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Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive

ERIC

The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is an internet-based digital library of education research and information sponsored by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education. ERIC provides access to bibliographic records of journal and non-journal literature from 1966 to the present. ERIC also contains a growing collection of materials in Adobe PDF format. ERIC's mission is to provide a comprehensive, easy-to-use, searchable Internet-based bibliographic ...



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Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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This set of instructional materials is designed to provide beginning and intermediate learners of Haitian Creole with a foundation in the phonology, grammar, and vocabulary of the language. It is intended for use by individuals wanting to communicate with monolingual Haitians. A revision of earlier materials, this set emphasizes authentic representation of Haitian language and culture, focuses on interpersonal communication needs, and uses an officialized spelling, which is explained in the...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Communicative Competence (Languages), Daily Living Skills, Dialogs...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Dec 5, 2021 ERIC
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THE BEHAVIOR OF 16 CHILDREN THREE TO FIVE YEARS OLD AT THE TIME THEIR PARENTS WERE BEING SEPARATED AND DIVORCED WAS OBSERVED IN A PRIVATE, INDEPENDENT NURSERY SCHOOL. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY WERE TO DISCOVER--(1) IF THE DIVORCE PERIOD IS A TIME OF SIGNIFICANT STRESS FOR THE CHILDREN, (2) HOW THE DIVORCE AFFECTS THE BEHAVIOR OF CHILDREN, (3) HOW THE CHILD ADAPTS HIMSELF TO THE SITUATION, AND (4) HOW THE SCHOOL CAN ASSIST THE CHILD TO COPE WITH STRESSES IN THIS PERIOD. DATA WAS OBTAINED FROM THE...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavior Change, Childhood Attitudes, Females, Males, Marital Instability, Nursery...
A study of Black American spirituals focuses on African linguistic patterns that have persisted in them. The analysis begins with a brief account of the history and nature of Black spirituals, the sacred songs created by Americans of African descent during the time of slavery (1619-1864). Six elements of spirituals are identified and discussed, including the distinctive rhythm and percussion, melodies derived from African melodies, typical harmonies, repetition patterns, use of improvisation,...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, African Languages, Black Dialects, Diachronic Linguistics, Folk Culture, Grammar,...
This monograph discusses some basic concepts and reviews some of the more salient research findings dealing with equality of educational opportunity. Major emphasis of the author's inquiry is on how educational opportunity and educational attainment relate to social background. Chapter 1 attempts to clarify what is meant by equality of educational opportunity. Chapter 2 discusses the relationship between IQ and educational attainment, on the one hand, and occupational success. Chapter 3 argues...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Ability, Academic Achievement, Bibliographies, Educational Opportunities,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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The following is taken from the Publisher's Note: "Long out of print since it was originally published in 1942 by the U.S. Government Printing Office, this classic work on Federal Indian law, and the whole legal history of Indian-white relations, is here republished in a facsimile edition. It is, as Felix Frankfurter observed, the only book that has ever made sense and order from 'the vast hodgepodge of treaties, statutes, judicial and administrative rulings, and unrecorded practice in...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, American Indian Reservations, American Indians, Community Control, Education, Federal...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Dec 19, 2020 ERIC
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The term "Mien" is used to describe several mountain peoples of Southeast Asia, who migrated from China in the 18th and 19th centuries. Their strong family structure serves their agricultural way of life. The language, though tonal, exhibits many similarities to English. Religious beliefs are animistic, centering around spirits of ancestors, the home, and nature. Mythological designs find their way into artwork, which is predominantly bodily adornments. The several names given to boys...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Background, English (Second Language), History, Indochinese, Refugees, Sino...
The 49 papers in these two volumes were prepared to assist the Commission on Workforce Quality and Labor Market Efficiency in making recommendations for improving the U.S. work force. The papers summarize existing research and make recommendations on subjects reflecting seven Commission tasks: (1) examine the roles and effectiveness of privately and publicly provided job training and education; (2) determine the best mechanisms to keep education and training providers informed of changing skill...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Basic Skills, Compensation (Remuneration), Efficiency, Employed...
In an address to the National Council on Measurement in Education, R. M. Jaeger (1987) commented that there appears to be a fundamental difference in measurement philosophy between those on the two sides of the debate over the Rasch model. Jaeger's observations are explicated by contrasting the views on measurement of B. D. Wright and E. F. Lindquist with relation to the interpretation each has of the validation of constructs as considered by C. Cherryholmes (1988). Lindquist conceives of test...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Construct Validity, Content Validity, Educational Assessment, Item Response Theory,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Feb 24, 2020 ERIC
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This course description was developed by educators for use at the Work Opportunity Center which was established to teach high school dropouts and/or hard-core unemployed youth. The ultimate objectives of this course are to prepare students for employment in dry cleaning occupations and to assist them in completing their high school graduation requirements. Instruction in marking, invoicing, and customer service is on an individualized basis conducted in an innovative atmosphere of...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Annotated Bibliographies, Course Descriptions, Course Objectives, Curriculum Guides,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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This document consists of 32 consecutive issues of Mid-Western Educational Researcher, published quarterly from 1991 through 1998. Mid-Western Educational Researcher is a scholarly journal that publishes research-based articles addressing a full range of educational issues. The journal also publishes literature reviews, theoretical and methodological discussions that make an original contribution to the research literature, and feature columns. Each year, one issue is a program for the...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Assessment, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Oct 28, 2019 ERIC
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Counting, naming numbers, numerals, computation, and fractions are the topics covered in this pamphlet. Number lore and interesting number properties are noted; the derivation of some arithmetic terms is briefly discussed. (DT)
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary School Mathematics, History, Mathematical Enrichment, Mathematics,...
This document is a collection of reports presented at a programable calculator symposium held in Seattle, Washington, in April, 1980, as part of the annual meeting of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM). The session was designed to review whether the programable calculator has a place in the school mathematics program, in light of the current availability of the microcomputer. The presentations at the symposium supported the view that such calculators do have a role to play...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Calculators, Discovery Learning, Educational Technology, Instructional Materials,...
Composting is a lesson developed for a sludge treatment and disposal course. The lesson discusses the basic theory of composting and the basic operation, in a step-by-step sequence, of the two typical composting procedures: windrow and forced air static pile. The lesson then covers basic monitoring and operational procedures. The instructor's manual contains a brief description of the lesson, estimated time, instructional materials list, suggested sequence of presentation, required reading...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Instructional Materials, Laboratory Procedures, Postsecondary Education, Sludge,...
Realizing that the Cold War is a topic that often is neglected as time runs short at the end of a school year, a group of University of Kansas (Lawrence) educators sought to create effective classroom materials for secondary/community college instructors to teach about the Cold War. The group's main goal was to create a flexible model that encouraged study of the topic for the amount of time available. This Cold War learning packet provides materials and directions to guide students through a...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum Enrichment, Foreign Countries, High Schools, International Relations,...
The act of exemplary teaching requires the orchestration of subject matter knowledge and pedagogical knowledge with pedagogical content knowledge. If this last component is not sufficiently present, then we may be quite efficient in presenting students with rote information. If this last component is sufficiently present (and carried out well), then students are afforded the opportunity to construct meaning from symbols and images in a manner that allows them to "see" (like a...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Cooperative Programs, Educational Change, Educational Cooperation, Educational...
This study is situated within a self-study research methods course to scaffold doctoral students' explorations of the intersections of their culture, and research interests using arts as a tool. Embracing the arts as a research method, the first author painted a self-portrait using the vibrant colors of Madhubani art which holds cultural significance to her. She utilized Blumer's (1986) and Mead's (1934) theory of symbolic interactionism to explain the process of her self-development as a...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Portraiture, Research Methodology, Researchers, Educational Research, Qualitative...
This report sets forth certain conclusions reached by the Special Constitutional Convention Study Committee of the American Bar Association after conducting a two-year study. The committee was formed to evaluate the ramifications of the constitutional convention method of initiating amendments to the U. S. Constitution as set down in Article 5. It analyzed and studied all aspects of law concerned with calling a national constitutional convention. Particular attention was given to the question...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Change Agents, Change Strategies, Civics, Constitutional History, Constitutional Law,...
This issue of the Courier contains articles loosely connected to each other by the underlying theme of developing people's capacity to improve the quality of their lives. The following articles are included: "Development of Human Resources--A Basic Needs Approach," by Mohiuddin Ahmad; "Rural Poverty," by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization; "Overseas Students--Educating for Development or Privilege?" by Chris Duke; "Kemas: Kemajuan...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Developing Nations, Economic Development,...
The General Electric (GE) Early Years Initiative, a grant-funded GE Fund, GE's corporate Foundation and GE Elfun, GE's international program created by volunteer organization, has helped elementary school students improve their reading skills through the use of volunteers since 1994. This publication describes Early Years projects, provides program information, and lists participating locations and program contacts. The bulk of the book is comprised of program descriptions and program...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Cooperative Programs, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Grants,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Oct 6, 2017 ERIC
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Students in communication classes find it useful to study Madonna because she is a fascinating and prolific cultural figure whose merit and intentions are matters of great controversy. As the quintessential music-video star, she is also perhaps the medium's most significant auteur. In the areas of women's roles, motherhood, sexuality, race and religion, Madonna critiques and challenges widespread beliefs while at the same time reinforcing some of them. In her video "Like a Virgin,"...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Blacks, Females, Higher Education, Racial Attitudes, Racial Integration, Racial...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Apr 6, 2017 ERIC
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This competency-based curriculum guide for teachers addresses the skills a technician will need to service microwave ovens and to provide customer relations to help retain the customer's confidence in the product and trust in the service company that performs the repair. The guide begins with a task analysis, listing 20 cognitive tasks and 5 psychomotor tasks for microwave oven orientation and 14 cognitive tasks and 28 psychomotor tasks for microwave oven troubleshooting and repair. A listing...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Appliance Repair, Competency Based Education, Electrical Appliances, Electrical...
This document presents a teaching package designed to introduce students in grades one through five to Chinese painting methods and equipment. Prepared in conjunction with an exhibition of paintings by child prodigy Wang Yani titled "The Brush of Innocence," the package consists of a teacher's activity plan unit, a slide set of art works by Wang Yani, an activity book for children, and a teacher evaluation form. The package is organized into five sections: (1) an introduction to the...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Aesthetic Education, Art Appreciation, Art Education, Artists, Childrens Art, Chinese...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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This annual volume of the Community College Humanities Review (CCHR) presents a wide range of articles dealing with humanities--from Lloyd Kaplan's attempts to set the record straight (by presenting a more accurate appraisal and a truer perspective of Dave Brubeck's outstanding contribution to the course of jazz) to Walter Krieglstein's exploration of recent discoveries in basic science (by attempting to evaluate their potential as a stimulus for cross-fertilization between the sciences and the...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Colleges, Educational Strategies, Humanities, Interdisciplinary Approach,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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Fundamentals of missile and nuclear weapons systems are presented in this book which is primarily prepared as the second text of a three-volume series for students of the Navy Reserve Officers' Training Corps and the Officer Candidate School. Following an introduction to guided missiles and nuclear physics, basic principles and theories are discussed with a background of the factors affecting missile flight, airframes, missile propulsion systems, control components and systems, missile...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Instructional Materials, Mechanical Equipment, Military Schools, Military Science,...
The State University System of Florida has developed three tools that aid in guiding the System's future: (1) The Board of Governors' new "Strategic Plan 2012-2025" is driven by goals and associated metrics that stake out where the System is headed; (2) The Board's "Annual Accountability Report" provides yearly tracking for how the System is progressing toward its goals; and (3) Institutional "Work Plans" connect the two and create an opportunity for greater...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Strategic Planning, Institutional Mission, Institutional Characteristics, Goal...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Jul 19, 2016 ERIC
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THIS REVIEW OF THE STATUS OF THE EDUCATION OF THE AMERICAN NEGRO POINTS OUT THAT HISTORICALLY HIS SCHOOLING AND EDUCATION HAVE BEEN SHAPED BY FORCES OVER WHICH HE HAS HAD VERY LITTLE CONTROL. THE REVIEW DESCRIBES THE NEGRO'S MODEST EDUCATIONAL BEGINNINGS DURING THE COLONIAL PERIOD (PRIMARILY DEVOTED TO RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION) AND PRE- AND POST-CIVIL WAR DEVELOPMENTS. THE GREATEST EFFORT TOWARD ESTABLISHING SCHOOLS FOR NEGROES OCCURRED DURING THE RECONSTRUCTION ERA, MAINLY UNDER CHURCH...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Education, Black History, Civil War (United States), Colleges, Colonial History...
On January 20, 2009, essentially 200 years after the enactment of the embargo against the slave trade, 40 years after the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., Barack Hussein Obama became the 44th President of the United States of America. Using the one drop rule for racial designation which has prevailed in the USA for most of its history, America had elected its first black President. Using the new standard created by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2000, America now had its first commonly...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Social Justice, United States History, Race, Criticism, Slavery, Presidents, Racial...
Exponential, and logarithmic functions are pivotal mathematical concepts that play central roles in advanced mathematics. Unfortunately, these are also concepts that give students serious difficulty. This report describe a theory of how students acquire an understanding of these functions by prescribing a set of mental constructions that a student can make to develop his or her understanding of these concepts. We analyze students' understanding of these concepts within the context of our...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Concept Formation, Curriculum Design, Learning Problems, Learning Strategies,...
Virtual reality exposure has recently emerged as an important tool for exposure therapy in the treatment of fear of flying. There have been numerous empirical studies that have evaluated the effectiveness of virtual reality exposure as compared to other treatments including in vivo exposure, progressive muscle relaxation, cognitive therapy, bibliotherapy, and supportive group therapy. The results of two case studies and eight outcome trials have indicated that virtual reality exposure is...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Anxiety, Fear, Travel, Air Transportation, Desensitization, Behavior Modification,...
The revolution in two-way broadband communications envisioned for the future includes remote access to libraries, interactive educational programing, shopping at home, personal and property security, and many other services limited only by man's imagination and his ability to deliver the service at a price the consumer is willing and able to pay. The most significant attributes of cable television (CATV) program origination are its ability to appeal to selective viewer interests and its ability...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Audiences, Broadcast Industry, Cable Television, Income, Mass Media, Programing...
Designed for those with teaching skills as well as those without and for those with backgrounds in nutrition and those without, this handbook provides information on how to organize and conduct nutrition education and cooking training for the chronically mentally ill. The first section describes the pilot program which developed the handbook, including setting, client characteristics, general discussion of lessons and educational methods, program costs, evaluation, and sources of informational...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Vocational Education, Classroom Techniques, Community Programs, Cooking...
A second grade teacher in a rural Appalachian school draws heavily on familiar regional literature and the children's own rich mountain heritage and culture to teach reading to her students, covering the required basal readings in only one day per week. Students use the basals on Mondays and retell the texts on paper. They spend the rest of the week writing stories, reading them, and sharing them with other students. Every week they have a real radio show where they read and tell their own...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Basal Reading, Beginning Reading, Beginning Writing, Class Activities, Grade 2,...
Ludwig Wittgenstein's theory of language games, although largely undeveloped, can provide the basis for a useful analogy between the composition process and the playing of a game. Teachers can motivate students to write by presenting the composition process as a language game. The following points should prove helpful in accomplishing this end: no game is as much fun when it is first being learned as it is after it has been mastered; people know whether they have lost in any game; in the early...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, College Freshmen, Educational Games, Educational Theories, English Instruction,...
Traditionally, educational administration is a technology of administrative control that systematically ignores both educational issues and those social and cultural issues that lie at the heart of people's commitment to, or alienation from, educational institutions. These social and cultural inequalities are investigated in a series of essays on educational administration that analyze the consequences of the imposition of an administration conceived as a technology of control. A discussion of...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrative Principles, Bureaucracy, Cultural Influences, Educational...
This book describes various aspects of the historical development of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The first chapter, entitled "Origins," sketches the factors leading up to authorization of the BLS in June 1884. A chapter entitled "Carroll Wright: Setting the Course" discusses the views and contributions of the BLS's first commissioner. The next chapter covers the studies for economic and social reform that were undertaken during the administration of the bureau's...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Agency Role, Background, Economic Change, Economic Climate, Employment Statistics,...
Although some researchers have distinguished the concepts of pain and suffering and despite the recent rise of many centers for pain management in the United States, medical educators and practitioners have given little attention to the topic of suffering. In the studies which have been conducted, patients differed in styles of coping with and interpreting the pain experience. A review of the literature identified 11 attitudes and corresponding subscales which could be used to investigate...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attitudes, Attribution Theory, Coping, Locus of Control, Older Adults, Religious...
In recent years the role of investment in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) as an effective tool to raise educational standards has attracted growing attention from both policy makers and academic researchers. While the former tend to express enthusiastic claims about the use of new technologies in schools, the latter have raised concerns about the methodological validity of much of the research undertaken. The view that ICT could help to raise educational standards dates back to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Outcomes of Education, School Districts, Educational Change, Educational Technology,...
Chormmunity is a group's collaborative, embodied text-making. It explores interfacings of intention, metaphor, empowerment, inspiration, vision, negotiation, collusion, the propositional, the practical, the experiential, the presentational, the tacit, the sociological, the psychological, epistemology, methodology, and ontology. Chormmunity is liberatory pedagogy; it invites meaning schemes and perspectives to be wrought via community, creativity, and the body. Many thinkers and philosophers...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Development, Adult Education, Adult Learning, Body Language, Cooperation,...
Hopa Mountain's StoryMakers program is an innovative, research-based program for donating high quality young children's books to parents. Hopa Mountain is a nonprofit organization based in Bozeman, Montana. Hopa Mountain works with groups of rural and tribal citizen leaders who form StoryMakers Community Teams to talk one-on-one with local parents about the importance of reading, singing, and talking with their children on a daily basis and to provide them with children's books and early...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Childrens Literature, Books, Donors, Nonprofit Organizations, Rural Areas, Literacy,...
The greater New Orleans area has yet to fully recover from the effects of Hurricane Katrina, which made landfall on August 29, 2005. One issue of concern in the recovery is the availability of mental health services for children. It is estimated that in 2008 about 187,000 children were living in the greater New Orleans area. Many children in the greater New Orleans area experienced psychological trauma as a result of Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath, and studies have shown that such trauma...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Health Services, Psychological Patterns, Mental Health Programs, Grants, Mental...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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In the elementary and secondary school mathematics curriculum in the United States, there is a growing argument for and trend towards the incorporation of cooperative learning as the principal method of instruction. Research on the use of cooperative learning with adult mathematics students is less extensive but does exist. This paper incorporates existing research and some experiences with cooperative learning in workplace and collegiate settings. The paper answers the questions: What is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Cooperative Learning, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Mathematics...
This paper reviews a selection of the recent literature on issues pertaining to multicultural clients in counseling, focusing on the current demographics of such populations, the prevalence of mental illness and utilization of mental health services, and particular cultural concerns in working with such populations, including aspects of acculturation and racial identity development. Finally, this review surveys the research on aspects of the counseling relationship, with attention paid to the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Acculturation, Client Characteristics (Human Services), Counseling, Counselor Client...
This digest presents the major findings of a national survey of public and private facilities and state agencies on the prevalence of youth with disabilities in juvenile and adult correctional facilities in the United States and the educational and related services offered to them. Findings include: (1) a preliminary estimate of the prevalence of youth with disabling conditions in juvenile corrections is 32 percent; (2) youth with a specific learning disability or an emotional disturbance are...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Access to Education, Adolescents, Correctional Education, Correctional Institutions,...
The paper describes the instruments and procedures for collecting process information (information describing components of the planned educational process) for the Management Information System for Occupational Education (MISOE). The selection of variables and the decision to assess interactive rather than isolated process variables are discussed. The three process batteries, groups of self-report questionnaires, are reviewed with a listing of the instruments included and a description of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Attitudes, Content Analysis, Data Collection, Demonstration Programs,...
This study compared two approaches of teaching an undergraduate social studies methods course for prospective elementary teachers. Experimental Group I, consisting of 20 elementary education majors, participated in the planning and teaching of the current social studies program in their student teaching situation. Experimental Group II, consisting of 44 elementary education majors, had no contact with pupils in the social studies area of the curriculum prior to student teaching. A control group...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Education, Methods Courses, Preservice Teacher Education, Social Studies,...
This study of graduate and professional school students attempted to find out how students enter graduate and professional school and to assess their reactions to their experiences there. Following an introduction, the report includes: (1) a description of the sample students and how their current activities were related to their plans as seniors, (2) an account of variables affecting the rate of attendance, (3) an account of various influences on the students' attendance, as assessment of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Attendance, College Environment, College Programs, College Role, Educational...
This study explores the transfer of assessment practices from f2f to online environments by college instructors, with a particular interest in the factors influencing assessment in online learning settings. Assessment is a critical aspect of the learning environment, and considerable research has suggested various methods of formative and summative assessment for the f2f classroom. However, there has been less research into the ways in which these traditional forms of assessment are being...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Program Effectiveness, Educational Environment, Performance...
The case study presented in this paper illustrates how the succession process for principals is similar to that described by Gabarro in his study of corporate succession. Leader succession involves five major stages: (1) taking hold; (2) immersion; (3) reshaping; (4) consolidation; and (5) refinement. Success most frequently occurs in conjunction with three effective behaviors on the part of the successors. Successful new managers are effective at: (1) assessing the organization and diagnosing...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrative Problems, Educational Administration, Elementary Secondary Education,...
This paper explores the unique curriculum design issues involved with the integration of qualitative data analysis software (QDAS) in online instruction of qualitative research. The Qualitative Research III--Analysis course was designed for graduate students and offered in a blended online format using the NVivo[R] software program and the learning management system, Desire2Learn. Although embedding the NVivo[R] software into the fabric of the course afforded several advantages, it also posed...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum Development, Curriculum Design, Qualitative Research, Data Analysis,...
Teachers in U.S. schools affected by Mexican immigration need to understand immigrants' prior school experiences when planning lessons and delivering instruction. Mexico requires education through grade 9 and has nearly reached its goal of providing facilities for all school-age children. There are vast differences between rural and urban educational experiences, and grade repetition and dropout rates are high. Rural communities, especially those of Indigenous people where Spanish is a second...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Education, Educational Environment, Educational Practices, Elementary...
This paper presents the various components of the cultural orientation program as it has developed at the Bilingual Educational Institute (BEI), the organization that is currently awarded the grant for RSS in the Houston area by the state of Texas. This cultural orientation program's topics include the following: employment; healthcare; community organizations; workplace; transportation; housing; crime prevention; consumer issues; education; citizenship; welfare reform; government agencies; and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Acculturation, Adult Education, Arabic, English (Second Language), Immigrants,...
Of the 11,770 new full-time freshman matriculating at Maryland community colleges in fall 1998, 22.9% transferred to a Maryland public four-year college, 8.2% graduated and did not transfer, and 10.5% were still enrolled in a Maryland community college four years later. The combined four-year transfer and community college graduation rate of 31.1% for the 1998 cohort was the lowest rate since 1978. In this same cohort, women had a transfer rate of 32%, while men had a transfer rate of 29%. This...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Articulation (Education), Community Colleges, Enrollment Management, Gender Issues,...
A combination of events have moved various colleges and universities to grant admissions to minority group students. With this change, problems have developed: Mainly that of admissions criteria as related to academic achievement. The trend has become, therefore, toward either random selection or an open door policy. No matter what the process of selection may be, if black students differ socially and culturally from traditional students, they will continue to have difficulties once admitted to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Adjustment (to Environment), Admission Criteria, Black...
Since collective bargaining is a practice that is growing even more rapidly in community colleges than in other areas of higher education, the concepts involved in bargaining and contracts are of particular interest to community colleges. Contracts differ from policies in that contracts require the approval of all parties, who are considered relatively equal, while policy regulations do not. Collective bargaining changes the traditional collegial governance pattern by making faculty members...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Board Administrator Relationship, Collective Bargaining, College Faculty, Community...
The tremendous growth in the number of women in the labor force has dramatically changed the world of work. Traditional human resources policies were not designed for this new workforce. Federal regulations prohibit federal workers from using any of their sick leave to care for a child or a parent. To learn about nonfederal work/family efforts, the General Accounting Office interviewed human resources officials in 16 nonfederal organizations with a number of "family-friendly" programs...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Day Care, Comparative Analysis, Day Care, Demography, Employee Assistance...
Some historical developments concerning public higher education, the fiscal outlook, and enrollment trends are considered. Although historically state-supported universities were autonomous, the decade following World War II brought greater state involvement. Increasingly, political rather than educational considerations governed decisions regarding the division of monies among the universities and colleges. Most states have established a single agency to coordinate and plan postsecondary...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Planning, Declining Enrollment, Educational Finance, Educational History,...
This module is part of a training program for foster parents and foster care workers offered at Colorado State University. The module's learning objectives address: (1) the organization of a social services foster care system; (2) the functioning of human systems and the rules governing their operation; and (3) the difficulties complex systems have in responding to clients' needs. This module consists of two lectures. Lecture 1 considers the three domains of the foster care system. These...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, Caseworkers, Course Descriptions, Family Attitudes, Family Environment,...
The rapid emergence of e-learning in business and industry has been accompanied by a number of problems when instructional design concerns are incorporated into the overall curriculum development. This paper examines two companies in two distinct geographical extremes of Shin-Ju, Taiwan and Central Florida to see if, when comparisons are made, there appear to be any issues in common to both locations and cultures. In both companies, employee training as a possible solution to the problem was...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Business, Comparative Analysis, Corporations, Curriculum Development, Foreign...
At a day school in East Palo Alto, California, Negro preschool children attend classes which offer reading and mathematics instruction. The staff consists of volunteer teachers, most of whom are white and credentialed. The school's enrollment exceeds 200 pupils. Parents are encouraged to participate in the program, and when controversy over support of the school arose in the school district, the school continued to gain community support. In the summer of 1967, the Office of Economic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Blacks, Community Involvement, Community Programs, Day Schools,...
The author emphasizes the importance of imagination in literature for children and suggests that teachers can use books of fantasy and fiction in teaching emotional and creative responses as well as concepts and facts. In particular, the author discusses teaching about temporal and spatial relationships and explains how imaginative books combined with appropriate questioning from the teacher can help the child understand and appreciate new information. He suggests that reading can be introduced...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Books, Childrens Literature, Concept Formation, Imagination, Questioning Techniques,...
"Outlook" is the monthly newsletter of the Council for American Private Education (CAPE). This issue contains the following articles: (1) House Poised to Act on Education Tax Deduction; (2) PDK Poll [34th Annual Phi Delta Kappa/Gallup Poll of the Public's Attitudes Toward the Public Schools] Shows Big Jump in Support for School Choice; (3) SAT Scores Up and Down; (4) Guidance Issued on Supplemental Services Program; and (5) Report Issued on Teacher Quality; and (6) CAPENotes.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Effectiveness, Taxes, School Choice, Public Opinion, Surveys, Federal...
The aim of this research was to determine the anger expression styles between the sportive hearing impaired individuals and the sedentary hearing impaired individuals. In the sportive hearing impaired group, there were 170 participants: 62 females and 108 males doing basketball, volleyball and football teams as licensed sportsmen in various clubs and 162 participants: 59 females and 103 males of sedentary individuals. In data collection a personal information form developed for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Psychological Patterns, Affective Behavior, Hearing Impairments, Athletics, Physical...
Annually, ACT provides a snapshot of the college and career readiness of ACT-tested high school graduates. This report is offered as a service to inform policymakers and practitioners about selected indicators of effectiveness and how that translates into readiness. It is designed to stimulate discussion, inquiry, and action. This report for the state of Maine is designed to help inform the following questions that are driving national efforts to strengthen P-16 education: (1) Are students...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Achievement Need, Achievement Rating, Achievement Tests, Academic Achievement,...
Attention is focused on (1) the chronic failure to attract a larger percentage of the student population, especially male students, and (2) the perennially high rate of attrition in intermediate and advanced language courses in secondary schools. The merits of offering the teaching of contemporary foreign culture as an alternative to the compulsory study of foreign literature at the advanced levels of high school language study are emphasized. (AF)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Education, Dropout Prevention, Dropouts, Enrollment Influences, Enrollment...
This report reviews the University of Florida's College of Veterinary Medicine and provides an analysis of the institution's strengths and weaknesses, along with recommendations to improve the college's programs. It examines the college's degree programs, students, faculty, facilities, and resources, as well as actions taken to meet recommendations issued by the Florida Board of Regents and the American Veterinary Medical Association Council on Education recommendations in 1986 and 1987,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Administration, College Faculty, College Students, Curriculum, Educational...
This paper addresses the use of computer-based testing in distance education, based on the experience of Universitas Terbuka (UT), Indonesia. Computer-based testing has been developed at UT for reasons of meeting the specific needs of distance students as the following: (1) students' inability to sit for the scheduled test; (2) conflicting test schedules; and (3) students' flexibility to take examination to improve their grades. In 2004, UT initiated a pilot project in the development of system...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Alternative Assessment, Distance Education, Computer Assisted Testing, Computer...
Accreditation system of teacher education institutions is an important ensuring mechanism for teacher's profession. American accreditation system of teacher education institutions refers to an assessment system that the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) with the institution's application, making regular evaluation of the teacher education institutions according to the accreditation standards formulated by the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Accreditation (Institutions), Teacher Education, Schools of Education, Professional...
A large-scale movement toward sports clubs is evolving in colleges and universities in response to widespread professionalism in varsity sports, limited sports opportunities available to highly skilled student athletes, and most importantly, substantial increases in the desire for sports participation by students in general, as a supplement to their academic involvement. (The document presents a historical review of the growth of sports clubs.) Increasing emphasis on community involvement has...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Athletics, Clubs, College Students, Community Involvement, History, Informal...
Teens, Crime, and the Community (TCC) curriculum creates an awareness among teens of the crime problems facing our communities and how they affect our nation. It encourages youth to take responsibility for reducing crime and victimization, making schools and neighborhoods safer. Boys and Girls Clubs offer a variety of programs for youth, and TCC is a useful and appropriate program for use in these clubs. This report discusses how TCC benefits the clubs by providing a flexible educational tool...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Community Programs, Crime, Curriculum, Field Tests, Grade 9, High School...
Development assessment and remedial needs to be done because it is an important part of a learning process. This study aimed to describe the ability of student teachers of biology in developing assessment and remedial based on local wisdom. using a quasi-experimental research methods with quantitative descriptive analysis techniques. The research sample each as much as 13 groups. Data collected by the non-test data dipeloreh of documents or reports assignments students are given a score based...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Quasiexperimental Design, Science Instruction, Biology, Foreign Countries, Student...
Pre- and posttraining measurement of adult English-as-a-Second-Language learners' (N=18) apology speech act behavior found no clear-cut quantitative improvement after training, although there was an obvious qualitative approximation of native-like speech act behavior in terms of types of intensification and downgrading, choice of strategy, and awareness of situational factors. (Author/CB)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Students, English (Second Language), Instructional Effectiveness, Language...
Problems encountered in mainstreaming are described in this paper, with a focus on ways to avert them. Mainstreaming refers to the placement of selected special needs students in the regular classroom. Negative teacher attitudes toward mainstreaming present a major obstacle. Because teachers have a significant effect on program effectiveness, the administrator must take the responsibility to change teacher attitudes. Recommendations are made to provide teacher support services, balanced...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Role, Elementary Secondary Education, Mainstreaming, Special Needs...
This study examined the effect of Programmed Instruction on students' attitude towards Structure of the Atom and the Periodic Table (SAPT) among mixed (co-educational) secondary schools of Butere district, Kakamega county, Kenya. The quasi-experimental research design was adopted, using the nonrandomized Solomon four-group as a model. The sample comprised of 300 form two (2nd grade in the Kenyan secondary school education cycle) students and 8 Chemistry teachers who were purposively sampled....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Programmed Instructional Materials, Teaching Methods, Experimental Groups, Control...
Retrieving resources in an appropriate manner has a promising role in increasing the performance of educational support systems. A variety of works have been done to organize materials for educational purposes using tagging techniques. Despite the effectiveness of these techniques within certain domains, organizing resources in a way being adequately reusable for support purposes is still in the offing. In this paper a semantic approach is proposed to increase performance of retrieving...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Semantics, Information Retrieval, Educational Resources, Databases, Mahmoudi, Maryam...