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Albert Einstein [ˈAlbɛʁt ˈʔaɪnʃtaɪn] (14 March 189 - 18 April 1955) was a German - born Nobel Prize -winning physicist . He is best known for his discovery of the theory of relativity (one of the two pillars of modern physics) and the law of mass-energy equivalence, E = mc 2 (dubbed "the most famous equation in the world"). He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921. He received this award forhis special contributions to theoretical physics and for his research on photoelectricity .
Einstein was born in the German Empire . His father ran an electrochemical factory. Einstein, however, moved to Switzerland in 1895 and renounced German citizenship the following year. He earned a Diploma in Academic Education from the Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich in 1900, specializing in physics and mathematics . The following year, he acquired Swiss citizenship, which he did not relinquish. Initially struggling to find work, he worked as a patent examiner at the Swiss Patent Office in Bern from 1902 to 1909 .
Einstein did a lot of research in various fields of physics and contributed a lot to new inventions and discoveries. The most famous contributions are the special theory of relativity (which integrated mechanics and electromagnetism ) and the general theory of relativity (which established a new theory of gravitation by applying the theory of relativity to unequal motion ). His other contributions include the cosmology of relativity, capillary action , chronological perceptual coloring , statistical mechanics , and the solution of various problems of quantum theory that led him to the Brownian motion of the molecule.Led to the explanation of the probability of molecular revolution, the quantum theory of mono-molecular gas, the thermal properties of light at low radiation concentrations ( a theory of radiation that formed the basis of photon theory), gave the first idea of integrated field theory and geometricized physics.
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