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Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive

ERIC

The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is an internet-based digital library of education research and information sponsored by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education. ERIC provides access to bibliographic records of journal and non-journal literature from 1966 to the present. ERIC also contains a growing collection of materials in Adobe PDF format. ERIC's mission is to provide a comprehensive, easy-to-use, searchable Internet-based bibliographic ...



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The authors report a study in which they examined how principals utilize instructional leadership in high schools within a Hispanic majority context. The emphasis was on students' academic performance, goal development and implementation, school culture, and instructional management, which make up the broader theoretical framework of school leadership. Following a multiple case study approach, two successful high schools in the south of a central state participated in the study. These schools...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Orientation, Leadership Effectiveness, Instructional Leadership, Principals, Hispanic...
During the fall term of 2001, Piedmont Virginia Community College (PVCC) (Virginia) distributed a survey to faculty and staff regarding the information technology facilities and services at the college. A total of 62 surveys were returned, for a response rate of 18.6%. This report details the survey results. Highlights include: (1) overall, respondents were satisfied with computer applications, technical support, electronic classrooms, distance learning, and training and workshops offered at...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Attitudes, Community Colleges, Computers, Educational Technology,...
The role of children's literature in helping children make sense of themselves, their experiences and their worlds either in a classroom setting or in a more therapeutic context has been well documented. What has not been researched as far as we know is the use of children's literature in the college classroom as a means of enabling students to address difficult topics such as issues of oppression and social justice in a manner that is less overwhelming and less threatening. At one Connecticut...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Childrens Literature, Early Childhood Education, Sociology, Teaching Methods,...
The objective of the project reported here was to devise and put into operation a social studies program for junior high school students in the seventh and eighth grades. The objectives for this program were to develop the informed individual with: 1) a good self-concept with a sense of individual worth; 2) a sense of moral judgment; 3) a valid understanding of the nature of race and of the many misconceptions about race now prevalent; 4) respect ethnic groups and their achievements; 5)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavioral Objectives, Citizenship, Curriculum Development, Ethical Instruction,...
The results of the evaluation of the community education program of the Nashville-Davidson County (Tennessee) Metropolitan Public Schools are contained in this volume. Evaluation questionnaires were sent to participants in all seven Nashville-Davidson County community schools, as well as to school administrators and to community organizations using community school facilities. Although only 32 percent of the participants contacted responded to the questionnaire (most of these from one school),...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrators, Community Education, Community Involvement, Community Organizations,...
A major assumption in personality theory is that the human mind tends to organize experience into conceptual systems. An individual's overall theory of reality includes both self-theory and world-theory. One of the basic postulates in an individual's self-theory is an overall assessment of self-esteem, which becomes the most important influence on his/her pleasure/pain balance. As a higher order postulate, self-esteem is resistant to change. Direct self-assessment of self-esteem, using...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Emotional Development, Evaluation Methods, Parent Child Relationship, Personality...
In September 2009, the California Postsecondary Education Commission (CPEC) awarded $8 million in new Improving Teacher Quality (ITQ) grants to institutions of higher education for the purpose of assisting K-12 teachers to enhance teaching and learning in their classrooms. In addition to the new grants, the ITQ program has 14 individual grants and two master grants supporting 19 sites at various stages in large and small school districts from San Diego to Eureka. Together, the new and currently...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Middle Schools, Teacher Effectiveness, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal...
This research aims to consider literature as a significant tool for teaching fundamental language skills including speaking, listening, reading and writing. Reasons for the use of literature in language classrooms and major factors for choosing appropriate kinds of literary texts in such classes should be highlighted in order to make readers aware of the primary reasons that why language instructors are suggested to use literary texts. Furthermore, teaching language skills through literature,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Literature, Second Language Instruction, Language Skills, Literary Genres, Babaee,...
This report presents evaluation findings regarding the implementation and effectiveness of the Academics 2000, Cycle VIII grant in the Austin Independent School District (AISD), Texas. The purpose of Academics 2000 was to raise the level of academic achievement of all Texas students by ensuring that each child achieves early mastery of the foundation subjects of reading, English language arts, mathematics, social studies, and science. AISD has funded programs for K-3 students through Academics...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Grants,...
This study reassessed the extent to which socio-economic background, gender, and region endure as sources of educational inequality in Canada. The analysis utilized the 28,000 student Canadian sample from the data set of the OECD's 2003 "Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)". Results, consistent with previous findings, highlight the uneven distribution of educational achievement in Canada along socio-economic, gender, and regional lines, and point to the continued...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Equal Education, Educational Objectives, Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement,...
The primary purpose of this paper is to find out if certain topics are embarrassing and not easy for Taiwanese university students to discuss in the EFL classroom. Seventy students, who are English majors and study in the Department of Applied English at Shih Chien University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan were surveyed. The results of the study revealed that there are a number of topics which are uncomfortable for students to talk about. The paper also focuses on the appropriateness of such topics in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Majors (Students), Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Second Language...
It would exacerbate the tragedy of the current economic situation if no lessons were learned from it which would contribute to future growth and prosperity. That applies equally to the business sector and to the education sector. This is not to imply that many current, effective superintendents do not ask the very questions posed in this essay; Routinely, they do! However, teachers have long cherished the "teachable moment" in their classrooms, where reality creates a unique...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Superintendents, Administrator Education, Educational Administration, Industry, Motor...
Thirty-three third- and fourth-year university students reported their preferences for eight evaluative devices. The most preferred: a pool of options from which they could select two in addition to a final exam. Preparation for exams was considered a better learning opportunity than a research paper or similar assignment. (JT)
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Evaluation Methods, Higher Education, Learning, Open Book Tests,...
This paper investigated how the examination of student behavior, seen as techniques and their effects, has participated in the construction of citizenship in compulsory schooling in Finland. Data were gathered from "state educational discourse," including national curricula, governmental committee reports, legislative and regulatory material, and teacher handbooks. School year and term reports from 1995-96 were also studied. Four periods were identified as related to the dominant...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Behavior Patterns, Citizenship Education, Educational...
This report examines the role of participative decision-making in education by reviewing significant research on the involvement of teachers in educational policy-making. The discussion attempts to put participative decision-making (PDM) in perspective by highlighting empirical research on how well PDM works and by identifying some of the conditions that determine how well a specific PDM program is likely to work. Based on this analysis, general guidelines are offered to aid school...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bibliographies, Educational Policy, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary...
Textbooks are required in most introductory college science courses, but students may not be benefitting from the textbooks as much as their instructors might hope. Word use in the textbooks may influence textbook effectiveness. I tested whether either the amount of technical vocabulary or the readability had a significant effect on students' ability to learn general biology concepts. I provided different versions of the same reading, then tested students on the content. On the topic with the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Textbooks, College Science, Readability, Textbook Content, Vocabulary, Biology,...
Surveys the professional characteristics of instructors teaching English as a Second Language to adults in non-credit programs in Ontario. Findings describe the teachers' age and gender, educational backgrounds and professional qualifications, teaching experience, employment conditions and opportunities for professional development. (eight references) (Author/CK)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Students, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, Language Teachers,...
The Committee on Science and Technology of the National Academy of Sciences recommends that a Council for Science and Technology be established as a staff agency in the Executive Office of the President. The Council would consist of at least three full-time members drawn from the sciences, engineering, and related fields. They would be appointed by the President, with the counsel and consent of the Senate, to advise the government regarding the best use of science and technology in the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Advisory Committees, Federal Government, Government Publications, Government Role,...
Across the country, districts are choosing to #GoOpen and transitioning to the use of openly licensed educational resources to improve student learning in their schools. Openly licensed educational resources enable districts to reallocate significant funds currently spent on inflexible, static learning materials to resources and activities that accelerate the transition to digital learning. These include implementing new professional learning programs for teachers, developing a robust...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Resources, Program Implementation, Faculty Development, Resource...
This teacher's guide is intended for use in presenting a course to help Kodak Corporation employees develop the basic reading skills required in their workplace. The following topics are covered in the modules: prewriting thinking skills; information identification and organization strategies; awareness of the receiver's characteristics and needs; correct structure, spelling, grammar, and capitalization; and appropriate word choice. The following materials are included: a goal and list of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Audience Awareness, Behavioral Objectives, Capitalization...
Strategies for integrating academic and vocational skill have been the focus of increasing attention in recent years. The Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act of 1990 mandates that state and local education agencies integrate these programs so students achieve both academic and vocational competencies. Implementation of this mandate presents major challenges. One such challenge is the development of curricula that acknowledge program goals and the environment in which...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Education, Integrated Curriculum, Models, Postsecondary Education, Program...
This study examined the role of public preschool teachers in the construction of classroom literacy environments. Using qualitative methods for data collection and analysis, the research was intended to generate knowledge of teacher thinking and decision making for social and cultural phenomena taking place in a classroom. The study included ten preschool certified teachers in the same suburban parish public school system. Data were collected over a period of several months by means of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classroom Environment, Classroom Techniques, Emergent Literacy, Literacy Education,...
This paper details the development of a taxonomy for conceptualizing teaching. This taxonomy is presented as a means to help educators understand and interpret what it is they do and continue in the process of searching and understanding. The purpose of developing a taxonomy, the basis for the dimensions--or subject matter--for the taxonomy, and the criteria for including or excluding specific dimensions are discussed, using ideas from a number of writers who conceptualize teaching. In...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classification, Concept Formation, Elementary Secondary Education, Epistemology,...
Prior to implementation of a supervisory staff development program, it is necessary to review current literature in the field of educational administration in order to define specific elements (domains) of the supervisory knowledge base. A qualitative research study involving a review of relevant literature yielded 13 primary domains or categories of knowledge: organizational management; instructional leadership; instructional management; development of school and community support;...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Education, Curriculum Development, Elementary Secondary Education,...
Teachers' perceptions of student behaviors were examined to explain teachers' attitudes toward their students with and without learning handicaps. The study involved 44 intermediate-grade teachers who had students with learning handicaps and nonhandicapped students in their classrooms. Teachers' attitudes were measured with a four-question survey, and their perceptions of students' behavior, achievement, and personality were obtained through use of the Teachable Pupil Survey. Results indicated...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attitudes toward Disabilities, Elementary School Teachers, Intermediate Grades,...
Survey instruments used in the collection of data for the High School and Beyond base year (1980) through the third follow-up surveys (1986) are provided as Volume II of a user's manual for the senior cohort data file. The complete user's manual is designed to provide the extensive documentation necessary for using the cohort data files. Copies of instruments provided include: (1) Base Year Senior Identification Pages; (2) the Base Year Senior Questionnaire; (3) the 1980 Senior Cohort First...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cohort Analysis, Data Collection, Databases, Followup Studies, Grade 12, Graduate...
The accelerating growth of restitution as an institutionalized program in juvenile courts throughout the country is documented. According to studies, the number of formal restitution programs has increased from approximately 15 in 1977 to more than 400 in 1989. Program components include financial restitution, community service, victim-offender mediation, victim services, job information services, work crews, transportation, job slots in the private sector, and subsidies. Many existing programs...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Accountability, Adolescents, Crime, Criminal Law, Delinquent Rehabilitation, Juvenile...
This manual presents an instrument (the Dakota Parent Satisfaction Survey) and procedures for evaluating parent satisfaction with early intervention programs. The survey procedures have been used to evaluate seven early intervention programs each year since 1985. Development of the Survey is discussed, including the identification of program goals, drafting and refining of questions for each goal, wording of the response scale, use of a response adjustment factor when parents skip a question,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Data Collection, Disabilities, Early Intervention, Evaluation Methods, Parent...
One key to effective conceptual change teaching is to discover each student's conceptions about the conditions before instruction. The teacher then provides experiences that create dissatisfaction with existing ideas and models a new conception that is intelligible, plausible, and fruitful. The purpose of the Acorn Project of the Chicago office of the Illinois Nature Conservancy was to involve city children with earth keeping experiences connecting them to particular places and developing...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Concept Formation, Concept Mapping, Concept Teaching, Elementary Secondary Education,...
This digest briefly summarizes available information on the educational needs of prenatally substance exposed infants and children. Estimated incidence figures are given for the numbers of children exposed in utero to illicit drugs and alcohol. The importance of parent/caregiver education in specific techniques to increase infant alertness and interactions is stressed. Sixteen recommended classroom strategies are grouped into protective factors (e.g., developmentally appropriate curricula) and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agency Cooperation, Alcohol Abuse, Classroom Techniques, Congenital Impairments, Drug...
Basic education for girls and women has been part of UNESCO's and UNICEF's concerns since the early days of the two organizations. Both organizations not only consider access to basic education a fundamental human right, but also see girls' and women's education as vital in enhancing their roles as contributors to and beneficiaries of development. Most UNESCO and UNICEF programs in the field tend to be geared to one or more of the following issues: (1) improving girls' access to primary...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Attitude Change, Developing Nations, Economic Development,...
This status report presents progress data concerning the Graduate Fellowship Program that was initiated in Washington State in 1987. The Washington State legislature enacted the Graduate Fellowship Trust Fund Program to strengthen partnerships between citizens and public four-year institutions. It does this by providing a matching grant program to assist institutions in creating endowments for funding fellowships for distinguished students. No appropriation was made till 1990. In the 1989-91...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Faculty, Fellowships, Financial Support, Fund Raising, Graduate Study, Higher...
This project, implemented collaboratively between a research/teaching university and a midwestern special education cooperative, gathered data from 517 regular education teachers regarding self-evaluation of skills for teaching students with disabilities, satisfaction with existing special education services, and attitudes toward an "inclusive" model of special education service delivery. Results revealed significant differences in teachers' perceptions of their skill level for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Mainstreaming, Participant...
This paper reviews the literature on multimedia research focusing on what it says about the role of multimedia in instruction and whether extant research is sufficient and valid. The following topics are reviewed: definitions of multimedia; using multimedia research to evaluate multimedia programs; concerns over research; and suggestions for research. The conclusions drawn from this review are: neither developers nor researchers universally define the terms multimedia and interactivity; the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Media, Educational Research, Educational Technology, Hypermedia,...
This paper offers a mechanism for producing a more marketable, competent professional coach/teacher, by addressing the content of the General Education Core. The paper discusses standards that must be met by graduates, including those of the National Teacher Examination (NTE), National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education, and individual states. It cites evidence that teacher education program content is related to performance on the NTE core battery. It points out that selective...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Education, Athletic Coaches, Core Curriculum, General Education, Higher...
Findings from a U.S. Department of Justice Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-sponsored project, Using the Law to Improve School Order and Safety, are reviewed in this conference report. The conference agenda included presentation of the purpose, activities, and results of the project; reactions from a participating principal; and small-group discussion sessions. Findings supported the hypothesis that a feeling of ownership of order and safety policy was both important and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Discipline, Discipline Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Legal Problems, Legal...
This booklet explains New Zealand's National Qualifications Framework, a system of quality standards affecting high schools and postsecondary colleges and universities that is to be fully operational by 1996. Following an introduction, the first section explains why the current system urgently needs changing in order to equip workers for the demands of a fast changing world. The next section describes how the Framework operates, addressing such issues as where students' and trainees' records of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Accountability, Certification, Education Work Relationship, Educational Improvement,...
This study used an iterative Delphi survey process of about 600 faculty, employers, and policymakers to identify writing, speech and listening, and critical thinking skills that college graduates should achieve to become effective employees and citizens (National Education Goal 6). Participants reached a consensus about the importance in critical thinking of the ability to detect: indirect persuasion including the use of leading questions that are biased towards eliciting a preferred response,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Faculty, College Graduates, Communication Skills, Critical Thinking, Delphi...
Kakela, a high school program for students who demonstrate giftedness in Hawaiian, has the goal of producing Hawaiian-fluent speakers with appropriate grammatical skills and knowledge of a large body of Hawaiian literature, culture, and resources. This paper describes the identification/selection process, the instructional delivery plan, the evaluation plan, and post-graduation success. Attached to the report are application procedures, a nomination form, a student self-assessment form, and a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Ability Identification, Cultural Background, Enrichment Activities, Ethnic Groups,...
This newsletter reports the results of a study that explored the relationship between the organizational culture of secondary schools and students' progress, that is success, failure, and dropout. Three secondary schools were examined in the study, and the results showed that the organizational culture of schools is a useful concept for understanding schools as a "living environment." The three case studies supported the initial hypothesis that a strong organizational culture...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Academic Failure, Case Studies, Dropouts, Educational...
Human survival means more than purely physical survival. Human beings, because of language, also have a cultural nature that must survive. In today's world, all speak, but more than one-fourth of the world's people--and more than half in developing nations--do not have the uniquely human capacity of reading and writing. The diffusion of literacy worldwide has been politically, socially, and economically thwarted. Nonliterate persons do not demand literacy because people do not always recognize...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Economic Development,...
This study examined the presence of specific story elements and story cohesiveness in child narratives. A sample of 35 Hawaiian children who attended a preschool that emphasized early literacy activities was compared with a control sample. Children first constructed a story from a set of five pictures with adult support, and then retold the story without the aid of pictures and with minimal adult support. Children in the preschool sample were tested twice over a 5-month period; control children...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Child Relationship, Emergent Literacy, Language Acquisition, Language...
This report from Gallaudet University (District of Columbia) outlines its strategic plan to guide future efforts towards educational excellence, particularly as it regards policy and program development. Following information on the school's history and institutional mission, its services, and management resources, the report discusses each of the school's mission themes (goals) and the measures deemed appropriate for achieving these goals. Mission themes addressed cover the following areas:...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Advocacy, Articulation (Education), College Admission, College Preparation, College...
This presentation explains the unique needs of teachers working in rural settings and describes Project CREST (Collaboration for Rural Education Special Teachers). The model teacher training program, currently in operation in Ohio, is funded by a federal grant awarded to Bowling Green State University. The primary components of Project CREST include the following: (1) a one year master's level teacher training program for rural special educators; (2) a one year mentoring program for veteran...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Beginning Teachers, Educational Needs, Elementary Secondary Education, Faculty...
Multicultural education is an approach to teaching and learning that seeks to empower individuals so that they may function in a diverse, global society. To prepare students for the 21st century, however, community colleges must expand traditional definitions of diversity to include age, religion, culture, sexual orientation, physical or mental disability, economic status, language differences, and most significantly, individual learning styles. Not all courses lend themselves readily to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Change Strategies, Class Activities, Classroom Techniques, Cognitive Style, Community...
A 2-year, in-depth study of curriculum tracking in three large metropolitan-area high schools found that most high school teachers and administrators hold vocational education in low regard. Such thinking is a barrier to educational reforms proposed to integrate and improve academic and vocational education. Radical changes may be difficult to implement in large, comprehensive high schools with long-standing "tracking" systems, deeply rooted institutional cultures, and other...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Attitudes, Curriculum Development, Educational Attitudes, Educational...
The transformation of private to public writing not only challenges student writers, but teachers of writing. The most important assessment of writing takes place in the transaction between writer and reader--among peer readers who are actively writing themselves. Faculty should not relinquish responsibility for assessing written products, but a fuller and more sensible assessment of writing must include assessments of how students negotiate meaning. Teachers can achieve assessment through peer...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Peer Evaluation, Peer Teaching, Personal Writing, Teacher Role,...
The External Diploma Program (EDP) of the American Council on Education is an applied-performance, competency-based assessment program that provides credentials to skilled adults who have acquired their high-school-level abilities through their life experience. Through the EDP mature adults can do the following: demonstrate their abilities in a series of simulations that parallel job and life situations; be evaluated against established criteria of performance instead of by comparison with...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Competence, Credentials, Degrees (Academic), Educational...
This handbook focuses on steps and tasks related to establishing mutual support groups for parents in a school setting. A sequential approach is described that involves: working within the school to get started; recruiting members; training parents how to run their own meetings; and offering off-site consultation as requested. The first section presents an overview of school-based mutual support groups (MSGs), describing what the MSGs are, the benefits of MSGs, and reasons for introducing MSGs...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Secondary Education, Parent Participation, Parent School Relationship,...
The purpose of this study was to find out whether students perform differently on algebra word problems that have certain key context features and entail proportional reasoning, relative to their level of logical reasoning and their degree of field dependence/independence. Field-independent students tend to restructure and break stimuli into parts and to perceive details more readily than field-dependent students. The underlying theoretical view is that context may be an important factor in how...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Algebra, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Style, College Mathematics, Context Effect,...
This manual presents the major lessons learned about how national authorities, individual institutions, and individual educators can work to increase the impact of the Associated Schools Project (ASP) schools and spread it to other parts of the educational system. ASP is a project of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) begun in 1953 in order to promote education for international understanding through the conduct of experimental teaching activities. In...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Awareness, Educational Cooperation, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign...
This paper discusses the use of focus groups to investigate criteria used by college students to determine their satisfaction with higher education, and presents the results of a pilot study. It reviews research on the use of focus groups, discusses the development of a focus group guide for the current study, and examines problems associated with recruiting students to participate in focus groups, such as incentives for volunteers and no-shows at group sessions. The paper discusses the role of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Educational Attitudes, Educational Experience, Evaluation Criteria,...
This brief paper summarizes a full length report of the same title which examines the ongoing debate on the conflicting rights and responsibilities of students and college administrations in the areas of offensive speech, rights of assembly, drug testing and campus safety. On offensive speech and the rights of colleges and universities to regulate it, the courts have ruled against higher education institutions' prohibiting offensive or hate speech because institutional policies have failed to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Athletes, Campuses, Civil Rights, College Athletics, College Students, Colleges, Drug...
A discussion of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instruction in the mainstream classroom focuses on teacher training needs to meet the educational needs of limited-English-proficient (LEP) students. After a brief analysis of the teacher's role in relation to the development of all students, and in particular to the language development of LEP students, a teacher development project linking theory and practice is described. A group of teachers met to discuss the diverse needs of this...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classroom Techniques, Cooperative Learning, Educational Needs, Educational...
This guidebook was designed to be a practical guide in developing workplace education programs. The handbook includes the following three sections: (1) background information, including details and supporting information about workplace education; (2) workplace education worksheets that adult education supervisors can take to the worksite to use as a guide when they are talking with business and industry representatives about workplace education programs; and (3) attachments that provide...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Basic Skills, Individualized Education...
A study investigated a holistic approach to the assessment of students' writing skills in a high school that is part of a residential treatment program for adolescents. High school students were asked to produce spontaneous writing samples in the fall and spring of the 1990-91 school year. The students were asked to write about someone they admire, and had one class period to complete the writing samples. A total of 740 writing samples were scored by faculty members at the school using fluency,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Alternative Assessment, High Schools, Holistic Approach, Holistic Evaluation, Student...
Based on suggestions of participants at the second annual Instructional Methods Forum held in June 1989, the monograph considers cognitive-based approaches to teaching mathematics to students with learning problems. It addresses identification of characteristics of successful cognitive approaches and the role of media and materials. An introductory chapter looks at possible reasons for United States students' difficulties with mathematics and proposes that cognitive-based approaches be used....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Development, Concept Formation, Curriculum Development, Educational Media,...
This chapter on collaborating with families is taken from a guide to designing, implementing, and evaluating instruction and services for students with disabilities. The chapter provides information abut values-based, family-centered programs that will involve all families and improve education programs and student outcomes. The tone is meant to be supportive of both school and home. The chapter discusses what collaboration with families involves, what the families' rights and responsibilities...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Check Lists, Cultural Differences, Disabilities, Educational Practices, Elementary...
Traditionally, rural schools have been tightly linked to their communities, and the process of schooling has reflected local values, mores, and ways of life. However, during the early 1900s, the beginning of the Progressive era, allegiance to local ways received heavy criticism. An inherent assumption, that bigger is better, was promoted as the way schools should be. Today, this assumption continues to influence the "one best system" for educating children. The study of history and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Change Strategies, Consolidated Schools, Educational Change, Educational History,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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This study was conducted to compare and contrast the nontraditional placement of student teachers in a single school for an entire semester rather than the more traditional approach of placement in several buildings during the same time period. Student teachers (N=25) were assigned to the Ottumwa (Iowa) Regional Center. Of these, 19 were placed following the traditional approach, while the other 6 were assigned to the Douma School, selected as an experimental site. Data were gathered through...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Collegiality, Cooperating Teachers, Elementary Education, Experimental Programs,...
Writing is a fundamental skill for students to develop. A learning environment should be in evidence which assists students to achieve more optimally in writing. Writing activities should be interesting, purposeful, meaningful, and provide for individual differences. Students need stimulating learning opportunities involving a variety of purposes or types of writing experiences. Diverse schools of thought in the teaching of writing include those which emphasize predetermined measurably stated...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Classroom Environment, Educational Philosophy, Elementary Secondary...
Antioch University (Seattle, Washington) established its Teacher Certification program in 1991 with several goals in mind: to provide adult learners with a program designed around their special learning needs, to address critical teaching and learning issues in urban classrooms with diverse populations, to encourage collegial attitudes and behavior in a profession where isolation is the norm, and to prepare new teachers to serve as change agents in schools. The program is intentionally small,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Alternative Teacher Certification, Career Change, College Graduates, College School...
This paper explores the concepts, and highlights the similarities, of the freshman and senior year experiences, applies these to theoretical transition and socialization models, discusses frameworks, and presents enhancement interventions. A section on freshman and senior year experiences looks at the common focus currently on the entering student experience and the common neglect of the final year student experience. This section also points out several similarities between the freshman and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Freshmen, College Seniors, College Students, Educational Environment,...
To account for the fact that the average reading literacy in Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada) is lower than the national average, a study examined the value that individuals place on literacy. Subjects, 625 males and females, each of whom was a head or one of the heads of households between 21 and 65 years of age and had not participated in an earlier study identifying the discrepancy, were administered a 59-item questionnaire and a literacy skills measure (the Survey of Literacy Skills Used...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adults, Educational Attitudes, Foreign Countries, Literacy, Reading Achievement,...
This longitudinal study examined the development of expertise as a situational and contextual process among nine student teachers during their 3-year enrollment in a kindergarten training college in Finland. The research report is based on observations of student teaching, interviews with the student teachers, and student teacher diaries. Utilizing a situated learning framework, the data indicate that the social elements of the student teachers' training, such as personal interaction, shared...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classroom Environment, Context Effect, Educational Attitudes, Foreign Countries,...
In May 1990 the Minister of National Education announced an Education Renewal Strategy (ERS) for education in South Africa, developed in conjunction with other governmental departments, to seek short- and medium-term managerial solutions for some of the nation's most pressing educational needs. The ERS advances five major policy recommendations for a future education model: (1) race should not be a factor and equal opportunity should be assured; (2) national unity should be promoted while...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Day Care, Educational Improvement, Educational Policy, Federal Legislation, Federal...
This report provides direction for assessment policy and practice in employability and work force education and training programs serving youth and adult learners in Iowa. It provides a research base for the consideration of common assessment instruments for youth and adult learners in these programs. The report first identifies existing assessment instruments that can be used during the initial intake/screening process to measure the basic skills competencies rated as most essential on the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Basic Skills, Competence, Competency Based Education, Delivery...
This report evaluates program activities of Chapter 1 and migrant education in North Carolina during 1989-90. Data used in compiling the migrant education report were obtained from local project directors, the Migrant Student Record Transfer System (MSRTS), the Annual Testing Program, LEA monitoring reports, and from instruments and forms devised by agency staff. A total of 1,338 schools (68.6%) and 10 institutions for delinquent children provided Chapter 1 services to 114,687 students. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Compensatory Education, Delivery Systems, Educationally...
This information leaflet provides local governments with guidelines and suggestions for appointing a Records Advisory Board to assist in establishing and supporting a records management program. Such a program is an over-arching, continuing, administrative effort which manages recorded information from initial creation to final disposition. It includes systematically disposing of obsolete records; setting up filing and indexing systems; using modern computer technology in information creation,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Access to Information, Advisory Committees, Government Publications, Guidelines,...
The psychometric characteristics of the Test of Written English (TWE) rating scale were explored. Rasch model scalar analysis methodology was employed with more than 4,000 scored essays across 2 elicitation prompts to gather information about the rating scale and rating process. Results suggested that the intervals between TWE scale steps were surprisingly uniform and that the size of the intervals was appropriately larger than the error associated with assignment of individual ratings. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English (Second Language), Equated Scores, Essays, Interrater Reliability,...
Personal autonomy is a fundamental ideal in American culture. When the autonomy of a person with reduced capacity is restricted or limited by law and a guardian is appointed, the issue becomes critical to our understanding of social justice. Preservation of autonomy remains a core social value even while the legal system moves to erode personal autonomy as a response to diminished legal capacity. This article attempts to make clear the seeming conflict between legal values and social values...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Client Characteristics (Human Services), Counselor Client Relationship, Ethics, Human...
A study examined facilities in Ontario, Canada, for the assessment and provision of augmentative communication devices as well as ongoing support to the augmentative communicator in his or her community. It also studied opportunities for all adult learners to "catch up" on basic education and specific opportunities for all adults to learn about new technology. These three areas of service provision were analyzed from a consumer's viewpoint to identify where and what the needs were and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Assistive Devices (for Disabled), Computer Mediated Communication,...
This publication consists of job task analyses for jobs in textile manufacturing. Information provided for each job in the greige and finishing plants includes job title, job purpose, and job duties with related educational objectives, curriculum, assessment, and outcome. These job titles are included: yarn manufacturing head overhauler, yarn manufacturing overhauler helper, yarn manufacturing fixer, spinner, warper tender, section leader, cloth grader, frame servicer, lift truck operator, size...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Employment Qualifications, Finishing, Job...
In an effort to examine student transfer behavior from Oakton College (OC) in Des Plaines, Illinois, to public universities in the state, OC obtained from the Illinois Board of Higher Education (IBHE), a dataset of all students who received a bachelor's degree from an Illinois public university between 1980 and 1988, and then matched social security numbers from the IBHE dataset with all students on OC data files beginning in fall 1970, the first semester OC was open. When a match was found,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Persistence, College Graduates, College Transfer Students, Community...
Drawing primarily upon empirical research which examines how interviewee communication impacts on interviewer hiring decision in the employment interview, this report examines that research with the intention of developing instructional recommendations as well as identifying more pervasive, instructional issues. Research related to: (1) pre-interview communication, particularly resume materials; (2) nonverbal communication; and (3) verbal communication during the interview is reviewed and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Communication Research, Communication Skills, Employment Interviews, Higher...