Skip to main content

Full text of "Asia Pacific Fire (2007)"

See other formats


PACIFIC FIRE PROTECTION AND FIRE SERVICE INDUSTRY 








l/min Where You Want It! 






i/mm 


Fixed, Selectable 
or Automatic 


600 - 8000 l/min 
Fixed, Selectable or Automatic 


§M®od dOGoBto 

Flow 4500 l/min 
with or without foam 



2800 East Evans Avenue, Valparaiso, IN 46383-6940 USA 
International + 1 .219.548.4000 • www.tft.com • intsales@tft.com 


AUSTRALIA 

Gaam Emergency Products-AU 
Phone: 61394661244 
Fax : 61394664743 
iprice@tycoint.com 
www.gaam.com.au 


CHINA 

Shanghai Jin De Industry 
Phone: 862136050599 
Fax: 862136055599 
sjinde@163.com 
www.sjinde.com 

HONG KONG 

Rotter International Ltd. 
Phone: 85227517770 
Fax: 85227562051 
jacky@rotter.com. hk 
www.rotterbiz.com 



INDONESIA 

Pt Palmas Entraco 
Phone: 6221384 1681 
Fax: 6221380 2660 
sales@palmas.co.id 

JAPAN 

Yone Corporation 
Phone: 81758211185 
Fax: 81758012263 
t.yone@myad.jp 
www.yone-co.co.jp 

MALAYSIA 

CME Technologies SDN BHD 
Phone: 60356331188 
Fax: 60356343838 
khairi@cme.com. my 
www.cme.com.my 



NEW ZEALAND 

Tyco Safety Products 
Phone: 6445608127 
Fax: 6498270844 
tsp.sales.nz@tycoint.com 
www.tycoservices.co.nz 

PHILIPPINES 

Alliance Industrial Sales 
Phone: 6328908818 
Fax: 6328960083 
alliancejcy@pacific.net. ph 

SINGAPORE 

S.K. Fire Pte. Ltd. 

Phone: 6568623155 
Fax : 6568620273 
houchin@skfire.com 
www.skfire.com 



For excellent quality fire fighting equipment visit www.tft.com and call your local distributor for a demonstration. 
Display equipment, literature and digital data can be obtained by contacting your trained TFT distributor. 


TAIWAN 

Yone Corporation 
Phone: 81758211185 
Fax: 81758012263 
t.yone@myad.jp 
www.yone-co.co.jp 

THAILAND 

Anti-fire Co., Ltd. 
Phone: 66 2 259-6898 
Fax: 66 2 258-2422 
sithichai@antifire.com 
www.antifire.com 



TASK FORCE TIPS 


FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT 











March 2007 
issue 21 



Firefighters participate in a fire drill at a 
train in Seoul. Picture courtesy of 
Reuters/Lee Jae-Won (South Korea) 


Publishers 

Mark Seton & David Staddon 

Editorial Contributors 

Clifford Jones, Michael Mills, Dave 
Coverdale, Paul Gibson, Brendon 
Morris, Susan Bang, Roger 
Weinmeister, Paul Spooner 

APF is published quarterly by: 

MDM Publishing Ltd 

The Abbey Manor Business Centre, 

The Abbey, Preston Road, 

Yeovil, Somerset BA20 2EN, 

United Kingdom 
Tel: +44 (0) 1935 426 428 
Fax: +44 (0) 1935 426 926 
Email: mark.seton@apfmag.com 
Website: www.mdmpublishing.com 

©All rights reserved 


Periodical Postage paid at 
Champlain New York and 
additional offices 
POSTMASTER: Send address 
changes to IMS of New York, 

PO Box 1518 

Champlain NY 12919-1518 
USAUSPS No. (To be confirmed) 


Subscription Rates 

Sterling -£35.00 

AUS Dollars -$100.00 

US Dollars -$70.00 

(Prices include Postage and Packing) 

ISSN- 1476-1386 

DISCLAIMER: 

The views and opinions expressed in 
ASIA PACIFIC FIRE MAGAZINE are not 
necessarily those of MDM Publishing Ltd. 
The magazine and publishers are in no 
way responsible or legally liable for any 
errors or anomalies made within the 
editorial by our authors. All articles 
are protected by copyright and written 
permission must be sought from the 
publishers for reprinting or any form of 
duplication of any of the magazines 
content. Any queries should be addressed 
in writing to the publishers. 

Reprints of articles are available on 
request. Prices on application to the 
Publishers. 

Page design by Dorchester 
Typesetting Group Ltd 
Printed in Singapore 


Contents 



25-29 



41-44 


05 NFPA Foreword 


06-16 News, 
Product Profiles & 
Viewpoints 


19-23 Fire 

Fighting Monitors - 
Selecting the Right 
One for your 
Application 


25-29 Effective 

Fire System warning 
Devices 


31-37 Fire Fighter 

Protection - is 
improved wearer 
Comfort A Trade-Off 
Against Safety? 

38-39 Extrication 

Rescue Education 


41-44 High 

Pressure water Mist 
Improves Tunnel 
Safety 

47-51 ARFF 

Vehicle Roundup 


53-55 Placing 

Fans for Optimum PPV 
Effectiveness 


57-60 ARFF Foams 

Roundup 

63-66 The Thermal 
imaging Camera - A 
Look At The Past, 
Present & Future 


68-75 Distributor 

& Representative 
Office Listing 


76 Advertisers' 
index 



63-66 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


1 






,H ^ a IV]UQJ|||UH 

Worldwide Media 


f.mdmpu 

Introducing our 


Incorporating 


ifpmag.com 

apfmag.com 

iffmag.com 


And much 


THERE IS NO 


MDM Publishing Ltd, The Abbey Manor Business Centre, 

Tel: +44 (0) 1 935 426 428 


blishing.com 



Hi-Tech Portal Site 


Featuring . . . 

• VIRTUAL ELECTRONIC MAGAZINES 

• LIVE REAL PAGE TURNING SOFTWARE 

• FULL PDF FILE DOWNLOADS 

• LIVE LINKS 

• FULL VIRTUAL ARCHIVE OF BACK ISSUES 


much more . . . 

COMPARISON 


The Abbey, Preston Road, Yeovil, Somerset BA20 2EN, UK 
Fax: +44 (0) 1 935 426 926 


www.mdmpublishing.com 



Yqu Require Reliability 
in Your Fire Supression 



FIRETR 


fWE SUPPKtSSgl 

< UAN At 4. NT AtTOMAlK 

^ I MUUIUM!IU.fu« 


the DNLY Tubing 
System that 
can Deliver 


Firetrace offers the ONLY extensively tested systems 
with listings and approvals* from CE, FM, UL.ULC 
and more than 25 other international agencies. 

Do not compromise your reputation by using 
impostor systems. Firetrace is the world leader in 
® linear pneumatic fire suppression, protecting 
J 50,000 vehicles, enclosures and machines J 
over the past 20 years. / 

1 1 j Insist on genuine Firetrace systems 
| ' yJ for proven fire suppression. 


Call +1 480.607.1218 or e-mail info@firetrace.com to see 
why Firetrace is the right solution for your fire protection needs. 


® ® <$> r £ 

IIQTFn IISTFn AP«K>VTD ^ ^ 


LISTED LISTED AP " OVTD 

* Listings and Approvals vary by system and agent 



By Theodore Lemoff 

NFPA's Principal Gas 
Engineer 


FOREWORD 



Foreword 


nfpa codes and standards 


NFPA codes and standards are already being used in India in many areas 
including: suppression, detection, and emergency management; however in the 
last few years we have seen an increased interest for hazardous material storage 
codes. Building engineers, installers, architects, risk managers and the Fire 
Service have all expressed a need for NFPA scientific standards to be used in India 
together with the education in the use of these standards. 


L ast year, as NFPA's Principal Gas Engineer, I presented 
a seminar on Liquefied Natural Gas in Mumbai. The 
seminar was coordinated by a member of the NFPA 
LNG committee in India and sponsored by the Indian 
Chemical Council. Engineers in the energy industry and 
the Director of Explosives of India attended the 
seminar. During a previous visit to India I participated in 
a seminar on propane safety when propane import 
terminals were being proposed in India. 

NFPA, which publishes 300 codes and standards 
used throughout the world, is the publisher NFPA 59A, 
Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling of 
Liguefied Natural Gas. NFPA 59A is adopted by the U. 
S. Government, and used extensively in other countries 
as the standard to which LNG plants are built. 

There has been a very high level of interest in LNG 
worldwide for the last few years. Liquefying natural gas 
provides a practical way to use natural gas found in coun- 
tries with a small demand for the fuel. The liquefied gas 
can be economically shipped to countries that use natural 
gas. When used as a fuel, natural gas offers significant 
environmental advantages over liquid fuels and coal. 

The use of liquefied natural gas is not new. The first 
commercial LNG plant was built in 1941. A number of 
export plants and import terminals were constructed in 
the 1960's, with the majority being in Asia. After a lull of 
about 30 years we are in the middle of a worldwide 
boom in interest in LNG. This boom in interest results 
from increased demand for the fuel in countries that 
have been importing LNG for several decades, new inter- 
est in LNG from countries such as India and China, and 
significantly increased interest in LNG imports into North 
America. As an example, in 2005 North America had 
four LNG import terminals. One has been added, and 44 
others are being considered. While not all these will be 
built, it demonstrates that demand for natural gas in 


North America will no longer be met by local production 
and limited imports, as it had been for many decades. 

LNG terminal safety is of critical importance due to the 
very large quantities stored and the flammability of 
natural gas. The safety experience with LNG terminals 
worldwide up to this point has been excellent; however 
the potential for injury and death to neighbors, while low 
in probability, is significant. The only major LNG accident 
occurred in 1944 at the first LNG plant. A container 
failed, resulting in the spilling of about 4,000 m 3 of LNG, 
a large fire, and over 100 fatalities. The lessons learned 
from the mistakes made in designing this plant have been 
applied to all subsequent LNG plants (demonstrating that 
with knowledge LNG can be a safe fuel alternative). 

The seminar included a review of NFPA 59A that 
highlighted recent safety changes, a review of the 
regulations in the United States for permitting 
proposed LNG terminals, a "case study" following the 
process of permitting a proposed terminal in the State 
of Massachusetts, and a showing of the new film on 
LNG import terminal safety. Based on the interest in 
LNG in India, NFPA and the Indian Chemical Council 
are proposing an international LNG seminar in India 
later this year. The governments of India and the United 
States have indicated support for the conference. 

I invite anyone interested in reviewing NFPA gas 
codes (at no charge) to do so at www.nfpa.org. From 
there you can visit NFPA's document information page, 
www.nfpa.org/aboutthecodes/list_of_codes_and_ 
standards. asp, select the document you want to review 
and scroll down to the heading "Additional information 
about this document" and finally click on the link 
"Preview this document". NFPA is committed to 
enhancing worldwide public safety through the 
voluntary use, adoption and enforcement of its 
consensus-based codes and standards. 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


5 


NEWS 


Tokyo Bosai Setsubi Co. Ltd. 
(TBS) announces partnership 



TOKYO BOSAI SETSUBI CO. LTD. (TBS) of 
Japan announces that it has selected 
Unifire AB of Sweden and Rosenbauer 
International AG of Austria as partners for 
its innovative automatic fire detection and 
extinguishing CAFS system. The system, 
created by TBS, combines a fire detection 
system, a redundant central computer 
command system, Unifire stainless steel 
Force series remote-controlled water/foam 
monitors, thermal (and optional optical) 
cameras mounted on each Force monitor, 
and the Rosenbauer Flash CAFS system for 
added fire extinguishing effectiveness. 

In the event a fire is detected by the fire 
detection system, a signal is sent to the 
systems controlling computer indicating 
the fires general location. The closest 
monitor (or monitors) then immediately 
begins scanning as the thermal imaging 
cameras locate and triangulate the exact 
position of the fire on an x, y, z coordinate 



system. The coordinates of the fire are fed 
back to the controlling computer, which 
then calculates the best trajectory and 
accordingly aims the monitors to cover the 
fire. The entirely mechanical Rosenbauer 
Flash CAFS system then begins discharging 
a compressed air foam solution through 
the monitors, directly onto the fire, 


ANGUS FIRE has released a new DVD 
entitled "Demystifying LNG" that features 
the latest developments in fire fighting 
foam technology for Liquefied Natural Gas. 
Angus Fire is part of UTC Fire & Security, a 
unit of United Technologies Corp. 

The DVD takes an in-depth look at the 
unique hazard posed by LNG and the need 
for specialist fire protection equipment and 
techniques. It features dramatic footage of 
recent large-scale tests carried out by 
Angus Fire and BP at the new world-class 
LNG testing and training facility at Texas 
A&M University. 

In a simulated LNG spillage, high 
expansion foam is shown controlling and 
dispersing flammable vapours safely away 
from potential sources of ignition. Also, in 
a series of huge fire tests, foam is shown 
reducing radiant heat emissions, the 
principal cause of damage from LNG fires. 


without any external power supply. The 
monitor is preprogrammed to oscillate in 
a pattern most effective to cover the 
entire fire, and the nozzle is also 
programmed to effectively vary its spray 
pattern seamlessly between jet and spray. 
The parameters of the monitors oscillation 
and the nozzles spray pattern can be 
programmed to vary according to the size 
and location of the fire, and are fully 
adjustable to meet the customers 
particular needs. 

The system can rapidly extinguish fires 
and limits the spray to the specific area 
where the fire breaks out. It can deploy fully 
automatically or, if desired, either semi- 
automatically or manually with the 
operators prior approval and/or intervention 
at any time. The system is designed to 
endure very harsh environments, including 
by use of the Unifire stainless steel 316 
monitors, and it can be deployed in 
numerous environments such as tunnels, 
underground structures, refuse pits, oil 
tanks, parking garages, on the interior and 
exterior of buildings and warehouses, 
airport arrival halls, and in aircraft hangars, 
to name just a few. 

For more information, contact: 

Roger Barrett James 

Director of International Sales & Marketing 
UNIFIRE AB 
Tel: +46 303 248 403 
Email: roger@unifire.com 


The specialist Angus LNG Turbex 
generates high expansion foam despite 
prolonged exposure to the sub-zero 
temperatures of LNG vapour clouds and 
the searing heat of LNG fires. It uses 
Angus Expandol foam concentrate, which 
is widely used at LNG facilities around the 
world. The importance of selecting the 
correct foam expansion ratio and 
application rate is also emphasised on the 
DVD. 

As the expansion of new LNG plants 
and upgrades continues world wide, the 
need for "Demystifying LNG" has never 
been greater. It is a "must see" for anyone 
involved in LNG fire safety. 

For more information, please contact: 
Angus Fire 

Tel: +44 (0) 1844 265000 

Email: general.enquiries@kiddeuk.co.uk 


Angus Fire Releases New 
"Demystifying LNG" DVD 


6 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



A two-pound preemie. A two-ton MRI machine. 
How do you protect them both from fire? 

Our people and fire extinguishant products make the hard choices concerning 
fire protection alternatives simpler. Whether it's at a hospital or other facility, 

DuPont clean agent fire extinguishants minimize the impact of fire on a building 
without sacrificing fire suppression effectiveness. Now you can control fire without 
the damaging and lingering effects of water. For solutions that are safer 
for people, assets and the environment, look to DuPont FE products. 

DuPont Fire Extinguishants. The Science of Protection.™ 
cleanagents.dupont.com 

The miracles of science™ 



Copyright © 2007 DuPont. The DuPont Oval Logo, DuPont", The miracles of science", The Science of Protection ", FE-13 ", FE-25 ", FE-36", and FE-227 " are trademarks 
or registered trademarks of E.l. du Pont de Nemours and Company or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 





PRODUCT PROFILE 



The invisibility of 
fire safety in public 
transport Areas 

When developing concepts for the planning of a modern public transport area, 
architects and designers need to consider a number of requirements, including 
aesthetics, functionality, and safety issues. 


If you have any questions 
regarding fire-resistant glass 
solutions for an airport 
project please contact: 

Vetrotech Saint-Gobain 

Tel: +41 31 336 81 81 
Email: 

infovsgi.vetrotech@saint- 

gobain.com 

Website: www.vetrotech.com 


O f course, these must be balanced with cost 
and budget considerations. The latest trends 
in design lean toward more transparent 
building structures that feature the largest possible 
glazed openings in interior walls (such as partitions 
in escape routes, floors or fagades). And because 
the glass used in such a structure must prevent the 
spread of fire into other parts of the building, only 
the most sophisticated glass products are adapted to 
such requirements. While this principle applies to all 
huge public buildings and traffic centres, airports are 
among the best examples of structures requiring the 
multi-functional application of special glass products. 
Especially in terms of safety and fire resistance! 

Large glazed areas of fire protection glass can be 
found in almost every modern airport. Vetrotech 
Saint-Gobain's most well-known fire resistant glass 
products, such as SGG CONTRAFLAM, SGG 
PYROSWISS and SGG SWISSFLAM STRUCTURE, are 
applied in glazed partitions and fire doors, and have 
been utilized for construction projects at the Unique 
Airport Zurich-Switzerland, where partitions were 
built with SGGPYROSWISS E30 glass, and in the 
new Hong Kong International Airport, where the 
roof glazing above shopping areas ensures compart- 
mentisation in the case of a fire. 

Vetrotech has recently completed several chal- 
lenging projects that combine maximum visibility 
with maximum safety, which proves that such a 
balance can be achieved. One of these projects was 
conducted in one of Germany's Intercity Express 
(ICE) train stations, which happens to be located 
directly underneath the check-in areas of the 
Koln-Bonn (Cologne) Airport. Smoke curtains made 
from 30-minute fire-resistant integrity glass were 


utilized to help protect airport dwellers from 
hazardous toxic gasses in the event of a train fire. 
Considering several tragedies of this nature, includ- 
ing the Madrid train station blasts in 2004 where 
1 90 people were killed. 

The fire safety and aesthetic requirements at the 
new Cologne-Bonn airport called for the first-ever 
application of vertical fire-resistant glass smoke 
curtains with point-fixed (spider) SGGVETROFLAM 
glass. Before its installation, the glass was success- 
fully tested in an independent fire test laboratory in 
dimensions of up to 1 1 50 x 3850 mm. 

Vetrotech is now developing glass with similar 
dimensions for another airport project, this one at 
the Roissy-Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris. The 
project will utilize SGGCONTRAFLAM STRUCTURE; 
an El 60 fire rated "butt-joint "system with silicone 
sealing, in dimensions of up to 1250 x 3750 mm. 

Fire resistant glasses, made by Vetrotech 
Saint-Gobain, are unique in terms of mechanical 
properties. All our glasses are tested for impact resis- 
tance and fulfil the highest classification for safety. 

In addition, recent tests for explosion resistance 
according EN 13541 have proven that glasses, 
designed for combined safety can withstand the 
requirements and bring additional safety within 
blast and fire building components. 

Thus, Vetrotech Saint-Gobain glass products 
comply with arguably the widest range of safety 
evidence available today for glass in passive fire 
protection for building and marine construction; this 
allows us to provide you with an up-to-date product 
range for specific requirements in safety. 

Without forgetting the importance of design and 
architecture! EQ3 


8 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



(in) visible fire protection. 


WE KNOW FIRE 






<5 


% 


Sit/ 




Xf 




l 

* 

0 


rfffTth 

SAINT-GOBAIN 

GLASS 


Vetrotech Saint-Gobain’s advanced door and 
partition systems are designed to give architects 
and specifiers the freedom to build in maximum 
aesthetics to fire safety. Once upon a time, 
that would have been impossible. Now, with 
Vetrotech Saint-Gobain, it’s no longer a fairy tale. 


a 

Ft 

\ V 
vir 


VETROTECH SAINT-GOBAIN 
HONGKONG LTD. 

Unit 901 g/F 
Austin Towers 
Nr. 152 Austin Road 
Tsimshatsui, Kowloon 
Hongkong (SAR) 

Tel. +85228781883 
Fax +852 2878 7333 

infoVSGHK.vetrotech@saint-gobain.com 

VETROTECH SAINT-GOBAIN 
INTERNATIONAL AG 

Stauffacherstrasse 128 
CH-3000 Bern 22 
Tel. +41 31 336 8i 81 
Fax +41 31 336 81 19 

infoVSGI.vetrotech@saint-gobain.com 

www.vetrotech.com 

Check the extended dealer listing 
fora contact near you 


NEWS 


Elkhart Brass Opens 
Enhanced Testing Center 


7500 Square Foot 
Testing Facility. 
Result of Product- 
line and Company 
Growth 



Continuing a commitment to providing the 
safest and highest quality products in the 
market, ELKHART BRASS is proud to 
announce the opening of an expanded, 
state-of-the-art test facility in their Elkhart, 
Indiana headquarters. 

"Our new testing facility not only helps 
ensure we deliver the best and safest 
waterflow products, but also allows us to 
continue to design, develop and 
manufacture innovative solutions and get 
them to the market faster. The new 
Unibody Valve is a perfect example of this 
improved design-to-build execution 
process," stated Don Sjolin, Marketing 
Director for Elkhart Brass. 

The test facility is the first of its kind in 
the industry and is an expansion of 7500 
square feet to the current test centre. The 


To compliment its incomparable range of 
decontamination and blue-light products 
PROFESSIONAL PROTECTION SYSTEMS has 
introduced a range of lighting units. The range 
embraces all needs and all situations from hand 
held and head lights to a range of flood lights. 

A feature of the PPS flood light range is that 
it is battery charged eliminating the hazards 
created by trailing cables not to mention the 
need to have a source of power. They are also 
silent, non-conductive and cool running with 
the larger units offering up to 1 5 hours 
continuous running. The two best sellers in this 
range are the Starlite and Maxi 2000 flodlights. 
According to PPS Managing Director, Mark 
Whitcher, the Starlite is regarded as the most 
powerful rechargeable floodlight in the world. 
"There are simply no equivalents in the global 
market place" he says "that is why it is proving 
so popular with police, fire and emergency 
services generally". Its telescopic tripod gives it 
a maximum height of 3.5 metres, and even at 
this height, even in the most difficult conditions, 
it enjoys great stability thanks to the unusually 
wide spread of the tripod feet. Its primary beam 


new expansion includes a 2400 square 
foot testing booth with over 30 yards of 
concrete creating a 50 ton backsplash. The 
centre includes a 20,000 gallon holding/ 
re-circulating tank feeding a CMU 2-stage 
Waterous Pump. 

"R&D is critical for us to continue to be 
an innovator in waterflow equipment. The 
new test facility positions us to keep 
innovating for years to come," stated Don 
Sjolin. 

The new test centre is live and 
operational and can be toured during visits 
to Elkhart Brass' headquarters. 

For more information, please contact: 
Elkhart Brass, Inc. 

Email: dsjolin@elkhartbrass.com 
Website: www.elkhartbrass.com 



gives up to three hours standard whilst a 
secondary beam gives up to 10 hours. The other 
best seller, the Maxi 2000 is a rapid response 
unit which has proved itself with rail and 
electricity maintenance teams. An unusually 
wide range of accessories have made it a 
byword for flexibility and adaptability. It offers 
three kinds of bases for instance; gripper, 
magnetic or suction and it can also operate 


Announcing the 
new Argus™4, Truck 
Storage Mount and 
Battery Charger 

The new Argus™4 Truck Storage Mount and 
Battery Charger provide secure storage with 
instant access for 
the Argus™4 
Thermal Imaging 
Camera and 
charging facilities 
for the battery 
pack. 

The unit is 
designed 
primarily for the 
storage of a 
camera within a 
fire truck, but can 
be fitted to any 
flat surface. The 
camera fits 

securely into the storage mount using a quick- 
release strap and will hold the camera with the 
handle either fitted or removed. 

The battery charger will charge either the 
camera battery pack or the transmitter battery 
pack and charging can continue whether the 
vehicle is parked, running or in normal 
operation. The charger has a LED to indicate 
that the battery is being charged, and the unit 
will maintain the battery at full charge at all 
times without the risk of overcharging the 
battery. The battery charger can be fitted to the 
storage mount, or any area of the fire truck. 

For more information, please visit 
www.e2v.com 


from a vehicle cigar socket adapter thanks to a 
5m extension lead option. 

The head light range consists of the Matrix 
and the 2 in 1 . The 2 in 1 is so called because it 
offers both high powered halogen bulb and 
ultra bright LED light in the same unit. The 
halogen light can be focused from spot to flood 
whilst the LED facility is ideal for close up work, 
consumes little power and can operate for over 
100 hours. The Matrix can be adjusted through 
90° vertically and is both water and shock 
resistant. With three lighting functions and a 
flashing mode for emergencies the Matrix bulbs 
are designed to last for 1 00,000 hours. 

For a hand lamp PPS offer the Panther, a one 
million candlepower hand lamp with a one mile 
beam. The Panther is virtually unbreakable 
incorporating a toughened lens and a shock 
resistant polyethylene plastic casing. Suitable 
for use in all weather conditions it can operate 
for up to four hours when used on low beam 
and comes with a mains and vehicle charger. 

For more information, please contact: 
Professional Protection Systems Ltd. 

Tel: +44(0) 1908 272240 
Email: sales@ppsgb.com 


New PPS Lighting Range To 
Compliment Mass Decon And 
Blue Light Products 



10 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



CASE STUDY 


South Australia 
Country Fire Service 

Approximately a 25-minute drive from the centre of Adelaide, the Capital City of 
South Australia, you will find one of the most versatile volunteer firefighting 
brigades in South Australia - the Upper Sturt Fire Brigade (USFB). 


For more information , please 
contact: 

Waterous Australia 

Tel: +61 07 5522 8930 
Email: 

bcoe@waterousco.com.au 


S ituated along the Mount Lofty ranges, this 
two-appliance station is home to 30-active 
volunteer firefighters who protect over 
60-tonnes/hectare of highly dense bush land 
vegetation. Equipped with a 4WD, 2,000-litre, 
appliance called the Upper Sturt 24 and a 2WD, 
1,000-litre mini-pumper called the Upper Sturt 12, 
the USFB attends anything from operational 
incidents such as brush and wildfires to structural 
fires, motor vehicle fires and even general rescue 
emergencies. 

But unlike their urban counterparts, the region 
the USFB protects doesn't always have the luxury of 
hooking their appliance up to a fire hydrant or 
water line. What that means is the brigade needs 
to make sure they have enough water to do the 
job. And depending on the fire, you just don't 
know how much that is. 

In the case of the USFB, if water was running low 
during a fire they either had to make sure a bulk 
water carrier was enroute to refill their appliance, or 
they had to leave, fill-up and come back. This might 
take anywhere from 10 to 15 minutes, and any 
firefighter will tell you 10 to 15 minutes is more 
than enough time for serious damage to occur. 

The solution to their problem came in the form 
of a portable pump called the Floto-Pump™. 
Manufactured by Waterous, this small, powerful 
and cost-effective pump gave the USFB the versatility 
they needed to manage their water supply issues 
with enhanced efficiency. 

In cases where there are not hydrants to fill the 
appliances, the Floto-Pump can be used to fill 
the appliance from an alternative water source 
such as a river, a swimming pool, holding dam or 
even a creek. "Sometimes conditions didn't allow 
us to get the fire appliance as close or as practical 
as we'd like it to be," said Dan Schiansky, Captain, 
Upper Sturt Brigade. "With the Floto-Pump, if there 
is a pool or a static water source nearby we can 
connect it to pump and directly attack the fire." 

The USFB also serves as an effective tool when 
used for pumping water from holding dams located 
throughout the region. These types of dams are 
quite large and can be a useful water supply. 
"Before we didn't use the holding dams because 
they are clay-based, and using a fire appliance to 
pump from the dam would only pull the dirty water 
from the bottom of the dam, which is full of sludge 
and debris," said Schiansky. "Using the Floto- 
Pump, we don't run into that problem. The pump 
actually pulls in water off the top of the dam so 
sludge and debris is not a concern." 

A recent example of when the USFB's effective 
methods came in to play was when the USFB was 
called to assist on a fire in the Mount Bold area, 
approximately 45-kilometers away from the station. 



The fire, which was initiated in the grassland, had 
spread into a plantation pine forest and a water 
reservoir - a reservoir that holds water for the city 
of Adelaide. 

On this particular day, the state was having 
extreme fire weather conditions due to high winds, 
dry fuel loading and low rainfall. "This allowed the 
fire to move and establish itself quite quickly," said 
Schiansky. "When it was all said and done and the 
fire was contained, it had spread to approximately 
2,000 hectares." 

When the USFB arrived on the scene, they were 
placed into "asset protection". Working with the 
Mt. Lofty Strike Team, the USFB had engaged 
the Upper Sturt 24. During the fight, the appliance 
was running low on water and was re-deployed to 
a nearby house that was under immediate threat. 

On arrival, firefighters from the USFB saw that a 
vehicle was on fire next to the house. The garage 
was also fully engulfed, causing immediate danger 
to the house. The three appliances that were attend- 
ing the fire were also low on water and were not 
able to continue to fight the fire. The Bulk water 
carriers were not able to enter the hot zone of the fire 
as it was too dangerous for their safety. That's when 
firefighters from the USFB began to look for possible 
alternatives to suppress the fire until the bulk water 
carriers could arrive when the fire became safe. 

Noticing that there was a swimming pool at the 
front of the house Captain Schiansky, grabbed their 
brigade's Floto-Pump and placed it within the pool. 
Connecting a 38mm hose to the pump, Schiansky 
and his fellow firefighters were able to extinguish 
car and the house before it became fully involved, 
thus saving the house from destruction. "Even 
though we couldn't save the garage, we were able 
to save the house," says Schiansky. 

"The area we were firefighting only had water in 
storage tanks or holding dams," said Schiansky. "If it 
wasn't for the Floto-Pump, we would have lost a 
house worth $500,000. So was a $3,000 invest ment 
in a portable pump worth it? Every penny! " E23 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


11 



SHOW PREVIEW 




The Gateway to 
a Disaster-Free 

world! 


Join 'Fire & Safety EXPO KOREA 2007! It is the largest total safety exhibition of 
its kind in Korea covering every aspect of disaster prevention. About 200 leading 
fire & safety companies and 20,000 buyers from around the world will meet one 
another and explore the present and the future of the industry at the Fire & 
Safety EXPO Korea 2007, gateway to the Asian market. 


Please contact the secretariat: 
Fire & Safety EXPO 
KOREA 2007 
Tel: +82-53-601-5065 
Email: info@fireexpo.co.kr 
Website: www.fireexpo.co.kr 
in advance 

Please register on-line 
(http://www.fireexpo.co.kr/en 
g/visi/online_visi.asp) right 
now! 


F ire & Safety EXPO KOREA presents new 
upcoming innovations to make the safe world 
reality and brings together users and suppliers 
of the global fire and safety industry. At the same 
time, it offers a market where public procurement, 
B2B and B2C are dynamically blended in. You can 
find all the useful information here and meet key 
players from government, industry and academia 
all around the world. 

All eyes of world professionals are centered on 
Fire & Safety EXPO KOREA 2007! 

Korea is one of the biggest markets in Asia 
about USD 17 billion in the fire & safety area. 
Korean government (NEMA) has been eager to 
boom up the Fire & Safety Industry by strong 
policy and has supported Fire & Safety EXPO 
KOREA. 

This exhibition has special program called 
'Oversea Buyers Invitation Program' to provide 
easy access to overseas buyers. Don't miss such a 
cost-effective chance to visit Korea with less effort. 
This program provides free accommodation for 
two nights and breakfast in deluxe hotel to reliable 
buyers and includes 'free city tour', 'Interpretation 
service' and 'Shuttle bus service'. EDQ 



12 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 




WWW fireexpo .co.kr 


Gateway to a Disaster Free World ! 

Fire EXP 

FIRE & SAFETY EXPO KOREA 2007 




Fire & Safety EXPO KOREA 2007 

April 24(Tue) ► 27(Fri) • EXCO(DAEGU) 


Number of Exhibitors 20 Countries, 200 Companies, 800 Booths 
Visitors(Expected) Total 70,000 People from 40 Countries 

Exhibits Profile Fire Prevention, Fire Extinguishing, Rescue & EMS, Disaster prevention, City Safety, 
Industry Safety, Security 

Conference & Events Inti fire prevention symposium, Inti seminar on disaster, Academic conference, 
New Technology & Product Publication, Adventure 1 1 9 


Hosted by | N EM A (National Emergency Management Agency), Daegil Metropolitan City 

Organized by | KFI (Korea Fire Equipment Inspection Corporation), EXCO (Daegu Exhibition & Convention Center) 

Supported by | Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy, Public Procurement Service, Korea Meteorological Administration, 

Korea Foreset Service, Korea Trade Investment Promotion Agency, Korea Occupational Safety & Health Agency, 

Korea Fire-fighting Escapement Industry Cooperative, Korea Fire Safety Association, Korean Institute of Fire Science & Engineering, 
National Fire Volunteer Association, Korea Institute of Fire Science & Engineering Society of Fire Protection Engineers, 

Korea Disaster Prevenion Association, Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, Construction Association of KOREA, 

Korean Emergency Medical Technician Association, Korea Mech. Const. Contractors Association, Korea Specialty Contractors Association 


Secretariat of Fire EXPO 2007 

Tel: +82-53-601-5085 Fax: +82-53-601-5079 E-mail: info@fireexpo.co.kr 


NEWS 


Cranford 

Controls 


Task Force Tips' New Jumbo 
BIV provides big water relief 




Vantage family extended 
with 12V Blue Beacon for 
security applications 

CRANFORD CONTROLS' Vantage range of high 
performance beacons for fire and security 
system applications has been extended with the 
introduction of a 12V blue version. The device 
uses the latest high output surface mount white 
LEDs to produce a brilliant 1 Hz flash. Current 
consumption is 12mA in normal mode, or for 
large installations, low current mode can be 
selected during installation to reduce the 
current draw to 8mA to reduce power supply 
and battery back-up requirements. 

The beacon itself is mounted into a separate 
base using a bayonet lock, allowing the unit to 
be easily changed if the system configuration is 
modified after installation. The separate base 
also means that the device itself does not have 
to be installed during the first fix, reducing the 
possibility of damage. 

Cranford Controls is a leading independent 
manufacturer of audible and visual warning 
devices and ancillary products for use in the fire, 
security and process control industries. 

For more information, please contact: 
Cranford Controls Ltd. 

Email: c.ayling@cranfordcontrols.com 
Website: www.cranfordcontrols.com 


TASK FORCE TIPS' new 
Jumbo BIV marries the 
industry's largest ball intake 
valve waterway with the 
industry's toughest coatings, 
producing a corrosion 
resistant valve that delivers 
huge water with loss of only 
3 psi @ 2,000 gpm. 

"We can't keep these 
jumbo valves on the shelves," 
said TFT's Vice President of 
Sales and Marketing Rod 
Carringer, pointing to a 
group of new Jumbo BIVs 
being prepared to ship. "I 
guess word got out from our 
field testing, because people 
started calling for them even before our 
new catalog came out." 

The new Jumbo BIV's 5!4 inch waterway 
is the answer to repeated requests for 
higher flows from customers who swear 
by TFT's top selling BIV - a unit that 
features a standard 3% inch waterway. 
Although engineers nearly doubled the 
standard waterway size, they added less 
than an inch in unit height and 1 14 inch in 
length. 

"We've triple coated the BIV ever since 
it was introduced back in 2002," Carringer 
said. "Not only do we rely on our unique 
poly-impregnation process, but we also 
hard coat anodize AND powder coat finish 
them for additional protection against 
harsh environments. Then we used 
stainless steel components on the valve's 
wet side, as an extra layer of protection. If 
that doesn't convince you, remember that 
the Jumbo BIV's backed by TFT's 
remarkable five-year product guarantee." 

The new Jumbo BIV's 30° elbow swivels 
360°, allowing hose connections from any 
direction with minimal kinks and coupling 
stress. It also has a unique position 


indicator that lets the operator know if the 
valve is opened, closed or somewhere in 
between. Its hand wheel, which can be 
installed on either the left or right side, 
takes a full 714 turns to close, meeting 
NFPA slow-close requirements. 

"All of which may sound like overkill. 
But that protection from corrosion is what 
allows TFT's BIVs to work under the most 
extreme conditions. Because, after all, 
firefighters work under extreme conditions 
every day," Carringer said. "This may be a 
new product, but it has the same TFT 
quality that people worldwide have grown 
accustomed to buying. Not to mention our 
24 hour service line, which we've had for 
years, because most firefighters don't just 
work from nine to five." 

For those with 4 inch or 414 inch intake 
threads on their pump, TFT has two 
adapter rings that are featured in its new 
catalog. 

For more information, please contact: 

Task Force Tips, Inc. 

Tel: +1 219 548 1051 
Website: www.tft.com 


The wolf Safety 

THE LIGHT 
CHOICE 

The new Wolf rechargeable, lightweight 
R-50 safety torch, ATEX Certified to Zone 
1 , originally designed for the European 
firefighting market, is now becoming the 
preferred choice for offshore gas and oil 
operators around the world. 

The R-50 incorporates new technology 
in the form of ultra lightweight, high 
capacity lithium-ion rechargeable cells, 
coupled with state-of-the-art battery control 
technology, which notably improves 


Lamp Company - 



performance and reliability, eliminating 
memory effect, thus reducing total 'cost of 
ownership' by extending the life-cycle of 
the product. 


The outstanding beam from its LED light 
source penetrates smoke to a level never 
previously experienced, and with two levels 
of light output the torch provides up to six 
hours duration. Ergonomically designed 
with easy single-handed switching, the 
robust R-50 is also low maintenance, with 
quick component replacement. For 
additional safety, battery state-of-charge is 
shown as a bar of high intensity red LEDs, 
each one extinguishing as the battery 
charge diminishes. In an emergency, the 
R-50 can be recharged to 90 per cent 
capacity in 90 minutes. 

For more information, please contact: 

Wolf Safety Lamp Co Ltd. 

Email: info@wolf-safety.co.uk 
Website: www.wolf-safety.co.uk 


14 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


Further details can be found at 
our website: www.ffeuk.com 


PRODUCT PROFILE 


A Beam 

Detector for all 
installations 

When it comes to optical beam smoke detectors no other company has the 
experience, or the product range, of Fire Fighting Enterprises Ltd. With well 
over 600,000 beams installed, including in some of the World's most prestigious 
buildings, it is clear that the FireRay series of projected beam detectors is the 
model of choice for both installers and specifiers. 

The model range comprises: 



The FireRay 2000 end-to-end beam detector, a 

well-established product noted for its ruggedness, 
small detector head size and low level control. The 
small size of the transmitter and receiver mean 
that it is ideally suited to projects where a low 
visual impact is required, such as buildings of 
historical importance. The FireRay 2000 has CPD, 
EN54 and UL certification plus others. A typical 
installation is Hong Kong International Airport 
where the beams do not interfere with the 
stunning Norman Foster design. 



The FireRay 50/100 reflective beam detectors 

were amongst the first purpose built reflective 
products. The big advantage with this product is 
that both the transmitter and receiver are in the 
same discrete unit, which reduces the amount of 
cabling required thus saving time and significantly 
reduces installation costs. The FireRay 50/100 
reflective has CPD, EN54 and UL certification plus 
others. This beam has been used in many presti- 
gious locations including the British Museum and 
the Foreign Office in London. 



The FireRay 2000 Eexd is the only ATEX 94/9/EC 
certified beam detector available. Its flameproof 
construction and robust housing make it particu- 
larly suitable for use in hazardous locations where 
other types of smoke detection would be 
unsuitable. Typical applications are oil refineries, 
petrochemical plants and warehouses for the 
storage of flammable liquids. These beams have 
been successfully used in ordnance bays in the 
Falkland Islands and in some marine applications. 



The new flagship model of the range is the innov- 
ative FireRay 5000 Auto-Aligning Infra-Red 
Optical Beam Smoke Detector. This is a completely 
new design that incorporates pioneering technology 
that addresses the needs of both user and installer. 
Key features include: Easifit First Fix system; LASER 
assisted alignment, AutOptimise automatic beam 
alignment and a 2-wire interface from the detector 
to the controller. This pioneering product is currently 
going through the approval process for CPD, EN54 
and UL and is protected by British Patent Application 
2426323 and by International Patent Applic ation 
PCT/GB2006/1 799 pending. E23 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


15 




VIEWPOINT 


Fire Safety issues 
■n Singapore, 

Then and now 


By J. C. Jones 

Department of 
Engineering 
University of Aberdeen 

j.c.jones@ 

eng.abdn.ac.uk 



The island nation of Singapore was established as a British possession by 
Stamford Raffles in 1819. In 1855, by which time the population of Singapore 
had increased hugely, there were heavy financial losses through a major fire in 
Kling St. in the Chinese district. 


T here was no organised fire response team in 
Singapore until 1869, when the government 
created volunteer fire brigades which proved 
ineffective. In 1888 the City Council set up a 
single Singapore Fire Brigade which was properly 
capitalised with equipment and trained fire 
fighters. It used horse-drawn appliances until 
1908 when these were replaced by motorised 
appliances. The year 1908 was a significant one 
for the Brigade in another respect: it was in that 
year that the Central Fire Station in Hill St. was 
opened. It had been built and fitted out at a cost 
of $64000, an enormous sum in those days. A very 
imposing building and for many years the tallest 
building in Singapore, Central Fire Station is still 
functioning although parts of it are used to house 
a museum. 

The remit of the Singapore Fire Brigade was 
extended in 1928 to take in ambulance services. In 
anticipation of war, the Brigade was in March 
1939 augmented by an Auxiliary Fire Service. Then 
came the Japanese occupation of Singapore. At 
that time the Singapore Fire Brigade had many 
British officers, and the usual fate of British 
expatriate at the time of the occupation was to be 
sent to the appallingly cruel POW camp at Changi. 
British firemen serving with the Singapore Fire 
Brigade were spared internment at Changi 
because of the need for a fire service to remain in 
operation during the occupation. 

The Singapore Fire Brigade retained that name 
until 1980 when it became the Singapore Fire 
Service. Major fires in the fighting of which the 
Brigade had had an involvement in the meantime 
include that at a squatter settlement in the part of 
Singapore known as Bukit Ho Swee in 1961, in 
which there were four deaths and eighty-five 
non-fatal injuries. Sixteen thousand people lost 
their homes, such as they were, in the fire. The fire 
is seen as having a place in social history in that it 
showed that not only disease and infection but 
also extreme fire hazards result when human 
beings have to live under such conditions. The rea- 
son is not at all difficult to understand: the fire 
load at a squatter camp would be higher than that 
in decent residences. The fire load in homes in the 
UK, averaged over the entire floor area, is typically 
8 lb of flammable material per square foot of floor 
space. We can be quite sure that the fire load at 
Bukit Ho Swee at the time of the fire greatly 
exceeded this, with the tragic consequences 


described. Just over a decade after the Bukit Ho 
Swee fire came that at Robinson's Department 
store in Raffles Place, Singapore. This had been 
founded as far back as 1858 and by the time of 
the fire had a number of branches in the region 
and a franchise to sell Marks and Spencer prod- 
ucts. In November 1972 the store was destroyed 
by fire with the loss of nine lives. 

At the present time the Singapore-Malaysia 
region is becoming a leading centre for oil and gas 
activity. Singapore itself is chiefly in downstream 
activity including refining. The Bukom refinery in 
Singapore is the largest of all the refineries in the 
world operated by Shell, processing 500,000 
barrels of crude oil per day largely for export to 
other countries of the Far East. Huge quantities 
of hydrocarbons pass through the Port of 
Singapore. Such activity brings commensurate 
responsibility in terms of fire protection and 
preparedness for a major fire and in the 'post 9/1 1 ' 
world there is the added dimension of possible 
terrorism. A vessel containing liquefied natural 
gas (LNG) is a possible terrorist target, there 
being a great deal of LNG transportation by sea to 
countries including Japan. There have been 
concerns about LNG tankers in Boston Harbour, 
where such tankers pass quite close to residential 
property. That is one reason why it is proposed to 
build a storage facility for LNG at Outer Brewster 
Island, ten miles out to sea from Boston and 
currently a redundant military site. There is a great 
deal of LNG activity in Singapore and proposals to 
build an LNG terminal. The concerns about Boston 
apply also to Singapore: an LNG tanker there or 
an LNG facility onshore could be a target for 
terrorism. 

This article began by tracing the development of 
a fire service for Singapore when it was a British 
territory with a highly varied racial profile. It has 
also pointed out the significance of the fire at 
Bukit Ho Swee. Singapore is now an island state of 
population about 3.5 million and a major centre 
of affairs in the hydrocarbon industry. The article 
will conclude with two points which the present 
author does not necessarily unreservedly endorse 
but which will interest readers. One is that the 
Bukit Ho Swee fire has been compared to the 
Great Fire of London. The other is that in terms of 
oil and gas supply Singapore is being compared 
with Houston. Thoughtful readers should evaluate 
each of those for themselves! EEQ 


16 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



The Drager PSS 7000 is the result of Drager’s ongoing commitment 
to providing professional fire fighters with a world class state-of-the-art 
breathing apparatus. 


PIONEERING SOLUTIONS » 


Key new features of the PSS 7000 is the harness that uses advanced 
materials and moulding methods to produce exceptional wear 
resistance and a high grip anti-slip surface to ensure that the harness 
remains secure on the body. 


With easier seamlessly integration and interface with the facemask, 
communication equipment, head protection and good ergonomic 
design to create a higher performance personal safety system, the 
Drager PSS 7000 is a major leap forward in the evolution of breathing 
apparatus for the professional fire fighter. 

Drager Safety Asia Pte Ltd *Tel +65 6872 9288 Tax +65 6773 2033 • E-mail : dsa.singapore@draeger.com 


Dragersafety 


Drager PSS 7000 


Detection 


Personal Protection 


Diving Equipment 


Systems Technology 


www.draeger.com 









Step Up to Electronic 
Remote-Controlled Monitors 

Protect Your Facility, Product and People. 

Designed for use by petrochemical refineries, transporters and processors, 
these fully-customizable, advanced electronic systems are safer 
and more reliable than manual monitors. 


Clients around the world have trusted Elkhart Brass for fire fighting equipment for over a century. Now Elkhart 
Brass offers you advanced - electronic -remote-controlled monitor systems for industrial fixed installations. 


You can depend on Elkhart Brass as your one source to take care of everything -from consultative design through 
manufacturing, programming, certification, commissioning, testing and for after-sales support through our world- 
wide distributor network. v 


flit • 

i l#U 



Bringing you innovative systems To upgrade to our electronic remote- 

to meet your individual needs - controlled monitor systems, call us at 

on schedule and on budget. 1-574-295-8330 or 1-800-346-0250. 

www.elkhartbrass.com 


Elkhart Brass 

Fire Fighting Equipment 

The Most Experienced Manufacturer of Fire Fighting Equipment 

Elkhart Brass Mfg. Co., Inc. I 1-574-295-8330 I 1-800-346-0250 I www.elkhartbrass.com 



MONITORS 



Fire Fighting 
Monitors: 


By Michael Mills 

Product Manager, 
Angus Fire 


Selecting the Right One for your 
Application 

Fire fighting monitors are used to apply water, foam or dual agents wherever 
there are large quantities of flammable or combustible liquids. Storage and 
process areas in the oil and petrochemical sectors are the most common 
applications. In the world of transport they are found on shipping and loading 
jetties, airport crash tenders, aircraft hangars and helicopter landing areas. 
Industrial applications include power stations and incineration plants. Monitors 
catering for all these different applications are available in a bewildering choice 
of designs, sizes, materials and nozzle configurations. Here Michael Mills of 
Angus Fire explains how to choose the right monitor for your application. 


Storage facilities 

M onitors are widely used for protecting 
storage tanks containing hydrocarbon and 
polar solvent flammable liquid risks. Fixed 
systems incorporate hand-operated monitors, 
geared monitors with hand wheels and oscillating 
monitors. These are used not only to apply foam 
on to fires but also to cool adjacent tanks. Flows 
of 4,000 to 7,500 Ipm at 7 bar will normally 
achieve an adequate reach. 

Supplementary cover is provided by portable 
and mobile monitors. Small monitors can be 
designed to be carried by hand and placed on the 
ground to provide a rapid response in the event of 


a fire. They must be properly secured so they 
cannot move once the water flow and pressure is 
applied, usually by means of fire hoses and portable 
pumps. Portable ground monitors should combine 
light weight with stability, and be quick and easy 
to deploy and fold away. Light alloy models with 
Th inch inlet connections have capacities of 
around 1800 Ipm at 7 bar but higher outputs can 
be achieved by using an anchor spike on soft 
ground that helps to resist the jet reaction forces. 

Larger hand-portable models with 3 and 4 inch 
inlets and capacities of 2,700 to 3,700 Ipm at 7 
bar are secured by means of an adjustable bipod 
arrangement. The throw is defined in terms of 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


19 





MONITORS 


FIRE FIGHTING MONITORS: SELECTING THE RIGHT ONE FOR YOUR APPLICATION 



height and distance. For example, the Angus Titan 
will put foam on to the top of a fuel storage tank 
20 metres high from a distance of 30 metres. 

Moving up the scale, monitors such as the 
Angus Colossus with capacities ranging from 
3,000 to 40,000 Ipm can also be mounted on 
trailers. The mobile monitor can be used to reach 
areas not well covered by fixed monitors. Trailers 
are often fitted with outriggers to provide stability 
and water tanks on the trailer can be filled to 
provide additional weight for stability. Extra tanks 
can also be specified to provide foam. 

Restricted access 

In some applications, such as loading jetties or 
locations with explosive atmospheres, it is neces- 
sary to operate a monitor remotely. To do this 
motors are fitted to move the monitor body in the 
horizontal and vertical planes. In addition, if the 
monitor is fitted with an adjustable nozzle this will 
also need to be moved with a motor or actuator. 
Remote control monitors often need to meet the 
standards for operation in an area subject to 
explosive gases such as ATEX in Europe or NEC in 
the USA. Some applications require a master panel 
and slave panel arrangement, while others require 
feedback to show the operator where the monitor 
is pointing so that it can be operated even when 
smoke obscures the view. 



Remote control monitors are available with 
hydraulic or electric drives or a combination of 
both. Hydraulic motors have the advantages of 
low cost, simplicity, ease of maintenance and are 
usually explosive proof. There is no need to use 
limit switches on the motors since they simply 
recycle the hydraulic fluid without damage when 
they reach the limit of travel. Their compactness 
makes them ideal for marine jetty protection, 
ships, incineration plants and power generation. 
However, the maximum distance between the 
monitor and control panel is limited to 300 metres 
and there are no facilities for a secondary panel or 
position indicators. 

In some applications, such as 
loading jetties or locations 
with explosive atmospheres, it 
is necessary to operate a 
monitor remotely. 

Electric motors must have a mechanism to stop 
the current when they reach the limit of travel or 
they may burn out. Modern positioning encoders 
and electronic controls are today replacing the 
more traditional overload protection devices. Electric 
motors have the advantages of a possible master 
and slave panel arrangement, built-in encoders 
that will show the monitor position if required, 
and the distance between the monitor and master 
panel is unlimited. However, electric models can 
be expensive if explosive proof motors are neces- 
sary. Secondary panels in an explosive area also 
need to be contained in explosive proof casings. 

For some applications, combined hydraulic/ 
electric systems are preferred. In these the monitor 
is moved using hydraulic motors, but the hydraulic 
power is provided by individual hydraulic power 
packs mounted at the base of the monitor. 
The power packs are generally explosive proof. 


20 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 




UNIFIRE AB • Kungalv, Sweden 

International sales: Tel +46 303 248403 • sales@unifire.com 
Tel +46 303 248400 • Fax +46 303 248409 
Web: www.unifire.com • Mail: info@unifire.com 


UNIFIRE FORCE50 and FORCE80, with radio remote option 

• Stainless 316 • Full 360° rotation, +/- 90° elevation • Integrated wormgear drive 

• Integrated nozzle mechanics • Progressive optical joystick 

• Proportional nozzle control • Record-and-play feature • Valve control 

• Parking position • Low weight • Compact size • RS232 Network interface 

• CANBUS communication • Multiple joysticks .... and much more 


FORCE 

STAiniess 

STEEL 

REmOTE 

COnTROL 

monuoRS 



ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


21 





MONITORS 



The advantages of this arrangement are that it 
combines the benefits of using hydraulic motors 
with the benefits of electrical control panels, 
retaining the option of a slave panel and no 
distance limitations between the master panel and 
the monitor. 

Explosive environments 

Monitors often need to be sited in areas where 
gases or flammable liquids that give off vapours 
are processed, stored or transported. While there 
is little risk of explosion when the liquids and 
gases are contained, it must be assumed that 
there is a risk of explosion if there is a breakdown, 
a release or a fire. To allow for this, specifications 
normally call for monitors and their control 
systems to be manufactured and approved to 
international explosion proof standards such 
as the European ATEX (ATmospheres EXplosibles) 


or NEC (National Electrical Code) in the USA. 

Under the ATEX Directive most monitors will be 
sited in a "Zone 1 " atmosphere where ignitable 
concentrations of flammable gases, vapours or 
liquids are likely to exist under normal operating 
conditions. Zone 1 requires monitors and control 
equipment to be "Group II" approved. A Zone 1 
environment requires equipment classified as 
"Category 2G", where G stands for gas. The type 
of protection applied is defined by the CENELEC 
(Comite Europeen de Normalisation Electro- 
technique) code. Ratings are described by a letter 
preceded by "EEx". An explosive or flame proof 
enclosure for a control panel intended for a Zone 
1 area would be classed as "EEx d". In addition, 
the maximum surface temperature the equipment 
can generate is also added to ensure it cannot 
form the source of ignition for any gases present. 
The code "T4" indicates a maximum temperature 


22 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


\8m 




MONITORS 


FIRE FIGHTING MONITORS: SELECTING THE RIGHT ONE FOR YOUR APPLICATION 


The ATEX system became mandatory in Europe 
in July 2003 and reflects a more up-to-date 
method of working. It also takes into account a 
wider range of parameters than the US system. As 
a result, ATEX is a more comprehensive system 
and is therefore preferred for most fire fighting 
specifications. 



of 135°C, which caters for most fire fighting 
requirements in industrial areas. Therefore, for a 
monitor used to protect a Zone 1 area, for example 
a hydrocarbon loading jetty, the ATEX approval 
should read "CE Ex II 2 II EEx d T4". 

Under the NEC system, areas are firstly given a 
"Class" location for specific applications. Class 1 
covers flammable gases, vapours or liquids. Classes 
are further divided into "Divisions". Division 2 is 
defined as "Where ignitable concentrations of 
flammable gases, vapours or liquids are not likely 
to exist under normal operating conditions". There 
is a further classification for the type of gas or 
vapour that may be present and their ignition tem- 
peratures. Most industrial groups fall under 
Groups C and D. Therefore, a typical monitor 
installed under the US classification system may be 
required to operate in a Class 1, Division 2 area in 
which gases in Groups C and D may be present. 


Transport applications 

A wide range of oscillating monitors is available 
which provides a powerful, sweeping water 
stream for high performance attack and protec- 
tion. These are used principally in aircraft hangars 
and on offshore helicopter landing areas. 

Safety levels at airports have been rising in 
recent years thanks to greater use of advanced 
oscillating monitor technology in aircraft hangars. 
Fire protection for aircraft hangars, whether civil or 
military, has traditionally been based on NFPA 409. 
Generally the requirements have been for foam- 
water deluge systems incorporating sprinkler 
heads such as the Angus K40 supplemented by 
low-level oscillating foam monitors for under-wing 
protection. 

But in recent years operators have been moving 
away from overhead sprinkler systems in favour of 
oscillating monitors mounted not only at low-level 
for under-wing protection, but also at high level 
for fuselage and over-wing protection. The main 
reason for this trend is the growing belief that 
most hangar fires occur at floor-level. It takes less 
time for foam to reach such fires from floor- 
mounted monitors than from sprinklers mounted 
on high ceilings. Monitors sweeping automatically 
through pre-set arcs of oscillation can cover vast 
areas of hangar floor space with foam within 
seconds of actuation. 

Safety levels at airports have 
been rising in recent years 
thanks to greater use of 
advanced oscillating monitor 
technology in aircraft hangars. 

The effectiveness of overhead sprinkler systems 
in extinguishing fires that occur inside parked air- 
craft has also been called into question. While the 
gentle downward flow of foam from sprinklers may 
be deflected by air turbulence created by such fires, 
oscillating monitors mounted at high-level ensure a 
more powerful and penetrating delivery of foam. 

Another important consideration is that monitor 
systems require lower water demands and reser- 
voirs, lower pumping capacity, and simpler piping 
arrangements than overhead sprinkler systems. In 
other words, they are simpler and cheaper to 
install, maintain and operate. 

Automatic oscillating monitors are generally 
fabricated from bronze and are available in capaci- 
ties of 4,000 to 8,500 Ipm at 7 bar. The oscillating 
mechanism does not require filtered water and a 
broad oscillation angle is normally adjustable from 
45° to 120°. The number, capacities and locations 
of oscillating monitors depend on factors such as 
the hangar layout, available water pressures and 
the aircraft parking areas requiring coverage. EQ3 


Michael Mills is Product 
Manager at Angus Fire, 
responsible for the global 
marketing of the company's 
Streamline range of fire 
fighting monitors. Angus Fire 
has been at the forefront of 
fire fighting monitor 
development for over forty 
years including fixed and 
mobile, manual and remote 
control, water and foam 
models. Angus Fire is part of 
UTC Fire & Security, a United 
Technologies Corp. 
(NYSE:UTX) business unit, 
which provides fire safety 
and security solutions to 
more than one million 
customers around the world. 
UTC Fire & Security is 
headquartered in 
Connecticut, USA. 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


23 


NK 


NITTAN 



When Response 
Time Matters 


The Nittan Model 2RA-P is a point type flame 
detector capable of providing a very fast response 
due to its high sensitivity. It is a sensor with state-of- 
the-art technology that drastically reduces the 
occurrence of false alarms whilst remaining highly 
sensitive. 

It detects infrared energy emitted in fire and sends a 
signal to an automatic fire alarm system or to a fire 
alarm control panel. 

It is capable of providing a supervision distance of 
17m ~ 30m and a supervision angle of 100 Q Max. 


For the detection of Infrared energy, a “pyro-electric effect” is 
used to detect the flicker frequency of the flame (1 - 10 Hz ) 
and monitor the special characteristics of CO 2 resonant 
emission from the flame (wavelength of 4.3pm), as well as a 
non-fire-alarm discrimination wavelength region (around 
4.0pm), thus, increasing the reliability of the detector with 
respect to false alarms. 

The 2RA-P declares a fire only if the following condition is 
reached: 

CO 2 Resonant Emission Signal level > Non Fire Alarm 
Signal Level. 



Tel: +44 (0) 1483 769 555 www.nittan.co.uk 





ALARM SYSTEMS 



Effective Fire 
System warning 
Devices 


By Dave Coverdale 

Cranford Controls 


All emergency alarm systems contain audible and visual signals to alert people of 
danger once a hazard has been detected. Until the development of the folded 
horn sounder, the fire alarm bell was the only audible warning device available; 
although it generates a familiar and unambiguous noise, it was originally a 
current hungry device, unsuitable for use in today's systems. 


R ecent technology advances in the design of 
fire alarm bells have reduced current 
consumption significantly; they now require 
only a few milliamps for operation, making them 
compatible with electronic sounders. Bells are still 
extremely popular, particularly in smaller and less 
sophisticated installations. Obviously, they only 
generate a single tone, unlike electronic sounders 
where today's devices typically generate 30 or 40 
different tones. Part of the reason for the 
proliferation of different tones is that the various 
regulatory authorities often define specific tones, 
and, with multi-stage alerts increasingly common, 
several clearly distinguishable tones are obviously 
required to differentiate between the various 
stages. 

The effectiveness of a sounder is highly 
dependent on the frequency of the tone being 
generated. The efficiency of the transducer is 


frequency dependent, as is the attenuation of the 
generated sound with distance. The convention, 
followed by most manufacturers, is to state a 
dB(A) output level at 1 metre, but specifiers should 
carefully read the small print in the specification, 
because in a multi-tone sounder, the dB levels of 
the various user-selectable tones of different 
frequency can vary drastically. In general, for lower 
frequency tones of less than 1000Hz, the lower 
the dB output level, and for higher frequency 
ones, greater than 1000Hz, the higher the dB 
level. Given that sound is a pressure wave, it is not 
difficult to see that to convert electrical energy 
into sound is less efficient at lower frequencies 
because the transducer has to move larger 
volumes of air to achieve the same sound pressure 
level. The attenuation factor with distance is also 
frequency dependent, with the attenuation slope 
steeper at higher frequencies: in everyday life, this 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


25 



ALARM SYSTEMS 



is why one only hears the bass notes from a loud 
source of music some distance away. The other 
consideration to be taken into account is the 
tolerance specified for the output level: 3dB makes 
quite a difference. 

The majority of manufacturers produce different 
families of devices offering various output levels 
and physical configurations, both to ensure that 
the output of the device is suitable for the applica- 
tion and to give low cost installation. Typically, 
sounders are either stand-alone wall or ceiling 
mounted devices; alternatively for many commercial 
applications the sounders are designed to be 


mounted under smoke detectors to reduce instal- 
lation costs and to give a single integrated_unit. 

In the UK, BS5839 Part 1, the Code of Practice 
for the installation of fire alarm systems, states 
that the output from a sounder must be between 
65 and 120dB(A) and that the overall output from 
the sounders must be at least 5dB above 
the known ambient background noise level. The 
sound level reduces by 6dB every time the distance 
from the source doubles, so, for example, in an 
environment with an ambient noise level of 
65dB(A), the effective distance of a 100dB(A)@ 
1 metre sounder is 32m, the distance at which the 


v^FIRE 5000 

The Ultimate Infrared Optical Beam Smoke Detector 

• Ease of Installation 

• Easy to Set-Up 

• Ease in Operation 

• Easy! 




FIRE 

FIGHTING 


ENTERPRISES 



Modular Design Easifit First Fix System Ground Level Control 
Laser Assisted Alignment AutOptimise Beam Alignment UniBeam Technology 
Contamination Compensation Building Shift Compensation Cost Effective 


T. +44 (0) 845 402 4242 
F. +44 (0) 845 402 4201 
E. sales@ffeuk.com 
W. wvm.ffeuk.com 



26 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



EFFECTIVE FIRE SYSTEM WARNING DEVICES 


sounder output level reduces to 70dB(A). Compare 
the effective distance, 32m, of a 100dB(A) 
sounder with that of an 88dB(A) unit, which drops 
to 70dB at 8m, giving an area coverage 16 times 
greater with a 12dB difference in output level. This 
reduction in the effective distance emphasises the 
importance of checking the output level against 
frequency. However, high output sounders should 
not be used in low ambient noise areas or as a 
means of "drenching" the area in sound. Alarm 
systems that are too loud may be dangerous, 
cause panic, discomfort, and make communication 
very difficult, impeding evacuation procedures. 
The overall alarm level throughout the area should 
be a maximum of 10 to 15dB above the ambient 
background noise. Combined voice and tone 
alarms give an unambiguous message if used 
correctly, but the voice component is more likely to 
be more directional and will usually be at least 
6 dB(A) less than the tone; this must be allowed 
for when designing the system as the tone 
element will be audible at least twice as far away 
as the verbal messages. 

In the open, sound will spread in all directions, 
but in an enclosed space, some will be reflected, 
giving an increased sound level. The closer a wall- 
mounted sounder is positioned to the ceiling, the 
more sound will be reflected; for a ceiling mounted 
unit, the reverse is equally true. A sounder 
mounted on a wall is more effective than when 
mounted on a pillar. Sounders should be sited so 
as to avoid immediate obstacles and at an ideal 
height of 2 to 2.5 metres. Synchronised sounders 
give a more effective overall effect because the 
sound pressure waves tend to reinforce each other 
rather than cancelling themselves out. 

Visual warning devices 

Increasingly, fire legislation around the world is 
requiring that audible warnings are supported by a 
visual indicator to ensure that the deaf are made 
aware of an emergency. A further increasingly 
common requirement is that beacons should be 
synchronised to reduce the risk of triggering 
epileptic seizures in susceptible people. A visual 
indicator should only be used as reinforcement to 
an audible signal, not as the primary hazard signal. 
The visibility of a beacon is dependent on the 
brightness of the light source and the lens colour: 
as a rule of thumb, the intensity of a beacon is 
reduced by 25% as the viewing distance doubles. 




Quality 


We are the Reliable Alternative 


Cranford Controls prides itself on providing quality products and 
quality customer service to all of our customers. Our factory is 
approved to ISO 9001 2000 and we are also CPD approved and 
are fully RoHS compliant. 

We also offer value added services such as product branding, 
personalised literature, bespoke products, OEM manufacturing and 
of course 24 hour delivery on all standard products to UK main 
land addresses. 

We have recently added a new EN54 Compliant Call Point to the 
range. For more information on this product, or details on other 
products in the range, please contact us. 



Why not call us on... 

T: +44 (0)1420 592 444 
F: +44 (0)1420 592 445 

or find us at 

www.cranfordcontrols.com 


€ 


CRANFORDCOINITROLS 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


27 




ALARM SYSTEMS 



Lens colour 






Light Source 

Clear 

Yellow 

Amber 

Red 

Blue 

Green 

Xenon 

100% 

93% 

70% 

23% 

24% 

25% 

Filament 

100% 

95% 

70% 

17% 

17% 

12% 


Beacons should be positioned to be in direct 
line of sight with the maximum light output emitted 
over the desired area of coverage. The effective 
area of a beacon is a function of the typically 
horseshoe shaped Xenon tube and the mounting 
angle of the lens. Operating at very high voltage 
generated by an inverter circuit, the Xenon gas in 
the tube breaks down, creating an instantaneous 
brilliant flash of light, normally enhanced by using 
a 'Fresnel' lens. The light energy of the flash is a 
function of the Xenon tube size, the voltage across 
it and the capacity of the capacitor discharging 
into it. The Xenon strobe beacon has the best light 
output to power input ratio and is the most widely 
used and versatile technology currently available. 
Tube life is critical: it may be as little as 1 million 
flashes in cheaper devices but specifiers should 
typically expect 5 to 8 million flashes from higher 
quality units. All round light dispersion should be 
the first consideration when installing a beacon; 
ensuring free air movement to prevent the build 
up of excessive heat, is also important. Xenon 
beacon manufacturers specify performance in a 
number of ways: probably the most common 
measure is the incident energy applied to the 
beacon tube, expressed in Joules or the incident 
energy of the device measured in Watts. More 
meaningful are the peak and average output light 


emissions expressed in candela. "Brightness", often 
presented as a polar plot, is often used for more 
accurate calculations and coverage predictions. 
The perceived brightness of a beacon is dependent 
on the brightness of the light source, the lens 
colour of the unit and the ambient light level. 

The effect of lens colour on the perceived 
intensity of the light source within an industrial 
environment is quite significant. 

Recently, LED technology has rapidly developed, 
and the emergence of ultra bright LEDs means the 
LED beacon has become a viable and effective low 
maintenance alternative to the Xenon strobe. The 
use of multi-LED arrays enables different flash 
rates, rotating modes and steady state illumination 
to be easily achieved, extending the capabilities 
and versatility of the units. 

Hazardous Areas 

Warning devices are required throughout the pro- 
tected premises; in hazardous areas, precautions 
obviously have to be taken to prevent installed 
equipment initiating a fire or explosion. Warning 
device manufacturers generally offer both explo- 
sion proof and intrinsically safe units. In explosion 
proof units, the sealing of the enclosure in which 
the device is housed serves a two-fold purpose. 
The sealed design prevents the ingress of gas or 



ONYX FirstVision™ is a revolutionary 
wayfinding touch screen for firefighters 
only from NOTIFIER. 

With ONYX FirstVision firefighters can pinpoint 
the origin and migration of a fire right from 
the building's lobby. 

By displaying active smoke detectors, haz- 
ardous materials locations, and other infor- 
mation overlaid on the building's floor plan, 
ONYX FirstVision gives firefighters an accu- 
rate, real-time view of the situation. 

Using ONYX FirstVision, firefighters and emer- 
gency responders can make fast, effective 
and well-informed decisions that can reduce 
property loss and save lives. Take your fire 
alarm system to the next level. 

ONYX FirstVision is the latest breakthrough 
from NOTIFIER. Leaders in Life. Safety. 
Technology. 


(^) NOTIFIER 

by Honeywell 

866 - 491-5804 

www.notifier.com 


28 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



EFFECTIVE FIRE SYSTEM WARNING DEVICES 



dust in the first place and ensures that if an 
explosion is initiated inside the unit, the flame and 
pressure front is contained. Intrinsically safe 
devices use barriers located in the safe area to 
restrict the amount of incident energy available 
to the unit. The design of the units is closely con- 
trolled with large creepage distances between 
conductors and other measures to ensure that an 
explosion cannot be initiated by the device. 

A drawback to intrinsically safe beacons is that 
they cannot perform to their full potential because 
the limited input energy that is allowed to pass 
through the Zener barrier or galvanic isolator is not 
sufficient to drive a Xenon tube to its full potential, 
significantly reducing its light output. To overcome 
this problem, the latest designs of intrinsically safe 
beacons use an array of ultra bright LEDs to pro- 
duce a bright flashing warning signal in Hazardous 
Areas, giving a far more effective visual warning 
than the Xenon tube beacon alternatives. High 
output LEDs have several advantages over the 
Xenon tube: they are mechanically robust, so 
service life, particularly if installed in an environment 
where shock and vibration is present, is extended. 
The solid state devices are also highly efficient at 
converting electrical energy into light, producing a 
high intensity light source over the lifetime of the 
device without significant reduction due to ageing. 

Conclusions 

Sounders are the primary mechanism for alerting 
people in the event of an emergency. Voice alarms 
and strobes also have their benefits; the main job 
of the system designer is to ensure that the 
audible and visual output levels are adequate 
throughout the protected area. With so many 
different sizes and styles of sounder and beacon, 
offering different output levels and degrees of 
control available, it is essential that the system 
designer and manufacturer work closely together 
to ensure that the optimum devices are specified 
for each type and size of protected area. The 
implications of choosing between explosion proof 
and intrinsically safe units for hazardous area use 
and the levels of environmental sealing required 
for devices installed in dusty or dirty areas are 
further complications; again, the manufacturer is 
in the best position to assist the system designer 
achieve an effective solution at realistic cost. EEQ 


Keeping the spotlight 

on safety 

The definitive range of portable 
ATEX safety lighting products, 

for use in explosive atmospheres 



ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


29 




FireProtex 


THE SCIENCE OF 


f? 


\ 



r i 




Shifting Technology into Gear 

Ergonomic Designs that reduce coat rise, ensuring lower torso protection 
while at the same time permitting a shorter cut for better mobility. 

Available Multi-filament Fabrics that give high strength-to-weight ratio, 
make fire protective suits lighter, cooler and more durable, slow down 
UV degradation, and absorb less water so gear, with GORE-TEX® fabric, 
stays lighter and dries before the next call. 

Built to meet and exceed EN 469 Standards 



FireProtex and logo is a trademark of Bacou-Dalloz 

DuPont* DuP ont * Protective Apparel. Nomex and Kevlar are registered 

IMOMEX KEVLAR trademarks of E.l. Dupont de Nemours & Company. 

GORE-TEX is a registered trademark of W.L. Gore & 
Associates, Inc. 


Montreal 

+ 1 514 282 0503 


Hong Kong 

+852 2 7070 922 


Australia 

+613 9587 1500 


www.bacou-dalloz.com 


Bacou-»Dalloz 



By Paul Gibson 


Regional Export Sales 
Manager at Bristol 
Uniforms 


FIREFIGHTER PROTECTION 



Firefighter 

Protection: 

is improved wearer comfort a 
trade-off against safety? 

It is testimony to the research and development work undertaken by the major 
producers of high performance fabrics and the design advances made by the 
leading PPE manufacturers that today's firefighter clothing is not only more 
comfortable for the wearer but, in some key respects, safer, too. 


C ompared with the PPE offerings available to 
world markets at the turn of the millen- 
nium, today's designs incorporate a number 
of major advances which have been developed 
around customer feedback and practical trials 
aimed at identifying the key elements which go to 
make up an improved product. During the last 
5 to 10 years we have also seen both the 
Europeans and Americans review and issue new 
PPE standards which combine improvements in 
performance and safety whilst allowing for the 
introduction of designs which also make for 
greater wearer comfort. 

For many years since the early designs of 
specialist firefighter PPE in the 1960s, through the 
developments in the 1980's and up to the end of 
last century, manufacturers had relied upon 
established fibre and textile technology to provide 
the basic layers of the garments used to protect 


the wearer from the hazards of flame and water in 
structural firefighting. These garments incorpor- 
ated inner layers of felt which were bulky and 
inflexible making them uncomfortable to wear, 
particularly over extended periods. 

A balancing act 

There has always been the need for PPE 
manufacturers to achieve a balance between 
comfort and safety and it is only in more recent 
times that fabric technology has allowed us to 
improve substantially the safety of PPE whilst, at 
the same time, enhancing the wearability of 
protective clothing. 

As the knights of old would testify, if they were 
alive to tell the tale, full body armour was highly 
effective as a defence against pikestaffs, axes and 
various other instruments of medieval warfare but 
was so heavy that the wearer had to be lifted onto 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


31 


FIREFIGHTER PROTECTION 


IS IMPROVED WEARER COMFORT A TRADE-OFF AGAINST SAFETY? 



his horse where, no doubt, many expired from 
sheer exhaustion under the weight of their PPE. 
No doubt, also, many a horse collapsed under the 
weight of rider and armour. 

Today we have a wide selection of high 
performance materials and fabrics which give 
body protection against everything from ballistics 
to flame and from water to airborne pollution 
including viral and nuclear contamination. It is the 
design skills of the PPE manufacturer which are 
the key to selecting and using in combination the 
very best protective layers whilst at the same time 
doing everything possible to minimise the stress on 
the wearer of carrying around the PPE on their 
bodies when on active service. 

Standards to meet 

The health and safety of the emergency services 
has become a key focus of attention over the last 
25 years as new, and increasingly rigorous, safety 
standards have been enshrined in regulations. The 
means to achieving the levels of protection 
required has been a major driving force behind the 
development programmes of all the major 
manufacturers during this time. 

The major standards bodies across the world, 
including the 3 main ones ISO, EN and NFPA, have 
upgraded their PPE specifications to take account 
of changes in the hazards to which the wearer is 
exposed but have taken less account of the impact 
of specification changes on wearer comfort. This 
is not to say that comfort has been ignored 
totally but, that in arriving at methods for wearer 


CHOMWl 

AOARTABd 


DUAL- Hi 

PROTECTION FOR 



Dual helmet system complies with International 
Standards - ER1 Emergency and Rescue 
and FR2 Structural Fire Fighting 

ER1 Emergency and Rescue helmet 
with adjustable headband and 
retractable goggle, suitable for 
paramedics, civil defence, RTA, 
police and rescue personnel 




U 


V 


I 




www.helmets.co.uk 


CROMWELL* 

ADVANCED DUAL HELMET TECHNOLOGY 


T SYSTEM 

■MEREENCY Ilfc 

New I 

Outer FR2 helmet shell and 
retractable face shield fits easily 
over ER1 helmet in seconds 

FR2 fire fighters helmet can be 
fitted with neck cape, integral 
communications and SCABA 
mask fixing points 



Helmet Integrated Systems Ltd. 
Commerce Road, Stranraer, 
DG9 7DX, Scotland, UK 
Tel: +44 (0) 1776 704421 
Fax: +44 (0) 1776 706342 
E-mail: sales@helmets.co.uk 


32 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



testing, the level of consideration given has 
sometimes lacked the incisiveness and rigour 
which could have driven such standards forward 
more effectively. 

Whilst the standards themselves specify 
protection performance, it is the annexes which 
consider the practical aspects of wearability and 
set out guidelines as to how the various tests 
should be carried out. 

An example of the need for there to be a closer 
integration between standards setting organ- 
isations and firefighter operating procedures 
was highlighted in late 2003 during independent 
heat stress trials being carried out for Bristol 
Uniforms by specialist human factors consultancy 
Human Vertex Ltd at Birmingham University. 
PrEN469:2002, Annex F, the draft European 
protocol for use in human physiology research for 
testing firefighter PPE, was called into serious 
doubt, when, in an unexpected development, 
attempts to use the proposed exercise protocol 
and assessment methodology as set out in the 
annex showed the protocol to be too severe to 
allow meaningful results to be achieved. Not only 
did the Standard present a general methodology 
that was difficult to interpret and reproduce in the 
laboratory but, after the initial 6 tests conducted 
during the week-long trials on fire kit then 
currently in use, none of the fire kit assemblies 
tested had met the requirements of the standard. 

The health and safety of the 
emergency services has 
become a key focus of 
attention over the last 25 years 
as new, and increasingly 
rigorous, safety standards have 
been enshrined in regulations. 



PROT@MI 

THE WORLD’S 
FIREFIGHTERS 


At the time Human Vertex Ltd reported that in 
their opinion, "it would have been very unlikely 
that any effective fire kit would have passed the 
standard. Furthermore, it was felt that the exercise 
protocol was unrealistic and dangerous in that it 
required the firefighter volunteers to run in fire 
kit for over 15 minutes - an activity that goes 
against standard Fire & Rescue Service operating 
procedures". 

This situation was drawn to the attention of 
BSI's PH3/2 Heat and Flame Protective Clothing 
Committee which withdrew the Annex. At the 
time, Dave Matthews, Convenor of WG2 
expressed his concern stating, "It is good to see 
British manufacturers actively involved in critically 
assessing the practicality of test protocols in this 
way and, in doing so, helping to lead the 
development of better standards of product and 
firefighter safety not only in the UK but across the 
European Union". 

It is, perhaps, a reflection of the lesser 
importance attached to the Annex, which is, in 
any case, only an informative document, that 
no new Annex has yet been published although 
its status is currently described as 'amendment 
under development'. Across Europe there are 



www.bristoluniforms.com 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


33 




FIREFIGHTER PROTECTION 


IS IMPROVED WEARER COMFORT A TRADE-OFF AGAINST SAFETY? 



differences of opinion as to what the Annex 
should include. A meeting of Technical Committee 
TC162/WG2 responsible for developing standards 
for clothing for PPE meets in Manchester (UK) in 
March 2007 to discuss work in progress and there 
is an expectation that a new Annex will be included 
in the mid-term revisions in EN469:2008. 

Comfort - impact of user collaboration 

Whilst objective measurable tests provide the basis 
for determining those features which have a 
positive effect on the physiological response of the 
wearer, the subjective evaluation in wearer trials is 
of considerable importance in the eventual 
choice of firefighter PPE. This is true whether 
the garments in question are for structural 
firefighting, urban search & rescue work or wild- 
land firefighting. 

There are indications that 
firefighter clothing is starting 
to be selected with style and 
comfort in mind. 

Whilst it may not yet be accurate to say that a 
firefighter's lifestyle has a significant impact on his 
or her choice of PPE workwear, there are indica- 
tions that, in the same way that corporatewear 
has been increasingly influenced by fashion, 
firefighter clothing is starting to be selected with 
style and comfort in mind. 

A good example of collaborative working 
resulted in the supply of new fire clothing to the 
Community of Madrid, Spain's largest fire service, 
involving the supply of over 1700 sets of fire coats 


and trousers 3 years ago. The new lightweight 
specification incorporated a Nomex® Ti-Technology 
outershell and Gore-Tex® Airlock, a unique 
combination of thermal protection and moisture 
barrier. Paco Griso Raventos, Managing Director of 
Sasatex, Bristol Uniforms' agent in Spain 
commented, "In my opinion the contract has been 
awarded to us for having made an ergonomically 
designed garment which has taken the Bristol 
Ergotech™ style to a new level. Today's Spanish 
firefighters are younger and more sports orientated, 
and in their free time use technical garments. They 
want to carry this technology through to the 
garments they wear in their working day. The 
Madrid Firefighting suit is adjusted to the natural 
shape of the body and allows greater freedom of 
movement". 

Importance of sizing 

Correct fit is yet another area which has become a 
key issue in clothing generally, particularly where 
garments are designed to provide protection or 
support. In women's clothing there has been much 
publicity given in recent years to the health impli- 
cations to women wearing ill-fitting garments. 

In an article in Company Clothing in May 2004 
a report by Dr Mandy Sowerby, scientific advisor at 
Leicestershire Fire & Rescue, was discussed. It drew 
attention to the need for female firefighters to be 
included in PPE design parameters. In an informal 
questionnaire amongst female firefighters she 
found considerable dissatisfaction about problems 
with fit and comfort and that PPE generally was 
failing to reflect the diversity of today's fire service. 
She was quoted as saying, "We must insist on a 
user-centred approach and design PPE around the 
firefighter rather than expect them to adapt". 

Leading PPE manufacturers have already taken 


34 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 









FIREFIGHTER PROTECTION 


IS IMPROVED WEARER COMFORT A TRADE-OFF AGAINST SAFETY? 



note of the study. Bristol Uniforms, for example, 
has offered a female range since 1996 and the 
report provided an opportunity to review sizing. 
The company offers 4 height and 7 girth size 
options for females thus offering 28 size options 
for its range of PPE styles - the same number of 


options as available to male firefighters. Ian 
Mitchell, joint MD, commented, "We found our 
increments between sizes were correct but the 
range of sizes started too large so we were able to 
start with a smaller size. We were pleased with our 
pattern grading". 




EVERYTHING you need 
for effective extrication! 

Operating pressure: 630- 720 bar (9, 1 00- 10,500 psi) t ,** 


More than 30 years of experience: 

www. lancier-hvdra ulik. com 

Looking for qualified distributors. Contact: info@lancier-hvdraulik. com 


LANCIER 

Hydraulik 


Rescue Tools 


LANCIER Hydraulik 
GmbH & Co. KG 
von-Siemens-Str. 1, 

48346 Ostbevern, Germany 
Phone ++49 (25 32) 95 70 80 
Fax ++49 (25 32) 95 70 89 


36 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 





There is general consensus in the industry that 
closer attention needs to be paid to anthropometry 
to ensure that wearer comfort is ensured through 
regularly revisiting size and pattern grading as 
body shapes change over time. 

Climatic considerations 

It is interesting to reflect on the fact that with the 
introduction of high performance PPE with 
excellent fire protective properties which allow 
firefighters to get closer to fires than ever before 
the incidence of heat stress related incidents has 
increased. In the UK, a technical spokesman for 
Bedfordshire & Luton Fire and Rescue Service was 
quoted as saying that, "PPE is so technically 
advanced now and flame retardancy so good that 
firefighters can get closer to the action. The down- 
side is that they are unwittingly absorbing more 
heat and suffering from heat stress. I've seen more 
firefighters collapsing and being dragged away 
from fires whereas years ago the impact of the 
heat would have pushed them back". 

Over the last 10 years, what 
was once a trade-off between 
safety and comfort has 
increasingly been overcome by 
major advances in fabric 
technology and PPE design. 

This emphasises the need for greater attention 
to be given to garment construction which recog- 
nises the need for elevated body temperatures to 
be minimised by the use of combinations which 
allow improved levels of heat dissipation. 

This is particularly important in hot and humid 
climates such as those commonly experienced in 
the Asia Pacific region. New fabrics are being 
increasingly used in the latest PPE designs such as 
the Ergotech™ and Ergotech Action™ styles 
introduced by Bristol Uniforms some 5 years ago 
and are now in widespread use around the world. 
A number of fire & rescue services in Malaysia and 
New Zealand have now moved over to specifying 
Ergotech™ fire coats and trousers whilst one of 
the largest fire & rescue services in the region, 
Hong Kong, has adopted a bespoke style incor- 
porating a Gore-Tex® Airlock thermal barrier, 
designed to maximise escape of body heat, used 
under a DeltaT® outershell. 

Conclusions 

Over the last 1 0 years, what was once a trade-off 
between safety and comfort has increasingly been 
overcome by major advances in fabric technology 
and PPE design. The world's leading manufacturers 
of internationally recognised brands of firefighter 
clothing and accessories have risen to the chal- 
lenge. They have researched their markets and 
introduced designs and styles which not only meet 
the safety criteria required by ISO, EN and NFPA 
standards but have reduced the physical bulk of 
garments and incorporated levels of flexibility 
which go a long way to satisfying the greater 
comfort demanded by today's firefighting wo men 
and men on the front line. EE9 




COMPRESSORS 


Verticus 5 / KAP 5 stationary compressor 

The most advance modular unit system used in fire stations with 
SPC-compressor control B-CONTROL, P Filter System and integrated 
filling panel. The unit can be upgraded to a silenced unit VERTICUS 5 
type and additional filter housings, refrigeration dryer AIR-KOOL, 
external filling panels as well as storage cylinders can be easily fitted. 


Mariner 250/320 

The power pack for larger delivery of air, 2501/m and 3201/min.A newly 
developed, super-light aluminium chassis guarantees the best protection 
against corrosion! Inter- and after coolers made of stainless steel resist 
the toughest climatic conditions.The construction of the motor rocker 
stand reduces vibration for smooth operation as well as self-tensioning 
of the v-belt drive. 


BAUER offers only Independently Tested Containment Fill 
Stations which were found to protect the operator from 
overpressure and fragmentation per NFPA 1901. 

Containment Fill Stations - Stationary & Mobile 

High-Pressure Breathing Air Compressors and 
Auxiliary Equipment 
Worldwide Sales and Service Network 


BAUER COMPRESSORS ASIA PTE LTD 

2 Alexandra Road #0 1 -03A Delta House, Singapore 1 599 1 9 
Tel: +(65) 6271 6271 

f £ Fax: +(65) 6272 3345 fTOVl 

C IT http://www.bauergroup.com 

Email: info@bauer-compressors.com.sg 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


37 




VEHICLE EXTRICATION 



NEW AMK-21 
CUTTER 
WITH 360° 
ROTATING 
HANDLE 


Gives you a comfortable 
and secure grip - at 
any angle of attack! 

RESCUE^ SYSTEMS 

We're in it Together. 

Ph. 630.515.1800 
Fax: 630.515.8866 
2700 Wisconsin Ave. 
Downers Grove, IL 60515 USA 
www.amkus.com email: 
experts@amkus.com 


Extrication Rc 



By Brendon Morris Holmatro Rescue Equipment bv 

It is well understood that, in order to perform vehicle extrication 
rescue effectively, a mix of both theoretical understanding and 
practical skills are required. The procedures of stabilisation, 
space-creation and eventual patient removal are all practical 
operations that need to be performed with a high level of skill. 


At the same time, however, it is 
/ \ essential that these psychomotor 
/ \ skills be performed with a good 

understanding of the various implications 
they may have. For instance, considera- 
tions of safety and medical care are critical 
and need to be well understood by the 
rescuer. Thus in order to ensure that 
extrication rescue is not merely seen as a 
practical skill, a good mix of different 
educational techniques will need to be 
employed in your extrication rescue train- 
ing program. 

Roughly speaking extrication rescue 
educational techniques can be discussed 
under three headings. These are theoretical 
sessions, hands-on "skill" sessions and 
finally hands-on "scenario" sessions. Dis- 
cussed briefly below all three of these 


educational techniques have a roll to play 
in the creation of a complete extrication 
rescue training program. 

Theoretical sessions are often required to 
ensure a firm basis on which to build the 
rest of the knowledge creation that needs 
to be achieved. For this reason starting in 
the classroom is always a good way to 
begin a program. Even in the case of an 
advanced training workshop for experi- 
enced rescuers the use of some classroom 
time is useful. A brief discussion in the 
classroom before heading out for a hands- 
on session will provide the opportunity for a 
structured safety briefing, as well as allow 
the facilitator to give an overview of what 
the planned outcomes of the educational 
event are. This provides the required struc- 
ture that is often missing in such workshop 


38 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 




EXTRICATION RESCUE EDUCATION 


VEHICLE EXTRICATION 


scue Education 

educational program, there are many points to 
consider. The well balanced use of both theory 
and practical time is a critical consideration for the 
development of a successful program. In this 
article I have discussed mainly rescue type skills 
and understanding. It must, however, be men- 
tioned that the understanding of the medical care 
of the entrapped patient is as important, and, as 
such, should also be given the time it affords, in 
any educational program developed. Time spent 
properly planning the education of extrication 
rescuers that you are responsible for, is time well 
spent. I trust that this article has given you s ome 
food for thought in this regard. EE9 



hands-on sessions for experienced rescuers. 

The two types of hands-on educational sessions 
are similar in that that they both involve practical 
hands-on work but at the same time they are also 
fundamentally different in their desired outcome. 
Hands-on skills sessions should be used primarily 
for inexperienced rescuers who need to be taught 
the fundamentals of the various separate 
techniques that need to be used together for the 
completion of an actual extrication job. 

Examples of generic skills that might be taught 
in this way include, but are not limited to: 

• Vehicle stabilisation techniques 

• Door removal techniques 

• Glass management techniques 

• Roof removal techniques 

• Dashboard displacement and other space 
creation techniques 

The second type of hands-on training is that of 
scenarios based hands-on training. These sessions 
should be used to ensure that the separate generic 
skills mentioned above (taught through the skills 
sessions) can be used together effectively and 
efficiently to complete an extrication. These two 
types of hands-on sessions should not be seen in 
isolations, but should rather be considered in 
sequence, as a natural progression of understand- 
ing required to create an effective extrication 
rescue team. 

In developing a robust extrication rescue, 



Technology 


<jL holmatro 

rescue eauioment 


olmatro 


ORE Technology 


number 


Quicker, easier and safer 


in the wor d 


for a reason 


Make the most of your techniques and proce- 
dures and discover the unprecedented benefits 
CORE™ offers. 

Working with CORE™ saves time, is more user- 
friendly, means more efficient use of manpower 
and is safer. 


www.holmatro.com 


0R€ 


single hose system 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


39 




201 37 Milano - Via Ennio, 25 - Italy 

Tel.: + 39 02 5410 0818 - Fax + 39 02 5410 0764 

E-mail: controllogic@controllogic.it - Web: www.controllogic.it 


Sparks fly 
at high speed. 


Cj soiioo jp 

CONTROL LOGIC .*L 


CONTROL LOGIC 

Spark 

detector 


They travel at a hundred kilometres 
per hour along the ducts of the dust 
collection system and reach the silo 
in less than three seconds 


The CONTROL LOGIC system 

is designed for "total supervision". 
It verifies that sparks have been 
extinguished, gives prompt warning of 
any malfunction and, if needed, 
cuts off the duct and stops the fan. 


designed for 
dust collecti 
systems 
to protect 
storage silos 
from the risk 
of fire. 


The CONTROL LOGIC 
SPARK DETECTOR 

is faster than 
the sparks themselves. 
It detects them with its highly 
sensitive infrared sensor, 
intercepts and extinguishes 
them in a flash. 
It needs no periodic inspection. 



201 37 Milano - Via Ennio, 25 - Italy 

Tel.: + 39 02 541 0 081 8 - Fax + 39 02 541 0 0764 

E-mail: controllogic@controllogic.it - Web: www.controllogic.it 


CONTROL LOGIC 


BETTER TO KNOW IT BEFORE 


Eye is faster than nose 

In the event of live fire 
the IR FLAME DETECTOR 
responds immediately 


CONTROL LOGIC 
IR FLAME DETECTOR 


IR FLAME DETECTOR 
RIV-601/FA 
EXPLOSIONPROOF 
ENCLOSURE 


IR FLAME DETECTOR 
RIV-601/F 
WATERTIGHT 
IP 65 ENCLOSURE 


For industrial applications indoors 
or outdoors where is a risk of explosion 
and where the explosionproof 
protection is required. 

One detector can monitor a vast area 
and responds immediately 
to the fire, yet of small size. 


For industrial applications indoors 
or outdoors where fire can spread 
out rapidly due to the presence of 
highly inflammable materials, 
and where vast premises need an optical 
detector with a great sensitivity 
and large field of view. 




WATER MIST 


A Sem-Safe compact 
pump unit complete 
with reservoir. 


By Susan Bang 

Danfoss Semco 



High Pressure 
water Mist 
improves 
Tunnel Safety 

More and more people are coming to a realisation that high pressure water mist 
is the answer to many safety issues. In particular, where there is a need to 
extinguish, suppress or control a fire without using chemicals or harmful gases. 


Water mist history 

T he history of water mist goes back a long 
time, and brochures can be found describing 
water mist in the 1930s. The idea of water 
mist was revitalised in the eighties, with the 
Swedish company Electrolux as one of the pioneers. 
The modern concept of high pressure water mist 
spread from there to Finland and Denmark in 
particular, where some of the more significant 
pioneers of the technology are to be found. 

The marine industry was quick to adopt this 
very effective and convenient new system, and 
new IMO regulations soon set the standard for 
tests and operational functionality. These marine 
standards are still the benchmark for all water mist 
applications, including those used on land. Industry 
has been slow to recognise the benefits of high 


pressure water mist, although this situation is now 
changing. As a result, dedicated standards for 
land-based systems are now being developed, in 
support of the increased implementation of water 
mist applications in industry and construction. 

Background 

After several very bad tunnel fires in the late 
1990s, with multiple casualties and millions of 
Euros of damage, tunnel safety became a major 
issue for several European governments. A series 
of programmes were initiated to investigate what 
might be done to improve tunnel safety. 

I.e. the FIT European network on fire in tunnels 
ran from 2001-2004; UPTUN the best-known pro- 
gramme was an EU sponsored initiative that had a 
broad mandate to investigate tunnel safety from a 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


41 


WATER MIST 


Sem-Safe high pressure 
water mist test just 
after release o f water 
mist. 


HIGH PRESSURE WATER MIST IMPROVES TUNNEL SAFETY 



variety of perspectives, and ran from 2002-2006. 
Wide-ranging studies were conducted on issues 
including concrete lining, human behaviour, detec- 
tion, signals, signs, fire suppression and control, 
and more. Similar and complementary work was 
carried out under the 2004-2007 German SOLIT 
programme. 

In 2004, EU directive 2004/54/EC became the 
first formal legislative document concerning tunnel 
safety across Europe. The directive was created in 
response both to the recent tunnel accidents and 
to the expectation of increases in border-crossing 
traffic across Europe. Personal unease at the 
prospect of entering a tunnel may also have 
contributed to the creation of the new directive. 

The directive was not, however, very specific. 
Danfoss Semco believes it should be revised, 
taking into consideration the possibility of making 
the installation of an active fire control or suppres- 
sion system compulsory. 

The UPTUN programme 

The UPTUN programme, or the 'tunnel pro- 
gramme' as it is often referred to, initiated a wide 
range of projects or work packages, among which 
was the work Package 2, WP2: "Fire development 
& mitigation measures". 

Within this work package, an extensive number 
of fire tests were carried out to determine the 
nature of fire development. This included the size 
of possible fires, how smoke developed and the 
influence of ventilation. A standard fuel package 
was also developed, against which some actual 
fire suppressant systems could be tested as well as 
free burn fires. 

Two manufacturers of high pressure systems 
and one low pressure system were tested against 
standard fuel packages in a test tunnel. More than 
80 tests were performed and provided excellent 
data on comparative system performance and the 


development of fires. The tests also provided 
invaluable results, data and experience to the 
scientists and test laboratories involved, as well as 
to the system manufactures: knowledge and 
experience that would be difficult to achieve with- 
out the opportunity to participate in a programme 
of this kind. 

As a conclusion to the test series, a real-scale 
fire demonstration took place in the VIRGOLO 
Tunnel in February 2005. All test participants were 
invited to take part in this demonstration, which 
conclusively proved the effectiveness of the high 
pressure systems. 

The UPTUN guideline 251 

The UPTUN programme produced excellent new 
knowledge and experience of fire development, 
fire mitigation, fuel packages, nozzles and equip- 
ment, smoke spread patterns and more. This 
valuable experience was subsequently condensed 
into a set of engineering guidelines: the UPTUN 
"Engineering Guidance for Water Based Fire 
Fighting Systems for the protection of Tunnels and 
Subsurface Facilities". 

This document was created to convey some of 
the new knowledge to those who specify systems 
and equipment, as well as to share some of the 
experience with other manufactures. 

Key findings contained in the new 
guidelines 

It is now understood that fires in tunnels can reach 
heat release rates of 100 or even 200 MW within 
a very short time. It is not hard to imagine the level 
of damage a fire of this intensity could cause to 
human life and the physical structure of the 
tunnel, as well as to the wider infrastructure. Such 
disruption may last as long as several years, and 
have a potentially major economic impact. Con- 
sequently, fires need to be detected as early as 


42 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


There's no point ... 


...biting your nails 
over it! 




Time to be decisive. Fire can devastate your life, your 
business, your world in seconds. So why take such an 
unnecessary risk? It simply isn't worth the worry. 

Hygood Sapphire™ systems are designed specifically to 
deliver highly efficient 3M “ Novec™ 1230 fire protection 
fluid with speed and reliability. Sapphire systems are safe 
for occupied areas, require minimal storage space, are 
clean in use leaving no harmful residue and have 
internationally recognised approvals. 

Critically - and unlike many earlier forms of fire protection - 
Sapphire systems are also kind to the world about us. In 
these environmentally conscious times, it's good to know 
that they do nothing to damage the planet. 

They might save your nails some wear and tear, too. 


HYGOOD 


For further information, please contact: Tyco Safety Products, 
Burlingham House, Hewett Road, Gapton Hall Industrial Estate, 
Great Yarmouth, Norfolk NR31 ONN. 

Tel: +44 (0)1493 417600 
Fax: +44(0)1493 417700 
E-mail: tspmarketing.emea@tycoint.com 
Web: www.macron-safety.com 


4 


tL/ca Fire & 

/ Security 


a vital part of your world 


Sapphire is a trademark of a subsidiary ofTyco Holdings (UK) Ltd. 3M and Novec are registered 
trade marks of 3M Company. Copyright ©A subsidiary ofTyco Holdings (UK) Ltd. 



HIGH PRESSURE WATER MIST IMPROVES TUNNEL SAFETY 


WATER MIST 



possible and a fire suppression system immediately 
deployed to at least control the fire. 

Designing an appropriate fire 
suppression system 

The research findings revealed the need for a 
'sectionised' system, in which open nozzles form 
sections in the upper part of the tunnel, zones 
of at least 30 m in length and for the full width of 
the tunnel, from wall to wall. Each section should 
have its own section valve and be connected to 
the main supply line. 

When the nozzles are located in the upper part 
of a tunnel, the risk of accidental damage to the 
nozzles is less than if they were located at the 
bottom part or even in the floor. 

Closed nozzles with 'bulbs' were not 
recommended due to the extreme speed of fire 
development. The problem with using a nozzle 
that automatically responds to a sudden rise in 
temperature is that it may be triggered in the 
wrong area of the tunnel - simply as a result of 
hot air and smoke being spread by the tunnel's 
ventilation system - wasting valuable water 
supplies. 

The research results also showed that pump 
unit(s) must be capable of supplying at least two 
sections of the tunnel simultaneously, on the 
assumption that the location of the fire and direc- 
tion of fire 'downstream' can be determined. 

Reservoirs for water should be of a volume that 
will supply water for at least 30 minutes for a 
tunnel less than 500 m long and 60 minutes for a 
longer tunnel. 

Of paramount concern for the long-term safe 
operation of a given system is the quality of the 
components and materials used in its design. For 
example, the new guidelines indicate that materi- 
als used for water supply must be stainless steel of 
a quality not less than AISI 316 or, for filters and 
other parts, non-corrosive materials like plastic. 
Zinc-coated carbon steel or any other coating 
must not be used, due to the harsh tunnel 
environment. 

For pump units and other components, exten- 
sive recommendations govern pump capacity, 


power supply and design with jockey pump, 
section pumps, nozzles, and so on. 

System reliability 

One thing that is often overlooked in the design of 
fire control systems in tunnels is the adequate pro- 
tection of the nozzles against the high levels of 
dirt found in the tunnel environment. The new 
guidelines recommend that each individual micro 
nozzle should be separately protected, rather than 
using one common cap for the whole nozzle. In 
the event that the mechanism fails to remove the 
protecting cap, conventional single-cap systems 
necessarily disable the entire nozzle. In contrast, by 
using individual caps for each micro nozzle, the 
failure of one cap would still allow the others to 
function normally. 

Interfaces with other systems, for example 
monitoring, detection and ventilation, are essential 
for effective overall performance of the tunnel 
safety system. This need should be taken into 
consideration when designing systems. 

All systems must be fully tested before they are 
formally commissioned, including the careful 
construction and assembly of all system com- 
ponents, and thorough flushing and pressure 
testing. Historically, these checks have not been 
rigorously enforced, and the new guidelines 
include recommendations for correctly completing 
these activities. 

Project management 

It is a major challenge to design, supply materials 
and components, and install a fire suppressant 
system in a tunnel. If the specified system needs to 
integrate with systems from other contractors, the 
challenge is even greater. It is one thing to have an 
excellent water mist system design, but quite 
another to be able to get the system into the 
tunnel and get it commissioned. 

When a tunnel owner or operator chooses a 
system, consideration needs to be given to how 
the project should be managed and who is to 
undertake this key task. Experience has shown 
that coordinating several systems and contractors 
in a confined space like a tunnel, where it is critical 
to follow each construction phase to the letter and 
to make best use of each window of opportunity 
is not an easy task. 

The more systems that can be managed by one 
organisation, the better. If the same organisation 
can be allowed to manage multiple systems, man- 
agement complexity and coordination problems 
will be greatly reduced. 

Any organisation tasked with managing a 
project as complex as the installation and com- 
missioning of a tunnel fire safety system should 
have a proper project management tool box and 
extensive experience of managing similarly 
complex projects. Large tunnel or small, the size of 
the system is all that changes: the complexity 
of co-ordinating the installation of a water mist 
project stays the same. 

Conclusion 

High pressure water mist has developed from pre- 
dominantly marine applications to a far wider 
range of uses, of which tunnel safety is one. In 
critical applications where safety is an issue for 
both life, property and the environment, high pres- 
sure water mist is often the very best solution. EQ3 


44 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 





Every NFPA code and standard is now available 

in PDF format! 


It's fast, easy, and convenient to order any 

(r) 

of the National Fire Codes online! With 
our PDF service, you can download vital 
requirements right away. Simply log onto 
www.nfpacatalog.org to select the 
document(s) you need and 
explore the full range of NFPA 
products and services! Order 
or join NFPA by credit card 
over our secure server 24 
hours a day. 

National Fire 
Codes® Online 


Within minutes 
of registering, 
you can access 
the very latest 
NFPA codes and 
standards. 


Service 


catalogi 


This revolutionary service allows 
subscribers to reference the most timely NFPA 
codes and standards, in addition to a wealth 
of useful information including Reports on 
Proposals and Reports on Comments, informing 
you of proposed changes to the codes and 


W] 


.y .‘w rt-»: »1 0-n M~t 1 1 b+v T-gfK i rt M X ■ 


THE NFPA CATALOG ONLINE EDITION |- - 


Hrc Safety Products & Services trom NKPA 


[5] 




I BROWSE Dm NFPA bp utwgaiy 


SEARCH Dm NFPA Uftaln bp kvywaid 


JfcrtMirf. T:* r*r Mwrt.tr fr4xr be. 4 i 


I <&***•■ \ 


standards that directly affect 
your work. 

Other continuously updated 
features include Formal 
Interpretations and tentative 
Interim Amendments. Online 
access to the NFPA Directory 
and NFPA News. 

Subscribe Now! Your access 
number is e-mailed within 
minutes of registering! 
www.nfpacatalog.org 


www.nfpacatalog.org 


For information on your local distributor contact us at custserv@nfpa.org 

NFPA International • 1 Batterymarch Park • Quincy, MA 02269 • USA 
Tel +1-617-770-3000 • Fax +1-617-984-7777 



One of the few places in the world 
without a MAGIRUS ladder. 


In order to find a region where there are no MAGIRUS turntable 
ladders, you have to search for a very long time. Around the globe, 
over 6,000 of our ladders are in service: on all continents, in urban 
centres and rural areas, both large and small fire brigades. World- 
wide, this number is without equal - and our most convincing refe- 
rence.You want to know more? Any time, any place, with pleasure. 


IVECO 

MAGIRUS 


IVECO MAGIRUS Brandschutztechnik GmbH 
Graf-Arco-Strasse 30 • 89079 Ulm 
Fax +49 (0) 731/408-24 10 
www.iveco-magirus.de • magirus@iveco.com 





AIRCRAFT RESCUE FIRE FIGHTING VEHICLE ROUND UP 


The IVECO MACIRUS Airport 
Reception Committee 



Dragon x6 


The protective fire safety on airports is 
generally considered to be one of the most 
complex and greatest challenges for the 
fire services - and thus also for all manu- 
facturers of fire fighting vehicles. IVECO 
MAGIRUS offers a world-wide unique 
product range for holistically covering all 
potential hazards that must be met on 
airports. 

For the protection of buildings and 
facilities, IVECO MAGIRUS offers a wide 
range from command vehicles via first- 
intervention vehicles, light and special fire 
fighting vehicles to various different 
turntable ladders and aerial telescopic 
platforms with a rescue height of up to 54 
m. Rescue vehicles and equipment carriers 
as well as swap body vehicles with a large 
roll-off container program complete the 
range. 

With the airport crash tender range 
DRAGON x4, x6 and x8, IVECO MAGIRUS 
offers three variants in this "top of the 
range" category, that will meet even the 
most specific requirements. Real power- 
houses in the form of currently unrivalled 
high-performing IVECO 1,024 hp or 
1,500 hp engines with last generation 
common-rail injection technology do not 
only provide for an enormous acceleration 
but also for an enormous fire fighting 
power. Up to 10,000 l/min pump capacity, 
14,000 litres fire fighting agents in a 
combination of water, powder, and foam as 
well as precise monitors with long throw 
ranges guarantee a fast and effective fire 
fighting operation. 



Dragon x8 


The excellent cross-country capabilities 
of these vehicles provide for an unrestricted 
mobility and ensure that fire fighting can 
also be effected away from the runway 
without any loss of time. 

The IMPACT series, with the variants x4 
and x6, is the ideal completion to the 
DRAGON range or even a cost-effective 
alternative, e.g. for smaller airports. Based 
on highly cross-country capable, single tyre 
IVECO four-wheel-drive chassis, these 
vehicles are extremely mobile but never- 
theless equipped with an impressive fire 
fighting power: depending on vehicle type 
up to 1 2,000 litres of fire fighting agent can 
be carried on board. This concept has been 
very much proven in practice as is shown by 
the more than 150 IMPACT vehicles that 
are currently in world-wide operational use 
at airport fire service departments. 

Recently an IMPACT x6 (TLF 30/57-7-360) 
on an IVECO Trakker was delivered to the 
Adolph-Wuerth-Airport in Schwabisch-Hall 
(Southern Germany). The vehicle features 
tanks for 5,700 I water and 750 I of foam 
compound as well as capacity for 360 kg 
of C0 2 . The powerful MAGIRUS pump 
delivers an output of 3,000 l/min at 10 bar. 
440 HP engine power enables speed on 
the runway; all-wheel drive and single tyres 
allow it to be extremely capable off-road. 


Furthermore a lighting mast mounted on 
the rear of the vehicle with 2 x 1,000 W 
and a 13.5 kVA electric generator belongs 
to the vehicle equipment. 

For the Schwaebisch Hall pump water 
tanker TLF as with all other IVECO MAGIRUS 
vehicles continuous operational preparedness 
is guaranteed: A network of Service stations 
in almost 1 50 countries around the globe is 
available round the clock. 

For more information, please contact: 

Iveco Magirus Brandschutztechnik GmbH 
Graf-Arco-StraBe 30 
D-89079 Ulm 
Germany 

Tel: +49 731 408 2566 
Telefax: +49 731 408 2410 
Website: magirus@iveco.com 



TLF 30/57-76-360 


Rosenbauer - technological 
leader in ARFF vehicles 



ROSENBAUER is the world's largest 
manufacturer of special fire-fighting 
vehicles. With its wide range of municipal 
fire-fighting vehicles and aerials built to 
both European and NFPA-Standards, its 
extensive series of air-crash tenders 
and industrial fire-fighting vehicles, 
advanced fire-fighting components and 
fire-safety equipment, Rosenbauer is the 
industry's "full-liner". 

With its worldwide sales and 
customer service network, Rosenbauer 
is the partner for fire brigades in more 
than 100 countries. The technological 
leadership is underpinned by a tradition 
of innovation. Its central know-how lies in 
complex, custom-built fire-fighting systems and 
vehicles. 

A vehicle for the 21st century 

The latest innovation is the new Panther, the top 
model in the range of the world's leading 
manufacturer in the ARFF vehicle sector. The 
new Panther made its public debut at the 
"Interschutz" fire-fighting technology trade fair 
in Hanover in June 2005. 


With this completely new Panther series, 
Rosenbauer has set another benchmarks in 
design and engineering and thus again 
strengthened its position as the technological 
leader in the global ARFF vehicle market. 

The aim of the new development of the 
PANTHER 8x8 and 6x6 series was to orientate 
the vehicle more closely to the increases in 
airport traffic. The new vehicles are faster than 
their predecessors, can carry still more extin- 
guishing agents and equipment due to higher 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


47 





AIRCRAFT RESCUE FIRE FIGHTING VEHICLE ROUND UP 



axle weights, are easier to operate than ever 
before due to the electronic control concept and 
already meet the exhaust emission requirements 
expected in years to come. 

In addition, the latest PANTHER models have 
an innovative design language, which accentu- 
ates the vehicle's attributes of reliability, safety, 
power and dynamism. The Panther has already 
awarded with the international design labels "iF 
Product Design", "Red Dot" and "Focus Energy 
Gold". 

A chassis in two versions 

The 8x8 model comes with the new 1,000 hp 
MAN rear-engine chassis and automatic Allison 
gearbox, while the 6x6 model uses the 705 hp 
rear engine chassis manufactured by 
ROSENBAUER in the USA. With its eight powered 
wheels, operating weight of 40t, 14,500 I of 
extinguishing agents and a top speed of 135 kph, 


the PANTHER 8x8 is the ARFF vehicle for planes 
with the dimensions of an Airbus A380. 

Panorama vision from the cabin 

The cabin of the new PANTHER disposes over a 
panorama windscreen made of composite safety 
glass and for the first time, the vehicle also has 
transparent doors. As a result of the enormous 
front and side panes, which have been extended 
both up- and downwards, the driver has an opti- 
mum view of the area surrounding the vehicle. 

The futuristic instrument panel, with its 
indicator and operating displays conveniently 
located between the driver and co-driver, feat- 
ures a logic control system (LCS) which permits 
genuine "one-man operation" of the Panther's 
fire-fighting and vehicle systems. Another high- 
light of the development effort is the flap lids of 
the equipment lockers, which can now be 
opened pneumatically - from the cab. 


High-performance, operational 
extinguishing technology 

The PANTHER 8x8 has been fitted with the 
completely new RM60E roof monitor and 
the RM15E front monitor. Due to its high 
throughput capacity of up to 8,000 l/min at 
10 bar and a throw distance of 95m, the RM60E 
roof monitor constitutes a significant vehicle 
innovation. 

Safety requirements for the A-380 

Dubai International is currently reckoned to be 
one of the fastest-growing airports in the world. 
The home airport of Emirates Airlines, which will 
be putting the new Airbus A-380 into service 
starting from next year, Dubai is working hard 
to be ready to meet the safety requirements for 
this extraordinary aircraft. 

Having seen the new PANTHER generation 
demonstrated, and mindful of the need to 
ensure continued compliance with the stringent 
stipulations of the International Civil Aviation 
Organisation (ICAO) once the current airport 
extension project has been completed, the client 
made an immediate decision to purchase the 
new model. 

The highest category of ICAO certification is 
mandatory before an airport can be approved 
for the Airbus A-380. ROSENBAUER's inter- 
nationally acclaimed fire-fighting technology is 
considered to be the worldwide benchmark for 
airports aspiring to this certification. 

For more information, please contact: 
Rosenbauer International AG 
Paschinger StraBe 90 
4060 Leonding 
Austria 

Tel: +43 732 6794 0 
Fax: +43 732 6794 89 
Email: office@rosenbauer.com 
Website: www.rosenbauer.com 


SIDES - a UTC Fire & Security Company 


Among the various vehicles available from 
SIDES and used in airports are Airport 
Rescue & Fire-Fighting Vehicles of the 
S3000A/MA series. 

These are medium to large air crash ten- 
ders supplied with a Sides chassis, special 
high visibility cab and 4x4 or 6x6 drive 
configuration. All features necessary to 
cope with stringent standards and ICAO & 
NFPA requirements may be incorporated in 
this range that has been successful in 
more than 200 airports. 

Automatic gearbox & power divider for 
pump and roll operation, rear mounted 
engine with easy access for maintenance, 
GRP tanks and body, long life suspension 
and excellent on and off-road capability 
are only some of the features appreciated 
worldwide. 

The large cab having easy access can be 
mounted on all models of the S 3000A/MA 
series, with seating for up to 5 crew 
members. The driver's position is central 
and a coloured display, with graphics, 


* 



built-in LED indicators and controls, can 
enhance user friendlyness with its micro- 
processor based system also capable of 
storing event data and keeping a log for 
maintenance operations. 

The S 3000's low centre of gravity and 
excellent load distribution among the axles 
ensure stability and balance. The various 
configuration span from 4,000L-6,000L 
water for the 4x4 and up to 1 5,000 L for 


the largest 6x6. Usually foam capacity will 
be at least 12% of that for water and 
vehicles are made to carry specified 
amount of powder or other extinguishing 
agents as well as gear & accessories 
according to airport safety category. 

SIDES makes its own pumps, monitors 
and proportioning systems and thus 
ensures excellent compatibity and opti- 
mized design for its vehicles. 

Variants to the standard units will 
include military versions, air transportability, 
and other engine and accessories options. 

For more information, please contact: 

SIDES 

182 rue de Trignac 
BP 146 

F-44603 Saint Nazaire Cedex 
France 

Tel: (+33 2) 40 17 18 00 
Fax: (+33 2) 40 17 18 03 
Email: contact@sides.fr 
Website: www.sides.fr 


48 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



The beginning of a new era 

The latest Z 8 from ZIEGLER 




AIRCRAFT RESCUE FIRE FIGHTING VEHICLE ROUND UP 


z 8 - The ZIEGLER Flagship 
on Course of Success 



The crash fire rescue vehicle Z8 of ALBERT 
ZIEGLER GmbH & Co. KG, Giengen/Brenz, is 
continuing its history of success. Since the 
first vehicle of this category was supplied 
almost 25 years ago ZIEGLER is handling 
more projects than ever. Among others are: 
1 6 units for the German Armed Forces, 1 1 of 
them are in service already, 1 unit for Airport 
Zagreb, 8 units for Turkey, 1 unit for Airport 
Brussels, 3 units for Munich Airport. With 
these orders Ziegler prove again that the 
leading suppliers of the German fire brigades 
also find high acceptance in the tough inter- 
national competition even in the King's class. 

The Z 8 complies with and exceeds the 
ICAO-Recommendations. 

As a basis for this crash rescue fire 
vehicle a MAN 8x8 chassis with single tires, 
MAN-V-12 Diesel engine with 735 kW 
(1.000 HP) is used. The vehicle with a total 
weight of 43,000 kg is suitable for 
interventions on off road terrain and it 
stands out due to extreme high driving 
performance. Maximum speed is approx. 
140 km/h; for acceleration to 80 km/h less 
than 25 seconds are needed. 

The Ziegler pump with a nominal output 
of 10,000 l/min at 10 bar is driven by a sep- 
arate pump engine with 360 kW (480 HP). 

Further components are a water tank 
with of 12,500 I, a foam tank of up to 
1,500 l/min.; on request a powder unit or a 
C0 2 unit can be mounted. Output of the 
extinguishing agent is either made through 
the roof turret (approx. 6,000 l/min.), or the 
bumper turret. Optionally a telescopic 
boom with nozzle and piercing unit is 
available which is designed for the NLAs 
coming into traffic now. 

The vehicle superstructure consists of 
driver/crew cab, pump and equipment 
lockers and water-/foam tank. All com- 
ponents are mounted distortion-free on the 
chassis frame. Remarkable features of the 
superstructure in the patented ALPAS 
design are high flexural strength and 


torsion-proof. Thanks to anodizing optimum 
protection against corrosion and a maximum 
degree of tightness and safety is reached. 

The large canopy safety cabin manu- 
factured in aluminium design provides a 
spacious working place with optimum 
view for 1+3 crew. Excellent features are 
protection against noise, heat and splinters 
and the strictly ergonomic arrangement of 
the control and monitoring elements. 

Optional equipment: an automatic air 
conditioning system, heated seats cushioned 
pneumatically with integrated compressed-air 
breathing apparatus, heated outside mirrors 
as well as swinging doors operated 


(ARFF) vehicle 

The next generation OSHKOSH® STRIKER® 
aircraft rescue and fire fighting vehicles are 
a response to direct input from ARFF pro- 
fessionals. By better understanding the 
needs of its customers Oshkosh is uniquely 
poised to deliver vehicles that meet and 
exceed expectations. 

The Striker vehicle combines rugged 
mobility with a smooth stable ride and 
easy operation. It's ability to outmaneuver 
and outperform any ARFF vehicle in its 
class has not only garnered it 
overwhelming respect, but a growing list 
of customers, including the U.S. Air Force, 
the New York Port Authority, O'Hare, 
Kuwait, Dallas-Fort Worth, Atlanta and Las 
Vegas International to name a few. 

The Striker truck features fast response 
acceleration, unmatched visibility and 
triple agent fire fighting capabilities. 


pneumatically opening ahead with swivel- 
ling treads for safe and easy access, even 
with breathing equipment put on. 

The Z 8 sets standards in the electronic 
features. Thanks to the cross-linkage of the 
electrical components by CAN-Bus all 
driving and control operations for the 
extinguishing technology can be brought 
together, evaluated and automated. The 
various parameters of the extinguishing 
unit are shown in graphical displays. Thus, 
actual data are available for preparation, 
intervention, and for maintenance. 

By these sophisticated features Ziegler 
provides a variety of advantages for the cus- 
tomer for being ready in case of emergency. 
Stuttgart Airport have procured four vehicles 
of this design, Zurich Unique Airport put five 
units into service recently and by the latest 
delivery end of 2006 Vienna International 
Airport operate a total of five Z8s now. 

For more information, please contact: 
ALBERT ZIEGLER GmbH & Co. KG 
Feuerwehrgeratefabrik und Schlauchweberei 
Postfach 16 80 
D-89531 Giengen/Brenz 
Germany 

Tel: +49 73 22 9 51 0 
Fax: +49 73 22 9 51 211 
Email: ziegler@ziegler.de 
Website: www.ziegler.de 


Designed to deliver unparalleled perfor- 
mance, safety and reliability, the Striker 
vehicle is the most advanced ARFF vehicle 
on the planet. 

Unparalleled fire fighting performance is 
one of the most critical factors in the 
success of any mission. And the Striker 
provides wide variety of roof and bumper 
turrets, and the available SNOZZLE® high- 
reach extendable turret. 

The Striker vehicle offers water tank 
capacities from 1,500 gallons all the way 
up to 45,000 gallons (17,033 I). Plus it's 
available with a dry chemical system 
including Hydro-Chem™ technology, a 
Halotron™ I clean agent system and up to 
540 gallons of foam for triple agent 
capability. 

The Striker truck also features Oshkosh's 
patented TAK-4® independent suspension 


Oshkosh® Striker® Aircraft 
Rescue and Fire Fighting 


50 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



AIRCRAFT RESCUE FIRE FIGHTING VEHICLE ROUND UP 



with dual control arms and 
single coil sprints that 
delivers more than 16 inches 
of wheel travel while reduc- 
ing stopping distances. The 
Striker truck also provides a 
full 17 inches of ground 
clearance and optional 
central tire inflation (CTI) 
system, mechanical rear axle 
steering and a semi-active 
suspension enhancement. 

Combined, these technol- 
ogies allow for excellent 
off-runway airport response. 

Safety is one of Oshkosh 
Truck's core values, and the 
Striker truck's list of safety 
features is extensive. The 
vehicle offers tremendous forward, 
upward and lateral visibility with more 
than 80 square feet of glass for a 
panoramic view of the scene. The cockpit 
features seating for up to five fire fighters 
and a centrally located driver's position. 
The wraparound cockpit-style dashboard 
puts jet fighter-like, point and shoot turret 


joysticks and other controls within easy 
reach of the driver for comfort and effi- 
ciency. The company even offers its own 
proprietary ARFF Driver-Safety classes, 
designed to improve the skills, confidence 
and safety consciousness of every 
firefighter who gets behind the wheel. 

Unmatched reliability is another 


hallmark of the Oshkosh 
Striker vehicle. The chassis 
has a proven track record for 
durability and strength. The 
Striker chassis also features 
the TAK-4 independent 
suspension and rugged 
Oshkosh® front and rear 
axles. Plus, Oshkosh backs 
the Striker vehicle with a 
24-hour, 7-days per week 
global support network. The 
company also offers on site 
maintenance classes for air- 
port mechanics. 

In short, the Oshkosh 
Striker is built to give 
firefighters everything they 
need to protect the airports 
they serve and respond with full force. 

For more information, please contact: 

Oshkosh Truck Corporation 

P.O. Box 2566, Oshkosh 

Wl 54903-2566, USA 

Tel: +1 920 235 9150 

Website: www.oshkoshtruck.com 


Unifire AB (Sweden) 


UNIFIRE AB announces that Crash Rescue 
Equipment Services, Inc. (Crash Rescue) has 
selected the Unifire Force series monitors 
for their aviation and industrial fire fighting 
products. 

Unifire, of Sweden (www.unifire.com), 
has manufactured high quality nozzles for 
firefighting and industrial applications for 
over 35 years. In recent years, Unifire has 
taken its expertise in nozzle design and 
construction and applied it to develop 
unique, stainless steel, remote-controlled, 
electric monitors - the Force50 and 
Force80. 

Crash Rescue, of Dallas, Texas 
(www.crashrescue.com), specializes in the 
remanufacture and support of all types 
and brands of airport firefighting equip- 
ment, as well as the manufacture of the 
Snozzle and other unique ARFF vehicles 
and equipment. 

Crash Rescues first application of the 
Force series monitors has been on the new 
65 ft. (19 meter) aerial water tower - 
Snozzle. Two Snozzle models have been 
designed: Hydra-Sword for municipal and 
industrial fire apparatus and Model 652 
for Aircraft Rescue Fire Fighting (ARFF) 
vehicles. These aerial devices are unique in 
that they have two monitors, each operat- 
ing at different levels. 

At the tip of the Snozzle, the Unifire 
Force50is located at the 65ft (19 meter) 
level andflows up to 500 gpm (1,900 
lpm).lt can be maneuvered into small 
openings formore preciseinterior fire 
fighting. This allows the Hydra-Sword to 
get through doorways and windows of a 


building, and the 652 can get through the 
over wing exits of an aircraft with ease. 
The base nozzle, the Unifire Force80,is 
located at the 50ft (15 meter) leveland 
flows up to 1,500 gpm (5,600 Ipm). 

The Hydra-Sword model has a number 
of unique characteristics. The unit is light 
weight and mounts midship behind the 
vehicle cab. It is the lightest 65ft (19 
meter) aerial device on the market. It does 
not require a torque box sub-frame, thus 
allowing for installation on a standard fire 
apparatus chassis. The location of the 
apparatus firepump, compartments, water 
tank and hose bed are unaffected. Both 
the Unifire Force 50 and Unifire Force 80 
nozzles can be used simultaneously thus 
directing fire fighting streams on two or 
more locations. All Hydra-Sword models 
utilize radio remote controls. 

The stainless steel 316 construction of 
the Unifire Force monitors makes them 
light weight, highly resistant to corrosion, 
extremely durable, and ideal for the foam 
agents discharged through the nozzle. 
Also, the unique proportional speed 
control of the Force monitors movement 
adds a new level of precise control for 
these large master streams. The program 
feature of the Force monitors allows the 
operator to record a range of motion as 
well as spray pattern and then have the 
monitor and nozzle repeat the sequence 
indefinitely. This is ideal for protecting 
exposures. In addition, the Force monitors 
control system utilizes CANBUS technol- 
ogy, which makes installation simple, 
reduces wiring requirements, and allows 



for custom controls not only of the 
monitor and nozzle, but also of additional 
devices. Each monitor can be controlled by 
multiple joysticks, or a single joystick can 
control multiple monitors. The monitors 
can even be controlled by a computer 
network. Unifire offers its Force monitors 
with an optional progressive radio remote 
control with international approvals, allow- 
ing the operator to precisely control the 
monitors while away from the vehicle. 

For more information, please contact: 

Roger Barrett James 

Director of International Sales and 

Marketing 

UNIFIRE AB 

Tel: +46 303 248 403 

Website: www.unifire.com 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


51 




With ventilators ranging in size from 200mm 
to 2m, volume to 1,250,000 cmh and motors 
driven by petrol, electric, or water, Super 
Vac can fill your needs. No matter what 
your requirements are, these ventilators are 
packed with design innovations that help on 
the fire scene including cushion tires that 
never go flat, full-width flip up handles, 
and precise lever action tilt WWW* S UR 1 fVd( 

control. To meet your specific info@SU|pervac.(Om 
ventilation needs, contact n7A LL1 c .\, t n7A , , 7 . 0A , 

your Super Vac dealer. WO.WJUt Fax: 970.667.4296 


THE VENTILATION SPECIALISTS 

Super Vacuum Manufacturing Co., Inc. 
P.O. Box 87 Loveland, CO 80539 



Russwurm Ventilatoren 

Made in Gerntiany 

mobile, compact but powerful fans 
are required. 

in strongest fire and rescue situations. Used in 
be equipped for all incidents. For every 
versions are available with certified 
offer a wide range of ATEX-certified 
21 and 22 in axial and radial design. 

If required, they can be 
customized to your 
needs. 


Detailed informations and PDF- files 
for downloads you can find at 
www.ruwu.de or you simply call us. 



v ruvsiu 

^ungs- Ventilatoren 


and you have the air under control 


Russwurm Ventilatoren GmbH | Ortsstrasse25 | D-86405 Meitingen-Ostendorf 

Phone: +49* &T7J-8175-0 | Fax: +49-8271 -81 75-40 | info@ruwu.de 

Image: Martin Grant 



professional 
) protection 
systems 


PROTECTION HOUSE, SHERB0URNE DRIVE, 
TILBROOK, MILTON KEYNES, BUCKS, ENGLAND 
MK78HX. tel: +44)0)1908 272240 

Everything You Need To Cope 
From A One Stop Shop 

www.ppsgb.com 


X INTELAGARD 


A REVOLUTION IN DECONTAMINATION 


NEW FOAM BASED D EC0.N TAM I NA8lT 4 ON ;RRppjJ£T 
FOR VEHICLE, BUILDING AND MASS LAND COVERAGE 
PORTABLE DELIVERY SYSTEMS AVAILABLE 


52 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 





VENTILATION 



Placing Fans for 
Optimum PPV 

Effectiveness 


By Roger 
Weinmeister 

Super Vacuum 
Manufacturing Co., Inc. 


PPV Basics - One of the most powerful tools in any fire departments arsenal is 
their ventilation equipment. Ventilation is essential not only for reducing 
property damage after the fire is extinguished, but even more importantly for 
improving life safety for both the firefighters and any victims of the blaze. 


I t is this key element, Life Safety, which has driven 
many departments to address the manner in 
which they ventilate on the fire ground. Using a 
fan to blow into a structure defies most sound 
firefighting theory. But it was found that the air 
did not have a significant effect on fire behavior. 
Similar to a typhoon, oxygenated air is drawn in 
low and heated combustion products are expelled 
upward. The fan, if set right next to the seat of the 
fire would greatly increase combustion. But when 
the fans energy is spread out over the entire room, 
it only has enough power to create a steering 
force on the combustion products, much the same 
as a weather front might steer a typhoon (figure 
1). Departments new to PPV should, at first, only 
use it after the fire has been extinguished. This will 
help them to gain knowledge that can then be 
taught during training. To effectively use PPV as a 
fire department requires that a majority of the 



Figure 1 


firefighters understand the concept and have been 
allowed to train with it prior to utilizing it in an 
actual fire. Always remember these basics when 
ventilating on the fire ground: 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


53 


VENTILATION 



Figure 2 


1 Never Use PPV in a Backdraft Situation (fire 
starved for Oxygen) 

2 Never Use PPV if there are people (victims or 
firefighters between the seat of the fire and the 
exit opening. 

3 Open the exit opening prior to using the PPV 
fan to pressurize the structure 

4 Coordinate the ventilation with other fire 
ground activities 

5 Always open and check for fire extension after 
main knockdown 

Positioning PPV Fans - Early in the adoption of 
PPV technology, there was great emphasis on seal- 
ing the door. The entire cone of air was supposed 
to cover the entry location. This generally caused 
the fan to be set > 3 meters from the entry door. 
With much work and testing, it has been found 
that PPV can be very effective with closer place- 
ments and the "seal" being formed inside the 
structure. This allows PPV to be used in situations 
where there is a smaller area near the entry (figure 
2). It is common to set units as close as 1 meter 
and provide very effective air movement. These 
close sets may be required on dwellings that have 
a small porch or a narrow hall way at the entry. 

Placement of multiple PPV fans is now much 
better understood also. The use of a "V" attack 
(figure 3) increases the flow of air into the building 
to more quickly ventilate any contamination. It 
also allows the hose lines and firefighters to move 
straight into the building. This parallel set is much 
more effective in ventilation of structures than 
older series set with two fans in series (figure 4). 



Figure 4 



Figure 3 


Just as using two pumps in parallel moves more 
water onto the fire, two fans in parallel moves 
more air into the structure. 

Care should be taken on tilting fans with petrol 
engines. Engine manufacturers design with a 
maximum tilt angle of 20°. This is due to the 
design of the oil pan and lubrication system. Most 
PPV fan manufacturers respect that limit and may 
add a degree or two of safety factor, since the unit 
may be set on a surface with a slight slope for 
drainage. Do not allow firefighters to crib the fan 
to greater angles by placing wooden blocks or 
other materials to steepen the fan angle when 
using petrol driven fans. Electric PPV fans can be 
cribbed to greater angles with no problem except 
the stability of the unit. 

Weather - Wind plays a big role in how 
effective your department can be when utilizing 
PPV technology. In general, PPV will not be very 
effective in wind speeds over 20 kph. In higher 
wind speeds, it is best to use the wind to your 
advantage. No wildland firefighting is done from 
the downwind side and this is also true for struc- 
ture firefighting in high wind. As wind speed 
increases, it is best to make smaller exit openings 
or to move air at angles to the wind direction. It is 
physically impossible to overcome high natural 
wind speeds with a small portable fan. 

Extreme cold does not negatively impact the 
effectiveness of PPV, but it can create freezing 
problems in the structure. This is not a problem in 
large fire, but could be on more routine ventilation 
situations. If someone has a small kitchen fire on 
the stove, do not over-ventilate causing the water 
pipes to freeze. 

Special Situations - The situations below 
require a better knowledge of PPV use and how to 
position fans for maximum effectiveness. If your 
department does not currently use PPV for 
ventilation, it would be best to not attempt the 
situations below. All of the following situations are 
greatly enhanced if you use existing ventilation 
systems whenever possible. 

High Rise Ventilation - One of the most 
powerful applications of PPV is its use to maintain 
the conditions of stairwells. Stairwells are the main 
arteries of high rise buildings. They are the means 
of egress for the occupants and the means of 



Figure 5 


54 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


VENTILATION 


PLACING FANS FOR OPTIMUM PPV EFFECTIVENESS 


ingress for the firefighters. Many buildings have 
pressurized stairwells built into them. The use of 
PPV can assist in this pressurization or perform the 
task for systems that are not functioning due to 
fire conditions. To properly perform ventilation in a 
high-rise full of people, many firefighters are 
needed to police the ventilation corridors and 
prevent occupants from inhibiting ventilation by 
other opening doors and windows. As with all 
firefighting situations, high-rise ventilation should 
be constantly monitored for effectiveness. If it is 
not working, evaluate the overall situation and 
correct the problems. 

Basements - Basements and other below 
grade situations can pose challenges to effective 
PPV fan placement. Generally, the problem is find- 
ing an appropriate outlet or enough outlet area. A 
common mistake is trying to place the fan so it is 
blowing directly down the stairway. It is perfectly 
acceptable to place the fan blowing into the front 
doorway, making sure the door to the stairway is 
held open, and there are adequate openings in the 
basement windows. This situation requires good 
coordination so other firefighters do not open 
other windows or doors. If this happens, the air 
will take the easiest route out of the structure, 
severely decreasing the effectiveness of the base- 
ment ventilation. If there are no other openings in 
the basement, either cut an opening in the floor 
to provide one, or use flexible ducting to provide 
one (figure 5). 

Large Commercial Buildings - Generally, 
large commercial buildings can be ventilated 
exactly the same way as smaller homes. The 
problem usually is the size of the PPV fan com- 
pared to the expanse of the building. The easiest 
solution is a very large fan (figure 6). However, it is 
still possible to ventilate large buildings with 
multiple small fans. Garage doors can be propped 
open Vi way, with 2-4 fans blowing into the 
opening created (figure 7). This can be done at 
more than one position for an even greater effect. 
Another problem with large commercial buildings 
is with the high ceilings. The best solution is to 
create openings in the ceiling (smoke vents, roof 
access doors, or other normal openings are best). 
If there are no openings in the ceiling, prepare for 



Figure 6 


a long wait until the structure is fully cleared. 

Implementing PPV - The use of PPV for fire 
ground ventilation can be phased in over time. It is 
important that a department practice with PPV after 
the fire before using during a fire. As confidence is 
gained, the instructors can start teaching PPV to 
various groups within the department. If they only 
teach the incoming rookies, those rookies will get 
on a fire scene and be overruled by the veterans. So 
instruct an entire group on PPV technology. Let 
them play with various scenarios. Time the ventil- 
ation of fake smoke with the veterans' method, then 
with PPV. The goal of a progressive department is to 
save as many lives as possible in the most difficult 
situation. By effectively using PPV in an aggressive 
manner, lives can be saved. Firefighters can avoid 
calling in the RIT team because they can see the 
buildings layout as they go in. PPV can also help in 
property conservation by allowing firefighters to 
quickly find the seat of a smoldering fire. Structural 
firefighting will always be one of the most 
dangerous situations faced during your caree r, so 
use all of the tools available to make it easier. EEQ 



Figure 7 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


55 



- 1 



ANGUS 

FIRE 


A UTC Fire & Security Company 




Emergency Hotline +44 (0) 15242 61166 


Local Service, Global Reach 


• Technical support from global network of 
distributors 

• Proven emergency foam delivery service 24/7 
world wide 

• Award-winning foam testing service 


Select a Foam Partner, 
Not Just a Supplier 

The moment you purchase a foam concentrate 
from Angus Fire you enter into a partnership with 
a company that is dedicated to supporting you. 


Angus Fire, Thame Park Road, Thame, Oxfordshire 0X9 3RT 

Tel: +44 (0)1844 265000 Fax: +44 (0)1844 265156 www.angusfire.co.uk 


World Leading Innovation 

• Proven track-record in research and development 

• International team of leading foam experts 

• Environmentally responsible technology 


4 




Widest Choice, Highest Quality 

• Largest foam manufacturer in the world 

• Complete range of synthetic and protein-based 
foams 

• Comprehensive UL Listings and LASTFIRE 
certification 



ARFF FOAMS ROUND UP 


Foam Story Coes On! 


For the past few years, fire fighting foams 
have come under scrutiny from various 
scientific laboratories in order to provide a 
better understanding of their impact on the 
environment. Originally, it was assumed that 
they were environmentally safe without fully 
appreciating the potential detrimental effects 
of releasing them to land or water. 


In May 2000, evidence revealed that 
PFOS - the major residue from 3M's 
AFFF range - had a unacceptable PBT 
(Persistent, Bioaccumulative, Toxic) 
profile. Since then, most countries, 
including the European Union, have 
enacted regulations to restrict or ban the 
use of PFOS-based compounds; thus 
PFOS is no longer a concern but history. 

Following the breaking of this news 
from 3M, other foam manufacturers 
claimed that they were not concerned as 
they were using alternative compounds 
known as fluorotelomers. As of today, 
fluorotelomers are still the technical 
answer for manufacturing AFFF. 

Most countries, including 
the European union, have 
enacted regulations to 
restrict or ban the use of 
PFOS-based compounds 

In the past six years, scientific studies 
have concluded clearly that the degrad- 
ation products of these so-called safe 
alternatives are Very Persistent and 
Bioaccumulative. One predominant com- 
pound PFOA has been proven Toxic, and 
a high suspicion of toxicity hangs over 
H-PFOS and PFHxA, which are nowadays 
major residues from AFFF degradation. 
In fact, no scientific evidence has ever 
proven positively that the alternative is 
safe. 

Ultimately, a scandal emerged in 
Germany in mid-2006. A study conducted 


under the authority of the Federal 
Environment Agency threw up evidence 
that breast milk was heavily contamin- 
ated with PFHxA, which meant that 
mothers were feeding their new-born 
babies and poisoning them at the same 
time! Growing pressure from German 
politicians is now demanding a total ban 
on these chemicals. It is noteworthy that 
PFHxA indicates in a rather obvious 
manner direct pollution from degrad- 
ation products of fluorotelomers such as 
those used in fire fighting foams. 

Lacking evidence of safety, one should 
be very cautious about claims that AFFF 
is safe. The best option should be to 
select fluorine-free foams whenever 
possible. From this starting point, we will 
consider two types of fires. The most 
common type of fire are those involving 


class A materials; these represent more 
than 95% of total fire interventions and 
are usually tackled by Fire Brigades. BIO 
FOR is the perfect answer for these risks. 
It meets relevant standards for the 
extinction of fire involving solids and has 
been proven to be more efficient than 
common foams on these fires; it can be 
used for a wide range of applications 
and is 100% fluorine free. Thus it will 
leave no persistent residues. 

The second type of fire are industrial 
fires involving liquid hydrocarbons - 
class B materials. ECOPOL has been 
developed to address these risks. Fully 
biodegradable and fluorine-free, it 
meets the EN 1 568 standard for both oil 
and chemical fires. 

These two Fluorine Free Foams have 
been extensively tested by the Hygiene 
Institute at Gelsenkirshen (Germany). 
Results clearly indicated that these 
foams were fully biodegradable, non- 
toxic and that they were safe for use at 
the recommended rate of dilution. Now 
we have safe products and can decide to 
choose this new generation of foams - 
for our environment, for our safety, for 
our children. The choice is entirely yours. 

For more information, please contact: 
Bio-Ex S.A. 

Z.l. La Petite Oliviere 
69770 Montrottier 
France 

Tel: +33 (0) 474 70 2381 
Fax: +33 (0) 474 70 2394 
Email: export@bio-ex.fr 
Website: bio-ex.com 


B/o-eX 

Advanced Quality 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


57 


ARFF FOAMS ROUND UP 


Tyco Foam Concentrates meet 
markets’ expectations 



TYCO's Finiflam® and Tutogen® foam 
concentrate brands are being heralded 
by the company as meeting the needs of 
firefighters who are unwilling to com- 
promise on foam quality. The Finiflam 
concentrates are designed for marine, 
airport and offshore installations; heli- 
decks; sprinkler systems; process plants; 
storage tanks; pumping stations, and for 
use with non-air-aspirating hand noz- 
zles. Tutogen concentrates are targeted 
specifically at fighting Class B hydro- 
carbon fires involving crude oil, petrol 
diesel and aviation fuel. 

Finiflam, an AFFF [aqueous film 
forming foam] concentrate, is available 
in six variants: Finiflam A3F 1% EN; 
Finiflam A3F 3% EN; Finiflam A3F 6% 
EN; Finiflam A3F 3% EX; Finiflam A3F 
6% EX; and Finiflam A3F 3% LU. All are 
based on fluoro-surfactants, hydro- 
carbon tensides and glycolethers. The 
Finiflam EN concentrates are approved 
to EN 1568-3, while the UL concentrate 
is Underwriters Laboratories approved. 
Tutogen is a fluroprotein foam con- 
centrate that is a combination of 
fluorochemical surfactants, hydrolyzed 
proteins and anticorrosion agents. Four 
options are available: Tutogen FP 3% 


EN; Tutogen FP 6% EN; Tutogen FP 3% 
EX, and Tutogen FP 3% UL. 

Both concentrates are designed to be 
used with a variety of conventional equip- 
ment. This includes: balanced-pressure 
and in-line balanced-pressure pump pro- 
portioning equipment; balanced-pressure 
bladder-tank-type proportioners; around- 
the-pump proportioners; fixed and 
portable in-line venturi proportioners, 
and fixed and hand-line nozzles with 
fixed induction/pick-up tubes. 

The foam produced by Finiflam con- 
centrates extinguishes hydrocarbon fires 
by direct and indirect application. An 
aqueous film is formed on the surface of 
spills and larger hydrocarbon fires, 
covering the fuel and preventing hydro- 
carbon evaporation. Finiflam ensures 
excellent burn-back resistance, and holes 
in the foam blanket caused by raindrops 
or gusts of wind are quickly resealed by 
the spreading aqueous film. The foams 
can be used with all foam-compatible 
dry chemical extinguishing powders, and 
sea water can be used without any 
increase in the application rate. 

Tutogen is claimed by Tyco to be the 
ideal foam for sub-surface injection 
systems - a technique pioneered by 


SKUMTM - due to its resistance to the 
hydrocarbon pick-up effect. It is said to 
be ideal for extinguishing medium polar- 
ity flammable liquids, such as toluene, 
xylene, phenol and acryonitril. Its wet- 
ting characteristics also make it suitable 
for fighting Class A fires. Among the 
many advantages claimed for it over 
conventional protein concentrates are its 
higher burn-back resistance due to its 
lower fuel pick-up, faster extinguishing, 
and improved compatibility with sea 
water. Also, the foam is not damaged by 
its plunge into the burning fuel, which 
inevitably occurs when the foam is not 
gently applied, as is the case with 
monitors or hand nozzles. 

Tyco has published a series of 
product datasheets on the Finiflam 
and Tutogen concentrates. They 
are available by email on 
tspmarketing.emea@tycoint.com, 
by telephone on +49 (0)221 67 850 f 
or by fax on +49 (0)221 67 85 207. 

tUCO / Fire & 

/ Security 


58 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 












BIO-EX S.A. - Z.l. La Petite Oliviere - 69770 Montrottier - FRANCE 
Tel. +33 (0)4.74.70.23.81 - Fax +33 (0)4.74.70.23.94 - export@bio-ex.fr 


www.bio-ex.coin 


High quality 
foam concentrates 
and foam equipment 



“THE INDEPENDENT ALTERNATIVE" 


DAFO FOMTECAB 
P.O Box 683 

SE- I 35 26Tyreso Sweden 

Phone: +46 8 506 405 66 
Fax: +46 8 506 405 29 
E-mail: info@fomtec.com 


f< 


omt* 


Fire Fighting Foams & Equipment 



ARCTIC FOAM 

by SOLBERG SCANDINAVIAN 



SOLBERG 

SCANDINAVIAN 

FIREFIGHTING FOAM AND EQUIPMENT 


Visit our website; 

www.arcticfoam.com 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


59 







ARFF FOAMS ROUND UP 


Petroseal Aviation Foam 
from Angus Fire 


Petroseal from ANGUS FIRE represents 
the world's most advanced fire aircraft 
fire fighting foam technology. It is the 
number one aviation foam for Airport 
Fire & Rescue Services in the UK. It is 
also used by civilian and military aviation 
authorities, airlines, international airports 
and heliports in over fifty countries 
world wide. 

Petroseal is a Film-Forming Fluoro- 
Protein (FFFP). It is the only type of fire to 
successfully combine the rapid flame 
knockdown of conventional film-form- 
ing foams like AFFF with the high levels 
of post-fire security that are unique to 
FluoroProteins. This post-fire security is 
essential in protecting fire crews from 
the dangers of sudden and unexpected 
re-ignition and burn back during rescue 
operations. 

Petroseal passes the most stringent 
performance requirement "Level B" of 


ANGUS 
FIRE 

A UTC Fire & Security Company 

the International Civil Aviation Organisa- 
tion (ICAO) foam standard, it is Listed by 
Underwriters Laboratories Inc. in the 
USA and it fully complies with the 
requirements of the UK Ministry of 
Defence Standard 42-40. Petroseal is 
also manufactured to BS EN ISO 
9001:2000 Quality Management Sys- 
tems. 

Based on a natural protein and free of 
PFOS and synthetic detergent, Petroseal 
has excellent environmental credentials. 
It is available in 3% and 6% grades and 
is readily proportioned using convention- 
al foam proportioning equipment. It can 


be applied with standard non-aspirating 
discharge devices such as spray/fog 
branchpipes and nozzles as well as low 
and medium expansion branchpipes. 

The unique formulation of Petroseal 
means that it can be used at tempera- 
tures as low as minus 15°C and is unaf- 
fected by repeated freezing and 
thawing. Exceptionally stable in long- 
term storage, it has a shelf-life of at least 
ten years. 

Reduced stocks, low cost storage, 
long shelf-life and low usage levels all 
combine to make Petroseal the most 
cost-effective fire fighting foam currently 
available to aviation fire fighters. 

For further infoamation, please contact: 
Tel.: +44 (0) 1844 265000 
Fax: +44 (0) 1844 265156 
Email: general.enquiries@kiddeuk.co.uk 
Website: www.angusfire.co.uk 



Airport firefighting 

There is no room for error when fighting fires in airports, with the life 
risk involved everything must run smoothly otherwise there could be 
dire circumstances. Airport fire fighters constantly train and have to 
prove their competence to ensure that the chance of any mistakes are 
eliminated but "sods law" states that anything can happen and often 
does and normally at the worst time. 


When it comes to using foams, fire fight- 
ers need to be confident that they will 
do what they are intended to do, every 
time, without fail but not all firefighting 
foams are the same. 

Foams that contain proteins like FP 
and FFFP start to degrade as soon as they 
leave the factory so if they are not stored 
properly or tested regularly it could be 
that they are below specification. Foam 
inducting equipment such as 'around the 
pump proportioned' are checked regu- 
larly. But what if something simple, like 
not being flushed properly after use, 
allows sediment to build up in the valves 
and prevents them from operating cor- 
rectly? Perhaps an inexperienced pump 


operator sets up the proportioning sys- 
tem incorrectly and delivers foam at less 
than 3% or perhaps the new recruit 
plunges a jet of foam into a spill fire and 
does not apply a foam blanket using a 
more gentle application allowing a lot of 
fuel pick up. All these things mean that a 
fire fighting foam is being asked to do 
more than is normally expected and may 
cause them not to work as expected. 

What is needed is a foam concentrate 
that can withstand such harsh treatment, 
a foam with "Built in safety". The Arctic 
Foam AFFF range has just that, a "built in 
Safety" that means regardless of the 
mistakes made by operators and regard- 
less of poor maintenance it will always 



ARCTIC FOAM 

by SOLBERG SCANDINAVIAN 

work. It makes no difference if the foam 
is abused in storage or if the fire fighter 
does not induct it at the correct rate or if 
the inexperienced fire fighter makes a 
mistake Arctic Foam AFFF will always do 
the job that it is designed to do it will 
always extinguish fire very rapidly and 
will secure post fire spills. 

Airport fire fighters need all the help 
they can get and having an Arctic Foam 
AFFF available will always give them the 
confidence that they will succeed 
regardless of what "sods law" might 
throw at them. 

For more information, please contact: 
Joop Rijnbout 

General Sales & Marketing manager 
Solberg Scandinavian AS 
joop@arcticfoam.com 
www.arcticfoam.com 


60 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


Foam fire fighting systems - 
weve got it covered 


When quick reactions under extreme stress are 


Typical high risk applications 


needed, it matters that the tools to deliver are both 
unquestionably reliable and specifically designed for 
the task. If you fight fire fast with the right combination 
of product and delivery system, you can save lives, 
critical assets and scarce resources. 


• Petro-chemical - Oil terminal; 

Storage tank protection; Bund protection 

• Marine - Tankers; Machinery spaces; 
Ferries; Offshore support and 

Fire fighting vessels 


Skum brings over 70 years of invaluable expertise to 
fire fighting. Backed by a programme of continuous 
research and development, Skum has an enviable 


• Aviation - Hangars; Helidecks; 
Crash vehicles 


reputation at the forefront of fire fighting technology 
and is renowned worldwide for its quality and 
innovation. Innovations such as Hot Foam™ systems 
for enclosed spaces or the unique FJM corrosion free 
monitor. 

In short, Skum has it covered. 


• Industry - Sprinkler 
systems; Foam spray deluge 
systems; Medium/high 
expansion foam systems 

• Power Generating Plants - 

Transformers; Cable tunnels; 
Conveyors; Coal bunkers 






Systems for high risk sites 


HotFoam™ systems for 
enclosed areas 



Systems for aircraft hangars 

Skum 70 years of exceptional reliability 



For further information, please contact: 
Tyco Safety Products, 

Le Pooleweg 5, 2314 XT Leiden, Netherlands 
Tel: +31 (0)71 5419 415 Fax: +31 (0)71 5417 330 
E-mail: tspmarketing.emea@tycoint.com 
Web: www.skum.com 


tlfCO 


' Fire & 
Security 


HotFoam is a trademark of a subsidiary of Tyco Holdings (UK) Ltd. Copyright © A subsidiary of Tyco Holdings (UK) Ltd. 




e2v technologies 


Thermal imaging just got hotter 


The argus^ 

Want to know why e2v’s argus®4 is the hottest thermal 
imaging camera on the market? At a reduced weight of 
only 1.5kg and the ability to adapt the camera to suit 
individual requirements, this camera brings together 
practical usability without compromising comfort, safety 
and durability. 

— •> Light, small and robust 
•••* Up to 100 image capture capability 
•••;> Personalised screen options 
— •> Full colour display 
••••> Digital electronics 
••••:• x2 zoom 


argUS% The heavy duty lightweight 

Ol +44 (0)1245 453443 


www.argusdirect.com 




By Paul Spooner 

Product and Marketing 
Manager, 

E2V Technologies 


THERMAL IMAGING CAMERAS 



The Thermal 
imaging Camera: 


A look at the past, present and 
future 


The world we live in is a high speed, high tech environment; every day brings 
new products or applications that are designed to make our lives easier and 
more efficient, for example the advancements in portable phones and hand-held 
computers means that our lives have taken on a fluid and instant quality. 


A ccess to a wealth of information is only a 
touch of a button away regardless of 
l whether you are sat at a desk or on the 
move and gone are the days of calling someone 
from a fixed telephone line, today we can choose 
from several different communication methods to 
instantly communicate with family, friends or 
colleagues anywhere around the globe. 

This unstoppable progression in technology 
infiltrates all areas of life and the firefighting 


industry is no exception, we have all become part 
of the technology revolution, embracing change 
and looking out for the next product that will 
improve our lives and our jobs. 

Over the last twenty-five years the thermal 
imaging camera has evolved continuously. Ever 
since e2v's (then EEV) introduction of the first 
hand held Thermal Imaging Camera (TIC) for fire 
fighters in 1981, there have been many changes. 
Although a revolutionary invention, the first 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


63 



THERMAL IMAGING CAMERAS 



cameras were also large, heavy, in-flexible and by 
today's standards, very basic. They used pyrelectric 
vidicon tubes, which were fragile and offered poor 
performance, in modern day TICs all cameras 
use solid state Focal Plan Arrays (FPAS) making 
them strong enough to cope with the harsh 
environment and handling, synonymous with 
firefighting. 

These advancements have happened thanks to 
the de-restriction of the technology from military 
use, to dual use, which allows the detectors to be 
used in commercial products. Although some 
restrictions still apply, the majority of Fire Brigades 
around the world are now able to purchase these 
pieces of life saving equipment. 

With each new product the expectations of the 
end user has increased and the environments 
the cameras have to survive in have become even 


more varied. Where once a simple point and view 
camera was all that was needed, the end-user 
now wants, and needs, more advanced functions 
and features. Customer demand has meant that 
we have seen the cameras slowly get smaller and 
lighter, and as technology has advanced, new 
features have been introduced to make the camera 
easier to use; LCD viewing screens, colourisation 
(today, all cameras have colour schemes to provide 

Although some restrictions 
still apply, the majority of 
Fire Brigades around the 
world are now able to 
purchase these pieces of 
life saving equipment. 

the user with the ability to detect the spread of 
the fire, first introduced on the Argus3 camera), 
image capture, remote video transmission, tem- 
perature measurement and digital zoom are 
common offerings in the modern camera. 

Thermal cameras today mainly use Micro- 
bolometer technology detectors based upon 
Vanadium Oxide (VOX) or Amorphous Silicon (ASi) 
sensing materials. ASi has always been perceived 
as having the poorer performance compared to 
other technologies, but recent progress has 



Securiton AG, Alarm and Security Systems 
www.securiton.eu, info@securiton.eu 

Securiton RUS 

www.securiton.ru, info@securiton.ru 

Securiton Representative Office Malaysia 
www.securiton.eu, asia@securiton.com. my 

A company of the Swiss Securitas Group 


/ Q> SECURITON 

For your safety 


Pipe Breakage 
PipeB/eekaae 


Smoke too thin to be detected? No such thing. 

The SecuriRAS® ASD aspiration smoke detector 


64 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



THERMAL IMAGING CAMERAS 


A LOOK AT THE PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE 


allowed improvement in the performance to nearly 
match that of the VOX detectors. 

To meet these customer demands TIC manu- 
facturers use state-of-the-art detectors and design 
the electronics and software to produce the 
highest levels of performance. 

Essential features for current firefighter themal 
imaging cameras include: 

Thermal cameras today mainly 
use Microbolometer 
technology detectors based 
upon vanadium Oxide (VOX) 
or Amorphous Silicon (ASi) 
sensing materials. 

• Durability 

The ability for the camera to be dropped 
without damage or loss of functionality. The 
cameras have to be light enough to held in 
one hand but rugged enough for the tough 
environment. 

• Environmental 

Must withstand low and high temperature 
exposure and be submerged to a depth of 
1 metre without water ingress. Temperatures at 
a fire scene can reach over 500 degrees 
centigrade and although the cameras will not 
reach these temperatures they must be able to 
be resistant. 

• Performance 

The camera has to reach highest levels of 
performance for battery life, picture quality and 
dynamic range. The camera's software has to 
able to: 

- Constantly monitor and control the internal 
temperatures 

- Be able to react to external conditions to 
allow the best possible picture quality at all 
times. 

Future advancements in 
thermal imaging camera 
technology will be 
influenced by the reduction 
in price and size. 

The progress we have seen in the market to 
date has included: 

• Smaller pixels sizes 

This has created detectors that have smaller 
packages and higher resolution. For example: 
pixel size of less than 25microns from 
55microns and resolutions from 160 x 120 
pixels, up to 640 x 480 pixels. 

• Performance improvements 

The minimum discernable temperature 
difference of the original pevicon tube based 
cameras was approximately 0.3°C (300MK), 
whereas the performance of the new sensors 
sees this value reduce to 0.05°C (50Mk). 


• Dynamic Range 

The dynamic range of a camera is the range 
of temperatures the cameras can see. With 
pevicon tube cameras this range was limited 
was 400°C, today that range can be in excess 
of 1000°C. 

The trend in previous years was to use smaller 
format array detectors but in recent years larger 
formats are being used. This has come about by 
the reduction in pixel size, the ability to produce 
the detectors at the same prices as the smaller 
formats. The markets have opened up outside the 
fire market meaning the detectors are produced in 
larger quantities and the fire camera manufac- 
turers are seeing the benefit through reduction of 
price based upon economy of scale. 

Currently Helmet mounted cameras are being 
developed with good resolutions and applications, 
advances will continue in this area to make smaller, 
lighter products with continuous improvement on 






ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


65 




THERMAL IMAGING CAMERAS 


A LOOK AT THE PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE 



resolution and picture quality. The benefit of 
helmet mounted cameras is that the firefighters 
hands are completely free, they don't have to 
worry about holding the camera or the possibility 
of dropping it, also removing the need for a 
separate cameraman allows firefighters to find the 
victim or partner and exit quickly without using 
reference points, which could slow the rescue 
down, the disadvantages with current models are 
that they are found to be cumbersome and image 
can be lost through fogging of the firefighters 
mask, also the helmet tends to move around, 
requiring constant adjustment. 

Looking further into the future, 
the possibility of a ‘Heads-up’ 
display on the firefighters BA 
(breathing apparatus) mask is 
certainly a potential. 

Future advancements in thermal imaging 
camera technology will be influenced by the 
reduction in price and size. As these factors come 
down, the personal camera could soon become a 
possibility. The personal camera could become 
small enough and cheap enough for every 
firefighter to have one as part of their basic kit, 
removing the need for a separate cameraman. The 
challenge with the personal camera is designing 
something that can be stored on the firefighters 
uniform neatly and easily when not in use, so that 
it doesn't hinder a rescue where the firefighter will 
need both hands free. 

Looking further into the future, the possibility 
of a 'Heads-up' display on the firefighters BA 
(breathing apparatus) mask is certainly a potential. 
In this instance the visual would be transmitted 
from a miniature camera to the mask, projecting a 


colour image right in front of the firefighters eyes. 
The advantages to this technology are; that it 
would be hands free enabling the firefighter 
to use the thermal camera at all times, even 
when exiting with a casualty, there would be 
no cumbersome apparatus to attached to the 
helmet which has the possibility of falling off, 
finally the problem of constant adjustment could 
be removed as the mask would be in a fixed 
position on the face. 

Another serious consideration for thermal 
imaging camera manufacturers looking to bring 
new products to market are the Environmental 
considerations that must now be undertaken. In 
Europe the Reduction of Hazardous Substances 
directive (RoHS), outlines the restriction of the use 
of certain hazardous substances in electrical and 
electronic equipment. This Directive bans the 
placing on the EU market of new electrical and 
electronic equipment containing more than agreed 
levels of lead, cadmium, mercury, hexavalent 
chromium, polybrominated biphenyl (PBB) and 
polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame 
retardants. This means that all new Thermal 
Cameras have to be compliant with the RoHS 
directive. Although some manufactures are selling 
product under exemption, eventually all electronic 
and electrical equipment sold in Europe will have 
to be compliant. This directive, or forms of it are 
being introduced throughout the world. Japan and 
China have their version of the directive and in 
certain states in the USA this directive is being 
actively investigated. This directive was a major 
consideration for e2v when developing the 
Argus™4 and is the first compliant Thermal 
imaging camera. 

Thermal imaging camera's have come a long 
way since they first came on the scene, they are 
smaller, lighter and the picture quality has 
improved ten fold. The camera of the future is yet 
to be decided, but one thing is certain, pro gress 
cannot be stopped. EEQ 


66 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


Our cutting-edge technology brings you the 
smallest fire figthing thermal imaging camera 

Half the size of the original 
SoloVision and the lightest 
firefighting TIC in the world 

The SOLOvision S2 can be used as a hands-free unit or it can be 
hung over the neck like a pair of binoculars using the neck strap. It 
is the lightest and smallest thermal imaging camera in the World. 

It is suitable for use with all known breathing apparatus and gas 
masks. As an all round camera with the capability to monitor for fire 
/ search and rescue of victims, there is no better camera 
for the job. 



• 3600AS sensor giving 
sharper, cleaner image 
perception than 
competitors 

• Search and rescue 

• Industrial disasters 

• Weighs approx 650g 

• Spot temperature 

• Water proof IP67 

• Choice of colour palettes 

• Vibration proof 

• Picture storage 

• Withstand a flashover 

please call our Sales for details 

of over 1 000°C for 

• Optional end user 

10 seconds 

telemetry available 

• Identify objects through 

please call OUR Sales for details 

darkness, fog, smoke 

• Fire watch / suppression 

and blinding light 




Our lightest and 
smallest, long 
wavelength infrared 
camera core 



don’t go it alone 

go with solo 



Agencies worldwide. For full details or to arrange a demonstration with a GB Solo 
representative contact - GB Solo Ltd. Tel: +44 (011609 881 8SS 

• Fax: +44 [0)1609 881103 • email: sales@gbsolo.co.uk • www.gbsolo.co.uk 







Distributor and Representative Offices 


AMKUS INC 

AUSTRALIA 

DRAEGER PACIFIC 

Tel: 61-3-9265-5000 
Fax: 61-3-9265-5097 
Email: warren.levin@draeger.com.au 
Contact: Warren Levin 

Dealer/Distributor 

CHINA 

KINGDAN 

Tel: 852-2385-0199 
Fax: 852-2388-5131 
Email: kingdan@hkstar.com 
Contact: Gary Wan 

Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 
SAFETECH LTD 

Tel: 852-2687-4038 
Fax: 852-2687-2784 
Email: andy@safety.com.hk 
Contact: Andy Chan 

Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

DELIS TOOLS LTD 

Tel: 64-3-327-4103 
Fax: 64-3-327-7676 
Email: delis@clear.net. nz 
Contact: Paul Delis 

Dealer/Distributor 

PHILIPPINES 

MEDTRADE LTD 

Tel: 63-45-888-2131 
Fax: 63-45-893-0818 
Email: medtrade1_2004@yahoo.com 
Contact: Reymond Poblete 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 


SUPER PREMIUM CO 

Tel: 886-2-8226-5855 
Fax: 886-2-8226-5856 
Email: spctwn@ms9.hinet.net 
Contact: Will. Hung 

Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

CAMPING EQUIPMENT 

Tel: 66-2-377-0379 
Fax: 66-2-374-4108 
Email: celpdps@loxinfo.co.th 
Contact: Yod Watana 

Dealer/Distributor 

PACIFIC TOOL GROUP 

Tel: 66-2-886-7556 
Fax: 66-2-886-7585 
Email: exec@pacificandfire.com 
Contact: Dirk Bloxham 

Dealer/Distributor 

ANGUS FIRE 

AUSTRALIA 

KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 

314 Boundary Road, Dingley Vic 3172 
Mailing Address: 

PO Box 682, 

Braeside Vic 3195 

Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 

Tel: 03 9518 5588 

Fax: 03 9518 5577 

Email: info@angusfire.com.au 

Website: www.angusfire.com.au 

Representative Office 


BANGLADESH 

PFH FIRE PROTECTION 

P 0 Box 327, Seria 7003, 

Negara Brunei Darussalam 

Tel: (00 673) 3 332 519 

Fax: (00 673) 3 332 519 

Contact: HJH. B.A. Noraliza (General Manager) 

Dealer/Distributor 

CHINA 

KIDDE CHINA 

Product Support & Sales Office, 

21/F Tower 2, 

88 Container Port Road, 

Hong Kong 

Tel: 00 852 2334 2388 
Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 
Email: general@kidde-china.com 
Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager) 
Fax: 03 9518 5577 
Email: info@angusfire.com.au 
Website: www.angusfire.com.au 
Representative Office 

HONG KONG 

CENTURION FIRE FIGHTING CO 

Room A, 13th Floor 
Go-Up Commercial Building 
998, Canton Road, 

Mongkok, Kowloon 

Tel: (00 852) 2332 7071 

Fax: (00 852) 2332 6145 

Email: johnny@centurionfire.com.hk 

Contact: Johnny Yuen (Manager) 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

VIJAY INDUSTRIES & PROJECTS LTD 

35, Chandivali 

Off Saki Vihar Road 

Andheri (East), Mumbai 400 072 

Tel: +91 22 851 8773 

Fax: +91 22 852 6067 

Email: info@vijayin.com 

Website: http://www.vijayin.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

PT RANTAI LAUT 

Jl Kemang Raya No. 11, 

Jakarta Selatan 

Tel: (00 62) 21 717 90122 

Fax: (00 62) 21 717 90607 

Website: www.rantai-laut.com 

Contact: Jimmy Singh 

Email: jimmy@rantai-laut.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN 

OWEN LTD 

2-5-20 Gokou-Nishi 

Matsudo-Shi Chiba T270-2218 

Tel: (00 81)47 389 5510 

Fax: (00 81)47 385 1763 

Email: owen@msi.biglobe.ne.jp 

Contact: Mr Masao Oyake (Managing Director) 

Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

INDECO CORPORATION 

814 Daewoo, The-O-Plus Building 
1 142-2 Sanbondong Gunposi 
Kyunggido, Korea 435-040 
Tel: (00 82) 31 390 6911/2 
Fax: (00 82) 31 390 6913 
Email: thomas@esafety.co.kr 
Contact: Thomas Park (President) 

Mobile: (00 82) 1 1 726 2248 
Dealer/Distributor 


MACAU 

CENTURION FIRE FIGHTING CO 

Room A, 13th Floor 
Go-Up Commercial Building 
998, Canton Road 
Mongkok 
Kowloon 

Tel: (00 852) 2332 7071 
Fax: (00 852) 2332 6145 
Email: johnny@centurionfire.com.hk 
Contact: Johnny Yuen (Manager) 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

KINSAJASA SDN BHD 

1st Floor 

2298 Pujut 5 Shoplot 
98000 Miri 
Sarawak 
East Malaysia 

Tel: 6085 665802 or 660423 

Fax: 6085 655803 or 655402 

Email: kinsar@tm.net. my or 

ksajaservice@mvjaring.net 

Contact: Roger Ling (Mobile: 6019 855 0360) 

Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 

Street Address: 

3 1 4 Boundary Road, Dingley Vic 3 1 72 
Mailing Address: 

PO Box 682, Braeside Vic 3 1 95 
Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 
Tel: 03 9518 5588 
Fax: 03 9518 5577 
Email: info@angusfire.com.au 
Website: www.angusfire.com.au 
Representative Office 

PAPUA NEW GUINEA 

KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 

Street Address: 

3 1 4 Boundary Road, Dingley Vic 3 1 72 
Mailing Address: 

PO Box 682 , Braeside Vic 3 1 95 
Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 
Tel: 03 9518 5588 
Fax: 03 9518 5577 
Email: info@angusfire.com.au 
Website: www.angusfire.com.au 
Representative Office 

PHILIPPINES 

ALARM SYSTEMS CORP 

Unit 3205 

Summit-1 Office Tower 

530 Shaw Road 

Mandulayong City 

Tel: (00 632) 532 0556 

Fax: (00 632) 533 6476 

Email: mail@alarmsystems.com.ph 

Contact: Allen Lim 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE. LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

1 7-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 1 19958 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Contact: Bob Graham (Sales Manager, 

Fire Fighting Products) 

Dir Tel: (00 65) 6424 7938 
Mobile: (00 65) 9671 1567 
Email: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 
Representative Office 


68 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


TAIWAN 

SENSOR LTD 

No. 8-1, Rueiguang Road 
Neihu Chiu, Taipai, Taiwan 1 14 
Tel: (00 886)2 8792 9881 
Fax: (00 886) 2 8792 9885 
Email: sensor.fire@msa.hinet.net 
Website: www.sensorfire.com 
Contact: Alex Jeng 
Email: alex@sensorfire.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

AB GROUP 

42 Soi Ngam Duplee, Sathorn, Bangkok 10120 

Tel: (00 66) 2 2871570 

Fax: (00 66)2 2871460 

Contact: Phairot Bulpakdi (Managing Director) 

Dealer/Distributor 

ANSUL 

INCORPORATED 

INDONESIA 

ANSUL INCORPORATED 

Bangun Tjipta Bldg, Level 3B 
Ji Jend Gatot Subroto No. 54 
Jakarta 10260, Indonesia 
Tel: 62 21 536 77662 
Fax: 62 21 536 77663 
Representative Office 

BAUER 

COMPRESSORS 

BRUNEI 

BAUER COMPRESSORS ASIA PTE LTD 

2 Alexandra Road, #01-03A Delta House 

Singapore 159919, Singapore 

Tel: +65 6271 6271 

Fax: +65 6272 3345 

Email: info@bauer-compressors.com.sg 

Representative Office 

CHINA 

BAUER KOMPRESSOREN CHINA LTD 

707 Block A, M.P. Industrial Centre 
1 8 Ka Yip Street, Chai Wan 
Hong Kong S.A.R 
Tel: +852 2595 1898 
Fax: +852 2595 0878 
Email: bkc@bauerchina.com 
Representative Office 

INDIA 


ALLIED SOLUTIONS PVT LTD 

313/314, Raikar Chambers, 

Govandi [East], Mumbai -400 088 
Tel: 022 6797 8056/57/58 
Fax: 022 2557 6234 
Email: kini@alliedsolutions.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

MOUNT EVEREST ENGINEERING 
COMPANY 

A-103 Gokul Arcade, Sahar Road 
Vile Parle (East) Mumbai 400 057, India 
Tel: +91 (22)8202558 
Fax: +91 (22)8205792 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

MARINE & INDUSTRIAL 
COMPRESSORS 

304 Thomson Road 

Singapore 307654 

Tel: +65 6250 6018 

Fax: +65 6253 8443 

Email: masmarin@singnet.com.sg 

Dealer/Distributor 


JAPAN 

BAUER COMPRESSORS CO. LTD 

10-36 Ryutsu-center 
Kitakami-shi Iwate-ken 
024-0014 Japan 
Tel: +81 0197 68 2251 
Fax: +81 0197 68 2225 
Representative Office 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

TECKO CO. LTD. 

S.K Technopark 

Mega Center Room 201/202 

190-1 Sangdeawong 1-Dong 

Jungwon-gu, Sungnam-city 

Kyungki-do 

Korea 

Zip 462-705 

Tel: +82 2 3461 3000-3 and +82 31 776 2442 
Fax: +82 2 529 4240 and +82 31 776 2444 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

SK CRYOGENICS SDN BHD 

No 5, Jalan TP 7/6 

Sime U.E.P. Industrial Park 

Section 26 40400 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia 

Tel: +60 3 5192 4269/70 

Fax: +60 3 5192 4235 

Dealer/Distributor 

PAKISTAN 

ALPINE INDUSTRIALCON (PVT) LTD 

305/2 G.T. Road 
Baghbanpura, Lahore, Pakistan 
Tel: +92- 42- 685 2313 
Fax:+92- 42-367 4655 
Email: alpinelahore@hotmail.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

PHILIPPINES 

CEBU ERNBRI IMPORT, 
INC/AQUAVENTURE WHITETIP DIVE 
SUPPLY 

Ermita Office: 

Unit 101 Joncor II Bldg, #1362 A.Mabini Street 
Ermita Manila , Philippines 1000, Philippines 
Tel: +632 521-0433 
Fax: +632 522-1 165 

Website: www.aquaventurewhitetip.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

BAUER COMPRESSORS ASIA PTE. LTD 

2 Alexandra Road 

#01 -03A Delta House 

Singapore 159919, Singapore 

Tel: +65 6271 6271 

Fax: +65 6272 3345 

Email: info@bauer-compressors.com.sg 

Representative Office 

MARINE & INDUSTRIAL 
COMPRESSORS 

304 Thomson Road 

Singapore 307654 

Tel: +65 6250 6018 

Fax: +65 6253 8443 

Email: masmarin@singnet.com.sg 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

MING SHEN ENTERPRISE CO LTD 

5, PaShih 1 street 
DanShui Town, Taipei, 

Taiwan 25170, Taiwan (Republic of China) 

Tel: +886 (2) 28095789 

Fax: +886 (2)28096189 

Email: www.bauer-kompressoren.de/ 

sales/bcmail_en.php?id=233> 

Website: www.3arrow.com.tw 
Dealer/Distributor 


THAILAND 

INTERSOL ENGINEERING & 
TECHNOLOGY PTE LTD 

160 Rimklongprapa Road 
Bangsue Bangkok 10800 
Thailand 

Tel: +66 2 9106 445 

Fax: +66 2 9106 446 

Email: www.bauer-kompressoren.de/ 

sales/bcmail_en.php?id=235> 

Dealer/Distributor 

VIETNAM 

MEKONG SCUBA SUPPLY LTD. 

Saigon Tower 

29 Le Duan Blvd, Suite 1600 
Ho Chi Minh City 
Vietnam 

Tel: +848 823 6294 
Fax:+848 823 6288 
Email: mikedoyle44@hotmail.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

BRISTOL UNIFORMS 

BANGLADESH 

MANIK BROTHERS 

Hai Mansion (3rd Floor) 

9/3 Motijheel Circular Road 

Dhaka - 1000 

Bangladesh 

Tel: +880 2 7100 589 

Fax: +880 2 7100 386 

Email: manikbrs@1postbox.com 

Contact: Mr A K Bhowmick 

Dealer/Distributor 

BRUNEI 

DASAPREM (M) SDN BHD 

10 & 12 Jalan Muara 8/9 
40000 Shah Alam 
Selangor Darul Ehsan 
Malaysia 

Tel: +603 550 9060 
Fax: +603 550 4486 
Email: dasaprem@yahoo.com 
Website: www.dasaprem.com 
Contact: Mr Prem R Murthy 
Dealer/Distributor 

CHINA 

SHENZHEN RUFN INDUSTRIAL CO LTD 

RM-701 7/F Leaser Tower 
1st Fuhua Rd 
Shenzhen 
China 

Tel: +86 755 8399 9581 
Fax: +86 755 8399 9548 
Email: wj@rufn88.com 
Contact: Amy Jin 

Dealer/Distributor 

FIJI 

PHILLIPS & SMITH LIMITED 

10 Akatea Road, Glendene 

Auckland 

New Zealand 

Tel: +649 818 8048 

Fax: +649 818 4484 

Email: stuart@firemaster.co.nz 

Website: www.firemaster.co.nz 

Contact: Mr S Hampton 

Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

CHUBB HONG KONG LIMITED 

3 Hok Yuen Street East 
Hung Horn 

Kowloon, Hong Kong 
Tel: +852 2746 9628 
Fax: +852 2785 0849 

Dealer/Distributor 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


69 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


INDIA 

FOREMOST MARKETING PVT LTD 

M-1 Green Park Extn, 

New Delhi 110016 
India 

Tel: +91 11 261 969 82 
Fax: +91 11 261 669 61 
Email: foremost@vsnl.net 
Website: www.foremostsafety.com 
Contact: Mr Vinay Khanna 
Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

DASAPREM (M) SDN BHD 

10 & 12 Jalan Muara 8/9, 

40000 Shah Alam 
Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia 
Tel: +603 550 9060 
Fax: +603 550 4486 
Email: dasaprem@yahoo.com 
Website: www.dasaprem.com 
Contact: Mr Prem R Murthy 
Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

PHILLIPS & SMITH LIMITED 

10 Akatea Road, Glendene, 

Auckland, New Zealand 

Tel: +649 818 8048 

Fax: +649 818 4484 

Email: stuart@firemaster.co.nz 

Website: www.firemaster.co.nz 

Contact: Mr S Hampton 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

YEN LEE FIREWELD PTE LIMITED 

18 Penhas Road, 208182, Singapore 

Tel: +65 62909890 

Fax: +65 62961444 

Email: don@fireweld.com.sg 

Website: www.fireweld.com.sg 

Contact: Mr Don Tay 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

SHENG-TAI FIRE PROTECTION 
INDUSTRIAL CO LTD 

No 222-2 Sec2, Cheng Tai Rd 
Wu-Ku Shiang, Taipei, Hsien, Taiwan 
Tel: +886 22292 1751 
Fax: +886 22291 1984 
Email: sato@mail. mold. net. tw 
Website: www.shengtai.com.tw 
Contact: Liu Yuan Hung 
Dealer/Distributor 

CHEMETRON 

CHINA 

CHUBB CHINA 

1/F Guard Force Centre 
3 Hok Yuen Street East, 

Hunghom 

Kowloon, Hong Kong 
Tel: +852-23622632 

Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

CHUBB HONG KONG 

1/F, Guard Force Centre 
3 Hok Yuen Street East 
Hunghom 

Kowloons, Hong Kong 
Tel: +852-23622632 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

PT DRACO 

PO. Box 2, Tambun 17510 Jkt, Indonesia 
Tel: +62-21-8800058 

Dealer/Distributor 


KOREA (SOUTH) 

YU-IL 

#168 Samsung-Dong 

Samsung Bldg Rm 401 Gangnam-Gu, Seoul, Korea 
Tel: +01 1-82-2-565-7121 

Dealer/DistributorMACAU 

PHILIPPINES 

PALMER ASIA INC 

33 Edsa Bangkal, 1233 Metro, Manila, Philippines 
Tel: +632 751 7774 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

SEALAND RESOURCES 

Block 30 Kallang Place, #06-21 To 24 Kallang 
Kallang Basin Industrial Est, Singapore 
Tel: +65-62968180 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

CHENG AN FIREGUARD IND 

9/F No. 97 Sec. 2, Nan-Kang Road, Taipei, Taiwan 
Tel: +011-8862-27888349 

Dealer/Distributor 

DRAEGER SAFETY 

CHINA 

BEIJING FORTUNE DRAEGER SAFETY 
EQUIPMENT CO LTD 

Yu An Lu 22, B Area, Beijing Tianzhu Airport 

Industrial Zone, Shunyi District, Beijing, 101300 

Tel: +86 10 8049 8000 

Fax: +86 10 8049 8005 

Email: peter.wang@draeger.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

PT DRAEGERINDO JAYA 

Jl. Benda Raya No. 54 DEF-Kemang 

Jakarta Selatan 12560 

Tel: +6221 788 41880 

Fax: +6221 781 0230 

Email: jakarta.headoffice@draeger.co.id 

Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN 

DRAEGER SAFETY JAPAN LTD 

3-8-1 Tokyo, 2-chome, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135 0047 
Tel: +81 3 44615111 
Fax: +81 3 44 615100 
Email: yukata.kataoka@draeger.co.jp 

Representative Office 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

DRAEGER SAFETY ASIA 

Daejong Bid. #1 106, Korea Representative Office 
Bang-l-dong, Songpa gu, Seoul, Korea 
Tel: +82 2 6415 8222 
Fax: +82 2 6415 8223 
Email: sdseo3@magicn.com 
Representative Office 

MALAYSIA 

DRAEGER SAFETY ASIA PTE LTD 

14 Jalan PJS 1 1/18, Sunway Technology Park 

46150 Petaling Jaya, Selangor 

Tel: +60 3 5635 6460 

Fax: +60 3 5635 4171 

Email: dsa.malaysia@draeger.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

DRAEGER SAFETY PACIFIC PTE LTD 

Unit O, No. 150 

Harris Road, EastTamaki, Auckland 
Tel: +649 273 3160 
Fax: +649 273 3159 
Email: geert.herder@draeger.com 

Dealer/Distributor 


TAIWAN 

DRAEGER SAFETY TAIWAN CO LTD 

1 2/F, Kuohwa Building, 868-5 Chungcheng Rd, 
Chungho City, Taipei county 235, Taiwan 
Tel: +886 (02) 2223-6388 
Fax: +886 (02) 2223-2258 
Email: sales.taiwan@draeger.com 
Representative Office 

THAILAND 

DRAEGER SAFETY (THAILAND) LTD 

Chamnan Penjati Business Centre 

Unit 65/210 25th Floor 

Rama 9 Road, Huay Kwang, Bangkok 10310 

Tel: +662 6438 701/2 

Fax: +662 6438 700 

Email: sales@draeger.co.th 

Representative Office 

E2V TECHNOLOGIES 

INDIA 

FOREMOST MARKETING PVT LTD 

M-1, Green Park Extn, New Delhi 1 100016, India 

Tel: 00 91-11-261-96982 

Fax: 00 91-11-261-66961 

Email: foremost@vsnl.net 

Website: www.foremostsafety.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN 

CORNES DODWELL LTD (OSAKA) 

13-40 Nishihonmachi 1-chome, Nishi-ku 

Osaka 550-0005, Japan 

Tel: + 81-6-6532-1012 

Fax: + 81-6-6532-7749 

Email: e-device@cornes-dodwell.co.jp 

Website: www.cornes-dodwell.co.jp 

Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

GODO ENGINEERING CO LTD 

1 FL. 142-5 Yeonhee-2 

Dong Soedaemun-Gu, Seoul, Korea, 120-112 

Tel: 822-3141-1236 

Fax: 822-3141-1270 

Email: info@godoeng.com 

Website: www.godoeng.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

ELKHART BRASS 

AUSTRALIA 

FIRE RESPONSE PTY LTD 

71 Prince William Dr, PO. Box 668, Seven Hills 

2147, Australia 

Tel: +61 2 9838 9071 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

PT REJECKI UTAMA 

Wisma Geha, 5th Floor, JL Timor 25 
Jakarta, Indonesia 
Tel: +62 21 316 2779 

Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

PSL PHILLIPS & SMITH LTD 

PO. Box 69-028 
Glendene 

Auckland, New Zealand 
Tel: +64 9 8184484 

Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

GUARDFIRE LIMITED 

42/2 Teo Hong Bangna Building, Moo 10, 
Bangna-Trad Road 
Bangkok 10260, Thailand 
Tel: +66 2 7467031 

Dealer/Distributor 


70 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


FIRE FIGHTING 
ENTERPRISES 

AUSTRALIA 

AMPAC INDUSTRIES PTY LTD 

97 Walters Drive, Osbourne Park 
Western Australia 6017 
Tel: 00 61 892 423 333 
Fax: 00 61 892 423 334 

Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

HLK SERVICES LTD 

Room 1111, Tower B, Hung Horn Commercial 

Centre, 39 Ma Tau Wai Road 

Hung Horn, Kowloon, Hong Kong 

Tel: 00 852 23303083 

Fax: 00 852 23656128 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

NITIN FIRE PROTECTION INDUSTRIES 
LTD 

501, Delta, Technology St., Hirananandani Gardens, 
Powai, Mumbai -400 076, India 
Tel: 00 91 22 25700392 
Fax: 00 91 22 25701 110 

Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

HI MAX CO LTD 

Sicox Tower 115-Ho 513-14, Sangdaewon-Dong, 

Jungwon-Gu,Sungnam-City 

Kyungki Do, Korea 

Tel: 00 82 31 769 7698 

E-Mail khkim@himax1 19.co.kr 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

FITTERS ENG.SERVS SDN BHD 

No.1 Block C, Jalan Dataran Sd 1 Pju 9, 52200 
Bandar Sri, Damansara, Kuala Lumpar, Malaysia 
Tel: 00 60 3 62767155 
Fax: 00 60 3 62758712 

Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

AMPAC INDUSTRIES LIMITED 

PO. Box 100-149 
North Shore Mail Centre 
Glenfield, Auckland, New Zealand 
Tel: 00 64 94438072 
Fax: 00 64 94438073 
Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

ACCLAIM SYSTEMS PTE LTD 

Blk 104 Boon Keng Road, 05-01 
Singapore 339775 
Tel: 00 656 2990 798 
Fax: 00 656 299 3735 

Dealer/Distributor 

ALARM SUPPLY PTE LTD 

63 Jalan Pemimpin 

03-07 Pemimpin Industrial Building 

Singapore 577219 

Tel: 00 656 258 3445 

Fax: 00 656 258 6428 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

HORING LIH IND CO LTD 

4F No 18 Lane 327 
Chung Shan Road 
Sec 2 Chung-Ho-City 
Taipei Hsien 
Taiwan 

Tel: 00886 2224 87599 
Fax: 00886 2224 07752 
Email ahtaipei@me26.hinet.net 

Dealer/Distributor 


THAILAND 

F.B. (THAILAND) LTD 

75 Soi Rubia, Sukhumvit 42 Road 
Bangkok 10110, Thailand 
Tel: 00 66 2 3902445 
Fax: 00 66 2 3811197 

Dealer/Distributor 

TEEYA MASTER SYSTS CO LTD 

100/101-102 Vongvanji, Building B, 30Th Fir, 

Rama 9 Road, Huaykhwang 
Bangkok 10320, Thailand 
Tel: 00 662 2 6451130 
Fax: 00 662 2 2488540 
Dealer/Distributor 

HELMET INTEGRATED 
SYSTEMS 

AUSTRALIA 

CHUBB FIRE AUSTRALIA 

120 Silverwater Road, Silverwater 
NSW 21 18, Australia 
Tel: +61 2 8748 7440 
Email: Graham_Harris@chubb.com.au 

Dealer/Distributor 

BRUNEI 

GLAMCO AVIATION (B) SDN BHD 

GPO Box 2793 

Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei BS 8675 
Tel: +673 2 451757 
Email: shran@brunet.bn 

Dealer/Distributor 

CHINA 

WUXI FIRETRE SAFETECH 

No 8, 2nd Floor, Xian Li Road, WUXI, Jiangsu 
Province 214021 , People's Republic of China 
Tel: +86 510 275 3771 
Email: gao@pub.wx.jsinfo.net 

Dealer/DistributorFIJI 

HONG KONG 

SAFETECH LIMITED 

Block C Unit 11, 1 1th Floor, Wah Lock Industrial 

Centre, Shan Mai Street 

FoTan Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

VIJAY SABRE SAFETY PVT LTD 

Plot 35 Chandivali Village, Off Saki Vihar Rd, 
Mumbai 400 072, India 
Tel: +91 22 28475488 
Email: vijaysabre@vsnl.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

PT BUMI CERAH AGUNG 

Komplex Karang, Anyar Permai, Jl Karang Anyar 
No 55 /Cl -17, Jakarta 10740, Indonesia 
Tel: +62 21 6246954 
Email: rudybca@centrin.net. id 

Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

JIN-ASIA CORPORATION 

889-3 Daedae-Ri, Unghon Myun, Ulzoo-Kun, 

Ulsan City, South Korea 
Tel: +82 52 221 9871 
Email: jinasia@nownuri.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

DASAPREM (M) SDN BHD 

10 & 12 Jalan Muara 8/9, 4000 Shah Alam, 
Selangor, Darul Ehsan, Malaysia 
Tel: +60 (3) 551 00957 
Email: dasaprem@dasaprem.com 

Dealer/Distributor 


NEW ZEALAND 

CHUBB FIRE & SAFETY PRODUCTS 

3 Fisher Crescent, Mt Wellington 
Private Bag 9220, Auckland, New Zealand 
Tel: +64 9 270 7234 
Email: Daryl_Brown@chubb.co.nz 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

PROGRESSIVE INDUSTRIAL 
EQUIPMENT COMPANY 

24 New Industrial Rd 

#02-08 Pei Fu Building, Singapore 536210 
Tel: +65 6282 7722 
Email: pie@pacific.net.sg 

Dealer/Distributor 

PHILIPPINES 

ALLIANCE INDUSTRIAL SALES 

Unit 109, Cluster 3, Makati Prime City, 7708 St Paul 
Road San Antonio, 1203 Makati City, Philippines 
Tel: +632 890 8818 
Email: alliance8Jcy@pacific.net.ph 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

SECOROC CORPORATION 

219 Chung Cheng North Road 
San Chung City, Taipei Hsien, Taiwan 
Tel: +88 2 8985 3838 
Email: secoroc@ms21 .hinet.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

CHASE ENTERPRISE (SIAM) CO LTD 

497 Phrapinklao Road, PO Box 7-67 
Bangyeekhan, Bangplad, Bangkok 10700, Thailand 
Tel: +66 2 883 2880 
Email: chase@loxinfo.co.th 

Dealer/Distributor 

KERR 

AUSTRALIA 

FIRE RESPONSE PTY LTD 

PO Box 668, New South Wales 1 730, 

Seven Hills, Australia 

Contact: Geoff Marchant 

Tel: 0061 02 9838 9044 

Fax: 0061 02 9838 9071 

Email: firemail@fireresponse.com.au 

Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

ON MAN SAFETY EQUIPMENT CO 

6/F Block FI, Hong Kong Industrial Building 

444-452 Des Voeux Road, West Hong Kong 

Contact: Micheal Lui 

Tel: 00852 254 72658 

Fax: 00852 254 72674 

Email: miclui@ctimail3.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

NITIN FIRE PROTECTION INDUSTRIES 
LIMITED 

501, Delta, Technology Street, Hiranandani 

Gardens, Powai, Mumbai 400-076, India 

Contact: Vijay Shelar 

Tel: 0091 22 2570 0392 

Fax: 0091 22 2570 11 10 

Email: shelarv@nitinfire.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

DASAPREM (M) SDN BHD 

10 & 12 Jalan Muara 8/9, 40 000 Shah Alam 

Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia 

Contact: T.D. Murthy 

Tel: 00603 5510 0957 

Fax: 00603 5510 4486 

Email: dasaprem@yahoo.com 

Website: www.dasaprem.com 

Dealer/Distributor 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


71 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


NEW ZEALAND 
PSL 

PO Box 69-028, 10 Akatea Road 

Glendene, Auckland, New Zealand 

Contact: Anne Hadfield 

Tel: 0064 9 818 8048 

Fax: 0064 9 818 4484 

Email: anne@firemaster.co.nz 

Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

THE EAST ASIATIC (THAILAND) 

PUBLIC CO LTD - EAC 

1 168/98-100 Lumpini Tower, 33rd Floor, 

Rama IV Road, Kwang Thungmahamek, 

Khet, Sathorn Bangkok 10120, Thailand 
Contact: Patcharaporn S. 

Tel: 0066 2689 5999 
Fax: 0066 2689 5888 
Email: patcharaporn@eac.co.th 
Dealer/Distributor 

KIDDE FIRE 
PROTECTION 

AUSTRALIA 

KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 

Street Address: 

314 Boundary Road, Dingley Vic 3172 
Mailing Address: 

PO Box 682, Braeside Vic 3195 
Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 
Tel: 03 9518 5588 
Fax: 03 9518 5577 
Email: info@angusfire.com.au 
Website: www.angusfire.com.au 
Representative Office 

BRUNEI 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

1 7-01 & 04 Alexandra Point, Singapore 1 1 9958 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: http://www.kiddeasia.com 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven.tan_s_c@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Representative Office 

CHINA 

KIDDE CHINA 

Product Support & Sales Office, 

21/F Tower 2, 88 Container Port Road, Hong Kong 

Tel: 00 852 2334 2388 

Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 

Email: general@kidde-china.com 

Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager) 

martin.dowson@kidde-china.com 

Representative Office 

HONG KONG 
KIDDE CHINA 

Product Support & Sales Office, 21/F Tower 2, 

88 Container Port Road, Hong Kong 

Tel: 00 852 2334 2388 

Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 

Email: general@kidde-china.com 

Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager) 

martin.dowson@kidde-china.com 

Representative Office 

INDIA 

KIDDE INDIA 

Vijay Industries & Projects Ltd 
35, Chandivali, Off Saki Vihar Road 
Andheri (East), Mumbai 400 072 
Tel: +91 22 851 8773 
Fax: +91 22 852 6067 
Email: info@vijayin.com 
Website: http://www.vijayin.com 
Representative Office 


INDONESIA 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 119958 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven.tan_s_c@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Representative Office 

JAPAN 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 119958 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven. tan_s_c@kidde-asia. com. sg 

Representative Office 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 119958 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven.tan_s_c@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Representative Office 

MACAU 

KIDDE CHINA 

Product Support & Sales Office 
21/F Tower 2 
88 Container Port Road 
Hong Kong 

Tel: 00 852 2334 2388 

Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 

Email: general@kidde-china.com 

Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager) 

martin.dowson@kidde-china.com 

Representative Office 

MALAYSIA 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 119958 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven. tan_s_c@kidde-asia. com. sg 

Representative Office 

NEW ZEALAND 

KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 

Street Address: 

314 Boundary Road 
Dingley Vic 3172 
Mailing Address: 

PO Box 682 

Braeside Vic 3195 

Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 

Tel: 03 9518 5588 

Fax: 03 9518 5577 

Email: info@angusfire.com.au 

Website: www.angusfire.com.au 

Representative Office 


PAPUA NEW GUINEA 
KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 

Street Address: 

314 Boundary Road 
Dingley Vic 3172 
Mailing Address: 

PO Box 682, Braeside Vic 3 1 95 
Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 
Tel: 03 9518 5588 
Fax: 03 9518 5577 
Email: info@angusfire.com.au 
Website: www.angusfire.com.au 
Representative Office 

PHILIPPINES 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

1 7-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 1 19958 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven.tan_s_c@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Representative Office 

SINGAPORE 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

1 7-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 1 19958 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven.tan_s_c@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Representative Office 

TAIWAN 

KIDDE CHINA 

Product Support & Sales Office 
21/F Tower 2 
88 Container Port Road 
Hong Kong 

Tel: 00 852 2334 2388 

Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 

Email: general@kidde-china.com 

Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager) 

martin.dowson@kidde-china.com 

Representative Office 

THAILAND 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

1 7-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 1 19958 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven. tan_s_c@kidde-asia. com. sg 

Representative Office 

NITTAN 

AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND 

QESS FIRE AND SECURITY 

Quantum Business Park 
Unit 60 
7-9 Percy St. 

Auburn NSW 2144 
Australia 

Tel: +61 2 9737 0933 
Email: sales@qess.com.au 
Website: www.nittan.com.au 

Dealer/Distributor 


72 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


NOTIFIER/INERTIA 
FIRE SYSTEMS 

AUSTRALIA 

NOTIFIER/INERTIA FIRE SYSTEMS 

Sydney, Australia 
Tel: 61-2-9899-4155 
Fax: 61-2-9899-4156 

Additional Locations: Brisbane, Queensland 
Melbourne, Victoria 

Representative Office 

CHINA 

NOTIFIER CHINA 

Shanghai, China 
Tel: 86-21-5027-21 19 
Fax: 86-21-5027-31 19 

Representative Office 

HONG KONG 

NOTIFIER HONG KONG 

Kowloon, Hong Kong 
Tel: 852-2730-9090 
Fax: 852-2736-6590 

Representative Office 

INDIA 

NOTIFIER INDIA 

Mumbai, India 
Tel: 852-2730-9090 
Fax: 852-2736-6590 

Dealer/Distributor 

Additional Locations in India: New Delhi, Chennai, 
Bangalore, Calcutta, Gurgaon 

SINGAPORE 

NOTIFIER SINGAPORE 

Tel: 65-6271-5503 
Fax: 65-6271-9961 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

NOTIFIER TAIWAN 

Taipei, Taiwan 

Tel: 886-2-2245-7248 

Fax: 886-2-2245-0927 

Representative Office 

PPS LTD. 

AUSTRALIA 

PETER MURPHY 

OPEC Systems Pty Ltd 
3/4 Aquatic Drive, Frenchs Forest 
New South Wales 2086 
Australia 

Tel: +61 2 9453 9077 
Fax: +61 2 9975 7808 
Website: www.opecsystems.com.au 

Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

ANDY CHAN 

Safetech Limited 

Block C Unit 11-12 

1 7/F, Wah Lok Industrial Centre 

Shan Mei Street, FO Tan 

Shatin N.T., Hong Kong 

Tel: +852 2687 4038 

Fax: +852 2684 2784 

Website: www.safetech.com.hk 

Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN 

JUN TAKAHASHI 

Cornes Dodwell & Company Limited 
F-Nissei Ebisu Building 
16-3, Higashi 3-chome 
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150-845, Japan 
Tel: +81-3-5774-9971 
Fax: +813-5774-9980 
Website: www.cornes.co.jp 
Dealer/Distributor 


KOREA (SOUTH) 

KOAN NAMKUNG 

Godo Enginerring Ltd, 3F, 219-2, 

Buam-dong, Jongro-gu 
Seoul, 110-817, Korea 
Tel: 822-396-1522 
Fax: 822-396-1524 
Website: www.godoeng.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

MAZLAN OMAR 

TMR Alam Sdn Bhd 
G-9 Impian Kota 
Jalan Kampung Attap 
50460 Kuala Lumpur 
Malaysia 

Tel: +60 3227 35200 
Fax: +60 3227 35171 

Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

RICHARD LUKOMSKI 

Wholesafe, 6 Main Street, 

PO Box 40 

Foxton 5555, New Zealand 
Tel: +64 6363 7311 
Email: richard.lukomski@ppsgb.com 
Website: www.acourt.co.nz 

Dealer/Distributor 

OPEC SYSTEMS PTY LTD 

3-4 Aquatic Drive, 

Frenchs Forest, 

New South Wales 2086, Australia 

Contact: Peter Murphy 

Tel: +612 9453 9077 

Fax: +612 9975 7808 

Website: www.opecsystems.com.au 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

JOSEPH CHOO 

W H Brennan & Co Pte Ltd 
47 Loyang Way, 

Singapore 508739 
Tel: +654 9511 
Fax: +6545246 

Website: www.whbrennan.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

FORCE 21 EQUIPMENT PTE LIMITED 

61 Kaki Buki Ave 1 , 

Shun LI Ind Park 

02-24 S (41 7943), Singapore 

Contact: Mr Daniel Cheah 

Tel: 0065 6848 4424 

Fax: 0065 6848 4434 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

NELVEN CO LIMITED 

14F-6 No 76 Seel, 

Fu-Shing S Road, Taipei, Taiwan 
Tel: +886 22721 9770 
Fax: +886 28773 2047 
Website: www.nelven.com.tw 
Dealer/Distributor 

RUSSWURM 

VENTILATOREN 

GMBH 

AUSTRALIA 

COMSOLINT 

1402-2214 Gold Coast HWY 

AU-4218 Mermaid Beach 

Queensland 

Tel: 0061 4394 93332 

Fax: 0061 7300 90527 

Email: info@comsolint.net 

Dealer/Distributor 


CHINA 

WUHAN GDW-BROCOO 

Pneumatic Technique Co. Ltd. 

No 1001 B Building, Triumphal Arc 

CN-430070 Plaza Xudong Road 

Wuhan, China 

Tel: +86 27 86835595 

Fax: +86 27 86728946 

Email: brocoo58@yahoo.com.cn 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

GAS ENGG. P LTD. 

C408, Shiv Sagar, Plot No 79 
Gorai II, Borivali West 
IND-400 091 Mumbai, India 
Tel: 0091 9820035452 
Email: gec@vsnl.net 
Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

NARAYANI AGENCIES 

J. B. Business Centre, Room No. 18, 

Fifth Floor 506, 116 Park Lane S.D. Road 
IN-500003 SECUNDERABAD 
Indonesia 

Email: sunita_na2001@yahoo.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

SECURITON AG 

AUSTRALIA 

AUSTRALIAN FIRE ENTERPRISES (AFE) 

PO Box 7027, Mannering Park, 

NSW 2259, Australia 
Contact: Mr Mike Donegan 
Tel: 61 2 43 592 244 
Fax: 61 2 43 593 301 
Email: aidrs@ozemail.com.au 
Dealer/Distributor 

CHINA 

SECURITON AG, ALARM AND 
SECURITY SYSTEMS 

Alpenstrasse 20, CH-3052 Zollikofen/Berne 

Tel: +41 31 910 13 21 

Fax: +41 31 910 16 16 

Email: claudia. flueckiger@securiton.ch 

Website: www.securiton.ch 

Contact: Claudia Flueckiger 

Representative Office 

SHENZHEN YAOHUAJI CHINA CO LTD 

RM.F, 20th Floor Yong - Hui Building, Guo-Qi 

Building, Shenzhen 

Contact: Mr Raymond Ng 

Tel: +86 755 8212 9863 

Fax: +86 755 8212 9909 

Email: ywk@ywk.com. hk 

Website: www.ywk.com.hk 

Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

YIU WAH (KOGARAH) CO LTD 

Room 901 , 9th Floor, No 1 1 3 Argyle Street, 

Mongkok, Kowloon, Hong Kong 

Contact: Mr Raymond Ng 

Tel: +852 2781 1384 

Fax: +852 2782 6652 

Email: ywk@ywk.com. hk 

Website: www.ywk.com.hk 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

VIMAL FIRE CONTROLS PVT LTD 

19/20 Vardhaman Service Industrial Estate, 

L.B.S. Marg, IN-400083 Vikhroii (West) 

Mumbai, India 
Contact: Mr Vijay Doshi 
Tel: +91 22 2578 3335 
Fax: +91 22 2578 3338 
Email: vijay@vimalfire.com 
Dealer/Distributor 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


73 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


KOREA (SOUTH) 

ROYAL INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 
CORPORATION 

Royal Building, 3rd Floor 

840-5 Yeoksam-Dong, Kangnam-Ku 

Seoul, Korea 

Tel: +82 2 567 8881 

Fax: +82 2 567 8831 

Email: jschung@ritco.co.kr 

Website: www.ritco.co.kr 

Contact: Mr J.S. Chung 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

FITTERS HOLDING BHD 

Lot 2221, Kg. Jaya Industrial Area 
MY-47000 Sg. Buloh Selangor, Malaysia 
Tel: +60 3 61 57 61 99 
Fax: +60 3 6157 0801 
Email: chankokhoe@fittersgroup.com 
Website: www.fittersgroup.com 
Contact: Mr Richard Wong 
Dealer/Distributor 

SECURITON AG, REPRESENTATIVE 
OFFICE ASIA 

No. 19A, Lorong Rahim Kajai 13 
Taman Tun Dr. Ismail 
MY-60000 Kuala Lumpur, 

Malaysia 

Tel: +60 3 7725 1699 
Fax: +60 3 7725 1677 
Email: asia@securiton.com. my 
Website: www.securiton.ch 
Contact: Mr Lewis Chong 
Representative Office 

TAIWAN 

ATLAS TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION 

22F, No 1 Bausheng Road, 

Yunghe City, Taipei, 

Taiwan 234, R.O.C. 

Tel: +886 2 223 20 556 
Fax: +886 2 223 16 657 
Email: david@atlasgroup.com.tw 
Website: www.atlasgroup.com.tw 
Contact: Mr David Liu 
Dealer/Distributor 

GICTEC INTERNATIONAL COMPUTING 
CO LTD 

No. 49 Goang Shi Road, 

Kaohsiung, Taiwan R.O.C. 

Tel: +886 7 715 4285 
Fax: +886 7 715 4401 
Email: Iic@ms9.hinet.net 
Website: www.gictec.com.tw 
Contact: Mr Franco Lee 
Dealer/Distributor 

UNIVERSAL PATH DEVELOPMENT 
CORPORATION (UPDC) 

9F-1 306, Sec. 1 
NeiHu Road, Taipei 
Taiwan R.O.C. 

Tel: +886 2 8751 6055 
Fax: +886 2 8751 6053 
Email: tchung@updc.com.tw 
Website: www.updc.com.tw 
Contact: Mr Terry Chung 
Dealer/Distributor 

TASK FORCE TIPS, INC. 

AUSTRALIA 

GAAM EMERGENCY PRODUCTS 

29 Temple Dr., 

PO Box 21 1 Thomastown 
Victoria, 3074, Australia 
Tel: +61 3 9466 1244 
Fax: 61 3 9466 4743 
Email: bkincade@tycoint.com 
Website: www.gaam.com.au 
Dealer/Distributor 


CHINA 

SHANGHAI JINDE INDUSTRY 
DEVELOPMENT CO LTD 

Room 610, 1 Lane 50, Xin Cun Road 

Shanghai, 200065, China 

Tel: +86 21-360-50599 

Fax: +86 21-360-55599 

Email: jmgushon@online.sh.cn 

Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

ROTTER INTERNATIONAL LIMITED 

Unit A G/F. Hung To Road 

6-8 Hung To Road 

Kowloon 

Hong Kong 

Tel: 85227517770 

Fax: 85227562051 

Email: jacky@rotter.com. hk 

Dealer/Distributor 

UNIVERSAL CARS LIMITED 

UCL House, 374-380 Castle Peak Road 

Tsuen Wan, N.T., Hong Kong 

Tel: +852 2414 0231 

Fax: +852 2413 6063 

Email: andrewplh@simedarby.com.hk 

Website: www.mitsubishi-motors.com.hk 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

FOREMOST TECHNICO PVT LIMITED 

M-1, Green Park Extension 
New Delhi 110016, India 
Tel: +91 (11) 2619 6997 
Fax: +91 (11) 2616 6961 
Dealer/Distributor 
Mumbai Resi./Office: 

803, 8th Floor, Bldg. No. 23 C, Opp. 

Jalvayu Vihar, Hiranandani Gardens, Powai, 
Mumbai - 400 076 
Email: info@tca.co.in 
Website: www.tca.co.in 

INDONESIA 

PT PALMAS ENTRACO 

Jl. Krekot 85, Jakarta-Pusat, Indonesia 
Tel: +62 (21) 384 1681 
Fax: +62 (21) 380 2660 
Email: ptpalmas@attglobal.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN 

YONE CORPORATION 

23, Nishinakaai-Cho 

Nishinokyo, Nakagyo-Ku, Kyoto 604, Japan 

Tel: +81 (7) 582-11185 

Fax: +81 (7) 580-12263 

Email: t.yone@myad.jp 

Website: www.yone-co.co.jp 

Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

SHILLA FIRE CO LTD 

433-1 1 Non Hon-Dong 

Nam Dong-Gu, Inchon City 405-300 

South Korea 

Tel: +82-02-3665 9011 

Fax: +82-02-3663 9113 

Email: kofire77@hotmail.com 

Website: www.firekorea.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

CME EDARAN SDN BHD 

Lot 1 9, Jalan Delima 1/1 
Subang Hi-Tech industrial Park 
Batu Tiga, 4000 Shah Alam 
Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia 
Tel: +60 (3) 56331 188 
Fax: +60 (3) 56343838 
Email: simon. tan@cme.com. my 
Dealer/Distributor 


PHILIPPINES 

ALLIANCE INDUSTRIAL SALES 

Unit 109 Cluster 3 
Makati Prime City 
7708 St. Paul Rd. 

Brgy San Antonio 

Makati City, Philippines 

Tel: +63 (2) 897-2037 

Fax: +63 (2) 896-0083 

Email: alliance8_jcy@pacific.net.ph 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

S.K. FIRE PTE LTD 

8 Tuas Drive 2 
Singapore 638643 
Singapore 
Tel: +65 6862 3155 
Fax: +65 6862 0273 
Email: houchin@skfire.com 
Website: www.skfire.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

YONE CORPORATION 

23, Nishinakaai-Cho, Nishinokyo 

Nakagyo-Ku 

Kyoto 604, Japan 

Tel: +81 (7) 582-11 185 

Fax: +81 (7) 580-12263 

Email: t.yone@myad.jp 

Website: www.yone-co.co.jp 

Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

ANTI-FIRE, CO. LTD 

316-316/1 Sukhumvit 22 Rd 
Klongtoey Klongtoey 
Bangkok, 101 10 Thailand 
Tel: 6622596898 
Fax: 6622582422 
Email: sithichai@antifire.com 
Website: www.antifire.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

SEAT PATTAYA CO LTD 

138/74, 18th Floor, Jewellery Centre, 

Nares Road 

Siphraya, Bangrak 

Bangkok 10500, Thailand 

Tel: +66 (2) 267 3273 

Fax: +66 (2) 267-3280 

Email: pongpen@loxinfo.co.th 

Dealer/Distributor 

TYCO FIRE & 
SECURITY 

INDONESIA 

TYCO FIRE & SECURITY 

Pt. ODG Wormald Indonesia 

Jl . Let Jen. TB. Simatupang no. 1 50 B 

Tanjung Barat, Jagakarsa, Jakarta, 12530 

Representative Office 

UNIFIRE 

JAPAN 

TOKYO BOSAI SETSUBI CO., LTD. 

Tokyo Bosai Setsubi Co., Ltd 

Nakajima Bldg. 9F 

1-8-1, Kita-shinjuku 

Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 

169-0074 Japan 

Tel: +81-3-3363-9761 

Fax: +81-3-3363-9765 

Email: ozasa@tokyo-bosai-setsubi.co.jp 

Website: www.tokyo-bosai-setsubi.co.jp 

Contact: Mr. Shigeru Ozasa 

Dealer/Distributor 


74 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


VETROTECH 

JAPAN 

SAINT-GOBAIN HANGLAS 
(JAPAN) K.K. 

6F/L Saint-Gobain Bldg 
3-7, Kojimachi 
Chiyoda-Ku 
J-Tokyo 1 02-0083 
Tel: +81 3 5275 08 63 
Fax: +81 3 5275 0913 

Email: infoVSGJ.vetrotech@saint-gobain.com 
Website: www.vetrotech.com 
Contact: Mr Sadahiro Inada 

Representative Office 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

HANKUK PROCESSED GLASS INC 

585-14 

Gajwa-Dong 

Incheon 

404-250, Seo-Gu 
Seoul/South Korea 
Tel: +82 32 580 04 07 
Fax: +82 32 579 04 30 
Email: jspark@hanglas.co.kr 
Website: www.hanglas.co.kr 
Contact: Mr Jung Soo Park 
Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

ADAMS STEELGUARD LTD 

137 Sunnybrae Rd. 

Glenfield, 

Auckland 

New Zealand 

Tel: 649-443-2722 

Fax: 649-443-7877 

Email: graeme@steelguard.co.nz 

Website: www.steelguard.co.nz 

Contact: Mr Graeme Knowles 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

SAINT-GOBAIN (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD 

1 5 Beach Road, 

#04-01 Beach Centre, 

Singapore 189677 

Tel: +65 63372276 

Fax: +65 63372247 

Email: Elsen.chan@saint-gobain.com 

Website: www.saint-gobain.com 

Contact: Mr Elsen Chan 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

INEX BUILDING MATERIALS & 
INSTALLATION CO LTD 

4F. No. 219, Sec. 1 
Tunhwa S. Rd. 

Taipei 

Taiwan 

Tel: 886-2-2740 3475 
Fax: 886-2-2740 3479 
Email: inex@ms36.hinet.net 
Website: www.inex.twmail.net 
Contact: Mr William Chen 
Dealer/Distributor 

WOLF SAFETY LAMP 

AUSTRALIA 

WHYTE-HALL (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTD 

Unit 2, 81-83 Station Road 
Seven Hills, NSW 2 147 
Australia 

Email: info@whyte-hall.com 
Tel: +612 9838 4420 
Fax: +612 9838 4460 
Website: www.whyte-hall.com 
Contact: Matthew MacRae 
Dealer/Distributor 


JAPAN 

PLUS ALPHA CORPORATION 

5-9-12-608 Magamoto Minami-Ku 

Saitama City 

Saitama 

336-0033 Japan 
Email: p-alpha@nifty.com 
Tel: +81 48 865 7784 
Fax: +81 48 865 7784 
Contact: Mr R Hashimoto 
Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

DAE MYUNG CORP 

368-1 Gupyeong-Dong 
Saha-Gu, Pusan 
Korea 

Email: daemyung@kornet.net 
Tel: +82 51 261 0035 
Fax: +82 51 264 0081 
Contact: Mr Jung Won Lee 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

WINDSOR MARINE PTE LTD 

28 Joo Koon Circle 

Singapore 629057 

Email: winmar01@singnet.com.sg 

Tel: +65 6349 1930 

Fax: +65 6778 6882 

Contact: Mr Michael Lim 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

POLICO INTERNATIONAL CORP 

3F, No. 43 Fuguo Road (Shin-Lin) 

Taipei, Taiwan 
Tel: +8862 8866 1003 
Fax: +88862 8866 5479 
Email: bbb8@ms18.hinet.net 
Contact: MrC.T. Huang 
Dealer/Distributor 

ZIEGLER 

HONG KONG 

TUNG SHING TRADE 

Development Co. Ltd. 

Suite 906, 9th Floor 

ICBC Tower 

3 Garden Road 

HK- Central Hong Kong 

Hong Kong 

Tel: 00852 2578 6088 

Fax: 00852 2887 6993 

Email: josephyip@tungshingfire.com 

Contact: Mr. J. Yip 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

P.T. ZIEGLER INDONESIA 

Lippo Cikarang 
Delta Silicon Ind. Park 
Blok A 10-2 
RI-17550 Bekasi 
Indonesien 

Tel: 0062 21 8972835 
Fax: 0062 21 8972836 
Email: ziegler1@cbn.net. id 
Contact: Mr. Thomas Pfister 

Representative Office 

ERINDO MEGHA PRIMA 

Ruko Duta Mas, Blok A1/33 
Jl. RS Fatmawati No. 39 
Cipete Utara 
RI-121 50Jakarta 
Indonesia 

Tel: 0062 21 73 99 732 
Fax: 0062 21 73 99 637 
Email: emp@centrin.net. id 
Contact: Mr. Jeffry Sebayang 

Dealer/Distributor 


MALAYSIA 

AVP ENGINEERING (M) SDN. BHD 

Lot. 4, Jalan Waja 1 5, Kawasan 

Perusahaan 

Selangor Darul Ehsan 

MAL-42500 Telok Panglima Garang 

Tel: 0060 3 3122 71 17 

Fax: 0060 3 3122 9152 

Email: sitizawiyah@avp.com. my 

Contact: Mrs. Siti Zawiyah 

Dealer/Distributor 

PHILIPPINES 

SHUR-WAY IND. INC. 

Fire Fighting Equipment 
4100 R Magsaysay Blvd. 

RP- Sta Mesa Metro Manila 
Philippines 

Tel: 0063 2 715 8911-14 
Fax: 0063 2 715 8911 
Email: arayemtrade@hotmail.com 
Contact: Ramon Estanislao 

Dealer/Distributor 

SOUTH KOREA 

LMB KOREA LTD. 

Pantheon Regency #2720 

Jungja Dong 27 

Bundang Gu 

463-81 1 Soungnam City 

South Korea 

Tel: 0082-31-785-7500 

Fax: 0082-31-785-7501 

Email: chyoo@lmbkorea.de 

Contact: Mr.C.H.Yoo (MD) 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

FIRM POWER CO. LTD. 

PO. Box 46-482 
6R-1 , No. 110, Sec. 2 
Chang An East Road 
RC -Taipei/Taiwan Roc 
Taiwan 

Tel: 00886 22 518-3987 
Fax: 00886 22 518 3986 
Email: bjc@allstrong.dom.tw 
Contact: Mr. K.C. Huang 

Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

CHASE ENTERPRISE (SIAM) CO.LTD. 

497 Somdejprapinklao Road 
Bangyeekhan, Bangplad 
THA- Bangkok 10700 
Thailand 

Tel: 00662 883-2880 
Fax: 00662 433-8514 
Email: thanus@chasesiam.com 
Contact: Mr. Thanus 

Dealer/Distributor 

VIETNAM 

EUROP CONTINENTS 

1 26 Hoang Quoc Viet Road, Nghia Tan 
Cau Giay District, VN- Hanoi 
Vietnam 

Tel: 0084 4 754 0440 
Fax: 0084 4 754 0469 
Email: kheuthiuyen@europ-continents.com 
Contact: Mrs. Kieu Thi Uyen 

Dealer/Distributor 

EUROP CONTINENTS 

185 LY Chinh Thang S.8. 

Ward 7, District 3 
VN- HCM-City 
Vietnam 

Tel: 0084 8 93 18 776 
Fax: 0084 8 93 1 8 882 
Email: safety.hcmc@europco.com 
Contact: Mrs. Hoang Anh 

Dealer/Distributor 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


75 


SUBSCRIPTIONS 


FIRE MAGAZINE 

GET YOUR SUBSCRIPTION NOW!!! 



APF IS PUBLISHED 4 TIMES A YEAR 
- MARCH, JUNE, SEPTEMBER 
AND DECEMBER 


Name: 

Company/Organisation: 
Address: 


Telephone: 

Fax: 

E-mail: 

Start Subscription from Issue: 


Subscription Rates: Sterling £35.00 AUS Dollars - $100.00 
US Dollars -$70.00 

Back Issues: US $8.00 or £5.00 each inclusive of P&P 
(subject to availability) 

b 

METHODS OF PAYMENT: 

Website Subscription: www.mdmpublishing.com 
Cheque - MDM Publishing Ltd. 

Visa/Mastercard No: 

Expiry Date: 


MDM Publishing Ltd . 

The Abbey Manor Business Centre , The Abbey Preston Road, 
Yeovil Somerset BA20 2EN, United Kingdom 


ADVERTISERS' INDEX 


Albert Ziegler GmbH & Co. KG. 49 

Amkus, Inc 38 

Angus Fire - A Kidde Company 56 

Ansul, Inc. OBC 

Bacou-Dalloz Protective Apparel 30 

Bauer Compressors Asia Pte Ltd. 37 

Bio-Ex 59 

Bristol Uniforms Ltd. 33 

Chemetron Fire Systems IBC 

Control Logic s.r.l. 40 

Cranford Controls Ltd. 27 

Dafo Fomtec 59 

Draeger Safety Asia Pte Ltd. 17 

Dr. Sthamer Hamburg 65 

Du Pont Fluoroproducts 07 

E2V Technologies 62 

Elkhart Brass Mfg Co Inc 18 

Fire & Safety Expo Korea 2007 13 

Fire Fighting Enterprises 26 

Firetrace International 04 

GB Solo 67 

Helmet Integrated Systems Ltd. 32 

Holmatro Rescue Equipment 39 

Honeywell Fire Systems 28 

Iveco Magirus Brandschutztechnik GmbH 46 

Lander Hydraulik Co. KG 36 

NFPA 45 

Nittan UK Ltd. 24 

Plastika Akrapovic 35 

PPS Ltd. 52 

Russwurm Ventilatoren GmbH 52 

Securiton AG 64 

Solberg Scandinavian 59 

Super Vacuum Manufacturing Co., Inc. 52 

Task Force Tips, Inc. IFC 

Texas A & M Emergency Services Training 

Institute 21 

Tyco Safety Products - Hygood 43 

Tyco Safety Products - Skum 61 

Unifire AB 21 

Vetrotech Saint Gobain International AG 09 

Wolf Safety Lamp Company 29 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


76 





PETROCHEMICAI 


Hi 

f ft 1 i 

fit M 


PHARMACEUTICAL/ 
MEDICAL FACILITIES 


COMPUTER OPERATION! 


TELECOMMUNICATION 


Protecting Your Valued 
Assets and the Environment. 



^ Negligible Global Warming 
Potential (GWP) of Just One 

Zero Ozone Depleting 
[ ^ ; Potential (ODP) 


afe for Occupied Spaces 




Jrs 


The Chemetron mission is simple - when it comes 
to fire protection there can be no compromise. 


Contact u$ today to learn more about Chemetron system solutions! 


Your Single Source Solution 

For further information, please contact us: 
4801 Southwick Drive, 3rd Floor 
Matteson, IL 60443 

Phone: 708.748.1503 Fax: 708.748.2847 
Website: www.chemetron.com 

A UTC Fire & Security Company E-mail: info@chemetron.com 







OFFSHORE/MARINE 


FUEL STORAGE/HANDLING 


MANUFACTURING 


JUST A FEW OF THE PLACES ANSUL. FOAM MAKES PERFECT SENSE. 

For that matter, advanced ANSUL Firefighting Foams protect flammable liquids wherever they are 
manufactured, stored, dispensed, processed or transported. Every ANSUL foam - AFFF, AR-AFFF, 
High- Expansion, flouroprotein and protein — is the result of extensive research, development and testing 
at the ANSUL Fire Technology Center. Our concentrates are tested to international standards and 
specifications. And ANSUL foam is delivered through a wide range of portable and fixed foam systems, 
generators, proportioning equipment and discharge devices. 

ANSUL Firefighting Foams. No matter how you spell it, it comes out P-R-O-T-E-C-T-l-O-N. 


www.ansulinfo.com/apf3 


a ANSUL 


Innovative Fire Solutions 











TASK FORCE TIPS, INC 


§MO®GO ISGDOftlF 

Flow 4500 l/min 
with or without foam 


For excellent quality fire fighting equipment visit www.tft.com and call your local distributor for a demonstration. 
Display equipment, literature and digital data can be obtained by contacting your trained TFT distributor. 


l/min 


600 - 8000 
Fixed, Selectable or Automatic 


TASK FORCE TIPS 


FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT 


PHILIPPINES 

Alliance Industrial Sales 
Phone: 6328908818 
Fax: 6328960083 
alliance8Jcy@pacific.net.ph 


SINGAPORE 

S.K. Fire Pte. Ltd. 
Phone: 6568623155 
Fax : 6568620273 
houchin@skfire.com 
www.skfire.com 


TAIWAN 

Yone Corporation 
Phone: 81758211185 
Fax: 81758012263 
t.yone@myad.jp 
www.yone-co.co.jp 


THAILAND 

Anti-fire Co., Ltd. 
Phone: 66 2 259-6898 
Fax: 66 2 258-2422 
sithichai@antifire.com 
www.antifire.com 


2800 East Evans Avenue, Valparaiso, IN 46383-6940 USA 
International + 1.219.548.4000 • www.tft.com • intsales@tft.com 


SOUTH KOREA 

Shilla Fire Co., Ltd. 
Phone: 820236659011 
Fax: 820236639113 
kofire77@hotmail.com 
www.firekorea.com 


AUSTRALIA 

Gaam Emergency Products-AU 
Phone: 61394661244 
Fax : 61394664743 
iprice@tycoint.com 
www.gaam.com.au 

CHINA 

Shanghai Jin De Industry 
Phone: 862136050599 
Fax: 862136055599 
sjinde@163.com 
www.sjinde.com 

HONG KONG 

Rotter International Ltd. 

Phone: 85227517770 
Fax: 85227562051 
jacky@rotter.com.hk 
www.rotterbiz.com 


Tyco Safety Products 
Phone: 6445608127 
Fax: 6498270844 
tsp.sales.nz@tycoint.com 
www.tycoservices.co.nz 


JAPAN 

Yone Corporation 
Phone: 81758211185 
Fax: 81758012263 
t.yone@myad.jp 
www.yone-co.co.jp 


MALAYSIA 

CME Technologies SDN BHD 
Phone: 60356331188 
Fax: 60356343838 
khairi@cme.com. my 
www.cme.com.my 


Pt Palmas Entraco 
Phone: 6221384 1681 
Fax: 6221380 2660 
sales@palmas.co.id 













June 2007 
issue 22 



Front Cover Picture: The Rescue and Fire Fighting 
Department at Bangkok's new Suvarnabhumi 
Airport has launched its new Drager Safety fire 
training facility. Complete with three separate 
training capabilities their safety and security 
preparedness is set to reach new heights. 

Picture Courtesy of Drager Safety © 

Publishers 

Mark Seton & David Staddon 

Editorial Contributors 

Mat Lock, John F. Eklund, Bob Gaskill, 
Paul Bowkett, Caroline Southcombe, 
John Swindlehurst, Ken V. Blanchard, 

P. Ebersold, Chris Martin, Jack Klusters, 
Mike Willson, Stephen Prendergast, 
Gerd Pearson, David Oldfield 

APF is published quarterly by: 

MDM Publishing Ltd 

The Abbey Manor Business Centre, 

The Abbey, Preston Road, 

Yeovil, Somerset BA20 2EN, 

United Kingdom 
Tel: +44 (0) 1935 426 428 
Fax: +44 (0)1935 426 926 
Email: mark.seton@apfmag.com 
Website: www.mdmpublishing.com 

©All rights reserved 

Periodical Postage paid at 
Champlain New York and 
additional offices 
POSTMASTER: Send address 
changes to IMS of New York, 

PO Box 1518 

Champlain NY 12919-1518 
USAUSPS No. (To be confirmed) 


Subscription Rates 

Sterling - £35.00 

AUS Dollars -$100.00 

US Dollars -$70.00 

(Prices include Postage and Packing) 

ISSN - 1476-1386 

DISCLAIMER: 

The views and opinions expressed in 
ASIA PACIFIC FIRE MAGAZINE are not 
necessarily those of MDM Publishing Ltd. 
The magazine and publishers are in no 
way responsible or legally liable for any 
errors or anomalies made within the 
editorial by our authors. All articles 
are protected by copyright and written 
permission must be sought from the 
publishers for reprinting or any form of 
duplication of any of the magazines 
content. Any queries should be addressed 
in writing to the publishers. 

Reprints of articles are available on request. 
Prices on application to the Publishers. 

Page design by Dorchester 
Typesetting Group Ltd 
Printed in Singapore 






■ — 


21-24 


05 NFPA Foreword 
07-18 News and 

Product Profiles 

21-?4 Thailand's 

Aviation Training 
Takes Off 

27-28 Do Type 

Approval Certificates 
Give The Entire 
Answer? 

31-36 Helmets, 

Boots & Gloves 

39-41 Eradicating 

the Myths about water 
Based intumescents 


Contents 


43-45 HFC Clean 

Agent Fire Protection 
in Health Care Facilities 


57-59 


47-50 Evolution of 

Fire Alarm Technology: 
interactive 
Firefighter's Display 

52-55 Aerial Ladder 

Vehicle Roundup 

57-59 Quick Fire 

Knockdown in the 
Modern Fire 
Environment: 
Overpowering BTU's 
with Big Flows 

61-63 Virtual 

Training: The Realistic 
Option for Training of 
Countries 

65-67 Large 

Diameter Hose 
Solutions for 
Emergency water 
Management 

68-69 New 

Thinking and Current 
Developments in 
Emergency Command 
and Control 


47-50 


71-74 Air 

Monitoring as Part of 
Preparedness 

77-79 Fire 

Performance Cables - 
Assessing The 
Standards 
internationally 

80-87 Distributor & 

Representative Office 
Listing 

88 Advertisers' 
index 


77-79 


39-41 


43-45 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


1 




INCORPORATING 


ifpmag.com 

apfmag.com 

iffmag.com 


MDM Publishing Ltd, The Abbey Manor Business Centre, 

Tel: +44 (0) 1935 426 428 


blishing.com 


Hi-Tech Portal Site 


FEATURING 


VIRTUAL ELECTRONIC MAGAZINES 
LIVE REAL PAGE TURNING SOFTWARE 
FULL PDF FILE DOWNLOADS 
LIVE LINKS 


FULL VIRTUAL ARCHIVE OF BACK ISSUES 


much more . . . 

COMPARISON 




The Abbey, Preston Road, Yeovil, Somerset BA20 2EN, UK 
Fax: +44 (0) 1935 426 926 


www.mdmpublishing.com 




A two-pound preemie. A two-ton MRI machine. 

How do you protect them both from fire? 

Our people and fire extinguishant products make the hard choices concerning 
fire protection alternatives simpler. Whether it's at a hospital or other facility, 

DuPont clean agent fire extinguishants minimize the impact of fire on a building 
without sacrificing fire suppression effectiveness. Now you can control fire without 
the damaging and lingering effects of water. For solutions that are safer 
for people, assets and the environment, look to DuPont FE products. 

DuPont Fire Extinguishants. The Science of Protection 
cleanagents.dupont.com 

The miracles of science" 



Copyright © 2007 DuPont. The DuPont Oval Logo, DuPont", The miracles of science ", The Science of Protection ", FE-13 ", FE-25 ", FE-36", and FE-227 " are trademarks 
or registered trademarks of E.l. du Pont de Nemours and Company or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 






FOREWORD 




Foreword 


Pace of progress 


By Olga Caledonia 

Executive Director 
International 
Operations, NFPA 


The world's pace of progress is invigorating and we are better off because 
progress forces change and the positive results of change outweigh the harmful 
ones. Needless to say, the world's fire protection pace is at a gallop. Lives and 
property are saved every day as a result of progress in all fields of fire safety, and 
no one argues for the pace to slow down. 


S cientifically based consensus codes and 
standards are at the heart of the NFPA 
mission. As our understanding of fire has 
grown, so has our ability to design fire protection 
strategies to mitigate its unwanted effects. The 
Fire Protection Research Foundation, an affiliate of 
NFPA, has been engaged in major research pro- 
grams, both domestic and international in scope, 
designed to provide the type of information that 
can better support the NFPA codes and standards 
process. 

This past April the Foundation conducted a 
workshop in Beijing under the US-China Standards 
and Conformity Assessment Cooperation Program 
funded by the US Trade and Development Agency 
(USTDA) to exchange information on new 
technologies and standards for fire detection 
systems. The Foundation has several major 
research initiatives to enhance fire safety standards 
for detection in support of NFPA 72, the National 
Fire Alarm Code. The Emerging Technology and 
Standards Development for Fire Detection Systems 


workshop was a valuable opportunity to gain a 
better understanding of current practices sur- 
rounding fire detection systems in the U.S. and 
China with an eye towards the future. One of the 
main objectives of the gathering was to foster 
international collaboration. Manufacturers and 
designers of fire detection and signaling systems 
attended the event, as well as government officials 
responsible for standards development. 

NFPA international outreach programs support 
the Association's mission particularly the advocacy 
of consensus codes and standards, research and 
education. The Foundation continues to respond 
to challenges with activities in a number of areas 
including benchmarking state of the art develop- 
ments in suppression and detection systems, 
research planning in the fields of post-fire 
analysis and transportation vehicle safety, electrical 
safety and others. We invite you to visit 
www.nfpa.org/research to learn more about the 
Foundation and major research programs under- 
taken by the Foundation since its inception. 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


5 


7th 


International Water Mist Conference 

November 28 - 30 2007, Paris, France 


« Are you responsible for selecting fire protection in your facility? » 

« Are you looking for innovative fire suppression alternatives due to Halon phase-out? » 

« Are you doing research and testing in the field of water mist technology and would like to 

share your findings? » 

« Are you a consultant, engineer, manufacturer or contractor and have 
an interest in water mist technology ? » 

...the IWMA Conference will provide answers. 




EU5EBJ IMPlAJNTt 


SIEMENS 

Building Technologies 



SEmco 


FIRE PROTECTION 


The IWMA Conference is sponsored by 


€IIJ> 

The miracles of science ' 



\temhrr of the fU ( Uohut Group 

See 

www.iwma.net 

for details 


FOGTEC' 

FIRE PROTECTION 

RODIO }.<M) 

tlfCO 

Fire & Integrated 
Solutions 



The afternoon of the first day will be used for real fire demonstrations with water mist systems 
at an institute in Paris. The shuttle bus is already included in the attendance fee 


Registration 



Name 

First Name 


Organization Address 

Tel.: 

Fax: 

E-mail: 

Payment received on or before 29 June 

Members 390 Euro 

Non-Members 450 Euro 

Payment received after 29 June 

Members 430 Euro 

Non-Members 490 Euro 

On-Site Registration 

Members 470 Euro 

Non-Members 530 Euro 

□ Bank transfer □ Credit Card* *1 

D ayment by credit card available for attendees outside Europe by Paypal 

Date Signature 



Fax or mail this registration form to: International Water Mist Association, Biederitzer Str. 5, D-39175 Heyrothsberge, Germany, 

or register online at www.iwma.net 



Phone +49 - 392 92 - 690 25 

Fax +49 

- 392 92 - 690 26 E-mail info@iwma.net 



NEWS 


Gigantic Airbus 380 Hangar 
protected by Cafco 


In order to prepare in advance for the 
delivery of the massive new Airbus 380 
aircraft, Malaysian Airlines is extending its 
maintenance facilities at Kuala Lumpur's 
Sepang International Airport by 
constructing an enormous new hangar, 
incorporating the world's longest column- 
free steel span of 230 metres. 

The incredible size of the new aircraft 
has demanded a quite unique column-free 
design in order to accommodate the A- 
380's wing span during maintenance 
work. When fully in place the two colossal 
supporting steel towers (and 44 individual 
columns) will bear 5,700 tonnes of steel 
roofing made up of truss sections. These 
are to be fabricated on the ground before 
being lifted into position with giant 
hydraulic jacks, in one large section. 

The roof trusses will not receive passive 
fire protection but the two giant steel 
towers (and 44 individual columns) are 
being given two hours fire protection 
through the application of SprayFilm WB3, 
an advanced water based intumescent 
coating manufactured by UK based CAFCO 
INTERNATIONAL. In total, more than 4,000 
square metres of steel are being protected. 

The intumescent passive fire protection 
system consists of a two-pack Epoxy 
primer and Micaceous Iron Oxide 
Intermediate (MIO) coating for corrosion 
protection. This treatment is over-coated 
with SprayFilm WB3 to the required dry 
film thickness and then sealed with a two- 
pack Polyurethane coating to provide a 
long-life, maintenance free finish. 

Sprayfilm WB3 has been used for a 
number of years on many major national 
and international projects. The thin film 
intumescent coating offers a fast 'through 
drying' solution and has proved to be a 
cost-effective alternative to solvent based 
equivalents. When subject to fire, a 
chemical reaction takes place causing the 
coating to expand and form an insulating 
layer, which prevents the temperature of 
the steel rising to a critical level. 

Sprayfilm WB3 has been fully tested to 
BS476: Part 21 and ASTM El 19 from 
Underwriters Laboratories (UL) and assessed 
in line with the Association for Specialist Fire 
Protection (ASFP) publication 'Fire protection 
for structural steel in buildings'. It also has 
Loss Prevention Certification Board (LPCB) 
Certification giving clients a quick, safe and 
easy-to-use treatment for providing 
between 30 and 120 minutes fire resistance 
on structural steel, including l-section 
beams, H-section columns and hollow 
sections. At ratings such as 120 minutes, 
the required final thickness of an 
intumescent coating increases, but Sprayfilm 



WB3 has the lowest thickness requirements 
of any water based intumescent coating and 
its high build capability reduces the number 
of coats required, thus facilitating lower 
labour costs. 

The construction of the hangar at Kuala 
Lumpur is a joint venture between Zelan 
Construction, Marubeni and Tokyu. 
Installation of the SprayFilm WB3 is being 


carried out by Cafco's recognised applicator, 
Rushoe Enterprises. The site application 
work began in December 2006 and is 
expected to be complete by mid 2007. 

For more information, please contact: 

Cafco International 
Email: info@cafcointl.com 
Website: www.cafcointl.com 


BW Technologies by Honeywell 
introduces the revolutionary 
GasAlertMicroClip 

- the world's most compact multi-sensor 
confined space gas detector. 

The GasAlertMicroClip which is ATEX approved, 
offers full-function multi-gas instrument 
performance, with the simplicity, compact size 
and ease-of-use of a disposable gas detector. 

The small size, long life and high specificity of 
the sensors are central to the sleek, compact 
and functional design. 

Simultaneously displaying oxygen, hydrogen 
sulfide, carbon monoxide and percent LEL 
combustibles present, the GasAlertMicroClip is 
ideally suited to a wide range of applications 
and customers including confined space entry, 
telecommunication vaults and manholes, 
refinery and petrochemical plants, construction 
contractors, and fire service and fire-ground 
overhaul monitoring applications. 

The GasAlertMicroClip is housed in a rugged, 
fully immersible, water resistant housing with 
built-in concussion-proof boot. Other features 
include an extra-loud audible alarm, flashing 
LED light bars and built-in vibrating alarm. 

Field-selectable user options allow the 



GasAlertMicroClip to be customized for virtually 
any monitoring application. 

The instrument is powered by means of an 
internally housed lithium polymer battery that 
provides up to 14-hours on continuous operation 
on a single charge. At just 1 60 grams (5.6 oz.), 
GasAlertMicroClip is truly more for less. 

Simply put, the GasAlertMicroClip is the 
world's best value in confined space gas detectors. 

For more information about 
GasAlertMicroClip, visit 
www.gasmonitors.com 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


7 




NEWS 


RESQTEC MdxGrip 

Extrication Glove 


RESQTEC announces that they 
will launch their own glove for 
rescue operations; The 
MaxGrip Extrication Glove. 

They incorporates lot off 
features to help in 
operations by giving 
maximum protection, i 
grip and durability. 

Developed using the 
know-how of RESQTEC, 
combined with the use of 
high grade materials and 
fabrics. 

With the introduction of 
the MaxGrip RESQTEC is 
the first rescue tool 
manufacturer to develop 
there own glove. The reason 
for RESQTEC seems simple, 
as they decided to develop it 
through their experience 
that the gloves offered in 
the market, do not fit all 
the specific needs rescue 
have. Although a rescue 
glove is already very known 
in North America as a 
important tool for a 
rescuer, there are still many 
areas for improvement. A 
glove is a important tool when it 
comes to rescue in terms of safety, 
protection and control but also durability 
and flied and cut resistance. Because of 
those reasons it seemed a logical step for 
us to develop our own. 

The MaxGrip Glove is the ultimate glove 
for rescue operations! It is constructed 
through 3 layers of Kevlar protection 
combined with the high quality materials, 
and unique features. If you want the best 
rescue glove on the market there is only 
one: RESQTEC MaxGrip. 

The MaxGrip is constructed through 3 
layers of Kevlar for ultimate protection and 
durability. Starting with a Kevlar Twaron 
lining, where in the Palm there is a special 
silicon Kevlar which gives a very high 
durability and grip. To give that extra 
protection and durability there are 
anatomical Kevlar palm reinforcements. 
The top of the glove is made out of cut 
resistant 2 way stretch material. 

To give freedom of movement and 
protection for the knuckles the glove is 
made with a hard 3D Kevlar knuckle 
protection. 

An other nice feature is the neoprene 
wrist warmer and debris protection which 
makes it very easy to put on the glove but 
also to keep glass out of the glove. It 
makes for a very comfortable fit. The 






thumb is made out of a 
Goggles cleaning fabric 
which can also be used 
| * to wipe the nose if 
§mM necessary. 

The glove is washable 
and can be purchased 
with or without 
membrane which can 

block out 

B harmful 
fields like 
blood or 
hepatitis 
B among 
others. 
)mething 
s becoming 
'd choice 
s in North 
ice of the 
le higher 
class suitable more for the 
professional departments. 

For more information check 
out www.resqtec.com or 
contact a RESQTEC dealer 
shown in the back of the 
magazine. 

The glove is washable with or 
without membrane. 

Features: 

• Finger rubber protection 
• Cut resistant 2 way stretch fabric. 

• 3D Kevlar knuckle protection 
• Neoprene wrist warmer and debris pro- 
tection 

• Goggles cleaning fabric on thumb area 
• Reinforcement of the thumb area 
• Silicon Kevlar palm hand for perfect 
grip and protection double layer Kevlar 
which is cut resistance. 

• Anatomical Kevlar palm reinforcement 
• Gel padding protecting your hands 
against crashed and hits 
• High cut resistant 
• Washable 
Materials: 

• Top: Kevlar, Rubber protectors 
• Palm: Nomex® with silicon, Kevlar, Gel 
Padding, Clarino® 

• Lining: Twaron® 

For every type or rescue operation, the 
RESQTEC MaxGrip Extrication Glove can 
be used. Because of all the great features 
this glove has, your hands are protected 
against everything that can happen on a 
rescue scene. 

For more information, please contact: 
Resqtec Zumro Asia Sdn Bhd 
Email: asia@resqtec.com 
Website: www.resqtec.com 


Kidde Fire 
Protection 
Gets Sirius 

KIDDE FIRE PROTECTION announced today 
that it will be launching its new Sirius II 
range of conventional fire alarm control 
panels at International Fire Expo 2007 on 
Stand K31 . Kidde Fire Protection, a world 
wide leader in the development of fire 
detection and suppression systems, is part 
of UTC Fire & Security, a unit of United 
Technologies Corp. 

The Sirius II fire panel combines 
performance, aesthetics and superb value 
for money. Available in 2, 4 and 8 zone 
configurations it is approved to EN54 Parts 
2 and 4. Features such as code access, one 
person walk test and real time clock make 
it the natural choice where ease of use 
and flexibility are required. 



Sirius II is suitable for small to medium- 
sized applications such as hotels, offices 
and leisure centres. Compatible with a 
wide range of detection devices including 
Apollo, Nittan and Hochiki, it is ideal for 
new installations and refurbishments. It is 
a reliable and affordable fire control panel 
that will assist customers in meeting the 
requirements of the new Regulatory 
Reform (Fire Safety) Order. 

Sirius II complements Kidde Fire 
Protection's existing range of fire 
protection systems including Vega 
analogue addressable control panels, 
HART™ High Sensitivity Smoke Detection 
(HSSD™) and Alarmline™ Linear Heat 
Detection systems. 

For more information, please contact: 
Angus Fire 

Tel: +44 (0) 1844 265021 
Email: jon.brittain@kiddeuk.co.uk 

UTC Fire & Security 

Tel: +1 860-284-3094 

Email: Kimberly.reidy@fs.utc.com 


8 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


BAUER 


COMPRESSORS 



Verticus 5 / KAP 5 stationary compressor 

The most advance modular unit system used in fire stations with 
SPC-compressor control B-CONTROL, P Filter System and integrated 
filling panel. The unit can be upgraded to a silenced unit VERTICUS 5 
type and additional filter housings, refrigeration dryer AIR-KOOL, 
external filling panels as well as storage cylinders can be easily fitted. 



Mariner 250/320 


The power pack for larger delivery of air, 2501/m and 3201/min.A newly 
developed, super-light aluminium chassis guarantees the best protection 
against corrosion! Inter- and after coolers made of stainless steel resist 
the toughest climatic conditions.The construction of the motor rocker 
stand reduces vibration for smooth operation as well as self-tensioning 
of the v-belt drive. 


BAUER offers only Independently Tested Containment Fill 
Stations which were found to protect the operator from 
overpressure and fragmentation per NFPA 1901. 

Containment Fill Stations - Stationary & Mobile 

High-Pressure Breathing Air Compressors and 
Auxiliary Equipment 
Worldwide Sales and Service Network 

BAUER COMPRESSORS ASIA PTE LTD 

2 Alexandra Road #0 1 -03A Delta House, Singapore 1 599 1 9 
Tel: +(65) 6271 6271 
Fax: +(65) 6272 3345 
http://www.bauergroup.com 
Email: info@bauer-compressors.com. sg 





Because your hands 
have more important 
things to do. 


Sage Technologies, Ltd. 

215-658-0500 ■ sales@gosage.com ■ www.@gosage.com 


3 Copyright 2006 Sage Technologies, Ltd. 


Helmet- Vue is a trademark of Sage Technologies, Ltd. 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


9 



NEWS 


waterous unveils New 
Bronze HiLo Pump For 
Asia/Pacific Region 



WATEROUS COMPANY, a global leader in 
fire suppression technology, announced 
the release of their new bronze HL200 and 
HL300 (HiLo) Rear-Mounted Fire Pumps for 
Australia and the Asia/Pacific region. 
Designed for use in all rear-mounted 
applications, the new bronze HiLo pumps 


We are pleased to announce that Vision 
Fire & Security (VFS) has changed its name 
to XTRALIS with effect from 1 5 May 2007. 

Our business is growing. This growth is 
enabling us to extend our portfolio through 
ongoing product development as well 
as acquisition of complementary 
technologies. 

The change in our business deserves to 
be recognised with a new name. Xtralis 
represents the move from Vision Systems 
to our own entity. With offices established 
globally, our reputable products and 
services, we are set for continued business 
growth globally providing solutions for life 
safety, business continuity and security. 

The day to day running of the company, 
its staff and operations continue as before. 
The new name will allow Xtralis to 
continue to build a prominent global 
brand identity. Xtralis' product range 
encompasses air-sampling smoke 


feature durable construction for longer 
service life and built-in high-pressure relief 
valves for enhanced attacking power. 

"The new bronze construction adds 
heavy-duty strength to a pumps that an 
already efficient water delivery systems," 
says Barry Coe, Sales Representative for 
Waterous-Australia. "For rear-mounted 
pump performance there isn't a better 
pump series on the market." 

Manufactured to the latest CEN- 
recommended standards, the bronze HL200 
is capable of 2000 I/m at 1 0-bar and 400 
I/m at 40-bar and the HL300 is capable of 
3000 I/m at 1 0-bar to 400 I/m in at 40-bar. It 
features a durable bronze construction and 
the two-stage HL200 features automatic 
piston priming with a rated performance of 
1000 I/m from 7.5-meters lift. 

The new bronze HiLo comes with a 
standard six-port manifold for flexible 
discharge valve positioning, left-or right- 
hand 100 mm tank-to-pump connection 
and an easy mounting for a 'Round-the- 
Pump' foam system. Both HiLo models are 
backed by an industry-exclusive five-year 
warranty. 

For more information, please contact: 
Waterous - Australia 
Tel: 07 55228930 
Email: bcoe@waterousco.com.au 


detection systems (VESDA), sophisticated 
video-based security solutions (ADPRO), 
voice alarm systems (MILLBANK), fire 
control & management solutions 
(PROACTIV) and a latest acquisition of 
ASIM, a manufacturer of security 
detectors, traffic detection & traffic data 
acquisition systems. 

As a result, you will see a new logo and 
our web address has changed to 
www.xtralis.com. All current offices remain 
with the addition of Switzerland as Head 
Office for continental Europe. 

For more information, please contact: 
Xtralis 

Website: www.xtralis.com 

4 > xtralis 


Notifier’s onyx 

FIRSTVISION™ 
Revolutionizes 
Emergency 
Scene Size-Up 

Breakthrough 
Technology Helps 
Firefighters Quickly 
Identify Fire Origin 
and Migration, 
Building Hazards and 
Exit Routes 

NOTIFIER, a world leading manufacturer of 
commercial fire alarm technology and 
systems announces ONYX FIRSTVISION™, 
a revolutionary wayfinding navigational 
tool for firefighters and other emergency 
responders. Only ONYX FIRSTVISION, a PC- 
based touch screen, graphically displays 
critical information on the origin and 
spread of a fire; allowing firefighters to 
quickly locate and extinguish the fire, 
reducing property loss and saving lives. 
With ONYX FIRSTVISION, Incident 
Commanders can focus on critical 
information necessary for making fast, 
effective and well-informed decisions, 
speeding scene size-up and execution of 
response operations. 

Developed from extensive research and 
interviews with senior level professional 
firefighters, ONYX FIRSTVISION is easy to 
use, requiring no special training. The 
interactive display summarizes building 
floor plans showing the location of all 
active fire alarm devices, water supplies, 
evacuation routes, access routes, fire 
barriers, gas, power and HVAC shutoffs, as 
well as chemical and structural hazards in 
the building. With ONYX FIRSTVISION 
connected to the fire alarm control panels, 
crucial information is easy to interpret with 
a spatial, graphical depiction of the 
location and sequence of detector 
activation. And unlike traditional graphic 
annunicators, ONYX FIRSTVISION is 
interactive, allowing emergency 
responders to access information they 
need to conduct safe and efficient 
emergency response operations. 

ONYX FIRSTVISION - another 
breakthrough technology from NOTIFIER. 
Leaders in Life. Safety. Technology. 

For more information on ONYXFirstVision, 
please visit www.notifier.com 


Vision Fire & Security has 
a new identity - Xtralis 


10 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



PRODUCT PROFILE 


unleash the 
'Fire Dragon' 

When developing or enhancing 'fire and rescue' training there are a broad 
spectrum of operational and financial implications to consider. In simple terms all 
training should be appropriate, realistic and safe whilst limiting its impact on the 
environment and satisfying any budget limitations. 


I n answer to these evolving needs, and in recog- 
nising the increased skill diversity required by 
modern day emergency crews, Drager Safety has 
adapted its legendary SCBA gallery and fire training 
technology to produce a mobile capability - the Fire 
Dragon. 


versatility 

The Fire Dragon is a mobile training platform offer- 
ing a wide range of options, depending upon the 
user's requirements. It is important to understand 
that these are an engineered solution, not an 'off 
the shelf' product. The unit's configuration can be 
adapted to provide the following capabilities: 

• SCBA exercise evaluation and training maze 

• Defensive and offensive fire fighting training inc. 
flashover 

• Workplace Safety Training (i.e. confined space 
entry, height safety, gas detection) 

• Major incident/command and control training 

• Personal protection and detection equipment 
servicing 

• Community fire awareness/Public relations 

• Hand-held fire extinguisher training 

The Fire Dragon is normally based on the standard 
external dimensions of ISO shipping containers i.e. 
20' or 40' for ease of shipping and/or road trans- 
port. These are however the only fixed dimensions 
and Drager Safety's many previous projects have 
demonstrated the high levels of versatility available 
through their 'value engineering' processes. 

As evidence of the Fire Dragon's versatility Drager 
Safety will deliver Asia Pacific's first unit later this 
year. This unit represents the latest generation and 
includes many of the above listed capabilities; SCBA 
training maze, LPG Propane fuelled fire scenarios, 
an exercise evaluation section and equipment 
servicing area complete with a computerised control 
system and OH&S compliant 'cool room'. 

The Fire Dragon can be operated in almost any 
environment and can be supplied with its own power 
generator, high pressure breathing air compressor 
and fill station. This can be a crucial consideration for 
users who operate in remote locations and must 
maintain a state of operational preparedness. 


For more information on the 
Fire Dragon or to discuss 
your training needs please 
contact Drager Safety on the 
details below. 

Mat Lock 

Drager Safety Asia Pte Ltd 

Singapore 

Email: mat.lock@draeger.com 


Environmental consideration 

For fire fighting applications Drager Safety incor- 
porate their proven LPG Propane training systems 
within the Fire Dragon. With the Drager Safety TUV 
accredited safety systems and control included as 
standard the user is assured of safe operation, 
repeatable scenarios and environmental acceptability. 

As a reflection of Drager Safety's engineering 
capabilities and environmental considerations a 
water recycling system is also available to minimize 
usage during live fire fighter training evolutions. 
This can also reduce the OH&S implications when 



operating in sub-zero temperatures and may 
broaden the scope of possible training locations 
available. 


Wide audience 

The range of existing users of Drager Safety's Fire 
Dragon is extensive and includes professional fire 
services, military departments and industrial unit's 
alike. The versatility of the configuration and LPG 
Propane fire scenarios means it can reflect many dif- 
ferent training environments. Offering both recruit 
and skills maintenance capabilities the applications 
include, but are not limited, to the following: 

• Residential 

• Commercial 

• Aviation 

• Marine 

• Industrial 

Whether it is a kitchen scenario in a residential 
home, a galley fire in an aircraft, an engine room 
fire in a ship or a paint storage rack in a factory - 
the Fire Dragon can re-produce a representative 
training environment. Additional features such as 
staircases (with or without collapsed treads), raking 
ladders, dry risers, power distribution boards and 
varying door and window styles add further realism. 
This really is an engineered solution. . . 

Each Fire Dragon can be equipped with necessary 
personal equipment such as SCBA (open and/or 
closed circuit), personal gas detection, thermal 
imaging cameras and communication equipment. If 
a nomadic instructor protocol exists then their 
apparel can also be stowed within the unit to mini- 
mize today's travel baggage constraints. 

Engineered solution 

The Fire Dragon is yet another example of Drager 
Safety's commitment to the international fire and 
rescue communities. Whilst an already proven and 
established solution across the US and Europe, the 
Fire Dragon is now becoming the natural choice for 
many emergency and military organisations within 
Asia Pacific also. As with all Drager Safety products, 
their in-house training and service capabilities e nable 
them to fully support each system. EJ23 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


11 


NEWS 


If foam choice is important, 
technique of application is crucial 



It is commonly admitted that the foam 
concentrate is a critical parameter to 
achieve extinction. Eventually, AFFF would 
be considered as the best option. 

Scientists raised concern over the poor 
behavior of fluorinated compounds in the 
environment. Numerous studies indicate 
that these compounds are very Persistent 
(vP), Bioaccumulative (B) and/or Toxic (T). 

So how are we handling the situation if 
the most efficient foam cannot be used for 
environmental concern? 

Let us examine the question. 

Fires can fall in three categories; solid 
fuel fires (class A), hydrocarbon fires (oil) 
and polar solvents fires (chemicals) class B. 

It has been proven that class A foam 
outperforms AFFF on solids fires. Fire 
Brigades are tackling class A fires for at 
least 95% of their total. So AFFF can be 
replaced easily with a non-fluorinated 
foam in that case. 

French Safety Committee for Oil 
Industry has conducted a study to 
ascertain various scenarios on oil fires. As a 
conclusion, they pointed out that, 


Building on the unique blend of expertise, 
experience and market knowledge from 
Southcombe Brothers Ltd, the FireMaster 
Ultra® structural fire gloves lead the way 
in design and technology. 

The only gloves in the world using 
PYROHIDE fire-resistant leather, FireMaster 
Ultra® gloves are made with premium, 
high-end materials at every stage. Fully 
NFPA and EN659 certified, designed for 
supreme heat and cut resistance but still 
dextrous and lightweight, US fire houses 
have been clamouring for test samples. 

The finger-curved design has been 
imitated but never bettered. The refined 
design gives confidence that only comes 
from excellent fitting, lightweight, leather 
kit. 

"There's a reason why we supply almost 
80% of fire brigades in the UK," said David 
Southcombe, Managing Director of 
Southcombe Brothers Ltd. "And that is 
because our gloves consistently outperform 
all others. With 160 years in business behind 
us we have made it our mission simply to 
make the best performing fire gloves on the 
market. We have no interest in cutting 
corners or imitating inferior designs." 

Made from Pyrohide® fire-resistant 
grain leather, unique to Southcombe 
Brothers, the gloves will not crack or warp 


whatever the foam is, it is highly 
recommended to select gentle application, 
such as fixed foam chambers. This 
indicates that forceful application with 
monitors and AFFF should be only 



under extreme heat conditions. And this 
amazing leather is not just fire-resistant, it 
will repel chemicals, liquids and heat - 
then dries soft and supple. 

The gloves also use a Gore Crosstech™ 
membrane, Kevlar™ palm and finger 
patches, Kevlar™ blended linings, 
Kevlar™/Nomex™ cuffing (on wristlet 
models only) and are stitched throughout 
with Nomex™ thread. 

For more information, please contact: 
Southcombe Brothers Ltd 
Email: cjs@southcombe.com 
Website: www.southcombe.co.uk 


considered as an exception and not a rule. 

It is commonly accepted that, on 
chemical plants, gentle application is the 
only option, due to the fact that forceful 
application would not achieve extinction 
with a reasonable amount of foam. As a 
fact, all the relevant standards (EN1 568 
and UL) classify foams under gentle 
application. 

If not for direct application (monitors) in 
oil industry, it is then widely accepted that 
it would be better - or mandatory - to rely 
on fixed systems delivering foam in gentle 
manner to achieve extinction and 
protection of the risks. It increases 
dramatically the efficiency of the fire 
attack, reduce the consumption of water 
and eliminate the need for AFFF. 

Nowadays, fluorine free foams are 
available and meet international standards, 
such as EN1 568, LastFire and GESIP. 

It is noteworthy that, by following the 
best application methods, it is possible to 
switch from fluorinated foam such as AFFF 
and FFFP to an eco-friendly fluorine free 
technology and address both the issues of 
extinction and environmental with 
confidence. 

For more information, please contact: 
Bio-Ex S.A. 

Email: export@bio-ex.fr 
Website: www.bio-ex.com 


Advanced Quality 


Reach out in confidence 
with FireMaster Ultra 


12 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



PRODUCT PROFILE 


Task Force Tips' 

BLITZFIRE® 

portable monitor: 

providing maximum coverage with limited 
staff 


Task Force Tips designs equipment with the understanding that firefighting tools 
must work hard under extreme conditions - at times even acting as an 
additional team member. That logic helped TFT to develop the BLITZFIRE® 
portable monitor — an industry standard known worldwide for safely providing 
maximum coverage with limited staff. 


For further information: 
Tel: +1 219 548 4000 
Email: intsales@tft.com, 
or visit www.tft.com 


T he BLITZFIRE® has six detent flow positions and 
a patented integrated turbulence-free slide 
valve that allows an operator to either gate a 
stream in manned usage, or to use the monitor as 
an unmanned device. Even with its flow of 500 gpm 
(2000 Ipm), the BLITZFIRE® enjoys the portability of 
a handline, yet offers carbide tipped stability, sport- 
ing the widest deployed stance (34"or 86.3 cm) of 
any monitor in its class. Its ability to preconnect to 
an apparatus' tailboard makes it the monitor of 
choice for initial attack teams. 

The best selling portable monitor allows "first 
due" firefighting crews to focus a blitz attack flow 
directly to the seat of the fire just moments after 
arrival. Its low (10° above ground) attack angle gives 
operators the ability to "go in the front door" safely 
with high fire flow, and its 20° side-to-side (40° 
total) and up to 50° elevation give it maximum 
maneuverability. If the unit destabilizes, its patented 
safety shut-off valve closes automatically - slowing 
the BLITZFIRE® flow to near stroke end, eliminating 
possible water hammer. 

The BLITZFIRE® can be ordered with TFT's 
exclusive oscillation feature that offers a 20-, 30-, or 
40- sweeping motion. This unique feature, which 
can be retro-fit to many existing models, is being 
used by emergency specialists for bio/chem incident 
preparation. Emergency containment corridors go 
up in moments, allowing large groups of victims to 
be bathed in oscillating BLITZFIRE® streams, with 
little impact of the low pressure stream felt by the 
victim(s). 

"For those who have limited storage space who 
still want the power of the BLITZFIRE®, our engineers 




have developed the Blitz Lite™," said Larry King, TFT 
VP of International Sales. "It's actually a 'Micro- 
monitor' - which tells you how easy this is to set up 
and handle. With the Blitz Lite's smooth waterway 
and built-in stream straightener, there's minor friction 
loss - something like 8 psi at 500 gpm. So it's stream- 
lined in design, and still a powerhouse." 

Although 500 gpm (2000 Ipm) is ideal for 
resolving many problems, at times firefighters are 
faced with battles on smaller scales - where they're 
looking at 1" or 1.5" lines. In those cases, 
QuadraFog selectable nozzles are an excellent 
nozzle choice. The optional colored pistol grip helps 
to identify this economical lightweight selectable 
gallonage nozzle, which comes in tip-only configur- 
ation for break-and-extend operations, or with 
stainless ball shutoff. 

The QuadraFog 1 " (25mm) series features unique 
cut fixed metal fog teeth that produce patterns 
ranging from straight stream to narrow fog to 
extremely wide fog. The 1" offers 5-10-24 or 40 
gpm @ 100 psi or 20-40-100-150 l/min @ 7 bar 
versions. Adding either the low-expansion or 
multi-expansion foam attachments broadens this 
selectable gallonage nozzle's versatility. 

The QuadraFog 1.5" (38mm) comes with choice 
of fixed or stainless steel spinning teeth, and features 
30-60-95-125 gpm @ 100 psi (110-230-360-470 
l/min @ 7 bar), or low pressure 75 psi (5 bar). This 
1.5" (38 mm) nozzle boasts both FM approval 
and NFPA 1964 compliance. The 1.5" (38mm) 
QuadraFog offers a choice of fixed or stainless steel 
spinning teeth, and also accepts low-expansio n or 
multi-expansion foam attachments. ESQ 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


13 



PRODUCT PROFILE 


The future of 
fire detection 
has begun 

- with the new generation of fire 
detectors from Securiton AC 


The new SecuriStar® line of fire detectors from Securiton is taking the fear out 
of fire. These clever detectors are able to detect fires in their earliest stages with 
a reliability and precision never equalled before - for maximum safety, whatever 
the environment. 


W ith a whole new range of technical 
innovations the SecuriStar® fire detectors 
are now more intelligent than ever. 
What's more, the amount of installation and 
operating work involved has been drastically 
reduced. For instance each individual fire detector 
has its own individual UNI, or Unique Number 
Identification. The benefits during installation and 
operation are immeasurable. The detector is 
connected to the system very simply using plug 
and play, which means that any cabling errors are 
instantly localised. If a detector is replaced, its 
successor automatically takes over its UNI. 

This versatile range of products 
means that Securiton is able to 
ensure that every environment 
is monitored by precisely the 



self-monitoring capability also plays a major part: 
The detector provides even more detailed status 
messages so that the surveillance personnel at the 
control centre are instantly in the picture. 


right type of detector. 


For more information please 
contact: 

Securiton AG 
Alarm and Security 
Systems 

Alpenstrasse 20, CH-3052 
Zollikofen/Berne 
Tel: +41 31 91011 22 
Fax: +41 31 9101616 
Email: info@securiton.ch 
Website: www.securiton.ch 


The Securistar H is the first fire detector which, 
once installed, no longer requires configuration 
with a complex set of parameters; instead it 
adapts permanently and entirely autonomously to 
its environment. With the help of the self- 
developed "cube levelling system" the new fire 
detector continuously measures ambient param- 
eters such as absolute temperature, the relative 
temperature rise, and any air murkiness. It then 
uses these values to determine the optimum 
sensitivity for each operating site and adapts to 
the prevailing circumstances. 

Deception alarms on the defensive 

Maximum fire detection accuracy is the result of 
improved smoke and temperature symmetry, inter- 
connected sensors, optimised smoke penetration 
response and new alarm filters. With the operating 
mechanism now consistently optimised in this way, 
the reliability of detectors with regard to deception 
alarms has improved dramatically. The enhanced 


Compatible in any direction 

The devices of the new Securistar® line of fire 
detectors are both forward and reverse compatible. 
This means that existing detectors can easily be 
replaced by the new generation of detectors. The 
existing detector bases, data format and line 
network can all be combined with the new devices 
without compromising performance. What's more, 
today's Securistar® fire detectors as designed to 
match up perfectly with tomorrow's new types of 
control centres and signalling lines. 

On the alert, whatever the situation 

With its three detector types the new Securistar® 
line is an absolute all-rounder. Under its elegant 
exterior the MTD 533 combines a smoke detector 
and a heat sensor. While the UTD 533 is a 
steadfast heat detector, the MSD 533 uses 
scattered light to detect instantly any open fires 
generating smoke. This versatile range of products 
means that Securiton is able to ensure that every 
environment is monitored by precisely the right 
type of detector. EQ3 


14 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



p/laking light work of safety ■ t 

The Wolf Rechargeable Torch - part of 
the definitive range of portable ATEX safety 
lighting products, for use in explosive 
atmospheres. R30 Halogen R-50 / R55 LED. 

• ATEX approved for explosive gas and dust 

. environments 

I 

• High power LED or Halogen bulb versions for 
9 outstanding light output 

• Compact and lightweight ergonomic torch 

Sm I design 


ATEX lECEx 


CwolF) 


• Two levels of output give up to six hours 
duration 

• Battery state-of-charge indicator 

• Utilises latest Li-ion battery technology, 
eliminates ‘memory’ effect 

• Very low maintenance, quick and easy part; 

replacement * 

• Quick charge with mains and vehicle options 


www. wo If -saf ety.co . u k 
Tel: +44 114 255 1051 


High quality 
foam concentrates 
and foam equipment 



“ THE INDEPENDENT ALTERNATIVE” 


DAFO FOMTECAB 
P.O Box 683 

SE- I 35 26Tyreso Sweden 

Phone: +46 8 506 405 66 
Fax: +46 8 506 405 29 
E-mail: info@fomtec.com 




ARCTIC FOAM 

by SOLBERG SCANDINAVIAN 



SCANDINAVIAN Visit our website; 


FIREFIBHT1N6 FOAM AND EQUIPMENT WWW. a TCt \ Cf 08 fTI . CO ITI 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


15 




NEWS 


New Foam Product Will Revolutionise 
Decontamination Theory And Practice 
in Europe 


A foam product that will revolutionise 
decontamination theory and practice in Europe 
is being introduced from the US by 
PROFESSIONAL PROTECTION SYSTEMS. 
Designated EasyDECON™ DF 2000 this new 
decontamination solution is capable of killing or 
neutralising a broad range of WMD 
contaminants. Also because of its unique 
chemical structure it can be used on practically 
anything from vehicles to whole buildings. A 
chemical and biological decontaminant it also 
kills mould as well as eliminating its smell. 

EasyDECON™DF200 is particularly suitable 
for the decontamination of structures as it has 
the unique ability to adhere to vertical and 
inverted surfaces where it creates a foam 
blanket to maintain the required contact time 
between agent and the decontamination 
formulation. It has the added virtue of being 
non-corrosive and its use adds no 
environmental load to the clean-up operation. 
Kill time ranges from a few minutes to half and 
hour depending on agent and environmental 
conditions. 

When used with application equipment 
designed by the US Intelagard company even 
coverage is achieved thus maximising contact 
time and suppressing any reaction from the 
agent being treated whilst decontamination 
takes place. 

Whilst the Intelagard company are suppliers 
of EasyDECON™ and equipment for its 
application to the American military and 
Homeland Security amongst others PPS have 
won exclusive rights to the product in the UK, 
France, Spain, Germany, Japan and Italy all of 
whom are major users of current PPS 
decontamination equipment. 

The obvious major feature of this new system 
being offered by PPS is that it does not use 
water. According to Mark Whitcher, Managing 
Director of PPS, water has been at the core of all 
decontamination technologies until; now. 
"Essentially what water does" he says "is move 
contaminant from one place to another. In small 
quantities water can be contained and disposed 
of. With something the size of a vehicle you 
start to have problems and with a building it 
becomes just about impossible to use 
successfully. EasyDECON™ is the answer". 

Various systems for the delivery of the foam 
are available, from a backpack to a large scale 
fixed site decontamination system. 

A relatively small scale deployment 
apparatus, a backpack unit named the Macaw 
can be used for facilities protection at nuclear 
power plants, pharma companies, petro- 
chemical facilities and similar process 
operations as well as military installations. It 
has also developed a sport side being on hand 
at most US Grand Prix events. 

The fixed site decontamination system on the 


other hand can undertake interior and exterior 
building decontamination, hazmat and fire 
response, cargo and infrastructure protection as 
well as decontamination at airports, runways, 
seaports and roads amongst other types of 
infrastructure. 


What is the connection 
with Fire...? 

Helmet Protection on 
land and in the air 

Few of the many thousands of the 
Cromwell fire helmet users throughout the 
world, will be aware that UK based HELMET 
INTEGRATED SYSTEMS LTD (HISL) are also a 
leading international manufacturer of 
helmets for military and civil aircrew, now 
used by over 60 air arms worldwide. 

The extent to which aircrew helmets 
have developed over the years since the 
introduction of the 'bone dome', mirrors 
the similar development of fire helmets, in 
that there are very similar requirements for 
high levels of fire and impact resistance, 
comfort and fit, lightweight construction, 
and the ability to integrate with breathing 
and communication systems. 

HISL have been able to continuously 
transfer developments in materials and 
anthropometric research from the aircrew 
sector, to that of fire and rescue helmets, 
the latest result of this being their new 


Further information from: 
Professional Protections Systems Ltd. 
Tel: 01908 272240 
Fax: 01 980 371605 
Email: sales@ppsbg.com 
Website: www.ppsgb.com 


Cromwell dual shell helmet ER1-FR2, 
which enables different helmet 
configurations to be adopted depending 
upon operational requirements. This is a 
similar design concept to that of the 
helmet unit that they supply for the very 
latest F35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) which 
enables different 'mission modules' to be 
attached to the helmet unit. 

For further details of the Helmets range 
fire and aircrew please visit their website 
www.helmets.co.uk 


HlSL's Alpha fast jet helmet 




16 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


PRODUCT PROFILE 


Holmatro® Duo 
Pump DPU 31 PC: 

light AND quiet 

The DPU 31 PC Duo Pump - Personal Power® has been developed to meet the 
demand for a light and silent duo pump for the simultaneous operation of two 
rescue tools. 


W ith a weight of only 25 kg and an 
excellent centre of gravity the DPU 31 

PC Duo Pump can easily be carried by 
one person only. Most countries' occupational 
health and safety regulations state that one person 
is not allowed to carry objects heavier than 25 kg. 

Another important feature is the low noise level 
of 68 dB at 1 m distance. This is more comfortable 
for the victim. It also provides a better workplace for 
the rescuer because it is easier to communicate at 
the rescue scene. The pump has an eco mode 
switch: when connected tools are not used, the 
engine automatically switches to eco mode for a 
very low noise level and fuel consumption. 



For further information 
please visit: 
www.holmatro.com 


The DPU 31 PC Duo Pump has LED lighting 
above the valve block which allows for easy identi- 
fication of the pump location in the dark. Further- 
more, it facilitates coupling and uncoupling of the 
hoses. 

The pump is also equipped with gauges at the 
front for easy checking of oil and petrol levels. 

The hydraulic oil contents of 2490 cc is suffi- 
cient to operate two rescue tools at the same 
time. 

What makes the DPU 31 PC Duo Pump really 
unique is that it is the first Holmatro® duo pump 
that is standard equipped with Holmatro's revolu- 
tionary CORE™ Technology. This technology is a 
turning point in speed, ease and safety of operat- 
ing hydraulic rescue tools. For the DPU 31 PC Duo 
Pump and other duo pumps equipped with 



CORE™ Technology this means that you only need 
two hoses instead of four to connect two tools to 
the pump. Every connection of a hose to a pump 
and tool means 2 times coupling instead of 4, and 
2 times clicking dust caps together instead of 4. 
With a duo pump this means a saving of 8 times 
'coupling and clicking'! 

A traditional rescue system requires the rescuer 
to switch the pump (valve) to neutral before 
changing (disconnecting and connecting) the res- 
cue tool is possible. A CORE™ system allows the 
rescuer to change the tool while the hose is 'under 
flow'; the pump is running and the valve is always 
selected. It is no longer necessary to change the 



tool at the pump. On the contrary, the rescuer can 
change his tool any time, whenever the circum- 
stances require and without delay, even without 
releasing pressure at the pump. Working with 
CORE™ increases the rescuer's flexibility, s aves 
time and is much easier to handle. EEQ 



ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


17 



NEWS 


Qatar Petroleum selects Emergency Command 
System products for advanced fire training 





integrated fire command training system is that 
command at both the tactical and operational 
levels can be combined within exercises with a 
high degree of realism. Individual fire 
commanders can be trained and tested on their 
individual tactical fire ground skills, and more 
senior commanders can be trained and tested 
on their ability to manage major incidents 
where complex challenges can occur, resources 
need to be carefully managed and difficult 
decisions made. 

Emergency Command System products 
enable all exercise activities to be recorded for 
post-exercise analysis and comment. 
Consistency of training doctrine is promoted by 
adopting a computer-based approach which 
incorporates local operational procedures and 
local and international best practice. Emergency 
Command System scenarios already incorporate 
advanced technology for simulating typical 
activities specific to oil and gas fires, such as 
drenching systems and foam blankets. 

For further information contact: 
VectorCommand Limited 
Tel: +44 (0) 2392 410400 
Website: 

www.emergencycommandsystem.com 


• Mounting of the camera along the helmet 
center-line minimizes spatial disorientation 
between normal viewing and displayed 
camera image. 

• An adjustable display that can be used over 
either eye, offset for occasional reference, or 
moved completely out of the user's view. 
Applications for the HelmetVue camera 

include Structural/Proximity Firefighting, Wildland 
Firefighting, Hazardous Materials Emergencies, 
Urban Search and Rescue Incidents, Military SAR, 
Shipboard Damage Control Parties, Border 
Surveillance, and many other applications. 

Interested dealers should contact Sage 
Technologies by phone (+1 215 658 0500) or 
by email (sage@gosage.com). The HelmetVue 
may be seen at www.gosage.com 


Qatar Petroleum, one of the world's largest 
liquefied natural gas and oil exporters, has 
selected a package of advanced fire safety 
training software and services from leading UK 
technology company VECTORCOMMAND. The 
products were chosen to support the company's 
ambitious expansion plans for developing its 
gas and oil reserves and LNG tanker fleet, with 
associated requirements for training for crisis 
responders. 

The two products selected - Emergency 
Command System/Tactical Command Trainer 
and Emergency Command System/Training and 
Exercising System - are widely used by fire 
safety managers throughout the world to 
provide tactical command training and 
operational command training for crisis 
responders. 

Qatar Petroleum will initially use the two 
virtual reality-based training packages to 
prepare commanders for dealing with large tank 
farm fires and training for dealing with fire on 
LNG tanker ships. As part of the Qatar 
Petroleum contract, senior system developers 
and customer support staff from 


VectorCommand will travel to Qatar where they 
will work closely with local Qatar Petroleum 
personnel on product and scenario 
customisation as well as staff training and 
familiarisation. 

One of the many benefits of adopting a 
virtual reality-based approach within an 


Sage Technologies, Ltd. introduces 
Hands Free Thermal imaging To 
international Markets 


SAGE TECHNOLOGIES is looking for dealers to 
market their hands free helmet mounted thermal 
imaging camera, HelmetVue, in international 
markets. 

The HelmetVue camera system weighs less 
than one pound and uses two commercial AA 
batteries. It possesses a 160 by 120 pixel camera 
with a 50 degree field of view. The camera can be 
mounted on most helmets by a bracket secured 
to the brim or by a helmet strap adaptation. 

Either method enables the camera to be secured 
to a quick release mechanism for transfer to 
another helmet. 

The HelmetVue camera is distributed in the 
United States and Canada by the Total Fire Group 
company and is marketed as the FireWarrior. 
Hundreds of units have been sold and have 
demonstrated the camera's effectiveness in 
severe environmental conditions. The HelmetVue 
camera is also distributed in Japan by COMTEC 
Corporation. 


The benefits of a hands free IR camera system 
primarily rest upon the facts that less personnel 
are required for fire suppression and that 
individuals are able to perform hand-required 
tasks while "seeing" in either smoke or darkness. 
Some of these benefits can be identified as: 

• Total hands-free operation during 
suppression, search/rescue, and 
overhaul/salvage operations. 

• Reduction of your search time to locate 
victims or the fire source. 

• Essential visibility through darkness and 
smoke (since the camera senses temperature 
differences, it is especially effective in seeing 
hot spots and locating victims). 

• An ergonomic design that enables 
firefighters/emergency responders to 
simultaneously see both thermal and normal 
views. 

• A quick release design that facilitates easy 
and fast transfer of the camera between 
firefighters/emergency responders. 


18 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 






Let’s hear it for the scientists. 


In industrial fires, response time is important, but getting there fast isn’t always enough. 
For safer, more effective fire suppression, reducing the risk of burn-back is critical. 

Fire-fighting foams made with DuPont" Forafac® fluorinated surfactants extinguish fire 
and increase burn-back time on all types of polar liquid and hydrocarbon fires. 

With a broad range of industrial applications including oil, chemical and aviation 
fire-fighting foams, Forafac® additives are also compatible with a variety of surfactants 
to meet specific formulation needs. 


* * ^ j* X 


With over 30 years of leadership in the science of fire suppression, DuPont is 
committed to developing safe, reliable products that improve performance 
—and meet regulatory guidelines. 


Our wealth of reliable, safe ingredients, combined with market knowledge and technical 
expertise, provides the raw materials needed for product exploration and customization. 
This, as well as the trust the world has in us, affords our customers the freedom to innovate. 


DuPont" Forafac® 

DuPont Surface Protection Solutions 



The miracles of science™ 


www.firesuppression.dupont.com Asia Pacific +886.2.2719.1999 Europe +33.1.41.97.45.59 North America 1-866-828-7009 


Copyright © 2007 DuPont. The DuPont Oval Logo, DuPont”, The miracles of science”, and Forafac® are trademarks or registered trademarks of E.l. du Pont de Nemours and Company or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 



Real Fire - Real Training 


Real Experience 






Training with our fire training systems 
prepares you and your personnel for real-life 
scenarios 

Please visit our website or contact us at the 
following mail address: mat.lock@draeger.com 
for more information. 


PIONEERING SOLUTIONS » 


Detection 

1 

Personal Protection 

Dragersafety 1 

Diving Technology 

System Technology 


Services 

1 




ARFF TRAINING 


By Mat Lock 

Drager Safety Asia Pte 
Ltd, Singapore 



Thailand's 
Aviation Training 
Takes Off 

Aviation fire protection is a well documented and commonly discussed topic 
within the international arena. Global economics and trade have facilitated 
unprecedented growth of the aviation sector resulting in Airports becoming the 
transport hubs of modern life and air traffic around the world. What is clear 
however is that with this growth comes an increased logistical and operational 
consideration for aviation emergency services. 


I t is these considerations which Wing Com- 
mander Lukchai Chaleoyprach, Vice President of 
the Rescue and Fire Fighting Department at 
Bangkok's new Suvarnabhumi Airport, must also 
come to grips with. With the grand opening of the 
new airport on the 28 th September 2006 the initial 
phase has seen the airport handle approximately 
76 movements per hour with an anticipated 45 
million passengers per year. Five of its 51 gates are 
already equipped to handle the new Airbus A380 
and the three stations of the Aircraft Rescue & Fire 
Fighting (ARFF) Department are manned 24 hours 
a day for the purpose of firefighting, rescue 
missions and fire prevention. 

Airports are categorised on a scale of 1-10, 
based on the largest size of aircraft that regularly 
uses the Airport. The largest airports in the world at 
the moment are Cat. 9, but the new double-decker 


Airbus A380 aircraft soon to be brought into opera- 
tion shall require Cat. 10 facilities. Specific standards 
are laid out for the emergency services for each 
Category, including the number of fire appliances; 
minimum performance levels for appliances; crew- 
ing numbers; training for fire-fighters; amount of 
water, foam, and other extinguishing agents; 
Rescue equipment to be carried; emergency access 
routes; and additional water supplies. 

It is up to the ARFF to ensure that the standard 
is met at all times, and if the standard cannot be 
reached or maintained for some reason, then it 
may be necessary to divert the larger aircraft to air- 
ports that can provide the required facilities. In the 
case of an emergency, an aircraft may be forced to 
land at an airport not matching its category size. 

Like all ARFF units, the crew's at Suvarnabhumi 
Airport, Bangkok's new International facility, may 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


21 


ARFF TRAINING 



be required to respond to fire alarms that actuate 
in the terminal building(s), to Road Traffic Acci- 
dents that occur on the airport grounds and to a 
myriad of other possible incident's that require 
special skills. The primary job of the ARFF is how- 
ever the protection of aircraft and their occupants. 

History has shown that approximately 80% of 
all aircraft accidents occur during the take-off and 
landing phase. As a result emergency personnel 
must receive regular response training for possible 
incidents that may occur. As with all training it 
must be realistic, safe and repeatable whilst limit- 
ing its impact on the environment. 

In answer to these requirements Drager Safety 
has developed a broad spectrum of turnkey avia- 
tion training systems, the very latest of which can 
be found at Suvarnabhumi Airport. Engineered 
solutions such as these help emergency personnel 
maintain the required state of preparedness in-line 
with the international regulatory requirements. 

The Training Facility 

Acting as the Prime Contractor, Drager Safety was 
responsible for the entire co-ordination and 
integration of this turn-key project. They achieved 
project success through a carefully orchestrated 
combination of regional and head office support. 
In addition, numerous aspects of this facility were 
produced locally thereby demanding a solid 
international project management capability and 
cultural understanding. 

The new 2.6-hectare training facility is located 
directly next to the new terminal and is home to 
three separate trainers all of which are controlled 
via the central computer terminal in the control 
building. 

• Boeing 747 aviation trainer 

• Fuel spill simulator 

• SCBA training gallery 

The Passive Aircraft Trainer (PAT) 

This wide bodied, multi level aircraft trainer comes 
in the form of a Boeing 747 and is a full size replica 
of the actual aircraft. This trainer represents the 


very latest of Drager Safety's 'Passive Aircraft 
Trainer' (PAT) range and can be filled with cosmetic 
smoke for increased realism during search and 
rescue scenarios. 

The aircraft mock-up is constructed using over 
250 tonnes of corrosion resistant steel and incor- 
porates many realistic features which enhance this 
modern training environment. These include a 
realistic compartment orientation, representative 
door openings, accurately scaled engine nacelles 
and an evacuation slide from the Gull Wing door 
on the upper deck. The PAT can be used to per- 
form numerous incident scenarios and practice 
evacuation procedures. 

Equipped with Drager Safety respiratory 
equipment and thermal imaging cameras, rescue 
personnel comb the internal areas in the search for 
passengers, crew members and the cause of the 
incident. Numerous 75kg manikins are strategically 
located throughout the aircraft to add a further 
level of challenge and realism. 

The Fuel Spill Trainer (FST) 

This module simulates a fuel spill fire and is 
complete with a Boeing 737 replica in its centre. 
To maximise safety and minimise the environ- 
mental impact of this new training facility LPG 
Propane is used to create all flame generation - a 
process that requires a wide range of integrated 
safety systems and proven control philosophy. 

With a total surface area of over 750m 2 it is 
important to ensure a realistic and versatile train- 
ing environment is maintained. As a result the 
Drager Safety FST incorporates a total of 66 indi- 
vidually controlled sections which can be operated 
at variable and operator selectable flame heights. 

The FST also includes Drager Safety's unique 
Media Detection system. A total of 132 sensors 
automatically detect the application of extinguish- 
ing media and cause the fire(s) to react accordingly. 
By harnessing the ingenuity of the computer 
control system the spread of fire is controlled to 
accurately represent the real situation. 

The two most commonly used foam types are 


22 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



ARFF TRAINING 


THAILAND'S AVIATION TRAINING TAKES OFF. . . 



compatible for use with the FST. These are Film- 
Forming Fluoroprotein (FFFP) or Aqueous Film 
Forming Fluorochemical (AFFF), both of which are 
mixed with water in a certain ratio to produce 
finished foam. In addition, a wide range of 
training foams can be used with this simulator. 

As you would expect from such a large and 
spectacular facility, it is also important to protect 
the B737 mock-up from the rigours of repeated 
live fire training. To that end a water drenching 
system is installed along the length and breadth of 
the mock-up providing a protective film of water 
over the fuselage at a rate of 10.2 ltrs/min/m 2 
in-line with NFPA 1 5. 

SCBA Training Gallery 

SCBA sets are provided to all aviation fire service 
operational personnel for respiratory protection 
from smoke, toxic fumes and other substances. As 
a leading manufacturer of SCBA, Drager Safety 
also has a long history of supplying comprehensive 
training galleries to compliment this life preserving 
apparatus. 

An additional SCBA facility was developed adja- 
cent to the two aircraft trainers and provides heat, 
humidity, cosmetic smoke and confined space 
training together with search and rescue capabili- 
ties. This capability provides both recruit training 
and skills maintenance competences for Wing 
Commander Lukchai Chaleoyprach and his team. 

"Before my personnel are deployed they have to 
complete this live fire training", emphasises Wing 
Commander Lukchai Chaleoyprach. As well as the 
realism of training he attaches great importance to 
the safety standard employed in the manufacture of 
the equipment. "We also practice evacuation pro- 
cedures here by sending our fire fighters into the 
smoke logged Boeing 747. Our safety procedures 
allow us to maintain in constant communication 
with our men whilst they are inside." 

The Control & Operation System 

The entire facility is operated via a central computer 
which is located in the control room overlooking 
the training ground. Underpinned by an industrially 
proven PLC hardware configuration, the Windows 
based operating system provides real-time infor- 
mation to the controller in English, German or the 
local Thai language. 

The ease and simplicity of the operating system 




We present a comprehensive range of high-performance and environment compatible fire fighting foam concentrates. 

24 HOUR EMERGENCY SERVICE +49 (0) 40-736 1680 



Headquarters Branch Office 

Liebigstr. 5 • D-221 13 Hamburg Konigsteiner Str. 5 • D-01796 Pima 

Telephone +49 (0)40-73 61 68-0 Telephone +49(0)35 01-46 44 84 + 52 40 06 

Telefax +49 (0) 40-73 61 68-60 Telefax +49 (0) 35 01 -46 44 85 

E-Mail: info@sthamer.com • www.sthamer.com 



ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


23 



ARFF TRAINING 


THAILAND'S AVIATION TRAINING TAKES OFF. . . 



is a testament to Drager Safety's design team and 
engineers. Not only does the system perform self 
diagnostic checks to ensure full and correct system 
status prior to training but it also captures a wide 
range of data for use by the training and main- 
tenance teams post-training. 

The modern training arena remains a dynamic 
and exciting environment which requires continual 
re-assessment in the search for improved efficien- 
cies and compliance maintenance. Occupational 
health and safety together with industry regulation 
and guidelines continue to steer this ever evolving 
market. 

"Simply stated, airports are categorised on a 
scale of 1-10 based on the largest size of aircraft 



they regularly cater for. The largest airports around 
the world, such as Suvarnabhumi Airport, are 
currently Cat. 9 but as the aviation industry enters a 
new era of aircraft design with models such as the 
Airbus A380, airports may be called to review their 
operational capacity." stated Mat Lock, Regional 
Manager Asia Pacific, Drager Safety. "It is not just 
direct passenger and aircraft considerations that 
need to be catered for but emergency prepared- 
ness and training also. We are assisting many 
airports with their training needs analysis and 
allied capabilities development". 

Of course, facilities such as this provide a train- 
ing capability for a wider spectrum of needs than 
simply live fire or search and rescue training. As 
mentioned previously, the role of a modern avia- 
tion fire crew is varied and places demands upon 
their personnel and equipment. There are many 
ancillary applications for which this facility will be 
used, these include; major incident training, com- 
mand and control training and counter terrorist 
applications. In addition, there is a need for the 
required support facilities to support these training 
activities. 

"It is crucial that a holistic approach is adopted 
when developing any training facility. Drawing 
upon a wealth of experience in manufacturing 
personal protection and detection products, devel- 
oping breathing gas and workshop systems 
together with a strong regional presence for pro- 
ject support of training facilities, Drager Safety is 
becoming the natural choice for many emergency 
and military organisations around the world" 
stated Mat Lock, "Additionally, our own training 
and service capabilities enable us to support each 
installation throughout its life using our local 
offices and staff. This has the clear advantage of 
language capabilities, support response times and 
future system development alike'. 

The Suvarnabhumi Airport training facility is 
one which the airport emergency services and 
Drager Safety are rightly proud of. It reflects a 
modern and professional engineered solution in 
answer to the current regulatory demands o f the 
aviation world. EQ3 


24 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



jur 




• EIU 1568-3 certified 

• Wetting power @ 0,1% 

• Foaming power @ 0,5% : creates a blanket 

• Efficient on hydrocarbons fires ~ 

• Low, Medium & High Expansion / c 


Bio Ex S-A- 

■ jisomi jzi Z.l. La Petite Oliviere - 69770 Montrottier • FRANCE 

Tel. : +33 474 702 381 - Fax : +33 474 702 394 - export@bio-ex.fr 


Advanced Quality 

www.bio-ex.com 



TRAIN • SERVE 1 RESPOND 


The International 


FIRE TRAINING LEADER 


TEEX trains emergency response personnel from more 
than 30 countries each year. Each course can be tailored to 
meet your exact needs in a variety of areas: 


• Industrial / structural firefighting 

• Marine firefighting and spill response 

• Hazardous materials response 

• Weapons of mass destruction response 

• Emergency medical services 

• Search and rescue 

• Incident management 

• Aircraft rescue and firefighting 

• Incident command 


Visit our Web site www.teex.com/esti or call 1 .866.878.8900 to 
schedule courses today. 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


25 




1 



TRELLCHEM VPS: 


PERSONAL PROTECTION 
EXCELLENCE 

Trellchem® VPS suits combine protection from 
a wide range of dangerous working situations 
and uncompromising quality. This makes each 
suit a very cost-effective, long-lasting personal 
protection solution. 

Designed and skilfully handmade by expert 
craftsmen, each Trellchem® VPS suit takes 
advantage of proprietary multilayer laminate 
technology that provides excellent chemical 
barrier properties. 

Personal protective suits are a significant com- 
ponent in often risk-filled activities. Trellchem 
VPS suits are therefore built to be extremely 
durable and strong while still maintaining neces- 
sary and reliable levels of functionality. 

Ask for Trellchem® VPS - Wide-ranging, cost- 
effective personal protective suits. 


Certificates & Approvals Trellchem® VPS 

European standard for hazmat/emergency teams EN 943-2. 

NFPA 1991 incl. chem/bio warfare testing. A Trellchem® VPS suit 
fulfils all demands as a “single skin” suit and does not require any 
additional cover to meet flame and abrasion requirements. 


w 

TRELLEBORG 

ENGINEERED SYSTEMS 




Trellchem HPS-T & 
VPS-VP1 ' single skin - 
one layer' reusable suits 
by Trelleborg 



By John F. Eklund 

Senior Sales and 
Product Manager, 
Trelleborg Protective 
Products AB 



Do Type Approval 
Certificates Give 
The Entire Answer? 

A reflection on chemical protective 
suits from the standards point of view 

Chemical protective suits (CPS) are available in many different designs and 
materials. The decision of what CPS to use must be based on type of application 
and desired protection factor for the actual user. 


T here are CPS standards that establish minimum 
requirements as guideline for decision makers 
and first responders when evaluating/selecting 
CPS. These standards are good tools provided that 
their rather complex content is understood correctly. 

The most recognised standards for CPS of level A' 
(i.e. totally encapsulated) type suits are the American 
NFPA 1991 and the European EN 943. The former must 
be considered as the superior (i.e. most stringent) of the 
two, as shown in the summary comparison table. 

Besides the fact that the chemical permeation resis- 
tance test criteria and test duration stipulated in the 
American standard is more stringent compared to the 
European equivalent, NFPA 1991 requires abrasion of 
test samples prior to the chemical permeation resistance 
test. This requirement is regardless of the CPS being of 
a 'single skin/one layer reusable' or a 'disposable/limited 
use' type. The EN 943 standard does not dictate any 
abrasion prior to the chemical resistance test. 

The fact that chemical permeation tests in accor- 
dance with NFPA 1991 are made on abraded material 
is of great importance and advantage for the users 
since these results reflect the reality much better than 
corresponding tests made according to EN 943. 

A chemical protective suit does not only represent a 
chemical barrier protective piece of equipment but also 
a working garment which will be exposed not only to 
contact with aggressive chemicals but to general wear 
and tear when operated. 

Chemical resistance information based on test 
results made to the American standard NFPA 1991 


offers greater confidence for the user since the pre- 
conditioning involves severe abrasion, reflecting wear 
and tear, which chemical protective suits are exposed 
to during operations and training. 

Do type approval certificates give the entire answer? 

The answer to this question could, in fact, be "yes 
and no" depending how deep we are prepared to dig 
into the rather complex content of the standard 
documents and to understand the limitation of the 
available options of CPS. 

The market offers in principle two different 
approaches/solutions to meet the requirements out- 
lined in the stringent American NFPA 1991 standard: 

Option one includes suits made of delicate and 
fragile plastic laminate based materials which are 
often referred to as disposable or limited use or 
'Suit-in-Suit' ensembles. 

These plastic laminate based suits require a second 
outer aluminised protective over cover to be certified 
according to the American NFPA 1991 standard. The 
second outer aluminised protective suit not only pro- 
vides flame retardant resistance properties but (more 
importantly and unfortunately often not known) also 
protection from abrasion and other physical wear and 
tear hazards, which these delicate and fragile multi 
layer thin foil laminate based materials cannot stand. 
Consequently, this aluminised over cover (second suit) 
is mandatory to meet the abrasion as well as the 
flame retardant requirements in the NFPA standard 
and to be certified to the NFPA1 99 1 . 

Outside the North American market this over cover 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


27 




CHEMICAL PROTECTIVE SUITS 


DO TYPE APPROVAL CERTIFICATES GIVE THE ENTIRE ANSWER? 


STANDARDS ON GASTIGHT CHEMICAL PROTECTIVE CLOTHING 


John F. Eklund (b. 1951) is 
Senior Sales and Product 
Manager of the Trelleborg 
Protective Products AB, a 
company within the Swedish 
international industrial group 
Trelleborg AB. John is a 
highly qualified engineer with 
more than 23 years of 
experience in managing the 
development, engineering, 
production, marketing and 
sales of advanced chemical 
protective clothing (CPC) and 
other personal protective 
equipment (PPE). 


USA 

Europe 

STANDARD: 

NFPA 1991 

STANDARD: 

EN943-1 and EN943-2 

TEST CHEMICALS: 

21 specified chemicals (1 5 liquids and 6 gases) 

TEST CHEMICALS: 

EN943-1 : > 2 none specified chemicals 

EN943-2: 1 5 specified chemicals (1 2 liquids and 3 gases) 

CHEMICAL RESISTANCE TEST METHOD: 

Permeation resistance test method; ASTM F739 

CHEMICAL RESISTANCE TEST METHOD: 

Permeation resistance test method; 

EN374-3 or EN ISO 6529 

DETECTION LIMIT OF PERMEATION TEST: 

0,1 pg/cm 2 /min 

DETECTION LIMIT OF PERMEATION TEST: 

1,0 pg/cm 2 /min 

PRECONDITIONING OF PRIMARY SUIT MATERIALS 

PRIOR TO PERMEATION TEST: 

Flexing and (!) abrasion 

PRECONDITIONING OF PRIMARY SUIT MATERIALS 

PRIOR TO PERMEATION TEST: 

None 

DURATION OF PERMEATION TEST: 

> 60 min 

DURATION OF PERMEATION TEST: 

EN943-1 : 10 min 

EN943-2: 30 min (or if failure to pass include warning in 
users manual) 

TEST TEMPERATURE OF CHEMICAL PERMEATION 
RESISTANCE TEST: 

+27°C (+81 °F) 

TEST TEMPERATURE OF CHEMICAL RESISTANCE 
PERMEATION TEST: 

+23°C (+73°F) or 20°C (+68°F) 

CHEMICAL RESISTANCE TEST OF ZIPPER/CLOSURE: 

Tested for penetration resistance for 60 min after 50 
opening/closing cycles. 

CHEMICAL RESISTANCE TEST OF ZIPPER/CLOSURE: 

Tested for permeation resistance for 5 min (no 
preconditioning i.e. opening/closing required). This test 
applies to EN943-2 only! 

WARFARE AGENT RESISTANCE TEST: 

"Chembio" testing with five agents (permeation test 
method CRDC-SP-84010); min. test duration: 60 min., 
test temperature: +32°C (+90°F) except for CK 
permeation test method ASTM F739) 

WARFARE AGENT RESISTANCE TEST: 

No test stipulated. 



• NEW RANGE FOR 2006 

• ONE PIECE POWERED RESPIRATOR SUIT 

• NUCLEAR ONE AND TWO PIECE DISPOSABLE SUITS 

• DIFFERENT MATERIALS AVAILABLE FOR SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS 

• FIXED AND PORTABLE PPE DECONTAMINATION SHOWERS 



PROTECTION HOUSE, SHERBOURNE DRIVE, TILBR00K, MILTON KEYNES, BUCKS, ENGLAND MK7 8HX. 
tel: +44(0)1908 272240 

WWW* pos ^ ±> * CO//J 


(i.e. second suit) is often "forgotten" by the 
distributors due to price and in some cases also due 
to ignorance. Often, the inner barrier "plastic" suit is 
sold without any over cover but reference is made to 
type approval certificates, test protocols, resistance 
tables etc. which are valid for the complete (Suit-in- 
Suit) ensemble only. A fact, which could jeopardise 
the safety of the wearer. 

Furthermore, these limited use type of "plastic" 
suits are made of delicate and fragile plastic laminate 
based materials, which do not incorporate any strong 
base fabric but a non-woven "tissue" only offering 
very poor mechanical strength properties compared to 
the durable and reusable 'single skin - one layer' type 
of CPS which incorporate strong, safe and flexible true 
fabric. 

The second option is the durable, robust and 
reusable 'single skin - one layer' type of CPS. These 
exclusive reusable 'single skin - one layer' suits meet 
or surpass all requirements of the NFPA 1991 
standard, including the stringent abrasion and flame- 
retardant tests without any need of an aluminised 
over cover i.e. second suit. These reusable suits are 
made of garment materials of advanced polymeric 
multi layer laminates incorporating a barrier laminate 
and a strong, safe and flexible true base textile. 

Lists of all available CPS products certified to the EN 
943 by the various European notified bodies are 
unfortunately not available, which poses a major prob- 
lem/challenge for decision makers and first responders 
when evaluating available certified options. Such lists 
of CPS products certified to NFPA 1991 exist in Ameri- 
ca and are published on the Internet. However the lists 
do not group or differentiate disposable or limited use 
(Suit-in-Suit) ensembles from reusable 'single skin - 
one layer' type of CPS. 

Your decision and selection of CPS will not be about 
a piece of clothing. It will be about a life support system 
- your last link in your chain of protective equip ment. 
And someone's life could depend on it. EH9 


28 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



Thermal imaging just got hotter 


argus 


The argus "4 

Want to know why e2v , s argus™4 is the hottest thermal 
imaging camera on the market? At a reduced weight of 
only 1.5kg and the ability to adapt the camera to suit 
individual requirements, this camera brings together 
practical usability without compromising comfort, 
safety and durability. 

— y Light, small and robust 

—❖Up to 100 image capture capability 

— >• Personalised screen options 

—❖Full colour display 

—y Digital electronics 

— ❖ X2 zoom 


* 


argus™4 

+44 (0)1245 453443 

www.argusdirect.com 



All round heod protection in any (ire fighting - All round head protection in rescue service interventions • Industrial protection whenever temperatures ore significantly increased (250°C, 30 min) 





HELMETS 


Jet Style Fire Helmet 



By Bob Gaskell 

Helmet Integrated 
Systems Ltd 


Fire Helmets - 
the way forward 

Fire fighting helmets have come a long way since the days when they were 
made from a combination of cork, vulcanised rubber and cotton twill bonded 
with resins. 


I n the 1930's the first cork helmets were intro- 
duced to replace the impressive looking, but 
increasingly impracticable helmets manufactured 
from brass. The use of layers of cork sheet cut and 
glued together, was the same manufacturing 
process as that used for many years when making 
the tropical 'topee' helmet. 

The use of cork gave the benefits of good shock 
and thermal protection combined with lighter 
weight and reasonable comfort to the wearer. This 
then established the distinctive style of helmet 
with a brim and comb that became the standard 
for use in many countries worldwide. However, 
the drive towards more rigorous standards of pro- 
tection, with the need to improve wearer comfort 
and reduce through life costs, accelerated the 
development of fire and rescue helmets to meet 
these requirements. 

Fortunately the availability of modern materials 
such as thermoplastics, composites and resin 
impregnated glass fibre, combined with new 
moulding techniques have enabled the introduc- 
tion of helmets that are both lightweight, and 
extremely strong. 

Having to be worn in arduous and hazardous 
conditions, there are two main criteria that estab- 
lish the suitability of the modern fire helmet - the 
level of protection provided to the wearer and 
comfort and fit, 

To provide protection for the face and head 
against a wide range of hazards such as, impact 
penetration and shock, fire, radiant heat, chemi- 


cals, and electrocution, and to do so in varying cli- 
matic and operational conditions, places great 
demands on the helmet, and consequently on the 
design and construction process leading up to 
approval testing, certification, and introduction 
into service. 

Apart from the physical protection provided by 
the helmet, the extent to which the helmet can be 
adjusted for both fit and comfort, ensures that an 
effective interface with a breathing apparatus 
facemask and protective clothing can be achieved. 
The helmet therefore will usually achieve this by 
means of an adjustable headband, forward and 
backward location, height adjustment capability, 
and a multi position brow guard angle. 

In addition the construction of modern fire hel- 
mets provide the added benefits of easily replaced 
individual components, thereby reducing mainte- 
nance, improving hygiene and increasing service 
life with an associated reduction in lifetime owner- 
ship costs. 

The current British/European Standard BS EN 
443:1997, is an internationally accepted approval 
standard for fire helmets, and in common with 
other international standards such as AS 4067 
(Australia) and includes an extensive series of tests 
covering, field of vision, shock absorption, resis- 
tance to sharp objects, flame resistance, radiant 
heat resistance, electrical properties, and retention 
system strength, with additional optional wet hel- 
met and surface insulation tests. 

Prior to testing the helmet is subjected to 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


31 



HELMETS 


Dual Shell Fire Helmet 



pre-conditioning which will include procedures 
such as UV ageing, solvent conditioning, and 
thermal plus or minus conditioning, depending 
upon the specific test to be carried out. A separate 
standard and testing procedure applies to the 
helmet faceshield, the current standard being 
British/European Standard BS EN166: 2001, which 
has superceded BS EN1 66:1 995 

By nature of the varied and extreme operational 
conditions experienced, the fire and emergency ser- 
vices have particularly demanding communications 
requirements. Confined spaces, high temperatures, 
high levels of ambient noise, all combined with the 
stress and rigour of the work being undertaken, 
make good radio communications a vital necessity. 

Most fire helmets can now be supplied with 
integral communication systems, or be capable of 
accepting a removable headset with microphone 
and receiver that can be connected to the radio via 


a downlead and push to talk unit. 

A major factor in the design of the latest fire 
helmets has been the requirement to reference 
published international anthropometrical data relat- 
ing to both male and female fire fighters and rescue 
personnel, across a range of ethnic groups, thereby 
ensuring that the helmet will be suitable for interna- 
tional use. Consequently the latest development in 
fire helmets has been the introduction of dual shell 
types that reflect this requirement 

Dual shell helmets enable the Fire and 
Rescue Services to use the double shell helmet 
when undertaking structural fire fighting opera- 
tions, and use only the inner shell when attending 
other emergencies such as road traffic accidents, 
woodland fire fighting, water rescue, urban search 
and rescue and industrial incidents such as con- 
fined space rescue operations. 

For the future the fact that several international 
manufacturers of fire helmets are also manufactur- 
ing helmets for military and civil aircrew means that 
some of the technology and operational features 
can cross over into the development of fire helmets. 

The latest aircrew helmets such as those being 
developed for the Eurofighter Typhoon and Lock- 
heed Martin F35 Joint Strike Fighter, introduce hel- 
met mounted flight information displays, high 'g' 
load sealing masks with advanced communication 
systems, and materials which enable the helmet to 
be lighter and have the optimum in fit and com- 
fort levels. Many of the requirements of an aircrew 
helmet mirror those of the fire helmet - impact 
and penetration resistance, fire and radiant heat 
protection, coupled with minimal physiological 
effect on the wearer. 

It is very probable that special fire and rescue 
operations teams will need to use such helmets in 
the future. There are already major advances in the 
use of telemetry associated with the use of breath- 
ing apparatus and fire entry control systems; the 
limiting factor has always been the extra weight 
that ancillary equipment adds to the base equip- 
ment. The fire helmet can be an ideal platform for 
the addition of sensing, warning and monitoring 
equipment that integrate with the other protective 
equipment worn by the emergency services 
personnel. 


By Paul Bowkett 


Firefighter Footwear 

Footwear specific to fire fighting has to perform various functions in what is the 
harshest most dangerous work environment anybody would ever face. There are 
important aspects to consider which combine safety & comfort of the wearer. 


Changes 

T he advances in safety footwear have been 
vast since the days of heavy solid soles. The 
trend for lighter materials and comfort factors 
in leisure footwear generally means that this is 
demanded across all aspects of workplace 
footwear, whether it be for patrolling, construc- 
tion or firefighting. Manufacturers have to find 
ways to develop footwear which improves the 
levels of safety and include those important com- 
fort factors. 

In addition to those product expectations the 
role of the fire fighter is changing due to the 


broader variety of callouts. Wellington boots may 
be ok in fire or water related incidents but for 
Road Traffic Accidents and other rescue situations 
they could be totally inappropriate. Firefighters 
need to be fully mobile and effective in all situa- 
tions they face, and would indicate the need for a 
multi-task solution. 

important Features 

Footwear must comply with the latest safety 
standards, which ensure the footwear will resist a 
minimum level of impact and compression force. It 
should also allow for wearer comfort in a long 


32 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



HELMETS, BOOTS AND GLOVES 


enduring shift using quality materials and innova- 
tive technology to this end. 

Upper Materials 

Upper materials should be considered for its 
resistance to hazardous environments and natural 
elements, but also the level of breathability it will 
provide. The best full grain thick leather ensures 
some protection from flames and water and 
allows the foot to breathe, rubber is fully water- 
proof but is often hot, sweaty and uncomfortable 
to wear. 

The Sole 

The sole is probably the most crucial element of 
firefighting footwear as this will have the longest 
contact with the ground. Procurement managers 
should look for a tough rubber outsole for superior 
durability, to resist nicks and cuts into the sole and 
for its higher heat resistance. The sole is also 




THE WORLD’S 
FIREFIGHTERS 


responsible for comfort of the feet and other parts 
of the body. Solid rubber soles do not allow for 
shock absorption which can effect long term con- 
dition of knees, hips, the neck and back. Plus they 
are often heavy and tiring on the wearer's feet. 
Dual density sole combinations are commonly 
used which incorporate two specific layers of 
material, a harder dense outsole with a lower 
density midsole to provide a lightweight and 
comfortable wear. 

Donning and Doffing 

There is clearly an emphasis on speed in both don- 
ning in rapid callout situation and getting the 
footwear off easily after long hot shifts or in an 
emergency. There have been stories of firefighters 
having to be cut out of their boots after an 
extremely long and difficult shift, which makes this 
problem very real. Some premier manufacturers 
have considered this problem and created an 
elasticated, flexible ankle area in a traditional 
leather Wellington style. This offers security whilst 
in action, but also makes them easy to remove. 
Other ideas include a lace up/zip up combination 
so the footwear can be tightly secured to the 
preferred level but also quickly zipped on and off. 


BRISTOL 




www.bristoluniforms.com 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


33 



BOOTS 



Fit 

Although obvious, a good fitting boot improves 
the performance of a firefighter, giving them confi- 
dence in their uniform to go out and focus entirely 
on the job in hand. Again it is arguable that tradi- 
tional rubber Wellingtons can provide an adequate 
fit versus other branded of footwear. A good 
secure fit can be achieved by a fitting consultation 
to ascertain the correct size, and looking at zip up, 
lace up or elasticated grip alternatives. 

Technologies 

With all the essential safety features covered, fire 
brigades must then consider the fit and comfort 
factors that differ between manufacturers. The 
most crucial aspect is the sole where technologies 
may differ. Whilst there are many soling tech- 
nologies, only a handful would suffice for a 
firefighting role. The best 'fit for purpose' firefighter 


sole on the market would be the dual density 
rubber (DDR) sole, as it is a highly durable thick 
rubber sole made of two specific layers, a tough 
high density outsole and a lower density midlayer 
which provides the shock absorption and comfort. 
In practical terms other soles with a combination 
of polyurethane and rubber cannot offer the same 
level of protection and durability. 

All firefighting footwear should also include 
waterproof properties which can be provided by 
use of waterproof membranes or rubber. Premium 
firefighting footwear includes systems like 
GORE-TEX® to provide a breathable yet water- 
proof solution. Generally these systems offer the 
best level of comfort in terms of warmth and 
dryness, and can prevent foot or nail diseases. 

Fitting consultations are always recommended to 
ensure all firefighters obtain the best fitting and most 
comfortable boot to the correct safety standard. 

Conclusion 

Footwear should allow the wearer to be in complete 
control, so the right fit and great flexibility in a pair 
of boots make for important considerations. Pro- 
curement officers must not overlook comfort factors 
for firefighter footwear, where a lighter weight and 
shock absorbing rubber sole can make all the differ- 
ence to the performance and long term health of 
the team. The right footwear offers a firefighter the 
optimum protection against the extreme external 
hazards but factors in those important comfort and 
flexibility features to ensure the firefighter can last 
the distance. It is what we have tried to do with our 
own Goliath firefighter range, taking in all those 
considerations and developing a comfortable, 
lightweight dual density rubber sole solution. 

For further information about the Goliath Footwear 
range please visit www.goliath.co.uk. 


By Caroline 
Southcombe 

Southcombe Brothers 
Ltd 


Modern-day armour 

A firefighters' hands are one of the most vulnerable parts of his body. Hands are 
used to clear debris, burning or contaminated with chemicals, blood or other 
pathogens. Firefighters use them to lift the injured from wreckage or fire. 


G loves that protect the user and yet still 
manage to be dexterous are the holy grail 
of fire gloves, and gloves are the most 
discussed items of PPE. Debates rage as to which 
type of glove is preferable and indeed which 
materials are the 'best'. The one truth that comes 
from all this debating is that there is not one 
'magic' glove that will do it all, and gloves for 
fighting structural fires need different qualities 
from those used for extrication purposes. 

We know that fire-fighters face many different 
hazards as part of their daily work. Solvents, 
chemicals and sharp objects are just as threatening 
as the risk of scalds and burns and firefighters are 
equally as likely to encounter them. Therefore all 
fire gloves have to provide protection against a 
wide variety of hazards. Of course, they must also 
allow the firefighter sufficient dexterity to operate 
all the complex machinery used in today's 
technologically developed fire service. 

Historically, most fire brigades in the UK had 


purchased gloves to the American National Fire 
Protection Association (NFPA) specification. The 
ideology behind the development of American 
gloves was that the thicker and harder they are, 
the more protection they could offer. The new 
European standard (EN 659), introduced in 1996, 
challenged this. That standard has now been 
refined and a further standard added - 
EN659:2003. This includes a number of alterations 
and additional tests to take into account: 


There are three levels of protection applicable 
to an EN standard. 

1 simple design 

2 intermediate design 

3 complex design 


Fire-fighting gloves incorporate the highest level 
(3), complex design. All of the materials used in 
the glove, plus the actual design and structure are 
tested by an independent laboratory before being 


34 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


GLOVES 


HELMETS, BOOTS AND GLOVES 


awarded the EN standard. The manufacturing of 
complex design products must also be certified to 
an approved Quality Management system. 

Current thinking means that minimum perfor- 
mance standards have now been increased for 
abrasion, tear and performance standards. This 
ensures that gloves that meet the standard are 
now more robust and durable, offering greater 
levels of mechanical protection. 

A revised version of this standard has now been 
accepted: EN659:2003. This includes a number of 
alterations and additional tests, taking into 
account areas that were not previously covered by 
the 1996 document. For example, the method 
given for radiant heat has been changed. The new 
methods given in ISO 6942 (superceding EN366) 
utilised a heat flux density of 40k/m 2 . 

A requirement for the contact heat of a wet 
glove has also been included. This test takes into 
account the potential risk of steam burns or scalds 
where moisture build-up on the inside of the glove 
is driven to steam through external contact of the 
glove with hot objects. 

One new and significant area which was not 
covered by the original version of EN659 is the 
potential of contact with liquid chemicals. 
Firefighters often find themselves in situations 
where accidental contact with a liquid chemical 
occurs. As firefighters know always too well, it is 
not always possible to avoid contact with these 
hazardous chemicals. It is essential that gloves are 
constructed in such a way that they provide a pro- 
tective barrier against liquid chemicals. The EN368 



test method is used to assess the glove against a 
range of chemicals: 30% sulphuric acid, 40% 
sodium hydroxide, 36% hydrochloric acid and 
heptane have been chosen to represent the most 
common types of chemicals that are encountered. 

Taking all of the situations and hazards that 
today's firefighter will encounter, it is essential that 
hands are given the maximum amount of protec- 
tion. But it is not quite a simple as layer upon layer 
of thick, protective fabrics. A poorly designed 
glove made with inferior materials can prove to be 
so frustrating to wear that the fire-fighter is 
encouraged to remove the glove in a situation that 
requires dexterity. For obvious and chilling reasons, 


CnOMWEUL- DUAL- Hi 

ADAPTABLE PROTECTION f=OR 

Dual helmet system complies with International 
Standards - ER1 Emergency and Rescue 
and FR2 Structural Fire Fighting 

ER1 Emergency and Rescue helmet 
with adjustable headband and 
retractable goggle, suitable for 
paramedics, civil defence, RTA, 
police and rescue personnel 





Xi 


Jj 


i 




www.helmets.co.uk 


CROMWELL* 

ADVANCED DUAL HELMET TECHNOLOGY 


T SYSTEM 

: MERC5ENCY Ilfc 

NEW I 

Outer FR2 helmet shell and 
retractable face shield fits easily 
over ER1 helmet in seconds 

FR2 fire fighters helmet can be 
fitted with neck cape, integral 
communications and SCABA 
mask fixing points 


‘r 

S B 


1 1 i 


Helmet Integrated Systems Ltd. 
Commerce Road, Stranraer, 
DG9 7DX, Scotland, UK 
Tel: +44 (0) 1776 704421 
Fax: +44 (0) 1776 706342 
E-mail: sales@helmets.co.uk 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


35 



GLOVES 


HELMETS, BOOTS AND GLOVES 


this can be extremely dangerous. The design of a 
glove is of paramount importance to ensure the 
best possible combination of protection and 
dexterity. 

To ensure the highest protection, it is recom- 
mended that the outer shell of the glove is made 
from a good quality grain leather. The first line of 
defence in the fire-fighting glove is the outer shell, 
so the need for an excellent quality protective 
leather is the most important requirement. 


LEATHER TYPES 

Pig Leather - smooth and firm, recognised by 
hair holes in the skin - used for cheaper leather 
gloves 

Goat Leather - strong leather more suitable 
for basic working gloves 

Cowhide Leather - very tough, very strong 
and supple. Ideal for gloves where protection 
and dexterity are required. 


The term 'hide' describes the outer covering of 
large animals, i.e cattle, while 'skin' refers to small 
animals e.g sheep, goats and pigs. The charac- 
teristics of animal skins vary accordingly to the part 
of the world the animal lives. Generally, the 
temperate zones of the world provide the best 
environment for growth and development of live- 
stock. The less favourable the climate and the more 
primitive the animal husbandry, the poorer the 
general condition of the animals and the lower the 
potential leather-making qualities of their hides 
and skins. The leather industry in the UK follows a 
strict chain of events to produce a high-quality 
product. Once the animal has been slaughtered, 
the raw hides must be preserved to stop deterior- 
ation, especially during transportation. The hides 
are 'fleshed' to remove the fleshy tissue on the 
inside. Depending on the thickness of the hide, it 
is then split into 2, 3 or 4 individual skins. The first 
and best quality leather will be the top grain side, 
the second or third split in the hide will result in an 
absorbent suede leather, with no tensile strength, 
mainly used for cheaper styles of fire gloves. 

The next stage is adding solvents to the dye vats 
- these reduce the grease level to 5%, which is 
acceptable for dyeing. Tanning converts the raw 
skin into a stable material which will not putrefy, 
this is done with minerals such as chromium, 
aluminium and zirconium. Shaving the leather is 
done to achieve a uniform thickness for fine glove 
leather; this is usually 1.1mm to give adequate 
protection from the leather and also the highest 
dexterity when on the hand. The final wet process 
is for the hide to be dyed, this can either be surface 
dyed (the cheaper process) or complete penetration 
dyeing. Fat liquors and chemicals are also applied in 
this process to give flexibility and softness. 

There are two basic designs for a firefighters' 
glove, they can use either a Gunn-cut design or a 
fully fitted design. 

The Gunn cut design is a cheaper option, as it 
has only one leather centre piece to fit the sides of 
the two middle fingers, thus having less seams. 
However, the fully fitted cut design incorporates a 
separate piece of leather cut for each side of the 
fingers, thus using more leather and more stitched 
seams, but offering a better fit, with more dexterity. 
The actual cutting of the leather into the hand 
shapes is of vital importance. The skilled cutter must 


first ensure that the hide is free from faults and 
scars, plus they must ensure, through stretching, 
that the leather has 'run', meaning that the leather 
is not restrictive when the hand closes into a fist 
shape. However, for the length of the glove, the 
stretch in the leather must be restrictive, you do not 
want the finger lengths to grow longer and longer 
the more times they are pulled on and off the hand. 

The separate leather pieces (in some cases up to 
9), are now ready to be sewn together to form the 
outer shell. 

In a modern, protective, three-layer glove, the 
combination of the moisture barrier and the inner 
lining is very important. This barrier and lining 
supports the protection given by the leather shell 
and must be securely stitched into the tops of the 
fingers to ensure 100% lining retention. 



The range of materials available to glove makers 
has undergone a revolution in the last decade. 
While the more traditional materials, such as cotton 
or nylon and pile fabrics still have a role to play, the 
age of the performance fabric is now with us. 

Fabrics or yarns are now available which thermo- 
regulate, transport and manage moisture, stretch 
for comfort without losing shape, prevent the 
passage of blood-borne pathogens and even inhibit 
the growth of bacteria. Ideally for fire-fighting 
gloves you need a material constructed from aramid 
fibres, such as Nomex, to offer protection for the 
hand against thermal and mechanical hazards. 

Although the EN659:2003 standard still does 
not have a requirement for a waterproof 
membrane, a good quality firefighting glove will 
incorporate a membrane - particularly one that is 
resistant to blood-borne pathogen fluids. 

Gore's state-of-the-art Crosstech moisture barrier 
has been qualified under the NFPA standard 1971 
(1997 edition). Gloves incorporating the Crosstech 
moisture barrier are tested to ensure it is blood, 
body fluid and common chemical liquid pen- 
etration resistant. In addition, these gloves will 
be waterproof and provide the highest level of 
performance, durability and breathability. 

In increasingly unstable and rapidly developing 
times, the threat to today's firefighters has never 
been greater. Fire gloves are developing just as fast 
- when hands are fully protected, confidence 
grows, and if this protection can come with 
dexterity too, then the firefighter has an esse ntial 
tool in his modern-day armour. EEQ 


36 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 




444 



innovation. 


444 

g 



VFR2000 


The comfort is made of “Coolmax Dupont®” fabric 
and the internal stuffing guarantees a perfect fit of the 
helmet ensuring greater aeration and the absorption of 
blows. 


The VFR2000, certificated according 
to the EN 443 norms, conforms 
to safety requirements greater 
than those required by low. 

The protection is assured 
thanks to the materials 
employed of high quality (Kevlar 
for the outer shell, EPS for the internal shell, ABS 
for half-shell) and by constructive solutions which 
represent a very technology evolution. 


The transparent visor is certificated according to the 
EN 166 norms. 


The reflecting screen guarantees the protection of the 
user’s eyes and face from radiant heat. 


SICOR SpA 
20016 Pero Ml - Italy 
Via Pisacane, 23/A 
Tel. +39 02 3539041 
Fax +39 02 3539060 

E-Mail info@sicor-sureco.it 
www.sicor-sureco.it 



Mean features: 

• Outer shell made in composite materials/Kevlar 

• Internal shell consist in two pieces, made in EPS 

• Rapid size adjustment system from 52 to 64 

• Rapid hooking-unhooking system and swift adjustment 
•Transparent visor with reflecting screen made of fireproof 

polycarbonate 

• Extractable chin-strap 


Trend-setting in safety 

and fire protection glass 



All Gl|iss partition for frameless fire 
protection glazing! 


see CONTRAFLAM® STRUCTURE is 


a new glass product otrajup 
the ideal solution for riif&ing frameless fire regi^H^|l||Ki^ 
systems for interior application. 

The panes consist of two or more sheets of temperejfl 
monolithic safety glass and intumescent interlayers, 
which develop their insulating properties in ca^^^ 3 p| 
sgg CONTRAFLAM® STRUCTURE simplifies the installation and 
reduces the risk for breakage due to the tempered glass 
advantages: 


All glass partition with fire resistance fjuBp ai^ 
Up to and incl. 60 minutes fire resistancyj 

a ..I i I 


Optical continuous glass surfacej- «flush gla 
Extreme stabiliiy and enh^ced strength 1 
Floor to sealing ire resistamt glazing 
Both sides UV-resistant _J 


rrfTTrh 

SAINT-GOBAIN 


VETROTECH SAINT-GOBAIN 
INTERNATIONAL AG 

Stauffacherstrasse 128 

CH-3000 Bern 22 

Tel. +41 31 336 81 81 

Fax +41 31 336 81 19 

infoVSGI.vetrotech@saint-gobain.com 


www.vetrotech.com 


COATINGS 



Eradicating the 
Myths about 
water Based 
intumescents 


By John 
Swindlehurst 

International Sales 
Director, Cafco 
International 


Thin-film solvent based intumescent coatings have been used for the passive fire 
protection of structural steel since the 1970's and many millions of square 
meters of steel have been protected in this way. In contrast, water based 
intumescent coatings, first developed in the late 1980s and introduced 
commercially in the 1990s, have experienced a rapid growth in use around the 
world and thus, are now displacing solvent based products on many projects. 


T his is not surprising, since there are a number 
of major benefits that apply to all water 
based products and some that are unique to 
individual products. It is, however, important to 
note that while water based products tend to get 
labelled as one generic group, many different 
formulations exist. Each product must, therefore, 
be considered separately in terms of its technical 
ability. 

Unfortunately in some areas, particularly Asia 
and the Middle East, a number of myths and 
rumours have circulated regarding water based 
intumescents. Many have come about through 
general ignorance and misinformation, sometimes 


promoted by the manufacturers of solvent based 
products. Such myths include poor resistance to 
humidity, slow drying, a lack of film build and 
reduced long term durability. 

The fact is, that thousands of tons of steel have 
been successfully fire protected with water based 
intumescents during the past 10-15 years and 
many contractors, engineers, architects and build- 
ing owners have realised the benefits of using 
these products. 

Early water based formulations were generally 
restricted to 1 hour fire ratings and this limited 
their use. Where they were suitable, however, they 
provided a fast and cost-effective method of fire 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


39 



COATINGS 



protection. Many steel sections required less than 
0.5 mm dry film thickness and this could be 
applied in a single spray application. This enabled 
the applicator to complete the work in a very short 
period, thus reducing the overall construction 
program. 

In the late 1990s water based technology 
improved and products became available that 
were able to achieve 2 hour fire ratings and even 
some, limited, 3 hour options. 

Safer to use 

Clearly two of the main benefits of water based 
products are safety during application and the fact 
that they are more environmentally friendly. Water 
based products contain no hydrocarbon solvents 
and can therefore be used safely alongside other 
trades and workmen. There is no possibility of 


solvent build up in confined spaces, no require- 
ment for special flammable storage areas, which is 
especially important at the present time. 

Faster drying times 

In high ambient temperatures experienced in Asia 
and the Middle East, water based products will dry 
much faster than solvent based products. They dry 
by rapid evaporation of water from within the 
total coating layer and therefore achieve 'through 
drying' much faster without the formation of a 
surface skin. 

Solvent based products, on the other hand, 
tend to surface-dry very quickly. Unfortunately, 
this process forms a hard surface skin which 
then slows down the escape of solvent from the 
rest of the coating layer. This causes the coating 
to remain soft for a much longer period, thus 



40 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 




ERADICATING THE MYTHS ABOUT WATER BASED INTUMESCENTS 


COATINGS 



increasing the risk of incidental damage, as well as 
extending the over-coating interval. The problem is 
compounded as higher coating thicknesses are 
applied. 

Higher build capability 

It is also possible to apply water based intumes- 
cents at high film thicknesses in one application. 
Because they do not skin over when drying, the 
high wet film thickness does not impede the 
through drying of the film. Since much higher 
thicknesses can be applied for each coat, the over- 
all number of coats can be reduced, thus saving 
construction time. 

Reduced overcoating intervals 

As water based intumescents dry faster, over- 
coating times can be reduced both for second coats 
and for the final top-coating. This is particularly 
beneficial when multi coat systems are specified. 
As the water based coating through-dries much 
faster, there is much less chance of trapping any 
water in the film after the topcoat is applied. 

It is a common problem with solvent based 
intumescents that, if top-coated before all the 
solvent has been released from the film, bubbling 
and blistering can occur later as the solvent tries to 
evaporate through the topcoat. 

Resistance to humidity 

Despite rumours to the contrary, water based 
intumescents, can withstand high humidity levels 
during application. Obviously, direct rain or water 
immersion during application or drying will affect 
the coating, but the solvent based intumescents 
are affected in the same way if they are not fully 
dry. Water based intumescents already contain 
water and as such, they are more compatible with 
humidity in the atmosphere. 

Water based intumescents will also tolerate a 


small amount of moisture on the substrate as this 
is absorbed into the coating and then evaporates 
during the normal drying process. With solvent 
based intumescents it is essential that they are 
applied to a dry substrate during application. If 
any moisture is present on the steel, it will form an 
incompatible layer between the substrate and the 
coating leading to loss of adhesion. 

Good weathei^ability 

Once applied and top-coated with an approved 
finish, water based intumescents are able to 
provide good long term durability. 

Although generally intended for interior use, 
water based intumescents have to be capable of 
withstanding all the environmental conditions 
encountered during the construction phase of a 
project. Experience has shown that products can 
be applied at an early stage of construction, with- 
out affecting the long term durability of the 
coating system. This practical experience is backed 
up by laboratory testing to international standards 
in both the USA and Singapore. 

In Singapore, the BS 8202 test program 
includes exposure to a number of different envi- 
ronments and conditions including humidity, 
washing, sulphur dioxide, heat and natural expo- 
sure. After exposure to the above conditions, each 
section is fire tested to ensure it can still provide 
the expected performance. 

It can be seen from the above that water based 
products can offer a number of tangible benefits 
over solvent based products, especially in hot 
climates. As with any specialist material, however, 
it is important that the products are applied in 
accordance with the specifications and application 
instructions provided by the manufacturer. Experi- 
enced and recognised applicators should always 
be used as they have the knowledge and tech nical 
ability to ensure a successful project. EQ3 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


41 



COATINGS 



protection. Many steel sections required less than 
0.5 mm dry film thickness and this could be 
applied in a single spray application. This enabled 
the applicator to complete the work in a very short 
period, thus reducing the overall construction 
program. 

In the late 1990s water based technology 
improved and products became available that 
were able to achieve 2 hour fire ratings and even 
some, limited, 3 hour options. 

Safer to use 

Clearly two of the main benefits of water based 
products are safety during application and the fact 
that they are more environmentally friendly. Water 
based products contain no hydrocarbon solvents 
and can therefore be used safely alongside other 
trades and workmen. There is no possibility of 


solvent build up in confined spaces, no require- 
ment for special flammable storage areas, which is 
especially important at the present time. 

Faster drying times 

In high ambient temperatures experienced in Asia 
and the Middle East, water based products will dry 
much faster than solvent based products. They dry 
by rapid evaporation of water from within the 
total coating layer and therefore achieve 'through 
drying' much faster without the formation of a 
surface skin. 

Solvent based products, on the other hand, 
tend to surface-dry very quickly. Unfortunately, 
this process forms a hard surface skin which 
then slows down the escape of solvent from the 
rest of the coating layer. This causes the coating 
to remain soft for a much longer period, thus 



40 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 




ERADICATING THE MYTHS ABOUT WATER BASED INTUMESCENTS 


COATINGS 



increasing the risk of incidental damage, as well as 
extending the over-coating interval. The problem is 
compounded as higher coating thicknesses are 
applied. 

Higher build capability 

It is also possible to apply water based intumes- 
cents at high film thicknesses in one application. 
Because they do not skin over when drying, the 
high wet film thickness does not impede the 
through drying of the film. Since much higher 
thicknesses can be applied for each coat, the over- 
all number of coats can be reduced, thus saving 
construction time. 

Reduced overcoating intervals 

As water based intumescents dry faster, over- 
coating times can be reduced both for second coats 
and for the final top-coating. This is particularly 
beneficial when multi coat systems are specified. 
As the water based coating through-dries much 
faster, there is much less chance of trapping any 
water in the film after the topcoat is applied. 

It is a common problem with solvent based 
intumescents that, if top-coated before all the 
solvent has been released from the film, bubbling 
and blistering can occur later as the solvent tries to 
evaporate through the topcoat. 

Resistance to humidity 

Despite rumours to the contrary, water based 
intumescents, can withstand high humidity levels 
during application. Obviously, direct rain or water 
immersion during application or drying will affect 
the coating, but the solvent based intumescents 
are affected in the same way if they are not fully 
dry. Water based intumescents already contain 
water and as such, they are more compatible with 
humidity in the atmosphere. 

Water based intumescents will also tolerate a 


small amount of moisture on the substrate as this 
is absorbed into the coating and then evaporates 
during the normal drying process. With solvent 
based intumescents it is essential that they are 
applied to a dry substrate during application. If 
any moisture is present on the steel, it will form an 
incompatible layer between the substrate and the 
coating leading to loss of adhesion. 

Good weathei^ability 

Once applied and top-coated with an approved 
finish, water based intumescents are able to 
provide good long term durability. 

Although generally intended for interior use, 
water based intumescents have to be capable of 
withstanding all the environmental conditions 
encountered during the construction phase of a 
project. Experience has shown that products can 
be applied at an early stage of construction, with- 
out affecting the long term durability of the 
coating system. This practical experience is backed 
up by laboratory testing to international standards 
in both the USA and Singapore. 

In Singapore, the BS 8202 test program 
includes exposure to a number of different envi- 
ronments and conditions including humidity, 
washing, sulphur dioxide, heat and natural expo- 
sure. After exposure to the above conditions, each 
section is fire tested to ensure it can still provide 
the expected performance. 

It can be seen from the above that water based 
products can offer a number of tangible benefits 
over solvent based products, especially in hot 
climates. As with any specialist material, however, 
it is important that the products are applied in 
accordance with the specifications and application 
instructions provided by the manufacturer. Experi- 
enced and recognised applicators should always 
be used as they have the knowledge and tech nical 
ability to ensure a successful project. EQ3 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


41 




Thame Park Road 
Thame 
Oxfordshire 
0X9 3RT. UK 

Tel: +44 (0) 1844 265003 
Fax: +44 (0) 1844 265156 
Email: info@kfp.co.uk. 
Web: www.kfp.co.uk 


MRUS 


FM-200® 


Argonite 


3M™ Novec™ 1230 
Fire Protection Fluid 


Water Mist 


With a bewildering array of fire 
suppression products available today, 
it's hard to know which one to use for 
your specific application. 

Kidde Fire Protection's total capability 
in fire suppression offers unbiased 
guidance, enabling you to select the 
right fire suppression product. 

For further information on how Kidde 
Fire Protection can help you choose, 
call us today. 


3M and Novec are trademarks of 3M Company. 

FM-200®is a trademark of Great Lakes Chemical Corporation. 




CLEAN AGENTS 



hfc Clean Agent 
Fire Protection 
in Health care 
Facilities 


By Ken V. Blanchard 

Global segment 
manager, DuPont Fire 
Extinguishants 


In hospitals, clinics, infirmaries, hospices and doctors' offices around the world, 
health care administrators are responsible for protecting patients and providing a 
safe environment for their recuperation. In the event of a disaster, such as a fire, 
personal safety of patients and staff is at serious risk. Fire in health care facilities 
also jeopardizes high-value medical equipment that is essential to patient 
diagnosis and treatment. 


A dditionally, longer-term continuity of care is 
threatened when equipment is damaged or 
data is inaccessible, resulting in potential 
losses and liabilities that can extend well beyond 
the occurrence of a fire. The National Fire Protec- 
tion Agency (NFPA) reports that during 1999- 
2002, an estimated average of 3,150 structure 
fires in health care facilities, excluding nursing 
homes, occurred each year. Seventy-four percent 
of the fires in this group were in hospitals or 
hospices, 1 suggesting that health care facilities 
face a significant threat from fire and subsequent 
damage. 

This article will outline the key fire safety con- 
cerns, such as patient safety and potential damage 


to sensitive medical equipment, that are important 
for health care administrators to consider when 
evaluating fire extinguishing solutions. It will also 
demonstrate how hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) clean 
agent fire extinguishants can address those con- 
cerns. Finally, it will describe how two health care 
facilities are using HFC clean agent fire extinguis- 
hants to protect staff, patients and the equipment 
that helps provide essential medical care. 

Fire Safety Challenges 

Health care administrators face several unique 
challenges related to protecting staff, patients and 
life-saving equipment from fire. Therefore, it is 
important to keep in mind a number of key issues 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


43 




CLEAN AGENTS 



when selecting the appropriate fire extinguishant. 
For example, additional damage beyond heat and 
smoke may result from using certain extinguis- 
hants but can me minimized or avoided by using 
other extinguishants. 

The most critical challenge in health care facili- 
ties is protecting the building occupants - staff 
and patients. Many patients are non-ambulatory 
and, due to specific medical conditions, may be 
unable to evacuate without assistance. In other 
cases, patients may require machines to assist with 
their breathing or monitor their heart rates, mak- 
ing them more difficult to mobilize in an emer- 
gency. Further, the integrity of this life-saving 
equipment cannot be compromised under any 
circumstances. Health care administrators need 
to give careful consideration to following best 


bustion process through heat absorption and 
chemical interaction, thereby extinguishing fires 
quickly and mitigating potential effects of smoke 
and fire. As a result, they facilitate evacuation 
away from the area of the fire and lessen the 
longer-term effects of business loss and downtime 
in health care facilities. 

Another challenge for health care administra- 
tors is the need to protect sensitive and high-value 
medical equipment. As stated earlier, according to 
the NFPA, during 1999-2002, an estimated 3,150 
structure fires in health care facilities resulted in 
$21.3 million in direct property damage. 2 Much of 
that cost likely stems from having to replace high- 
value diagnostic technology, such as CAT and PET 
scanners, X-ray machines and other specialized 
equipment located in emergency rooms, magnetic 
resonance imaging (MRI) labs and radiology 
departments. 

Critical medical and patient records, which are 
often stored electronically, must also be preserved 
in the event of a fire. While heat and smoke are 
the probable cause of most fire damage, certain 
fire extinguishants can be just as destructive. For 
example, water used as a fire suppressant can 
cause electrical equipment to short out and rust. 
Dry chemical extinguishing agents leave a fine 
powdery residue that can corrode wiring, damag- 
ing equipment and increasing cleanup costs. 
Repairing or replacing damaged equipment is 
expensive and may require significant downtime, 
which is also costly. In a 500-bed hospital, techno- 
logical downtime is estimated at $264 for each 
minute lost. 3 

Electrically non-conductive and non-corrosive 
fire extinguishants, such as HFC clean agents, have 
become a best practice to minimize equipment 
damage in health care and other high-tech facili- 
ties. HFCs also do not leave fine powder residue 
behind, which helps to decrease expenses related 
to post-fire cleanup. Therefore, HFCs have become 
a preferred extinguishing option in hospitals and 


The presence of combustible material, such as oxygen or alcohol, 
in medical facilities is another key consideration when 
evaluating fire extinguishing agents. These substances can add 
to the fuel load of a health care facility, spreading flames or 

causing explosions. 


practices, versus minimum standards, to adequately 
protect sensitive populations and vital equipment 
in the event of a fire. 

Water, the most commonly-used fire suppres- 
sant, can cause a range of problems for a health 
care facility. Specifically, it is electrically conductive 
and has the potential to cause electrocution to 
those near electrical equipment. Water damage 
and the potential for mold are other undesirable 
after-effects of water fire suppressants. 

HFC clean agent fire extinguishants have 
become a preferred method of protection in 
recent years, as they are extremely effective and 
safe for use in areas where people are present. 
They are also non-conductive, minimizing the risk 
of electric shock. HFC clean agent fire extinguis- 
hants work at a molecular level to cease the com- 


other health care facilities where electrical equip- 
ment is present. 

The presence of combustible material, such as 
oxygen or alcohol, in medical facilities is another 
key consideration when evaluating fire extinguish- 
ing agents. These substances can add to the fuel 
load of a health care facility, spreading flames or 
causing explosions. As discussed above, HFC clean 
agent fire extinguishants are effective because 
they cease the combustion process by absorbing 
heat and prompting chemical interactions at a 
molecular level to extinguish fires quickly and mini- 
mize potential damage. 

Finally, when health care facilities are looking 
for more sustainable fire protection, HFC clean 
agents provide a suitable option. Unlike halons, 
HFCs have zero ozone-depletion potential (ODP) 


44 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 





CLEAN AGENTS 


HFC CLEAN AGENT FIRE PROTECTION IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES 


and are not subject to phase-out requirements dic- 
tated by the Montreal Protocol. Additionally, they 
can be used to replace halons in existing systems 
with minimal modifications. 

Protecting people and the medical equipment 
that saves lives is a priority at health care facilities, 
and many facility managers are increasingly relying 
on HFC clean agent fire extinguishants as a best 
practice in safety. 

HFC Clean Agent Fire Protection in 
Action 

The case studies below demonstrate how HFC 
clean agents are protecting two health care facili- 
ties from fire. 

Banner Good Samaritan Health Care 
Banner Good Samaritan Health Care, based in 
Phoenix, Ariz., experienced a fire in its electrical 
room, which supplies all of the cooling for the 
facility's campus. Since the fire occurred during 
July, one of the hottest months in Arizona, a loss 
of cooling capabilities could have been disastrous, 
but DuPont clean agent fire extinguishants helped 
to minimize the damage. Banner installed 
DuPont™ FE-36™, which the fire department 
used instead of water. Using water in the electrical 
room would have created shorts in the wiring and 
could have resulted in electrocution to people in 
the area. As a result, they were able to extinguish 
the fire safely and effectively. Although Banner 
had to replace some equipment, their use of 
DuPont™ FE-36™ saved the facility thousands of 
dollars in damage. 

Following the fire in the electrical room, Banner 
recommended that its more than 25 hospitals and 
long-term care facilities throughout Arizona switch 
to DuPont™ FE-36™ as a safer fire protection 
option, specifically for specialized diagnostic and 
treatment areas, such as MRI labs. Strong magnet- 
ic fields in MRI labs limit the type of fire protection 
system that can be used. Banner selected 
DuPont™ FE-36™, stored in the Ansul® Clean- 
Guard® FE-36™ nonmagnetic container, to pro- 
tect its patients and high-value imaging 
technologies in the event of a fire. As a result, 
Banner patients and visitors have peace of mind, 
and staff can focus on providing the best possible 
medical care. 

Hammersmith Hospital 

Similar to many other medical facilities around the 
world, Hammersmith Hospital in London has a 
busy radiology room for MRI and X-ray procedures 
and a corresponding data control room with sensi- 
tive electrical systems. The medical equipment 
housed inside these rooms was protected with a 
halon fire suppression system; however, as a result 
of the mandatory halon phase-out in Europe, the 
hospital's administrator needed to find an alterna- 
tive fire protection solution that was just as effec- 
tive as halon. This need, coupled with the 
responsibility of protecting patients and expensive 
medical equipment, influenced the Hammersmith 
staff to install a Fike ECARO-25™ clean agent fire 
protection system with DuPont™ FE-25™ clean 
agent fire extinguishant. 

Fike and Hammersmith's business partner, 
Combined Protection Systems, were able to suc- 
cessfully retrofit the hospital's radiology and data 
control room with the Fike ECARO-25™ clean 



agent fire protection system because DuPont™ 
FE-25™ clean agent fire extinguishant easily 
replaces Halon 1301 in existing systems with 
minimal system modifications. Consequently, the 
radiation and data control room experienced 
little downtime during the Fike ECARO-25™ 
installation, which resulted in cost savings com- 
pared to other systems. These were key success 
factors of the halon replacement at Hammersmith 
Hospital. 

Conclusion 

When it comes to protecting health care facilities 
from fire, there are many different extinguishing 
options from which to choose. Therefore, it is 
important to understand which agents will best 
address the unique fire challenges that hospitals, 
hospices and other medical facilities face, such as 
protecting sensitive human populations and mini- 
mizing damage to high-value medical equipment. 
HFC clean agent fire extinguishants are an effec- 
tive solution because they have low toxicity. 
Because they are non-ozone depleting, they are 
safer for the environment than halon products. 
They also are electrically non-conductive, and they 
leave no corrosive residues that may foul life-sav- 
ing medical equipment. Thus, HFC clean agents 
have become a preferred extinguishant option 
among many health care facilities due to their abil- 
ity to protect what matters most - people and 
assets, as well as the environment. LU 

References 

1. National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) U.S. Fires in 
Selected Occupancies, 3/06, "Healthcare facilities, 
excluding nursing homes." 

2. National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) U.S. Fires in 
Selected Occupancies, 3/06, "Healthcare facilities, 
excluding nursing homes." 

3. "The Toll of Downtime: A study calculates the time 
and money lost when automated systems go down," 
by Mark Anderson. April 2002. 


Ken Blanchard is the global 
segment manager for DuPont 
Fire Extinguishants. He has 
been with DuPont for more 
than four years and has more 
than 1 4 years of experience 
in the fire protection industry. 
Ken is active with Halon 
Alternatives Research 
Corporation (HARC), National 
Fire Protection Association 
(NFPA), and other 
associations, and is based in 
Wilmington, Delaware. He 
may be contacted at 
kenneth.v.blanchard@ 
usa.dupont.com 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


45 





Tel: +44 (0) 1483 769 555 www.nittan.co.uk 


When Response 
Time Matters 


The Nittan Model 2RA-P is a point type flame 
detector capable of providing a very fast response 
due to its high sensitivity. It is a sensor with state-of- 
the-art technology that drastically reduces the 
occurrence of false alarms whilst remaining highly 
sensitive. 

It detects infrared energy emitted in fire and sends a 
signal to an automatic fire alarm system or to a fire 
alarm control panel. 

It is capable of providing a supervision distance of 
17m ~ 30m and a supervision angle of 100 Q Max. 


For the detection of Infrared energy, a “pyro-electric effect” is 
used to detect the flicker frequency of the flame (1 - 10 Hz ) 
and monitor the special characteristics of CO 2 resonant 
emission from the flame (wavelength of 4.3pm), as well as a 
non-fire-alarm discrimination wavelength region (around 
4.0pm), thus, increasing the reliability of the detector with 
respect to false alarms. 

The 2RA-P declares a fire only if the following condition is 
reached: 

CO 2 Resonant Emission Signal level > Non Fire Alarm 
Signal Level. 





FIRE ALARMS 



Evolution of 
Fire Alarm 
Technology: 


By P. Ebersold 

Honeywell Notifier 


Interactive Firefighter's Display 

Envision a fire department responding to a fire alarm in the middle of the night. 
The facility is primarily occupied during the day, like an office building, shopping 
mall or industrial plant. There is no visible smoke. This building - like many 
others around the world - has no trained security force patrolling it, no bank of 
CCTV monitors being carefully watched for any sign of trouble. 


T hen an alarm from the fire control panel 
alerts the local fire department to a potential 
fire situation. This happens everyday to 
firefighters around the world. When the firefighters 
arrive and enter the building, they have many 
crucial questions: 

• Where is the emergency? 

• Is it an actual fire event and if so, where did it 
start? 

• How long has it been burning and which way is 
it spreading? 

• What's the fastest way to reach people in need 
of aid? 

• Are there any internal structural or chemical 
hazards? 


Revolutionary Firefighter Tool 

When firefighters arrive on the scene of a building 
fire emergency, they first must gather information 
to accurately assess the situation. Speed of assess- 
ment is critical. The more rapidly the origin of the 
fire and its progression is identified, the more 
effectively resources can be deployed on the fire 
scene. Increased speed and accuracy of response 
result in the potential reduction in loss of property 
and life. 

Using a new interactive wayfinding technology, 
firefighters receive answers to critical questions 
quickly and reliably. This revolutionary touch- 
screen PC for firefighters simplifies emergency 
scene assessment by pinpointing the origin and 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


47 



FIRE ALARMS 


EVOLUTION OF FIRE ALARM TECHNOLOGY: INTERACTIVE FIREFIGHTER'S DISPLAY 


Figure 1 


ACKNOWLEDGED 
FIRE ALARM 

MAIN ELEVATOR 
LOBBY 

EAST WING 
FIFTH FLOOR 
Z005 

SMOKE (PHOTO) 
9:55: 24A 

FRI SEP 06 , 2002 
L01D126 



migration of a fire. The display is installed in a 
building lobby or main entrance to a facility. This 
breakthrough technology gives first responders the 
ability to access the information they need to 
perform their jobs safely, effectively and efficiently. 
Firefighters now have an additional tool to fight a 
fire, potentially reducing property loss and improv- 
ing life safety for building occupants and the 
firefighters themselves. 

The new interactive firefighter's display is 
housed in a rugged wall mounted box to be 
installed in a building's lobby or common area. The 
display is powered by a 24 volt power supply with 
battery backup. The box is locked during normal 
conditions and unlocks automatically once the fire 
alarm system is activated. The touch screen is 
driven by the fire alarm system. Multiple displays 
can be installed in any facility. For example, in 
sprawling industrial complexes, a touch screen 
display can be positioned at every major facility 
entrance. The display units operate separately, so 
unique information can be viewed on different 
units simultaneously. 

Fire Alarm System Evolution 

Fire alarm life safety systems have been moving 
towards more intelligence for quite some time. 
The dramatic shift in demand from conventional to 
addressable systems was driven by the need to 
more accurately identify the origin of a fire alarm. 
Addressable systems have the ability to pinpoint 
the origin of an alarm, whether it is an automated 
fire detection device such as a smoke or heat 
detector or a manually operated device such as a 
pull station. Modern addressable fire systems not 
only have the ability to display a description of the 
location but also the ability to crudely communi- 
cate the spread of the fire. The new interactive 
firefighters display is the next evolutionary step in 
intelligent fire systems. 

Addressable fire alarm control panels (FACPs) 
were one of the first steps to assist in pinpointing 
the origin of a fire. With features such as custom 
labels, the FACP can display an alphanumeric 
description of the location of an activated 


detector(s). This custom label information is most 
useful to someone who is familiar with the layout 
of a building such as a facility manager or main- 
tenance personnel. Since many life safety 
emergencies can occur after normal working 
hours, building personnel may not always be on 
site to assist firefighters in locating a fire. The new 
wayfinding technology gives firefighters timely 
information on the origin and spread of a fire 
within a structure whose layout they are not likely 
to be familiar with. 

Today, current fire alarm control panels (FACPs) 
and annunciation technologies in commercial 
buildings are a primary source of alarm informa- 
tion for firefighters arriving on the scene. This is 
particularly true at night when building occupants 
are not there to report their observations. Current 
fire alarm control panels and traditional annun- 
ciators indicate only the devices that are in alarm 
(see Figure 1). This sensor/detector information is 
given in a rather austere form. Typically, the fire 
panels presents activated smoke/heat detectors as 
items in an alphanumeric list, each activated 
detector described by an alphanumeric location 
code, and an activation time. 

In order to interpret the data the firefighter 
must perform two tasks. First, they must translate 
the alphanumeric location code for each detector 
in the series to a location in the building. Second, 
in order to understand the time sequence in which 
the detectors were activated and hence, assess the 
speed of fire propagation, they must read through 
the times in the alphanumeric detector list and 
create a mental timeline. To understand both 
the speed and direction of fire propagation, the 
firefighter must do both of these simultaneously. 
In contrast, the firefighter display saves crucial 
assessment time by providing a spatial, graphical 
depiction of the location of activated detectors in 
the building and a graphical visualization of the 
time sequence of detector activations. 

But with this new wayfinding technology, 
firefighters are no longer limited to fire alarm 
information only. Now they have the power to see 
virtually everything within the building that can 


48 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 





ONYX FirstVision™ is a revolutionary 
wayfinding touch screen for firefighters 
only from NOTIFIER. 

With ONYX FirstVision firefighters can pinpoint 
the origin and migration of a fire right from 
the building's lobby. 

By displaying active smoke detectors, haz- 
ardous materials locations, and other infor- 
mation overlaid on the building's floor plan, 
ONYX FirstVision gives firefighters an accu- 
rate, real-time view of the situation. 

Using ONYX FirstVision, firefighters and emer- 
gency responders can make fast, effective 
and well-informed decisions that can reduce 
property loss and save lives. Take your fire 
alarm system to the next level. 

ONYX FirstVision is the latest breakthrough 
from NOTIFIER. Leaders in Life. Safety. 
Technology. 


(^) NOTIFIER* 

by Honeywell 

866 - 491-5804 

www.notifier.com 



How warm air can prevent a fire. 

The SecuriSens® ADW linear heat detector 


SECURITON 

For your safety 


Securiton AG, Alarm and Security Systems 
www.securiton.eu, info@securiton.eu 


Securiton Representative Office Malaysia 
www.securiton.eu, asia@securiton.com. my 

A company of the Swiss Securitas Group 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


49 






FIRE ALARMS 


EVOLUTION OF FIRE ALARM TECHNOLOGY: INTERACTIVE FIREFIGHTER'S DISPLAY 


Facility Type 

Why Use Wayfinding Technology? 

Examples 

Medium to Larger 

Size Buildings & 
Complexes 

Fighting fires in larger facilities tends to be more 
complicated with involved building layouts. 

• large distribution centers 

• assembly plants 

High Value Buildings 

Buildings occupied by a large number of people or 
contain extremely valuable property need fire response 
personnel immediately directed to the event location. 

• hospitals 

• museums and galleries 

• high rise office or 
residential properties 

• sports arenas 

• concert halls 

High Risk Buildings 

When buildings have high risk and/or hazardous 
materials, wayfinding technology clearly shows the 
location of these materials on the building layout. By 
selecting the FlazMat icon, the first responder can learn 
important details about the material and appropriate 
fire suppression technique. 

• petrochemical plants 

• munitions manufacturing 

• data storage 

• archival storage facilities 

• laboratory facilities 
(commercial, education, 
forensic) 

High Visibility 

Businesses that can gain increased security by 
including wayfinding technology in the fire and life 
safety system. 

• luxury hospitality 

• high rise condominiums 

• shopping malls 

• premium office space 


help or hinder their response. In addition to these 
two major features, the display also support 
firefighter situation assessment by providing easy 
access to graphical, spatial information on the 
location of water supplies, evacuation routes, 
access routes and points, fire barriers, gas, power, 
and HVAC shutoffs, and chemical and structural 
hazards present in the building. 

Designed by Firefighters, For 
Firefighters 

When a firefighter arrives on the scene, the time 
required for scene size-up must be minimized 
while the amount of information gathered must 
be maximized. As a result of thorough research 
and extensive interviews with senior level pro- 
fessional firefighters, the new interactive display 
was developed to provide critical answers in 30-60 
seconds. The display is so intuitive to use that no 
special training is required. Firefighters can quickly 
obtain crucial information about a building emer- 
gency that is easy to interpret with a spatial, 
graphical depiction of the location and sequence 
of detector activation. 

When a firefighter first approaches the display, 
the default screen graphically identifies where 
active detectors are located in a structure overlaid 
on the building floor plan. The active detector 
icons flash in sequence of activation to clearly 
indicate fire origin and the direction which it is 
spreading. By selecting the active detector icon, 
the firefighter learns the device details and how 
long it has been active. On the first screen the 
responder has an overview of the entire building, 
viewing crucial data such as the number and 
location of all entrances and exits, offices/rooms 
and wall locations. Any hazardous materials in the 
facility are also immediately apparent with HazMat 
icons overlaid on the floor plan. 

Firefighters have a choice of which information 
to access, based on what type of emergency is 
occurring and what their experience tells them 
they need to know quickly. The large display and 
clearly labeled icons makes it easy for fire fighters 


to touch the screen and gather critical event 
information even while wearing thick gloves. 
Each screen gives maximum information with 
minimal navigation. In fact the user is never more 
than one screen away from the information they 
need. 

And finally, all the icons used are industry 
standard and instantly recognizable to virtually all 
first response personnel. If the building is part of a 
new development, or if the first responder is not 
completely familiar with the area in which the 
building is located, he or she can access a site plan 
that shows the building's geographical location 
and position in relation to surrounding streets, 
landmarks, or other buildings. And first responders 
no longer need to search for emergency contact 
names or other important phone numbers. All this 
information is displayed on the contact list, which 
is clearly marked on the interactive touch-screen. 

Applications/ Typical Installations 

Because the interactive display is designed to 
speed up and clarify the decision making process 
for firefighters, the more complex the decision 
making process, the more valuable the system. 
Therefore, the system is most important to larger 
buildings and larger complexes/campuses. 

One of the first installations of this new 
technology is in a science building of a university 
in the United States. The complex layout of the 
laboratory facility and the numerous hazardous 
materials used and stored in the laboratories make 
the interactive display valuable. Some other key 
applications are outlined in Figure 2. 

Conclusion 

The new firefighter's interactive display takes the 
information available to responding fire companies 
to the next level and increases the value of the fire 
alarm system in planning an attack on a fire. 
Ultimately, this new wayfinding technology assists 
firefighters in what they do best: evacuate the 
building, locate the seat of the fire and extinguish 
it to stop further property loss. EDQ 


50 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



FIRETRACE 

^JTQUftnc Ptm. suppress; gig S*— 

MSm-INTMIOMOKM^^ ^ 

r>* . *4 .NVli t TU** . 




FIRETR 

AUTOMATIC FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS 


www.flretrace.com 

www.firetrace.eu 


® ® <3> CF 

IISTFn IISTFIl *»«*ovtD ^ ^ 


LISTED LISTED AP ^ OVTD 

Listings and Approvals vary by system and agent 


You Require Reliability 
in Yqur Fire Supressidn 


FlRETRACE IS 

/ the DNLY Tubing 
System that 
I can Deliver 


Call +1 480.607.1218 or e-mail info@firetrace.com to see 
why Firetrace is the right solution for your fire protection needs. 


Firetrace offers the ONLY extensively tested systems 
with listings and approvals* from CE, FM, UL.ULC 
and more than 25 other international agencies. 


Do not compromise your reputation by using 
impostor systems. Firetrace is the world leader in 
linear pneumatic fire suppression, protecting 
50,000 vehicles, enclosures and machines 
over the past 20 years. / 


p ''"j Insist on genuine Firetrace systems 
f | ' for proven fire suppression. 


AERIAL LADDER VEHICLE ROUND UP 


Bronto Sky lift Oy Ab 


The official name 
of the customer: 
Shanghai Fire 
Bureau 


This is a standard type of the Bronto 
F90HLA model with the rescue height of 
90 meters and the max. horizontal out- 
reach 29,5 meters. The max rescue cage 
load is 400 kg. The unit has a corrosion 
resistant integrated waterway and it's 
equipped with a Rosenbauer R600 pump 
and an Akron 3479 water monitor, so the 
extinguishing can be performed efficiently. 

BRONTO SKY LIFT'S HLA Range repre- 
sents the ultimate in high rise rescue and 
fire fighting capability. Superior vertical 
and horizontal outreach at all heights, fast 
and safe operations and the integrated 
waterway are the main advantages of the 
range. Built on a standard chassis it 
remains compact and can reach emer- 
gency sites by using ordinary roads. The 
Shanghai's F 90 HLA is mounted onto 
Scania P420LB chassis. 

The unit was delivered to Shangahi in 
November 2006. As a part of the delivery a 
thorough training course was arranged. 
During the training period a lot of fire offi- 
cials and fire fighters from other Chinese 
brigades came to look at the unit, there 
was a great interest also shown from the 
city of Shanghai. All people who went up 
with the lift to 90 meters height were 
impressed by the stable movements of the 
lift, they all pointed out that they felt very 
safe, and the movements were comfort- 
able. Of course the high outreach of the 
vehicle was very impressive, also the preci- 
sion of the movements. They also reported 
the vehicle very convenient and easy to use. 




The F 90 HLA unit is at the moment the 
highest aerial in China. Since the number 
of high rise buildings all over China - not 
only in Shanghai - is rising at amazing 
speed, there is a great interest for high 
aerials in many Chinese cities. There are 
already over 100 Bronto Skylift units in 
operation in China (the first being deliv- 


ered already over 20 years ago) and the 
number is steadily rising. 

For more information, please contact: 
Bronto Skylift Oy Ab, Teerivuorenkatu 28 
FI-33300 Tampere, Finland 
Tel: +358 3 2727216 
Website: www.bronto.fi 


Design and engineering 
benchmarks in the 
aerials field 

On September 29, 2006, the Karlsruhe- 
based, aerial ladder manufacturer Metz 
Aerials GmbH & Co. KG presented its latest 
generation of automatic, turntable lad- 
ders. Following a development period of 
just ten months, the new L32 made its 
public debut during ROSENBAUER's 140th 
anniversary celebrations. 

With this vehicle generation, Metz has 
taken a further step towards top technolo- 
gy. The new L32 stands out due to its 
futuristic design, which was created by the 
Spirit Design company, and echoes that 
used for the Panther ARFF vehicles. 

The design concept incorporates a new 
podium cover consisting of joined, extrud- 
ed aluminium sections. The equipment 
boxes are suspended below the podium 
surface using ROSENBAUER's tried and 
tested aluminium construction method. 


The available space is exploited to the best 
possible extent and for the first time 
allows the storage of the stretcher-support 
in a closed equipment compartment. 

Metz's familiar, proven horizontal and 
vertical outrigger system has also been 
employed for the new L 32. A platform is 
foreseen on the right-hand side of the 
turret, which facilitates the storage of a 
generator and other equipment. 

The newly developed main control seat 



Metz in top form - the 
new L32 


52 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



AERIAL LADDER VEHICLE ROUND UP 



has been designed for the operator in line 
with ergonomic considerations. Its special 
features consist of an extremely wide seat 
bucket with a width of 500 mm, a high 
protective bar and height-adjustable back 
and head rests. 

A swan-neck microphone with two 
loudspeakers on both sides is integrated 
into the backrest for communication 
purposes. The back- and armrests of the 
main control panel are tilted backwards by 
up to 30° using an electrical drive. This 
movement takes place in ratio to the angle 
of the ladder and guarantees a better view 
of the top of the ladder and the rescue 
cage. On request, a screw-on roof with 
additional sliding section can be added as 
weather protection and heated back and 
seat cushioning are also available. 

When the vehicle is in motion, the seat 
is protected against dirt by the tilting 
forward of the backrest. 

"Metz in top form" not applies to the 
progressive design of the new L32, but 
also its improved performance data. Here, 
an advance has been made from the pro- 
duction vehicle class to the "Formula 1 ". 

The objectives of the new development 
were increased speed of movement and 
optimised, sensitive operational comfort 
through the use of an innovative, high 
performance hydraulic system. The marked 
performance upgrade is demonstrated by 
the movement speeds attained, whereby 
an improvement of around 25% can be 
assumed. This reduces the setting times of 
the equipment in accordance with 


EN 14043 to clearly under 70 seconds, 
which represents less than half of the mini- 
mum requirement of the current standard. 
As a result, Metz Aerials has created a new 
performance class. 

As far as the controls are concerned, 
Metz Aerials has again installed the 
proven CAN bus system employed in all 
ROSENBAUER vehicles utilising this type of 
technology. 

This allows the use of uniform service 
tools and Group-wide online service from 
all ROSENBAUER companies. 

The tried and tested, multifunctional 
cage concept has been retained, with its 
four entries and diverse extras (e.g. a 
monitor, stretcher carrying and rollgliss 
self-rescue devices), as well as first class 
safety features (e.g. permanent outrigger 


monitoring and the latest surveillance and 
lighting technologies). 

As a result of its progressive design and 
employment of the latest technology, with 
the L32, Metz Aerials has established a 
milestone in the aerials sector. The first 
sales successes with Austrian voluntary fire 
brigades were already achieved during the 
development phase. 

For more information, please contact: 

Metz Aerials GmbH & Co. KG 
Carl-Metz-Strasse 9 
76185 Karlsruhe 
Germany 

Tel: +49 721 5965 0 
Fax: +49 721 5965 238 
Email: vertrieb@metz-online.de 
Website: www.metz-online.de 


Iveco Magirus Brandschutztechnik GmbH 

Turntable ladders and Telescopic Booms from IVECO MAGIRUS - two 
certain ways to successful operations 

For over 140 years the name MAGIRUS 
has been a world-wide synonym for fire 
brigade turntable ladders of the highest 
technical standard. Again and again it was 
the MAGIRUS brand that astonished the 
experts and brought groundbreaking 
turntable ladder configurations to market, 
e.g. the first ladder with low profile cab or 
the first articulated ladder. MAGIRUS also 
continuously set new rules in control tech- 
nology and electronics. 

Today MAGIRUS manufactures turntable 
ladders with 18 m up to 53 m working 
height which are consistently equipped 
with state of the art comfort and safety 
technology. Even the turntable ladder with 
53 m working height, the longest model 
currently supplied, is equipped with a per- 
manently fitted rescue cage and elevator. 

The reliability and long life of the 
MAGIRUS turntable ladders is legendary - 
there is a good reason why more than 
6,000 turntable ladders are currently in 
operation around the globe. 



ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


53 





AERIAL LADDER VEHICLE ROUND UP 


The MAGIRUS articulated ladder opens 
completely new possibilities for the opera- 
tional personnel: in the meantime 250 of 
them have been delivered worldwide. The 
advantages of the articulated arm are very 
apparent, particularly in city centre areas, - 
whether in an old-town or a modern city. 
Protruding roofs can be avoided and 
dormer windows can be reached just as log- 
gias etc. Even for under-floor operation like 
e.g. banks of rivers or from bridges, current 
operational limits are clearly exceeded. 

The latest "coup" by the development 
engineers from Ulm is the telescopic ver- 
sion of the articulated ladder with which a 
working height of 32 m is now possible. 
The articulated section is 4.7 m long; the 
depth achievable below floor level is 8.2 m. 

Complementing the turntable ladders, 
since a few years MAGIRUS offers also tele- 
scopic boom platforms. Then as now, the 
idea was not just to convert a conventional 
working platform to a fire-fighting vehicle; 
but to offer a rescue and working unit 
especially suited to the needs and opera- 
tional requirements of the fire-brigades. 
From the very beginning, factors like a high 
safety standard, operator-friendliness and 
the proved and tested quality of workman- 
ship were clear requirements on the 
MAGIRUS telescopic boom platforms series 
ALP (Aerial Ladder Platform). At present, 
vehicles are being built with working 
heights from 27 m to 54 m. 

The experience gained and the sugges- 
tions from the meanwhile 140 satisfied 
customers world wide make it clear that 
MAGIRUS telescopic boom platforms are 
convincing particularly in the operationally 
relevant details. For this reason valuable 
insights flowed into the comprehensive 
new concept, which were taken up by our 
design engineers and put into practice. 

According to the maxim "Robust like 
working equipment , safe as a rescue 
device and as intelligent as a MAGIRUS 
turntable ladder and reliable as the fire 
brigade", the MAGIRUS telescopic boom 
platform ALP 375 and ALP 325 offer a 
multitude of bonus points: 

• A large persons rescue and working 
cage for 4 people with opening suitable 
for a wheelchair, 2 multi-function 
columns - usable either as mounting 
point for stretcher holders, or for a posi- 
tive pressure ventilator, descender rope 
or illumination equipment may also be 
used - as well as separate winch, moni- 
tor with permanently routed water pip- 
ing and power supply for illumination 
and operational assignments. 

• smooth, steady control of all move- 
ments even at high operational speed 
memory control (optional) for fully auto- 
matic return to programmed positions. 

• remote diagnosis system (optional). 

• ergonomically-designed operating ele- 
ments (suitable for use with gloves), 
also on control displays on the main 
control stand (turret) and in the cage. 
Besides this configuration, the model 


series ALP 270 with 27 metres rescue 
height is available as an alternative. In 
addition to the IVECO chassis, also chassis 
of all main truck manufacturers can serve 
as basis vehicle. 

As a further supplement to the standard 
series described, Magirus offers the alter- 
native models ALP 340, ALP 420 and ALP 
540 in the Heavy Duty range. In general 
these vehicles have three- or four-axle 
chassis. Also supplementary equipment e.g. 
pumps and extinguishing agent tanks are 
very requested options for these vehicles. 

But no matter which technology you 


The new Combination Aerial Rescue Pump was 
tailor-made and jointly developed together with: 

• Strathclyde FRS 

• John Dennis Coachbuilders 

• Godiva 

The following report is taken from a presenta- 
tion by Ian Morris , Head of Technical Support 
and Logistics, Strathclyde FRS. 

In 2002 I was tasked with reviewing the per- 
formance of all "combination type" vehicles on 
the market to understand how Strathclyde FRS 
might benefit from having them in our fleet. 
Unfortunately, the budget didn't stretch to Hong 
Kong where I understand they have been using 
Combi's very successfully for several years. 

Following the review, we came to two con- 
clusions: firstly, the Combi had enormous poten- 
tial to increase cover, improve safety and reduce 
costs and secondly, we had not seen a vehicle 
that completely matched our requirements. I 
was therefore tasked with developing a specifi- 
cation for a Combi that did just that. 


decide upon - turntable ladder, articulated 
turntable ladder, or telescopic boom plat- 
form: Products from IVECO MAGIRUS are 
among the safest and most reliable on the 
market, designed and manufactured by 
experts for experts like you! 

For more information, please contact: 

Iveco Magirus Brandschutztechnik GmbH 
Graf-Arco-Str. 30, D-89079 Ulm, Germany 
Tel: +49 731 408 2566 
Fax: +49 731 408 2410 
Email: alfred.bidlingmaier@iveco.com 
Website: magirus@iveco.com 


W3 



After a lot of consultation and input from 
over the brigade and measuring a lot of our sta- 
tions, we developed the spec, (below). 


Operational/Turnout facts 

• The CARP will be the 1st pump and crewed 
by 6 at all times. 

• It will run all over the city if no other aerials 
are available. 


Vehicle 

Required 

Actual 

Maximum length 

9.5m 

9.5m 

Maximum height 

3.7m 

3.67m 

Maximum weight 

26 tonnes 

22.5 tonnes 

Must carry all the equipment (475 items) we 
currently carry on our rescue pumps, so min. 
stowage volume 

8.8m 3 -< 

9.3m 3 

Booms 

Minimum working height 

26m 

28.5m 

Minimum outreach 

14m 

16.5m 

Minimum cage load 

270kg 

280kg 

Pump Operation 

Aerial monitor 


Achieved 

Three low pressure outlets 


Achieved 

Two hose reels 


Achieved 

1,500 Ipm at 6.5 bar for three deliveries 


Achieved 

2,400 Ipm at 1 4 bar - monitor and 


Achieved 

3,000 Ipm at 7 bar and 


Achieved 

1 25 Ipm at 25 bar for each hose reel 


Achieved 


vema Lift Oy - Finland 

Combination Aerial Rescue Pump (CARP) 


54 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


AERIAL LADDER VEHICLE ROUND UP 



• A rescue pump replaces it when it is off the 
run. 

• It is exempt from stop duties i.e. we keep it 
working all the time. 

• The PDA's will not be changed to accommo- 
date the use of CARP's. 

• It will carry the same amount of water as 
our rescue pumps but will not carry bulk 
foam. 

Our statistics show that we have made more 
platform rescues using the CARP's in the first 
twelve months than we have using all of our 
other platforms combined over the last five 
years. 

This is obviously due to the CARP being on 
site first and the QIC having the option to 
deploy the platform. We have encouraged them 
to look to deploy the platform rather than 
ladders wherever possible. As you all know, we 
are not exempt from the new Working at Height 
legislation and these vehicles clearly make it 
safer for our staff to work at height. We 
have already ordered four more CARP Mark 3's 
from John Dennis Coachbuilders. These incor- 
porate improvements that we have developed 
through use in the field and feed back from the 


users which will help improve the vehicles even 
further. We are also in discussion with John 
Dennis Coachbuilders and VEMA about the 
Mark 4. 

Following the success of VEMA 282 ARP, 
new models VEMA 242 ARP and VEMA 192 
ARP are to be released to the market shortly. 


For more information, please contact: 

Verna Lift Oy 

Voivalante 30 

Fin-20780 Kaarina, Finland 

Tel: +358 10 6161 500 

Fax: +358 10 6161 501 

Website: www.vema.fi 


morita Super Gyro Ladder MLK4-30 


MORITA MLK4-30 Turn table Ladder Truck 
has been developed with advanced tech- 
nology and new design concept. The con- 
cept of this model is Compact, Speedy and 
Maneuverability. Its high operation speed 
with a heavy duty basket of 360 kgs load- 
ing capacity can realize evacuation of mul- 
tiple victims in a short time. 

It shows maximum power and perfor- 
mance in the cities with a lot of the nar- 
row streets in Asian countries. 

FEATURES 

• Heavy duty basket is an essential fea- 
ture for continuous evacuation. The 
front step can be used easily and safely 




to access to and from a building. 

• Gyro Turntable system has full automatic 
stabilizing. 

• High speed extension mechanism 
allows the rescue basket to extend up 
to 30m high within 20 seconds. 

• Operation at ladder depression up to 
-17° can be performed. This is useful 
for the rescue activities in a river or 
wharf accident. 

• Operation pedestal adopts sophisticated 
ergonomic design. 

• Compact size makes driving easier in 
urban area. 

OPTIONS 

• Removable stretcher can be attached to 
basket. 


• Trouble shooting system transfers data 
through PC. 

• PTO driven high performance mid- 
mounted pump can be installed in 
lockable storage compartment. 

• Detachable Water Turret in basket. 

• Teaching memory system allows to be 
repeated-operation easily. 

For more information, please contact: 

Morita Corporation 

3-25-31 Nishishinbashi 

Minato-Ku 

Tokyo 105-0003 

Japan 

Tel: +81 3 5777 5078 
Fax: +81 3 3435 7386 
Website: www.morita119.com 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


55 




Step Up to Electronic 
Remote-Controlled Monitors 

Protect Your Facility, Product and People. 

Designed for use by petrochemical refineries, transporters and processors, 
these fully-customizable, advanced electronic systems are safer 
and more reliable than manual monitors. 


Clients around the world have trusted Elkhart Brass for fire fighting equipment for over a century. Now Elkhart 
Brass offers you advanced - electronic -remote-controlled monitor systems for industrial fixed installations. 

You can depend on Elkhart Brass as your one source to take care of everything -from consultative design through 
manufacturing, programming, certification, commissioning, testing 
wide distributor network. 


and for after-sales support through our world- 


Wl m 




Elkhart Brass: V 

Bringing you innovative systems 
to meet your individual needs - 
on schedule and on budget. 


To upgrade to our electronic remote- 
controlled monitor systems, call us at 
1-574-295-8330 or 1-800-346-0250. 
www.elkhartbrass.com 


Elkhart Brass 

Fire Fighting Equipment 


The Most Experienced Manufacturer of Fire Fighting Equipment 

Elkhart Brass Mfg. Co., Inc. I 1-574-295-8330 I 1-800-346-0250 I www.elkhartbrass.com 



NOZZLES 



Quick Fire 
Knockdown in 
the Modern Fire 
Environment: 


Overpowering BTU's with Big Flows 


By Chris Martin 


Our communities are changing, they are growing, being redeveloped ... at a 
rapid pace. It seems as if everywhere you look, new construction is all around us. 


Regional Export Sales 
Manager, Elkhart Brass 
Mfg. Co., Inc. 

Firefighter/Engineer, 
Clay Fire Territory, 
Indiana, USA 


A s new construction flourishes, we as 
firefighters must make it our responsibility to 
look at the way this changes things for us, 
and also maybe reexamine the way we do things. 
From preplanning to inspections, to emergency 
medical services and what we pride ourselves on 
best... fire attack. Fire Attack in this modern fire 
environment poses new challenges to us. Fires are 
burning hotter and faster, leaving us to often play 
catch up upon the arrival of the first crews. It is 
imperative to deploy the right size hoseline for the 
job, in the right location. More lives are probably 
saved by properly placed lines than any other 
means for us, as firefighters on the fireground. It is 
a fact that once the fire goes out, a lot of our 


problems are solved, and things are going to get 
better. Fire advancement is obviously stopped, 
exposures are no longer at risk, and we can more 
safely do our jobs. In this modern fire environ- 
ment, the quick attack, or "blitz" attack is gaining 
more and more popularity. The advancement of a 
fire can be stopped by the use of a high flow 
handline, or particularly, a portable monitor applied 
for mere seconds. Once the fire is "darkened" 
down, handlines can be advanced to fully extin- 
guish the fire. The use of these easily deployable, 
high flow devices, such as lightweight portable 
monitors is one fire attack method that we will 
look at as we face this modern fire environment. 

Similar to any good competitor, we must know 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


57 


NOZZLES 



our opponent. In particular we are going to focus 
on "new" construction styles facing our communi- 
ties. Not too long ago, our buildings were built of 
unreinforced masonry, and heavy timber construc- 
tion. There was no such thing as a "lightweight" 
roof truss style construction, and synthetics were 
never even considered. Today, however, "light- 
weight" roof truss style construction is standard, 
metal studs are now being used instead of wood 
studs, and synthetics and plastics are preferred. As 
firefighters, this means to us a much greater 
danger on the fireground. Fires are burning much 
hotter, and because of this, flashover and rapid 
fire growth should be at the front of our minds 
every time we arrive. We all know from "Firefigher 
101" that we use water because of its excellent 
ability to absorb heat (BTU's). Well, as fires are 
burning hotter, we are naturally going to need 
more water to overcome these BTU's. The follow- 



ing indicates what we are up against: 

• 1 lbs. (0.46 kgs.) of paper when burned 

generates roughly 2,800 BTU's of heat 

• 1 lbs. (0.46 kgs.) of wood when burned 

generates roughly 8,000 BTU's of heat 

• 1 lbs. (0.46 kgs.) of Polymer Plastic when 

burned generates roughly 22,000 BTU's of heat 
From 30 years ago to today, our building materi- 
als are now primarily synthetic and plastics. These 
materials burn almost 3 times hotter than materials 
in fires we were used to, leading to rapid flame 
spread and a high heat release rate as these higher 
fuel loads are consumed. In addition, plastic when 
burned, produces 300 times more smoke per 
pound (0.46 kgs.) compared with wood. Take these 
numbers and consider that buildings are now 
equipped with better insulation, limited ventilation, 
and design features such as Thermo Pane windows; 
fighting fires becomes increasingly more dangerous 
than we may have every been used to. 

As firefighters now thrown into this modern fire 
environment, we may need to look at the way we 
are fighting fires. Is a 95gpm (3601pm) combina- 
tion fog nozzle really the right tool we need to 
knock down a fire in a new construction style 
building? As our buildings are changing so do our 
tactics. One such tactic is to stop the advancement 
of the fire rapidly through a quick, or "blitz" 
attack. We just reviewed that in new building con- 
struction, fire is going to advance hotter and 
faster, one way to stop this is to apply a large 
amount of water immediately to knock down the 
visible fire. Remember... when the fire goes out , 
everything gets better. The quicker we do this, the 
quicker things are going to get better. 

One way to achieve this quick knock down, 
fast, effectively, and with limited manpower is 
with a lightweight portable monitor. There are 
several models on the market, each with its own 
features and benefits; however the concept is 
fairly simple. A lightweight portable monitor is a 
portable monitor weighing less that 20 lbs 
(9 kgs.), with the ability to deliver around 500 gpm 
(1892 Ipm) from one 2.5" (64mm) or 3.0" (76mm) 
hoseline. Often pre-connected, one firefighter can 


58 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


NOZZLES 


QUICK FIRE KNOCKDOWN IN THE MODERN FIRE ENVIRONMENT 


easily deploy this monitor and have the ability to 
put a lot of water on the fire... fast! This attack 
must be coordinated with other crews on the fire- 
ground, when executed properly, a large amount 
of the fire will be knocked down, and things will 
begin to get better. Keep in mind, depending on 
the size and involvement of the fire, this quick 
attack will only last about 15 to 30 seconds; basi- 
cally until the visible fire is "darkened down". 

Once this occurs, it is then up to the crew to 
make entry to locate, confine, and extinguish the 
rest of fire. With the quick attack tactic, one is 
merely putting a temporary pause on the fire. It is 
still up to an aggressive crew to get inside and put 
the rest of the fire completely out. This task, how- 
ever, will be significantly easier and safer as the 
bulk of the fire has been extinguished. 

Once the quick attack has taken place, another 
great benefit of the lightweight portable monitor, 
is that it can now be used as a manifold to 
advance handlines from. Typically the more 
popular models all have a built in shutoff on the 
monitor. This now allows the firefighter to shut 
the monitor off, and attach a gated wye or 
reducer, and advance a handline directly from the 
monitor. This is an ideal setup for limited manpow- 
er crews, as a separate hose bundle can be kept, 
and used for this purpose. A "break apart" style 
nozzle combination is ideal to use in these hose 
packs. A "break apart" style nozzle refers to a 
nozzle combination consisting of a separate shut- 
off and nozzle tip. This way as the hoseline is 
advanced from the lightweight portable monitor, if 
additional hose is needed, the shutoff can be 
closed, the nozzle tip removed, and an additional 
hose bundle can be attached to the shutoff. This 
can then allow for quick advancement of additional 
hose, without having to shut down the entire 
operation. 

Utilitizing a gated wye essentially is now what 
makes this lightweight portable monitor a mani- 
fold, and an additional hose line can be attached 
by an additional crew. Keep in mind that certain 
brands come equipped with a safety shutoff off in 
which the monitor will shutoff when moved slightly. 



This feature can pose a problem when the monitor 
is being used as a manifold, as it could accidentally 
shutoff if moved while advancing hose. It may be 
necessary to secure it in the open position, with a 
piece of rope or webbing, to ensure that your 
water supply is not compromised. 

If used properly the lightweight portable 
monitor can be used as an effective and safer 
tactic as we now face the new enemy ... the 
modern fire environment. If there is no threat to 
the occupants, why compromise the lives of the 
firefighters? With a quick attack, we minimize a 
lot of dangers that new style building construction 
poses. One way to achieve this is a rapid knock- 
down with a lightweight portable monitor, and 
then a much safer aggressive interior attack using 
the monitor as your water supply. This is just one 
more tactic for us to add to our playbook, and one 
that can help to make sure that everyone goes 
home. EQ3 



ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


59 


Fire fighting helmets 
and thermal imaging 


LIMITED 


Introducing 
the brand new 


N 


Our cutting-edge technology brings you the 
smallest fire fighting thermal imaging camera 

Half the size of the original 
SoloVision and the lightest 
fire fighting TIC in the world 

The SOLOvision S2 can be used as a hands-free unit or it can be hung 
over the neck like a pair of binoculars using the neck strap. It is the 
lightest and smallest thermal imaging camera in the World. It is suitable 
for use with all known breathing apparatus and gas masks. As an all 
round camera with the capability to monitor for fire / search and rescue 
of victims, there is no better camera for the job. 


3600AS sensor giving 
sharper, cleaner image 
perception than 
competitors 

Spot temperature 
Choice of colour palettes 
Picture storage 

please call our Sales for details 

Optional end user 
telemetry available 
please call OUR Sales for details 

Fire watch / suppression 


Search and rescue 


Industrial disasters 


Weighs approx 650g 


Water proof IP67 


Vibration proof 


Withstand a flashover 
of over 1 000°C for 
10 seconds 

Identify objects through 
darkness, fog, smoke 
and blinding light 






^ • 


X % 



Our lightest and 
smallest, long 
wavelength infrared 
camera core 







don’t go it alone 

go with solo 


Agencies worldwide. For full details or to arrange a demonstration with a GB Solo 
representative contact - GB Solo Ltd. Tel: +44 (0)1609 881855 

• Fax: + 44 (0J1609 881103 • email: sales@gbsolo.co.uk • www.gbsolo.co.uk 










Virtual Training: 


The Realistic Option for Training of 
Countries 


By Jack Klusters 


Imagine! 

A train station in the town centre, the train is standing still and one of the 
wagons is leaking. What kind of liquid is leaking out of the wagon is not clear. 
Passengers at the station are in panic. You can hear the sirens from the 
firefighters coming to the accident. 


Artesis Fire Fighting 
Group 


T here has been a car accident on the highway. 
Three passenger cars, two big trucks and a 
mini van. The van is on his side. There are 
bystanders screaming for help. There are multiple 
injured victims and there is a car on fire. There are 
several people who are trying to help but the fire 
is holding them back. 

There is black smoke coming out of the window 
from a house in the middle of the street. A fire is 
burning in the kitchen. It is night, very dark and it 
is raining hard. It's not clear if the family is still in 
the house. Neighbors are standing on the street 
and trying to get into the house but there is to 
much smoke and it is to hot. On the same 
moment the window is breaking, the firefighters 
arrive on the scene. 

What do you do! How do you prepare and 
most importantly, how do you train for these 
scenarios or any other - as this specific scenario's 
or a million others can happen. 

Fortunately the victims are not real, the fire is 
not hot and the smoke is not toxic. These three 
accidents are just a small example of what is possi- 
ble with the Artesis Virtual Training Program. 


Especially in the Asian pacific region training is a 
hot topic seen that the development of the emer- 
gency organizations are growing rapidly. This 
growth raises the question countries are trained 
adequately to deal with the available equipment, 
and with all possible emergency scenario's that 
may arise. Not all countries in the Asia Pacific 
region are, but how do you train the large amount 
of people to a specific level and keep cost within 
proportion. With the development of virtual train- 
ing programs there may be a opportunity to deal 
with this. 

Virtual training programs offer advantages that 
can change the way fireman are trained and 
prepared for scenarios and the proper use of 
equipment. Virtual training can be a big step 
forward and offer countries and organizations, but 
the programs that where around so far had 
limitations making it use limited. With the new 
developments and new technologies, is virtual 
training ready for large deployment and what 
advantages and changes will it offer? This article 
describes the development and what you need to 
know about this revolution in training. 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


61 





VIRTUAL TRAINING 



What is Virtual Training? 

Training is a essential part to be adequately 
prepare for incidents with which emergency 
personnel will be confronted. A fire department 
team consists of several people with everyone a 
different function. So to make a team function 
together properly, all team members need to be 
trained separately, and as a group. Every team 
member needs to know how equipment work and 
be able to perform his individual part. All with the 
objective that ones a incident occurs the team is a 
well organized machine were everybody functions 
properly and can handle any scenario ad ade- 
quate. Basically it comes down to the fact that 
everybody is comfortable in what he is doing and 
the tools being used. 

Training is the only tool that provides that 
objective, but unfortunately to become comfort- 
able to handle equipment and all the different 
possible scenario's repetition, real live feeling and 
variation is necessary. Unfortunately something 
that physical training cannot offer, but virtual 
training can. Virtual training is nothing more than 
a digital surrounding where numerous scenarios 
and procedures can be created to train a individual 
or team to a adequate level. It is a digital represen- 
tation of the physical one, but due to the fact it is 
digital, it offers many advantages which we will 
discuss in more detail. 

Any training, including virtual, can be separated 
in a procedure or scenario based training. 

• Procedure : the correct steps in a process for 
correct operation of a tool or specific operation 
like extrication. 

• Scenario : a real life surrounding and incident to 
train a team to take correct actions during the 
whole incident. 


Why Virtual Training? 

Virtual training offers many advantages above 
other ways of training. Out of research it has been 
proven that approx 30% of training can be done 
virtual. Logically, this results in a huge saving in 
time and money. There is little to no need to setup 
trainings, which with physical training is needed. 
No need to put down all the necessary equipment, 
and no need to have the trainings objects in place, 
just to name a few. With virtual training ones the 
program is loaded it can replay itself over and over 
again. The main advantage therefore is that many 
people can be trained in a short period of time. A 
student can go on his own place and repeat a 
procedure over and over until the necessary level is 
achieved. 

So besides that 30% can be trained virtual, more 
important is that physical training is done, it is 
much more effective, as the class or student is to a 
higher level and has the basic understanding. The 
main believe why virtual training can become a suc- 
cess is that training should start at the base (see a 
procedure), where you grown your knowledge over 
time. This base can be trained virtual! It is further- 
more also a fact that lessons learned in a virtual 
training is better retained then theoretical lessons. 

Besides the possible tremendous savings that 
can be achieved, virtual training also offers the 
possibility to train and exam people to a safe level 
or standard. Also in there own level from assistant 
to commander. 

Working of a Virtual Training System 

Like mentioned before the working virtual training 
program is based on procedures and scenarios. 
Procedures for learning the correct predefined 
steps and scenario's for making correct choices in 


62 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


VIRTUAL TRAINING: THE REALISTIC OPTION FOR TRAINING OF COUNTRIES 


VIRTUAL TRAINING 



a real life surrounding. This 
approach is based on the 
Dutch guidelines of training. 

A proven method which the 
Dutch fire services use reach- 
es its high required level and 
maintains it. It is a collection 
of individual as well as group 
training, both on fireman and 
commander level. 

Procedure Training 

To teach the rescue workers 
and to let them practice the 
use of for example hydraulic 
rescue equipment, there is a 
possibility to use this virtual 
system. With this system, the 
men learn how to use the 
tools, which preparation the tools need, how to 
connect them properly and how to use them on a 
wreckage. The big advantage of this way of work- 
ing is that the procedure can be repeated till the 
rescue workers can work with it without making 
any mistakes. The Virtual System helps the rescue 
workers to be ready for work with real incidents. 
The rescue workers can practice there skills on 
realistic designed cars. 

To safe victims from a car accident, there are 
some standard procedures. For example, how to 
take a door out or do a dash roll. These pro- 
cedures are applicable for all car accidents. With 
the Virtual training these procedures can be 
practiced without the use of several car wrecks. 

These procedures come out of the guidelines 
and are build in cooperation with leading manufac- 
tures. Students therefore truly use the equipment 
that looks the same as they would in real live. 

Scenario Training 

In the virtual training world there are several dif- 
ferent scenes to make, so the men will have a new 
challenge every time they use the virtual training 
system. Men can build specific scenario's with 
existing buildings, so you can practice specific 
needs without having to go to the building itself. 
The virtual practice can be done in different levels. 
The experience most people who has worked with 
this training have is that the training is lifelike and 
they have the same tension as when they practice 
outside. 

Training Commander 

To train the commander and to practice, the 
whole team has to be on the scene, without the 
opportunity to train the team. 

This is not efficient or instructive for the team. 
With the use of the Artesis Virtual training system, 
the commander has the ability to practice his skills 
in a realistic environment without the rest of the 
team has to be present. The commander can prac- 
tice on every suitable moment and can be done as 
many times he needs the practice. 

The way the system is built it gives the com- 
mander the feeling that he is actually at the scene. 

Possibilities with Artesis Virtual - 
scenarios and procedure practices 

Artesis Virtual is the leading manufacturer when it 
comes to virtual training programs. In the last 
years they have developed a new system that uses 


cutting edge technology. Let's take a look how it 
works. 

How does the system work? 

The Artesis Virtual Computer system is a stand 
alone system and can be placed on every location. 
There has been a virtual world created in the 
system where there can be different scenario's 
build in and which can be used for training in 
groups or alone. Procedure training a student can 
so by themselves. 

The system exists from a computer and two 
screens. One screen is for the instructor and the 
other screen is for the student. The instructor has 
a keyboard and a mouse to operate the system. 
The instructor can design the scene and follow the 
student on every move. 

The student has his own screen. Every order he 
gives his team, the instructor has to make this 
changes in the scene. The operation of the system 
is very simple. 

Design your own scenarios 

The system gives you the possibility to create your 
own scenario's. You can make virtual fire's on the 
places you want them. You can create car crashes 
on very different ways. You can put tank and 
freight cars on every location you want or cars can 
be places on his side. Every existing vehicle and 
rescue device is available to use on the screen. 

instructor's screen 

The instructor can see on his own screen which 
actions his student is making and can help if the 
situation needs it. 

The scenario can be adjusted during the 
training to make the scenes more difficult or even 
easier for the student. During the training all the 
details will be saved so it all can be discussed and 
evaluated after the training and it can be 
compared with previous scenarios. 

The system is now used for the emergency 
services in The Netherlands is in Dutch language 
and typical Dutch buildings and airports are used 
for this. It is very easy to adjust this to any country 
in the world with its own language, buildings and 
airports. 

The system can be used mono or multi 
disciplinary. 

The instructors for this system will receive 
enough training to design the scenes and to help 
the students through the training. EJ33 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


63 





1. Handle design gives balance in every position 2. 360° Turning tail hoses are positioned on a angle to reduce 3. Thumb and twist control together with narrow handle diameter, 
and the ability to change positions fast weight influence and not interfere with operation asymmetrical shape and grip insert give full control 


RESQTEC Zumro Asia Sdn Bhd Subang Hi-Tech Industrial Park, E asia@resqtec.com T + 603 5621 5298 

Lot 5, Jin Delima 1/1, 40 000 Shah Alam, Malaysia W www.resqtec.com F + 603 5621 2895 



FIRE 


Optical Beam Smoke Detectors 


T. +44 (0) 845 402 4242 
F. +44 (0) 845 402 4201 
E. sales@ffeuk.com 
W. www.ffeuk.com 


Low cost protection of large areas Very low maintenance 
Quick and Easy Installation Over 600,000 installations 
Variety of models for all applications 


Hertfordshire 
SG4 0TJ 
England 


9 Hunting Gate 
Hitchin 


64 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 




LARGE-DIAMETER HOSE 


Large-diameter 
Hose Solutions for 
Emergency Water 
Management 


By Mike Willson 

Product Manager, 
Angus Fire 


The ability to deliver water supplies where and when they are needed, in 
sufficient quantities and at the right pressures is today a major operational issue 
for municipal, industrial and aviation fire and rescue services worldwide. 


M aking the most of limited water supplies in 
rural locations is often difficult for munici- 
pal fire services because of the pressure 
loss problems encountered with standard fire 
hose. New ICAO regulations mean that airport fire 
services need to make provision for additional 
water supplies for use in fire fighting following an 
aircraft accident. Industrial fire services are also 
finding that ordinary fire hose is insufficient for 
feeding the latest large-capacity foam/water 
monitors for storage tank fire fighting. 

Relay pumping outdated 

Traditional solutions have centred around using 
existing hydrant ring main systems, bulk water stor- 
age tanks and relay pumping. Unfortunately these 
all have fundamental limitations. Hydrant ring 
mains are often old, poorly maintained and can be 
ruptured in an explosion. Bulk water storage 
tankers offer limited volumes of water and require 
good road access. Relay pumping can take up valu- 
able resources in terms of manpower and vehicles 
and is only as reliable as its weakest link. In 
addition, relay pumping often generates the safety 
hazard of the "spaghetti effect" on the fire ground 
due to the many hoses needed to supply large 
volumes of water at sufficient pressure. This is 
because the pressure loss down a fire hose increases 
rapidly when the flow is taken above the normal 
acceptable limits for a standard diameter. For 
example, flowing 800 litres/minute of water down a 
64 mm hose will produce a pressure drop of 5.6 bar 
over 200 metres. Imagine trying to move 20,000 
litres/minute of water 1000 metres down 64 mm 
hoses. It is a logistical nightmare! Fortunately, the 
spaghetti effect can now be a thing of the past with 
modern Large-Diameter Hose (LDH), sometimes 
called Hi-Volume systems or Hi-Vol for short. 

LDH is the answer 

The good news is that by increasing the hose 
diameter, the pressure loss can be greatly reduced. 
A 1 % increase in hose diameter results in a 
massive 5% drop in pressure loss. In practical 
terms, this means, for example, that a 125 mm 
diameter LDH can move the same amount of 
water, the same distance, with the same pressure 
loss as eight parallel 64 mm lines! 

In order to exploit the pressure improvement 


benefits of increasing the hose diameter, hose 
manufacturers offer a range of LDH 4 inch (102 
mm), 5 inch (125 mm) and 6 inch (152 mm) 
diameter hoses, as well as extra Large Diameter 
Hoses (XLDH) in 8 to 12 inch (200 to 305 mm) 
diameters. These products solve the pressure loss 
problems at a stroke, but they need to be handled 
properly. 

Nylon construction 

LDH hose is no different to other layflat hoses in 
that they are available in a range of qualities from 
several manufacturers. However, the larger the 
diameter the more critical the hose construction 
becomes as there are larger volumes, weights and 
pressures on the fabric of the hose. 

LDH should be made from 
specially formulated rubber 
blends designed to resist 
abrasion, heat, chemicals and 
oil during operational use; and 
UV, ozone and weathering 
during storage. 

Polyester yarns are sometimes used, but these 
are more likely to result in kinking as they do not 
stretch under pressure. They are also unable to 
maximise the pressure savings down long lengths 
of LDH as they cannot swell. Swell is a special 
characteristic only found in Duraline type hoses 
with an all nylon jacket. Nylon is special in that it 
can be stretched slightly in use without breaking. 
This allows the best LDHs to minimise kinking, 
even at low operating pressures and also achieve 
swell, which allows the hose to stretch slightly and 
pass more water with lower pressure losses than 
polyester yarn hoses. 

LDH should be made from specially formulated 
rubber blends designed to resist abrasion, heat, 
chemicals and oil during operational use; and UV, 
ozone and weathering during storage. This special 
rubber is extruded through the nylon textile jacket 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


65 


LARGE-DIAMETER HOSE 


Pic courtesy of Angus 
Fire 



to make a very durable long-lasting LDH. Such 
hoses are generally used with Storz couplings, 
now the established standard coupling for LDH. 

Manual handling superseded 

In many cases LDH has been handled manually, 
but with current Manual Handling Regulations in 
Europe long lengths can put fire fighters at risk of 
injury due to the heavy weights involved. New 
cost-effective deployment and retrieval solutions 
are now available that take the physical effort out 


of LDH to reach less acces- 
sible areas and feed opera- 
tional personnel with reliable 
water flow and pressure 
requirements. 

Planning hose configura- 
tions is carried out using a 
HoseCalc software program. 
Simply enter a hose configu- 
ration and HoseCalc carries 
out the pressure loss calcu- 
lations to give an outlet 
pressure. 

To store, deploy and 
retrieve over 1 km of 1 50 mm 
hose sounds like a major sys- 
tem design exercise, but with 
these reliable modern deploy- 
ment and retrieval systems it 
is quick and easy to complete 
the task. There are now suffi- 
cient sites around the world 
protected with LDH that the 
groundbreaking engineering 
work needed to produce a 
total solution to overcome 
the difficulties has been 
achieved and FETCH is largely 
responsible for this significant 
advance. Anything up to 
about 4 km of LDH is normally 
stored flaked in a truck or 
demountable storage pod 
system. Most pod systems 
have a central walkway for 
ease of access. The hose is 
layed out at high speed 
simply by opening the rear 
doors of the pods, pulling out 
the first hose coupling manu- 
ally, and then driving the 
vehicle forward. The hose cascades down on to 
the ground and is fully deployed in a matter of 
minutes. 

After an incident the FETCH automatic recovery 
system enables the hose to be picked up from the 
ground while the vehicle is driven slowly forward 
alongside it. It brings the Hi-Vol back into the 
storage pods with the minimum of physical effort, 
avoiding fatigue and injuries during emergencies 
and training exercises. For the first time swift 
deployment and rapid retrieval are achieved with 


After an incident the fetch automatic recovery system enables the 
hose to be picked up from the ground while the vehicle is driven 
slowly forward alongside it. It brings the Hi-Vol back into the 
storage pods with the minimum of physical effort, avoiding fatigue 
and injuries during emergencies and training exercises. 


of using LDH, with a resulting dramatic increase in 
its popularity and usage. Leading municipal, 
industrial and aviation fire and rescue services now 
use LDH as a standard tool in their armoury. It can 
be deployed quickly at an incident and quickly 
retrieved using Fast Efficient Techniques for 
Collecting Hi-Vol (FETCH) hose systems. Fire fighters 
can now easily lay out a temporary ring main 


the minimum of effort. Off-road versions are also 
available. 

Custom engineered 

FETCH systems are supplied as assembled skids 
enabling fire services to custom engineer them 
into their own vehicle preferences and budgets. 
Vehicle layouts may be sub-contracted to a third 


66 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



LARGE-DIAMETER HOSE SOLUTIONS FOR EMERGENCY WATER MANAGEMENT 


LARGE-DIAMETER HOSE 


party, built on a modified chassis by fire services 
engineers or designed and built by a vehicle 
manufacturer. 

FETCH enables fire and rescue services to 
operate well within the Manual Handling Regu- 
lations. Gone are the days when fire crews would 
be expected to lift coils of hose that can weigh 
more than 50 kg each. With FETCH it can be done 
much more quickly and with less manpower. 

Mounted on the front offside corner of the 
WSU, the compact FETCH system comprises a 
simple but cleverly designed twin-roller friction 
system. One of the large-diameter rollers is 
rubber-coated and the other drives a high grip 
conveyor belt. Drive to the rollers is provided by a 
geared chain, which in turn is driven by a diesel- 
driven hydraulic power unit fitted to the vehicle 
chassis. 

Most fire and rescue services 
want a simple design with as 
little as possible that can go 
wrong in an emergency. 

The unit allows couplings to pass through it 
without the need for any complicated electronic 
sensors. Most fire and rescue services want a 
simple design with as little as possible that can go 
wrong in an emergency, and if anything does go 
wrong they want to be able to repair it quickly in 
the field. FETCH has achieved this by leaving 
unnecessary complications out of the design that 
would only have made the unit less reliable and 
affordable. 

A vehicle fitted with FETCH is capable of 
recovering 1 km of hose in about half an hour 
with minimal manpower. Water drains from the 
hose enabling it to be stored flat in the containers. 
It can also feature a special electric start diesel 
power pack fitted with engine over-speed 
shutdown system and spark arrestor exhaust 
that allows a vehicle to be operated in hazardous 
areas. 

Quality LDH essential 

These water management solutions are designed 
for emergencies, which it is hoped will never 
happen. This means the hose is likely to spend the 
majority of its life in storage, probably in a flaked 
condition. This puts the hose under a great deal of 
stress, particularly along the fold. Therefore, in 
exactly the same way as it is critical to choose a 
well designed and manufactured fire hose for 
first-attack fire fighting, LDH and XLDH products 
must be chosen with care. For LDH hose BS6391 
Type 3 is the international standard to choose for 
your assessment criteria. Buying the cheapest hose 
on the market can mean that three years down 
the track, when maybe it is first used in an emer- 
gency, it could let you down badly and potentially 
put fire fighters' lives at risk. By seeking out a 
manufacturer with a proven track-record of sup- 
plying LDH that exceeds the requirements of 
BS6391 Type 3, has technical expertise in XLDH 
products, and makes its own deployment and 
retrieval systems, you are far more likely to achieve 
a reliable long term solution to your water supply 
problems. 


Conclusions 

Today's fire fighters need optimum flexibility. They 
can be called upon to assist in many kinds of emer- 
gency, including flood control and disaster relief 
including earthquake situations where all the estab- 
lished water ring main systems are broken and 
disrupted. Even under such demanding conditions 
fire fighters have a responsibility to be able not only 
to maintain an adequate water supply, but also to 
deliver ever increasing quantities of water to deal 
with the more complex hazards we see in the 
modern world. The flexibility and efficiency that 
modern LDH solutions now offer means that there 
is a flexible mobile solution available to help fire 
fighters to meet these tough challenges, and help 
them to maintain and optimise supplies of water 
in the widest range of emergency scenarios. EEQ 


Mike Willson is Product 
Manager at Angus Fire 
responsible for the global 
marketing of Hi-Vol Large 
Diameter Hose (LDH) and 
associated FETCH deployment 
and retrieval systems. Angus 
Fire is part of UTC Fire & 
Security, a United Technologies 
Corp. (NYSE:UTX) business 
unit, which provides fire safety 
and security solutions to more 
than one million customers 
around the world. UTC Fire & 
Security is headquartered in 
Connecticut, USA. 



Products according to NFPA 1936 and EN 1320 


Multi-pmpose Stabilization 


www.lancier-hydraulik.com 


LANCIER Hydraulik GmbH & Co. KG 
von-Siemens-Str. 1 , 48346 Ostbevern 
Germany, Phone +49 (0) 2532 957080 


Rescue Tools 


LANCIER 

Hydraulik 


• Cutters ^ 

• Spreaders 

• Combination Tools 

• Rescue Rams 

• Hydraulic Power Unit 

• Accessories 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


67 





COMMAND AND CONTROL 


New Thinking and Cu 
in Emergency Comm 


A large format touch 
screen inside the 
command unit is linked 
to sector commander 
tablet PCs throughout 
the fire ground. 
Command headquarters 
and other interested 
parties can also share 
the common operational 
picture from remote 
locations. 


By Stephen 
Prendergast 



New technologies are being combined to provide fire commanders with a whole 
new approach to incident command and control. 


VectorCommand 


C urrent demands on fire, rescue and other 
emergency services have never been greater. 
In addition to having to prepare to respond 
to conventional fires, floods and other natural 
disasters, emergency services also need to plan, 
train and exercise their responses to a wide variety 
of terrorist threats. But whether a major emer- 
gency is fire related, a natural disaster or a terrorist 
incident, many aspects of emergency command 
management remain the same. Commanders need 
to know where incidents are occurring, where 
there assets are deployed (and how long their 
assets have been deployed), and they need to be 
able to communicate their command decisions 
clearly and quickly to all command levels, some- 
times over large distances. 

Conventional command and control systems 
used by emergency services have traditionally 
drawn on dispatch system technology (sometimes 
combined with GIS mapping of varying degrees of 
sophistication). Command and control systems have 
usually adopted a top-down approach to command 
rather than a shared, integrated, common opera- 
tional picture approach. While these systems have 
served their purpose for many years, they do not 
provide on-the-ground commanders, along with 
their headquarters and operational command 
officers, with the best array of command and 
control information displayed as clearly as possible 
by making the optimum use of modern communi- 
cations, database and display technologies. 

Large touch screens, networked, ruggedised 
tablet PCs, high bandwidth communications 
frequencies and systems, 'middleware' (for access- 
ing data stored in multiple proprietary databases) 
and open software standards such as XML and 
GML, mean the traditional view of command and 


control and other IT systems as separate 
'stovepipes' is now completely obsolete. Most 
critically, continuing with such a 'stovepipe' 
approach prevents emergency commanders at all 
levels within emergency organisations from 
efficiently receiving and distributing, up-to-the 
minute incident data (asset and risk database 
information, live video feeds and organizational 
asset data) that could have a major impact on the 
effectiveness of an emergency response. 

In the past technological limitations have meant 
that it has been difficult to share a common 
operational picture across a fire ground or other 
emergency area. In the case of wildfires in 
Australia, for example, a fireground can be up to 
100 miles long and 20 miles wide, and in the case 
of other natural disasters, such as a tsunami, a 
disaster area can be even larger. Managing assets 
and communicating command decisions across 
such large areas, or smaller areas where there are 
complex events and issues to be managed, 
requires a more sophisticated approach than can 
be supplied by conventional command and control 
systems (which may sometimes only be a white 
board with pens), and even those which incor- 
porate Geographic Information System mapping 
only may not be up to the challenge. 

This has been the thinking underpinning the 
development of a new approach to command and 
control that looks at the whole process of 
emergency incident management in a more 
distributed (i.e. less hierarchical) and technological, 
way. It is an approach which has been designed 
to use to the full the various open standards and 
new communications technologies and devices 
now available, as well as sophisticated systems 
developed to manage assets and imagery. Both 


68 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


COMMAND AND CONTROL 


rrent Developments 
and and Control 


the Australian and British fire services, working 
in conjunction with leading British technology 
company VectorCommand, have contributed 
to the development of this new approach to 
command and control (now known as 'command 
support'). 

The resulting Command Support System takes 
emergency command and control to a whole new 
level. Now commanders can draw on a com- 
prehensive range of information sources - database 
information, streamed video imagery, templated or 
ad hoc organisational asset information, GIS 
mapping and electronic whiteboard sketch maps 
(known as 'mudmaps') - to create a clear, accurate 
picture of an incident, and then share that 
information as a common operational picture on a 
dynamic, single screen image throughout the 
incident command structure, as well as back to a 
fire service headquarters and to other interested 
multi-agency organisations. 

The technology is being developed for use in 
sophisticated mobile command vehicles but is 
equally useful and deployable throughout fixed 
command headquarters and other locations, a 
critical point when emergency responses to major 
incidents are being monitored by centralized, 
multi-agency political and command organisa- 
tions. With Hurricane Katrina and other major 
incidents in mind, any future systems also have to 
be capable of withstanding major catastrophic 
threats, with multiple redundancy built in, to 
ensure systems continue to operate when main- 
stream communications systems have failed. 

The company developing the Command 
Support System is UK-based VectorCommand, 
which provides a range of sophisticated, virtual 
reality-based training, exercising and operational 
command products for helping emergency services 


around the world prepare and improve their staff 
expertise and operational command systems. Most 
UK, Australian and New Zealand fire services, as 
well as other organizations such as Qatar Petrole- 
um and the Swedish National Rescue Services 
Agency, use the company's Emergency Command 
System range of products. 

According to Dr Mike Griffin, technical director 
of VectorCommand: 'With the development of the 
Command Support System, the company is taking 
emergency command and control to a whole new 
level. We are doing this by exploiting to the full 
the huge potential of the latest command, control, 
communications and display technologies. 

'Our technical and training teams have also 
done a great deal of work with our clients over 
many years, trying to understand the practical 
issues that they have to deal with on a day-to-day 
basis. One of the critical issues that they face is the 
question of asset management - what assets are 
available, where they are deployed, how long they 
have been deployed and when do they need to be 
replaced or relieved. The company has developed 
sophisticated systems for providing this infor- 
mation in easily displayed and managed digital 
formats, and it is this technology, combined with a 
number of our other proprietary technologies, that 
is allowing us to provide such a sophisticated 
solution in the Command Support System. 

'Command and control can then be combined 
with operational and tactical training and exercising 
within an integrated system to provide a com- 
prehensive solution for preparing fire and rescue 
service responses to a wide variety of threats. In 
our view, this is the future for emerg ency 
command, communications and control.' EHQ 

www.emergencycommandsystem.com 



Command Support 
System provides 
commanders with the 
facility to combine 
organizational assets ; 

GIS maps , streamed 
imagery and electronic 
whiteboard in one 
unified screen to create 
the most 
comprehensive , 
commonly shared 
picture o f an emergency 
incident. 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


69 


In times of uncertainty, 



you need (5) times the protection. 




Breathe easy, knowing your life is protected with . 

GasAlertMicroo) PID 

five-gas detector 


simultaneous display of up to five different gases: H2S, CO, O2, SO2, PH3, 
NH 3 , N 0 2 , HCN, Cl 2 , CI 0 2 , 0 3 , combustibles (LEL) and VOCs (PID) 


integral pump option 

triple alarms (visual, audible and vibrating) 

integral concussion-proof boot 

interchangeable rechargeable and alkaline 
battery packs 

datalogging options 

multi-language display and support 


Wat 
Re 


starting at 


bwt@gasmonitors.co 


^Technologies 

^ ' by Honeywell 


By Gerd Pearson 

Global Market Manager 
for Fire Brigades, 
Draeger Safety 



Air Monitoring 
as Part of 
Preparedness 

Firefighters throughout the world know that the quicker they can assess what it 
is they are dealing with, the quicker they can start work. Smoke and flames are 
relatively easy to see, unlike the invisible dangers that often accompany toxic or 
flammable gases. A source of ignition at the wrong time, or entry into a 
potentially lethal atmosphere could turn an incident into a full blown disaster. 


E ven if every firefighter were to don compressed 
air breathing apparatus for every single inci- 
dent, the need for gas detection systems 
would still exist. Gases, particularly those from 
chemical and industrial plants, can have far reach- 
ing effects, from the poisoning of nearby personnel 
through to widespread environmental pollution. 
They can also have explosive consequences. The 
use of the right gas detection system will quickly 
determine the type and level of risk and allow the 
firefighter to do what they do best - resolve the 
situation with the utmost safety for all concerned. 

The nature of the incident can sometimes point 
to the type of hazard that may be found and 
might provide a useful insight into which type of 
gas detection system may be required. An earth- 
quake or other natural disaster, for example, might 
involve town gas, methane, hydrogen sulphide, 
sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide or, perhaps, a 
lack of oxygen altogether. A terrorist incident 
might feature nuclear, biological or chemical 
hazards, whilst a wide variety of gases and 
vapours can be found at different industrial sites. 


For instance, in the brewing industry where 
increased levels of nitrogen are now being used to 
make a more effervescent beer, there is a danger of 
oxygen depletion and, as a result, asphyxiation. 
Colourless, inert and odourless, liquid nitrogen is 
also used as a freezing agent in hospitals, labor- 
atories and universities. A firefighter entering a 
confined space or enclosed area in the danger zone 
could find him or herself with a severe case of 
oxygen deprivation. 

In steelworks, a volatile mix of oxygen and 
carbon monoxide can create serious blast levels 
and even the semiconductor industry has it's own 
potential toxicity problems with the use of ammo- 
nia, arsine and bromine. A "shout" at a food 
processing plant could involve high levels of disin- 
fectants or, in refrigeration and cold storage areas, 
unhealthy levels of ammonia. To compound the 
problem, it is also possible that toxic and/or 
flammable gases and vapours that were created 
during previous work might still be present, or that 
hazardous bi-products may be created by the fire 
itself from otherwise non-hazardous materials. 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


71 


AIR MONITORING 


Whilst not exhaustive, the following lists some 
of the most common substances that may be 
encountered: 


combustion of polyurethane foams, for instance, 
include giddiness and headaches before eventual 
collapse. Exposure to a high concentration of 


SOURCE 

SUBSTANCE 

Combustion processes such as open fire, 
tobacco smoke. Vehicle exhaust gas 

C0 2 , CO, Nox 

Cleaning agents, disinfectants, furniture polish, stain 
removers, shoe polish spray, nail polish remover, 
correction liquids, pickling agents. 

Toluene and aromatics, hexane and aliphatic 
hydrocarbons, formaldehyde and other aldehydes, 
acetone 

Glues and paints 

Toluene and aromatics, hexane and aliphatic 
hydrocarbons, formaldehyde, other aldehydes 

Insulating material, foams, damping material, 
chipboards 

Styrene, formaldehyde 

Gasoline stations 

Toluene, benzene and other aromatics, hexane and 
other aliphatic hydrocarbons 

Refrigerants, anti-oxidant in metal furnaces 

Ammonia 

Food processing, magnesium foundries 

Sulphur dioxide 

Semi-conductor manufacture & rework 

Ammonia, bromine, hydrogen chloride, hydrogen 
cyanide 

Paper and man-made fibres 

Chlorine 

Decomposing biological matter 

Methane, H 2 S, oxygen deficiency 


Hazards and effects 

Many gases and vapours are toxic, can cause 
oxygen deficiency or carry the risk of explosion 
and, as a result can prove to be lethal. 

In respiratory terms, different hazards have 
different effects and are classified as follows: 

Simple Asphyxiants 

Inhalation of substances in this category is not 
usually life-threatening but the presence of a 
simple asphyxiant can displace oxygen in the air to 
such an extent that the lack of oxygen can, in 
itself, be dangerous. Carbon dioxide is a typical 
example and whilst exposure to low levels can lead 
to breathlessness, high concentrations can cause 
loss of consciousness within just 60 seconds. 

Chemical Asphyxiants 

Unlike other asphyxiants, these can be immediately 
dangerous to life and health in that they interfere 
with the transportation of oxygen within the body. 
Symptoms following exposure to carbon monoxide 
and hydrogen sulphide, which is produced by the 


hydrogen sulphide will cause an immediate para- 
lytic effect on the respiratory system. 

Irritants 

Ulceration of the throat, watering eyes, sneezing 
and coughing are just some of the immediate 
symptoms that can follow exposure to irritants 
such as ammonia, chlorine and sulphur dioxide. 
Where escape is difficult, breathing can become 
severely restricted and exposure could prove fatal. 

Narcotics 

Hallucinations can follow exposure to high 
concentrations of toluene and other narcotic 
substances such as tetrachloroethylene. 

Combination hazards exist in many situations 
and, as well as being potentially explosive or 
flammable in nature can make search and rescue 
operations very difficult indeed. 

Different types of systems 

The incident and location will automatically reveal 
a certain amount of information about the types of 
hazards that are most likely to be 
found. However, firefighters entering 
a potentially hazardous environment 
need to know exactly which gases 
are involved there and then, not just 
for their own safety but for the well 
being of those they may need to 
rescue. 

Designed to detect airborne sub- 
stances and to sound a warning if 
the levels pose a threat to health, 
portable gas detection instruments 
can be used to determine if an area 
is safe to enter, whether it remains 
safe during rescue or recovery and, 
after clean-up, can ensure that 
decontamination has been com- 
plete. Whether the hazard is toxic, 
explosive, combustible, asphyxiating 



72 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


AIR MONITORING AS PART OF PREPAREDNESS 


AIR MONITORING 


or a combination of any of those, there is an 
instrument to suit every situation. 

Tubes 

Short term tubes provide on-the-spot measurements 
of targeted gases and are suitable for monitoring 
personal exposure, spot check measurements, leak 
checks and confined space investigation. Developed 
by Draeger in 1937, for example, DraegerTubes lead 
the way in tube technology and enable the fast, 
accurate measurement of over 1000 substances, 
including chemical warfare agents. 

These highly accurate glass tubes can also be 
used in conjunction with short term pumps to 
enable rapid measurements to be taken and pro- 
vide optimum volume and flow specifications. 
Incorporating automatic stroke counters and a 
clear end of stroke indicator, pumps require no 
special tools and give accurate and reproducible 
results. 


the sensors are plugged into the instrument and 
has a short response time. 

Each of these multi-functional instruments can 
also be fitted with a hose or pump for active 
sampling in hard to reach areas. Where record 
keeping is a requirement, they can also be 
supplied with dataloggers. 

Domestic preparedness has come to the fore in 
recent years, as the dangers of chemical and 
biological agents have become more of a concern. 
Providing continuous measurement in real-time, 
the Draeger Multi-IMS, for example, is easy to use 
and will quickly detect a wide range of chemical 
warfare agents. Utilising the latest state-of-the-art 
handheld detection and monitoring technology, it 
incorporates a sensor based on Open Loop Ion 
Mobility Spectrometry and uses an ION Mobility 
Cell to provide improved sensitivity and selectivity. 
Concentration, trend and relative dosage 
measurements are easily taken and a range of 


Personal Single Gas Monitors 

These handheld instruments can monitor a broad 
range of gases and can be supplied with 
interchangeable sensors to detect specific sub- 
stances. Portable instruments of this kind obviously 
need to be lightweight, easy to read and easy to 
use, even when wearing gloves and the alarms 
should be heard, seen or felt in the most arduous 
of conditions. 

Multi-Gas Measurements 

These high performance instruments can be used 
to measure a wide variety of gases in virtually any 
situation, from indoor air quality through to 
confined space entry and the monitoring of landfill 
gas. The more modern units can provide continu- 
ous detection of up to five gases simultaneously 
and feature individually adjustable visual and 
acoustic alarms. 

As each sensor is pre-calibrated and is 
recognised automatically by the instrument, this 
innovative instrument can be reconfigured simply 
by changing a sensor and without requiring addi- 
tional service or maintenance. In addition, the 
measuring range of these sensors can be changed 
to any other gas detected by that sensor, by the 
push of a button and without needing recali- 
bration. As a result, the accuracy and range of the 
monitored substance is substantially increased. The 
search for leaks in flanges, shut off devices and 
valves, etc., has also been simplified by the addi- 
tion of a new, flexible gooseneck probe. When in 
tracking mode, it generates an increasing or 
decreasing rate of beeps in accordance with the 
gas concentration detected. 

Other specially designed "two-in one" 
instruments are also available for use where 
combination hazards involving explosive gases and 
a lack or surplus of oxygen may exist. For maxi- 
mum flexibility, the Draeger PacEx2, for instance, 
can be supplied in two versions: as an instrument 
for explosive gas measurement, or as a "plug and 
play", combination instrument for explosive gas 
and oxygen measurement. Combining extended 
operational time with minimal training and charg- 
ing requirements, it features "smart" technology 
and is designed to monitor hazard concentrations 
continuously, simultaneously and independently. 

Utilising three functional pushbutton controls, 
this rugged instrument is operational as soon as 



max 25 bar 


Technology 


max 720 bar 


<C-holmatro 

rescue eauioment 


olmatro 


nology 


OR 


number 


Quicker, easier and safer 


in the world 


Make the most of your techniques and proce- 
dures and discover the unprecedented benefits 
CORE™ offers. 

Working with CORE™ saves time, is more user- 
friendly, means more efficient use of manpower 
and is safer. 


for a reason 


www.holmatro.com 


Ulit 


single hose system 


Holmatro Rescue Equipment - RO. Box 33 - 4940 AA Raamsdonksveer - The Netherlands 
T +31 (0)162 - 58 92 00 - E info@holmatro.com 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


73 



AIR MONITORING 


AIR MONITORING AS PART OF PREPAREDNESS 



Further information is 
available from: 

Danielle Smith 
Draeger Safety UK Limited 
Ullswater Close, Blyth 
Riverside Business Park, 
Blyth, Northumberland 
NE24 4RG 
Tel: 01 670 352891 
Fax: 01670 356266 


graphical alarms indicate both the substance and 
concentration level as well as the hazard type, i.e. 
nerve, blister or blood/choking agent. Bar graph 
displays clearly show the current concentration lev- 
els as well as alarm volume and battery status. 
With a built-in pump and RS232 datalogging 
interface, it also features audible and visual alarms 
and an automatic self-check. 

Photo ionisation detectors (PID) are perfect for 
tracing volatile organic substances in air. Able to 
detect whole groups of substances, these multi- 
functional, robust instruments can also be calibrat- 
ed to monitor individual hazards. Especially useful 
in confined space measurements and emissions 
monitoring, they can also assist in fire investigation 
and in post-accident screening. 

Fixed Gas Detection Systems 

Designed to constantly monitor and detect explo- 
sive or toxic gases and vapours as well as oxygen 
deficiency and/or enrichment, these sophisticated 
systems can be used to sound alarms and initiate 
evacuation, or to switch off entire processes in the 
event of a problem. Used to monitor remote areas 
and/or multiple sites, their data is recorded which 
means that they can provide valuable incident 
information before fighters even arrive at the 
scene. 

Providing round the clock protection for, 
amongst others, the petrochem, food processing 
and chemical industries, they are also widely used in 
large commercial sites and sports or leisure venues. 

Firefighters have a need for rapid and accurate 
information about the nature of the incident. 
Once armed with the facts, they can respond to 
the numerous challenges that arise both quickly 
and competently. Fulfilling a vital role, gas 
detection systems can be used to eliminate the 
risks and increase awareness of the dangers. 

Useful information for firefighters - 
sensor positioning 

It makes sense that sensors and sampling points are 
positioned so that gas accumulations are detected 
before they create a significant hazard. To ensure 


maximum performance, different sensor positioning 
strategies can be implemented to suit different 
workplace environments. Whilst these can, of 
course, be combined or modified, they are generally 
used to provide spot, area or perimeter monitoring. 

Spot monitoring is used where the potential 
source of the leak is known and the sensors can 
be positioned to ensure that leaks are detected 
quickly. Area monitoring requires an increased 
number of sensors to cover an entire area and is 
generally used where the source of the leak is not 
known. Perimeter monitoring is used in applica- 
tions where the outer limits of the installation 
need to be checked and where it is important that 
potential hazardous gases do not reach neigh- 
bouring areas. 

European Standard BSEN 50073:2000 lists a 
number of factors that should be taken into 
account when determining suitable locations. These 
include the location, i.e. indoor or outdoor site, 
potential sources such as the location and nature of 
the potential vapour/gas sources (pressure volume 
and/or mass, source temperature, density and 
distances), as well as the chemical and physical data 
of the potential gases/vapours present. 

Other factors include leak control, the nature 
and concentrations of possible gas releases, the 
presence of cavities and jets and the general 
topography of the site. Air movements should also 
be taken into consideration as well as temperature 
effects, the local environment of the plant, the 
location and number of personnel in the plant and 
the location of potential sources of ignition. Any 
structural arrangements such as walls, troughs or 
partitions, which could allow gas to accumulate, 
should also be considered. 

Perhaps most importantly, the Standard also 
states that the placement of the sensors and 
sampling points should be determined following the 
advice of experts having specialist knowledge of gas 
dispersion, experts with a knowledge of the process 
plant system and equipment involved, and safety 
and engineering personnel. It also advises that the 
agreement reached on the locations of sensors and 
sampling points should be recorded. EQ3 


74 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


Foam fire fighting systems - 
weve got it covered 


When quick reactions under extreme stress are 


Typical high risk applications 


needed, it matters that the tools to deliver are both 
unquestionably reliable and specifically designed for 
the task. If you fight fire fast with the right combination 
of product and delivery system, you can save lives, 
critical assets and scarce resources. 


• Petro-chemical - Oil terminal; 

Storage tank protection; Bund protection 

• Marine - Tankers; Machinery spaces; 
Ferries; Offshore support and 

Fire fighting vessels 


Skum brings over 70 years of invaluable expertise to 
fire fighting. Backed by a programme of continuous 
research and development, Skum has an enviable 
reputation at the forefront of fire fighting technology 
and is renowned worldwide for its quality and 
innovation. Innovations such as Hot Foam™ systems 
for enclosed spaces or the unique FJM corrosion free 
monitor. 

In short, Skum has it covered. 


• Aviation - Hangars; Helidecks; 
Crash vehicles 

• Industry - Sprinkler 
systems; Foam spray deluge 
systems; Medium/high 
expansion foam systems 

• Power Generating Plants - 

Transformers; Cable tunnels; 
Conveyors; Coal bunkers 





Systems for aircraft hangars 



Systems for high risk sites 



HotFoam™ systems for 
enclosed areas 


Skum 70 years of exceptional reliability 



For further information, please contact: 
Tyco Safety Products, 

Le Pooleweg 5, 2314 XT Leiden, Netherlands 
Tel: +31 (0)71 5419 415 Fax: +31 (0)71 5417 330 
E-mail: tspmarketing.emea@tycoint.com 
Web: www.skum.com 


tqca 


' Fire & 
Security 


HotFoam is a trademark of a subsidiary of Tyco Holdings (UK) Ltd. Copyright © A subsidiary of Tyco Holdings (UK) Ltd. 





Need It Now? 


Every NFPA code and standard is now available 

in PDF format! 


It's fast, easy, and convenient to order any 

(r) 

of the National Fire Codes online! With 
our PDF service, you can download vital 
requirements right away. Simply log onto 
www.nfpacatalog.org to select the 
document(s) you need and 
explore the full range of NFPA 
products and services! Order 
or join NFPA by credit card 
over our secure server 24 
hours a day. 

National Fire 
Codes® Online 


Within minutes 
of registering, 
you can access 
the very latest 
NFPA codes and 
standards. 


Service 


catalogi 
I 


This revolutionary service allows 
subscribers to reference the most timely NFPA 
codes and standards, in addition to a wealth 
of useful information including Reports on 
Proposals and Reports on Comments, informing 
you of proposed changes to the codes and 


Vv\ 


\ 


j r -JJ 


| THE NFPA CATALOG ONLINE EDITION |- - 


Hrc Safety Products & Sendees «rcr» NFPA 


(a) 


I -> WELCOME 

twsTn* 15 * V* 

ejqrXMftj iTJCTA 


BROWSE lira Nf Pa Cwtobg br «.«u<9>iy 


■> SEARCH ;I»| NFPA Ubb| hr IwyMiild 


St<uu* T:«-«ar ^wrfctr trArr be.4 < 


standards that directly affect 
your work. 

Other continuously updated 
features include Formal 
Interpretations and tentative 
Interim Amendments. Online 
access to the NFPA Directory 
and NFPA News. 

Subscribe Now! Your access 
number is e-mailed within 
minutes of registering! 
www.nfpacatalog.org 


www.nfpacatalog.org 


For information on your local distributor contact us at custserv@nfpa.org 

NFPA International • 1 Batterymarch Park • Quincy, MA 02269 • USA 
Tel +1-617-770-3000 • Fax +1-617-984-7777 


CABLES 



Fire Performance 
Cables 


- assessing the standards 
internationally 


By David Oldfield 

Product Development 
Manager, Draka UK 


The development of cables with improved fire performance has been ongoing for 
over 20 years and continues apace today on a global basis, along with the 
evaluation of product standards and performance standards. These moves have 
resulted in considerable improvements in fire safety, particularly in environments 
where public safety is concerned, such as public assembly, in the mass transit 
sector, maritime applications and throughout the offshore industry. David 
Oldfield, Product Development Manager at Draka UK explains that changes in 
cable fire performance requirements are being introduced into the Middle East 
sector and most notably in the adoption of products meeting the requirements of 
B.S. 5839-1 :2002 rather than reliance on earlier standards e.g. B.S.6387 CWZ. 


T he development of reduced fire hazard cables 
has eliminated the problems associated with 
the combustion of halogenated polymeric 
materials that were used in the manufacture of 
many earlier generation products. Zero Halogen 
Low Smoke - OHLS - cables are now freely avail- 
able, in a variety of wiring and power designs, to 
suit all building applications and their performance 
is recognised internationally as making a major 
contribution to fire safety in public buildings. 

In Europe, the UK led the way in the adoption 
of reduced fire hazard cabling, and in devising a 
comprehensive set of cable performance testing 


standards. These standards include requirements 
for smoke production, acidity evaluation, flame 
retardancy and, in appropriate cases, for assessing 
the circuit integrity of cable. One very recent 
milestone was the decision of the EC Standing 
Committee on Construction to establish a classi- 
fication table for cables in buildings, under the 
provision of the Construction Products Directive. 
This table defines classes of cable fire performance 
in terms of flammability, smoke production, 
flaming particles and acidity. 

A new fire test protocol has been prepared as 
part of EN50399-2007; Common Test Methods for 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


77 



CABLES 



Cables under Fire Conditions. This assesses per- 
formance against the classification table and is 
based on a modification to the IEC 60332: Test on 
Electric and Optical Fibre Cables under Fire 
Conditions, test for the vertical propagation of 
flame. The test measures fire growth rate, total 
heat release and peak heat release, in addition to 
other criteria such as flame spread, which is the 
main concern of the existing IEC (International 
Electrotechnical Commission) test. This new test 
enables more definitive comparisons to be made 
between cable types. However, the extent to 
which the provisions of EN50399-2007 are 
embodied in regulation remains to be defined. 

The importance of circuit integrity 

As the latest revision of UK legislation relating to 
the fire performance of fire alarm cables has now 
been around for a few years, the majority of 
specifiers and installers are familiar with its main 
requirements. However, the availability on the 
market of an increasing number of cables, coupled 
with a growing international awareness for the 
need to adopt what might be described as "best 
practices" means that it is high time for a number 
of important issues to be finally resolved. 

So, what needs to be addressed? Certainly it is 
essential to move quickly to a point where specifiers 
and installers can confidently rely on manufacturers' 
cable ratings; cable fixing needs to be consistently 
undertaken to a higher standard; manufacturers' 


recommendations regarding the bending of cables 
must be adhered to, and cable jointing needs to be 
undertaken to a standard that does not potentially 
impair the installations' integrity. 

But first, before turning to these issues, let us 
take a brief look at some of the latest fire perfor- 
mance cabling solutions that have come onto the 
market in the past few years. 

New fire performance cable solutions 

In the UK, for example, fire performance cables 
now fall into two categories, defined as Standard 
and Enhanced. These performance levels are 
determined by testing procedures described in BS 
EN 50200: 2000 (Method of Test for Resistance to 
Fire of Unprotected Small Cables for use in Emer- 
gency Circuits) and BS8434: 2003 (Methods of 
Test for Assessment of the Fire Integrity of Electric 
Cables). Standard cable is acceptable for the 
majority of installations, whereas Enhanced cable 
is required in clearly prescribed buildings. These 
are: buildings where cables are required to operate 
longer due to phased evacuation; buildings over 
30 metres high that are not protected by sprinklers; 
buildings with critical signal paths to areas where 
people may remain for some time during a fire; and 
buildings where a fire risk assessment identifies the 
need for enhanced performance. Indeed, demand 
for this Enhanced cable is expected to grow with 
the increased international trend for buildings to be 
designed along fire safety engineering principles, 


78 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



CABLES 


FIRE PERFORMANCE CABLES - ASSESSING THE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALLY 


rather than prescribed measures. 

Fire integrity is essential for cables used in fire 
detection and alarm systems, emergency lighting 
and public address installations, and where 
providing power to other fire safety systems. Mod- 
ern systems used in buildings, where increasingly 
fire engineering principles are linked to fire risk 
assessments, are often complex and critical, and 
the systems frequently need to function for a 
considerable period of time after a fire has been 
detected. 

This led to the introduction of new levels of 
circuit integrity in the 2002 revisions of BS 5839 
(Fire Detection and Alarm Systems for Buildings), 
with the rating for Standard cable being set at 30 
minutes and at 120 minutes for Enhanced cable. 
The test protocols differ significantly from those in 
BS 6387 (Specification for Performance Require- 
ments for Cables Required to Maintain Circuit 
Integrity under Fire Conditions), by being 
"integrated", by simultaneously applying fire, 
mechanical shock and water exposure to the cable 
sample. 

Cable performance for critical systems 

Fire performance data cables are now an emerging 
reality and data transmission performance criteria 
have been drafted. At the same time, changes to 
alarm cable fire performance are now well estab- 
lished and understood and it is widely recognised 
that significant improvements in cable reliability 
have been achieved. Hence, attention has recently 
been focussed on the performance of cables 
providing essential power supplies to other critical 
fire safety systems. 

Systems for smoke control and ventilation 
incorporate dampers, shutters, automatic door 
hold-open devices, fans and vents, all of which 
require secure power supplies during the evacu- 
ation and fire fighting phases. These means of 
escape need to be indicated by appropriate 
illumination and secure emergency lighting. Also, 
firefighting facilities require secure power supplies 
and fire fighting lifts and rising mains need to 
function longer than most other systems. 

The design and performance requirements for 
fire integrity power cables in the UK market was 
established in 1996 with the publication of BS 
7846 (Electric Cables), and the market for this type 
of cable is currently satisfied by the "F2" perfor- 
mance classification. This standard has in recent 
years been subjected to similar criticism to that 
directed at BS 6387 regarding lack of integration 
of the test elements. In addition, recommenda- 
tions have also been put forward for the need for 
more direct impact and higher pressure water 
applications. Advocating these more stringent 
requirements led to the publication of BS 7346-6 
in 2005 (Components for Smoke and Heat Control 
Systems - Specification for Cable Systems). 

This test applies direct mechanical impact to the 
cable under fire conditions and also applies water 
at the end of the test period, simulating of a fire 
hose. This requirement has been adopted for all 
essential fire safety system applications in the UK 
and will surely give rise to the introduction of new 
products to comply with the exacting standards. 

The need for integrated testing 

There is increasing recognition of the importance 
of the fire performance of the "cable system" in 


providing an adequate level osf safety, and BS 
5839-1 : 2002 defines this as the cable, any joints, 
and the means of cable support. Hence, a key 
recommendation is that the performance of all of 
these "cable system" elements should mirror the 
performance of the cable, and that the cable 
manufacturer's recommendations should be 
followed or the manufacturer's guidance should 
be sought. 

In Europe, tests to assess the performance of 
cable systems are the exception rather than the 
rule, and certainly no harmonised standard cur- 
rently exists. That said, there is an SCC (Standing 
Committee on Construction) Mandate Ml 17 for 
the investigation of large scale testing, including 
system elements, and a working party will soon be 
established to conduct the investigation. 

Internationally, there is presently only one 
reference point for a large scale circuit integrity 
test for cables and their installation ancillaries, and 
this is the German standard DIN41 02-1 2 (Fire 
Behaviour of Building Materials and Building 
Components), a furnace test that subjects the 
cable to a temperature rise with respect to time, in 
accordance with the ISO Curve. Ratings are 
assigned as of 30, 60 or 90 minutes. The furnace 
is oil fired and simulates fire conditions similar to 
those found in a fully developed building fire. 
Cables are installed, together with appropriate 
trays, cleats or ladders, and these are loaded to 
their full rating by the application of appropriate 
weights. Onerous though this large scale test is, 
significantly the cables are not exposed to the 
application of water to stimulate sprinklers or 
firefighting activities. 

It will no doubt be several years before the 
results of these investigations are embodied in a 
European standard, but one thing is certain - the 
continuing drive to improve standards and 
produce cables that continue to enhance the 
safety for people and property. EEQ 



David Oldfield is Product 
Development Manager at 
Draka UK and has been 
involved in the design and 
manufacture of electric 
cables for the past 35 years. 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


79 


Distributor and Representative Offices 


ANGUS FIRE 

AUSTRALIA 

KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 

314 Boundary Road, Dingley Vic 3172 
Mailing Address: 

PO Box 682, Braeside Vic 3 1 95 
Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 
Tel: 03 9518 5588 
Fax: 03 9518 5577 
Email: info@angusfire.com.au 
Website: www.angusfire.com.au 
Representative Office 

BANGLADESH 

PFH FIRE PROTECTION 

P O Box 327, Seria 7003, 

Negara Brunei Darussalam 

Contact: HJH. B.A. Noraliza (General Manager) 

Tel: (00 673) 3 332 519 

Fax: (00 673) 3 332 519 

Dealer/Distributor 

CHINA 

KIDDE CHINA 

Product Support & Sales Office, 21/F Tower 2 

88 Container Port Road, Hong Kong 

Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager) 

Tel: 00 852 2334 2388 

Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 

Email: general@kidde-china.com 

Fax: 03 9518 5577 

Email: info@angusfire.com.au 

Website: www.angusfire.com.au 

Representative Office 

HONG KONG 

CENTURION FIRE FIGHTING CO 

Room A, 1 3th Floor 
Go-Up Commercial Building 
998, Canton Road, Mongkok, Kowloon 
Contact: Johnny Yuen (Manager) 

Tel: (00 852) 2332 7071 

Fax: (00 852) 2332 6145 

Email: johnny@centurionfire.com.hk 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

KIDDE INDIA LIMITED 

EL 205, TTC Industrial Area 

Mahape 

Navi Mumbai 

400 710, India 

Tel: +91 22 67800100 

Fax: +91 22 27618444 

Email: info@kiddeindia.com 

Website: www.kiddeindia.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

PT RANTAI LAUT 

Jl Kemang Raya No. 1 1 
Jakarta Selatan 
Contact: Jimmy Singh 
Tel: (00 62) 21 717 90122 
Fax: (00 62) 21 717 90607 
Website: www.rantai-laut.com 
Email: jimmy@rantai-laut.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN 

OWEN LTD 

2-5-20 Gokou-Nishi 

Matsudo-Shi Chiba T270-2218 

Contact: Mr Masao Oyake (Managing Director) 

Tel: (00 81) 47 389 5510 

Fax: (00 81) 47 385 1763 

Email: owen@msi.biglobe.ne.jp 

Dealer/Distributor 


KOREA (SOUTH) 

INDECO CORPORATION 

814 Daewoo, The-O-Plus Building 
1 142-2 Sanbondong Gunposi 
Kyunggido 
Korea 435-040 

Contact: Thomas Park (President) 

Tel: (00 82)31 390 6911/2 
Fax: (00 82)31 390 6913 
Email: thomas@esafety.co.kr 
Mobile: (00 82) 1 1 726 2248 
Dealer/Distributor 

MACAU 

CENTURION FIRE FIGHTING CO 

Room A, 13th Floor 
Go-Up Commercial Building 
998, Canton Road 
Mongkok, Kowloon 
Contact: Johnny Yuen (Manager) 

Tel: (00 852) 2332 7071 

Fax: (00 852) 2332 6145 

Email: johnny@centurionfire.com.hk 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

KINSAJASA SDN BHD 

1st Floor, 2298 Pujut 5 Shoplot 
98000 Miri, Sarawak 
East Malaysia 
Contact: Roger Ling 
(Mobile: 6019 855 0360) 

Tel: 6085 665802 or 660423 
Fax: 6085 655803 or 655402 
Email: kinsar@tm.net. my or 
ksajaservice@mvjaring.net 
Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 

Street Address: 

314 Boundary Road 
Dingley Vic 3172 
Mailing Address: 

PO Box 682, Braeside Vic 3195 
Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 
Tel: 03 9518 5588 
Fax: 03 9518 5577 
Email: info@angusfire.com.au 
Website: www.angusfire.com.au 
Representative Office 

PAPUA NEW GUINEA 

KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 

Street Address: 

314 Boundary Road 
Dingley Vic 3172 
Mailing Address: 

PO Box 682, 

Braeside Vic 3195 

Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 

Tel: 03 9518 5588 

Fax: 03 9518 5577 

Email: info@angusfire.com.au 

Website: www.angusfire.com.au 

Representative Office 

PHILIPPINES 

ALARM SYSTEMS CORP 

Unit 3205, Summit-1 

Office Tower 

530 Shaw Road 

Mandulayong City 

Contact: Allen Lim 

Tel: (00 632) 532 0556 

Fax: (00 632) 533 6476 

Email: mail@alarmsystems.com.ph 

Dealer/Distributor 


SINGAPORE 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE. LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 
17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 
Singapore 119958 

Contact: Bob Graham (Sales Manager, 

Fire Fighting Products) 

Dir Tel: (00 65) 6424 7938 

Mobile: (00 65) 9671 1567 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Email: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Representative Office 

TAIWAN 

SENSOR LTD 

No. 8-1, Rueiguang Road 

Neihu Chiu 

Taipai 

Taiwan 114 
Contact: Alex Jeng 
Tel: (00 886)2 8792 9881 
Fax: (00 886) 2 8792 9885 
Email: sensor.fire@msa.hinet.net 
Website: www.sensorfire.com 
Email: alex@sensorfire.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

AB GROUP 

Contact: Phairot Bulpakdi (Managing Director) 

42 Soi Ngam Duplee 
Sathorn, Bangkok 10120 
Tel: (00 66) 2 2871570 
Fax: (00 66) 2 2871460 
Dealer/Distributor 

ANSUL 

INCORPORATED 

INDONESIA 

ANSUL INCORPORATED 

Bangun Tjipta Bldg 
Level 3B 

Ji Jend Gatot Subroto No. 54 
Jakarta 10260, Indonesia 
Tel: 62 21 536 77662 
Fax: 62 21 536 77663 

Representative Office 

BAUER 

COMPRESSORS 

BRUNEI 

BAUER COMPRESSORS ASIA PTE LTD 

2 Alexandra Road 

#01 -03 A Delta House 

Singapore 1 59919 

Singapore 

Tel: +65 6271 6271 

Fax: +65 6272 3345 

Email: info@bauer-compressors.com.sg 

Representative Office 

CHINA 

BAUER KOMPRESSOREN CHINA LTD 

707 Block A, M.P Industrial Centre 

1 8 Ka Yip Street 

Chai Wan 

Hong Kong S.A.R 

Tel: +852 2595 1898 

Fax: +852 2595 0878 

Email: bkc@bauerchina.com 

Representative Office 


80 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


INDIA 

ALLIED SOLUTIONS PVT LTD 

313/314, Raikar Chambers, 

Govandi [East], Mumbai -400 088 
Tel: 022 6797 8056/57/58 
Fax: 022 2557 6234 
Email: kini@alliedsolutions.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

MOUNT EVEREST ENGINEERING 
COMPANY 

A- 103 Gokul Arcade, Sahar Road 
Vile Parle (East) Mumbai 400 057, India 
Tel: +91 (22)8202558 
Fax: +91 (22)8205792 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

MARINE & INDUSTRIAL 
COMPRESSORS 

304 Thomson Road, Singapore 307654 
Tel: +65 6250 6018 
Fax: +65 6253 8443 
Email: masmarin@singnet.com.sg 

Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN 

BAUER COMPRESSORS CO. LTD 

10-36 Ryutsu-center, Kitakami-shi Iwate-ken 

024-0014 Japan 

Tel: +81 0197 68 2251 

Fax: +81 0197 68 2225 

Representative Office 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

TECKO CO. LTD. 

S.K Technopark 

Mega Center Room 201/202 

190-1 Sangdeawong 1-Dong 

Jungwon-gu, Sungnam-city, Kyungki-do, Korea 

Zip 462-705 

Tel: +82 2 3461 3000-3 and +82 31 776 2442 
Fax: +82 2 529 4240 and +82 31 776 2444 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

SK CRYOGENICS SDN BHD 

No 5, Jalan TP 7/6 

Sime U.E.P Industrial Park 

Section 26 40400 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia 

Tel: +60 3 51 92 4269/70 

Fax: +60 3 5192 4235 

Dealer/Distributor 

PAKISTAN 

ALPINE INDUSTRIALCON (PVT) LTD 

305/2 G.T. Road 
Baghbanpura, Lahore, Pakistan 
Tel: +92- 42- 685 2313 
Fax: +92- 42-367 4655 
Email: alpinelahore@hotmail.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

PHILIPPINES 

CEBU ERNBRI IMPORT, 
INC/AQUAVENTURE WHITETIP DIVE 
SUPPLY 

Ermita Office: 

Unit 101 Joncor II Bldg, #1362 A.Mabini Street 
Ermita Manila, Philippines 1000, Philippines 
Tel: +632 521-0433 
Fax: +632 522-1 165 

Website: www.aquaventurewhitetip.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

BAUER COMPRESSORS ASIA PTE. LTD 

2 Alexandra Road, #01-03A Delta House 

Singapore 159919, Singapore 

Tel: +65 6271 6271 

Fax: +65 6272 3345 

Email: info@bauer-compressors.com.sg 

Representative Office 


MARINE & INDUSTRIAL 
COMPRESSORS 

304 Thomson Road 

Singapore 307654 

Tel: +65 6250 6018 

Fax: +65 6253 8443 

Email: masmarin@singnet.com.sg 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

MING SHEN ENTERPRISE CO LTD 

5, PaShih 1 street 
DanShui Town 
Taipei 

Taiwan 25170 

Taiwan (Republic of China) 

Tel: +886 (2) 28095789 

Fax: +886 (2)28096189 

Email: www.bauer-kompressoren.de/ 

sales/bcmail_en.php?id=233> 

Website: www.3arrow.com.tw 
Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

INTERSOL ENGINEERING & 
TECHNOLOGY PTE LTD 

160 Rimklongprapa Road 
Bangsue Bangkok 10800 
Thailand 

Tel: +66 2 91 06 445 

Fax: +66 2 9106 446 

Email: www.bauer-kompressoren.de/ 

sales/bcmail_en.php?id=235> 

Dealer/Distributor 

VIETNAM 

MEKONG SCUBA SUPPLY LTD. 

Saigon Tower 
29 Le Duan Blvd 
Suite 1600 
Ho Chi Minh City 
Vietnam 

Tel: +848 823 6294 
Fax: +848 823 6288 
Email: mikedoyle44@hotmail.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

BRISTOL UNIFORMS 

BANGLADESH 

MANIK BROTHERS 

Hai Mansion (3rd Floor) 

9/3 Motijheel Circular Road 
Dhaka - 1000 
Bangladesh 

Contact: Mr A K Bhowmick 
Tel: +880 2 7100 589 
Fax: +880 2 7100 386 
Email: manikbrs@1postbox.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

BRUNEI 

DASAPREM (M) SDN BHD 

10 & 12 Jalan Muara 8/9 
40000 Shah Alam 
Selangor Darul Ehsan 
Malaysia 

Contact: Mr Prem R Murthy 
Tel: +603 550 9060 
Fax: +603 550 4486 
Email: dasaprem@yahoo.com 
Website: www.dasaprem.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

CHINA 

SHENZHEN RUFN INDUSTRIAL CO LTD 

RM-701 7/F Leaser Tower 
1st Fuhua Rd 
Shenzhen, China 
Contact: Amy Jin 
Tel: +86 755 8399 9581 
Fax: +86 755 8399 9548 
Email: wj@rufn88.com 
Dealer/Distributor 


FIJI 

PHILLIPS & SMITH LIMITED 

10 Akatea Road, Glendene 
Auckland, New Zealand 
Contact: Mr S Hampton 
Tel: +649 818 8048 
Fax: +649 818 4484 
Email: stuart@firemaster.co.nz 
Website: www.firemaster.co.nz 
Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

CHUBB HONG KONG LIMITED 

3 Hok Yuen Street East 
Hung Horn, Kowloon, Hong Kong 
Tel: +852 2746 9628 
Fax: +852 2785 0849 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

FOREMOST MARKETING PVT LTD 

M-1 Green Park Extn, 

New Delhi 1 10016, India 

Contact: Mr Vinay Khanna 

Tel: +91 11 261 969 82 

Fax: +91 11 261 669 61 

Email: foremost@vsnl.net 

Website: www.foremostsafety.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

DASAPREM (M) SDN BHD 

10 & 12 Jalan Muara 8/9, 

40000 Shah Alam 
Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia 
Contact: Mr Prem R Murthy 
Tel: +603 550 9060 
Fax: +603 550 4486 
Email: dasaprem@yahoo.com 
Website: www.dasaprem.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

PHILLIPS & SMITH LIMITED 

10 Akatea Road, Glendene, 

Auckland, New Zealand 

Contact: Mr S Hampton 

Tel: +649 818 8048 

Fax: +649 818 4484 

Email: stuart@firemaster.co.nz 

Website: www.firemaster.co.nz 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

YEN LEE FIREWELD PTE LIMITED 

18 Penhas Road, 208182, Singapore 

Contact: Mr Don Tay 

Tel: +65 62909890 

Fax: +65 62961444 

Email: don@fireweld.com.sg 

Website: www.fireweld.com.sg 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

SHENG-TAI FIRE PROTECTION 
INDUSTRIAL CO LTD 

No 222-2 Sec2, Cheng Tai Rd 
Wu-Ku Shiang, Taipei, Hsien, Taiwan 
Contact: Liu Yuan Hung 
Tel: +886 22292 1751 
Fax: +886 22291 1984 
Email: sato@mail.mold. net. tw 
Website: www.shengtai.com.tw 
Dealer/Distributor 

BW TECHNOLOGIES 

CHINA 

BW TECHNOLOGIES BEIJING - SALES 

Room 102, No.1 Building, 

Wanliu Yishuiyuan, Wanliu Dong Road 
Haidian District 
Beijing 100089 PR. China 
Tel/Fax: +86-10-8256-4525 
Representative Office 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


81 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


BW TECHNOLOGIES 

Henry Zhang, Regional Sales Manager - 

South China Region 

Tel: +86-20-8759-0352 

Fax: +86-20-8751-7303 

Email: hZhang@bwtnet.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

BW TECHNOLOGIES 

Kai Zhao, Regional Sales Manager - 

Northeast China Region 

Tel: +86-10-5857-0527 

Fax: +86-10-5857-0187 

Email: kZhao@bwtnet.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

BW TECHNOLOGIES 

Victor Wong, Regional Sales Manager - 
Hong Kong, China, Taiwan & Korea 
Tel: +852-2974-1783 
Fax: +852-2974-1704 
Email: vWong@bwtnet.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

BW TECHNOLOGIES HONG 
KONG/TAIWAN - SALES 

Flat 2, 6/F, Block C, Y.Y. Mansion 
96 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong 

Representative Office 

LARRY LAU 

Flat C, 28/F, Tower 1, Granville Garden 
18 Pik Tin Street, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong 

Dealer/Distributor 

CHEMETRON 

CHINA 

CHUBB CHINA 

1/F Guard Force Centre 
3 Hok Yuen Street East, Hunghom 
Kowloon, Hong Kong 
Tel: +852-23622632 

Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

CHUBB HONG KONG 

1/F, Guard Force Centre 
3 Hok Yuen Street East 
Hunghom, Kowloons, Hong Kong 
Tel: +852-23622632 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 
PT DRACO 

P.O. Box 2, Tambun 17510 Jkt 
Indonesia 

Tel: +62-21-8800058 

Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

YU-IL 

#168 Samsung-Dong 

Samsung Bldg Rm 401 Gangnam-Gu 

Seoul, Korea 

Tel: +011-82-2-565-7121 

Dealer/Distributor 

PHILIPPINES 

PALMER ASIA INC 

33 Edsa Bangkal, 1233 Metro 
Manila, Philippines 
Tel: +632 751 7774 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

SEALAND RESOURCES 

Block 30 Kallang Place 

#06-21 To 24 Kallang 

Kallang Basin Industrial Est, Singapore 

Tel: +65-62968180 

Dealer/Distributor 


TAIWAN 

CHENG AN FIREGUARD IND 

9/F No. 97 Sec. 2, Nan-Kang Road, Taipei, Taiwan 
Tel: +011-8862-27888349 

Dealer/Distributor 

DRAEGER SAFETY 

CHINA 

BEIJING FORTUNE DRAEGER SAFETY 
EQUIPMENT CO LTD 

Yu An Lu 22, B Area, Beijing Tianzhu Airport 

Industrial Zone, Shunyi District, Beijing, 101300 

Tel: +86 10 8049 8000 

Fax: +86 1 0 8049 8005 

Email: peter.wang@draeger.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

PT DRAEGERINDO JAYA 

Jl. Benda Raya No. 54 DEF-Kemang 

Jakarta Selatan 12560 

Tel: +6221 788 41880 

Fax: +6221 781 0230 

Email: jakarta.headoffice@draeger.co.id 

Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN 

DRAEGER SAFETY JAPAN LTD 

3-8-1 Tokyo, 2-chome, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135 0047 
Tel: +81 3 44615111 
Fax: +81 3 44 615100 
Email: yukata.kataoka@draeger.co.jp 

Representative Office 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

DRAEGER SAFETY ASIA 

Daejong Bid. #1 106, Korea Representative Office 
Bang-l-dong, Songpa gu, Seoul, Korea 
Tel: +82 2 6415 8222 
Fax: +82 2 641 5 8223 
Email: sdseo3@magicn.com 
Representative Office 

MALAYSIA 

DRAEGER SAFETY ASIA PTE LTD 

14Jalan PJS 11/18, Sunway Technology Park 

461 50 Petaling Jaya, Selangor 

Tel: +60 3 5635 6460 

Fax: +60 3 5635 4171 

Email: dsa.malaysia@draeger.com 

Representative Office 

NEW ZEALAND 

DRAEGER SAFETY PACIFIC PTE LTD 

Unit O, No. 150 

Harris Road, East Tamaki, Auckland 
Tel: +649 273 3160 
Fax: +649 273 3159 
Email: geert.herder@draeger.com 

Representative Office 

SINGAPORE 

DRAEGER SAFETY ASIA PTE LTD 

67 Ayer Rajah Crescent #06-03 
Singapore 139950 
Contact: Justin Kung 
Tel: +65 6872 9281 
Fax: +65 6773 2033 
Email: justin.kung@draeger.com 
Website: www.draeger.com.sg 
Representative Office 

TAIWAN 

DRAEGER SAFETY TAIWAN CO LTD 

12/F, Kuohwa Building 

868-5 Chungcheng Rd, Chungho City, Taipei 

county 235, Taiwan 

Tel: +886 (02)2223-6388 

Fax: +886 (02) 2223-2258 

Email: sales.taiwan@draeger.com 

Representative Office 


THAILAND 

DRAEGER SAFETY (THAILAND) LTD 

Chamnan Penjati Business Centre 

Unit 65/210 25th Floor 

Rama 9 Road, Huay Kwang, Bangkok 10310 

Tel: +662 6438 701/2 

Fax: +662 6438 700 

Email: sales@draeger.co.th 

Representative Office 

E2V TECHNOLOGIES 

INDIA 

FOREMOST MARKETING PVT LTD 

M-1, Green Park Extn, New Delhi 1 100016, India 

Tel: 00 91-11-261-96982 

Fax: 00 91-11-261-66961 

Email: foremost@vsnl.net 

Website: www.foremostsafety.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN 

CORNES DODWELL LTD (OSAKA) 

13-40 Nishihonmachi 1-chome, Nishi-ku 

Osaka 550-0005, Japan 

Tel: + 81-6-6532-1012 

Fax: + 81-6-6532-7749 

Email: e-device@cornes-dodwell.co.jp 

Website: www.cornes-dodwell.co.jp 

Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

GODO ENGINEERING CO LTD 

1 FL. 142-5 Yeonhee-2 

Dong Soedaemun-Gu, Seoul, Korea, 120-1 12 

Tel: 822-3141-1236 

Fax: 822-3141-1270 

Email: info@godoeng.com 

Website: www.godoeng.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

ELKHART BRASS 

AUSTRALIA 

FIRE RESPONSE PTY LTD 

71 Prince William Dr, P.O. Box 668, Seven Hills 

2147, Australia 

Tel: +61 2 9838 9071 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

PT REJECKI UTAMA 

Wisma Geha, 5th Floor, JL Timor 25 
Jakarta, Indonesia 
Tel: +62 21 316 2779 

Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

PSL PHILLIPS & SMITH LTD 

P.O. Box 69-028 

Glendene, Auckland, New Zealand 
Tel: +64 9 8184484 

Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

GUARDFIRE LIMITED 

42/2 Teo Hong Bangna Building, Moo 10, 
Bangna-Trad Road, Bangkok 10260, Thailand 
Tel: +66 2 7467031 

Dealer/Distributor 

FIRE FIGHTING 
ENTERPRISES 

AUSTRALIA 

AMPAC INDUSTRIES PTY LTD 

97 Walters Drive, Osbourne Park 
Western Australia 6017 
Tel: 00 61 892 423 333 
Fax: 00 61 892 423 334 

Dealer/Distributor 


82 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


HONG KONG 

HLK SERVICES LTD 

Room 1111, Tower B, Hung Horn Commercial 

Centre, 39 Ma Tau Wai Road 

Hung Horn, Kowloon, Hong Kong 

Tel: 00 852 23303083 

Fax: 00 852 23656128 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

NITIN FIRE PROTECTION INDUSTRIES 

501, Delta, Technology St. 

Hirananandani Gardens, 

Powai, Mumbai -400 076, India 
Tel: 00 91 22 25700392 
Fax: 00 91 22 257011 10 
Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

HI MAX CO LTD 

Sicox Tower 1 1 5-Ho 513-14 

Sangdaewon-Dong, 

Jungwon-Gu,Sungnam-City 

Kyungki Do, Korea 

Tel: 00 82 31 769 7698 

E-Mail khkim@himax1 19.co.kr 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

FITTERS ENG.SERVS SDN BHD 

No.1 Block C, Jalan Dataran Sd 1 Pju 9, 52200 

Bandar Sri, Damansara 

Kuala Lumpar, Malaysia 

Tel: 00 60 3 62767155 

Fax: 00 60 3 62758712 

Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

AMPAC INDUSTRIES LIMITED 

PO. Box 100-149 
North Shore Mail Centre 
Glenfield, Auckland 
New Zealand 
Tel: 00 64 94438072 
Fax: 00 64 94438073 
Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

ACCLAIM SYSTEMS PTE LTD 

Blk 104 Boon Keng Road, 05-01 
Singapore 339775 
Tel: 00 656 2990 798 
Fax: 00 656 299 3735 

Dealer/Distributor 

ALARM SUPPLY PTE LTD 

63 Jalan Pemimpin 

03-07 Pemimpin Industrial Building 

Singapore 577219 

Tel: 00 656 258 3445 

Fax: 00 656 258 6428 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

HORING LIH IND CO LTD 

4F No 18 Lane 327 
Chung Shan Road 
Sec 2 Chung-Ho-City 
Taipei Hsien, Taiwan 
Tel: 00886 2224 87599 
Fax: 00886 2224 07752 
Email ahtaipei@me26.hinet.net 
Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

F.B. (THAILAND) LTD 

75 Soi Rubia 
Sukhumvit 42 Road 
Bangkok 10110 
Thailand 

Tel: 00 66 2 3902445 
Fax: 00 66 2 3811197 

Dealer/Distributor 


TEEYA MASTER SYSTS CO LTD 

100/101-102 Vongvanji, Building B, 30Th Fir, 

Rama 9 Road, Huaykhwang 
Bangkok 10320, Thailand 
Tel: 00 662 2 6451130 
Fax: 00 662 2 2488540 
Dealer/Distributor 

HELMET INTEGRATED 
ltd SYSTEMS 

AUSTRALIA 

CHUBB FIRE AUSTRALIA 

120 Silverwater Road, Silverwater 
NSW 21 18, Australia 
Tel: +61 2 8748 7440 
Email: Graham_Harris@chubb.com.au 

Dealer/Distributor 

BRUNEI 

GLAMCO AVIATION (B) SDN BHD 

GPO Box 2793 

Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei BS 8675 
Tel: +673 2 451757 
Email: shran@brunet.bn 

Dealer/Distributor 

CHINA 

WUXI FIRETRE SAFETECH 

No 8, 2nd Floor, Xian Li Road 
WUXI, Jiangsu Province 214021 
People's Republic of China 
Tel: +86 510 275 3771 
Email: gao@pub.wx.jsinfo.net 
Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

SAFETECH LIMITED 

Block C Unit 11, 11th Floor 
Wah Lock Industrial Centre 
Shan Mai Street 
Fo Tan Shatin, New Territories 
Hong Kong 
Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

VIJAY SABRE SAFETY PVT LTD 

Plot 35 Chandivali Village 
Off Saki Vihar Rd 
Mumbai 400 072, India 
Tel: +91 22 28475488 
Email: vijaysabre@vsnl.net 
Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

PT BUMI CERAH AGUNG 

Komplex Karang, Anyar Permai 
Jl Karang Anyar No 55 /Cl -17 
Jakarta 10740, Indonesia 
Tel: +62 21 6246954 
Email: rudybca@centrin.net. id 
Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

JIN-ASIA CORPORATION 

889-3 Daedae-Ri, Unghon Myun 

Ulzoo-Kun, Ulsan City 

South Korea 

Tel: +82 52 221 9871 

Email: jinasia@nownuri.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

DASAPREM (M) SDN BHD 

10 & 12 Jalan Muara 8/9 
4000 Shah Alam 
Selangor 

Darul Ehsan, Malaysia 

Tel: +60 (3) 551 00957 

Email: dasaprem@dasaprem.com 

Dealer/Distributor 


NEW ZEALAND 

CHUBB FIRE & SAFETY PRODUCTS 

3 Fisher Crescent, Mt Wellington 

Private Bag 9220, Auckland 

New Zealand 

Tel: +64 9 270 7234 

Email: Daryl_Brown@chubb.co.nz 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

PROGRESSIVE INDUSTRIAL 
EQUIPMENT COMPANY 

24 New Industrial Rd 
#02-08 Pei Fu Building 
Singapore 536210 
Tel: +65 6282 7722 
Email: pie@pacific.net.sg 
Dealer/Distributor 

PHILIPPINES 

ALLIANCE INDUSTRIAL SALES 

Unit 109, Cluster 3, Makati Prime City 
7708 St Paul Road San Antonio 
1203 Makati City, Philippines 
Tel: +632 890 8818 
Email: alliance8_jcy@pacific.net.ph 
Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

SECOROC CORPORATION 

219 Chung Cheng North Road 
San Chung City, Taipei Hsien 
Taiwan 

Tel: +88 2 8985 3838 

Email: secoroc@ms21.hinet.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

CHASE ENTERPRISE (SIAM) CO LTD 

497 Phrapinklao Road, PO Box 7-67 
Bangyeekhan, Bangplad 
Bangkok 10700 
Thailand 

Tel: +66 2 883 2880 
Email: chase@loxinfo.co.th 

Dealer/Distributor 

KERR 

AUSTRALIA 

FIRE RESPONSE PTY LTD 

PO Box 668 

New South Wales 1730, 

Seven Hills 
Australia 

Contact: Geoff Marchant 

Tel: 0061 02 9838 9044 

Fax: 0061 02 9838 9071 

Email: firemail@fireresponse.com.au 

Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

ON MAN SAFETY EQUIPMENT CO 

6/F Block FI 

Hong Kong Industrial Building 
444-452 Des Voeux Road 
West Hong Kong 
Contact: Micheal Lui 
Tel: 00852 254 72658 
Fax: 00852 254 72674 
Email: miclui@ctimail3.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

NITIN FIRE PROTECTION INDUSTRIES 
LIMITED 

501, Delta, Technology Street 
Hiranandani Gardens, Powai 
Mumbai 400-076, India 
Contact: Vijay Shelar 
Tel: 0091 22 2570 0392 
Fax: 0091 22 2570 1110 
Email: shelarv@nitinfire.com 
Dealer/Distributor 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


83 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


MALAYSIA 

DASAPREM (M) SDN BHD 

10 & 12 Jalan Muara 8/9, 40 000 Shah Alam 

Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia 

Contact: T.D. Murthy 

Tel: 00603 5510 0957 

Fax: 00603 5510 4486 

Email: dasaprem@yahoo.com 

Website: www.dasaprem.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 
PSL 

PO Box 69-028, 1 0 Akatea Road 

Glendene, Auckland, New Zealand 

Contact: Anne Hadfield 

Tel: 0064 9 818 8048 

Fax: 0064 9 818 4484 

Email: anne@firemaster.co.nz 

Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

THE EAST ASIATIC (THAILAND) 

PUBLIC CO LTD - EAC 

1 168/98-100 Lumpini Tower 
33rd Floor, Rama IV Road, Kwang Thungmahamek 
Khet, Sathorn Bangkok 10120, Thailand 
Contact: Patcharaporn S. 

Tel: 0066 2689 5999 
Fax: 0066 2689 5888 
Email: patcharaporn@eac.co.th 
Dealer/Distributor 

KIDDE FIRE 
PROTECTION 

AUSTRALIA 

KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 

Street Address: 

314 Boundary Road, Dingley Vic 3172 
Mailing Address: 

PO Box 682, Braeside Vic 3 1 95 
Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 
Tel: 03 9518 5588 
Fax: 03 9518 5577 
Email: info@angusfire.com.au 
Website: www.angusfire.com.au 
Representative Office 

BRUNEI 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

1 7-01 & 04 Alexandra Point, Singapore 1 1 9958 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven.tan_s_c@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: http://www.kiddeasia.com 

Representative Office 

CHINA 

KIDDE CHINA 

Product Support & Sales Office, 21/F Tower 2 
88 Container Port Road, Hong Kong 
Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager) 
martin.dowson@kidde-china.com 
Tel: 00 852 2334 2388 
Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 
Email: general@kidde-china.com 
Representative Office 

HONG KONG 
KIDDE CHINA 

Product Support & Sales Office, 21/F Tower 2, 

88 Container Port Road, Hong Kong 

Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager) 

martin.dowson@kidde-china.com 

Tel: 00 852 2334 2388 

Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 

Email: general@kidde-china.com 

Representative Office 


INDIA 

KIDDE INDIA LIMITED 

EL 205, TTC Industrial Area 

Mahape 

Navi Mumbai 

400 710, India 

Tel: +91 22 67800100 

Fax: +91 22 27618444 

Email: info@kiddeindia.com 

Website: www.kiddeindia.com 

Representative Office 


NEW ZEALAND 

KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 

Street Address: 

314 Boundary Road 
Dingley Vic 3172 
Mailing Address: 

PO Box 682, Braeside Vic 3 1 95 
Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 
Tel: 03 9518 5588 
Fax: 03 9518 5577 
Email: info@angusfire.com.au 
Website: www.angusfire.com.au 
Representative Office 


INDONESIA 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 119958 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven.tan_s_c@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Representative Office 

JAPAN 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 119958 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven. tan_s_c@kidde-asia. com. sg 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Representative Office 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 119958 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven.tan_s_c@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Representative Office 

MACAU 

KIDDE CHINA 

Product Support & Sales Office 
21/F Tower 2 
88 Container Port Road 
Hong Kong 

Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager) 

martin.dowson@kidde-china.com 

Tel: 00 852 2334 2388 

Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 

Email: general@kidde-china.com 

Representative Office 

MALAYSIA 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 119958 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven. tan_s_c@kidde-asia. com. sg 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Representative Office 


PAPUA NEW GUINEA 
KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 

Street Address: 

314 Boundary Road 
Dingley Vic 3172 
Mailing Address: 

PO Box 682, Braeside Vic 3 1 95 
Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 
Tel: 03 9518 5588 
Fax: 03 9518 5577 
Email: info@angusfire.com.au 
Website: www.angusfire.com.au 
Representative Office 

PHILIPPINES 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 119958 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven.tan_s_c@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Representative Office 

SINGAPORE 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 119958 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven.tan_s_c@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Representative Office 

TAIWAN 

KIDDE CHINA 

Product Support & Sales Office 
21/F Tower 2 
88 Container Port Road 
Hong Kong 

Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager) 

martin.dowson@kidde-china.com 

Tel: 00 852 2334 2388 

Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 

Email: general@kidde-china.com 

Representative Office 

THAILAND 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 119958 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven. tan_s_c@kidde-asia. com. sg 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Representative Office 


84 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


NITTAN 

AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND 

QESS FIRE AND SECURITY 

Quantum Business Park 
Unit 60, 7-9 Percy St. 

Auburn NSW 2144, Australia 
Tel: +61 2 9737 0933 
Email: sales@qess.com.au 
Website: www.nittan.com.au 
Dealer/Distributor 

NOTIFIER/INERTIA 
FIRE SYSTEMS 

AUSTRALIA 

NOTIFIER/INERTIA FIRE SYSTEMS 

Sydney, Australia 
Tel: 61-2-9899-4155 
Fax: 61-2-9899-4156 

Additional Locations: Brisbane, Queensland 
Melbourne, Victoria 

Representative Office 

CHINA 

NOTIFIER CHINA 

Shanghai, China 
Tel: 86-21-5027-2119 
Fax: 86-21-5027-3119 

Representative Office 

HONG KONG 

NOTIFIER HONG KONG 

Kowloon, Hong Kong 
Tel: 852-2730-9090 
Fax: 852-2736-6590 

Representative Office 

INDIA 

NOTIFIER INDIA 

Mumbai, India 
Tel: 852-2730-9090 
Fax: 852-2736-6590 

Representative Office 

Additional Locations in India: New Delhi, Chennai, 
Bangalore, Calcutta, Gurgaon 

SINGAPORE 

NOTIFIER SINGAPORE 

Tel: 65-6271-5503 
Fax: 65-6271-9961 

Representative Office 

TAIWAN 

NOTIFIER TAIWAN 

Taipei, Taiwan 

Tel: 886-2-2245-7248 

Fax: 886-2-2245-0927 

Representative Office 

PPS LTD 

AUSTRALIA 

OPEC SYSTEMS PTY LTD 

3/4 Aquatic Drive, Frenchs Forest 

New South Wales 2086, Australia 

Contact: Peter Murphy 

Tel: +61 2 9453 9077 

Fax: +61 2 9975 7808 

Website: www.opecsystems.com.au 

Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

SAFETECH LIMITED 

Block C Unit 11-12 

17/F, Wah Lok Industrial Centre 

Shan Mei Street, FO Tan, Shatin N.T., Hong Kong 

Contact: Andy Chan 

Tel: +852 2687 4038 

Fax: +852 2684 2784 

Website: www.safetech.com.hk 

Dealer/Distributor 


INDIA/CHINA/SOUTH 
AMERICA/UAE/OMAN/ABU DHABI/SAUDI 
ARABIA/QUATAR/JORDON/IRAN/BAHRAIN 

Mike Vincent, National Account Manager - 
Export Sales 

Protection House, Sherbourne Drive, Tilbrook, 
Milton Keynes, Bucks, ENGLAND MK7 8HX 
Mobile: 07833 575999 

Tel: +44 (0)1908 272240 Fax: +44 (0)1908 371605 
Email: sales@ppsgb.com 
Website: www.ppsgb.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

ISRAEL 

AMOS GAZIT LIMITED 

5 Odem St., Petach-Tikva, P O Box 7700, ISRAEL 

Contact: llan Shalev 

Tel: +972 392 50013 

Fax: +972 392 27766 

Website: www.gazit.co.il 

Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN -TOKYO 

CORNES & COMPANY LIMITED 

F-Nissei Ebisu Building, 16-3, Higashi 3-chome, 

Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150-845, JAPAN 

Contact: Jun Takahashi 

Tel: +81-3-5774-9971 

Fax: +813-5774-9980 

Website: www.cornes.co.jp 

Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN - OSAKA 

CORNES & COMPANY LTD. 

1- 13-40 Nishi Honmachi, Nishi-Ku, 

Osaka 550-0005, JAPAN 
Contact: Tomiko Nomura 

Tel: +81-6-6532-1017 
Fax: +81 665 327749 
Website: www.cornes.co.jp 
Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

GODO ENGINERRING LTD. 

3F, 219-2, Buam-dong, Jongro-gu, Seoul, 

110-817, Korea 
Contact: Koan Namkung 
Tel: 822-396-1522 
Fax: 822-396-1524 
Website: www.godoeng.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

TMR ALAM SDN BHD 

G-9 Impian Kota 

Jalan Kampung Attap 

50460 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 

Contact: Mazlan Omar 

Tel: +60 3227 35200 

Fax: +60 3227 35171 

Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

J S LANGEN AGENCIES LIMITED 

Trading as Wholesafe 

4 Whyte Street, PO Box 40 

Foxton, New Zealand 

Tel: +64 6 363 7311 

Fax: +64 6 363 6948 

Free Phone: (NZ ONLY) 0800 526 436 

Email: judy@wholesafe.co.nz 

Website: www.wholesafe.co.nz 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

FORCE 21 EQUIPMENT PTE LIMITED 

61 Kaki Buki Ave 1 
Shun LI Ind Park 

02- 24 S (41 7943), Singapore 
Contact: Mr Daniel Cheah 
Tel: 0065 6848 4424 

Fax: 0065 6848 4434 
Dealer/Distributor 


NOAH AGENCIES 'N' MARINE 
SERVICES PTE LTD 

43 Kian Teck Drive, Jurong, Singapore 628856 
Tel: +65 6266 0788 
Fax: +65 6266 1042 
Website: www.noah.com.sg 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

NELVEN CO LIMITED 

14F-6 No 76 Sec 1, Fu-Shing S Road, Taipei, 
Taiwan 

Contact: C T Cho 
Tel: +886 22721 9770 
Fax: +886 28773 2047 
Website: www.nelven.com.tw 

Dealer/Distributor 

RESQTEC 

AUSTRALIA 

DELTA FIRE AUSTRALASIA PTY LTD 

PO Box 2 149, Mansfield, Queensland 

4122, Australia 

Contact: Mr Bob Grieve 

Tel: +617 3277 6063 

Fax: +617 3277 6036 

Email: bob@deltafire.com.au 

Dealer/Distributor 

BANGLADESH 

MANIK BROTHERS 

Hai Mansion (3rd Floor) 

9/3 Motijheel Circular Road 
Dhaka - 1000 
Bangladesh 

Contact: Mr A. K. Bhowmick 

Tel: +880-2-71 0-0589/+880-2-7 10-0827 

Fax: +880-2-710-1331 

Dealer/Distributor 

CHINA 

TUNG SHING TRADE DEVELOPMENT 
CO LTD 

Room 1601, Yishang Building, No. 11, Malian 

Road, Guang Wai 100055 Beijing 

Contact: Mr Joseph Yip/Mr Roy Tsoi 

Tel: +86 10 6339 5834 

Fax: +86 10 6328 8649 

Email: info@tungshingfire.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

TUNG SHING TRADE DEVE'L CO LTD 

Suit 906, 9/F, ICBC Tower, 

3 Garden Road 

Central Hong Kong 

Contact: Mr Joseph Yip/Mr Roy Tsoi 

Tel: (852) 2578 6088 

Fax: (852) 2887 6993 

Email: roytsoi@tungshingfire.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

AIR DRIVE EQUIPMENTS CO PVT LTD 

Aman Chambers, 1 13, New Queens' Road 

PO. Box 3695, 400 004 Mumbai 

India 

Contact: MrVinod Bhojania 

Tel: +91 2223678689 

Fax: +91 2223675229/+9 2223639163 

Email: airdrive@vsnl.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

PT LAVINTA BUANA SAKTI 

Komplek Rukan Puri Kencana 
Block K7 No. 3e, Jakarta 11610 
Indonesia 

Contact: Ms G. Any Nurcahyanti, Se 
Tel: +6-2215823570 
Fax: +6-2215826676 
Email: lavinta@cbn.net. id 

Dealer/Distributor 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


85 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


JAPAN 

Z-PRODUCE COMPANY 

6-3-17, Tanimachi Chuo - Ku 

542-0012 Osaka City, Japan 

Contact: Mr Satoru Hayashi 

Tel: +816-6-768-9700 

Fax: +81 6-6-762-4837/+886-3-322-3908 

Email: info@zumro-pro.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

DAE RYU K TECH CO 

(4X4 KOREA) 

#BA-1 21 2 Chung-Ang, Circulation Complex 

1258 Kuro-Dong, Kuro-Gu, Seoul 152-721, Korea 

Contact: Mr Sung Dong, Kim 

Tel: +82-2-2625 5060 

Fax: +82-2-2625 5535 

Email: top@1 19rescue.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

PAKISTAN 

HASEEN HABIB CORPORATION (PVT) 
LTD 

27, Nicholson Rd, Lahore 54000, Pakistan 

Contact: Mr Ata-ur-Rahman Barry 

Tel: (042) 636 7222 

Fax: (042) 636 8855/(042) 637 4041 

Email: barry@firechief.com. pk 

Dealer/Distributor 

PHILIPPINES 

BOSTON HOME INC SUPPLY 

168, Apo St, Sta. Mesa, Heights 
Quezon City, Philipines 1100 
Contact: Bernard Tiongson 
Tel: +632-4123726 
Fax: +632-4150130 
Email: boston@pldtdsl.net 
Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

BOSS MOTOR CO LTD 

No. 10, Alley 8, Lane 227, 4 Sec. 

Chang Hsing Rd., Lu Chu Shiang 
Taoyuan (338) Taiwan. R.O.C. 

Contact: Mr F. T. Chen 

Tel: +886-3-3118199 

Fax: +886-3-322-3908 

Email: boss.motor@msa.hinet.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

ROYAL EN-TECH CO LTD 

88, Phichai Road Dusit, Bangkok 10300 
Contact: Mr Somphop Kongdej-Adisak/Mr Phichit 
Thinsantisuk 

Tel: +662-6691 1 91 -3/+662-243621 5-7 
Fax: +662-241 1 839/+662-24301 05 
Email: royalent@ksc.th.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

VIETNAM 

HIEPHOA EQUIPMENT OF 
ENVIRONMENT AND TRADING CO LTD 

1 1 , Nguyen Chi Thanh, Dong Da Dist., 

Hanoi, Vietnam 

Contact: Ms Minh Phuong/Mr Trung 

Tel: +84 4 7731961 

Fax: +84 4 773 1 962/+84 4 7734553 

Email: minhphuong0603@gmail.com/ 

hiephoa@hn.vnn.vn 

Dealer/Distributor 

SAGE 

TECHNOLOGIES 

JAPAN 

COMTEC COMPANY 

Tokyo 202-0023 
Japan 

Tel: +81 4 22 72 1199 

Dealer/Distributor 


SECURITON AG 

AUSTRALIA 

AUSTRALIAN FIRE ENTERPRISES (AFE) 

PO Box 7027, Mannering Park, 

NSW 2259, Australia 
Contact: Mr Mike Donegan 
Tel: 61 2 43 592 244 
Fax: 61 2 43 593 301 
Email: aidrs@ozemail.com.au 
Dealer/Distributor 

CHINA 

SECURITON AG, ALARM AND 
SECURITY SYSTEMS 

Alpenstrasse 20 
CH-3052 Zollikofen/Berne 
Contact: Claudia Flueckiger 
Tel: +41 31 910 13 21 
Fax: +41 31 910 16 16 
Email: claudia. flueckiger@securiton.ch 
Website: www.securiton.ch 
Representative Office 

SHANGHAI ZHENYE INDUSTRY CO. LTD 

No, 3 221 Cao Bao L 
Shanghai 200233 

Contact: Mr Jack Shen, Mr Lin Tang 
Tel: +86 21 6451 2922/2933 
Fax: +86 21 6451 9955 
Email: syl 1 99@1 63.com 
Website: www.shzhenye.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

YIU WAH (KOGARAH) CO LTD 

Room 901, 9th Floor 
No 1 1 3 Argyle Street, 

Mongkok, Kowloon 
Hong Kong 

Contact: Mr Raymond Ng 
Tel: +852 2781 1384 
Fax: +852 2782 6652 
Email: ywk@ywk.com. hk 
Website: www.ywk.com.hk 
Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

VIMAL FIRE CONTROLS PVT LTD 

19/20 Vardhaman Service Industrial Estate, 

L.B.S. Marg, IN-400083 Vikhroii (West) 

Mumbai, India 
Contact: Mr Vijay Doshi 
Tel: +91 22 2578 3335 
Fax: +91 22 2578 3338 
Email: vijay@vimalfire.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

ROYAL INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY 
CORPORATION 

Royal Building, 3rd Floor 
840-5 Yeoksam-Dong 
Kangnam-Ku 
Seoul, Korea 
Contact: Mr J.S. Chung 
Tel: +82 2 567 8881 
Fax: +82 2 567 8831 
Email: jschung@ritco.co.kr 
Website: www.ritco.co.kr 
Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

FITTERS HOLDING BHD 

Lot 2221, Kg. Jaya Industrial Area 
MY-47000 Sg. Buloh Selangor 
Malaysia 

Contact: Mr Richard Wong 

Tel: +60 3 61 57 61 99 

Fax: +60 3 6157 0801 

Email: chankokhoe@fittersgroup.com 

Website: www.fittersgroup.com 

Dealer/Distributor 


SECURITON AG, REPRESENTATIVE 
OFFICE ASIA 

No. 19A, Lorong Rahim Kajai 13 
Taman Tun Dr. Ismail 
MY-60000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 
Contact: Mr Lewis Chong 
Tel: +60 3 7725 1699 
Fax: +60 3 7725 1677 
Email: asia@securiton.com. my 
Website: www.securiton.ch 
Representative Office 

TAIWAN 

ATLAS TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION 

22F, No 1 Bausheng Road, Yunghe City, Taipei 
Taiwan 234, R.O.C. 

Contact: Mr David Liu 

Tel: +886 2 223 20 556 

Fax: +886 2 223 16 657 

Email: david@atlasgroup.com.tw 

Website: www.atlasgroup.com.tw 

Dealer/Distributor 

GICTEC INTERNATIONAL COMPUTING 
CO LTD 

No. 49 Goang Shi Road, Kaohsiung, Taiwan R.O.C. 

Contact: Mr Franco Lee 

Tel: +886 7 71 5 4285 

Fax: +886 7 715 4401 

Email: Iic@ms9.hinet.net 

Website: www.gictec.com.tw 

Dealer/Distributor 

UNIVERSAL PATH DEVELOPMENT 
CORPORATION (UPDC) 

9F-1 306, Sec. 1 , NeiHu Road, Taipei 
Taiwan R.O.C. 

Contact: Mr Terry Chung 
Tel: +886 2 8751 6055 
Fax: +886 2 8751 6053 
Email: tchung@updc.com.tw 
Website: www.updc.com.tw 
Dealer/Distributor 

TASK FORCE TIPS, INC. 

AUSTRALIA 

GAAM EMERGENCY PRODUCTS 

29 Temple Dr., 

PO Box 21 1 Thomastown, Victoria, 3074, Australia 

Tel: +61 3 9466 1244 

Fax: 61 3 9466 4743 

Email: bkincade@tycoint.com 

Website: www.gaam.com.au 

Dealer/Distributor 

CHINA 

SHANGHAI JINDE INDUSTRY 
DEVELOPMENT CO LTD 

Room 610, 1 Lane 50, Xin Cun Road 

Shanghai, 200065, China 

Tel: +86 21-360-50599 

Fax: +86 21-360-55599 

Email: jmgushon@online.sh.cn 

Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

ROTTER INTERNATIONAL LIMITED 

Unit A G/F. Hung To Road 

6-8 Hung To Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong 

Tel: 85227517770 

Fax: 85227562051 

Email: jacky@rotter.com.hk 

Dealer/Distributor 

UNIVERSAL CARS LIMITED 

UCL House, 374-380 Castle Peak Road 

Tsuen Wan, N.T., Hong Kong 

Tel: +852 2414 0231 

Fax: +852 2413 6063 

Email: andrewplh@simedarby.com. hk 

Website: www.mitsubishi-motors.com.hk 

Dealer/Distributor 


86 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


INDIA 

FOREMOST TECHNICO PVT LIMITED 

M-1, Green Park Extension 
New Delhi 110016, India 
Tel: +91 (11) 2619 6997 
Fax: +91 (11) 2616 6961 
Dealer/Distributor 
Mumbai Resi. /Office: 

803, 8th Floor, Bldg. No. 23 C, Opp. 

Jalvayu Vihar, Hiranandani Gardens, Powai, 
Mumbai - 400 076 
Email: info@tca.co.in 
Website: www.tca.co.in 

INDONESIA 

PT PALMAS ENTRACO 

Jl. Krekot 85, Jakarta-Pusat, Indonesia 
Tel: +62 (21) 384 1681 
Fax: +62 (21) 380 2660 
Email: ptpalmas@attglobal.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN 

YONE CORPORATION 

23, Nishinakaai-Cho 

Nishinokyo, Nakagyo-Ku, Kyoto 604, Japan 

Tel: +81 (7) 582-11185 

Fax: +81 (7) 580-12263 

Email: t.yone@myad.jp 

Website: www.yone-co.co.jp 

Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

SHILLA FIRE CO LTD 

433-1 1 Non Hon-Dong 

Nam Dong-Gu, Inchon City 405-300, South Korea 

Tel: +82-02-3665 9011 

Fax: +82-02-3663 9113 

Email: kofire77@hotmail.com 

Website: www.firekorea.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

CME EDARAN SDN BHD 

Lot 19, Jalan Delima 1/1 
Subang Hi-Tech industrial Park 
Batu Tiga, 4000 Shah Alam 
Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia 
Tel: +60 (3) 56331 188 
Fax: +60 (3) 56343838 
Email: simon. tan@cme.com. my 
Dealer/Distributor 

PHILIPPINES 

ALLIANCE INDUSTRIAL SALES 

Unit 109 Cluster 3 

Makati Prime City, 7708 St. Paul Rd. 

Brgy San Antonio, Makati City, Philippines 

Tel: +63 (2) 897-2037 

Fax: +63 (2) 896-0083 

Email: alliance8_jcy@pacific.net.ph 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

S.K. FIRE PTE LTD 

8 Tuas Drive 2 

Singapore 638643, Singapore 
Tel: +65 6862 3155 
Fax: +65 6862 0273 
Email: houchin@skfire.com 
Website: www.skfire.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

YONE CORPORATION 

23, Nishinakaai-Cho, Nishinokyo 
Nakagyo-Ku, Kyoto 604, Japan 
Tel: +81 (7) 582-11185 
Fax: +81 (7) 580-12263 
Email: t.yone@myad.jp 
Website: www.yone-co.co.jp 
Dealer/Distributor 


THAILAND 

ANTI-FIRE, CO. LTD 

316-316/1 Sukhumvit 22 Rd 
Klongtoey Klongtoey 
Bangkok, 101 10 Thailand 
Tel: 6622596898 
Fax: 6622582422 
Email: sithichai@antifire.com 
Website: www.antifire.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

SEAT PATTAYA CO LTD 

138/74, 18th Floor, Jewellery Centre, 

Nares Road, Siphraya, Bangrak 
Bangkok 10500, Thailand 
Tel: +66 (2) 267 3273 
Fax: +66 (2) 267-3280 
Email: pongpen@loxinfo.co.th 
Dealer/Distributor 

TRELLEBORG 

SINGAPORE 

TRELLEBORG HERCULES PTE LTD 

(Trelleborg Protective Products) 

4 Jalan Pesawat, Singapore 61 9362 

Contact: Trevor Peh 

Tel: +65 6262 1664 

Fax: +65 6265 9853 

Email: Trevor.Peh@trelleborg.com 

Website: www.trelleborg.com/protective 

Representative Office 

TYCO FIRE & 
SECURITY 

INDONESIA 

TYCO FIRE & SECURITY 

Pt. ODG Wormald Indonesia 

Jl . Let Jen. TB. Simatupang no. 1 50 B 

Tanjung Barat, Jagakarsa, Jakarta, 12530 

Representative Office 

VETROTECH 

JAPAN 

SAINT-GOBAIN HANGLAS 
(JAPAN) K.K. 

6F/L Saint-Gobain Bldg 
3-7, Kojimachi, Chiyoda-Ku 
J-Tokyo 1 02-0083 
Contact: Mr Sadahiro Inada 
Tel: +81 3 5275 08 63 
Fax: +81 3 5275 0913 

Email: infoVSGJ.vetrotech@saint-gobain.com 
Website: www.vetrotech.com 

Representative Office 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

HANKUK PROCESSED GLASS INC 

585-14, Gajwa-Dong 

Incheon, 404-250, Seo-Gu, Seoul/South Korea 

Contact: Mr Jung Soo Park 

Tel: +82 32 580 04 07 

Fax: +82 32 579 04 30 

Email: jspark@hanglas.co.kr 

Website: www.hanglas.co.kr 

Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

ADAMS STEELGUARD LTD 

137 Sunnybrae Rd. 

Glenfield, Auckland 
New Zealand 

Contact: Mr Graeme Knowles 

Tel: 649-443-2722 

Fax: 649-443-7877 

Email: graeme@steelguard.co.nz 

Website: www.steelguard.co.nz 

Dealer/Distributor 


SINGAPORE 

SAINT-GOBAIN (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD 

1 5 Beach Road, 

#04-01 Beach Centre 

Singapore 189677 

Contact: Mr Elsen Chan 

Tel: +65 63372276 

Fax: +65 63372247 

Email: Elsen.chan@saint-gobain.com 

Website: www.saint-gobain.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

INEX BUILDING MATERIALS & 
INSTALLATION CO LTD 

4F. No. 219, Sec. 1 
Tunhwa S. Rd. 

Taipei, Taiwan 

Contact: Mr William Chen 

Tel: 886-2-2740 3475 

Fax: 886-2-2740 3479 

Email: inex@ms36.hinet.net 

Website: www.inex.twmail.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

WOLF SAFETY LAMP 

AUSTRALIA 

WHYTE-HALL (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTD 

Unit 2, 81-83 Station Road 
Seven Hills, NSW 2147 
Australia 

Contact: Matthew MacRae 
Tel: +612 9838 4420 
Fax: +612 9838 4460 
Email: info@whyte-hall.com 
Website: www.whyte-hall.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN 

PLUS ALPHA CORPORATION 

5-9-12-608 Magamoto Minami-Ku 

Saitama City 

Saitama 

336-0033 Japan 
Contact: Mr R Hashimoto 
Tel: +81 48 865 7784 
Fax: +81 48 865 7784 
Email: p-alpha@nifty.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

DAE MYUNG CORP 

368-1 Gupyeong-Dong 
Saha-Gu, Pusan 
Korea 

Contact: Mr Jung Won Lee 
Tel: +82 51 261 0035 
Fax: +82 51 264 0081 
Email: daemyung@kornet.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

WINDSOR MARINE PTE LTD 

28 Joo Koon Circle 

Singapore 629057 

Contact: Mr Michael Lim 

Tel: +65 6349 1930 

Fax: +65 6778 6882 

Email: winmar01@singnet.com.sg 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

POLICO INTERNATIONAL CORP 

3F, No. 43 Fuguo Road (Shin-Lin) 

Taipei 

Taiwan 

Contact: MrC.T. Huang 
Tel: +8862 8866 1003 
Fax: +88862 8866 5479 
Email: bbb8@ms18.hinet.net 

Dealer/Distributor 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


87 


SUBSCRIPTIONS 


MAGAZINI 

GET YOUR SUBSCRIPTION NOW!! 



APF IS PUBLISHED 4 TIMES A YEAR 
- MARCH, JUNE, SEPTEMBER 
AND DECEMBER 


Name:_ 


Company/Organisation: 
Address: 


Telephone: 
Fax: 


E-mail: 


i 


Start Subscription from Issue: 


Subscription Rates: Sterling £35.00 AUS Dollars - $100.00 
US Dollars -$70.00 

Back Issues: US $8.00 or £5.00 each inclusive of P&P 
(subject to availability) 


Website Subscription: 
Cheque: 


METHODS OF PAYMENT: 

www.mdmpublishing.com 


MDM Publishing Ltd. 


Visa/Mastercard No: 
Expiry Date: 


MDM Publishing Ltd . 

The Abbey Manor Business Centre , The Abbey Preston Road, 
Yeovil , Somerset BA20 2EN, United Kingdom 


i 


ADVERTISERS' INDEX 


Ansul, Inc. OBC 

Bauer Compressors Asia Pte Ltd. 09 

Bio-Ex 25 

Bristol Uniforms Ltd. 33 

BW Technologies 70 

Chemetron Fire Systems IBC 

Dafo Fomtec 1 5 

Draeger Safety Asia Pte Ltd. 20 

Dr. Sthamer Flamburg 23 

Du Pont FE 04 

Du Pont Surface Protection Solutions 19 

E2V Technologies 29 

Elkhart Brass Mfg Co Inc 56 

Fire Fighting Enterprises 64 

Firetrace International 51 

GB Solo Ltd. 60 

Helmet Integrated Systems Ltd. 35 

Holmatro Rescue Equipment 73 

Honeywell Fire Systems 49 

International Water Mist Conference 06 

Kidde Fire Protection 42 

Lancier Hydraulik Co. KG 67 

NFPA 76 

Nittan UK Ltd. 46 

Plastika Akrapovic 30 

PPS Ltd. 28 

Resqtec Zumro Asia Sdn Bhd 64 

Sage Technologies Ltd. 09 

Securiton AG 49 

Sicor Spa 37 

Solberg Scandinavian 15 

Task Force Tips, Inc. IFC 

Texas A & M Emergency Services Training 

Institute 25 

Trelleborg Protective Products 26 

Tyco Safety Products - Skum 75 

Vetrotech Saint Gobain International AG 38 

Wolf Safety Lamp Company 1 5 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


88 


2007 



ECHNICALSUPPOR 


*\W FM-200® 
3M™ NOVEC™ 1 


C0 2 HIGH & LOW PRES 


ATER MIST 


RGONITE 


Your Single 


A UTC Fire & Securit 


Property and the Environment 


Chemetron Integrated Fire Suppression Systems 


Across borders and across industries, 
Chemetron is the single source solution. 


Chemetron combines fire suppression 
systems and technical expertise, 
which afford the extra 
measure of safety and 
reliability for any 


facility - anywhere. 


Contact us today to learn more about Chemetron system solutions! 


Our products meet NFPA and Selected Global Standards, as well as being UL Listed and FM Approved. 


ource Solution 


Company 


For further information, please contact us: 

4801 Southwick Drive, 3rd Floor 

Matteson, IL 60443 USA 

Phone: +1 708.748.1503 Fax: +1 708.748.2847 

Website: www.chemetron.com 

E-mail: info@chemetron.com 

FM-200 is a Registered Trademark 
of Great Lakes Chemical Corporation 
3M and Novec are trademarks of 3M Company. 







OFFSHORE/MARINE 


AVIATION 


MANUFACTURING 


tijca 


For that matter, advanced ANSUL Firefighting Foams protect flammable liquids wherever they are 
manufactured, stored, dispensed, processed or transported. Every ANSUL foam — AFFF, AR-AFFF, 
High- Expansion, flouroprotein and protein — is the result of extensive research, development and testing 
at the ANSUL Fire Technology Center. Our concentrates are tested to international standards and 
specifications. And ANSUL foam is delivered through a wide range of portable and fixed foam systems, 
generators, proportioning equipment and discharge devices. 


ANSUL Firefighting Foams. No matter how you spell it, it comes out P-R-O-T-E-C-T-l-O-N. 


www.ansulinfo.com/apfire 


Innovative Fire Solutions 


JUST A FEW OF THE PLACES ANSUL® FOAM MAKES PERFECT SENSE. 


FUEL STORAGE/HANDLING 





FIRE & 
RESCUE 

ASIA 2007 


Suntec Singapore • Level 4 • 31 October - 02 November 2007 


’U*An MDM PUBLICATION 
Issue 23 - September 2007 


www.mdmpublishing.com 


MAGAZINE 


PACIFIC 




l/min Where You Want It! 


LPFOteoGotr 

Mfl®0D fcoooto 

Flow 4500 l/min 
with or without foam 


600 - 8000 l/min 
Fixed, Selectable or Automatic 


or Huiomauc 


2800 East Evans Avenue, Valparaiso, IN 46383-6940 USA 
International +1.219.548.4000 • www.tft.com • intsales@tft.com 



AUSTRALIA 

Gaam Emergency Products-AU 
Phone: 61394661244 
Fax : 61394664743 
iprice@tycoint.com 
www.gaam.com.au 


CHINA 

Shanghai Jin De Industry 
Phone: 862136050599 
Fax: 862136055599 
sjinde@163.com 
www.sjinde.com 




HONG KONG 

Rotter International Ltd. 
Phone: 85227517770 
Fax: 85227562051 
jacky@rotter.com. hk 
www.rotterbiz.com 


INDONESIA 

Pt Palmas Entraco 
Phone: 6221384 1681 
Fax: 6221380 2660 
sales@palmas.co.id 



JAPAN 

Yone Corporation 
Phone: 81758211185 
Fax: 81758012263 
t.yone@myad.jp 
www.yone-co.co.jp 


MALAYSIA 

CME Technologies SDN BHD 
Phone: 60356331188 
Fax: 60356343838 
khairi@cme.com. my 
www.cme.com.my 


NEW ZEALAND 

Tyco Safety Products 
Phone: 6445608127 
Fax: 6498270844 
tsp.sales.nz@tycoint.com 
www.tycoservices.co.nz 


PHILIPPINES 

Alliance Industrial Sales 
Phone: 6328908818 
Fax: 6328960083 
alliance8Jcy@pacific.net.ph 


* 


SINGAPORE 

S.K. Fire Pte. Ltd. 
Phone: 6568623155 
Fax : 6568620273 
houchin@skfire.com 
www.skfire.com 


For excellent quality fire fighting equipment visit www.tft.com and call your local distributor for a demonstration. 
Display equipment, literature and digital data can be obtained by contacting your trained TFT distributor. 


SOUTH KOREA 

Shilla Fire Co., Ltd. 
Phone: 820236659011 
Fax: 820236639113 
kofire77@hotmail.com 
www.firekorea.com 



TAIWAN 

Yone Corporation 
Phone: 81758211185 
Fax: 81758012263 
t.yone@myad.jp 
www.yone-co.co.jp 


THAILAND 

Anti-fire Co., Ltd. 
Phone: 66 2 259-6898 
Fax: 66 2 258-2422 
sithichai@antifire.com 
www.antifire.com 


FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT 











September 2007 
issue 23 



Front Cover Picture: South Korean rescue 
workers check the subway train destroyed by 
a fire at a subway station in Taegu, about 
320 km (200 miles) southeast of Seoul, 
February 18, 2003. A South Korean fire rescue 
official said that there were about 100 more 
bodies in a burned subway car after a 
suspected arson attack on a underground 
train in the South Korean city of Taegu. 

Picture courtesy of REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Floon 
KKH/FA 


Publishers 

Mark Seton & David Staddon 

Editorial Contributors 

John Allen, Michael Mills, Wes 
Sheridan, Larry Digney, Sarah Ursulan, 
Jack Kusters, Mike Willson, Mark 
Conron, James Shipman 

APF is published quarterly by: 

MDM Publishing Ltd 
The Abbey Manor Business Centre, 
The Abbey, Preston Road, Yeovil, 
Somerset BA20 2EN, United Kingdom 
Tel: +44 (0) 1935 426 428 
Fax: +44 (0) 1935 426 926 
Email: mark.seton@apfmag.com 
Website: www.mdmpublishing.com 

©All rights reserved 


Periodical Postage paid at 
Champlain New York and 
additional offices 
POSTMASTER: Send address 
changes to IMS of New York, 

PO Box 1518 

Champlain NY 12919-1518 
USAUSPS No. (To be confirmed) 


Subscription Rates 

Sterling - £35.00 

AUS Dollars- $100.00 

US Dollars -$70.00 

(Prices include Postage and Packing) 

ISSN - 1476-1386 

DISCLAIMER: 

The views and opinions expressed in 
ASIA PACIFIC FIRE MAGAZINE are not 
necessarily those of MDM Publishing Ltd. 
The magazine and publishers are in no 
way responsible or legally liable for any 
errors or anomalies made within the 
editorial by our authors. All articles 
are protected by copyright and written 
permission must be sought from the 
publishers for reprinting or any form of 
duplication of any of the magazines 
content. Any queries should be addressed 
in writing to the publishers. 

Reprints of articles are available on request. 
Prices on application to the Publishers. 

Page design by Dorchester 
Typesetting Group Ltd 
Printed in Singapore 






Contents 


05 


NFPA Foreword 


07-16 News, 

Product Profiles, 
Reviews & Viewpoints 

19-21 Gaseous 

Suppression Systems 
and The Environmental 
Challenge 


47-51 Hydraulic 

Rams versus Lifting 
Bags 


53-58 New Fire 

Protection Technology 
for LNG Hazards 


67-70 Fixed 

installation Firewater 
Pump Packages 


72-79 Distributor & 

Representative Office 
Listing 


41-44 


80 


Advertisers' index 


67-70 


23-26 The 

Evolution of the Foam 
Top Pourer 

29-32 The Future of 

Thermal imaging 
Technology 

35-38 New 

Technology SCBA - A 
Giant Step Forward 

41-44 Don't Learn 

by Accident: The 
importance of Training 


35-38 


61-65 Mass Decon 
Techniques and 
Concerns 


61-65 


19-21 


23-26 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


1 








www.mdmpu 



Introducing our 

INCORPORATING 

ifpmag.com 



apfmag.com 

iffmag.com 

And much, 

THERE IS NO 


MDM Publishing Ltd, The Abbey Manor Business Centre, 

Tel: +44 (0) 1935 426 428 


www.mdmpublishing.com 


b I i s h i n g 

Hi-Tech Portal 

FEATURING 

VIRTUAL ELECTRONIC MAGAZINES 
LIVE REAL PAGE TURNING SOFTWARE 
FULL PDF FILE DOWNLOADS 
LIVE LINKS 

FULL VIRTUAL ARCHIVE OF BACK ISSUES 

much more . . . 

COMPARISON 


.com 



The Abbey, Preston Road, Yeovil, Somerset BA20 2EN, UK 
Fax: +44 (0) 1935 426 926 


www.mdmpublishing.com 




You protect your building from a number of 
threats— lawsuits, theft, system failures. 

But how do you protect it from a devastating fire? 


Commercial building fires can be devastating— and not all businesses survive 
the loss of equipment and productivity. That’s why the best building designs depend 
upon the added protection of DuPont clean agent fire extinguishants. By limiting the 
spread of fire— even before conventional sprinkler response— the complete line of 
DuPont clean agents offers the best protection and best sustainable fire suppression 
solution for people, valuable assets and the environment. 

DuPont Fire Extinguishants. The Science of Protection ". 
cleanagents.dupont.com 



The miracles of science" 


Copyright © 2007 DuPont. The DuPont Oval Logo, DuPont", The miracles of science ", The Science of Protection ", FE-25 ", FE-36", and FE-227 " 
are trademarks or registered trademarks of E.l. du Pont de Nemours and Company or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 





FOREWORD 




Foreword 


NFPA code training 


By Olga Caledonia 

Executive Director 
International 
Operations, NFPA 


As I travel around the world, the question I get asked the most is, how can I get 
access to NFPA code training? Surprisingly, the answer is very simple, NFPA's 
Online seminars! 


M odern communication technology, especi- 
ally the Internet, has made it possible for 
information to be brought forth from any 
country and disseminated almost instantly all over 
the globe. Most importantly, it offers the promise 
of greater advances than ever before in the 
development and application of technologies and 
practices that save lives and protect property. 

NFPA began offering online learning programs 
in early 2003 and to date over 12,000 industry 
professionals have registered for various programs. 
We offer four certificate programs: Fire Alarm 
Fundamentals, Automatic Sprinkler Systems, Elec- 
trical Installations in Hazardous Locations, and Fire 
and Life Safety in Health Care Occupancies. These 
four major programs segment into various individ- 
ual modules. Participants can take any or all of 
these programs to suit their learning needs. For 
example, the Automatic Sprinkler System Certifi- 
cate Courses include modules such as: Sprinkler 
design, Deluge and Pre-action systems, Dry-Pipe 
Systems and Sprinkler components to name a few. 
Each segment can be learned individually. Also, we 
offer additional online programs in Flammable 
Liquids (three modules), Fire Extinguishers at 
Work, and Terrorist Awareness for First 
Responders. A complete description and listing of 
the programs can be found at www.nfpawbt.org. 

Learners can sign up for one or more programs 
and have up to 90 days to complete them so it is a 
great way to learn at your own pace. Throughout 
each program, learners are challenged to check their 


knowledge and understanding of the information. 
Since Online Learning is self-paced and internet 
accessible, learners can work with it just about any- 
where they have a computer and connectivity. For 
this reason, remote technical professionals, overseas 
and international individuals, and others who are 
time-limited can also get the advanced technical 
training they need to advance their professional 
capability and their careers. We recently received 
feedback from an online subscriber from Karachi, 
Pakistan who signed up for the Fire and Life Safety 
in Healthcare Occupancies certificate program 
noting the importance of the course as he contin- 
ues to build a career as a hospital safety officer. 

There is tremendous commitment from the 
people in our industry. Despite the diversity of 
people around the world, I realized what a small 
world we have become. NFPA receives weekly 
inquiries from people across the globe: from the 
Americas and Caribbean, to the Middle East and 
throughout Asia. Many of these questions are 
regarding how our online learning works, which 
programs are right for them, how do they can 
access the content, and a variety of other 
matters. What surprises all online learning 
customers is the speed and detail of the answers 
they receive. NFPA makes it a point that no matter 
where in the world they live, they get a prompt 
and welcoming response. To us, that is simple 
professional courtesy and what our members and 
customers rightfully expect. We are honored to be 
an internationally trusted learning partner. 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


5 


One of the few places in the world 
without a MAGIRUS ladder. 


In order to find a region where there are no MAGIRUS turntable 
ladders, you have to search for a very long time. Around the globe, 
over 6,000 of our ladders are in service: on all continents, in urban 
centres and rural areas, both large and small fire brigades. World- 
wide, this number is without equal - and our most convincing refe- 
rence.You want to know more? Any time, any place, with pleasure. 


IVECO 

MAGIRUS 


IVECO MAGIRUS Brandschutztechnik GmbH 
Graf-Arco-Strasse 30 • 89079 Ulm 
Fax +49 (0) 731/408-24 10 
www.iveco-magirus.de • magirus@iveco.com 





NEWS 


The New PSS 7000 - Revolutionary 
Breathing Apparatus from Draeger Safety 



and doffing, and the shoulder pads and 
waistbelt both feature a new quick release 
mechanism for easy maintenance. As an 
added benefit, the new hose sleeves on 
the shoulder harness are covered with 
reflective material to increase visibility and, 
at the same time, provide additional hose 
protection and minimise the risk of 
snagging. 

Also featuring 3-point height 
adjustment, the lightweight, high strength 
carbon composite back plate incorporates 
further integral hose channels to eliminate 
snagging and offer improved protection. 
Large carrying handles have also been 
integrated for better handling and safety, 
and a new slide and swivel waistbelt 
mechanism ensures correct positioning on 
the body during donning. The first stage 
pressure reducer has also been fitted with 
a quick release mechanism for easy 
maintenance. 


Forming part of a revolutionary, complete 
system solution from DRAEGER SAFETY, 
the new Draeger PSS 7000 Breathing 
Apparatus (BA) has been specifically 
designed with the needs of firefighters in 
mind. Developed by professionals for use in 
even the most hostile of environments, this 
innovative set boasts advanced technology 
as well as a modular design. Enabling the 
set to be easily and quickly configured to 
suit different operational requirements, it 
also provides seamless integration with 
facemasks, head protection and 
communications equipment. 

Easily upgraded to meet future needs, 
the Draeger PSS 7000 is the latest 
development in Draeger's ongoing 
commitment to the provision of world 
class breathing apparatus and incorporates 
tried and tested pneumatics as well as the 
most advanced materials. Bringing greater 
confidence to users by combining the very 
best ergonomics with reliability, durability 
and safety, it also offers easy care and 
maintenance. In addition, the Draeger PSS 
7000 combines a wide range of features 
to maximise comfort and minimise both 
stress and fatigue, and is ideal for use with 
personal monitoring and/or telemetry 
systems. 

The new harness, for example, features 
advanced compression moulded 
comfortable padding that combines high 
temperature performance with exceptional 
wear resistance. A high grip, anti-slip 
surface ensures that the harness stays in 
position and the set remains secure on the 
body, whilst a quick release mechanism on 
both the waistbelt and shoulder harness 
allows quick and easy detachment for easy 


cleaning and maintenance. 

Adjustable and robust, the new heavy 
duty stainless steel strap buckles ensure 
long life and easy operation when donning 


For more information, please contact: 
Draeger Safety Asia Pte Ltd. 

Tel: +65 6773 9288 

Email: dsa.singapore@draeger.com 


Elkhart Brass Expands Unibody 
Electric valve warranty 


New Industry Leading 
10-year Controller, Motor 
and Valve Warranty 

ELKHART BRASS continues to lead the category 
in innovations with the announcement they are 
expanding the existing 1 0-year valve warranty 
to include the controller and the electric motor. 

"The improvements we have made in 
research, design, manufacturing and testing 
over the last few years have lead to building 
the highest quality waterflow systems in the 
industry. These improvements drove this new, 
expanded warranty and prove the confidence 
we have in our Unibody Electric Valve 
product," stated Don Sjolin, Marketing Director 
for Elkhart Brass. 

The 1 0-year warranty now covers all valve 
related electric components, including the 
controller, the motor, and the sensor(s). The 
warranty is the most comprehensive and 
longest warranty on electric waterflow 
components in the industry. 

"We are on a mission to increase acceptance 
of electric valves in the industry. The new 
Unibody Electric Valve system provides critical 
pressure and flow data in the cab and/or at the 
pump panel. More accurate control and 
knowledge of waterflow improves safety. This 



warranty is just one of the ways we are helping 
to change current electric valve perceptions 
with the ultimate goal of improving firefighter 
safety," stated Don Sjolin. 

The new warranty takes effect immediately 
on the Unibody Electric Valve system. 

For more information, please contact: 
Elkhart Brass, Inc. 

Email: dsjolin@elkhartbrass.com 
Website: www.elkhartbrass.com 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


7 




SHOW PREVIEW 


Safety Security 

Asia 2007 


About Conference & 
Exhibition Management 
Services (CEMS) 

Since its establishment in 
1980, CEMS has been a 
regional organiser with 
global perspective. It is a key 
player in the Meeting, 
Incentive, Convention and 
Exhibition (MICE) industry, 
with a vast knowledge and 
experience in organising and 
managing exhibitions, 
conferences and special 
events for government 
agencies, associations and 
private enterprises. With its 
business activities span in 
many countries in ASEAN 
region, China, India and 
Pakistan, CEMS' portfolio of 
exhibitions includes the 
Apparel Asia, YAFA Asia, 
Enviro Asia, The Singapore 
International Jewelry Show 
and Beijing International 
Tourism Expo. CEMS was the 
first professional conference 
and exhibition organiser to 
obtain the ISO 9002 
certification in October 1997. 
In all, CEMS has been 
involved in more than 200 
major conventions and 
exhibitions since 1977. For 
more information on CEMS, 
please visit 
www.cems.com.sg 


For further enquiries , kindly 
contact: 

Mr Derick Ding 

Exhibition Manager 
Conference & Exhibition 
Management Services 
Tel: (65) 6278 8666 
Hp: (65) 9692 1122 
Fax: (65) 6278 4077 
Email: derick@cems.com. sg 

Mr Michael Ng 

Associate, i BRAND 
Tel: (65) 6222 8968 
Hp: (65) 90286757 
Fax: (65) 6222 8969 
Email: 

michael@ibrand.com.sg 


Your Gateway to Southeast Asia’s 
Security industry 

From the 31st of October to 2nd November 2007, leading event organizer, 
Conference & Management Exhibition Services (CEMS) will be holding the 9th 
Safety & Security Asia 2007 (SSA) at the Suntec Singapore International 
Convention & Exhibition Centre. 


T he main event for security professionals this 
year will also incorporate the 7th Fire & Res- 
cue Asia 2007 (FRA) and the 2nd Homeland 
Security Asia 2007 (HSA). These exhibitions will 
feature breakthroughs in advanced technological 
safety & security equipment and devices, intelli- 
gent systems, fire prevention management and 
products. 

SSA, held once every two years for the last 
18 years, has been positioned as a hub for 
regional security professionals and has attracted 
thousands of visitors more than half of which 
comes from regional countries like Malaysia, 
Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam and Philippines. 

A series of other events, conference and 
seminars will be held concurrently during the 
exhibitions, such as the Asia Security Conference 
2007, Security Technologies and Security Industry 
Focus Seminars. CISCO'S influential presence as a 
co-organiser for the conference, will also see them 
adding on several prominent security personalities 
from around the world. 

Associate Professor Ho Peng 
Kee, Senior Minister of State, 
Ministry of Law & Ministry of 
Home Affairs, will be the 
Guest-Of-Honour at the 
conference official opening. 

Notable speakers representing various industries 
will come together to discuss topics that cover all 
aspects of security and its challenges in the 
present environment. Speakers line-up includes Dr. 
Rohan Gunaratna, Head of International Centre 
for Political Violence & Terrorism Research (ICPVTR) 
S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies 
(RSIS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU); 
DAC Anselm Lopez, Director of Security Industry 
Regulatory Department (SIRD) in Singapore Police 
Force; Mr. Bill Chua, the Executive Vice President 
and Global Head for Delivery Channels and 
Operations of United Overseas Banking Group; Mr. 



A IRE & ESCUE SIA 

SUNTEC SINGAPORE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION CENTER 
HALL 404 ■ 31 OCT - 0? NOV 2007 

£ SAFETY & SECURITY ASIA 2007 
£ OMELAND ECURITY SIA 007 

Foi morm M*uim*Uun about to* mow. pimm etwtucl: 

CEIT15 SraUc-n, 

"n : f A is?"* wwv 

^ www.firerescueasia.c0m.5g 


Christian Sommade, Executive Director of Euro- 
pean Homeland Security Association (France); Mr. 
Tan Tong Hai, President & Chief Executive Officer 
of Singapore Computer Systems (SCS) and Mr. 
Wallace Gowin, the Regional Security Director Asia 
Pacific of Agility. 

This year, the organiser is projecting more than 
300 exhibitors representing more than 30 countries. 
As a sign of increasing global concerns, CEMS is 
also expecting a 60% increase in visitorship made 
up of mostly regional safety & security managers 
and consultants, properties & facilities managers, 
developers, architects and trade professionals. 

Associate Professor Ho Peng Kee, Senior 
Minister of State, Ministry of Law & Ministry of 
Home Affairs, will be the Guest-Of-Honour at the 
conference official opening. 

For more information, log on to www.safety 
securityasia.com.sg D33 


8 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 





MALAYSIA 




IRE & ESCUE SIA 

7th International Fire & Rescue Technology & Equipment Exhibition 


SUNTEC SINGAPORE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION CENTER 
HALL 404 ■ 31 OCT - 02 NOV 2007 


in conjunction with: 



SAFETY & SECURITY ASIA 2007 

9th International Safety & Security Technology & Equipment Exhibition & Conference 


# 


OMELAND ECURITY SIA 

2nd International Homeland Security Technology 4 Equipment Exhibition 


For more information about the show, please contact: 


Mr. Derick Ding 
Email: derick@cems.com. sg 
Tel: (65) 6278 8666 
Fax: (65) 6278 4077 


Conforonco & Exhibition Managomonl 
Services Pto Ltd (OEMS) 


www.firerescueasia.com.sg 




NEWS 


Easy Decon by Profess onal 
Protection Systems 



One of the latest 
developments in 
decontamination is a foam 
product designed for use 
on buildings or vehicles. 

Developed in the US this 
product known as 
EasyDECON™DF200 and 
is capable of killing or 
neutralising a broad range 
of WMD contaminants. 

Also because of its unique 
chemical structure it can 
be used on practically 
anything. The product is 
particularly suitable for the 
decontamination of 
structures as it has the 
unique ability to adhere to 
vertical and inverted 
surfaces where it creates a 
foam blanket to maintain 
the required contact time between agent 
and decontamination formulation. 
EasyDECON™DF200 has the added virtue 
of being non-corrosive and its use adds no 
environmental load to the appropriate 
clean-up operation. Kill time ranges from a 
few minutes to half an hour depending on 
environment and prevailing conditions. 

When used with dedicated application 
equipment even coverage is achieved, 
maximising contact time and suppressing 
any reaction from the agent being treated 
whilst decontamination takes place. 

The most obvious major feature of this 
new system being is that it does not use 
water. Water has been at the central 
element in all decontamination 


technologies until now. Essentially what 
water does is to move contaminant from 
one place to another. If its protective 
clothing or human casualties you are 
decontaminating the subjects, and the 
arena of operations are small enough for 
contaminated water to be contained 
somewhere and disposed of. But with a 
vehicle you start to have problems and 
with a building it becomes just about 
impossible to use successfully. This product 
is the answer. 

For more information, please contact: 

PPS Ltd. 

Tel: +44 1908 272240 
Website: www.ppsgb.com 


Nittan evolution control 
panel range extended 


Leading conventional and addressable fire 
detection manufacturer NITTAN (UK) Ltd. is 
pleased to announce the launch of new 
control panels for its Evolution range of 
fire detection products. 

The new range of Evolution protocol 
addressable control panels have been 
manufactured by Advanced Electronics - 
one of the most popular brands in the UK. 

The Advanced panels consist of a simple 
to use LCD menu driven GUI, dual, flash 
based microprocessor technology driven by 
an on-board power supply and charger 
approved to EN54 parts 2 and 4. The panels 
are fully expandable from one to two or four 
loops, depending on the model, and come 
complete with on-board sounder circuits. 


They are suitable for use in a wide range of 
sites, small to large, simple to complex. 

Extremely easy to install and use due to 
the dedicated system navigation keys and 
uncomplicated commissioning and fault 
finding, the new Advanced panels can also 
be accessed remotely via a low cost 
modem connection for quick and 
convenient diagnostics. 

Nittan is expecting these panels to have 
a major impact when combined with the 
Evolution Range of detectors. 

For more information, please contact: 

Nittan 

Email: sales@nittan.co.uk 
Website: www.nittan.co.uk 


Holmatro® 

CORE™ 

Technology 

Turning point in speed, ease 
and safety for working with 
hydraulic rescue equipment 

Until it's introduction in June 2005 hydraulic 
rescue tools always consisted of a pigtail (dual) 
hose system, with a separate pressure and 
return hose connecting pump and rescue tool. A 
CORE™ system 
consists of only one 
hose: a high-pressure 
inner hose inside a 
low-pressure outer 
hose. The hydraulic 
principle and tool 
performance of 
CORE™ Technology 
and traditional 
technology are of 
course identical. 

CORE™ Technology 
ranks with the most important innovations in 
the field of extrication ever. The benefits for the 
user of a system which can be summarized as 
follows: "quick, easy and safe". 

Quick 

A CORE™ system allows the rescuer to change 
(disconnect and connect) the tool on the spot, 
while the hose is under flow and without having 
to switch the valve back at the pump. CORE™ 
couplers can rotate (360°) freely on both ends. 
Therefore it is now possible for instance to 
unroll a hose while walking away with a 
connected tool and start opening the tool in the 
meantime. These CORE™ Technology features 
result in significant time savings. 

Easy 

A CORE™ hose has fewer autolock couplers 
than a pigtail hose and it gets coupled directly 
at the tool. This allows you to couple the tool in 
any position, even when holding the tool in one 
hand and clicking the hose on with the other 
hand. The possibility of changing tools while the 
hose is under flow makes changing over at the 
pump unnecessary. This results in increased 
flexibility: with CORE™ Technology a complete 
rescue set can be operated easy and efficient by 
just one rescuer. 

Safe 

Because the high-pressure hose is integrated 
within the low-pressure hose, it is never in direct 
contact with the outside environment. These and 
other safety measures make sure that the user is 
never exposed to more than 25 bar. CORE™ 
hoses are reinforced with state-of-the-art multi- 
layered aramid. Even the most rigorous and 
prolonged test scenarios have not resulted in 
any kinking or possible damage resulting from it. 

For more information please visit our 
website: www.holmatro.com 



10 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


AVfN 

PROTECTION 


For more information , please 
contact: 

Avon Protection Systems 

Hampton Park West 
Semington Road 
Melksham 
Wiltshire SN1 2 6NB 
UK 

Tel: +44 (0) 1225 896 705 
Fax: +44 (0) 1225 896 301 
Email: 

protection@avon-rubber.com 

Website: 

www.avon-protection.com 


PRODUCT PROFILE 


New SC BA Launch: 

Atlantair by Avon Protection Systems 

Avon Protection Systems, part of Avon Rubber p.I.c., is acknowledged as a world 
leading provider of advanced Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear 
(CBRN) respiratory protection solutions. 


A n extensive range of products from complete 
CBRN capable Self Contained Breathing 
l Apparatus (SC BA) systems to compact 
single use escape hoods is supplied to an array of 
customers across the world including; fire-fighters, 
military, law enforcement professionals, emergency 
medial professionals, key utility and transportation 
workers and people at risk anywhere. 

Avon Protection Systems has a unique capability 
in CBRN protection based on a range of advanced 
technologies in respirator design, filtration and 
compressed air breathing apparatus. This enables 
Avon to develop specialized solutions that take full 
account of user requirements. 

The CE Atlantair™ range of Self Contained 
Breathing Apparatus (SC BA) is Avon Protection 
System's most recent development offering true 
operational flexibility for fire-fighting and HAZMAT 
units. Atlantair™ also meets the growing demand 
for an SCBA capability from specialist and para- 
military forces, explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) 
units, as well as naval and air force fire fighting 
units. 

Developed by the team at Avon - ISI, the range 
incorporates all the latest innovations originally 
presented in the ISI Viking Series of NFPA compliant 
systems. ISI was first to market with many features 
now taken for granted by SCBA users. The 
Atlantair™ range marks Avon's entry into the 
SCBA market outside the USA, where it has a 
leading position in SCBA technology through 
Avon-ISI. Atlantair™ offers a broad capability in 
respiratory protection, giving users exceptional 
operational flexibility when dealing with extreme 
CBRN threats. 

Atlantair™ meets the latest EN1 37:2006 class 2 
standards including the new high temperature 
flame engulfment test. In addition the system also 
meets the BS8468-1 standard for CBRN SCBA. 

Atlantair™ integrates a wide range of standard 
features in an ergonomically designed system, 
which includes a head up display (HUD) and hands 
free, integrated voice and activated radio commu- 
nications. The systems come with a choice of 3 
sizes of high comfort masks offering wide vision. 
Butyl mask options offer a fully CBRN compliant 
system with silicone mask options providing 
enhanced comfort. The mask features a double 
curved, anti-fog and anti-scratch lens for excellent 
field of view. 

The Atlantair SCBA range has the world's small- 
est, lowest profile Demand Valve. It either offers 
integrated bypass and first breath activation or an 
optional AirSwitch® mask capability to allow instant 
access to breathing air from a ready state. The 
integrated HUD allows the user to monitor alarm 
conditions as well as the status of the cylinder. 



Atlantair™ offers optional integrated hands free 
voice communications and head up display all of 
which are ATEX compliant for Intrinsic Safety. In 
addition the system comes complete with easily 
adjustable voice activation volume to eliminate 
breathing noise without impacting communications. 

The system incorporates an easy - to - use 
control console which houses the complete 
electronics package, including head up display 
(HUD) processing, Radio Communications, VAS 
and PASS motion sensor. 

Atlantair™ comes with a choice of ergonomically 
designed harness and backplate configurations 
for maximum comfort and adjustability. The 
integrated design approach results in a clean, low 
profile system. It provides users with a choice of 
lightweight carbon cylinders pressurised to 200 or 
300 bar with 30, 45 or 60 minute durations. A 
range of options are also available including buddy 
breather, cylinder fast fill connection, airline 
connection, and wireless personal alert system. 
The product is easy to maintain, delivering low 
ownership costs. 

Another example of Avon's innovative approach 
to personal respiratory protection is the revolu- 
tionary EH20 hood. A highly protective personal 
emergency respirator, EH20 is a compact and 
portable device offering effective short term 
protection from chemicals, CBRN agents and toxic 
particles. Offering a safe solution to emergency 
responders who may not have immediate access 
to SCBA or other devices, it is fully CE certified. 

Be one of the first to witness the launch of 
Atlantair at A & A Dusseldorf stand 5B34. B23 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


11 



NEWS 


Join the elite 

H* ISG 

*U Thermal Systems, Ltd. 


ISG THERMAL SYSTEMS, one of the 
world's leading thermal imaging camera 
manufacturers, proudly announces the 
launch of their revolutionary new camera 
The Talisman K-1 000. 

The K-1 000 utilises Megapicture 
technology which is a system developed by 
ISG exclusively for their fire fighting 
cameras. This means that picture quality is 
more enhanced giving the fire fighter a 
better viewing image. Not only does this 
technology improve picture quality but it 
also improves "headroom" which is the 
highest temperature the camera can 
clearly image which obviously improves fire 
fighter safety. The K-1 000 is truly a first, 
for example, it can successfully image 
ceiling temperatures up to 1 000°C which 
up until now was unheard of. 

The big secret to the Megapicture 
technology is the K-1000's High resolution 
sensor. The sensor has 76,800 imaging 
pixels. Think of it if you will like a digital 
camera or camcorder, the more pixels, the 
better the image quality. Coupled to this 
system is the K-1 000's ability for fast 
update rates. In a situation where there 
are constant heat changes in the 
environment, Megapicture technology 
scans 4,608,000 scene elements each 
second resulting in the user viewing not 
only a clearer image but also to make 
better and safer decisions. 

The brains at ISG have really been 
working hard on the development of the 
K-1 000 and another great feature about 
the camera is its oversized lens. Just like a 
normal everyday camera, the same rules 
apply to thermal imaging cameras, the 
bigger the lens the more scene elements 


the camera can focus on. The K-1000's 
Megapicture system uses the biggest lens 
currently available and can sense 77% 
more data, coupled with the fast update 
rates the result is spectacular image clarity. 

Tonny Hutting ISG's International 
training manager explains the idea behind 
the K-1 000. "Firefighters put themselves 
at risk every time they enter a building 
that is fully involved. They are at constant 
risk from ceiling collapse, the possibility of 
a flashover situation constantly changing 
temperatures and also not having the 
correct equipment that can give them the 
information they need. By assessing these 
problems and as a qualified fire fighter, 
the K-1 000 is the logical choice". Unlike 
other units, the image does not saturate 
when the temperature gets too high. The 
K-1 000 can clearly detect temperatures of 
1 000°C which from a fire fighters 
perspective, will tell him if a ceiling could 
possibly collapse or if a flashover situation 
could occur. The K-1 000 is also extremely 
user friendly, the screen constantly 
displays such readings as battery power 
and temperature. On a full recharge 
which only takes about two and a half 
hours, you can expect the camera to 
function perfectly for at least five hours 
and from switching on, the camera is 
ready to use in less than five seconds it 
also comes complete with a hard carry 
case and neck strap". 

For more information about the ISG 
Talisman K-1 000 contact: 

ISG Thermal Systems Ltd 
Tel: +44 (0) 1268 527700 
Web: www.isgfire.co.uk 


Talisman K-1000 specifications include: 


Electronics 

Sensor Type: Vanadium Oxide 
Microbolometer 
Resolution: 320 x 240 
Spectral Response: 8-14 microns 
Dynamic Range: Over 1000°C in 
Thousand Plus Mode 
Mode switch time: 0.08 seconds 
Update rate: 4,608,000 scene elements 
per second 

Field of view: 59 degrees 
Nominal start up: Under 5 seconds 

Temperature measurement 

Measurement: FPA Centre Pixel Area 


Measurement Range: Up to 1000°C 
Resolution: +/-1°C 
Repeatability: +/-1°C 

Physical 

Weight: Under 1 ,4kg 
Housing: Radel-R High Heat 
Thermoplastic 

Waterproofing: IP67 - immersion up to 
1 meter 

Drop test: 2 meters 

Power source 

Operating time: Over 5 hours 

Low battery warning: Displayed on screen 

Recharge time: 2.5 hours 


Bright future 
for new wolf 
LED torch 
range 

WOLF has introduced a new LED Primary 
Cell Torch range, Certified to ATEX and 
lECEx by Baseefa (2001). 

The three torches in this TR-40 range 
incorporate high power LEDs, producing a 
flawless intense white beam of about half 
a metre diameter at five metres and a light 
source that is 'fitted for life'. Each torch is 
powered by four x AA alkaline primary 
cells, which will not only produce an 
optimum output for up to seven and a half 
hours duration, but will also continue to 
provide a good light for up to 72 hours. 



The TR-40 LED Primary Cell Torches are 
approved for safe use in Zone 1 and 2 
Hazardous Areas, Group IIC T4 Explosive 
gases, dusts and vapours. Weighing 360 
grams including batteries, they are one the 
lightest LED safety torches available. The 
TR-40+ version is fitted with a low battery 
indicator and a black TR-45 model is 
Certified for use in Zone 0 gas 
environments. 

Ideal for maintenance and inspection 
tasks on industrial sites, fire-fighting, oil, 
gas, petrochemical, and offshore 
applications, the TR-40 range completes 
the Wolf Safety family of ATEX Torches, 
filling the gap between the hugely popular 
TR-24+ and the impressive R-50 LED 
rechargeable torch ranges. 

For more information, please contact: 

Wolf Safety Lamp 

Email: info@wolf-safety.co.uk 

Website: www.wolf-safety.co.uk 


12 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 




‘Performance LIVE BY IT 


PBI Fabrics Engineered For The Work You Do 


When it comes to firefighting, reliable protection that stands tough against heat and flame, and remains service worthy, is what 

you picture. And, for more than 25 years, in more cities, and in more departments, PBI Gold®, PBI Matrix® and PBI TriGuard™ fabrics 

have been doing just that... providing unmatched protection and performance to r M 

more firefighters than any other high performance fabric. From turnout gear and 

hoods to inventive USAR gear, these exclusive fabrics take personal protection 

to the highest level, combining unmatched flame and thermal protection with 

unsurpassed strength and durability. PBI fabrics... picture perfect performance. 


9800 Southern Pine Blvd Suite D // Charlotte, NC 28273 USA// T 704-554-3378 // F 704-554-3101 
www.pbigold.com // E-mail: walt.lehmann@pbiproducts.com 

Galgenbergstrasse 2b / Im Posthof D -93053 Regensburg, Germany 

T +49 (0) 941 70 54 370 // F +49 (0) 941 70 54 1 10 // E-mail: Helmut.Zepf@pbiproducts.com 


© 2007. PBI Gold, PBI Matrix, and Matrix are registered trademarks and PBI TriGuard™ is a trademark of PBI Performance Products, Inc. 


PBI at A+A 2007 from Sep 1 8-21 in Dusseldorf in Hall 3 Stand D74 


NEWS 


L&w - Leading Manufacturer 
in the Compressor Market 



Fire truck with LW1300 and accessories 


The German manufacturer L&W 
(Lenhardt & Wagner 
Kompressoren) has been 
expanding and beginning to 
network into the Asian market, by 
setting up an Asian sales and 
support office in Singapore. The 
Singapore operation will hold 
stock of units for sale and provide 
full support and supply of spares. 

L&W manufactures a wide 
range of compressors suitable for 
small dive operations and 
liveaboards to larger self- 
contained models that feature 
built-in diesel generators suitable 
for remote use. Most models are 
also available in an "SILENT" 
option, which feature a sound 
insulated housing which reduces 
the noise level down to 62 dB(A). 

They also produce a range of 
Storage systems, filling panels as well as 
blending panels for nitrox and trimix. 

Compressors are available up to 6000 liters 
per minute and up to 420 bar. 


One of the world's largest hydro-electric 
power stations, situated on the Hongshui 
River in the Guong-Xi province of China, 
the Longtan Hydropower Station will use 
100 Fireray 100R reflective beam smoke 
detectors as part of the complete fire 
safety and detection system provided by 
Cooper Asia. 

Due for completion in 2009 but already 
partially operational, the 216.5m high dam 
has had US$3.75 billion invested in its 
construction and will be capable of an 
estimated maximum annual production of 
18.7 billion kWh of electricity. It is the 
world's highest roller compacted concrete 
dam, and incorporates the world's fastest 
ship lift. 

The Fireray 100R reflective beam smoke 
detector from Fire Fighting Enterprises 
houses the transmitter and receiver in the 
same unit, with the infrared light being 
bounced back by a small prismatic plate 
on the opposite wall. This allows the 
coverage of a wide area by relatively few 
units, reducing the disruptions and costs 
of both installation and cabling. As a part 
of the fire safety system, these devices will 
cover large areas which would otherwise 
have required the installation of numerous 
'point' detectors - as many as 1 6 per unit 


LW 100 

This brand new model of L&W compressors 
Germany is latest state of art technology in High 
Pressure Breathing Air compressors. 



- to safely monitor the 1 500m 2 that each 
100R is effective over. Details on the full 
range of smoke detectors from FFE can be 
found on their website (www.ffeuk.com), 
including information on the new Fireray 
5000 with optical alignment and 
motorised beam auto-optimisation 
features. 

For more information, please contact: 

Fire Fighting Enterprises 
Tel: +44 845 4024 242 
Website: www.ffeuk.com 


The unit comes with a real 
1 00 lit/min free air delivery 
and is available in 3 versions: 
Single phase, three phase and 
also Gasoline engine. L&W 
uses newest valves 
technology, steel piston rings 
and a new construction of the 
compressor block. With it 
newly developed cooling 
system The life time of the 
breathing air filter is nearly 
50% higher than comparable 
models. 

LW 280 EC 

Breathing air and Industrial air 
applications. Stationary 
compressor fully equipped and 
suitable for continuous 
running applications. For the 
LW 280 onwards all our compressors are 
equipped with oil and water separators after 
each stage for longer life time and lower 
maintenance costs of the compressor. 

LW 280 ES - 280L/min; Electric; 
Silent 

One of the quietest compressors in its class. It 
has been specially developed for modern day 
conditions: a medium capacity compressor, with 
an insulated housing, which provides excellent 
noise suppression @ 61dB(A). 

The control panel provides space for up to 6 
filling hoses and an overview of the essential 
compressor controls. 

LW 570 Diesel & 450 E - 450 & 
570L/min 

For applications where large quantities of air 
are required without sufficient electrical power 
supply. The LW 450/570 D has a self contained 
12V DC power supply providing electric start, 
idle and full speed selector, automatic idle and 
condensation drain when final pressure is 
reached. The diesel fuel tank provides 2 hours of 
continuous operation. 

LW 570 E & ES - 570L/min; Electric 
or Diesel; Silent option 

The 570 series are 4 stage piston compressors 
for large, professional applications. Able to 
deliver 570 liters/min and working pressures up 
to 420 bar if required. 

The unit has been designed for the arduous 
demands of large filling stations such as large 
diving schools or hyperbaric facilities. 

LW can offer for all compressors the 
matching NITROX MEMBRANE SYSTEMS up to 
40% Nitrox. 

For more information, please visit us at 
www.lw.com.sg or call: +65-67321178 


Longtan Hydropower Station 
Uses Beam Detection 


14 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


PRODUCT PROFILE 


SAPPHIRE® - 

sustainable, 
environmentally 
acceptable fire 
suppression 
technology 

According to Tyco Safety Products, Fire Suppression Group, its SAPPHIRE® fire 
suppression system for protecting business-critical assets ended the search for a 
truly sustainable, environmentally acceptable and long-term clean agent 
alternative to the now outlawed Halon 1301. 


For more information , please 
contact: 

Tyco Safety Products 

Burlingham House 
Hewett Road 

Gapton Hall Industrial Estate 

Great Yarmouth 

Norfolk NR31 ONN 

Tel: +44 (0) 1493 417600 

Fax: +44 (0) 1493 417700 

Email: tspmarketing.emea@ 

tycoint.com 

Website: 

www.macron-safety.com 


S APPHIRE is a high-performance fluid-based 
fire extinguishing system that uses 3M™ 
Novec™ 1230 Fire Protection Fluid; long-term 
technology that not only satisfies today's regu- 
lations, it also meets all of those in the foreseeable 
future. It has several advantages over other 
extinguishing agents on the market. SAPPHIRE has 
a negligible impact on the environment, with an 
insignificant global warming potential, lower than 
any of the halocarbon agents acceptable for use in 
occupied spaces. 

It is designed to protect essential and delicate 
telecommunications and data processing equip- 
ment. It also has applications within the cultural 
heritage sector protecting artefacts that would 
otherwise be destroyed by water from traditional 
sprinkler systems. The innovative suppression 
technology is also making major inroads in the 
on-shore and off-shore oil and gas industries; in 
the power generation sector; and for more 
specialist applications such as protecting engine 
test cells, and within the vehicle manufacturing 
industry generally. SAPPHIRE is also widely used to 
protect ships' engine rooms and compartments 
and has been installed successfully in hundreds of 
boats and ships. 

Installations around the world have shown 
SAPPHIRE to have an acceptable footprint, the 
lowest level of design concentration and the 
highest safety margin of any viable Halon 1301 or 
chemical alternative. The agent also has impressive 
environmental credentials with zero ozone deplet- 
ing potential and a remarkably low atmospheric 
lifetime of just five days, compared with 107 years 
for Halon 1301. SAPPHIRE has a global warming 
potential of just "one", which means that 11,900 
kilograms of the Novec 1230 fluid would have to 
be released to have the same impact on climate 
change as just one kilogramme of a typical 


alternative HFC or hydrofluorocarbon. 

SAPPHIRE'S fluid is stored in containers as a low 
vapour pressure fluid that, when discharged, 
transmutes into a colourless and odourless gas. 
Unlike other fluid fire extinguishing agents, it can 
be used with absolute confidence to suppress 
fires involving electronic, computing or com- 
munications equipment. Typical total flooding 
applications use between 4.6% and 5.9% con- 
centration by volume of the fluid for land-based 
applications and, typically, a 5.5% concentration 
for marine applications. This is well below the 
agent's saturation or condensation level. After 
discharge, the agent is dispersed through natural 
ventilation, leaving no residue to damage sensitive 
electronic equipment; it is also non-conductive and 
non-corrosive. 

While certain HFCs and inert gases are used at 
design concentrations that are below the NOAEL 
or No Observed Adverse Effect Level, with safety 
margins from 7%, no other Halon alternative 
comes anywhere close to the SAPPHIRE safety 
margin. 

SAPPHIRE has amassed a host of international 
approvals including LPCB (Loss Prevention 
Certification Board), FM (Factory Mutual) and UL 
(Underwriters Laboratories) listing. Marine 
approvals include MCA (Maritime & Coastguard 
Agency); Germanischer Lloyd; DNV (Det Norske 
Veritas); BV (Bureau Veritas); ABS (American 
Bureau of Shipping); LRS (Lloyds Register of 
Shipping) and MED (Marine Equipment Directive). 
It is also complies with SOLAS (Safety of Life At 
Sea), having successfully completed MSC 
(Maritime Safety Committee) 848 testing. Its 
credentials for marine applications have been 
further endorsed by its recent winning of the 
prestigious Seatrade Awards 2007 Safety at Sea 
Award, sponsored by Lloyd's Register. EQ3 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


15 


VIEWPOINT 


Two fatal fires 
in karaoke clubs 

in 2007 

Karaoke as a form of entertainment originated in Japan in the 1970s. The first 
public karaoke performance was in Kobe, capital of the Hyogo Prefecture. By the 
end of the 1 980s karaoke had become popular in many parts of the world, 
karaoke venues in the form of 'karaoke clubs', 'karaoke bars', 'karaoke parlours' 
By J. C. Jones anc | 'k^oke shops' having consequently proliferated. 



Department of 
Engineering 
University of Aberdeen 

j.c.jones@ 

eng.abdn.ac.uk 


I n January 2007 there was a fire at a karaoke 
shop in Takarazuka, also in the Hyogo Prefecture, 
in which three teenagers died. At the karaoke 
shop, which was on the second floor of the build- 
ing of which it was a part, food and drink were on 
sale to those participating in the entertainment. 
The fire began at a frying pan containing cooking 
oil. The female employee using it is alleged not to 
have paid sufficient attention and was arrested on 
a charge of professional negligence. In the 
community debate on the matter, some of which 
found its way on to the Web, 1 points outlined in 
the following paragraph were made. 

The victims were youngsters with almost all of 
their adult lives in front of them, and this intensi- 
fies the sense of tragedy. According to a local 
newspaper the karaoke shop was a crudely 
converted warehouse lacking fire safety features. 
To what extent must the owner of the club take 
moral and legal responsibility? The Tokyo Fire 
Department in a comment on the accident in 
Takarazuka stated that 60% of karaoke venues in 
Japan are legally sub-standard in fire safety terms. 

Much more grave still was the explosion at a 
karaoke club at Tianshifu in the Liaoning province 
of China in July 2007. The death toll stands at 25 
and there were 33 serious injuries. Again the vic- 
tims were young people, many of them seeking 
recreation at the end of the school examination 
period. This piece is being written less than a 
month later and no cause of the explosion has been 
given. It is however clear from pictures of the build- 
ing after the accident (available on the Internet) 
that there was a significant overpressure. In fact not 
only the karaoke club where the accident originated 
but also neighbouring buildings were affected by 
the blast. What conjectures can we advance to 
account for these observations? The most obvious 
one is that LPG used for cooking was stored on the 
premises and that sudden loss of containment of 
this followed by ignition led to a fireball which, if 
confined by walls, would have displayed significant 
overpressure. From pictures of the scene previously 
referred to, an experienced fire investigator would 
conclude that overpressures had been of the order 
of 0.1 bar. A hydrocarbon explosion, especially if 
confined, can cause overpressures of this magni- 
tude which are sufficient not only for structural 
damage to buildings but also for fatal injuries to 


persons. With what paucity of information there 
currently is in relation to the explosion at the 
Karaoke centre in Liaoning we can cautiously suggest 
that overpressure rather than heat was the lethal 
factor. This is consistent not only with the obser- 
vation stated previously that neighbouring buildings 
were affected but also with the tragic fact that a 
passing motorist and a passing motorcyclist were 
amongst the dead. That a hydrocarbon explosion 
can by reason of its overpressure overturn a vehicle 
weighing a ton or more is well documented. 

In summing up, the fire in the Japanese 
Karaoke facility had an obvious cause, though 
questions in relation to conformity of the building 
to fire safety practices and in relation to legal 
responsibility remain. In the case of the karaoke 

with what paucity of 
information there currently is 
in relation to the explosion at 
the Karaoke centre in Liaoning 
we can cautiously suggest that 
overpressure rather than heat 
was the lethal factor. 

fire in China we do not even know what ignitable 
substance caused it, but there is strong evidence 
from accounts of the incident that the destructive 
factor was overpressure. LPG leakage has been 
suggested, but an explosion involving natural gas 
or fuel gas manufactured from coal could have 
produced the same degree of overpressure. 

A social factor will conclude this article. Very 
many residents of the Japanese capital Tokyo live 
in small apartments and do not want to spend too 
much of their leisure time in them. There is 
accordingly a significant proportion of residents, as 
opposed to visitors, amongst the participants in 
Tokyo's night life. Such residents are imperilled 
when thus seeking diversions locally if fire safety at 
facilities like karaoke bars is sub-standard. EEQ 

Reference 

1 . http://www.japantoday.com/jp/news/39671 6/all 


16 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



Under the Patronage of 
H.E. Sheikh Rashid bin Abdulla A1 Khalifa 
Minister of the Interior 



Serving the Middle East fire industry 

Bahrain International Exhibition Centre 
Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain 
9-13 December 2007 

Saving lives in the Middle East 

Whether saving the lives of civilians in danger, or keeping members of the fire- 
fighting team alive as they strive to get a dangerous situation under control - 
saving lives is the most important consideration. 

The Fire Department Instructors Conference (FDIC Bahrain) helps fire-fighters in 
the Middle East, at all levels, save lives in three key areas: experience, knowledge 
and equipment. 

FDIC Bahrain is the leading exhibition and conference for fire-fighters and fire 
industry professionals in the Middle East: 

• The exhibition will showcase the latest equipment, products 
and services that enable the fire professionals do their job. 

• The conference provides classroom based learning that gives 
fire-fighters the most up-to date knowledge on how to fight fires 


Learn new techniques 

Develop your knowledge 

Enhance your skills 


Increase your skills and knowledge and learn from an international team of 
experts at FDIC Bahrain 2007. 

Fi.O.T. modules and Workshop session places are limited - Register Early! 




Saving lives is what fire fighting is all about... 


www.fdicbahrain.com 


“Never before has the region witnessed an 
experience that offered the Fire Industry 
hands-on training, workshops, conference and 
exhibition - all at one event, over one week.” 

For further information and booking details 
please visit www.fdicbahrainxom 


Owned and produced by: Co-hosted by: 


Co-organised by: Platinum Sponsor: Gold Sponsor: 


Rmrpll 



9£TENCATE 

materials that make a difference 

Bronze Sponsor: 


Flagship Media 
Sponsor: 


Official International 
Media Partner: 


Local 

Media Partner: 


Supporting 

Organizations: 


FIRE FIGHTER Khaleej (Times 


Ministry of the Interior 


ASM*Sr\rHu\ 


There's no point ... 



...biting your nails 
over it! 


i 


Time to be decisive. Fire can devastate your life, your ’ 
business, your world in seconds. So why take such an 
unnecessary risk? It simply isn't worth the worry. 

Hygood Sapphire™ systems are designed specifically to 
deliver highly efficient 3M “ Novec™ 1230 fire protection 
fluid with speed and reliability. Sapphire systems are safe 
for occupied areas, require minimal storage space, are 
clean in use leaving no harmful residue and have 
internationally recognised approvals. 

Critically - and unlike many earlier forms of fire protection - 
Sapphire systems are also kind to the world about us. In 
these environmentally conscious times, it's good to know 
that they do nothing to damage the planet. 

They might save your nails some wear and tear, too. 



For further information, please contact: Tyco Safety Products, 
Burlingham House, Hewett Road, Gapton Hall Industrial Estate, 
Great Yarmouth, Norfolk NR31 ONN. 


r 


Tel: +44 (0)1493 417600 
Fax: +44 (0)1493 417700 
E-mail: tspmarketing.emea@tycoint.com 
Web: www.macron-safety.com 




i 


ti/ca Fire & 

/ Security 


a vita! part of your world 


Sapphire is a trademark of a subsidiary of Tyco Holdings (UK) Ltd. 3M and Novec are registered 
trade marks of 3M Company. Copyright ©A subsidiary of Tyco Holdings (UK) Ltd. 



GAS SUPPRESSION 



By John Allen 

EMEA Marketing 
Director, Tyco Safety 
Products, Fire 
Suppression Group 


Caseous 
Suppression 
Systems and The 
Environmental 
Challenge 

With businesses survival becoming ever more dependant on the performance of 
critical assets, their protection from fire remains high on the corporate agenda. 
So says John Allen, EMEA Marketing Director for Tyco Safety Products, Fire 
Suppression Group. Here he looks at the different types of gaseous suppression 
systems on the market and assesses the way in which the need for effective fire 
safety is balanced against environmental concerns. 


B usiness continuity, crisis management and 
disaster recovery planning are terms with 
which we are all becoming increasingly 
familiar. At any one time, there seems to be a 
major conference taking place somewhere around 
the world addressing one key issue - how to 
ensure that the business survives a major disaster. 

While this has always been a concern for 
businesses, their increasing dependency on com- 
munication and computer technology has shifted 
the fire protection attention away from assets 
generally. Today the concern is very definitely 
focused on safeguarding those assets that have 
the potential to debilitate or possibly destroy the 
business if they fall victim to fire. 


Just about every type of business is affected. 
Banks and other financial institutions face a total 
inability to conduct financial transactions; call 
centres, upon which many insurance, travel and 
retail businesses now depend, risk being put out 
of operation; and offshore oil and gas platforms 
are confronted with the prospect of Smillions in 
lost revenue for every day a production platform is 
out of commission. Merchant shipping safety is 
jeopardised if fire breaks out in an engine 
compartment or control room; even a country's 
defence is compromised if a strategic command 
centre is damaged or destroyed by fire. 

However, this increasing dependence on IT 
infrastructures and the need to protect computer 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


19 


GAS SUPPRESSION 



suites, telecommunications centres, data storage 
facilities and control centres has occurred at a time 
when society has placed unprecedented impor- 
tance on protecting the global environment. So, 
while the now banned Halon 1301 proved to 
be extremely effective as a firefighting agent, 
environmental concerns were enough to consign it 
to the firefighting history books. It was followed 
by a number of other suppressants that ultimately 
also failed to win over the environmental lobby. 

Several factors need to be considered when 
selecting the most appropriate suppression system. 
These include the nature of the asset that is being 
protected; whether the location is occupied; and 
what space is available for suppressant storage. 
Increasingly nowadays, the company's policy 
regarding environmental issues also has to be 
added, as does its attitude to long-term sustain- 
ability. The overall picture though is that the mar- 
ket now demands reliable, genuinely sustainable, 
environmentally acceptable and long-term fire 
suppression solutions. 

Essentially, there are three gaseous fire suppres- 
sion options that warrant consideration: inert gas 
systems; chemical suppression systems; and C0 2 . 

The inert gas option 

The scientists' initial response to the need for alter- 
natives to ozone-depleting agents resulted in the 
unveiling of a number of often, as it transpired, 
prematurely heralded options. These Halocarbon 
alternatives comprised Halon-like compounds. 
Some proved effective and were adopted by the 
fire industry and building occupiers, while others 
failed due to their inefficiency or toxicity. 

Against this scenario, inert gas suppression has 
grown in popularity, as it answers the global 
warming challenge. Inert gas systems have precisely 
the environmental credentials that the market is 
seeking: zero ozone depletion potential, zero 
atmospheric lifetime, and zero global warming 
potential. They are also a truly sustainable "clean" 


fire suppression technology. Inert gases are 
non-toxic, they will not harm sensitive electronic 
equipment, art treasures or documents, and are 
safe to use in enclosed areas where people may be 
working. 

While some inert gas systems use a single 
naturally occurring gas, most are a non-conductive 
and non-corrosive blend of naturally occurring 
gases, such as a combination of Nitrogen and 
Argon. They have a similar density to air, so the 
protected space retains its concentration far longer 
than was the case with the now-banned Halon 
1301. Inert gases work by lowering the oxygen 
content of the protected area to a point that will 
not support combustion, but is sufficient to sustain 
human life. Their appeal for use in occupied 
spaces is further enhanced, as the gases are 
invisible and so do not obscure vision, which might 
otherwise make panic more likely among the room 
occupants. 

However, their downside is that inert gas 
systems do demand substantially more space to 
store the suppressant. An inert gas installation 
typically takes up to seven times the space of a 
comparable Halon 1301 installation. 

But, to organisations specifying that a non- 
chemical suppressant is of overriding importance, 
inert gas systems are an attractive option. 
Nevertheless, there is clearly also a strong desire in 
the market for an acceptable chemical fire extin- 
guishing agent; one that combines the advantages 
of the early Halon-like alternatives with the 
environmental profile of the inert gas systems. 

The chemical system solution 

An inevitable consequence of the signing of the 
Montreal Protocol was that Halon installations 
around the world had to be replaced with alter- 
native systems, and the desire for long-term 
sustainability became a key driver. 

At the heart of this issue is the Kyoto Protocol 
(or to give it its full title, the Kyoto Protocol to the 
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate 
Change) that has, as its goal, the reduction of 
greenhouse gas emissions, preventing dangerous 
anthropogenic - man-made - interference with 
the climate system. It is targeting a basket of 
six gases: carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous 
oxide, along with three long-life industrial gases: 



20 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


GASEOUS SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGE 


GAS SUPPRESSION 


Hydrofluorocarbons - more popularly know as 
HFCs - Perfluorocarbons and Sulphur Hexafluoride. 

Hydrofluorocarbons were initially considered to 
be an acceptable option following the Halon 
phase-out but, in addition to now being listed in 
the Kyoto Protocol's basket of undesirable gases, 
they all have global warming potential. Certainly 
they do not have the "clean" credentials of the 
latest generation of chemical suppression agents. 
HFCs though certainly assisted the Halon phase- 
out programme and helped in the transition away 
from ozone-depleting substances. 

One way in which this need for environmental 
acceptability has been met is with the introduction 
of a fluid-based system that uses sustainable, 
long-term technology that not only meets today's 
legislative requirements, it also meets all of those 
in the foreseeable future. It utilises new technology 
and has several major advantages over other 
Halon alternatives. 

It is a high performance fire-extinguishing agent 
that has a negligible impact on the environment 
and is designed to protect essential and delicate 
telecommunications and data processing equip- 
ment, plus it has applications within the cultural 
heritage sector protecting artefacts that would 
otherwise be destroyed by water from traditional 
sprinkler systems. It has an insignificant global 
warming potential, lower than any of the 
halocarbon agents acceptable for use in occupied 
spaces. 

When discharged, it leaves nothing behind to 
damage sensitive electronic equipment or docu- 
ments, and with no agent clean-up required, 
business critical installations can be back in 
operation in the shortest possible time. Similarly, 
priceless historic manuscripts do not have to be 
subjected to years of painstaking and expensive 
restoration work. 

Carbon dioxide systems 

Surprisingly perhaps, there are those that, mis- 
takenly, question the use of C0 2 because of its 
connotation with global warming, the international 
desire to reduce C0 2 emissions, and its inclusion in 
the Kyoto Protocol's basket of gases. This mis- 
understands the difference between C0 2 that 
occurs naturally in the atmosphere, and the 
large quantities of undesirable C0 2 emitted as a 
by-product of many industrial processes. 

The C0 2 used as a firefighting suppressant is 
extracted from a number of natural C0 2 producing 
processes, and is then stored until it is needed. So, 
its use in fire suppression systems actually results 
in a net removal of C0 2 from the environment. 
In any event, its use in fire protection is incon- 
sequential when compared with the potential 
emissions damage caused by an uncontrolled fire, 
or the C0 2 belched-out by many industrial 
processes. 

However, C0 2 is most certainly not suitable for 
total flooding applications in normally occupied 
rooms or enclosures, as its discharge in fire extin- 
guishing concentrations would be lethal to room 
occupants. C0 2 does however continue to be a 
popular and versatile choice for total flooding of 
unoccupied enclosed areas. An essential con- 
sideration though is to ensure that the flooded 
areas are adequately ventilated after discharge 
of the C0 2 to prevent the accidental exposure of 
personnel to dangerous levels of C0 2 when 



investigating the cause of the discharge. Because 
it is one-and- a-half times heavier than air, C0 2 
tends to collect at low level and in under-floor 
ducts. 

One particularly attractive feature of C0 2 is that 
it can be compressed into a liquid state which, 
when maintained under pressure, requires a smaller 
storage footprint than many other gaseous 
suppression agents. This can be of particular 
importance to city-centre-based organisations, 
where high rental costs mean that available floor 
space if frequently limited. Additionally, as C0 2 
has so many other commercial uses, refills are 
readily available throughout the world. 

The new suppression paradigm 

The contribution made by the discharge of 
environmentally damaging gaseous fire sup- 
pression systems, is dismissed by some as being 
inconsequential. After all, they argue, they are 
primarily used to protect business critical assets 
and are believed to account for little more than 
three percent of the market. While this may well 
be true, the move to ban or at least penalise the 
use of environmentally unacceptable agents - 
perhaps through taxation - is unlikely to subside. 

Additionally, following the demise of Halon 
1301 and the forced decommissioning of Halon 
suppression systems, the business community is 
focused on adopting sustainable solutions. Such 
solutions are also rightly seen as perhaps the only 
way of more effectively managing the world's 
resources and reducing waste. EEQ 


John Allen is EMEA 
Marketing Director for Tyco 
Safety Products, Fire 
Suppression Group. Fie can 
be contacted by telephone on 
+44 (0) 1493 417600, by fax 
on +44 (0) 1493 417700, 
or via email at 
tspmarketing.emea@ 
tycoint.com 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


21 




Foam fire fighting systems 
we f ve got it covered 


When quick reactions under extreme stress are 
needed, it matters that the tools to deliver are both 
unquestionably reliable and specifically designed for 
the task. If you fight fire fast with the right combination 
of product and delivery system, you can save lives, 
critical assets and scarce resources. 

Skum brings over 70 years of invaluable expertise to 
fire fighting. Backed by a programme of continuous 
research and development, Skum has an enviable 
reputation at the forefront of fire fighting technology 
and is renowned worldwide for its quality and 
innovation. Innovations such as Hot Foam™ systems 
for enclosed spaces or the unique FJM corrosion free 
monitor. 

In short Skum has it covered. 


Typical high risk applications 

• Petro-chemical - Oil terminal; 

Storage tank protection; Bund protection 

• Marine - Tankers; Machinery spaces; 
Ferries; Offshore support and 

Fire fighting vessels 

• Aviation - Hangars; Helidecks; 

Crash vehicles 


Industry - Sprinkler 
systems; Foam spray deluge 
systems; Medium/high 
expansion foam systems 

Power Generating Plants - 

Transformers; Cable tunnels; 
Conveyors; Coal bunkers 




Systems for aircraft hangars 



Systems for high risk sites 



HotFoam™ systems for 
enclosed areas 


Skum 70 years of exceptional reliability 



For further information, please contact: 
Tyco Safety Products, 

Le Pooleweg 5, 2314 XT Leiden, Netherlands 
Tel: +31 (0)71 5419 415 Fax: +31 (0)71 5417 330 
E-mail: tspmarketing.emea@tycoint.com 
Web: www.skum.com 


tijca 


1 Fire & 
Security 


HotFoam is a trademark of a subsidiary of Tyco Holdings (UK) Ltd. Copyright © A subsidiary of Tyco Holdings (UK) Ltd. 




Pic courtesy of Angus 
Fire 



By Michael Mills 

Angus Fire 



The Evolution of 
the Foam Top 
Poorer 

As flammable liquid storage tank fires continue to make spectacular headlines 
around the world, the latest foam top pourer technology is enabling tank farm 
operators to "unspectacularly" nip them in the bud! 


I nstalled on the side walls of fixed-roof (cone) 
and covered (internal) floating roof storage 
tanks, Top Pourer Sets (TPS) or Foam Chambers 
are designed to cover flammable hydrocarbon or 
water miscible liquids with low expansion foam for 
fire extinguishment or vapour suppression. They 
have the advantage over ground-based monitors 
of directing all their foam directly onto the 
flammable liquid surface regardless of weather 
conditions. 

The first TPS was developed over thirty years 
ago, comprising a foam generator, vapour seal box 
and foam pourer. The foam generator made foam 
by introducing air into a foam solution stream that 
was delivered to the TPS in a variety of ways. Foam 
solution piping coupled to the unit was linked to a 
fixed foam proportioning system, or terminated a 
safe distance from the tank where it was linked to 
mobile foam proportioning equipment. The inlet 
of the TPS was fitted with a venturi jet designed to 
draw air into the foam solution stream through a 
series of holes located around the foam generator. 
Obstruction of the air inlet holes by nesting birds 
and insects was prevented on some models by a 
stainless steel screen. 


The aerated foam then passed into a vapour 
seal box, which improved the quality of the foam 
and reduced its velocity prior to discharge on to 
the product surface. It was fitted with a frangible 
glass bursting disc or vapour seal located across 
the inlet to the discharge pipe. This prevented the 
escape of product vapours to the atmosphere. The 
flow of expanded foam ruptured the vapour seal 
at a pre-determined pressure, allowing the foam 
to enter the tank through a foam pourer. 

Gently does it 

The next generation of TPS was a less bulky and 
more cost-efficient design. It achieved this by 
adding to the vapour seal box a mechanical agita- 
tion mesh device or "improver" that was specially 
designed to produce top quality foam by optimis- 
ing its expansion and drainage characteristics. 

An even more important development was a 
new method of applying the foam on to the 
fuel surface. As the foam exited the pourer, it 
impacted a special deflector plate fitted to the 
outlet which directed the flow back against 
the inner tank shell wall in a butterfly-shaped 
dispersion pattern. This made the foam run down 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


23 



TOP POURER SETS 


THE EVOLUTION OF THE FOAM TOP POURER 



the tank shell and flow gently on to the fuel 
surface, reducing the amount of foam submer- 
gence and fuel pick-up. This is an important 
consideration, especially with water miscible fuels. 
It also dispersed the foam to each side of the TPS 
for faster and more complete coverage. Applying 
the foam gently in this way is classified as Type II 
application by NFPA and Underwriters Laboratories 
as opposed to the forceful Type III application of 
ground-based foam monitors. It increases the 
effectiveness of the foam blanket, resulting in 
more efficient operation and superior extinguishing 
performance. 

Maintenance matters 

An early innovation in TPS design was warmly 
welcomed by safety maintenance engineers. A test 
cover was introduced at the rear of the unit, which 
for the first time enabled the unit to be tested 
without foam entering the storage tank. Now- 
adays a more easily accessible cover on top of the 
unit combined with an exclusive location of 
bursting disc provides even quicker and easier 
access. The top cover also facilitates regular 
inspection and periodic replacement of the burst- 
ing disc. The latest models offer top plate access 
with only four bolts and a captive cover plate. The 
four bolts swing away to allow the lid to pivot, 
giving access without the risk of any components 
being lost or falling from the unit and saving 
valuable time during maintenance inspections. 

Fixing kits 

Special TPS fixing kits are available that make 
installation much easier. They enable a TPS to be 
fitted safely and quickly from outside the tank, 
completely eliminating the need for hazardous, 
time-consuming and expensive welding work. 
They typically consist of a studded adaptor flange 
that is bolted and sealed to the tank before the 
TPS unit is mounted on to the protruding studs 
and secured in position. The use of fixing kits min- 
imises the installation time for each unit, and also 
forms an even tighter seal against tank curvature 
on small diameter tanks. 

The latest TPS models also offer flexible mount- 
ing dimensions. The length of the foam dispersal 
tube projecting into the tank interior can be speci- 
fied by the system designer to accommodate site 


specific mounting arrangements. The standard or 
minimum length of the foam dispersal tube is 
designed for pourers mounted directly on to the 
tank wall and positions the deflector plate at 
the optimum position inside the tank to spread the 
foam evenly around the interior. Where pourers 
have to be mounted on flanges away from the 
tank outer wall the dispersal tube length can be 
increased to allow the deflector plate to be in the 
optimum position inside the tank. 

Pressurised tanks 

Most TPS units today are designed for tanks where 
the internal pressures do not exceed 0.17 bar 
(2.5 psi). Where the tank is pressurised, for 
example with a nitrogen inerted blanket, or where 
high internal tank pressures up to 0.34 bar (5 psi) 
may be experienced during normal operation, a 
special type of TPS is recommended. It features 
a thick high pressure glass bursting disc and 
a unique valve arrangement. One-way flaps over 
the air intakes ensure the full pressure of the foam 
solution entering the unit is applied to the 
bursting disc to ensure it ruptures during an 
emergency, while allowing for variations in internal 
tank pressure during normal operation. 

Precision control 

The latest TPS models feature bursting discs fabri- 
cated from impregnated graphite instead of glass 
for precision control of the bursting pressure. 
Graphite ensures that the disc will burst when 
subjected to the pressure of foam entering the top 
chamber but will not burst or leak during normal 
tank operations such as filling and discharging. 
The use of graphite enables the bursting pressure 
to be held within tolerances of +/-0.05 bar 
(+/-0.75 psi). This is almost four times better than 
achieved with glass discs. 

In addition, improvements to the design of 
the disc holder and the use of an "O" ring 
seal allow the graphite disc to be replaced quickly 
and easily without changing the holder. The use of 
an "0" ring also mean that no adhesive (which 
may be susceptible to attack by the tank contents) 
is required to hold the disc in the holder. Graphite 
is highly inert and so temperature-resistant and 
compatible with a wide range of corrosive 
chemicals. 


24 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 






Let’s hear it for the scientists. 


In industrial fires, response time is important, but getting there fast isn’t always enough. 
For safer, more effective fire suppression, reducing the risk of burn-back is critical. 

Fire-fighting foams made with DuPont " Forafac® fluorinated surfactants extinguish fire 
and increase burn-back time on all types of polar liquid and hydrocarbon fires. 

With a broad range of industrial applications including oil, chemical and aviation 
fire-fighting foams, Forafac® additives are also compatible with a variety of surfactants 
to meet specific formulation needs. 


With over 30 years of leadership in the science of fire suppression, DuPont is 
committed to developing safe, reliable products that improve performance 
—and meet regulatory guidelines. 


Our wealth of reliable, safe ingredients, combined with market knowledge and technical 
expertise, provides the raw materials needed for product exploration and customization. 
This, as well as the trust the world has in us, affords our customers the freedom to innovate. 


DuPont" Forafac® 

DuPont Surface Protection Solutions 


The miracles of science" 


www.firesuppression.dupont.com Asia Pacific +886.2.2719.1999 Europe +33.1.41.97.45.59 North America 1-866-828-7009 


Copyright © 2007 DuPont. The DuPont Oval Logo, DuPont”, The miracles of science”, and Forafac® are trademarks or registered trademarks of E.l. du Pont de Nemours and Company or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 


TOP POURER SETS 


THE EVOLUTION OF THE FOAM TOP POURER 


Pic courtesy of Angus 
Fire 


Michael Mills is Product 
Manager at Angus Fire 
responsible for the global 
marketing of the company's 
wide range of engineered 
products including foam- 
making equipment. Angus 
Fire is part of UTC Fire & 
Security, which provides fire 
safety and security solutions 
to more than one million 
customers around the world 
and is headquartered at 
Connecticut, USA. 



Top hats 

To provide precise control over the ratio of foam 
and air, the latest TPS designs are fitted with a 
special top hat orifice plate assembly. Each orifice is 
specifically designed to allow the correct amount of 
foam solution into the foam-making tube after 
taking into account the supply pressure at the inlet 
flange, the foam type and concentration. In addi- 
tion, a stainless steel sleeve above the orifice blocks 
off part of the air inlet duct ensuring the amount 
of air drawn into the foam generator is correct for 
the quantity of foam solution supplied. The unique 
combination of orifice and sleeve ensure that 
optimum foam expansion is achieved at every 
pourer and that optimum use is made of the foam. 

Choice of foam 

TPS units are compatible with all the main types of 
foam concentrate. While AFFF and FFFP are used 
in some instances, independent tests have shown 

Developed by the world's 
leading oil companies, the 
lastfire foam test is 
specifically designed to 
simulate large storage tank 
fires and subject foams to the 
most rigorous scrutiny 

FluoroProtein, AR-AFFF and AR-FFFP to provide the 
best performance. The important point is to make 
sure your foam comes with a LASTFIRE certificate. 
Developed by the world's leading oil companies, 
the LASTFIRE foam test is specifically designed to 


simulate large storage tank fires and subject foams 
to the most rigorous scrutiny. Some LASTFIRE 
certificated foams, such as Angus Tankmaster, 
have been specially developed to extinguish large 
storage tank fires involving hydrocarbons. Its 
FluoroProtein-based bubble structure provides 
exceptional resistance to heat, enabling it to pass 
through flames, impact on hot fuel and move over 
the burning liquid surfaces. Its bubble walls are 
tough enough to seal against even the hottest 
tank shells, and even under a torrent of cooling 
water its foam blanket remains in tact. Similarly 
Alcohol Resistant foams like Angus Tridol ATF are 
ideal where polar solvent chemicals are stored. 

Chamber of horrors 

The importance of incorporating TPS units into a 
properly engineered foam system cannot be over- 
stated. Systems should be designed in accordance 
with the NFPA 1 1 Standard using TPS models Listed 
by Underwriters Laboratories. TPS units are avail- 
able in a broad range of sizes to suit most require- 
ments. Typical capacities range from 75 to 3,300 
litres/minute at inlet pressures between 2.5 and 10 
bar. Each unit should be accurately factory- 
calibrated to provide specified flow rates at the 
required system operating pressures. This will 
ensure effective and cost-efficient use of foam 
concentrate and water resources when installed 
on new tanks or retrofitted to existing tanks 
during refurbishment. If TPS units are constructed 
from the latest heat-resistant materials and engi- 
neered to the highest standards, then they can be 
relied on to tough it out under even the most 
gruelling and adverse fire conditions. What should 
be avoided is a "chamber of horrors" that is 
difficult to install and maintain, does not make 
efficient use of water and foam resources and uses 
vapour seals that burst prematurely during no rmal 
tank operations. EE9 


26 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 




chomwi 

AOARTABd 


DUAL. HEUME 

PROTECTION FOR EVERY 


Dual helmet system complies with International 
Standards - ER1 Emergency and Rescue 
and FR2 Structural Fire Fighting 

ER1 Emergency and Rescue helmet 
with adjustable headband and 
retractable goggle, suitable for 
paramedics, civil defence, RTA, 
police and rescue personnel 




fIRE 


LEVEL 2 


\ I 


v 

1 




Visit us at 

APOSHO 

Singapore 


www.helmets.co.uk 


cnoMweuu 

ADVANCED* DUAL HELMET TECHNOLOGY 


T SYSTEM 

EMERGENCY 

Outer FR2 helmet shell and 
retractable face shield fits easily 
over ER1 helmet in seconds 

FR2 fire fighters helmet can be 
fitted with neck cape, integral 
communications and SCABA 
mask fixing points 



4 P< (,E 

\? AA 


Helmet Integrated Systems Ltd. 
Commerce Road, Stranraer, 
DG9 7DX, Scotland, UK 
Tel: +44 (0) 1776 704421 
Fax: +44 (0) 1776 706342 
E-mail: sales@helmets.co.uk 


High quality 
foam concentrates 
and foam equipment 



“ THE INDEPENDENT ALTERNATIVE” 


DAFO FOMTECAB 
P.O Box 683 

SE- I 35 26 Tyreso Sweden 

Phone: +46 8 506 405 66 
Fax: +46 8 506 405 29 
E-mail: info@fomtec.com 




ARCTIC FOAM 

by SOLBERO SCANDINAVIAN 

FIGHTING 
THE FIRE DRAGON 


SOLBERG 

SCANDINAVIAN 



Visit our wsbsito 

vvww.arcticfoam.com 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


27 






LIMIT 


Fire fighting helmets 
and thermal imaging 
cameras 


Weighing only 750g with the ability to adapt the 
camera to suit individual requirements, the S2 takes 
hand held and hands free technology even further. 



Our cutting-edge technology brings you the 
smallest fire fighting thermal imaging camera 

Half the size of the original 
SoloVision and the lightest 
fire fighting TIC in the world 

The SOLOvision S2 can be used as a hands-free unit or it can be hung 
over the neck like a pair of binoculars using the neck strap. It is the 
lightest and smallest thermal imaging camera in the World. It is suitable 
for use with all known breathing apparatus and gas masks. As an all 
round camera with the capability to monitor for fire / search and rescue of 
victims, there is no better camera for the job. 






Specification: 

• Direct temperature measurement 

with box indicator to show the 

measured area 

Optional upgrades available soon: 

• Graphical User Interface for 
setting up the camera 

• World’s first mission profiling 
imager 

• Scene colourisation with user 

• Frame capture and storage 

settable colour scheme 

• Video capture and storage 

• Time and date on the display 

• Digital zoom 


• Ambient temperature 

• Battery level indicator 

measurement 

• Customisable start up screen 

• Integrated Internal Battery 





Our lightest and 
smallest, long 
wavelength infrared 
camera core 




don’t go it alone 

go with solo 


Agencies worldwide. For full details or to arrange a demonstration with a GB Solo 
representative contact - GB Solo Ltd. Tel: +44 (0)1609 881855 

• Fax: +44 01609 881103 • email: sales@gbsolo.co.uk • www.gbsolo.co.uk 





THERMAL IMAGING 


Pic courtesy of Sage 
Technology 



By Wes Sheridan 

Sage Technology 


The Future of 
Thermal imaging 
Technology 

To get a glimpse into the future and understand the path that the Thermal 
Imaging Camera (TIC) and its technology will traverse, one must first take a brief 
look at how and why we have arrived at the current state of the technology. 


H istorically the predominant development and 
application of the TIC has evolved out of the 
efforts by the military to function during the 
night, and by those organizations concerned with 
observing phenomena in outer space. The first 
equipment to reach the user was very large, very 
costly and had poor performance by today's 
standards. Only governments and research institu- 
tions could afford to participate meaningfully in 
the thermal imaging arena. The issues, in addition 
to cost, were all about size, weight, power and 
performance. 

It is not a whole lot different today. But the 
scope of the issues has changed as has the order 
of importance, and the extent of influence each 
has in affecting the applications of interest. These 
issues are about the technology as well as the 
applications. 

Let us first examine the directions of the 
technology. 

Technology Overview: It is essential to discuss 
the technology highlights because the technology 
issues practically dictate the directions the future 
TIC will evolve. Besides, you are already confronted 
with the basics of the technology - it is the 


favorite means that marketing uses to convince 
you that their product is the better choice. Let's 
take a brief look at the major technology factors 
(no, you won't need an engineering degree to 
understand this). 

It is not just the sensors 

Just about any marketing conversation and prod- 
uct brochure will be quick to reference the sensor 
technology (eg. Vanadium oxide, Amorphous 
silicon, etc), the focal plane array (detector) format 
(160x120 pixels, 320x240 pixels, etc), the thermal 
sensitivity (dOOmK) and typically the spectral 
response (eg. 7-1 4pm). 

So what does this mean? Probably not nearly as 
much as marketing wants you to believe that it 
means. If the camera performs and provides 
acceptable imagery, has good reliability and fits 
the budget, these details diminish in importance. 
For military type applications where the perfor- 
mance is always trying to be advanced, these 
issues translate into longer ranges, higher quality 
imagery and improved dynamic response. There is 
a penalty for these performance improvements 
consisting primarily of higher costs, increased 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


29 



THERMAL IMAGING 


THE FUTURE OF THERMAL IMAGING TECHNOLOGY 


Pic courtesy of Sage 
Technology 



power consumption and typically size and weight 
penalties. For firefighter type applications the 
advancement of technology has less impact. Once 
you can see in the dark and through smoke, not 
much real advantage is accrued to a sharper image 
that is still being viewed through a scratched and 
fogged air mask, and with beads of perspiration 
irritating your eyes. 

Once the basic performance has been achieved, 



"good enough is best of all" capability takes on 
real meaning. At this point the focus needs to be 
directed to: 

• make the unit smaller 

• make it lighter 

• make it work longer 

• make it cost less! 

• add functionality without impacting any of the 
above parameters 

It is also about the electronics and 
software 

The sensor technology has continued to progress 
to yield camera imagery that can appear nearly as 
dramatic as black and white video. This has 
happened with a lot of help from the electronic 
hardware and software that controls the sensor 
and processes the sensor data to yield the display 
image. As the electronics have shrunk to reduce 
size, weight and power consumption, they have 
also greatly increased in capacity and functionality 
to support larger and more powerful image 
processing programs. These advances in software 
for the TIC not only provide displayed imagery of 
unparalleled quality, but they can also deliver 
imagery from poorer performing sensors that is 

One must look at the other 
parameters that go into the 
performance equation and 
judge the overall unit 
performance with respect to 
the needs of the user. That is 
the real issue. 

perceived to be superior to that which can be 
obtained from more costly and higher performing 
sensors. 

Naturally this contradicts some of the early 
marketing hype pertaining to the sensor format 
such as; "a 320x240 pixel array has superior 
performance to a 160x120 array". Of course it can 
have superior performance, but not necessarily. 
One must look at the other parameters that go 
into the performance equation and judge the 
overall unit performance with respect to the needs 
of the user. That is the real issue. 

There are presently a number of manufacturers 
of the sensor core that go into TIC applications, 
and there are a least four different technologies of 


30 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 




types of sensors. There are also other companies 
that are pursuing new technologies for the sensor, 
and advanced development of the electronics and 
software. These efforts may be expected to 
continue to improve the camera performance and 
yield innovative features such as expanded 
temperature ranges and elimination of the need 
for FPA shuttering. 

Technology Summary: The end result of the 
technological advances both historically and in the 
immediate future, will be the sustained improve- 
ment in overall performance, the reduction in size, 
weight and power consumption by the camera 
core, and a continuing reduction in the cost of 
the core that will level off at a plateau to be 
determined by the number of manufacturers, the 
intricacies of their respective technologies and the 
volume of cores produced. The specialized nature 

There are presently a number of 
manufacturers of the sensor 
core that go into TIC 
applications, and there are a 
least four different technologies 
of types of sensors. 

of the cameras will inherently limit the number of 
cameras produced, but the core cost could reach 
the range such that TIC's could be produced and 
sold for $4000 to $5000 in the next few years. 
This would be a fully functional high performance 
unit, not the "fire sale" version (no pun intended) 
that is occasionally seen today when manufactur- 
ers purge old technology units. 

What if l don't care about the 
technology? 

If the advances in TIC technology do not hold 
significant interest for you, it is enough to know 
that these advances will over time reduce the cost, 
size, and weight of the cameras while providing 
for improvements in performance. But there are 
practical limits to which these advances can reach. 

Cost reduction will play a significant role in the 
future direction of the TIC over the next decade. 
As the end user cost dips below $5000 and 
eventually below $4000, the TIC begins to take on 
the character of being part of the firefighter's 
personal protective equipment. The increased 
availability and use of the TIC is already resulting in 
the adaptation and modifications of practices and 
procedures to better utilize the tools available. As 
experience is gained and confidence increases, the 
user community will innovate and discover new 
and more effective means to save lives and proper- 
ty, and improve safety for themselves and their 
communities. It is interesting to note that the 
reports from organizations where each member of 
the team is equipped with a TIC indicate that 
migration from old methods to new and inno- 
vative methods virtually starts on its own. When 
each member of a search team is equipped with a 
TIC, search times are greatly reduced and the safety 
of the firefighter and rescue victims is increased. 

The most interesting futures for the TIC may be 
found in the new configurations and applications, 


Helmet-Vue 

Hands-Free 
Helmet-Mounted 
Thermal Imaging Camera 


Features, Price and 
Proven Performance of t 
Hand-Held Thermal Imagers / 
...and available now! / 





\ l'' 



Because your hands 
have more important 
things to do. 


Sage Technologies, l;n>. 

215-658-0500 ■ sales@gosage.com ■ www.@gosage.com 


Copyright 3006 Sage Technologies, Ltd 


Helmet-Vue is a trademark of Sage Technologies, Ltd 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


31 


THERMAL IMAGING 


THE FUTURE OF THERMAL IMAGING TECHNOLOGY 


Pic courtesy of Sage 
Technology 


Integrated Personnel Protection System 


(To Command Center) 

Mission Packages 

Physio Sensors 
Temperature 
Chem Hazards 
Air Pressure 

G PS/Track 


As Required 


Transmitter/ 

Receiver 


IRA/ideo 

Camera 


Fn 


Wireless 
1 
l 

* 


f 

\ 

\ 

* 

Data/Imagery 

1 1 

Controller 

A 

1 

(yldeo/Data) 



Wireless 



r 



Display 


Electronics Integration Platform 


Sage Technology is a 

systems development and 
integration company 
specializing in advanced 
development sensor systems 
for industry and the military. 
Sage has developed both 
hand held and helmet 
mounted "hands-free" 
thermal imaging camera 
systems for advanced 
technology evaluation, and 
for commercial production 
applications including 
firefighter TICs. Sage has 
experience with virtually 
every type of detector 
technology and with many of 
the suppliers of the sensor 
technologies found in 
contemporary TICs. 


rather then in the basic functions of the TIC. These 
new applications have gained increasing interest 
and support in the last several years, and there 
are initiatives in process to expand the role of 
technology in the development of the "digital 
firefighter concept". The "digital firefighter 
concept" will bring together the various sensors 
and disp lays/indicators into a simple integrated 
system. The TIC is an integral element of the 
advancing technology applications in part because 
it supports two significant features; 1) the incor- 
poration of wireless capability to support data and 
imagery transfer, and 2) the ability it affords the 
user to display both thermal imagery and vital 
safety information. Both capabilities are funda- 
mental to realize the migration to a digital 
firefighter. And when constrained by standardized 
means to format, communicate and display data 
and imagery, the path to the development and 
integration of new systems and capabilities 
becomes less costly and less burdensome to the 
firefighter if all of his attention can be directed to 
a single display for routine and emergency infor- 
mation as well as imagery. Wireless based systems 
supporting position location, building layout, 
remaining air supply or team member health 
emergency status could be communicated and dis- 
played as integral elements with the TIC imagery. 

Some of the most dramatic and exciting paths 
for the TIC will be found in the methods of 
integration of the unit with other firefighter 
systems and subsystems. Sage is presently devel- 
oping an Integrated Personal Protection System 
(IPPS) that integrates the sensor data from physio- 
logical sensors, chemical and biological sensors 
and radiological detection sensors into the wireless 
communications network of a First Responder. 
Both sensor data and IR camera imagery are 
presented on the TIC display, as well as being 


transmitted to an Incident Commander's control 
console. The basic TIC function is retained much as 
it is in today's systems. But in the integrated 
environment more systems and subsystems can be 
monitored and managed by the firefighter/first 
responder, thus amplifying the capability and 
effectivity of the user. An example of the integrated 
display environment is depicted below. 

The TIC may also undergo some radical recon- 
figuration to better accommodate the user of the 
future. Although a sensor/camera is required to 
capture the image, and a display is required to 
present the imagery, they do not necessarily have 
to be located in the same place. Low cost and low 
power transmitter/receiver modules could readily 
allow the camera and display to be remote from 
each other, affording the TIC a variety of new 
options. A flexible display on an air mask or face 
shield could be driven by a hand held or helmet 
mounted camera. Or the hand held camera could 
drive helmet brim mounted displays on a number 
of team member's helmets. The camera could be 
configured like a small flashlight that could also be 
bracket mounted to a helmet, thus blurring the 
lines between hands-free and hand held cameras. 
The associated display could be snapped onto the 
helmet brim, the flashlight itself, or drive a small 
modular display inside the air mask. The options 
are numerous and the user will be able to select 
the best fit for the application. 

The technology is already mature enough to 
meet the needs of the first responder community. 
It works and works well. Over time the costs will 
decline somewhat, and the size decrease will help 
determine new implementations. However, the 
application innovations and the integration 
approaches will be the primary fuel that powers 
the transition to the next generation of the rmal 
imaging cameras. ESQ 


32 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 





Thermal imaging just got hotter 


argus 


The argus"4 

Want to know why e2v’s argus™4 is the hottest thermal 
imaging camera on the market? At a reduced weight of 
only 1.5kg and the ability to adapt the camera to suit 
individual requirements, this camera brings together 
practical usability without compromising comfort, 
safety and durability. 

— ❖ Light, small and robust 
— * Up to 100 image capture capability 
Personalised screen options 
— * Full colour display 
—❖Digital electronics 
— * X2 zoom 


argus™4 

+44 (0)1245 453443 
www.argusdirect.com 





alphaMITTER 


alphaCLICK 


alphaTAG 


alphaSCOUT 


xploreTABLET + 
alphaBASE battery 


alphaBASE 

standard 




MSA China 


Phone:+86 [21] 6237 5878 
Fax:+86 [21] 62375876 


mfochma@msanet.com 
www.msa-china.com(Chinese language) 




MSA Australia 


Phone:+61 [2] 9688 0333 
Fax:+61 [2] 9896 3224 


aus.customerservice@MSAnet.com 
www.msa.net.au(English language) 


The Safety Company 









By Larry Digney 

MSA 


New Technology 
SCBA - A Giant 

Step Forward 

Ready for Action 


The fire-fighter clocks on for his duty and dresses in his station clothes before 
conducting the pre-watch checks of his gear including his advanced new 
generation Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) in the fire appliance 
jump seat. 


W hen he gets to the truck he takes the 
Personal Monitoring and Signal Device 
that is attached to the right shoulder 
strap of the SCBA and presses the green button 
on the top left corner. Whilst holding down the 
button the LCD screen lights up and a small data 
icon appears on the screen. He takes his personal 
issue Identification Tag from his belt and holds it 
on top of the Personal Monitoring and Signal 
Device, it beeps and the light goes out. 

The fire-fighter's personal identification details 
are now logged into the Telemetry Integrated 
Control Module. 

After completing all his checks and starting his 
normal duties the fire emergency siren sounds and 
he is paged with his team to his vehicle to attend 
a large building fire in the city. As he swings into 
his seat, he attaches his SCBA harness and waits 


until he arrives at the fire site. Upon arrival he 
leaves the vehicle wearing his SCBA. His com- 
mander tells him to prepare to team up with his 
partner and enter the building to search for 
possible victims with his new High Definition 
Thermal Imaging Camera. The commander opens 
the cover on the Tablet PC Base Station and 
pushes a single button to switch it on. 

The fire-fighter opens his SCBA cylinder valve 
and the system is pressurized. Without another 
action by anyone a complete historical record of all 
events from here on has been activated. There is a 
beep on the fire-fighter's Integrated Control 
Module (ICM) as it springs to life after being 
activated by a radio signal received from the 
Backplate Transmitter on the fire-fighter's SCBA. 

The fire-fighter starts to breathe from the SCBA 
and enters the fire scene to search for possible 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


35 


NEW GENERATION SCBA 



missing people. Before a minute has lapsed the 
fire-fighter's details have been received on the 
command centre's Base Station Screen and they 
are automatically placed into his team with his 
partner. His name, team identification details, 
cylinder pressure and minutes to low pressure 
warning alarm are available on the screen. This 
information is updated every thirty seconds based 
on the previous three minutes of air consumption. 
No action is required by anyone for this to occur. 

For the first three minutes of breathing the 
pressure of the cylinder is visible on the Base 
Station Screen but after that the minutes to low 
pressure warning activation are shown. 

His buddy stops to listen and doesn't move for 
20 seconds and his Personal Monitoring and 
Signal Device starts to beep to remind him that it 
is also a personal motion alarm, a slight movement 
by him and the beeping ceases. They move on but 
the commander is now concerned that the 
building has deteriorated to a dangerous state and 
he wants to evacuate the team. 

He seeks the evacuation icon on the screen and 
activates it. He is asked by the computer "ARE 
YOU SURE?" He clicks yes and the evacuation 
signal is immediately sent. He sees the identifica- 
tion markers on the screen that confirm that the 
signal was successfully sent and received by the 
Personal Monitoring and Signal Device. Inside 
the deteriorating building the two team member's 
Personal Monitoring and Signal Devices burst into 
alarm and both fire-fighters look at their screens. 
The signal is un-mistakenly clear . . . evacuate. 
They cancel the alarm by pressing the yellow 
button on the side of the Personal Monitoring and 
Signal Devices twice. The alarm sound ceases but 
the evacuation icon remains on the screen. The 
commander can see that both fire-fighters have 
received the signal because the screen identifier 


showing that they have cancelled their alarms is 
now visible. 

30 seconds later the two fire-fighters success- 
fully exit the building just before the roof collapses 
and a catastrophe is avoided. 

All data relating to cylinder activation, com- 
mencement of breathing time, air consumption 
rate, temperature, alarm activation time and type 
of alarm are all recorded in the Personal 
Monitoring and Signal Devices and in the Base 
Station. 

Historical Perspective 

Since the introduction of Self Contained Breathing 
Apparatus in the 1950's there has been steady 
progress towards achieving the ultimate outcomes 
associated with its use. First there was the require- 
ment for delivery of enough breathable air at a 
stable pressure with a suitable flow rate to allow 
a single user to operate comfortably in toxic and 
dangerous atmospheres without air starvation. 

The slow progress in achieving suitable 
pneumatic performance can be traced to the 
requirement for designers and manufacturers to 
achieve a suitable return on their investment and 
because it was occurring in the heady days before 
computer aided design and elaborate test 
equipment and protocols came along to make 
advancement and development easier. 

When real performance upgrades eventually 
started to provide sufficient air for one operator to 
breathe comfortably then progress began towards 
the advent of second mask attachments so that 
two operators could breathe comfortably. 

The exponential technological growth potential 
increased throughout the late 1980s and early 
1990s with positive pressure becoming almost 
mandatory and flow rate minimums increasing to 
300 Ipm and then to 450 Ipm. Light weight 


36 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


NEW TECHNOLOGY SCBA - A GIANT STEP FORWARD 





fibreglass covered cylinders came and were soon made 
redundant by the carbon fibre composite revolution. By 
the end of the 1990s things were looking up for the 
users of SCBA with light weight materials, superior 
performance and only minor technical barriers between 
what was available and what was deemed necessary for 
the ultimate SCBA. 

A Great Leap Forward 

That was the cue for manufacturers to stand up to the 
plate and take the lead in the revolution of SCBA into the 
21st century. The new generation designs appeared in 2003 
and the future of SCBA was suddenly here. In a flurry of 
technological advances, technicians around the globe 
designed and manufactured the first truly user friendly Self 
Contained Breathing Apparatus with fully functional automatic 
telemetry capabilities, full integrated ergonomics in the carrier 
system and new innovations in the pneumatics. 

In one tremendous step forward for emergency workers, who 
operate in some of the most hostile environments on earth, the next 
generation protection is available today. 

The new generation designs are based on revolutionary SCBA with 
improved pneumatics technology that provides over 500 Ipm of air flow for two users 
with positive pressure protection and all new pressure reducers which now provide a 
staggering 9 year overhaul period. 

One pressure reducer design incorporates a patented single air-hose providing both 
high pressure (HP) and low pressure (LP) air service in 
the same hose. That hose is directed up through a 
protective channel in the multi functional 
back-plate and over the left shoulder to the air 
distribution block which is located on the users 
left chest. 

The air distribution block at the end of the 
integrated high and low pressure air-hose houses 
the two safety couplings to cater for two 
demand valve hoses, the high pressure gauge 
and the low pressure warning whistle. A 
secondary analogue gauge is included in the 
system even though there is also a digital gauge 
integrated into the telemetry system. 

Demand valve models include unique hemi- 
spherical shape designs that allow emergency 
service workers who operate with fire fighting or 
safety gloves to handle the control knob with 
ease. The demand valve is attached to the full face 
mask via a patented self centring docking system. 
The docking system allows gloved hands to easily 
locate and dock the demand valve onto the mask. In 
another user friendly feature the demand valve switches 
from positive pressure to the park position as it is removed from the mask without 
operating any additional buttons or levers. 

There have been major steps forward in the critical area of ergonomics. Back-plate 
designs make it possible to easily adjust to three different lengths so that any user 
from shorter than 1 ,5m to taller than 2.0m can wear the same SCBA without discom- 
fort or incorrect sizing. Adjustments are rapidly and easily achieved before donning the 
unit by moving two large buttons and sliding the 
back-plate into a longer or shorter position. 

Broad lumbar support waist belts are 
single point mounted to the back-plate 
to allow for limited side swivel which 
provides significant ergonomic bene- 
fits for the user during operation. 

Waist belts straps are pulled forward 
from the side mounted adjustment 


^COMPRESSORS^ 

( JM ) 


www.lw.com.sg 
BREATHING AIR COMPRESSORS 
FOR PROFESSIONAL FIREFIGHTING 

From 100 to 1300 1/min up to 420 bar 





Fire truck with LW 1300 and accessories 


L&W Compressors + Systems Pte Ltd 

5 Tank Road, #02-02, 238061 Singapore 
Tel: +65 6732 1 178, Fax: +65 6732 1176 
fire@lw.com.sg, www.lw.com.sg 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


37 



NEW GENERATION SCBA 


NEW TECHNOLOGY SCBA - A GIANT STEP FORWARD 



buckles in a manner similar to that used in the 
design of parachute harnesses. 

Shoulder harnesses manufactured from sand- 
wiched padded flame retardant material include 
designs that attach all the components together at 
the top. This prevents the shoulder straps from 
falling off the shoulder if they are not sufficiently 
tightened. 

With so many outstanding SCBA pneumatics 
and carrier system developments taking place, a 
true Microsoft Windows based telemetry system 
has been designed. This can now provide unprece- 
dented data communication between the SCBA 
and the user and also the control centre outside 
the danger area. 

These systems include a number of individual 
parts that operate together to achieve the desired 
outcome: 

• A small actuation device that operates when 
pressurized. It is attached to the SCBA back- 
plate and to the pressure reducer by a high 
pressure tube. When the unit senses pressure 
from the HP reducer, it transmits the pressure 
via a radio signal over a very short distance. 

• An interactive, user carried, Integrated Control 
Module is the core of the system. It is attached 
to the carry harness of the SCBA with a 
releasable clip and is easily accessed and read 
by the user. The system is fully automatic and 
requires no actions from the operator to start it 
or operate it. It switches on whenever a trans- 
mission is received from the SCBA it has been 
mated to. The Integrated Control Module has 
three functional buttons and a large LCD 
screen. The three buttons provide the user with 
the ability to send a distress signal to the base 
station, provide backlight in bad visibility 
situations and switch off all the alarms except 
the high temperature and low pressure alarms 
which cannot be switched off until the SCBA 
has been de-pressurized. The Integrated 
Control Module also enables the user to receive 
an evacuation signal from the base station, 
view the time until the low pressure warning 
signal activates and to check the cylinder 
pressure at any time. The centrally located 
personal alarm button flashes green when all 
functions are within normal parameters and it 
switches to red when ever an alarm or distress 
signal is activated. This feature allows all 
operators within visual contact of each other to 
see the status of their companions Integrated 
Control Module. This device will also monitor 


atmospheric temperature and goes into 
temperature alarm if the time weighted aver- 
age of the temperature that the operator has 
been exposed to reaches a dangerous level. The 
Integrated Control Module carries 50 hours of 
user activity in its onboard memory. Any new 
activity will override the oldest data stored on 
the Integrated Control Module. The data can 
be downloaded from the Integrated Control 
Module to a computer if necessary. 

• A Tablet PC is used for the base station. It is a 
rugged, sturdy design fitted with a receiver and 
transmitter module and it has been pro- 
grammed to run a comprehensive telemetry 
computer program. The Tablet PC is another 
stand alone component of the system. It does 
not need to be manned at all times because the 
extremely flexible Integrated Control Module 
can be programmed to be many things, one of 
which is an alarm pager. When the Integrated 
Control Module is switched to the alarm pager 
mode it can be carried by a control operator 
who operates within 50 metres of the base 
station and it goes into alarm to alert the 
control operator of a situation that may 
requires his attention. 

• There is an alternative base station that attaches 
to a standard laptop computer. 

• A Tag Writer is the component of the system 
that allows for users personal details to be 
written to the user's personal identification tag. 
It is also the interface component that allows 
for data that has been stored on the Integrated 
Control Module to be downloaded to a 
computer. 

• The personal ID tag, with user identification 
details are very simply transferred to the 
Integrated Control Module so that the data 
that is being recorded during operation can be 
identified to the user. The Tag can also be easily 
used to activate the Integrated Control Module 
to perform other functions such as a repeater 
station that acts to transmit data that cannot 
be reached in a direct line by another user, an 
alarm pager, and it can be used to put the 
Integrated Control Module to sleep to save 
battery life. 

The one conclusion that can be drawn from the 
introduction of new generation Personal Monitors, 
Self Contained Breathing Apparatus and Telemetry 
Equipment is that emergency workers lives are 
now much safer and the future looks more 
positive as developments for even more adva nced 
features are pursued. EEQ 



38 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


BAUER 


COMPRESSORS 



Verticus 5 / KAP 5 stationary compressor 

The most advance modular unit system used in fire stations with 
SPC-compressor control B-CONTROL, P Filter System and integrated 
filling panel. The unit can be upgraded to a silenced unit VERTICUS 5 
type and additional filter housings, refrigeration dryer AIR-KOOL, 
external filling panels as well as storage cylinders can be easily fitted. 



Mariner 250/320 


The power pack for larger delivery of air, 2501/m and 3201/min.A newly 
developed, super-light aluminium chassis guarantees the best protection 
against corrosion! Inter- and after coolers made of stainless steel resist 
the toughest climatic conditions.The construction of the motor rocker 
stand reduces vibration for smooth operation as well as self-tensioning 
of the v-belt drive. 


BAUER offers only Independently Tested Containment Fill 
Stations which were found to protect the operator from 
overpressure and fragmentation per NFPA 1901. 

Containment Fill Stations - Stationary & Mobile 

High-Pressure Breathing Air Compressors and 
Auxiliary Equipment 
Worldwide Sales and Service Network 

BAUER COMPRESSORS ASIA PTE 

2 Alexandra Road #0I-03A Delta House, Singapore 
Tel: +(65) 6271 6271 
Fax: +(65) 6272 3345 
http://www.bauergroup.com 
Email: info@bauer-compressors.com.sg 



LTD 

159919 






AIR 


Exclusive to A & A Dusseldorf - 
the NEW CE Atlantair™ range of 
SCBA from Avon Protection Systems 


VisiHj^Hlall 5 - Stanc^B34^ 


Avon Protection Systems 

Flampton Park West 
Semington Road, Melksham 
SN12 6NB UK 

Tel: +44 (0)1225 896705 
Fax: +44 (0)1225 896301 

PROTECTION 

www.avon-protection.com 

protection@avon-mbber.com Trusted in Flazardous Environments 


AVfN 


Avon Protection Systems 
new Atlantair™ range of 
fire-fighting, industrial 
and tactical Self 
Contained Breathing 


Apparatus, offer 
true operational 
flexibility. 


• Unique 3-size mask system is low profile, with 
wide field of vision. 

• Optional integrated demand valve including the 
Airswitch® system for instant air. 

• Butyl mask options offer fully CBRN compliant 
system - as standard. 

• Silicone mask options for enhanced comfort. 

• Meets latest edition EN137 class 2, with resistance to 
radiant heat and flame engulfment - as standard. 

• Integrated design approach provides for a clean low 
profile system. 

• Optional integrated voice communications and head 
up display - fully intrinsically safe. 

• Choice of ergonomically designed harness and 
backplate configurations for maximum comfort and 
adjustability. 

• Full range of cylinder options and system accessories 
including: 

• Cylinder fast fill 

• Wireless personal alert 

• Low spares requirement reduces cost of ownership. 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


39 





Drager X-am 7000 is the innovative portable multi-gas warning 
instrument ideal for personal and area monitoring of combustible 
gases and vapours in the ambient air. It can be fitted with three 
electrochemical and two infrared optical or catalytic or photo- 
ionisation sensors for the continuous measurement of up to 
five gases simultaneously. 

With a choice of over 25 sensors available for the detection of 
more than 100 gases and vapours, the Drager X-am 7000 can 
be flexibly adapted to meet the various application tasks in the 
chemical industry, the oil and natural gas industry, the offshore 
industry and by the fire brigades. 


Drager Safety Asia Pte Ltd *Tel +65 6872 9288 • Fax +65 6773 2033 • E-mail : dsa.singapore@draeger.com 


Drager X-am 7000 


Detection 

Personal Protection 
Diving Equipment 
Systems Technology 
Services 


Drager safety 


www.draeger.com 







Don't Learn by 
Accident 


By Sarah Ursulan 

Communications 
Coordinator 
BW Technologies by 
Honeywell 


The Importance of Training 

Recently, a group of contractors were at a petrochemical facility in the United 
States. Their portable single gas detectors began to alarm, showing dangerous 
levels of hydrogen sulphide (H 2 S). Knowing that there was no H 2 S present in the 
facility, the contractors continued to work. An eventual investigation into the 
incident showed that the contractors were being exposed to sulfur dioxide (S0 2 ). 
Their detectors were alarming because of the cross-sensitivity reaction of the H 2 S 
sensor to S0 2 . 


A lthough none of the contractors perished, 
the incident could have been potentially 
i deadly. With proper training, the workers 
would have reacted to the alarm situation without 
analyzing why their monitors were going into 
alarm. However, believing that proper training and 
procedures would be paramount at all facilities 
would be a complacent misconception. Despite 
large profits, many companies neglect the training 
of their workers, contractors and visitors. Inade- 
quate training in all areas of gas detection, can 
easily lead to serious accidents, even fatalities. 

Training is an integral part of safety. Providing a 
worker with a gas detector and showing them the 


area in which they will work is not a recipe for 
success. Without educating workers on how to 
properly use all necessary personal protective 
equipment (PPE), safety training and the impor- 
tance of procedures, employees and facilities can 
always be at risk. 

Unless you know what to protect 
yourself from . . . 

If you are not aware of the dangers present in the 
workplace, you cannot protect yourself from 
them. Education on the theory of gas detection is 
an important start. Industries that entail confined 
space entry can be very different from each other, 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


41 



TRAINING 


DON'T LEARN BY ACCIDENT 


even though the four most common hazards are 
oxygen deficiency, hydrogen sulphide, carbon 
monoxide and methane. For example confined 
space entry in aircraft fuel tanks presents the dan- 
ger of jet fuel while in wineries and breweries, the 
threat of carbon dioxide presents an additional 
danger. Training workers on the hazards specific to 
their application and industry increases the safety 
of staff and the facility. 

Understanding the symptoms of exposure is sig- 
nificant after learning which toxic hazards may be 
present in the work environment. The misconcep- 
tion that hydrogen sulphide (H 2 S) always smells 
like rotten eggs can be potentially deadly. At low 
concentrations, H 2 S does smell of rotten eggs, 
however at 20 to 30 parts per million (ppm), sense 
of smell is deadened by paralysing the respiratory 
centre of the brain and olfactory nerve. If workers 
are relying on sense of smell to alert them to the 
danger of H 2 S, levels may reach deadly concentra- 
tions. With proper training, an understanding of 


dure and training were both at fault for the acci- 
dent. With basic hazard recognition training and 
portable gas detectors, workers could have been 
alerted to the dangerous atmosphere. The lack of 
proper policies and procedure were also to blame. 

Rules 

The tragedy at the Sullivan Mine illustrates the 
importance of having strictly enforced policies and 
procedures that all employees and contractors are 
made aware of repeatedly. The owners of the 
mine came under scrutiny for not posting signs 
alerting staff to the confined space in the shed 
and for having employees working alone without 
periodically checking in. 

Having all employees, contractors and visitors 
adhering strictly to the rules and regulations of a 
facility improves safety, but everyone must be 
aware of the guidelines. Repetitive training rein- 
forces knowledge of the rules at the facility. 

Similarly, being familiar with the NIOSH or 


PPE may vary between facilities, industries 
and applications, and can include fall, hearing, 
foot, eye and respiratory protection in 
addition to a gas monitor. Understanding 
what a portable gas detector can do and 
what it cannot do allows workers to 
maximize their protection. 


dangerous ppm levels and their corresponding 
physiological responses for all gases that potential- 
ly are present can be used to assess situations and 
properly interpret gas detector readings. 

Training on the theory of gas detection also 
includes the characteristics of toxic hazards. Car- 
bon monoxide is colourless and odourless. With- 
out a gas detector, its presence may go unnoticed 
until hazardous levels are reached. With a better 
understanding of gas hazards, the need for safety 
measures is emphasized. 

Similarly, exploring the causes of potentially 
deadly atmospheric hazards is a fundamental part 
of gas detection theory. Oxygen deficiency is a 
concern during confined space entry, and causes 
can include displacement, microbial action, oxida- 
tion and combustion. 

In May 2006, a contractor, Doug Erickson, 
entered a shed built above a water pit to collect 
drainage water for sampling at the decommissioned 
Sullivan Mine in B.C, Canada. Low oxygen air had 
been seeping into the sump from a drainage pipe 
creating an oxygen deficient atmosphere. Doug 
Erickson succumbed, but was in the shed for two 
days until another contractor, who was also work- 
ing alone, attempted to locate him. That employee 
and two paramedics who later entered the shed 
also succumbed. Issues and shortcomings in proce- 


OSHA guidelines that govern your facility is impor- 
tant for all staff. Training and awareness are the 
first step in creating a culture of safety. 

More Training? 

Training specific to certain industries and applica- 
tions is often available. Confined space training is 
available to increase awareness of potential dan- 
gers. Upon completion, participants are able to 
identify confined spaces and understand the asso- 
ciated hazards. Additional courses may cover prop- 
er entry procedures, how to operate within the 
confined space and utilizing appropriate personal 
protective equipment (PPE). Any employees who 
may have to make a rescue from a confined space 
can take special courses usually including simulat- 
ed rescues. 

After completion of gas detection theory, proce- 
dural orientation for the facility, and confined 
space training or other courses applicable to your 
work environment, it is important to know how to 
properly use your personal protective equipment 
(PPE). PPE may vary between facilities, industries 
and applications, and can include fall, hearing, 
foot, eye and respiratory protection in addition to 
a gas monitor. Understanding what a portable gas 
detector can do and what it cannot do allows 
workers to maximize their protection. 


42 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



Wear yellow. Work safe. 


.t 





Fixed, stand-alone and the GasAlert family of portable gas detectors 


With a full range of simple, reliable and cost effective products, BW Technologies is a world leader in gas detection 
safety. Monitoring an extensive range of gases, our easy to use single and multi-gas portable detectors are 
small and lightweight, making them comfortable to wear. The solution to your gas detection needs is simple. 

Wear yellow. Work safe. 





TRAINING 


DON'T LEARN BY ACCIDENT 


Back to Basics 

Every gas detector comes with a manual that 
explains the standard parts of the monitor (includ- 
ing sensors and batteries), activating and deacti- 
vating the detector and how to attach accessories. 
Comprehension of a detector's abilities allows the 
user to maximize its efficiency. Always read and 
continue to review the manual that comes with 
your personal protective equipment. 

User options allow the customization of the 
detector to suit certain applications and situations. 
With multi-language support, workers can under- 
stand the information that the device is providing. 
A passcode protect function may be equally useful 
in preventing unauthorized access once the detec- 
tor is used in the field. Without adequate training, 
these user options may not be properly utilized 
leading to potentially deadly situations. If a worker 
cannot understand the information provided by 
the detector, they may be put at significant risk. 

Cleaning and caring for a gas detection device 
properly also allows for maximum efficiency. Cer- 


erly between calibration intervals. Today recom- 
mended calibration intervals vary, but there is 
unanimous agreement amongst manufacturers 
that verifying the function of portable safety gas 
detectors between calibrations is necessary. Since 
many users do not understand why functional 
bump testing is necessary, the practice is often not 
adopted. In some areas of the world functional 
bump testing personal gas detectors between cali- 
bration intervals is virtually unheard of. Training on 
all aspects of gas detection will help create an 
awareness in these countries. 

Photoionizaton detector sensors can suffer a 
loss of sensitivity if internal components such as 
the ultraviolet lamp or sensing electrodes become 
dirty through everyday use. Performing a function- 
al bump test with a known concentration of gas 
will enable the user to determine if the PID is 
responding properly. 

Even though the gas detector performs diagnos- 
tic checks at start up and during operation it is 
often not possible to detect a problem with sensor 


While calibration adjusts sensor accuracy, 
between calibrations the only way to confirm 
that a gas detector is functioning properly and 
is capable of responding to gas is to expose 
the instrument to a concentration of target 
gas high enough to initiate an alarm situation 
while the instrument is in operating mode in a 
fresh air environment. 


tain solvents, citrus, alcohol or silicone based prod- 
ucts, soaps or polishers should not be used to 
clean the exterior of detectors. Choose the manu- 
facturer recommended cleaner in order to ensure 
the sensors and detector are not being damaged. 

Proper maintenance of a gas detector goes 
beyond cleaning. Calibration and bump testing is 
an important part of ensuring that a detector is 
functioning properly. 

While calibration adjusts sensor accuracy, 
between calibrations the only way to confirm that 
a gas detector is functioning properly and is capa- 
ble of responding to gas is to expose the instru- 
ment to a concentration of target gas high 
enough to initiate an alarm situation while the 
instrument is in operating mode in a fresh air envi- 
ronment. This procedure is often referred to as a 
functional bump test. 

In the evolution of safety gas detection instru- 
mentation, functional bump testing is a relatively 
new practice. There was a time when calibration 
was recommended frequently, even daily, but as 
sensor technology and sensor performance 
became better understood, the frequency began 
to lengthen. As calibration frequency decreased it 
was just assumed a detector was operating prop- 


response. For example, the detector can not warn 
users that sensor ports are obstructed by dirt, oil, 
or some other substance, the capillary pore of an 
oxygen sensor is blocked, or the catalytic bead of a 
combustible sensor has been poisoned. Either way, 
if gas is not able to reach the gas detector sensor, 
the sensor is not able to detect its presence. 

In addition to training through the use of man- 
uals, many gas detector manufacturers and distrib- 
utors offer training sessions that are specific to 
certain industries and applications. Interactive 
training CDs are produced by some companies 
and can be a useful training tool. 

Reinforcement 

Continued education is important to reinforce 
what is learned during: 

• Gas detection theory 

• Facility rules, regulations and procedure 

• Gas detector training 

Without repeated training sessions, complacen- 
cy can set in. Training on atmospheric hazards and 
how to safely work in potentially dangerous envi- 
ronments is imperative to the safety of both the 
employees and facility. Above all, training should 
never be neglected. EUS 


44 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


VFR2000 

Intervention helmet 
for Fire Fighters 

Technological eyoltition ' 
with levels of performance above 
the European safety standards 

The VFR2000, certificated 
according to the UNI EN 433 norms, 
conforms to safety requirements 
greater than thosjS required 
by the law. 

All thekonslituent cornpoi^^fc 
of the VFR2000 have been studied 
to permit the maximum protection 
from blows and radiant Jfeat 
coijtbined with practicality 
and comfort. 

Available in different colours. 

The helmet is set up and 
certificated to be used with the 
following optional accessories: 

I i Standard type devices to protect 
the breathing 

•-Devices to protect the neck and 
shoulders 

«* Illumination devices consisting of 
• lamp and support 
• Radio communication systems 
• Refracting bands 

You can asfrfor detailled rapid r || ease and qlljc J k re , ease 

informative materials. of mask 2 points buckle 


SICOR 



Refracting 

bands 


Outer shell 
in composite 
materials 


Reflecting 

screen 



SICOR SpA - 20016 Pero Ml - Italy - Via Pisacane, 23/A - Tel. +39 02 3539041 - Fax +39 02 3539060 

E-Mail info@sicor-sureco.it 
www.sicor-sureco.it - www.vfr2000.info 





- r y- 


’ 


r f - Y? 


fc: w; 


WHEN TIME MATTERS. 

When lives are at stake 
When Safety is key. 


Choose the brand 


THE TOP TRAINING AND 


RESCUE TEAMS CHOOSE. 


f * 

U//I. 


T /V/\^/V7~ BRAND SAWS ARE A DIVISION OF 


1 - 800 - 745-3282 • WWW.UNIFIREUSA.COM 






LIFTING EQUIPMENT 



Hydraulic Rams 
versus Lifting 
Bags 

Lifting heavy structures. Hydraulic 
or Pneumatic? 


By Jack Kusters 


The need for lifting a heavy object is a common scenario's during a rescue 
operation, such as the need to lift a truck during a road traffic accident or a 
structure during a collapsed building. Which tools are available for this task 
and what are the aspects to keep in mind when using lifting equipment. 

I often get confronted with the question which tools to use for lifting and 
what to keep in mind. 


Managing Director, 
Artesis Academy 


M ost people prefer the use of lifting bags 
but I also get the question if hydraulic 
rams can be used. Most logical and best 
tools for the job are lifting bags, but what would 
be the reasons for that? To answer the question I 
will go into lifting in general, the aspects involved 
which will give the basics in order to be able to 
answer the question at hand. What to keep in 
mind when lifting and the importance of training 
and choosing the right equipment. 

Emergency Lifting in general 

Emergency lifting is, or should be common tasks in 
a rescue environment. Lifting is generally used for 
two objectives. 1 . To create space to free an 
entrapped victim, or 2 to lift an object to be able 
to extricate the victim in the object it is trapped in. 


Although there are more scenario's where lifting 
tools are used, most common are in collapsed 
structures, and in road traffic accidents involving 
heavy objects like a truck. It is a common thought 
that lifting is generally performed during a 
collapsed structure or entrapment below a large 
object. But the need for lifting during a road traffic 
accident is much higher than many times 
perceived. When a car is trapped under a truck the 
necessity to lift the truck of the car first is as 
essential as the extrication performed afterwards. 
The reason for this is simply that the load of the 
truck is resting on the car that will be cut. As long 
as the load is resting on the car, extrication cannot 
and must not be preformed! Shifting of loads can 
have are huge impact. The victim can get 
entrapped even more or the shock due to the load 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


47 





LIFTING EQUIPMENT 


shifting can hurt the victim. Nobody should want 
this and take the risk not to first lift and stabilize. 

My motto is in the case that an object is stuck 
under an object, is to Crib, Lift, Follow the Load, 
Secure and then Extricate. In the five step 
approach there is one point to discuss separately 
and that is following the load. It is often thought 
that when lifting there is only a need to secure at 
the end of the lift, but no that is not enough! 
Always follow the load with a tool not used for 
the lifting operation. If the load shifts or the load 
drops it is caught by the tool stabilizing the object. 
For small heights this can be cribbing blocks and 
for higher objects struts or shoring tools are most 
generally used. There is a saying in the US by a 
colleague that says, lift a inch, crib an inch and 
fully agree with that statement. 



•Cutters ^ 
•Spreaders 
•CombinationTools 
•RescueRams 
•HydraulicPowerUnits 
•Accessories 


ProductsaccordingtoNFPAI 936andEN1 3204 


LANCIER 

Hydraulik 


Outstanding Power to Weight Ratio 


Compact 
Simo-Pump 
powerful 
less weight 
space saving 


LANCIERHydraulik GmbH&Co.KG 
von-Siemens-Str. 1 ,483460stbevern 
Germany, Phone+49(0)2532957080 


www.lancier-hydraulik.com 



For securing the object, the same tools are used 
but then the object is put fixated and be able to 
shift anymore. 

This principle is the same for lifting objects 
which the case of a collapsed structure or with an 
entrapped victim that only can be freed by lifting. 
There is a rule of thumb called the shoulder to 
shoulder. Lifting never needs to go higher then the 
width of the shoulders, as this is enough to free a 
victim generally. This being said, there are always 
exceptions to the rule so your tools needs to be 
able to go higher. 

Aspects of lifting 

To understand which tools can be used and which 
equipment is best suitable, it is necessary to look 
at the scenario and objectives more closely. 

The main objective is to lift an object to a 
needed height in a safe and controllable manner. 
This all boils down to ensuring the least amount of 
risk for the operation. Sometimes a tool may look 
like the best and fastest option, but what risks are 
you taking? This is essential element in lifting! So 
many times I have seen and heard operations 
where the scenario was not talked through well 
and choices were made too quickly to save a little 
time in the beginning. This has negative 
consequences. Examples include that the point 
where lifted from could not hold up the load. Or 
the tool used could not make the whole lift 
required. Not stabilizing and therefore allowing 
the load the shift making the tool roll out. 

Things that influence the risk are the stability 
during the lift, and things like safety factors. A 


48 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 






HYDRAULIC RAMS VERSUS LIFTING BAGS 



main topic is the radius, or arc movement 
that is created during a lift. An object is 
never lifted straight up into the air. (If it 
does, it means you are floating a load, 
which should never be attempted. One 
fixed point should always be secured and 
act as rotation point.) Seen an object is lift- 
ed from which one side secured a radius or 
arc will be created. Your tooling should be 
able to cope with this arc movement easily. 

Other aspect is height in relation to 
capacity. Capacity or force is simply 
pressure x area. So to create equal capacity 
with a smaller area more pressure is 
needed, and visa versa. How this relates to 
your tooling we will discuss later on. 

An other aspect is contact area. The 
smaller the surface area you are lifting the 
higher the forces you are putting on the 
object. Height is in relation to insertion 
height and extended height is another 
aspect. In lifting insertion height is 
essential, mostly to be slim enough to be 
able to insert and find the correct point to 
lift from. 

Last but not least is the ease of use. 
How fast can the systems be deployed? 
How easy can you lift? Think about 
placement, but also about the need for 
cribbing, sharp objects and the availability 
of hard point to lift from (keep in mind the 
relation to the forces you are putting on 
the objects. The smaller the area you are 
lifting from the stronger it needs to be). 


Rams versus Lifting bags 

Having explained the aspects of lifting you 
may already understand why I promote the 
use of airbags almost anytime above the 
use of rams. I will explain my point of 
view, by stating that rams seem easy to 
use and a quick solution but it is not when 
this is put next to the risks involved. 

When using a ram to lift, the length or 
insertion height is enormous which results 
in the need to place the ram on the 
outside of the object that needs to be 
lifted. On the outside of the object the 
strength of your lifting points tend to be 
lower than inwards. Think about the 
chassis compared to build up or roof 
buildup of the truck. Or the edge of a con- 
crete structure compared to the inside of 
the structure. When using rams this point 
is worse seen the lifting surface area. With 
a ram it is extremely small putting more 
stress on your object that needs to be 
lifted which makes the need for a strong 
lifting point more essential. At the same 
time don't forget the ground surface. 
Lifting a load cannot be done a soft sur- 
face due to the same surface area. This will 
result in the need for cribbing costing 
time. 

Another point is to the arc movement 
we talked about, and that is that the fur- 
ther away from the turning point (fixed 
point) the higher more the arc movement 
needs to be. Rams and the extensions 


NEW AMK-21 
CUTTER 
WITH 360° 
ROTATING 



Gives you a comfortable 
and secure grip - at 
any angle of attack! 

RESCUE^ SYSTEMS 

We're in it Together. 

Ph. 630.515.1800 
Fax: 630.515.8866 
2700 Wisconsin Ave. 
Downers Grove, IL 60515 USA 
www.amkus.com email: 
experts@amkus.com 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


49 




LIFTING EQUIPMENT 


used are not intended to cope with an arc 
movement (see drawing). With a high arc lift it is 
not recommended to use a ram. 

Another point is the lifting itself. A large object 
needs to be lifted on two points generally. Using a 
ram would mean that two rams should be operated 
simultaneously. This is a delicate process! Two 
people close to the lifting object trying to 
coordinate exact timing is not easily done. Lifting 
bags truly share the load and can be monitored by 
seeing the pressure in one central point. Related to 
this point is that if rams are used the hard point 
used to lift, many time is also the point needed to 
secure the load with struts. 

Besides the arc movement we talked about 
rams are less stable than airbags. The surface area 
is so small that a small change of load can be 
enough to trough the whole operation lose. 

Other downsides of a ram are the weight 
compared to lifting bags. Another difference 



CLholmatrd 

rescue eauioment 




olmatro 


CORE Tec 

Quicker, easier and safer 


no 


ogy 


number 


in the world 


Make the most of your techniques and proce- 
dures and discover the unprecedented benefits 
CORE™ offers. 

Working with CORE™ saves time, is more user- 
friendly, means more efficient use of manpower 
and is safer. 


for a reason 


www.holmatro.com 


Holmatro Rescue Equipment - RO. Box 33 - 4940 AA Raamsdonksveer - The Netherlands 
T +31 (0)162 - 58 92 00 - E info@holmatro.com 



between rams and lifting bags are that rams have 
the same lifting capacity throughout the lift seen 
the one action cylinder. Lifting bags in general get 
a smaller service area seen they become rounder, 
losing power when they get higher. There are both 
advantage and disadvantages to both. 

That brings me back to my starting argument to 
see if rams tend to seem easier in use than 
airbags. I can understand why this may seem. 
Many users still see lifting bags as the square bags 
that are hard to stack and have limited height. A 
lot has changed, but will be discussed below. 
A ram is a more commonly used tool which is hold 
by hand, where at the moment you operate, it 
moves the object. But I hope the above shows that 
this is a limited view. 

With rams it is as necessary to know what you 
are doing as with airbags. Mistakes are made 
during the cribbing and securing not in lifting so 
much. I have noticed that this is due to lack of basic 
knowledge of lifting in general and not because of 
the tool. I have seen incidents with both kinds of 
tools where loads shift (making the tool roll out) 
and people put it under bad luck or blame the 
equipment - let me be in your face and say this has 
nothing to do with bad luck, but just not following 
basic principles like cribbing and securing the load. 
With airbags there is less risk and are easier to use, 
but you have to know the basics. 

Lifting equipment 

Things have become a lot easier since the first 
introduction of lifting bags. Let's look into some of 
the equipment for safely and quickly lift. 

If you still like the capability to be able to lift 
something with a ram take a look at the acces- 
sories available. Like special adaptors for more grip 
or a ram jack that several suppliers offer. 

For lifting bags we mainly are three systems 
available. Low pressure Ibar, Square 8 bar bags, 
and the NT lifting concept at 10 bar. The low 
pressure are to unstable to be used in rescue 


50 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



LIFTING EQUIPMENT 


HYDRAULIC RAMS VERSUS LIFTING BAGS 


operations where most fire brigades don't use 
them anymore. The new technology bag, revert as 
NT bags, combine the advantages of low pressure 
and high pressure. They have the height and 
surface area of a low pressure bag and the 
capacity of a high pressure one. 

The difference between the square and NT bags 
are many of which one is the ability of the NT to 
be connected, which gives the NT bag the ability 
to lift to any needed height and coop with the arc 
movement. Another big advantage is the ability to 
lift directly on hard points eliminating the need for 
time consuming cribbing material. 

When looking at a bag purchase also look at 
the capacity of a bag in specific height, as 
bags tend to lose capacity when growing, as a 
result of a smaller surface area. Of course safety 
factors and easy of use of the accessories is also 
important. 

Other equipment necessary are cribbing materi- 
al and struts. Nowadays rescuers generally do not 
use wood anymore but the compressed plastic 
ones. They come in all sizes and shapes. Some 
allow the cribbing to easily follow the load during 
a lift. Struts come in all shapes and sizes. Mostly 
keep in mind ease of use and versatility, that can 
make it easy to follow the load. 

Summary 

Lifting is an essential operation for emergency sce- 
nario's where attention should be sent in choosing 
the right equipment and training. It is my opinion 
lifting bags are the only tool for lifting object in 
most scenarios. With lifting it is essential to know 


what you are doing then lifting is not hard at all. 
Always follow the simple steps: Crib, Lift, Follow, 
Secure and Extricate. 

To learn more about emergency lifting or 
get training contact Jack Kusters, at Ar tesis 
Academy. EEQ 

Jack Kusters is a expert in extrication and rescue in 
general. With over more than 29 years as a fireman he 
has worked for several organisations. He started as a 
fireman and did the rescue job in practice. Several 
educations and training later he was promoted to fire 
chief but his love for the extrication stays. He wrote 
several books and articles and gives lessons all over the 
world. Many of the tools and equipment that we use 
now in extrication are the brainwave from Kusters, 
where manufacturers have translated the idea into a 
useful product. These included the development of 
hydraulic tools, stabilization and lifting equipment for 
different manufacturers. At the beginning of the 90's, he 
developed a new system for extrication for the Dutch 
emergency response services. He was asked by the Dutch 
government to investigate all techniques used around 
the world to see if it would be possible to improve them 
and come up with a global approach. This has become 
known as the "Kusters" approach. 

Kusters is now managing director for Artesis Academy. 
An international advisory organisation that helps fire 
fighting services in several areas such as training 
solutions, development of guidelines and the building of 
training centers. 

Email: j.kusters@artesis.nl 
Website: www.artesis.nl 


r 





RESQTEC Zumro Asia Sdn Bhd Subang Hi-Tech Industrial Park, E asia@resqtec.com T + 603 5621 5298 

Lot 5, Jin Delima 1/1, 40 000 Shah Alam, Malaysia W www.resqtec.com F + 603 5621 2895 


V 


V 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


51 




Fire Suppression Solutions 





Thame Park Road 
Thame 
Oxfordshire 
0X9 3RT. UK 

Tel: +44 (0) 1844 265003 
Fax: +44 (0) 1844 265156 
Email: info@kfp.co.uk. 
Web: www.kfp.co.uk 




FM-200® 

C0 2 

Argon ite 

3M™ Novec™ 1230 
Fire Protection Fluid 

Water Mist 


With a bewildering array of fire 
suppression products available today, 
it's hard to know which one to use for 
your specific application. 

Kidde Fire Protection's total capability 
in fire suppression offers unbiased 
guidance, enabling you to select the 
right fire suppression product. 

For further information on how Kidde 
Fire Protection can help you choose, 
call us today. 


3M and Novec are trademarks of 3M Company. 

FM-200® is a trademark of Great Lakes Chemical Corporation. 




By Mike Willson 

Angus Fire 



New Fire 
Protection 
Technology for 
lnc Hazards 


Angus Fire has conducted a series of pioneering large-scale tests on the 
effectiveness of foam and application equipment on Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) 
fires. Natural gas is the cleanest burning of all fossil fuels, and global demand for 
it as an energy source is growing rapidly. The tests were organised to re-evaluate 
current fire protection equipment and techniques in realistic fire scenarios. The 
venue for the tests was the new world-class LNG testing and training facility 
developed and sponsored by BP in collaboration with Texas A&M University 
Emergency Services Training Institute (ESTI). 


Cold fuel 

When natural gas is chilled to -164°C at atmos- 
pheric pressure, it condenses into a cryogenic 
liquid, takes 620 times less space, and can be 
economically shipped around the world aboard 
ocean-going tankers, just like oil. Once landed, it 
is transferred to storage tanks, and then returned 
to its gaseous form before being fed into pipelines 
to reach industrial end-users and domestic cookers 
and gas boilers. 

When LNG is warmed up and turned into 
natural gas it is flammable within a very limited 
range. If the mixture of natural gas with air 
contains less than 5% natural gas, it cannot burn 
because it is too lean. If the mixture contains more 
than 15% natural gas, it is too rich to burn. But 


between 5 and 15%, watch out! 

The big problem with LNG is that if it catches 
fire it gives off twice the amount of heat of an 
equivalent sized gasoline fire! Heat emissions are 
the principal cause of damage from LNG fires, 
capable of causing severe damage to personnel, 
structural steelwork, plant and adjacent facilities if 
left unchecked. 

The props 

LNG terminals and facilities follow practices that 
are different in some ways from those in other 
industrial installations. For example, many LNG 
facilities have piping laid in trenches to contain any 
leaks. ESTI has a 19m 2 L-shaped trench to simulate 
just such an LNG pipeline. 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


53 




LNG TESTING 


NEW FIRE PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY FOR LNG HAZARDS 


Flames shoot 30 metres 
into the air during LNG 
fire tests 



The new facilities at ESTI, referred to as "the 
props", consist of four parts - a trench; two 1 .2m 
deep pits with areas of 9.3m 2 and 65m 2 ; and a 
third pit, 2.4m deep covering 45m 2 . The three pits 
represent typical impounding basins in an LNG 
facility. The third pit includes a simulation of the 
LNG manifold on an LNG tanker and the steel deck 
and hull of a ship simulating the facilities used 
during LNG offloading. The added depth enables a 
water base to be used that simulates the sea. 

Vapour dispersion 

If LNG spills on to the ground, it starts to vaporise 
instantly. The cold LNG vapour condenses moisture 
in the air above to produce a white vapour cloud. 
Containment is the first objective. Then there is 
the option to allow this process to continue, 
provided you can control the vapour and there is 
no ignition source nearby. 

Alternatively, the flammable vapours can be 
dispersed away from potential ignition sources 
more quickly by warming up the LNG. Water or 
low expansion foam should not be applied directly 
on to LNG to do this, since the heat transfer from 
the water causes a severe reaction as a result of 
the LNG vaporising too quickly. This was graphically 
demonstrated in the "marine pit" where LNG 


vaporisation rates on water were around five times 
that on land. 

Water curtains can be used to control the drift 
of the LNG vapour. But these can be difficult to 
place correctly with changing wind direction, and 
the water must not be allowed to come into 
contact with the LNG spill. 

A good quality Expandol high expansion foam 
blanket is a far more gentle and effective way of 
warming LNG and controlling vaporisation. The 
highly aerated foam at 500:1 expansion ratio 
provides a thick, light blanket with much lower 
water content per unit volume than conventional 
low expansion foams. 

The 65m 2 pit was used to simulate an unignited 
LNG spill from pipework or a bulk storage tank. 
Expandol high expansion foam was observed to 
reduce ground-level vapour concentrations within 
seconds to well below the Lower Flammable Limit 
of 5%. A layer of frozen foam was formed at the 
LNG/foam interface that supported several feet of 
additional foam. Ice tubes also formed where the 
vapours boiled through the foam blanket. As 
the vapours ascended through the foam, they 
were warmed, became lighter than air, rose 
upwards, and dissipated safely in the air well 
above potential sources of ignition. 


54 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 




• EIV 1568-3 certified 

• Wetting power @ 0,1% 

• Foaming power @ 0,5% : creates a blanket 

• Efficient on hydrocarbons fires 

• Low, Medium & High Expansion 


Bio-Ex S.A. 

• I'tsowoi W| Z.l. La Petite Oliviere - 69770 Montrottier - FRANCE 
^ 5 = 5 # Tel. : +33 474 702 381 - Fax : +33 474 702 394 - export@bio-ex.fr 


Advanced Quality 

www.bio-ex.com 


V^FIRE 5000 

The Ultimate Infrared Optical Beam Smoke Detector 

• Ease of Installation 

• Easy to Set-Up 

• Ease in Operation 

• Easy! 







FIRE 

FIGHTING 


ENTERPRISES 


Modular Design Easifit First Fix System Ground Level Control 
Laser Assisted Alignment AutOptimise Beam Alignment UniBeam Technology 
Contamination Compensation Building Shift Compensation Cost Effective 


T. +44 (0) 845 402 4242 
F. +44 (0) 845 402 4201 
E. sales@ffeuk.com 
W. wvm.ffeuk.com 



ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


55 





LNG TESTING 


NEW FIRE PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY FOR LNG HAZARDS 


Angus LNG Turbex 
applies Expandol high 
expansion foam despite 
searing heat of LNG fire 



Fire control 

If vapour finds an ignition source it is likely to be at 
the edges or outside the white vapour cloud, and 
the flames will burn back to the liquid pool and 
generate intense radiant heat. A high performance 
dry chemical powder like Monnex can put the fire 
out quickly, provided it is not too large and does 
not have any obstructions. However, this is not 
always desirable since a potentially flammable 
vapour cloud may subsequently build up above 
the liquid and pose a risk of re-ignition. Should the 


LNG vapours enter a semi-confined space, damage 
could occur from the resulting ignition. 

The accepted and proven best approach is to 
use high expansion foam of 500:1 expansion ratio 
to achieve a controlled burn-off and in the process 
greatly reduce the radiant heat emissions. The 
principle is to apply it fast enough (within 60 
seconds) and at a high enough application rate 
to get control quickly and avoid potential risk to 
personnel, plant and equipment. 

As the lower portion of the foam freezes, ice 



The International 


FIRE TRAINING LEADER 


M|P 

'MSI 


TEEX trains emergency response personnel from more 
than 30 countries each year. Each course can be tailored to 
meet your exact needs in a variety of areas: 

• Industrial / structural firefighting 

• Marine firefighting and spill response 

• Hazardous materials response 

• Weapons of mass destruction response 

• Emergency medical services 

• Search and rescue 

• Incident management 

• Aircraft rescue and firefighting 

• Incident command 

* Visit our Web site www.teex.com/esti or call 1 .866.878.8900 to 
A schedule courses today. 


Texas Engineering Extension Service m 


A Member of The Texas A&M University System 


TRAIN • SERVE ■ RESPOND 


56 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


builds up within the foam blanket, venting the 
vapour in a controlled way, producing flames of 
greatly reduced intensity on the surface. The foam 
bubbles insulate the LNG from the heat source 
above, controlling the release of vapour. As the 
heat breaks down the foam blanket, more foam 
must be applied regularly as a series of pulses until 
all the LNG has burnt away. 

Foam and application techniques 

Initial small-scale tests were carried out to assess 
the effectiveness of different types of foam and 
application technique on a range of LNG fires. A 
variety of application techniques were used includ- 
ing low, medium and high expansion as well as low 
expansion compressed air foam (CAF) systems. 
Low expansion foam delivers too much water to be 
effective. Dry CAF performed slightly better when 
applied gently, but the logistics and equipment 
required to produce the foam was impractical. 

Slow-draining Tridol ATF foam applied gently 
through a hand-held medium expansion foam 
branchpipe was observed to control the fire and 
achieve a significant reduction in heat radiation. 
This was only considered suitable for small-sized 
spills due to the high application rates required. 

Large-scale tests were then carried out to 
simulate a major spill fire in a containment pit or 
the bunded (diked) region surrounding an LNG 
storage tank. LNG was placed in a huge 65m 2 test 
pit, the largest of its kind in the world. 

The procedure to ignite the LNG was to allow a 
vapour cloud from the LNG to extend out from the 
pit over a distance of open ground. A white cloud 
was observed where the cold LNG vapour con- 
densed moisture in the air. The flammable vapours 
were then ignited using a torch on a 3m long 
pole. Flammable vapour levels of 5 to 15% are 
normally expected on the fringes of the visible 
cloud, but portable gas monitoring equipment 
detected pockets of flammable vapours up to 150 
metres from the visible cloud. 

Once the vapour cloud was ignited, flames shot 
in all directions consuming and mixing the gas, 
which burned through the extended cloud back to 
the source, turning the pit into a burning cauldron 
of fire. The flames reached over 30 metres into the 
air and gave off so much heat that personnel were 
forced to retreat to a safe distance. 

In the past, fire testing of LNG tended to be 
carried out on wet sand or earth pits which often 
had sloping sides. These are easily cooled by the 
LNG, making the test easier as moisture in the soil 
freezes and absorbs heat, avoiding the heat attack 
on the foam seen with concrete. Therefore they 
are not as representative of today's more common 
vertical-sided reinforced concrete impounding 
basins. 

Historic test data using various foam application 
rates with outdated LNG storage and handling 
techniques provides no margin for safety in the 
modern world. Only foam and equipment proven 
to be effective in practice on fire grounds like the 
ESTI facility for prolonged periods of use are now 
acceptable to BP and main contractors invited to 
watch the testing over the last three years. Only a 
minimum application rate of 10 l/m 2 /min through 
water turbine-driven foam generators delivering 
500:1 expansion ratios and capable of 90% radia- 
tion reductions within 60 seconds proved effective 
under realistic site conditions. 



PROTG&M8 
THE WORLD’S 
FIREFIGHTERS 



www.bristoluniforms.com 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


57 




LNG TESTING 


Angus Tridol ATF 
medium expansion foam 
controls LNG fire 


Mike Willson is Product 
Manager for Foam 
Concentrates at Angus Fire. 
Fie is responsible for the 
global marketing of the 
company's wide range of 
protein- and synthetic-based 
range of foams. Angus Fire is 
part of UTC Fire & Security, a 
United Technologies Corp. 
(NYSE:UTX) business unit, 
which provides fire safety 
and security solutions to 
more than one million 
customers around the world. 
UTC Fire & Security is 
headquartered in 
Connecticut, USA. 


NEW FIRE PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY FOR LNG HAZARDS 



Specialist foam equipment 

Intense heat emissions from LNG fires means that 
ordinary high expansion foam equipment is totally 
unsuitable. It quickly distorts, buckles and ceases 
to generate any foam. That is why two specially 
engineered LNG Turbex high expansion foam 
generators from Angus Fire were used throughout 
the test programme. The exceptional heat resis- 
tance, careful choice of materials and robust 
design of the LNG Turbex ensures reliable opera- 
tion even after prolonged exposure to intense cold 
and searing heat. It has previously passed the 
NFPA 11:2005 Fire Exposure Test with flying 
colours, withstanding internal temperatures as 
high as 1000°C. 

Additional features of the LNG Turbex that 
proved crucial during the tests included a unique 
water-driven turbine motor, tiered foam-making 
stainless steel net and special aerofoil fan. These 
provided a consistent air flow through the foam 
generator that produced Expandol foam with 
uniform expansion ratio at all times. Its cocoon- 
shaped design generated a stable slow-draining 
foam blanket with uniform bubble size for optimal 
performance. Stainless steel ducting ensured 
reliable foam delivery, minimising the adverse 
effects of wind and performing extremely well 
under simulated rainstorm conditions. 

Foam concentrate 

Selection of foam concentrate from the wide 
range of high expansion foams available is also 
crucially important. They are known to vary 
enormously in their effectiveness on LNG. Low 
quality brands exhibit poor stability as indicated by 
their faster drainage rates. In contrast, high quality 
brands like Expandol foam from Angus Fire are 
known to produce a more stable foam layer for 
optimal performance and efficiency. 

Expandol high expansion foam of around 500:1 


expansion ratio was found to achieve rapid fire 
control and subsequently a controlled burn-off, 
achieving a 90% reduction in heat radiation in less 
than one minute. Once control was achieved, the 
foam application rate was pulsed to maintain full 
control until all the LNG had burnt away and the 
spill could be declared over. 

System design 

The importance of applying these latest findings to 
the design of LNG fire protection systems cannot 
be overstated. NFPA 11:2005, for example, 
suggests that application rates and discharge 
times should be established by test work on LNG. 

Designing a successful system is not limited 
to using foam generating equipment and concen- 
trates that have been thoroughly tested on LNG. A 
detailed risk analysis should be carried out early 
on, and critical variables such as the proportioning 
system, induction rate, expansion ratio, drainage 
time and foam depth, as well as application rate 
and discharge time, should be carefully defined to 
suit each individual risk. Open path gas monitoring 
and detection equipment are also important. 

Combining all these factors into a properly 
engineered system to protect an LNG facility is 
the next challenge. Only a few companies have 
extensive experience of LNG contracts, and a 
proven track record of designing specialist LNG 
systems. 

The test programme is continuing this year with 
additional LNG testing by BP-sponsored PhD 
students at Texas A&M University. As LNG 
becomes more prominent in the world's energy 
supply mix, Angus Fire's latest test data will help 
emergency responders world wide to prevent and 
combat LNG fires. Make sure you talk to Angus 
Fire before finalising your LNG facilities upgrade or 
new build to obtain a reliable and effective sy stem 
for when you need it most. EHQ 


58 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


Trend-setting in safety 

and fire protection glass 



r Saint-Gobain 
Glass Solutions 


rftTTtri 

SAINT-GOBAIN 


VETROTECH SAINT-GOBAIN 
INTERNATIONAL AG 

Stauffacherstrasse 128 
CH-3000 Bern 22 
Tel. +41 31 336 81 81 
Fax +41 31 336 81 19 

infoVSGI.vetrotech@saint-gobain.com 


www.vetrotech.com 







PLASTIKA AKRAPOVIC BUZET, Most 26, 52420 Buzet - Croatia 

Tel. / 00385 52 662 662, 662 300, Fax / 00385 52 662 254 

® 

<_ 

SLn 

e-mail / info@pab-buzet.com 
http://www.pab-buzet.com/ 

pAb 





MASS DECON 


Pic courtesy of FSI North 
America 


By Mark Conron 

President and founder 
of FSI North America® 



Mass Decon 
Techniques and 
Concerns 

Since 9/1 1 decontamination (decon) procedures have rapidly evolved and 
developed to deal with potential and anticipated bio chemical attacks on both 
first responders and citizens. 


Early Days 

P rior to 9/1 1 decon consisted largely of 'hoop 
wands and kiddie pools' used to clean/decon 
first responders in their chemical suits prior 
to suit removal. Only nominal thought or 
planning was normally given to mass victim 
decontamination from a major incident. 

Advances since 9/11 

In the last five years or so many advances and 
changes have occurred. 

University degree courses in emergency 
management are now offered by institutions 
worldwide ensuring an ongoing infusion of new 
personnel with fresh ideas and concepts that will 
continue to evolve and improve Mass Decon in the 
future. 

Planning, training, and sophistication have 
rapidly progressed on the part of specifying and 
purchasing authorities to handle potential and 
anticipated Mass Decon scenarios. 

Mass Decon of Thousands 

For the Mass Decon of thousands of victims 
exiting as stadium, large building etal. the general 


consensus seems to continue to call for the use of 
two crossed ladder trucks at every or designated 
exits with master stream nozzles on full fog 
pattern literally drenching the exiting victims with 
water and possibly even a foam injected decon 
solution. 

Decon Solutions 

Decon Solutions have also evolved and developed 
over time from simple drenching with water (tepid 
water between 15-30°C to avoid 'cold shock' 
strongly recommended), to simple detergents, and 
specialized foams and liquids with specific uses 
dependent on the agent requiring decontamina- 
tion. Such products include but are certainly not 
limited to stabilized and diluted liquid chlorine 
dioxides, misted hydrogen peroxide, cold plasma 
ionization, and simpler hydrocarbon based/ 
derivative/substrate cleaning agents for most 
industrial type incidents. 

Smaller Mass Decon incidents 

For smaller Mass Decon scenarios with victims 
ranging from 10-250 plus in number that may be 
at a scene or streaming toward a hospital or major 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


61 





MASS DECON TECHNIQUES AND CONCERNS 


MASS DECON 


Pic courtesy of FSI North 
America 



center for care multiple line, four stage 
(undress/detergent shower - decon solution to be 
incident dependent/rinse shower/redress) Mass 
Decon Shower and Shelter Systems have been 
developed over the past five years. 

Such Mass Decon Shower systems may range 
from one, two, three, four and even five line 
systems. Each line provides a modicum of privacy 
during each of the 4 stages of decon and typically 
certain of the five lines in this case are designated 
for ambulatory and non-ambulatory men, and 
women, and other needs as so designated by the 
on scene co-coordinator. 

International Standards Development 

While there is at present no standard for these 
portable decon shower systems offered worldwide 
by literally dozens of manufacturers there are 
standards in process. In North America a portable 
decon shower standard currently designated as 
ISEA #113 is in final review. When complete this 
standard will assume an ANSI standard desig- 
nation. In Europe a standards committee 
CEN/TC/WG 6 N 037 is also in place developing a 
standard for at least the Non plumbed-in body 
showers. The early standards represent an initial 
attempt to offer a degree of protection to the end 


user that products that meet these standards are 
manufactured by companies committed to this 
industry. 

Mobile Field Hospitals as a Component 

While this article is intended to address Mass 
Decon - the placement of mass numbers of 
victims or displaced personnel once deconned 
or after an emergency such as Pandemic Flu or 
another Katrina Hurricane as in New Orleans - 
must be addressed as well. This is another e.g. of 
Mass Casualty and the options here for first 
responders/hospitals are more or less as follows to 
increase capacity to handle patient in-flow. 

Use an existing and unused building or empty 
wing of the hospital. This is the simplest option - 
unless that building is no longer standing or struc- 
turally sound. 

The options then are to look to the parking lot 
or field nearby, and employ temporary structures 
to house patients or provide temporary housing. 

Once the decision to purchase temporary 
shelter systems is made the choice then comes 
down to either a Quonset hut metal framed 
structure or a pneumatic shelter system. 

If the incident involves for e.g. a Pandemic flue 
slowly marching across the country - with a few 


62 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



THE LEADING LIGHT IN EVERY 

EMERGENCY 


THE DEFINITIVE RANGE OF PORTABLE ATEX 
SAFETY LIGHTING PRODUCTS, FOR USE IN 
EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES 

>>>>>>>>>>> Torches 

Handlamps 
Rechargeable Torches 
Head torches 

Pocket lights / Personal Torches 
Hazard Warning Lamps 
Visual Trackers 
Leadlamps 


C€ 


ATEX 


www.wolf-safety.co.uk 

e-mail: info@wolf-safety.co.uk tel: +44 (0) 114 255 1051 


4i 


*•"1,1 




i 


Wolf Safety Lamp Company 


Russwurm Ventilatoren 



Made in German 

...when mobile , compact but powerful fans 
are required. 

Experienced in strongest fire and rescue situations. Used in 
vehicles which have to be equipped for all incidents. For every 
duty the right drive. All versions are available with certified 
explosion-proofness. We offer a wide range of ATEX-certified 
fans for the zones 1, 2, 21 and 22 in axial and radial design. 

If required, they can be 
customized to your 
needs. 


Detailed informations and PDF- files 
for downloads you can find at 
www.ruwu.de or you simply call us. 



I r VI VMM ...and you have the air under control 

gs- Ventilatoren 

Russwurm Ventilatoren GmbH | Ortsstrasse25 | D-86405 Meitingen-Ostendorf 

Phone: +49^*7^ -81 75-0 | Fax: +49-82 71 -81 75-40 | info@ruwu.de 

Image: Martin Grant 



professional 
protection 
systems 

NEW PRODUCT 




CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL, RADIOLOGICAL, 

NUCLEAR or VIRAL EMERGENCY? 

control the risk and lessen the impact with 

• DECONTAMINATION SHOWERS I ['-'■* - ' 

• MASS DECONTAMINATION SYSTEMS » 

• EMERGENCY AND TACTICAL SHELTERS 

• HOSPITAL SURGE CAPACITY 

• PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 

• INFECTION CONTROL 

• CASUALTY ISOLATION EQUIPMENT 

• CRIME SCENE EQUIPMENT 
? INDUSTRIAL CLOTHING 

PROTECTION HOUSE, SHERBOURNE DRIVE, 

TILBROOK, MILTON KEYNES, BUCKS, ENGLAND 
MK7 8HX. tel: +44(0)1908 272240 

www.ppsgb.com , 

Everything You Need To Cope From A One Stop Shop | 



ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


63 



MASS DECON 


Pic courtesy of FSI North 
America 



days to act - then the Quonset hut metal framed 
systems that require a construction crew, tools, a 
prepared set up area, and as many as a few days 
to set up - may well represent the best option. 
These types of structures once in place can remain 
so for weeks and indeed months on end. 


If, however, the incident is occurring in 'real 
time' and the victims are seen streaming toward 
the hospital or other care giving provider with 
arrival anticipated in mere minutes the only viable 
alternative is a portable pneumatic surge capacity 
shelter system that be fully deployed and able to 



ONYX FirstVision™ is a revolutionary 
wayfinding touch screen for firefighters 
only from NOTIFIER. 

With ONYX FirstVision firefighters can pinpoint 
the origin and migration of a fire right from 
the building's lobby. 

By displaying active smoke detectors, haz- 
ardous materials locations, and other infor- 
mation overlaid on the building's floor plan, 
ONYX FirstVision gives firefighters an accu- 
rate, real-time view of the situation. 

Using ONYX FirstVision, firefighters and emer- 
gency responders can make fast, effective 
and well-informed decisions that can reduce 
property loss and save lives. Take your fire 
alarm system to the next level. 

ONYX FirstVision is the latest breakthrough 
from NOTIFIER. Leaders in Life. Safety. 
Technology. 


@) NOTIFIER* 

by Honeywell 

866 - 491-5804 
www, notif ier. com 


64 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 




MASS DECON TECHNIQUES AND CONCERNS 


MASS DECON 



Pic courtesy of FSI North America 


Mark Conron is President and 
founder of FSI North America®, 
a leading worldwide supplier of 
portable mobile and fixed 
hazmat decontamination 
showers, shelters, isolations 
shelters, surge capacity shelter 
systems and accessories, and 
EMS supplies inclusive of 
medical cots and disposable 
backboards. Mr. Conron has 
spent his entire career in the 
life safety market and is a 
member of FEMSA, NEMA, 
IAHMT, and ISEA where he is 
serving on the ISEA #113 
standards committee charged 
with developing a portable 
hazmat decon shower standard 
to be adopted by ANSI. 


accept patients in less than 30 minutes. These 
surge shelter systems require no tools, a limited 
number of only modestly trained personnel, 
virtually any location for deployment - and they 
too can remain in service for literally weeks and 
even months on end. 

Concerns 

Concerns are many, not the least of which is still a 
lack of equipment, old out dated equipment 
(many products purchased just after 9/1 1 are now 
approaching their maximum 5 year anticipated life 
span), a lack of training, and a sense that an 
incident 'will never occur here'. 

Even for those who possess adequate equip- 
ment and feel they are trained to deploy it in the 
event of a major incident the concerns are or 
should be many. 

If the victims have just started 
to arrive at the hospital 
emergency entrance doors 
how do you recognize their 
symptoms? 

How do you stage victims in shock, panic and 
fear? How do you get a panicked 'huge and 
strong' man to patiently wait his turn to be 
processed into and through a mass casualty decon 
shower unit? What if he pushes to the front? How 
do you stop him? Once a person is in a shower 
system how do you move them along after say 3-5 
minutes of showering? What if the person refuses 
to leave the shower? What if someone collapses in 
the shower? How do you get to them in a staged 
mass casualty shower? How do you remove them? 
What about patient modesty and privacy for both 
men and women? 

If the victims have just started to arrive at the 
hospital emergency entrance doors how do you 
recognize their symptoms? How do you stop them 
from entering and cross contaminating all in the 
hospital? How do you handle panic? 

Concerns - they are many - and only very 
briefly touched on herein. But they need to be 
discussed, planned for, and a plan needs to be in 
place for as many contingencies as possible. EES 



FOAM 



ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


65 





• Low profile, 
modern appearance 


evc-dp smoke alarm 


Are you getting hot under the collar 
every time your smoke alarm reacts to 
steam? 


With the EVC-DP Conventional Dual 
Optical Detector from Nittan, your guests 
can enjoy a relaxing, peaceful shower 
V/ith as much steam as they like. 

Vhat’s because our revolutionary smoke 
detector has been designed using 
Nittan’s. award winning Dual Optical 
Technology which reduces false alarms 
caused by non-combustible products 
such as steam, dust and aerosols. 


Nov\/ ^ou can enjoy all the benefits 
of Dual Optical Technology in a 
^Conventional system for the very first 
( time, thanks to the newly available 
EVC-DP smoke detector. 


• Low monitoring current 

• Patented OMNIVIEW™ 360° LED 
fire alarm indicator 

• Remote indicator output 

• Non-polarised terminals 


Dual optical version 

Backward compatible with 
STB-4 Base 

evc-dp- designed to minimise 
false alarms caused by steam 


Tel: +44 (O) 1483 769555 

email: sales@nittan.co.uk • www.nittan.co.uk 


NITTAN 



Pic courtesy of Patterson 
Pump Ireland Limited 


By James Shipman 

Sales Manager, 
Patterson Pump Ireland 
Limited 


FIREWATER PUMPS 



Fixed installation 
Firewater Pump 
Packages 

Internationally, there is a continuing movement towards installing more fixed 
installation fire sprinkler/hydrant/water-mist/deluge systems into a wider variety 
of sites ranging from schools and hospitals to shopping centres, manufacturing 
plants and distribution warehouses. Fixed fire extinguishing installations are a 
vital component within any overall facility design to protect life and property and 
their more widespread use provides facility owners with further benefits in terms 
of risk insurance premium reductions and reduced facility downtime in the event 
of an incident. 


T he capability of the water supply to meet the 
water flow and pressure requirements for 
fixed installation extinguishing systems is of 
paramount importance and is determined by the 
extinguishing system design. Where this cannot be 
adequately achieved, it is necessary to incorporate 
fire pumps within the system. 

Globally, there is a vast range of local, regional 
and international standards in existence for pump 
system design and selection. For example, within 
Europe nearly every country currently has its own 
national sprinkler and fire pump standards 
although much effort is being applied to introduce 
a harmonised European Standard EN12259 of 
which Part 12 will apply to fire pumps. Ultimately, 
when formally adopted as an EC Directive, the 
harmonised standards will supersede the current 
European national standards. However, the 


National Fire Protection Association Standard NFPA 
No. 20 (Standard for the Installation of Stationary 
Pumps for Fire Protection) has progressively and 
positively evolved since 1896 and is currently 
looked upon as the standard which is most widely 
known and adopted internationally. 

In addition to designing and manufacturing to 
comply with the relevant codes and standards, fire 
pump producers also commit their products to 
extensive testing to obtain approvals from recog- 
nised organisations such as Factory Mutual (FM), 
Underwriters Laboratories (UL), Loss Prevention 
Certification Board (LPCB) Great Britain, VdS 
Germany, etc. to enable their equipment to be 
installed and accepted on particular projects. 
These approvals are the attestation that the manu- 
facturer has complied with the appropriate codes 
and standards, operates effective quality systems 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


67 


FIXED INSTALLATION FIREWATER PUMP PACKAGES 


FIREWATER PUMPS 


Pic courtesy of Patterson 
Pump Ireland Limited 



and provides correct product support for their 
equipment. 

Fire pumps can work in a variety of configur- 
ations - boosting town mains water pressure 
directly or from intermediate water storage tanks, 
either above or below ground. Generally, for 
above ground water supply applications, 'end 
suction' or 'horizontal split case' centrifugal 
pumps are used. Below ground water applications 
can use an underground storage tank, river or 
even the open sea as their water source and for 
these installations 'vertical turbine' or 'sub- 
mersible' pumps are generally used. Irrespective of 
the configuration, the final intention is to produce 
a certain volume of water at a certain pressure - in 
other words its design duty. 

The capacity of the fire pumps required for a 
particular installation is determined by the 
extinguishing system design requirements and 
standards and these can typically range from 550 
litres per minute (150 US Gallons per minute) to 
19000 litres per minute (5000 US Gallons per 
minute) at pressures from 2.75 barG (40 psi) to 
26 barG (390 psi). Depending on the risk insurer's 
philosophy, the required system design duty may 
be provided by a single pump system or may be 
shared between, say two pumps (known as 50% 
duty pumps) or more. Frequently, two 100% duty 
pumps will be installed and each one either desig- 
nated as 'duty' or 'standby'. All reputable fire 
pump manufacturers will assist the sprinkler design 
consultants with determining the optimum pump 
system selection and specification as required. 

Fire pump design and construction is developed 
around reliable operation. Many fire pump designs 
available on the market have evolved from manu- 
facturers' proven continuous service process pump 
designs which have been subsequently adapted 
for fire pump applications. Although under normal 
circumstances it may only be run for 30 minutes 
each week for test purposes, when called on to 
'operate in anger' it must start and perform flaw- 
lessly and provide firewater to the seat of the 
incident. This not only means installing and 
maintaining a reliable fire pump but also its driver, 
control system and accessories which form part of 
the overall fire pump package and must be equally 
as reliable. 


Drivers for fire pumps com- 
prise diesel engines, electric 
motors and steam turbines. 
Generally, spark-ignition inter- 
nal combustion engines are not 
permitted. The popularity of 
using a diesel engine versus an 
electric motor as the fire pump 
driver depends on where you 
are. In North America it is 
estimated that 80% of fire 
pumps are electric motor driven 
whereas in Europe the converse 
is true and diesel engines 
account for 80% of all fire 
pump drivers. It is true that 
electric motor driven systems 
provide for lower overall 
maintenance and relatively low 
emissions in a more compact 
pump room floor area but 
a diesel engine driven system 
is virtually independent of 
reliability on external power sources. 

Selection of the correct driver for the fire pump 
again depends on the codes and standards the fire 
pump package is being designed to. Whilst the 
correct pump speed is fundamental, the driver 
power rating will need to be sized to accom- 
modate the absorbed power rating of the pump - 
for some codes this is only at the pump design 
capacity but for the more rigorous codes it needs 
to cover pump end of curve performance which 
demands a considerably higher power rating. 

Diesel engine drivers specifically developed for 
fire pump applications are available. These are 
usually proprietary well tried and tested brands 
and models of diesel engines which are then 
dressed or customised and tested to meet specific 
codes and approval body requirements. Usually a 
de-rating factor of 10% is applied to the gross 
available power when used for fire pump drives 
but further de-ratings will need to be applied if 
the engine is installed in ambient temperatures 
above 25°C (77°F) or 91 metres (300 feet) above 
sea level to compensate for reduced engine perfor- 
mance. Nearly all codes and standards call for dual 
redundant battery electric starting systems. This is 
to ensure reliable starting in the event of one set 
of batteries failing. Although radiator-cooled 
engines are permissible, heat exchanger cooling is 
the usual method with cooling water being taken 
directly from the discharge of the running pump 
via the exchanger and returned to waste or to the 
water storage tank. 

Another essential component within the fire 



68 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



Step Up to Electronic 
Remote-Controlled Monitors 


Protect Your Facility, Product and People. 

Designed for use by petrochemical refineries, transporters and processors, 
these fully-customizable, advanced electronic systems are safer 
and more reliable than manual monitors. 


Clients around the world have trusted Elkhart Brass for fire fighting equipment for over a century. Now Elkhart 
Brass offers you advanced - electronic -remote-controlled monitor systems for industrial fixed installations. 


ft I i 



You can depend on Elkhart Brass as your one source to take care of everything -from consultative design through 
manufacturing, programming, certification, commissioning, testing and for after-sales support through our world- 


wide distributor network. 


art 


■■ 

m «S 




*■<+ 


Elkhart Brass: 


Bringing you innovative systems 
to meet your individual needs - 
on schedule and on budget. 



To upgrade to our electronic remote- 
controlled monitor systems, call us at 
1-574-295-8330 or 1-800-346-0250. 
www.elkhartbrass.com 


Elkhart Brass 

Fire Fighting Equipment 


The Most Experienced Manufacturer of Fire Fighting Equipment 

Elkhart Brass Mfg. Co., Inc. I 1-574-295-8330 I 1-800-346-0250 I www.elkhartbrass.com 




FIXED INSTALLATION FIREWATER PUMP PACKAGES 


FIREWATER PUMPS 


Pic courtesy of Patterson 
Pump Ireland Limited 



pump system is the automatic controller. The prin- 
ciple of this is to detect a fall in the firemain water 
pressure when a sprinkler head ruptures, deluge 
valve operates or a fire hydrant is opened. This is 
achieved via a pressure switch or pressure trans- 
ducer and, when the controller is in 'automatic' 
mode, initiates the starting sequence and oper- 
ation of the fire pump. Controllers also provide 
local manual operation overrides for the automatic 
starting system as well as remote alarm circuits to 
enable pump status to be monitored in a perma- 
nently manned position such as a gatehouse, 
reception area, building monitoring system or by 
the local fire brigade. 

Controllers for electric motor fire pumps are 
relatively straightforward in design and usually 
employ direct-on-line (across the line) or star delta 
(wye delta) open transition motor starting tech- 
niques. However, when there are mains supply 
power limitations, more diverse starting methods 
are available such a primary resistor, auto- 
transformer or electronic soft start. 

Controllers for diesel engine driven fire pumps 
are necessarily more complex in nature. Mostly, 
they will include a cyclic cranking feature to alter- 
nate between the dual redundant battery electric 
starting systems. A crank termination feature is 
also included to withdraw the starter motor from 
further cranking once the engine has started. In 
addition, both battery systems are catered for by 
fully automatic battery chargers operating from 
the pump room AC power supply ensuring that 
they are always in a full state of charge ready for 
the pump set being called into operation. Engine 
protective devices are limited but usually engine oil 
pressure and cooling water temperature are 
monitored with audiovisual alarms and certain 
codes require the inclusion of an engine overspeed 
protection alarm and safety trip circuit. 

More and more frequently, fire pump manufac- 
turers are being called on to provide complete pre- 
packaged fire pump houses. These are fully 
manufactured at the fire pump manufacturer's 
facility on a unitary baseplate including all suction 


and discharge valving, test lines and are ready to 
install immediately on delivery to the work-site. 
They can be supplied with (or without) a pre-fabri- 
cated pump house building fully wired out with 
electrical system, lighting, heating and ventilation 
system. Smaller capacity units can be fabricated 
using customised shipping containers. The increas- 
ing popularity of the pre-packaged pump house 
system is without doubt due to the speed and con- 
venience of installation, requiring just fixing to the 
pre-prepared support base, attaching of suction and 
discharge lines, electrical supply and the unit is then 
ready to be commissioned and start its working life. 
A further major benefit is the elimination of site 
building costs associated with the construction of a 
conventional 'bricks and mortar' pump room and its 
subsequent fitting out costs. 

Whilst purchasing and installing any type of 
fixed extinguishing system is an extremely wise 
measure in reducing fire risks to life and property 
and the associated disruption to a business when 
a fire incident occurs, it is absolutely essential to 
ensure that the fire pump system is correctly 
installed and commissioned. Incorrect installation 
can lead to serious problems later on; for example 
coupling failure due to incorrect or mis-alignment 
of the coupling halves. Reputable fire pump 
system manufacturers will provide local trained 
engineers to carry out this work to the acceptance 
of the facility owner and his risk insurer's 
requirements and also to put into effect the manu- 
facturer's equipment warranties. 

Pump system testing should be conducted by 
the facility owners on a weekly basis and records 
accurately maintained. Any abnormalities with its 
operation should be rectified without delay. 

It is also imperative that correct regular main- 
tenance is carried out on the system. Most fire 
pump system manufacturers and risk insurers 
require equipment to receive servicing and mainte- 
nance annually. 

Remember - fire pump systems are provided for 
life-saving and property protection and are not 
something to fit and forget! ESQ 


70 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


Need It Now? 


Every NFPA code and standard is now available 

in PDF format! 


It's fast, easy, and convenient to order any 

(r) 

of the National Fire Codes online! With 
our PDF service, you can download vital 
requirements right away. Simply log onto 
www.nfpacatalog.org to select the 
document(s) you need and 
explore the full range of NFPA 
products and services! Order 
or join NFPA by credit card 
over our secure server 24 
hours a day. 

National Fire 
Codes® Online 
Subscription 
Service 

This revolutionary service allows 
subscribers to reference the most timely NFPA 
codes and standards, in addition to a wealth 
of useful information including Reports on 
Proposals and Reports on Comments, informing 
you of proposed changes to the codes and 


Within minutes 
of registering, 
you can access 
the very latest 
NFPA codes and 
standards. 






4 r £ jjn tm A M 


I THE NFPA CATALOG ONLINE EDITION |- - j [ 5 ] 


Hrc Sole tv Prcducti & Services «r:cn NHHA 


-» WELCOME I -» BROWSE >>» nfm c«uk. k, cu^.y 

am. If* ntmjnrj 


I -> SEARCH Um NFPA Uhlii bf kwywaid 


TMOT. 


n rtf*-fcr.*VD«c«rHr JL MO. 

*i vn 


standards that directly affect 
your work. 

Other continuously updated 
features include Formal 
Interpretations and tentative 
Interim Amendments. Online 
access to the NFPA Directory 
and NFPA News. 

Subscribe Now! Your access 
number is e-mailed within 
minutes of registering! 
www.nfpacatalog.org 


www.nfpacatalog.org 


For information on your local distributor contact us at custserv@nfpa.org 

NFPA International • 1 Batterymarch Park • Quincy, MA 02269 • USA 
Tel +1-617-770-3000 • Fax +1-617-984-7777 



Distributor and Representative Offices 


AMKUS INC 

AUSTRALIA 

DRAEGER PACIFIC 

Contact: Warren Levin 

Tel: 61-3-9265-5000 Fax: 61-3-9265-5097 

Email: warren.levin@draeger.com.au 

Dealer/Distributor 

CHINA 

KINGDAN 

Contact: Gary Wan 

Tel: 852-2385-0199 Fax: 852-2388-5131 
Email: kingdan@hkstar.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

SAFETECH LTD 

Contact: Andy Chan 

Tel: 852-2687-4038 Fax: 852-2687-2784 
Email: andy@safety.com. hk 

Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

DELIS TOOLS LTD 

Contact: Paul Delis 

Tel: 64-3-327-4103 Fax: 64-3-327-7676 
Email: delis@clear.net. nz 

Dealer/Distributor 

PHILIPPINES 

MEDTRADE LTD 

Contact: Reymond Poblete 

Tel: 63-45-888-2131 Fax: 63-45-893-0818 

Email: medtrade1_2004@yahoo.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

SUPER PREMIUM CO 

Contact: Will. Hung 

Tel: 886-2-8226-5855 Fax: 886-2-8226-5856 
Email: spctwn@ms9.hinet.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

CAMPING EQUIPMENT 

Contact: Yod Watana 

Tel: 66-2-377-0379 Fax: 66-2-374-4108 

Email: celpdps@loxinfo.co.th 

Dealer/Distributor 

PACIFIC TOOL GROUP 

Contact: Dirk Bloxham 

Tel: 66-2-886-7556 Fax: 66-2-886-7585 

Email: exec@pacificandfire.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

ANGUS FIRE 

AUSTRALIA 

KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 

314 Boundary Road, Dingley Vic 3172 
Mailing Address: 

PO Box 682, Braeside Vic 3195 
Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 
Tel: 03 9518 5588 
Fax: 03 9518 5577 
Email: info@angusfire.com.au 
Website: www.angusfire.com.au 
Representative Office 

BANGLADESH 

PFH FIRE PROTECTION 

P 0 Box 327 
Seria 7003 

Negara Brunei Darussalam 

Contact: HJH. B.A. Noraliza (General Manager) 

Tel: (00 673) 3 332 519 

Fax: (00 673) 3 332 519 

Dealer/Distributor 


CHINA 

KIDDE CHINA 

Product Support & Sales Office, 21/F Tower 2 
88 Container Port Road, Hong Kong 
Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager) 

Tel: 00 852 2334 2388 Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 

Email: general@kidde-china.com 

Fax: 03 9518 5577 

Email: info@angusfire.com.au 

Website: www.angusfire.com.au 

Representative Office 

HONG KONG 

CENTURION FIRE FIGHTING CO 

Room A, 1 3th Floor 
Go-Up Commercial Building 
998, Canton Road, Mongkok, Kowloon 
Contact: Johnny Yuen (Manager) 

Tel: (00 852) 2332 7071 Fax: (00 852) 2332 6145 
Email: johnny@centurionfire.com.hk 
Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

KIDDE INDIA LIMITED 

EL 205, TTC Industrial Area 

Mahape, Navi Mumbai, 400 710, India 

Tel: +91 22 67800100 Fax: +91 22 27618444 

Email: info@kiddeindia.com 

Website: www.kiddeindia.com 

Representative Office 

INDONESIA 

PT RANTAI LAUT 

Jl Kemang Raya No. 11, Jakarta Selatan 

Contact: Jimmy Singh 

Tel: (00 62) 21 717 90122 

Fax: (00 62) 21 717 90607 

Website: www.rantai-laut.com 

Email: jimmy@rantai-laut.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN 

OWEN LTD 

2-5-20 Gokou-Nishi 

Matsudo-Shi Chiba T270-2218 

Contact: Mr Masao Oyake (Managing Director) 

Tel: (00 81) 47 389 5510 Fax:(00 81)47 385 1763 
Email: owen@msi.biglobe.ne.jp 
Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

INDECO CORPORATION 

814 Daewoo, The-O-Plus Building 
1142-2 Sanbondong Gunposi 
Kyunggido, Korea 435-040 
Contact: Thomas Park (President) 

Tel: (00 82)31 390 6911/2 
Fax: (00 82)31 390 6913 
Email: thomas@esafety.co.kr 
Mobile: (00 82) 1 1 726 2248 
Dealer/Distributor 

MACAU 

CENTURION FIRE FIGHTING CO 

Room A, 13th Floor, Go-Up Commercial Building 
998, Canton Road, Mongkok, Kowloon 
Contact: Johnny Yuen (Manager) 

Tel: (00 852) 2332 7071 Fax: (00 852) 2332 6145 
Email: johnny@centurionfire.com.hk 
Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

KINSAJASA SDN BHD 

1st Floor, 2298 Pujut 5 Shoplot 
98000 Miri, Sarawak, East Malaysia 
Contact: Roger Ling 
(Mobile: 6019 855 0360) 

Tel: 6085 665802 or 660423 
Fax: 6085 655803 or 655402 
Email: kinsar@tm.net. my or 
ksajaservice@mvjaring.net 
Dealer/Distributor 


NEW ZEALAND 

KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 

Street Address: 

314 Boundary Road, Dingley Vic 3172 
Mailing Address: 

PO Box 682, Braeside Vic 3195 
Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 
Tel: 03 9518 5588 
Fax: 03 9518 5577 
Email: info@angusfire.com.au 
Website: www.angusfire.com.au 
Representative Office 

PAPUA NEW GUINEA 

KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 

Street Address: 

314 Boundary Road, Dingley Vic 3172 
Mailing Address: 

PO Box 682, Braeside Vic 3195 
Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 
Tel: 03 9518 5588 
Fax: 03 9518 5577 
Email: info@angusfire.com.au 
Website: www.angusfire.com.au 
Representative Office 

PHILIPPINES 

ALARM SYSTEMS CORP 

Unit 3205, Summit-1 

Office Tower, 530 Shaw Road 

Mandulayong City 

Contact: Allen Lim 

Tel: (00 632) 532 0556 

Fax: (00 632) 533 6476 

Email: mail@alarmsystems.com.ph 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

1 7-01 & 04 Alexandra Point, Singapore 1 1 9958 
Contact: Bob Graham (Sales Manager, 

Fire Fighting Products) 

Dir Tel: (00 65) 6424 7938 

Mobile: (00 65) 9671 1567 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Email: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Representative Office 

TAIWAN 

SENSOR LTD 

No. 8-1, Rueiguang Road, Neihu Chiu 

Taipai, Taiwan 1 14 

Contact: Alex Jeng 

Tel: (00 886) 2 8792 9881 

Fax: (00 886) 2 8792 9885 

Email: sensor.fire@msa.hinet.net 

Website: www.sensorfire.com 

Email: alex@sensorfire.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

AB GROUP 

Contact: Phairot Bulpakdi (Managing Director) 

42 Soi Ngam Duplee, Sathorn, Bangkok 10120 
Tel: (00 66) 2 2871570 Fax: (00 66) 2 2871460 

Dealer/Distributor 

ANSUL 

INCORPORATED 

INDONESIA 

ANSUL INCORPORATED 

Bangun Tjipta Bldg, Level 3B 
Ji Jend Gatot Subroto No. 54 
Jakarta 10260, Indonesia 
Tel: 62 21 536 77662 
Fax: 62 21 536 77663 
Representative Office 


72 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


BAUER 

COMPRESSORS 

BRUNEI 

BAUER COMPRESSORS ASIA PTE LTD 

2 Alexandra Road 

#01-03A Delta House, Singapore 159919 

Singapore 

Tel: +65 6271 6271 

Fax: +65 6272 3345 

Email: info@bauer-compressors.com.sg 

Representative Office 

CHINA 


BAUER KOMPRESSOREN CHINA LTD 

707 Block A, M.P. Industrial Centre 
18 Ka Yip Street, Chai Wan 
Hong Kong S.A.R 
Tel: +852 2595 1898 
Fax: +852 2595 0878 
Email: bkc@bauerchina.com 
Representative Office 

INDIA 


ALLIED SOLUTIONS PVT LTD 

313/314, Raikar Chambers, 

Govandi [East], Mumbai -400 088 
Tel: 022 6797 8056/57/58 
Fax: 022 2557 6234 
Email: kini@alliedsolutions.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

MOUNT EVEREST ENGINEERING 
COMPANY 

A-103 Gokul Arcade, Sahar Road 
Vile Parle (East) Mumbai 400 057, India 
Tel: +91 (22)8202558 
Fax: +91 (22)8205792 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

MARINE & INDUSTRIAL 
COMPRESSORS 

304 Thomson Road, Singapore 307654 
Tel: +65 6250 6018 
Fax: +65 6253 8443 
Email: masmarin@singnet.com.sg 

Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN 


BAUER COMPRESSORS CO. LTD 

10-36 Ryutsu-center, Kitakami-shi Iwate-ken 

024-0014 Japan 

Tel: +81 0197 68 2251 

Fax: +81 0197 68 2225 

Representative Office 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

TECKO CO. LTD. 

S.K Technopark 

Mega Center Room 201/202 

190-1 Sangdeawong 1-Dong 

Jungwon-gu, Sungnam-city, Kyungki-do, Korea 

Zip 462-705 

Tel: +82 2 3461 3000-3 and +82 31 776 2442 
Fax: +82 2 529 4240 and +82 31 776 2444 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

SK CRYOGENICS SDN BHD 

No 5, Jalan TP 7/6 

Sime U.E.P. Industrial Park 

Section 26 40400 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia 

Tel: +60 3 5192 4269/70 

Fax: +60 3 5192 4235 

Dealer/Distributor 

PAKISTAN 

ALPINE INDUSTRIALCON (PVT) LTD 

305/2 G.T. Road 
Baghbanpura, Lahore, Pakistan 
Tel: +92- 42- 685 2313 
Fax: +92- 42-367 4655 
Email: alpinelahore@hotmail.com 
Dealer/Distributor 


PHILIPPINES 

CEBU ERNBRI IMPORT, 
INC/AQUAVENTURE WHITETIP DIVE 
SUPPLY 

Ermita Office: 

Unit 101 Joncor II Bldg, #1362 A.Mabini Street 
Ermita Manila, Philippines 1000, Philippines 
Tel: +632 521-0433 Fax: +632 522-1 165 
Website: www.aquaventurewhitetip.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

BAUER COMPRESSORS ASIA PTE. LTD 

2 Alexandra Road, #01-03A Delta House 
Singapore 159919, Singapore 
Tel: +65 6271 6271 Fax: +65 6272 3345 
Email: info@bauer-compressors.com.sg 

Representative Office 

MARINE & INDUSTRIAL 
COMPRESSORS 

304 Thomson Road 
Singapore 307654 

Tel: +65 6250 6018 Fax: +65 6253 8443 
Email: masmarin@singnet.com.sg 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

MING SHEN ENTERPRISE CO LTD 

5, PaShih 1 street 
DanShui Town, Taipei 

Taiwan 25170, Taiwan (Republic of China) 

Tel: +886 (2) 28095789 

Fax: +886 (2) 28096189 

Email: www.bauer-kompressoren.de/ 

sales/bcmail_en.php?id=233> 

Website: www.3arrow.com.tw 
Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

INTERSOL ENGINEERING & 
TECHNOLOGY PTE LTD 

160 Rimklongprapa Road 

Bangsue Bangkok 10800, Thailand 

Tel: +66 2 9106 445 

Fax: +66 2 9106 446 

Email: www.bauer-kompressoren.de/ 

sales/bcmail_en.php?id=235> 

Dealer/Distributor 

VIETNAM 

MEKONG SCUBA SUPPLY LTD 

Saigon Tower 

29 Le Duan Blvd 

Suite 1600, Ho Chi Minh City 

Vietnam 

Tel: +848 823 6294 
Fax: +848 823 6288 
Email: mikedoyle44@hotmail.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

BRISTOL UNIFORMS 

BANGLADESH 

MANIK BROTHERS 

Hai Mansion (3rd Floor) 

9/3 Motijheel Circular Road 
Dhaka - 1000 
Bangladesh 

Contact: Mr A K Bhowmick 
Tel: +880 2 7100 589 
Fax: +880 2 7100 386 
Email: manikbrs@1postbox.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

BRUNEI 


DASAPREM (M) SDN BHD 

10 & 12 Jalan Muara 8/9 
40000 Shah Alam 
Selangor Darul Ehsan 
Malaysia 

Contact: Mr Prem R Murthy 
Tel: +603 550 9060 
Fax: +603 550 4486 
Email: dasaprem@yahoo.com 
Website: www.dasaprem.com 
Dealer/Distributor 


CHINA 

SHENZHEN RUFN INDUSTRIAL CO LTD 

RM-701 7/F Leaser Tower, 1st Fuhua Rd 

Shenzhen, China 

Contact: Amy Jin 

Tel: +86 755 8399 9581 

Fax: +86 755 8399 9548 

Email: wj@rufn88.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

FIJI 

PHILLIPS & SMITH LIMITED 

10 Akatea Road, Glendene 
Auckland, New Zealand 
Contact: Mr S Hampton 
Tel: +649 818 8048 
Fax: +649 818 4484 
Email: stuart@firemaster.co.nz 
Website: www.firemaster.co.nz 
Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

CHUBB HONG KONG LIMITED 

3 Hok Yuen Street East 

Hung Horn, Kowloon, Hong Kong 

Tel: +852 2746 9628 Fax: +852 2785 0849 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

FOREMOST MARKETING PVT LTD 

M-1 Green Park Extn, New Delhi 1 10016, India 

Contact: Mr Vinay Khanna 

Tel: +91 1 1 261 969 82 Fax: +91 1 1 261 669 61 

Email: foremost@vsnl.net 

Website: www.foremostsafety.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

DASAPREM (M) SDN BHD 

1 0 & 1 2 Jalan Muara 8/9, 40000 Shah Alam 

Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia 

Contact: Mr Prem R Murthy 

Tel: +603 550 9060 Fax: +603 550 4486 

Email: dasaprem@yahoo.com 

Website: www.dasaprem.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

PHILLIPS & SMITH LIMITED 

10 Akatea Road, Glendene, 

Auckland, New Zealand 

Contact: Mr S Hampton 

Tel: +649 818 8048 Fax: +649 81 8 4484 

Email: stuart@firemaster.co.nz 

Website: www.firemaster.co.nz 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

YEN LEE FIREWELD PTE LIMITED 

18 Penhas Road, 208182, Singapore 

Contact: Mr Don Tay 

Tel: +65 62909890 Fax: +65 62961444 

Email: don@fireweld.com.sg 

Website: www.fireweld.com.sg 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

SHENG-TAI FIRE PROTECTION 
INDUSTRIAL CO LTD 

No 222-2 Sec2, Cheng Tai Rd 

Wu-Ku Shiang, Taipei, Hsien, Taiwan 

Contact: Liu Yuan Hung 

Tel: +886 22292 1751 Fax: +886 22291 1984 

Email: sato@mail. mold. net. tw 

Website: www.shengtai.com.tw 

Dealer/Distributor 

BW TECHNOLOGIES 

CHINA 

BW TECHNOLOGIES BEIJING - SALES 

Room 102, No.1 Building, 

Wanliu Yishuiyuan, Wanliu Dong Road 
Haidian District 
Beijing 100089 PR. China 
Tel/Fax: +86-10-8256-4525 
Representative Office 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


73 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


BW TECHNOLOGIES 

Henry Zhang, Regional Sales Manager - 
South China Region 
Tel: +86-20-8759-0352 
Fax: +86-20-8751-7303 
Email: hZhang@bwtnet.com 
Representative Office 

BW TECHNOLOGIES 

Kai Zhao, Regional Sales Manager - 
Northeast China Region 
Tel: +86-10-5857-0527 
Fax: +86-10-5857-0187 
Email: kZhao@bwtnet.com 
Representative Office 

BW TECHNOLOGIES 

Victor Wong, Regional Sales Manager - 
Hong Kong, China, Taiwan & Korea 
Tel: +852-2974-1783 
Fax: +852-2974-1704 
Email: vWong@bwtnet.com 
Representative Office 

HONG KONG 

BW TECHNOLOGIES HONG 
KONG/TAIWAN - SALES 

Flat 2, 6/F, Block C, Y.Y. Mansion 
96 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong 

Representative Office 

LARRY LAU 

Flat C, 28/F, Tower 1 , Granville Garden 
18 Pik Tin Street, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong 

Dealer/Distributor 

CHEMETRON 

CHINA 

CHUBB CHINA 

1/F Guard Force Centre 
3 Hok Yuen Street East, Hunghom 
Kowloon, Hong Kong 
Tel: +852-23622632 

Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

CHUBB HONG KONG 

1/F, Guard Force Centre, 3 Hok Yuen Street East 
Hunghom, Kowloons, Hong Kong 
Tel: +852-23622632 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

PT DRACO 

P.O. Box 2, Tambun 17510 Jkt, Indonesia 
Tel: +62-21-8800058 

Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

YU-IL 

#168 Samsung-Dong 

Samsung Bldg Rm 401 Gangnam-Gu 

Seoul, Korea 

Tel: +01 1-82-2-565-7121 

Dealer/Distributor 

PHILIPPINES 

PALMER ASIA INC 

33 Edsa Bangkal, 1233 Metro, Manila, Philippines 
Tel: +632 751 7774 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

SEALAND RESOURCES 

Block 30 Kallang Place 

#06-21 To 24 Kallang 

Kallang Basin Industrial Est, Singapore 

Tel: +65-62968180 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

CHENG AN FIREGUARD IND 

9/F No. 97 Sec. 2, Nan-Kang Road, Taipei, Taiwan 
Tel: +011-8862-27888349 

Dealer/Distributor 


DRAEGER SAFETY 

CHINA 

BEIJING FORTUNE DRAEGER SAFETY 
EQUIPMENT CO LTD 

Yu An Lu 22, B Area, Beijing Tianzhu Airport 

Industrial Zone, Shunyi District, Beijing, 101300 

Tel: +86 10 8049 8000 

Fax: +86 10 8049 8005 

Email: peter.wang@draeger.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

PT DRAEGERINDO JAYA 

Jl. Benda Raya No. 54 DEF-Kemang 

Jakarta Selatan 12560 

Tel: +6221 788 41880 

Fax: +6221 781 0230 

Email: jakarta.headoffice@draeger.co.id 

Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN 

DRAEGER SAFETY JAPAN LTD 

3-8-1 Tokyo, 2-chome, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135 0047 
Tel: +81 3 44615111 
Fax: +81 3 44 615100 
Email: yukata.kataoka@draeger.co.jp 

Representative Office 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

DRAEGER SAFETY ASIA 

Daejong Bid. #1106, Korea Representative Office 
Bang-l-dong, Songpa gu, Seoul, Korea 
Tel: +82 2 6415 8222 
Fax: +82 2 6415 8223 
Email: sdseo3@magicn.com 
Representative Office 

MALAYSIA 

DRAEGER SAFETY ASIA PTE LTD 

14 Jalan PJS 1 1/18, Sunway Technology Park 

46150 Petaling Jaya, Selangor 

Tel: +60 3 5635 6460 

Fax: +60 3 5635 4171 

Email: dsa.malaysia@draeger.com 

Representative Office 

NEW ZEALAND 

DRAEGER SAFETY PACIFIC PTE LTD 

UnitO, No. 150 

Harris Road, East Tamaki, Auckland 
Tel: +649 273 3160 
Fax: +649 273 3159 
Email: geert.herder@draeger.com 

Representative Office 

SINGAPORE 

DRAEGER SAFETY ASIA PTE LTD 

67 Ayer Rajah Crescent #06-03 
Singapore 139950 
Contact: Justin Kung 
Tel: +65 6872 9281 
Fax: +65 6773 2033 
Email: justin.kung@draeger.com 
Website: www.draeger.com.sg 
Representative Office 

TAIWAN 


DRAEGER SAFETY TAIWAN CO LTD 

12/F, Kuohwa Building 

868-5 Chungcheng Rd, Chungho City, Taipei 

county 235, Taiwan 

Tel: +886 (02) 2223-6388 

Fax: +886 (02) 2223-2258 

Email: sales.taiwan@draeger.com 

Representative Office 

THAILAND 

DRAEGER SAFETY (THAILAND) LTD 

Chamnan Penjati Business Centre 

Unit 65/210 25th Floor 

Rama 9 Road, Huay Kwang, Bangkok 10310 

Tel: +662 6438 701/2 

Fax: +662 6438 700 

Email: sales@draeger.co.th 

Representative Office 


E2V TECHNOLOGIES 

INDIA 

FOREMOST MARKETING PVT LTD 

M-1 , Green Park Extn, New Delhi 1 1 0001 6, India 
Tel: 00 91-11-261-96982 Fax: 00 91-11-261-66961 
Email: foremost@vsnl.net 
Website: www.foremostsafety.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN 

CORNES DODWELL LTD (OSAKA) 

13-40 Nishihonmachi 1-chome, Nishi-ku 
Osaka 550-0005, Japan 

Tel: + 81-6-6532-1012 Fax: + 81-6-6532-7749 
Email: e-device@cornes-dodwell.co.jp 
Website: www.cornes-dodwell.co.jp 

Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

GODO ENGINEERING CO LTD 

1 FL. 142-5 Yeonhee-2 

Dong Soedaemun-Gu, Seoul, Korea, 120-1 12 
Tel: 822-3141-1236 Fax: 822-3141-1270 
Email: info@godoeng.com 
Website: www.godoeng.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

ELKHART BRASS 

AUSTRALIA 

FIRE RESPONSE PTY LTD 

71 Prince William Dr, P.O. Box 668, Seven Hills 

2147, Australia 

Tel: +61 2 9838 9071 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

PT REJECKI UTAMA 

Wisma Geha, 5th Floor, JL Timor 25 
Jakarta, Indonesia 
Tel: +62 21 316 2779 

Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

PSL PHILLIPS & SMITH LTD 

P.O. Box 69-028 

Glendene, Auckland, New Zealand 
Tel: +64 9 8184484 

Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

GUARDFIRE LIMITED 

42/2 Teo Hong Bangna Building, Moo 10, 
Bangna-Trad Road, Bangkok 10260, Thailand 
Tel: +66 2 7467031 

Dealer/Distributor 

FIRE FIGHTING 
ENTERPRISES 

AUSTRALIA 

AMPAC INDUSTRIES PTY LTD 

97 Walters Drive, Osbourne Park 
Western Australia 601 7 

Tel: 00 61 892 423 333 Fax: 00 61 892 423 334 

Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

HLK SERVICES LTD 

Room 1111, Tower B, Hung Horn Commercial 

Centre, 39 Ma Tau Wai Road 

Hung Horn, Kowloon, Hong Kong 

Tel: 00 852 23303083 Fax: 00 852 23656128 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

NITIN FIRE PROTECTION INDUSTRIES LTD 

501 , Delta, Technology St. 

Hirananandani Gardens, 

Powai, Mumbai -400 076, India 
Tel: 00 91 22 25700392 
Fax: 00 91 22 257011 10 
Dealer/Distributor 


74 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


KOREA (SOUTH) 

HI MAX CO LTD 

Sicox Tower 115-Ho 513-14, Sangdaewon-Dong 
Jungwon-Gu,Sungnam-City, Kyungki Do, Korea 
Tel: 00 82 31 769 7698 
E-Mail khkim@himax1 1 9.co.kr 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

FITTERS ENG.SERVS SDN BHD 

No.1 Block C, Jalan Dataran Sd 1 Pju 9, 52200 
Bandar Sri, Damansara, Kuala Lumpar, Malaysia 
Tel: 00 60 3 62767155 
Fax: 00 60 3 62758712 

Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

AMPAC INDUSTRIES LIMITED 

P.O. Box 100-149, North Shore Mail Centre 
Glenfield, Auckland, New Zealand 
Tel: 00 64 94438072 
Fax: 00 64 94438073 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

ACCLAIM SYSTEMS PTE LTD 

Blk 104 Boon Keng Road, 05-01 
Singapore 339775 
Tel: 00 656 2990 798 
Fax: 00 656 299 3735 

Dealer/Distributor 

ALARM SUPPLY PTE LTD 

63 Jalan Pemimpin 

03-07 Pemimpin Industrial Building 

Singapore 577219 

Tel: 00 656 258 3445 

Fax: 00 656 258 6428 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

HORING LIH IND CO LTD 

4F No 18 Lane 327, Chung Shan Road 
Sec 2 Chung-Ho-City, Taipei Hsien, Taiwan 
Tel: 00886 2224 87599 
Fax: 00886 2224 07752 
Email ahtaipei@me26.hinet.net 
Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

F.B. (THAILAND) LTD 

75 Soi Rubia 
Sukhumvit 42 Road 
Bangkok 10110 
Thailand 

Tel: 00 66 2 3902445 
Fax: 00 66 2 3811197 

Dealer/Distributor 

TEEYA MASTER SYSTS CO LTD 

100/101-102 Vongvanji, Building B, 30Th Fir, 

Rama 9 Road, Huaykhwang 
Bangkok 10320, Thailand 
Tel: 00 662 2 6451130 
Fax: 00 662 2 2488540 
Dealer/Distributor 

HELMET INTEGRATED 
SYSTEMS 

AUSTRALIA 

CHUBB FIRE AUSTRALIA 

120 Silverwater Road, Silverwater 
NSW 21 18, Australia 
Tel: +61 2 8748 7440 
Email: Graham_Harris@chubb.com.au 

Dealer/Distributor 

BRUNEI 

GLAMCO AVIATION (B) SDN BHD 

GPO Box 2793 

Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei BS 8675 
Tel: +673 2 451757 
Email: shran@brunet.bn 

Dealer/Distributor 


CHINA 

WUXI FIRETRE SAFETECH 

No 8, 2nd Floor, Xian Li Road 
WUXI, Jiangsu Province 214021 
People's Republic of China 
Tel: +86 510 275 3771 
Email: gao@pub.wx.jsinfo.net 
Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

SAFETECH LIMITED 

Block C Unit 11, 11th Floor 

Wah Lock Industrial Centre, Shan Mai Street 

Fo Tan Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

VIJAY SABRE SAFETY PVT LTD 

Plot 35 Chandivali Village, Off Saki Vihar Rd 
Mumbai 400 072, India 
Tel: +91 22 28475488 
Email: vijaysabre@vsnl.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

PT BUMI CERAH AGUNG 

Komplex Karang, Anyar Permai 
Jl Karang Anyar No 55 /Cl -17 
Jakarta 10740, Indonesia 
Tel: +62 21 6246954 
Email: rudybca@centrin.net. id 
Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

JIN-ASIA CORPORATION 

889-3 Daedae-Ri, Unghon Myun 
Ulzoo-Kun, Ulsan City, South Korea 
Tel: +82 52 221 9871 
Email: jinasia@nownuri.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

DASAPREM (M) SDN BHD 

10 & 12 Jalan Muara 8/9 

4000 Shah Alam, Selangor 

Darul Ehsan, Malaysia 

Tel: +60 (3) 551 00957 

Email: dasaprem@dasaprem.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

CHUBB FIRE & SAFETY PRODUCTS 

3 Fisher Crescent, Mt Wellington 
Private Bag 9220, Auckland, New Zealand 
Tel: +64 9 270 7234 
Email: Daryl_Brown@chubb.co.nz 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

PROGRESSIVE INDUSTRIAL 
EQUIPMENT COMPANY 

24 New Industrial Rd, #02-08 Pei Fu Building 
Singapore 536210 
Tel: +65 6282 7722 
Email: pie@pacific.net.sg 

Dealer/Distributor 

PHILIPPINES 

ALLIANCE INDUSTRIAL SALES 

Unit 109, Cluster 3, Makati Prime City 
7708 St Paul Road San Antonio 
1203 Makati City, Philippines 
Tel: +632 890 8818 
Email: alliance8_jcy@pacif ic.net.ph 
Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

SECOROC CORPORATION 

219 Chung Cheng North Road 
San Chung City, Taipei Hsien 
Taiwan 

Tel: +88 2 8985 3838 

Email: secoroc@ms21.hinet.net 

Dealer/Distributor 


THAILAND 

CHASE ENTERPRISE (SIAM) CO LTD 

497 Phrapinklao Road, PO Box 7-67 
Bangyeekhan, Bangplad 
Bangkok 10700, Thailand 
Tel: +66 2 883 2880 
Email: chase@loxinfo.co.th 
Dealer/Distributor 

KERR 

AUSTRALIA 

FIRE RESPONSE PTY LTD 

PO Box 668, New South Wales 1730, 

Seven Hills, Australia 

Contact: Geoff Marchant 

Tel: 0061 02 9838 9044 Fax: 0061 02 9838 9071 

Email: firemail@fireresponse.com.au 

Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

ON MAN SAFETY EQUIPMENT CO 

6/F Block FI 

Hong Kong Industrial Building 

444-452 Des Voeux Road, West Hong Kong 

Contact: Micheal Lui 

Tel: 00852 254 72658 Fax: 00852 254 72674 
Email: miclui@ctimail3.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

NITIN FIRE PROTECTION INDUSTRIES 
LIMITED 

501, Delta, Technology Street 
Hiranandani Gardens, Powai 
Mumbai 400-076, India 
Contact: Vijay Shelar 

Tel: 0091 22 2570 0392 Fax: 0091 22 2570 1110 
Email: shelarv@nitinfire.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

DASAPREM (M) SDN BHD 

1 0 & 1 2 Jalan Muara 8/9, 40 000 Shah Alam 
Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia 
Contact: T.D. Murthy 

Tel: 00603 5510 0957 Fax: 00603 5510 4486 
Email: dasaprem@yahoo.com 
Website: www.dasaprem.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

PSL 

PO Box 69-028, 10 Akatea Road 

Glendene, Auckland, New Zealand 

Contact: Anne Hadfield 

Tel: 0064 9 818 8048 Fax: 0064 9 818 4484 

Email: anne@firemaster.co.nz 

Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

THE EAST ASIATIC (THAILAND) 

PUBLIC CO LTD - EAC 

1 168/98-100 Lumpini Tower 
33rd Floor, Rama IV Road, Kwang Thungmahamek 
Khet, Sathorn Bangkok 10120, Thailand 
Contact: Patcharaporn S. 

Tel: 0066 2689 5999 Fax: 0066 2689 5888 
Email: patcharaporn@eac.co.th 
Dealer/Distributor 

KIDDE FIRE 
PROTECTION 

AUSTRALIA 

KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 

Street Address: 

3 1 4 Boundary Road, Dingley Vic 3 1 72 
Mailing Address: 

PO Box 682, Braeside Vic 3 1 95 
Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 
Tel: 03 9518 5588 Fax: 03 9518 5577 
Email: info@angusfire.com.au 
Website: www.angusfire.com.au 
Representative Office 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


75 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


BRUNEI 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point, Singapore 119958 
Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 
mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 
Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 
Steven Tan: steven.tan_s_c@kidde-asia.com.sg 
Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 
Website: http://www.kiddeasia.com 
Representative Office 

CHINA 

KIDDE CHINA 

Product Support & Sales Office, 21/F Tower 2 

88 Container Port Road, Hong Kong 

Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager) 

martin.dowson@kidde-china.com 

Tel: 00 852 2334 2388 Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 

Email: general@kidde-china.com 

Representative Office 

HONG KONG 
KIDDE CHINA 

Product Support & Sales Office, 21/F Tower 2, 

88 Container Port Road, Hong Kong 

Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager) 

martin.dowson@kidde-china.com 

Tel: 00 852 2334 2388 Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 

Email: general@kidde-china.com 

Representative Office 

INDIA 

KIDDE INDIA LIMITED 

EL 205, TTC Industrial Area 

Mahape, Navi Mumbai, 400 710, India 

Tel: +91 22 67800100 Fax: +91 22 27618444 

Email: info@kiddeindia.com 

Website: www.kiddeindia.com 

Representative Office 

INDONESIA 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 119958 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven. tan_s_c@kidde-asia. com. sg 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Representative Office 

JAPAN 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road, 17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 119958 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven. tan_s_c@kidde-asia. com. sg 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Representative Office 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road, 17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 119958 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven. tan_s_c@kidde-asia. com. sg 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Representative Office 

MACAU 

KIDDE CHINA 

Product Support & Sales Office 

21/F Tower 2, 88 Container Port Road, Hong Kong 

Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager) 

martin.dowson@kidde-china.com 

Tel: 00 852 2334 2388 Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 

Email: general@kidde-china.com 

Representative Office 


MALAYSIA 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

1 7-01 & 04 Alexandra Point, Singapore 1 1 9958 
Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 
mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 
Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 
Steven Tan: steven.tan_s_c@kidde-asia.com.sg 
Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 
Website: www.kiddeasia.com 
Representative Office 

NEW ZEALAND 

KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 

Street Address: 

314 Boundary Road, Dingley Vic 3172 
Mailing Address: 

PO Box 682, Braeside Vic 3 1 95 
Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 
Tel: 03 9518 5588 Fax: 03 9518 5577 
Email: info@angusfire.com.au 
Website: www.angusfire.com.au 
Representative Office 

PAPUA NEW GUINEA 
KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 

Street Address: 

314 Boundary Road, Dingley Vic 3172 
Mailing Address: 

PO Box 682, Braeside Vic 3 1 95 
Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 
Tel: 03 9518 5588 Fax: 03 9518 5577 
Email: info@angusfire.com.au 
Website: www.angusfire.com.au 
Representative Office 

PHILIPPINES 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 1 19958 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven.tan_s_c@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Representative Office 

SINGAPORE 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road, 17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 1 19958 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven.tan_s_c@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Representative Office 

TAIWAN 

KIDDE CHINA 

Product Support & Sales Office 
21/F Tower 2 
88 Container Port Road 
Hong Kong 

Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager) 

martin.dowson@kidde-china.com 

Tel: 00 852 2334 2388 

Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 

Email: general@kidde-china.com 

Representative Office 

THAILAND 

KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD 

438 Alexandra Road 

17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point 

Singapore 1 19958 

Contacts: Matthew Grierson: 

mgrierson@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Bob Graham: bob.graham@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Steven Tan: steven.tan_s_c@kidde-asia.com.sg 

Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979 

Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 

Website: www.kiddeasia.com 

Representative Office 


L&W COMPRESSORS 

AUSTRALIA 

SATSIM DIVING & TRAINING 

Batemans Bay, Australia 
Contact: Chris Laursen 
Tel: + 61 (0)2 4472 3205 
Mobile: + 61 (0)415 610 934 
Email: chris@satsim.com.au 
Website: www.satsim.com.au 
Dealer/Distributor 

BANGLADESH 

ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURAL 
CONSULTANTS LTD 

10 Dilkusha c/a, Jibon Bima Tower (8th floor) 
Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh 
Tel: +880 2-956 1610 Fax: +880 2-956 1606 
Email: eac@bdmail.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

CHINA & HONG KONG 

L&W COMPRESSORS + SYSTEMS PTE 
LTD IN CHINA 

Room 902, Building #6 Huirun Yuan, Tong Hui Jia 
Yuan 

Gao Bei Dian Xiang, Chao Yang District, 100025 
Tel.: +(8610)5967-9218 Fax : +(8610)5967-9218 
Cell: +(86)1314-128-1608 
Email: nathan@lw.com. sg 

Representative Office 

HONG KONG 

OCEAN PROFIT LTD 

G/F, 1 04A, Fook Wah St. 

Sham Shui Po, Kowloon, Hong Kong 
Tel: +852 2708 1337 
Fax: +852 2725 9270 
Email: charles@kikoo.com. hk 
Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 


CORE ENERGY SYSTEMS PVT LTD 

Plot X/1 6 — 1 & 2, Prathmesh Vyapari Sankul, 
MIDC Residential Zone, Dombivli (E) - 421 203 
Maharashtra 

Tel: +91 251 2444 800/01 
Fax: + 91 251 2444 804 
Mobile: 92235 93442 
Email: Ashish@core.co.in 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

LAUTAN MAS 

Jl. Toko Tiga No. 24 
1 1230 Jakarta-Barat 
Tel: +62 21 690 1333 
Fax: +62 21 690 2479 
Email: Office@lautanmas.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA 

HYSINE TRADING 

The Centum Park 

102-2704 Haeundae-gu Jaesong 1-dong 

Busan, Korea 

PO Box 612-712 

Tel: +8251-314 3017 

Fax: +8251-988 3017 

Email: hodigi2@yahoo.co.kr 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

SPECTRON SERVICES SDN BHD 

66 Jalan Gelang Off Jin Sungai Besi 
Jalan Imbi, 55200 Kuala Lumpur 
Malaysia 

Tel: +603 4257 3837 
Fax: +603 4256 9884 

Dealer/Distributor 

DRAEGER SAFETY ASIA PTE LTD 

14 Jalan PJ S 1 1/8, Bandar Sunway 

461 50 Petaling Jaya, Malaysia 

Tel: +603 5635 6460 Fax: +603 5635 4171 

Dealer/Distributor 


76 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


SINERGI IKRAM (M) SDN BHD 

No. 4, Jalan TPP 5/7 
Taman Perindustrian Puchong 
47100 Puchong 
Selangor, Malaysia 

Tel: +603 8068 3929 Fax: +603 8068 2091 
Email: sinergi@tm.net. my 

Dealer/Distributor 

SABAH DIVERS 

Lot 27, Ground Floor 
Wisma Sabah 
Jalan Haji Saman 

88000 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia 
Tel/Fax: 6088 256 483 

Dealer/Distributor 

PAKISTAN 

MODERN MOTORS (PVT) LTD 

Beaumont Road 

Modern Motors House PO Box 8505 

Karachi 75530, Pakistan 

Contact: Mr. Asif Chaudhri 

Tel: 9221-568 0347 Fax: 9221-568 0903 

Email: mmlparts@cyber.net.pk 

Dealer/Distributor 

PAPUA NEW GUINEA 

DIVECENTRE 

Contact: John Miller 

Email: divecentrepng@datec.net.pg 

Dealer/Distributor 

PHILIPPINES 

ASIA DIVERS 

PADI 5 Star CDC centre 
El Galleon Beach Resort 
Abimir Place, 1741 Dian Street 
Palanan, 1235 Makati City, Philippines 
Tel: +632 834 2974 Fax: +632 287 3205 
Mobile: +63 0917-8139941 
Email: tommy@asiadivers.com 
Website: www.asiadivers.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

SRI LANKA 

LSR LANKA SPORTREIZEN 

29 B, S.DE. S. Jayasinghe mawatha 
Kalubowila, Dehiwela, Sri Lanka 
Tel: +94 1 1 282 4500, 2824955 
Fax: +94 11 2826125 
Email: lsr@sri.lanka.net 
Website: www.lsr-srilanka.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

FIREWOLF 

IF, No. 13, LANE 89, JIANG-NAN ST. 

NEI-HU, TAIPEI, TAIWAN R.O.C. 

Tel: +886-2-26582626 Fax: +886-2-27977890 
Website: www.firewolf.com.tw 

Dealer/Distributor 

FULGENT SCIENTIFIC INC 

1 F, 27, 66 Lane, Jui Kuang Rd. 

Taipei 1 14, Taiwan R.O.C. 

Contact: Mr. S.F. Sheen 

Tel: +886 2 87925406 Fax: +886 2 87925734 
Mobile: +886 928 276588 
Email: fulgent@ms13.hinet.net 
Website: www.fulgent-sic.com.tw 

Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

DIVE MASTER CO LTD 

16 Asoke Court, Sukumvit 21 Road 
Wattana, 10110 Bangkok, Thailand 
Tel: 662 2593191 Fax: 662 259 31 97 
Email: info@divemaster.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

DIVE SUPPLY CO LTD 

(Service Center only) 88/5 Patak Road, 

Chalong Bay, Phuket 83100, Thailand 
Tel: +66-76-383414-6 Fax: +66-76-281525 
Email: info@divesupply.com 
Website: www.divesupply.com 
Dealer/Distributor 


VIETNAM 

LOADCELL SERVICES PTE LTD 

143 Binh Gia 
Vung Tau, S R Vietnam 
Contact: Chris Evans 

Tel: (+84) 64 582373 Fax: (+84) 64 581254 
Mobile: (+84) 90 3833950 
Email: lcsvn@loadcellservices.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

MSA 

AUSTRALIA 

MSA (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTD 

137 Gilba Road, Girraween 

New South Wales 2145, Australia 

Tel: +61 2 9688 0333 Fax: +61 2 9896 3224 

Email: customerservice@msanet.com 

Website: www.msa.net.au 

Representative Office 

CHINA 


WUXI MSA SAFETY EQUIPMENT 
CO LTD 

305 Xicheng Road, Wuxi 

Jiangsu Province 214 046, PR. China 

Tel: +86 510 310 94 54 Fax: +86 51 0 31 0 23 10 

Email: info@msa-china.com 

Website: www.msa-china.com 

Representative Office 

HONG KONG 

MSA HONG KONG 

Rooms 2505-2506, Tai Tung Bldg. 

8 Fleming Road, Wanchai, Hong Kong 
Tel: +852 2258 7533 Fax: +852 2258 8780 

Representative Office 

INDIA 

MSA (INDIA) LIMITED 

P-25, Transport Depot Road 
Kolkata 700 088, India 

Tel: +91 33 2449 6220 Fax: +91 33 2449 1368 
Email: india@msanet.com 
Website: www.msanet.com 

Representative Office 

INDONESIA 

MSA INDONESIA 

Kemayoran No. 1-K 

Jalan Rajawali Selatan, Raya Blok C5 No. 2 
Jakarta Utara 14410, Indonesia 
Tel: +62 21 640 9000 Fax: +62 21 641 2831 
Email: msaina@msanet.com 

Representative Office 

JAPAN 

MSA JAPAN LTD 

No. 30-16 Nishiwaseda, 3-Chome 
Shinjuku-Ku, Tokyo 169-0051 
Japan 

Tel: +81 3 3209 2171 
Fax: +81 3 5291 8755 
Email: info@msajapan.com 
Website: www.msajapan.com 

Representative Office 

MALAYSIA 

MSA MALAYSIA 

65-65LG Jalan Melati Utama 4 
Taman Melati Utama 
53100 Setapak 
Kuala Lumpur 
Malaysia 

Tel: +60 3 41 08 7208 
Fax: +60 3 4108 7209 
Email: info@msasafety.com. my 

Representative Office 

SINGAPORE 

MSA SOUTH EAST ASIA PTE LTD 

51 Ayer Rajah Crescent, #02-03 
129948 Singapore 

Tel: +65 6776 1633 Fax: +65 6778 2529 
Email: msasin@msanet.com 

Representative Office 


THAILAND 

MSA THAILAND 

281-283 Soi Sookdee, Patanakarn Road 
Suanluang, Bangkok 10250, Thailand 
Tel: +662 318 1765 Fax: +662 31 8 3302 
Email: msa.th@msanet.com 

Representative Office 

NITTAN 

AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND 

QESS FIRE AND SECURITY 

Quantum Business Park, Unit 60, 7-9 Percy St. 

Auburn NSW 2144, Australia 

Tel: +61 2 9737 0933 

Email: sales@qess.com.au 

Website: www.nittan.com.au 

Dealer/Distributor 

NOTIFIER/INERTIA 
FIRE SYSTEMS 

AUSTRALIA 

NOTIFIER/INERTIA FIRE SYSTEMS 

Sydney, Australia 

Tel: 61-2-9899-4155 Fax: 61-2-9899-4156 

Additional Locations: Brisbane, Queensland 
Melbourne, Victoria 

Representative Office 

CHINA 

NOTIFIER CHINA 

Shanghai, China 

Tel: 86-21-5027-21 19 Fax: 86-21-5027-31 19 

Representative Office 

HONG KONG 

NOTIFIER HONG KONG 

Kowloon, Hong Kong 

Tel: 852-2730-9090 Fax: 852-2736-6590 

Representative Office 

INDIA 

NOTIFIER INDIA 

Mumbai, India 

Tel: 852-2730-9090 Fax: 852-2736-6590 

Representative Office 

Additional Locations in India: New Delhi, Chennai, 
Bangalore, Calcutta, Gurgaon 

SINGAPORE 

NOTIFIER SINGAPORE 

Tel: 65-6271-5503 Fax: 65-6271-9961 

Representative Office 

TAIWAN 

NOTIFIER TAIWAN 

Taipei, Taiwan 

Tel: 886-2-2245-7248 Fax: 886-2-2245-0927 

Representative Office 

PBI PERFORMANCE 
PRODUCTS 

CHINA 

WAH TAI ENTERPRISES 

PO. Box No. 10303 

General Post Office, Hong Kong, China 
Tel: 852-9098-7262 Fax: 852-2782-0718 
Email: johnnyho@wtyf.com 
Website: www.wtyf.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

PPS LTD 

AUSTRALIA 

OPEC SYSTEMS PTY LTD 

3/4 Aquatic Drive, Frenchs Forest 

New South Wales 2086, Australia 

Contact: Peter Murphy 

Tel: +61 2 9453 9077 Fax: +61 2 9975 7808 

Website: www.opecsystems.com.au 

Dealer/Distributor 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


77 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


HONG KONG 

SAFETECH LIMITED 

Block C Unit 11-12, 17/F, Wah Lok Industrial Centre 
Shan Mei Street, FO Tan, Shatin N.T., Hong Kong 
Contact: Andy Chan 

Tel: +852 2687 4038 Fax: +852 2684 2784 
Website: www.safetech.com.hk 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA/CHINA/SOUTH 
AMERICA/UAE/OMAN/ABU DHABI/SAUDI 
ARABIA/QUATAR/JORDON/IRAN/BAHRAIN 

Mike Vincent, National Account Manager - 
Export Sales 

Protection House, Sherbourne Drive, Tilbrook, 
Milton Keynes, Bucks, ENGLAND MK7 8HX 
Mobile: 07833 575999 

Tel: +44 (0)1 908 272240 Fax: +44 (0)1 908 371605 
Email: sales@ppsgb.com 
Website: www.ppsgb.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

ISRAEL 

AMOS GAZIT LIMITED 

5 Odem St., Petach-Tikva, P O Box 7700, ISRAEL 
Contact: Man Shalev 

Tel: +972 392 50013 Fax: +972 392 27766 
Website: www.gazit.co.il 

Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN - TOKYO 

CORNES & COMPANY LIMITED 

F-Nissei Ebisu Building, 16-3, Higashi 3-chome, 
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150-845, JAPAN 
Contact: Jun Takahashi 
Tel: +81-3-5774-9971 Fax: +813-5774-9980 
Website: www.cornes.co.jp 
Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN - OSAKA 

CORNES & COMPANY LTD 

1- 13-40 Nishi Honmachi, Nishi-Ku, 

Osaka 550-0005, JAPAN 
Contact: Tomiko Nomura 

Tel: +81-6-6532-1017 Fax: +81 665 327749 
Website: www.cornes.co.jp 
Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

GODO ENGINERRING LTD 

3F, 219-2, Buam-dong, Jongro-gu, Seoul, 

110-817, Korea 

Contact: Koan Namkung 

Tel: 822-396-1522 Fax: 822-396-1524 

Website: www.godoeng.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

MALAYSIA 

TMR ALAM SDN BHD 

G-9 Impian Kota, Jalan Kampung Attap 
50460 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 
Contact: Mazlan Omar 
Tel: +60 3227 35200 Fax: +60 3227 35171 

Dealer/Distributor 

NEW ZEALAND 

J S LANGEN AGENCIES LIMITED 

Trading as Wholesafe, 4 Whyte Street 

PO Box 40, Foxton, New Zealand 

Tel: +64 6 363 7311 Fax: +64 6 363 6948 

Free Phone: (NZ ONLY) 0800 526 436 

Email: judy@wholesafe.co.nz 

Website: www.wholesafe.co.nz 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

FORCE 21 EQUIPMENT PTE LIMITED 

61 Kaki Buki Ave 1, Shun LI Ind Park 

02- 24 S (41 7943), Singapore 
Contact: Mr Daniel Cheah 

Tel: 0065 6848 4424 Fax: 0065 6848 4434 

Dealer/Distributor 

NOAH AGENCIES 'N' MARINE 
SERVICES PTE LTD 

43 Kian Teck Drive, Jurong, Singapore 628856 
Tel: +65 6266 0788 Fax: +65 6266 1042 
Website: www.noah.com.sg 

Dealer/Distributor 


TAIWAN 

NELVEN CO LIMITED 

14F-6 No 76 Sec 1, Fu-Shing S Road, Taipei, Taiwan 
Contact: C T Cho 

Tel: +886 22721 9770 Fax: +886 28773 2047 
Website: www.nelven.com.tw 

Dealer/Distributor 

RESQTEC 

AUSTRALIA 

DELTA FIRE AUSTRALASIA PTY LTD 

PO Box 2149, Mansfield, Queensland 

4122, Australia 

Contact: Mr Bob Grieve 

Tel: +617 3277 6063 Fax: +617 3277 6036 

Email: bob@deltafire.com.au 

Dealer/Distributor 

BANGLADESH 

MANIK BROTHERS 

Hai Mansion (3rd Floor) 

9/3 Motijheel Circular Road 

Dhaka - 1000, Bangladesh 

Contact: Mr A. K. Bhowmick 

Tel: +880-2-71 0-0589/+880-2-71 0-0827 

Fax: +880-2-710-1331 

Dealer/Distributor 

CHINA 

TUNG SHING TRADE DEVELOPMENT 
CO LTD 

Room 1601, Yishang Building, No. 11, Malian 

Road, Guang Wai 100055 Beijing 

Contact: Mr Joseph Yip/Mr Roy Tsoi 

Tel: +86 10 6339 5834 Fax: +86 10 6328 8649 

Email: info@tungshingfire.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

TUNG SHING TRADE DEVE'L CO LTD 

Suit 906, 9/F, ICBC Tower, 

3 Garden Road, Central Hong Kong 
Contact: Mr Joseph Yip/Mr Roy Tsoi 
Tel: (852) 2578 6088 Fax: (852) 2887 6993 
Email: roytsoi@tungshingfire.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

AIR DRIVE EQUIPMENTS CO PVT LTD 

Aman Chambers, 1 13, New Queens' Road 

PO. Box 3695, 400 004 Mumbai, India 

Contact: MrVinod Bhojania 

Tel: +91 2223678689 

Fax: +91 2223675229/+9 2223639163 

Email: airdrive@vsnl.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

PT LAVINTA BUANA SAKTI 

Komplek Rukan Puri Kencana 

Block K7 No. 3e, Jakarta 11610, Indonesia 

Contact: Ms G. Any Nurcahyanti, Se 

Tel: +6-2215823570 

Fax: +6-2215826676 

Email: lavinta@cbn.net. id 

Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN 

Z-PRODUCE COMPANY 

6-3-1 7, Tanimachi Chuo - Ku 

542-0012 Osaka City, Japan 

Contact: Mr Satoru Hayashi 

Tel: +816-6-768-9700 

Fax: +81 6-6-762-4837/+886-3-322-3908 

Email: info@zumro-pro.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

DAE RYU K TECH CO 

(4X4 KOREA) 

#BA-1 21 2 Chung-Ang, Circulation Complex 
1258 Kuro-Dong, Kuro-Gu, Seoul 152-721, Korea 
Contact: Mr Sung Dong, Kim 
Tel: +82-2-2625 5060 Fax: +82-2-2625 5535 
Email: top@1 19rescue.com 
Dealer/Distributor 


PAKISTAN 

HASEEN HABIB CORPORATION (PVT) LTD 

27, Nicholson Rd, Lahore 54000, Pakistan 

Contact: Mr Ata-ur-Rahman Barry 

Tel: (042) 636 7222 

Fax: (042) 636 8855/(042) 637 4041 

Email: barry@firechief.com.pk 

Dealer/Distributor 

PHILIPPINES 

BOSTON HOME INC SUPPLY 

168, Apo St, Sta. Mesa, Heights 
Quezon City, Philipines 1 100 
Contact: Bernard Tiongson 
Tel: +632-4123726 Fax: +632-4150130 
Email: boston@pldtdsl.net 
Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

BOSS MOTOR CO LTD 

No. 10, Alley 8, Lane 227, 4 Sec. 

Chang Hsing Rd., Lu Chu Shiang 
Taoyuan (338) Taiwan. R.O.C. 

Contact: Mr F. T. Chen 

Tel: +886-3-3118199 Fax: +886-3-322-3908 
Email: boss.motor@msa.hinet.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

ROYAL EN-TECH CO LTD 

88, Phichai Road Dusit, Bangkok 10300 
Contact: Mr Somphop Kongdej-Adisak/Mr Phichit 
Thinsantisuk 

Tel: +662-6691 1 91 -3/+662-24362 1 5-7 
Fax: +662-241 1 839/+662-24301 05 
Email: royalent@ksc.th.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

VIETNAM 

HIEPHOA EQUIPMENT OF 
ENVIRONMENT AND TRADING CO LTD 

1 1 , Nguyen Chi Thanh, Dong Da Dist., 

Hanoi, Vietnam 

Contact: Ms Minh Phuong/Mr Trung 

Tel: +84 4 7731961 

Fax: +84 4 773 1 962/+84 4 7734553 

Email: minhphuong0603@gmail.com/ 

hiephoa@hn.vnn.vn 

Dealer/Distributor 

RUSSWURM 
VENTILATOREN GMBH 

AUSTRALIA 

COMSOLINT 

1402-2214 Gold Coast HWY 
AU-4218 Mermaid Beach 
Queensland 

Tel: 0061 4394 93332 Fax: 0061 7300 90527 
Email: info@comsolint.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

CHINA 

WUHAN GDW-BROCOO 

Pneumatic Technique Co. Ltd. No 1001 B Building, 
Triumphal Arc, CN-430070 Plaza Xudong Road 
Wuhan, China 

Tel: +86 27 86835595 Fax: +86 27 86728946 
Email: brocoo58@yahoo.com.cn 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 


GAS ENGG. P LTD 

C408, Shiv Sagar, Plot No 79, Gorai II, 
Borivali West, IND-400 091 Mumbai, India 
Tel: 0091 9820035452 
Email: gec@vsnl.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDONESIA 

NARAYANI AGENCIES 

J. B. Business Centre, Room No. 18, 

Fifth Floor 506, 1 16 Park Lane S.D. Road 
IN-500003 SECUNDERABAD, Indonesia 
Email: sunita_na2001@yahoo.com 

Dealer/Distributor 


78 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


DISTRIBUTOR AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 


SAGE TECHNOLOGIES 

JAPAN 

COMTEC COMPANY 

Tokyo 202-0023, Japan 
Tel: +81 4 22 72 1199 

Dealer/Distributor 

TASK FORCE TIPS, INC. 

AUSTRALIA 

GAAM EMERGENCY PRODUCTS 

29 Temple Dr., 

PO Box 21 1 Thomastown, Victoria, 3074, Australia 
Tel: +61 3 9466 1244 Fax: 61 3 9466 4743 
Email: bkincade@tycoint.com 
Website: www.gaam.com.au 

Dealer/Distributor 

CHINA 

SHANGHAI JINDE INDUSTRY 
DEVELOPMENT CO LTD 

Room 610, 1 Lane 50, Xin Cun Road 
Shanghai, 200065, China 
Tel: +86 21-360-50599 Fax: +86 21-360-55599 
Email: jmgushon@online.sh.cn 

Dealer/Distributor 

HONG KONG 

ROTTER INTERNATIONAL LIMITED 

Unit A G/F. Hung To Road 
6-8 Hung To Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong 
Tel: 85227517770 Fax: 85227562051 
Email: jacky@rotter.com.hk 

Dealer/Distributor 

UNIVERSAL CARS LIMITED 

UCL House, 374-380 Castle Peak Road 
Tsuen Wan, N.T. 

Hong Kong 

Tel: +852 2414 0231 Fax: +852 2413 6063 
Email: andrewplh@simedarby.com.hk 
Website: www.mitsubishi-motors.com.hk 

Dealer/Distributor 

INDIA 

FOREMOST TECHNICO PVT LIMITED 

M-1, Green Park Extension 
New Delhi 110016, India 

Tel: +91 (11)2619 6997 Fax: +91 (11)2616 6961 

Dealer/Distributor 

Mumbai Resi./Office: 

803, 8th Floor, Bldg. No. 23 C, Opp. 

Jalvayu Vihar, Hiranandani Gardens, Powai, 
Mumbai - 400 076 
Email: info@tca.co.in 
Website: www.tca.co.in 

INDONESIA 

PT PALMAS ENTRACO 

Jl. Krekot 85, Jakarta-Pusat 
Indonesia 

Tel: +62 (21) 384 1681 Fax: +62 (21) 380 2660 
Email: ptpalmas@attglobal.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN 


YONE CORPORATION 

23, Nishinakaai-Cho 

Nishinokyo, Nakagyo-Ku, Kyoto 604 

Japan 

Tel: +81 (7) 582-1 1 1 85 Fax: +81 (7) 580-12263 
Email: t.yone@myad.jp 
Website: www.yone-co.co.jp 

Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

SHILLA FIRE CO LTD 

433-1 1 Non Hon-Dong 

Nam Dong-Gu, Inchon City 405-300 

South Korea 

Tel: +82-02-3665 901 1 Fax: +82-02-3663 91 1 3 
Email: kofire77@hotmail.com 
Website: www.firekorea.com 

Dealer/Distributor 


MALAYSIA 

CME EDARAN SDN BHD 

Lot 19, Jalan Delima 1/1 

Subang Hi-Tech industrial Park 

Batu Tiga, 4000 Shah Alam 

Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia 

Tel: +60 (3) 56331 188 Fax: +60 (3) 56343838 

Email: simon.tan@cme.com. my 

Dealer/Distributor 

PHILIPPINES 

ALLIANCE INDUSTRIAL SALES 

Unit 109 Cluster 3 

Makati Prime City, 7708 St. Paul Rd. 

Brgy San Antonio, Makati City, Philippines 
Tel: +63 (2) 897-2037 Fax: +63 (2) 896-0083 
Email: alliance8_jcy@pacific.net.ph 
Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

S.K. FIRE PTE LTD 

8 Tuas Drive 2, Singapore 638643, Singapore 
Tel: +65 6862 3155 Fax: +65 6862 0273 
Email: houchin@skfire.com 
Website: www.skfire.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 

YONE CORPORATION 

23, Nishinakaai-Cho, Nishinokyo 

Nakagyo-Ku, Kyoto 604, Japan 

Tel: +81 (7) 582-1 1 1 85 Fax: +81 (7) 580-12263 

Email: t.yone@myad.jp 

Website: www.yone-co.co.jp 

Dealer/Distributor 

THAILAND 

ANTI-FIRE, CO LTD 

316-316/1 Sukhumvit 22 Rd 

Klongtoey Klongtoey, Bangkok, 10110 Thailand 

Tel: 6622596898 Fax: 6622582422 

Email: sithichai@antifire.com 

Website: www.antifire.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

SEAT PATTAYA CO LTD 

138/74, 18th Floor, Jewellery Centre, 

Nares Road, Siphraya, Bangrak 

Bangkok 10500, Thailand 

Tel: +66 (2) 267 3273 Fax: +66 (2) 267-3280 

Email: pongpen@loxinfo.co.th 

Dealer/Distributor 

TYCO FIRE & SECURITY 

INDONESIA 

TYCO FIRE & SECURITY 

Pt. ODG Wormald Indonesia 

Jl . Let Jen. TB. Simatupang no. 1 50 B 

Tanjung Barat, Jagakarsa, Jakarta, 12530 

Representative Office 

VETROTECH 

JAPAN 


SAINT-GOBAIN HANGLAS 
(JAPAN) K.K. 

6F/L Saint-Gobain Bldg, 3-7, Kojimachi 

Chiyoda-Ku, J-Tokyo 102-0083 

Contact: Mr Sadahiro Inada 

Tel: +81 3 5275 08 63 Fax: +81 3 5275 0913 

Email: infoVSGJ.vetrotech@saint-gobain.com 

Website: www.vetrotech.com 

Representative Office 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

HANKUK PROCESSED GLASS INC 

585-14, Gajwa-Dong 

Incheon, 404-250, Seo-Gu, Seoul/South Korea 

Contact: Mr Jung Soo Park 

Tel: +82 32 580 04 07 

Fax: +82 32 579 04 30 

Email: jspark@hanglas.co.kr 

Website: www.hanglas.co.kr 

Dealer/Distributor 


NEW ZEALAND 

ADAMS STEELGUARD LTD 

137 Sunnybrae Rd., Glenfield, Auckland 
New Zealand 

Contact: Mr Graeme Knowles 

Tel: 649-443-2722 

Fax: 649-443-7877 

Email: graeme@steelguard.co.nz 

Website: www.steelguard.co.nz 

Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

SAINT-GOBAIN (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD 

15 Beach Road, #04-01 Beach Centre 

Singapore 1 89677 

Contact: Mr Elsen Chan 

Tel: +65 63372276 

Fax: +65 63372247 

Email: Elsen.chan@saint-gobain.com 

Website: www.saint-gobain.com 

Representative Office 

TAIWAN 

INEX BUILDING MATERIALS & 
INSTALLATION CO LTD 

4F. No. 219, Sec. 1,TunhwaS. Rd. 

Taipei, Taiwan 

Contact: Mr William Chen 

Tel: 886-2-2740 3475 

Fax: 886-2-2740 3479 

Email: inex@ms36.hinet.net 

Website: www.inex.twmail.net 

Dealer/Distributor 

WOLF SAFETY LAMP 

AUSTRALIA 

WHYTE-HALL (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTD 

Unit 2, 81-83 Station Road 
Seven Hills, NSW 2 147 
Australia 

Contact: Matthew MacRae 
Tel: +612 9838 4420 
Fax: +612 9838 4460 
Email: info@whyte-hall.com 
Website: www.whyte-hall.com 
Dealer/Distributor 

JAPAN 


PLUS ALPHA CORPORATION 

5-9-12-608 Magamoto Minami-Ku, Saitama City 

Saitama, 336-0033 Japan 

Contact: Mr R Hashimoto 

Tel: +81 48 865 7784 

Fax: +81 48 865 7784 

Email: p-alpha@nifty.com 

Dealer/Distributor 

KOREA (SOUTH) 

DAE MYUNG CORP 

368-1 Gupyeong-Dong 
Saha-Gu, Pusan, Korea 
Contact: Mr Jung Won Lee 
Tel: +82 51 261 0035 
Fax: +82 51 264 0081 
Email: daemyung@kornet.net 
Dealer/Distributor 

SINGAPORE 

WINDSOR MARINE PTE LTD 

28 Joo Koon Circle, Singapore 629057 

Contact: Mr Michael Lim 

Tel: +65 6349 1930 

Fax: +65 6778 6882 

Email: winmar01@singnet.com.sg 

Dealer/Distributor 

TAIWAN 


POLICO INTERNATIONAL CORP 

3F, No. 43 Fuguo Road (Shin-Lin) 

Taipei, Taiwan 
Contact: MrC.T. Huang 
Tel: +8862 8866 1003 
Fax: +88862 8866 5479 
Email: bbb8@ms18.hinet.net 
Dealer/Distributor 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


79 


SUBSCRIPTIONS 


FIRE MAGAZINE 

GET YOUR SUBSCRIPTION NOW!!! 



APF IS PUBLISHED 4 TIMES A YEAR 
- MARCH, JUNE, SEPTEMBER 
AND DECEMBER 


Name: 

Company/Organisation: 
Address: 


Telephone: 

Fax: 

E-mail: 

Start Subscription from Issue: 

Subscription Rates: Sterling £35.00 AUS Dollars - $100.00 
US Dollars -$70.00 

Back Issues: US $8.00 or £5.00 each inclusive of P&P 
(subject to availability) 

METHODS OF PAYMENT: 

ebsite Subscription: www.mdmpublishing.com 
Cheque - MDM Publishing Ltd. 

Visa/Mastercard No: 

Expiry Date: Security Code: 

(last three digits on reverse of card) 


If paying by credit card please fax details. DO NOT post/mail. 
Fax: +44(0) 1935 426926 


MDM Publishing Ltd . 

The Abbey Manor Business Centre , The Abbey, Preston Road, 
Yeovil, Somerset BA20 2EN, United Kingdom 


ADVERTISERS' INDEX 


Amkus Inc 49 

Ansul, Inc. OBC 

Avon Protection 39 

Bauer Compressors Asia Pte Ltd. 39 

Bio-Ex 55 

Bristol Uniforms Ltd. 57 

BW Technologies by Honeywell 43 

Chemetron Fire Systems IBC 

Dafo Fomtec 27 

Draeger Safety Asia Pte Ltd. 40 

Dr. Sthamer Hamburg 65 

Du Pont FE 04 

Du Pont Surface Protection Solutions 25 

E2V Technologies 33 

Elkhart Brass Mfg Co Inc 69 

FDIC Bahrain 17 

Fire Fighting Enterprises 55 

Fire & Rescue Asia 2007 09 

GB Solo Ltd. 28 

Helmet Integrated Systems Ltd. 27 

Holmatro Rescue Equipment 50 

Honeywell Fire Systems 64 

ISG Thermal Systems 30 

Iveco Magirus Brandschutztechnik GmbH 06 

Kidde Fire Protection 52 

Lancier Hydraulik Co. KG 48 

L&W Compressors + Systems Pte Ltd. 37 

MSA 34 

NFPA 71 

Nittan UK Ltd. 66 

PBI Performance Products 13 

Plastika Akrapovic 60 

PPS Ltd. 63 

Resqtec Zumro Asia Sdn Bhd 51 

Russwurm Ventilatoren GmbH 63 

Sage Technologies Ltd. 31 

Sicor Spa 45 

Solberg Scandinavian 27 

Task Force Tips, Inc. IFC 

Texas A & M Emergency Services Training 

Institute 56 

Tyco Safety Products - Hygood 18 

Tyco Safety Products - Skum 22 

Unifire Power Blowers 46 

Vetrotech Saint Gobain International AG 59 

Wolf Safety Lamp Company 63 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



80 







COMPUTER OPERATIONS 


TELECOMMUNICATION 


PETROCHEMICA 


PHARMACEUTICAL/ 
MEDICAL FACILITIES 


Protecting Your Valued 
Assets and the Environment. 



Chemetron Clean Agent Fire Suppression 
Systems Utilizing 3M~NOVEC" 1230 


Environmentally Frieni 

* 


Negligible Global Warming 
Potential (GWP) of Just One 


Zero Ozone Depleting 
Potential (ODP) 


e for Occupied Spaces 


The Chemetron mission is simple - when it comes 
to fire protection there can be no compromise. 


Contact us today to learn more about Chemetron system solutions! 


Our products meet NFPA and Selected Global Standards, as well as being UL Listed and FM Approved. 



For further information, please contact us: 
4801 Southwick Drive, 3rd Floor 
Matteson, IL 60443 USA 
Phone: (+1) 708.748.1303 
Fax: (+1) 708.748.2847 

Website: www.chemetron.com 
E-mail: info@chemetron.com 







OFFSHORE/MARINE 


MANUFACTURING 


:i ANSUL 


tijca 


JUST A FEW OF THE PLACES ANSUL. FOAM MAKES PERFECT SENSE. 


For that matter, advanced ANSUL Firefighting Foams protect flammable liquids wherever they are 
manufactured, stored, dispensed, processed or transported. Every ANSUL foam — AFFF, AR-AFFF, 
High- Expansion, flouroprotein and protein — is the result of extensive research, development and testing 
at the ANSUL Fire Technology Center. Our concentrates are tested to international standards and 
specifications. And ANSUL foam is delivered through a wide range of portable and fixed foam systems, 
generators, proportioning equipment and discharge devices. 


ANSUL Firefighting Foams. No matter how you spell it, it comes out P-R-O-T-E-C-T-l-O-N. 


www.ansulinfo.com/ap9 


Innovative Fire Solutions 




FUEL STORAGE/HANDLING 




An MDM PUBLICATION 
Issue 24 - December 2007 


www.mdmpublishing.com 


MAGAZINE 


ASIA PACIFIC 


REPORtlflf; TO THE ASIATACIFIC FIRE PROTECTION AND FIRE SERVICE INDUSTRY 




l/min Where You Want It! 






1 2 




K 




£M®0D (1®0DM 

Flow 4500 l/min 
with or without foam 


600 - 8000 l/min 
Fixed, Selectable or Automatic 


110 -2000 l/min 
Fixed, Selectable 
or Automatic 


2800 East Evans Avenue, Valparaiso, IN 46383-6940 USA 
International +1.219.548.4000 • www.tft.com • intsales@tft.com 



AUSTRALIA 

Gaam Emergency Products-AU 
Phone: 61394661244 
Fax : 61394664743 
iprice@tycoint.com 
www.gaam.com.au 


CHINA 

Shanghai Jin De Industry 
Phone: 862136050599 
Fax: 862136055599 
sjinde@163.com 
www.sjinde.com 


HONGKONG 

* * Rotter International Ltd. 


Phone: 85227517770 
Fax: 85227562051 
jacky@rotter.com. hk 
www.rotterbiz.com 


INDONESIA 

Pt Palmas Entraco 
Phone: 6221384 1681 
Fax: 6221380 2660 
sales@palmas.co.id 



JAPAN 

Yone Corporation 
Phone: 81758211185 
Fax: 81758012263 
t.yone@myad.jp 
www.yone-co.co.jp 


MALAYSIA 

CME Technologies SDN BHD 
Phone: 60356331188 
Fax: 60356343838 
khairi@cme.com. my 
www.cme.com.my 


NEW ZEALAND 

Tyco Safety Products 
Phone: 6445608127 
Fax: 6498270844 
tsp.sales.nz@tycoint.com 
www.tycoservices.co.nz 


PHILIPPINES 

Alliance Industrial Sales 
Phone: 6328908818 
Fax: 6328960083 
alliance8Jcy@pacific.net.ph 


* 


SINGAPORE 

S.K. Fire Pte. Ltd. 
Phone: 6568623155 
Fax : 6568620273 
houchin@skfire.com 
www.skfire.com 


For excellent quality fire fighting equipment visit www.tft.com and call your local distributor for a demonstration. 
Display equipment, literature and digital data can be obtained by contacting your trained TFT distributor. 


SOUTH KOREA 

Shilla Fire Co., Ltd. 
Phone: 820236659011 
Fax: 820236639113 
kofire77@hotmail.com 
www.firekorea.com 



TAIWAN 

Yone Corporation 
Phone: 81758211185 
Fax: 81758012263 
t.yone@myad.jp 
www.yone-co.co.jp 


THAILAND 

Anti-fire Co., Ltd. 
Phone: 66 2 259-6898 
Fax: 66 2 258-2422 
sithichai@antifire.com 
www.antifire.com 


FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT 










December 2007 
issue 24 



Front Cover Picture: New Zealand Dept 
of Conservation Fire Fighter sent to help 
with a Bush Fire in Victoria, Australia in 
late 2006. Picture courtesy of Pacific 
Helmets (NZ) Ltd. 


Publishers 

Mark Seton & David Staddon 


Editorial Contributors 

Keith Ward, Joan M Leedy, John 
Nicholson, Simon Pate, Rodd 
Carringer, Peter J Ebersold, Trista A 
Budd, Gerd Pearson, Jack Kusters, 
Marco van Wijngaarden, Alan Brinson 


APF is published quarterly by: 

MDM Publishing Ltd 
The Abbey Manor Business Centre, 
The Abbey, Preston Road, Yeovil, 
Somerset BA20 2EN, United Kingdom 
Tel: +44 (0) 1935 426 428 
Fax: +44 (0) 1935 426 926 
Email: mark.seton@apfmag.com 
Website: www.mdmpublishing.com 

©All rights reserved 


Periodical Postage paid at 
Champlain New York and 
additional offices 
POSTMASTER: Send address 
changes to IMS of New York, 

PO Box 1518 

Champlain NY 12919-1518 
USAUSPS No. (To be confirmed) 


Subscription Rates 

Sterling - £35.00 

AUS Dollars- $100.00 

US Dollars -$70.00 

(Prices include Postage and Packing) 

ISSN - 1476-1386 

DISCLAIMER: 

The views and opinions expressed in 
ASIA PACIFIC FIRE MAGAZINE are not 
necessarily those of MDM Publishing Ltd. 
The magazine and publishers are in no 
way responsible or legally liable for any 
errors or anomalies made within the 
editorial by our authors. All articles 
are protected by copyright and written 
permission must be sought from the 
publishers for reprinting or any form of 
duplication of any of the magazines 
content. Any queries should be addressed 
in writing to the publishers. 

Reprints of articles are available on request. 
Prices on application to the Publishers. 

Page design by Dorchester 
Typesetting Group Ltd 
Printed in Singapore 


Contents 



45-48 


05 NFPA Foreword 


07-13 News & 

Product Profiles 


15-19 Fire Fighting 

Helmet Standards are 
a-changing. But are 
they changing fast 
enough? 


21-28 Testing Fire 
Fighting Foam in 
Marine Applications 


31-36 Treating 

NFPA 99 


39-42 NOt All 

Hazards are the same: 
Design Considerations 
for matching Flame 
and Gas Hazards to 
Detector Technologies 


45-48 Large Fires 

Require Large water 
and Foam Flows 


50-52 Specifying 

Fire Alarm Systems 


55-57 Taking a 

Modular Approach to 
SCBA 


59-62 Heavy 

vehicle RTAs 


64-68 use of 

Simulation for ARFF 
Crash Truck Driving & 
Operations 


69-71 Sprinklers in 

warehouses 


72-79 Distributor & 

Representative Office 
Listing 


80 Advertisers' index 



69-71 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


1 






www.mdmpu 



Introducing our 

INCORPORATING 



ifpmag.com 

apfmag.com 

iffmag.com 


And much, 

THERE IS NO 


MDM Publishing Ltd, The Abbey Manor Business Centre, 

Tel: +44 (0) 1935 426 428 


www.mdmpublishing.com 


b I i s h i n g 

Hi-Tech Portal 

FEATURING 

VIRTUAL ELECTRONIC MAGAZINES 
LIVE REAL PAGE TURNING SOFTWARE 
FULL PDF FILE DOWNLOADS 
LIVE LINKS 

FULL VIRTUAL ARCHIVE OF BACK ISSUES 

much more . . . 

COMPARISON 


.com 



The Abbey, Preston Road, Yeovil, Somerset BA20 2EN, UK 
Fax: +44 (0) 1935 426 926 


www.mdmpublishing.com 



You protect your building from a number of 
threats— lawsuits, theft, system failures. 

But how do you protect it from a devastating fire? 


Commercial building fires can be devastating— and not all businesses survive 
the loss of equipment and productivity. That’s why the best building designs depend 
upon the added protection of DuPont clean agent fire extinguishants. By limiting the 
spread of fire— even before conventional sprinkler response— the complete line of 
DuPont clean agents offers the best protection and best sustainable fire suppression 
solution for people, valuable assets and the environment. 

DuPont Fire Extinguishants. The Science of Protection ". 
cleanagents.dupont.com 



The miracles of science" 


Copyright © 2007 DuPont. The DuPont Oval Logo, DuPont", The miracles of science ", The Science of Protection ", FE-25 ", FE-36", and FE-227 " 
are trademarks or registered trademarks of E.l. du Pont de Nemours and Company or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 





FOREWORD 



HI 

NFFff 

4IW-J--MJ 

By Olga Caledonia 

Executive Director 
International 
Operations, NFPA 


Foreword 

NFPA 1600 and the Role of 
Partnerships 

Recent international disasters, whether natural or manmade, have increased the 
interest in using or adopting NFPA 1600, Standard on Emergency Management 
and Business Continuity Programs. NFPA 1 600 has proven to be a widely used 
international document across regions. Today there is an international 
acknowledgment that efforts to reduce hazards and disaster risk must be 
systematically integrated into national policies and projects. These efforts must 


be supported through bilateral, regional 
partnerships. 

L ast August in Beijing NFPA participated as a 
principal member of the steering committee 
on the First China -US Conference on Disaster 
Management. The conference sponsors were the 
China Association for Disaster Prevention and 
the China International Conference Center for 
Science and Technology based in Beijing; and 
Global Interactions, Inc. from the United States. 
One of the key objectives of the conference was to 
develop partnerships between individuals, institu- 
tions, and agencies to continue the dialogue and 
exchange and to create sustainable relationships 
that will impact the field of disaster management 
worldwide. The two-day technical presentations 
ranged from earthquake research to academic 
programs to naturally fire-resistant trees used as a 
fire break. "The conference was assessed to be 
very successful and the representatives from the 
PRC have expressed an interest in a continuing 
series of conferences on disaster management" 
notes Dean R. Larson, NFPA 1600 Committee 
member and also member of the steering commit- 
tee. A few weeks before that, in late June NFPA 
held a 1600 conference workshop in Buenos Aires, 
Argentina in partnership with the local standard 
developer, IRAM. The one day conference brought 
together 1,800 industry professionals from 
Argentina and nearby countries. These are 
examples of recent NFPA activities to accelerate 
the exchange of best practices and lay emphasis 
on the importance of partnerships. 

Developed with input from such public and 
private-sector organizations as the Federal Emer- 
gency Management Agency, the National 
Emergency Management Association, and the 
International Association of Emergency Managers, 
NFPA 1600 is the only existing process-based 
national or international standard that identifies 
key functional areas and an overall strategy for 
disaster preparedness and business continuity for 
both private and public-sector organizations. It 
takes a "total program approach" to disaster and 
emergency management and business continuity 


and international cooperation, including 


by providing common elements, techniques, and 
processes that can serve as a general strategic- 
level guide in the development of an overall 
program. NFPA 1600 provides guidance that cities 
and towns can use to develop their own disaster 
programs, allowing them to coordinate and 
manage their resources when preparing for, 
responding to, and recovering from large-scale 
emergencies and disasters. Given the vast 
difference among various types of industries and 
organizations, more detailed plans and operational- 
level policies and procedures are best developed 
on a company-by-company basis. 

The standard (available for free downloading 
from NFPA's Website) is a significant global 
resource for private-sector preparedness, worthy 
of greater communication and use. It has also 
been translated into Spanish, French, Chinese, 
Japanese and Korean. 

It is time to face the fact that events like terrorist 
attacks and historic natural disasters happen. And, 
the preparation we have done to face those events 
or even the more routine events that we rely on 
our fire departments to handle, translate directly 
into lives saved. At NFPA, we will continue our 
work at the local, national and international levels 
to make sure that the needs of fire departments 
and/or emergency responders are understood by 
public officials and the public itself. Disasters often 
cause the reexamination of programs and processes 
that are intended to ensure survival. The most 
current 2007 edition of NFPA 1600 reflects a 
reexamination of disaster and emergency manage- 
ment programs and as a result, Prevention was 
"added" as a separate core element. For preven- 
tive interventions to be effective, risk assessment 
must be employed to identify those hazards which 
could and should be prevented. We invite you to 
take a look at the NFPA 1600 document 
http://www.nfpa. 0 rg/assets/files//PDF/NFPAI 6 OO.pdf 
and share with the appropriate private or public 
entities which might benefit from a document 
used and recognized worldwide. 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


5 


LIMIT 


Fire fighting helmets 
and thermal imaging 
cameras 


Weighing only 750g with the ability to adapt the 
camera to suit individual requirements, the S2 takes 
hand held and hands free technology even further. 



Our cutting-edge technology brings you the 
smallest fire fighting thermal imaging camera 

Half the size of the original 
SoloVision and the lightest 
fire fighting TIC in the world 

The SOLOvision S2 can be used as a hands-free unit or it can be hung 
over the neck like a pair of binoculars using the neck strap. It is the 
lightest and smallest thermal imaging camera in the World. It is suitable 
for use with all known breathing apparatus and gas masks. As an all 
round camera with the capability to monitor for fire / search and rescue of 
victims, there is no better camera for the job. 




Specification: 

• Direct temperature measurement 

with box indicator to show the 

measured area 

Optional upgrades available soon: 

• Graphical User Interface for 
setting up the camera 

• World’s first mission profiling 
imager 

• Scene colourisation with user 

• Frame capture and storage 

settable colour scheme 

• Video capture and storage 

• Time and date on the display 

• Digital zoom 


• Ambient temperature 

• Battery level indicator 

measurement 

• Customisable start up screen 

• Integrated Internal Battery 





Our lightest and 
smallest, long 
wavelength infrared 
camera core 




don’t go it alone 

go with solo 





Agencies worldwide. For full details or to arrange a demonstration with a GB Solo 
representative contact - GB Solo Ltd. Tel: +44 (0)1609 881855 

• Fax: +44 01609 881103 • email: sales@gbsolo.co.uk • www.gbsolo.co.uk 




NEWS 


For a better overview 


New thermal 
imaging camera 
from Drager 


The optionally integrated ThermalScan 
function provides an adjustable, 
temperature-dependent display of the 
operational area. Areas with a higher 
temperature will be displayed in yellow 
when selected by the user. 

The camera can be modularly upgraded 
with easy-to install-handles. The selection 
consists of a purely mechanical carrying 
hold, one for the wireless image transfer 
to the receiving terminal and one for the 
saving of images and movies. 

Dragerwerk AG is an international 
leader in the fields of medical and safety 
technology. Drager products protect, 
support and save human life. Founded in 
1889, in 2006 the Group achieved sales of 
€1,801 million worldwide and an EBIT of 
€148.2 million. Today, Drager employs 
around 10,000 people in more than 40 
subsidiaries worldwide and has a 
representation around 190 countries. The 
Drager Safety division offers products, 
services and system solutions for all 
encompassing Risk Management such as 
Personal- and Facility Protection. 

For more information, visit 
www.draeger.com 

For further information please contact: 
Draeger Safety Asia Pte Ltd 
Email: justin.kung@draeger.com 
Website: www.draeger.com.sg 



DRAGER presents a new generation of 
internally-developed thermal imaging 
cameras at the A+A 2007: The Drager 
UCF® 1600 and the high resolution 
Drager UCF® 3200. The Drager UCF 
1600 has a picture resolution of 160 
pixels x 120 pixels. The Drager UCF 3200 
has a high resolution of 320 pixels x 240 
pixels and simplifies documentation and 
analysis of hazardous situations. 

Applications for thermal imaging 
cameras is many-sided including use in 
firefighting, orientation in darkness or in 
smoky rooms, finding people, accidents 
with hazardous materials or for the 
searching for blind passengers in cargo 
bays. The sensor technology of a thermal 
imaging camera makes the thermal 
radiation of a person or an object visible. It 
is displayed graphically on the camera 
screen. The major advantage is the 
possibility to localize people and objects 
clearly without the hindrances from 
external influences such as thick smoke or 
darkness. Thermal imaging cameras can 
deliver clear images where normal cameras 
or night vision devices fail. 

Drager UCF 1600 and Drager UCF 3200 
use a digital 2x zoom to double size 
picture selection. Another standard feature 
is the five predefined color palettes, which 
enable the optimal viewing of the 
thermographic images. The rechargeable 
lithium ion battery ensures uninterrupted 
operation for more than four hours. An 
innovative battery management system 
displays the remaining capacity of the 
rechargeable battery linearly - similar to a 
fuel gauge. 



O 

Owdl 


AMKUS Debuts NEW 
AMK-30CRT Spreader 
at Fire-Rescue 
International in 
Atlanta 

AMKUS Rescue Systems 
(Downers Grove, IL USA) is 
proud to introduce their NEW 
AMK-30CRT Spreader based 
on their legendary field- 
proven AMK-30CX spreader. 

It incorporates the 
innovative push-button 
removable tip design that 
has made the AMK-24 
spreader one of the 
most successful 
product launches in 
AMKUS' 30+ year 
history. With the 
addition of the optional 
extended reach tips 
(part #391 000001 010) 
the AMK-30CRT creates an 
amazing 40 inches of spread. 

The AMK-30CRT is sold 
either as a completely new 
unit or as an upgrade package 
for current owners of the original 
AMK-30CX. The upgrade package includes new 
arms and tips at a specially discounted price. 
Extended reach tips are available as optional 
equipment for both the AMK-24 and the AMK- 
30CRT spreaders. 

AMKUS also manufactures a complete line of 
high performance hydraulic rescue tools and 
extrication equipment including: spreaders, 
cutters, combination tools, rams, power units 
and the innovative ARRS Rope Rescue system. 

For more information, please contact: 
AMKUS Rescue Systems 
Email: experts@amkus.com 
Website: www.amkus.com 



Haztec Launch the XSC The Ultimate 
LED Directional warning Lights ?m 

Each large XSC LED Module features a total of 
12 latest Generation 3 UHP LED's angled within 
the convex optic lens to give 1 80 Degree 
coverage producing a vivid front and side 
warning signal. Although ideal for all types of 
Emergency Vehicles XSC is particularly good for 
mounting on the front sides and rear of Fire 

Vehicles. The advanced light gathering optics produce a superior high intensity warning signal. 

The led modules are available in Blue, Red, Amber Green and White. The external polycarbonate 
lense in Clear, Blue, Red or Amber and the Cast Alloy Surface Mount 
and Bumper Housings in White or Black. 

XSC are powered by a remote mount 10-40 Volt Operation Flasher 
Control with switchable outputs. The control also has Selectable Flash 
patterns and Steady-On Cruise Light Option at 10% of light output. 



For more information, 
please contact: 

Haztec International Ltd 
Tel: +44 113 202 9115 
Email: lnfo@Haztec.biz 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


7 



NEWS 


New Cromwell Fire Helmet 
Performs Dual Role 


Operational demands on the Fire and 
Rescue Services have changed dramatically 
over the past decade, raising the need to 
provide increased levels of protection and 
comfort for personnel involved in fire and 
rescue operations. 

In the case of helmets it is generally 
accepted that less than a third of all 'call 
outs' to the Fire and Rescue Services 
require the need for a structural fire 
fighting helmet. Other incidents not 
requiring this type of helmet include road 
traffic accidents, woodland fire fighting, 
water rescue, urban search and rescue 
and industrial incidents such as confined 
space rescue operations. 

To meet these requirements, HELMET 
INTEGRATED SYSTEMS LTD (HISL) has 
developed the Cromwell dual helmet 
system featuring two helmet shells that 
can be integrated into one. 

The base helmet, the Cromwell ER1, 
is designed for emergency and rescue 
operations that do not require a 
structural fire-fighting helmet, making it 
also suitable for use by paramedic, water 


rescue and civil defence personnel. The 
helmet has an integral internal visor, and 
can be fitted with accessories such ear 
defenders and a full faceshield. In 


Fire Product Search 
proves to be a big hit! 


FIRE PRODUCT SEARCH, the next “■ 
generation of product guide, has 
proved a huge success since 
launching earlier this year. Based on 
actual fire products, the Fire Product * 
Search website allows users to make ; 
the right choice when specifying fire 
equipment by providing up to date 
detailed information. 

Fire Product Search features 
hundreds of the world's leading fire 
equipment manufacturers giving 
users a huge choice when searching 
for fire products. Updated 
constantly it provides reliable 
information at the click of a button. 

Fire Product Search goes one step 
further! Rather than list fire product 
categories Fire Products Search features 
detailed product descriptions, pictures and 
technical specifications plus full 
information on manufacturers and their 
distributor networks. 

Still flicking through bulky buyers 
guides? Fire Product Search has been 
specially designed to make searching for 
products a quick and enjoyable 
experience. Visitors can browse through 



categories, search using keywords or by 
company with ease. A FREE monthly 
e-newsletter, information on the latest 
global fire conferences and exhibitions plus 
industry news can also be found at 
www.fireproductsearch.com 
Join over 1 5,000 visitors at 
www.fireproductsearch.com, we look 
forward to seeing you. 

Companies can register with Fire Product 
Search for FREE, for more information visit 
www.fireproductsearch.com 


The Cromwell FR2 Structural Fire 
Fighting Fie I met 

addition, the helmet can be configured for 
specialised applications such as heli-deck, 
coastguard, air sea rescue and public 
security operations 

The Cromwell FR2 with an integral full 
face shield, has an internal clip 
arrangement enabling it to be fitted to the 
ER1 base helmet in seconds, providing 
additional heat, flame and impact 
protection to the wearer when 
undertaking structural fire fighting 
operations. The FR2 can also be fitted with 
integral communications, neck capes and 
SCABA facemask fixing points. 

The Cromwell helmet is manufactured 
using the latest moulding techniques and 
materials, and was designed with 
reference to international 
anthropometrical data relating to male 
and female emergency personnel across 
arrange of ethnic groups, establishing 
that the helmet is suitable for 
international use 

HISL, the Hertfordshire UK based, ISO 
9001 approved manufacturer of the new 
Cromwell helmet, supplies many of the UK 
Fire Services with its Cromwell F500 and 
F600 fire helmets and is the leading 
international supplier of aircrew helmets 
for military and commercial aircraft. 

HISL is able to offer sample helmets for 
evaluation and trial to interested fire and 
emergency service users. 

For more information, please contact: 
Helmet Integrated Systems Ltd. 

Tel: +44 (0) 1462 478014 
Email: bgaskell@helmets.co.uk 



8 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



PRODUCT PROFILE 


Chubb PEPS Fire 
Protection System 

The first to be compliant with new standards 

The new Australian Standard, AS 5062 "Fire protection for mobile and transportable 
equipment" has raised the bar for fire protection systems used on heavy machinery. The 
result of four years of development originating from the needs of the mining industry, 
AS 5062 provides a nationally consistent and sound approach to the design, installation 
and operation of fire protection systems used on mobile equipment in Australia. 


For more information , please 
contact: 

Chubb Fire Safety 

A UTC Fire & Security 
Company 

120 Silverwater Road 
Silverwater NSW 2128 
Tel: +61 (2) 8748 7637 
Fax: +61 (2) 8748 7450 
Website: www.chubb.com.au 


C hubb Fire Safety is committed to meeting the 
highest industry standards and is proud to be 
the first manufacturer to have its PEFS (Pre- 
Engineered Foam Spray) fire suppression system 
independently assessed for compliance to the 
requirements of AS 5062. Chubb's PEFS system has 
been assessed by CSIRO and is the first AS 5062 
compliant fire protection system listed on CSIRO's 
ActivFire Register of Fire Protection Equipment. 

Whilst developed specifically with the mining 
industry in mind, AS 5062 is also applicable to 
mobile plant and vehicles used in a wide range of 
industries. This could include the forestry, construc- 
tion, rail and agricultural industries where equip- 
ment typically operates in harsh environments and 
maybe subject to severe shock and vibration. AS 
5062 incorporates rigorous component testing crite- 
ria to ensure fire systems are "fit for purpose" for 
use in the harsh environments in which they are 
required to operate. 

In addition, as fires on large mining vehicles can 
spread rapidly, potentially endangering life, resulting 
in loss of high value capital equipment and causing 
severe business interruption, fire systems must not 
only be "fit for purpose" in terms of component 
durability but also in terms of suppressing the 
extremely challenging fires which are typically 
encountered. As a result, challenging fire testing 
protocols are included in AS 5062 to prove fire 
system performance 

Chubb's PEFS system achieves impressive fire sup- 
pression capabilities through the combination of 
foam discharged in the form of a finely atomized 
spray. Strategically positioned nozzles direct the 
high velocity foam spray and provide "three dimen- 
sional" fire fighting properties, allowing the system 
to suppress pressure fires that may occur as a result 
of a ruptured fuel or hydraulic line. The fine droplets 
of foam are extremely efficient at absorbing large 
amounts of heat before turning to steam, which 
further enhances the three dimensional fire fighting 
properties of the system. Once discharged, the 
foam is effective in suppressing spill or pool fires 
which may result from the collection or leakage of 
fuel. The resulting foam blanket provides post fire 
securement. 

A number of significant product improvements 
have been incorporated in Chubb's PEFS system to 
comply with the requirements of AS 5062, including 
the VS Control System. The VS Control System is an 
electronic detection and control system which inter- 
faces with the fire suppression system and the 
machine being protected. The VS control system 
provides system status and fault monitoring and can 
be configured to control suppression system activa- 
tion, provide auxiliary alarm outputs and equipment 
shutdown functions. The VS control system incorpo- 
rates battery back-up in case of loss of primary 



power and all detection and actuation circuitry is 
monitored for faults. 

PEFS systems can be configured for manual and 
automatic actuation, and supports multiple detec- 
tion options to suite specific applications. Detection 
options include Loss of Pressure (LOP) or Rise of 
Pressure (ROP) pneumatic detection and or Linear 
Heat Detection (LHD) cable. 

In addition to proving fire systems are fit for 
purpose, another prime objective of AS 5062 is to 
formalise good practice and provide a consistent 
approach to the fire risk reduction techniques used 
to safeguard life, property and the environment 
from fire on mobile equipment. AS 5062 includes 
requirements covering the design, installation, com- 
missioning, and maintenance of fire protection 
systems by competent personnel. 

Chubb's system technicians are trained to a 
nationally endorsed competency specifically cover- 
ing installation, inspection, testing and maintenance 
of pre-engineered fire systems for transportable 
equipment. This competency forms part of the 
nationally recognised qualification - Certificate III in 
Asset Maintenance. 

Chubb has been supplying and installing PEFS 
systems for over 20 years and has fostered close 
relationships with original equipment manufacturers 
with a view to continuously improve its PEFS prod- 
uct and service offering. This commitment to con- 
tinuous improvement is evident in the AS 5062 
compliant PEFS system. 

Chubb Australasia became part of UTC Fire & 
Security, a United Technologies Corp. (NYSE:UTX) 
business unit, in July 2003. UTC Fire & Security 
employs more than 43,000 people in 25 countries 
and owns the Chubb and Kidde brands. 

UTC Fire & Security leads the world in special- 
hazard fire and explosion suppression systems for 
land-based, vehicle and marine applications. It has 
extensive research and development facilities in the 
UK and United States, and its state-of-the-art deliv- 
ery systems utilise a broad array of extinguis hing 
agents. EQl 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


9 



NEWS 


Holmatro® Duo Pump DPU 31 PC: light 


AND quiet 

The DPU 31 PC Duo Pump - 
Personal Power® has been 
developed to meet the 
demand for a light and 
silent duo pump for the 
simultaneous operation of 
two rescue tools. 

With a weight of only 25 kg and an 
excellent centre of gravity the DPU 31 PC 
Duo Pump can easily be carried by one 
person only. Most countries' occupational 
health and safety regulations state that 
one person is not allowed to carry objects 
heavier than 25 kg. 

Another important feature is the low 
noise level of 68 dB at 1 m distance. This is 
more comfortable for the victim. It also 
provides a better workplace for the rescuer 
because it is easier to communicate at the 
rescue scene. The pump has an eco mode 
switch: when connected tools are not 
used, the engine automatically switches to 
eco mode for a very low noise level and 
fuel consumption. 

The DPU 31 PC Duo Pump has LED 



lighting above the valve block which allows 
for easy identification of the pump location 
in the dark. Furthermore, it facilitates 
coupling and uncoupling of the hoses. 

The pump is also equipped with gauges 
at the front for easy checking of oil and 
petrol levels. 

The hydraulic oil contents of 2490cc is 
sufficient to operate two rescue tools at 
the same time. 

What makes the DPU 31 PC Duo Pump 
really unique is that it is the first Holmatro® 
duo pump that is standard equipped with 
Holmatro's revolutionary CORE™ 


Technology. This technology is a turning 
point in speed ' ease and safety of operating 
hydraulic rescue tools. For the DPU 31 PC 
Duo Pump and other duo pumps equipped 
with CORE™ Technology this means that 
you only need two hoses instead of four to 
connect two tools to the pump. Every 
connection of a hose to a pump and tool 
means 2 times coupling instead of 4, and 2 
times clicking dust caps together instead of 
4. With a duo pump this means a saving of 
8 times 'coupling and clicking'! 

A traditional rescue system requires the 
rescuer to switch the pump (valve) to 
neutral before changing (disconnecting 
and connecting) the rescue tool is possible. 
A CORE™ system allows the rescuer to 
change the tool while the hose is 'under 
flow'; the pump is running and the valve is 
always selected. It is no longer necessary 
to change the tool at the pump. On the 
contrary, the rescuer can change his tool 
any time, whenever the circumstances 
require and without delay, even without 
releasing pressure at the pump. Working 
with CORE™ increases the rescuer's 
flexibility, saves time and is much easier to 
handle. 

For more information, please contact: 
Holmatro Rescue Equipment 
Tel: +32 (0)162 - 58 92 00 
Email: info@holmatro.com 


First UL Certification for 
Motorised Beam Detector 



Underwriters Laboratories Inc. has 
evaluated and listed their first motorised 
beam detector as compliant with the 
American National Standards for safety. 
The Fireray 5000 from FIRE FIGHTING 
ENTERPRISES now boasts certification from 
UL in addition to LPCB, CPD & EN54:12, 


breaking new ground in the development 
of this smoke detection technology. 

The F5000 incorporates several 
technological advancements that set it 
apart from previous detectors. A newly- 
developed motorised beam head works in 
conjunction with the sensor to 
automatically optimise the signal strength 
throughout the life of the unit. This works 
to keep the beam aligned with the 
reflective prism even in the event of gradual 
building shift, and can also factor in 
environmental factors such as dust buildup. 
These features strengthen false alarm 
immunity over time, and help to reduce the 
need for maintenance operations. 

These new additions for the F5000 
improve its functionality, whilst it retains 
the benefits intrinsic to the tried, tested 
and trusted beam technology that has 
preceded it: large area coverage per unit 
(-19800 sq ft as opposed to -900 sq ft for 
a point type detector), reduced cabling 
and installation costs, and minimal 


aesthetic intrusion. 

The Fireray's low-level system controller 
is connected to the detector head by a 
two-wire cable, and can be used to fully 
control and adjust the beam - making 
installation significantly easier. The 
detector head houses both the transmitter 
and receiver, with the beam being 
bounced off a prismatic reflector on the 
opposite wall. Beam-type detectors are 
particularly suited to protecting wide 
indoor spaces such as warehouses, open- 
plan offices, corridors and meeting-halls. 

By covering large areas with few units, 
costs and disruptions caused by installation 
and maintenance can be greatly reduced, 
and the fire security system can be much 
less obtrusive - which can be of particular 
benefit in historic or stylish settings. 

For more information, please contact: 

Fire Fighting Enterprises 
Email: sales@ffeuk.com 
Website: www.ffeuk.com 


10 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



PRODUCT PROFILE 


Optimized wear 
comfort coupled 
with maximum 
protection 

The new DS 6200 integral firefighter's helmet launched by Drager conforms to the 
new standard prEN 443:2007 and is the lightest helmet currently on the market 
which is approved to this standard. The helmet was developed in collaboration with 
customers, as an improved version of the already proven HPS 6100 firefighter's 
helmet. Special manufacturing and paint coating techniques ensure that the 
high-temperature-resistant duroplastic helmet shell is capable of withstanding 
even the most intense heat, while offering maximum protection against penetration 
and impact, not to mention robustness and paint adhesion, even under the 
influence of extreme levels of heat. 


For more information , please 
contact: 

Draeger Safety Asia Pte 
Ltd 

67 Ayer Rajah Crescent 
#06-03 

Singapore 139950 
Tel: +65 6872 9281 
Fax: +65 6773 2033 
Email: 

justin.kung@draeger.com 
Website: www.draeger.com 


integrated face protection 

The new visor, which has been extended down to 
the chin area (approved in accordance with EN 
14458 and classified as face protection), is made 
of especially robust polysulfone material, amber 
tinted (allowing wearers to maintain visual contact 
even with their visors pulled down) and provided 
with an anti-scratch coating on both sides. Tabs 
simplify opening and closing of the visor, even 
when wearing thick firefighting gloves. 

A new integrated flame and heat barrier creates 
a better climate inside the helmet. Modified pro- 
tective padding in the ear area achieves improved 
wear comfort and greater acoustic sensitivity. 

Connection systems allow the HPS 6200 to be 
used in combination with the newly developed FPS 
7000 full face mask or the Panorama Nova-S or 
F2-S respirator masks. 

New helmet standards 

At the present time, European Committee for 
Standardization working group 3 for firefighters 
helmets (CEN/TC1 58A/VG3) is working flat out to 
draw up the new helmet standard EN 443. Drager is 
providing its support to this project: among other 
things, the most recent meeting of the working 
group took place in Lubeck at the invitation of 
Drager Safety. The goal is to submit the current 




draft standard for a formal European vote in the 
summer of 2007 and for the standard to enter 
into force towards the end of 2007. In contrast to 
the currently valid version of the standard, which is 
EN 443 from 1997, the new standard distinguishes 
between two types of helmet - half-shell and 
integral helmets. The requirements and testing 
procedures have been significantly extended, partly 
to reflect the latest knowledge about material 
properties and production technologies, and partly 
with the aim of re-evaluating the risk analysis and 
taking the practical experience of fire brigades 
into account. For one thing, this will lead to har- 
monization with respect to the protection afforded 
by the other personal protective equipment used 
by firefighters (such as compressed air breathing 
apparatus and fire protective clothing). On the 
other hand, it reflects the significantly incre ased 
potential risk faced by firefighters. EQ3 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


11 



NEWS 


ETC Awarded 
Contract to 
Deliver Disaster 
Management 
Simulator to Hong 
Kong Fire Service 

ADMS-COMMAND at Second Major 
Asian Fire Services Institution 

ENVIRONMENTAL TECTONICS CORPORATION'S 
Simulation Division today announced the signing 
of a contract with the Hong Kong Fire Services 
Department (HKFSD) to deliver a multi-station 
ADMS-COMMAND, the next-generation 
Advanced Disaster Management Simulator 
training system. The contract includes three 
open-ended, dynamic scenarios within a 
regionalized virtual environment. The scenarios 
include a multi-vehicle highway traffic accident, a 
B-747 crash-landed in a residential area and a 
high-rise apartment building fire. The scenarios 
can be changed to fit various training objectives. 
The system will also include regionalized 
response vehicles. The HKFSD employs a force of 
over 9,000 firefighters who serve one of the most 
densely populated urban areas in the world. To 
be delivered by the end of the year, HKFSD's 
ADMS system will allow responders to train 
safely and realistically. ADMS President, Marco 
van Wijngaarden commented, "We are proud to 
be working with the Hong Kong Fire Services 
Department. This order marks the second ADMS 
system to be purchased by a world-class Asian 
fire services institution, following the delivery of 
a large ADMS-COMMAND system to the South 
Korean National Fire Service Academy last year. 
ETC looks forward to working with HKFSD for 
years to come." 

About ADMS, the Advanced Disaster 
Management Simulator 

ADMS is a high fidelity interactive team training 
simulation platform that offers a proven 
methodology to provide cost-effective synthetic 
incident and disaster management experience. 
Since 1995, ADMS has been used to train 
emergency responders around the world to 
better prepare to respond to and mitigate 
incidents. By presenting engaging, real-world 
environments and stressful scenarios, ADMS 
enables response and rescue personnel to 
perform and enhance team and individual skill 
sets at all levels of response. It is also used to 
test and validate emergency response and 
management plans. ADMS bridges the gap 
between tabletop exercises and real world 
experience, and rapidly advances the effective 
coordinated response of multi-agency and 
multi-jurisdictional emergency responders 
during any type of disaster. Training with ADMS 
helps save lives and mitigate disaster's impact. 

For more information, please contact: 

ETC 

Tel: +1 407 282 3378 
Website: www.ADMSTraining.com 


Solberg Expands to Serve 
Asia Pacific Region 



SOLBERG SCANDINAVIAN 
A/S, one of the largest 
independent foam 
manufacturers in Europe, 
has announced further 
growth through its 
expansion into the Asia 
Pacific Region. This follows 
the announcement of the 
purchase of the 3M 
patents associated with the 
RF foams and the 3M Fire- 
Brake BFFF Class A foam 
product (USFS listed). 

Solberg Asia Pacific Pty 
Ltd will supply and support a complete 
range of Class B AFFF and AFFF/AR 
products based on telomer 
fluorochemistry. These products show high 
levels of fire performance against 
specifications like EN 1568, ICAO (Level B), 
LASTFIRE, and the UK MOD 42-40. These 
foam concentrates are known as the 
Solberg Arctic Foam™ products. 

In addition to the AFFF product line, 
Solberg will promote the fluorosurfactant 
free RF technology products to customers 
who are concerned about future 
restrictions of use of the current AFFF 
technology. These fire fighting foams are 
branded as the Solberg Re-Healing 
Foam™ products, so named for their fluid 
flow characteristics, and are available as 
RF3 (3%), RF6 (6%), and RF 3x6 ATC™ 
(3%/6%) alcohol resistant foam 
concentrate. The RF foam technology has 
been manufactured in Europe by Solberg 
Scandinavian AS, under license from 3M, 
over the past five years, and now their 
continued supply is guaranteed with the 
purchase of the 3M intellectual property 
and patents. These products have been 
tested to the same specifications used to 
rate AFFF products such as EN 1 568, ICAO 


(Level B) and LASTFIRE showing strong 
performance as levels that matched the 
fire performance of fluorochemically based 
products. 

Solberg Re-Healing Foam™ is emerging 
as a leading edge technology that is being 
evaluated and accepted as the foam of the 
future for environmentally aware 
organizations in both hemispheres. It is 
being viewed as the preferred practice to 
deal with the growing concerns over the 
organohalide issue. 

The origin of RF foam technology came 
from the 3M Australia product 
development laboratories, and lead to two 
global patents. The purchase of the 3M 
technology has presented an additional 
opportunity for Solberg Scandinavian AS 
(Norway), in the form of the product 3M 
Fire-Brake BFFF™ (FC-3150) Class A foam 
concentrate. Wildfire has now become a 
significant focus for Solberg Asia Pacific. 
This product has now been re-released as 
Solberg Fire-Brake™ 31 50A Class A foam. 

For more information please contact: 
Solberg Asia Pacific Pty Ltd 
Tel: +61 2 9673 5300 
Website: www.solbergfoams.com 


Take Control 

Controls are at the heart of every industrial remote con 
system we build, when a customer has a need, we cust 
all aspects of our manufacturing process to fill that nee 
our new options, you can also add functionality while 
reducing installation time and costs. 

Like all components of the ELKHART BRASS industrk 
systems, these new options are based on a scalable, 
modular approach that promotes high availability, 
reliability and simple future expansion. 

Elkhart Brass offers a broad range of components to 
meet your industrial control system needs. 

For more information please contact: 

Elkhart Brass 

Tel: 1-574-295-8330 

Website: www.elkhartbrass.com 



12 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



For further information on 
this, the first truly effective 
fire-ground video 
transmission system, please 
contact James Moloney at: 
Domo Asia/Pacific 
Bangkok 

on +66-2-2318055/ 
+66-818555296 
or by email at 

jamesmoloney@domo.co.uk 


PRODUCT PROFILE 


Fire-ground video 
transmission: 

finally a system that works 

Thermal imaging camera (TIC) manufacturers have for about 5 years now been 
offering video transmission of images from camera to command vehicle. Today 
nearly every public procurement tender for TICs will include video transmission in 
the technical specification - but is it just a "box to tick" on the tender submission or 
does the end-user actually expect it to work? 



M ost manufacturers 
fit transmitters in- 
side the camera to 
try to transmit video to a 
receiver mounted either in 
a command vehicle or to a 
briefcase receiver. Typically 
they can perform this 
function as long as the 
transmitter and receiver 
antennae have direct line- 
of-sight between them 
and are within about 
200m range. But this does 
not provide much opera- 
tional advantage to the 
Incident Commander - he wants to see live images 
from a thermal camera being operated inside the 
hazard zone, and this usually means inside a build- 
ing or tunnel, and possibly below ground in the 
most dangerous of operations. 

So, if a video transmission system is to be accept- 
able, what should the performance criteria be? 

Singapore SCDF, long considered an early 
adopter of new technology in the region, has 
always maintained that their criteria for an accept- 
able video transmission system is to be able to 
receive clear, stable video from a body-worn trans- 
mitter three floors below ground to a command 
location within about 200m of the incident. 

Domo Ltd., a UK manufacturer of digital COFDM 
video and telemetry systems for law enforcement 
and military users, has now released a Fire Service 
version of their hugely successful S0L04 range of 
transmission systems, capable of meeting this 
requirement. 

For years now Domo has been supplying this 
technology to law enforcement agencies who 
require high quality, completely mobile video and 
audio over long ranges - from 100m up to 10km 
using a body-worn system - and all of this is 
achieved in a non-line-of-sight environment i.e. the 
transmitter cannot "see" the receiver. 

This is the toughest environment for any video 
transmission system but Domo's implementation of 
the COFDM standard is highly resistant to inter- 
ference and reflections, all of which destroy the 
analogue signal. The SOL04 system uses a very 
narrow bandwidth (1 ,25MHz) to transmit the 
images. The narrower the bandwidth the greater is 
the transmission range and, significantly for the Fire 
Services, the better the penetration ability i.e. the 
ability to reach a receiver on the surface from a 
location underground. 

Most of the other transmission systems will use a 
bandwidth of 25MHz, or at best 8MHz, both of 
which are too wide for effective transmission of 
signals from below ground to the surface. 


Domo has successfully trialled this system in the 
Shenzhen MRT system in China, receiving high quality 
video from the platform levels below the surface - a 
transmission distance of >80m below the ground. 

Avon Fire & Rescue in the UK have implemented 
a fire-ground perimeter wireless video system, using 
rapid deployment PTZ wireless cameras with Domo 
video transmitters to transmit images to the Incident 
Control vehicle from the four corners of the 
fire-ground. The four images are displayed simulta- 
neously on a quad-split screen in the command 
vehicle and recorded on to a hard disk digital video 
recorder for investigation and analysis. The system 
can be deployed in minutes and provides a com- 
plete video record of the entire fire-ground incident. 

Recently Avon Fire & Rescue decided to test the 
system in the Severn Tunnel, the UK's longest 
underground rail tunnel at 7km length under the 
river Severn, connecting Wales with England. 

The Domo SOL04FIRE system successfully 
transmitted video from outside the tunnel entrance 
in Wales to a receiver located outside the 
entrance on the England side - a distance of 7km, 
non-line-of-sight, and through a tunnel with many 
curves and differences in elevation. In a typical Fire 
Service operation, the video transmitter will be 
located somewhere within the tunnel length, at the 
incident, and will be transmitting to a command 
vehicle located outside the tunnel. A copy of these 
trial results is available from Domo. 

Each SOL04FIRE transmitter transmits one video 
channel, two audio channels and one data channel. 

There is no limit to the number of transmitters 
and receivers that can be deployed at an incident, 
allowing for perimeter fire-ground video coverage 
to run alongside thermal camera transmissions, all 
to the same bank of displays/recorders in the 
command vehicle. 

The Bangkok Metropolitan Authority and the 
Thailand Civil Defence Force are the first services in 
Asia to deploy the latest SOL04 transmi ssion 
technology. EEQ 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


13 


Pacific Helmets offer a unique range of Fire 
Fighting, Paramedic, USAR and Water Rescue 
Safety Helmets for Emergency Services. 



In addition to base designs there are numerous options to customise helmets to 

individual brigade requirements. 


We can offer brigade specific decals and add accessories such as helmet 
mounted torches, radio headsets, ear defenders, cutting-tool or chainsaw face 

protection. 


Models certified to European Standards EN443, EN14458, EN 397, EN166, 
EN12492, NZ/AS 4067 & 1801 and NFPA 1971, 1951, 1955 Standards. 


With Distributors in more than 90 countries worldwide, from our base in New 
Zealand Pacific Helmets can meet your safety helmet needs. Our focus is on the 
highest quality helmets designed to meet customer specific requirements. 


Contact us today for your nearest Distributor. 




Pacific Helmets Australia Pty Ltd 

Ph(Aust) 61 7 3441 7100 
Fax (Aust) 61 7 3441 7177 
sales@pacifichelmetsaust.com 
www.pacifichelmetsaust.com 


International Enquiries 

Ph (NZ) 64 6 344 5019 
Fax (NZ) 64 6 344 5376 
sales@pacifichelmets .com 
www.pacifichelmets.com 


MM 







HELMETS 


By Keith Ward 

Pacific Helmets 
(Australia) Pty Ltd. 



Fire Fighting 
Helmet Standards 
are a-changing: 

But are they changing fast enough? 

2007 has seen significant changes to the various international Standards for 
structural fire helmets, and more are underway. 


T he latest 5-year update to NFPA 1971 was 
released earlier this year, and the result of the 
vote on the final revision of EN 443 is due 
before year-end. While the extent of changes 
to the NFPA Standard (as far as helmets is 
concerned) were minimal, the update to EN 443 is 
very significant and is complicated by virtue of 
the serious mismatch of EN 14458:2004 with the 
EN443 document. 

The update of the Asian-Pacific region Standard 
AS/NZS4067 (Structural helmets only) is progress- 
ing thanks to the work of the SF.49 committee. 
While it is early days, the committee is clearly 
aware of the changes to other international 
Standards and will be looking to incorporate those 
that are appropriate for fire fighters in the region. 

Despite this progress to update to the various 
Standards, some helmet manufacturers are already 
offering new designs that stretch the basic 


concepts of new Standards. These commercial 
realities are likely to continue. Innovative manu- 
facturers are well aware that for almost 90% of the 
time a helmet is worn, many front-line fire crews 
are wearing products that are too heavy, perhaps 
over-protective, impractical or inappropriate to the 
job at hand. 

By far the majority of tasks facing structural fire 
fighters have little to do with structural building 
fires, yet the helmet they wear is designed assum- 
ing maximum risk and therefore has maximum 
weight and size. In the past this over-protection 
has been necessary because Fire Brigades have had 
to protect their crews and it has not been possible 
to separate various risk factors and wear helmets 
appropriate to the task. 

This may be fine in the US market where bigger 
and heavier always seems to be better, but over 
weight and excessive size is an issue for Asia-Pacific 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


15 



HELMETS 


FIRE FIGHTING HELMET STANDARDS ARE A-CHANGING 



area fire fighters just as it is in Europe. 

In trying to overcome the excesses of past 
helmet designs, one real challenge for helmet 
manufacturers is the fact that design restrictions 
written into helmet Standards can prevent radical 
new concepts reaching the heads of fire fighters. 
For instance, the NFPA 1971 document writers 
appear to get themselves in a knot about the 
'jet-style' helmet shapes appearing in their market. 
Currently (though some manufacturers have tried), 
almost no jet-style structural helmets can be fully 
certified to this standard. 

Similar problems affect helmet manufacturers 
attempting to update designs of helmets for 
Asia-Pacific region fire brigades. The current 
Standard sets lateral vision and other design 
restrictions that are not easily avoided by modern 
helmets with internally rotating face shields. 

On the other hand, the new edition of EN 443 
establishes two types on helmets (A & B) and 
these allow traditional style Type A helmets to 
cover less of the head than Type B helmets which 
must come down further around the head and 
provide much greater shell cover. These designs 
should mean much improved thermal and impact 
protection for fire fighters. 

But the other huge change to EN 443:2007 is 
the addition of a flame engulfment test similar to 
test that can be applied under Annex E of EN 
469:2005 to clothing certified to that standard. 
This is a major change that could well see a signifi- 
cant number of existing helmets off the market, 
or certainly requiring major sub-components 
upgrades. The test involves kitting a torso in full 
EN 469 jacket, SCBA mask, hood, and helmet 
complete with face shield, neck protector and 
Nomex chin strap. Because the flame and heat is 
directed both at the jacket as well as directly at the 
lower edges of the helmet for 10 seconds, the 
flame and heat rises from under, around and 
potentially inside the helmet. The Standard 
requires the temperature at the tip of the burners 
to be 950 ±50°C. 

This is a very serious test. Without major 
changes, many existing EN 443 helmets will simply 
not pass this test, and it would be interesting 
if some impact tests or flame tests were sub- 
sequently conducted on these helmets. For those 
with polystyrene impact liners, injected plastic 


shells or combustible internal materials will almost 
certainly fail. 

An actual video of this test can be viewed on 
www.pacifichelmets.com/flameengulfment/ 
Most front-line fire crews will be grateful for the 
addition of this test to the Standard, as flashovers 
are comparatively common and pose a real threat 
to rescuers in many structural fire situations. 

The other major complication for manufacturers 
has been the introduction of EN 14458:2004. This 
Standard established new tests for face shields and 
eye protectors on fire helmets, but appears to 
have had what can best be described as a very 
poor consultation process. While this document 
sets out to test face shields on fire helmets, it gets 
further into deep water by bringing in tests of a 
much wider range of design aspects of the helmet 
including ergonomics. These tests have little to do 
with face shields and in the view of the CEO of 
Pacific Helmets New Zealand David Bennett, the 
requirements of this document should have been 
considered for inclusion in the rewrite of EN 443. 

Among a significant number of drafting errors, 
the writers of this Standard overlooked or forgot 
about the practical size and dimensions of face 
shields for real fire helmets. The result has been a 
requirement for face shields that are so large they 
virtually extend down to cover the wearers navel! 
This and other aspects of the document are 
currently under review by the CEN committee and 
will hopefully be resolved quickly. 

The other major concern for Asian-Pacific fire 
fighters is the fact that the vast majority of tasks 
they face are nothing to do with structural fires 
but much more to do with RTA's, rural fire fighting, 
line or water rescues, paramedic operations and 
even rescuing cats out of trees. Heavy, bulky, 
inconvenient helmets simply get removed when 
conducting many of these tasks and fire crews are 
looking for vastly better designs. 

Pacific Helmets New Zealand recently intro- 
duced a number of extremely innovative helmet 
designs and many of these are already certified to 
AS/NZS4067. For instance the F9 model is a 
traditional shape 3-layer helmet that begins with a 
simple and compact Level 1 helmet suitable for 
RTA/USAR operations, as well as rural fire fighting. 



16 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 





The VFR2000, certificated according 
to the EN 443 norms, conforms 
to safety requirements greater 
than those required by low. 

The protection is assured 
thanks to the materials 
employed of high quality (Kevlar 
for the outer shell, EPS for the internal shell, ABS 
for half-shell) and by constructive solutions which 
represent a very technology evolution. 

The comfort is made of “Coolmax Dupont®” fabric 
and the internal stuffing guarantees a perfect fit of the 
helmet ensuring greater aeration and the absorption of 
blows. 

The transparent visor is certificated according to the 
EN 166 norms. 

The reflecting screen guarantees the protection of the 
user’s eyes and face from radiant heat. 


SICOR SpA 
20016 Pero Ml - Italy 
Via Pisacane, 23/A 
Tel. +39 02 3539041 
Fax +39 02 3539060 

E-Mail info@sicor-sureco.it 
www.sicor-sureco.it 



Mean features: 

• Outer shell made in composite materials/Kevlar 

• Internal shell consist in two pieces, made in EPS 

• Rapid size adjustment system from 52 to 64 

• Rapid hooking-unhooking system and swift adjustment 

• Transparent visor with reflecting screen made of fireproof 
polycarbonate 

• Extractable chin-strap 


HELMETS 


FIRE FIGHTING HELMET STANDARDS ARE A-CHANGING 



This helmet is personal issue since every fire fighter 
must wear one, but the second layer over-shell 
(L2) is only truck issue and can be shared between 
shifts. 

Reducing the number of structural helmet com- 
ponents significantly reduces the cost of the total 
helmet costs for fire brigades, but the concept 
needs to be understood by both brigades and 
unions to obtain acceptance. Once everyone 


understands the significance of wearing a light 
800gms convenient helmet for 90% of the time, 
the concept catches on. 

The LI helmet is also designed to be worn 
inside fire appliances while travelling at speed to 
call-outs and to provide full head protection in the 
event of an accident. Road accidents are actually 
the most common cause of death and injury to fire 
crews in Australia and New Zealand. 

A third level of Kevlar reinforced over-shell is 
available for use in hot fire training schools and 
this protects the LI and L2 helmet from smoke 
and unnecessary damage. Again, this third shell 
is shared between trainees at fire schools, is 
sacrificial but is designed to prevent unnecessary 
damage to operational helmets. 

A similar model in a semi-jet style helmet is also 
available in the F10AS helmet. This stylish helmet 
can have an internal eye protector and an external 
face shield. It is actually a variation of a multi-level 
jet-style helmet and is already both AS/NZS4067 
and EN 443 certified. Of greatest interest to 
individual users is the fact that this helmet can 
weigh as little as 1150gms including face shield 
and neck protector. 

Pacific Helmets plan to announce a 2/3-level 
variation of the F10 jet-style helmet early in 2008 
that not only has a Kevlar reinforced shell and full 
cranial impact liner, but with combined LI & L2 
weight as low as 1350gms. Again, the base LI 
helmet weighing 800gms is designed for non- 
structural fire operations but with the addition of 
a strong outer Kevlar shell is still useable as a 


cnoMwe 

AOARTABUi 


DUAL- He I- Me 1 

PROTECTION f=OR EVERY 


■Ml 


Ye 

=RGl 


TeM 

:NOY 


Dual helmet system complies with International 
Standards - ER1 Emergency and Rescue and 
FR2 Structural Fire Fighting 

ER1 Emergency and Rescue helmet with 
adjustable headband and retractable 
goggle, suitable for paramedics, 
civil defence, RTA, police and 
rescue personnel 








HELMET 

INTEG RATED SYS TEMS^ 

www.helmets.co.uk 


CHOMWeUU 

IM[311=IH3E! 

ADVANCED DUAL HELMET TECHNOLOGY 


Outer FR2 helmet shell and retractable 
face shield fits easily over ER1 helmet 
in seconds 

FR2 fire fighters helmet can be 
fitted with neck cape, integral 
communications and SCABA 
mask fixing points 



I 


< <»'« e 


M 


Helmet Integrated Systems Ltd. 
Commerce Road, Stranraer, 
DG9 7DX, Scotland, UK 
Tel: +44 (0) 1776 704421 
Fax: +44 (0) 1776 706342 
E-mail: sales@helmets.co.uk 


18 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 





structural fire helmet. By simply dropping on a 
the second shell (which is accomplished without 
even removing the LI helmet from the head), the 
combination complies with AS/NZS4067, EN 
443:2007 and EN 14458:2004. assuming face 
shield design issues are resolved in the latter 
document. 

The very interesting technical aspect of 
multi-layer helmet designs is the fact that they 
provide superb impact and thermal protection. Top 
impact protection calculations show that multi- 
layer Kevlar shell helmets have 40% lower impact 
readings compared to single shell helmets. 

Furthermore, while Kevlar shell/full impact liner 
helmets have virtually only 1.5-3°C temperature 
rises in EN 443 tests, the multi-layer helmets have 
zero temperature rises compared to the 25° 
increases permitted. But who wants to have a 
25° temperature rise in their helmet anyway? 
With these sorts of test results the test is already 
irrelevant for high quality helmets. 

These developments typify the difficulties facing 
Standards committees. Safety helmet development 
is proceeding so quickly that it is almost impossible 
for committees to keep up and manufacturers at 
the forefront of their game are driving designs 
forward very quickly. Traditional helmet designs 
like those typified by many old US and European 
designs may have held sway, but safety conscious 
brigades are looking for superior design options 
that offer their crews lighter-weight, more innova- 
tive helmet designs and most importantly, greater 
safety. 

The issue for some Asian fire brigades is that 
historical helmet protection levels have been so low 
as a consequence of protection afforded domestic 
manufacturers who have manufactured extremely 
low specification helmets. This is not true of all 
brigades, for the Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwanese 
and some Korean fire brigades have been equipping 
their crews (both fire and paramedic) with EN 443 
compliant helmets for some years. This trend is 
becoming more common in both South Asia and 
the Indian sub-continent. The result will be a signif- 
icant reduction in head trauma. 

For many of these countries, the real issue in the 
first instance is one of raising the basic helmet and 
PPE performance standards. Whether they chose 
European CE or AS/NZS Standards, the benefits will 
be similar and front-line crews will be the ben- 
eficiaries. For other fire brigades in Australia and 
New Zealand, the traditional shape of helmet is 
likely to change to half or full jet-styles as the Stan- 
dards document updates hopefully next year. With 
multi-function/multi-layer helmets now becoming 
available, stand-by for quite radical design sh apes 
and features on fire fighters heads very soon. EES 



Protecting the World’s firefighters 


Specialist clothing & equipment 

Bristol Uniforms is one of the World’s leading designers and 
manufacturers of innovative firefighter protective personal equipment. 
We supply to fire and rescue services in over I 1 0 countries offering a 
comprehensive range of equipment and services including: 


• clothing that meets international performance standards for use 
in structural close proximity and wildland firefighting as well as 
urban search and rescue protective clothing 

• a complete range of accessories, helmets, boots, gloves and tools 

• Bristol Care™ - offering flexible solutions for garment care and 
maintenance. 



Please visit our web site for full details of all product and 
services or contact us directly. 

Bristol Uniforms Ltd, Bristol, United Kingdom. BS 1 6 5LL. 
Telephone ++44 (0) 1 17 956 3101 
enquiries@bristoluniforms.co.uk 

www.bristoluniforms.com 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


19 


:o.uk 



the fire safer! 




PAB FIRE 03 

All round head protection in any fire fighting 

All round head protection in rescue service intervention 

Industrial protection whenever temperatures are 
significantly increased 

EN 443 certified 



PLASTIKA AKRAPOVIC BUZET, Most 26, 52420 Buzet - Croatia 
Tel. / 00385 52 662 662, 662 300, Fax / 00385 52 662 254 
e-mail / info@pab-buzet.com 
http://www.pab-buzet.com/ 



c 


® 


pAb ^ 


Pic courtesy of Dyne 
Technologies 


By Joan M. Leedy 

President of Dyne 
Technologies 


TESTING FOAM 



Testing Fire 
Fighting Foam 
Used in Marine 
Applications 

Most fire fighting foam users including marine applications fall under some 
governing body that requires - or at least recommends - the user test the foam 
on a regular basis to ensure foam quality. 


O ne example of these codes is the National 
Fire Protection Association Standard on 
Foam (NFPA11) which recommends annual 
testing. The NFPA 11, 2005 edition, entitled 
"Low-Medium-, and High-Expansion Foam" reads 
as follows: 

"At least annually, an inspection shall be made 
of the foam concentrates and their tanks or stor- 
age containers for evidence of excessive sludging 
or deterioration. Samples of concentrates shall be 
sent to the manufacturer or qualified laboratory 
for quality condition testing." 

Chapter 9 of NFPA 1 1 is exclusive to recommen- 
dations for Low-Expansion Foam Systems for 
Marine Applications. The testing and inspection 


recommendation in the Marine chapter refers 
the user back to the NFPA statement above. 
Furthermore, NFPA 1 1 states: 

"The inspection shall include performance eval- 
uation of the foam concentrate or premix solution 
or both. Tests that deviate more than 10 percent 
from those recorded in acceptance testing shall be 
discussed immediately with the manufacturer." 

Other testing procedures covering marine testing 
include the International Maritime Organization 
MSC/Circ. 582 - the standard governing oil tankers 
and the United States Coast Guard, Department of 
Homeland Security 46CFR Shipping, subchapter D - 
Tank Vessels 31.10-18 Inspection and Certification, 
Firefighting equipment. 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


21 



TESTING FOAM 


Pic courtesy of Dyne 
Technologies 


TESTING FIRE FIGHTING FOAM USED IN MARINE APPLICATIONS 


Table 1 - Periodic Testing Requirements for Marine Applications 



National Fire 
Protection 
Association 
Standard on Foam 
NFPA 11 

United States Coast 
Guard 49 CFR 

International Marine 
Organization 

Frequency 

Annually 

Annually 

Three Years after 
Installation and 
Annually Thereafter 

Tests Required 

Quality Condition 
Testing 

"specific gravity, pH, 
percentage of water 
dilution, solid content 
and certification as a 
suitable firefighting foam" 

Sedimentation - <0.25% 
pH Value -6.0 -9.5 
Volumic mass, 
expansion, 25% 
drain time- within 
acceptable range of 
type approval. 

Water 

Not Specified 

Not Specified 

Sea Water 


Similar to NFPA, the USCG requires periodic 
testing of foam be completed annually. The IMO 
specification requires foam be tested 3 years after 
installation and then annually thereafter. 

Table 1 compares the periodic testing required 
by these three specifications. Of these three the 
IMO specification specifically states the tests 
required and the test result requirements. NFPA 1 1 
and the USCG require the manufacturer or testing 
laboratory to set the testing and pass/fail criteria. 
In addition, the IMO specification requires the 
foam concentrate to be stored for 24 hours at a 
temperature of 60°C (140°F) prior to running the 
sedimentation, expansion and drain time test. 

Typically testing laboratories will perform a 
series of tests including both physical properties 
tests on the concentrate as well as performance 


tests on the foam solution. The following is a list 
of physical property tests that might be run on a 
foam concentrate sample. 

The refractive index of a liquid is a measure of 
how much the speed of light is reduced as it 
travels through the liquid. The refractive index 
measurement can indicate whether the foam con- 
centrate has been diluted or contaminated. The 
refractive index is typically measured on synthetic 
foam concentrates. It generally is ineffective on 
protein foam concentrates because of the high 
solids content. 

The sedimentation test is run to ensure a 
minimal amount of sediment in the foam concen- 
trate. The sediment level is determined by spinning 
the sample in a centrifuge for a specified amount 
of time. After spinning, the sediment collected at 



22 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



BIO FOR 

[Wetting and foaming additii 
hirbanjpnd industrial fire 

liodegradi 


'JL 


< 4 *.. 






sf 


• EDI 1568 3 certified 

• Wetting power ff 0,1% 

) • Foaming power @ 0,5 % : creates a blanket 

• Efficient on hydrocarbons fires 
^ • Low, Medium & High Expansion 


fco*£x SA 

2.1 Lj P^tltv OIi. ic p 69770 Mcnlrottte* FRANCE 
M ^13 474 703 381 - Fax +33 474 702 394 - oxportet»a.»i It 


m 



Advanced Quality 
www.bio-ex.com 



professional 
i protection 
systems 


• • > 

Ok 


»jp 

i!tV 


•+Lr /J 

CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL, RADIOLOGICAL, 

NUCLEAR or ^EMERGENCY? 

control the risk and lessen the impact with ..... 

• DECONTAMINATION SHOWERS iMr 

• MASS DECONTAMINATION SYSTEMS * 

• EMERGENCY AND TACTICAL SHELTERS * 

• HOSPITAL SURGE CAPACITY m= ~ 

• PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 

• INFECTION CONTROL 

• CASUALTY ISOLATION EQUIPMENT 

• CRIME SCENE EQUIPMENT 
’iNOUSTRIAL CLOTHING 

PROTECTION HOUSE, SHEA BOURNE DRIVE, 

TIL BROOK, MILTON KEYNES, BUCKS, ENGLAND 
MKT 8H3L tmk «44|0)1*08 272240 

www.ppsgb.com _ — m 

Everything You Need To Cop* From A On# Stop Shop | 




ARCTIC FOAM 

by SOLBERQ SCANDINAVIAN 



SCANDINAVIAN Visit our vwb*il. 


rawuowMw www.arcticfoam.com 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


23 



TESTING FIRE FIGHTING FOAM USED IN MARINE APPLICATIONS 


TESTING FOAM 


Pic courtesy of Dyne 
Technologies 



the bottom of the centrifuge tube can be 
examined and measured. The percent sediment by 
volume can be calculated. Excessive sediment can 
be a sign of contamination and/or deterioration. 

Viscosity is a measurement that quantifies a 
fluid's resistance to flow. A maximum viscosity 
level can ensure a foam concentrate will flow 
successfully through a foam proportioning system. 
An increase in viscosity can render the foam 
ineffective simply because it will not flow through 
the proportioning system and mix with the water. 

pH is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a 
solution. The pH is measured for two reasons. A 
neutral pH of 6 to 9.5 ensures the product will not 
corrode the piping and tank in which it is stored. 
Furthermore, a neutral pH may be required to 
keep the foam ingredients mixed and in solution. 
A pH outside of this range can cause an ingredient 
to drop out of solution. For example, often times a 
foam with a low pH, below 6, will also show a low 
expansion because the chemicals in the foam that 
cause foaming are adversely affected by this low 
pH level. 

The volumic mass can also be referred to as the 
specific gravity or density. The density is the 
weight of a given volume of a liquid. For a foam 
concentrate with a density higher than the system 
water, a decrease in the density can be a sign of 
inadvertent dilution of the concentrate with water. 
The concentrate density will vary depending on 
the type and nominial concentration of the prod- 
uct. A typical density for a protein-based 3% foam 


concentrate is 1.158 grams per milliliter while a 
3% aqueous film-forming foam concentrate 
would more likely be 1.030 grams per milliliter. 
Figure 1 is an example of how the density might 
change as a foam concentrate is diluted with the 
system water. Because sea water has a higher 
density (approximately 1.027 grams per milliliter) 
than fresh water (1.00 grams per milliliter), the 
system water must also be considered when 
analyzing the change in density of a concentrate 
over time. Note in the example in Figure 1 that 
density of the AFFF does not change significantly 



Pic courtesy of Dyne Technologies 


24 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


lp °^ r ** * 






Let’s hear it for the scientists. 

In industrial fires, response time is important, but getting there fast isn’t always enough. 
For safer, more effective fire suppression, reducing the risk of burn-back is critical. 

Fire-fighting foams made with DuPont " Forafac® fluorinated surfactants extinguish fire 
and increase burn-back time on all types of polar liquid and hydrocarbon fires. 

With a broad range of industrial applications including oil, chemical and aviation 
fire-fighting foams, Forafac® additives are also compatible with a variety of surfactants 
to meet specific formulation needs. 


With over 30 years of leadership in the science of fire suppression, DuPont is 
committed to developing safe, reliable products that improve performance 
—and meet regulatory guidelines. 


Our wealth of reliable, safe ingredients, combined with market knowledge and technical 
expertise, provides the raw materials needed for product exploration and customization. 
This, as well as the trust the world has in us, affords our customers the freedom to innovate. 


DuPont™ Forafac® 

DuPont Surface Protection Solutions 

The miracles of science™ 



www.firesuppression.dupont.com Asia Pacific +886.2.2719.1999 Europe +33.1.41.97.45.59 North America 1-866-828-7009 


Copyright © 2007 DuPont. The DuPont Oval Logo, DuPont ", The miracles of science”, and Forafac® are trademarks or registered trademarks of E.l. du Pont de Nemours and Company or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 




TESTING FIRE FIGHTING FOAM USED IN MARINE APPLICATIONS 


TESTING FOAM 



as it is diluted with sea water because the density 
of the AFFF and the sea water are very similar. 

While the tests discussed so far are all physical 
property tests completed on the foam concen- 
trate, the remaining tests are all performance tests 
run on the foam solution after it is mixed with 
water. In order to run the performance tests, the 
foam concentrate must be diluted with water at 
the appropriate concentrate. A 3% foam concen- 
trate must be diluted 3 parts foam concentrate to 
97 parts water, while a 6% foam concentrate is 
diluted 6 parts foam concentrate to 94 parts 
water. The IMO specification requires that the 
foam concentrate be mixed with sea water not 
fresh water. 

Surface tension, interfacial tension and spread- 
ing coefficient are measured to determine whether 
or not a foam is a film-forming foam. A positive 
spreading coefficient ensures the foam is a film 
forming foam such as is described by the name 
film forming fluoroprotein or aqueous film 
forming foam. Though not required to effectively 
extinguish a fire, the fire fighting capability of 
foam may be enhanced by its ability to form a thin 
water film on the surface of a non-water soluble 
flammable liquid. 


The foam expansion is 
often used to characterize 
foam and to measure its 
performance. The expan- 
sion ratio is the weight ratio 
a given volume of foam 
solution to that same vol- 
ume of expanded foam. For 
example, 1600 milliliters of 
fresh-water foam solution, 
prior to being expanded will 
weigh approximately 1600 
grams. Once the foam is 
expanded this same volume 
of foam may weigh only 
200 grams. The expansion 
in this example would be 
1600 divided by 200 grams 
or 8:1. The expansion ratio 
does depend on many 
variables including water 
temperature, nozzle pressure 
and nozzle configuration. In 
addition, the type of water used will affect 
expansion. Figure 3 shows the expansion ratio of 
58 different foam concentrates measured both 
with fresh water and with sea water. Of these 58 



Pic courtesy of Dyne Technologies 


measurements, the sea water expansion was 0.66 
expansion units or 8.9% less than the fresh water 
expansion. 

The 25% drain time is a measurement of how 
much time it takes for 25% of the 
weight of a given amount of foam to 
drain back into a foam solution. This 
property is important because once 
foam drains into a solution it is no 
longer providing any fire extinguish- 
ing capabilities nor can it secure a 
spill from ignition. As with foam 
expansion, salt water can also reduce 
the 25% drain time of a foam 
solution. Figure 3 shows the drain 
time value of these same 58 foam 
concentrates when mixed with both 
fresh and sea water. On average, the 
drain time was 41 seconds or 9.2% 
faster when the foam concentrate 
was mixed with sea water than with 
fresh water. 

Because typical marine applica- 
tions use sea water and not fresh 
water for foam dilution and gen- 
eration, it can be important in these 


Figure 2 - Foam Expansion - Fresh VS. Sea 
Water 


9 

8.5 

0 8 
(0 

1 7.5 
0 

§ 7 

o 

E 6.5 

(0 

o 

6 

5.5 
5 








♦ Foam Exp. 3% Fresh 
Water 

■ Foam Exp. 3% Sea 
Water 


20 40 60 80 

Expansion 


26 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



Foam fire fighting systems - 
we've got it covered 


When quick reactions under extreme stress are 


Typical high risk applications 


needed, it matters that the tools to deliver are both 
unquestionably reliable and specifically designed for 
the task. If you fight fire fast with the right combination 
of product and delivery system, you can save lives, 
critical assets and scarce resources. 


• Petro-chemical - Oil terminal; 

Storage tank protection; Bund protection 

• Marine - Tankers; Machinery spaces; 
Ferries; Offshore support and 

Fire fighting vessels 


Skum brings over 70 years of invaluable expertise to 
fire fighting. Backed by a programme of continuous 
research and development, Skum has an enviable 
reputation at the forefront of fire fighting technology 
and is renowned worldwide for its quality and 
innovation. Innovations such as Hot Foam™ systems 
for enclosed spaces or the unique FJM corrosion free 
monitor. 

In short Skum has it covered. 


• Aviation - Hangars; Helidecks; 
Crash vehicles 


• Industry - Sprinkler 
systems; Foam spray deluge 
systems; Medium/high 
expansion foam systems 

• Power Generating Plants - 

Transformers; Cable tunnels; 
Conveyors; Coal bunkers 






Systems for aircraft hangars 


Systems for high risk sites 



HotFoam™ systems for 
enclosed areas 


Skum 70 years of exceptional reliability 



For further information, please contact: 
Tyco Safety Products, 

Le Pooleweg 5, 2314 XT Leiden, Netherlands 
Tel: +31 (0)71 5419 415 Fax: +31 (0)71 5417 330 
E-mail: tspmarketing.emea@tycoint.com 
Web: www.skum.com 


tqca 


1 Fire & 
Security 


HotFoam is a trademark of a subsidiary of Tyco Holdings (UK) Ltd. Copyright © A subsidiary of Tyco Holdings (UK) Ltd. 




TESTING FIRE FIGHTING FOAM USED IN MARINE APPLICATIONS 


TESTING FOAM 


Figure 3 - 25% Drain Time - Fresh VS. Sea 
Water 


600 


500 


c/) ^ 

a) 

”5 400 


a> 300 

E 


200 

100 

0 






yr. 




20 40 60 

Sample Number 


► 25% Drain Time Fresh 
Water 

25% Drain Time Sea 
Water 


80 


applications to test the foam with sea water. 
Though the expansion and drain time of all foams 
may not be adversely affected by salt water, many 
are. By testing the concentrate with the water 
used in the application - fresh or sea - perfor- 
mance during a crisis situation is better assured. 

In addition to periodic testing of foam stored 
on-board ship, specifications often require the 
foam be "Type Tested" prior to being used for a 
marine application. Type testing would require the 
foam manufacturer to have the brand and type of 
foam tested by an independent testing agency 
prior to use and is typically valid as long as the 
formulation or specification have not changed. All 
three marine standards - NFPA, USCG and IMO 
require that a foam concentrate initially complete 
and pass a testing protocol (type testing) prior to 
use on board ship. 

Table 2 outlines the type test requirements for 
each of these specifications. The USCG and NFPA 
tests are the same. All three specifications require 
similar fire tests. The major difference in the IMO 


specification is that it requires a posi- 
tive spreading coefficient thus limiting 
use to film forming foams. It is also 
important to point out that the USCG 
does not simply approve foams but a 
foam system. Thus the foam quality of 
the small scale fire test nozzle must 
match the foam quality of the full scale 
equipment and an additional com- 
ponent of the specification would be 
ensuring the foam will proportioning 
correctly through the equipment. Also 
worth noting is the USCG specification 
requires a foam to initially be listed by 
Underwriters Laboratory through the 
specification UL 162. UL 162 is a 
complete specification in and of itself 
and includes requirements for foam 
quality, fire tests, and storage tests in 
addition to other test requirements. 

This paper discusses only three 
specifications that apply to marine 
applications - NFPA, USCG and IMO. Other specifi- 
cations may apply depending on the jurisdiction. 
All of these specifications are designed to ensure 
the foam used on board ships will perform effec- 
tively. To ensure safety, consider the following: 

• Fully assess the hazard on board and make sure 
the foam is designed to handle the hazard i.e., 
if polar solvents are on board, purchase a polar 
solvent foam. 

• Purchase foam that will meet the applicable 
specifications and make sure the foam has 
been tested by an independent testing agency. 

• Request a certificate of analysis from the manu- 
facturer for the lot of foam purchased. If available 
the C of A will provide a baseline for many of 
the physical and performance properties. 

• Test the foam when it is first installed to make 
sure the system will proportion it properly. 

• Complete periodic testing of the foam system 
and the foam concentrate. 

• Maintain records of all testing complete d to 

monitor changes and trends. EE9 


Joan M. Leedy is President 
of Dyne Technologies - ISO 
9000:2001 compliance 
testing laboratory 
Member of the NFPA 
Committee on Foam 
Standards Technical Panel 
Member for Foam at 
Underwriters Laboratory 


Table 2 - Type Testing Requirements for Marine Applications 



NFPA and USCG 49 

IMO 

Tests On Foam Concentrate 

None 

Freeze Thawing 

Heat Stability 
Sedimentation 

Kinematic Viscosity 
pH 

Volumic Mass 

Tests On Foam Solution 

Expansion 

25% Drain Time 

Both Fresh and Sea Water 

Spreading 

Coefficient >0 

Expansion 

25% Drain Time 

All Mixed with Sea Water 

Fire Tests 

9.29m 2 (100 ft 2 ) 

Gasoline 

Two Sea Water 

Two Fresh Water 

9.29m 2 (100 ft 2 ) 

Gasoline Fire 

Sea Water 

Additional Requirements 

Listed by Underwriters Laboratory 

None 

Polar Solvents 

For Use on Polar Solvents - Foam 
Concentrate must pass applicable 

UL 162 Fire Tests (50 ft 2 ) 

Polar Solvent Use 

Not Mentioned 


28 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 







ANGUS 

FIRE 


A UTC Fire & Security Company 


World Leading Innovation 

Leading the way in environmentally 
responsible fire fighting foam 
technology 


Widest Choice, Highest 
Quality 

Complete range of internationally 
approved protein and synthetic 
based agents from the world’s 
largest foam manufacturer 


ANGUS 

FIRE 


24 Hour Emergency 
Hotline 


Phone +44 (0) 15242 61166 for 

emergency delivery to major 
incident sites world wide 


www.angusfire.co.uk 


ANGUS FIRE ■ THAME PARK ROAD ■ THAME ■ OXFORDSHIRE ■ 0X9 3RT ■ UK ■ T: +44 (0)1844 265000 ■ F: +44 (0)1844 265156 




By John Nicholson 

Executive editor of 
NFPA Journal 


NFPA 99 

Treating 

NFPA 

Like a patient after a transplant or after 
receiving a vital transfusion, NFPA 99, Health 
Care Facilities, is on the road to improvement 
thanks to a Technical Correlating Committee 
(TCC) interested in making the proper 
diagnosis and a forward-thinking Standards 
Council. 

NFPA Journal®, September/October 2007 



" I inconsistent," "difficult to navigate," and "out- 

I dated" were terms used by users to previously 

I describe NFPA 99. Hearing those words too 
often took a toll on the Technical Correlating 
Committee on Health Care Facilities, so they 
requested and received approval from the Stan- 
dards Council for a comprehensive restructuring of 
the standard and the scopes and memberships of 
the Technical Committees (TCs) involved in NFPA's 
Health Care Project. 

"The radical changes were necessary as NFPA 
99 is a 25-year-old document that was a com- 
pilation of even older standards," says Technical 
Correlating Committee chair Douglas S. Erickson. 
"In reviewing the document there were chapters 
and annexes that had not been referenced for 
over a decade. With the dramatic changes in 
health care technology, electronic medical records, 
natural disasters, and a sicker patient population, 
NFPA 99 needs to be reinvented to fit this modern- 
day delivery system." 

Erickson is also the director of research and 
development for the American Society for Health- 
care Engineering and its representative to the 
Health Care Project. The society is part of the 
American Hospital Association. 

The document is now in the Annual 2009 
revision cycle and will result in a 2010 edition. In 
January 2007 the Standards Council gave its 
approval to the rosters of the project's Technical 
Committees. Those committees began meeting in 
February 2007 to begin writing the draft docu- 
ment, and the proposal closing is scheduled for 
this November. The TCs will have approximately 10 
months to complete their work on the draft 
documents, which is very ambitious given the new 
subject areas as well as the need for reformatting 
the entire document. 


"We are just starting to get proposals for the 
2010 edition. This is going to be a very interesting 
ROP period as proposals will come in all shapes 
and sizes; some will want to only modify language 
in the 2005 edition; others will want to eliminate 
chapters or annexes; and I know of some which 
will be a complete rewrite of chapters/sections. It 
will be a real juggling act to follow NFPA pro- 
cedures. The proposal closing date is November 
29, 2007, and then all the fun will begin as the 
Technical Committees start to meet," says Erickson. 

Road to recovery 

The restructuring of the document, which is widely 
used throughout the United States , began in July 
2006, when the Technical Correlating Committee 
on Health Care Facilities sought approval from the 
Standards Council. In its request, the TCC stated 
that the current standard is "difficult to navigate, 
is inconsistent in the chapter format, and needs to 
be updated to reflect current medical practices 
and procedures." 

"We had three strategic planning meetings of 
the TCC and invited the chairs of the TCs to 
attend and participate in the planning process," 
says Erickson. "We also met frequently with NFPA's 
Codes and Standards Administration staff to make 
sure they were aware of the direction we were 
headed and could offer advice and counsel if there 
appeared to be potential conflicts with other 
standards. Our staff liaison also played a critical 
role in making sure we were not violating any 
organizational rules or protocols." 

In making its request, the TCC did not propose 
any change to their TCC scope but provided the 
Council with proposed revised scopes for all but 
one of the TCs within the project. The proposed 
plan presented to the Standards Council in July 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


31 


Helmet-Vue 

Hands-Free 
Helmet-Mounted 
Thermal Imaging Camera 


Features, Price and 4 
Proven Performance of / 
Hand-Held Thermal Imagers / 
...and available now! / 

~ I L 




\ * 

l>' l| 
r 




__ i 

f* 







& \ } 


a \ >i TfBf 

gLi 

pi . ' 




jet* 


«* e,oa V ted 


Because your hands 
have more important 
things to do. 


Sage Technologies, Ltd. 

215-658-0500 ■ sage@gosage.com ■ www.gosage.com 


5) Copyright 3006 Sage Technologies, Ltd 


Helmet- Vue is a trademark of Sage Technologies, Ltd 


2006 had eight TCs re-aligned into seven TCs with 
all responsible for portions of NFPA 99. 

According to the initial presentation to the 
Standards Council, some of the existing TCs were 
to be merged with others, some were to be elimi- 
nated, and new TCs were proposed. The following 
are the proposed details the TCC first presented to 
the Standards Council in July 2006: 

• TC on Fundamentals: This committee is being 
renamed "Fundamentals" from "Administra- 
tion." In addition to its existing responsibilities, 
this committee will also be responsible for 
determining the relative risk level of various 
medical procedures in order to specify the level 
of service. This would pertain to gas and vacuum 
systems, electrical systems, fire protection, and 
special hazards. For example, they will deter- 
mine the relative fire risk in an operating room 
or MRI and specify a particular fire extinguisher 
or suppression/detection system to protect the 
hazard. It is not anticipated that this committee 
will develop any fire protection or egress 
requirements that are already covered in other 
standards or codes, such as NFPA 101®, Life 
Safety Code®, NFPA 13, Installation of Sprinkler 
Systems, or NFPA 72®, National Fire Alarm 
Code®. It may extract or reference these 
requirements into NFPA 99 where appropriate. 

• TC on Medical Equipment: This new commit- 
tee would be a merger of the existing TC on 
Electrical Equipment and the TC on Gas 
Delivery Equipment. There is no proposed 
change from the existing scope or intent of the 
two existing committees. 

• TC on Electrical Systems: This is an existing 
committee, but its scope will be expanded to go 
beyond just electrical power systems. In addition 
to electrical power systems, the committee will 

in its request, the TCC stated 
that the current standard is 
“difficult to navigate, is 
inconsistent in the chapter 
format, and needs to be 
updated to reflect current 
medical practices and 
procedures." 

also address low voltage systems such as nurse 
call systems, telemedicine, wireless technology 
used in patient care, and informatics (electronic 
information data bases). This committee may 
extract or reference the requirements from 
NFPA 70, National Electrical Code®, into NFPA 
99 where appropriate. 

• TC on Mechanical Systems: This is a new 
committee that would address the existing per- 
formance operations, testing, and maintenance 
requirements for failure management criteria 
for air quality, and also address new subjects 
such as temperature, humidity control, critical 
space pressure relationships for infection 


32 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


TREATING NFPA 99 


NFPA 99 


control water and wastewater, and air quality 
issues. This committee may extract or reference 
the requirements from NFPA 90A, Installation 
of Air-Conditioning and Ventilating Systems 
into NFPA 99 where appropriate. 

• TC on Emergency Management and Security 
Committee: This is an existing committee with 
an expanded scope to include security issues in 
health care facilities. This committee will con- 
tinue to address the requirements pertaining to 
emergency management as currently addressed 
in NFPA 99. They will also co-ordinate with 
NFPA 1600, Disaster/Emergency Management 

There are several major 
milestones that must be 
completed in short order 
that include disbanding the 
existing committees, forming 
new committees, and 
drafting the reformatted 
document NFPA 99. 

and Business Continuity Programs where 
applicable. This committee will address a new 
subject of health care security. Currently the TC 
on Premises Security addresses security in 
health care facilities in NFPA 730, Guide for 
Premises Security. The TC on Emergency Man- 
agement and Security is requesting they have 
the primary responsibility for security in health 
care facilities. This material may be extracted or 
referenced by NFPA 730. The TC on Emergency 
Management and Security would address issues 
such as infant abduction and drug diversion. 

• TC on Piped Gas Installation: This is an existing 
committee with a name change. This committee 
will address installation, performance, main- 
tenance, and testing requirements for piped 
medical and dental gas and vacuum systems. 

• No changes were proposed for the TC 
on Health Care Facilities and the TC on 
Hyperbaric and Hypobaric Facilities. 

Criticality of timing 

According to the TCC leadership, time was vital 
for the project's success, and it pushed for a timely 
transition. NFPA 99 is currently in the Annual 2009 
cycle with the proposal closing date for this cycle 
in November 2007. There are several major 
milestones that must be completed in short order 
that include disbanding the existing committees, 
forming new committees, and drafting the 
reformatted document NFPA 99. Therefore, 
the proposed timeline for the project is as follows: 

• July 2006, Standards Council reviews a 
proposed restructuring. 

• November 2006, Council approves the restruc- 
turing. Disbands all existing TCs and places a 
call for committee members for all TCs. 

• January 2007, the Standards Council appoints 
the chairs and start up roster. 


• January 11, 2007, TCC meets with all TC 
chairs to review the scope of the project and 
to make assignments to develop the new 
documents. 

• February 2007, TCs start to meet and develop 
new draft documents. 

• November 2007, TCs complete the draft 
documents. 

• January 2008, ROP meetings. 

• September 2008, ROC meetings. 

• June 2009, Association meeting. 

• July 2009, Standards Council issues documents. 
The TCs will have approximately 10 months to 

complete their work on the draft documents, 
which is very ambitious given the new subject 
areas as well as the need for reformatting the 
entire document. 

"In teaching the principal elements of the 
standard for over 20 years, it was becoming evident 
to the users of the document that it needed to be 









We present a comprehensive range of high-performance and environment compatible fire fighting foam concentrates. 

24 HOUR EMERGENCY SERVICE +49 (0) 40-736 1680 

1 Dr.STHAMER BOmMMS® 

Headquarters 

Liebigstr. 5 ■ D-22113 Hamburg 
Telephone +49 (0) 40-73 61 68-0 
Telefax +49 (0) 40-73 61 68-60 
E-Mail: info@sthamer.com • www.sthamer.com 


Branch Office 

Konigsteiner Str. 5 ■ D-01796 Pima 
Telephone +49 (0) 35 01 -46 44 84 4 
Telefax +49 (0)35 01-46 44 85 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


33 



NFPA 99 


TREATING NFPA 99 


modernized. The membership of the American 
Society for Healthcare Engineering and the TCC all 
agreed that a 'band-aid' approach was no longer 
sufficient to get the standard ready for 2010," 
Erickson says. 

Standards Council response 

At its July 2006 meeting, the Standards Council 
considered the request from the Technical Cor- 
relating Committee on Health Care Facilities for 
the proposed restructuring of the Health Care 
Facilities Project. 

After a review of the proposed new structure, 
the Council requested that the TCC further clarify 
where in the proposed new structure the project 
was intending to assume primary jurisdiction for 
subject matter that was currently within the 
jurisdiction of another project. 

Specifically, the Council requested that the TCC 
identify where, through the proposed new 
structure, the Health Care Facilities Project was 
requesting primary jurisdiction over any subject 


Homeland security 

One aspect of the proposed restructuring relates 
to the on-going attempts to address homeland 
security-related concerns within the NFPA codes 
and standards process. In this case, the Health 
Care Project TCC proposed expanding the name 
and scope of the TC on "Health Care Emergency 
Management" to the TC on "Emergency Manage- 
ment and Security" to include security issues in 
health care facilities. 

In accordance with the Council's policy on 
homeland security issues, the Council solicited 
specific comment on the proposed expansion of 
the Health Care project to address security issues 
in health care facilities. 

As requested, the TCC solicited additional infor- 
mation, and in November 2006, the Standards 
Council voted to approve the restructuring, with 
modification, the approved TCs and respective TC 
scopes as previously discussed. 

All existing members of the Health Care Facili- 
ties Project Technical Committees reapplied, and a 


Specifically, the Council requested that the TCC 
identify where, through the proposed new 
structure, the Health Care Facilities Project was 
requesting primary jurisdiction over any subject 
matter that it would currently have been 
required to address by reference to or extract 
from other documents in accordance with 

extract policy. 


matter that it would currently have been required 
to address by reference to or extract from other 
documents in accordance with extract policy. 

The Council was concerned that the Health 
Care Facilities Project might, through the proposed 
new scopes and structure, be proposing to take 
primary responsibility for establishing requirements 
on certain subjects that were currently the respon- 
sibility of other Projects. If this was the case, the 
affected projects were informed and had an 
opportunity to provide input to the Council before 
the Council took further action on the proposed 
new structure. 

Once that additional information was provided, 
the Council directed that the proposed re- 
structuring be circulated through the normal 
channels for public review, with specific notice 
directed toward other related and affected Projects 
in the NFPA codes and standards process. In 
addition to soliciting comments from the existing 
TC in the Health Care Project, the Council directed 
that comments be solicited from the committees 
responsible for the following NFPA documents: 
NFPA 1, 13, 14, 45, 52, 90A, 70E, 72, 101, 110, 
318, 730, 1600, and 5000. 


notice was published calling for new members 
and specifically soliciting additional expertise as 
necessitated by this restructuring. 

Change of scope, change of name 

The Standards Council revised the scope of the 
Technical Committee on Electrical Systems 
(HEA-ELS). It shall have primary responsibility for 
documents or portions of documents covering the 
minimum requirements for performance, testing, 
maintenance, operations, and failure management 
of electrical systems, low voltage systems, wireless 
technologies, informatics, and telemedicine to 
safeguard patients, staff, and visitors within health 
care facilities. 

The Technical Committee on Fundamentals 
(HEA-FUN) underwent a TC name change from 
Administration to Fundamentals and its scope was 
revised. This Committee shall have primary respon- 
sibility for documents or portions of documents on 
the scope, application, and intended use of 
documents under the Health Care Facilities Project, 
including reference standards, performance, the 
protection of special hazards, criteria for levels 
of health care services based on risk, as well as 


34 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


Trend-setting in safety 

and fire protection glass 



All Gllj|| partition for frameless fife I 
protection glazing! 

see CONTRAFLAM® v §i|)RUCTURE is a new glass product offgjhfta 
t||i ideal solution for reals i ng, fra me less fire resi|l^lMU®j^ 
systems for interior application. 

The panes consist of two or more sheets of tempered^ 
monolithic safety glass and intumescent interlayers, 
which develop their insulating properties in ca^^^^^l 
sec CONTRAFLAM® STRUCTURE simplifies the installation and 
reduces the risk for breakage due to the tempered glass 
advantagesi^S^^^BK^SB 

• All glass partition with fire resistance 


Up to and incl. 60 minutes fire rgsistanceu 

Optical continuous glass siffifacel- «flush.glazing» 

Extreme stability and enh»ced strength 

Floor to sealingn^ resisj^R glazing 

Both sides UV-resistan^l I— 


£ v \ 


rftTTtri 

SAINT-GOBAIN 

GLASS 


VETROTECH SAINT-GOBAIN 
INTERNATIONAL AG 

Stauffacherstrasse 128 
CH-3000 Bern 22 
Tel. +41 31 336 81 81 
Fax +41 31 336 81 19 

infoVSGI.vetrotech@saint-gobain.com 

www.vetrotech.com 


NFPA 99 


TREATING NFPA 99 


definitions not assigned to other committees in 
the Health Care Facilities Project. 

The Technical Committee on Health Care 
Emergency Management and Security (HEA-HES) 
is a renamed committee as well and its scope was 
revised. Its name was changed from Health Care 
Emergency Management to Health Care Emer- 
gency Management and Security. This Committee 
shall have primary responsibility for documents or 
portions of documents covering the framework for 
emergency management and security of health 
care facilities proportionate to the risk of the 
patient and health care staff. This Committee shall 
have primary responsibility for the elements of 
planning over a continuum from minor incidences 
to catastrophic events, including: management 
controls, mitigation practices, incident response, 
continuity of services, recovery, stored capacity, 
staff training, and program evaluation. 

The Standards Council also formed a new Techni- 
cal Committee on Mechanical Systems (HEA-MEC) 
that shall have primary responsibility for documents 
or portions of documents covering the performance, 


Committee on Piping Systems (HEA-PIP) maintains 
primary responsibility for documents or portions of 
documents covering the performance, main- 
tenance, installation, and testing of medical and 
dental related gas piping systems and medical 
and dental related vacuum piping systems. 

In addition, the Health Care Facilities Technical 
Correlating Committee (HEA-AAC) remains 
responsible for documents that contain criteria for 
safeguarding patients and health care personnel in 
the delivery of health care services within health 
care facilities: a) from fire, explosion, electrical, 
and related hazards resulting either from the use 
of anesthetic agents, medical gas equipment, elec- 
trical apparatus, and high frequency electricity, or 
from internal or external incidents that disrupt 
normal patient care; b) from fire and explosion 
hazards associated with laboratory practices; c) in 
connection with the use of hyperbaric and hypo- 
baric facilities for medical purposes; d) through 
performance, maintenance, and testing criteria for 
electrical systems, both normal and essential; and 
e) through performance, maintenance, testing, 


The Technical Committee on Hyperbaric and 
Hypobaric Facilities (HEA-HYP) retains primary 
responsibility for documents or portions of 
documents covering the construction, 
installation, testing, performance, and 
maintenance of hyperbaric and hypobaric 
facilities for safeguarding staff and 
occupants of chambers. 


John Nicholson is the 

executive editor of NFPA 
Journal. Fie can be reached at 
jnicholson@nfpa.org 


operations, testing, maintenance, and failure man- 
agement criteria for air quality, temperature, 
humidity, critical space pressure relationships, water 
and wastewater, and their associated systems. 

The TCs on Electrical Equipment and Gas 
Delivery Equipment merged to become the 
Technical Committee on Medical Equipment 
(HEA-MED), which shall have primary responsibility 
for documents or portions of documents covering 
the maintenance, performance, and testing of 
electrical medical equipment and portable patient- 
related gas equipment for the purpose of safe- 
guarding patients and health care personnel 
within patient care areas of health care facilities 
from the hazards of fire, explosion, electricity, non- 
ionizing radiation, heat, and electrical interference. 

Unchanged TCs 

The Technical Committee on Hyperbaric and 
Hypobaric Facilities (HEA-HYP) retains primary 
responsibility for documents or portions of 
documents covering the construction, installation, 
testing, performance, and maintenance of hyper- 
baric and hypobaric facilities for safeguarding staff 
and occupants of chambers. The Technical 


and installation criteria: (1) for vacuum systems for 
medical or surgical purposes, and (2) for medical 
gas systems. 

At its meeting in January 2007, the Standards 
Council approved the rosters for the Technical 
Committees for electrical systems, fundamentals, 
health care emergency management and security, 
hyperbaric and hypobaric systems, mechanical 
systems, medical equipment, and piping systems. 

Has the restructuring met with the TCC's 
expectations? According to Erickson, yes and no. 

"For the most part the TCC members are satis- 
fied with the restructuring and the new Technical 
Committee structure. There are some, however, 
who don't believe we are going far enough with 
revising the 2010 version," says Erickson. "In the 
initial meeting the TCC had discussed looking at 
defining various levels of health care and writing 
standards to fit the levels. For example, a limited 
critical care unit in a rural hospital has different 
minimal needs than a critical care unit in a major 
urban tertiary medical center. What we all need to 
remember is this is a work in progress and if it all 
doesn't get done for the 2010 edition it can still 
happen for 2013." EES 


36 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 





c i 


I.? i 


Pbt 


PERFORMANCE 

PRODUCTS, INC. 


9800 Southern Pine Blvd Suite D // Charlotte, NC 28273 USA// T 704-554-3378 // F 704-554-3101 
www.pbigold.com // E-mail: walt.lehmann@pbiproducts.com 

Galgenbergstrasse 2b / Im Posthof D -93053 Regensburg, Germany 

T +49 (0) 941 70 54 370 // F +49 (0) 941 70 54 1 10 // E-mail: Helmut.Zepf@pbiproducts.com 


© 2008. PBI Gold, PBI Matrix, and Matrix are registered trademarks and PBI TriGuard™ is a trademark of PBI Performance Products, Inc. 


PBI Fabrics Engineered For The Work You Do. 


When it comes to firefighting, reliable protection that stands tough against heat and flame, and remains service worthy, is what 
you picture. And, for more than 25 years, in more cities, and in more departments, PBI Gold®, PBI Matrix® and PBI TriGuard™ fabrics 
have been doing just that... providing unmatched protection and performance to 
more firefighters than any other high performance fabric. From turnout gear and 
hoods to inventive USAR gear, these exclusive fabrics take personal protection 
to the highest level, combining unmatched flame and thermal protection with 
unsurpassed strength and durability. PBI fabrics... picture perfect performance. 


* Pwrtnrman** 



CONTROL LOGIC 

Spark 

detector 


designed for 
dust collection 
systems 
to protect 
storage silos 
from the risk 
of fire. 



20137 Milano - Via Ennio, 25 - Italy 

Tel.: + 39 02 541 0 081 8 - Fax + 39 02 541 0 0764 

E-mail: controllogic@controllogic.it - Web: www.controllogic.it 


Pi! 


Sparks fly 
at high speed. 

They travel at a hundred kilometres 
per hour along the ducts of the dust 
collection system and reach the silo 
in less than three seconds 

The CONTROL LOGIC 
SPARK DETECTOR 

is faster than 
the sparks themselves. 
It detects them with its highly 
sensitive infrared sensor, 
intercepts and extinguishes 
them in a flash. 
It needs no periodic inspection. 

The CONTROL LOGIC system 

is designed for "total supervision". 
It verifies that sparks have been 
extinguished, gives prompt warning of 
any malfunction and, if needed, 
cuts off the duct and stops the fan. 


ISO 9001 


CONTROL LOGIC 


i.r.l. 



BETTER TO KNOW IT BEFORE 

Eye is faster than nose. 

In the event of live fire 
the IR FLAME DETECTOR 
responds immediately 


IR FLAME DETECTOR^ 
RIV-601/FA 
EXPLOSIONPROOF 
ENCLOSURE 


CONTROL LOGIC 
IR FLAME DETECTOR 

the fastest and most ellective lire alarm device 
lor industrial applications 



IR FLAME DETECTOR 
RIV-601/F 
WATERTIGHT 
IP 65 ENCLOSURE 


For industrial applications indoors 
or outdoors where is a risk of explosion 
and where the explosionproof 
protection is required. 

One detector can monitor a vast area 
and responds immediately 
to the fire, yet of small size. 


Also for 

RS485 two-wire serial lioe 


20137 Milano - Via Ennio, 25 - Italy 

Tel.: + 39 02 541 0 081 8 - Fax + 39 02 541 0 0764 

E-mail: controllogic@controllogic.it - Web: www.controllogic.it 




For industrial applications indoors 
or outdoors where fire can spread 
out rapidly due to the presence of 
highly inflammable materials, 
and where vast premises need an optical 
detector with a great sensitivity 
and large field of view. 

4flryj iTrrh 


CONTROL LOGIC 


s.r.l. 


FLAME DETECTION 


X3302 Multispectrum IR 
Hydrogen Flame 
Detector 



Not All Hazards 
are the same: 


Design considerations for 
matching flame and gas hazards to 
detector technologies 


By Simon Pate 

Director of Projects and 
Systems, Detector 
Electronics Corporation 


Not all flame and gas hazards in facilities are the same, therefore the detection 
technology chosen should be specific to the type of hazard to be detected. How 
do users select technologies to see certain fires or detect certain gases? The 
intent of this paper is to give a broad introduction to the selection and use of 
flame and gas detector technologies. 

We will answer questions such as these: When should a flame-detector solution 
use infrared vs. ultraviolet detectors? Which gas-detector technologies are 
appropriate for flammable gases, hydrocarbon gases, and toxic gases? 


One size does not fit all 

A safety engineer at an LNG facility reviews 
two flame detectors: an uncertified infrared 
L (IR) detector and an FM -approved triple IR 
detector. Which should she choose? Meanwhile, a 
plant manager, considering gas detectors for his off- 
shore facility, researches which type of detector - 
electrochemical or semi conductor - is proven to 
sense hydrogen sulfide accurately. What criteria 
should he use? 

Today's flame and gas detection technology 
should be applied specifically to the hazard or haz- 
ards to be detected. One type of detector technolo- 
gy might be more suitable than another in a specific 
situation. 


Flame-detection principles 

In general, a hydrocarbon fire emits C0 2 , 
carbon, water, and heat (IR). Certain flame 
detectors see these types of combustion products. 
But those same flame detectors, for example, 
might not see S0 2 that is produced by a sulfur- 
fueled fire - therefore, that sulfur-fueled fire might 
go unseen. 

Because not all fires are the same, a flame 
detector must be matched to the type of fire fuel 
that it is expected to see. Various technologies and 
algorithms enable detectors to be sensitive to 
certain fuel fires. These technologies primarily use 
the following emissions spectra for optical flame 
detection: 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


39 


FLAME DETECTION 


NOT ALL HAZARDS ARE THE SAME 


Cone of vision 
illustration shows the 
field of view with 
off-axis limits of 45° 



• infrared 

OR) 

• ultraviolet (UV) 

• visible spectrum 
(CCTV-based 
devices) 

In choosing flame detec- 
tors, it is important to recog 
nize that they consist of 
window(s), optical sensor(s) - such 
as Geiger Muller and/or thermopiles, 
and electronics in a suitable enclosure. To 
differentiate a fire from a non-fire event, 
detectors include special optics and processing 
algorithms. 

• The optics filter out the non-fire spectra emis- 
sions to minimize false alarming. For example, 
sunlight should be filtered so it doesn't cause 
alarms. 

• Sophisticated algorithms analyze the optical 
signals and determine whether the detector is 
seeing a fire or non-fire event. These algorithms 
are, in most cases, patented and closely guarded. 
This is why different manufacturer's detectors 

have different performance, although they might 
use the same technology. 

Flame detection technologies 

The technologies widely used today are based on 
UV and IR sensors, and combinations of UV and 
IR sensors. CCTV is an emerging technology 
being used in some flame or smoke detection 
applications. 

UV-based detectors - The first flame detection 
technology used, UV detectors provide good 
response to a broad spectrum of hazards. Lightning, 
the sun, and arc welding can cause false alarms. 
Also, radioactive sources can generate false alarms 
because UV detectors are based on a Geiger- 
Mueller tube. The performance of UV detectors 
might be impaired by certain chemicals that attenu- 
ate UV light, such as oils, silicones, ethanol, and 
ammonia. Consult your detector manufacturer for a 
comprehensive list of UV-attenuating chemicals. 

IR-based detectors - IR emissions are generated 
by any material that is above absolute zero, such as 
the sun, a person, or any black body. IR detectors 
can be prone to false alarms from chopped or 
modulated IR sources. Carbon-based fueled fires are 
strong emitters in the IR spectrum, therefore 
single-IR and dual-IR detectors are suitable for their 
detection. 

Multiple IR (MIR) - The MIR (or triple IR) sensor 
flame detector (Figure 1) is a newer technology that 
is displacing the other technologies in many applica- 
tions, due to better performance and fewer false 
alarms. These detectors have the greatest on-axis 
detection ranges (>200ft) of any technology. 

UV/IR - Because the combination UV/IR detector 
reduces false-alarm issues, it has been popular. But 
it is being displaced by the new generation multi-IR 
detectors. 

CCTV- An emerging technology, there are a few 
CCTV flame detectors available for specific fuels. 
CCTV devices use visible light for flame detection, 


rather than 
the spectral 
emissions of the 
products of com- 
bustion. Due to the 
use of visible light 
for flame detection, their 
performance can be affected 
adversely by ambient lighting 
conditions. 

Selecting a flame detector 

After identifying the fuel source of the fire 
to be detected, review the performance 
standards with NRTL (Nationally Recognized 
Testing Laboratory) verification. Specifically, in 
Europe the performance standard for optical 
1 flame detectors is EN54-10 'Flame Detection - 
| Point Detectors,' or ANSI FM 3260 in the USA. 

The standard test fuel in most standards is 
n-Heptane. But because that might not be the fuel 
in your hazard, confirm that the selected detector 
will see the hazard in a specific application. The 
detector manufacturer should provide documented, 
third-party verification for cones of vision, size, and 
response times to various fuels. 

Maintenance: Because flame detectors are opti- 
cal devices, they depend on the cleanliness of their 
lenses, which can be obscured by insects, ice, oil 
mists, and other environmental contaminants. Many 
detectors have optical integrity tests that verify the 
lens cleanliness and signal failure. Some contami- 
nants can be handled by detector innovations, such 
as heaters to displace rain and ice. In addition, some 
manufacturers provide built-in calibrated test lamps 
so you are assured they are operating correctly. 

Field of View: Many manufacturers claim various 
cones of vision from 120° to 90° and maximum on 
axis distances now beyond 200ft. The US and 
European standards both define the off-axis limit to 
be where 50% of the on-axis detection capability is 
lost. See figure 2 for an example cone of vision. 

Gas-detection principles 

Gas detection may measure several characteristics 
of gases, for example toxicity or flammability. To 
detect a particular gas successfully requires deter- 
mining a unique attribute for the target gas that 
can be sensed and measured. 

• Flammable gases are measured as a percentage 
of their Lower Explosive/Flammable Limit 
(LEL/LFL). For example, Methane LEL is 5% in air. 
Toxic gas detectors in general are measured in 
parts per million (ppm). 

• Hydrocarbon gases can be detected either by 
their combustibility or IR absorption properties. 

• Toxic gases are more difficult to detect due to their 
various chemistries and unique characteristics. The 
primary toxic sensor technologies used are solid 
state and electro-chemical, although there are 
emerging technologies that use optical sensors. 

Gas detection technology 

Catalytic/Combustible Gas Sensors (CGS) 

This is an old and trusted detection method that 
uses two platinum sensors, one of which is exposed 


40 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



FIRE 


Optical Beam Smoke Detectors 


FIRE 

FIGHTING 

ENTERPRISES 

9 Hunting Gate, Hitchin 
Hertfordshire SG4 OTJ, U.K. 

T +44 (0) 845 402 4242 
F +44 (0) 845 402 4201 
E sales@ffeuk.com 
W www.ffeuk.com 


Low cost protection of large areas 
Very low maintenance 
Quick and Easy Installation 
Over 600,000 installations 
Variety of models for all applications 


- The leading light 
in smoke detectors 



The International 


FIRE TRAINING LEADER 


TEEX trains emergency response personnel from more 
than 30 countries each year. Each course can be tailored to 
meet your exact needs in a variety of areas: 

• Industrial / structural firefighting 

• Marine firefighting and spill response 

• Hazardous materials response 

• Weapons of mass destruction response 

• Emergency medical services 

• Search and rescue 

• Incident management 

• Aircraft rescue and firefighting 

• Incident command 

Visit our Web site www.teex.com/esti or call 1 .866.878.8900 to 
schedule courses today. 


Engineering Extension Service 

A Member of The Texas A&M University System 


TRAIN • SERVE 1 RESPOND 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


41 





FLAME DETECTION 


NOT ALL HAZARDS ARE THE SAME 


Eclipse IR gas detector 



Selecting a gas detector 

After identifying the gas to be 
detected, review performance 
standards and certifications, 
look at maintenance issues, 
and determine interface 
requirements (covered in the 
next section). 

Optical-based gas detec- 
tors generally require a bump 
test (using a target gas on 
the detector to produce a 
reading). Catalytic/toxics and 
semi-conductors require frequent 
calibrations and gain adjustments 
due to sensor depletion. The cali- 
bration frequency is driven by the level 
of background gas and/or environmental 
conditions that may affect sensor life. 


to the environment. The active sensor makes a 
destructive measurement of a flammable gas. This 
measurement is created by the burning of the 
target gas on the exposed sensor. This burning 
causes a change in resistance, which is compared to 
the sealed/reference sensor this then indicates the 
level of flammable gas present. 

The drawback is that this burning also destroys 
the sensor. In time, the sensor burns out. Hence 
CGS devices require frequent testing and calibration 
to adjust the gain as the sensor is depleted. The 
failure modes of a CGS device are not self revealing. 
In the presence in 100% LEL gas the sensor will go 
full range and then zero as the sensor burns out. 
CGS is used to detect hydrocarbons and hydrogen 
gases. 

Point IR Detectors (PIR) 

This newer technology depends on the hydrocarbon 
bonds within the flammable gas absorbing IR 
energy. This absorption is then temperature com- 
pensated and adjusted for the target gas to give a 
% LEL reading. These detectors have failure modes 
(loss of emitter) that are easier to detect than those 
for the CGS detectors. 

Open Path Gas Detection (OPGD) 

This technology uses the same principal as the PIR, 
but the distance between the transmitter (IR source) 
and receiver can be over 100m apart. Most of these 
detectors are ranged 0-5LELm. The total amount of 
gas in the path is measured. The detector cannot 
discriminate between a large cloud of low concen- 
tration gas and a small cloud of high concentration 
gas. 

Ultra-Sonic 

This emerging technology uses microphones to 
detect high-pressure gas leaks by their acoustic 
signature. Ultrasonic detection is not dependent 
upon the gas cloud being transported to a sensor. 
The measurement is leak or no leak. 

Electro-chemical (EC) 

This technology is used primarily for toxic gas 
detection. Each gas has a specific EC cell chemistry. 
However many EC cells are cross sensitive and may 
respond to other gases. These sensors have several 
wear-out mechanisms - drying due to desiccation 
by the ambient conditions, and electrolyte 
depletion. 

Semi Conductor 

This technology is primarily used for toxic gas detec- 
tion and especially H2S. It has the advantage that it 
can be used in arid conditions where EC cells would 
quickly dry out. 


Detector interfaces 

There are three primary methods by which detectors 
can be connected to a control or fire-alarm system: 

1 Contact signal is the generic interface as recog- 
nized by the National Fire Alarm Code (USA) for 
flame detectors. Gas detectors may have contacts 
that can be set at specific alarm levels. 

2 4-20mA signal may be used if the fire alarm sys- 
tem and the flame detector are listed together for 
code compliancy. It should be noted that the 
4-20mA is not like a process variable. It is a stepped 
output that indicates the status of the detector, 
such as faults and processing status. For gas this 
is the best interface as the value can be trended 
so gas levels across a facility can be reviewed. 

3 Addressable - this is similar to fieldbus - however 
these are generally proprietary interfaces, due to 
code compliance. Addressable systems offer the 
greatest amount of information about the health 
and status of a detector. 

Other considerations for 'detectability' 

Unlike process devices that have direct contact with 
the process and the property to be measured/ 
sensed, flame and gas detectors are non-contacting. 
This indirect sensing creates issues that must be 
addressed for successful detection. 

Flame detectors are optical devices and need an 
unobstructed view to the hazard. Positioning of 
flame detectors requires several performance 
definitions: hazard type, distance to hazard, size of 
hazard, and required response time. From these 
parameters, a technology can be selected and posi- 
tioning performed, to ensure the required level of 
protection is attained, and false-alarm sources are 
kept out of the field of view. Flame detectors 
cannot tell if they have been obstructed, for 
example if scaffolding is obstructing their field of 
view. Hence it is important to visually verify the 
aiming and field of view of flame detectors. 

Similarly for gas detection - the performance 
definitions are gas type and response time. Position- 
ing of gas detectors depends on air-flow patterns 
and specific gravity of the target gas. For example, if 
the gas is lighter than air, the gas will rise; if heavier 
than air the gas sinks to ground. Gas detector 
placement is more art than science in many situa- 
tions. Gas detectors (non acoustic) require that the 
target gas reach the detector i.e. are dependent 
upon a transport mechanism 

There are many optical and transport mecha- 
nisms that need careful consideration when locating 
flame and or gas detectors, and may require 
modeling to help determine the optimal locati on of 
the detectors. EEQ 


42 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


about 



eyc-dp smoke alarm 


* % * * * .i- 

/*- * 

i 

t i 

'/I 

I 


■ - ' 



; * .% 
*■. ♦> 


* A- 4f 


Are you getting hot under the collar 
every time your smoke alarm reacts to 
steam? 

With the EVC-DP Conventional Dual 
Optical Detector from Nittan, your guests 
can enjoy a relaxing, peaceful shower 
‘with as much steam as they like. 

That’s because our revolutionary smoke 
detector has been designed using 
Nittan’s award winning Dual Optical 
Technology which reduces false alarms 
caused by non-combustible products 
such as steam, dust and aerosols. 

•Nov\/ you can enjoy all the benefits 
of Dual Optical Technology in a 
Conventional system for the very first 
( time, thanks to the newly available 
EVC-DP smoke detector. 


• Low profile, 
modern appearance 

• Low monitoring current 

• Patented OMNIVIEW™ 360° LED 
fire alarm indicator 

• Remote indicator output 

• Non-polarised terminals 


• Dual optical version 

• Backward compatible with 
STB-4 Base 

• evc-dp- designed to minimise 
false alarms caused by steam 


Tel: +44 (O) 1483 769555 

email: sales@nittan.co.uk • www.nittan.co.uk 



NITTAN 


TASK FORCE TIPS, INC. 



2800 East Evans Avenue , Valparaiso , IN 46383-6940 USA 
International +1 .219.548.4000 • www.tft.com • intsales@tft.com 



1 


BLimiRI 


f 


' . 


Blitzfire Personal Portable Monitor 

Angled inlet and outlet allows ultimate versatility 
from this compact 1 900 l/min attack monitor. 




Maximum Safety 

Blitzfire, an interior as well as exterior attack 
monitor, delivers 1 900 l/min where it is needed. 


Lightweight & Portable 

Ideal for Hi-Rise packs, Blitzfire's unique SafeTak 
II automatic safety shutoff provides complete 
firefighter control and protection. 


Blitzfire Oscillating Monitor 

Combined with the Safe-Tak II Automatic Safety Shutoff, the 1900 l/min rated flow, the Low 10° Attack Angle and 
the Integrated Slide Valve for Total Nozzleman Flow Control, the Oscillating Blitzfire package is your best value. 


Blitzfire Package XXC-52 

Includes the 1900 l/min Blitzfire monitor with 
inlet and outlets that you specify, a storage 
bracket, a Max-Series automatic or fixed 
gallonage nozzle, a 3-stacked tip and a built- 
in stream straightener. 


Other Packages are Available. 

Contact Your Local TFT Dealer and request 
a Demonstration today. 




AUSTRALIA 

Gaam Emergency Products-AU 
Phone: 61394661244 
Fax : 61394664743 
iprice@tycoint.com 
www.gaam.com.au 

CHINA 

Shanghai Jin De Industry 
Phone: 862136050599 
Fax: 862136055599 
sjinde@163.com 
www.sjinde.com 

HONG KONG 

Rotter International Ltd. 

Phone: 85227517770 
Fax: 85227562051 
jacky@rotter.com.hk 
www.rotterbiz.com 

INDONESIA 

Pt Palmas Entraco 
Phone: 6221384 1681 
Fax: 6221380 2660 
sales@palmas.co.id 


■ * 


JAPAN 

Yone Corporation 
Phone: 81758211185 
Fax: 81758012263 
t.yone@myad.jp 
www.yone-co.co.jp 

MALAYSIA 

CME Technologies SDN BHD 
Phone: 60356331188 
Fax: 60356343838 
khairi@cme.com. my 
www.cme.com.my 

NEW ZEALAND 

Tyco Safety Products 
Phone: 6445608127 
Fax: 6498270844 
tsp.sales.nz@tycoint.com 
www.tycoservices.co.nz 


PHILIPPINES 

Alliance Industrial Sales 
Phone: 6328908818 
Fax: 6328960083 
alliance8Jcy@pacific.net.ph 


SINGAPORE 

S.K. Fire Pte. Ltd. 
Phone: 6568623155 
Fax : 6568620273 
houchin@skfire.com 
www.skfire.com 

SOUTH KOREA 

Shilla Fire Co., Ltd. 
Phone: 820236659011 
Fax: 820236639113 
kofire77@hotmail.com 
www.firekorea.com 

TAIWAN 

Yone Corporation 
Phone: 81758211185 
Fax: 81758012263 
t.yone@myad.jp 
www.yone-co.co.jp 

THAILAND 

Anti-fire Co., Ltd. 
Phone: 66 2 259-6898 
Fax: 66 2 258-2422 
sithichai@antifire.com 
www.antifire.com 


Low 10° Attack Angle 

When combined with TFT's unique slide valve, 
the Blitzfire's low 10° attack angle provides Total 
Nozzleman Flow Control in either manned or 
unmanned operations. 


For excellent quality fire fighting equipment visit www.tft.com 
and call your local distributor for a demonstration. 



TASK FORCE TIPS 


FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT 










Some firefighting 
situations demand the 
controlled strength of a 
master stream device like 
TFT's portable/deck gun 
monitor, the Crossfire. In 
the moments that solid, 
constant water supply is 
essential, devices such as 
this can deliver 4,500 I/m in 
(1250 gpm). Higher flow 
rates can mean increased 
reach, better penetration, 
and best overall use of 
limited staff power 


By Rod Carringer 

Task Force Tips, Inc. 


MONITORS 



Large Fires 
Require Large 
water and Foam 
Flows 

Fixed and Portable Monitors Offer 
Increased Fire Flow Capabilities Safely 

Many times the large volume of fire encountered by arriving crews quickly 
precludes the use of standard hand-held nozzles for initial attack. In these cases, 
the movement and accurate delivery of water or foam, as well as establishing a 
constant sustainable water supply, becomes critical to successful extinguishment 
and exposure protection operations. High flowing portable, fixed and remote 
controlled monitors provide the performance necessary to meet these high flow 
challenges, even when staffing is limited. 

F ires requiring large volumes of water or foam 
solution for suppression (high critical applica- 
tion rate) dictate the water supply and fire 
streams management operations from the moment 
the first apparatus arrives. If the fire has burnt past 
workers, or is generating more BTUs on the 
fire/time curve than the crew can deal with, 
adding more hand-held lines may provide little or 
no suppression success. Though the use of pre- 
plumbed monitor on apparatus and lightweight 


portable monitors may be rare in many jurisdic- 
tions due to the inability to supply an adequate 
sustained fire flow, their tactical versatility cannot 
be overlooked. 

Often considered strictly a defensive tool for 
those large exterior attacks, pre-plumbed master 
stream devices and smaller portable monitors can 
be an effective initial attack option when staffing 
on the apparatus is limited and the volume of fire 
upon arrival is substantial. Even with the limits of 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


45 


LARGE FIRES REQUIRE LARGE WATER AND FOAM FLOWS 


MONITORS 


Portable monitors , such 
as TFT's patent pending 
Blitzfire, are specially 
designed to go 
anywhere a handline 
goes , yet boast flows 
of up to 2000 I /min 
(500 gpm). Protective 
features , such as the 
Blitzfire Safety Shut Off 
Valve , are the small 
considerations that can 
pay off in a big way 
when a crew's attention 
is focused on the flames 



working from the apparatus water tank, placing a 
heavy stream from a fixed or portable monitor for 
60 seconds directly into the fire's volume can 
sufficiently darken it down, so hand-held nozzles 
can be deployed for final suppression. All of this 
can be accomplished successfully using only the 
water on the first arriving apparatus. This sort of 
"Blitz" Attack is an ideal tool for agencies that 
struggle with limited staffing, yet must manage 
ever-increasing fires. 

Keeping in mind the additional water supply 
requirements, the use of portable monitors and 
apparatus mounted master stream devices can 
provide some of the following benefits: 

• Higher initial attack fire flows and increased 
stream reach can offer improved fire fighter 
protection by allowing crews to work in more 
tenable atmospheres while providing higher fire 
knockdown potential 

• In limited staffing situations, higher fire flows 
can safely be provided with minimal personnel. 
Evaluating fire flow performance, typically more 
gallons per minute per person can be delivered 
than with any combination of hand-held 
nozzles. 

• A single line put in service with a portable 
monitor can deliver from 2000 l/min (500gpm) 
up to 4500 l/min (1250gpm), providing a wider 
range of options to meet changing fire ground 
conditions. The new lightweight features of the 
portable monitors offer quick deployment and 
the ability to better utilize pump capacity and 
available water supply during initial attacks. 
Faster fire extinguishment translates to an 
overall reduction in the stress level of initial 
attack personnel. 

• A single larger "Blitz" line can be as effective as 
up to 5 hand-held nozzles with hose and 
support. This can amount to a large savings in 
time and human resources. 

• Higher flow rates from fixed, remote and 
portable monitors provide increased reach 
and penetration over hand-held nozzles. 


• The high flow devices can support a more 
effective allocation of personnel resources on 
the fire scene and allow the first arriving 
apparatus more tactical versatility. 

• Portable monitors can provide unparalleled 
safety in hazardous material and vapor mitiga- 
tion procedures, exposure protection, and high 
flow foam applications with self-educting 
master stream nozzles. 

• The "scale up" feature of starting with a single 
supply line into a portable monitor followed by 
a second line, allows the device to be used for 
a quick initial attack, or upgraded to a larger 
defensive operation as required by the fire 
ground commander. 

Once you have integrated the use of the master 
stream into your initial attack operations, the only 
way to feel comfortable operating these high 
flowing devices, especially when the water tank 
on the apparatus is your primary supply, is to 
practice and understand the capabilities of the 
equipment and how to properly deliver capacity to 
the seat of the fire. 

Even with the previously noted benefits of using 
high flow portable or truck mounted appliances, 
successful suppression strategies often fail due to 
some of the following reasons: 

• Lack of training will always affect the proce- 
dures used in proper deployment, placement, 
advancement, and operation of attack lines. 

• Though smaller supply lines are flexible and 
mobile, their flow capacity is limited. The use of 
large diameter hose will provide higher flows, 
but will restrict advancement of the line after 
flow has been initiated. 



Master Stream operations can now take place 
remotely allowing limited staff to maximize 
their performance safely These remote 
controlled monitors allow firefighters to 
control the stream from the pump panel or 
anywhere on the fire scene using radio 
frequency controls 


46 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 




Step Up to Electronic 
Remote-Controlled Monitors 

Protect Your Facility, Product and People. 

Designed for use by petrochemical refineries, transporters and processors, 
these fully-customizable, advanced electronic systems are safer 
and more reliable than manual monitors. 



Clients around the world have trusted Elkhart Brass for fire fighting equipment for over a century. Now Elkhart 
Brass offers you advanced - electronic -remote-controlled monitor systems for industrial fixed installations. 


You can depend on Elkhart Brass as your one source to take care of everything -from consultative design through 
manufacturing, programming, certification, commissioning, testing and for after-sales support through our world- 
wide distributor network. 


Elkhart Brass 


Bringing you innovative systems 
to meet your individual needs - 
on schedule and on budget. 



To upgrade to our electronic remote- 
controlled monitor systems, call us at 
1-574-295-8330 or 1-800-346-0250. 
www.elkhartbrass.com 


Elkhart Brass 

Fire Fighting Equipment 


The Most Experienced Manufacturer of Fire Fighting Equipment 

Elkhart Brass Mfg. Co., Inc. I 1-574-295-8330 I 1-800-346-0250 I www.elkhartbrass.com 




LARGE FIRES REQUIRE LARGE WATER AND FOAM FLOWS 


MONITORS 


Small monitors , like Task 
Force Tip's new Blitz 
Lite , can deliver up to 
2000 l/min (500 gpm). 
Faster knockdown easily 
translates into reduced 
stress on attack 
personnel. When 
storage space , big water, 
and easy deployment 
are concerns , the new 
line of compact hard- 
hitting monitors like 
TFT's Blitzlite are the 
answer 


Rod Carringer is the Vice 
President of Sales and 
Marketing for Task Force Tips. 
For the past twenty-one years 
Rod has had direct oversight 
of all aspects of distribution 
including field education of 
fire service professionals, 
management of distribution 
partners, over a dozen TFT 
field representatives, and an 
active marketing team. As a 
32-year volunteer member of 
Coolspring and Center 
Township Fire Departments in 
LaPorte, Indiana, Rod 
performs research and 
development, training and 
active firefighting duties 
daily. As past Chief of 
Operations his experience in 
suppression activities allows 
him to serve as a State of 
Indiana Instructor, and as co- 
founder of the Duneland Fire 
School Committee in 
Northwest Indiana. As a past 
member of the Fire and 
Emergency manufacturing 
and Services Association 
Board of Directors, he 
remains active in national 
association activities and 
legislative initiatives that 
support the US Fire Service. 
Rod's background and 
continued activities as a 
structural firefighter allow 
him to gain tremendous input 
from fire agencies around the 
world. This information is 
utilized in TFT's New Product 
Development Team, the 
Strategic Planning Group, 
and the Marketing Group's 
direction as TFT seeks new 
techniques and products to 
make the stressful job of fire 
suppression faster and safer. 



• As the smaller attack lines are typically the first 
ones deployed on most fires, common belief is 
that the application of high flows and the use 
of associated equipment are either unnecessary 
or unwise. Many times this assumption is 
correct. Yet, for the small percentage of fires 
that cause the largest dollar losses, low flowing 
hand-held nozzles are often proven ineffective 
as the move is inevitably made to defensive 
operations. 

• Improper or inadequate training on this type of 
initial attack can result in extreme water usage 
and potential weakening of the fire structure. 

• The choice of supply line to a portable monitor 
will, in some manner, affect its use. Smaller 
line, limited water delivery but maximum 
maneuverability, larger line, unlimited flow 
capabilities, but it stays where it is laid. 

• And finally, there remains the perception 
that these devices are strictly for defensive 
firefighting operations. 

The next issue when using a pre-plumbed 
master stream device is Safety. Climbing nearly ten 
feet up the side of an apparatus, walking across a 
slippery hose bed, and standing in a storage area 
with loose equipment is not a great idea even 
under the best conditions. Add cold or freezing 
temperatures, darkness, and the level of adrena- 
line the first arriving crew has, and you have a 
recipe for someone falling from the apparatus and 
sustaining a career ending injury. 

So the next question is: "How do you follow 
the recommendations of apparatus manufacturers 
and keep the firefighter's feet on the ground?" 
This can be simply accomplished by considering 
remote control operations of the apparatus' fixed 
monitor. Remote control monitors can quickly 
provide a heavy attack stream with only the touch 
of a button. With either radio frequency remote 
controls, or a panel mounted control station, the 
operator now can operate the gun remotely, 
taking advantage of the best view of the fire. All 
of this can be done safely without anyone 


climbing to the top of the truck, as well as freeing 
that firefighter to accomplish other important 
duties. 

The need for higher flows in foam operations is 
also a consideration when reviewing fire streams 
management capabilities. Even at the local level, 
pre-planning for a department's response to a 
domestic terrorism incident continues to take on 
importance of dramatic proportions. Certainly, in 
our free and open society, there is no way that we 
can identify all aspects or potential threats of a 
terrorist act, but many of the scenarios rely on 
a department's ability to provide large, uninter- 
rupted supplies of water or foam for sustained 
periods of time. 

Untold opportunities for potential domestic 
terrorism involve flammable or poisonous liquids in 
both fixed storage and processing facilities, being 
transported via rail tank cars, in over-the-road 
tankers, or moving through jurisdictions in under- 
ground pipelines. As many fire departments are 
under-equipped and often inadequately trained to 
supply sufficient foam firefighting streams, many 
agencies have chosen the flexibility of having a 
self-educting foam nozzle that can be used on the 
deck gun of an apparatus, or portably on a small 
monitor. Having a simple, reliable delivery system 
and an adequate supply of foam concentrate can 
help any department improve its overall response 
capability to high hazard locations. 

Finally, by initiating an aggressive attack utilizing 
a pre-piped master stream device or a portable 
pre-connected monitor, you can attack the fire 
using your total capabilities. As long as the device 
and stream are carefully and accurately placed, 
and personnel operating the devices are mindful 
of the method of attack being used, the results 
will typically be successful. If, on the other hand, 
all components of your high flow initial attack 
were initiated properly and the fire still surpassed 
your ability to suppress it, there was probably little 
else you could have done. 

Remember - Big Fire = BIG WATER EES 


48 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 




AQUIS FOAM PROPORTIONER 



The Aquis™ Foam Proportioner from Waterous delivers a level of performance and reliability typically reserved for more 
expensive Class A foam proportioners. Available in two sizes (2.5 and 1.5) to fit your needs, Aquis features a non- 
corroding brass body pump as well as sensors that measure water temperature and water flow to create the ideal water 
to concentrate ratio for superior foam. Dollar for dollar and feature for feature, there’s no doubting that Aquis is the 
finest foam proportioner on earth. To learn more, call (07) 5522 8930 or email bcoe@waterousco.com.au. 


INTUITVE OPERATOR PANEL 

Manufactured with chrome plated cast 
aluminum, long life buttons and UV stable 
polycarbonate overlay labeling. 


DURABLE FLOWMETER 

Features a super accurate, stainless steel 
paddlewheel with stainless steel bearings 
and carbide axle. 


POWERHOUSE PUMP 

The AQUIS 2.5 is equipped with a 1/2 
hp or the 1 .5 with a 1 /3 hp, 1 2-volt 
or 24-volt electric foam concentrate 
pump motor. 


WATEROUS 


SINCE 

1886 



WATEROUS COMPANY 
REGISTERED TO ISO 9001 
FILE A61 10 



FIRE ALARMS 


Specifying Fire 



By Peter J. Ebersold 
and Trista A. Budd 

Honeywell 


A typical fire alarm system has a life expectancy of ten to twenty years; therefore 
selecting a fire alarm system for a property is a decision with long-term 
significance. The life of the fire alarm system in a particular facility begins once 
the system installation is completed, accepted by the building owner, and 
approved by the local authority having jurisdiction (AHJ). Since the system life 
span is at least ten years, many factors must be considered when specifying a 
fire alarm system that will best meet that facility's needs. 


Building Type and Usage 

T he importance of each factor when specifying 
a fire alarm system varies depending on the 
type of property that the system is protecting. 
For example, a system that is appropriate for a 
warehouse that is unoccupied most of the time is 
most likely not the ideal system for a luxury, high 
rise hotel or a residence hall at a university. Key to 
successful fire alarm system design is knowing the 
building usage as well as occupancy levels and 
occupancy schedule. The facility type will drive the 
fire system requirements for life safety, critical asset 
protection, general property protection as well as 
potential detection environment challenges. 

Detectors versus Sensors 

Detectors were the predecessors of sensors and for 
many years only detectors existed. A detector has all 
the processing logic built into the device electronics 
to make the decision about a fire condition. A 
detector makes the fire decision and communicates 
the decision to the fire alarm panel. A sensor on the 
other hand, is a sampling point measuring ambient 
conditions and reporting those conditions back to 


the fire alarm panel. The fire alarm panel then 
makes the decision whether the conditions reported 
by the sensor represent a fire alarm based upon 
pre-programmed algorithms in the panel. 

Sensors brought many advantages not available 
from detectors into fire alarm systems; the most 
significant being sensitivity adjustment by point. Each 
sensor can have a customized level based upon the 
environment in which it was installed. This can result 
in a significant improvement in the level of life safety 
and a reduction of nuisance alarms in buildings. 

Another important feature introduced by sensors 
is drift compensation, where the alarm values are 
slowly adjusted by the fire alarm panel software 
according to the average chamber value of the 
sensor. This is used to measure and adjust for 
the sensor chamber becoming dirty and to send a 
signal to the panel when a sensor needs cleaning. 
Sensors also initiated sensitivity levels selectable by 
the time-of-day and day-of-week. Sensors can 
become more sensitive during hours buildings are 
not normally occupied and less sensitive during 
hours of occupation. This can also reduce nuisance 
alarms while creating quicker response to fires when 


50 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



SPECIFYING FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS 


FIRE ALARMS 


Alarm Systems 


the buildings are not occupied. 

The bottom line is there are significant differ- 
ences in detectors versus sensors for designers and 
facility owners. Understanding the differences is 
important to the design, installation, programming 
and operation of the fire system. 

Specialty Sensors 

Until recently, the choice when considering the 
selection of fire detectors for a facility was limited to 
single type detectors. A particular detection tech- 
nology would be utilised either to detect the most 
likely fire scenario, or it would be chosen because 
other detector types could not be installed because 
of environmental conditions that cause false alarms 
such as dust and high humidity. 

Where the fire detection system requires either 
advanced sensing or has problems with false alarms 
from a single sensor in specific situations, then a 
multi-criteria, multi-sensor is the preferred device. 
The combination of multiple sensing elements offers 
the highest performance practical with today's 
technology for use in facilities that are high risk or 
have a high cost of down-time. In these applica- 
tions, the slightly higher increased cost of such 
detection products is worthwhile due to the lower 
cost of downtime and business disruption caused by 
false alarms. 

One example of multiple criteria sensing is the 
combination of smoke and heat in a single device. 
The fire panel responds to the heat element 
differently than the smoke element. This function is 
useful in cases where the response is different to a 
smoke alarm versus a heat alarm. A prime applica- 
tion is hospitality - hotels and motels where guests 
may be smoking in their rooms. The smoke element 
can be set as a pre-alarm, where a signal can be 
transmitted to the front desk to send people to 
investigate, without sounding the general alarm and 
avoid disturbing the other guests. At the same time, 
by the use of a sounder base on the smoke sensor, 
a local alarm in the specific room can be sounded. 
However, unless the temperature in the room rises 
sufficiently to activate the heat element, the general 
alarm is not sounded. 

Another multiple sensor detection device now 
available is a combination Carbon Monoxide, 
Photo-Thermal, Infrared analogue addressable 
detector. This device offers advanced user con- 
figurable sensing, with a unique combination of 
detection technologies. The resulting benefits are 
unsurpassed nuisance alarm immunity and rapid 
response times for most types of fires, including 
'fast flaming'. These new technologies of multi- 
criteria sensing are changing the concepts of how 
fire alarm systems are designed, making them more 
powerful and more responsive. 

Stakeholders in Fire System Decision 

There are many stakeholders involved in the 
decision making process that goes into specifying a 
fire alarm system. Among the stakeholders are the 
building owner or his facility manager or building 
engineer, the general or electrical contractor who is 
building or renovating a structure, the fire alarm 
manufacturer's branch office or local authorized 
distributor, an Architecture and Engineering firm, a 
Fire Protection Engineering (FPE) consultant, and the 
local AHJ. Each of these groups may have various 



priorities and concerns which may impact the 
schedule or cost. 

At a minimum, the building owner always wants 
a system that will meet either a local fire code or a 
national or internationally recognized code that is 
acceptable to the AHJ. Since a building owner is 
generally not an expert in fire alarm or life safety 
systems, they often rely on the expertise of outside 
personnel to make certain that the system meets 
local codes and their unique needs. Some building 
owners, particularly those who have high value 
properties such as Class A office space, residential 
buildings, or high risk facilities such as airports, 
petrochemical refineries, or semiconductor manu- 
facturing plants may be willing to spend more 
money for leading edge technology that improves 
false alarm immunity, decreases the time between 
detection of a fire and sounding the alarm or adds 
functionality that is not required by code. As an 
example, a building owner may request a voice 
evacuation system to instruct building occupants 
during an emergency even though the local code 
does not require a voice evacuation system for that 
occupancy. It is only after a building owner has lived 
with a fire alarm system for a few years that they 
completely understand the benefits and potential 
limitations of the system. However, if the building 
owner stays involved with all aspects of the fire 
alarm system discussion, bid and installation 
process, they are most likely to get the system that 
best fits their facilities' needs. 

The general contactor or electrical contractor is 
focused on finishing the project within a specific 
schedule. Their goal is to minimize schedule 
impacts. A more complicated fire alarm system with 
special requirements will generally take more time 
to install or test. Having the contractor understand a 
system's complexity and special installation require- 
ments will give them a better idea of how long the 
installation will take. 

Building owners with large, complicated projects 
or special requirements will often hire an indepen- 
dent Fire Protection Engineering (FPE) consulting 
firm to recommend or design a fire alarm system. 
The FPE firm may interview fire alarm vendors 
and/or their local authorized distributor about their 
capabilities for a project. The FPE firm will then 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


51 


FIRE ALARMS 


SPECIFYING FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS 



recommend a particular manufacturer's system to 
the client or the FPE will prepare a bid specification 
that the building owner can use to solicit distribu- 
tors for an installation and test. 

An architect is often concerned with the aesthetics 
of a system. These aesthetics can include the appear- 
ance of the notification appliances, whether the 
smoke or heat detectors will detract from the room's 
appearance, the placement of the fire alarm control 
panel and its visibility to the building tenants. 

The AHJ requires that the system meets appro- 
priate codes, however they may have their own 
unique requirements that factor in the local 
differences such as extended battery backup for 
areas where power outages or severe weather are 
common. When the stakeholders have all agreed on 
the system requirements, the fire alarm specification 
can go out to bid or be awarded to the fire alarm 
distributor for installation, testing and acceptance. 
A well designed system will install quickly. It also 
builds credibility for all involved that the design 
considered all system requirements. 

Total Life Cycle Cost 

Another important consideration in the fire alarm 
system selection process for any building owner or 
facility manager is the total life cycle cost of a 
system. While the initial system hardware and 
installation costs are important in determining who 
to award a system installation contract to, the 
annual recurring cost for inspections, testing and 
normal maintenance are also important. Service 
and maintenance costs over a five to ten year period 
can be more than the initial installation expense. To 
better understand annual recurring costs, the build- 
ing owner should require that each potential bidder 
or installer include a service agreement for a defined 
period of years as part of the bid package. Service 
agreement components to consider include the 
following: yearly test and inspection, written reports 
completed after each maintenance visit that outlines 
exactly the services performed and coverage for 
routine maintenance such as smoke detector 
cleaning and spare parts once the manufacturer's 
warranty expires. Another important factor is 


whether after hours visits are covered or if additional 
charges for work after normal business hours are 
incurred. By reviewing annual costs before the 
system installation contract is awarded, the building 
owner can understand what the true life cycle cost 
is for a particular manufacturer's system. Depending 
on a facility's budget structure, it may be easier to 
justify a higher up-front cost rather than a signifi- 
cant annual maintenance expense. 

Other key questions that a building owner should 
research include: 

- Are smoke detectors, remote annunciators, etc., 
backward compatible? 

- How long has the proposed system been on the 
market? 

- Are references available for similar type projects? 

- Are their multiple sources of spare parts in a 
particular city or region? 

- Is the fire alarm manufacturer willing to train the 
building owner's representative on fire alarm system 
operation? What is the cost of a training class? 

- Is the fire alarm system non-proprietary? 

In a non-proprietary system, where the manu- 
facturer will share the password with the system 
owner, the building owner may be able to choose 
between several service providers. This is a winning 
situation for the building owner as a means to keep 
their service costs reasonable. In addition, it gives 
the local branch or distributor the incentive to 
service that account well. 

Summary 

A fire alarm system is an essential element of any 
new construction or retrofit project. While the fire 
alarm system is not obvious in the same way a roof, 
walls, windows or elevators are, it is critical to the 
safety of the building's tenants, visitors and service 
personnel. Cooperation between the different 
groups involved in the design, specification, bidding, 
installation and inspection of a fire alarm system is 
vital to a well designed, trouble-free installation that 
will function properly over many years. The peace of 
mind that the building owner receives knowing they 
have the best fire alarm system they could b uy is 
priceless. E333 


52 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



ONYX FirstVision™ is a revolutionary 
wayfinding touch screen for firefighters 
only from NOTIFIER. 

With ONYX FirstVision firefighters can pinpoint 
the origin and migration of a fire right from 
the building's lobby. 

By displaying active smoke detectors, haz- 
ardous materials locations, and other infor- 
mation overlaid on the building's floor plan, 
ONYX FirstVision gives firefighters an accu- 
rate, real-time view of the situation. 

Using ONYX FirstVision, firefighters and emer- 
gency responders can make fast, effective 
and well-informed decisions that can reduce 
property loss and save lives. Take your fire 
alarm system to the next level. 

ONYX FirstVision is the latest breakthrough 
from NOTIFIER. Leaders in Life. Safety. 
Technology. 


(^) NOTIFIER* 

by Honeywell 

866 - 491-5804 

www.notifier.com 



The intelligent early warning system for fires. 


SecuriPro® - the modular fire alarm system 


Securiton AG, Alarm and Security Systems 
www.securiton.eu, info@securiton.eu 

Securiton RUS 

www.securiton.ru, info@securiton.ru 

Securiton Representative Office Malaysia 
www.securiton.eu, asia@securiton.com. my 

A company of the Swiss Securitas Group 


SECURITON 

For your safety 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


53 





Smoke and darkness can conceal secrets. 



Discover them with the Drager UCF® 1600 and Drager UCF® 3200 



The dark may hide many secrets but it can never hide the heat left over from 
the day or from a hiding fire. Being able to see heat enables you to not only 
find your way around, but to find your objectives: the fire and the people that 
need to be rescued. To help you stay focused in the dark, Drager Safety intro- 
duces the new Drager UCF® 1 600 and Drager UCF® 3200 thermal imaging 
cameras. You can shake them, drop them, bang them and they still keep on 
going. So that you will never lose your bearings. 


PIONEERING SOLUTIONS » 

Dragersafety 

Detection 

Personal Protection 

Diving Technology 

System Technology 

Services 





www.draeger.com 






SCBA 


Pic courtesy of Draeger 



By Gerd Pearson 

Draeger Safety UK 
Limited 


Taking a Modular 
Approach to SCBA 

With more "whistles and bells" than ever before, modern day self-contained 
breathing apparatus (SCBA) is no longer a device that "simply" allows someone 
to breathe. Instead, it now plays an integral role in the safety of firefighters by 
offering better protection than ever before and transmitting vital data to their 
colleagues about real-time operational conditions as well as their own individual 
status. However, not every situation requires the same breathing apparatus 
functionality and how can something so technically advanced be designed to 
suit the needs of every application? The answer lies in one word, "modularity". 


I n fact, the overall safety of professional firefighters 
has taken on a whole new meaning with the 
development of innovative modular systems that 
can be quickly and easily adapted to suit a particular 
"shout". Placing the emphasis on usability, perfor- 
mance and comfort, these new systems can be 
linked together to meet the exact needs of today's 
firefighters - as well as their needs for tomorrow. 

For the first time harnesses, face masks, helmets, 
communications and telemetry can be selected to 
offer the utmost protection against specific hazards 
and/or exceptional circumstances. In addition, the 
effortless assembly and disassembly of each of the 
major components means that not only can the BA 
be configured rapidly, but easy care and main- 
tenance will guarantee quick turnaround times in 
the workshop and, as a result, ensure that the 
breathing apparatus is always ready for use. 


The start of a revolution 

Back in 1990, in anticipation of the new PPE Direc- 
tive, EN137, Draeger Safety seized the opportunity to 
develop a new type of CABA. With the standard as a 
guide, the company made the decision not to simply 
amend existing sets but, instead, undertook extensive 
research to find out exactly what firefighters needed. 
As a result, Draeger has been able to revolutionise 
the design and effectiveness of BA way beyond the 
basic requirements and lead the way, technologically, 
well into the future. 

For instance, the burden of weight on the back is 
something that every firefighter has to contend 
with. Following studies with the Rotterdam Fire 
Brigade to determine the most effective method of 
weight distribution and body mounting of BA sets, 
Draeger found that it was able to significantly 
reduce the likelihood of back injuries by minimising 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


55 



www.lw.com.sg 


BREATHING AIR COMPRESSORS 
FOR PROFESSIONAL FIREFIGHTING 

From 100 to 1300 l/min up to 420 bar 





Fire truck with LW 1300 and accessories 



L&W Compressors ♦ Systems Pie Ltd 

5 Tank Road, *02-02, 238061 Singapore 
Tel *65 6732 1178, Fax: 465 6732 1176 
fwe@Nvcom.sfl, nvwwlw.com.sg 


the stress on the body. In Addition, following careful consideration of a study of anthro- 
pometries, Draeger also added a height adjustment feature to the backplate. 

Recognising that BA is worn in dynamic applications where firefighters are required to 
move, bend and stretch, a sliding/pivoting waistbelt was introduced to ensure free move- 
ment and allow for up to 80mm of spinal stretch. Knowing that, before anything else is 
taken into consideration, the average firefighter is required to carry 3 kilos of compressed 
air, Draeger also took the opportunity to reduce cylinder weight. Lighter than traditional 
versions, carbon composite cylinders were developed and are now available in a number 
of different formats and configurations to suit different requirements. (In fact Draeger is 
still the only breathing apparatus manufacturer to make its own carbon composite cylin- 
ders.) 

By the late 1990's, and still listening to its customers, Draeger launched the next phase 
of fully integrated CABA: electronic monitoring. This saw the introduction of the 
DraegerMan Bodyguard and, five years later in April 2002, the DraegerMan Bodyguard II. 

Easy to use with simple push-button controls to provide fast access to essential 
information, Bodyguard offers a host of previously separate warning and monitoring 
devices within a single instrument. 

For example, amongst other things, this advanced data storage unit can indicate how 
much air is left within the cylinder and, by calculating the current rate of consumption, 
will advise the firefighter how much time he or she has left. In addition, it can provide a 
temperature reading and act as a distress alarm if a firefighter becomes trapped. If a 
firefighter is unconscious and cannot move, it will, after a pre-determined time, sound an 
automatic alarm which is both visible and audible. 

The availability of electronic monitoring also brought about the dawn of telemetry. 
Developed by Draeger and launched as the first system of its kind, the PSS Merlin takes 
the guesswork out of entry control and accountability procedures and brings a new level 
of monitoring and protection to firefighting applications. 

Fast and accurate, it incorporates an entry control board, the DraegerMan Bodyguard 
and a portable radio unit attached to the firefighter's BA set. Using radio technology to 
continuously transmit and receive data from up to 12 individual firefighters simultaneously, 
this self-contained, state-of-the-art electronic system is able to remotely monitor their 
exact status and safety from outside the incident. Put simply, the Entry Control Officer 
(ECO) sees exactly what the firefighter sees in terms of Bodyguard information. 

Unlike traditional manual or semi-manual systems where the ECO knows the time of 
firefighter entry but can only estimate the time out, the PSS Merlin provides ECOs with a 
continuously updated supply of vital information. Enabling them to react immediately in 
an emergency, this also assists with the planning of relief teams. 

Meeting the requirements of TB1/97 and JCDD40, the PSS Merlin control board is based 
on the standard UK control board with additional electronic displays. Fully automatic and 
able to support rapid deployment procedures, it provides one continuous display channel 
for each firefighter simultaneously, with full manual back up if required. In addition to the 
time that the firefighter is due out (based on time remaining), up to six parameters can be 
seen by pressing the information button - the brigade can choose which parameters and 
the order in which they are shown. Data logging is also possible for post-incident analysis. 

An added bonus is that the radio acts as a complete slave to the Bodyguard which 
means that the firefighter can forget about it - there is no need to tune to the right 
channel or to press transmit or receive buttons. Repeaters can be used in circumstances 
where signal transmission may be impaired such as in underground tunnels. 

The latest developments 

Forming part of a revolutionary, complete system solution from Draeger Safety, the 
innovative Draeger PSS 7000 Breathing Apparatus (BA) has been developed by professionals 
for use in even the most hostile of environments. Modular in design, it can be easily and 
quickly configured to suit different operational requirements and provides seamless 
integration with facemasks, head protection and communications equipment. 

Easily upgraded to meet future needs, the Draeger PSS 7000 is the latest development 
in Draeger's ongoing commitment to the provision of world class breathing apparatus and 
incorporates tried and tested pneumatics as well as the most advanced materials. Bringing 
greater confidence to users by combining the very best ergonomics with reliability, 
durability and safety, it also offers easy care and maintenance. In addition, the Draeger 
PSS 7000 combines a wide range of features to maximise comfort and minimise both 
stress and fatigue, and is ideal for use with personal monitoring and/or telemetry systems. 

The new harness, for example, features advanced compression moulded comfortable 
padding that combines high temperature performance with exceptional wear resistance. 
A high grip, anti-slip surface ensures that the harness stays in position and the set remains 
secure on the body, whilst a quick release mechanism on both the waistbelt and shoulder 
harness allows quick and easy detachment for easy cleaning and maintenance. 

Adjustable and robust, the new heavy duty stainless steel strap buckles ensure long life 
and easy operation when donning and doffing, and the shoulder pads and waistbelt both 
feature a new quick release mechanism for easy maintenance. As an added benefit, the 
new hose sleeves on the shoulder harness are covered with reflective material to increase 
visibility and, at the same time, provide additional hose protection and minimise the risk of 
snagging. 


56 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


TAKING A MODULAR APPROACH TO SCBA 


BAUER 


Featuring 3-point height adjustment, the light- 
weight, high strength carbon composite back plate 
incorporates further integral hose channels to 
eliminate snagging and offer improved protection. 
Large carrying handles have also been integrated for 
better handling and safety, and a new slide and 
swivel waistbelt mechanism ensures correct 
positioning on the body during donning. The first 
stage pressure reducer has also been fitted with a 
quick release mechanism for easy maintenance. 

Also designed with the needs of firefighters in 
mind and fully compatible with the Draeger PSS 
7000 BA as well as the Draeger HPS 6200 Helmet, 
the new Draeger FPS 7000 Full Face Mask forms part 
of the same revolutionary, complete system solution 
from Draeger Safety. Developed as a result of user 
consultation and representing a new standard in 
terms of safety and wearer comfort, it combines the 
very latest ergonomic design with a large field of 
vision and a secure fit that feels both comfortable 
and natural to wear. Offering more flexibility than 
ever before, with a wide range of modular, integral 
accessories, this robust, easily maintained mask is 
also available in a variety of sizes. 

Available with either a hypoallergenic Silicone or 
EPDM mask body for optimum comfort, the mask 
features a distortion-free polycarbonate visor and 
offers an exceptionally wide field of vision. An 
innovative design optimises the air circulation within 
the mask to eliminate misting and, in addition, a 
number of different coatings are also available to 
meet every eventuality. 

Providing an outstanding fit to both the head and 
face, the ergonomic, double seal of the mask body 
ensures a secure, comfortable fit for all face shapes 
and contours. The uncomplicated 5-point head har- 
ness also allows the mask to be donned and 
removed both quickly and easily. In addition, and for 
those who prefer to use mask-helmet combinations, 
the new patented 2-point Draeger Q-fix connection, 
complete with safety button to prevent unintentional 
release, ensures that the Draeger FPS 7000 can be 
quickly connected to the Draeger HPS6200 helmet. 

Obviously, effective communication is vital to any 
firefighter. For this reason, the mask can also be 
supplied with the new, integral Draeger FPS-COM 
communication system. This state-of-the-art, 
modular system can be easily adapted to suit specific 
needs, whether for radio communication or voice 
amplification. 

Maintenance is also quick and easy. In fact, the 
clever design of these special accessories and the 
simple maintenance of each of the mask parts ensure 
that the Draeger FPS 7000 is economical and easy to 
service as well as being flexible and versatile in use. 

Draeger Safety manufactures a wide range of 
respiratory protective equipment as well as personal 
escape sets, chemical protection suits and both 
portable and fixed gas detection systems that are 
ideal for firefighters. Designed to absorb excess body 
heat and bring improved comfort to the wearer, the 
Draeger CVP 5220 Cooling Vest a typical example. 

Ideal for firefighters and those working in high 
temperature surroundings, it is also particularly suit- 
able for use under gas-tight chemical protective suits 
as well as in industrial, shipping, mining and blast fur- 
nace applications. Unlike alternative cooling methods 
that require pre-freezing, the Draeger Cooling Vest 
incorporates a special Phase Change Material (PCM) 
throughout the garment. Able to reduce the wearers' 
temperature by around 4°C, it can, depending on the 
level of physical work and the ambient tempera ture, 
provide a cooling benefit for up to 3 hours. ES33 


COMPRESSORS 



Verticus 5 / KAP 5 stationary compressor 

The most advance modular unit system used in fire stations with 
SPC-compressor control B-CONTROL, P Filter System and integrated 
filling panel. The unit can be upgraded to a silenced unit VERTICUS 5 
type and additional filter housings, refrigeration dryer AIR-KOOL, 
external filling panels as well as storage cylinders can be easily fitted. 



Mariner 250/320 

The power pack for larger delivery of air, 2501/m and 3201/min.A newly 
developed, super-light aluminium chassis guarantees the best protection 
against corrosion! Inter- and after coolers made of stainless steel resist 
the toughest climatic conditions.The construction of the motor rocker 
stand reduces vibration for smooth operation as well as self-tensioning 
of the v-belt drive. 


BAUER offers only Independently Tested Containment Fill 
Stations which were found to protect the operator from 
overpressure and fragmentation per NFPA 1901. 

Containment Fill Stations - Stationary & Mobile 

High-Pressure Breathing Air Compressors and 
Auxiliary Equipment 
Worldwide Sales and Service Network 

BAUER COMPRESSORS ASIA PTE LTD 

2 Alexandra Road #0I-03A Delta House, Singapore 159919 
Tel: +(65) 6271 6271 >***> 

f £ Fax: +(65) 6272 3345 JTUVJ 

http://www.bauergroup.com 
Email: info@bauer-compressors.com.sg 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


57 



www.argusdirect.com 


argus 


v> 



Who’s the toughest 
member of your crew? 

• A range of thermal imaging cameras 
designed especially for Firefighters 

• Small, light, robust and reliable 

• Ergonomically designed 

• Digital image capture for up to 100 images 

• Full colour LCD viewing screen - 3.5m 

• Spot and ambient temperature measurement 

• Extended battery life 

argus™4 the rugged tough member of your crew 


Ask us about our full 
range of camera options 


+44 (0)1245 453443 
www.argusdirect.com 





By Erik de Kunder 

Senior international 
instructor, Artesis 
Academy 
and 

Jack Kusters 

Managing Director, 
Artesis Academy 



Heavy vehicle 

RTAS 

In this world today, we can no longer move without any transport. They don't 
say for nothing, "without transport everything stands still". The economy is very 
dependent on transport and particularly of freight carriages. 


I f we examine the traffic movement, we see that 
even there the increase hasn't stopped. More 
strongly, it seems that on every continent the 
transport movements are still increasing. 

This amount of traffic movement also results in 
the increase of the number of accidents. Because 
of this accidents with freight carriages are happen- 
ing more and more. 

As rescue services, we have to deal more and 
more with the challenge, to give aid to lorry 
drivers in a fast and safe way. 

In the past it was absolutely no problem to cut 
a lorry open with our hydraulic tools, nowadays 
we have to deal with bigger challenges. 

A very attentive accident is the "head/tail" 
collision. 

Because of the busy traffic movement, the 
drivers will drive to close together which increases 
the danger for head/tail collisions enormously. 

Certainly a lorry with a total weight of 50 
barrels does not stand still at once. As soon as a 
vehicle like this is involved in an accident, its total 
weight becomes its largest enemy. 

Because this mass has a forward speed, it is 
simply impossible to slow down at a short distance. 
And if the driver doesn't respond quickly enough a 
heavy accident can no longer be prevented. The 


driver always tries to bring himself into safety. This 
is a completely natural response. We frequently see 
that were there space to survive the accident, that 
this is space were the driver is sitting. 

If we look at the improvements which the 
vehicle industry applies on the freight carriages, 
we see more and more safety and security systems 
that are protecting the people inside. An impor- 
tant change is the application of firm and harder 
steel in the cabins. 

To make the so called "cage construction" 
more safe, the following steel sorts are being used 
to reinforce the cage construction: High strength 
low alloy(HSLA), Micro-alloy, Boron and Ultra 
HSLA. 

The reason this steel is being used is because it 
is absorbing the energy from the impact. By using 
this stronger steel, it uses more energy to deform. 
Therefore this reduction of energy makes it 
possible for the victims to be able to survive the 
accident. 

This is clearly of influence on the external 
lesions of the victims and not on the internal 
lesions (not visible). 

This stronger steel doesn't make it easier for the 
rescue workers to reach the victim inside the 
cabin. 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


59 



NEW AMK-24 
SPREADER 
WITH QUICK 
CHANGE TIPS 



Featuring push button pins 
that can’t be lost! 

Now Available! Extended 
Reach Tips and Quick 
Adjust Chain Package 


isu 

RESCUE^ SYSTEMS 

We’re in it Together. 


www.amkus.com 

Global Representation 
Ph: 1-630-515-1800 
Fax: 1-630-515-8866 


It is costing the rescue workers more 
time and effort to open a cabin with the 
standard techniques. These changes in the 
cage constructions however, help rescue 
workers to develop new techniques. 

A large point of profit is a reliable point 
of attachment for the spreader or ram on 
the cage construction strengthening points. 
By using the hydraulic equipment in a dif- 
ferent way, there will be more possibilities 
and more techniques to open the cabin. 

In order to manage several types of 
accidents there are many tools and 
appliances available. In our vision there are 
three different levels of tools that can be 
distinguished. Light, middle and heavy 
hydraulic tools. 

The category 'light' contains tools such 
as combination spreaders and small rams. 
The combination spreaders and small rams 
should belong to the standard equipment 
of each fire fighter vehicle. These tools can 
be used for forcing an opening for both 
buildings and vehicles. If we only focus on 
vehicle accidents there are some restrictions 
to these tools. 

In order to install the light hydraulic tools 
on a first fire fighter vehicle there is one 
condition that must be followed. Assistance 
of middle-heavy or heavy tools should be 
available within a short period of time. A 
short period of time is defined in Western 
Europe between 15 and 30 minutes. If this 
condition cannot be guarantied, the middle- 
heavy tools should be available in the first 
action. The main point is that with the light 
category tool at a car accident, the tool 
must be able to open a door and remove a 
roof. There shouldn't be any doubt about 
the capacities of the light category tools, but 
for example the spreader opening and the 
cutting possibilities of the combination 
spreader are somewhat more limited than 


the spreaders or cutting equipment. 

The combination spreaders are further 
developed and are improving their possibili- 
ties more and more. Particularly the quick 
removal of the spreading points, turns 
the tool into a fully approved cutting 
equipment. 

The maximum opening remains a point 
of interest. The middle-heavy category 
tools contain the spreaders, cutters and 
rams that can make a larger opening or 
have a stronger cutting power. 

Moreover is in our perception the 
tension free cutting is the most important 
point for choosing the cutting equipment 
and it is subordinate to the cutting power 
such as is described in the folders. 

With the middle-heavy tools it is possible 
to tackle more complex incidents with cars 
and light freight carriages. The larger open- 
ings which can be made in combination 
with more power, give the rescue workers 
more possibilities to save victims rapidly 
and adequate. 

The heaviest category hydraulic tools are 
being used for example in incidents with 
trucks, trains and collapsed buildings. This 
category tool is also used at earthquakes 
and such. 

Characteristic in this category is the 
extreme power which can be displayed by 
this tool. Rescue personnel must realise 
themselves that the tool can also have an 
enormous powerful response, after all 
action is reaction. 

In the different types of incidents the 
different tools can be used. At complex 
incidents you frequently also need smaller 
tools from the light category. Then these 
tools are used for example to make open- 
ings, where after larger and heavier tools 
can be used. Which tool will be necessary 
for your brigade is difficult to say. 


60 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 




HEAVY VEHICLES 


HEAVY VEHICLE RTAS 


Closer study into the working circumstances 
and types of incidents is necessary. Particularly the 
working circumstances are important to examine. 
Concerning the hydraulic tools it is important to 
know that climatological circumstances have a 
strong influence on the performances of tools. 
Surroundings temperatures could be responsible 
for the capacity decrease of the tool. In a next 
number of APF we will present an comparison 
model for hydraulic tools. 

Education and training 

In any rescue operation, especially in heavy rescue 
training is essential. Having the adequate equip- 
ment will bring nothing, if not correctly applied. 
Changes in the car industry already have lead to 
the results that for accidents with cars and 
MPV's/SUV's a total of 16 techniques can be 
applied. 

In this segment of the rescue aid, Artesis 
Academy from the Netherlands has developed a 
skilful pocket notebook were these techniques can 
easily and step by step be carried out. The pocket 
notebook is part of a 1-day elementary course 
ART™ (Artesis Rescue Technics) and a 3-day 
advanced course of a person vehicle. For the 2-day 
follow-up course, the heavy RTA course, is also a 
skilful pocket notebook with all points of interest 
and techniques is available. 

During the training the different subjects 
concerning the heavy RTA for freight carriages and 
buses will be addressed to. There will be extra 
attention for the subjects kinetic energy, the 
accident mechanism, danger indication and the 



different safety systems and their impact. 

The practice course is aiming at rescuing from 
and handling the mass of freight carriages and 
buses. Attention also lies in managing larger 
accidents with several victims. Training is done on 
location or in one of our training locations in 
Europe. 

Appliances 

In order to rescue the victims after an accident, 
other appliances are also necessary beside the 



RESQTEC Zumro Asia Sdn Bhd Subang Hi-Tech Industrial Park, E asia@resqtec.com T + 603 5621 5298 

Lot 5, Jin Delima 1/1, 40 000 Shah Alam, Malaysia W www.resqtec.com F + 603 5621 2895 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


61 




HEAVY VEHICLES 


HEAVY VEHICLE RTAS 


mentioned tools. Depending on of the type 
accident several appliances can be used. 

For example we mention stabilisation materials 
like cribbing blocks or complete scaffolding 
appliances. For accidents with trucks are rapidly 
build up scaffolding is a good alternative. This 
makes it possible for the rescue worker to work on 
altitude and carry out a justified rescue. This in 
order to prevent that rescue workers must stand 
on ladders or have to work with tools above their 
head. That is irresponsible. 

Stabilising for example a truck is asking for 
particular attention. This in order to prevent the 
wreck from moving during the rescue action. This 
is often a complex task for the rescue workers. 
Different than with cars, trucks have 4 points of 
attention for stabilisation. In order for a fast and 
adequate action, the rescue workers must have 
additional materials. Certain stamp systems are 
being used here, which can bridge a larger 



max 25 bar 


Technology 


max 720 bar 


<3L holmatro 

rescue eauioment 


olmatro 


ogy 


number 


in the world 


for a reason 


I rORI 

Quicker, easier and safer 

Make the most of your techniques and proce- 
dures and discover the unprecedented benefits 
CORE™ offers. 

Working with CORE™ saves time, is more user- 
friendly, means more efficient use of manpower 
and is safer. 

www.holmatro.com 


ORE 


single hose system 


Holmatro Rescue Equipment - RO. Box 33 - 4940 AA Raamsdonksveer - The Netherlands 
T +31 (0)162 - 58 92 00 - E info@holmatro.com 



altitude/distance concerning the stable situation. 
These stamps must have sufficient carrying capacity 
towards the weight which they must support. 

Another solution can be found in the so called 
NT-Bags. These connectable high pressure lifting 
cushions offer the possibility to a rapid and 
adequate stabilisation of larger weights such as 
trucks. 

Besides the above, the lifting cushions are 
extremely suitable to use at collapsed buildings 
after for example an earthquake. The NT-bags 
have the advantages of a high and low pressure 
lifting cushion in one. The lifting height of the low 
pressure lifting cushion and the capacity and 
stability of high pressure lifting cushion. 

Because the cushions can be connected to one 
another, large altitudes can be are overcome with- 
out endangering the stability. The last is important 
for a safe working environment for the rescue 
workers. The lifting cushion is therefore a fully 
approved tool for the rescue service. 

What is noticeable however, is that rescue 
workers do not really know what they can do with 
the lifting cushions. This is why we are busy at this 
moment to develop a method for the use of lifting 
cushions. Also on this subject we will return in a 
next number of APF. EH3 

Writer of several books and articles and training all over 
the world Jack Kuster is an expert in extrication and 
rescue in general. Many tools and equipment that we use 
now for extrication is started as a brainwave from Kusters, 
where manufacturers have translated the idea into a useful 
product. At the beginning of the 90s he developed a new 
system for extrication for the Dutch emergency response 
services. This became known as the "Kusters" approach. 
Now Kusters is managing director of Artesis Academy. 

Email: j.kusters@artesis.nl 

Erik de Kunder become instructor out of the ambition to 
improve extrication mostly, by developing new techniques 
and training materials. Fie has instructed many rescuers 
around the world, and several techniques are developed 
and improved by Kunder. Fie is now a senior instructor at 
Artesis with focus on training international teams. 

Website: www.artesis.nl 


62 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 










Up-To-Date? 

It's Up to You! 

NFPA® membership is indispensable for more than 81,000 professionals 
worldwide. What about you? It’s an easy decision for anyone involved 
with protecting people and property, because NFPA keeps members on 
top of breakthroughs, research, and technology... and in control of their 
careers. Join now and SAVE 10% on NFPA codes, products, and 
seminars, while you stay up-to-date with: 

■ NFPA Journal ®, the award-winning bimonthly membership magazine 
loaded with articles, codes and standards information, investigations, 
case studies, and reports 

■ Answers to your code questions from NFPA’s experienced fire 
protection specialists 

■ Online issues of NFPA News for codes and standards activities, and 
NFPA Update for training opportunities and events 

■ FREE membership in any of 16 industry-specific sections including 
Fire Service; Building Fire Safety Systems; Health Care; Electrical; 
and Architects, Engineers, and Building Officials 

■ The latest NFPA Journal Buyers’ Guide — your bonus gift valued at $40 

Gain a decided advantage on the job. Join NFPA today! 

Become part of the world’s largest organization for fire, electrical, and 
building safety professionals and stay up-to-date for only $150 annual 
dues — satisfaction guaranteed. 

To join call 1-617-770-3000, or visit 
nfpacatalog.org. 


ARFF DRIVING 


Use of Simulatio 
Truck Driving an 



By Marco van 
Wijngaarden 


The crash truck is the key asset of the Airport Fire and Rescue Service (ARFF). 

Safe and adequate driving and operating is essential to ensure the full use of the 
fire fighting capabilities when it is needed at live incidents. Its particular 
extinguishment capacity, speed, acceleration and dimensions characterize a 
crash truck. These characteristics make it a special vehicle that requires proper 
and careful use by its crew. 


ETC Simulation 


U nfortunately, as in normal traffic, incidents do 
occur whilst driving, training and at real 
incidents. It is also known that vehicles are 
not always used effectively at live incidents. The 
result of inadequate training, familiarization, experi- 
ence or carelessness is often damage to property, 
but also results loss of lives. Well known results of 
poor preparation are: vehicle roll over, being stuck 
in soft terrain, improper/inefficient operation and 
hitting casualties with vehicle and jet stream. How 
can such things happen with all of the existing 
methods for preparation such as classroom educa- 
tion, daily driving and frequent live training? When 
we look closer at what we are doing we should ask 
ourselves the question: How can we do better? 

My presentation is about the way education and 
training of ARFF can be improved by the use of 
simulation. I will not provide a ready-to-use 
solution. It is my goal to look at training for 
CT-crews from a different perspective to contribute 
to optimal preparedness for ARFF. 

The topics I will cover are: Educational side, 
Context of the job, Live fire training and Simulation. 
I will then review in a conclusion. 


Educational side 

In the past years we've seen some interesting 
educational developments that can be used for ARF. 
A new trend is called New School Learning. When 
we compare Old School and New School Learning 
we see the following characteristics: 


Table 1: Old School and New School Learning 


Old School Learning 

New School Learning 

Teaching content 

Learning processes 

Classroom focused 

Workplace focused 

Teacher centred 

Learner centred 

Inactive working forms 

Active working forms 

Belongs to training 
department 

Belongs to each person 

Activity centred 

Outcomes based 

Training Specialist 

Learning Consultant 

Planned learning 

All day learning 


New School Learning is mainly based on the 
learning theory of social constructivism. Social 
constructivism is a concept that says that learning 


64 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



ARFF DRIVING 


USE OF SIMULATION FOR ARFF CRASH TRUCK DRIVING AND OPERATIONS 


for ARFF Crash 
Operations 


takes place in context with the (social) environment. 
A direct consequence is that the learned skills will 
be more automatically applied in live situations that 
correspond with the training situation. This means 
that the learning environment must match as much 
as possible the practical situation where skills will be 
applied. Because learning is a social process it 
continues always, in school and beyond. We simply 
cannot stop learning, and most learning takes place 
outside school or training hours. It is hard to plan 
and orchestrate the learning process because it 
requires some conditions. One of them is that you 
can only learn in the next zone of development. It is 
like a ladder in that you cannot climb two or three 
rails further than you are. You have to build further 
on existing skills, step by step. Another point of 
interest is that people learn in different ways. 

Renowned American educational theorist, David 
Kolb researched this and his theory about learning 
styles is well known. Kolb's learning theory defines 
four distinct learning styles (or preferences), which 
are based on a four-stage learning cycle (which 
might also be interpreted as a 'training cycle'). In this 
respect Kolb's model is particularly elegant, since it 
offers both a way to understand individual people's 
different learning styles, and is also an explanation of 
a cycle of experiential learning that applies to us all. 
Kolb includes this 'cycle of learning' as a central 
principle his experiential learning theory, typically 
expressed as four-stage cycle of learning, in which 
(1) 'immediate or concrete experiences' provide a 
basis for (2) 'observations and reflections'. These 
'observations and reflections' are assimilated and dis- 
tilled into (3) 'abstract concepts' producing new 
implications for action, which can be (4) 'actively 
tested' in turn creating new experiences. Generally 
speaking, we see that operational fire fighters can 
be found dominantly within two learning styles: 
Accommodating (Doing and Feeling) and Converg- 
ing (Doing and Thinking). Both share active and 
experimental learning. This implicates that the 
training circle ideally should start in one of these two 
learning styles: experimental learning. But also that 
we should ensure that we cover the two other styles 
as well to make implicit training experiences explicit, 
and achieve optimal training results. 

A third point is that different teaching formats 
have a limited tenability. Active formats are more 
efficient than passive ones. For example 'Listening' 
has a retention level of 10% while 'Experimenting' 
yields 90%. A fourth point is that we know that 
people are able to connect various learned elements 
when they know the context and know the con- 
nection. Which means that one can train in smaller 
elements (modular) at first, and integrate the 
elements into larger elements or the whole system. To 
conclude, we know what conditions are required to 
gain the best training results. A very important factor 
is that we have high expectations of the trainee. 

This implicates that we have to set our pro- 
fessional standards. Further relevant, is a well 
organized training organization and a safe (social) 
learning environment with opportunities to 



experiment. The conclusion that I want to make is 
that the ARFF should be educated and trained in an 
authentic training environment. This requires that 
the learning environment can generate those stimuli 
that are relevant to elicit realistic behaviour of 
trainees. It speaks for itself that the stimulus must 
be noticeable by the trainees, otherwise training is 
of no use. The design of training programs must 
ensure that the context ("how does this work in live 
incidents, what is my role?") is clear for the 
trainees, so one can train modular in smaller ele- 
ments with appropriate training formats with 
options for experimenting. The modules can be 
integrated into larger elements or complete exer- 
cises. And we should organize our training in that 
way that our people can learn at their own pace. 
Also we should make them aware of their own 
responsibility for learning. They have the right to 
good preparedness and on the other hand they 
have the responsibility to prepare themselves 
adequately. New School Learning is teamwork and 
requires a positive approach by training staff. 

Context of roles 

In examining ARFF operations at an aircraft incident 
at the level of a crash truck, we find three roles that 
can be integrated depending on the local opera- 
tional strength. We have the crew commander, 
driver and crewmember. For this paper I will concen- 
trate on the crew commander and driver. Important 
contextual factors are: unexpected events, unknown 
situations, response time, and life threatening situa- 
tions. The key tasks that have to be fulfilled by the 
crew commander are: command, control and 
communicate and for the driver: drive, position 
and operate. In addition, the vehicle must cooperate 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


65 



ARFF DRIVING 



with the other responding vehicles. Due to the lack 
of time, a portion of the operations has to be carried 
out in an automated manner. These are the pure 
motoric skills like operating the correct buttons in 
the correct order. All other skills are more related to 
knowledge and insight and are cognitive operations. 

Time pressure, and unexpected and unknown 
situations result in stress. The available time is 
almost always underestimated, which makes people 
experience even more time pressure. Another factor 
is that we filter information inappropriately under 
severe stress. The result of too much stress is that 
the capacity to make judgements in a proper manner 
decreases. When we prepare vehicle crews for 
handling standard situations as well as exceptions to 
the standard we increase capability and decrease 
uncertainness, and they will experience less stress. 
Better decisions are expected when we have 
optimal preparation. Now we will look at decision- 
making under time pressure by using the concepts 
of Research Psychologist Gary A. Klein and 
Cognitive Research Scientist, Professor Jens 
Rasmussen. Klein researched decision making under 
time pressure by experienced professionals. His 
conclusion is that - in opposition to the rational 
decision making model - professionals rarely 
compare alternatives to make the best choice. It 
seems that they assess the situation, and based on 
their assessment they select the most proper 
decision (so not per definition the best). This model 
falls apart in three steps. 

1 Situation recognition: the decision maker 
recognizes the situation as known or new. With a 
known situation comes a known solution, with 
actions that are frequently used or trained. An 
unknown situation requires unknown actions. 
Recognition happens on the basis of some indica- 
tors and causal developing steps that explain for the 
decision maker as well as the existing situation as 
the expected development of the situation. Based 
on this, the decision maker sets his achievable goals 
and selects an appropriate action as follows: 

2 Serial comparison of alternatives: relying on his 
experience, he develops a set of alternative actions 
that can lead to the intended goals. The order of 


these alternatives is deter- 
mined by the extent in 
which they where used 
successfully in previous, 
similar situations. To exam- 
ine if an alternative is 
appropriate, the decision 
maker uses: 

3 Mental simulation: the 
set of actions are simulated 
mentally to see how they 
will work and affect the 
situation. The decision 
maker will do this only for 
the first alternatives on his 
list. When an action seems 
to work he will select it, 
even when it is not an 
optimal solution. 

Recognition drives decisions according to Klein. 
This implies that a decision maker must have a wide 
experience - a ready to use mental library of situa- 
tions and solutions - to be prepared for his task. 

Rasmussen's research concentrated on mistakes 
made within decision-making. Based on his research 
the distinct three types of decision-making are: 
skill-based, rule-based and knowledge based. 

1 Skill-based. The decision maker reacts directly 
and is almost unaware of the situation. Examples 
are simple motoric skills, such as driving and putting 
on a breathing apparatus. 

2 Rule-based. The decision maker's response is 
based on well-trained automated rules. This type is 
very close related to skill-based. An example is 
driving upwind and using foam on fuel spills. 

3 Knowledge-based. Decision making based on 
knowledge. When a situation is new, one must 
think about the situation, goals and alternatives. For 
example incident command. 

When we use these three types to look at a crash 
truck crew we see that the driver mainly works and 
decides at a skill-based and rule-based level. This 
requires a high frequency of repetition of training 
his task elements. The crew commander works 
mainly rule-based and knowledge-based. Because 
his decisions are made under time pressure, his 
training must be aimed at situation recognition, 
expansion of the capability for mental simulation 
and internalization of best choices. The larger the 
solution-database of a crew commander is, the 
better decisions you can expect. This demands 
variation in training of incidents with stimuli that 
normally will drive the decisions. 

Thorough after action reviews are important to 
improve mental simulation and also to provide a 
good understanding of time/tempo factors. This 
training has to be supported by two - and three 
dimensional visualizations. The crew can train 
individually, but should also train as team. The types 
of decision-making can be translated to an 
educational approach on three levels of training 
objectives: Motoric, Knowledge and Insight. Table 2 
shows the models of Klein and Rasmussen in rela- 
tion to the training context. 


Table 2: Educational Implications Klein and Rasmussen 



Motoric 

Knowledge 

Insight 


Internalization 

Situation Recognition 

Internalization 

Internal Simulation 

Driver 

Doing 

Seeing 

Doing 

- 

Crew Commander 

- 

Seeing 

Doing 

Seeing 

Team 

- 

Seeing 

Doing 

- 


66 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 



ARFF DRIVING 


USE OF SIMULATION FOR ARFF CRASH TRUCK DRIVING AND OPERATIONS 


Live fire training 

Legislation on training states that there should be a 
plan and program for sufficient and frequent ARFF 
training. But what is sufficient? What is frequent? 
These questions are hard to answer. The overall goal 
is that the organization and individuals are ready for 
their tasks. And how frequent does one need to do 
live fire training? What are the conditions for this 
type of training? To what extent should we train 
multi-agency operations? When we look globally at 
the way live fire training is organized we see that it 
varies from daily to yearly. In many cases such train- 
ing is about a standard operating procedure with 
one to two crash trucks on a training rig with a fuel 
spill fire. We see training rigs that look very realistic 
and we see some that are nothing more than a fuel 
burn pit with some steel tanks, containers and even 
cars. Training staffs add variation to the training by 
changing some factors in the scenario. Such live 
drills are an example of drilling the standard, where 
'Motoric' and 'Knowledge' are trained for the 
'Doing'-part only. Without the necessary variation 
parts of 'Seeing' and thus a part of 'Knowledge' 
and the whole of 'Insight' are not trained. Live fire 
training has its educational limitations. 

Furthermore, we know that the methods and 
extent that live fire training can be executed depend 
on safety as well as environmental legislations, 
organizational limitations and budget constraints. 
Especially when we cannot use real foam as we see 
with propane fuelled installation the learning effect 
is limited. This also counts for training on too small 
burn pits, rigs that don't look at an aircraft at all or 
with other types of fuel. On the other hand we see 
that computer controlled propane fuelled installa- 
tions have excellent educational capabilities due to 
the variation and controllability of scenarios. Of 
course live fire training is essential and useful. How- 
ever the learning value is not as much as we expect 
for all roles on the crash truck, because we tend to 
train for standard situations only. And when one 
train only one or two times per year, the level of 
experience can be indicated as average to poor. 

My conclusion is that live fire training is essential 
to maintain a good level of proficiency. Well designed 
training installations in combination with good train- 
ing curricula and staff can offer the necessary training 
variation. The educational effect of live training is in 
some areas not as good as we would expect. Live fire 
training has drawbacks: it is expensive; it is polluting 
and contributes to global warming. The latter two 
are becoming more and more unacceptable. 

Simulation 

In essence, live fire training is also a simulation: a 
representation of a real situation. In this paragraph I 
will discuss computer simulation. Computer 
simulation has been used for decades to prepare 
professionals for their jobs and is also not new for 
the fire service. Many countries already use one or 
more types of simulation like e-learning, multi- 
media, driving, (table-top) incident command and 
control. I would like to take a closer look at simula- 
tion that is useful for ARFF crash truck training in 
conjunction with live fire training. First we will 
examine functionalities of this kind of simulation, 
which I have divided in three types: algorithmic (AF), 
transparency (TF) and virtual functionality (VF). 

1 Algorithmic. The ability to calculate the effect of 
trainees' actions and decisions on the situation. For 
example, the development of a fire or the rescue of 
a casualty including its health. 

2 Transparency. The ability to expose the learning 


process. With this capability, one can look at all 
actions afterwards to have intensive after action 
reviews. It also informs trainers about the progress 
of the trainee. 

3 Virtual. The ability to visualize a realistic represen- 
tation of the situation. It is important to have all 
relevant stimuli incorporated that are related to the 
training objectives. 

The transparency functionality is relevant in all 
learning situations, the other two are not. Table 3 
shows the functionalities for the various jobs and 
learning objectives. 

The combination of the functionalities determines 
the level of authenticity of the simulation, and the 
level of immersion into the learning environment. 
The better the immersion is, the more realistic the 
behaviour of the trainee will be. Immersion is also 
determined by the way the human sense are 


• Cutters ^ 

• Spreaders 

• Combination Tools 

• Rescue Rams 

• Hydraulic Power Units 

• Accessories 


LANCIER 



Compact 


Simo-Pump 
powerful 
less weight 
space saving 


LANCIER Hydraulik GmbH & Co. KG 
von-S>emens-Str. 1 , 43346 Oslbevem 
Germany. Phone *49 (0) 2532 957090 


© 


www. lancier-hydraulik. com 


ASIA PACIFIC FIRE 


67 





ARFF DRIVING 


USE OF SIMULATION FOR ARFF CRASH TRUCK DRIVING AND OPERATIONS 


Table 3: Functionalities For Simulation 



Motoric 

Knowledge 

Insight 


Internalization 

Situation Recognition 

Internalization 

Internal Simulation 

Driver 

AF-TF-VF 

TF-VF 

TF-VF 

- 

Crew Commander 

- 

TF-VF 

AF-TF-VF 

AF-TF-VF 

Team 

- 

TF-VF 

AF-TF-VF 

- 


stimulated through seeing, hearing, feeling, smelling 
and tasting. These elements and functionalities have 
an effect on the simulator software and hardware 
components. The simulator, trainee(s), role-players 
and training staff together create the training envi- 
ronment. The use of simulation and serious games 
within education is growing, and authentic simula- 
tions are available to use for training ARFF crash 
truck personnel. The good ones have A-T-V function- 
alities integrated within appropriate hardware. 
Hardware goes from standard PC's to realistic vehicle 
cabins complete with motion platforms. There are 
even simulators with smell, temperature and wind. 

Simulators offer a range of advantages. One can 
create and train for situations that can barely or 
never be trained for in the real world. Authentic 
simulators offer a great learning environment with 
objective scoring and the opportunity to extensively 
experiment. Other positive factors are the low costs 
per trainee, safety, continuous availability and no 
pollution. To implement a simulat