Throughout Al-Shabaab's history, the militant group has demonstrated enduring organizational resiliency in the face of concerted international counterterrorism efforts and turbulent internal dynamics. This thesis explores the factors that enabled the terrorist group's success and resilience in East Africa by considering two severe low points in the group's history, notably the failure of the Ramadan Offensive in 2010 and the death of Al-Shabaab emir Ahmed Godane in 2014. Both cases apply alternative hypotheses related to political context, organizational attributes, and counterterrorism failures and assess the hypotheses' relevance to the case of Al-Shabaab in Somalia. Al-Shabaab's critical factors for resiliency provide insight into potential policy implications for Somalia and similarly situated conflict zones.
Hafez, Mohammed M.
Security Studies (Middle East, South Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa)
Naval Postgraduate School
Master of Arts in Security Studies (Middle East, South Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa)
National Security Affairs (NSA)
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