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Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science

JLIS.it —Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science— is an academic, cross-disciplinary, peer-reviewed, and open access journal, aiming to value innovative international research.


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Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Redazione JLIS.it
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Issued in April 2003, the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing defines and supports the concept of open access.
Topics: Biomedical research, Open Access, Scholarly communication, Scientific literature
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8628
The goal of this study is to present an overview of issues related to subject indexing of musical resources and also to describe what ‘subject’ access means in this domain. In other Countries subject indexing is realized with a lot of initiatives throughout the years, such as LCSH, the Music Thesaurus Project, Musaurus, and Rilm; in Italy the Nuovo Soggettario Thesaurus could be the tool for this practice. As a matter of fact, The Nuovo Soggettario Thesaurus comply with international...
Topics: Indexing of Musical Resources, Music Subject Headings, Nuovo soggettario, Thesauri, Cataloging of...
This article shows an empiric research within the context of a graduate studies thesis and provides a summary report of obtained results. The research has been carried on through a web-survey which was available online between February and June 2011. The article first explains the research goals and introduces the web-survey. Then main methodological nodes met in this research and methods used to collect and analyze data will be discussed. Then is given the results of the total number of useful...
Topics: Copyright, Surveys, Creative works, Sharing
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8802
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Klaus Kempf
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The present essay, shows the collection development in the digital age and the changes occurred in recent decades with the rise of Internet and "hybrid library".Today, in digital age, the libraries must be able to meet the real needs of users, working for a great collaboration and cooperation in building and managing online digitized collections, as well as taking care and resize their traditional concept of service.
Topics: Collections, Digital age, Libraries, Wunderkammern, Search engines
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8857
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Elena Lazzarini,Elisa Bianchi,Maria Clotilde Camboni
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The essay deals with the creation of subject-headings for web resources related to Italian literature, art and linguistics with resort to the Nuovo soggettario system (NS). It describes the difficulties arisen and the results achieved in this regard during the development of a project aimed at creating web tools to facilitate the location of high quality web resources about Italian culture. One of these tools was a catalogue of web resources with subject headings, created using a modified...
Topics: Digital catalog, Semantic indexing, Nuovo Soggettario, Panoramafirb, Data model
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8828
The paper offers an overview of the complex, not easy period in which Antonio Panizzi was teaching at London University (1828-1831), innovatively suggesting that “a uniform program be adopted for the study of all modern languages and literatures” and nevertheless dedicating himself to research with care and passion. In the article, the teaching materials and custom tools he quickly provided to his students for learning italian language and culture are analyzed regarding concept, structure...
Topics: Italian language, Italian grammar, Italian literature, Teaching materials for italian, University...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12600
The article intends to be a short theoretical elaboration of the ideas raised by Boris Groys in Google: Words beyond Grammar from a LIS point of view. Through the use of critical tools such as Manovich's theory of the database and Wittgenstein's writings on meaning and context, the author delineates a double partial characteristic of the search conducted by Google in terms of quality (the Google algorithm is partial towards results claimed to appertain the user's interests) and in terms of...
Topics: Deconstruction, Google, Groys, Boris, Manovich, Lee, Semantics, Search engines, Wittgenstein, Ludwig
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8798
The circulation and sharing of contents in biobanks is approached with the study of the normative statutes of these institutions, with careful attention to copyright. Such institutions are an organized set of human biological specimens with diagnostic, therapeutic, and research aims. Since the issue is quite new, their statutes are controversial; moreover, the exploitation of new detections is particularly complicated. The ownership of samples (tissues, cells, organs) and the ownership of...
Topics: Biobanks, Biology, Copyright, Database, Open data sharing
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4537
The paper presents the first results of a research which aims at evaluating how the public perception about libraries has evolved over the last five years in Europe. It quantifies and qualifies the presence of issues concerning libraries in the European press in order to answer the following research questions: which are the most discussed topics and have they changed over the last years? Are there any significant differences between the European countries and newspapers in the debate about...
Topics: Libraries, European press, Methodology, Content analysis, Public perception
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8987
This paper offers an analysis of the Italian legislation about the transition from printed school-books to digital ones and, in turn, it presents an overview of the digital publishing offer of major media groups, by taking as case study the Latin textbooks for high-schools. The concept of digital book has been declined nowadays in two main forms: the first one is the so-called "on-line book", which are digital books (typically in PDF or ePub format)...
Topics: Digital publishing, E-books, Textbooks, School Law, High School
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4755
A clear definition of stack management has never been analyzed in the Italian professional literature in its activities, practices, and indications on how to move collections. However, some surveys of the University of Chicago reveal that users report the impossibility to retrieve books directly from library shelves, and untreaceable or lost books, as one of the main reasons fro their dissatisfaction with library services. The Council of Australian State Libraries (CASL) defines stack...
Topics: Collections, Shelves, Shelf-reading, Stack management, Book moves
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4582
The article sets out to investigate the meaning, role and implications of some information management approaches used in Digital Library practice. A greater focus on innovation in managing online resources and on improving their interoperability can be achieved by normalizing metadata schemas through interoperable standards, world-wide accepted controlled vocabularies as well as by their enrichment through qualitatively constructed ontologies and linked data, which are key to the expansion of...
Topics: Digital library, FRBR, Linked data, LODe-BD, Metadata, SWAP
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4663
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Redazione JLIS.it
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Issued in 2009, the Alhambra declaration aims at promoting common policies for Open Access in the South of Europe.
Topics: Open Access policies, Scholarly communication, Southern Europe.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8632
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Carlo Bianchini
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This paper deals with lack of FRBR-zation of present online catalogues and with a way to organize on the shelves resources by FRBR entities using Colon Classification book number.Main results of this analysis are: categories expressed by FBRB were already identified by Ranganathan in its bibliographic system; Colon classification book number allows a higher degree of arrangement of bibliographic resources, i.e. compliant to FRBR entities; also for this reason, Colon classification book number...
Topics: Bibliographic arrangement, Colon classification, FRBR, Ranganathan, Shiyali Ramamrita
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/31
 Issued in 2003, the Berlin Declaration aims to promote the Internet as a functional instrument for a global scientific knowledge base and human reflection and to specify measures which research policy makers, research institutions, funding agencies, libraries, archives and museums need to consider.
Topics: Open Access, Scholarly communication
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8625
Our contribution concentrates on the processes of cataloguing and digitising of hand–written letters and business documents belonging to the ''Ricordi Historical Archive'' in Milan, which is at present housed in the Braidense National Library; the archive possesses documents referring to the history of the publishing company covering the two centuries of its activities.Starting from the ledgers compiled by Giovanni Ricordi, which cover a period from 1814 up to the middle of the 19th...
Topics: music, digitisation, Archivio Storico Ricordi
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10064
Problems in recording generic and specific designations of REICAT in some of the fields of MARC21 are analyzed through mappings highlighting some difficulties of the two tools. The first mapping compares GMD (General Material Designation) with Leader/06 (Type of record); it shows that some records in MARC21 have no correspondence in REICAT. From the mapping GMD/ Leader/06 it derives the mapping with materials of the field 8. The main differences in this case appear for GMD "Electronic...
Topics: Cataloguing, GMD, Mapping, MARC 21, REICAT
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4598
Editorial of thematic issue
Topic: editorial
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12590
Libraries, especially since the nineteenth century, have included real private documents and archives among their special collections. The typologies are analyzed, also focusing on author libraries, where books, as they are often rich in manuscript interventions by the owners, take on the archival value. We also dwell on the often improper descriptive treatment that this material has undergone in libraries.
Topics: Autographs, Correspondence, Thematic collections of documents, Private archives in the library,...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12569
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Simona Turbanti
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Eleven years ago, in Florence, during an international conference on authority control, many experts reflected on this important aspect of cataloguing. This paper looks at the current state of authority work and try to conceive some cues to reshape authority control. Libraries can afford this costly process only in cooperation with other partners, especially cultural and research institutions but also publishers, local governments and other interested subjects. Two examples of successful...
Topics: authority control, authority file, UNIMARC Authorities format
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10062
The FRBR Review Group has the mandate to review and maintain IFLA's family of conceptual models and to develop guidelines and interpretive documents to assist in the application of the models. In September 2011 the Aggregates Working Group submitted its final report, clarifying the modeling of three distinct types of aggregates within an FRBR framework. Since the approval of the FRSAD model in 2010, the FRBR Review Group has been concentrating its efforts on the development of a consolidated...
Topics: Library linked data, Semantic web, RDF
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5482
The application of MARC formats in Chinese libraries has a history of about 20 years. At the age of internationalization and digitization, people ask the question: why we chose UNIMARC for the basis of CNMARC? Is it the best choice for China? Are there any other options? In this paper, the author reviews many historical documents and analyzes the present status of MARC formats in China.
Topics: MARC, UNIMARC, MARC21, CNMARC, Bibliographic formats, China
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/9083
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Antonio Speciale
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This article reviews FRAD's origins, structure and themes (Functional Requirements for Authority Data), a conceptual model developed by IFLA to analyze authority data through an entity-relationship perspective.The first section concerns the development of the document, from constitution of FRANAR in 1999 to the publication of FRAD in 2009. The following three sections are dedicated to innovations and features of the model: the entities, represented by sixteen essential elements of FRAD's...
Topics: Authority control, Entity/Relation, FRAD, FRBR, IFLA
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4521
As part of a strategic investment in openness the Swedish National Library has released the National Bibliography and accompanying authority file as open data with a Creative Commons Zero license effectively putting it in the public domain. The data has been available  as linked open data since 2008 but is now also released in its original, complete form making it fit for re-use by other library systems. An important principle of linked data is to link out the other datasets. However, as...
Topic: Library linked data
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5512
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Lapo Ghiringhelli
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The paper aims to illustrate the nature and modeling of aggregates, whose understanding was a slow process. Aggregates, due to the complexity of their modeling, were only briefly discussed in the conceptual model Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records.The Working Group on Aggregates represents the most in-depth examination attempt; the Final Report of 2011 deserves credit for giving a clear definition of aggregate and distinguishing three types, proposing a modeling consistent with...
Topics: Aggregates, Working Group on Aggregates, Serials, IFLA LRM.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12579
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Gianluca Vannuccini,Giovanni Menduni,Giacomo Innocenti
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The City of Florence, Italy, has been carrying out a large data integration and consolidation process since 2003, that was even more improved and targeted to an open and federated approach during 2009. Results of such a process are now being exploited in several current hot eGovernment fields, among which business intelligence, and, more recently, the open data movement. During the year 2011, the City of Florence lead an internal structured assessment process in which each department named an...
Topics: City of Florence, Open data, eGovernment
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5500
The article aims to provide an update on the 2009 Statement of International Cataloguing Principles (ICP) and on the status of work on the Statement by the IFLA Cataloguing Section. The article begins with a summary of the drafting process of the ICP by the IME ICC, International Meeting of Experts on an International Cataloguing Code, focusing in particular on the first meeting (IME ICC1) and on the earlier drafts of the 2009 Statement. It then analyzes both the major innovations and the...
Topics: Cataloguing, ICP, IFLA, International Cataloguing Principles, Library theory
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4936
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Barbara Tillett
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Connecting to friends, colleagues, customers, and others on the internet is an everyday experience for most people these days. We use email, Twitter, Facebook, and other social networking systems quickly and easily when there is wifi or an internet service provider that reaches our geographic location – even as we move around. This change in our communication systems even extends sometimes to replacing phone calls with communications like Skype or Facetime. A former phone communication...
Topics: Semantic web, RDF, Library Linked Data Project
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/6303
The EMoBookTrade project, funded by the European Research Council and directed by Angela Nuovo, has developed a database on book prices (ca. 1530-1630) and book privileges (Venice, 1469 to 1603). This web application shows that digital humanities can play an innovative role in historical research at the same time respecting traditional scientific methods and the needs of ground-breaking inter-disciplinary research. Indeed, the EMoBookTrade DB takes into account both the representation of...
Topics: Book Trade, History of the Book, Digital Humanities, Economic History, Price History, Early modern...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12612
If used up to their most important recommendations, RDA guidelines lead to a semantic web oriented catalog. Both authority and bibliographic records require to be curated, especially under the point of view of persistent identifiers, connecting entities to relevant external resources, thus boosting the navigability of the retrieved information and finally of the whole catalog. To dramatically improve these goals, also established records need to be provided with links, URIs, or persistent...
Topics: RDA, Koha, Authority files, Persistent identifiers, VIAF, Linked data, OPAC interface
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12595
The logical model outlined in Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records in 1998 has led to a theoretical reflection on the function of data and their organization into catalogues that hasn’t found stable effects in the representation of information yet. A consequence of the wide theoretical resonance of FRBR report was the review of regulatory codes and standards for electronic recording of bibliographic data. The first code that partly implements the FRBR model is the Italian...
Topics: bibliographic data visualization, OPAC, discovery platforms
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10063
The article introduces the complete digital edition of Tommaso Campanella’s letters. It is a transcription of the full corpus of 172 letters written by Campanella in the years 1591-1639. This work is built on the print collection edited by Germana Ernst and published in 2010 by Olschki. Beyond metadata, an asset in themselves, each letter is enriched by information about the manuscript source (including the archive or the library holding it), the various editions, and a brief summary....
Topics: Epistolary, Digital Edition, Digital Archive, Public History.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12626
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Michael Gorman
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The paper discusses the nature of values in general and the nature and utility of the values of librarianship. Â Delineates the changes that have occurred and are occurring in the wider world and the nature of change; also the importance of values in providing a framework for dealing with present and future change. Â Stresses the centrality of the human record to societal progress, the place of the human record in cultural heritage, and the central purpose of libraries in facilitating...
Topics: librarianship, human record, cultural heritage, information technology, cultural institutions.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10907
The paper aims to discuss cataloguing workflow as a part of catalogue improvement.As a librarian involved in day-by-day cataloguing, every research on a library catalogue is an occasion to discover, in bibliographic and in authority entries, a huge amount of mistakes, especially in printed book and film description, and it is far from rare to have the doubt if the record I'm looking has been created for the same edition of my copy-in-hand, or for a different one.Referring to the Italian (i.e....
Topics: Back office cataloguing, record duplication, inaccuracy, REICAT, RDA, workflow
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10250
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Thomas Baker
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The domain name system of the world wide web provides a managed space of globally unique identifiers for web pages -- Uniform Resource Identifiers, or URIs. URIs can also be used to name things – specifically, to name things in the world ("people," a "books," or "Nelson Mandela"); to name concepts used to describe those things ("Renaissance Sculpture" or "Lyme Disease"); and to name relationships between things (this book "was...
Topics: Semantic web, Library linked data, URI
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/6308
The purpose of the paper is trying to summarize the international conference "Noetics versus Computer Science: the New Structures of the Scientific Communication", held in Rome 19 to 20 November 2013. In the light of the epistemic conflict, as set out in the title, I tried to highlight the main conceptual issues emerged during the four working sessions, that suggest a careful reconsideration of the role of bibliography, library services and the traditional paradigms of information...
Topics: Noetics, Computer Science, Bibliography, Semantic Web, Information, Epistemology, Knowledge...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10908
RDA: Resource Description and Access, is a new cataloguing standard which will replace the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2nd edition, which has been widely used in libraries since 1981. RDA, like AACR2, is a content standard providing guidance and instruction on how to identify and record attributes or properties of resources which are significant for discovery. RDA is also an implementation of the FRBR and FRAD models. The RDA element set and vocabularies are being published on the Open...
Topics: Library linked data, RDA, Bibliographic control
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5463
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Bonaria Biancu
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The article examines the multiform phenomenon of mashup. The development and diffusion of tools able to integrate and combine data from different systems, creating then new apps and new services is typical of Web 2.0. The paper offers and overview of the technology useful in order to create aggregators, such as API (Application Programming Interface.  Moreover, mashup creation must take into account the most widespread protocols, REST and SOAP to make an example. If there are no APIs...
Topics: AJAX, API, Mashup, REST, SOA, XML, Web service
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/26
IT technologies and especially the progressive use of Internet have transformed the mechanism of knowledge transmission and its reproduction. We find, on the one hand, a model of knowledge circulation based on contract self-enforcement, through technological protection measures (TPMs). This kind of control is identified in Digital Rights Management (DRM), whose goal is to make the license terms for access and use of information recognizable by the software and equipment made for the use of...
Topics: Copyright, DRM, Creative Commons, Licenses
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4593
Library Linked Data Model is an important topic for librarianship and it is equally of interest to the many organizations that provide products and services to that community. Ex Libris, as one of those organizations, frequently gets asked: “Where do we see it fitting into our plans?â€. In order to be able to answer questions like this, we need to ask: “What exactly are the problems being solved for the profession by this technology that can only be solved with the Library Linked...
Topics: Library linked data, Ex Libris
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5492
The present research, originally a master thesis, aims to investigate the popularity and usage of Reference Management Softwares among researchers and scholars of the University of Torino, Italy, and the role that university libraries can assume about the subject.This study, based upon a qualitative approach, is a descriptive survey composed of an online questionnaire and direct interviews addressed to the population of professors and researchers of the STM areas at the University of Torino. A...
Topics: Academic libraries, References, References Management Software, Users
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8679
Accuracy in management and presentation of data is probably the most relevant feature that characterizes libraries catalogues in the wide universe of information available online. This characteristic, which originates from the basic need of organizing knowledge, requires a constant activity of control. Authority control is part of such an activity.This paper examines authority control of personal names, and how it is carried out.The first part shows the international standards and local codes...
Topics: Controllo di autorità, Archivi di autorità, OPAC, Database, Wikipedia.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10340
Rights management for digital library programs is affected by high transaction costs and this calls for new schemes of collective management. Voluntary Stakeholders Agreements (VSA) is proposed as a solution. However, there is a need to reshape the way of defining the scope of such agreements. In the past, the scope was set by limiting the type of uses licensed in the collective agreement, while other uses, pertaining the primary exploitation of works, remain in the sphere of direct management...
Topics: Digital libraries, Digitization projects, Copyright, Voluntary Stakeholders Agreements, Rights...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4539
The purpose of this article is to reflect on production, organization and tradition of autograph collections since the beginning until the end of the nineteenth century. In particulary, these collections, considered by the classical archival science only such one of the principle causes of destruction of the archives and as the result of the collectors’ craze that pervaded Europe in that turn of years, were used as a kind of archives, where historians could find all sorts of records,...
Topics: Archival Science, Autographs, National archives, Collections, Archival arrangement
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12587
In July 2012 the EC recommended on Open Access to the Member States in order to put forward the development of an economy based on knowledge and innovation as a priority.
Topics: Europe, Open Access, Scholarly communication
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8649
This article reports on an analysis of the different forms and practices of electronic literature starting with the concept of the ebook as the zero degree of literary re-mediation. The next step is the use of a computational model (composed of data, processes, interactions, a user interface, and context) applied to a semiotic model of the book in which one goes from the physicality of the signs on the page to the abstract concept of the work so as to classify the various types of electronic...
Topics: Electronic literature, eBooks, Electronic publishing, Digital Humanities
The paper presents the results of a research based on the evaluation culture approach and particularly on the social corporate responsibility of universities and their duty to account for the quality of their mission, researches, teaching and dissemination of knowledge. Metrics and international rankings have been developed to measure value and performance of the universities; as a consequence, the academic world must express appropriate means in order to improve its position in quality...
Topics: Academic Literacy, Visual Literacy, Digital Competencies, Literacies Indicators, Educational...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12577
The purpose of this article is to introduce a seminal 1984 document on the structure of the “system of bibliographic links” of the Italian national library service (named SBN or Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale). To some extent thirteen years before FRBR, the Entity-Relationship Model has been used to identify Entities, Attributes and Relationships within bibliographic records. The 1984 document can also be seen as a first step of a long path (which has not yet been concluded) of use of ER...
Topics: SBN (Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale), E-R (Entity-Relationship) Model, UNIMARC, Domanovszky,...
This paper describes the process developed by Binghamton University Libraries to extract embedded metadata from digital photographs and transform it into descriptive Dublin Core metadata for use in the Libraries’ digital preservation system.In 2011, Binghamton University Libraries implemented the Rosetta digital preservation system (from Ex Libris) to preserve digitized and born-digital materials. At the same time, the Libraries’ implemented the Primo discovery tool (from Ex...
Topics: digital preservation, metadata, photographs
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10069
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Lalitha Sami,Rabia Iffat
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In order to render effective services to its users, Libraries and Information Centres adopt and introduce new and innovative services. Depending on the exposure of users to these services, the services themselves will have a different impact on different users. A positive impact results in positive attitudes, and in a consequent preference for that service. The paper discusses these challenges in making users self confident while using library new tools and services, and examines possibile ways...
Topics: Attitude, Impact, Library services, Preference, Technophobia
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4523
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Kevin Ford
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In 2009 and in 2011, the Library of Congress made two of its largest authority files – Subject Headings and Names – available as linked data via LC’s Linked Data Service, ID.LOC.GOV. Both are offered in MADS/RDF and SKOS. It is LC’s objective, in 2012, to publish another of its largest authority files as linked data: LC Classification. Whereas the source records for Subject Headings and Names are encoded in the MARC Authority format, from which there is a relatively...
Topics: Library linked data, Library of Congress Classification, Ontology, SKOS, MARC21, Authority control
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5465
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Ewelina Melnarowicz,Federica Vignati
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The following publication presents the results of the first study on law firm libraries in Italy. To date there are only few publications on this topic, therefore it has been considered interesting to determine the distribution of law libraries and professionals involved. The study, which was based on a sample population of 100 largest law firms in Italy by revenue, employed an online questionnaire and the data were collected through web site analysis aiming to identify a library, a...
Topics: Italy, Knowledge management, Law firms, Organizational culture, Quantitative research, Special...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8800
The Linked Heritage Project started in April 2011. It is funded by the European Commission under the IST Policy Support Programme (ICT PSP), and runs for 30 months. Its main objective is to contribute a large quantity of new content to Europeana, from both the public and private sectors (c3 million items). In addition, the project will show how: 1. To enhance the quality of Europeana content, in terms of its metadata richness, its re-use potential and its uniqueness; 2. To enable improved...
Topics: Library linked data, Linked Heritage Project, Europeana, Cultural Heritage Project
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/6304
In recent years, the spread of ebooks has grown exponentially. 24/7 availability, portability, the advanced tools offered by platforms make this product particularly interesting for academic libraries, which are in an experimental phase with regard to the selection and acquisition of ebooks. The article analyzes three platforms (EBL, Ebrary, EBSCO), to find out whether an Italian medium-sized university library can buy foreign titles in electronic rather than paper, and under what conditions....
Topics: E-books, Academic libraries, Acquisition, Selection criteria.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8986
Using the 9 areas identified by the ISBD as a guide, the paper proposes a descriptive comparison between the choices carried out by the authors of RDA and REICAT. Two different ways of understanding the basic entities of the bibliographic description are shaped through a detailed analysis of individual choices, and accordingly to this, two different perspectives for the future organization of resources. REICAT are even linked to the organization "on board", to punctuation and to the...
Topics: Cataloguing, ISBD, library linked data, RDA, REICAT, Semantic web.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/9963
The article examines research data practices in the Humanities within the European area.The great attention paid to research data in European policies on research confirms their strategic role in the development and optimization of the scientific research.The analysis of some research infrastructures and projects focused on research data in the Humanities shows how the European Member States can act centrally in improving and developing them, in order to make efficient individual activities and...
Topics: Research data, Humanities, Research Infrastructures, Open Access, Open Data.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8927
The article introduces the complete digital edition of Tommaso Campanella’s letters. It is a transcription of the full corpus of 172 letters written by Campanella in the years 1591-1639. This work is built on the print collection edited by Germana Ernst and published in 2010 by Olschki. Beyond metadata, an asset in themselves, each letter is enriched by information about the manuscript source (including the archive or the library holding it), the various editions, and a brief summary. The...
Topics: Epistolary, Digital Edition, Digital Archive, Public History, Digital Edition, Digital Archive,...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12626
Intellectual freedom has a continual implementation at library, particularly in collection development. This article first examines intellectual freedom and censorship in some statements of IFLA, of few European library associations and, last, of ALA. The ALA’s tools to defend intellectual freedom are then analyzed, focusing in particular, compliant to the specific ALA “manual”, on collections development and selection policies and on resources reconsideration procedure, as tools for...
Topics: Intellectual freedom, Censorship, Collection development policy, Collection selection policy,...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12615
Starting from some general thoughts on the relationship discipline-phenomenon within the Bliss bibliographic classification (2. ed.), the article offers an overview of the architecture of a specific field: economics. The difficulties in systematizing the discipline, and the quick diffusion of acronyms and new definitions - created by abbreviation or combination of existing words - lead to a full structural revision of the T entry, Economics & Management of economic enterprise, that at the...
Topics: Bliss Bibliographic Classification, BC2, Classification, Economics, FATKS
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/34
This article presents the National Edition of Alcide De Gasperi’s correspondence project (www.epistolariodegasperi.it). An introduction about digital editions, where some examples of the publication of letters in digital form are offered, is followed by a description of the project, of the reasons why the online edition was chosen and of the technical features of the software for the collection of metadata, digital images and transcriptions. Finally, after a description of the methods for the...
Topics: Documentary edition, Correspondence, Letters, Alcide De Gasperi, Digital documentary edition,...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12599
BeWeb – online ecclesiastical cultural heritage – is a project to establish a portal dedicated to the cultural and artistic heritage of the Catholic Church, by providing an integrated view of data regarding churches, the artwork and items of worship they contain, library and archive funds of diocesan and religious institutes, with a special focus on cultural, scientific and pastoral care aspects, in order to provide an authoritative tool for users to know more about these...
Topics: BeWeB, Italian ecclesiastical cultural heritage
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10067
The purpose of this study is to analyze some correspondence exchanges to surface links between recurrent entities found in documents, which form a complex network in which correspondents, books, articles and persons cited in the letters, quoted entities linked to academic world and the documents themselves are linked together. The perspective of the multidimensionality of the environment in which sources are, which is composed by the vertical dimension – the correspondence containing the...
Topics: Correspondence, Inter-archival link, Multidimensionality, Network.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12582
The essay is dedicated to the theme of digital rights management on digitisation projects with particular reference to works into the public domain and to orphan works. The aim of the essay is to explain the main issues and criticalities that libraries have to face proposing and carrying out digitisation projects. For some years, the digitisation of cultural heritage involves libraries, archives and museums and is one of the main goals by the Digital Agenda for Europe. Indeed the digitisation...
Topics: Digitisation, Public domain, Orphan works, copyright, ARROW
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8797
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Monica Vezzosi,Ilaria Moroni
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The paper presents two articles dealing with researches on users’ perception of libraries, the first with a quantitative approach, the latter with a qualitative approach: "Use and Awareness of Electronic Information Sources at IIT Roorkee, India: A Case Study", and "L'identità percepita: applicare la grounded theory in biblioteca". The authors underline the importance of sharing theories and practices on user surveys in order to gain skills of research methods and...
Topics: Grounded theory, Public Libraries, Qualitative analysis, Reference, Users
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4618
"Legal interoperability" could be defined as the possibility of legally mixing data coming from different sources (including governmental data, data generated by online communities and data held by private parties). Legal interoperability is similar to technical interoperability, since it is a prerequisite for mixing data and create new knowledge or services. But it also has its own peculiarities, for instance because it could be achieved simply choosing the appropriate licensing...
Topics: Data mining, Governement data, Interoperability, Library linked data
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5461
The purpose of this study is to analyze some correspondence exchanges to surface links between recurrent entities found in documents, which form a complex network in which correspondents, books, articles and persons cited in the letters, quoted entities linked to academic world and the documents themselves are linked together.The perspective of the multidimensionality of the environment in which sources are, which is composed by the vertical dimension – the correspondence containing the...
Topics: Correspondence, Inter-archival link, Multidimensionality, Network.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12582
The author reflects upon the work of cataloguing in present times. He wonders how to harmonize the precision and universality of cataloguing rules and the growing of different cultural needs and information behaviours. Against the widespread ideas on “disintermediation†allowed by information and communication technologies, the author reaffirms the crucial role, although with a quite new background, of librarians and cataloguers as intermediaries between users and documents, between...
Topics: Cataloging, Intermediation, Librarians, Library theory
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5621
The purpose of Linked Data is to develop a total data space (the data web) able to mutually connect and enrich shared databases. Libraries therefore have the opportunity to integrate the structured information of their catalogs with information from other multiple sources and to make them more accessible by building them on web standards. The ability model the data, making them accessible and preserving the contextualization is proposed as a criterion for determining the quality of a library....
Topics: Cultural Heritage, Library linked data, Semantic web
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8587
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Ilaria Fava
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The present article aims at offering an overview on the milestones of the Open Access movement in its first decade. The main declarations, statements and documents are described.
Topics: Open Access, Scholarly communication, Scientific literature
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8678
The Virtual International Authority File (VIAF) is a joint experiment of the Library of Congress (LC), the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek (DNB), and the Bibliothèque Nationale de France (BNF) with Online Computer Library Center (OCLC). Started in 2000, VIAF is a linking between authority records of the participant national agencies, that are freely on the net through a global authority service, and provided with crush algorithms. Through its interface, the system allows the virtual search of...
Topics: Virtual International Authority File, Authority control, Open Archive Initiative, International...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4520
Ten years after the Budapest Open Access Initiative, the same proponents prepare the plan for setting the default on Open Access during the next ten years.
Topics: BOAI, Open Access, Scholarly communication
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8631
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Giuseppina Vullo
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Introduction to FSR 2014 Special Issue
Topics: FSR2014 Conference, Cataloguing, Library catalogue, OPAC
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10138
The usage of bibliometric indicators is widespread in the scientific and academic world, and has become a standard in order to assign research funds and to assess the results of those investments. The aim of this article is to offer, without any claims for comprehensiveness some reflections and advices for using these tools in a more conscious way, highlighting their limits and peculiarities. Apart from Impact Factor, many tools related to Open Access have been developed recently. The most...
Topics: Bibliometrics, Citation index, H-index, Impact factor, Scimago
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/24
Terminology and multilingualism have been one of the main focuses of the Athena Project. Linked Heritage as a legacy of this project also deals with terminology and bring theory to practice applying the recommendations given in the Athena Project. Linked Heritage as a direct follow-up of these recommendations on terminology and multilingualism is currently working on the development of a Terminology Management Platform (TMP). This platform will allow any cultural institution to register,...
Topics: Athena Project, Library linked data, Michael Project, Terminology Management Platform, TMP
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5471
Issued in early 2011, the Ghent Declaration invites the EC to take up the current opportunities for increasing the circulation of knowledge beyond the aims of the OpenAIRE initiative.
Topics: ERA, Europe, Open Access, OpenAIRE.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8634