Historic, Archive Document
Do not assume content reflects current
scientific knowledge, policies, or practices.
PREPARED IN THE LIBRARY OF THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULT
WITH THE COOPERATION OF THE BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMIC
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE, BUREAU OF PLANT INDUSTRY,
AND BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTJNE
COMPILED BY EMILY L. DAY, LIBRARY SPECIALIST IN COTTON MARKETING,
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE, WASHJNGTON, D.C.
~*-7 ~^****n*m*mi»mra*M^w^*mmHi*.<t t u , twin WTIlWWM WM»^.4J.M »»<>B8w«»M«
Genetics and Plant Breeding 219
Farm Engineering 226
Farm Management 226
Production Credit i 227
Farm Social Problems 227
Cooperation in Production (One-Variety Communities) 229
KL Baling 230
Demand and Competition . ; 230
Supply and Movement 234
Marketing and Handling Methods and Practices 23£
Marketing Services and Facilities 241
Marketing Costs 243
Cooperation in Marketing 243
Fiber, Yarn and Fabric Quality 243
Technology of Manufacture ••••• 246
Technology of Consumption 248
Cottonseed and Cottonseed Products 250
Legislation.. Regulation, and Adjudication 253
COTTON LITERATURE is compiled mainly from
material received in the Library of the U.S. Depart-
ment of Agriculture.
Copies of the publications listed herein can
not be supplied by the Department except in the case
of publications expressly designated as issued by the
U. S. Department of Agriculture. Books, pamphlets,
and periodicals mentioned may ordinarily be obtained
from their respective publishers or from the Secretary
of the issuing organization. Many of them are avail-
able for consultation in public or other libraries.
"Abbreviations Used in the Department of Agri-
culture for Titles of Publications" (Miscellaneous Pub-
lication No. 337) is the authority for abbreviations
used in COTTON LITERATURE .
*I0 4 6
1393. Lysogorov, S. D. Growth and development of cotton fruit. Lenin
Acad. Agr. Sci. U. S. S. R. Proc. no. 21, 'pp. 3-5. 1940.
(Published in Moskva, U. S. S. R.) 20 Akl '
1394. Phillis, S., and Mason, T. G. On the expression of sap by low
pressure. Ann. 3ot. (n. s.) 5(17): 15-23. Jan. 1941. (Pub-
lished by Humphrey Milford, Oxford University Press, Amen
House, Warwick Square, London, E. C. 4, England) 450 An7
Literature cited, p. 23.
The discussion relates to the leaves of the cotton plant.
1395. Strogonov, 3. P., and Ostapenko, Lydia. Leaf albumins as an
index for salt resistance of cotton plants. Academie des
Sciences de I'URSS, Comptes Rendus (n. s.) 30(l): 66-68.
1941. (Published in Moskva, U. S. S. R.) 511 P444
References, p. 68.
See also Items nos. 1419, 1639.
Genetics and Plant Breeding
1396. Varner, T. ¥. Cotton improver. Capper's Earner 52(4): 14.
Apr. 1941. (Published at Topeka, Kans. ) 6 11593
Experiments of J. M. Cox of Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma
in improving the variety California Acala 8, by selection,
1397. Anthony, J. L. , and Pitnex, John. The influence on cotton pro-
duction of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium and their com-
bination. Miss. Agr. Ixpt. Sta. 3ul. 357, 15pp. State College,
1941. 100 ^69
Results of 5 years of experimental work show "that cotton
growing on sandy soils responds profitably to the -application
of all three of the plant foods: nitrogen, phosphorus, and
potassium; whereas, on the silt and clay soils the results
present some question as to whether or net the application of
both phosphorus and potassium in combination with nitrogen is
prof i table . "
1398. Bryan, A. 3. Lcspedoza increases cotton yields. Prog. Parmer
(Car.-Ya. ed.) 56(3): 33. Mar. 1941. (Published at Pro-
fessional 31dg., Raleigh, IT. C.) 6 P945
Results of tests at the South Carolina Agricultural Experi-
meat Station show "that cotton following lespedeza yielded
939 pounds per acre as compared with only 538 pounds where
cotton followed cotton, an increase of S3 per cent."
1399 i Cooper, H. P. Suggests farmers use high grade fertilizers.
South Carolina experiment station says lev; grade fertilizers
arc not economical "but expensive to growers. So. Carolina.
Commr. Agr., Com. and Indus. So. Carolina -Market 3ul. Apr. 24,
1941. p. 1. (Published at Anderson, S. C.) 280,39 So8
To "be continued.
Cotton fertilizer recommendations for South Carolina are
1400. Talc, Tom. Conservation farming for the sandy lands of the
southern Great Plains, 25pp. Washington, U. S. Dept. of
agriculture, Soil Conservation service, 1941, 1.6 So3C
Cropping recommendations for sections v/here cotton is the
principal crop are included.
1401. Development of Gaorahi cotton No, 6 in Hyderabad. Textile Weekly
27(633): 439. Apr. 4, 1941. (Published at 33, Blackfriars
St.,. Manchester, 3, England) 304.8 T3127
"During last season G-aorani Ho, 6 was giving -on .an average
about 10fo greater yield than the ordinary variety, .and was
fetching a premium of from 10 to 17$ in price. "
1402. Dunlavy, Henry B. , Parrot t, I . M. , and Self, Perd W. Cotton
variety tests conducted at Lawton, Oklahoma, in 1940. Okla.
Agr. Sxpt . Sta. Sxpt . Sta. Cir. C-93, 22pp., processed. Still-
water, 1941. 100 0k4
"Assistance in the preparation of these materials was
furnished by the personnel of Works Projects Administration
Official Project Ko, 65-1-65-411."
'Results of tests "to find the varieties of cotton best
adapted to southwestern Oklahoma, " are given.
1403, Spocas do sicmbra y do cos echo, en las zonas algodcnoras del
Peru. Algcdon 1(6): 168. Mar. 1941. (Published by Camara
Algodonera del Peru, Apart ado ITo. 1605, Lima, Peru)
Planting .and harvesting dates in the cotton zones cf Peru.
1404. flood, Francis. Cotton income: $132.72 per acre. Farmer-
Stockman 54(8): 214. Apr. 15, 1941. (Published at 500 llorth
Broadway, Oklahoma City, Okla.) 5 0k45
Glenn Dill, Okfuskee County, Oklahoma farmer attributes his
high yields during the 1940 season to good seed, good forming,
good soil and a perfect growing season.
1405. High yicldcrs greet new king. Ariz. Parmer Prod. 20(7): 11, Mar.
29, 1941. (Published at 313 llorth Third Ave., Phoenix, Ariz.)
Sricf report of the .annual . dinner meeting of the Pima High
Yield Club, March 17, 1941. Includes report on a discussion
of deterioration of Arizona long-staple cotton "by Harold
1406. Kreibohm de la Vega, G-. A. Distribucion de semilla de algodon
de variedades mejoradas. Tucuman. Estacion Experimental
Agricola. Revista Industrial y Agricola 30(7-9): 172-175.
July-Sept. 1940. (Published in Tucuman, Argentina) . 9 T79
Distribution of cottonseed of improved varieties.
1407. Miege, E. Resultats des essais poursuivis en 1939 sur la, cul-
ture du cotonnier au Maroc. La Terre Marocaine 10(122): 6-22.'
Jan. 1940. (Published at Rue G-eorges Mercie, Casablanca,
Morocco) 24 E44
Results of tests conducted in 1939 on the cultivation of
cotton in Morocco.
1408. Miles, L. E. Chemical dust disinfectants increase stands, yields,
and money returns from cotton, in tests conducted 12 years.
Miss. Farm Res. 4(5): 2. May 1941. (Published by Mississippi
Agricultural Experiment Station, State College, Miss.)
A table, showing increase in pounds of seed cotton and in
value per acre in Mississippi as a result of seed treatment,
for the years 1929, 1933, and 1935-1940, is included.
1409. National joint committee on fertilizer application. Proceedings
of the sixteenth annual meeting. .. including reports of cooper-
ators held at Chicago, Illinois, December 2, 1940. 156pp.
[Washington, National fertilizer association, 1941 3
57.9 E316 16th, 1940
Partial contents: A study of combination fertilizer-cotton
planters, 1940, by W, H. Redit, G-. 3. Killinger, C. S. Patrick,
W. H. McAdams, and G. B. Eutt, pp. 58-61; Eertilizer placement
studies on cotton in Texas — 1940, by H. P. Smith, pp. 107-109.
1410. 1940 cotton variety tests in Arkansas. itPivo leading varieties
named at each station and sub-station plot — more details are
available. Mid-So. Cotton Hews 1(8): 1. May 1941. (Published
by Mid-South Cotton Growers Association, 822 Palls Bldg. ,
Memphis, ■Perm.) 72.8 C8295
Results of tests conducted in 1940 by the College of Agri-
culture of the University of Arkansas, are given.
1411. Reichart, Ilorberto. Produccion y distribucion de semilla de
algodon parr, siembra on el estado de California. Argentine
Republic. Junta iTacional del Algodon. Boletln Hensual no. 70,
pp. 99-106. -Teh. 1941. (Published in Buenos Aires, Argentina)
Production and distribution of cottonseed for planting in
the sto,te of California.
1412. Romaine, J. D. A new fertilizer development , nitrogen-potash
topdressers. Potash Jour. 5( 2\: -3-9, 20. Mar. -Apr. 1941.
(Published by American Potash Institute, Inc., 1155 Sixteenth
St., IT. \J. , Washington* D. C.) 57.8 P842
The effect on cotton yield is given.
1413. Smalley, H. E. , and Engle, Robert H. Putting plantfood to work.
Natl. Pert. Assn. Pan. 131. 14op. Washington, c 1941 3
Methods of applying fertilizer to cotton and other crops
are discussed and illustrated.
1414. Smith, H. P. Placement of fertilizers for cotton. Amer. Pert.
• 94(9): 14. Apr. 26, 1941. (Published at 1330 Yine St.,
Philadelphia, Pa.) 57.8 Am3
1415. c South Carolina cottonseed crushers 1 association^ Crushers
urging higher yields as aid to industry". Cotton 'Trade Jour.
21(18): 2. May 3, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange 31dg. ,
lew Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
The text of a letter "to the cotton farmers of South Caro-
lina, " is given.
1416. Suggestions for planting c cotto:i 3 . Quality and quantity depend
largely on manner of planting. Okla. Cotton Grower 21(2): 3.
Hay 9, 1941. (Published at 12 West Sixth St., Oklahoma City,
Okla.) 72.8 0k4
1417. Uhland, R. E. Better harvest's through conservation farming.
10pp. Washington, U. S. Dept. of agriculture, Soil conserva-
tion service, 1941. 1.6 So3!B
"This booklet presents seme of the results that have been
obtained in recent years through contour cultivation and
terracing in the Southwest and the southern Great Plains. It
covers studies made by the Soil Conservation Service in cooper
at ion with. state agriculture experiment stations of Texas, Hew
Mexico, Oklahoma and Kansas. Data are presented on cotton-
fields in the Texas Panhandle, on bean lands in a mountain
valley of Hew Ilexico, on wheat fields in seven areas of the
Southern great plains, and on grain-sorghum lands in the High
Plains section- of Texas."
1418. !7hitaker, A. T .'J. Inventor likes April article on planting needs.
Cultivation operation least understood by farmers says A. T :/.
T .7hi taker. Gives views to show deep cultivation is dangerous
to growing plants. Mid-South Cotton ITcws 1(8): 7. Hay 1941.
(Published by Mid-South Cotton Growers Association, 822 Palls
Dldg . , 1 iemphi s , Tenn . ) 72 . 8 C829 5
Methods of cultivating cotton and corn are discussed, and
a cultivator invented by the author is described.
See also Items nos. 1395, 1443, 1445, 1446, 1499, 1505, 1615,
1419. Blank, Lester K. Response of phymato trichum oninivorum to certain
trace elements. U. S. Dept. Agr. Jour. Agr. Res. 52(3): 129-
159. Feb. 1, 1941. (Published in Washington, D. C.) 1 Ag84J
Literature cited, p. 159.
"The cotton root rot disease, caused by Phymat o t r i chum
omnivorum -(Shear) Dug.gar, is one of the most serious plant-
diseases occurring in the southwestern part of the United
States. Investigations by numerous workers over the last
half century suggest that this disease-producing fungus is not
amenable to -the methods of control commonly .and successfully
applied to other plant pathogens. . . The studies here reported
constitute one phase of a general investigation of the nutri-
- tional requirements of P. omnivorum and deal primarily with the
response of the organism to a number of the trace elements,
including copper, iron, manganese, zinc, aluminum, boron,
cadmium, cobalt, fluorine, mercury, iodine, lithium, molybdenum,
nickel, and silicon. While the possibility that certain of
these elements may be highly toxic to the root rot organism is
a matter of practical interest, it is equally important to know
the contribution of each of the elements to an optimum nutrient-
1420. Goldsmith, G. W. , and Moore, Elizabeth Jane. Field tests of the
resistance of cotton to Phymatotrichum omnivorum. Phytopathology
31(5): 452-453. May 1941. (Published at cor. Forth Queen and
McGovern Ave., Lancaster, Pa.) 464.8 P56
Literature cited, p. 463.
1421. Ra&a, German Garcia. Principales enfermedades del algodonero en
el Peru.- Lima, Sstacion Experimental Agricola de la Molina.
Cir. 56 ~ 14pp. Lima, Peru, 1940. 102.5 L622 no. 56
Second corrected edition of circuLar no. 28.
Principal diseases of cotton in Peru.
See also Item no. 1639.
1422. Begins early and keeps going. Farm and Ranch 60(5): 17. May
194-1. (Published at 3306 Main St., Dallas, Tex.) 6 T31
Cotton flea hopper control methods of David de Graffcnrcid,
a cotton farmer of Chilton, Texas, are described.
1423. .SonCy, Floyd P., and Rainwater, C. F. Dusting for bell weevil
end cotton aphid control. U. S. Dept. Agr. 3ur. Ent. end Plant
Quar. E-538, 5pp., processed. [-Washington, D. C. : 1941. 1.9 En83
A mixture of calcium arsenate and derris is recommended.
1424. Cotton breeders fight pests profitably. Farm and Ranch 60(5): 29.
June 1941. (Published at 3306 Main St., Dallas, Tex.) 5 T31
Early, late and regularly gets results, farm and Ranch, 60(4): 15,
Apr. 1941* (Published at 3306 Main St., Dallas, Tex.) S T31
Dusting should "begin early and continue until all danger of
insect damage is past, or until the majority of the "bolls are
' fully developed.
Eddy, C. 0. Louisiana "bug news. Farm and Ranch 60(6): 42* June
1941. (Published at 3306 Main St., Dallas, Tex.) 6 T31
Swing, K. P. Control of cotton insects. Parm and Ranch 50(5):
6, 26. May 1941. (Published at 3306 Main St., Dallas, Tex.)
Includes control recommendations .
Also in Cotton and Cotton Oil Press 42(10): 9-10, 19-21.
Hay 10, 1941.
1428. Swing, K. P. How to find 'em and What to do. Parm raid Ranch
60(6): 5. June 1941. (Published at 3305 Main St., Dallas,
Tex.) 6 T31
1429. Isely, D. Control of the common red spider c Tetranychus telarius
(I) 2 on cotton. Jour. Scon. Int. 34(2): 323-324. Apr. 1941.
(Published at Amherst, Mass.) 421 J822
1430. Kreibohm de la Vega, C. A. Contrihucion al concimiento de
algunos enemigos natural es de la oruga de la hoja del algo-
donero ( Alabama agrillacea Huhn.) Lucha "biolcgica. Ghicunan.
Estaeion Experimental Agricola. Rovista Industrial y Agricola
30(7-9): 163-171. July-Sept. 1940. (Published in Tucuman,
Argentina) 9 T79
Bibliography, p. 171.
Contribution to the "knowledge of some natural enemies of the
cotton leaf worm ( Alabama argillaeoa Hubn.). Biological
1431. Lyle, Clay. Zinc-safened calcium arsenate controls aphids,
weevils in preliminary test. Miss. Parm Res. 4(5): 1-2. May
1941. (Published by Mississippi Agricultural Experiment Sta-
tion, State College, Miss.)
Recent development s in cotton insect control are discussed.
1432. Rainwater, C. P., and Bendy, P. P. Combinations of insecticides
for control of boll weevil and cotton leaf aphid. Jour. Scon.
Ent. 34(2): 297-300. Apr. 1941. (Published at Amherst, Mass.)
Literature cited, p. 300.
Rowcll, J. 0. Boll weevil control. II. C. Agr. Col. Ext
45, 6pp. Raleigh, 1940. 275.29 I!811Sx
Recommendations and methods arc included.
1434. Siddall, Cameron. New developments in cotton insect control.
Prog. Farmer (Tex. ed.) 55(5): 21. June, 1941. (Published at
1105 Southland Life Annex, Dallas, Tex.) 6 T311
1435. Snith, G-. L. , Scales, A. L. , 'and C-aines, H, C. Further studies
of various insecticides against three cotton insects. Jour.
Scon. Ent. 34(2): 310-313. Apr. 1941. (Published at Amherst,
Mass.) 421 J822 .
Literature cited, p. 313.
1436. ' Stop this lossl Farm. and Ranch 50(5): 34-35. May 1941. (Pub-
lished at 3306 Main St., Dallas, /Tex.) 5 T31
Cotton insect control is urged.
1437. c Thomas, P. L. : Boll weevils now "becoming active in Texas.
Pound in many fields of Central Texas and lower Rio Grande
Valley. Cotton Trade Jour. 21(20): 7. May 17, 1941. (Published
at Cotton Exchange Bldg. , New Orleans, La.) 72.8 C-8214
Also noted in Cotton Digest 13(33): 10. May 17, 1941.
1438. Thomas, P. L. Cotton insect' situation. Prog. Parmer (Tex. ed.)
55(6): 43. June 1941. (Published at 1105 Southland Life Annex,
Dallas, Tex.) 6 T311
Situation in Texas is discussed.
1439. Thomas, P. L. Insect yoar seen for Texas cotton, weevils numer-
ous. Early and general infestation of boll wwevils, expected,
says Thomas. Cotton Trade Jour. 21(19): 3, 7. May 10, 1941.
(Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg. , New Orleans, La.)
"Boll weevils continued to be the most important feature in
the cotton insect outlook. In April more weevils were observed
in cotton fields at considerable distances from hibernation
shelter than during any similar period in the past ten years.
This means that an early and general infestation may be expected.
Emergence of weevils during the past week has increased from
three to four per cent."
Also noted in Cotton Digest 13(32): 6. May 10, 1941; Acco
Press 19(5): 7. May 1941.
1440. c Thomas, P. L. 3 Say boll weevils and flea hoppers numerous in
Texas. Leaf worms found south of Matamoras, none reported in
Lone star state as yet. Cotton Trade Jour. 2l(22): 7. May
31, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg., New Orleans,
La.) 72.8 C8214
Discussion of the current cotton insect situation in Texas.
1441. C U. S. Dept. of agriculture. Bureau of entomology and plant quar-
antine;] Boll weevils more numerous and active this year than
usual. Farmers 'advised to prepare for controlling the pests if
necessary. Cotton Trade Jour. 21(22): 4, 8. May 31, 1941.
(Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg. , New Orleans, La.) 72.3 C8214
See also Item no. 1639.
1442. Cotton-cleaner. One of the brothers who invented mechanical
. . picker now offers device to improve product thus harvested.
Business Week no. 591, p.. 38."' Dec* 28, 1940. (Published at
330 West 42d St** 'Hew York,' ft. Y.) 280.8 Sy8
"The invention grew out of the need to raise the grade of
cotton picked "by the mechanical picker, "by removing trash,
John Rust said. By its use, according to Bust,. cotton will
come out 'middling' or better. 1 n
1443. Jackson, A. D. Stripper is step toward easier pickings. Farmer-
Stockman 54(8): 228. Apr. 15, 1941. (Published at 500 Forth
Broadway, Oklahoma, City, Okla.) 6 0k45
Hepcrts of tests of a cotton stripper,, developed by E. P.
Smith of the Division of Agricultural Engineering of the Texas
Agricultural Experiment Station, are given. The ideal plant
for machine stripping is described.
1444. Llosa, Julio A. • Sc ha ideado un aparato cortadorarrancador de
rastrojo. (Sub-soil cotton stalk cutter). Argentine Repub-
lic. Junta Nacional del Algodon. Bole tin Mensual no. 70, .
pp. 125-127. Ecb. 1941. (Published in Buenos Aires, Argentina)
The implement is described.
Sec also Items nos. 1409, 1418, 1445.
1445. Lozano Villegas, A. El cultivo raecaniza&o de las oleaginosas
en Venezuela. El Agricultor Venezclano 5(55-56): 33-38. ITov.-
Dec. 1940. (Published in Caracas, Venezuela)
The mechanized cultivation of - oilseed crops in Venezuela.
Cost of production per hectare (including use of machinery) is
given for cotton, soybeans, peanuts and other crops.
1446. Peterson, M. J. An economic study of agriculture in the Little
Beaver dam Creek area of Anderson county, South Carolina. S. C.
Agr. Expt. Sta. Bui. 332, 54pp. Clcnson, 1941. 100 So8B
"The strongest features of the farms in the Little 3 caver clam
Creek area were the yield of cotton per acre; the wise use of
production and long-term credit; the efficient use of fertilizer;
and the organization of the farm business for the production of
cotton on an efficient basis. Relatively low expenses per farm,
exclusive of labor costs, were also a factor in the successful
operation of the farms studied."
1447. Puerto Rice- Univorsidad. Sstacion experimental agricola. El
cultivo del algodon en la costa noroeste en 1939 fuc lucrative
El Agricultor Puertorriqueno 21(2): 8. Fob. 1941. (Published
in San Juan, P. P.) 8 Ag833
Cultivation of cotton on the north west coast in 1939 was
A summary of •Mimeographed Report No. 16 of the Puerto Rico
Agricultural Experiment Station, "by Liiis M. Geigel, giving
costs and returns in producing sea island cotton on the north-
west coast of Puerto Rico during 1939. It is pointed out that
the chief factors affecting returns and cost of production
were soil productivity, application of commercial fertilizers
and efficiency in the use of labor, and the factors 'which
directly affected costs and returns on cotton were the return
per cuerda and the qualit3^ of fiber obtained.
Also noted in Revista de Agricultura, Industrie, y Comercio
de Puerto Rico 33(1) I 96. Jan. -Mar. 1941.
1448. U. S. Dept. of agriculture. Bureau of agricultural economics.
Cash farm income and government payments in 1940 are estimated
at 9,120 million dollars. 22pp., processed. Washington, D. C,
1941. 1.9 Ec752Car
Tables, which show cash income from cotton and cottonseed,
calendar years 1938-1940, are given on pp. 6, 14.
See also Items nos. 1404, 1453, 1637.
1449. Financiamento a producao. Cafe — Algodao. Revistas Reunidas
11(62): 22. Feb. 1941. (Published at Rua de S. Bento, 389,
S. Paulo, Brazil) 72.8 R322
Financing the production of coffee and cotton c in Brazil-].
1450. Financiamento das lavouras de cafe c algodao. Agricultura e
Pecuaria 9(216) : 19. Mar. 1941. (Published at Rua da Quitanda,
188, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) 9.2 Ag39
Financing the production of coffee and cotton c 'in Brazil 3.
See also Items nos. 1446, 1505.
Farm Social Problems
1451. • Elrod, J. C. Types of tenancy areas in Georgia. 43pp., processed.
Washington, U. S. Dept. of agriculture, Bureau of agricultural
economics , 1941.
Issued in cooperation with "Georgia Experiment Station of
the University System of Georgia. "
"This publication is concerned with the location and descrip-
tion of types of tenancy areas in the state... Tenant farming
in Georgia is predominantly associated with cotton production.
Of the 172,393 cotton farms reported in 1930, 131,017, or 76
percent, were operated by tenants, while only 35,529, or 20.6
percent, were operated by full owners." - Summary, pp. 58-39.
1452. Grrigshy, S. Earl, and Hoffsommer, Earold. Cotton plantation
laborers; a socio-economic study of laborers on cotton planta-
tions in Concordia .Parish, Louisiana* La. Agr. Expt. Sta. Bui.
328, 40pp. c Baton "Rouge- 1941. 100 L93
"Increasing mechanization in cotton faming, combined with
reduction in cotton acreages, is giving rise to much specula-
tion concerning the future position of farm tenants, share
croppers, and ia/oorers under these new conditions. The present
study. .. analyzes the laborer's present economic and social
condition with the view that such information may "be of value
in meeting what appears to he an impending critical situation. "
1453. Hopkins, John A. Changing technology and employment in agriculture.
189pp. Washington, U. S. Dept. of agriculture, Bureau cf agri-
cultural economics, 1941.
"Work Projects Administration, ITatioiiaJ. Research Project on
. Reemployment Opportunities end Recent Changes in Industrial
Partial contents: Labor requirements in cotton production,
pp. 127-128; .Trends of labor requirements in cotton production,
pp. 128-130; Prospects for employment in cotton production,
1454. ' Paper, Arthur Franklin, and Reid, Ira Do A. Sharecroppers all.
281pp. Chapel Hill, The University of ITorth Carolina, press,
1941. 280.002 R18 .
.The authors describe current conditions in the Sor.th, with
emphasis on trends. They have expanded the term "sharecropper "
to include many non-farm workers "simply because most Southern
communities are essentially f eudalistic. " Chapters discussing
cotton tenancy, the plantation system, poor land and peasantry
1455. U. S. Dept. of agriculture. Bureau of agricultural economics. Parm
tenancy. U. S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Agr. Econ. County Planning Ser.
9, 3pp. Washington, 1941.
Prepared in cooperation with the Extension Service.
"This leaflet, the first in the County Planning Series to
deal with farm tenancy, discusses the historical background of
farm tenancy and the pla.ee of tenancy in American agriculture. "
1456. U. S. Dept. of agriculture. Bureau of agricultural economics.
Problems of farm tenancy. U. S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Agr. Econ.
County Planning Ser. 10, 8pp. Washington, 1941.
Prepared in cooperation with the Extension Service.
"This leaflet, the second in the County Planning Series to
discuss farm tenancy conditions, offers a. brief analysis of
the problems of farm tenancy and their causes."
Cooperation in Production ( One-Variety Communities )
1457. Llosa, Julio A. Las asociaciones cultivadoras de una sola
variedad en los estados unidos. Propositos y ventajas* Argen-
tine Republic. Junta Hacional del Algodon. Boletin Mensual
no. 70, pp. 87-98. Teb. 1941. (Published in Buenos Aires,
Argentina) 72.9 Ar3
Associations cultivating a single variety in the United'
States. Scheme and advantages.
Sec also I ten no. 1511.
1458. c Arkansas-Missouri cotton ginners association^ Defense, not
south, now first problem, ginners are told. Arkansas -Missouri
group hears distinguished addresses at Hot Springs. Cotton
Trade Jour. 21(22): 6. May 31, 1941. (Published at Cotton
Exchange Bldg. , Hew Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
Brief report of 24th annual convention held at Hot Springs,
May 26, 1941.
1459. Bennett, Charles A. Better ginning by repairing cotton gins.
Cotton and Cotton Oil Press 42(9): 5, 20. Apr. 26, 1941.
(Published at 3115-18 Commerce St., Dallas, Tex.) 504.8 C822
"Quality of the ginned product, capacity and performance of
the ginning outfit, and lowest possible cost of operation under
given conditions arc among the .benefits resulting from the prompt
and adequate repairing and' conditioning of the ginning equip-
ment . D
1460. Gerdes, Prancis L. , and Bennett, Charles A. Cotton ginning in
Arkansas .and Missouri, and efforts to promote its improvement.
5pp., processed. Washington, U. S. Dept. of agriculture, Agri-
cultural marketing service, 1941.
Issued in cooperation with the Bureau of Agricultural
Chemistry and Engineering.
"Paper presented by the senior author before a meeting of
the Arkansas-Missouri Cotton Ginners 1 Association at Hot Springs,
Ark., May 26, 1941."
1461. Louisiana cotton ginners hold successful meeting May 22. Cotton
and Cotton Oil Press 42(li): 10. May 24, 1941. (Published at
3116-18 Commerce St., Dallas, Tex.) 304.8 C822
Brief report of the annual meeting of the Louisiana Cotton
Ginners' Association, Alexandria, May 22, 1941.
1462. ^Mississippi cotton ginners association;] Miss, ginners attend
eleventh annual meeting. Visit of gin laboratory is highlight
of the convention. Cotton !Tra&e Jour. 21(20): 7. May 17,
1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg., Few Orleans, La.)
72.8 C8214 ' ' - -
Brief report of 11th annual meeting, held at Stoneville,
Mississippi, May 14, 1941.
Also reported in Cotton and Cotton Oil Press 42(ll): 17.
. May 24, 1941.
1463. c Tennessee cotton ginners association;] Tennessee ginners reelect
officers at annual meeting. Cotton Trade Jour. 2l(22): 5.
May 31, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange 31dg. , Few Orleans,
la.) 72.8 C8214
Brief report of 12th annual meeting held at Lake La Joie,
Chickasaw State Park, May 29, 1941.
1464. ^ Texas cotton ginners 1 association Convention adopts resolu-
tions. Cotton G-inners 1 Jour. 12(8): 6, 20. May 1941. (Pub-
lished "by Texas Cotton Ginners' Association, Inc., 109 Forth
Second Ave., Dallas, Tex.) 304.8 C824
Re solutions adopted at the annual meeting, San Antonio,
April 3-5, 1941.
See also Items nos. 1442, 1549, 1639.
1465. c Delta council. Executive commit tee^ Executive committee adopts
tag identification program. Minutes of executive committee.
Hotel Greenville, Greenville, Mississippi, April 4, 1941. Delta
Council Hews 2(8): 2. Apr. 28, 1941. (Published in Stoneville,
A program, providing for the use of a permanent "bale tag to
prevent the substitution of other growths for Delta cotton, was
See also Items nos. 1523, 1612, 1637.
Demand and Competition
1465. Bomber uses rayon cord tires. Amer. Ifooi and Cotton Rptr. 55(17):
26. Apr. 24, 1941. (Published by Frank P. Bonnet t & Co., 530
Atlantic Ave., Boston, Mass.) 504.8 T .'. r 88
"Recognition of the strength and safety of rayon cord tires
is seen in the selection of tires of this constract ion by the
U. S. Army for its new 32-ton Douglas 3-19 super bomber now
appro-aching completion. As a result of exhaustive tests, three
specially designed rayon cord tiros will equip the mammoth ship
said to be the world 1 s biggest bomber."
1467. Defense purchases of cotton & wool textiles. Rayon Organon
12(5): 71-73. May 1941. (Published by Textile Economics
Bureau, Inc., 10 East 40th St., Hew York, H, Y.) 304.8 T5128
National defense requirements have comprised about 12 per
cent of the recent 800,000 hale monthly cotton consumption.
1458. Garcia Mat a, ' Rafael. SI algodcn y la industria nacional. Re vista
do Economia Argentina 40(272): 55-57. Teh. 1941. (Published at
Alsina, 261, Buenos Aires, Argentina) 280.8 R325
Cotton and the national industry.
A brief discussion of the Argentine cotton industry, including
the colonial industry, the development of the modern textile
industry, the future of the cotton industry end the creation of
cotton o xchang e s .
1453. c Hillory, Prank H. 3 Textile export outlets must bo maintained and
enlarged says association president. Demands for national
defense should be satisfied first, however. Cotton Trade Jour.
21(21): 5. May 24, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg. ,
How Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
Extracts from annual address to members of the Textile Export
Association of the United States arc given.
A review of developments during 1940.
Also noted in Cotton Digest 13(35): 11. May 31, 1941.
1470. Hunt, James K. Birth of a new fibre. How nylon was developed.
Silk Jour, and Rayon ¥0rld 17(202): 22-23. Mar. 1941. (Pub-
lished at Old Colony House, South King St., Manchester, 2,
England) 304.8 Si3
Extracts from a lecture before the Textile Club,. Boston,
Massachusetts. Describes some phases of the history of nylon
development and gives a brief account of the properties of the
1471. India's exports of cotton yarn and piecegoods. The position of
eastern group countries. Indian Textile Jour. 51(604-): 80-81.
Jan. 1941. (Published at Military Square, Pert, Bombay, India)
Extracts from a booklet discussing the "potentialities of
the Indian cotton mill industry as a source of supply for piece-
goods to the East and Near East Empire Markets daring the Ivar"
are given. The booklet, Fo. 2 in a series, was prepared at the
"instance of the Government of India. "
1472. Iraq cotton for Japan* Indian Textile Jour. 51(504): 95. Jan.
1941. (Published at Military Square, Port, Bombay, India)
304. '8 In2 .
' ' "It was announced in Baghdad recently that an agreement had
been reached between the Iraq Government aid the Japanese urn
of Mitsubishi for the sale of this year's entire Iraq cotton
crop, in addition to the unsold balen.ee of last year's crop.
The price is said to be equivalent to about 9d. per lb. for
the tinned cotton." - Entire itom.
1473. Lall, S. Industrial development in India. Encouragement of
Indian industrialisation includes the hand-loom industries
small units and the large firms. Great changes in trade have
occurred. Textile Mfr. 67(795): 100. Mar. 1941. (Published
"by Emmott & Co., Ltd., 31 King St., West, Manchester, 3, England)
"So far as hand-spinning is concerned, the cottage worker is
■una Die to hold his own against the mills and his remuneration is
so small that even as a spare-time occupation it is of little
material value. The position is otherwise with the hand-loom
weaving industry. The Indian hand-loom industry has shown the
most amazing vitality in face of severe competition from the mills.
In 1913-1914 60)o of the total consumption of cotton piecegoods
in India was imported, 20$ was supplied "by Indian mills and 20$
by hand-loom production. The corresponding percentages in 1935-
1937 were 13$ imported, 61$ by Indian mills and 26$ by hand-loom.
Thus the expansion of the Indian mills has been at the expense
of foreign mills and not of the indigenous hand-loom industry."
1474. Sao Paulo — Cotton textile manufacturing industry. Cotton [Manchester^
47(2255): 5. Apr. 19, 1941. (Published by the Manchester Cotton
Assoc., Ltd., 95 Deansgate, Manchester, 3, England) 304.8 C826
"The number of spindles in operation in the cotton mills in
. the State of Sao Paulo in December, 194-0, has been estimated at
912,000 compared with 925,000 in June 1940, and 911,000 in
December, 1939. The consumption of raw cotton by the mills last
year was approximately 50,000 metric tons, against 48,000 tons in
1939 and 47,000 tons in 1938." - Entire item.
1475. Schmidt, T. T. Shanghai's cotton industry in 1940. Par East Rev.
37(1): 33-34. Jan. 1941. (Published at Yokohama Specie Bank
31dg. : Suite, 9, 24 The Bund, Shanghai, China) Libr. Cong.
Includes a table showing consumption of cotton, production
of yarn and cloth, by months, January-December 1940.
1475. Schneider, Alfred. Der baumwollwcltmarkt — gestern, heute, morgen.
Ifirtschaftsdienst (IT. P.) 25 (l): 24-26. Jan. 3, 1941. (Pub-
lished by Eanscatischc Verlagsanstalt A.-G. , Poststrassc 19,
Hamburg 35, Germany) 280.8 VJ74
Thc world cotton market — past, present and future.
Hotes a decline in world cotton exports, the broadening of
production for purposes of autarchy, and an effort at formation
of closed markets within empires, national economies or ether
economic units. Discusses among other things, the question of
a Pan American cotton cartel and its significance.
1477. "Spintech. " To stop or to run? Spindle .activity end its effect
on costs in a spinning mill. Textile Vcekly 27(685): 505-506,
509. Apr. 18, 1941. (Published at 33, Blackfriars St., Man-
chester 3, England) 304.8 T3127
To be continued.
"The conclusion nay be drawn that at .about 70$ activity the
profit is cancelled, and that any lower percentage will result
in the whittling away of the depreciation allowance"
1478. Textile fa"bricr> association.. Worth Street rules, effective April
17, 1941. Approved and promulgated by Textile fabrics associa-
tion, The Cotton-textile institute, inc., International associa-
tion of garment manufacturers c and others 3 71pp. c !Tew York,
1941a 304 T313.
Standard cotton textile salesnote, revision of April 17, 1941,
1479. U. S. Dept. of agriculture. Office of foreign agricultural rela-
tions. British 1940 experts of cotton goods lowest in 100 years.
U. S. Dept. Agr. Off. Foreign Agr. Relat . Foreign Crops and
Markets 42(19): 679. May 12, 1941. (Published in Washington,
D. C.) 1.9 St2F
A table showing exports of cotton yarns and piecegoods for
the years 1913, 1920, 1931. and 1937-1940 is included.
Also noted in Cotton Trade Jour . 20( 21 ) : 6. May 17, 1941.
1480. U. S. Dept. of agriculture. Office of foreign agricultural relo/tions.
Canadian cotton mills continue high activity. U. S. Dept. Agr.
Off. Foreign Agr. Relat. Foreign Crops and Markets 42(19): 380-
681. May 12, 1941. (Published in Washington, D. C.) 1.9 St2F
Includes a table showing consumption of raw cotton in Canada
by months for January 1937 to March 1941.
Also noted in Cotton Trade Jour. 21(20): 6. May 17, 1941.
1481. IT. S. Dept. of agriculture. Surplus marketing administration. The
cotton stamp plan, July 1 — September 30, 1940. 4pp., processed.
c Washington, D. C. 3 1941. 1.944 D3C821
Report of activities during the period July 1-September 30,
1940. A table, showing prices of leading items purchased with
stamps in the Memphis, Springfield and St. Paul-Minneapolis
areas, July-September 1940, is included.
1482. IT. S. Dept. of labor. Wage .and hour division. IToticc of hearing
on minimum wage recommendation of industry committee no. 25
for the textile industry. C U. S. D Natl. Arch. Fed. Register
6(84): 2205-2208. Apr. 30, 1941. (Published in Washington,
D. C.) 159 F31
The hearing on the 37 l/2 cents minimum wage recommendation
will be held May 15, 1941 in Washington, D. C.
1483. Wassail, Harry W. Wassail analyzes conditions after 13,000 mile
tour. Believes even bad war news would be of only temporary
bearish effect. Cotton Trade Jour. 21(19): 1, 3. May 10, 1941.
(Published at Cotton Exchange 31dg. , Hew Orleans, La.)
"The two most interesting observations on that trip wore the
phenomenal pace at which our mills are consuming cotton and the
rapidity with which cotton is coming out of the Government loans.
Latest figures show that about half of the cotton placed in the
1940 loan has boon withdrawn; but this figure docs not take into
account cotton that had been ordered out but not actually removed. »
Also noted in Cotton Digest 13(32): 7. May 10, 1941.
See also Items nos. 1562, 1575, 1596, 1601, 1602, 1613, 1617,
1619, 1621, 1635, 1640, 1642.
Su~e"oly and Movement
1484. ^American cotton shippers association. Committee on foreign affairs^
Export subsidy needed now, is belief of ACSA. Immediate plan-
ning for post-war movement of U. S. cotton is' urged. Cotton
Trade Jour. 21(13): 7. May 3, 1941. (Published at Cotton
Exchange Slog. , Few Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
Report presented to the annual meeting held in Memphis,
April 25-26, 1941, is noted.
1485. Ce,lidad do la fibra de algodon producida en le. caapaSa 1939-40.
Argentine Republic. Junta ITacioiial del Algodon. Boletin Hensual
no. 70, pp. 74-84. Feb. 1941. (Published in Buenos Aires,
Argentina) 72.9 Ar3
Quality of cotton produced in the 1939-40 season.
1486. c Cox, A. B. ^ Efforts to hold foreign markets lost says Cox.
Cotton Trade Jour. 21(22): 3. May 31, 1941. (Published at
Cotton Exchange Bldg., lew Orleans, La.) 72.8 CS214
"With its cotton priced about $20 per bale on the foreign
market more than competitive brands, the United States has
abandoned — temporarily at least — any effort to hold foreign
markets for American— grown cotton."
Also in Tex. Business He v. 15(4) : 10. May 1941; Cotton
Digest 13(35): 10. Hay 31, 1941.
1487. c Cox, A. 5.-2 Elood cf foreign surplus cotton could break, view.
Dr. Cox notes possibility in advice to Texas cotton farmers.
Cotton Trade Jour. 21(18): 1. Hay 3, 1941. (Published at
Cotton Exchange Bid;:., Hew Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
"Predicting a cotton carryover as large as the 1939 all-
time high cf thirteen million bales, a University of Texas cotton
expert advised Texas farmers, now in the midst of the planting
season, to choose crops with the long-time outlook in view. "
Also noted in Tex. Business Rev, 15(3): 10. Apr. 1941;
Cctton Digest 13(3l): 6. May 3, 1941.
1483. [Davis, Chester^ Chester Davis reviews part of agriculture in
national defense. Conflict to last long tine in various forms
and on many fronts. Cotton Trade Jour. 2l(2l): 7. Hay 24, 1941.
(Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg., New Orleans, La.) 72.3 C8214
Extracts from address, "Agri culture in national Defense, "
delivered before the 45th annual convention of the National
Cottonseed Products Association, Few Orleans, Hay 19-21, 1941.
A discussion cf the cotton situation is included.
1439. Final da safra algodocira paulista do 1939-40. Revistas Hcunidas
11(62): 1. Ecb. 1941. (Published at Eua do S. Bento, 289,
S. Paulo, Brazil) 72.8 R322
Last roport on the Sao Paulo cotton crop of 1939-40. A
table showing production for the 1939-40 season, is inclrilcd.
490, -nmchess, M. J.. Can we hold our cotton export market? Prog,
farmer ( Ga.-Ain.-Pla.-ed. ) 36(4): 13-17. Apr. 1941. (Pub-
lished at 321 - T orth Eineteeniih St., Birmingham, Ala.)
The author discusses the need for holding export markets
and comments on production increases in foreign countries,
Hickman, Prancis C-. Plight of Italy in cotton and in war is
discussed. Scarcity of cotton is iaost keenly felt,, says
publisher in telling of tour. Cotton Trade Jour. 21(20): 1, 6.
May 17, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange Blag., Hew Orleans,
La.) 72.8 C8214
Johnson, L. H. Indian cotton trade prospects. Cotton ^Manchester]
43(2253): 7. Liar. 22, 1941. (Published by the Manchester
Cotton Assoc., Ltd., 95 Deansgate, Manchester, 3, England)
Address at annual general meeting, Karachi Cotton Association.
■ Outlock for the 1940-41 season is discussed.
:93. Lutjohann, Carlos S. Situacicn del mercado algbdonero al prin-
ciple de la cosecha. G-aceta Algodonera 18(206) : 20-21. Mar.
31, 1941. (Published at Hoc onanist a 331, Buenos Aires, Argen-
tina) 72.8 Gil
Cotton market situation at the beginning of the season.
La produce ion do algodon on 1939-40 per provincias y. territorios .
Argentine Republic. Junta ITacional del Algodon;; Sol ot in Mensual
no. 70, p. 65. Too. 1941. (Published in Buenos Aires, Argen-
tina) 72.9 Aro
Production of cotton in 1939-40 by provinces and territories.
95. Rogiones productoras do algodon en el Peril. Algodon 1(5): 138-143.
t Pcb. 1941. (Published by Camara Algodonera del Ferii, Apart ado
llo. 1505, Lima, Peru)
Cotton production regions in Peru. Tables showing production
by provinces for the years 1920-1940, are included.
-95. SI Salvador. The cotton situation. Pan Amor. Union Bui. 85(2):
75-77. Pob. 1941. (Published in Washington, D. C.) 150.9 M76
"According to official data, permits have been granted for
piano ing some 14,600 acres to cotton. If the estimated produc-
tion is 3.5 quintals per acre, there will bo a probable produc-
tion of more or less 51,000 quintals, and if this amount is
added to the excess 20,000 quintals of the last crop, it will
reach the enormous quantity of 71,000 quintals cf unginnod
cotton available at the end of this year. And if we estimate
the maximiue consurrption of the three thrcad-mills, according
to present figures, at 31,000 quintals, we shall have at the
end of December 1941, without counting the crop harvested
during that month, a surplus of 40,000 quintals or double the
surplus of the previous year, 'that is, at the end cf 1940."
1497. Situacao mondial de algodao. Revistas Reunidas 11(62): 3-9.
Feb, 1941. ( Published at Rua- de S. Bento, 389, S. Paulo,
Brazil) 72.8 R322
World cotton situation.
1498. Todd, John A. Cotton statistics. Textile Mfr. 57(795): 82,
92, 100. Mar. 1941. (Published by Emmott & Co., Ltd., 31
King St., T ,vest, Manchester, 3, England) 304.8 T3126
A table showing government forecasts of the Indian crop
for the seasons 1914-15 to 1940-41, is given.
1499. U. S. Dept. of agriculture. Agricultural marketing service.
Arizona cotton, estimated acreage, yield and production, includ-
ing both short staple and Amerfican-Sgyptian, 1923 — 1939, by
counties, c by Preston J. Creer^ 4pp., processed. c Washington,
D. C. : 1941.
1500. U. S. Dept. of agriculture. Agricultural marketing service. Cotton
outlook favorable here, poor elsewhere. Brazil's exports almost
match U. S. hut price lower. Cotton Trade Jour. 20(21): 6.
May 17, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg. , Hew Orleans,
La.) 72.8 08214
Summary of a radio broadcast.
1501. U. S. Dept. of agriculture. Office of foreign agricultural rela-
tions. Anglo-Egyptian Sudan cotton crop near normal. U. S.
Dept. Agr. Off. Foreign Agr. Relat. Foreign Crops and Markets
42(18): 552-653. May 5, 1941. (Published in Washington, D. C.)
A table showing acreage, production and exports, average
1929-30 to 1933-34 and annual 193—35 to 1940-41 is given.
Also noted in Cotton Trade Jour. 21(19): 6. May 10, 1941.
1502. U. S. Dept. of agriculture. Office of foreign agricultural rela-
tions. Drench Indochina imports more American cotton. U. S.
Dept. Agr. Off. Foreign Agr. Relat. Foreign Crops and Markets
42(21) :~ 747' ~43. May 26, 1941, (Published in Washington,
D. C.) 1.9 St2F
Imports of raw cotton into Drench Indochina, by countries
of origin, including the United States, 1936-1939, are shown
in a table.
Also noted in Cotton Trade Jour. 21(22): 6. May 31, 1941.
1505. U. S. Dept. of .agriculture. Office of foreign agricultural rela-
tions. India's 1940-41 cotton crop largest in recent years.
U. S. Dept. Agr. Off. Foreign Agr. Relat . Foreign Crops end
Markets 42(18): 550-552. May 5, 1941. (Published in Washing-
ton, D. C.) 1.9 St2F
"Stocks of Indian cotton in India at the end of August 1940
were estimated at 1,234,000 bales (473-pound equivalents) com-
pared with an estimate of 1,213,000 bales a year earlier,
inperts in 1939-40 (September-August) totaled 419,000 bales
against 549,000 bales for the previous year. Adding the
1939-40 prefect ion of about 4,135,000 bales to carry-over
and imports of raw cotton, the supply for the 1939-40 season
apparently was about 5,789,000 bales."
Also noted in Gotten Oracle Jour. 21(19): 6, 7. May 10, 1941.
1504. U. S. Dept. of agriculture. Office of foreign agricultural rela-
tions. Peru continues heavy cotton shipments to Japan. U. S.
Dept. Agr. Off. Foreign Agr. Relat. Foreign Crops and Markets
42(17): 322-623. Apr. 28, 1941. (Published in" Washington,
D. C.) 1.9 St2F
"In 1940, Japan accounted for 59,300 bales, or only 27 per-
cent of the total exports, against 98,000 hales, or 45 percent,
for the United Kingdom. During the 7-month period, July-
January 1940-41, however, about 69,000 hales or 53 percent of
total exports of 131,000 hales were destined for Japan, compared
with only 26,000 hales out of 263,000 hales during the corres-
ponding period in 1939-40."
Also noted in Cotton Trade Jour. 2l(l8): 6. May 3, 1941.
1505. U. S. Dept. of agriculture. Office of foreign agricultural rela-
tions. Shanghai cotton importers expect farther supply diffi-
culties. U. S. Dept. Agr. Off. Foreign Agr. Relat. Foreign
Crops and Markets 42(17): 620-521. Apr. 23, 1941. (Published
in Washington, B. C.) 1.9 St 21'
"Both the Chinese and Japanese Governments are making efforts
to increase cotton acreage in Chine/ for 1941. In occupied areas
of Forth and Control China, Japanese officials plan to provide
cotton growers with improved seed and to extend loons to then
for buying foodstuffs .and fertilizers and for digging wells for
irrigation. Available funds, however, are considered too smell
to effect any notable increo.se in production this year."
also noted in Cotton Trade Jour. 2l(l8): 6. May 3, 1941.
1505. p'iilliams, Ben J. 3 Loss of export hurts farmer soys ",/illiams.
International tro.de seen as measure of human progress. Cotton
Trade Jour. 21(20): 1, 3. Hay 17, 1941. (Published at Cotton-
Exchange Bldg., Mew Orleans, La.) 72.3 C8214
The author in commenting on lost export markets says "we
can dispose of more of cur cotton by trading it for the goods
of other nations than by using it ourselves."
Also noted in Cotton Digest 13(33): 10. May 17, 1941.
Sec also Items nos. 1405, 1476, 1507, 1511, 1533, 1619, 1637,
1639, 1640, 1647.
1507. Crop control prejudicial to America:: farmer says Agric. economics
bureau. Loss of foreign markets decreases cotton farmers 1
income. Cotton Trade Jour. 21(30): 1, 5. May 17, 1941.
(Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg. , Mew Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
Comments on "Cotton-Price Relationships rue Outlets for Amer-
ican Cotton," by L. D. Howell, issued as Technical Bulletin 755
by the U. S. Department of Agriculture,
1508. c Duggan, I. 3 Hold for parity price, is Duggan word to farmers.
AAA chief in Little Rock address counsels going into loan.
Cotton Trade Jour. 21(18): 1. May 3, 1941. (Published at
Cotton Exchange Bldg.., lew Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
Also noted in So. Carolina,. Conmr. Agr., Coo. and Indus.
So. Carolina Market Bui. May 8, 194-1, p. 1.
1509. Hoffman, S. L. Extent of advance in gray goods is called unwise.
Daily lews Sec. no. 112, p. 11. Hay 13, 1941. (Published at
8 East 13th St., Few York, 11. Y. ) 286.8 148
The author, in commenting on recent gray goods price advances,
states that unless the gray goods mills exercise voluntary price
control government price-fixing and supervision will "be inevit-
1510. Let's figure it out. Cotton Trade Jour. 21(18): 2. May 3, 1941.
(Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg., New Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
An editorial cementing on methods of computing the average
price of cotton on the 10 designated markets.
1511. Paulson, V. E. Price-quality relations in the cotton market of
Victoria, Texas. Jour. Farm Icon. 23(2): 495-499. May 1941.
(Published by American Parm Economic Association, 450 Ahnalp
St., Menasha, Wis.) 280.8 J822
"This short discussioii is a: supplement to L. P. Howell's
paper, ' Quality-Price Diff erentials in Cotton Marketing, * which
was published in the Journal of Parm Economics, issue of
Marketing practices of one-variety groups in the Victoria,
area arc described.
1512. c Revere, C. T. : Parity price myth should be exploded. Cotton
Digest 13(31): 5.. May 3, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange
Bldg., Houston, Tex.) 286.82 C822
1513. Pubbor — cotton. Developments in the field of commodities dis-
cussed and interpreted. Barron' s 21(8): 6. Peb. 24, 1941.
(Published at 44~ Broad St., ITow York, IT. Y.) 284.8 B27
Includes a discv.ssion of the effect of cotton repossessions
1514. The Textile weekly record of trade prices, 1935-40. Textile
Weekly 26(559): 896-897. Dec. 27, 1940. (Published at 35,
Blackfriars St., Manchester, 3, England) 304.3 T3127
"A list is given of average quoted cotton prices, including
prices for American and Egyptian, cottons and yarns and various
types of cloth, wool tra.de prices, and prices of rayon and
other textiles for the months January, 1935, to December, 1940. -
C." - Textile Inst. Jour. 32(2): A90. Peb. 1941.
1515. IT. S. Dept. of agriculture . Bureau of agricultural economics .
Prices of raw cotton and of cloth, and manufacturers 1 gross
margin, 1925—1-1. u. S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Agr. Scon. Cotton
Situation no. 54, p. 1. Apr. 1941. (Published in Washington,
D. C.) 1.9 Bc?52P
A chart with explanatory notes.
See also Items nos. 1472, 1481, 1486, 1526, 1533, 1611, 1614, 1620,
1522, 1S28, 1530.
M arketing and Ha ndling Metho ds and Practice s
1516. c American cotton shippers association. Committee on domestic mill
rules and domestic ar bi t rat ions 3 Local arbitration, descrip-
tion sales, opposed by ACSA. Cotton Trade Jour. 2l(l8): 7. May
3, 1941." (Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg., Sew Orleans, La.)
.Report presented to the annual meeting, Memphis, April 25-26,
1941, is noted.
Cherry, Ralph L. Wickard reveals move to tighten up control of
commodity markets. Broader supervision held needed to gear
fixtures operations to defense. Mehl named to discuss issue
with exchanges. Speculation curb, adjustment to now conditions,
more effective hedging aim of step. Jour. Com. C 1T. Y. 3
188(14531): 1, 2. May 12, 1941. (Published at 63 Park Row,
Uew York, H. Y.) 286.8 J82
An announcement by Secretary of Agriculture, Claude R.
Viickard that commodity exchanges under the Commodity Exchange
Act are being asked to aid in perfecting controls over specula-
tion and in formulating "plans for gearing the machinery of the
futures markets to the national defense effort."
Also noted in Cotton Trade Jour. 21(20): 1, 7. May 17, 1941.
Chicago .journal of commerce and La Salle Street journal. Commodi-
ties; rules and regulations governing tracing on principal
markets: an informative discussion of 25 major commodities.
24pp. c Chicago, Journal of commerce publishing co., 1940 3
folio 280.3 C433
"A scries of articles which appeared in the Chicago Journal _
of Commerce and La Salle Street Journal."
Partial contents: Origin of futures trading, by L. J. Beck-
man, p. 1; Principles of hedging, by D. J. Bcckman, pp. 2~3;
fixation of cotton, by 1. J. Becknan, p. Cotton, by Werner
-Lchnberg, p. 12; Cottonseed oil, by John R. Collins, p. 15.
L ! ecoulcment du coton marccain. La Torre Marocaine 11(135): 11.
Feb. 1941. (Published at Rue Georges Mercie, Casablanca,
Morocco) 24 T44
Selling of Moroccan, cotton.
1520. Future of futures. Textile Mfr. 67(796): 120. Apr. 1941.
• (Published by Sfrnaott & Co., Ltd., 31 King St., West, Man-
chester, 3, England) 304.8 T3126
An editorial commenting on the closing of the Liverpool
cotton futures market on March 31, 1941, and stating that as
a result of government experiments in marketing and "barter
"one cannot feel too sure that the end of the war will see a
return to the full glory and excitement of the Ping* "
1521. Initial margins for new Orleans futures amended. New minimum
margins on sliding scale "based on price of commodities. Cot-
ton Trade Jour. 21(22}: 1. 3. May 31, 1941. (Published at
Cotton Exchange Bldg. , New Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
"Initial margins of $3 a "bale for cotton futures and of
$200 per futures contract of refined cotton seed oil will he
required as of May 31, 1941, according to a decision of the
■ Board of Directors of the New Orleans Cotton Exchange."
1522* Mehl takes action to effect program on commodity cur"b. Urges
exchanges to name committees to work out course of action.
Jour. Com. C N. T. 3 188(14533): 1, 3. May 14, 1941. (Puhlished
at 63 Park Row, New York, N. Y.) 286.8 J82
Cooperation of the exchanges operating under the Commodity
Exchange Act in curbing speculation in commodities including
cotton and cottonseed is asked in a. letter signed "by J. M.
Mehl, chief, Commodity Exchange Administration. Text of the
: letter is given.
Also noted in Cotton Digest 13(34): 13. May 24, 1941.
1523. Net weight futures contract suggested. Cotton Digest 13(31): 5.
May 3, 1941. (Puhlished at Cotton Exchange Bldg. , Houston,
Tex.) 286.82 C822
No definite action was taken on the suggestion, proposed
"by Everett P. Cook, at a meeting of the Agricultural Marketing
Service in Memphis.
1524. c Stewart, John N. 3 Additional euro on speculation to he dis-
cussed. c lTcw Orleans ^ cotton exchange denies speculation is
excessive at present. Cotton Trade Jour. 21(20): 1, 7. May
17, 1941. (Puhlished at Cotton Exchange Bldg. , Hew Orleans,
La.) 72.8 C8214
1525. Undue speculation claims challenged. Loan news causing rise,
trade holds — fixing of prices is opposed. Jour. Com. C N. Y. 3
188(14533): 12. May 14, 1941. (Puhlished at 63 Park Row,
New York, N. Y.) 286.8 J82
"Cotton men pointed out that there is no evidence of
unwarranted speculation in the market; in fact, 75 to 90 per
cent of buying in recent active sessions has -been for trade
and mill accounts. An open interest of only 1,276,700 "bales
reported by the Commodity Exchange Administration yesterday
morning is a clear indication of lack of speculation, and may
indicate that even some trade interests, in the light of the
big forward textile business, may he standing open and unhedged. "
See also Items nos. 1458, 1511, 1612, 1630.
Marketing Services and facilities
1526. Akers, Howard R. Some effects of the government loan program
on the cotton situation. Okla. Agr. Expt. Sta. Current Farm
Scon. 14(2): 46-57. Apr. 1941.. (Published in Stillwater,
Okla.) 100 0k4
The effects of the loan program are summarized as follows:
n (l) Areas distant from the mill districts have enjoyed a
relatively higher loan rate. (2) The movement of high quality
cotton into trade channels has "been retarded. (3) There is a
relatively small amount of free cotton in interior cotton
producing areas. (4) Production of higher quality cotton has
"been stimulated through the high premiums offered for high
quality cotton under the loan program. (5) The market value
of the farmer's equity in cotton loans varies inversely with
the quality of cotton."
1527. Almeida, Jorge W. de, and Riera, Francisco Fernandez. Instruc-
cicnes para la extraccicn y envio de muestras de los fardos de
fihra de algodcn. Argentine Republic. Junta Hacional del
Algodon. Bole tin Mensual no. 70, pp. 118-121. Eeh. 1941.
(Published in Buenos Aires, Argentina) 72.9 Ar3
Instructions for the extraction and shipment of samples
from "bales of cotton.
1528. c American cotton shippers association. Committee on grade and
staple standards^ Color and spots standards needed, is view
of ACSA. Cotton Trade Jour. 21(18): 7. May 3, 1941. (Pub-
lished at Cotton Exchange Bldg. , Hew Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
Report presented to the annual meeting, held in Memphis,
April 25-25, 1941, is noted.
1529. c American cotton shippers association. Committee on national
affairs^ Favor set fees for preparation of loan papers.
ACSA calls for definite arrangements in connection with any
future loan. Cotton Trade Jour. 21(18): 7. May 3, 1941.
(Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg. , Hew Orleans, La.)
Report presented to the annual meeting held in Memphis,
April 25-26, 1941, is noted.
1530. c Cor dray, Ellis P. 3 Safety in foremanship, human and material
factors, eyed. Safety engineer Cordray tells warehouse con-
vention of work for safety. Cotton Trade Jour. 21(22): 3.
Hay 31, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg., Hew
Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
Address before the 4th annual meeting of the National
Cotton Compress and Cotton Warehouse Association, Hew Orleans,
May 30-31, 1941. '
Causes of accidents in the cotton compress and warehouse
industry are discussed.
1531. Cotton loans no panacea for farriers troubles. Cotton Digest
13(34): 8. May 24, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange
Eldg., Houston, Tex/) 285.82 C822
1532. FitzSiiaiaonds, A. L. C. C* C* to give prior public notice
before taking title to loan cotton. Cotton and Cotton Oil
Press 42(11) J 19* Hay 24, 1941. (Published at '3116-18 Com-
merce St., Dallas, Tex.) 304.8 C822
An announcenent , by the Department of. Agriculture-, that the
Commodity Credit Corporation will not take title to loan stocks
of 1938, 1939 and 1940 crops of cotton without prior public
notice is noted.
Also noted in Cotton Trade Jour. 21(22): 7. Kay 31, 1941;
Cotton Digest 13(35): 4. May 31, 1941.
1533. High loans badger the cotton industry. Cotton Digest 13(31): 8.
May 3, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg. , Houston,
Tex.) 286.82 C822
An editorial which says in part: "Pegged cotton and other
farm products prices may not seem important as a sales deterrent
just now. The war brings that about. Most of the markets of
American cotton ' farmers have gone to pot anyway, until the war
is over. But once the war is over — and it will be some day —
cither the United States will resume its exports of cotton and
other commodities, or the American people are in for some very
tough times. Resumption of this trading cannot be brought
about while we hold the price of a commodity arbitrarily above
the vrorld price. n
1534. July onnounc orient of loan may aid earliest producers. August 1
parity figure to govern if higher, is tentative plan. Cotton
Trade Jour, 21(22): 1. May 31, 1941. (Published at Cotton
Exchange Bldg. , Few Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
Announcement by the Commodity Credit Corporation of the 1941
loan program may be made early in July to make the "loan
available to growers in South Texas and other southern points
where new cotton will be ginned prior to August 1."
1535. Looj. terms issue in cotton market. Question whether all or cen-
trally located farms get full 85 per cent. Jour. Com. C IT. Y. 3
188(14544): 1, 15. May 27, 1941. (Published at 53 Park How,
Hew York, IT. Y.) 286.8 J82
Methods of calculating Commodity Credit Corporation loan-
rat cs under the' Pulner 85 per cent parity lav; are discussed.
1536. [National cotton compress and cotton warehouse association]
V/archousemcn in fourth annual convention here work and play.
Deal with labor, transportation and other problems of emergency.
Cotton Trade Jour. 21(22): 1. May 31, 1941. (Published at
Cotton Exchange 31dg. , Hew Orleans, La.) 72.8 08214
Report of 4th annual meeting held at I T ew Orleans, May 30-31,
Also reported in Cotton Digest 13(35): 3. May 31, 1941.
1537. Pedraza A. , Hoberto. Clasif icacion comercirJ. del algodon.
La Vida Rural 2(2l): 22-23. Apr. 1941. (Published at Calle
13, no. 8-42, Bogota, Colombia) 9.4 V66
Commercial classification of cotton.
1533. c Severe, C. T. 3 Loan foreclosure proviso to guard producer
equity? Severe analyzes probable effect of freezing of present
loan stocks. Cotton Trade Jour. 21(22): 1, 8. May 51, 1941.
(Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg., New Orleans, La.)
"Any measures to take over the Government loan cotton v/ould
provide that the Commodity Credit Corporation would give to
producer equity holders a price equal to the amount "by which
the prevailing narket level exceeds the amount of the loan,
including accrued interest and carrying charges. "
"See also Items nos. 1483, 1508, 1513, 1541, 1597, 1598, 1600,
1603, 160S, 1607, 1608, 1610, 1616, 1624, 1625, 1629, 1641.
1539. c American cotton shippers association. Insurance committee^
"Inevitable drift of war zone" toward U. S. affecting insurance.
ACSA urged CIP in preference to cost-freight "basis on ocean
shipments. Cotton Trade Jour. 2l(l8): 1, 7. May 3, 1941.
(Published at Cotton Exchange Eldg. , lev/ Orleans, La.)
Text of report submitted to the annual meeting, held in
Memphis, April 25-26, 1941, is given.
1540. c New Orleans joint traffic bureau^ New Orleans rate cut on
eastboimd cotton promised. Hates to drop to parity with those
from wc-stside points in territory. Cotton Trade Jour. 2l(2l): 3,
May 24, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg., New Orleans,
La.) 72.8 C8214
"Seduction of freight rates on cotton from New Orleans to
eastern and New England points, all rail, are to be reduced to
83 cents, effective probably within the next forty days."
Cooperation in Marketing
1541. Cooperative c cotton 3 marketing pools. Description and rules of
loan valuation pool for season 1940-41. Mid-So. Cotton News
1(8): 2. Kay 1941. (Published by Mid-South Cotton Growers
Association, 822 Palls Bldg., Memphis, Term.) 72.8 C8295
Piber, Yarn and Fabric Quality
1542. c American chemical society. Division of cellulose chemistry^
Abstract of papers presented before the Division of cellulose
chemistry, American chemical society. Textile Ses. 11(6): 289-
292. Apr. 1941. (Published by United States Institute for
Textile Research, Inc., 65 Franklin St., Boston-, Mass.)
Meeting was held in St. Louis, Missouri, April 7-11, 1941.
Partial contents: Mesylated cellulose and derivatives, by
M. L. Wolfrom, J. 0* Sowden, and E. A. Met calf *, .Shrinkage and
cell wall structure of cotton fibers, by Earl E. Berkley; The
hydrolysis and catalytic oxidation of cellulosic materials.
III. The rates of hydrolysis of cotton mercerized with and
without tension, by R. V. iTickcrson; Estimation of reducing
groups in cellulosic materials, by Milton Harris, A. P.. Martin,
and Leonard Smith; Formation of cellulose crystallites in
plastids of living plant cells, "by Wanda X. Parr.
1543. American society for testing materials. Proceedings of the
forty-third annual meeting held at Atlantic City, H. J., June
24-23, 1940.. Volume 40. Committee reports. Technical papers.
1396pp. .Philadelphia c 1 ^- 1 ] 290.9 Am34 v. 40, 1940
Partial contents: Report of Committee D-13 on Textile
Materials, pp.. 404-412; The creep phenomenon in c cotton end
manila] ropes and cords, "by Carleton G-. Lutts and David Kimmel-
farb, pp. 1251-1255.
1544. Crawford, M. D. C. Xing cotton asks only the power to serve.
Sole reward- that fiber requests of the civilization it helped
build is that modern people learn how to get greatest benefits
from its use. Daily News RecOrd no. 97, p. 22. Apr. 25, 1941.
(Published at 8 East 13th St., ftew York, H. Y.) -285. 8 H48
"Pibers do not compete except in men's minds. There is
room for all worthy and lovely materials. We may be the best
dressed of all peoples, but even we are only half dressed. The
proper kind of cotton fabrics would increase the interest in,
and use of, all fabrics, and vastly improve our national ward-
robe . "
1545. Garin, Robert. Les degradations de la cellulose et lour exancn.
Rusta-Rayonne 14(11): 485, 487, 489, 491. Nov. 1939. (Pub-
lished at 61, Avenue Jcan-Jatires , Paris, Prance) Pur. Stand.
Examination of the degradation products of cellulose.
"Phys. modifications of cellulose fibers arc compared with
degradation products which are prepared by chem. decompn.. of
cellulose. Treatment of cellulose by strong acids in presence •
of EgO swells fibers .and produces a phys. modification of cellu-
lose which is much more reactive to reagents than untreated
cellulose. Treatment of cellulose by strong acids and subse-
quent drying in presence of the acid modifies cellulose chemi-
cally, forming hydro-cellulose ( I) , while oxidation by oxi-
dising agents produces oxycellulose II. The hydrolyzing .action
converts the ale. groups of cellulose into aldehyde groups
while oxidation to (il) produces COOH groups. The following
reactions con be applied to these products: Mercerized cotton
can be detected in the presence of untreated cotton by subjecting
the- sample to a soln. of I in XI in the presence of ZnCl^. Mcr-
oerized cotton turns .brown while untreated cotton remains
colorless. I and II reduce iPehling's solns. II gives the
' Turnbull 1 s reaction' 'when treated with 1?e salts and subse-
quently with solns. of K3Pe( C2>l) 6. The acidic groups of II
retain sufficient ?c to produce this reaction. _ ( C) "-Textile
Pes. 11(6).: 299. Apr. 1941.
1546. Haller, P. "Toxtilosophy. " Soc. Dyers & Cclourists Jour.
55(10): 425-432. Oct. 1940. (Published at Ocean Chambers,
32/34 Piccadilly, Bradford, Yorkshire, England) 305.9 Sol
References, p. 432.
"Under the title * Tex'tilosophy 1 the author discusses the
origin end structure of fibres and dye's and man's attempts to
manufacture them. Ke dismisses the teleological argument that
cotton serves to disperse the seed in the wind. The lamellate
structure of cotton is shown in a photomicrograph of a fibre
swollen by cupri-ethylenediamine and it is argued that man has
so far failed to reproduce such a structure in rayon. The
striving for national self-sufficiency in fibres is condemned
and Lanital is dismissed as 0. failure. - C. " - Brit. Cotton
Indus. Pes. Assoc. Sum. Our. Lit. 20(22): 553. Ho v. 30, 1940.
1547. ^Harris, Milton^ Textile men hear talk about fibers. Pose arch
director describes molecular structure of many typos. Jour.
Com, C !T. Y. n 183(14529): 11. May 9, 1941. (Published at 63
Park Row, Hew York, H. Y.) .286.8 J82
Extracts from an address before "the monthly meeting of the
American Association of Textile Technologists at 2 Park Avenue. 1
Also noted in Daily News Pec. no. 110, p. 5. Hay 10, 1941.
1548. Kubo, T. Untersuchungen ■ttber die umwandlung von hy drat cellulose
in nat^rlichc cellulose, . VIII . Uober die verschiedenheitcn dcr
sogennanten naturlichen cellulose. Soc. Che-m. Ind. E Japan^ •
Jour. 43(10): B345. Oct. 1940. (Published by the Society of
Chemical Industry, Yuraku Bl dg. , "Marun but i , Tokyo, Japan)
Transformation of hydrate cellulose into native cellulose.
VIII. On the differences of so-called native cellulose.
"A table is given of the dimensions of the equatorial inter-
ferences in the X-ray diagrams of a number of cellulose prcpar-
. at ions from different vegetable origin. Distinct Al end A2
interferences arc given by ramie, jute, cotton and "banana tree
. cellulose, but in coltsfoot, bamboo, straw and several other
celluloses these overlap and appear as one. These celluloses
thus resemble' the products obtained by heating mercerised
ramie or rayon with glycerol. - C." - Brit. Cotton Indus. Pes.
Assoc. Sum. Cur. Lit. 2l('i): 103. Feb. 28, 1941.
1549. Smith, William S., and Pearson, Norma L. A method of measuring
the strength of attachment of cotton fibers to the seed and
some results of its application. 22pp., processed. Washington,
U. S. Dept. of agriculture, Agricultural marketing service,
Issued in cooperation With the Bureau of Plant Industry.
Report of a study. to ascertain "whether seed cottons
(varieties) differ in their mean strength of fiber attachment
to the seed and if so, whether these' differences are reflected
in ginning efficiency and lint quality."
1550: Stamm, Alfred J. and Millet t, Merrill A. The internal surface
of c e 1 lul o s i c n at e r i al s . J our . Phy s . Chen . 45 ( 1 ) : 4 3-54 . J an .
1941. (Published by Williams & Wilkins Co., Mount Royal and •
Guilford Aves., Baltimore, Md.) 381 J822
Presented at the Seventeenth Colloid Symposium, held at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, June 5-8, 1940.
References, pp. 53-54.
"Values for the internal surface of cellulosic materials
£ including cotton^ have been cal ciliated from published data for
(l) adsorption of gases and vapours, (2) selective adsorption
from solution, (3) heats of swelling and (4-) adhesion tension,
and also from new data on selective adsorption. 'These and
other values taken fro:.: the literature fall into two groups.
Systems in which the cell wall is not swollen give surfaces of
about 2 x 10^ sq_. cm. per gram, whereas systems in which the
cell walls are swollen give surfaces of about 3 x 10° sq. cm.
per gram. The former measure only the microscopically visible
surface, whereas the latter measure the surface of the transient
capillary structure created within the cell walls by the swell-
ing agents. - C." - Brit. Cotton Indus. Res. Assoc. Sum. Cur.
Lit. 21(6): 1-iS. Mar. 31, 1941.
See also Items nos. 1551, 1555, 1639.
Technology of Manufacture
1551. Barnshaw, C. Mule spinning. Textile Mercury and Argus 104(2710):
207. ' Job." 23, 1941. (Published at 41, Spring Gardens, Man-
chester, England) 304.8 T318 "
To be continued.
"The mule is capable of spinning weaker yarn than any other
type of spinning machine, and is still pre-eminent in the
production of the finest and other types of very tender or
dc 1 i c at e yarns . "
1552. Brooks and Doncy, Ltd. Soaping cotton waste for spinning. A
new mobile soaping apparatus can be attached as required to any
machine delivering material in sheet form. Textile Mfr.
67(795): 138. Apr, 1941. (Published by Sr.no tt & Co., Ltd.,
31 King St., West, Manchester, 3, England) 304.8 T312S
The apparatus is described.
1553. Butterworth, L. A. Seamless cork cots for cotton mills. Devel-
opments in manufacture. Indian Textile Jour. 51(604): 87. Jan.
1941. (Published at Military Square, Tort, Bombay, India)
1554* Chat-field, James. Hints on successful long draft roving. Tex-
tile Age 5(5): 45-53. May 1941. (Published at 381 Fourth
Ave., Hew York, H. Y.') 304.8 T3132
To be continued.
1555. Johns, Warren A. Yarn twist— its effect on stretch. Textile
Age 5(5): 68-71. May 1941. (Published at 381 Fourth Ave.,
Few York, IT. Y.) 304.8 T3132
1556. "M. , W, " Machine speeds in the spinning mill, A guide to
obtaining the nost satisfactory speeds in cleaning and opening
machinery. Textile Rec. 58(693): 14-15. Dec. 1940. (Published
at Old Colony House, Manchester, 2, England) 304.8 T311
1557. Meek, Parker. Method to figure creeling time. Cotton c Atlanta;]
105(5): 77. May 1941. (Published by W. R. C. Smith Publish-
ing Company, Grant Bldg. , Atlanta, Ga.) 304.3 C823
"Information and calculations are given for figuring the
time that a given creel of stock will run at a given percentage
-of efficiency on the drawing, roving and spinning processes in
a textile plant. Figures apply to the processing of cotton, and
cotton standards are used. "
1558. Reclo thing cards. Cotton E Atlanta^ 105(5): 111-112. May 1941.
(Published by W. R. C. Smith Publishing Company, Grant Bldg. ,
Atlanta, Ca.) 304.8 C823
A letter to the editor. This contributor "says that cards .
should be rcclothed by the card grinders — and gives his own
method for doing it."
1559. Some facts about bobbins that will save you money. Fibre and
Fabric 94(2934): 12. Apr. 26, 1941. (Published by Wade Pub-
lishing Co., 465 Main St., Cambridge, Mass.) 304.8 F44
From the April 1941 issue of "Cotton Chats" issued by the
Instructions for the core of bobbins arc included.
Also in Textile World 91(5): 91. May 1941.
1560. (-Southern textile association. Eastern Carolina division^ Cotton
carding machinery discussed. S. T. A. Eastern Carolina division
at Raleigh discusses advantages of compressing card sliver and
tell .about impressions of picking and carding equipment soon
at recent Greenville show — George Gilliam elected chairman.
Amcr. Wool and Cotton Rptr. 55(19): 13-17, 42-44. May 8, 1941.
(Published by Prank P. Bennett & Co., 530 Atlantic Ave., Boston,
Mass.) 304.8 W88
Meeting was held at Raleigh, IT. C, April 26, 1941.
1561. ' c Southern textile association. Piedmont division^ Machinery at ■
Greenville impressed Piedmont hen. Discussed at meeting of
Division of Southern textile association. Special interest in
loom running at 204 picks a minute. Double sliver drawing,
high speed winding, long draft on slubbers and new rayon card
impressed other members. Amer* Wool and Cotton Rptr. 55(17):
9-10, 43. Apr; 24, 1941. (Published by Frank P. Bennett & Co.,
530 Atlantic Ave., Boston* Massi) 304.8 W88
Meeting was held at Charlotte, N. C, April 12, 1941.
The machinery under discussion was on display at the South-
ern Textile Exposition held in G-reenville, S. C, March 31-
April 5, 1941.
Also noted in Textile Bui. 60(4) : 22, 46-47, 50-52. April 15,
See also Item no. 1643.
Technology of Consumption
1562. Allen, Joe. Tufted bedspread industry started by a little girl.
12-year-old wanted replica of heirloom, made one: craze grew
and grew. Cotton Trade Jour. 21(19): 7. May 10, 1941. (Pub-
lished at Cotton Exchange Bldg. , New Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
30,000 bales of cotton are consumed annually by the candle-
wick bedspread industry.
1563. America's biggest bedding maker? Bedding Mfr. 40(4): 10-11. May
1941. (Fublished by the Better Bedding Alliance of America,
608 South Dearborn St., Chicago, 111.) 309.8 B39
Up to the middle of February 1941, 1,250,000 cotton mattresses
had been made under the Department of Agriculture's mattress
1554. Cotton crop finds new jobs. Missouri Ruralist 82(10): 17. May 10,
1941. (Published at 8th and Jackson Sts. , Topeka, Kans.)
Uses of cotton are mentioned.
1565. Fabrics for national defense. Digests of army specifications for
airplane cloth and mosquito netting. Textile World 91(5): 79.
May 1941. (Published by McGraw-Hill Publishing Co., Inc.,
330 West 42d St., New York;: N. Y.) 304.8 T315
1566. Facts about the U. S. rubber industries. India Rubber World
103(6): 35-36, 49. Mar. 1, 1941. (Published at 420 Lexington
Ave., New York, N. Y.) 305.8 In2
An article based on United States census figures. A table
showing production of cotton tire fibrics for the years 1919-
1939 is included.
1567. Fleming, Louise C. Mattresses -promote thought. U. S. Ext. Serv. , Ext
S-erv. Rev, :12(5): 69. ~ May 1941. (Published in Washington, D.C.)
Benefits of the Department of Agriculture' s mattress program
to Orangeburg County, S. C. , are noted and results are given.
1568. Hegnauer, Leonard. Thr cotton mattress and the community. U. S.
Ext. Serv., Ext. Serv. Rev. 12(5): 76-77. May 1941. (Published
in Washington, D. C.)
Community benefits from the Department of Agriculture's
mattress program are noted.
1569. Eogcn, Mena.- "Buy or make a mattress for 1941." Frog. Farmer
(Miss. Val. .cd.) 56(2): 64. ..Feb.. 1941. (Published at Cotton
Exchange ±>ldg. , Memphis, .Term.). . 6 So81 . - ■' :
"Home consumption of cotton is fast "becoming the slogan in
Southern states, where mat t ress-making programs continue in
full swing. Knowing that sleep articles comprise the greatest
potential .market for cotton consumption, Arkansas extension
workers have concentrated on the "bedroom, their slogan "being,
'Buy or Make a Mattress for 19411"
1570. Know what cotton contributes tc blankets. Daily News Rec. no.
119, sec. 2, p. 18. May 21, 1941. (Published at 8 East loth
St., New York, N. Y. ) 286.8 N48
Describes briefly the qualities of cotton blanket s /and._tiells
of the kinds of cotton used in their manufacture.
1571. Quality of wool improved by cotton canvas jackets. Ariz. Farmer
-Prod. 20(5): 13. Mar. 1, 1941. (Published at 313 North Third
; Ave., Phoenix, Ariz.) 6 Ar44
• "Tfool growers in Wyoming have found that by. clothing their
sheep with jackets of cotton cenva,s, they secure' fleece of greater
length and less shrinkage. Wool of canvas coated sheep is cleaner,
with a solid, unweathered tip. General health of the sheep is
said to-be better, the ugh they consume less food."
1572. : SHah, R. U. Ideal drafting in cotton spinning. ; Indian -Textile
Jour. 51(604): 83. Jan. 1941. (Published at Military Square,
Fort, Bombay, India) 304. R In2
1573. Sheep clad in cotton may seem paradoxical , but it is a reality.
Daily Mill Stock Entr. 25(81): 5. Apr. 26, 1941. (Published
at 133 W. 21st St/, New York, N. Y. ) 302.8 D
R. J. Cheatham, chief ,. Co ttcn Processing Division, Southern
Regional Laboratory, in commenting on an experiment to provide
newly shorn sheep with cotton overcoats, points out that
"should the experiment prove so successful that. all. of the
50,000,000 sheep, in the United States were given coats,- this
would mean a potential market for about 50,000 bales of cotton.
. At present each coat costs 90 cents, but mass production would
cut the cost to somewhere between 50 cents and 80 cents."
1574. Textile "bag manuf ac ture r s association. Sew with cotton bags. 32pp.,
rev. Chicago, 1941. - - ... .. . .
Contains instructions for making, clothing and household arti-
cles from sugar, flour and other cotton bags.
1575. cU. S. Dept. of agriculture. Surplus, marketing administrations Cot-
ton for paper mating allocated, 6, 5.40 -bale total. Cotton Trade
Jour. 21(21): 3. May 24, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange
Bldg., New Orleans, La.)' 72.6 C8214 ;
The allotments were made .under the federal program: to encourage
the use of low-grade : cetton in the manufacture of high-grade
writing pamper. ■ ;. .
1576. Uk S. Federal trade commission. Hosiery industry. Promulgation
of trade practice rules. cU. S.u Natl. Arch. Fed. Register
6(95): 2423-2430. May 15, 1941. (Published in Washington,
D. C.) 169 F31
Includes cotton hosiery.
1577. Wing, Dewitt C. Millions of legs for king cotton. Tex. Farming
and Citric. 17(ll): 8. May 1941. (Published by Watson Publish-
ing Co., 319 East Jackson St., Harlingen, Tex.) 80 T31
Brief account of hosiery research carried out by the Bureau
of Home Economics. To date 80 styles of full-fashioned cotton
hosiery have been developed.
See also Items nos. 1466, 1638.
COTTONSEED AND COTTONSEED PRODUCTS
1578. Bailey, A. E. Steam deodorization of edible fats and oils. Theory
and practice. Indus, and Engin. Chem. (Indus, ed. ) 33(3): 404-
408. Mar. 1941. (Published by American Chemical Society, Mills
Bldg. , Washington, D. C.) 381 J825
Includes cottonseed oil.
1579. CEA puts brakes on cottonseed oil speculative trade. Move reputed
to result from OFM concern over soaring prices. Cotton Trade
Jour. 21(19): 1, 8. May 10, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange
Bldg., New Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
The text of a telegram, signed by J. M. Mehl , chief, Commodi-
ty Exchange Administration, U. S. Department of Agriculture,
asking the Hew Orleans Cotton Exchange and the New York Produce
Exchange to curb speculation in cottonseed oil futures, is given.
1580. Chemical cotton production. Chem. & Metall. Engin. 48(4): 108-111.
Apr. 1941. (Published at 330 West 42d St., New York, N. Y.)
Essential steps in the process of purification of linters are
illustrated by diagrams and photographs.
1581. Cottonseed oil popula.r as meat preserver. Tex. Agr. 6(7): 9. May
1941. (Published by Texas Farm Bureau Federation, 414 l/2 Frank-
lin Ave., Waco, Tex.) 6 F22992
1582. Fraps, C. S. , a.nd Carlyle, E. C. Productive energy of corn meal,
alfalfa loaf meal, dried buttermilk, casein, cottonseed meal, and
taxika.ge as measured by production of fat and flesh by growing
chickens. Tex. Agr. Expt. St a. Bui.. 600, 41pp. College Station,
1941. 100 T31B
References, p. 41.
1583. cLeahy, JohnD Cottonseed oil an important factor in war says Leahy,
Believes cottonseed should not suffer from measures affecting
staple. Cotton Trade Jour. 2l(2l): 6. May 24, 1941. (Published
at Cotton Exchange Bldg., New Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
Extracts from address before the 45th annual convention of
the National Cottonseed Products Association, New Orleans, May
The author, in speaking about "Potential Importance of Cotton-
seed in Our Cotton Economy," remarked that cottonseed is adverse-
ly affected "by restrictive measures designed to limit cotton
production and stated that there was not an oversupply of cotton-
1564. Leahy, John. Pictorial tour of the Cottonseed and cottonseed pro-
ducts laboratory of the University of Tennessee. Cotton and
Cotton Oil Press 42(9): A10-A11. Apr. 26, 1941. . (Published at
3115-18 Commerce St., Dallas, Tex.) 304.. 8 C822
A series of eleven photographs with explanatory notes.
1585. Loe," James A. Purifying cotton linters. Chem & Metall. Engin.
48(4): 90-91. Apr. 1941. (Published at 330 West 42d St., New
York, N.Y.) 381 £12
' - "Cotton linters are a raw material used in the production of
such products as smokeless powder, rayon, lacquers, film, plastics,
artificial leather, and dynamite. Chemical engineers have so
greatly improved the purification and bleaching operations that
finished linters with optimum characteristics desired in a raw
material for the production of each of these materials can be.
obtained.. The process in general use in the industry, rather
than that of any particular company , is described."
1586. [Manning, WyndhamD Eome consumption of ail cottonseed products
increased. Cotton Trade Jour. 21(20; : 1, 5. May 17, 1941.
(Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg. , New Orleans , La.) 72.8
Extracts from a recent broadcast over Station W3T at Charlotte,
The success of the Educational Service program of the National
Cottonseed Products Association in increasing consumption of
cottonseed products is noted.
1587. Meloy, G-. S. The utilization of capacity and the production and
distribution of products by the cottonseed crushing industry.
6pp., processed. Washington, U. S. Dept. of agriculture, Agricul-
tural marketing service, 1941.
• Address, convention of the National Cottonseed Products Assoc-
iation, New Orleans, La., May 19-21, 1941.
The following tables are included: Average monthly utilization
of capacity by cottonseed crushing mills, 1935-39; Average monthly
receipts end crushings of cottonseed, 1935-39; Average monthly
production and shipments of cottonseed oil and average nrices,
1935-39; Average monthly -production and shipments of cottonseed
cake and meal, - and average price, 1935-39; Average monthly pro-
duction and shipments of linters, 1935-39; Average monthly pro-
duction and shipments of cottonseed hulls, 1935-39.
1588. Morgan, J. I., jr. Oil milling in eastern North Carolina. Cotton
and Cotton Cil Press 42(10): A22-A23. May 10, 1941. (Published
at 3116-18 Commerce St., Dallas, Tex.) 304.8 C822
Delivered over Station WC-TC, Greenville, N. C. , April 21, 1941.
The cottonseed oil industry of eastern North Carolina is
1589. [National cottonseed products association} Cottonseed-men conven-
tion in New Orleans was big success. Cooperation with national
defense important for industry, says Wallace. Cotton Trp.de Jour.
21(21): 1, 3. May 24, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg. ,
New Orleans, La.) 72,8 C8214
Report of 45th .annual convention, held in New Orleans, May 19-
Also reported in Cotton and Cotton Oil Press 42(ll) : 5-7, 22.
May 24, 1941.
1590. National cottonseed products association, inc. Educational Service.
Cottonseed meal and hulls in dairy rations. Natl. Cottonseed
Products Assn. Inc. Educational Serv. Cir. 15, 8pp. cDallas,
Tex., 1940? 3 72.9 N213C
1591. National cottonseed products association, inc. Educational service.
Feeding beef cattle cottonseed products. Natl. Cottonseed Pro-
ducts Assn. Inc. Educational Serv. Cir. 17, 7pp. [Dallas , Tex.,
1940?3 72.9 N213C
1592. National cottonseed products association, inc. Educational service.
Whole-pressed cottonseed for feeding livestock. Natl. Cottonseed
Products Assn. Inc. Educational Serv. Cir. 18, 7pp. cDallas,
Tex. , 1940?3 72.9 N213C
"Whole-pressed cottonseed (also called cold-pressed) is the
product made in the expeller process of extracting oil from cot-
tonseed, and includes the entire seed, less the oil extracted
and the lint removed. It is available as whole-pressed cotton-
seed, flaked or ground and as pellets or cubes."
1593. [National cottonseed products association. Valley divisions Bart-
mess is made chairman of Valley division; G-annaway vice-chairman.
Cotton and Cotton Oil Press 42(9): A-7 , A-18. Apr. 26, 1941.
(Published at 3116-18 Commerce St., Dallas, Tex.) 304.8 C822
Report of annual convention, Hot Springs, Arkansas, April 22,
1941. Extracts from an Address, Effect of Weather on the Relative
Development of Oil and Protein in Cottonseed, by Gr. S. Meloy are
1594. Solov'ev, N. [Losses of cottonseed oil in the process of refining3
Masloboino Zhirovoe Delo 16(3): 8. 1940. (Published in Moskva,
U. S. S. R.) Libr. Cong.
"In the Alk. refining of black cottonseed oil the losses atf
oil can be reduced by avoiding excess NaOH in the neutralization.
- Chas. Blanc." - Chem. Abs. 35(3): 923. Feb. 10, 1941.
1595. Ward, A. L. ... Mill managers co-operate actively in increasing use
- of their products. Cotton and 'Cotton Oil Press 42 (10): A5. May
10, 1941. (Published at 3116-18 Commerce. St., Dallas, Tex.)
"Seven years ago was in 1934. The cottonseed crushing season
of 1933-34 was drawing to a close. Oil mills had crushed
4,156,000 tons of seed, hut the. value of the products from this
seed was only $112,000,000. , (For comparison, the Census Bureau
reports for 1940-41 give the value of $159,000,000 from 4,150,000
tons of seed crushed.)"
See also Items nos. 1406, 1408, 1411, 1415, 1445, 1448, 1518, 1521, '
1522, 1549, 1605, 1638.
LEGISLATION, REGULATION, AND ADJUDICATION
1596. The cotton situation and manufacturing conditions. Crops to continue
larger than possible consumption with prices kept up artifically.
Lease-lend bill said to provide $150,000,000 for manufacture of
cotton products to be sent abroad — some interesting phases of this
proposed plan. Amer. Wool and Cotton Rptr. 55(15): 11-12. Apr.
10, 1941. (Published by Frank P . Bennett & Co., 530 Atlantic
Ave., Boston, Mass.) 304.8 W88
A letter to the editor.
1597. 85$ crop loan bill signed with income limited to parity. President
rules 3 types of payments to farmer must not "exceed parity."
Jour. Com. cN. Yo 188(14544): 1, 2. May 27, 1941. (Published
at 63 Park Row, New York, N. Y. ) 286.8 J82 , (
"Mr. Roosevelt said when this bill becomes law the co-operat-
ing farmer will be able to receive an 85 per cent parity loan,
plus a cash parity payment, plus a cash soil conservation payment,
and 'under no circumstances should the sum of these three exceed
parity. 1 "
1598. 85$ parity aid bill approved in Senate, sent to Roosevelt. Congress
is seen ready to override in case of veto — adopted by 75 to 2.
• Hearings resume today on C. C. C. increase in funds for financing
of loan program. Jour. Com. cN. Y.3 188(14534): 1, 3. May 15,
1941. (Published at 63 Park Row, New York, N. Y.) 286.8 J82
1599. c Fleming, Lamar, jr. 3 Fleming talks on cotton situation. Cotton
Digest 13(34): 6. May 24, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange
Bldg. , Houston, Tex.) 286.82 C822
Extracts from address before the Optimist Club Luncheon,
Houston, Texas, May 22, 1941.
The author criticizes government cotton policies.
1600. cGelles, Bernardo 85$ parity plan hit by Gelles as load on city
population. Daily News Rec. no. 109, pp. 1, 20. May 9, 1941.
(Published at 8 East 13th St., New York, N. Y.) 286.8 N48
"At a time when the public is "being asked to pull in its "belt
in order to meet the $3,500,000,000 defense tax bill, it would-
seem hardly a propitious occasion to advocate a mandatory loan
of 85 per cent of parity."
cLamport, Samuel C.3 Cotton surplus disposal plan gains attention.
Suggests converting surplus into cloth to stabilize markets. Cot-
ton Trade Jour. 2l(2l):'3, 4. May 24, 1941. (Published at Cotton
Exchange Bldg. , New Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
The plan is explained.
1602. cLamport, Samuel J C.a Lamport cotton textile plan seen winning trade
support. Jour. Com. cN. Y.3 186(14531): 11. May 12, 1941. (Pub-
lished at 63 Park Row, New York, N« Y.) 286.8 J82
"The chief feature of the plan is to convert surplus cotton
into fabrics and garments for distribution in non-competitive fields
whenever the present rate of manuf a,cturing activity shows signs of
Also noted in Cotton Digest 13(32): 4. May 10, 1941.
1603. Loan situation confuses trade. Cotton Digest 13(34) : 3-4. May 24,
1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg., Houston, Tex.)
"If the 85 per cent of parity loan bill becomes law, as it is
expected to do, the government will be faced with the possibility
of farmers continuing to sell equities in 1938 and 1940 cotton
while at the same time placing their 1941 crop in the government
loan at a price to them which is higher than they have received
in many years. Will this be a good policy on the part of the
1604. cMurchison, C. T.d Murchiscn hits certificate plan in textile
talk. Mill men's convention at Augusta hears blast at process- •
ing tax. Cotton Trade Jour. 21(18): 3. May 3, 1941. (Published
at Cotton Exchange Bldg., New Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
Extracts from address before annual convention of the American
Cotton Manufacturers Association, Augusta, G-a. , April 24-26, 1941.
1605. cNati'onal cotton council of American Cottonseed trade barriers
lowered by cotton council. Championship of cottonseed food pro-
ducts brings definite results. Cotton Trade Jour. 21(19): 7.
May 10, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg., New Orleans,
La.) 72.8 C8214
"Director Phillip Tocker of the trade barriers <a:id penalties
section said that the Council's work had been concerned with 36
measures in 23 states and with five in the national congress."
Also noted in Cotton Digest 13(32): 3, 4. May 10, 1941.
1606. Ousley, Clarence. Cotton farmers favored. Cotton and Cotton Oil
Press 42(11): 14. May 24, 1941. (Published at 3116-18 Commerce
St., Dallas, Tex.) 304.8 C822
An editorial which says in part: "Cotton farmers have no right
to comnlain of the attitude of the Congress and the National
Administration toward their principal source of income. Cotton
at 13 cents a pound, with a surplus of some 12 million "bales ,
would be impossible in any free trading system without the policy
of government loans at approximate parity."
Per decreto se autorizo al Banco de la nacion hacer prestamos sobre
la fibra de algod.on.de 1940-1941. G-aceta Algcdonera 18(206): 7.
Mar. 31, 1941. (Published at Reconquista 331, Buenos Aires,
Argentina) 72.8 Gil
Decree authorizing the National Bank to make loans on cotton
in 1940-1941. The text of the decree is given.
Also noted in Argentine Republic. Junta Naciona.1 del Algodon.
Boletin Mensual no. 70, pp. 63-64. Feb. 1941.
Possibility of veto on 85$ parity bill hinted by President. Talks
of step if computation shows plan goes beyond policy of Congress.
Jour. Com. cN. Y.3 188(14536): 1, 9. May 17, 1941. (Published
at 63 Park Row, New York, N. Y. ) 286.8 J82
"Parity 'for cotton" is figured... at 16c a pound. The 85 per
cent loan would amount to 13.6c, parity payments 1.38c and soil
conservation' payments 1.37c of a total 16.35c' a pound, or 35
points above parity."
Processing tax refund sought. Cotton Tra.de Jour. 2l(2l) : 3. May
24, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg. , New Orleans, La.)
Legislation, granting "further extension' of the time in which
farmers may make application for refunding of the Bankhead cot-
ton processing tax", is sought by the West Texas Chamber of
1610. Say loan level fight is by no means finished. Administration and
House sard to favor holding down to 75 per cent, may win on
parliamentary procedure. Senate demands 85 pet. Members of
Congress, many from cotton belt, reported to believe higher fig-
ure would be curse in disguise. Cotton Tra.de Jour. 21(19): 1,'8,
May 10, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange IBldg. , New Orleans,
La.) 72.8 C8214
1611. Senate may prove farm parity rate. Present price is held toe low —
resolution opposes fixing maximums. Jour. Com. cN. Y.D 188(14536)
1, 9. May 17, 1941. (Published at 63 Park Row, New York, N. Y.)
Extracts from a resolution introduced by Senator Elmer Thomas
regarding parity prices are given.
Also noted in Cotton Digest 13(34): 4. May 24, 1941.
1612. Texas— cotton. U. S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Agr. Econ. Digest of Outstand-
ing Federal and State Legislation Affecting Rural Land use, May 1,
1941. p. 14. (Published in Washington, D. C.)
"Would 'direct the State commissioner of agriculture to call
upon the Texas Experiment Station to investigate the handling,
inspection, and transportation of cotton in the State, to study
the materials used for "bale covering, and to promulgate stand-
ards for materials to "be used for bale covering. The standards
when received "by the commissioner o^ agriculture would "be known
as the I Texas Official Cotton Tare Standards. 1 (S. B. 435, Mr*
Sulak.)." - Entire item.
See also ■ Item no. 1629. • •
1613* Argentine rules on cotton yarn imports related. Daily News Rec.
no* 117, pp. 1, 16. May 19, 1941. (Published at 8 East 13th
St., Hew York, N. Y.) 286.8 N48
An announcement of the Minister of Finance that "imports of
cotton yarns from tho United States will again "be admitted by
assignments of dollars under the official rate. Imports of silk
yarns, however, will be admitted by assignment of dollars at the
1614. The ceiling on combed yarn. Internatl. Textile Apparel Anal. 10 (21 )
3. May 24, 1941. (Published by the International Statistical
Bureau, Inc., 70 Fifth Ave., New York, N. Y.) 304.8 B64In
This article discusses briefly the effect of the combed yarn
price ceiling announced by the Office of Price Administration
and Civilian Supply and states that "although the ceiling does
not have legal standing, the Price Administrator may be able to
exert economic pressure through priorities on transportation
coal or power. "
1615. Cotton fanners say it's an emergency; want to grow stub. Ariz.
Farmer Prod. 20(6): 1, 21. Mar. 15, 1941. (Published at 313
North Third Ave. , Fhoenix, Ariz. ) 6 Ar44
Suspension of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration's
ruling that all stub cotton must be plowed up or benefit pay- :
ments forfeited, is asked.
1616. t : Durbin, G-. J.d Equity transfer must be right fa,rmers warned.
A. A. A. official advises to have all documents properly filled.
Cotton Trade Jour. 21(22): 7. May 31, 1941. (Published at
Cotton Exchange Bldg. , Nov Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
Regulations of the Commodity Credit Corporation regarding
transfer of cotton loan equities are explained.
1617. French textiles under stringent official control. Purchase tickets
necessary for purchase of everyday cloth needs. Cotton Trade
Jour. 21(22): 6. May 24, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange
Bldg., New Orleans, La.) 72.8 08214
1618. cCt. Brit. Cotton board. 3 A plan for cotton. Industry's response.
to government's call. New system for direction of exports.
Manchester Chamber of Con. Monthly Rec. 52(3): 71-78. Mar. 31,
1941. (Published at Ship Canal 'House , King -St.'. Manchester, 2,
England) 287 M31
Plans for curtailing consumption of raw cotton and concen-
trating production of cloth are noted.
Also noted in Textile Weekly 27(683): 440. Apr. 4, 1941;
Manchester Chamber of Com. Monthly Rec. 52(4): 117-118. Apr.
1619. New cotton program gives incentive for improving living conditions.
U. S. Dept. of agriculture. Ext. Serv. Ext. Serv. Rev. 12(4):
56. Apr. 1941. (Published in Washington, D. C.) 1 Ex892Sx
The supplementary cotton program of the Department of Agri-
culture, designed to reduce cotton acreage and at the same time
to increase consumption of cotton goods among cotton farmers,
1620. Raw cotton stocks and imports requisitioned. Cotton and yarn
prices stabilised. Cotton [Manchester} 46(2255) : 2. Apr. 5,
1941. (Published "by the Manchester Cotton Assoc., Ltd., 96
Deansgate, Manchester, 3, England) 304.8 C826
Control of the Cotton Industry Orders Nos. 19 and 20,. 1941,
issued by the Eritish Ministry of Supply, are explained.
Also noted in Manchester Chamber of Com. Monthly Rec.
52(4) : 110. Apr. 30, 1941.
1621. Richter, J. H. Cotton control in the United Kingdom. U. S. Dept.
Agr. Off. Foreign Agr. Relat. Foreign Agr. 5(5): 193-204. May
1941. (Published in Washington, D. C.)
"This article presents a. simple factual account of the his- •
tory of the controls since the outbreak of war in 1939."
1622. Riemer, Harry. Combed yarn price seen being brought into direct
relationship with cloth. Primary markets not expecting changes
in fabric prices, though recognizing retarding influence on
advancing trend in textiles in general — weaving mills say they
could have ma.de more money selling their yarns. Daily News
Rec.no. 118, pp. 1, 18. May 20, 1941. (Published at 8 East
13th St., New York, N. Y. ) 286.8 N48
An announcement, "that a 40-cents a pound ceiling on 30s
single combed yarns would be set by the Office of Price Admin-
istration and "Civilian Supply," is noted.
Also noted in Jour. Corf. cN. Y. 3 188(14538): 1, 11. May 20,
1941; Cotton Trade Jour. 2l(2l): 1, 8. May 24, 1941.
1623. U. S. Dept. of agriculture. Agricultural adjustment administration.
1941 supplementary cotton program. cU. S.d Natl. Arch. Fed.
Register 6(9l) : 2348. May" 9, 1941. (Published in Washington,
D. C.) 169 F31
1624. U. S. Dept. of agriculture. Commodity credit corporation. '1940-41
cotton loans. Release of cotton. cU. S.D Natl. Arch. Fed. itegis<
ter 6(92):2361. May 10, 1941. (Published in Washington, D. C.)
Amendment No. 5—1940-41 C. C. C. Cotton Form 1— Instructions.
U. S. Dept. of agriculture. Commodity credit corporation. 1940-41
cotton loans'. Time and manner of loons and purchase* cU. S.D
Natl. Arch. Fed. Register 6(92) i 2361* May 10, 1941. (Published
in Washington, D. Ok) 169 Ml
Amendment^ 11 o. 6 — 1940-41 C. C. C. Cotton Form 1 — Instructions.
U. S. Dept. of agriculture. Surplus marketing adninistrat ion. Cot-
ton-stamp plan regulations and conditions. cU. S.d Rati. Arch.
.Fed-. Register 6(89): 2302-2303. May 7, 1941. (Published in
Washington, D. C.) 169 F31
U... S. Dept. of agriculture. Surplus marketing administration. In-
structions to vendors. Baled raw cotton. Program K-la. 4pp.,
processed. Washington, D. C. , 1941.
Contains instructions to vendors delivering "baled raw cotton
under contracts with the Surplus Marketing Administration.
U. S. Office for emergency management. Office of price administra-
tion and civilian supply. Raw materials for cotton textiles.
Price schedule No. 7 — combed cotton yarns. cU. S.D Natl. Arch.
Fed. Register 6(102): 2561-2562. May 24, 1941. (Published in
Washington, D. C.) 169 F31
See also Items nos. 1482, 1507, 1630, 1631.
MISCELLANEOUS . QEffE&AL
c American cotton manufacturers association. Committee on rulesD
Special taxes on cotton attacked. Daily Hews Rec. no. 99,
pp. 1, 7. Apr. 28, 1941. (Published at 8 East 13th St., New
York, N. Y.) 286.8 N48
Resolutions adopted at the annual convention held in Augusta,
Georgia, April 24-26, 1941 are given. The resolutions opposed
processing taxes on cotton and changing the present system of
designation of staple lengths in terms of common f met ions of
cAmcrican cotton shippers association. Committee on futures contract
and legislation Weighted average differences given okay of
ACSA. Two of three New York cotton exchange proposals endorsed;
CSA trading limit eyed. Cotton.' Trade Jour. 21 (18) : 1, 2. May
3, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg. , Now Orleans, La.)
Text of report submitted to the> annual meeting held in
Memphis, Aoril 25-26, 1941 is given.
Bennett, H. K. In place of cotton. 4pp., processed. Washington,
U. S. Dept. of agriculture, Extension service c1941d 1.96 Ad62
The author gives a "brief account of the work of the Soil
Conservation Service in the Cotton Belt and comments on the-
• Department of Agriculture 1 s 1941 supplementary cotton program.
1632* Chance, George. What the cNationalD cotton co-uncil means to Texas
and the nation. Cotton Sinners' Jour. 12(C): 7, 10, 12. May
1941. (Published "by Texas Cotton Ginners' Association,. Inc.,
109 North Second Ave. , Dallas, Tex.) 304.8 C824
Address "before the annual meeting, Texas Cotton Ginners 1
Association , San Antonio, April 3-5, 1941.
1633. Co-tton spinners become part of National council. All "branches of
cotton industry now united in effort. Cotton Trade Jour. 21(20) :
2, 4. May 17, 1941. (Published at Cotton Exchange Bide?:., New
Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
"The new affiliation, planned- jointly by representatives of
the Council and a committee of- the American Cotton Manufacturers
• • - Association, was unanimously approved "by the Association at its
annual convention in Augusta, Georgia, late last month."
Also noted in Cotton Digest 13(33): 4. May 17, 1941.
1634. cDelta council 3 Fortune's Buell addresses Delta council meeting.
Oscar Johnston unable to attend and deliver scheduled address.
Cotton Trade Jour. 21(22): 1, 7. May 31, 1941. (Published at
Cotton Exchange Bldg. , New Orleans, La.) 72.8 C8214
Report of 6th annual meeting held at Cleveland, Mississippi,
May 30, 1941.
1635. DePencier, Ida Brevad. The cotton industry. ' Illustrated 'unit of
work. Instructor 50(7): 39. May 1941. (Published by F. A.
Owen Publishing Company, Instructor Park, Dansville, N. Y.)
Bibliography, p. 40.
A well illustrated article containing instructions for
teaching the subject in elementary schools.
1636. Fairchild publications. Retail selling division. Selling cottons.
Daily News Pec. no. 97, sec. 2, pp. 1-32. Apr. 25, 1941. (Pub-
lished at 8 East 13th St., New York, N. Y.) '286.8 N40
This supplement, prepared for the information of retail sales
people, discusses the subject of cotton from the raw material to
the finished product, with particular reference to fabrics and ■
1637. Flood, Francis.- South America has surplus form products, tool
Their cotton piled up and they burn corn for fuel. Farmer-
Stockman 54(9): 241, 257. May 1, 1941. (Published at 500
North Broadway, Oklahoma City, Okla.) 6 0k45
Development of cotton cultivation in Brazil is discussed.
"Brazil farmers now grow cotton equal to ours in quality, for a
much lower cost, and their handlers ship it more efficiently and
deliver a better bale in England than we do and for less cost."
1638. Hamor, W. A. Pure and applied science research at Mellon institute,
1940-41. Science 93(2421): 498-500. May 23, 1941. (Published
at Grand Central Terminal, New York, N. Y.) 470 Sci2
"The multiple fellowship of the Cotton Research Foundation made
excellent progress in increasing cotton tire cord strength and
flex-life, in rising cotton lint, linters, and cottonseed hull
fibers in paper making:, in preparing cottonseed proteins and
activated carbons, and in evaluating the nutritive properties
of cottonseed. meal and its constituents."
1639. Jo'urnees d'agroiioinie colonial e, 29-30 Janvier 1937. 452 pp.
Louvain, Belgium, 1937. 5 J82 1937
Partial contents: Egrenage du coton, ses relations avec les
methodes de culture et de cueillette c Ginning of cotton, its
relations with methods of cultivation and of picking: by L.
. Brixhe, pp. 95-109; Schommel ingen in de vezellengte bij katoen
• • teeltseizoen 1935-36 c Variations in the length of cotton fiber,
season 1935-363 by M. Waelkens, pp. 110-114; La culture du coton
dans le district du Congo*~Ubangi cCultivation of cotton in the
Congo-Ubangi district: by C. Leontovitch, pp. 216-221; Etude
comparative sur la floraison des cotonniers au Texas (E. U. A.)
et au Maniema (Congo Beige) ^Comparative study on the flowering
of cotton in Texas (United States of America.) and in Maniema
(Congo Beige): by Willie Mees, pp. 222-223; Quel que s considera-
tions sur Prodenia litura. Fab. (Lepid. Noctuide) depredateur du
cotonnier [Some considerations on. Prodenia litura. Fab. (Lepid.
Noctuide) depredator of cotton: by P. Henrard, pp. 312-314;
Maladies et insects nuisibles du cotonnier dans le district du
Congo-Ubangi cDis eases and insect pests of cotton in the -'Congo-
Ubangi district: by C. Leontovitch, pp. 315-331.
1640. Mann, E. A. United States exports of textile nanuf actures increased
in 1940. U. S. Dept. Com. Bur. Foreign and Dom. Com. Indust. Ref.
Serv. Ft. 12, Textiles and Related Products, no. 19, pr^. 1-8.
Mar. 1941. (Published in Washington, D. C.)
"United States exports of cotton and other textile fibers and
manufactures thereof were valued in 1940 at $346,845,000 as
against $357,441,000 in 1939. Unmanufactured cotton accounted for
a value of $215,662,000 in 1940, compared with $242,965,000 in
1939. Exports of all other textile fibers and manufactures in-
creased in value to $113,183,000 in 1940, from $114,477,000 in
1939, a gain of $18,706,000."
1641. Nickerson, Dorothy. The illuminant in color matching and discrim-
ination. How good a duplicate is one illuminant for another.
Ilium. Engin 36(3): 373-399. Mar. 1941. (Published at Mt.
Royal and Guilford Aves, Baltimore, Lid.) 291.8 116
"A. paper presented before the Thirty-fourth Annual Convention
of the Illuminating Engineering Society, Spring Lake, New Jersey,
September 9-12, 1940."
"Results of studies made in the color-mea.surements laboratory
of Agricultural Marketing Service. .. are presented in charts and
table form. They include studies of 18 illuminant s , actual and
theoretical, several pairs of samples expected to show large col-
or differences under a change in illuminant, and 30 samples of
cotton, the product with which this laboratory is chiefly con-
cerned. The final results ere summarized in a table which gives
a relative rating of. illuminant s as substitutes for each other."
1642. Re suit ado del convenio entre los hilanderos do algodon del pais para
la adquisicion de materia prima. Argentine Republic. Junta
Nacional del Algodon. Boletin Mensual no. 70, pp* 67-70. Feb.
1941. (Published in Buenos Aires, Argentina) 72.9 Ar3
Results of a conference of cotton spinners on acquisition of
raw material. The text of an agreement regarding purchases of
cotton, signed by the spinners is included.
1643. cSouthern textile association. Piedmont divisions Proposed mill re-
search of Southern textile ass'n. Recent Textile foundation
appropriation °f $5,000 will help to start research projects un-
der a\isrices of Arkwrights — Piedmont division recently discussed
some of the kinds of tests that might be made for southern mills.
Amer. Wool and Cotton Rptr. 55(17) : 11, 13. Apr. 24, 1941.
(Published by Prank P. Bennett & Co., 530 Atlantic Ave., Boston,
Mass.) 304. G W88
Report of meeting, Charlotte, N. C. , April 12, 1941.
1644. Symmes, Fred W. c American cotton manufacturers associations Tex-
tile Bui. 60(3): 5. Apr. 1, 1941. (Published by Clark Publish-
ing Co., 216 West Morehead St., Charlotte, N. C.) 304. C So82
An editorial discussion of the value of the Association to
Texas cotton association. Addresses delivered in the thirtieth
annual convention. . .Dallas , Texas, March 21-22, 1941. 24pp.,
processed. Waco, Texas, 1941.
Contents: Address by A. Starke Taylor, pp. 1-6; Address by
Everett R. Cook, pp. 7-11; Address by Francis G. Hickman, pp.
13—19; Extemporaneous remarks by Simon Williams, pp. 21-24.
Textile research group, foundation plan closer action. cSdward T«D
Pickard, named secretary of institute, to devote full time to both.
Daily News Rec. no. 116, pp. 1, 8. May 17, 1941. (Published at
8 East 13th St., New York, N. Y.) 286. C N48
A plan, for closer cooperation between the Textile Foundation
rand the United States Institute for Textile Research, is given.
Also noted in Jour. Com. cN. Y.D 188(14536): 8. May 17, 1941;
Cotton Trade Jour. 2l(2l) : 7. May 24, 1941.
Wickard, Claude R. The South' s stake in the battle of Britain. 13
pp., processed. Washington, U. S. Dept. of agriculture, 1941.
Address before the annual meeting of the North Carolina Cotton
Growers Cooperative Association, Raleigh, North Carolina, May 13,
"The only sensible course for the South in this present crisis
is to keep cotton acreage down to reasonable limits; to try to
place idle manpower in industry to the fullest extent; to protect
the soil, to diversify, and for the government to continue to
protect the income of cotton producers until the world chaos
begins to clear."
1646* n/illiams, Ben Jo Ben J. Williams mover, up-, named ACSA president.
"Defense, program is the supreme task of the nation," he says in
acceptance. Cotton Trade Jour. 2l(l6) : 1, 5. May 3, 1941.
(Published at Cotton Exchange Bldg. , New Orleans, La.) 72.8
Extracts from address "before the annual meeting, American
Cotton Shippers Association, Memphis, April 25-26, 1941.
Also noted in Cotton Digest 13(31) : 3-4. May 3, 1941.