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scientific knowledge, policies, or practices. 









Grown from Bud Selected 
and Certified Varieties 


“SINCE 1890 


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To customers buying- an order of Nut Trees over $20 we offer a collection of 5 of the 
very finest varieties of Japan Double Pink Cherry. Flowering Crab, Flowering Red Leafed 
Trees, Flowering Almond, Double Red or Pink Flowering Peach, for the names of two 
friends interested in nuts. Favor us today with your order and receive this beautiful 
collection. Select your Premium Trees from our new “Commercial Planting Guide.’’ 


Filberts, Walnuts, Chestnuts and Almonds are all very profitable nut crops of the 
Pacific Coast. Plant a nut orchard and reap golden profits in a very few short years. 
Our nut trees are grown from record bearing strains budded to the type of root system 
best suited to your area. Send today for our complete “Commercial Planting Guide and, 
Condensed Price List” of Fruit and Nut Trees for Pacific Coast. Nuts are a heavy 
bearing, non-perishable crop. 

“Big- Profits Obtained from Filbert Orchards” 
at Nine Years Old 

C. L. Vonderahe of Oregon City, Oregon, Rt. 3, Box 50, sold this last year: $450 worth 
of filberts from two and one-fourth acres of nine year old Barcelona trees. He sold them 
to Baker, Kelley & McLaughlin, Inc., of Salem, Oregon. Mr. Vonderahe writes us he 
expects nearly twice as heavy a yield this coming season. 

Immense yields of more than two ton per acre are very easily obtained on rich river 
bottom or deep hill soils, when your orchard comes into full bearing at 15 years or older. 
Reported yields of 75 to 100 lbs. on 20 year old trees is not uncommon. 

THE PACIFIC COAST. From British Columbia to many parts of California the filbert 
is very prolific. 

i FILBERT: Culture is profitable enterprise on this coast 

The following facts and suggestions are earnestly offered to Prospective Planters of 
Filbert Trees, and as a successful guide to producing a profitable grove. 

Ideal soil and climatic conditions found in certain parts of Oregon, Washington, Cal¬ 
ifornia and British Columbia have proven to be exceedingly well adapted to the culture 
of Filberts. Many groves in these areas planted in the last ten to thirty years- have 
proven very profitable as commercial investments for their owners. Regular bearing 
habits and heavy yields make them favorable to plant. They enjoy an amazingly strong 

Page 2 

Include Nut Trees in Every Planting 

market position, placing- them at the top- as a farm crop. Young groves at five years old 
produce a paying crop. Reported yields of 25 to 30 lbs. on 8 year trees, 30 to 40 lbs. on 
10 year trees, 60 lbs. on 15 year, and as much as 100 lbs. and more on 25 year old trees, 
would positively indicate that they aie paying profits far in excess of ordinary farm crops. 

The filbert industry is young and future possibilities are immense. This growing 
horticultural entei prise is past the stage of experimentation. Definite methods of plant¬ 
ing, pruning, cultivation, harvesting and marketing, have been successfully developed. 
Consumption of filberts in the IT. S. in the past few years has made rapid strides and 
today is consuming more than 30 million pounds annually and which amount is mostly 
impoited, showing a great field for expansion of the filbert industry on this coast. The 
metropolitan centers of the East and Middle West have tasted our Western grown nuts 
in the last few years and brokers from those sections flood our nut marketing organiza¬ 
tions with early orders to insure securing a highly flavored filbert for their trade. Tihe 
quality of the Western grown filbert is far superior to the foreign filbert imported chiefly 
fiom Sicily, England, France and Italy. European competitors are compelled to pay 5c 
to 10c per lb. tariff. Their new crop does not reach us in time to catch our holiday season 
and is often stale and rancid on arrival. Rapid growing co-operative nut selling organ¬ 
izations in Oregon and Washington are ready to take care of your crop. 

Filberts are used by large manufacturing industries in cakes, cookies, candies, bread 
and ice cream, as well as sold daily, as a healthful food to an ever increasing appetite of 
the nut consuming American. They are a healthy nut. rich in flavor, easy to crack, 
clean, readily digested and high in food value. 


Every farmer, orchardist, berry grower, poultryman and small home owner in the 
Northwest should have some filberts planted at least for his own use. The poultryman 
will find the filbert a very convenient and non-perishable crop to have growing in his 
poultry yard. The farmer having land suited to their culture can well set aside a small 
acreage for their growing. They will prove to be his best investment. Coming into pro¬ 
duction a’t an early age and requiring only limited capital to bring on- to a point where 
they are productive and paying good dividends at four and five years and doubling that 
production rapidly, they can well be considered a good investment for the thrifty laborer, 
owning land, who is seeking a safe investment to take care of his needs in later years. 
Bankers, professional men and merchants find them a safe investment. Berry growers 
often use the filbert as a follow-up crop when pioduction slows down with their berry 
plants. Planting them at the same time as the berries, they find them in good production 
when the berries run out. This works as a double investment for the grower. 


Filberts adapt themselves to weather conditions far better than any other farm 
crop. Untimely rains do not affect their winter and early spring blooming habits, as often 
occurs with many fruits. Fall rains do not injure this hardy nut at harvest time. Crop 
failures are unknown where properly pollenized. In Oregon and Washington filbert trees 
have withstood temperature of 15 to 20 degrees below zero and produced crops the fol¬ 
lowing spring. To date we do not have any serious pests to cause excessive spraying. 
Filbert trees in England are still bearing at 150 years old. 


The filbert will, no doubt, adapt itself to a greater variety of soils than most trees 
grown for commercial pioduction. They, however, respond to good soil and extra cover 
cropping with vetch, rye and good barnyard fertilizer, or commercial fertilizer. The r- 
d'nary heavy valley loams, rolling shot or loam soils, and sandy river bottoms found in 
Western British Columbia, Washington, Oregon and parts of California will produce abun¬ 
dant crops. Many fine groves are found adjacent to the Canadian border at Lynden and 
Everson, Washington. Also at Everett, Bellingham, Sedro Wooley, Seattle, Tacoma, Che- 
halis and throughout Clark County, Washington, are found many fine productive groves 
and trees. Throughout the Willamette Valley in Oregon are found many commercial 
groves which are very profitable. In the Rogue River Valley of Oregon is found several 
very fine orchards grown both under irrigation and without. California plantings up to 
cisco and in the mountainous section near Nevada City, but filberts will thrive in many 
sections of California and bear heavy, profitable crops. 

Filberts respond to cultivation and thrive best where water tables are low and should 
not be planted on sour, heavy soil. 

Certified Yields 

A. G . Holman of Albany, Oregon, reports a yield of over 2 lbs. average on a block 
of 1200 Barcelona trees 4 years old (accurate weight totalled 2717 lbs.). The same block 
averaged 5 lbs. their 5th year. R. W. Grant of Vancouver, Wash., reports a yield of 

Beautify Highways with Nut Trees 

Page 3 

5 % lbs. average on 120 DuChilly trees their fifth summer and 2% lbs. average their fourth 
summer. A local grower of Brixnut filberts secured a yield of 22 lbs. on 8 yeai tiees. 
Individual yields on 6 year trees at Eugene show as much as 15 lbs. but from our records 
■would state that the following yields may be expected where proper nursery stock is 
planted where soil condition is of average fertility: Six year old—300 to 600 lbs. per acre 
or 100 trees; (8 year old—750 to 1200 lbs. per acre; 10 year old—1000 to 1500 lbs. per acre; 
15 year old—2500 to 3000 lbs. per acrefc 20 year old—from 3000 to 4000 lbs. per acre. 


Filberts often set on trees planted the first and second year, proving them to be 
very eager producers. Before entering into this subject we wish to state that soil fer¬ 
tility, cultivation and pruning will govern production to a large extent. Six >eai tiees 
often produce 5 to 8 pounds of nuts. 

Seven year trees in our own grove have 
produced 22 lbs., but averaged around 
14 pounds to the tree per acre. Yields 
reported from various growers in the 
Willamette valley show that 9 to 11 year 
trees vary from 15 to 35 pounds per 
tree. The scion wood for our grafted 
filbert stock is taken from trees with 
a record of 45 to 60 pounds in their 
12th year. Mature trees have borne 
more than 100 pounds in Oregon. At 
prices far below the average now re¬ 
ceived per pound by Oregon filbert grow r - 
ers, we consider that they would still 
be a safe and profitable investment. 

More than 4300 pounds were taken from 
an acre and a quarter at Linneman 
Junction, near Portland. Cost of pro¬ 
duction is very low compared with many 
horticultural crops. No expensive ma¬ 
chinery, sprayers, driers, trays, or lad¬ 
ders are needed in the production of 
filberts. Rain nor frosts have any effect 
on this winter blooming crop. They 
have withstood very severe weather at 
blooming time and bore heavy crops. 

Filberts fall to the ground early in the 
fall and are picked up and stored in 
boxes, where good air circulation can 
take place. We suggest that trees be 
kept in tree form, as this will be a great 
aid in cultivation. 


We offer two distinct types of Nur¬ 
sery Crown Filbert Tiees. Each meth¬ 
od carries certain distinct advantages 
adaptable to certain soil conditions in 
various sections along the coast. We 
will gladly aid you in selecting the 
right root stock for your locality. 

Figure 1—Crafted Filbert tree Figure 2— 

on New Suckerless Turkish Transplanted Tip 

Root Stock Layered Tree 

GRAFTED SUCKERLESS TREES—We are the originators of this method of propa¬ 
gation in nursery grown filbeit trees. After finding but one fault with a filbert grove on 
its own root (the continual suekering at the base of the tree) we decided to loctk deeply 
into the possibility of eliminating this fault and the consequent annual expense. Taking 
the- matter up with the Department of Agriculture we found the Turkish filliert (Corylus 
Oolurna) to be our salvation. We found in this root stock all the advantages any veteran 
nurseryman would seek. Reports on hardiness from Ontario, Canada, indicated that this 
tree would stand 50 degrees below zero on well drained soil. Similar reports came from 
New Hampshire of their hardiness; also from Geneva, New York, come repoits of its 
hardiness. Henry Huntting’s Barcelona orchard at Silver Creek, Washington, grafted 
on Turkish root, is now 9 years old and is one of the finest orchards in Washington for 

Page 4 

Plant Nut Trees—Avoid Crop Failures 

its age. Records kept by Mr. Huntting show that not a single tree in this block has 
been lost by blight. A check made two years ago on brown stain by the IT. S. Dept, of 
Agriculture from Corvallis showed less than 3 per cent brown stain on this root while 
adjacent Barcelona trees on own root showed as much as 25 per cent infection. Brown 
stain, however, was only seasonal and has never appeared again along the coast. There 
is no question about the superior resistance of the Turkish root. 

The Carlton Nuisery Company have adjacent to Carlton more than 15 acres of the 
Barcelona grafted on Turkish root that are bearing heavily the finest of quality filberts 
and we invite any prospective planter to visit our orchards and ascertain by personal 
contact the true facts concerning this type of orchard grown on the New Non-sprouting 
Suckerless Root System (known as Turkish Root). We guarantee them to be as repre¬ 
sented, free from base suckers and will prove a great money saver to any filbert grower. 

Much difficulty was experienced in getting a foundation laid for the propa£®Mon of 
this Turkish root stock. After receiving some of the nuts and small trees fC’hi t he 
Government we set out to find a source of supply in Austria or Turkey. Careitn com¬ 
parative checks showed that an orchard of this Turkish filbert had been planted within 
our own state 15 years previously, by error, the owner thinking he was planting the 
Italian filbert. Observation of this orchard for over 23 years proves them to be entirely 
free from base suckers, tiue tree form, a rapid grower, free from blight, drought re¬ 
sistant, deep rooted and highly productive. 

We offer grafted on this Turkish root all the standard proven sorts of filberts, such 
as Barcelona, DuChilly, Brixnut, Daviana, Clackamas, Halles Giant and others. True 
certified bud selection is made for the piopagation of all our stock and this sort of cul¬ 
ture is your assurance of planting a strain of nuts that will not only bear quality but 
will bear quantity, as we have selected buds from trees that have a record of producing 
45 to 60 lbs. of filberts dining their 12th year. 

If you wish to plant only the very best stock obtainable in filberts today we strongly 
encourage you to set this stock grafted on the Suckerless Turkish root. An orchard 
grafted on this Turkish suckerless root stock will not only prove very profitable to the 
planter but will prove a source of pleasure to grow. 

Plant Only the Very Finest of Filbert Trees. Our New Type of Grafted 
Filbert Tree on the Turkish Suckerless Root Stock is Far 
Superior to Anything Now Offered 

This tree is exceptionally deep rooted like the walnut tree. Well adapted to a wide 
range of hilly soil, well drained valley land, and under irrigation. OUR OWN OR¬ 
CHARDS ON THIS ROOT STOCK prove their great superiority over our original plant¬ 
ings on their own roots. They produce large, well filled filberts with wonderful flavor, 
The tree is a very rapid grower. Our 45 years experience in successful orchard growing 
and as reliable and competent nurserymen stand behind the Grafted Filbert Tree.. CARE¬ 

'FREES WITH POLLEN 1ZERS GRAFTED INTO THEM. These are very heavy bear¬ 
ing trees. 


Each 2 trees or more 

4 to 6 ft ...:. $1.50 $1.25 

Select Heavy Two Year .. $2.00 $1.75 

JNote enclosed p ice list for low prices offered on commercial planting sizes for all 
grades of filberts, etc. 

Tip Layered and Heavy Nursery Grown Transplanted Filbert Trees 

Many conflicting statements have been made regarding so called tip layered or trans¬ 
planted nurseiy stock on its own root. Nefarious and unfair nurserymen have made 
broad statements about these types of trees being free fiom suckers, after setting out 
in orchard form. These statements are untrue and such statements should be imme¬ 
diately branded as false. 

Transplanted filbert trees are secured in our nurseries by lining out so called tip lay¬ 
ers in the nuiseiy row. The roots of this lining out stock are pruned back heavily before 
planting, in the nursery row, to eliminate as far as possible all the old root, which causes 
undue sprouting or suckering at the base of the tree for many years to come, after plant¬ 
ing has been made in your orchard. However, we assure you that if suckers are properly 
taken off Of the base of the tree in your orchard during the first ten years of rapid growth, 

Nuts Ale the Best Substitute for Meat 

Page 5 

ycu will have a grove more or less free from base sprouting. Do not be misled by un¬ 
scrupulous nurserymen who state that their tip layered or transplanted filbert trees will 
grow an orchard free from suckers. It is not true. 

This transplanted filbert tree will produce a fine orchard that will bear the finest of 
fi'berts. Our trees are well grown in fine sandy loam, iich in fertility, ,and we can assure 
you of the strongest of root systems obtainable on this sort in both two and three year 

Tip layered trees are taken from the mother tree the first or second year, depend¬ 
ing upon the root system obtained. We consider that better root growth of highly dis¬ 
tributed laterals will be obtained if this so called tip layered stock is lined out in the 
nursery row for one or two years. However, we offer these to planters at a great sav¬ 
ing in Price owing to the little cost of producing a tree of this sort. Our late price list 
will d^ote cost of this tree. Many of the present profitable groves of filberts on the 
Paei? c Jslope were planted with TIP LAYERED TREES AND TRANSPLANTED NUR¬ 
SERY GROWN STOCK. This type of tree will produce a fine orchard and will adapt 
itself to most any kind of soil. 



After several hundred years of cultivation in England, France, Spain, Italy and Sicily 
there are probably three good commercial sorts to plant today for commercial use. Rank¬ 
ing as named in greatness of acreage now planted, Barcelona, DuChilly and Brixnut. 
These sorts, however, must be pollenized with other sorts of merit to insure heavy an¬ 
nual yields as will be denoted under their respective titles. The chief variety planted 
commercially today is no doubt the Barcelona nut and is highly recommended by our 
leading horticulturists as being one of the best nuts for high productivity and commercial 
value. The DuChilly is widely planted particularly in Western Washington where they 
have proven very profitable. The Brixnut is widely planted in Oregon and Washington 
and is rapidly gaining favor with discriminating planters as an immense producer of 
extremely large, highly flavored filbert, since being introduced in 1914. Note photographic 
cuts of nuts for size of this filbert. 


A large, round nut, fully self husking, rich in flavor, kernel uniform in size, clean 
of pellicle and very prolific when pollenized with about 15 per cent DuChilly, Daviana 
and White Aveline, alternated by setting every third tree in every third row to a pollen- 
Izer. Tree a strong, upright grower. Most widely planted of all filberts now grown. 


A large, long nut, about 50 per cent self husking and balance readily husked by 
machinery or by hand, finest of quality demanding a premium over Barcelona, often 
used as a main commercial crop and bears exceptionally heavy when pollenized with 
Clackamas, Alpha or Gassoway. We strongly recommend the Clackamas used every third 
tree in every third row, or alternated with the other two. Tree is not a strong grower 
and should be planted slightly closer when used as a commercial crop. 


An immense, large, round nut, fully self husking, very rich in flavor, extremely clean 
of pellicle, a very certain producer owing to its late blooming period in February and 
March, by escaping some very unfavorable weather in January, and should be pollenized 
with every third tree in every third row planted to Halles Giante. 

The “Brixnut” was developed in 1914 near us at McMinnville by C. T. Brixey, a 
pioneer nurseryman. We have kept in close personal observation of this nut and see a 
great future for those who plant this sort. Growers offering Brixnut have received a 
premium of as much as 10c per pound over Barcelona when this nut was first offered 
commercially. At present merchants are willing to pay a premium for this nut, owing 
to the immense size and exceptional quality of the nut. Note photograph for size. 

The Brixnut tree is a very vigorous grower but should be pruned heavily while 
young as it has a strong tendency to come into bearing at a very early age. Nuts should 
be picked off until the fourth year for best success with this sort, as the growth will 
be retarded when left on the young trees. Growers of the Brixnut have formed a very 
active selling organization for this particular nut, receiving a premium over other sorts. 
Anyone planting this nut can join the “Pacific Coast Brixnut Association” at McMinn¬ 
ville, Oregon, and sell their output through this organization at a very small cost to them. 

We are certain that the Brixnut will outbear any other standard sort of filbert of 
equal age and we offer the following estimated production for Brixnut trees, taking our 

Page 6 

Beautify Your Laivn and Garden with Nut Trees 

computation from the production figures of other standard sorts: 

Age of Orchard 

No. Trees 
per Acre 

Min. Aveiage 
per Tree 

Min. Average 
per Acre 

Income per Acre 
at 15c per lb. 

Fourth year 

1 100 | 







Sixth year 

1 100 1 






Eighth year 

1 100 1 


lbs. | 





Tenth year 

1 100 1 







Twelfth year 

1 100 1 


lbs. | 





Sixteenth year 

1 100 1 







Twentieth year 

1 100 1 








Plant Brixnut filberts on that vacant land you now own and in a few years you will 
have an Income that will serve you or your family better than life insuiance or an in¬ 
come from so called “gilt edge securities or bonds.” Write today for more information 
about this wonderful filbert. 


A long, striped nut of the DuChilly type, excellent pollenizer for Barcelona and 
DuChilly; not planted commercially, quality good and tree a very strong, upright grower. 


A large, round nut, quality excellent, tree a strong grower, extremely large catkin 
producer of pollen and highly recommended as a pollenizer for the DuChilly. Use in 
every third tree in every third row. 

Halles Giante 

A very large, round nut, very similar to Brixnut, can be sold as Brixnut and used 
as the most certain of pollenizers for the Brixnut. Tree a strong, upright grower. Nut 
is excellent quality. Plant only with Brixnut, every third tree in every third row. 

White Aveline 

A small, long shaped nut, very thin shelled, excellent quality, very prolific and used 
only as a pollenizer for Barcelona. If you desire to set only two trees we recommend 
this sort with the Barcelona. 

“Alpha,” “Gassoway,” “Montebello,” “Nottingham” are offered by us to commer¬ 
cial planters desiring these sorts as pollenizers. 


Peculiar blooming habits of filberts make it necessary to plant, as pollenifiers, dif¬ 
ferent sorts of pollenizeis with Barcelona and DuChilly when using either of these for 
main commercial plantings. By using more than one sort you extend your pollen period 
over a longer season, thereby insuring a much heavier yield, catching both the early 
and late blooms of your commercial sort. This feature is important. 

Our Walnut Trees Win by Comparison 

Page 7 




“X” denotes 

your commercial 




“P” denotes 


position for 

placing all 

pollen izers. 



X X 



X X 







X X 



X p 







X X 



X . X 







X X 



X X 







X X 



X ■ p 







X X 



X X 







chart is given as a 

guide only 

to planters 

who do 


wish to 


matter up directly with us. On large commercial plantings of either Barcelona, DuChilly 
or Brixnut we supply individual charts to suit the planter’s personal planting after be¬ 
ing staked out. Write us for yours. For those wishing to set only one tree in their 
yard we offer top grafted sorts with two or more varieties grafted in to insure the small 
home owner of a bountiful yield. Note page 5 for price of this tree. 

Distance for Planting- 

Filbert trees should be planted 20 feet by 20 feet either the square or diagonal method. 
The square method x-equires about 108 trees to the acre. Add 15 per cent for the diagonal 
method. On heavy, rich bottom soil of exceptional fertility it might be well to plant 
70 trees ot the acre at 25 feet each way. DuChilly trees are sometimes set commercially 
at 16 feet each way, owing to their not attaining as large a size as the Barcelona or 
Brixnut tres. 

Prices of Nursery Stock 

Note our General Price List for prices on all varieties and sizes of Albert trees, or 
Rl>ecial Price List contained separately in this catalog. 

It has been our most sincere aim to give only facts herein which would aid in clarify¬ 
ing the minds of those interested in planting a Albert orchard. Too often horticulturists 
have left their students in a quandry as to what is best to plant and how to pollenize, 
to insure the very heaviest of production. 

We shall endeavor at all times to deliver to our customers only the Anest, thriftiest 
and most vigorous of high quality Albert trees, giown on the best of fertile soil and 
having strong, healthy root systems. We also assure you that our prices on Albert trees 
are consistent with reliable and competent nurserymen and should we offer special val¬ 
ues at any time will in no case sacriAce grade or quality. Special rates on lots of 100 
or more. 


In the past 45 years we have been engaged continuously in the growing and shipping 
og Highest Quality Nursery Stock, Fruit Trees, Nut Trees and Ornamentals to all sec¬ 
tions of the country. Success in planting nut or fruit trees depends solely upon the 
selection of certified buds taken for propagation from trees with a record for bearing 
quality as well as quantity and to have these fruit or nut trees budded upon the proper 
root systems adaptable to various soil conditions. We accept this responsibility. 

l plants Grafted Vrooman Franquette Walnut Trees 

$ A Certified Proof that Walnuts Pay Big Profits $ 

My ien acres of 1*2 year old Franquettes bore eight tons 
in 1931, bringing me 20c per lb. At 13 years the same tract 
bore ten tons in 1932. I have about five acres of young 
Franquettes coining into bearing this year, making a total 
of 15 acres 1 now own. I anticipate from 12 to 15 tons of 
nuts this year from the 15 acres, ten acres which are 15 
years old and five acres which are nine years old. My in¬ 
come will be more than $3000 from this tract this year, 1934. 

C. N. Collins, 

$ Gaston, Oregon. C 

The culture of walnuts throughout the Pacific Northwest has reached such propor¬ 
tions that it bids fair to become one of the richest horticultural crops in this distriat. 
Having weathered the adversity of early experiments, in the way of planting, type of 
soils, varieties, and ways of marketing, we feel safe in stating that the commercial plant¬ 
ing of grafted walnuts throughout Oregon and Washington may well continue with safety, 

Page 8 

Nuts Require Little Pruning 

bearing in mind the essentials needed or used in the laying of a successful business en¬ 
terprise of any kind. 

Th mere fact that the consumption of walnuts throughout the U. S. is increasing 
annually and that we are consuming annually more than a pound to the person, should 
relieve the most skeptical persons of any thought oL over-production for many years to 
come. About 60 per cent of all the walnuts now consumed in the U. S. are imported 
annually from Prance, China and Italy. The balance is being produced on the Pacific 

ADAPTABILITY: Oregon and Washington have proven to be particularly suited to 
the production of high quality Grafted Franquette Walnuts. Favorable soil conditions 
ir. the Northwest, quqality of nuts secured, low priced soils available for the planting of 
walnuts, and low taxation are but a few of the factors which will eventually make the 
Northwest a leader in nut production. Co-operative marketing, proper distribution, and 
general advertising have already placed the Grafted Franquette foremost in its field. 

In the following paragraphs, we shall make an effort to establish the proper essen¬ 
tials for the successful planting and growing of a commercial walnut grove. 

VARIETY: After many years of experience in handling and growing grafted walnuts, 
we have discarded practically all varieties excepting the Vrooman Franquette for com¬ 
mercial plantings. This variety has proven to be the best yielder, highest quality, and 
most hardy tree for the Northwest, blooming late enough to insure regular crops of 
finely filled nuts. This combination cannot be found in many sorts. 

PROPER SOIL: What is true of other commercial fruit trees of the Northwest is 
also true of the walnut. They do best in well-drained soil, clay loam and mellow soil 
of the valley prairie, upland hills, and lower land, where the soil has good texture and 
good drainage. Avoid soggy and all white land. 

DISTANCE PLANTED: This is a matter of choice, left to the planter, as many 
successful walnut planters vary on this. It is a matter to be decided by each individual 
planter. Plantings are being made from 40 to 60 feet apart, but probably the best and 
most used distance, where walnuts are set alone and without fillers, is 40x60 feet. 

FILLERS USED: When planting a walnut orchard, owing to the fact that they 
are large growers, and require plenty of room when in full bearing, the planter must 
arrange his distance so that when walnuts are large they will have sufficient room to 
take care of themselves; and this means the walnuts require a greater distanct than 
any other fruit tree. 

To make the land work to full capacity, where grafted walnuts are planted a long 
distance apart, we suggest the use of some good filler, and where location, soil, etc., are 
suited, the following fruit and nut trees are often used with success, bringing good div¬ 
idends to the grower from the 3rd to the 5th year. Peaches, pears, filberts and Mont¬ 
morency Large sour cherries have proven in the past to be very profitable where in¬ 
terset with grafted walnuts. Reference to our general catalogue will show the number 
of fillers required to interset at various distances. 

In the meantime, while the walnuts are coming into full bearing, and do not requqire 
more room, the filler tiees can be removed in part or all, and the planter has realized 
good money by doing this. 

CROPS GROWN BETWEEN ROWS: To bring in a revenue, while the orchard is 
young and a non-producer, intercropping can be practiced with walnuts, where planted 
alone, and as well where planted with any other crop. Any cultivated crop can be grown 
for four years at least, and in some cases longer, such as potatoes, berries, beans, corn, 
strawbreries, etc. In using a cultivated crop, your orchard is properly worked, which 
is very necessary to trees, and at the same time it is paying to you, and you are not 
at an expense, such as clean cultivation would entail, where no crops are grown. At 
the time the orchard begins to bear, or has produced a good growth, all intercropping 
should be stopped, and clean cultivation given to the orchard. 

CULTIVATION: Walnuts should, the same as ail other fruit trees, receive the 
necessary cultivation; either clean cultivation should be given, or intercropping prac¬ 
ticed. Uncultivated ciops, such as grain, hay, etc., can be grown, by leaving a strip of 
several feet along each side of tree rows, and the same to be kept cultivated. We, how¬ 
ever, do not recommend this; they will do well, yet not so well as where the entire ground 
is worked; for in this country, it is very necessary that we conserve all moisture possible 
for the benefit of the orchard. 

For the young planted grafted walnuts we suggest thorough hoeing be given them 
at least three times each season. It is well to do this at intervals of about three weeks, 
starting in the middle of May and carrying on into the summer. This will insure the 
young trees of securing enough moisture to make rapid growth. A young tree properly 
planted and cultivated, will, at the end of three years, glow to a height of 10 to 12 feet 
and will carry a nice top of five to six well formed limbs. 

1IOVV TO PLANT: In setting walnuts, the hole should be dug roomy enough to 
receive roots, without crowding, and should be set about two inches deeper than where 

Our Filbert Trees Bear Heavily 

Page 9 

they stood in the nursery row. Top soil should be put in first and the dirt gently firmed 
as it is being put in (do not ram norpound dirt in), and see that roots are imbedded 
in a natural way, and not crowded. We contend that a hole made good and roomy, 
enough so to receive the tree in good shape without crowding, is better, for we believe 
that, by having the hole right in size, about 3 by 3 feet, trees make a better start the 
first year, and are not so liable to dryout. In piuning the roots when setting, they 
should be given each one a clean cut at ends with a sharp knife; this also applies to 
the tap root. There is nothing technical about setting trees: only necessary to use good 

TIME OF PLANTING: Walnuts can be set, beginning in the fall and throughout 
the winter and on up to spring, this being true also of all trees. Winter setting is pie- 
fevred, for the reason that in setting in the winter, they get started off with a root sys¬ 
tem as spring opens up, and in setting in the spring they have to make this root system 
before they can start; and if it should happen that we had a dry season, the winter 
planting will not suffer, as 1 those set in the late spring. 

SOURCE OF SCION WOOD: Our long experience as nurserymen and orehardists 
has proved to us that the selection of scion wood for propagating is the most essential 
factor in the securing of quality and high productivity. The first grafted walnut trees 
grown and sold in the Northwest prove that there was a big field for selection, as the 
most of them were of very poor quality. The scion wood for our nursery stock is taken 
from the best of Grafted Vrooman Franquette walnut trees, having records in production 
and quality. This is the best insurance for your future walnut grove. 

ROOT STOCK USED: We consider, after many years of experience in growing 
grafted walnuts, that the California Black Walnut is far superior to any other type of 
root system. They make excellent unions, are strong and hardy growers, and will pro¬ 
duce a commercial tree at 8 years far superior in size to those that have been grafted 
on the Eastern or American Black Walnut root. This is a proven fact and can be pointed 
out to those interested. The American Black is being used by some growers but is found 
to produce a constriction at the union, which is considered a serious feature by propa¬ 
gators. Our stock is grafted high enough from the ground to safeguard against the loss 
of trees by mushroom rot, which often occurs where trees are improperly grafted close 
to the ground. We suggest the use of tree protectors the first and second year on all 
young trees. 

HOW WALNUTS ARE PRUNED: There is a difference of opinion with many suc¬ 
cessful walnut growers as to methods of piuning, and this is mostly to be worked out 
by each individual planter. 

The most used and popular style of pruning, up to recently, has been to start a 
high head, around six feet and higher. Another system of pruning is to cut the tree, 
when set out, around and under two feet high, but in cutting low be sure that you have 
a sufficient number of good buds left to start trees off. After a tree is cut back, the 
several buds which you have left will start out; let them grow until they are far enough 
along for you to determine which one will be the best and strongest; then take off all 
of them, leaving this selected one to grow up and make your tree. In the meantime 

set a stake by the tree to train this new branch to, and the second year train center 

lad up to 7 or 8 feet. Let branches form at this point. 

The height to start w 7 alnut head, and system of forming, should be left up to the 

planter, he to make his selection from the several systems, for it is up to him to make 
his own orchard, and each one has his own way of getting at the same results. 

We have had years of experience in trimming and handling fruit trees, and will 

say that the first few years’ life of all trees is the most critical time of their life; and 

this is the most important time to get your trees started off, and to get them started 
off right; and to force quick and early growth, it is necessary o do it by cultivating and 
pruning. The necessary amount of trimming which should be done to trees acts as a 
stimulant, and is a great factor in the early 7 life of the tree. Trimming and pruning 
of walnuts is confined chiefly to the first period of their growth. After a well formed 
head is secured nature takes care of the tree to a large extent. 

WALNUT YIELDS: Soil conditions, air and surface drainage, cultivation and cover 
cropping with proper green forage, will have a great deal of control over production in 
many groves. The Grafted Vrooman Franquette is an early bearer of fine walnuts, often 
setting nuts the second and third year after being planted. The following yields are 
taken from our own groves and reliable walnut statistics. At eight y 7 ears a yield of 30 
lbs, and over is not uncommon in the Franquette, making them a commercial asset from 
this period on. Nine and ten year trees often produce 40 to 80 lbs. Ten to 12 year or¬ 
chards are ranging from 80 to 100 lbs. We have records to show that in parts of Cal¬ 

ifornia single trees have produced from 500 to 700 lbs. A very conservative estimate 
for trees ranging from 12 to 14 years old would be around 2000 lbs. per acre where plant¬ 
ed 40 by 40 feet each way. Walnuts are capable of bringing the grower several hundred 
dollars per acre, after attaining fair size. 

Page 10 

Our Nut Trees Have Vigorous Branched Roots 

Orton Griebler of Gaston, Oregon, produced on his Grafted Franquette orchard west 
of Gaston an average yield of 45 lbs. of green walnuts on 17 1 / 2 acres 8 years old, or 
11,500 lbs. of green nuts from this orchard planted in 1924. This crop was harvested 
the summer of 1932. The average shrinkage in drying would be about 30 per cent, leav¬ 
ing him over 8000 pounds or 4 tons of dried Franquette walnuts from his 17 % acres at 
8 years old. On 28 acres of trees planted one, two, and three years later, he received 
more than four tons of green Franquettes. 

Eugene Hubbard of Dundee, Oregon, harvested on one acre of our Grafted Franquette 
walnut trees (or 28 trees) 240 pounds of dried walnuts at six years old. He had peach 
trees planted with these w r alnut trees for fillers and realized several hundred dollars 
on them the fourth and fifth year. 

HARVESTING WALNUTS: Grafted walnuts usually lipen in the Northwest in the 
fore part of October. The first fall rains helping to break the hull, the nut drops to 
the ground. They are then picked up and taken in and washed. The washing is now 
dene by perfected machines for this particular puipose. There are several reliable ma¬ 
chines offered at this time. After the washing process, they are dried in dryers, with 
a heat of about 90 degrees. This temperature will insure finely flavored walnuts. From 
36 to 60 hours are required, according to the type of dryer used. Many small plantings 
are being handled with hand washing troughs and improvised dryers, which turn out 
fine nuts. Those who are near commercial walnut dryers will find them more economical 
to patronize. 

WHO ARE PLANTING: All classes of people are planting walnuts—farmers, land 
owners, orchardists, professional and business men. Busines men say they are planting 
walnuts because nature will produce them an income, regardless of the ups and downs 
and fluctuations of business activities, such as business lines are subject to, thus elim¬ 
inating the business worry which goes with business. 

A STAPLE CROP: Walnuts aie a staple commodity, non-perishable, and every in¬ 
dication leads one to believe that, with our ever increasing population the market and 
demand will increase heavily. The fact that the walnut crop of the Pacific coast is one 
,of our richest horticultural crops proves it to be a staple industry. 

CONSUMPTION OF WALNUTS: The Year Book of Agriculture issued by the U. S. 
Government for the year 1927 shows we imported from foreign countries the following 
amounts of w'alnuts: Shelled w r alnuts, illuding to the meats alone, 20,979,000 lbs.; un¬ 
shelled walnuts, 25,706,000 lbs. This means an importation equqalling 65,000,000 pounds 
of unshelled walnuts for that year. Previous years show similar importations. New 
methods of using and consuming the walnut throughout the entire year have caused 
tremendous consumption of this commodity. Prices now received for our grafted walnuts 
show heavy advances over the foreign nut. 

CONCLUSION: Looking back over the steady progress made in the past years in 
nut production in the Northwest and the constant demand for this staple product, it is 
sate to state that an acreage planted to good Grafted Vrooman Franquete Walnuts will 
become a real asset for those seeking a safe investment. Nut growing is confined to 
a very small area of the U. S. and the prices received for them have shown a steady 
increase over a long period of years. An orchard planted with our Grafted Vrooman 
Franquette trees will be a good source of revenue for you. Submit your list for quota¬ 
tions on large plantings. 

! A NEW] Certified Pollenizer for Grafted Franquettes 

We have in the past advocated the planting of Grafted Franquette Walnut orchards 
without using a good pollenizer. A few years back we labored under the impression 
that Franquettes did not require a strong pollenizer but were self fertile. Many yearn 
ihe Franquettes bear heavy crops without cross fertilization but under the strain of 
present economic conditions, we must be assured of a good to a heavy crop annually. 
We have never before offered a Certified Pollenizer for the Franquette but can assure 
any planter that his yield will be highly increased by the use of our new pollenizer 
Major. It is now being used by one of the largest bearing orchards in Oregon and is 
f roving a valuable aid as a very profitable pollenizer and has increased the yield where 
used, as much as thirty per cent. 

THE MAJOR POLLENIZER: A large walnut of Franquette type, thin shelled, 
well sealed, blooming about five days after the main catkins on the Franquette, a vig¬ 
orous grower and hardy. You will produce thousands of dollars worth of additional 
Franquettes with this pollenizer. 

Include Nut Trees in Every Planting 

Page 11 

[plant! New Varieties of Whole Meated Black Walnuts 

Plant that waste land to New, Large Meated Hardy 
Grafted Black Walnuts. Enormous yields obtained at an 
early age. Rapid growing habits of these new types of 
black walnuts make them very desirable for timber and 
shade trees. Extremely hardy. Large meats easily ob¬ 
tained from these easy-cracking, grafted black walnuts. 
Hardy in every state. Will polletnize Franquette trees. 

We offer three new sorts of Grafted Black Walnuts, namely: The Thomas, Stabler, and 
Stambaugh Black Walnuts. These sorts are extremely hardy and will serve many of our 
colder sections along the coast with a very profitable nut. They make beautiful shade 
trees as well as being very prolific at an early age. Three year trees often bear many 
fine, large, thin shelled nuts, proving that they are early producers. They are very rapid 
growers and will succeed in Canada, Washington, Oregon, California, Idaho and through¬ 
out the U. S. 

Row 1— 

Grafted Stabler 
Black Walnut 

Row 2— 

Brixaut Filbert 

Row 3- 

Fuller Chestnut 

Row 4 - 
Grafted Thomas 
Black Walnut 

They are recommended by the Dept, of Agriculture and are bearing heavy in their 
native states in the Middle West and East. 

Page 12 

Samples Mailed of Any Nuts on Request 

The flavor of these three wonderful Black Walnuts is without question the verv 
finest. Both are easy to crack, produce large meats when cracked, make wonderful fla¬ 
vored candies. The black walnut retains its true flavor after cooking and is very pop¬ 
ular with bakers, candy manufacturing companies, and in the use of ice creams. 

The easy cracking qualities of these New Grafted Black Walnuts cannot be com¬ 
pared with the old black walnuts. They produce large meats and will be profitable to 
anyone wishing to plant a commercial orchard. You will not have any worry as to their 
hardiness as their home is in Pennsylvania and New York, as that is where these orig- 
lnted, and were first brought into bearing. It Is not hard to crack this type of nut so 
that whole halves are secured. 

Varieties to Plant 

THOMAS: Very large, thin shelled, splendid flavored, easy cracking nut. A fast 
atid upright gtower. Large meat obtained when cracked. Heavy bearer in 5 years. 

STABLER: Nut medium size, but excellent cracker, thin shelled, excellent flavor. 
Tree is prolific bearer. Kernel comes out easily, often not divided, so the meats can be 
extracted in one piece. Bears early. 

STAMBAUGH: Large, thin shelled nuts, easy cracking, and fast growing tree. Does 
well planted with Thomas or Stabler. 

NOTE: Refer to photograph for picture of Thomas and Stabler Black Walnuts. 

PLANT UNPRODUCTIVE LAND: These Grafted Black Walnuts will thrive where 
any black walnut will grow. It will pay you to plant this unproductive land to these 
nuts. The timber will be valuable in years to come as well as the big crops of black 
walnuts that you will harvest. Wiite for prices on large plantings or refer to enclosed 
price list. 

i CHESTNUT 1 Growing On the Pacific Coast 

Present indications show' encouraging possibilities for Grafted Chestnut groves on 
the Pacific slope, particularly in the Northw'est. Chestnut growing in the East is no 
longer a profitable industry. Disease and weevil have caused heavy losses to their groves. 
The West has never suffered fiom these adversities. 

Bearing groves in Oregon and California show very heavy yields at exceedingly early 
age. Trees of the giafted type are paying good at seven yeais and will, under favorable 
Conditions, produce more thn 125 pounds to the tree at 10 years. Yields of 2000 to 4000 
pounds per acre may be expected from trees 12 to 15 years of age. The fact that we 
are capable of producing fine chestnuts that are sold in car lots at 15 to 20 cents per lb. 
and that we are importing many millions of pounds of chestnuts from foreign countries, 
should interest the progressive horticulturist. The future for chestnuts will no doubt 
bo good. The cost of producing and harvesting this crop is nominal. They require no 
special spraying, pruning or thinning. The nut falls free from the burr. 

Chestnuts will adapt themselves to ordinary orchard soils with proper drainage. For 
large, rich, brown, glossy nuts far superior to those of our foreign competitor, we are 
leceiving a premium of 5 to 8 cents per lb. Chestnuts produced in the Northwest show' 
beautiful color, well filled buirs, large size and heavy tonnage. 

The following sorts of grafted chestnut trees are proven sorts for this coast and 
a variety should be planted to insure good crass pollenization. This stock will be income 
producers at seven years. 

Some of the following varieties were originated in Illinois and are hardy for the coast 
section w r ell up into Canada. The chestnut industry has dropped out entirely on the 
Atlantic coast owing to blight. This coast has never been affected with the so called 
Oriental Chestnut Bark disease. The following article is taken from the U. S. Dept, 
of Agriculture year book on page 482 of the 1927 edition, showing a great field for chest¬ 

“There are three known orchards and grove plantings of chestnut trees in Southern 
Illinois which for many years have annually given highly satisfactory yields. Nuts from 
these trees (fig. 166) have readily brought from 18c to 30c per pound in Chicago, depend¬ 
ing upon the grade and market conditions, less commission and shipping charges amount¬ 
ing roughly to 5 cents per pound. These nuts normally mature in time to reach the 
maiket well in advance of the imported product from Southern Europe, w'hich retails 
at about half or two-thirds these prices. Nevertheless, even in competition with for- 
tign nuts, the late home grown varieties have an established reputation which enables 
them to command a margin in price of several cents a pound during the early part of 
th import season.” . 

Chestnuts will respond to the same cultivation, fertility, drainage and cover crop¬ 
ping as a walnut grove. Chestnuts do not blossom until summer time and are sure 

The field for expansion in the chestnut industry is great. Markets are good, and a 

Nuts Are a Non-Perishable Crop 

Page 13 

grove of chestnuts will prove to be a valuable asset to any farm in the Pacific Northwest. 

Pecans are well adapted to the warmer 
sections of California. They require a deep, 
rich soil, with ample moisture and good drain¬ 
age. The large, thin-shelled, budded varieties 
which are now propagated exclusively, are 
far superior to the seedlings of a few years 
ago. Do not ripen in Northern states. 

Price Each— 1 to 5 C to 10 

4 to 6 ft. grade .$1.75 $1.50 

3 to 4 ft. grade . 1.50 1.25 

2 to 3 ft. grade .. 1,25 1.00 

Write for prices on larger quantities. 

BURKETT. Nut large, almost round, thin 
shelled; kernel well filled and of good flavor. 

The tree is vigorous and a heavy cropper in 
California. Plant Halbert of Success with it 
as a pollenizer. 

HALBERT. Nuts rather small, almost 
round, and thin shelled. Kernel of delicate 
flavor and excellent quality. A heavy pro¬ 
ducer and bears when very young. An ex¬ 
cellent pollenizer for other varieties. Self¬ 

SUCCESS. The most widely planted var¬ 
iety in California. Nut large and oblong. 

Shell medium thin, parting freely from the 
kernel, which is plump and of fine quality. 

Tree vigorous and a sure cropper. One of 
the best for the home orchard. Self-fruitful. 


A beloved forest giant of the East whose 
rough, hard-shelled nuts have provided pleas¬ 
ure for many foraging parties. We have 
grown some trees for those who wish to plant 
along this coast. They bear well here. 

Strong 3 foot trees .$1.25 

Grafted Chestnut Bearing First Year Planted 

f plant! Grafted Chestnut Trees tor Early Profits 

The following sorts of Grafted Chestnuts are mainly hybrids of known quality in¬ 
troduced by the Government and reliable nurserymen both in the Middle West and Pa¬ 
cific slope. They bear exceptionally young and yield amazing crops at six to seven years 
old. Ordinary orchard soil will produce a wonderful chestnut and even some of the 
heavier soils grow wonderful trees. Chestnut trees should be set from 40 to 50 feet 
apart, using- from 27 to 17 to the acre, and can be interset with fillers of peaches, cher¬ 
ries and other commercial fruits or berries and made to bring you an early income. These 
new grafted sorts are crossed with the European and American sorts. 

COLOSSAL: A very large chestnut, deep brown, glossy color, strong grower, excel¬ 
lent flavor and often growing to a size larger than a fifty-cent piece. Falls free from 
the burr. 

FULLER: Medium size, exceedingly fine flavor, exceptional bearer, and a fine keep¬ 
er. One of the best sellers to the chestnut-buying foreign population. Falls free from 

LARGE AMERICAN SWEET: An extremely large nut, highly colored, ripens early 
- and demands best of price. 

ROCHESTER: Fine size, excellent quality, very prolific. A strong grower. Falls 
free from burr. 

QUERCY: A large French sort, of fine glossy color. Prolific and fine quality. An 
early bearer. 

Page 14 

Send for Condensed Commercial Price List 

PROGRESS: Medium size, fine flavor and strong grower. 

CHINESE HAIRY CHESTNUT: A large, sweet, blight resistant Chinese sort. 

CHESTNUTS FREE FROM FROSTS: Chestnuts do not bloom until May and June 
and are seldom if ever caught with frost. They are hardy and grow to be enormous 
trees. You will realize good markets and good prices for them. 

ADVANTAGE OF GRAFTED CHESTNUT TREES: The great trouble with our na¬ 
tive American sorts is that the pellicle or inner skin is enfolded in creases in the meat 

of the nut. This is not found in the above sorts of grafted hybrids. 

particularly well along this coast. At present many planters prefer this type of tree to 

the grafted sorts. The size of the nuts and bearing habits of this tree are quite uniform 

and bring excellent returns, and at good prices. They are exceptionally strong growers 
and make beautiful shade trees, with large dark green leaves. The nuts are large, 
sweet and excellent quality. Large crops are often produced on very young orchards. 
Plant several trees together for good pollenization. Note enclosed price list for prices 
on quantities. 


Almonds are one of the most profltible nut crops on the Pacific Coast. They bear 
well in the Northwest as well as California when proper combinations are used to insure 
pollenization. Write us for full details. 

Two or more varieties of Almonds must be planted together, in the right combination, 
to secure successful pollenization. Good combinations are Nonpariel and Drake or Texas, 
Nonpariel and Ne Plus Ultra, Ne Plus Ultra and I. X. L. 

DRAKE: A good commercial nut because it bears uniform crops and adapts itself 
to all almond districts. Medium size, almost round, with a medium soft shell, plump and 
well filled. A good pollenizer for Nonpariel. 

NE PLUS ULTRA: A widely planted and popular almond, chiefly valuable bceause 
of its very attractive outside appearance and its generally large size. The nuts are 
large and long with a soft, corky shell. A good pollenizer for Nonpariel. 

NONPARIEL: Probably the most valuable commercially grown variety in California 
because of its excellence for shelling purposes and its habit of beatirig regular and uni¬ 
form crops. Medium size, soft shell, with plump, elongated kernels. 

I. X. L.: This variety brings the highest prices for nuts marketed in the shell be¬ 
cause of its clean, attractive appearance. Medium sized, elongated, soft shelled nuts. 

TEXAS: Now one of the most popular almonds commercially because of its ex¬ 
tremely heavy, consistent crops of small, soft-shelled, plump nuts, excellent for shelled 
kernels. A late bloomer and good pollenizer for Nonpariel and Drake. 

NOTE ENCLOSED PRICE LIST for prices on almonds. Special prices quoted on 
lots of 500 or more. 

IN CONCLUSION: Our stock is cultivated, not irrigated. The deep, rich, sandy 
loam of our Tualatin Valley Nurseries enable us to supply strong, hardy, vigorous trees, 
with highly developed root systems. We have thousands of satisfied customers and 
solicit inquiries from new customers and commercial planters. We assure you that 
your order will receive our careful personal service and attention. Submit your order 
today with confidence that you will receive the very finest of quality in fruit or nut 
trees. Note our guarantee on enclosed price list. 


Copyrighted Since 1890 


Plant Carlton Trees for Success 

Page 15 

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