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DOCUMENT RESUME 

ED 307 527 CG 021 688 



AUTHOR 
TITLE 

INSTITUTION 

REPORT NO 
PUB DATE 
NOTE 

AVAILABLE FROM 



PUB TYPE 



Walz, Garry R.; Bleuer, Jeanne C. 

Counseling Software Guide: A Resource for the 

Guidance and Human Development Professions. 

American Association for Counseling and Development , 

Alexandria, VA. 

ISBN-0-55620-058-7 

89 

482p. 

ERIC/CAPS, University of Michigan, School of 
Education, Room 2108, Ann Arbor, MI 4ri09f or 
American Association for Counseling a ' Development, 
5999 Stevenson Avenue, Alexandria, VA ^2304 ($47.00 
for AACD members; $52.00 for non-members). 
Guides - General (050) — Boo)c/Product Reviews (072) 



SDKS PRICE 
DESCRIPTORS 



IDENTIFIERS 



MF02 Plus Postage. PC Not Available from EDRS. 
•Academic Advising; * Administration; *Career 
Counseling; *Computer Assisted Testing; *Computer 
Software; *Counseling; Individual Counseling 
Computer Assisted Career Guidances *Computer Assisted 
Counseling; Computer Assisted Guidance 



ABSTRACT 

This document is a guide to counseling software. It 
presents overviews on the state of development of counseling and 
humcui services software in five major topic areas including personal 
counseling, career counseling, academic advising, testing and 
administration. It provides factual and up-to-date descriptions of 
over 500 counseling-relevant software progrcuns as well as 93 software 
reviews. It illustrates how far the field has come in the use of 
computers in counseling and what paths and options the future holds. 
Strategies on how to use the guide are presented which describe how 
to find out about the use of computers in counseling, what to look 
for in software, an overview of trends and developments in the 
availability and use of software, an overview of the range of 
software progreuns available, and information on specific software 
prograuns. The first section discusses trends and developments in 
counseling software. The second section provides software 
descriptions in the areas of personal counseling, career counseling, 
academic advising, testing, and administration. The third section 
provides software reviews in the same areas. (ABL) 



* Reproductions supplied by EDRS are the best that can be made 

* from the original document. 



Counseling 
Software 
Guide 



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ERIC 



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EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES INFORMATION 
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"PERMISSION TO REPRODUCE THIS 
MATERIAL IN MICROFICHE ONLY 
HAS Bfe^EN GRANTED BY 



TO THE EDUCATIONAL RESOU^ES 



Copyright 1989 <c) by the American Association for Counseling and 
Development 



All rights reserved. 

American Association for Counseling and Development 
5999 Stevenson Avenue 
Alexandria, Virginia 22304 

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data 

WalZf Garry Richard. 

Counseling software guide. 

Includes indexes. 

1. Personnel service in education — Software — 
Catalogs. 2. Personnel service in education — Software 
— Reviews. 3. Educational tests and measurements — 
Software — Catalogs. 4. Educational tests and 
measurements — Software — Reviews. 5. Computer managed 
instruction — Software — Catalogs. 6. Computer managed 
instruction — Software — Reviews. I . Bleuer , Jeanne. 
II. Title. 

LB1027.6.W35 1989 371.4 89-441 

ISBN 0-55620-058-7 



ERLC 



Copyright 1989 <c) by the American Association for Counseling and 
Development 



All rights reserved. 

American Association for Counseling and Development 
5999 Stevenson Avenue 
Alexandria, Virginia 22304 

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data 

WalZf Garry Richard. 

Counseling software guide. 

Includes indexes. 

1. Personnel service in education — Software — 
Catalogs. 2. Personnel service in education — Software 
— Reviews. 3. Educational tests and measurements — 
Software — Catalogs. 4. Educational tests and 
measurements — Software — Reviews. 5. Computer managed 
instruction — Software — Catalogs. 6. Computer managed 
instruction — Software — Reviews. I . Bleuer , Jeanne. 
II. Title. 

LB1027.6.W35 1989 371.4 89-441 

ISBN 0-55620-058-7 



ERLC 



Preface 



Over the past decade, numerous organizations have produced compilations of computer software— 
sometimes offering a limited number of reviews, but more often providing software descriptions 
(frequently using the wording presented by the developer/vendor). To our knowledge, this guide is 
unique in several respects: 

• It presents overviews on the state of development of counseling and human services software 
in five major topic areas — personal counseling, career counseling, academic advising, testing, 
and administration. 

• It provides factual and up-to-date descriptions of over 500 counseJing-relevant software 
programs—- descriptions that are sLom of advertising "hype" and unsubstantiated claims. 

• It caitains a relatively large number (93) of intensive software reviews. 

• It illustrates how far we have come in the use of computers in counseling and what paths and 
options the future holds. 

• Its production was accomplished through a cadre of committed and knowledgeable 
professional counselors who donated endless amounts of time and energy. 

We are proud that this major task was accomplished under the auspices of and for the American 
Association for Counseling and Development (AACD). We are hopeftil that it is a precursor of further 
innovative and pioneering achievements by AACD. 

To have produced the Guide would not have been possible without the capable and committed work of 
numerous people. The following individuals and groups, however, are worthy of special acknowledg- 
ment: 

Joe McDonough, Executive Director of AACD, for his early interest in and continuing support of 
the idea of counseling software reviews. 

Gordon McMinn, who saw the potential for the Guide early on and, as Chair of the AACD Media 
Committee, enthusiastically supported its development. 

Bill Hunter, who showed his support where it counted, with financing when it was needed. 

Mark Hamilton, AACD's extremely able and diplomatic editor who overcame numerous obstacles 
to bring die Guide to fruition. 

John Patterson, a true innovator whose futuristic vision ';nd "full speed ahead, damn the 
problems" approach made the initial software directories possible. 

Marilyn Maze, who unselfishly shared her expertise in technology and human services by 
devoting an enormous amount of time and effort to the development of CSRB guidelines, the 
procurement of software, and the training of the software reviewers. 

The AACD Counseling Softv-re Review Board (CSRB) Topic Coordinators— Marjorie Bridges, 
Bob Cash, Jack Casey, Diane Kjos, Helen O'Donnell, and Don Thompson— who 
demonstrated out tanding professional leadership in managing the logistics of assigning, 
collecting, and editing the reviews. 

The 48 CSRB members (see Index of Reviewers) who labored at a ta^k with numerous demands 
and uncertain rewards. 




Finally, this guide could not have been developed without the resources and continuing support of the 
ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling and Personnel Services. The technological capabilities, the skilled 
staff, and the Clearinghouse's expertise in publishing was an essential lifeline to the Guide during its 
often turbulent and uncertain development. In particular, we would like to acknowledge Patricia 
Wisner s desktop publishing expertise, Barbara Hogan's editorial skills, Kathy Bidelman's assistance in 
procuring software programs from vendors, Jeanttte Sprik's assistance irt organizing the software 
descriptions and reviews, Nancy Beekman's and Penny Schieibers assistance in last-minute reviewing 
and editing, Lynn Martin's recordkeeping skills, and Dale Jerome and Valerie Wisner's assistance in 
word processing. 

There are also countless unknown persons who, by liieir continued expression of interest in and support 
for the project, made the realization of the Guide possible. 

To all of you, we say a heartfelt thank you. We hope you think it was a worthwhile investment and will 
support the Guide as actively now that it is finished as you did during its development. 

Garry R. Walz 
Jeanne C. Bleuer 



iv 



Table of Contents 



Preface iii 

Garry /?. Walz and Jeanne C. Bleuer 

Development of this Guide ix 

Roster of Counseling Software Review Board Members xi 

How to Use this Guide xiii 

Introduction 1 

James P, Sampson, Jr 

How to Evaluate and Select Software 5 

Marilyn E, Maze 

Section I. Trends and Developments 

Soflhvare for Personal Counseling 11 

Robert W, Cash and John A, Casey 

Software for Career Counseling 15 

Marjorie P, Bridges 

Software for Academic Advising 19 

Helen O'Donnell 

Software for Testing 23 

Donald L Thompson 

Software for Administration 29 

Diane L. Kjos 

Section II, Software Descriptions 

Software for Personal Counseling 

1 . Self-Understanding 37 

a. Comprehensive Programs 37 

b. Values 39 

c. Personality 42 

2. Self-Managemen t 47 

a. Stress 47 

b. Decision Making 52 

c. Self-Concept 55 

d. Motivation 56 

e. Preparing for Adulthood 58 



ERiC 



7 



V 



Software for Personal Counseling (cent.) 

3, Physical Health 60 

a. General 60 

b. Eating Problems 63 

c. Substance Abuse 64 

d. Sexuality 69 

4, Communications 71 

5, Counseling Skill Development 77 

Software for Career Counseling 

1 , Self-Assessment and Guidance 81 

a. Systems 81 

b. Assessment 95 

c. Career Exploration 115 

2. Finding and Keeping a Job 1 32 

a. General 132 

b. Job Search Skills 134 

c. Resumes 138 

d. Applications and Cover Letters 144 

e. Interviewing 1 46 

f. Placement 148 

g. Job Success Skills 151 

Software for Academic Advising 

1 . Study Skills and Tme Management 161 

2. Further Education 1 65 

3. Choosing a Major 170 

4. Financial Aid 172 

Software for Testing 

1 . Career Inventories 1 79 

2. Educational or Psychological Diagnosis 186 

3. Test Preparation 200 

a. Test Taking 200 

b. High School Completion 203 

c. College Entry 205 

d. Graduate and Professional School Entry 224 

Software for Administration 

1. Systems 229 

2. Scheduling 246 

3. Attendance 251 

4. Discipline 256 

5. Grading 258 




Software for Administration (cont.) 

6. Reporting 264 

7. Finances 268 

8. Client Records 270 

9. Database Systems 278 

10. Communication 285 

11. Computer Assisted Instruction 290 

12. Statistics 296 

Section IIL Software Reviews 

Software for Personal Counseling 303 

Software for Career Counseling 327 

Software for Academic Advising 367 

Software for Testing 377 

Software for Administration 391 

Outlook on Computers in Counseling 407 

Appendix A: Contact Addresses and Programs 415 

Appendix B: Program List with User Level and Computer Compatibility 451 

Appendix C: Software Evaluation Checklist 469 

Index of Reviewers 479 

Index of Programs 481 



Development of this Guide 



This guide is a collaborative product of three organizations that have provided significant leadership in 
promoting the use of computers in counseling and human services: the Career/Vocational Education and 
Guidance Department of the Santa Clara County Office of Education (CyVEG); the ERIC Clearinghouse 
on Counseling and Personnel Services (ERIC/CAPS); and the American Association for Counseling and 
Development (AACD). 



Santa Clara County Office of Education 

In 1983, the K-12 Career Education Consortium, the Secondary Directors of Guidance, and the 
Community College Careers Information Consortium of Santa Clara County, California, sponsored the 
publication of the first Guidance and Counseling Directory of Microcomputer Software. John Patterson, 
ri-ogram Manager for CA^EG, was a major driving force behind this effort, with Bibi Bellotto serving as 
editor and Janey Powers serving as graphic artist and publication coordinator. 

From 1983 to 1986, the size of both the Directory and its reputation grew exponentially, from 35 
descriptions in 1983 to over 350 in 1986, with sales in all 50 states pl-is 7 foreign countries. The 
publication also grew from a single volume to a three-volume set. 

In 1986, Marjorie Bridges assumed the editorial position, and her active role in tracking down new 
programs to be included resulted in a 1988-89 edition which describes more than 500 programs. It is this 
latest edition that Santa Clara County has contributed to this guide. 



ERIC/CAPS 

In the same year that Santa Clara CA^EG published its first software directory, ERIC/CAPS conducted 
ths first national conference on the use of computers in counseling. Organized and conducted by 
Garry R. Walz and Jeanne C. Bleuer. Director and Associate Director of ERIC/CAPS, the 1983 
conference was such a success that it, too, became an annual event. From 1983 to 1986, the ERIC/CAPS 
national and regional computer conferences trained over 1,000 counselors in the use of computers and 
provided participants an opportunity to hear and interact with many of the major leaders in the 
computers in counseling movement including: John Patterson, Cynthia Johnson, Marilyn Maze, Dick 
Pyle, Jim Sampson, and Susan Zgliczynski. 

In 1984, ERIC/CAPS, Commission I of the American College Personnel Association, and the W. K. 
Kellogg Foundation's Project LEARN collaborated on the publication of a software directory designed 
primarily for postsecondary student development specialists. Entitled Microcomputer Software for 
Counseling and Student Development, this directory contained extensive resources that had been 
compiled by Russ Watjen, Jim Blakley, Cynthia Johnson, and Dick Pyle. 



AACD 

In 1984, the NCDA/ACES Technology, Work and Counseling Joint Committee, under the chairmanship 
of John Patterson, began to explore the need for the counseling profession to identify and evaluate 
counseling-related software. Key members of this committee were: Larry Beymer, Bob Cash, Rich 
Feller, H B. Gelatt, Cynthia Johnson, Marilyn Maze, Tony Pappas, Dick Pyle, Jim Sampson, Garry 
Walz, and Susan Zgliczynski. 



ERIC 



10 



ix 



At the 1985 AACD Convention in New York, several members of this committee met to discuss the 
development of a proposal for a "Software Review and EvaJuation Directory" to be presented to the 
AACD Media Com^ .^tiee. At this time, Garry Walz proposed the idea of producing a "Euros" type 
publication for counseling software. 

In December, 1986, Garry Walz, working with Jeanne Bleuer and Marilyn Maze, finalized the proposal 
and presented it to the AACD Media Committee. AACD ftmded the proposal for Fiscal Year 1988 and 
supported the establishment of a national Counseling Software Review Board (CSRB) under the 
direction of Garry Walz. Marilyn Maze was appointed Assistant Coordinator in charge of reviewer 
training and software procurement, and Jeanne Bleuer was appointed Assistant Coordinator in charge of 
publications. 

The model for evaluating and reviewing counseling software which the CSRB adopted was developed 
by Marilyn Maze and Bob Cash. In early 1987, Garry Walz, Jeanne Bleuer, and Marilyn Maze worked 
intensively to refine the software evaluation instrument, establish review guidelines, and select and train 
reviewers. With helpfiil guidance from the AACD Media Committee and approval of the first set of 
CSRB reviewers by the AACD Governing Council, the project was fiiUy implemented in the Summer of 
1987. By A'jgust, 1988, a total of 66 reviewers had successfully completed training and were approved 
for CSRB membership by the AACD Governing Council. 



AACD/Santa Clara/CAPS Collaboration 

By the Fall of 1988, it became apparen* that, considering the extensive imount of time required to train 
reviewers, acquire and evaluate software, and collect and edit reviews, it would be impossible for the 
CSRB to review more than a ponion of tiie available software in time for a 1989 publication. Therefore, 
to provide readers with a comprehensive guide to counseling software, Santa Clara County and AACD 
agreed to merge the Santa Clara program descriptions with the AACD/CSRB program reviews. 
ERIC/CAPS then assumed responsibility for integrating the two collections, editing and writing 
additional sections, organizing the layout of the publication, and providing AACD with the final 
camera-ready copy. 



11 



Roster of Counseling Software Review Board Members 



Garry R. Wall, Chair 

Jeanne C. Bleuer, Assistant Coordinator 

Marilyn E, Maze, Assistant Coordinator 



Ibpic Coordinators: 

Marjorie P. Bridges 
John A. Casey 
Robert W. Cash 
Diane L Kjos 
Helen O'Donnell 
Donald L Thompson 



Reviewers: 



Bill Allbritten, Murray State Universitj', Murray, KY 

Ixirry Ascher, McNair Middle School, Cocoa, FL 

Carole T. Beer, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 

Norman Berven, University of Wsconisn, Madison, WI 

John W Bloom, Northern Arizona University, Hagstaff, AZ 

Robert Bronk Harrison Central Schools, Harrison, NY 

Nina Brown, Old Dominion University, NorfoV., !A 

Greg Burns, Shadeville Elementary School, ^ ^vfordville, FL 

Rata Celkis, Pinckney Community Schools, raickney, MI 

Barbara Croft, Bloom Carroll Local Schools, Cam)ll, OH 

GaryM, Cusick, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 

Richard Dawley, Milwaukee Public Schools, Milwaukee, WI 

Lea Beth Dober, EUREKA The California Career System, Long Beach, CA 

Robert Drummond, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, FL 

R. Edward Galloway, Pittsburg State University, Pinsburg, KS 

Ana Gonzalez, Puerto Rico Occupational Information Coordinating Committee, San Juan, PR 

W. Ridgety Haines, Jr, Center for Educational and Career Advancement (CECA), Qarics Summit, PA 

Donald G. Hays, Self-cmplOyed, Yorba Linda, CA 

J. Scott Hinkle, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 

Robert M. Hoover, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 

Michael lUovsky, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL 

Colin W. Kahl, Liverpool High School, Liverpool, NY 

Barry Karow, Elgin Community College, Elgin, IL 

JucHth Knudson, Gordon/Knudson Associates, Williamsburg, VA 

Jafi LcForge, Wright State University, Dayton, OH 

Matthew Lambert, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 

Scott T. Meier, State University of New York (SUNY), Buffalo, NY 

Linda Morse, West Lafayette Community Schools, West Lafayette, IN 

Nick Piazza, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 

Mark Pope, Consulting Psychologists Press, San Francisco, CA 

Jcann Powell, W. R. Harper College, Palatine, IL 

Gary E. Price, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 

Dick Roberts, North Orange Counly Community College District, Yorba Linda CA 

Teri Rosen, Essex Weight Loss Centers, Livingston, NJ 

Gerald Sallan, Heartland Area Educational Agency, Guthrie Center, lA 

Parvine Sanuu, New York Institute of Technology, Old Westbury, NY 

Gene Sampson, St John's University, Jamaica, NY 

MarkL. Smith, City of Blue Springs, Blue Springs, MO 

Jane Arnold Spanel, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 

Michael Sporakowski, Virginia Tech, Blacksburig, VA 

Thomas Trotter, Indiana University, South Bend, IN 

Joseph Volker, University of North Dakota, Grand Fortes, ND 

Mark Winton, Oriando Regional Medical Center, Oriando, FL 

Mark Young, Stetson University, DeLand, FL 



.12 



xi 



How to Use this Guide 



The wealth of information cc .aincd in this guide is presented in three different forms: narrative 
discussions, software descriptions, and software reviews. To use the Guide most effectively, we 
recommend that you first review the entire Table of Contents to familiarize yourself with its 
organization. Then, depending on your particular needs and interests, employ the following strategies: 

For general irrformation about the use of computers in counseling, read the Introduction and Present and 
Future Perspectives. 

For practical guidelines on what to look for in softwau , read Hew to Evaluate and Select Software. 

tt^r an overview of trends and developments in the availability and use of software ^ read the narratives 
in Section I. These narratives have been prepared by the Counseling Software Review Board Topic 
Cooidinators and reflect the insighu of professionals who have closely monitored both the availability 
of existing software and the emergence of new programs within their topic areas. 

For an overview of the range of software programs available on a particular topic, review the 
^propriate list of topics and subtopics in the Table of Contents. Then scan the relevant set of program 
descriptions in Section II for content, cost, hardware, setting, etc. 

For ifrformatiofi on a specific software program, consult the Index of Software Programs at the back of 
the Guide. This index is an alphai>etical listing of all 526 programs described in Section II. Of these, 92 
have been evaJuatso and reviewed by CSRB members. These in-depth reviews are presented in 
Section HI. P?ge numbers in regular typeface refer to software descriptions. Page numbers in bold 
typeface refer to software reviews. 



Important Note 

The information presented in this Guide has been collected and compiled over the past two years, some 
by Santa Clara County staff and some by Counseling Software Review i3oard members. In merging the 
tw7 sets of information and editing the final puhlication, ERIC/CAPS sta^f made every effort possible to 
identify and correct inconsistencies. 

Even with a final review for accuracy, t^ * are still likely to be some changes since the Guide went to 
press. Some of the potential changes you might expect for any paiticalar program include: a moderate 
increase in price; expanded capability of the program; -orrection of "bugs" and limitations; new versions 
for additional populations; and new versions for different types of hardware. You may also find that the 
contact sources for some programs have changed, i.e., they no longer market that program or they've 
moved, merged with another company, or gone out of business. Such changes are to be expected in a 
field as new and rapidly growing as the software development business. 

In essence, this is a guide, not a catalog. It is a reference tool to be used as a starting point, not the final 
data source from which you would prepare line item budgets and/or detailed program plans. You, as 
consumer, will want to assume final responsibility for investigating further whether a particular program 
will match both your needs and your resources. 



EMC 



.13 



xiii 



Introduction 



James P. Sampson, Jr. 

In my experience, the two most frequent questions that counselors and human development specialists 
ask about computer q)plications are: 

• What computer software is available that meets the various needs of my clients? 

• Which computer software actually performs as it is advertised? 

The Counseling Software Guide was designed to answer these two questions. The software described in 
this guide is organized under the following five topic areas: 

• Personal Counseling — software related to personal/social problems for people of all ages; 
sample topics include drug abuse, self-esteem, values, personality, divorce, parcnving, marriage, 
problem solving, time management, personal finances, health; excludes testing software. 

• Career Counseling — software related to career selection, job readiness, i^vA job search; includes 
programs which match clients to occupations without using standardized measurements, career 
guidanceAnformation systems, resume processors, job seeking skills. 

• Academic Advising — software for educational planning; includes test preparation, o.udy skills, 
course selection, college selection, financial aid. 

• Testing — assessment tools for all areas of counseling; includes administration, scoring, and/or 
interpretation of achievement, ^titude, interest, and personality tests; also includes assessment 
tools for career planning. 

• Administrait. n — software to perform office management tasks; includes general applications 
programs (word riocessing, desktop publishing, spreadsheets, database management) as well as 
specialized programs for attendance, scheduling, budgeting, recordkeeping, reporting, and 
printing. 

Counselors and human development specialists can use this guide to quickly identify computer software 
that \s worth further consideration in the selection process. Since identical categories of information are 
provided for each system (contents, source, cost, hardware, intended users, and description), the Guide 
facilitates comparison of computer software. The Guide was intended to enhance the efficiency (time 
savings) and the effectiveness (broad examination of options) of the software seleaion process. 

The Cifectiveness of computer ^plications depends on how well counselors and human development 
specialists understand the use of computer software in service delivery. To help these professionals make 
good use of computer systems, the Guide includes a chapter by Garry R. Walz and Jeanne C. Bleuer on 
current trends and future developments. 

The reviews included in this guide are not intended to be the sole source of information in the software 
selection process. It would be wise for readers to obtain a second opinion from other published reviews 
or anecdotal reports from other professionals. Since not all of the software described in this guide has 
been reviewed at this time, other sources Oi reviews are necessary. Professional journals, newsletters, 
and other specialized publications provide additional reviews. 

Prior to examining specific computer systems, it would be important to read Marilyn Maze's chapter in 
this guide on "How to Evaluate and Select Software" to provide a foundation for software review. 
Bridges (1987), Forrer (1987), Hanis-Bowlsbey (1983; 1985), Heppner and Johnston (1985), Katz and 
Shatkin (1983), Maze (1984; 1985), Maze and Cummings (1982), Potter and Maze (1984), Riesenberg 



1 



H 



(1984), and Sampson, Peterson, Reardon, Evans, and Domkowski (1988) provide additional descriptions 
of the software evaluation process. Walz (1984; 1987) and Walz and Bleuer (1985) discuss the present 
and future role of Ae counselor with computers. 

The developers of this joiide sought to create a resource for counselors and human development 
specialists thai has the potential to grow and evolve over time. Counselors and human development 
specialists can facilitate ihe evolution of this guide by providing feedback to the editors concen.ing the 
benefits and limiitations of this resource. Widely used sources of critical reviews on assessment 
instruments* such as the The Ninth Mental Measurement Yearbook (Mitchell, 1985) and A Counselor's 
Guide to Career Assessment Instruments (Kapes & Mastie, 1988), have evolved and benefited as a result 
of feedback from users. The ultimate quality of this guide will depend on counselors and human 
development specialists writing balanced critical reviews and providing /?erf6acit to the editors as input 
for the development of future editions of this guide. It is important to note that if response to the Guide 
warrants it, updates of this guide will be offered on a regular basis to provide additional reviews of 
existing software and to help counselors and human development specialists keep up-to-date with new 
software. 

The fact that numerous counselors and human development specialists have actively advocated for the 
creation of this guide, participated in establishing the review criteria, and actually completed reviews, 
demonstrates professional commitment to selecting the most effective computer software available to 
meet clients' needs. It is my hope that this commitment will also extend to ethical and effective use of 
computer resources after software selection is c mplete. 



James P. Sampson, Jr, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Human Services and Studies and 
Co-Director of the Center for the Study of Technology in Counseling and Career Development at 
Florida State University, Appreciation is expressed to Janet G. Lenz, Robert C, Reardon, and Sandra 
M, Sampson for their review of an initial draft of this manuscript. 



References 

Bridges, M. (1987). Resources to find and evaluate counseling software. Career Planning and Adult 

Development Journal, 3(2), 34-42. 
Forrer, S. E. (1987). Evaluating career development software. Career Planning and Adult Development 

Journal, 3(21 3h33, 

Harris-Bowlsbey, J. (1983). The computer and the decider. The Counseling Psychologist, 11 ,9-14. 
Harris-Bowlsbey, J. (1985). Systematic career guidance and computer-based systems. In Z. B. Leibowit^ 

and H. D. Lea (Eds.), Adult career development: Concepts, issues and practices, Alexandria, VA: 

American Association for Counseling and Development, 95-107. 
Heppner, M. J., & Johnston, J.A. (1985). Computerized career guidance and information systems: 

Guidelines for selection. Journal of College Student Personnel, 26, 156-163. 
Kapes, J. T, & Mastie, M. M. (Eds.). (1988). A counselor's guide to career assessment instruments (2nd 

Ed.). .Alexandria, VA: National Career Development Association. 
Katz, M. R., & Shatkin, L. (1983). Characteristics of computer-assisted guidance. The Counseling 

Psychologist, 11(4), 15-31. 
Maze, M. (1984). How to select a computerized guidance system. Journal of Counseling and 

Development, 63, 158-161. 
Maze, M. (1985). How much should a computerized guidance program cost? Journal of Career 

Development, 12, 157-160. 



Maze, M., & Cuuimings, R. (1982). How to select a computer-assisted career guidance system. 

Madijpon, WI: University of Wisconsin, Wisconsin Vocational Studies Center 
Mitchell, J. V. (Ed.)^ (1985). The ninth mental mca:,urements yearbook, Lincoln, NE: Buros Institute of 

Mental Measurements. 

Potter, R., & Maze, M. (1984). How to select career guidance software (rough draft). Eugene, OR: 

Association for Computer-Based Systesns of Career Information, University of Oregon. 
Riesenberg, B. (1984). Considerations in tbr celection of a computerized guidance system. In C. S. 

Johnson (Ed.), Microcomputers and the school counselor, Alexandria, VA: American School 

Counselor Association, 17-29. 
Sampson, J. R, Jr., Peterson, G. W., Reaidon, R. C, Evans, M. A., & Domkowski, D. (1988). A 

differential feature-cost analysis of two computer-assisted career guidance systems (Technical 

Report No. 10). Tallahassee, FL: Florida State University, Center for the Study of Technology in 

Counseling and Career Development, Tallahassee. 
Walz, G. R. (1984). Role of the counselor with computers. Journal of Counseling and Development, 63, 

135-138. 

Walz, G. R. (1987). The present and the fiituie use of computers by counselors. Career Planning and 

Adult Development Journal, J(2), 4-7. 
Walz, G. R., & Bleuer, J. (1985). Putting the byte into career development. Journal of Career 

Development, 72(2), 187-198. 



ERLC 



3 



How to Evaluate and Select Software 



Marilyn E. Maze 



Marilyn E. Maze is a self>employed 
soitwaic designer and is the author of Micro- 
SKILLS, Career Finder, and Handwriting 
Analyst She has also served as die Executive 
Director and User Services Coordinator of 
EUREKA Career Ihfonnation Service. Marilyn is 
a member of ACSCI (Association of Conputer- 
based Systems for Career Information) and 
Software Procuiement Cooidinator of die .vACD 
Counseling Software Review Board. 



\ 



As you read this chapter, you probably are feeling a mixture of excitement and fear. Excitement because 
you have some money to spend on tools to make your work easier. Fear because there is a bewildering 
array of software available, and you want to make a wise decision. 

Of course the first place you will start is with the brief descriptions of software (Section H). Then, when 
you have identified some programs that look like they might fit your needs and interests, you will check 
to see if they have been reviewed. As you read the reviews, they may at first sound like they are all the 
same. The reviewers were asked to follow a specific format and respond to the issues raised in the 
Software Evaluation Checklist (see Appendix C). You may find this checklist useful in determining what 
to look for in the software you are evaluating. Be sure to tailor it to your needs by cutting out the 
sections which are not important to you or which do not apply to the type of programs for which you are 
searching. You may want to literally cut and paste a copy of this form, to create a form that is 
^propriate to your setting and software needs. 

You will discover quickly that the final paragraph, in most cases, contains a recommendation. It states 
the reviewer's opinion of who should buy this program. Please remembe r that this is the opinion of only 
one person. 

HopeftiUy you will not stop at this point. You will find addresses and phone numbers of vendors in this 
directory. CaU them and ask for their promotional literature. Do this for both the programs reviewed and 
the ones not reviewed. Then start by reading the literature for the programs reviewed here. See how their 
advertising literature corresponds to the reviews. You will probably find that you can trust the 
advertising literature to describe the contents of the program, and this will help you narrow your choices. 
You can usually also discover the ^propriate audience of the program from reading the advertising 
literature. This, of course, requires your judgment. For example, assume you are looking for programs 
for a high school group. Depending on your setting, you may find that a program designed for junior 
high is perfect for your group, wnile in other settings a program designed for college students may be 
just what you need. You must kriow your client population well. 



5 




17 



Next you need to see the software. Note that there are two levels of software: those programs sold by 
mail order (usually costing $500 or less) and those programs sold by site visits (usually costing $1000 or 
more). (Also note that part of the difference in cost goes to paying the salary of tr person who visits 
your site.) 

If you are considering a more expensive program, you will probably have already received offers by 
sales people to demonstrate the programs for you. Be sure to take advantage of these offers for any 
programs that you are seriously considering. The more costly the program, the more options you will 
probably want to evaluate. 

When the sales people arrive, while they are showing you how the program works make sure they do 
these four things: 

1. Allow a person at your site (preferably a t>pical user other than you) to use the program with 
very little assistance. Count the number of times the sales person steers or guides the user. Talk 
to the person who used the program after the sales person leaves to see how that person felt 
about the ease of use. 

2. Print a sample of the program's contents which is comparable for each program you investigate. 
For example, if you are evaluating career planning software, ask for printouts of the same three 
occupations from each program. If you are looking at accounting software, set up a test case and 
get printouts from th;e same test case with each program. 

3. Request written information about the sources of the data. Most "bad" software is thrown 
together by amateurs. Be sure the program is constructed carefully and systematically, especially 
if it contains data. 

4. Take control of the program yourself and try to confuse it. Hit the wrong keys (letters when 
numbers are expected, or vice versa). Ask it to print when no printer is attached or the printer is 
turned off. Reboot the computer in the middle of an operation. 

Probably no program will perform perfectly in these adverse conditions, but after loc>king at least three 
of them, you will have a good idea of which of these elements are most important to you and you will be 
able to choose the program that best meets the need of your site. 

If you are looking for less expensive software, you will need to order copies of the program and conduct 
your investigation without the aid of a knowledgeable sales person. After studying the literature and the 
reviews, you should be able to limit your choices to not more than three programs competing for the 
same dollars. Then "purchase" the programs "on approval." Most software companies offer a 30-day 
approval period during which you can evaluate the programs and return the ones you do not like. 

When the software arrives, you will need to begin by reading the instruction manual, just enough to get 
the program started and leam the conventions of running it. Then follow the same steps listed above. 
Ask a typical user to go through the program. See how often that person asks for help or does something 
that confuses the pr . gram. P ^nt samples of the same items from each program. Then look through the 
(\>:^umcntation for evidence that the program is carefully and systematically constructed. Finally, try to 
confuse it and see how well it recovers from user errors. 

If you conduct a "comparison shopping" experiment like this one, you will leam a great deal about 
software and about the companies you want to deal with in the future. Some programs barely work and 
seem ^o be held together with bandages. Others are very smooth and deal graciously with anything the 
user docs. Some programs use conventions that make sense if you are accustomed to other programs 



6 



that run the same way (like Apple II programs that run the way Appleworks does). Some programs look 
great on an IBM and terrible on an Apple, or vice-versa. 

After you have evaluated a few programs, it will be much easier. You will know v/hat signs of quality 
are important to you. You will be able to start running the programs and see what they offer in a few 
minutes, instead of taking hours to test them. 

Once you are comfortable with evaluating software, conventions are a great place to stay abreast of the 
field. You can often discover the newest products at conventions, and a little time spent using the 
program at an exhibit booth may allow you to get an overall impression of the program. After looking at 
several programs in a general area, you will probably be able to use a program at a convention and see if 
it has the necessary content and deals with the user in a comfortable way. This saves the hassle of 
ordering the program "on approval" and sending it back. 

Perhaps, after reading this chapter, your fear has turned to discouragement because it sounds like a lot of 
work. Think of this process as a journey into a new world of computerized counseling. Learning to 
evaluate software is the initiation process which will allow you to join the select group of counselors 
who are "computer literate." And never lose sight of the goal: To automate parts of your job so that you 
can use your time more efficiently while serving your clients more effectively. The payoffs are worth the 
effort. 



'3 



7 



Section I 



Trends and 
Developments 



TVends and Developments: Software for Personal Counseling 



Robert W. Cash and John A. Casey, Topic Coordinators 



Robert W. Cash, Ed.D., is a counselor 
educator, professor in the Department of 
Educational Psychology and Administration at 
California State University, Long Beach, a 
licensed psychologist and consultant. He's a 
member of the AACD Media Review Board and 
CO coordinator of the personal counseling 
software area of the AACD Software Review 
Board. His career-long interest as a counselor 
educator, researcher and as a clinician has been to 
improve the effectiveness of counseling. His 
current interests include implementing computer 
based technoloi^ applications into counseling and 
counselor education programs. In 1988, he 
received the CSULB Distinguished Teaching 
Faculty Award. 





John A. Casey, Ed.D. is a Counselor Educator 
and Assistant Professor of Educational 
Psychology at California State University, Long 
Beach. A former state branch president and 
member of the AACD Governing Council, Jack's 
cu rent interests include supervision of training 
through the University Clinic, authoring 
HyperCard stackware for counselor education, 
and infusing psychophysiological principles into 
counselor training. Jack and his wife, Gretchen, 
are the proud parents of two children. Shannon 
and Patrick. 



Overview 

My dad firsf took me to a "state of the art" automated baseball batting cage when I was eight years old. 
We knew that a quarter would buy us 25 pitched baseballs; we didn't know that you could choose from 
three speeds: "majors," "minors," and "little league." When that first pitch came (preset, unknowingly, 
on "majors!") I experienced panic and fear from speed I can still feel today. I didn't return to the batting 
cage for two years, keeping my fears to myself, and feigning either superiority or disinterest while 
friends talked about their batting cage exploits. They stayed away only because they were poor; I stayed 
away because I was afraid. 



11 



Lack of money, fear of unknown technology, and related lack of training may also help explain v/hy 
personal counseling software is still in its Jifancy today. The gaps between hardware innovation, 
software development and counselor utilization are wide and deep. Like the batting cages from my 
childhood, computerization is underutilized by some who are poor, and others who are afraid or 
undertrained. 

The topics covered in the personal counseling software area are broad and can be classified in several 
ways. Sampson (1983) categorizes software as Indirect or Direct. Direct (e.g.. Health Risk Assessment) 
programs can be integrated into the ongoing counseling process; and indirect programs (e.g., DSMm 
Diagnostic) allow the counselor to gather expert consultation to contribute to the counseling process. A 
third category appears to be emerging that counselors will need to consider as applicable to the personal 
and social dimensions. The "self-help" or interactive tutorial system programs (Wagman, 1988) are being 
developed and offered for computer counseling iq)plications (e.g., Plato DCS). These programs have the 
potential to be used in the counselor-treatment mode (Direct) or in a fiilly autonomous "stand alone" 
form. Unfortunately, all three categories need further development of matching technique with medium 
of presentation, skills of the counselor constructing the materials, training of counselors using the 
software, and research on specific use of programs. 

Most personal counseling programs run on Apple II*s and IBM PC compatibles. Progress toward 
interconnectivity, with all programs running on all machines, makes startling improvements each year. 
Two in the Mac, for example, allows Macintoshes to run numerous Apple II programs, while 
Tracks tar 128 allows IBM PCs to do the same. More expensive options, including hardware 
modification of the computer cards, are also available. 



Quality 

The extreme differences in the quality of the software available in the personal counseling area demands 
the potential user to beware! When considering important factors affecting quality and potential 
effectiveness in use (theoretical orientation, user manual and support, training needed, research, 
technical problems and presentation, client interaction, feedback and results, content, assessment, report 
generators and information files), the software available "has miles to go before we can rest" or can be 
assured of having ideal programs. 

The Health Risk Assessment and Plato DCS programs are cited as programs incorporating many of the 
factors desired in quality programs. 



Innovative Developments 

Innovative developments, beyond funding, fear, and training hurdles, hold excidng possibilities for 
counseling. Early attempts to introduce computers to counseling were :>een as sequential, rigid, and 
scientific, denying the spontaneity and impulsiveness that can distinguish the "physical sciences" from 
the "behavior sciences." Developments and continued improvement, such as artificial intelligence, 
hypertext, interactive videos, and CD ROM have created environments where human nature can be 
more accurately simulated. Continued trends toward simulating human behavior can be expected. 

A related issue is the traditional notion that counselors work with people, while computer programmers 
work with machines. Early computer languages were complex, abstract, and very user "unfriendly." 
Easily understood programming, such as Apple's HyperCard (commonly called "programming for 



22 



poets"), can open the door for many more counselors to create programs for other counselors. As 
Macintosh computers allow one to focus on the program, not the computer, so HyperCard allows the 
counselor to focus on the need, not the programming language. Further, HyperCard is easily interfaced 
with interactive video and CD ROM, allowing for extensive simulation such as role-playing, decision- 
making, and consequence formation. 

A wide range of other teviinological advances continues to challenge our senses. Increased memory 
(e.g., Steven Jobs' NEXT computer) are placing large research projecb and database libraries within 
easy reach. Expanded networking nationally (e.g., Sears/TOM's PRODIGY) makes electronic mail and 
expert consultation as close as our telephone and affordable as well. 



Areas of Need 

A number of needs exist today to further assist ihe implementation of computers into counseling: 

Graduate Training. Graduate training programs will need to provide and integrate computer 
applications into their curriculum (sec AACD 1988 Ethical Standards). This can be via an infusion 
model or required courses that provide an introduction of software available and methods for integrating 
into personal counseling services. Implementation strategies will emphasize "hands on" training, and 
will also utilize a more comprehensive process to be successful with institution and client needs 
(Sampson, 1984; Wagman, 1988). 

Ethical Standards. The revised AACD Ethical Standards include ten statements providing guidelines 
for acceptable professional training and service delivery. It behooves the counselor educator and 
practicing counselor to examine their "boundaries of competence" to use computer technology ethically 
in their services to clients. 

Research. As need and implementation increase, further research will need to be undertaken to provide 
empirically based data on procedures and outcomes (Wagman, 1988). 

Situation Specific Software. A paucity of software for many groups, including elementary and middle 
school clients, ethnic minorities and non-English speaking populations, exists today. Broader software 
development at an affordable price is a critical need. 



Future Directions 

Voice Activation. Future development of voice-activated programming will ftirther enhance the trend 
toward user-friendliness and, as technology reaches widespread acceptance, the price will become more 
affordable. 

Holistic, Multidisciplinary Computer Applications. Current counseling software relies on several 
methods of communication and assessment: self-reporting, performance, or physiological monitoring. In 
the jRrst method (self-reporting) the client is asked to make a response and the computer, in turn, 
processes the response into further questions and/or interpretaticii. The second approach (performance) 
measures reaction time (as in Coping with Tests) or touch scre^** response with learning disabled or 
brain-injured clients. The third method (psychophysiological u.^nitoring) is more often found in 
counseling-related fields such as biofeedback therapy, in which computers may measure heart rate, skin 
temperature, EMG (electromyograph) or GSR (galvanic skin response) levels. Increased use of all three 
domains can be expected as technology moves forward. PET (Positron Emissions Topography) scans, 




Software for Personal Counseling 



13 



P3 



and MRIs (magnetic response imaging), once the exclusive domain of university laboratory researchers, 
may soon find their way into treatment programs with clients. The counselors of the future may use 
technology to approach clients holistically, with support from a team of mental health practitioners, 
using a combination of self-report, performance, and psychophysiological measures. 

Selection-Type Implementation Model. In working with school districts, university counseling centers, 
and mental health and community agencies, one of the most needed factors for successful 
implementation will be the utilization of a "selection-type implementation model" (Sampson, 1984). The 
wide differences between counselors in computer technology knowledge will require more compre- 
hensive considerations than to just "place a computer in their office" or offer th;; "hands-on" workshop 
approaches. Effective use will need a systematic strategy and comprehensive model for im.plementing 
computer applications into counseling and human development service delivery systems. 



Suggestions for Counselors 

What guidelines should today's wise counseling consumer think about when choosing software? Most 
importantly, make sure the software in question will work on your machines. Although price generally 
parallels complexity and quality of programs, find out if the company allows you to return the product if 
you are dissatisHed. If possible, preview the product through exhibitors at national conventions. 
Consider whether it is generative (i.e., allows the client to expand their consciousness to trigger growth) 
or canned and limited. it enhance the quality of the counseling relationship, or will it interfere with 
research-proven qualities of counseling effectiveness? If you don't see what you're looking for, consider 
creating your own software. Programming is becoming increasingly user friendly, so consider your own 
design. Many other counselors may be very grateful. 

Use of computers, like batting cages, is limited only by funding, fears, lack of training, and other human 
constraints. Wise counselors of the future will feign neither superiority nor disinterest; indeed they will 
proactively include the technology of personal counseling software, as they have telephones, tape 
recorders, and videotapes, into a broad repertoire of "high tech, high touch" effective counseling 
services. 



References 

AACD. (1988). Ethical standards. Alexandria, VA: American Association of Counseling and 
Etevelopment. 

Sampson, J. P., Jr. (1983). An integrated approach to computer applications in counseling psychology. 

The Counseling Psychologist, II (4), 65-74. 
Sampson, J. P., Jr. (1984). Maximizing the effectiveness of computer applications in counseling and 

human development: The role of research and implementation strategies. Journal of Counseling 

and Development, 63, 187-191. 
Wagman, M. (1988). Computer psychotherapy systems: Theory and research foundations. New York, 

NY: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers. 



TVends and Developments; Software for Career Counseling 



Marjorie P. Bridges, Topic Coordinator 



Marjorie Bridges edits a newsletter and 
career-related books for the CareerA^ocational 
Education and Guidance Department in Santa 
Clara County Office of Education, San Jose, CA. 
She is also active in the California Career 
Etevelopment Association as a newsletter editor 
and co-chair of the San Francisco Bay Area 
Council of CCDA. Marjorie began as a news- 
paper journalist (BJ., University of Missouri) and 
later worked at the California Employment 
Development Department as a job placement 
interviewer while completing her M.A. in 
Counselor Education at San Jose State University. 
She taught career planning in an adult education 
program and counseled in a school dropout 
prevention project prior to joining the Office of 
Education. 




Career counseling software is steadily growing in popularity as counselors seek ways to use their 
advising rime to the best advantage. 

Some of this software takes the repetitive and tedious jobs away from the counselor. It can speed iie 
analysis of information, sort through hundreds of records quickly, provide instant feedback to the test- 
taker, interest the hard-to-motivate clients, and provide utterly objective information. 

In this section are the career interest, work values, or skill assessments, comprehensive career search 
systems; banks of information about jobs, software giving instruction in how to search for jobs and write 
a resume, and programs to advise on keeping a job or getting ahead in a career. Some programs provide 
information about educational courses and degrees that would be needed to carry out career options. 
Some are better used by youths than adults, and vice versa. Most are for client use, but some need to be 
used with close attention from the teacher or counselor. 

This software provides various services for the client and counselor, and the counselor should give some 
thought about what service is most needed. Some questions to be addressed follow. 

• Does the student need to be taught the "right way" to do something, like make a decision, get 
job interviews, or write a resume? (And does the software's content fit in with what the 
counselor usually teaches?) Some software offers both instruction and practice, such as in 
interviewing for jobs. 

• Some programs have quizzes or exercises, allowing an assessment or evaluation of career 
maturity or job hunting skills. The counselor will use this information to decide where to start 
with the student or client. 



ERLC 



?5 



15 



• Others provide information to retrieve from a large database of job fields or careers. The best 
programs allow the user to narrow the search by employing more than one criterion. 

• A large group of software allows clients ^o answer questions about their likes and dislikes. The 
computer sorts through this assessment data to match them to careers in a stored database. 
Some programs allow users to prioritize or rate the importance of some factors, adding another 
dimension. The outcome is a list of suggested careers to explore. 

• The reviewers in this assessment section found the quality of programs differed widely. They 
seemed to be most pleased with the programs which have been around for several years AND 
which had been kept updated and improved. The programs benefit by feedback from users, 
testing under various conditions, and the stimulation of being involved in academic research. 
Some software has been around for years, but no improvements have been made. 

Some good points mentioned in the reviews were: 

• programs that allow the user to move freely between sections or r-^odules, and that allow them to 
back up and change answers before — and after — calling for an analysis or tally; 

• programs and documentation tiiat had been written in concert with a career counselor who 
recognized the need for a career theory base and for linking the software into the entire 
counseling program at the site; 

• programs that enabled printouts of assessment answers and results of the database search, both 
for the counsclee and the counselor; 

• documentation that was clear and straightfomard, with a good index (some counselors* manuals 
explained how a "match" to a career was made by answers to assessment questions, some 
manuals suggested related or follow-up activities and books to read, some provided information 
about reliability or validity research on the program); 

• software that made best use of the computer's strengths, that was not just reading a screen 
instead of a book; monitor screens that looked attractive and kept the interest of the student by 
asking for his/her involvement; 

• programs (or modules) that fit into a 50-minute class or counseling sessions; 

• software that was packaged with correct advice about the exact hardware requirements, such as 
type of monitor and need for a graphics card; clear instructions as to how to install or start the 
program; and 

• responsiveness of publishers to requests for assistance and in providing needed information; 
prompt replacement of problem disks. 

The complaints seen most frequently were: 

• having to re-answer a set of assessment questions if you wanted to change one answer or explore 
another career cluster; 

• bomb-outs for little ♦hings like not having key caps engaged, or hittmg "retum" at the wrong 
time; 

• LONG waiting times while the machine sorted (most prevalent with Apple U users); 



ERLC 



16 



26 



• program completion iurr^ beyond the cl'^ss period/interest span of user/usefulness of the 
program; 

• either too complicated or too simple fcr the audience; 

• the ifiV'wStmcnt of time to learn or use the program not worth the output (the program did - Dt 
enhance the : unselor**" job or role); 

" too few assessment questions to be meaningful; 

• incorrect or insufficient information in the instructions; 

• hard-to-read screens, little us * of graphics, and too much data on each screen; and 

• inability to save information for a later counseling session, or print sections of the program. 

Sometimes the reviewers found spelling, grammar, or factual/judgmental errors on the screen. In 
addition, some informatio was out of date. 

Suggestions from the reviewers include: (1) speed could be enhanced and frustration with disk-swapping 
reduced if the multi-floppy programs could be in-^talled on a hard disk; (2) tighter quality control is 
needed: (3) a counselor or counseling advisory committee should work with developers; (4) mhou 
should use the advice of graphic ait'sts on composing attractive sc'^ns and professional writers in 
producing the manuals; and (5) the program should be reviewed frequently to make sure the information 
is up to date, and the program is using current computer technology. 



IVends 

Compact Disk-Read Onl; Memory (CD-ROM) players and touch-screens are looming on the -periphery 
of caiter/vocational software. As yet though, very few counselors have access to the hardware necessary 
to run the programs. 

Vertical markets in the career development field are hot areas for software development. Now there is 
career search or vocational education srftware for those in special education or with limited 
vocabularies. These have sunpler language, more use of pictures, aad/or a fewer number of careers. 
Developers have created programs for at-risk youth, adult career-changers, the outplaced, those with 
disabilities, and those planning retirement. As usual, the attention seems to be placed on markets that are 
fundable and in the limelight. 

Another trend is toward providing IBM PC and Apple n compatible programs. Two years ago, Apple n 
software dominated the market. Publishers are also trymg to respond to users of PS/2 machines, 
Macintoshes, and Apple IIGS's. Not much available for Amiga, TRS-80, Texas Instrament, or 
Conunodore machines. 



Conclusions 

Career counseling software has proliferated in the past two years. Many programs are duplicative. There 
are ever a dozen programs to help one write a resume and scores to do a career assessment. The reviews 
by /\ACD and ERIC/CAPS should be valuable to heip a counselor sort through the maze. 



Software for Career Counseling 



17 



A counselor considering investing in one of these really has to try out the program to know whemer it 
will be suitable for his^er clients. Try to get the software on a 10- or 30-day trial, rent it, or bonow it. 
Some companies have a regional representative who can give a demonstration. Companies will furnish a 
list of users from your area. Visit sites that use it, or talk v users by telephone to find out how they use it 
in their programs. Visit vendors* booths at regional, state, or national professional conferences, and they 
will answer questions and demonstrate their software. 

Some questions to ask, in addition to those points listed above follow: 

1. How much of an investment will be needed in computer paper-per-user? Will a data disk be 
required for each user? 

2. How is confidentiality maintained? 

3. Can I use this on a hard disk? Is my present hardware sufficient to nm this, or will I need to 
make more investment in hardware? 

4. Will this provide the counselor with a report? (Or are you prepared to duplicate the client*s 
copy?) 

5. How much time does it take to learn or use (both from the counselor and the counselee 
standpoint)? 

6. Would it do the job better than your present way? Would it add value to your counseling? 

7. Could it fit in with other counseling activities at >our site? 

8. Is there on-screen "help" or a useful manual? And will the publisher be available for assistance 
by telephone? 

The first software purchase is usually the hardest, with so many factors to keep in mind. But as you ^ ^ 
out many programs you will see differences that will make your job easier. Quality software a id 
publishers will t xome apparent after you examine several offerings. 

If you don't find a perfect match with your needs and desires, just wait a year. At the rate the market is 
growing, surely the ideal program will soon be available! 



PS 



TVends and Developments; Software ^or Academic Advising 



Helen O'Donnell, Topic Coordinator 



Helen C. O'Donnell has been a Guidance 
Counselor in the Northampton Public Schools for 
19 years and president of the Franklin-Hampshire 
Guidance Association for S years. She is the 
founder and chair of Massachusetts Computers 
for Counselors (MCC) for the Massachusetts 
School Counselors Association (MSCA), a topic 
coordinator for AACD's Counseling Software 
Review Board, and chair of the first Computer 
Software Festival for AACD's 1989 Annual 
Convention in Boston. 




Deniands are increasing significantly in the counseling and human service profession. Case-loads 
continue to be high; personal and social needs continue to grow; accountability and report writing are 
expec d to be more detailed; and academic choice/career assessments have become more specific as 
personal searches continue throughout life. Time management is essential as we cope with numerous 
deadlines and responsibilities. The technological advances in computer hardware and software offer 
assistance and ^^utions. Computer-enhanced counseling services provide manageable n^ethods of 
dealing with tu, Information Age; i.e., data storage and retrieval, information management, 
individualized assessments, -^ecord-keeping, processing data, and network collaboration. Slowly the 
profession is becoming computer-aware, computer-literate, and computer-competent. As users, we look 
to technology for assistance, quality, efficiency, and compatibility. 



Overview 

As Topic Coordinator for the Academic Advising area uf the Counseling Software Review Board, I have 
been editing three categories of software. The most common and familiar category includes programs 
that computerize rote procedures like course selection and college, career, and financial aid plarming. 
These programs ask questions, process uata input, search the database, and print out summaries. They 
are more efficient and accurate than the traditional hit-or-miss appioach of tedious catalogue searches 
and copying dm. Wi± computers, the search is easier and more extensive. It is often ftin to reenter 
programs, change choices, and gather additional factual data. Designers of these popular individualized 
programs, which often include extensive databases, provide annual updating to keep material current. 

The second category offers methodical practice and skill development on topics like study skills, test 
taking, and SAT prep programs. The input-output sequencing of these programs often provides the 



ERIC 



19 



immediate feedback, explanation, and the drill needed for skill development. Ho A^ever, the ability to 
read well is essential, for the screens are full of reading materials and eye strain is common. The 
questions and drill can be redundant and boring, as they tend to be repetitious. 

The third and more slowly developing category is the affective domain of programs that attempt to 
provide analysis and assessment through computer interaction. Good examples are programs that 
attempt to m^ke efforts to communicate, "listen," and respond. Expressing feeling, building self-image, 
motivation techniques, and goal-setting are some of the novel wave counseling practices that can be 
adi^ted to and reinforced by computer activities. Two relatively good examples are reviewed for this 
volume. Some team the counselor and client together sharing feelings like Kid Talk I. Others provide an 
opportunity for individualized activity about feelings and caring for others like The Litde Computer 
People Discovery Kit. The demand is gieat for this type of software, a«?d usually the available products 
have limited use. Therefore, I expect growil: in this affective domain as imovative and exciting software 
is developed and marketed- Watch for these products. 



Future Directions 

Counselor generated progranuning is an important future step. Currently, the market is dominated by 
software developed by technicians. Some products are hastily-designed technical products with a narrow 
focus and a mechanical style. Counselors are disappointed with many of the current products and are 
suggesting changes to publishers. Good software development is a team effort. As users we should be 
suggesting and developing program ideas and work with technical staff to produce software. We should 
encourage and praise the counselors who arc taking the risk to develop more appropriate and useful 
software. Kid Talk I, Career Finder, and College Finder arc good examples of counselor generated 
programs. 

Creatively adapting currently marketed software to meet client needs is another prowth area. As 
counselors become more aware of products, they will find Increased opportunities to use them. The Print 
Shop and The Gr^hic Library Series is a wonderful tool for the teaching of goal-settmg (what shall we 
make?), peer iiitera^ions (working together to accomplish the task), group decision-making (which one 
shall we choose?), and working together (taking tums on the computer). Individualized counseling 
opportunities include building self-esteem, making and revising choices, and taking risks. Counselors 
can use the software to make banners with or for clients, motivate the reluctant client, advertise services, 
etc. If we are willing to be creative, the amount of available software will increase significantly. 



Practical Advice 

The market for good softv;are is expanding ' all educational levels and human service agencies. 
There are many programs within the same topic a, and software is now marketed compatible to many 
types of computers. Be aware that the aggressive and appealing advertising promotions may not truly 
represent the product. Therefore, to justify purchases, counselors should become familiar with what is 
available, preview it, and carefully evaluate the products before making final choices. 

May I suggest a simple selection process, the ''SEP Approach — See/Evaluate/Plan." SEE tti? software 
package for a cursory visual assessment to determine if further consideration is needed; EVALUATE the 
purpose, usefulness, and appeal of the program for your clients; and PLAN how the software can be 
incorporated into your program of services. Once the software nas j^^^^^ed the SEP test, a professional 



O 20 

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assc';smcnt of the contents is important. It would be helpful if both the counselor and clients participate 
in the evaluation. Remember to search for quality and settle only for the best! 



Condusion 

Nothing has impacted the counseling profession more significantly than the advent of computers. New 
theories, professional literature, licensure, films, and media have each affected aspects of the profession, 
but technology has made a universal impact as personal computers and/or terminals to mainframes have 
invaded counseling ^^ffices. They are receivwl enthusiastically as a panacea to offering increased 
service, superior management, and more efficient record-keeping. 

Our professional commitment roost be to gently assist counselors to become aware of computers, allay 
fears, and make friends with this machine or our counseling offices will soon be divided into the haves 
and the have-nots. We need nor become programmers or computer experts, just competent users for we 
can no longer deny the impact of technology. 



Q Software for Academic Advising 

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21 



TVends and Developments: Software for Testing 



Donald L Thompson, Topic Coordinator 



Donald L. Thompson, Ed.D., is Professor of 
Education at the University of Connecticut. He is 
the Testing Topic Coordinator for the AACD 
Counseling Software Review Board and a 
member of the Editorial Branch of the Journal of 
Employment Counseling. He also served as a 
Research Associate at the West Virginia 
University, Human Resources R(;search Institute. 
He has special interest in computt^r applications in 
counseling and in testing. 




As the title of this article suggests, the primary intent is to provide an overview and a description of the 
*tatc of the art regarding computer-assisted testing. Testing was one of the first counseling and human 
development areas to feel the impact of computerization. Because of the miique capabilities of the 
computer to store, collate and summarize massive amounts of data, computer-assisted testing holds the 
promise of spurring tremendous productivity gains for human services specialists. 

To accurately describe the nature and scope of computer-assisted testing is a large undertaking. Because 
of great variations in both the manner in which the computer is used and the level of sophistication of 
the test related software, it is rather difficult to pinpoint where we are at present. It can safely be said, 
however, that all types of tests and testing related software programs are available in one or more of the 
computer-assisted formats. Major aptitude, achievement, interest, personality, and career development 
test instruments arc currently available. 

Computer assisted testing software is designed to perform three primary ftinctions in the testing process. 
These include: (1) serving as the adniin^'^tration medium, (2) scoring paper-and-pencil tests, ar.d (3) 
interpreting scores and generating diagnostic and prescriptive repons for test results produced by on-line 
computer based tests or paper-and-pencil tests (Wood, 1984). Some computerized programs perform 
more than one of the indicated ftmctions. 

^Vhen the computer is used only to score paper-and-pencil tests, data entry is accomplished through 
batch entry or optical scanning. In batch entry, the test is given in paper-and-pencil format, then a staff 
person enters the results (either responses to individual items, raw scores o^ scaled scores) into the 
computer. The computer provides summative scoring and perhaps some type of visual display of the 
results in the form of charts or graphs. Optical scanning and mark sensor test scoring has been available 
for about 50 years according to Brzezinski ' 



23 



The first computerized test interpretation packages appeared in the early 1960's. This development 
represents a potent application of the power of the computer to store, select, sort and arrange massive 
amounts of data. ScoringAnterpretation programs have been developed for many popular tests during the 
last 30 years. The MMPI and the Strong Vocational Interest Blank (now the SCII) are examples of such 
tests. With scoringAnterpretation programs, the test itself is done in advance in the paper-and-pencil 
format. Data entry is typically accomplished through either batch entry or optical scanning. The 
computer-generated diagnostic report represents a composite profile of test results based on the 
respondent's answers to test questions. The report is compiled by linking the subject's test responses to 
diagnostic statements which have been programmed into the cor/iputer database. The adequacy of the 
test in terms of its psychometric properties, and the quality of the report generated is totally dependent 
upon the expertness of the human programming efforts in setting up the database and in designing the 
logic for compiling the report based on a respondent's answers to the test questions. 

When the computer is used as the administration medium, the process is called on-line testing. The 
examinee sits at the computer terminal and enters answers directly into the computer in response to 
questions and/or other material presented on screen. The first prototypes of microcomputer based on- 
line testing appeared in the early 1980's, some five years after the first microcomputers were developed. 
Limitations in memory, processing speed, and available software restricted what the early 
microcomputers could do in terms of supporting testing efforts. The dramatic increase in the number of 
microcomputer-based test software packages which have appeared during the last three years suggest 
that many of these early problems have been resolved. The most advanced microcomputer on-line test 
packages provide for the administration of the test at the computer terminal, with scores being calculated 
immediately and a comprehensive diagnostic and prescriptive report generated within minutes after the 
test is completed by the examinee. The commercial success of microcomputer-based testing is only one 
indicator of a trend which is likely to have a profound effect on the business of testing. 

The sophistication of on-line testing varies greatly. Some programs do nothing more than present 
questions on screen, provide a simple form for the examinee to respond to, arid ^ninimal summative 
scores or gnq)hs. Other programs incorporate elaborate color graphics and sound as a part of the testing 
process, and then score and analyze the results. The most advanced assessment tools in this areas are 
called Computerized Ad^tive Tests (CAT). These tests utilize the full capacity of the computer to 
customize each administration of the test to the unique characteristics of the individual examinee. 
Programs can accomplish this by using a branching process. Branching in this case refers to the ability 
of the computer to selea different subsets of questions based on the examinee's earlier responses. The 
examinee can be given feedback on responses, and the timing and speed of test administration can be 
closely monitored and controlled. This process involves giving each examinee different test questions 
based on what is most appropriate for his/her level of performance. The computer is particularly suited 
to the administration of adaptive tests because of the m^^sive data storage capabilities and the branch 
programming effect noted earlier. CAT is an area where the computer demonstrates a clear superiority 
over pj^r-and-pencil instruments (Wainer & Kiely, 1987). Since a CAT involves administering only 
items that are within the individual's response capability, there is a dramatic reduaion in testing time, as 
well as a reduction in the frustration level of Wght and slower testees (McBride, 1986; Wainer & Kiely, 
1987). 

Two comprehensive assessment batteries which are entirely computer based are MESA and APTICOM. 
These batteries represent a significant departure from most of the available on-line test programs in that 
they were designed for exclusive use on the microcomputer, and they incorporate traditional interest and 
aptitude assessment with extensive performance testing. While some of the performance tests (i.e., peg 
boards, object assembly, strength, etc.) are not done on the computer, the results are incorporated into 
the examinee's test file and the diagnostic narrative report integrates the results of these sub-tests. Both 



24 



33 



of these tests incoiporate sophisticated graphics that assess attributes such as the subject's reaction time, 
spatial skills, color perception, etc. (Thompson, 1986). 



Issues and Concerns Regarding Computerized Assisted Testing 

Reliability and Validity. It appears that most publishers of computer-based tests assume that if a test 
has demonstrated satisfactory reliability and validity as a paper-and-pencil instrument, these factors will 
not be affected if the test is administered by computer. However, some researchers suggest that computer 
anxiety on the part of the examinee may be a source of error which may contribute to unreliable anc* 
invalid test results (Jonassen, 1986). Clearly there is disagreement among testing experts as to the 
impact of administering tests by computer on the reliability and validity of the results. However, a receni 
study by Van Sickle and Kapes (1988) suggests that on-line tests do in fact have reliability data equal to, 
or better than, that of die papcr-and-pencil instruments from which they were adapted. Other empirical 
studies also suggest that the reliability and validity of Computer Adaptive Tests may be higher than that 
of conventional paper-and-pencil tests (Weiss, 1985). The enhanced reliabiKty and validity result from 
more precision in die measuring instrument with each subject, as well as fewer measurement variations 
across different populations (Feuer, 1986; Wisniewski, 1988). 

Tests which were designed solely for on-line testing purposes present a somewhat different set of 
problems with respect to the issues of reliability and validity. Since these tests are usually no more thari 
two to three years old and do not exist in paper-and-pencil format, empirical studies of their 
psychometric properties may be limited. In many cases, publishers do not address these issues in the 
manuals which accompany the software. The comprehensive batteries noted earlier (i.e., MESA and 
APTICOM) are new products whidi did not exist as paper-and-pencil measures. The scientific data 
regarding reliability and validity for these instruments is generally limited to that which is provided by 
publishers fix)m the standardization studies. In all cases where you might select any computerized testing 
product, it is important to determine if the reliability and validity of the product is appropriate for the 
population for which you expect to use the instrument. Report generator programs raise questions 
regarding the validity of the report, in that the programs operate from a theoretical perspective that 
reflects the author's interpretation of the responses a subject has made to the test questions, and the 
profile of scores and sub-tests which results from the responses. An explanation of the theoretical 
perspective should be provided in the software manual, and as a user of the software, you should 
determine >^ hethcr tht interpretations provided are consistent with your theoretical framework. Research 
on report generators suggests that the reports have validity equal to that of skilled clinicians (Moreland, 
1985). 

Cost. Another significant issue when considering computer-assisted testing software is the relative cost. 
Because of significant variations in development costs and copyright issues, prices vary dramatically for 
various computer assisted testing products. Tests which were previously copyrighted as paper-and-pencil 
instrumei. 3 such as the Harrington-O'Shea Career Decision Making System and the Myers-Briggs T}/pe 
Indicator are almost always priced on the basis of use. You pay for each ^est administration you use, the 
same as you would if you were using paper-and-pencil tests. In most cases you must buy a certain 
mininum number of administrations. The number of aiministrations you use is counted by a buiU-in 
software device or a black box which is discussed elsewhere Tne per administration cost is about the 
same as paper-:ind-pencil versions, and you typically get a better end product because the computer 
scores and analyzes test results. 

Companies which have produced tests which are to be used exclusively in microcomputer format or test 
scoringAmterpretation programs frequently sell the use of the software outright (sometimes called flat fee 



Q Software for Testing 



25 



licensing). In this case, once you purchase the software, you arc entitled to unlimited use of the original 
software for no additional charge except perhaps for future updates of the software. In my opinion, even 
the lowest level of on-line testing programs currently available represents a quantum leap in productivity 
over paper-and-pencil administration, if for no other reason than the significant time saving in complex 
test scoring schemes and simple report preparation. If the full power of the computer is used to present a 
stimulating testing situation through visual displays and provide scoring and sensitive diagnostic reports, 
the computerized test program can be an extremely powerful tool for the counselor. A straight 
cost/benefit analysis clearly favors computer based testing when compared to paper-and-pencil 
instruments. Because of the data storage and retrieval capabilities of computers, the possibilities for the 
systematic development of national normative databases on a variety of tests is an added benefit that 
will accrue to the entire testing community. 

Conndentiality. A significant pioblem which surrounds the use of computers in any setting is 
confidentiality of sensitive data. This is obviously a major concern with testing data. Particular care 
must be taken with testing programs which store confidential data. If the program operates in an 
interactive on-line state and supports multiple users, it is critical to have built-in safeguards to prohibit 
access to unauthorized persons. Many of the newer testing packages have begun to include devices such 
as passwords, user ID numbers and the like to attempt to address this problem. However, micro- 
computers, floppy disks and other storage media containing tests and test data must be given the same 
physical security protection as paper-and-pencil tests and test results. 

Copy Protection and "Black Boxes." Since the initial development of commercial software, copy 
protection has been a major issue with software developers and computer users alike. On the one hand, 
software developers have a legitimate interest in preserving the proprietary rights of their products. On 
the other hand, computer users are concerned about being able to use their purchased software in 
legitimate, but unencumbered ways. Some producers of test related software have an even greater 
concern with copy protection because their products may be previously copyrighted paper-and-pencil 
tests which require a charge each time the test is given. 

To counter software piracy and unauthorized duplication of software, a variety of copy protection 
schemes have been devised. Copy protection can take two basic forms. First, it may be built into the 
software, or second, hardware devices ma> be used which limit the user's ability to copy and/or run the 
software. Copy protection which is software based has one major problem. A sophisticated but 
unscrupulous user can always find a way to copy or otherwise use the software in an illegal fashion. For 
this reason, man^ computer-assisted testing programs use hardware based copy protection. 

Hardware devices have become known as "black boxes" because many of the early devices were indeed 
an add-on piece of hardware that resembled a black box. Technically, the correct name for such devices 
is "software key," since what u.^y do is allow the user to access and use the software. The black box 
may function in a variety of ways to protect the software from illegal copying. It may ftmction as a 
decoder for an encrypted program which can only be run after it has been processed through the 
electronics of the device. In some cases, the black box actually contains missing pieces of the software 
program, and the program can only be mn after the black box sends ns materials to the computer 
inemory. In other cases, the black box serves as a "use counter" to limit and/or determine the number of 
times a test has been given. Since some of the software keys are programmable by the publisher, tb-t key 
can be customized to the individual user's need (Rex, 1988). Publishers argue that the black box can 
serve as an effective security device so that users can control and limit the utilization of the software 
(Spanner, 1984). One company that uses black boxes for several of its testing software programs is 
Consulting Psychologists Press. Their device is called :ode-A-Lock." The names vary but the 



26 



functions remain basically the same, to protect the software from being copied and/or to control the 
number of times a test is administered. 



Regardless of how the device actually works, computer users complain that (1) black boxes are 
inconvenient because they may restrict die use of a given computer to only one progrcm, (2) they often 
create conflicts witii otiier software or hardware, and (3) their physical presence may create space 
problems either in or around the computer* Also, if the user wants to transfer the software for use on 
anodier machine, he/she must remove the black box and rc-connect it to the other machine (Warner, 
1985). Software publishers are aware of consumers* concern in this area, and many are working on 
devices which arc more unobtrusive and simpler to use. 



Practical Advice to Counselors 

If you have not joined the computer revolution, it is time to sign up. The dramatic changes being 
wrought by the computer, and its impact on testing are just beginning to be felt. Paper-and-pencil tests 
will not diss^pear anytime soon, but more and more new instruments will become available in computer 
format, and most of the current p^r-and-pencil tests are likely to be converted to a computer-based 
format. New and exciting tests which use the dynamic capabilities of the computer v^ll change testing 
forever. 

As with any new endeavor, computer-assisted testing is not without its problems. There are empirical 
questions about computers and testing that still need to be resolved, and like other types of electronic 
equipment, computers occasionally present mechanical problems. However, the savings in time and 
money, as well as Jie convenience, all aigue strongly for the increased use of computer-assisted testing 
programs. It seen4S clear that the fiirure of resting lies with computer-based tests. The advantages are 
such that this iq>pears to be the only conclusion one can reach. Pertiaps it is time to again consider the 
proposal by Meier and Geiger (1986), that graduate students preparing for careers in the helping 
professions have a basic understanding of computer applications and a course in computer-based testing. 



References 

Brzezinski, E. (1984). Microcomputers and testing: Where are we and how did we get there? 

Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 3, 7-9. 
Fcuer, D. (1986). Computerized testing: A revolutiw in the making. Training, 23(5), 80-86. 
Jonassen, D. (1986, November). Effects of microcomputer display on a perceptual/cognitive task. Paper 

presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and 

Technology, Las Vegas, NV. 
McBride, J. (1986, August). A computerized adaptive edition of the differential aptitude test. P^r 

presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C. 
Meier, S. and Geiger, S. (1986). Implications of computer assisted testing and assessment for 

profiessicnal practice and training. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 

79(1), 29-34. 

Moreland, K. (1985). Validation of computer-based test interpretations: Problems and prospects. 

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 53(6), 816-825. 
Rex, J. (1988, September). Software keys: Hardware-based software protection. Computer Language, 

107-117. 

Spanner, R. (1984, October). A corporate security checklist. Business Marketing, 89-90. 



Q Software for Testing 

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Thompson, D. L. (1986). Using microcomputer-based assessment in career counseling. Journal of 

Empbymera Counseling, 2i(2), 50-56. 
T\irkington, C. (1984, January). The growing use and abuse of computer testing. APA Monitor, 
Vansickle, T. and Kapes, J. (1989, March). Equivalence of computer-based and paper and pencil 

administered interest inventories. Paper to be presented at the Annual Meeting of the American 

Educational Research Association, San Francisco, CA. 
Wainer, H., Kiely, G. (1987). Item clusters and computerized adaptive testing. Journal of Educational 

Measurement, 24, 185-201. 
Warner, E. (1985, March 11). Adapso plan nixed: Micro managers reject software lock and key proposal 

system. Computerworld, 1, 6. 
Weiss, D. (1985). Adaptive testing by computer. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 5i(6), 

774-789. 

Wisnicwski, D. (1986, April). An application of the Rasch Model to computerized adaptive testing. 
Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San 
Francisco, CA. 

Wood, S. (1984). Computer use in testing and assessment. Journal of Counseling and Development, 63, 
177-179. 



28 

.97 



Trends and Developments; Software for Administration 



Diane L Kjos, Topic Coordinator 



Diane L. Kjos, Ph.D., is Outreach Counselor, 
SAS, and University Professor of Counseling at 
Governor's State University. She has had 
extensive experience in teaching, in-service 
training, counseling and counselor supervision in 
different settings. Diane is the AACD Counseling 
Software Review Board Topic Coordinator for 
Administration. 




Administration jftware plays a supportive role in counseling. It helps counselors be more efficient and 
effective. The category is so broad that it was necessary to define it as much by what it was not as by 
what it was. If software seemed appropriate and potentially useful to counselors and it did not fit in one 
of the other categories, it became administration software. 

The reviews in this category provide a representative sample of possible software applications for 
counselors. Most of the items reviewed were owned and used by reviewers. Thus, they also represent an 
informal survey of the types of administration software currently used by counselors. 

You will find reviews of word processing and related software as well as banner, sign making, menu 
managing, statistical, and readability packages. There are reviews of data management and record 
keeping systems which perform a variety of functions. One system. Accountability Series, is designed 
specificaUy for counselors to use for record keeping. 



General Discussion 

Much of the software in this category is for the general market and of high quality. Reviewers rated 
documentation as good :o excellent. Many mentioned the value of the telephone help available from the 
developer. 

Software costs varied from relatively inexpensive ($39.95) to moderate investment ($250). One 
program, MYSTAT, is available free to Apple Macintosh users. 



ERLC 



Several packages perform mulriple tasks which arc adaptable to counselor functions. These complex 
systems take time to learn and some reviewers had difficulty with start up. On the other hand, once 
learned, they save the counselor valuable time. This makes up for the initial time invested getting 
started. 

Many larger schools have administration software customized for their systems. The counselor market is 
relatively small and thus designers would expect little return for tiieir research and development 
investment. In contrast, there is ample high quality, general-market software which can support 
counselor administration functions. 



New Developments 

Three developmental areas appear to have application for counselors. The first is the growing 
development and sophistication of add-oa systems that work together. An example of this would be 
WordPerfect enhanced by adding WordPerfect Library and PlanPerfect. PlanPerfect is a spreadsheet 
database system that integrates with WordPerfect. 

The second area is in expert systems for decision making. RightWriter is an example of an expert 
system. Decision making systems ^pply to many "^reas in counseling, including assessment, problem 
identification, and scheduling. 

New and innovative authoring systems also hold promise for counselors who are wUling to invest the 
time to learn to use them effectively. These systems provide an environment in which counselors can 
easily develop programs to meet specific needs. 



Future Developments 

Future developments that adapt general-market innovaions to counselors needs might include programs 
that modify or enhance a commercial package. Thus a counselor application for Appleworks would give 
the counselor a way to keep case records and schedule appointments. Or, specific formats compatible 
with various word processing systems would allow for organized case notes or provide an outline for a 
psychological report. 

Several items reviewed work most effectively with a hard drive. Others, such as Menu Express, are 
specifically for a haid drive. These programs require some new learning on the part of the user who is 
not familiar with hard drive operating systems. As more counselors begin to get access to computers 
with hard drives and modems, administrative applications will change. 



Practical Advise 

Most commercial software is available at a discount. Look for educational discounts. Scan 
advertisements in computer magazines for discount prices on software that you ai^ sure you want. Be 
sure that you are getting the latest edition of the software. Some stores allow you ic try out software 
before you purchase it. Watch for return privileges on all software. 



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^9 



Always register your software so you can get notices on fixes and updates. If you are having difficulty 
getting your software to do something you expcci it to do, call the company and ask for help. Many 
companies have toll-free help lines. Look for user groups with which you can exchange information and 
ideas to improve your software use. 

Compare the time you save by using a particular type of software to the time it takes to lerm to use it 
effectively. Know your own tolerance level. An elegant word processing package is worth little if you 
have difficulty using it If you have to spend time reviewing the instructions every time you use a 
sophisticated data management system, you need a simpler system. If you must know how to program to 
set up or make c hanges in a system, it may not be the right system for you. 

Look for hidden costs such as special graphic boards or unique operating systems. You should be able to 
determine special requirements by reading die outside of die package. However, I recently purchased a 
gn^hics package that called for aii "IBM/PC or compatible." I tried it, unsuccessfully, on three different 
"compatibles" witii three different grai^cs boards. TTien I noted in the documentation that I would need 
a special graphics board even if I had an IBM/PC original. 

Look also for software compatibility. If I purchase a graphics package, r example, I want one that 
creates graphics that are transportable to my word processing system. 



Summary 

There is little software designed specifically for administration in counseling. Until there is sufficient 
market for counselor-specific software in this area, counselors will need to make their own adaptations 
to commercial packages. Fortunately, tiiere is a wealth of commercially available software. Counselors 
with imagination, patience, and adequate resources can develop unlimited applications for this software. 



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Section II: 

Software 
Descriptions 



41 



Software for 
Personal Counseling 



ERiC 42 



Comprehensive Programs 



SELF-UNDERSTANDING 



GUIDANCE & COUNSELING SOFTWARE 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



These thirty programs on eight disks are used with individual students as a basis for either 
individual or group discussion. The programs enable counselors to work with more students in 
a variety of ways and to obtam more information. 

Anple n+, nc, ne, 48K; one disk drive; printer optioial 

Junior high and high school counselors 

The Conover Co. 

$69.95 per disk or $495.00 for complete system of 8 disks. Backup disks are available at time 
of purchase for $10.00 each. Defective or damaged disks are replaced free of charge. 

The GUIDANCE & COUNSELING SOFTWARE package consists of two major 
systems — ^Thc Guidance System and The Management System. There are four series of 
independent programs in each system. 

GUIDANCE SYSTEM: 

1. Self-Evaluation Series — This disk contains a series of seven programs designed for the 
client who needs counseling in the area of self evaluation, especially regarding s^lf- 
esteem. Titles of programs on this disk are: "Look! It's Me," "My Plus and Minus 
Qualities," "How Do You Feel," "Self-Image Inventory," "Self-Improvement," ' Age 
Focus," and "My Roles in Life." 

2. You and Others Scries — ^This disk ccmtains a series of programs designed for th client 
who needs help with personal relationships. It provides sample situations concerning 
interaction with others and asks for the action or solution which the client would be most 
likely to choose. As a self-help series, the computer reviews the client's respcHises and telL 
not only the best response, but also why it is bec^. Titles of programs on this disk are: "So 
Your Teacher Doesn't Like You," "So Your Principal Doesn't Like You," "So Your 
Classmates Don't Like You," "So Your Paren*^ Don't Like You," and "So Your Friends 
Don't U' - You." 

3. Values Clarification Series — ^This disk contains a series of six programs designed to 
identify values. Some of the programs are equipped with accompanying paper and pencil 
versions which can be taken by other members of the family (especially the parents) and 
compared to the client's values. Titles of programs on this disk are: "Student Interest 
Survey," "Values Survey," "Characteristics Survey," "What Would You Do?" "Do You 
Agree?" and "What Do I Value?" 

4. Parent- Adolescent Series— This disk contains three programs designed to aid in the 
communication between parent and adolescent. They may be used in conjunction with 
counseling services for the student with family conflicts, or they may be used as self-help 
programs for those students just wishing to explore their family situations. Titles of 
programs on this disk are: "The Adolescent: How Are Things at Home?" "Do You Know 
Your Parents?" and "Successful Communication Skills." 

MANAGEMENT SYSTEM: 

1. Management Series — Ine main function of this series of programs is to provide an 
efficient method of record keeping which will reduce paper work and save time. Titles of 
programs on this disk are: "Attendance Records," "Student Information," and "Disciplinary 
Referral Program." 

2. Grading Series— The Grading Series is actually two programs in one. The first is a system 
for storing and reading grade files and the second is a further breakdown of information 
contained in the first fffogram. Titles of programs on this disk are: "Grades Program," and 
"Grades & More Grades." 



Software for Personal Counseling 



43 



37 



SELF-UNDERSTANDING 



Comprehensive Programs 



3. Student Information Serie:— ' lis disk contains three programs designed to obtain 
information about the student or client. The counselor can use this information to help 
develop plans for current, new. or graduating students. Titles of programs on this di.^k are: 
"Student Survey," "New Student Questionnaire," and "Future Plans Survey." 

4. Counselor Contact File — This program is appropriate for use by counselors, social 
woricers, {Mincipals and other ncm-teaching personnel who wish to keep a record of their 
student contacts. Information in this file can be used for year-end reports, reports on 
follow-thrcugh of lEP's, reports to parents on student contact sessions, reports to the courts 
of p'iObation on individual students, and reports to other outside agencies. 

Input features include: student one-on-one contacts, student group contacts, parent 
contacts, staff coriacts, and other. 

The user puts m date, student name, grade and nature of the contact. Output features 
include. « listing of the whole file, infwmation on a given student, all contacts on a given 
date, and a listing of contacts by type. Also available are contact totals for each type and 
grade level. 



LIFE COPING SKILLS SERIES 



Summary: 

hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact($): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This series of four programs helps students take a look at themselves and see what effect their 
attitudes and actions have on others. 

Apple n, 3.3 DOS,48K 

Middle school students and up 

Society for Visual Education 

$300.00, includes four disks and guides 

"Building Relationships" examines personal, societal, employment, and family interactions and 
shows how to ''se communication skills if Luprove troubled relationships. "Forming Positive 
Behavior" helps users recognize their own self-defeating behaviors and develop techniques for 
eliminating them. 

"Increasing Self-P,steem" addresses the question of self-concept and its effect on a person's life. 
Students leam simple methods of dealing with feelings of negative self-worth. 
Communication Skills" focuses on these skills as the keys to establishing rewarding 
relationships. After a ciose look at their own conmiunication patterns, students work to 
improve communication skills in both their jobs and personal iiv^ s. 



38 

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Values 



SELF-UNDERSTANDING 



ADOPTION AGENCY 

Summary: This program is desiped to illustrate how values influence decisions, as students judge which 
couple should be allowed to adopt a child. 

Hardware: Applt n 

Intended Users: High school students 

Contact(s): Queue 

Cost: $49.95 

Description: Students are formed into groups of judges and each group must decide which of the couples 
will or will not be permitted to adopt children. Each couple has filled out adoption forms which 
describe their backgrounds. The forms can be displayed on screcii or given in a paper print-out 
to the teams. Data is then entered into the program, and later it is revealed how many chose 
each couple to adopt a child. 



MASTER BUDGET CALCULATOR 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This program gives the user a clear idea of how his/her money is spent in relationship to 
various values. 

IBM, 128K; Apple, 64K, 80-column display; printer optional 
Those who wish to create real ot hypothetical budgets 
CIASA 

Wintergreen Software 

$98.00, includes one disk and manual; backup disk $15.00; ten packs for $539.00 

This program includes three parts: (1) Expenses Totaller, in which the user can enter 12 types 
(58 items) of expenses and obtain sul^tals and gross income needed; (2) Week/Month/Year 
Converter to do instant calculati(Hi$ on three time frames to calculate the effects of cutbacks on 
budget; (3) Budget Fcmnulator to create one's own budget formula by choosing the percentage 
of income to spend on each of the 12 types of ^- penses. Once completed, the budget may be 
saved on disk or printed out. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 
Note: See section in fcn^ a review of this program. 



ON BECOMING A HERO 

Summary: In this program students leam to identify the most important values in their lives. 
Hardware: Apple H series, 48K; IBM PC; Commodore 64 
Intended Users : Students in grades 7-12 
Contact(s): Care<»r Aids, Inc. 

Psychological Psoftware 
Cost: $39.50, includes one disk and documentation 

Description: Without imposing a preconceived value system, ON BECOMING A HERO teaches smdents 
how to accept changes taking place and how to make the right choices within their own value 
systems. Problem-solving situations encourage students to make important decisions and 
evaluate priorities. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1984.) 



Q Software for Personal Counseling 



do 



39 



SELF-UNDERSTANDING 



Values 



VALUES AND THE WORK ETHIC 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program focuses on values and their importance to workplace success, 
Apple n series. Apple HI; TRS-80 Models m. IV; IBM PC. AT. XT 
High school students 
Educati(Hi Associates 

$79.95. includes one disk and two copies of "Values: Where Do You Stand?" and a backup disk 

VALUES AND THE WORK ETHIC discusses the origin and importance of the work ethic and 
^^''ociated ''alues. how values guide the choice of a job. and behavior on the job. The user 
uetermines his/her own values wkich s/he will keep and use for job success. (This description 
pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 



VALUES AUCTION 

Summary: Students learn the payol > of different work worlds and determine what their goals are in a 
game format. 

Hardware: Apple n. He. 48K. DOS 3.3; TRS-80 Models HI. 48K; IBM PC. 64K 

Intended Users: Junior high and high school students 

Contact(s): Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids. Inc. 
Career Development Software 
Conover Company 
K-12MicroMedia 
Opportunities for Learning 

Cost: $79.00 for single-year version (Cambridge Career Products); $1JO.OO for three disks and user's 

manual plus courseware exercises with free annual updates 

Description: Students learn the importance of exploring major reward systems in various work 
environments and of determining what rewards are important to them. 

Pan I: Students bet against the computer for one of the nine major work values. The highest 
bid "wins" the value. This approach exposes students to the notions of: diversity, individuality, 
and balance (deals with rationing money and effective planning). 

Part II: Explores each of the nine work values in depth with some ihought-provoking 
approaches. The nine values branch to career areas that require these values. The value of 
helping other people, for example, branches into these career areas: allied health, teaching, 
home economics, counseling, and social work. Other values include prestige, security, money, 
power and authority, independence, creative expression, variety, and homelife. These values 
also branch into careers that make use of them. 

Part m: A 25-item quiz that tests the student's retention of the concepts found in the VALUES 
AUCmON interpretations. 

(This description pertains to the revised version developed in 1987.) 



46 



Values 



SELF-UNDERSTANDING 



UNDERSTAND YOURSELF 

Summary: This progran contains a series of self-assessment instruments administered entirely by the 
client. 

Hardware: IBM and compatibles, Apple, Tandy (requires 48K) 
Intended Users: Late teens, adults; high school and college studenl , agencies 
Contact(s): Dynacomp, Inc. 
Cost: $2y.:^5 

Description: Ten tests in this series provide basic irJormation about the self. The tests include: The 
Assertive Itsu The Conscience Ttsu The Manipulative Test, The Personal Equation Test, A 
Test of Marital Adjustment, Measurement of Persaial Adjustment, Individual Scale of Values, 
Preferred Activities Test, and A Test of Sexual Attitudes. The user controls the administration 
and the pace, and can print out the scoring results for individual tests. 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



VALUES CLARIFICATION SERIES 



Summary: This program may be used to teach students about the concept of values and the importance of 
values in their lives. 

Hardware: Apfie n, lie 

Intended Users: High school students 

Contact($): Career Aids, Inc. 

Cost. $79.95 

Description: Students will learn how to identify and clarify their own values and others', as well. Titles are: 
"Student Interest Survey," "Values Survey Program," "What Would You Do?" "Do You 
Agree?" and "What Do I Value?" 

Note: See Section ni for a review of this program. 



WHO AM I? 

Summary: WHO AM I? gives students the opportunity to explore their behavior and values. 

Hardware: Apple n. He; TOS-SO Models m, IV, 48K 

Intended Users: Junior high and high school students 

Contact(s): Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids, Inc. 
Education Media Corp. 

Cost: $39.95 

Description: This computer program enables students to assess their tse of money, examine their self- 
concepts, and learn how to manage stress in their daily lives. Love, power, security, sutus, 
autonomy, general self-image, thinking, and social relationships are discussed. 



Software for Personal Counseling 41 



ERIC 



SELF-UNDERSTANDING 



Personality 



COLOR YOUR WORLD 

Summary: This two-disk program instructs about the use of color, and explores how color affects 
personalities and influences people. 

Hardware: Apple lie, lie, 128K 

Intended Users: High school students and adults; art, home economics, and psychology classes 
Contact(s): Hutching Aids, Inc. 

Cost: $82.50, includes two disks, backups, and teacher's guide 

Description: In the disk, "Col<Mrful Climates," students are introduced to color schemes, color mixing, and 
moods created by different ooVx combinations. Students get a chance to decorate rooms using 
their own colws and patterns. "A Cdorftil You" evaluates the student's best personal colors 
through analysis of hair, eye, and skin coXoc. Students explore their feelings associated with 
various colors and find out how their favorite and least fav<nite colors are related to their 
personalities. The program also covers ways in which colors can influence people. 

DREAM MACHINE 

This is a program to evaluate and help analyze dreams. 
Apple n series, 48K, 3.3 DOS; IBM PC; Commodore 64 
High school students through adults 
Psychological Psoftware 
$49.50, includes disk and 12-page book 

With this iTOgram the user can gestalt his/her dream images and understand what dreams meaa 
Also on the disk are helpful tutorials, a dream dictionary with over 200 listings, and a dream log 
wh(^e dreams may be flled (This description pertains to the version developed in 1984.) 

HANDWRITING ANALYST 

Summary; The user describes a handwriting sample by answering multiple-choice questions, and the 
program compiles a description of the writer's personality. 

Hardware: IBM PC ot con^atible, 256K; Apple n, 64K; Macintosh, 512K 

Intended Users: Teenagers through adults 

ContacKs): CIASA 

Wintergreen Software 

Description: The HANDWRITING ANALYST breaks the complexities of handwriting into about 60 
multiple-choice questions. The manual illustrates each choice and the user picks the answer 
that looks most like the writing. The user can look at a short sample of writing, a signature, or 
both. Then the HANDWRITING ANALYST composes a report including: 

• Physical and Material Drives 

• Personality Style 

• Emotional Characteristics 



ERIC 4S 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



Personality 



SELF-UNDERSTANDING 



• Social Behavior 

• Intellectual Style 

• Vocational Implications 

The user can ask for a Quick Report (a thumbnail sketch of the writer's personality) or a 
Detailed Report (more elaboration and explanation of each trait). 

Based cm 235 separate items, each report is unique. The user can obtain insights into the 
personalities of people he/she has known for years as well as people never met. 

The program was developed by Garth Michaels, a career counselor and graphologist who 
conceptualized the program and wrote the script; Marilyn Maze, a carec counselor and 
software designer who computerized it; and Dorothy Hodos, a graphologist and past President 
of the American Handwriting Analysis Foundation, who contributed the theoretical 
background and fine-tuned the reports for accuracy. It can be used as an ice breaker for a hard- 
to-reach client, as a fund-raiser, or to better undCTStand people. (This description pertains to 
the version developed in 1986.) 

Note: See Section HI for a review of this program. 



KID TALK I 

Summary: This program provides a tool for counselors to establish rapport and open communication with 
students. 

Hardware: Apple II, 64K 

Intended Users: Elementary and middle school students 

Contact(s): Unaweep Software 

Cost: $49.95 

Description: The counselor, a student, and "Carly," (the computer) are teamed in a three-way interaction. 

The professional sets agenda topics (feelings, emotions, divorce, peer relationships, self- 
concept) and the computer provides the student with an easy and non-threatening way to 
respond. The five areas of interaction include: (1) Telling about Yourself, (2) Liking Yourself, 
(3) Behaving Yourself, (4) The Blackboard, and (5) System Maintenance. 

Note: See Section HI for a review of this program. 



LITTLE COMPUTER PEOPLE DISCOVERY KIT 

This software contains a simulation game to help students explore and understand their own 
needs and those of others. 

Apple n series, one disk drive; Commodore 64/1 28 

Elementary, middle, and high school students and families 

Activision Home Computer Software 

Not listed 

A little computer person (LCP) moves into a ihree-story house-on-a-disk with a dog. The LCP 
depends on the user for mee g boili i*ysical and emotional needs, and communicates through 



Summary: 

I^ardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



Software for Personal Counseling 



43 



SELF-UNDERSTANDING 



Personality 



the computer. While entertaining, the game stimulates introspection and expression of feelings 
and caring. 

Note: See Section in for a review of this program. 



THE LUSCHER PROFILE 



Summary: This is a computer program to analyze a person^s personality based on his/her reaction to 
colors. 

Hardware: IBM PC, PCjr., 128K; Apple U, Uc, He, 64K; Macintosh; Commodore 64 

Intended Users: Adults, supplementary to other personality assessments 

Contact(s): Jefferscm Software 

Cost: $39.95, includes one disk and instructions 

Description: This software is said to be based on 35 years of psychological research by Swiss psychologist, 
Dr. Maxwell Luscher. Users can test themselves or their friend i aixnit their choice of colors 
and recei\ a computer analysis of what the colors reveal about their psychological condition. 
The profile is widely used in medicine, psychology, education, and industry. The personality 
analysis covers: one*s mood, needs desires, goals, behavioral motivations, coping with stress 
and problems, how one handles inner conflicts, attitude toward emotional involvements, 
reasons for one's actions, how one responds to challenges, and what one expects from the 
future. 



MIND OVER MINORS 



Summary: This program presents an individualized approach to enhance child and parent/teachers/ 
counselors interactions. 

Hardware: Apple H, 48K; IBM PC, 1 28K 

Intended Users: Teachers, counselors and parents 



Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



Wintergreen Software 
$49.95 

There are two separate editions-one for parents and one for teachers. In each, a manual and 
two computer diskettes provide a menu that includes: instructions, a portion that assesses the 
adult, a portion that assesses the child, the ability to print out the report, and informatir i upon 
exiting the program. A report provided at the end of the program covers the interaction 
between the client and the child being assessed and suggests issues to pursue further. 

Note: See Section in for a review of this program. 



MULTIDIMENSIONAL PERSONALITY EVALUATION 

Summary: This is a personality test for the layperson interested in self-knowledge. 
Hardware: Apple; IBM PC; printer 



O 44 



Personality 



SELF-UNDERSTANDING 



Intended Users: Students grades 7 and up 

Contact(s): Psychological Psoftware 
Career Aids 

Cost: $89.50, includes backup disk and free pamphlet, "Suicide Prevention and the MPE" 

Description: Two hundred multiple choice questions evaluate personality on these dimensions: passivity, 
assertiveness, aggression, manipulation, rigidity, creativity, conformity, dependency, 
expediency, sociabiJity, warmth, pessimism, optimism, conservatism, trust, genuineness, 
energy, sensitivity, anxiety, depression, and insecurity. The interpretation report is written in 
non-clinical language, with narrative as well as a chart of scores. The multiple choice test takes 
about one hour and is for ncxmal adult personalities. 



PLEASE UNDERSTAND ME 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This is an interactive personality analysis of people's needs, motivations, desires, and 
behaviors. 

Apple n series, 48K; IBM PC, 64K 

Students 

Career Aids 
CDS 

$89.00, includes three disks and one copy of the book Please Understand Me 

After answering more than 65 questions, students receive insight into tlieir psychological type, 
temperament, career interests, and relationships with others (interpersonal, social, and 
domestic). The uniqueness of an individual is stressed. The program is related to the book, 
Please Understand Me. 



TOOL BOX FOR EMOTIONAL AND SOCIAL GROWTH 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program contains a set of personal counseling tools for teaching about feelings. 
Apple n series 

Counselors and teachers working with K-12 students 

Peak Potential 

$950.00 

Goals of this program are to (1) help children identify and express feelings appropriately, 
(2) give practice and feedback, and (3) monitor and document change. Two components, 
"Feeling Facts/Feeling Fables" and "How Did I Feel?," compliment the other nine: "Vocabulary 
Cards," 62 feeling words; "Mad-Sad-Glad Game," a group interaction board game; "Crazy 
Cards," a collection of 180 social skills building activities; "Role Plays," the beginnings of 50 
dialogues to act out; "Atiivity Lessons," a book of ideas for group and individual leaders; 
"Goal Group," a group structure on goals; "Fast Process," a format for problem-solving; 
"Maps," visual representations of feeling words; and "The Big Book," a structure to motivate 
individual responsibility for growth. 

Note: See Section ni for a review of this program. 



Software for Personal Counseling 



1 



45 



SELF-UNDERSTANDING 



Personality 



VINELAND ASSIST 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



VINELAND ASSIST is a microcompuier scoring system (ASSIST) for the Vineland Adaptive 
Behavior Scales which measure personal and social functioning. 

Apple n+, He, He, DOS 3.3 

School psychologists, educational diagnosticians, social workers 
AGS (American Guidance Service) 

Survey— $104.00; Expanded— $104.00; includes two diskettes and manual 

VINELAND ASSIST allows one to obtain derived scores by entering the raw scores. Derived 
scores that can be obtained are: standard scores, national percentile ranks and sianines, 
adaptive levels, and age equivalents. Supplementary norm group percentile ranks and adaptive 
levels may also be generated. Significant maladaptive behavior is indicated. (This description 
pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 



Stress 



SELF-MANAGEMENT 



AT EASE! 



Summary: Individuals can leam ard pracdce relaxadon exercises widi diis program. 
Hardware: Apple H, IBM PC, 3 1/2" or 5 1/4" disks 
Intended Users: Clients individually or in groups 
Contact(s): Mulii-Healih Systems 
Cost: $70.00 

Description: Seven relaxation techniques are oflered, including progressive muscle relaxation, relaxation 
imagery, and quick relaxation. Techniqu^js vary from active to passive and in the verbal skills 
required. Session length ranges from 20 seconds to 20 minutes. When a technique is chosen 
from the menu, the user receives general instructions, is prompted through relaxation steps, and 
a printed description can be made for home practice. This can be useful for cognitive 
rehabilitation, biofeedback procedures, or anxious and depressed patients. 



CALMPUTE 

Summary: CALMPUTE is a biofeedback program that monitors stress levels and leaches how to reduce 
tension. 

Hardware: Apple n, lie, 48K 

Intended Users: High school students through adult 

Contact (s) : Career Aids 

Cost: $99.95, includes one disk, one Galvanic Skin Response Unit (GSR-2) with cables, instruction 

manual 

Description: CALMPUTE measures the level of tension through galvanic skin response, or expansion of 
pores. Simply by thinking, a tension-producing thought creates changes that can be measured 
by the computer. The changes show up as geometric patterns which can change color and shape 
as the subject relaxes. By seeing these changes, users can leam to control their level of stress. 
The program includes Calmprix, a game in which the calmer the user remains, the faster a car 
races across the screen. The GSR-2 unit is included with the program. 



COPING WITH STRESS 



Summary: By using cognidve therapy methods, the program leads the user to control his/her reactions to 
stressful events. 

Hardware: Apple lie; IBM PC and compatibles 

Intended Users: Adults desiring to help diemselves 

Contact(s) : Psycomp 



Cost: 



$129.95, includes two disks and documentation 



Software for Personal Counseling 



47 



SELF-MANAGEMENT 



Stress 



l>escripUon: The client is taken through 1 1 sessions in which he or she examines daily and more unusual 
stress situations, thoughts, feelings and behavior. The lessons help him/her realize how to 
control stress. 

Note: Sec Section HI for a review of this program. 



HELP-STRESS 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Conlact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program helps users to learn to control the stress in their lives. Special versions are 
available for police officers and teachers. 

IBM PC.3irit"or5 1/4" disks 

Clients individually or in groups 

Multi-Health Systems 

$295.00 for standard version; $495.00 for multi-user version; $495.00 for police or teacher 
versiras, both oi which are multi-user 

Based on principles of active learning and cognitive-behavioral theory, this software offers 
training in stress control. The program is interactive and individualized, based on earlier client 
responses. It can be used concurrently by up to 24 people. 



I CAN 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact IS): 

Cost: 



Description: 



Students learn to cope with and better understand stress. 

Apple n. He, 48K 

High school students 

Career Aids, Inc. 
EISI 

$29.95 

$ 39.95 with backup 
$209.65 Site License 
$209.65 ^'^twork Version 

The b J purpose is to promote awareness of me kinds of options available to better manage 
stress 1 ae user is asked to identify stressful situations, indicate the intensity of stress felt, and 
consioer the hints offered for relieving such symptoms. 



JOB STRESS AND BURNOUT: COPING AND PREVENTION 

Summary: JOB STRESS AND BURNOUT is a set of 10 multimodal exercises designed to enhance one's 
job and reduce stress and burnout. 

Hardware: Apple n series, 48K minim»im, one disk drive, printer optional 

Intended Users: High school and college s mdents, adults 



48 



Stress 



SELF MANAGEMENT 



Contact(s) : Caiphridge Career Products 
Careet Aids 

Educatiomi Media Corp. 
Cost: $39.95 

Description: JOB STRESS AND BURNOUT approaches stress and burnout through job enhancement. The 
ten exercises in this program include a variety of approaches, from story-telling lo direct 
suggestion. The exercises are named the Stress Self-Test, Routines, Schedules, Some New 
Ideas, Examples of Work Goals, A Strange Story, Rules for Goals, Work Frustrations, Time 
Management, and Contracting. At the conclusion of each exercise, the user is encouraged to 
record what she or he has learned; this material is then recalled from the disk in le CiMitracting 
section . r use in designing a behavioral ccmtract. 



LEARNING TO COPE WITH PRESSURE 

Summary: This is a computer program using biofeedback to help students learn to reduce stress and 
develop effective relaxation techniques' 

Hardware: Apple n series, 48K 

Intended Users: Any elenrtentary or secondary studr^t; especially good for emotionally disturbed or "test 
anxiety" students 

Contact(s) : Sunburst Conununications 

Cost: $99.00, includes GSR monitor, disk backup, teacb^'^'s guide 

Inscription: A Galvanic Skin Response monitor is included A'ith tiiis prograir. 'o measure <?Lbject*s pore and 
sweat gland activity. Li a road racing game format, the subject practices stress control through 
relaxation exercises. 



M.A.RX: A GUIDE FOR THE PREVENTION OF MANAGEMENT STRESS 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This program is a practical guide to stress overload prevention and intervention. 

Apple n series, 48K, 3.3 DOS; TRS-80 Model HI, 48K 

Managers and supervisors 

Cambridge Career Products 
Career Envelopment Software 

$99.00 (Career Development Software), $125.00 (Cambridge) 

Tne M.A.R.T. disc is organized around the four steps found in the M^RT PROCESS: 
"Awarericss," "Reduction," "Toleration" and "Management." Each of the above four steps form 
single programs located on the disc. Awareness is a 40-item quiz that allows the student/worker 
to identify major stress points in one or more of the major seven stress areas* change, role 
clarity, under use, overload, wganizational structure, peer relations, and personal work world. 
The second section cf the Awareness portion is the "Manager's Motivations" section. This 
questionnaire is designed to educate and evaluate managers according to how they need ana 
use power, achievement, and belonging. Reduction introduces prachriil comlict resolution 
techniques. Toleration is a suggested attitude when one can't '"educ . the source of stress. 



Software for Personal Counseling 



SELF-M4NAGEMENT 



Stress 



Individual work styles discussed include: The Linear Style (achievement oriented). The Steady 
State Style (security), and The Spirals (many short term tasks). Management occu-s when tte 
rigiit person is matched with the right job and results in high productivity. Three major 
organizational siru^^tures are noted: The Amoeba Structure (new company expanding), The 
Adolescent Structure, and the Square Structure (been around for ages). 



STRESS AND THE YOUNG ADULT 



Summary: This program enables students to assess and deal with stress in their lives. 

Hardware: Apple n, 48K 

Intended Users- Reading level is grades 4-5; interest level is grade 9 through adult 

Contact (s) : Cambridge Career Products 

OppcMturaties for Learning 

Cost: $54.95 (Opportunities for Learning); $59.95 (Cambridge Career Products and EISI); includes 

disk and backup 

Description: Smdents take a test to help C^em recognize stressful situations. They decide which situations 
they can control, change, or elii /'nate. 



STRESS MANAGEMENT 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users; 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



Students learn the importance of managing stress in their lives. 

Apple n. He, 48K; ffiM PC; Conrunodore 64 

Students and adults 

Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids, Inc. 
Psychological Psoftware 

$39.50, please specify adult or student version 

After defining stress and its causes, this program enables students to measure their own stress 
levels and determine possible causes. Students are provided with a graph of their sfess levels 
and tips for reducing stress. 



TEENAGE STRESS PROFILE 

Summary: This program can assess which areas of a user's life are most stressful and can also identify 
stress symptoms. 

Hardware: Apple II series, printer optional 

Intended Users: Junior high and high school students 

Contact(s): Teaching Aids, Inc. 




■56 



Stress 



SELF-MANAGEMENT 



Cost: $99.00, includes one disk, backup, aiid teacher's gui-^: 

Description: TEENAGE STP^SS PROFILE caii be used alone or with a counselor. The teenager answers a 
series of qucsiiohs relating to stress in six areas: family, individual, social, financial, 
environmenUk, and school. Then questions related to physical and psychological symptoms 
s/he may be expeiiencing are provided. In the progression through the questions, the computer 
identifies specific problems and makes suggestions on how to deal with ihem. A printout of the 
strejs profile is also available. 



TOTAL STRESS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM 

Su^amary: Students can use this program to reduce stress through behavior modification. 

Hardware: Apple n series, 4SK; IBM PC, 64K 

Intended Users: Students grades 7 and up 

Contact(s) : Career Aids 

Psychological Psoftware Company 

Cost: $89.50, includes one disk, instruction sheet 

Description: The computer acts as a therapist to guide the user through the exercises. Part I includes sectionr 
on stress in general, a stress graph and scale, and a self-evaluation. Part n contaiiis remedial 
methods such as assertiveness training, de-sensitization, exercise imagery, meditation, behavior 
modification, seIf-h>pnosis, relaxation, time management, and t^^^ught control. Each program 
describes the techniques and leads students through exercises to acvelop the necessary stress 
COTtrol skills. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1986,) 



Software foi Personal Counseling 

ERIC 



SELF-MANAGEMENT 



Dedsion Making 



BLUEPRINT FOR DECISION MAKING 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This is a program that provides practice in making decisions. 
Apple n series, 48K 
Teenagers 
Career Aids 

$S4.9S, includes one disk, backup, and documentation 

This activity uses examples of problems involving peers and parents. Students are encouraged 
to ask for more ini'ormation and consider the consequences of alternate decisions. Also, 
students make up their own problems and decide how to handle the situaticm. The goal is to 
learn how to make impcxrtant decisions and approach these choice points with an improved 
attitude. (This description pertum to the version developed in 1985.) 



DECISION MAKING— A METHODICAL APPROACH 

Summary: This software relies on a tutorial and a simulated problem situation to teach decisici making. 

Hardware: Apple II 

Intended Users: High school through adult 

Contact(s) : Career Aids 

Cost: $55.00, includes one disk, backup, and user*s manual 

Description: A thorough analysis of all viable options is encouraged in this program to teach decision 
making. A tutorial introduces the basics of making a decisicxi. A sunulated problem reinforces 
and gives practice on solving problems. The student responds to a series of methodical 
questi(His analyzing each option and rates each one in a variety of categories. Based on the 
user's analysis, options are ranked from most to least favorable by the computer. 



DECISION MAKING AND PROBLEM SOLVING 

Summary: This program presents seven different ways of making decisions. 

Hardware: Apple n, lie , 48K 

Intended Users: Junior high and high school students 

Contact(s): Career Aids, Inc. 

Cost: $39.95 

Description: For each of the seven decision making strategies, students are presented with an introduction to 
the i»'Oblem, an example, and a personal application. Students work their way through each of 
these decision making strategies: Knowing Your Absolutes, Brainstorming, Evaluating 
Choices, Positive and Negative Forces, Atr^bute Awareness, Yes and No, and Stimulating 
Questions. 



52 



Decision Making 



SELF-MANAGEMENT 



THE IDEA GENERATOR 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intaided Users: 
C6nUi€t($): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program presents a structured approach to problem-solving and planning. 
IBM PC and compatibles, 2S6K 
Grade 9 to adult 
Experience In Software, Inc. 

$195.00 (30% discount to educational institutions); includes the program disk, a user's guide, 
and the hock. The Ari of Creative Thinking 

The IDEA GENERATOR helps students deal with personal, academic, or career problems. 
Users are led step-by-step throughout the program, beginning with defining problems and 
goals. Next, using seven techniques, they generate up to 120 ideas and determine ihe best ones. 
A imntout is available using predefined reports. The program takes 45 minutes to two hours to 
complete. (This description pertains to the version developed in i ?85,) 

Note: See Section HI for a review of this program. 



MAPS: METHODICAL AID TO PROBLEM-SOLVING 

Summary: This counseUng software is designed to help high school, college and adult populations with 
general problem-solving, using social learning theory as a basis. 

Hardware: Appi I series, 48K minimum, one disk drive, printer optional 

Intended Users: High school students to adults 

Contact(s): Educational Media Corp. 

Cost: $39.95 

Description: Based on social learning theory, MAPS is a self-'ielp program that works most effectively as an 
adjunct to counseling. MAPS helps the user assess a problem in terms of: (a) motivation to 
solve the problem; (b) what are the skills and knowledge needed to solve the problem; and 
(c) does the user have the confidence necessary to do the acts necessary to solve the problem. 
After answering these questions, the user is presented with graphics and text that summarize 
the material and present suggestions to aid i»'oblem-solving. 



SIMULATION CONSTRUCTION KIT 

Summary: Students use the computer as a problem solving tool in simulated dilemma. . 1 issues that they 
create themselves. 

Hardware : Apple U series 

Intended Users; Students in grades 7 to ) 2; supplementary activity for gifted students 

Contact(s): EISI 

Hartley 

Opportunities for Learning 



Software for Personal Counseling 



SELF-MANAGEMENT 



Decision Making 



Cost: $79.95, includes master disk, backup, tutorial disk, sample simulation disk, tutorial student 

materials, and teacher's ^de 

Description: No computer progranuning knowledge is required. There are step-by-step instructior^s in the 
manual and on the conqxiter screen as students design, research, flowchart, and program their 
own computer models of virtually any human problem. Simulated activities come from the 
student's imagination, but there is a sample situation. "Big Trout National Park." to get the 
students started. Students learn that decisions are rarely simple. They must predict the outcome 
of a decision and be prepared for the long-range consequences. Created simulations are self- 
Nx)ting and can be saved, copied, and traded with other classes and schools. Teachers can alco 
write their own simulations to be used as instructional materials. 



60 



Self-Concept 



SELF-MANAGEMENT 



IMPROVING YOUR SELF-CONCEPT 



Snmniary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This is a program offering pupils a chance lo assess ihemselves and learn how lo be more 
assertive and confident. 

Apple n.48K 

Reading level grades 3-4; interest level grades 7 to adult 
Career Aids 

Opportunities for Learning 

$54.95 (Ofnortunities for Learning); $59,95 (Career Aids); includes disk backup, and guide 

Students assess their strengths, weaknesses, likes, dislikes, anr^ roles. With an interactive, 
question-and-answer format, they are Uught ways to be more assertive, honest, and self- 
assured, (This description pertains to the version developed in 1987.) 

Note: See Section HI for a review of this program. 



SELF-EVALUATION SERIES 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intoided Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program can be used to assess personality strengths and weaknesses. 
Apple n series, 48K 
Students, teachers, counselors 
Career Aids 

$79.95, includes one disk, backup, and manual 

This software is composed of sections entitled "Look, It's Me," "My Plus and Minus Qualities," 
"How Do You Feel?" "Self-Im^ge Inventory," "Self-Improvement," "Age Focus," and "My 
Roles in Life." It covers the range of personality types from shy to rebellious. 



Software for Personal Counseling 



SELF.MANAGEMENT 



Motivation 



BE A WINNER: SE YOUR GOALS 



Sumnuiry: 



Hardware: 



Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This interactive program is designed to aid students in analyzing their abilities, values and 
aptitudes and how these relate to persmal goals. 

IBM PC, XT, AT (or compatible) with 256K minimum and CGA or Hercules graphics card 
with apprqniate monitor. Apple U (with Applesoft in ROM or on Language card), Apple n+, 
nc, or ne, 48K minimum and an appropriate monitor, preferably color. Also needed is an 80- 
colunm printer hocdced up to the ccmiputer. 

Middle school and above 

Microcomputer Educational Programs 

Not available 

The five components to this program on goal seuing are: goals, values, aptitudes, abilities, and 
the cost Each may be run separately. A printout of responses is available after completing the 
[TOgram. Each segment takes 10-20 minutes to complete, depending on the reading level of the 
student. A fifth grade minimum reading level is assumed. A complete print-out of responses is 
provided. 

Note: See Section IQ tor a review of this program. 



MOTIVATION: GO FOR IT 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact($): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program provides information and exercises about job motivation. 
Apple n/m; TRS-80 Models HI, IV; IBM PC, XT, AT 
High school students 
Education Associates 

$79.95, includes one disk, backup, and two copies of "Motivate Yourself to Success" 

After giving examples of different types of motivation, thf^ program offers questions for users 
to determine what their own motivational factcxs are. It ranks the responses and discusses jobs 
that relaiw^ to the user's highest motivational choices. (This description pertains to the version 
developed in 1985,) 



THE PUPPET 

Summary: This program teaches taking responsibility for one's actions. 

Hardware: Apple n 

Intended Users: Students in grades 3 through 6 

Contact(s): Career Aids 

Psyche' ^gical Psoftware 

Cost: $39.50, includes one disk, backup, and manual 



ERIC 



56 



62 



Motivation 



SELF-MANAGEMENT 



Description: Pookie the Puppet tells how he has relinquished control of his behavior by allowing other 
people to pull his strings. This program teaches students that they are responsible for their own 
behavior and must accept the consequences of their behavior. 



SPECTRUM-I 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Cmitact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This computer program will assess, score, and generate a report on four motivational factors: 
accomplishmenU recognition, power, and affiliation. 

IBM PC and compatibles* 2S6K» one <iisk drive 

Pers(xinel administrators, HRD professionals, psychologists, counselors 

Institute for Personality and Ability Testing (IPAT) 

$479.00, includes documentation, manual, and warranty 

This assessment is useful in decisic»is related to promotions, selection, and career development. 
Median reliability coefTicient for survey scales is .82. Norms are based on a national sample of 
more than 1,000 adults tested in 1983 or later. 

Note: See Section in for a review of this program. 



OVER50 

Summary: This software is designed to enhance self-understanding/persona ity aiid life/career/leisure 
planning. 

Hardware: IBM PC, Apple n computers and compatibles, DEC Rainbow, and Macintosh, a parallel line 
printer 

Intended Users: Agency/community counseling clients, business/industry employees, personnel department 
counselor education placement center, private counseling practice 

Contact(s): Constructive Leisure 

Cost: $75.00 

Description: This interactive program contains four modules: 0) needs (a list to rate) , (2) values (situations 
to rank), (3) attitudes (extent of afreement with situations presented), and (4) a summary of tiie 
scores on the first three modules. An explanation of the scores and suggestions for 
improvement and change are provided. 

Note: Sec Section HI for a review of tins program. 



Software for Personal Counseling 



57 



SELF-MANAGEMENT 



Preparing for Adulthood 



LIVING ALONE 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program assists young people in making decisions thai enable them to achieve 
independence. 

Apple n 

Grades 9 to adult, reading level grades 3-4 
EISI 

$59.95, includes disk and backup 

Students are encouraged to make careful decisions about values and goals as they run this 
program. They consider decisions such as choosing a rocTimate, renting an apartment, and 
budgeting. 



PERSOrUL SKILLS 

Summary: This set of three disks helps students prepare for the adult world. 

Hardware: Apple II series; IBM PC and compatibles 

Intended Users : Junior high and high school students 

Contact(s): Teaching Aids, Inc. 

^ost: $35.' J for each disk, includes documentation 

Description: The three programs available are: 

DEQSION MAKING — Students learn ^ow to make rational decisions and apply this thinking 
process to the real world. 

THE AGE OF RESPONSIBILITY— Students learn the rights and responsibilities they acquire 
when they reach the age of 18. 

FRIENDS AND YOU— Young peq)le are taught pointers for making and keeping friends in 
this discussion about personality, attitudes, likes and dislikes, and abilities. 



POSITIVE PARENTING 

Summary: This program is designed to prepare students to meet the challenges of parenting. 

Hardware: Apple II 

Intended Users: Grade 9 through adult, reading level grades 3-4 

Contact(s): EISI 

Cost: $59.95, includes disk, backup and guide 

Description: Students learn about the problems of parenthood as they progress through this interactive 
program. Responses are tailored to the students* circumstances. 



ERiC 



58 



fJ4 



Preparing for Adulthood 



SELF-MANAGEMENT 



THE SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (SIMS) 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program guides students in a self -directed learning situation. 
Apple n series, 48K 
Grade 7 to adult 
Sunburst Communications 

$195.00, includes two diskettes, backups and teacher's guide 

In this unique program, students can achieve success in self-directed learning. It includes 
assistance in planning, scheduling, recording daily progress and tracking learning attitudes. It 
gives continued feedback to the student. At the same time, it allows the teacher (x counselor to 
monitor each student and correct his or her records. 



SURVIVAL SKILLS SERIES 

Summary: These microcomputer fMt)grams are written on easy reading levels and teach how to get along 
in the world outside schoo^ 

Apple n; TRS-80, IBM PC 

Teenagers through adults 

Mind Training Systems 

SURVIVAL SKILLS SERIES consists of three separate series; Work Series ($210.00 fw the 
complete set). Personal Finance Series ($315.00 for the complete set), and Personal 
Consumerism Series ($280.00 for the complete set). Individual disks may be purchased for 
$35.00 each. 

Description: Lessons are written cxi 5th grade and 3rd grade reading levels. Programs in the Work Series 
are: "How to Get and Hold a Job," "The Job and You," "Self-Concept and Your Work," "Part- 
Time Jobs," "New on the Job," and "Interviewing." Personal Finance Series programs include 
"How to Finance a Car," "Money," "All About Interest," "Metrics and You," "Eating for Good 
Health," "You and Insurance," " Jredit," "Real Cost," and "Understanding Checkbooks- 
Statements." Personal Consumerism titles are "Tips on Buying a Used Car," "Reading an 
Advertisement," "Consumerism and You," "Shopping in a Comparative Way," "Laws for 
Consumers," "Consumer Fraud," "Consumer Help," and "Understanding Labels." 



Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 



Software for Personal Counseling 



59 



PHYSICAL HEALTH 



General 



BARN (BODY AWARENESS RESOURCE NETWORK) 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program provides private and non-judgmental health information, behavior change ideas, 
and sources of referral on a wide range of health topics. 

Apple n 

Students in grades 7-12 

Encyclopedia Britaanica Educational Corp. 

$1195.00 for this entire package; $169.00 to $419.00 per module 

The individual BARN program can be used with groups or individually. Indices include: "Who 
to Call for Help," "Body Caie," "Stress" (includes communications), "Beer and Drugs," "Sex," 
and "Smoking." The computer conveys information through conversation, games, and 
interactive interviews. The program can be localized with names and addresses of agencies. 
The program was extensively researched and tested on thousands of teenagers anu evaluated 
for behavior change and impact on their lives. FAMILY BARN focuses on teaching communi- 
cation skills and facilitating discussions at home. (This program is updated regularly,) 



BITS, BYTES AND THE BRAIN 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact($): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program compares the brain and computer in terms of function and malfunction, and 
offers advice on how to assist someone in an epileptic seizure. 

Apple n series, 48K, one disk drive 

School nurses, teachers, students, grades 1-3 

Epilepsy Foundation of America 

Free (plus postage and handling) to educators; includes two-sided disk, activity sheets, 
vocabulary 

BITS, BYTES AND THE BRAIN provides basic information about the nature and causes of 
epilepsy and offers practical advice on how to help someone who has a seizure. The program 
compares the operation of the human brain to that of the central processing unit ("brain") of the 
COTipuier; then it shows what happens when the computer malfunctions and when the brain 
malfunctions. Graphics are used throughout the program which is narrated by "Chip," a 
friendly microcomputer chip. Average time to go through the program is thirty minutes. Not 
copy-protected. (This description pertains to the version developed in October, 1987,) 



CHRONIC PAIN BATTERY 



Summary: This program collects a wide range of medical, psychological, social and behavioral 
information to assess chronic pain. 

Hardware: IBM PC 

Intended Users: Chronic pain clients 

Contact(s): Multi-Health Systems 

Cost: $165.(X;, mcludes 10 administrations; $381.00, 25 administrations 



ERIC 



General 



PHYSICAL HEALTH 



Description: The Pain Assessment Questionnaire<Revised covers five topics: demographic and social 
history, medical history, behavioral learning factors, psychological factors, and client problem 
ratings. 



EXPLORING YOUR BRAIN 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



EXPLORING YOUR BRAIN focuses on the brain, its malfunctions, and the appropriate social 
responses. 

Apple n+. He, 48K, 5 1/4" disk drive, Applesoft, DOS 3.3 
Counselors, teachers, and students grades 7-12 
Epilepsy Foundation of America 
No charge (while supply lasts) 

EXPLORING YOUR BRAIN focuses mainly on iM-ain structure and neuronal communication; 
it also helps students to understand that an epileptic seizure is a result of neuronal malfunction 
and to know appropriate social responses. It helps banish old myths and improve the social 
acceptance of epileptics. Four units use color graphics and animation and include mastery tests. 
The average lesson time is 10 la'nutes. There is no recordkeeping and it is not copy-protected 
or list-protected. 



HEALTH RISK APPRAISAL 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



HEALTH RISK APPRAISAL allows smdents to dialog with the computer about health-related 
behavic»r and receive suggestions for improving their habits. 

Apple n, nc. He, 48K; TRS-80 Models m, IV, 48K; IBM PC, 64K 

Junic»r high school students to adult 

Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids 
Teaching Aids, Inc. 

$99.00, includes one disk, backup and training guide 

In the first of three parts, the computer gets the vital statistics of the student and then presents 
the risks of dying from the ten leading causes of death for people of that sex, race, and age. The 
second section individualizes the risks of each cause of death by asking 40 questions on 
personal habits (smoking, drinking, drugs, etc.). As each question is answered, the computer 
gi' es immediate feedback regarding the increase or decrease of mortality risk. The last section 
shows how specific mortality rates could be reduced by changing certain her'*h behaviors and 
calculates the decrease associated with each change. 



Q Software for Personal Counseling 



61 



PHYSICAL HEALTH 



General 



KEEPING SAFE 

Suumary: This is a computer sim ilation program to gently alert children to potentially dangerous 
situations. 

Hardware: Apple n series 

Intended Users: Grades K-7 

Contact(s): Marshware 

Cost: $49.95, includes disk and teaching guide 

Description: This program (with color graphics) features Buddy and Sally who have simulated experiences 
requiring choices to be made by the user, such as. answering the phone while alone or being 
followed or approached by a stranger. Children are guided and supported to leam principles of 
personal safety. 



ERLC 



62 



Eating Problems 



PHYSICAL HEALTH 



NEVER FAT AGAIN 

Summary: Through behavior modification techniques, thu software direct: a person through a weight loss 
program. 

Hardware: Apple n series; IBM PC 
Intended Users: People who want <o lose weight 
Contact(s): Psychological Psoftware 
Cost: $49.50 

Description: Learn about eating habits and see how to change how one eats, not what one eats. The goal is 
to lose weight safely and permanently without calorie counting or measuring food. Subliminal 
message;! also program the subconscious mmd for weight loss. (This description pertains to 
the revised version dr veloped in 1985.) 



Software for Personal Counseling 63 



PHYSICAL HEALTH 



Substance Abuse 



ALCOHOL AND HEALTH 

Summary: This package allows people to make informed decisions about alcohol use. 
Hardware: Apple n 
Intended Users: Grades 7 and above 
Contact(s): Cambridge Career Products 

Cost: $1 20.00, includes two disks, teacher study aids, documentation 

Description: The first disk emphasizes the personal effects of drinkii:^, id the second disk discusses ihe 
social aspects of alcohol use. Tutorials are interactive ar include: Reasons for Drinking 
Alcohol, Physiological Effects of Alcohol, Peer Influence o. Drinking, Alcohol and the Law, 
Drinking and Driving, and Alcoholism. Review tests follow each tutorial. 



ALCOHOL— AN EDUCATIONAL SIMULATION 

Summary: This program teaches about the physical, emoticMial, and social effects of drinking alcohol. 
Hardware: Apple n+, He, He, 48K, 5 1/4" disk drive, Applesoft, DOS 3.3 
Intended Users: Students grades S- 1 6 
CoQtact(s): Marshware 
Cost: $49.95 

Description: This program tea.;hes about the effects c/ drmking alcohol. It enaoies students to control 
consumption of food and hard and soft drinki> by up to six people at a party and to see the 
effects. The program covers alcohol and its physical, emotional and social effects on an 
individual; blood alcohol content level and its significance; and reading a Blood Alcohol 
Content (B AC) graph. 



Al COHOL DECISIONS. DRINKING AND DRIVING 

Summary: With tliii software, students are helped to make effective decisions about drinking and dnvin?. 
Hardware: Apple U series 
Intended Users: xligh srhool students 
Contact(s): Teachin,^. Aids, Inc. 

Cost: $69.00 includes one distw, backup, and teacher's guide 

Description: ALCOHOL DECISIONS includes a driving simulation, a questionnaire thai evaluates 
personality traits that may affect drinking decisions, a section that graphically displays the 
physiological effects of different levels of alcohol consumption, an open-ended decision- 
maki!£ section where students can see possible consequences of various choices, and a data 
base that describes sources of help. 



64 

ERiC 



70 



Substance Abuse 



PHYSICAL HEALTH 



CHEMICAL DEPENDENCY ASSESSMENT PROFILE (CDAP) 



SummFry: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s). 
Cost: 

Description: 



This is a structured interview program evaluating the s^^trum of alcohol and/or drug use. 

IBM PC and compatibles 

Counselors, psychologists, practitioners 

Psychologistics, Inc. 

$295.00, includes unlimited use diskette 

T'le CDAP evaluates alcohol and drug use, including history of dependencies, patterns, 
reinforcement dimensions of use, beliefs about use and dependency, self-concept, and 
interpersonal relations. The profile investigates alcohol use, use of other drugs, and mixed or 
poly-drug abuse patterns. The CDAP can be administered on the computer or by paper and 
pencil questionnaire. A 3-6 page narrative report is generated, organizing the obtained 
information for case conceptualization and treatment planning. Reports may be piinted and/or 
saved to a text file which can be accessed by word processor for modification or additions. 
(Tfus description pertains to the revised version developed in 1986.) 



CONSUMERS GUroE— PRESCRIPTION/NON-PRESCRIPTION DRUGS 



Summary: 
Htirdware: 

Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This program covers various aspects of over the-counter drugs. 

Apple n+, nc. He, 48K, 5 1/4" disk drive, Applesoft, DOS 3.3; IBM PC/PCjr., 64K, 5 1/4" disk 
drive. PC-DOS 

Students, grades middle school through college 

Intellectual Software 

$44.95 

This program describes the active ingredients/contents of drugs, methods of use, effects of 
various over-the-counter and prescription medications, and generic substitutes. Average lesson 
time is 35 minutes. This is copy- and list-protected. 



DRUG ABUSE 

Summary: DRUG ABUSE is a program that teaches about a variety of drugs in a non^condescendir^ 
approach. 

Hardware: Apple H; TRS-80 Models m, IV; IBM PC 

Intended Users: Junior high school students to aoult 

Contact(s): Career Aids 

Intellectual Software 
Queue 

Cost: $39.95 for TRS-80 and IBM versions; $49.95 for Apple; includes one disk and teacher's guide 

with management features 



Software for Personal Counseling 



PHYSICAL HEALTH 



Substance Abuse 



Description: All major drugs are covered in this software: cocaine, cannabis, minor tranquilizers, LSD, 
solvents, alcohol, amphetamines, caffeine, sedative hypnotics, opiates, tobacco, antihistamines, 
and PCP. Students can learn the active ingredients/contents, methods of use, preparations, 
short- and long-term effects, prevalence of use, and legal status of the drugs. The Apple 
version has a built in management system that keeps scores for ten students. 



DRUG ALERT! 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contactls): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This is an interactive ruie-playing grr.phics game that informs students about drugs and 
alcohol. 

Apple II 

Grades 5-9 

M'jidscape 
EISI 

S39.95 includes teacher's guide, lesson plans and reproducible activity charts 

In this program, the students try to rescue a friend from drug dependency and gather facts 
about the symptonw, medical implications, history and street names of commonly used dnigs. 
They r^se the information to solve problems and find their way through a maze of rooms. They 
learn to tiiiiik critically in solving problems related to substance abuse. The progrc i includes 
an on-line handbook, a database of 45 drugs with iheir c ascriptions, effects of overdose and 
withdrawal, legal status, and other facts. 



DRUGS 



Summary: 
Hardware: 

Intended Users: 

ContactCs): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This program covers a multitude of topics related to drugs. 

Apple n+. He, He, 48X, 5 1/4" disk drive, Applesoft, DOS 3.3- ii3M PC, PCjr., 64K, 5 1/4" 
disk drive, PC-DOS 

Students grades 7-16 

Intellectual Software 

$39.95 

DRUGS describes the active ingredients/contents, methods of use, preparations, snort- and 
long-term effects, prevalence of use, and legal status of various drugs. It includes cocaine, 
cannabis, nunor tranquilizers, LSD, solvents, alcohol, amphetamines, caffeine, sedatives, 
hypnotics, opiates, tobacco, antihistamines, and PCP. 



er|c 



66 



Subsirnce Abuse PHYSICAL HEALTH 



DRUGS: THEIR EFFECTS ON YOU (DISK I) 
DRUGS; WHO'S IN CONTROL (DISK II) 



Summary: Disk I of DRUGS le^' about ihe positive and harmful effects of drugs and how to say no to 
drug abuse. Disk n reuilorces Disk I with role play in simulations. 

Hardware: Apple n series 

Intended Users: Grades 4 to adult 

Contact(s): Marshware 

Cost: $49.95 each, includes program disk and leaching guide; $84.00 for the set 

Description: The first program describes the good and bad aspects of drug use, how it can lead to abuse, and 
the effects peer pressure. A quiz is included. The second disk allows students to work in 
grouDS, roic playing computer-generated simulated situations requiring decisions, (This 
description pertains to the revised version developed in 1987,) 

Note: See Section HI for a review of this program. 



IF YOU DRINK 



Summary: This program provides an educational tool about alcohol use and abuse for adolescents and 
adults. 

Hardware: IBM K . 1/4", fflM PC 3 1/2"; Apple 
Intended Users: Junior high, high school, and 'lege students 
Contact(s): Multi-Health Systems 
Cost: $100.00 

Desci iptii r. This program is comprised of four parts: (1) an alcdiol quiz, (2) a simulated breathalyzer test 
with graphs sliowing how blood alcohol contents are calculated, (3) a lest of attitudes toward 
drLoking and driving, and (4) an alcohol and drugs component that presents i database of 
interaction between alcohol and 16 commonly prescribed medications. 

Note: See Section III for a review of this program. 



THE SMOKING DECISION 



Summary: This program uses decision-making situations to h^lp students form opinions aix)ut their use of 
cigarettes. 

Hardware: Apple 

Intended Users : Grades 6-12 

Contact(s): Sunburst 

Cost: $65,00, includes diskette, backup, and teacher's guide 

Description: An interactive program, THE SMOKING DECISION uses colorful graphics to reinforce the 
content. The program encourages students to make their own decisions on whether or not to 
smoke. 




Software for Personal Counseling ^ 67 



PHYSICAL HEALTH 



Substance Abuse 



SMOKING: IT^S UP TO YOU 

Summary: This program allows students to examine several tq)ics related to smoking. 

Hardr^are: Apple n+, He, He, HGS, 5 1/4" disk drive, Applesoft, DOS 3.3. A Corvus network version is 
also available 

Intended Users: Students grades 7-12 

Contact(s): MECC 

Cost: $39.00 

Description: This program : '?ows students to examine several smoking related topics. Included among them 
are health risk^, cost considerations, immediate effects, a^id personal attitudes. 



TOBACCO— TO SMOKE OR NOT TO SMOKE 

Summary: This program lets students try smoking decision options and see the consequences in simulated 
sifiiarinnfi 



Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cist: 

Description: 



situations 
Apple n, n+. He, HGS, 48K 
Grades 4 to adult 
Marshware 

$49.95, includes disk and teaching guide 

In a simulation, students follow a computer "friend" from age 15 to 70 after deciding whether 
the friend will smc*e or not. Students leam social, psychological, [Aiysical, and occupational 
consequences of the decision. A tutorial afterward reviews smoking facts and problems. A quiz 
is included. (This description pertains to the revised version developed in 1985,) 



O 58 

ERLC 



74 



Sexuality 



PHYSICAL HEALTH 



AIDS SOFTWARE SERIES 

Summary: These two disKs provide an understanding of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (A^DS). 
Hardware: Apple II 

r.:tended Users: Junior high and high school students 
Contact(s): Marshware 

Cost: $S4.9S each; $94.00 for both disks and teaching guide 

Description: The first disk is a tutorial and quiz administe ed on-line, cali'^d "AIDS: The New Epidemic." 

Students learn symptoms, prevention, transmission and testing for the disease. Questions 
missed on the subsequent quiz are explained. The other program is "AIDS: Tht Investigation" 
and allows students to test, in a game format, their knowledge of how AIDS is spread. The 
student fills the rol j of a health investigator when a baby is bom with AIDS. The student uses 
information learned on the first disk to determine the events that caused the contracting of the 
disease. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1987.) 

ASK ME 

Summary: This program covers commonly asked questions posed by adolescents about sex. 

Harc^'/varc: Apple n series, 48K 

Intended Users: Junior high school students 

Conta€t(s) : Career Aids 

Cost: $99.50, includes two disks, insert 

Description: This program was designed by two junior high counselors who wanted a way to answer 
students* questions about sex without embarrassment or lectures. ASX ME stresses self-esteem 
for self and others and has a straight-for^^ard question and answer format covering body 
changes, birth c(xitrol, sexual intercourse, pregnancy, and sexually transmitted diseases from 
both a male and female perspective. It contains a glossary of terms cross referenced to popular 
slang words. 



FROM THE BEGEVNiNG—MENSTRUATION 

Summary: This software explains the menstrual process and the female reproductive system. 
Hardware: Apple n series, 48K 

Intended Users: Upper elementary, junior high, and high school students 

Contact(s): Career Aids 

Cost: $Sr.OO, includes one disk, backup 

Description: Students use FROM THE BEGINNING to learn about the female reproductive cycle, 
menstrual flow, sanitary protection, exercising. Toxic Shock Syndrome, menopause, and how 
to use a menstrual calendar. There is a worksheet and a test on the disk that can be copied. 



Software for Personal Counseling 




PHYSICAL HEALTH 



Sexuality 



SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES 



Sutnmary: 

Hardware: 
Intenced Users: 
Contact(5): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This is a simulation/tutorial program to educate students about sexually ira^ mitted diseases 
(STD*s). 

Apple n series, 48K 

Junior high school students and up 

Career Aids 

$SS.OO, includes one disk, backup, and manual 

The various types of STD's (gonorrhea, syphilis, AIDS, herpes, etc.) are explained, stressing 
their harmful effects and the need for treatment. The student is led through a simulation of an 
irresponsible sexual relationship and its possible STD consequences. Graphics demonstrate 
how these diseases can spread through the population if left untreateJ . A quiz at the end 
measures the student i knowledge. 



TREATING SEXUAL PROBLEMS 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



The first program in this developing series concerns measures to overcome erection problems. 

Apple He; IBM PC and compatibles 

Adults 

Psycomp 

$129.95, includes, two disks and Hterature 

This interactive 10-session program clarifies frequently-held misconceptions and introduces 
corrective measures :o overcome the problems. The user is guided through practical and easy- 
lo-understand ways to make the desired changes, using ih.* principles of cognitive therapy. 



VENEREAL DISEASE 



Summary: This program offers instruction about the various venereal diseases. 

Hardware: Apple n series, 48K; IBM PC, PCjr, 64K 

Intended Users: High school students through adult 

CoR tact(s) : Career Aids 

Intellectual Software 
Queue 

Cost: $34.95, includes disk, teacher's manual and user's guide 

Description: This software describes the diseases, types of ueatment available, causes, transmission, 
preventicm, effects, and current research. It covers syphilis, gonorrhea, herpes, and AIDS. This 
is a self-paced program with a quiz. 



70 

ERIC 



COMMUNICATIONS 



THE ART OF COMMUNICATION 

Summary: The software is designed to help persons improve or save personal relationships, from business 
to romance. 

Hardware: Apple n series; IBM PC; Commodore 64 
Intended Users: Students grades 7-12 and adults 
Contact(s): Psychological Psoftware 
Cost: $39.50 — specify adult or student edition 

Description: This program teaches conununication and active listening skills. It asks questions about a 
particular relaticxiship, then gives an analysis of the relationship and advises the user how to 
proceed in the relationship. 



ASSERTIVENESS TRAINING 

Summary: Students learn the value of asserting themselves in particular situations. 

Hardware: Apple n, He, 48K; IBM PC 

Intended Users: Junior high and high school students 

Contact(s) : Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids, Inc. 
Psychological Psoftware 

Cost: $39.50 

Description: ASSERTIVENESS TINNING assesses the current assertiveness levcis of students and 
defines the art of assertiveness through tutorials. Students learn that being able to say "no" does 
not have to make them feel guilty. 



BODY LANGUAGE ANALYSIS 

Summary: With this program, a student leams to become aware of non-verbal communication taking 
place, and how to interpret signals. 

Hardware: Apple n 

Intended Users: Junior high sciMX)l students to adult 
Contact(s) : Career Aids 

Cost: $90.00, includes two disks with backup, manual 

Descriptirn: This is designed to increase self-awareness of one's non-verbal communication toward others. 

The students leam how others reaci to this subconscious language and how they themselves 
view it. Students study mixed signals and how to interpret them. In the second c'isk, students 
evaluate each other's (but not their own) body language signals by answering 75 questions. 
There is a game to evaluate body messages at the end of the disk. 



Q Software for Personal Counseling 

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71 



COMMUNICATIONS 



COMMUNICATION SKILLS 

Summary: With this program, students leam to work and communicate bet:er with each other. 

Hardware: Apple n 

Intended Users: Students, grade 6 and up, adults 

Contact(s): EISI 

Cost: $59.95, includes disk and backup 

Description: Students leam such conununicaticxi skills as attending, determining goaL of both parties, and 
creating itive expectations. The goals of the software are to have students learn 
communications signals, explain the effects of at least three listemng skills, demonstrate 
listening ckills in a taped conversation, define the goal of the partner's message, be familiar 
with the law of similar response, and analyze negative expectations. 



FAMILY COMMUNICATIONS 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This software is designed to help families improve communiCuiion, reduce conflicts, and 
develop better relationships. 

MS-DOS computer, printer 

Families 

Target Communication Corp. 
$^v.95 

The soft>\^e accepts input about bchav or style, analyzes information, and evaluates each 
family member. A printout is generated to evaluate and give advice and programs for 
improving relations and communications with each member. Ways to improve or "blend" styles 
are included. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1987.) 



THE FIRST DATE ... A SIMULATION 

Summary: This program encourages students to choose appropriate reactions to 15 common experiences 
associated with beginning to date. 

Hardware: Apple II series 

Intended Users: Junior high school students and up 

Contact(s) : Teaching Aids, Inc. 

Cost: $65.00, includes one disk, backup, and teacher's guide 

Description: This program may be used for large groups or individuals. The u:>er can access the program at 
the point in the simulation where he or she previously left off. Situations investigated include 
parental and sibling involvement in dating, the use of the telephone, selecting dating activities, 
friendships and peer pressure, reacting to sexual advances, offering of drugs and alcohol, and 
coping with jealousy and rejection. After finishing the simulation, the student can play the 
review game, "Fifteen," which uses the points mark in the simulations. 



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72 



73 



COMMUNICATIONS 



HEART-TO-HEART 

Summary: This software contains an instrument designed to pinpoint problem areas and improve 
communicatioii between couples. 

Hardware: IBM PC or compatible with 256K 

Intended Users: Four-year college/university, agency/community counseling, private practice 
Contact(s): Interactive Software 
Cost: $49.95 

Description: The core of the program is a comprehensive set of 180 to 200 questions spanning 12 important 
areas of relationships, including finances, sex, and personality differences. Questionnaires arc 
completed by both parties sseparately, then together they review the feedback provided by the 
program. Versions of the questionnaire include: unmarried, pre-marital, unmarried with 
children, married without children, and married with children. A summary of responses is 
displayed in a chart indicating which of the 12 areas each person rated as "greatest strengths" 
and "needs improvement," and is followed by further narrative feedback for the couple to 
discuss. 

Note: Sec Section m for a review of this program. 



HELP-ASSERT 

Summary: In this program the user can increase appropriate assertive communication at work and home, 
in public situations, and in personal relationships. 

Hardware: IBM PC, 3 1/2" or 5 1/4" disks 

Intended Users: Adults in groups or individually 

Contact(s) : Multi-Health Systems 

Cost: $295 (standard); $495 (multi-user) 

DescripHon: The user will learn to key concepts of assertiveness and assess his/her current assertive 
communication skills. The nine, 30-minute sessions give the user a chance to set pCi^onal 
goals, explore personal beliefs, and learn techniques to change. 



HELP-ESTEEM 

Summary: This program helps people devel(^ realistic and positive self-images. 
Hardware: IBM PC. ^ 1/2" or 5 1/4" disks 

Intended Users: Separate versions for youth and aduK?; individuals or in group settings 

Contact(s) : Multi-Health Systems 

Cost: $295 (standard); $495 (multi-user) 

Description: This program trams the client to make constructive changes in her or his life. It teaches 
concepts using cognitive, affective, and behavioral methods and encourages higher level 
thinking and creativity. Presentation is interactive and individualized, based on clients' 



^ Software for Personal Counseling 73 

ERIC 7-^ 



COMMUNICATIONS 



previous responses. Each of the 121 sessions requires 40 minutes or less and fits into a 
counseling or classroom session. Tested times for completion of all units ranged from five to 
nine tours. The mu'ti-user version can be used by up to 24 people concurrenlly. 



TF^ LISTENING INVENTORY 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



THE LISTENING INVENTORY is a resource tool for diagnosing th^ strengths and 
weaknesses of listening skills; there are also lessons to develop better listening abilities. 

Apple n series, 48K 

Junior high school students and older 

Career Aids 

$SS.OO, includes diskette, backup, and documentation 

This is designed to compare students' educaticmal, conversational, and recreational listening 
skills. It features interactive animated lessons to keep the students' interest. A volleyball 
analogy draws attention to the role of listening in verbal interchanges. It includes strategies for 
improving one's listening ability. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1985,) 



THE MARRIAGE COUNSELOR 



Summai y: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This is a program designed for couples to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of their 
marriage. 

Apple n; IBM PC 

Married couples 

Himian Perspectives, Inc. 

$44.95, includes program and 35-page manual 

This is not intended to provide the same service as a professional marriage counselor. It is for 
the genera, public. The program asks a series of questions and both husband and wife respond 
whether they agree or disagree. Each answer is assigned a weight while the program totals in 
the areas of love, communication, money, sex and children. It then evaluates strengths and 
weaknesses and where the marriage can be improved. If the program recognizes a serious 
problem, it recommends that the couple see a real marriage counselor at once. (This 
description pertains to the version developed in 1987,) 



MY REAL FEELINGS ABOUT SCHOOL 

Summary: This software allows teachers and pupils to evaluate their classroom along six dimensions as 
vehicle for classroom climate improvement. 

Hardware: Apple n+, He, He, 64K; IBM PC, XT, AT and compatibles; one disk drive, optional printer 

Intended Users: Teachers, guidance counselors, administrators of grades three to eight 



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74 



50 



COMMUNICATIONS 



Contact(s): Edumelrics Publishers 

Cost: $ 140.00, includes software and documenlaiion only 

$185.00-$220.00, includes school software package (room for 32 classes, unlimited re-use), 
300 student response forms (150 pre- and 150 post-), and manual, which includes the Climate 
Improvement Guidebook 

$9.00, demonstration package 

Description: Students fill in a 30-item questionnaire that taps their feelings about six areas: sense of 
belcxiging, view of teachers, classmate acceptance, school atmosphere, sense of success, and 
class togetherness. Results are then scored by each student, and thereafter entered by an adult 
into the computer for a thorough analysis of the six factors by individual, class, grade level, 
and schoo? site. The manual provides guidance as to how the results can h. used in the 
classroom fi: cussion, and how to interpret the results to identify children needing counseling 
and classroom/gradewide/schoolwide issues that need attention. Pre- and post-tests are 
provided. 



NONSEXIST CHOICES 



Summary: 
Tirdware: 
Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This package introduces students to bias-free communication skills. 
Apple He, He (80 columns); IBM PC, XT, and cwnpatibles 

Junior high school students and up, communication skills classes, business English classes, 
employee training and development programs, women's studies 

Wintergreen Software 

$125.00, includes two-disk program, instructor's manual, 22 illustrations suitable for 
transparencies, a thesaurus of bias-free alternatives for 135 sexist words. 

This program teaches how to recognize sex-biased language and how to re-write passages 
using bias-free language, generic man references, equality in job titles, dealing with pronoun 
problems, nonsexist letter salutations, the nonsexist thesaurus, and more. 

Note: See Section ni for a review of this program. 



PEER INTERACTION PROFILE 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 



Description: 



This sociometric instrument yields information about classroom dynamics and peer 
relationships. 

Apple n+, nc, ne, 64K 

For use with students in first through eighth grades 
Edumetrics Publishers 
$85.00, includes software 

$185.00, includes introductory package, with software, 30 sort-boxes, and 30 accordion inserts 
(re-usable) 

Using photocopies of class pictures at early grades, and printed names of students at later 
grades, students place each peer's picture or name into one of three colored ooxes on their desk 



EHIC 



Software lor Personal Counseling 



ft" 



75 



COMMUNICATIONS 



according to whether "this is a classmate you'd LIKE to be with in a fun group/* "a classmate 
you*d rather NOT be with in a fun group/' or **someone you can^t decide about/* This takes 
about 25 minutes of class time. The teacher collects the results and enters them into the 
computer for analysis. Data entry should take about 30 minutes. The computer will provide the 
social dynamics of the class in bar-graph and text reports. A menu offers the teacher or 
counselor various ways of dividing the class into small workgroups (four or five children each) 
according to the peer interaction data. Helpful interventions can then be introduced, the PIP re- 
administered, and pre- and post-comparisons made to determine improvement. 



THE WINNING COMBINATION 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



Four programs teach interpersonal communication and self -management skills. 
Apple n; IBM PC 

Grades 9 to adult, reading level grades S-6 

Career Aids 
EISI 

$219.95, includes four disks and backups, guides; or, $59.95 for each (Myogram 

The four programs in tnis series are: 

"Be a Winner: Be Motivated'* — Program users see that perceptions, attitudes, and values 
are related to their motivation style. A printout suggests attitudes tha*. will lead to success. 

"Be a Winner: Set Your Goal?/' — Students analyze their own abilities, values, and aptitudes 
and use this information to outline their future plans and set short- and long-term goals. 

"Be a Winner: Be Assertive" — Students learn to discriminate between assertive, non- 
assertive, aggressive, and non-assertive-aggressive behavior. The use of 'T messages is 
emphasized. 

"Be a Winner: Negotiate" — ^This program points out the characteristics of fair negotiation, 
and users are encouraged to connect their personal needs with the needs of others in a 
negotiation. 



YOU AND OTHERS SERIES 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Co.itact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program teaches the best ways to get along with others. 
Apple n series, 48K 
High school students 
Career Aids, Inc. 

$79.95, includes diskette, backup, and manual 

Students are led through interactive simulated problem situations where they are required to 
choose a best solution. The computer reviews each response and reveals which solution is most 
beneficial and why. 

Note: See Section HI for a review of this program. 



O 76 

ERLC 



C0UNSE1.ING SKILL DEVELOPMENT 



CLINICAL INTERVIEWS 



Suminary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



The user interviews a computerized client. 
IBM PC or compatible, Apple n series, or Commoctore 64/128 
Counselor education or counselor training program students 
Clinical Interview 

MS-DOS and Apple: $40.00; Commodore 64/128: $30.00 

A simulation of an initial intei*view, this program provides practice in the counseling skills of 
reflecting, attending, ^d probing. The goal is for the trainee to elicit as much information from 
the "client" as possible. Each disk contains five clients and each interview should last 
approximately two hours. Features include the ability to temporarily step out of the interview 
and reviev/ one's progress, and then immediately re-enter. 

Note: See Section ni for a review of this pro<^?un. 



COUNSELING PROCEDURES 

Summary: COUNSELING PROCEDURES includes sixteen mtorial lesson programs on eight cassettes 
covering cou »seling theories and techniques. 

Hardware: Atari 600/800 XL and Master Cartridge ($9.95); Apple U, U+, Ue; Commu' Dtc 64 and 
Conversion Kit ($99.00) 

Intended Users; Counselors 

Contact($ j : DcM^tt Educational Sysiema 

Cost: $59.90 plus Master Cartridge or Conversion Kit; includes 16 lessons on J computer ^ asseues 

Description: This is a tutorial covering cognitive and affective counseling theories counseling techniques, 
c^^ecr anu group counseling, and much more. All lessons include audio narration. (This 
dfi Mption pertains to the version developed in 1982,} 



PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS 

Summary: This is a tutorial on psychological and personality disorders. 

Hardware: Apple U 

Intended Users: Grades 7 to ' 2 

Contacl(s): Intellectual Software 
Queue 

Cost: $34.^5, includes two diFkr, 

Description: This program describes abnormal disorders including paT'anoia, depiession* schizophrenia, 
fears and phjbias. 



Software for Personal Counseling 



77 



COUNSELING SKILL DEVELOPMENT 



SCHOOL TRANSACTIONS: TEACHERS, STUDENTS, PARENTS 

Summary: Users are presented willi real-life problems and the effects of various communication styles on 
solving problems. 

Hardware: Apple n, 4gK 

Intended Users: Teachers, admin strators 

Contact(s): Conduit 

Cost . $50.00 for each of four disks 

Description: The program explores the effects of different ways of handling the problems that arise from 
human interaction. Disk 1 presents a letter to the editor written aboui the teacher and 
administrator, a fight between a student and another ^ acher, an unt ')operative librarian and 
students who steal material from the classroom. Disk 2 deals with students who appear to be 
doing no work, &'.leeping in class, vuidng diss, a despondent student and a student who appears 
♦o be taking drugs. Disk 3 contains problems encountered with cheating, a disturbance in 
detention hall, a love note from a student, and hariling a request for a special favor. Disk 4 
asks how the teacher or administrator would dea! with prank phone calls, broken lab 
equipment, teaching sexual education, getting students to cooperate on a group project and 
handling a student who wants to do an exciting but poten^ally troublesome project. Users 
choose from and explore the effects of a variety of styles and . rategies. 



78 



Software for 
Career Counseling 



Systems 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUTOANCE 



CAREER PLANNING SYSTEM 

Summary: This program presents a career expl(»^ation system designed for special needs students. 

Hard^^re: Apple He, He, 48K, two disk drives, Epson LX-80 printer, joysticks, color monitor desirable 
but optional 

Intended Users: Special needs students in middle school, high school, and other agencies 

Contact(s): The Conover Cbmpany 

Cost: $1 ,495.00, includes free biannual updates 

Description: Developed by the National Center for Research in Vocational Education, this progiam was 
field-tested using special needs students vith mild retardation, learning disabilities and 
behavioral handic£^s capable of reading at the 3.S grade level. It includes an instructor's 
manual, student guide, and an abbreviated 2-page summary of the start-up procedures. The two 
modes of CP3 are "Direct Entry Access" (no student data is retained) or "Full Management 
System," which holds up to IS students* data, retains students' records, creates rosters, and 
performs other database ^orts. The student Hrst reads the "Interest Son," then reviews the 
"Interest Areas." Students may change and reenter data in subsequent sessions. 

Note: See Section III for a review of this program. 



CAREER PLANNING SYSTEM—GROUP INTEREST SORT (CPS-GIS) 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This is an interest-screening device designed for young student to help identify vocational 
interests based on activities familiar to this age group. 

Apple n series, two disk drives, printer, filmstrip/cassette player or VCR system 

Junior high age and up; written at 3.S grade reading level 

The Conover Company 

$29S.CO, includes one c^^sette/fihnstrip or videotape, five disks, answer sheet, adminiciration 
manual 

This program allows young people to identify their interests via 50 questions supported by a 
picture showing an activity. It can be used with low- or non- readers as well as with large 
groups. The results relate to Worker Trait Groups (WTG) and to vocational training 
opportunities usually found in a secondary setting. The piogram can create an Individualized 
Education Plan (lEP) within 3-5 minutes per student. Local information can be used to 
customize the software. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1987.) 



CAREER PLANNING SYSTEM (CPS)— SHORT VERSION 

Summary: This is an instructional program for special populations that provides a variety of career 
exploration and planning experiences for those developing a career plan. 

Hardware: Apple n series, two disk drives, color mcmitor recommended, printer optional 

Intended Users: Special need populations; meets Career Exploration and planning requirements of Cari Perkins 
Vocational Educ tion Act (Title HA— Handicapped and Disadvantaged); written at 3.5 grade 
reading level 



Software for Career Counseling 



SELF-\SSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Systems 



Contact(s): Cambridge Career Products 
The Conover Company 

Cost: $495.00, includes 18 disks, instructor guide, six student guiJcs 

Description: This is a smaller version of the CPS. There are 15 simulated job activities in this version. These 
15 activities, when correlated to the Worker Tirait Groups, relate to several thousand jobs that 
have the same interest and aptitude patterns as the original 15 activities. These 15 interest areas 
^^oresent the most common vocational programs found in most schools throughout the country, 
liiey also directly relate to the vocational assessment system known as "Micro-Computer 
Evaluation of Career Areas" (MECA). CPS wiP print out an Individualized Education Plan 
(lEP). The system can be customized using local course descriptors. The 15 simulated job 
activities in CPS include auto mechaiiic, pai" tar, hair stylist> drafter, commercial artist, 
computer service technician, cook, secretary, mdchinist, stock clerk, licensed practical nurse, 
carpenter, farmer, landscape gardener an j file clerk. (This description pertains to the version 
developed in 1985.) 



CAREER POINT 

Summary: This is a Comprehensive Career Development System featuriiig Holland's Self -Directed Search 
which results in setting goals and developing a plan of action. 

Hardware: IBM PC J-.T, AT, 64nK RAM, color graphics adapter; mouse optional 

Intended Users: Corporate and government agencies 

Contact(s): Conceptual Systems, Inc. 

Cost: $6,900.00 lease for first year, $1,800.00 successive years. Add-ons: Job Edit, $2,300.00; 

Summit Courseware System, $2500.00; calendar for training courses, $2,300.00; CompScan 
for identifying and prioritizing competencies, $1,300.00-2,500.00; and Resume Writer, 
$295.00 

Description: The basic comprehensive system is in four parts: Career Development Introduction, Self- 
Assessment, Setting Goals, and Your Development Plan. It features colorful text and graphics; 
a tutorial on career development; the Self-Direcled Search to assess occi national values, skills, 
and interests; and components leading users to set goals and plans. It can be linked to other 
programs allowing customizing, such as, a database of company jobs marked by SDS code or 
certain skills, training class information, competencies needed by the company, and a resume 
writer. The add-on programs can be used without the CAREER POINT system. (This 
description pertains to the version developed in 1986.) 



CHOICES 

Summary: CHOICES is a computerized, interactive career awareness system which provides student 
access to accurate and comprehensive self-assessment and career information. It encourages 
knowledgeable C3'"'*er exploration and decision-making. 

Hardware: Any Apple U with 48K proccasoi, two single density drives and a printer; IBM PC (dual drives 
or hard disk and printer) 




82 



Systems 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Intended Users: 

ConUict(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



High schools, colleges and universities, career counseling and placement centers, trade and 
vocational tinning sites; versions are available for specific states in the U.S. and individual 
countries 

CSG Corporation 

Call (800) 267-7095 for pricing information. Unlimited copies can be maae at each site 

CHOICES is a computerized assessment, occupational, and college information system that is 
fully interactional. After taking the assessment and fmding suggestions about careers, st . dents 
can Explore for occupations that match any combination of up to 65 criteria; get Specific 
information describing an occupation: Compare occunationi; and find rxxupations Related to 
one of interest. CHOICES allows stt^ents to change responses, and to move from one section 
to another. It sorts, manip* lates and retrieves career information in response to data it recei\'es 
from the student. CHOICES provides information about most postsecondary institutions, 
including junior colleges. Sites may program in their own local vocational training 
opportunities too. 

CHOICES uses 1010 DOT occupations (including major military categories) a<5 its database. In 
addition, it has ten regionalized data files. 



CHOICES JR. 



Summary: 
Hardware* 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program enables students to gain self-awareness and ideas for career alternatives. 
IBM PC, PCjr.; Apple n+,*ne; printer (^tional; color, sound, graphics optional 
Grade six and beyond; academically disadvantaged older students 
CSG Corporation 

$450.00, includes disk, teacher's guide, 2 career boc!cs, and 100 activities checklists 

A tutorial module allows students to journey to the "Universe of Career Choices" and to the 
"World of Work." Along the way, they learn concepts such as career paths, occupational 
groups, interests, working conditions, life styles, etc. While orbiting, they take stock of their 
woric-related needs to choose a suitable landing site. In the "Exploruig Career Fields" module, 
snidents see the impact of their tentative choices on future career alternatives. The computer 
;oses questions and the answers trigger matching career fields. The questions concern 
activities, education levels and school subjects. The object is to force introspection, not a 
definite career choice. "Checking Out Career Fields" allows students to browse through 20 
career fields and 250 occupational groups, simulating "landings" on the "World of Work.*' 
(This program is updated annually.) 

Note: See Section III for a review of this program. 



C-LECT 

Summary: C-LECT is a complete and up-to-date career guidance program It uses temperament ind 
interest surveys to idennfy occupations. C-LECT contains occupational profiles, a search for 
two-year and four-year colleges and vocational-technical schools, profiles of those schools, and 
a financial aid module. 



Software for Career Counseling 

ERiC 



83 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Systems 



Hardware: MS-DOS IBM PC, XT. Tandy 1000*, 1200, 3000*; NCR, other IBM compatibles; Apple He, 
hard disk; Radio Shack Model 12, Model 6000 

*Hard disk required 

Intended Users: Junior high, high school, and college students 

Contact(s): Chronicle Guidance Publications, Inc. 

Cost: Yearly license fee is $1 ,400.00 

Description: C LECT features Occupational, Educational, and Financial Aid searches and piofil^-s. It is easy 
to use and does not require staff assistance. Users generally complete the entire program in 
under one hour. 

Occupational Module: The occupational investigation is based on a self-a3sessment that 
includes temperament and interest inventories. Scores from SDS (Holland Codes) may be used 
in place of the on-line inventories. From this and the amount of education the user intends vo 
have upon entering the work-fCHce, physical disabilities, and preferences of wo*'k environment, 
C-LECT identifies matching occupations. These, or any other of the nearly 700 occupations in 
the database, may be explored. 

Educational Module: The user may search for two-year or four-year '^alleges or vocational- 
■>echnical schools. There are over 8,000 educational institutions in the C-LECT database. Based 
on the type of institution, locatira* size, cost, program of study, major, and other factors, C- 
LECT identifies matching schools. These, or any other school in the database, may then be 
profiled. 

Financial Aid Module: Based on either program of study (major) or state, C-LECT will 
identify matching loans, grants, scholarships, and other forms of student aid. Tliese programs 
may then be explored. 

The database includes: 

• 7Ca occupational profiles which describe work performed, education and training, 
qualifications, salary, mployment outlook, D.O.T., G.O.E., and Holland codes 

• 3000 related occupations, 103 with military cross-reference 

• about 1,821 four-year colleges 

• about 2,245 two-year colleges 

• about 4, 1 27 vocational schools 

• Over 700 sources of fuiancial aid, scholarships, loans, grants, award programs. Contact 
agencies are provided. Information on eligibility and application is included 

• 223 resources for appre«^ticeship programs 

The Financial Aid/Apprenticeship Investigation ^ s data on fmancial aid for both college- 
bound and ncHi-college-bound individuals. It has imormation on apprenticeships, student loans, 
grants, scholarships, and contact agencies, both private and state. C-LECT relates fmancial aid 
programs to academic majors and helps students search for aid for which they ni^y be eligible. 
C-LECT maintains a student file by ID number. Printouts can be made of all date ^eenSv and 
student Rh reports. By using the report generator, the counselor can obtain a printout for 
review of all students responses. 

C-LECT is available as a complete unit or in three separate modules: (1) Occupational, 
(2) Educational, or (3) Financial Aid/Apprenticeship. Details and prices are available upon 
request. (This description pertains to the revised version developed in September, 1987. This 
program is updated annually.) 




Systems 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUffiANCE 



C-LECTJR. 



Sumnmry: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



C-LECT JR. is a self -assessment and career exploration program. 
Apple n series 
Grades 7 through 10 



inicle Guidance Publications 

$199.00, includes student workbooks, floppy disk. Occupational Profile Book. (Quantity 
discounts are available fc^r the program and also parts of the program.) 

C-LECT JR. is a self-assessment and occupaticMial investigation program for middle school 
smdents. Students answer questi(ms about their temperaments, interests, and expected level of 
education in the Student's W<rtbook. Answers are then transferred to the computer where a 
search is done of the occupati(mal database, and a list of matching occupations is provided to 
the student Users then lock up these occupations in the Career Profile Guide. The guide 
conf^ins infcmnation on work perfcxmed, education and and training, qualifications, salary 
outlook, occupaticm ouOook, related occupations, aiid other so^jrces of information. (This 
description pertains to the version developed in January, 1986.) 



COIN 

Summary: The Cowdinated Occupational Information Network (COIN) is an occupational/educational 
data system for students to search and evaluate career interests and q)pornmities. 

Hardware: IBM PC and compatibles with hard disk 

Intended Users: Secondary educauon smdents, teachers, guidance counselors, vocational students, librarians, 
job placement personnel, people changing careers, displaced labor for e, college students, and 
military service candidates 

Contact(s): Eduownp, Lie. 

Resoiuce Directories 

Cast: $250.00 for COIN CAREER SEARCH software and $250.00 for seven diskettes (one for each 

region of the USA) in COLLEGE SEARCH which are designed for use witii COIN microfiche 
($945.00). The hard disk system is approximately $1400.00 per site, per year lease of software 
and now includes all college infomiation; discounts available 

Description: COIN provides in-depth knowledge of a vast reservoir of occupational/educational 
opportunities, educational and training requirements, course curriculums, job markets, salaries, 
woridng conditions, financial aid programs, scholarships, trade aiq)renticeshins, and projected 
employment outlocdcs. 

COIN CAREER SEARCH: Self-booting program asks students to first choose which of seven 
**career routes** is most important to them: 

Interest — data, people, things 

Working Conditions — inside, outside, or both 

Career Clusters— 13 in the COIN program 

Education Levels— nine levels, from no high school diploma to professional degree or 
Ph.D. 



1. 
2. 
3. 
4. 



5. Physical S. ength— preference for ligh» . inedium, or heavy lifting 



Q Software for Care^ Counseling 

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8S 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Systems 



6. Physical Demands— preferences for climbing, kneeling, feeling, seeing, or talking/ 
listening on the job 

Within each "route" students are asked to make their choices. The computer informs them at 
each stage how many choices remain. A read*out of actual job titles can be requested when a 
r sonable number is achieved. The microcomputer program is intended as an adjunct to the 
microfiche career information s>stem. Occupations retrieved from this program are matched 
with corresponding college majors at two- and four-year colleges and universities by 
geographical region. 

COIN COLLEGE SEARCH: The user selects the region of country to search and inserts the 
appropriate disk. The computer asks whether searching for a particular major is desired. If yes, 
the user types in a code from COIN College Majcw Index (229 college majors listed). The 
computer tells how many colleges there are in that region and asks which states the user 
wishes. After choosing state(s), the user can son on the following criteria: 

1. Admission Selectivity — open, liberal, traditional, selective, highly selective 

2. TVpe of School — two- or four-year 

3. Size of School— under 1 ,000 students, 1 ,000-5,000, 5,000-15,000, and over 15, "00 

4. Size of Surrounding Conununity — small town, small city, medium city, large city, very 
large city 

5. Affiliation — public, private (non-religious). Baptist, Jewish, etc. 

6. Cost— under $1,000, $1,000-2,000, $2,000-3,000, $3,000-$4.000, $4,000-5,0^9, over 
$5,C00 

As each questicHi is answered by the user, the computer calculates the number of remaining 
schools and informs the user. When an appropriate number of schools is reached, the user 
requests a printout. It is intended as an adjunct to a microfiche career information system, but it 
could be used with college catalogs alone. 



COMPUTER CAREER PLANNING SERIES 



Summary: Three concise microcomputer programs provide a complete assessment program, plus 
information about salary range, job outlook, years of training, and job description. 

Hardware: Apple n. He, 32K, DOS 3.3; TRS-80 Models m, IV, 32K; disk drive required 

Intended Users: Junior high and high school students 

Contact(s): Career Aids, Inc. 

Cost: $360.00 includes a complete set of 8 disks, 10 booklets, Job-0 Dictionary, College Major 

Handbook, and Choosing a Career Folder. Programs available individually: Job-0 and Major- 
Minor Finder, $89.00 each; Career Exploration Series, $249.95 

Description: • "JobO" is a general-interest survey that matches student interests with 120 of the most 
popular and traditional jobs. 

• "Major-Minw Finder" is a survey of 99 college majors tied to career choices. The student 
answers questions about college and work interests and the program lists related majors. 

• "Career jixplcvation Series" focuses upCMi 6 career categories: Agriculture, ConservatiMn 
and Forestiy; Business, Sales, Management and Clerical; Consumer/Home Economics; 



Systems 



SELF. ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Design, Art and Communicauons; Industrial, Construction, Mechanics and Transportation; 
and Science, Math and Health Occupations. 



CCAPP: COMPUTERIZED CAREER ASSESSMENT 
AND PLANNING PROGRAM 

Summary: CCAPP is a career development system that helps students determine their interests and 
abilities, organize them into career clusters, and make career plans. 

Haruware: Apple n series, 48K; TRS-80 Models HI. .V; IBM PC; one or two disk drives, printer. 

Intended Users: High school students and adults 

Contact(s): Cambridge Career Products) 
Career Aids, Inc. 
The Ccmover Company 
EISI 

Jefferson Software (developer) 
K-12 Micro Media 
Opportunities for Learning 
SVE 

Cost: $485.00, includes 8 diskettes, a Counselor's Manual, and "Student Instructions ' handouts; 

periodic updates available 

Description: CCAPP is a self-directed, individualized career development system that helps students: 

• determine their career interests and abilities 

• select occupations, and career clusters 

• look up chai tcteristics of specific clusters and occupations 

• develop plans to enter the career of their cnoice 

CCAPP allows each student the opportunity to gain career knowledge and learn decision- 
making skills. The system contains four separate programs: Career Assesment, Selecting 
Alternatives, Career Planning, and Career Exploration. Each lakes about 40 minutes to 
complete. 

In addition to learning career decision-making skills and gaining occupational knowledge, 
students receive printouts from each activity which contain such ir< -nation as: 

• a summary of their career interests and skills 

• a list of occupational clusters and specific occupations 

• descriptive information on selected occupations and occupational clusters 

• learning activities for further occupaticmal exploration 

• a list of college majors or vocational courses of study relating to career interests 

• an individualized Career plan 

• a job hunting plan 

The information within the system is based on and refers students to pages in the Guide for 
Occupational Exploration, the OOH, the DOT, Lovejoy's College Guide, and Barron's Profiles 
of American Colleges. (Tfus program is updated annually.) 



Q ^ftwaie for Career Counseling 87 

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Systems 



CCIS: COMPUTERIZED CAREER INFORMATION SYSTEM 

Summary: This two-pan system presents a means to career exploration and career information. 

Hardware: Apple n, He. 48K. DOS 3.3; TRS-80 Model m. 48K; IBM PC. 64K; disk drive required 

Intended Users: Junior high and high school students 

Contact(s): Cambridge Career Prod J:^ (Apple and TRS-80) 
Career Aids, Inc. (all versions) 
Opportunities for Learning, Inc. (Apple and TRS-80) 

Cosi- $300.00 (Cambridge $375.00). includes 5 disks, a teacher's manual, and supplementary 

material 

Description: The "Career Game" considers six categories of information based upon worker U"aits: work 
activities, work situations, daia-people-ihings, aptitudes, educational development and physical 
demands. The program will evaluate the student's answers and provide a summary of vocations 
suitable for that individual's traits. The disk will store up to SOO active users at any time and 
more may be stored on blank disks. Special routmes allow foe modificatiom to add state or 
local information to the system. 

The "Information Files" offer the user the opportunity to explore further information about 
careers of interest, either those derived from the "Career Game" or from the student's own 
research. It covers sources, wages, etc. 



CHEOPS— COMPUTERIZED HIGHER EDUCATION AND 
OCCUPATIONAL PL \NNING SYSTEM 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



CHEOPS helps users explore educational and occupational alternatives. 
Apple n series, one disk drive, 48K 
High school students and older 
Career Aids 

Educational Media Corp. 

$69.95, includes {wo disks and a manual 

Ufiing Holland's occupational codes, users can generate career alterr itives specific to their 
interests. CHEOPS refers to sources of infOTmation on occupations gei erated in the program 
and allows the user to locate information from four popular educational references on 120 
college majors. Through "File Pharoah," counselors can tailor the program to their own 
libraries of educational and career information. D?ta can be updated or modified by the 
counselor, eliminating the need to purchase annual revision^. A data bank of 456 occupational 
titles and 120 college majors is included. (This description pertaim to the version developed 
in 1985.) 



88 



93 



Systems 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUmANCE 



DISCOVER FOR COLLEGES AND ADULTS 



Summary: 
Hardws^re: 

Intended Users: 
Contact(s); 

CosI: 

Descrirtion: 



DISCOVER comlines career guidance and search strategies to provide the user self 
knowledge and to link that knowledge with occupational and educational information. 

ffiM PC, XT, AT or PS/2 Model 30 and compatibles with 256X, 10MB hard disk, color 
gr2q[)hics card and color monitor, DOS 3.1 (or higher); similar software available for Apple U 
andTRS-gO Model n, 12 and 16 

Post-seccndary students md adults in career transition 

American College Testing Program 
EUREKA 

License fee of $1750 each year for the first software copy. Fees decrease with additional copies 
on the same contract. Includes software, professional manual, user guide, poster 

There are nine modules in this career planning system. In additicm to the guidance approach, all 
major files are directly ac-cessible. "Beginning the Career Journey" helps users understand 
where they are hi the planning process and identify the parts of DISCOVER that are most 
appropriate for ihem to use. "Learning About the World-of-Work" helps users understand 
ACTS conceptual model for organizing occupations and relating personal attributes to job 
families. "Learning About YburselT helps users increase their self-awareness through on-line 
or psqper-and-pencil assessments of interests, abilities, values and experiences. "Finding Jobs" 
helps users identify occupations that match their personal attributes. "Learning About Jobs" 
provides access to detailed inf(Hniation about any of 450 occupations, and helps users focus on 
a few of greatest interest. Local information can be added to the files. "Making Educational 
Choices" helps users select a general path of training and major or program of study. "Planning 
Your Next Step" provides access to detailed files of training and education available through 
4300 vocational/technical schools, 1400 2-year colleges, 1700 4-year colleges, 1200 graduate 
schools, 100 extenuU degree programs, and 200 military programs and helps users develq) job- 
seeking skills. "Planning Your Career" helps users identify the life/career roles in which they 
are currently involved and plan changes in those roles. "Making Transitions" he^ps users deal 
with the potentially negative impact of changes in their life/career roles. The last two modules 
and selected files of DISCOVER FOR COLLEGES AND ADULTS can be made inaccessible 
at the local site. (Tfus description pertains to the version developed in August, 1987.) 

Note: See Section HI for a review of this pro^T'am. 



DISCOVER FOR HIGH SCHOOL/ 

Summaiy: DISCOVER combines career guidance and search strategies to provide tlic nser self- 
knowledge and to link that knowledge to occupational and educational information. 

Hardware: IBM PC, XT, AT or PS/2 Model 30 and compatibles with 2S6X, 10MB hard disk, color 
graphics card and color monitor, DOS 3.1 (or higher); similar software availat for Apple n 
and TRS-80 Model H, 12 and 16 

Intended Users: Secondary schools 

Contact(s) : American College Testing Program 
EUREKA 

Cost: Lease fee of $1750 each year for the first software copy. Fees decrease with additional copies 

on the same contract. Includes software, professional manual, user guide, poster 



^ Software foi Career Counseling 

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89 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Systems 



Description: In DISCOVER FOR HIGH SCHOOLS, the user can choose the guidance approach or access 
major files directly. There are seven modules in this system. "Beginning the Career Journey" 
helps users understand where they are in the planning process and identify the parts or 
DISCOVER that are most appropriate for them to use. "Learning About the World-of-Woilc" 
helps users understand ACT'u conceptual model for organizing occupations and relating 
personal attributes to job .^amilies. "Learning About Yoorself * helps users increase their self- 
awarene«;s through on-line or paper-and-pencil assessments of interests, abilities, values and 
experiences. "Finding Jobs" helps users identify occupations that match their personal 
attributes. "Learning About Jobs'* provides access to detailed information about any of 450 
occupations, and helps users focus on a few of neatest int'^rest. Local information can be 
added to the files at the user site. "Making Educational Choices** helps users select a general 
path of iL'-aining and major or program of study. **Planning Your Next Step** provides access to 
detailed fi!es of training and education available through 4300 vocational/technical schools, 
1400 2-year colleges, 1700 4-year colleges, 1200 graduate schools, 100 external degree 
programs, ai\d 200 military programs and helps users develop job-seeking skills. (This 
description pertains to the version developed in August, 1987.) 

Note: See Section III for a review of this program. 



DISCOVER FOR JUNIOR HIGH AND MIDDLE SCHOOLS 

Summary: DISCOVER is designed to help 6th through 9th graders with career exploration and high 
school planning. Localization permits creation of an academic plan to reach post-high school 
objectives. 

Apple n series, 128K RAM, two disk drives, printer recommended; a "Grappler" card is 
required to print output other than high school program of sVidy 

Grades 6 through 9 

American College Testing Program 
EUREKA 

Cost: $32S (flrst year) includes diskettes, user manual, student worksheet (can be duplicated); IcHig- 

term and multi-copy rates available 

Description: DISCOVER FOR JUNIOR fflGH AND MIDDLE SCHOOLS contains three major content 
sections plus a brief entry/exit module. The entry module provides user instructions, 
establishes user records, and introduces the career exploration process. 

Part 1 teaches a method of cvganizing occupations according to "World-of-Work" map and uses 
"Moxey the Mouse" maze game to reinforce learning. Part 2 helps students understand how 
specific abilities relate to success in various occupational groups. A variety of ability and 
achievement test scores can be entered, along with self-ratings in IS important career-related 
areas. These are compared with abilities considered important to career success in each occu- 
pation cluster. Lists of occupations by educational level can also be prepared for each cluster. 

Part 3 includes academic plaiming to meet high school graduation requirements and to prepare 
for post-high school education or occupations. General files provided in DISCOVER can be 
replaced with localized files containing course offerings and graduation requirements specific 
to the high school students will attend. Students can build a four year plan based on required, 
recommended, and elective courses, occupational cluster of interest, or college admissions 
requirements. Before exiting, students can store records and answer questions for later 
summary by staff to evaluate Use of DISCOVER. (This description pertains to the version 
developed in 1987.) 



Hardware: 

Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 



Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



Systems 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



GIS: GUIDANCE INFORMATION SYSTEM (MICRO ENHANCED) 

Summary: GIS provides career information covering occupations, educational opportunities and flnancial 
aid. 

Apple m, S MB ProFile Hard Disk; Apple lie, a S MB ProFile Hard Disk, extended 80-column 
card; IBM PC XT, PS/2, 128K memory, DOS 2.0; IBM PC, 10 MB expansion unit. (Note: GIS 
on IBM pers(Hial computers does have color graphics if used with IBM color monitor, but can 
also be used with monochrome monitor.) Digital Rainbow 100+, 128K, MX-DOS 2.0S; also 
availaUe on several mainframes and minicomputers 

High schools, two-year and four-year colleges, libraries, adult education centers, vocational 
rehabilitation centers, correcticmal institutions 

Educational Software Division, Houghton Mifflin Company 

$2,349.00 for single site annual license; multiple site discounts available: for GIS on Apple lie, 
m, and IBM PC, XT: 1-3 Sites— ^1.950.00 ner site per year, 4-5 sites--$l, 703.00 per site per 
year, etc. 

Users of the GUIDANCE INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) can, by typing a simple set of 
inf fructions, immediately focus 1 1 infc^mation that fits their particular needs and interests, and 
match goals and expectations with the educational, occupational, and financial options 
available. GIS lets users compare the results of choices and decisions they have made with the 
results of other choices they have made. Interest inventory scores taken off-line (OVIS-SDS, 
sen, Job-0, etc.) can be entered and GIS will suggest references in the occupation file to 
explore. 

Each file includes facts on hundreds of occupations, such as job duties, salary ranges, 
employment potential, related jobs, educational requirements, etc. GIS describes nearly 5,000 
twO' and four-year colleges and graduate/professional institutions with regard to tuition 
information, admissions and residence policies, athletic programs and special services. 
"Financial Aid** details possibilities from sources such as the federal government, foundations, 
businesses, the military, trade and labor organizations, and religious and charitable groups. A 
"California Occupations" file is available. New enhancements include an on-line interest 
inventory. 

GIS: Micro CDM is a new alternate version of GIS with the above features Plus the 
Harringt(Hi-0'Shea Career DecisicHi-Making System. CDM administers (Hi-line surveys of 
occupational and subject prefereiK:es, abilities, interests, job values, and futur^^. goals. Afte'' 
finishing CDM, the user sees clusters of appropriate occupations derived from hi^/her answers. 
283 occupations are arranged in 18 career clusters. (This program is updated twice each 
academic year,) 

Note: See Section in for a review of this program. 



MICRO CAREER DECISION MAKING SYSTEM 

Summary: Students and other individuals can evaluate their interests, abilities, preferences, future 
educational plans and job values hs a basis for exploring career options. 

Hardware: Apple II+, IIc, He; TRS-80 Models m, IV; printer optional 

Intended Users: High school students, junior college and college students, military personnel persons interested 
in new careers, those re-eniering the job market 



Q Software /(x- Career Counseling 

ERIC 



Hardware: 



Intended Users: 



Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Systems 



Contacl(s) : American Guidance Service 

Cost: $165.00, includes a program diskette, 2 data diskettes allowing SO adn-unistrations, and SO 

interpretive folders 

Description: MICRO CAREER DECISION MAKING SYSTEM by Harrington-O'Shea lets the user 
evaluate his or her interests, abilities, subject preferences, occupational preferences, future 
educational plans, and job values and suggests job groups for exploring career options. The 
student may select from Ihree report options: a brief Summary Profile, an Interpretive Report 
that adds more information such as LaJor Department forecasts to 199S; or a Comprehensive 
Interpretive Report that includes the first two reports £ veil as even more information. It can 
be administered in 30 minutes. It is referenced to tht Juide for Occupational Exploration 
(1984 Edition) and the Dictionary of Occupational Titles, (This description pertains to the 
version developed in 1985,) 

Note: See "Career Decision Making System," Section m, for a review of this program. 



MiCRO-EUREKA/CIS 



Summary: 



Hardware: 



Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 



Description: 



This comprehensive career information system contains a brief self-assessment module and 
detailed information about schools, occupati(xis, industries, fM-ograms of study, and financial 
aid. In California this program is called EUREKA. For sites outside of California, conuct the 
National Career Information System. 

Varies; contact CIS or EUREKA for details. 

The Partially Computerized Version uses an AR)le (IBM PC in some locations) and hard copy 
data files (books or microfiche). 

The Fully Computerized Version uses an Apple with a CORVUS hard disk; IBM (or 
compatibles) with a hard disk drive. 

High school smdents through adults 

CIS (outside of California) 
EUREKA (in Califwnia) 

Variable depending on number of users and location; in California entire package costs 
between $SS0.00-$ 1100.00 per year for partially computerized version and $69S.00 to 
$187S.OO per year for fully computerized version plus a computer software development/ 
materials fee 

Micro-EUREKA contains all of the information currently contained in EUREKA, the 
Caiiiornia Career Information System. (A stand-alone product called National School 
Information File can be provided through MICRO-SCHOOL SORT can be leased at $1S0.00 
per year.) 

Micro^EUREKA includes: 

• explanations of the duties, salary, outlook, training requirements, and much more for a 
comprehensive set of occupations which are found in California. This information is 
further localized to specific regions within the state. 

• descriptions of the major industries in California, their hiring procedures, working 
conditions, and compensation practices. 

• detailed descriptions of positions available in the military and descriptions of each branch 
of the service. 



Systems 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUmANCE 



• information on selected schools located outside of California. New schools will be added 
to this file annually. 

• "Finaid'': A file containing detailed information on flnancial aid availability in California 
and nationally; includes state, national, and local scholarship information. 

• *7ob Search": A file containing information on job search techniques, resume design, 
sample letters of introduction, detailed information on job interviewing and networking, 
and a section on ways to stay employed, once employed. 

• *'Quest": A brief questionnaire matches clients to occupations based on personality, 
abilities, and job preference s. Because it is interactive allowing clit^nts to change their 
answers and observe how tt eir preferences and abilities affect the options available to 
them, QUEST can be a powerful teaching device. 

EUREKA (and CIS) update their information annually and automatically replace both the 
Micro-QUEST program and the data files on microfiche or disks each year. Subscribers also 
become members of EUREKA and are entitled to user handbooks and filmstrips, counselor 
materials, inservice training, and regional and state conferences. 

Micro-CIS is available for New Yoric City and for these states: Alaska, California, Colorado, 
Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Minrescta, Montana, Nebraska, Oregon and Wyoming. It is 
similar to Micro-EUREKA and contains both national and local information. 

(CIS, developed in 1969, is updated annually. EUREKA, developed in 1976, is updated 
annually. Financial Aid file is updated twice a year,) 



MiCROVIEW 



Summary: MicroVIEW (Vital Information for Education and Work) is a computer access system to the 
VIEW microfiche set of information on California occupations. 

Hardware: Apple n+, nc, lie, disk drive 

Intended Users: Middle school, high school, and community college students 
Contact(s): CA^EG Publications, Santa Clara County Office of Education 

Cost: $150.00 per set of two computer diskettes; $150.00 per set of microfiche; $25.00 for an easel 

binder, file folder, and inserts for holding microfiche 

Description: MicroVIEW is an interest assessment and an access system to the microfiche set that helps 
students explore careers for which they are best suited. In MicroVIEW, students select answers 
from multiple-choice questions regarding their interests and aptitudes, educaticxi level desired, 
temperament, working hours and conditions, salary needs, physical demands and other factors. 
The computer sifts through the 450 occupation^ and provides a list of matching careers with 
encouragement to fmd more information in the microfiche. 

MicroVIEW microfiche include 450 occupatic»is with local infw^rmation from seven regions 
throughout the state of California; regional occupation centers,'programs with their courses; 111 
California community colleges; four-year colleges and universities in California and 52 
selected out-of f.tate colleges; fmancial aid information; a military profile and 200 military 
occupations (enlisted and officer) with their civilian job equivalencies. (This description 
pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 



Software for Career Counseliiig 



93 



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Systems 



SIGI: SYSTEM OF INTERACTIVE GUIDANCE AND INFORMATION 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



SIGI is an individualized career guidance program thai leaches a process of career planning 
and decision-making while providing up-do-dale career information. 

TRS-80 Models n. 12, 16. 64K; IBM PC. XT; iv/o disk drives, printer 

High school and college students and adulcs; also a valuable resource for career and guidance 
counselors and academic advisors 

ETS 

$1200.00 annual license fee and $600.00 for each additional unit 

The SYSTEM OF INTERACTIVE GUIDANCE AND INFORMATION (SIGI) employs the 
computer to guide its users through a logical process of identifying their values, examining 
occupations, planning educational or training programs, and learning to make informed career 
decisions. Through interacdve dialogue and simulated career situations, the user considers 
possible career outccHnes or alternatives and develops strategies to piu'sue various coiu'ses of 
action. SIGI users in two- and four-year colleges and many libraries obtain current national 
information on occupational fields which match their values specifications. 



SIGI PLUS 



Summary: 

Hardware: 

Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



SIGI PLUS is a guidance and information system representing a significant expansion of its 
predecessor. SIGL 

IBM PC. XT. AT. hard disk; Tandy 1200 HD; and fully IBM compaUble microcomputers with 
hard disks; TRS-80 Models n. 12. 16. 128K. hard disk (also runs on VAX mainframes). 

High school and college students and adults; anyone interested in exploring careers 
ETS 

Microcomputer version: 1-yr. license. $1.375.00/yr.; 2-yr. license. $1.225.00/yr,; 3-yr. license. 
$1.075.00/yr.; each additional unit. $695.00 

SIGI PLUS has eight sections covering important aspects of career decision-making. Users can 
assess their work-related values, interests, and skills; use these features to cieate a personalized 
list of possible occupations; obtain up-to-date information about occupations; examine the 
skills needed for occupations; see the education or training required for occupations; get help 
with practical problems related to preparing for (x holding a job; weigh the pros and cons of 
career choices; and develop an action plan for moving toward their career goal. 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



er|c 



94 



^3 



Assessment 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUmANCE 



BRIDGING THE CAREER GAP 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This interactive program features erercises on values clarification, skills assessment, individual 
development plans and evaluation of results. 

IBM PC and compatibles with color graphics board, two disk drives or hard disk, printer 
High schools, colleges, and business and industry; also useful for self-directed learning 
ilie Learning Center 

$245.00, ($SC.OO discount to educational institutions) includes 2 disks; $14.95, skills 
assessment module alone; demonstration disk available at no charge 

Computer graphics enhance the tasks and exercises presented to help the user identify 
transferable skills, values, and learning plans. Some exercises call for hands-on activities away 
from the computer. Results can be printed. In the skills mo(*ule, the user evaluates 76 skills in 
nine clusters. Ranked results are displayed in a bar graph. Assessments can be made at three 
points with skill progress displayed in color. 



CAREER CHOICE 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



CAREER CHOICE is an interest inventory and information counseling program. It can be used 
in conjunction with an English or Spanish/English mobile film library containing over 3^0 
career films and cassettes. 

All Apple nuxkls; Atari 800, 810, 48K; Franklin Ace 1000, 1200 
High school students 
Hoffman Educational System 

$495.00 for six disks; $7,235.00 for software and career films center ($9,715.00, bilingual 
version) 

CAREER CHOICE uses a self-scoring 90-nuestion interest inventory. It ranks career clusters 
according to student interest, identifies specific careers within clusters, and gives job 
descriptions of selected careers. It provides printouts of clusters, careers, and job descriptions; 
lists recommended high school courses; and gives sources for additional career information. 
Local information on schools or jobs can be entered. The program will work independently or 
with the career films center. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1985,) 



CAREER COUNSEi^OR 

Summary: By analyzing their likes and dislikes, CAREER COUNSELOR helps users learn how to choose 
a satisfying career. 

Hardware: Apple n series, 64K 

Intended Users: High school students 

Contact(s): Career Aids 

Intellectual Software 

Cost: $59.95, includes one disk, documentation, and career dictionary 

i*H 

^ Software for Career Counseling 95 

ERIC 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Assessment 



Description: Studenis answer questions about their interests, abilities, nature of work, and other goals. The 
program then generates a list of careers to satisfy these preferences. A career dictionary is 
included for reference to the 501 careers listed on the disk. (This description pertains to the 
version developed in 1985.) 

Note: See Section HI for a review of this program. 



CAREER DIRECTIONS 



Summary: 



Hardware: 

Intended Users: 
Contac)L(s): 



Cost: 

Description: 



CAPEER DIRECTIONS provides self and occupational exploratory activities which: 1) 
develop a profile of career interests and abilities. 2) delineate what specific occupations relate 
to the profile, and 3) involve the users in developing specific plans to enter the occupation of 
their choice. 

Apple n series, 48K. Applesoft in ROM, one or two disk drives, printer optional; TRS-80 
Models m. IV; IBM PC. PCjr., 128K 

Grades 9-12 and adults 

Cambridge Career Products 
The Conover Company 
EISI 

Jefferson Software (developer) 

JIST Works. Inc. 

K-12 Micro Media 

Opportunities for Learning (no IBM) 

SVE 

$89.00 - $1 19.00 for two diskettes and manual 
The Career Directions system allows the user to: 

1. fmd out what his/her career interests are 

2. systematically determine what jobs relate to those career interests and abilities 

3. investigate the characteristics and requirements of specific occupations 

^ . develop an orderly plan to enter or prepare to enter the occupation of his/her choice 

This computerized system provides maximum career Manning flexibility in an easy-to-use, 
menu-driven software package that requires no knowledge of computer programming. Over 
460 specific occupations are described that correspond to U.S. Department of Labor 
publications. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 

Note: See Section HI for a review of this prorgram. 



CAREER FINDER 

Summary: CARFER FINDER identifies appropriate occupations and compares them to the needs of the 
client. 

Hardware: Apple n, 64K; ffiM cwnpatibles, 1 28K, one double-sided disk drive 
Intended Users: Junior high school students through adult; easy reading 



96 

er|c lOi 



Assessmera 



SELF- ASSESSMENT AND GUmANCE 



Contact(s): Career Aids, Inc. 
QASA 

EUREKA (in California) 

Wintergreen Software (outside California) 

Cost: $189.(X), includes disk, manual, worksheet materials; $379.00, includes hard disk version; 

$287.00, includes set of CAREER FINDER and batch file disk 

Description: The user answers eighteen questions for self-assessment leading to occupational group scores 
which can be explored. Scores give 20 occupations which best match the client's skills/interests 
and shows how an occupation fits the client's answers. It provides summaries of salaries, 
outlooks, and references to Department of Labor publications. About 4(X) major occupations 
are included, with the latest outlooks and salaries. Printouts are possible. Batch processing 
enhancement is available allowing processing of SO clients at a lime. (This description 
pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 

Note: See Section III for a review of this program. 



CAREER FOCUS 



Summary: CAREER FOCUS helps the user choose an occupation by assessing his/her interests, needs, 
and preferences. 

Hardware: Apple 11; IBM PC, XT and compatibles; two disk drives, printer 
Intended Users: High school students 
Contact(s): Random House 

Cost: $279.95, includes counselor's guide, disks, 35 student assessment surveys, 35 personal 

summary folders, 40 scan sheets; refill packets, $79.95 

Description: Students answer assessment questions on paper, answers are entered in the computer and are 
analyzed on an "importance to me" scale. Then the program prints occupations that best satisfy 
the activities, work needs and interests profiles. Using the top five preferences, the program 
narrows the occupations to three "matches ' and prints short descriptions and information on 
how users can obtain helpful experience. Each "student records" disk stores up to 35 student 
records. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1986,) 



CAREER INTEREST PROGRAM 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



Students use this program to ascess their interests and receive a p'intout of related occupations. 
Apple n; TRS-SO Models m, IV; Commodore 64, 8032; IBM PC and compatibles 
Intermediate and secondary level students 
Occupational Awareness 

$115.00, includes main and backup diskettes, 100 student worksheets, 30 student handbooks, 
binder; updating, $34.50 a year; "Occu-File" cards, $159.00 (not included with package 
program) 

Users complete an interest profile worksheet about education level, work type, and activities. 
After these answers are entered into the computer, the program scans a database of over 300 



Q Software for Career Counseling 

ERIC 



97 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Assessment 



occupations and shows (or prints) a list of potential occupations, current salaries, number 
employed, and DOT codes. It also provides a graph of school subjects to study related to llie 
chosen field. All occupations match those on "Occu-File" cards which give in-depth 
descriptions. (This program is updated annually.) 



CAREER ORIENTATION AND DEVELOPING YOUR 
INITIAL SCHOOL CAREER PLAN 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program teaches the basics of the work world and allows students to assess their interests, 
plan iheir school coursework, and examine career possibilities. 

Apple He, DOS 3.3; printer desirable 

Grades 8, 9, and 10; community colleges, continuation schools, adult schools, vocational 
schools 

J. B. Clydef Associates 

$142.00, includes six disks; additional copies at $100.00 each 
The linked computer programs provide students: 

1. a career orientation to the 15 career occupational clusters established by the United States 
Department of Labor, including the interests required, job demand, salaries, and number of 
woiicers; 

2. a sel iCtion process to develop an initial school plan for grades 9- 1 2; 

3. an understanding of the principles of work for career planning and future employment; 

4. the preparation required for effective counseling interviews that, when combined with 
graduation requirements and test interpretations, provides the counseling plan mandated in 
California Senate Bill 813 (California); and 

5. computer programs that ccwrectly promote career planning, while supporting the concept 
of coordinating high school and post-secondary training to ensure future employment for 
college-bound as well as non-college-bound students. 



CAREER SEARCH 1, 2, 3, 4, AND 5 



Summary: This software enables a teaming- or physically-handicapped student to match his/lier interests 
and abilities to possible careers. 

Hf 'are: Apple H; TRS-80 Models m, IV 

Int ided Users: Special educaticm and h^Jidicapped students 



Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Oescription: 



Occupational Awareness 

CS-1, $98.:)U; CS-2, -3, -4, and -5, $150.00 each; includes main and backup disks, 20 
handbooks, 100 worksheets and vinyl binder 

Handbooks and worksheets allow students to progress at their own pace, step-by-step through 
the computer part of the career planning program. CAREER SEARCH 5 (Learnmg 
Handicapped) can be used with "Occu-Files" of specially chosen occupations for the learning 



103 



Assessment 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUmANCE 



handicapped (LH). The "A" file contains 194 areas of employment for average LH students. 
The "B" file is for lower ability junior high and high school LH students. It provides 
information on 134 occupations. File "A" costs $157.95 ($236.65 with Career Search 5) and 
File "B" is $142.95 ($223.15 with the software). Auditory loss would be acceptable for 
employment in 1(X) occupations in the Hearing Impaired Packet which can supplement Career 
Search 3 ($98.00 alone, or $183.60 for both). There are also packets designed to accompany 
CS-1 for the Educationally Retarded, CS-2 for the Orthopedically Handicapped, and CS-4 for 
the Visually Handicapped, costing from $49.00 to $86.00. 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



CAREER SELECTION 

Summary: In this program, students choose from 19 job characteristics and receive a printout of potential 
careers which match their interests. 

Hardware: Apple H; iTlS-80 Models HI, IV; Commodore 64, 8032; IBM PC 

Intended Users : Intermediate and secondary students 

Contact(s) : Occupational Awareness 

Cost: $98.00, includes disk, instructions, and 100 worksheets 

Description: This program includes a database of over 4(X) occupations. For each occupation there are work 
characteristics, D.O.T. and group codes, and education requirements. Characterisucs relate to 
educational requirements, problem solving, using tools/machines, instructing others, repetitious 
work, hazardous conditions outdoors and indoors, physical stamina, confined work areas, 
desire for precision, working with detail, requiring public comact, may be part-time, seeing 
results, using creativity, iiAfluencing others, competitive work, part of a team, work location, 
and using initiative. Each characteristic has four possible levels of response. 



CAREER SURVEYS 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



Students go through four different career questionnaires to assess interests, plans, life roles, and 
values. 

Apple n series, 48K, one disk drive; printer optional 

Junior and senior high school students 

Career Aids, Inc. 
The Conover Company 

$49.95, includes one disk, backup, and user manual 

There are four questionnaires on this disk. Information can be reviewed on the monitor or sent 
to a printer. 

Survey I: "Student Interest Survey"— a series of statements giving the client a choice of two 
unlike situations. After completion, the client's responses are categorized according to six basic 
characteristics which relate to the Holland Scales. A graph of responses is given plus some 
suggested careers which relate to those characieristics rated highly by the client. 



Software for Career Counseling 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Assessment 



Survey 11: "Future Plans Survey"— a two-part program dealing with how far the student plans 
to go in school and with future career plans. In the second pan, eighteen career areas are listed 
alOTg with a brief description of each. After reading the descriptions and responding to 
questions, the student can obtain a listing of jobs in those career areas in which he/she 
expressed interest. 

Survey III: "What Do I Value"— three questions which query the client on the things, people 
and ideas which are valued. 

Survey IV: "My Roles in Life"— a program explaining the roles the student now plays, what 
roles he wants to play in the future, and what others expect. 



CHIPS: COMPUTERIZED HELP FOR INDIVIDUAL 
PLANNING FOR SUCCESS 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program is an interactive, integrated, and comprehensive career and life guidance system 
that provides assessment and information components which address adaptive, fuiKtionai, and 
technical skills. 

Apple n; IBM PC 

High school smdents, college students, and adult learners 
PsychoGrs^hics Corp. 

$1000.00 per year; includes access to paper assessment and mass scoring 

CHIPS addresses the three prime skill areas of " I Am," "I Can," and "I Know" as they relate to 
four primary "Workstyles." Local, national, and future job descriptions can be compared by 
"Workstyle" for compatibility. A national data file in excess of 500 occupations is included. 
(This description pertains to the version developed in 1980.) 



THE CHOICE IS YOURS! 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



Students can use this program to explore job fields, with or without an interest assessment. 
Apple n, 64K 
Grades 5 through 9 
Sunburst 

$149.00, includes three disks, backups, teacher*s guide 

Students can lake an interest assessment and have the f mputer select appropriate jobs for 
them or they can search the job files on their own to explore job oppi>rtuniiies, pay, necessary 
education, and more. Job files can be added, updated, or deleted to keep the information 
current. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1987.) 



ERIC 



100 



Assessment 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUmANCE 



COMPUTER ASSISTED CAREER SELECTION 

Summary: This program matches job characteristics to occupations and personality traits to assist in 
career plamiing. 

Hardware: Apple U; TRS-80 Model m 

Intended Users: Grades nine to adult 

Contact(s): Career Aids 
EISI 

Cost: $98.00, includes disk, manual, and 100 student worksheets 

Description: Students choose what they desire from 19 job characteristics. The program has a database ol* 
more than 400 occupations and is linked to D.O.T. and group codes for further research. 



E-WOW 

Summary: The primary goals of E-WOW are career awareness and career exploration for the younger and 
the immature student. 

Hardware: Apple II+, lie, ne; TRS-80 Models EQ, IV 

Intended Users: Elementary student as low as the 4th grade; special education students at any age; high school 
students and adults can also benefit from its use 

Career Aids, Inc. (Apple, TRS-80 versions) 
CFKR Career Materials, Lie. (Apple version) 

$79.95 - $89.95, includes diskette and user's guide 

The student responds to 36 questions thai are illustrated with graphics to enable easy reading. 
These 36 variables provide a decision-making base for career planning. One of the most 
important features of E-WOW is its simple, yet comprehensive classification of job clusters 
and job titles. E-WOW keys in on six major interest areas, and the 25 key job titles v^thin each 
interest area. Clusters are matched with interei.:3 and 25 job titles appear on the printout that 
are within the clusters. Students are then asked to complete the research on job titles 
mentioned. An added benefit of the program is a bar graph that shows the user bow interests 
matched with the six clusters. Field-testing indicates that E-WOW can have universal 
application as a career guidance tool for: career exploration, career awareness, career 
assessment, and career decision-making. (This description pertains to the version developed in 
1985-1986.) 

Note: See Section HI for a review of this program. 



EXPLORACION DE CARRERAS 

This is a career exploration system in Spanish with over 300 occupations. 
Any Apple H; IBM PC; TRS-80 Models ffl, IV 
Spanish-speaking students 
Cambridge Career Products 



Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 



Scrftwaie for Career Counseling 



101 



SELF-ASSESSMF^r AND GUIDANCE 



Assessment 



Cost: $395.00, includes three diskettes, teacher's manual in both English and Spanish, workbook 

Description: This Spanish language prograin focuses on career investigation in three formats. ''Explore" 
aiiows the clients to match their personal characteristics and preferences in 11 categories to 
find what occupations match. There are 141 ways to describe oneself. Categories cover: 
Interest, Aptitudes, Temperaments, Educational Level, Environmental Conditions, 
Employment Outlook, Wage/Salary, Hours of Work/Travel, Physical Demands, Physical 
Activities, and IndoorA^utdoor ConsideratiCHis. "Specific" gives detailed information on any of 
the 300 occupations listed in the database. "Compare" enables a client to select an occupaticm 
and match it with factors from "Explore" or another occupation. (This description pertains to 
the version developed in 1986.) 



G.O.E. INTEREST SURVEY 

Summary: The computer program in this package will score and report results of a vocational interests 
and awareness sm vey, based m the Guide for Occupational Exploration, 

Hardware: Apple lie. Advanced Logic Systems Z-Engine Card; IBM PC, XT; 80-columri printer 

Intended Users: High school students through adults. Also suitable for rehabilitation, vocational education and 
job training programs 

Contact($): ValPAR International Corp. 

Cost: $425.00, includes 45 35mm slides in a carousel tray, 2 audio cassettes, floppy disk, manual, 

100 soM'e sheets 

Description: This survey can be administered to a group, bach sLde depicts fou. occupations described on 
the audio upe. Students select the occupation that appeals to them the most on each of the 45 
slides. Answers are written on a sheet Another audio Vxpt asks questions abou: the working 
world, such as salaries work settings, and training requirements. These answers are also 
recorded, and later entered into the computer for analysis. The result is z career awareness 
score and a ranking of the 12 Guide for Occupational Exploration career fields from low to 
high levels of interest. Results can integrate with the company's MESA SF2 profile data and 
ValGUIDE program. (Ttus description pertains to the version developed in 1986.) 



HIGH SCHOOL CAREER-COURSE PLANNER 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact($): 
Cost: 

Description: 



HIGH SCHOOL CAREER-COURSE PLANNER is designed to help incoming high school 
students plan a 4-year high school program based on an assessment of career interests. 

Apple H; IBM PC; TRS-80 Models m, IV 

Grades 8 and 9 

CFKR Career Materials, Inc. 

$79.95, includes disk and user's guide; lab pack at 40% discount 

Students respond to nine major variables to assess their interests. The computer matches them 
to 16 occupational groups, each group with a job bank of the 20 most relevant job titles from 



102 



107 



Assessment 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUffiANCE 



(he Occupational OiLiook Handbook and oiJier sources. The printed results include job entry 
information, suggested high school course planning, and a planning form. The student uses tlie 
form and local high school course guides to plan his/her next four years. (This description 
pertains to the version developed in 1987.) 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



HIGH SCHOOL COURSE PLANNER 

Summary: The HIGH SCHOOL COURSE PLANNER helps students identify courses to fit their career 
and education goals and meet graduation requirements. 

Hard>- are: Apple n and other micros with CP/M; IBM and compatibles with MS-DOS; two disk drives, 
printer 

Intended Users: Secondary school stu. .its planning their high school courses of study, counselors, parents 
Cuntact(s) : Career Information System 

Cost: Varies, includes software, inst4illation software with ability to enter local school's courses, user 

materials 

Description : The HIGH SCHOOL COURSE PLANNER helps students identify their career and educational 
goals, and the software helps them plan a four-year course of study. It compares chosen courses 
with graduation and career requirements and identifies courses still needed to graduate. This 
software is compatible with most student record systems and is a complement to the 
EUREKA/CIS career planning components. (This description pertains to the version 
developed in 1985. This program is updated annually.) 



JOB-O 

Summary: JOB-0 is a general interest survey that matches the student's interests with 120 of the most 
popular and traditional jobs. 

Hardware: Apple n+. He; Commodore 64; IBM PC; Franklin Ace 1000; TRS-80 Models m, IV 

Intended Users: Junior high school students through adults with sp^xial needs 

Contact(s) : Cambridge Career Products 
CFKR Career Materials, Inc. 
EISI 

Cost: $89.00 for diskette; lab pack of 5 for $222.50; $ .20 for each answer folder 

Descripdon: JOB-O cuts across all clusters, educational levels and salary ranges and therefore should be 
used aij ? preliminary and general exploration tool. The program is a comprehensive process of 
self-awareness, job exploratira, and matching jobs with personal needs. The answer folders 
contain the job infmnation and matching fcrnnat for making decisions about job clusters and 
job titles that are most i»efen:ed. The reading level and simplicity of language makes JOB-O 
universally acceptable to all ages and cultural groups with no sexual bias. JOB-O has also been 
used satisfactorily with special educatiM students as an assessment instrument to develop 
care<^ objectives for individualized educational planning. 

Note : See Section in for a review of this program. 



^ Software for Career Counseling 

ERIC 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUmANCE 



Assessment 



JOBS IN TODAY'S WORLD 

Summary: This program matches ine interests of the non-college-bound student to characteristics of 100 
occupations. 

Hardware: Apple 11; IBM PC 

Intci^^'d Users: Grade level 9 through adult; rea^-' levei grades 3-4 

ConUict(s): Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids 
EISI 

Photoccnn 

Cost: $62.50 (Career Aids); $68.50 (Cambridge Career Products. EISI); $63.00 (Photocom) 

Description: Students take an interest inventory which is linked to characteristics of occupations. The 
program advises them about the most suitable occupations for t^iem. Students can read a career 
guide for additional information about the jobs, such as, starting salary and employment 
possibilities. 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



LABOR MARKET ACCESS 



Siimmar}: This program has been developed so that a vocational counselor can compare a disabled 
client's pre- and post-accideni access to employment. 

Hardware: IBM PC, 256K, hard disk, printer 

Intended Users: Counselors of individuals involved with personal injury, wrongful death, career decision- 
making; spouses involved in divorce 

Contact(s): E & t Vxational Services 

Cost: $995.00, includes five disks (two are baciaips), manual, and binder 

Description: This cc^nputer pre jn provides a pre-injur>' and post-injury weekly wage; shows the number 
of job title matches for pre-injurv status; and the perscmal percentage loss of employment. It 
can print %s many job titles as de red after doing a search of the Dictionary of Occupational 
rules and the "Census Occupational Arrangement". The latter is available for national, state, 
county, and SMSA geograi^ical areas. (This description pertains to the revised version 
developed in October, 1987,) 



LeisurePREF 

Summary: LeisurePREF surveys interest in leisure activities, evaluates the responses, categorizes them, 
and * uerprets the results for improving leisure or leisure/career guidance and development. 

Hardware: Apple II+, IIc, He, or compatible; Commodore 10; Compaq; DEC Rainbow; Epson; 

Heath/Zenith (no CP/M); IBM PC, AT, XT, or CMipatible; Kaypro; Uading Edge; Tandy 1000 
EX, 1000 SX, 3000 HL, 3000 HD printer with parallel interface necessary; LeisurePREF 
requires 64K of mennory 



ERIC 



Assessment 



SFXF-ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Intended Users: Counselors and leisure/career development professionals, rehabilitation centers, and 
individuals interested in improving iheir use of leisure; may also be used to determine skills 
acquired during leisure that may be applied to work 

Contact(s): Constructive Leisux 

Cost: $45.00, includes program diskette and user guide; guide expands the use of LeisurePREF for 

combined or separate leisure and career guidance 

Description: This is an interactive program which guides the user through a scries of 92 selected leisure 
activities in approximately IS minutes. The user responds to each activity with an interest 
level. At the end, the program evaluates tlie cumulative responses, assigns each activity 
weighted values of interest in each of four major categories, arKl calculates the results. A brief 
interpretation is given of the significance of eaca category. Both the results and the 
interpretations are shown on a line printer for future reference. (This description pertains to 
the version developed in 1985, The Apple version was revised \f arch, 1987,) 

Note: See Secticxi EI for a review of this program. 



LIFE AND CAREER PLANNING: THE FUTURE IS YOiJRS 



Summary: Students learn the importance of deciding what type of lifestyle to strive for and how their 
career goals affect the way they live. 

Hardware: Apple H, He; TOS-80 Models m, IV; BM PC, 64K 

Intended User« High school students 

Contact(s): Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids, Inc. 
Education Associates 

Cost: $64.95 -$79.95 

Description: This program focuses on the difference between skilled and unskilled jobs and the pre- 
requisites of each. Students are then able to decide on career choices that enable them to 
maintain their chosen way of life. Students are encouraged to assess ^iieir current skills and 
abilities to obtain desired results. 



OCCUPATIONAL INTEREST MATCHING 



Summary: 
Hardware: 



Students explore information on a variety of jobs and see the occupaticHis that correspond to 
their preferences. 



Apple n, nc, 48K, DOS 3.3; IBM PC, 64K; TRS-80 Model m, 48K; Commodore 64. 64K; 
disk drive required 

Intended Users: Junior high and high school smdents 

Contiict(s): Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids, Inc. 
Opportunities for Learning 

Cost: $ 199.00, includes one disk with backup and manual 



^ Software for Car^^ Counseling 105 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Assessment 



Description: Students answer a series of 20 questions cmceming their preferences in job characteristics. 

The cooqniter tten c<»npares the students' respcxises with the characteristics of more than 590 
occupations as defined by the Department of Labcx. The titles of those jobs which most closely 
match the students' replies are displayed (xi the c(niq>uter screen. The student can then select a 
particular job from the screen and have the computer [xovide a more detailed description such 
as salary, educational requirements, etc. Occupations can be selected from any of 19 general 
ca^gories. With this program, students will discover what kind of job they may * /ant, and the 
relationship between educational plans and occupational opportunities. 



PACS: PERSONAL ASSESSMENT/CAREER SYSTEM 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



PACS allows individuals to learn about their strengths and weaknesses and how these can be 
used effectively in job situations. It complements career information systems. 

Apple n; IBM PC, XT, AT, and ccwnpatibles 

High school and college students 

Mentor Group 

$295.00, includes four diskettes, user manual 

The PACS package consists of four components. Each may be used as a stand-alone unit. In the 
"Workstyle Assessment" component, users learn about themselves and how to be more 
eiTective in the workplace. "Workstyle" is described by DISC (Dominance, Influencing, 
Steadiness and Ccxnpliance) dimensions. Narrative and grai^c interpretati(His are seen on 
screen and in hard copy. The ''National Inf(vmation" component allow user's workstyle to be 
compared with workstyles usually needed for effective functicMiing in over SOO different 
occupations identified by D.O.T. codes. It ompares individual and job workstyles in graphics. 
A ''Future Careers** component allows users to compare career plans with future trends 
predicted in the book. Megatrends, and to explore occupations that are emerging ot are 
predicted to emerge. A "Resume Preparation** component is included. This package 
complements career information systems, such as SIGI PLUS by providing behavioral 
informati(xi. In addition, it comput^izes behavicM^al assessment, reducing the reliance on paper 
instruments. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1985,) 



PERSONAL CAREER DIRECTIONS (PCD) 

Summary: This is an interactive career counseling package that produces a short list of appropriate 
occupatiCHis. 

Hardware: IBM PC, XT, or cOTq)atibles, 128K 

Intended Users: Students from junior high school through university levels, government agencies, businesses, 
private counseling organizations 

Contacl(s): Software Research Coqxntion 

Cost: $400.00 (plus $250.00 mandatcHy maintenance and support), includes S diskettes (program 

with backup, occupaticms, counselor utilities with backup); Counselor Guide; User Guide; 
Client Informaticxi Outline; listing of 1000 occupations; $250.00 for annual updates and 
enhancements; quantity discounts available 



106 



111 



Assessment 



SELF- ASSESSMENT AND GUmANCE 



Description: PCD enables users to interact with sets of factors, including temperaments, s^timdes. interest. 

I*ysical activities aiid many more, to produce a short list of appropriate occupations from a file 
of 1000. "Quicklist" allows a full profile to be keyed in quickly for a complete session 
si«nmiary and "Scan" enables a fast search for specific items of information. A "History File" 
stores all sessions on disk. Printouts may be made of any screen display. 



PETERSON'S CAREER PLANNING SERVICE 

Summary: PETERSON'S CAREER PLANNING SERVICE is a comprehensive new guidance and 
information package designed to help students and adults identify occupations suited to their 
alilities and personalities in order to begin career planning and to make career decisions. 

Hardware: Apple Uc, He, 64K, 80-colurm disi^ay; IBM PC, 128K 

Intended Users: Secondary school students, college students, and adults 

Contact(s): Cambridge Career Products (Apple) 

Peterson's Guides, Inc. (Apple and IBM) 

Cost: $24S.(X), less 10% for non-profit organizations, includes program diskettes, student data 

diskette, counselor/student manual, and 20 student woiicbooks 

Description: PETERSON'S CAREER PLANNING SERVICE helps users assess their persopalities and 
provides them with a personalized list of career possibilities. The program consists: of seven 
modules that may be used in any ord^: 

• interactive exercises ^o help users assess their personalities 

• a perscmality style chart that interprets the personality assessment exercises 
« a list of careeb that match the user's personality style 

• instructions for developing occupational profiles and conducting information interviews 

• rating to match the user's personal assessment and occupations on the "Career 
Possibilities" list 

• strategies for achieving career goals 

• a listing of college majors related to the user's career goals (linked to Peterson's College 
Selection Service) 

(This description pertains to tk version developed in Octobjr, 1986.) 



PIC— PICTORIAL INVENTORY OF CAREERS 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 



This vocational interest assessment program uses filmstrip pictures instead of written matter 
and aimed at vocational technical careers. 

Apple; TRS-80; IBM; printer 

Version 1 : Regular vocational smdents 

Version 2: Low-functioning vocational smdents (disadvantaged, emotionally, physically and 
academically handicapped) 



^ Software for Career Counseling 



V2 



107 



SELF ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Assessment 



Contact(s) : Talent Assessment, Inc. 

Cost: $495.00 (filmstrip/cassette fcHmat), $695.00 (video cassette format); includes programs at both 

levels, 100 response forms for each manual, complete scoring package, carrying case 

Description: This program is suitable as an alternative or supplement to the usual assessment instruments. It 
uses 35nun fllmstrips or video cassettes, instead of written words and emphasizes feelings 
more than verbal processes. PIC contains 119 scenes of actual work settings, which 
participants rank from "strongly like"* to "strongly dislike." There are 11 categories of 
environmental preferences and 17 career areas. Sconng is done by computer which provides a 
printout, or by hand. T^t results can pinpoint strong interests and dislikes and areas of little or 
no work knowledge. Further career awareness activities may be indicated. This assessment 
fcxces clients to think and forces cognitive and affective career choices. It takes less than 20 
minutes, and can be used individually or in group. Results anrelate to D.O.T., G.O.E. and 
training courses. It has bven screened for sex fairness and avoidance of role stereotyping. 
(This description pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 



SELF EXPLORATION SERIES 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



These three individual programs help students develop an information base for important 
decisions (WHO AM I), become aware of career potential and development (CAREER 
EXPLORATION), and assess ability to study effectively (STUDY SKILLS). 

Apple n series, 48K, DOS 3.3, one disk drive required; TRS-80 Models m, IV 

Junior high and high school students 

Career Aids, Inc. 
Careers, Inc. 

Opportunities for Learning, Inc. (Apple only) 

$39.95 per program, inr'iides 2 diskeues and documentadcn; $ 1 07.85 for set of three 

WHO AM I? helps students create an adequate base for making significant decisions. This 
interactive system mcludes four inventories that students can use to learn more about 
themselves: 

• Money Values Inventory — students assess their use of money in five areas: love, power, 
securi^, status, and autonomy. 

• Parent Relationship Scale — helps students examine their self-concepts across five areas: 
general self-image, thinking, body image, social relationships, and school. 

• Stress Management — helps students understand stress in their lives. 

• File Manager — allows the counselor to review one student's respCHises, fmd the average 
score for all students or for males and females separately, etc. 

CAREER EXPLORATION has as its primary focus to help students become aware of their 
vocational potential and understand the elements of career development. 

• Occupational Values Questionnaire— asks students to assess their values in terms of 
securi^, status, recognition, fmancial reward, self-expression, and personal relationships. 

• Occupational Orientation Matrix — helps students differentiate between task- and people- 
oriented functions. 



O 108 

ERLC 



113 



Assessment 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



• Career Planning Questicmnaire — erihances the student's knowledge about career planning 
and career decision making. Data from the Occupational Outlook Handbook is presented 
to increase student knowledge. 

• Intemal-Extcmal Occupational Orientation Sitrvey-^elps students assess their preferences 
for working alone, with others, or in situations that offer both possibilities. 

• File Manager— allows the counselor to review students* scores and collect data which can 
be used to assess needs and develop counseling and guidance interventions. 

STUDY SKILLS assists students to assess theii adiHties to study effectively using these four 
inventories: 

• What is Your Attitude Quotient? — based on the belief that individuals use a number of 
thought processes to solve imblems. It categorizes student thinking processes into one of 
four thinking styles - intuitive, pragmatic, abstraa, or corcii^u:. 

• How Do You Study? — uses 35 items to assess student studying effectiveness across seven 
key areas. 

• How Do You Learn? — classifies students into one or more primary styles and discusses the 
implicaticMis of each. 

• File Manager— allows the counselor who knows the password to review scwes and collect 
data to assess needs. 



SETTING CAREER GOALS THE MICRO WAY 



Summary: In this program, people who have already identified their career interests can develop career 
goals and a career plan. 

Hardware: Apple 11; IBM PC. 64K; TRS-80 Models m. IV; one disk drive, printer recommended 

Intended Users: Junior high and high school students, college students, and adults 

Contact(s): Career Aids. Inc. 

Career DevelOfmient S(tftware 
Jefferson Software 

Cost: $59.00 - $79.00, includes one disk and manual 

Description: The menu consists of the following programs: 

• "What Is a Goal?" 

• "Why Set Goals?" 

• "Implementing Goals" 

• "Plan Making Concepts" 

• "Individual Career Plans" 

• '^areer Plan Printer" 

• "Reset the Career Plan File" 

• "Goal and Task Oriented Behavior" 



Q ''oftware for Career Counseling 

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SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Assessment 



The student can complete the program w^th an actual career plan which can be stored on the 
disk for later retrieval. The progr m is highly interactive with actual case studies. The user 
learns the difference between a goal-oriented career plan and a task-oriented career plan. When 
finished, (he client will have a major career goal» three objectives lO reach that career goal» 
people who can help hin)/her» the skills needed* the cost in terms of time and money* and major 
risks involved. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 



SIX-FACTOR AUTOMATED VOCATIONAL ASSESSMENT (SAVAS) 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s); 
Cost: 

Description: 



SAVAS matches students with interest patterns for occupations. 

Apple n series; IBM PC 

High school students throu^ adults 

Southern Micro Systems 

$19S.00» includes manual and me disk 

SAVAS is a guidance program. It matches client (x student interest patterns with information 
about occupaticxis listed in the Occupational Outlook Handbook, SAVAS can be used by 
counselors and clients. It provides job outlook informatim into the 1990*s. (This description 
pertains to the version developed in 1986,) 



Super VIEW 

Summary: SuperVIEW is a simplified computerized assessment of skills and interests that provides access 
to a microfiche set of career information written at the 3rd-4th grade reading level 

Hardware: Apple n series* oot disk drive 

Intended Users: Learning disabled handict^^ middle school, high school* and community college students 

Contact(s): CA^G Publications, Santa Clara County Office of Educatiwi 

Cost: $ 1 50.00, ORG diskette; $75.00, SuperVIEW microfiche; $200.00, complete package 

Description: SuperVIEW is a conqniter access system to a microfiche set that helps students explore careers 
for which tb^.y are best suited according to their interests and aptitudes. SuperVIEW 
microfiche inciude 159 occupations at a 3rd-4th grade reading level and microfiche describing 
200 military occupations with their civilian job equivalencies. In the computer program 
students respond to multiple-choice questions about their likes, limitations, and abilities. The 
computer then sorts through its occupational file for best matches. Students can read more 
about the suggested occupaticMis from the microfiche. (This description pertains to the version 
develc^ed in 1985,) 



110 



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Assessment 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



TAP: TALENT ASSESSMENT PROGRAM 

Summary: This program uses the computer to measure the functional aptitudes of a client and link them to 
su^ested types of work. 

Hardware: Apple; IBM; TRS-80 Models m. IV 

Intended Users: Handicapped or non>handicapped adults; reading not required 

Contact(s): Talent Assessment 

Cost: $5,360.00, includes testing equipment, multi-disk cominiter scoring, portable carrying case and 

1 1/2 days (xi-site training 

Description: The client uses special equifnnent provided for 10 hands-on tasks where his/her aptitude for 
visualization and retention, discrimination, and dexterity are determined. The tasks can be 
administered singly cmt in a group. 

TAP measures skills needed for mechanical, industrial, and building trades; electronics and 
computer programming; diagnostic technicians or assemblers; artists, tile setters and laboratory 
technicians; upholstering, auto body wor!;, sandblasting, {Aysical therapy or dental work; 
jewelry making; material handling; or heavy industrial and mechanical work. After conq)leting 
the assessment, the staff enters test times into the computer, which summarizes data in two 
minutes. TAP provides percentiles for nonn groups, details about strengths, and specifies job 
code infcmnation. The computer searches for jc^s in the D.O.T. and G.O.E. based on five 
characteristics. Local job infonnaticm can be keyed in. ^ith a word processing {HOgram the 
information in TAP can be combined with individual education plans or vocational plans. 
(This description pertains to the version developed in J98L) 

Note: See Sectim m for a review of this program. 



VALUESEARCH 

Summary: Three different types of value clarification activities help students learn which wwk values are 
most important to them. 

Hardware: Apple n+, Dc, He; TRS-80 Models m, IV; IBM PC 

Intended Users: Middle school and high school students, adults 

Contact(s): Career Aids (IBM PC) 

Computer Concepts, Inc/The Guidance Shoppe 

'-ost: $95.00, master disk; $159.95, lab pack vApple only), includes 1 master and 5 student disks; 

may be cvdered on approval 

Description: Students explore their work values with this interactive program. The color graphics and gariie 
format make learning about values fim and help students discover what they really want from n 
job. Three activities look at the same 12 work values using three different approaches. Each 
activity takes only 10-15 minutes to complete and can be used alone or in combination with 
others. The values are money, variety, prestige, creativity, independence, leadership, stress 
level, job challenge, work environment, job security, leisure time and social service. The 
program includes a "values comparison" which is a valuable tool for the counselor. Printouts 
are available of all results. 



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Assessment 



VIP: VOCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS OF PERSONALITY 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



The VIP is a compuierized personality assessment [H'ogram designed to describe a person's 
woridng style, relationship to the world, and decision-making approach. 

Apple n scries; IBM PC; TRS-80 

JunicK high school students, high school students, and adults; written at a Sth grade reading 
level, non-discriminatory, useful fc^ handicapped and disadvantaged; audio version available 
for visually inq)aired or low-level readers 

Talent Assessment, Inc. 

$795.00, includes two disks, backups, manual, cHie set of transparencies, four cassettes, audio 
instruction* and carrying case 

This program will take about IS minutes to ccnnplete by the student ca client. The user answers 
a series of questions and then is provided with feedback on the indicatea personality 
charactep«'aC5 and occupati(His in which the individual is most likely to succeed. Results of the 
program should be viewed within the context of the person's limitaticms, s^titudes, and goals. 
The VflP program helps detennine if the person sees the world with a holistic (imaginative, 
mtuitive) or incremental (solver of puzzles) vision; whether the individual is focused inward or 
on the world aroucd him/her, and whether one makes decisions based on analysis or m 
feelings. The program can combine these attributes and tell the user whether he/she falls into 
the "Forecaster," the "Enthusiast," the "Organizer," the "Precisionist," the "Designer," the 
"Caretaker," the "Socializer," or the "Purist" personality type. (This description pertains to the 
version developed in 1987.) 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



VIP: VOCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS OF PERSONALITY JR. (VIP JR.) 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program provides a personality test with associated careeer planning materials intended 
for students beginning a career search. 

Apple n, 128K; IBM XT or omipatible 

Upper elementary, middle or junior high school students 

Talent Assessment Inc. 

$595.00 

This program has three basic phases: 1) Test Administration, Scoring and In^Cipretation; 2) 
Associated Guidance Activities, and 3) Exploration of OccupatioiiG. Sin-^lar to Myers-Briggs 
Type Indicator with different type names, the number of types is reduced from 16 to 8. A 
report is generated for discussion. 

Note: See Section in for a review of this program. 



117 



Assessment 



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VOCATIONAL INTr ^^EST PROFILE REPORT (VIPR) 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



VIPR allows students to identify tvoad work areas (clusters) that are most interesting to them. 

Allien series; IBM PC 

8th to 1 2th grade or vocational students 

Cambridge Career Products 

$98.00, includes diskette and documentation 

Students indicate if they are interested in performing a number of specific work activities (e.g. 
teach modem dance, design and paint signs, analyze data on weather conditions, manage a 
dairy ranch, and over 200 more activities) that are found in a broad range of industries and 
occupaticHis. The oxnputer analyzes the student's responses and ranks the 12 work categories 
frcxn ''most interested" to "least interested.** The 12 work activities covered include: Artistic; 
Scientific; Plants and Animals; Protective; Mechanical; Industrial; Business Detail; Selling; 
Accommodating; Humanitarian; Leading-Influencing; and Riysical Performing. Each student 
receives a detailed printout listing the 12 categories in rank order, descriptions of each 
category, examples of jobs within each category, and references to The Guide for 
Occupational Exploration and The Dictionary of Occupational Titles. (This description 
pertains to the version developed in 1986.) 



VOC-TECH QUICK SCREENER 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Usersr 

Contact(s): 

Cust: 

Description: 



This is a program to help students leam about vocational and technical jobs that require less 
than two years of training. An assessment feature matches the student with 14 voc-tech job 
clusters. 

TRS-80 Models m, IV; Apple n+. He; IBM PC; Franklin Ace 1000 

Any high school student* out-of-school youth, or adult who wants guidance in selecting a job 
that will not require a college education 

Career Aids, Inc. 
CFKR Career Materials 

$79.95, includes diskette and user's guide 

The student first answers a few questions . N3ut work interests. The computer then matches 
those interests with 14 job clusters that focus on areas that do not require formal college 
training (for example, clerical, health service, transpotation, and personal service). The student 
then puts in his/her aptitudes, interests, educational achievements, woric experience, hobbies, 
additional training and desires. The self-appraisal plus the interesi assessment is then compared 
again with the clusters, and the student focuses on a preferred job cluster. The program then 
lists 20 {mminent and in-demand job titles for the smdent to review and choose a job most 
compatible with his/her interests and plans. The total process allows the student to become 
familiar with 280 voc-tech jobs. The printout presents a structured plan. (This description 
pertains to the version developed in 1986.) 



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Assessment 



VOCATIONAL RESEARCH INTEREST INVENTORY (VRII) REPORT 

Summary: The VRII REPORT program enables users to assess their interests and generate personal 
statistical analysis and profiles. 

Hardware: Apple n series; IBM PC and compatibles; one disk drive 

Intended Users: Junior high and high school students, adults 

Contact(s): Vocational Research Institute 

CoGt: $295.00 (plus shipping and handling) 

Description: Students choose "like," "?," or "dislike" for 162 interests and the computer reports their scores 
on 12 Department of Labor interests areas, comparing them to a sex and age reference group, 
either 17 yeais and younger or 18 years and older. Interest areas are also presented graphically. 
A student refers to the Guide for Occupational Exploration for sub-groupings and job titles in 
the interest areas. The software has a 4th grade reading level, and uses only the arrow and 
return keys. A paper-and-pencil version can be used and answers typed in for computer 
sccKing. 



Career Explorcaion 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



CAREER EXPLORATION SERIES (CES) 

The CAREER EXPLORATION SERIES (CES) is a series of six surveys, each focusing upon a 
major woric cluster. 

TRS-80 Models ffl, IV; App'e n+. He; Commodore 64; IBM PC; Franklin Ace 1000 

Grade 9 through adult 

CKFR Career Materials, Inc. 
EISI (no Franklin Ace) 

$ 49.95 per diskette; $249.95, the complete series of 6 diskettes; $1 24.88, lab pack (3), specify 
title 

The CES inventories focus on work clusters and are highly recOTunended to help narrow and 
refine career exploration. It is highly suggested that the complete series be available to utilize 
the whole range of major clusters. Students like to take each survey in the CES for a wide- 
range of career options and for career awareness. 

Clusters are: 

• Agriculture, conservation, foresuy (AG-O) 

• Business, sales, management, clerical (BIZ-0) 

• Consumer/home economics (CER-0) 

• Design, art, conmiunications (DAC-0) 

• Industrial, construction, mechanics, transportation (IND-O) 

• Science, math, and health (SCI-0) 

Note: See Section in for a review of this program. 



CAREER INVENTORY ASSESSMENT 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



CAREER INVENTORY ASSESSMENT assists students in preparing an assessment of job 
oppommities. 

Apple n, ne, 48K, DOS 3.3; disk drive required 
Junior high and high school students 
Career Aids, Inc. 

$79.95, includes ore disk and documentation 

This program is designed for counselors and administrators who wish to prepare an 
individualized guidance program for students who need an assessment of their job 
opportunities in the rapidly changing employment market. CAREER INVENTORY 
ASSESSMENT makes use of matrices developed by the Department of Labor in a 
computerized process of calculations. Students can get a printout of job opportunities 
suggested by the program. 



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SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Career Exploration 



CAREERS 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact($): 
Cost: 

Description: 



Using graphics, this program associates tools with a career. 

Pet, 8K; Commodore 64 

Primary and lower intermediate students 

Robbinsdale Area School District 281 

$9.95 

The student decides which of three given careers will most likely use the tools that are shown. 
Helpful hints are given each time around and feedi/ack is given until the right choice is made. 



CAREER SCAN IV 



Summary: 

Hardware: 

Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 



Cost: 

Description: 



Using an 8-item questionnaire, students can search and explore over 800 occupations in 
conjuncticHi with their interests and abilities. 

Apple n series; TRS-80 Models m, IV, IVP, 1.2 DOS; IBM PC; Commodore 64. 8032. 4032; 
momtcn*. (me or two disk drives, printer recommended 

Junior high and high school students 

Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids 

Education Associates (Apple) 
National Educational Software Services 
Opportunities fcM* Learning 

$169.00; $179.00. Apple andTRS-80 

CAREER SCAN IV is a comprehensive, low-cost guidance information package that helps 
students search and explore over 800 occupations. Students can independently enter 
information regarding their interests and abilities. Eight question categories with 42 variables 
are used in the search which takes about IS minutes to complete. The output, which can be 
printed if desired, lists and describes those occupations that best fit the student's profile. The 
program also provides references to page numbers in federal publications where more detailed 
information may be found. (TMs program is updated annually.) 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



CAREER SERIES: COMPUTER AIDED DRAFTING (CAD) 

Summary: Career opportunities in computer-aided drafting are addressed in this tutc^ial software. 

Hardware: Apple U; IBM PC. 128K. color graphics card 

Intended Users: High school students through adults 

Contact(s) : Photocom 

Cost: $80.00. includes one disk and documentaticm 



116 



t 121 



Career Exploration 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUmANCE 



Description: This is a menu-driven jHOfram which includes sections on "Career Opportunities in CAD;" "Is 
CAD for You?" "An Iniroduciion to CAD Basics;" "CAD Hardware:" and "Applications of 
CAD Princifdes." This software can be used as an introduciicm to CAD or as a career review in 
any class already using the drafting system. Quizzes generated at ±e 2nd of each lesson are 
stored for review and may be printed 



CAREER SKILLS 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
C(Hitact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program compares five occupsoions and five skills at a time. 
Commodore 64; PEf 8K (old ard new ROMS) 
Intermediate: 4th, Sth, and 6th graders 
Robbinsdale Area School District 281 
$9.95 tape; $7.50 disk 

This program provides practice in relating current skills wiih selected careers. The user is then 
asked to select a career skill and review a job listing for that : kilL Tmie: 20-30 minutes. 



CAREER SYSTEM 2000 



Summary: 
Hardware: 

Inf ended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This system provides detailed infcnmation op over 560 careers with the option of a screen or 
printout presentation. 

Apple n, He, 4{,K memory, one or two disk drives, 3.3 DOS, printer optional; IBM PC (or 
compatibles), 256K, one cx two disk drives, printer optional; data disks can be transferred to 
harddi&i*. 

Students in grades 7-12 and college, adults needing information on careers 

Careers, Inc. 
Education Associates 

$220.00, includes one double-sided program disk, three double-sided data disks, user's manual; 
annual updates are half-price 

CAREER SYSTEM 2000 is a computer referaice dati^base of detailed career descriptions. 
Each of the over 560 oxupations in the system gives infonnatiOT on the duties and working 
conditions of the career(s) selected, e.g., physical sunoundings, physical demands, aptitudes, 
temperaments, edycational requirements, interests, opportunities, earnings, outlook, where 
employed, and sources of additional information. There is a screen and/or printout 
presentation. Information can be accessed by title; DOT, SOC, or GOE cedes; or cluster 
category. Other programs available are: 

• HEALTH SYSTEM 2000 ($65.00) with 140+ careers. (Apple only) 
- SCIENCE SYSTEM 2000 ($65.00) with 140f careers. (Apple only) 

• BUSINESS SYSTEM 2000 ($65.00) with 140+ careers. (Apple only) 

• INDUSTRIAL SYSTEM 2000 ($65.00) with 170+ careers. (Apple only) 

• SEMI-SKILLED 2000 ($65.00) with 170+ careers. (Apple only) 



^ Software for Career Counseling 

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117 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Career Exploratbn 



All proirr«ms have demonstration disks available. 
(ThL^ progri^n is updated every two years,) 



CAREERS IN HOSPITAL NURSING 



Summery: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contacts): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This is an assessment inventory desigiied to help discover if a career in nursing is an 
appropriate choice. 

Apple n series; IBM PC or compatible; one disk drive, printer recommended 
High school St ients 
Jefferson Software 
$150.00 

A '^O-item im^entory introduces the client to six majcM" personality types found within hospital 
nu Jig. Each type is described in terms of prelerred work activities, preferred work values* 
preferred hospital deputment, or preferred leadership style. Also included is a test which 
measures retention of the foregoing corK^epts. The student may change any answer to re a its 
impact on his/her career direction. 



CAREERS OF THE FUTURE 

Summary: A funuistic format introduces the student to the high demand careers that will emerge within 
the next SO years. 

Apple n series 

High school students 

Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids, Inc. (2 disks] 
Career Development Sr t'lware 
The Conover Compan> 
K-12 Micro Media 

Cost: $79.00, single-year version (Cambridge Career Products); $150.00, includes 3 disks and 

manual with free annual updates 

Description: With Hui microcomputer program, the student may access more than 200 high demand future 
careers based on the latest research. This simulation game takes place in the year 2030 in 
which a computer bank matches a newborn's potential interests, values, and skills from genetic 
panems with the pcrfe^. ■>*^ir* career Students will exphre careers in space, energy, the ocean, 
robotics, and ccmputt. ^ Ion. 

All five career areas arc :i>i\^ together with unique futuristic challenges. Starship invasions, 
assembling robots, maze survival, and cryptograms develop an awareness oc the vast 
possibilities for future careers. A typical day in the year 2030 is also explored. (This 
description pertains to the versioi developed in 1987 by Career Development Software.,) 



Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 



118 



123 



Career Exploration 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AlVD GUmANCE 



CHOICE BUSINESS AND OFFICE SERIES 

Summary: This is a group of 26 programs using the microcomputer as a job simulator to teach hands-on 
skills, explore careers, and try out jot entry skills. 

Hardware: Apple H series; IBM PC; TRS-80 Models m, I; optional printer; some programs require 
additional equipment, like 10-key keypad, play money 

Intndetf Users: High school students and adults 

Contacl(s): Career Research C6rporatioD 

Cost: $375.00 to $490.00 for each career (includes 2 to 5 diskettes, audio tapes, workbook, guide) 

Description: This scries provides handsHHi instruction, practice and t^y-out carper introduction to these 
fields: juniOT and seniw level typists, data entry clerk, bookkeeping, office machine operator, 
cashier, file clerk, recepticmist, general secretary, administrative secretary, legal secretary, word 
processor, stenographer, shipping and receiving clerk, statistical clerk, stock clerk, bank cleric, 
progranuner, airline reservation cleik, bank teller, systems analyst, bank officer and manager, 
accountant, personnel and labor worker, and manager. Also available is a job readiness test 
series and an occupational interest matching program that sell for $199.00 each. 



COMPUTERIZED CAREER SERIES 

Summary: This is a group of six disks which allows students to explore careers related to subjects in 
which they excel. 

Hardware: Apple H; TRS-80 Models m, IV 

Intended Users: Intermediate and secondary students 

Contact(s): Occupational Awareness 

Cost: $82.50 per disk; includes main and backup diskette, instructions and 100 student woricsheets; 

subject packets vary; $24.75, annual updates 

Description: There are six programs covering ojwrs in General Math, College Math, Business, Health. 

Science and Industrial Education. Each can be supplemented by a Subject Packet which 
includes a Teacher's Guide with activities, lesson plans, duplication masters, pre- and post- 
tests, career ladder, and survey and interview worksheets. (This program is updated annually, ^ 



EMERGING OCCUPATIONS INTEREST INVENTORY 

Summary: This is a program to match student interests against 100 "careers of the future." 

Hardware: Apple H; IBM PC 

Intended Users: Grade 9 to aduL; 6th-7ih grade reading level 

Contact(s): EISI 

Cost: $68.50, includes disk, backup, and guide 

Description: Students can see whether they have potential for success in any of the careers that are supposed 
to experience growth. After entering iheir interests, the students learn which occupations are 



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119 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUTOANCE 



Career Exploration 



most suitable for them. They are referred to the enclosed career guide for more in-depth 
information. 

ENGLISH ON THE JOB 

Summary: ENGLISH ON THE JOB allows special students to explore careers, practice basic English 
skills related to the occupations, and receive diagnostic and remedial English skills 
informatioa 

Hardware: Apple n, one disk drive, color mcmvar, opti(Hial printer 
Intended Users: Special needs and at-risk students 
Contacts): The Ccmover Company 

Cost: $995.00, includes complete system of 33 disks, 31 student guides, teacher's guide, carrying 

case; $39.95 per disk of (Mie career area, 2 guides 

Description: Students perfonn s. xted tasks for each occupation chosen and learn the communication 
requirements and if they can handle them. They learn the relationship between their interests 
and the English skills needed for the job. It gives them a reascm to get extra English training, if 
necessary. ENGLISH ON THE JOB covers many vocabulary, spelling, listening, speaking, 
reading, and writing competencies. The occupations represented in the system are: 



Accounting Gerk/Bookkeeper 


• Meat Cutter 


Baiber/Cosmetologist 


• Metal Product Assembler 


Caipenter 


• Motor- Vehicle Mechanic 


Cashier 


• Nurse's Aide/Assistant 


Combination Welder 


• Painter 


Computer Service Technician 


• Plumber 


Construction Laborer 


• Progranuner 


Cook 


• Radio/rv Service Perscm 


lilectrician 


• Receiving Clerk 


Grain Farmer 


• Sales Clerk 


Graphic Designer 


• Secretary/Clerk TVpist 


Heavy Equipment Operator 


• Sheet-Metal Worker 


Janitor/Maintenance Person 


• Taxi Driver 


Local Thick Drivei 


• Ti-actor-Trailer Driver 


Machinist 


• WaiterAVaitress 


Maintenance Mechanic 





(This description pertains to the version developed in May, 1988.) 



120 



Career Exploration 



SELF.AS^^,SSMENT AND GUffiANCE 



EXPLORING CAREER OPTIONS 



Summary: Improved reading comprehension and knowledge of job fields are twin goals of the 16 
I^ograms in this serie". 

Hardware : Apple series 

Intended Users: High school studenti 

Contact(s): Intellectual Software 

Cost: $34.95 per disk without management component; $44.95 per disk with management 

component; $435.00, entire series without management component; $595.00, entire series with 
management component 

Description: High-interest reading p^^ges cover job descriptions, information on educational and training 
requirements, and pre<iictions of future opportunities in specific areas. Multiple-choice 
questicMis test reading comprehension. Incorrect answers lead to complete explanations. An 
optional management system keeps track of students' scores in each lesson. Programs available 
focus on: 

1. Office Caiwrs 

2. Business Careers 

3. Retailing 

4. Computer Careers 

5. Advertising & Public Relations 

6. Publishing 

7. Interior Decorating & Fashion Etesign 

8. Printing & Graphic Arts 

9. Medicine 

10. Nursing 

11. Social Work & Public Health 

12. Public Safety 

13. Teaching 

14. Military Careers 

15. Factory Careers 

16. Construction Work 

Note: See Section III for a reviev of this program. 



GUIDANCE COUNSELOR: CAREERS 

Summary: Students can explore hundreds of career options witli this program. 
Hardware: Apple II, He, lie; requires SO-column card for printing 
Intended Users: Grade 9 through college 



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Career Exploration 



Contact(s) : CBS Interactive Learning/Holt, Rinehart and Winston 

Cost: $150.00, includes program disk, backup, data disk, student guide, and teacher's guide 

Description: This 4-step career selection system helps students assess over 300 occupations based upon their 
educational conmiitment, work environment preferences, abilities, and inteiests. Four 
individualized reports are generated: 'Top Interest Area," "Abilities," "Suitable Occupations," 
and "Occupational." 



HEALTH SERVICES CAREERS 

Summary: This is a series of 16 tutorial lesson^ on eight cassettes covering various facets of health 
services careers. 

Hardware: Apple n n+. He; Atari 600/800 XL and "master cartridge"; Commodore 64 and "conversion 
kit" 

Intended Users: Career counselor s/counselees 
Contact(s) : Dorsett Educational Systems 

Cost: $59.90 + "master cartridge" ($9.95) or "conversion kit" ($99.00), includes 16 lessons on 8 

computer cassettes 

Description: This tutorial covers health services careers such as medical team, medical specialties, clear 
communications, and much more. All lessons include audio narration. (This description 
pertains to the version developed in 1982,) 



HOW FAST CAN YOU TYPE RIGHl ? 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



Students learn information about careers as they improve typing skills with drills, games, and 
tests. 

Apple n series, 48K; IBM PC, PCjr., 64K; Commodore 64, 64K 
High school students 
Career Aids 

$39.95, includes 1 disk, documentation 

This program enables students to use meaningful career information as typing exercises. 
Accuracy is emphasized over speed. Included for each career are instructions, vocabulary and 
spelling drills, plus one-minute, three-minute and flve-minute tests. The following careers are 
included: accountant, geologist, lawyer, paramedic, carpenter, hotel manager, mechanic, 
systems analyst, dietician, interior designer, newscaster, technologist, engineer, jeweler, officer, 
and waiter/waiu-ess. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1985,) 



127 



Career Exploroixon 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUTOANCE 



JOB SEARCH 

Summary: With this program, entering a person's skills and worker traits on the computer results in a 
printout of possible occupations. 

Hardware : Apple n series, 48K; printer and disk drives required 

Intended Users: High school students to professional job seekers 

Contact(s): Cambridge Career Products 
E & F \^tional Software 

Cost: $125.00 (Cambridge $149.00) 

Description: Client attributes are put into the computer; (e.g., working conditions, physical demands, 
aptitude level biised on assessment tests, GED level and interest areas). The program prints out 
possible occupations which refer directly to the DOT. The Apple version contains 1,864 
occupational listings. 



MANAGING TO THE TOP 



Summary: This program explores the basics of a career in management. 
Hardware: Apj^e n series; BM PC, XT; TRS-80 Models m, IV 
Intended Users: High school and college students 
Contact(s) : Career Development Scrftware 
Cost : $79.00, includes disk and manual 

Description: MANAGING TO THE TOP looks at the skills a manager needs in order to be successful: 
budgeting, supervising, conununicating, delegating, etc. Each skill is covered in depth with 
multiple case studies and interactive formats. MANAGING TO THE TOP emphasizes the 
positive managing approach, rather than the manipulative managing approach, and is an 
excellent way for students to explore the career of managing in a low-risk setting. Settings 
include such areas as small business, education, and large companies. Oiganizational structures 
are also covered. {THs description perlains to the version developed in Summer, 1985.) 



THE MARKETPLACE 



Summary: 
Hardware: 

Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This is a simulation program to teach economics concepts such as supply and demand. 

Api^e HGS, 64k, with or without Corvus network; Conmiodore 64, 64K; BM PC, 128K; ^T^S 
with color, 32K 

Grades 3-9 

MECC 

$39.00 (Commodore or TRS); $49.00 (Apple and IBM 5 1/4-ikiCh disk); $55.00, (Apple 3 1/2- 
inch disk) 

In this program, students : t ^nto the business of selling apples, t(xnato plants, and lemonade. 
They try to find the bst , jl , for their products and the optimal use of advertising in order to 
increase business. 



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123 



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Career Exptoration 



MATRON THE JOB 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This software allows special needs and at-risk students an opportunity to explore careers, 
practice basic math skills related to vocations, and get diagnostic and remedial occupationally- 
related math information. 

Apple n series, one disk drive, color monitor, optional printer 
Special needs and at-risk students; 4th grade reading level 
The Conover Company 

$995.00, includes 31 double-sided disks and manuals; $39.95 per individual career area 

This microomiputer version includes one double-sided disk per career area, with 31 careers 
rein^nted. It is enhanced widi coIcm^ graphics and immediate feedback on responses. Results 
are scored and primed for each math competency within the career area. There is an extensive 
management system with diagnostic and remedial capabilities. Fifty students can be scored on 
one data disk. It can be purchased by single career area or as a complete set. Math 
competencies measured are: whole numbers, fractions, decimals, percentage, equivalents, 
average, ratio and proportion, graduated scales, tables and charts, scale drawings, 
measurement, and estimaticm. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1987.) 



MECA: MICROCOMPUTER EVALUATION OF CAREER AREAS 

Summary: This is a hands-on vocational assessment system tied into the client's intei^ts and abilities, 
with educational preparaticHi and job placement as the goals. 

Hardware: Apple U series, color monitor optional, cassette control device o^nional for non-readers, 
printer and dual disk drives needed for management functions 

Intended Users: Junior high, middle and high school students 

Contact(s^: The Ccmover Company 

Cost. $35O.0O-$75O.O0 per career kit, includes 5-6 diskettes, hand tools, hardware, supplies, manual 

and forms; $250.00, includes software and manuals only; $49.95 - $600.00, management 
software 

Description: The MECA system begins with the identification of vocational interests with CAREER 
SURVEY. This program identifies majw interests and lists related WORK SAMPLES to 
administer. CAREER PLANNING SYSTEM further clarifies the interests, helps the user 
explore careers and identify related school courses. By using the Learning Activity Packet, s/he 
identifies weaknesses in basic academic skills and gets practice in learning basic skills like 
reading a ruler (x a meter. Each **v/oA sample** represents an actual job taken fnnn industry 
that is a hands-on simulaticHi of all or part of a job. Each sample uses actual haidware tools and 
sui^lies commonly found in the job - a practical approach for those with little exposure to the 
world of work. Each task is presented in graduated steps, shown in full colcH*, high resolution 
graphics along with written instructions on the monitor. A cassette control device can be used 
for low and non-reading users. 

The following career areas are currently available (each with three separate work samples 
taking 20 minutes): automotive, building maintenance, grt^hic design, cosmetology, custodial 
housekeeping, electronics, small engines, food service, business and office, manufacturing, 
distribution, health care, CiHistmction, horticulture, and conq)uters. 



Career Exploration 



SELF- ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



The software provides JOB SEARCH to find job titles in DOT, and LOCAL JOB BANK to 
find local employers who have the desired jote. A VOC MATCHING program identifies the 
job competencies required and ;r.akes curriculum recommendations. Results can be 
summarized in a vocational assessmen; word processing program, VOC REPORT. 

(Ttus description pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 



MICRO GUIDE TO CAREERS SERIES 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended (Jsers: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



Eight high-demand careers are examined based on the Work Activities Inventory. 

Apple H; IBM PC; TRS-80 Models HI, IV; one disk drive, printer opiioncl 

High school and college students, adults 

Cambridge Career Products 
Career Development Software 
Jefferscm Software 

$49.00 - $59.00 per diskette 

Each diskette stands alone and explores jobs expected to have a positive future. Micro guides 
to high tech careers, nursing careers, fashion careers, counseling/teaching careers, sales careers, 
office occupations, self employment and liberal arts careers are included Each disk contains a 
'*Professi(xial Profile^ that allows the user to compare his/her learning style with that of a 
professional in the field. There is also a career ladder and a job bank with over 75 descriptions 
of leading job titles. 



MiCRO-SKILLSIANDII 

Summary: This is an inventory of 72 transferable building-block skills developed specifically for 
identifying iq)propriate occupations using a computer. 

Hardwart-: Apple n+, lie, 3.3 DOS, disk drive, monitor, and optimal pinter; IBM PC or compatibles, 
128K 

Intended Users: High school students to adults 

Contact(s): QASA 

EUREKA (in California) 

Wintergreen Software (outside of California cxily) 

Cost: $490.00 * $750.00; worksheets may be purchased for a minimal fee. 

Description: The EUREKA Skills Inventory is a paper-and-pencil instrument which asks clients to sort 72 
skills into four categ(»ies (very satisfying to not satisfying). The SKILLS program calculates 
the degree of matching between each occupation and the client's skills, Usting the top 30 
occupaticHis and allowing the client tc look more closely at any one. It produces a list of skills 
required by a specific occupation, along with the client's self-reported skills. Brief descriptions 
for each occupation include duties, level physical activity, educational requirements, salary 
range, work setting, and size of community in which the occupation is found. A mail-in scoring 
service is also available for the paper-and-pencil instniment. (This program is updated 
annually.) 



Software for Career Counseling 



130 



125 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Career Exploration 



Micro-SKILLS n combines all the features of Micro-SKILLS I and a wide range of new 
features to make it even easier to adapt to different types of clients and settings. Clients can 
select their skills at the computer and return to the computer to review their skills. A batch, or 
automatic processing option, is also available. Either version has worksheets and card sorts for 
regular and easy reading levels. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 

Note: See "Eureka Skills Inventory." Section m. for a review of these programs. 



MILITARY CAREER SORT 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Conta€t(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This software allows students to explOk*e military enlistment from a career-decision-making 
viewpoint 

Apple n series. 64K. gO-co!unm card; IBM PC or compatibles 

High school and vocati(maI students 

Cambridge Career Products 

$99.00. includes two diskettes and documenution 

This program provides a convenient method for students to obtain information on military 
occupatioos in such areas as business and clerical; electrical and electionics; health, social and 
technology; and mechanical and crafts. It evaluates students* chances of entry into one of 134 
occupatimal or training areas based on results of the Aimed Services Vxational Aptitude 
Battery (ASVAB). It also provides the student with descripticms <m any enlisted occupation 
including information such as duties and responsibilities; related high school courses; related 
civilian occiq)ations arranged accmiing to weaker trait groups; annual number of (q)enings; 
length of training; type of advancement; and chances of qualifyiiig based on ASVAB scores. 
The ''Basic Enlistment Facts" section in'ovides answers to frijjquently asked questions about 
enlistment. Finally, the system ailows the student to print out a personalized planning guide. 
(This description pertains to the version developed in 1986,) 



OCCUPATIONAL OUTLOOK ON COMPUTER (OOOC) 



Summary: 



Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program allows computer access and printout of information in the Occupational 
Outlook Handbook (OOH). 

Apple H; IBM PC and compatibles 

Students, ^^^ults in many settbjs 

CFKR 

$89.95. includes two disks, user's guide 

OCCUPATIONAL OUTLOOK ON COMPUTER (OOOC) is a computerized resource tool to 
retrieve ccmdensed information abour jobs listed in the OOH published biennially by the 
Department of Labor. The user can see on the screen or print out up to three pages on each 
occupation. Supplemenul dau in the program include: 

1. essential aptitudes required (10 ^titudes that can be measured and possessed by top 1/3 of 
the population). 

2. physical demands of job. 

3. mathematics and language levels required, 

4. vocational jM'eparation time. 



m 



131 



Career Exploration 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUffiANCE 



5. change in employment anticipated, 

6. essential job requirements, 

7. work environment, 

8. earnings (nati(mal levels), 

9. 3-letter Holland code, and 

10. specific citations of page or reference numbers to D.OT., G.0.£., and 0.0.H, 

The user can choose to get information about a specific job, or s/he can ask for a list of jobs 
that meet a chosen requirement In the latter case, single variables only can be entered due to 
limited disk and RAM space. Schools can order another special program (OOOC 
OCCUPATIONAL SORTER) thai can allow input of several conditions. Licensing for network 
use with a hard disk is availaUe. (This description p -*ains to the vcr-f;>n developed in 1987,) 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



OFFICE CAREERS 

Summary: OFFICE CAREERS consists of sixteen tutorial programs on eight cassettes covering various 
facets of office careers. 

Hardware: Atari 600/800 XL V*master cartridge"; Apple n, n+, lie; Commod(^ 64 and "conversion kit** 
Intended Users: Career counselor^/counselees 
ConUict(s): Dorsett EducaticMial Systems 

Cost: $59.90 + "master cartridge" ($9.95) or "conversion kit" ($99.00), includes 16 lessons on 8 

computer cassett^^ 

Description: This tutorial covers office careers, handling conmiunications, banking, business writing, 
plaiming your career, and much more. All lessons include audio narration. (This descrq>tion 
t/ertains to the version developed in 1982,) 



PROFILE FOR SUCCESS IN SALES 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This is a test to evaluate a person z ability and personality for the sales profession. 
Apple; IBM PC 

Employers, employment and placement offices, individuals interested in a sales career 
Psychological Psoftware 
$89.50, new student edition 

This rogram is designed to take the risk out of hiring choices and to determine the quality of a 
prospective salesperson. The test and analysis rely on behavioral sciences and the fundamentals 
of communication, economics, marketing and management. The 200 questions evaluate 16 
areas of sales ability and personality. A 3- or 4-page printout profiles the prospective 
salesperson. 



Softwane for Career Counseling 



ERIC 



1.^ 



127 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUTOANCE 



Career Exploration 



THE RIGHT JOB: CAREER EXPLORATION 



Sumiiuiry: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



THE RIGHT JOB is a career development program written for special education and other 
non-college-bound students. 

Apple n series, 48K 

Special educatira, ncm-collcge-bound students, grades 7-12; reading level grades 4-6 
Sunburst C(xnmunications 

$189.00, includes four disks, backups, teacher's guide 

The package allows ncm-college-bound students to explore their interests and skills. A special 
simulaticm famiLarizes students with the interview process. Students work with a daubase of 
job infcmnatioQ to search for jobs that meet their interests. Disk 1 provides an opportunity to 
explore interests and skills and consider working conditicms. Disk 2 focuses on job interviews 
and iq)plications. Disk 3 allows students to search through occupations by job groups, waking 
conditions, duties or skills, training or salary. Then they can read records about selected 
occupations. Disk 4 allows pupils to build a job description, choosing from options presented 
by the conq)uter. 



SKILLS OF THE FUTURE 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Conta€t(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program explores 120 high demand careers of the next twenty years and the most 
maricetable skills in the six major woric areas. 

Apple n series; IBM PC, XT 

JuniCMT high, high school and college students 

Career Development Software 

$150.00, includes 2 disks, courseware, exercises, and manual 

SKILLS OF THE FUTURE consists of two disks which provide an in-depth look at the most 
maricetable skills for the next twenty years. The Program Profile Disk allows the user to 
identify hi$/her nuyor skill profile and then expl(Mre over 120 high demand careers and six 
maj(H' skill clusters. The Adventure Disk allows the student to use some of the skills described 
in the Program Profile Disk in order to solve various science fiction dilemmas. This is a highly 
interactive program with multiple formats and high resolution screens. (This description 
pertains to the version developed in Fall, 1985.) 



STEPPING STONES 



Summary: This set helps students improve reading and language arts skills while learning about careers. 
Hardware: Apple II series 

Intended Users: Special educatioa students and others; junior high and high school interest level, grade 2 
reading level 

Contact(s): Fearon Education 



128 



133 



Carter Exploration 



SELF- ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Cost: $870.00» includes both >^)cational and Career Reader parts with 20 diskettes* 100 books (S 

each of 20 titles)* 10 audio cassettes* and manual; or» $450.00 for Vocational program; $450.00 
for Career program 

Description: Students read a bock about careers, then complete 11 different skills-focused computer lessons 
based on the story. They get feedback and reinforcement with each question. Lessons check 
comprehension* vocabulary, language usage skills* recaU, making inferences* sequencing 
events* determining cause and effect* parts of speech, etc. Record of student scores and missed 
questions are maintained on disk in password-fHotected files. Copies can be printed. There is a 
disk for each book in the series. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1987,) 



ValGUIDE 

Summary: This program creates a personalized education and career plan for students. 

Hardware: Ai^e ne, two drives; IBM PC» XT» two drives or hard disk 

Intended Users: High school or college students 

Contact(s): ValPARInternaticxudCcxp. 

Cost: $975.00» includes disks and documentation 

Description: Any dau that can be cmverted to D.OJ. level format is entered into the computer to be 
incorporated into a Student Qualifications Profile. Examples are: MESA SF2 from ValPAR» 
California Achievement Ibst, Iowa Itst of EducaticHud Develcqmient, Differential Aptitude 
Test, and Gates-MacGinitie Reading Test Results are synthesized and explained in layman's 
terms. The xepon tells what woik tasks the student can do or learn to perform. Limiting factors 
are identified. The con^mter then searches for Standard Occupation Qassification (S.O.C) 
codes to find the 25 in ^ch the student has the best chance of success. Tt-aining and courses 
of study can then be produced based on the student's first three occupations and programs of 
study recommended by the school. (This description pertains to the version developed in 
1986.) 



ValSEARCH job bank 12^75 

Summary: This software searches through a database of 12,375 jobs listed in the Dictionary of 
Occitpationai TUles {D.OJ.) to match the user's assessment data to jobs. 

Hardware: IBM PC, XT, 1?8K, two drives, or hard disk; Apple He, two drives, 80 column printer, 
Advanced Logic Systems Z-Engine Card 

Intended Users: Vocational education, rehabilitation programs, Job Training Partnership Act programs 

Contact(s): ValPAR International Corp. 

Cost: $875.00, includes disks, manual, D.O.T. cross-reference index, configuration chip 

Description: Seardies are based on the Worker Qualification Profile in the D.O.T. using number scores 
obtained from MESA SF2 or other assessments yielding scores for Data/People/Things; 
General Educaticm Development; Specific Vocational Preparation; Environmental Conditions; 
Temperaments; Guide to Occupaticmal Expiration Factors; Materials and Products Codes; 
Standard Occupatimal Codes; Industrial Designation Codes; Wo-k Fields; and Classification 



Software for Career Counseling 



129 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUIDANCE 



Career Exploration 



of Instructional Program Codes. Reports can be printed. Users can choose a one-page proflle 
for any job, a side-by-side comparison of their profile with that of any job, or a complete 
profile of the search criteria. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1986.) 



VOCATIONAL CAREER CHOICES 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



Eight vocational interest fields ^re featured on individual disks, each presenting Ave or more 
careers. 

Apple n series, 64K, 80 column display, one drive, printer 
High school students to adults 
Teaching Aids, Inc. 

$65.00 for each interest field disk, with backup and documentation 

The program emphasizes the need for communication and math skills and other targeted 
curricula. It strongly encourages completion of high school, vocational school, or community 
college. Information about apprenticeships and related occupations is included as appropriate. 
The printed summaries suggest other sources of guidance information. The fields included are: 

• Automotive Technology 

• Ccmputers 

• CcHistruction Technology 

• Electronics Technology 

• Engineering Technology 

• Health Ibchnology 

• Machine/Metals Technology 

• Wood 



THE WHATSIT CORPORATION 

Summary: Students learn entrepreneurial and math skills in a realistic simulation of starting and running a 
one-product business. 

Hardware: Apple n series, 48K; TRS-80 Models m, IV, 48K; Conunodore 64; IBM PC, PCjr, 128K 
Intended Users: Grade 6 to adult 
Contact(s) : Sunburst 
Cost: $65.00 

Description: Students work in groups and decide on the need for a market survey, expert help, bank loans, 
and type of franchise to buy. They later move on to operating decisions — size of sales force, 
amount of inventory, loans, price, advertising, record keeping. The program challenges them 
with unexpected problems, such as late shipments and supply shortages. Competition between 
student groups could increase the interest Designed by Waterford School District, Waterford, 
Michigan. 



O 130 

ERLC 



1^5 



Career Exploraihn 



SELF-ASSESSMENT AND GUffiANCE 



WOh!FN OF INFLUENCE 

Suimmary: This program instructs and quizzes students about the accomplishments of 20 famous women 
who can be used as role models. 

Jiardware: Apple n, He, He, 48K 

Intended Users: High school and college students 

Contac^(s): Career Aids 

Cost: $69.00, includes one disk and manual 

Der^ription: This educational program is written in a multiple-choice fonnat. If a wrong answer is chosen, 
the computer inrovides the student with biographical information on that woman. Each woman 
on the multiple-choice list is a real wcman of influence, such as Lucy Stone, EUzabeth Cady 
Stanton, Sarah and Angelina Grimke, Jane Addams, Clara Barton, Harriet Tubman, and 
Victoria Woodhull. 

Note: See Section in for a review of this program. 



WORK ACTIVITIES INVENTORY 

Summary: This program assists students in evaluating future goals and in selecting areas of study related 
to those future goals. 

Hardware: Apple H, He, 48K, DOS 3.3; TRS-80 Models HI, IV, 48K; IBM PC, 64K; disk drive »*equired 
Intended Users : High school students 

Contact(s): Cambridj e Career Products 
Career Aius, Inc. 

Career Development Software (IBM) 
1 Conovcr Company 
JefTerson Software 
K-12MicrcMedia 

Opportunities for Learning, Inc. (IBM) 

Cost: $ 1 50.00, includes four disks, user's manual, and courseware exercises 

Description: The information students can leam from th'S interest inventory will be valuable in selecting 
areas of study related to their future goals. This 30-item inventory divides interest into six 
categories: the "Doers," "Investigators," "Creators," "Helpers," "Influencers", and 
"Organizers." Students determine which categcvy fits them best through concepts found in 
other career resources, such as the Self-Directed Search, the Strong-Campbell Interest 
Inventory and the Disney Career Fihnstrip Series. Wthin each of the six interest areas students 
leam the major woik activities perfmmed, the major career clusters, the types of co-workers or 
leaders p-esent* and some of the interesting job titles. A second part of the program, "Career 
Clusters," asks students to match the major career clusters with the six major work 
enviroiunents. This tests the students' retention of the concepts covered in the previous 
sections. Students can get a printout of the interpretation for further study and evaluation. This 
computerized irogram will help students become interested in evaluating theii future goals. 
(This description pertains to the revised version developed in 1987.) 



^ Software for Career Counseling 



131 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



General 



COMPD-JOB 



Summary: This career guidance tool develops the student's employment process through an awareness of 
different types of jobs plus flnding, getting, and keeping a job. 

Hardware: Apple n, ne, 48K, DOS 3.3; TRS-80 Model m, 48K; Commodore 64; IBM PC, 64K; one disk 
drive required 

Intended Users: Junior high and high school students 

1 untact(s): Camlmdge Career Products 

Career Aids, Inc. (no Conunodore 64) 
Education Associates (no Commodore 64) 
Opportunities for Learning, Inc. 

Cost: $1K«.(X) (Camtmdge) or $129.00 (others) for one disk, instructor's manual and S :x)pies of the 

student workbook 

Description: This con^niter program is divided into four sections: ''Different lypes of Jobs;" "Ways to Find 
a Job;" "Getting a Job;" and "Keeping a Job." The student is guided by the computer through 
the entire employment process begi :iing with how to And job (^nings and concluding with 
how 10 keep a job oocc hired. The student interacts with the conq)ater to leam how to develop 
his or her actual resume, identify job q)eiuAgs, and follow-up the interview. Also included akX 
segments oa establishing life md enq>lGyment goals, identif^jig potential job possibilities, 
reading the newsp^?er '*help wanted" ads, using the te^ei^otiC, making pers(xial visits and 
things one should know before accepting a job. Other to^^cs include the first day on the job; 
identifying employee expectations; establishing good working relatimships; understanding 
gross pay, net pay and deducticxis; developing a family budget; and maintaining a bank 
checking account The computer program directs students to specific pages in the woikbook tc 
provide written reinforcement and additionai imormation regarding certain [Aases of the 
employment process. 

j: Sec Section UI for a review oi this program. 



EMPLOYABILITY INVENTORY 

Summary: This program emphasizes the correct methods of locating, applying for, and succeeding with 
new jobs. 

Hardware: Apple H, HI; TRS-80 Models m, IBM PC, AT, XT 

Intended Users : High school students 

Contact(s) : Cambridge Career Products 
Education Associates 

Cost: $64.95 - $79.95, includes disk, backup, and two copies each of "Seven Steps to Employment" 

and "Successful lYansitions" 

Description: The student is presented with a situation and four possible responses. After choosiiig the best 
response, the student reads an explanation of the topic. Topics uiclude finding job openings, 
resumes, job leads, applications, interviewing, proper work habits and atiitud^^s, 
communication on the job and ways to keep a job. 



ERLC 



1.^7 



General 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



TIPS 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Ctet: 

Description: 



This system teaches job search, employability, and life skills. 

IBM; Apple; two disk drives, printer optional 

9th grade students through university graduates and adults 

CSG 

$750.00 

nPSr -Job Search Skills 
TiyS n— Employability Skills 
TIPS m— Life Skills 

Pre-assessment instruments called "Pathflnders" are included at the beginning of each category 
of skills. They ccmtain a series of c<xnpetency-based and attimdinal questions. Based on the 
user's responses, the computer will recommend needed modules. 

The r ' ^mders are qHi(Hial. Users may simply request a list of the modules in a category, then 
select L >nes they wish to use. 

As users conq>lete each module in the system, the computer quizzes them on the material 
covered Then it provides several items of informaticm to optimize the learning experience. 

A special tracking module is available to allow counselors or teachers to: 

• prim a record of up to the last 100 users of a specific module and its associated self-check 
questions, 

• update self-check answer records and remove user records from the module disk, and 

• receive a printout of the distribution oi answers from all users. 
(This description pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 
Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



WORK SERIES 

Summary: These six easy-tc-read programs use multiple-choice questions to present altemate approaches 
to woric decisions. 

Hardware: Apple H, He, 48K, 3.3 DOS; TRS-80 Models m, IV, 48K; IBM PC 

Intended Users: Jrimor high and high school stuclmts; written at 3rd to Sth grade reading level 

Contacts): Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids, Inc. 
EMC 

Cost: $29.95 - $35.00 for each title; includes a disk and a comprehensive teacher's guide; a set of six 

programs is discounted 

Description: Thejf . >nq>i!ter software programs provide an interesting approach to the subject of careers for 
even diist hard-to-m ivate students. Students read at their own speed and answer multiple- 
choice questi(His. Graphics and sound enhance the learning r>rocess. The six programs are 
caUed: "Self-Concept," "How to Get and Hold a Job," "The Job and You," "New on the Job," 
"Interviewing," and "Part-Time Jobs." Real-world topics and branching make this program espe- 
cially suitFMe for the older bdS::: student Wnnen on both third and fifth grade reading levels, 
these programs bnuich to die lower reading level when incorrect responses indicate the need 



Software for Career CounseUng 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



Job Search Skills 



ASSESSING SPECIFIC EMPLOYABILITY SKILL COMF^TENCIES 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intmded Users. 
Contacl(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program provides pre- and post-assessments of participants* miderstandings of 6 major 
competencies in employment hunting. 

Apple n, m; TRS-80 Models m. IV; IBM PC. XT. AT 

High school students 

Education Associates 

$79.95 for each pre- or post-test disk, backup paper documentation and a backup disk 

Employability skills considered are: establishing goals, developing resumes, finding job 
openings and foUowing up job leads, completing job applications, interviewing for a job and 
keeping a job. Tests are not ncMrned. True-false and multiple-choice questions aie answered 
and scored by the c(xnputer. Results can be printed. 



CAREER PASSPORT 



Summary: This is a career counseling and resume program for higft school students which displays a 
student's enq)loyability in enq)loyer terms. 

Hardware: Apple He. He. EOS. and most Apple compatibles, requires two disk drives; hard drives and 
RAM cards can be used; requires a printer 

Intended Users: High school students, grades 10 and up in programs for college preparation, general studies, 
vocational preparation, special educaticxi, or Job IVaining Partnership Act (JTPA) programs 
Career Passp(»t Associates 



Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



$395.00 Kludes instruction manual, sample forms, reproduction masters, and software; 
$5.00, demonstration packet (price credited to purchase) 

This program guides students to create pers(xializeJ "passports" which display their career and 
job plans, education and training, job skills, job experience— including family 
responsibilities— and a personal sUtement and reference?. The finished "passport" assists 
teachers and counselors in career counseling and serves as a resume for job-seeking. The 
iwogram was developed by educators on advice from employers. (This description pertains to 
version 4.0 updated in 1987.) 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



Summary: 
Hardware: 



JOB APPLICATIONS and 
FINDING & FOLLOWING-UP JOB OPPORTUNITIES 



These comprehensive programs are part of the JOB WORLD SERIES. They introduce students 
to 1 5 sources for securing job qpenings. 

Apple n series, TRS-80, or IBM computer with 64K and one disk drive, and printer 

Intended Users: Junior high and high schools, community 'rolleges, placement centers, private counseling 
practices 

Contact(s): Education Associates 



ERLC 



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1^3 



Job Search Skills 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



Cost: $79.95 each 

Description: The skills and knowledge needed for completing job ^plications and finding employment are 
presented in a question and answer fmnat, interspersed with graphics. "Job Applications" also 
includes tips on responding to specific types of interview questions. Sources of job openings 
and following-up on job leads are also included Practice applications and review "quizzes" 
reinforce cmcepts. 

Note: Sec ScCiion m for a review of this program. 



JOB HUNTERS' SCAN IV 

Summary: JOB HUNTERS* SCAN IV helps individuals locate employers by cross-referencing 800 
occupations to Lhe telephcme directory yellow pages. 

Hardware: Appl,5 n series, 48K; JBM PC. 1 28K; optional printer 

Intended Users: riigh schoci students and placeinent counselors 

Contact(s): Careei Aids, Inc. (Apple only) 

National Educaticmal Software Services (Both Apple and IBM) 

Cost: $] 39.(\l, includes three diskettes and instructions 

Description: JOB HUN'^ERS' SCAN IV enables students to cross-reference over 800 occupations directly to 
m^or headings of the telephone directory yellow pages. Titles and codes in Standard 
Occupatiraial QassificatiOT (SOC), Standard Industrial ClassificaUon (SIC), and Classification 
of Instruction Programs (CEP) are used. Job hunting skills are covered as well as additional 
cross-references to educational programs and industries. Information may be printed out. (This 
description pertains to the version developed in January, 1986, This program is updated 
annually,) 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



JOB HUNTING SKILLS 

Summary: This high-interest, low level reading program provides real-life examples of job hunting 
situations. 

Hardware: Apple ^i, He; TRS 80 Models m. IV 

Intended Users: High school students 

Contact(s): Cambridge Career Product;^ 
CsiTcer Aids, Inc. 

Cost: $39.95 

Description: Students answer multiple-choice questions from examples and problems presented in story 
format Computer graphics and charts reinforce students' responses. Students will learn the 
vocabulary found on job plications as they leani how to read help wanted ads and prepare for 
an interview. An instmctor's guide provides objectives and discussion questions. Worksheets 
reinforce the material in the program. 



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135 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



Job Search Skills 



JOB READINESS COMPUTER PROGRAMS 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This series of four computer modules helps students with all aspects of job hunting and job 
survival. 

Apple n, ne, 48K, DOS 3.3; disk drive required 
Junior high and high school students 
CamMdge Career Products 

$62.45 for each program, includes disk and guide; complete set of four modules discounted to 
$229.80 ($199.95 frcHR Cambridge Career Products); backups included 

This series of oxnputer programs is designed to help students with all aspects of job hunting 
and job survival. A special branching technique coitrols the level of difTiculty based upon the 
level of the students' responses. 

Job Readiness Attitude Assessment gives students a score showing their chances for job 
success based upon an assessment of their attitudes. Frequent feedback provMes positive 
reinforcement and q)p(vtunities to change attitudes for the better. 

Filling Out Job Applicati(Mis increases confidence by leading learners step-by-step through 
specific parts of job applications. 

Successful Job Hunting teaches students how to dress i»'operly, arrive on time, create a positive 
impression through pioper behavior, and be ready for the various directions in which the 
interview may go. Students learn to view the interview as an opportunity to "sell" themselves. 

Resources Fch Job Hunting shows students how to fmd a job and where to go for assistance. 
Discusses job training, agencies, and other sources. 



MICRO JOB SEARCH TOOL KIT 



Summary: This is a complete job search package consisting of: THE RIGHT RESUME WRITER H, THE 
COVER LETTER, THE RIGHT JOB APPLICATION, and THE FOUR STAGES OF 
INTERVIEWING. 

Hardware: Apple n ^eries; IBM PC and compatibles 

Intended Users: High school students and adults 

Contact(s): Cai^er Develo{»nent Software 

Cost: $199.00, includes four disks and manuals 

Description: This package of software is useful for a job search. Four separate programs are included. See 
individual descriptions: THE RIGHT RESUME WRITER n, THE CO^/ER LETTER, THE 
RIGHT JOB APPLICATION, and THE FOUR STAGES OF INTERVIEWING. (This 
description pertains to the version developed in the Fall of 1986,) 



PLANNING GUIDE FOR JOB SEEKERS 

Summary: This is a three-disk program that helps job seekers plan and schedule job search activities. 
Hardware: Apple lie, He, IIGS (80 column card); IBM PC or compatibles 
Litended Users: Job placement specialists, job seekers 



136 



141 



Job Search Skills 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



C(»itact(s): Wintergreen Software 

Cost: $198.00, includes three program disks, two backups, manual, vinyl case 

Description: This program is designed to help job seekers leam how to manage their job search campaigns. 

It will help create a daily/weekly planner and evaluate the planner. It also provides information 
and tips (m bow to ccmplete basic job search activities. It is designed to be self-guiding. It can 
also be used as a tool to teach jd) search skills. {This description pertains to the version 
developed in 1986,) 

Note: See Secticm m lot a review/ of this Ingram. 



SUPER JOB SEARCH 



Summary: This program provides instruction and information to organize a job search or career change. 
Hardware: IBM PC and 100% compatible, 320 K RAM, dual drive or hard disk 
Intended Users: Job seeker, career-co^ iger, counseling iKOfessionals 
Contact(s) : Jamenair Ltd. 

Cost: $59.95 for the system and flnancial programs, 3 disks; $24.95 for word processing files, one 

disk; $22.95 for the book. Super Job Search, by Peter K. Studner 

Description: This software provides information and materials for a seven-day program. Individuals 
evaluate what they want to do and in ^at environment, list their accomplishments, leam to 
write a winning resume, develop a market plan, organize their personal network, leam to 
telemarket themselves, and carry out successful interviewing. It helps keep fmancial and 
contact records in order; makes master and subdirectories, mailing labels, and expense reports; 
tracks i^xme calls and letters necessary for the job search; and provides a 12-month cash flow 
^malysis, family net worth statement, and job-search cost stimates. The word proces5;ing files 
of the Super Job Search book (61 documents) enable users u) save time otherwise spent typing 
resumes, letters, and forms. The latter is available for WordStar 3.3 or ASCII files. 



VOCABULARY FOR THE WORLD OF WORK I OR H 

Summary: These are tutonal programs about key words needed in getting a job or in working. 
Hardware: Apple U; IBM PC 

Intended Users: Vocational education, English as a Second Language (ESL), special education. Adult Basic 
Education (ABE), and remedial reading suidents; Grades 3-4 reading level 

Contact(s): Intellecmal Software 
EISI 

Qu^e Software 

Cost: $44.95 Apple, $49.95 IBM; includes disk and workbook 

Description: The disk for WORLD OF WORK I contains 266 key words for job seeking or working, and 
WORLD OF WORK II includes 255 important words encountered in normal business offices. 
The program was written to be of high interest with a low reading level. 



Software tot Career Counseling 



137 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



Resumes 



CAREERPOINT RESUME WRITER 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost; 

Description: 



This program will create resumes in two different formats. 

IBM PC, 256K, printer 

High school students through adults 

Conceptual Systems, Inc. 

^ J95.00, includes software and user guide 

RESUME WRITER p.Dmpts the user to enter information about his/her work history, 
education* areas of effectiveness and other pertinent f&^ts. This data need only be entered once 
to produce both functional and chronological resumes. The program allows up to five resumes 
per person* which can be stored cm hard disk or personal flof^y. (This description pertains to 
the version developed in 1987,) 



CREATIVE RESUME 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



CREATIVE RESUME allows the user to create his/her own taiIor<made resume. 
Apple; IBM PC 

High school students through adults 
Education Associates Inc. 

$129.00, includes disk* one copy of Putting It in Writing, user's manual, and backup disk 

This program gives people the ability to create an attractive resume which best represents their 
abilities without having to fit personal information into an "existing" form. CREATIVE 
RESUi<4£ is flexible enough to be used by the first-time job seeker or the experienced 
IM'ofessi(Hud. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1987.) 

Note: See Section in for a review of this program. 



JOB HUNTER'S SURVIVAL KIT 

Summary: Two programs make up this kit. The SKILL ANALYZER helps an individual identify and 
emphasize specific job skills and RESUME WRITER custom designs a resume for each 
specific job. 

Hardware: Apple H, He, He; TRS-80 Models m, IV; IBM PC and compatibles 

Intended Users: High school and college students, displaced homemakers, career changers, volunteer workers, 
and handicapped/special populations 

Contact(s): Career Aids 

Computer Concepts, iRc/The Guidance Shoppe 

Cost: Apple, $159.95; IBM, $179.95; TRS-80, $159.95; may bi ordered on approval 

Description: SKILL ANALYZER: 

Introduction includes a discussion of what is meai^t by skill analysis and why it is important to 
know what skills you have. 



138 



U3 



Resumes 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



Skill Analysis takes any job or expe'ience and relates it to 26 skill areas through interaction in 
a siep-by-step procedure. It reviews each job entered and the skill areas used in the job. 

The program reviews each skill area and the skill descriptions within each. If the same skill has 
been used in several different jobs, the computer will search each job file and compile the 
descriptions from each identical skill area into one list This allows the ii^Jividuals to see their 
strongest skill areas and choose which ones they wish to emphasize. The program provides a 
printed copy of each job and the skill area used in that job. The skills are stored on disk and 
may be used by the identified RESUME WRITER to produce an unlimited number of resumes 
which may be focused toward any particular job or skill area. 

RESUME WRITER: 

Introduction explains the purpose of a resume and how it is used, provides resume writing 
guidelines, discusses three resume formats, and gives an example of how to restate job duties 
and acconq>lishments. 

There are eight resume categories from which to select The user chooses the ones he/she wants 
to include as well as the order in which intcxmation will be presented on the resunte. There is a 
choice of skill oriented, chronological, or combination format. Skill areas use skills identified 
on SKILL ANALYZER. 

(This description pertains to the revi ed version developed in 1986 J 



THE PERFECT RESUME COMPUTER KIT 

Summary: This is a resume-producing jHogram that may be used to actually teach resume writing skills or 
to simply jH-oduce a quick-i»1nt resume. 

Hardware: Apple He, He, IIGS; IBM PC or compatibles, printer 

Intended Users: High school and college students, career labs, job seekers 

Contact(s): Wintergreen Software 

Cost: $259.00, includes three-disk program, manual, user's handbook and markers, Tom Jackson's 

book. The Perfect Res^^me, vinyl case 

Description: This program by Km Jackscm and Bill Buckingham designs, lays out, and prints job-specific 
resumes. By using the self-paced options, the user can print a basic res ^ne in a simple format, 
or a detailed resume in a custom-designed fomfiat— -and any variation in-between. The user can 
also ask for assistance nitorials throughout the program, with referrals to The Perfect Resume 
book, ijhis description pertains to the version developed in 1987.) 

Note: See Section HI for a review of this program. 



RESUME! 



Summary: 
Hardware: 



This program composes resumes from information entered on job-application-style screens, 
highlights most marketable skills, and prints in a variety of formats. 

IBM PC, XT, AT, PCjr, or 100% compatible, 192K Memory. MS-DOS, one double-sided disk 
drive, 80 column letter quality printer 



Software for Career Counseling 



139 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



Resumes 



Intended Users: High school and college students, job seekers, career advancers 
Contact(s): North American InfoNet, Inc. 

Cost: $49.95, includes (xie disk, quick re Terence card, 3S-page user's guide printable from disk 

Description: RESUME! starts by asking about the user's skills, (300 provided on disk; ability to enter unique 
skills as well). RESUME! analyzes the data, then formats it into a variety of printable versions, 
identifying and highlighting the most marketable skills. It automatically produces 
chrcxK)logicaI and accomplishment resume fonnats, c(Hiq)lete ^'ith career objectives. The user 
can target fomiats to meet specific job searches. RESUME!, with its database and skill catalog, 
is also accessible by the user's wotd processor. It has an on-line help feature and example 
screens. Buyers can supplement the program with one or mem specific skill catalogs, such as 
AdministraticHVManagement, Educaticxi, Engineering, Health/Medical, etc. Twenty-five fields 
are available, each with at least 100 targeted skills. These are $12.95 each (or all 25 for 
$175.00). (T m description pertains to the version developed in 1986.) 



RESUME/APPLICATION MAKER SCAN IV 

Summary: This program is designed to aid students or adults in the preparation of resumes and job 
application letters. 

Hardware: Aiq>le n series, 64K; IBM PC, 128K 

Intended Users: High school students througfi adults 

Contacts): National Educational Software Services 

Cost: $69.00, includes disk and manual 

Description: Each proffam assists the individual in preparing resumes and letters of application which are 
specific to a particular job or employer. The program provides sample wording for a variety of 
situations which can be edited by the user. Suggesticxis and feedback are given throughout the 
program. The user may store the finished resume or letter for future use. Each individual can 
have a perscHial copy of this resume/aiq)lication word processing program. Copy license is 
limited to a school building or agency location at which the users are enrolled. (This 
description pertains to the version developed in June, 1987 ) 



THE RESUME: PRESENTING YOURSELF IN WRITING 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 



Students leam that an effective resume can be the key to obtaining a job interview. 

Apple n. He; IRS-SO Models m, IV; IBM PC, 64K 

High school students 

Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aid>, Inc. 
Education Associates 

$64.95 -$79.95 



ERJC 



140 



145 



Resumes 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



Description: Students actually develop and print out their own resL'mes based upon examples illustrating the 
four major parts of a resume. The importance of an acciirate, well-organized resume that 
represents tte job seeker is emphasized. 

Note: See Secticm m for a review of this program. 



RESUME PROCESSOR 

Summary: RESUME PROCESSOR is a program to i»-oduce professional-looking resumes. 

Hardware: Ai^e He, He; IBM onnpatiUe 

Intended Users: High school and college students, lilmuies, adults 

Contacl(s): Career Infcxmaticm and Software Associates 
Wintergreen Software 

Cost: $98.00» includes one disk with program; backup disk $ 1 S.OO 

Description: Choose from two formats: centered headiiigs or left margin headings. There are three types of 
resuLuief/ to cust(xnize: functional, stmctured or combinatioa The user can choose the order of 
topics to 9ippear. The manual has wodcsheets for rough drafts, with suggestions for presenting 
oneself in a positive maimer. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1984.) 



RESUMES MADE EASY 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



A student or adult receives a resume in a choice of two formats after inputting personal 
information. 

Ap[4e n, printer 

First time job seekers, career changers, high school students through adults; 3rd and 4th grade 
reading level 

Career Aids 
Photocom 

$54.95, includes one disk and backup, guide 

The omversational style of this program motivates the student to think about resumes. The 
student provides the information, and the program automatically creates a functional or 
chronological resume. A printout is made at the end of the program. 



RESU-RITER 

Summary: This program provides letter-quality resumes and cover letters. 
Hardware: IBM PC or compatible, 256K 
Intended Users: Ages 16 through adult 



Software for Career Counseling 



141 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



Resumes 



Contact(s): Cambridge Career Products 

Cost: $ 1 S9.00, includes diskette aiKi extensive documentation 

Description: This software provides letter quality resumes and cover letters to aid in the job search. It 
(X-ganizes and formats educaticmal infcxmation and career experience. Extensive on-line help 
screens provide tips oc how to jxesent data as well as acceptable grammar and style to use. 
This program also stores dau on disk for future use and modification. Two separate resume 
sections are mcluded. one designed specifically for high school students and the other for 
college students, graduvites and adult job seekers. The user keys in infomiation such as name, 
dddress and phone number, educational information, work experience, special skills, future 
goals, cover letters, and interests. Resumes can be printed in various formats. The Cover Letter 
section prints out three different types of letters: 1 ) responding to an advertisement, 2) job lead 
has been furnished and 3) random choice of a company name. (This description pertains to the 
version developed in 1986.) 



THE RIGHT RESUME WRITER I 



Summary: Students prepare for the job market by compiUng three kinds of resimies. This is suitable for 
beginniiig to intermediate levels of job search experience. 

Hardware: Apple n, 48K; TRS-80, 48K; IBM PC; disk drive and printer required 

Intended Users: High sdKX>l students 

Contact(s): Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids, Inc. 
Career Develofxnent Software 
K*12Micn)Media 
Opportunities for Learning 

$59.00, includes one disk, manual 



Cost: 
Description: 



Two activity programs provide practice in writing professional-looking resumes. The 
Cluonological Resume is for individuals with a stable work history. Entering biographical data 
into ^he craiputer produces a resume that emphasizes a predictable, steady work pattern with 
consistcul advancement. "Career changers" benefit more from the Skills Resume which 
focuses on the wide range of talents a prospective ai^licant has acquired. The user is assisted 
with an introduction {mgram that conmiunicates hints and tips for effective marketing of 
experiences in the job search jrocess. The Professional Resume emphasizes flexible headings 
including selected accomplishments, seminars/workshops/conferences, educational 
background, and work experi^ce. (This description pertains to the revised version developed 
in 1986.) 



142 



147 



Resumes 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



THE RIGHT RESUME WRITER H 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cdst: 

Description: 



This software features word processing qualities wlii ,h allow advanced users to create, 
customize and print out four types of resumes. 

Apple n series; IBM PC and compatibles 

High school students through adults 

Career DevelqMnent Software 

$98.00» includes two disks, $anq)le resumes, and tutorial disk 

This resume writer includes a space saving line C(xidense feature, justified right margins, word 
wrap and integrated editing features that enaUe users to edit as they work. The user can choose 
from ten pre-fnmatted input headings and can create nearly unlimited responses to die 
categories. It will print four types of resumes: chnxiological, skill-oriented, title-oriented, and 
unique. (This description pertains to the revised version developed in 1987.) 



^ Software for Career Counseling 

ERIC 



143 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



Applications and Cover Letters 



CAREER MANAGEMENT PARTNER 

Summary: This is a software package designed to facilitate a job search by professicxial adults. 
Hardware: IBM PC and ccxnpatibles 

Intended Users: Professionals who may need executive recruiter database 

Contact(s): Cambridge Career Products 
Scientific Systems 

$129.00, includes software packp.gc; also includes Job Search Techniques guide by Nancy 
Bove, Director of Placement for Yale I niversity School of Organizaticm and Management 

This i^ogram allows the use of wor^ processing to create, edit, {Mint and store letters, proposals 
and resumes. It c(Hitains a database of 100 leading executive recruiting fums (expandable to 
500 names). It has information retrieval and mail merging capabilities using database and 
letters. It provides formats for resumes. Its data communicaticms capabilities enable it to use 
electronic mail and pubUc access job listings. 



COMPANY CONNECTIONS: THE COVER LETTER 

This {HOgram helps job seekers write cover letters to prospective employers. 
Apple H; TRS-80; IBM PC; printer recommended 
High school students throu^ adults 
Camlnidge Career Products 
$49.00, includes one disk and manual 

The program explains the objectives and functions of a cover letter. It also presents information 
about job clusters such as creators, investigators, or influencers with sample companies and 
organizations appropriate to the values of helping, prestige, etc. 



THE COVER LETTER 

Summary: This is a formatted cover letter that prompts students to fill in key elements. It shows the 
importance of having a cover letter. 

Hardware: Apple n series; IBM PC and cmipatibles; TRS>80 Models m, IV 

Intended Users: High school students and older 

C(mtact(s): Career Development Software 

Cost: $59.00, includes one disk and manual 

Description: This program teaches the major sections of a cover letter and enables the user to produce an 
actual cover letter to send with a resume. Several examples are given to help the user 
understand the organiir^tion and purpose of a cover letter. fThis description pertains to the 
version developed in Spring, 1984.) 



Cost: 

Description: 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



ERJC 



143 



Applications and Cover Letters 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



JOB APPLICATIONS: ANSWERING THE EMPLOYER'S QUESTIONS 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



Students leara tiie techniques of filling out a job {^plication. 

Apple n, He; TRS-80 Models IV, fflM PC, 64K 

High school students 

Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids, Inc. 
Educatim Associates 

$64.95. $79.95 

This jmgram familiarizes the student with the terms frequently used on applications and 
teaches the impcMtance of answering open-ended questions accurately and concisely. Actual 
cm-screen applicatiCHis enable students to practice their newly acquired skills. 



LETTERWRITER FOR JOB SEEKERS 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This is a program to help users write letters of application, thank you letters and letters of 
inquiry. 

Af^le nc, ne 

High school students through adults 

Career Information and Software Associates 
Wintergreen Software 

$69.00, includes one disk with manual $1 5.00; backup disk 

Users can choose to use standard structured letters in the program by filling in the blanks with 
personal infcxmation— or they can write their own letter with helpful hints from the program as 
they type. Users can choose the letter format. The program remembers die addressee and will 
type the envelope, too. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 



THE RIGHT JOB APPLICATION 

Summary: % s software takes the user from understanding the parts of an application to filling out a 
{ mpie job application. 

Hardware: Apple n series; IBM PC and compatibles 

Intended Users: High school students through adults 

Contact(s): Care^ Develc^ent Software 

Cost: $59.00, includes one disk and manual 

Description: Using tutorial and interactive screens, the program helps the user distinguish between effective 
and ineffective answers. The major parts of a job jpplication are explained and many examples 
are offered. There is also a quiz which asks the user to fmd errors in sample applications. (This 
description pertains tr the version dtiveloped in 1985,) 



Software for Career Counseling 



145 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



Interviewing 



THE FOUR STAGES OF INTERVIEWING 

Summary: This program introduces the four stages of interviewing and provides multiple-choice questions 
from typical interview situations. 

Hardware: Apple n series; IDM PC and compatibles 

Intended ^Jsers: High school students aiKl older 

Contact(s) : Career Development Software 
EISI 

Cost: $7^ 00, includes one disk and manual 

Description: Taken from the MICRO ART OF T^ TE^VIEWING, this program provides the user with 
typical interview siniations and ask .to choose the best course of action. The rour 

stages of interviewing are thorough.^ ^ored and concepts can easily be converted into 
classroom discussion. The four stages are: The Reception/Acceptance, The Interrogation, The 
Your-Tura, and The Leave-Taking. A video is available to use with the program, if desired. 
(This description pertains to the revised version devebped in Spring, 1986.) 



INTERVIEW SCENARIOS 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s)^ 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program presents the us^* with muU^ple-choice scenarios that higluight the fear stages of 
interviewing. 

Apple n series; IBM PC and compatibles; TT SO Models m, IV 
High school students and older 
Career Development Software 
$79.00, includes one disk and manual 

The user is presented with several real-life scenarios from actual work settings. From these 
scenarios, the user is asked to choose an appropriau; course of action when presented with a 
case study. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1986,) 



THE MICRO ART OF INTERVIEWING 



Summary: This program helps prepare students for a job interview and the stress they may encounter. 

Hardware: Apple n/ne, 48K, DOS 3.3; TRS-80 Models IH, IV, 48K; IBM PC 

Intended User . Secondary and post secondary school students 

Contar»(s) : Cranbridge Career Products 
Career Aids, Inc. 

Career Development Software (CDS) 
Conover Company 
K-12MicroMedia 
Oppor^Jnities for Learning, Inc. 



146 



151 



Interviewing 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



Cost: $79.00, single-year ve/sion (Cambridge Career Products); $150,00, includes free annual 

updates, user's manual, and courseware exercises; (CDS incl jdes an extra disk of Interview 
Scenatios.) 

IX ription: Through this four-^art computer program, students learn interviewing techniques and the kinds 
of stress they will encounter v hile i: ttxviewing. 

The "Worst Interview in History" is a tongue-in-cheek introduction to everything that can go 
wrong in an interview 

The "Four Stages of Interviewing" divides interviews imo four stages: the "reception- 
acceptance" suge discusses how to make a good first impression; the "interrogation" stage 
shows what questions to prepare to answer; the "your turn" stage discusses questions the 
students should ask the interviewer; and the "negotiation/leave-taking" stage shows how to 
negotiate for salary and follow-up measures. 

"Skill Identification" deals with 126 key words employers look for in the interview and the 
resume. 

"Interview Stress" discusses the causes of stress and what can be done about stres^ This 
section will help students identify illegal questions and how to answer them, such as "Have you 
ever been fired?" 

A "Computer Generated Skills Resume" (from CDS) prepares a hard-copy resume. 
(This program is revisea ^nnually,) 



SUCCESSFUL INTERVIEWING 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Conta€t(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



Using this program, students become familiar with the job interview. 

Apple n. He; TRS-80 Models m, IV; IBM PC, 64K 

High school students 

Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids, Inc. 
Education Associates 

$64.95 -$79.95 

This program describes the importance of being on time and ;jhows how to prepare for an 
interview. The importance of good grooming and follov;ing up the interview are discussed. 
Students learn that having a positive attitude is a key factor to selling themselves to employers. 
Students answer standard interview ques:dons and are presented with possible responses' 



^ Software for Career Counseling 



147 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



Placement 



COMP SCaN 

Summary: COMi^ SCAN helps an organization identify and prioritize competencies so as to evaluate 
positions und employees. 

Hardware: IBM PC 

Contact(s): Concq)tual Systems 

Cost: $1.500.00 -$2,500.00 

Description: COMP SCAN assumes managers know the critical competencies required for success. It 
presents a technique to harness, organize, and use this informatioa A survey is taken of 25 
OMnpetencies and related skill clusters, and narrowed to focus on ten critical competencies. In 
Step 2 managers rate the critical competencies against eadi other. This yields a (vofile unique 
to the organizaticm and each department This can be v'^^d to compare departments, managers, 
divisions, etc. to increase prctfits arid profitability. Individual positions can also be assessed and 
employees can describe thel.^ own performance. This can yield useful data for effective 
performance appraisals, training needs, succession plarming, career development, and 
pricMltizing areas r^eeding attention. 



THE COUNSELOR'S ORGANIZER 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



With this software the counselor can organize a resourc file of local businesses participating 
in work experience, internships, worksite obser\'ation, job placement, or informational 
interviewing. 

Apple n; TRS-80 Models m, IV; IBM PC 
Counselors 

Occupational Awareness 

$59.95, includes master and backup disk, duplicate masters for forms and letters, code list 
chart, instructions, bindr-* 

This program contains the guidelines aiKl forms necessary for students to contact key business 
ptoplt in the community. Students learn to survey and interview businesses to obtain duta. The 
information is entered into the computer in a format cmtaining address, phone, key person, 
occ national area, and "extent of involvement" codes. Future correspondence can take 
adv^.tage of the mailing label feature. 



JOB BANK 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 



From a database of employment opportunities, individuals are matched to jobs in the school 
and community. 

Apple n series, 64K; IBM PC, PCjr., 128K; printer 

Individuals or groups 

Career Aids, Inc. 
Intellectual Software 



Placement 



FIND WG AND KEEPING A JOP 



Cost: $95.00, includes one disk and documentation 

Description: Six files with 200 jobs each can be kept on the disk. Jobs are classified by location, type, rate 
of pay, hours and eight other categories. A printout of jobs that match the students* needs is 
produced. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 



J.O.B.S. 



Siuvmary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



JOB OPPORTUNITY BASED SEARCH (J.O.B.S.) provides tlie matching and placement 
components of the SAGE system after an individual has completed the testing and evaluation 
pcHtions. It consists of sever odividual and interrelated programs. 

TRS-80 Models HI, IV; Apple n/De; IBM PC and cwnpatibles 

Students, the dis&dvanUged, displaced woricers, and vocational rehabilitation clients* workers 
compensati(Mi, industry 

PESCO 

$950.00, JB 100 ( Jisks, manual, job profile forais); $1,500.00, SD 200; $485.00, SB 101 (two 
disks, manual, jolj data coUecUcHi forms); $485.00, CB 105; $950.00, JB 102; $65.00 per 1000, 
JB103; $950.00, JB 107 

J.O.B.S. DELUXE JOB TITLE MATCHING SYSTEM (JB 100) interfaces with Job Bank, 
Employer Bank and works with the D.O.T. Description Systeu. The dar-' -^^e contains between 
1,800 and 2,100 job ti^es depending on the computer system. 

SUPER DELUXE JOB TITLE MATCHING SYSTEM (SD 200) has the same specifications 
as the above, but contains the entire D.O.T. file of 12,375 job titles. It provides for the 
automatic combining of prior job history profiles to make a new job title search. 

JOB BANK SYSTEM (JB 101) interfaces with both the Job Tide Matching System and Client 
Bank or car (^rate alone. The student/client profile is matched against local job opportunities 
which the user enters. Information contained consists of company address, phone number, 
salary, and training or experience required. 

CLIENT/STUDENT BANK (CB i05) stores cJient/smdent profiles and interfaces with Job 
Bank Systers all Job Title Matching Systems, and Training Bank System and permits the 
automatic matching of clients to jobs based on tested profile, training or past work history. 

TRAINING BANK SYSTEM (JB 102) permits Uie matching of student/client profiles to a 
training program by code to job titles within the training area and to facilities offering the 
training. 

EMPLOYER BANK SYSTEM (JB 103) interfaces with the JB 100 and the SD 200 Job Title 
matching systems to provide a listing of potential employers by SIC and zip code within areas 
selected by the user. It contains address, phone number, company name, and zip code. Users 
may add, update, or delete companies. Employers loaded an disk are based on a minimum 
purchase of 5,000. 

DOT DESCRIPTION SYSTEM (JB 107) provides a description of job tides broken down into 
tasks for the JB-100 Deluxe Job Title Matching System. 



^ftwaie for Career Counseling 



149 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



Placement 



SKELLSBANK 



Summary: 

Hardware: 

Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program identifies individuals whose experience matches selected criteria such as job 
skills, languages, work, etc. 

IBM PC, AT, XT, and ccmipatibles, hard-drive or floppy, 2S6K memory, MS-DOS, printer for 
repeats and resumes 

Human Resource Management (rdvate and pubuc), personnel placement, vocational outlets, 
career counselors, educators 

North American InfoNet, Inc. 

$495.00, includes 3-disk program, hard cover manual, data collection forms 

SKILL$BANK is sophisticated software designed to select the perfect candidate to fill position 
openings. SKILL$BANK searches a co.nprehensive personal history database, locating 
talented individuals with specified skills, education, and work experiences. It assists in 
identifying placement needs, supporting in-house team building, and career development. 
SkillSbank provides a variety of rqxHts including skill comparisons, skill profiles, resumes in 
three flexible fcxmats, and executive summary biobriefs. lliis is suitable for companies and 
services charged with locating the ideal person for a particular job or task. (This description 
pertains to the version dts^eloped in 1985,) 



ISO 



Job Success Skills 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



CAREER QUIZ: SUCCEEDING IN THE WORLD OF WORK 

Siunniary: This program covers nine topics to help students i .cpare for the working world. 

Hardware: Apfie lie, lie, 48K 

Intended Users: High school students and older 

Contact(s): Career Aids 

Cost: $39.95, includes one disk and manual 

Description: Students learn what to expect on their jobs and how to perform successfully. THE CAREER 
QUIZ contains multiple choice and true/false questions in the following areas: Job 
Applicaticms and Interview Techniques; Work Attitudes, Values and Goals; Work Habits; 
Career Clusters; Schoding and lYaining; Employee-Empioyer Relationships; Communicating 
on the Job; Advancing on the Job; and Paycheck Math. 



COMMUNICATION: YOUR BRIDGE TO OTHERS 

Summary: This program discusses verbal and non-verbal communication— plus written 
communication— in seeking and keeping a job. 

Hardware: Api^e H, HI; TOS-80 Model IH, IV; IBM PC, AT, XT 

Intended Users: High school students 

Contact(s): Education Associai ^ 

Cost: $79.95. includes disk and 2 copies of "Expressing Yourself Through Effective Communication*' 

and a backup disk 

Description: This program describes verbal and non-verbal communication and the importance of each on 
the prospective employer. It iMovides tips for effective written messages— letters of application, 
follow up letters, memos, etc.— and covers other on-the-job communication with sub^dinates, 
co-workers, and bosses. In sample situations, the user determines the most effective 
communication techniques. 



THE CORPORATION JOB GAME 

Summary: In this game, students climb three career ladders in a corpwation to learn job maintenance. 

Hardware: Apple H, He. 3K, DOS 3.3; TRS-80 Model m, 48K; IBM PC, 48K (disk drive required); IBM 
PC,64K 

Intended Users: Junior high and high school students 

Contact(s): Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids, Inc. 
Career Development Software 
The Ccviover Conq>any 
K-12MicroMedia 
Opportunities for LeaMing 



Software for Career Counseling 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



Job Success Skills 



Cost: $79.00 for single year version (Cambridge Career Products); $150.00 for four disks and one 

user's manual plus courseware exercises with annual updates 

Description: The object of th?s microcon^niter simulation of corporate life is to teach job maintenance. 

Students learn how to keq) their jobs and advance in the organization. They attempt U vlimb 
three career ladders within an imaginary company. Rungs in the career ladder represent 
problems that must be solved and oxiflicts that must be resolved. Three imaginary characters 
represent high demand career areas: sales/marketing, data processing/accounting, and 
engineering^oduction. Each character has 9 to 12 situations to master. Students v/ill be 
awarded ''power points" based on their answers and "energy p^^ints** that will allow movement 
up the career ladder, (Tfus program is updated annually,) 



E.S.P. . . . THE BASICS OF LEADERSHIP AND SUPERVISION 

Summary: Three interrelated programs for those v^o want to become leaders or successful supervisors. 
Hardware: Apple n series; TRS*80 Models m, IV; IBM PC 

Intended Users: Advanced high school students, college students, and those in supervisory positions 
Contact(s): Cambridge Career Products 

Career Development Software 
Cost: $99.00 

Description: EXPECTATIONS. SKILLS. PAYOFFS (E.S.P.) was written for students who want to become 
leaders, new supervis(xs, or managers who want to review the basics of supervision. It can 
cushion the transition from woiker/student to leader through the use of anticipatory concepts 
and problem solving visualization. Using case studies and other formats, the students are 
confronted with a variety of real life situations and choices. 

The E.S.P. package consists of three programs. "Expectations." or how to communicate 
expectaticms on the job. deals with the three major issues confronting every leader: power 
struggles, ambiguous words, and crystal balling. "Skills" gives specific administrative steps 
supervisors need to use when planning departme.ital goals--the how. what. who. v'hen. and 
wVre. "Payoffs" helps the user understand what really motivates workers. Four reasons why 
people work are mastered: security, power, achievement and recognition. 

After each program, the student is quizzed. Unless 70% mastery is reached, he/she must 
review. At the conclusion of all three programs, the student or employee may take the fmal 
e/.ani. This is a multi-item test that measures retention of the major concepts. The results are 
then placed in a file on the disk. Via a special password, the teacher or supervisor may review 
the file at any time to see how the student is doing. (This description pertains to the revised 
version developed in 1985,) 



EVALUATING THE PARTICIPANT'S EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS 

Summary: This program contains pre- and post-tests to evaluate the user's understanding of the 
employment process. 

Hardware: Apple; TRS-80 Models m. IV; IBM PC and cor^patibles; printer 

Intended Users: High school students 



Job Success Skills 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



Contact(s): Education Associates 

Cost: $89.95, includes oat disk, p2^r backup documentation, anc backup disk 

Description: Pre- and post-tests contain 50 non-duplicated true-false, multiple-choice questions (answered 
and scored on the computer) plus a printout of completion-type questions for student use. The 
latter will aid the instructor in judging the participant's writing, organizational and 
communication skills. This program is designed to be used with the Job World series or any 
employability skills training program. 



EXPECTATIONS CN THE JOB 



Summary: This program discusses the expectations of employers and co-woiicers on the new job. 

Hardware: Apple H, m series; TRS-80 Models m, IV; IBM PC, AT, XT 

Intended Users: High school students 

Contact(s): Cambridge Career Products 
Education Associates 

Cost: $64.95- $79.95 

Description: This is an interactive program to introduce the ways to keep a job and develop oneself 
successfully. It stresses the importance of having good attitudes, work habits, proper 
communication, and woricing relationships. (This description pertains to the version developed 
in 1985.) 



FIRST DAY ON THE JOB 

Summary: This program stresses the imp^irtance of making a good first impression on the job through 

proper grooming and work att tudes. It uses simulation cf job situations and decision-making. 
Hardware: Apple Tie 

Intended Users: Middle school students through adults 

Contact(s): Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids 
EISI 

Cost: $44.95 for disk and Guide ($54.95, Career Aids). Lab packs of five disks for $84.95. The JOB 

SUCCESS SERIES from EISI includes: "First Day on the Job," "Looking Good," "Your Work 
Habits," and "Your Personal Habits." All four are $219.95 (includes backups). 

Description: This program discusses the inip^^nance of making a good impression on the job from the very 
first day. It covers appropriate clothmg, grooming, and arriving on time, as well as the 
importance of understandliig instructions given the first day and what to do if information is 
not understood. It also covers possible feelings the worker might have on the first day and how 
to d ^ with them. A simulation allows the learner to select a specific job situation (factory, 
restaurant, office) and then make various decisions regarding conditions that are likely to occur 
during early periods of employment. 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



Job Success Skills 



LIVING WITH YOUR PAYCHECK 

Summary: This program focuses on figuring pay with deductions, developing a budget, and using 
financial institutions and credit 

Apple n, m series; TRS-80 Models m. IV; BM PC. AT. XT 

High school students 

Cambridge Career Products 
Educaticm Associates 

Cost: $64.95 - $79.95. includes a disk and two copies of Using Your Paycheck Wisely 

Description: The program provides examples of calculating gross pay. deductions and net pay and calculates 
anticipated expenses and income to set budget. It also examines services of bviks and financial 
instituticHis mi covers establishing credit, repaying loans and using credit cards wisely. (This 
description pertains to tne version developed in 1985,) 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 



LOOKING GOOD 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This Ingram gives instructions on building a wardrobe for working. 
Apple n; IBM PC 
Grade 10 through adult 
EISI 

$59.95. iiKludes disk and backup 

To prq)are for that first job. students need to know how to dress appropriately. This program 
gives instruction cm dressing right for a variety of jobs, grooming, care of clothing, principles 
of style and color, and choosing a wardrobe. 



MANAGING FOR SUCCESS 

Summary: This is a program allowing t^** user to simulate being the head of a $100,000,000 business and 
to learn to make good management decisions. 

Hardware: IBM PC 

Intended Users: High school students wd up 

Contact(s) : Blue Chip/Brittanica Software 

Cost: $59.95. includes disk and guide 

Description: As the Chief Executive Officer of a big company, the computer user bams that decisions are 
based on business capabilities, market climate, competition, company goals, and staff input. 
The program simulation can be customized to the site. 



Q 154 



Job Success Skills 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



MANAGING FOR SUCCESS SERIES 

Summary: These interactive programs help define careers and personal goals. 
Hardware: Apple n series; BM PC. PCjr.; 'nuidy 1000 
Intended Users: Grade 10 through college 
Contact(s): CBS Interactive Learning 

Cost: $89.95 per program; includes program guide and teacher's notes 

Description: Managing For Success: Career Planning— Users examine their own career experience and 
assess their job skills. Users examine their current and ideal woiking environment as well as 
personal needs, wants, and expectations. The program covers interviewing, resumes, and cover 
letters. 

Managing For Success: Delegation, Tmie, and Tasks — ^Through analysis of their current use of 
time, assessments, time logs, and **to do*' lists, users can gain control of their time and use it 
productively. They learn to se^ priorities, develop task lists, formulate schedules, and create 
personal time management, lliere is an emphasis on group dynamics and conducting 
successful meetings. 

Managing For Success: People Management— Through self-paced instruction and exploration 
of case studies, users become better and mcx-e effective managers of people. Shidents assess 
their own management behaviOT and cc»npare results to how others perceive them. Simulated 
one-to-one and group settings teach leadership skills with emphasis on building 
communication skills ami iq;^lying them to perscmal situations. 

r anaging For Success: Personal Develq^ment — ^Beginning with an analysis of how man: gers 
fuix:tion and vAm qualities define a good manager, users embark upon an assessment of their 
attitudes toward management and managing others, learning to pinpoint their own strengths 
and weaknesses. 

Managing For Success: Problem Solving, Stress and Conflict— This program begins with an 
examinaticm and analysis of the roots of stress and conflict. It helps users develop their own 
personal stress profile and pinpoint stress fact(KS in their lives. They dev^^lop action plans for 
swift and effective ccmflict resolution. 



ON-THE-JOB COMMUNICATION 

Summary: Students will leam about the importance of on-the-job communication. 

Hardware: Apple n. He; TRS-80 Models m, IV 

Intended Users: High school suidents 

Contact(s): Cambridge Care«- Products 
Career Aids, Inc. 

Cost: $39.95 

Description: Practical exercises wil! prepare students for the demands of the job, reading on the job, looking 
up information, and understanding job forms and vocabulary. Suidents solve real-life problems 
presented in st(My fomiat with multiple-choice questions presented at the end of each vignette. 
A teacher*s guide includes instructional objectives; supplementary materials provide 
reinforcement of subject matter. 



Software for Career Counseling 



ICO 



155 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



Job Success Skills 



POSITIVE ATTITUDES TOWARD WORK 



Summary: This [H'ogram promotes a positive attitude and self-concept as important elements of workplace 
success. 

Hardware: Apple; TRS-^0 Models m. IV: IBM PC, AT, XT 
Intended Users: High school students 
Contact(s): Education Associates 

Cost: $79.95, includes disk, two copies of Your Attitudes Make a Difference, and a backup disk 

Description: This program examines values and attitudes of why people work and how these factors 
contribute to decisicHis faced within the job. It i»ovidcs several case studies for the user to 
choose the most ai^priate attitude to display. (This description pertains to the version 
developed in 1985.) 



STARTING A NEW BUSINESS 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



With this software, students learn the decisions that mus^ be made upcm starting a new 
business. 

Apple n; IBM PC 

High school students through adults 

Intellectual Software 

$59.95, includes one disk 

The users of this simulation learn to make decisions such as trade name, partnerships, 
inc(»poration, budgeting, marketing, inventory, advertising, hiring employees, raising capital, 
recordkeeping, taxes, and insurance. Correct decisions lead to great wealth; wrong decisions 
can result in bankruptcy. 



WINSIGHT PROGRAMS 



Summary: This is a collection of 12 programs that help the user solve job-related problems or build 
management skills. 

Hardware: IBM PC and compatibles, 256K, DOS 2.1 or higher, 5 1/4" or 3 1/2" disks 

Intended Users: Students, educators, counselors, anyone interested in self-improvement 

Contact(s): Winsight, Inc. 

Cost: $100.00, includes disk 

Description: Programs now developed are: 

1. EXTEND YOUR PERSONAL INFLUENCE 

2. IDENTIFY THE RIGHT PRIORITIES 

3. IMPROVE KEY RELATIONSHIPS 



Job Success Skills 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



4. MAKE MEETINGS PRODUCTIVE 

5. KEEP YOUR PEOPLE MOTIVA'^ T 

6. BUILD CLIENT SATISFACTION 

7. HELP YOUR BOSS GET AHEAD 

8. ANTICIPATE EMERGING PROBLEMS 

9. DEFINE PROJECT OBJECTIVES 
10. FIND HIDDEN OPPORTUNITIES 
IL ISOLATE THE "REAL" PROBLEM 
12. DEVELOP A SELLING ARGUMENT 

These can be used alone, in conjunction with an executive training program, or as 
reinfcMcement^Mractice after training. The software emphasizes three steps: 

A. understand the value and scope of the issue, 

B. generate aiqprq)riate ideas and respcxises, and 

C. evaluate them and develq) an acticm plan from the altematives. 

Prwnpts and questicms draw out the user's best judgment, experience, and imagination. The 
"expert" method of inquiry guides the user to break the process into manageable steps. All 
instructions are on the disk. 



WORKING: TODAY AND TOMORROW 

Summary: This is an interactive, five-diskette software program that will prepare students for entering the 
world of work. 

Hardware: Apple n series 

Intended Users: High school students and those in cooperative, distributive, aiid career education 
Contact(s): EMC Publishing 

Cost: $ 1 58.00, includes five diskettes and program guide 

Description: WORHNG: TODAY AND TOMORROW uses a combination of graphics, tutorials, and 
simulations to help sttidents attain their occupational goals. The first disk is "Exploring Your 
Job Options.** Students identify their interests and skills and through simulation try out several 
job clusters. The second di* is **The Job Hunt,** where they get experience in applying for, 
intei viewing for, and getting a job. Disk three is "On ihe Job.** Students practice solving 
problems and making decisions in situations and learn that certain behaviors lead to 
I^-omotiras and challenging avenues. On the fourth disk, *'0n Your Own Money/* students 
leam to make perscHud financial management decisions based on different situations. The fifth 
disk is *Ters(xial Money Manager.** The student can enter his/her actual or hypothetical income 
and expenses to create a budget Variables produced by the computer can upset these plans. 
Students leam how to plan and manage their financial affairs. (This description pertains to the 
version developed in March, 1986.) 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



Sof yare for Career Counseling 



157 



FINDING AND KEEPING A JOB 



Job Success Skills 



YOUR PERSONAL HABITS FOR JOB SUCCESS 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 



Description: 



Four job simulati(ms {^vide decision-making opportunities, an analysis, end an opportunity to 
change. 

Apple n, ne 48K, DOS 3.3; disk drive required 

Junior hig|i school students to adults 

Cambridge Career Products 

Career Aids, Inc. 

EISI 

$54.95 for one disk with backup and instruction guide from Cambridge and Career Aids; 
$59.95 from EISI. 

The Job Success Series boat EISI includes "Your Personal Habits for Job Success," "First Day 
on the Job," "Looking Good," and "Your Work Habits foe Job Success " All iour are $219.95. 

Students are challenged to make positive decisions through instmction specially designed to 
encourage good personal habits. Viewers use four on-the-job simulations to make their 
decisions. The computer then analyzes the choices made, and students ieam from their errors 
and find out bow to turn the choices into positive decisions. 



YOUR WORK HABITS FOR JOB SUCCESS 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 



Description: 



Students learo how attitude and performance ultimately affect job success. 
Apple n/ne, 48K 

Junior hi^ and high school students 

Cambridge Career Products 

Career Aids, Inc. 

EISI 

$54.95 frwn Cambridge Career Products and Career Aids, Inc * (with backup disk); $59.95 with 
backup from EISI. 

The Job Success Series from EISI includes "Your Work Habits for Job Success," "First Day on 
the Job," "Looking Good," and "Your Personal Habits." All four for $219,95, including backup 
disks 

Students are taught how to keep a job and develop habits that lead to receiving promotions. 
Simulated exercises give students a better understanding of what lies ahead in the job market. 
Worksheets and activity ideas provided in this computer program allow students to gain 
valuable insight, increase their awareness, and learn the key elements for achieving success. 



158 



163 



Software for 
Academic Advising 



STUDY SKILLS AND TIME MANAGEMENT 



BUILDING MEMORY SKILLS 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

F)escripuon: 



This program provides a tool designed to increase students* short-term memory capacity. 

Api^e series; IBM 

Junior high and high school students 

Microcomputer Educational Programs 

$69.95 

The program introduces and structures (H-actice in a four-step memorization skills process using 
(1) attention, (2) interest, (3) (^ganization, and (4) practice. Five secti(xis apply this process in 
"Woric Keys (use of key words)," "Quests (interest highlights)," ^Images (visual associations), 
"Sense Flights (use of bodily senses)," and "Mind Maps (develq)ing a main idea)." 

Note: See S^ .^ HI for a review of this program. 



HOMEWORKER 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Descriptior 



With HOMEWORKER, students l^am to organize their me, thoughts and study materials. 

Apple n, 6^:: :aM PC, i28k 

Grad ^942 
EISI 

$89.93, includes disk, student organizer, study accessories, manual, and study skills book 
This im)gram is composed of six integrated modules: 

1 . Textwriter — an easy-to-use word processor. 

2. Outliner — plans papers, outlines, and allows changing ideas. 

3. Hashcard Maker— ^eates cards cn screen or on printer. 

4. Calendar — for time management. 

5. Gradekeeper— records and projects grades and G.P.A. 

6. Computer — whelps calculate and convert scores. 



MANAGING YOUR TIME 

Summary: Students learn I^,v to use their time more productively by usir*^ schedules to plan the course o- 
their day. 

Hardware: Apple n, He, 48K 

Intended Users: Junior high and high school cf^dents 

Contact(s): Career Aids, Inc. 

Cost: $54.95 

Description: MANAGING YOUR TIME is both an instructional and functional program that keeps track of 
whatever it is asked to remember. It works like a daily calendar hut hz^ uie capabiliry of 



^ Software fcH* Academic Advising 

ERIC 



161 



STUDY SKILLS AND TIME MANAGEMENT 



highlighting appointment times that overlap to alert students of the conflict. This program 
teaches students how to plan their time, keep appointments, and become organized. The 
[H'Ogram's speed and level of difficulty are based on the commands of each student. 



PACESETTER 

Summary: PACESETTER shows smdents how to organize their ^ and develop good study/work habits. 
Hardware: Apple U, 1 28K 
Intended Users: Grades 6-12 
Contact(s): EISI 

Cost: $69.99 includes backup disk, teacher's and user's guides 

Description: In this program, users tackle a simulated project to send a spaceship to a planet. Later, they 
plan their own time by creating calendars to schedule homework, projects, appointments, 
smdy, and free time. Graphs provide visual feedback. Another disk is available to provide extra 
practice and activities (Pacesetter Projects I, $24.99). 



STUDY SKILLS 

Summary: This program is designed to help studcnL« with a low reading peiiormance level make better 
use of their study time 

Hardware: Apple n+ (48K minimum), Apple Dc, He, HGS; IBM PC, XT, AT computer or canpatible, 
2S6K minimum; CGA or Hercules graphics card with appropriate monitor 

Intended Users: Delinquent and predelinquent youth 

Contact(s): Microcomputer Educational Programs 

Cosi: Unavailable 

Description: This JM-Qgram focuses on self-a&sessment, practice activities, and positive encouragement. The 
smdeiHs' self-paced choices include: (A) Pretest, (B) Get Set!, (C) I learn best, (D) Active ears, 
(E) Smart notes, (F) Reading racer, (G) Math memos, (H) Posttest, and (I) Quit for n^v . Color 
graidiics add interest. 

Note: See Section HI for a review of this p »rogram. 



STUDY SKILLS AND JOB SUCCESS 

Summary: This software package includes two programs, "Why Stay in School?" and "Study and Work 
Habits." 

Hardv/are: Apple n series; IBM PC and compatibles 

Intended Users: Grade 8 and older 

Contact(s): Career Development Software 
EISI 



162 



STUDY SKILA.S AND TIME MANAGEMENT 



Cost: $ 1 49.00 fot both, $79.00 each; both programs include two di^ and m inual 

Description: "Why SUy in SchooP provides tutorials and scenarios for students to respond to, giving 
positive reasons why students should finish school. It assesses the student's personal, social, 
and leadership behavior. "Study and Work HaUt:^ ' emphasizes how good study skills lead to 
better work skills. Personal skills covered iiclude punctuality, meeting deadlines, and 
balancing social and study time. Examples of authority skills are taking orders, accepting 
criticism, being a team player, and fitting in with roles and rules. Socid skills to be learned are 
communication skills, becoming a team player, accepting differences, and group problem 
solving. Videos are available. 



STUDY SKILLS MODULES 

Summary: This is a computer-presented program to provide instruction on efficient study skills (behavior) 
and effective academic attitudes (motivation) for college students. 

Hardware: Api^e II+, He. Ife; IBM PC, XT, PCjr., 48K, one disk drive, no printer 

Intended Users: College-bound high school seniors and college students 

Contact(s): WFB Enterprises 

Cost: $550.00, includes ten 5-1/4" disks plus a manual 

Description: The ten disks {Hovide interactive instruction on Managing Time, Improving Memorj', Taking 
Lecture Notes, Reading Textbooks, Taking Examinations, Writing Themes and Reports, 
Making Oral Reports, ImfM-oving Scholastic MotivaticHi, Improving Interpersonal Relations, 
and Improving Concentraticxi. A study skills notebodc is also available ^o guide note taking 
activity as students proceed throujji die ten disks. (This description pertains to the revised 
version developed in 1987.) 



STUDY SKILLS TESTS 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Coiitact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



Tliis program is a computer administered and scored test for evaluating student knowledge 
about efficient study skills (behavior) and effective academic atutudes (motivation) for college 
success. 

Applfc n+, nc, ne; IBM PC, XT, PCjr., 48K, one disk drive., no printer 
College-bound high school seniors and college students 
WTB Enterprises 

$200.00, includes one 5-1/4" disk plus a manual 

The STUDY SKILLS TESTS may be used by counselors and instructors to evaluate a student's 
knowledge about efficient study skills (behavior) ,md effective academic attitudes (motivation) 
needed for college success. T^n subscc^s are provided in addition to a total study effectiveness 
score. The STUDY SKILLS TESTS are fully correlated witfi the concepts and metfiods 
presented in the STUDY SKILLS MODULES. (This description pertains to the version 
developed in 1984.) 



Software for Academic Advising 



163 



STUDY SKILLS AND TIME MANAGEMENT 



SURVEY OF READING AND STUDY SKILLS II and 
SURVEY OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDY SKILLS 



Summary: These two programs, one for college students and the other for high school students, diagnose 
study habits and attitudes, prescribe study inq)rovement activities, and monitor study skills 
fmiMro\ement. 

Hardware: IBM PC, XT, AT, an NCS Sentry 3000 Reader or a ScanTron OMR 1200 or 1300 Reader, and 
an 80-coIumn printer 

Intended Users: High school and college sradents 



Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



Personal Efficiency Programs 

Site Irense for each, $395.00, includes program diskfite, instructor guide, 50 student response 
forms; additi(Hial forms cost $50.00 foe 100 cm- $450.0) for 1 ,000 

On a machine-readable answer form, students respaid to 65 statements that describe study 
behavi(»s and attitudes ccxisideied important fc^ acadeniic success. A NCS or ScanTron leado* 
translates the answers to a ccHnputer which interprets and processes the information. The 
printer produces two imports for each student and two for the counselor/teacher. The student 
receives paragraphs describing his/her strengths and potential problems in 16 study skill areas, 
and a list of 50 reconuiiendations cust(Hn-designed each institution to reflect its study skills 
philosophy. Administrative reports mclude a class profile of potential {H^oblems by student 
liizi^c ^J^"^ a management record to monitor student progress toward completion of the 
reconmiendations. The {M'ogram also includes a Magscreen disk for students who require 
special help in reading the survey forms. 



WHY STAY IN SCHOOL? 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contacts): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This program uses tutorials and case studies to point out how the world of work requires a 
proper foundation. 

Apple n; IBM PC 

Grades 8-12 

CDS 
EISI 

$79.00 

This program is designed to be used as a tool for drop-out prevention. Students !eam about 
three se'«? of school habits that lead to success: Personal Habits, Social Habits, and Leadership 
Habits. The program emphasizes practical objectives and specific "how to" strategies to 
incri;ase the likelihood of the student staying in school. (This description pertains to the 
version developed in 1987.) 



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164 



FURTHER EDUCATION 



COLLEGE DIRECTIONS 



Summary: 

Hardware: 

Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 



Cost: 

Description: 



COLLEGE DIRECnONS is a four-diskette system designed to involve young adults in a 
systematic apima to choosing a two- or four-year college. 

Apple n series, DOS 3.3; TRS-80 Models m, IV, DOS L3, 48K; BM PC, 64K; two disk 
drives required; printer optiorial 

High school students 

Cambridge Career Products 

Career Aids, Inc. 

Career Development Software 

CoDOver Company 

EISI 

Jefferson Software 
K-12Microroedia 
Opportunities for Learning 
SVE 

$97.00 fOT the 2-year version and $99.00 for the 4-year > .rsicxi. $139.00 foe both 2- and 4-year 
versions. Periodic iqxlates are available. 

The 2-Year V^sicm of COLLEGE DIRECTIONS systematically allows college-bound young 
adults to screen and select the most appropriate 2-year school in terms of size, cost, location, 
wheelchair accessibility, curriculum, admission standards and more. It also allows the user to 
look up any 2-year school in its database of 1400 2-year colleges, vocational, technical, 
bus*** ^ schools and 2-year programs in a 4-year college in terms of the above criteria. Finally, 
it allows the user to create a plan to enter the 2-year school of his/her choice. The program also 
helps the us^ write a per lal letter of inquiry, a letter of acceptance, and a letter declining an 
offer to attend coi>ge. 

The 4-Year Version allows college-bound young adults to systerriatically screen and select the 
most 2^^)ropriate 4-year college in terms of size, cost, type, locatir i, wheelchair accessibilivy, 
curriculum, ROTC availability, admission standards, and more. It also allows the user to look 
up any iiKlividual 4-year school in its database of 1300 4-year colleges in terms of the above 
criteria. Routines that provide assistance in writing letters of inquiry and creating a budget of 
expenses are included. Finally, it allows the user to create a plan to enter the 4-year school of 
his/her choice. The program includes College Assessment, Analysis, Exploration, and 
Planning. The system keeps a record of the college selection criteria for up to 20 students 
which allows students to continue or revise their input at a later session. 



Summary: 



COLLEGE EXPLORER 



Students are queried fc heir preferences and can create a personal profile. 2,700 U.S. colleges 
and universities are in uie file. 



Hardware: Apple He, ne; IBM PC, XT 

Intended Users: College-bound students and guidance counselors 

Contact(s) : College Board Publications 

Cost: $189.00» includes disks in binder, a counselor manual, two student manuals, student worksheet, 

technical specifications, and a free current copy of The College Handbook. 



Software for Academic Advising 



16S 



FURTHER EDUCATION 



Description: The COLLEGE EXPLORER software program is totally self-instructive. An on-scieen student 
tut(Hial offers in-depth guidance on program use, search strategies, and what to do with the 
search results. The program allows for the use of only two active keys and the directional 
arrows, so students wcmt lose time making typing or program errors. The screens are easy to 
read, and an average session lasts only 20 minutes. 

COLLEGE EXPLORER is designed to help students build a college profile and quickly obtain 
a list of colleges that meet their specifications. The program allows users to search dirough its 
file using any all of the features moct often identified by students as important in choosing a 
college: 

• associate or bachelor's degree 

• collegf^ ^tting 

• curriculum choices 

• public/private, religious affiliation 

• geographic locaticm 

• coed/single sex 

• enrollment size 

• special programs and services 

• adm^ ssions selectivity 

• intercollegiate/intramural sports 

• <Hi-campus housing 

• student activities 

Withii. these 12 features, students may select from more than 600 options— including almost 
500 majws— in order to develop a highly personalized college profile. (This program is 
updated annually.) 

Note: See Section HI for a review of this program. 



COLLEGE HNDER 



Summary: 

Hardware: 

Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



COLLEGE FINDER allows students to defme and clarify the characteristics they want in a 
four-year college or university. 

IBM PC and compatibles, 256K, one drive; Apple n, 80-colunin card, upper/lower case, one 
drive; (specify 128K version or 64K version) 

Students seeking a college 

Chronicle Guidance 
CL\SA 

Wintergreen Software 

$299.00, includes disk, binder, counselor's manual, reproducible user materials 

This second generation program offers many features not found in other college search 
programs. After selecting from a comprehensive anay of criteria and majcxs, the user is asked 
to rate the importance of each criteria. COLLEGE FINDER then lists the best-matching 
schools— so there is always a list of matching colleges. The user can request specific 
informatiwi about any college (whether it is on the list or not). This makes it easy to rethink the 



ERLC 



FURTHER EDUCATION 



8c?ix:h criteria and clarify the importance of desired traits. Modifying the criteria and searching 
again is easy. (This description pertains to the version developed in November, 1987.) 

Note: See Section III for a review of this program. 



COLLEGE SCAN IV 

Summary: COLLEGE SCAN IV helps students narrow down their :.hoice of colleges to a selection based 
on their interests and needs. 

Hardware: AH)le n series; TRS-80 m, IV, IVP; IBM PC; Commodore 64 

Intended Users: High school s^ud^nts and other college-bound students 

Contact(s): Camtmdge Career Products 
Career Aids, Inc. 

Naticxial Educaticmal Software Services 
Cost: $195.00 

Description: COLLEGE SCAN IV helps students narrow their choice of colleges (from a database of over 
ISOO) to a selectioo based on their interests and needs. The data is compiled from the !jational 
Center for Educational Statistics and the College Admissions Data Handbook. Students 
independently set the various parameters of their search, and in less than IS minutes 
COLLEGE SCAN matches the choices of the user to the profile of each school. Over 457 
variables are coded to each instituticm, including programs of study, size, cost, location, 
academic environment^ student body characteristics, regulations, athletic program availabilir, 
and much more. After schools ha>'e been identified, the student can obtain a listing (hard copy 
if printer is available) of the information, which can be used to help decide if additional 
exploration of the schools is warranted. COLLEGE SCAN IV comes with a thorough 
informatim manual. Presently there are over 2000 users. (This program is updated annually.) 

Note: See Sectiw in frar a review of this program. 



COLLEGE SEARCH 



Summary: 

Hardware: 

Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



COLLEGE SEARCH is a program to identify colleges that match a student's academic, extra- 
curricular and social needs. 

IBM PC, XT, PCjr.; Apple n+. He, He, one or two drives, 64K, 80-column board; printer 
recommended 

High school students and those searching tea a college 
American College Testing Program (ACT) 
EUREKA 

Varies--disk, guidebook, worksheet (to reproduce) 

COLLEGE SEARCH contains information about more than 1400 two-year and 1700 four-year 
colleges according to IS key catefories, including inore than 360 characteristics. The student 
chooses characteristics in priority order. The progiam lists colleges matching these specifics. 
The student can continue the search by adding or deleting data until the list is of manageable 



Software Academic Advising 



17: 



167 



FURTHER EDUCAITON 



size. A worksheet helps students and parents organize their ideas before the computer session. 
(This description pertains to the version developed in 1987. An annual revision is available 
each September) 

Note: See Section IH for a review of this program. 



GUIDANCE COUNSELOR: COLLEGE SEARCH 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



Detailed information on over 2,S00 schools is contained in this program. 

Apple n, nc, ne; requires 80-colunm card for printer option 

High school and college students 

CBS Mteractive i^eaming/Holt, Rinehart and Winston 

$150.00, includes program disk with backup, data disk, stuuent guide, and teacher guide 

This {M-ogram helps students select the colleges aad universities that meet their own specified 
criteria. Informaticm is included about admissions requirements, educational costs, fmancial aid 
opportunities, and faculty/student statistics It provides a printed, customized list of the 
institutions in rank order, based upon the individual student's needs and interests. 



THE PERFECT COLLEGE 



Summary: 

Hardware: 

Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Desciri:>tion: 



Students can retrieve information about 1,6S0 four-year colleges and universities by five search 
options. 

Apple II series; Conmiodore 64. 128K; IBM PC, PCjr.; Tandy 1000; Macintosh; printer 
recommended 

Grades 10-12 

EISI 

Mindscape, Ita;. 

$19.95 includes disk and user's guide 

Students and counselors can call up appropriate colleges by name, location, size, setting, type, 
public/private, climate, and cost under the "Basic" section. The "Comprehensive" section 
includes overall compeutiveness, test scores, average GPA and percentages accepted. The other 
sections— "Academics." "Student Life," and "Admissions"— give more information to help the 
student choose. 



ERIC 



J7^ 



FURTHER EDUCATION 



PETERSON'S COLLEGE SELECTION SERVICE FOR FOUR-YE AR COLLEGES and 
PETERSON'S COLLEGE SELECTION SERVICE FOR TWO-YEAR COLLEGES 



Summary: 



Hardware: 



Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 

Cost: 



Description: 



These search programs help students and their families identify colleges that meet their needs. 
Both are complete information packages. 

Four- Year Package—Apple He. He. 64K; IBM PC. XT. 128K; MS-DOS computers, 128K: 
TRS-80 Models m. IV. 48K 

Two Year Package— Apple He. He. 64K; IBM PC. XT. 128K 
High sdiool and college smdents 
Peterson's Guides. Inc. 

Four-Yeir Package: $159.00 less 10% for non-profiL Two-Year Package: $109.00 less 10% for 
non-profiL Both four-year and two-year packages: $188.00. less 10% for non-profit. Includes: 
a binder with two diskettes, one backup program diskette. counSviOr/student manual, 
reproducible smdent worksheet and installaticm sheet, and a current copy of I *erson's Guide to 
Four- Year CoUeges or Peterson's Guide to Two-Year Colleges. 

Both packages allow the user to select om a file of colleges and universities and identify the 
most approi^ate colleges based on specific characteristics. This program combines these 
features: 

1.900 accredited U.S. and Canadian lour-year colleges or 1.300 accredited two-year 
cdleges. 

600 characteristics to choose from in 20 categories; immediate display of each selection. 

interactive and flexible; shows smdents at every step how their selected options affect tlie 
remaining pool of colleges. 

cross refi^ences to college profiles and descriptions in Peterson's Undergraduate Guides, 
selection review at any time and summary report at any time, 
ability to change criteria at any time, and 
annually updated with most current information. 



Q Software for Academic Advising 



ERIC 



173 



169 



CHOOSING A MAJOR 



CHOOSING A COLLEGE MAJOR 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 



Cost: 

Description: 



This program helps answer the question "What should my .najor be in college?" 

Apple n, 48K, disk drive; IBM PC, 64K 

High school and college bDund students 

Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids, Inc. 
Career Development Software 
The Conover Company 
Oppor aties for Learning 

$49.00 -$59.00 

This program provides students with an organized view of over 200 university majors 
categorized into six groups: CraftsTflrades, Sciences, Arts, Social Services, Leadership, and 
Office Occupations. After a skills inventory assessment, students are encouraged to explore in 
detail one of the six categories. Students may also compare the similarities and differences 
among each of the groups. 



THE GRADUATION DILEMMA 

Summary: This siiriulati<Mi program assists students in becoming aware of decisions involved in the 
educational transition to a university, community college, or vocational training program. 

Hardware: Apple n. He. 48K, DOS 3 J; TRS-80 Models HI, IV, 48K; one disk drive required 

Intended Users: Grade. 10 through adult 

ContactC^): Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids, Inc. 
Career Develqnnent Software 
TheC nover Company 
K-12 Micro Media 

Cost: $79.00 - $150.00; includes three disks, documentation, plus reproducible courseware exercises 

and free annual updates 

Description: *TIE GRADUATION DILEMMA is a simulation of the critical decisions confronting high 
school students ready to graduate. TTiis program presents three educational pathways open to 
students: vocational training, university studies, and conmiunity college. The student is 
presented a realistic ratrance examination to each of the three schools. 

UFiiversity Studies explwes over 200 majors as students perform a self-assessment. 

Community College gives practice filling out weekly time schedules in order to maximize time 
and energy. 

Mxational Training stresses spatial^rceptual skills and interpers(Hial skills. 

The ^airfiics included in this program entertain students while giving them the concepts they 
need before making any transition. 



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170 



CHOOSING A MAJOR 



THE MAJOR-MINOR FINDER 



Summary: This general survey of 123 popular college majors is tied to career considerations. 

Hardware: TRS-SO Models m, IV; i^ple n+, He; Commodore 64; IBM PC; Franklin Ace 1000 

Intended Users: Grade 7 through high school* community college, 4-year college and adult persons who want 
to make college plans and decide upon a college major 

Camtmdge Car^^ Produrts 



Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



CFKR Career Materials, Inc. 
EISI 

$59.95 - $39.00» includes diskettes and a cser*s guide 

The student answers questions about college and work interests; from the respoases, ten majors 
art Usted that may BEST match the student's profile. The MAJOR-MINOR FINDER provides 
a means for making decisions about college planning based upon realistic career planning. It is 
useful for the college-bound, or for those in college who need to make concrete plans. The 
student will learn about jobs related to college majors and the different skills and interests 
required of the 120 majors. 

The results include: 

• two-year college programs closely related to 4-year majors, 

• aptitudes needed for majors, 

• college courses required for majors, 

• defmitiobs of majors, 

• related jobs and job outlook, and 

• where to write for additional information. 
Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



O Software for Academic Advising 



171 



FINANCIAL AID 



FACT: FINANCIAL AID COUNSELING TOOL 



Summary: This software is designed to help students and parents plan for financing post-secondary 
education. 

Hardware: Apple n+, lie, lie (minimum 64K); IBM PC, XT, PCjr.; printer optional but highly 
reccHnmended 

Intended Users: High school and coUege students considered "dependent" for financial aid purposes 
Contact(s): American CoUege Testing Program 



Cost: 

Description: 



$125.00 per set (includes disk, FACT manual for counselors and 100 FACT folders fcr students 
and parents); additional folders are 100 for $20.00 

Students and patents organize their fmancial information in a FACT folder prior to entry into 
the program. (N(Hie of this confidential information is retained in the computer memory after 
using the program. A report can be printed for continued use by parents and students.) The 
program shows bow to estimate cdlege costs; how need is determined; how much the family is 
expected to contribute toward the costs; and how, where, and when to apply for aid. The 
program can be tailored to present cost information for coUeges most frequently attended by 
graduates of a particular school or area. (This description pertains to the v ersion developed in 
1987. New editions are released at the beginning of each calendar year,) 



FINANCIAL AID SCAN IV 



Summary: FINANCIAL AID SCAN helps individuals understand and determine eligibility for financial 
aid. 

Hardware: Apple n series; IBM PC and compatibles 

Intended Users: High sdKX)l students and other college-bound individuals 

Contact(s): Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids, Inc. 

Nati(xial Educational Software Services 
Cost: $89.00, * ncludes diskette and instructions 

Description: FINANCIAL AID SCAN provides a personal and private method for students and their parents 
to learn about financial aid offered through federal grant programs. It provides a "candid 
English" explanation of this often confusing topic. Working alone, students input personal 
financial details and receive a computation of their Pell Grant Index. Using this index and the 
cost of the college the student wishes to attend, the program shows the probable aid level that 
can be expected. Results can be printed if a printer is available. FINANCIAL AID SCAN is 
based on a booklet. College Grants, published by Octameron '"ress. (This program is updated 
annually.) 

No*. : See Section HI for a review of this program. 



'12 



FINANCIAL AID 



GUIDANCE COUNSELOR: FINANCIAL AID 



Summary: The purpose of this program is to help students identify financial aid options for higher 
education. 

Hardware: Apple n, He, lie; requires 80-colunm card for printing 

Intended Users: High school and college students 

Contact(s): CBS Interactive Learning/Holt, Rinehart and Winston 

Cost: $150.00, includes program disk, backup disk, data disk, student guide, and teacher guide 

Description: ThJs software helps college-bound students identify their financial aid options for higher 
educ^uicm. They can estimate their financial aid needs, then analyze their ei.gibility for aid at a 
large rjmber of specific colleges and universities. Both private and government financial aid 
sources are identified. 



PETERSON'S FINANCIAL AID SERVICE (FAS) 



Summary: Students can estimate their needs; analyze aid eligibility at selected colleges; and identify 
government, private, and college aid for which they may qualify. 

Hardware: Apple nc. He, 64K; IBM PC, 1 28K 

Inten'died Users: College-bound students, parents, counselors 

Contact(s): PeterscHi's Guides, Inc. 

Cost: $195.00 less 10% for non-profit 

Description: The FAS software does complex calculations based on the student's input and searches through 
college and scholarship databases to produce a personalized report. The report shows the 
student's need-analysis^amily-contributia estimates and gives infomiation on getting aid from 
all of the major sources of funding (including private) based on a profile of the student's 
ch^iracteristics and interests. The six components are as follows: 

• Estimating Family Contribution confidentially calculates approximately how much a 
student's family will be expected to contribute toward college costs. 

• Calculating College Costs and Estimating Need presents a match of each student's 
estimated family contribution against any college's costs to produce probable need, and 
shows how extensively that college has been able to meet the financial need of its current 
students. 

• Average Costs of Colleges by TVpe gives average costs for the types of colleges the student 
wants to look into based on the student's choice of public/private control, location, and 
entrance difficulty. 

• Government Aid Programs gives printed descriptions of all federal and state aid programs 
and details on applying. 

• Private Aid Programs searches through some 400 programs offered by foundations, 
philanthrq)ies, corporations, and other organizations to find all the awards for \ hich the 
student's profile shows he or she may be eligible. 



Soitware for Academic Advising 



173 



FINANCIAL AID 



• Non-Need Scholarships at 4-Year Colleges directs students to the section of The College 
Money Handbook, 1988 that covers scholarships given by colleges for special talents and 
interests. 

(This description pertains to the version developed in August/September, 1987, This program 
is updated annually,) 



SCHOLARSHIP BANK 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This is an expandable database of scholarships accessible by various criteria. 

Apple; IBM PC. PCjr. 

Students, parents, counselors 

Career Aids 
Intellectual Software 

$95.00 

Scholarships offered by the school, by community groups, by state and national agencies, and by 
college themselves can be organized and accessed in the specially-designed database. Easy-to- 
use routines cmduct a detailed search of the available scholarships. Scholarship information is 
stored by a variety of criteria to assist students in finding all the programs for which they might 
qualify. It comes with a database of available scholarships and easy procedures to add hundreds 
more. (TMs description pertains to the version developed in 1985,) 



SCHOLARSHIPS TODAY I AND H 



Summary: 



Hardware: 



Module I allows students to explore government and state-sponsored financial aid programs, 
write letters of inquiry, take a financial aid quiz, and estimate the amount of grant aid. Module 
n involves students in a systematic approach to Imding potential private sources of financial 
aid fcM* post-sec(xidary education. 

Apple n. He, 48K, DOS 3.3; TRS-80 Model m, 48K, disk drive required; IBM PC 



Intended Users: High school and college students 



Contact(s): 



Cost: 

Description: 



Cambridge Career Products 

Career Aids, Inc. 

Career Devel(q)ment Software 

The Conover Company 

EISI 

Jefferson Software 
K-12 Micro Media 
Opportunities for Learning 
SVE 

Module I (one disk) is $65.00; Module H (6 disks) is $350.00; both modules are $390.00 

Module I enables students to explore -?vemment and state-spaisored financial aid programs. 
Pell Grants, Guaranteed Student Loans, Plus Loans, Supplemental Educational Opportunity 
Grants, College Work-Study Programs, National Direct Student Loans, and sources of state 
student aid are presented. Exercises cover eligibility criteria, dollar amount available. 



174 



FINANCIAL AID 



application procedures, and application deaulines;. The program enables students to write 
custom ^etters of inquiry .^questing application foTus and additional information. It also 
includes a financial aid quiz and a program to estimate the air^oont of Pell grant aid for which 
the student qualifies. 

Module n billows students to create a per.^onai profile; determine potential private sources of 
financial aid; and contact any source of aid to c^tain requirements, deadlines, and application 
forms. The database contains over 1,900 pri/ate sources offered by employers, fraternal 
organizations, foundations, religious groups, labor uinons, private donors, veteran's groups, and 
more. 

(This program is updated every two years.) 



SCHOOL-COMMUNITY SCaOLARSHIP PLANNER 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contac^(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This prograi^ con be used t set up and lun a scholarship or financi?^ aid piogram in an 
organization cm* conmiunity. 

Apple U; IBM PC; printer 

Schools, PTA's, civic groups, church organizations, etc. 

Cambridge Career Products 

$95.00, includes one disk, 40-page user's manual 

This program allows a group to set up a scholarship program that qualifies for tax-exempt 
status by the IRS. It helps develop aL org-uiized plai* to raise fimdc., customizes and prints out a 
financial ai'^. application, and designs a selection process and a selection worksheet. It also 
accesses sample letters (or fund-raising, notifying of an award, and renewing uii award. The 
procedure is laid out in steps in the program and user's guide. 



S.N.A.R: STUDENT NEED ADV iSOR PROGRAM 

Summary: STUDENT NEED ADVISOR PROGRAM (S.N.A.R) is a complete financial aid process 
package Usting requirements, deadlines, and other impoiuOtt items. automatically computes 
the Pell Student Aid Index, expected family contributions and possible financial aid awards. 

Hardware: Apple n. He, He; IBM PC, XT, AT or compatible 

Intended Users: College-bound students and parents seeking the best fmancial aid package 

Contact(s) : Ad\ anceo Proc(? .2 LB*x)ratories 

Cost: $1 19.U0, includes disk, manual, CREDIF WISE and COLT £GE INVEST 

Description: Students rjceive a Financial Data Plamang form to take Iiol.w ind review witli theL pareni.. 

Students input necessary information into the program, and S.N./ ?. will accurately estimate 
the need for Pe<! Gnmt and campus-based financial assistance. The program will print a form 
letter w^iich will contain the student's family contribution and Pell Grant eligibility index. It 
includes "Credit Wise," a student debt m«u^gement program, and "College Inve$t*' (fmancial 
planner) af j charge. "Credit Wise" is designed to assist the college-bound student in learning 
about the Guaranteed "tudent I oan (GSL) program; develop aware^ecs of responsibility for 
loan; and map out a fmancia! plan for a positive credit relationship, greater independence, and 
a sdiu career future. (This progrm.. is updated annually.) 



Soft' inx^ for Academic Advising 



175 



Software for 
Testing 



'?0 



CAREER INVENTORIES 



copsystem interest inventory 



Summary: CDPSysiem INTERbST INVENTORY allows students to obtain a measure of occupational 
interest in eight major career clusters which are further subdivided into professional and skilled 
levels. 

Hardware: IBM PC or compatible, one disk drive. 256K memory, printers 
Intended Users: onior high and high school students, college students, and adults 
Contacts): EdTTS 
Cost: Contact EdTTS 

Description: COPSystem INTEREST INVENTORY allows students and clients to complete the 168-item 
COPS Interest Inventory on computer with scores obtained within eight major career clusters. 
The results will f^. printed out. The scores on the inventory will be tied to the COPSystem 
career briefs kit which contains job descriptions, salary infamation. where to write for further 
informaticMi and training required for over 400 selected occupations. The COPS INTERESl 
INVENTORY allows examinees to begin the career exploration process by measuring 
occupaticmal interests, at botfi the professional ai J skilled level. (This description pertains to 
the version developed in Spring, 1988,) 



COPSYSTEM— SCORING PROGRAM 



Summary: This is an on site scoring program for the COPS Interest Inventory, the CAPS Ability Battery, 
and the COPES Work Values Survey. 

Hardware: IBM PC or com^. atible. 256K; NCS Senuy 3000 or 7000 series scanner; standard printer 
Intended Users: High school, college, md private practice co^mselors 
Contact(s): EdTTS 

Cost. Contact EdTTS — ^Package irxludes communications package, scoring algorithm, preprinted 

paper and profile booklet. 

Description: The sewing program allows the NCS form of the COPS ...merest Inventory, the CAPS Ability 
Battery, and the COPES Work Values Survey to be scored locally. The user must have an NCS 
scannei to scan the answer booklets. The software contains a scoring algorithm and norms for 
producing a complete profile for the COPSystem. Tl^e program prints results on preprinted 
paper available from EdTTS. A comprehensive premie conLiining job titles, descriptions of the 
career clusters, college majors, suggested school courses, and job acti/i Jes is included with the 
program. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1987,) 



CPP SOFTWARE SYSTEM 

Summary: This is a system to administer, score and report re^^ults of selected Consulting Psychologist 
Press tests: Strong-Campbell Interest Inventory (SCII). Myer Iriggs TVpe Indicator (MFTI). 
Career Development Inventory (CDI). Adjective Checklist .aCL). and Career Psycholo;;ical 
Inventory (CPI). 



gP^^ 'twarefor lestirg ^ 179 



CAREER INVENTORIES 



Hardware: 



IBM PC or compatibles, 51 OK memory, DOS 2.0 or greater, two floppy disk drives or hard 
disk, serial port (asynchronous) RS-232-C communications adapto", optional HEI 185 optical 
scam^; pi inter 



Inivdded Users: Counselors in a variety of settings, personnel recruiters, researchers 
Contact(s) : Consulting Psychologists Press, Inc. 



Cost: 



Description: 



The initial system leases for $500.00 for the first year. It includes a half -size PC board, three 
disks (5 1/4 (V 3 1/2 inch), user's guide, and ten free administrations. The annual lease fee of 
$125.00 includes technical support and free updates. E'< ;h additimal software set costs $50.00 
for three disks and a guide. Adsninistrations can be pi rchased in quantities of 10 100, 250, 
1,000, or 5,000. 

sen — ^This software provides either the profile or narrative and profile report. It provides 6 
General Occupational theme scores, 23 Basic Interest scales, and 207 Occupational scales. The 
program wUl also print ''Understanding Your Results on the Strong.'* The system allows 
interactive or paper-and-pencU admiinistraticxi, has on-screen mtorial, one disk administers test 
and another scores a'jd reports results (for client data security), allows administration at 
multiple sites and secured scoring at only one site. The items and scores can be easily analyzed 
with statistical software packages. Group means and standard deviations are an option. 

MBTI— This software administers and scores Form F amf. G, reports for each dimension and 
plots preference strength scores. It provides omtinuous {dirase question aixl word-pair scores. 
Page descriptions of 16 types can be selected and generated. 

CDI — ^Based on the well-known long-term research projects in career choice directe d by 
D<xiald Super, the CDI is available in both a High School (S) Form and a College and 
University (CU) Form. The GDI assesses knowledge and attimdes about career choice. The 
results may be useful in determining the appropriate care it guidance for individuals, in 
designing mi evaluating career counseling programs, and in research on career development 

ACL — A standardized 300-adjective list widely used in personality assessment and 
psychometric research, the ACL has a manual describing 37 possible scales. The adjectives and 
the xales are useful in shidying descriptive correlates of test scores and in reducing interview 
or clinical judgments to statistically manageable units. 

CPI (revised edition) — ^The California Psychological Inventory is a multi-pnrpose 
questionnaire designed to assess normal personality characteristics important in evei^/iay life. 
The CPI is used for advising students about their academic achievement or progress; 
identifying social leaders; selecting participants in honc^ {Hograms; and predicting success in 
student teaching nursing, medicine, dentistry, psychology, social work, seminary, police, and 
military' training {rograms. The CPI has been used to predict behaviors, includi'^ig leadership, 
creativity^ TVpe A behaviur, persistence in school success on parole, and menstrual distress. 
(This description pertains to the version devel<^ed in 1987.) 



Summary: 



Hardware: 



DAT ADAPTIVE: DIFFERENTIAL APTITUDE TESTS: 
COP ??UTERIZED ADAPTIVE EDITION 

DAT ADAPTIVE is a computer-administered and scored implementation of the DAT and 
accompanying Carerr Platuiing Questiormaire. 

Apple n-i-, nc, ne, 64K RAM; Franklin Ace 1000; two disk drives 



Intended Users: Grades 8-1 



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182 



CAREER INVENTORIES 



Contact(s): The Psychdogical Coipwation 

Cost: ExaminatiOT kit, $30.00; start-up package, $95.00, two diskettes, manual, materials for 10 

tests; rq)lenishment package, $49.00, one diskette and material for testing 10 more students 

Description: Like the DAT, the DAT ADAPTIVE is an integrated battery of eight aptitude tests designed for 
educational and vocaLonal guidance. The computer individually adapts the test to each 
student's ability level as he or she progresses through the test, automatically eliminating 
questiras that are too easy (»r too hard The testing is self-paced, but usually lasts about 90 
minutes. DAT ADAPTIVE is administered and scored by the computer. A complete 
individualized score repwt can be printed immediately after the test administration. The DAT 
tests are: 

• verbal reasoning, 

• numerical ability, 

• abstract reasoning, 

• clerical speed and accuracy, 

• mechanical reasoning, 

• space relations, 

• spelling, and 

• language usage. 

(This description pertains to tne version developed in 1986.) 



MICROCOMPUTEK EVALUATION SCREENING ASSESSMENT 

SHvORT FORM (MESA SF2) 

Summar.v: In this one-hour program, game-like exercises measure skilk of motor coordination, 
academics, {M'oblem-solving, size and shape discrimination, and memo.7. 

Hardware: IBM PC, XT with two floppy drives or hard disk and game card; ..pple He, two drives, 13" 
RGB color monitor, 80-column printer 

Intended Users: \bcational education, rehabiliution, job training programs 

Contact(s): ValPAR International 

Cost: $995.00, includes software manual, score sheets, survey, implements, tools, and other 

components for work sample testing 

Description: Evaluator administers one paper^ncil, 12 comixiter, and three hardware exercises to students. 

Evaluator observes, times, answers questions, and records observations in standard format. 
Data a^e entered into computer, which generates and prints reports and Dictionary of 
Occupati(mal Titles Qualification Sunmiary. Criteria-referenced adaptive testing methods are 
used. (Difficulty level adjusts to student's ability.) Testing can be done in segments and saved 
to allow scheduling flexibility. This progvan links to ValSEARCH with no additional 
inputting. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1986,) 



Software for Testing 



CAREER INVENTORLES 



MICROTEST ASSESSMENT SYSTEM 

Summary: This program provides a comprehensive scoring system for referenced, nom^ed tests, such as 
vocational and persorality assessments produced by Y 2S (the Natioua^ Computer System). 

Hardware: IBM PC, >T, AT, NCS-^proved IBM-compatible compuiei, printer, NCS Scorebox interface 
(latter item costs $79S.(X)), plus optional NCS Sentry Scanner 

Intended Users: Guidance and counseling centers, personnel offices, mental health centers and hospitals 

Contact(s) : National Con4>uter System 

Cost: Varies acccxrding to number of administrates 

Description: Paper-and-pencil tests can be administered in the regular manner; answer sheets are read hy the 
scanner, then saved by the computer. Reports can be generated immediately and/or stored for 
later retrieval. Optionally, the test questions can be admin^tered on the computer screen, with 
individuals selecting a response at the keyboard. When the test is completed, it can be scored 
and a report generated. Another option, if users dcm't have the scanner, s to key^nter the 
paper-and-pencil test answers for scoring on the computer. 

Tests available: 

• Stnmg Campbell Interest Inventory, profiles and narrative reports 

• Career Assessment Inventory, profile and narative 

• Career Assessment Inventory-The Enhanced Version, profile and narrative 

• Guilford-Zimmerman Tenq)erament Survey 

• Millon Adolescent Personality Inventory 

• Millon Behavioral Health Inventory 

• Millon Qinical Multiaxial Inventory, profile and narrativ 

• Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 

• Sixteen Personality Factor QuesticHinaire 

• Hogan Personality Inventory 

• Hogan Personnel Selection Series 

• Vocati(Mial InformaticMi Profile 

• Alcohol Use Invented 



O VIS n : IICROCOMPUTER VERSION 



Summary: This is a micro version of the Ohio Vocational Interest Survey designed to as^ t students and 
adults with their educational and vocational plans. OVIS n can be administerr md scored on 
the computer. 

Har ;ware: Apple H, n+. He, 48K RAM, two disk drives and a printer 
Intended Users: Students grades 7 through college and adults 



Contact(s): 



The Psychological Cap. (TPC) 



ERiC^ 



CAREER INVENTORIES 



Cost: $198.00, includes diskettes. 35 student information booklets, administration, and permits local 

scoring of 35 cases; or $95.00. includes analysis diskette for 35 cases and 35 student 
infcHmaticm booklets (this is the replacement package) 

Description: OVIS n c(Mnbines an interest inventory with an optional Career Planning Questionnaire and 
Local Survey to provide the student and counselor with backgiound data for interpreting 
interest scores. Survey items appear on the screen and examinees indicate their response using 
ihe keyboard. When the sur/ey is completed, the counselor supplies the sccH-mg and reporting 
diskettes, and the survey n scored by the computer. The survey takes approximately 30 
minutes. Codes and passwords protect examinee responses. (This description pertains to the 
version developed in 1984.) 



QUICKSCORE 



Summary: This program enables on-site proc^ ing and scoring ox assessments produced by PREP. 

Hardware TRS-80 Models m. IV; Apple (with CP/M); IBM PC and compatibles; printer, designated card 
reader (card reader costs $975.00) 

Intended Users: Career counselors 

Contact(s): Prep Inc. 

Cost: $200.00 for scoring disk fCH- each assessment, plus $5.(X)-$7.(X) per person administration 

expense 

Description: Clients amplete the assessments ch- tests on special response cards which are fed into the card 
reader, and computer scored; results are printed. The user saves 3 ways by using 
QUIJKSCORE: (1) response cards cost less than response booklets. (2) postage, and (3) costly 
turnaround time it takes to nail responses for scoring. It is des;^ed to be used v^th JOB 
MATCHING. JOB MATCHING H. JOB SEARCH ASSESSMENT. LIVING SKILLS. 
ASSESSMENT FOR CAREER IN'^ORMATION. EMPLOYABILITY ATTITUDES, and 
TQAS TEST and QUESTIONNAIBL ANALYSIS SYSTEM. (This description pertains to the 
version developed in 1984,) 



SELF-DIRECTED SEARCH: COMPUTER VERSION 



Siunma : This is an administration, scoring, and interpr, ition program for assessme it of vocational 
interests. 

Hardware: IBM PC. XT. AF. 128K to 256K. 5 1/4 or 3 1/2 inch dislcs; Apple n+. He. f4K. 80-column 
card; two disk drives 

Intended Users: High school and college counselors, psycnologists 

Contacts): C<H)sulting Psychologists Press 
CTB/McGraw Hill 
Psychological Assessment Resources 

Cost: $1 SO.OO. includes SO test administrationc and a manual 

Description: The SELF-DIRECTED SEARCH: COMPUTER VERSION is an administration, scoring and 
interfweiive program for the SELF-DIRECTED SEARCH. 1 ne program allows the user to take 



Software for Testing 



CAREER INVENTORIES 



both the SELF-DIRECTED SEARCH-1985 REVISION and MY VOCATIONAL 
SITUATION by (XHPpuier. All scores and summary codes are calculated, ar.i mi uuwi»-etive 
report is then printed which includes a list of the user's vocational aspirations; a description of 
the different Holland code types, including infomnation about Holland's theory of vocations 
and the hexagonal model; possible occupations based upon all combinations of the user's 
sunmuuy code; and some next steps for the user to pursue in his or her educational and 
vocational planning. A separate professional report is produced which provides additional 
sccH'es and interpretive inframation. The user's test results can be saved on a data disk for 
future lefeience and research purposes. (This description pertains to the version developed in 
1985.) 



STRONG SOFTWARE SYSTEM 

Summary: This software allows on-site admimstration, $c(^g, and reporting of the Strong-Campbell 
Interest Inventory (SCn). 

Hardware: IBM PC or compatible, 2S$K, DOS 2.0 or greater, two floi^y disk drives or hard disk, ^rial 
port, multiple outlet strip, and HEI Scancer 

Intended Users: High sdiool students through adults 

Coiar , as): CTB/McGraw Hill Publishers Test Service 

Cost: $800.00, includes two program disks, user's guide, binder, CodeLock Key that secures the 

scoring f(vmula and accounts for u'^age, a System 180 Controller to link the CodeLock Key to 
the microonf^t^, a program for using an optical scanner, and utility programs for editing 
scanned data aiid for statistical analysis and data file conversion that can Je used with 
statistical pa^ kages 

Description: Clients can enter their responses to the SCn directly into the computer. Alternatively, the 
answers can be scanned in after paper-and-pencil administration ^rith special answer cards and 
the HEI scanner. The system provides either the profile or the narrative and profile report. The 
sen is widely used to aid in curricular and occupational decisicm making and in planning 
career options. Separate norms for the sexes are used for analysis since men and women, on the 
average, respcmd differ^tly to the 325 inventcny items. The Profile Report presents scores for 
six General OcciQ>ational Themes: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social* Enteiprising, and 
Conventional. These are further branched into scores for 23 Basic Interest Scales, such as 
agriculture, science, art, teaching, etc. Sundard scores are provided for each of the 119 
Occupational Scalts. The Strong Interpretive Report is a narrative of the examinee's scores. It 
suggests avocaticmal pursuits and career exploration books to read. 



VOCATIONAL PREFERENCE INVENTORY 

Summary: This is an administration, scoring, and interpretation program for assessment of vocational 
interests and personality 

Hardware: IBM PC, 128K; Apple n+. He, 64K; 80-column printer, two disk drives 

Intended Users: Piofessi(Mials using the VOCATIONAL PREFERENCE INVENTORY 

Contact(s) : Psycholonc^ Assessmoit Resources 



O 184 

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CAREER INVENTORIES 



Cost: $ 1 2S.00» includes SO test administrations 

Description: The VOCATIONAL PREFERENCE INVENTORY: COMPUTER VERSION is an 
administration, scoring, and interpretive program for the VOCATIONAL PREFERENCE 
INVENTORY. The interpretive report was developed by Dr. Robert 0. Rose and PAR staff in 
ccxisultation with the test author, Dr. Jcbn Holland. The program offers three methods of 
administraticm: direct entry by the client, operates entry of item responses, and operator entry 
of scale scores. All seems and sunjnary codes are calculated, and an interpretive report is then 
printed ^ch provides infonnation oa personality conflguration and a listing of occupations 
based on combinations of the cUent's HoUand summary code. The test results can be saved on a 
data disk for Aiture ref^ence and research purposes. (This description pertains to the version 
developed in 1985.) 



Software for Testing 185 



EDUCATIONAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS 



ABILITY ACHIEVEMENT DISCREPANCY (AAD) 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Usc.s: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program will assess the degree of underachievement by a student. 
Apple n series; IBM PC; printer optioadl 
Psychologists for special education students 
Southern Micro Systems 

$149.00, includes manual, two program disks, and one data disk 

ABILITY ACfflEVEMENT DISCREPANCY (AAD) will assist educators to accurately and 
fairly assess the degree of academic underachievement a child is experiencing, based on the 
ability and achievement tests admimstered by school personnel. Tlie program can be used with 
a printer. 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



ADJECTIVE CHECKLIST S0FTWA1?E 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Conf:ict(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program aUows on-hne administration, scoring, recordkeeping, repcMting and profiling of 
the ADJECTIVE CHECK UST. 

IBM PC or compatibles, two disk drives, 80-columr printer 

College students and adults 

CTB/McGraw-Hill 

$500.00, includes program start-up and diskettes for 100 administrations 

The software allows someone to take the check list hinVlierself cni computer, to enter data by 
card reader* or to have clerical staff inpu^ data via the keyboard. Tfie user checks the adjectives 
(among 300) that s/he feels describes him/herself, others, or even objects, places, or 
institutiOTS. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 



ADULT PERSONALITY INVENTORY (API) 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This software allows an assessment of personal characteristics, interpersonal style, and career 
factors. 

IBM PC (DOS, Version 2.1 and later versions) or Apple lie 
Community college, four-year college, adults 
MetriTcch, Inc. 
$479.00 

Including both a long and a short version, the API is ba^ed on Cattell*s 16 personality factors 
and Uieoretical framework. The program offeis varied response formats and a nanative 
information profile that summaiizes the responses. 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



O 186 

ERLC 



1^2 



EDUCATIONAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS 



CALIFORNL\ ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR SCALE 

Summary: This program yields age-equivalent scores in 32 areas and 1 1 domains. 

Hardware: Apple n 

Intended Users : Qualified testers 

Contacts): Multi-Health Systen .a, Tnc. (Canada) 

Cost: $149.00 (U.S. dollars) 

iVscript'on: This is a 353-item scale, with items arranged developmentally within the 1 1 domains. Included 
are internal reliability/consistency checks and a 32Mtem analysis which have known 
prerequisite skills. It is £^propriate for clients aged 3 months to 19 years. 



CARA: COMPUTER ASSISTED READING ASSESSMENT 



Summary: This program provides a diagnostic tool to assess an individual's reading level. 

Hardware: Apple II+, He or He, with two disk drives 

Intended Users: Remedial reading piogranos or clinics, K through adults 

Contact(s) : Southern Micro Systems for Educat(H^ (SMS) 

Cost: $149.00 

Description: Information on the client's environment and on hiS/Tier mental and sensory capacity for 
learning to read is entered and stores for each person. A diagnostic report, including a set of 
graphic profiles and a narrative report on conclusions arawn by synthesizing the person's data, 
can be printed out 

Note: See Section ni for a review of this prograr i. 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
ConUict(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DIAGNOSTIC 
SCREENING INVENTORY (C ADSI) 

This software provides a rapid assessment of child and adolescent symptomatology keyed to 
diagnostic categories of the DSM-m. 

IBM PC and compatibles 

Clinicians, use in conjunction with child's caretakers, such as parents, teachers 

Psychologistics, Inc. 

$150.00, includes unlimited use diskette 

The CADSI program includes inventory items based upon the specific diagnostic criteria of the 
DSM-in, which are completed by the client*s parent, teacher, or other primary caretaker. 

An outline-formatted report delineates relevant symptoms organized within the DSM-in 
diagnostic categories, assists the clinician in quickly identifying problem areas, and guides 
furtfier evaluation. The inventory may be completed directly the computer ot by paper-and- 
pencil questionnaire. These questi(mnaires are contained o\ 1ie program disk, and can be 
printed out by the user. 



Software for Testing 



187 



EDUCATIONAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL DUGNOSIS 



All repoits are saved cn a data disk to maintain a database of client records. Reports may also 
be printed out. (This description pertains to the revised version developed in 1984,) 



COMPUTERIZED INVENTORY OF BASIC SKILLS (CIBS) 

Summary: TOs software tests students on subject knowledge and skills, writes diagi>ostic reports, and 
develops Individualized Education Plans (lEPs). 

Hardware: Apple U, printer 

Intended Users: Grades 1 -8; Regular or special education, Hile One programs 

Contact(s): Academic Couaseling and Evaluation, Michael Wilson 

CA^ Publicaticms, Sanu Clara County Office of Education 

Cost: $89.95, includes diskette and instruction manual; $20.00, backup disk 

Description: Testing is doDC on-screen. The instructor indicates the subject and skills to be tested; student 
answers are evaluated instantly and QBS predicts the student's skills ?nd tailors the test to the 
individual. Results can be displayed or stcxed on disk. Mastery skill levels can be determined, 
and CIBS makes a bar grai^ to show skills by grade level. CIBS analyzes the student's 
identified needs and develops sequratially linked objectives from which the teacher selects to 
develop the lEP. The teacher can add his/her own objectives. Testers at Cupertino, California 
schools said it savea them 80% of the time usually spent in lEP preparation. The California 
Master can store up to 100 test files. (This description pertains to the revised version 
developed in 1986.) 



CONNERS' PARENT RATING SCALE 

Summary: This program measures parent's oi guardian's assessment of children's behavior. 
Hardware: IBM PC, 5 1/4" or 3 1/2" disk dii^^-^: Apple 
Intended Users: Parents or guardians of children or adoleocents 
Contact(s): Multi-Health Systems 
Cost: $125.00 

Dercription: A 93-item scale measures factors including: conduct diy cu learning/immature, anxious/shy, 
obsessive-compulsive, psychosoniatic, antisocial, re^ttless/impulsive, and hyperactive/immature. 
The results are grained with T-scores and expanded with brief interpretive statement^!. 



CONNERS' TEACHER RATING SCALE 

Summary: This program measures teacher's assessment of hyperactive children. 

Hardware: IBM PC, 5 1/4" or 3 1/2" disk drives; Apple 

Intended Users: Teachers of children or adolescents 

Contact(s): Multi-Health Systems 



ER1C8 



ISO 



EDUCATIONAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS 



Cost: $120.00 

Description: This scale measures factors including: hyperactivity, conduct problems, tension anxiety, 
passive-unassertive, unsociable, and anti-social. The results are graphed, with T-scores and 
expanded with brief interpretive statements. 



EATING DISORDERS INVENTORY: COMPUTER VERSION 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
C6ntact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



EATING DISORDER INVENTORY (EDI) is an administration, scoring, and interpretation 
prograpi for assessment of eating disorders. 

IBM PC, 128K, one disk drive; Apple n+, He, 64K, two disk drives 

ProfessioEi^ls assessing or treating anorexia and bulimia 

Psychological Assessment Resources 

$100.00, includes SO test administrations 

The EATING DISORDER INVENTORY: Computer version 2.0 is an administration, scoring, 
and interpretive program for the EDI developed by PAR, Inc. The interpretive report provided 
by this program was designed and written by Dr. David Gamer, the EDI test author. The 
program administm and scores the EDI and produces a profile of the individual's test results, 
comparing the tes; results to both ncxmal and patient normative groups. In addition, the 
program provides intetf^etive statements for each EDI scale. Responses to the test items may 
be entered directly by the client, or the clinician can enter a client's responses to the paper<and- 
pencil version of the test for scoring and interpretation. Data may also be saved on a data disk 
for future reference or research purposes. (This description pertains to the revised version 
developed in 1984.) 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



FIRO-B 

Summary: This software allows machine input and scoring of FIRO-B — measuring a person's 
characteristic behaviors. 

Hardware: IBM PC» 2S6K» one floppy disk, printer; PAR also has Apple n+, lie versiois 

Intended Users: High school students through adults 

Contact(s) : C(Hisulting Psychologists Press 

Psychological Assessment Resources (PAR) 

Cost: $95.00, includes SO uses, manual (PAR); $150.00, includes 100 client administrations, manual 

(CPP) 

Description: This test is taken on the conq)uter by the cliei^. in about ten minutes. Altematively, someone 
can enter client's responses from the paper version of FIRO-B into the keyboard. Results are 
printed out in an easy-to-read interpretation. This measures a client's characteristics, 
relationships and behavior in the areas of inclusion, control and affection. (This description 
pertains to the version developed in 1986.) 

Note: See Secticm III for a review of this program. 



Software for Testing 



EDUCATIONAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS 



JESNESS BEHAVIOR CHECKLIST 

Siunmary: This program measures bi-polar tendencies among adolescents. 
Hardware: IBM PC. 5 1/4" or 3 1/2" disk dri es 

Intended Users: Students, ages 13 to 19. and teachers, counselors, ther^ists. rehabilitation staff 
Contact(s): Consulting Psychologists Press 
Cost: $160.00 (foi SO administrations) 

description: This 80-item instrument measures 14 bi-polar behaviw factCM^. Two parallel forms include an 
observer and a self-appraisd form. The program calculates an average score for any number of 
observer forms on a given item. A narrative report includes a profile interpretation. 



JESNESS INVENTORY OF ALOLESCENT PERSONALITY 



Summary: This program administers. . ewes, and interprets the JIAP which measures asocial tendencies. 
Hardware: IBM PC. 5 1/4" or 3 1/2" disk drives 
Intended Users: Students, ages 13 to 19 
Contact(s): Consulting Psychologists Press 
Cost: $175.00 (for SO administrations) 

Description: Srules measured include: social maladjustment, withdrawal, value orientation, denial, and 
immaturity. A narrative report includes a profile interpretation in addition to secticHis on family 
relations, self-esteem, interpersonal relations, school/achievement, and post-release risk for 
young cffe iders. 



KAUFMAN ASSESSMENT BATTERY FOR CfflLDREN (K-ABC) ASSIST 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This software program converts raw scores to derived scores for K-ABC, Version 1.2. which 
measures intelligence and achievement for children agec 2>l/2 through 12-1/2. 

Apple n+. He. He. DOS 3.3 

School and Ciinical psychologists 

AGS (American Guidance Service) 

$104.50. includes software and manual 

The K-ABC ASSIST program generates interpretation data including standard scores, national 
and/or sociocultural percentile ranks, percentile intervals corresponding to the confidence 
intervals, age equivalents, descriptive classifications, and global scale comparisons. Computer 
scoring is three times as fast as the conventional scoring method. (This description pertains to 
the revised version developed in 1984.) 



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EDUCATIONAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL DL\GNOSIS 



MCDERMOTT MULTIDIMENSIONAL 
ASSESSMENT OF CHILDREN (M MAC) 

Summary: M MAC is a system of over 100 programs that integrates data from psychological evaluations, 
classifies childhood exceptionality and designs Individualized Educational Plans (IEP*s). 

Hardware: Apple n, U-^, lie, 48K RAM minimunu one or two disk drives, printer with SO^^olumn capacity 

Intended Users: Teachers, psychologists, and educational professiona' 

ConUict(s) : The Psychological Corp. 

Cost: $200.00, includes complete starter set of seven master diskettes; provides fix ten classifications 

and ten lEFs 

Description: M MAC has two major levels. Classification and Program Design. The Classification level 
provides a diagnosis of exceptionality along four dimensions: general intellecnial functioning, 
academic achievement, adaptive behavior, and social-econonuc adjustment. M MAC Program 
Design generates appropriate behavioral objectives for individualized educational planning. 
(This description pertains to the revised version developed in 1985.) 



MMPI ADULT AND ADOLESCENT INTERPRETIVE SYSTEMS 



Siunmary: These two programs provide interpretive statements for validity, clinical, and up to 100 
research scales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). 

Hardware: IBM PC XT, AT, 256K, two 5 1/4" or 3 1/2" disk drives; Apple n+. He, 64K, 80-colunm 
display, two disk drives 

Intended Users: Professionals using the MMPI 

Contact(s): Psychological Assessment Resources 

Cost: $295.00 each, unlimited use 

Description: The MMPI INTERPRETIVE SYSTEM provides a comprehensive single scale and configural 
interpretation of up to 100 MMPI scales including the validity and clinical scales, frequently 
scored research scales, Harris and Lingoes subscales, Serkownek subscales, Wiggins Content 
scales, and Tryon, Stein, and Chu Sluster scales. 

The Interpretive System is not a scormg program. However, T-scores for each group of 
previously scored scales for which the user desires an interpretation are easily entered group by 
group using a simple procedure which allows for verification and easy error correction. A 
profile of the standard clinical and validity scales is printed which graphically presents T- 
sc(xes. Single scale interpretive staf^ments for all validity and clinical scales are then printed, 
followed (if significant) by a configural interpretation using a 2-point code classification which 
includes sections on problems, symptoms aiKl personality characteristics, needs and conflicts, 
self-concept, interpersonal relationships, prognosis, and diagnostic possibilities based upon 
DSM-m diagnostic codes. Next, interpretive statements for any significant supplementary 
scales (organized by group) for which T-sc(xe dala was entered is then printed. The Adolescent 
version is new for 1988 and is based on research with adolescents. 

With the exception of the configural interpretive material, all output is presented as a series of 
separate statements referenced to a particular scale and T-score value. The output from this 
program is not intended to be used as a finished clinical report, but rather is designed to allow 



O Software for Testing 

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191 



EDUCATIONAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL DUGNOSIS 



the clinician to detennine the source of the interpretive statements and then integrate this with 
all other sources of informaticm about the individual being evaluated. Interpretive information 
is based on research with adults and is derived from most of the major sources of interpretive 
information in the MMPI literature. 

(This description pertains to the version developed in 1983, This program is enhanced 
regularly. The adolescent version was released in 1988,) 



MMPI m SCORE AND INTERPRET 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This software scores and inteiprets the results of the 168-, 399-, or 566-item versions of the 
MMPI. 

IBM PC CM" compatible with 256K and printer 

Clients over 13 years of age, counseling centers, community counseling agencies 

Weathers Reports, Inc. 

$299.95 

Responses to the paper^and-pencil MMPI are keyed into the program by staff. T-score results 
from a prior administiation of the test are used to produce an interpretative report. 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



MYERS-BRIGGS TYPE INDICATOR (MBTI) 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This software is designed for Jie on-screen administration and scoring of the MBTI, a measure 
of personality and interests based on Jung's theory of types. 

IBM PC and ccnnpatibles, 128K, 80-column printer 

CounseUng centers, guidance offices, clinical settings 

Consulting Psychologist Press 
CTB/McGraw-Hill 

$200.00, diskette contains 100 administratiois of forms F, G, or AV, user's guide, case 

The user decides which form (F, G, or AV 50-item short form) to take, begins with a short 
tutorial and then proceeds to take the test on the computer. 

On-screen directions and the tutorial enaule die user to complete the MBTI without 
supervision, with the use of only four keys. The three forms— the long, traditional , and the 
short forms-are available, along with a report for each. 

Fc«r bi-polar scales are provided that can be reduced to the familiar four-letter code of "type." 
Descriptions of sixteen possible types are useful in self-exploration and are non-threatening. 

Note: See Secdon m for a review of this program. 



ERLC 



EDUCATIONAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS 



NEC PERSONALITY INVENTORY: COMPUTER VERSIO?! 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This is an administration, scoring, and interpretation program for assessment of personality. 
IBM PC, 128K, one disk drive; Apple n+, Ucv 64K, 80-column printer, two disk drives 
Professionals using the NEO PERSONALITY INVENTORY 
Psychological Assessment Resources 
$95.00, includes 25 test administrations 

This is an a lministrati(Hi, scoring, and interpretive program for the NEO PERSONALITY 
INVENTORY The interpretive report was designed by Paul T. Costa, Jr., Ph.D. and Robert R. 
McCrae, Ph.D., authors of the NEO PERSONALITY INVENTORY. The program administers 
Form S or Form R of the inventory, calculates raw and T-scores for the 5 domain and 18 facet 
scales, profiles the results, and provides an interpretive report. In addition, users may enter 
either item responses or scale scores fnxn inventcnies administered in paper and pencil form. 
The interpretive report provides an analysis of personality based on both the domain and facet 
scales. It also includes a narrative which addresses stability of personality configuration, 
respcMise to stress, somatization, vocational interests, and personality traits. Test results may be 
saved on a data disk for future reference and research purposes. (This description pertains to 
the version developed in 1985.) 



PARENTING SKILLS INVENTORY 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This instrument is designed to improve seven parenting skill areas. 

IBM PC or c(Hiq>atible with 256K and one disk drive 

Schools, agencies, or private practice dealing with married or single parents 

Parenting Plus 

$175.00 

The skills explored are: expectations, communications, rapport, role image, role support, 
objectivity, and limit setdng. The report generates raw and normative profile scores for the 
seven scales, and an evaluative statement and discussion regarding the respondent's "skills 
score" on each scale. 

Note: See Section IQ for a review of this program. 



ERLC 



PERSONALITY PROFILE 

Summary: Students can determine their own personality dynamics with the self -analysis provided by this 
program. 

Hardware: Apple n, lie, 48K; IBM PC, 64K; Commodore 64 

Intended Users: Junior high or hig^ school students 

Contact(s): Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids, Inc. 
Psychological Psoftware 

O Software for Testing x 



EDUCATIONAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL DUGNOSIS 



Cost: $39.50 

Description: Tutorials help students understand personality growth and development as they learn about 
their personal characteristics. This knowledge can then be applied to help students gain a better 
understanding of themselves and others. 



PERSONAL PROBLEMS CHECKLIST— ADOLESCENT: COMPUTER 

VERSION 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact (s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This software is an administration and reporting program for a comprehensive survey of 
adolescent problems and concerns. 

IBM PC, 128K, one disk drive; Apple n+, lie, 64K, 80-column, two disk drives 
Educators; counselors, psychologists 
Psychological Assessment Resources 
$50.00, includes 100 checklist administrations 

The computer versions of the^e checklists administer the checklist items directly to the client at 
the keyboard. The programs collate item rer. onses and provide a report which includes 
calculation of the number of items endorsed in each domain, and the total number of endorsed 
items. Checklist data can be saved on data disks for future reference or research. (This 
description pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 



PERSONAL PROBLEMS CHECKLIST— ADULf: COMPUTER VERSION 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This software is an administration and reporting program for a comprehensive survey of client 
problems and cmcems. 

IBM PC, 128K, one disk drive; Apple n+, lie, 64K, SO-column, two disk drives 
Educators, counselors, psychologists 
Psychological Assessment Resources 
$50.00, includes 100 checklist administrations 

The computer versions of these popular checklists administer the checklist items directly to the 
client at the keyboard. In addition to providing imporunt information on the client's concerns 
aiid problems, these programs serve as a non-threatening introduction to computer-based 
tesliii?. The programs collate item respoi ses and provide a report which includes calculation of 
the number of items endorsed in rank order by domain, and the total number of endorsed items. 
Checklist data can be saved on data disks for future reference or research. (This description 
pertains to the version developed in 1984.) 



*94 



EDUCATIONAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS 



PROFESSIONAL PERSONALITY INVENTORY 

Summary: This program administers and scores a test that evaluates a client's personality. 
Hardware: Apple; IBM PC 

Intended Users: Clients of qualified professionals such as counselors and psychologists 
Conla€t(s): Psychological Psoftware 
Cost: $200.00 

Description: This test evaluates normal adult personality along 30 factors. The resulting interpretive report 
includes a narrative and charted display of scores, giving a foundation for clinical diagnosis 
and treatment. In diagnostic and therapeutic settings, psychologists can use this for measures of 
anxiety, depression, passivity, and other behavioral trends. It can be used in industry and 
business for placement of personnel in light of job related demands. It can aid counselors and 
school psychologists in understanding the student and identifying problem areas. The test is in 
three parts, each with 100 questions. Testing time is one to two hours. 



REPORT WRITER: ADULTS' INTELLECTUAL, ACHIEVEMENT, AND 

NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS 



Summary: 



Hardware: 

Intended Users: 

Conta€t(s): 

Cost: 

Descriptioki. 



This program generates an interpretive report for WAIS-R, WRAT, WRAT-R, Stroop Color and 
Word Test, Benton Visual Retention Test (BVRT), Purdue PegDoard Test, Trail Making Test, 
Woodcock Johnson Achievement Test, Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale, and others. 

IBM PC XT, AT, 128K, 5 1/4 or 3 1/2 inch disks drives; Apple 3+, He, He, 64K, 80^olumn 
display, two disk drives 

Educates and psychologists 

Psychological Assessment Resources 

$495.00 — unlimited use 

This adult version of REPORT WRITER is a comprehensive interpretation system which 
provides an interpretive report for the following cests: VVAIS-R, Stanford-Binet Intelligence 
Scale, WRAT, WRAT-R, Stroop Color and Wjrd Test, Trail Making Test, Benton Visual 
Retention Test, Purdue Pegboard Test, Aph isia Screening Signs, and tl.^ Symbol Digit 
Modalities Test. 

This adult version of REPORT WRITER is used essentially like the children's version and 
contains all of the major, state-of-the-art features including ease of use and the ability to revise 
and edit reports. (This description pertains to the revised version developed in 1985.) 



ERLC 



Software for Testing 



195 



EDUCATIONAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL DUGNOSIS 



REPORT WRFFER: CHILDREN'S INTELLECTUAL AND 
ACHIEVEMENT TESTS 



Summary: 



Hardware: 

Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This software program generates an interpretive report for results from WPPSI, Stanford-Binet, 
WISC-R. WRAT, K-ABC. and PIAT. The BM version also will interpret WRAT-R and the 
Kaufman Test of Educaticmal Achievemem. 

IBM PC XT, AT, 256K. two 5 1/4" or 3 1/2" disk drives; Apple n+, He, 64K, 80-column 
display, two disk drives; a word processing program that reads ASCII is recommended 

Educates and psychologists 

Psychological Assessment Resources 

$495.00— unlimited use 

This psycho*educational interpretive software provides comprehensive interpretation of the 
above tests. Using REPORT WRITER, the practitioner can generate professional quality 
reports usually in less than fifteen minutes. Following the standard administration and scoring 
of any of the above tests, the practitioner enters some brief demographic data, the standard test 
scores for ooe or mne tests, and behaviaal observations obtained during testing (optional). 
REPORT WRITER generates a report, storing it on a data disk. The practitioner then has the 
opti(m of printing the unedited report cm^ using a word {xocessor to edit the report The report 
produced by REPORT WRITER contains behavioral observations, formatted test scores, 
several types of score combinations, statements regarding statistical significance, possible 
explanations and consensus, and educational recommendations. The output generated by 
REPORT WRITER is designed to make test results understandable to a wide range of readers 
including clinicians, teachers, and parents. This report can be edited and revised by the 
practitioner to incorporate any additional comments and interpretations, or any additional 
specific recommendations. (This description pertains to the revised version developed in 
1984.) 



RORSCHACH DATA SUMMARY AND NARRATIVE REPORT 

Summary: This software provides automated scoring and interpretation of the Rorschach Inkblot Test. 
Hardware: IBM PC and compatibles; ^>ple II-k, nc, lie 
Intended TJsers: Psychologists 



Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



Psychologistics, Inc 

$295.00, includes onlimited use diskette 

The RORSCHACH REPORT is designed to provide scoring and interpretation of the 
Rorscha«:h Inld)lot Tt$u utilizing Exner's (1974, 1976, 1982) comprehensive system for seeding 
and interpretive logic. Based upon user-entered summary values, the program calculates all 
majcx summary scores used in the Exner system and prints a data sunmiary incorporating the 
infoimatim typically found in a structural summary. 

Additionally, the program generates a comprehensive narrative report. The report evaluates the 
results with respect to the individual's perceptual monitoring style and cognitive organization, 
affective processes, reality testing, stress tolerance, impulse control, and self-esteem. The 
narrative report may be (Minted out or written to a text file. (This description pertains to the 
version developed in 1985.) 



O 196 

ERIC 



EDUCATIONAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS 



STANFORD-BINET COMPUTER REPORT 

Summary: This program generates a comprehensive psychological report based on a student's 
performance on the Stanford^Binet Intelligence Scale (1973). 

Hardware: TRS-80 Models m, IV, two disk drives; IBM PC; Apple n series 

Intended Users: Teachers, counselors, and mental health professionals 

Contact(s): Southern Micro Systems 

Cost: $295.00 

Description: STANFORD-BINET COMPUTER REPORT generates a five-page comprehensive 
psychological report based on the student's performance on the Stanford-Binet Intelligence 
Scale (S-B Form L-M). A profile chart listing the items which the client passed indicates 
strengths and weaknesses. Educational suggestions are offered for each area of weakness to 
assist the professional who is woridng with the client 



WAIS-RITER BASIC AND WISC-RITER BASIC 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



These are software programs that will provide a comprehensive client interpretation of the 
WAIS-R Of WISC-R in less than three minutes. 

Apfic nc, ne; IBM PC and compatibles; two drives, printer 

Psychologists, mental health personnel 

Southern Micro Systems 

$199.00, includes two disks (one DOS 3.3, one PruDOS), manual, and documenuticn for each; 
licensing available 

The psychologist enters the subtest scores, VIQ, PIQ, and FSIQ, and/or achievement test 
scores. The {K'ogram calculates and compares the scaled scores and provides the professic nal 
with information to facilitate report writing and reconmiendations. It can be edited by the user 
with a word processing program for an individualized report. The usual report is three to four 
pages of interpretive statements. 



WAIS-RITER COMPLETE' 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program can save a psychologist hours of valuable time interpreting test scores. 

Apple nc, ne; IBM PC; two drives, printer 

Psychologists, vocational evaluators, mental health personnel 

Southern Micro Systems 

$495.00, includes manual, two disks (one DOS 3.3, one ProDOS), and teacher's guide; 
licensing available 

WAIS-RITER ^COMPLETE' provides the psychologist with a comprehensive client 
interpretation in less than five minutes. All report content can be edited by the user. The 
clinician can use any word processor to add clinical observations, etc. for an individualized 



EKLC 



Software for Testing 



197 



EDUCATIONAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL DUGNOSIS 



report. The program is designed to facilitate interpretation of the WECHSLER ADULT 
INTELUGENCE SCALE-REVISED. An individualized report will be generated after entering 
the subtests scores, the VIQ, PIQ, and FSIQ, plus optional achievement test scores. The report 
includes six pages of research-backed interpretations, covering levels, strengths and weak- 
nesses, and comparisons with profiles suggesting possible brain damage, schizophrenia, 
emoticmal disturbance, and behavioral disorders. (This description pertains to the revised 
version developed in 1986,) 



WAIS-R REPORT 

Summary: This jM-ogram provides comprehensive scoring and interpretation of the WECHSLER ADULT 
INTELUGENCE SCALE-REVISED. 

Hardware: Version 3 for IBM PC and compatibles and Apple n series; Versiai 2 for Macintosh 

Intended Users ; Psychologists, counselors 

Contacl(s): Psychoiogislics, Inc. 

Cost: IBM and Apple, $250.00; Macintosh, $200.00 

Description: In this updated program, derived scores are automatically calculated, based on user-entered 
subtest Scaled Soxes and IQ scores. The nairative report summarizes the demographic data 
and test scores, prints a detailed description of the examinee and test behavior, presents the 
principal implications of the IQ scores, evaluates subtest patterns and groupings, identifies 
cognitive and intellectoal strengths and weaknesses, compares the examinee's performance 
with that of same-age peers, and summarizes implications. In addition to behavioral 
observatiwis (checklist provided). Version 3 allows entry of special characteristics of the 
examinee and the examinee's situation. Inteipretive Ipgic is similar to that of Kaufman (1979) 
and Sattler (1982). The leport may be printed out or written to text file (for modification with a 
word processor). (This description pertains to the revised version developed in 1984,) 



WISC-RITER COMPLETE' 

Summary: This software helps psychologists write WISC reports. 
Hardware: Apple He. He; IBM PC; two drives, printer 
Intended Users: Psychologists, mental health professionals 
Contact(s): Southern Micro Systems 

Cost: $495.00, includes manual, two disks (one DOS 3.3, one ProDOS), and teachers guide; 

licensing available 

Description: WISC-RITER COMPLETE allows complete editing of the comprehensive, psychological 
report based on a student's performance on the WISC-R. The user can personalize this 
computer-assisted report with any word processor by adding clinical observations or any 
interpretive statements necessary for an individualized repon. The six-page report includes 
educational recommendations. The program includes a 30-page resource book, filled with 
remediation and material suggestions to help meet student needs. The report is generated in 3-5 
minutes after entering WISC-R subtests scores, VIQ, PIQ, FSIQ, GE scores, or an achievement 
test. (This description pertains to the revised version developed in 1986, ) 

Note: See Section HI for a review of this program. 



200 



EDUCATIONAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS 



WISC-R REPORT 

Summary: This software provides comprehensive scoring and interpretation of the WECHSLER 
INTELUGENCE SCALE FOR CHILDREN-REVISED. 

Hardware: Version 3 for IBM PC and compatibles and Apple; Version 2 for Macintosh 

Intended Users: Child psychologists, school psychologists 

Contact(s): Psychologistics, Inc 

Cost: AK)Ie/IBM— $250.00; Macintosh-^200.00, includes unlimited use diskette 

Descriptioi : Scoring and interpretatira of the WECHSLER INTELUGENCE SCALE FOR CHILDRE:% 
REVISED is based on user-entered subtest Scaled Scores and IQ scores. It automatically 
calculates three pages of the most-needed derived scores. The narrative section summarizes 
demoffdfhic data and test scores, gives details of the child's test behavior, presents principal 
implicaticMis of the IQ and factor scores, evaluates subtest patterns and groupings, identifies 
cognitive/intellectual strengths and weaknesses with respect to level of performance, compares 
the child's performance with that of same-age peers, and summarizes the implications. In 
addition lo q)tional behavioral observations, (checklist provided), the program al^cws entry of 
special characteristics of the child and situati(»i. Interpretative logic used is similar in principle 
to that of Kaufman (1979) and Sattler (1982). The report can be printed out and/or written to a 
te:tt fue (for revisicm with a word processor). (This description pertains to the revised version 
developed in 1984.) 



WPPSI REPORT, VERSION 2 

Summary: This program provides automated interpretation of the WECHSLER PRE-SCHOOL AND 
PRIMARY SCALE OF INTELUGENCE. 

Hardware: IBM PC and compatibles; Apple II+, He, He 

Intended Users: School psychologists, counselors 

Contacl(s): Psychologistics, Inc. 

Cost: $250.00, includes unlinuted use diskette 

Description: This program provides automated interpretation of the WECHSLER PRE-SCHOOL AND 
PRIMARY SCALE OF INTELUGENCE, including relevant demographic data, scaled scores, 
and optional behavioral observations (checklist provided). Vhe report summarizes the 
demographic information and the subtest scaled scores. Average scores and score differences 
are also provided, as well as classification ranges and significance levels. The narrative section 
COTsists of four subsections, including: (1) a summary of demographic information and scores, 
(2) a description of child and test behavior, (3) a description of test results and their meaning, 
estimated levels of potential academic functi^^iiing, variability, relative strengths and 
weaknesses, and (4) a delineation of implications of those findings. Specific reconmiendations 
are made regarding further evaluation. Reports can be printed oit and/or written to text file on 
a second drive (for modification with a word processor). (This description pertains to the 
revised version de'^eloped in 1983.) 



ERIC 



Software for Testing 



2^ 



199 



TEST PREPARATION 



Test Taking 



CASSIP— COMPUTER ASSISTED STUDY SKILLS 
IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM 

Summary: CASSIP is a computer-presented college preparation program to improve study skills 
(behavior) and academic attitudes (motivation) and thus raise scholasuc achie^'ement. 

Hardware: Apple n+, He, He; BM PC, XT, PCjr. 

Intended Users: College students and college-bound high school seniors 

Cofitact(s): WFB Enterprises 

Cost: $1,000.00, includes Study Skills Modules: ten 5 1/4" disks plus ten 5 1/4" back-up disks; Study 

Skills Tests: Me 5 1/4" disk plus one 5 1/4" back-up disk; Study Skills Notebook: 50 copies; 
manual. The Study Skills Modules are available separately, ten disks and manual for $550.00. 
Smdy Skills Tests can be purchased (one disk and manual) for $2(X).00 

Description: This program may be used as a credit or non-credit course, as a counseling support program, or 
as a drop-in self-guided activity. The ten Study Skills Modules provide interactive instruction 
on Managing Time, Improving Memcxy, Taking Lecture Notes, Reading Textbooks, Writing 
Themes and Reports, Making Oral Reports, Improving Scholastic Motivation, Improving 
Interperswial Relations and Improving Concentration. The Study Skills Notebook provides 
questions to guiae note taking activity as students proceed through the ten disks. Student 
understanding of the computer-presented concept? and methods is evaluated by the Study 
Skills Tests which provide a total score and ten subscores. The modules, notebook and tests are 
fully correlated 'vith each other. (This description pertains to the revised version developed in 
1988.) 



COPING WITH TESTS 

This test anxiety intervention software teaches students how to do their best on tests. 

IBM PC; Apple n series 

High school and college students 

Consulting Psychologists Press 

$50.00 (student version); $150.00 (counseling center version) 

This program has four modules: an interactive "Testing Anxiety Inventory,""Relaxation 
Training" (with audio tape), "How to Focus Attention," and "Positive Imagery." It briefly tests 
the level of anxiety and reports the information in the form of a percentile rank and description 
of the score. It offers four different strategies to attack the pioblem: systematic desensitizatiOT, 
relaxation training, concentration training, and success rehearsal. (This description pertains to 
the version developed in 1986.) 

Note: S"^ Section m for a review of this program. 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



EMC 



202 



Tesi: Taking 



1 EST PREPARATION 



PREPARING FOR APTITUDE TESTS 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cos:: 

Description: 



This is a program to teach test-taking strategies and provide practice in answering questions 
posed in aptitude tests. 

Applt\ Atari (with joystick); Canmodore 64 

High school students 

Program Design International 
EISI 

$69.95 

This software helps students gain an understanding of the principles behind test problems and 
how to increase their scenes. The program contains: 

Taking Aptitude Tests — a program that demonstrates what to expect and not expect from 
the SAT 

Making The Grade — a valuable guide to the world of test-making and test-taking which 
includes strategies for many types of tests 

A Course Book— which complements the computer programs 

Vxabulary Builders— two courses that help develop verbal skills 

Analogies— examples of many types of analogies 5Jid how to find their *Tceys" 

Numl)er Series — theory and practice in supplying the missing numbers 

Quantitative Comparisons— a review of mathematics from elementary arithmetic through 
algebr^ and plane gecnnetry 

One voice cassette 



REMEMBER! 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Cmitact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program provides a flexible learning tool to help develop memory. One disk helps 
students learn SAT vocabulary. 

Apple F series: Commodore 64; IBM PC, PCjr., joystick and printer optional 
High school students 
Design Ware, Lie. 

$79.95, includes basic program; $19.95 for SAT vocabulary disk 

This program uses proven study methods to help users remember information and 
relationships Students can use it f^ almost all subjects. It lets the user organize words, 
defmitiofis, lists and explanations and provides hints for study, practice and tests. It includes 
special character sets for studying French, German, Spanish, and Italian, as well as symbols for 
math and science. French and Spanish vocabulary disks are also available fcx $19.95 each. 



Q Software for Testing 

ERIC 



P03 



201 



TEST PREPARATION 



Test Taking 



TEST TAKER'S EDGE 

Summary: This program offers memory-building strategies and practice tests to build students' test-taking 
power. 

Hardware: Apple n, 64K; IBM PC, PCjr. 
Intended Users: Grade 6 through adult 
Contact(s): Sunburst 

Cost: $75.00, includes one program disk, backup, teacher's guide, and one study disk; additional 

study disk, $15.00 

Description: Pupils get hints about memwy and learning with the goal being to relieve their test-taking 
anxiety. Practice tests are provided with matching, true/false, fill in the blank, or multiple- 
choice type questions. An Editor option allows teachers and students to create their own study 
lists on a disk. Purchase s can choose either a Vocabulary or Social Studies Study Disk. 



O 02 



Hign School Completion 



TEST PREPARATION 



BASIC SKILLS/GED SERIES FOR OLDER STUDENTS AND ADULTS 



Siunmiiry: This series includes diagnostic* remedial and mastery tests and lessons in vocational survival. 
Upgrading areas covered include reading, lakiguage arts, math, science and citizenship. 

Hardware: Api^e series 

b 4ided Users: Junior high school students C gh auults, remedial or enrichment 
Contact(s): Mind IVaining Systems 

Cosi: $150.00 for three disks-diagnostic tests; $150.00 each for remedial tests in English and math; 

12 Mastery test disks, $600.00; 28 instructional disks, $1,400.00; all » $2,450.00 (includes 
teacher's L^inual, answer key, 33 student workbooks) 

Description: The program includes diagnostic tests in five subject areas. A 70% score or less indicates a 
need for roneditl lessons. The smdent works at his/her own rate through short lessons, 
advancing from simple to more advanced material. The student remains involved by answering 
questions at frequent intervals. (This description pertains to the revised version developed in 
October, 1985.) 



COMPUTER STUDY PROGRAM FOR HIGH SCHOOL 
PROFICIENCY TESTS 

Sumiuary: This software includes three programs that provide detailed review in preparation for high 
school and juniCM' high school proficiency tests in mathematics, writing, and reading. 

Hardwm: Ap|de lie, lie 

Intended Users: Junior high and high school sMdents 

Contact(8): Instnictivision, Inc. 

Ready Reference Press 

Cost: $79.95 per area, each with five disks (Instnictivision, mc.) 

$129.50 per area, each with five disks (Ready Reference Press) 

Description: The program consists of two full-length tests (93 questions) that may be taken in mt of two 
nKxles: (x) a mtorial mode th t provides immediate feedback including explanations and test- 
taking strsucgies, and (2) a test mode in which answers are revealed only when the student 
completes the test. Each student receives an analysis of his or her performance. Skill-builders 
for each principal subdivision of the test strengthen the student's ability to handle similar 
questions in the future. (This description pertains to the revised version developed in January, 
1986,) 



GED TEST PREPARATION SERIES 

Summary: This package ofK'ers preparation for the high school equivalency diploma, offered after passing 
the GED test. 

Hardware: Apple n 

Intended Users: Adult education students 



Software for Testing 



203 



TEST PREPARATION 



High School Completion 



Contact(s): Krell Software 

Cost: $199.95, incluiks over IS disks; five individual topics available for $49.95 each 

Description: This package contains drills and simulated testing for all areas examined in the test of General 
Education Development: writing, social studies, reading skills, mathematics, and science. After 
testing, the student may obtain solutions and detailed explanations. The program will drill 
automatically oa the skills most needing improvement. (This description pertains to the 
revised version developed in 1987,) 



SCORING HIGHER ON GRADE K-9 ACHIEVEMENT TESTS 

Summary: This program offers test i»:eparation for the California Achievement Ibst, the Comprehensive 
Test of Basic Skills* the Iowa Ttsi of Basic Skills* the Metiopc atan Achievement Test, and the 
Stanfad Achievement Test 

Hardware: Af^le n series 

Intended Users: Qassroom teachers 

Contact(s): Krell Software 

Cost: $49.95 for each grade 

Description: This package provides full math and verbal preparation for elementary and junior high 
achievement tests. Hiere are 24>pToximately 25 disk sides per grade level set. Practice questions 
are identical in format to the actual tests. There is a matched set of disks for each standardized 
exfm. Programs cover language, usage, spelling, vocabulary, and other skills tested. (This 
description pertains to the revised version developed in 1987.) 



ERiC 



College Entry 



TEST PREPARATION 



ACT TEST PREPARATION SERIES 

Summary: This software cx)ntains computerized test preparation for all aspects of the Ame:ican College 
Testing (ACT) test. 

Hardware: Apple H, He, He; IBM PC; Commodore 64; TRS-80 Model m, IV 
Intended Users: High school students applying to colleges requiring the ACT 
Contact(s): Krell Software 

Cost: $300.00, includes 1 1 disks; site licenses available to districts for $500.00+ 

Description: This program is a tutorial for all aspects of the ACT. It includes a self -customized diagnostic 
feature. District site license allows duplicating disks so one is available for every student for 
independent study. Math, verbal, social science, and natural science are covered. Feamres are: 
customized individual study plans, unlimited drill and focused practice, simulation of ACT 
questions in format and difficulty level, instant answers and scores, and detailed explanations 
of solutions. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1985,) 



ADVANCED SAT/GRE VOCABULARY 

Summary: This is a program to improve the vocabulary skills of high aptitude students wishing success on 
the SAT or ORE. 

Hardware: Apple U 

Intended Users: High school and college students 

Contact(s) : Intellectual Software 

Cost: $59.95, includes three disks 

Description: The program is composed of an Antonyms disk, an Analogies disk and a Bonus Pack. The 
Antonyms disk contains 10 developmental lessons and three diagnostic tests. The Analogies 
disk has five analogies lessons and three diagnostic tests. The Bonus Pack has four pre-entered 
lessons and room for two antonyms and two analogies lessons that the teacher can enter. There 
are 1500 word defmitions in the kit, pre-tests, post-tests, contextual sentences, word-analysis 
learning techniques and a review of test-taking strategies. 



AMERICAN HISTORY ACHIEVEMENT SERIES 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This series provides practice for the College Entrance Examination Board's American History 
Achievement Exam. 

Apple n+. He, He 

Students taking the CEEB Achievement Tests 

Mindscape Inc ./Microcomputer Workshops 

$175.00, includes four disks wibi backups and teacher guides 

Designed to provide intensive review and practice for the College Entrance Examination 
Board's American History Achievement Exam, each disk contains over 1700 problems and is 



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divided into five critical ar^as of study: Intellectual History, Economic History, Foreign Policy, 
PoliUcal History, and Social Hisrcwy. All wrong answers are explained fiiUy. There is an option 
to print a hard copy of randonly generated tests. Complete error analysis and a{^roximate 
achievement sco^e is given after each batch of questions. (ThL description pertains to the 
version devebped in 1985-86.) 



ANAI,OGIES ANALYSIS 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program describe^ and provides practice in handling aiialogies for college entrance exams. 
Apple; Atari; Ccxmnodcre 64 
High xhool students 
Program Design Intematiimal 
$34.95, includes me disk 

This course defines and describes the common types of analogies. The six programs teach a 
method for analyzing analogies and provide practice in handling all types of analogies. The 
final lesson tests abilities. 



ANALOGIES COLLEGE BOUND 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This is a program to prepare students for the difficult analogy questions on college entrance 
te3t$. 

Af^le n series 

1 1th and 12th grade students 

EISI 

Hartley Courseware, Inc. 

$39.95 (Apple) fw twc c*isks. pre/post tests, teacher's guide 
$49.95 (IBM) for rae disk, backup, pre/post tests, teacher's guide 

This program contains? advarivcd and din^icult vocabulary, analogies, hints to identify 
relationships, complete rec keeping, modifiable content, and pre- and post-tests for 
placement or evaluation. 



BARRON'S COMPUTER SAT STUDY PROGRAM 



Simimary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 



This unit combines computer software with Barron's well-known SAT study guides to give 
students an advantage on the Scholastic Aptitude Test. 

Apple n,48K 

High school students 

Cambridge Career Products 
Career Aids, Inc. 
Oppommities {(x Learning, Inc. 



?06 



College Entry 



TEST PREPARATION 



Cost: $89.95 (Cambridge); $49.95 (Career Aids and Opportunities for Learning) 

Description: The computer provides instant feedback* evaluating student performance based on model 
exams. The program can piescribe an SAT smdy plan basec' on individual needs. Included are 
iiree disks, Barron*s 706-page text How to Prepare for College Entrance Examinations, a 304- 
page math workbook, a 144-page verbal workbook, and a user's manual. 



BIOLOGY ACHIEVEMENT I: CELLS AND TISSUES 
BIOLOGY ACHIEVEMENT H: REPRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT 

Summary: This series provides practice for the College Entrance Examination Board's Biology 
Achievement Exam. 

Hardware: Apfit n+» nc» lie 

Intended Users: Students taking the CEEB Achievement Tests 

Contact(s): Mindscape IncTMicroonnputer Woikshops 

Cost: $49.95 per achievement; includes one disk with backup and teacher guide 

Descriptl^^u: This series is designed to provide intensive review and practice for the College Entrance 
Examinaticm Board's Biology Achievement Exam. Disk I covers Cells and Tissues and is 
subdivided into twelve categories: Plant Tissues* Instrumentation, Cellular Tiransport, 
Photosynthesis* Nutrients* Biochemistry, Respiration & Photosynthesis, Enzymes, Animal 
Tissues* Cell Organelles, Proteins, and Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration. There are over 
10*0(X) problems. There is an opdoa to print hard copy randcnnly-generated tests. Complete 
tnof analysis and q^xoximate achievement score is given after each batch of questions. Disk 
n covers Reproducti(m and Development and includes such topics as mitosis and asexual 
reproduction and meiosis and sexual reproduction in plants. It contains over 10,0(X) problems. 
It has the option to print hard copy randomly-generated tests. There is a complete error analysis 
and an approximate achievement score is given after each batch of questions. (This 
description pertains to the version developed in 1985-86.) 



CHEMISTRY ACHIEVEMENT I: MATHEMATICS OF CHEMISTRY 

Summary: This program provides review and instruction in three areas found in the CEEB Chemistry 
Achievement Ibst. 

Hardware: Apple* 48K 

Intended Users: High school students 

Contact(s) : Mindscape/Microcomputer Workshops Courseware 
Cost: $49.95 

Description: This software will give students a chance to practice in three areas: the mole, stoichiometry, 
and solutions. Questicms are presented in varied formats, and the student may choose any 
categcny of problem — or all categories. Each of the 1000 problems includes a hint option as 
well as a full explanation of the answer. After finishing each set of problems, the student sees 
an analysis of hi^r strengths and weaknesses. An approximate CEEB score can be given. 



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COLLEGE BOARD SAT EXAM PREPARATION SERIES 

Summary: Diagnosing weaknesses and improving perfomiance are covered by this SAT preparation 
program. 

Hardware: Apple H series; Atari series; Commodore 64; TRS-80; Tandy; IBM PC and compatibles; 
Kaypro 

Intended Users: College-bound high school smdents 

Contact(s): Cambridge Career Products 
EISI 
KreU 

Opportunities for Learning, Inc. (no Atari or CommodcM'e) 

Cost: $299.95, includes 6-8 disks; district site license available for $500.00+ 

Description: After the user's skills have been diagnosed, mwe than 67 programs provide drills and practice. 

Performance is assessed while the smdent is learning, analyzing errors and customizing a 
I^ogram to improve performance. Features include 17 math programs, 22 verbal programs, 28 
English programs, and randcxnized problem presentation. (This description pertains to the 
version developed in 1985.) 



COLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAM PREPARATION (CEEP) 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



The COLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAMINATION PREPARATION (CEEP) provides the 
individualized training needed to help students prepare for college entrance examinations, 
particularly the SAT and similar achievement and aptitude tests. 

Apple n, 3.2 ot 3.3 DOS, 48K, disk drive, printer desirable 

High school smdents 

Jostens Learning Systems, Inc. 

Verbal Skills Series (5 disks) $200.00; Verbal Strategies Series (4 disks) $160.00; Mathematics 
SkiUs Series (3 disks) $120.00; complete 12-disks series for CORVUS users-^ 1,995.00; 
prices subject to change 

CEEP contains a total of 56 instructional modules on 12 diskettes organized according to the 
major test categories. Adding to the extensiveness of the CEEP series is its capacity to present 
many of the 56 modules in any one of three different modes: 

The test mode simulates test conditions and provides an overall evaluation of student 
perfomiance. Scoring includes speed of response as well as correctness and itemized questions 
requiring furth^ smdy. 

The lessOT mode includes helpful hints and explanations of questions as well as simile "right" 
an'^ "wrong" reinforcement of student response. 

The infmnation mode provides the smdent with a wealth of background information on correct 
responses as well as infCMrmatim about distractors. 

The CEEP series includes a management system tailored to the most effective use by studenis, 
teachers, and counselors. It will maintain, present for immediate review, and print out hard 
copy records of up to 85 smdents on each disk or approximately 1 ,020 for the entire 12-disk 
series. 



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TEST PREPARATION 



COMPUTER ACT PREPARATION 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Omtact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program provides drill and practice to improve ACT scores 

IBM PC; Af^le n series 

College-bound high school students 

EISI 

$89.95 

Drill secticxis are designed to improve reading comprehension and develop test-taking skills. 
The package contains three disks, a 48(>-page textbook and a user's manual including both a 
verbal and a math section. 



COMPUTER PREPARATION SAT 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



COMPUTER PREPARATION SAT is an SAT test preparation program combining a 
comprehensive textbook with an interactive computer program. 

Api4en;IBMPC 

High school smdents 

EISI 

$39.95, includes disks, 430-page textbook, user's guide 

Four complete practice tests can be timed, scored and results diagnosed. A personalized 
software-generated study plan guides students to needed areas of study. There are 1000 
vocabulary '^flash cards" and 540 drill items included in the system. Feamres include: 

• Increases knowledge in all areas, 

• Scores automatically, 

• Diagnoses student strength and weaknesses, 

• Prescribes individualized smdy and review, 

• Provides explanatory strategies, and 

• Improves test-taking skills. 



ENGLISH ACHIEVEMENT SERIES 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 



This series of Ave disks provides practice for the College Entrance Examination Board's 
English Achievement Exam. 

Apple n+. He, He; IBM PC, PCjr.; Tandy 1000 

Students taking the CEEB Achievement Ibsts 

Mindscape/Microcomputer Workshops 

$175.00, includes five disks with backups and teacher guides; disks are available individually 
for $39.95 each 



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Description: This program is designed as a grammar practice for the College Entrance Examination Board's 
English Achievement Exam. Questions using the different formats used on the test are 
rand(xnly teought up in batches of sixteen. A correct rewrite with explanation is given for all 
questions. Conq)lete error analysis and approximate achievement score is given after each 
batch of questions. Each disk presents a different exam format, (This description pertains to 
the version developed in 1982-83,) 



ENGLISH SAT 

Sumniary: This program provides aid to students taking the verbal section of the SAT, 
Hardware: Apple H, He, 64K; IBM PC, 64K 
Intended Users: High school students 
CimtactCs): Career Aids, Inc. 
Cat: $39.95 

Description: By providing explanations of all the answe' choices for the ICO questions, the program helps 
students learn the reascMung behind each choice. It includes analogies, antonyms, sentence 
completicxis, and English grammar. 



FRENCH ACHIEVEMENT SERIES 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This series provides practice for the College Entrance Examination Board's French 
Achievement Exam. 

Apple n+, nc, ne; IBM PC, PCjr,; Tandy 1000 

Students taking the CEEB Achievement Tests 

Mindscape IncTMicrocomputer Workshops 

$135.00, includes three disks with backups and three teacher guides 

Designed as a vocabulary and granunar fmctice for the College Entrance Examination Board's 
French Achievement Exam, this series uses a full French character set. It contains vocabulary 
format and two grammar format disks. Programs contain problems with opti(ms, explanati(Mis 
and translatiOTS of each pptira. The vocabulary disk contains a dictionary of 600 French 
words. Complete error analysis and r ^proximate achievement score is given after each batch of 
questions. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1983-84.) 



GERMAN ACHIEVEMENT I 

Summary: This program provides practice for the College Entrance Examination Board's German 
Achievement Exam. 

Hardware: Apple n+. He, He 

Intended Users: Students taking the C£EB Achievement Tests 



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TEST PREPARATION 



Contact(s): Mindscape IncTMicrocomputer Workshops 

Cost: $49.95, includes one disk with backup and teacher guide 

Description: Designed as a vocabulary practice for the College Entrance Examination Board's German 
Achievement Exam, this program uses a full German character set. Programs contain three 
levels of drill: beginning, intermediate and advanced, with options, explanations and 
translations of each option at each level. There is a vocabulary disk containing a dictionary of 
960 German words. Complete error analysis and approximate achievement score is given after 
each batch of questions. 



IMPROVING COLLEGE ADMISSION TEST SCORES 



Summary: This program provides an aid for college-bound students to improve their math, verbal and test 
taking skills. 

Hardware: Apple, TRS, IBM with 48K or more 

Intended Users: High school and community college students, agency/community counseling, libraries, private 
counseling practices 

Contact(s): National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP) 
Cosi: $175.00 

Hescription: The academic tests provided match the level of difficulty found on the SAT, and are self- 
pacing. The Math Series includes multiple-choice and quantitative comparison questions. The 
Verbal Series presents five areas of cognitive skill development. 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



MASTERING THE ECAT: ENGLISH COMPOSITION 

Summary: This is a test preparation and review program for the ECAT, the English Composition 
Achievement Test. 

Hardware: TRS-80 Model HI, 48K 

Intended Userf : Grades 1 1 and 1 2 

Contact(s): CBS Software 

Cost: $99.95 

Description: This software allows students to review the fundamentals of Standard Written English at their 
own pace in order to prepare for the College Board Achievement Tests. 



^ Software for Testing 

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MASTERING THE SAT/ACT/GRE 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 



Co^t: 



Description: 



Developed in conjunction with the NASSP, these programs are designed to focus on the 
specific needs of a student and to develop the experience and confidence needed for taking the 
SAr,ACT,ocGRE. 

Apple n, 48K; IBM PC, PCjr., 64K; Commodore 64 

Students expecting to take these assessment tests 

Cambridge Career Products 

Career Aids* Inc. 

EISI 

Mindsc^M, Inc. 
Opportunities for Learning, Inc. 

$99.95 - $109.95, SAT, $79.95 - $109.95, ACT (Cambridge and EISI only); $109.95 - $150.00, 
GRE; prices dependent on o^nputer, cocapmy, and inclusion of backup disks 

SAT: A fiill-leagtb pre-test determines the student's weaknesses, and problems covering thos'; 
specific areas are randomly generated. Subject areas include math, verbal skills, and standard 
written English. A post-test evaluates the student's progress. The review secti(His include a 
built-in ''constructed respcnse analysis'* that offers hints for arriving at sohiti(Xis and strategies 
for test taking. Inchides four disks. 

ACT: Covers all aspects of assessment: English, math, social studies, and natural sciences. 
Post-test gauges student's progress and targets problem areas. Inchides six disks. 

GRE: Self-paced review and instruction. Covers all three aspects of the Graduate Record 
Exam: verbal, quantitative, and analytical. Problem areas are identified. 



MATHWISE 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



MATHWISE is designed to improve math reasoning skills in preparation for college entrance 
exams. 

Apple; Atari (with joystick); CcHnmodore 64 
High school smdents 
Program Design International 
$34.95, includes one disk 

"Number Series'* generates number series problems for the student to solve. Problems are 
generated at random so that the program can be used again and again. "Quantitative 
CompariscMis" gives the student practice determining v/hich of two mathematical expressions is 
larger. Knowledge of basic arithmetic, algebra and geometry comes into play. "The Equation 
Machine" generates, at random, algebraic equations for the student to solve. Step<by-step 
solutions are included. 



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NASSP ACT TEST PREPARATION FOR MICROCOMPUTERS 

Summary: The program includes two AilMength ACT practice tests that may be taken in either test or 
tutcxial modes. 

Hardware: Api^e n+, He, He, 48K; Tandy: IBM 

Intended Users: High school students 

Contact(s) : Naticxud Association of Secondary School Principals 

Cost: $95.00, includes a set rf five disks for each of the content areas (math, science, social studies, 

and English); $320.00, includes a complete set of twenty disks 

Description: Each subject area consists of two full-length simulated tests that may be taken in one of two 
modes: (1) a tutorial mode tl\at provides immediate feedback including explanations, test- 
taking strategies, and a 'second try* option, and (2) a test mode in which answers are revealed 
only when the student con4>letes the test Each student receives a detailed analysis of his or her 
perfonnaiice. Skill-builders for each principal subdivision of the test strengthen the student's 
ability to handle similar questions in the future. (This description pertains to the version 
developed in January, 1986.) 



NASSP COMPUTER STUDY PROGRAM FOR 
COLLEGE BOARD ACHIEVEMENT TESTS 



Summary: 

HartSware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



Each five-disk program provides detailed reviews in preparation for the College Board 
Achievement Tests in English Craiposition, Mathematics Level 1, American History and 
Social Studies, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. 

Appit n+, nc. He, 48K; IBM PC 

Seoxidary school students 

Instructivision, Inc. 
NA5SP 

$79.00 per content area; six disks per content area 

Each subject area consists of two full-length simulated tests that may be taken in one of two 
modes: (1) a mtorial mode that provides immediate feedback including explanations, test- 
taking strategies, and a 'seccHKl try' optira, and (2) a test mode in wliich answers are revealed 
cmly when the student completes the test Each student receives a detailed analysis of his or her 
performance. Skill-builders for each principal subdivision of ♦he test strengthen the student's 
ability to handle similar questions in the future. (This description pertains to the revised 
version developed in January, 1986.) 



^ Software for Testing 

ERIC 



2?5 



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NASSP COMPUTER TEST PREPARATION PROGRAM FOR THE SAT 



Summary: This [Mrogram offers a tutorial review of the cognitive skills found in the Scholastic Aptitude 
Test. 

Hardware: Apple series, 48K; Commodore 64; TRS-80 Models m. IV 
Intended Users: High school students 
Contact($): NASSP 

Cost: $79.00. Verbal Series (3 disk set); $89.00. Math Series (4 disk set); $150.00 for both Verbal 

and Math Series 

Description: This program contains practice tests for math, verbal, and standard written English. Features 
include: 

• Pnxnotes analytical thinking skills. 

• Multi-level dupptodch, 

• Self-pacing. 

• CcMistmcted response analysis, and 

• Detailed explanations for each possible response. 
(This description pertains to the version developed in 1984,) 

ON YOUR MARK, GET SET! PREPARING FOR THE SAT 

Summary: This intensive tutorial program prepares students for uking both the verbal and math portions 
of the SAT. 

Hardware: IBM PC. PCjr.. XT. 128K. DOS 2.0 or 2. 1 
Intended Users: Grades 10-12 

Con tac:(s): ESD (Educational Software Division) —Houghton Mifflin Company 

Cost: $99.00. includes diskettes, one set of backup diskettes, user's guide, test booklet, and student 

progress records. Networking is now possible at $595.00 per site. Lab sets are available. 

Description: The verbal section of PREPARING FOR THE SAT covers Analogies. Antonyms, Sentence 
Completion, and Reading Comprehension; the math section includes Number Properties and 
Logic. Gewnetrj', Algebra: Equations and Operations, and Algebra: Word Problenu. Each title 
incluctes a tutorial, practice and test component. Positive and constmctive feedback is provided 
throughou^ Students are given practice on reading for speed and comprehension. (This 
description pertains to the version developed in 1985,) 



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PERFECT SCORE 

Summary: This program presents materials on screen to enable students to learn and self-test prior to 
taking the SAT. 

Hardware: Apple n series; Commodore 64/1 28; IBM PC, PC jr.; Tandy 1000; Macintosh; Amiga; optional 
printer 

Intended Users: Grades 10*12 

Contact(s): EISI 

Mindscape, Inc. 

Cost: Lab pack $250; $79.95 for Macintosh and Amiga; $99.95 for others; 6 disks, user's guide. 

$99.95. includes 6 backup disks; Lab pack has 30 program disks, user's guide 

Description: This program has both learning and testing modes, multiple formats of SAT questions, and 
timed SAT and Ibsts of Standard Written English. The user can nrint hi$/her test scores. 



PETERSON'S SAT SUCCESS FOR MICROS 

Summary: This is a software package that is designed to help students improve their math and verbal 
skills for standardized tests. 

Hardware: Apple n+. He. He. 48K; IBM PC, 1 28K 

Intended Users: Students who plan to take the SAT 

Contact(s) : Peterson's Guides, Inc. 

Co£t: $49.95 less 10% for non-profit. Includes four double-sided diskettes, a user manual, and ^ free 

copy of Peterson's SAT Success. Management diskette for the Apple n series is available for 
$20.00 less 10% for non-profit. Information about Peterson's Educator and Classroom 
packages is available bom Peters(m*s. 

Description: Based on Peterson's book, SAT Success, this program focuses students on the areas they need to 
imiH'Ove and provides a teaching tool to bring about that improvement The entire program is 
paced and c(»Urolled by the student to suit personal study habits, and the book is integrated for 
testing and backup purposes. Special features include: 

• Full-length on-screen sample tests 

• Seeding and analysis of test results 

• Interactive skill development exercises at three different levels of difficulty 

• Explanations for all test questions and skill development exercises 

• Choice of timed-test mode or tutorial mode 

• Diagnostic off-screen tests with answers entered directly into the program to create a 
personal study plan 

(Tfus program is revised annually in August.) 



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P/SAT ANALOGIES 

Summary: This program develops ttie skills necessary for success on the analogies portion of the PSAT or 
SAT. 

Hardware: App'c; IBM PC 

Intended Users: High school students 

Contact(s) : Intellectual Software 

0)st: $49.95, includes two disks 

Description: The system, made up of a developmental disk uni a diagnostic disk, has the following features: 

RelaticmshiplVpes — the 34 word relationships presented here represent those most commonly 
tested on the P/SAT, 

Review — at the end of any lesscm the user may review any fmblem skipped or answered 
incorrectly. (When all the lessons cm the developmental disk are completed, the user may 
review the vocabulary and analogy types by doing ti^.^ i^oblems in the diagnostic tests.); 

Vocabulary DefiniticHis— the definitions of the difficult wads in the problem may be called up 
by pressing the ESC key; 

ExplamuioQS — when an aiudogy problem is answered incorrectly, two sentences will appear, 
the first illustrating the relationship between the two words in the question, the second 
illustrating the relationship between the two wends in the answer; 

Test Taking Techniques— the Timed It;;; Mode simulates the time pressure and scoring of real 
test-taking conditions; 

Diagnosis — the diagnostic disk has a pretest and two post-tests. (Users m^.y save their scores 
on each test and monitor heir jn'ogress as they work through the program. Because the 
program also analyzes wwers according to relaH^^nship type, users will know which 
lessons need the most w^ 

Bo^us Lessons — teachers may insert 20 of their own analogy problems in each of the iwo 
bonus lesscMis; 

Classroom Management System — teachers may save the scores and response analyses of as 
many as 25 students and they may review this informati(Mi on the xreen or print it out on 
paper. 



psat/sat reading comprehension 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This is a program to enhance the reading comprehension skills of students planning to take the 
PSAT/SAT. 

Apple 

Students 

Intellectual Software 
$49.95, includes two disks 

This system develops high school level reading comprehension skills. The system, made up of 
a developmental disk and a diagnostic disk, has the following features: 



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Pisuse -umaries— undersu ttding of the passage as a whole; 

Vocabulary Definitions — studying difficult or unfamiliar vocabulary; 

Locaticn of Specific Information — wbtn a question is answered, the specific line(s) in which 
the answer to the question is found will appear oa the screen; 

Explanations — a brief p^ntence will e;q;)lain why a chosen answ^ is incorrect, helping the user 
select d correct answer oii the next try; 

Ibst Tddng Ibchniques— the Test Mode simulates acnial test taking conditions while the 
Instruction Mode allows for review of any missed problems. (More detailed test*taking 
techniques are included in the manual, as are suggestions on tackling the Reading 
Conqxdiension portion of the test); 

Diagnosis — ^.ogress may be monitored by using the pre-test and two post-tests in the 
diagnostic disk. 

A special ui^lay sheet compares the acc^vacy of the user's answers on all three tests. A second 
disDlay analyzes his/her responses according to subject matter. If the user is particularly weak 
in !ie subject^ he/she may then refer to the lesscm on that subject in the developmental disk. 



PSAT/SAT SENTENCE COMPLETION 



Simimary: This program helps to develop students' skills in sentence completion for college entrance 
examinations. 

hardware: Apple; IBM 

Int»ded Users: High school students 

Contact(s): Intellectual Software 

Cost: $49.95, includes two disks 

Description: The system, made up of a diagnostic disk and a lopmental disk, has the fo. owing features: 

Vxabulary Definitions — with answer choices containing difficult or unfamiliar vocabulary 
that have appeared at leas; once in the sentence-cmipletion portim of a recent PSAT or SAT 
test; 

Main Ideas — a selecticxi that helps in understanding the sentence as a whole; 

EmiAasis on Sentence Smicture — helps in understanding how the word(s) missing from any 
particular sentence, relate to the sentence as a whole (each of the six instructional lessons 
explair^, illustrates, and gives practice in dealing with sentence completion problems); 

Test Tddng Techniques— the Timed Ibst Mode simulates the timing and seeding conditions of 
the PSAT and SAT, 



QassrocHn Managen^'^ ^ 
many as 25 students c 



m -':.achers may save tne scores and response analyses of as 
be reviewed on the screen or printed on paper, 

Bonus Lessons — teachers may insert fifteen of their own sentence-completion problems in 
each of the two bonus lessons. 



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PSAT/SAT WORD ATTACK SKILLS 

Summary: These two programs prepare stc^^nts specifically for the antonyms portion of the Scholastic 
Achievement Tests. 

Hardware: App;e 48K 

Intended Users: High school students 

Contact(s> : Career Aids 
EISI 

Cost: $29.95 each 

Description: Mxabulary words, carefully selected for their frequer^ appearance on tests, are grouped into 
lessons; each word is reviewed through defmitions, sample sentences, component analysis, and 
test questions. A timed mastery test then prepares students for the real exam. There is an editor 
for teachers wanting to create their own bonus lessons; it can keep records for 25 students. 



PSAT VOCABULARY OR SAT VOCABULARY 

Summary: These programs teach high school level vocabulary for success on the antonyms section of the 
PSAT or SAT. 

Hardware: Apple; IBM PC 

Intenoed Users: High school students 

Contact(s): Intellectual Software 

Cost: $59.95, includes three disks, for either the PSAT or the SAT 

Description: Each system has two developmental disks (prefixes and roots) and a diagnostic ( < Jc. Its main 
features are: 

400 Vxabulary Words — nearly ail have been found on a recent PSAT or SAT test; 

Word-Analysis Techniques — learning the most common roots and prefixes will help users 
remember the meanings of the words; 

Contextual Sentences — by putting the vocabulary words into sentences, the program 
emphasizes their conunon usage; 

Review — at the end of any lesson, the user may review all problems either skipped or 
answered incorrectly. (A third type of review is offered in the diagnostic disks, llie tests 
containe{J in these disks review both the word-analysis skills and the specific vocabulary 
contained in the developmental disks.); 

Test Taking Techniques — use the Timed Tfest Mode in order to simulate the scoring and timing 
of the tests; 

Diagnosis — the Diagnostic Disk contains a pretest and two post-tests which will specify which 
less(His and which word-analysis skills need the most review; 

Classroom Management System — teachers may save the scores and response analyses of as 
many as 25 students and may review this information on the screen or print it out on paper. 

Bonus Lessons— teachers may insert 25 of their own antonym problems in each of the two 
bonus lessons. 



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SAVE COLLEGE DOLLARS— CLEF 

Summar • This courseware provides instruction and practice for the College Level Exammation Pro5ram 
(CLEP). 

Hardware: Apfde n 
Intended Users: Grade 11 and up 
Contact(s): Intellectual Software 

Cost: $995.00 for the scries (40 disks); $235.00 for each of five General Exams 

Description: The CLEP is a standardized multiple-choice examination administered by the College Entrance 
Examination Board for students who wish to qualify for college credits at over ISOO 
institutions. 

This software is a tutorial for the a^eas covered by the examination. Each exam contains eight 
disks. Exams are: English Composition, Natural Sciences, Mathematics, Humanities, and 
Social Sciences. 

In the English Cor X)sition program are: Spelling, Punctuation & Capitalization, Sentence 
Structure, Dicticm & Style, Logic & Organization, and Grammar & Usage. 

The Natural Sciences includes: Biology (50%), Chemistry (15%), Earth Science (Astronomy, 
Geology, MetcoiX)logy) (15%), General Science (5%), and Physics (15%). 

In the Mathematics disk are: Part 1 — Skills and cmcepts: Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry, 
Graphs, an1 Charts. Purt 2— Content (Sets, Logic, Number Systems, Modem Math, and 
Probability). 

The Humanities section provides instruction in: Literature (45%), Art (33%), Music (12%), and 
Philosophy (10%). 

The Social Sciences exam covers: History, Economics, Political Science, Behavioral Science 
(Anthropology, Psychology, Sociology). 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



SAT/ACT SKILLS SERIES 

This program provides an aid to students preparing for exams such as PSAT, SAT, or GRE. 

Apple n series; IBM PC, XT; PCjr.; single or double sided disks 

High school or college students 

Cambridge Career Products 
SEI 

$99.95 for complete set; $79.95 for the verbal skills pack which includes "Vocabulary Builder," 
"Word Analogy," "Test for Sundard Written English" (TSWE), and "Sentence Completion" 
($39.95 each if &old singly); ot SAT Math Skills pack, $65.00. 

Vocabulary Builder: Includes over 1600 entries, each stored with a synonym and antonym. The 
student selects the desired mode: synonyms for drill ot antonyms for test practice. The built-in 
authoring system allows the user to add iiKlividual words or entire test files. 

Word Analogy: Mott than 12(X) word relationships are saved in the database with questions 
that closely model aptitude tests. After attempting to solve each problem, the student has the 
qHion of viewing a hint. Over 30 types of word analogies are covered. 



Software for Testing 



2^' 



219 



TEST PREPARATION 



College Entry 



Sentence Completion: Over 300 entries are arranged in coi ipletion question format. Thi:. 
diskette requires knowledge of vocabulary, usage, verb tenses a^id even spelling. 

TSWE: Question formats involve grammatical construction and correction. This is a tool that 
will enable a hig^r score and improve oxnposition skills. 

SAT Math Skills: Over 4SC proUems are grouped into categories such as fractions, exponents, 
equations, georetry, and word i^lems. Categories whicii include grsq;>hics are as follows: 
interpfetation of line plots, flow charts, bar gri^, pie charts, and gecmetric constructions 
whidi are generated on the screen by the computer. Questions start easy and build in difficulty 
throug}! PSAT, SAT, and finally ORE levels. Several secticxis i^esent a mixed assortment of 
proUems to simulate actual tests. All questions include hints enabling students to learn the 
most efficient v ay to solve a given problem. 



SAT ALGEBRA 

Summary: SAT ALGEBRA teaches al^bra skills neces.^ary fof success on standardized college entrance 
exams. 

Hardware: Apple n series 
Intended Users: Grade 8 and up 
Contact(s): InteUectual Software 
Cost: $49.95, includes one disk 

Derxription: This disk contains a total oi over 40 algebraic rules and definitions ^ch are reviewed. An 
optional introduction at the beginning of each lesson presents the rales and defmitions related 
to problems covered in that lesson. Each problem done in Instructicm Mode is keyed to a HELP 
screen containing a specific rule or definiti<m. When the student has finished a problem, a 
detailed sdution wiU appear, confirming die calculation of the correct answer, or piiq)ointing 
the error in arriving at an incorrect one. The five lessons— Whole Numbers, Fracticms and 
Decimals, Algebra, Ratio and noportion, and Percent— contained on this disk include the most 
frequent variations of the basic mathematical concepts found on the PSAT and SAT. The 
problems in the Instraction Mode and their variaticxis in the Test Mode provide [mctice in 
api^ying these ccmcepts. Teachers may save the scores and response analyses for S students. 
They may review this infonnation on the screen or print it out on paper 



S^T GEOMETRY 

Summary: This program develops for success in geometry and cdlege entrance exams. 

Hardwal'e: Apple 

Intended Users: High school students 

C<mtact(s): InteUectual Software 

Cost: $39.95 

Description: This {Mrogram has a total of over 40 rules and definitions of geometry which are reviewed. Each 
problem done in Instruction Mode is keyed ?. HELP screen containing a specific n le or 
definition. When the student finishes a prjblem, a detailed soluticm appears to confirm the 



College Entry 



TEST PREPARATION 



correct answer or pinpoint an error. The five lessons— Coordinate Geometry, Angle Measure, 
Perinoeter- Area-Volume Levels I and n, and Quantitative Comparisons— contained on the disk 
include the most frequent variati(»is of the basic mathematical concepts found on the PSAT and 
SAT. The problems in the Instruction Mode and their variations in the Test Mode provide 
practice in applying these concepts. Test-taking techiiiques are described in the manual. 
Teachers may save the sccvej and response analyses for 5 smdents. They may review this 
information on the screen oc print it out cm p^r. 



SAT PREPARATION PROGRAM 



Summary: This miciocomputer jvogram prepares smdents lot all aspects of the SAT examination. 

Hardware: Apple H, lie, 48K, DOS 3.3; IBM PC, 64K; also available for TRS-80 and Atari (from Career 
Aids) 

Intended Users: Smdents preparing for college entrance 

Contact(s) : Career Aids* Inc. 

Oiqxxtunities fot Leamingt Inc. 

Cost: $39.95, includes seven diskettes and a user's manual. Individual programs are now available 

frcxn Career Aids for the An>le and IBM. Math Preparation Program, Verbal Preparation 
Program* and Samfde Tests Program are $19.95 each. 

Description: Smdents become familiar with the ccxqpooents and directions on the exam and are presented 
with a virtually unlimited combination of verbal and math questions. Over 1200 vocabulary 
words similar to those used on past SAT exams are included. Smdents can concentrate on 
specific tq^HCS or conqdete a simulattxl SAT examination. In areas where the smdent requires 
further smdy, the program will access "T^itomKxle," a skill building section that gives a step- 
by-stq) analysis of how a correct answer is chosen and why others are incorrect. Illustrative 
grai^cs highlight the material and built-in timing and scoring functions convert results 
automatically to equivalent College Board scores. 



SPANISH ACfflEVEMENT SERIES 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This series provides practice for the College Entrance Examination Board's Spanish 
Achievement Exam. 

Apple II+, nc. He; IBM PC, PCjr; Ttady 1000 

Students taking the CEEB Achievement Tests 

Mindscape IiicyMicroc(miputer WcKlcshops 

$135.00, includes three disks with backups arul three teacher guides 

Designed as a vocabuiary and grammar practice for the College Entrance Examination Boaru's 
Achievement Exam, this series uses a full Spanish character set It contains one vocabulary 
format and two grammar format disks. Programs contain problons with options, explanations 
and translati(»is of each option. The vocabulary disk contains a dictionary of 600 Spanish 
wmls. Complete error analysis and approximate achievement score is given after each batch of 
questicms. (This descrif/tion pertains to the version developed in 1983-84.) 



Software for Testing 



221 



TEST PREPARATION 



College Entry 



TEST OF ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE (TOEFL) 
EXAM PREPARATION SERIES 



Summary: This series prepares foreign students to take the Test of English as a Foreign Language 
(TOEFL). 

Hardware: IBM PC; Apple 11 series; CommodcHe 64; Franklin ACE; AT & T 

Intended Users: Foreign high school and pre-college students who are seeking college admission 

Contact(s): Krell Software 

Cost: $169.9S» iiicludes eight disks and audio tapes 

Description: The sen^ is cu^uxnized to assess one's perfmnance, analyze errors and use this information to 
draw up i learning program to inq)rove performance. It covers listening comprehension* 
structure and written expression, and reading comprehensioa Drill and practice are focused on 
weak areas, and there are instantaneous answers. 



VOCABULARY BUILDER I AND U 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



VOCABULARY BUILDER provides graded practice on synonyms and antonyms for test 
preparatiCML 

Apple; Atari; Ccnnmodc^e 64; TRS-80 (no TRS*80 for Vocabulary Builder II) 
High school students 
Prov^am Design International 
$34.95 per disk 

Vocabulary Builder I: Eleven programs include a set of graded vocabulary questions on 
syncmyms and antonyms (the most common type of vocabulary questiwis on an IQ test). The 
l"^t lesson is a vocabulary test There are 400 questions and 2000 wwds in the course. 

\^abulary Builder 11: There are eleven programs like those in Vocabulary I which use a more 
advanced word list 



WORDWISE: ANALOGIES/ASTROQUOTES 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This course teacues verbal thinking skills for people who wish to improve their vocabulary or 
prepare for entrance examinations. 

Apple; Atari; ConrnKxkve 64 

High school students 

Program Design International 

$34.9S» includes one disk 

Programs teach a simple method of analyzing the analogies-type question (A is to B as C is to 
?). Hundreds of poss^Ne analogies are included. An aaostic game is included in the package. 
The program rand'" " merates quotations, producing hundreds of possible combinations. 



O 222 



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TEST PREPARATION 



WORDWISE: SWONYMS/ANTONYMS 

Sumniary : This program is a vocabulary building system for people who wish to improve their vocabulary 
or for students preparing for the SAT or other college entrance exams. 

Hardware: Apple; Atari (with joystick); Commodore 64 

Intaided Users: High school students 

Contact(s): Program Design International 

Cost: $34.95, includes one disk 

Description: The computer makes un i»x)blems for the students to solve and then evaluates how well the 
student is doing. One secticm generates the problems by random, allowing for an inflnite 
number of practice problems. *The Electronic Dictionary" is built into the course so that the 
student can ask the meaning of a word while solving a problem. A crossword-generating 
program called **Puzzler** is also included. Different puzzles are created purely at random 
allowing the student to put newly-learned skills to work. WORDWISE is designed to improve 
a person's vocabulary by hundreds of words. 



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TEST PREPARATION 



Graduate and Professional School Entry 



THE GRADUATE MANAGEMENT ADMISSIONS TEST (GMAT) COURSE 

Summary: This program gives practice, diagnosis and pre-testing for the Graduate Management 
Admissicms Ttst 

Hardware: IBM PC or c(Miq)atible, 1 28K 

Intended Users: Students needing to take the GMAT 

Contact(s): C(KnweU Systems, Inc. 

Cost: SIOO.OO, includes five disks, 200-page manual, and study guide 

Description: This sctftware offers math and grammar reviews. The menu contains eight study choices: math 
review, problem solving, data sufficiency, grammar review, sentence correction, analysis of 
situations, reading oxnprehension, and a simulated test. (This description pertains to the 
version developed in 1986.) 



GRADUATE MANAGEMENT ADMISSIONS TEST (GMAT) 

PREPARATION SERIES 

Summary: This system can be used to prepare a student to take the Graduate Management Admissions 
Test foi admissiOi? to MBA jMrograms in business schools. 

Hardware: Apple; Conunodore 64; Franklin; IBM PC, PCjr.; AT & T; Zenith 

Intended Users: College graduates 

Contacts): Krell Software 

Cost: $349.95, includes six to eight disks; multiple copy license available 

Descriptira: The program enables the user to review reading conq)rehensi(m, verbal ability, writing ability, 
analysis of business situations, mathematics and problem solving, aiKi data sufficiency. It 
simulates GMAT questions, format and difficulty level; provides solutions and detailed 
explanations; diagnoses student's skills automatically and customizes individual study plans; 
and provi^s unlimited driU and focused practice. Using SCL, Self-Customizing Logic, it 
targets the skills the student must master and analyzes errors. (This description pertains to the 
version developed in 1985.) 



GRADUATE RECORD EXAMINATION (GRE) PREPARATION SERIES 



Steaflmary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program jmpares cdlege students to take the Graduate Recced Examination (GRE). 

Apple n, nc, ne; IBM PC 

Students required to take t(ie GRE Exam 

Krell Software 

$299.9$, includes multi-disk set; site license available at reduced cost 

In this multi-disk series* students are coached for all types of GRE questions. The program 
autcxnaticaUy diagnoses the student*s skills, analyzes the student's answers, customizes the 
study plans* and provides unlimited drill and focused practice. The program simulates GRE 



224 



Graduate and Professional School Entry 



TEST PREPARATION 



questions* fonnau and difficulty level; plus, students leam solutions and explanations to the 
questions* which are generated randcnnly. (This description pertains to the version developed 
in 1984.) 



LAW SCHOOL ADMISSION TEST (LSAT) EXAM PREPARATION SERIES 

Summary: This series is used lo prepare college students for the Law School Admission Test (LSAT). 

Hardware: Apple; Commodore 64; Franklin ACE; IBM PC, PCjr. 

Intended Users: Students hoping to gain admission to law schools 

Coiitact(s): Krell Software 

Cost: $349.9S» includes 10-11 disks; unlimited duplication and multi-copy license available 

Description: The series uses Self-Customizing Logic (SCL) to target unlimited drill and focus practice 
directly at die skills die student needs to inqprove higher test scores. SCL assesses the user's 
performance, analyzes enors, and uses this infoimaticm to customize a learning program. The 
program covers proUems in areas such as logic and writing ability. Also included are material 
on solving logical proUems, a vocabulary building package, and grammar and English usage 
nuterial for the essay pcvtioa The program simulates LSAT questicms, fomat, and difficulty 
level. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 



NATIONAL TEACHER EXAM (NTE) PREPAR4TI0N SERIES 



Summary: This is a compuurized px)gram to {vepare for the Naticxial Teacher Exam. 
Hardware: Apple II, Uc, He; IBM PC; Ccxnmodore 64 

Intended Vsers: Candidates for teaching certificates required to take the NTE and other professional teacher 
exams 

Contact(8): Krell Software 

Cost: $349.00, includes multi-disk set; site purchasing agreements available at reduced cost 

Description: This is cooqwterized test preparatim material for the National Teacher's Exam. It includes self- 
customized learning in a multi-disk series. A aut(Hnatically adjusts the questicms it selects to 
give the user practice in hi$/her weakest areas. Content includes: core bauery preparation; 
gene. ^ knowledge of literature, art, science and social studies; conmiunication skills of 
grammar, spelling, reading, word usage; mathematics, such as algel^a, geometry, number 
theory and exponents; and educational theory, planning and evaluation. (This description 
pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 



Software for Testing 



225 



TEST PREPARATION 



Graduate and Professional School Entry 



PRE-PROFESSIONAL SKILLS TEST (PPST) PREPARATION SERIES 

Summary: This multi-disk set prepares students for the Pre-Professional Skills Test. A CBEST version is 
also available for those seeking a public school teaching position in California. 

Hardware: Apple n, He, He; IBM PC 

intended Users: Students required to take the PPST for college admission or teacher certification 

Contact(s): Krell Software 

Cost: $299.95, includes multi-disk set; site license available at reduced cost 

Description: This set provides compatmzi^d preparation materials for the PPST, which evaluates students 
for teacher certification, entrance eligibility, anH job entry in 70 crates. "Granunar, What Big 
Teeth You Have!" hdps widi granunar, wwd usa^e, and spelling. 'The Oevil and Mr. Webster" 
is designed to build vocabulary for reading and writing essays. "Spxial PPST Math" drills 
with math proUems. '^Reading CcHiqvehensicxi*' ensures that the students' reading skills are 
standard The PPST is used in Ohio, Tennessee, Minnesota, New Hampshire, Nevada, West 
Virginia, Kansas, Arizcma, Delaware, and Texas. The version for CalifOTiia is the California 
Basic Education Skills Test (CBEST). (This description pertains to the version developed in 
1985.) 



^26 



Software for 
Administration 



2^,1 



SYSTEMS 



THE ADMINISTRATIVE ANSWER 

Summary: These five integrated and comprehensive software systems offer complete computerized 
handling of student infcMination. 

Hardware: Miciocoiiq>uter systems using IBM-DOS, S12K, lOMB haid disk minimum for one system; 
640K and 20MB hard disk for network; serial port foi card reader 

Intended Users: Administrates, guidance officers, teachers, clerical personnel 

Contact(s): Allied Educational Systems 

Cost: $950.00 each package; $225.00 per year service contract; special prices for three or more 

systems; call (603) 225-5522 for more informaticm 

Description: GRADE REPORTING: The Grade Reputing System processes marie sense cards and produces 
full-sized report cards with student name and hcHneroom number, parent name and address, a 
school-wide message, teacher and course names, and numerical or leuer grades as well as 
course comments, cumulative credit hours, and attendance data. The software system also 
assigns students to homenxHns and prints any or all of the following reports: student list by 
school or year of graduaticm; class lists; homeroom lists; teacher lists; course catalogues; report 
card comment lists; high and low hooor rdls for each class; rank in class listings based on 
grade point average listings; student failure amf incomplete lists; frequency distribution of 
grade by teacher, course, year of graduaticm; frequency distribution of grade by department; 
self-sticking permanent record labels; mailing labels. 

INTERIM REPORTING PACKAGE: This program makes it possible to produce grade reports 
with up to two comments per student per grading period to send home to parents . 

EDUCATIONAL ASSESSMENT TEST SCORING: The Test Scoring System processes marie 
sense cards and corrects multifde-choice tests of up to 100 questicms, correlating test questions 
and objectives. This scoring software may be used for a school or for an entire district. 
Depending on that choice, eight different tepofls are available indicating individual student 
performance, test group performance, and/or school-wide performance. Reports can be 
generated for individual student performance, school-wide performance, mdjor district-wide 
perfonnance. In addition, school, student, test, and objective lists may be printed. 

SCHEDULING: A new feature of this {Mrogram is its ability to build a master schedule after 
being given the possible sections, courses, places, and teachers. The Scheduling System also 
processes student pre-registraticm mark sense cards and prints 13 reports that assist the 
guidance department in making its nuister schedule. These reports are: course catalogues; 
teacher catalogues; student failure to pre-register lists; student error lists; under-enrolled class 
lists and students in those classes; simple tally of courses by grade, department and sex; student 
course request catalogues; student verification sheets; homeroom lists; study hall lists; course 
conflict matrix; and lists of courses and students requesting each course. The master schedule 
is entered into the compute, and the computer assigns students to classes. The school may also 
use a^na scheduling. Either way the computer can then print student schedules and teacher 
rosters. 

DAILY ATTENDANCE ACCOUNTING: The Attendance System processes mark sense cards 
at the start of each school day and produces an absentee list. Information may be updated 
throu^iout the day as required, and attendance may be kept by class on a daily basis. Schools 
can use up to twenty self-selected attendance categories and can group students within 20, 
user-deflned student descriptive categories, each category having a possible 20 sub-categories. 
Reports are based on these categCMles and sub-categories and/or on user-defmed periods of 
time, allowing maximum flexibility m meeting attendance reporting requirements. 



Software for Administration 



230 



229 



APPLE HGS SYSTEM 



Suminary: This program is a six-module system designed to serve the needs of school administrators and 
counselors. 

Hardware: Apple IIGS, 80-column printer 

Intended Users: Administratcx^, ':x)uuselors 

Contact(s): Surfside Software 

Cost: $2»49S.OO for cosnplete suite; $495.00 per unit 

Description: The Locator nGS supports 999 student rccwls on one disk, provides 24 data fields (16 user- 
defined) for each student* calls up by name» sorts on any five fields, interfaces to a woid 
processor, conqmtes, tracks by failing grades or absences, and subgroups on any criteria. It is 
the necessary *1iosr'* for the other nGS programs. 

The Qassifier IIGS is the scheduling program* It generates a master schedule subject to the 
user's constraints, takes student names and addresses from the Locator nGS, schedules two 
semesters at a time, allows two-level priority, and allows alternate requests. It {H'oduces class 
rosters, student schedules with home addresses, teacher schedules, room schedules, lists of free 
teachers by periods, free rooms by period, and teacher contact load. 

The Rqx)rter nGS is the report card generator. It can include 999 students, course emolhnents 
drawn from the Classifier nGS, ten maricing periods, twelve courses per student, number 
grades 0-100, 155 letter grades, "effort" and "corwluct- grades and 255 different u'^^i-defined 
comments. 

The Transcriber EOS: While the Reporter HGS keeps track of records of a student's current 
perfomumce, the lYanscriber nGS keeps track of his or her entire grade hist(My. It records 
courses taken, the grade achieved, and the credits earned or attempted. From this it can 
constma a unified transcript showing each course with its pertinent dau and in addition, the 
credits per dq)artment, the total credits earned, the student's lifetime GPA and standing in his 
or her class. It can include 999 students and 60,000 grades. There is an automatic overflow if 
some students have more gradt-^ than usual. Counselors can have rapid retrieval of single 
records, or retrieve information in many ways. They can see credits earned oxnpared with 
graduation requirements and arrange for warning notices to be prepared autcxnatically. 

The Enforcer nGS manages student discipline records to inq)rove tracking of an individual 
student's behavior. Users may track disciplme dau by student, date of infraction, teacher 
involved, disciplinarian, offense cwnmiited and action taken. The Enforcer also aiaWcs one to 
analyze trends indicated by disciplinary incidents and the various outcomes. It will track 
student discipline infractions by any of 255 user-defined offense descriptors. The program can 
define and utilize up to 255 action descriptors. The Apple version will hold up to 1,000 
students and 8,000 incidents. (This program is also available for the IBM PC and will hold 
2,500 students and 32,000 incidents.) 

The Inspector nGS is the attendance package. It requires The Locator HGS to capture names 
and addresses. It can handle up to 999 students with a full year of daily attendance on one disk. 
It allows eleven major categories of daily attendance, 99 possible sub-categories, sub-group 
and group totals, summaries for specified time periods, 26 period statuses and various searches. 
It posts daily attendance to the Repcmer HGS. 

(This descr^tion pertains to the version developed in 1987,) 



231 




SYSTEMS 



APPLEWORKS 2.1 



Summary: This integrated program generates, stores, and shares data among three applications: 
spreadsheet, data-processing, and database management. 

Hardware: Apide (64K) nc, nc+, lie, IIGS 

Intended Users: School, ofHce, home 

Contacts): Qaris C(Hporati(Hi 

Cost: $249.00 

Description: A two-disk inter-program process allows the above three program options to be used 
individually or to be integrated. Features include a desktop memory that allows the user to 
store up to 1 2 files, create and edit documents, and manipulate data. 

Note: See Secticm m fcH* a review of this program. 



ES/2 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This package is part of a total school administrative system designed to develop school 
schedules, issue grade cards, and report attendance. Data are interchanged between the 
elements and from year to year. 

IBM PC, two drives, 128K, 80-column primer 

Administrators, counselors, suppcHt personnel 

CMA Micro Computer 

$1,7S 5.95, includes the complete system, nuuiuals, support and newsleuer 

The CLASS SCHEDULING SYSTEM allows for the development of a proposed course 
schedule and registration of student requests for the courses. Requests can be tallied and 
conflicts analyzed Once a master schedule has been established, the system will autcnnatically 
schedule the students and prepare class rosters for the teachers. Hand scheduling is also 
allowed f^x* special problem situations. 

There is a complete repc^ card and grading management under THE GRADING SYSFEM. 
Grades can be entered by teachers or office staff using the keyboard The system will print 
report cards, counselor labels* and transcript reports. Data on student attendance can be printed 
an report cards. The flexible filing system also allows such special reports as honor rolls and 
lists of failing students. It has the capacity for 9,999 courses and 9,999 students. 



FOCUS CHURCH AND NON-PROFIT MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE 



Summary: The FOCUS system turns a membership roster into a sophisticated congregation resource 
directory, budgeting, and tracking system. 

Hardware: IBM and compatibles, 512K (if single user); 640K hard disk required on file server for 
networker, call ccmipany for further information 

Intended Users: Administrative staff of churches or other non-profit organizations 



Software for Administration 



232y 



231 



SYSTEMS 



Contacts): IntemttiODal Micro Systems 

Co&t: $1,49S.C;) for complete system including Membership, Pledges and Conulbutions, Fund 

Accounting, Accounts Payable, Membership Attendance, and Personnel/Facilities Scheduler 
Fund Accounting and Church Membership/Pledges and Contributions are available for 
$750.00 each if purchased separately 

Description: This system enables an organization to track member names and addresses, occupaMons, 
pledges, committee assignments, &^ other categories which can custom desig*^ed. It keeps 
track of important events in each member's life (birthdays, lumiversaries. etc.) so the 
organization can send personal messages if desired. One can ask the computer tor a printed list 
or set of mailiirg !^ls of members with talents, skills, or resources needed for a project. The 
infmnation can be used to make membership directories. 

The user can fmd out i^n and how much in pledges or membership dues can be expected in 
the future. The Fund Accounting module reports the budget, monthly and year-to-date 
cypenses, balance sheet, and encumbrances in an easy-to-read format. Each account is 
automatically updated when money comes in or goes out. The system automatically issues 
checks for the usual monthly bills, and payables cm be {Micxitized It prints all checks, a check 
register, and posts the totals. A friendly letter of thanks and record of contributicHis can be sent 
to acknowledge dmations. The \ stem schedules appointments and outside ccmunittuents for 
each member of the clergy or staff and prints out daily or weekly schedules. It also prints a 
weekly calendar of events showing cojunittee meetings, choir i^actices, services, etc. The 
program tracks member attendance and issues reports. The ?ystem is also useful for creating 
mailing labels, envelopes, and pers<malized letters to all menbers. (This description pertains 
to the version developed in 1982,) 



MAC SCHOOL 

Summary: MAC SCHOOL is an integrated software package for scheduling, attendance, gradebook and 
report, cards, heal^ reports, and librai)' :racking. 

Hardware: Maciniiosh Plus, 20MB bare sk, Apple Talk; scanner optional 

Intended Users: School adminisu^ators, counselors 

Contact(s): EISI 

Cost: $3,050.00 for all units; individual units for $300.00 to $900.00. Multi-site license available. 

Description: The package includer .nodules M'hich are available separately or as an integrated package 
depending upon the needs of tb' ^^c^l. The "Marks" module reads Apple Ue and Apple IIGS 
as well as Macintosh. The syst^ can impc^export data via an ASCII format to a district 
minicomputer. Each student's demographics are typed {or scaimed) in once and the data are 
then available to each module. There are various levels of password protection. The "Library" 
module can tt'ack 30,000 bodes and 4,000 borrowers and can print overdue notices, book 
labels, catalog cards and statistics repms. "Advanced Boc^gs" has a bui?t-Ji calendar and 
can be used to order aiKl teserve hocks. "Scheduling" allows an unlimited number of students, 
up to 200 courses f(x each grade, and unlimited academic levels and course prerequisites. 
"Attendance** also has an unlimited number of students and use ilefmed atteiklance codes. An 
autodialer may be used with a smart nuxlem for selected parents to be notified. Letters can be 
autcxnatically generated according to set criteria. InfcMmation can be linked to report carded and 
transcripts. "Marks" has 41 user-defined letter or nw.cric grades, can acconunodate weighted 
score'* and can automatically calculate. It can produce numerous sorts, reports, and searches. 
"Report Card' sununarizes information from the other modules and acconmiodates teacher 



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comments and school messages. It also produces schooi*wide statistics and matrices. 
Immunization** module will track students' need fc^r health immunizations. "Query" allows 
asld^ig questions of the database. **Quer>/Analysis*' aUows asking questions, computation, and 
analysis of dat'a>ase. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1987.) 



MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE FOR SPECIAL EDUCATION 



Summary: 



Hardware: 



iiis is an informaticm management and reporting system. It maintains student data for 
Individualized Educati(» Plans (IEPs)» achievement tests» and pupil/persoimel analysis; it 
generates reports for placement, Full Time Equivalent (FTE) reimb:irsements, state and federal 
compliance, lEPs, parent letters, etc. 

IBM PC, XT, AT, or compatible, 2S6K, one disk drive, hard disk; Apple He, He, HGS, 128K, 
80-column card, two disk drives 

Intoided Users: A'^ Istrators, directors, teachers of special education 

Contact(s): Learning Tools, Inc. 

Cost: $2895.00 (program can be bought in parts as shown); $895.00— IPS; $1795.00— APS; 

$295.00— CMS (see program descriptira below) 

Description: The management system is composed of three components, the Administrative Planning 
System (APS), Individualized Planning System (IPS), and the Curriculum Management 
System (CMS)» which interface with me another. IPS and CMS are used at each school site to 
generate Individual Education Plans (lEPs) and to maintain demographic and testing data, and 
goals and objectives for each student APS is used at the administrative level to store data for 
aU students in the school district The administrator can print reports by categories ot data. 
(This description pertains to the revised version developed in 1979.) 



MEGAMASTER 

Summary: MEGAMASTER is a total school administrative system with elements designed to develq> 
school schedules, manage grade cards, prepare attendance reports, maintain student 
denx)gra(^c databases, and prepare mid-tenn parent reports. 

Hardware: Api^e n, He. ne, two drives, 48K, 80-colunm printer 

Intended Users: Administrators, counselcvs, suf^rt staff 

Contact(s) : CMA Micro Conqmter 

Cost: $ 1 ,995.00, includes all elements, manu Js, support and newsletter 

Description: The elements of this system allow the interchange of data in this integrated package. The Qass 
Scheduling element develops schedules and registers students' course requests, tallies them and 
a.*v : zes conflicts. Students are autonmtically scheduled and class rosters are prq>aFed for the 
tea;ly;rs. It also al* ^ws hand schedulmg fot special problems. The Grading System accepts 
schedules from Qass Schedules and grades entered by keyboard. It will print report cards, 
counselor labels, snd repmts iiseful for transcript numagement Data on student attendance can 
9lso be printed on rtpon cards. It will generate honcv rolls, students who are failing courses, or 
other sp^ial reports. The Atf^ndance Program [vepares absent and tardy lists, iqxlates excused 
information when it becomes available, and C(HnpiIes/summarizes information for local aid 



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state axtendance reporting. The Academic Seaetary element allows caotoniized database fields 
so %Iiools can have mfwination as they need it; such as, all smdents in a club or those with a 
panicular interest or need. It will also print labels for mailing. Mid Term Report prepares 
special individual student reports between grading periods by using school designs, paragraphs, 
and custom parent letters. 



MMS: MODULAR MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR SCHOOLS 



Summary: 



Hardware: 



MMS is a software system designed to handle smdent scheduling, grade reporting, attendance 
reporting, discipline reputing and data management on over 70 brands of microcomputers for 
any schocd size. 

IBM and coii^)atiblcs; Apple; TRS-80; Macintosh; MS-DOS, CP/M 80, flc^py/hard drives, 
netwcMidng; contact company for further informaticm 

Intended Users: Administrators, counselors, clerical personnel 

Contact(s): C(Mnputer Resources, Inc. 

Cost: $399.00 for The Master FUe System, $149.00 for Extended Master File Option; 

$199.00 for Study Hall Scheduling, $199.00 for Course Placement, $249.00 for Scanner Input 
option; 

$949.00 for Grade Reporting, $249.00 for Scanna Ii^ut Interface; 

$449.00 for Attendance Reporting, $349.00 for Autocall Interface, $149.00 for Utter Link, 
$249.00 for Scanner Ii^wt Interface. $349.00 for Period-to-Period; 

$349.00 for Discipline System 

Description: The Master FUe System is the required centerpiece of the MMS. Biographical information is 
saved each smdent The system allows sorting and displaying of this information in an 
unlimited number of ways. This naodule can print mailing? labels, homeroom lists, bus lists, etc. 
It features up to 1.000 students per grade level; 20 ddxa fields per smdent including ID number, 
sex, birthdate. year of graduati(m, hcxnenxm, telephone number, parent's first aiKi last name, 
address, and five user-defined data fields; a sort by one or several data fields; printed repwts; 
and smdent dau display. Extended Master File (^tion adds 70 additional user-defined fields 
with all report and sorting capabilities. 

Scheduling System enables efficient scheduling of students using a three-phase process: 
assigning courses to each smdent, assigning sections to smdents' course selections, and fmally, 
producing a final set of scheduling documents. It features up to 18 courses and 8 smdy halls 
per smdent; up to 300 courses. 1200 sections, 150 teachers and 160 smdy halls per master 
schedule; year, semester, and quarter courses, up to a 7-day cycle; up to 16 periods (mods) rer 
day; linked sections for labs, modular courses, etc.; imority scheduling of courses; scheduling 
passes with ' ->tional section over-loading and semester balance capability; and study hall 
scheduling and scanner OMR c^on. 

Grade Reporting System provides an extensive set of reports: grade verification lists, report 
cards, transcript labels, class rank lists, honor roll lists, grades cross-reference lists, and 
teacher/department grade distributions. The system acconmiodates user-defined letter grades 
and interpretations, and grades entiy by smdent or by class. Data in the Scheduling System are 
shared with the Grade Repcming System, and attendance totals may be transferred from the 
Attendance Reporting System. The system features up to 78 letter grades and inteipretations; 
up to 23 pieces of grade reporting information per course, including grades and comments for 
up to 6 terms, mid-year/final exam/average grades, semester 2 average grade, and ^'^urse 



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credit; cumulative and cunent year credits, credits attempted and grade points, GPA, honor roll 
status, and quarterly attendance totals. It has quarter or 6- week reporting cap^^bility. 

Attendance Reporting System enables recording of daily attendance and entry/withdrawal 
status for each student Reports include entry/withdrawal, attendance recoiding lists, daily 
attendance lists, attendance registers, and statistical reports. Hie system features up to SO user- 
defined attendance codes and interpretations; up to 204 full- or half-day calendar days, up to 8 
codes and dates per student; and att^idance recording for up to 204 days per student. Period- 
by-Period option allows user to take attendance every class period. Up to 10 user-defined 
attendance codes, link updates* daily attendance and grade reporting are possible. 

The Discipline System allows the user to nuuntain a record of each student's behavior for the 
school year. It can print reports by student or by teacher using selection criteria such as 
start/stop dates, disciplinary action taken, specified number of infracti(His or particular 
infractions like cutting class. It features up to 99 user-defined information codes and 
interpretittions. 

(This description pertains to the version developed in 1983.) 



MODULARIZED STUDENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (MSMS) 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
CoQtact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



MSMS can be used for generating Individual Education Plans (lEFs) and federal reports. 
Apple He, ne» two disk drives* 80-column card, printer 
Special educaticm administrat(H^, teachers 
Educaticm TURNKEY Systems 
$79S.00» includes manual and software 

The MODULARIZED 3TUDENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (MSMS) allows local districts 
to gather user-defined data on handic^qpped students and to print out lEPs incorporating district 
spcvified goals and objectives, i he system can also provide the data needed to meet federal and 
state reporting requirements. (This description pertains to the revised version developed in 
1986.) 



PFS: SCHOOL RECORDKEEPING SYSTEM 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



Tnis system can file» retrieve J»n<5 process vast quantities of information. 
Apple He, He, PrcDOS or? y, o4K, two drives 
Administrators, counselors, support staff 
Opportunities for Learning, Inc. 

The complete system includes PFS:File, Report, and Graph, $125.00 each 

The system includes comprehensive, ready-to-uoe "electronic forms," wherein data may be 
^bulated, cross-referenced, or printed into a hardcopy repot in seconds. Among tlie 30 reports 
this system will produce, a few are: 

• mailing lists 

• student emergency information 



Software for Administration 



235 



SYSTEMS 



student record management 
budget and requisiticHi control 
property management 
rocxn and event schedule 
parent and PTA mailing labels 
vaccinaticm and busing lists 
school event calendars 
order analyses 
revenue reports 
class schedules 
requisition and purchase 
teacher and student location reports 
order analysis 

Once information is entered into the fomi» the user can produce student lists» budget reports» 
mailing labels* schedules* charts and graphs. 



REGISTRAR 
(For Training Departments) 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This system will regist^ students* develop class rosters and transcripts* report statistics* keep 
grades* make letters* and more. 

IBM PC* 384K* multi-user needs DOS 3.1 LAN 

Agency* corporation training administrators 

Silton-Bookman 

$tlS .00* includes word processor* Data Link export utility; $4895.00 for multi-user version; 
$25.00 for demo kit 

Designed to keep student and class information in me place* REGISTRAR keeps ail records 
and creates reports. It will enroll and wait-list students* print cla&s rosters and student 
transcripts* send letters using text merge* print mailing labels* compile enroUment statistics* 
keep class grades* send data to other software* and stCHe information on thousands of classes 
and students. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1987,) 



SASI U: SCHOOLS ADMINISTRATIVE STUDENT IN. ORMATION 

Summary: SASI n is a school-based multi-user system that provides all the student record-keeping needs 
of any type uf school: elementary* j jiior high* hign school, private or public. Modules 
available are: Basic Database Applications* Scheduling* Attendance, Grades* Histories* and 
Test Scoring. 



2"^ 



SYSTEMS 



Hardware: IBM PC, AT, or ccxnpatibles, 2S6K memory, 10MB hard disk. For larger schools, networking 
systems available are 3 ^ is from 3 Com and Novella. Call about other networks. 

Intended Users: Counselors, vice principals, guidance personnel, attendance personnel, principals, registrars, 
district oSke testing perscmnel (in use in more than 400 California schools) 

Contact(s): Educational Uroesharing Systems 
EduComp Systems, Inc. 

Cc t: Software costs vary depending on number of modules purchased and whether a single or 

network version is desired; $1500.00 f(x one Application Module; $11,500.00 for a large 
networic system with all Aiq)licati(xi Modules; substantial multiple site discounts s^ply 

DescTf ptlr-- . SASI n is a conqxrehv^^nsive series of programs for use on microcomputers. It will support 
schools of up to 8,192 students (including turnover), 1,999 class secti(nis, 9,999 courses, and 
199 teachers. 

All noodules are integrated with the Basic Applications package and with each other and may 
be installed in any combination. 

BASIC APPLICATIONS: Student, Master Schedule, Course and Teacher Files, Discipline and 
Counselor Visitati(m Files and QUERY are included. Print programs {M'ovide class rosters, 
student locators labels, reports, tallies, ccxnputer generated letters, and more than 50 other 
items. 

STUDENT SCHEDULING: Computer and arena scheduling are supported. Keyboard or 
qHical mark reader ii^t of course request data is possible. Up to sixteen course requests may 
be scheduled in eight periods fcMr a full year, by semester, by trimester, or by quarter. Tallies, 
student listings, potential craflict listings, jmscheduling edits, class load analysis and reject 
listings are possiUe. On-line scheduling is ix)w possible for individual students. Master 
schedule builder is also included. 

GRADE REPORTING: Academic, citizenship, work habits marks, variable credit and 
comment codes can be input through keyboard or optical mark reader, to produce mailing- 
ready report cards, teacher verification lists, mark analysis Ustings and honor roll;;. Final grades 
may be automatically transferred to the course histmy "ile. 

COURSE HISTORY: Historical course and grade infcnmaticm is maintained for each student 
from which cumulative GPA and class rank reports and grade transcripts are produced. In 
addition, the system numitors each student's credit status toward graduation. Any update to a 
student's marks or credits will automatically recalculate up to three different types of GPA. The 
system also provides for academic and nonacademic courses and weighted GPA for advanced 
classes. Included is a very sophisticated new transcript form. 

PERIOD ATTENDANCE: Absenc^Aardy lists may be collected each period cm class rosters 
and ii^r through a CRT terminal or by an optical mark reader. Up to 26 reasons for absence or 
tardy may be coded for each of ten periods per day, and a full year of information is 
immediately accessible on each student. Letters to parents at three checkpoints may be 
generated. Other reports include daily absence listing, truancy listings and a variety of absence 
summaries. 

TEST SCORING: Standardized testing includes score conversion to national norms, student 
histograms of percentiles, item analysis, and administrative summaries. For comperency 
testing, pas$/fail information may be maintained for up to five tests on each student's record. 
Reports include overall test result listings, student profiles s'^owing objective results, item 
analysis, permanent record labels, and parent notification letters. 

(This description pertains to the revised version developed in ^987,) 



Q Software fcK" Administration v> Ooo 237 



SYSTEMS 



SCHEDULING/GRADING SYSTEM 

Summary: This is «i program of class scheduling and student grading. It includes master scheduling, report 
card printing, and transcripts. 

Hardware: Any coaster system that operates under CP/M, CP/M 86, MS-DOS, or PC-DOS; requires 
360KB drives, 64KB RAM, and 132-coIumn printen hard disk recommended 

Intended Users: Administrators, counselors, and support staff 

Coiitaa(&): ADTECH 

Cost; $550.00, includes soA ./are license, documentation, media 

Description: This pn)gram provides course scheduling of teachers, rooms, and students. It creates a master 
schedule, room usage repoiru teadier schedules, class rosters, smdent schedules, and report cards. 
It will acconmiodate time conflicts. Chatsworth Data Input (option) interfaces with 
ATTENDANCE SYSTEM. (This description pertains to the revised version developed in J985,) 



SCHOOLBASEin 

Summary: SCHOOLBASE m is an integrated school management system that handles scheduling, 
attendance, and grade rqx>rting. 

Hardware: IBM PC and compatibles, 5 12K and 1 0MB haid disk drive; scanner optional 

Intaided Users: Administrators and counselors 

Contact(s): K-12MicioMedia 

Cost: Call for information; can purchase c»ie to three modules 

Uescription: This program handles 9,999 smdents, up to 16 periods per day, up to 1,000 teachers, and 100 
courses in up to 100 departments. "Scheduling" allows each smdent to be assigned up to 20 
courses per year and up to 10 credit courses per temt There can be an unlimited number of 
courses in the master timetable, they can be assigned individually or collectively, and sections 
are balanced and designed to eliminate conflicts. >^irhdrawal dates, codes, and cumulative 
absences can be tracked 

"Attendance" can keep period-by>penud or whole- oi half -day attendance record reasons for 
absence by user-defmed codes, integrate with Grade Reporting so absences will be on report 
cards, and call up numerous types of reports. 

"Grade Reporting" allows 18 marking periods per year, with grades for quarter, exam, 
semester/year, attimde, and effort. It will create transcripts and compute grade point average. 

(This description pertains to the revised version developed in 1987.) 



SCHOOL OFHCE MANAGER 

Summary: This disk contains four programs to aid a school office: BOOKKEEPER, SCHEDULER, 
SCHOOL SPREADSHEET, and CONTEXT, a database. 

Hardware; Apple; IBM PC, PCjr; TRS-80 



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Intoided Users: Administrators and staff 
Contact(s): Intellectual Software 

Cost: $12S.00t includes one disk containing all four programs; BCX)KKEEPER is available for 

$45.00 on a separate disk 

Description: BOOKKEEPER keeps track of the income and expense records of school clubs and 
organizations. Up to 40 separate accounts can be kept on a single disk. Entering and reporting 
infomiation is quick and sinq)le. BOOKKEEPER keeps a running balance of each account and 
produces monthly and year-to-date reports oi inccnne and expense that can be printed out as 
required. 

SCHEDULER keeps track of events that take place at the school, their dates, times, room 
numbers, responsible persons, groups, and purposes. Activities of specialist teachers, PTA 
groups, clubs, community groups, sports events, assemblies, field trips, mi other school eveiUs 
can be organized into this single database. Printouts for the week Bit produced; events can be 
searched and displayed by location, purpose, group, day, month, etc. 

SCHOOL SPREADSHEET is an adiunistratcv's tool that can help prepare budget analyses, 
project enrollments and class size, e)q)lore different grouping and scheduling possibilities, and 
perform any other task that deals with rows and columns of numbers. SCHOOL 
SPRiiADSHEET is a simplified and specially modified version of the '^electrcHuc spreadsh ^t" 
that is so widely used in business. Pre-progranuned overlays for budget preparation and 
enrollment projection are included. 

CONTEXT is a free-form infmnation-keeper and database. It allows the user to enter words, 
phrases, and sentences on a given subject or topic, CONTEXT then indexes and stores the 
inf(xmaticm so that it is accessible to careful searching and display at 1 ier time. CONTEXT 
is useful in fftpmng speeches and reports, updating the status of schoo^ |Hojects, or keeping a 
file of important facts and school policies. Inforaiation can be searched and reported by key 
word, tc^ic, subject, etc. 



SMS: STUDENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 

Stanmary: SMS is an administrative tool for secondary public and private schools. It is an integrated 
package designed to provic^e attendance, grade reporting, and scheduling functions from a 
common database. 

Hardware: Any multi-user system supporting a central file server. Required operating systems are 
CP/M 80, CP/M 86, MP/M 86, PC-DOS, or MS-DOS 

Intended Users: Administrators, clerical pcsonnel 

Contact(s): Integral Ccmputer Systems, Inc. 

Cost: Call (203) 928-5310 for estimate 

Description: SCHEDULING features flexible modular scheduling for S-day and 6-day cycles; one-, two- or 
three-day cou.^s within 6-day cycle; a conflict matrix; up to 2000 students and 500 multiple 
section courses for a 10 megabyte system; up to 25 courses/student/year; up to 4 sequential 
semestexs; and 25 prioritized course requests for each student. 

GRADE REPORTING features up to six reporting periods, grade lists for review, GPA, year- 
to-date attaidance, up to three conmients per grade, school-wide message on each card, and 
hraorroU failure Usts. 



Software for Administration 



211 



239 



SYSTEMS 



ATTENDANCE features eight absence/attendance categories, excusedlAmexcused codes, daily 
period-by^period atiendame report, year-to-date summary by categories, detail summary report 
by date and categories, and )'ear-to-date period-by-period attendance repc^ 

The program will effectively handle any size school system when proper microcomputer 
hardware and perifdierals are purchased. 



TIMS, TSAS n, TTDP, TSDS, TRSS, TGKS II, TGTS; 
The Instructional Management System (TIMS) 
The School Attendance System (TSAS II) 
The Telephone Dialer Program (TTDP) 
The Student Discipline System (TSDS) 
The Registration and Scheduling System (TRSS) 
The Grade Keeping System (TGKS U) 
The GradCheck and IVanscript System (TGTS) 



Summary: This scries of programs enables any size school to do its own attendance, registration, 
scheduling, grade reporting, test scoring, and instructi(xial management The program modules 
can be used individually (except TTDP and TGKS, which are addnms to TSAS H) or togethei 
with automatic file sharing and posting. 

Hardware: IBM PC, XT, AT. Apjrfe He; Pinnacle superaiicro— single user or networker, Scan-Tiron or 
NCS OMR 

Intended Users: AdministratCH-s, counselors, school personnel, curriculum directors 
Contacl(s): Educational Administration Data Systems, Inc. 

Cost: TIMS, district dependent: TTDP, $1,250.00, add-on to TSAS H; TRSS, $4950.00; IXjKS H, 

$3,950.00, add-on to TSAS H; TGTS, $3,000.00, add-on to TGKS n 



THE INSTRUCTIONAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (TIMS) 

DescriptiOit: TIMS is a ccMnprehensive system to manage the school md/or district curriculum and monitor 
student progress in meeting specific goals. TIMS handles both criterion-referenced icsting, as 
well as standardized testing, and links them both to state-mandated goals or local curriculum 
goals and objectives. 

The eight components of TIMS: 

1. A student database, similar to that of TSAS n, contains student demographic data and 
class schedules. A class file contains class rosters and other class and teacher data. It has a 
repcMt and document generator for directories, class lists, and letters, and a query system 
for selecting and sorting student and class data. 

2. A curriculum manager permits the entire district's curriculum to be brdcen down by a 
series of structures called grade/tracks, subjects, goals, objectives, and test items. Test 
items are linked to objectives, objectives are linked to goals, goals are linked to subjects 
and subjects are linked to grade/tracks. Each structure contains information specific to it A 
test item can be linked to one or several objectives; an objective can be linked to one or 
several goals, et^ 



241 



SYSTEMS 



3. A lest item bank can ccmtain up to 16,000 locally specific test items. The items are linked 
to one or more objectives wiili the curriculum manager. In addition to fields such as item 
ID, grade level, short description, and questicm statement, extensive "last test" and "all 
tests** frequency and other reliability statistics are automatically maintained and updated as 
the test item is used on a test 

4. The test compostt and generator is used by district of school personnel to select test items 
to be included oa a test Test conqmitim is done by using the structures in the curriculum 
manager to access the goal o** goals which are to be fully ot partially tested. Rom the goal 
the user "walks** to the obje jves for widch mastery is to be tested From each cbjective 
selected, the user "walks" or "junq)s" to the t'^ot items which test for mastery of the 
objectives. Because of the linkages, die "walks" or "jumps" ccMisist of a few keystrokes. 

Test items can be flagged fa inclusion on the test Statistics are presented on the screen at 
all times; for any selected objective, one can see the number of test items selected from the 
item bank and the number of items needed to test mastery. After the test items have been 
selected, they can be randcnnized or ordered manually fof printing. Test items are displayed 
on the screen in an interactive test-takiog fcxmat The test can be printed in bocdaet f omi 
on either a laser or high quality dot matrix printer. Multiple fonts are supported. 

5. A test data form scanner and scorer allows students to enter their student ID or TIMS 
record number, as well as their answers, on a Scan-lVcm of NCS multiple-choice scan 
form. The answer forms can be batch scanned with an automatic feeder, of hand fed 

6. A student masteiy muiager scores student responses and posts objective mastery data to 
each student's reconL For each test item aa the test, the item's reliability and perfomiatK:e 
statistics are updated. 

7. The report generator prints many reports related to the structures in the curriculum 
manager and their relatioi^ship (linkages) with each other. It produces individual student 
profiles; parent, individual test and summary repoi.i; class rosters; class/student/test 
details; item analyses; a.id class, department, and item descriptc^ (a shcvt description) to 
make die rqxvts readable. 

8. A standardized test interface provides a linkage between the test items of standardized 
tests, such as SAT, ITBS, CAT, MAT, and CTBS and the objectives stored in the 
curriculum manager.When users enter the test item keys and TIMS scores these publisher's 
tests, TIMS will post the raw scores, as well as the masteiy data, to the student records. If 
the user enters the norm conversion tables, TIMS wi adso post the grade equivalents, 
standard scores, national stanines. and national percentiles tc the student records. All 
reports, with the excqHion of the item-specific reports listed in component 8 above, are 
also available for standardized scores. 



THE SCHOOL ATTENDANCE SYSTEM (TSAS H) 

Description: TSAS n keeps and reports period and daily attendance on a school-wide basis in schools of all 
sizes. With scan entry, it is a five-minute operation to record period attendance for 1000 
students. Most data fields and parameters are user-definable to fit the needs of the school 
and/or district 

TSAS n supports multi-user networks which allow for simultaneous entry of data* access to 
informaticHi. and i»ruiting of reports from several workstations. 

It has an elaborate security system with password protection, varying levels of security (with 
hidden data or operations) for different individuals, in both multi-user networks and sLigle-user 
mode. 



^ Software for Administration 

ERLC 



242 



241 



SYSTEMS 



There arc almost 200 user-definable, demographic and activity data and screens to track 
characteristics of the student population-for exanq)le, student category, multiple parent names, 
addresses, telephone nuu*oers, emergency information, fees, locker numbers, athletic activities, 
clubs, etc. 

The user defines up to 32 absence status reasons which are used for tracking period-by-period 
attendance for up to a IS-period per day and a 240-day school year. 

Gasses can be scheduled <mi a regular period basis and for different periods on different days of 
the week. Tiie pattern of the classes may repeat every day or every o»her day or up to every ten 
days. 

The school year can have up to eight tenns to acamimodate user-defined class durations, such 
as quarter, half-quarter, semester, trimester, and year-lcxig courses. 

TSAS n handles both "positive" (student is marked present) and "negative" (student is marked 
absent) attendance-keeping for use in either traditional ot continuation and adult education 
schools. 

TSAS n has a user-definable query system for seleciicm and swting C2q;)ability. TSAS ffs built- 
in itfon generator with user-defined headers, footers, and student data can be used to design 
hundreds of special student reports and student directories for teachers, counselors and 
administrators. TSAS ITs built-in word processor has mail-merge c^ability for designing 
locator cards, letters to parents, and ad-hoc special repents. 

Mcmthly sunmiary reports include calculated ADA and ADM which satisfy the reporting 
requirements of California and other states. The repcMt generator handles user-defined totaling 
and sub-totaling of all attendance statistics for user-defined groups of students. User-defined 
ADA fonnulas handle both period-based and time-based accounting methods. 

TSAS ITs Eligibility TYacking uses scan entry to track "at risk" students or those participating 
in sports. Scan rosters for teachers are generated automatically. Athletes who become 
ineligible, according to state or school criteria, can be identified easily. 

There is automatic rolling-over from one school year to the next with automatic grade 
IH'omotira and retention. AH demographic dau is kept but the student schedule; attendance and 
roster infcmnation is removed in {Mrq)aration for the next school year. 

It supports user-defined keyboard macros for recording and playing back keystrokes of 
frequently performed qierations, reducing many TSAS operations to a single keystroke. 

TSAS n is integrated with the add-on Tfelephone Dialer Program (TTDP). 



THE TELEPHONE DIALER PROGRAM (TTDP) 

Description: TTDP is an add-on program available only to TSAS II users. It supports z Var>ty of automatic 
telephone dialers to provide an even more efficient and effective attendance reporting system. 
Based oa the user's crir^^na, TTDP selects students whose parents are to be automatically 
notified by telephone about particular types and patterns of absences. Different messages are 
automatically selected; the message can be language-specific or absence-pattern related. A 
record is kept of which message was given and when. TTDP can help insure th.at there are not 
duplicate calls to the same number for the same smdent; only ht "worst" offense is called for, 
if desired. 



242 

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THE STUDENT DISCIPLINE SYSTEM (TSDS) 

Description: TSDS lecmls and analyzes student infractions ax^ *e disciplinary actions taken. A student's 
disciplinary history can ccxuain iq) to 200 infractions; it is oa-line and can be viewed or printed 
at any time. An infraction record has standard fields for the who, what, wiiere, when, and 
resolutim; it also provides a free fomuu note area in vdnch extra information, such as student 
statements, witnesses, or particular circumstances can be entered. 

Statistical reports can be used to analyze the frequency of certain infractions or resolutiais for 
an individual student, a subgroup of smdents, or the entire student body. For example, the 
number of smdents who have been suspended for fighting during the past month can be 
repealed by grade and sex. Similarly, the total number of each type of mfractiim occurring 
during the past year can be reporvsd in some special order. Subgroups of stiidents with certain 
C0Dditi(»s (infractions and/or resdutions) can be identified and customized repcms, such as 
automatic letters home or detention and suspensicHi lists, can be printed. 



THE REGISTRATION AND SCHEDULING SYSTEM (TRSS) 

Description: TRSS provides the inJiouse capability for schools of all sizes to input their course catalog. 

register students, print course request tallies and conflict matrices, construct a master schedule, 
and conqmter load students into the master schedule at the rate of 1.200 students per hour 
(i^le He) to 4000 per hour (IBM XT). 

• The course catalog with quarter, semester and yearlcMig courses is defined, entered and 
edited 

• Student or counselor-marked course request forms (up to 24 requests per studenO are 
optically scanned or entered from the keyboard. 

• Conditional and unconditional r'^'^uest assignments are made automatically for 
prerequisites, co-requisites, lunch periods, and study halls. 

• Course request tallies and complete or partial two-way potential conflict matrices are 
printed; higher-way (up to nine-way) potential conflicts are computed, displayed, and 
printed. 

• Detailed reports for each student list course requests, course schedule, alternate sections, 
and unresolvable ccmflicts. 

• Students can be locked into specific course sections. Courses can be chained over time to 
maintain teacher integrity. 

• Students are scheduled by the quarter, semester or year. The following are printed: master 
schedule section load/balance reports; class rosters; free period analysis by jrade and by 
period; and teacher and room schedule and utilization reports. 

• The files used by TSAS and TGKS are automatically generated from TRSS. 



Software for Administration 



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THE GRADE KEEPING SYSTEM (TGKS 11) 

Description: TGKS allows schools to do their own grade reporting, class and school ranking, mark analysis. 

and CTedit updating. The system prints alphabetized scan forms for teachers to enter marics, 
comments, and variaUe credit, if i^licable. 

TGKS n maintains sq>arate class rosters for each grade reporting period. This allows users to 
print aiKl scan class oriented data even after students have switched from one class into another 
(if they are to receive marics in both). TGKS n flags students with no marks repotted and 
provides teachers with verificati(m before grade repents are printed. This program shares the 
student database, schedule a!Vd roster files with TSAS 11; there is no duplicate posting. 

There are up to sixteen marks class per year to recofd progress reports, exams, and final 
marics. Up to eight full GPA tables may be specified for the school year with automatic 
cumulating from one quarter or semester to the next 

The four marie groiq>s, each with eighteen user-definable report card marks and quality point 
ranges, are used for regular, honor, advanced, and special classes. There is an automatic 
pass/fail conversicm and an automatic calculation of semesier marks based on a weighted 
average of progress report and exam nudes. 

Up to 32 groups of twdve student-specific comment can be defined. These comments can be 
native language-specific or student type-specific. Up to 32 groups of twelve class-specific 
OHnments can be defined These comments can be used for special classes, such as music oi 
shcq) whtte the academic comments do not apply. 

Absences and tardies for each class are auunnatically available from TSAS or can be posted 
separately. 

The built-in report card generator contains user-defined demograj^c data and footers for 
printing student hand-outs or mail-home report cards as well as repcMt cards for counselors. 
The user selects which class dau he/she wants printed and die terms for which marks, 
ccMnments, tardies, and absences are printed. 

There is autCMnatic determination of who is on die Hohot Roll, based on die user-specified 
criteria; such as, "no F, at most one D, and a GPA of 3.0 w bettw." The generalized GPA 
calculator accommodates many unique methods of calculating GPS. There is automatic 
calculation of Qass and School Ranks. Students who are exceptions can be flagged to exclude 
tiiem from the ranking operations. 

TGKS {Hints transcript labels for posting to the student's academic transcript. 

TGKS is integrated with THE GRADCHECK AND TRANSCRIPT SYSTEM (TGTS). 



THE GRADCHECK AND TRANSCRIPT SYSTEM (TGTS) 

Description: TGTS combines die operations of academic planning, grade promotion ^nd graduation 
checking, and transcripts into one system. It can contain up to six academic years of course 
information and track up to 255 courses. There is an area for recording standardized and 
district test scenes; a free fmnat note area stores extra information such as transfers from 
another school, extra activities, or awards. 

Courses, marks, and credits can be posted to student transcripts from TGKS n. Grade data 
from odier schools can be posted using die keyboard. A student transcript can contain not only 
courses completed but also courses die student plans to take in die future. The printed 



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transcript qnionally shows these planned courses. Planned courses can be used as course 
requests for TRSS. 

With the aid of a counselor, a student can develop and modify a full academic plan to meet 
both the schod's requirements and the student*s interests, giving students a sense of direction 
and control in their academic future. 

GraduaticRi checking can be dcme at any time to identify students who have credit deficiencies 
whidi may not allow them to be pnxooied or students whose academic plans may not fulfill 
the graduation requirements. A Graduation Check report can be printed "howing the student's 
required, completed, planned, and needed credits in each graduaticm category. Optionally, 
courses contributing to each of the categories can be imnted. A scho^ ! can have up to 32 
graduation categories. A course has a **default** graduation categwy it fulfills, as defmed in the 
school's course catalog; however, this assignment can be changed on a student>by-student 
basis. For example. Math 101 may nomuOly fulfill a freshman math requirement but may be 
assigned to fulfill a general elective requirement on a particular student's transcript 

(This description pertains to the version devel<^ed in 1986,) 



Software fix Administration 



SCHEDULING 



CLASSIFIER n 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Dc^ipdon: 



This program provides an enhancemen* of CLASSIFIER and can usually satisfy more than 98 
percent of student class requests. 

IBM PC; Chauworth 2000 (^tcal mark reader is optional 

School administrators, staff 

Surfside Software 

$895.00— current CLASSIFIER owners may upgrade for $400.00 
C^iatsworth optical mark reader software costs $90.00 

This scrftware contains all features ' 'TLASSIFIER and THE CLASSIFIER TOOLKIT* 
plus, it: 

• schedules two semes ^s at the same time, 

• accepts up to 16 requests per student, regardless of the number of period o the day - extra 
entries are treated as **altemate requests*' and are scheduled if some other request is 
abandoned, 

• balances secti(xi loads, faciliiaies individu adds and drops, 

• pemuts two levels of request priority, and 

• produces student schedule'' class rosters, teacher schedules, room schedules, sectic*: loads, 
teacher and room avaiIi.-iUty, complete conflict matrix, and pre-r^^istration l«3ts. 

(This description pertains to the versiofi developed in 1986,) 



CLASSIFIER: CLASS SCHEDULING SYSTEM 



Summary: 

Hardware: 

Intended Users: 
Contac«{s): 



Cost: 

Description: 



This program provides a conr.^hensive method for s'^heduling classes. It will provide student, 
teacher, and room schedules as well as class rosters. 

Apple n, ne, 48K, DOS 3.3; TRS-80 Models m, lY 48K; IBM PC, 256K; two disk drives and 
80-column fmnter required 

Administrators, counselors, and clerical si'Cf 

Career Aids, Inc. 
K-12Micro Media 
0[qx)rtunities for Learning, Inc. 
Surfside Software 

$495.00 . $595.00 for 2 disks arid documentation 

This computer [Myogram provides a comprehensive schedule of classes. It will schedule classes 
fur up to 1400 students and 250 courses, lulfilling 99% or more of the student's course 
requests. The system will analyze the number of sections of each course which are requii^d; 
the administrator then specifies the schedule restrictions, such as requesting that all French 
classes be non-overlapping if only one French teacher is available. As many of these variables 
can be added to the system as are needed. THE CLASSIFIER uses this information and the 
student requests to produce a master schedule. The administrate^' assigns specific teachers and 
rooms to each course section, whereupon the system will p^uii out individual studetii 
schedules, class rosters for each secHon, teacher schedule", aii% lOom usage lists. It contains 
many of the same features of CLASSiTIER U but only sch^ules one semester at a time. 



2d7 



SCHEDULING 



CLASSIFIER TOOLKIT 

S^^amary : The CLASSIHER TOOLKIT contains a number of uUlily programs for the CLASSIFIER, 
Hardware: Apple n+, He, He, 48K, two disk rives, 80-column printer 
Intended Users: School administrates, counselors 
ContactCs): Surfside Software 

Cost: $195.00, includes disk, backup, and documentation 

Description: This kit will enable the user to test for pseudo-students, alphabetize and print schedules, tally 
and print the head cc>mt for each section, list teachers and their free periods, and change the 
number of periods in the day. (This descriptior pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 



CLASS SCHEDULING SYSTEM 

Summary: This jrogram reM)ves the drudgery from scheduling by hand for enrollments of 150 to 12^. 
HarCtware: Ap|rfe n, one (»r two d ^k drives, printer 
Intended Users: Administrat(»*s 
Contact(s): K*12 MicroMedia 

Cost: $395.00, includes disk, manual; preview disk for $25.00 

Description: Using the scheduling matrix of the user, this program handles up to 9 periods a day, 10 requests 
per student, 1 ,200 students, mi 400 courses per grade. It allows the user to set maximum class 
size, prioritize classes, balance sections enrollment, set alternate selecti(His, and schedule 
multiple sectiras and multiple periods. It ptints alfdiabetized class ro.^ters, student schedules, 
and places student ID number and grade on all forms. It will not create a master schedule, 
however. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1987,) 



FUTURE SCHEDULING 

Summary: FUTURE SCHEDULING creates a schedule of classes and studeiu schedules for an upcoming 
term. 

Hardware: Apple series 5MB hard disk, and printer 
Intended Users: Administrators, counselors and clerical personnel 
Confactva^): Essertier Software Coip. 
Cost: $2,500.00 

Descriptioii: FUTURE SCHEDUUNG creates the best possible x^hedules with high speed and minimum 
eflfort. It can schedule 3,000 students with as many as 4,000 classes for 8 periods. C(xr puter 
entry is by either typing or optical reader. The courses offered are typed in first, followi d by 
the students* muncs and their requests. The program then provides 8 course request count which 
helps determine how many classes are required for each course. 

A conflict matrix (simultaneous requests for a pair of courses) helps decide which classes 
should not be scheduled at the same time. Class schedules can then be typed in. Results are 



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provided in four formats: class loading, suident schedules, students with conflicts, and class 
rosterp :i:pecial requests can be made for each smdent. 

FU7URE SCHEDULING becomes CURRENT SCHEDULES when the SCHOOL 
DIRECTOR administration software is installed. 



REGISTRAR 



Summary: 

Hardware: 

Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



REGISTRAR builds a suggested master schedule, with schedule priorities on all classes, 
individual class load limits, balanced class loads, and printouts in many formats. 

Apple n, 48K, Applesoft, DOS 3.3, two disk drives, and printer or Corvus and Sider hard disk; 
IBM PC and compatibles, two floppy drives or haid di^k 

Administratcx'S, counselors, md clerical staff 

Southeastern Educational Software 

$595.00 for the flofqpy version, which includes four diskettes, manual, and six-month support; 
$795.00 for the hard disk version 

This software produces student class schedules for up to 1600 smdenis on floppy or 2499 
students on hard disk. REGISTRAR produces course request tallies from individual student 
requests. Autcmiatic trial master schedule generator and conflict matrix help v/ith establishing 
the schedule. The Multiple format of the master schedule provides printouts by teacher, course 
or period. Course secticm sizes are set section by f ectic The automatic scheduling algorithm 
examines ^iorities and up to 6000 combmations of possible schedules for each smdent, 
automatically balances loads, prints smdents* schedules, and alphabetizes class rolls and home 
room rosters. Schedules can be printed in numerical home room onfer. Schedules can aire be 
printed on 3x5 locator or Rolodex cards. The program prints pre-registration choice report for 
parents to verify smdents' course choices. There are also drop/add procedures for each student 
or foe each class section. 



SASS 



Summary: 

Hardware: 

Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



SA 1 is a package which will set up a master schedule; match course requests with available 
couicjes; and print smdent programs, teacher assignments and class lists. 

IBM PT, 128K; Apple H series, DOS 3.3, 48K, ta 132-column printer, one disk drive for up to 
1000 smdents and two Irives for up to 2000 ^^tudenis 

Junior hi^ and high school counselors and adoiinistrators 

Cambridge Career Products 
Jefferson Software 

$275.00 for one disk and documentation; no additional charge for improvements and new 
versions; available for free 15-day approval period 

This program will build a schedule using student choices; balance class loads; and print class 
lists, teacher assignments and smdent programs. The schedule allows up to 70 teachers and 10 
class periods per day. Standard classes allow variable sizes of up to 100 students; 9 courses 
may be specified to have unlimited size. An autanaucally generated list of schedule conflicts 
explains why certain assignments could not be made. Extensive editing capabilities allow 



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SCHEDULING 



changes to be made in the schedule, the list of student's class selections and the solution. 
Soluticms may be generated at the rate of about 200 per hour. SASS incitdes these programs: 
Building/Editing Schedule File. Building/Editing Student File. Solution (Jeneration. Editing 
Solution. Print Programs. Teacher Class Roster. Student Registration Letters. Class List. 
Solution Files, and Conflict Files. 



THE SCHEDULER 
(For IVaining Departments) 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



Scheduling with this sof ^are lets the user make maximum use of rooms and instructors. 
IBM PC. 384K 

Agency or corpc»^ate training administrators 

Silton-Bodcman 

$595.00 

THE SCHEDULER avoids double-booking of rooms and instiiictors. and al* jws changes to be 
made quickly. It can schedule classes 24 hours a day. seven da ys a week, for years ahead. The 
user has instant access to view, change, and print thousands of instructors, rooms, and dasses 
in various formats. 



STUDENT SCHEDULER 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program assists in preparing student class schedules for up to 1000 students. 200 different 
courses, and 120 teachers. 

Apple n. 64K. 80-column card, two drives; IBM PC. PCjr.. 128K 
School staCT. counselors, administrators 
Intellectual Software 
$295.00 

Student course preferences are entered first; then the staff enters teachers' names and the 
courses they are eligible to teach. Guided by ihis information, the administrator creates class 
schedules, and the progr:LT. schedules students into the classes. Changes and refinements can 
be made by classes, students, or tei chers and the scheduler can be run again. It will print out a 
schedule for each teacher and student. Information can be sorted. Student names can te entered 
via keyboard or from the Student daubase program. (This description pertains to the version 
developed in 1985.) 



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249 



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STUDENT SCHEDULING SYSTEM 

Sumnuiry: STUDENT SCHEDULING SYSTEM is a powerful, complete package written for non- 
technical users. 

Hardware: Conimodore 8032, 8050, disk drive 

Intended Users : Administrators and clerical personnel 

Contact(s): Cow Bay Ccnnputing 

Cost: $3,500.00; a 90-day trial with no obligations is available for a limited time 

Description: The system will schedule up to 3000 students with 21 prioritized courses, 1000 courses, and 
1000 teachers. All features can be used throughout the entire school year. Lists from the 
student database can be fully edited and printed out alphabetically by home room, counselor, 
grade, year of graduation, school, or student number. Printing options include: verification 
lists foi each student; a room utilizatiim chart; master schedule by course, teacher, room or 
period; teaching schedules; and student schedules with or without unhonored requests. Mass 
adds and drops can be made for courses. 



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15. 



ATTENDANCE 



ADA: ATTENDANCE DATA ANALYST 
Summai7: Attendance records can be kept for 1 600 stud aus for 1 80 days. 

Hardware: Api^e H, 48K, Applescrft, DOS 3.3. two disk drives, printer; available on Corvus and Sider 
hard disk; IBM PC and compatibles 

Intended Users: Administrators, counselors, and clerical staff 

Contact(s)' Southeastern EducaticHud Software 

Cost: $595.00, Roppy; $795.00, hard disk 

l^escripuon: ADA keeps attendance records fcMr 1600 stodents for 180 days. It keeps biographical data, 12 
attendance classificaticxis, days on roll, and summary reporting. Classroom attendance records 
are consolidated into school summary repcms. ADA includes a hcrnie room roster and daily 
absentee lists and tardy lists. It prints individual student data, mailing labels, end-of-month 
reports and yearly totals. It has a flexible calendai which fits the individual's school year. The 
progra:n prints alphabetized student lists and absence warning lists. 



THE ATTENDANCE MASTER 

Summary: THE ATTENDANCE MASTER handles complete attendance for unlimited classes with up to 
38 students per class. 

Hardware: Pet; C6mmodor" 64 

Intended Users: Teachers and administrators 

Contact(s): Melcher Software 

Cost: $39.95 for disk 

Description: Attendance categories include full make-up, no make-up, pre-excuse, limited make-up, tardy, 
absent for 3chool-sponsored event, absent (status unknown), or not absent. Additional 
categ(Hies can be defined where desired. 

Class lists can be alphabetized and the entire or partial attendance record for all or selected 
students can be printed. Additions, deletions, or changes in names or attendance data can easily 
be made. 



ATTENDANCE PROGRAM 
(For Large or Small Schools) 

Su'^mary: This i»ogram manages attendance records and autcnnates average daily attendance reporting. It 
keeps detailed records of classroom attendance, and tardiness data, and automatically prepares 
repOTts on average daily attendance. It can be used by large or small schools. 

Hardware: Api^e n series, Applesoft, two 5-1/4" drives; IBM PC and compatibles, 51 2K or more; hard 
disk for large schools 

Intended Users: Attendance personnel, counselors, administrators 

Contact(5): K-l 2 MicroMedia 



Q Software for Administraiion 251 

^ 252 



ATTENDANCE 



Cost: Apple: $299.00 for 1-800 pupils; $375.00 for 801-2400 pupils 

IBM: $299.00 for M400 pupils; $375.00 for 1401-2800 pupils 

Description: THE ATTENDANCE PROGRAM allows either the direct entry of homeroom rosters or their 
creati(xis from class rosters generated by CM As separately available classroom rueduling 
system. Homero(xn absence, and optionally all other class periods, may be entered along vith 
tardiness infmnation to prepare a daily preliminary master absence sheet. Absences and tardie: 
may be later marked as ''excused" or "unexcused" before they are compiled into the continuing 
attendance record system. 

Actual average daily attendance data, or estimates based on homeroom attendance, are always 
available for reporting to funding agencies. The system maintains a complete audit traU to 
validate reported figures. It prepares student reports as necessary to substantiate funding 
requests. 

The system can be used alone or in connection with CMA's GRADE REPORTING and/or 
SCHEDULING SYSTEMS. It can be used by large or small schools.(This description 
pertains to the updated version developed in 1988.) 



ATTENDANCE SYSTEM 

Summary: This program can accommodate attendance for ten periods a day. It prints daily reports, and 
quarterly and yearly accumulations. 

Any conq)uter system that operates under CP/M, CP/M86, MS DOS, or PC DOS. Also a dual, 
360KB/disk drive microcomputer, 64K RAM and standard 132-column printer. 

Administrators, counselors, and support staff 

AS/TECH 

Verticon 

Cost: $550.00, Version 4.0 

Description: This program provides sixteen user-defined codes each for enrollment, withdrawal, absence, 
and noD-session days; up to 10 periods a day; period-by-period and daily absence; flagging of 
user's absence limits; and quarterly and yearly accumulations for state reporting. It prints daily 
absence lists, telephone call lists, and a windowed mailer of absence records. It interfaces with 
the SCHEDULING/GRADING SYSTEM. 



Hardware: 

Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 



INSPECTOR 

Summary: The INSPECTOR is a comprehensive attendance package that provides all the infonnation 
needed for pupil accounting. 

Hardware: Apple H, He; TRS-SO Models ffl, IV, 48K; IBM PC, 256K, two disk drives, gOncolumn printer 

Intended Users: Adminis^ators and attendance personnel 

Contact(s) : Career Aids, Inc. 

Opportunities for Learning 
Surfside Software 



2^3 



ATTENDANCE 



Cost: $345.00 for disk, backup, manual 

Description: The INSPECTOR is a comprehensive attendance packp^e that operates on the assumption that 
all students are present unless otherwise indicated by the user. Files are organized so that 
student records can be easily accessed to display an entire semester of attendance status at a 
glance. A skip list function is provided on a monthly basis for up to 8 periods per day. 
Headings are: Present, Dismissed, Half-Absent, Excused Half-Absent, Enter, Withdrawn and 
N<Mi-Member. Up to eiglit categories may be defined for absence, enter and withdrawn. The 
program is divided into 3 major parts: programs to set up files and enter definitions; programs 
to enter, edit and display absences, and other infcHtnation; and programs to generate various 
totals for state repeals or transfer to the next semester. The INSPECTOR is fully compatible 
with The CLASSIFIER (for scheduling) and The REPORTER (for report cards). (This 
description pertains to the updated vernon developed in 1 984 J 



INSPECTOR II 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This is a comprehensive aite ndance package for schools with up to 2500 students. 
IBM PC or compatibles, 10 or 20MB hard disk, 256K memory, 80-colunm printer 
Administrative per^nnel 
Surfside Software 
$345.00 

This software is COTipatible with the DIRECTOR, the CLASSIHER E, and the REPORTER H. 
The INSPECTOR HwUl: 

• generate sunmuuy reports ^or attendance accounting, 

• deflne up to 14 statuses of period-by-period attendance, 

• display individual student records for all semesters at the same time, 

• define "unlimited" sub-categories for all major categories except "Present" and "Non- 
Member." Total number of sub-categories musi not exceed 255 but may be apportioned to 
the categories chosen by the user, 

• search for "chronic in status" using any desired set of sub-categor s, 

• search of period-by-period records for students with more than a threshold amount of any 
combination of statuses in any period of the day, and 

• summarize period-by-period attendance on a monthly basis. 



PRIMARY ATTENDANCE SYSTEM 

Summary: This program is similar to ATTENDANCE SY*?TEM. with two periods per day limit. 

Hardware: ' ^y computer system that operates under CP/M, CP/M 86, MS-DOS. or PC-DOS; requires 
360KB drive, 64KB RAM, and printer; hard disk recommended 

Intended Users: Administrators, counselors, and support staff 



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Contact(8): AS/TECH 

Cost: $350.00, includes software license, docum^tation, media 

Desa rption: See ATTENDANCE SYSTEM. TTiis system interfaces with PRIMARY GRADING SYSTEM 
(PCS) by AS/TECH. (This description pertains to the updated version developed in 1987,) 



Summary: 

Hardware: 

Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Eescription: 



SCHOOL ATTENDANCE MANAGER 

The capabiUlies of SCHOOL ATTENDANCE MANAGER include registers, lists, rosters, and 
letters for individual students, classes, special groups, and the entire school. 

AR)le series; IBM PC; TRS-80 Models m. TV. two disk drives; a 132-colunm printer is 
required for registm; an 80-column printer 

AdministratCM^. counselors, and support staff 

Cambridge Career Products 
K-12 Micro Media 

$240.00 for software and guide (Cambridge) 

$290.00 for small school version, up to 800 students 

$375.00 for large school versicm. up to 2400 students (K-12 Micro Media) 

This easy-to-use program will automate the attendance needs of any size school. Each pair of 
disks stcxes dau f<v 696 students. 

• it prints state-required monthly attendance registers, homerocmi lists, class rosters, letters 
to parents, and lists of students who have been absent more than a specified number of 
days. 

• It keeps track of daily and cumulative tardies. half days, religious excuses, withdrawals, 
homt instruction and absences. All entries can be ch^^ged when necessary and there is a 
provision for excused or unexcused absences or tardies. 

• It can display or print an individual's attendance reccMti— or the entire school's. It will 
automatically generate letters to parents of students who have been out for a multiple of 
four days» and it will list all '9Akj have been absent for two avisecutive days. 

• It will print mailing labels. The Master Disk File stores such essential data as student 
names and addresses, tnrthdates. codes. telefAone and homeroom numbers, and sex. 

• It has a reset feature so graduating students can be cleared and the remainder of the school 
need not be reentered. 



SCHOOL REGISTER 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 



Required record-keeping on student attendance is performed by this program. 

IBM PC. PCjr.; Apple 

Teachers and stafif 

Intellectual Software 

$145.00 



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>0 



ATTENDANCE 



Description: All the infoniution now kept in the school register — student names, tardiness, absence, 
e:icuses, etc., is entered and stored on the ccxnputer. Student names can be read in from the 
keyboard or from files already kept by STUDENT database. Daily entries of absences can be 
done quickly. The program also allows analysis of attendance dau, by student and for the 
school as a whole. Printouts are provided, including daily absence lists, and c^ional form 
letters hcHne to parents. Up to 2000 students' records can be kept m a s!ngle disk. 



Software for Administration 

256 



255 



DISCIPLINE 



THE ENFORCER or THE ENFORCER H 



Suminary: 

Hardware: 

Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



THE ENFORCER records individual student behavior, analyzes trends, and tracks discipline 
for a school. 

THE ENFORCER: IBM PC, 256K, one disk drive; Apple He, He, extended 80-cc!unin card. 
128K, two disk drives, 80^1umn printer required; THE ENFORCER H: IBM PC, hard disk 

Principals, assistant principals, counselors 

Surfside Software 

THE ENFORCER: $295.00, includes disk, backup, and manual 
THE ENFORCER H: $495.00, includes disk, backup, and manual 

THE ENFORCER: This program can defme 255 offenses and 255 responses and can display or 
print by type of offense, individual student history, teacher or administrator, and by action and 
offense to see consistency Records can be edited to include further follow-up actions, add new 
students and actions, or put in new offense descriptors. THE ENFORCER can search for 
chronic offe^tu^rs. 

THE ENFORCER H: This program is faster and more powerful than THE ENFORCER. Dates 
can be entered for follow-up acticms, allowing retrieval of interview datec. THE ENFORCER 
aUows punishment actions to be "weighted." Then the program caii search for and summarize 
informatioc by other dimensions. It provides space for an anecdotal remark unique to each 
incident, 24 donogJ^fMc data fields, and the ability to mail merge letters. 

(This description pertains to the updated version developed in 1988 ) 



SCHOOL DISCIPLINE MANAGER 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



Student infractions can easily be recorded, monitored, and/or reported. 
Apple; TRS-80 

Assistant principals and guidance counselors 

Cambridge Career Products 
K-12 Micro Media 
Opportunities for Learning 

$150.00 for the small school version (up to 800 students); $200.00 for the large school version 
{up to 2400 students) 

SCHOOL DISaPLTNE MANAGER tracks 29 different infractions in up to 15 different 
locations by a very simple coding system. It includes dates of infractions, type, location, 
teacher involved, disposition, and administrator involved. 

The available rqxnts ii^lude: 

• An individual student's entire discipline record which is invaluable when several 
administrators have handled different disciplinary incidents 

• All infractions for a particular teacher 

• All infractions for an individual administrator 

• The number of each type of infraction, which permits administrators to focus on their main 
problem or problems 



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257 



DISCIPLINE 



• Two HKMithly suspension reports: student names and the number of students by sex 

• Pre-addressed letters to parenu 

• Mailing labels 

• Hcrnieroom lists 

• School or class rosters 



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257 




GRADING 



CLASSMATE 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



CLASSMATE will help manage class records, compute grades, analyze information, and 
produce reports. 

Apple n+. He, He; IBM PC, PCjr., printer 

Instructors 

SVE, Inc. 

$49.95, includes disk and manual 

Teachers enter t maximum of SI student names and identificaticHi codes for an unlimited 
number of classes. Other entries can be letter or number grades, attendance, personal 
axnments, work assignments, etc. The records can be revised, sorted by various means, and 
ranked Grades can be ccxnputed using weighted averages fot individual tests or for the grading 
period. The program will analyze attendance, marks, aad other statistics and produce reports 
and grai^ illustrating averages, percentages, distribution curves, etc. 



COMPUGRADE 



Summary: COMPUGRADE computes averages and letter grades and has a host of other features. 

Hardware: Pet; Ccxnmodore 64 

Intended Users: InstructCM^ and teachers 

Contact(s): Melcher Software 

Cost: $39.95, includes disk and documeniaticm 

Description: This i^ogram irovidis many opticms, such as dropping the lowest test and printing a class list 
in alphabetical ot rank order. It can print cumulative averages for individual or all students in a 
specified class. Class means and standard deviations are calculated and can be printed for each 
class. Tests may be weighted and any lettering scale used with pluses and minuses. Any 
number of classes can be entered. The program allows editing and is completely menu-driven. 



ECS COMPUTERIZED GRADEBOOK 



Summary: 

Hardware: 

Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This program provides a sutistically accurate method of keeping students' scores, assigning 
grades, and pnnting reports. 

IBM PCv PCjr., 128K, color graphics board, monitor; Apple n series, monitor and one disk 
drive; Tandy 1000, 1200, 3000 

Teacners 

Electronic Courseware Systems, Inc. 
$49.95, includu one diskette 

All data is entered from the keyboard, with clear, menu-driven instructions. For the IBM, 
features include up to 75 names, 32 assignments, and 9 classes; the Apple n will accem vp to 
50 names with 10 assignment scores per class. Both versions feature computed final Sv^^re and 



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2r^3 



GRADING 



letter grades; scores individually weighted; distribution of any score set; roster listed by name 
or by grade; assigning of letter grades; addition/deletion/change of any data at any time; and 
hard copy. Programs and data can be retained on a single diskette with password security. 



ELECTRONIC GRADE BOOK 



Summary: Teachers will use this program for many tasks relating to scoring and figuring grades. 
Hardware: Apple U, 64K 
Intended Users: Teachers 
Contact(s): Intellectual Software 
Cost: $79.95 

Description: This program will hold up to 40 students* names per class* up to 40 grades per marking period, 
and unlimited working periods per year. Ibachers can enter grades as letters, nuiabers, or a 
mixture. The number of correct answers can be converted to a perce^itage; the p»x:entage can 
be converted to a letter grade. Grades may be assigned weights or excluded from the student's 
average. Point values firom tests and individual saxes may be changed. Printouts are available 
for: term average; warning list; grade list by name or number, grade distribution; individual 
student's grades; students who have missing grades and need makeups; and test score analysis 
by high, low, median and mean sco^^ s. 



ELEMENTARY GRADEBOOK 

Summary: This program can be used by teachers to keep grades and print reports. 

Hardware: Apple n 

Intended Users: TeacL^s 

Contact(s): Computer Lsjig Educators (CUE) 
Softswap 

Cost: $1 S.OO, includes disk and documentation 

Description: This program allows up to 40 students per class and 20 subjects per class. The teacher can 
input grades as percentages, letters, or raw scores (which are automatically converted to a 
percentage). Graies can be weighted. Reports can be printed for each pupil or the entire class. 
The teacher can write up to six lines of personal comment for each student. 



GRADEBOOX PLUS 



Summary: This easy-to-use program provides the teacher with a gradebook that keeps records and 
generates statistical information for any student in the class or for an entire cbss on a test. 

Hardware: Apple n,+. He, He, IIGS, 64K, one disk drive, printer recommended; JBM PC, PCjr., 128K, 
(Hie disk drive, printer recomm<..ided 



Q Software for Administration 2fLl 25Q 

ERIC ^ 



GRADLVG 



Intended Users: Teachers who use a namerically>based grading system from elementary school through college 

Con*act(s): AAVIM 

Cambridge Career Products 

Educ&ticxial Microcomputer Associates, Inc. 

Cost: 1986 edition is $59.95 for individual version, and $150.00 for school-wide license; older 

versicms may cost $39.95 or $49.95 

Description: The teacher first enters students' grades and can then request the program to print a student 
report or a class report, to do an analysis on a v^'st, ot to figure grades and percentages. The 
teacher can use a different grading scale for each class. GRADEBOOK PLUS is easy to use 
and make change3 to and gives the user considerable control. A Mini Word Processor is 
included for producing customized student reports. 



GRADE MASTER 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Conta€t(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This progrrdn will store, compute, convert, and average grades for a classroom. 

TRS-80 Models m, IV, 48K; Apple H, 48K 

Teachers 

Random Housc 

$79.93 

Tochers enter categories of grades (homework, weekly quizzes, essay, finals, etc.) anH assign a 
weight to each category. Students can be added and dropped and weights changed at any time. 
The grades are entered numerically and the compute: can convert them to letter grades. 
Teachers can use the standard nuiiierical/letter grades (A=100-90; B=89-80, etc.) or devise 
their own. The program will figure averages, means, and ^uJidard deviati(His. Results of a test 
can be printed giving students' names or numbers with grades. This program will not product 
report cards. 



GRADER 

Summary: THE GR ^ DER is a teacher's grade book program. 

Hard -e: Apple n+. He, He, 43K; TRS-80 Models HI, I V, IBM PC, 256K two disk drives 
Intended Users : Teachers 
Contact(s) : Surf side Sof twa^-: 

Cost: $49.95, inclu-'es disk, backup, and documentation; $395.00 f ten pack 

Description: THE GRADER is designed to help teachers k^ep track of grades for homework assignments, 
tests, classroom participaticxi, and for ^^y other group of gr. ^es. Each data disk will store 
informaUon for up to nine duTcrfnt courses. Each course may have up io 75 students and 100 
assignments per student. Ihe program will print out the grades for a single student as well ao 
the average ^ss grade and grade disttibution >. Numeric oi letter grades may be used. Once tl e 
type of grao. ^ chosen, that t^pe must be used for ?ll grades on that data disk. Letter grades art 
given we*^ted values of the user's choice. The weights may be changed at any time, "Other 
grades" such as withdrawy^ass, withdraw/fail, etc. may be included. A student may be excused 



O 260 

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281 



GRADING 



fnxn an assignment by entering an *'X" as the grade for thac assignment. TPIE GRADER is 
compatible with THE REPORTER (a report card generating program) and the teacher may 
copy grades directly from THE GRADER to THE REPORTER without retyping. (This 
description pertains to the version develq>ed in 1984,) 



GRADES MANAGER 



Summary: This program handles the processing of grades for te hers from first grade through college. 
Hardware: Apple He, IIGS; IBM PC, XT, AT, Tmdy 1000 or co\ jatibles, 256K 
iRiCnded Users: Teachers and instructors 
Contact(s): Indian Head Software 

Cost: The locked version is $29.95; unlocked versions are $79.85 

Description: THE GRADES MANAGER UPPER DIVISION is designed for high school and college 
teachers. THE GRADES MANAGER LOWER DIVISION is tailored for pre-secondary 
teachers. 

Both GRADES MANAGERS perform the following tasks: create a class roster, report 
headcount, alphabetize class roster, add or delete a student at any time, enter and edit grade 
data, compute class averages numerically or by letter (plu$/minus supported), use teacher- 
assigned grade weights, ccmpute standard deviation, carry over a class roster from one grading 
period to the next, print grade reports bearing either student's name or identification number, 
print grade reports for a single «nident or the entire class ' a, reports showing all grades on 
file for the entire class in row-column '(Hmat, add extra subset of all grades, restore dropped 
grades at any time, copy grade report final distribution, use teacher-assigned numerical 
standards for letter grades, report space left on disk, report how many classes can be added to 
the disk, locate students with work not completed using special search option, rank students by 
tinal grade from highest to lowest, set up cumulative files to handle semester e ms, aiid more. 



J & S GRADEBOOK 



Sumaiary: 

Hardware: 
intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



J & S GRADEBOOK, formeriy APPLE GRADE BOOK, is a grade recor^jrg y/Llem which 
can manipulate the data in a variety of ways. 

Apple He, He, 48K, 3.3 or ProDOS 

Teacher^ "^nd counselors 

Career Aids, Inc. 
J & S Software 
Opportunities for Learning 

$49.50 for one disk and documentation; $5.00 for demo copy 

This grade recording systen fc the Apple can handle up to 50 students per class, with an 
unlimited number of classes, ar up to 55 g* ie* for each student. The teacher has the option 
of averaging and weighing grades and can keep track of students who have been absent from 
an activity. An elementary fcnool option permits the teacher to use the same student names for 
different subjects. Other features include a listing of each student's *ecord, class records, 
sorting by name and grade, standard deviation, grade conversions, histograms of student 



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261 



GRADING 



averages, complete records, sorting by name and grade, complete editing and correction 
capabilities, and backup class files. Individual student orogress reports piuvide averages for 
•very class category such as tests and quizzes. The program will print gradebook pages, 
progress reports, anc' record inconn)leles. (T^us description pertains to the updated version 
developed in 1988.) 



MASTER GRADES 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Conisa(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



MASl'ER GRADES is a progrp:ii to help teachers keep, manage and figure grades. 

Apple; Commodore 64 

Teachers 

Intellectual Software 
$39.50, includes one disk 

MASTER GRADES produces alphabetized pages for the gradebook; alphabetized grade 
summaries by grade level, s'abject or class; and three kinds of progress notes to parents and 
daily repwts in alfriia or percentage wder on all classes. It works on a point system up to 9999 
points. Points are converted to peicentage and from there to a letter grade deteimined by a 
teacher-entered scale. MASTER GRADES holds 200 names. 



PRIMARY GRADING SYSTEM 



Summary: 

Hardware: 

Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This is a program of class enrollment and student grading for primary schools. It includes 
rtpon card printing and transcripts. 

Any cOTipuier system that operates under CP/M, CP/M 86, MS-DOS, or PC-DOS; requires 
360KB drives, 64KB RAM, jwlnter; hard disk recommended 

Administrator.^., counselors, and support slaff 

AS/TECH 

$350.00, includes software license, documentation, media 

This program provides course scheduling of teachers, rooms, and students for one period per 
day. !t allows grading of 18 user-defined categories, and prints report cards and transcripts It 
interfaces with PRIMARY ATTENDANCE SYSTEM. {This description pertains to the 
version developed in 1987,) 



262 

2f<3 



GRADING 



RECORDS 



Suniriary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contactui: 

Cost: 

Description: 



RECORDS is a recordkeeping and grade recording system that has many cations. 

TRS-80, Models m, IV, 32K, one floppy disk drive; printer recommended 

Teachers and counselors 

Opportunities for Learning, Inc. 
Shenandoah Software 

$69.95 for disk and c(Miq)rehensive manual; manual alone is $9.95 from Shenandoah 

RECORDS will handle classes of up »o 2C0 students with up to 16 evaluations during a eerm. 
Ccmipr^nensive student infon:iati(Hi can be selectively recalled and displayed on the screen or 
cm a printer, including class listings that chow a student^s complete evaluation histCHy with 
raoiking, and class statistics that display the mean, standard deviati(xi, and frequency histogram 
of each evaluati<m. RECORDS aLo performs ccmiplex grade computations using weighted 
evaluations, best scores ooly, mandatory items, extra credit, and other options. Qass rostt. 
and evaluation grades are easily edited at any time. It automatically alphabetizes names, uses 
up to 9-digit ID numbers, and steles up to 450 namf^ on disk. 



SUPER GRADE BOOK 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program provides computerized record keeping for assigimients and tesu» and will 
calculate averages and other statistics. 

Apple n series 

Teachers 

AAVIM 

$39.95 

The user inputs students* names or numbers, assignments and test grades. The program 
averages, summarizes, lists frequency counts, calculates standard deviations and performs 
other analyses. 



^ Software for Adminirtration 

ERIC 



263 



REPORTING 



CLASS RANKING 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



CLASS RANKING is designed to average and rank school classes. 
Apple series, DC 3.3, 48K; one disk drive, printer 
School administrators, teachers 
Jefferson Software 

$49.95, includes disk and documentation 

The program will support any system for weighing grades. After the class has been ranked, the 
results may be printed in various formats. All records may be easily listed or edited. (This 
description pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 



NOTIFIER 



Summary: This program generates mid-term progress reports fo. up to 1500 students (Apple) or 2000 
students (IBM). 

Hardware: Apple He, He, IIGS; IBM PC and compatibles, two 5-1/4" drives, 80-Lolumn printer 
Intended Users: f vhool administration, staff 
Contact(s): Surfside Software 
Cost: 5.00 

Description: This piogram can be us ^ in conjunction with THE REPORTER, THE CLASSIFIER or as a 
stand-alone system. The user may deflne up to 64 conrunents (Apple), or 255 comments (IBM), 
any three of whicn a teacher may select to be printed on a student's fogress report. This may 
be entered from the keyboard or from a parallel data entry system ("teacher" disks). Once all 
the Liformati(m has been entered, the program searches for all d^ta on a student and pinis a 
one-pag<* progress report on the data entered. If no data has been entered for aiiy student, no 
report is printed for that student. It can provide useful statistical analyses of student progress 
data, and track who has or has not returned his/her signed report. (This description pertains to 
the version developed in 1985.) 



PARENT REPORTING 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 



Cost: 



This program allows a teacher or counseloi* to produce reports and messages with common and 
individualized comments to be sent to parents. 

Apple n series 

Teachers and counselors 

Career Aids, Inc. 

EISI 

Hartley 

Opportunities for Learning, Inc. 

$39.95 for one disk and documentation; lab packs of five disks for $79.95; $10.00 or backup. 



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264 



2PC 



REPORTING 



Description: This **miiu word processor" lets teachers send personalized messages home with each student 
in the class. Ten standard phrase messages can be used; such as, descriptions of activities for 
the week or month. Each student*s name can be inserted at any point on his or her individual 
message with the standard phrases. ("Sally took part in our class discussion this week.*') 
Sixteen subject areas, activities, or work haL^ts and grades can be listed in the message. The 
program holds up to SO students. 



REPORT CARD GENERATOR 



Summary: This program can prepare student report cards. 

Hardware: Apple 

Intended Users: Staff 

Contact(s): Intellectual Software 

Cost: $95.00, includes one disk 

Description: Studeut report cards can be prepared efficiently and accurately with this system. Letter or 
nunber grades for up to ten subjects are entered for each student; entries can be made by each 
teacher or by office personnel. Printouts of each student's report card are done (Hi computer- 
generated forms with school name and other informaticm. In addition, teacher-by-teacher grade 
lists can be jxinted or displayed. Student names can be read in from the keyboard or from 
STUDENT datdt)ase files. Up to 1000 students* records can be kept on a single disk. 



REPORTER 



Summary: This is a report card package which can handle 1 SOT students with IS classes each fc ihe year. 
It can copy data ttom THE CLASSIFIER. 

Hardware: Apple H, He, 48K, DOS 3.3; TRS-80, 48K; IBM PC. 256K. two 5-1/4" drives, 80-column 
printer 

Intended Users: Administrators and clerical staff 

Contact(s): Career Aids, Inc. 

Opportunities for Learning, Inc. 
Surfside Software 

Cost: $495.00, includes one disk and documentation 

Description: Tnis computer program is a complete report card package. It will handle up to 3000 students 
(IBM) each of ^om may have up to 1 5 different courses during the school year. This program 
enables teachers to enter the name of the school and its grading system; prepare the files for the 
beginning of a new school year; copy from THE CLASSIFIER or manually enter student's 
name, grade, file number, and course names into the new records; enter and edit grades; print 
repm cards; fmd missing grades; print class rank; and print ^ failure list. Capabilities include: 
Definitions, Set Up for a New Year, Copy Semester from THE CLASSIFIER, Get Attendance 
Data, Enter Course Grades, Edit Grades, Print Report Cards, Find Missing Grades, Print Class 
Rank, and Print Failure List. It supports up to 250 courses. 



Software for AdministratioD 



205 



REPORTING 



REPORTER n 

Summary: THE REPORTER n is a report card generating program for a hard disk. 
Hardware: IBM PC, XT, 256K, 10-20MB hard disk, 80-column printer 
Intended Users: Adnunistraux-s, clerical staff, teachers 
Contact(s): Surfside Software 

Cost: $595.00, includes disk, backup, and documentation; can purchase an optional optical mark card 

reader program for $90.00 

Description: THE REPORTER H has all the features of THE REK)RrER, with these additional features: it 
runs twice as fast on hard disk (no disk swapping); 10 marking periods; up to 13 courses per 
student; up ♦'^ 2500 pupils; number grades 0-100 plus 154 letter grades; additional ways to 
assign grade values and credit; up to 255 different conmients; and works with THE 
DIRECTOR to build a four-year transcript. (This description pertains to the version developed 
in 1987.) 



REPORTER TOOLKIT 



Summary: 
Hardw.ire: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This [TOgram contains features to enhance THE REPORTER. 

Apple n series 

School administration, staff 

Surfside Software 

$195.00 

THE REPORTER TOOLKIT can: 

• provide grade distributicm by teacher or course 

• create an honor roll based upon students who have no grade belo\^ "X." (The user may 
exempt selected courses from consideration in the honor roil; allows two levels of honor 
roll — high honors and regular honors.) 

• alf^abetize and print a list of names of students 

• change partial credn defmitions and print sample report cards to show the results of the 
current partial credit defmitions 

• capture period-by-period skips from THE INSPECTOR and schedules from THE 
CLASSIFIER, combine these and print out a class-by-class skip record for each student 

• change number of penods in the day 

• search for grades within specified perimeters 

(This description pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 



266 



REPORTING 



TRANSCRIPT (Report Ccrd) 



Summary: 
Hardware: 

Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



TRANSaUPT prints report cards for up to 1600 students on flopp> iisk or 2499 oti hard disk. 

Apple n with 48K, Applesoft, DOS 3.3, two disk drives and a printer; also on 3-1/2" floppy 
drives and Sider and Corvus hard disk; available for IBM PC and compaUbles in spring of 
1988; Scan-Tron entry available 

Administrators, counselors, and clerical staff 

Southeastern Educational Software 

$595.00 floppy or $795.00 hard disk, both include disks and documentation 

TRANSCRIPT prints report cards and grade labels for permanent records. It will print letter or 
number grade;^ and prints absences and conduct grades. Cumulative averages are kept and 
ranked lists can be printed. Two types of honor rolls and failure lists are generated. 
TRANSCRIPT prints alphabetized lists of students and verification sheets for teachers by 
keyboard, with Scan-lYcxi sheets or teachers may ha* e their own disks to transfer to the main 
disk. TRANSCRIPT interfaces with REGISTRAR, and all student and class data can be 
transferred by disk menu. (This description pertains to the updated version developed in 
1986.) 



Software for Administration 



267 



FINANCES 



ACCOUNTANT 
(For Training Departments) 

Summary: This program helps training departments prepare a training budget, track costs, manage 
inventories, and analyze expenses. 

Hardware: IBM PC, 384K, hard disk 

Intended Users: Agency and corporate training administrators 

Contact(s) : Silton-Bookman 

Cost: $795.00 

Description: THE ACCOUOTANT is an integrated budgeting, cost tracking, and inventory management 
system for the training functioa It can be used alone or with THE REGISTRAR and THE 
SCHEDULER. It will track expenditures by item, cost category, and cost center; display 
matedal usage; reorder points and inventory levels by month or accouiting period; compare 
actual expenses with budget forecasts; analyze budgets and costs by c itact hour, seats, 
sessions, month, or other variables; and link with Lotus 1-2-3 for further analysis and graphic 
capabilities. 



BOOKKEEPER 

Summary: This program generates book and/or lab fees. 

Hardware: Apple He, He, IIGS, two disk drives, 80-column printer, a slave to THE CLASSIFIER program 
Intended Users: School administrators 
Contact(s): Surfside Software 

Cost: $195.00, includes disk, backup, documentation 

Description: THE BOOKKEEPER is a program that generates bills for book or lab fees. It works as a slave 
to THE CLASSIFIER. Xun 1 HE CLASSIFIER through program 8 (print student schedules). 
After this, run THE BOOKKEEPER to generate bills. 

Before one actually runs the bills program, one must tell the computer what fee each course 
carries. Fees can range from 0 to $325.00. In addition to fees for regular courses, there are up 
to 9 optional fees that a student may be required to pay. The user can choose the default 
condition (yes/no) for each optional fee. 

(This description pertains to the version developed in 1985,) 



BURSAR 

Summary: This is a computerized financial program which provides receipts, printed reports, and 
Hnancial statements. 

Hardware: A^yle n. He, 48K, DOS 3.3; disk .Irive required; TRS-80 Models m, IV, 48 < 

Intended Users: Perscxmel dealing with funds for extra-curricular activities. 

Contacts): Cambridge Career Products 
K*12 Micro Media 



FINANCES 



Cost: $195.00, includes disk and documentation 

Description: BURSAR, «: computerized financial program, keeps track of funds for such extra-curricular 
;;cuviiicG as athletic teams, marching bands, newspapers, yearbooks, scholarships and student 
councils. It p-cvides everything from receipts to printed reports. The user can generate 
financial statefaents, bank reconciliations and reports of each day's transactions. With 
BURSAR thd user is able to open, close and update accounts, monitor accounts on video 
display and aciXMiiriodate up to 2S0 fund accounts (each with a maximum of 40 transactions 
per month) an^I ^9 asset accounts. This program has clear and precise documentation that 
makes it efficient and easy to use. 



CLUE ACCOUNTING SYSTEM 



Summary: This is an accounting system for class, club, and student body funds. 

Hardware: Any computer system that operates under MS-DOS, CP/M and CBASIC2. Also a dual, 
360KB/disk drive microcomputer, 64K RAM and standard 132-column printer or MS-DOS, 
hard disk recommended 

Intended Users: Counselors, student activities directcx-s, support staff 

Contact(s): AS/TECH 

Cost: $250.00 

Description: Th>.s (MOgram {n'ovides a unique and powerful building level accounting system for class, club 
and student body funds. It has a user-defined account structure to 10 digits, full double entry 
for cash-on-hand status, and savings certificates. It prints clean, easy-to-read reports and audits 
documents. The system includes vendor file with year-to-date totals. 



SCHOOL LEDGER-REPORT SYSTEM 

Summary: This school accounting package maintains activity fund transactions on diskette an prints 
detailed reports. 

Hardware: IBM PC, XT, AT, PC/2, or compatibles, 256K, two disk drives, or one floppy and one fixed 
drive. DOS 2.0 or higher. TRS-80 Models m, IV, 48K, two disk drives; 132-column lineprinter 
(reports printed on 147/8" x 11" forms) 

Intended Users: Administrat(M's, clerical personnel 

Contact(s): Shenandoah Software 

Cost: $179.00, includes diskettes and manual for first school, each additional sc'.iool is $89.50 

Description: This system has a capacity of ten superaccounts (groups of main accounts) and 99 main 
accounts with each having up to fifteen subaccounts. Up to 1S(X) transactions may be processed 
each month. All transaction data are stored on disk from which many reports can be compiled 
such as: postings, monthly overall transactions, monthly account summaries, funds L^ansfers, 
summaries, year-to-date account reports, and year-io-date summary reports. The balance of any 
account can be viewed quickly. This program saves time, improves organization, reduces 
bookkeeping errors, and is an excellent audit trail. Maximum fund balance is $9,999,999.99; 
maximum amount received or disbursed, :^9,999,999.99. 



Software for Administration 



270 



269 



CLIENT RECORDS 



ACCOUNTABILITY PLUS 



Summary: This is a reccn^dkeeping program for daily counseling activiiies designed to provide a quick 
data entry and recall system. It is part two of the ACCOUNTABILITY SERIES. 

Hardware: Apple U-^, Uc, He; IBM PC and compatibles 

Intended Users: CounselOTS, other student services workers, and administrators in schools, agencies, county 
level, etc. 

Contact(s): Computer Concepts, Inc.The Guidance Shoppe 



Cost: $79.95 (Apple) or $89.95 (IBM) per program; $195.00 (Apple) or $225.00 GBM) for complete 

ACCOUNTABILITY SERIES (THE PLANNING GUIDE, ACCOUNTABILITY PLUS, and 
COUNSELOR'S NOTEBOOK); may be ordered on ^roval 

Description: This program facilitates counselor accountability with a recordkeeping system. Counselors 
record daily activities using either the Quick Log or the Detailed Log. The Quick Log includes 
11 categories, the Detailed Log includes the same categories, each broken down into detailed 
subcategories. Information is completely protected from unauthcHized use by a password of the 
counselors choosing. There are editing features to cmect mistakes. A report can be printed for 
any specified time period, from (xie day to a final year-end sununary. The program calculates 
the total number of contacts and the total time and percentage of time spent in each category. 
(This description pertains to the version developed in 1985,) 

Note: See Secdra m for » review of the ACCOUNTALIUTY SERIES. 



ACCUMULATOR II 



Summary: Filing and retrieval of student information is made easy by this program which can be custom- 
designed by the user. 

Hardware: Apple n, lie 

Intended Users: Educators with student information responsibilities 
Competes): Southern Micro Systems 
Cost: $99.00, free ten-day previews 

Description: The user creates and labels the needed categories in up to 20 Information Fields on each 
student, Instructions appear on the screen. Information can selectively be retrieved from any 
combination of f » Jds. 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



ACCUMULATOR Jr. 

Summary: This is a database file for use by classroom teachers. 
Hardware: Apple n series, optional printer 
Intended Users: Teachers 



270 



CLIENT RECORDS 



Contact(s): Southern Micro Systems 

Cost: $39.95, includes one program disk, one sample data disk, and manual; free ten-day previews 

Description: The program provides 20 information fields, 230 characters per field, easy editing, 
alpha/numeric sorting, quick search, and (if desired) printed copy. Program can be tailored to 
classroom record needs. 



ADVISOR 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Description: 



The ADVISOR enables the counselor to perform an up-to-date needs analysis for advisees. 
Apple n 

Schools and colleges, employee development programs 
Educational Media Corp. 

With ADVISOR, the counselor enters curriculum requirements for a program or major and 
enters an individual student's personal and academic profile. The program compares the 
student's profile with requir^ents, provides advisees with a printed copy of their requirements 
by component (major, minor, g^ral education, etc.)i computes grade point averages, and 
keeps records of all counseling sessions. Multiple programs can be handled by one ADVISOR 
disk. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1983.) 



COUNSELING GOALS SYSTEM 



Summary: This computerized management system was designed for the school counselor. 
Hardware: Apple n, 48K, one disk drive 
Intended Users: School counselors 
Contact(s): Educational Media Corp. 
Cost: $99.95 

Description: Important data on students, including their names, ages, goals, and their plans for the future can 
be maintained easily and efHciendy. The program also allows the sorting and /etrieving of 
information by subject; for example, the names of all 10th grade girls who plan to go to 
colbge. The COUNSELING GOALS SYSTEM provides an easy means of maintaining 
records, "client" notes, and program plans. 



COUNSELING NOTES SYSTEM 

Summary: COUNSELING NOTES provides a system that can handle up to 450 client records. 

Hardware: Applen+, He. 48K, 54/4" disk drive, printer, Applesoft, DOS 3.3 

In! ^nded Users: Teachers, counselors 

Contact(s) : Educational Media Corporation 



Software for Administration 



272 



271 



CLIENT RECORDS 



Cost: $39.95, includes backup diskette, student handbook 

Description: COUNSEUNG NOTES SYSTEM provides a readily accessible system which can handle up 
to 6,000 characters for each of 450 client records. A password system assures confidentiality. 
The system allows users to search records by name or sex and to obtain complete printouts of 
any oat or all records. 



COUNSELOR'S NOTEBOOK 

Summary: Record important information on individual and group counseling sessioi using this program 
whic^ is part three of the ACCOUNTABILITY SERIES. 

Hardware: Apple n+, He, He; IBM PC and compatibles 

Intended Users: Counselors, other student services workers, administrators in schools, agencies, county level, 
etc. 

Contact(s): Computer Ccmcepts, Inc/The Guidance Shc^pe 

Cost: $79.95 (Apple) or $89.95 (IBM) per program; $195.00 (Apple) or $225.00 aBM) for complete 

ACCOUNTABILITY SERIES (THE PLANNING GUIDE, ACCOUNTABILITY PLUS, and 
COUNSELOR'S NOTEBOOK); may be ordered on approval 

Description: Users can record information using either the Individual or Group Counselirg Sections. 

Precoded choices make entering data quick and easy. A unique Vindow* keeps relevant codes 
conveniently visible at the bottom of the screen. A large comments section allows plenty of 
room for specific information. Word {H'ocessing capabilities allow the user to easily insert, 
delete, and edit the information. All information is kept totally confidential by a password. 

Numerous printed reports are available including a list of all student$/groups; a file of any 
student/group; a list of all students who need follow-up; and an overall summary with totals for 
all screen categ(»ies. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1985,) 

Note: See Section HI for a review of the ACCOUNTABILITY SERIES. 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact($): 
Cost: 

Description: 



FORMS MANAGEMENT LIBRARY 

Also known as FormLib, this record management program enables users to create and display 
forms on the screen and sunrniarize data entries. 

IBM PC or compatible with 256K memory, and DOS 2.0 or above 
Any 

TrueBASIC 
$49.95 

Features of this program include: defining and creating forms, using short cuts and 
customizations, and creating master applications with multiple forms. Thiee example orograms 
are included. 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



2U 



ERLC 



CLIENT RECORDS 



GUIDANCE PARTNER 

Sumnuiry: This software tracks counselor contacts and organizes infcxmation about clients. 

Hardware: IBM PC; Apple IIGS 

Intended Users: Counselors and administrative staff 

Contact($): Surfside Software 

Cost: $495.00 

Description: THE GUIDANCE PARTNER allows tracking of counselor contacts by date, referring teacher 
oi perscMi, counselcH*, contact reason, contact outcome, anecdotal comment, and number of 
contact minutes. If follow-up dates are included, one can search and list all appointments for a 
certain date. There are 24 deroogrq)hic fields to use for things like name and address, SAT 
scores, ot colleges where the student applied. The user can defme up to 255 contact reasons 
and up to 255 contact outcomes. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1988.) 



INTAKE EVALUATION REPORT, CLINICIAN'S VERSION 2.0 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This software provides a computer-generated summary of the clinician's initial evaluation of 
the client 

IBM PC and ccnnpatibles 
Mental health practiti(^rs 
Psychologistics, Inc. 

$250.00, includes unlimited use diskette; $ 20.00 for a pack of 20 checklists 

The INTAKE EVALUATION REPORT sununarizes the clinician's initial evaluation of the 
client with emphasis on behavior oft( n observed as part of a mental status examination. A 
comprehensive checklist is provided which guides the clinician m evaluating the client with 
respect to jn^esenting problem, the current situation, physical presentation, mental status, 
biological/medical status, interpersonal relauons and socializations, diagnostic impressions, 
and recommendati(ms. The evaluation is descriptive in nature and organizes the obtained 
infomiaticm in a manner useful for case conceptualization and treatment planning, irrespective 
of treatment orientatioa The report may be printed out and/or written to a text file where it can 
be revised using a word processor. (Text file option requires two drives.) (This description 
pertains to the version developed in 1984,) 



MENTAL STATUS EXAM 



Summary: This program is designed to help clinicians prepare an intake evaluation that is professional, 
comprehensive, and easy to use. 

Hardware: Apple; IBM PC, printer 

Intended Users: Clinical psychologists, private pra^^ntioners and other mental health professionals. 

Contact(s): Psychological Psoftwar^ 

Cost: $150.00 



9^.5oftware for Administration 



273 



CLIENT RECORDS 



Description: This software assists the professional to evaluate the following: the patient's physical 
I^esentation, current livin*' •nodality, presenting problcins, cognitive and emotional factors, 
biophy ical patterns and medical sutus, sociali.ution and interpersonal lelationships, 
diagnostic imprts<:ions, and recommendations. A hird copy of the program can be printed and 
taken into the interview, the responses can be entered into the computer later. The patient file 
generated may be edited and printed. 



PFS: WORKMATES 



Summary: 
Hardware: 

Intended Users: 

ContactiS): 

Cost: 

Description: 



Thi software provides a record keeping/secretarial program. 

Apple nc, He, 128K, one or two 5 1/4" or 3 ) f2" drives (two unves are recommended), printer; 
reMPC 

K-adul: guidance office 
Software Pi'MisWng Corporation 

$250.00, includes set of four disks; $125.00, File and Report; $125.00, 'rite; and $125.00, 
Plan. Both 5 1/4" and 3 1/2" disks included. Backup free when reque. ♦ card returned. 
Notification v/ben update is available. 

Four disks in the {Nfogram include: Write (word prc-'^^ssor), Fi!'^ (storage k r numerical and 
verbal information). Report (formats data), and Plan (a spreadsheet program). The disks are 
integri ed for (he interchange of infonnaticn. 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



PLANNING GUIDE 

Summary: THE PLANNING GUIDE makes it easy to write and update yearly guidance plans or 
classroom lesson plans. This piogram is part one of the ACCOUNTABIUTY SERIES. 

Hardware: Apple n+. He, 11^; IBM PC and compatibles 

Intended Users: Counselors, other student service workers, and administrators in schools, agencies, wounty 
level, etc. 

Contaci s): Computer Concepts, Inc/Thc Guidance Shoppe 

Cc«t: $79.95 (Apple) or $89.95 (IBM) per program; $1C5.00 (Apple) or $2: .00 GBM) for complete 

ACCOUNTABILriY SERIES (THE PLANNING GUIDE, ACCOUNTABILITY PLUS, and 
COUNSELOR'S N0T5B0OK); may be ordered on approval 

Description: This nrogram uiake . it easy to write yearly guidance plans or classroom lesson plans. 
Categories include: 

• Goal ruitements 

• Activities 
Descripiioii of objectives 

• R^^sources available 

• Evalui; .on criteria 

• Date activities ?je comp'cied 



ERIC 



274 



CLIENT RECORDS 



Powerful word processing commands allow the user to easily insert, delete, an 'dnge 
informatim. Information can be quickly updated and modified for next year's plan. Prinipd 
reports arc available for each goal or for the entire plan. PLANNING GUIDE is part of the 
ACCOUNTABILITY SERIES which also includes ACCOUNTABILITY PLUS and 
COUNSELOR'S NOTEBOOK. The entire series aids in organization of the counselor's routine 
tasks. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1985,) 

Note: See Section HI for a review of the ACCOUNTABILITY SERIES. 



PSYCHOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRIC STATUS INTERVIEW (PPSI) 

Summary: This is a program wliich allows on-line computer administration of an initial psychological/ 
psychiatric interview arJ provides a written report. 

Hardwar.?: IBM and compatibles 

Intended Users: Mental health practitioners for use with cliei:ts 

Contact(s) : Psy chologistics, Inc. 

Cost: $250.00, includes unlimited use diskette 

Description: The PPSI interviews the patient with respect to presenting problems, current living situation, 
mental status, biological/medical status, interpersonal relations, and socialization. Tl > 
program is designed specifically for computer administration of the interview and caimot be 
ccnipkiied in a p^r and pencil for:?at. The PPSI provides the clinic'^n with an organized 
datab^ i on the client which can be reviewed prior to a personal interview. Th^ jiformaiicn 
obtaim4 from the client is hiehly descriptive, and can be utilized to ideri^afy areas requiring 
fimii^r evaluation. The program generates a three- to five-page report which is saved to a text 
Tile, allowing the clinician to maintain a database of client records. The report can Mi^o be 
printed out. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1984.) 



READABILITY 



Sumiaary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program analyzes the level of sophistication (or simplir»;y) of the style of written text. 

IBM PC, XT, AT, or IBM cwnpati^^^e computer with at least 256K of RAM 

Any word processing system 

Scandinavian PC S/stems 

$59.95 

Written text \f checked for: the length of words, length of sentences, "mortar" (occurrence of 
the 450 most COTmicnly used words), and 'iMicks" (occurrence of non-"mortar" words in text). 
Text is compared to the user's choice of ni^ie different styles of writing to see how the 
document conpares. A "readability index" output is a variation of two formuhie, the "G'anning 
Fog Index" and tbo "Recalculated Flesch Score." 

Note: See Section III for a review of this prof am. 



Software foi Administration 



CLIENT RECORDS 



SESSION SUMMARY 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Hescription: 



With this program, le clinician can complete case notes and document treatment. 

IBM and compatibles 

Counselors, clinicians 

Psychologistics, Inc. 

$150.00, includes unlimited use diskette 

The SESSION SUMMARY aids clinicians in recording case notes and treatment. It allows 
them to quickly summarize the client's presentation and the sigmT ant events of each sessiori, 
along with brief or extensive cOTwnents regarding each session. The SESSION SUMMARY 
may be ccnnpleted directly on the computer or by paper-and-pencil checklist (Checklists are 
included on the program disk and may be printed out by the user.) The program generates a 
one-page narrative summary for each session, (vganizing the obtained information in a manner 
useful for case concepmalization and treatment documentation, irres^/ective of the clinician's 
therapeutic orientation. All session reports are saved on a data disk to form a database of 
sessions with eacli client, and can also be printed. (This description pertains to the version 
developed in 1984,) 



TERMINATION DISCHARGE SUMMARY 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
C St: 

Descripaon: 



This is a program to assist the clinician in developing a sunmiary of evaluation an<Vor 
treatment. 

IBM PC and compatibles 

Mental health practitioners 

Psychologistics, Inc. 

$150.00, includes unlimited-use diskette 

The TERMINATION DISCHARGE SUMMARY assists the clinician in developing a 
comprehensive, yet concise, summary of evalua n and/o^ treatment. The program 
summarizes information in the areas of presenting the problem, the initial mental/physical 
status, evaluation results, goals of treatment, outcomes o^ treatment, and termination or 
discharge recommendations. Any changes in problem focus and/or intervention strategies may 
also be documented. Comments may be entered to clarify details of the client's 
evaluation/treatment; such as, test results or attainment scales. 

The summary nmy be completed directly on the computer oc with paper-and-pencil checklists 
(included on the program disk and pnnied out by the user). A two- to three-page nanative 
report is generated, providhig complete documentation of the client's treatment. All repoiiS are 
saved on a data disk, allowing the clinician to maintain a database of closed cases, f!ie report 
can also be p-inted (Tfus description pertains to the version developed in 1984.) 



276 



277 



CLIENT RECORDS 



TIME AND BILLING 

Summary: This program is for clinicians or consultants who bill by time. 
Hirdware: IBM PC 
Intended Users: Private praciitioners 
Contact(s): Multi-Health Systems 
Cost: $400.00 

Description: Little or no accounting or computer background is needed to use this program. L maintains two 
bodies of information. The first is a list of clients in which address, client identifiers, and 
account financial balances are kept The second section contains monthly files, such as daily 
billing activities, time spent, by whom, and how much money this represents. The monthly 
files a'so contain records of bills sent and money received. Various management reports and 
{H'ctfessional, accurate client bills can be generated. 



Software for administration 



277 



JATABASE SYSTEMS 



APS: ADMINIST^IATIVE PLANNING SYSTEM 

Summary: APS is a user-definable system for database management. It can be usexl for program planning 
and evaluation; student or client counts; local, state, and federal reports; and other 
administrative nQeds. 

Hardware* IBM PC, XT, AT, 256K, one drive, hard disk 

Intended Users: Administrators or supervisors in schools, clinics, rehabilitation centers and other human service 
organizations 

Contact(s): Learning Ibols, Inc. 

Cost: 3H ,795.00 

Description: APS is a user-definable management system fc administrators or supervisors. The system 
provides interactive access to student or client information and will sort, select, list and count 
any informati(m in the database. APS will generate reports based cn user specification in any 
format* Information may be updated from more detailed records maintained by Learning Tbors 
IPS on the Corvus network or from remote computers. 



COUNSELOR CONTACT FILE 

Summary: This program is ideal for co» Jiselors willing to keep a record o! their student contacts. 
Hardware: Apple U, lie 
Intended Users : Counselors 
Contacts): Career Aids, Inc. 
Cost: $49.95 

Description: The information contained on the disk can be used for year-end repcxts, reports on follow- 
through of Individual Education Plans 'JEPs), reports to parents on student contact sessions, 
and reports on individual students to the pit)bation courts and or'ier outside agencies. Features 
include: student one-to-one contacts, student group contacts, parejt contacts, staff contacts, and 
an "other" category for out of the ordinary contacts. Ou^ut features include a listing of the 
whole file, information on a given student, all contacts on a given date, and a listing of contacts 
by category. 



COUNSELOR LOG 

Summary: This program provides a means for keeping a octailol account of a counselor's interactions and 
activities. 

Hardware: Apple He, 48K, DOS 3.3; TRS-80 Models m, IV; requires one disk drive, printer 

Intended Users : Counselo 

Con tact($) : Cambridge Career Products 
Career .\ids. Inc. 
Careers, Jnc. 
Educational Media Corp. 



27D 



DATABASE SYSTEMS 



Cost: $59.95 

Description: The COUNSELOR LOG is designed to provide counselors with a convenient means for 
keeping a detailed account of their interactions and activities. It allows counselors to build a 
database for evaluating the effectiveness of their services. Each record consists of six 
categories: person, activity, source of referral outcome, grad.,, and time. Many different 
analys<5S can be performed using this database. The program contains an activity log, data 
analysis, and a file manager. 



CURRICULUM MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (CMS) 



Summary: CMS is used to computerize goals, objectives and other professional resources. 

Hardware: Apple He, He, EOS, 128K, 80-column card, two drives; IBM PC, XT, AT, 256K, one floppy 
drive and one hard drive 

Intended Users: Curriculum dmciofs, teachers, supervisors, admmistrators 

Contact(s): J..eaming Tools Inc. 

Cost: $2^5.00, includes diskeues and manual 

Description: CMS organizes, locates and prints curriculum and service resources. Resources may include 
goals, objectives and related textbooks, learning activities, films, staff expertise and 
community resources. The data bank created with CMS can be used for individualized 
planning with Learning Tool's IPS. Users of CMS automatically become part of the 
CMSiExchange — a nationwide group of professionals sharing computerized planning 
resources. (This description pertains to the \crsion developed in 1979.) 



DIRECTOR 



Su«nmary: THE DIRECTOR is a student database program designed to store, search, sort, and report 
ixiformation. 

Hardware: IBM PC, XT, 256K, 10 or 20MB hard d^sk, tape backup 
Intended Users: School administrators, counselors, clerical staff" 
Contact(s) : Surf side Software 
Cost: $995.00, includes disk and documentation 

Description: THE DIRECTOk stores demographic dau, student schedules, report cards, transcripts and 
attendance records. There are 8 system-defined and 91 user-defined data fields available. THE 
DIRECTOR can capture information in THE CLASSIHER, THE T'SPECTOR, THE 
INSPECTOR il, and 1 HJ REPORTER n programs and perform searches J other functi. ns, 
such as creating letters to be sent to certain students or purging certain cati^gories of students. It 
supports 1200 students cm a 10 megabyte hard disk an^ 2500 students on a 20 megabyte disk. 
(This description pertains to the version developed in 1985.) 



ERIC 



9,r> 'flware for Administration ^ " 1 279 

o J 



DATABASE SYSTEMS 



INFORMATION MASTER 



Suminary: 

Hardware: 
Intended I '$era»: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



Specify what kinds of records to be stored, type in the information, and this program will 
organize, calculate, and prepare reports. 

Apple n+. He, ne, HGS, 48K, Applesoft, ProDOS, two drives; Franklin Ace 1000, 48K RAM 
Administrators, counselors, and support staff 
High Technology Software Products, Inc. 
$150.00 

INFORMATION MASTER will organize and print mailing lists, expense reports, accounts 
receivable, accounts payable, inventcwies, class rosters, contribution lists, budget analysis 
employee records. It will (Hganize (sort, search, select, alphabetize, schedule, and uidex), and 
(totals, subtotals, label, catalog, and summarize). 

The usei controls the what, where, and how of printing. One can specify different column 
widths; print records in ascr ^ing and descending order; specify calculations; and include 
words, numbers, symbols ana punctuation within the report. It is menu-driven; contains 
comprehensive error-tra(q)ing; comes with a helpful, infcmnative lOOf-page manual; lets one 
search for a conq>lete or partial match; and will attempt file recovery should the data file 
become daTiiaged. 

Two useful ccxnpanions add more power: DATA MASTER allows the user to alter the file 
layout of existing INFORMATION MASTER files withou*. re-entering data, add, omit, change 
fields, subdivide a?jd iqppend files selectively. TRANSIT lets the user convert VisiCalc files and 
most other files into INFORMATION MASTER files for compatibility. 



IPS: INDIVIDUALIZED PLANNING SYSTEM 



Summary: IPS is a user-defined $nident/clie..i mfonnation management and reporting system. 

Hardware: Apple lie. He, IIGS, 128K, two drives, 80-column card, printer wi^h parallel interface; IBM 
PC, XT, AT, 2S6K, one drive, hard disk 

Intended Users: Administrators, counselors, supervisors, teachers, social workers, psychologists and other 
human service workers 

Contact(s) : Learning Tools, Inc. 

Cost: $895.00 

Description: IPS provides interactive, menu-driven access to individualized iiiformatiai and user-defined 
report geneiaticn. It can be used to organize, manage, access and pnnt items of information cn 
each individual student or client Rq)orts may include Individualized Edio;ation Plans (lEP*^), 
evaluations, schedules, form letters, labels, vocational skills and clinical observations. 
Resource files from Learning Tbol's CMS may be used with IPS. All users must li^vt their own 
password and a specific authorization level which determines exactly whit information they 
are privileged to access. An audit trail is maintaineu of who entered or changed any item of 
information and on what date. IPS files automatically update adminisu-ative records maintained 
with Learning Tool's APS. 



Q 280 

ERIC 



281 



DATABASE SYSTEMS 



LABELS, LETTERS AND LISTS 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Conta€t(s); 
Cost: 

Description: 



With this package, the counselor can generate lists, name tags, letteis, and form^ 

Apple nGS, 64K (not on Apple n+); 80-colunin printer 

Teachers and counselors 

MECC 

$59.00 

After student or client data is entered, the counselor can creaie useful personalized letters, 
name Ugs. labels, and lists The data disk will store up :c 150 sti dent records, 20 label fomiats, 
and 20 letter fonnati.. Dm can be transferred to and from THE (JRADES MANAGER. 



MENU EXPRESS 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intf'iided Users: 
Cuntact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



Multiple applications and programs can be used and stored with this program. 

IBM PC and compatibles with hard disk 

Any setting 

Firstrack Systems 

$39.95 

A customized menu interface can be developed and installed on the hard disk, which enables 
access to and execution of multiple applicaticxis with a minimal number of ke> strokes. Editing 
c^abiliti s enable the change of menus, commands, and labels as needed. Two additional 
features are password security and usage reporting. 

Note: See Section in for a review of this program. 



PROJECT BASIC m 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This is a comret^ncy-based management program to monitor students* performance on 
standardized tests. 

Apple n series, Apple with Corvus; IBM PC, XT, AT and compatibles 

Administrators jid counselors 

EISI 

$1,795.00 and up, depending on quantity purchased 

PROJECT BASIC HI is a generic compettticy-based hianagement program designed to track 
and monitor standardized test skills, state minimums, and district minimimis correlated to 
textbook skills. The program will analyze students* answers to discover skills that are 
^lasteredi^ot mastered; give parent reports; suggest textbooks ard references; for remediation 
or enrichment; show class, grade, group, school, and district distributors and status on 
performance. (This description pertains to the version developed in '955 J 



^ Software for Administration 2 ^ ^ 28 1 

ERIC 



DATABASE SYSTEMS 



RAPID RECALL: AN ELECTRIC NOTEBOOK 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This {HX)gram creates electronic notebooks for storing and retrieving infcTnation. 
IBM PC. PCjr.; Apple H, Ec. He; Tandy 1000 
Grade 4 through college, administrators, teachers 
CBS Interactive Learning 

$49.95, includes [x-ogram disk, backup disk, data disk, and program guide 

Maximum C2q)acity of each noteboc* in RAM is limited by the computer's memory. A 256K 
memory will permit notebooks of up to 186,000 characters. Usuig slower disk version enables 
up to 350,000 characters in odc notebook and up to 60 notebooks oa one disk. A tutorial is 
included on disk. Each notebook starts as an c .ipty loose leaf book, with 1,000 blank pages, 
each 56 lines long. The program will ali*abetize, index, search, and print notebodcs. (This 
description pertains to the version developed in 1986.) 



REKORD PLANNER 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contacl(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



REKORD allows the user lo set up a customized data management system. It . squires no prior 
ccMi^ter knowledge. 

TRS-80 Models rajV 

Administrators, counselors, special education coordinators 

The Psychological Corporaticxi 

$499.99 

This program has three version Administrator's \fersion stores information about parents, 
emergency contacts, medical dau, social activities, financial aid, class schedule, and siblings. 
Guidance Counselor's Version lists parent information, class schedule, academics, 
psychological evaluation, counseling con^ct, careers, medical data, and social activities. 
Special Education Coordinator's Version stOTCS informaticHi about parents, student, emergency 
contacts, medical data, class schedule, placement and services, assessment, Individual 
Education Plans (lEPs), and perfcmnance. 



SOFTWARE AND RESOURCES: A NEW DATA BASE 

Summary: This is a database on a disk accessible through PFS:File/Report. 
Hardware: Apple n, PFS:File program, printer 

Intended Users: Cotmselws, psychologists, special educators concerned v; iLh PL 94- 1 42, (The Education of All 
Handiciq>ped Law) 

Conlact($): Joseph C. Clancy, Ed.D. 

Cost: $50.tO, includes disk and hard copy printout; disk alone, $25.00; printout .^one, $35.tX) 



ERLC 



2^3 



DATABASE SYSTEMS 



Description: This database contains about ISO resources useful to career counselors, including software, 
tests and assessments, products, and services. It is designed for those who use computers in 
their practice or are respcMisible for others who do so. Listings can be called up alphabetically, 
by vendor, or other factors. Resources deal with cognitive skill training. Individual Education 
Plans (lEPs), goals and objectives, menK)ry, stress reduction, on-line bulletin boards, bi-lingual 
assessments, and many more topics. (This description pertains to the version developed in 
1987, This program is updated annually,) 



STUDENT DATA BASE 



Summary: This is a program to store, search, and access information aboul students. 
Hardware: Apple; IBM PC, PCjr.; TRS-80 Models m, IV 
Intended Users: Staff and counselors 
Contact(s): Intellectual Software 
Cost: $95.00 

Description: STUDENT DATA BASE allows the accurate and convenient storage of student informati(Mi. It 
provides powerful searching and data analysis routines. The user can easily add or change 
infoimation in eleven standard categories (dus two wsxt user-defmed fields, in seconds, it can 
search and analyze records by name, class, homeroom, sex, birth date, and other criteria of 
choice. Selected infonnation can be displayed m the screen kx printed out in several formats, 
mailing list, student roster, or full informaticm sheet Student data is organized into files of 240 
students each; a single disk will hold up to 3000 records {m the; IBM PC) or 1000 records (on 
the Apple). (This description pertains to the version developed i/i 1984,) 



STUDENT DATA MANAGEMENT SYSTEM 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s). 
Cost: 

Description: 



With this system, a student directory can be compiled and updated wiih ease and accuracy. 
TRS-80 Model m 

AdministratCH'S. counselors, teachers, clerical personnel 
Educational Media Corp. 
$79.95; $1 10.00 with backup disk 

This menu-driven program enables schools to create a school directory and mailing list that not 
only gives the student's name, parent's name, address and telephone numt>er, but also 
categorizes students by homeroom and class. 



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DATABASE SYSl EMS 



TELO SCHOOL 



Summary: 

Hardware; 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost. 

Description: 



This k a record keeping and report generation system designed especially for the elementary 
school. 

Apple 

Elementary scho d'Jministrators 
EISI 

K-12MicroMedia 

$199.00, includes user information and training program 

TELO SCHCX)L maintains up to 48 data itenu per student and stores records for up to 400 
students on one diskette. With additional diskettes, up to 1100 student records can be processed 
at one time. Of the 48 student data categories, 12 are built into ihe system. The remaining 36 
"special programs" are determined anytime by the school. These data items are used by TELO 
SCHOOL to create iMofile reponj by room, grade, or for the entire school. TELO SCHOOL 
also uses this information to create drc^ped student lists, folder and address labels, and room 
rosters. 

Special reports may also be created by using the "inquiry" function. This allows the user to 
group students by virtually any combination of criteria to create inununiz2tion reports, 
language census reports, or reports on special program participation, etc. 




COMMUNICATION 



ANSWER! 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This progr^ is designed to answer the questions students ask over and over again. 

Apple n series, 48K; IBM PC. 64K 

Guidance and career center, personnel, librarians, etc. 

Career Aids, Inc. 

Computer Concepts, Inc^lic Guidance Shoppe 
$79.95 (Apple version); $89.95 (IBM version) 

An easy-to-use format allows the user to choose the questions and answers easily through the 
word processor, incorporating one-touch commands and detailed help screens. THE 
ANSWER! can hold information related to 20 topics on one disk. After viewing options on the 
screen, students simply type in the question in which they are interested. Possible uses include: 
Graduation Requirements, College Information, Testing Schedules, Financial Aid Information, 
Special Events, Picture Dates, etc. (This description pertains to the version developed in 
1985.) 



CREATE A CALENDAR 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This pogram allows the creation of a calendar or journal of activities on the computer. 
Apple n 

Tochers, administrators, counselors, departments, organizations 

Educaticmal Media Corp. 

$29.95, includes one disk and instructions 

This program creates daily, weekly, monthly or yearly calendars in moments. It lets the usci 
write multiple lines of text m every date to make it easy to track events and things to do, or 
everything accomplished. Jt includes graphics, borders and fonts for many occasions, 
accepts pictures from PRINT SHOP compatible graphics disks. (This description pertains to 
the revised vet :ion developed in 1927.) 



LOG 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program assists school personnel to easily log events. 
Commodore 64; PET 

Administrators, supervisors, counselors, teachers, etc. 
Melcher Software 
$19.95 for tape or disk 

Daily activities can be logged conveniently and efficiently. The information can be retrieved in 
a variety of ways: all events for a given date can be listed; all events pertaining to a given 
student can be listed; all events can be listed, instructions are clearly displayed on the screen. 
(This description pertains to the updated version developed in 1987.) 



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MASTER TALKER 

Summary: This is a pre-boot disk which allows ahnost all of SEI's and (swne other educational software) 
toulk. 

Hardware: Apple n series, a vt ^ce synthesizer 

Intended Users: Visually impaired or special-situation counselees 

Contact(s): SEI 

Cost: $45.00, includes disk and instructions 

Description: This program contains denao files of SEI products, and utilities to permit other unprotected, 
stai:dard fwrnai disks to talk. It is especially useful for blind or visunlly-impaired users. The 
voice is adjustable to fast, slow, quieter or louder speech and can easily switch between letter 
spelling and word {X'onunciation modes. It is menu-driven and speed can be interrupted by 
pressing the space bar. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1983.) 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



OVERHEAD EXPRESS 

This program can be used to in'oduce transparencies and computer screen presentations for 
classroom, workshop, and conferences presentations. 

IBM PC, XT, AT and conq)atibles 

Anywhere oveiiieads are needed for presentations 

Business and Professional Software 

$79.00 

Two options for making overheads include the "Express Editor," which contains 12 overhead 
templates, and "Custom Editor," which allows creation of new templates or presentation 
materials for the computer screen. The four typefaces offered are: Classic, Modem, Popular, 
and Script. The feamres of Preview and Review on Screen enable checking the text during the 
process. 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



PRINCIPAL'S ASSISTANT 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program will help produce personalized awards, worksheets, letters, bookmarks, 
certificates and greeting cards. 

Apple n 

Educators, students 
Mindscape, Inc. 

$59.95, includes two disks, manual, sample certificates, gold foil seals; one can add 
PRINQPALS ASSISTANT LIBRARY ($29.95), both for $79.95 

This grafrtiic design utility program prepares school communication items. The user can control 
five type styles, ten bwders, and 180 pictures, or use a >inal art and graphics. PRINCIPAL'S 
ASSISTANT LIBRARY contains over 150 pre-designed i ^ificates, awards and signs. 



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PRINT-A-BANNER 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Conlact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This is a versatile banner printing program. 
Apple n+, He, He 

Students at any grade level, counselors, teachers, clubs 
Computer Concepts, Inc/The Guidance Shoppe 
$34.95 (May be ordered on ^proval) 

This versatile, fun-to-use program creates eye-catching banners of any length. Use it to 
promote, advertise, welcome or celebrate any event. 

Special features: 

• Works with any printer 

• Prints horizontal or vertical banners of any length 

• Has a variety of printing styles 

• Prints black-on-vviiite ot whitc-on-black 

• Includes gr^hics lii rary 

• Special effects options include upside down and backwards printing and borders 
Note: See Section m for a review of thi^s program. 



PRINT SHOP 



Summary: Allows users to print standard and customized graphics. 

Hardware: Apple series; Macintosh; IBM PC/Tandy; Conunodore 64, 128, Atari 400, 800, XL, XE 
Intended Users: Home, school, conununit} ' '*'''ness 
Contact(s) : Broderbund Software 

Cost: $49.95 (AK)le series); $59.95 (Macintosh, IBM PC, Tandy); $44.95 ^Commodore 64, 128; 

Atari 400, 800,XL,XE) 

Description: Eighty typestyles, three formats, 9 border designs, 10 abstract patterns, and many graphic 
designs, symbols, and pictures are offered in this program. Features include the "Graphic 
Editor** (allows users to customize existing graphics or design their own), "Test Editing," 
"Screen Magic," **Reference Card," and others. 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program, 



PRINT SHOP EXPANDERS 

Summary: PRINT SHOP GRAPHICS UBRARY and RS. COMPANION add new power to the original 
PRINT SHOP symbols. 

Hardware: Apple n+. He, He, LOS; IBM PC; Tandy 

Intended Users: Home, school, conmiunity, business 



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Contact(s): Broderbund Software 

Cost: GRAPHICS UBRARY. $24.95 (Apple n+. nc. IIc+. ne); $34.95 (Apple HCS. IBM PC. 

Tandy) 

PS. COMPANION. $39.95 (Apple n+. He. nc+. He); $49.95 (IBM PC. Tandy); no Apple HCS 
available 

Description: OfTering pictures, numbers, and information from other disks, this program offers enhanced 
graphics for creating new designs, and clip them from other sources. It adds 12 new typestyles. 
50 new borders, and many new background designs to the original PRINT SHOP. 

Note: See Section HI for a review of this program. 



RIGHTWRITER 2.1 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program provides a document proofreader and writing style analyzer. 

IBM PC 01 compatible 

Any 

RightSoft 
$95.00 

A summary produces an overall document critique, including a reading grade level irJex. an 
index for the strength of delivery, comments on the usage of jargon, and suggestions for 
improvement. 

Note: See Section HI for a review of this program. 



SLIDE PROJECTOR 

Summary: This program allows u'le creation of slide shows from Apple screen displays. 
Hardware: Apple n+. lie 

Intended Users: Educators and others desiring to add audio-visual program enhancement. 
Contact(s): Conduit 

Cost: $50.00> includes one disk and user's guide (may preview at various preview centers around the 

U.S. or ask for demo disk) 

Description: This program can create slide shows from other Apple 11+ or He programs or from scratch. 

Displays may be pictures, text or graphs. Features quick retrieval from storage (2/3 second) or 
manual control by user. Slides can be printed on dot-matrix printer also. The editing functions 
include 21 character sets (or create your own), and lines, boxes, points, reverses, and fill modes 
to create distinctive titles. 



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COMMUNICATION 



WORD PERFECT 5.0 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This software provides a word processing program for memos, correspondence, and other 
common use. 

IBM PC and compatibles; Amiga; Apple lie, lie, nGS; Atari ST\ and Macintosh 
Any setting where word processing ii> used 
WordPerfect Corporation 
$250.00 

WORD PERFECT features lend themselves to producing newsletters, special forms, progress 
notes ai.d records, integrated master documents, mass mailings, contracts, and many other 
features (i.e., multinational character support and integration of text and giaphics). 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



WORD PERFECT LIBRARY, Version 2,0 



Summary: 
Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



Time and computer file management are the foci of this program. 

IBM PC and compatibles; Amiga; Apple He, He, nGS; Atari SP, Macintojih 

Counseling agencies, schools, universiiies, private practices 

WordPerfect Corporation 

$129.00 

Compatible with other WordPerfect packages, this program is made up of the following six 
integrated programs: SHEIL (menu interface and time tracking), CALCULATOR (performs 
math, financial, statistical and related functions), CALENDAR (organizes schedules and 
appointments), FILE MANAGEMENT, MACRO/PROGRAM EDITORS, and NOTEBOOK 
(organizes and indexes information). 

Note: See Section m for a review of this program. 



YOUR STAF F ASSISTANT 

Summary: This software performs many functions to keep records and facilitate communication in a 
counseling office. 

Hardware: Apple n+. He, He; IBM PC; one disk drive, printer 

Intended User^; Tounselors, psychologists, mental health professionals 

Contact(s): Educational Media Corp. 

Cost: $38.95, includes one disk, manual 

Description: Fron^ the main menu, users can access sections called The Scheduler, MemoPad, MemoPhone, 
and Letter Selector. The Scheduler displays daily schedules for from one to fifteen staff 
members in hourly segments from 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. MemoPad creates, prints, and stores 
up to 1(X) client names, addresses and telephone numbei3 for access via screen and printer. 
Letter Selector contains nine short letters with r>emes relating to client business that can be 
personalized. (TUis description pertains ti *he version developed in 1985 J 



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AUTOMAi ED INSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT (A.I.M.) 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
rontact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This program does objective testing of students in a school system. Tests can be scored in 
individual schools and then forwarded to the central office for further analysis. 

Apple H; Scan-Tron Models 1200, 1300, 2100 

Administrators 

Southeastern Educational Software 

$2000.00, includes disks, manuals and 6 months support 

A.I.M. does ob^xtive testing for a full school system. It reports by class and by objective witti 
year long competency tracking. Tests may contain up to 100 items and each item may refer to 
five objectives. Tests are defined by keyboard or by scanning. Test keys may be two letter 
combinations; e.g., AC if choices A and C are both right. A set of diskettes can store results for 
1000 smdents per discipline. Use other sets for other disciplines. (This description pertains to 
the revised version developed in 1985.) 



CLAS: THE COMPUTERIZED LESSON AUTHORING SYSTEM 

Summary: THE COMPUTERIZED LESSON AUTHORING SYSTEM (CLAS) helps create and present 
lessons to smdents. 

Hardware: Apple H; IBM PC 

Intended Users : Instructors 

Con tact(s) : Career Aids 

Cost: $89.95, includes author disk, student disk, on-line mtorial, user's guide 

Description: Teachers will use three basic conunands to create lessons on a disk. The Author Disk is for 
creating and editing lessons and formatting new disks. The Smdcnt Disk presents the lessons to 
pupils. Lessons can be used over and over again to present new materials, reinforce previous 
learning, or to quiz. Quiz formats available are fill-in-the-blank, true/false, multiple-choice, or 
matching. Problems may be randomly selected. Each lesson can have up to 30 problem sets, 
each containing any number of questions. 



CURRICULUM MANAGER 

Summary: This is a hard-disk program designed to network a lab of Apple computers. 

Hardware: Apple series, (xie hard disk drive, printer, network system (Onmi-Net-SWI network) 

Intended Users: School computer labs 

Contact(s): Essertier Software Corp. 

Cost: Approximately $ 2000.00— Mathware software, FunWriter software 

Description: This is a set of programs that assigns, tests, keeps records, and automatically updates 
curriculum for an entire onnputer lab. It will handle records for an ahnost unlimited amount of 
students. (This description pertains to tne version developed in 1982.) 



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COMPUTER ASSISTED INSTRUCTION 



EXAM BUILDER 

Siunmary* This is a menu^iven progran^ to set up and generate tests. 
Hardware: Tandy 1000; TRS-80 Models IH. IV. 256K 
Intended Users: Universities and corporate training departments 
Contact(s): A.U. Software 
Cost: $99.95 

Description: This software will store questions and answers from multiple subject areas of the user's choice. 

It has the ability to add or edit, and can generate tests of up to ISO questions randomly or by 
teacher selection of items. It has master list capability and password-protected answer keys. 



EXAMINER 

Summary: This software enables students to take a test created with EXAMS HI at the computer. 

Hardware: TRS-80. Models m. IV. 32K. one disk drive 

Intended Users: Students 

Contact(s): Shenandoah Software 

Cost: $69.95. includes diskette and manual 

Description: The student selects answers and immediately learns whether the answer is right or wrong. The 
teacher may allow right answer feedback. The student's score is displayed, and he/she may 
review the test. The teacher has the option of class grade list with names, scores, date, and time 
lapsed during test, performance profile, complete record of each student's answers, class 
statistics, and transferring scores to RECORDS diskette to integrate the grades with other 
scores. (This description pertains to the revised version developed in 1984.) 



EXAMS III 

Summary: Teachers can create and print tests from a stored bank of test items. 

Hardware: IBM PC. XT. AT. PS/2, and compatibles. 256K. two drives or one drive and one hard disk. 
DOS 2.0 or higher: TRS-80 Models HI. IV. one or two drives, printer 

Intended Users: Instructors 

Contact(s): Shenandoah Software 

Cost: $99.00 for Hrst school, includes diskette and manual; each additional school. $49.50 

Description: This program allows storage of 300 test items per disk from which to choose up to 100 
multiple-choice, fill-in. short answer, essay questions, or true/false questions. It is possible to 
choose test itenos by keyboard, search, random selection, or manual choice. One can print tests, 
answer sheets, and matching keys. The teacher compiles as many questions as desired by using 
multiple disks. There is a built-in text editor. (This description pertains to the version updated 
in 1987.) 



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FINAL EXAM 

Summary: This lest or drill-making program allows graphics with the questions. 
Hardware: Apple n+, lie, He, and clones (i.e., Franklin 500); joystick, printer 
Intended Users: Teachers/parents 
Contact(s): Earthware 

Cost: $29.95, includes two disks, teacher's manual, and documenution 

Description: This is a lest or drill authoring program which supports graphics. The test may be taken and 
scored on computer. 

FINAL EXAM contains a mini-drawing routine to do quick line drawings or one may add full- 
screen graphics created elsewhere. Figure graphics may be rotated on a two- or a three- 
dimensional plane. Users simply type the number of the questions the graphic is to appear with 
and both the question and the picture will appear on the same screen. One question will scroll 
off as a new one appears. FINAL EXAM supports multiple-choice, true/false, and essay 
questions. The first two may be graded <mi the computer but the other may not. The essay 
pcMtion does not permit computer input for long essays. About 75 questions will be possible 
using one disk. A teacher can create a longer test by combining two tests. (This description 
pertains to the version developed in 1986,) 



MICROTEST 



Summary: 

Hardware: 

Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



MICROTEST provides a test generation system which can create, refine, update, store and 
generate a variety of tests. 

Apple Ue, 48K JX)S 3.2 or 3.3, two drives required; TRS-80, 48K; IBM PC, 64K; 
Macintosh 

Teachers and teacher/counselors 

Career Aids, Inc. 
Opportunities for Learning, Inc. 

$99.95 - $103.00, includes one disk and documentatio*^! 

MICROTEST is a test-generation system offering .ase of use, flexibility, and control for the 
instructor. The system allows the teacher to create refine, update, store, and generate a variety 
of tests, from quizzes to majw examinations* in any subject area at any level. Over 400 
questions and answers can be stored on a single data disk. When a test is needed covering the 
same subject as a previous test, it can be created by reananging questions, combining questions 
from prior tests, or adding new questions. MICROTEST allows teachers to tailor exams to 
their specific instructional goals. 



^92 



COMPUTER ASSISTED INSTRUCTION 



SUMMIT 



Summary: 

Hardware: 

Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



SUMMIT allows the creation of computer-assis^ed instruction with a simplified authorizing 
system using menus. 

IBM PC, XT or AT or 100% compatible; color graphics adaptor (CGA) or 256K enhanced 
graphics adaptor (EGA), Microsoft Mouse, optional printer 

Human Resource Development Departments, educators 

Cmceptual Systems 

$2,500.00 to purchase, or sit<* license 

Users can develop colorful courses or lessons to be taken at the computer. They have total 
control over content and responses, can use built-in or custom-designci sequences and 
branches, and can incorporate student tracking and reports if they desiie. They can 
imprat/export graphics and material from other programs. They can view the computer screens 
as tLey are being created. Beginners can use menus and prompts to create their course, or 
advanced users can go directly into programming. Displays can contain boxes, lines, circles, 
custom characters, and fonts. Up to 1000 screens can be stored on one floppy disk. No royalties 
are levied on courseware created. (This description pertains to the version developed in 1987.) 



TEACHING ASSISTANT 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



A teacher can create up to 300 review questions from which the computer can generate test 
questions. 

Apple n series, printer, two disk drives 

Teachers 

AAVlM 

$100.00 

The teacher develops files of multiple-choice, true-false, fill-in-the-blank or other types of 
questions. Teachers can select test questions from a list, or have the computer select at random. 
Each file can store 300 short questions or 100 longer questions. Files cpn be edited, renamed, 
transferred, or combined. This is a menu-driven program. 



TEST MAKER 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 



This program can create a database of up to 500 test questions per file. Any number of files can 
be used. 

PET; Commodore 64 
Teachers and administrators 
Melcher Software 

$39.95, includes disk and documentation 



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COMPUTER ASSISTED INSTRUCTION 



Description: This utility program allows the user to create and edit a database of multiple-choice test 
questiwis, up to 500 in (me file. Any number of files can be used. From any file, tests can 
easily be constructed; the computer caa choose any number of questions at random. The user 
has the option of printing out a test (or the entire dau file), or allowing a student to take the 
randomly-generated test at the computer (in such a case, the computer keeps track of, and 
displays* all scoring information). Many use this program for creating make-up tests and 
insuring that tests vary from semester to semester. Answer sheets can also be printed, if 
desired. An inappropriate respcmse will generate an appropriate message. (This description 
pertains to the updated version developed in 1987,) 



TESTMASTER 

Summary: This program assists in creating three types of paper-and-pencil tests. 
Hardware: Apple; Commodore 64 
Intended Users: Teachers 
Contact(s): Intellectual Software 
Cost : $35.00, includes one disk 

Description: TESTMASTER creates multiple-choice, completion, and short answer questions for 
administratiwi on p^r. Tests of up to 100 questions can be made using selection from up to 
10 different question files. Questions may be selected by visually scanning a file or by 
allowing the computer to pick items randomly. TESTMASTER can also generate answer keys. 



TQAS— THE TEST AND QUESTIONNAIRE ANALYSIS SYSTEM 



Summary: 
Hardware: 

Intended Users: 

Contact(s): 

Cost: 

Description: 



This is a program designed to score, analyze and report results of tests and questionnaires. 

IBM PC; TRS-80 Models m, IV; Apple n series, Microsoft Softcard or equivalent and serial 
communications board; other computers running CP/M; printer, optical maik reader 

Staff, administratCM-s, counselors, teachers, business executives, researchers 
Prep, Inc. 

$435.00 for program disk, backup copy, manual, sample test and questionnaire. Scoring 
administration cards are extra; demo dif ks are $ 20.00 

Using the TQAS program requires six short steps: 

1 . The user develops or selects a test or questionnaire. 

2. Participants are given the test or questionnaire, and answers are marked on response cards. 

3. The correct response key is filled in on a blank response card and fed into the computer, 
using the optical reader. 

4. The administrator selects from among the types of reports offered on the menu. 

5. The administrator feeds the completed response cards into the optical reader, and follows 
directions on the screen. 

6. All reports aie then printed. 



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Tests are so^ed using a number correct formula. Quesuomvaires are scored as Ukert scales, 
and sccmng weight for individual items may be reversed Up to 100-item tests may be scored 
with up to S non-overlapping subtests or subscales. The number of students processed is 
virtually unlimited, subject to available disk space. Item analyses showing item difficulties, 
correlations, and standard deviations are available. The total test sununary includes mean 
score, standard deviation, reliability coefficient, skewness, kurtosis, percentile ranks, frequency 
distribution, and others. A full diagnostic report is generated for each smdent. (This 
description pertains to the version developed in 1984.) 



Software for Administration 



STATISTICS 



MICROTEST SCORE I AND U 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact(s): 
Cost: 

Description: 



These programs are software packages for OMR (optical mark reading), test scoring, and 
reporting. 

Apple n+, ne (Score I); BM PC (Score I & n); Sentry 3000 scanner, optional printer 

Profesi^ionals involved in formalized testing 

National Computer Systems 

SCORE I: $275.00; SCORE D: $550.00 

SCORE I: Test forms are scanned at high speed by a scanner a^^d data are transferred to 
microcomputer for inmiediate reports. SCORE I is ideal for routine classroom tests and mid- 
term and final exams, pre-employment or career advancement tests, clinical tests and attiiude 
surveys. There are four report cations. 

SCORE II: As above, but SCORE n also allows scoring of multiple subtests, merging of data 
files, and additional statistical analysis. Data may be used for immediate reports or stored for 
later, mote sophisticated analysis. Five report options are available. SCORE n scores up to 240 
items. It is used by elementary schools through universities and in the business conmi::-uty. 



MYSTAT 



Summary: 

Hardware: 

Intended Users: 

Contact(s). 

Cost: 

Description: 



This is a personal version of SYSTAT for the Macintosh, and is useful for basic statistical 
analyses. 

Apple Macintosh with one megabyte of memory and either a hard disk drive or two 800K 
floppy drives. 

Research settings, graduate schools 

SYSTAT 

Free 

MYSTAT uses four different windows: 0) Editor (allows execution of statistical techniques), 
(2) View (displays statistical analyses), (3) Text, and (4) Macro commands. The user can add, 
modify, and delete variables from a data file already constructed. 

Note: See Section IQ for a review of this program. 



Q/A SCANNER 

Sun mary: This program provides test-scoring software for up to 1000 names on a disk. It scans one class 
at a time and prints ranked lists of student results. 

Hardware: Apple 11; TRS-80 Models m, IV; Scan-TYon Data Terminal 

Intended Users: Teachers, anyone needing to score tests 

Con tact(s) : Southeastern Educational Software 

Cost: $75.00, includes disk and documentation; can be purchased for site use 



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Description: Q/A SCANNER prints a ranked list of smdent results and individual smdent results. It shows 
the student's answer and jMrints the correct answer if the student missed the question. It 
computes common class statistics on tests of up to 100 items. Q/A SCANNER uses generic 
3can-Tron forms: 2200, 22000, 20052. (This description pertains to the version developed in 
1984.) 



STAT 

Summary: This software contains a series of eleven statistical programs. 

Hardware: PET; Commodore 64; printer optional 

Intended Users: Teachers, students, administrators 

Contact(s): Melcher Software 

Cost: $29.95, includes disk and documentation 

Description: These programs can be used by the serious smdent or professional for a variety of statistical 
analyses. The programs are most useful for supplementing material presented in a standard 
high school or college statistics course. In almost all cases, the user has the opiioa of displaying 
the data and statistical results on the screen or the pointer. Where appropriate, the computer will 
generate random data if desired by the user. 

This is an eduooiCHial aid to illustrate some of the salient aspects of the Central Limit Theo-em, 
correlation coefficient, and linear regression equation. It can also be used to generate larger 
samples and more "realistic" data. Written documentation is provided for each program. The 
programs include: bin<Hi>ial frequencies (Bernoulli trials); confidence intervals; comparison or 
means (large or small samples — independent or dependent); chi square; correlation coefficient; 
linear regression; Central Limit Theorem; analysis of variance; Scheffe, Kruskal-Wallace» 
Mann-Whimey tests; and more. (This description pertains to the revised version developed in 
1987.) 



STATISTICS WITH FINESSE 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
Contact($): 
Cost: 

Description: 



This package of 35 statistical programs is creatively presented to provide more statistics 
practice for the student and to allow the researcher more convenience and control. 

Apple, 48K, at least one disk drive; IBM PC, 48K, BASIC 

High school and college students, researchers 

Statistics With Finesse 

$130.0^ for the package of 40 programs. For the Apple, the package comes on six diskettes in a 
plastfc case. A seventh disk contains shorter keyboard-only versions of 20 of the most popular 
programs. For the IBM PC, the package comes on five diskettes. 

These programs enable the teacher to give practice problems and make available large 
collections of data for practice. The student can boot his diskette and enter data without 
assistance. The seascMied researcher can build a data file and run programs without a course in 
computing. 



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STATISTICS 



FILE MANAGEMENT: The user can create a disk file, read and print the file, edit to correct 
f rrors, add cases to an exLting file, delete cases from a file, add variables to a file, rearrange 
variables, change variable codes, group variable scores, transform variables, sort aipha and 
numeric, copy file for backup, and create subfiles. 

DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS: This program creates means and standard deviations, Pearson 
correlation coefficient, percentages, frequencies, cross tabulation, means by subgroups, 
Z*scores and Tscores, random samples, and linear regressim. 

TTEST AND ANOVAS: The user can t-test for independent samples, bi-serial correlation, 
dependent measures, one-sample mean, one-way analysis of variance. Fisher and Scbeffe 
multiple co*nparisons, two-way analysis of variance, treatments by subjects, and analysis of co- 
variance. 

NONPARAMETRIC STATISTICS: This program runs chi-square goodness-of-fit, chi-square 
independence, cramer phi, contingency coefficient. Spearman Rho correlation, Kendall Tau 
correlaticxi, coefficient of concordance, Wlcoxon-matchfxl pairs test, Mann- Whitney U-test, 
Friedman ANOVA, and Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA. 

MULTIVARIATE: One can axrelate matrix, compute and store, stwe known matrix, read and 
print matrix, edit matrix; multiple regression from raw scores, and from chelations; factor 
analysis from raw scores and frcmi correlations. 

TEST ANALYSIS: The user can create Likert-type scales, multiple-choice tests, difficulty 
indexes, discrimination indexes, response tallies, Kuder-Richardson, respondent scores, 
subscale scores, percentiles, deciles, and quartiles. 



SURVEY PROCESSING 



Summary: 

Hardware: 
Intended Users: 
ContacKs): 
Cost: 

Description: 



SURVEY PROCESSING is a computer program which analyzes survey results when forms are 
scanned by Scan-Tron Dau Terminals. 

Apple n; IBM PC and compatibles; TRS-80 Models m, IV; also available for VAX computers 
Anyone who does surveys 
Southeastern Educational Software 

$150.00, includes disk and documentation; VAX price upon request 

SURVEY PROCESSING is a powerful, easy-to-use analysis tool that is designed to cut survey 
handling time drastically. Curvey processing allows up to 100 items with either "abcde*' or 
"12345" resporiScs for the number, a weighted average is calculated for each survey item. The 
program stores information for 2500 respondents on the IBM and 1000 on the Apple and TRS- 
80. An IBM version is available for several custom forms. The company will consider 
customizing for new forms. (This description pertains to the revised version developed in 
1985.) 



ERIC 



Section III: 
Software Reviews 



ERIC 



* 3.j0 



Software for 
Personal Counseling 



301 



BE A WINNER: SET YOUR GOALS 

Publisher: Microcomputer Educational Programs, 157 S. Kalamazoo Mall, Suite 250, Kalamazoo, Ivn 49007 
Authosr: George L. Spengler 
Co§t: Unavailable 

Hrrdware: IBM PC, XT or AT computer (or compatible) with 256K minimum and CGA or Hercules graphics card 
with appropiate monitor, Apple n (widi Applesoft in ROM or on language card), Apple II+, He, or lie, 
4gK minimum and an apfvopriatc monitor, preferably color, also needed is an 80-column printer 

Setting: High school 

Reviewer: Nina W. Brown, Associate Professor, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 



Be a Winner: Set Your Goals was reviewed on IBM 
and IBM compatible computers. It is an interactive 
program designed to aid students in analyzing their 
ability, values and aptitudes and how these relate to 
personal goals. There are five components and each may 
be run sqxntely: Goals, Wues, ^tudes, AbiUties, and 
The Cost The student can receive a {vintout of responses 
after completing the program. 

The first seg. ient on goals must be completed first as 
the responses will be used to evaluate and analyze 
subsequent responses in other segments. The student is 
introduced to setting short- and long-term goals and to 
setting some ^*rsonal goals. 

The second segment requires that the student 
examine personal values and how these values affect 
goals. The emphasis is on helping the student to 
understand that diversify of values is normal and 
expected, and that there is a relationship between one's 
values and one's goals. The student is aslced to input three 
values. The program will not proceed until at least two 
have been entered. The program then relates the goals 
firom segment one to the values in this segment. 

The third segment focuses on aptitudjs and attempts 
to define aptitudes by providing several examples. 
Although the program lists verbal, musical, artistic, 
spatial, clerical, numerical and mechanical aptitudes, the 
student is not limited to these q)titudes and may type in 
any others, e.g., investigative. A possible limitation may 
be the Imvity of the definitions and examples. A student 
who has never befcne been exposed to these may have 
some difficulty in absorbing and understanding all of the 
CiateriaL The aptiuides are also related to the individual's 
goals set in segment one. 

The fourth segment points out th^* differences in 
abilities and aptibides by using examples of how abilities 
can aid one in achieving goals. Some abilities can be 
learned. The student is cautioned that some goals may not 
be obtained until this learning has taken place. 

The final segment provides an opportunity for 
students lo consider options. The intended puipose of this 



section is to malce the suident aware that achieving a goal 
requires choosing of uons, i.e., one may have to give up 
something in order to attain something else. This choice is 
better made with full awareness of all the options. The 
program seelcs to make the studen^^ *\ware that choosing 
among q)tions continues throughou. «ife. 

Each segment can be completed in 10-20 minutes 
depending on the reading level of the student. The 
program assumes a fifth grade minimum reading level. 
The manual notes that sor.^ words may be unfieuniliar and 
suggests that the teacher/counselor prepare flash cards 
with definitions in the event that a student cannot proceed 
until the word or concq)t is defined. 

The screen u well formatted and the student controls 
the pace. It is unlikely that students could take this 
without supervision. Numerous questions arise due to the 
material's unfamiiiarity. Students who are helped through 
the first two cr three segments may be aide to complete 
the other two or three on their own. 

The author suggests that the program be used in 
conjunction with other classroom strategies designed to 
help with goal setting. The author says that this program 
is to be used with secondary students and other adults. I 
believe that a better response may be received from 
suidents in middle and junior high schools. High school 
students and adults who would most benefit from this 
program would be those with limited ability and 
experience. The lower-than-average reading level may 
bc.c the average and above-avmge high school student 

The manual provides suggestions for the classroom 
teacher that augment what is provided in the program.The 
teacher needs to know about value clarification 
techniques, goal setting strategies, and career education 
and have information about interest, ability and aptitude 
testing. While this knowledge is expected of counselors, it 
is unlikely that most teachers have the type of expertise 
needed to accurately provide follow-up activities most 
useful to students. 



^ Software for Pe^nal Counseling 



302 



303 



CLINICAL INTERVIEWS 



Publisher: Qinical Interviews. Box 69. Willard. NY 14588 

Author: Joella M. Rand and Martin Rand 

Cost: MS*DOS and i^le: $40.00; CcMnmodore 64/1 28: $30.00 

Hardware: IBM PC or conoipatible. Apple n series, or Commodore 64/1 28 

Setting: Counselor training programs 

Reviewer: Nick Piazza, Assistaitt Ptofessor. University of Toledo. Toledo. OH 



There have been several programs developed that 
allow computer users to carry on a simulated "conver- 
sation'* with their computers, llie most notable example is 
that of EUZA. ELIZA was designed to emulate certain 
nondirective interviewing techniques in a simulated 
counseling session with a uf ^ who adq>ted the role of 
client Clinical Interview! reverses the roles and allows 
the user to interview a computerized client 

CUnical Interviews is targeted for use with students 
who are just developing intenriew skills and who arc as 
yet unready to work with actual clients. The goal of 
CUnical Interviews is for the student to try to elicit as 
much information firom the '*client" as possible during the 
interview. Each disk contains five simulated clients and 
each interview should last iqypioxunately two hours. The 
authors have woriced hard to insure that the computer's 
responses to student questions are as appropriate and 
realistic as possible. 

The authors are quick to note that this is not a 
simulation of an actual counseling session, but is only 
meant to be a simulation of an initial interview. 
Consequently, skills such as reflecting, attending, and 
probing are the most effective in eliciting desired 
responses. Other skills such as interpretation or 
conlrontation are less effective. Clinical Interviews is 
perhaps strongest in the areas of content and realism. 
Each of the five simulated clients come with thorough on- 
disk descriptions and the computer's responses are 
colorful and reminiscent of actual clients. Another strong 
feature of the program is the on-disk help feature. If a 
student is unable to devetop a line of questioning, he or 
she may ask for hints from the computer. The program is 
also good at discouraging students from asking 
inapprcq)riate questions or making judgmental statements. 

Other valuable features include the ability to 
tempcxarily step out of the interview and review one's 
progress and then immediately re-enter the interview at 
the point of exit. Unfortunately, the user does not have the 



option of exiting the program and re-entering it at a later 
date. A hard copy option is available so that students may 
keep a permanent record of the simulation for later 
review. The aulhors note that this option is useful in 
removing some of the "video game" aspects of using the 
program. When students realize their work may be 
reviewed, they take the exercise much more seriously. 

Documentation is adequate and is available both on- 
disk and through the manual. The program is written in 
compiled BASIC so it runs fairly quickly and appears to 
be bug free. Also, because the program is written in 
BASIC, it was relatively easy to modify the program to 
run on all three of the most commonly available computer 
systems (Apple. IBM. and Commodore). While it is 
evident that much attention went into developing the 
program, more care could have been taken in developing 
the vkleo presentation. Several screens arc crude and text 
presentation could be more pcdished. 

The overall impression one gets from Clinical 
Interviews is diat it is a very credible effort at bringing 
computerized clinical simulation into the counseling and 
human services field. This program would appear to be 
ideally suited to any training or educational setting where 
interviewing skills are important such as counseling, 
social work, or nursing education programs. Several 
masters level counseling students were asked to use the 
program, and they all agreed that such a program would 
have been most useful in their introductory skills courses. 

One feature which has been highlighted is the advan- 
tage to students who can now work on thtr skills in 
private and at their own pace. For this reason aione. 
Clinical Interviews would be a valuable addition to a 
training program. The limitations noted above are minor 
and no doubt will be addressed in later editions. However, 
considering the price and the performance of Clinical 
Interviews it is easy to recommend this program to 
anyone interested in the training and education of human 
service practitioners. 



O 304 

ERIC 



303 



COPING WITH STRESS 



Publisher: Psycomp. Self-Help Software. P.O. Box 994, Woodland mils. C A 9 1 367 
Cost: $129.95 

Hardware: An IBM PC (or coiiq)auble) with 128K memory, a video monitor or monochrcMiie display; an IBM- 
DOS diskette is needed U) prepare the program. 

Setting: Ap{m^riate for fnivate pra^^uces and educational institutions. Devised primarily for user's home. 

Reviewer: Jdm Bloom. Associate PrQfes?or. Northern Arizona University. Flagstaff. AZ 



Coping with Stress was evaluated on an IBM PC 
with 64K of user memory, ccxmected to an Epson FX- 
86c printer. 

Coping with Stress (CWS) is promoted by its 
authors as belonging to a new category of software 
called "psychdogical self-help.** As such. i\ is designed 
to be prinudly in the privacy of one's own hcHne 
without the assistance of a helping professional. 
However, helping professicmals will find this program 
an inqx)Ttaiit adjunct to therapy as it [rovides a high 
tech versicm of bibliotherapy for clients prefer to 
complete psychological homework assignments by 
curling up to a craiputer instead of curling up with a 
hook. 

The eighteen-page book that accompanies the 
CWS software not only tells the user how to operate 
the i^ogram, but **aiso ccmtains impcvtant information 
concerning its clinically-proven effectiveness." In 
reality, the latter phrase means that the information 
presented is not concerned with Ae general effective- 
ness of cognitive therapy interventions* rather, it is 
concerned with how cognitive therapy interventions 
may help alleviate stressful situations. This infomiation 
is not documented with self-help n>ateria!s. This 
onussion makes it difficult for the user to obtain 
additional infcmnation . 

Part One of CWS presents the wide rwicty of 
intellectual and motional factors which pre ki ?wn to 
inhibit one's adaptation and adjustment to stress. The 
belief that thoughts give rise to feelir^gs, «nd this 
combination determines how we act and behave, is the 
philosophy behind these six lessons. Computerized 
personal messages (i.e.. "My name is John, and I can 
no longer blame anything or anycne else for my 
emotional reactions.**) make it difficult for the user to 
ignore his/her contributions to stressful situations. 
Ccmversely, personalized reinforcements such as "..you 
are doing something about your feelings in stressful 



situations. John," enable the user to see the progress 
toward the desired goal of more successfully coping 
with stress. 

The user is encouraged by the authors to be 
deliberate in approaching these six lessons. Taking an 
hour, a day or even a week between lessons (as they 
instruct) should provide adequate time for the ideas to 
germinate. 

Part Two reinforces what has been learned about 
stress and. when successful, the program effects a 
positive change in the user*s feelings and in his/her 
coping behavior as well. In the "Exercises and 
Assignments** secticms. the user practices what he/she 
has learned in three types of stressful situations: actual 
stress situations, anticipated stress situations, and 
assumed stress situations. The user also responds to a 
lengthy set of questions like **Do you always slough off 
compliments?** and "Are you skeptical about space 
travel?" 

An important aspect of Part Two. often left out of 
other therapeutic interventions, is addressing the issue 
of how others are affected by the change in one's 
personality. 

The package of materials I was sent to review 
contained two seemingly identical user books. I took 
the advice contained in the first book which suggested 
that I make a backup copy of the program. I was 
unsuccessful at doing this. The reason for my failure 
became apparent when I examined the second book 
and discovered that there was no mention of making a 
backup disk. PSYCOMP needs to be more consistent in 
their supplementary written materials. 

I would cerfainly reconmiend this program for 
purchase. As tb^ authors indicate, *lt costs less than 
two sessions with most therapists and can be used and 
reused forever.** Once I get over the stress of not having 
an extra $129.00 to invest. I will probably buy one for 
myself. 



Software for Personal Counseling 



304 



305 



DRUGS: THEIR EFFECTS ON YOU 



Publisher: Marshware, P.O. Box 8082, Shawnee Mission, KS 66208 

Author: Unavailable 

Cost: Unavailable 

Hardware: Apple n+. He, He, IIGS 

Setting: Elementary and secondary schools 

Reviewer: Nick J. Piazza, Assistant Professor, The University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 



Drags: Their Effects on You was evaluated on an 
Apple nGS with a coIch* Drugs: Their ""fTects on You 
was evaluated on an An)le IIGS with a colcv monitor. 
While a color monitor is not required, it is recommended 
if the full benefit of the graphics are to be received Since 
the program is largely tutorial, a printer is not necessary. 

The publisher states that Drugs: Their Effects on 
You was "designed lo educate students about a variety of 
drugs and their effects.** The program also contains 
impcvtant information about peer pressure and "saying 
no** as a p" isure resistance skill. The information 
provided covers four types of drugs: stimulants, 
depressants, hallucinogens, and narrotics. The program 
deals with both illegal and legal chemicals, for example, 
caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol. 

Modules are also provided on peer pressure, taking 
risks, and on how to say **no** to things you don't want to 
do. In all three cases, the program gives a balanced 
presentation. The user is presented with both the negative 
and the positive aspects of taking risks, saying no to 
friends, and of seeking affiliation with a peer group. 

The program contains high quality infcmnation and 
the graphics and text are well-formatted and attractive. In 
addition to the information presented, there is a 
bibliogr^y and a recommended reading list Lists of 
supporting filmstrips and materials are also provided. 
Educational objectives are clearly stated and follow-up 
exercises are given. It is obvious that the publishers intend 
for tiieir product to be used as part of a comprehensive 
educational program about drugs and alcohol and not a 
"stand atone" program. 



The program comes with complete documentation 
including instructions on how to load and run the 
software. Instructions are also given on-line, so it is 
possible to use the program without having to refer to the 
manual. Program cq)enitjon is smooth and logical. The 
publishers have achieved an ideal balance between 
coaching the new user along without alienating more 
experienced users. 

The publisher should be commended for not only 
presenting factual informaticm on drugs and alcohol but 
for trying to persuade the user to resht using chemicals. 
The iHOgram discusses taking risks and the need felt by 
young people to fit in. Unfortunately, the program limits 
its discussion of pressure resistance skills to simply 
"saying no." The authcM^ acknowledge that saying "no** 
may result in **teasing" from friends, but states that the 
consequences from taldng drugs are £air worse. 

The im)gram does not address the young person who 
is attracted to a drug using crowd. This program would 
probably be most effective in reinforcing antidrug 
attitudes in low risk students. Whether or not this program 
would have any effect on high risk students or on students 
aheady using drugs md/or alcohol is doubtful. 

Drugs: Their Effect on You would probably be most 
useful for individuals seeking factually sound information 
for 11 to IS year-olds. It would best be utilized in 
conjunction with a more comprehensive drug and alcohol 
edacdon program. 



ERLC 



306 



DRUGS: WHO'S IN CONTROL? 

Publisher: Marshwarc, P.O. Box 8082. Shawnee Mission, KS 66208 

Author: Unavailable 

Cost: Unavailable 

Hardware: Apple He, He, IIGS 

Setting: Elementary and secmdary schools 

Reviewer: Nick J. Piazza, Assistant Professor, The Unive sity of Tbledo, Toledo, OH 



Drugs: Who*s in Control? was evaluated on an 
Apple IIGS using a color monitor. Since the program does 
not make use of the ^le IIGS gnqphics, a monochrome 
monitor would be mont than adequate. Since the program 
promotes printing certain sections, a printer is 
iccommenucd. 

Drugs: Who*s In Control? was designed to give 
students a chance to discuss, test, and learn the 
consequences of certain decisions relevant to drug or 
alcohol use. The program presents students with a series 
of four increasingly complex and very realistic social 
situations in whi:,h the user might be tempted or 
encouraged to use drugs. In each situation, the student is 
confironted by a "friend" and is asked to engage in some 
form of drug or alcohol jse. The student is then given a 
list of (two to four) reqwnscs from which to reply. The 
responses range from acquiescence to resistance. Once the 
student chooses, the computer generates an outcome 
based upon the student's choice. The consequences range 
from nothing seriouo to personal injury or even death. 

Probably the greatest strength of Drugs: Who's in 
Control? is the realism and honesty with which it 
approaches these consequences. The authors recognize 
that sometimes jteople do experiment without experien- 
cing ill consequences. They also recognize that sometimes 
these experiments produce desirable outcomes. This 
acknowledgement seems to lend more credence to the 
program when more serious outcomes dppeai latar. 

Supporting this program is a comprehensive and 
helpful user's manual. This manual is designed primarily 
for the teacher, and includes detailed advice on classroom 



preparation, follow-up activities, and a bibliography. 
Forms with which to guide class discussions are included. 
The publishers have given permission to reproduce these 
forms. 

The purpose of Drugs: Who's in Control? is to get 
young people thinking and discussing issues surrounding 
the use of drugs and alcohol. The idea behind this 
program is to promote positive peer pressure among 
students as part of a more comprehensive drug and 
alcohol education program. The program also provides an 
opportunity for students to collectively practice and role- 
play difficult social situations in which drugs are present 

Another strength of this program is that it is designed 
to be used in groups. Up to nine different groups can 
adopt either a male or female role, with different members 
playing the role of the "friend** who encourages drug use 
or the "follower" who must decide what to do. This aspect 
promotes cooperation among groups as well as group 
members. 

Much of my favorable opinion of this product is 
based on the excellence of the content The beist way for 
this program to be utilized would be for the teacher or 
group leader to print out the scenarios and choices, pass 
them out to the groups, and read off the consequences 
when group discussion is completed. 

Drugs: Who's in Control? is of sufficient value to 
be recommended to teachers/counselors looking for a 
realistic £nd honest stimulus for discussion. Drugs: 
Who's in Control? would be most efficiently used as part 
of an overall drug and alcohol educaticm series. 



oT^ftware for Pers(Mial Counseling ^ ^ ^01 

EMC 



HANDWRITING ANALYST 



Publisher: Ciasa, Inc., Wintergreen Software, Inc., 2017 Cedar St., Berkeley, CA 94709 
Authtir: Garth Michaels, Marilyn Maze, and Dorothy Hodos 
Cost: $49.95 + $3 shipping 

Itardware: This program requires one of the following: An IBM microcomputer with 2S6K and DOS 2. 1 or 
above, a Macintosh with S 1 2K and aay operating system, or an Apple with 64K and DOS 3.3 

Setting: Mental health agencies and private practice, business and industry, universities and community 
colleges, high schools and the home or ofTice 

Reviewer: John Bloom, Associa^ Professor, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 



Handwriting Analyst is an outstanding piece of 
software for those interested in graphology and is of 
potenti;*! interest to counseling profession's. The well 
written and informative brochure indicates that 
graphology, like psychology, is rooted in the study of 
philosophy. In fact, a quote included from the Greek 
Phitosopher Aristode expresses his understanding of the 
reUitionship between handwriting and personality (even 
though he chose never to write his last name). More 
recently the Harvard University Psychological Qinic was 
the site of extensive wcA by Gordon AUport and Philip 
Vernon who observed that an individual's movements, 
including his/her writing, are consistent and may be 
considered an expression of one's personaUty. 

With this software, the user critiques his/her own 
handwriting sample, the sample of a friend or relative 
and/or one of a dozen samples inovided by various past 
and present personalities including Isaac Asinnov, Glcvia 
Steinem, and John Hancock. The user devotes approxi- 
mately 3(0 to 45 minutes to considering leqxHises to sixty 
questions, each having clear examples in the tKOchure. 

So, why is a handwriting analysis software package 
being reviewed by a counseling softw are review board? 
IVue, the primary author (Michaels) has a degree in 
psychology, and the secondary author (Maze) a degree in 
counseling, but that is not a sufficient reason to recook- 
mend Handwritbig Analyst to counseling professionals. 

However, consider the veteran counselor who 
reported using handwriting analysis for years as a non- 
threatening icebreaker with high school students. He was 
excited about having a high-tech version available for his 
use. If he were using the handwriting of software 
devebper Marilyn Maze as an example, he could discover 
that Marilyn, appears to "enjoy being inventive, but is 
able to bring her inventiveness under control. She is an 



abstract thinker with a philosophical mind. She is intcUec- 
tually-oriented and appreciates elegant ideas which are 
profound and wide-reaching. She is attentive to details. 
She likes to read" 

The printout also includes comments about physical 
and material drives (is neither overly thrifty nor overly 
generous), emotional characteristics (feelings are usually 
moderate in intensity) and personality traits (is cautious 
and reflective). Also included are insights into social 
behavior (is socially indep^dent) and vocational implica- 
tions Oikeis to omit unessential tasks). 

Another use of Handwriting Analyst was suggested 
by another reviewer who commented, "You mean 
handwriting analysis like we used to do at the county fair? 
My club made a bundle of money running that booth. I 
think I see some fund raising possibilities for our new Chi 
Sigma Iota Counseling Honorary!" The enterprising 
organization could collect writing samples from an entire 
class or via an advertisement in the newspaper, perform 
the analysis and then send out either a Quick Rqx)rt or a 
Detailed R^ort 

The Quick Report contains all the information found 
in the Detailed RepcHt. The only difference is that the 
Quick RepOTt uses short statements while the Detailed 
Report contains careful explanations of each charac- 
teristic. Length of the report varies on whether a text 
sampte only, a signature only ex both have been analyzed 
and the report can be sent to the screen, to a printer or to a 
disk before printing. 

Handwriting Analyst is reasonably priced, easy to 
use, full of potential and just plain old fun. Whether used 
to advance one's skills as a graphologist, to gain insights 
into one's own personality, or in contt'olled counseling 
situations this software can make a unique contribution to 
one's personal and professional software collection. 



HEART-TO-HEART 



Publisher: Interactive Software, 496 LaGuardia Place, New York, NY 10012 

Auttior: Steven Herman 

Cost: $49.95 

Hardware: IBM PC or compatible with 2S6K, one drive, and a printer 

Setting: Agency/community counseling, four-year college/university, private practice 

Reviewer: Scott T. Meier, Assistant Professor, SUNY, Buffalo, NY 



Heart-to Heart is an IBM PC program designed to 
improve communication between couples. The core of the 
program is a comprehensive set of 180 to 200 questions 
spanning 12 important areas of relationships, including 
finances, sex, and personality diffeitnces. Both members 
of the relationship complete the questionnaires separately 
and then together they review die feedback provided by 
the program. 

Oxmselors may use assessment devices with couples 
to identify problem areas, to motivate couples to stay in 
counseling, and to check on counseling progress (Boen, 
1988). Many of these instruments are available to 
professional counsekirs in both computer-based and paper 
formats. 

The program's publisher, Interacdve Software, notes 
in its promotional materials that counselors use question- 
naires in their work with couples to identify areas for 
further exploration. According to Interactive soitware, 
Heart-to-Heart's intention is to be the first couple's 
questionnaire "available to the genera! public. Heart-to- 
Heart is the first program of its kind to offer coui^es the 
ability to use iheir personal coniputers to confidentially 
profile and pinpoint problem areas in their relationship." 

Heart-to-Heart begins with a quote of the day (mine 
said Thy tove is better than wine"). Coupes then choose 
which version of the questionnaire they will complete 
based on the category they fit into: unmarried, pre- 
marital, unmarried with children, married without 
children, and married with children. It may take 4S 
minutes per person ior each to complete the 180 to 200 
five-point Likeit scale items. 

The program then generates the Heart-to-Heart 
Talk. The Tedk [msents bodi persons' re^nses to each 
item and suggests that one member of the couple read ttK 
item aloud ^vhile the other listens. After items for each of 
the sections are presented, the program selects open- 
ended questions (iqiparendy on the basis of discrepancies 
between coiq)les' reqxNises; the process is unexplained) to 
stimulate further discussion. Finally, the program 
produces a chart tiiat di^lays which of the 12 aieas each 
person rated at "greatest strengths" and "needs improve- 
ment" This fee<n)ack is qoite extensive: die program's 
documentation indicates Uiat the printout may be 120 
pages in lengdi and may require two hours for the couple 



to discuss. All of this information may be sent to a printer 
or monitor. 

In general, Heart-to-Heart is easy to use and 
understand. The (vogram is well-organized and proceeds 
in a logical, consistrat manner from questionnaire to 
feedback. In addition, Heart-to-Heart sqypears to be the 
I»oduct of professional {HOgranuners: the display screens 
are easy to read, users can end sessions at any time and 
later return, and die error checking procedure works well. 

Hie program does deliver much of what is promised. 
Couples can complete an extensive questionnaire and 
receive feedback. However, problems occur with the 
foundations and assumptions of Heart-to-HearL The 
copy of die program provided for diis review contained 
brkf descriptions of Heart-to-Heart and starting instruc- 
tions, but no manual. While [HOgram operaticHis are self- 
explanatory, litde or no infcmnation is provided about* (a) 
development of the questionnaire; (b) psychometric 
properties, ie., reliabili^ and validity data; (c) underlying 
theoretical bases; (d) procedures for integrating the 
program into counseling practice; or (e) research evalua- 
ting the effectiveness of the program in improving 
communication skills. At present, Heart-to-Heart is a 
commercial program intended for die general public. 

As a result, the usefulness of Heart-to-Heart to 
professional counselors is doubtful. With other well- 
researched questionnaires availaUe, diis program may not 
best serve die needs of counselors. Heart-to-Heart is a 
well-smictured program designed to help couples explore 
important relationship issues, but it lacks basic 
information needed if professionals are going to use it In 
essence, the program says: Do the questionnaire, be open 
and honest, take responsibility for yourself, and you'll 
grow as a couple. Even if couples cou.iSeling could be 
reduced to that formula, it's easier said than done- 
especially when done by computer, widi no counselor to 
facilitate the process. 

Overall, Heart-to-Heart is a well-programmed piece 
of software that is sttaightforward in use and purpose. The 
lack of a strong research and dieoretical basis makes me 
question its use by counselors. At present, Heart-to- 
Heart is just anoUiCi of the many computer-based assess- 
ments and applications in counseling diat lack die support 
of empirical research. 



^ Software for Personal Counseling ^f^o 309 

ERIC 



THE IDEA GENEilATOR 



Publisher: Experience In Software, Inc., 2039 Shattuck Ave., Suite 401, Berkeley, CA 94704 

Author: Program by Jonathan G. R. Llewellyn, Emily Martindale, and Michael Lee; Manual by Roy A. 
Nierenberg, Carol D. Carmick and Zelda Gifford 

Cost: $195.00 ($136.50— for EducaUonal InsUtutions) 

Hardware: IBM PC (or compatible) 

Setting: Junior hi^ school to adult 

Reviewer: J. Scott Hinkle, Professor, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, NC 



The Idea Generator was evaluated on a Sperry PC 
compatible with two disk drives, which is the minimum 
number of drives necessary fcH* operation of the program. 
It requires at least 256K bytes of memory and a printer for 
hard copies. Two o^ies of the program may be made for 
use on the same computer. Defective disks may be 
returned during the first twelve months for a fee of 
$25.00. A hodlne for technical assistance is available, but 
is not toll-free. Accompanying the software is the 
softbound book: The Art of Creative Thinking by Gerard 
I. Nierenberg. The manual is clearly written, easy to 
follow, and consistent with the program. 

This one-hour program was designed to help 
individuals in the field of business, education, and science 
with their problem-solving. No age limits are Usted, but 
individuals under fifteen may have difficulty using the 
program. The Idea Generator is a tool that takes the user 
through a stq)-by-step process of togical problem-sol ing 
and decision-making. 

This self-help software begins with the user listing a 
problem, wcvking through the various techniques in the 
idea generation phase, and finally evaluating the outcome. 

To elabcmoe, the jnoblem statement section requires 
the user to describe the situation and list goals. Next, the 
idea generation screens allow the user to come up with 
ideas which may be cources for solving die problem. 
Useful techniques include similar situations, metaphors, 
and reversal exercise. The metaphor section includes a 
good example of applying metaphors as a specific 
problem-solving strategy. The reversal section asks the 
user to list the exact opposite of the original goals. After 
the several screens of idea generation, the user can come 
up with a new approach to the same situation. Users may 
find the reversal technique one of the most useful sections 
of the program. 

The evaluation section asks the user to weigh the 
potential solutions to the problem, and then select choices 
that seem the most biasible. The user is asked to choose 
an evaluation format that includes "a single, best idea," "a 
few good ideas,*" on ""many ideas." All three sections focus 
on the involvement of others in a decision. The authors 
are sensitive to the fact that most problems involve other 
people, and that others must be considered when looking 



for solutions. Included are exercises focusing on this 
involvement 

Although the Idea Generator is programmed for use 
in untangling complex situations, it has created a few in 
the process. The "idea screen" can be used before the 
problem is stated and clarified. This is too soon for effec- 
tive use of the program and can be confusing for the first 
time user. The format far the inesentatioii of the screens is 
rqpetitive and uninteresting. At times the screens change 
only in pait, making it confusing and frustrating for the 
user. However, this is easy to overcome once the user 
realizes that partial screen changes are occurring. It would 
be better if slight changes or additions in the screens were 
rqxesented by flashing, moving, or highlighting the changes. 

Each time a file for a new problem situation is 
needed, the answer file must be renamed. Although 
cumbersome, it is accomplished easUy. It is not mentioned 
in the regular text of the manual, but in an appendix on 
advise and trouble-shooting. It would be of more use if 
this were in the section on "getting started." 

No software, including The Idea Generator, can do 
all things for all people. However, this software has some 
very nice features. For example, users can use their own 
name and then receive a printout in another name for 
privacy purposes. The program may be easily exited, and 
quickly takes the user back to the place of exitng upon 
return. In addition, the program will ask if any rew ideas 
have come to mind while away and allows for a place to 
store them. New idv^-as can also be adde^ at anytime 
regardless of where the user is in the pr^^cam. 

The Idea Generaio** nioy ..ot be an appropriate 
program for people with poor verbal skills. For those 
individuals with average verbal skills it can be helpful in 
making a diffuse problem more specific and, therefore, 
more manageable. The utility of this program's 
application in counseling lies in its easy operation and its 
ability to assist clients with problem-solving without 
direct counselor contact This allows the counselor more 
time with the client to process the client's decisions and 
focus on other issues. The program can potentially save 
time and money for both clients and those students who 
have good verbal skills* are motivated, and wish to 
engage in computer-assisted problem-solving. 



310 

309 



IF YOU DRINK 



Publisher: Mulli-Heallh Systems, Inc.. 10 Parfield Dr., Willowdale, Ontario, Canada M2J 1B9 

Author: Scou Meier 

Cost: $150.00 

Hardware: IBM PC (5 1/4"); IBM PC (3 1/2"); Apple U series 

Setting: JunicM: high, senior high, adult 

Reviewer: John A. Casey, Assistant Professor, California State University, Long Beach, CA 



If You Drink was evaluated on an Apple He and an 
Apple IIGS using a single S 1/4-inch disk drive. No 
printi ng options are avaiUdble in the program. 

The program is designed to teach basic concq)ts in 
alcohol educatxm to a wide nuige of ages, firom students 
in junior high school up until adult age, although the 
program is btst suited for a scniCH high clientele. The 
menu lists five choices of subprograms. Alcohol Quiz, 
Breath Analyzer, Driving Test* The Party, and Alcohol 
and Drugs. 

Alcohol Quiz contains 48 questkxis on three levels of 
difiiculty and can be played by one to four players or 
teams. Breath Analyzer allows a person to enter their 
body weight, number of drinks, and time taken to 
consume them, yielding a computed blood alcohol 
content Driving Test assesses teen attitudes toward 
drinking and driving, by comparing user responses with a 
normative group of 3,000 high school students in eight 
subscales. Drugs and Afeohol displays interaction effects 
of afcohol with 16 commonly {mscribed medications. The 
Party, perhaps the most intriguing component of the 
programs, is a quasi-interactive computer simulation 
where the user responds to a series of jHompts, is given 
immediate feedback and interpretation, and proceeds 
through three stages: pre-party decisions about drinking, 
party behavic»^, and decisions after the party. Through an 
ingenious branching design, anytime a user's decisions 
lead to a computed Blood Alcohol level in excess of .04, 
new situations that could lead to violence and/or arrest are 
triggered. 

Support materials in addition to the floppy disk 
include a 24-page users* manual in binder format. 

This reviewer was favorably impressed with the 
program. The language is easily understood and factually 
communicated without any "preachiness" or "talking 



down" to the user. In field testing with college freshman 
referred to the university counseling center for alcohol 
problems, the response was positive, as it allow'M the 
students to experience natural consequences for their 
actions. In fact, resistance to "forced counseling" was 
diffused considerably when If You Drink was used quasi- 
independently early in the counseling process. The 
Alcohol Quiz has a timed feature m the top level, adding 
an element of self-challenge and competition to the 
interaction. 

There are several limitations to the program. First, no 
print or save options exist on the App]e version (the IBM 
version was not reviewed). Second, one cannot escape to 
the main menu during portions of either the driving test or 
its interpretation. Third, the dnig/alcohol data base was 
tutorial, not interactive, and was severely limited in scope; 
the inclusion of illegal drugs would be valuable. Fourth, 
the "number of drinks consumed" questions are vaguely 
worded, leaving the definition of "one drink" open to 
broad interpretation. This would jeopardize the validity of 
the true blood alcohol content readings. Lastly, increased 
use of graphics would enhance viewer attentiveness. 

In sum. If You Drink is a well-written program that 
could be an integral component of alcohol education in 
senior high school. Further, junior high and college level 
counselors could benefit from judicious use of the 
software. Substance abusers resistant to traditional 
th ^r^y are likely to be less defensive and perhaps interact 
moiC honestly with this "non-preaching" program. The 
subcategories on the Drug Test Attitudes, such as excuses, 
consequences, and impatience, could provide excellent 
springboards for increased communication in individual 
and group settings. 



Q Software for Personal Counseling 



311 



IMPROVING YOUR SELF CONCEPT 



Publisher: Microcomputer Educational Programs. 157 S. Kalamazoo Mall, Suite 250, Kalamazoo, 
MI49007 

Author: Unavailable 

Cost: Unavailable 

Hardware: Apple 11+ (48K minimum), Apple Ile/IIc, or Apple IIGS, any size video monitor or regular 
television with the impropriate adapter— although color displays are preferable, one disk drive; 
IBM PC, Xi; or AT computer (or compatible) with 256K minimum, CGA or Hercules 
gra{diics card with ^roi»iate monitor, one disk drive 

Setting: City sponsored program for delinquent and potentially delinquent youth 

Reviewer: Mark L. Smith, Counselor, Blue Springs, MO 



Improving Your Self Concept was evaluated on a 
Generic 286 PC with an IBM color monitor, one floppy 
drive and a dot-matrix printer. It is a short program 
designed to "help students with a low self-concept." Its 
intent is to help students in upper elementary school and 
oMer to "see themselves more clearly and to clarify their 
values...," The program allows the suident to address five 
major areas: "Friends, School, I can.... Family, and 
Dreams." 

A "bookmark" allows students to work on the 
IHOgitun, stop, and then return at a later date. When the 
students return, the sections they have completed are 
highlighted allowing them to keep track of their progress. 
This option is very useful in cases where the instructor or 



counselor want to discuss each section with the suidents 
as he/she does it for discussion or if time runs out before 
the student can flnish. The information is saved on the 
disk until the user completes all five sections; and then it 
is automatically erased. The instructor can also erase 
student names manually. 

Improving Your Self Concept is easy to use, 
provides good on screen directions and requires very litde 
instruction from die teacher or counselor. Good use of 
gnQ)hics helps to maintain student interest The program 
allows users to work at their own pace and on areas of 
greatest interest to tiiem. It provides die encouragement 
and skill development needed to build a positive self* 
concq)t by improving self-confidence. 



O 312 

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311 



KID TALK I 



Publisher: Unaweep Software, 397 Ridge C'lcle # 1 , Grand JuncUon, CO 8 1 503 

Author: Mac Griflith and Richard Ross 

Cost: $49.95 

Hardware: Apple n with 64K of memory 

Setting: Elementary and middle school 

Reviewer: Gerald Sallan. School Psychologist, Guthrie Center, lA 



Kid TUk I was evaluated on an ^>ple lie with 64K 
memory. A pm^ter is a desirable option. The program 
comes with a diskeiic and a seven-page operational 
manual. The counselor needs to create a data disk for 
storing student responses. This is required in four of the 
se\ien maiot program options. 

Kid Talk I is a counselor-designed jRogram intended 
to be used by elementary and middle schod counselors as 
an assessing, counseling, and interviewing tool. It is 
especially useful in the early stages of counseling while 
the counselor is establishing a rapped with the student 
This innovative program learns a counselor, a student and 
"Charlie" or "Carly" the computer in a three-way 
interacticm. *The professional sets agenda topics (feelings, 
emotions, div(xce, peer relationships, self-concept) and 
the computer provides the student with an easy and safe 
way to reqx>nd" Emotional and psychological issues can 
be handled objectively and attentively. 

The attention-focusing power of the computer 
maintains the user's interest and additional relevant topics 
can be included in the program. Counsdors have stated 
that Kid Talk I has been "helpful in eliciting responses 
frrii relu^'tant clients in a non-threatening way," as some 
students prefer to answer the computer's questions rather 
than talk directly to a counselor. 

Students in grades one through four seem to be 
interested in using Kid Talk h This program can be used 
independently or in pairs. A unique feature is the ability 
to adjust the reading spetd for clients. Accurate spelling is 
not required 

Kid Talk I boots itself and the Main Menu is self- 
explanatory. The program allov s for automatic data 
stwage at the end of a module or when the "quit" option is 
selected. The program design has a question and answer 
format in three of the five interactive areas. It allows for 
checking correctness ("Is a correction needed? Ye§/No") 
before proceeding to the next screen* Engaging graphics 
maintain interest 

"Beginning Session" requires that the counselor or 
suident type in the student's name and sex. 

"Telling About Yourseir is ^'designed to ease the 
chiM into woridng with the computer keyboard" and asks 
for re^KHises about what makes them "happy, sad, mad, 
or wcmied." Since counselors can add additional topics to 
this section, it can be an excellent vdiicle to explore and 
discuss personal feelings and emotions. This section 



seems to ciq}ture the student's interest, but it moves slowly 
as graphics flash onto the screen and the accompanying 
computer sounds can be distracting. 

"Liking YourselT is "mtended to elicit information 
related to aspects of self-esteem." It is an oppoitunity for 
the counselor to reflect on and encourage student 
strengths as well as discover feared weaknesses. Users 
respond to questions about what makes them sad, happy, 
or mad; what they don't like about themselves; and 
reasons why they are special. 

In "Behaving YourselT users are asked their opinion 
about behavfors that make adults happy or angry and what 
type of q)tional behavk)rs might be more acceptable to 
adults. Students are asked about rewards they would like. 

The "Blackboard" option is an easy to use mini word 
processor for one screen or 20 lines of information with 
approximately 66 characters per line. There is a menu of 
commands that are quite clear. Here the counselor and 
client can write behavioral contracts, homework 
assignments, stcmes, feelings, etc. Once the screen is full, 
users can print it, delete it or save it (Only 1 screen of 
infr^rmation can fit in the "Blackboard's" data storage). 

"System Maintenance" offers the choke of: retrieving 
files and printing them on the screen or paper, creating a 
data diskette; deleting a file; or accessing Kid Talk I 
program information. Technical difficulties were 
experienced with infcnmation retrieval. 

"End Program" boots the user out of Kid Talk L 

This program is NOT ""therapy by computer." It can 
be consklerrd computor-assisted counseling for it helps to 
stimulate the child's interest and possibly extend his/her 
attention span while generating responses on emotional 
and psychotogical issues. 

Students in grades one through four seem to be 
interested in using Kid Talk L Accurate spelling is not 
needed in order to proceed through the various options. 
Upper level students can use Kid-'Hdk without wiKrying 
about being told they have not spelled a word correctly 
and must fix it before going on. 

Overall, Kkl Talk I can be veiy useful in counseling 
dementary and middle school students. This reviewer was 
able to establish a rapport with an elementary student who 
would not talk with him, but who was more than willing 
to "answer" the computer's questions. I feel that Kid 
Talk I's ability to accomplish this task alone warrants its 
inclusion in the "counselor's bag of tricks." 



^ Software for Personal Counseling 

ERIC 



3)2 



313 



LIITLE COMPUTER PEOPI E DISCOVERY KIT 



Publisher: Aclivision Home Computer Software, Box 7287. Mountain View, CA 94039 

Author: David Crane 

Cost:: Unavailable 

Hardware: Apple n series, one disk drive; also available for Commodwe 64/1 28 

Setting: Elementary, middle, high school, home 

Reviewer: Larry O. Ascher, Counselor, McNair Middle School, Cocoa, FL 



Little Computer People Discovery Kit was used on 
Apple He and 11+ with both color and monochrome 
monitor in the outer office of the guidance department at 
McNair Middle School. Many students played the game 
over the past two years while waiting in that area. 

Little Computer People Discovery Kit consists of 
the Modem Computer People magazine featuring the 
story of the discovery of little computer people, a house- 
on-a-disk and a Comp uter O wner's Guide to Care of and 
Communication with LITTLE COMPUTER PEOPLE. 
The Modem Computer People magazine chronicles the 
discovery of the little computer people and reaction 
throughout the United States and describes the house-on- 
a-disk that will allow all computer owners to interact with 
one of the people who lives in their personal computer. 
The Computer Owner's Guide to Care of and 
Communication with LITTLE COMPUTER PEOPLE 
gives specific direction in using house-on-a-disk and 
meeting the needs of and communicating with the little 
computer person who moves into the house. 

After the house-on-a-disk is booted, a three story 
house appears on the screen. Soon the little computer 
person (LCP) moves in with a dog. After the LCP moves 
into the house, he needs help taking care of his needs. The 
manual explains that the LCPs need the computer 
operators help meeting both physical and emotional 
needs. Commands that deliver food, fill the water tarJc, 
ring the alarm clock, leave dog food, place a phone call, 
pet (give positive "physical" contact) or leave a recoid for 
the stereo are defined in the manual. The LCP and his dog 



must have food and water or they will become ill from 
dehydration or hunger. 

LCPs need emotional as well as physical care and can 
become sick if those needs are not met through attention 
and communication. The computer operator can 
communicate with the LCP through the keyboard. The 
LCP will type a letter on the little typewriter in the house, 
and the message appears on the screen. The LCP will 
amuse itself by playing the litde piano in the house. LCPs 
like to play games with the computer opmitor aiil can 
play card war, anagrams and S-card draw poker. 

The materials provided with the Little Con puter 
People Discovery Kit are interesting and easily 
understood. I have found the program to be an enjoyaule 
activity for students while waiting in the guidance office. 
The availability of this program in the guidance office has 
contributed to the inviting atmosphere it is important tr 
maintain. While the notion upon which the progran. is 
based seems light and inconsequential, the significant 
underlying theme in this simulation belies its ^umorous 
iq>pearance. I have found that the use of Justin and the 
house-on-a-disk as a metaphor can help students explore 
and understand their own and other's needs. 

Little Computer People Discovery Kit is marketed 
as a novelty ganie; however, it is a complex simulation 
that can entertain and stimulate introspection. Little 
Computer People Discovery Kit is one of those "neat 
little tools" that counselors can use to touch more than one 
level. I highly recommend this program for just plain fun 
and perhaps more. 



314 



MASTER BUDGET CALCULATOR 



Publisher: Winteigrecn Software, lOIO Sherman Ave., Madison, WI, 53703 

Author: Bruce David Rosove 

Co6t: $98.00 

Hardware: Apple series, IBM PC compatible 

Setting: Grade 11-adult 

Reviewer: Barbara Croft Counselor, Bloom Carroll Local Schools, Carroll, OH 



Miste." Budset Cakulator is an easy to use program 
designed to give the user a clear idea of how he/she 
spends money in relationship to various values. This 
program would be appropriate for most adults and some 
high school students. Tne user must be familiar with the 
value of money. The objectives for this program are tc 
gather information on the uses of money, to show the 
percentage of money spent in relationship to values, and 
to relate monetary amounts to different time periods. 
These objectives are demonstrated in the software by 
three distinct divisions: The Expenses Totaller, The 
Budget Formulator, and the Week/Month/Year 
$ Converter. 

When using the Expenses Totaller section of the 
program, the user is asked to describe his/her expenses in 
twelve separate areas. These expenses may be actual or 
desired (future) expenses such as housing, clodiing, and 
insurance. Questions are asked on various topics 
concerning money and the user responds with a dollar 
amount The responses are then totaled and a summary of 
these expenses i^ displayed. The summary includes a 
viollar amount as well as the percentage of the total for 
ech area. The final analysis gives the user the rate of pay 
nteded per year, month, week, or hour, in order to 
affwVmaintain the expenses listed in the summary. While 
using this program, the user will fmd that there is an 
inconsistency in the function of the error signal. 
Sonr«etimes an "error" will be signaled; other times an 
mor will go undetected The user must pay attention to 
the screen at all times to avoid unneces&ary delay in uiing 
the program. 

When using the Budget Formulator section of the 
pix^gram, the user is askrd to list his/her actual or desired 
expense;. The user is then asked to enter the gross income 
he/she v'ould like to earn tc afford these expenses. The 
program then calculates the monthly and weekly net 
amount needed to maintain this. 

The third section of the program, the Week/Month/ 
Year $ Converter, allows one to view comparisons of 
dollar amounts by wedc, month, and year. 



The program allows the user to print out his/her 
res' ^nses in each section. The user may go back and 
mci e any changes or corrections. When making correc- 
tions, the user must reenter aU previous information even 
if respom. ^ is not changed. 

Included with the software is an easy to run Master 
Budget CalcuLtor that provides an easy way to compare 
actual money spent with desired money spen; and the 
actual percentage of money spent with the desired 
percentage spent It indicates the areas in which the client 
may be spending more money than is necessary. If the 
client is recq>Uve to the cognitive ^roach to handling 
money, this program could be beneficial to him/her. 
Various areas of necessary change in spending patterns 
may be detected using this program. 

Various assumptions are maJe. In the Expense 
Totaller section of the program, for example, it is assumed 
that the client knows the amount of money he/she spends 
in each area. Also, it is assumed that if he/she does not 
know, he/she will make an accurate count of expenses 
using newspaper advertisements to gain tlie knowledge 
necessary for this. Clients may make use of outside 
information to gain knowledge about expenses, but it 
seems highly unlikely that this is an accurate reflection of 
those expenses. 

The Week/Month/Year $ Converter seems an 
unnecessary inclusion in this program. A hand-held 
calculator could provide the same information. It is easy 
to use but adds no new information. 

The relationship between the values of the client, and 
the money spent on those values, is somewhat apparent 
even though the necessity and ability to change those 
values is not addressed in fhis program. Master Budget 
Cakulator could be a valuable introductory tool witii a 
client who recognizes a need for change in his/licr 
financial picture. It may be used with people just entering 
the employment field if they have a realistic view of their 
expenses and salaries at the time they are entering the 
work force. Master Budget Calculator is recommended 
for purchase as an information gathering tool. 



^ Software for Personal Counseling 

ERIC 



314 



315 



MIND OVER MINORS 



Publisher: A^^mrergreen Software, P.O. Box 1229, Madison, WI 5370i 

Author: Dr. James Johnscxi 

Cost: $49.95 

Hardwaiie: / pplt U with 48K or IBM FC with 1 28K 

Setting: Elementary and sec<Midary schools 

Reviewer: Barbara A. Croft, Cwnselor, Bloom Carroll Local Schools, Carroll, OH 



Mind over Minors includes . vo separate editions- 
one for \itents and one for teachers. The parent edition 
was ev^^oated on an ^le lie. The teacher edition was 
evaluated on an IBM PC. 

Mind over Minors is a well-designed, easy-to-use 
computer program tk can assist parents, counselors, and 
teachers in their de. ^ngs with children. Each edition 
includes a manual and two computer diskettes. The main 
tnenu of each program includes instructions, a portion that 
fiSsesses the adult, a portion that assesses the chud, the 
ability to print out the report, and information on exiting 
die program. The instruction oortior of the program states 
the objectives in an easily understood manner. The 
language used in die program itself is non-sexist; the 
language used in the accompanying bodes, however, is 
!K>t The pronoun **he** is used when reforing to achild of 
either sex. In the assessment portion of the program, 
various definitions ar: given for the characteristics that 
the use; is to assess. In die definition portion of die 
Ingram, diere are srveral misspellings. This flaw does 
not interfere widi die actual meaning of die definitions, 
but die user may find die em^ irritating. The reading 
level of die printed program report seems appropriate for 
die target population of adults, but die reading level of die 
book portk)n seems somewhat low and iminteissting. 

Ibchnicall), die parent program on di-) Apple lie is 
easy to understand and to use. The instructluis for starting 
the program are clear and computer novices can ase them 
widi ease. The teacher edition using die IBM PC is not as 
clear and easy to use. The user must know somediing 
more about computers than what die manual provides. In 
both editions, die screen lis^s die names of die students for 
which an assessment has been completed. This screen 
violates die student's confidentiality. 

If die user of Mind over Minors completes the 
instruction portion of die jHogram, he/si>*. ' > ^ ^^v^* all tho 
necessai7 knowledge for its use. This / jr^^ • f tbt 
progpm is diorough and well written. It ^at all 

portions of the child and die adult assessmeiu must be 
completed for an accurate written report The user will 
find that die '*help'* section of die program gives simple 
but clear definitions of die cluii:^teristics being assess 
Ine client is able to complete the two assesicnients at 



his/her own pace and can easily change answers in the 
assessment as he/she progresses. 

Mind over Minors produces a printed or screen 
rix)rt for die client dutt covers die interaction between die 
client and die child being assessed. The repeat is divided 
into several areas that parents and teachers may find 
useful when assessing a child. TV report is easy to under- 
stand and presents feasible solutions for common prob* 
Icms. It supplies the user widi some in-dq)di issuy> widi 
which to assess die child. This report is di" most .aluable 
tool in die program and should be printed out if at all 
possible, alt^'iugh printing is not stressed in die program. 

A book containing infcmnation for managing a child 
is included. This book contains "cookbook** type solutions 
for difficult problems. Its form is too simplistic when 
compared to the sophistication of the program. For 
example, in die teacher's edition of the book, die teacher 
is given die suggestion '*Have Patience" when dealing 
with a child's academic performance. This attitude is con- 
descending to die teacher. 

Aldiough die assessments seem accurate, no validity 
or leliabir.' data is given in the manual or in the 
program items in the assessment . x characteristics 
of the user and child with whom die user is going *o work. 
These items are clearly stated and complete. The 
instruction portion of die program states the potential of 
the progr*r. and stresses the importance of using all items 
as a means of measurement. The rqxvt produ(^ by die 
program indicates to what extent the objectives of the 
program are met 

The report generated by the program. Mind over 
Minors, is a valuable and useful tool. It gives general 
comments about the child and gives specific interventions 
the user can try with die child. The program is an individ- 
ualized approach to enhance child and parent/teacher/ 
counselor inleracaons. 

Mind over Minors can be a valuable counseling 
tool. It is particularly useful to school counselors and to 
parents. T^hers would benefit from diis program when 
needing help widi a particular child. Aldiough die books 
that accompany die program are too simplistic to be of 
much value, die program itself would be a useful addition 
to any counselor's computer program library. 



316 



NON-SEXIST CHOICES 



Publisher: Ttirningpoiiu Software, Box 6404, Monona, WI 537 16-6404 

Author: Bill Buckingham 

Cost: $125.00 

Hardware: Apple lie or lie with 80 colunms (printer and 2nd disk drive optional) or IBM 

Setting: Adi^Hable for multi-age and multiple uses 

Reviewer: Richard Dawley, Counseled, Milwaukee Public Schools, Milwaukee, WI 



Non-Sexist Choices was reviewed on both an Apple 
ne and an Apfit He with color and monochrome screens. 
Using two diisk drives facilitated use of the software. 
Several printers were successfully tried during the review 
process. (Note: Printer option is listed in the activity 
section of Diik #2.) 

This program consists of a handsome, space-saving 
plastic binder* excellent 35-pi^e paperback guide for the 
user, two program disks and 23 humorous graphic 
cartoons suitable for reproduction or tran^Mffrncies. 

Non-Sexist Ciioices cleverly introduces sUidents lo 
"bias-free commumcation skills.** This software provides 
samples of sex-biased words and exercises in rewriting 
widi bias-£ree language. The program includes a pretest to 
see if the user can spot sex-biased l&nguage (15 
senterces), an introduction of 5 lessons (with exercises on 
Disk 2), a thesaurus of 137 non-sexist words, and a 
review. 

A printer is useful for Lesson 5. The commands are 
basic: <RETURN> to go on, <CONTROL> Q for Quit, 
and <CONTROL> B to go Back. Escaping the program is 
limited to certain frames. 

Th /c arc several special operating features which 
make the program easy to use: (1) the use of two disk 
drives (525**), (2) the main mera which compares to a 
Table of Contents, and (3) a review at the end of the 



program which puts it all together** in exercise form. The 
review menu on Disk Two offers a selection of eleven 
main topics previously presented. These are quick 
reviews, not quizzes; each is one complete screen. A 
thesaurus is also on the second disk with insert screens 
giving more detailed examples. Scanning words is done 
with arrow keys. 

Another interesting feature is die interactive typing of 
word choices, salutations, etc. These may also be printed 
with the <CONTROL> P. Your answer is printed with 
other appropriate solutions suggested This is a very non- 
threatening learning experience. The exit screen even 
gives the q)erator a reminder to remove the disks and turn 
oGf the computer. 

There are only two drawbacks observed by this 
reviewer: (1) the 80-column letters are hard to read 
because of size, and (2) there are few options to exit 
without rebooting. 

This unique program is well-designed, easy to use, 
thought-provoking and engaging. The reviewer observed 
one emotionally disturbed exceptional ed i>.ation coun- 
selee in 7th grade accept the challenge s/ith moderate 
enthusiasm and time-on-task behavior. Non-Sexist 
Choices deserves further exploration as a computer- 
assisted cconselirg tool. 



Software for Perscml Counseling 



316 



317 



OVER50 



Publisher: 

Author 

Cost: 

Hardware: 
Setting: 

Reviewer: 



Constructive Leisure. 511 North La Cicnega Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90048 

Patricia B. Edwards 

$75.00 

IBM PC, Apple n computers and compatibles, DEC Rainbow, and Macintosh, a parallel line printer 

Agency/conununiiy counseling, businessTindustry employee, personnel department, counselor 
education placement center, private counseling practice. 

Tcrri Roseri, Counselor, Essex Weight Loss Centers, Livingston. NJ 



OverSO was evaluated on an IBM Clone. 640K. 
Seagate drives-20 megabytes, two flq>py disks and a hard 
drive. A printer and GWBasic software were required fcH* 
the operation of this ixogram. 

OverSO is an interactive program designed to 
evaluate the client's personality and pr ide information 
that will promote self understanding and life/career/ 
leisure planning. 

The program needs four modules: 

1. Needs, Needs are (fefined and explained on the 
screen as well as printed out. The user is then asked to 
rate a list of needs by answering the question "How basic 
is this need to my comf(xt and happiness?" 

2. Values. Values are often described as changing 
with age and with wwld conditions. Different situations 
are described and the client is adced to give each question 
a numerical rating by answering, "How important is it to 
you if,.." 

3. Attitudes. The client is reminded that it is a 
person's attitude that rules behavior. Attitudes are a state 
of feeling and disposition of mind toward some matter, 
fact, or 5«ct The program encourages the client to think 
about ^'^ ''IS statements and give a numerical value to 
the extent agreement on a 0 to 5 scale. 

4. Summary. A nUiUerical score is given based on 
the client's needs, values, and attitudes. An explanation of 
the scores and suggestions for improvement and change 
are given. 

The objectives of this program are clearly stated and 
carefully executed. The OverSO irogram motivates adults 
to evaluate themselves and to define areas of personality 
where change is beneficial. This is accomplished in a 
straightforward, user-firiendly way. 

OverSO is free of technical problems although it 
should be noted that the program will not work unless a 
printer is on-line and powered up. This is not a p«*oblem 
but should not be overlooked. In some cases. GWBasic is 
also needed in addition to the OverSO software. Forty to 
fifty minutes are needed to complete the program. Insmic- 
tions are easy to follow. Sometimes hitting the keys too 
fast causes the cursor to disappear and the program to race 
on the screen. The user soon grasps this and begins to run 
the program at a proper pace. 



Clients can use the program with no pricv training, 
control the pace of the program, and become actively 
involved in scoring and interpreting personal needs, 
values and attitudes. The program is concise, neat and 
free from redundant information. 

OverSO gives feedback after responses to the 
statements are somd and gives input as to how the client 
or counselor might interpret the various scores. The feed- 
back is nonthreatening, helpful and easy to understand. 
The printout is concise with both scenes and explanations 
so that the client may go over it alone or with a counsels. 

The vendor (Hovides excellent siq»p(Kt for the client 
and the counsels. The OverSO manual provides the step- 
by-step instructions on starting the computer program, 
and a detailed operating sequence. The manual also 
provides additional information and exercises designed to 
help one delve deq)er into the prpgram. The materials are 
accurate and easy to understand. The information 
provided on how to use the program both technically and 
theoretically is quite specific. The manual informs the 
user that if all these things do not work, it might be 
necessary to buy additional softwe^^ (including Basic). 
This reviewer misread the start-up instmctions and was 
courteously provided with instructions on program set-up 
over the telephone. 

OverSO can provide the adult population with 
valuable insight. In today's society where people live 
longer, healthier and more productive lives, OverSO 
speaks to a "new generation." This group often seeks 
reevaluation and can benefit by rediscovering their needs, 
values and attitudes. The program increases a sense of 
self-awareness. The concepts in OverSO are relevant and 
applicable to the target audience. At the end of the 
program, the concepts are reviewed and summarized. The 
items in OverSO are explored adequately and are clearly 
stated. 

OverSO is a good program for anyone interested in 
assessing and evaluating needs, attitudes and values. For 
anyone inteicsted in enhancing his/her sense of self- 
awareness OverSO is worth investigating. 



ERIC 



318 



3? 7 



SPECTRUM-I 



Publiisher: MethTech, 1 1 1 North Market St, Champaign, IL 61820 

Authors: Larry A. Braskamp and Martin Maehr 

Ctet: $479.00 

Hardwan: IBM PC or compatible with 256K memory, one tloppy disk drive, and printer 

Setting: Placement center or personnel department 

Reviewer: Matthew E. Lambert, Assistant Professor, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 



Spectnim-I was evaluated on a Zenith model Z-1S9 
computer wid! a Zenith color monitor a^Ml an Epson LX- 
800 printer. 

Spectrum-I is designed to be a decision support 
system to be used in employee selection and career 
planning. It is a multi-function program that directly 
administers, scores, and reports the results of a 77-item 
instrument used for analyzing individual differences in 
motivation, values, and rareer/Iifestyle preferences. 
Spe€trum*I's Data Manageinent sections also enable 
modificaticm of the user interface, passwcHd data security, 
client data management, and development of decision 
models for comparing client profiles to ideal employee 
profiles. A tree-based menu structure is used to traverse 
these program functions. 

The 77-item instrument administered by the 
Spfxtrum-I program is based on research conducted by 
the authors. The Spectrum-I instrument is designed to be 
used as an assessment tool in employee selection and 
screening, and as a career advancement decision siqyport 
AcoMding to the program docunKrntation, the instrument 
can be computer administu«d in a^pioximately 10 to IS 
minuteSv although in actual practice it may take clients S 
to 10 minutes longer. The additional time is due to the 
ambiguous nature of some test items, changes in the re- 
spoasc formats during the administration, and the number 
of keystrokes needed to enter responses. Many of the test 
items can be interpreted with multiple meanings, and at 
times the reqx>nse q[>tions do not fit the items. In addi- 
tion, after i^^proxinuitely IS test items the response format 
changes fr^ alphabetic to numeric input This change 
occurs without any warning or instructions to the client. 
The number of keystrokes required to enter reqx)nses also 
tends to slow down the afiministration process. 

The Spisctruis-J instrument yields fov ^a^es: (1) 
Accomplishment, (2) Recognition, (3) Pov^... nd (4) 
Affiliation, which can all be interjveted with respect to a 
client's suitability for a particular position or career 
advancement. A fifth '*Bias'* scale is also generated 
rq)resenting the client's responses upon compledon of the 
instrument These scales were developed using a factor 
analysis procedure based upon the results of research 
conducted with adult woricers and college students. The 
factor k)adings for the four nuun scales are presented in 
the program manual; however, minimal reliability and no 
validity data are presented. The lack of psychometric data 



for the instrument make using it for screening, selection, 
or career ad\ ancement decisions questionaUe at best 

The issiies of the Spectrum-I instrument's reliability 
and validity are compounded when customized decision 
models are developed fot comparing actual individual 
profiles to ideal profiles (one of the program's main 
features and selling points). The manual states that when 
comparing acmal individual profdes to ideal profiles, a 
linear regression equadon is generated resulting in a 
comparison. However, minimal information is given as to 
how the equation in constructed, or in what order the 
variables were entered into the equation. Furthermore, the 
process of decision model development presented in the 
manual, upon which the linear regression equations are 
based, is ambiguous and confiising. A realistic compari- 
son of ideal and actual irulividual {Hofiles is difficult with 
the above constraints. It is anticipated that a great deal of 
experience with the program is necessary before one can 
effectively use the program to its fullest potential. 

Numerous difficulties were also noted in the pro- 
gram's general data management functions. As an exam- 
ple, data entry error correction is achieved by requiring 
data to be entered as a combination of keystrokes. This 
guards against incorrect data entry by accidental key- 
strokes. This process, however, prevents the changing of 
refuses once they have been verified. One would need 
to delete a data file and tiien rdcey the entire file. In addi- 
tion, data entry cannot be intmupted and restarted without 
reentering aU data. These data entry constraints are found 
in the direct administration, decision model development 
and hand data entry routines. Similar problems were noted 
while traversing the program's menu cations. C(»recting 
erroneous menu selections requires traversing a minimum 
of two additional screens before an escape option is 
available. Finally, the response options available for each 
screen are not always presented on-screen and no on-line 
help is available for assistance, although the manual does 
provide a one page **map** of the available options. 

In summary, the Spectrum-I program offers 
personnel counselors a means to assess prospective and 
current employees' motivation, .^alues, and lifestyle 
preferences, and to provide decision support information 
foi employee selection or career advancement. Problems 
related to the test instrument's psychometric propenies, 
test administration, and tiie program's data management 
cape^h'iities may cause users some difficulties. 



Software for Persmal Counseling 



319 



Metrilkcli responds: 

Samuel E. Kntg, PhJ)., I¥esident of MetriTech, respoi:ds to 
several of the reviewer's oonunents: 

Dr. Lambert describes certain **data entry constnints found 
in the direct administration, decision model development, aiul 
hand data entry routines** that **prevent dianging of responses 
once they have been enteied.** In fact, the direct acimii.'stration 
algorithm we use aDows die examinee to select an answer and, if 
desired, change it as often as he or she wants. However, once the 
examinee verifies a response, thar. answer is recorded and can't 
be changed. Nor can the examinee omit a question, return and 
change an answer once verified, or conq>lete the test at two 
different times (split administration). This algorithm, which is 
only used during direct client admiiiistraiian, is consistent with 
desirable testing practices and thec<<;tically sound For the 
decision model development hand data entry routines, 
which are presumed to be used ay die test administrator or a 
clerical assistant, alternative algjrithnu are used. 

Dr. Lambert notes, wit!i regard to the decision model 
process, fhMt *^ infonnatiai is given, however, as to how the 
equation is constructed." Although the procedure is not 
described in detail page 37 of die manual references the method 
(Tatsudca k CatleU, 1970). 

Regarding problems in **traversing the program's menu 
options,** it isnt realty necessary for die user to '*mainta]n notes 
of die instructions or remember the exact keystn^ necessary 
to access all available optkms.** The manual provides a one^Mge 
**map** of die opdons for usen. 

R^ardmg the **mimmal reliability and no validity dau**: (a) 
scale reliabilities reported for a sanq>le of more dum 1000 adultt 
qualifies u more than minimal and (b) the factor analysis 
certainly qualifies as relevant to dw issue of construct validity. 
Furthermore, die manual references but does not attempt to 
duplicate dw extensive information regarding die development 
and validation of Spectrum found in die Machr and Bra^camp 
book. 

The psychometric and validity information currently 
reported in the mamial is limited. However, as is troe of any new 
mstrument we are only beginning to organize and publish 
studies and dissertations that have been completed widi this new 
instrument Until they are incorporated in die manual, we have 
supplied users with copies of articles and published research 
findings. 

Dr Lambert responds: 

in response to the issues raised by Dr. Krug in his lettci, I 
would like to present the foUowing statements. First, Dr. Knig 
quert km smy assessment of the data entry procedures used in the 
SPECTRUM-I program. While he is quite accurate when he 
indicates Uiat die examinee can **select an answer and, if desired, 
change it u tMoty times as he or she wanu** and diat "once die 
examinee verifies a response, that answer is recorded and can't 
be changed,** it is diis verification process, however, whidi is 
die essence of die dau entry format difficulty. The verification 
procedure does not aUow any way to correct verification errors 
which may occur as a function of keystroke errors or item 
misinterpretation. The only way to correct these errors is by 
readmmistenr^ die test Aldiouj^ Dr. Knig states dut different 
algoriti^ms are used for model devek>pment or hand data entry, 
the same data entry difHculties were experienced in those 
program segments. 

In addition to the dau entry procedures. Dr. Krug also 
exp resse d concern over my comments about traversing 
SPECTRUM-rs menu system. While my comme.iU may have 



been excessively strong, die problems widi die men M*ng system 
should not be glossed over. To my recollection (not having the 
program here to review) traversing the menus, forward or 
backward, was a difficult process involving multiple keystrokes. 
Dr. Krug is accurate when he says diat die manual provides a 
one-page •*mi^** of the user opdons, however, die "map" docs 
not teU users the command or keystrokes involved in traversing 
diose options. >^thout tiiat ^pe of instruction, the user would 
need the he^ I indicated. 

The problems with the various human-computer interfaces 
could be easily remedied by reviewing the relevant human 
factors research. Attendance to human factors issues is 
stipulated in die Guidelines for Computer-Based Tests and 
Interpreutions (APA, 1985). 

Third, Dr. Krug question <dd my statement about die lack of 
information regarding the dc *elopment of the equations used for 
decision modeling. Granted, dw manual references die original 
method for creating die equations, but I would question the 
utility of dua reference for the user who is interpreting model 
results (as was done in die review). The manual fails to provide 
the information necessary for a user to make reasonable and 
qualified judgments, anodier guideline listed in die APA (1985) 
guidelines. 

Fourdu Dr. Krug takes issue with my comments regarding 
the manual's **liinited reliability and no validity data.** Again, die 
maniifii does list die residu of a reliability study widi "1000 
adults** and I did refer to diis in my review. The manual did not, 
however, provide any additional reliability data. Infomution on 
test-retest wouki probably be most useful widi an instrument 
whose purpose is to be used as a career advancement decision 
support tool over time. Die need for reliability information of 
this type is specifically referred to in die Standards for 
Educational and Psychological Teste (APA, 1985). 

M^di respea to the absence of validity daU for die test dus 
is a significant problem. Aldiough die results of the factor 
analysis are presented, diat dau in no way implies die validity of 
die test, especially with respect to its intended use. The absence 
of criterion-related validity information is particularly troubling 
to me since this program is to be used for employment and 
career advancement decisions. Furthermore, die factor analysis 
dau refers to the pq)er-and-pencil version of the test arxl not the 
computer version, llie APA guidelines for computer-based tests 
clearly stipulate that validity studies demonstrating die 
equivalence of pq)er-and-pencil and computer versions should 
be conducted and included in die test manuals. 

I coidd go on to address other issues of reliability and 
validity, but it appears unnecessary in light of my previous 
commenu and recent discussions of con^ter-based testing that 
have appeared in die professional literature. Furdiermore, Dr. 
Krug*s sutemenU that they are just now compiling and 
publishing the residts of research with diis instrument lei^ me 
to diink that die test and diis program were released prenuuurely. 
Additional research is necessary to completely elucidate the 
reliability and validity of this instrument in iu present form 
before iu use can become widespread. 

Finally, I am somewhat concerned dut Dr. Krug may not be 
completely aware of the power of computer-based tests or the 
way in whi^ people actually use computer programs. In msiy 
cases, manuals are oxdy referred to when something doesn't 
work and then the user wants easy to follow instructions for 
fixing the problem. Additionally, expecting end-users to go find 
references that may require significant effort not only to obtain, 
but also to interpret effectively probably is asking a little too 
much. Most end-users do not have the time nor the inclination to 
do diat type of research. 




THE TOOL BOX FOR EMOTIONAL AND SOCIAL GROWTH 



Publisher: Peak Potential, Inc., Box 1461 , Loveland, CO 80S38 

Author: Barbara Benjamin, et al. 

Cost: $950.00 

Hardware: Apple n series 

Setting: K-12 

Reviewer: John A. Casey, Assistant Professor, California State University, Long Beach, CA 



The TdoI Box is a comix^hensive guidance kit that 
includes software as one component mtended to be used 
in conjunction with other portkxis of the Idt. The software 
was tested on standard Apple IL and an Apple IIGS 
computers using a S 1/4-inch disk drive. No print 
functions were available on the program. 

The Tool Box is designed for the professional 
counselor woiking with school-age children and young 
adubs. The goals of the kit are to: (1) he^ children develop 
a cognitive structure within which they can identify 
feelings in themselves and others, recognize and label 
those feelings, and devek>p social skills whkh aUow them 
to express as well as req[xxid weU to their own and other's 
feelings; (2) give chikben the opportunity and encourage- 
ment to practice, apply, and integrate this cognitive 
structure into their Uves; and (3) help the professional 
user and the chikben to monitor and document change. 

There are 11 components that make up The Tool 
Box, including two sets of 10 non-copy-protected floppy 
disks. The two software sets, "Feeling Facts/Feeling 
Fables" and "Ifow Did I Fed?," are intended to compli- 
ment the other nme components: "\^x:abulary Cards," 62 
Feeling Words; "Mad-Sad-Gtod Game," a group inter- 
action board game; "Crazy Cards," a collection of 180 
social skill building activities; "Role Plays," the begin- 
nings of SO dialogues to act out; "Activity Lessons," a 
book of ideas for group and individual leaders; "Goal 
Group," a group structure to devetop, monitCM*, and modify 
chikbcn's goals: "Fast Process," a flexible fonnat fCH* real- 
life problem solving; "Maps," visual representations of 
chiktaen's feeUng word vocabularies; and The Big Bode," 
a structure to motivate individual responsibility for 
growth. 

In the software series "How Did ^ Foel?," two disks 
are intended as introductory for developmentally 
immature users, two "Life in General" disks cover a range 
of situations, and the remaining four focus on specific 
issues such as "Family," "Divorce and Stq>-families." 

The Feeling Facts/Peeling Fables series includes five 
disks in the fonner category and five in the latter. In the 
Feeling Facts sectk)n, children are asked to deductively 
determine what feeling word is being described after 
being given a dcfinitkxi, example, and number of letters. 
Each time an inaccurate guess is made, one letter of the 
word is provided as a clue. In the Feeling «^^ds section, 
five sets of stories are presented: "F . 4 . Puzzles," 
"Kitten Crazes," "Monster Muddles," "D. Dithers," and 



"Robot Riddles." A story is presented, followed by 
questions ^^^at allow the child to supply feelings about the 
story characte rs without forcing the child to expose her or 
his feelmgs. The intensity level of the stories can be 
adjusted according to individual needs. 

In sum. The Tool Box for Emotional and Social 
Growth can be a highly useful set of tools for teaching 
chikben about feelings. It is obvknisly written by people 
who know children, with stories that are of high mterest 
and motivation for children. This reviewer let his 7-year- 
old daughter k)ose with the program and had to forcibly 
pry her loose a half-hour later for another appointment 
The kit would be a valuable addition for preschool 
teachers and elementary school counsetors. 

In addition to the well-written content of the stcmes, 
the activity book Ls a coUectkm of sure-fire hits with chil- 
dren. Further, the cokKful grE4)hics of the cards and board 
game are attractive motivators. Though the authors are 
quick to point out this is not a "diagnostic instrument" and 
it is a "tool, not a reiiiedy,** percqHive counsekm could use 
many of the activities for trust-building m small groups 
and classnxxn guidance programs white observing stud^t 
pefformance as sources of both projective and objective data. 

There are some limitations to the program. First, no 
print capabilities for hard copy and no recordkeeping 
system on the disks to allow for a compilation of 
responses. Exact filing is necessary in order to score 
correcdy m the programs. Use of gnqphics is very limited. 
The 62 feelu^ words identified as most essential to learn 
were apparentiy chosen from a list of 700 on the basis of 
"logic" and were not empirically derived. Indeed, there 
are no validation studies or references to theoretical orien- 
tations provided in the manual documentation. The 
"lathors fail to list their own credentials or background. 
Perhaps in an effort to assure broad marketability, no 
specific grade on age range is mentioned beyond "school- 
age children to young adult." In a serious content over- 
sight, responses to some potentially sensitive areas (e.g., 
improper sexual touching by an uncle) fail to suggest to 
the user the availability of professional assistance by other 
non-family members, such as a school counselor, princi- 
pal or teacher. Howevo*, all disks include a suggestion 
that children talk to an adult about sensitive contents. 

The assets of the program clearly outweigh the limi- 
tations. The Idt contains a wealth of resources and activi- 
ties attractively packaged and developmentally appro- 
priate for K-12 settings under appropriate supervision. 



Software fix Personsl Counseling 321 



UNDERSTAND YOURSELF 



Publisher: 
Cast: 

Hardware: 

Setting: 

Reviewer: 



Dynacwnp. Inc.. P.O. Box 18129. Rochester. NY 14618 
$29.95 

IBM (all models) and compatibles. Apple, Tandy (requires 48K) 
High school, college, agency Gate teens-adults) 

Nina W. Brown, Associate Professor, Old Dominion University, Norfolk. VA 



Understand Yourself was reviewed using die IBM 
PC and IBM PC Compatible. It is a series of assessment 
instruments on the foQowing topics: 

The Asscftive Ibst 
The Conscience Tbst 
The Manipuiative Tbst 
The Personal Equation Tsst 
A Test of Marital Adjustment 
Measurement of Personal Adjustment 
Individual Scale of Values 
Preferred Activities T^t 
A Test of Sexual Attitudes 

Each test is taken and scored separately. The direc- 
tions are presented fn- each test and prompts appear on 
the screen as reminders. Answering requires the 
individual to press a key. Each test can be completed in 5- 
15 minutes depending on the rate of reading. The method 
and fomaL for presenting the tests are simple and easy to 
use by someone unfomiliar with the program. However, 
the documentation provided is scant and the directions for 
starting the program may be difficult for anyone 
imfamiliar with the program. 



The screen is formatted well and the user controls the 
pace. These characteristics would make it easy for an 
unsupervised person to take die tests. 

The computer scofes die test and die results can be 
printed as well as being available on die screen. 

The items on die various tests were derived from Dr. 
Harry Gunn's bode "Tbst Yourself." The tests are quick, 
easy and superficial. No supporting data is given on 
validity, reliability or norms. The scores are given fof 
each test individually and are not summarized or 
compiled, dius. a personality profile is not available. 

This program could be used by counsel(HS to initiate 
discussions on die various topics widi individuals or in 
groups. It has die advantage of providing die individual 
widi some infcmnation about self, although it is only on a 
superficial basis. Many individuals fear or dread tests and 
these could serve to allay some ^ears because die 
administration is under the control of die client. The client 
may dien wish to find out more about him/herself and be 
wilUng to take personality t'.sts that provide more in- 
depdi information. 



ERIC 



^22 



VALUES CLARIFICATION SERIES 



Publisher: The Conovcr Company, Ltd., RO. Box 155. Qmro. WI 54963 

Author: Bonnie Simms 

Cost: $69.95 

Hardware: Apple lie series 

Setting: Middle and high schools 

Reviewer: John W. Bloom, Associate Professor, Nwthem Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 



The Values Clarification Series of the Conover 
Company's Guidance and Counseling Software Series was 
reviewed on an Applt lie and an hnagewriter n printer. It 
nuiyrqxtsentthebestof what can be purchased fw under 
$100, but falls short of being a first class program. The 
user is first struck by the brevity of the maierials used to 
describe the program and iis usage. While the series 
includes six subprograms, all are covered in only nine and 
one half Pipes (tf instructions. 

Because the brochure presents absolutely no 
information pcnauiing to the reliability or validity of any 
of the scales, the user cannot use any of the scales with 
any degree of confidence. Face validity is appartnU but 
no information is presented describing the recommended 
professional settings, the target populations and 
appropriate age/grade levels. It should be noted, however, 
that while the vendor suggested (under separate cover) 
use of this program in middle school and high school 
settings, this author's fifth grade dau^^ter had absolutely 
no trouble using the software or understanding the 
concqMs dealt with therein. 

llie brochure does begin with a note diat all of these 
programs are to be used under the direction of a qualified 
counselor in conjunction with one*on-one or group 
counseling with a client WhiiC such warnings are usually 
welcomed by professional counselors, this author sees 
little psychological harm coming from the use of the 
program by mature teenagers and even selected ine-teens. 
The counsel(M* may, however, serve a valuable role as a 
facilitator of communication between parent and child 
after the various subprograms have been explored 
indq)endeiitly by each. 

The program begins with the clever, animated 
drawing of an open door and an invitation to Tome on in 
and join us." The user then selects one of the six 
sut^grams. The first subprogram is a Student Survey of 
Interests: a test, based on some Holland type con<structs, 
which leads to information about types of careers one 
should consider if one is practical, inquiring, artistic, 
sociaUe, aggressive or traditional. 

Technical errors do exist in the programs. For 
example, it is not possible to escape a subprogram while 



in the midst of it This is particularly a problem in the first 
subprogram which can take more than twenty minutes to 
complete. Rebooting the entire program is always an 
opAon. 

The StiidenC Survey of Interests program ends with 
the admonition to further investigate some of the careers, 
but no mention is made of how one goes about doing that 
This may be the reason the user is encouraged to go 
through die program with a qualified counseled, but even 
qualified counseled appreciate some direction in carrying 
out t!ieir reqxMisibilities. 

Sulqnograms 2 and 3 explore values people possess 
Of strivw for (e.g., wealth, security, health, and joy), and 
words that are characteristic of people (e.g., reliability, 
neatness, honesty and obedience). 

At the end of these subprograms the user decides if 
the results are to be presented on a screen or on a printout 
The printout could be a valuable vehicle for stimulating 
parent/child discussions but reports results only and lacks 
any kind of instruction for the parent 

Part four presents a series of "What Would You Do" 
situations. What would you do if your friend is beating his 
dog with a stick? What would you do if your parent is 
marrying someone you don't like? 

Part five deals ivith twelve values statements in the 
areas of truth and honesty..."I will never cheat" and "I 
believe that everybody who breaks a law should be 
punished," for example. The responses may indicate the 
rigidity of the thinking of the user, but probably little 
more. The user is to indicate the rationale behind the 
response selected (strongly or somewhat agree or 
disagree). 

The final program asks users to identify six to ten 
people and/or ideas which are important parts of thev 
lives. This, tlie most unstructured of the six routines, may 
be the most beneficial. 

Both an eleven and fifteen year old user rated this 
program a "5" on a five point scale on the item "The 
program was interesting" and a "4" on ttie item "I would 
recommend this program to a friend" perhaps indicating a 
serious discrepancy between the 'ivory tower' world of the 
reviewer and 'real world' of the users! 



Software for Persmal Counseling 



323 



YOU AND OTHERS 



Publisher. Conover Cbmpany, Ltd., P.O. Box ISS, Oipio, WI S4963 

Author: Bonnie Sinuns 

Cost: $69.95 

Hardware: Apfllt U series with 48K, S 1/4** fbppy disk drive, and DOS 3.3 

Setting: Middle and high school 

Reviewer: Greg Bums, Counselor, Shadeville Elementary School, Crawfordville, FL 



The Yoa and Others Series program is pan of the 
Guidance tod Counseltaig Software designed to impart 
infcvmation about social ddlls to adolescents. Five types 
of relationships are addressed in which adolescents may 
find diemselves the target of dislike. These relationships 
include the stu4entAeacher» student^irincqNd, classmate/ 
classmate, child/parent, and friend/friend. The areas 
selected are very real areas of concern for many adoles- 
cents; with the help provided by this program some 
anxiety may be alleviated 

Each of the five subroutines consists of 10-12 
multiple-choice questions. Each one presents a brief 
situation ami then lists four possible responses. Three of 
the pop«**HiUties are considered to be maladaptive, and one 
is considered ideal. In the very brief introduction the 
user's name is requested (profane words are not locked 
out). The user then goes through all the questicMis in one 
subroutine. The program accepts only the stated 
possibilities as answers. Then each qucstkx) i& displayed 
again, with the user's reqxxise. If one of the maladsv>tive 
responses was chosen, a sentence fdlows stating That is 
not the best thing to do." Next a short paragraph appears 
explaining the ideal choice. This same procedure occurs 
when the ideal choice is selected. The program does not 
allow for any deviation or early termination. 

There are some color screens, Im they are unrelated 
to the work in the sulHtnitines. Several grqitucs flashed so 
quickly that it was virtually impossible to identify them. 

There are no stated goals for any of the subroutines 
(V for the whole program. Each question seems to stand 
alone, and there is no parent strategy wUhin the 
suhoutine fat choosing the questions. They do relate to 
the title in a general way, but the outcome seems to be the 
learning of the specific answer to each question, rather 
than the learning of a skill. The answers, though 
appropriate, are presented in a moralistic, judgmental 
nuumer. It woukl be analogous to a counselCM* answering u 
client's every question or conunent with advice. 

Although the support material does not specify a 
population, the questions appear to Tocus on upper 



middle, junior high, and high school concerns. The static 
and rq)etitious manner of presentation, however, is likely 
to bore older students; this, along with the moralistic tone 
of the reqxHises may alienate the very groiq) who might 
most bendit from diis program — the rebellious isolates or 
potential student drop-outs. 

A user can work through the subroutines quickly. The 
four offered responses seem too limited. More choices 
and a "none of the above" option would greatly facilitate 
the sense that each user was able to individualize the 
w(Hk. As it exists, some questions would be unrelatable to 
a user because of the limited response options. 

Because the program is intended to be a self-help 
tool, results are availaUe only on the monitor. Thus, there 
is no ability for the counselcM* to keep any records of an 
individual student's woik on this program. It does not 
have printer ccq)abU!ty either, so the user is unable to 
obtain a copy of the advice given. 

The support documentation for the program is 
limited. The questions are not printed anywhere. 
Instructions for starting (even simply "Press Return") are 
not provided. No dieoretical framework for the program is 
offoed There is no folk>w-up offered, nor is information 
provided illustrating how one can generalize the lessons 
to fit other situations. The pronouns are masculine in most 
of the questions. 

The content of the program has face validity and 
relevance. It's just that the manner of presentation is dry 
and disjointed. Having been written in 1984, the level of 
programming is very simplistic and uses very little of the 
computer's potential. For example, there are no choice 
points that branch to separate subroutines, allowing very 
little personalization. 

In conclusion, this program addresses some very 
important concerns of adolescents. Unfortunately, it is 
representative of a very early stage of computer 
programming and is, therefore, quite limited both in 
technical sc^histication and in its theoretical framework 
and (Mganizatioa An updated version that corrects these 
problems would be worth reviewing. 



O 124 



3?3 



Software for 
Career Counseling 



394 



CAREER COUNSELOR 



Publisher: Queue, Inc., 5 Chapel Hill Dr., Fairfield, CT 06432 

Author: Unavailable 

Cost: $59.95 

Hardware: AK>le n, lie, or lie with 48K 

Setting: High school, vocational-technical setting, community college 

Reviewer: Thomas V. Trotter, Assistant Professor, Indiana University at South Bend, IN 



Career Counselor was evaluated on an App'e He 
equipped with dual disk diive (although a single dl^^l 
drive would suffice) and dot matrix pointer. This career 
development program consists of two modules: Search 
for Careers and Career Dictionary. 

Search for Careers uses a constellation of 12 
characteristics and component variables considered to be 
important factors when choosing a career. This i»ogram is 
not identified with any particular theomical orientatioa 
These job characteristics include: interests, 2q>titudes, 
educational level, physical demand, environment, 
variation of tasks, independence, creativity, leadership, 
career categ(^, earnings range* and emptoyment outlo(dc« 

Qients may select any all of these job charac- 
teristics for assessment As each jc^ characteristic and its 
component variables are presented, preferences must be 
indicated Those careers matching die resulting [Hefercnce 
pattern are pulled out of the repository of 501 careers and 
displayed. How preference patterns are related to file 
careers is not specified as documented technical data is 
lacking. This module can be completed in a 50-minute 
class period. 

Through the second module. Career Dictionary, 
clients can access limited descriptive information abouf 
any of the 501 careers held on file. The standardized 
information provided includes: occupational title, a brief 
description, D.O.T. numb^, earning level (range), and 
eniployment outlook. Dictionary serves as a useful 
adjunct to Search in providing an opp(Ktaiity to further 
research careers linked to personal preference patterns. 
Basic background data - date of collection, size of sample, 
representativeness, and so on, is not available. 



The 501 careers and the career categories r^esent 
occupational offerings requiring a high school diploma, 
trade-technical school, and/or community college 
credentials. This prc)gram may have considerably less to 
offer the four-year college, college graduate, or 
imfessional school-bound student Client orientation and 
close monitoring is necessary. Constant referral to the 
HELP screen is essential in understanding the concepts 
introduced with each job characteristic. 

The manual furnished with the software is neither 
sufficiently instructive nor sequential in its presentation of 
information. As indicated above, it was necessary to 
access optional commands in order to clarify presented 
concepts or to comprehend program format 

In the cases of clientele for whom many variables 
(within the job characteristics and component variables) 
are desired, career possibilities will be exhausted very 
early in the program. This reviewer (and adolescent 
assistant) needed to retrace responses and had to 
compromise earlier preferences in order for even one 
career opportunity to be found. 

The printed report lists the 12 characteristics and 
response patterns for each. These posted response pattmis 
are not easily interfveted, as they lack column headings or 
other identifying information. Carreer possibilities appear 
at the bottom of the report 

In an overall perspective. Career Counselor provides 
a brief entree into career development for the less 
demanding client who values fewer coie characteristics. 
This program does not, however, stand alone as a 
guidance tool and its use should be coupled with frequent 
counselor intervention in order U) maximize benefit 



Q Software for Career Counseling 

ERIC 



325 



CAREER DECISION-MAKING SYSTEM 



Publisher: American Guidance Service, Publisher's Building, Circle Pines, MN SS014 

Author: Thomas F. Hanrington and Arthur 1 0*Shea 

Cost: $165.00 for package (program disk; two data disks, and SO interpretive folders), backup copy of 
program is $15.00, additicmal data disk is $49.00 

Hardware: TRS-50, models m and IV; AK)le n+. He, He, DOS 3.3, 48K minimum 

Settfaig: High schools, ccmununity colleges, litn-aries or career counseling centers 

Reviews*; Dcxudd 'nKMq)S(m, Professor, The University of Cwmecticut, Storrs, CT 



The Career Decision-Making System, CDM, is 
intended as a toed to assist individuate in expkiring career 
(q>tions. Individuals match expressed career interests and 
self-assessment of abilities to career opportunities. It is 
most useful for high schod or community college students 
who have not spent a great deal of time analyzing their 
interests and career plans. The program requires users to 
indicate their interests, abilities* job values, and future 
plans. The program then analyzes the choices and 
produces a report of the results in one of thiee formats* 
including a one-page profile summary* a three- or four- 
page tepon (including some analysis of the resiilts), or a 
comprehensive inteiiHetive report sgrproximately eight to 
twelve pages that explcxes career clusters in great detail. 
The comprehensive report includes job lists with 
information on duties* requirements, and employment 
demands fcM-ecasted until 1995. 

The program* including time spent on printing the 
report* requires 25 to 45 minutes to complete. Minimal 
computer skills are required to take the CDM. The 
directions are included in the documentation, hi fact* there 
is little else in the documentation. Most of the programs' 
description and instructions are presented on screen as a 
part of the test-taking sequence. The jrogram format is 
clear and easy to follow. 

No supplemental materials or recommendations for 
foilow-t9 activities accompany the program. The manual 
suggests seeing a counselor if questions arise concerning 
the results. The program refers the user lo related resource 
materials such as the Occupational Outlook Handbook for 
additional information. The Guide for Occupational 
Exploration is available at extra cost and is excellent for 
foUow-iq) occupational exploration. 

The CDM has existed in paper and pencil form for 
more than 10 years. It has received generally favorable 
reviews as a self-scored interest inventory that provides 
extensive and timely occupational infcnmation. It would 
appear that the CDM has garnered a loyal following 
among career counselors and has enjoyed signiHcant 
p(q)ularity in the interest testing arena. However, some 
expMs have raised questions about the validity and other 
psychometric prq)ertie$ of the measure. Career counselors 
shoukl familiarize themselves with the information on this 



topic before assuming that the CDM is the definitive tool 
for assessing a clients' vocational interests. For compre- 
hensive reviews on the empirical qualities of the paper and 
pencil version of the CDM, refer to the 8th/9th Mental 
Measurements Yearbook, and A Counselor's Guide to 
Vocational Guidance Instruments. 

The high school (N=39) and college students (N=8) 
who used this {HOgram were quite enthusiastic about the 
CDM. They were impressed with the ease of the program 
the on-the-spot* feedback and the personalized,Ci.mpre- 
hensive report. A major factor contributing to user 
satisfaction was the test-taking process* which requires 
self-assessment and the development of an interest* value, 
and ability profile. And, equally important, users thought 
the information provided represented an accurate portrayal 
of their interests and career aspirations. One minor 
limitation is that the occupational information presented in 
the comprehensive report is for the national labor market. 
Local, state* or regional projections are not provided. 

Once users begin the CDM* he/she must continue 
until completion. A user cannot stop the administration 
and return later. This can present a problem in school 
situations unless counselors are careful in scheduling to 
insure that students have ample time to complete the 
CDM. Some students complained that the program was 
too long and several felt that the comprehensive report 
provided too much information. 

For beginning a career search, the CDM can be a 
very useful career planning tool. The computerized 
version operates smoothly and is generally good 
presentation. The program provides extensive career 
planning information which can be very useful to a 
student. The program has performed flawlessly through 
many trials. Currently, CDM only supports the TRS-80 
and Apple n. The publisher has been promising an IBM 
(MS-DOS) compatible version for at least two years but it 
has yet to appear. However, if yot^ have used and like the 
results of the paper and pencil version of the CDM, you 
will be impressed with the ease of use and the excellent 
reports gep.erated by the computerized version. These 
factors combined with the relatively low cost make the 
microcomputer version of the CDM a good buy 



ERIC 



^28 



CAREER DIRECTIONS 



Publisher: Jefferscm Software/Cambridge Career Products, One Players Club Dr., Charleston, WV 253 1 1 

Author: Julie Margolis 

Cdst: $89.00 

Hardware: Apjrfe n series, 48K; IBM PC, XT, AT or compatible with 64K 

Setting: Designed for the young adult, but may be used with younger students with a counselor 

Reviewer: Robert F. Bronk, Counselor, Louis M. Klein Middle School, Harrison, NY 



Career Directions was evaluated on an Apple lie 
With 64K with a jninter. 

This reviewer uses Career Directions in his 
counseling office with his seventh grade students. 
Although this may not have been the author's intent, the 
quality and flexibility of the program has not only 
allowed the icviewer to adiqH it to fit his needs, but has 
done so with great success. 

Unfortunately, Career Directions does not have 
versions for different age levels. This very fine program 
could be outstanding with an '*age iq^mqiriate'* version. A 
high school planning segment could be created to be 
linked with an age appropriate version to aid in the 
assessment process. 

Unfortunately* this program has not been revised 
since 1982. An update, in addition to the develqmient of 
multiple versions, could increase patronage. 

Career Dbtctioiis involves the student in the process 
of mJung good career choices. The program considers 
that individuate must determine their life interests and 
goals, discover what career oppcMtunities are available, 
and realize the importance of self motivation in obtaining 
goals. 

The reviewer used the program with great success in 
a classroom setting. The reviewer had certain expectations 
with regards to careers and goals, all of which were met 
by diis program: first, to make students think about their 
future; second, to teach the process of information 
retrieval finom a data base; third, to teach decision making 
skills; fourth, to relate grade seven to future stages in life. 

Career Dfarections has program and data disks. A 
printer is preferred because print-outs are one of the 
things students like most about the session. Career 
Directions is a user friendly, interactive program that 



allows the iser to have a high level of personal involve- 
ment in the assessment process. 

Career Directions is designed to involve the student 
in learning how to make good life decisions. This 
program is not designed for laboratory or group use. 
Career Directions is administered most effectively by a 
counselor. In computer assisted counseling the counselor's 
role is to clarify questions and enhance the understanding 
of the student. Career Directions facilitates this 
exploration process. 

After completing the assessment, the computer 
produces an analysis of all entered information. This 
analysis lists the student's responses and then sillies the 
suident with names of colleges that reflect the expr^sed 
interests. 

The occupations are grouped by educational 
requirements. The exploration menu allows one to 
retrieve information from an extensive data base (500 
careers). Students are given a copy of the print-out The 
original is placed into the student's folder as a part of the 
permanent record. This assessment satisfies both the state 
and federal requirements for vocational assessments for 
special education students. 

Career Directions is of high quality both in uosign 
and function. It is a fine program in both concept and ease 
of use. The process of analysis takes about five minutes. 

Even though the programs' language is not entirely 
^ropriate for my students, it is the heart of our career 
guidance program. Career Directions has filled a void in 
meeting the needs of this reviewer's students. If properly 
revised, and with additional versions for a variety of ages, 
this program could be outstanding. At present, I rate it as 
very good. 



Software for Career Counseling 



3P7 



329 



CAREER EXPLORATION SERIES 



Publisher: 

Authors: 

Cost: 

Hardware: 

Settings: 

Reviewer: 



CFKR Career Materials, Inc., P.O. Box 437, Meadow Vista, CA 95722 
Arthur Cutler, Francis Fterry, Robert F.au'\ and Robert Rabinett 

Series price $249.95 or six individuca disks for 49.95 each; booklets aad folders for 35 
students/clients are $45.95 for each of the su vocational aieas 

IBM conq)atible, Apple, TRS-80, and Commodc^e with a minimum of 48K memory using any 
monitor (M* printer type 

Agency/community counseling, business/industry enfq)loyee-pers(mnel department, community 
college, counselor education, placement center, library, and imvate counseling practice 

Gary M, Cusick, Program Assijtant, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 



An IBM Personal System/2 model 30 and a leading 
Edge Model D were used to preview the programs using a 
single 5 1/4** disk drive. 

The Career Exploration Series is an assessment 
devk:e that attempts to match occupational injterest with 
job titles. 

Users are asked to evaluate woricing condidons, types 
of educational demands and to decide to which of the 
three they are most oriented; data, people ox things. Six 
disks are included: Agriculture (AG-D), Business 
(BIZ*0), Consnmier Economics and Related Occtqiations 
(CER-0), Design, An & Communications Occupations, 
(DAC*0), Industrial Occupations (IND-O), and Scientific, 
Mathematical and Health Occupations (SQ-O). Each disk 
takes five minutes to complete.. 

The Career ExploratioL Series is presented simply 
and cleariy. Future versions should easily correct a few 
minor problems. For instance, inadmissible responses are 
greeted by a knigish beq), and several screens blink past 
too quickly to be read. 

The program rapidly matches interests with job title. 
At the piognuns completion, users are provided with ten 
of the t)est matching titles and several rebited job titles. 

Career ExpkNration Series contain COMMAND.COM 
and AUTOEXEC.BAT files to make each assessment self- 
booting. However, the C0MMAND.COM file may not be 
compatible with all IBM compatible computers. The 
Leading Edge computer was unable to run any of these 
disks due to this incompatibility. 

The self-paced programs have response choices and 
definitions for each screen. Users cannot exit the program 
or change answers until completing the program. 

Users can see their results on die screen and or make 
a jnintout. Users receive additional infcMrmaticMi such as 
salary range, job outkxA, the type and number of years of 
training required, job definition, a list of related jobs, and 
the address of a professional organization for additional 
information. 

If user responses do not significantly match the jobs 
in a particular occupational area, they are given an 



opportunity to try again or to exit the program. Responses 
ot results cannot be saved to disk fcx later use. 

The Carec Exploration Series provides clear 
objectives, theoretical basis, user suggestions, and step by 
step directions in a well written us^s manual. I sent a 
letter to the vendor requesting help with a technical 
proUem. My letter was prompdy answered by phone and 
a replacement disk was delivered to me by a national 
carrier. 

Content of the Career Exploration Series is 
applicable to the publisher's stated target populations. 
P^sons with little work experience, low carrer maturity, 
or those wishing to change occupations, will find the 
Career Exploration Series of value. Professionals and 
workers with years of experience may find the Career 
ExpkNration Series to be superficial. 

Reliability and validity of the paper and pencil 
instruments upon which the Career Information Series is 
based are mentioned in the user's guide, but no figures are 
given. 

Jobs selected for use in the Career Exploration 
Series are selected on the basis of their occunrence in the 
population. The user's manual states that occqntions used 
by this series comprise 90 percent of the nation's 
occupational titles. According to the user's manual, the 
data files are updated every two years. 

The Career Exploration Series assumes that the 
user's occupational interest area is known. Job-0, another 
CFKR program intended to precede to the Career 
Exploration Series, assists the user in choosing a broad 
occupational area. The user may gain useful information 
regarding occupations he she may not have previously 
considered. 

The Career Exploration Series allows the user to 
quickly explore his or her vocational interests in a non- 
threatening way. Users who are overwhelmed by Uie 
complexity of the worid <rf work should f nd the Career 
Exptoration Series a friendly place to start 



330 



CAREER FINDER 



Publisher: Wintergrecn Sutware, P.O. Box 1229, Madison, WI 53701-1229 

Authors: Marilyn Maze and Patricia Waldren 

Cost: $ 1 89.00 (updates at CHie-half current price) 

Hftrdware: IBM PC or compatible or Ai^le n 

Setting: Agency, ccHnmunity college, junior high school, high school, private practice 

Reviewer: Diane L Kjos, Professor, Governors State University, University Park, IL 



Career Finder was evaluated on an IBM XT and a 
ATftT 6300. At fir^t glance, it lodes much like a number 
of occupational sc^h and information systems. The 
unique characteristics that set it off from other packages 
include the nature of questions used and the care taken to 
make it ea;>ily readable and understandable without 
talking down to the more 9(q)histicatBd user. 

Career Finder is designed to meet the cbieer 
information needs of people with low career maturity and 
low reading skills, giving them the q>portunity to learn 
about occupations and how their interests and values 
relate to them. It consists of 18 questions related to key 
occiqntional interests and values. Ihe reqxMises to these 
questkMis f<Nin the parameters for a search of 430 entry- 
level, mainstream occupations from which a minimiun of 
20 are selected which best Gt the stated preferences (tf the 
u a. 

The instrument used to develop the list of occupa- 
tions consists of a group of lO questions related to 
specific occupational demands or characteristics and 8 
questions related to wort: setting and personal attributes oi 
values, such as style of dress preferred and work 
commitment or drive. I'he accompanying Ci selor's 
Manual gives a detailed description of each item. 
Although limited references for occupational charac- 
teristics are given* attributes appear to be accurately 
coded for the occupations. 

After completing the instnment, the user can request 
information about how well their answer^ fit a particular 
occupation. Fit is given for each iten. in terms of "vts," 
"no," and "almost.** Because the scale for each : n Is 
limited to three cm* four points, the counselor will want to 
note particularly the items where an "almost" occurs. For 
example, what are the implications of a high intaest in 
using numbers for an occupation that requires a medium 
interest in that area? 

The occupational information files give a brief 
description of each occupation, training required, entry 



level, wage, and estimated time it would take to fmd work 
in that occupation. Because the files an* based on national 
data, the counselor will want to note regional differences 
for specific occupations. A list of rtadily available 
references is given for each occupation. 

Career Finder is based on a premise that continuous 
scores can be derived from nominal data. Thus, while 
there is value in providing the user with a list of at least 
20 occupations that appear to be the most promising, the 
Counselor's Manual reminds us that the results should not 
be taken literally. 

The value of th<: systein as a provider of occupational 
information w^'dd be improved by allowing the user to 
move directly to the information files from sji opening or 
menu screen. As the program is now structured, the user 
must go to the first question and then type HELP to aaess 
the iriormadon files. The resulting HELP screen, itself, 
could be imiHOved, as tlie directions are not entirely clear 
and flitting RETURN puts the user in an even more 
confusing positici. 

The Counselor's Manual is well written and easy to 
follow. It could be improved by clearer definitions of 
goals and target populations. A helpful description of the 
Standard Occupational Classification system and user 
materials on easy to d'jplicate forms enhances the 
usal ility of the document One ''.rror was noted in both 
this document and the printout provided the user. In both 
cases, it is stated that the "20 occupations" with the 
highest scores are listed. This should more accurately read 
"at least 20 occupations.** 

Career Finder is ba';ed oik a clear, well structured 
logic and effectively gives the user an opportunity to leam 
about occupations and how their interests and values 
relate to them. This software is easy to use by almost 
anyone and well worth the cost of purchase. The charge 
for updates may appear high, but if content as well as 
design is updated, they too should be worth the price. 



^ ^ rftware for Career Counseling 
hHJC 



331 



CAREER PASSPORT 



Publbher: 
Author: 

Cost: 

Hardware: 

Setting: 

Reviewer: 



Career Pjssport Associates, 1151 Nimiu Lane, Foster City, CA Q4404 

Career Passpon Associates 

$395.00 

Apple He, He, IIGS and compatible computers with 64K and two disk drives, monitor and printer; 
can also be installed on a hard disk or RAM expansion cards 

High schml or ccxnmunity agency— gifted -special education, dropout recovery, vocational 
educ» "^a ^ general academic students 

W. Ridgely Haines, Jr., Director and Consultant, Center for Educational and Career Advancement, 
Clark's Summit, PA 



Career Plusport was evaluated on an ^>ple Uc with 
128K and an Apple bn '^ter printer. It is a computer- 
based process that cai« used as both a counseling/ 
vdvising tool and as a resume uxA. 

Career Passport is recommended as a culminating 
activity to a career education program. This program 
covers three areas: self assessment and awareness, 
knowledge of the world of woric, and knowledge of 
various careers. The authors recommend that students 
produce their first Career Passport in the tenth ^rade, 
revise them each year as dieir "job readiness** improves. 

Students begin the process by completing a 
**Computer Input Fbrm.** This fcmn includes secticms in 
identification information, short and long range 
objectives, educational plans, education training, job 
skills, paid job experience, voluntary job f\perience, 
family responsibilities, and specific strengths and 
abilities. This document, along with reference forms, are 
the basis for the student's Career Passport, and once 
completed, are given to a **computer operates" for input 
into the computer. Two versions of a student's Passport 
can be printed: one that contains all the information fircmi 
the computer input form and a shcm form that does iiot 
not include educational plans, job skills, personal 
strengths and abilities, and references. The type of 
Passport to be utite^d depends on its intended use. 

The instructor/counselor manual included with the 
software contains extensive and clearly written details on 
the following: goals, objectives, implementation strate- 
gies, and outcomes, student preparation, instructions for 
completing a "computer input packet,** computer operator 



instructions, and uses for the Career Passport. Also 
included are sample forms and passports as weU as 
masters for reproducing the necessary forms and 
information sheets. 

There is very little to criticize in Career Passpwt. 
Instnictions for each stq> in die process are concise yet 
comprehensive. Software usage is relatively easy once the 
q)erating procedures and editing functions are learned. 
Each screen is clearly formatted widi consistent response 
format The data file management capabilities and the 
ability to batch process student Career Passports and 
mailing labels are particularly useful features. 

One minor drawback to the program is the text 
editing feature. It took die reviewer time to adjust to die 
function. This feature has been improved upon in the most 
recent revision, according to die publisher. 

This evaluates had two high school sophomores, two 
juniors, and one senior go through die Career Passport 
process. Completion of the computer input form, 
inputting the information into the computer, and 
generation of each individual student's passport were done 
in a single session, took about one hour and fifteen 
minutes. All gave the program a high rating. 

Career Passport, dien, is a well>designed program 
that aciTieves its intended objectives. It was developed 
with ihe assistance of employers in California's Silicon 
Valley, and die result is a high-quality and beneficial 
program. It is an excellent capstone to a comprehensive 
high school career education program, and purchase is 
highly recommended. 



ERIC 



332 



li 



Or 



1 



CAREER PLANNING SYSTEM 



Publisher: The Conovcr Company, Ltd., RO Box 1 55, Omro, WI 54963 

Author: National Center for Research in Vocational Education 

Cost: $1495.00 (free bi-annual updates) 

Hardware: Apple He or He, 48K, two disk drives, Epson LX-80 printer, joysticks, color mcmitor desirable, but 
clonal 

Setting: Middle school, high school, agency 

Reviewer: Richard Dawley, Counselor, Milwaukee Public Schools, Milwaukee, WI 



The Career Planntaig System (CPS) is packaged in 
a three ring binder notebook/folder with plastic sheets 
with sk>ts for 27 fkippy disks; twenty, double-sided, are 
used in the program. Also, included are an instructor's 
manual, student guide, and an abbreviated two-page, 
l a min ate d sumnuvy of the start-up procedures. CPS was 
field tested and developed by the National Center for 
Research in Vocational Education at Ohio State 
University using special needs students with mild 
n^taidaticMi, learning disabilities and behavioral handicaps 
capable of reading at the 3 .5 grade level. 

There arc two ways to use CPS. The first is the 
"Direct Entry Access." In this mode, no student records 
are retained on the disk, and students merely view disks 
continuing career clusters. The second mode uses the 
"Full Management System." It retains student records 
using a discreet CPS Code Number. It can create rosters 
and perform other data base sorts. Management Options 
also include "Interest i ^ Results," "Student Progress 
Information," "Reaction Form Data," "Delete Student 
From Roster," and "Interest Area Change." 

An additional (q>tion is "Using Educational Plan." 
This feature allows students to obtain quick printouts of 
high school courses that relate to each "Worker Trait 
Group," (X the student's interest sort results. A customized 
feature for origimd purchases allows specific, local course 
titles to be inserted on the disk. Printouts also contain 



questions and further work for the students and counselor 
to pursue. 

The "Full Management System" requires a student 
data disk which can hold up to 15 students' data. Once the 
data disk is ready, the student proceeds *o read the 
introduction screens, and answers questions in the 
"Interest Sort Results." After this is completed h^she can 
begin viewing the "Interest Areas" of any of the 40 disks 
containing interest area activities. The areas are classified 
as advising, arranging, building and naking, doing 
clerical work, helping, maintaining and iv|>airing, thinking 
in pictures, using environmental information, working 
with equipment, and working with numbers and symbols. 
Students may reenter data in subsequent sessions. 

This reviewer, a novice computer user, had some 
difficulty understanding the organization and management 
of the system. However, after several houis of 
experimenting and observing 7th and 8th grade students 
using the system, it became comprehensible. Some 
counselors may find the mechanics of creating student 
data disks time consuming. 

Student evaluations were mixed. Two high achieving 
7th giade students, a boy and girl, did not find the 
activities very interesting or helpful. However, this 
program captivated an 8th grade girl. No exceptional 
education students w^ enrolled in the reviewer's school 
to serve as evaluators. 



c 



iftwaie for Career Counseling 



331 



333 



CAREER SCAN IV 



Publisher: National Sducaiicm Software Services, 1 879 Locust Drive. Verona. WI 53593 

Author: Unavailable 

Cost: $169.00 original purchase price, update program purchase $84.50 

Hardware: AH)le . He. HGS. and Apple compatible; TRS-80 Models m. IV; Commodore; IBM PC. XT. 
and most IBM compatibles 

Setting: Midlle school, high school, college, and community agencies 

Reviewer: Jane Arnold Spanel. Career Counselor. University of North Carolina. Chapel Hill. NC 



Career Scan IV was evaluated on an IBM PC XT 
with a 10MB hard disk. It is a career search and 
exploration program that is divided into six segments: 

The Introductory Segment provides copyright 
information and introduces the program to the user. 

The Question Segment presents questions to tlie user 
that he/she must answer before the occupational search can 
be performed. 

The Rating Segmeru asks the user to rate the 
importance of previous rc^qponses. 

The Group Search Segment displays an assortment of 
occupational groups that are the most likely to contain 
occupations matching the user's reqxxises. 

The Occupational Search Segment presents occupa- 
tional titles and brief descriptions on the screen in 
acoKdance to the users reqxMises. 

In the Closing Segment users can obtain printouts of 
their w(xk and have an opp(xiunity to change esponses. 
OccupaticHud titles wiih accompanying codes derived from 
the Standard Occupational Classification system (SOQ <vr. 
provided as is a bibliography for each occupation listed. 
The user is provided a very tuief listing of contact people. 

The Career Scan IV manual is easy to understand 
with clear and precise start-un directions and descriptive 



material pertaining to the content and development of the 
program. Although the manual lists the 20 occupational 
groups and indicates the number of job titles within each 
category, no listing of these titles is provided. The 
inclusion of such data would be an asset to both counselor 
and client Clients with at least a suth grade reading level 
can handle the vocabulary, sentence structure, descriptive 
material, and instrucuons. The program's simplicity, 
repetitiveness of on-screen information, and paucity of 
hard-copy, may make Career Scan IV unappealing to 
more sophisticated clients. For students with a high level 
of intellectual curiosity the terse and mechanical dau 
presentation may raise additional questions rather than 
answer them. This may also create boredom afier using the 
system lor a short period of time. 

Career ^can IV is a software program for school 
coui?sel(^» community college counselors, and community 
agericy personnel with limited budgets who desire "user 
frienlly" software that can be purchased outkight and 
copied for same-site usage. It also provides inexpensive 
annual updates, and draws upon a very extensive 
occupational title database. 



Q -^34 

ERLC 



'^2 



CAREERSEARCH 



Publisher: The Guidance Shoppe, 2909 Brandemere Dr., Tallahassee, FL 3231 2 

Author: Unavailable 

Cost: $95.00 

Hardware: AK)le n. He, He, 64K, one drive, printer reconmended 

Setting: Middle school 

Reviewer: Colin W. Kahl, Counselor, Liverpool High School, Liverpool, NY 



CareerSearch was evaluated on an Apple lie. Only 
one drive is required for the two-sided program disk and 
single-sided occiq)ation disk; directions for changing disks 
are simple and clearly stated. The program, targeted for a 
middle school population, introduces young people to the 
concepts and process of career exidoration. 

The program is introduced by several screens 
discussing the world of work, jobs, and the factors 
involved in career choices. The user is then informed that 
CareerSearch will focus only on interests and their 
relationship to career choice with a reminder, however, to 
keep in nnind that abilities and values are the necessary 
components in such a choice. 

CareerSearch presents the user with a series of 
questions relating to interests. The questions, however, are 
only presented a few at a time after the user has found a 
"key" hidden in a maze. Altogether, nine "keys" are hidden 
in the maze. This maze is presented either in three- 
dimension or as an overview of the entire maze. Yp*mg 
people may find the search through the maze intriguing at 
first, but the three-dimensional view in particular may 
become tiresome because the program must redraw the 
screen after each move. The moves are generated by 
pressing the "F, "B", and left or right anow keys. The 
entire maze approach c. be eliminated by pressing the 
"ESC" key while the program boots. The program will, in 
that case, simply present the series of questions to the user 
and appreciably siiorten the completion time. Counselors 
would well-advised to read the smdl manual that comes 
with CareerSearch and decide wlicther the maze option is 
necessary or useful as a motivates for student-users. 

The user responds to thirty interest-related questions. 
Examples of the questions are "Do you like leading other 
people?" and "Do you like planning projects or activities?" 
The yes/no responses to these questions generate a list of 
jobs and job clusters appropriate to the interests expressed. 
The jobs are presented in three groups accon'ang to the 
level of education required. This presentation is nicely 
preceded by a pie chart graphically illustrating the 
percentage of jobs that fall into each educational level. 
CareerSearch lists the top ten jobs in each group — high 



school, vocational-technical or two-year college, and four- 
year college and beyond — and ranks them by a percentage 
of compatibility (i.e., those that match most closely with 
the user's caressed interests). Each : is followed by a 
bar gnq)h to reinforce visually the i^iationship of the ten 
jobs. Finally, CareerSearch presents the top fifteen jobs 
determined by percentage of compatibility from all three 
groups. 

After a brief but helpful discussion of career clusters, 
the program presents a concise description of tl^ \ top three 
clusters determined by the user's earlier responses. Further 
activities are then suggested, including "Visit your school 
or public library," "Tdk to your counselor," and "Talk to 
people working in the jobs you are exploring." 

Finally, the us^ is given the option of going back to 
review his/her results, changing his/her responses to 
questions, or getting more information by using the 
occupations disk for short descriptions of one or all the 
occupations identified by the search. A final option enables 
the user to print all the data found in the search as well as 
the thirty original in:ea:est-related questions and the user's 
yes or no response. 

CareerSearch, property used, is a helpful tool in 
inuroducing career exploration concepts to the targeted 
middle school population. As in most computer programs 
designed to enhance and further the process of career 
exploration, the counselor (or other supervising 
professional) must first familiarize himself/herself 
thoroughly with the capabilities and limitations of the 
program. After doing this he/she better able to help the 
student-user understand the implications and value of the 
program's results. In the ca^e of CareerSearch, for 
example, users should be strongly reminded that only the 
interest variable is being used to identify appropriate 
careers. 

With or without the use of the maze as a possible 
interest-getter or motivator, ^ ireerSearcFi is a worthwhile 
introduction to the process of exploring and identifying 
potential careers. Its language, presentation of concepts, 
ease, and judicious use of grs^hics make it well-suited to 
the middle school student. 



Software for Career Counseling 



335 



CHOICES JR. 



Publisher: CSG Caieerware, 955 Green Valley Cresent. Ottawa. Ontario. Canada K2C 3V4 
Author: Phillip S. Jarvis 

Cost: $395.00 (one time payment, peipetual license) 

Hardware: Apple n+ or He with two 5 1/4" disk drives, video display (monochrome), printer optional; IBM 
PC or fully compatible* one 5 1/4" or 3 1/2" disk drive, video display (color/graphics card 
required), ptinvsi optional 

Setting: Elementary and middle schocdt counselor education, library, computer labs, counseling centers 
Reviewrr: Xuto CeUds, Career Specialist, Pinckney High School. Pinckney. MI 



This software was evaluated on an Apple He 
compul^ with a dual floppy disk drive. 

Chokes Jn is designed as a career exploration tool 
for students in grades five through nine (Choices is 
availaUe for students in Grades ten and above). Choices 
Jr. consists of three modules: 1) ^ tutorial which 
introduces and defines career exploration lenninology; 2) 
a RKxlule in which students enter their activity pieferences 
(up to 120), educatioD plans, and favorite school subjects. 
This student data is matched to career fields (total of 20); 
and 3) specific information about occupatk)nal groups 
related to career fiekls ^nerated in the second module. 

Choices Jn contains up to 16 occupational groiq)s for 
each career field. The occupational groups are defined 
with a short job description, and by interests, working 
conditions, personality, lifestyle, money, school subjects, 
and abilities. The personality section is related to 
Holland's RIASEC categories. Pay levels are within tooad 
ranges representing national averages for groups of 
occupations. The infomiation is generally easy read 
and well organized and pro^des a quick overview of a 
wide variety of occupatioiial groups. 

One of tlie siq)port materials provided is the (Career 
Book which lists all 250 Occupational Groups in Choices 
Jr. This bode also contains several specific occupations 
(totaling 3,500) for each groiq>. Activity checklists are 
also provided to help one use the computer more 
efficiently. Students can complete the 120 activity 
questions beforehand and then csiter their results into the 
computer for processing. Additional copes of the activity 
checklists are available. Copies of the software can be 
made to use with additional computers. However, only 
one key disk is provided for initial start-up. This disk is 
needed to start-up each computer. 

The reading level of this software would also make it 
£q)propriate for slow learners. The publisher indicates that 



students can interact initially without assistance but 
recommends follow-up activities. The tutorial portion 
presents some good information although the Apple 
version may t>e somewhat abstract to the young user. 
Some additional visual aids may be useful in helping 
users distinguish between career field, career group, 
occupation, and job. 

No suggested follow-iq) activities are provided. Since 
the career fields do not strictly conform to generally used 
occupational classification systems, counselcH^teachers 
are encouraged to i^pare **crosswalks** to appropriate 
titles and code numbers in their own career resource 
materials. 

Overall Choices Jr. is a well designed career 
exploration tool f<x sbidents in grades 6 throi^h 9. There 
is a great deal of information contained on two disks. 
Because of the amount of data contained, users may need 
to be patient waging for the information to b*. displayed. 
Data is presentea >n the screen one line at a time. Even 
though this happens quickly it tends to slow the user 
down. As the student moves on to the next screen, there is 
a shcHt waiting period for information to appear. Th^e are 
no control keys to allow the user to move back and forth 
between modules. Th'^ user is prompted to move to a 
different section only after completing the sequence 
previously selected. 

The slowness of the program is a result of the 
substantial amount of information contained on two disks. 
When used in a relaxed and unhurried atmosphere this 
may not be too much of a disadvantage. Another approach 
may be to use the activity checklists to generate 
occupational fields and then combine the compute output 
with other career information for exploration purposes. 
This would facilitate using some of the program's 
capabilities with a group of students. 



336 



COMPU-JOB 

Publisher: Education Associates, Inc.* RO. Box 4, 8 Crab Orchard Rd., Frankfort, KY 40601 
Authors: Shelley Mauer and Tom Braun 
Cost: $129.00 

Hardware: Ap(de n series, TRS-80, or IBM computer with 64K and one disk drive, printer 

Setting: Junior high and high school, conimunity college, placement center, private counseling practice 
r^(fes9-14) 

Reviewer W. Ridgely Haines, Jr., Director and Consultant^ Center for Educational and Career Advancement, 
Qaik's Summit, PA 



Compu-Job was evaluated on an Apple lie wiJi 
128K. It is a process designed to assist participants in 
acquiring the skills and knowledge needed in finding 
eoiptoynient Coinpn*Job was (^ginally designed to be 
jolcly instructor-based, but mk:ro-computer software was 
developed to allow for individualized and self-paced 
instructkxi. 

This reviewer experienced first-hand the vendor*s 
reqx)nsiveness to user problems, as the program disk was 
defective and "crashed" after the second screen. A {dione 
call was placed to the vendor, and a new, functicming disk 
was received by mail only two days Utter. 

Compn*Job is itcommended for students in grades 
9-14 and can be used in a variety of settings. The 
Instructor's Manual that accompanies the package 
provides detailed lesson plans f<^ each unit, but lacks 
information on how to implement the program. There are 
instnictk)ns on how one might integrate the program 
into a carter education curriculum, or how participants in 
the computer-assisted version ve to be selected and 
oriented to its usage. 

There are five basic sections in the computer versk)n: 
identifying and finding jobs, prq)aring for the job search, 
obtaining a job, keeping a jcA), and review. Each section 
includes two to five units instruction on job types, the 
use of new$piq)er want-ads, resume development, job 
interviewing, and developing good w(^ng relationships 
on the job. It is a complete program, covering many 



details of job seeking and securing process. The resume 
section, however, is outdated, as the user is requested to 
provide personal data such as date of birth, height and 
weight, and marital stauis. The currently accepted practice 
is to include this information only in the very few 
instances where it has relevance to the job or type of wcvk 
dpplkd for. 

The software is easy to use, and students can utilize 
the i»ogram with little or no supervision. The amount of 
text that students must read on the various screens, 
however, is excessive and somewhat uninteresting. If tlie 
inognun was interactive in nature, this would not be a 
drawback. The computer version of C< mpu-Job, 
however, aiv)ears to be merely a slightly revised version 
of the instructor based program, and makes very little use 
of the unique cqiabilities of the computer. For example, 
with the excq>tion of the resume section, students respond 
to items and questions for each unit in an accompanying 
student woiktook, rather than entering and storing dieir 
responses in the computer. 

This evaluator had several high school students 
seeking temporary summer jobs use the software. Each 
spent a total of approximately five hours using the 
prograr , but lost interest before completing the entire 
process. Conscientiously completing all of the units 
would likely take approximately twenty-five hours. 

Compu-Job, then covers all aspects of the job- 
finding process, and even includes several units of review. 



Software for Career Counseling 



THE CREATIVE RESUME 



Publisher: 

Author: 

Cost: 

Hardware: 

Setting: 

Reviewer: 



Education Associates. Inc.. RO. Box Y. 8 Crab Orchard Rd.. Frankfort. KY 40601 

Sheiley Mauer and John Fields 

$129.00 

IBM PC or conq)atibIe. Apple U. 128K. one 5 1/4 disk drive, dot matrix or letter quality printer 
Ccnnmunity college, counselor education, high school, placement center 
Gene San^pscm. Assistant Professor. St John's University. Jamaica. NY 



The Creative Resume was evaluated on an IBM PC 
with dual S 1/4" floppy disk drives. Resumes were [Minted 
on Epson RX-80 dot-matrix and Brother HR-2S letter- 
qualiQr inters. Gnq)hics aq)ability is not required 

The Creative Resume program facilitates the 
prqMrration of resumes in a variety of ways. The program 
is menu driven and is well organized. A logical step-by- 
step format guides the user through the devek>pment o^a 
resume basec* upon a chosen format. The menu system 
shoukl encourage computer novices to temain involved in 
the program. It is forgiving of errors by presenting a 
menu, choices for the next stq). or a "help" screen. 

The program can be used as a teaching tool to develop 
and demonstrate various resume fwmats. The program 
allows one to print out either porticms of a document or 
the entire file. Although the iH'ogram allows only one 
resume format per disk, the information can be selected 
and repositioned to best suit the needs and inferences of 
the user. 

It would be helpful if The Creative Resume could be 
set up to run on two flof^y drives. The instruction manual 
provided no information diat would allow one drive to be 
used for the program disk and the other for the data disk. 
However, disk access is infrequent and a great deal of 
disk .swapping is not needed. 

The ability to place more than one resume format or to 
file more than one individual's resume on a single disk 
would be helpful. A multi-page resume takes up less than 



10 percent of data disk space, leaving room for much 
mcHe information. The only benr^fit to the present system 
is that each client may keep his/her own resume on his/her 
own disk for later updating, revision, and printing. 

When printing a multi-page resume the program does 
not stop for paper change, but assumes that continuous 
form-feed paper is being used. This limitation is not 
indicated in the documentation and since a resume " 
normally printed upon quality bond paper this may be a 
real disadvantage. 

Using enhanced printing functions can add to the 
visual presentation of a resume. Such print enhancements 
are not supported by The Creative Resume; only 
underlining and use of ci^itals set . ^ lings spirt &om the 
resume content 

Supportive j^nted materials are provided with this 
{Hpgram. These documents can be used to orient students 
to resume development philosq)hy and to the basics of 
job search procedures. 

Overall. The Creative Resume provides a highly 
structured logical approach to the development of 
resumes for a variety of purposes. The program is suitable 
for teaching the basics of resume preparation and for 
developing and printing resumes for students and entry 
level job seekers. Individuals needing multi-page resumes 
or those with a more sophisticated appearance will be 
better served with a book of r^ jme formats and a simple 
word processor. 



338 



DISCOVER FOR COLLEGES AND ADULTS 



Publisber: 

Author: 
Cost: 

Hardware: 

Setting: 
Reviewo*: 



Ajncrican CoUege Testing ftograir , 230 Schilling Circle, Schilling Plaza South, Hunt Valley, MD 
JoAnnBowbbey 

$1750.0(Vyctr lease, fint cojpy; cost decreases with additicml cq)ies 

IBM PC or XT\ minimum lOMB hard drive, 256K RAM, CGA monitor, printer optional but 
recommended, PC-DOS or MS-DOS of 3,0 or higher up i uui 

College or adult counseling or career guidance center 

Bill Allbritten, Director, Counseling and Testing Center and Learning Center, Murray State 
Umversity, Murray, KY ^ j 



Discover for Colleges and Adults was tested on an 
IBM PC XT using an mM 10MB hard drive. Ihe system 
was also equipped with an IBM CGA card and an IBM 
CGA monitor. 

This package is very large and as its size would 
si!3gest» compiebcnsive. It is oriemed towards college and 
fidult clients. Its many features allow the counselor to 
AdqH an q)proach MpptopriBtt to the diverse clientele 
found in these popuUttions. l\vo primary approaches may 
be taken in using the system: an "Information Only" 
approach; and a "Guidance" approach. 

The information q>proach allows the counselor 
and/or client to quickly access information by ^dpping 
the questionnaire modules. A sophisticated record 
management sy&iem allows very bsi retrievals of data 
within the various data files. The guidance approach 
allows the user and counselor to systematically work 
dtfoogh the nine modules the program. 

The first module, "Beginning the Career Journey," is 
designed to teach eflfective career planning. The second 
module, "Learning About the World of Wwk," provides 
an overview of the ACT worid of woik design. 

The diird module, "Learning About Yourself," is a set 
of 4 inventories that assess interests, abilities (self- 
ratings), experience, and values. The relationship of these 
characteristics to the w(^ld of work is also exptored in 
this nK>du]e. The founh module, "Fuiding Occupadons," 
can identify occupations based upon responses to the 
questionnaires in the third module, scons from paper- 
and-pencil inventc^es, or specific j<* characteristics, and 
can display a listing of cmmfj(A>$ sorted in wdcr of the 
number of matches found betv^een the user's charac- 
teristics and those of the job. 

The fifth module, "Learning About Occupations,** 
provides information about selected occupations and 
directs the user through exercises that narrow the selected 
list of occupations to ten or fewer. The sixth module, 
"Making Education Choices," is related to the fifth, in that 
training paths are identified for the ten or fewer selected 
occupations from Mcxbile Five. 

The seventh module, Tlanning Next Steps," takes 
the user through a process of identification of specific 
schorls or institutions offering desired trair provides 
information on these schools, suggests links to military 
occupational q)ecialties, provides information concerning 



job hunting skills, provides tinancial aid recommenda- 
tions, and provides information about non-traditional 
methods of acquiring credit, such as credit by examination 
or portfolio examination. 

Module eight, Tlanning Your Career," guides users 
in assessing their "career rainbow," die amount of time 
they currently spend on each of life's roles. Module nine, 
"Making Transitions," helps the user analyze the 
"lempmtture" of a transition — how much stress they have 
acc^ied and whedier they can handle this amount (rf stress. 

Movement through the system is analogous to using a 
printed document F^ard backward, as well as random 
entry to the modules and sections within modules, is 
provided. Navigatimi hints appear throughout the system; 
die likelihood of die client becoming "lost" is minimized. 
A typical client will likely require 3 or 4 one-hour 
sessions plus a foUow up widi a counsels to get the most 
out of die system. 

The manual is excellent, providing suggestions as to 
use as well as screen examples to guide die counselor. 
Nothing can substitute fof several hours of personal work 
widi die program, however. 

Support is provided by telq)hone or at user/publisher 
woricshops. A vAefhoDC number is provided in all docu- 
mentation; the user is encouraged to contact die Discover 
Center (a branch of ACT) for help widi any pr( "lems. 
Staff are friendly, concerned, and knowledgeable. This re- 
viewer has had only positive ei^riences widi diis group. 

Most effecdve usage, in diis reviewer's opinion, takes 
place when an initial interview is conducted widi the 
client, one to four sessions (depending on client needs) 
are completed widi the system, and dien die client has a 
follow up summary interview witii die counselor. It is 
difficult to envision an adult and/or college age client 
needing career guidance for which this system is not 
Bipproptiatt, This is a mature program. Versions have been 
marketed for many years. 

The reviewer's offfce was one of die early sites for 
the (mginal IBM PC version of die program. It has been 
gratifying to see die devekqmient of die program absorb 
many of die recommendations provided by users. The 
publisher sponsors frequent woricshops on die use of die 
program. Auendance at diese is very rewarding. This 
reviewer strongly recommends diis product; it clearly 
meets its design goals. 



Software for Career Counseling 



339 



DISCOVER FOR HIGH SCHOOLS 

Pttblislicr: American College Tbsting Program, Inc., 2201 North Dodge St, Iowa City, lA S2243 

Audior: Umivailible 

Cost: $1750.00 for fust copy 

Hardware: IBM PC or c(mq>atit)le, PS/2 Model 30 and 50, also selected Ai^le, TRS-80, DEC VAX and 
HP3000 computers, requires minimum < ^ lOMB hard disk; in IBM PC ccmfiguration requires 2S6K 
RAM, color gnqphics capability, and T>^S 3.0 or higjier 

Settiiig: Hig^ schocd, community college, college and adult versicns are also available 

Reviewer: Gene Sanq»on, Assistam Professor, St Jdm*s University, Jamaica, NY 



Diseo^ ftr High Schoob is a pmgram for career and 
educational plaming that consists ot the following seven 
modules; (I) B^in^ the Career Journey, Learning 
About the World of Woik, (3) Learning About Younelf, 
(4) FjdSng Oocupatioa . (5) Learning About Oocupaiions, 
((Si Maidng Educational Chcuces, and (7) Planning Next 
Siq)6. 

Diacover provides a system that allows students to 
e;q)Iore the world of woric, consider personal attributes 
that relate to a variety of woric situations, and identify 
fields of study diat may lead to emptoyment in desired 
areas. 

There are two nuyor ways that Discover can be used. 
The first path is through die Guidance Plus Infoniation 
^nxoach. On-line administration ot interest, self-rating 
of abilities, experience and values inventories provide 
information for matching personal attributes with 
occupations. Students can also use results of interest 
inventories such as the Self-Directed Search, and/or 
aptitude tests such as die Differential ^)titudeTbst 

Infonnioion from the above inventories and tests are 
used along with the level of education die student wishes 
to attain to identify qiecific occupations as well as groups 
of carem categorized under Discover^s World-of-Wori^ 
Mif). 

Programs of study providing entry into selected 
occupations can be identified from Discover*s data files. 
These files include information on 2,921 vocational/ 
technical schools, 1,458 two-year colleges, 1,731 four- 
year c(^eges, 1,241 graduate schocds, 144 external degree 
programs and 212 military programs. 

The second way to use liiscover is through die 
Informadon Only Approach. With diis mediod students 
can quickly access information about specific jobs or jobs 
which rhare common characteristics, schools or military 
programs, financial aid for school, job seeking skills, and 
non-traditional ways to earn college credit 

The amount of time needed for average student use is 
2-4 hours. Woric sessions can easily be bndcen up into 30- 



45 minute segments. Information can be printed or saved 
to disk for future use. Completion of die Career Planning 
Guidebodc before going on-line widi Discover can save a 
great amount oi ccnputer time. 

Administrative and counsekx* management reports on 
users can be generated for school use. Among other 
options, rqxrts on users can be btcken down by grade 
level, gender and counselor identification numbers. This 
information may be useful in program evaluation and for 
fuuire funding requests. 

Discover for High Schools is well oiganized and 
easy for even a computer novice to use. Clear, attractive 
and uncluttered menu* provide a logical and sequenced 
mediod of moving through die program. 

In using Discover a few ivoblems were noted. These 
problems were readily corrected by a caU to a pleasant 
technical support team. Overnight delivery of needed 
materials proved more than satisfactcxy. 

Many of Discover's imntouts do not have headings, 
making it difficult to identify tiic characteristics upon 
which the listings are based. Pencil notations on die 
computer paper providui a less than satisfactory solution 
todiisprobl^. 

More error correction prompts on screen would be 
helpful. For example, when searching for a four-year 
college by code number if the code for an occupation is 
used by mistake the program simply returns a finesh screen 
without indicating die nature of die problem or how to 
correct it Overall, the problems e. countered in 
installation and use of this sophisticated jmgram were 
insignificant 

Discover for High Schools is flexible and most 
enjoyable and easy to use. The program and supplemental 
materials are thorough and weU oiganized. Data files are 
updated yearly to provide current infcmnation. 

High schools considering purchase of a compre- 
hensive computer-based career planning system should 
seriously kxk at die Discover for High Schools package. 



ERIC 



340 



DISCOVER FOR JUNIOR fflGH AND MIDDLE SCHOOLS 



Publisher: 

Author: 

Cost: 

Hardware: 

Setting: 
Reviewer: 



American College Tbsting Program. Inc.. 2201 North Dodge. Iowa City. lA 52243 
JoAnn Bowlsbey 

Single copy, perpetual - $500.00; Annual - $323.00 

Api*e He with 128K (enhanced) with two 5 1/4" disk drives, dot matrix printer, and a Gr^ler 
interface card; IBM verslcm in (fevelopment 

For students in grades 6*9 

Robert F. Brank. Counselor. Louis M. Klein Middle School. Harrison. NY 



Discover for the Middle School was evaluated by a 
group of foity seventh-grade suidents using an Apple lie 
in this counselor's office. Individual sessions of one 
period each were scheduled foUowing a gioup introduc- 
tion in our Computer Literacy classes. Discover is an 
interactive program diat allows the student to woric alone 
or with the counselor. No student nuuiual is provided nur 
is one necessary for the on-screen student infonnatk)n is 
quite clear. For purposes of computer-aided counseling, 
the professional manual provided considerable 
inf onnation to die counsekir. 

Discover for the Middle School has three parts: 

PW 1. You and the World of Work 

Pait 2. E3q>loring Occupations 

Pan J . Plittuiing for High School 

In the reviewer's career education program it was 
decided to run parts 1 and 2 in grade seven, then save to 
disk and run part 3 in grade eight 

The program signs students on and off. gives clear 
instructions akmg the way. and has a record keeping or 
administrative process. It is a pn^gram that is user friendly 
and self instructional. There are a total of five disks 
(actually six) to run dk^ whole program: Boot, Entry. You 
and the World of Work. Exploring Occupations, and 
Planning for High School (a general version and record 
keeping disk). 

A multiple disk program may be cost effective 
compared to die hard disk version, but in diis counselor's 
q)inion it does not wqiIl There are components, such as a 
values clarification or a job simulation, that will not fit on 
or into die program in die present format. However, 
adding fiirther information or tasks may create a program 
diat would require more student and counselor time and 
prove less enjoyable dian die present version. 

Discover's content is built upon die ACTs concept 
called die nVorid of Woric Map. " This concept is one diat 
is iQgKal, simple and easily exjdained to the student The 
program allows students to explore their interests and 
learn more about woric choices in Uft. 

The structure cS the program is logical for it com- 
bines bodi instruction and interaction. To teach die student 
die -World of Wwk" die program uses "Moxey die 
Mouse" in a maze. This game requires die student to 
answer questions about wcnker tasks in wder to "help" 



Moxey reach die goal (of die cheese). Students loved die 
challenge of die game and really did very well in diis 
interesting departure from the norm in career exploration. 

Part 1. "You and die WorW of Wortc" - This process 
has a review of die woric tasks (helped by Moxey) so that 
die student sees where diey are on die Worid of Work Map. 

Part 2. "Expl(mng Occupations" - The next step in 
die process allows the student to see die relationshq) of 
occupational clusters widi worker tasks: 

Part 3. "Planning for High School" - This part of die 
Discover program takes smdents from die concept of 
work on to self assessment and into die planning stage. 
Discover provides a general file of typical courses and 
graduation requirements. This is fine, but die gems of die 
program are the disks "Administration of" and 
"Localization." The creative counselor may load into die 
computer high school graduation requirements and 
courses that may meet diose needs. 

Discover is a most comprehensive and systematic 
aiqmach to career awareness and the process of planning. 
The printouts, especially the graphics, are easily 
understood. Discover is a wonderful educational tool for 
die counsetor. One of die tilings the reviewer liked ^ut 
the Discover program is that it helps students to 
understand how abilities and work lead to success in life. 

The program does lack flexibility in the area of 
movement from menu to menu, but then it is not a data 
base. Access to die job information is quite limited, but 
for die intended population diat is fine. The planning part 
shows great promise, but again it does have some real limi- 
tations in our worid of complex graduation requirements. 

The cluster concept and die relationship of careers to 
the individual school program is what makes Discover a 
real success! This is a most ambitions effort to make 
educational and career choice into something that is mort 
logical than chance. It is a real tool for die counselor who 
wishes to have a most purposeful conversation bodi widi 
die student and die parent 

This is a worthwhile and comprehensive computer- 
based career expl(muion and student planning program. It 
may have some limitations, but it reaches die goal of 
providing a counselor with a guidance component to 
enhance e program of career services. It is to be 
commended, and I believe usedl 



^ Software for Career Counseling 

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341 



E-WOW 



Publisher CFKR Career Materials* Iik» P.O. Box 437» Meadow Visi » CA 95722 

Author: Arthur Cutler* et al. 

Cost: $89.95 

Hardware: Apple series only 

Setting Fourth to sixth graders and special education children 

Reviewer: Barbara CrofU Counselor* Bloom Carroll Local Schools, Carroll » OH 43085 



E-WOW (Explore the World of Work) is an easy to 
use program designed to provide the user with an 
oppoitunity to assesi interests and exploit career clusters. 
This program would be q)plicable in the special education 
and rehabilitation counseling area. It is designed to be 
used with students with at least a fourth grade reading 
Irvd although it can be used with any age level. 

The objectives of this program are not stated, but as 
the user works through the program, they soon become 
apparent The objectives include career assessmen'^ and 
matching assessment to job titles and decision making 
concerning possible careers. The relationship between 
interests and career choices is not clearly presented to the 
suident. The counselor may assist in showing the user 
how the objectives relate to the user's career expectations. 
Hie assignment sheet at die end of die prq^am will assist 
the student in completing some of the objectives of the 
program by showing how to do more career expkxadon. 

The program first asks the user to identify his/her 
interests by using a 1, 2, 3, ranking scale along with 
pictures and woids to describe the inteiesu. The answers 
to these questions are divided into different groups as they 
rehite to career clusters. A bar gn^ is used to tally the 
answers showing the number (tf **like/ "dislike*** and '*not 
sure** recorded answers, ^thou^i this bar grai^i does not 
relate the answers ot each career cluster to one another* 
the user might look at one bar on die gfBfh and think that 
he/she has mott positive answers in that paiticular cluster 
than in anodier career cluster. In actuality* one cluster may 
have more questions than anodier cluster. The bar grq)h 
does not print out when die user prints results. When the 
user does not use the printing option of the program* 
he/she may use the "Area of ** screen. If diis screen is used 
and a mistake is made in die number selection* the entire 
system has to be rebooted and the user must begin the 
program again. No message is displayed to inform the 
user of hiVher mistake in number selection. 

The younger user may find E-WOW entertaining and 
easy to use. When die user makes an inappropriate 



response, the program signals this to the user. The 
program can be used in a limited time span* with litde 
previous instruction. 

When die client uses the ptint opAon of die program* 
the results of the intcresi inventory are printed for 
hir/i/her. The results are easy to reiul and understand but 
are not in die bar gn4)h form used in die program. When 
die client chooses a career cluster to investigate* he/she 
receives a group of career options diat seem accurate fot 
die career cluster. The client can choose any of the career 
clusten to investigate and any career may be printed 

E-WOW provides a program manual. This manual is 
easy to understand and it gives accurate information. It 
provides additional sources of career infmmation* but 
many career counselon may akeady have this type of 
material available. The program is simple to use and 
operate. The i»intout provides die client widi a wc^heet 
to use when investigating the c«ter(s) of higher choice. 

The main assessment tool in E-WOW is the interest 
inventory. The association of wcH'ds with pictures as a 
vehicle for evaluating interests is a unique way to 
approach the problem of limited reading ability. No 
validity and relisibility data on the use of this approach are 
included in die manual. F6r the dder user of diis program* 
the pictures may inhibit the use of the program. The 
actual cues and prompts in die program are helpful fCH" the 
user. 

E-WOW has a limited user population which 
includes mosdy special education clients and elementary 
school children. In addition* I feel that the amount of 
interest information and career exploration made possible 
by this program does not warrant its p TChase by a 
counselor with limited funds. I feel that this program falls 
short of helping die client with decision making skills in 
die career area. Only if there are numerous other career 
exploration materials available to the client and counselor 
can I recommend E-WOW for purchase. 



O 342 

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340 



EUREKA SKILLS INVENTORY 



Publisher: 
Author: 

Cost: 

Hardware: 
Setting: 

Reviewer: 



Eureka CorporatiOT, 5625 Sutter Ave, Richmond. CA 94804 
Marilyn Maze and Donald Mayall 
$490.00 ($650.00 for Micro SkiUs II) 
Apple n-h. He, lie; IBM PC and compatibles 

liigh school, college, career planning and placement agencies, vocational rehabilitation program:,, 
self-esteem counseling 

R. Edward Galloway, Professor of Psychology and Counseling, Pittsburg State University. 
Fittsbuig, KS 



Micro Skills I was evaluated on an IBM PC 
compatible Zenith ZW 151-52. The prognun was toaded 
onto 10MB hard disk and available f(v student use. 

Eureka Skills Inventory, computerized as Micro 
Skills I9 enables the client to survey his/her past work 
experience, klentify the job-component skills they used in 
each job, and decide whkh skills they most enjoy using. 
The user is then able to compare his/her pattern of 
preferred skills to the skill patterns of 30 of the most 
closely matched occupations. The most compelling aq[:xt 
of the Micro Skilb package is that clients' characteristics 
are assessed by taking inventory of accomplished 
activities and, from personal experience, deciding what 
was enjoyable. This ^ in contrast to the traditional client 
assessment with aptitude, values, and interest test 
predicting what the client will probaUy be able to do and 
enjoy. I believe this makes Micro Skills especially 
attractive to those counselors woildng with clients who 
are repelled by tests and those suffering from low self- 
esieem. It would also be helpful with those individuals 
with a wealth of wotk experience. 

Vf J materials help the counselor adapt Micro 
Skills to various clientele. The Skills Inventory 
Woricsheet can be completed individually or in a group as 
prq)aration fof a session on the computer. For situations 
where computer access is quite limited, or client numbers 
are large, a Batch Processing Version of the expanded 
Micro Skills U is available. A client may print out their 
work part way through the program and consult with their 
counsek>r before proceeding. 



In woridng with individual clients, the counselor will 
become aware of the need to recognize and compensate 
for the effiects of generalization. Although this is true of 
any |xocess that matches generalized worker traits with 
generrJized occupational characteristics, it is more 
apparent in th^s program because the client's own 
experience on a specific job may not totally fit the pattern 
research says is characteristic of a specific occupation. In 
practice, this simply means the counselor will want to 
discuss with clients how individual experience varies. 

I like die general format of Micro SkiUs because it i« 
user friendly and concise. A 9th grade sttident with no 
conrputer skills will be able to run Micro Skills 
independently after 2-3 minutes of instruction. The 
progranuning is ct high quality and provkles an easy flow 
of user interaction. However, I would make three changes: 
(1) I would include a statement of how printouts are 
obtained in the introductory comments; (2) I would 
provide exits in the middle of each section; and (3) I 
would add occupational code numbers in addition to 
occupational titles on printouts for later reference. 

I recommend Micro Skills for use with a broad 
qpecttum of clients (ages 15-65). It can help individuals 
exidore and choose occupations that "fit" them, help make 
them aware of their assets, and identify those areas in 
which their skills need strengthening . Pmicularly for the 
latter two, I believe Mkro Skills is the program of choice. 



^ftware for Career Counseling 



341 



343 



EXPLORING CAREER OPTIONS— COMPUTER CAREERS 



Publisher: Queue, Inc., 562 Boston Avenue, Bridgeport, CT 06610 

Author: Unavailable 

Cost: $39.95 each or $435.00 for 1 6-program series 

Hardware: An>le n series, and Franklin with 64K 

Setting: Agency, oxnmuni ty college , placement center 

Reviewer: Richard Dawley, Counseled*, Milwaukee Public Schools, Milwaukee, WI 



The reviewer tested this Exploring Career 
Optioiis — Computer Careers on an Apple lie and He, 
with 128K and 48K respectively. Three middle school 
students also tried it out and provided feedback. No 
printer is needed unless one orders a management system 
wluch was not included in the trial package. 

I believe that the program's strength lies in the 
reading comprehoision seginent of the program. Career 
information is minimal, and the picsentation lacks the 
student interaction. The reviewer tested 6th, 7th, and gth 
graders and discovered that the reading level was a bit 
difficult 

Loading time between frames is lengthy. A review 
quiz with multiple choice questions is provided that asked 
questions in the negative rather than the positive, i.e.. 



''which is not correct." The CAPS Lock needs to be 
depressed to assure i^oper running of the program. A 
summary of the number and percentage of questions 
answered correctly is shown at the end of each of tlie nine 
careers. 

A total of nine careers are presented: The Operator I, 
II, and III; Technician I and II; Programmer I and 11; and 
Analyst I and II. There is a review at the end of the 
program that covers the entire program. The 12 questions 
are short, and when fmished, a summary is presented and 
the program reboots for the next user. 

In my opinion, Exploring Career Options 
— Computer Careers would be best used in reading 
classes. Students should find this program rewarding if 
used to augment career awareness in high school settings. 



344 



342 



THE GUTOANCE INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) 

HougliU>n Mifflin Company* Educational Software Division* Mount Support Road, CN 9000, 
Lebanon. NH 03755 

Coqxnte copyright 

Universities and schools. $1,950 annual license fee; Career Decision Making System (on-line 
interest inventory). $399.00 additional 

IBM PC or conqMtible. minimum lOMB hard drive. 256K RAM, monochrome or color gradiics 
cqmbtlity. DOS 21 or higher, printer is reccmmended (GIS also available on a variety of i>ther 
con^ iters, includnig several mainframes and minicomputers) 

Gdlege or adult counseling center/age i e veer giiidance center 

Bill Allbritten, Director of Counselin., ^estmg Center and Learning Center. Murray State 
University. Murray. KY 



Publishsr: 



Auttior: 
Cost: 

lUrdware: 



Setting; 
Revkwor: 



The Guidance Inrormation System (GIS) was 
tested 00 an IBM FC-XT using an IBM 20MB haid dri ^e. 
The sysitem also equipped with an IBM CGA ^vd 
and an 7BM CGA monitor, as well as an IBM Proprinter 
X24. The systetu is shipped in either 5^** or 3.5** fl^y 
disk fiormat This reviewer ru^eived the 5^** for it m 
16 floppy disks. The program is installed using 4k JOS 
RESTORE command. Installation required ^jout 40 
minutes. 

The program is a comprehensive career infonnacion 
system. It may be purchased for use as a stand-alone 
information system or with an optional caieer decision- 
making aid (Career Decision Making*System<3}M). 

IVogram D€8cr4>tion. Hie GIS package consists of 
six majur file systems. Very fast lookups are possible 
within each section. The file systems are: 

1. Occupational Information File (contains 
infamation on approximately 1000 jobs/job areas). 

2. Armed Services Occupational Information File 
(contains informatkxi on araied s^vices occupations and 
ndated civilian job areas). 

3. IVo-Year College Information File (contains 
information on over 1»700 schools offering Associate 
degrees ?jid certificate jrograms). 

4. Four- Year College Information File (contains 
information on over 1,700 baccalaureate granting 
institutions). 

5. Graduate and Professional School Information 
File (contains information on over 1500 graduate 
programs). 

6. Financial Aid Information File (contains 
infor^on on sources of student financial aid). 

Information is (vganized within the major files in 
sevekal ways to facilitate access. These files are updated 
by the publisher on a semi-annual basis. 

The review package also conUined the Career 
Decision Making System* a career choice aid for 
assessing pitferences in interests* careers, school subjects, 
and educational plans as well as a self-assessment of 
abilities. 



Two major routes are available for obtaining 
information. (1) The user may use the supplied support 
materi<ils to look up information about known or 
pievic ^ iy chosen career areas, schools, or financial aid 
progrians. Four supporting guides are provided for 
indexing occupations, financial aid opportunities, 
graduate and professional school, four-year sci«^ls, and 
two-year schools. ShcMt (profile) or Umg f im (in-depth) 
tcpohs may be generated. (2) The search nnethod, allows 
th^ user and counselor to develop an index in the 
piww isly mentioned areas based on the user's petsonal 
preferences and '^ices. The profile and/or in-dep«.ii 
reports may then be generated for a cu2»toinized list 

The inogram is self-instructional for rhe user via a 
built-in tutcmal. A nu system guides the . through 
various levels of choices in the nuijor file arc^ \ Some 
customization is possible by including local occupational 
and career files. The user may also choose the career 
planning module (CDM interest inventory) if installed (an 
extra-cost option). Entry into the system may be made 
through any of the files or CDM categories. All data 
>."ailable in the system may be displayed or printed. 

Program Setup. Setup requires installation of the 
program on the hard disk using the DOS RESTORE 
comnuuid. The manual provides explicit instructions on 
what to type at the DOS prompt to accomplish this. Each 
of the miyor subsets of the program must be individually 
installed (there are four or five, depending on options). 
Installation requires about 40 minutes. A batch file is 
installed during this process ttu»t allows the system to be 
invoked by issuing a GIS conmiand at the DOS im>mpt 
The program is copy protected using a key diskette 
method. Access to the key is requested a^ random ii.ter- 
vals. The installed prognm may b^ backed up using the 
DOS backup command or a proprietary fast lockup pro- 
gram ^recommended). The key disk may not be backed up. 

Ease of Use. The program is relatively easy to use ir 
the counsek>rAiser is fam^iar v/fth the command structure 
Ihe CDM system is cle* .i:id is bailed on s*;lf-assessment 
of preferences. Prihted SK^terials are provided with the 



^ ^ware for Career Counseling 345 

ERIC 343 



system to aid in interpreution. The prjgram and its 
support guide 3 cross reference selections to other 
conunoidy used encyclo|Mia resources. 

DocvBentatioB. Documentation consists of 7 
iiMAuab and. printed indices. It is ut ifonnly professional 
in its presentation. One suggestion is to have the guic' s 
bound to allow them lo lie flat A quick reference card is 
provided to assist the iner and counselor in navigating the 
system. Sample screens are provided in the counselor 
manuals lo assist the new user in becoming Cmiliar with 
the system. On-line help is available to the user. The 
rental price also includes on-siie tnuiiing by the vendor. 
Hie documentation includes suggestions for other career 
selection relaied activities. 

Support Support is provided by telq)hone as well as 
dxsrougb on-site trainiiig. Tblqtoie inquiries are handled 
quickly and expertly; no call backs are necessary. The on- 
site tndtting is an excellent oflferiqg lo purchasers. 

Usage. Hie reviewer and other users found ttrA die 
-ogram meets its stated objectives. The base system is 
primarily an encyck)pedic database; it does not provide 
options for self-exploration other ti4m through choices 
basedon job characterisfics. An additional module can be 
purchased which provides the self-expk>ru ^on function. 



Mailing labels with address information can be printed 
from the program to t •ciliiate inquiries to schools. This is 
a handy feature. 

Students using the system commented on die depth of 
infonnation provided as well as the q)ecificity ynth which 
job/career choices may be made. Reading level was 
q)propriate for usage at die high school^post iiigh school 
levels. 

Ivpresslons. The program functions smoothly 
within its design par^eters. The command structure is 
lengthy, but is reasonably inbiitive. However, die quick 
reference card should be kept at hand, as should die 
printed manuals. The availability ot on-site training is an 
important feature and should be used as die command 
structure is lengthy. The program occupied about S 
megabytes when installed; other programs, such as word 
processors, could be installed on die same 10MB hard disk 
to add utility to the computer system hosting die GIS 
system. The program is a mature product and rejects diis 
in its refinement 

The reviewer recommends diis produa to diose tisers 
requiring the type of information available its 
databases. Its primary use is as an information retrieval 
tool and its utility should be evaluated widi diis in mind 



THE HIGH SCHOOL CAREER COURSE PLANNER 

Publisher: CFKR Career Materials, PO Box 437, Meadow Visto, CA 95722 

Author: Unavailable 

Cost: $79.95: Lab pack of 4 more, 40% discount 

Hardware: Apple n, IBM-PC. or TRS-80 widi color mcmitor, optional printer 

Setting: Eighth grade 

Reviewer: Richard Dai^ey, Counselor, Milwaukee Publi^ Schools, Milwaukee, WI 



The High School Career Course Planner was 
reviewed using an IBM PC/AT u«ing an Amdex 722 color 
monitor. A cotor monitor is esseiv lal but this fiEK^t does not 
appear in the documentation. This program claims to 
match skudent's interests with 199 jobs. The teief set of 
nine questions (e.g.,'*do you like to woric with people, data 
or things"), in ei^t minutes poxluces a list of 10 job titles 
that match. (This disk is a supplement to a jMiiited version 
which asks the same nine questions). Users are then 
directed to match their interest profile with these ratings: 
"l-high interest,** **2-some interest," and "S-tow interest** 
to find a matrix that corresponds. The computer version 
produces results much faster than the SO minutes 
suggested for the paper version . 



The final task of both the computer and ptiper version 
is to plan a four-yesr high schod program of courses. In 
the computer version, a listing of courses appropriate to 
the three highest rated jobs is inesented on screen. The 
paper version simply lists a fo.in to be filled out with 
"required" and "elective" courses. 

A miyor benefit of the program in this reviewer's 
opinion is the speed of matching students interests with 
possible jobs or careers. Total time to use the piogram 
was eight to IS minutes. However, this negates a process 
of career exploration and may encourage hasty 
conclusions by users. 



O 346 

ERLC 



34 i 



JOB APPLICATIONS and 
FINDING & FOLLOWING-UP JOB OPPORTUNITIES 



Publisher: Education Associates, Inc.. RO Box 4, 8 Crab Orchard Rd.. Frankfort. KY 40601 

Author: Shelley Mauer and Tbm Braum 

Coat: $79.95 each 

Hardware: Apple n series. TRS-80. or IBM computer with 64K and one disk drive, and printer 

Setting: Junior high and high school, community colleges, placement center, private counseling [H-actice 

Reviewer: W. Ridgely Haines. Jr.. Director and CoosulUmt. Cemer for Educational and Career Advancement. 
Oaifc's Summit, PA 



Job AppBcttiQiis and Ffaidtaig & FoDowfaig-Up Job 
Opportunltiea were evaluated on an Apple lie with 
128IC These piognuns are part of the Job World Serbia. 
Thus, they will be reviewed together rather than 
sqmtdy. 

Iheae programs were designed u> assist participants 
in acquiring the skills and knowledge needed in 
completing job applications and finding em^oyment 
opportunities. They aie designed 10 be used ind^oide^ 
with minimal or no aq)erviskNi and without prerequisiiB 
skills. This reviewer found that some assistance is 
required. Job Applicatfoaa requires some typing dolls. 

Aocdcdiiig to die p(d>lishei8, the Job WorU Series is 
q)propriaie for students in grades 9-12, colkge students, 
and adults through age 65. Most examples, thougli. are 
based on the experiences of high schod students, and 
adults would not find the programs particularly relevant 

Each program is set up in a highly interactive 
question and answer format interq)er9ed with grq)hics. 
Job Applications includes general guidelines for 
completing job q)idk:ations as well as tips on responding 
10 speciBc types of questions. Paiticulariy useful are the 
suggestions for handling difficult circumstances with 
unceitain jobs or being fired from previous jobs. Specific 
recomiiiendttxxis on re«nonses to personal questions such 
as marital status and a , are lacking. Definite strengths 
of tiiis pognun are tiie inclusion of a practice application 



and review questions. Finding & Following Up Job 
OpportunUles provides details on sources of job 
openings and how to foUow-up on these "job leads." This 
program contains much useful information including 
often overk)oked sources oi job leads such as trade unioiis 
and iTOfessi3nal associations. Eq>ecially valuable are 
cautions regarding want-ads and private employment 
agencies. A^un, concq)ts are reinfteced through a review 
"quiz." 

Screens are clearly and consistentiy formatted, ai.d 
the prpgrams are gically organized. This allows users to 
quickly and easily move through the prognms. Inconu:t 
responses are dealt with constructively. A drawback is 
that clients cannot redmi to previous sections to correct 
responses or review missed information. Counselor 
siqq;)ort materials were unavailable, and suggestions for 
intervention strategies, follow-up activities, and 
integration into the curriculum are lacking. Each program 
takes about forty-five minutes to complete and will 
therefore fit into a SO-minute class pet^ 

These two programs in die Job World SerieSt then, 
provide useful «tnd comprehensive information on 
completing job applications and locating and following- 
up on job onxMmities. As they are more rdevant to the 
high school population, purchase is recommended only 
for this group. 



^ Software for Career Counseling 

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345 



347 



JOB HUNTER'S SCAN IV 



Publisher: National Education Software Services, 1879 Locust Drive, Verona, WI S3S93 

Author: Unavailable 

Cost: $139.00 

Hardwane: Apple n+» lie, lie, IIGS or IBM and ccmpatible 

Setthig: High school, cooununity agencies, career centers 

Reviewer: Colin W. Kahl, Counselor, Liverpool High School, Liverpool, NY 



Job Himter^s Scan IV was evaluated on f .Apple He 
with an Imagewriter II printer. The program contains 
unique recommendations for job hunting and for 
improving ones' employability dulls. It contains a cross- 
referenced collection of occupational titles, industry 
designations, instmctional program designations, and 
yeliow page headiogs. It may be beneficial to a taigeted 
gKHsp m the schod setting. This prr^ram would ceitainly 
be valuable to many agencies concerned with job 
piaoement and development 

The job hunting and employability skills section of 
the program presents infoanatioo on occupations and tasks 
perfonned by these occupations. This must be cor^pleted 
before the job search can begin. Tb-^ program demon- 
strates how aoss-refcrenced infonnation may be used lo 
kx:ate job leads, and after a job offa has been made, what 
one should do. Much of what is presented here can easily 
be found in a variety (tf job hunting and employability 
skills printed materials. A positive feature, however, is the 
user's opto to print out sampk documents to iLustnu^ 
matter discussed. Ihese include an abilities chart, resumes 
(both m chronological and fsmctional form), a letter of 
application, lists of application form information, 
fiequently adced interview questions, and questions to ask 
abo«it a job offer. Users may find such printouts he^ lul in 
understanding and reviewing t<ie concq>ts presented in the 
program. 

The true value of Job Hnnter*8 Scan IV, however, 
lies in the large and comprehensively cross-referenced 
listings of jobs, industries, training jnograms, and yellow 
page headings. Presented with a menu that graphically 
indicates the cross-reference connections among the four 
classifications, the user can select a path or "crosswalk*" 
between any two of die cUissifications. The jmgram will 
then search these two sections for related classifications. 

For example, one could select a connection between 
oa:upations and industries. The program will then direct 
the user to specific page numbers in the User Manual 
where 732 occupations are listed with identifying code 
numbers according to the Standard Occupational 
Oassific^jtion (SOQ of the U.S. Department of Conrunerce 
and Lalxv. As many as five codes can be entered. The 



program then scans the 369 Standard Industrial 
Classification listings iq)proved by the U.S. Office of 
Management and Budget for related industrial settings. 
These are then jvesented on screen with a subsequent 
onxHlunity to send the findings to the printer. 

From there, for example, the user can select a 
crosswalk between the industrial listings and the more 
than 2600 Yellow Page lisdngs to s^ch for local 
businesses and potential employers ir diose selected job 
areas. Similar searches cok be done between any of these 
three as well as the S26 college and vocational ^raining 
programs listed according to die classifications adq)ted by 
the National Center for Educational Statistics. 

The User Manual wisely u realistically recommends 
that the counselor discuss with the student/client the 
purpose and use of the cross-referencing methodology. 
This recommendation cannot be emphasized strongly 
enough. As with many computer programs, the Job 
Hunter*s Scan IV becomes a more valuable and 
functional tool as the student/client more fully 
comixefiends the nature and scope of the imgram and is 
better able to draw information from the vas data base. 
The User Manual also suggests that most stui ^ts/clients 
will 1^ able to use the cross-reference progt > . without 
direct assistance. However, the somewhat s; phisticated 
and Comdex nature of die program suggests that the direct 
help of a counselor, or other professional who is 
thcmughly familiar with the p-ogram's use, will greatly 
enhance and expedite its effectiveness and value. 

Job Hunter's Scan IV is for the most part a well- 
conceived, easy-to-use program. A few minc^ quibbles 
include the sometimes tedious wait as the program loads 
or scans and the occasional handling and swapping of 
disks at certain points in the program. Both situations 
occur because of the huge data base required for the files. 
These delays and swaps, however, are clearly 
acknowledged on screen and are only minor annoyances 
that do not detract fiom die overall quality of the program. 

Career and job counselors, job developers, and in 
some instances, school counselors will find thii unique 
program a valuable tool in helping stud* <its/clients initiate 
in Mlow through on a career or job search. 



348 



JOB-O 



Publisher: CFKR Career Materials, Inc.P.0. Box 437, Meadow Visu, CA 95722 
Author: Arthur Cutler, Francis Ferry, Robert Kauk, Robert Robinett 
Ctet: $89.00 

Hardware: Apfie family, IBM PC/c<xnpatibles, TRS>80, CcxDinodore family 

Setting: Agency/community, business/industry, commuuity college, counselor education, four-year 
cdlege/university, placement center, litx^ary, private counseling practice, elementary, middle and 
high schools 

Reviewer: Lea Beth Dober, Regional Du^tor, California Career Education System, Long Beach, CA 



JOB-O was used with three para-professionals, a 
career counselor, and a high school student on Appit lie 
computers. All of the individuals involved, with the 
exception of the reviewer, had used JOB*0 in the pencU* 
pqper format 

jOB-O asks the user a series of questions and 
provides a tast of the tq> ten matching xcupations firom a 
possiUe 144. The user is asked to enter his (xr her name, 
the educational level which he/she wishes to have, and the 
field (choice of eight) in which he/she would like to wchIl 
The seven areas that are covered for "interest assessment" 
are interacting with others, persuading, helping others, 
physical stamina, orking with hands, finding solutions, 
and being creative. No return key is necessary and the 
user can step quickly and easily through the questiorss. 
(By the same tcdoen, die user cannot ''badk up" to change a 
pievioasly answered question). If the user is unsure of the 
question, a definition is available. Upon completion, the 
program can print out a list of the occupational matches. 

Simplicity could be the strength of this program. 
Utilizing one floppy disk, it patiently and easily gives 
users a basic and {vactical amount of infonnation about 
themselves and about a selected group of occupations. 
The program is, for the most part, easy to use, and utilizes 



simple and easy :o read language. The information 
categcMies are very brief, e.g., '^type of training: coU^e,** 
and many of the association names are abbreviated. The 
vendor notes that JOB*0 is appropriate for Spanish 
q;)eaking users. 

The frustrating part of this program is the list of 
occupations that, when jmnted, have stars by a few of the 
top "matr hes." No e> anation was given as to Tvhat the 
stars meant Every reviewer commented on the slowness 
of the program: both to load, to print to the screen, and to 
ou4)ut on the imnter. It was very oasy to have the program 
"bomb out," for the m 3st part unintentionally, as in the 
case of not engaging the "ci^ lock" key or striking the 
return y 7. 

Every reviewer took issue w'*h the category of 
"related and unusual occupatior ^ng that some of 
the titles were not at all unusual. 

JOB^O is certainly reasonably priced, and for that 
reason it would be a greai career exploration and 
beginning computer experience at the middle school or 
entering high school level. It was my feeling that tSe 
program was too simple for the old^, more sociiisticated 
student who would appreciate learning a bit more than 
was offered. 



Software for Career Counseling 



347 



349 



JOBS IN TODAYS WORLD 

Publisher: MCE, Inc., 157 South Kalamazoo Mall, Suite 250, Kalamazoo, MI 49007 
Author: Comiie C. Ouding 
Cost: $69.95 

Hardware: IBM PC, PC XT, AT or compatible, 256K memory and 2.1 oi higher PC DOS or MS DOS; 

requires CGA or Hercules gn^cs card with ai^>ro(Miate cobx or monochrcnne nKmitcx*; AH)le n 
series 

Cutting: Secondary school or ngency which works with youths or adults who are exploring career directicms 
which do not require coUege education 

Reviewer: Jo'^ph M. M)lker, Assistant Professor, University of North Dakota. Grand Fbrks, ND 



This prograz! was evaluated on the EPSON Equity n, 
and is IBM compatible. 

Jobs in 'kloday's World is an inexpensive, easy to 
use, career devetopment program for both youths and 
adults. It shottU be particidariy appei^ 10 clients who 
ait seeking inf onnation and guidance on careers that do 
not require a coUege education. Most other career 
devek)piBent scrfkware is of limited use tothe non-coUege- 
bound student Ibis program is q)ectfically designed for 
this type <tf a client 

Jobf fai Ibday's World presents the client with a s^ 
of nineteen multq>Ie-choice questior < that assess career 
inteiests, school subject matter intu<^, work environ- 
ment preferences, and job rdated skills. The program 
compares client reqxmses to the ^ific requiiemems of 
nearly 100 non-college occupations. The program 
identifies the duee oocnpatkms that most closely match 
the client's responses. The resulting occupations appear 
either onscreen or can be printed out The program then 
refen the user to the Career Guide booklet accompanying 
the program. In the Career Guide students discover a 
variety of information about their three "best fit" 
occiqMitions. This information includes job description, 
job qualifications, salary, outkxdc for the future, related 
occupations, and resources for further information. The 
format of the Career Guide is very similar to Uie 
Occupaiiomd Outlook HmdbooL 

The principle advamage of this program is its speed. 
Clients can re^ond quickly lo the nineteen questions and 
identify their three "best fit" occupations within 10-15 
minutes. Thus the client can . up through the program 
several times to observe bow their results are affected by 



answering the inventory questions differently. The reading 
level of the inventory is approoriate. The projram 
instructions are simple. Minimid p^paration of computer 
skills are required 10 use the program effectively 

Although the brevity of the inventory will make 
impatient clients happy, it presents a concern for 
counsekvs. The program asks too few questions (19) to 
obtain valid interest assessmoit No rationale is given in 
the program documentatkm for the type aui relative few 
number of questions. Also, the manual does not go into 
details on bow a match between the clients' reqxHises, the 
interest inventory questions and the 100 occiqntions is 
obtained. This reviewer would have qqpreciated seeing 
the scoring rules for making this match included in the 
user documentation. 

The number of occupations surveyed by this pn^gram 
also presents a concern. While Jobs bi Today's World 
does include a wide variety of occupations (Le., adminis- 
trative support, agriculture, art, entertainment and 
constnictkMi to name a few), one hundred occiqMttions are 
much too insufficient a number to consider titis program 
to be comprehensive. Jok? fai Today's World could be 
improved by increasing the number of occupations 
included in die database. 

These shortcomings are offset by the program's 
inexpensive price ($69.95), its q)eed, ease of use, and lis 
taiget client population. The problems can be overcome 
by effective client foUow-q) to insure that clients interpret 
their results appropriately and by the inclusion of 
supplemental occupational information on a larger 
number of career opportunities. I recommend Jobs in 
Today's World fxx use with non-college-bound youth and 



LeisurePREF 



Publisher: Constructive Leisure, SUN. LaCienega Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90048 
Authur: Patsy B. Edwards 
Cost: $45.00 

Hardware: Fbnnats for DEC, ffiM, TRS, Osbcnme, Kaypro, Applt, Macintosh and other computers; requires 
64K and one 5 1/4" floppy disk drive; a printer with a parallel interface is also required 

Setting: Agency/commuiuty counseling, business^industry enq)loyee-pen'(ninel dept., community college, 
counselor education, placement center, private counseling iMactice, high school, recreaticm centers, 
career and life planning centers 

Reviewer: Marie A. Winton, Iherapist* Orlando Regional Ivfedical Center, Orlando, FL 



LebarePREF was evaluated op an Epson Equity I 
(IBM compatible) computer. The counseling objectives of 
LrSsurePREF are to assess client activity in work ancVc^ 
leisure and to assist in planning a balanced worii^leisure 
life. Using a scale of 0 to S, the user rate <t his or ner 
intotst on a number of leisure activities. Ihe computer 
summarizes the scores into four categories: manual/ 
physical, cerebral, creative and social. A printout is 
provided that lists the scores of each activity, a few 
example sctivities from each category, and the summary 
scores* 

LdsorePREF can be completed in about IS minutes. 
The Users Guide explains the process of getting the 
program started. Miixv modifications were necessary for 
me to run the program on an l^Mon Equity L 

Once the program is booted into the computer, 
directions to use the program appear on the monitor and 
are easy to follow and read The hticf directions do not 



explain that: (1) mistakenly hitting some keys may erase 
some letters of the questions, (2) incorrect reqxmses are 
ignored, and (2) mistakes may be onrected by using the 
backspace key. Therefore, to avoid confusion, brief 
instructions by the counselor should supplement on- 
screen user directions. 

The program runs in a quick and systematic manner 
with the results clearly summarized. LeisorePREF is 
adaptable to a variety of counseling situations and is 
^)prcq]iriate for diverse populations. The results may be 
utilized for focusing on areas to pursue in future 
counseling sessions, developing a plan to explore and 
partkqKite in appropriate, client-seleoed leisure activities. 

I found LeisurePREF to be a useful tool in helping 
clients explore leisure interests. LeisurePREF is the 
begirjiing of the process of exploring leisure interests and 
may be used for a variety of situations and populations. 



Software for Career Counseling 351 

ERLC ^ 



LIVING WITH YOUR PAYCHECK 



Publisher: Education Associates. Inc.» 8 Crab Orchard Rd., Frankfort. KY 40601 

Author: Ibd It Morford, Craig E. Gardone, and Jdbn M. Fields 

Cost: S19.9S 

Hardware: IBM PC or ccxiq)atible; ApfAt E series 

Setting: School (8th grade reading level) and clinics 

Reviewer: Scott T. Meier, Assistant Professor, SUMY, Buffalo, NY 



Lhring with Your Paycheck is a computer-assisted 
instructional (CAI) program designed to teach basic 
concq is about personal finances. The program consists of 
seven teaching modules whkh describe how to figure 
take-home pay, develop a budget, open a checking 
account, appfy for a loan, bonow money, use credit cards 
wisely, and save for emergencies. The program was 
designed for persons with an eighth grade ruling level 

iVftcT a brief introduction and entry of the user's 
name, the program provides an option to proceed 
sequentially dirough the lessons or select among them. 
Once into a lesson, the program e£Bciently paces the user 
through die learning material. For example, the first 
icsson describes how to figure take-home pay. bnponant 
terms are introduced and explained (e.g., gross pay, 
deducti on s, and net pay), and then die program presents 
several multq>Ie chcrice questions to test comprdiension. 
Here is a typical (pestion: "Jim is paid every two weeks. 
He ivorks 35 hours per week and is paid $7 per 
hour.. What is Jim's gross pay?** If the answer is correct, 
the program provides a reinforcing response ("Qever 
aren't you, Scott") and dien elaborates on and repeats the 
educatkxial content If die choice is incorrect, die program 
asks the user to try again. After a second inconect 
response, the prc^gram provides the correct answer and 
subsequent feedback. 

The prc^gram has odier he^fiil touches. Fn^ examine, 
previous lessons are often incorporated into other 
modules (e.g., take-home pay is considered when teaching 
about developing a budget). A 20-item true-false test is 
available at die conclusion of die program to review what 
die user learned. Little bits of financial wisdom are 
sprinkled duoughout die lessons (e.g., fof emergencies, 
txy to have six months pay in savings or save five to dght 
percent of each paycheck). 

The program has an opAon to turn sound oi* 'y off, 
increasing its usefulness in classrooms and clinics. 
Graphics are used throughout the prograrn, but a fair 



amount oS reading of text is still required, suggesting that 
users should be motivated to do the work at one sitting or 
be able to complete lessons over several sessions. Each 
section is likely to take 5-15 minutes to complete and is 
written at an eighdi grade level. 

Some minor technical and educational problems 
remain. Much of the text (even on the 80-column IBM 
version) is uppa case and may be difficult for some to 
read. The IBM version seemed to give the user less 
contnd dian die ^le version when scrolling dirough die 
material While using die Apple version, messages would 
occasionally display without any explanation, e.g., a 
comma was accidentally inputted in the Apple versicm 
and the message "extra ignored" was displayed widiout 
^planation. 

The program inttoduces a character called WILLIT 
die paycheck, but dien doesn't do much widi WILLIT in 
the seven le»>ns. No printout educational content or 
test items is available. No manual was supplird widi die 
review copy of die software, but two copies of a booklet 
entided "Using Your Paycheck >^ly" are included as 
supplementary material Because the program's language 
assumes pricM* knowledge of technical terms (e.g., when it 
mentions a b&«ik's trust department to handle trust funds 
or estates), users may find it helpful to have someone 
nearby to answer questions. Also, a cakulatcH' may be a 
useful aide for some lessons jnless basic math is 
intended as part of the instruction. 

These (Ufficulties aside. Living With Your Paycheck 
appears to be an useful adjunct to teaching students about 
the basics of personal ^mance. This CAI ap^noach makes 
good use of the computer's ability to present material, test 
for comprehension, reinforce correct responses, and 
provide usef^:! feedback. The material is clearly 
explained, ani the program is relatively easy to use and 
understand, ^th competent supervision neitffoy, students 
and clients are likdy to benefit from Living With Your 
Paycheck. 



352 




OCCUPATIONAL OUTLOOK HANDBOOK ON COMPUTER 



PuhUstsr: CFKR Care» Materials, Inc., P.O. Box 437. Meadow Visu, CA 9S722 

Author: Aithur Cutler, Francis Ferry. Robert Kauk, and Roben Rabin 

Cost: $89.95 

Hardware: IBM PC and compatibles. Apple U series. 64K 

Settiiig: All settings. 7th grade and up 

Reviewer: Mark Pope, Editor. Consulting Psychologists Press. San Francisco. CA 



The Occapalional Ovilook Handbook on 
Compvter (OOOC) was evaluated on an IBM PC/AT 
with a 40MB hard disk. The OOOC program was 
designed to present the latest Occupational Outlook 
Hoiidbook (OOH) information via a nucrocomputer. to 
serve as a computerized research tool to retrieve 
intomaticH} on those jobs listed in the OOH^ and to 
pitsem thai information in a brief and condae fonnat The 
softwwe package contains a career infonnation system 
that can be leatfily used lo access current informatkm on 
over 200 careers listed in the OOH. The program 
incorporates information from five other sources: 
Dictionary of Occupational Titles^ Guide for Occupa- 
tional Exploration^ DictiOKory of Holland Occupational 
Codes^ Class^ation of Jobs^ and Occupational Outlook 
QuarteHies. 

The OOOC program does not require special 
assistance. It can be used in a group setting or 
indivkiually and is recommended for ages 12 and older. A 
user's manual is inchided. 

The OOOC program begins with the user selecting a 
searching strategy: (1) by occupational group (for 
example. "Managerial Occupations"); (2) by program- 
assigned number for a spttiSc career (for example. "37. 
P5ydiok)gist"); or (3) by selected job requirements (for 
exanq>le. "Helimig/Insinicting Odios"). 

For die first search strategy, the user is instructed to 
selea one of the 19 di^Iayed occiqxitional areas. A list of 
careers that fall into the specified occupational area is 
displayed and the usor is instructed to choos;; one. The 
program provides information on the chosen area. 

Tlie second search strategy aUows the client to access 
a specific career by entering a job number. This job 
number is not associated with the DOT or any other 
established classification system. 

The third strategy allows the user to search by job 
characteristic. He/she can choose a maximum of three job 



characteristics out of the available 18. At the end of tne 
search, the user is provided with a list of careers 
correspcndiitg with the specified job characterics. 

This program was very easy to use and basic OOH 
information is easily accessed, llie manual provides seme 
instructions on what to do with the resulting OOH 
information, but more infiDnnation is needed 

The prc^gram has been designed to run using only a 
little of the memory (64K). In the version that was 
reviewed for the IBM PC. almost every monitor screen 
which was disfdayed included formatting proUems. It was 
almost as if the program had been fmnatted for a 40 
column terminal insind of an 80 column terminal Many 
of the screens that should have been cent^:ed for 80 
columns, were setup for 40 columns. 

The tesponsc fanoH is inconsistent Initially, the user 
is required to enter carnage return after selecting an 
opdotL Then without any warning, the user is required to 
enter one letter or number without ^ carriage return. More 
continuity is needed with regards to the program 
functions. 

There is no help or online assistance This reviewer 
experienced problems with the errcH' message overwriting 
one of fie menu selection prompts. After this occurred, 
the program did not re^^lay the correct prompt 

The version that was reviewed had a major bug. 
When the option to select a spcciTic career by job numbo^ 
is chosen, after the user has selected the "printer^ cation, 
the user can not go back and select the "screen" for 
display of the information. 

Overall, the prof^am is useful. It provides a service to 
individuals seeking career information. There are 
technical difficulties with the software design including at 
least one "bug." It is an inexpensive way to get the OOH 
information online. 



SdOtware for Career Counselirig 



THE PERFECT RESUME 



Publisher: Pennax Systems, Inc., lOlO Shpiman Ave, P.O. Box 1229, Madison, WI 53701 
Author: Tom Jackson and Bill Bachin^iam 
Cost: $759.00 

Hardware: ^le n with 64K; IBM PC with 128K 

Se^tii^: Agency/cooununity counseling, business/industry enq)loyee-personnel department, conmiunity 
college, counselor educaticm, four-year college^niversity, graduate school, placement center, 
library, high sdxxri, private counseling practice 

Reviewer: Can^ T. Beer, bstnictor, Rutgers University. New Bmnswick. NJ 



The Perfect Rctome was evahuued on an Applt lie 
with two floppy disk drives using a letter-quality printer. 
This is a lesunie piqiaiatioQ prognun to be used in career 
and vocational planning. The program may be 
appropriately used with a diverse client/student 
population ranging from eleventh graders through oUer 
adults. 

The scrftware assists clients in prqMring professional, 
state-of-the-ait resumes. The Perfect Resume is divided 
into two parts: The Resume Consultant and The Resume 
Builder. The fust part offers help in cljdfytng career 
directions, selecting ^ an appn^Mate resume format, and 
using suitable resume lan^iage. The second part focuses 
on the process of creating and developing resume 
language. 

The prognun's objectives are easily understood and 
are meaningful to users. The well-organized and 
systematic tppamh motivates clients to complete the 
program. The user will have no difHculty in going 
through the prognm. 

The program incorporates the capability of the 
computer as a data base, word processor, and print shop. 
The conqwter is used^io instnia and guide users at dieir 
own pace. Clients can progress as rapidly as they are able 
toreqxmd to the questions. The user omtn^ the pace of 
the program and can change activities or skq> a part of the 
program to meet his/her needs. 

The program is self-guiding. Users enter their 
personal information into the computer. Assistance is 
available to provide tips and to advise at any step in the 
process. Clients with limited exposure to computers 
shouU be Mc to follc*v the prompts widi little difficulty. 
The response format and instructions are clearly stated 
and easy to f oUow. Inf onnation entered by the user can be 



saved on higher own data disk. This provides convenient 
stopping points which promote flexibility of use. 

FeecOiadc. in the form of a summary of personal data, 
is immediately avaibble to die client These summaries, 
known as data buihUng Uocks, may be viewed or printed. 
Printouts are easy 10 understand. 

The support materials available for use with the 
program are accurate and easy to understand. The User's 
Guide lists the available word processing features and 
allows the client to work his/her way through the 
program. A sanqde resume and ttitorial acquaint the user 
widi the program. Master copies of die User's Guide are 
included to aUow die printing of muhqrfe copks when the 
program is to be used widi small groups 

A Counselor's Manual is not available but the 
Manager's Guide and User's Guide as well as the 
accompanying resume preparation book offer ample 
information for user and counsekxr alike. A brief but 
acctJttte explanation of the theoretical concepts and 
additional (or foUow-up) activities are contained in die 
accompanying handbodL 

The Perfect Resume scrftware motivates students to 
learn job-seeking skills by carefully explaining the 
concq)ts and the^ of career and resume devr^k^ent 
The content is bodi accurate and well oigaiiized. It is 
relevant to die clients' needs and immediately qyplicable 
to didr lives. The importance cl a professional resume to 
a successful job search is emphasized diroughout the 
program. 

Completed resumes can be stored on die user's 
personal data disk for future use. Users select die resume 
layout that best presents dieir information and meets dieir 
individual needs. Infimnation can easily be arranged or 
rearranged as needs change. 



ERIC 



352 



PLANNING GUTOE FOR JOB SEEKERS 



Publisher: MTiniergreen Software. lOlO Sherman Ave.. P.O. Box 1229. Madison. WI 53701-1229 
Author: Bill Buckingham 
Coat: Unavailable 

Hardware: IBM PC. 1 or 2 double sided drives. 128K memory, Apple He or He, 64K mem<^. 8(k:olumn text 
card printer (optional) 

Setting: Personal use, high school, college, job {dacement agency 

Reviewer: Bill Albritten. Director. Counseling and Testing Center and Learning Center. Murray State 
University. Murray. KY 



Ptenafaig Guide for Job Seekers was evaluated on 
an IBM PC XT with one 360K ftoppy drive and a 20MB 

^'"^ (not required by program;. The piQgt^ 
strategics {rianning and evaluation tool that allows the 
user to estaUish and evaluate daily and weekly job search 
stratifies. User data cim be saved and recalled 

Ihe niain module oi the system allows users to plan 
jo^ searches through the f oUowiag aver^ les: 

1 . Find Job Leads or Infonnation about Emptoyers 

2. Develop or Review Your Employer Contact. 
Netwoik« or Reaouroe Lists 

3. Woric on Application Fonns»Lmcrs, or Resume 

4. Ftepare for an Interview or an Employment Exam 

5. Telephone Employers. Personal Contacts, or 
Other Resources 

6. Meet with Employers. Personal Contacts, or 
Other Resources 

7. Reserve Time to Plan or Review Your Job Search 
Strategy 

8. Schedule O'her Activities or Breaks 

The module allows users to plan a job search 
schedule by completing two functions with each of the 
above avenues. Fir^, the user is asked to identify the 
contact or behavkv to be performecL Second, the us:r is 
asked to identify a time to perfom: the behavior. The 
tinies may be selected from menus of one hour Uo^ for 
morning, afternoon, and evening periods. This is 
comirteted for as many of the activities in the above list 
diat the user wishes to implement A full /eek's schedule 
can be set iq> at one sitting. The user can then modify, 
view on the CRT, print the schedule. 

Other functions allow the user to evaluate the 
schedule in terms of nnmbera and types of contacts, 
whether networidng was used, and whether key types of 
contacts are omitted. Finally, the user can save the 
schedule to didc for bter review or recall for modifica- 
tion. Fussword protection is used to secure the indivklual 
dau files. More than one data file can be saved on a disk. 

!vIovement through this module as fast and simple. 
Merus are provided to assist the user. Additional help can 
be summoned. The help is general in nature and not 
context specific. The user dees not need sunx>rt materials 
at hand to use the program. 



A Tips" disk is also provided. Helpful infonnation is 
provided for each of the activities covered in the main 
module. 

The manual is brief but adequately covers the 
organization of the pn^gram. Each activity is covered widi 
complete menu content being provided for reference. 
Hints are provkled for managing a job search. Scheduling 
forms are also provided, presumably for use when a 
printer is not available. A diecklist allows the user to 
evaluate various job search activities in terms of the need 
for assistance in accomplishing the activity. Finally, time 
management suggestions are provided for efficient 
implementation of the schedule. 

Nfovement chro^sh the pn^gram is rapid, requiring as 
litde as IS minutes to complete. Time for completion is 
dependent upon the number of activities the user wishes 
to schedule. The user should comptoe the checklist in the 
manual and secure outside help in areas where it is 
necessary before devdoping a schedule. Screens are well 
formatted and easily read. Information content is general 
in nature end should be applicable over an extended 
period of time. No update policy is discussed in the 
manual. The program appears fitee of technical problems. 
Exiting the Tips Disk did require a cM start The Ctrl- 
Alt-Del sequence apparendy is disabled by the program. 

Program setup is easiest if a dual-floppy system is 
available. This consists of transfer of system files and 
command from die user^s registered copy of DOS. The 
program would not run from the hard disk as attempts 
were made to access Drive A. However, die author makes 
no claim of hard disk compatibility. 

Publisher support could not be evaluated. No phone 
number was provided in the manual nor did directory 
information have a listing. 

The program as described and iriplemented is limited 
to the planning of job search ictivities and their 
scheduling. To this end. the program functions well. 
Useful information is provided in a well-structured 
format Gients who used die package described it as a 
useful alternative to assembling data dirough a manual 
process. The mogram is of use to individuals who require 
or are most comfortable widi directed schedulLig of dieir 
job search activities. 



Q Software for Care^ Counseling 

ERIC 



353 



355 



SIGIPI.US 



Publisher: Educttional Testing Service, Rosedale Road, Princeton, NJ 08541 

Author: UnaviiUUe 

Cost: License annual fee— $1,075 - $1375 

Hardware: mM PC XT and compatiUes, also new mM PC systenill (requires laSKofmemwy) 

Setting: Agency/conununity counseling, business/industry employee personnel department, community 
college, counselor education, four year college/university, placement center, library, private 
counseling practice 

Reviewer: Ana W. Gonzalez. Occupaticxial and Career Information Coordinator, Occupational InformaticKi 
Coordinating Committee, San Juan, PR 



SIGI Plus \w evaluated on an IBM PC AT with a 
30MB hard disku This program covers all the principle 
aspects of career decision making and planning. The 
program is divided into nine separate but.intenelated 
sectioas. Each core section relates to a stage of the career 
decision making process. 

L Introduction— Presents an overview of SIGI 
Plus and recommends a padi through die system. 

2. Self-Assessment— The client considos his^er 
values, interests and skills and decides which are 
most important 

3. Search — The client chooses desirable and 
undesirable wofk characteristics. 

4. Information — ^Provides specific occupational 
informadon in terms ot skills, possibilities for 
advancement, potential income, etc. 

5. Sldlls-^^resents spodEc skills required for any 
occupation in SIGI Plus, including managerial 
skills, and allows clients to rate d^mselves on 
these skills. 

6. Pteparing— In this section clients can see typical 
job preparation paths and estimate their 
likelihood of completing die preparation. 

7. O^ing— Gives spcd&c suggestions on dealing 
career prq)aradon (e.g., finding time and money, 
arranging care for odiers, etc.). 

8. Deciding— Provides a decision-making; strategy 
and a summary. 



9. Next Steps— Provides specific suggestions on 
how clients can decide what chey should do to 
move toward their career goals. 

SIGI Plus is highly interactive and user friendly. 
Also it adapts to the specific needs of the different 
persons. Users can advance through the entire program or 
go to ^>eciflc sections that contain the infnmation for 
whk:h they are kx)king. 

The program has been written in simple English 
facilitating its use by persons of different ages and 
abilities. The instructions are very clear and easy to 
follow. It has been estimated diat users need less than five 
minutes to leara to use the program. It takes approxi- 
mately three hours to go through the entire program. A 
user may stop at any time and continue at a later date. 

The mainials that accompany the software are very 
easy to use. The User's Guide explains the meaning of 
SIGI and how it is used. Included is a Guide to Further 
Resourct s that helps clients find additional infcmnation. 
The program is updated yearly and can easily be 
customized by die counselor or staff to add infonnation 
diat reflects local employment conditions Also, bulletin 
board information can be added. 

In summary, SIGI Plus is a very complete career 
decision making and planning software. It is tailcMed to 
the individual needs of clients. It provides valuable 
information that is accurate and updated annually. SIGI 
Plus helps clients acquire decision making skills and 
focus on career planning. 



THE RESUME 



Publisher: Education Associates, Inc., 33 Fountain Place., P.O. Box Y, Frankfort, KY 40602 

Author: Unavailable 

Cost: $79.95 

Hardware: Ai^e, IBM PC» TRS-80 

Setting: High school, college, adult 

Reviewer: Richard Dawley, Counselor, Milwaukee Public Schods, Milwaukee, WI 



The Resume was evaluated on an Apple lie with a 
monochrome monitor. 

This handy mind-jogger is oiganized into diree topic 
areas: (1) focuses on how lo prepare for writing a resume, 
(2) assists die indivkhial widi writipg a resume, and (3) 
summarizes the program with a shon review quiz. 

Except for the first few screens, diis program was 
devoid of any graphics. The printed fonmi part of tiie 
question/answer section is little more than a text quiz. 
Minimal instruction is included, which convi)Kes me it is 
more a memory jogger and or reminder than it is an 
instructional teaching device. 



Following the 21 -item quiz is a personal resume 
construction section. This section covers major topics 
such as standard resume format areas. The Resume 
indicates the sM of information buked for in a personal 
resume, far example, personal informatkm; 'Education and 
training; high school, college and vocational; work 
history; references; civic/community activities and 
awards; and hobbies. 

The Resume is easy to use, can be comfdeted in a 
one hour session, and provides a basic starting point for 
young adults. 



Software for Career Counseling 357 



TIPS 

Publisher: Center for Career Development, Florida Dept. ot Education, CSG Careerwarc, 810 Proctor Ave., 
Industrial Park, Building #3, Ogdensburg, NY 13669 

Author: Marsha Tomer 

Cost: $7S0.0r (one-time payment - perpetual license) 

Hardware: IBM PC or PC XT, with 256K of memory, 5 1/4" disk drive; Ar j n+ or He, 48K of memory, 
5 1/4" disk drive 

Setting: High school, community counseling agency, business center, library, private counseling practice, 
research 

Reviews*: Jane Arnold Spanel, Career Counselor, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 



TIPS was evaluated on an IBM PC XT. It was 
designed to be a complete instructional system for 
teaching job search, employability, and life skills. 

TIPS is comprised of 4 components: The first 
component. Orientation and Pathfinden, gives detailed 
instructions on using the system and presents the three 
major content categories. The second component. Job 
Search Skills, consists of ten didc modules dl dealing with 
different aspects of finding a job. Ihey bqgin with helping 
the user prq^ for the job search and cufaninate with 
providing praits to ponder when deliberating over a job 
offer. The third component, Eiqpiqyability SIdlb, consists 
of five disk modules each focusing on different aspects of 
good woA habits and copiiv with job changes. The fourth, 
and final module. Life Skills, is compri^ of six disk 
modules addrusing such topics as money management, 
human inieractkNi, and efiEsctiveness on die job. 

The first module in this 23 module system. 
Orientation and PftAfinders. introduces die beginner bodi 
to microcomputers and the idre program. It takes about 
thirty minutes to complete but this is tune well spent 
Upon completion die user will haiv a clear picture of die 
structure and content of the three categories— JOB 
SEARCH, EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS, and LIFE 
SKILLS. 

All of the modules present the information in a 
thorough and organized manner. Each module is of a 
stand-alone variety. The user can begin at any point, 
although completion of each categor> is encouraged in 
order to gain die fidl benefit of die program. The modules 
range in completkxi time fiom IS to 45 minutes and the 
manual's suggestion of allowing a one-hour c!ass period 
per modufe seems apixopriaie. When an incOTtct req)onse 
is given, die user is gendy chided and is shown die enor as 
well as tiie correct answer. Prim.vily, true-false and 
multqde-chcMce questions are used. f¥om time-to-time, a 
game format is also utilized The screens are carefully 
formatted and clear directions accompany each screen. 

Prior to striking die ENIER key, die user is able to 
change hi^ier leqxmes. However, after die ENTER key 
has been pushed, die user is unable to return lo an earlier 
fiame and make correctkxis. ShoukI it be necessary to exit 
a module before completion, die user sim^y exits. >iker 



finishing a module it is necessary to do a "warm boot" to 
re-start the next module. This is annoying and time 
consuming for clients who may wotk on sevenu modules 
during a session. Installation on a fixed disk computer 
would be an advanuige for a system having neariy two 
dC2en floppies. Due (o its lengdi and content, dus program 
requires good reading skills. 

The program automatically prints numerous screens 
duoughout die dvee categories. At die end of each module 
a bibliography of related readings is printed for die user. A 
printout of die client's reqxmses is ako primed at dus time. 
There is space provided for follow-up notes and 
comments. The Counselor's Record also provides 
information on die number of modules completed and can 
be useful in reviewing infommtion with clients. The record 
provides documentation on die number of clients using die 
system and indicates diose categories receiving the 
greatest and least use. 

The manual is useful for die amount of detail offered 
but is confusing to the first time reader. The sections in die 
TIPS Manual entiUed, "Instructional Modules" and 
"Competencies for the Instructional Modules," are 
redundant 

The Self Check Answer Key provides answers to the 
questions asked of the client duoughout the 21 modules 
and is complete and useful as is the bibliography of 
readings and resources. 

The TIPS software is a us^ friendly, interactive 
program that covers a myriad of data pertaining to die job 
seaich, emjdc^ment and self-management skills. The ease 
of diis extensive data piogram is indk:ative of the highly 
sophisticated programming that has gone into its 
development. The easy-to-use format and "drill and 
repeat" sections may not dfppeal to univenity students, 
although dus would depend on their level of need and 
sq>histication. Adequate budgeting for computer paper 
shoukl be included in the forecasted cost as the printouts 
generated dvoughout die 21 modules are ronsideraUe. In 
summary! any organization desiring a computerized 
instructional system diat teaches skills relating to job 
seeking, employmei t, and life skills planning would do 
well to give serious consideration to die TIPS scrftware. 



3S8 



ERIC 



VALUE SEARCH 



Publisher: The Guidance Shoppe, 2909 Brandemere Hr., Tdlahassee, FL j23 1 2 

Author: Unavailable 

Cost: $95.00 

Hardware: Apple II with 48K and one disk drive, or TRS-80 nuxlel m/IV with 48K (backup disks are $15.00) 

Setting: Grades 7-12, coUege or adult (18-65 yrs.) 

Reviewei : Dick Roberts, Counselor and Instructor, North Orai. re County Community College District, Yorba 
Lindane A 



Value Search was evaluaifd on an Appk lie with 
64K and 2 disk drives. Thi. . ^puter program was 
devek)ped to as:^ clients in values ciarificadon. It does 
not require any prior microcomputei experience. It is 
q)propriate for students grades 7-12, as wcdl as college 
students and adults. Most all clients assessed, with orie or 
two excq>tions, used this program independent of any 
assistance other than in turning on the computer. 
Estimated time of use of the full program per student is 
about 40 minutes, including a^^ three sections. In our 
experience, we found this to be . v. 

The program be ns with a brief explanation of 
vahies and their imporumce in occupational choice and 
satisfaction. The choit is then given a menu, consisting of 
the three exercises am" a values summarization (to be 
used after the exercises ere completed). The client can 
choose on^ two, or all three exercises. Clients found the 
exercises to be interesting, but most found **lhe Trq)" lAd 
"Ideal Job" to be most q)peding and accurate. In "The 
Trip," clients have to barter their least important values to 
get something they need for a trip. In "Work 
SatisfKtions," clients rale a series of statements on a scale 
from one to five dq)ending on how true they feel it is for 
them. In the Ideal Job," clients have to choose between 
three job options > based on a value. Each job is compared 
with each other one until all values are prioritized. At the 
end of each exercise, clients get a suuimary of their values 
in order of prksrity and can get a printout if desired. The 
fourth sectiui, tbs vahies cc*nparison, shows the results of 
all three exercises, comparing die values discovered in 
eaci*. 

Value Search can also be use J with larger numbers 
of clients by making slave diskettes from the master disk 
for each computer in the rlassnx n. This option could 
possibly be helpful for gkoiqM. classroom activities, and 
discussions. It is a good starting place in a career planning 
and expk)ration course for any grade levd or age. 

The program is quite simple and easy to understand 
and use. A few technical problems and inconvcuif nces 



were encountered, however. First, if a client makes a 
mistake in itsponst to an item, he/she can not back up, 
but must start over, including booting up the disk again. 
Se».ond, clients can't stop in thr middle of the program 
and start where they left ofi on another day. Third, the 
client's name is not printed on the printout which might 
cause some problems if processing a number of clients 
one after another. The cartoons aren't really necessary 
during the "Tri ^ section and just add to the time it takes 
to complex the program. One other difiBculty widi this 
program, at least on the Apple He, which we used, was 
that it was quite slow between responses and when 
printing out 

There is no mention of the particular research 
behind the development of diis instrument, oJier than it 
was admmisteial lo "several thousand adults over several 
years." I woulu like lo see more specific information in 
order to build a greata sense of confidence in die validity 
and reliability of ^.^se particular exercises. Also, there is 
very liule expbnation of why three exercises were chosen 
and how to determine which one is most accurate. Though 
diey are compared at die end of die program, no final 
prioritization of values is done. All our clients who used 
die Program were left widi some questions. 

This program does seem to provide hdp in a very 
important dimension of career guidance. It is eflficient, 
simile, cost-effective, and can be used in a short amount 
of time to assist clients in identifying that which satisfies 
and motivates diem. It also saves counselor time, dius 
ena counseknrs to see a larger number of clients. 
There are f^w inexpen Ive software programs available in 
die area of >'alues clarfication and diis is one that can be 
veiry useful in quickly assessing client values. 

i)verall, this piogram is recommended for r 5 
apinxqniate target r "^tion. It does do die job it was 
designeil for to quiciu^ assist students in c' ^ "ving (heir 
woric-related values in an enjoyable and non-uireatening 
f<nrmaL 



Software for Career Counseling 



359 



VOCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS OF PERSONALITY (VIP) 

Publisher: TbIcri Assessment, tic., P.O. Box 5087, Jacksonville, FL 32247-5087 

Author: Linda Roebuck and Jill Gann 

Cost: $795.00 

Hardware: An>le n or IBM PC 

Setting: Schools and adult programs, including those serving economically disadvantaged or those who 
have disabilities 

Reviewer: Norman Bcrven, Professor, University of Wisconsin, Mad" >n, WI 



The Vocatioiiai Implicatioiis of Personality (VIP ) 
was evaluated on an Apple lie computer with a single 
disk drive» monochrome monitor, and dot matrix prinier. 
The VIP is a computer-based personality assessment 
program designed to provide "personal insight" to the user 
regarding "v;-*>dung ^le preferences" and io relate those 
i/rcfeiences to career opticms. 

The VIP Test diskette is used in the administration of 
the VIP. Basic biogrq)hica( iniomuuion is first requested 
firom the user. foU.ived by a self-repcHt inventory of 85 
multiple-choice questions, each with three response 
choices. One question is presented on each screen. Areas 
covered include typiail behavicm in various situations, 
preferences, perceptions of the user by others, and 
qualities admired in others. Frr each question the u^r 
enters the letter of ihn desired xesponst and is asked to 
confinn the choice; however, no provisions are available 
to change responses after moving on to the next question. 
About 20 minutes is required to complete the entire 
assessment 

User responses are saved on the VIP Test diskette 
after every block of ten questions, aUiwing users to 
discontinue testing and resume at a later time. This can be 
hcq)ful in the case of interruptions or fatigue. Uso, an 
audio \apt pr;»enting questions is {provided to facilitate 
administration to users with visual impairments Oi limited 
reading skills. The VI? assessment is described in the 
mauiial as fast, simple to use, and providing for 
iniinediate feedb(»ck, and these descriptions seem 
accurate. Ai H>ugh individuals totally unfamiliar with the 
u^ of computers rn* ^ht require limited assistance initially, 
many potential users would be able to complete the 
assessment independently, vnh little or no assistance 
firom staff. 

The VIP Management diskette is used to produce 
reports and perform other mani^ffement functions. It 
provides options to produce headings on all rqxHts; to list 
or delete user rec^jrds on the VIP Test diskette; to change 
names or biographical infomiation on the TJtsi diskette; 
and o produce assessment reports. The VIP Managem it 
diskette is well designed and easy to use. 

A unique feature of the VIP assessment the 
provision of recommended classroom and guidance 
activities, together widi coire^onding support materials. 



including notes for classroom presentations, trans- 
parencies, and audio tapes on each of the eight fjersonality 
types. The manual emphasizes the Importuit role of 
service providers in interpreting scores and providing 
information; the activities and support materials would 
appear helpful in fulfilling this rde. 

A major limitation of the VIP assessment is the lack 
of any theoretical or conceptual rationale described in the 
manujEd for the personality types defined, the questions 
included in the assessment, and the occupations listed as 
consistent with edch personality type. Also, except for the 
listing of other characteristics rented in user responses, 
users are merely classified accordhig to one personality 
type, with no indication of how closely their responses 
corre^xxid to that ty^ * ^ no profile of scores indicating 
^:gree of correspondence with other types. Even more 
significant is the complete lack of any reliability or 
vrJidity information in the VIP manual; thus, no 
information is provided regarding the stability of results 
or any assurance that performance ha^ any .meaning 
whatsoever in relation to working style preferences and 
career decision making. 

It is uiuortunate that a paper-and-; :;ncil version is not 
available, as the computer-based vr lon would seem to 
have only limited advantages in terms of user motivation 
and ease of soMing and report prq>aration. 

In summary, the VIP assessment is fast, simple, and 
easy tjo use, and is accompanied by hel;>ru* c*u*s n^oom and 
/juidance activities and supporting maieriais. Given the 
language used and some of the situations posed in 
assessment questions, the VIP assessment might be most 
appropriately used with adults who have good language 
skills, some prior votk experience, and an orientation 
toward higher level occupations. An important 
consideration in the use. of th^ system is the lack nf 
information regarding reil:.bility and validity and the 
underlying theoretical and conceptual rationale. 
Considering these limitations, the emphasis given in the 
manu.<>\ to the role of service providers in interpreting 
asses, eni information would seem particularly 
important Ir fact, rather than viewing the VIP as an 
assessment device it may be better viewed as a tool to 
stimulate thought in facilitating career education and 
guidance activities. 



360 



VOCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS OF PERSONALITY, JR. O^P, JR.) 



Publisher: Talent Assessment Inc.. PO. Box 5087, Jacksonvi^e, FL 32247-5087 

Author: Jill P. Gann and Linda Roebuck 

Cost: $595.00 

Hp^ dware: Ajqrfe n (128K) (x IBM XT, or ccHnpatiUe 

Settmg: Upper elementary, middle, or junior high school 

Reviewer: Marie E. Young, Cowdinator, Graduate Program in Counseling, Stetson University, Deland, FL 



VIP, Jn was examined on the Apple lie with one disk 
drive. It is a career planning package that is based on the 
pren.i^ that knowledge of one's personality is important 
in terms of choosing a career and also in job performance 
and satis£BCtioa. It is intended for students beginning a 
career seaich. The program has duee basic phj^: (l)test 
administration, scoring and incopretation; (2) associated 
guidance activities; and (3) expkxation of occupations. 

In Phase One the student completes a 65-question 
personality assessment test which takes about twenty 
minutes, llie personality types which result m based on 
Jungian theory. In this respect, the test is similar to the 
Myers-Briggs I^iie Indicator which is an adult personality 
test. The number of types for the VIP» Jn has been 
reduced from 16 to 8 and they have been given new 
names such as "Purist," TorecMer," and "Socializer," 
instead of the more technical termin^ogj' of the Myers- 
Briggs. Each question on the test has three possible 
answers. An audiotape version of the test is included in 
the accompanying materials for visuaily-imp^&ired 
individuals. A student may change the answer to the last 
question asked and can slop the test and finish it later. The 
user must bring the disk to the counsek>r fix scoring the 
test and printing the report. r.iere are no graphics 
associated with the test, a feature which might make die 
65-question process more enjoyable for an elementary 
school student 

All students receive one of eight possiUe computer- 
generated reports based on their personality types. 
Students with the same personality type receive the 
identical report. The report describes the student's 
decision-maldng style, method of processing information, 
and oudines some penality characteristics that might 
influence behavior in school. In addition, the test 
identifies "kindred" and "opposite" types from the 
indK^idual. Presumably, these are individuals who the 
student would find compatible and 3:)compatiUe. Finally, 
a list of careen to explore is printed at the end of the 
report which is based on a match between careers and 
personality type. 

Phase Two of the program consists of guidance 
activities for the classroom. It is possible for stuctents to 
bring their computer-genentted rqx)rts to a group setting 
and gain a bette. understanding of the results. In fact, the 
manual indicates that the computer assessment was not 



designed to be used alone. There are overhead 
tranquurencies provided along with an accompanying text 
and several associated classroom exercises to reiitforce 
the materials on the computer printout 

In Phase Three, students examine the computer- 
generated list of care^ categc^es based on the twelve 
interest areas of the Guide for Occupational Exploration 
from the Dquutment of Ldbor. These career areas are 
tmad and are not designed to help an individual narrow 
down a career, but rather to explore possibilities. 
Typically, the list involves as many as sixty possible 
careers. Individuals who want to leam more about a 
career can complete career exptoration activities using 
lilmuy resources sudi as the Dictionary of Occupational 
Titles and the program manual which describes the 
occupations in terms of physicaT demands, environmental 
conditions, maih, language, and special vocational 
preparation. This information might be mart usable if 
included on the printout 

Overall, VIP Jr could be (.described as a personality 
test with associated career planning materials. While the 
theoretical base for die test may be sound, no information 
is given as to the reliability or validity of the test. 
However, the manual does indicate that the package was 
field-tested for over five years. Th'^.oretically, the test 
makes sense and features well-^ Jtten materials that 
school counseling will like because th^ are adapted to 
classroom guidance activities. One criticism of the 
accompanying materials is that they are staik black and 
white. The paucity of color and lack of graphics seem to 
be important missing ingredients to make this package 
attractive tor the intended age groiq). The manual of more 
ttian 100 pages, program, and backup disks, ludiotapes 
and overheads come in an {^tractive vinyl carrying case 
whkh helps to organize the package. 

The ?iiuor drawback of VIP, Jr. is that it genmites 
only eighi possible outputs and does not individualize. In 
addition, no information about careers is given on the 
printou:. except a name and a number. On ^he positive 
side, this kind of activity makes sense for a younger 
student who should be exploring, rather than narrowing 
down his/her search to one or two occupations. It is the 
kind of package diat should involve die counsekK wiUi the 
student as contrasted widi those which are designed to 
provide specific information to die student woricing alone. 



Q Software for Career Counseling 

ERIC 



361 



WOMEN OF INFLUENCE 



Publisher: Wintegreen Software. lOlOShennan Ave.,P.O.Box 1229, Madison, WI 53701-1229 

Author: Bruce Roscove 

Cost: $69.00 

Hsrdwarr: Apple n with ASK or IBM with 1 28K 

Setting: Middle school, high school, community college, agency/oHnmunity counseling, library 

Reviewer: Lmy O. Ascher, Counsdor, McNair Middle School, Cocoa, FL 



Women of Influener was evaluated primarily on an 
Apple He with 128K, 80 column card, monochrome 
monitor and Imagewriter printer. The viewers ranged 
from middle school students to adults. Tlie IBM version 
was used briefly on a Panasor k 286 widi a orior gr^cs 
card, numing MS-DOS and a dot matrix printer. 

The olijjective of Women of Infloence is to raise an 
individual's awareness regarding fht contributions of 
twenty American women of the bite ninetetnth and eariy 
twentieth centuries. The significance of their 
contributions is oftoT; neglecled in a traditional history 
course. The intent is thai du ^iicieased awareness will be 
useful to the individual in making personal career 
decisions. 

Women of Infhience first gives the user a menu of 
seven options: Instructions, Background Informaticm, 
Start the Quiz, To See the Women's Stories, Student 
Feedback, Continue Quiz, and End. The foundation of the 
program is the Quiz. The reader is given a brief 
de8crq)tk» of one of the women's contributions and aslttd 
U) select the conect name from four chcrices taken from 
the twenty women covered in the program. If the user 
responds correctly, the conect answer is noted and the 
user is given the option of reading that individual's story 
or proceeding to the next question. If an incorrect answer 
is given, a brief statement giving some information about 
the woman chosen is presented. The information is linked 
to the question asked making wrong answers a learning 
situation. The user dien has the option of reading the story 
of the chosen mdividual, of seefig the name of the correct 
choice or of selecting again. The questions are 
randomized each time ihe game is restarted, so that 
di&jrent students will not g die same quiz. 

The linking ot information to que^ions and answers 
in Women of laflnencc deems to keq) user's interest and 
motivation. Women of infloence is recommended for use 
widi midde schod age through adult Even though much 
textual material is presented on screen, average middle 
school students were abk to use die program with little or no 
assistance. Students widi tower reading skills may need 
some sqjport to comprehend die text The stories of die 
twenty women are written in a dear and interesting man- 
ner. Some puncmation errors exist in die text, but diey did 
not seem to adversely affect the reader's conqprehension. 



After realing a story on die screen, the student is 
given the optiat of printing the story. The formatting of 
the printout is the weakest feature of die program. The 
stories are presented on die screen in less than forty 
characters across; this is appropriate for screen 
presentation as it increases die readability. However, die 
printout is in the same forty character format. The 
students did not seem to mind aldiough it does waste 
paper. 

The user has die ability to quit the program only from 
the menu and can only return to the menu at specific 
points in die progress of the prognm. 

The time equirements for studer.!s to use Women of 
Influence varies aldiough die publisher suggests fifiieen to 
thirty minutes for each use. This seemed to be consistent 
widi die time students spmt widi it However, students 
who were passing by seemed to enjoy using it for just a 
brief period of time and would gun even firom a limited 
exposure. 

In die Background Information phase ot Women of 
Influence, the screens are cluttered with the text The 
screens on the Apple version would on occasion show 
random cursor movement and characters. The IBM 
version did not se^i to have diis problem. In spite of 
diese technical problems, students needed little or no 
encoura^^ent to proceed. The use of a constant format 
allowed students to become comfoitable quickly. Wom^ 
of Influence ran welt both on the Apple He and the 
Panasonic. The prograiu handles incorrect keying well 
and cannot be crashed without resetting die computer. 

The manual that comes with the program is brief 
(thirty-one pages) and well organized with some useful 
suggestions and references for a teacher who might wish 
to use Women of Influence. 

Women of Influence is a good tool to use in a very 
specific area. Studr.nts enjoyed using it and gained 
specific information. It is not clear whether this new 
knr<wledfe will indeed generalize in such a way diat it 
will he^ widi career decisiais. However, die informatkm 
contained is quite valuable in itself and very vppmpnatt 
fot die intended pqmlation. Women of Influence could 
be used successadly in a litouy for general information 
or learning center in a classroom as a vital addition k; a 
nonsexist hisavy curriculum 



WORKING: TODAY AND TOMORROW 



Publisher: EMC Publishing, Changing Times Education Service, 300 York Ave., St. Paul, MN SS 101 

Author: Kathryn Tbrwilliger 

Cost: Unavailable 

Hardware: Af^e n series cr IBM PC with 48K 

SetUng: High school counseling department 

Reviewer: Richard Dawley, Counsel, Milwaukee Public Schods, ?vlilwaukee, WI 



Working: IMay and Tomorrow is a unique and 
useful computer-assisted junseling tool to supplement 
classroom discusskxis. it was tesied on Ap[At lie and Uc 
computers using 6ch and 7th graders. The fiactcMrs include: 

1. User friendly with conunon computer k^ing and 
commands 

2. Very interactive and responsive 

3. Builds positive responses to student's answers 
and dedsiais to the point of being therapeutic 

4. Personalized by printing user's name throughout 

5. Encourages self-esteem through its positive 
support 

6. Emphasizes a "winning** thinking style 

7 Reinforces edi^cation as the ingredient for job 
and career sui.^. 

8. Is "gamey** or strategy oriented and fi'n 

9. Canies a thread of one's "style" or [^.sonality as 
it relates to career decisions ai d job hunting 

10. Provides real-life decision making siuiaticms and 
simulations 

. Offers help opticms, tutoring, review, and backup 
conunands 

12. Is appealing and has excellent graphics, layout, 
and variety 

13. Gives personalized general predictions of clit nt's 
style and career or job success 

14. (Mentation to computer spreadsheet i4)plication 
in budget making 

15. Prints a resume from personal data input 

16. IssupplemenUltoatextbodcforcIassuse 

The only fault found by the reviewer was some 
difficulty in making cmections on the resume prq)aiation 
activity; it prints with the mistakes. 

Disk #1 is "Exploring Job Ot>tions," and includes two 
activities: (1) a self-assessment of one's "style" or 
personality in four categories; a) friendly, ) logical, (c) 
dominant and (d) creative as well as ccabinations of 
these and (2) "Follow the Trail Blazers" which simulates 



jobs as (a) teacher, (b) computer programmer, (c) 
salesman and (d) chef. The interaction of one's "style" and 
behavior in these careers is emphasized, and predictions 
are made and printouts available to record job preferences 
duit parallel one's "style." 

Di.sk »2 t "The Job Hunt." It includes steps in 
q)plying for a 'lb application, resumes, cover letters, 
dress and grooming. Analyzing a company's "style" 
carries over from Disk #1. Interviewing simulations with 
situations in real-life interviews challenges the user's 
decision making skills. Extensive samples are on s^de 
two. 

Disk #3, "On The Job," presents simulations in 
conflict resolution and emptoys a role-playing qyproach. 
Four careers are used; legal assistant, accountant, 
management trainee and retail salesperson. 

Disk #4, "On Your Own Money," simulates financial 
planning and the impact of one's lifestyle on it. One 
exercise is with limitless mOiiey and one with more 
realistic limited money. It is "gamey," challenging and 
fun, but reinforces the responsible planning, buyiug, 
resource use and decision making required to live within 
one's means. 

Disk #5, "Personal Money Manager," simulates 
budget management/making and provides a computer 
spreadsheet experience. A printout provides the results 
and can be saved to disk for later revisions. 

Although this excellent program was designed as a 
teacher's supplem' to a textbodk, Worktaig: Today and 
Tomorrow, I see it also as a computer-assist counseling 
tool. As I sat beside counselees using the program, I 
fom^ tbcm interacting freely with both the computer and 
counsetor. They would have interacted very differently in 
a face-to-face interview. Student decision making was 
clearly evident, values exposed and priorities exhibited in 
an unfolding autobiographical style. Such real-life 
simulation observations may become ar innovative test 
substitute for assessing untestable strengthi^ in our clients. 



Software for Career Counseling 



3Gl 



363 



Software for 
Academic Advising 




BUILDING MEMORY SKILLS 



Publisher: Microcomputer Educatiwial Frograms, 1 57 S. Kalamazoo Mall, Suite 250, Kalamazoo, MI 49007 

Author: Pamela J. Froum 

Cost: $69.95 

Setting: Apple series and IBM computer 

Revitiver: Barbara A. Crofts Counselor, Bloom Carroll Local Schools, Carroll, OH 



Building Memory Sliills is a computer program 
designed to introduce the user to sIxHt term mem(mzation 
skills using a 4-stq> process: (1, /attention, (2) Interest, 
(3) Organization, and (4) Practice. The program is 
d^gned to be used by parsons wiA at least a sixth-grade 
rea(Ung level The gFq)hics are age approimate fw jumor 
high and high school students. Program goals, as stated in 
the manual fof BuUding Memory Skills, are to introdiKx 
students to the principles of memorization, to provide 
practice in using memory methods, and to improve the 
student's ability to remember materials. These goals are 
obtained through a 3-pait pn^gram which includes a pre- 
test and post-test 

The user may begin with the Introduction if he/she is 
unfamiliar with the program. In this Introduction, the 
acronym, AIOP (Attention, Interest, Organization, 
Practice), is introduced as a tool for menK»ization. There 
are five sections that deal directly with increasing 
memory capacity called: "Work Ktys," "Quests," 
"Images," "Sense Hights," and "Mind Maps." "Keys" 
shows the user how to highlight key w(xds in a sentence 
so that the entire sentence is remembered. "Quest" 
encourages the user to find something of inteiest in the 
seiu:ted memory material and use that interest as the key 
to memory development A more complete explanation of 
how to do this is necessary fof die younger users if they 
are unable to find their interest "Images" uses visual 
imagery as a means of association of material needed to 
be memcxized. "S^ase Flights" uses the body senses as a 
means of creating association for memory develqmient 
"Mind Maps" asks the user to develop a map using the 
main idea with various subtcq)ics as the sections of the 
map. 

The user is encouraged to take a pre-test before 
banning. Ai the end (rf the program, the user completes 
a post-test and is supposed to compare the results of these 
two tests. However, the program provides no way for the 
user to inint die results of both tests so it is assumed that 
the user remembers how he/she did on the pre-test to 
compare result^ This system does not seem to be a 
particularly effective way of evaluating the use of die 
program if the user has short t^ memory problems. 



Each section of Building Memory Skills uses a 
variety of ways to respond to different questions, 
includhig sentences, a w(xd, or a letter. The user is given 
no instructions as to what type of response is required. In 
addition, if an inccHiect re^nse is given, no audio signal 
is heard by the user. Also, when the rc^sponse to a question 
requires a sentence, the user can even enter a complete 
nonsense :>entence and the program will advance to die 
nevt frame. For younger users this would be a definite 
disadvantage, since diey would have more difficulty using 
die (logiam as a self-teaching method. 

The graphics in each section are vitil to the 
movement of the (mgram from frame to frame. For die 
younger user the time span to complete the graphic for die 
frame is oi such a length that die user could lose interest 
in the material written within the frame. Also, one 
particular frame in "Work Keys" uses a visual diat may b. 
viewed as offensive to some women. 

The accompanying program manual cont'^ms the 
goals and objectives of the program with a brief 
description of the sec ions and teaching strategies to 
accompany the program. No explanation is given as to 
why these particular methods are chosen as the best 
methods for memory development No data are given as 
to the effectiveness of die mediods used in the program to 
enhance memorization skills. This lack of data and the 
lack of sufBcient practice on the skills during program use 
decreases die desirability of Building Memory Skills. If 
sufficient data har* been included in the manual, th 
program could be viewed as an introductory unit to 
memory skills. Without this type of data, the program is 
unable to stand atone as a memory enhancer. In addition, 
die teaching strategies are so simplistic diat it does not 
seem necessary to incbide them in the manual. 

Buildi&g Memory Skills might be of some use to 
educators as an introductCMy tool for a memory unit for a 
small classroom. Building Memory Skills is a good 
teaching tool diat can be strengthened significandy with 
development of die weaV-"^ areas addressed in this reviev. 
If enhanced in future revisions, it would become a 
valuable educational tool. 



Software for Academic Advising 



COLLEGE EXPLORER 



Publisher: The College Board, 45 Columbus Ave.. New Yoric. NY 10023 

Cost: $49.95 

Hardware: IBM PC, XT, AT, and 100% compatibles; Apple He with extended SO^column card, He, IIGS 

Setting: High school, conmiunity college, private counseling practice 

Reviewer: Judith Xnudson, Educational CcHisultant, Gordon/Knudson Associates, Williamsburg, VA 



College Explorer was evaluated on a Panasonic 
Senior Parmer portable computer, an IBM compatible, 
with two floppy disk drives. A letter-quality printer is 
attached to the computer. Three high school students were 
asked to use the program, and their reactions as well as 
those of the reviewer, are part of this evaluation. 

College Explorer is a double disk, self-instructional 
program which allows its user to {Hoceed at his/her own 
pace. It is a college search program designed tc help 
counscl(x^ and students produce a preliminary listing of 
colleges for discussion and further exploration. This 
program also enables the user to check on an individual 
college regardless if it has been selected by the computer. 

Using CMege Explorer, students can build a profile 
from specific college features such as majors and 
locations, then have the computer produce and jmnt the 
profile and the listings of colleges. The program directs 
the individual to the College Handbook (which is 
included with the software) where additional information 
is available. The program includes a tutorial (on disk) that 
explains how to use the progncn. This tutorial may be 
printed for easy access. 

The search program begins by explaining the 
operatira of College Explorer. The student is aUe to 
move through this at his/her own pace. The student has 
the option of examining colleges that offer either 
associate or bacheto degrees. Ine inogram then asks the 
student's preferences in major, locale, college setting, 
whether or not they want a publicly-CM- privately-funded 
institution, religious affdiation, enroUment size, co-ed or 
single sex enrollment, admission requirements, housing 
facilities, academic programs and services, remedial 
programs, services for the handicapped, athletics (both 
intercollegiate and intramural) and student activities. 
There is a help screen that defines each of these cate- 
gories. At this point, the student can review the profile 
and make any desired preference changes. 

The next stq) is the actiial college search. Thd student 
can watch as the computer eliminates schools according 
to his/her individual profile. After searching the desired 
uountry, the computer indicates the number of colleges 
found. The optimum number is between 10 and 30. If 
there are more or less than this number the computer 
screen suggests that the student revise the profile. 



This listing of colleges can then be read on the 
screen, or ininted (if a printer is hooke<l up). A w(»ksheet 
is included in the manua^ for those who do not have 
access to a jmnter. The profile can be copied on one side 
and the list of colleges on the other. 

The studer.. is then able to examine (he brief 
descriptions of the selected colleges on-line. The 
descriptions provide informatira on the the size, cost, 
available financial aid, admissions requirements, and the 
types of degrees offered. This brief description may be 
printed. The {nogram also allows a more in-depth version 
to be printed. This version is :^ery similar to that 
description found in The College Handbook . The longer 
description may not be practical for some counseling 
cent^ because it uses at least two 8 1/2 x 11 sheets of 
paper. The shorter version uses about 1/2 of a single sheet 
of paper and directs the user to the 29)proiHiate page of 
The College Handbook for additional ii^c^mation. 

The program also allows the user to obtam informa- 
tion on spcciGc colleges. Each college has its own code 
number. By using this number the computer is able to 
retrieve either a long or short version of the college 
descriptive summary. 

This third version of College Explorer is more 
advanced than the two previous. It is faster, and has a 
better set of majcws from which t