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Mendeley Climate Change Library

To support vital research being carried out into climate change, Mendeley has created the Climate Change Library – a collection of over 5,000 articles published across 412 Elsevier journals in 2018 and 2019. The articles are freely available until the end of 2019 for all existing and new Mendeley users to download and read.


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This study examines how public support for four specific low-carbon energy policies (renewable energy investment, revenue-neutral carbon tax, fuel efficiency regulations, expansion of nuclear power) varies when these policies are framed as a way to reduce either climate change, air pollution, or energy dependence. A survey question wording experiment with a nationally representative U.S. sample is utilized. We find framing effects only among Republicans, whose policy support was lower in...
Topics: Clean energy policy, Climate change, Framing, Public opinion
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Heidelinde Grüneis; Marianne Penker; Karl Michael Höferl; Markus Schermer
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Impacts of climate change have become more and more evident and can be observed in ecosystems, societies and economies worldwide. Mountain agriculture is especially vulnerable to climate change, and adaptation seems crucial. Thus, certain adaptation activities, such as installing irrigation technology, switching to drought-resistant crop varieties or shifting planting dates, can already be observed. Despite these efforts, the barriers for climate change adaptation are still manifold and lead to...
Topic: Mountain agriculture
This article is concerned with the interaction of international, regional and national policy on climate change and sustainability, and the implications of these policy dimensions for planning. With the scientific consensus pointing to unequivocal human influence on the ecosystem, the issue of how best to manage climate change and ecological sustainability is arguably now a matter for economic, political, policy and planning domains. However, despite the warnings of scientists that ‘business...
Topics: Climate change, Crisis, Economy, Planning, Policy, Techno-finance fix
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mariusz Gałka; Marta Szal; Tanja Broder; Julie Loisel; Klaus Holger Knorr
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High-resolution plant macrofossil records were examined alongside geochemical analysis (non-destructive X-Ray fluorescence and carbon stable isotopes), pollen, and micro-charcoal data of an ombrotrophic mountain peatland located in the Harz Mountains, central Germany, Europe. We hypothesize that increased deposition of dust and pollutants across the bog surface causes changes in habitat conditions, which in turn lead to shifts in moss-dominated communities. We observe that increases in the...
Topics: Carbon isotopes, Deforestation, Human impact, Sphagnum succession, XRF
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Michael J. Gatari; Patrick L. Kinney; Beizhan Yan; Elliott Sclar; Nicole Volavka-Close; Nicole S. Ngo; Samuel Mwaniki Gaita; Peter K. Ndiba; Anthony Gachanja; Jennifer Graeff; Steven N. Chillrud
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Airborne black carbon (BC) particles have serious implications for human health and climate change and thus represent a prime target for mitigation policies. The sources of BC include vehicles burning diesel fuel, which are common in urban areas in low-income countries. The objective of this study was to examine the possible relationship between traffic and airborne BC concentrations near roadways in Nairobi, Kenya. We measured personal exposure levels of BC in Nairobi in a field campaign in...
Topics: Air pollution, Black carbon, Diesel, PM 2.5, Roadway emissions, Sub-Saharan Africa, Transportation,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hongkai Gao; Hong Li; Zheng Duan; Ze Ren; Xiaoyu Meng; Xicai Pan
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Climate warming is expected to accelerate glacier retreat and shift hydrological regime, which poses great threat to regional water resources in terms of amount, variability, and quality. This is especially true in arid regions with glaciers such as the Central Asia. However, few models manage to mimic both glacier runoff and surface changes with adequate performance. To narrow this gap, we integrated a spatially distributed hydrological model (FLEX G ) and a glacier retreat model...
Topics: China, Climate change, FLEX hydrological model, Glacier retreat model, The Urumqi Glacier No. 1...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bruno Colling Klein; Mateus Ferreira Chagas; Tassia Lopes Junqueira; Mylene Cristina Alves Ferreira Rezende; Terezinha de Fátima Cardoso; Otavio Cavalett; Antonio Bonomi
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The use of renewable jet fuel (RJF) in substitution to fossil jet fuel is one of the main initiatives towards the reduction of impacts derived from carbon emissions by airline operations. This study compares different routes for RJF production integrated with sugarcane biorefineries in Brazil. Eight scenarios with sugarcane mills annexed to three ASTM−approved RJF production technologies, i.e. Hydroprocessed Esters and Fatty Acids (HEFA), Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis (FT), and Alcohol to Jet...
Topics: Biomass, Biorefinery, Life cycle analysis, Renewable jet fuel, Sugarcane, Techno-economic assessment
An improved full track model for tropical cyclones (TCs) based on statistical dynamics method is developed to estimate typhoon wind hazard in the coast of southeast China. The track model includes genesis model, movement model, and intensity model. The genesis model is established based upon an improved kernel probability density function with the biased cross-validation bandwidth. The movement model is developed based on the Beta and Advection Model (BAM). The intensity model consists of an...
Topics: Monte Carlo method, Statistical dynamics, Track model, Typhoon wind hazard
Dengue fever, a vector-borne disease, represents a priority public health problem in Ecuador. Previous studies indicated that the ecology of the transmitter vector (Aedes aegypti) is influenced by environmental parameters and human behavior; however, the effects of those variables on mosquito population dynamics depend on local environmental features. In this study, we identified the most important factors influencing the risk of dengue virus infection in Ecuador. The maximum entropy algorithm...
Topics: Climate change, Dengue fever, Ecological model, Ecuador, Habitat suitability
In this study, radiosonde observations from seven sites in Saudi Arabia for the period 1985 to 2016 were utilized to investigate the interannual, monthly, and seasonal variations and trends of precipitable water vapour (PWV). The magnitudes of these trends have been characterized and tested using the Mann-Kendall (MK) rank statistics at different significance levels. A significant decrease in the annual mean PWV by about 7% is found for the entire period. A seasonal cycle of PWV with a maximum...
Topics: Climate change, Mann-Kendall, Periodicities, Precipitable water vapour, Radiosonde, Saudi Arabia,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Current building energy use is projected to increase by 1.7% annually until 2025, and the great potential for energy reduction in existing buildings has created opportunities in building energy retrofit projects. In this research, a framework and method are proposed to evaluate the impacts of different retrofit options to existing building under climate change. A Python retrofit tool is developed to perform parametric study by running EnergyPlus under different retrofit scenarios for existing...
Topics: Building retrofit, Climate change, Energy use, EnergyPlus, Feature selection, Random forest
Tropical montane cloud forests are vulnerable to climate change. The cloud layer is lifting, causing warmer and drier conditions. With climate change, tropical ecosystems have the potential to accentuate global CO2 emissions because of their significant influence over global C cycling. Unfortunately, we do not know how this will affect belowground communities, like soil fungi, and the vital ecosystem processes they control. We performed a soil translocation experiment along an elevation...
Topics: Climate change, Decomposition, Extracellular enzyme activity, Fungi, Translocation, Tropical...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Camila Fernandes Ribeiro Machado; Ofélia de Queiroz Fernandes Araújo; José Luiz de Medeiros; Rita Maria de Brito Alves
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The chemical industry share of environmental impacts derives predominantly from the use of non-renewable feedstocks and inefficient use of mass and energy, resulting in atmospheric emissions, especially carbon dioxide, which is the main cause of global warming and climate change and expressive generation of wastes. Rather than treating carbon dioxide as waste, it can be regarded as an alternative chemical feedstock for synthesis of fuels and chemicals. Using carbon dioxide as a renewable and...
Topics: Carbon dioxide chemistry, Carbon dioxide utilization, Chemical process integration, Green...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xuefeng Sun; Qingxuan Zeng; Xuehe Lu; Chengqiu Lu; Wenchao Zhang; Xiaojian Zhang; Robin Dennell
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The Qinling Mountain Range (QMR) in central China encompasses innumerable Paleolithic sites. The hominin settlement in the QMR is comparable with that in the Nihewan Basin in northern China. The recorded information on the loess deposition in the QMR include both hominin remains and environmental changes. Since 2004, geological, geomorphological, archaeological, and chronological investigations were conducted by our team. By systematically using luminescence, paleomagnetic, and 26Al/10Be burial...
Topics: Climate change, Human occupation, Loess–paleosol sequence, Paleolithic sites, Qinling mountain...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Djamel Saba; Youcef Sahli; Fonbeyin Henry Abanda; Rachid Maouedj; Boudjemaa Tidjar
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Currently, the growth in building energy consumption presents raises concerns with greenhouse gases and environmental pollution. The building occupants face significant difficulties to control the consumed power due to several instabilities such as climate change and human behavior. Therefore, it is necessary to have a decision tool that optimizes the consumed energy and ensures an acceptable comfort for the occupants. This article presents an intelligent solution based on an ontology that...
Topics: Energy efficient, Ontology, Semantic web rule language, Smart home, Web ontology language
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. R. Mosquera-Losada; J. J. Santiago-Freijanes; M. Rois-Díaz; G. Moreno; M. den Herder; J. A. Aldrey-Vázquez; N. Ferreiro-Domínguez; A. Pantera; A. Pisanelli; A. Rigueiro-Rodríguez
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Agroforestry is an integrated land use management that combines a woody component with a lower story agricultural production recognized as one of the most important tools to mitigate and adapt to climate change. The objective of this paper is to provide a categorization and extent of agroforestry practices linked to agricultural and forest lands at regional level and evaluate how are they promoted by the previous (2007–2013) and current CAP (2014–2020) with a special focus on climate change...
Topics: Forest farming, Homegardens, Riparian buffer strips, Silvoarable, Silvopasture
Urban environments in Latin America must begin decarbonizing their activities to avoid increasing greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions rates due to their reliance on fossil fuel-based energy to support economic growth. In this context, cities in Latin America have high potential to convert sunlight into energy. Hence, the main objective of this study was to determine the potential of electricity self-sufficiency production and mitigation of GHG emissions in three medium-sized cities in Peru...
Topics: Climate change mitigation, GHG emissions, Life Cycle Assessment, Resilience, Smart cities, Solar...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hong Jin Yang; Chan Gyung Park; Rok Soon Kim; Kyung Suk Cho; Junhyeok Jeon
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Korean chronicles have a large amount of observational records of natural phenomena, including astronomical and meteorological events over two thousand years. Here we examine the correlation of solar activity and climate change from historical sunspot and frost records in the Korean chronicles. There are 42 sunspot records in Goryeo Dynasty (918–1392 CE) and 13 records in Joseon Dynasty (1392–1910 CE). The sunspot records in Goryeo Dynasty show a periodicity in good agreement with the...
Topics: Climate change, Frost, Korean chronicles, Long-period solar activity, Power spectral analysis,...
Problems of methodology often involve informational and interpretative problems that also affect the social lives of the people being studied and analysed. As such, these problems are inherently important in analysis of those social lives. This paper explores how recognising the problems of informational disorder, or ‘(dis)information’ allow us to elucidate the informational dynamics of the Australian Senate Committee Inquiry into Wind Turbines and the contested ways it attributes causality...
Topics: Australia, Disinformation, Politics of renewables, Wind farm syndrome, Wind farms
In the past 15 years progress has been made advancing sustainability in the mining sector. Yet mining-community conflict continues to grow. While the causes of conflict are often complex and interwoven, water is a frequent trigger of mining-community tension. Mineral resources are often found in areas of water scarcity and in regions susceptible to climate change. Furthermore, mining requires substantial volumes of water for operations. Competition with communities and other industrial users...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper evaluated the total carbon stock of mangrove ecosystems in two contrasting sites: a fishing village in Delta Kelantan (DK) and Ramsar sites in Johor Park (JP). In both sites, aboveground carbon was significantly higher than belowground carbon, and stems contained more carbon than leaf and root partitions. The average carbon concentration of individual mangrove species (44.9–48.1%) was not significantly different but the larger biomass of the DK samples resulted in vegetation carbon...
Topics: Biomass, Johor Park, Peninsular Malaysia, Ramsar's site, Sediment
The coastal region bordering the East coast of India is a thickly populated belt exposed to high risk and vulnerability from natural hazards such as tropical cyclones. Tropical cyclone frequencies that develop over the Bay of Bengal (average of 5–6 per year) region are much higher as compared to the Arabian Sea thereby posing a high risk factor associated with storm surge, inland inundation, wind gust, intense rainfall, etc. The Odisha State in the East coast of India experiences the highest...
Topics: Coastal Vulnerability Index, Inundation, Storm surges, Tropical cyclones
This paper explore the benefits of a bottom-up spatially enabled engineering building-based energy framework in identifying neighbourhoods, and community's building aggregated areas with spatial patters. We argue that an area-based approach allows more houses to be targeted in places where local area characteristics show inefficient elements, and may therefore potentially capture a greater number of households per unit of cost, compared to the existing self-referral methods. We propose a...
Topics: Building Envelopes, Cities, Climate Change, Decentralized Target Scenarios, Heating Systems, Hot...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yoan Fourcade; Aurélien G. Besnard; Edouard Beslot; Stéphanie Hennique; Gilles Mourgaud; Guillaume Berdin; Jean Secondi
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The conservation of grasslands is a concern worldwide as they are threatened by climate change and the expansion of intensive agricultural practices. The management of these areas must take into account the decisional process of habitat selection by individual organisms to identify potential ecological traps or underused habitats. Organisms that live in heterogeneous environments must select their breeding habitat based on cues that reflect habitat quality. In dynamic ecosystems such as...
Topics: Agri-environmental scheme, Environmental cues, Forb, Grass, Habitat selection, Vegetation structure
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Miquel De Cáceres; Nicolas Martin-StPaul; Marco Turco; Antoine Cabon; Victor Granda
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High-resolution meteorological data are necessary to understand and predict climate-driven impacts on the structure and function of terrestrial ecosystems. However, the spatial resolution of climate reanalysis data and climate model outputs is often too coarse for studies at local/landscape scales. Additionally, climate model projections usually contain important biases, requiring the application of statistical corrections. Here we present ‘meteoland’ an R package that integrates several...
Topics: Bias correction, Climate change, Drought stress, Regional climate model, Statistical downscaling,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by B. M. Jakosky; D. Brain; M. Chaffin; S. Curry; J. Deighan; J. Grebowsky; J. Halekas; F. Leblanc; R. Lillis; J. G. Luhmann; L. Andersson; N. Andre; D. Andrews; D. Baird; D. Baker; J. Bell
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Observations of the Mars upper atmosphere made from the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) spacecraft have been used to determine the loss rates of gas from the upper atmosphere to space for a complete Mars year (16 Nov 2014 – 3 Oct 2016). Loss rates for H and O are sufficient to remove ∼2–3 kg/s to space. By itself, this loss would be significant over the history of the planet. In addition, loss rates would have been greater early in history due to the enhanced solar EUV and...
Topics: Atmosphere, Magnetospheres, Mars, Mars atmosphere, Mars climate, Solar wind
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kelly T. Bocanegra-González; Evert Thomas; Marie Laure Guillemin; Dulcinéia de Carvalho; J. P. Gutiérrez; C. Alcázar Caicedo; L. G. Moscoso Higuita; L. A. Becerra
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Seasonally dry tropical forests (SDTFs) are one of the most degraded vegetation types worldwide and in Colombia
Topics: Climate change, Conservation, Fragmentation, Genetic diversity, Microsatellites, Seasonally dry...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Giedrė Kacienė; Diana Miškelytė; Hamada AbdElgawad; Gerrit Beemster; Han Asard; Austra Dikšaitytė; Jūratė Žaltauskaitė; Gintarė Sujetovienė; Irena Januškaitienė; Romualdas Juknys
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The initial aim of this study was to evaluate an effect of elevated CO2 concentration and air temperature (future climate) and O3 pollution on mono- and mixed-culture grown summer rape (Brassica napus L.) and wild mustard (Sinapis arvensis L.). The second task was to reveal the mechanisms of the shift in plants’ competitiveness in response to single and combined environmental changes. Plants were grown in mono- and mixed-cultures under current climate (CC) (400 μmol mol−1 of CO2, 21/14 °C...
Topics: Antioxidants, Brassicaceae, Oxidative damage, Ozone, Weed-crop competition
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Julio C. Tafolla-Arellano; Reginaldo Báez-Sañudo; Martín Ernesto Tiznado-Hernández
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In recent years, there has been a major increase in the commercialization of horticultural crops in response to population increase. However, several important factors associated with pre- and post-harvest conditions, including drought stress, pathogen infection, water loss and climate change are limiting the commercialization potential of many horticultural crops, thereby compromising agricultural sustainability. The cuticle, which is composed of cutin and waxes, provides a critical structural...
Topics: Biosynthesis, Biotic and abiotic stress, Crops, Cuticle, Quality
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Markus Dier; Jan Sickora; Martin Erbs; Hans Joachim Weigel; Christian Zörb; Remy Manderscheid
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Uncertainty still exists about the extent and mechanisms of yield stimulation by elevated atmospheric CO2 (e[CO2]) in wheat. Particularly, data of the e[CO2] effect under severe N deficiency from field experiments are scarce. To investigate the interaction of e[CO2] and N fertilization on important variables that determine grain yield and are often used in crop simulation models, e.g. radiation absorption by the canopy (AR), radiation use efficiency (RUE) and specific leaf N weight (SLNW), a...
Topics: Climate change, Free air CO2 enrichment, Grain yield, Leaf nitrogen, Nitrogen deficiency, Radiation...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The faulty notion that population size is a fundamental driver of scarcity undergirds discourses of demographic trends as both threats and burdens. This claim of population-induced scarcity builds on well-worn “overpopulation” narratives which are often simplistic and repetitive: the finite planet and its natural resources cannot support the overly large and growing global population. In this article, we analyze three interrelated discourses that portray contemporary demographic trends as...
Topics: Degradation narrative, Demographic dividend, Malthus, Population ageing, Youth bulge
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Transition to renewable energy systems is essential to achieve the climate change mitigation targets. However, the timing and the regions of the production and consumption of the renewable energy do not always match, and different energy storage technologies are needed to secure the uninterrupted energy supply. Liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHCs) offer a flexible media for the storage and transportation of renewable energy. These “liquid hydrogen batteries” are reversibly hydrogenated...
Topics: Dibenzyl toluene, Energy storage, Hydrogen, Liquid organic hydrogen carriers, Methanol
Approaches to resilience to climate change can be socially exclusionary if they do not acknowledge diverse experiences of risks or socio-economic barriers to resilience. This paper contributes to analyses of resilience by studying how theories of change (ToC) processes used by development organizations might lead to social exclusions, and seeking ways to make these more inclusive. Adopting insights from participatory monitoring and evaluation, the paper first presents fieldwork from four...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Livelihoods, Myanmar, Resilience, Theories of change
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lina María González-González; Diego F. Correa; Stephen Ryan; Paul D. Jensen; Steven Pratt; Peer M. Schenk
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The sustainable, efficient production of biofuel can lead to reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, lowered climate change impact and increased security owing to the fulfilment of global energy demands. Microalgae have been shown as an attractive feedstock for renewable fuel production, such as biodiesel and biogas. To date, more effort has been put towards the production of biodiesel using the lipid contents in algal cells, while less attention has been placed on biogas production through...
Topics: Anaerobic digestion, Biofuel, Biomethane, Biorefinery, Microalgae
Facing rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations, subsoils may play an important role in the global carbon (C) cycle due to the presence of unsaturated mineral surfaces. Further, macroaggregation is considered a crucial process influencing C sequestration. However, analyses on subsoil aggregation and C retention processes under long-term elevated CO2 (eCO2) are lacking. In this study we investigated the long-term effect of +20% above ambient CO2 concentration (corresponds to conditions reached...
Topics: SOC dynamics, Soil structure, Subsoil
This study comprehensively analyzed long-term (1960–2014) variations of potential and actual evapotranspiration (ET) and quantified their inter-annual and seasonal sensitivity and attribution to climate and vegetation growth changes in the upper reaches of the Yellow River Basin (UYRB). Satellite-derived vegetation greenness and in situ measured hydrometeorological datasets were used. Average annual reference evapotranspiration (ET0) showed significant decreasing trend (p < 0.05) by 0.32...
Topics: Asymmetric climate warming, Cold mountain region, Complimentary relationship, Evapotranspiration,...
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The relevance of energy efficiency policy measures for renewable-rich countries could be different from those countries that have a limited share of renewables in their electricity generation mix, and are therefore likely to focus on low-carbon energy generation policies. This paper presents a comparative analysis of the energy efficiency initiatives of the three highest renewable-rich OECD countries, namely: Iceland, Norway and New Zealand. The paper then focuses on a comprehensive review of...
Topics: Climate change, Energy efficiency, Energy intensity, Energy policy, New Zealand
Climate change has the potential to exacerbate eutrophication and the risk of harmful algal blooms in lakes. Periodic adjustment of nutrient criteria, as the cornerstone of eutrophication control and water quality management, is expected to help mitigate the impact of climate change on harmful cyanobacterial blooms. The nutrient criteria that do not threaten the function of the water body determined with generalized additive models (GAMs) were 0.88 mg/L for total nitrogen (TN) and 0.021 mg/L...
Topics: Algae bloom, Climate change, Eutrophication, Generalized additive model, Lake/reservoir, Nutrient...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Laura Dobor; Tomáš Hlásny; Rupert Seidl; Werner Rammer; Ivan Barka; Jiří Trombik; Pavol Pavlenda; Vladimír Šebeň; Petr Štěpánek
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Disturbances alter composition, structure, and functioning of forest ecosystems, and their legacies persist for decades to centuries. We investigated how temperate forest landscapes may recover their carbon (C) after severe wind and bark beetle disturbance, while being exposed to climate change. We used the forest landscape and disturbance model iLand to quantify (i) the recovery times of the total ecosystem C, (ii) the effect of climate change on C recovery, and (iii) the differential factors...
Topics: CO2 fertilization, Central Europe, Disturbance recovery, Forest carbon sink, Legacy sink, Norway...
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The role of technology transfer in the mitigation of climate change has been strongly emphasized in the recent policy debate. This paper offers a network-based perspective on the issue. First, we propose a methodology to infer from technology adoption data the network of diffusion and apply it to a detailed dataset on wind energy technologies installed globally since the 1980s. We then perform a statistical analysis of the network. It highlights a relatively inefficient organization,...
Topics: Technology transfer, Wind energy
In this study, it is argued, Ethiopia should in principle agree with the World in international climate change agreements (such as the Paris climate accord), purely to avoid any political and economic sanctions from “Earth friendly” nations and institutions; however, she should avoid becoming carbon neutral at the expense of adding costs and slowing her industrial development prospects. In fact, since CO2 emission (energy consumption) is directly correlated to economic prosperity and...
Topics: "CO2 versus Pharmaceutical Drugs Argument, Carbon-tax versus Financial Aid, Climate Change as...
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Climate change and other sustainability challenges represent a foundational contest to traditional urban development concepts and practices. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from urban infrastructure and leading cities towards climate resilience requires a transformation of city structures, its organisation and its resident's lifestyles. To anchor such a transformative course of action, a wider societal consensus building with an active and earnest engagement with all relevant actors and...
Topics: Cities, Climate change, India, Indonesia, Philippines, Resilience, Stakeholder dialogues
Tropical forests play an important role in global carbon (C) cycling due to high primary productivity and rapid litter and soil organic C decomposition. However, it is still unclear how changing rainfall will influence soil CO2 losses (i.e. via soil respiration) in tropical forests. Here, using a rainfall and litter manipulation experiment in a tropical forest, we show that enhanced litter-leached dissolved organic carbon (DOC) production with increased rainfall frequency drives substantial CO2...
Topics: Climate change, Dissolved organic carbon, Rainfall change, Soil respiration, Tropical forests
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by Guillaume Peterson St-Laurent; Shannon Hagerman; Kieran M. Findlater; Robert Kozak
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Effective governance of public forests depends, in part, on public support for changes in forest management, particularly those responding to changes in socio-ecological conditions driven by climate change. Trust in managing authorities and knowledge about forest management have proven influential in shaping public support for policy across different forest managemen contexts. However, little is known about the relationship between public trust and knowledge as it relates to policy support for...
Topics: Policy support, Public trust
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Priya DasSarma; Shiladitya DasSarma
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The remarkable survival of microorganisms high above the surface of the Earth is of increasing interest. At stratospheric levels, multiple stressors including ultraviolet and ionizing radiation, low temperatures, hypobaric conditions, extreme desiccation, and nutrient scarcity are all significant challenges. Our understanding of which microorganisms are capable of tolerating such stressful conditions has been addressed by stratospheric sample collection and survival assays, through launching...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shweta Srinivasan; Nazar Kholod; Vaibhav Chaturvedi; Probal Pratap Ghosh; Ritu Mathur; Leon Clarke; Meredydd Evans; Mohamad Hejazi; Amit Kanudia; Poonam Nagar Koti; Bo Liu; Kirit S. Parikh; Mohammed Sahil Ali; Kabir Sharma
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This paper provides projections of water withdrawals and consumption for electricity generation in India through 2050. Based on the results from five energy-economic modeling teams, the paper explores the implications of economic growth, power plant cooling policies, and electricity CO2 emissions reductions on water withdrawals and consumption. To understand how different modeling approaches derive different results for energy-water interactions, the five teams used harmonized assumptions...
Topics: Electricity generation, Emissions, India, Water consumption, Water withdrawals
Black Carbon (BC) has been widely recognized as the second largest source of territorial and global climate change as well as a threat to human health. There has been serious concern of BC emission and its impact in Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) due to the use of biomass and fossil fuels for cooking, transportation and industrial activities. An attempt has been made to study indoor (Liquefied Petroleum Gas- LPG & Traditional cookstoves users households) and outdoor concentrations; seasonal...
Topics: Black carbon, Firewood, HYSPLIT, Health impact, Hotspots, Radiative forcing
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Julian Torres de Miranda Pinto; Oscar Mistage; Patrícia Bilotta; Eckard Helmers
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When attempting to reduce atmospheric emissions, a strategy commonly suggested by experts is the replacement of road transport with rail transport. However, in many countries and for many companies worldwide a complete transition to rail transport of freight is not feasible due to either a lack of available railway infrastructure or high investment costs. With that in mind, this paper aims to assess the potential of road-rail intermodal operations as a strategy to reduce atmospheric emissions,...
Topics: Emissions, Freight, Greenhouse gas, Intermodal, Rails, Roads
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In the dominant industrial economy, packaging waste represents a significant share of urban solid waste generation (∼20.0% by volume in Europe and United States), with wide-ranging negative impacts on interconnected human-Earth systems. The transition from the dominant linear economy to a model grounded in circularity by intention and design can build a new essential foundation for the market economy and packaging utilization. This work examines packaging production and consumption vis-à-vis...
Topics: Cassava starch, Circular economy, Climate change, Packaging, Sustainability, Waste management
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In response to anthropogenic climate change, bioethics scholars have advocated a return to its roots in Van Rensselaer Potter's vision of bioethics as a discipline integrating the humanities and the sciences to support ecology. These scholars have noted that the discipline of bioethics diverged from this vision, and today its focus is on human health. This paper's ultimate argument is that these scholars do not appreciate the radicalness of their proposal and its potential to disrupt the...
Topics: Anthropocene, Bioethics, Climate change, Environmental humanities, Health care
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kokou Adambounou Amouzou; John P.A. Lamers; Jesse B. Naab; Christian Borgemeister; Paul L.G. Vlek; Mathias Becker
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Climate change and variability challenge crop productivity and resource use efficiency in West Africa. Despite abundant research on climate change impact on crop yields and food security, little is known about climate change effects on the resource use efficiencies of the main staple crops in the dry savanna agro-ecological zone of northern Benin, West Africa. This study assessed the impact of climate change on water- and N-use efficiencies, and yields of maize and sorghum in the dry savanna of...
Topics: CERES-Maize, CERES-Sorghum, Climate change, Sorghum bicolor, Zea mays
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shuo Liang; Yuefen Li; Xubo Zhang; Zhigang Sun; Nan Sun; Yinghua Duan; Minggang Xu; Lianhai Wu
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Climate change and excessive fertilization will threaten the crops yields and nitrogen utilization in coming decades. The aim of this study is to quantify the response of crop yields and nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) to different fertilization strategies and climate change scenarios in the northern China by 2100 using the process-based SPACSYS model. The model was calibrated and validated with the data from four long-term experiments with winter wheat (Triticum Aestivium L.) and summer maize...
Topics: Climate change, Double cropping, Nitrogen use efficiency, SPACSYS model, Yield
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tomonori Tsunoda; Kobayashi Makoto; Jun Ichirou Suzuki; Nobuhiro Kaneko
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Air and soil warming influences both plants and root herbivorous insects, but how warming alters their interactions is largely unknown. Because both the intensity of herbivory and plant susceptibility to the herbivory depend on temperature, it is difficult to predict the effects of insect herbivory on plant growth under warming. To analyse changes in belowground plant-insect interaction due to warming, we conducted a pot experiment using one grass species, Lolium perrene, and one beetle grub...
Topics: Belowground herbivory, Biological-context dependency, Biomarker, Climate change, Indirect effects,...
Greenhouse gas (GHG) concentration in the atmosphere has increased since the beginning of the industrial era, with dramatic effects on climate change. Transportation is one of the main sources of GHGs, with more than two-thirds of transport-related GHG emissions attributable to road vehicles. Any policy that aims to reduce GHG emissions needs robust measuring methods that guarantee the quality and reliability of primary data and estimates. However, these estimates are subject to uncertainty,...
Topics: Direct and indirect emissions, GHG inventory, Uncertainty, Vehicle transportation
Since climate change involves uncertainty, complexity and massive, rapid disruptions, companies seeking to adapt need to search for specific and non-traditional knowledge. Social learning approaches have emerged as a promising way to address the issue of adaptation to climate change. This paper examines the structuring of a business strategy for adaptation in a Brazilian thermoplastic resin and petrochemical company to exemplify the extent to which internal changes in the organization's...
Topics: Business risk management, Climate change adaptation, Community of practice, Organizational...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ronald K. Vogel; Xianming Meng; Peter Walsh; Alan Morris; Chris Riedy
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Sydney has emerged as a major global city in the 21st century. We review the “global city thesis” which dominates urban scholarship and practice, and ask whether it adequately captures the Sydney experience. Although the global city thesis is a useful analytical construct for policy makers and scholars, we argue that it does not adequately chart Sydney's rise as a leading global city and its current problems. The global city thesis ignores the political institutions and processes that shape...
Topics: Public transit, Social housing, Sustainability transition, Sydney, Transformative capacity, Urban...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jean Marcel Sousa Lira; Eduardo Gomes Salgado; Luiz Alberto Beijo
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Non-renewable fuels are the world's main source of energy. However, the decrease in supply, increased demand, higher product costs and adverse effects on the environment led to the need to create the ISO 50001: 2011 standard to implement the Energy Management System (EnMS) in order to increase energy efficiency and reduce the emission of greenhouse gases (GHG). Thus, the objective of this work was to characterize the diffusion process of the ISO 50001 standard around the world and what are the...
Topics: Climate change, Country certification level, Energy depletion, Energy management system
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by José A. Aznar-Sánchez; Juan F. Velasco-Muñoz; Luis J. Belmonte-Ureña; Francisco Manzano-Agugliaro
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In recent decades, the scarcity of water resources, the deterioration of aquatic ecosystems and associated repercussions for other ecosystems have become major global challenges. In this context, research on water ecosystem services has become increasingly important. The objective of this work is to analyse the evolution of this line of research worldwide for the period 1998–2017. A bibliometric analysis showed that this line of research has been gaining relevance within the ecosystem...
Topics: Bibliometric analysis, Ecosystem services, Scientific research, Scopus, Water
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jianjun Cao; Xiaofang Zhang; Ravinesh Deo; Yifan Gong; Qi Feng
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Afforestation implemented on available lands that have a poor fertility with a low primary productivity is considered to be a significant land use change issue globally, especially in the current phase of increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations. However, different stand types and stand ages, where afforestation is initiated, may have a different effect on soil carbon storage. Two stand types, including the apricot and poplar stand, both with 40 years, and two stand ages, including the apricot...
Topics: Afforestation, Climate change, Land use type, Soil organic carbon, The Loess Plateau
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Whyjay Zheng; Matthew E. Pritchard; Michael J. Willis; Paul Tepes; Noel Gourmelen; Toby J. Benham; Julian A. Dowdeswell
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The glaciers of the Franz Josef Land (FJL) archipelago in the Russian Arctic are subjected to rapidly-warming temperatures but are small contributors to sea level. We analyze ice surface elevation data derived from satellite stereo imagery (WorldView and SPOT), radar altimetry (CryoSat-2), and a digitized 1953 cartographic map to calculate elevation change rates [Formula presented]. Mass loss from FJL doubled between 2011 and 2015 compared to 1953–2011/2015, increasing from a rate of −2.18...
Topics: ArcticDEM, Climate change, CryoSat-2, Cryosphere, DEM, Elevation change, Franz Josef Land, Glacier,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Gisselle E. Guerra-Chanis; Miguel Reyes-Merlo; Manuel Díez-Minguito; Arnoldo Valle-Levinson
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River discharge, precipitation, wind, water level and salinity measurements were used to investigate saltwater intrusion in a subtropical estuary. The upstream limit of saltwater intrusion was defined by the position of the 2 g/kg isohaline (X2) as it changed each tidal cycle. Observations were obtained from November 2014 to November 2015 along the Suwannee River, at Florida's Big Bend. Observations provided information to construct a first-order autoregressive Markov-chain model and predict...
Topic: Suwannee River
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shalini Dhyani; Shruti Lahoti; Shubhankar Khare; Paras Pujari; Parikshit Verma
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Nagpur city is among the fastest growing agglomerations of Central India. The city is considered to be a fore-runner in sustainable development amist the rapid urbanization occurring in India. Though, selected under the “smart city” project launched by the Indian government, the city faces many urban challenges ineffectively addressed by the current development plan. Haphazard and rapid infrastructural development without any comprehensive plan is leading to urban sprawl that compromises...
Topics: Disaster Risk Reduction, Ecosystem based approaches, Ecosystem services, Nagpur, Smart City,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yuan Fang; S. Thomas Ng; Zhendong Ma; Hongyang Li
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Carbon emissions contribute substantially to climate change. Many researchers believe that the construction industry can contribute significantly to carbon dioxide reduction through cleaner and more sustainable building production and construction, e.g. low energy building design and the use of low carbon materials. Nonetheless, the environmental impacts associated with construction process should not be underestimated. Despite that, as construction process is complex and involves many...
Topics: Carbon emissions, Construction logistics process, Construction process, Emission factor, Quota...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Petronia Carillo; Christophe El-Nakhel; Valerio Cirillo; Giuseppe Colla; Youssef Rouphael
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Natural or synthetic small molecules (
Topics: Benzimidazole, Ion homeostasis, Lactuca sativa L., Photosynthesis, Small bioactive molecules,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change and weather variations are strongly associated with the incidence of dengue fever, outbreak risk in Pakistan and other developing countries. Knowledge and adaptation measures can affect the incidence and outbreak risk of dengue fever. The present study attempted to determine the knowledge, perception and adaptation to dengue fever by the respondents in Faisalabad, Pakistan employing cross-sectional data. The respondents who suffered and those that did not suffer from dengue fever...
Topics: Dengue fever, Knowledge, Pakistan, Perception
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Since the conclusion of the 2014 Climate Summit in New York and the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris, China has been actively advancing its national policies on climate change mitigation and adaptation since more unpredictable extreme weather events are expected, which may incur a heavy cost in terms of economics and public health. Since China is still in the process of urbanisation, the greatest challenge it faces is finding a balance between economic growth and keeping carbon...
Topics: China's adaptation straggles, Climate change, Urban climate
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yun Chen; Juan P. Guerschman; Zhibo Cheng; Longzhu Guo
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Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is an emerging climate change mitigation technology which prevents carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from entering the atmosphere, so as to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Environmental monitoring in CCS sites is critical for ensuring that any CO 2 leakage and its effect on biota, especially vegetation, is detectable. It also plays an important role in creating a social license to operate and assuring the general public that the mechanisms for leak detection and...
Topics: CCS, CO 2 emission, Hyperspectral imaging, Leakage effects, Stress detection, Vegetation condition
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Y. Zhou; R. Webster; R. A. Viscarra Rossel; Z. Shi; S. Chen
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Much of the carbon (C) stored in the soil of the high Qinghai–Tibet Plateau could be lost as a result of global warming. To provide a baseline against which to assess the loss we have made a new map at 90-m resolution from sample data of 1148 soil profiles augmented by information on climate, vegetation, physiography and digital elevation. We used the program Cubist, which works as a form of regression tree, to predict the concentration at the nodes of the 90-m grid. The uncertainty of the...
Topics: Climate change, Digital soil mapping, Soil carbon stock, Soil organic carbon, Tibetan Plateau
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change threatens agricultural production and the food security of developing countries in complex ways that demand environmentally friendly innovations. Climate-smart agriculture provides a response to climate change whilst enhancing livelihood of farmers. Climate-smart agricultural technological innovations at farm level have the potential to address climate-related challenges. However, inadequate adoption of these technologies remains a problem. This paper identifies available...
Topics: Adoption, Agriculture, Climate-smart agriculture, Farmers, South Africa, Technological innovations
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jianhong E. Mu; Bruce A. McCarl; Benjamin Sleeter; John T. Abatzoglou; Hongliang Zhang
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This paper examines adaptation responses to climate change through adjustment of agricultural land use. The climate drivers we examine are changes in long-term climate normals (e.g., 10-year moving averages) and changes in inter-annual climate variability. Using US county level data over 1982 to 2012 from Census of Agriculture, we find that impacts of long-term climate normals are as important as that of inter-annual climate variability. Projecting into the future, we find projected climate...
Topics: Adaptation, Agricultural land uses, Climate uncertainty, Inter-annual climate variability,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yue Yuan Yu; Neil C. Turner; Yan Hong Gong; Feng Min Li; Chao Fang; Li Juan Ge; Jian Sheng Ye
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Ridge-furrow mulching can reduce soil evaporation and conserve rainfall, thereby increasing crop yield and water use efficiency (WUE) in dryland cropping systems. In this study, we collected 837 observations from 50 published papers and used meta-analysis to investigate whether ridge-furrow and mulching practices are equally effective on maize yield, WUE and evapotranspiration (ET) across a range of precipitation and temperature gradients and soil types in China. Five practices were included:...
Topics: Climate change, Growing-season precipitation, Growing-season temperature, Hydrothermal environment,...
When climate change policies are implemented in practice, they travel through the hands of a range of practitioners who not only mediate but also potentially transform climate interventions. This article highlights the role of a group of actors whose practices have so far received little attention in the study of climate change governance, namely the public servants who are responsible for the everyday implementation of national climate change policies and associated programmes on the ground....
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Zambia
Alternative jet fuels are one of the four mechanisms by the United Nations International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to limit and reduce carbon emissions from international aviation. By using Carol Bacchi's what's the problem represented to be? method of discourse analysis, the objective of this paper was to identify and understand the premises and effects of the problem-solving paradigm underlying ICAO's alternative jet fuel strategy. As a result, three problem representations were...
Topics: Alternative jet fuels, Climate change, International aviation, Policy analysis, Weak sustainability
This study evaluated the performance of three climate change mitigation management scenarios; business as usual (BAU), low intensity management (LIM) and high intensity management (HIM) to provide ecosystem services. ETCAP simulation model was used to forecast forest development for Pozantı area with 17,603 ha forests in Turkey. Wood production, biodiversity conservation, carbon sequestration and water provision were the primary ecosystem services. The species composition, natural composition,...
Topics: Biodiversity, Carbon, Climate change, Forest management, Simulation, Water
The South Korean government released a greenhouse gas (GHG) emission mitigation target for 2030 under the 2015 Paris Agreement and developed a detailed implementation plan in 2016 to achieve the target. In this study, we analyzed the GHG emission reduction potential of South Korea's transportation sector under the implementation plan. We first identified six technology policy options already adopted or being considered for adoption by the Korean government in the near future. Next, we...
Topics: Energy system model, GHG emission, Mitigation potential, Technology policy