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D DC FILE COPY 3D A 076160 



Department of Defence 
Defence Science and Technology Organisation 
Armed Forces Food Science Establishment 
Scottsdale, Tasmania 

AFFSE REPORT 2/79 


© COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA, 1979 


Field Evaluation of 
Australian Ration Packs 
Combat Ration (One Man) 

1976/77 (u) 


D D C 

rarpflfl rSIfV 




7 9 11 05 

D. J. LICHTENSTEIN 


( 99 


APPROVED 


FOR PUBLIC RELEASE 






THE UNITED STATES NATIONAL 
TECHNICAL INFORMATION SERVICE 
IS AUTHORISED TO 
REPRODUCE AND SELL THIS REPORT 


APPROVED 

for public releasf 















UNCLASSIFIED 


DEPARTMENT OF DEFENCE 
ARMED FORCES FOOD SCIENCE ESTABLISHMENT 

AFFSE REPORT- 2/79 


FIELD EVALUATION OF AUSTRALIAN RATION PACKS 
COMBAT RATION (ONE MAN) 1976/77 RATION PACKING PROGRAMME 
TRIALLED AT EXERCISE BRAHMAN DRIVE 


D.J.LICHTENSTEIN 


A' ce 11 r. 

| NTIS 
DD ; C T.' : 
Unarm ■ 


COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA, 1979 


*.. _ ’< . • 1 i tr r 

- - - 

jAvail and, 

i:A. i a^vcial 


SUMMARY t l \ | 

Lm '■ ——— 

The five new varieties of the Combat Ration (One Man) 1976/77 Ration Packing 
Programme were trialled and compared with the 1975/76 Combat Ration (One Man) 
pack. 

The results obtained indicated that the 1976/77 pack, as a whole, was an improve¬ 
ment over the previous pack in terms of consumer acceptability and Service suitability. 

These results need to be confirmed at a further field trial. (U) 


POSTAL ADDRESS: 



The Director, 

Armed Forces Food Science Establishment, 
P.O. Box 147, 

Scottsdale, Tasmania. 7254 














DOCUMENT CONTROL DATA SHEET 


UNCLAS 


1. DOCUMENT NUMBERS 

a. AR Number: 001564 

b. Document Series and Number:— 

c. Report Number: 2/79 / 


2. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION 

a. Complete document: 

Unclas 

b. Title in isolation: 

Unclas 

c. Summary in isolation: 

Unclas 


3. TITLE: Field Evaluation of Australian Ration Packs, Combat Ration (One Man) 
1976/77 Ration Packing Programme, trialled at Exercise Brahman Drive. 


4. 

PERSONAL AUTHORS: 

5. 

DOCUMENT DATE: 


Lichtenstein, D. J. 


April, 1979 



6. 

TYPE OF REPORT AND 




PERIOD COVERED: 




Technical Report 

7. 

CORPORATE AUTHOR: 

8 . 

REFERENCE NUMBERS: 


Armed Forces Food Science 
Establishment, 
Scottsdale, Tasmania, Aust. 


10. IMPRINT: 

AFFSE - April, 1979 


a. Task: FSE 76/038 


b. 


Sponsoring Agency: 
DOD (Army) 




9. COST CODE: 241 


11. COMPUTER PROGRAM: 


12. RELEASE LIMITATIONS: 

Approved for public release 


12-0 OVERSEAS: N.O. 



P.R. 

1 

A 


B 


C 


D 


E 



13. ANNOUNCEMENT LIMITATIONS: 


14. DESCRIPTORS: 15. COSATI CODES: 

Military rations, field evaluations, 0608-0204 

acceptability 

16. SUMMARY: 

The five new varieties of the Combat Ration (One Man) 1976/77 Ration Packing 
Programme were trialled and compared with the 1975/76 Combat Ration (One Man) 
pack. 

The results obtained indicated that the 1976/77 pack, as a whole, was an improve¬ 
ment over the previous pack in terms of consumer acceptability and Service suitability. 

These results need to be confirmed at a further field trial. t (U) 


UNCLAS 











CONTENTS 


Abstract 

Introduction . 

Trial and Evaluation 
Results and Discussion 
Recommendations ... 
Acknowledgements ... 
Reference . 


Distribution List 









FIELD EVALUATION OF AUSTRALIAN RATION PACKS 
COMBAT RATION (ONE MAN) 1976/77 RATION PACKING PROGRAMME 
TRIALLED AT EXERCISE BRAHMAN DRIVE 


by 

D. J. Lichtenstein 


INTRODUCTION 

A previous report detailed the results of an extensive field survey undertaken to 
determine the consumer acceptability and service suitability of the Combat Ration (One 
Man) 1975/76 Ration Packing Programme (Badcock and Lichtenstein, 1978). 

Generally it was found that this ration is satisfactory for the task for which it was 
designed. However, there were a number of components which did not meet a satisfactory 
standard. Accordingly, a number of recommendations were made in an attempt to rectify 
these deficiencies, some of which were incorporated during the 1976/77 Ration Packing 
Programme. 

The changes included the deletion of Candy Creamy Fudge in favour of Butterscotch. 
(This was an interim measure subject to satisfactory field acceptability trials). Varieties of 
Canned Fruit were reintroduced. One packet of Survival Biscuits was deleted from each 
ration pack and a tube of Butter Concentrate was a new addition. Potato with Onion 
Powder was a new addition to menus D and E. 


TRIAL AND EVALUATION 

The acceptability and Service suitability of individual components was determined 
as described previously (Badcock and Lichtenstein, 1978). A sample questionnaire is shown 
at Annex A. 

The trial was conducted during the major HQ 1 Div field exercise Brahman Drive. Two 
evenly matched (understrength) platoons were selected as trial subjects. These were 5 PI, 
B Coy 6 RAR and 8 PI, C Coy 8/9 RAR respectively which operated separately from each 
other during the trial period. 

The trial was divided into two phases lasting 5 days each during which time the subjects 
had an opportunity to consume each of the 5 varieties of the 2 different types of ration on 
trial. During phase 1 5 PI consumed the 75/76 Ration type whereas 8 PI consumed the 
76/77 Ration type. During phase 2 the consumption patterns of both platoons were 
reversed. 

Prior to the commencement of phase 1 the subjects were briefed, issued with question¬ 
naires (to be completed following the consumption of the particular item in question), all 
outside sources of food were removed and an initial ration issue was made. However, the 
members of each platoon were allowed to interchange the ration pack components if they 
so desired. During the course of the trial, all unconsumed (unopened) ration pack com¬ 
ponents were returned, with a final return being made at the end of phase 1 when the 
subjects were also debriefed, completed questionnaires returned and new questionnaires 
issued. This procedure was repeated for phase 2. 


1 


RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 


Analysis of Data 

Answers to questions relating to the acceptability, quantity provided and nature of 
the packaging of each ration component are detailed in Tables 1-4. The results are shown 
for each of the 2 sets of conditions under investigation: each ration packing phase and each 
platoon. The popularity ratings of each component, are depicted in descending order of 
decreasing popularity in Tables 5-8. These Tables also compare the actual discard figures 
with stated discards determined from answers to questionnaires. Finally, the summary of 
acceptability, percent dislike, and percent discard data of individual ration components 
for each of the conditions under investigation, are compared with summary results from 
previous surveys in Tables 9-11 respectively. 

In general the results for the 75/76 ration packing phase confirm the ratings accorded 
previously (Badcock and Lichtenstein, 1978), suggesting that the sample of soldiers surveyed 
was typical of those surveyed previously. In addition, it would seem that the changes made 
in the 76/77 ration packing phase, in response to the previous surveys, have resulted in an 
increased acceptance of the Combat Ration (One Man). These results are discussed below 
in greater detail. 

Whereas both platoons rated the 76/77 pack at an overall average acceptability factor 
of 0.9, 5 PI was more critical of the earlier pack compared with 8 PI (0.5 and 0.8 respect¬ 
ively). This may have been an over reaction on the part of 5 PI to consuming the 75/76 pack 
during phase 2 of the trial following the initial exposure to the more acceptable 76/77 pack. 
This figure may be compared with the previously determined overall battalion average 
acceptability factor of 0.7 (range 0.6-0.9) for the 75/76 ration pack (Badcock and 
Lichtenstein, 1978). 

Cereal Block, Survival Biscuits, Candy Creamy Fudge, Orange Beverage Powder, Lemon 
Beverage Powder, Lime Beverage Powder, Camp Pie, Luncheon Meat and Corned Beef were 
considered unacceptable (Tables 1-4). Each of these listed items have previously been shown 
to be unacceptable on a number of occasions. On the other hand none of the new items on 
trial were deemed to be unacceptable. 

The discard figures for each component (Tables 5-8) show a somewhat tenuous inverse 
relationship between acceptability and the discard rate. However, as shown previously 
(Badcock and Lichtenstein, 1978) certain items, such as canned meats products, which 
although are either unacceptable or barely acceptable, are not as readily discarded as more 
acceptable items. Generally, the actual discard rates for components were higher than what 
the user believed they were. 

Perhaps the surprise was the amount of rice actually discarded by 5 PI (81% in the case 
of the 75/76 pack and 57% for 76/77 pack). This can be compared with the average discard 
rate of 5% for Potato with Onion Powder (for both platoons). It must be noted however 
that rice in the Combat Ration (One Man) is a precooked hot air dried product, requiring at 
least 10 minutes preparation time. 

Despite the user plea for the addition of more adjuncts, the discard figures for the 
current adjuncts. Salt, Curry Powder, Beef and Chicken Soup Powders are rather high. Also, 
contrary to popular opinion, the actual discard figures suggest that there is sufficient Tea, 
Coffee, Sugar and Condensed Milk in the ration pack for soldiers engaged in infantry-like 
activities. 

Of the new items, only Butter Concentrate was discarded in significant quantities (35% 
and 16% respectively for 5 and 8 Pis). The deletion of one packet of Survival Biscuits 
resulted only in a marginal reduction in the discard rate, which is still significant. 

User Comments 

Generally, it was felt that the inclusion of Canned Fruit and Potato with Onion Powder 
was a step in the right direction in improving pack and that Butterscotch was an improve¬ 
ment over Candy Creamy Fudge. However, the major criticisms expressed previously (Badcock 
and Lichtenstein, 1978) still remain such as the lack of variety in the menus. Only those 
comments which have not been reported previously are included in this report. 










7% of the users stated that the Canned Fruit containers were too fragile being broken 
easily under field conditions. 5% stated that the Chocolate Block left a dry taste in the 
mouth making one feel sick. 2% stated that Butterscotch was far too soft and tasteless. 
2% stated that there was too much butter in the packs. 

Suggested improvements were along the same lines as those reported previously 
(Badcock and Lichtenstein, 1978) with the following additional suggestions: include a 
small refresher towel in each pack (7%): a larger quantity of Potato with Onion Powder 
should be included (7%), the majority of the packs should have Potato with Onion Powder 
(5%); the sweets should be replaced by mixed dried fruits (5%); there should be a different 
variety of sweets in each ration pack (5%); all cans should have flat surfaces (5%); the cans 
should be constructed out of a lighter material such as aluminium (2%); there should be a 
different variety of Chewing Gum in each pack (2%); the Survival Biscuits should be re¬ 
placed by Canned Bread (2%); the Granulated Sugar should be replaced by Sugar Cubes 
(2%); the current fruit beverage base powders should be replaced by the "White Wings" 
brand (2%); the immediate pack should be a resealable plastic bag which can be resealed 
when not in use to maintain the pack items and keep out foreign material (2%). 


RECOMMENDATIONS 

The previous recommendations (Badcock and Lichtenstein, 1978) which have not yet 
been implemented are still valid as a result of this trial. It is recommended that a further 
trial be undertaken using 2 representative platoons from 2 other battalions to substantiate 
the data on the Combat Ration (One Man) 76/77 Ration Packing Programme. However, 
there is no need to conduct any further trials on the Combat Ration (One Man) 75/76 
Ration Packing Programme, as sufficient data has been generated on this pack. 


A CKNOWL EDGEMENTS 

My thanks are to HQ 1 Div, HQ 6 TF, 6 RAR and 8/9 RAR for allowing the trial to 
take place and the excellent organisation which lead to the success of the trial. Special 
thanks are accorded to the participants in the trial and their commanders who had to forgo, 
among other things, a fresh meal. 

I was ably assisted in the field by Maj A. H. Fairbrother (Det) AFFSE. I acknowledge 
also the assistance of Messrs. W. Badcock and D. Dunkley in the final analysis of the ques¬ 
tionnaires. 


REFERENCE 


Badcock, W. E. and Lichtenstein, D. J. (1978), AFFSE Report 4/78. 





TABLE 1 

Exercise: Brahman Drive COMBAT RATION (ONE MAN) QUESTIONNAl F SULTS 

Unit: 5 PI, B Coy, 6 RAR 

No. of Subjects = 21 Average Age = 21.1 Av Yrs Servio i 1 % Marri 


ACCEPTABILITY 


Cereal Block 

Survival Biscuits 

Sweet Biscuits 

Cheese 

Chocolate 

Chewing Gum 

Candy Creamy Fudge 

Sweetened Condensed Milk 

Sugar 

Tea Bags 

Instant Coffee 

Salt 

Instant Rice 
Curry Powder 
Orange Drink Powder 
Lemon Drink Powder 
Lime Drink Powder 

Ham and Eggs 
Plum Jam 

Beef and Vegetables 

Pork and Beans 
Raspberry Jam 
Corned Beef Hash 

Camp Pie 
Apricot Jam 
Beef and Gravy 

Sausages and Vegetables 
Blackberry Jam 
Beef Soup Powder 
Luncheon Meat 

Beef and Egg 
Peach Jam 

Chicken Soup Powder 
Corned Beef 


Accept¬ 

ability 

Mean 

%Dis- 

like 

%Not 

tried 

%Not 

replied 

% 

Alright 

-1.10 

67 

5 

0 

33 

-0.45 

43 

5 

0 

33 

0.86 

19 

0 

0 

71 

1.40 

10 

5 

0 

38 

0.86 

14 

0 

0 

62 

0.24 

19 

0 

0 

52 

-1.29 

71 

0 

0 

33 

1.43 

10 

0 

0 

38 

1.38 

0 

0 

0 

67 

1.52 

0 

o 

0 

57 

1.05 

14 

0 

0 

38 

0.76 

5 

19 

0 

81 

0.27 

14 

29 

0 

57 

0.38 

14 

38 

0 

48 

0.00 

33 

24 

0 

38 

-0.25 

43 

24 

0 

43 

-0.12 

38 

19 

0 

43 

0.65 

24 

5 

0 

52 

1.10 

0 

5 

0 

71 

1.05 

10 

0 

0 

67 

0.70 

19 

5 

0 

57 

0.95 

5 

5 

0 

67 

0.50 

24 

5 

0 

67 

0.41 

29 

19 

0 

57 

1.00 

0 

5 

0 

76 

0.52 

29 

0 

0 

71 

0.81 

24 

0 

0 

48 

1.00 

5 

5 

0 

62 

0.28 

19 

14 

0 

76 

-0.60 

52 

5 

0 

52 

0.70 

19 

5 

0 

67 

1.00 

5 

5 

0 

62 

0.50 

14 

14 

0 

81 

-0.25 

48 

5 

0 

52 


AMOUNT 

%Not 

suff 

%Too 

much 

%Dis- 

card 

0 

10 

57 

5 

24 

38 

29 

0 

0 

52 

0 

10 

33 

0 

5 

24 

5 

19 

0 

10 

57 

57 

5 

0 

19 

14 

0 

38 

0 

5 

57 

5 

0 

5 

0 

10 

10 

5 

29 

10 

5 

33 

10 

5 

48 

5 

5 

48 

10 

5 

43 

43 

0 

5 

19 

0 

10 

24 

5 

0 

33 

0 

10 

24 

0 

5 

14 

10 

5 

24 

0 

19 

19 

0 

5 

19 

5 

5 

48 

5 

0 

29 

0 

10 

5 

0 

19 

5 

19 

24 

29 

5 

0 

29 

0 

10 

5 

0 

14 

14 

10 

24 



Overall Average = 0.51 


75/76 RPP 


I = 24 


PACKAGING 


DO 

»V 

%Too 

crackly 

%Too 

flimsy 

%Too 

bulky 

%Not 

replied 


10 

5 

5 

0 


5 

14 

5 

0 


5 

19 

5 

0 


0 

0 

5 

0 


33 

5 

0 

0 

; 

14 

0 

0 

0 


5 

0 

10 

0 


0 

5 

0 

0 


5 

33 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

0 


0 

5 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

0 


5 

10 

0 

0 


5 

10 

0 

0 


5 

10 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

0 


0 

5 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

0 


0 

5 

0 

0 

i 

0 

0 

0 

0 

i 

0 

0 

0 

0 

1 

0 

5 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

0 


o 

0 

0 

0 


0 

5 

0 

0 


0 

5 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

0 


0 

5 

0 

0 


0 

5 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

0 








TABLE 2 


Exercise: Brahman Drive COMBAT 

RATION (ONE MAN) 

QUESTIONNAII 

1 SULTS 

Unit: 8 PI, C Coy, 8/9 RAR 




No. of Subjects = 22 

Average Age = 22.6 

Av Yrs Service 

% Married = 3 


ITEMS 

acceptability 

AMOUNT 

Accept¬ 

ability 

Mean 

%Dis- 

like 

%Not 

tried 

%Not 

replied 

% 

Alright 

%Not 

suff 

%Too 

much 

%Dis- 

card 

%Not 

replied 

% 

Alright 

%Too 

shiny 

Cereal Block 

-0.52 

50 

5 

0 

45 

0 

18 

36 

0 

100 

0 

Survival Biscuits 

0.19 

14 

5 

0 

64 

0 

32 

5 

0 

95 

0 

Sweet Biscuits 

0.73 

5 

0 

0 

64 

14 

18 

5 

0 

82 

0 

Cheese 

1.27 

9 

0 

0 

59 

32 

9 

0 

0 

86 

14 

Chocolate 

0.77 

14 

0 

0 

77 

9 

5 

9 

0 

64 

14 

Chewing Gum 

0.18 

14 

0 

0 

68 

5 

9 

18 

0 

55 

27 

Candy Creamy Fudge 

-0.14 

41 

0 

0 

36 

14 

14 

36 

0 

100 

0 

Sweetened Condensed Milk 

1.50 

0 

0 

0 

59 

27 

14 

0 

0 

64 

0 

Sugar 

1.27 

0 

0 

0 

64 

9 

27 

0 

0 

64 

o 

Tea Bags 

0.91 

9 

0 

0 

64 

18 

9 

9 

o 

91 

0 

Instant Coffee 

1.57 

0 

5 

0 

55 

32 

9 

5 

0 

100 

0 

Salt 

0.95 

0 

0 

0 

91 

5 

5 

0 

0 

91 

0 

Instant Rice 

1.55 

0 

0 

0 

64 

32 

5 

0 

0 

100 

0 

Curry Powder 

0.68 

18 

0 

0 

73 

5 

14 

9 

0 

100 

0 

Orange Drink Powder 

0.33 

27 

5 

0 

64 

14 

5 

18 

0 

100 

0 

Lemon Drink Powder 

0.29 

27 

5 

0 

68 

9 

5 

18 

0 

100 

0 

Lime Drink Powder 

0.24 

32 

5 

0 

59 

14 

5 

23 

0 

100 

0 

Ham and Eggs 

0.09 

41 

0 

0 

41 

27 

18 

14 

0 

64 

36 

Plum Jam 

1.36 

0 

0 

0 

77 

14 

9 

0 

0 

86 

0 

Beef and Vegetables 

1.59 

0 

0 

0 

55 

36 

9 

0 

0 

64 

36 

Pork and Beans 

1.18 

14 

0 

0 

41 

50 

9 

0 

0 

64 

36 

Raspberry Jam 

1.41 

0 

0 

0 

77 

14 

9 

0 

0 

86 

0 

Corned Beef Hash 

0.32 

32 

0 

0 

77 

9 

14 

0 

0 

64 

36 

Camp Pie 

0.05 

41 

0 

0 

45 

23 

18 

14 

0 

64 

36 

Apricot Jam 

1.27 

5 

0 

0 

73 

18 

9 

0 

0 

86 

0 ' 

Beef and Gravy 

1.41 

5 

0 

0 

59 

27 

9 

5 

0 

64 

36 

Sausages and Vegetables 

1.68 

0 

0 

0 

32 

64 

5 

0 

0 

68 

32 

Blackberry Jam 

1.36 

0 

0 

0 

73 

18 

9 

0 

0 

82 

5 

Beef Soup Powder 

1.09 

5 

0 

0 

73 

23 

5 

0 

0 

91 

5 

Luncheon Meat 

-0.36 

50 

0 

0 

50 

9 

23 

18 

0 

64 

32 

Beef and Egg 

0.00 

41 

0 

0 

41 

23 

23 

14 

0 

68 

32 

Peach Jam 

1.27 

5 

0 

0 

77 

14 

9 

0 

0 

82 

5 

Chicken Soup Powder 

1.18 

9 

0 

0 

73 

23 

5 

0 

0 

95 

5 

Corned Beef 

-0.18 

_ 

41 

0 

0 

68 

_ 

0 

18 

14 

0 

64 

32 i 


Overall Average = 0.78 


/ 















TABLE 3 


Exercise. Brahman Drive COMBAT RATION (ONE MAN) QUESTIONN E Rt LTS 


Unit: 5 PI. B Coy, 6 rlAR 

No. of Subjects = 20 Average Age = 20.8 Av Yrs Serv 2.9 % Married ■ 


ITEMS 

ACCEPTABILITY 

AMOUNT 


Accept¬ 

ability 

Mean 

%Di$- 

like 

%Not 

tried 

%Not 

replied 

% 

Alright 

%Not 

suff 

%Too 

much 

%D.s 

card 

%Not 

replied 

% 

Alright 

%Too 

shiny 

Cereal Block 

-0.89 

60 

10 

0 

45 

0 

15 

40 

0 

90 

0 

Survival Biscuits 

-0.61 

50 

10 

0 

40 

5 

15 

40 

0 

85 

0 

Sweet Biscuits 

0.75 

15 

0 

0 

85 

10 

0 

0 

5 

85 

0 

Butter Concentrate 

0.82 

10 

10 

5 

70 

0 

10 

10 

10 

95 

0 

Cheese 

1.21 

10 

5 

0 

50 

40 

0 

5 

5 

100 

0 

Chocolate 

0.95 

10 

5 

0 

60 

15 

5 

10 

10 

70 

10 

Chewing Gum 

0.30 

20 

0 

0 

55 

20 

10 

10 

5 

85 

5 

Butterscotch 

1.20 

0 

0 

0 

65 

25 

5 

0 

5 

50 

0 

Sweetened Condensed Milk 

1.15 

5 

0 

0 

55 

35 

5 

0 

5 

90 

0 

Sugar 

1.20 

0 

0 

0 

75 

10 

10 

0 

5 

55 

5 

Tea Bags 

1.45 

0 

0 

0 

55 

40 

0 

0 

5 

100 

0 

Instant Coffee 

1.35 

5 

0 

0 

55 

35 

5 

0 

5 

100 

0 

Salt 

0.74 

5 

5 

0 

85 

0 

5 

5 

5 

90 

0 

Instant Rice 

0.28 

20 

10 

0 

65 

5 

5 

20 

5 

90 

0 

Potato with Onion Powder 

1.35 

5 

5 

10 

65 

20 

0 

5 

10 

85 

0 

Curry Powder 

0.47 

15 

15 

0 

65 

5 

0 

25 

5 

95 

0 

Orange Drink Powder 

1.00 

5 

5 

0 

75 

10 

0 

10 

5 

100 

0 

Lemon Drink Powder 

0.74 

15 

5 

0 

75 

10 

0 

10 

5 

100 

0 

Lime Drink Powder 

1.00 

5 

5 

0 

80 

10 

0 

5 

5 

100 

0 

Peaches 

2.00 

0 

0 

0 

35 

60 

0 

0 

5 

75 

0 

Pears 

2.00 

0 

0 

0 

35 

60 

0 

0 

5 

75 

0 

Two Fruits 

2.00 

0 

0 

0 

35 

60 

0 

0 

5 

75 

0 

Ham and Eggs 

0.58 

30 

5 

0 

45 

30 

10 

15 

0 

65 

35 

Plum Jam 

1.25 

0 

0 

0 

90 

10 

0 

0 

0 

90 

0 

Beef and Vegetables 

0.90 

20 

0 

0 

85 

10 

0 

5 

0 

60 

35 

Pork and Beans 

0.65 

25 

0 

0 

65 

30 

5 

0 

0 

60 

35 

Raspberry Jam 

1.30 

0 

0 

0 

90 

10 

0 

0 

0 

90 

0 

Corned Beef Hash 

0.75 

20 

0 

0 

75 

15 

5 

5 

0 

60 

35 

Camp Pie 

0.40 

30 

0 

0 

55 

20 

10 

15 

0 

70 

30 

Apricot Jam 

1.30 

0 

0 

0 

85 

15 

0 

0 

0 

90 

0 

Beef with Gravy 

0.65 

20 

0 

0 

70 

15 

5 

10 

0 

65 

30 

Sausages and Vegetables 

0.75 

25 

0 

0 

50 

35 

15 

0 

0 

65 

35 

Blackberry Jam 

1.25 

0 

0 

0 

90 

10 

0 

0 

0 

90 

0 

Beef Soup Powder 

0.78 

10 

10 

0 

90 

0 

5 

5 

0 

100 

0 

Luncheon Meat 

-0.63 

55 

5 

0 

60 

5 

10 

25 

0 

60 

35 

Beef and Eggs 

0.53 

30 

5 

0 

45 

35 

15 

5 

0 

70 

30 

Peach Jam 

1.20 

0 

0 

0 

90 

10 

0 

o 

0 

90 

0 

Chicken Soup Powder 

1.00 

5 

10 

0 

90 

0 

0 

10 

0 

95 

5 

Corned Beef 

0.00 

40 

0 

5 

70 

5 

10 

15 

0 

60 

35 


Overall Average = 0.85 






76/77 RPP 





















TABLE 4 


Exercise: Brahman Drive COMBAT RATION (ONE MAN) QUESTIONNAi £ RESULTS 76 

Unit: 8 PI, C Coy, 8/9 RAR 

No. of Subjects = 22 Average Age = 22.3 Av Yrs Service =3 % Married = 3! 


ITEMS 

ACCEPTABILITY 

AMOUNT 


Accept¬ 

ability 

Mean 

%Dis- 

1 ike 

%Not 

tried 

%Not 

replied 

% 

Alright 

%Not 

suff 

%Too 

much 

%D.s- 

card 

N ° 

replied 

% 

Alright 

%Too 

shiny 

Cereal Block 

-0.68 

55 

0 

0 

41 

0 

5 

50 

5 

91 

0 

Survival Biscuits 

0.32 

18 

0 

0 

59 

18 

9 

9 

5 

91 

0 

Sweet Biscuits 

0.95 

14 

0 

0 

82 

5 

14 

0 

0 

73 

0 

Butter Concentrate 

0.82 

9 

0 

0 

73 

0 

14 

14 

0 

86 

0 

Cheese 

1.55 

0 

0 

0 

55 

45 

0 

0 

0 

86 

14 

Chocolate 

0.91 

14 

0 

0 

77 

9 

0 

14 

0 

59 

14 

Chewing Gum 

0.59 

14 

0 

0 

68 

14 

0 

18 

0 

68 

18 

Butterscotch 

1.00 

14 

0 

0 

73 

14 

0 

14 

0 

50 

5 

Sweetened Condensed Milk 

1.45 

0 

0 

0 

68 

23 

9 

0 

0 

82 

0 

Sugar 

1.27 

0 

0 

0 

86 

0 

14 

0 

0 

68 

9 

Tea Bags 

1.10 

5 

5 

0 

68 

23 

0 

9 

0 

86 

9 

Instant Coffee 

1.33 

0 

5 

0 

68 

23 

5 

5 

0 

91 

5 

Salt 

0.64 

5 

0 

0 

95 

0 

5 

0 

0 

86 

9 

Instant Rice 

1.41 

5 

0 

0 

64 

32 

0 

5 

0 

95 

0 

Potato with Onion Powder 

1.67 

0 

0 

5 

73 

23 

0 

0 

5 

95 

0 

Curry Powder 

0.64 

18 

0 

0 

77 

9 

5 

9 

0 

100 

0 

Orange Drink Powder 

-0.15 

36 

9 

0 

59 

9 

0 

32 

0 

100 

0 

Lemon Drink Powder 

-0.10 

36 

9 

0 

64 

5 

0 

32 

0 

100 

0 

Lime Drink Powder 

-0.10 

36 

9 

0 

59 

9 

0 

32 

0 

100 

0 

Peaches 

2.00 

0 

0 

0 

36 

59 

0 

0 

5 

86 

9 

Pears 

2.00 

0 

0 

0 

36 

59 

0 

0 

5 

86 

9 

Two Fruits 

2.00 

0 

0 

0 

36 

59 

0 

0 

5 

82 

9 

Ham and Eggs 

0.09 

32 

0 

0 

41 

32 

5 

23 

0 

55 

45 

Plum Jam 

1.18 

5 

0 

0 

77 

14 

5 

5 

0 

91 

0 

Beef and Vegetables 

1.52 

0 

0 

0 

77 

18 

0 

0 

5 

50 

45 

Pork and Beans 

0.64 

23 

0 

0 

32 

55 

5 

9 

0 

55 

45 

Raspberry Jam 

1.36 

5 

0 

0 

82 

14 

5 

0 

0 

91 

0 

Corned Beef Hash 

0.36 

32 

0 

0 

77 

14 

5 

5 

0 

50 

45 

Camp Pie 

-0.05 

41 

0 

0 

41 

23 

18 

18 

0 

55 

45 

Apricot Jam 

1.05 

9 

0 

0 

77 

14 

9 

0 

0 

91 

0 

Beef with Gravy 

1.36 

5 

0 

0 

77 

23 

0 

0 

0 

55 

45 

Sausages and Vegetables 

1.50 

0 

0 

0 

50 

50 

0 

0 

0 

55 

45 

Blackberry Jam 

1.09 

9 

0 

0 

82 

14 

5 

0 

0 

95 

0 

Beef Soup Powder 

0.91 

14 

0 

0 

73 

18 

0 

9 

0 

95 

0 

Luncheon Meat 

0.00 

36 

0 

0 

64 

0 

18 

18 

0 

45 

50 

Beef and Eggs 

0.23 

36 

0 

0 

41 

27 

9 

23 

0 

55 

45 

Peach Jam 

1.09 

5 

0 

0 

82 

14 

5 

0 

0 

91 

0 

Chicken Soup Powder 

1.18 

9 

0 

0 

82 

9 

0 

9 

0 

100 

0 

Corned Beef 

-0.05 

41 

0 

0 

68 

0 

14 

18 

0 

50 

45 


Overall Average = 0.87 




m rpp 




3 





PACKAGING 


%Too 

%Too 

%Too 

%Not 


crackly 

flimsy 

bulky 

replied 


5 

0 

0 

5 


5 

5 

0 

0 


5 

18 

5 

0 


0 

14 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

0 


23 

0 

5 

0 


0 

9 

0 

5 


41 

0 

0 

5 


5 

14 

0 

0 


9 

14 

0 

0 


5 

0 

0 

0 


0 

5 

0 

0 


0 

5 

0 

0 


5 

0 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

5 


0 

0 

0 

0 


0 

o 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

5 


0 

0 

0 

5 


0 

0 

0 

9 


0 

0 

0 

0 


0 

9 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

5 


0 

0 

0 

0 


0 

9 

0 

0 


0 

0 

5 

0 


0 

0 

0 

0 


0 

9 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

0 


0 

5 

0 

0 


0 

5 

0 

0 


0 

0 

5 

0 


0 

0 

0 

0 


0 

9 

0 

0 


0 

0 

0 

0 

L 

0 

0 

5 

0 




















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TABLE 9 


SUMMARY: ACCEPTABILITY - COMPARISONS WITH PREVIOUS SURVEYS 


Exercise: Brahman Drive 


Ration Packing Programme 

75/76 

75/76 

76/77 

Sub-units 

Average 

5 PI, B Coy 

8 PI, C Coy 

5 PI, B Coy 

8 PI, C Coy 


All Units 

6 RAR 

8/9 RAR 

6 RAR 

8/9 RAR 

Dates 

75-77 

10-15 Oct 

16-20 Oct 

16-20 Oct 

10-15 Oct 

Average Age 

23.8 

21.1 

22.6 

20.8 

22,3 

Av Yrs Service 

4.7 

3.1 

3.1 

2.9 

3.1 

Percent Married 

40 

24 

36 

25 

32 

No of Subjects 

2112 

21 

22 

20 

22 

Cereal Block 

-0.19 

-1.10 

-0.52 

-0.89 

-0.68 

Survival Biscuits 

-0.31 

-0.45 

0.19 

-0.61 

0.32 

Sweet Biscuits 

0.84 

0.86 

0.73 

0.75 

0.95 

Butter Concentrate 

***** 

***** 

***** 

0.82 

0.82 

Cheese 

1.60 

1.40 

1.27 

1.21 

1.55 

Chocolate 

1.06 

0.86 

0.77 

0.95 

0.91 

Chewing Gum 

0.93 

0.24 

0.18 

0.30 

0.59 

Candy Creamy Fudge 

-0.28 

-1.29 

-0.14 

***** 

***** 

Butterscotch 

***** 

***** 

***** 

1.20 

1.00 

Sweetened Condensed Milk 

1.66 

1.43 

1.50 

1.15 

1.45 

Sugar 

1.63 

1.38 

1.27 

1.20 

1.27 

Tea Bags 

1.32 

1.52 

0.91 

1.45 

1.10 

Instant Coffee 

1.54 

1.05 

1.57 

1.35 

1.33 

Salt 

1.22 

0.76 

0.95 

0.74 

0.64 

Instant Rice 

1.16 

0.27 

1.55 

0.28 

1.41 

Potato with Onion Powder 

***** 

***** 

***** 

1.35 

1.67 

Curry Powder 

0.81 

0.38 

0.68 

0.47 

0.64 

Orange Drink Powder 

0.46 

0.00 

0.33 

1.00 

-0.15 

Lemon Drink Powder 

0.41 

-0.25 

0.29 

0.74 

-0.10 

Lime Drink Powder 

0.33 

-0.12 

0.24 

1.00 

-0.10 

Peaches 

***** 

***** 

***** 

2.00 

2.00 

Pears 

***** 

***** 

***** 

2.00 

2.00 

Two Fruits 

***** 

***** 

***** 

2.00 

2.00 

Ham and Eggs 

0.57 

0.65 

0.09 

0.58 

0.09 

Plum Jam 

1.00 

1.10 

1.36 

1.25 

1.18 

Beef and Vegetables 

1.32 

1.05 

1.59 

0.90 

1.52 

Pork and Beans 

1.09 

0.70 

1.18 

0.65 

0.64 

Raspberry Jam 

1.12 

0.95 

1.41 

1.30 

1.36 

Corned Beef Hash 

0.68 

0.50 

0.32 

0.75 

0.36 

Camp Pie 

0.51 

0.41 

0.05 

0.40 

-0.05 

Apricot Jam 

1.02 

1.00 

1.27 

1.30 

1.05 

Beef with Gravy 

1.06 

0.52 

1.41 

0.65 

1.36 

Sausages and Vegetables 

0.87 

0.81 

1.68 

0.75 

1.50 

Blackberry Jam 

1.11 

1.00 

1.36 

1.25 

1.09 

Beef Soup Powder 

1.07 

0.28 

1.09 

0.78 

0.91 

Luncheon Meat 

0.41 

-0.60 

-0.36 

-0.63 

0.00 

Beef and Eggs 

0.52 

0.70 

0.00 

0.53 

0.23 

Peach Jam 

0.97 

1.00 

1.27 

1.20 

1.09 

Chicken Soup Powder 

1.14 

0.50 

1.18 

1.00 

1.18 

Corned Beef 

0.40 

-0.25 

-0.18 

0.00 

-0.05 

Overall Average 

0.89 

0.51 

0.78 

0.85 

0.87 


■aMKUBnMtaMt 







TABLE 10 

SUMMARY: PERCENT DISLIKE - COMPARISONS WITH PREVIOUS SURVEYS 


Exercise: Brahman Drive 


Ration Packing Programme 

75/76 

75/76 

76/77 

Sub-units 

Average 

5 PI, B Coy 

8 PI, C Coy 

5 PI, B Coy 

8 PI, C Coy 


All Units 

6 RAR 

8/9 RAR 

6 RAR 

8/9 RAR 

Dates 

75-77 

10-15 Oct 

16-20 Oct 

16-20 Oct 

10-15 Oct 

Average Age 

23.8 

21.1 

22.6 

20.8 

22.3 

Av Yrs Service 

4.7 

3.1 

3.1 

2.9 

3.1 

Percent Married 

40 

24 

36 

25 

32 

No of Subjects 

2112 

21 

22 

20 

22 

Cereal Block 

45 

67 

50 

60 

55 

Survival Biscuits 

45 

43 

14 

50 

18 

Sweet Biscuits 

17 

19 

5 

15 

14 

Butter Concentrate 

* * 

## 

* * 

10 

9 

Cheese 

3 

10 

9 

10 

0 

Chocolate 

12 

14 

14 

10 

14 

Chewing Gum 

12 

19 

14 

20 

14 

Candy Creamy Fudge 

49 

71 

41 

** 

* * 

Butterscotch 

** 

# * 

# * 

0 

14 

Sweetened Condensed Milk 

2 

10 

0 

5 

0 

Sugar 

2 

0 

0 

0 

0 

Tea Bags 

9 

0 

9 

0 

5 

Instant Coffee 

7 

14 

0 

5 

0 

Salt 

3 

5 

0 

5 

5 

Instant Rice 

10 

14 

0 

20 

5 

Potato with Onion Powder 

** 

* * 

* * 

5 

0 

Curry Powder 

17 

14 

18 

15 

18 

Orange Drink Powder 

27 

33 

27 

5 

36 

Lemon Drink Powder 

28 

43 

27 

15 

36 

Lime Drink Powder 

31 

38 

32 

5 

36 

Peaches 

** 

* * 

# * 

0 

0 

Pears 

# * 

* * 

* * 

0 

0 

Two Fruits 

** 

»* 

* * 

0 

0 

Ham and Eggs 

25 

24 

41 

30 

32 

Plum Jam 

9 

0 

0 

0 

5 

Beef and Vegetables 

7 

10 

0 

20 

0 

Pork and Beans 

13 

19 

14 

25 

23 

Raspberry Jam 

8 

5 

0 

0 

5 

Corned Beef Hash 

23 

24 

32 

20 

32 

Camp Pie 

27 

29 

41 

30 

41 

Apricot Jam 

10 

0 

5 

0 

9 

Beef with Gravy 

14 

29 

5 

20 

5 

Sausages and Vegetables 

20 

24 

0 

25 

0 

Blackberry Jam 

9 

5 

0 

0 

9 

Beef Soup Powder 

9 

19 

5 

10 

14 

Luncheon Meat 

29 

52 

50 

55 

36 

Beef and Eggs 

26 

19 

41 

30 

36 

Peach Jam 

10 

5 

5 

0 

5 

Chicken Soup Powder 

9 

14 

9 

5 

9 

Corned Beef 

30 

48 

41 

40 

41 

Overall Average 

16 

» 

15 

17 

22 








Exercise 


Annex A 


Armed Forces Food Science Establishment 
Scottsdale, Tasmania 


COMBAT RATION (ONE MAN) 
USER QUESTIONNAIRE 


1. As a consumer of the rations you are in the best position to advise us 
on any changes that should be made. 

2. Please complete this questionnaire by recording your honest reactions. 

3. All answers will be treated as confidential. 


Name and Rank 


Unit 


Squadron 

Company 

Battery 


Regiment 


Corps 


ARA 

ARes 


(Delete words not applicable) 


Age 


Married CJ 


Single □ 


Years of Service 












Please tick whichever boxes (in < of the tf ? sets) you t 

ITEMS C( ON TO /IORE THAI 


QUALITY 

Cereal 

Block 

Survival 

Biscuits 

Sweet 

Biscuits 

Butter 

Concen¬ 

trate 

Cheese 

Chocolate 

Chewing 

Gum 

Butter 

Scotch 

Ss 

C 

K 

Sugar 

'8 

9* 

Instant 

Collee 

Like Extremely 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

L 

□ 

□ 

□ 

Like Moderately 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

C 

□ 

3 

□ 

Neither Like Nor Dislike 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

O 

□ 

□ 

□ 

Dislike Moderately 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

Dislike Extremely 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

Did Not Try It 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 


AMOUNT 











' 


Not Enough 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ C 

About Right 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ C 

Too Much 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ c 

Discarded It 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ c 

PACKAGING 













Satisfactory 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ d 

Too Shiny 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ □ 

Too Crackly 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ □ 

Too Flimsy 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ □ 

Too Bulky 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

n 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ 

□ □ 




Menu A 




Menu B 




Menu C 


QUALITY 


Ham 
& Eggs 

Plum 

Jam 

Beef 
& Vegs 


Pork 
& Beans 

Raspberry 

Jam 

Corned 

Beef 

Hash 


Camp 

P.e 

Apricot 

Jam 

Beef 

with 

Gravy 

Like Extremely 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 

Like Moderately 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 

Neither Like Nor Dislike 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 

Dislike Moderately 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 

Dislike Extremely 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 

Did Not Try It 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 














Not Enough 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 

About Right 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 

Too Much 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 

Discarded It 

PACKAGING 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 

Satisfactory 

Too Shiny 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 

Too Crackly 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 

Too Flimsy 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 

Too Bulky 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 


□ 

□ 

□ 



|hink describe the particular food item best. 

N ONE VARIETY 












Thank you for your help. When the results are gathered and analysed, 
your thoughts could be important in improving the ration packs. 






DISTRIBUTION LIST 


DEFENCE ESTABLISHMENTS 


No. of 
Copies 


DEFENCE ESTABLISHMENTS Cont'd. 


No. of 
Copies 


Department of Defence, 

Russell Offices, 

CANBERRA, A.C.T. 2600 

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(b) Deputy Chief Defence Scientist 
Ic) J10 (DDSTI) 

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Campbell Park Offices, 

CANBERRA, A.C.T. 2600 

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(b) Superintendent, 

Science and Technology Programs 
(cl Defence Information Services Branch 
(d) Defence Central Library 
Department of Defence (Arm r Office). 

Russell Offices, 

CANBERRA, A.C.T. 2600 

(a) Chief of Material 

(b) Director General of Material 

(c) Director General of Logistics 

(d) Director General of Army Development 

(e) Director of Infantry 

(f) Director of Catering 

(g) Directorate of Army Development, 

Cl- Scientific Adviser — Army 

Department of Defence (Air Force Office) 

Russell Offices, 

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(b) Director of Catering and Services 
(DCATSER V-AF) 

Senior Librarian 

Aeronautical Research Laboratories, 

P.O. Box 4331, 

MELBOURNE, Vic. 3001 
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G.P.O. Box 2151, 

ADELAIDE, S.A. 5001 

Joint Tropical Trials and Research Establishment, 
P.O.Box 931, 

INNISFAIL, Old. 4860 

Directorate of Supply (Technical Services), 

Department of Defence (Army Office), 

G.P.O. Box 1932R, 

MELBOURNE, Vic. 3001 
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HQ Logistic Command, 

St. James Plaza, 

G.P.O. Box 1932R, 

MELBOURNE, Vic. 3001 
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1 Headquarters, 

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t RAAF, 

Defence Centre, 

366 St. Kilda Road, 

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_ HQ 1 MD, 

Victoria Barracks, 

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SYDNEY, N.S.W. 2000 
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Victoria Barracks, 

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51 Sup Bn, 

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Anglesea Barracks, 

HOBART, Tas. 7002 

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Milpo, 

BANDIANA, Vic. 3662 

2 Commandant, 

RAAF Staff College, 

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Tasmanian Regional Laboratory, 

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HOBART, Tas. 7000 
The Librarian, 

CSIRO Division of Food Research, 

3 P.O. Box 52, 

NORTH RYDE, N.S.W. 2113 
The Librarian, 

CSIRO Dairy Research L;Soratory, 
P.O. Box 20, 

3 HIGHETT, Vic. 3190 

Aust. Government Analyst, 
Department of Science, 

P.O. Box 449, 

1 WODEN, A.C.T. 2606 


1 

1 

2 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

2 

2 

2 

2 


1 

1 

1 

1 


•waiMMMMmMI 








CIVILIAN ESTABLISHMENTS Cont'd. 

Dr. R. I. Garrod, 

Department of Science, 

568 St. Kilda Road, 

MELBOURNE, Vic. 3004 
The Central Library, 

Department of Health, 

P.O. Box 100, 

WODEN, A.C.T. 2606 
Dr. R. C. Hutchinson, 

Derwentlaken Road, 

GREGSON, Tas. 7402 
State Library of Tasmania 
91 Murray Street, 

HOBART, Tas. 7000 

la) Tasmanian Collection 

lb) Serials Section 
Serials Library, 

State Library of Queensland, 

William Street, 

BRISBANE, Old. 4000 
Reference Section, 

Hellyer Regional Library, 

Alexander Street, 

BURN IE, Tas. 7320 
Director, 

Food Preservation Laboratory, 

Department of Primary Industries, 
HAMILTON, Old. 4000 
Head, 

Food School, 

East Sydney Technical College, 

Forbes Street, 

DARLINGHURST, N.S.W. 2010 
Professor R. A. Edwards, 

Head, School of Food Technology, 

University of New South Wales, 
KENSINGTON, N.S.W. 2033 

Preliminary Processing, 

National Library of Australia, 

CANBERRA, A.C.T. 2600 

Serials, Biomedical Library, 

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OVERSEAS ESTABLISHMENTS 

BRITAIN 

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Australia House, 

Strand, 

London, WC2 B4LA, England 

Director of Supplies of Transport (FMV), 
Section 82B, Room 1235, 

Ministry of Defence, 

Empress State Building, 

London, SW6 1TR, England 

Adviser in Nutrition, 

AMD5, (Army Dept), Ministry of Defence, 
Landsdowne House, Berkeley Square, 
London, W1, England 

Deputy Chief Scientist (Army), 

SAG (A) 3b, 

Ministry of Defence, 

Main Building, Whitehall, 

London SW 1A 2HB, England 

The Director, 

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Farnborough, Hants, England 

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Research Association, 

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Food Research Institute, 

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Norwich, 

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Laboratory of the Government Chemist, 
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London SE1 9NQ, England. 

The Librarian, 

A.R.C. Meat Research Institute, 

Langford. Bristol, BS18 7DY, England 

Dr. D. J. McWeeny, 

Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, 
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Norwich, Norfolk, NR2 4SK, England 

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Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, 
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The Librarian, 

National College of Food Technology, 
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(b) D Food S 

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Union Place, Colombo, Sri Lanka 

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Viersen, 

Federal Republic of Germany 


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Ghana High Commission, 

13 Belgrave Square, 

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Research and Development Organisation, 
Ministry of Defence, 

New Delhi. 11 

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Food and Nutrition Research Institute, 
Manila, Philippines 


UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 

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NASA - Manned Spacecraft Center, 

Houston, Texas 1 

Director, 

U.S. Army Natick Laboratories 
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Natick, Massachusetts, U.S.A. 2 

Director, 

U.S. Army Medical Research and Nutrition 
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Fitzsimons General Hospital, 

Denver, Colorado, U.S.A. 80240 2 


i