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them? >> absolutely. >> for five weeks, this no-man's land of ice was home to an expeditionary team of sailors, scientists and engineers, who's mission was to understand how to survive in maybe the most hostile conditions on earth. how cold does it get up here? >> it's about 25 below zero with the wind chill. >> the stakes are high-- trillions of dollars of natural gas and oil long-buried under the sea floor. which is one reason we came upon a u.s. attack submarine in a most unlikely way. >> i'm steve kroft. >> i'm leslie stahl. >> i'm bill whitaker. >> i'm anderson cooper. >> i'm charlie rose. >> i'm scott pelley. those stories tonight, on "60 minutes."
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♪ >> rose: former white house chief strategist steve bannon, during his brief tenure in the
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west wing and his few months as c.e.o. of president trump's campaign, earned many nicknames among his admirers and his ever- expanding list of enemies. he was the "great manipulator," "trump's svengali," "the grim reaper," "propagandist-in- chief." he describes himself as a street fighter, and he proved it in this, his first-ever television interview. bannon is back running breitbart news, the website where the alt- right and conspiracy theories meet conventional conservatives. the street fighter, shiv in hand, came ready to brawl, and not with liberals or democrats. >> steve bannon: the republican establishment is trying to nullify the 2016 election. that's a brutal fact we have to face. >> rose: the republican establishment? >> bannon: the republican establishment is trying-- >> rose: wants to nullify the 2016 election? >> bannon: trying to nullify the 2016 election, absolutely. >> rose: who? >> bannon: i think mitch mcconnell, and to a degree, paul ryan. they do not want donald trump's
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populist, economic nationalist agenda to be implemented. it's very obvious. it's obvious as-- it's obvious as the-- it's obvious as night follows day, is what they're trying to do-- >> rose: give me a story that illustrates that. >> bannon: oh, mitch mcconnell, when we first met him, i mean, he was-- he was-- he-- he said, i think in one of the first meetings-- in trump tower with the president-- as we're wrapping up, he basically says, "i don't want to hear any more of this 'drain the swamp' talk." he says, "i can't-- i can't hire any smart people," because everybody's all over him for reporting requirements and-- and the pay, et cetera, and the scrutiny. you know, "you got to back off that." the "drain the swamp" thing was-- is mitch mcconnell was, day one, did not want to-- did not want to go there. wanted us to back off. >> rose: you are attacking on many fronts, people who you need to help you, to get things done. >> bannon: they're not going to help you unless they're put on notice. they're going to be held accountable if they do not support the president of the united states. right now, there's no accountability. they have totally-- they do not support the president's program. it's an open secret on capitol hill.
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everybody in this city knows it. >> rose: and so therefore, now that you're out of the w house, you're going to war with them? >> bannon: absolutely. >> rose: have you cleaned the swamp? >> bannon: well, first off-- okay, the swamp is 50 years in the making. let's talk about the swamp. the swamp is a business model. it's a successful business model. it's a donor-consultant, k. street lobbyist-politician-- seven of the nine biggest ca-- most-- wealthiest counties in america ring washington, d.c. >> rose: what are you talking about when you talk about the swamp? you're talking about---the lobbyists and the people-- >> bannon: the permanent political class, as represented by both parties. you're not going to-- you're not going to drain that in eight months. you're not going to drain it in two terms. this is going to take ten, 15, 20 years of relentlessly going after it. >> rose: so you win the election. you go through a transition. lot of people thought might join the cabinet, didn't: rudy, newt, christie. >> bannon: in the 48 hours after we won, there's a fundamental decision that was made. you might call it the original sin of the administration. we embraced the establishment. i mean, we totally embraced the establishment. i think in president trump's
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mind, or president-elect trump's the family's mind, i actually agreed with the decision. because you had to staff a government. and-- and, and to be brutally frank, you know, the-- the-- the campaign-- look, i'd never been on a campaign in my entire life, right? you know, i'm-- i'm a former investment banker who's a media guy, running a little website. we were-- our whole campaign was a little bit, the "island of misfit toys." so he looks around and i'm wearing my combat jacket, i haven't shaved, i got-- you know, my hair's down to here, and he says-- he's-- he's thinking. "hey, i've got to put together a government. i've got to really staff up something. i need to embrace the establishment." >> rose: i need to govern. >> bannon: i need to govern. >> rose: let's go down the list of the things that donald trump wanted. he wanted to do away with obamacare. repeal and replace. it didn't happen. >> bannon: the very first meetings we had with the republican establishment, here was the plan that was laid out. the plan was to do obamacare because, remember, paul ryan and
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these guys come in and said, "we've done this for seven years. we understand this issue better than anybody. we know how to repeal and we know how to replace, and this is ours. that's what we're going to start with, day one, and we will have something on your desk by easter. by the easter break, we'll do repeal and replace. come back from easter, and all the way up to the august break, taxes. come back from the summer break, on labor day, and we drive home to the end of the year on infrastructure. we accomplish all three big legislative goals in the first year." they would take-- >> reporter: this is what the leadership in the house and senate told you? >> bannon: and we agreed to. that was the deal. >> rose: so you're now blaming them for all of this? >> bannon: i'm not blaming this-- i'm not blaming them for all this. what i'm-- what i'm saying is that, when left to even repeal it in june in the senate, they put it up for a vote, they only had 41 votes. there is wide discrepancy in the republican party, as we know today, now that we're in it. but i will tell you, leadership didn't know it at the time. they didn't know it till the very end. and let me tell you about obamacare. there is something that's being worked on right now to fix obamacare. and that came up-- >> rose: to fix obamacare?
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>> bannon: it does t >> bannon: --it does not-- hang on. it does not-- >> rose: well, hang on-- >> bannon: --actually, it does not totally repeal obamacare-- >> rose: have we come to that, where the choice is simply to fix obamacare? >> bannon: i think their choice is going to be, you're not going to be able to totally repeal it. >> rose: and you accept no responsibility for the failures of this administration? >> bannon: when you say failures, it's eight months in, give me a failure. obama didn't have obamacare for the first 18 months. you're holding him to an unfair standard. >> rose: we interviewed steve bannon wednesday at his home in washington, which doubles as the headquarters of breitbart news. the interview was a day after the trump administration announced it would end daca, the program that provides legal protections for undocumented immigrants who were brought to the united states as children. president trump gave congress six months to sort it out, but bannon believes the program should be abolished. >> bannon: i'm worried about losing the house now because of this-- of-- because of daca. and my fear is that with this six months down range, if we
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have another huge-- if this goes all the way down to its logical conclusion, in february and march, it will be a civil war inside the republican party that will be every bit as vitriolic as 2013. and to me, doing that in the springboard of primary season for 2018 is extremely unwise. >> rose: president made the wrong decision? >> bannon: i think that the-- >> rose: the president made the wrong decision? >> bannon: --i-- i think-- >> rose: you wanted him to-- >> bannon: i think-- >> rose: --go full bore. >> bannon: i think what we have to do is focus on the american citizens. i think we have to focus on american citizens-- >> rose: so what would you do to people who came here-- >> bannon: i think that-- >> rose: --as children-- >> bannon: --you saw the memo-- >> rose: it-- it-- >> bannon: --you saw the memo. >> rose: but just tell me what you would do, that's all i'm asking-- >> bannon: --with the work permits-- as the work permits run out, they self deport. >> rose: they self deport? >> bannon: yes. i am absolutely-- >> bannon: there's no path to citizenship, no path to a green card and-- no amnesty. amnesty is non-negotiable. >> rose: america was, in the eyes of so many people, and it's what people respect america for,
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it is people have been able to come her contribute to the economy. that's what immigration has been in america. and you seem to want to turn it around and stop it. >> bannon: you couldn't be more dead wrong. america was built on her citizens. >> rose: we're all immigrants. >> bannon: america was built on her-- >> rose: except the native americans-- >> bannon: --don't-- don't g-- don't-- don't-- >> rose: --who were here. >> bannon: --don't-- don't give me-- this is the thing of the leftists. charlie, that's beneath you. america's built on our sys-- on our citizens. look at the 19th century. what built america's called the american system, from hamilton to polk to henry clay to lincoln to the roosevelts. a system of protection of our manufacturing, financial system that lends to manufacturers, okay, and the control of our borders. economic nationalism is what this country was built on. the american system, right? we go back to that. we look after our own. we look after our citizens, we look after our manufacturing base, and guess what? this country's going to be greater, more united, more powerful than it's ever been. and it's not-- this is not
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astrophysics, okay? and by the way, that'sry nationality, every race, every religion, every sexual preference. as long as you're a citizen of our country, as long as you're an american citizen, you're part of this populous economic nationalist movement. >> rose: can i remind you, a good catholic, that cardinal dolan is opposed to what's happened with daca. cardinal dolan. >> bannon: the catholic church has been terrible about this. >> rose: okay. >> bannon: the bishops have been terrible about this. by the way, you know why? you know why? because unable to really to come to grips with the problems in the church, they need illegal aliens, they need illegal aliens to fill the churches. it's obvious, on the face of it. that's what-- the entire catholic bishops condemning. they have-- they have an economic interest. they have an economic interest in unlimited immigration, unlimited illegal immigration. and as much as-- >> rose: boy, that's a tough thing to say about your church.
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>> bannon: as much as i respect cardinal dolan and the bishops on doctrine, this is not this is not doctrine at all. i totally respect the pope and i totally respect the catholic bishops and cardinals on doctrine. this is not about doctrine. this is about the sovereignty of a nation. and in that regard, they're just another guy with an opinion. >> rose: so how do you want to be perceived, you today? because you have a media image. >> bannon: the media image, i think is pretty accurate. i'm a street fighter. that's what i am. >> rose: you're more than that. >> bannon: no, i think i'm a street fighter. and by the way, i think that's why donald trump and i get along so well. donald trump's a fighter. great counter puncher. great counter puncher. he's a fighter. i'm going to be his wing man outside for the entire time, to protect. >> rose: you will not be attacking donald trump? >> bannon: no, our-- our purpose is to support donald trump. by the way-- >> rose: and destroy his enemies? >> bannon: to make sure his enemies know that there's no free shot on goal. by the way, after the charlottesville situation, that's what i told general kelly, i was the only guy that came out and tried to defend him. i was the only guy that said, "he's talking about something,
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taking it up to a higher level." where does it all go? does it end-- does it end in taking down the washington monument? does it end in taking down-- >> rose: i tell you where many people suggest it should have gone. it should have gone, in terms of denouncing specifically from the very beginning, neo-nazis and white supremacists and people of that political view. and it should have gone there because those were people that americans in world war ii went to fight against and should have instantly have denounced them. and you didn't, at first instinct. in fact, you seemed to be doubling down in terms of a moral equivalency. >> bannon: what he was trying to say is that people that support the monument staying there peacefully and people that oppose that, that's the normal course of first amendment. when he's talking about the neo- nazis and neo-confederates and the klan, who, by the way, are absolutely awful-- there's no room in american politics for that. there's no room in american society for that. my problem-- my problem, and i told general kelly this, when you side with a man, you side
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with him. i was proud to come out and try media that day. >> rose: and no exceptions in terms of siding with someone? >> bannon: you can tell him, "hey, maybe you can do it a better way." but if you're going to break, then resign. if you're going to break with him, resign. the stuff that was leaked out that week by certain members of the white house, i thought was unacceptable. if you find it unacceptable, you should resign. >> rose: so who are you talking about? >> bannon: i'm talking about obviously, about gary cohn and some other people. that if you don't like what he's doing and you don't agree with it, you have an obligation to resign. >> rose: gary cohn should have resigned? >> bannon: absolutely. >> rose: were you upset about it? >> bannon: i was of the opinion that you should condemn both the racist and the neo-nazis because they're getting a free ride on-- >> rose: you said to me-- >> bannon: hang on, they're getting off, a free ride off donald trump. they're getting a free ride. because it's a small group, it's a vicious group. they add no value. and all they do is show up in the-- and the mainstream media and the left-wing media makes them up as some huge part of donald trump's coalition. >> rose: david duke--
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>> bannon: david duke shows up for every media opportunity because you guys puthe >> rose: but you did say-- no-- no, well, but-- the media-- >> bannon: charlie, charlie-- >> rose: the media does not make david duke say what he says. they applauded what the president did. that's what david duke did. >> bannon: david duke-- the president has condemned david duke and what david duke stands for. >> rose: everybody listening to you talks about one of the great issues in american life today, which is the plight of the middle class. but they also believe that there is, on your part and the president's part, not enough appreciation for some of the values also that made america great. and you don't appreciate that. you don't appreciate the diversity, you don't appreciate the respect for civil rights--
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>> bannon: i was raised in-- in a desegregated neighborhood. it-- richmond is predominantly black, okay? i went to-- i went to an integrated school, a catholic school. i served in the military. i don't need to be-- i don't need to be lectured--by a bunch of-- by a bunch of limousine liberals, okay, from the upper east side of new york and from the hamptons, okay, about any of this. my lived experience is that. >> rose: new york's cardinal timothy dolan, citing both hebrew scripture and the new testament, called steve bannon's criticism of the church's support for immigrants "preposterous," and "so ridiculous that it doesn't merit a comment." questions about russian interference in the presidential election, and why steve bannon calls prominent members of the bush administration "idiots," when we come back. this lovely lady has a typical airline credit card. so she only earns double miles on purchases she makes from that airline. what'd you earn double miles on, please? ugh. that's unfortunate. there's a better option.
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>> rose: steve bannon's strategydu c.e.o. of the trump campaign, helped turn conventional politics on its head. but before the administration even began, president trump's upset victory faced investigations into whether it was won under a shadow of russian interference in the 2016 election. >> bannon: there's nothing to the russia investigation. it's a waste of time. >> rose: what do you believe? you know what the national security-- institution believes. what do you believe? >> bannon: what do you mean, what they believe? we-- we don't, really. i mean, that there may have been-- i-- i think-- look, i was there-- >> rose: no, no, no, you were-- you-- >> bannon: --it's a total and complete farce. russian collusion is a farce. >> rose: okay, i didn't say collusion. did the russians try to influence the election? >> bannon: if you consider maybe something they did that at the d.n.c.-- who-- who-- >> rose: maybe something they did-- >> bannon: --maybe someone that did-- >> rose: that's not what the c.i.a. believes. that's not what the f.b.i. believes-- >> bannon: maybe-- maybe what they-- have you seen-- have you seen the intelligence reports? >> rose: no. >> bannon: okay, fine. so you don't know-- >> rose: have you seen intelligence reports--
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>> bannon: i have seen the intelligence reports-- >> rose: and are you sg not suggest that the russians tried to influence the election? >> bannon: i don't-- i would never devolve classified information on this show. but let me tell you, i think it's far from conclusive that the russians had any impact on this election. >> rose: well, that's not the question. did they try to influence the american election? that's what the investigation is about. >> bannon: we'll have to wait till the investigation is finished. >> rose: why does the president find it so hard to criticize russia? >> bannon: charlie, let-- this is what stuns me. i don't think the president goes out of his way-- what his point is, why pick another fight? we've got enough problems around the world. >> rose: so don't criticize the russians because we don't need another fight? >> bannon: he criticizes the russians all the time. he knows the russians are not good guys. we should be focused on how we bring the cold war to an end, so we don't have to-- and i think it was president obama's program, $1 trillion to upgrade the nuclear arsenal. is that what you want to do? is that where you want to spend your money? would you rather spend $1
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trillion in cleveland, in baltimore, in the inner cities of this country where we need to spend it, in the heartland of this nation? and i think what he's trying to say, in a world of anarchy, do you need another enemy? >> rose: i don't know of a higher priority for you than going to economic war with china. >> bannon: donald trump, for 30 years, has singled out china as the biggest single problem we have on the world stage. the elites in this country have got us in a situation, we're at, not economic war with china, china is at economic war with us. >> rose: you want a trade war with china? >> bannon: i want china to stop appropriating our technology. china is, through forced technology transfer and through stealing our technology, but really forced technology transfer, is cutting out the beating heart of american innovation. >> rose: we asked steve bannon how he responds to criticisms of president trump on national security, that have been made by members of his own party. >> bannon: on the campaign, what did the mainstream media say all the time about donald trump and
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nati s he's crazy." the republican establishment came out, all the bush guys came out in the-- all those ads, okay? "he's irresponsible. he should not be allowed around the nuclear trigger." in going after the establishment, just like in national security, he's done it in a prudent method. he's-- >> rose: it's not just those guys. it's the former national director of intelligence-- >> bannon: absolutely. >> rose: james clapper-- >> bannon: exactly. >> rose: --said he might not be trusted. >> bannon: this is once again where the narrative is dead wrong. and by the way, the head-- all the stuff in the "wall street journal," the sign advertisements, from all the geniuses in the bush administration that got us here. the geniuses in the bush administration that let china in the w.t.o. and genius in the bush administration told us, "hey, they're going to be a liberal democracy. they're going to be free-market capitalism, okay? the same geniuses that got us into iraq, that's the geniuses of the bush administration. i hold these people in contempt, total and complete contempt. i don't want to hear it. i don't want to hear it. they're-- they're-- they're-- it's-- it's-- it-- it gets all over me like-- like nothing else. and you know why?
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they gotten us in this situation, and they question a good man like donald trump. >> rose: who are we talking about? >> bannon: i won't name names. >> rose: well, you have to name names because, i mean, you're painting with a broad brush and that's not fair. >> bannon: you know, the condi rice, the george w. bush, his entire national security apparatus. >> rose: brent scowcroft, colin powell-- >> bannon: yes. >> rose: condi rice? >> bannon: absolutely. all of them. >> rose: dick cheney? >> bannon: all of it. all of it. by the way, the obama crowd, almost the same. clinton crowd, almost the same. it's three administrations. >> rose: president trump made steve bannon c.e.o. of his campaign just three months before election day. the campaign's biggest crisis was an october surprise, when a 2005 video surfaced of mr. trump using vulgar language to describe his encounters with women. he made those remarks to tv host billy bush. the trump family and senior advisers held emergency weekend meetings. those meetings included new jersey governor chris christie and republican party chairman
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reince priebus. >> bannon: and trump went around the room and asked people the percentages he thought of still winning and what the recommendation. and reince started off, and reince said, "you have-- you have two choices. you either drop out right now, or you lose by the biggest landslide in american political history." and trump, with his humor goes, "that's a great way-- that's a great way to start our-- start our conversation." we went around the room. and you could tell-- i could tell from the incoming of politicians and i could tell from some of the politicians that were there, is that the natural inclination of politicians are-- are-- are to be so overwhelmingly-- stunned and shocked by how the media comes on you. but trump wasn't that. and i told him as he went around, i was the last guy to speak, and i said, "it's 100%. you have 100% probability of winning." >> rose: but you seem to have done that at every point in the campaign. when he was in trouble, asking him to double down on his rhetoric, double down in terms of appealing to his base. >> bannon: appealing to the american people and to the working class people in this country, absolutely. you know why? because e.c.-- it was a winner.
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that's why i told him, "double down," every time. and on that day, that's the got upset with me. he goes, "come on, it's not 100%." i go, "it's absolutely 100%." and i told him why. "they don't care. they don't care about--" >> rose: but they do care about respect for women. and it's not just locker room talk. >> bannon: they do, but that's just locker room talk. >> rose: did you lose confidence of anybody because they came to you at that point and said, "look, he ought to get out of the race," other than reince preibus? did your attitude toward those people who said that you're just wrong? >> bannon: the billy bush saturday to me is a litmus test. it's a litmus test. and i said it the other day to general kelly during the charlottesville thing, afterwards. it's a line i remember from the movie "the wild bunch." william holden uses it right before that huge gunfight at the end. "when you side with a man, you side with him," okay? the good and the bad. you can criticize him behind, but when you side with him, you have to side with him. and that's what billy bush weekend showed me. >> rose: boy, you took names on billy bush sunday, didn't you? >> bannon: i did. i got to-- i got to-- you know, i'm irish. i've got to get my black book,
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and i got them. that'll believe-- christie, be weekend-- and-- was-- was-- not looked at for a cabinet position. >> rose: he wasn't there for you on billy bush weekend so therefore he doesn't get a cabinet position? >> bannon: i told him, "the plane leaves at 11:00 in the morning. if you're on the plane, you're on the team." didn't make the plane. >> rose: in all the conversations about you, there's this "saturday night live" image. >> yes, of course, mr. president, i will go sit at my desk. >> rose: it basically shows you as some svengali. >> bannon: actually, the grim reaper. >> rose: the grim reaper. >> bannon: i don't need the affirmation of the mainstream media. i don't care what they say. they can call me an anti-semite. they can call me racist. they call me nativist. you can call me anything you want, okay? as long as we're driving this agenda for the working men and women of this country, i'm happy. >> rose: to be this strong a
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defender, why aren't you there? why, and would the president of the united states, who you applaud so loudly, have allowed you to leave if he didn't want you out? >> bannon: no, it's the exact opposite. i-- i was the-- i was a st-- look, i'm not cut out to be a staffer. >> rose: no, but you-- >> bannon: and the whi-- and the whi-- and the white house-- and the whi-- no, no-- >> rose: your title was not "staffer." >> bannon: i was-- >> rose: your title was "chief strategist." >> bannon: you are a staffer. i was a federal government employee. there are certain things you can't do. i cannot take the fight to who we have to take the fight to, when i'm an advisor to the president as a federal government employee. you can't do it. >> rose: you know that this white house leaks like nobody's ever seen a white house leak. and that's where the reporters are getting the story. and they're getting the story about conflict between you and h.r. mcmaster. they're getting stories about conflict between you and jared kushner, and you and ivanka trump. they're getting all these stories because people in the white house, including you, are leaking. you know that. and you have in fact said, "no
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administration in history has been so divided among itself it should go." so i want to know from you, what's the divide? >> bannon: the divide is, first off, president trump and the way president trump has always run his organizations. he will always take diverging views, i think that's healthy. because i think for an idea, a darwinian environment for idea is positive. now, the one thing i disagree with is that i think there has been a divide in this administration from the beginning. it's quite obvious. there's one group of people that, on the campaign, that said, "all you have to do is do what you said you were going to do in these major areas. let's punch out one thing after the other. you're going to keep your coalition together, and we're going to add to it over time as you're successful." there's another group that has said, "let's compromise, and let's try to reach out to democrats, and let's try to work on things that we can do together." >> rose: did general kelly say to you, "you've got to go"? >> bannon: absolutely not. what general-- i went to general kelly on august 7th saying, "my one-year anniversary's coming up."
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and in fact, when i on the 7th and said, "hey, i'm-- i'm going to put in my letter of resignation, and i'm going to be out of here on the 14th. it'll be one year to the date." >> rose: but by that time, and you know this, you were isolated inside the white house. >> bannon: that's not-- absolutely not true. i still-- i was still-- i had the same influence on the president i had on day one. >> rose: this is the first television interview you've done. >> bannon: yes. ever. >> rose: what i have received from you in this conversation is, donald trump-- you believe is a historic figure. you believe that donald trump-- i mean, you-- has been without criticism, and i don't believe you're the kind of person that doesn't give him-- >> bannon: it's not-- >> rose: --the same kind of criticism. >> bannon: --it's not without criticism. i think if there's one criticism or one observation, is that the president, in coming here, right, has still thought-- at least in the beginning of his administration-- that it's about personalities, and, "if i can change this personality," or, "if i can get this guy on my side, i can do that."
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and it's not what the institutional logic is. i think some of that was with state department and how his foreign policy is playing out. but i believe you're going to see, over time, he's going to have a greater appreciation that this is a city of institutions, and you must engage them as institutions, not just as personalities. >> rose: does that mean he'll be more "presidential?" >> bannon: i think-- by the way, i think-- when you say presidential, i think he's very presidential. >> rose: okay. >> bannon: okay-- okay, i think he's very presidential. this is one of the things-- he uses-- okay, he uses twitter-- and not-- they used to call me, "oh, you're the-- you're the enabler of the twitter." i think what he does on twitter is extraordinary. he disintermediates the media. he goes above their head and talks directly to the american people. >> rose: it's not a question of going over the head of the american-- of-- over the head of the media. it's what he says. >> bannon: it's what he says. no, it's what he says that the mainstream media, the pearl- clutching mainstream media. the pearl-clutching mainstream media. what they deem is not correct, what they deem is not right.
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>> rose: no, it's not a questi >> rose: --about right or not right. >> bannon: what you deem-- >> rose: it's not a question of appropriateness. it's-- >> bannon: it's what you deem is-- >> rose: --it's a question of whether it's in his interest. that's the point. not the appropriateness of it. >> bannon: okay, i don't think he needs-- the "washington post," and the "new york times," and cbs news. and i don't believe he thinks that they're looking out what's in his best interest, okay? he's not going to believe that, i don't believe that, and you don't believe that, okay? this is another just standard in judgment that you rain upon him in the effort to destroy donald trump. he knows he's speaking directly to the people who put him in office, when he uses twitter. and it sometimes is not in the custom and tradition of what the opposition party deems is appropriate. you're-- you're absolutely correct, it's not. and he's not going to stop. and by the way, general kelly, i have the most tremendous respect for and has put in very tight processes. he's not going to be able to control it either, because it's
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donald trump. it's donald trump talking directly to the american people. and to say something else, you're going to get some good there. and every now and again, you're going to get some less good, okay? but you're just going to have to live with it. >> that's a winner. >> steve bannon is not done. >> you got they worked up. >> i know. >> he has lots more to say at andre is an air traffic controller. when it comes to planning the best routes, nobody does it better. he's also a championship-winning football coach. look at that formation. but when it comes to mortgages, he's less confident. fortunately for andre, there's rocket mortgage by quicken loans. it's simple, so he can understand the details and be sure he's getting the right mortgage. apply simply. understand fully. mortgage confidently. we, the people, are tired of being surprised with extra monthly fees. we want hd. and every box and dvr. all included.
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call 1-800-directv. >> leslie stahl: the sea ice over the arctic is melting and shrinking so fast, we will see in our lifetime something that hasn't happened, it's believed, since the end of the last ice age: the opening of an ocean, the arctic ocean, and with that access to trade routes and
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trillions of dollars worth of oil and natural gas, almost as much as the entire u.s. economy. but, as we reported last fall, this isn't a story about climate change; this is a story about the competition for those riches. the russians, for instance, have already amassed a major military presence in the region. it's also about pioneers: u.s. scientists and naval personnel, learning to tough it out in the harshness of this still ice- covered frontier. we discovered just how harsh, on a trip to the arctic. the arctic ocean sits on top of the globe, encircled by russia, which encompasses about half of its coastline; norway; greenland; canada; and the united states, thanks to alaska. we flew, as guests of the navy,
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from prudhoe bay, alaska, 200 miles in the direction of the north pole, over fractured, thinning ice, to a spot where the ice was still thick enough to support this base camp. it was a small temporary village, disrupting the peace and purity of the ice, white as far as the eye can see. the camp was built for a scientific and military exercise, called "ice-x 2016." hi, everyone. how do you do? nice to meet you. >> dewalt: welcome, welcome. >> stahl: for five weeks, this no man's land of ice was home to an expeditionary team of sailors, scientists and engineers, whose mission was to understand how to survive in maybe the most hostile conditions on earth. the navy says those taking part in this exercise are the first humans ever to set foot on this part of the planet. it's actually beautiful beyond belief, isn't it? >> chuck mcguire: it really is. >> stahl: chuck mcguire was one of the first to arrive. he's an engineer with the
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er applied physics lab, that was brought in to build this camp from scratch. so you get off the plane. there's nothing. >> mcguire: yeah. >> stahl: there's no shelter, there's no indoors. >> mcguire: no. >> stahl: there was just ice? >> mcguire: ice everywhere. that's right. >> stahl: and you say, "how am i going to survive?" >> mcguire: you pick up a hammer and start building. >> stahl: they built a makeshift city called sargo for roughly 60 people, consisting of a command post, tight living quarters, a mess hall stocked with food airlifted in weekly, and some very primitive toilet facilities. >> mcguire: that outhouse is really cold. ( laughter ) >> stahl: that outhouse is awful! oh, my god! what about water? you can't just eat the ice, right? >> mcguire: you can if you know what you're looking for. >> stahl: this ice mining team knows what to look for: old sea ice that's been baking in the sun long enough that the salt has leached out. >> ice mining team, ice mining team.
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we are returningk >> stahl: they bring back chunks to melt down into the camp's only drinking water. >> mcguire: all the things that you take for granted in normal civilization, right, shelter, food, the ease of going to the bathroom, right? that is all different out here. ( laughs ) >> stahl: what qualities do you think it takes to stay here and survive out here for weeks? >> mcguire: i think maybe you have to be a little off, initially. and really understand that everything outside that door is trying to kill you here. >> stahl: there's a daily briefing in the command post, to coordinate the various researchers who are studying and trying to understand this part of the world as they plan for a more sustained presence here. they're analyzing, among other things-- >> commander scott parker: the ice floe's moved about nine miles to the west northwest today. >> stahl: --how climate change
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is affecting the way the ice here drifts and migrates. you get the sense that you're on land- it's very firm, you know. a plane could land. but we're moving, which is kind of astonishing. >> luers: i think every day, it's interesting to wake up and recognize you're eight or nine miles from where you were the day before. it looks the same, but it's pretty interesting to try and figure that out. >> stahl: the ice moves that much every day, in unpredictable directions, because of the currents underwater and the wind above. >> forecaster: down here, we're 23 degrees celsius. >> stahl: also unpredictable is the weather. we met a team of meteorologists using balloons to help with forecasting, which is key for any military operation. >> parker: so, these balloons measure your temperature, your dew point, the wind speed. >> stahl: commander scott parker, a meteorologist with the navy's atlantic submarine force, says there's virtually no
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weather data collected up here. in other parts of the world, me for forecasting, but up here near the north pole, satellite coverage is minimal. how cold does it get up here? because it's-- right now, i don't >> parker: it is freezing, right? >> stahl: people can see, it's terribly-- >> parker: the lowest we've had is-- is 26 degrees below fahrenheit, and today's actually our warmest day-- >> stahl: come on? >> parker: --and right now, it's 6 degrees below. >> stahl: and with this wind chill factor? because the wind is really blowing. >> parker: it is. and it's terrible. it's about 25 degrees below zero with the wind chill. >> stahl: and you're telling me this is the warmest day you've had? >> parker: this is the warmest day we've had so far. >> stahl: do you want to go inside? >> parker: i do. let's go. >> stahl: the temperature can drop to as low as 50 below, and that can wreak havoc on just about everything, including these navy divers who were here to test their latest cold- weather gear, and their endurance, in the frigid water. these robotics engineers are conducting underwater experiments in a temperature-
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controlled tent. when we were there, doug horner and hite these underwater drones for the first time in the arctic. >> doug horner: when we first put it in, we check the ballast. >> stahl: the drones are collecting scientific data about the arctic, where the water gets warmer the deeper you go. they're also getting a picture of what it looks like, down below. >> horner: my primary emphasis here is the ability to map the under-ice. so we have sensors, sonar specifically, which is sound, which is focused upwards. and what we hope to do with continually putting sound upwards is to make a map. >> stahl: you're mapping the bottom of the ice? >> horner: yes, the underneath portion of the ice. >> stahl: uh-huh. and why is that important? >> horner: i want to be able to navigate relative to that. so this is the idea of being able to navigate an underwater robot accurately without g.p.s., because in the ice you don't have the opportunity to come up
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to the surface for a g.p.s. fix. >> stahl: he says these drones could also be used to patrol the waters of the arctic, looking for enemy subs, for instance, the way drones hover in the sky over a battlefield. the navy is testing this technology, and amassing all of this research, to prepare for an expanded presence in the arctic, as the ice continues to melt. the russians are already there in force. in 2015, they staged a military exercise in the arctic as seen in this russian ministry of defense footage. it involved about 40,000 troops, 15 submarines, 41 warships and multiple aircraft. no one disputes their right to do that on their own territory. it's just that it wasn't announced. >> philip breedlove: we pre- announce ours. no one is surprised by them. whereas the exercise that russia did was a snap exercise, which is a bit destabilizing. >> stahl: until last year, retired four-star general philip
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breedlove was the supreme allied commander of nato, with responsibility for the arctic. what else is destabilizing, he says, is russia's military buildup along something called the northern sea route, skirting the russian arctic coastline. the route could become an alternative to the suez canal, saving huge amounts of time and money for the commercial shipping industry. >> breedlove: i have heard as much as 28 days decrease in some of the transit, from the northern european markets to the asian markets. that is an incredible economic opportunity. and it could be a very boon-- big boon to business around the world. >> stahl: what would it mean if the russians did gain control over the northern sea route? >> breedlove: if the russians had the ability to militarily hold that at ransom, that is a big lever over the world economy. >> stahl: so tell us in a nutshell what's happening. >> breedlove: along that route,
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what we see is russia upgrading 14 of them to be done this year; increasing the number of ground troops; putting in surface-to- air missiles; putting in sensors that could be used to guide weapons, that could be used to deny access. >> stahl: in 2007, russia went so far as to plant its flag on the sea floor under the north pole. >> breedlove: i think it's important to understand what the deputy prime minister said, that the arctic is a part of russia, that-- that they will provide the defense for the arctic and that they will make money in the arctic. and that the western world may, therefore, bring sanctions on them, but that's okay, because tanks don't need visas. i think it sends a pretty clear message. >> stahl: the u.s. has not tried to match the russian buildup,
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the navy relying on its fleet of nuclear and attack submarines, the most powerful in the world. when we were there, the navy was conducting a submarine warfare exercise, something it does in the arctic every two years. when a sub surfaces in the arctic, they use shovels to carve a visual landmark in the ice that the sub can see. "x" literally marks the spot. but that "x" is a moving target, because of the drifting ice. >> luers: there we go. >> stahl: which makes maneuvering a windowless steel cylinder the size of a football field to such a pinpoint location seem impossible. but on this day, the skipper and his crew, punching up through thick ice, nailed it on their first try. it took a few minutes for the sail, the shark fin on top, to completely emerge. >> luers: there they are. >> stahl: when they popped the hatch, a special guest climbed out: the secretary of the navy, ray mabus, who'd been on board
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for five days, taking part the naval exercise. what does it mean that the secretary of the navy has come up to the arctic? is there a special significance to you being here? >> ray mabus: our responsibilities are increasing as the arctic ice melts, as the climate changes. and so the navy has got to be here, we've got to provide that presence and i hope that my presence emphasizes what we do. >> stahl: as he flew off to alaska, we climbed down the ladder into the fast-attack, nuclear-powered u.s.s. "hampton." you feel claustrophobic? >> theron davis: oh no. not at all. you get used to it. >> stahl: commander of the hampton, theron davis, took us to the control room as the crew prepared to submerge. >> davis: stationary dive the ship. >> stationary dive the ship, aye, sir. dive. stationary dive the ship. make your depth one-five-zero feet. >> stahl: what he and his crew of 20-somethings are practicing is something subs only do in the arctic.
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( horn sounding ) diving down through new ice that had formed around the sub. we're listing. i'm tilting this way. once they get to a cruising level, they practice hide and seek with another sub. in some of the exercises, they also test-fire blank torpedoes. >> davis: so, i'm going to show you a torpedo tube. >> stahl: one of their challenges is ice keels, huge chunks of ice that jut down from the surface, and confuse sonar- guided torpedoes that can't distinguish them from enemy submarines. >> davis: so what we're working on is saying, "hey, how can we fix that? >> stahl: we returned to the surface... >> davis: we're coming up right now. one-two-two feet. >> stahl: one american sub, in a region with a growing russian military presence. during our last day at the camp, something dramatic happened.
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a crack in the ice along the perimeter became a giant lake. new fissures formed right through the heart of the camp, up to the doorstep of the command post. everything was packed up quickly for an emergency evacuation, a reminder that the most formidable adversary here may not be russian forces, but the forces of nature. since our story was first broadcast, russia has continued to expand its military presence in the arctic, unveiling its newest base in the region. the sprawling complex can house 150 troops for up to 18 months. four more bases like it are planned. >> this cbs sports update is breakthrough the you by ford division. i'm james brown. defense was the theme for bullet and jacksonville today. the ravens handed the bengals their first home shutout since 01.
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the swration set a franchise record with ten sacks against ben rotdburger through for two scores. philadelphia had four sax and forced four turnovers to beat washington. matthew stafford had four touchdown passes and the lions win. for more sports news, go to ♪ let's go! ♪ mom! slow down! for the ones who keep pushing. always unstoppable. [ "more more more" by dagny ] ♪ more, more, more ♪ how do you like it ♪ how do you like it ♪ more, more, more ♪ how do you like it ♪ how do you like it ♪ more, more, more ♪ how do you like it ♪ how do you like your love
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