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vr^.ttOA?, BOSE (105-1122) 

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Rt Bona letter V/lH/60. 

that he 




omed that 

had b«en sentenced to three 

rlaonaent for having written letters threatening the sssssslnstlo 
of President Eisenhower sod that as the tlae he was held for investigation 
was to be counted as part of his sentence served, he was to be released on 

was to be coi 

7A/60. <4h 

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On 5A 8 / 6o ^bL eBelOMd 51 pages c^atorlal concerning the -%-y 
police action agalniu^|^pwere received fraaflIHBn this aaterlal /• 

it appears thatj|Hradaitted widi in^h^nttcx* la gueitlo^^a typewriter 
belonging to his brother-in-law* flH| AlthoughJPHrst first 
elained an Algerian had Influenced hia to write the letter»*hs later admitted 
that he had said this In order to avoid complete responsibility for his acts , 
and confessed that he had no connections whatsoever with the PU (Algerian 1 
Front da Liberation Rationale • Algerian Freed©* Front) ^ Be claimed the sol* 
rtt mmcm for his ac tions was to obtain a pardon for CAHTL CHESSMAI. According 
to ■MHHVheexpected to obtain no my for hi s act ivit y h a d CHE8SWAI 
bee^pemoBedTijHBfstated that he had received the phonograph record v?-.yv 
concerning CHESSNAB from OEOBQE DAVIS* CEESSMAX's defense counsel with who* 
he had corresponded. This is the msstflag lAlck **• Xater sent to the Bsstatt 
newspaper "Badisches Tageblatt." JBH^has a cri minal record oftwelve arrests 
from I9h2 to 1959. Including convictions for forgery and frsud./j^ 

mV VV SHf s 

of twelve 

l -(&y % 

froa 19^2 to 1959# including convictions for forgery and ftraud.(jjr) _ ; . 

The enclosed nsterlsl in the Osman language has not been ' ; 
translated* as this is not considered necessary. (Jjj 

Any further lnforaatlon which aay be received is this natter ^ ^ 

will be transaitted. -y. j/// ' ’ 

will be transaitted. 

hot record to 

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Dear Gentlemen, 

El Paso, 

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Mr. Pnr-a-nf. 

Mr. Hi-lmont ... 
Mr. Callaliart.-.- 

\ Mr. Dc Loach 

Mr. Malone. 


• i . , _ 


Mr. J . 

Mr. V. .i ..Sullivdh 

Trie. Jiuoin, 

Mr. Ingram 

I write you this letter to tell you what I feel about you. 
sure your satisfied about what you did to Chessman. ^T/j 

a Oanrfy 

Now that they found the real man that you- wanted Terranova 
you don't want him to have any evidence because then all the world would 
know that you are nothing then murderers. 

Now I wonder what your going to do to the real man. Torture 
him, like you did Chessman for 12 years. Or your going to let him go so .• 
nobody will know, he was the real one. 

You couldn't wait to find the real man. But you had to 
sentence Chessman to the; gas chamber, did you?- 

I bet you have not sent no magazine or paper to Europe that 
says that you've ipund the real man. No wonder they call that judge "the 
hanging judge. I hope the .'death of Chessman will chase you to your 

I hope Argosy reporters will keep their promise to Chessman 
& clear him for good. , _ , 

L nt'y 

P. S.' And it was the governor's fault. 

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RESEMBLANCE? Is there a resemblance between' Saverio 
T erranov a.; left, and Caryl Chessman, right? Picture shown 
of Terranova was talten from Los Angeles police files. When 
arrested here. Terranova wore a mustache* 

El Paso Herald - 
El Paso, Texas 
June 25, 1960 

enclo'ou-^m// y<- /y f : c 


In the first weeks c v > 'J-^^M.os Angeles was ter- 
rorised by a series of entnes in which a car 
equipped with a red spotlight, similar to those 
used on police cars, preyed on couples parked 
in lovers Ituies. The couples were relieved of 
cash and property, and in ninny rases the girl 
involved was molested. Descriptions of the han- 
d'll and his techniques varied, but most os reed 
'hat a red spotlight was used. I .oral papers 
called these I he Red Eight Bandit Crimes.** 
On January twenty-fourth, the day after the last 
of the Red Light com plaints. Chessman . with 
his friend Darid Knowles, held u/> a clothing 
store. He was caught in a wild gvnshol-piuiclti- 
ated chase not jar from where same of the 
Red Light crimes had been committed. He had 
a had record, a wise-gny altitude and was a 
known cop hater. The police decided they had 
their Red Light Bandit. 

ffll 10:U".l5 n.m.. on May second, a handful of 
^"*■1 van ire pellets plp-one'l mU* t'l'ir doae’’ aenj 
hath and a smell of peach i«Io — tilled the sum!!. 
given room. A minute later. Caw'' (.I'essma.i throw 
hack his in a final ,«o:indi<» ' heck!'- and In- allied 

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ii ) !*•<•#» seconds after the start of the -pis gei- • 

Hies sluit oj Chi''.' cum ( let l } taken 'ti n i(n\‘s u n " nrrest tnoio 
date above number) shows targe, da rk scab o> ' id (sec also 
full ‘face shot on joeing page). Police m edict' report. t;p’»n\ 
•tnr.n date, says: * % i\o marks, seers or bruise*. r>*ne claim e. I," 
Police, to date, give no e.xp'awition for apparent tli<crcpni i.-v. 

t :••• er the pr '.-sure of a deadlu- - the, 
y*‘ </ \.H ! ‘ t 'h • " reporters ha! veil 
lacv.l, Hyoedfiei:'- r.-ui working nig:.: and" 
“ C.'icssi •.-•■■ s private im estimator, 
Vi.'t.i.: . Ji. Lira...'?, and his .v.toroevs, 
0 T. D.ivi? and Hosalic Asher, in a 
c.esperate altemp-. to un.-arth, after twelve 
>curs. ’lj'v evi;;..-'ce of 01ic>snian*s in- 
nocence. An :ation cr tl trial vvU 
aonco ^vouM Bo to convince any 

inry CKeMi c.n us not gi»5*y of the 
t’ve >ckinaj)pinj;-\-i.'X ■ flenses for which he 
yas * citen-cd to c.eatli. Brit lh> fourt 
cl H’> i' < re-liear a case on us merits once 
a j* ji > y* > passed on it. The liijrh courts 
were ’> it crest eil <u*ly in nctr vvi<lcnc% 
-.lic-i *\ ord in*U! \v.*.> on the Uri: 1 of im- 
eaithm^ a li.ui i on the WVq CoaM. 

stmoh m*: oku’k to our investi- 
gation vm>: C:iu* .na;i himself. Ue hail 
c.oeu.c* air realms which nave not yet 
!><ve.. e . completely vicar, that lie would 
ra. er ui. ?! an la known as a stool pigeon. 
11c re?"- s! to ! -in ns discover who the 
•cel Lid ! .:c.!>; in edit was. ail'- .nigh it 

fa d Light ;V 
, ’* 1 tiial ] -.• 

:a*u was. 

■k Working on }>■ p pills and coffee, Lin- 
WoouSeici and I cheeked ont lead 
«“-r lead. The answer, which appeared 
two days after my arrival, was ironically 
contained right in. the police records and 
tried testimony. 

It nad lieen a long time since anyone 
had seriously gone into the records of the 
original crimes. For the past seven years. 
Car s halt! s had i)een fought purely 
’ a gal ground-.. I lie seven-ye ar figure 
was to prose significant. 

-•’* Ine i*c, a. . ' records of Chessman's 
original grilling by the police at the time 
of his arrest, \ve found what we were look- 

I In* guy son want is '■.-'Tanova,” 
ChiNOa.Mi told, ‘be cops ha. k in J.inuarv 
i' ; iti'i.s. "lies been pulling III - spotlight 
c. i max m*I»s. " 

?!«.' wctil on to i*ive »•. i^otier;*! tlo.scrip- 
tioii ct l-u* lies about five feet ten 

im-lk’S fail, ISO pMm<!s ? utk.* a talker " 
('iu‘<>!!!au :ol«! tht’in. 

i In* cop* at lie tone appavoi.riy weri l/t 
- » !veate ae oottv lihinnj Terr.tnova 

VnoJ^kl concehahly he the Ked Light 
‘ Terra nova was quest ionod. 

No 1)150(0 of r rranova was shown to the 
victims of the v.d Li.uht Bandit. Terra- 
!V>va was a £ a figment of Chosnau's 
well-known. \ imagiu.a’. ion, apparently. 
The police cpiest’-oned (kV ssman for three 
days before booking him. Reports indi- 
cate that he ;ost more than twelve pounds 
during that period. Kita’V, say (he cops, 
he broke down made some damaging 
ad miss: ons that univineed them they had 
the right man. C nessm.'Ji claimed he was 
beaten., kicked i:i the groin, hit the 
stomach, and otherwise persuaded to t dk. 
Three witnesses who w* o p, the enmity 
l*.gb-pi>w«*r tank with O.cvmt.m ' *<««.*« ! 

that in* showid »*\ itlviuo ol having Brea 
Brutally \\i>ik<\i over. ? *»e prosecution 
produced a manner of witnesses who sail l 
they ((hint see Chessman worked over. 
Certainly it \va > the ku d <>! a beef made 
■>y every habit -»:d erimiiMi who has : ido 
<tamagiug ;uh.:Ksio:is to tb»- polie*. i he-;,- 

num uatiud 
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LrtKVL CHESSMAN was caught 
in a police bap shortly after 
comn'ssion of dozens of bestial 
se ■ "’■itnes on women and girls 
n Los 'T^sles area. When 
he .vis cai -Hr. ali victims iden- 
ti'-w h : .Ti stively and he ad- 
;T!'tiSd the :.r'mc-s. He is also 
be'nveci ":o have committed 
n.^Eer. Ha ’’as neve , ‘ repented 
of these c» nos, one of which 
sent a girl straight to a mental 
hospital, where she awaits only 
Che -smart', death for 3 full re- 
covery. ns. - an evil genius 
who. by a se-ies of amazingly 

c!t.-.r and •'.vo-ved legal gim- 
micks. has- managed to take 
advantage or cur court system 
to s.ay alive { *f longer Tan he 
had any right to. He is a de- 
p-a-'3d and confirmed ss:< ma- 
niac and deserved no better fate 
than the ga e chamber. 

This myth, distorted as it 
was, vas in its effect. 

o’most to to the day of 
Cr e ssman'r death; paper often 
referred to i J in as a murderer, 
racLt, or both. A few days after 
his execution, the New York 
Ho ?'d Tribune, in a two-co'umn 
headline, stm implied that he 
war a killet . 


CH-33MAN v-as caught in a 
chase involving a clothtng-store 
holdup, one cay after the last 
. of the Red Light crimes. Neither 
f’t-: nor his car answered ce- 
script ons then existing of the 
Ro<! Light Bandit. In net, until 
he was captured, it was as- 
sumed that there was r-'-c-e 
than one such bandit. Identifi- 
cations were vague and in most 
cases made without benefit of 
a police lineup, usual in such 
procedures. The girl victim of 
the Red Light bandit did not go 
to Camarillo State Hospital un- 
til nearly two years after she 
’■'•'as attacked. No psychiatrist 
has been willing to say her men- 
tal INness was caused by the 

Chessman had an 1.0. of 
about 130, far above average, 
but far below the genius ’evel. 
His ability to keep his case in 
court so iong had been largely 
due to admitted judicial error 
ancf the many serious gaps, in 
proper conduct of the trial. All 
psychiatrists who have ex- 
amined him declared he was 
‘brcapable” of committing the 
sex-crimes with which he was 

: ::\ 1.1 1: ,11 ,- \ , 

iiiii! • : j - --it :*. 

U tm t£ii«-s{ if-ti ,,l l!u-v In -tin-,, 

tfiat Aucosv f.-ictl up an ii>(vrvMiM' : - w 
puint of uvidi-ii-.-v. It sj., ,. > -,p t 
die pl«it<>gru|i*»i '.ecom’-i.i’V snj» this story. 
A. police ineti-cal report, it. i ted l, ,.0/48, 
t'.vo days .lit- r C Ju-sssna.i arrest, re;i'L; 

/ / 1 a- v I.- —cilfH til\ i,o n<, His, 
‘‘•ms ->r br.ii'c, . : . ,., t - 1 ! I," !t -- ;<■,! 

oy two .police -v. eiea! o!ii:- ; t|s. . 

Vet. .» pu!: •- 11 m" s’-.-t of i:lu-s>n'.-.!i 
iitkep. till ' Milov day rewais a seal'. bis 
lorel.eaii as -a a as two postage sta'iips. 

^ ay was ties ’*.ot tnenlio n-i| in the police 
■ " ‘.aval eNitmi-i.ttion? A later entry sr the 
medical repo:'., dated 3 13/ -IS, sa\s: 
“Aitar call tre e Al Matthews (the- public 
d. render), subject was bronplit b.e 
ra-ni-pecticn . . . subjeit claims m t.- < e- 
itaiv line anil r/a ■ - 1 to . a ■ / • :r "ridti. As t 
recall in:> after talking to hi;.- this 
morning wiien itrst inspection ocinrrcd. 
t!>e nan was bragging of having nothing 
\yroug with, him and of not beiiv: sick 
alter being aske'i by the v.ndersiitneci. 

Tnis acicliticti to Chesynati s record was 
written three months after his alb. getl 
beating, it is obviously an attempt re ex- 
plain away the cat on Chessman’s head 
which had shown up ; n all the photo- 
graphs taken cf Chessman at the time of 
his police booking. 

V.'hy did the police fail to make rec- 
ord of that cut at the timer of Chessman’s, 

Chessman’s main enterprise in 1948 he 
nas admitted, was sticking up and shaking 
doM n brothels and bookie joints, most of 
which were operating with police p-;tec- 
tion. This rh-v much to explain i.l un- 
popularity with tne law a. mind L. A. at 
this time. 

Shortly after Chessman’s arrest, ik, po- t 
lice released to a 'ensatio- : weekly ne\VS- 
.parxr life inrt . -. tion that Ches-n i - . d 
att -eked a gir: '-d Joyce Tet-.ts ■ 1 


• : “ s - d also liven a number of 
: -icx criir.s attributed to/ 

■vi . y p ! ’cr. a:- - alleged he he.of 
essec. to an of them. So official roc- 
•■ f taoe rb'vcd off'i’v-:, either ri Ac 
of a coatr'.aint cr a jt-oVee report, has 

: appeared. 

c: it was subsequently proved that 
Peterson tv*t induced to «ivc false 
■inony, that die w.;> a prostitute, a 
I'titre acijuaiiitaiice or Chessmans and 
no! civ.. ■ o; die P'.'-iv -dominated or- 
•.dee scene of the -bos Angeles area. 
IVt.rsen • aec''! r.s were never 
>eeiiteo. ,i vee iVtcr.Min disappc.ucG 
'tly alter t lis ini-idem and has never 
yen attain. It is our belief, and was 
at I la "lean-, that il she is still alive, 
eonld lie I' to explain this puc/.lieg 


illK it .S 111 

''ikely ill 

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r.e L. A. ci'ji.s’ 


l.uve nch 

u like tiiat? 

In a natieuul 

m*.? art’de or.iy , 

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out that 


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lint time ecu- 


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anil p ■*!! 

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ritics 'brought- •{ 

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orrupt depart- 

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wf.j in 19-1S. 

tdJMi mvr./ 

y’ice oi ail sorts, the article claims, i'our- 
'•'•’l-jABu'.ring this peri ic. “with the con- 
ttie police. “ Fhc cops were on 
the troc all over town," the article states. 

As to whether L. A. cops niiitht have 
been capable of brutality at that time, the 
record, as cited in the same article, is that 
do l iny ties period, Los Angeles suffered 
one ot the biggest police-brutality scandals 
in its nistory. Result? Parker condmted 
a probe i, w.-tli lie detectors, normally one 
ot his fi-ierno devices'. Ho tnnieil he 
evidence over to" the Police Beard of 
Rights. Venlict: “Eight officers were in- 
dieted and four went to Sail Quentin or 
the county tail. Two others were dropped 
from the iorce. and another thirty-six were 
officially reprimanded." 

So eor.-ater the possibility that (1’i-ss- 
!na» s claims ol police brutality were truth- 
ful, especially when looking at the evidence 
Siiown fere, which California’s Clemency 
Secretary C.ecH Poole told the writers had 
never before been called to his attention, 
ibis is or.o of the pieces of new material 
toe governor ri d his staff considered too 
eniinporl to bother delaying an execu- 
tion oxer. 

i he 'Cor'd piece of evidence, however. 

was svnai set i.atitorra.!. hack on its facts. 

Cheeking into the background of the 
n, >!y '’S'Sjjtk Terranova, of whom the 
P<'Ik "tflftl no rvord, we found tiiat 
Prosecutor ^"Miller Leavy also had trou- 
ble Believing that such, a person as Terra- 
nova existed. 1 here was no sign of him 
anywhere. “Joe Tcr'anova, Leave said, 
was a fiction, ’ one of these pipe dreams 
which always turned up in the alibis of ha- 
bitual criminals. It was certainly true that 
Terranova was Chessman's principal alibi. 
It was Terranova s at he was caught in. 
Chessman claimed, and it was Terrain v. 
who had had pi-sse.vo • of the ear at tin 
time of tiic capital crimes winch took 
place in the days before Chessman's arrest 
on a clothing-store holdup rap. Terranova, 
if lie t e.rned lip. wight sew up the prose- 
cutions case hy proving he was elsewhere, 
or he wasn’t the inan-or he might ho the 
leal lied Light bandit. 

Check-’iig a little further, we found that 
such a mar as Terr;. :ova did exist. Wc 
found, in fact, a man named Cba-*'- Saver- 
ine Terranova, who fit the victim'' descrip- 
tions of the Light Bandit to a T, right 
down to a scar over iLc right ere. (as .first 
described by the state's star utti ss, teen- 
age Mary Alice Me*, t. who was the \ieii:. 




f ■ 










Same Cl e soman 

George T.’ Paris 

... - - • -;y 

Page Two 

Now the world is about to learr.' about those facts. For the 
first time people wall have the truth about the Chessman case 
presented by a completely impartial source. They will be able to 
decide for themselves whether I am guilty or innocent. And what 
impresses me most is that Miit Xachiin emphasized to me, even 
after all the time and money the Argosy people had spent in their 
investigation, they weren't interest ec in sensationalism or scoring 
a boat. They were and are interested in seeing justice rena, in 
having the truth known. If I survive — and now certainly I have a 
fighting chance — it will be in large part through the efforts of 
t' is magazine and the human beings behind it. And even if I am 
executed , I kr.ow that you, with attorneys Rosalie Asher and A1 
Kirin, and the People at Argosy will continue to fight for rr.y 
pc .strumous vindication. That is what I want, above all else, for 
I am satisfied it will help more than anything else to reveal the 
senseless futility and barbarism of the death penalty and the 
real, ar.d terrible dangers involved when citizens of a state demand 
vengeance above truth. • ' 

' ’*;-. *■ ; I* T< : <a 7 • -> 

cc to Miss Rosalie S. Asher v yy 

A; - : ■ * ; Vrv 

One j' Chet, 
obi h"ttio?l tr 

.• v *. i'); , ? * - ; i 

s last letters (page two), sent to authors 
time fight ‘or vindication Chessman e.\; 

ough Attorney George T. Davis, bequeaths n Arcosy 
tses gratitude that Argosy evidence fvas gi ■*.?»: !-> defense . 









0 , 


:r:: tv,: .woo the poe-tv were ui?;:Me 
. .lie , or« and of whets*, f 
jt, '.hey could fine •»., ; coord at a'd, i :ii. 
rliat time a -.-cord of ten felony 
nvirtiiii.;. j :* the L >• Angeles area, and 
d served time i u th; L. A. Countv Tail, 
eston Industrial School for Bovs. San 
■•■entin, Fob ora i and C.rno. Furthermore, 
ost of those prison fenny overlapped with 
hcssman’s. Von might thev were old 
h'lohnatcs. Further thin that, Choss- 
s arrest record, if he police had exaai- 
:t carefully. and his nrobation reports. 
i’H'.i t!n.t '!'< -ratiova was !\;,d 
one of C hessman’s known criminal! 
r htcK 

ot'll the -ops claim, to this day. that 
' V " ere aiivonseious of th.e cxistoivi i f 
’.irles S. Tenanova. 

L.'tvckng ’ er'anova on: further, we Pnd 
at during Chessmans trial, while J. Mill, e 
•o.-y, »i!i> pros-cutor. was describing Tor- 
nt.ya as a. ' fiction,” Terranova was in 
Ijm Ayr i : xv County foil, no more tfinn 
1 fort from r.lwxtt.u.m'f nil, held on a 
ad ot tv iw . ■■ -’.wo telc.ny charges, iniToi'- 
. vintatanm! the \ i' Fire.n n> . \et 

'■ •* 1 f -am . '. hieping wind m- 

! ' ‘ »•!! ■ io!>!}» i v. ;»)*•} k i* 5 -* » *» f t:' 

■ ■ ■ i 1 " 1 - • * If : i y * ! i j 1 1 ’Jim •_ 

• ‘ ‘ t’n. ’’ ’• i<r.i a.tiiti' v. . 

< * '- 1 * • •• t • • • • ; n wi* I,, : \ it 

‘Pi inn ■ ■•!■ ,, .;i , , . le I.,,, 

■’* * «- i ugh’ .■ y • ■•.si!.!,- i,. . 

•s>i;ig evid-r >• which u..nld '.ccpCi.i 
an ont i.f t :x gas 

to T.n; Angeles -a nd consumed- wifle 
\\ iie’t . woo v. . stilt digcui .. ; .■> 
e materiel a t are'.. Linhart mined 
*’!:!• .1 tint the interests of 
•‘ae. . hle'iee ••Vi.ild be hand. ■! 

1 : ami oe.telv !o lit gesernur’s office, 
ter a !>rii 1 i ydo.n; is m to I la. Jo C’’t= n- 
iho gov ■’.s s, er<. tavy, we v.-. re 
! ' that dm governor was ‘'definite!)’ in- 
o. steel”; that if w.. would fly to San 
anr i-eo, v. i woo'd he met lay a retne- 
."‘.iv.: of the govts :-or . nd. that in ttu 
e.-ning, tber repv! •..•ntativ ■ wo- hi 
r- v es front San Viands •> to Suer; smn-i ), 

. '-’'I- 

( * rt 

midnight digi t. 


cl v 

th no one exeept 

F. Oiti.., a 

nil Biii L’ Heart. 


•nr. j 

• .'ciscly on ; ii"e. 


t : stay in Los 

tV' i 

a.: investigation 


n ;s»; ;• 

and close", v.e 

ai )v 

•d i ‘ 

:lit Bandit, and 

■S > 5 

.1 • 

of U!v:itt"vo"l:l 

’ly cv 

iog in with tii . 

■ state Capita'. 

7 'lis' w:o -a eight x r. Wo got riser, a- 

•" • :.t .'.’ii. '■ midnight fight, 

e •’•••viiss.-d our pi a > ” : ‘d\ no one except 
you Role’s ■ ’ : Citt.., and Bill Lhi.hart. 

e at t airpor. ; ••.‘clscly on ! ii"e. 
"’.art was s-eliedut . t ; stay in Cos 

U x’.'s and eiiutinv' ‘;v: investigation 

hi,.!', was ;. d.'ig e and close", v. e 
iy t" flit raai Bed s - : 'lit Bandit, and 
v.. it seen" :! . to a • of n ndtr vo-'l:l 
■linen; >ns f i.tua’h' eying in with til., 
vi h/.eil .ri.r:e syo'J . of the state— 
. :o our •■'"o': -e, " : information in 

o fun ion • ! • in 'm case. 

Bari’.ira Or a!:::: •■■k, which is ,»i!l 

espior- 1 at (hi. "Cing. was inf'-r- 
ih".:. )•>.<..!■’ . by u odd ccine:’.’ 

:e ; t. the -Barham i rahmn trial was 
* ,. te .M.pti’er Co*ar" '" Charies \V. 
'e'si . w!io a prera ■ the Chev an 
I’rieke, who wa i.icnvn tliroi.g.h- 
the state a.- a “hr.. • nig judge,” had 
:nili i; out t". as in •' death sente-'icv 

ii d g- : ;o Cali on ■ . iisterv. fie ’ v. 

est . who ; 


IfiC ,'tatc* «l -V- 
'.nd: 0 out t . ; as n 
.' ii dg- : n Califo: 
s, had )j!:n'v ruvcrsti. 
ums In.' ! i. i nr courts. 
>' 'ring r 'i let ['ei 

f death sen- 
1 Varreu’s ii nn 

. Meretht!) was sentenced to 
ja ! for Kidnaping, in a gaudy, California. 
s‘)jj^^Biu!. Warren, reviewing th.e ease, 
Meredith t complete pardon. 
Mis comment was: “This is the most ila- 
gran.t case of railroading in the history of 
California jurisprudence.” The judge was 
Charles \V. Fricke. 

So we felt that indications that Chess- 
man had been unjustly convicted were not 
to he brushed off !:g! ‘ly. We had ether 
clues that we were getting close to some- 
thing hot. oedficld was informed by 
friendly a.idvisurs several time-’, as {!>[■ 
ii'.vest’g iti.'i; went on. that he was "get- 
ting into dangerous territory.” 

Bill Linhart. who had been investigat- 
ing 'or Chessman for seven years, had 
been threatened with ■-iuhiae 
many ti nes, as had his tainilv. Now that 
we were getting close to the meat of the 
Case. Me were all getting jumpy. 

At the airport ticket counter, a tall, 
heavy-set man in a nine serge suit asked 
it lie ee”!il cheek “certain names ’ on the 

maui.Vst o our fhY.hi. The ei-al: (old 
mill : that such ;u!o: i . : ,i j V. : o 

ma- -drifted oil into the cna.vd. 1 had al- 
m: "'sforgotten about him until the lies' 
ai t'.cej^^k came tn cr tiic loudspeaker. 

i’asse^P^ on Might seven-ninety-four 
report to ticket erimter, please.” 

At the ticket counter, a pair of grim- 
faced men told the crowd i.hat the flight 
would be delayed. 

* We have a report there may be a bomb 
aboaid your plane." 

A three-hour check by the FBI estab- 
lished that the bomb was a ruse, bat it 
sure scared us. Wood field dixie’-, d it would, 
lie safest to split up. lie and Linhart dri ve 
to San Francisco in Linn art’s r.uae- 
crjuipped, private p ;)>c ear, v. itii Linhart ’s 
.33 on the seat. I v. :.-xt by plane. 

That .'.ftcrivutm. «'!’■ no sleep at all f- 

I’m! field, am! little lor my.»e!i . we were 
in tile eapito! buiMiug, re|.»oijing to Cee” 
Boole, tlirougli wiiom all ion I', ■■ 
the Governor on the Chcssm.m case must 
be cleared. 

l’oiile was dishes. nod to h- lieve (f 
anvtiliug new ivni i i >,• twine . f > ,< j-p. 
late ..., e. U,. |. - t . . 

our w •; 1 J j. st. • .. . 

//:>.( ' ; e . ; : ; i ml ... ■/( , i,.,,,, ’ ... ,y . < .. 

I ni. Com: : /<,;!<■/ it. I’.trs 'hr. I 

. . . ,r i 

\ ■*- - -s V i *• ■ > ' • '( 1 / ’ / 

i V " & 1 J. I ‘■ l 

. * - .y L -a; V n ‘-v /“. 

' ; k1 -' ' -V-y- 

i - 4 - - 

; a d. 5S11 •- ^ ' 

5 ^ 

1 ..Cl y. 

i n. \' u w.\ 

. c r..'r- 0-s„ 

A' w - 

/ ’ V: , ' vs. , . , s . 

w VYdAi A ' <z~^ 

- A 

i '-m - 

> i;ui .'gored Ter., nova, but he o!>vi- 

,!v I.*: Xl'.‘ ■ .A f r 

sly • vanted th*. 

truth to come /• 

This teaches on one . 

:f the most pur: 1 

i -peels of Caessawr'.- 

C.aracter. Ht- 

t Man who, apparently 

, was willing to die 

or his principles. Re’.r 

• ,-mhcr that he was 

-.vca a chance to plcae 

: tor clemency, pro- 

'ided he would admit 

bis guilt. His an- 

•ver, in -is own <■ 

on: what romantic 

oetoric, w.-. ■ ‘ vindic;' t '-ni or death.” Chess- 

rum also r.dlitTctl, it .• 

irai!), to the code 

>J tivj in i'.ic*r world as 

regards inf -nners. 

!’o the las., while admitting we had come 

truth he reiterated that he had 

vit uevu ■ ' i' i>i\c to _*i 

ivo us the iKo-nia- 

'.ion. lie vs.i-n't. 

But there are other 

sklcs to this ques- 

-.m. li e have inform.! 

tion that Che.'* fian 

was more i an rest id i: 

1 I'roUvting certain 

li : : occnt parties than i 

*a sa\ iuji cither his 

awn reputation or his Id 


Among ‘iii-so ho w 

• *s protecting is a 

. i nl. en-ycar-e’ii liau 

i'tlcr wliosi* exi**t- 

use secret u: ! 

i! his death. ; tt is 

nlrr he \ . 

. ioMstiri" that he. 

i ; . t -1 a.m lt d as *. ' 

v --ily— not e\ ei» 'IVr- 

:. .ova - m ■' V> wlu- 

'i'. rrauova v. a > rt> 

’ M'-'/t! all . 1 

e ir j.til t'-r.n.). 

in-* C. It* . : l . 

t :* ;• •! *h. t .* wi it 

.* i.tiv. • 

Mtpp* e* .i*«: » «»t 

'a *i'rr»\ ‘ 1 : mi. •• s 5 i •! 

. 5 h Uh 1 o;, < tv •*>*. 

•’ U. /‘.a? )* . 

a f.j.; th<- *.* it, it 

V ii$ ' 1 < • | , i J t ; ' ;i | 

.• in!t>i:n iti-u *\tr 

to >’n' pe • n !’"■ ' 

• hat Un p’-.Sh*. ath*n 

onld ''ad t'l hiitln" 

t!i!»*Mi>at .on. 'Ihi*. 

was a pao:!i’l dccisi": 

• r us— '.«i\isv, * vay 

our >for> to ncwspupi r 

.> before public alien 

J.-ito—Kit it wii.1 unav.i 

’iJable in that name 

i 1 rcspon-iblc joumn.'is 


’V" Lid '-res-rc'- ’ 

. • f ’ S; 

.•'.itu:.!. Our news 

‘ -•:• iii iv a- tin' ■> .. 

'g.wt thing in Cali- 

i mia. S' '''rnneisoo 

L. A. papers 

• -.- it ’ as' he- -ill 

• tiic front page. 

■ :.i Auoo- 

and some rwming 

: s neicb 't'.' • 

y Ivcnturo-:');:'.' iziv.c 

witers.' 1: . ". ill wor 

■ -npressed !.)’ the 

r • .-..'latiou that we rd- 

iily had identified 

Tcrra-v'.-a for tin- firs? 

tune, hut were able 

' : tui ice his C-ittu 

r ( California eritni- 

. idi.-!.-t : fi..aii'>:’ fi. 

nuinbor), his FBI 

jaur.bcr at d .* copy ot 

ids criminal record. 

’"r’a: pc’ *' 

i ty idc. 

worked, and new in- 

..g fi-nn.-.ri"! 

to filter in through 

a ')»'/:::.'!! ■ n 

;K*r.e c } 

a 1 d informer'. One 

f'-.O!!-.' l '!. 1 1 

•;m Lo.- 

V-'geie.'- cast a cloud 

OUT Opt?-' 

usm. V- 

• •.■odaeld’s wife Called 

:• S - v that ; 

'X six s. 

liter we bad left 

L. A. to: 


•V, she -id had 

an auonv i:i' v 

> pf.onc* 

"Has Bili 

pjae tc 

ihc governor’s yet?” 

the voiee a-:': 



a -> vered that he had. 

“Well, hr 

better t- 

:t turn the information 

I ij i 

t!on ? «.*' 

v face full cf ;icid. 

■!'. il n't id 

: • boh: 

at i /vu after that." was 

s!T It 

'■ ■ vk Bis! badly, out 

' • :,i ’■ a 

:> wall. 

'eg ted til: t A _ was 


. i-.ntl t 

•>ki us to stick with 

\\\ now 

hud !cs.* 

than a week to go 

U ', ; ' 


7 lie goveriK r sent 

word t. .4 ! . 


* ; :d not change his 

-.I'd. -*e sv:is :.-k- 

10 region. 

O j Tiu.-sl 

: v. 1 -• 

■ e.-llcd back r» the 

VJV. Vilix 

dice. I 

to see Chessman 

fi ’ s ».l oi * it 

la- we • 

• • vase any ir " ua- 

; ’-‘u at -ll! r 

in ip u 

‘•V.’!];,; . u’re the : . the right thing,” 

"What din crenci* •. --n! it make? Do you 
Umar to say you’d rather cite in the gas 
^^nher than live v-'th the reputation of 
;. stool pigeon?” 

It may seem an anomaly to you,” he 
said, but that’s the way I feel.” 

1 mentioned a name he didn’t know I 
knew and asked him if he were protecting 


“Let’s just forgot about that part of it, 
shall we?” he said seriously shaken. 

! ag-ccd. But I want it on the record that 
Chessman, when he died, was thinking of 
more than his owe. ski' . 

TVTesf day, we -farted preparing 'the 
it Ancusv writ— Chessman s l.i't oka for 
justice. The sratt-' v e got together for 
li'.al writ e-;'. winced Ccorgc T. Davis. Chess- 
man's pin: ultornc:j, l.*r the lies! time, that 
he was innocent. Until he read this ma- 
terial. Davis had been fighting for his client 
strictly because he I nut been denied due 
proce'-' of law. 

The preseentiou's. ease, dv-e! 'hid l»y the 
prosi v eta'- hi:.'.»ei! as i u , i u lii .'..a', by 
the '.vvi >:oi as ' vi-rwia hum.:' :a its 
)'!■>■*. i.sted ei: pa ' fi\e point'. 

1. "i’. sSni. {si- -* * ;»* :t:on" oi Ci.i - man 
by ie- i • t in-. 

2. 'f.-:l.v. id. ; tifit .ttiou i.ts car. 

3. \ \"u. spoil. to jh one I!..-.! : v the 
lb <1 bandit. 

1. A tla - leighl simitar to ill" i Used 
by ‘.I I'.-ii Light i... th.t. 

5. Lis alleged admissions to the police. 

Mere’s ivhat we found at the heart of 
tins “overwhelming” evidence. 

■ FodtSoeidentlficatirxhof'Gemjl Chcssman- 
an the Ret! Light B<a tdil, tuicstwnaNi. 

Cmyl Chessman was trice!, convicted 
and •• MtcnceJ to tth for the following 
so -catted ‘ Hcd’ crimes. 

1. Armed Roblh a— of Thomas Rattle 
1/it),. -IS, .1:3.3 aati. $13. 

2. Anne.! ’nobbenj -Floyd C. Bedew and 
Elaine Bushaw 1, .18/48, 7:30 p.n:. $20. 

3. tinned Robba j — of .farnigan Lea. 
Armed robbery, kidnaping for the purpose 
of 'ofcbciy witii bodily injury (a capital 
offense; and violation of Penal Code Sec- 
tion 283 A (forcing —ietim to ora! copula- 
tie)!). thus constituting bodily injury in above 
charge.) Of Regina Johnson .1/19/4$, 


-i. - \rm,:d Robber;; -Gc raid Stone, 1/20- 
/48, 12: iO a.m. $2. 

•5. Attempted Robbery -. Frank Huriburt, 
kieinap • .v; for the purpose cf robbery with 
bodily injury (tlie second capital oilense), 
violation o. section. 2SSA Penal Code and 
the attempted forcible rape of Marv Alice 
Meza— 1 ..'22/ 48, 1 a.m. 

A )u r y of eleven women and cue man 
found Caryl Chessman guilty on ail counts. 
Presun ably his identification is the Red 
Light Bandit was beyond a reasonable 
doubt. Let's Took . t the Auc.osv evidence. 

1. Tiio:i':i:i Barth, in his complaint to 
tlie police— ten mi-rates after he was robbed 
by t : e Rrd Light Bandit, described the 
bandit ,s being "win: , age thirty, height 
five feet six (actually 1 -• is six feet), weight 
150 pounds, stocky hrikl, "tan con p’ exion” 
and, added that ’’ -'audit had ' crooked 
teeth in (the! fr- ■- Baltic’s companion. 
An- ' 2‘Liskwitz cd, “I couldn’t see 
bin., ’ .it I heard ’ * talk.” 

Abel one wick : cur, two days after 

Bandit. Chessman, wis described i:i a po- 
1 : teletype as follows: 

w^|^;ix, five feet eleven, weight. 
It * pc^^P, clark brown wavy hair, long 
narrow nose with l ump on bridge of in.-e, 
brown eves.” 

Although Bartle’s description, given ten 
minutes following the robbery, fails to 
describe Caryl Chessman, Battle,, a mor:v 
later at Chessman's preliminary hearing, 
positively identified Chessman as the Red 
Light Bandit. When Chessman, acting as 
his own attorney, asked Bart?e if he could 
recognize any p.utieiilar 'deatifying fea- 
ture that he might have mentioned to 
police, in his original report, Bartle an- 
swcreil, "I told the officers that von had a 
prnturihig inner !:n am! 1 think you v ill 
find it i'i the icpo:!.’ 

W hat Thomas ''.irlle, u ti.' :li.\! Iiy pro- 
tessiou. hail rcpe'tcd was that tin Hi.. 
Light Bandit had urookitl fionl h i ll:. 

Caryl Clns-m.o; hud rein isahly straight 
teeth -as Dr. Barrie uiust have iliseovv ’ 
when cold routed L> Chcss.-an in corn. 
Chessman's .‘rent * i * ' : i .ire, n Jai-I, : ,iL . 

2. ' i'" d t It.d'.-v. ,md I lain" i’.i:-' 

mail' police iw g it the v .. ,h -v 
robb.d, di s"i,!>j; i..m ’■ . ■. ■ 

S' * V. ■ ": . i 1, - tall. I •■ ' p'ne . 'it, 1 ' \ 

using . »2 t'l .* ■ ■ i m t - i t., it. ;.-i 

shaw. Mr }i di ". - . ".['. v ri.. :* tt . er ' 
of 'll" I'ei'i:), d» ' net tt a ", 

Cnes-M.t::. Mr. It l ew. ,ij p-n ■ ■ I; am-. a;' 
to I 1 * turn to ’ns t . ",|e in 'i.- Midi" 
identified Chessia n .it the prihrmn 1 
hearing, but refuse. I In identifs Clu'ssnuu s 
car. ''That’s the ei lor,” he testified, “but 
the (Red Light Van. ’it) ear was not a !"• - 
passenger .. coupe. Is was a sedan.” 

Bal'.ew flirting . tified he recalled 

telling rite police ' 1 T tile Red l.igiit II. t 
was "thirty. 16'v.' pounds, and (haul a 
protruding under jaw." This is all li.dlc'.v 
rcco!' cted having tc-ld the police. 

3. .iarnigan L" .. the companion of !e 

gina Johnson, testified at tin. prcli-ninary 
hearing in February of 1948 that lie 1- d 
described the Red Light Bandit to the po- 
lice as being ‘'between five net eight and 
five feet ten (with a hat on), approximate’'- 
160 pounds, with .rooked toih, po.".’ -ji' 
stained.” > 

Yet. three mo-, ‘’is later ; Chi-ssi" 
trial in May, wit:-. Cuosanian cross-exaniin- 
ing, and while under oath j '.rnigan Lea 
volunteered the f-dbnving: And i re ••• 

told the police ;.£•■■ had crooked fcit; . ' 

Furthermore, although L.a claims *«> 
hav? seen the ’'?>• - Light Bandit” with- it 
a mr.sK, he admiUed that, in reporting the 
crime to the police, he had r >: mentioi'.ed 
that the bandit had a prominent nose yet 
lu- positively ident-'fied Cary’ Chessman as 
the Red Light Bandit i.-i emit. (Chess- 
maos hawk-like nose is his most distin- 
guishing feature. 

Even more disi—bing is the information 
to be found in a La? Angeles County S' . •- 
ills repo-.f t. -2637, dateil January 

27, 1948, but never introduc'd in ecidtm ci 
at cither preiimir.. rv hearing or trial. 

Ti, ; - document : . porting tlie idcntifi, 
tion of Caryl Chessman «•).’ David 11, 
Knowles (Chcssir.r: s partner who was • 
rested with him) by Mr. Lea and . 
Johnson contain . foil;- >. • -g: 

"$'t\/>'ct.i fpl r ' l pollen up he’ * f 
(Mr. Lea’s) car •: ai then ;-ppri>.ic ! ,--s. 
foot and asked 1 r idcntifi' i : i n ' ' 

~ ' twelve : 

'-<! wired \f r T..i 

• .the: 


-vas Jr. 


' Bian on* 

Red Li 



lead: ‘ 


;! ‘ i’ -'USp( 

: Mr. I 

s car. she 

• n iavoi red i;i 
‘ to'icexvom.m's 
" as talers her 
-.Mrs. Johnson . 

v;; ;'■? y iru ' l '* R«J usbt 

,,v M -'\ P K,, -‘> Ed (to someone in the 
‘ , rl1 - -'■'P'-'-t vojitinuw, “.She 

L Mater. f!ir.t when s’n- was in hi>- 
• • "tp. -'hi- f<-'; "at there was 
tnc hack seat vr-uching down, 
i s , c . f c .!* ,o ’.cone in O', me 

More once r twice.'’ 

T-ie ot these state;, tents, which im!i- 
hat t"o •. a were involved in the 

•'k'U enmo ,W,i% « w , ;(T ,. r 

yC,,!:ore<! !,,, (he ,,.u: C e. Ur. /.«■<; or 

at to Wt nowhere dees Chc-s- 
that .here might have 
amlwtt L:m bandits. ]f Chessman 

' V i'ed Mffht Bandit, 
‘o .■J\e . renown that there were 
liiyelvf-; >-,<1 v. on id n’t lie have 
..IK ..... . his fat!: He didn’t, 
WZ-ou- oat Mr. Lea and 
-■.ason.oarj a- nffied R C{ J Light . 
r ur!: ' • r-'.-n Z-2B.J7 was 

; ;pj • ■ V'i! . therefore 

” !< ' ui •'"to-.vinj its coa- 
' 1-y " ■ se. 

’ i- ,,; ”• <: ’■(.'] ; V.*' of 

.* .wgi-ae -on van made avail- 

’■ '"TV,.V'P'-; y •’ :he 

'•* i' 1 ' i- ‘ , . 

- - ~ i.ias.e " a mil an Hour ot 

ti'-e ronoery, should oorta-i a full and ae- 
( Mjj^' .ciipiion of Carv! Chessman if 
- the Red Light Bandit. 

fn^U" opting t0 discover what \frs 
Johnson .,r.d Mr. Lea told the police im- 
mediately billowing the crime, Arcosv ex- 
amined a police bulletin, issued at 7:37 
pan. on January 23, 194,3, and found in- 
timation Mat a comparison with deserio- 
tnjiis by the other victims must have been 
made by either .Mrs. Johnson or Mr. Lea 
f ee bandits car was described as bavin*;, 
lour incuts beneath" etch Iront headli-hf 
a cnvle parking light.” ,\ police photo A 
Utess-mms ear shows no such narking 
built. A, »o, OJ, body in rear above license 
holder, there js a plain chrome bar wish 
l-oim in center of bar.” t he police photo 
shows K :r or insignia on ( ’.1, 

mmi.s ear. the bulletin also reports "po- 
s:l ' U wtl'o which receiv es police calls with 
switch underneath dash.” .Vo such radio 
was lound :n Chessman’s ear. 

Vet Begin a Johnson and Jarnigan Lea 
positive,}' identified this sumo car as th • 
car belonging to the Hod Light Bandit. 

Mr.. Johnson admitted at the prelimi- 
nary hearing that when she J, a d been sinn- 
mm,e*. to the police station to identifv 
Chessman as toe Red Light Bandit it w-'s 
nor comyur:;*:;,, Mr. Lea. and not she, who 
nad erst pointed Chessman out as her •*:- 
l " c ^ ( testified tout Mr Lea, pointing 
a C.iessiv; saitl, 'There is (ho man who 
,eal its up. She also tes'-'ai-d that 

*' r r**" 1 pr,..,U at the .lew 

"•I -b< ' b 1 In . 1 , \j, 

. 'I It!,' ’..f. ^ 

.viury jj iji»- 

I - " - - **■' * r u as COnvJlU'tU 

Unit I,- - <.Murhter would get w-ll when 
,''. c> ' ^■ixecut.'d. although no psv- 

, ht^Rrecd with this contention. 

In addition, a storm of contrmers v has 
centered on Mary’s mental condition ’prior 
to her oemg attacked by the Red Light 
Bandit, some psychi grists claiming that 
the girl was mentally iV ? t the time, others 
claiming she was not. Rational or irration- 
al, it was Mary Mega’s testimonv that 
helped to convict Caryl Chessman and he 
went to the gas chamber that testimony. 
Let us examine a police broadcast issued at 
o:24, on the morirng of January 22 
J94S Made up from Mary’s description'^ 

■ the Red Light Bandit, it describes iwr at- 
tacker as 'thirty-live >e.u, of age. five feet 
ten. medium build, -urrl by complexion, 
eie.m-sliavei:. very slight aeewt.” and 
driving a JiMO f or d sedan, hark, with 
red spotlight on right side of vehicle." 

TVF iss testified that slic couldn’t de- 

V ’ ek scrific her attacker in mor* detail 
because ‘ he was masked .11 the time. How- 
cier, was in the c«u hefon^in'j to the 
Bed Light Bandit for ram- tlu:i w t<v",s h „ r . s 
and a comparison of in - original s. :: vine: it 
to the police with photographs of Chess- 
man s car proves contradictor. . even 
though sue positively id ufjfied Ch mm's 
car as the ear si e was m. Cliesstitan’s car 
was hg/i/-colore< ! . not t. rk, a ,,*>■> 

a .■:* tile -pot’iv ! vv.i.p, . ..|t, 

mi the /. 7 >!.; , I.,,- if,.. . 

At ri . ; . .." 

' ’• t -t . -1.3.0 • ..■! irmation ..( 

; ; ' ’ ' ' Kill Light 

'• L* > t< 1 ■>: f’loyd C. 

’-g roue ; ,,y , ,. ,. p i0 „, v 

' -;ifcr ;p e’s testimonv 
S<i .I.:e v: 7- t /' 

* - r'-Jic-t conp :r i of \j r . L«a 

r-S 'd P, 

■ : t Pun 

:-:A v»v 

A ? 'C 0 > V Vv*: 

■ or 


seci. Prior 
''•rod in a 
’in r 
• o 3i!ii**esl 
-• kr.ii 
.M 'n* i)t. M 
uv:o, the 

o n-'oruH'-t! Ai- ;r • ihr: -:ho 
;.u’ar-.!- A Ch- 
id w , ;• o t <*• 

*■ 1 , , 

n\ tlv. IV 

r F); . 

a > 

. ;atcr ? ’ i?r:i 7 : .; j, Au:.osy 
liorne;-, v.i eerges T. 

vy* ‘iPl.'iJtls fro*T» 
' • « Cr'e-'annn’s ai- 
• «'*ace:>' .* . it to sol 
h -.’ore';. c" was 

t through 
" i ev *T 


n a'-is i 

• r;r* At.':- 

• . .rnr* - 




ter. anc 



; ; ■ ■; ■" ■ Make 

t .1 i. v 1 * ■ .... too police 

’* ■" 1 ' ■■’i r i ■ . t she saw 

■M' 1 -- - J "' ’ t she and 

■ .-r cca.p;..n:c;, a- onhj two 

Victim , •- 7- lk- '■ e cl-e-.g. 


ineati: v 

■ ■ l> iv i:n; . 

ta. Ding, w : ... , „sk. if 

Ch'-ssmai, ,.s the man w *■ robbed 
Mono test, fir; Well, due O the Fact that 
no wore a'dkerchief ever his face J 
van t no ct -rtiv’n.” The prelim; nary- heaving 
n, " cu identification was not 

pmtK-c enough to warrant an indictment 
■an .his charge, and suggested the prose- 
.’.i.ton prot.r.c.' .additional . lentification. 

oomehow, tc :thout producing „mj i.ddh 
tioiuit ulcidiRc.-tbsu Carol Chessman -res 
n idea,' trie., and convicted on 
c Octree. c«r:iv: tho Sitruc tr.J. thuV j>< 
^-pnvk^iti ;r>*; .s'. j 2iJvJ v _cd to dvidh. 

. ? . I ?° • i l"’ Rfr-bays most i m;.or- 

.an, Klentiticati:.;, of Chessman as the Red 
■• Band;- was made by M a .- V Alice 
-oza and *• ..-apamon, trank HtuLurt 


W '' 

Mr. hurjtHtrt. asked at e, , p re l im £., al -. 

: -'mv' u U e. ** '^ oc ; -it the Red 

- Bantu-., it was dark 

■ K iw bad a naiviKerchief over his face.’ 

jj_; ef rve analyzing Miss X.i 
-*-3 ir should t'e stated that ■ 
, otlwr - 0 f the Ec- ! 

oris been ttie eauss of - 
C-ios.-man ivovig among t 
i?ro5fccudo:i. -lewspapcv^ 

era I public. 

iss Morv 'JVt’Jitcc’i r 
rtWacfccc, kv.iv- commit: r 
Hospita: as a 
^■ontli> aitir Kr -Hack. 

"ire over ?* •• *. 
jt fu.s bcjs. the con*, 
''b-z - mother ;•}•-.• ; \r, lr; , , 
s a ' T-.- r-' - ilt of b-rn 

y. ; testimony, 
'•jv, more than 
Light Bandit, 
if .dons anti- 
’ police, the 
md die g .r- 

time of on- 
to Camariho 
-lent twenty 
has been 

m of Miss 


Ihtckvd hv 

•' ,ltl.«l tx,’.- . ' ' 

I'm: Cm.-itr: A foui 

A: Jt was a e.ub t.-ottp*. 

\\ hen asked by ' : i.> fj,j. 
served a spotlight, Mary - 
x cry observant, .1 didn’t s-. 

H' cn graver doubts as 
Mary Meza’s ideotificati- 
car as being the same 
was held captive occurs 
the testimony wherein 
circular, i! hm -’noted )iy': 
ooard or t e ear in "1 
attacked. In ■. 
will show Vo,: Exhibit ’ \ 

you if this js a fair rer; 

instrument panel vou 
testified: ‘’Yes, that looks .. 
I would say that would 
showed the dad, of Ches 
v-as photographed by the 
the dash that Mary Aliev 
sa\v in the wed Light Bar 
\ et we have in hand 
ceipts proving that the 
—aryl Chessman’s car— th-. 
Mary Meza. had positive--, 
longing to the Red Light g 
removed fr - h:s tar the 
crime and was rot retur 
crime had been committed. 

Tims str.t .-iTHiit is sv::.- 
mony of the mechanic . 
Meza liad seen a- speedi-r' 
:u wnici, she was attack-.’" 
not have been in Car-,1 
she has claimed she was. 

Miss M-.-za’.- 

tcslim; 1 

doubt as to Chessman’ 

Ivr-iljk V'V, 

ho : 

’•"'if she ob- 
•-■uliec, “I wasn’t 
•' any spot’Ight.” 

‘O tile xv ’lefty of 

*' of Chessman’s 
•’.r in xvhi<b ,] !e 
■i examination of 
describes fivo 

‘■a ;L<h. 

I S’- 1. 

L-v 'U V't; .)). "] 
-•"ty-Ls .md ask 
nlatier. -..f if.. 
"" Mary Meza 
r atlar :o ; t. Yes, 

- The ; iljit 

<: '-..i'i s ear a> j; 
police. Tilis is 
Meza .-.wo; - she 
. ’.i' car. 
pjv.)toy isto'i r c- 
Tccxtomvf,.- i n 
.'ai. e ear that 
deniihed as be- 
lit.d been 
< ri, before the 
: ir.tii after the 

.-rtecl by (es;j. 
-d. 1: Mary- 
r in : .- car 
’■’*•„ she could 

■ xl’liU- ■ <’ t r. ;*s 

i veals ;u..i*!,r 
oa'ty as ti t 

i'M'i- -Nio fur • •• .iti i>- tka that although 
>•*(• S : <u;‘. fix feet fo :r, tbx* 5* .»•;•!•> \x\e> 
“iu>: -t tic- t;il .-r" than she. YV)| skdfe 

if the \! luive bee:: • 

a- h Chess;-- it, she answered no. 

Al.-v at die , e-'-ainary hearing. Mary 
acknowledged •.-. it n her original descrip- 
tion of the to tile police, she had 

staled ha* tin. Ted Light Bandit liad a 
scar ever his right eyebrow. 

Car'! Che o:.r: lias no seen sear. 

Cl. a' ■' '. 'i e.r \:v ".m has. 

in spite of F. -e contradictions. Caryl 
C.'\ was ‘ guilty «•: ah’ counts 

ei the lied L.i -4 ■ nines ami died in the 
gas chamber on May second. 

On ’./nr Chm-snutn ‘Vlrfmi.'Siims" 
Clie-Mnan hat! long protested ■ igoroustv 
that Judge Frick - permitted the police to 
testify to ''admissions'’ that he is aileititl 
to have made to tiie police about crimes 
that h" v, . l - -V -, charged with. While 
this Fare ie;U point, it is nonetheless a 
fact teat noli a officers testified from the 
xvi-u-.-ss stand th ir Chessman had admitted 
to t' v that lie i .a! committed at least six 
>’ud Coda, erhm - whieh he had never been 
e! wit!’ ad which the * -are mad- 

rto e:h- ‘ to prove wre ever committed. 

V. a -i f i" -n n t;u< rtf.l (In' pofiev 

■»’!.. •• . inn's i:r I.y;.. /lilt '(/. II:-. 

■ a'd ■ ta-i-.- T. Davis, .out Annas v 

h.iv. ten |-"'nv | pe-.niisston ti.i verii. 

-il n -r nr -:C *hi-se t :'i u- -s were ever 
e-oi.t! 'te l. Vv‘ !‘i.- jury that found ( Iv sv 
-i!!.-!' godty a-.-' sentenced li'm to death 
was iindonhtndiy influenced h: its ver- 
diet. -' least -a orao extent, by these so- 
called “udni’.-s-'on In our possession is 
•••■ 'vyav.-ii! (• ' 4 IV »)■.’. ms::. ' ■ by tVa.e, 
t- ■ 1 Ciili* ■- -s as Che-Mi-.m allegedly 
- -d ' ■ r b-d ! .re: : erim--,. 

- 1 - ■ •’• t' 1 ** on.k i *t tin' -.rav 

- . . 1 . ■ ;i i’:i, • * ( 'li.'-vaia- 

' ■ . u •> t i ;h-- - as eh u-iln-i 

' . - 't " ; ■ : I ■ n oatne doubt 

l"i P“liv t 

or < -'hi 

cut-.o's ca-e eoe-i-ts ot statements by wit- 
nesses that an Army-type .45. found near 
the car in u hich Chessman was arrest', 

1 was ''similar" ta the kind of gun the ham i 
l-.od. Hot onr single witness was able to 
identify the me. any more pos'tivelv .than 
this. The same applies to a peniight-type 
flashlight whie!' all witnesses said was 
‘'similar " to t'-e -bandit’s. Again, only the 
fact that the type was the same was ever 
claimed by ever the most determined of 
witnesses er pro editors. 

It is interesting to note that not a shred 
or affirmative evidence was produced at 
tiiis trial. The ear in which the two women 
were attacked was examined carefully. No 
fingerprint, cither of the \iclims or of 
Cheoman. was ever produced. No shred of 
r, i cellophane ml plastic or a red lens of 
any sort was found anywhere :’n, near or in 
th- general area of the- ear. Despite the 
iaet that both victims were said to he 
menstruating a* the time of the sex of- 
lenses, no tract- of blood was ever discov- 
ered in the ear. In fact, it was not until 
.i-'.v dmjx after the car was impounded that 
two detectives mysteriously located in i. 
two hairs whi.-h a defense expert could 
i, ly say were ' similar” to the hair of one 
ot the victims. 

In discussing this ease, we have purpose- 
ly not gi-rie -u >a the amazing confusion 
involved in the conduct os the trial and 
the subsequent settling of the- transcript 
A transcript, te most people is iiist a tech- 
nic: 1 ! V;ri record, but to a man trying to 
pros-- lie was given an unjust trial, it’s the 
only record on whieh he can base Ids 

negligible ir. view ot tin- 
adequacy ot the trial itself. 

^fcusking yon-self hcv the jury eleven 
x^^R and one man could liave rcaeiied 
the verdict they did, keep in mind that 
against a pre-i enter characterized by the 
court as "over-zealous,'' and a known bang- 
ing judge, was pitted the legal knowledge 
of boy hoodlum Caryl V, hitticr Chessman, 
who, contrary to popular opinion, was "no 
genius, but only a more-thun-o-dinarily 
bright man. 

Keep in mind, too. that Chessu . was 
asked to di lend himself against - -.-v vnfecn 
.-barges at cree. Ai b, ar i:i mind that 
wlien he asked for a daily transcrip' of tlu- 
proceedings, so he could refresh hi mind 
as to what had happened the day before, 
it uas denied him, although Judy - I'rieke 
later .uhuitte ! lliat In- had n or, r hej on 
denied such a transcript in a capital ease. 

Chessman biutseU later repeated the old 
legal cliche-: " The man who d'-f -id - him- 
self has a fool tor a «.!i> • :t." 

Now ask yourself questions: 

Why. ir . 

a charjro nut involvii; ?> .*• 


was the s? 

!'! (.’alih * >i:.i no 

ss tlul 

Clicssm%».n ' 

h.iv.Kl !uv«- -its clay it. • 

he Cf 

chain!}'*:— c 

* *! many ? 

•.iV - r . 

huvv Ihv;» 

t*M iVjir* v •. *? 

W hy, wis 

c!.*' ' in ? ? 

ht‘ an- 

thoritie- wait e.ntil the Friday - tore the 
execution i'l-iorc sendi' -g ant an investigator 
to i a ek out th.e Anoos v evidence. G-.,n'. ii-g 
that they didn’t think much of it. - aso’t i'. 
worth, a few naan ho -rs of labrr to check 
evidence which migi": a man’s life- 
wliieh hear- vitally on the man’s risk-ip. '. 
alibi in a capital oH'en-v? 

pared _b.-_a_ e!> ir.g man -,v: 

ho«o notes were 

For th,- i 

•iformatuu. of tliose xvl: 

io may 

**> '.*. ra!«s** In l!a* o\ ports in 

ku -k 

ai .we:. le 

a;. .■ • 


''a.V. that i!i >' [h\.sU; 

V :r.-.:i'..-ribed !»;. 

\l>.t '-'.V is 

:.g .' 

• Us * . 

■■.-.I in 

si M.-n-liy i'. • r. who was 

e-.uivieted atc-v 

tiou. Ou: 

t'- mi l:.-s 

:i? it < 


.a. u ifo/.i :» • . of tin**’ 

ikemiess, im-lml- 

v.i-.h :!v r 

• rilie.s, and 

. h:»N p:* 

!•); iv ; ■ 

i* * *t-’\ t'tai ; . : cluvin*: C\ 

p-.-riod he was 

tioii in j-.i-o, 

- hands !- 

•! • iti* act'll^: 

Y :*”.*: i i : i-T ! ?si ? : a n^cri |>t , . y 

nd that the "of- 

The i: -.•■ 

-■’dgatioi! • 


e xvifi. 

rc : l null ' • »». v’ha i) tin- trial rccor(!> \vc*ro 

keep our p:- 

■■■••.sc to Cary 

I Ci.csM •: 

e f* 

to h:ia 

and augmented 

*he truth. 


« t 


Tl-ere ;- I, 

-. to the :!•>' edytes end 

i-v-k .-boot ’*■ .• 

"’•i, but pa have said 

s.':v .■ comp!"’ 

•r> things, too. Oliver 

V. Vi'c* i 1 , 

. whom we mentioned 

cvr i )*, 

>d 3osto:i e..'.- the city that 

"opened ? u’ " 

. open the turnpikes that 

lead stn- jght 

i-ee thc-.ight, free speech 

aru. f;ce detd- 

(SpeakiM-s e( turnpikes 

reniindr ■■■ 

JO’.’ c'n nov- drive all the 

way from Chl-'.i 

to Boston without pain— 

ing i’.r -acre f 

•,:i a foxv srop lights. As 

for tin- re?t of V 

r Holmes’ comment, it has 

bee:' said that a 

Uhuitgb Bost-.n is .still the 

1 -l.iv g pii.’ ire*. 

. -t is no longer the home 

of i- e :'>r;’.v- 

-■•ho have c.eparted for 

M’bvaub - 

. respectable position ;n 

the V .ioiwi !.■ 

i - -6. ) 

’ e u-etiJd a' - 

■ ike to toil yti xx-hat Ted 

V-'dli.e.ns has * 

n about the city, but thc- 

'V. u'd V. 

Socic-ty iria/ be listening 

; .- Bust; : 

■ -h-r- might be dc-pri -.-d 


• • i., ;r s • 




. . ;ve.- -i 

■ s.ty about i-oston, they 


Aif ; v :: 

droves and many ire 



: that it is ?. lively place 


T f »3o ‘ ? 

•"ns make e-:- v’ent hosts. 

s are of p. big: order and 

r v.-re a » du- • 

f fine re ! '.eran-.s. Locke- 

Ohcr .s on Winter Place is considered to be 
cue oi ibe '-cry best places to eat in 
America, alt;. "ugh our personal preference 
is tor the Jv' Carlton. The Parker House 
' where the rolls of the same name were 
introduced) A worthy of its reputation 
;md Jimmy's -harbor Side, or, the pier, is 
ae place for sea food. For gc-od German 
cooking, it's hi rob M irth’s; Greek, the 
Atl c-ns-Olyiv.yia.: Syrian— grape leave,, and 
ai!— the Nile. At Durgin Park’s, in the 
market district, no one has yet been able 
to finish ifie enormous servings. Dinty 
Moore s, where the Friday special is cheese 
blintzes, is a l.ingout for newspaper peo- 
r -C- Ye Ofde “hiion House (sea-food spe- 
cialties) h. f;-.-en a restaurant since 1826; 
before that • was a draper’s shop where 
Louis-Fbilippe, who later became King of 
j- ranee, lived t-n the top Uoc-r and earned 
ids living ; teaching French. 

For alter- lark entertainment, there is 
rilinstnib's \ I ge. a cavernous bistro, in- 
congruous’. uated next to the police 
station in - . , Boston. Blinstrub's seats 

2,000 (liners ad dishes up lively enter- 
tainment as il as good food— t reason- 

able prices. here are d . . ’.egitimaU' 

tiieaters ir. ; . .'too. wh ve you w;- t -i.-e play- 
destinec. *. Broasb.-. ry or oblivion, a- 
severa! small ' art” theaters. Then -s iihih . 
for cool cats and long-hairs aliite-Storx - 
v'.lle for the B.-ston Symphony f<;-. 

Lie class::" in winter, and t .. famous 
"Pops’’ concerts under the stars on the 
grassy bank- ot th dspl.made for ten 
v.-eeks during th- summer. Tin Boston 
Arts Festival on ine Common exhibit- 
modern ?.;i and presents opera and ballet 
all for fret. Shakespearean play.; , rc p,-. 
sented in or enormous tent on a slope 
abox-e the Cnarles Fix er, and you can takr 
a boat ah . "t to tlie door. 

ihe bes vay xx-eve found to get -,n 
friendly terms with Boston is to stroi' 
through the C ommon (once a r •> pasture 
and later a training ground fo. Kcvolr- 
tionarj’ troops) and the Public Gardc-r. 
and go to Be. von Hill to look at fi :u . ,,r. 

houses xvitii t-.., vender v indoxv pa:. If y e 
have the family along, -i ride in the 
Boats is ;: must. ’ 

Another 'don’t-mis-” i« Mrs j-k^Ga-J- 
ner’s palace where -iiouM b. . 
vinccd that even old-time Bast-- \ 

all stuffed sb’ ts end - '-.e -Tr ., t ,, , .■ 

united stag ls cf ' 



/ , 


A ' 



r?.o'k : SAC. LOS ANGELES (32-^‘T 7 ) 

V & 


. : ;.DLi: : T 


FBI #4146-311 



■ / 7 c. 

On July 22, I960, SAflHHHH 




the Los Ang 

advisee that r.e '.-/as positive 
nerirr 'a Office did nod cive this ibe 

ficatior. record, to Argosy magazine or its represented! 
however, h e vrou.Id check the record and. advise' for tbv-ii: 
same date., BHBHHHB7 advised that he invest! 
this ma 1 1 e r an^ascert s ine d thau on November 2u, 1957 , 
of the records cf the Los Angelos Sheriff's Office war 
subpoenaed into. Superior Court of Los .'■•oelos County y- 
t aiming to the' CHESSMAN Case, “his in. '.os dec! the roc::-; 
STANLEY ?v . ASER*. CHE SSMAN was attacking the r- -• . vd one 
trying to show that STANLEY FRASER no ; . drunkard! 
capable .:-f transcribing- the records ;.n question. her o 
original and photostatic copies of STANLEY PHASER ' s 
Identification Record pi spared by the Bureau ware t. utr 
to the Lcs Angeles County Superior Court as i-iy. ally reoviroa 

The original copies of all tr.a record--, including 
the record of STANLEY FRASER, were returned to the Lo- lugol 
Sheriff's Office: however, the v-o to static copies cf tin. 
reu-rds were kept by the court. For about one year an 1 a 
half the Superior Court lost control of the records :l> 
question because these records, r.:-.; e>:hib! ts in the CARYL 
CHESSMAN case, rare going through channel:; to the IT. S. 
Supreme Court and no longer under the control cf the lcs 
Angeles Sheriff's Office or the Superior Court of Lcs Angel e 
County, and thus available- to attorneys. Even now, the 

v V., 

5 - Bureau'- *• v ' 
l/\~...LiCS .Angelas Q-y . 

Tb ! " ! ' . r . l fy- 

f»EC- 31 ' ’ yt AUG 

. 4 .* /■/ i 

/ . 

LA. 32-42? 

?ou the Los Angles County Superior Court, Clerk of rrni ;t . 

The above explanation by |H|Hf inch, cotes 

{that the Los Angeles Sheriff's Offic^xu^actinrin goo: 
faith as required by lav; in this natter. Hence” it is 
| recommended that F3I identification services to the Lest 
| Angeles Sheriff's Office be continued. 

M ,/ 


kc 7 

Marc.' SU, 

Saugus, Massachusetts 
D*ar Mi:* * Bogers: 

Yc •.’? letter, da tut 4 Ma-ch SO, iau 

Although id iik& vo be of service, the F 
no material available for distribution on the aeruon yea n.e: 
Enclosed is a booklet about the FB y -vhich you may 

Oince.’. e'.? vours. 


The Story of the FBI 

Hoo*o ' ... . h 

j\i i l *± 

! *i! 

•: UNIT 

a (3) 




G 5 


x- •’TUTN AM ' ii SON V 

N ET YORK 16, X. Y. 

4! • C I E A T . EUSSEU • STtEET • 

tONOC* • W.C.I. • iNOUNO 






■c _ 

Hr. J, FAr.zv Hoover 
1 ' ‘ •; e o t c r , He oral Bureau 
of Investigation 
iVi-ed Hates Dev art-sent 
of Justice Building 
v . Triingtcn, D. C. 

Dear Mr. Hoover: 

r ■ 

~ ar.i pleased to be sending- you he -ev;.: th 
c. :-?ha •: -j uhinxc iaf going to be one 

books. tncuritz. sinth Life is a «p • 

: "ssfu. . rudy or one Chessnan- ease, 

■ crr.oiue:' c.;s false it far beycnr. the 
I the nc-rsonalrl ty of Chess nan hi:-i3.*lf 



NOTE: (continued) 


conviction. This information was furnishes to Los Angelos HHHI 
sister. In view of the nature of tnis book, it is berieved appropriate to 
acknowledge it with an in-absence letter. 

AFHrpar (4) 


nINTK I.IFJC. Br Milton 

Maefcliv. and William Head 
- Woodiield <G. P. Putnam's 

Sons;- $4.95. > 

Caryle Chessman spent 
5 nearly 12 years in San Quen- 
: riji’s death row before his 
eseculior for kidnaping for 
the. purpose of robbing with 
odlly harm on May 2, I960. 
I-iis own -itings, beginning 
with the best selling "Cell 
, .big Death Row" spec- 
>eb?ar f.sht for : ife, his 
! nultiple journeys tnrouc/; 
the courts, the celebrities at- 
tracted to his defense and 
iae tv ot it, .vide reaction all 
.ontrihuted to ma.-ting the 
Jhessmsn case a cause-ce- 

- This book was initiated 
•/hen Mr. Wood/ield — a free- 
! lance v. n 1 m search of a 
story — f ,, preached Ciiess- 
an shortly before ,.s ninth 
'xecuiib.t date and proposed 
'• full c n .t.ssinr. for pcsthu • 
rtou.-, publication 'rtraged.’ 

• 'intssrr ii protested his in-1 -.nd Mr. Woodficlsf to follow the leads 
Chessman rave him until hs k 
caught Cct-ssman in a 5ir 
Mi. Machiin. an editor of 
.argosy Magazine, joined hirr. 

.n the investigation. 

The authors claim impar- 
tiality and make r.cble striv- 
.-■og.s in . at direction. Si>: 
indignation in this emotion - 
•: harped cause liequenti / 
were am - • he objectivity and 
the sect, „ n t consequently 
..•scs impact. 

Not the Man? 

Their search for 'vidrnre 
.cads them to the.-r conclu- 
sions: Ti.-y have uncovered 
enough "suppressed evidence" 
o ler.d some credence to 
Chessman's story that he was 
not the P.ed Light Bandit." 

A fellow convict, wham they 
name, might be the man. ■ 
•Sven if Chessman were the 
mndit, the acts for which he 
was tried were not committed 
—that is. they were less se- 
rious than would warrant the 
death penalty. And even if 
the evidence weren’t ques- 

- innable the condor t nt 
trial was. This involves the 

filial judges' refusal to give 
Chessman dally trsr , Trivia? 
t..e' insistence that 
Chessman remain at the 
counsel table while question- 
ing witnesses, and, more im- 
portantly, the use of a prose- 
cutor's relative with a record 
of alcoholism to transcribe 
the trial testimony from the 
shorthand notes of the court 
leporter who died between 
tnai and sentencing. 

' „ In Pacing responsibility for 
; Chessman's execution, the 
authors acknowledge that 
Chessman himself bears a 
! ^st'se part of the burden for 
: insisting op. directing his own 
. defense— at first inept;.- and 
; later arrogantly. They also 
olame C.r press, the Gover- 
nor and the public. 

A Giant Conspiracy? 

"In the long run, however.” 
tney contend, "ifc is probably 
the agencies of law enforce- I 
ment — motivated by personal , 
Pi'ide. emotional bias, or, per- / 
haps, lack of integrity — which 1 
merit the largest share of j 
the guilt; for deliberately i 

. * i 

•“Justice through 1? years •• I ] t 
(The impressionable ‘would 1 - t 

conclude from the authors' j f i 

frequently intemperate ac- ! j l 

count that police, prosecutors • - 

and the State and Federal l \ , 

Judiciary were all engaged j • 

-n <■. giant conspiracy against i : ■ 

one possibly innocerr man. !; ; j 
■BUv Che.ssman’s case Venn to * • 

.ne Supreme Court at least 5 j ( 
half a dozen times on on’ * I I 
argument or another. j I * 

• It is possible that the merits * 
oi the case got lost in a tv . " 
-angle of :?gal technics hues. I } j 
It. .s possible that the matter ! i ! 

r;„,M he , d '" PUted transcript 5 j 

omd have been resolved i | ; 
more readily b.v a new trial *- t } 

than endless arguments nbouf ; > 

. ; ,,p correctness of the on jinn' ■ 1 • 
iranscript. These questions' ? I ' 

bv ?ho r ' - re belter ansive !cd / ■ ! 

by those irarned in the -aw >. ) 

and a great deal more ob- j ‘ 

; h , an the a ui hots of 
hmth Life." j > 

- Miriam OTTE xnnrrr S * l 


r r> x .]'. 


‘ -J, 

I Nfl'I'D Si AXES i:OVE| ' 

/ : iVLemorcmdun ? 



Mr. De Loach 

i.ate: f -13-61 


M. j ones f 

/ — 

subject: THE\NINTE LIFE” / ' 




• v ... . Tne -"Evening Star 1 ' of 5-14-61 contained a -rev. ^.v of .. » car. 

o°ok by UiriaiL Cttenberg.- This review stated that the authors aite: a...,..: a, 

\ 1 . i' arti i ai ana objective review but noted tsar their indignation in inis ■■ ••lOtiu 
/ cnargea cause frequently overcame their objectivity and resulted in f * i c *s " 
i impact ox the book. 

in connection with this review the Director inc aired "Vx; A . - 

know of Machlin and Woodfield? H. " * " ' ' 



; i 
* ; 



Machlin is also known io the Bureau as the Editor of "Aracsv'' who 
h.u. attempted y..- create a controversy v/ith iae Bureau in connection vvitn our 
investigation oi.^Gordoii Woodbury Marine deserter irivc estigtrrion t ■ He a c ked for on- 
co '.invents on this case in June, 1360, and we told him that a draft of an article he" 
suoruitte.. was m.i.piy a rehash of false allegations previously oublished by the 
d -ertei s fati...i , George Woodbury. Macaiin. tire to. wince .-an 
article refuting the inaccuracies about deserter Woodbury which we refused to do. 

- - — - . . j *¥ . 

Despite the face that he was told of the inaccuracies of the article, " Aruosy'-’ di‘- 
write a brief story about the Woodbury case in the January, 19 Si / issue of” Argom 

REC' 65 — — ..... ,,,, 49 O 

•-par ; .-/\ \ 

■' 26 AEG M-'h \l\ 

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