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Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive

ERIC

The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is an internet-based digital library of education research and information sponsored by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education. ERIC provides access to bibliographic records of journal and non-journal literature from 1966 to the present. ERIC also contains a growing collection of materials in Adobe PDF format. ERIC's mission is to provide a comprehensive, easy-to-use, searchable Internet-based bibliographic ...



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Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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This set of instructional materials is designed to provide beginning and intermediate learners of Haitian Creole with a foundation in the phonology, grammar, and vocabulary of the language. It is intended for use by individuals wanting to communicate with monolingual Haitians. A revision of earlier materials, this set emphasizes authentic representation of Haitian language and culture, focuses on interpersonal communication needs, and uses an officialized spelling, which is explained in the...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Communicative Competence (Languages), Daily Living Skills, Dialogs...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Dec 5, 2021 ERIC
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THE BEHAVIOR OF 16 CHILDREN THREE TO FIVE YEARS OLD AT THE TIME THEIR PARENTS WERE BEING SEPARATED AND DIVORCED WAS OBSERVED IN A PRIVATE, INDEPENDENT NURSERY SCHOOL. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY WERE TO DISCOVER--(1) IF THE DIVORCE PERIOD IS A TIME OF SIGNIFICANT STRESS FOR THE CHILDREN, (2) HOW THE DIVORCE AFFECTS THE BEHAVIOR OF CHILDREN, (3) HOW THE CHILD ADAPTS HIMSELF TO THE SITUATION, AND (4) HOW THE SCHOOL CAN ASSIST THE CHILD TO COPE WITH STRESSES IN THIS PERIOD. DATA WAS OBTAINED FROM THE...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavior Change, Childhood Attitudes, Females, Males, Marital Instability, Nursery...
A study of Black American spirituals focuses on African linguistic patterns that have persisted in them. The analysis begins with a brief account of the history and nature of Black spirituals, the sacred songs created by Americans of African descent during the time of slavery (1619-1864). Six elements of spirituals are identified and discussed, including the distinctive rhythm and percussion, melodies derived from African melodies, typical harmonies, repetition patterns, use of improvisation,...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, African Languages, Black Dialects, Diachronic Linguistics, Folk Culture, Grammar,...
This monograph discusses some basic concepts and reviews some of the more salient research findings dealing with equality of educational opportunity. Major emphasis of the author's inquiry is on how educational opportunity and educational attainment relate to social background. Chapter 1 attempts to clarify what is meant by equality of educational opportunity. Chapter 2 discusses the relationship between IQ and educational attainment, on the one hand, and occupational success. Chapter 3 argues...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Ability, Academic Achievement, Bibliographies, Educational Opportunities,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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The following is taken from the Publisher's Note: "Long out of print since it was originally published in 1942 by the U.S. Government Printing Office, this classic work on Federal Indian law, and the whole legal history of Indian-white relations, is here republished in a facsimile edition. It is, as Felix Frankfurter observed, the only book that has ever made sense and order from 'the vast hodgepodge of treaties, statutes, judicial and administrative rulings, and unrecorded practice in...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, American Indian Reservations, American Indians, Community Control, Education, Federal...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Dec 19, 2020 ERIC
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The term "Mien" is used to describe several mountain peoples of Southeast Asia, who migrated from China in the 18th and 19th centuries. Their strong family structure serves their agricultural way of life. The language, though tonal, exhibits many similarities to English. Religious beliefs are animistic, centering around spirits of ancestors, the home, and nature. Mythological designs find their way into artwork, which is predominantly bodily adornments. The several names given to boys...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Background, English (Second Language), History, Indochinese, Refugees, Sino...
The 49 papers in these two volumes were prepared to assist the Commission on Workforce Quality and Labor Market Efficiency in making recommendations for improving the U.S. work force. The papers summarize existing research and make recommendations on subjects reflecting seven Commission tasks: (1) examine the roles and effectiveness of privately and publicly provided job training and education; (2) determine the best mechanisms to keep education and training providers informed of changing skill...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Basic Skills, Compensation (Remuneration), Efficiency, Employed...
In an address to the National Council on Measurement in Education, R. M. Jaeger (1987) commented that there appears to be a fundamental difference in measurement philosophy between those on the two sides of the debate over the Rasch model. Jaeger's observations are explicated by contrasting the views on measurement of B. D. Wright and E. F. Lindquist with relation to the interpretation each has of the validation of constructs as considered by C. Cherryholmes (1988). Lindquist conceives of test...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Construct Validity, Content Validity, Educational Assessment, Item Response Theory,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Feb 24, 2020 ERIC
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This course description was developed by educators for use at the Work Opportunity Center which was established to teach high school dropouts and/or hard-core unemployed youth. The ultimate objectives of this course are to prepare students for employment in dry cleaning occupations and to assist them in completing their high school graduation requirements. Instruction in marking, invoicing, and customer service is on an individualized basis conducted in an innovative atmosphere of...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Annotated Bibliographies, Course Descriptions, Course Objectives, Curriculum Guides,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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This document consists of 32 consecutive issues of Mid-Western Educational Researcher, published quarterly from 1991 through 1998. Mid-Western Educational Researcher is a scholarly journal that publishes research-based articles addressing a full range of educational issues. The journal also publishes literature reviews, theoretical and methodological discussions that make an original contribution to the research literature, and feature columns. Each year, one issue is a program for the...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Assessment, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Oct 28, 2019 ERIC
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Counting, naming numbers, numerals, computation, and fractions are the topics covered in this pamphlet. Number lore and interesting number properties are noted; the derivation of some arithmetic terms is briefly discussed. (DT)
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary School Mathematics, History, Mathematical Enrichment, Mathematics,...
This document is a collection of reports presented at a programable calculator symposium held in Seattle, Washington, in April, 1980, as part of the annual meeting of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM). The session was designed to review whether the programable calculator has a place in the school mathematics program, in light of the current availability of the microcomputer. The presentations at the symposium supported the view that such calculators do have a role to play...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Calculators, Discovery Learning, Educational Technology, Instructional Materials,...
Composting is a lesson developed for a sludge treatment and disposal course. The lesson discusses the basic theory of composting and the basic operation, in a step-by-step sequence, of the two typical composting procedures: windrow and forced air static pile. The lesson then covers basic monitoring and operational procedures. The instructor's manual contains a brief description of the lesson, estimated time, instructional materials list, suggested sequence of presentation, required reading...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Instructional Materials, Laboratory Procedures, Postsecondary Education, Sludge,...
Realizing that the Cold War is a topic that often is neglected as time runs short at the end of a school year, a group of University of Kansas (Lawrence) educators sought to create effective classroom materials for secondary/community college instructors to teach about the Cold War. The group's main goal was to create a flexible model that encouraged study of the topic for the amount of time available. This Cold War learning packet provides materials and directions to guide students through a...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum Enrichment, Foreign Countries, High Schools, International Relations,...
The act of exemplary teaching requires the orchestration of subject matter knowledge and pedagogical knowledge with pedagogical content knowledge. If this last component is not sufficiently present, then we may be quite efficient in presenting students with rote information. If this last component is sufficiently present (and carried out well), then students are afforded the opportunity to construct meaning from symbols and images in a manner that allows them to "see" (like a...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Cooperative Programs, Educational Change, Educational Cooperation, Educational...
This study is situated within a self-study research methods course to scaffold doctoral students' explorations of the intersections of their culture, and research interests using arts as a tool. Embracing the arts as a research method, the first author painted a self-portrait using the vibrant colors of Madhubani art which holds cultural significance to her. She utilized Blumer's (1986) and Mead's (1934) theory of symbolic interactionism to explain the process of her self-development as a...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Portraiture, Research Methodology, Researchers, Educational Research, Qualitative...
This report sets forth certain conclusions reached by the Special Constitutional Convention Study Committee of the American Bar Association after conducting a two-year study. The committee was formed to evaluate the ramifications of the constitutional convention method of initiating amendments to the U. S. Constitution as set down in Article 5. It analyzed and studied all aspects of law concerned with calling a national constitutional convention. Particular attention was given to the question...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Change Agents, Change Strategies, Civics, Constitutional History, Constitutional Law,...
This issue of the Courier contains articles loosely connected to each other by the underlying theme of developing people's capacity to improve the quality of their lives. The following articles are included: "Development of Human Resources--A Basic Needs Approach," by Mohiuddin Ahmad; "Rural Poverty," by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization; "Overseas Students--Educating for Development or Privilege?" by Chris Duke; "Kemas: Kemajuan...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Developing Nations, Economic Development,...
The General Electric (GE) Early Years Initiative, a grant-funded GE Fund, GE's corporate Foundation and GE Elfun, GE's international program created by volunteer organization, has helped elementary school students improve their reading skills through the use of volunteers since 1994. This publication describes Early Years projects, provides program information, and lists participating locations and program contacts. The bulk of the book is comprised of program descriptions and program...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Cooperative Programs, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Grants,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Oct 6, 2017 ERIC
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Students in communication classes find it useful to study Madonna because she is a fascinating and prolific cultural figure whose merit and intentions are matters of great controversy. As the quintessential music-video star, she is also perhaps the medium's most significant auteur. In the areas of women's roles, motherhood, sexuality, race and religion, Madonna critiques and challenges widespread beliefs while at the same time reinforcing some of them. In her video "Like a Virgin,"...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Blacks, Females, Higher Education, Racial Attitudes, Racial Integration, Racial...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Apr 6, 2017 ERIC
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This competency-based curriculum guide for teachers addresses the skills a technician will need to service microwave ovens and to provide customer relations to help retain the customer's confidence in the product and trust in the service company that performs the repair. The guide begins with a task analysis, listing 20 cognitive tasks and 5 psychomotor tasks for microwave oven orientation and 14 cognitive tasks and 28 psychomotor tasks for microwave oven troubleshooting and repair. A listing...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Appliance Repair, Competency Based Education, Electrical Appliances, Electrical...
This document presents a teaching package designed to introduce students in grades one through five to Chinese painting methods and equipment. Prepared in conjunction with an exhibition of paintings by child prodigy Wang Yani titled "The Brush of Innocence," the package consists of a teacher's activity plan unit, a slide set of art works by Wang Yani, an activity book for children, and a teacher evaluation form. The package is organized into five sections: (1) an introduction to the...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Aesthetic Education, Art Appreciation, Art Education, Artists, Childrens Art, Chinese...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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This annual volume of the Community College Humanities Review (CCHR) presents a wide range of articles dealing with humanities--from Lloyd Kaplan's attempts to set the record straight (by presenting a more accurate appraisal and a truer perspective of Dave Brubeck's outstanding contribution to the course of jazz) to Walter Krieglstein's exploration of recent discoveries in basic science (by attempting to evaluate their potential as a stimulus for cross-fertilization between the sciences and the...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Colleges, Educational Strategies, Humanities, Interdisciplinary Approach,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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Fundamentals of missile and nuclear weapons systems are presented in this book which is primarily prepared as the second text of a three-volume series for students of the Navy Reserve Officers' Training Corps and the Officer Candidate School. Following an introduction to guided missiles and nuclear physics, basic principles and theories are discussed with a background of the factors affecting missile flight, airframes, missile propulsion systems, control components and systems, missile...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Instructional Materials, Mechanical Equipment, Military Schools, Military Science,...
The State University System of Florida has developed three tools that aid in guiding the System's future: (1) The Board of Governors' new "Strategic Plan 2012-2025" is driven by goals and associated metrics that stake out where the System is headed; (2) The Board's "Annual Accountability Report" provides yearly tracking for how the System is progressing toward its goals; and (3) Institutional "Work Plans" connect the two and create an opportunity for greater...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Strategic Planning, Institutional Mission, Institutional Characteristics, Goal...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Jul 19, 2016 ERIC
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THIS REVIEW OF THE STATUS OF THE EDUCATION OF THE AMERICAN NEGRO POINTS OUT THAT HISTORICALLY HIS SCHOOLING AND EDUCATION HAVE BEEN SHAPED BY FORCES OVER WHICH HE HAS HAD VERY LITTLE CONTROL. THE REVIEW DESCRIBES THE NEGRO'S MODEST EDUCATIONAL BEGINNINGS DURING THE COLONIAL PERIOD (PRIMARILY DEVOTED TO RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION) AND PRE- AND POST-CIVIL WAR DEVELOPMENTS. THE GREATEST EFFORT TOWARD ESTABLISHING SCHOOLS FOR NEGROES OCCURRED DURING THE RECONSTRUCTION ERA, MAINLY UNDER CHURCH...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Education, Black History, Civil War (United States), Colleges, Colonial History...
On January 20, 2009, essentially 200 years after the enactment of the embargo against the slave trade, 40 years after the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., Barack Hussein Obama became the 44th President of the United States of America. Using the one drop rule for racial designation which has prevailed in the USA for most of its history, America had elected its first black President. Using the new standard created by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2000, America now had its first commonly...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Social Justice, United States History, Race, Criticism, Slavery, Presidents, Racial...
Exponential, and logarithmic functions are pivotal mathematical concepts that play central roles in advanced mathematics. Unfortunately, these are also concepts that give students serious difficulty. This report describe a theory of how students acquire an understanding of these functions by prescribing a set of mental constructions that a student can make to develop his or her understanding of these concepts. We analyze students' understanding of these concepts within the context of our...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Concept Formation, Curriculum Design, Learning Problems, Learning Strategies,...
Virtual reality exposure has recently emerged as an important tool for exposure therapy in the treatment of fear of flying. There have been numerous empirical studies that have evaluated the effectiveness of virtual reality exposure as compared to other treatments including in vivo exposure, progressive muscle relaxation, cognitive therapy, bibliotherapy, and supportive group therapy. The results of two case studies and eight outcome trials have indicated that virtual reality exposure is...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Anxiety, Fear, Travel, Air Transportation, Desensitization, Behavior Modification,...
The revolution in two-way broadband communications envisioned for the future includes remote access to libraries, interactive educational programing, shopping at home, personal and property security, and many other services limited only by man's imagination and his ability to deliver the service at a price the consumer is willing and able to pay. The most significant attributes of cable television (CATV) program origination are its ability to appeal to selective viewer interests and its ability...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Audiences, Broadcast Industry, Cable Television, Income, Mass Media, Programing...
Designed for those with teaching skills as well as those without and for those with backgrounds in nutrition and those without, this handbook provides information on how to organize and conduct nutrition education and cooking training for the chronically mentally ill. The first section describes the pilot program which developed the handbook, including setting, client characteristics, general discussion of lessons and educational methods, program costs, evaluation, and sources of informational...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Vocational Education, Classroom Techniques, Community Programs, Cooking...
A second grade teacher in a rural Appalachian school draws heavily on familiar regional literature and the children's own rich mountain heritage and culture to teach reading to her students, covering the required basal readings in only one day per week. Students use the basals on Mondays and retell the texts on paper. They spend the rest of the week writing stories, reading them, and sharing them with other students. Every week they have a real radio show where they read and tell their own...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Basal Reading, Beginning Reading, Beginning Writing, Class Activities, Grade 2,...
Ludwig Wittgenstein's theory of language games, although largely undeveloped, can provide the basis for a useful analogy between the composition process and the playing of a game. Teachers can motivate students to write by presenting the composition process as a language game. The following points should prove helpful in accomplishing this end: no game is as much fun when it is first being learned as it is after it has been mastered; people know whether they have lost in any game; in the early...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, College Freshmen, Educational Games, Educational Theories, English Instruction,...
Traditionally, educational administration is a technology of administrative control that systematically ignores both educational issues and those social and cultural issues that lie at the heart of people's commitment to, or alienation from, educational institutions. These social and cultural inequalities are investigated in a series of essays on educational administration that analyze the consequences of the imposition of an administration conceived as a technology of control. A discussion of...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrative Principles, Bureaucracy, Cultural Influences, Educational...
This book describes various aspects of the historical development of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The first chapter, entitled "Origins," sketches the factors leading up to authorization of the BLS in June 1884. A chapter entitled "Carroll Wright: Setting the Course" discusses the views and contributions of the BLS's first commissioner. The next chapter covers the studies for economic and social reform that were undertaken during the administration of the bureau's...
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Topics: ERIC Archive, Agency Role, Background, Economic Change, Economic Climate, Employment Statistics,...
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2011 reading assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. Overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, comparison of the average score in 2011 to other states/jurisdictions, average scores for state/jurisdiction and nation (public), results for student groups in 2011, and score gaps for student groups...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Achievement Gains, Achievement Gap, Comparative Analysis, Economic Status,...
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2011 reading assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. Overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, comparison of the average score in 2011 to other states/jurisdictions, average scores for state/jurisdiction and nation (public), results for student groups in 2011, and score gaps for student groups...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Achievement Gains, Achievement Gap, Comparative Analysis, Economic Status,...
The primary goal of this study was to explore the changes that four Korean university students made in their regulation of cognition during reading processes. The students were trained using explicit reading strategy instruction based on the CALLA model. To this end, first, metacognition was framed and categorized by the definition from Baker and Brown (1984) and, second, a scoring scale for measuring the readers' regulation of cognition was developed based on the study by Block (1992) to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Metacognition, Protocol Analysis, Cognitive Processes, College...
Public libraries have a responsibility toward all of their patrons, including home schoolers. "Home schooling" describes the situation where parents or guardians choose not to send their children to public or private schools, but instead educate their children themselves. Libraries are very important to home schoolers because, in most communities, public libraries are the only educational resources available to them. Public libraries can offer home schoolers services such as outreach,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Access to Information, Educational Attitudes, Educational Needs, Educational...
The purpose of this study was to describe the means by which early field experience (EFE) is implemented within the context of agricultural teacher education. A content analysis using course documents obtained directly from each program's teacher education coordinator was determined to be the most appropriate method to accomplish the purpose and objectives of this study. Thirty-eight of the 82 agricultural teacher education programs responded by providing 57 unique, usable EFE documents. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Education Programs, Agricultural Education, Content Analysis, Pedagogical...
Consultation describes a collaborative, indirect service that might address a variety of problems. The specific process used depends on the consultant's theoretical orientation. An academic consultation role has been proposed for the school psychologist in which he/she would function as an educational problem-solver who collaborates with teachers to make decisions regarding curriculum and educational program matters. Psychologists functioning in such a role would need skills in the process of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Consultants, Consultation Programs, Counselor Training, Doctoral Degrees, Educational...
It is ironic that the management of education has become more closed while learning has become more open, particularly over the past 10-20 years. The curriculum has become more instrumental, predictive, standardized, and micro-managed in the belief that this supports employability as well as the management of educational processes, resources, and value. Meanwhile, people have embraced interactive, participatory, collaborative, and innovative networks for living and learning. To respond to these...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Instructional Design, Online Courses, Assistive Technology, Web...
Teacher education graduates in their early years of service are ill-prepared to act as building-level change agents who can advocate for the enhanced use of technology in the classroom. In this study, a group of experienced teachers seeking the M.Ed. in Educational Technology suggest that the lack of confidence which new teachers show in relation to technology can be traced back to the absence of rigorous technical skill-building in both their Introduction to Educational Technology class and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Change Agents, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Methods Courses,...
This progress report on the work done by the National Reading Panel, established at the request of Congress, addresses the research done regarding children mastering essential reading skills and the need for early intervention. It gives a list and short biography of the 14 panel members and discusses logistics of the panel. The paper presents accomplishments to date followed by a section devoted to public response. It discusses the structure of methodology used to assess how children learn to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Early Intervention, Primary Education, Public Opinion, Reading Research, Reading...
Educators have focused their literacy education efforts on teaching children to code and decode words. In spite of all the efforts to teach literacy, the various report cards indicate that, perhaps, a new way of doing teaching literacy should be investigated. Today's media-centric youths could benefit from using mediated programs to help motivate them and talk to them in their own language. Several instances of successes using mediated tools for teaching and learning have been shown to improve...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Reading Instruction, Computer Assisted Instruction, Reading Interests, Reading...
As international communication becomes faster, cheaper, and ever more ubiquitous, learning through online technologies is more available. In a telecommunications project between U.S. pre-service teachers and Taiwanese English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) learners, Taiwanese students practiced English and discussed cultural information with U.S. partners who served as tutors. Data revealed that Taiwanese ESL learners perceived online learning of the English language and American culture to be...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Computer Uses in Education, English (Second Language), Foreign...
It is the position of the National Association of School Nurses (NASN) that school districts develop written medication administration policies and procedures that focus on safe and efficient medication administration at school by a registered professional school nurse (hereinafter referred to as school nurse). Policies should include prescription and non-prescription medications, and address alternative, emergency, research medication, controlled substances, and medication doses that exceed...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Nurses, School Health Services, Drug Therapy, Guidelines, Administrative...
Discrimination is a structured way of abusing people based on racial differences, hence barring them from accessing wealth, political participation and engagement in many spheres of human life. Racism and discrimination are inherently rooted in institutions in the society, the problem has spread across many social segments of the society including the education sector. This research paper aims to highlight the current status of discrimination of black students in the United States. In addition,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Racial Discrimination, African American Students, Laws, Educational Policy, Problem...
This research will demonstrate how an experiential learning practicum can be successfully implemented into an academic curriculum, using Drexel University's (Philadelphia, PA) award-winning student-run record label, MAD Dragon Records, as a case study. It will describe the components necessary to implement and operate a real-world entity within the construct of the classroom, such as the structure of the organization, student assignments, meeting agendas, journaling techniques, reflection,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Experiential Learning, Practicums, College Curriculum, Case Studies, Relevance...
We investigated the extent to which a contingency management (CM) procedure that deducted money from a grand total available at the end of the study compared to a procedure in which money accumulated with continued abstinence from cigarette smoking. Results suggested that the procedure in which money increased contingent on abstinence resulted in a significantly greater likelihood of obtaining a clinically relevant (i.e., 48-hr) period of abstinence. In terms of attendance, participants in the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Smoking, Contingency Management, Test Results, Pilot Projects, Intervention, Drug...
What is the nature of classroom teachers' perceptions of their students' home language and literacy experiences? Evolving from a well-documented concern that current understandings about the validity of home and community language and literacies are not widely recognized or utilized in public school classrooms, this article describes a study that examines teachers' perceptions of the kinds of language and literacy opportunities teachers' perceive as occurring within children's homes and the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Preservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teachers, Elementary School Teachers,...
Introductory biology laboratory experiences frequently rely on preserved chordates for anatomical study. Unfortunately, these preserved organisms rarely reflect the appearance of a living creature. Since community colleges are generally prohibited the use of live chordates, this paper describes the autopsy of a "road kill" squirrel to facilitate the learning experience of biology majors. In addition to the improvement in basic anatomy test scores, the students also learned teamwork,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Majors (Students), Teamwork, Microbiology, Anatomy, Learning Experience, Introductory...
Blended or hybrid course offerings in higher education are commonplace and much has been written about how to design a blended course effectively. This study examines publically available guides, documents, and books that espouse best or effective practices in blended course design to determine commonalities among such practices. A qualitative meta-analysis reveals common principles regarding the design process, pedagogical strategies, classroom and online technology utilization, assessment...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Blended Learning, Distance Education, Best...
The purpose of this study was to analyze the errors made by high school students in practical biology and the extent to which boys and girls differ in terms of the frequency of errors committed. The subjects included 317 students from the twelfth grade sampled from five different schools in Nigeria. A criterion level of 0.05 was set to test the two null hypotheses: there is no significant difference in error types between schools and there is no significant difference in the frequency of error...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Biology, Error Patterns, Foreign Countries, Gender Issues, High Schools, Laboratory...
PROVIDED FROM THE SCIENCE CONCEPT LEARNING PROJECT ARE (1) A PRETEST ON EQUILIBRIUM, AND (2) A POST-TEST OF KNOWLEDGE, COMPREHENSION, AND APPLICATION OF CONCEPTS OF ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS. THE PRETEST (54 ITEMS) AND POST-TEST (60 ITEMS) ARE COMPOSED OF OBJECTIVE MULTIPLE-CHOICE ITEMS PREPARED FOR USE WITH JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS. TEST AND ITEM STATISTICS ARE PROVIDED. THE TESTS WERE PREPARED FOR USE WITH A STUDY WHICH DETERMINED THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ADVANCED ORGANIZERS IN TEACHING SELECTED...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Biological Sciences, Cognitive Tests, Ecology, Elementary School Science, Evaluation,...
This paper discusses the first year results of a screening procedure used to identify 92 kindergarten and first grade children who were at risk of developing serious emotional disturbance (SED), and presents additional data on the predictive validity of the screening procedure one year later. The Systematic Screening for Behavior Disorders (SSBD) is a three-stage, multiple-gated procedure for mass screening to determine whether a child should be referred for psycho-educational evaluation. This...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavior Disorders, Disability Identification, Early Intervention, Elementary School...
Although Computer-Assisted Translation (CAT) tools play an important role in the curriculum in many university translator training programmes, they are seldom used in the context of learning a language, as a good command of a language is needed before starting to translate. Since many institutions often have translator-training programmes as well as language-learning programmes within one department or school, this paper explores the possibilities of expanding the usefulness of CAT tools from...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Translation, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Teaching Methods,...
A crucial step towards improving the conceptual use of digital technology (DT) in the mathematics classroom is to increase teacher involvement in the development of tasks. Hence, this research considers some teacher factors that might influence DT algebra task development and implementation in secondary schools. We observed and assisted one group of three teachers as they designed and implemented DT tasks. Our preliminary analysis examines the richness of the two tasks produced by one group and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Activities, Teacher Developed Materials, Technology Uses in Education,...
The study investigated 227 school counselor's multicultural counseling competencies (MCC). MCC were measured with a self-report inventory, and with ratings of responses to short vignettes, designed to assess "demonstrated" competency. Results indicated that school counselor self-ratings did not predict demonstrated ratings of MCC. People of color self-reported higher MCC. A significant effect for age and teaching experience
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Counselors, School Counseling, Competence, Counseling Effectiveness, Student...
The grade-point average (GPA) of Educational Opportunity Program (EOP) freshmen who received tutoring through the OASIS Provosts' Tutorial Fellowship Program and EOP freshmen who did not receive such tutoring were compared at the University of California, San Diego. A one-way analysis of covariance using high school GPA, Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) mathematics score, and SAT verbal score as covariates revealed significantly higher adjusted grades for the tutored group in each of three...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Comparative Analysis, Dropout Rate, Higher Education, Remedial...
Six suggestions for comprehensive secondary reading programs were developed after consideration of comments made by Judith A. Boettcher, Anne E. Newton, Randall J. Ryder, and Roger C. Googins (see related documents). The suggestions are as follows: (1) A comprehensive program must deal with all students who need help; thus, there should be a content area program, a remedial program, and possibly a developmental program. (2) Someone must be responsible for ensuring that good liaison is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Committees, Communication (Thought Transfer), Comprehensive Programs, Content Area...
Excellent senior high school physics teachers are the backbone power in the new course reform of physics in China. The excellent senior high school physics teachers' professional growth actuality in Shandong is surveyed in this article by the self-made "Questionnaire of Excellent Senior High School Physics Teachers' Professional Growth", and by the survey, the total status and the professional growth of excellent senior high school physics teachers could be grasped.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Physics, Science Teachers, Secondary School Teachers, High...
This study investigated individual achievement change over time in mathematics for African American students, whether this differs from student to student, and whether individual growth parameters for this domain were related over time. The study also sought to gain a deeper understanding of individual change in student academic achievement through covariance structure analysis in the Statistical Analysis System PROC MIXED Procedure. The study used panel data from the Louisiana State Department...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Achievement Gains, Black Students, Change, Elementary School Students, Individual...
A study of 1,586 francophone students in northern Ontario (Canada) found 3 attitudes (either believing French unimportant, believing English practically dominant, or believing their French inadequate) lead students to continue postsecondary education in English. Believing French pleasurable was found to be positively related to continuing education in French. (Author/MSE)
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, French, Higher...
This overview of the competency-based educational process examines the basic reason for its growing popularity with professional educators and to professionals in other fields: the fact that it produces "doers" rather than "knowers." Three assumptions forming the basis of competency-based education are: (1) programs should be based on the competencies essential to the performance of the occupation for which the program is designed; (2) programs should accommodate individual...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Competency Based Education, Competency Based Teacher Education, Fundamental Concepts,...
Mike Elrick knew how to stay warm. He loved to wrap himself from head to toe in wool; the author pictures Mike as a wool-clad moccasin-footed snow walker twisting into lampwick harnesses with his trail axe looped through his belt. Mike looked forward to winter and welcomed a drop in the mercury--the lower the better! He loved the physical work of life on the winter trail and never stopped moving long enough to get cold. Mike had a self-professed devotion to a wood fire and he shared his...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Outdoor Education, Instructional Effectiveness, Environmental Education, Recreational...
Background: Quality faculty members is a must for any higher education institution aspiring for Quality. Organisational stress one of the most important factors influencing the quality and efficiency of the faculty. Hence, the Organisational stress has to be managed in such a way that it should contribute to the quality of higher education. Hence the study is designed as an attempt to analyse the organizational stress and quality of work life of faculty members of higher educational...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, College Faculty, Teaching Conditions, Faculty College Relationship,...
The purpose of this research study is to determine the level of influence of parental education, social and financial status on their senior college students by encouraging them to pursue higher degrees. The sample of the study was 313 senior college students randomly selected from private and public universities in Kuwait to answer the questionnaire. Then followed by interviewing some of these 313 students for triangulation. The result of the findings shows that the impact of parents on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Universities, Foreign Countries, Socioeconomic Influences, Academic...
This report provides educators and policymakers with information they can use to celebrate their successes, understand their unique challenges, and set meaningful goals to increase opportunity for all students. It is important to note that while AP® Exams are valid measures of students' content mastery of college-level studies in specific academic disciplines, AP results should never be used as the sole measure for gauging educational excellence and equity. Because reliable demographic data...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Advanced Placement, African American Students, American Indian Students, Asian...
The Alternate Secondary Center (ASC) Program, is the latest step in a series of activities which have been taken to individualize prescriptive learning programs to meet the identified needs of alienated secondary school youngsters. As the external component to the chain of alternate secondary programs, Hartford's two ASC's focused on two operational concepts. (1) Each Center was staffed by one unit leader, five teachers, a secretary, and a paraprofessional. These instructional services were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Basic Skills, Behavior Problems, Career Guidance, Individualized Instruction,...
Knowledge and learning are important driving forces for business success and competitiveness, especially in the knowledge-intensive organizations (KIO's) whose core business is to create and sell knowledge (e.g. education, R&D units, and consultancy organizations, among others). Previous works suggested one of the Critical Success Factor (CSF) of Knowledge Management (KM) practices is leadership, but only few of them referred it in a quantitative way. This paper aims to explore and explain...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Leadership Role, Knowledge Management, Success, Correlation, Models, Structural...
In counseling research and practice gifted girls often lack identification as a cultural group with unique features. Yet, girls in this population have specific and distinct struggles, worldviews, and ways of navigating social and academic groups. The purpose of this conceptualization article is to apply the bicultural skills model to adolescent gifted girls and to discuss the subsequent implications for school counseling practice.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Gifted, Females, School Counselors, School Counseling, Biculturalism, Identification,...
This publication of the Commission on Undergraduate Education in the Biological Sciences contains the final report of activities of the Commission during the years 1963-1972. The Commission was established to narrow the gap between current biological research and undergraduate biology teaching. In keeping with this objective, the report is divided into 19 separate topics. These are listed as History and Objectives, The Commission, Executive Office Staff, Budget, Undergraduate Major Curricula,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Biology, College Science, Newsletters, Reports, Resource Materials, Science...
Leadership preparation programs find themselves in a state of flux, experiencing changing demands, and increasing scrutiny and accountability. New challenges and definitions of leadership preparation coupled with expanding demands for increased abilities of school leaders in ever larger numbers create the necessity to examine, question, revise, partner, and expand current program offerings. This paper discusses the changing context of a leadership preparation program striving toward a more...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Leadership Training, Leadership Qualities, Administrator Education, Educational...
This study examines the funding practices and challenges of diversity initiatives found in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. Interviews with 55 intervention program administrators, representing 48 unique STEM intervention programs, were conducted at nine large research-intensive universities. The interviews, which examined the design, structure, implementation, and funding challenges of STEM interventions, revealed that institutional funding priorities often...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Rincon, Blanca E.|George-Jackson, Casey E.