London life renew newspaper dickens dickens
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London life renew newspaper dickens dickens: An editor named george hogarth around this time invited dickens to submit sketches of london life renew newspaper dickens not only took the job but became engaged to george's daughter catherine and she should be in here next to be married.
- 2022-06-07 21:54:37
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- Welcome. Morning. Thank you all for being here today like to welcome all of you and especially any visitors we have our guests. This is prayer unitarian universalist society my name is dan prod i'm a member of the congregation here. Prairie aspires to be both an open-minded and open. Heartattack rogation and we welcome people of all backgrounds religious ethnic. Gender and a different family structures. So you're all welcome. On sunday mornings we provide a wide variety of services. Sometimes these are done by prairie member which is the case today. Sometimes fire by our minister. Sandy ingham. And. Today our presentation will be by robin proud. Are you going to read the opening works robbins robbery the opening work. From a christmas carol this is actually what. The ghost of marley tell scrooge. The common welfare was my business. Charity mercy forbearance and benevolence were. My business. I know you will. I have looked like i was fighting with her. Donna murdoch. A child journeys far from home. Careful. And bray. Guided by this child. May we seek to understand the causes. A fly. Like the comfort of a candle. Let us welcome this child. Into our home. With warm. Nourishment and love. Would we not want the same for our own child. Lost and alone in a strange land. Recent photo. In tracy. My favorite speaker is speaking today happens to be my wife. Robin has a spoken the number of times before. This sunday on various lives of uu. Females. That many of which are not known or well-known to. The general public today is an exception. Going to hear about charles dickens and. I assume how is life and writings. Pertain to the seven principles the uu principles. Which are. A written offer on these posters around the. Walter salt. Robin is. A speaker for many years and some of you may know that she's so i can toastmasters. And i think that's so. Where she has honed her skull. And. She's as delightful a person to live with that she has who makes peaches so enjoy her spot and we'll have some time for. 4 questions after work. Thank you. First i have to tell you that was not actually the end of the story. The very last thing after this. Dua for marriage is. It only remains to grandmama around marina to make an end of the fishbone so she took it from the hand of the princess alicia and instantly flew down the throat of the dress a little snapping pug dog next door and talk to him. Animal shelter and i thought they might not care for that ending so i saved that for you and it's a bit. Emblematic that dickens did have a darker side that sort of fitting. This dog supposedly had it coming. Alright. So i'm departing from my series on you you women. I several years ago it's about five years ago that i joined a group on goodreads which is an online site for book lovers that reads a lot of classics and they came up with the idea to read all the works of dickens in the order who wrote them and someone in the way they came out which was in cereal form. And the excitement around there was really very similar to popular tv shows are people waiting for the star next star wars movie. So doing this we have people from around the world in this group including some. I want me tired english professor in england would post pictures of things that were in the books and people have never read dickens before so it's been great experience. In 2012 was the 200th anniversary of dickens birth and i had asked the program committee whether we could get someone from the university who was an expert on dickens to speak in that didn't happen but now that we've read all these books except the final one which we're about to start. Which was unfinished. And have read the biography i decided i was enough of an expert program. Now what you use generally claim dickens because he at least some involvement with unitarian church in part of his life he wasn't a big churchgoer. But his concern about social issues definitely match the unitarians of his time. And so i want to give a brief overview of dickens life and work and then some examples of how dickens novel support the seven principles which we are focusing on this year. So we can start here and his picture of pages have been written about chickens so this is ivy very brief. Charles dickens was born february 7th 1812 and we have a picture of his parents then. John and elizabeth. John is famous for being the model of mr. micawber who you'll see next. Someone who is always in debt and everhope. Hopeful and i think you could see this picture that it made sense a wc fields played him in a movie. His here to famous saying one was something will turn up and apparently charles dickens father. Would say that an annual income twenty pounds and it will expenditure 19019 and 6 results happiness annual income twenty pounds result misery. Because of changes in their fathers employment the family moved frequently and i think there's a picture of the birthplace. And then the next one was dickens fondest memories were time they spent in rural kent. Where was happy in school he and his father often walked by a large house on the top of the hill. And charles said he would like to live there someday. But really the next with something very different. Because soon after they moved to london to john was arrested for and taken to the marshalsea prison now this seems like an odd feature of the nineteenth century that if you couldn't pay you were put in prison where you had no way to make money. But as we have learned that it's not at all out of fashion exactly what's happening to people in ferguson who couldn't pay traffic tickets and today's new york times. It talks about how there's one prosecute no one public defender for entire parish of louisiana. And so if. Poor people don't have a lawyer they're probably going to end up being in jail where they cannot. Pay any fines. So his the family went to live there but charles was 12. He was a sensitive and bookish boy he loves to read. But it was sent he was sent out first to pawn any items of value which he found very. Did embarrassing. Upsetting. And then he was put to work in a black ink factory. Black english shoe polish but actually was something that was used to clean the. Fireplaces. Toys job was to put labels on these bottles. He felt strongly that the work in the company were beneath him he had had to give up his schooling. He was very lonely he was living in a rented room by himself he could only see his parents on sundays. A top it all off his parents seem to think this was a great opportunity for him to get into the business world. Fortunately for the family a relative died and the small inheritance that came to them was enough. Jeffrey johnson prison. Charles's mother however son no reason for him not to continue in his job. He later wrote. I never afterwards forgot. I never shall forget i never can forget that my mother was warm for my being sent back. But is she wanted him to keep working in the factory. His father prevail in sending charles to school although the school turned out to be an indifferent one as are most of those portrayed in dickens. Dickens mother is caricatured and several female characters. Most notably mrs. nickleby who can never finish one spot or anecdote before veering off into another. When charles was 15 and old enough to be a clerk in a law office. He told himself shorthand which he described in david copperfield in a humorous way how difficult that was. He became a reporter. So working in a law office in in the courts he was able to observe all sorts of people and episodes in the daily life of london. He went to the theater as often as possible. Around this time he also fell in love with maria beadnell a c a realm. We are here for this was a picture of more romantic picture of the. Marshalsea prison as his figures in the book little dorrit become quite. Gothic. And this was the blacking factory. And. Here is maria who was dickens first love. She was probably the model for dora in david copperfield. Apparently she lost interest in him before he did in her. An editor named george hogarth around this time invited dickens to submit sketches of london life renew newspaper dickens not only took the job but became engaged to george's daughter catherine and she should be in here next to be married. In 1836 charles start his career. Sophia and catherine married and they would eventually have ten children. Alex. Go ahead here here is sketches by bows which was his first. Published work. Sketches of london life. And. Then the first installment of the pickwick papers which. A these actually posthumous papers of the pickwick club. Oh i'm sorry i'm wandering way. So different at this time working on an ambitious historical novel which would become barnaby rudge which is probably his least read or notebook. But it was the populist and popular sam weller. Who made. Dickens an overnight success. Sam was beloved for his cheeky cockney persona his great loyalty and his unique maxim such as. Everyone to his own taste the old woman said when she kissed her how. So i didn't quite get this when i read the book about sam but what i watch the bbc series which i believe you can find on youtube and definitely in the library. The young fellow and he's just or dynamic. Whenever he's on the screen you just can't even look at anything else and this is the way he grabbed people. Who read about his. His character he was supposed to be just one of many characters the pickwick papers tells the story of. The pickwick club the scooper for men traveling around england and going to different. Places in observing different things. And similar was just supposed to show up in 1. Instance but because he was so popular he was brought back and became a servant of mr. pickwick. And this picture also shows that there was. Immediately lots of commercialism just like today they're all kinds of plates in. Mugs and. Paraphernalia with the likenesses one difference that was that dickens receive no money from any of this. Dickens juggled installments of the comic pickwick with his next book which was the more dramatic oliver twist which we should have somewhere here. Like all his work it appeared in cereal form. Now dickens was well launched as a profitable author and moved his new family to a bigger house which we. After. But tragedy struck catherine's younger sister married. Apple dip with them died suddenly one night. Everyone was sad but dickens was overwhelmed. It could be his romanticizing of this innocent girl that led dickens to fill his novels with sweet naive young women. And it did seem to have what i would say the woody allen problem he didn't seem to like very young women. Charles was saved from his depression by a new friend he made a man named john forrester who we have a. Limit later picture of. What were the years forester was the only person in whom charles confided about his early life and his true feelings. Enforcer became dickens best friend his literary agent. First biographer and the liberation part was also a big thing because it was hard for writers to have any if you have copyright at the time. A lot of difference works were immediately pirated again that's a problem we have in modern times as well. Oliver twist and expose the evils of the workhouse so that's where oliver says could i have some more. And the next book nicholas nickleby took on the yorkshire schools. And these were institutions where unwanted an inconvenient boys were sent to be abused and forgotten. Will next dickens plan to edit a magazine called master humphries clock and he would be only one of many contributors but it didn't catch on so he ended up turning his story into the old curiosity shop. You should have there. Fortunately forget cuz this was one of his best-selling works so it's really a favorite today. Due to its episodic structure and exaggerated sentimentality. But american audiences who got these. Books later each episode lineup at the pier to ask about the latest installment did little nell die that's a bit like downton abbey you get that after the english it already had this story right. Four people waiting for the last harry potter book. I neither had oscar wilde once said. One would have to have a heart of stone to read the death of little nell without dissolving into tears. Of laughter. What's the weather. The next book barnaby rudge. A historical novel has a mentally handicapped hero do we have him there with his crow crow it was not a comfortable success. But you can set his sights on a new audience. America. In 1842 he and catherine toured parts of the united states and canada. He was put off by the crudeness and boasting of the americans. And your adoration of him as a celebrity. And he made no headway in fighting against piracy other books that was a big issue. Dickens took his revenge by mercilessly satirizing america in his next book martin chuzzlewit. The next year dickens place too short book back at home the christmas carol. It had some high aims of drawing attention to the plight of the poor. But dick is also hoped it would be paranoid finances however. The decision to publish it in a deluxe edition. The special binding and colored plates. Wiped out his profits. Now one thing that always strikes me about this holiday classic is how secular it is. There's really only one indirect reference to jesus when tiny tim says it is good for people in church to see him. Remember the one who made the blind see and the lame walk. The main thrust is. Humanist is all about what we can give to our fellow human beings. The book became a favorite in ensuing months and years and was almost immediately adapted into a play and as we don't mini. Play and film versions. Dickinson road additional christmas stories in 16 years that they always do and pretty well but none of them reach the. 11 nature of this one. Dickinson his family traveled the continent to the continent spending extended time italy and switzerland. It was here he going to reading for friends and seeing how much he and they both enjoyed it. He came up with the idea of doing public readings. On one of my online book groups. Someone was talking about audiobooks which i love. And his prison sentence just wrong to reclass attempt classics. An audio for instance dickens. And i responded first of all of em all the authors. Dickens was someone who. Headed account serialized often people would have one copy and they would read it aloud to the family everyone didn't have their own copy it was not on. Amazon order a kindle. And. Dickens himself. Love to do these readings of dramatic parts of his books. I'm struck what i've read some of these books about how cinematic they are there was no movies movies but there was theater and because his was a great theatre-goer in fact might have become an actor if his career and got a little bit differently. He had a very scenic imagination. I just returned to london with his writing career well-established. Dickens did something that was not well known at the time he founded a charity hall for young woman who had already been or were in danger of becoming prostitute. Now the house was run by a woman. And. Dickens. Did not put his name on it but he did have some input and something she requested were to have a minimum of preaching. The ladies should be allowed to wear colorful dresses. Edit they should be allowed to read like reading material not just sermons. Also that they should be taught reading and writing and household skills. After which they were encouraged to marry and to emigrate. Linda. Apparently it was his friend forster's idea for dickens to write his largely autobiographical novel david copperfield. In the first person to start googling these things and i was looking for pictures of course david copperfield is the name of a. Magician but uriah heep was a figure in here is also the name of a rock band and so is little darryl by the way i did not know that. So this was the first book that dickens wrote in the first person and he took naturally to it. A blended smoothly the voice of an older narrator and the perspective of a small child. Having just one point of view makes the story very direct and suspenseful and it was partly autobiographical. David has to. Going to work in a factory. And. Make his way in life and then later becomes a law clerk at a writer. It was not dickens bestseller at the time but he always said it was his favorite and it did go on to be his most famous book around the world. Play 1050 dickens founded a periodical to be called household words which had a number of contributors including elizabeth gaskell who was a unitarian woman first to be a successful author under her own name she wrote north and south wives and daughters and cranford some of what you seen on bbc. At first i was very enthusiastic about. Elizabeth gaskell. But as they work together she resented some of his demands for deadlines and so on and he wrote to. Divorce over one of his correspondence. Mrs gaskell if she work if i were mr. g how i would beat her. Yes he wrote next to short and simple novel hard times. In order to boost circulation of the magazine and it's the same as the plight of the workmen. Which is actually what gasket balsa-wood about in mary barton in north and south butt. To me it seems that this particular book is very melodramatic and symbolic doesn't really come to life as well as some of his others. But as simple as hard times was the next novel bleak house is a complex. With a wealth of characters. Probably the first detective in a novel. Elements of horror. And some very modern experimentation with forms of writing. It's also an extended satire and criticism of the law courts and the british class structure. Although charles and catherine were producing children almost every year their marriage was becoming more and more strained. Answer this is where the different sides of dickens come out that. At one of his daughters wrote the people thought we must be someone who goes about with holly all the time. Marion. And it was not always like that. What dickens got a chance to meet once more his first love maria beto he eagerly visited but he found she was now middle-aged overweight and foolish so he gave a similar experience to. Where is arthur comes back and is excited to meet again with his this young woman whose knock-knock so young and. And very foolish. This book wasn't linked on the marshall. Marshalsea prison and on all the types of prisons that humans create for ourselves. It's about money making it losing its spending it and how it changes people. For himself money had allowed chickens to make one dream come true in 1856. He bought the very house on gad's hill in kent that he and his father had admired so many years before. This was a wonderful family home but the family was far from idyllic. Dickens wrote to his friend forester catherine and i are not made for each other and there is no help for it. And. Really during this time he began to blame his wife to say terrible things about her which were probably not true. Dickinson always loved the theater and now we became acquainted with the turn-in family a mother and two daughters were all actresses and. Dickens was 45 and ellen was call nellie was only 18. He became besotted with her. And although he needed to keep the infatuation from the public because he was a famous family figure. It was all too evident to his wife and growing children. Dickens begin to attack his wife catherine directly and complaining to his friends and acquaintances in blaming her for all his unhappiness. No one knows exactly how the relationship went between charles and nelly it seems that he worshiped her platonically for a time and then they became lovers. At one point she was living in france and he was visiting regularly. There is a theory that she had a baby who died. It does seem that once he gave his heart to ellen ternan dickens was faithful to her for the rest of his life. Dickens left his wife and lived with several of his daughters. Get always gotten along better with his daughters that his son. He resented the easy life his sons had in comparison with how he had grown up. And he didn't like their lack of appreciation or initiative. And indeed most of them never succeeded in life. Despite intermittent fieldhouse dickens was constantly active writing speaking going on in society roman london in the countryside. He was known to walk for hours at night in london. Which provided the intimate knowledge of the city he brought too many of his novels. Stephen return to america what you found in his opinion much-improved. Cleveland apology in the next episode of martin chuzzlewit. Hero tale of two cities great expectations and our mutual friend and we have some. The pictures there. He also wrote a number of travel. Although he had a stroke in 1869 he continued working. It was in the midst of the unfinished edwin drood when he collapsed. And there was a controversy about whether he was at home with his daughters. Or whether he was with nelly at the time it was brought home. Indifference daflon fellow road. Difference was so full of life that it did not seem possible he could die. I never knew an author's jeff to cause of general morning. It is no exaggeration to say that the whole country is stricken with grief. And that wasn't america. In england he was buried in westminster abbey we have. Black i think. Oh okay that's fine i'm not have not been. Signaling tussaud. Turn on the window a little bit about chickens life and work let's turn to the seven principles. The first principle in the inherent worth and dignity of every person will this was the heart of dickens message. In a christmas carol scrooge dismisses the poor. Let them die and decrease the surplus population. He surprised to see all the love and happiness experienced by bob cratchit and his family. Animaker salary. Dickens first serious novel oliver twist. Opens with oliver being born in the workhouse to a young woman who probably dies. Dickon says. Wrapped in the blanket which had hitherto form his only covering. He might have been the child of a nobleman or a beggar. But now that he was enveloped in the old clothing of the workhouse. He was bad and ticketed. And fell into his place at once. In spite of his uncaring upbringing and later falling in with a gang of child thieves oliver remains good smart and kind-hearted. It turns out that his dead mother was from an upper-class family. So in this early time of his life dickens reflects the romantic notion that blood will tell. In spite of surrounding. What else has matured install more of the world. He became much fiercer in his defense of the small and weak. And it's like house we have joe do we have that tara. The crossing sweeper. No i didn't quite understood that until i saw the bbc series of this crossing sweeper i thought of someone who's sleeping duck. But that was not it this were the london streets when they were horses everywhere. There was mud and all kinds of filth. And the idea was that this. Child would go in front of the ladies and gentlemen pushing. With a broom for my curling pushing this worst of it out of the way so that they would not get so much filth on there she would or the ladies dresses and then maybe they would get a penny or some small coin for doing that. And so he's a child who seems to have no family and no home. And while he is never cruel he has no opportunity to become kind or smart in the way oliver twist did. His understanding of the world is limited and just trust god and here he is with a figure who i believe is a minister. It shows that was something that. Dickens often pointed out. And he has learned how society shaped people it wouldn't matter who jealous parents were growing up as she did. This is how he would become and when he dies a feeling this would do to his unhealthy living conditions. Dickens write. Dead my lords and gentlemen. Dead men and women born with heavenly compassion in your hearts and dying dust around us everyday. Whiskey kind of a contrast to someone like little nail who had a poetic and beautiful death. The second principle justice equal equity and compassionate human relations will overlap i always think with the first principle we saw jenkins invoke compassion in the death of joe. What difference does a to let us get to know someone we wouldn't ordinarily know. So we can feel empathy and compassion. So he we have some pictures here in the abuse mike in nicholas nickleby. And then there's a little female servant ironically named the marchioness in the old curiosity shop. She's calls her the very small survey we never do find out her name. And then the character. One of the gentlemen. Ironically calls her the marchioness. And barnaby rudge was definitely as i can mentally handicapped figure. As far as justice is concerned. In a second principle. Dickens having worked in the law courts clearly saw the difference between law & justice. In the pickwick papers a trial for breach of contract becomes a farce. In bleak house there's a case so complex about inheritance. But it drags on for generations and ends up spending all the inheritance that was originally a dispute. And a little dorrit the injustice of debtors prison is fully expressed. Dickens said the one great principle of the english law is to make business for itself. The third principle is acceptance of one another and encouragement to spiritual growth in our congregation. In this category i'll say a little bit about dickens view of religion. Miami accepted the church as a civic institution. But as the other institutions he mocked his hypocrisy. Several books feature ministers who time is spent aggrandizing themselves or living off others. For instance the minister manages to show up just in time for a meal or a drink. In bleak house there's a woman who devotes her life writing letters and soliciting contributions for projects. Port african tribe while their own children are neglected. And at this point i mentioned a controversy about chickens and religion whether his depiction of the season megan and oliver twist his anti-semitic. He was surprised to be accused of this by jewish acquaintances. And apparently he tone down some of the references in later editions. And then he made a point of adding a good juice we should have a picture of fagin there and then the next one is. Raya who is the good jew who appears in our mutual friend. But it's still a gentleman question about anti-semitism at the time. The fourth principle. A free and responsible search for truth and meaning and here. We would talk about education dickensvale union station. He loves to read as a boy and his favorite authors fielding and smollett who were. Humorous writers influence his burly work. One of the worst parts of his time in the blacking factory was he had to leave school. He depicts many examples of bad schooling we should have here. Do the boys fall which i didn't realize how to pronounce that when i first read that book i thought it was supposed to do with the boys in the sense of jip the boys or cheat the boys. Do the boys call in nicholas nickleby. This establishment where boys are imprisoned underfed and mistreated was based on real school that collected money to keep unwanted children out of the way. The mistress quitters who runs most of the parents help the children don't even come home for vacations. There is a range of establishments for the karen teaching of children depicted in various works. Paul dombey and debbie and son is a sickly child who boards with a woman. And she's based on one who hosted charles dickens during his working time. David copperfield attend a couple of schools of varying quality. And then we should have pick up in great expectations. He goes to a dame school where an old lady generally nods off and the learning he gets his from a girl about his own age and then he tries to teach. His. Brother-in-law the blacksmith how to. Read and write. And it's significant that in his project to rehabilitate prostitutes unlike other reformers dickens didn't just train the girls to be mazor laundress has he insisted they be taught reading and writing. The fifth principle is the right of conscience and the use of the democratic process. Well it took a little bit of intestacy about politics and government. What are the episodes of the pickwick papers. Find. The traveling group in the town of eating swell. Where in the election is being held between the bucs and the blues. The situation may sound very familiar everything is made of party question. If a bus proposed to skylight the marketplace the blues got up at public meetings and denounce the proceeding. If the blue is proposed the erection of an additional pump in the highest tree the bucs rose as one man and stood aghast at this enormity. The division carries over into their media which of the time are opposing newspapers. In bleak house dickens reduces the cabinet to the ridiculous. The present government to be overthrown. The limited choice of the crown would lie between lord noodle and doodle. Supposing it to be impossible for the duke of food. What are you to do with noodle. Six principal the goal of world community with peace liberty and justice for all. In the story called the battle of life given starts. Once upon a time. It matters little when. Uninstall word england. It matters little where. A fierce battle was fought. It was fought upon a long summer day when the waving grass was green. Daniel wildflower formed by the almighty hand to be a perfume goblet for the do. Don't get enameled cup still high with blood that day and shrinking dropped. He goes on to describe however many years nature renew is the field with a fertilizer of the men and horses very there until it becomes a peaceful orchard. And no one thinks of the thousands who died. 2a dickens books describe the issue and mob violence in tale of two cities. Dickens shows the eldridge of the class system with an aristocrat who doesn't even falter when his carriage knocks down a poor person. But he also depicts the insatiable fury of the mob. In barnaby rudge also is based on historical uprising. In that book different shows how many participants were led onto riot by malicious or self-aggrandizing showman nothing like that would happen today right the seventh principle. I think this shows up in dickens as admiration of nature. Although jenkins love london he also loved the english countryside. And was delighted to move to the house at gad's hill. And several of his books he just opposes the moral and physical harm of the city with the wholesomeness of rural life. And there was some truth to this and that those pea-soup fog we're not picturesque but toxic. Probably similar to what we see in china today. A disease in the city spread like wildfire. In a twist the family can rescue him from steve's take some to their country house where he recovered in the better air. A bleak house the heroine try to take that crossing sleeper joe to nurse him. She takes him out of the city but he feels out of place and he's concerned himself to others so he runs away back to london the only home he knows. I know we should have a picture of the old curiosity shop a little nell and her grandfather. Having lost their whole what is a wander through england. Live 1.8 come to an industrial city. It's cold windy and rainy with people hurrying by and no one even seemed a little girl in the old man she thought. Why are they ever come to this noisy town when they were peaceful country places. They were but an atom here in a mountain heap of misery. If we were in the country now we should find some good old tree stretching out his green arm does if he loved us. And nodding and ruffling as if you would have us fall asleep thinking of him while he watched. The sympathy of nature also appears in the many times that dickens pairs are dark and stormy night with sinister doing it happens with the death of steerforth it's c. In david copperfield and the revelation of pepsi benefactor in great expectations who receives a mysterious visitor at night in a storm. Now that's officially called the pathetic fallacy the idea that. Nature respond to our feelings and it's a hallmark of romantic writing but i think that in a way it's a form of recognising the interdependent web. And maybe at this point i'll throw in something that also have to do a dickens writing the only read it today we're just struck by the number of coincidences everyone from down to be related to each other. Turn up at the oddest times but this was not a floor this was part of the design. The way that the book was intended to be written was to start with disparate characters and events and bring them together more like a modern mystery story. So this was a very brief introduction. The dickinson is writing. And if you are planning to read or we read you can keep these principles in mind. So i just like to to ask them how many people here. Have read. At least one book by charles dickens. Probably channel two cities or benefit how many of red how many hybrids tree or more books by charles dickens. Quite a few. And even if you haven't you haven't may have seen the the number of. Movies and tv shows i forgot to mention on the david copperfield a picture there with bob hoskins as mr. micawber into they might know who played david copperfield and the daniel radcliffe. On that shelf. Those are the best for someone who has never read dickens would be to read one of the one of those great expectations and. David copperfield are both first-person books and therefore a bit simpler our mutual friend is very good and not as well-known that's tickets at the height of his powers where he has all these elements of. Humor and gothic horror and suspense. Mingle together very well. When i get home and i wouldn't recommend barnaby rudge particularly ah4r formulaic overall. And as far as biographies there are some very long by verse of dickens but there's a fairly recent one by a woman named claire tomalin. That is very readable and. That she also wrote. She also wrote a book specifically about the relationship between ellie and charles which was made into a movie not long ago that came and went very quickly. Some of the preoccupations that unitarians had at the time with. Poverty. Alcoholism. Healthcare a lot of issues that we started homelessness and so on. He also in the papers papers which is very humorous. Mister pickwick. Through a humorous scene the landlady thinks that my certificate suppose marriage to her and when that isn't the case he sues him and because he doesn't want to pay he says no i'm going to prison and that it has his debtors prison scene which is rather dark in the middle of the pickwick papers. Thank you very much. And. The closest word for visor something that rosemary mentioned that. Decades could be very grim the adjectives dickensian usually refers to something like the blacking factory and then. Dark alleys of london but dickens always had humor in his books and he always gave a happy ending too many dutches characters. And he said there are dark shadows on the earth. But it's lights are stronger in the contrast. So please join us we will be having a soup sunday if it's your first time you are our guest and. Greet your neighbors.