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The Literature review examines the theoretical, empirical and meta-analysis development in leadership literature. Substantial effort has gone in to clarify different dimensions of leadership, by generating considerable attention on the organizational and social research of leadership theories, styles, and behaviors. The study on leadership literature review brings out that over the period of time the researchers have redefined and modified the theories and practices of leadership development,...
Topics: Leadership, Leadership Theories, Leadership Styles, Leadership Development, Autocratic Leader,...
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by Sachin Kumar, Nempal Singh, Kapil Sirohi, Pushpendra Singh & Manoj Kumar
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A development of prospective synthetic methods to produce Pyridine including those of complex structure will allow to makes the latter more available and hence Pyridine bases will be widely used in industry. In this paper the Hetrocyclization of Acetylenes with nitriles catalyzed by chromium Complex has been carried out. We have limited our aim to study the chromium catalyzed activation of bifunctional vinyl halide a-Bromoacrylic amides with 1, 3 dienes and alkynes to form an unsaturated...
Topics: Chromium Complex, 1.1-(4- Methoxyphenyl)-3(1 Phenyl-(E)- Methylidene)- 2, 3, 3a, 4, 5, 7a-...
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ABSTRACT Apart from the theme of oppressive nature of Indian joint family system and its morbid shadow on the individual's social and psychological, behaviour, Mahesh Dattani treads another area—human sexuality—both in its natural and so-called unnatural facets, in his play Seven Steps around the Fire. Eunuchs in India generally belong to the hijra community. Hijras are found all over India leading a pathetic life devoid of any social recognition. They are objects of mistrust, ridicule and...
Topics: KEYWORDS: Eunuchs, Hijras, Unnatural, Marginal, Ridicule, Contempt
In this paper, we discuss e-waste, the trade of e-waste, the advantages and disadvantages of the e-waste trade. We also discuss the laws and regulations related to the e-waste trade at the national level in India. We find that the stockpile of ewaste has been increasing over the period both due to domestic production and the import of the e-waste. E-waste and its trade have both positive and negative effects on human health and the environment, however, the disadvantages are far more and...
Topics: E-Waste, Trade, Environment, India
India is a multicultural country which hosts different cultures and ideologies. In India, transgenders have a very ancient history. They used to enjoy a good position and adorned different official posts in pre-colonial India. Colonization in India bought a lot of change in the lives of transgenders. They were named and treated as criminals and different laws were brought against them. This resulted in the marginalization of transgenders in society. However, the recent developments in India are...
Topics: Transgenders, Hijra, Gender, Colonization, Marginalization
Discourse analysis is the analysis of the language in use. It views language in a social context and studies the use of it above the sentence level. Discourse marker is a feature of discourse analysis, which adds coherence to the text. The most significant quality of discourse markers is that they do not always perform a single function. A writer may use a marker by placing it in a different context to serve other functions.
Topic: Discourse Analysis: Discourse Markers: Coherence: Function
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Developing skills in the population speeds up the process of human capital formation, along with physical capital accumulation The three most important pillars of human capital formation are education, health and technical knowledge (skill)
Topics: Human Capital Formation, Physical Capital, Economic Growth, Education, Health
Turnaround strategy refers to actions that are put in place to enable a firm facing distress or underperforming to return to normalcy in terms of acceptable levels of profitability, solvency, liquidity and cash flow. Top management change strategy is one of the turnaround strategies and it means employing an effective leadership style that is able to motivate and support the employees whilst making strategic changes to the organization’s capital, financial well-being and operations. The study...
Topics: Top Management Change, Turnaround Strategy, Performance, Manufacturing Firms
Listening’ stands first in the order of language learning, and about one third of our time is spent in listening during the process of communication. Aural skills, being a receptive skill, is rarely taught and learnt as an individual skill. In order to examine this little studied skill, a university sub-project was undertaken to test the aural skills of undergraduate agricultural students with interactive software at their entry level.
Topics: Aural Skills, Listening Skills, Language Laboratory, ESL
Tragedy is an eternally powerful dramatic representation in literature that, across generations, has stood the test of time and gripped audiences with its strong and realistic protagonists whose tragic flaw may be their downfall. However, the question must be asked: how realistic is this tragic flaw put forth? Does the male tragic protagonist’s tragic flaw lie solely within him and not the circumstances around him? And what about the existence of female tragic protagonists? To answer these...
Topics: Female, Male, Tragic Flaw, Tragic Protagonist
The needle punched nonwoven can be used as automotive interiors. The needle punched product can full-fill this purpose. This will be eco-friendly and also serves as an alternative material.
Topics: Needle Punched Web, Cotton, Kapok, Recycled Polyesters, Thermal Conductivity
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The vast majority of Automatic Teller Machines (ATMs) researches is mostly focused on security and ATM modeling, but no study has considered extracting financial information from the electronic journal (EJs). ATM Customer transactions are recorded in a semi-structured text file called EJ. This makes it difficult to run a direct search query on such format to resolve transaction disputes in banks. This research focuses on how to extract financial information from ATM EJs. An EJ Parser algorithm...
Topics: Automatic Teller Machine (ATM), ATM State chart, EJ Parser, ATM Electronic Journal, EJs, EJ, NDC,...
History as we know has been through a lot, it has been modified changed and reshaped to fit the personal versions of perfections that suit the best interests of people of each era. It’s a long pain striking process to dissect the already brutally mutilated versions of history to find an ounce of reality in each of the accounts. This paper is the first of a series of ten short research papers which would in a very brief manner deal with all the neglected grey areas of Indian history.
Topics: Instinctive, Inquires, Indian, History, Rewrite, Protagonist, Antiquity, Chronicles, Disoriented,...
The concept of security is now become a relative terms in international system. The realist notion of military security has been the core area in the concept of security, but non-security aspects have been incorporated as a part of security discourse since late 1980s.
Topics: India, China, Pakistan, Security, Security Dilemma, Nexus
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In India a system of ritualised prostitution, known as Devadasi System, exists. In this system a girl, usually before reaching the age of puberty, is dedicated or married to a temple, continues in several southern states including Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Kerala and some parts of Maharastra and Orissa. Literally meaning „female servant of god, “Devadasi” is usually belong to the Dalit community. The word “Devadasi” originates from two Sanskrit words Deva ‟ which means...
Topics: Dalit Women, Devadasi, Hinduism, Indian Social System, History
Woman is exploited in patriarchal system.The patriarchal system allows man to have physical relationship outside marriage. It is normal in the view of society. But, even if a woman is suspected of having relation outside marriage, the men view it as if the calamity has fallen on their family. This is injustice to women.
Topics: Patriarchal System, Social State of Woman, Superstitions
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Marmas are the points which lie in our whole body. According to Ayurvedic literature at these points, the Prana (Jivaniya Shakti/ Vital energy) situated naturally. Acharya Sushruta  (Ayurvedic, surgeon of an ancient period) has described very nicely in the separate chapter known as Marma Sharira in Sharira Sthana. The science of Marma was extended by the physician and surgeons of ancient period to prevent death. A basic concept of Marma and concept of Chakras in Yoga and meridian system in...
Topics: Vidhura Marma, Facial Nerve, Vestibule-Cochlear Nerve, Stylomastoid Artery
The present research study aims to analyses the “Relationship between Social Sector Expenditure and Net State Domestic Product in Himachal Pradesh & Kerala”. The objectives of government policies can be accessed through social sector expenditure. The social sector expenditure largely determines the realization of the objective of growth with equity of the government. The government formulates programmers and schemes, and undertakes various social and economic activities, which aims at...
Topics: Social Sector Expenditure, Political and Economic Philosophy, Efficiency and equity, Economic...
In the modern world, it is our main responsibility to provide better e-government service to the citizens. Now-a-days government sectors face main problems like security, availability and reliability, scalability. House tax billing to the government office is one of them problem.
Topics: Cloud Computing Model, E-Government, E-Government Challenges
The article presents a synthesis of resources in different internationally areas (Europe, Africa, Middle East, Romania), physical map and positioning of the Carboniferous Basin Jiu Valley in Romania, and it is noted that the general economic development, with the declared objective for sustainability,
Topics: Coal Resources, Environment, Efficiency, Quality Conversion, New Post-Exploitation Economy
Unitary and federal are the main systems of governance; however, there are other systems of governments as well in modern politics. Some of the systems of politics have been changed due to the immediate needs of the country and the desire of the political leadership.
Topics: Constitution, Federalism, Governance, Need, System
Religious practice paved the way for Mithila painting to grow as a cultural phenomenon. In addition, the literature of the region further shaped its growth in corporation with the agricultural life style of common folk. Mithila painting, in the long run, is the product of interaction between the people who cultivated the mind and the one who cultivated the land.
Topics: Ritual, Aripan, Kohbar, Tantra & Women
Covid -19 pandemic has drastically changed the teaching-learning process. Our educational system in rural areas is not that efficient, even in the better times. Adding to this, the pace of the corona's spread has compelled the governments to shut down the educational institutions even after the lockdown resulting in the transition of physical learning to online. The developed countries, however, could cope with this scenario.
Topics: Covid-19 Pandemic, Digital Divide, Classroom Ambiance
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This research identifies the consumer preferences for the seed cotton grown with Integrate Pest Management (IPM) in the study area. The model of sustainable agriculture mostly emphasizes on enhancing the efficacy of agrochemical usage by the implementation of integrated pest management (IPM) technology. Farmers produce cotton irrespective of the need and preferences of the ginners. So, this study would help the farmers in cultivating and selling their cotton with regard to the need of the...
Topics: Conjoint Analysis, IPM, Cotton, Willingness to Pay
A survey was conceded on the insect-pests incidence in Basmati rice ecosystem in western Uttar Pradesh of India. In Western U. P. mainly Pusa Basmati-1121, Pusa Basmati-1, Pusa Basmati-6, Pusa Basmati-1509 and Vallabh-22 Basmati varieties are cultivated in which about 60 % area is covered by PB-1121. The crop is infested by many insect-pests which play a significant role in limiting Basmati rice production. Insect-pests infest all parts of the plant at all growth stages, and a few transmit...
Topics: Basmati rice, Survey, Insect-Pests, Residue and Pesticides
Value education is an important part of any education system. It is derived from different source of life. Traditional knowledge and culture is one of main source. Traditional knowledge is the most important property of rural folk. The livelihood of the rural folk is depending on traditional knowledge system. Some values are born in the mind of the native to practice their traditional knowledge. These values play an important role in their social behaviour and personal.
Topics: Value, Value Education, Traditional Knowledge, Bengali Traditional Culture
The Indian economy is one of the fastest expanding economies one arth and its growth and development are majorly dependent on the public and private sectors. The Government is continuously working on identifying key areas with the sole aim to upgrade, improve and strengthen the position of CPSEs. Owing to this fact
Topics: Maharatna Companies, SAIL, PPP Model, CPSE and Financial Performance
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Women’s autobiographies are supposed confessions of self and species. They are chronicles of women’s lives. In Kannada there are outfits of women’s perspectives. They are not revolutionary as they appear in Marathi
Topics: Women’s Perspectives, Subversive Strategies
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Aim of this paper is to highlights the Rajput Policy of Akbar and Aurangzeb. Mughal emperor Akbar implemented many policies during his reign, which also included 'The Rajput Policy'. Abul Fazl says that in order           “to soothe the mind of the zamidars, he entered into matrimonial relation with them”. In course of time, Akbar ex­panded and elaborated this policy. The Rajputs were the greatest obstacle in his pursuance of policy against the Hindus. Aurangzeb attempted to...
Topics: Rajput Policy, Mughal Emperor, Empire, Matrimonial Alliance Pilgrimage Tax, Jizya Tax, Mansabdars...
The subalternity of women has always been an extremely sensitive and crucial topic across works of literature. The text The Blue-necked God adequately portrays the aspects of women’s manifold sufferings.
Topics: Brahmanism, Women, Subaltern, Patriarchy, Tradition, Religion, Suppression, Exploitation
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by SHRADDHA KULKARNI
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This paper proposes that emotions play an important role in the leadership process. More precisely, it is proposed that emotional intelligence, the ability to understand and manage moods and emotions in the self and others, contributes to effective leadership in organizations. Four major aspects of emotional intelligence: (i) the appraisal and expression of emotion, (ii) the use of emotion to enhance cognitive processes, (iii) decision making, knowledge about emotions, and...
Topics: Emotional Intelligence, Leadership Effectiveness
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Andrew Marvell is one of the most distinguished representatives of the Metaphysical School. In his poem To His Coy Mistress, Marvell employs the literature skill of Defamiliarization to impress the readers, giving them a new reading experience. In terms of structure, he creates a structure that the time and space are inconsecutive to prolong the reading process of the readers.
Topics: Drama in Education, Drama Techniques, Language Learning, Perception
Right now seeming near the research of the particular calculations for their sensibility, probability, adaptability regarding the matter of cloud situation, after that we attempt to suggest the hybrid technique that might be grasped to improve the contemporary level further.
Topics: Cloud Computing, Met Heuristic, GA, PSO and VNPSO
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Machine Translation (MT) is a branch of Natural Language Processing (NLP). Machine translation industry tries to achieve translation excellence. Many translations systems were developed by various agencies for English-Indian language translations. The linguistic features of English and Indian languages are the main hindrance, which affects the quality of various MT systems. The on-line MT providers like Google translator, Bing translator and TDIL developed their system by using the techniques...
Topics: Natural Language Processing, Rule-Based Machine Translation System, Google NMT, Causative Verbs,...
The Covid 19 pandemic brought life to a standstill, but like water finds ways to flow out and reach its own level, so is the case with business houses, which have learnt to carve a way out of this pandemic to thrive and succeed. In the Real Estate sector, there has been a steady movement towards adoption of digital tools.
Topics: Digital Tools, COVID 19, Real Estate Developers, Digital Platforms, Lockdown Period, Marketing...
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by ALI REZA NABILOO
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This paper describes the mythological, symbolic and other peculiarity aspects of the Mediterranean in Persian literature. We find various kinds of myths in this literature, for example Mediterranean myth, Greek myth, Arabic myth and etc. These words allude to Mediterranean in Persian poem and prose: daryāyemeditarāne, daryāye Maqreb, daryāye rum, daryāyešām, daryāyeabyaz, daryāye tennis, bahre rum and bahreabyaz. These early Persian books include description about Mediterranean:...
Topics: Mediterranean, Wonders, Persian Literature
Covid-19, apart from being a threat to human life has also proved to be detrimental for global economy. It has slowed down the pace of economic growth and has forced us to change the way we do business. Like many other goods and services, demand for electricity and supply thereof have also been severely affected by this pandemic. This has changed the power mix too, in an environment friendly way. The road ahead seemed difficult considering the damage done by this pandemic but Indian economy is...
Topics: Covid-19, Lockdown, V Shaped Recovery, Renewable Sources
The rapid rise in need for travel in tourism industry over the past few years has increased the demand for intermediaries to link up travellers with experience. The study identifies and evaluates roles of tour guides in creating a good destination image, establishes the need for tour guides’ training to aid in tourism promotion and development, investigates challenges faced by tour guides and identifies possible solutions to challenges tour guides face in Malawi. Semi-structured open ended...
Topics: Tour Guides, Tour Guiding, Destination Image, Tourism and Malawi
Sustainable development encourages us to conserve and enhance our resource base, by gradually changing the ways in which we develop and use technologies. Countries must be allowed to meet their basic needs of employment, food, energy, water and sanitation.
Topics: HRM, Sustainability, Resource, Green HRM, Environment, Knowledge Capital
Jhumpa Lahiri, the eminent lexicographer preserves her image as a wonderful story teller. She is a celebrated name in contemporary Indo-American Diasporic Literature. All her four works are awash with immigrant characters and the struggle of their lives. Scholars have shown an intense interest in exploring the linguistic and thematic aspects of her writings. Lahiri has always been critically acclaimed for her art of story-telling, thus a Narratological study of her two story collections...
Topics: Narratology, Tools, Style, Themes, Fiction World
Cinema plays a vital role when it comes to building, shaping, reinforcing public opinion and perception. Cinema has a notable role in caste, politics in India. Movies have always been in a stable struggle to eliminate as well as to maintain the boundaries between the leading and the minorities.
Topics: Symbolic Representation, Dalit Identity, Tamil Cinema
Along with pedagogy and assessment, curriculum is a very important concept for all educators of students. This article examines the role that a knowledge and understanding of the dynamic/interactional model of curriculum theory can have in the teaching of law units. An analysis of the dynamic/interactional model as espoused by some of their principle proponents is undertaken in the context of their appositeness to law units. The article concludes with an indication that an understanding of and...
Topics: Dynamic/Interactional Curriculum Theory, Method, Law, Education
This research is part of a larger study exploring the implementation of inference-making skill in reading comprehension in the Omani educational context. This part of the study was designed to investigate the provided instructions related to inference-making as presented in post-basic English language Teachers' Guides (TGs). In order to achieve this aim, a content analysis tool was developed which comprised of three parts.
Topics: Inference-Making, Reading Comprehension, Reading Strategies, Prior Knowledge, Teachers‘ Guides
This paper analyses how the novel TheHelp blurs the boundaries between fact and fiction. The novel describes the event of the Civil Rights Movement, the laws of segregation and intimidation. It takes theoretical insights on Historiographic Metafiction from by Linda Hutcheon, and Hyden white and studies how this novel blurs the distinction between fact and fiction and presents the critique of racial stereotyping present in American society.
Topics: Racism, History, Slavery, Segregation, Stereotyping, Historiography, Metafiction
Workplace spirituality is gaining attention in recent times. Though the combination of workplace culture and spirituality is difficult to understand, still inter-play between them has fascinated both practitioners and academicians. Workplace spirituality provides benefit at two levels i.e. individual and organization. At the individual level, it improves the creativity, thinking capacity along with improving honesty making them more trustworthy. At the organization level, also, it improves...
Topics: Creative Employee, Ethical Beliefs, Wellbeing, Workplace Spirituality
Plays are written to mirror human society and a satire like Ola Rotimi's Our Husband Has Gone Mad Again does more to expose some sources of conflicts in the African political terrain, part of which boils down to language use. This study applies the speech act theory to the analysis of language use in the selected text, the analysis of speech function was done on the selected passage of the text using Searle’s (1962) speech functions.
Topics: Analysis of Language, Different Theoretical Positions
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This paper mainly has a focus on pain and suffering of   the immigrant. This also brings to the light that one should think before exile. It has mainly showcased the experience of the novelist Rohinton Mistry. It must be a moral value for each and every individual of the Indian citizen even the foreigner to decide their immigration. Modernization is the root cause for this immigration due to globalisation. Economic problem is also one of the reasons which compels them for immigration. It...
Topics: Migration, Novels
The country of India celebrated the 67 th year of independence in all its states, while Kashmir so called “crown of the nation” has been its consistent major dispute. Ever since Independence, the circumstances in the Kashmir valley have been problematic; and rapidly taking distorting shapes. In the past, there have been conflicts, clashes, violence, protests, etc. which are still ongoing, that resulted in the profuse bloodshed of innocents, civilians, militant/terrorists, and security...
Topics: Kashmir, Hegemony, Postcolonial, Resistance, Violence, Curfewed Night
ABSTRACT A composite material is a macroscopic combination of two or more distinct materials, having a recognizable interface between them. Composites are used not only for their structural properties, but also for electrical, mechanical, and environmental applications. Present review deals with the recent development of lingo-cellulosic/lingo-cellulosic and lingo-cellulosic/synthetic fibers based reinforced hybrid composites. Fibers are taken from leaves of Pineapple leaf by retting process....
Topics: Rahul P John, Neena Dasappan, Akash J K, Abin Baby & Abhi Anand S NAAS Rating:
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by VIKAS NATH, NITIN NAYAK & ANKIT GOEL
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Society is facing most complicated issues of climate change. People nowadays are more conversant with global warming and its inherent consequences on human life. So change is the need of the hour for the survival and continuous efforts should be made for the environmental management in a sustainable manner. It is not only the concern of the government and the direct polluters but also of other stakeholders like financial institutions such as banks, which are playing a fundamental role in the...
Topics: Green Banking, Green Banking Strategies, Indian Banks Initiatives, Green Building, and Banking,...
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This study paper aims to present research practice in literary studies, a distinct course of study of literature in humanities and social sciences. Researchers select a text (e.g. a novel), raise a thematic issue in the text, and then explore a theory related to that issue.
Topics: Research, Literary Studies, Theory, Thematic Issues, Thematic Analysis
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The effects of stress in other than the personal sense are difficult to estimate. Work stress in the industry may be estimated in monetary terms in the amount of lost production but in teaching the loss is defined in terms of the departure of skilled teachers, impairment of teaching skills, or even premature death. In the field of engineering education, there is a need to investigate the level of stress among engineering teachers and consequences of stress that affects the teachers. Thus the...
Topics: Stress, Engineering Institutions, Level of Stress, Effects of Stress, Psychological Consequence,...
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ABSTRACT This essay studies Angela Carter’s The Passion of New Eve in terms of Julia Kristeva’s concept of misplaced abjection. In her theory of subjectivity, Kristeva argues that abjection is put wrongly onto women. Accordingly, this essay is concerned to answer one central question: How does Carter’s The Passion of New Eve represent Kristeva’s concept of misplaced abjection? To answer this question, the study examines the protagonist’s gender transformation. Through the first phase...
Topics: KEYWORDS: Abject, Feminism, Gender, Patriarchy, Subjectivity
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A distressed pavement requires maintenance. Maintenance measures constitute fresh investment on the existing roads. The maintenance expenditure can be reduced through proper planning, design, construction and quality control.               If the causes of possible distresses are removed, or judiciously taken care of during design stage, the expenditure due to maintenance measures on in-service roads reduces. This paper analyzes the method of flexible pavement strengthening by BBD...
Topics: Benkelman beam, Corrections, Deflection, Flexible pavements, Inservice Pavements
Sujata Bhatt is a recognized name among post independent Indian women poets in English who have carved a special place not only in India but also globally. Her works are appreciated worldwide for newness, style, language, appeal and depth. Born in India, moved to America at the age of twelve and settled in Germany has given her a true global exposure with universal appeal. Married to a German writer Sujata has been into translating Gujarati prose and poetry into English while at the same time...
Topics: Linguistic, Indian English Poetry, Resistence etc.
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Muna Madan exploits humor, an elemental device in Laxmi Prasad Devkota’snarrative, in a series of instances, ranging from Madan’s departure to his return journey after his business trip to Lhasa. In this article, there is a short description of black bile (melancholy), as one of the four types of 'humors',present in the great epic poem 'Muna Madan' by the great poet Devkota. This sense of 'humor' is realized throughout the poem. For the research study, secondary resources were consulted....
Topics: Humor, Melanchely, Epic, Ballad, Folklore, Tragedy
Medicinal plants based agro forestry systems can play an important role through which we can cultivate tree crops as well as medicinal plants on same piece of land and it’s an additional income to farmers. It can also reduce pressure on natural forests. The growth parameters of tree species and medicinal plants were recorded in Cuddalore, Jayankondam, Sendurai and Sivagangai. The medicinal plants of D. hamiltonii, H. indicus and G. superba had the suitability under E.camaldulensis. The trees...
Topics: Medicinal Plants, E.camaldulensis, Agroforestry, Global Warming
Health can be considered as a value, since it belongs to the category of life values, but can also be viewed as a competence and that can be taught. Health either a value or competence is very sought after by individuals and by society since a person, institution or a healthy country are more valuable than a sick one In this paper we talk about how health education and its absence affects learning
Topics: Health, Value, Competence, Learning
One of the biggest linguistic and monetary issues which engaged the researchers over time, and they had a conflict about, is the pronunciation and the meaning issue. The battle between critics was at its most intense to determine the role of each of them in giving the literary text its artistic value, and the efficiency of each of them in leadership and priority. This research will address the issue on the basis of giving each of the pronunciation and meaning its importance in the foundation of...
Topics: Wording, Unity and Separation, Artistic Value, Authorship, Arrangement
In a developing country like Zimbabwe, small scale businesses play a significant role in the economic development of the country and women cross border trading has always contributed immensely to Zimbabwe’s economic development since the country gained its independence, and also during the peak of Zimbabwe’s hyperinflation era. Thus, this study aims to establish the significance of the Department of Immigration in promoting women cross border trading. The study used phenomenology philosophy...
Topics: Women Cross Borders Trading, Economic Policies, Immigration Policies, Trading Policies, Economic...
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Women are the new paradigms of today’s culture beginning from home to working sector. Women work in three criteria. Women are taking active participation in management, local governance and political fields. Women trend in working sector has changed with globalization. Women are involved in SNA activities. A survey has also been conducted about the nature of women work behaviour. A significant part of women are unpaid because they are socially unrecognised. Women work is rendered invisible...
Topics: SNA Activities, NSSO Survey, Mercer Survey, Gender Segregation
Since the inception of economic planning in India, the first five years plan introduced the Community Development Programme (CDP) and on 2nd October 1952, the first 55 Community Development Projects were inaugurated where each project was having 3 Development Blocks. With the passage of time, more and more such projects were developed. The Community Development Programme had undertaken ambitious schemes for all round development of rural areas which included improvement of agricultural...
Topics: Community Development, Employment, Implementation, SGSY
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The practice of combining both positively and negatively worded statements on a scale is one of the suggested means of reducing acquiescence bias. The literature, however showed mixed results with regard to the outcomes of this practice and called for further validation studies. Based on these premises, this study examined the item wording effect on the factor structure of the Arabic version of the UCLA Loneliness Scale. The participants included samples from six populations in the United Arab...
Topics: Factor Structure, Loneliness Scale, Negative Item Wording, Positive Item Wording
It is a fact in India that although the percentage of literacy is rising but the number of illiterate children in the age group of 6-14 years is also increasing. This may due to school dropout and non-participation of children in primary and elementary level of education especially from the agro-occupational communities. The present study was undertaken in the district of Burdwan, Birbhum and Murshidabad with 180 families and tried to capture the picture of school dropout and non-participation...
Topics: Reasons, Non-Enrollment, School Dropout, Agro-Occupation, Socio-Economic
The character of the environment, the growth of local economy and the status of society and culture. The three dimensions are taken into account the impact of ecotourism. Several tourist spots in our country still needed to be designed with several parameters of ecotourism for making then better to the modern world. The present study focus to examine the positive and negative aspects of Environmental, Economic and Socio-Cultural impact of ecotourism.  The environment of any place has a vital...
Topics: Ecotourism, Stakeholders, Ecotourism Impacts, Ponmudi and Likert Scale
The needle punched nonwoven can be used as automotive interiors. The needle punched product can full-fill this purpose. This will be eco-friendly and also serves as an alternative material. The needled punched web is prepared with the three different compositions in order to find the best suitability of the purpose.
Topics: Needle Punched Web, Cotton, Kapok, Recycled Polyesters, Thermal Conductivity
Indices of Biological Integrity (IBIs) are being increasingly used as useful and direct tools for assessing general health of aquatic ecosystems. Eight metrics were selected for measuring P-IBI for the Euphrates river in Al-Nassiryia city in Iraq. The mean P-IBI scores showed better conditions in station 1 (Good) in autumn 2014 as compared to the station 2 (Poor )in summer2014 & station 3 (Poor) in winter 2015. However, the results generally indicated higher in autumn . Among the eight...
Topics: Assessment, IBI, Nature Iraq, Euphrates River, Al-Nassiryia City, Aquatic Ecology
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The purpose of this study was to investigate changing family structures and their impactions on gender roles in Nakuru Municipality, Nakuru County. This study was conducted in Nakuru Municipality within Nakuru County and was confined to household heads. Main focus was on the five divisions within the Municipality namely; Lanet, Afraha, Kaptembwa, Baharini and Barut. The objectives of the study included examining factors leading to changing family structures; exploring how changing family...
Topics: Changing Family Structures, Gender Roles, Children’s Behavior
Manual metal arc welding is a common type welding which is used everywhere in fabrication industries. The flux uses for electrode has a vital role in its tensile strength characteristics besides its main function.
Topics: Manual Metal Arc Welding (MMAW), Basicity Index (BI), Tensile Strength
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In his poetic book “The Country without a Post Office” Agha Shahid Ali expresses his diasporic consciousness for his homeland and its people for whom he can do nothing except to present in his poetry. So, poet’s motherland occurs in his poems not only as a place that was paradise once, but which is turned in to hell at present by different agencies, poet hopes that peace will return, as spring may return. The focus of this paper will be the nostalgic feelings of Agha Shahid Ali about his...
Topics: The Country without a Post Office, Diasporic Consciousness, Homeland, Motherland, Paradise, Hell
COVID-19 has exposed the supply chain vulnerability of firms to global disruptions. The major reliance on China as the ‘World Factory’ for order fulfilments by global firms have created a rippled effect worldwide and intensified supply chain risks. This paper presents the impacts of COVID-19 on global supply chains and summarizes the strategies for ensuring continuity of operations amidst the pandemic and post COVID-19. Going forward, the main focus of organizations should be enhancing...
Topics: COVID-19 Pandemic, Supply Chain Disruptions, Supply Chain Risk Management, Supply Chain Resilience
Computer-Based Test (CBT) system has become the order of the day in terms of assessing examinee capability in examinations which is not limited to students but also to job seekers because of its instant delivery of results.This paper studied each event that contributed to the adoption of CBT in the tertiary institutions and the correlation between events which made it possible to know the effect of certain event over the others. A questionnaire was administered on experts in three selected...
Topics: Computer-Based Test, Initial Probability, Conditional Probability, Cross-Impact, Sensitivity Testing
Epistolary novel is a fictional genre written in the form of letters or documents, integrating higher realism to create absolute absorption of the audience. The term is derived from the Greek word “ epistolē ” (a letter) and under its veil it often impersonates the society to create a larger-life effect among the audience. Our present text of discussion,                   the Booker winning debut novel of Aravind Adiga, The White Tiger, surprisingly has been written in...
Topics: Catharsis, Epistolary, Journey, Murder, Oppression, Quest Etc
According to Gilles Deleuze, we have moved far away from what Michel Foucault used to call disciplinary societies. The boundaries of those disciplinary enclosures have diminished and now there is no difference between a disciplinary enclosure like home, factory and prison. For Deleuze, Kafka's The Trial becomes an essential text that is set at the crossroads of this transitional dissolution of spaces. In the same vein, this paper argues that Sadat Hasan Manto’s two stories – Toba Tek Singh...
Topics: Control Societies, Disciplinary Societies, Gilles Deleuze, Michel Foucault, Manto, Naked Voices,...
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Agriculture sector plays an essential role in the process of economic development. Agriculture sector in India accounts for 15.9 percent of GDP and provides employment to around 49 percent of the population. The agriculture sector is a leading sector that needs a relook and reinvention. It is the time that India marches towards a 'millennium agricultural transformation' advancing from traditional agricultural system (labour intensive) to contemporary agribusiness system (capital &...
Topics: Agriculture Credit, Suicides, Repayment of Loan, Marginal Farmers, Institutional Agricultural Credit