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Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive

ERIC

The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is an internet-based digital library of education research and information sponsored by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education. ERIC provides access to bibliographic records of journal and non-journal literature from 1966 to the present. ERIC also contains a growing collection of materials in Adobe PDF format. ERIC's mission is to provide a comprehensive, easy-to-use, searchable Internet-based bibliographic ...



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Statewide Longitudinal Data Systems (SLDS) provide the information and tools needed to inform policies, practices and decisions at every level to improve student achievement and system performance. It is equally important that there are policies and practices to protect personally identifiable information and to ensure the confidentiality and security of this sensitive information. Linking limited data elements from different sectors is sometimes necessary to generate actionable information...
Topics: ERIC Archive, State Agencies, Student Records, Privacy, Information Security, Confidentiality,...
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2009 reading assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. Overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, comparison of the average score in 2009 to other states/jurisdictions, average scores for state/jurisdiction and nation (public), results for student groups in 2009, and score gaps for student groups...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Achievement Gains, Achievement Gap, Comparative Analysis, Educational Assessment,...
Ways in which middle schools can better prepare their students are presented in this report. It discusses the national pattern of underachievement in basic mathematics and science and details how schools served by the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) report that almost 50 percent of their eighth-graders are below the basic level in math. Of particular concern are students in low-income districts, from rural areas, and girls. The report explores why these gaps in performance exist and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Educational Assessment, Educational Change, Educational...
There is no defined theory for teaching Qualitative Inquiry, and very few studies have focused on the topic. This study is a qualitative case study focused on the Qualitative Methods course that I teach at a college of education in Israel. The aim of the study is to explore and describe the course, to provide a true picture of my pedagogy, and to learn from it. The participants are 30 student-teachers, aged 25-46, who teach in elementary schools and have no previous research experience....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Case Studies, Foreign Countries, Data Collection, Observation,...
The purpose of this literature review is to examine the differences in the use of sabbatical leave among the arenas of general higher education, industry, and professional-technical/community college. The purposes and policies applied to sabbatical leave, along with the cost of using sabbatical leave in these three environments are compared and contrasted to determine what similarities and differences exist. The potential benefits of the use of sabbatical leave to enhance organizational...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Community Colleges, Industry, Sabbatical Leaves, Cost...
After World War II, the United States decided to support much of its basic research through universities. That decision invigorated research with the energy, abilities, and fresh perspectives of students, while creating a fertile training ground for future researchers. Doctoral education in the U.S.--the education and training of Ph.D.s--became a combination of study and apprenticeship. As a result, doctoral students work with faculty mentors in teaching and research, in addition to their...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mentors, Doctoral Programs, Research, Apprenticeships, Higher Education, College...
THIS ARTICLE PRESENTS SIZE AND GROWTH VELOCITY DATA COLLECTED DURING A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF 111 NORMAL, HEALTHY NEGRO INFANTS FROM LOWER-MIDDLE-CLASS FAMILIES. DATA WERE OBTAINED FROM BIRTH RECORDS AND MEASUREMENTS TAKEN DURING ROUTINE PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS. WHEN THIS NEGRO SAMPLE WAS COMPARED WITH WHITE INFANTS IN SIMILAR STUDIES IT WAS FOUND THAT, IN GENERAL, PELVIC BREADTH AND HEAD AND CHEST CIRCUMFERENCE WERE SLIGHTLY LARGER AMONG WHITES. GROWTH VELOCITIES WERE ALSO HIGHER AMONG WHITES,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Blacks, Charts, Comparative Analysis, Graphs, Growth Patterns, Infants, Longitudinal...
As the world has evolved during the past century, so has the nature of career counseling. In the past, the profession focused predominantly on a directive and assessment-driven approach to career development that favored matching clients with the "right" job in order to facilitate their occupational decisions. In recent years, however, numerous voices have championed a broader view of career development that is more holistic in nature and supports a kaleidoscope of new ideas. At the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Counseling, Career Development, Counseling Techniques, Creative Activities,...
Students have long regarded science as a difficult subject because of hard and abstract concepts. Traditional science teaching has been depended mostly on visual instruction. This makes it difficult for visually impaired (VI) or partially sighted students included in regular classrooms to learn the concepts. Blind students on the other hand, have no visual input at all. They need to learn using other senses such as touching and hearing. Classrooms should be adapted and instruction should be...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Visual Impairments, Special Education, Special Needs Students, Science Instruction,...
Statistics anxiety, which is experienced by as many as 80% of graduate students, has been found to weaken performance in statistics and research methodology courses. This study examined the prevalence of procrastination on statistics assignments among graduate students and the relationship between academic procrastination and six dimensions of statistics anxiety. Participants were 135 graduate students enrolled in 3 sections of a required introductory-level educational research course at a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Anxiety, Graduate Students, Graduate Study, Higher Education, Statistics, Student...
One of the major concerns of the Engineering Accreditation Council (EAC) is the need for an effective monitoring and evaluation of program outcome domains that can be associated with courses taught under the Mechanical Engineering program. However, an effective monitoring method that can determine the results of each program outcome using Bloom's Taxonomy has not yet been established for each course. The purpose of this research is to conduct a Big Picture Assessment to achieve Outcome-Based...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Engineering, Engineering Education, Curriculum Development,...
Teachers need to be proficient in the application of word analysis skills in order to insure their ability to provide adequate instruction to others. This study reports on the development of a word analysis test which evaluates potential teachers' ability to apply nine structural analysis generalizations before and after instruction in word analysis. The tests were administered to 83 students enrolled in teacher education courses in basic reading skills before instruction in syllabication was...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Diagnostic Teaching, Postsecondary Education, Reading Instruction, Reading Research,...
In this brief, the authors examine the level of access to school counselors, and how this access is mediated by district demographic and location characteristics. Using a large nationally representative data source compiled from the 2013-2104 Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC), the 2014 Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE), and 2007 urban centric locales made available by the U.S. Census Bureau, the authors examine trends in school counselor access.
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Districts, School Counselors, Counselor Client Ratio, Rural Schools, Urban...
This document establishes the bases, general guidelines, basic areas, and procedures for educational research conducted in Colombia. The philosophy underlying research objectives is explained. There is special interest in social research concerning the condition of man and of the social groups that will be the targets of education, and in research concerning the causes for those conditions. Another general topic for research is the failings and deficiencies of the present educational system....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum Design, Educational Administration, Educational Improvement, Educational...
This bibliography includes an overview of the literature on alternative education. The overview places the literature under five headings: critical literature; reform literature; reconstructional literature; experimental literature; and directories, manuals, and clearinghouse information. (JF)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Annotated Bibliographies, Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Educational...
This annotated bibliography lists print and nonprint resources on educating students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), with special emphasis on inclusive settings. Information provided for the 26 print resources includes bibliographic data, an abstract, and a source which is usually the ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) system or commercial publishers. Eleven video programs on ADHD are also briefly described. A list of publishers' addresses completes the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attention Deficit Disorders, Classroom Techniques, Elementary Secondary Education,...
Although differing in enrollment, student-teacher ratio, admissions policy, cost, curriculum content, and geographic location of students, the Southeast Missouri State University Library (SEMSU) developed a successful bibliographic instruction program based on Earlham College's Bibliographic Instruction Conference of November 17 and 18, 1977. Designed to enhance students' research skills and to give librarians a more active role in the educational process, the program provided bibliographic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Analysis of Variance, College Libraries, College Students, English Curriculum, Higher...
The author discusses "the parallels between learning English as a foreign language and learning English as a native language and their relevance for the construction of appropriate teaching materials." Four postulates or language universals are presented about the order in which children learn the phonological features of their native language (after Jakobson). The author concludes that "certain phonemes are either more easily perceived visually or acoustically or...are more...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Applied Linguistics, Child Language, English (Second Language), Language Acquisition,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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THE NATIONAL INDIAN POLICY HAS RANGED FROM PREPARING THE INDIAN FOR ASSIMILATION INTO THE GENERAL POPULATION TO PREPARATION FOR LIVING IN HIS OWN GROUP. INDIAN EDUCATION, WHICH HAS BEEN CONTROLLED BY THIS POLICY, MAY BE DIVIDED INTO FOUR GENERAL PERIODS--(1) UNTIL 1870 THE POLICY WAS THE EXCLUSION OF INDIANS FROM NATIONAL LIFE, (2) THE POLICY WAS TO REMAKE THE INDIANS IN THE IMAGE OF THE WHITE FARMER OF RURAL AMERICA BETWEEN 1870-1930, (3) BETWEEN 1930 AND 1960 THERE WAS A GRADUAL SHIFT TO THE...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Acculturation, American Indians, Cultural Background, Cultural...
FOLLOWING THE GUIDELINES SET FORTH BY THE ENGLISH TEACHER PREPARATION STUDY (ETPS), 17 ENGLISH EDUCATION SPECIALISTS IDENTIFIED TWO MAJOR CONCERNS REGARDING METHODS COURSES--(1) THE CONTENT PRESENTED AND (2) THE BACKGROUND AND PROFESSIONAL PREPARATION OF THE INSTRUCTOR. SPECIFICALLY, THE CONTENT OF METHODS COURSES MIGHT INCLUDE--(1) ENGLISH METHODS HISTORY, (2) GRAMMARS, (3) ORAL COMPOSITION, (4) LISTENING SKILLS, (5) WRITTEN COMPOSITION, (6) READING, (7) LITERATURE, AND (8) PROFESSIONAL AND...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Instruction, Course Content, Curriculum Development, English Education,...
This study, conducted at Loyola University, Chicago, tested the effectiveness of two short courses on the performance of student teachers in high school English instruction. Eleven student teachers, during 1965-66, formed the control group which followed the usual teacher training syllabus. Eleven others, during 1966-67, formed an experimental group which reviewed the fundamental principles of a high school speech course, focusing on those elements particularly applicable to teaching high...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Discussion (Teaching Technique), English Instruction, Questioning Techniques,...
To satisfy the ongoing demands of external communities, education faculty at liberal arts colleges often make curricular and instructional compromises within their programs which can adversely affect the developmental goals of liberal education. This article highlights several of the complex tensions faculty members face in offering their candidates a program that equips them for professional practice yet still explores the larger scope of what it means to be fully human. It describes a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Education Programs, Liberal Arts, Models, Role of Education,...
In this paper we examine the development of children's metamemory and provide practical implications of research findings for the classroom. In the first part of the paper we define and discuss the global concept of metacognition, the component processes of metacognition and the importance of each component to children's learning. We then examine the development of children's knowledge about memory and ability to monitor memory (i.e., metamemory). We focus, in particular, on seven major...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Literature Reviews, Child Development, Metacognition, Educational Research, Memory,...
This manuscript was prepared after the author spent a year in Germany studying the problems of vocational education with special reference to the application of German methods in American schools. The author discusses in a clear and concise manner four interesting and important problems in vocational education in Germany, about which there is need of information in the United States. They are: (1) Continuation schools for boys in unskilled occupations in Berlin; (2) Continuation schools for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Vocational Education, Foreign Countries, Demography, Industrial Education, Teaching...
A plan is provided for a lesson on disk operating systems (DOS) for managers. Twenty-five lesson objectives are listed, followed by suggestions for learning activities and special resources. In the presentation section, key points and content are provided for 25 instructional topics that correspond to the 25 lesson objectives. The topics are as follows: hardware, hardware and software definitions, disk operation systems, bootstrap procedures, DOS command types, common filenames and extensions,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrators, Adult Education, Computer Literacy, Computer Oriented Programs,...
This inquiry demonstrated how the educational assumptions underlying the Montessori Method can be applied to constructing educational objectives and evaluating programs for culturally disadvantaged children. Initially, it was shown how these assumptions concentrate upon significant areas of human development. Then, information about perceptual-motor deficiencies was combined with the educational assumptions to construct educational objectives which can be used to design and evaluate...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Enrichment, Disadvantaged, Educational Objectives, Feedback, Independent...
A long-range Swedish research project is attempting to describe the role of broadcast media in society as seen by both communicator and receiver. The first section of the study, now taking place, is examining television audiences to determine what they watch, why they watch it, what they think of what they see, and what kind of audience, in terms of social status, interests, social activity level, and linguistic and cultural frames of reference, tunes in what programs. A later part of the study...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Audiences, Broadcast Industry, Programing (Broadcast), Radio, Research Methodology,...
This postdoctoral fellowship program involved the following three phases: 1) systematic instruction in the sociology of complex organizations with particular emphasis on the organizational analysis of schools and schooling; 2) systematic instruction in multivariate regression approaches to non-experimental research with particular emphasis on techniques designed to facilitate casual interences from non-experimental data; and 3) an extensive internship drawing upon the competencies of both...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Research, Fellowships, Postdoctoral Education, School Organization,...
Student replies to 6 of the 14 questions on the Student Census Project questionnaire, administered to 23,060 classes in 2,376 schools in Vancouver in 1971, are presented. These replies relate to where the student and his parents were born; what school they attended on June 1, 1970; hours of TV watched during the week; books read per month; and most important single reason for attending school. An appendix provides a copy of the complete questionnaire; see TM 002 480. (DB)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Data Collection, Educational Research, Questionnaires, School Surveys, Statistical...
This study was undertaken to determine students' views of their experiences in studying the basic sciences in first year medical school. Emphasis was placed on the processes of learning employed. An instrument was developed consisting of verbs or phrases describing various behaviors performed by a scientist when doing science. Such activities included observation, measurement, hypothesizing, predicting, interpreting data and other mental and tactile operations. The instrument was administered...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum, Dental Schools, Educational Research, Learning, Learning Activities,...
After opening with a 13-page review of the literature, the document's main emphasis is on the three experiments included in this report. The specific rationale, procedures, and results of the three studies comprise the major portion of the document. The general purpose of Experiment 1 was to ascertain the effects of prior relevant subject matter knowledge, differentially structured introductory learning materials, and differentially sequenced learning tasks on learning acquisition and transfer....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Abstract Reasoning, Adult Learning, Affective Behavior, Cognitive Development,...
Investigated were the attitudes of 430 adults toward mentally retarded children. In addition to providing information on demographic characteristics, definition of retardation and degree of contact with retarded people, the Ss rated 48 attitudinal statements pertaining to retarded children. Factor analysis of questionnaire responses revealed four underlying attitude factors: positive stereotype, segregation in the community, segregation in the classroom, and perceived physical and intellectual...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Attitudes, Exceptional Child Research, Mainstreaming, Mental Retardation,...
This paper discusses two related needs in the field of educational leadership preparation: the need for a greater clinical emphasis in administrator preparation programs, and the need for a national network of leadership learning centers that would act as a "central nervous system" for education. Increased emphasis on clinical learnings would spur development of the specific leadership skills that are necessary in today's educational environment. A central nervous system linking...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Education, Clinical Experience, Coordination, Educational Cooperation,...
If older children automatically label pictorial stimuli, then their performance should be impaired on tasks in which such labeling would increase the error rate. Children were asked to learn pairs of verbal or pictorial stimuli which, when combined, formed a different compound word (BUTTER-FLY). Subsequently, a false recognition test that included the compound was administered. The error data indicated that verbal labeling occurred only among the older children. (Author)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Children, Cognitive Processes, Elementary School Students, Error Patterns, Memory,...
This unit, one in a set of teacher-developed materials for elementary geography, emphasizes that children act as geographers in activities that use a classroom as the environment. Exploration and discovery through game playing and maps are the techniques used for instruction as an alternative approach to content teaching by discussion. The first part of the unit provides examples of the geographic perspectives of young people, and the second part suggests three exploration games that can be...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Discovery Learning, Educational Games, Elementary Education,...
This minicourse was prepared for use with secondary physics students in the Dallas Independent School District and is one option in a physics program which provides for the selection of topics on the basis of student career needs and interests. This minicourse was aimed at helping the student relate the concepts of work, power, energy, momentum, and simple machines to sports. The minicourse was designed for independent student use with close teacher supervision and was developed as an ESEA...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Athletics, Individualized Instruction, Instructional Materials, Physics, Program...
The instructional leadership model presented here consists of three types of sequential processes: (1) Agreeing on achievement outcomes and standards. Once the teacher and administrator have agreed on what outcomes to teach, they can then agree on some indicators as to how well and at what rate students attain these outcomes. (2) Sharing achievement information. The teacher and administrator establish a simple, convenient information channel whereby the administrator is kept informed of student...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Administrators, Competency Based Education, Educational...
In the operation of vacuum filters and belt filters, it is desirable to evaluate the performance of different types of filter media and conditioning processes. The filter leaf test, which is used to evaluate these items, is described. Designed for individuals who have completed National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) level 1 laboratory training skills, this module provides waste water treatment plant operators with the basic skills and information needed to: (1) successfully run...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Instructional Materials, Laboratory Procedures, Postsecondary Education, Sludge,...
Accrediting agencies for Colleges and Schools of Business such as the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business International (AACSB) and the Association of Collegiate Business Schools and Programs (ACBSP) require that business programs incorporate both an international dimension and an active learning component in developing their business curriculum. One avenue business schools can use to accomplish both of these goals is to provide abbreviated study abroad programs for students...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, International Education, Business Administration Education, Foreign...
This paper is concerned with the methods and techniques used in adult education in order to allow the educator to successfully respond to suitable learning experiences on the part of the learner as well as to reinforce interaction between the learners. The strategies adopted, teaching aids and the choice of suitable teaching material also is discussed in order to achieve a successful outcome in the learning process. The goal of the educator is not only to transfer knowledge but also to urge the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Andragogy, Social Change, Transformative Learning, Educational Methods, Educational...
To report research on different instructional methods and variables, to indicate limitations of the research, and to suggest criteria for methods for particular learning goals, this review discusses and evaluates several major instructional methods: lectures, lesson-demonstration, programed instruction, case studies, tutorials, brainstorming, discussion groups, sensitivity training, role playing, system training, discovery training, student centered learning, and instructor centered learning....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attitude Change, Class Size, Cognitive Processes, Communication (Thought Transfer),...
Fourteen articles present an overview of ideas expressed about school public relations. Some of the topics discussed include: (1) Training in communication, (2) school problems as seen by public relations men, (3) financing and improving communications, (4) making decisions about adopting innovations, (5) problems in ghetto communities, (6) public relations programs, (7) school public relations personnel, and (8) methods of communication. A bibliography lists recent significant literature in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrators, Communication Problems, Educational Finance, Educational Innovation,...
This ESEA/Title I project reports a longitudinal comparison of pupils from 21 More Effective Schools (MES) with pupils from nine control schools in New York City. The Metropolitan Achievement Tests were administered to pupils in grades 2 through 6 in all MES and in selected control schools. Alternate forms were used at initial testing time in October 1965 and at final testing time in April 1967. Data were treated in three ways: (1) Growth in grade scores was compared with normal growth over the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disadvantaged, Disadvantaged Schools, Educational Facilities Improvement, Reading...
The educational picture of the Mexican American is seriously impaired by the lack of Mexican Americans in schools of higher education. The high school graduate has had his cultural values and language assailed by the dominant Anglo culture. Psychologically scarred, he is faced with other impediments to personal and educational achievement. He is confronted with weak counseling programs, inadequate study habits, culture and value conflict, lack of adequate guidance and encouragement, the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adjustment (to Environment), Counseling, Culture Conflict, Dropouts, Educational...
This study was designed to investigate the following question: what treatment is most effective for particular types of clients with a specific problem. One of the objectives of the study was to determine if any relationship existed between two predictor variables (perceptual orientation: field independence-dependence, and personality type: extraversion-introversion) and treatment effects as shown by the criterion variables. The reasons for using these two predictor variables are that studies...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Consultation Programs, Counseling, Counselor Role, Perceptual Development,...
The materials and methods described in this report constitute an integrated system which allows a professional educator with a minimum of data processing experience to teach a course in computer technology. The course is divided into three teaching modules--(1) general background and programing, (2) techniques and applications, and (3) advanced applications to individual disciplines. For each instructional unit in a teaching module a unit description is given, the unit's content is outlined,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Computer Science Education, Course Descriptions, Data Processing, Instructional...
Of primary interest in this study was the effect of general ability on learning. It was hypothesized that students higher in general ability would obtain higher posttest scores on the average than lower ability students, and that verbal and figural explanatory supplements to minimal instructional materials would reduce the regression of general ability on outcome. It was expected that students with higher aptitude scores would obtain higher posttest scores. The effects of a more task-specific...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Ability, Aptitude Tests, Aptitude Treatment Interaction, Educational...
This study addressed the assessment and development of problem-solving skills of college students. A mathematics-oriented computer-assisted instruction (CAI) program with an embedded general problem-solving strategy was developed. A related computer-managed instruction (CMI) module maintained student progress and phased out the problem-solving assistance as students became more skilled at solving problems. Effectiveness was evaluated by pre- and post-tests and questionnaires administered to 37...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Managed Instruction,...
This document presents a review of literature to 1972 on institutional research. Areas of concern include definitions, purposes, functions, and origins of institutional research. Organizations contributing to institutional research and their current status are indicated. A 70-item bibliography is included. Related document is ED 071 541. (MJM)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bibliographies, College Administration, College Planning, Decision Making,...
This paper addresses itself to the question of whether the high degree of abstractness in Chomsky's and Halle's analysis of English vowels is justified. Secondarily, two related topics are discussed: (1) limitations on the tongue-height features [+low] and [+high] and (2) the role of rule features in phonological rules. Numerous examples of a more simplified representational system are provided, as well as a brief bibliography. (DD)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Abstract Reasoning, Phonology, Phonetics
This report is one of three concerning the 1972-73 field test of the Inquiry Role Approach (IRA) to biology teaching developed by the staff of the Mid-Continent Regional Educational Laboratory (McREL), Kansas City, Missouri. This paper is focused on the measurement of social skills and attitudinal development of IRA biology students. The IRA program develops social skills by using four-member teams with specific role designations. The four roles are Team Coordinator, Technical Advisor, Data...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attitudes, Biology, Educational Research, Instruction, Program Implementation,...
This report reviews programs of individualized instruction in the basic skills of mathematics, language arts, science, and social education as well as in new curriculums which foster the skills needed for social education as well and emotional growth. The development and operation of an experience-based model for career education is described, and a new project dealing with planning schools for the future is discussed. The document also reviews programs which focus on the training of school...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Education, Annual Reports, Career Education, Curriculum Development,...
This program guide is a supplement to the occupational cluster guides (CE 001 286-295) and contains in detail the background, philosophy, and descriptive information needed for their successful implementation. An introductory section discusses teaching children with special needs, emphasizing ways of matching teaching methods to the particular problem area. Guidelines are presented for organizing, planning, and developing cooperative teaching programs, and a model is described. The roles of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Basic Skills, Employment Qualifications, Job Skills, Occupational Clusters, Program...
Reported is the 1970-71 school year of Vermont's Consulting Teacher Program (Chittenden Central) during which consultants assisted 36 regular and special classroom teachers in individualizing the instruction of 88 handicapped elementary school students. Such program objectives are identified as the retraining on two levels of 40 regular class teachers in special educational services, and establishment of referral, parental involvement, and followup systems. The report documents the number of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Annual Reports, Behavior Change, Case Studies, Consultants, Elementary Education,...
This interim report is concerned with the analysis of educational experiments and quasiexperiments where alternative teaching methods are applied to intact classes or where alternative programs are set up in samples of schools or communities. Generally, such studies have used the class, the school, or the community as the unit of sampling with the consequence that investigators have based the number of degrees of freedom in their statistical calculations on the number of classes. However, the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Analysis of Variance, Classroom Research, Educational Research, Multiple Regression...
This investigation is based on the belief that it is imperative to establish operative school-agency communication if the field instructional agency is to be an educationally focused learning experience for the student. Through the existing governmental organizations, a subcommittee was formed to work toward this objective. The subcommittee evaluated existing methods of communication, revised those that were deemed ineffective, and implemented new ones. It is anticipated that better...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Communication Problems, Educational Needs, Educational Quality, Field Experience...
A new federal initiative calls for a College Scorecard which will include a yet to be determined measure of graduate earnings. In this paper we examine the political context that drives this initiative and examine the nascent efforts of four states to develop statewide systems to measure the labor market outcomes of higher education. We propose five principles to support a system that would generate valid labor market measures that could cut across all segments of higher education in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Outcomes of Education, Education Work Relationship, College Graduates, Labor Market,...
The Center for the Study of Education Policy utilized several grants to develop principal preparation program tools to assist programs in the implementation of the new standards and requirements for the licensure of school principals and assistant principals. Also, with the help of another grant in partnership with several PK-12 school districts, additional tools were developed for both the university and school districts to use in implementing a program for the development of potential...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Principals, Administrator Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Program...
Little information exists on the basic elements of diversity recruiting on college campuses. A set of questions was developed for the Collegiate Employment Research Institute's (CERI's) annual college hiring survey that attempted to capture the current practices and benchmarks being employed by organizations in their diversity recruiting programs. This report begins by examining how organizations define diversity. In the other sections, topics cover the degree to which diversity recruiting is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Benchmarking, Student Diversity, Student Employment, Organizational Culture,...
Recent federal immigration policy has focused on individuals who were brought to the U.S. by their guardians. In June 2012, former President Barack Obama signed an executive order to implement Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, widely known as DACA. DACA is organized to allow individuals who came to this country as children with an opportunity to apply for temporary legal status in the United States. Individuals who are "DACAmented" are able to attend a postsecondary institution...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Immigration, Undocumented Immigrants, Public Policy, Federal...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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In recent years, there has been a tremendous increase in the popularity of distance education among higher-education administrators. Students in growing numbers are also taking advantage of the flexibility and accessibility that distance education offers. This growth, however, has been a mixed blessing since it derives from using the Internet without fully taking advantage of personalized instruction and learning that the telecommunication and computer nexus offers. Thus, many institutions are...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Computer Uses in Education, Educational Technology, Information Technology,...
The focus for most consumers of federal education program services is the end product. Of concern to these consumers--students, teachers, and principals--are the quality of the service, the timeliness of the service delivery, and the relevance of the services to the particular need. To ensure that federal education programs can be effective for children attending private schools, it is critical to be actively involved in the legislative process. This article explores an attempt to change and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Federal Programs, Private Schools, Public Policy, Advocacy, Delivery Systems, Program...
Use of new technologies in university training is an ongoing reality today. However, the inequalities that exist among university students are the source of an important problem. Such inequalities need to be detected and
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, College Freshmen, Qualitative Research,...
Authenticity is a basic personality characteristic that has an important influence on both the psychological and social lives of individuals. Subjective vitality also assumes a facilitative role regarding positive mental health indicators. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the predictive role of authenticity on subjective vitality. The participants consisted of 329 university students who completed the Authenticity Scale as well as the Subjective Vitality Scale. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Personality Traits, Prediction, Structural Equation Models, Mental Health,...
The paper focuses on analysing grade 12 learner errors and the misconceptions in calculus at a secondary school in Limpopo Province, South Africa. As part of the analysis the paper outlines the nature of mathematics errors and misconceptions. Coding of learners' errors was done through the lens of a typological framework. The analysis showed that most of the errors and misconceptions were due to knowledge gaps in basic algebra. Also noted was that errors and misconceptions in calculus were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, Grade 12, Foreign Countries, Error Patterns, Calculus, Mathematics...
Iin urban communities across the nation, a broad range of partners have committed to reinventing educational time together to ensure equitable access to rich learning opportunities for all young people. Across the nation, education partners are using their creativity, commitment, and unique resources to create new school and system designs that challenge the "what," "who," and "why" of the public education system. Together these voices, stories, and reflections...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Opportunities, Access to Education, Partnerships in Education, Equal...
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of modality and redundancy principles on the attitude and learning of music theory among primary pupils of different aptitudes in Jordan. The lesson of music theory was developed in three different modes, audio and image (AI), text with image (TI) and audio with image and text (AIT). The study sample consisted of 405 third-grade pupils. Analyses of covariance (ANCOVA) and Post hoc were carried out to examine the main effects as well as...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Learning, Student Attitudes, Computer...
The discourse about information technology is often overlooked by researchers and scholars as a means of understanding the recent process of computerization in education. The research explores this phenomenon through a comparative discourse analysis of primary and secondary school teachers and promoters of ICT integration. The results show that promoters tend to view ICT as a way of transforming education whereas teachers see it only as a means to an end. The former's vision is borrowed from a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classroom Environment, Classroom Techniques, Discourse Analysis, Comparative...
Cyberbullying is a concern for any college or university. Digital harassment incidents are featured daily in the news. The authors of this study examine the perceptions of students on cyberbullying at a major metropolitan university. From the findings of a student survey, the authors learn of high levels of perceptions on incidents as an issue but low levels of perceptions on institutional methods of response and sensitivity at the university. This study will be beneficial as cyberbullying is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Student Attitudes, Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication,...
This paper examines the attitudes of student teachers in social studies towards an educational research assignment, undertaken in an educational research methods course given at the Fatih Faculty of Education at Karadeniz Technical University, Turkey. A questionnaire containing open-ended questions and an interview were used in the data-collection process of this research. 74 student teachers answered the questionnaire; 20 of these teachers were selected for interview through a random sampling...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Research, Teacher Education, Student Teacher...
This study reports on the kind of school leadership style that best suits for promoting teachers' job satisfaction in primary schools in Tanzania. The study employed cross sectional research design with samples of 200 teachers from 20 selected primary schools in Songea and Morogoro districts. Interviews, documentary analysis and questionnaires were used to collect data. The data were analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively using tables, frequencies and percentages. It was found that the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Leadership Styles, Influences, Teacher Attitudes, Job...
This study investigates the effects of the CMC applications on the ESL/EFL writing anxiety. This is a descriptive study using a mixed-method that adopted both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Three instruments were employed to answer the research questions of the current study which are Second Language Writing Anxiety Inventory (SLWAI), Semi-structured Interview, and Documents Observation. The respondents consisted of twenty eight post-graduate ESL/EFL students who enrolled in the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Graduate Students, English (Second Language), Second Language...
The study examined how attitudes and subjective norms could be used to predict participation intention of adults in continuing education. In this research, attitudes comprised the two variables of positive attitude and negative attitude and subjective norms included normative belief and motivation to comply. Structural equation modeling using a maximum likelihood estimator was used to test the data collected from 752 adult respondents in Hong Kong, China. The results indicated that the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Continuing Education, Adults, Intention, Participation, Positive Attitudes, Negative...
One of the most important functions of learning is the formation of identity. From a hermeneutical viewpoint the formation of ipse-identity is, to a large extent, based on the meaning of the learning experiences. The following questions guide our research: first, what meanings do Estonian and Finnish students gain from curricular facts? And second, what do students in the two countries consider important to learn for their future? The theoretical framework of the study is based on ontological...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Student Attitudes, Educational Attitudes, Comparative Education,...