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The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) is the premier repository for research and engineering information for the United States Department of Defense. DTIC's Suite of Services is available to DoD personnel, defense contractors, federal government personnel and contractors and selected academic institutions. The general public can access unclassified, unlimited information, including many full-text downloadable documents, through the public Web site, DTIC Online.



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The Cultural Capability Triad - Three components combine to provide cultural capability: Regional/Culture-Specific Knowledge, Language Proficiency and Cross-Cultural Competence.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Abbe ,Allison, DEFENSE EQUAL OPPORTUNITY MANAGEMENT INST PATRICK AFB FL PAFB United...
The objective was to evaluate the effect of fighter wing load spectrum variations on the life behavior of composite structures. Six types of spectra were generated: (a) clipping to 90% test limit stress, (b) addition of stress overloads, (c) addition of low loads, (d) truncation to 70% test limit stress, (e) clipping of tension loads, (f) increased severity and number of air-to-air loads. A single hole compression test specimen was designed to simulate fatigue critical areas of fighter wing...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Badaliance,R, MCDONNELL AIRCRAFT CO ST LOUIS MO, *COMPOSITE MATERIALS,...
The objective was to evaluate the effect of fighter wing load spectrum variations on the life behavior of composite structures. Six types of spectra were generated: (a) clipping to 90% test limit stress, (b) addition of stress overloads, (c) addition of low loads, (d) truncation to 70% test limit stress, (e) clipping of tension loads, (f) increased severity and number of air-to-air loads. A single hole compression test specimen was designed to simulate fatigue critical areas of fighter wing...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Badaliance,R, MCDONNELL AIRCRAFT CO ST LOUIS MO, *COMPOSITE MATERIALS,...
The objective was to evaluate the effect of fighter wing load spectrum variations on the life behavior of composite structures. Six types of spectra were generated: (a) clipping to 90% test limit stress, (b) addition of stress overloads, (c) addition of low loads, (d) truncation to 70% test limit stress, (e) clipping of tension loads, (f) increased severity and number of air-to-air loads. A single hole compression test specimen was designed to simulate fatigue critical areas of fighter wing...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Badaliance,R, MCDONNELL AIRCRAFT CO ST LOUIS MO, *COMPOSITE MATERIALS,...
The objective was to evaluate the effect of fighter wing load spectrum variations on the life behavior of composite structures. Six types of spectra were generated: (a) clipping to 90% test limit stress, (b) addition of stress overloads, (c) addition of low loads, (d) truncation to 70% test limit stress, (e) clipping of tension loads, (f) increased severity and number of air-to-air loads. A single hole compression test specimen was designed to simulate fatigue critical areas of fighter wing...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Badaliance,R, MCDONNELL AIRCRAFT CO ST LOUIS MO, *COMPOSITE MATERIALS,...
The objective was to evaluate the effect of fighter wing load spectrum variations on the life behavior of composite structures. Six types of spectra were generated: (a) clipping to 90% test limit stress, (b) addition of stress overloads, (c) addition of low loads, (d) truncation to 70% test limit stress, (e) clipping of tension loads, (f) increased severity and number of air-to-air loads. A single hole compression test specimen was designed to simulate fatigue critical areas of fighter wing...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Badaliance,R, MCDONNELL AIRCRAFT CO ST LOUIS MO, *COMPOSITE MATERIALS,...
The objective was to evaluate the effect of fighter wing load spectrum variations on the life behavior of composite structures. Six types of spectra were generated: (a) clipping to 90% test limit stress, (b) addition of stress overloads, (c) addition of low loads, (d) truncation to 70% test limit stress, (e) clipping of tension loads, (f) increased severity and number of air-to-air loads. A single hole compression test specimen was designed to simulate fatigue critical areas of fighter wing...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Badaliance,R, MCDONNELL AIRCRAFT CO ST LOUIS MO, *COMPOSITE MATERIALS,...
The objective was to evaluate the effect of fighter wing load spectrum variations on the life behavior of composite structures. Six types of spectra were generated: (a) clipping to 90% test limit stress, (b) addition of stress overloads, (c) addition of low loads, (d) truncation to 70% test limit stress, (e) clipping of tension loads, (f) increased severity and number of air-to-air loads. A single hole compression test specimen was designed to simulate fatigue critical areas of fighter wing...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Badaliance,R, MCDONNELL AIRCRAFT CO ST LOUIS MO, *COMPOSITE MATERIALS,...
The objective was to evaluate the effect of fighter wing load spectrum variations on the life behavior of composite structures. Six types of spectra were generated: (a) clipping to 90% test limit stress, (b) addition of stress overloads, (c) addition of low loads, (d) truncation to 70% test limit stress, (e) clipping of tension loads, (f) increased severity and number of air-to-air loads. A single hole compression test specimen was designed to simulate fatigue critical areas of fighter wing...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Badaliance,R, MCDONNELL AIRCRAFT CO ST LOUIS MO, *COMPOSITE MATERIALS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This report contains the teaching syllabus and lesson plans for a course on joint force development developed by the Institute for Defense Analyses at the request of the Dean of the Air War College. This elective course fills a void in the College's course offerings and increases emphasis in its curriculum on joint matters. It is designed to give the student both an overview of Service force development processes and the opportunity to discuss trends that may portend changes to these processes...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hinkle, Wade P, INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA, *JOINT MILITARY...
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Anopheles belenrae Rueda is one of about 30 species of the Hyrcanus Group. This group contains about three-quarters of the species that comprise the Myzorhynchus Series of genus Anopheles Meigen subgenus Anopheles in the Oriental and Palearctic Regions (Rueda et al. 2006). We report new records of An. helellrae from two provinces in North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea).
Topics: DTIC Archive, WALTER REED ARMY INST OF RESEARCH SILVER SPRING MD DEPT OF ENTOMOLOGY, *ANOPHELES,...
SOX4 is a critical developmental transcription factor in vertebrates and is required for precise proliferation and differentiation in multiple tissues. SOX4 has also been implicated in tumorigenesis of multiple tumor types and has been shown by our lab to be upregulated in prostate cancer. However, the exact molecular role and the genes SOX4 transcriptionally influences remain unknown. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled to DNA microarrays (ChIP-chip) we have identified 282 high...
Topics: DTIC Archive, EMORY UNIV ATLANTA GA, *PROSTATE CANCER, PROTEINS, NEOPLASMS, DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACIDS,...
Callicarpenal (=13,14,15,16-tetranorclerod-3-en-12-al=[(1S,2R,4aR,8aR)-1,2,3,4,4a,7,8,8a-octahydro-1,2,4a,5-tetramethylnaphthalen-1-yl]acetaldehyde; 1) has previously demonstrated significant mosquito bite-deterring activity against Aedes aegypti and Anopheles stephensi in addition to repellent activity against host-seeking nymphs of the blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis. In the present study, structural modifications were performed on callicarpenal (1) in an effort to understand the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MISSISSIPPI UNIV UNIVERSITY, *INSECT CONTROL, SYNTHESIS, MODIFICATION, STRUCTURAL...
The major objective of this proposal is to calculate the 3-D, time dependent radiation field both within the ocean and in the atmosphere in the presence of a stochastically varying interface which may also be perturbed by sea foam, air bubbles, surfactants, rain, etc. This study will serve as the genesis to the future evolution of an inversion algorithm whereby one could reconstruct images that have been distorted by the interface between the atmosphere and the ocean or the ocean itself. This...
Topics: DTIC Archive, TEXAS A AND M UNIV COLLEGE STATION DEPT OF PHYSICS, *OCEANS, STOCHASTIC PROCESSES,...
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The thermal decomposition of RP-2 and mixtures of RP-2 with four different additives has been investigated. The mixtures with RP-2 contained one of the following: 5% trans-decahydronaphthalene (decalin); 5% 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene (tetralin); 5% 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline (THQ); 1% THQ; 0.5% THQ; 0.1% THQ; or 256 mg/L of the additive used to make JP-8+100 (the deg +100 additive). Decomposition reactions were performed in stainless steel ampoule reactors at temperatures from 375-deg C to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL INST OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY BOULDER CO, *STABILIZATION, *FUELS,...
Negating our enemy's capability to take advantage of Space-based capabilities is a basic objective in our Space control doctrine. The need to maintain the friendly use of Space while denying its use to our opponents will clearly be critical to Army Objective Force success on the future battlefield. Understanding how and why our adversary uses Space is an important aspect of the Space portion of our intelligence preparation of the battlespace (IPB) doctrine. Using that IPB to determine how to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY SPACE AND MISSILE DEFENSE COMMAND/ARMY FORCES STRATEGIC COMMAND HUNTSVILLE AL,...
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This thesis evaluates the applicability of a collective security system to Northeast Asian states as a means for regional stability in the future. The current bilateral security system will not fit with the future security environment because of three coming changes in this region: (1) Korean reunification; (2) a conspicuous reduction of the US security role; and (3) a future confrontational power structure between China and Japan. According to the theoretical perspectives of realists,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Park, Changhee, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *NATIONAL SECURITY,...
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It is easy to point fingers when it comes to our collective shortfalls in Stability, Security, Transition and Reconstruction (SSTR) planning and execution. Recent attempts at refining direction and organization have gone a long way towards developing constructs to achieve better unity of effort across USG entities, specifically the Departments of State and Defense. However, shortfalls remain in U.S. ability to plan and execute SSTR operations as dictated. This paper argues that DoD should lead...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI JOINT MILITARY OPERATIONS DEPT, *LEADERSHIP, *POSTWAR...
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MILITARY APPLICATIONS OF MEMS: Signal processing * Wireless Communication * Mass data storage * Sensors for maintenance and structural monitoring * Unattended sensors for tracking and surveillance * Biomedical sensors * Inertial measurements * Aerodynamic and hydrodynamic systems * Optical Fiber components and networks.
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY TANK AUTOMOTIVE RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERING CENTER WARREN MI,...
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CEMAP software is a wide-ranging solution to the many practical and logistical problems that analysts face when performing the basic data processing steps necessary for using analytic software. CEMAP transforms real-world source data into a form that is specifically formatted to the exacting requirements of particular social network analysis software. This report provides the concepts important to CEMAP as well as step-by-step instructions on how an analyst uses CEMAP as either a stand-alone or...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA INST OF SOFTWARE RESEARCH INTERNAT, *COMPUTER...
Napoleon shocked the Prussians at Jena. The Prussian generals could not conceive of an entity capable of defeating the system designed by Frederick the Great. Wedded to a scheme that brought them past successes, the Prussians were unable to see the new conditions confronting them. The Prussians never fully recognized the true extent of the mental rigidity and deterioration afflicting the generals until that October afternoon in 1806, at Jena and Auerstedt. The Prussian generals did not see what...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS UNIV QUANTICO VA SCHOOL OF ADVANCED WARFIGHTING (SAW), *MENTAL ABILITY,...
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We propose to continue our Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (UUV) work to investigate circulation and bottom morphology in tidal flats and surrounding environments. While these areas have traditionally been difficult to sample, UUVs with advanced sensor technology afford the opportunity to systematically study the dynamic components of these systems. Our deployments of the REMUS UUV in coastal waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico demonstrate the ability of this platform to operate...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CALIFORNIA POLYTECHNIC STATE UNIV SAN LUIS OBISPO, *UNDERWATER VEHICLES, *COASTAL...
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The world's two global satellite navigation systems, GPS and GLONASS, will both become operational during the early 1900's. Each will offer, independently of the other, precise location and time transfer continuously anywhere in the world and indeed in space itself. Many potential users, in particular the civil aviation community, are keenly interested in a joint GPS/GLONASS operation since it would offer substantial advantages in defining and maintaining the integrity of the navigation aid....
Topics: DTIC Archive, LEEDS UNIV (UNITED KINGDOM) DEPT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING, *TIME,...
Following severe burn injury, persistent inflammation perpetuated by surface eschar, bacterial colonisation and neutrophil proteolytic activity can impede normal healing and result in further tissue damage. Extracorporeal shock wave treatment (ESWT) has been shown in the clinical setting to promote the healing of burn and difficult to heal wounds; however, the mechanism is unclear. We investigated the role of ESWT on the early proinflammatory response using a severe, full-thickness and highly...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL MEDICAL RESERACH CENTER SILVER SPRING MD COMBAT CASUALTY CARE DEPT,...
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Observations made during the last ten years with the Chandra X-ray Observatory have shed much light on the cooling gas in the centers of clusters of galaxies and the role of active galactic nucleus (AGN) heating. Cooling of the hot intracluster medium in cluster centers can feed the supermassive black holes found in the nuclei of the dominant cluster galaxies leading to AGN outbursts which can reheat the gas, suppressing cooling and large amounts of star formation. AGN heating can come in the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC, *CLUSTERING, *GALAXIES, *OBSERVATORIES, *FEEDBACK,...
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The 15th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology was held April 27-30, 2009 on the campus of Wright State University in Dayton, Ohio. The Symposium Program consisted of a Keynote Address presented by Dr. Christopher Wickens, a speech by the AFRL Commander, Major General Curtis M. Bedke, two Plenary Panel Sessions, two Panel Sessions, two Symposium Sessions, 76 papers presented in 28 paper sessions, 48 posters presented in two poster sessions, and four full-day or half-day Workshops. A...
Topics: DTIC Archive, WRIGHT STATE UNIV DAYTON OH DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY, *SYMPOSIA, *APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY,...
We investigate the impact of node capture attacks on the confidentiality and integrity of network traffic. We map the compromise of network traffic to the flow of current through an electric circuit and propose a metric for quantifying the vulnerability of the traffic using the circuit mapping. We compute the vulnerability metric as a function of the routing and the cryptographic protocols used to secure the network traffic. We formulate the minimum cost node capture attack problem as a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, WASHINGTON UNIV SEATTLE NETWORK SECURITY LAB (NSL), *DATA TRANSMISSION SECURITY,...
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Contains information on the National Environmental Policy Act, the Clean Water Act, the Clean Air Act, the Endangered Species Act, the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act,
Topics: DTIC Archive, JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL'S SCHOOL CHARLOTTESVILLE VA ADMINISTRATIVE AND CIVIL LAW DIV,...
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Nested non-assimilative simulations of the West Florida Shelf for 2004-2005 are used to quantify the impact of initial and boundary conditions provided by Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment ocean products. Simulations are nested within an optimum interpolation hindcast of the Atlantic Ocean, the initial test of the US Navy Coupled Ocean Data Assimilation system for the Gulf of Mexico, and a global ocean hindcast that used the latter assimilation system. These simulations are compared to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB STENNIS SPACE CENTER MS OCEANOGRAPHY DIV, *OCEAN MODELS,...
This report describes sample design, sample selection, weighting, and variance estimation procedures for the 2008 Post-Election Voting Survey of Unit Voting Assistance Officers. The first section of this report describes the design and selection of sample. The second section provides information on weighting and variance estimation. The final section describes the calculation of response rates, location rates, and completion rates for the full sample and for population subgroups.
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENSE MANPOWER DATA CENTER ARLINGTON VA, *ELECTIONS, *SURVEYS, *METHODOLOGY,...
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Sleep-related fatigue has negative effects on both human performance and decision making. Pilots are particularly vulnerable to these adverse effects due to the environment and operational requirements, which entails both long and irregular duty cycles. The Air National Guard received funding from Office of the Secretary of Defense, Defense Safety Oversight Council to create FlyAwake, a software application that predicts aircrew fatigue based on circadian cycles. FlyAwake uses the Sleep,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *FLIGHT CREWS, *SLEEP, *SCHEDULING,...
For over a decade, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and the Department of Defense (DoD) have been working on initiatives to share electronic health information. To expedite their efforts, Congress mandated in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 that VA and DoD establish a joint interagency program office to act as a single point of accountability in the development of electronic health records systems or capabilities that allow for full interoperability...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC, *MILITARY PERSONNEL, *COMPUTER FILES,...
Recently, Congress passed legislation that amended the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) to extend military criminal jurisdiction over civilians accompanying the force. This has raised a multitude of issues, which the armed forces and contractors who support contingency operations need to sort through. This paper will examine the historic context for contractors on the battlefield, the problems associated with the lack of criminal jurisdiction over civilians, and the issues driven by the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, UNITED STATES JOINT FORCES COMMAND SUFFOLK VA JOINT CENTER FOR OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS,...
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During the year progress was made in a number of directions: (1) The investigators developed in significant detail a language for representing an agent's understanding of aspects of how a device works, and also developed a compiler which can produce a diagnostic expert problem solving system from this deep level functional representation. (2) The researchers continued their investigation of how design knowledge can be organized as plans and design problem solving can be viewed as design...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Chandrasekaran,B, OHIO STATE UNIV RESEARCH FOUNDATION COLUMBUS, *PROBLEM SOLVING,...
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THINGS TO DO ON YOUR FIRST DAY AS A SCEP: In process * Attend training * Meet with Pame Watts and Colin Wasiloff * Learn how to change your schedule, input your courses into TEDs * Obtain and begin filling out your Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) * Obtain a Welcome book * Read through this document
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY TANK AUTOMOTIVE RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERING CENTER WARREN MI, *CAREERS,...
On January 14, 2009, the Navy announced that it wants to transfer one of its nuclear-powered aircraft carriers (CVNs) to the Navy home port at Mayport, Florida, known formally as Naval Station (NAVSTA) Mayport. On April 10, 2009, the Department of Defense (DoD) announced that it had decided to delay a final decision on whether to propose transferring a CVN to Mayport until it reviews the issue as part of its 2009-2010 Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR). The Navy's proposed FY2010 budget requests...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE, *TRANSFER,...
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Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed and second most deadly cancer in North American men and the blockade of androgen action through the AR has been the cornerstone of systemic therapy of prostate cancer. The failure of AR receptor antagonists results in higher levels of AR protein which promotes the development of androgen-independent prostate cancer. Originally we proposed the utilization of micro (mi) RNAs to blockade the expression of AR in prostate carcinoma cells. We have...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CLEVELAND STATE UNIV OH, *ANDROGENS, *RECEPTOR SITES(PHYSIOLOGY), *PROSTATE CANCER,...
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Task: Assess optional Defense Management Models and identify factors that will drive the next Secretary's management approach.
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENSE BUSINESS BOARD WASHINGTON DC, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, *MANAGEMENT, HUMAN...
The area south of the Shandong peninsula has been of great interest to both oceanographers and underwater acousticians due to the measurements of Zhou et al. [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 90 (1991) 2042]. Over a period of years, in the summer, they observed anomalous losses in shallow water acoustic signals. They attributed the losses to acoustic mode conversions produced by solitary internal waves (solitons). Their hypothesis remains unsubstantiated due to a scarcity of oceanographic measurements in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB STENNIS SPACE CENTER MS, *COUPLING(INTERACTION), *SIMULATION,...
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The kingdom of Saudi Arabia, ruled by the Al Saud family since its founding in 1932, wields significant political and economic influence as the birthplace of the Islamic faith and by virtue of its large energy reserves. Since 2005, King Abdullah bin Abd al Aziz Al Saud has sought to strengthen Saudi relations with European and Asian counterparts and has worked to build and lead an Arab consensus on regional security issues such as Lebanon and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Domestic reforms...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE, *INTERNATIONAL...
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The Joint Chiefs of Staff are designated as the principal military advisors to the President and the Secretary of Defense. In this capacity they provide advice concerning not only the development and employment of arms but also proposals to control arms. Yet as Richard Burt noted before joining the State Department, 'Understandably, the military services viewed arms control as part of a larger threat to their traditional prerogatives. By framing military issues as arms control problems,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA, *ARMS CONTROL, *MILITARY ADVISORS, UNITED STATES...
The overall goal of this work is to correlate the imaging information from the dual-modality, dedicated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and computed tomography device with the results of random periareolar fine needle aspiration (rpFNA) in women at high risk for breast cancer. To maximize the information gained from this collaborative study, the whole breast will be imaged prior to rpFNA and the needles will be imaged after aspiration has been collected. In this first year of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DUKE UNIV DURHAM NC, *BREAST CANCER, DETECTION, WOMEN, MAMMARY GLANDS, NEEDLES, IMAGE...
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This report covers investigations of adhesive coatings, contact pressures, and depth control of micro-transfer printing (MTP) on Electro-Active paper (EAPap) and the micro-molding of cellulose EAPap, suitable to production of micro-electronics, such as inertia sensors.
Topics: DTIC Archive, INHA UNIV INCHEON (SOUTH KOREA), *CELLULOSE, *PAPER, *MICROSENSORS, BIODEGRADATION,...
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The Exon-Florio provision grants the President the authority to block the proposed or pending foreign acquisitions of persons engaged in interstate commerce in the United States that threaten to impair the national security. This provision came under intense scrutiny with the proposed acquisitions in 2006 of major operations in six major U.S. ports by Dubai Ports World and of Unocal by a Chinese corporation. The debate that followed reignited long-standing differences among Members of Congress...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE, *INVESTMENTS,...
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Nonlinear interfacial roughness elements - sharp crested waves, breaking waves as well as the foam, subsurface bubbles and spray they produce, contribute substantially to the distortion of the optical transmission through the air-sea interface. These common surface roughness features occur on a wide range of length scales, from the dominant sea state down to capillary waves. Wave breaking signatures range from large whitecaps with their residual passive foam, down to the ubiquitous centimeter...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MASSACHUSETTS UNIV AMHERST DEPT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE, *OCEAN WAVES, OCEAN SURFACE,...
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The peanut plant (Arachis hypogaea L.), when infected by a microbial pathogen, is capable of producing stilbenederived compounds that are considered antifungal phytoalexins. In addition, the potential health benefits of other stilbenoids from peanuts, including resveratrol and pterostilbene, have been acknowledged by several investigators. Despite considerable progress in peanut research, relatively little is known about the biological activity of the stilbenoid phytoalexins. This study...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE DAWSON GA NATIONAL PEANUT RESEARCH LAB, *ANTIOXIDANTS,...
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Our objective is to develop a biodegradable ZnO nanomaterial platform (mainly focusing on the nanowire [NW] morphology) for efficient vasculature targeting of BCa metastasis, and to optimize its optical property and conjugation chemistry for non-invasive dual-modality tracking (PET and optical). The overarching hypothesis is that suitably functionalized ZnO NWs can have long circulation lifetime and efficient tumor targeting for future drug delivery applications in treating BCa metastasis....
Topics: DTIC Archive, WISCONSIN UNIV MADISON, *BREAST CANCER, *IN VIVO ANALYSIS, *ZINC OXIDES,...
Knowing the future weather on the battlefield with high certainty can result in a higher advantage over the adversary. To create this advantage for the United States, the U.S. Navy utilizes the Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS) to create high spatial resolution, regional, numerical weather prediction (NWP) forecasts. To compute a forecast, COAMPS runs on high performance computing (HPC) systems. These HPC systems are large, dedicated supercomputers with little...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *CLOUD COMPUTING, *TEACHING MACHINES, *VIRTUAL...
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Approximately 70 percent of all U.S. military training lands are located in arid and semi-arid areas. Training activities in such areas frequently adversely affect vegetation, damaging plants and reducing the resilience of vegetation to recover once disturbed. Fugitive dust resulting from a loss of vegetation creates additional problems for human health, increasing accidents due to decreased visibility, and increasing maintenance costs for roads, vehicles, and equipment. Under conventional...
Topics: DTIC Archive, BECHTEL NEVADA INC LAS VEGAS NV, *ARID LAND, *RECLAMATION, COSTS, DECISION SUPPORT...
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A virtual, all-season test site for use in real-time vehicle simulators and mobility models was constructed of an Army firing range in Northern Vermont. The virtual terrain will mimic the terrain of our Virtual Data Acquisition and Test Site (VDATS) at Ethan Allen Firing Range (EAFR). The objective is to realistically simulate on- and off-road vehicle performance in all weather conditions for training and vehicle design for the US Army. To this end, several spatial datasets were needed to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY TANK-AUTOMOTIVE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER WARREN MI NATIONAL AUTOMOTIVE...
High shear stresses are known to trigger destructive bond-scission reactions in polymers. Recent work has shown that the same shear forces can be used to accelerate non-destructive reactions in mechanophores along polymer backbones, and it is demonstrated here that such mechanochemical reactions can be used to strengthen a polymer subjected to otherwise destructive shear forces. Polybutadiene was functionalized with dibromocyclopropane mechanophores, whose mechanical activation generates...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ILLINOIS UNIV AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN, *MECHANICAL PROPERTIES, *POLYMERS,...
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The continent of Africa is important to U.S. national security interests. Long known for its influence over critical choke points and sea lines of communication, Africa is increasingly known as a land of vast stretches of under-governed spaces, burgeoning terrorist groups, world-class deposits of strategic minerals and petroleum, and the continent most affected by climate change. It is also known for high population growth rates and troubled governments struggling to maintain legitimacy. Many...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA CENTER FOR STRATEGIC LEADERSHIP, *AFRICA,...
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Numerous organizational mergers fail because the post-merger integration process fails: this research responds by investigating the concealed relationship of the known, premerger organizational characteristics, on the unknown, post-merger consequences. Various structural and behavioral characteristics of the merging organizations are studied to measure their association with two decisive outcomes: the integration of the distinctive cultures and the combined organization s performance....
Topics: DTIC Archive, CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA INST FOR SOFTWARE RESEARCH, *ORGANIZATIONS,...
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have become an important component of military aviation operations and skilled UAV operators are a valuable part of this component. Currently there is a need for improved methods of facilitating the development of mission level skills among operators, including target identification and maintenance of navigational awareness. Toward this aim, we examined the extent to which transient neurophysiological states could be used as an index of engagement within a visual...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC, *PRECURSORS, *REMOTELY PILOTED VEHICLES, *TARGET...
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The Workshop included attendance and discussions by about twenty-five YPG personnel including Test Officers (personnel responsible for conducting and coordinating test operations at YPG), YPG Test Branch Directors, and range technicians. Other personnel included five DRI staff (representing expertise in hydrology, modeling, geology, civil engineering, soil science), and representatives from the US Military Academy, and Strategic Planning, Test Resource Management Center. The workshop provided...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DESERT RESEARCH INST RENO NV, *TEST FACILITIES, SOILS, TERRAIN, TEST AND EVALUATION,...
The objective of this study was to determine the irritative potential of two petroleum derived operational jet fuels and four alternative fuels following a single exposure to the skin of New Zealand White rabbits. Operational fuels included two JP-8 formulations: JP-8 containing 21.25 mass percent aromatic components as a baseline control for the study and a second high aromatic (HA) JP-8 containing 28.05 mass percent aromatics for comparison with higher aromatic alternative fuels. The...
Topics: DTIC Archive, HENRY M JACKSON FOUNDATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF MILITARY MEDICINE WRIGHT-PATTERSON...
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This paper will review a current research and development effort aimed at developing a small form factor cylindrical PZT Ferro Electric Generator (FEG). Two options will be discussed shaping the PZT crystal into a conic section and shaping the acoustic pulse from the explosive wave train, both techniques will be discussed in terms of ease of implementation, fabrication and performance achieved. We will also discuss corona induced failure in FEG devices and methods to mitigate this effect....
Topics: DTIC Archive, RADIANCE TECHNOLOGIES INC HUNTSVILLE AL, *ELECTRIC GENERATORS, ACOUSTIC WAVES,...
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How efficiently can the ground state of a local Hamiltonian be computed? This is a question that lies at the heart of an emerging area called quantum Hamiltonian complexity, that addresses fundamental issues in both quantum complexity theory and condensed matter physics. Of particular importance are 1D Hamiltonians. We give a new combinatorial approach to proving the area law for 1D systems via the detectability lemma, in the process exponentially improving on Hastings' bounds in the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CALIFORNIA UNIV BERKELEY, *QUANTUM THEORY, HAMILTONIAN FUNCTIONS
Ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) fibers such as Dyneema and Spectra are seeing more use in lightweight armor applications due to higher tensile strength and lower density compared with aramid fibers such as Kevlar and Twaron. Numerical modeling is used to design more effective fiber-based composite armor. For accurate simulation of ballistic impacts, material response such as tensile stress-strain of the composite constituents must be studied under experimental conditions...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD WEAPONS AND MATERIALS RESEARCH...
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History illustrates that genocide is a reoccurring phenomenon. A variety of indicators suggest that the potential for the US to deploy military forces to prevent or stop genocide or mass atrocity is increasing. Continued involvement in limited warfare, recent events in Libya and Syria, the identification of preventing and stopping mass atrocities as a national interest, the creation of the Atrocities Prevention Board, and the introduction of mass atrocity response operations joint doctrine are...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED...
Prior research has shown that the endurance of small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) can be significantly extended using thin film photovoltaic cells. The different power requirements of the RQ-11B Raven variants are explored in this thesis, and it is demonstrated that a CuInGaS2 (CIGS) solar array adhered to the wing of an RQ-11B not only extends the flight time but also expands the payload capacity of the platform. Power requirements and existing endurance of the digital variant of the RQ-11B...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *DRONES, ELECTRIC POWER PRODUCTION,...
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Periodically, the US Army conducts detailed measurement surveys of its soldiers as a way to understand the impact that changes in soldier body size have for the design, fit and sizing of virtually every piece of clothing and equipment that Soldiers wear and use in combat. Recently finished US Army Anthropometric Survey (ANSUR II) has collected 3D body scan data of soldiers at the Natick Solider Center (NSC), as shown in Figure 1. By applying new techniques for shape analysis and classification...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NORTHEASTERN UNIV BOSTON MA, *CLASSIFICATION, DECOMPOSITION, HUMAN BODY,...
This document is the Final Report of the AMIGO Clinical Study: Attrition rates among Military beneficiaries undergoing Intensive Group Outpatient pre-diabetes care funded by AFMSA SG5I. This Final Report discusses the challenges that led to the early closure of the study along with lessons learned and future recommendations. The purpose of this study was to decrease the incidence of progression from pre-diabetes to diabetes by evaluating the impact a lifestyle coach has on a pre-diabetic...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE MEDICAL GROUP (779TH) JOINT BASE ANDREWS MD, *DIABETES, *OUTPATIENT...
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Real-time citizen interaction is transforming crisis response. Social media (e.g., Facebook, Twitter) provide natural avenue for citizen engagement with law enforcement / emergency management during a crisis. Social media can support real-time collaboration. Simulation test of citizen participation in crisis response is proposed.
Topics: DTIC Archive, GEORGE MASON UNIV FAIRFAX VA DEPT OF SYSTEMS ENGINEERING AND OPERATIONS RESEARCH,...
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This Coastal and Hydraulics Engineering Technical Note (CHETN) will present the hardware and methodology for monitoring navigation on inland waterways using video cameras and time-lapse video recorders. This method is being used on several projects by ERDC Principal Investigators to record the path, orientation, and speed of tows and ships navigating U.S. inland waterways. This method has proved to be a quick and inexpensive method to document navigation conditions in open river conditions as...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER VICKSBURG MS COASTAL AND HYDRAULICS LAB,...
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Control of interfacial interactions leads to a dramatic change in shape and morphology for particles based on poly(styrene-b-2-vinylpyridine) diblock copolymers. Key to these changes is the addition of Au-based surfactant nanoparticles (SNPs) which are adsorbed at the interface between block copolymer-containing emulsion droplets and the surrounding amphiphilic surfactant to afford asymmetric, ellipsoid particles. The mechanism of formation for these novel nanostructures was investigated by...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CALIFORNIA UNIV SANTA BARBARA, *BLOCK COPOLYMERS, COLLOIDS, DROPS, ELLIPSOIDS,...
The more an organization develops complex systems to perform increasingly complex tasks, the more challenging problems become and increasingly difficult to solve. This thesis recommends to the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) a better framework to solve these complex, multisystem problems through systems thinking and a new approach to this way of thinking, called Theory U. This thesis describes the types of problems that require managers to change their approach to problem solving. In...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND PUBLIC POLICY,...
Self-attribution is a public declaration of responsibility for the conduct of an operation. It is distinguished from covert operations, where perpetrators provide no such acknowledgement and attempt to conceal their identities. Although self-attribution is always an option, this thesis examines legal and strategic reasons for a nation state to publically acknowledge its role in the conduct of a cyber-operation. The central result is that whereas neither international law nor national policy...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *CYBERWARFARE, COVERT OPERATIONS, ETHICS,...
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The coordination of multifunction phased array radars across networked platforms can enable superior functionality and battle space awareness. This thesis formulates and solves a number of optimization models and heuristic algorithms to analyze and prescribe radar-to-target assignments and schedules. One optimization model uses full target information to provide a best case assessment of the ability of a given set of radar platforms to track a collection of targets. A modified version of this...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF OPERATIONS RESEARCH, *ALGORITHMS,...
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The terrorist attack in 2001 left the United States with a sense of vulnerability and generated both demand and need to protect the nation. Fortifying the border has created diminishing returns. In addition, it has created negative side effects and unintended consequences that undermine the very nature and reason for installing border fences. Immigrants have been forced into the hands of criminal organizations and are more vulnerable now than in the past. Building a wall has deterred some...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA CENTER FOR HOMELAND DEFENSE AND SECURITY,...
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This thesis analyzes the effects of different enlistment age on the first-term attrition for U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps enlisted personnel with non-prior service and prior service that attrited between fiscal years of 1995 and 2013. Two separate probit models were used to analyze attrition behavior. The first model was formed to analyze the effect of age at entry on the first-term attrition for four forces. The second model focuses on the attrition based on the character...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *AGING(PHYSIOLOGY), *ATTRITION, *ENLISTED...