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Medicinal Orchid Pecteilis susannae (L.) Raf. based Herbal Formulations 
used for Snake Bite in Indian Traditional Healing: Pankaj Oudhia's 
Ethnobotanical Surveys 1990-2012 

Pankaj Oudhia 




Introduction 

As Snake Bite Remedy Medicinal Orchid Pecteilis susannae (L.) Raf. plays important role in Traditional 
Healing of India. The Traditional Healers of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand use it as sure cure for Cobra bite 
whereas the Healers of other states use it for bites of different snake species. Pecteilis susannae (L.) Raf. 
based Herbal Formulations are popular among old and young Healers. Pankaj Oudhia has documented 
this important Traditional Knowledge and presented it in form of scientific report through his Medicinal 
Plant Database. Present document gives glimpses of the report. For details please visit 
http://www.pankajoudhia.com 



Major Ingredients and comments of Traditional Healers of selected Indian States on 
Medicinal Orchid Pecteilis susannae (L.) Raf. based Herbal Formulations used for Snake 
Bite in Indian Traditional Healing- 1 



Herbal 


Traditional 


Traditional 


Traditional 


Traditional 


Ingredients 


Formulations of 


Formulations of 


Formulations of 


Formulations of 





Chhattisgarh 


Orissa 


Jharkhand 


Uttarakhand 


Airi Kand 


TLZO* 


TLPP* 


TLZO* 


TLPP* 


Kodo 


HTPK* 


ASBK* 


TLPP* 


HTPK* 


Kangani 


TLSP* 


ASBK* 


TLGC* 


TLSP* 


Garun 


TGLK* 


PLKG* 


TREK* 


TLPP* 


Patal Garud 


TGLK* 


AAAL* 


TGLK* 


TLSP* 


Sarp Kand 


PLKG* 


ASTK* 


TGLK* 


PLKG* 


Domi Jadi 


TREK* 


ASBK* 


TGLK* 


HTPK* 


Navla Jadi 


PLKG* 


ASTK* 


AAAL* 


HTPK* 


Hanspadi 


ASTK* 


TLGP* 


PLKG* 


HTPK* 


Latkana Jadi 


ASTK* 


TGLK* 


TTBG* 


HTPK* 


Nag Kesar 


ASTK* 


TLGP* 


TLGC* 


TTBG* 


Jeera 


ASTK* 


TLGP* 


HTPK* 


ASTK* 


Peela Dhatura 


ASTK* 


ASTK* 


ASTK* 


TLAC* 


Safed Aak 


ASTK* 


TLGC* 


AAAL* 


TLPP* 


Safed Bhatkatiya 


TTBG* 


TLGP* 


TREK* 


TTBG* 


Safed Doorva 


TLGP* 


ASTK* 


TTBG* 


TLSP* 


Safed Satyanashi 


TLGP* 


TLPP* 


ASTK* 


TLSP* 


Peela Palash 


ASTK* 


TGLK* 


PLKG* 


TLSP* 


Majith 


TTBG* 


ASTK* 


HTPK* 


TLAC* 


Katsaila 


TTBG* 


ASBK* 


PLKG* 


TLPP* 


Haldi 


ASBK* 


TLPP* 


TLAC* 


TLPP* 


Jangli Haldi 


TLAC* 


TLGC* 


ASTK* 


TLPP* 


Genchi 


TLAC* 


TGLK* 


AAAL* 


TLPP* 


Kali Haldi 


ASBK* 


TGLK* 


AAAL* 


TLYO* 



Jhagadhin 


ASTK* 


ASTK* 


ASTK* 


TLGP* 


Lirbut Kand 


TLGP* 


TLGP* 


HTPK* 


TLPP* 


Daruhaldi 


ASBK* 


TLAC* 


PLKG* 


TLPP* 


Bans 


ASBK* 


TLGP* 


ASTK* 


TLPP* 


Neela Ghamira 


ASBK* 


ASTK* 


TLPP* 


TLAC* 


Nimbu Jadi 


ASBK* 


ASTK* 


AAAL* 


HTPK* 


Dronpusphi 


AAAL* 


TGLK* 


ASTK* 


HTPK* 


Mohini 


AAAL* 


TGLK* 


HTPK* 


HTPK* 


Keonti 


AAAL* 


AAAL* 


PLKG* 


ASBK* 


Kusum 


TLYO* 


ASTK* 


TLYO* 


ASBK* 


Mahua 


TLYO* 


ASBK* 


ASBK* 


ASBK* 


Neem 


TLZO* 


TLGC* 


TLZO* 


TLYO* 


Bhuineem 


TLPP* 


TGLK* 


HTPK* 


HTPK* 


Dongar 
Bhuineem 


TGLK* 


ASTK* 


TLZO* 


ASTK* 


Hurhur 


TGLK* 


ASTK* 


PLKG* 


TLZO* 


Sonpatha 


TGLK* 


ASTK* 


HTPK* 


TLZO* 


Padri 


TGLK* 


ASTK* 


HTPK* 


ASTK* 


Musacani 


HTPK* 


TLGC* 


TLZO* 


TLZO* 


Bela Naar 


HTPK* 


TLZO* 


HTPK* 


ASTK* 


Keu Kand 


TLGC* 


HTPK* 


ASBK* 


TLZO* 


Mundiari Jadi 


PLKG* 


TLPP* 


ASBK* 


TLGC* 


Cheeta Punchhi 


AAAL* 


AAAL* 


PLKG* 


AAAL* 


Kochila 


PLKG* 


ASTK* 


ASBK* 


ASTK* 


Ulatkahua 


PLKG* 


ASTK* 


ASBK* 


TLGC* 


Kathpipal 


PLKG* 


HTPK* 


ASBK* 


AAAL* 



Atayan 


ASTK* 


ASTK* 


ASBK* 


PLKG* 



• Traditional Healers comments were categorised in more than 300 categories. For complete index 
for codes please see the complete report at http://www.pankajoudhia.com 



Major Ingredients and comments of Traditional Healers of selected Indian States on 
Medicinal Orchid Pecteilis susannae (L.) Raf. based Herbal Formulations used for 
Snake Bite in Indian Traditional Healing-2 



Herbal 
Ingredients 


Traditional 
Formulations of 
Madhya Pradesh 


Traditional 
Formulations of 
Maharashtra 


Traditional 
Formulations of 
Andhra Pradesh 


Traditional 
Formulations of 
Gujarat 


Airi Kand 


rl 1 r Ix 


TT 7n* 


A A AT * 


T-TTPT^* 
rl 1 r Ix p 


JVOUO 


rl 1 r Ix 


TT <2P* 
1 Lor 


TT A f* 
1 LAL 


TT 7H* 
1 LZAJ 


Kangani 


1 LAL 


TT CP* 
1 Lor 


A A A T * 


I I i i } 1/ 
n 1 rlx 


Garun 


1 LAL, 


A A AT * 
AAAL 


A A AT * 


T-TTPT^* 
rl 1 r Ix 


d, , * , , i ...... ,i 

ratal iraruu 


TT A P* 
1 LAL 


A A A T * 


TT A P* 


TT 

ILI LJ 


Sarp Kand 


1 ULa 


TT 7Hv 


TT A P* 
1 LAL. 


TT vn* 
ILI LJ 


Domi Jadi 


TPT 1Z* 

1 LjLIx 


TT 7n* 


TT A f* 
1 LAL. 


TT CP* 
1 Lor 


Navla Jadi 


TGLK* 


TLZO* 


TLAC* 


TREK* 


Hanspadi 


TLZO* 


TLZO* 


TREK* 


TLSP* 


Latkana Jadi 


PLKG* 


PLKG* 


TLZO* 


TLYO* 


Nag Kesar 


PLKG* 


TLAC* 


TLAC* 


TLYO* 


Jeera 


TLZO* 


PLKG* 


TLAC* 


TLYO* 


Peela Dhatura 


TLAC* 


TLZO* 


TLAC* 


TLYO* 


Safed Aak 


PLKG* 


TLGC* 


TLYO* 


TREK* 


Safed Bhatkatiya 


TLZO* 


TLGC* 


TLZO* 


TLSP* 


Safed Doorva 


TLZO* 


TLGC* 


TLSP* 


TREK* 



Safed Satyanashi 


TLZO* 


TLSP* 


TREK* 


TLPP* 


Peela Palash 


TLZO* 


TREK* 


TLZO* 


TLAC* 


Majith 


TLZO* 


TLAC* 


TLZO* 


TLAC* 


Katsaila 


TLGC* 


TLYO* 


TLZO* 


TLAC* 


Haldi 


TLGC* 


TLYO* 


TLZO* 


TLAC* 


Jangli Haldi 


TREK* 


TLYO* 


TTBG* 


TLAC* 


Genchi 


TREK* 


TLYO* 


TLAC* 


TLPP* 


Kali Haldi 


TLZO* 


TLZO* 


TLZO* 


TLGP* 


Jhagadhin 


TLZO* 


TLGC* 


TLZO* 


TLGP* 


Lirbut Kand 


TREK* 


TTBG* 


TLZO* 


TLGP* 


Daruhaldi 


TREK* 


TLSP* 


TLSP* 


TLPP* 


Bans 


TGLK* 


TLGP* 


TLAC* 


TLPP* 


Neela Ghamira 


TLYO* 


TLGP* 


TLAC* 


TREK* 


Nimbu Jadi 


TLYO* 


TLZO* 


TLGC* 


TLZO* 


Dronpusphi 


TLYO* 


TLZO* 


TTBG* 


TREK* 


Mohini 


TLYO* 


TLZO* 


TTBG* 


TLSP* 


Keonti 


TLPP* 


TLZO* 


TLAC* 


TLSP* 


Kusum 


TLPP* 


TLZO* 


TLAC* 


TLSP* 


Mahua 


TLGP* 


TLPP* 


TLYO* 


TLSP* 


Neem 


TLGP* 


TLPP* 


TLYO* 


TREK* 


Bhuineem 


TLGP* 


TTBG* 


TLYO* 


TLSP* 


Dongar 
Bhuineem 


TLGP* 


TLPP* 


TLYO* 


TTBG* 


Hurhur 


HTPK* 


TLAC* 


TLYO* 


TTBG* 


Sonpatha 


TLGP* 


TLZO* 


TLSP* 


TTBG* 


Padri 


TLGP* 


TLSP* 


TLZO* 


TTBG* 



Musacani 


TLGP* 


TLAC* 


TLZO* 


TLYO* 


Bela Naar 


TLGC* 


TLZO* 


TTBG* 


TREK* 


Keu Kand 


TLGC* 


TLGP* 


TLYO* 


TREK* 


Mundiari Jadi 


TLGC* 


TLGC* 


TLYO* 


TREK* 


Cheeta Punchhi 


AAAL* 


ASTK* 


TLYO* 


PLKG* 


Kochila 


PLKG* 


TLYO* 


AAAL* 


AAAL* 


Ulatkahua 


HTPK* 


TLYO* 


TLZO* 


HTPK* 


Kathpipal 


TLZO* 


HTPK* 


HTPK* 


PLKG* 


Atayan 


AAAL* 


PLKG* 


AAAL* 


PLKG* 



• Traditional Healers comments were categorised in more than 300 categories. For complete index 
for codes please see the complete report at http://www.pankajoudhia.com 



Rating on Medicinal Orchid Pecteilis susannae (L.) Raf. based Herbal Formulations (from 
Orissa) used for Snake Bite by the Traditional Healers of Chhattisgarh after three years of 
Trials on Hundreds of patients. (Rating 1 to 10; 1 -Least Effective, 10- Very Effective) 



Orissa 

Formulations/Rating 
by Healers 


Rating by Traditional 
Healers of 
Chhattisgarh Plains 


Rating by Traditional 
Healers of North 
Chhattisgarh 


Rating by Traditional 
Healers of Bastar 


Traditional 
Formulation No.l 


8 


6 


7 


Traditional 
Formulation No.2 


6 


8 


7 


Traditional 
Formulation No.3 


5 


6 


6 


Traditional 
Formulation No.4 


6 


6 


6 


Traditional 
Formulation No.5 


6 


7 


5 



1 I dill LlUIlctl 

Formulation No.6 


7 
/ 



o 


7 


' 1 l*0/llI"lfWl ol 

1 ictill LlUIlctl 

Formulation No.7 






7 


i r<tui Liuiicti 
Formulation No.8 


7 
/ 


7 
/ 


j 


1 r dUl LlUIlctl 

Formulation No.9 




fx 


/; 
u 


T r°, H i t i nn st 1 

x i am Liuiicti 

Formulation No. 10 


7 


7 


6 


Traditional 
Formulation No. 11 


6 


5 


8 



List of some compatible herbs used in Medicinal Orchid Pecteilis susannae (L.) Raf. based 
Herbal Formulations 

Garcinia morella (Gaertn.) Desr. 

Garcinia papilla Wight 

Garcinia rubro-echinata Kosterm. 

Garcinia spicata (Wight & Arn.) Hook. 

Garcinia talbotii Raiz. ex Sant 

Garcinia travancorica Bedd. 

Garcinia wightii T. And. 

Garcinia xanthochymus Hook. f. ex. T. And. 

Hypericum androsaemum L. 

Hypericum humifusum L. 

Hypericum japonicum Thunb. ex Murr. 

Hypericum mysurense Heyne ex Wight & Arn. 

Hypericum patulum Thunb ex Murray 

Hypericum uralum Buch. - Ham. ex D. Don 

Hypericum wightianum Wall, ex Wight & Arn. 



Mammea suriga (Buch. - Ham. ex Roxb.) Kosterm. 
Mesua ferrea L. subsp. ferrea 

Mesua ferrea L. subsp. pulchella (Planch. & Triana) Vesque var. pulchella 

Mesua ferrea L. subsp. pulchella (Planch. & Triana) Vesque var. coromandeliana (Wight) Mahesh. 

Poeciloneuron indicum Bedd. 

Poeciloneuron pauciflorum Bedd. 

Camellia japonica L. 

Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze 

Eurya nitida Korth 

Gordonia obtusa Wall ex Wight Arn. 

Schima wallichii (DC.) Korth 

Ternstroemia japonica (Thunb.) Thunb. 

Saurauia fasciculata Wall. 

Saurauia napaulensis DC. 

Stachyurus himalaicus Hook. f. & Thorns, ex Benth. 

Dipterocarpus indicus Bedd. 

Hopea erosa (Bedd.) van Sloot. 

Hopea glabra Wight & Arn. 

Hopea parviflora Bedd. 

Hopea ponga (Dennst.) Mabberley 

Hopea utilis (Bedd.) Bole 

Shorea roxburghii G. Don. 

Vateria indica L. 

Ancistrocladus heyneanus Wall, ex Graham 
Abelmoschus angulosus Wall ex Wight & Arn. 
Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench 



Abelmoschus ficulneus (L.) Wight & Arn. 
Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medicus 

Abelmoschus moschatus Medicus subsp. tuberosus (Span.) Borss.Waalk 

Abutilon crispum (L.) Medicus 

Abutilon hirtum (Lam.) Sweet 

Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet subsp. indicum 

Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet subsp. guineense (Schumach.) Borssum 

Abutilon megapotamicum (Spreng.) Mill. & Naud. 

Abutilon neilgherrense Munro ex Wight 

Abutilon pannosum (Forst. f.) Schlect 

Abutilon persicum (Burm. F.) Merr. 

Abutilon ramosum (Cav.) Guill. & Perr. 

Abutilon striatum Dickson ex Lindl. 

Abutilon theophrastii Medicus 

Alcea rosea L. 

Decaschistia crotonifolia Wight & Arn. 

Decaschistia rufa Craib 

Gossypium arboreum L. 

Gossypium barbadense L. 

Gossypium herbaceum L. 

Gossypium hirsutum L. 

Hibiscus canescens Heyne ex Wight & Arn. 

Hibiscus cannabinus L. 

Hibiscus furcatus Willd. 

Hibiscus hirtus L. 

Hibiscus lobatus (Murr.) Kuntze 



Hibiscus lunariifolius Willd. 

Hibiscus mutabilis L. 

Hibiscus micranthus L.f. 

Hibiscus panduriformis Burm. 

Hibiscus platanifolius (Willd.) Sweet 

Hibiscus radiatus Cav. 

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. 

Hibiscus sabdariffa L. 

Hibiscus schizopetalus (Mast.) Hook. 

Hibiscus surattensis L. 

Hibiscus syriacus L. 

Hibiscus tiliaceus L. 

Hibiscus trionum L. 

Hibiscus vitifolius L. 

Kydia calycina Roxb. 

Malachra capitata (L.) L. 

Malva parviflora L. 

Malva sylvestris L. 

Malva verticillata L. 

Malvastrum coromandelianum (L.) Garcke 
Malvaviscus arboreus Cav. var. arboreus 

Malvaviscus arboreus Dill ex Cav. var. penduliflorus (DC.) Schery 
Modiola caroliniana (L.) G. Don 
Pavonia odorata Willd. 

Pavonia procumbens (Wall ex. Wight & Arn.) Walp. 
Pavonia zeylanica (L.) Cav. 



Plagianthus pulchellus A. Gray 

Sida acuta Burm.f. 

Sida cordata (Burm. f.) Borssum 

Sida cordifolia L. 

Sida mysorensisWight & Arn. 

Sida rhombifolia L. var. rhombifolia 

Sida rhombifolia L. var. retusa (L.) Borss. 

Sida schimperiana Hochst. 

Sida spinosa L. 

Thespesia lampas (Cav.) Dalz. ex Dalz. & Gibs 

Thespesia populnea (L.) Soland ex Correa 

Urena lobata L. subsp. lobata 

Urena lobata L. subsp. sinuata (L.) Borssum 

Adansonia digitata L. 

Bombax ceiba L. 

Bombax ellipticum Kunth 

Bombax insigne Wall. 

Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn. 

Chorisia speciosa St. Hil. 

Cullenia exarillata Robyns 

Durio zibethinus DC. 

Byttneria herbacea Roxb. 

Cola acuminata (P. Beauv.) Schott & Endlicher 

Dombeya acutangula Cav. 

Dombeya burgessiae Gerr. ex Harv. 

Dombeya mastersii Hook. 



Dombeya mollis Hook. 

Dombeya platanifolia Boj. 

Dombeya spectabilis Boj. 

Dombeya wallichii (Lindl.) K. Schum. 

Eriolaena hookeriana Wight & Arn. 

Eriolaena lushingtonii Dunn 

Eriolaena quinquelocularis (Wight & Arn.) Wight 

Eriolaena stocksii Hook. f. & Thorns. 

Firmiana colorata (Roxb.) R. Br. 

Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. 

Helicteres isora L. 

Heritiera papilio Bedd. 

Hildegardia populnifolia (Roxb.) Schott & Endl. 
Kleinhovia hospita L. 
Leptonychia moacurroides Bedd. 

Melhania balakrishnanii K.Ravik, R.Ganesan & K.Ramamurthy 

Melhania cannabina Wight ex Mast. 

Melhania hamiltoniana Wall. 

Melhania incana Heyne ex Wight & Arn. 

Melochia corchorifolia L. 

Melochia nodiflora Sw. 

Melochia pyramidata L. 

Pentapetes phoenicea L. 

Pterospermum acerifolium (L.) Willd. 

Pterospermum canescens Roxb. 

Pterospermum diversifolium Blume 



Pterospermum obtusifolium Wight ex Mast. 

Pterospermum reticulatum Wight & Arn. 

Pterospermum rubiginosum Heyne ex Wight & Arn. 

Pterospermum xylocarpum (Gaertn.) Sant. & Wagh 

Pterygota alata (Roxb.) R. Br. 

Sterculia balanghas L. 

Sterculia foetida L. 

Sterculia guttata Roxb. ex DC. 

Sterculia urens Roxb. 

Sterculia villosa Roxb. ex DC. 

Theobroma cacao L. 

Waltheria indica L. 

Berrya cordifolia (Willd.) Burret. 

Berrya javanica (Turez.) Burret. 

Corchorus aestuans L. 

Corchorus capsularis L. 

Corchorus fascicularis Lam. 

Corchorus olitorius L. 

Corchorus tridens L. 

Corchorus trilocularis L. 

Corchorus urticifolius Wight & Arn. 

Grewia abutilifolia Juss. 

Grewia abutilifolia Vent, ex Juss. 

Grewia barberi Drumm. 

Grewia bracteata Roth. 

Grewia damine Gaertn. 



Grewia flavescens Juss. 

Grewia gamblei Drumm. 

Grewia heterotricha Mast. 

Grewia hirsuta Vahl. 

Grewia lanceaefolia Roxb. 

Grewia nervosa (Lour.) Panigr. 

Grewia oppositifolia Buch - Ham ex Roxb. 

Grewia orbiculata Rottl. 

Grewia orientalis L. 

Grewia pandaica Drumm. 

Grewia rhamnifolia Heyne ex Roth 

Grewia rothii DC. 

Grewia serrulata DC. 

Grewia tenax (Forsk.) Fiori 

Grewia tiliifolia Vahl. 

Grewia umbellifera Bedd. 

Grewia villosa Willd. 

Muntingia calabura L. 

Triumfetta annua L. 

Triumfetta pentandra A. Rich 

Triumfetta pilosa Roth 

Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq. 

Triumfetta rotundifolia Lam. 

Elaeocarpus amoenus Thw. 

Elaeocarpus blascoi Weibeln 

Elaeocarpus lanceifolius Roxb. 



Elaeocarpus munronii (Wight) Mast. 

Elaeocarpus recurvatus Comer 

Elaeocarpus rugosus Roxb. 

Elaeocarpus serratus L. 

Elaeocarpus glandulosus Wall, ex Merr. 

Elaeocarpus tuberculatus Roxb. 

Elaeocarpus venustus Bedd. 

Hugonia mystax L. 

Linum mysurense Heyne ex Benth. 

Linum usitatissimum L. 

Reinwardtia indica Dumort. 

Erythroxylum coca Lam. 

Erythroxylum lanceolatum (Wight) Walp. 

Erythroxylum monogynum Roxb. 

Erythroxylum moonii Hochr. 

Erythroxylum obtusifolium (Wight) Hook. 

Aspidopterys canarensis Dalz. 

Aspidopterys indica (Roxb.) Hochr. 

Galphimia gracilis Bartl. 

Hiptage benghalensis (L.) Kurz 

Hiptage obtusifolia DC. 

Hiptage parvifolia Wight & Arn. 

Malpighia coccigera L. 

Malpighia glabra L. 

Malpighia heternantha Wight 

Malpighia punicifolia L. 



Tristellateia australasiae A. Rich. 
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del. 
Fagonia cretica L. 
Guaiacum officinale L. 
Tribulus lanuginosis L. 

Tribulus subramanii P. Singh, Giri & V. Singh 
Citation 

Oudhia, Pankaj (2012). Medicinal Orchid Pecteilis susannae (L.) Raf. based Herbal Formulations used 
for Snake Bite in Indian Traditional Healing: Pankaj Oudhia' s Ethnobotanical Surveys 1990-2012. 
www.pankaioudhia.com 

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