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Full text of "My journal, or what I did and saw between the 9th June and 25th November, 1857 : with an account of General Havelock's march from Allahabad to Lucknow"

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AND 25th NOVEMBER, 1857; 
























P R E F A C E. 

Since “my Journal” was written, a long time lias 
elapsed. Had any one told us on tlie 25th Novem- 
ber, 1857, that we should not see the fall of Lucknow 
till the lGtli March, 1858, we should have laughed at 
him: but so it has happened. For three months did 
General Outram hold his position at Alum Bagh in 
the face of a countless army of the rebels, constantly 
attacked by them, as constantly repulsing their attacks, 
and now and then himself taking the offensive and 
driving the enemy back. It was no easy life that his 
force had there ; and, when the history of this Rebel- 
lion shall be written in full, the holding of the Alum 
Bagh by Major General Outram and his small force 
will be looked upon in its proper light, and I hope 
estimated accordingly. 

Lucknow has fallen ; and the British flag again waves 
on the Residency. The Volunteer Cavalry has been 
broken up ; the Oflicers have gone — some to their civil 
duties, some home, and some elsewhere : the uncovenant- 
ed Volunteers have been allowed to go and seek other 
employment : and that little body of men, which the 
Right Hon’ble the Governor General was pleased to 
call “ Captain Barrow’s devoted band,” is become one 
of the “ has beens.” Few will ever remember that, at the 


outbreak of this mutiny, the only Cavalry that General 
Havelock had, through his march from Allahabad to Luck- 
now, was a corps called the Volunteer Cavalry, composed 
at first entirely of Officers and Gentlemen, who served as 
Privates in the field. 

Perhaps I may be wrong, but I do not think the 
services of this little band have been duly appreciated, at 
least by His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief. That 
they were so by the late Major General Sir Henry 
Havelock we know ; and that they are so by Sir J ames 
Outram will be seen by the following letter, of which 
we are all proud, as coming from one of our best Com- 
manders — “ the Indian Bayard” ; — 

My dear Barrow, 

Lucknow, 29 th March, 1858. 

We are about to separate, perhaps for ever; but believe 
me I shall ever retain you in affectionate remembrance, and ever 
speak with that intense admiration, which I feel, for the glori- 
ous Volunteers, whom you have commanded with such distinc- 
tion. It would afford me much pleasure to shake every one of 
them by the hand, and tell them how warmly I feel towards 
them ; but this is impossible. My pressing duties will not allow 
me even to write a few farewell lines to each of your Officers : 
but I trust to your communicating to them individually my 
affectionate adieu, and sincerest wishes for their prosperity. 
May God bless you and them ! 

Ever your sincerely attached friend, 


To Capt. Barrow, late Commg. 


Note. — “ My Journal” was not written with any intention of publica- 
tion. It consists merely of a few rough notes kept by me for the benefit of 
one, from whom I was necessarily separated during these troublesome times, 
and to whom I knew an account of my doings, though ever so short, would 
be acceptable. But several of my friends have persuaded me that, as hither- 
to no account of Havelock’s extraordinary advance to the relief of our be- 
leagured brethren in Lucknow has been published, my narrative, though 
rather meagre, would be acceptable to the Public. Trusting therefore chief- 
ly to the interest of the subject, I put it into the hands of the printer. 

On the 9th of June, 1857, I had left the Salone Jcacheri 
(where every thing had been going on much as usual, with this 
exception that the crowd of suitors had for several days gradually 
decreased) about 3| p. M. for a few moments, when, just as I 
reached Capt. Barrow’s (Deputy Commissioner) gate on my 
return, I met Capt. Thompson (Commanding 1st Oudh Irre- 
gular Infantry at the station) talking to a Sowar,* who ab- 
peared to have just come off a journey. On asking what was 
the matter, he said, that he had just escaped from a party of the 
mutineers from Allahabad, f consisting of a wing of Infantry, two 

* About sixty men of the third Oudh Irregular Cavalry had been 
sent from Lucknow to Salone to strengthen us, as it was the general opinion 
that the Irregular Cavalry would stand firm, after the Infantry had 
gone. How much we have all been deceived has been shewn by the issue. 

t The first intimation we had of the outbreak at Allahabad was from one 
of our Thannadars, who reported that he had secured two or three of the 
prisoners from the Allahabad jail, who had escaped, and brought the news 
that the Regiment stationed there had mutinied and released all the prison- 
ers, and that nil the Europeans had taken refuge in the fort. 


tioops of Cavalry, and two guns; that they where marching 
on to S alone, and were then within five miles. This looked 
lathei too close to be pleasant; so we took the man down to 
Capt. Banow, where, after again interrogating him, we decided 
it was time to prepare for the reception of any mutineers who 
might come. Capt. Thompson turned out his Regiment, 
and, loading two old guns we had there with grape, he 
stood ready for any thing that might occur. We on our 
part turned out (what was then called) the new levies — 
about one hundred and fifty men enlisted in our Police, whom 
we had armed and were drilling. At the same time we sent out 
some trustworthy men in the direction the Allahabad mutineers 
were said to be coming, and also towards Sultanpore, from whence 
another body of mutineers were said to be marching on us. We 
waited in this state of readiness for about an hour, when our 
spies returned, and reported that the road was clear in both 
directions, and that there was no sign of any mutineers : 
so we turned in the Regiment, and, having set guards 
of the new levies all round Capt. Barrow’s house and placed 
the lying Sowar in confinement, we went home. The truth was, 
the mutineers in our own station had thought that by causing 
an alarm of “They are coming” to be spread, they would 
make us take suddenly to flight, and so leave them in quiet 
possession of our treasure, consisting then of some 500,000 Rs. 
But when they found that their plan did not answer, they had 
recourse to another, viz. open mutiny. 

It must be remembered that at this time the Regiments at 
Lucknow had mutinied ; Fyzabad and Sultanpore were (as the 
expression then was) “ gone,” and Futteypore likewise ; at Allaha- 
bad all the Europeans had retired into the Fort, the native Regi- 
ment (6th B. N. I.) having mutinied ; that the whole country 
was up in arms, and Cawnpore in a state of siege. We were 
therefore quite surrounded by mutineers : all the dawks (ex- 
cept that direct to Lucknow, which we managed to keep open) 
were closed, and every road of escape seemed to be shut against 


us ; but we never lost heart. We hoped, almost against hope, that 
we should he able still to weather the storm (and if we did, what 
an honor !), and we put our trust in Him, who had hitherto kept 
us in peace and quietness. We all dined together at Capt. Bar- 
row’s that evening ; and, with the exception of Capt. Thompson 
and Lieut. Chalmers, who slept in the lines with their men, we 
slept at Capt. Barrow’s also — thinking that if any thing did 
take place we ought to be together, and as near the only lady 
(Mrs. B.) as possible. The night passed off quietly enough, but 
the next morning shewed us we had not much longer to remain. 
The sepoys of the Regiment were all moving about, armed 
and accoutred, and were sending their luggage out of the 
place ; and about six o’clock Thompson came and told us, he 
could do no more, for his men were in open mutiny. We had a 
long consultation, and determined that we had remained at our 
post as long as we could, and that we had nothing left but to 
provide for our own safety. While we were consulting together, 
one of our most influential Talookdars, Hunnowant Sing, came 
in and informed us, that the game was up (which we knew be- 
fore), and that we must go that day, or we might be sacrificed ; 
that, if we could leave at about 4 r. M., be would meet us about a 
mile out of the Station with some of his men, and conduct us to 
one of his Forts, where for the present we should be safe. This 
we agreed to do ; and he left us to make preparations. 

I may here mention, that this man Hunnowant Sing, in ac- 
cordance with the policy brought into play at the annexation, 
had been deprived of the greater part of his estate, which was in 
the King of Oudh’s time very valuable, had consequently 
been reduced from a very wealthy and influential position 
to quite the contrary, and had even, under instructions 
from the authorities, been confined in our jail for not 
paying up part of his revenue. Notwithstanding all this, 
he had, I think, a personal friendship for Capt. Barrow, for 
he was a quick enough man, and saw that Barrow was acting 
up to orders, and much against his own judgment. It was in a 


great measure to this friendship that I attribute Hunnowant’s 
conduct, though the old man may have had an eye on the future 
when he thus acted ; for lie all along believed that we should be 
back in Oudh some day. Had our annexation policy been 
different, I think we should have had many friends where we 
had enemies. W e hoped to make friends of the new men we 
raised up, but found, to our cost, that in the time of need they 
were wanting. The truth was ’they were not strong enough 
to hold their own, much less to assist us; though I believe 
many, for their own sakes, would have done so if they could. 

At about eleven o’clock, Thompson came and told us that his 
native officers had come to him, and promised faithfully that, if 
he would give the whole Regiment six months’ pay out of the 
Treasury, they would march with us, colours and all, to Allahabad. 
At first, we would not hear of such a thing, it seemed so like 
bribing our own servants to remain faithful : but when we consi- 
dered the matter again — that the Treasury was in the hands of 
the mutineers, who could help themselves without any asking, 
and that if, by giving six months’ pay we could save the rest of 
the Treasure and the Regiment, it would be worth doing so — we 
determined on trying it. The Regiment had no sooner received 
the money than we found upon what a reed we had been leaning. 
The guard at the jail left, and all our prisoners escaped ; the men 
became more sullen than ever ; and (what was worse than all) the 
detachment of Harding’s Cavalry now came and claimed six 
months’ pay, the same as the Infantry had received ; and, after 
them, our Police would doubtless have come. We had made a 
false move, and were suffering from it : but our position was 
such it was very difficult to know how to act. We determined 
to pay up all our establishments, and then quit. I had been 
down to the Treasury for money two or three times that day, and, 
thinking that perhaps the guard over the Treasure might not 
like me to take any more, I took one of the native officers down 
with me to shew the guard, that it was by permission oj those 
then commanding that I was drawing the money. When I arrived 


at the Treasury, the sentry called for the Jemadar on duty, who 
came and at once permitted me to open the cash chest ; when he 
saw the other native officer with me, he asked why he had come, 
and, on being informed, turned to me with tears in his eyes, and 
asked if he had ever hesitated in permitting me to take money. I 
tried to explain it away, but did not succeed very well : the old 
fellow seemed really hurt — and yet he was a mutineer and a 
rebel at heart. 

As soon as we paid our people, they immediately all forsook 
us ; our police, who had sworn to stand by us, leaving us also, 
and among the first a man whom I had got promoted to be a 
Jemadar, and who, an hour before, had with tears in his eyes 
sworn to stick to me through thick and thin. At about 4 v. M. 
we prepared to start, Mrs. B. and two children in Carnegie’s 
Buggy, and the Apothecary’s wife and his family in another Bug- 
gy : the Sergeant Major (who had been very ill) with his wife and 
family were to go in Barrow’s bullock coach, and we men on horse- 
back. Our party was seventeen in number, nine of whom were 
women and children. We started, all our servants having forsaken 
us, except Capt. Barrow’s three Madrassies, with the clothes on 
our backs and our swords by our sides, not knowing how long 
we might have to live, as now, that we were obliged to go, every 
man’s hand was against us. We had some twenty-four of our new 
levies, about the same number of new jail Burkundazes, and one 
Jemadar, one Havildar and five Sepoys of Capt. Thompson’s 
Regiment with us — and this was all out of thousands, who a week 
before would have followed us cringing and bowing to the ground ! 
We had to go right through the Regimental lines, which of course 
was a rather dangerous thing to do : but, as it could not be avoid- 
ed, we put a bold face on it, and went straight through them. The 
men were standing armed and accoutred in groups, looking very 
sulky ; the two guns were drawn up, so as to sweep the road we 
must go, and the men were standing with lighted port-fires in 
their hands. This was probably for show, and done with the idea 
is 2 


of frightening us; but I do not think it made any of our hearts 
beat faster by one stroke. 

About a mile out of Cantonments we were met by our old 
friend Ilunnowant Sing, with about 200 as funny looking a set 
of men, as could be well imagined ; and, after a long ride of about 
fourteen miles, we arrived about 1 o’clock at night at Dharoo- 
pore, where our kind host gave us a hearty welcome and made 
us as comfortable as he could for the night. Thus ended the 
memorable 10th of June 1857, the 6th anniversary of my wed- 
ding day, to which auspicious event I attribute our having escap- 
ed so easily : — but, joking apart, we had very much to be thankful 
for : we had all escaped with our lives from Salone, and I think, 
with one or two exceptions, we were the only body so fortunate. 
At Sultanpore, thirty-seven miles off, the Deputy Commissioner 
and his Assistant had been killed, also the officer commanding 1 and 
the 2nd in command of the Regular Cavalry corps (15th). At 
Fyzabad the Commissioner and nearly all the officers of the 22nd 
native Infantry, the officer commanding the artillery and the Ad- 
jutant of the 6th Oudh N. I. had been murdered. At Lucknow 
three had been killed. Cawnpore was in a state of siege, the end 
of which is too well known. At FuLtehpore opposite to us on the 
other side of the Ganges, the Judge, Mr. Tucker, had been killed. 
At Allahabad some eighteen or twenty had been killed, and the 
remaining Europeans had been shut up in the fort : but we had 
escaped, and were now in the hands of a man, who had given us 
his " Biffin,” the most solemn oath a Hindoo can take, to see us 
safe to Allahabad, or any other place, which the Europeans still 
held. He was, however, a native, on whose most solemn oath we 
could hardly depend, if Allahabad fell. The natives had all an idea 
that our rule was at an end ; and although our host, who was 
clever enough, did not, I think, really believe as much himself, 
still he was evidently playing a double game, trying to keep 
friends with the Rebels, and still to preserve us from harm — a 
difficult game to play, but one which he carried through very 
well : and though he has been, and is now, fighting against us. 


still I should be very glad to see him forgiven, and shake him 
by the hand again. Next morning we heard that C. was at 
Kalikunker, another of our host’s Forts, on the banks of the 
Ganges, where he had taken refuge, after having been robbed 
of every thing he had by the Thannadar and Police at Manik- 
pore. This Thannadar had been appointed by C. himself. I 
forgot to mention that on the night of our arrival here, 
Hunnawant Sing’s son had gone to Alladgunj, where one 
of our Tahsilees was, and had not only rescued the Tahsildar 
who was in danger, but had brought in with him all the money 
then at the Tahsilee, viz. Rs. 12,000, which he gave over to 
Capt. Barrow, and which he took with us into Allahabad, and 
delivered to us there before leaving us. Immediately our host 
heard of C.’s position he sent him down money, told his servants 
to take care of him, and the next day started off himself to bring 
him to us. He left at about 4 p. m. on the 14th, and returned 
with C. and his cousin, who was with him on the night of the 
15th. We, as I have mentioned, all left with nothing but the 
clothes on our backs. Mrs. B. had brought a small supply of wine 
and beer, some forks; and spoons, and had a regular little kit in a 
cowry basket, which, however, never reached us — thecooly carrying 
it having bolted. The day after we got to the Fort, the bullock 
coach which had been left behind was brought in by Capt. B.’s 
Afghan servant, and in it were some few things for Mrs. B. and 
her children. It was good fun seeing us sitting down to our 
meals, our dinner consisting of fowls, lamb, curry and rice, dal 
and chapaties, placed in earthen chatties, or rather earthen 
saucers, and put on a charpoy, round which on the ground we 
all sat. I think we each had a spoon, but there was only one 
knife — so we had to use our fingers pretty well : but we got on 
famously. Old Hunnowant kept up our supplies ; and, as far as we 
could be, we were very comfortable. It was very hot in the day 
time, and what we all felt extremely was the want of employment, 
as we had come away without any books. We were badly off for 
clothes of course, but here again our old friend came to the 


rescue, got us cloth and durzees ; and we soon turned out as regu- 
lar natives. About the fourth day of our being in the Fort, a 
man, named C blind Khan, came up where we were, and com- 
menced making enquiries about a horse that he said had been 
lost by Lieut. Grant’s party from Sultanpore. After having made 
his inquiry, instead of going away he remained hovering about 
in a mysterious manner; at last he came to Capt. Barrow, and 
put a letter into his hand, which proved to be from Grant, who 
(with some twenty-nine, most of whom were women and children) 
had escaped from Sultanpore, and was then under the protection 
of an old man, named Ajeet Sing, who was not very powerful, 
though very willing to do all he could. It appeared that this 
party, from there being so many women and children, and their 
protector being not very powerful, were really in danger, and 
altogether in a sad plight; so after talking the matter over, 
we determined to trust our host, and see if he could and would do 
anything for them. lie at once set to work, wrote to a relation 
of his own, whose illdkd was in that direction, and also to Goolab 
Sing, and took their “ Blian” from them for the safety of the 
party. Grant eventually reached Allahabad with the whole of 
his party in safety, under the escort of his host alone. 

About this time all our jail Burkundazes and sixteen of our 
new levies, who had followed us, asked permission to go to their 
homes : so we allowed them ; — we had now only eight of these 
men and seven of Capt. Thompson’s with us. We lived in an 
upper story of the house, and used to walk on the roof, 
when not too hot, and, when up there, very often people came 
for the purpose of looking at us, as if we were wild beasts. This 
became so unpleasant that we were obliged to ask our host to 
put a stop to it, which he did at once by placing a couple of 
sentries at the stair-case leading up : but before this was done, 
a man had been up, carrying in his waistband a very nice duel- 
ling pistol, evidently the property of some English Officer. On 
interrogating him, he told us thathewas a Jemadar of Police under 
Capt. Thurburn, who had given him this pistol ; that the Regt. 


at Fyzabad had mutinied and all the officers had escaped in boats, 
and that the civil officers with their families had taken retug'e 
in Raja Maun Singh’s Fort, where they then were. We imme- 
diately wrote to them, and, promising the Jemadar a present if 
he delivered the letter, persuaded him to start for that purpose : 
about four days afterwards he returned with a long story that 
they had left. This at the time we did not believe, for there 
was something in the man’s manner not straightforward, and 
we imagined he had never gone. I now think that his 
story was so far true that he knew they had left Maun 
Singh’s the first time he came to us, but had concealed it for 
some purpose; and, when the reward was offered him, he deter- 
mined to absent himself for a few days, and then bring us the 
right tale, which he might have told us at first — namely, that this 
party had gone to Maun Singh’s and, after remaining there three 
or four days, had been sent by him down the river in boats. Even- 
tually after much suffering they arrived at Dinapore in safety. 

We now became rather anxious about ourselves : we had been 
upwards of a week in the Fort, and could gain no information 
of what was going on at Allahabad. We heard reports of large 
forces of Europeans arriving daily, which kept us in good spirits ; 
but we could not manage to get a letter conveyed there for us, 
and although our host continued his attentions, still we began to 
fancy he was throwing obstacles in our way on purpose. At last 
two men of our new levies came and said that they would try to 
get into Allahabad with a letter : so we promised them a large 
reward if they succeeded, and they started. While they were absent, 
our friend Chand Khan again made his appearance, with a letter 
from the Collector of Allahabad, and one from Grant, who with 
his party had arrived there safely. So at last we found out what 
was going on, and that the road was quite safe. We then sent for 
our host’s son, he himself having gone on some excuse or other to 
his other fort, told him the news we had heard, and insisted on 
leaving as soon as possible. He replied that he could do nothing 
without his father, but that he would send off a messenger irame- 


diately for him. This he did ; and next evening the old gentleman 
made his appearance, and, after a good deal of talking, promised to 
collect a number of men to escort us, and to start on the third day 
from that time, as that was a lucky day. Well ! we did not like to 
push him too hard; so we consented. Next day our two messen- 
gers, dressed as fakeers, returned with a letter from Allahabad ; and 
they were again sent off to tell Court* when we were to start, so 
that he might have boats ready for us at the ferry, the bridge of 
boats having been destroyed. On the day decided on, we left the 
Fort at about p. m. — all the women and children in doolies, and 
we on horseback. We had a large escort of our host’s followers, and, 
after a tiresome ride ofabout twenty miles, arrived at Dhunnfuvfi, a 
small fortress belonging to Shudat Singh, a small landholder in our 
district. We reached this at about 2 o’clock a. m. and had to lie 
down outside the fort under a tree, as the owner would not, or 
really could not, receive us inside. Next morning we went to look 
at the house, to see if we could not get some accommodation in 
it, but found it in such a state of dirt and ruin that we preferred 
to remain under a large banyan tree just inside the walls, under 
which Shudat Singh, pitched a small tent for Mrs. B. and the 
children ; so that we got on pretty well on the whole. We were 
well supplied with eatables and milk by our host. Our old host, 
Hunnowant Singh, onbeing consulted as to our future movements, 
told us, that we must pass through the estate of a man (whose 
name I now forget) who was not favourably inclined towards 
the English, and that it would be necessary to take his “ Bhail,” 
and that he should have to go himself for that purpose, which would 
cause a delay of some hours, so that we would not be able to 
start before 12 at night. 

There were two roads for us to go, one about twelve miles to 
the Papamow ghfit, and the other about twenty miles to the 
bridge of boats. We wished of course to go the shortest road ; but 
Hunnowant was so decided about taking us the other route, that 
we were obliged to give in; and he left us to get the Bhan from 
* The Collector of Allahabad. 


the man lie had spoken about. He returned at 12 at night, but 
had now altered his mind about the road we were to take j so that 
we went the short road after all. As the old gentleman wanted 
something to eat after his long ride, we did not get off much 
before 2 o’clock in the morning, and just at daylight we came 
in sight of the river Ganges, where we met two men, with a note 
from Court, telling us not to go to the bridge of boats, as that 
road was not safe, but that he had boats and carriages ready for 
us at the Papamow ghat : so on we went, rejoicing to get so 
near the end of our troubles. 

We arrived at the river, put the horses and ourselves on board 
the different boats, and wished our kind host a hearty farewell 
telling him, that ere long we should be back at our old station, 
when we should not forget his devoted kindness. I must here 
mention that we could not persuade our old friend himself to 
cross the river with us, or to allow any of his followers to do so. 
They had an idea that whoever once got into Allahabad, did not 
get out again, except as a Christian. 

When we offered him some pecuniary reward for all he had 
done for us, he decidedly refused to accept it ; nor would he 
allow any of his men to take an}'-, although we offered him 11s. 
5,000 to divide amongst them. “ No,” he said, “ he wanted no 
reward then : he only wished us to remember him, when we 
again got into power ; and as for his followers, they were his 
servants, and were paid for doing as he told them — and so we 
parted. May he get his reward ! More than one heart blesses 
him, for having saved our lives ; for there is no doubt that, had 
he not come forward, we should have found great difficulty in 
getting to Allahabad, as every man’s hand, even those of our 
own Police, was turned against us, and we were a small party to 
fight our way through, with the women and children we had 
with us. But One, mightier than the mightiest rebel, was with 
us, and watched over us. He brought us in safety through our 
enemies. May we never forget His goodness in this, as in all 
things, and may it be the means of drawing us closer to Him. 


We found Col. Neill ol the 1st Madras Fusiliers, with about 
200 men, in possession of the Fort, the Seikhs having been turned 
out and encamped under the walls. Every house had been nearly 
ruined, and sueh a scene of destruction as met our eyes, I suppose 
never was seen, and I hope never will be again ; — all sorts of fur- 
niture and clothes lying about, — all, or nearly all, perfectly useless, 
as the mutineers seem to have taken a delight in destroying every 
thing that belonged to the Europeans : even the lining of the 
punkas was all torn out. Daily arrivals of Europeans soon 
filled the cantonments with white faces ; and on the 30th June 
a small force, consisting of 200 of the Madras Fusiliers, 200 of 
H.M. 84th, 250 Seikhs of the Ferozepore Regiment, 2 six-pounder 
guns, and 1 twelve-pounder howitzer, with some 60 sowars of 
the 13th Irregulars and 3rd Oudh Irregular Cavalry, who were 
supposed to be staunch, started under the command of Bt. 
Major Renaud of the Madras Fusiliers towards Cawnpore, in the 
hope of being in time to relieve our gallant countrymen, who 
were besieged there by the rebels under the Nana. On the 1st 
July, another party of the Fusiliers, about 100 strong, under 
Capt. Spurgin, left in a Steamer to endeavour to make their way 
up by the river to co-operate with the land force. On the 26th 
of June, Brigadier General Havelock, who had been put in com- 
mand of a moveable column to be collected at Allahabad, arriv- 
ed with his staff; and, finding the great want of Cavalry, obtain- 
ed permission from the Government to raise a Regiment to be 
called the Allahabad Volunteer Cavalry. Capt. Barrow was put 
in command. He made Lt. Grant of the 3rd M. E, Regiment his 
adjutant, and gave Lt. Swanston the Quarter Mastership. We 
got about 18 men to join us, amongst whom were Ensigns Bran- 
der, 37th B. N. I. Ramsay, Stuart and Hare, 17th B.N. I. Pearson, 
27th N. I., W T oodgate, 11th N. I. and Cornet Fergusson of the 8th 
B. L. C. All honor and praise to these boys, who were the first to 
offer their services to the Government they served. Many of 
them had never even joined their own corps, and none of them 
had been more than eighteen months in the service. We had also 


some eight young men, who had been engaged on the railways, 
but had of course been now thrown out of employ. Altogether 
we mustered, I think, eighteen, when we left Allahabad with 
General Havelock’s force on the 7th of July 1857. 

Nothing occurred till the 12th. The whole road was deserted, 
the villages empty and all in ruins, and every here and there bodies 
were seen hanging from the branches of trees. These had been 
executions carried out by Itenaud’s force. On the night of the 
11th we made a forced march, and came up with Itenaud’s force 
at about 4 a. m. on the 12th. We then marched on some five miles 
to a place called Belinda, about four miles from Futtehpore, where 
we intended to encamp, and had commenced pitching our tents, 
when we were ordered with the Irregular Cavalry to move on 
towards Futtehpore to reconnoitre, as the General had been in- 
formed that some of the mutineers had possession of it, and in- 
tended disputing the advance (as they thought) only of Itenaud’s 
force ; so off we went, and were followed by a company of the 
Madras Fusiliers with their Enfield rifles. We got within about 
a mile of Futtehpore, when we saw the enemy collected just 
outside. So we were told to halt, and Capt. Barrow and 
the Quarter-Master General rode on ahead to within about 
a quarter of a mile of where the enemy were. At first they were 
not perceived ; but when they were, bugles sounded, drums beat, 
and out came a cloud of Cavalry after them ; so they gallop- 
ed back to where we were. We waited for the enemy, but they 
took good care not to come too close. As we were too few to 
fight, and had only come to see what was going on, we got the 
order threes about, and fortunate it was so, for we had not got 
half a mile off when down came the artillery and opened on us. 
This was my first experience in real warfare — the first time I 
had heard balls flying in earnest ; and, I must say, I did not like 
it, though outwardly, I dare say, I looked brave enough, and called 
to our gallant Volunteers to be steady, (as they were all young 
at it like myself). I then thought I should never get accus- 
tomed to the whiz of a bullet, or the sing a cannon ball ; but 
c 2 


1 have learned that art, and can now hear them all about mo, 
and not even wink an eye. We retired gracefully, the rebels 
trying to bit us, but not succeeding; the Cavalry in crowds (or 
clouds, I believe, is the proper word,) trying to get round us, 
and cut us off from our people : so we pulled up, and the rifles 
commenced a little practise on them. They evidently thought 
they were well out of range, and so they were of old Brown 
Bess ; but when they saw two or three of their saddles emptied at 
nine hundred yards, they turned and never came within range 
again : and ever since, as they have improved their acquaintance 
with the Enfield, they have increased their distance, till now they 
seldom come within 1200 or 1500 yards. 

When the enemy’s guns first opened on us, those “ faithful 
gallant Irregulars,” the black chivalry of India, tried to bolt, but 
were stopped by Barrow. I have now seen these men fighting 
both for and against us, and, on all occasions, I have seen them 
behave in the most cowardly way one could imagine. I always had 
an idea that the irregular Cavalry would do any thing, but I now 
disbelieve it. No doubt they will gallop after men who have been 
beaten, and are running away like sheep ; but in a charge to break 
the enemy I believe they are useless. At last we got safe back 
to our camp, and General Havelock turned out the force to meet 
the enemy. We had altogether about 1,400 Europeans, and 550 
natives, 8 six-pounder guns, with 2 twelve-pounder howitzers. 
These were in the centre, with Infantry on each side, and on the 
leftflankthe Volunteer, and on the right the Irregular, Cavalry : the 
enemy had between four and five thousand. Our guns opened 
and so astonished the enemy, that they soon turned ; and we then 
advanced, took twelve of their guns, among them 1 twenty-four 
pounder, and 1 twenty-four pound howitzer, and drove them 
through Futtehpore. Our fire was very good, and to a new hand 
like myself seemed splendid. General Havelock in his de- 
spatch said Capt. Maud’s firing perfectly electrified the enemy. 
After driving the enemy through Futtehpore, we encamped on 
the other side, and the town was given up to loot and after- 
wards nearly destroyed. Thus ended my first battle. 


On the 14th we marched about twelve miles ; and on the 
15tli, at Aong, a small village about four miles on, we met 
the enemy again. Here they had entrenched themselves, and 
stood for some little time ; but we soon drove them out, taking 
two guns. We had a few killed ; and amongst the number 
of the wounded was Bt. Major Renaud, who was hit in the 
thigh : his leg was amputated, and he eventually died. After we 
drove them out of this, we advanced about four miles further, 
and again met the rebels at a bridge over a small river called 
Pundu. They had two large guns here (which we took) in 
position, but our gallant 1st M. F., with their rifles, ad- 
vanced in skirmishing order, and regularly silenced their fire 
with the rifles. Here we encamped for the day. We were now 
within fifteen miles of Cawnpore, and all anxious to go on and 
save our unfortunate fellow countrywomen there. We little knew 
what was then taking place ! Next morning we advanced about 
eight miles, and then halted under a tope of trees, where we 
remained till the men had got their breakfasts ; and then on we 
went about a mile, when we made a flank movement to the rio'ht. 
so as to come round the enemy, who had, we heard, a number of 
guns in position to keep us from advancing along the road. As 
we advanced to the right we came under fire of their guns, which, 
however, they did not seem able to move ; so as each Regiment 
passed, they received a round shot or shrapnel among them : 
at last we all passed this, and got right round the enemy’s position. 
They had managed by this time to turn their guns upon us, 
so we had a little game at long bowls, in which the rebels de- 
light so much ; but soon we got the order for the general 
advance. It is impossible for any one to give an account of what 
has happened to every Regiment in any engagement ; but it is 
much more impossible to give a description of the battle of Cawn- 
pore, opposed as we were, a small band of about 1,500, to as many 
thousands. Every Regiment had its hands full. The enemy had 
taken up several different positions, so that as fast as two guns 
were taken from them, we found two more open on us from ano- 


ther direction. The first guns I saw taken, were two which wore 
opposed to H. M/s 78th Highlanders ; and the splendid way in 
which this Regiment rushed up under a heavy fire of grape, and 
took these guns was the admiration of all. This rush was headed 
by Lieut. Moorsom of H. M/s 52nd, who was in the Q. M. 
General’s Department of the force. I do not mean to say that he 
led the Regiment, for it was led (as it always is) by its own offi- 
cers ; but the cool way in which Moorsom cantered up, waving his 
wide-awake, must have astonished the natives. Two other guns 
were taken about the same time in another direction by the 64th. 
As all these guns were taken, they were spiked : for we could not 
take them on with us, till our work was done. The consequence 
was, that the rebels, who regularly swarmed all round us, retook 
two guns, and were unspiking them, when the Seikhs were sent to 
retake them ; which they did in their usual gallant style. It is im- 
possible to mention every thing that each Regiment did on that 
day ; but all was well and gallantly done. The Volunteer Cavalry 
were too few to do much ; so they were kept to support a company 
of the Madras Fusiliers, who were on the right of all skirmishing. 
While thus employed, the Deputy A. A. Genl. Capt. Beatson 
rode up, and asked Capt. Barrow “ what he was doing ?” 
adding, “ There are the enemy.” Of course there was nothing 
for it then but to go at them. There they were, certainly, 
in thousands, Infantry and Cavalry ; and here were we, eighteen 
in number. But as at Balaklava, the order was given, and 
Englishmen knew their duty, and charge they did, right into 
the thick of the rebels. But what could eighteen sabres do 
among so many ? What could be done, was done ; and then the 
little band had to pull up, to find their loss to be one killed, one 
wounded, two horses shot dead, and two wounded. How we 
escaped so well, God knows. The bullets rained upon us : but He 
who had been with us all along was with us still. We pulled up, 
as we could not, so few of us, pursue too far from our Infantry. 
When they came up, each Regiment as it came cheered the little 
band ; and our brave old General, riding to our front, said, “ Gen- 

9 9 


tlemen Volunteers! you have done well. I am proud to command 
you.” We all pulled up here, (on the Delhi road) thinking the 
day was ours, when we suddenly found guns opening upon us 
again in another direction. These had to he taken at the point of 
the bayonet ; our own gun-bullocks being regularly knocked up 
with the long march and hard work of the day : and so it went 

on till dark, when we could see no longer. We bivouacked as 
we stood. All our baggage, food, and every thing of that sort, 
were five miles behind. We had nothing to eat, and a very little 
dirty water to drink ; but we were all so tired, that we were glad 
to lie down as we were, and sleep with our horses 5 bridles in our 
hands. We took in this engagement twelve guns of sizes. I 
was roused up during the night by my syce, who had found me 
out, and, having a little flour with him, had mixed it with some 
water, making a sort of paste, which he could not cook for want 
of fire : this the poor fellow offered me, but I could not, hungry 
as I was, eat it. 

Next morning at daybreak we were all on the alert to find 
where the enemy were, but none were to be seen. The rumbling 
of cart and gun- wheels had been heard by the pickets all night. 
The truth Was our enemy had bolted, and left Cawnpore. 
About 7h v. ii. a tremendous explosion took place, which turned 
out to be the magazine, which they had blown up. A small party 
under the Q,. M. General was sent in to reconnoitre. They found 
the place deserted by the rebels ; so, after getting up our baggage, 
we marched into Cawnpore, and encamped on the maidau in 
front of the Cavalry stables, and not far from the spot where 
poor Wheeler’s force had made their stand. 

How intently the thoughts of every one of us were bent on 
the pleasure of releasing our poor fellow-countrywomen, whom 
we knew to be in the hands of those wretches, can be more easi- 
ly .imagined than expressed, — and how deep and bitter was the 
curse hissed through the lips of many a hero that day ! Had 
those cowardly brutes heard the oaths of vengeance sworn, they 
would have turned white with fear : and, oh, when we came 

to see the place where our poor sisters and their little child- 
ren had been barbarously murdered, the very blood in our hearts 
turned cold, and then again boiled up with thoughts of vengeance. 
I have often thought whether we are right to think of 
revenge ; for we are taught, “ Vengeance is mine, I will repay, 
saith the Lord and then I have eased my conscience bv 
thinking that I was an instrument in His hands. If I am wroiiir 
may God forgive me; but it is hard to think of what our un- 
offending women and children suffered, and not have feelings of 
revenge rise in one’s heart. “ Mercy, mercy,” cries the Sepoy, 
when, seeing death certain, he throws away his musket, and 
pleads with clasped hands. Cawnpore ! is hissed at him, as the 
sword goes through his vitals. And is it a wonder ? Who could 
look upon that little enclosed yard, reeking in blood as if 100 
bullocks had been killed there — see the long tresses of some once 
fair lady’s hair lying in handfuls — and above all the small mark 
of the little children’s feet, printed with their mothers’ blood on 
the floor — and then look down that well upon the naked bodies 
of our poor countrywomen, evidently only rendered lifeless the 
day before, and not feel that he would never forget it ? No ! 
never shall a Sepoy receive his life at my hands ; and had I 
the power I would never forgive a mutineer. If it took fifty 
years, I would hang every Sepoy that was caught. I would 
make India feel that England would never forgive such insults 
and such barbarity, as have been heaped upon her daughters. 

On the 18th, General Havelock made over forty Infantry men 
to Barrow for his Cavalry, and ordered us to take all the horses’ 
saddles and arms of the Irregular Cavalry, who had behaved so 
badly, to fit our men out with ; which we did, and next day we 
were sent, thus fitted out, to Bithoor with a small force to take 
the place. It was the head quarters of the villain Nana. We 
went there, and found it deserted. We took twenty guns, 
a number of camels, elephants, stores, &c. &c. and returned ; and 
from that day, till we re-crossed the Ganges after our first advance 
on Lucknow, our men never had a day’s rest, riding generally for 


we had picked up a few hunting saddles) in native saddles with 
native swords as arms, dressed in any clothes they had. They cer- 
tainly were a funny looking set of Cavalry; hut the way they did 
their duty was the admiration of the whole force. Sixty Cavalry 
were about a proportionate number to the 900 Infantry ; and, with 
these we used to go upon long reconnoitering expeditions of 
twenty miles and more, and the cowardly enemy were afraid to 
come near us. How easily they might have cut us off, we all felt ; 
but God was with us, was fighting for us ; and the cries of murder- 
ed women and children at Cawnpore were still fresh in His ears. 
Besides the continual duties of reconnoitering aud pickets, the 
Volunteer Cavalry were constantly called upon to furnish parties 
for escort duties of all sorts, aud now and then to assist the 
Commissariat Department in procuring bullocks for slaughter. 
Whenever such a party was required, the order would come for a 
Serjeant or Corporal, aud party from the Volunteer Cavalry imme- 
diately : so the party was mounted and off ; and it used to afford 
us much amusement at first, before we were well known, to see 
the faces of the officers to whom we had to report ourselves on 
these occasions — how puzzled they used to appear, when they saw 
a gentlemanly looking man come up and report himself as 
Serjeant so and so, with party of Cavalry. I remember one occa- 
sion especially, when Capt. Thompson (an officer of seventeen 
years’ service, who had commanded the 1st Oudh Irregular Infan- 
try), who was a Serjeant in the Volunteer Cavalry, had to report 
himself to some young subaltern commanding the Infantry of 
the party going out — the perplexed look of the young fellow, feel- 
ing convinced that Thompson was a gentleman, and not knowing 
how to address him : but that wore off, and we were soon known . 

On the 22nd we commenced to cross the Ganges in order to 
relieve Lucknow ; the river was running strong, boats were few, 
and we were in the middle of the rains : it consequently took 
some time crossing the force over, and those who went first were 
for some days encamped in a low swampy plain, where cholera 
soon broke out, and many a brave man laid his bones there. At 


last all were crossed over, and on the 27th we advanced about five 
miles to the village of Mungawarrah, situated on the crest of a 
rise, and commanding the country for some distance in both 
directions. Here we remained on the 28th, on which day, we, the 
Volunteer Cavalry, were sent to reconnoitre as far as Busseerut- 
gunge, where the enemy were said to have two guns in position, 
which we were to have taken — if we could, — of course. Busseerut- 
gunge is about fourteen miles from Mungawarrah, a small forti- 
fied place. On the road we passed through the large village of 
Onao, once the head quarters of the Poorwah District in Oudh, 
where we were received kindly by the villagers, who gave us milk 
to drink, and lights for our pipes, for which no doubt they suffer- 
ed afterwards from the rebels. When we got to Busseerutgunge 
we found the place strongly fortified and guns in position sweep- 
ing the road; and noticing the enemy’s Cavalry galloping in 
swarms round our flanks to try and cut us off, we thought it 
wisest to retire, which we did, and arrived all right at our own 
camp. Next morning, 29th, the force moved in advance. Before 
we had proceeded two miles, the Volunteer Cavalry as usual lead- 
ing, we found the enemy in force ahead of us. They had taken 
possession of the village of Onao, and defended it, as they always 
do walled places, with determination. Here Lieut. Bogle of the 
78th Highlanders received the Victoria Cross. The fire was very 
severe, and we were detained for some time before we could clear 
out the village ; and only succeeded by burning it over our enemy, 
who at last left. Lieut. Seton, Madras Fusiliers, Aide-de-camp to 
General Havelock, was here wounded, and Lieut. Richardson of 
the same Regiment killed : here also Lieut. Brown, Adjutant of 
H. M.’s 84th was wounded, and while having his first wound 
dressed, received two others, from which I am happy to say he 
has since recovered. We got through the village, at least the head 
of the column did, the Volunteer Cavalry this time behind — when 
“ bang, bang” we beard milling again, and “ Volunteer Cavalry to 
the front” was passed from mouth to mouth ; and they were not 
long in getting there, you may be sure, notwithstanding one 


man had a hole shot through his helmet. When we got up, we 
found our men deploying in a tope of trees, and the enemy in 
thousands deployed just ahead of us, and pouring in grape and 
cannister, which came crashing through the trees most unplea- 
santly, I can assure you. Our guns soon opened, the enemy’s gra- 
dually ceased ; and then there was a general advance, with constant 
cries for Volunteer Cavalry to go and secure two guns here and 
two there, till we had taken twenty of their guns, and sent them 
%ing as usual before us. We halted here for two or three hours 
in the hot sun, each man receiving his tot of rum, and a biscuit : 
when that was done, the Volunteer Cavalry again were sent on to 
see where the enemy were. We soon found them in position in 
Busseerutgunge about five miles off : so back we came, when the 
whole force advanced for another mile. I was sent out with a 
few men on the right flank to see what was doing there, and we 
actually got right behind our foes, and saw in the distance, over 
their heads, (for they were lying down under mounds of earth, or 
wherever they could, to get protection) the glitter from the 
bayonets of our jolly Infantry — the stand-by after all of our 
glorious army : so we thought it advisable to go back and re- 
port, and, by the time we did so, we found the engagement had 
commenced, and a vei-y pretty game at long bowls going on, 
which soon ended as usual in the general advance, the retreat 
of our cowardly foes, and the capture of the village with two 
guns. We went through the village, and encamped for the 
night ; and next day for a change ble.w a couple of men away 
from guns, and hanged a third. I think we must have had in this 
engagement some 25 or 30,000 opposed to our 1200, of 
whom about 900 were Europeans. When God is with us, who 
shall be against us ? 

We remained where we were on the 30th; and on the 
31st were ordered to march : but what was our surprise when 
instead of turning to the right we turned to the left, which 
took us back again to where we had started from ! We re- 
tired to Mungawarrah, and encamped again. During the week 
n 2 


all our sick and wounded were sent over to Cawnpore ; and 
on the 4th, the Volunteer Cavalry were sent on to reconnoitre 
again, and returned having found the rebels as before at 
Busseerutgunge. They were ordered to halt on the road ; and the 
whole force at a moment’s notice ordered to strike their tents 
and march away. When we were all formed upon the road, the 
General had a letter from the Governor General, thanking us for 
what we had done. This he read out to us, and then said “ Men, 
yesterday two guns and a small re-iuforcement joined us, and I 
told them to go from the right down to the left of the line, and 
in every man they would see a hero. You have heard what the 
Governor General and Commander-in-Chief have said. I shall 
have to write to His Excellency again to-morrow : and it depends 
upon you what I write. To-morrow we meet the rebels again in the 
field.” The order was then given to advance ; we marched through 
Onao and encamped for the night. Food and grog for next day were 
issued, and we lay down where we could, knowing that we were 
on the eve of another fight, and hoping that we were really en 
route to Lucknow. Long before day-light we were all formed up ; 
and just as it broke we advanced. 

When the Volunteer Cavalry, leading as usual, got close 
up to Busseerutgunge, the enemy, who were in thousands, 
opened out with blank ammunition from two small guns they 
had in position, and commenced yelling and making a tre- 
mendous noise, — to frighten us, I suppose. We remained where 
we were, and the line was formed behind us. On the road were 
two very ominous looking things in the shape of two twenty-four 
pounders. Our guns opened ; after the first two shots from the 
24s, there was dead silence among the enemy. After a couple 
more, the lines advanced ; but the rebels had as usual bolted. 
While a working party was levelling a wall the enemy had built 
across the road, we amused ourselves by watching the effects of 
some shots from the 24s at a lot of the enemy on our left : among 
whom was a grandee on an elephant, which latter animal; 
finding the shot rather too close to be pleasant, bolted off as 


hard as he could, whether with or against his master’s will I 
know not. We advanced through the village ; and here for the 
first time I saw bodies lying mangled by shot and shell. I 
shall never forget my feelings, sickness of heart and stomach 
too, so much so that I almost vomited : but how soon one gets 
used to these sights ! — when we returned through the village, 
I could look at them without a shudder. We advanced through 
the village, had a little more play at long bowls, took two 
guns, and then pulled up to breakfast or tiffin, whichever you 
like. As we lay on the grass in the hot sun (well I remember 
it, as I had a most splitting headache) we were as usual talking 
over advance or no advance. All elated as we were, we would one 
and all have gladly pushed on : but our gallant old leader thought 
differently, and we were ordered to retrace our steps. How we 
all abused him, and what grumbling there was then ! But now 
we have learned to appreciate his generalship, and to feel how 
judiciously he acted. 

The Volunteer Cavalry in the retreat of course had again the 
post of honor, viz. behind all : so we had to keep up all the strag- 
glers, and see that none of the baggage fell to the rear. When we 
got about two miles from Busseerutgunge, we came up with an 
elephant that had thrown its load, consisting of the men’s kit, 
which is generally tied up in small long bundles — an elephant 
carrying some forty or fifty of them. We pulled up and assisted 
in reloading the beast, and then set off with it ; but we had 
not gone half a mile, when the brute threw its load again. The 
way he managed it, was this ; — he stood still and lifted two legs 
on one side off the ground, then the two on the other side, and so 
on, giving himself the motion of a ship rolling on the sea, till at 
last the ropes, which tied the bundles on his back, became loose, and 
the whole thing came to the ground. Well, this was too much of 
a good thing : we saw if we went on loading in this way, we 
should never get on ; so we each seized a bundle, and putting it 
in front of us, rode on, leaving a small party to bring the ele- 
phant on : and so we arrived— a sort of land transport corps— at 


our old encampment of Mangawarrah, where we found our pots 
steaming with grub. Thus ended our second advance and retreat. 

How these retrograde movements affected me, I cannot, I am 
afraid, clearly explain. I always felt a sinking at heart, an utter 
despondency, not at all pleasant, and at the same time a mixture 
of anger and rage, at being obliged to turn my back on such cow- 
ards as we had to deal with. I know when we were obliged to 


leave Salone, I could not have spoken to have saved my life. It 
was not fear. I, never during those times had any other feeling 
than that we should all get safe out of it; and still I felt so en- 
raged and disgusted at being obliged to Hy from our post, that I 
could really have cried. 

On the 9th, a mysterious order came round to send all sick 
and wounded men over to Cawnpore, and also all spare bag- 
gage, tents and horses; so all was sent, and as it was gener- 
ally supposed that we were all to recross the Ganges next 
day, I was ordered to go and take charge of the horses and 
baggage, and prepare for the reception of the Regiment. On 
the morning of the 10th, I went and remained there till the 
evening of the 11th, expecting the force; when I suddenly 
heard that it had again advanced towards Busseerutgunge. It 
was too late for me to follow them very well, and I could not 
find out what was intended. The officer commanding Cawnpore, 
General Neill, was perfectly in the dark, and advised me to 
remain where I was. I felt very much inclined to go, for 
although I thought it hardly possible, still I imagined they 
might be going on to Lucknow, and I would not have missed 
that for any thing ; but it was fortunate I did not go, for if I 
had I should have had a long ride of twenty miles to catch 
them up, perhaps when the engagement was over, and then to 
ride back all the way with them again. 

The third advance on Busseerutgunge was much the same as the 
2nd, and the fight the same as usual, except that the enemy had 
thrown up a small field-work about two miles on the river-side of 
Busseerutgunge, from which they poured into us a heavy fire of 


grape and cannister. The Volunteer Cavalry appear to have had 
the full benefit of this ; though as usual no one was hit, except 
Young Fergusson, scratched by a piece of a shell. So hot was 
this fire, and so well directed did it appear to the rest of the force, 
that, when the affair was over, several men rode up to us, to see 
who had been knocked over, or rather who had escaped. In this 
engagement we had 600 Europeans aud some 200 Seikhs — no 
large force to do what they did, viz. lick some 10 or 15,000, and 
take two guns. Our force returned after the fight to Mungawar- 
rah ; and then next day with the assistance of the steamer the 
whole of them crossed to the Cawnpore side of the river, and were 
housed in the few houses that remained unburned. 

Thus ended our first advance across the Ganges to the relief of 
our fellowcountrymen in Lucknow. How sick at heart we all felt 
I leave you to imagine, as we knew reinforcements could not reach 
us under a month, if so soon ; and we were under the impression 
that the garrison at Lucknow were then on half rations, and could 
not hold out so long. But what could we do ? we left Allahabad 
1500 strong, and had received perhaps 400 men more since we 
left: and we were now reduced to 600 European fighting-men of 
all arms, fit for duty, or rather who could be spared for duty 
across the river. As Cawnpore had to be held, we felt it was hope- 
less to attempt it, in face of the countless hordes we had to meet. 
Although we were unable to proceed to Lucknow, there is no 
doubt that we relieved the little garrison very considerably, by 
drawing a great part of the besieging force away from Lucknow 
to meet us in the field ; and, even when we re-crossed the Ganges 
to Cawnpore, they were obliged to keep a considerable force 
to watch us : so that, as we afterwards heard when we got to 
Lucknow, we had actually relieved them in a great measure : and, 
although it must have been very heart-sickening for them to hear 
of our retreat, still they knew that friends were near them, and 
that we should advance again directly we were in a position to do so. 

On the 15th August, in the evening, we received an order to 
be leady to march at four next morning: so we were all im- 


mediately on the qui-vive ; and at the time appointed we took 
onr post where ordered, and found the whole foree ready to 
march, consisting ot about 1400 men and fourteen guns, two 
ol which were 24s — a larger battery than we had ever had in 
the field. AVe soon found our destination was Bithoor, where 
the rebels had again taken up a position • and, as it was rather 
too close to Cawnpore, oitr gallant old leader determined to 
drive them out. In this he certainly appeared to know the 
rebel well. Never let him rest. If you have any force to move 
with, follow him up ; otherwise he immediately fancies you are 
afraid, and either attacks you in countless numbers, or sets to 
work with labour to any amount at his disposal, and strengthens 
himself in some position. He is like a jackall : if you leave him 
alone, he goes sneaking about, doing all the damage he can : but 
just gallop after him, making as much noise as you can, and you 
soon run him down. It was a beautiful day : the country all 
round was looking nice and green, and it was pleasantly cool 
with a fresh breeze blowing. As we rode along the hard well 
made and well known road, we discussed the probability of the 
rebels making a stand at a bridge about half way, which from its 
position offered every facility for a good defence : but on, on, we 
went, our advanced guard and flankers still going quietly on, till 
we sighted the bridge, came up to it, and passed over it. No ! no 
enemy : they had neglected, as they often did, one of then- best 
chances : but they have done this so often, that one canuot help 
feeling that our God has blinded their understanding. AA r hen we 
arrived within about a mile of Bithoor, our advanced men gave 
signs of the enemy at baud, and soon we saw their Cavalry arriv- 
ing in hundreds on our left flank. AVhen they had pulled up 
well out of rifle-shot, and had collected together a little, bang bang 
went a couple of doses of shrapnel into them, and then it was 
‘ the de’il take the hindermost.’ Just then a number of them came 
straight out of Bithoor down the road, as if they were going to 
indulge in a charge : but seeing the blue topees of the dreaded 
rifles, they too turned tail and bolted. Our line was formed, and 


on we went. Tytler and Moorsoom, H. M.’s 52nd, rode on in 
advance to try and find out where the guns were; which they 
soon enough did, as the rebels opened on them with round shot. 
This being all they wanted, they returned, and the enemy found 
out that .sniping at single horse- men with nine-pounders is not 
so easy as it looks. Steadily our line advanced, till we got well 
within range, when our guns opened, and after a short time we 
saw the Highlanders tumbling in through the embrasures of a 
little work the rebels had raised to their left. Two guns were 
taken. On the extreme of our right, the gallant blue bonnets 
(1st Madras Fusiliers) got right amongst the enemy with their 
bayonets, and bayonetted a number of them — the first time we 
had that pleasure : but they could not follow up their advan- 
tage. They were exhausted with the twelve miles’ march, and 
the fight after it. Had the Volunteer Cavalry been with them, 
they might have done something ; but they were on the extreme 
left, watching the Cavalry. The enemy here gave us more trou- 
ble than they had ever done before. They had a very strong posi- 
tion, and the fields being at this season high with sugar-cane 
and grain of different sorts, they found good shelter there, and 
made use of it accordingly ; for a native certainly does know how 
to figdit behind cover. But this as usual ended in our driving: 
the enemy out of their position, and taking their guns. We then 
advanced through the village, and halted in different topes on the 
other side. 

The Volunteer Cavalry, having thrown out videttes, lay down 
to await the arrival of their mess-kit ; which had left Cawnpore, 
through some blunder, three or four hours after the force. Sud- 
denly “ bang” went the vidette’s piece. Two or three of us were 
soon in our saddles ; and there, to our surprise, we saw a native 
officer and a Havildar of Cavalry in full uniform, looking at us 
within a hundred yards of us ! They looked just as much as- 
tonished as we did, but soon got over it, when they saw the rush 
made at them : but being on better and fresher horses than we 
were, they soon distanced us, and so, giving them a parting shot, 



we returned. What they had come up so close for I know not, 
unless they really did not know we were there, as we were quite 
hidden in the tope ; or perhaps it may have been the Quarter 
Master General of the rebel army come to reconnoitre our posi- 
tion : however, we never saw any thing- more of him. 

W e waited, and waited patiently, or perhaps not very patiently, 
for our mess servants to come up, to get some of our rations 
cooked ; hut none came : so we had to do the best we could on 
biscuit and steaks fried on the embers, and our tots of rum. 
Hunger is the best sauce, says an old adage ; and we certainly did 
justice to the victuals. A twelve-mile march, with a fight after- 
wards, does not decrease one’s appetite. We remained at Bithoor 
that night, and returned next morning to Cawnpore. About two 
miles out of Bithoor, the non-appearance of our mess-kit was fully 
accounted for, by the remains of broken boxes, plates, &c. &c., 
which we recognized, and also the dead bodies of two or three of 
our mess servants. Poor fellows, they had started late, and had 
been cut off by the enemy’s Cavalry. We arrived in Cawnpore 
late in the afternoon, and took up our quarters in the houses 
ao-ain, where we remained two or three days ; and then were 
ordered to encamp on the plain in front of Wheeler’s entrench- 
ment. For the first day or two all went on well enough ; but then 
it came on to rain, and we soon found ourselves in a regular 
swamp. Nothing would keep the water out of our tents. It 
seemed to soak up from the ground: and the only thing we 
could do was to put all our things on the chairs, or tables, 
and ourselves lie on our beds. This state of things could not 
last long : cholera broke out, and the men, weakened by exposure 
and hard work, gave in one by one and died. We were then 
ordered to leave our tents standing, and take possession of 
some sheds there, which fortunately sufficed for the whole force. 
But it was too late. Cholera had got among us; and cer- 
tainly and quickly it did its work. We, the Volunteer Caval- 
ry. lost ten— six of whom died in twenty-four hours ; many 
more had slight attacks and recovered. Those whom death 


had marked as kis own, were taken , and then gradually the dire 
disease left us. We then set up foot-games, and races of different 
sorts to keep up the men’s sprits, and turn their thoughts from 
the late melancholy events. We of the Volunteer Cavalry set to 
work to clothe ourselves and the men in something like uniform, 
and also to get them proper saddles and arms ; and by the time 
General Outram arrived with reinforcements, on the 17th Sep- 
tember, (I think it was,) we did look a little respectable, and 
could move about somewhat in order, and, when we charged, 
looked rather formidable to the rebels. 

On the 17th September, General Outram arrived with the 90th 
and 5th, some heavy artillery, and some sixty (supposed to be 
staunch) Cavalry (Native) of the 12th Irregulars under Lieut. 
Johnson of the Bombay Army. On the 19th, we crossed 
the river over the bridge of boats, which had been built, under 
great difficulties, by Captain Crommelin, Bengal Engineers ; 
and, driving the advanced guard of the enemy before us, we en- 
camped behind a ridge of sand, which runs along the banks 
of the river about half a mile off it. On the 20th, the Volunteer 
Cavalry were sent to reconnoitre : and that evening the order 
of march was issued for next day. At day-break on the 21st, 
the whole force was in readiness, and formed up : after ad- 
vancing about a mile, we deployed in order of battle, and 
marched on to the enemy’s position. The balls began to fly 
about as usual ; but our line steadily advanced. H. M.’s 5th, on 
the left, advancing in skirmishing order, soon drove the enemy 
right back. On we pressed, when down came an Aide-de-camp 
with “ Volunteer Cavalry will advance.” Off we went, and soon 
came up with General Outram, who, riding stick in hand, headed 
us. Bound we went to the right and took the rebels in rear, and 
then commenced the cutting up in good earnest. The pouring- 
rain soon drenched us ; but as it also did the same to the muskets 
and matchlocks of the enemy, rendering them useless, we were ra- 
ther thankful for it. Down, down went the wretches. “ Cawnpore, 
my lads, remember Cawnpore,” was the battle-cry : and woe to the 

E 2 


black skin that came under our swords. At least 250 must have 
been cut up. Our gallant leader, General Outram, not deigning to 
draw his sword, kept hitting the enemy as he came up to them 
with his stick, leaving it to those behind him to kill : — and you 
may be sure they spared no one. Two of the young officers, who had 
been doing duty with the 6th Native Infantry at Allahabad, and 
had escaped the massacre, recognized the drill Naik of that Regi- 
ment. One of them called him by name. He immediately threw 
down his musket, turned round with clasped hands, and crying for 
mercy, said, “ Yes, sir \” The only reply he got was two swords 
through him. Our Serjeant Major Mahony, of the 1st Madras 
Fusiliers, got badly wounded in taking the Regimental colours of 
the 1st Bengal Native Infantry from the hands of two men who 
were defending it. For this he was named for the Victoria Cross ; 
but I am sorry to say hehas notlived to receive it: he died of cholera 
in October at Alum Bagh. We took the whole of the camp of one 
Regiment, the 1st Bengal Native Infantry, all their drums and 
pots, &c.; but, being unable to carry them off, we destroyed as much 
as we could, and then, dashing on again, came up with the enemy in 
full retreat. We succeeded in taking two large guns, and numbers 
of camels and carts. There were several elephants ; but we could 
not succeed in getting any along with us, the drivers having either 
bolted or been shot down for refusing to bring the beasts on. As 
we were riding along, we came up with a man walking quietly 
along the road, covered with a blanket. One of the officers was 
going to kill him, ■when General Outram said, “ Oh, do not; he is 
only a villager so the officer pulled the blanket off the man, and 
exposed a full blown sepoy, musket belts, and all, of the Oudh 
Police. You may be sure he did not escape to tell the tale. As 
I said, we got two guns, limbers aiulall, and having yoked bullocks 
to them, off we started back to our force, where you may be sure 
we were hailed with delight. We met them at Onao, and having 
halted there for half an hour, got our tots, and some roasted 
Indian corn, and off we went again, feeling as jolly as possible. V e 
advanced on to, and right through, our ultima Ihule of the foimei 


advance, Busseerutgunge, and encamped in and about it for the 
night. Next morning we marched again, having to pass through 
the dreaded Nawabganj, which on the former occasion had always 
been held up to us as something very dreadful. However this time 
we passed through it quite safely — not a soul being seen in the vil- 
lage. On on we went towards Bunnee, wondering whether we 
should find the bridge broken and the enemy there. At last the 
bridge came in sight, and on either side what looked very like em- 
brazures; but no guns belched forth on us. On we went, crossed 
the bridge, entered the village, passed through the village, no one ! 
Our advanced men suddenly made signs of enemy ; so up we gal- 
loped, and saw a number of Sepoys bolting out of a house. They 
were too quick for us, and we only killed a few of them : but we 
succeeded in taking all their kits, among which I found the leave 
chit of a Sepoy of the 22nd Bengal Native Infantry. Two Com- 
missions of Bombay Native officers were also found there. 
What a day this was — pouring with rain in torrents, so that often 
we could not see 50 yards ahead of us. Most fortunately a kind 
friend at Calcutta had sent me a water-proof coat, which kept me 
dry — no small thing on these occasions, as you are often unable 
to get a change, and have, as we had this time, to sleep in the 
clothes we had on. Such a night too — no tents and no cover of 
any sort, the rain pouring in torrents. You may fancy how 
jolly we were. 

You, who are comfortable in your homes, and read of the 
gallant deeds of the army little know what the poor soldier 
has to go through. To him, we officers owe all the honors 
we get : but how little this is thought of when, at a well 

spread board, healths are proposed and speeches made, and 
General This and Captain That are praised to the sky for 
gallant deeds : yet it is the poor Private, through whom all 
this has been done. We forget our Privates too much on 
these occasions; and, with some few, but glorious excep- 
tions, are too prone to take all the credit, as if we had done 
it all ourselves. At dark that evening we fired a salute of 


~1 £ uns from the 24-pounders to give notice to our friends in 
Lucknow that we were coming, and during the night several 
fancied they heard a return salute : but this turned out to he a 
mistake, as the garrison in Lucknow had not heard our guns. 
Well do I remember that evening, when, looking in the direction 
of Lucknow, we heard the fire of guns every now and then. How 
anxiously we talked over the meeting with well known faces, the 
joy we should be received with, and the certainty that there were 
some still left, as proved by the firing we heard. It was indeed a 
time of anxious pleasure, after so many trials to be at last within 
fourteen miles of our gallant fellow countrymen — a most plea- 
surable feeling, mixed though it was with a tinge of grief, know- 
ing as we did that many must have been cut off during the time 
they had been shut up. Next morning the 23rd, we had breakfast 
in the open air (the rain having cleared off), and marched about 
9 o’clock. Wlien we had got about five miles I was sent back with 
half the Europeans and half the Native Cavalry to protect the 
baggage, as the enemy’s sowars were seen hovering about our 
flanks. This was rather unfortunate for me ; for a soldier always 
wishes to be to the front. However, back I went, and pulled up 
under a tope of trees about half way down the line of baggage, 
which extended, I should think, two miles along the road ; and, 
having thrown out my videttes, we dismounted to smoke. We had 
not been long seated, when up came a couple of men with baskets of 
cakes of all sorts, fresh from Cawnpore. I at once seized on them 
all, and gave them to the men, as I think a soldier on service ought 
to eat whenever he can, for he never knows when he may be able to 
get his next meal. About the same time up came a man with what 
the soldiers call pop (ginger beer), which we likewise bought ; so 
we had a very fine tiffin. When the last of the baggage had passed 
us, we mounted and rode along the line till we got about half 
way to the front, and then we pulled up again ; and so on till we 
arrived on our ground. All this time our forces had not been idle. 
A battle had been fought, which, as I was not there, I can’t de- 
scribe, but which ended as all the others have done, in our taking 


several guns and licking the rebels out of the field. The fight lasted 
till dark, and the firing appeared to us behind very heavy. When 
our services could be spared from the baggage, we rode on to the 
front ; and the first man we met gave us the glad tidings of the fall 
of Delhi, or of that part of it which so commanded the rest of the 
city, that no doubt remained as to the speedy completion of that 
business. Our usual luck attended us. No one was hurt, though 
several had narrow escapes; one man got a graze on the head, another 
on the leg, from grape. We got up just at dark : the rain had 
commenced again to pour in torrents, and the country, which 
was very flat, soon bore the appearance of a wide swamp. Wkere- 
ever we turned, the water was up to the ankles. How to pitch tents 
and make the men comfortable was the difficulty. First of all I had 
to find the tents, which were carried on elephants : but, in a pitch 
dark night, among about 150 elephants, it was no easy matter 
to find one’s own, especially as every one was howling and scream- 
ing as loud as he could. Perseverance at last succeeded; 
and I found the beasts, and at length got our men and 
ourselves under cover, though the ground inside the tents was 
not particulai-ly dry. But that was not the worst part of it. We 
could get nothing to eat, and no fires could possibly be lighted : 
so we had to content ourselves with dry biscuit and the never- 
failing tot of rum. However, we tumbled to sleep, hoping that 
to-morrow would see our toils at an end and our brethren 
in Lucknow relieved from their troubles. Morning broke — a fine 
day : the camp was regularly pitched, and we found we were not 
going on that day : so we set to work to get our kits dried, which 
were all pretty well soaking. Suddenly about 1 1 o’clock we heard 
cries of, “ The Cavalry are wanted immediately to the rear. Tire 
enemy are attacking the baggage.” We were not long in getting 
into our saddles, and having been joined by the staunch 12th Ir- 
regulars, oil we went ; but we were too late. The enemy’s Cavalry 
had come down among the baggage, and having at first been mis- 
taken for our own Native Cavalry, had got well amongst our men 
before the alarm was given. They succeeded in killing some seven 


or eight of our men and one officer; but they left 17 of their 
number dead on the road, and then had to fly. While they were 
riding down the line of baggage, they came upon some 19 prisoners 
who had been taken, who called out to be released : the sowars 
passed the word down to some Infantry, who were supporting 
them, and they advanced and succeeded in releasing them. So 
much for taking prisoners, and so much for having staunch 
Native Cavalry with us, who are constantly getting us into 
trouble one way or another. I can safely say I have never 
seen them do a single thing yet for our good : they always 
appear to me to be looking out for the first opportunity to bolt. 
Well, we got up to the scene of action : a company of rifles was 
moved forward and two of Olphert’s horse guns, with which we 
advanced ; and after giving the enemy some few rounds, which 
soon sent them, green standard and all, to the right about, we 
returned and had a quiet day of it. 

The morning of the 25th September, 1857, at last arrived. Ever 
memorable will that day be, for although no great despatch was 
written about it, the results of that day’s fighting, though at so 
greata cost, may well be looked back to with pride, not only by those 
engaged, but by the whole of the British Army : for a handful of 
Europeans forced their way through adensely populated city, every 
house of which was loop-holed, and filled with an enemy thirsting 
for their blood. Had there not been a great end to gain, this deed 
might have been put down as one of the most rash ever under- 
taken by a General : but knowing as our Generals did the immi- 
nent danger our fellow-countrymen and women were in, it was a 
deed of which we may well all be proud. Early in the morn- 
ing orders were given to send the whole of the sick and wound- 
ed, and all baggage and camp-followers, into the Alum Bagh. 
This Alum Bagh was a large garden surrounded by a high wall ; 
in the middle of the garden stood a large house, and the entrance 
to the garden was through a large archway. The force was 
told to take nothing with them but their rations in their haver- 
sacks, and the commissariat to take two day’s rations. We were all 


soon formed up; and, about 10 o’clock, the first Brigade, beaded 
by General Outram, advanced. The firing from the enemy 
commenced at once, and for some time it was kept up with much 
spirit. They had guns so placed that they regularly raked our 
force while advancing: but, notwithstanding this heavy fire, 
our men steadily pushed on, and gradually the enemy’s fire 
slackened and receded. The second Brigade also advanced on the 
left ; and, as usual, our brave troops carried every thing before 
them. We were kept behind to-day in the rear guard — the first 
time we were not in the advance. While standing under some 
trees waiting for the order to advance, one of the enemy’s round 
shot came crashing in amongst us, and struck the bough of a 
tree just over the head of one of our men, who was lighting his 
pipe. The man never moved ; he did not even cease lighting his 
pipe, but turned his head up to see where the ball had struck the 
tree : — it was one of the coolest things I have seen. At last the 
order was given, " threes right,” “ advance by sections of threes,” 
“ walk, march and off we went. Little did any of us think what 
we had to go through ; — we were all pretty new to street-fighting. 
We went on slowly, and, as we advanced, many a poor fellow 
was taken back past us in a dooly, and here and there we 
passed the bodies of our own soldiers, as well as of the 
enemy, telling too plainly what the fighting had been. We ad- 
vanced without any interruption till we arrived at the Char 
Bagh, a very large garden surrounded by a high loop-holed 
wall, just on the outskirts of the city. As we rode along, our 
heads and shoulders appeared just over the wall, giving a very 
good mark for the enemy, who were there waiting for us. They 
opened upon us ; and, I am sorry to say, one of our young Volun- 
teers, by name Erskine, was shot in the side. He was one of three 
young fellows, who came all the way from Calcutta to join us. 
Poor boy, well did he do his duty ! He died three or four days 
before we got out of Lucknow. He leaves a widowed mother in 
Calcutta to grieve for him. I hope the Government will do 
something to shew that they appreciate the services of her gallant 


boy, who gave bis life for them in their time of greatest need. 
We were ordered to dismount and walk, and thus were com- 
pletely covered from the fire of the enemy. As we got up to the 
bridge over the canal, we came across more and more dead and 
wounded. Here was the place where the Madras Fusiliers so gal- 
lantly charged and took the enemy’s guns placed in position at the 
head of the bridge; and in this charge it was we lost so many 
of our officers and men. When we came up, we found a house just 
across the bridge occupied by the gallant 7 8th Highlanders. The 
remainder of the force had turned down to the right, and pro- 
ceeded along the banks of the canal, so as to avoid going right 
through the city. The baggage (what little there was,) and doolies 
bearing their loads of wounded men, were moving on as fast as 
possible : but the road was bad, and some of the ammunition 
carts had stuck : so we were told to advance and go past 
them ; which we did till we came to some brick kilns, where 
we found young Havelock, Deputy Adjutant General, with a 
few rifle-men standing on the top of a high mound of broken 
bricks and rubbish. Here we were ordered to halt and dis- 
mount till the whole of the wounded and baggage had passed 
us. The enemy, seeing a number of us standing on this mound, 
commenced to fire on us with their rifles, and succeeded in 
wounding one of the men. At first we thought it must be our 
own men firing on us by mistake, as the whiz of the bullets 
sounded very like that of the Enfield : but we soon found out 
our mistake. The enemy were round us like a swarm of bees. Gra- 
dually all the carts and doolies passed us, and there remained 
only one cart behind. It was loaded with round shot, and had 
stuck in the road, so that it was impossible to move it. 
Every exertion was made, but without avail, and we were losing 
men so fast from the fire of the enemy, who seemed to concentrate 
their fire ora this unfortunate cart, that we were ordered to leave it. 
During all this time the Highlanders had not been idle. Surround- 
ed as they were by thousands of the enemy, they had to do their best 
to keep down their fire till the whole of the baggage had passed. 


The rebels, finding they could not dislodge them, sent out fresh 
troops and two guns to try and turn them out. Our gallant 
Highlanders charged these guns through a withering fire, and 
succeeded in spiking them : but in doing this they had three 
officers and thirty men placed hors de combat. All the baggage 
having passed on, thej r were ordered to follow. They passed us, 
while, with a Company of the 90th, we were doing our best to keep 
the rebels back from the kilns. At this time a troop of ours was 
ordered back, (why, no one can tell: as Cavalry in a narrow road with 
the enemy lining the hedges is not of much use) . But back we 
went, and there we lost two men shot dead and Lieutenant Lynch 
wounded severely. I was standing looking down the road by one 
of the kilns, when bang went a musket out of a house on my right, 
and whiz came a bullet right across my throat, and killed a man 
standing on my left. I had a narrow escape : — as it was, the skin 
of my throat was only slightly cut. All having passed, we were 
now ordered to move on. We had no sooner turned our backs on 
the enemy, than they swarmed round us like ants : every house 
and hedge belched forth its deadly fire. On, on we went, 
passing dead bodies of horses and men, and the guns, which, 
had been taken, spiked and left behind. At last we got into the 
broad street leading up to the Tara Ivotee (Observatory) where 
the Deputy Commissioner’s Kacheri used to be held. As we went 
along, no one knowing whether we were taking the right road or 
not (we had not, as it turned out, though it led us to the advance 
part of our force), we were every where met on all sides by such 
a fire as I hope I may never see again. How many men were 
knocked over I cannot say : but I know that nearly every one of 
our horses carried two men that day : for as a man was wounded 
he was immediatly put up behind one of us. Many of these poor 
fellows were again hit and knocked off the hoi’ses. On, on we 
went, the Infantry officers gallantly leading their men, rushing 
first at one house and then at another, and oh ! how many a poor 
fellow was killed— hit in the back. The 78th, who, when they 
had passed us at the brick kilns had pulled up for us again, lost 
f 2 

on this day, I believe, 120 or 130 men. At last we got 
to the corner of the Tara Kotee compound, just opposite 
a large gateway leading into the Kaisarbagh or Chief 
Palace of the Royal family ot Oudh ; and here we had to 
pass so close to the houses, that the enemy, who were in 
hundreds on the tops, actually flung stones down on our heads 
and spat on us, as we passed. One of our young fellows was 
knocked down and badly hurt by a stone thus thrown at him . 
Just as we arrived at this corner, we were delighted to see the 
blue bonnets of the 1st Madras Fusiliers, several of whom, on 
seeing us coming, had rushed out to try and keep down the fire 
of the enemy in the houses; and we saw our own Sikhs coming 
along a road to our right. It turned out that, instead of following 
the main body, we had turned up the broad street to the left past 
the Tara Kotee ; instead of going on as they did towards the river 
and passing the Tara Kotee to the right. When we got up to 
where our men were, we found them Infantry, Artillery, Caval- 
ry, doolies, and camels— all huddled together in a small square 
space, just outside the wall of the Ferad Bux Palace, close down 
by the river Goomtee : and there we remained for an hour and 
a half, the enemy every now and then firing round shot at us 
from one of the guns we had spiked and left behind us, and from 
another they had on the opposite side of the river. Fortunately 
they fired too high ; and so the balls went over our heads and pro- 
bably in among their own people. At last the order was given for 
the advance — the 78th in front this time, and we in the rear. It 
was now night, and as we passed through the streets, we found 
them quite deserted : but the fighting had been severe. It was here 
that General Neill was killed. W r e got into the garden of the 
Tara Kotee, where we were obliged to halt, as the guns were all 
pulled up by the ditches, which had been cut across the streets : — 
at last, about 2 o’clock, we got into the entrenchment, and so 
ended this memorable 25 th September, 1857. 

When we came to count our numbers, we found we had 75 
men fit for duty out of 110. Next day we had to get our heavy 


guns in, which had been left at Martin’s house, with the 90th to 
guard them : and, in getting them in, we suffered very heavy 
loss from the enemy, who at first had retired, but had returned 
in great numbers. Major Cooper and Lieutenant Crump heie met 
their death : and here it was where so many acts of gallantry were 
displayed by our soldiers. One man, Ryan, of the 1st Madias 
Fusiliers, refused to leave the wounded, who were in a house 
surrounded by the enemy ; and kept up, with some two or three 
other men, such a fire that the enemy could not effect their pui- 
pose of getting into the house to murder the wounded. For this 
Ryan is to get the Victoria Cross. Here also other men in equally 
small numbers defended themselves till burned out by the enemy : 
and here one of the 5 th Fusiliers was by mistake left asleep, 
when the rest of the men were withdrawn. When he awoke 
in broad daylight, he found himself alone and surrounded by 
the enemy : — but, nothing daunted, he cried out, “ Come on, my 
lads ; here are the saipoys /” and, rushing out, cut his way right 
through them. We lost on this day thirty-one officers and 541 
men, out of 2,500 of all ranks; which will give an idea of what 
the fighting must have been. 

We were now within the Bailly Guard, and there was no use in 
mincing matters — we were in for it. As Cavalry, we were of course 
useless : but our horses had to be fed, and the Commissariat De- 
partment were unable to give them any grain : so all we could do 
was to get grass ; and this, surrounded as we were by the rebels, 
was no easy matter. Our grass-cutters had to go out for it during 
the night, and, poor fellows, many of them never returned. Every 
day, I had men brought to me either shot dead, or wounded, in 
endeavouring to get grass for our horses ; and my heart smote me 
whenever I had to order them out, as I knew it was to almost 
certain death. Why they did not desert us I cannot imagine — as 
inside with us they had barely sufficient to keep them alive, with 
the chance of being killed or wounded every night. Our horses 
of course gradually fell off : several died of starvation ; numbers 
were shot by order; and a great many were killed by the 


enemy’s shot and shell, which used to come in pretty thick now 
and then ; — so that, when we did get out of Lucknow, out of a 
hundred horses we took in, we had about fifty-two to take out 
with us — and these so miserably thin that few of them could he 
ridden. On the evening of the third day after we got into 
the Bailly Guard, the Volunteer Cavalry got orders to hold 
themselves in readiness to move during the night : and 
about 10 o’clock, some fifty of the Volunteer Cavalry (all we 
could muster), with all the native Cavalry, started under Cap- 
tain Barrow, with Lieutenant Harding to shew the way, with 
the intention, I believe, of endeavouring to cut our way through 
the enemy to Alum Bagh. Had we succeeded in getting out, we 
should have been of great use to the little garrison there, and 
have relieved the Lucknow Commissariat of so many mouths 
requiring to be filled. We started. How many of us were to 
get through had to be proved, though we all felt it would not 
be many. It was a bright moonlight night : the enemy con- 
sequently could see our every movement. We were ordered 
to keep along the bank of the river for some way ; but before 
we had gone far we were met by such a heavy fire from 
the other side, and right in front, that our leaders deemed it 
prudent to pull up. The whole camp of the enemy was on 
the alert. Bugles blew, drums beat, and sepoys howled. We 
had two horses wounded, and two men hit, though not much 
hurt. One man was saved by having two biscuits in his pocket, 
which turned the ball. We returned— and how thankful we 
were, I leave to the imagination : for we all felt how desperate 
was the undertaking. 

As we were of no use as Cavalry inside the entienchments, we 
had a post assigned to us, known as Innes’ post, close to the 
Church — one of the most exposed posts of the works. The 
enemy were constantly peppering into it with round shot and 
shell, and no one dared shew his face any where, but whiz 
came a bullet past it. We had several men shot there— a 
number of them hit in the hand. One of our Volunteer Officers, 


Lieutenant Hearsey, was very fond of going potting at the enemy ; 
and always, after firing, lie used to look to see the effect of his 
shot. He had often been warned that while he was looking at 
one enemy, there were three or four looking at him : hut he 
never would take the advice given him, till one day, while peer- 
ing about to see what damage he had done, whiz came a bul- 
let, and wounded him in two places in the arm. Poor fellow, it 
was fortunately only a flesh-wound : but instead of getting any 
pity, every one burst out laughing. It was a great shame ; but he 
came in looking the picture of misery, and holding up his arm in 
sucli a funny way, we could not help it. He has gone down to 
Calcutta and, I am glad to say, is doing very well. 

One day while we were sitting at breakfast at Innes’ post, hang 
came a 24-pound shot right through the roof, and very nearly fell 
on one of the men, who was lying down, covering us with dust at 
the same time. We jumped up, and found out that it was one of 
our own 24<-pounders, which we had been firing at some building 
over our house ; but, through the bad practice of the officer firing, 
it had hit us by mistake ; so we sent him up the ball with our com- 
pliments, and a request to fire a little higher next time. The enemy 
were all along the south and west sides of the in trench ments, 
within (in some places) fifty 3 /ards of us; and their constant prac- 
tice was to make false attacks almost every night. These attacks 
used to commence with a tremendous fire of musketry, followed by 
heavy cannonading and loud shouting. At first we imagined 
that they were really coming on : but we very soon found out what 
it was, and hardly deigned to notice them. Not a shot used 
to he fired by us : for our men had received strict orders not to 
fire unless they saw the enemy — which they seldom did, as they 
used to sit behind loopholed walls, and blaze away as fast as they 
could, up in the air, or any where, without taking any particular 
aim, except that the bullet should fall within the Residency. 
The consequence was that, although few men were hit while at 
their posts on the walls, numbers were knocked over by the 
bullets and cannon shot, which used to be flying all day and 


night in all directions No place was quite safe : bullets used to 
come into the most out-of-the-way places. Men used to be hit 
while lying in bed, or sitting down to dinner, inside the houses. 
One officer, while asleep, had his pillow torn from under his head 
by a round shot ; and a lady, who was sitting outside her door, 
safe, as she thought, had the chair carried away from under her. 
Notwithstanding all this, it is wonderful how few were killed 
and wounded. Children used to play about, and women and 
men were constantly walking about, so accustomed to the 
whiz of the bullets that they never paid any attention to them. 
It certainly was a dreadful thing to see a cannon ball come 
rushing through a number of men and horses. I have seen two 
horses, one tattoo and three men, killed by one shot; and I 
remember on another occasion seeing the top of a man’s head 
taken off, while cleaning his horse — the ball killing the horse and 
another next to it. The suddenness with which this happens 
impresses one very much : you may see it a hundred times, and, 

I think, the hundred and first time you would have the same 
feeling — a feeling of awe at the nearness of death. 

The rebels were very short of shell and shot : — the latter they 
got by picking up what we fired at them, or by beating- iron into > 
something like shot, and now and then they used to send any odd 
thing they could get. Once they sent a smoothing iron. They 
were most persevering. We had taken most of their large guns 
from them ; but instead they had countless small guns, carrying a 
ball of 2 or 31bs. These little guns they used to place on the tops 
of houses, or any where else where they had a good command of 
us ; and certainly they did annoy us considerably. Often, after they 
had fired three or four rounds, one of our large 18 or 24-pouuders 
would open upon them : — but immediately the smoke from our 
gun had cleared away, out would pop the little gun, and, as, if in 
defiance, belch forth in its shrill broken voice another round. It 
was of no use wasting shot on them : — they used I believe to do 
this merely to draw some of our round shot out of us, of which 
they were much in want. But their shells were the most extra- 


ordinary things now and then when our shells which we threw 
at them failed to burst, they used to send them back again: but 
otherwise they had no 8 inch shells, though they had the mortars: 
so they used to make up shells of two small hand grenades, round 
which they used to put tow filled with powder. The consequence 
was, that when these things fell among us, there were always 
two reports — the first that of the tow round the hand grenades, 
which exploded arid burst, so leaving the grenade free — and then 
the second explosion of the grenade itself. At first, before we 
discovered this, we were near coming to grief, as when the first 
explosion had taken place, we thought all was over, and so used 
to rise up and perhaps rush to the spot. Then again the rebels 
used to make stone shells, which never did much damage ; and 
now and then you would hear something coming singing through 
the air, like a small barrel organ or a large Humming bird: — 
“ Hoo, woo, woo, woo, woo, woo, thud,” — it would fall close 
to you, and you’d find a large block of wood about two feet, 
or 2^ feet, long and a foot thick. I remember, one morning, 
while talking to a friend of mine not in the army, seeing some- 
thing coming through the air in our direction, which burst high 
up, and did no damage: but it was the most extraordinary 
thing in the shape of a warlike missile I have seen. When it 
burst, four or five things flew out of it in different directions, and 
went whizzing about like one of those English crackers we used 
to have at home : — but what amused me so much at the time was 
my friend’s face and the way he went dodging and wheeling about, 
trying to escape from each individual piece which he imagined 
was coming after him : and when he returned to where I was 
standing — his face red and warm-looking, and panting with exer- 
tion — I thought I should have died with laughing. 

We had been in the intrenchments about three weeks, when the 
news were whispered, “ To-morrow only half rations.” Living on 
full rations is hard enough, when you are suddenly brought down 
to it without rum or liquor of any sort : — but to be reduced to |lb. 
meat, ^lb. wheat, ^oz. salt and a pinch of rice, was rather un- 


pleasant, to think of. When. the time came, we (who had been long 
in India) did not feel it so much as the Regiments who had just 
oome out from England — men with appetites like horses : but, 
poor fellows, it could not be helped ; and I think those who were 
not wounded owe their health to their not being able to get too 
much to eat or any spirits to drink. The people who felt it, were 
the sick and wounded. For them there were no comforts — nothing 
but the hard beef and coarse chupatties : and when the little stock 
of rum and beer that was kept for the hospital was expended, they 
were indeed badly off. Many a man sunk into the grave for want of 
stimulants : hardly a single case of amputation ever succeeded ; 
and I do not think there is more than one (a drummer boy in H. 
M/s 32nd,) who lost leg or arm and lived. Many men died from 
mere scratches — the slightest almost to a certainty proving fatal : 
hospital gangrene invariably supervened, and the patient after 
great suffering died. Poor Major Stevenson of the 1st Madras 
Fusiliers was hit by a spent ball on the pit of his stomach. He 
had a kummerbund on at the time ; so that the skin was not even 
rased, and still in a few days it turned into a sore, became gan- 
grenous, and the Major died. Then scurvy broke out : and in- 
deed the hospitals were a melancholy sight. Every thing that 
could be done by the Medical Officers, was done ; but, without 
medicines or means of any sort, it was hard to fight against 
disease. The two Generals used to be constantly among the sick, 
holding out hopes of speedy relief, and doing their best to make 
the men comfortable. There were others also, who did their 
utmost to relieve the sufferings of the brave men, who had fought 
for them. I have seen fair and delicately nurtured ladies, when 
bullets were flying about like hail, when round shot and shell 
were common visitors in their houses, when many of them were 
bereft of husband, children, brothers, and all that they held dear, 
rise above their own misfortunes, and devote themselves to works 
of charity and love. When rations had been reduced as low as 
they could be (and women’s rations at the full are much less than 
those allowed men), I have seen them taking from their own small 


shares of flour and tea, making delicate chupatties with their own 
hands ; regardless of the bullets, carrying them to the sick and 
wounded in hospital ; and, lest their hair should fall down and 
annoy those on whom they were attending, they have cut it off. 
Above all, I have seen them moving about the sick, holding out 
promises of love and forgiveness and hope through the blood 
of our dear Saviour out of that Book which we are, many of 
us, I am afraid, too apt to neglect in the time of our good for- 
tune and ease. As long as English women are such, so long 
will English men be only too willing to die for them. 

The defence of Lucknow will be handed down in history as 
one of the most memorable events upon record. A few hund- 
red Englishmen, hampered with women and children equal in 
numbers to themselves, their sick and wounded daily, almost hour- 
ly, increasing, cut off from all communication with friends outside, 
indeed for some time not knowing whether there were any 
friends nearer to them than Calcutta, surrounded by a countless 
host of blood-thirsty enemies, under ceaseless fire of cannon and 
musketry, (for before the first relief under the late Sir Id. Have- 
lock reached Lucknow, the fire was such that no one dared shew 
a finger out of cover) gallantly held their own ; and not one step 
did the rebels gain upon them. If the natives of India are capa- 
ble of taking a lesson, they will long remember it, and feel how 
hopeless any attempt would be to drive the English out of India. 
In the audacity of their pride, pampered as they have been, 
lauded up to the skies as they always were, they forgot that, in 
all the deeds of arms in which they had been engaged, they had 
always been led by the Europeans. Their thought was, “ We have 
conquered the Punjab ; we have won and held India for the 
Sirkar ; now that we are tired of them, we who have done all 
this, will turn them out and set up a king of our own colour.” 
But they calculated without their host. They found it very dif- 
ferent fighting against the despised Feringees ; and they have 
now re-learnt a lesson, which was taught them a century ago 
by Clive. May they remember it ! 
c. -l 


No one, who has not seen the Residency at Lucknow, can 
foim any idea ot the fire the garrison were under. Houses 
breached (almost) with musketry were never before heard of in 
warfare : but so close were the enemy, that they had actually 
loopholed our own walls, and used to fire in on our garrison 
through these holes. They had recourse to every sort of 
expedient to overcome us, but neversucceeded. Mining was tried ; 
and, with the command they had of labour, they could sink any 
number of mines. When we had to countermine, we had no 
labourers ; and officers as well as men had to take their turn in the 
mine. But British pluck and endurance beat them. They were 
beaten at every thing. They had our sappers and miners, taught 
by us ; they had our artillery men — all these, and countless num- 
bers. We had no labourers, aud so few artillery men that 
they had to run from one battery to another as required. 
Still we beat them. Of course this continual wear on the ener- 
gies of the men told after five months’ siege. How anxiously we 
used to look for despatches from Cawnpore, which were brought 
in to us with the greatest difficulty ! How many of our messen- 
gers never returned ; and how excited every one was at the first 
newspaper being brought in in a bundle of grass ! How well 
thumbed that paper was ! No one, who has not been shut up 
for months, can realize our feelings. At last the joyful news 
was spread that the Commander-in-Chief would be at Alum 
Bagh on the 15th Inst. Then we began to count the days, and 
then when it did arrive and we heard the firing, how anxiously we 
watched from the different look-outs to see how our force was ad- 
vancing. Nextday we saw the fighting advancing towards the Dil- 
khoosha : — thenup went the Jack on the Martiniere, and, we knew 
our Chief was so far on his way to us. Next day pounding com- 
menced again ; and gradually the smoke advanced, till we saw the 
British 11 a 2 waving on the Mess house. We had not been idle those 
three days : mines had been exploded, sorties made, and positions 
taken up in advance of our old position; so that when the Mess 
house was taken, the relieved and relieving forces were close to 


each other. The Chiefs meet. The relief is complete : and in gallop 
two men, one Col. Berkeley of H. M/s 32d Regiment, the other 
Mr. Cavanagh, the head Clerk in the Chief Commissioner’s office, 
who, three days before, had made his way out of Lucknow right 
through the enemy’s camp to the Commander-in-Chief with 
despatches from General Outram — one of the most daring feats 
performed during these troublous times. He will no doubt get his 
reward : he richly deserves it. 

We were relieved. Arrangements were made for taking the 
women and children, the sick and wounded, in safety out of the 
place : — as it had been decided that Lucknow must be vacated 
for the present. Five months of hard fighting and toil, such 
as had never been undergone before, were thus to be thrown 
away: and many a man — sick as we all were of the place — 
would willingly have remained, rather than let the rebels get in 
and exult over their imaginary victory. But that it was a wise 
step, all must acknowledge. Cawnpore was threatened, and the 
sick and wounded required a large number of troops to convey 
them in safety out of Oudh. Finally orders were issued that no- 
thing was to be taken except a small bundle of necessaries : and 
then commenced the destruction of property, clothes of all sorts, 
silver, and books — some of these no doubt old friends — and the 
burning of which caused many a tear : but all felt it was better to 
destroy them, than to leave them to our cowardly foe to gloat over. 
On the night of the 22nd, all the women and children and sick 
and wounded having been sent in safety to the Dilkhoosha, the 
garrison commenced its evacuation of a place they so well knew 
how to defend, and had so nobly defended. By 3 a. m. the place was 
empty ; and next morning we arrived at Dilkhoosha, where we 
remained as the Chief’s rear guard during his march to the Alum 
Bagh. On the 25th, we marched and reached it; and there we 
are now, watching the enemy, and the enemy watching us. 

I have thus brought my account of what I did and saw down 
to the 25th November, 1857. I have said nothing of the siege 
before General Havelock’s force forced their way into Lucknow. 


I have not said much of what we did after we got in, as it was 
much the same, day after day — a continual watching the enemy, 
something like a cat watching at a hole for a mouse (we being 
the cat), with, for the first week, a sortie now and then, in order 
to destroy houses which commanded the intrenchments. 

ihe first thought that strikes one regarding this rebellion is 
that the general rising of the Bengal Army has been caused by 
a fear that we were going to interfere in some way with their 
caste — in fact, that it was entirely a matter of caste. I think it has, 
and it has not — if that can be understood. I have little doubt 
that the principal instigators will be found to be Mahommedans, 
and Mahommedans in power, connected with the King of Delhi 
and the ex-king of Oudh. There is no doubt that as long as there 
was a king of Delhi, acknowledged though in ever so small a way, 
and as long as there remained a Delhi for that king to live in, 
so long would the Mahommedans all over India hope and pray 
to see him once more seated in state on the throne. The annex- 
ation of Oudh, though, I believe, a wise and necessary mea- 
sure, has been no doubt the straw that has broken the camel’s 
back, though in a way we never expected. The sepoys, as a 
body, had nothing they could justly complain of : and it was 
imagined that they, above all, would be benefited by the annexa- 
tion of Oudh, as so many of them are drawn from that province, 
where their families are tillers of the soil, and that by the orders 
issued during the settlement many of these men’s families would be 
replaced in possession of their old landed rights; — andso they were. 
But annexation also affected the sepo3 r s in a way which they did 
not like. It made all the people of Oudh British subjects equally 
with themselves. Formerly if they had any grievance, they got 
an arzee signed by their commanding officer, which was sent to 
the resident : and the mere fact of the applicant being a sepoy 
of the Sirkar Engrez Bahadoor was sufficient, if the man had 
any right on his side, to gain his cause. After the annexation he 
found every man in Oudh, even the poorest, had an equal hearing 
with himself. — He did not like it, and so, I have no doubt, cried 

0 0 

out against annexation. That their prejudices were not inter- 
fered with is too well known : for these were allowed to interfere 
with the discipline of the Bengal army. The sepoys no doubt, and 
indeed others besides sepoys, thought that we were going to do 
away with caste. This idea was confined perhaps to the unedu- 
cated : but I think we have brought it on ourselves by thinking 
and talking so much about caste. Had the Bengal sepoy been 
taught duty first and caste afterwards, we should not have had so 
many against us. I do not for one instant urge that we ought to 
hurt their feelings as to caste : but I do strongly urge that every 
sepoy on enlistment ought to be told that he would have to 
perform his duty as a soldier notwithstanding his caste. It is so 
in Madras and Bombay, where there are many men from Oudh, 
of the very men composing the Bengal army, and you never 
hear caste named as an excuse for not performing any duty. If 
the high caste men do not like to enlist with such an understand- 
ing, there are numbers of others who will. The plea of caste was 
a false one, though no doubt it took at the time. That we 
have, as a nation, been greatly to blame in this matter, no one who 
thinks on the subject but must see. Caste has been raised above 
our own religion. Any one might endeavour to make converts, 
or do what he liked for his faith, except the Christians. " Oh, 
those missionaries !” how often does one hear, “ they ought to 
be turned out of India ; they are the cause of this mutiny — and 
indeed I have heard an officer say, that he would place any mis- 
sionary in jail whom he caught in his district, preaching or trying 
to make converts ; while another officer present said, “ If things 
had been carried on as they were fifty years ago, this mutiny 
never would have happened.” Thank God, things are not as 
they were. Then no doubt officers did know more of their 
men, and perhaps were better liked by them : but why ? I leave 
to others to answer. Let us, ere it is too late, mend our ways, 
lest God in His turn deny us. Though we have gone through 
much suffering, we have been most graciously preserved — God, 
even our God, fighting for us. Often in our engagements 


has that beautiful verse in the Psalms recurred to me ; — “ If it 
had not been the Lord who was on our side, now may Israel say : 
if it had not been the Lord who was on our side, when men rose 
up against us : then they had swallowed us up quick, when their 
wrath was kindled against us.” 

There has been a very apparent difference between the effects 
of the rebellion in our old Provinces and in Oudh ; — in the former 
there has been much more maltreatment of the Europeans by the 
villagers than in Oudh, and again they (the villagers) have settled 
down to their old occupations and resigned themselves to their 
old rulers (the British) much sooner than the people of Oudh. 
In the Provinces there were no men of weight or influence, 
who, however they might have wished it, had the power to 
assist the Government, or individual Europeans. The whole 
community was broken up into small brotherhoods. Our system 
had entirely ruined and almost wiped away the old lords of 
the country : so that when the sepoys got possession of any 
district, the villagers found themselves powerless to resist, and 
unable to protect. That the villainous and barbarous deeds 
committed have, with few exceptions, been perpetrated by the 
Mahommedans there is little doubt : and however guilty the Hin- 
doo soldiery may be, the Hindoos as a race have generally been 
the people to save and protect the Christian. In Oudh we on 
annexation systematically set to work to ruin and reduce the 
gentry and nobility of the country. To the honor of most 
of the Distrct* Officers be it said, they protested to the last 
against this policy. We were, however, forced to carry it 
through, with a view, as was stated, of restoring to the real 
proprietors their rights to the landed property : hoping that by 
so doing, we should raise up such a body of friends, as would 
hold the dispossessed men in check. How miserably this failed 
we all know. That it must have done so, all who studied the 
matter were convinced ; and now we appear surprised, that all 
these gentry, whom we ill-treated and ruined, should fight 
against us ! So evident was the falsity of the pol.'cy, that at the 


outbreak of tbe mutiny these very men whom we had so treated 
were told, that if they would remain faithful and assist the Sirkar, 
t hey should be restored to certain of their lands from which we 
had dispossessed them. With one or two exceptions, these men, 
the Talookdars of Oudh, have behaved well. Wherever any of the 
British officers in Oudh were saved, it was these men who pro- 
tected them. True, they have been in arms against us ; but is that 
to be wondered at ? Had we treated them better on annexation, 
we should have had many of those who are now opposed to us, 
on our side : and I am sure that even now they would come in, 
had they any hopes of being well treated. If they do declare for 
us, the work in Oudh will be easy enough. We shall be able to 
govern the country through them : but, without them, it will be 
no easy matter to get things settled down. 

Through the whole of these advances and engagements of 
General Havelock’s small force, the want of Cavalry and horse 
artillery has been sadly felt. We have taken guns without num- 
ber, and have always beaten the enemy ; but we have never been 
able to inflict such a punishment on them as to make them re- 
member it. They were always too quick for us. Their flights were 
certainly marvellous : we never could get up to them. Had we had 
even one good troop of Cavalry, we should have given them 
much severer lessons than they received. The only time we had 
enough Cavalry to do any thing, was, when we crossed the river 
the second time. At Mungurwarah the Volunteer Cavalry, 
about 110 strong, followed them up and took two guns : and it 
was owing to this that the enemy never stood again till we 
reached Alum Bagh : — whereas, had we been unable to follow 
them up as we did, they would, no doubt, have stood both at 
Nowabgung and Bunee, at both which places they had evident- 
ly intended to make a stand. 

And now, before I close, I must say a few words on the Vo- 
lunteer Cavalry, to which, I am proud to say, I have the honor to 
belong. On our first starting from Allahabad it consisted of 
about eighteen men and officers. On the road four more officers 



joined us ; and this was our strength through the whole of the en- 
gagements till we crossed the river Ganges the first time, when we 
were strengthened by the addition of forty men from the different 
Infantry Regiments ; and while encamped at Mungurwarrah, we 
were joined by some six or eight Volunteers, some of them officers. 
I sincerely hope the Government will take some notice of the ser- 
vices performed by those composing the corps, and shew that they 
appreciate them. New to the country, new to the service, unac- 
customed to roughing it, brought up accustomed to every luxury, 
and led to believe that on their arrival in India they would have 
the same, these young officers willingly threw themselves into 
the thick of the work, often without a tent or cover of any sort 
to shelter them from the rain or sun, with bad provisions and 
hard work. Side by side with the Privates, they took their turn 
of duty : and side by side with them they fought, were wounded, 
and some of them died. When we got into Lucknow, and were 
useless as Cavalry, they cheerfully took the musket, and night 
and day at one of the most important posts did sentry duty 
with the men. It must not be imagined that, in saying this, 
I am blowing my own trumpet. I was fortunate enough to be 
made an officer at the raising of the corps ; therefore I have 
not had to take the duties of a Private, as these gentlemen had. 
But I am, and shall ever he, proud to say, I have served with 
them in the field. Well and nobly they did their duty : and if 
Her Gracious Majesty shall grant us a medal for what we have, 
under God’s Providence, been able to do, proud may those boys 
be, when they point to the medal on their breast and say, “ I 
won this, while serving as a Private in the field.” 

Alum Bdgh , 26 th September, 1857. 


Nominal Roll of officers and gentlemen in the Volunteer Cavalary , 
with their rank in the Corps, — Capt. L. Barrow, Commandant. 

Capt. Sheehy, H. M.’s 81st, 2nd in Command. Died at Cawn- 
pore of cholera. 

Lieut. Lynch, H. M.’s 70th, Commanding Troop, succeeded 
Capt. Sheehy as End in Command. W ounded. 

Lieut. Grant, 3d Madras Europeans, Adjutant. Died at Cawn- 
pore of cholera. 

Capt. Thompson, 10th B. N. I. Serjeant, succeeded Lieut. Grant 
as Adjutant. 

Lieut. Swanston, 7th M. N. I. Q,r. Master and Commanding 
Troop. Wounded. 

Lieut. Palliser, 63d B. N. I. Commanding Troop. Wounded . 

Lieut. Chalmers, 45th B. N. I. Private; promoted to Corporal, 
and then Serjeant. 

Lieut. Bamsay, 17th B. N. I. acting Cornet of Troop. 

Lieut. Hearsey, 57th B. N. I. Trooper. Wounded. 

Lieut. Birch, 1st B. L. C. Trooper. Wounded. 

Cornet Fergusson, 8th B. L. C. Cornet of Troop. Wounded. 

Ensign Stewart, 17th B. N. I. Trooper. 

Ensign Honorable H. Hare, B. N. I. Trooper. 

Ensign Brander, 37th, Trooper. Wounded. 

Ensign Woodgate, 11th B. N. I. Trooper. 

Ensign Pearson, 27th, Trooper. 

Lieut. Wild, 40th, Ti'ooper. 

Capt. Hicks, 22nd B. N. I. Serjeant. 

Bt. Capt. Hicks, 6th B. N. I. Trooper. Wounded. 

Lieut. Brown, 56th B. N. I. Trooper. Died of cholera at Cawn- 


Mr. Anderson, acting Cornet. 

Mr. Bews, Corporal. 

Mr. Green, Corporal. Wounded. 


Mr. R. T. Goldsworthy, Trooper. Wounded. 
Mr. — Goldsworthy, Trooper, 

Mr. Tarby, Trooper. 

Mr. Erskine, Trooper. Killed. 

Mr. O’Brien, Trooper. 

Mr. Thomas, Trooper. 

Mr. Smith, Trooper. 

Mr. Berrill, Trooper. 

Mr. Yoss, Serjeant. 

Mr. Wood, Trooper. 

Mr. "Woods, Trooper. 

Mr. Abbott, Trooper. 

Mr. C. Marshall, Trooper. Wounded. 

Mr. E. Marshall, Trooper. 

Mr. Yolkers, Trooper. Wounded. 

Mr. C. Carr, Corporal. Killed. 

Mr. F. Carr, Trooper. 


. V, 

. : • v