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rsui. 1.1 

(Bulletin No. 24 was the last of Series of 1921.) 
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, 
THE ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE, 
Harrisburg, Pa., January 31, 1922. 

Bulletin I 
No. 1 J 

1. Published herewith is Circular Letter No. 6, Office of the 
Senior Instructor, Pennsylvania National Guard, pertaining to 
decisions as to payrolls for armory drills. The requirements of 
this circular letter will be carefully followed in preparing payrolls 
for armory drills for period January 1st to June 30th, 1922 : 

SENIOR INSTRUCTOR, 
PENNSYLVANIA NATIONAL GUARD, 
Box 187, Harrisburg, Pa. 

January 1. 1922. 

OIRCKLAR LETTER No. 6. 

1. Pursuant to decisions by the Chief. Militia Bureau, and 
the Finance Officer. 2620 Gray's Ferry Road, Philadelphia, Pa., 
the following method of showing grades of commissioned officers, 
and the promotion and reduction of enlisted men on payrolls, will 
be used, effective January 1. 1922 ; 

(a) Grade in which an officer is originally recognized by the 
War Department will be shown followed by number, date and 
source of authority. Successive grades held within a semi-annual 
period will be shown in a like manner. For example; — Recog- 
nized as 2nd Lt. by W. D., Jan. 1/22 ; S. O. 96 AGO, PNG, Dec. 
31/21. Recognized as 1st Lt. by W. D.. Feb. 27/22, S. O. 14 
AGO., PNG., Feb. 15/22. Recognized as Capt., by W. D. Mar. 
18/22, S. O. 88, AGO., PNG, Mar. 11/21., etc. 

{b) War Department recognition is required for every grade 
to which an officer is appointed. War Department Recognition 
is also required for the officers of any organization which is trans- 
foraied i'rom one branch of the rervice to another. It is also re- 
quired for the organization. 

(fl) The enlisted grades will be kept under the proper heading 
at all times. If a private is appointed sergeant he will be placed 
under that heading. If a sergeant is reduced to private he will 
be placed under the heading of privates. Extra sheets to accomo- 
date the additional changes will be inserted when necessary. 
Numbering will be deferred until the end of semi-annual period. 
Any blank space left under "Names, present and absent and rank," 
and under "Remarks" will be red-lined before the roll is submitted 
for pay- This to prevent insertion of additional names or re- 
marks after the roll has left the control of the organization 
commander. 

(d) In all cases the full pay status will be removed to the 
new position, and the old position eliminated as heretofore. 

(e) Instructors responsible for payroll checking will notify 
those concerned that payrolls should be prepared and submitted 
for "cheek" not less than three timeo during a semi-annual period. 
They will see that this scheme is carried out, keeping in touch 
with the situation at all times and promptly communicate with 
any unit commander who fails to submit his roll for cheeking. 

C. A. MARTIN, 
Colonel, Infantry, 
D. O. L. 

2. In reply to an inquiry relative to membership in National 
Guard units of men who hold Reserve Commission'-, under date 



[ Bui. 1. ] 2 

of January 13, 1922, the War Department advises the Militia 
Bureau as follows : 

3rd Ind. 

A. G. 210.45 ACJ-MMF-463. 
War Department, The A. G. O., January 13, 1922. To 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 

(1) Returned, inviting attention to Par. 180, S. R. 
43, W. D., August 4, 1921. There is no objection to a 
member of the Officers' Reserve Corps enlisting in a Na- 
tional Guard organization. 

By order of the Secretary of War. 

SAMUEL G. JONES, 
Adjutant General. 



(3) The following communication from the Militia Bureau, 
relative to schools for Bakers and Cooks, is published for the 
information of all concerned : 

WAR DEPARTMENT, 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

January 5, 1922. 

From : The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Colum- 
bia Militia. 

Subject: Detail of enlisted men, National Guard, to Schools 
for Bakers and Cooks. 

(1) With reference to circular letter from this Bureau dated 
September 15, 1921, on the above subject, it has been determined 
that there will be sufficient Federal funds remaining in the allot- 
ment made for that purpose, for the attendance at those schools, 
starting February 14th, of a limited number of National Guard 
enlisted men, any arm of the service. 

(2) Applications to attend these schools starting in February 
must be forwarded to reach the Militia Bureau not later than 
February 1st. 

(3) Due to lack of funds, no more National Guard personnel 
can be sent to Army service schools for this fiscal year, 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General. 



(4) The following communication from the Militia Bureau, 
relative to strength of National Guard units, is published for the 
information and guidance of all concerned : 

WAR DEPARTMENT, 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

January 6, 1922. 

From : The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Colum- 
bia Militia, and all Instructors. 
Subject: Strength of National Guard units. 

(1) Your attention is invited to the necessity for increasing 
the strength of recognized units from their recognition strength 
of 50 up to 65 within SIX MONTHS after the DATE of FED- 
ERAL RECOGNITION of the unit. The compilation made in 
the Militia Bureau at the end of January furnishes information 
which is not satisfactory to the Militia Bureau. The aggregate 
strength of the Guard as shown at the end of December was 
138,862. This is a gain of 3,607 for the month, during which 
92 new units were extended Federal recognition. If the new 



3 



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organizations averaged a strength of 50 per unit, the increase 
should have been 4,600. It is observed the increase has been 
3,607, therefore there must have been a loss in the strength of the 
old units of at least 993. 

(2) Whenever organizations of the National Guard fail to 
comply with the law and the regulations of the Secretary of War 
announced under the law, there is but one course left open for 
the Militia Bureau to follow. For this reason, the Militia Bureau 
is compelled to invite the attention of the Adjutants General to 
the fact that the enlisted personnel of old organizations should be 
on the increase and not on the decrease, and that within six 
months after Federal recognition has been extended to units with 
a strength of 50, each unit should have an enlisted strength of 
not less than 65, provided the strength for similar units for the 
Regular Army is equal to or greater than 65. 

(3) It is expected that no further action than this of calling 
the attention of the Adjutants General to this falling off in 
strength will be required of the Militia Bureau. 

(4) Attention is invited to Section 116, National Defense Act. 



(5) The following communication from the Militia Bureau 
as to issue of cairsons and caisson limbers is published for the 
information of all concerned : 



Subject: Caissons and caisson limbers for National Guard 



1. It has been decided to hereafter issue caissons and caisson 
limbers to Field Artillery bntteries of the National Guard strictly 
in accordance with Tables 38-P and 37-P (Tables of Organization, 
1920), which prescribe six caissons and six caisson limbers for 
each battery of Field Artillery and a similar number for each 
combat train. 

2. Under arrangements previously made with the Ordnance 
Department, eight each of these vehicles were furnished National 
Guard batteries, in order that the surplus caissons and caisson 
limbers could be drawn from the batteries for use with the Bat- 
talion Combat Train. 

3. The Secretary of War now directs, however, that the TJ. 
S. Property and Disbursing Officer of each State having Field 
Artillery units report all caissons and limbers in exeess_ of six 
per battery, to his Corps Area Ordnance Officer for distribution 
within that Corps Area to other newly organized units, and this 
action should be taken without delay. 

4. It is further requested that this Bureau be similarly ad- 
vised as to the number of caissons and limbers in excess of six 
per battery which will be available for distribution under the above 
instructions. 



Geo. C. Rickards, 
, Major General. 



From : 
To: 




Field Artillery. 



Geo. C. Rickards. 
Major General. 



6. The following Circular Letters of the Militia Bureau are 
published for the informaton of all concerned : 



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(Circular Letter No. 85 is the last of Series of 1921) 



WAR DEPARTMENT, 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 



January 4, 1922. 



CIRCULAR LETTER No. 1. 
From: The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Officers in 

charge of National Guard Affairs in Corps Areas, 
and Instructors, National Guard. 

Subject : Sam Browne Belt. 

1. The following extract from uniform regulations now being 
printed is published for the information and guidance of all con- 
cerned : 



OCCASION. 
For habitual wear when 
not under arms, except as 
otherwise prescribed in 
these regulations. 



ARTICLE. 

A — Dismounted. 

10. Belt, Sam Browne, 
without saber slings. 
Not to be with the 
olive-drab shirt with- 
out coat, unless under 



For habitual wear under B — Dismounted. 

arms, except as otherwise 1. Saber with slings and 

prescribed in these regula- knot. 

tions. 



»*<■** 

For Field Duty. 



G — Dismounted. 

11. Belt, Sam Browne, for 
commissioned Officers 
only. 

12. Belt, leather. For 
warrant officers. 

13. Pistol (with holster 
and 21 rounds of am- 
munition). Not car- 
ried by Chaplains. 
Carried by Officers 
of the Medical Dept. 
only when necessary 
for personal protec- 
tion. 

14. Magazine pocket (See 
item 13 above). 

15. First-aid packet (with 
pouch). 

16. Musette bag (contain- 
ing meat can, knife, 
fork and rpoon). 

17. Canteen (with cover). 



55. BELTS — a. Officers. 

(1) The Sam Browne belt will be worn at all times 
by officers outride their quarters when in service coat, 
and with the olive-drab shirt if under arms. W'aen the 
overcoat is worn, the Sam Browne belt will be worn 



5 



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under the overcoat, except in the field when the pistol 
and canteen are carried. A single shoulder strap passing 
over the right shoulder and under the shoulder loop on 
the service coat, and attached to the belt on the left side, 
will be worn at all times with the belt, except when 
equipped for field service with pirtol, leather magazine 
pocket, canteen, and first-aid packet. In this latter case 
a double shoulder strap will be worn, one strap passing 
over the right shoulder and foe other passing over the 
left shoulder. These straps will cro & in front over the 
chest and in rear on the back, each one being attached 
to the belt similarly to the single shoulder strap described 
above. The Sam Browne belt will be worn by commis- 
sioned officers only. 

************* 

2. The Sam Browne belt will shortly be available at all 
Quartenmaster General Sales Stores, and after January 15, 1922, 
can be supplied by the Officer in Charge, Quartermaster Inter- 
mediate Depot, Jeffersonville, Indiana. The cost of the belt is 
$7.50 plus postage and insurance. It is made in sizes from 32 
to 44. A 36 inch belt measures 36 inches from the center bar 
of the buckle to the center set of the five sets of holes provided 
for the buckle tongues. 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General. 

WAR DEPARTMENT, 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

January 6, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 2. 
From : The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Colum- 
bia Militia, Officers in Charge of National Guard 
Affairs, and Instructors of National Guard. 

Subject : Correspondence Courses. 

1. In connection with the corrected copy of "General Regu- 
lations for Corps Area Training Centers," issued December 22, 
1921, by the Adjutant General of the Army, particular attention 
is invited to the corrections made in Par. 5, Section 11 of these 
regulations : 

"This corrected copy of General Regulations for Corps 
Area Training Centers omits the "National Guard" from 
paragraph 5, Section 11, which states the object of Army 
Correspondence Courses. It will be noted, however, that 
in the Regulations, published separately, for the conduct 
of Army Correspondence Courses ample provision is made 
for National Guard officers to participate in these courses 
provided they volunteer." 

2. National Guard officers who volunteer to take the Army 
Correspondence Courses must understand that by so doing it in 
no manner relieves them from any duty in connection with the 
practical instruction and administration of their commands or 
the theoretical instruction as prescribed in Par. 504, National 
Guard Regulations, 1919. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

Geo. 0. Rickards, 
Major General. 



[ Bui. 1. ] 



6 



WAR DEPARTMENT, 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

January 9, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 3. 
From: The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Colum- 
bia. 

Subject : Armory Drill Pay Rolls. 

Amendatory to Circular Letter No. 80 from this office dated 
November 28, 1921, relative to armory drill pay rolls in cases of 
men transferred from one organization to another, it is requested 
that the statement referred to in subparagraph (a) be made in 
triplicate, one copy to be attached to the pay roll which is kept on 
file in the office of the Commanding Officer of the organization from 
which the man is transferred, but it is directed that the original 
and duplicate copies be forwarded to the Commanding Officer of 
the organization to which the man is transferred, the same to be 
attached to the original and duplicate copies of the pay roll and 
made a part thereof. 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General. 



WAR DEPARTMENT, 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

January 12, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 4. 

The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 
Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Col- 
umbia Militia. 
Use of U. S. Civil Authority in Courts Martial of mem- 
bers of the National Guard. 

1. Section 108, National Defense Act, gives presidents of courts 
martial, and summary court officers power to issue warrants for 
arrest of accused persons arid to bring them before a duly con- 
stituted court for trial. When such persons have disobeyed a 
written order of the authority which convened the court to report 
to such court for trial, and to enforce attendance and giving of 
testimony, in manner authorized in civil courts. 

2. Normally the enforcement of processes and sentences of a 
military court will be carried out as provided in State laws but 
if tie State has not passed such laws then the president of any court, 
or a summary court officer, may call upon the U. S. Marshal of 
the district, or one of his deputies, and it shall be the duty of such 
officers to execute all such processes and sentences and make return 
thereof to the officer who issued the process or who, as a summary 
court, imposed a sentence, or to the president of a General or 
Special Court Martial in cases of sentences imposed by such 
courts. 

3. When a United States Marshal or one of his deputies is so 
called upon to make an arrest or to serve a process, the caption 
of the warrant or process issued should show the United States to 
be the complainant and prosecutor, and not the State or a State 
official. 



From : 
To: 

Subject : 



7 [ BuL 1. ] 

4. The attached form of Warrant of Arrest has been approved 
by the Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Army in cases 
where State laws are lacking, and when it is necessary to invoke 
the assistance of U. S. civil officers in military administration In 
the National Guard. 

5. Other forms used in administration of military law are 
given in the Appendices to the "Manual for Courts Martial, U. S. 
Army", copies of which have been distributed to States. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

Geo. C. Riekards, 

Major General. 

(NOTE: The State of Pennsylvania having provided by Act 
of Legislature a system of courts-martial, and their application, 
the prrovisions of this circular letter will not apply. Attention is 
directed to Bulletin No. 4, Headquarters 28th Division, dated 
January 26, 1922, referring to a system of courts-martial. — 
Adj. Gen. Pa.) 

WAR, DEPARTMENT, 
MILITIA BUREAU, 

Washington. 

January IS, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 5. 
From: The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
> Militia. 

Subject : Disposition of excess personnel when National Guard 
organizations are changed in character in order to 
comply with the new organization of the Army. 

The following instructions have been received from the General 
Staff, under date of January 10, 1922, and are transmitted for the 
guidance of all concerned : 

"When a Federally recognized National Guard organization is 
changed in character or branch, in order to comply with the new 
organization of the Army, or in order to fit in with the allotment 
of units to a State, and such change causes any of the existing 
enlisted personnel to become surplus, in accordance with tables 
of organization for the National Guard and with National Guard 
Regulations, the following will govern : 

"(a) In cases where a change in strength is caused by a change 
in character or branch of service any resulting excess in enlisted 
personnel may be retained until such excess is absorbed by transfer, 
when such is expedient, or by routine vacancies. 

"(b) In case an organization hasi an excess of enlisted per- 
sonnel, due to its having changed its character or branch of ser- 
vice, such excess can be maintained only in the grade of private, 
and new enlistments will not be permitted until the organization 
is brought within the prescribed strength ; however, men in the 
organization may be reenlisted upon expiration of current enlist- 
ments. 

"(c) By June 30, 1923, all enlisted men in excess of the 
authorized enlisted strength for each unit must be discharged." 
By order of the Secretary of War: 

Geo. C. Riekards, 
Major General. 



[ Bui. 1. ] 8 

WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

January 16, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 6. 
From: The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Colum- 
bia Militia. 

Subject : Form for the Annual Report of Physical Examination. 

Form 95, Militia Bureau, will be substituted for Form 378-1, 
A. G. O., in making the annual reports of physical examination 
prescribed in Par. 220, National Guard Regulations, 1919, the 
heading being changed to indicate its use by inserting the word 
"Annual" before "Physical Examination" and crossing out the 
words "for appointment or promotion in the National Guard of 
the United States and the state of " in the second line of the bead- 
ing, and "Applicant for" at the beginning of the sixth line. 
By direction of the Secretary of War: 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General. 

(NOTE: Blank forms for the annual report of physical ex- 
amination can be obtained upon application to this office. Officers 
who have been ordered before a joint board for examination will 
not be required to have an additional physical examination made 
at this time. — Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington, 

January 19, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 7. 

From : The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

Subject: Appointment of additional officers for certain National 
Guard units. 

1. The following communication, received from The Adjutant 
General of the Army, is published for the information and guidance 
of all concerned : 

"AG 325.4 (12-16-21) (Miscl.) 1st Ind. MC 258-3 

War Department, A. G. O., January 10, 1922— To the Chief of 

the Militia Bureau. 

1. Your recommendation that, where peace strength tables of 
organization provide for only one officer for certain organizations 
in the Regular Army, a general exception be made to authorize one 
additional officer for such organizations in the National Guard, in 
order that qualification for armory drill pay may be assured, is ap- 
proved, subject to the provision that such additional officers will 
be appointed in the lowest grade provided in the particular branch 
of the service involved. 

2. The organizations allotted to the National Guard which are, 
at present, involved in this policy are as follows : 

Headquarters Company, Infantry Brigade. 
Headquarters Company, Infantry Regiment. 
Headquarters Company, Infantry Battalion. 
Headquarters Battery, Field Artillery Brigade. 



9 [ Bui. 1. ] 

Headquarters Battery, Anti-aircraft Regiment. 
Headquarters and Service Platoon, Engineer Battalion. 
Headquarters Corps Air Service. 
Headquarters, Balloon Group. 
Headquarters Troop, Cavalry Brigade. 
Headquarters Detachment, Cavalry Squadron. 
Headquarters Detachment, Cavalry Machine Gun Squadron. 
Headquarters and Service Platoon, Combat Engineers 

(Mounted) 
Motorcycle Company 
Motor Transport Company 
Ordnance Company (Maintenance) 
Transport Company, Artillery Ammunition Train 
Communications Section. 
3. Your recommendation that one cook (5th class) be authorized 
for Headquarters Companies of Infantry Battalions in the Nation- 
al Guard, in time of peace, is approved. 

By order of the Secretary of War: 

Harry L. King, 

Adjutant General." 
2. In accordance with the above decision, the following rulings 
are made on the appointment of additional officers in the National 
Guard units indicated : 

Headquarters Company, Infantry Brigade. — To be commanded 
by a Brigade Staff officer or aide as prescribed by Reg. Army 
T. O. and to have one additional 2nd Lieutenant. 
Headquarters Company, Infantry Regiment. — To be commanded 
by a Captain as prescribed in M. B. Modified Tables and to 
have an additional 2nd Lieutenant. 
Headquarters Company, Infantry Battalion. — To be commanded 
by Battalion Adjutant (1st Lieutenant) as prescribed by M. B. 
Modified Tables and to have an additional 2nd Lieutenant. 
One cook (5th Class) is also authorized for this unit as in- 
dicated in communication from Secretary of War quoted above. 
Headquarters Battery, Field Artillery Brigade. — To be com- 
manded by an aide as prescribed by Reg. T. O. and to have 
one additional 2nd Lieutenant. 
Headquarters Battery, Anti-Aircraft Regiment. — To be com- 
manded by 1st Lieutenant as prescribed by M. B. Modified 
Tables and to have one additional 2nd Lieutenant. 
Headquarters and Service Platoon, Auxilliary Engineer Bat- 
talion. — To be commanded by a Captain as prescribed by Reg. 
Army T. O. and to have an additional 2nd Lieutenant. 
* Headquarters Corps, Air Service.- — To be commanded by the ad- 

jutant (Captain) as prescribed by Reg. Army T. O. and to 
have one additional 2nd Lieutenant. 
Headquarters Balloon Group. — No additional officers authorized 
for this unit. To be commanded by the Group Adjutant (a 
Captain) with a 1st Lieutenant assistant, as prescribed in 
Reg. Army T. O. 
Headquarters Troop, Cavalry Brigade. — To be commanded by 
a Captain as prescribed by M. B. Modified Tables and to have 
one additional 2nd Lieutenant. 
Headquarters Detachment, Cavalry Squadron. — To be com- 
manded by 1st Lieutenant on Squadron Headquarters Staff 
with 2nd Lieutenant as Assistant, as prescribed by M. B. 
Modified Tables now in force. 
Headquarters Detachment, Cavalry Machine Gun Squadron. — 
To be commanded by 1st Lieutenant on Machine Gnn Squad- 
ron Headquarters Staff with 1st Lieutenant as assistant, as 
prescribed by M. B. Modified Tables now in force. 



[ Bui. 1. ] 



10 



Headquarters and Service Platoon, Combat Engineers, (Mount- 
ed). — No additional officers are authorized for this unit. To 
be commanded by a Captain with a 1st Lieutenant as assis- 
tant, as prescribed by M. B. Modified Tables now in force. 

Motorcycle Company. — To be commanded by a 1st Lieutenant 
with a 2nd Lieutenant as assistant, as previously prescribed 
in M. B. Modified Tables. 

Motor Transportation Company. — To be commanded by a 1st 
Lieutenant with a 2nd Lieutenant as assistant, as previously 
prescribed in M. B. Modified Tables. 

Ordnance Company (Maintenance) . — To be commanded by a 
1st Lieutenant with a 2nd Lieutenant as assistant, as pre- 
viously prescribed in M. B. Modified Tables. (This applies to 
unit wiith both Inf. and Cav. Divisions.) 

Transport Company, Artillery Ammunition Train. — To be com- 
manded by a 1st Lieutenant, as previously authorized and to 
have an additional 2nd Lieutenant. 

Communication Section, Air Service. — To be commanded by a 
1st Lieutenant, as prescribed in Reg. Army T. O. and to have 
an additional 2nd Lieutenant. 

3. The additional officers hereby authorized may be appointed 
as soon as desired by the State authorities. Such appointments, 
however, are not compulsory, and if desired the State authorities 
may follow the figures prescribed by the Regular Army Tables of 
Organization for commissioned personnel. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General. 



By ordef of WILLIAM C. SPROUL, 

Governor and Commander-in-Chief. 

F. D. BEARY, 
The Adjutant General. 

Official: 



Adjutant. 



r 



« 



[Bui. 31* 



COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, 
THE ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE, 

Harrisburg, Pa., April 13, 1922.. 

Bulletin / 
No. 3. | 

1. In reply to an inquiry made of the Militia Bureau rela- 
tive to pay of Captains commanding" Brigade Headquarters - 
Companies, information was received as follows: 

1st Ind. 

War Department, Militia Bureau, February 25, 1922— To > 
the Adjutant General of Pennsylvania. 

1. Captains commanding' Brigade Headquarters Com-t- 
panies are entitled to the $240.00 additional pay per year 
authorized by Section 109 of the Act of June 3, 1916, as- 
amended. 

2. In connection with Circular Letter No. 54, dated.; 
August 16, 1921, referred to in the foregoing communica-;- 
tion, it may be stated that the intent of this letter was to-> 
state that pay shall accrue only to captains commanding,; 
companies, troops and batteries, or units and detach- 
ments similar to a company and organization for admin- 
istration, which maintain a strength of not less than 50' 
enlisted men. From this it will be seen that a Brigade 
Headquarters Company is a company within the meaning; 
of the law. 

John W. Heavey,, 
Colonel, Infantry, U. S. A.„ 
Acting Chief of Bureaus 



2. Inquiry was made relative to instructions for preparing 
armory drill payrolls, which was referred to the Finance Of- 
ficer, U. S. A., Philadelphia, Pa., and reply received as per 
indorsement herewith, and which is published for the in- 
formation of all concerned, together with instructions to all 
instructors and officers of the National Guard dated Tune 2„ 
1921: 

2nd Ind. 

Finance Officer, Phila., Pa., March 3, 1922. — To Adjutant-- 
General of Penna., Penna. National Guard, Harrisburg,. 
Penna. 

1. Returned, with the information that copy of the 
only available data regarding National Guard armory drill ; 
pay in concrete form received from the Headquarters . 
Third Corps Area, Fort Howard, Maryland, is inclosed. 
It will be noted that these instructions were sent to all 
instructors and all officers of the National Guard in the 
State of Pennsylvania. 

2. In connection with Paragraph 23 of these instruc- 
tions, you are advised that under recent decision of the 



IBul. 31 



2 



Comptroller, no enlisted man can receive armory drill pay 
unless he attends sixty per cent of the drills ordered for 
the organization each month, whether or not the soldier 
was a member of the organization during the entire month. 
In the case of transfers remarks on pay roll must show 
in the case of officers, that there were fifty percent of the 
commissioned strength and sixty percent of the enlisted 
strength at each drill for which pay is claimed and in the 
case of enlisted men, the remarks on pay roll must show 
that they attended sixty percent of the ordered drills each 
month. In order to avoid duplicate payments, service in 
different organizations during the six months' period will 
only be settled with the organization where the man was 
on December 31, 1921. 

3. Your attention is invited to the Act of Congress ap- 
proved June 4, 1920, regarding armory drill pay. 



Subject: Preparation of payrolls. 

1. The following instructions relative to the preparation of 
National Guard payrolls for the period ending June 30, 1921, 
are furnished for your information and guidance. A careful 
observation of the suggestions contained herein and a re- 
checking of payrolls before being submitted for payment, to 
ascertain if all suggestions have been complied with, will ex- 
pedite payment to organizations of the National Guard. 

2. All organizations should be organized and graded in ac- 
cordance with the tables of organizations for each unit, care 
being taken that the correct number of enlisted men in each 
grade be not exceeded. 

3. Organizations whose designations have been changed 
during the period January 1 — June 30, 1921, should comply 
carefully with the instructions issued in Circular Letter No. 
5, of the Militia Bureau, January 26, 1921. 

(a) Units that have simply had their letter designations 
changed to another letter of the same regiment will continue 
their original payroll, making notation of the date and auth- 
ority for change in the letter designation. 

(b) For units which change from one branch to another 
or which are given a radically different designation within the 
regiment (such as the conversion of a lettered Infantry Com- 
pany or a Machine Gun Company into an Infantry Howitzer 
Company), a payroll should be prepared for the old unit 
covering that portion of the six months period preceding the 
issuance of the State order. This pay roll should be indorsed 
to show that the unit was, by cited authority, converted into 
another unit. A separate payroll should be prepared covering 



S. B. Mclntyre, 
Lieut. Colonel, Finance Dept. 



From 
To: 




3 



[Bui. 3J 



the drills of the new unit for the period following issuance of 
the State order, and this roll should also be indorsed to show 
the authority for the change in the unit's designation. The 
two payrolls should be forwarded together at the close of the 
six months period. This notation should be entered on the 
last sheet of the payroll in the form of a certificate, signed by 
the commanding officer of the organization. 

4. On the first sheet of payroll, Form 367, the following 
requirements should be carefully observed. 

(a) Certificate of the Commanding Officer of the com- 
pany, at the upper left hand corner of the first page, should 
be properly signed. 

(b) The certificate to which the commanding officer is 
sworn and subscribed, should be identical with the wording 
in Par. 3, Cir. 4, Militia Bureau, which amends the printed 
certificate on Form 367 by the following addenda: — "That all 
officers and enlisted men on this roll qualified as members of 
the National Guard by the prescribed oath on the date set 
opposite their names under "Remarks," and that this organiza- 
tion was recognized as National Guard (correct date), and that 
this payroll is correct under existing laws and regulations." 

(c) Care should be taken that where the oath has been 
taken before a Notary Public, the payroll should bear the 
imoress of the notarial seal and signature of the Notary Pub- 
lic." 

5. In the column of "Remarks," in the case of each mem- 
ber of organization who received Federal pay during the 
period for which payroll is submitted, a notation should be 

made as follows: — "Received Federal pay from 

To , inch" 

6. Under "Remarks,'' in the case of each member of the 
organization, the date of qualification should be shown, and 
in the case of commissioned officers, date of recognition by 
the War Department. 

7. Captains commanding organizations are entitled to $240. 
per annum in addition to armory drill pay. Remarks should 

show him as commanding organization from 

to Majors or Lieutenants commanding or- 

ganizations are not entitled to such pay. 

8. When a member of the organization has been promoted 
or reduced during the period of the roll his name, remarks 
and the notation of drill attendance on the drill report should 
be crossed out by drawing a line through with red ink, and 
a notation made showing why his name was eliminated; then 
at the end of the roll his name should be given under his rank 
at the termination of the period and his complete status, i. e., 
date of qualification, date and order of promotion or reduc- 
tion, etc. and all drills attended during the entire period should 
be shown on the drill reports opposite his name. In ail 
changes of grade, both old and new grades must be shown, 
together with number, date and source of order. 

9. In cases of transfer, the number of drills in each grade 
for which pay is due on account of drills attended in prior 



[Bui. 31 



4 



units must .be shown on the rolls of his present unit under 
"Remarks." 

10. When nun are discharged and re-enlisted during the 
period, both old and new dates of enlistment and qualifica- 
tions should appear under "Remarks," and in cases of non- 
commissioned officers, the notation "Warrant continued upon 
re-eniistment." 

11. The maximum number of drills in a year for which 
pay is authorized is 60, the monthly maximum being 5 for 
officers and 8 for enlisted men. Conditions for qualification 
for pay arc clearly set forth in Sees. 109 and 110 of the Nation- 
al Defense Act. 

12. The original copy of payroll should be made on type- 
writer using record ribbon only. Carbon copies of rolls must 
be exact duplicates of the original, and all erasures, changes, 
interpolations, etc. must be initialed by the unit commander 
with pen and black ink on each roll Payrolls submitted 
should not be signed by members of the unit, as all payments 
are made by check — (see Par. 942, N. G. R.). 

13. Credit for drills cannot be claimed prior to the date of 
actual qualification of the enlisted man joining an organiza- 
tion which has been accorded Federal recognition. Members 
of an organization at date of Federal recognition are entitled 
to pay for drills from and including date of such recognition. 
An officer is only entitled to pay from and including date of 
his Federal recognition as an officer of the National Guard. 

14. The attendance at not less than 60% of the ordered 
drills or other exercises prescribed in each month is the 
minimum for compensation of enlisted men. The Comptrol- 
ler of the Treasury has decided that no fractional part of a 
drill enters into the computation and that any number less 
than 60% is insufficient to qualify. 

15. A National Guard officer who is receiving instruction 
under the provisions of Sec. 99, National Defense Act, may 
be considered as present at drills of his organization insofar 
as such attendance affects the rights of other members to pay 
under the provisions of Sec. 109 of the same Act, as such an 
officer will be receiving the regular pay of his grade. Ap- 
propriate remarks should be made on the payroll to show 
that he is not entitled to armory drill pay for the period dur- 
ine which he receives the regular pay of his grade. 

16. Enlisted men who are students at the Service Schools 
may be credited as present at drills or other assemblies inso- 
far as determining the required 60% of enlisted men to qualify 
officers for pay. Enlisted men who are actually in attendance 
at military training as members of the R.O.T.C. may also be 
included. Remarks in each case should clearly state the ex- 
act status of such detached service. 

17. In order to compute the armory drill pay as provided 
in Sec. 487, Act of June 4, 1920, in cases of enlisted men of 
grades 6 and 7 the additional compensation for the specialists 
rating cannot lawfully be included. However, in submitting 
payrolls, the specialists rating which an enlisted man holds 
should be shown. 



3 



[Bul. 31 



18. In time of peace the appointment of warrant officers 
in the National Guard will be limited to band leaders. Until 
Congress shall have provided funds for the payment of war- 
rant officers, National Guard, and fixed the rate of pay for 
armory drills, band leaders of the National Guard will be ap- 
pointed master sergeants and will be paid accordingly for 
both encampment services and armory drills. See Circular 
Letter No. 4, Chief, Militia Bureau, 1921. 

19. Following decision of Secretary of War quoted "Au- 
thority is granted such National Guard units as have been 
Federally recognized and have been, or are, doing military 
service in the field under competent State orders, to claim 
credit for drill periods while on such duty, provided that the 
character and length of such drills, and the required attend- 
ance, as provided by National Guard Regulations, have been, 
or are observed; that not more than one drill period per day 
shall be allowed credit, and that the total number of drills 
during the semi-annual period concerned does not exceed the 
prescribed maximum so far as drill pay is concerned." 

20. On Form 367b, Record of attendance of Drill, care 
should be taken to show the character of drill or assembly, 
duration of drill in hours, and date of drill. In column 
marked "Total," only the number of drills for which pay is 
due should be shown. Officers are paid only when 50% of 
the commissioned strength and 60% of the enlisted strength 
are present. Enlisted men are paid only when they attend 60% 
of the ordered drills each month. To indicate present write 
the letter "P" in the proper column, and for absent write "A" 
in the proper column. In figuring the number of drills for 
which pay is due, to be shown in "Total" column, the follow- 
ing tabic is furnished: — 



If 1 drill ordered, attendance necessary at 1 drill 
n j it h a ti n n a 




21. Specialists should be carried on the rolls as of their 
base grade of private or private first-class. In "Remarks" old 
grades such as cook, mechanic, etc. should be indicated in 
parenthesis in order to afford information upon which to 
check the number authorized, as well as the rating being that 
authorized. 

22. Assemblies for parades as Memorial Day, Independ- 
ence Day, Armistice Day and on occassions of fairs, funerals, 
etc. cannot be ci edited as one for which drill pay is due. 
Following indorsement from the Chief of Militia Bureau 
quoted "In view of the present provisions of law governing 
armory drill pay, no credit for armory drills will be given for 
detachments attending rifle practice, or for attendance at non- 
commissioned officers' schools, or for any other, attendance 



IBul. 3J 



6 



than actual armory drills prescribed as such for the entire 
personnel of the unit" (MB 240-91 Wis., Feb. 28, 1921). 

23. Men enlisting during a month are entitled to pay for 
drills attended that month if they attend 60% of the maximum 
number possible from and after date of enlistment. 

24. Inspection for Federal recognition is authorized as a 
drill for purpose of pay. 

25. Supplementary payrolls should be prepared and sub- 
mitted by the unit commander in all cases where it is shown 
that armory drill pay has been unduly withheld. 

26. In an indorsement dated May 26, 1921, the Chief of 
Militia Bureau recommended that separate payrolls be pre- 
pared for the Battalion Headquarters and Battalion Headquar- 
ters Company. Similar action should be taken in submitting 
payrolls for Brigade Headquarters and Brigade Headquarters 
Company. 

27. It is particularly important that sufficient space be left 
between names on payrolls to allow for the insertion of neces- 
sary remarks. The data on payrolls submitted for the period 
July 1st to December 31st was crowded together on lines to 
such an extent that numerous organizations were required to 
submit new payrolls in order that correct calculations relative 
to payment could be made. 

28. Where stoppages are entered in the column of "Re- 
marks" against enlisted men, such entries should be explicit 
as to the nature of property, i. e., Ordnance, Quartermaster 
Corps, etc. as the collections are credited to the different 
classes of property appropriations. 

29. In the cases of enlisted men separated from the serv- 
ice during the period January 1st to June 30, 1921, remarks 
should show the reason for such separation, i. e., expiration 
of term of enlistment, and when discharged under the pro- 
visions of Par. 359, N. G. R. the authority for discharge and 
the exact reason for such separation should be given. 

30. The instructions governing the making out of payrolls 
and drill reports require that on Form 367a the heading of the 
first column "number of days pay due" be changed to "number 
of drills pay due," and that organization commanders fill in 

this column the total number of drills for which a member of «. 
the organization is entitled to pay. Care should be taken 
that this total agrees exactly with the sum of the totals shown 
each month on record of attendance of drills opposite each 
man's name. A considerable amount of delay in payment of 
payrolls for the period ending December 31st, 1920, was 
caused by errors in stating different number of drills attended 
on drill reports and payrolls, and indicated that organization 
commanders did not make this check with accuracy, which 
is absolutely necessary. 

By command of Major General CRONKHITE; 

E. R. Householder, 

Acting Adjutant. 

3. An officer of the Medical Corps, 28th Division, referred 
to the enlistment of ex-service men who have a disability 
received while in service, and who are under compensation, 



7 



[Bui. 3] 



and asking as to waiver of the physical defect, and in case of 
enlistment whether compensation would be canceled. Reply 
was made by 5th Indorsement from Militia Bureau, reading 
as follows: 

5th Ind. 

War Dept., Militia Bureau, March 3, 1922. To: The Ad- 
jutant-General of Pennsylvania. 

1. It is not the policy of this Bureau to waive defects 
which are other than slight and of such a character as 
would not cause rejection, if called into Federal service. 

• It is therefore suggested that the requirements as to 

physical condition contained in Armv Regulations 40- 
105, 1921, be strictly complied with. 

2. A decision of the Director, War Risk Insurance 
(Letter to the Militia Bureau, March 26, 1920), holds that 
enlistment or appointment in the National Guard does not 
affect the compensation payable to men by the Govern- 
ment for disabilities authorized so long as such disabili- 
ties continue or until such time as the beneficiary is called 
into the service of the United States and starts to draw 
service pay from the United States. Compensation must 
then cease as it is forbidden under the law for a man to 
draw both service pay and compensation. In accordance 
with the preceding, the Militia Bureau has ruled that a 
man who is drawing compensation and who enlists in the 
National Guard (although his acceptance by the military 
authorities without the notation of the disability for which 
he is receiving compensation may be taken as evidence 
to be considered as to whether or not disability still ex- 
ists), does not forfeit his compensation and is eligible for 
armory drill pay and for pay for the fifteen days of 
annual training each year from the Federal government; 
for the man is considered as eligible for the classes of pay 
mentioned without having been called into the service of 
the United States. 

By direction of the Secretary of War: 
m John W. Heavey, 

Colonel, Infantry, 
Acting Chief of Bureau. 



4. In the case of a Brigade Headquarters Company, state- 
ment was made that the total enlisted strength was 51, and 
information requested whether or not regulations would allow 
this strength to be paid for drills, and would the last man 
qualified receive drill pay. To this inquiry reply was made 
by 3rd Indorsement of the Militia Bureau as follows: 

3rd Ind. 

War Dept., Militia Bureau, March 4, 1922. To: The Ad- 
jutant-General of Penna. 

Returned, inviting attention to Circular Letter No. 5, 
dated January 13, 1922. If the extra man was not ob- 
tained by transfer as referred to in this Circular Letter, 
he tcv- ill nevertheless be entitled to pay for attending 



[Bui. 31 



8 



armory drills but unless the organization is being used 
for recruiting purposes no more men should be enlisted. 
Louis C. Wilson, 

Maj. Chief, Finance & Property Br. 
For Maj. Gen. Geo. C. Rickards, 
Chief of Bureau. 



5. In the case of a company organization, three deserters 
were reported with loss of equipment, and checks were sub- 
sequently forwarded on account of drill pay, and information 
was requested whether or not these checks could be used as 
part payment against the statement of charges made against 
these deserters. Reply was made by Militia Bureau, reading 
-as follows: 

1st Ind. 

War Department, Militia Bureau, March 29, 1922.— To 
The Adjutant General of Pennsylvania. 

1. Returned, with information that the proper pro- 
cedure to follow relative to checks due deserters for 
armory drill pay who are accountable for Federal prop- 
erty, is to have the lost property surveyed and to forward 
such report, together with the checks due the deserters 
for drill pay, to the Finance Officer who drew the checks, 
noting on the supplemental pay rolls the amount due the 
Federal Government for the lost property. The Finance 
Officer should be requested to cancel the checks referred 
to in the foregoing communication and to draw new 
checks payable to the order of the Disbursing Officer of 
the Militia Bureau for the amount of the lost property. 
These new checks, together with report of survey, should 
be forwarded to the Chief of the Militia Bureau, and upon 
receipt of such, the funds will be deposited with the 
Treasurer of the United States to the credit of the State, 
as provided by Section 87 of the act of June 3, 1916. If 
the amount due the enlisted man is insufficient to cover 
the value of the property for which the enlisted man is 
accountable, the State authorities should forward a check 
for the difference and upon receipt of refundment for the 
total value of the property, action will be taken on the 
survey report to relieve the State authorities from the 
accountability for the property. 

2. If there is a balance due the. deserter for armory 
•drill pay after deducting the amount due for the lost 
property, no check should be drawn for such balance, as 
a deserter would not be entitled to the balance due him. 

Louis C. Wilson, 

Major, Chief, Finance and Property Branch 
For Major General Geo. C. Rickards, 
Chief of Bureau. 



6. Report was made by a company commander that en- 
listed men transferred from other organizations were en- 
titled to drill pay, both in the previous and present organiza- 
tion, and information was requested to the exact method of 
reporting such men and obtaining the necessary pay for at- 
tendance at drills. This request was forwarded to Finance 



9 



[Bui. 3] 



Officer, U. S. A.. Philadelphia, Pa., who replied under date 
of April 4th as per indorsement herewith: 

4th Ind. 

Finance Officer, Phila.. Pa.. April 4, 1922. To: Major 
R. H. Jacob. D.O.L.. Instructor Penna. National Guard, 
Erie, Penna., Through Adjutant General, Penna. Na- 
tional Guard, Harrisburg, Pa. 

1. Returned. For your information, you are advised 
that a good method for noting drills in column of re- 
marks for all organizations is as follows: By expressing 
the number of drills attended and ordered by fractions, 
the numerator to represent the number attended by the 
» enlisted men and the denominator to represent the num- 

ber ordered by the Commanding Officer, i. e., July 4/5; 
August 2/2; September 4/7; etc. In cases of transfer the 
number of drills in each grade for which pay is due on 
account of drills attended in prior organizations and the 
date of federal recognition by the War Department of the 
prior organization must be shown on the pay roll of the 
present unit, as Officers and enlisted men are paid for the 
full period of service on the pay roll of the organization 
of which they are a member on the last day of the semi- 
annual period. A model remark would be as follows: 
"Qual. 2/17/21. Fr. Cpl. to Pvt. and trans, fr. 
Co. B 8/15/21 per RSO 41 sd. Co. B recog. by 
WD 11/12/19. Attd. drills Julv 4/4 August 3/5 
(As Cpl. with Co. B) Aug. 2/4 Sept. 4/4 Oct. 5/6 
Nov. 4/5 Dec. 4/5. 

Total Attd. for which pay has accrued 7 as Corpl; 

and 17 as Pvt. with this org. Paid for 29 drills 

Period Jan. June 1921." 
It will be noted that the two drills attended out of two 
ordered in organization after transfer, did not entitle 
soldier to pay for the reason that 60% of the ordered 
drills for the month of August were not attended. 

2. Your attention is invited to the correspondence in 
connection with National Guard pay rolls, especially in 
regard to the pay of enlisted men. Instructions have been 
, forwarded through Headquarters Third Corps Area, Fort 

Howard, Maryland, under date of June 2, 1921 to all in- 
structors and all officers of the National Guard in the 
Third Corps Area and it is believed to be unnecessary to 
delay payments on accounts of incomplete remarks on 
pay rolls such as have occurred during the last semi- 
annual period. There has been no provision for addition- 
al clerical help in this office for the computation and pay- 
ment of these pay rolls and in order to meet the demand 
of the current work, and additional correspondence of 
this, nature greatly handicaps this office. It is suggested 
that organization commanders be instructed to read care- 
fully the instructions regarding preparation of pay rolls 
for armory drill pay, before submitting letters regarding 
same. 

S. B. Mclntyre, 
Lieut. Colonel, Finance Dep't. 



[Bui. 3] 



io 



7. The following communication of the Militia Bureau is 
published for the information of all concerned: 

WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington 

March 3, 1922. 

From: The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To: The Adjutants General, U. S. Property and Dis- 

bursing Officers of all States, Territories of 
Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of 
Columbia Militia, and Instructors of National 
Guard. 

Subject: Advance copy of Bulletin. 

The following advance copy of Bulletin No. 3, War De- 
partment, February 28, 1922, is published for the information 
and guidance of all concerned:— 



Bulletin | 
No. 3. j 

WAR DEPARTMENT, 
Washington, February, 28, 1922. 

Expense accounts of officers and noncommissioned officers 
on duty with the National Guard. — Paragraph 2, Bulletin No. 
42, War Department, 1919, is amended to read as follows: — 

2. Orders directing travel of the character mentioned in 
paragraph 1 will be issued by the War Department or by de- 
partment or corps area commanders. Vouchers covering 
travel ordered by the War Department will be sent directly 
to the Chief of the Militia Bureau for settlement. Those 
covering travel ordered by department or corps area com- 
manders will be sent to and settled by the finance officer of 
the department or corps area issuing the order. When any 
or all of the travel is over land-grant or bond-aided road, 
transportation requests should be used, as when not used re- 
imbursement for railroad fare in excess of the cost of same 
to the Government, had transportation requests been used, is 
not authorized. Transportation requests may also be used 
for such travel where no land grant is involved, when the 
cost of such travel amounts to $5 or more. Transportation 
requests will not be used for travel, where no land grant is 
involved, when the cost is less than $5. In accordance with 
these instructions, when desired by officers or non-commis- 
sioned officers so detailed, application may be made to the 
nearest quartermaster for transportation requests covering 
railroad and Pullman fare, and, in addition, in the case of non- 
commissioned officers when changing stations, commutation 
of rations to their station. A statement to the effect 
that such transportation and commutation of rations have or 



11 



[Bui. 3] 



have not been furnished must be attached to the expense 
voucher submitted for payment, as required above. 
(300.53, A. G. O.) 
By order of the Secretary of War: 
Official: 

P. C. Harris, 

The Adjutant General. 

John J. Pershing, 
General of the Armies, 

Chief of Staff. 
By direction of the Secretary of War: 

John W. Heavey, 
Colonel, Infantry, 
Acting Chief of Bureau. 



8. The following communication of the Militia Bureau 
relative to the issuance of arm racks is published for the in- 
formation of all concerned: 

WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA_ BUREAU 
Washington 

March 31, 1922. 

From: The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To: The United States Property & Disbursing Officer 

(thru the Adjutants General of all States, Ter- 
ritories of Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the Dis- 
trict of Columbia Militia). 

Subject: Arm Racks. 

1. Requisitions are being received in the Militia Bureau 
tor arm racks for the National Guard, but Federal funds ap- 
propriated for transportation for the present fiscal year are 
insufficient to permit shipments thereof prior to June 30th, 
next, and the arm racks cannot therefore be supplied unless 
the authorities of the various States are willing to pay trans- 
portation charges. 

2. In view of the above, no action will be taken with re- 
gard to arm racks included on requisitions which have been 
forwarded to the Militia Bureau, unless information is received 
that the transportation thereof will be arranged without 
charge against Federal funds. 

3. Requisitions for arm racks may be submitted after July 
1, 1922, and they will then be furnished if funds for the new 
fiscal year permit. 

4. If arm racks have been previously requested and not 
received, notation to that effect should be placed on new 
requisitions in order that duplications of issue may be avoided. 

By direction of the Secretary of War: 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General. 
(NOTE: Requisition should be made immediately preced- 
ing July 1, 1922, by all organizations not having arm racks 
and sent to the U.S. P. & D. Officer. Attention is invited to 
the requirements of Par. 4. — Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



[Bui. 3] 



12 



9. The following circular letters of the Militia Bureau are 
published foi the information and guidance of all concerned: 

WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington 

February 28, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER No. 17. 
From: The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of 
Columbia Militia. 
Subject: Absentees to be reported on Strength Returns of 
National Guard Organizations. 
The Adjutant General of Ohio has raised the question as 
to what cases should be listed as "Absent" in this column on 
the Strength Returns of National Guard units and in order 
that the States will use the same methods in preparing these 
returns the Militia Bureau rules as follows: 

1. All personnel which would be available for a call 
within a period of twelve hours should be carried as 
present. 

2. All personnel away from the city, town, or States 
and which would not be available for said call should be 
listed as Absent. 

By direction of the Secretary of War: 

John W. Heavey, 
Colonel, Infantry, 
Acting Chief of Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington 

March 3, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER No. 18. 
From: The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of 
Columbia Militia. 

Subject: Armory Drill Pay. 

1. By a decision of the Comptroller General, dated Febru- 
ary 24, 1922, you are informed that in regard to officers quali- 
fying for armory drill pay it is necessary that 60 per centum 
of the ACTUAL enlisted strength be present, THAT AC- 
TUAL ENLISTED STRENGTH being not LESS than the 
MINIMUM required for FEDERAL RECOGNITION. 

2. Thus an organization such as an Infantry Company 
which, under the present law, may be federally recognized 
with an enlisted strength of fifty men, must have a drill at- 
tendance of at least 60 per cent of fifty, i. e., 30 enlisted men, 
before the officers of the company can qualify for armory 
drill pay. 



13 



LBul. 3] 



3. The officers of such a company that lias fallen below 
its recognition strength of fifty enlisted men cannot qualify 
for armory drill pay unless at least 30 enlisted men are present 
for the armory drill regardless of the actual strength of the 
units. 

By direction of the Secretary of War: 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington 

March 4, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER 
NO. 19. 

From: The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of 
Columbia Militia. 

Subject: Establishment of community interest in the Nation- 
al Guard. 

1. The following article taken from the quarterly report 
of Lieut. Colonel William S. Faulkner, Infantry, Senior In- 
structor, Texas National Guard, is considered of such merit 
as to warrant its being published for the information of the 
entire National Guard: — 

"CONCERNING NATIONAL GUARD COMMAND- 
ERS—THEIR UNITS— COMMUNITY INTEREST 
By Lt. Col Wm. S. Faulkner, Infantry, U. S. A,. 
Senior Instructor, Infantry, Texas N. G. 
"1. The successful National Guard organization com- 
mander realizes that his duties and efforts in behalf of 
the success of his unit do not cease with his mere 
presence on the armory floor, conducting drill once a 
week. Important as drill is, he knows that, in addition 
thereto, the success of his organization depends upon con- 
stant scheming, planning and devising ways and means 
to hold the interest of his men — who are working for a 
living — attract them to the armory, and to create so 
strong a desire in each member to be at the armory on 
drill and meeting nights that nothing avoidable will be 
allowed to prevent. He knows that the success of his 
command further depends upon arousing and maintain- 
ing such a community interest in all quarters that there 
will be permanently established a moral support and con- 
stant atmosphere of encouragement and public interest 
as will assure such success. He knows that in order to 
establish this feeling bteween his community and his 
company, he has got to do the following things: 

(a) Create an organization, the personnel of which 
will command the respect of the community. 

(b) With this personnel, create such an efficient, well 
drilled, well instructed, well disciplined and well behaved 



[Bui. 3] 



14 



organization that public attention will always be favor- 
ably attracted to it and public pride aroused, deserved 
and held. Thus making the organization an acknowl- 
edged, accepted, desirable and fixed feature of the com- 
munity-. 

(c) Induce the community to believe the fact that the 
Guard is a most valuable asset and deserves a high place 
in its estimation. That it ranks high amongst the most 
potent factors for the preservation of LAW and ORDER, 
LIFE and PROPERTY, in the COUNTRY at large and 
in the STATE, COUNTIES, CITIES and TOWNS. 
That the MORAL EFFECT of a well ordered Guard 
company in a community may prevent the loss of LIFE 
of MEN, WOMEN, and CHILDREN, to say nothing of 
the loss of hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of 
property. That it is a splendid insurance to the com- 
munity in many ways and at a very small premium cost. 
That it is against no association, organization or union, 
but for LAW, ORDER and PROTECTION ONLY. 

(d) That the Guard organization is an institution 
legally created and accepted by the GOVERNMENT 
AND STATE and is a fixed and important part of a 
large and comprehensive scheme of National and com- 
munity defense and protection at a minimum of cost, re- 
cently provided under the NATIONAL DEFENSE 
ACT. That this ACT will, under the plan, provide for a 
sizeable citizen soldiery for domestic and other possible 
needs sufficient for any first emergency demands, and at 
a minimum of cost to the taxpayers. This plan further 
keeps down to a minimum of numbers and cost the Reg- 
ular Army. That this Guard movement is a big serious 
National affair; a serious effort for the most inexpensive 
National preparation possible under present sentiment 
and conditions. 

That it involves a great degree of training and study 
on the part of officers and men, and has nothing to 
do with the local town idea of a military company being 
a bunch of "tin soldiers" and "roisterers" always ready 
for "fun," "frolic," or a "trip" at somebody else's expense. 
No. On the contrary, there is involved rigid training, 
instruction and discipline, supervised by experienced Reg- 
ular Army officers detailed for long periods for that pur- 
pose. All cost of equipment, uniforms, clothing, arms 
and all that a soldier needs is defrayed by the Federal 
Government. The small amount of time demanded of the 
men for drill and field training, viz: once a week armory 
drill and two weeks annually for field training, is paid 
for by the Federal Government. That all required of the 
community is to provide a suitable armory and storage 
place for the company, for which rent will be paid, and to 
give a generous amount of moral support, friendliness 
and encouragement. 

(e) That the Guard personnel represents 100 per cent 
young American patriotic blood of the community and 
all that that stands for. That the organization further 
stands for good morals, healthy exercise and a useful 
training; that it is a tangible, concrete and practical ex- 



I 5 



[BnL 31. 



pression of patriotic citizenship and fits the young men 
to render service of incalculable value when law and order 
is violated and the country and state needs them. The 
need of their services and their value is constantly in> 
evidence in some part of the country. 

(f) That with a reasonable amount of moral and very 
little financial support the armory of a properly conducted' 
military company can be made an attractive, homelike, 
club-like, social and entertainment community center, and' 
thereby an agency for decent and refined associations,, 
good morals and a desirable rendezvous for soldiers and 
citizens. An agency, properly conducted, that will equal, 
in its good moral results, any already established in the 
community. A moral agency, that, with its physical and 
military training, in time of trouble can turn out an or- 
ganized trained body for the protection of the community. 

(f) In time of flood, or other calamity, the Armory 
immediately becomes available, as the proper center for 
organizing and conducting the many civic military ac- 
tivities necessary for the relief of the stricken community,, 
i. c, establishing military guard, police and protection; 
distribution of food and clothing, lemporary shelter, res- 
cue work, preservation of health, community sanitation,, 
employment and matters generally pertaining to a quick, 
recovery and restoration to normal. What other estab- 
lished agency, moral or otherwise (leaving out the police 
force, — and it is often inadequate), — call it YMCA, K.C., 
Salvation Army, or what not, — can do this? This com- 
parison must be taken for its practical worth. NO dis- 
credit meant these fine institutions. 

(g) That the young men composing the National 
Guard units have a greater right to consider their organ- 
ization a proper protege of the community than many 
other organizations, associations and clubs fostered and 
supported by the community at a vastly greater cost.. 
They are equally citizens, representative young men tax- 
payers. They are a strong moral influence against law- 
lessness brewing. The others are not. If lawlessness, 
should get out of hand and beyond control of civic auth- 
ority, they can quickly overpower it, "nip it in the bud" 
subdue it, and quickly restore normal conditions without 
material loss to the community. The others cannot. On 
the contrary, they will have to "holler" for help them- 
selves. Proof of this is almost daily in evidence some- 
where throughout these United States. 

(h) The company commander must induce all of his 
officers and men to realize and feel that in order to make 
the company a success, he must have their most energetic 
support, individually and collectively, not only in the per- 
formance of their obligations as soldiers in matters of 
drill and instruction, but in all of the many other outside 
matters that must be accomplished to arouse and main- 
tain community interest and support and to keep the 
town "tied to'' the company. 



Bui. 31 



16 



"Honorary Membership. 

"2. Upon the completion of the organization of the 
company an honorary membership to the company should 
be at once enrolled. This to start with the birth of the 
'company and to at once establish a live community con- 
nection therewith. This membership should consist of 
representative and influental citizens of the community, 
both men and women, and should consist of the Mayor, 
City councilmen, leaders in Civic Societies. Prominent 
professional and business men, representative newspaper 
men — public men politically and otherwise, members of 
veteran military and patriotic societies, leaders amongst 
the women, female relatives and friends of the members 
of the company. The women to be especially enrolled 
and identified with the company as a WOMAN'S AUXI- 
LIARY SOCIETY. This honorary and auxiliary mem- 
bership to be community sponsers for the company and 
to be identified with every possible activity for the bene- 
fit of the organization. Its activities to be devoted to 
fostering and aiding in every reasonable way and thru 
sympathetic encouragement, support and cooperate in all 
proper Guard efforts and activities that make for its suc- 
cess. 

Such aid and help to be arranged for, coordinated and 
conducted thru mutual co-operative committees. The 
honorary and auxiliary membership to consider them- 
selves as members of the company, in an active, the non- 
military sense, and to be at all times welcome at the com- 
pany meetings, drills, conferences and discussions in 
order to know its personnel; keep in touch and to acquire 
first hand knowledge of its needs, aspirations and progress 
and to give advice and counsel in matters within their 
sphere. 

National Guard Association 

"3. Former National Guardsmen, in the community, 
-not in active service and if not already so organized, 
should be induced by the local company commander to 
■organize a National Guard Veteran Association for 
patriotic purposes and to foster the National Guard spirit 
and with which to establish relations with the local ac- 
tive National Guard company as indicated in preceding 
paragraph. 

Similar relations should be sought with all existing 
veteran military associations and patriotic societies. 

Use of Company Personnel — Team Work — Committee 

Activities. 

"4. The fact must be recognized by officers and men, 
that, in order to keep a National Guard company going 
successfully, many departments of endeavor should be 
kept "alive" and on the "job" at all times. The men must 
be kept interested and enthused. The community must 
be kept interested and attracted and made to feel that 
the aid and support rendered is worthily bestowed. 

A properly coriducted, clean and decent company will 
soon cause the community to point to it with pride and 



17 [Bui. 3] 

it will soon become a fixed community feature in whose 
success all are interested and concerned. The community 
will feel amply rewarded for the aid and support extended 
if the organization attains this standard. Therefore, it 
is to the mutual interest of the organization and the com- 
munity that the company commander organize, and set to 
work faithfully, intelligently and energetically all com- 
pany personnel on all matters and activities bearing upon 
company needs and betterment and fostering community 
aid and interest. 

"5. To carry out the foregoing design, it is recom- 
mended that the local military company organize within 
itself a bodv composed of all its members and to be 

known as COMPANY CO-OPERATIVE AND 

BETTERMENT CLUB, or by other suitable title. The 
club to be regularly organized, with President, Vice 
President, Secretary and Treasurer, Executive Com- 
mittee, with constitution and by-laws. To meet once a 
month, or oftener, if called, for business, recreation, and 
"getting together." The entire personnel to be given 
something active to do in the clubs efforts by assign- 
ments to active standing committees for the purpose of 
dealing with all current matters of importance having a 
bearing upon the well-being and success of the organiza- 
tion. Such additional committees to be appointed as 
circumstances demand. 

The following committess are suggested, for example: 

Armory and Storage 

Purpose. — Improvement in armory — suitable building — 
securing and installing attractive features — equipment; — 
reading room — games — literature — comfort features — 
seating — lighting — heating — gymnasium — picture screen — ■ 
athletic equipment — bowling alley — indoor target range. 
Store-rooms — system and arrangement of same and prop- 
erty. 

Recreational & Entertainment 

Smokers — entertainment and refreshment at same — 
music — lectures — pictures shows — competitive drills, by 
individuals, squads and platoons — silent and other exhibi- 
tion drills — prizes for same — dances — bazaars — amateur 
theatricals — special military features — wall scaling — camp 
scenes — boxing — wrestling military tableau — trench life — 
dugouts — street riot formations — and other features that 
can be staged in the armory. 

Newspaper — Propaganda — Recruiting — Advertisement. 

See that local papers write up company prominently 
and often — Sunday military corner in the paper — publish 
frequently military items bearing on company's activities 
— military activities generally — humorous items concern- 
ing individual members — weekly announcements of com- 
pany's purposes, progress — specially interesting drill and 
entertainment features and all armory events. Make 
known company needs, — recruiting — keep up local interest 
and attract guests and spectators to armory. 



[Bu!. 3] 



Recruiting and Membership 

Keep advised as to state of membership. As to ex- 
piration of enlistments — secure re-enlistments. Begin 
prior to discharges to fill vacancies to occur and keep 
ranks lull. Devise ways and means to encourage mem- 
bership. Invite prospects to share free in armory 
features. Make armory a place desirable for young men 
to frequent. Invite — practice special courtesies. Talk up 
the company and the service. Surround desirables with 
company influence. 

Welfare 

Purpose — To suggest and originate activities pertain- 
ing to moral uplift, good associations, clean and refining 
entertainment features in co-operation with Recreation 
and Entertainment committee. Seek out and aid mem- 
bers in want or distress — sickness — visits of condolence — 
funerals — acts of sympathy. 

Co-operation 

Covering matters needing special community assistance 
and co-operation. Deal with public officials — civic — mili- 
tary — veteran associations and patriotic societies. Honor- 
ary membership, Ladies Auxiliary and other bodies. 

Fraternal 

To organize and maintain within the company a bene- 
ficial fraternity. Small assessment of 50 cents or $1.00 
per month. Accumulated sum to devote to assistance of 
members in need, out of work or in distress, or who lose 
position thru loyalty toj the company and service. To 
establish and maintain employment agency to secure 
positions for members out of a job. 

Armory Decoration — Stage Settings. 

"6. Attractive armory decorations and stage settings 
for permanent use and for special entertainment occa- 
sions can be made from the following: Flags, colors 
and standards, colored bunting, evergreens, foliage, vines, 
potted plants, pictures of historic scenes, of military 
figures and personages, battle scenes of different wars, 
colored electric lights, Chinese and Japanese lanterns, "3 
colored festoons pendant from ceiling and galleries, vari- 
colored drapery. Battlefield relics, specimens of arms 
and equipment of different wars and nations. Fire arms, 
machine guns, bayonets, belts, scabbards, trench helmets, 
spears, gas masks, implements of trench warfare, swords, 
■sabn s, knives, shields, bows and arrows, appropriately 
arranged and grouped, make most effective, historic and 
interesting armory features, and supply material for stage 
settings for military tableaux, theatricals and spectacular 
military presentations. 

"7. As indicated on Page 3 under duties of Recrea- 
tional and Entertainment committee, many forms of en- 
tertainment can be held in armories at practically no 
cost, with material at hand and donated for the occasion. 
Cross sections could be erected showing trenches and 
features of trench life. Same with dug outs. With use 
of barbed wire, reproduced shell holes and craters, skill- 



19 



I Bui. M 



ful manipulation of colored electric lights showing inter- 
mittent glow, Roman candles, rockets, and other facili- 
ties, a fair reproduction of some of the features of No 
Man's Land can be had. All of which would prove im- 
mensely interesting to both soldiers and civilians. Doubt- 
less there are men in and will be in the organizations who 
have had real and vivid experience in these matters and 
who have talent to reproduce these battle features. 

''8. Experience has proven that activities of the char- 
acter set forth in the foregoing, or work along similar 
lines, help wonderfully in keeping up the interest needed 
amongst both the company members and the citizens of 
the community. 

"9. The writer, who carried on in his own National 
Guard company, for many years, many such features, 
with success, submits this paper with the hope that it 
may suggest a line of thought and endeavor, as well as 
prove somewhat a guide, to hard working, struggling 
company commanders of the Guard, that will help solve 
their local difficulties and problems." 

2. It is a well established fact that to have an efficient 
organization in the National Guard, it must have the hearty 
cooperation of the community in which the organization is 
located. The Militia Bureau believes that if the recommenda- 
tions made by Lieutenant Colonel William S. Faulkner, In- 
fantry, Senior Instructor, Texas National Guard, are strictly 
followed and intelligently carried out, they will materially 
aid in solving company commanders' problems and maintain- 
ing their organizations. 

3. The Militia Bureau would appreciate a report from all 
unit commanders, through the State Adjutants General, on 
June 1st and November 1st, stating results obtained by fol- 
lowing the suggestions of Colonel Faulkner. 

By direction of the Secretary of War: 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington 

March 14, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER No. 20. 
From: The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of 
Columbia Militia. 
Subject: Appropriation H. R. 10871. 

The following information is furnished in connection with 
above-mentioned bill: 

No item for purchase of animals. 

Page 79, Lines 24 and 25, provides forage for 4000 
animals, whereas 8009 have already been issued to the 
National Guard. 



[Bui. 3 J 



20 



Page 80, Lines 3 and 4, Care of material animals and 
equipment, $750,000, provides tor caretakers for 4000 ani- 
mals and a balance of $100,000 for other caretakers and 
mechanics. 

Estimates submitted for 9,740 animals, caretakers, 
$1,910,500. 

Page 80, Line 5, Camps of Instruction: 

$6,500,000 will provide for only 115,000 men for 15 days. 
National Guard has now a strength of over 145,000. $9,- 
500,000 minimum requirement. 

Page 80, Lines 6 and 7, Expenses officers and specially 
selected men $250,000. Item may send 156 officers and 
156 men only. Last year 220 applied to attend Benning 
alone. 

N. B. — No funds under Section 81, National Defense 
Act. 

Page 80, Lines 12, 13 and 14. Travel of noncommis- 
sioned officers, $200,000. Insufficient present year and 
$500,000 needed for 1923. 

Page 80, Line 17. Transportation equipment and sup- 
plies, $375,000. Inadequate this year and $200,000 addi- 
tional needed under provisions of bill for 1923. 

Page 80, Line 20. Armory drill pay $9,000,000; estimated 
$11,000,000 minimum requirement. 

Page 82, Lines 7, 8, 9, 10: 

"The mounted, motorized, and tank units of the Nation- 
al Guard shall be so reduced that the appropriations made 
in this Act shall cover the entire cost of maintenance of 
such units for the National Guard during the fiscal year 
1923." 

By direction of the Secretary of War: 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington 

March 16, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER No. 21. 
From: The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of 
Columbia Militia. 
Subject: Ammunition Allowance for Field Artillery, 1922. 

The following allowances of ammunition are authorized 
for target practice of Field Artillery organizations of the 
National Guard for the season 1922: 
75 mm. Batteries. 
200 Rounds, Shrapnel, fuzed 
100 Rounds, Common Shell H. E. 
30 Fuzes, Mark III, Super-quick 
60 Fuzes, Nondelay, Mark V 
10 Fuzes, Short delay, Mark V 
2000 Rounds, 30-30 Subcaliber Ammunition 



21 



LBul. 3] 



1000 Rounds. 30-30 Automatic Rifle 
2000 Rounds, Machine-gun 

50 Pounds, Black Powder (for smoke bomb) 
300 Primers for smoke bomb. 

155 mm. Howitzer Batteries. 
100 Rounds, Common Shell, Mark I 
100 Rounds, Shrapnel, fuzed 
30 Fuzes, Mark III, Super-quick 
40 Fuzes, Nondelay. Mark IV 
30 Fuzes, Short Delay. Mark IV 
250 Primers 
200 Propelling Charges 
2000 Rounds, 30-30 Machine-gun 
1000 Rounds, 30-30 Automatic Rifle 

50 Pounds, Black Powder for smoke bomb 
300 Primers for smoke bomb. 
Note. — The use of Mark III (Super-quick) fuzes with 
reduced propelling charges in the 75 mm. field gun is 
prohibited. 

By direction of the Secretary of War: 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington 

March 20, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER No. 22. 
From: The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of 
Columbia Militia. 

Subject: Date of Federal recognition extended to individual 
officers of the National Guard. 

1. Federal recognition fc of a National Guard officer is de- 
pendent upon a number of conditions, one of the more im- 
portant being his assignment to a federally authorized vacancy 
in a federally recognized unit. If at any time an officer is not 
so assigned, his Federal recognition automatically terminates. 

2. Proper qualification for Federal pay is dependent upon 
compliance with all existing Federal laws and regulations. It 
is therefore essential, in auditing all vouchers for pay that 
proper compliance with these existing laws and regulations 
can be affirmatively established. Otherwise the voucher is 
suspended or is disapproved. Hence the records of the Militia 
Bureau must be so maintained that information can be trans- 
mitted to the General Accounting Office, War Department 
Division, that compliance with these requirements is a matter 
of record. It is therefore plainly evident that the maintenance 
of the above data is a continuing function, necessarily kept 
up to date from day to day. 

3. When requests are received for the Federal recognition 
of officers to be effective at some date in the past, a complete 
review of the past postings becomes necessary in order to 



[Bui. 3J 



22 



determine whether the requested recognition can legally be 
extended, and also to insure that the record of the officer 
concerned is so posted that his vouchers for pay will not be 
disallowed when reviewed in the office of the General Ac- 
counting Office, War Department Division. Manifestly, such 
affirmative action is practically impossible after a certain 
period of time. Another point raised by ante-dating recog- 
nition is that of lapsed appropriations. 

4. Because of the above situation, in order to safeguard 
the efficient functioning of the Militia Bureau as well as to 
protect the individual officer concerned, it is necessary that 
a definite time limit be established, beyond which requests for 
Federal recognition of individual officers will not be favor- 
ably considered. After a study of this matter, it has been 
decided that, in general, Federal recognition will not be 
granted to an officer, to date back more than two months 
from the date that the request is initially received by the 
Militia Bureau. Before this policy becomes effective, it is 
desired that all pending cases of long duration be submitted 
for action, in order to insure that Federal recognition will 
not be denied to any officer because of delays over which he- 
has no control. 

5. Pursuant to the above, the following policy is an- 
nounced for the information and guidance of all concerned: 

Effective May 1st, 1922, in general, the date from which 
Federal recognition is extended to an individual officer 
of the National Guard will never ante-date the date of 
the initial receipt of the request by the Militia Bureau by 
more than sixty-one days. 

6. It is to be noted that the above policy is applicable 
only to requested Federal recognitions of individual officers. 
The recognition of officers whose papers are submitted with 
and as an integral part of a unit presented for Federal recog- 
nition will, in general, continue to be dated from the date of 
the Federal recognition of the unit or the date of the oath 
if subsequent to the date of the Federal inspection. 

By direction of the Secretary of War: 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington 

March 21. 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER No. 23. 
From: The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of 
Columbia Militia. 

Subject: Waivers of Tests at time of extension of Federal 
recognition, to National Guard Officers. 

The following policies relative to the above subject are 
published for the information and guidance of all concerned: 



23 



[Bui. 31 



1. At the time that an officer of the National Guard is ex- 
tended Federal recognition, the prescribed tests as to pro- 
fessional and moral fitness may be waived, provided the of- 
ficer, 

(a) Is appointed in. the National Guard to the same 
branch and in the same or lower grade as that in which 
he served creditably in the United States Army or Marine 
Corps within two years from the date of his separation 
from the United States Army or Marine Corps, provided 
his separation from service was not due to inefficiency, or 

(b) Holds an appointment in the Officers' Reserve 
Corps in the same branch of the service and in the same, 
or higher, grade as that in which he is appointed in the 
National Guard, provided further that this appointment 
in the Officers' Reserve Corps has not been effected under 
any of the provisions of Section XII, Special Regulations 
No. 43, War Department, 1921. Should the appointee 
have held such an appointment, and should this appoint- 
ment have been changed under the operation of the poli- 

• ; cies set forth in Section XII, Special Regulations No. 43, 
War Department, 1921, for this purpose only, such an 
appointment will be considered as if it were still in force, 
or 

(c) After having been extended permanent Federal 
recognition, is honorably separated from the service, and 
is then subsequently appointed to the same branch and in 
the same or lower grade as that in which Federal recog- 
nition was previously made permanent, provided he is 
so appointed within two years of the date of his separa- 
tion from the service. 

2. When passing upon a request for Federal recognition 
that comes under any of the above policies, decision will be 
made as to whether or not the facts in that particular case 
justify the waiver of the prescribed tests. 

By direction of the Secretary of War: 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington 

March 23. 1922. • 

CIRCULAR LETTER No. 24. 
From: The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of 
Columbia Militia. 

Subject: Form 108 M. B., Ed. January 16, 1922. 

1. Form 92, M.B., is hereby discontinued. Form 108 — 
M.B., has been revised so as to better fulfill the purposes for 
which it is intended, and supply of the revised form (Form 
108-M.B., Ed., January 16, 1922) either has been or is being 
sent to each State under separate cover. 

2. After the receipt of the revised form, it is desired that 
all existing copies of the old Form 108, M.B., now on hand 



[Bui: 31 



24 



be destroyed, and that only the form of the edition of January 
16, 1922, be used. As soon as the above-mentioned distribu- 
tion has been completed Federal recognition will not be ex- 
tended to ANY officer unless the requested recognition is ac- 
companied by a properly completed Form 108-M.B., of the 
edition of January 16, 1922, regardless of the data now on 
file in the Militia Bureau regarding that officer. 

3. This form, having once been submitted to the Militia 
Bureau, another form will not be necessary in the case of 
that officer unless specifically requested by the Militia Bureau. 
An}' desired amendments to the form on file or any addition- 
al data that it is desired to have incorporated in the officer's 
file will be submitted in letter form, the letter being sworn 
and subscribed to in the manner prescribed for the Form 
108-M.B. 

4. It is desired to impress on all concerned the necessity 
of completing this form exactly according to instructions. 
The forms previously submitted fail, in many cases, to give 
the full name of the officer concerned. 

5. In Item 19, the word following "specifically" should be 
"reported" instead of "refuted." Correction should be made 
on the form before distribution to individuals by your office. 

By direction of the Secretary of War: 

Geo. C. Rickards. 
Major General. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington 

March 23, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER No. 25. 
From: The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of 
Columbia Militia, Officers in Charge of National 
Guard Affairs, and Instructors. 
Subject: Allowance of ammunition for Field Artillery bat- 
teries, initial equipment. 
1. The following are the allowances of ammunition for 
the initial equipment of National Guard Field Artillery bat- 
teries equipped with 75-mm. and 155-mm. Guns and 155-mrrj. 
Howitzers : 

(a) Batteries equipped with 75-mm. Gun: 

60 Cases, cartridge, empty, for 75-mm. Gun (serv- 
ice case) 
200 Wads, felt, for 75-mm. Gun 
2000 rds„ cartridges, ball, sub-caliber, Cal. .30 
1 Shell, sectionalized, for 75-mm. Gun 
1 Shrapnel, sectionalized, for 75-mm. Gun 
1 Board, fuze, sectionalized 
8000 Cartridges, ball, Cal. .30, M. 1906, Class A-2, 
Grade No. 2 

2000 ids. cartridges, pistol, ball. Cal. .45, M. 19M. 



25 



[Bui. 3] 



(b) Batteries equipped with 155-mm. Guns: 

1 Shell, sectionalized, for 155-mm. Gun 
1 Shrapnel, sectionalized, for 155-mm. Gun 
4 Projectiles, dummy, drill, for 155-mm. Gun 
4 Charges, powder, dummy, for 155-mm. Gun 
1 Board, fuse, sectionalized 
8000 Cartridges, ball, Cal. .30, M. 1906, Class A-2, 
Grade No. 2 

2000 rds. cartridges, pistol, ball. Cal. .45, M. 1911. 

(c) Batteries equipped with 155-mm. Howitzers: 

1 Shell, sectionalized, for 155-mm. Howitzer 
1 Shrapnel, sectionalized, for 155-mm. Howitzer 
4 Projectiles, dummy for 155-mm. Howitzer 
4 Charges, powder dummy, for 155-mm. How- 
itzer 

4 Charges, powder dummy, for 155-mm. How- 
itzer 

1 Board fuze, sectionalized 
8000 Cartridges, ball, Cal. .30, M. 1906, Class A-2, 

Grade No. 2 
2000 rds. cartridges, pistol, ball, Cal. .45, M. 1911. 

(d) Allowance for 75-mm. Gun batteries which require 
a separate requisition with a certificate of the battery 
commander that there is an adequate and safe storage 
place: 

100 lbs., powder, Army, black, Grade A-I or B, 
saluting. 

200 primers, percussion, 49 grain, Mk. I (service 
primer). 

(e) The following will be issued, if desired, upon a 
separate requisition which must be accompanied by a 
certificate from the Field Artillery Instructor or other 
qualified officer of the Regular Army, giving a descrip- 
tion of the magazine or storage place and stating that 
it affords ample protection for the ammunition and that 
in case of accident, surrounding buildings would not be 
endangered from explosion: 

For 75-mm. Gun batteries 

100 rds. shrapnel, fixed, common MKI, fuzed, for 
75-mm. Gun 

Forl55-mm. Howitzer batteries 

100 rds. Shrapnel, common MKI, fuzed, for 155- 
mm. Howitzer 
100 charges, propelling, for 155-mm. Howitzer 
100 Primers, percussion, 21 grain MK IIA for 155- 
mm. Howitzer 

For 155-mm. Gun batteries 

100 rds. shrapnel, common MKI, fuzed, for 155- 
mm. Guns 

100 Charges, propelling, for 155-mm. Guns 



IBul. 3] 26 



100 primers, percussion, 21 grain MKII, for 155- 
mm. Guns. 

By direction of the Secretary of War: 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington 

March 31, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER No. 26. 
From: The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of 

Columbia Militia. 
Subject: Action of Supreme Court of Mississippi on Habeas 

Corpus Proceedings to secure discharge of minor 

son. 

1. Lieutenant Colonel F. G. Stutz, 6th Infantry, Minnesota 
National Guard, has recently furnished the Militia Bureau an 
opinion in the case of Birdsong vs. Blackman, et ux. (No. 
22325), (Supreme Court of Mississippi, Division B, January 
30, 1922), which it is believed will prove of interest to officers 
of the National Guard. 

2. A minor enlisted at the age of 19, and the parents de- 
sired his discharge which was denied by the organization com- 
mander. A writ of habeas corpus was issued. The decision 
is well worth investigation by National Guard officers who 
have to answer before any of the State courts upon a habeas 
corpus writ. 

3. The following points will prove of interest: 

(a) Answer admitting the defendant, as captain of a 
military company, had custody of the party sought to be 
released, by attached enlistment papers, held sufficient. 

(b) The party enlisting was 19 years of age. 

(c) Excerpt from U. S. v. Blakeney, 3 Grat. (Va) 405: 

"The common law of England has never inter- 
fered with the free and voluntary enlistment of 
minors capable of bearing arms; and could not 
have done so without usurpation." 

(d) Excerpt from case of Stevens v. Foss, 18 Me. 19: 

"Eighteen has been fixed as the military age, by 
the highest legal authority. A father has no power 
to exonerate or withhold his minor son, from the 
performance of this duty. Upon this point, the 
claim of the public is paramount to the parental 
rights of the father." 



27 



[Bui. 3] 



4. The judgment of the Mississippi court was to the effect 
that the writ of habeas corpus was denied, and that the en- 
listed minor was a member of the National Guard organiza- 
tion, properly enlisted under the law, and that the organiza- 
tion commander had control. 

By direction of the Secretary of War: 

Geo. C. Rickards. 
Major General. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington 

April 7, 1922; 

CIRCULAR LETTER No. 27. 
From: The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States. Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of 
Columbia Militia. 
Subject: Pistol and Revolver Practice. 

The following advance copy of Changes No. 3, Pistol 
Marksmanship, War Department Document No. 1050, is pub- 
lished for the information and guidance of all concerned: 

"PISTOL MARKSMANSHIP 

WAR DEPARTMENT, 
Washington, March 31, 1922. 

Changes 
No. 3. 

The definition of "score" in the list of definitions, page 8, 
and paragraphs 74 and 85, Pistol Marksmanship, 1920, are 
changed as follows: 

Score. — Automatic pistol — a string of 7 consecutive shots. 
Revolver — a string of 5 consecutive shots. The term "score" 
is also used to express the record or register of number of 
points made in one or more scores. (CRM. No. 3, Mar. 31, 
1922.) 

(A.G. 062.1 (3-3-22)) 

74, Plan for range firing. — The general plan is as follows: 
a. Automatic pistol — 

Minimum 



Instruction practice 


Yards. 


of scores. 


Rounds. 


(15 


2 


14 


Slow fire 


(25 


2 


14 




(50 


1 


7 


Rapid fire 


(15 


2 


14 


(25 


2 


14 


Quick fire 


(15 


2 


14 


(25 


2 


14 


Skirmish run 


^0 to 15 


1 


7 



98 



[Bui. 31 23 

Record Practice. 

Brought forward 98 
Minimum 
Yards, of scores. Rounds 



Slow fire 


(25 


1 


7 




(50 


1 


7 


Rapid fire 


(15 




14 




(25 


2 


14 


Quick fire 


(25 


2 


14 




(50 


2 


14 


b. Revolver. — 








Instruction Practice. 










(15 


2 


10 


Slow fire 


(25 


2 


10 




(50 


1 


5 


Rapid fire 


(15 


2 


10 




(25 


2 


10 


Quick fire 


(15 


2 


10 




(25 


2 


10 


Skirmish run 


50 to 15 


1 




Record Practice. 








Slow fire 


(25 


1 


5 




(50 


1 


5 


Rapid fire 


(15 


2 


10 




(25 


2 


10 


Quick fire 


(25 


2 


10 


(50 


2 


10 



70 



50 



120 

85. Skirmish run, — 



a. Automatic pistol. 

Table IV-a. — Skirmish run — Target E — Bobbing. 

Range : Time : Shots 

50 yards : 5 seconds per shot----: 2 

25 yards : 3 seconds per shot-.--: 2 

15 yards : 2 seconds per shot- ■ • • : 3 

b. Revolver. 

Table IV-b. — Skirmish run — Target E — Bobbing. 
Range : Time : Shots 

50 yards : 5 seconds per shot----: 1 

25 yards : 3 seconds per shot----: 2 

15 yards : 2 seconds per shot----: 2 



c. Instructions. 
This firing is to introduce the element of moving forward. 
The soldier halts to fire. Considerable loss of accuracy would 
result from firing while walking or running. 



29 



[Bui. 3] 



Men to fire are formed in line at the 50-yard point, each 
opposite his own target, pistols loaded, locked, and held at 
"Raise, pistol." The targets are edge to the front. 

Four or five seconds after the pit is notified that all is 
ready at the firing point, targets are exposed twice for 5 sec- 
onds (when the automatic pistol is used), with an interval 
of 2 to 5 seconds between exposures, and the men fire one 
shot at each exposure. When the revolver is used the targets 
will be exposed only once, the time of exposure to be the 
same as for the automatic pistol and one shot to be fired at 
this exposure. An interval of 10 seconds is then allowed, 
during which time the line advances at double time to the 
25-yard point by command of the instructor, alignment being 
maintained 

At the expiration of the 10-second interval the targets are 
exposed twice for 3 seconds, with an interval of 2 to 5 seconds 
between exposures. The men fire one shot at each exposure. 
An interval of 7 seconds is then allowed while the line ad- 
vances as before at double time to the 15-yard point. At the 
expiration of the 7 seconds the targets are exposed three 
times for 2 seconds (when the automatic pistol is used), with 
an interval of 2 to 5 seconds between exposures, and the men 
fire one shot at each exposure. When the revolver is used 
the targets will be exposed twice, the time of exposure, the 
interval between exposures, and the number of shots fired at 
each exposure to be the same as for the automatic pistol. 

Pistols are locked before moving forward and are held at 
"Raise, pistol" between shots. Visual signals should be used 
in the pit in order that the commands for exposing the targets 
mav not be heard at the firing line. (C.P.M. No. 3, Mar. 31, 
1922.)" 

(A.G.O.62.1 (3-3-22)) 
By order of the Secretary of War: 

John J. Pershing, 
General of the Armies, 

Chief of Staff 

Official: 

P. C. Harris, 

The Adjutant General. 

By direction of the Secretary of War: 

Geo. C. Richards, 
Major General. 



[Bui. 3] 



30 



10. The following is a revised list of officers and enlisted 
men of the U. S. Army now on duty as instructors and 
sergeant instructors: 



Col. C. A. Martin, 

Lt. Col. W. N. Bispham, 

Lt. Col. H. G. Davids, 
Lt. Col. R. B. Elis, ... 

Maj. R. H. Jaoob, 

Maj. Paul D. Bunker, . . 
Maj. H. C. Vanderveer, 
Maj. J. A. Pickering, . . 
Maj. H. S. Clarkson, . . 
Maj. Raymond F. Fowler, 

Maj. M. L. Miller, 

Capt. Otis Porter, 

Capt. R. S. George, 

Bitterman, Jonas F 

Boyle, John J., 



Inf. . . 
MD. . 



Conrad, Edie, 

Corson, Kenneth G. ... 
Donoghue, Michael J. . . 

Duby, Thomas H 

Dreyer, George H 

EUesser, Charles F 

Flowers, Alonzo E 

Frankhouser, Harry A. . . 

Jacobowitz, Benj 

Kasowitz, Harry, 

Lane, David E 

Murtha, Richard P. ... 

Oatet, Walter M 

Peterman, Robert B. 

Partin, Ira 

Bchoeing, Gustave, 

Viola, Peter L 

Horan, Patrick. J 

Jeschon. Paul H 

Lotta, Evan D 

Lex, Irwin A 



Senior 

Instructor. . . 
All Medical 
(Sr. Med) . . . 



Inf 


11 Oth Infantry 


Cav. . . . 


103rd Cavalry 




(Sr. Cav) .... 


Inf 


112th Infantry. . 


CAC. . . 


Prov. Inf. Regt. . 


F. A. . . 


109th F. A. 




(Sr. FA) 


F. A. . . 


108th F. A 


F. A. . . 






103rd Engrs. . . . 


Inf 


109th Inf 


Cav. . . . 


104th Cav 


Cav. . . . 


52nd MG Sqn., 




Cav 


QMO. . . 


Master 


Sergeant 


Inf 


Sergeant 



Inf. . • 

Inf. . . 

Inf. . . 

Inf. . . 

Inf. • • 

Inf. • , 

Inf. . 

Inf. . . 

Inf. . 

Inf. . 

Inf. . 

Inf. . 

Inf. . 

Inf. . 
Inf. . . 

Inf. . 
| Inf. . 
F. A. 
F. A. 
i Sig. Corp 
! F. A. . . 



Sergeant 

Sergeant 

Tech. Sergeant 

Sergeant 

Sergeant 

Sergeant 

Sergeant 

Sergeant 

St. Sergeant . . 
Sergeant 

Sergeant 

Sergeant 

Sergeant 

Sergeant 

Sergeant 

Sergeant 

Sergeant 

Sergeant 

Sergeant 

! Sergeant 

Sergeant 



Box 18T, 

Harrisburg, Pa. 
Armory, 

32nd & Lancaster Ave., 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
226 W. Third Street, 

Greensburg, Pa. 
32nd & Lancaster Ave., 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Bd. of Commerce, 

Erie, Penna. 
2510 Chew St., 

Allentovvn, Pa. 
Armory, 

WUkes-Barre, Pa. 
Bd. & Diamond Sts.. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Hunt Armory, 

Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Brd. & Callovi-hill Sts., 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Armory, Scranton, Pa. 

Cotterel-Ebeneer Bldg., 
Harrisburg, Pa. 

Box 754, Bellefonte, Pa. 
Arsenal, 

Harrisburg, Pa. 
Armory, Bd.&Wharton, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Box 187, 

Harrisburg, Pa. 
Box 187, 

Harrisburg, Pa. 
Bd. & Wharton Armory, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Box 414, Kane, Pa. 

13 So. 4th St., 

Lebanon, Pa. 
3R0 E. 6th St., 

Erie, Pa. 
Armory. Scranton, Pa. 

407 Crawford Ave., 

Altoona, Pa. 
121 Erie Ave., 

Grove City, Pa. 
Armory. 

Norristown, Pa. 
377 Union St., 

Allentown, Pa. 
903 9th Ave., 

New Brighton, Pa. 
Box 234. 

Washington, Pa. 
Armory, Scranton, Pa. 

Box 187, 

Harrisburg, Pa. 
Bd. & Wharton Armory, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Armor}-, Pine St., 

Williamsport, Pa. 
Emerson St. Armory, 

Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Armory, 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Armory, Columbia, Pa. 

A.rmory, 
Bd. & Diamond Sta., 
Philadelphia, Pa. 



31 



[Bui. 3] 



Malenfant, David, . . 

Maxey, Jesse E. . . 
Melin, Fred'k TF. . 
Phipps, Elda L., . . 
Sproul, James, .... 
Stanley, Robert, . . , 

Wetimen, William F 
Darrah, Lushion, 
Green, William B. 

SHder, John, 

Steltz, Robert 3. . 
Bipp, Dewey if. . . 
Johnson, Judd, 




Armory. 

32nd & Lancaster Ave., 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Armory, Pine St., 

Williamsport, Pa. 
Bd. & Diamond Sts., 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Armory, 

Allen town. Pa. 
Armory, Emerson St., 

Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Armory, 

Bayard & Thackeray, 

Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Armory, 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Cotterel-Ebener Bldg . 

Harrisburg, Pa. 
Armory, Tyrone, Pa. 

32nd & Lancaster Are., 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Armory, Belief onte, Pa. 

32nd & Lancaster Ave., 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Armory, 
Bd. & Callowhill Sts., 
Philadelphia, Pa. 



Official: 



By order of WILLIAM C. SPROUL, 

Governor and Commander-in-Chief. 

F. D. BEARY, 
The Adjutant General. 



Adjutant. 





(32) 



[Bui. 4. J 



COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, 
THE ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE 
Harrisburg, Pa., May 12, 1922. 

Bulletin ( 
No. 4. ! 

1. Lieut. Colonel Ned M. Green, U. S. A., former instructor 
in rifle practice in the Pennsylvania National Guard and who 
conducted rifle practice instruction at the camp of 1921, and is 
now located in California, has prepared a booklet giving instruc- 
tion for new recruits in rifle and pistol practice, and this book 
can be purchased from Colonel Green at fifteen cents ($.15) per 
copy, and such expenditure will be a proper disbursement from 
annual allowance funds. The address of Colonel Ned M. Green 
is 417 Market Street, Room 205, San Francisco, Cal. 

2. Section 69, of the National Defense Act, as amended and 
approved June 4, 1920, provides that original enlistments in the 
National Guard shall be for a period of three years, and subse- 
quent enlistments for periods of one year each, provided that 
persons who served in the Army for not less than six months 
and have been honorably discharged therefrom, may, within two 
years after the passage of this Act, enlist in the National Guard 
for a period of one year, and re-enlist for like periods. The time 
limit for original enlistments of one year in the National Guard, 
which are based on service in the Army, expires on June 3, 1922 ; 
after this date, no original enlistments will be made for one year. 
All original enlistments must be made for three years. 

3. In reply to an inquiry as to credits to be given for drills 
for soldiers from the State of Pennsylvania who might be employed 
for a short period of time, say from two to three months, in 
another State, and whether or not such soldiers can attend drills 
with organizations in other States, upon proper certificate being 
furnished, and be credited with such drill attendance, reply was 
received from the Militia Bureau as follows : 

1st Ind. 

War Department, Militia Bureau, April 21„ 1922. To: The 
Adjutant General of Pennsylvania, Harrisburg, Penna. 

1. The Militia Bureau is without authority to sanction the 
attendance of the enlisted personnel of the National Guard 
of one State at the drill of a National Guard organization 
of another State. 

2. Section 110, National Defense Act, provides that "Each 
enlisted man belonging to an organization of the National 
Guard shall receive compensation * * * for each drill 
ordered for his organization where he is officially present and 
participates for not less than one and one half hours * *" 

Geo C. Rickards, 
Major General, 
Chief of Bureau. 
(NOTE-Where enlisted personnel of any organization are com- 
pelled by their vocation to reside for a limited period of time 
not to exceed six months, in another locality where there is an 



[Bui. 4.] 



2 



organization of the National Guard, the commanding officer of 
the unit of which such men are members should write a letter to 
the commanding officer of the unit in the locality where they are 
temporarily residing requesting that such men be permitted to 
drill with that organization, and that a certificate be furnished 
by the commanding officer of Isuch organization certifying to 
attendance at drill. This will then enable the organization com- 
manders to which such men belong to give them credit on payrolls 
for drills attended. — Adj. Gen. Pa.) 

4. In reply to an inquiry requesting interpretation of Para- 
graph 4, Circular Letter No. 1, W. EX. M. B., January 8, 1921, 
as to increase of non-comtaissioned officers in a National Guard 
unit, reply was received from the Militia Bureau as follows: 

2nd Ind. 

War Dept., Militia Bureau, May 9, 1922. To the Adjutant 
General of Pennsylvania. 

It is requested that the Commanding General, 28th Division, 
Pennsylvania National Guard, be advised as follows : — 

1. Under Militia Bureau Circular Letter No. 1 and the modified 
tables of organization issued thereafter it was prescribed that 
when a National Guard organization enrolled a strength equal 
to eighty percent of the strength of the corresponding Regular 
Army unit the Commanding Officer of the National Guard organs 
ization could appoint the specialists and noncommissioned officers 
authorized for the Regular Army unit. This ruling is still effect- 
ive for all National Guard organizations, and the increase in the 
number of sergeants and corporals referred to in the basic letter 
herewith is warranted since the organization has enrolled an 
enlisted strength of 77 men which is ^nore than 80 per cent of 
the Regular Army figure of 96. 

2. The percentages referred to by the Senior Instructor, Caval- 
ry, P. N. G., do not apply to individual organizations but to 
the entire army organization as a whole. Furthermore, the 
restrictions imposed by the War Department General Order pre- 
scribing the percentages mentioned apply only to the Regular Artny 
since a general exception has been approved by the Secretary of 
War under which these percentages do not apply to the National 
Guard. 

For the Chief of Bureau : 

O. C. Collins, 
Assistant. 

5. The following communication from the Militia Bureau, H 
dated April 22, 1922, is published for the information of all con- 
cerned : 

WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington 

April 22, 1922. 

Subject : Absence of Colonel John W. Heavey from the Militia 
Bureau. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of 
Columbia Militia, all Instructors and Officers 
in Charge of National Guard Affairs. 
1. On May 1st, the undersigned expects to take advantage 
of a leave of absence frota the Militia Bureau. In order to avoid 
delay, it is requested that any matters of a personal nature con- 



3 [Bui. 4] 

cerning National Guard affairs be addressed to some other officer 
on duty in the Militia Bureau, as the whereabouts of the under- 
signed is by no means settled for the next four months. 

2. The following officers of the Regular service will probably 
be present in the Militia Bureau : 

Colonel Christopher C. Collins, Medical Corps, 

Lieut. Colonel John A. Broekman, Signal Corps, 

Major Henry A. Finch, Engineers, 

Major Jesse D. Elliott, Infantry, 

Major Charles O. Schudt, Coast Artillery Corps, 

Major Thomas W. Hammond, Infantry, 

Major Frank Thorp, Jr., Field Artillery, 

Major George R. Harrison, Infantry, 

Major James I. Muir, Infantry, 

Major Newton N. Polk, Field Artillery, 

Major Carlyle H. Wash, Air Service, 

Major Walter C. Gullion, Infantry, 

Major Francis M. Maddox, Infantry, 

Major Louis C. Wilson, Quartermaster Corps. 

John W. Heavey, 
Colonel, Infantry. 

6. The following Circular of the Militia Bureau is published 
for the information of all concerned : 

(Circular No. 4 is the last of the series of 1921) 

WAR DEPARTMENT, 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington, May 3, 1922. 

Circular / 
No. 1 C 

1. Circular No. 1, Militia Bureau, April 24, 1919, is rescinded. 

2. The blank forms required for use in connection with the 
National Guard, and which are issued by the W(ar Department, 
are as follows : 

MILITIA BUREAU FORMS 

Nos. 

11 — Report of annual armory inspection (used by Regular 

Army inspectors). 
17 — Lease for use of land for target ranges, maneuvers 

and camp sites. 
19 — Pay roll for personal services on target ranges. 
33 — Report of field inspections (used by Regular Army 

inspectors). 
59 — Requisition for blank forms. 

88 — Requisition blank for cash purchase. 

89 — Record of an examining board (officers). 

90 — Summary of funds received, expended, and remaining 

on hand. 
93 — Notification of deposits. 

95 — Physical examination for appointment or promotion in 
the National Guard (officers). 

99 — Report of examination for appointment of noncom- 
missioned officers, Medical Department, National 
Guard. 

102 — Quarterly return of the National Guard Reserve. 

104 — Company or detachment roster. 

105 — Report of change of status of officers. 

107 — Report of attendance at drills (used only by Instructors 

and Sergeant-Instructors) . 

108 — Individual recjord of candidate for appointment as 

officer in the National Guard). 



[Bui. 4. J 4 

If OS. 

113 — Report of special inspection for recognition of National 
Guard units. 

118 — Efficiency report of National Guard officers. 
ADJUTANT GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT FORMS 

9 — Memorandum receipt. 

17 — Certificate of disability for discharge. 
22-1 — Enlistment paper, National Guard. 
22-la — Enlistment paper. National Guard Reserve. 

24 — Consolidated Strength Return. 

28 — Headquarters return^ 

29 — Service record. 

29a — Extract from service record. 
80 — Return of troop, battery, company or detachment. 
41 — Regimental return. 

43 — Record of events and changes in commissioned personnel- 

(To accompany Forms 28, 30 and 41). 
60 — Interrogatories and deposition. 
135-1 — Report of physical examination, National Guard. 
135-la — Report of physical examination, National Guard Re- 
serve. 

152-1 — Noncommissioned officer's warrant, National Guard. 
196 — Report of survey. 
260 — Identification record card. 
277 — Descriptive card of public animals. 

304 — Score card for rifle practice — Course A (Amended for 

Course D for Coast Artillery troops). 

305 — Score card for pistol practice. 

307 — Report of individual classification in rifle practice. 

308 — Report of individual classification in pistol practice. 

332 — Company morning report. 

333 — Headquarters Company morning report. 

334 — Headquarters morning report. 

335 — Consolidated morning report (12 lines). 
.336 — Consolidated morning report (18 lines). 

337- 1 — Oath of office, National Guard officer. 

338 — Guard reports. 

338- 1 — Guard reports (extra sheets). 

339 — Daily sick report. 
342 — Duty roster. 

410 — Score card for rifle practice — Course B. 

506 — Consolidated regimental report of classification, rifle 

firing. 

507 — Consolidated regimental report of classification^ pistol 

firing. 

525- 1 — Discharge certificate, honorable. 

526- 1 — Discharge certificate. 

527- 1 — Discharge certificate, dishonorable. 
594 — Charge sheet. 

602 — Statement of charges against enlisted men. 
609 — Physical examination for flying. 
637 — Individual equipment record. 
662 — Correspondence book. 

Q. M. C. FORMS 

19 — Voucher for commutation of rations and liquid coffep 

money. 
80b— Cash book. 

135 — Report of transportation requests. 

153 — Original bill of lading. 

154 — Memorandum bill of lading. 

155 — Extra sheet to Forms 153, 154 and 156. 

156 — Shipping order. 
160 — Requisition. 

165 — Individual clothing slip. 



5 [Bui. 4] 

2V T 6*. 

257 — Receiving Report. 

258 — Stock record card. 

259 — Requisition register. 

260 — Shipping ticket. 

261 — Over, short and damaged report. 

263a — Property loan record (Depots, arsenals, camps and 
posts). 

263h — Property loan record (Cos., troops and individuals) 
(jacket). 

263c — Property loan record (Cos., troops and individuals) 
(card). 
452 — Council book. 

INSPECTOR GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT FORMS 

3 — Report of an inspection and statement of money ac- 

countability. 
3a — List of outstanding checks. 

3b — List of outstanding checks (used in connection with 3a). 

FINANCE DEPARTMENT FORMS 
2 — Bills Register. 

7 — Receipts for miscellaneous collections. 
100— & 

100a — Schedule of disbursements (To replace 329a and 329b 
when supply is exhausted). 

WAR DEPARTMENT STANDARD FORMS 

320 — Account current (large size) — (until exhausted). 
320a — Insert sheet to form No. 320 (until exhausted). 
320b — Account current (small size) 1 . 

322 — Abstract of authorized sales of supplies (other than sub- 

sistence). 

323 — Abstract of funds received from sales of services. 

324 — Statement of funds received from sources other than 

sales of public property or services. 

325 — Account of sales of public property at public auction 

or on sealed proposals. 
329a — Abstract of disbursements (medium) (until exhausted). 
329b — Abstract of disbursements (small) (until exhausted). 
330 — Public voucher — Purchases and services other than 
personal. 
330-A— Insert to Form No. 330. 

335 — Public voucher — Personal services. 
335-A — Insert to Form No. 335. 

336 — Officers' pay voucher. 

337 — Mileage voucher. 

344 — Voucher for purchases on account of subsistence. 

366— Pay roll, enlisted men (at service schools, etc). 
366a— Insert to Form No. 366. 

367— Pay roll. 

367a— Insert to Form No. 367. 

367b — Insert to retained copy of Form No. 367 (record of 
attendance at drills). 

GOVERNMENT TRANSPORTATION STOCK FORMS 

1 — Transportation request (original) 

2 — Transportation request (Memorandum copy) 

4 — Cover for Forms 1 and 2. 

3. In view of the necessity for economy in printing, requisition- 
ing officers are enjoined to limit their requests for blank forms ta 
current needs. 



[Bui. 4.] 6 

4. Separate requisition in triplicate will be submitted for eacb 
class of forms. 

(M.B. 315-Supply) 
By direction of the Secretary of War : 

Geo. C. Rickarclsi 
Major General, 

Chief, Militia Bureau. 
(This circular will be printed and given a regular distribution 
when available). 



7. The following Circular Letters of the Militia Bureau are 
published for the information and guidance of all concerned : 

WAR DEPARTMENT 
Militia Bureau 
WASHINGTON 

April 8, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 28. 
From: The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To : The Adjutants! General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

Subject : Ammunition Allowance for 155-mim. Gun Batteries, 
Field Artillery, 1922. 
The following allowances of ammunition are authorized for 
target practice of Field Artillery organizations of the National 
Guard for the season 1922 : 

155-mm. Gun Batteries. 
50 Rounds, Shell, Mark III for 155-mm. Guns. 
50 Rounds, Shrapnel, Common, Mark 1, fuzed, for 155-mtn. 
Guns. 

15 Fuzes, Mark III, Super-quick. 

17 Fuzes, Nondelay, Mark IV, Star. 

18 Fuzes, Short Delay, Mark IV, Star. 
150 Primers, for 155-mm. Gun. 

100 Propelling Charges, for 155-mm. Gun. 
2000 Rounds, 30-30 Machine-gun. 
1000 Rounds 30-30, Automatic Rifle. 

50 Pounds, Black Powder for smoke bomb. 
300 Primers for smoke bomb. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

Geo. C. Rickards. 
Major General. 

(NOTE — No attempt should be made to store ordnance ammu- 
nition in local armories. All such ammunition should be shipped 
to Mt. Gretna for storage. — Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
Militia Bureau 
WASHINGTON 

April 10, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 29. 
From: The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

Subject : Limitations concerning organizations attending field 
training during the approaching field training season. 
1. Your attention is called to the fact that during the last 
field training period many organizations of the National Guard 



7 



[Eul. 4] 



were hurriedly organized and rushed into field training before it 
was physicially possible for the War Department to properly 
equip the new units. Many of the States criticised the War De- 
partment for failure to supply the equipment ; some of the Post 
Commanders were placed under considerable inconvenience in 
furnishing suitable equipment for these newly organized units 
from the local Regular Army supply stores. Much confusion 
resulted due to the issue by the Regular officers of articles which 
the Militia Bureau does not issue to members of the National 
Guard. A great deal of correspondence has resulted therefrom 
and an immense amount of unnecessary clerical labor. 

2. In order to avoid this condition during the approaching field 
training season, the following will govern : — 

New Oganizations presented for Federal recognition as 
National Guard units less than 30 days before the beginning 
of the field training period for that State, will not be re- 
quired nor permitted to attend field training at the regular 
State encampment. 

3. This information is furnished to you in order that you can 
at once complete the organizaton of units which you contemplate 
sending into field training during the approaching season, and with 
the intention of expediting thear organization. 

4. Attention is again invited to the fact that, within six months 
after the date of Federal recognition, units recognized with a 
strength of 50 enlisted men, must maintain an enlisted strength 
of 65. Those organizations which are unahle to send to field 
training at least 39 enlisted men, shall not be permitted to attend 
field training during the approaching season. 

5. It is enjoined upon all officers to secure the maximum attend- 
ance at field training. The maximum strength for organizations 
w T hose enlisted strength is less than sixty-five will be a ten per 
cent variation above the peace strength of similar units in the 
Regular Army. The inaximutn strength for those organizations 
required to maintain sixty-five active enlisted members will be the 
prescribed peace strength for similar units in the Regular Arpiy. 
In cases where assigned reservists are brought to camp with the 
organizations, the maximum number of such assigned reservists in 
each organization is limited to the correspond ng number of active 
members in that organization. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

Geo. Cl Rickards, 
Major General. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
Militia Bureau 
WASHINGTON 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 30 

April 12, 1922. 

From : The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
Miltia. 

Subject : Monthly allowance of gasoline, etc., for Anti-aircraft 
regiments, National Guard. 
1. Pending definite determination of the actual quantities of 
gasoline necessary to properly accomplish the training of chauffeurs 
and electricians and the necessary maneuvers incident to armory 
drill,, the following monthly allowances of gasoline, oils and grease 
are prescribed for organizations of anti-aircraft regiments : 

Organization Gasoline. ga,ls. Oil, gals. Grease, lbs/ 
Headquarters and 

Headquarters Battery, 40 2 1 

Service Battery 80 4 2 



[Bui. 4.] 8 



First Battalion Head- 








quarters and Combat 








Train 


100 


5 


2.5 


Searchlight Battery (A) 


100 


5 


2.5 


Gun Battery(B,C,&D) 


60 


3 


1.5 


Second Battalion Head- 










20 


1 


.5 


Machine Gun Battery 








(E, F, G & H), .... 


50 


2.5 


1.25 



2. The following extract from paragraph 5, G.O. No. 5, W. D., 
1922, is published for the information of anti-aircraft organizat ons : 

* * * 

"In each anti-aircraft regiment the gun battalion will be 
designated as the first and the machine-gun battalion as the 
second battalion, as, for example : 

1st Battalion, 50th Artillery (anti-aircraft) 

"Batteries of the gun battalion will be lettered A, B, C, 
and D, Battery A being the searchlight battery, and designated 
as "Battery A (searchlight)." Batteries of the machine-gun 
battalion will be lettered E, F, G, and H." 

* * * 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 

Militia Bureau ' ] 

WASHINGTON 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 31. 

April 15, 1922. 

From : The Chief, Militia Bureau. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

Subject : Change in Medical Personnel prescribed for Infantry 
Regiments, National Guard. 

1. The Militia Bureau received on April 10, 1922, the fol- 
lowing instructions from the War Department : 

"The Secretary of War directs that a general exception be 
made in peace strength tables of organisations for National 
Guard Infantry Regiments, to provide one major and three 
captains or first lieutenants of the Medical Corps and one 
captain or first lieutenant of the Dental Corps where Regular 
Army tables of organisation provide for one major and two 
captains or first lieutenants of the Medical Corps and two 
captains or first lieutenants of the Dental Corps." 

2. The above provision will take effect with the date of this 
letter but will not be retroactive. It will, however, begin with 
appointments from this date forward. Medical Officers already 
tendered Federal recognition, under the tables of peace strength, 
will continue in their present grades and numbers until compliance 
with the above instruction is obtained by the usual methods of 
separation from the service. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

Geo. O. Rickards, 
Major General. 



9 



[Eul. 4] 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
Militia Bureau 
WASHINGTON 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 32. 

April 19, 1922. 

Subject : Acknowledgment of receipt of shipments. 

To: The Adjutants General and United States Property 

and Disbursing Officers in all States, Territories of 
Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of 
Columbia Militia. 

1. The attention of this office has been called to the fact that 
in some instances the commanding officers of National Guard 
units are derelict in the matter of acknowledging receipt of ship- 
ments forwarded to them under cover of War Department bills 
of lading. A penalty postcard form of acknowledgment (QMC 
Form No. 158) to the shipping officer that the property outlined 
on his bills of lading has been received is mailed to the receiving 
officer at the same time the shipment is made. Unless the ship- 
ping Quartermaster receives the form properly executed, his records 
in that respect remain open and indefinite. 

2. It is requested, therefore, that appropriate instructions be 
issued which will insure prompt action in the future on the part 
of National Guard officers in acknowledging receipt of shipments. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

John W. Heavey, 
Colonel, Infantry, 
Acting Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
Militia Bureau 
WASHINGTON 
CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 33. 

April 20, 1922. 
Subject : Vaccination of National Guard Troops. 
To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 

Militia. 

1. Under date of April 18, there was received in the Militia 
Bureau a copy of ah indorsement, two paragraphs of which are 
quoted for the information of the National Guard : — 

"It was noted that the National Guard organizations from 
the Fifth Corps Area at Camp Knox during the summer 
training period had not been protected by vaecinat'on against 
typhoid and paratyphoid fevers and a large number were not 
protected by vaccination against smallpox. It is urged that 
this important mntter be taken up with the Chief of the 
Militia Bureau with a view to their vaccination before com- 
ing to Camp Knox for summer training. 

"During the summer of 1921 a soldier of the National 
Guard arrived at Camp with typhoid fever : he was promptly 
taken to the Camp Hospital where he was cared for through- 
out his illness and convalescence, thereby becoming a liability 
instead of an asset to the Government for that period of time 
(about eight weeks in all). Prompt request was made to 
vaccinate against typhoid all the National Guard troops in 
ca,mp. This request was disapproved on account of the short 
period of training (two weeks), and the necessity of the 
entire time being used for training purposes. It is, there- 
fore, recommended that all National Guard troops be vaccinat- 
ed as completely as possible before coming to camp and any 
troops remaining unvaecinated be vaccinated on arrival at 
camp." 

2. The above quoted paragraphs are proof that vaccination 
of our National Guard personnel is essential. The Militia Bureau 



L-tsul. 4.] 



1.0 



Is prepared to render all possible aid in complying with these 
requirements for our military forces, and requests that the 
Adjutants General throughout the States and commanding officers 
of organizations give particular attention to the subject of vac- 
cination against smallpox, typhoid and paratyphoid. This pro- 
tection against these diseases can be obtained by members of the 
National Guard without personal expense, and there is every 
evidence that such innoculation is of great value to our miltiary 
personnel at all times, but especially when assembled together in 
large bodies. 

3. A failure to take advantage of this health precaution for 
the preservation of life and health is virtually criminal negligence. 
The good judgment of our National Guard personnel must surely 
appreciate the necessity for compliance witli the requirement 
for vaccination and it is expected that no further notificat'on upon 
this matter, other than to require the organization commanders to 
see that this vaccinaion is completed before the next field training 
period, will be necessary. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

John W. Heavey, 
Colonel, Infantry, 
Acting Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
Militia Bureau 
WASHINGTON 

April 28, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 34. 
Subject : Mother's Day. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

1. Under date of April 18th, the following instructions have 
been received in the Militia Bureau : — 

"In connection with Section VI, General Orders No. 58, 
War Department, 1919, you are directed to bring to the 
attention of every officer and enlisted man in your command, 
the desire of the Secretary of War that each officer and en- 
listed man write a letter to his home on Mother's Day, May 
14, as an expression of the love and reverence we owe to the 
mothers of our country." 

2. It is fully recognized that many of the members of the 
National Guard are so fortunately placed as to be directly in con- 
tact with their mothers. It is requested, however, that in com- 
pliance with the above instructions, all members of the National 
Guard who are separated from their mothers by reason of their 
vocation, or other requirements of civil life, make a special effort 
on May 14th to comply with the above. 

3. There is every reason for the mothers of our National Guard 
personnel to receive the love and reverence which the Secretary 
of War desires to be expressed by the personnel of the Regular 
service. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

Geo. O. RickardSj 
Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



11 



[Bui. 4] 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
Militia Bureau 
WASHINGTON 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 35. 

April 24, 1922. 

Subject : National Guard Section of the Infantry Journal. 
To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 

Militia. 

1. Information has been received in the Militia Bureau that, 
beginning with the issue of June 1, 1922, the Infantry Journal 
will include a department in the magazine devoted to the interest 
of the National Guard. The text for this department will be 
prepared, in the main, at the Militia Bureau, and will contain 
matters of interest to Infantry National Guard officers, and other 
officers of the National Guard throughout the service. 

2. The Militia Bureau cannot lend itself to the indorsement of 
any particular service publication, and makes this announcement 
simply to call the attention of the National Guard personnel 
to this new department in the Infantry Journal, feeling that the 
good judgment of the National Guard will govern tliem in their 
attitude toward this Journal. 

3. The Editor of the Infantry Journal has requested this 
Bureau to announce that he will be pleased to receive copies of 
all State bulletins or publications issued. They should be ad- 
dressed to the Editor, Infantry Journal, Union Trust Building, 
Washington, D. C. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

Geo. O. Rickards, 
Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
Militia Bureau 
WASHINGTON 
CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 3a 

April 25, 1922. 

Subject : Forfeiture of Citizenship by reason of Desertion. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

1. The following request was received in the Militia Bureau, 
under date of March 21, 1922, from a State Adjutant General : — 

"Information is desired as to the eases under which a 
soldier of the National Guard, dishonorably discharged, for- 
feits his rights of citizenship. It appears to the undersigned 
that under present laws and regulations the only case where 
a soldier forfeits his rights of citizenship is when he is dis- 
honorably discharged from the service on account of desertion." 

2. Under date of April 21st, an approved decision of the Judge 
Advocate General, bearing upon this subject, was received, and 
the following extracts are quoted for the information of the 
National Guard : — 

"The Federal statute providing for the loss of the rights 
of United States citizenship by deserters from the military 



[Bui. 4.] 12 

or naval service of the United States is Revised Statutes, 
Sees. 1996 and 1998, as amended. By the Act of August 
22, 1912 (37 Stat., 356) those sections were amended so 
as not to apply to any person thereafter deserting the military 
or naval service in time of peace. In construing said Sections 
1996 and 1998, it has been held that the loss of the rights of 
United States citizenship takes place only upon conviction 
by court-martial of the offense of desertion — (Kurtz v. 
Mbffitt, 115 U. S., 487, 501). 

"In the opinion of this office the provisions of Sections 
1996 and 1998, R, S., as amended, would not apply to a 
national guardsman, except where he has been tried and con- 
victed by court-martial of deserting in time of war after he 
had either been drafted or mustered into the service of the 
United States. No change in status as respects United States 
citizenship, and no loss of such rights are incurred by a 
dishonorable discharge from the Army, except as noted above." 
By direction of the Secretary of War: 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Maior General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
Militia Bureau 
WASHINGTON 
CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 37. 

April 26, 1922. 

Subject: Age limits of officers of the Air Service, National 
Guard. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

1. The following addition to paragraph 221, National Guard 
Regulations, 1922, (Paragraph 232, National Guard Regulation, 
1919) has been approved for publication for the information 
and guidance of all concerned : — 

"Candidates designated for corn-mission, other than by 
promotion, in the Air Service shall be, as second lieutenant 
not more than 29 ; as first lieutenant not more than 32 ; as 
captain not more than 37 ; as major not more than 42 ; as 
lieutenant colonel not more than 43, and as colonel not more 
than 47." 

2. Inasmuch as the change above quoted was not received in 
the Militia Bureau until April 20, it was not incorporated in 
the National Guard Regulations, 1922. wlr'ch was already on th 
press: it will be included in the first changes in the Regulations 
and is effective from April 19, 1922. 

By direction of the Secretary of War: 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



e 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington 
CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 38. 

May 4, 1922. 

Subject: National Matches, 1922. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 



L3 



The following information and instructions concerning the 
participation of the National Guard in the National Matches, 1922, 
and the Rules and Regulations governing same as set forth in 
the War Department Bulletin governing the National Matches, 
1922, are published for the information and guidance of all con- 
cerned : 

1. It is desired that each State* within the continental 
limits of the United States having federally recognized units 
of the National Guard be represented by a National Guard 
team at the National Matches. Qne such team only is author- 
ized for each State. (Funds this year will not permit the 
attendance of teams from the territories of Hawaii and Porto 
Rico but funds may be available for the holding of competi- 
tions within the limits of these territories, if so desired.) 

Each member of such team,, except the team captain, who 
may hold any higher recognized grade, must be not above 
the grade of captain and must be a member of the federally 
recognized National Guard in his respective grade and organ- 
ization prior to his appointment as a member of such team. 
The team Captain, however, cannot draw higher pay than 
that provided for major. Mdmbers of the National Guard 
Reserve are not eligible. 

2. Each team shall consist of thirteen members (one 
team Captain, one team coach, ten principals and one 
alternate) who shall be selected and appointed by the 
Governors of the respective States and announced in formal 
orders. 

Members of the National Guard attending State rifle com- 
petitions under Pars. 539 and 543, inclusive, National Guard 
Regulations, 1919, for the selection of such a team, will be 
allowed pay and transportation to and from the target 
range, and enlisted men, subsistence in addition thereto for 
a period not to exceed a total of eight days provided sufficient 
funds are available. For this year, Par. 539 (b) is waived. 
Detailed estimates for necessary funds will be forwarded 
to the Militia Bureau with request for authority to hold 
such rifle camps of instruction. 

3. The members of above team only will be entitled to 
transportation to and from Camp Perry, Ohio, and to sleeping 
car berths where the journey is in excess of twelve hours. 
Official transportation requests to common carriers will be 
issued by the respective property and disbursing officers to 
National Guard teams and will indicate thereon the proper 
procurement authority chargeable. 

4. Property and Disbursing Officers will pay authorized 
(members of duty detailed National Guard teams at the pay 
of their grades on properly executed vouchers certified by 
the Captain for the following periods : 

(a) The period of necessary travel to and from Camp 

Perry, Ohio. 

(b) The period of the National Matches (Sept. 20-28). 

(c) For other practice at the range at Camp Perry, not 

exceeding eight days prior to the first day of the 
National Matches (Sept. 12-19). 

(d) For other practice at the range at Camp Perry for 

those attending the school of instruction in marks- 
manship, not exceeding eighteen days prior to the 
first day of the National Matches (Sept. 2-19). 

5. Commutation of subsistence will be allowed to the 
enlisted men duly detailed as members of State National 



'Includes the District of Columbia. 



[Bui. 4.] 



14 



Guard teams, at the rate of not to exceed §1.50 per day for 
the necessary travel period to the range and returning there- 
from to their home stations ; not to exceed $1.20 per day 
(a) for the period of the National Matches ; (b) for eight days 
additional previous practice and (c) for eighteen days addi- 
tional previous practice, for those attending the school of 
instruction. (See following paragraph.) 

G. . Amounts paid for subsistence during the National 
Matches (Sept. 20-28) are payable from a special appro- 
priation for National Matches and will be paid by the Camp 
Finance Officer ; other authorized payments are chargeable 
to the appropriation for "Arming, Equipping and Training 
the National Guard", sub-appropriation "Expenses, Camp of 
Instruction" and will be arranged for by the respective State 
Property and Disbursing Officers. 

In order to expedite payment for subsistence, it is suggested 
that a member of the team, who has had experience in such 
matters, be) designated as acting quartermaster and agent for 
the State Property and Disbursing Officer and that he be 
authorized to pay for the subsistence for the period not exceed- 
ing eighteen days which is not paid by the camp finance 
officer from a special appropriation for the National Matches. 
He should also familiarize himself with questions pertaining 
to transportation. 

7. If they so elect, above teams or members thereof may 
enter the National Rifle Association Matches, which will 
be held from September 12 to 19, both dates inclusive. 

8. There will be established and maintained at the Ohio 
State Rifle Range, Camp Perry, Ohio, from September 2 to 
11, both dates inclusive, a school of instruction of citizens of 
the United States in marksmanship, at which attendance 
shall be optional for National Guard team members. 

9. The preliminary practice for the National Matches will 
start on September 20th and the National Matches will be 
completed by September 28th. 

10. It is noted that the courses of fire in the National 
Matches are the same as was prescribed for 1921 (Bulletin 
No. 4, War Department, 1921,) with the following exceptions: 

(a) National Individual Pistol Match, slow fire at 50 yards 

in place of slow fire at 25 yards. 

(b) National Pistol Team Match, slow fire at 50 yards 

in place of slow fire at 25 yards. 

(c) National Rifle Team Match, 10 shots, slow fire 100 

yards in place of 20 shots. 

11. Your attention is invited to the following requirements : 
"At least five of the shooting members of each team in the 

National Rifle Team Match shall be men who have never hereto- 
fore shot as members of a rifle team in a National Rifle Team 
Match (not including a national divisional team match). No indi- 
vidual may be a shooting member or alternate on any national 
match rifle team who has been a shooting member of the same 
civilian, National Guard or service team in, more than one of the 
three national rifle team matches immediately preceding." 

The effect of the last sentence above is that no man who was a 
shooting member of any team in any two of the years 1919, 1920 
and 1921 is eligible as a shooting member of the same team in 
1922. These restrictions do not apply to the Team Captain or 
Team Coach. 

12. All other team officers, shooting members and alternates 
than those attending the school of instruction mentioned in Par. 



15 



[Bui. 4] 



8 above, will be required to report prior to noon, September 12th, 
in order to be entitled to the allowances which may be prescribed. 

13. Entries for all matches close thirty-six hours before open- 
ing hour. 

14. Any State having recognized units of National Guard and 
proposing to send a National Guard team to the National Match, 
but .having no U. S. rifles, Model 1903, for use in selecting and 
training such teams, may obtain 20 such rifles, 20 cartridge belts 
and 12,000 rounds of ammunition upon requisition being sub- 
mitted to the Militia Bureau. New and specially selected rifles 
will be available for issue or arrival at Camp Perry. 

15. All questions concerning civilian or school teams, and 
State military teams other than National Guard, should be ad- 
dressed to "Executive Officer, National Matches, 1922'' at Room 
1108 Woodward Building, Washington, D. C. 

16. The carrying into execution of any of the above program 
involving National Guard funds will depend on authorization of 
appropriations now pending in Congress. In case favorable 
action is taken by Congress, immediate action will be given to 
all concerned. 

17. It is very important that the Chief, Militia Bureau, be 
informed promptly by each Adjutant General as to whether or 
not a team will be sent to represent the State in the National 
Team Match. Tentative detailed 1 estimates of funds required to 
cover authorized expenses should be submitted as early as pos- 
sible, by August 1, 1922, at the latest, in order that funds may 
be promptly reserved for the purpose. In submitting the 
estimates, the cost of subsistence for the period of the National 
Matches (September 20-28) should not he inclwied. 

18. It is requested that this information be communicated to 
the Team Captains selected for your teams, as soon as practicable. 

George C. Rickards, 

Atiajor General. 

By order of WLLIAM C. SPROUL, 

Governor and Commander-in-Chief, 

F. D. Beary, 
The Adjutan' General. 

Official : 



Adjutant. 



(Bui. 5.) 



COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, 
THE ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S OFFICE, 

Harrisburg, Pa., June 8, 1922. 

Bulletin ) 
No. 5. J 

1. The following communication of The Adjutant-General, U. S. 
Army is published for the information and guidance of all con- 
cerned : 

April 15, 1922. 

From : The Adjutant-General of the Army. 
To : The Quartermaster General. 

Subject : Crest for regiments of the National Guard for the State 
of Pennsylvania. 

The Secretary of war approves the following crest for 
color bearing organizations of this State : 

CREST : On a wreath argent and gules a lion rampant guard- 
ant, proper holding in dexter paw a naked scimitar argent hilted 
or and in sinister an escutcheon argent on a fess sable three plates. 

DESCRIPTION : 

This device was devised by Benjamin Franklin. In 1747 during 
the war of the Spanish Succession, the Spaniards threatened Phila- 
delphia coming up the Delaware as far as New Castle. Dr 
Franklin aroused the people, designed a crest and flag which was 
carried through Philadelphia in 1748 by Colonel Taylor's battalion. 
The shield is the shield of William Penn, white with the black fess 
bearing the three white discs. The predominant original white 
settlement was of Ensdish origin and the twists of the wreath are 
accordingly white and red. 

The above blazon and description are furnished you with in- 
structions to have a drawing made indicating the tinctures and to 
send a copy of the same to the Adjutant General of the State. 

By order of the Secretary of War : 

HARRISON HALL 

Adjutant-General. 



NOTE : — Attention directed to Circular Letter No. 73 Militia 
Bureau, October 28, 1921, published in Bulletin No. 23, A. G. O. 
1921. 

Regiments preparing Coats-of-Arms for embroidering on Regi- 
mental Colors must forward same to The Adjutant General for 
approval and transmission to the Mititia Bureau. — Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



2. The following Circular Letters of the Militia Bureau are 

published for the information and guidance cf all concerned. 



(Bui. 5.) 



2 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 
CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 39. 

May 9, 1922. 

Subject : Instructors and Sergeant-Instructors. 

To : The Corps Area Commanders and the Adjutants General 

of all States, Territories of Hawaii and Porto Rico and 

the District of Columbia Militia. 

1. In view of the limited amount of funds that will probably 

be appropriated for the fiscal year 1923, and with a view to con- 
serving such funds to the fullest extent possible, you are advised 
that the detailing of Instructors and Sergeant-Instructors to duty 

at National Guard encampments should be with the following 
understanding. 

Instructors ordered to attend an encampment should arrange to 
subsist with the officers' mess of the National Guard organization 
to which assigned and such Instructors will be allowed only their 
pro rata cost of such mess accommodations while on duty at the 
encampment. The Instructors should arrange to live in tents or 
barracks buildings while at the camp, but in cases where this is 
impracticable the matter should be taken up with this Bureau be- 
fore incurring any expense in connection with other arrangements. 

The Sergeant-Instructors detailed to attend the encampments of 
the National Guard should subsist with the enlisted men of the 
organization with which detailed and allowed only their pro rata 
cost of such mess accomodations. 

For the period of travel to and from the encampment, the allow- 
ance for both officers and enlisted men will be governed by 
Bulletin No. 42, Wvr Department, 1919, as amended. 

2. The State authorities should exercise every effort to arrange 
for the shelter and subsistauce of the Instructors and Sergeant- 
Instructors as above stated and with a view to minimizing to the 
lowest degree practicable any dissatisfaction that might arise there- 
from due to the necessity for economy in the expenditure of 
federal funds. 

GEO. C. RICKARDS. 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

May 11, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 40. 

Subject : Attendance of enlisted men of the National Guard at 

Citizens' Military Training Camps. 
To- The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 

Militia. 



3 



(Bui. 5.) 



1. The following extracts from National Guard Regulations, 
1922, are quoted for the information and guidance of all concern- 
ed :— 

"1006 (a) Enlisted men of the National Guard may en- 
roll for attendance 'at any of the civilian military training 
cismps : Provided, That not exceeding 10 per cent of the 
enlisted strength of any National Guard organization may 
be, at the same time, so enrolled. 

"(b) For the purpose of complying with the conditions 
of paragraph 928 (a) (qualification of officers for armory 
drill pay) comjmanding officers of any company may count 
as present, at all drills, such enlisted men of their respec- 
tive organizations as are in attendance at civilian military 
n training camps. 

"(c) Enlisted men of the National Guard, who are in 
attendance at a civilian military training camp, will be re- 
quired to send their National Guard commanding officer 
a certificate, from the commandant of the calnip, to the ef- 
fect that they were in attendance at the camp during the 
period they are counted as present in accordance with the 
provisions of the preceding paragraph. 

"(d) Each pay roll will be accompanied by a certificate 
of the commanding officer of the organization, containing 
the na.mes of all those enlisted men who were counted as 
present, but who did not attend organization drills, and the 
dates for which they were so counted, on account of their 
being in attendance at a civilian military training camp." 

2. While the Regulations above quoted authorize organization 
commanders to take credit for enlisted men attending Citizens' 
Military Training Camps in computing the 60 per cent necessary 
to entitle the officer to Armory Drill Pay credit for such attend- 
ance cannot be claimed for the 15-day field training period. 

3. Sixty per cent of the actual enlisted strength of a Na- 
tional Guard organization must be personally present at a National 
Guard encampment to entitle the officers thereof to Federal pay. 

GEO. C. RICHARDS. 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



i 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington, 

May 12, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 41. 
Subject : Armory Drill Pay. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and District of Columbia 
Militia. 



(Bui. 5.) 



4 



By a decision of the Comptroller General dated April 24, 1922, 
you are advised that non-comissioned officers attending drills or 
instruction ordered for them alone cannot be considered in arriving 
tit the total number of drills ordered for their organizations for 
which pay is due during a month, as the law sepcifically states 
". . . .that no enlisted man shall receive any pay. . . .for any (mouth 
in which he shall have attended less than 60% of the drills or other 
exercises prescribed for his organization....". 

As the non-commissioned officers of the unit do not constitute a 
military organization they are but a part of the organization, and, 
therefore, the attendance at such a school for non-commissioned 
officers is not attendance at a drill ordered for their organization. 
In view of this fact credit for armory drill pay cannot be claimed 
for such attendance of non-commissioned officers separate from their 
organizations. 

GEO. C. RICHARDS, 

Major General 
Chief of Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington, 

May 15, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO 42. 

Subject : Encampment pay of enlisted men detailed as helpers for 
care of animals and materiel furnished the National 
Guard. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

1. Your attention fe invited to the fact that under a recent deci- 
sion of the Comptroller General on the above subject, it has been 
held that members of organizations of the National Guard rendering 
service as helpers and mechanics pursuant to Section 90 of the Na- 
tional Defense Act and the Act of March 1, 1922, should be paid 
only the pay of their grade as soldiers while in actual attendance at 
duly authorized encampments or other exercises under Section 94 
of the Act of June 3, 1916, and that paragraph 971 of the National 
Guard Regulations, 1919, directing that they should receive the 
compensation of helpers during such encampments is contrary to 
law and without effect. 

2. Property and Disbursing Officers will therefore pay enlisted 
men who, at their home station, are detailed as helpers or mechanics 
to care for materiel, animals and equipment, for camp duty, accord- 
ing to their respective grades as soldiers only, and the roll upon 
which these enlisted men are paid for the balance of the month as 
helpers or mechanics on the dates of such encampment and were for 
such camp period paid as soldiers only. 

3. Paragraph 971 of the National Guard Regulations, 1919, 
supra, has been eliminated from the new National Guard Regula- 
tions now in the hands of the printer. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

GEO. C RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



5 



(Bui. 5.) 



WAR DEPARTMENT, 
MILITIA BUREAU. 
Washington, 

May 16, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 43. 

Subject : Examination of National Guard Officers. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

1. It has recently been decided by the Comptroller General that 
officers of the National Guard are not entitled to Federal pay unless 
it shall have been determined by a Board of three commissioned 
officers appointed by the Secretary of War that they are qualified 
for the commission as prescribed in Section 75, National Defense 
Act, Paragraph 221, National Guard Regulations. 1919 (the same 
as Paragraph 207, National Guard Regulations 1922). 

2. In order, therefore, that there may be no delay in payment of 
any armory drill pay for services rendered for the period ending 
June 30, 1922, or for camp pay during the coming summer, it 
will be necessary that all officers who have not heretofore passed 
these tests be examined by a board as soon as practicable and all 
such cases should be disposed of by the Board prior to July 15, 1922. 

3. Authority is hereby extended to Adjutants General to order 
all officers of their respective National Guard units coming within 
the provisions of these requirements to appear before boards as 
prescribed in Paragraph 225 National Guard Regulations, 1919 
(same as Paragraph 213. National Guard Regulations, 1922). 

4. ,State Adjutants General should immediately make applica- 
tion to the Corps Area Commanders for the appointment of the 
necessary boards, and also order officers to appear before the boards. 

5. Upon the request of the Governor, the tests for moral and 
professional fitness may be waived in the cases as prescribed in 
Paragraph 222. National Guard Regulations, 1919 (same as 
Paragraph 208, National Guard Regulations, 1922). 

6. The provisions of confidential letter from the Chief, Militia 
Bureau, dated October 5, 1920, to Corps Area Commanders, will 
govern in the conduct of the examination. 

7. Attention is invited to Paragraph 253, National Guard Regu- 
lations, 1922, which reads as follows: — 

"When it becomes necessary to determine the qualifications 
of an officer for original appointment, for promotion, or 
for the grade in which he has been extended Federal 
recognition subject to future examination, each of the 
following-named officers will submit a confidential report 
to the president of the examination board : , 

(a) Immediate commanding officer. 

(b) Superior commanders in the tactical chain of com- 
mand who can give positive information. 

(c) Officers of the Regular Army on duty with the or- 
ganization to which the officer is assigned. 

"This confidential report will be based on observation, 
or on demonstrated fitness, or both, and will include :■ — 
(1) A succinct statement of the officer's qualifications in 
the grade and branch for which he is about to be examined, 
and (2) a statement showing in which subjects of those 
prescribed as applicable to the candidate, he is considered 
qualified without further examination. 



(Bui. 5.) 



6 



From these reports, which will become a part of the 
record, and from other information obtainable, the board 
will determine m which of the professional subjects, if 
any, the candidate is considered proficient without further 
examination, and will notify the candidate, in advance of 
his appearing before the board, on what subjects if any, 
he is to be examined. 

"If the decision of the board is that the professional ex- 
amination should not be held, the officer concerned will be 
notified to present himself to the nearest available medical 
otneer tor a physical examination. The report of the 
medical officer will be forwarded by him direct to the 
president of the.examining;board. 

"I f the decision of the board is that the candidate 
should be professionally examined, the board will proceed 
with the examination as prescribed in this article." 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPxVRTMENT, 
MILITIA BUREAU. 
Washington, 

May 22, 1922 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 44. 

Subject: Collections and Stoppages made against officers and 
enlisted men's pay on account of lost, damaged or de- 
stroyed military property on armory drill rolls. 

To: The Corps Area Commanders, the Adjutants General 

of all States, Territories of Hawaii and Porto Rico 
and the District of Columbia Militia. 

1. In connection with decision of the Comptroller General of 
the United States dated March 2, the following information is 
furnished to all concerned : 

Where it appears from a report of survey, duly approved, in- 
dicating that a member of the National Guard is indebted for lost, 
damaged or destroyed military property of the United States in the 
custody of the State of whose National Guard he is a member, such 
part of any pay due him as may be necessary to liquidate the in- 
debtedness, should be paid by the disbursing officer paying the roll 
by check in favor of the Treasurer of the United States, for deposit 
"in the Treasury of the United States as a credit of said State, 
Territory or District of Columbia accountable for said property, 
and as a part of and in addition to that portion of its allotment set 
aside for the purchase of similar supplies, stores or material of 
war," unless the property concerned be condemned stores issued to 
the National Guard and not charged to its allotment, in which 
event it should be covered into the Treasury as a miscellaneous 
receipt, as required by section 88, of the Act of June 3, 1916. 

2. Where the amount of stoppage against the pay of an officer 
or enlisted man of the National Guard covers military property 
charged against the allotment of a State, the amount of the col- 



7 



(Bui. 5.) 



lection should be credited to the appropriation current when the 
collection is ( made, to be available " for the purchase of similar 
supDlies, stores, or material of war." 

3. If the loss is known prior to the submission of armory drill 
pay roll to the Finance Officer of the Corps — rea. such roll should 
be accompanied by report of survey covering the lost property. If 
armory drill pay rolls have previously been submitted to the 
Finance Officer and such loss is reported by the Commanding 
Officer of an organization, the surveying officer should submit re- 
ports of survey to the finance officer for notation on the armory 
drill pay roll and the net amount due the officer or enlisted men 
should then only be paid him. If the loss is determined after 
check for armory drill has been drawn, but prior to delivery to 
the payee, such check should be returned to the finance officer 
who drew the same, for cancellation, accompanied by supplemen- 
tal pay roll and report of survey to cover such loss. 

4. All copies of reports of survey must be forwarded to this 
Bureau by the finance officer of the Corps Area, together with 
letter of notification relative to collections having been made by 
him. A copy of the letter forwarding such deposits to the Treasurer 
of the United States and requesting the latter office to notify 
this Bureau when funds have been covered in should be furnished 
with the report of survey. 

5. In the case of a deceased officer or enlisted man of the 
National Guard, only the net amount due for armory drill pay is 
authorized to be paid, but before such payment the facts should be 
reported to the General Accounting Office. War Department 
Division, as in other cases of pay due a decedent, for approval as to 
the proper payee. In the case of deserters, the amount of armory 
drill pay unpaid, or such part as may be necessary, may be applied 
to liquidate the deserter's indebtedness for loss, damaged or des- 
troyed military property, belonging to the United States. If there be 
a balance due a deserter for armory drill pay after the payment of 
such indebtedness the amount thereof will be forfeited by the deser- 
tion and remain in the United States Treasury. 

6. In all deposits into the Treasury of the United States, on 
whatever account, herein referred to. the Treasurer of the United 
States should be requested by the officer 'making such denosit to 
send a copy of the certificate of deposit to the disbursing officer of 
the Militia Bureau and the officer making the deposit should like- 
wise give the disbursing officer for the Militia Bureau notice that 
such deposit has been made. The check making the deposit may be 
for the aggregate of all such items on the pay roll, and each item 

, should be noted on the pay roll as included in said check. 

7. In this connection it may also be stated that a disbursing 
officer is personally responsible for the deposit of his collections in 
the treasury as provided by law and the settlement of accounts is 
facilitated by the prompt deposit of such collection. In view of this 
a disbursing officer is not permitted to transfer such collections 
to another nnance officer for deposit. 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



(Bui. 5.) 



8 



WAR DEPARTMENT, 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
WASHINGTON. 

May 23, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 45. 

Subject : Status of Officers of the National Guard holding Re- 
serve Commissions. 

To :■ The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

The following letter from the office of The Adjutant General 
of the Aitmy is quoted for the information of all concerned : — 

"The Secretary of War directs that all concerned be notified that 
pending the issue of further instructions, officers of the National 
Guard who hold a comission in the Officers' Reserve Corps of a 
higher grade or in a different branch or arm of the service than 
their National Guard commission may continue to hold the same." 

GEO. C. RICKARDS. 

Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPAKjPMENT, 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
WASHINGTON. 

May 24, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 46. 

Subject : Transportation expenses of dependents, National Guard 
Officers attending Military Service Schools not auth- 
orized. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

1. The subject of whether dependents of National Guard officers 
attending military service schools under the provisions of Section 99 
of the act of June 3, 1916, were entitled to transportation from 
the home station of the officer to the school and return thereto when 
such dependents accompany the officer to the school was submitted 
to the Comptroller General for a decision and in reply to such 
request the Comptroller General has ruled that such expenses are 
not properly chargeable against Federal funds. 

2. In rendering his decision he called attention to the fact 
that Section 99 of the act of June 3, 1916, supra, provides that the 
expenses of such members of the National Guard attending military 
service schools are to be paid "out of any National Guard allot- 
ment for funds available for the purpose", and that section 12 of 
the act of May 18, 1920, provides that when any commissioned 
officer having a wife or dependent child or children, is ordered to 







(Bui. 5.) 



make a permanent change of station, the United States shall fur- 
nish transportation in kind, from funds appropriated for the trans- 
portation of the Army, to his new station for his wife or depend- 
ent child or children ; that section 119 of the act of June 3, 1916 
limits expenditure for carrying out the provisions of the act re- 
lating to the militia moneys "as shall froin time to time be ap- 
propriated for carrying them out" 1 . It is thus apparent that under 
the act of May 18, 1920, funds appropriated for the National Guard 
are not available for the transportation herein questioned and that 
section 119 of the act of June 3, 1916, prohibits the use of funds 
appropriated for the Army to carry out any provisions of the act 
of June 3, 1916, relating to the Militia. He also stated that it 
is understood that section 12 of the act of May 18, 1920, had for 
its purpose the relief of personnel of the regular service, who, in 
the administration of those services, are periodically required to 
move from one station to another for duty. • 

He also stated that National Guard officers attending service 
schools under section 99 are not in federal service ; they are not 
entitled to pay of their grades if above the grade of Captain and 
the very nature of the provision for attendance at service schools 
also indicates that such attendance is, and was designed to be, 
of a relatively temporary nature, not relatively permanent, as in 
the ease of "permanent change of station" of an officer of the Reg- 
ular Army and also that travel between an officers home and a 
military station, in the case of an officer of the Regular Army is 
not a change of station within the meaning of section 12 of the 
act of June 18, 1920. 

By direction of the Secretary of War: 

GEO. C. RICKARDS. 

Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT, 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

May 25, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER No. 47. 

Subject : Limitations concerning organizations attending Field 
Training during the approaching field training season. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

1. In issuing Circular Letter No. 29, April 10, 1922, which 
limited organizations to attend encampments to those in the service 
30 days prior to said encampment, the Militia Bureau did not in 
any way desire to limit enlistments in those organizations which 
have already received federal recognition. 

2. Enlistments may be made in any federally recognized unit 
up to the time of encampment, and provided said unit has re- 
ceived federal recognition thirty days prior to the encampment 
date the unit and all of its personnel are qualified for the encamp- 



(Bui. 5.) 



10 



ment period. Enlistments made during encamptment will be gov- 
erned by Par. 932 (e). National Guard Regulations, 1922. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

GEO. C. RICKARDS. 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



AVAR DEPARTMENT, 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

May 26, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 48. 

Subject : Method of Serving Notice to Accused to Appear Before 
Summary Court Officer. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia. 

The following opinion of the Judge Advocate General, which 
has been approved by the Secretary of War, is published for the 
information and guidance of all concerned : 

"There is referred to this office for its opinion the following 
question, submitted by an officer of the Regular Army on duty 
with a National Guard organization : 

" 'The most economical way in point of time of serving 
notice on an enlisted man to appear for trail seems to be by 
registered letter with return receipt requested. Therefore, a 
decision on the following point is of vital importance. Does 
receipt of registered letter at last known address of accused 
iconstitute proper service so that a warrant for the arrest of 
the accused may be issued by the sumary court officer, if 
accused fails to apear in responce to said registered letter?' 
"Section 108 of the Act of June 3, 1916 (39 Stat., 208, 209, 
provides as follows : — 

"In the National Guard, not in the service of the United 
States, presidents of courts-martial and summary court officers 
shall have power to issue warrants to arrest accused persons 
and to bring them before the court for trial whenever such 
persons shall have disobeyed an order in writing from the 
convening authority to appear before such court, a copy of 
of the charge or charges having been delivered to the accused 
with such order, * * *." 
"It is to be noted that the above provides that before a sumrnary 
court officer can issue a warrant to arrest an accused, the accused 
must have disobeyed an order in writing from the convening au- 
thority to appear before the summary court, and not an order 
from the summary court itself. It is further to be noted that 
this order in writing to appear before the summary court-martial 
4iiust be accompanied by a copy of the charges,. The statute pro- 
vides no method of communicating the order. None being pro- 
vided, any method would be proper which effectively communi- 



11 



(Bui. 5.) 



cates the order to the accused. One such method would be send- 
ing the order of the convening authority to the accused by regis- 
tered mail requesting a return receipt signed by the addressee. 
Ordinarily a return receipt signed by the addressee would be good 
evidence that he had received the order in question, and if the ac- 
cused does not appear in response to this order it is the opinion 
of this office that a summary court officer would be justified in 
issuing a warrant for his arrest. It should be clearly understood, 
however, that the accused must have actually received the order 
and have disobeyed it, before a summary court officer would have 
power to issue a warrant for his arrest. Mere delivery of the 
order at his house is not sufficient. 

"This office is of the. opinion that, wherever practicable, actual 
service of the order, by personal service, is desirable." 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major Genera], 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 

NOTE : In many organizations of the Penna. National Guard 
when a Summary Court issues a summons for the accused to- 
appear, such summons is served by a non-commissioned officer of 
the organization to which the accused is attached. This in the 
opinion of The Adjutant-General of Pennsylvania is a most econom- 
ical method of serving such summons, as this can be made part of 
the duties of the non-commissioned officer. — Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



WAR DEPARTMENT, 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 
CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 49. 

May 27, 1922. 

Subject: Extra Pay during encampment for qualified sharp- 
shooters and marksmen, etc. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

1. The queston of whether National Guard members attending 
4 day schools and 15 day encampments are entitled to extr,a 
allowance for qualifications as marksmen, sharpshooters, expert 
riflemen, etc., was presented to the Comptroller General by the 
General Accounting Office, War Department Division, for a deci- 
sion and the Comptroller General has ruled that members of the 
National Guard are not entitled to such additional pay. This Bu- 
reau is of the opinion that, under existing laws, the National 
Guard should receive the additional pay for qualifications as marks- 
men, etc, and an appeal to the Comptroller General on the subject 
is now being submitted. 

2. Pending reply to such appeal, no payments for qualifications 
as expert riflemen, etc., should be made to the National Guard 
members during the 4 day schools and 15 day encampments to be 
held this summer. Advice as to final decision will be communicated 
to the State Authorities as soon as possible. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

L. C. SCHERER, Colonel, 

Acting Chief, 
Militia Bureau. 



(Bui. 5.) 



12 



WAR DEPARTMENT, 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 
CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 50. 

May 29, 1922. 

Subject : Armory drill pay. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

By decision of the Comptroller General, dated May 15, 1922, 
you are advised that for the officers of a Service Company to 
qualify for pay, it is only necessary that fifty per cent of the 
actual strength of the officers and sixty per cent of the actual 
enlisted strength of the Service Section attend, that strength be- 
ing not less than that prescribed for federal recognition, i. e., it is 
not necessary to consider the Band Section in arriving at sixty 
per cent of the enlisted men present at a drill. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

GEO. C. R1CKARDS. 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT, 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 
CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 51. 

May 31, 1922. 

Subject: Extracts from General Orders and Bulletins. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

The following War Department Bulletin is quoted in advance 
of its publication;, for the information of ail concerned : — 

"Bulletin No. . WAR DEPARTMENT, 

Washington, April , 1922. 

Monthly extracts from general orders and bulletins, — The publica- 
tion of monthly extracts from general orders and bulletins with in- 
dex thereto is discontinued, the last issue being that for March, 
1922. 

2. A list of general orders and bulletins that have been res- 
cinded, superseded or amended, and a list of numbers of paragraphs 
of Army Regulations and other regulations and manuals of the War 
Department that have been changed since the beginning of the year 
during which the amendments, changes, recissions and supersessions 
have been issued, will be combined with the monthly index to 
circulars. 



13 (Bui. 5.) 

3. Bulletin No. 53, War Department, 1917, relating to the 
issue of monthly extracts from general orders and bulletins, is 
rescinded. 

(A. G. 062.1 (4-25-22).) 

By order of the Secretary of War : 

JOHN H. PERSHING, 
General of the Armies, 

Chief of Staff. 

Official : 

ROBERT C. DAVIS, 

Acting The Adjutant General." 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



(Bui. 5.) 



14 



3. The following Tables of Organization, Anti- Aircraft Regi- 
ment, are published for the information and guidance of all con- 
cerned. 

TABLES OF ORGANIZATION OF HEADQUARTERS AND 
HEADQUARTERS BATTERY, ANTI-AIRCRAFT REGI- 
MENT, NATIONAL GUARD, FOR MINIMUM STRENGTH 

OF 50 MEN. 

HEADQUARTERS AND HEADQUARTERS BATTERY, 
ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY. 

(See Militia Bureau Circular Letter No. 1, 1921.) 
(Prescribed Enlisted Peace Strength of R. A. Unit — 56 Men) 



Headquarters Headquarters 
Battery 



Colonels 

Lieutenant Colonels 

Captains 

First Lieutenants 

2nd Lieutenants 

First Sergeants 

Staff Sergeants, inclusive 

Radio 

Sergeants Major 

Sergeants, inclusive 

Corporals, inclusive 

Privates, 1st Class and Privates, incl, 

Chauffeurs, 5th class 

Chauffeurs. 6th class 

Cooks, (Assistant), 5th class .. 

Cooks, (First), 4th class 

Miscellaneous (not rated) 

Total Enlisted 




1 

2 

(1) 
(1) 
4 
4 
39 
(1) 

(1) 
(1) 

(32) 
50 



15 



(Bui. 5.) 



TABLES OP ORGANIZATION OF SERVICE BATTERY, 
ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY, NATIONAL GUARD. FOR 
MINIMUM STRENGTHS OF 50 AND 65 MEN. 

SERVICE BATTERY; ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY. 

(See Militia Bureau Circular Letter No. 1, 1921.) 

(Prescribed Enlisted Peace Strength of R. A. Unit — 92 Men) 



Captains 

First Lieutenants . 
Second Lieutenants 



Warrant Officers 



Master Sergeants, inclusive . . . 

Sergeants, Major 

Supply 

First Sergeants 

Staff Sergeants 

Assistant Band Leaders . . . 

Supply 

Sergeants, inclusive 

Band 

Bugler 

Miscellaneous 

Corporals, inclusive 

Privates, 1st Class and Privates, 
inclusive 

Chauffeurs, 5th Class 

Chauffeurs, 6th Class 

Cooks, (Assistant) 5th class 

Cooks, (First) 4th Class . . 

Musicians, 2nd Class 

Musicians, 3rd Class 

Musicians, 4th Class/ .... 

Musicians 5th Class .... 

Miscellaneous (not rated) . 







1st Bat. 


2d Bat. 


"R p<rf 
xiegt. 


"Ronrl 


Sect. Section 


Oct LIUil 


Sdrtfi ATI 


^finni 1 
^IjUUJ | 

1 


\ .* 1 fi< LI • 






Gun) 


1 












1 










1 




1 







1 




1 




(1) 

V- 1 -/ 












(1) 




1 










1 




1 




(1) 












(1) 


3 


2 








(1) 








(1) 






(3) 








2-3 




1 


1 


9-14 


17-20 


5-8 


5-8 


(1) 








(3)-(4) 




(2) 


(2) 


(1) 








(1) 










(2)-(3) 








(3)-(4) 








(1) 








(11-12) 






|(3)-(7) 




(3)-(6) 


(3)-(6) 


1 — 

I 16-32 


I 20-23 

! 


I 7-10 


I 7-10 





(Bui. 5.) 16 



TABLES OF ORGANIZATION OF BATTALION HEAD- 
QUARTERS AND COMBAT TRAIN FOR GUN BATTALION 
OF ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY, NATIONAL GUARD, 
FOR MINIMUM STRENGTH OF 50 MEN. 

BATTALION HEADQUARTERS AND COMBAT TRAIN, 
ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY. 

(See Militia Bureau Circular Letter No. 1., 1921.) 
(Prescribed Enlisted Peace Strength of R. A. Unit — 67 Men) 







HdqrsDetach.&Combat Train 




e 

o 

% t 

cqW 




Train 
Hdqrs. 


Section 
(3) 


Maintenance 
Section 


First Lieutenant 


1 
1 
1 


1 


1 




1 


First Sergeant 

Privates, 1st Clasa and 

Chauffeurs, 5th Class . . . 
Chauffeurs, 6th Class . . . 

Clerks, 6th Class 

, Cooks, (Asst) 5th Class 
Cooks, (First) 4th Class 
Mechanics, 6th Class . . 
Radio Operators. 6th CI- 




1 

(1) 
1 
1 

11 
(1) 
(1) 
(1) 

(1) 
(1) 
(6) 


1 

1 

2 

(2) 


3 
3 

15 

(12) 

(3) 


1 

10 

(2) 

(1) 

(1) 
(1) 

(5) 






14 


4 


21 


11 



17 (Bui. 5.> 



TABLES OF ORGANISATION OF SEARCHLIGHT BAT- 
TERY, ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY, NATIONAL GURD, 
FOR MINIMUM STRENGTHS OF 50 AND 65 MEN. 

SEARCHLIGHT BATTERY. ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY 

(See Militar Bureau Circular Letter No. 1, 1921.) 

(Prescribed Enlisted Peace Strength of R. A. Unit — 114 Men) 







Operation 


Main- 




Head- 




tenance 




quarters 


Section 


Section 




i 

-L 








1 








1 






Master Sergeants, inclusive . . 






1 








(1) 




1 






Staff Sergeants, incl 




O 


1 






(2) 


(1) 




1 


4 






1 


4-8 


1 


Privates, 1st Class and Pri- 










4 


29-40 


1 


Chauffeurs, 5th Class . . . 




(4) 




Chauffeurs, 6th Class . . . 


(2) 




(1) 


Cooks, (Asst) 5th Class 


(1) 






Cooks, (First) 4th Class 


(1) 






Mechanics, 6th Class . . . 




(4) 








(21)-(32) 




Total Enlisted 


7 


39-54 


4 



(Bui. 5.) 



18 



TABLES OF ORGANIZATION OF BATTERY, ANTI-AIR- 
CRAFT ARTILLERY, NATIONAL GUARD. FOR MINIMUM 
STRENGTH OF 50 MEN. 

BATTERY, ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY. 

(See Militia Bureau Circular Letter No. 1, 1921) 

(Prescribed Enlisted Peace Strength of R. A. Unit— 76 Men) 



Captain 

First Lieutenant 

Second Lieutenant 

First Sergeant 

Sergeants, inclusive 

Corporals, inclusive 

Privates, 1st Class and Pri- 
vates, inclusive 

Chauffeurs, 5th Class . . . 

Chauffeurs, 6th Class . . . 

Cooks, (Asst) 5th Class 

Cooks, (First), 4th Class 

Mechanics, Chief, 4th 
Class 

Mechanics, 6th Class . . . 

Miscellaneous (not rated) 



Battery 
Head- 
quarters 



1 
1 
1 



Firing 

Sections 
(4) 



1 

2 

1 



(1) 
(1) 

(1) 

(6) 



4 
4 

24 
(4) 



(20) 



Total Enlisted 



13 



32 



5 



19 



(Bui. 5.) 



TABLFS OF ORGANIZATION OF BATTALION HEAD- 
QUARTERS FOR MACHINE GUN BATTALION, ANTI-AIR- 
CRAFT ARTILLERY, NATIONAL GUARD. 

BATTALION HEADQUARTERS (MACHINE GUN) ANTI- 
AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY. 

(See Militia Bureau Circular Letter No. 1, 1921) 

(Prescribed Enlisted Strength (Peace) of R. A. Unit — 16 Men) 



Bat allien 
Headquarters 



Major 

First Lieutenant 

Staff Sergeants, inclusive 

Sergeants Major 

Sergeants, inclusive 

Corporals, inclusive 

Privates, 1st Class and Privates, 
inclusive 

Chauffeurs, 5th Class 

Chauffeurs, 6th Class 

Cooks, (First) 4th Class . . . 

Mechanics, 6th Class 

Radio Operators, 6th Class 

Miscellaneous, (not rated) . . 

Total Enlisted 



Headquarters 
Detachment 



1 

(1) 
1 
1 

13 

(1) 

(2) 

(1) 

(1) 

(2) 

(6) 



16 



9 



(Bui. 5.) 



20 



TABLES OF ORGANIZATION OP MACHINE GUN COM- 
PANY, ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY, NATIONAL GUARD, 
FOR MINIMUM STRENGTH OF 50 MEN. 

MACHINE GUN COMPANY, ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY.' 

(See Militia Bureau Circular Letter No. 1, 1921) 

(Prescribed Enlisted Peace Strength of R. A. Unit— 76 Men) 




Platoons (2) 
Each Platoon has 2 
Sections of 2 Squads 
(1 Machine gun to 
each squad) 



Captain 

First Lieutenant 

Second Lieutenant 

First Sergeant 

Sergeants, inclusive 

Corporals, inclusive 

Privates, 1st CI. and Privates 
inclusive 

Chauffeurs, 5th Class . . 

Chauffeurs, 6th Class . . 

Clerks, 6th Class 

Cooks, (Asst) 5th Class . 

Cooks, (First) 4th Class 

Gunners, 6th Class 

Mechanics, Chief, 4th Class 

Miscellaneous, (not rated 

Total Enlisted 



4 
1 



4 
6 

33 

(4) 

(4) 
(25) 



43 



21 



(Bui. 5.) 



IE}0J, 



1— y-^ I » 



I ! 



13 OC CM 



i— i CO I (M 



I i 



juoj; jo qoBg 



(nriQ) 



•si oh # -sj:uh 



I I 



La 
'5 



03 
C 

d 
o 

o 
o 



O 



03 



4) 



>> 
o 

Sh 

O 

o 



a 
v 

+2 



H 
4) 

'3 



cs 



o 
Eh 

I 



O 
U 

a 
O 



d 



I 

o 

OS 

O 



C3 



n 
M 
o 

3 
Eh 



OS 



61 



3 

Eh 



g 

5 



a 



d 



CO 

a 



C5 



(Bui. 5.) 

4. The following table of National Guard Units Federally recognized 
to April 30, 1922 is published herewith: 

NATIONAL GUARD INFANTRY DIVISION— UNITS FEDERALLY RECOGNIZED TO 

APRIL SO, 1922. 

Source of information: Militia Bureau. 

Authorized number of units by Branch for each Infantry Division: 
Infantry 74: Field Artillery 22 : linglneers 7: Medical 7; 
Air Service 1; Trains 5; Special Troops 6; Total 122. 

By unit is meant the smallest unit which is administered on the basis of a 
company. 

Federally Recognized to April 30, 1922 



O 
26 th 
27th 
28th 

29th 



30th 



32nd 



33rd 



34th 



35th 

36th 
37th 

38th 



39th 



40th 



41st 



43rd 



44th 



45th 



hi 
a 



OS 

6,401 
8,850 
8,533 

5,448 



5,605 



4,033 
5,503 



3,722 
7,49a 

6,347 



,423 



2,557 



4,691 



4,578 



5,543 



5,049 



Massachusetts 

New YovJi 

Pennsylvania, 
I Maryland 
{Dist. of Col. 
(.Virginia 
| Tennessee 
{North Carolina 

South Carolina 
[Georgia 
' Wisconsin 
/Michigan 

Illinois 

| North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

Nebraska 
[Kansas 

Texas 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Kentucky 

W. Virginia 

Louisiana 

Mississippi 

Alabama 

Florida 

California 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

Idaho 

Montana 

Wyoming 

Vermont 

Connecticut 

Maine 

Rhode Island 
'New York 

New Jersey 

Delaware 
[Arizona 
•I Colorado 
|N. Mexico 

Oklahoma 



39 



— 1 
1 j — 

io ! — 

10 
10 
18 



10 



n 



92 
122 
1'21 



32 



108 



60 



82 



90 



50 
117 



93 



43 



68 



05 



81 



76 



Total Units 



Recognized 



Authorized 



<?lst and 42nd Divisions not allotted; Arkansas -furni hes Corps and Army Troops. 
& 1 Begt of Inf. not assigned to a Division: New Hampshire furnishes Corps 



and Army Troops. 
NATIONAL GUARD 
INFANTRY DIV. 



B— 7 (192) 



23 



(Bui. 5.) 



By order of WILLIAM C. SPROUL, 

Governor and Commander-in-Chief. 

F. D. BEARY, 

The Adjutant-General. 



Official : 

Adjutant. 



I 

(Bui. 6.) 



Bulletin, 
No. 6. 




COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, 
THE ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S OFFICE, 



Harrisburg, Pa., June 21, 1922. 



The following Act of Congress is published to the Pennsylvania 
National Guard for the information and guidance of all concerned : 



An Act To readjust the pay and allowances of the commissioned 
and enlisted personnel of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast 
Guard, Coast and Geodetic Survey, and Public Health Service. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the United States of America in Congress assembled, That, begin- 
ning July 1, 1922, for the purpose of computing the annual pay 
of the commissioned officers of the Regular Army and Marine 
Corps below the grade of brigadier general, of the Navy below 
the grade of rear admiral, of the Coast Guard, of the Coast and 
Geodetic Survey, and of the Public Health Service below the grade 
of surgeon general, pay periods are prescribed, and the base pay 
for each is fixed as follows : 

The first period, $1,500; the second period, $2,000; the third 
period, $2,400 ; the fourth period, $3,000 ; the fifth period, $3,500 ; 
and the sixth period, $4,000. 

The pay of the sixth period shall be paid to colonels of the 
Army, captains of the Navy, and officers of corresponding grade 
who have completed twenty-six years' service, or whose first 
appointment in the permanent service was in a grade above that 
corresponding to captain in the Army, or who were appointed 
to the Regular Army under the provisions of the first sentence 
of section 24, Act of June 3, 1916, as amended by the Act of June 
4, 1920; to officers of the Staff Corps of the Navy advanced by 
selection under existing laws to the rank or pay of captain ; to 
lieutenant colonels of the Army, commanders of the Navy, and 
officers of corresponding grade, and lieutenant commanders of the 
line and Engineer Corps of the Coast Guard who have completed 
thirty years' service ; and to the Chief of Chaplains of the Army. 

The pay of the fifth period shall be paid to colonels of the Army, 
captains of the Navy, and officers of corresponding grade who are 
not entitled to the pay of the sixth period ; to lieutenant colonels 
of the Army, commanders of the Navy, and officers of correspond- 
ing grade who have completed twenty years' service, or whose 
first appointment in the permanent service was in a grade above 
that corresponding to captain in the Army, or who were appointed 
to the Regular Army under the provisions of the first sentence 
of said section 24 ; to officers of the Staff Corps of the Navy 
advanced by selection under existing laws to the rank or pay of 
commander ; and to majors of the Army, lieutenant commanders 
of the Navy, and officers of corresponding grade who have com- 
pleted twenty-three years' service : Provided, That lieutenant 
commanders of the Staff Corps of the Navy who were appointed 
between the dates of March 4, 1913, and June 7, 1916, in a grade 
above that of ensign, shall receive the pay of this pay period 
after completing twenty years' service. 



(Bui. 6) 



2 



The pay of the fourth period shall be paid to lieutenant colonels 
oi the Army, commanders of the Navy, and officers of correspond- 
ing grade who are not entitled to the pay of the fifth or sixth 
period; to majors! of the Army, lieutenant commanders of the 
Navy, and officers of corresponding grade who have completed 
fourteen years' service, or whose first appointment in the perma- 
nent service was in a grade above that corresponding to second 
lieutenant in the Army, or who were appointed to the Regular 
Army under the provisions of the first sentence of said section 
24 ; to captains of the Army, lieutenants of the Navy, and officers 
of corresponding grade who have completed seventeen years' ser- 
vice, except those whose promotion is limited by law to this grade 
and who are not entitled under existing law to the pay and allow- 
ances^ a higher grade; and to lieutenants of the Staff Corps of 
the Navy, and lieutenants and lieutenants (junior grade) of the 
line and Engineer Corps of the Coast Guard whose total com- 
missioned service equals that of lieutenant; commanders of the 
line of the Navy drawing the pay of this period. 

The pay of the third period shall be paid to majors of the Army, 
lieutenant commanders of the Navy, and officers of corresponding 
grade who are not entitled to the pay of the fourth, fifth, or sixth 
period ; to captains of the Army, lieutenants of the Navy, and 
officers of corresponding grade who have completed seven years' 
service, or whose first appointment in the permanent service was in 
a grade above that corresponding to second lieutenant in the 
Army, or whose present rank dates from July 1, 1920, or eai-lier ; to 
first lieutenants of the Army, lieutenants (junior grade) of the 
Navy, and officers of corresponding grade who have completed ten 
years' service ; and to lieutenants (junior grade) of the line and 
Engineer Corps of the Coast Guard whose total commissioned 
service equals that of lieutenants of the line of the Navy drawing 
the pay of this period. 

The pay of the second period shall be paid to captains of the 
Army, lieutenants of the Navy, and officers of corresponding 
grade who are not entitled to the pay of the third or fourth 
period ; to first lieutenants of the Army, lieutenants (junior grade) 
of the Navy, and officers of corresponding grade who (have com- 
pleted three years' service, or whose first appointmeent in the 
permanent service was in a grade above that corresponding to 
second lieutenant in the Army ; and to second lieutenants of the 
Army, ensigns of the Navy, and officers of corresponding grade 
who have completed five years' service. 

The pay of the first period shall be paid to all other officers 
whose pay is provided for in this section. 

During the existence of a state of war, formally recognized by 
Congress, officers of grades corresponding to those of colonel, 
lieutenant colonel, major, captain, and first lieutenants of the 
Army, holding either permanent or temporary commissions as such, 
shall receive the pay of the sixth, fifth, fourth, third, and second 
periods, respectively, unless entitled under the foregoing pro- 
visions of this section to the pay of a higher period. 

Every officer paid under the provisions of this section shall 
receive an increase of 5 per centum of the base pay of his period 
for each three years of service up to thirty years : Provided, That 
the base pay plus pay for length of service of no officer below the 
grade of colonel of the Army, captain of the Navy, or correspond- 
ing grade, shall exceed $5,750. Nothing contained in the first 
sentence of section 17 or in any other section of this Act shall 
authorize an increase in the pay of officers or warrant officers 
on the retired list on June 30, 1922. 

For officers appointed on and after July 1, 1922, no service 
shall be counted for purposes of pay except active commissioned 
service under a Federal appointment and commissioned service in 



:: 



(Bui. 6) 



the National Guard when called out by order of the President. 
For officers in the service on June 30, 1922, there shall be in- 
cluded in the computation all service which is now counted iu 
computing longevity pay, and service as a contract surgeon serving 
full time ; and also 75 per centum of all other periods of time 
during which they have held commissions as officers j«f the 
Organized Militia between January 21, 1903, and July 1, 1916, 
or of the National Guard, the Naval Militia, or the National 
Naval Volunteers since June 3, 1916, and service as a contract 
surgeon serving full time, shall be included in the computation. 

The provisions of this Act shall apply equally to those persons 
serving, not as commissioned officers in the Army, or in the other 
services mentioned in the title of this Act, but whose pay under 
existing law is an amount equivalent to that of a commissioned 
officer of one of the above grades, those receiving the pay of 
colonel, lieutenant colonel, major, captain, first lieutenant, and 
second lieutenant, being classified as in the sixth, fifth, fourth, 
third, second, and first periods, respectively. Pay clerks of the 
Marine Corps shall receive the pay of second lieutenants of the 
Army of the same length of service. Contract surgeons serving 
full time shall have the pay and allowances for subsistence and 
rental authorized for officers serving in their second pay period. 
Commissioned warrant officers on the active list with creditable 
records shall, after six years' commissioned service, receive the 
pay of the second period, and after twelve years' commissioned 
service, receive the pay of the third period: Provided, That a 
commissioned warrant officer promoted from the grade of war- 
rant officer shall suffer no reduction of pay by reason of such 
promotion. Army field clerks and field clerks, Quartermaster 
Corps, shall have the allowances for subsistence and rental 
authorized for officers receiving the pay of the first period. 

Sec. 2. That noi commissioned officer while on field or sea 
duty shall receive any increase of his pay or compensation by 
reason of such duty. 

Sec. 3. That when officers of the National Guard or 1 of the 
reserve forces of any of the services mentioned in the title of this 
act are authorized by law to receive Federal pay, those serving 
in grades corresponding to those of colonel, lieutenant colonel, 
major, captain, first lieutenant, and second lieutenant of the 
Army shall receive the pay of the sixth, fifth, fourth, third, second, 
and first periods, respectively. In computing the increase of pay 
for each period of three years' service, such officers shall be 
credited with full time for all periods during 1 which they have 
held commissions as officers of any of the services mentioned in 
the title of this Act, or in the Organized Militia prior to July 1, 
1916. or in the National Guard, or in the Naval Militia, or in 
the National Naval Volunteers, or in the Naval Reserve Force or 
Marine Corps Reserve Force, when confirmed in grade and 
qualified for all general service, with full time for all periods 
during which they have performed active duty under reserve 
commissions, and with one-half time for all other periods during 
which they have held reserve commissions. 

See. 4. That the term "dependent'' as used in the sueeeding 
sections of this Act shall include at all times and in all places 
a lawful wife and unmarried children under twenty-one years of 
age. It shall also include the mother of the officer provided she 
is in fact dependent on him for her chief support. 

Sec. 5. That each commissioned officer on the active list, or 
on active duty below the grade of brigadier general or its equiva- 
lent, in any of the services mentioned in the title of this Act, 
shall be entitled at all times, in addition to his pay, to a money 
allowance for subsistence, the value of one allowance to be de- 
termined by the President for each fiscal year in accordance with 



(Bui. 6) 



4 



a certificate furnished by the Secretary of Labor showing the 
comparative retail cost of food in the United States for the 
previous calendar year as compared with the calendar year 1922. 
The value of one allowance is hereby fixed at 60 cents per day 
for the fiscal year 1923, and this value shall be the maximum 
and shall be used by the President as the standard in fixing the 
same or lower values for subsequent years. To each officer of 
any of the said services receiving the base pay of the first period 
the amount of this allowence shall be equal to one subsistence 
allowance, to each officer receiving the base pay of the second, 
third, or sixth period the amount of this allowance shall be equal 
to two subsistence allowances, and to each officer receiving the 
base pay of the fourth or fifth period the amount of this allow- 
ance shall be equal to three subsistence allowances : Provided, 
That an officer with no' dependents shall receive one subsistence 
allowance in lieu of the above allowances. 

Sec. 6. That each commissioned officer on the active list or on 
active duty below the grade of brigadier general or its equivalent, 
in any of the services mentioned in the title of this Act, if public 
quarters are not available, shall be entitled at all times, in ad- 
dition to his pay, to a money allowance for rental of quarters, 
the amount of such allowance to be determined by the rate for 
one room fixed by the President for each fiscal year in accordance 
with a certificate furnished by the Secretary of Labor showing 
the comparative cost of rents in the United States for the pre- 
ceding calendar year as compared with the calendar year 1922. 
Such rate for one room is hereby fixed at $20 per month for the 
fiscal year 1923, and this rate shall be the maximum and shall be 
used by the President as the standard in fixing the same or lower 
rates for subsequent years. To each officer receiving the base pay 
of the first period the amount of this allowance shall be equal to 
that for two rooms, to each officer receiving the base pay of the 
second period the amount of this allowance shall be equal to 
that for three rooms, to each officer receiving the base pay of the 
third period the amount of this allowance shall be equal to that 
for four rooms, to each officer receiving the base pay of the fourth 
period the amount of this allowance shall be equal to that for 
five rooms, and to each officer receiving the base pay of the fifth 
or sixth period the amount of this allowance shall be equal to 
that for six rooms. The rental allowance shall accure while the 
officer is on field or sea duty, temporary duty away from his 
permanent station, in hospital, on leave of absence or on sick 
leave, regardless of any shelter that may be furnished him for his 
personal use, if his dependent or dependents are not occupying 
public quarters during such period. In lieu of the above allow- 
ances an officer with no dependents receiving the base pay of 
the first or second period shall receive the allowance for two 
rooms, that such an officer receiving the base pay of the third 
or fourth period shall receive the allowance for three rooms, 
and that such an officer receiving the base pay of the fifth or 
sixth period shall receive the allowance for four rooms, but no 
rental allowance shall be made to any officer without dependents 
by reason of his employment on field or sea duty. 

Sec. 7. That when the total of base pay, pay for length of 
service and allowances for subsistence and rental of quarters, 
authorized in this Act for any officer below the grade of brigadier 
general or its equivalent, shall exceed $7,200 a year, the amount 
of the allowances to which such officer is entitled shall be reduced 
by the amount of the excess above $7,200: Provided, That this 
section shall not apply to the Captain Commandant of the Coast 
Guard nor to the Director of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. 

Sec. 8. That commencing July 1, 1922, the annual base pay 
of a brigadier general of the Army and of the Marine Corps, rear 



5 



(Bui. 6) 



admiral (lower half) of the Navy, commodore of the Navy, and 
Surgeon General of the Public Health Service shall be $6,000; 
and the annual base pay of a major general of the Army and of 
the Marine Corps, and rear admiral (upper half) of the Navy 
shall be $8,000. Every such officer shall be entitled to the same 
money allowance for subsistence as is authorized in section 5 of 
this Act for officers receiving the pay of the sixth period and to 
the the same money allowance for rental of quarters as is author- 
ized in section 6 of this Act for officers receiving the pay of the 
sixth period: Provided, That when the total of base pay, sub- 
sistence, and rental allowances exceeds $7,500 for officers serving 
m the grade of brigadier general of the Army and of the Marine 
Corps, rear admiral (lower half) of the Navv, commodore of the 
Navy, and Surgeon General of the Public Health Service, and 
.$9,700 for those serving in the grade of maior general of the 
Army and of the Marine Corps, and rear admiral (upper half) 
of the Navy, the amount of the allowances to which such officer 
is entitled shall be reduced by the amount of the excess above 
$7,500 or $9,700. respectively. Rear admirals of the Navy serv- 
ing in higher grades shall be entitled, while so serving, to the pav 
and allowances of a rear admiral (upper half) and to a personal 
money allowance per year as follows : When serving in the grade 
of vice admiral, $500; when serving in the grade of admiral or 
as Chief of Naval Operations, $2,200. 

Sec. 9. That commencing July 1, 1922, the monthly base pay 
of warrant officers and enlisted men of the Army and Marine 
Corps shall be as follows : Warrant officers of the Armv and 
Marine Corps, $148; warrant officers, Armv Mine Planter Ser- 
vice, master, $185 ; first mate, $141 ; second mate, $109 ; engineer, 
$175 ; assistant engineer, $120 ; enlisted men of the first, grade, 
$120 ; enlisted men of the second grade, $84 ; enlisted men of the 
third grade, $72 ; enlisted men of the fourth grade, $54 ; enlisted 
men of the fifth grade, $42 ; enlisted men of the sixth grade, $30 ; 
enlisted men of the seventh grade, $21 ; and the pay for special- 
ists' ratings shall be as follows: First class, $30; 'second class, 
$25; third class. $20; fourth class, $15; fifth class, $6; sixth 
class, $3. Existing laws authorizing continuous-service pay for 
each five years of service are hereby repealed, effective June 30, 
1922. Commencing July 1, 1922, warrant officers of the Army 
and Marine Corps, including warrant officers of the Army Mine 
Planter Service and enlisted men of the Army and Marine Corps, 
shall receive, as a permanent addition to their pay, an increase 
of 5 per centum of their base pay for each four years of service 
in any of the services mentioned in the title of this Act not to 
exceed 25 per centum. On and after July 1, 1922, an enlistment 
allowance equal to $50, multiplied by the number of years served 
in the enlistment period from which he has last been discharged, 
shall be paid to every honorably discharged enlisted man of the 
first three grades who reenlists within a period of three months 
from the date of his discharge, and an enlistment allowance of 
$25, multiplied by the number of years served in the enlistment 
period from which he has last been discharged, shall be paid to 
every honorably discharged enlisted man of the other grades who 
reenlists within a period of three months from the date of this 
discharge. Nothing contained herein shall operate to reduce the 
pay now being received by any transferred member of the Fleet 
Marine Corps Reserve. On and after July 1. 1922, retired enlist- 
ed men of the Army and Marine Corps shall have their retired 
pay computed as now authorized by law on the basis of pay 
provided in this Act. 

Sec. 10. That on and after July 1, 1922, the monthly base 
pay of warrant officers of the Navy and Coast Guard shall be as 
follows : During the first six years of service — at sea, $153 ; 



(Bui. 6) 



6 



on shore, $135 ; during the second six years of service — at sea,. 
$168 ; on shore, $147 ; after twelve years' service — at sea, $189 ; 
on shore, $168. On and after July 1, 1922, for purposes of pay, 
enlisted men of the Navy and Coast Guard shall be distributed 
in seven grades, with monthly base rates of pay as follows : 
First grade, $126; second grade, $84; third grade, $72; fourth 
grade, $60; fifth grade, $54; sixth grade, $36;seventh grade, $21. 
Chief petty officers under acting appointment shall be included 
in the first grade at a monthly base pay of $99. 

That the Secretary of the Navy is authorized to fix the pay 
grade for the various ratings of enlisted men of the Navy ; and 
the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to fix the pay grade 
for the various ratings of enlisted men of the Coast Guard. Mates 
shall receive the pay of enlisted men of the first grade of the 
Navy. Nothing contained herein shall operate to reduce the pay 
now being received by any transferred member of tie Fleet 
Naval Reserve. In lieu of all permanent additions to pay now 
authorized for enlisted men of the Navy and Coast Guard, they 
shall receive, as a permanent addition to their pay, an increase 
of 10 per centum on the base pay of their rating upon completion 
of the first four years of enlisted service, and an additional in- 
crease of 5 per centum for each four years' service thereafter, 
the total not to exceed 25 per centum. All transient additions 
to pay of enlisted men of the Navy and Coast Guard are hereby 
repealed, except as provided for in section 21 of this Act. 

The rates of pay of the insular force of the Navy shall be one- 
half the rates of pay prescribed for enlisted men of the Navy in 
correponding ratings. Existing laws authorizing a reenlistment 
gratuity to enlisted men of the Navy and Coast Guard are here- 
by repealed, and an enlisted allowance equal to $50 multiplied by 
the number of years in the enlistment period from which he has 
last been discharged, but not to exceed $200, shall be paid to 
every honorably discharged enlisted man of the first three grades 
who reenlists within a period of three months from the date of 
his discharge ; and an enlistment allowance of $25 multiplied by 
the number of years served in the enlistment period from which 
he has last been discharged, but not to exceed $100, shall be paid 
to every honorably discharged enlisted man of the other grades 
who reenlists within a period of three months from the date of 
his discharge. On and after July 1, 1922, retired enlisted men 
of the Navy and Coast Guard shall have their retired pay com- 
puted as now authorized by law on the basis of pay provided by 
this Act. 

Sec. 11. That warrant officers of the Army, including those 
of the Army Mine Planter Service, of the Navy, Marine Corps, 
and Coast Guard, shall be entitled at all times to the same money 
allowance for subsistence as is authorized in section 5 of this Act 
for officers receiving the pay of the first period, and to the same 
money allowance for rental of quarters as is authorized in section 
6 of this Act for officers receiving the pay of the first period. To 
each enlisted man not furnished quarters or rations in kind there 
shall be granted, under such regulations as the President may 
prescribe, an allowance for quarters and subsistence, the value 
of which shall depend on the conditions under which the duty of 
the man is being performed, and shall not exceed $4 per day. 
These regulations shall be uniform for all the services mentioned 
in the title of this Act. Subsistence for pilots shall be paid in 
accordance with existing regulations, and rations for enlisted men 
may be commuted as now authorized by law. 

Sec. 12. That officers of any of the services mentioned in 
the title of this Act, when traveling under competent orders with- 
out troops, shall receive a mileage allowance at the rate of 8 
cents per mile, distance to be computed by the shortest usually 
traveled route and existing laws providing for the issue of trans- 



7 



(Bui. 6) 



portation requests to officers of the Army traveling under com- 
petent orders, and for deduction to be made from mileage accounts 
when transportation is furnished by the United States, are hereby 
made applicable to all the services mentioned in the title of this 
Act, but in cases when orders are given for travel to be per- 
formed repeatedly between two or more places in the same vicin- 
ity, as determined by the head of the executive department con- 
cerned, he may, in his discretion, direct that actual and necessary 
expenses only be allowed. Actual expenses only shall be paid 
for travel under orders outside the limits of the United States in 
North America. Unless otherwise expressly provided by law, 
no officer of the services mentioned in the title of this Act shall 
be allowed or paid any sum in excess of expenses actually incurred 
for subsistence while traveling on duty away from his designated 
post of duty, nor any sum for such expenses actually incurred in 
excess of $7 per day. The heads of the executive departments 
concerned are authorized to prescribe per diem rates of allowance, 
not exceeding $6, in lieu of subsistence to officers traveling on 
official business and away from their designated posts of duty. 

In lieu of the transportation in kind authorized by section 12 
of an Act entitled "An Act to increase the efficiency of the 
commissioned and enlisted personnel of the Army, Navy, Marine 
Corps, Coast Guard, Coast and Geodetic Survey, and Public 
Health Service," approved May 18, 1920, to be furnished by the 
United States for dependents, the President may authorize the 
payment in money of amounts equal to such commercial trans- 
portation costs when such travel shall have been completed. 
Dependent children shall be such as are defined in Section 4 of 
this Act. 

Sec. 13. That, commencing July 1, 1922, the annual pay of 
female nurses of the Army and Navy shall be as follows : During 
the first three years of service, $840 ; from the beginning of the 
fourth year of service until the completion of the sixth year of 
service, $1,080; from the beginning of the seventh year of service 
until the completion of the ninth year of service, $1,380 ; from 
the beginning of the tenth year of service, $1,560. Superintend- 
ents of the Nurse Corps shall receive a money allowance at the 
rate of $2,500 a year, assistant superintendents, directors, and 
assistant directors at the rate of $1,500 a year, and chief nurses 
at the rate of $600 a year, in addition to their pay as nurses. 
Nurses shall be entitled to the same allowance for subsistence 
as is authorized in section 5 of this Act for officers receiving the 
pay of the first period, and to the same allowance for rental of 
quarters as is authorized in section 6 of this Act for officers re- 
ceiving the pay of the first period. 

Sec. 14. That officers of the National Guard receiving Federal 
pay, except for armory drill, and reserve officers of any of the 
services mentioned in the title of this Act while on active duty 
shall receive the allowances herein prescribed for officers of the 
regular services in sections 5 and 6 of this Act. Hereafter, in 
addition to the pay authorized in section 109, Act of June 3, 1916, 
as amended by the Act of June 4, 1920, field officers and lieuten- 
ants of the National Guard commanding organizations less than a 
brigade, and having administrative functions, shall receive $240 
per year for the faithful performance of the administrative duties 
connected therewith ; and warrant officers of the National Guard 
shall receive not more than four-thirtieths of the monthly base 
pay of their grade for satisfactory performance of their appropri- 
ate duties, under such regulations as the Secretary of War may 
prescribe. 

On and after July 1, 1922, the armory drill pay for enlisted 
men of the National Guard of the sixth grade shall be $1.15, and 
for those of the seventh grade shall be $1, in lieu of that author- 



(Bui. G) 



8 



ized in section 110, Act of June 3, 1916, as amended by the Act 
of June 4, 1920; and the pay of enlisted men of the National 
Guard of the sixth and seventh grades shall be $1.15 and $1 per 
day, respectively, whenever they are participating in exercises 
provided for by sections 94, 97, and 99 of the National Defense 
Act, approved June 3, 1916. 

Sec. 15. That existing laws authorizing increase of pay for 
foreign service and commutation of quarters, heat, and light are 
hereby repealed, effective July 1, 1922. 

Sec. 16. That nothing contained in this Act shall operate to 
reduce the pay of any officer on the active list below the pay to 
which he is entitled by reason of his grade and length of service 
on June 30, 1922, not including additional pay authorized by the 
Act entitled "An Act to increase the efficiency of the commission- 
ed and enlisted personnel of the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps, 
Coast Guard, Coast and Geodetic Survey, and Public Health 
Service," approved May 18, 1920 ; and nothing contained in this 
Act shall operate to reduce the total of the pay and allowances 
which any enlisted man of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, or 
Coast Guard is now receiving during his current enlistment and 
while he holds his present grade or rating. 

The provisions of this section shall apply in like manner to 
each person not commissioned whose pay is based by law on that 
of a commissioned officer. 

See. 17. That on and after July 1, 1922, retired officers and 
warrant officers shall have their retired pay, or equivalent pay, 
computed as now authorized by law on the basis of pay provided 
in this Act : Provided, That nothing contained in this Act shall 
operate to reduce the present pay of officers, warrant officers, and 
enlisted men now on the retired list or officers or warrant officers 
in an equivalent status of any of the services mentioned in the 
title of this Act. Active duty performed after June 30, 1922, 
by an officer on the retired list or its equivalent shall not entitle 
such officer to promotion: Provided, That officers and former 
officers of the Philippine Scouts who were placed on the retired 
list prior to June 4, 1920, shall be entitled to promotion on the 
retired list for active duty heretofore performed subsequent; to 
retirement, in accordance with the provisions of section 127a of 
the Act of June 3, 1916, as amended by the Act of June 4, 1920, 
and to the same pay and benefits received by other officers of 
the Army of like grade and length of service, on the retired list. 
Retired officers of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, 
and Coast and Geodetic Survey below the grade of brigadier 
general or commodore and retired warrant officers and enlisted 
men of those services shall, when on active duty, receive full pay 
and allowances. 

Sec. 18. That under such regulations as- the President may 
prescribe, enlisted men of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and 
Coast Guard may receive additional compensation not less than 
$1 or more than $5 per month, for special qualification in the 
use of the arm or arms which they may be required to use. All 
laws and parts of laws authorizing extra pay for qualification 
in the use of arms or instruments, or for holding rated positions, 
except as otherwise sepcifically provided herein, are hereby re- 
pealed, to take effect July 1, 1922. 

Sec. 19. That cadets at the Military Academy and cadets and 
cadet engineers of the Coast Guard shall receive the same pay and 
allowances as are now or may hereafter be provided by law tor 
midshipmen in the Navy. 

Sec 20 That all officers, warrant officers, and enlisted men 
of "all branches of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Coast 
Guard, when detailed to duty involving flying, shall receive the 
same increase of their pay and the same allowance for traveling 



'J 



(Bui. 6) 



expenses as are now authorized for the performance of like duties 
in the Army. Exclusive of the Army Air Service, and student 
aviators and qualified aircraft pilots of the Navy, Marine Corps, 
and Coast Guard, the number of officers of any of the services men- 
tioned in the title of this Act detailed to duty involving flying shall 
not at any one time exceed one-half of 1 per centum of the total 
authorized commissioned strength of such service. Regulations 
in execution of the provisions of this section shall be made by 
the President and shall be uniform for all the services concerned. 

Sec. 21. That nothing in this Act shall operate to change in 
any way existing laws, or regulations made in pursuance of law, 
governing pay and allowances of the General of the Armies, the 
enlisted men of the Philippine Scouts, Marine Band, Naval 
Academy Band, Indian scouts, or flying cadets ; nor the allowances 
in kind for rations, quarters, heat, and light for enlisted men ; 
nor allowances in kind for quarters, heat, and light for officers 
and warrant officers; nor allowances for private mounts for offi- 
cers ; nor transportation in kind for officers and warrant officers 
and enlisted men and their dependents ; nor transportation and 
packing allowances for baggage or household effects of officers and 
warrant officers and enlisted men ; nor additional pay for aides ; 
nor extra pay to enlisted men serving as stenographic reporters, 
or employed as cooks or messmen, or mail clerks, or assistant mail 
clerks, or engaged in submarine diving or service on submarines ; 
nor money allowances granted to enlisted men on account of 
awards of medals or decorations expressly authorized by Congress. 

Sec. 22. That the provisions of this Act shall be effective be- 
ginning July 1, 1922, and all laws and parts of laws which are 
inconsistent herewith or in conflict with the provisions hereof are 
hereby repealed as of that date. 

Approved, June 10, 1922. 



By order of WILLIAM C. SPROUL, 
Governor and Commanded-in-Chief. 

F. D. BEARY. 

The Adjutant General. 

Official : 



Adjutant. 



4; 



4] 



[Bui. 7.] 



COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, 
THE ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE. 

Bulletin ( 
No. 7. f 

Harrisburg, Pa., July 20, 1922. 

1. The following communication of the Militia Bureau, Washington, 
D. C, is published for the information and guidance of all concerned : 



CONFIDENTIAL AND IMMEDIATE ACTION. 
M. B. 400.24-Pennsylvania. 

WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 

Washington, July 20, 1022. 

Subject : Care of Anns and Ammunition. 

To: The Adjutant General of Pennsylvania 

1. In view of the present conditions and previous advice, it should not 
be again necessary to caution State authorities of the. necessity of close 
supervision of arms and ammunition issued to the units of the National 
Guard, to the end that none may find the way in to the hands of irrespon- 
sible or lawless persons. ' 

2. Every precaution must be taken to guard against such a possibility 
by keeping arms and ammunition secure under lock and key and properly 
guarded. The States are held responsible for all Federal property issued 
to them. They should, therefore, prohibit the removal of any such articles 
from the proper place of keeping except by proper authority. Where in- 
dividuals have been authorized to remove arms or ammunition from the 
armory, arsenal, or other recognized place of keeping, instructions should 
be issued for their immediate return. 

3. It is suggested that extraordinary caution be taken to carry out 
explicitly the safeguarding of such munitions. 

Geo. C. Rickards, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



(NOTE : — All Company, Troop and Battery Commanders are directed to 
immediately recall any arms or ammunition which have been taken to the 
homes of the members of the organization, either by reason of lack of proper 
storage at armory or for purposes of training. All arms will be retained 
under the immediate supervision of the organization commanders and they 
will be held strictly responsible for their care and pi-escrvation. — Adj. Gen. 
Pa.) 



(Bui. 7.) 



2 



2. The following communication of the Finance Officer, U. S. A., Phila- 
delphia, Pa., relative to drill pay of bands and mounted sections is pub- 
lished for the information and guidance of all concerned : 

FINANCE DEPARTMENT U. S. ARMY, 
OFFICE, FINANCE OFFICER. 
2620 Gray's Ferry Road. 
Philadelphia. 

240- AD (N. G. Harrisburg) June 26, 1922. 

To : The Adjutant General, Pennsylvania National Guard, Harris- 

burg, Pa. 

Subject : Pay — Band and Mounted Section. 

1. Under date of April 19, 1922, this office furnished you a copy of its 
indorsement dated April 19, 1922, in which opinion was expressed : 

"That to entitle the officers of the Service Troop to pay, that a mini- 
mum of 50 enlisted men in the troop — band and mounted section — must 
be maintained, and to enable officers to qualify for pay for attendance 
at drill with the mounted section the organization commander must 
present for drill not less than 60% of 28 men — minimum strength of 
mounted section." 

2. Under date of May 15, 1922, the Comptroller General of the United 
States to The Honorable, Secretary of War, held in part as follows: 

"There remains for consideration, however,, the question : What 
constitutes the organization of which 60% of the enlisted strength must 
attend and participate in drills before the officers of service companies 
are entitled to pay for drills. 

"This, I think is answered by the tables of organization of the serv- 
ice company, which provides for lieutenants in command of the staff 
section, the supply section and the transportation platoon, no officers 
have any duties to perform with respect to the band other than the 
captain and his duties are only the supervision of routine administra- 
tive details and discipline. It is apparent that it is that part of the 
service company exclusive of the band, where the officers have some 
duties to perform, that constitutes the organization 60% of whose en- 
listed strength must attend and participate in drills." 

3. In view of the decision of the Comptroller General, quoted in part 
above, this office will in the absence of any contrary decision rendered sub- 
sequent to May 15, 1922, pay officers of service companies when 50% of the 
officers and 60% of the enlisted men of the authorized minimum strength 
of the organization, exclusive of the band, are present for drill. 

S. B. Mclntyret 
Finance Officer, U. S. A. 



3. The following communication to the Finance Officer, U. S. A., Phila- 
delphia, Pa., relative to Armory drill pay due deceased members of the Na- 
tional Guard is published for the information and guidance of all con* 
cerned : 

FINANCE DEPARTMENT. U. S. ARMY, 
OFFICE, FINANCE OFFICER, 
PHILADELPHIA, PA. 

240- AD (General) July 11, 1922. 

To : The Adjutant General, Pennsylvania National Guard, Harris- 

burg, Pa. 

Subject : Armory Drill Pay due Deceased Members of National Guard. 

1. There is quoted below, for the information of your office, Sec. 1, 
Finance Memorandum No. 44, issued by the Office Chief of Finance under 
date of July 6, 1922: 



?, 



(Bui. 7.) 



"When disbursing officers make application to the Comptroller 
General of the United States under Par. 10, A. R. 35-120, for audit 
and certification of accounts of heirs, executors or administrators of 
the estate of deceased members of the National Guard for armory drill 
pay due, the submission should affirmatively show that the request is 
made by a disbursing officer and that the voucher in question has been 
presented to him for payment under the provisions of Par. 652 A. R. 
1913, 1 Comp. Gen. 471, and 1 Comp. Gen. 607. The Voucher must 
be certified by the claimant (the widow, child, father and mother joint- 
ly, provided the father has not abandoned the support of his family, 
brothers and sisters, and their children,, in the order named), should 
contain the date and place of death of the National Guardsman, state- 
ment as to appointment of administrator, the status of the estate, and 
statement that the deceased left no debts except those that will be 
settled by the affiant. The receipt for the funeral expenses paid by 
the claimant should be attached to the voucher." 

S. B. Mclntyre, 
Finance Officer, U. S. A. 



4. The following communication of the Militia Bureau, War Depart- 
ment, correcting Circular Letter No. 38, is published for the information of 
all concerned : 

WAR DEPARTMENT 
Militia Bureau 
WASHINGTON 

M. B.-353.3 (National) June 28, 1922. 

Subject : Correction of Circular Letter No. 38, "National Matches, 1922". 

To : The Adjutants General of all States. Territories of Hawaii and 

Porto Rico and the District of Columbia National Guard. 

Paragraph 10 (c), Militia Bureau Circular Letter No. 38, May 4, 1922. 
should read "(c) National Rifle Team Match, 10 shots, slow fire, 600 yards 
in place of 20 shots". 

Geo. C. Rickards, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



5. The following communication of the Militia Bureau, relative to Na- 
« tional Matchesi, is published for the information of all concerned : 

WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington 

M. B.-353.3 (National) July 10, 1922. 

Subject : National Matches. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of Hawaii and 

Porto Rico and the District of Columbia National Guard. 

1. The necessity for economy in National expenditures has forced Con- 
gress to make appropriations for the support of the National Guard for 



(Bill. 7.) 



4 



the fiscal year 1923 about three million dollars less than the sum estimated 
by the Militia Bureau as being absolutely necessary. 

2. Thus the Militia Bureau is confronted with a very serious problem : 
that of administering the finances for the current year with the least pos- 
sible disturbance to the existing activities of the National Guard and to 
provide for the advancement (and advance we must or go back as there is 
no such thing as standing still) of the service in which we are engaged. 
As an indication of the seriousness of this problem, it may be stated that 
while the strength of the National Guard is forty per cent greater than it 
was one year ago, appropriations show an increase of but one per cent. 
The situation will require the best efforts of all and while we realize the 
handicap and the impossibility of reaching the objectives we had set in 
anticipation of an appropriation of at least three million dollars more than 
has been made. 

S. However, let us not permit this situation to lessen our efforts, but 
rather to devote a greater energy to these features which we find we are 
able to carry out during the coming year. None of us are more interested 
in the work than the Militia Bureau and Corps Area Commanders, and the 
National Guard may be fully assured of the most hearty cooperation in all 
things that are practicable and make for the advancement of the National 
Guard service. 

4. There is a flat sum of $8,100,000 appropriated for the purpose of 
the 15-day camp, which includes transportation, pay, subsistence, and inci- 
dentals belonging thereto ; for 4-day camps of instruction ; for rifle practice 
within the States and the National Matches at Camp Perry, Ohio. 

5. In the past few years, the subappropriations were interchangeable to 
the amount of 20% and previous to that it was appropriated as one sum. 
This year there is no such provision and the injunction of the President 
that deficiencies must not be created makes it imperative that we keep 
within the limit of each of these subappropriations. The estimates of the 
several States for expenses of 15-day camps of instruction have been ap- 
proved by this Bureau almost without exception. It is believed that these 
estimates are most liberal and ample to meet every obligation. The amount 
has been set aside to the credit of the State and it must be understood that 
where it is exceeded for any reason whatever the excess above that re- 
served must be met by the State from other than Federal funds. 

6. Now all this may or may not be news, but it is leading up to the 
real question. As has been said, it is believed that the reservations are 
most liberal ; in fact, it is believed that each State, by the practice of more 
than the usual economy, may save sufficient monies to carry out the much 
desired program of rifle practice and National Guard Rifle Matches. The 
instruction of the Artillery, during the 15-day camp, is devoted almost ex- 
clusively to the school of fire, and, unlike the Infantry, no special period 
is required by it for the purpose. The 15-day camp for Infantry, Cavalry 
and Combat Engineers does not offer this advantage to these arms except 
in the most limited degree. One of our old text books tells us. "There is 
but one kind of infantry and that is good infantry", but no infantry can be " 
good that cannot shoot the rifle, and the training on the rifle range is as 
essential as the extended or close order instruction ; in fact, there is no 
part of the infantry soldier's education of more importance than fire disci- 
pline and the ability to HIT what he shoots at. 

7. The National Rifle Matches are not only of interest and importance 
to the National Guard, but concern the whole country, because through this 
medium they have kept alive the old, and created from year to year a new 
interest throughout the States among individuals and citizens' clubs. With- 
out the cooperation of the Nahional Guard in these Matches, it is doubtful 
if they can be conducted this year, a great contrast from that of a year ago 
when the National Guard was represented by 42 State teams which made 
enviable record in those Matches. 

8. The average cost of a State team in the National Matches is about 
$4,000 and to carry on the individual instruction within the State for the 
different degrees of qualification will amount to approximately $16,000, a 



5 



(Bui. 7.) 



total of $20,000 which., in turn,, may be reduced by the practice of the same 
careful expenditure as was made to create the fund. 

9. The average estimated cost of the 15-day camps for this year will be 
about $165,500 per State,, and it is believed that each State may make a 
saving sufficient to carry on the usual instruction in Rifle Practice and, at 
the same time, permit them to send State teams to the National Matches. 

10. It is requested that this Bureau be advised so soon as it shall have 
been determined that a saving as above set forth has been effected, stating 
the amount. 

By direction of the Secretary of War: 

Geo. C. Richards, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



6. The following circular letters of the Militia Bureau are published 
for the information and guidance of all concerned : 

WAR DEPARTMENT 
M. B. — 240.91 Militia Bureau 

WASHINGTON 



June 7, 192::. 

CIRCULAR LETTER 
No. 52. 

Subject: Pay Rolls. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of Hawaii and 

Porto Rico and the District of Columbia National Guard. 

1. Armory drill pay rolls for the period ending June 30, 1922, will be 
prepared and submitted in accordance with instructions in force prior to 
the issuance of the National Guard Regulations of 1922. 

2. New forms W. D. 367 and 367 a dated March 9. 1922, have been 
printed for use in preparing armory drill pay rolls after June 30, 1922. 
The new forms will not be used for preparing pay rolls for armory drill 
pay for the period ending June 30, 1922, unless none of the old forms 
(dated July 24 and 21, 1916) are on hand. 

3. If existing instructions have been complied with, the armory drill 
pay rolls for the period ending June 30, 1922, should now be practically 
complete except for the recording of the drills held from now up to the end 
of the period. Requisitions for form W. D. 367 b — no date — Plate Number 

f 3-7984 will be limited to the number necessary to complete armory drill pay 
rolls for the period ending June 30, 1922, as this form will become obsolete 
after that date. 

4. On and after July 1, 1922, the instructions with reference to pay 
rolls in National Guard Regulations 1922, will be effective. 

Forms M. B. 107 and W. D. 367b have been revised and the new forms 
will be used on and after July 1. 1922. Essentially, these forms will 
provide for a separate armory drill attendance record for each individual 
of the National Guard, together with a record, in total numbers only, of 
the officers and men attending each armory drill or equivalent military 
duty. The above revised forms will, upon receipt, be issued to the various 
States without requisition. In case these forms are not received by July 
1, 1922, a temporary record of armory drill attendance will be kept for 
each individual of the National Guard, using for this purpose old form 
W. D. 367b, or an improvised substitute if Form 367b is not on hand. Upon 
the receipt of revised forms M. B. 107 and W. D. 367b, the temporary 



(Bui. 7.) 



G 



record will be carried to these forms in accordance with the instructions 
thereon. 

5. Pay rolls for the field training period (15 day) and for camps of 
instruction (4 day) will be prepared on W. D. Forms 367 and 367a, dated 
July 24 and 21, 1916, if the final date of the payroll is prior to July 1, 
1922. If the final date of the pay roll is subsequent to June 30, 1922, 
W. D. Forms 367 and 367a dated March 9, 1922, will be used and if Hot 
on hand will be supplied on requisition. 

6. The supply of W. D. Forms 367 and 367a, dated July 24 and 21, 
1916, is exhausted. Hence when these forms are not on hand in an or- 
ganization or State, it will be. necessary to use Form 367 and 367a dated 
March 9, 1922, in lieu thereof. 

George C. Rickards, 
Major General 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
Militia Bureau 
WASHINGTON 

M. B.— 353. June 20, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER 

No. 53 

Subject: Training in Chemical Warfare. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of Hawaii 

and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia National Guard. 

1. The following substitution for Section III, G. O. No. 42, War De- 
partment. 1921, is about to be published in G. O. 24, W. D., 1922: 

"Under the act of Congress approved June 4, 1920. training and 
and instruction of the Army in chemical warfare will be confined 
to the use of smoke, incendiary materials, nontoxic gas for train- 
ing and gas defense appliances, and will consist of the following : 

1. The conduct of a special service school for the training and 
instruction in defensive chemical warfare, for the following : 

a. Selected officers and noncommissioned officers of the Chemi- 
cal Warfare Service for duty in the Chemical Warfare Service. 

6. Selected officers of combatant arms in the duties pertain- 
ing to defensive chemical warfare. Officers so instructed will be 
available as instructors in defensive chemical warfare in their own 
units. 

c. Selected officers of the National Guard and Organized Re- 
serves for duty as stated in subparagraph b. 

2. Provision for chemical warfare personnel as instructors in 
defensive chemical warfare at general service schools and at cer- 
tain special service schools as directed by the War Department. 

3. Provision for personnel of the Chemical Warfare Service for 
representation upon the staffs of departments, corps areas, and 
divisions. 

4. Provision for the availability of suleh chemical warfare per- 
sonnel as are necessary for demonstration and for instructional 
purposes in defensive chemical warfare measures at special service 
schools, 



7 



(Bui. 7.) 



5. Provision for suitable chemical warfare personnel for de- 
partments and corps areas during periods of field training- for 
training and instructional purposes in defensive chemical wafare 
measures." 

2. Training in Chemical Warfare was not included in the subjects 
prescribed in publication from this office dated August 18, 1921. However, 
in view of the order quoted in Par. 1, hereof, some modification in in- 
structions issued appear to be necessary. 

3. Training in defensive gas warfare will be limited for the present 
calendar year to demonstrations and to instruction to National Guard 
officers and selected enlisted men in the use of smoke, incendiary materials, 
and gas defense appliances. Only non-toxic gases will be used. 

4. Since in most instances complete schedule have already been prepared 
and approved for the training of the National Guard, noJ changes are 

f authorized except by authority of the Corps Area Commander and under 
the following conditions : — 

(a) Not to exceed two hours of the 15 day training period of any or- 
ganization will be devoted to gas warfare. 

(b) Wherever pracitable the training in defensive gas warfare and the 
demonstration will be held at such time as not to interfere with the 
schedules as at present prepared. 

(e) The instruction given and the demonstrations held to be, in all 
cases), under the direct supervision of an officer of Chemical Warfare 
Service detailed by Corps Area Commanders. 

5. The expense for smoke candles, incendiary materials and non-toxic 
gasses to carry into effect the foregoing provisions will be limited to $2,00 
per company or similar organization of the National Guard present at the 
camp and under instruction. Requisitions from Corps Area Chemical War- 
fare Officers based on the foregoing will be approved for supply by the 
Militia Bureau, the cost thereof to be charged against National Guard 
appropriations for the fiscial year, 1923. 

George C. Riekards, 
Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
Militia Bureau 
WASHINGTON 

June 21, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER 
No. 54 

Subject : Credit for attendance at a parade cannot be allowed as an 
armory drill. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of Hawaii and 

Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia Militia. 

Credit can not be allowed to members of organizations of the National 
Guard for participation in parades as such do not constitute the amount 
of instruction necessary in order to be classed as an outdoor exercise al- 
lowed to be credited as a drill under paragraph 928 (i) and (j). National 
Guard Regulation, 1922, 

Geo. C. Rickarrls. 
Major General, 
(Thief, Militia Bureau. 



(Bui. 7.) 



8 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
Militia Bureau 
WASHINGTON 

MB— 240.91 June 27, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER 
No. 55. 

Subject : Officers who resign for their own convenience. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of Hawaii and 

Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia Militia. 

The following extract from a decision of the Comptroller General dated 
June 6, 1922, on the question as to whether officers of the National Guard 
who resign for their own convenience are entitled to armory drill pay for 
the period immediately prior to resigning, is published for your information 
and guidance : "Provided all of the conditions for earning armory drill 
pay were fulfilled and the pay was earned, in the absence of a court 
martial sentence imposing a forfeiture, and the law not conditioning the 
payment of accrued pay on continuance in the service, there is no authority 
to withhold payment thereof." 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
Militia Bureau 
WASHINGTON 

M. — 341. July 5, 1922. 



CIRCULAR LETTER 
No. 56. 



Subject : Extracts from a report of an Instructor, National Guard. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of Hawaii and 

Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia National Guard, 

The following extracts from special report submitted by an Instructor, 
National Guard, to the Adjutant General of the State, contains many 
valuable suggestions for the building up of the National Guard. Many 
ideas expressed therein are practical ones which might be applied to the 
solution of recruiting difficulties in other States :• — ■ 

"It is thought the main causes preventing success of the National 
Guard are as follows : 

(a) The difficulty of securing permanently officers of efficiency; 
officers willing to devote the earnest effort and make the necessary 
sacrifices essential to the success of the guard. 

(b) Enlisted personnel : — Difficulty of keeping up interest ; 
practice of organizing units in towns too small to maintain per- 
sonnel reasonably near armories, thus necessitating resort to 
country or outlying membership who can attend drills only under 
great difficulties ; the pronounced failure in maintaining units in 
the very large cities with their many diverting influences and 



9 



(Bui. 7.) 



amusements ; the lack of community interest, especially in the 
larger cities ; the lack of comfortable and attractive armory hous- 
ing ; the opposition of a certain class of employers ; apathy and 
indifference generally concerning the Guard ; poor, spasmodic and 
unsatisfactory recruiting methods ; tendency to end company and 
organization efforts with perfunctory drill ; failure to institute 
current features of entertainment — amusement — and other attrac- 
tions in the organizations at the armories ; failure to make the 
organizations conspicuous, desirable and fixed community features ; 
failure to emphasize the importance of guard to the State and 
Nation and to "sell it" to the community ; unemployment ; constant 
change of residence ; reaction that follows war. 

"RECOMMENDATIONS— General : 

That organizations be established in communities that are free from 
the difficulties of the very large city and the very small town, as cited in 
(b) above. A careful investigation of recruits covering matters of permanent 
employment ; home and other "ties"' that bind them to the community ; and 
all matters that make for permanent residence. Recruiting agents to solicit 
co-operation of business men. in communities, in securing permanent em- 
ployment for desirable men. 

"RECOMMENDATIONS— Special : 

Concerning officers — (a) above. The State is now full of former service 
officers ; excellent material. There appears to be no systematic, well directed 
effort on the part of the authorities to secure the necessary number of this 
excellent personnel for officers. Their camp, administrative and war ex- 
perience generally make them an invaluable asset to the State. 

They can make the guard a success. It is suggested that the highest 
state military authorities "go after them," backed by the Governor, in the 
most direct personal way that he can ; appeal to their State pride ; convince 
them that they are needed, that they are his main reliance in building up 
and maintaining a successful guard ; get their names and addresses ; com- 
municate with them direct from the Adjutant General's Office in the name 
of the Governor; reach them through the civic boards and societies, through 
the American Legion. The Legion could solve the problem alone, if its 
serious co-operation could be secured. Secure the co-operation of every 
agency possible in the different communities ; call meetings in the communi- 
ties, through these agencies, of all young men eligible for the Guard ; have 
colonels of regiments, accompained by the U. S. A. officers, appear at the 
meetings. These officers should talk about and explain these matters, in- 
duce community interest*, and solicit membership. An important part of 
the mission of these officers should be to dispel apathy, indifference and to 
convert the civil population to the fact of the big, broad plane the guard 
now occupies and its national and state importance under the National 
Defense Act. They should explain that it is the serious duty of the State 
to provide its quota of troops provided in the Act; that it is the patriotic 
duty of all concerned in the welfare of the country to aid, practically aid, 
in providing the officers and men for this big and important movement. 
Give them an angle of view many have never had before. 

"Concerning Enlisted personnel, etc. (b) above. 

Q. — How to overcome the difficulties and obstacles preventing drills, as- 
semblies and instruction? A. — This can best be done by careful selection 
of dependable men as members — selecting membership living at or reason- 
ably close to home rendezvous or stations — men whose business and home 
ties make permanent residence at station reasonably certain — avoid enlist- 
ing married and traveling men, except in most desirable cases — make con- 
ditions at armory so attractive and interesting that men will want to come — 



(Bui. 7.) 



10 



keep every individual engaged in some task or mission connected with the 
general welfare and life of the company. 

Q. — What community agencies should be used in behalf of the company? 
A. — All civic, commercial, patriotic and other associations, societies and 
bodies ; the newspapers ; the heads of communities and their associate 
officials ; female societies, City Councilmen, Aldermen, Commissions, — Coun- 
ty commissions, professional and business men. 

Q. — How can they be used? A. — By inducing and securing their practical 
co-operation and aid in securing enlistments and making the company a 
matter of fixed community feature and local pride. Interest in the armory 
and its activities. 

These agencies to be approached by the Governor and his representatives 
in the most direct way of personal appeal ; by communications from him 
setting forth in the most emphatic manner the following : 

(1) The present condition of the guard and the causes for its lack of 
progress and success. 

(2) The necessity for the guard, — its value to the Government and the 
State, especially the State ; its need in aid of civil authority ; its need in 
time of flood and disaster ; the moral effect against community disorders ; 
its power in overcoming same when beyond control of civil authority : its 
invaluable services in time of violence, riot strikes and racial difficulties 
(cite all recent occurrences) ; the protection it affords to life and property ; 
the feeling of security it produces in the community when trouble is 'in the 
air' ; protection to women and children and the helpless ; asset to the busi- 
ness community ; prevention of heavy financial losses, through arson r vandal- 
ism and many other destructive agencies (this latter to be used especially 
in combating the unreasonable prejudices many employers have against 
employees joining the guard ; protection against possible dangerous acts of 
disaffected masses ; protection against the possible effect of powerful in- 
fluences on the disaffected alien and certain racial elements in the State in 
opposition to law and order ; the comfort of knowing that a well ordered and 
efficient guard, will, at all times enable the Governor to preserve within the 
borders of his State the blessings of peace, protection of life and property 
and a proper respect for the law and prove to the world the State's ability 
to do this without recourse to outside help, thus preventing the resort to 
siich recourse and the humiliating admission of the inability of the State 
to preserve law and order within its own boundaries through its own 
agencies. 

"The foregoing methods (recommended) to be brought before the com- 
munity agencies named, in the most serious, emphatic and| far-reaching 
manner and means that can be devised ; through propaganda backed by the 
Governor directly ; the societies, associations and agencies used and ap- 
proached to make all matter sent them by the Governor and his repre- 
sentatives the subjet of original, serious, emphatic and conspicuous effort, 
avoiding routine, perfunctory and sterotyped action, to be handled through 
special meetings, appeals, solicitations and for the purpose in hand alone. 
In other words these efforts should not be allowed to play 'second fiddle' at 
chamber of commerce, board of trade, and society stated meetings for 
routine business of otber paramount consideration and receive mere "cour- 
tesy', attention and notice, but should be the whole and only thing in full 
meeting considered. The newspapers and other publications used, to present 
the matter in such a manner as to force the notice and interest of the 
public. 

"The efforts and means described above should shortly be followed by a 
crusade of personal 'evangelism' for community education, interest and per- 
manent cooperation. The 'evangelists' to be carefully selected and composed 
of the best posted, most enthusiastic and interested officers of the highest 
rank and influence, possible to secure; these officers to be accompanied 
throughout their itineraries by the Federal Instructors, who will aid in 
every possible way; these officers to appear before the agencies before named 
at special meetings prearranged for and through t.ilks. pleas, appeals, special 
data and every possible moans arouse the interest of those assembled and 



11 



(Bui. 7.) 



secure their cooperation in getting the personnel and their assurance of 
permanent support in the maintenance of the organization and keeping 
'alive' community interest. 

"The agencies named should arrange the attendance at these special meet- 
ings of all eligible young men in the communities. Men of former ex- 
perience should be aroused and interested. Arrangements should be made, 
at meetings, to enlist all possible on the 'spot'. Get 'converts' during 
the 'revival'. A 'Livewire' permanent recruiting officer should be left 
in each community. Steps should be taken to secure permanently local 
support in the way of attractive armories, small financial aid, and no op- 
position on the part of .certain employers. 

"Since the World War hundreds of the finest 'soldier material' the 
world has ever seen located in the communities of this State. These men 
are in reach They are an asset of incalculable value. They can make 
the Guard a success. ARE THEY TO GO TO WASTE? Most of them 
have got the 'spirit' and 'feeling', once a soldier always a soldier, at least 
in sentiment. 

"Every time they hear the band or see a parade it is safe to say that 
they all have the same old 'tingling' up the back bone and desire to 'yell'. 

This in spite of so much natural 'Kid' talk about being 'fed up', etc. 
The trouble is, mainly, the lack of interest in the communities of that 
vast 'apathetic' crowd of citizens who only look at the matter of the guard 
in the abstract, if at all, and never realize, in spite of the sad lessons of 
the past, the need of a soldier until the other fellow begins to shoot or 
some calamity is iminent. They are then satisfied, or have to be, with the 
usual 'makeshift' their past indifference forces with the consequent terrific 
cost in life and treasure. If communities would only wake up and give 
these organizations the support and encouragement they deserve the rest 
would be easy. 

"The undersigned believes sufficient of these men can be gotten by com- 
munity interest of a permanent nature. If a few hundred are secured 
they will get and influence others. It depends, however, on community 
interest, pride and permanent cooperation and support. 

"The State authorities have never made an attempt, in any such 'whole- 
sale', systematic manner, to 'go after' communities and men for the guard 
as it is attempted to suggest and outline in this paper. 

"In the opinion of the undersigned some such plan as suggested in the 
foregoing is vital to the success of the guard in the State. Regiments and 
companies cannot exist without attending personnel. Paper organization 
is useless for practical purposes. Paper organizations will not be allowed 
to continue indefinitely : they have no 'form and substance'. The need for 
a strenuous 'upheaval' in reorganization and readjustment of the National 
Guard of the State must be patent to the authorities. 

Reports of instructors, whose duties keep them in touch with conditions, 
bear out these facts. 

"To carry out these recommendations means the devotion of a body of 
officers, for a few months, exclusively, to the matter of working out details 
and properly and intelligently putting into effect the means and methods 
recommended. It will cost money too. It is recommended that a full con- 
ference of State Staff. Field and Staff, other officers, together with the U. S. 
Army instructors, be held at the State Capitol at an early date, on this 
matter. 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



(Bui. 7.) 12 

7. The following memorandum of Colonel C. A. Martin, U. S. A., Senior 
Instructor, P. N. G., is published : 

OFFICE OF THE SENIOR INSTRUCTOR 
PENNSYLVANIA NATIONAL GUARD 

HARRISBURG 

6/30/22 

MEMORANDUM: To the Adjutant General, 

Pennsylvania National Guard, 
Harrisburg. 

1. The following indorsement is quoted with request that it be published 
for the information of all concerned ; 

2nd Ind. M. B. 311.15 Pennsylvania 

War Department, Militia Bureau, June 22, 1922— To the Officer in Charge 
of National Guard Affairs, Third Corps Area, Standard Oil Building, 
Baltimore, Maryland. 

Paragraph 1012, National Guard Regulations, 1922. is not interpreted to 
authorized the mailing of pay rolls in penalty envelopes by unit commanders 
to instructors for administrative check. In case, however, the instructor 
finds it necessary to return the rolls for additional data or for correction, 
he may inclose therewith a return address penalty envelope. 

For the Chief of Bureau 

(Signed) . . . J. A. Brockman, 
Executive. 

C. A. Martin, 
Colonel, Infantry, D. O. L. 



8. The following circular letter of Colonel C. A. Martin, U. S. A., Senior 
Instructor, P. N. G., is published for information of all concerned : 

OFFICE OF THE SENIOR INSTRUCTOR, 
PENNSYLVANIA NATIONAL GUARD. 

CAM/c 
Harrisburg, Pa. 
June 10, 1922 

CIRCULAR LETTER 
No. 14. 

1. The following assignment of payrolls for 
administrative examination is announced : 

Hq. 28th Division. 
Col C. A. Martin, Inf. DOL. Harrisburg, 28th Military Police Co. 
p a 1 HQ. Co. 55th Inf. Brig. 

I HQ. Co. & HQ. 56th Inf. Brig. 

C Med. Det. Special Div. Troops. 
Lieut. Col. W. N. Bispham, Med. Corps. Med. Det. 103rd Cav. 

Armory, 32nd & Lancaster Ave., Phila.J Med. Det. 111th Inf. 



Pa. 



Med. Det. 103rd Engr's. 
All units of the 103rd Med. 
Reg't. 



13 



(Bui. 7.) 



Lieut. Col. R. B. Ellis, Cav. DOL., 
Armory, 32nd & Lancaster Ave., Phila. 
Pa. 

Major R. F. Fowler, Engr's., 
Armorv. Broad & Callowhill Sts., Phila. 
Pa. 

Major R. H. Jacob, Inf. DOL. 
Care of Erie Board of Commerce, Erie 
Pa. 

Major P. D. Bunker, C. A. C. 
2510 Chew St., Allentown, Pa. 

Major H. C. Vanderveer, F. A. 
Armory, Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 



Major J. A. Pickering, F. A. 

Armory, Bd. & Diamond Sts. Phila. Pa. 



Major H. S. Clarkson, F. A. 

Hunt Armory, Enerson St.. Pittsburgh, Pa. 



Captain M. L. Miller, Inf. DOL. 
Armory, Scranton, Pa- 
Captain Otis Porter, Cav. DOL. 
Cotterel-Ebner Bldg., Harrisburg, Pa. 

Captain Russell T. George, Cav. DOL. 
Box 754, Bellefonte, Pa. 

Captain Robert W. King, Q. M. C. 
State Arsenal, Harrisburgh, Pa. 



{ 



All units of the 103rd Cavalry. 
& HQ. & HQ. Troop 52nd Cav. 
Brig. 

All units of the 103rd Engr's. 
Co. A 132nd Engr's. 



All units of the 112th Inf. in- 
cluding the Med. Det. 112th 
Inf. 

All units of the 213th Artillery 
including the Med. Det., 

Battery "D" 107th F. A. 
109th F. A. 
2nd Train 107th F. A. 
103rd Ammunition Train. 
53rd F. A. Brig. HQ. 

108th Field Artillerr. 
Battery "C" 107th F. A. 
Battery "A" 107th F. A. 

176th Field Artillery. 

All Pittsburgh Units of the 

107th F. A. including Med. 

Det. 

28th Signal, Co, 

All units of the 109th Inf. in- 
cluding Med. Det. 

All units of the 104th Cav. in- 
cluding the Med. Det. 

52nd Cav. M. G. Squadron. 



f All units of the 28th Division 
L Trains. Q. M. C. 



Sergeant 3SI. J. Donoghue, Inf. Sgt.-Instr. 
Armory, Broad & Wharton Sts., Phila. Pa. 



r All units of the 111th Inf. 
less: Cos: "B", "C", "I" & 
"K" and 3rd Bn. Head- 
quarters.) 
103rd Motorcycle Co. 
Miscl. Det. 28th Div. 
HQ. Co. Special Div. Troops. 



Sergeant Harry Kasowitz, Inf. Sgt.Tnsti 
Armory, Norristown, Pa. 



{ 



Sergeant Walter M. Oates, Inf. Sgt.-Instr. 
Box 234, Washington, Pa. 



Cos: "B", "C", "I", & "K", 
and 3rd Bn. Headquarters. 
111th Inf., 28th Tank Co. 

HQ. 110th Inf. & HQ. 55th 
Inf. Brig. 

1st Bn. Hq. Co. 110th Inf. 
3rd Bn. Hg. Co. 110th Inf. 
Cos: "H" & "K" 110th Inf. 
Howitzer & Service Co. 110th 
Inf, 



(Bui. 7.) 



14 



Sergeant Richard P. Murtha, Inf. Sgt.- r 1st Bn Hq. 110th Inf. 



Instr. 

903 Ninth Ave,, New Brighton, Pa. 



Sergeant Harry A. Frankhouser, Inf. Sgt.- 
Instr. 

407 Crawford Ave., Altoona, Pa. 



Cos: "A", "B", "D", "F", & 
"L". 

3rd Bn. Hq. & Med. Det. 110th 
Inf. 

2nd Bn. Hq. & Hq. Co. 110th 
Inf. 

Headquarters Co. 110th Inf. 
Co's. "C", "E", "G", "I", & 
"M", 

103rd Ord. Co. 

C. A. Martin, 
Colonel. Infantry, D. O. L. 



INSTRUCTIONS. 



Sergeant Instructors designated to check payrolls for 111th Infantry will 
take them when finished to Major Raymond F. Fowler, C. E., Armory, 
Broad and Wharton Sts., Philadelphia, Pa., for proper action. 

Sergeant Instructors designated to check payrolls for 110th Infantry, will 
transmit them when finished to Major R. H. Jacob, Infantry, DOL., Board 
of Commence, Erie, Pa., for proper action. 

Whenever and Instructor is relieved from or detailed with an infantry 
organization, instructions re checking of payrolls will be issued to him from 
this office. Senior Instructors of other arms should do likewise for their 
particular arm. 

Before sending a payroll to and Instructor for administrative signature 
Sergeant-Instructors will be carefull that it is free of mistakes and contains 
the required data for payment thereon. 

C. A. Martin, 
Colonel, Infantry, D. O. L. 

Senior Instructor. 



By order of WILLIAM C. SPROUL. 

Governor and Commander-in-Chief. 



F. D. Beary, 
The Adjutant General. 



Official : 



Adjutant. 



[Bui." 8.1 



COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, < 
THE ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S OFFICE. 

Harrisburg, Pa., August 17, 1922. 

Bulletin 

No. 8. 

1. The following copy of indorsement of the Militia Bureau 
relative to drill pay of a Service Troop, is published for the in- 
formation of all concerned : 

5th Ind. 

W. D., Militia Bureau, July 12, 1922— To the Chief of Finance. 

1. Under the modified tables of organization governing Na- 
tional Guard Units, the minimum enlisted strength at which a 
Service Troop may receive Federal recognition is 50 men. Of this 
number, the modified tables prescribe a band section as follows: — 

1 Staff Sergeant (Assistant band leader) 

2 Band Sergeants 

3 Band Sergeants 
11 Musicians 

Total 17 

2. The Service Troop, exclusive of the band, will therefore 
have to enroll an enlisted strength of 50 less 17 men, or 33 en- 
listed men before the organization can sesure Federal recognition. 

3. Sixty percent of this number (33) that is, 20 men, must be 
present at drill for the officers of the troop to qualify for armory 
drill pay, provided that they do not elect to compute their attend- 
ance on the unit as a whole, including the band. This if the' 
officers elected to do so, the Militia Bureau understands that they 
could consider the Service Troop as any other unit is considered 
in computing drill attendance. That would mean that if the band 
was present at the drill and was counted in as a part of the 
troop, the officers would qualify for pay, if 60% of the actual 
strength of the troop, including the band was present, the mini- 
mum in this case being 60% of fifty men. 

4. If the band be not counted, the 60% should be applied, as 
above indicated, to the minimum strength of the troop exclusive 
of the band, or 33 enlisted men. 

5. The Militia Bureau understands from a reading of the 
Comptroller's decision that is not necessary that the band be not 
counted, but that the drill attendance may be figured with or 
without the band as desired by the organization commander con- 
cerned. In the one case, however, thirty enlisted men would have 
to be present for drill to enable the officers to qualify for pay, 
and in the other, twenty enlisted men would have to be present. 

6. The commanding officer of the Service Troop. 103rd Cavalry, 
P. N. G., indicates in Paragraph 5 of his letter of April 15, 1922, 
that he desires to count the band in on the troop's drill attendance 
record, treating the entire troop as a complete unit. The Militia 
Bureau understands that there is no objection to this practice. 

For the Chief of Bureau : 

LOUIS C. WILSON, 
Incls. No change. Assistant. 

Copy furnished The Adjutant-General, Penna. National Guard,, 
Harrisburg, Pa., for his information. 

S. B. McINTYRE, 
Finance Officer. 



(Bui. 8.) 2 

2. The following communication amending tables of Medical 
equipment is published for the information of all concerned : 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 

MILITIA BUREAU, 

Washington. 

July 15, 1922. 

Subject: Tables of Medical Equipment. National Guard. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

The second paragraph of "Notes" in the Equipment Tables, 
National Guard, Medical Department, June 22, 1922, should be 
amended by adding after the reference to one regimental dispen- 
sary, " one battalion dispensary equipment, as listed in Note 22, 
Circular No. 169, War Department, 1921". 
By direction of the Secretary of War: 

GEORGE C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



3. The following communication of the Militia Bureau as to 
use of forms Nos. 660 and 660a is published for information of 
all concerned : 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 



July 15, 1922. 



Subject : Forms Nos. 660 and 660a, A. G. O. 



To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

1. A supply of Forms Nos. 660 and 660a, A. G. O., has been 
mailed to the Adjutants General of all States for use in comply- 
ing with A. R. 345-100, Military Records — The Diary. 

2. Reports will be rendered on these forms by all organizations 
of the National Guard while engaged in the fifteen-day field train- 
ing period and also during any other period when in Federal or 
State service under full pay. 

3. These reports will be disposed of as prescribed in Par. 6, 
A. R. 345-100 except the "Chief of the Militia Bureau" will be 
submitted for "The Adjutant General of the Army". 

By direction of the Secretary of War: 

GEORGE C. RICKARDS, 
Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



3 



(Bul.8.) 



(Note :— The quantity of blank forms Nos. 660 and 660a, A. G. O., 
furnished by the Militia Bureau was so limited that they could 
only be used by organizations now on active duty in the Western 
part of Pennsylvania. No supply of forms being on hand, the 
requirements of Paragraph 2 could not be followed by organiza- 
tions in the fifteen-day training period. — Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



4. The following communication from Headquarters Third 
Corps Area, with accompanying enclosures, is published for the 
information of those who may be interested in examination for 
commission as Second Lieutenant in the Regular Army : 

HEADQUARTERS THIRD CORPS AREA, 

Office of the Corps Area Commander, 

Baltimore, Maryland. 

July 24, 1922. 

Subject : Examinations for Commission in Regular Army. 

To : The Adjutant General, State of Pennsylvania, Harris- 

burg, Pa. 

1. Addressed to you under separate cover is a supply of Mem- 
oranda of Information regarding the Examination for Commission 
as Second Lieutenant in the Regular Army which has been ordered 
held on September 4, 1922, by Circular 148, W. D. 1922. 

2. It is requested that this matter be given the widest possible 
publicity in the organizations of the National Guard of your 
State in order that all persons identified therewith may have an 
opportunity to take the examination. 



For the Corps Area Commander : 

PRANK S. COCHEU, 

Chief of Staff, 

1 inch 

(Cir. 148, W. D., 1922) 



(Note: — Memorandum of information above referred to was for- 
warded to each organization of the Pa. N. G. — Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
Washington. 

July 11, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 148. 

APPOINTMENT OF OFFICERS IN THE REGULAR ARMY. 

1. A final examination for appointment of second lieutenants 
in the Regular Army, under the provisions of AR 605-5, will be 
held throughout the United States and in the Philippine Depart- 
ment, Hawaiian Department, Panama Canal Department, and 



(Bui. 8.) 



4 



with the American Forces in Germany, beginning September 4. 
1922. 

2. This examination will be open to all classes of eligibles. 
There will be vacancies in all branches covered by AR 605-5, 
except the Judge Advocate General's Department. 

3. Information relative to the scope and details of examina- 
tion is contained in AR 605-5. and may be obtained at any mili- 
tary post or station. Applications may be submitted at any mili- 
tary post or station or at the Headquarters of the department 
or corps area in which the candidate resides. 

(A. G. 210.1) 

By order of the Secretary of War : 



JOHN J. PERSHING, 
General of the Armies, 

Chief of Staff. 

Official : 

ROBERT C. DAVIS, 

Acting The Adjutant General. 

Remimeographed Hq. Third Corps Area, July 20, 1922. 
sfa-proof-sfa 



MEMORANDUM OF INFORMATION CONCERNING AP- 
POINTMENTS OF SECOND LIEUTENANTS IN THE 



REGULAR ARMY. 

July 11, 1922. 

1. A final examination for appointment of second lieutenants 
in the Regular Army under the provisions of Army Regulations 
605-05, will be held the week beginning September 4, 1922. This 
examination will be open to all classes of eligibles for appoint- 
ment as hereinafter set forth. Appointments will be tendered 
successful candidates as soon as practicable after December 31. 
1922, and such appointments will be made in each of the follow- 
ing branches : 

■ Infantry Corps of Engineers Chemical Warfare 

Cavalry Air Service Service 

Field Artillery Signal Corps Ordnance Department 

Coast Artillery Quartermaster Corps Finance Department 

Philippine Scouts 

2. Each applicant for appointment should submit his applica- 
tion to the Commanding General of the Corps Area in which he 
lives or at the military post or station nearest his place of resi- 
dence. The application may be submitted on the prescribed form 
(No. 88 AGO), which can be obtained from The Adjutant Gen- 
eral of the Army or from Corps Area Commanders addressed as 
follows : 

Commanding General, First Corps Area, Army Base, Boston 
9, Mass. 

Commanding General, Second Corps Area, Governors Island, 
N. Y. 

Commanding General, Third Corps Area, Standard Oil Bldg., 
Baltimore, Md. 

Commanding General, Fourth Corps Area, Ft. McPherson, Ga. 
Commanding General, Fifth Corps Area, Columbus Barracks, 
Ohio. 



5 



(Bul.S.) 



Commanding General, .Sixth Corps Area, 1819 W. Pershing Rd., 
Chicago, 111. 

Commanding General, Seventh Corps Area, Army Bldg., Omaha, 
Nebr. 

Commanding General, Eighth Corps Area, Ft. Sam Houston, 
Texas. 

Commanding General, Ninth Corps Area„ Presidio of San Fran- 
cisco, Calif. 

Commanding General. District of Washington, Munitions Bldg., 
Washington, D. C. 

3. To be informed of the full detail concerning examinations 
and appointment, it is ncessary that candidates consult the regu- 
lations which have been sent to all military posts and stations. 
The prospective candidate's attention, however, is directed to the 
following important points. 

(a) Eligibility for appointment is fixed by law and request;; 
for exceptions cannot, therefore, receive consideration by 
the War Department. The age at the time of appointment 
must be between 21 and 30 years, and a candidate must be 
a citizen of the United States. At the time of the final 
examination each candidate must be in one of the fallow- 
ing classes : 

(b) A warrant officer or enlisted man of the Regular Army 
having had not less than two years' service as such. 

'■'(c) A Reserve Officer or a member of the Enlisted Reserve 
Corps. 

*(cl) An officer, warrant officer, or enlisted man of the National 
Guard. 

(e) A graduate of a technical institution approved by the Sec- 
retary of War. 

(f) To be eligible for appointment in the Philippine Scouts, 
candidates must be male citizens of the Philippine Islands. 
The requirements as to age and examinations are the same 
as required for other branches of the Regular Army. 

(Memo, of "Information) 

4. . Preliminary examinations are conducted under supervision 
of corps area commanders. This examination consists of an in- 
quiry into the physical, moral and mental qualifications of an 
applicant to determine whether or not he has the requisite quali- 
fications to justify his proceeding with the final examination. Such 
a preliminary examination will avoid inconveniences and unneces- 
sary expenses to both the applicant and the government in many 
cases. 

5. The final examination is the same for all candidates. The 
scope of the metal examination is such as to insure the Army 
securing men of the requisite educational foundation satisfactorily 
to follow a career as an Army officer. The elementary part of 
th's examination embraces the subjects of history, grammar, geog- 
raphy, arithmetic, algebra, geometry, trigonometry and physics. 
The advanced part of the examination consists of a large number 
of subjects including mathematics, advanced mechanics, survey- 
ing, languages, literature, electricity, chemistry, law and minor 
tactics. Examination is required in but three of the subjects of 
the advanced group to be selected by the candidate. 

(I. Candidates for appointment in the Air Service, Engineers. 
Signal Corps and Ordnance Department are required to satisfy 
certain technical requirements, either by examination or by hav- 
ing graduated from technical schools. 

* Any civilian of the required age who passes the preliminary 
examination may become eligible to take the final examin- 
ation by entering either Class (c) or (d) above. 



(Bui. 8.) 



6 



7. Tho regulations provide liberal exemptions from examina- 
tions in various subjects according to the education, training and 
experience that the candidate has had. The granting of exemp- 
tions has been placed entirely in the hands of the examining boards 
and requests for exemption cannot, therefore, be considered by the 
War Department. 

8. Each candidate is permitted to express his first and second 
choice of the branch of the service in which he desires to be ap- 
pointed. In making appointments, however, while the preferences 
of candidates will be given due consideration the War Department 
reserves the right to assign them to such branches of the service as 
may be necessary 

9. Should a number of candidates, in excess of those for which 
the examination is held, receive a passing mark on examination, 
those making the lowest mark will not be selected for appointment 
nor will they be placed on an eligible list for future appointment, 
as the experience of the War Department has been that such eli- 
gible lists are unsatisfactory both to the Government and to the 
individual. 

ROBERT C. DAVIS 
The A. G. O. Acting The Adjutant General 

Reproduced : — ■ 

Hq. 3d. Corps Area, Baltimore. Md. 

July 19, 1922. 
sb/ — proof — ael 



Bulletin I 
No. 22. ) 

HEADQUARTERS THIRD CORPS AREA, 

Baltimore, Maryland, 
August 8, 1922. 

Examination for appointment in the regular army. 

In connection with the final examination for appointment of 
second lieutenants in the Regular Army, announced by the War <; 
Department for the week beginning September 4, 1922, the follow- 
ing telegram from The Adjutant General of the Army, dated 
August 5, 1922, is quoted for the information and guidance of all 
concerned : 

"Date of examination appointment second lieutenants Regular 
Army changed to October twenty-three/' 

By command of Major General BAILEY : 

(210.1/17824). 

FRANK S. COCHEU. 
Chief of Staff. 

Official : 

R. C. LANGDON, 
Adjutant. 



7 



(Bul.8.) 



5. The following communication of the Militia Bureau relative 
to accomplishment of requisitions is published for the information 
of all Commanding Officers : 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 

MILITIA BUREAU, 

Washington. 

August 4, 1922. 

Subject : Accomplishment of requisitions by Corps Area Com- 
manders. 

To : The Adjutants General, United States Property and 

Disbursing Officers of all States, Territories of Hawaii 
and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia, the 
Officers in Charge of National Guard Affairs of all 
Corps Areas. 

1. Reference is made to mimeograph letter of this office dated 
May 11, 1922, on the above subject which contained a proposed 
draft of changes in paragraphs 821, 822. and 827 of the National 
Guard Regulations 1922. The draft as outlined in the letter 
referred to is hereby rescinded and the following is substituted 
therefor — 

"821. Requisitions for supplies (other than for blank 
forms and publications) to be issued to the National 
Guard under the provisions of sections 67 and 83 of the 
National Defence Act will be approved by the several De- 
partment or Corps Area Commanders, and the requisitions 
will be routed accordingly. Requisitions for blank forms 
and publications will continue to be forwarded to the Mil- 
itia Bureau. 

"822. Requisitions for initial equipment to be issued 
to an organization of the National Guard will be prepared 
by the State in sextuplicate and routed as follows : 

Original and 3 copies forwarded to Department or 
Corps Area Commander. 

One copy forwarded to the Chief, Militia Bureau. 
One copy retained by the State. 

The four copies received by the Department or Corps Area Com- 
mander will, when necessary, be amended to make them conform 
to the allowances authorized for the organization for which the 
t supplies are intended. Upon receipt of information from the 

Militia Bureau that the organization has been recognized, and 
provided that funds to cover the requisition have been allotted 
and are available, the Department or Corps Area Commander 
will take necessary steps to have the articles requisitioned for 
furnished, with the least practicable delay, and the copies of the 
requisition routed in accordance with existing instructions. 

"827. When a State requires replenishment of equip- 
ment, requisition will be prepared in quintuplicate, the 
original and three copies of which will be forwarded by 
the State to the Department or Corps Area Commander 
and one copy retained by the State. Upon receipt of his 
copies, and provided that fruds to cover the requisition 
have been allotted and are available, the Department or 
Corps Area Commander will take necessary steps to have 
the articles requisitioned for furnished, with the least 
practicable delay and the copies of the requisition routed 
in accordance with existing instructions." 



(Bui. 8.) 



8 



2. The States will take particular care on and after receipt 
of this letter to prepare a sufficient number of copies of requisi- 
tions and route them accordance with the instructions contained 
in the above paragraphs. 

GEORGE C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 

(NOTE: — Circular letter is now being published and issued by 
Colonel Hamilton D. Turner. U. S. P. & D. Officer, relating to 
this subject. Attention of all organization commanders is invited 
to this circular. — Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



6. The following circular letters of the Militia Bureau are 
published for the information and guidance of all concerned : 

WAR DEPARTMENT 

MILITIA BUREAU 

Washington. 

July 14, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 57. 

Subject: Serial numbers of small arms in the possession of the 
National Guard. 

To : The Adjutants General, United States Property and 

Disbursing Officers of all States, Territories of Ha- 
waii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia, 
and the Officers in charge of National Guard affairs 
of all Corps Areas. 

1. In compliance with Section 4, General Orders 16, War De- 
partment 1922, on and after July 1, 1922, reports of survey cov- 
ering U. S. rifles, caliber 30, Models 1903 and 1917; Colt auto- 
matic pistols, caliber 45, Model 1911 ; Colt revolvers, caliber 45, 
Model 1917 ; Smith and Wesson revolvers, caliber 45, Model 1917 ; 
Browning automatic rifles, caliber 30, Model 1918, and shotguns 
of all types, should show on the face of the report the serial num- 
bers of such small arms listed thereon. This information is re- 
quired by the Chief of Ordnance and when reports of survey cov- 
ering small arms are received in this office without the serial num- 
bers of such small arms being given, it will be necessary to return 
the reports for the desired information. It is therefore request- 
ed that special attention be given this matter with a view to ob- 
viating unnecessary correspondence. 

2. Reports will be made semi-annually, March 1 and Sep- 
tember 1, to Department and Corps Area Ordnance Officers of 
all the small arms listed above in the possession of the National 
Guard of the State giving serial number on each small arms. 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General, 

Chief Militia Bureau. 



9 



(Bul.8.) 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

July 15, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 58. 

Subject : Changes in National Guard Regulations, 1922. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

The Secretary of War directs that the following changes in 
National Guard Regulations, 1922, be published for the inform- 
ation and guidance of all concerned : — 

Paragraphs 159, 208, 212(b), 217, 218, 219 and 260 will be 
eliminated from National Guard Regulations ; and paragraphs 
157(d), 1(50. 165, 207, 209, 211, 212(a), 213, 215, 216, 221, 253, 
and 290 will be changed to read as follows : 

157. (d) An inspection by a Regular Army Officer is re- 
guired prior to Federal Recognition. When a State is ready 
to have an organization that has been authorized by the War 
Department inspected, report will be made to the corps area com- 
mander, and the corps area commander will cause the inspection 
to be made. The inspector will verify the members from the 
enlistment papers (Form 22-1, A. G. O.), and see that all the men 
presented have been properly examined physically. (Form 135-1, 
A. G. O.), properly enlisted, and that their general appearance is 
satisfactory. He will verify in the case of each officer whether he 
has been duly appointed and the date he has taken and subccribed 
to the oath of office, or date of Federal recognition if such has been 
extended. He will make such inquiry and examination of the 
officers as will enable him to report upon their qualifications 
and suitability for the grade in which they have been commission- 
ed, and will report his conclusions on each officer under head of 
"Remarks" on Form 113, M. B. He will base his recommen- 
dation as to recognition upon compliance by the organization 
with the conditions set forth above. Should the result of his 
inspection justify Federal recognition, the inspector will, upon 
its conclusion, administer the dual oath, unless there is conclusive 
proof that the enlistment oath has been administered by a 
National Guard officer who has been extended Federal recognition 
by the Secretary of War, or by a State military officer who has 
not yet received Federal recognition but who, under the statutes 
of the particular State, is authorized to administer oaths. Upon 
completion of the inspection the inspecting officer will mail his 
report (Form 113, M. B.), with a complete roster of the company 
(Form 104, M. B.) and his recommendations, to the corps area 
commander for transmission to the Militia Bureau. 

On Form 113, M. B., under the heading "Remarks", information 
concerning the administration of the dual oath should be set forth 
i fully. The name or names of the National Guard officer or 
officers administering the oaths will be stated. 

160. The most common errors noted at Federal inspections 
for recognition are the following: (a) presentation of a company 
not properly organized, sometimes lacking required officers, non- 
commissioned officers, etc. ; (b) naming of officers not qualified 
by law ( 74. National Defense Act) ; (c) the enlistment 

of boys under 18 years of age; (d) the enlistment of men over 
45 (except re-enlistment) ; (e) lack of record of physical qualifi- 
cation of personnel. 



(Bui. 8.) 



10 



165. There is. however, no objection to any officer, who can- 
not be recognized immediately, making application for Federal 
recognition at any time, with the understanding that formal 
recognition will be deferred until his corresponding unit has 
qualified and has been accepted. 

207. No person hereafter commissioned as an officer of the 
National Guard shall be Federally recognized as such unless he 
first shall have successfully passed the tests as to his physical, 
moral and professional fitness which the President shall prescribe. 
The examination to determine such qualifications for commission 
shall be conducted by a Board of three commissioned officers 
appointed by the Secretary of War from the Regular Army or 
the National Guard, or both. 

209. Persons hereafter commissioned as officers in the Nation- 
al Guard, shall not be recognized as such under any of the pro- 
visions of the National Defense Act unless they shall have been 
selected from the following classes and shall have taken and 
subscribed to the oath of office prescribed in the National Defense 
Act : Officers or enlisted men of the National Guard, officers, 
active or retired, reserve officers, and former officers of the United 
States Army, Navy or Marine Corps ; enlisted men and former 
enlisted men of the Army. Navy, or Marine Corps who have 
received an honorable discharge therefrom ; graduates of the United 
States Military and Naval Academies, and graduates of schools, 
colleges, universities, and officers' training camps, where they 
have received military instruction under the supervision of officers 
of the Regular Army who certified their fitness for appointment as 
commissioned officers ; and for the technical branches or staff 
corps and departments such other civilians as may be specially 
qualified for duty therein. 

211. A board of three general officers, consisting of general 
officers of the Regular Army or the National Guard, or both, 
will be appointed by the Secretary of War for the purpose of 
conducting the examination prescribed in Section 75 of the Nation- 
al Defense Act and making recommendations relative to the 
Federal recognition of general officers of the National Guard, 
except in the case of a State Adjutant General, who is an applicant 
for Federal recognition as a Brigadier General, Adjutant Gen- 
eral's Department, State Staff Corps and Departments, National 
Guard, who will be examined in accordance with the provisions 
of paragraph 213 of these Regulations. 

212. (a) Prior to the Federal recognition of a general officer 
of the National Guard, the record of his qualifications for the 
commission with the recommendation of the corps area commander 
thereon, will be transmitted to the Chief, Militia Bureau, who 
will forward the complete record to the board of general officers, 
together with his recommendation thereon. 

213. When a vacancy occurs in any commissioned grade of 
the National Guard, except when in Federal service under draft, 
the appointing authority of the State where such a vacancy exists 
will appoint an eligible person to fill the vacant grade. Appli- 
cation for Federal recognition of officers so appointed, will be 
made in prescribed form by the Adjutant General of the State 
direct to the Militia Bureau, accompanied by the following papers : 

Oath of office on Form 337-1, A. G. O. 

Copy of letter or order of appointment or promotion. 

Copy of letter or order of assignment to an existing vacancy. 

Sufficient information to show how vacancy was created. 

Personal history on Form 108, M. B.., unless this record 
on revised form (edition Jan. 16th, 1922) has been previously 
transmitted to the Mlitia Bureau. 

Physical examination on Form 95, M. Bl, unless (a) record 
of such examination made within six months from date of 
application is filed in the Militia Bureau, or (b) is being pre- 



1 1 



(Bui. 8.) 



pared for transmission with the record of the examining Broad 
in the case. 

Examination required by Section 75, National Defense Act, may 
be conducted at any time. A candidate for Federal recognition 
may be ordered by the Adjutant General of the State to appear 
for examination either before or after date of appointment. The 
examination will be coiulucted by a board appointed by the corps 
area commander in cooperation with the State authorities. (For 
boards for the examination of general officers, see par. 211.) 
Except for the examination of officers of the Medical Corps, and 
examinating board will consist of three officers — one from the 
Medical Corps, selected without regard to rank, and two, chosen 
when practicable, form the corps department, or arm to which the 
officer being examined belongs, at least one of whom should, if 
practicable, be an officer of the Regular Army. In the examin- 
ation of chaplains, one member of the board will, when prac- 
ticable, be a chaplain. 

215. A reasonable period of time may be granted to enable 
a person appointed or promoted as an officer to prepare himself 
for the examination, but any service prior to Federal recognition 
does not entitle the officer to Federal pay. 

216. When the proceedings of an examining board have been 
approved by Secretary of War, the governor of the State con- 
cerned will be informed as to whether the candidate has passed 
the examination successfully and as to the grade and branch for 
Which qualified. Successful completion of this examination will 
qualify the candidate for Federal recognition at any time -within 
two years from the date of the completion of the examination, 
subject to proper compliance with the provisions of paragraph 213. 
National Guard Regulations, 1922. Except in case of Federal 
recognized officers, transferred individually or as a part of an 
organization; from one branch of the service to another for the 
convenience of the Government, persons who have been found 
qualified for one grade and branch will not be entitled to the 
benefits of the National Defense Act in any other grade or branch 
unless examined and found qualified therefor. 

221. No candidate will be ordered before an examining Board, 
who is not an applicant for a position included in the definite 
allotment to the State: who is not a citizen of the United States 
or has not declared his intention to become such ; who has any 
mental infirmity ; whose moral fitness has not been clearly estab- 
lished ; who is less than 21 years of age or more than 62 ; or who, 
being designated for commission, other than by promotion, as 
second lieutenant, shall be more than 1 32 ; as first lieutenant, more 
than 36 ; as captain, more than 40 ; as major, more than 45 ; as 
lieutenant colonel, more than 50 ; as colonel, more than 55,or as 
a general officer more than 62 years old. 

Candidates designated for commission, other than by promotion, 
in the Air Service shall be, as second lieutenant not more than 29 ; 
as first lieutenant not more than 32, as captain not more than 
37 ; as major not more than 42 ; as lieutenant colonel not more 
than 43, and as colonel not more than 47. 

253. When it becomes necessary to determine the qualifications 
of an officer for original appointment or for promotion, each of 
the following named officers will submit a confidential report to 
the president of the examining board : 

(a) Immediate commanding officer. 

(b) Superior commanders in the tactical chain of command 
who can give positive information. 

(c) Officers of the Regular Army on duty with the organ- 
ization to which the officer is assigned or is to be assigned. 
This confidential report will be based on observation^ or on 

demonstrated fitness, or both, and will include; (1) A succinct 
statement of the officer's qualifications in the grade and branch 



(Bui. 8.) 



12 



for which he is about to be examined, and (2) a statement show- 
ing in which subject of those prescribed, as applicable to the can- 
didate, he is considered qualified without further examination. 

From these reports, which will become a part of the record, 
and from other information obtainable, the board will determine 
in which of the professional subjects, if any, the candidate is 
considered proficient without further examination, and will notify 
the candidate, in advance of his appearing before the board, on 
what subjects, if any, he is to be examined. 

If the decision of the board is that the professional examina- 
tion should not be held, the officer concerned will bo notified to 
present himself to the nearest available medical officer for a 
physical examination. The report of the medical officer will be 
forwarded by him direct to the president of the examining board. 

If the decision of the board is that the candidate should be 
professionally examined, the board will proceed with the examina- 
tion as prescribed in this article. 

290. For the examination of candidates to be officers of the 
Medical Department (including dental surgeons, veterinarians and 
assistant veterinarians, and officers of the Medical Administrative 
Corps), boards will be appointed as provided in paragraph 213 
of these Regulations and will be constituted as follows : 

For the examination of candidates to be officers in the Medical 
Corps, to consist of three officers of the Medical Corps. 

For the examination of candidates to be officers in the Dental 
Corps, to consist of two officers of the Dental Corps and one 
officer of the Medical Corps : if this is not practicable, then to 
consist of two officers of the Medical Corps and one of the Dental 
Corps. 

For the examination of candidates to be officers of the Veter- 
inary Corps, to consist of two officers of the Veterinary Corps and 
one officer of the Medical Corps ; if this is not practicable, then 
to consist of two officers of the Medical Corps and one officer of 
the Veterinary Corps. 

For the examinateion of candidates to be officers in the Medical 
Administrative Corps, to consist of three officers of the Medical 
Corps ; if this is not practicable, then to consist of two officers of 
the Medical Corps and one officer of the Medical Administrative 
Corps. 

GEORGE C. RICKARDS. 
Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

July 17. 1&22. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 59. 

Subject: Land grant deductions in connection with traiasporta 
tion of troops of the National Guard. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories and 

the District of Columbia Militia. 

t 

1. The following information, as contained in a decision of 
the Comptroller General, dated May 11, 1922 (D. M. No. 58), 



(Bul.S.) 



is disseminated for the use o fall concerned, and it is requested 
that the same be strictly followed. 

2. Memebers of the National Guard, as authorized by the Act 
of June 4, 1920 (41 Stat., No. 759) are troops of the United 
States within the meaning of the Land Grant Acts and subject 
td the provisions of said Acts relating to the transportation of 
troops and property of the United States, since the Act cited 
provides that the Army of the United States shall consist of the 
Regular Army, National Guard while in the service of the 
United States, the organized Reserves, including the Officers' 
Reserve Corps and the Enlisted Reserve Corps. Section 38 of 
the Act cited provides the oath to which members of the National 
Guard must subscribe, and in accordance with this oath of enlist- 
ment the men of the National Guard are enlisted as troops of the 
United States, subject to call. 

3. Attention is also invited to decision of the Supreme Court 
of the United States in the case of the Louisville and Nashville 
Railroad Company vs. the United States, dated April 10, 1922, 
which states in part : 

"The military force of the United States is, and always 
has been, a unit, although divided for purposes of administra- 
tion into several branches ; and there is nothing in the Land 
Grant Acts to indicate an intention on the part of Congress 
to differentiate between the several branches in respect to 
transportation charges. We are of opinion that the term 
'troops' is not confined to land forces but that it includes 
men and officers in every branch." 
Under this decision of the Supreme Court, the term "troops" 
within the meaning of the Land Grant Acts, includes the entire 
military force of the United States without regard to the branch 
of the serivce with which connected or the particular duty in 
which engaged. The National Guard, composed of men enlisted 
in accordance with Section 38 of the Act of June 4, 1920, supra, 
is a part of the military forces of the United States and must be 
considered so when payment is involved of any moneys of the 
United States relative to them. 

4. The charges for the transportation of the members of the 
National Guard, as required by the United States, and payable 
from an appropriation of Government funds, are subject to the 
deductions authorized by the Land Grant Acts, on account of 
transportation of troops of the United States. 

5. In view of this decision of the Comptroller General and the 
ruling of the Supreme Court on the above subject, it is vitally 
important that all members of the National Guard traveling to 
and from a regular authorized encampment, four day school, 
maneuver, or any other exercise prescribed by the Secretary, of 
War, travel on transportation request in order that the Govern- 
ment may secure thereby the benefit of the land grant reduction 
authorized by law. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief. Militia Bureau. 



(Bui. 8.) 



14 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington, 
CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 60. 

July 18, 1922. 

Subject: Disposal of unexploded shells. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

1. There has recently been a very regrettable occurence where 
eight children were killed by the explosion of a dud which had 
been picked up after target practice. • 

2, In order to prevent any further occurrences of this kind, 
National Guard troops must do their part and before leaving 
an encampment where high explosive shells or shrapnel have been 
tired, make a through search for duds and all those that are 
found will be destroyed by exploding them or by burying them 
at least four feet deep. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

GEO. C. RICKARDS. 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington, 

July 21, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 61. 

Subject : Property dropped under statements of charges without 
survey proceedings. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States. Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
Militia, and the Finance Officers of all Corps Areas. 

1. In accordance with a recent decision of the Comptroller 
General, and effective with the receipt of this communication, 
property which has become lost or destroyed by an officer or en- 
listed man of the National Guard may be dropped from the pro- 
perty records under a statement of charges, provided that at 
the time the charge is certified there are sufficient funds due the 
officer or enlisted man against whom the charge is made to 
cover payment for the articles charged for, and provided further 
that each copy of the statement of charges is accompanied by a 
statement, signed by the officers or enlisted men against whom 
the charges are made, to the effect that the justness of the charges 
in each case is acknowledged and report of survey waived, and 



15 



(BuI.S.) 



bears a notation, signed by the collecting officer, showing the 
several amounts collected. 

2. An orginal and five copies of the statement of charges 
should be prepared and rounted as follows : 

1 copy retained by organization commander. 
Original and four copies forwarded to Property and Dis- 
bursing Officer. 

Of the five received by the Property and Disbursing Officer, 
one copy will be retained, one copy forwarded to the Militia 
Bureau, and the original and two copies forwarded to the Corps 
Area Finance Officer. 

3. The Corps Area Finance Officer will draw a check in favor of 
the Treasurer of the United States for the amount collected, and 
forward the check to that official for deposit in the Treasury 
of the United States as a credit to the State"s allotment under 
the appropriation "Arming, Equipping and Training the National 
Guard, 19" (fiscal year in which the deposit is made). The 
original copy of the statement of charges, bearing notation over 
the signature of the collecting officer of the several amounts 
collected thereon, will be returned to the United States Property 
and Disbursing Officer, who will make necessary notation on his 
retained copy and forwarded the original to the organization 
commander to be used as a voucher for dropping the property. 
One copy of the statement of charges bearing notation over the 
signature of the collecting officer of the several amounts collected 
thereon, together 'with a copy of the letter forwarding the de- 
posit to the Treasurer of the United States, which should contain 
a request that the Militia Bureau be furnished with a copy of the 
certificate of deposit, will be forwarded to the Chief, Militia 
Bureau. 

4. In case all the collections listed on the statement of charges 
are not made by the Corps Area Finance Officer, a statement 
giving the reasons for not making such collections will accompany 
the respective copies of the statement of charges forwarded to 
the chief, Militia Bureau and the Property and Disbursing 
Officer. 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 
Major General, Chie.f Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington, 
CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 62. 

July 25, 1922. 
Subject : Changes in National Guard Regulations, 1922. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States. Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Col- 
umbia National Guard. 

The Secretary of War directs 1 that the following changes in 
National Guard Regulations, 1922, be published for the informa- 
tion and guidance of all concerned :- 



( Bui. 8.) 



16 



"I64. Field officers and corresponding staff officers will 
not be recognized as such until all the component parts of 
the commands to which they pertain are inspected and 
accepted : Provided, That organizations consisting of a regi- 
ment or less, allotted to two or more States, are authorized 
to have the corresponding field and staff officers in the 
particular State in which the headquarters are located. Upon 
the organization of one battalion in a two-battalion regiment, 
or two battalions in a three-battalion regiment, they may 
have a lieutenant colonel, if prescribed, and such auxiliary 
units as may be authorized by the War Department ; State 
staff officers will be recognized as needed, provided at least 
one National Guard unit has been recognized in the State : 
Provided further, That, in regiments of Infantry, TTield 
Artillery and Cavalry, the major commanding a battalion or 
squadron may be recognized when Federal recognition has 
been extended to all lettered organizations of the battalion, 
or squadron, and the colonel and regimental staff officers may 
be recognized when Federal recognition has been extended to 
the regimental headquarters company, service company, 
howitzer company, and all lettered organizations of the 
regiment, with the understanding that the Secretary of War, 
at his discretion, may withdraw such recognition unless the 
remaining units called for in Tables of Organization are 
organized and recognized within six months." 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILTTIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

July 20. 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 63. 

Subject : Prompt forwarding of notification of acceptance of ap- 
pointments and promotions in O. R. C. and Forms 
No. 423a, A. G. O. and 337-R. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

The following received from The Adjutant General of the Army 
is published for the information and guidance of all concerned: — 
"In making appointments and promotions in the Of- 
ficers' Reserve Corps to equalize dual status in Officers' 
Reserve Corps and the National Guard, it is noted that 
in many cases officers so appointed or promoted fail to 
execute and forward to this office the form of acceptance 
or declination of the appointment or promotion, or per- 
sonal report and statement of preferences for Reserve 
Officers, (Form No. 423a, A. G. O.), or the oath of 
office (Form 337-R, A. G. O.), or all of them. With a 
view to this matter being brought to the attention of 



17 



(Bul.S.) 



those concerned through National Guard channels, it is 
requested that you notify the State Adjutants General 
of the importance of these forms being properly executed 
and promptly forwarded to this office." 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bneau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

July 27, 1022. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 64. 

Subject : Funds collected from individuals and from sales. 

To : The Adjutants General and United States Property and 

Disbursing Officers of all States, Territories of Hawaii 
and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia Militia. 

1. Under a recent decision of the Comptroller General the 
proceeds of the sales, as well as collections from individual mem- 
bers of the National Guard, for lost, damaged or destroyed prop- 
erty which was originally issued to the National Guard without 
cJiarge against a State's allotment, shall be covered into Tin- 
Treasury as miscellaneous receipts. The proceeds of the sales, 
as well as collections from individual members of the National 
Guard, for lost, damaged or destroyed property which was origi- 
nally issued to the National Guard as a charge against the allot- 
ment to a State shall be covered into the Treasury in a special 
account as a credit to the allotment of the State involved. 

2. In view of the above facts, you are advised that on and 
after receipt of this circular letter, reports of survey and state- 
ments of charges under which property is dropped in accordance 
with the provisions of Circular Letter No. 61 of this office dated 
July 21, 1922. should be so prepared as to indicate thereon the 
articles of property which were issued as a charge against the 

* State's allotment and those which were issued without such 

charge. This information is contained on shipping tickets cover- 
ing shipments to the National Guard and it is essential that 
future reports of survey and statements of charges under which 
property is to be dropped contain the information requested 
above before such reports or statements are forwarded to this 
•ffice. 

GEO. C. RICHARDS. 

Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



{Bui. 8.) 18 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

July 28, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 65. 

Subject : Allowance for caretakers and mechanics. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, the Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

1. In view of the limited amount of funds appropriated for 
the fiscal year 1923. for the payment of caretakers and mechanics 
for care of animals, equipment and material of the National 
Guard, it has been necessary to make a considerable change in 
the allowances for such helpers and mechanics during the current 
fiscal year in order to avoid incurring a deficiency. 

2. In view of this fact the following table of allowances, ef- 
fective August 16, 1922, has been established and will be in lieu 
of all previous allowances of the kind : 

Divisional Field Artillery — One caretaker per unit (except Bri- 
(75 mm guns) gade Headquarters Batteries and 

Headquarters Batteries) at .$75.00 per 
month. 

Corps Field Artillery — One mechanic per unit (except Head- 
(155 mm howitzers and quarters Batteries and units of Corps 
guns) Ammunition Train) at $75.00 per 

month. 

Anti-Aircraft Artillery — -One mechanic per unit (except Head- 
(C. A. C.) quarters Batteries) at $75.00 per 

month. 

Tank Companies - — One mechanic per company at $75.00 

pei month. 

3. In addition to the above the following caretakers for animals 
will be allowed : 

For a unit having from 1 to 5 animals $ 75.00 per mo. 

For a unit having from 6 to 10 animals 100.00 per mo. 

For a unit having from 11 to 20 animals 175.00 per mo. 

For a unit having from 21 to 32 animals 250.00 per mo. 

Where the animals of more than one unit are grouped together 
in one stable the allowance will be the same as for one unit unless 
the number so grouped exceeds thirty-two, in which ease the allow- 
ance will be $250.00 per month for the first thirty-two animals 
and $75.00 for each additional ten animals or major fraction 
thereof. 

&. The allowance for a mechanic for Air Service units will 
remain as authorized by paragraph 988, N. G. R., 1922, until 
further notice. 

5. No allowance will be authorized for units not listed in the 
preceding paragraphs. 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 

(NOTE: — Regimental Commanders of all Artillery units where 
such units are housed in one armory will commuicate with The 
Adjutant General immediately upon receipt of this Bulletin rela- 
tive to a plan whereby proper pay may be allowed to Battery 
mechanics. — Adj. Qen. P«. 



L9 



(Bul,8.) 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

July 29, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. G6. 

Subject : Disposition of court-martial fines. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

1. The attention of all concerned is invited to decision of the 
Comptroller General, dated June 1, 1922, in which he states that 
forfeitures of pay imposed by sentence of court-martial in the 
National Guard not in Federal service, may not be paid into the 
State Treasury, where the laws of the State direct such disposition 
of National Guard forfeitures. He holds that members of the 
federally recognized National Guard are under a dual oath, and 
in view of the payments made to them by the United States owe 
obligation to the United States as well as to the State. 

2. Further attention is invited to the fact that specific pro- 
vision is made in the law for crediting to the State collections 
made for lost, damaged or destroyed property for which it is 
accountable, but no provision is made for crediting to the State, 
court-martial forfeitures of Federal pay, and in the absence of a 
specific provision of law for crediting the State with amounts 
withheld for court-martial sentences from amounts otherwise pay- 
able from Federal funds to members of the National Guard, there 
is no authority to make payment to any person other than the 
individual concerned. Only so much may be used of Federal 
funds as may be lawfully paid, and if he is not entitled to receive 
it by reason of the court-martial, no lawful payment thereof can 
be made and the money must remain in the Treasury of the 
United States. 

3. In view of this decision, all amounts collected on account of 
court-martial fines imposed on members of the National Guard 
of a State must be deposited in the Treasury of the United States 
if the individual is still in the service. In the case of a deserter, 
no payment can legally be made and the money remains in the 
Treasury of the United States. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



(NOTE: — This applies only to fines to be deducted from the Fed- 
eral pay of soldiers. Where a cash fine is collected from the- 
soldier, such fine will be forwarded to the Adjutant General to 
be deposited in the State Treasury in accordance with State law. — 
Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



(Bui. 8.) 



20 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

August 3, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 67. 

Subject : National Guard Officers who formerly held commissions 
in the Officers' Reserve Corps. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

1. An exception was noted by the Adjutant General of a 
State to a ruling of the War Department, that no action would 
be taken toward reappointing officers in the officers' Reserve 
Corps who were discharged on account of holding a higher grade 
in the Officers' Reserve Corps than in the National Guard. 

2. A recommendation in letter dated June 19, 1922, that the 
ruling be modified to the extent of authorizing the reinstatement 
of such officers in the Officers' Reserve Corps in the grade held 
by them prior to their federalization as National Guard Officers, 
was forwarded to The Adjutant General of the Army, who, under 
date of July 28, 1922, returned the correspondence with state- 
ment as follows : 

"If the officers referred to in the letter of June 19, 
1922. will make application for appointment in the Offi- 
cers'Reserve Corps in the grade and section for which 
legally eligible, favorable consideration will be given to 
the applications." 

By order of the Secretary of War. 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



August 3, 1922, 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 68. 
Subject: National Match, 1922. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

The rules for the National Match, which have just been ap- 
proved by the Secretary of War, provide for teams consisting of 
Team Captain, Team Coach, ten shooting members and two atten- 
uates. Paragraph 2, Militia Bureau Circular Letter No. 38, May 
4, 1922, is amended accordingly. 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



21 



(Bul.8.) 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

August 4, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 69. 

Subject : Delinquency in rendition of money accounts. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

1. Attention is invited to the following Circular issued by the 
War Department : 

"1. Section 12 of the act of July 31, 1894 (28 Stat. 
209), required that all monthly accounts of disbursing 
officers and special disbursing agents shall be mailed or 
otherwise sent to the proper officer at Washington within 
ten days after the end of the mouth to which they relate, 
and quarterly and other accounts within twenty days 
after the period to which they relate, with a proviso 
that the Secretary of the Treasury may waive delin- 
quency in rendition only in cases in which there is, or 
is likely to be, a manifest physical difficulty in com- 
plying with same. 

2. The following reasons in cases of delinquency are 
considered insufficient to fully establish the fact that 
there was a manifest physical difficulty in dispatching 
money accounts within the proper time : Not aware of 
necessity for rendering account, waiting for a warrant : 
waiting for a subvoucher ; overlooked in mailing ; changes 
required in preparation of accounts; attending camp of 
instruction ; correction of account ; change of station ; 
correcting pay rolls, held account for a certificate ; un- 
acquainted with regulations ; over night ; delayed in mail 
left post before accounts were closed ; package mislaid ; 
unable to complete pay roll in time, or similar excuses. 

3. Hereafter all disbursing officers and special disburs- 
ing agents operating under the War Department will, 
when they are delinquent in rendering their accounts, 
forward with the belated accounts a letter stating specifi- 
cally that they were prevented by physical difficulty from 
dispatching their account within the time limit allowed, 
if such is the case, setting forth the conditions which 
caused such physical difficulty." 

2. In view of the above, if a Property and Disbursing Officer 
is delinquent in the rendition of his account it will be necessary 
for him to have a satisfactory reason as to the cause of such 
delinquency in submitting his explanation. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



(Bui. 8.) 



22 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

August 10, 1022. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 70. 

Subject : Transportation of remains of members of the National 
Guard who die during an encampment. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

1, The following instructions for the information of all con- 
cerned, and based upon a decision of the Comptroller General 
dated May 11, 1922, are issued relative to the payment of ex- 
penses of preparation and transporting the remains of National 
Guard officers or enlisted men who, from causes not due to their 
own misconduct, die while in attendance with their organizations 
at encampments authorized by Section 94 of the National Defense 
Act, such authorized expenses to include the cost of preparation 
of the remains (such cost not to exceed allowances prescribed 
for the Army in similar cases), the cost of shipment of the re- 
mains, the cost of transportation of an escort of National Guard 
officers or enlisted men from the camp to the destination of the 
body, and, possibly, the return of the escort to the camp. 

2. Such expenses are properly chargeable to the subapprop na- 
tion "Expense camps of Instruction." provided sufficient funds 
remain available for the purpose ; otherwise, the expense must 
be met from State funds or funds other than Federal : With 
reference to the escort which may apcompany the body, it may 
be stated that in the opinion of this Bureau, one officer or en- 
listed man only will be necessary to accompany the body, and 
if a larger escort accompanies the remains, the additional ex- 
penses must be borne from funds other than Federal and the 
additional members of the escort should not travel on Government 
transportation request. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



7. The following communication, with indorsement of Head- 
quarters Third Corps Area, is published for all officers and en- 
listed men of the Pennsylvania National Guard interested therein : 

1405 21st STREET 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 

July 24, 1922. 

Major General Charles J. Bailey, 
Commanding 3rd Corps Area. 

My dear General Bailey : 

As you will see by the notice I am enclosing, the Argonne Unit 
of the American Womens' Legion hopes to erect a white marble 



23 



(Bul.8.) 



Cross in Arlington Cemetery, "IN MEMORY OF OUR MEN IN 
FRANCE." 

We ask that you will make this known to the men in your De- 
partment, thus giving opportunity for many small subscriptions 
to this National Memorial. We feel that in your capacity as 
commander of the 3rd Corps Area and having under you prob- 
ably many former members of the A. E. F.. you could very mate- 
rially help us to reach the individual. Also it is not unlikely 
that you are in close touch with the various Societies and Posts » 
having origin in your division, as well as the National Guard 
etc., etc. Would it be possible for you to appoint someone to re- 
ceive funds for this purpo.se and forward to our treasurer. Miss 
N. R. Macomb, 1314 N. Street, Washington, D. C. 

Believe me, 

Yours sincerely, 
ABBIE B. McCAMMON. 
Chairman "Argonne Unit Memorial." 

ABMcC : J 

619.3-18172 
AO— Miscl. 

1st Ind. 

Hq. Third Corps Area. Baltimore, Md., August 1, 1922 — To Com- 
manding Officers, all Posts. Camps. Stations. Independent Com- 
mands, Professors of Military Science & Tactics, Instructors, 
National Guard, and Recruiting Officers. 

1. For their information and such action as they may desire 
to take. 

2. The Commanding General is heartily in sympathy with the 
plan of the Memorial Committee and desires to assist in every 
way possible. 

3. It is suggested that the letter from the Committee be 
brought to the attention of all members of your command. 

By order of the Corps Area Coinmanfler: 

R. C. LANGDON, 

Adjutant. 

DISTRIBUTION "A" 



8. The following communication of Headquarters Third Corps 
Area, relative to care of animals and equipment, is published : 

HEADQUARTERS THIRD CORPS AREA 
OFFICE OF THE CORPS AREA COMMANDER. 

Baltimore, Maryland, 

August 15, 1922. 

Subject : Care of animals and Equipment. 

To : The Adjutants General of Pennsylvania, Maryland. 

Virginia, and the District of Columbia. 

The following extract from a letter from the War Department, 
dated August 7, 1922 (File No. AG 454 (6-21-22) (Misc. Div.) 
-3) is quoted for your information : 



(Bad. 8.) 



24 



"NATIONAL GUARD UNITS. 

"6. The attention of instructors assigned to National 
Guard units to which animals are issued is invited to Para- 
graph 370 and Paragraphs 938 to 986, inclusive, 'National 
Guard Regulations, 1922'. They should familiarize them- 
selves with War Department Document No. 1003. Also, 
the following book, although not a Government issue, is 
recommended as being an authority on this subject, 'Animal 
Management, 1908', a British publication. 

"7. When instructors attend mounted drills they should 
pay particular attention to the fitting and condition of the 
horse equipment and harness. Some of the points they 
should note when making the inspection called for by Para- 
graph 379, National Guard Regulations, 1922, are: 

Improper feeding, in reagrd to amounts of grain and 
hay and the hours of feeding. 
No means of screening oats. 

Improper inspection of oats and hay to see if they 
comply with specifications. 
Dirty feed boxes. 
Dirty forage. 

Lack of appreciation of the amount of water a horse 
needs. 

Rusty nails in corrals and snag nails in stalls and 
corrals. 

"8. A special report should be fowarded when it is found 
that no improvement is being made in the care of equipment 
or animals of a unit where the care is not up to the 
standard." 

For the Corps Area Commander : 

FRANK S. COCHEU, 

Chief of Staff. 



(NOTE: — "Animal Management, 1908", to which reference is 
made in Paragraph 6, may be purchased from annual allowance 
funds. — Adj. Gen. Fa.) 



9. The following memoranda as to use of cleaning material is 
published for the information of all concerned : 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 

The Adjutant General's Office. 

Washington, 

1922. 

CLEANING MATERIAL ISSUED, AND ITS EFFECTS. 

1. The three materials issued for the care of leather equip- 
ment are : 

Castile Soap 
Saddle Soap 
Neat's-Foot Oil. 

In order to employ them intellligently, a clear understand- 
ing of the properties of each is essential. 

~. (a) Castile Soap is a powerful cleaner, frequently contain- 
ing an excess of free alkali which renders it an active agent in 
removing oil, sweat and dirt. It has no tendency of itself to 
soften or preserve leather. 



25 



(Bul.8.) 



(h) Saddle Soap is only mildly demising and has no free 
alkali. On the other hand, it has a considerable amount of un- 
eombined fatty substance available for softening and preserving 
purposes. 

(c) Neat's-foot oil has no cleansing properties but is used 
solely to soften and preserve leather which has lost its oil through 
exposure, washing or as a result of prolonged storage. Altough 
leather will not be injured by the application of an excess of oil, 
it will be greatly darkened and the oil will continually ooze out, 
and soil the clothing under the action of the sun's beat. 

3. With the above properties in mind the logical employment 
of these agents is obvious — 

(a) When leather equipment is first received from depots 
it is usually clean. It is, however, generally stiff, hard and dry. 
The use of a cleaning agent is not required, but the equipment 
should be lightly oiled at once. 

(b) The mild cleansing and preserving properties of saddle 
soap will then serve to keep the leather in good condition under 
normal conditions for from one to four weeks. 

(c) From time to time — and particularly after the equip- 
ment has been exposed to rain and mud, or to excessive sweat of 
man or beast, all surface dirt, oil, salt, sweat, and mud should be 
entirely removed by thorough washing with castile soap. The 
leather is then partially dried in the shade, and a very light coat- 
ing of neat's-foot oil aplied. 

(d) The normal use of saddle soup is then renewed, until a 
thorough cleansing is again necessary. 

Mel. 1. 

sb/ — proof— sfa 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
The Adjutant General's Office, 
Washington, 
1922. 

A NEW METHOD FOB CLEANING AND PRESERVING 

LEATHER. 

A new method, which has received limited but very thorough 
test, and which is very highly recommended, is as follows : 

Melt one pound of parafin. Pour in one and one-half ounces 
of Three-in-One Oil (or any other non-drying oil). Add one 
gallon of gasoline, and thoroughly mix. 

Clean the leather and dip in the above for about half a minute ; 
then dry in the sun. 

This is not only a preservative but a cleaner, and very much 
easier and quicker done than the regulation method, and after 
quite a lengthy test, has been found excellent. This method also 
prevents mildew. 

inel. 2. 

sb/ — ii roof — sfa 



(Bui. 8.) 2G 

10. Published herewith is a tabulation furnished by the Militia Bureau 
as to Federally recognized units to June 30, 1022: 

NATIONAL GUARD INFANTRY DIVISION— UN] TS FEDERALLY RECOGNIZED TO 

JUNE 30, 1922. 
Source of information: Militia Bureau. 

Authorized number of units by Branch for each Infantry Division: 
Infantry 74: Field Artillery 22: Engineers 7: Aic u-al V; 
Air Service 1; Trains 5; Special Troops 6; Total 122. 

By unit is meant the smallest unit which is administered on the basis of a 
company. 

Federally Recognized to June 30, 1922 



o i -/> £ 

JCth 0,464 Massachusetts 
27th 9,780 New York 
28th 8,937 , Pennsylvania 

[Maryland 
29th 5,006 {Dist. of Col. 
(Virginia 
I Tennessee 
(North Carolina 
30th 5,061 H South Carolina 
I [Georgia 
J Wisconsin 
C2nd 7,998 (Michigan 
33rd 4,760 | Illinois 

[North Dakota 
[South Dakota 
34th 6,356 [Minnesota 
[Iowa 
[Missouri 
35th 6,410 [Nebraska — 

[Kansas 
36th 5,875 Texas 
37th 7,931 Ohio 

|Indiana 



55 
74 
74 
28 

37 
11 
18 
18 
18 
87 
37 
52 
15 



'£ 

22 

22 

22 



Total Units 



Recognized - Authorized 



1 I 



1 
10 

11 

10 

19 



! l ! — — — 
i I l 
l 



3Sth 6,835 



39th 
-;oth 



6.269 

3,229 



41st 4,998 



43rd 
44th 

45th 



4,668 
5,S72 

5.241 



Kentucky 
West Virginia 
Louisiana 
Mississippi 
Alabama 
Florida 
California 
Utah 
Nevada 
Washington 
Oregon 
j Idaho 
| Montana 
[Wyoming 
| Vermont 
| Connecticut 
' i! aine 

Rhode Island 

New York 

New Jersey 

Delaware 
| Arizona 

Colorado 
[New Mexico 
[Oklahoma 



18 

23 



11 — 



18 



— 1 
1 1 



1| 

-4 81 

-J I I 
2( 

4j 109 

1 ! 72 



1 — 



-I 



1 - 



1} 


84 


- 




-1 

I. 


94 


ij 






83 





120 


11 






95 


-J 





21- 
-J 
II 



18 
18 
18 

37 
27 



6 
18 



4 I — 
4 I — 



- ! -1 



91 



49 



- i 



- 65 
-J I 



2 — 

2 — 

1 — 

10 — 




* 31st and 42nd Divisions not allotted; 

& 1 Regt. of Inf. not assigned to 

and Armv Troops. 
NATIONAL GUARD 
INFANTRY DIV. 



Ark-m as fnrni hes Corps and Anny Troops, 
a Division: New Hamp hire furnishes Corps 



B— 7 nw.» 

STATISTICS BRANCH GENERAL STAFF 
WAR DEPARTMENT 
7-18-22 



27 



(Bul.8.) 



By order of WILLIAM C. SPROUL, 

Governor of Pennsylvania, 

F. D. BEARY, 
The Adjutant General. 

Official : 



Adjutant. 



7 

1 



(Bui. 9.) 



COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, 
THE ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S OFFICE, 

Harrisburg, Pa., October 18, 1922. 

Bulletin { 
No. -9. f 

1. The following communication f romi the Militia Bureau rela- 
tive to Engineers School is l»ublish*|d for the information and 
guidance of all concerned : 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU. 
Washington. 

September, 21, 1922. 

MEMORANDUM FOR: State Authorities interested in detriil-^ 

ing National Guard Engineer Officers 
to Regular Army Engineer School. 

Subject : Course for National Guard Officers at Engineer School. 

1. Arrangements have been completed for providing a Sfe 

weeks course this year for National Guard student officers at 
Engineer School, Camp Humphreys, Virginia. 

2. The customary three months period had been shortened to 
six weeks, and instead of being held in the autumn as heretofore, 
the course will extend from April 15th to May 31st, 1923. 

3. The change in duration was adopted for the purpose of 
enabling those National Guard officers to attend the School who' 
could not get away for a longer period, while the shift from Au- 
tumn to late Spring was made in order to permit the class to- 
devote as much of the six weeks as possible to practical instruc- 
tion out of doors. During the late Spring the average number of 
inclement days is less at Camp Humphreys than during the Au- 
tumn. At the same time the course will end early enough to 
enable the student officers to return to their organizations before 
the opening of the National Guard field encampment season. 

4. If the officer personnel of National Guard Engineer Organi- 
zations were more largely made up of practicing engineers 'it 
would perhaps have been advisable to have restricted the Course 
to the late Fall and Winter periods when engineers are not en- 
gaged on field work and consequently have time to spare for other' 
duties. However, with the National Guard service there are not 
enough practicing civil and mechanical engineers to cause this> 
point to outweigh the advantages of a Spring session. 

5. The Militia Bureau has been repeatedly notified of the 
difficulties encountered by the state authorities in their efforts 
to secure National Guard officers for Regular Army service school 
attendance for periods as long as three months. It has been made 
clear that comparatively few men can get away from their busi- 
ness for three months without suffering undue losses or running 
the risk of finding their positions filled by some one else on their 
return. Due to the small number of student officers allotted each 
year to the Engineers both on account of insufficient appropria- 
tions and also because of the relatively small enrollment in that 
branch, it would no doubt be possible to find enough candidates 
out of the 275 National Guard Engineer officers enrolled to fill 
the quota, but there would always remain a great proportion of 
such officers who, for the reason given, could not hope to have the 
benefit of attending the school. It is to reach that class of officers 
that the shortened course will be provided. 



(Bui. 9.) 



. 6. Assuming 48 half days to the scholastic month for instruc- 
tion periods, the six weeks course will consist of 72 half days, 
apportioned as follows:- 



7. _ In addition to the above subjects, the student officers will 
be given practical instruction in guard duty by having at least 
one tour as officer of the guard for the post. Equitation will 
also be provided for to a limited extent outside of the scheduled 
hours. 

8. Some objection has been made to the proposed course on 
the score of its being too much like "officers' training camp 
stuff." There are also, one or two National Guard Engineer 
regiments fortunate enough to have field officers so situated that 
they can get away for a month or more of each year and so 
deeply interested in military work that they would like to have a 
course provided for them at some Regular Army service school. 

9. The Militia Bureau wishes that money enough could be 
secured from an obdurate Congress to permit the attendance of 
every National Guard officer who desired to take a course at any 
military school whatever, but failing any such good fortune, it 
seemed that the best thing to do under the Bureau's present 
poverty stricken circumstances was to provide for the training of 
those officers who need the instruction most. More than one 
Engineer officer on duty with the National Guard has reported 
that the junior officers of the organization under his charge 
needed teaching in the fundamentals of military science. Such 
a statement might imply a lack of suitable officer material in 
that particular regiment or it might mean that the Instructor 
has been unable to provide for the individual instruction of the 
'junior officers because of the pressure of work connected with 
the training of the organization as a whole. 

10. Naturally the thing to do, in the one case, is to get better 
junior commissioned personnel, and, in the other case, to have 
'the Engineer School take 1 over one or two of these offieers each 
year for a thorough overhauling on elementary and practical 
lines. This is not much but it is better than nothing, and things 
may so improve in the future that other classes of offieers can 
be considered. 

11. Such a policy is simply that of concentrating on the 
training of the least advanced rather than the more experienced. 
Tke Militia Bureau would like to see both classes well provided 
for, but with the limited funds at hand it is belived that the 
wisest expenditure is to invest in competent company officers. 
These company officers are the men who come in direct contact 
with the recruits who are constantly on hand in a National Guard 
unit. With due acknowledgmeat of the importance of the field 
officers' responsibilities, the Militia Bureau believes that organi- 
zations should be built from the ground up. ' .' 

12. The Engineer School authorities assure the Militia Bureau 
that the instruction of the, National Guard student personnel will 
be supervised by officers who have had experience with the prob- 
lems that are peculiar to National Guard development. Major 
Robert S. Thomas, C. E., who has served as Instructor in a 
number of States, will doubtless be employed on this duty, and 



Infantry Drill 

Infantry weapons 

Target Practice and Musketry 

Minor Tactics 

Map Reading and Sketching 
Military Courtesy 
Field Engineering 
Not allotted 



8 half days. 

4 half days. 
12 half days. 
12 half days. 
10 half days. 

4 half days. 
20 half days. 

2 half days. 



Total 



72 half days. 



3 



(Bui. 9.) 



it is probable that Lieut. Colonel P. S. Bond, C. E., now on duty 
with the 112th Engineers in Cleveland, Ohio, will also be called on 
to assist in the instruction of the National Guard class at Camp 
Humphreys. 

13. The amount of money allotted for this year will cut down 
the attendance to about one half of the number that could be 
taken care of at the Engineer School. Probably not more than 
a dozen officers of the average grade of first lieutenant can be 
accommodated. Something depends on the amount that will have 
to be expended for the travel expenses of the student officers but 
the regiments farthest from Washington will not be handicapped 
on that account. Those regiments, however, that have already 
sent officers to the school during the past two years cannot be 
given the same degree of consideration as that extended to those 
regiments that have not yet had this privilege. 

14. The Militia Bureau is now ready to receive recommenda- 
tions from the state authorities interested in this matter. 

15. On account of the shortage of money it will not be prac- 
ticable to provide this year for the attendance of National Guard 
Engineer enlisted men at service schools. All of the small 
amount available will be expended on instruction of officers. 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



(NOTE: — Applications should be forwarded through channels to 
The Adjutant General so as to reach this office not later than 
March 15, 1923.— Ad;'. Gen. Pa.) 



2. The following communication of the Militia Bureau relative 
to Ordnance reports is published for the information and guid- 
ance of all concerned : 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

September 22, 1922. 

Subject : Reports on Ordnance Office Form No. 87. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

1. It has been reported to this office that delay has occurred 
in the submission by United States Property and Disbursing Offi- 
cers of quarterly reports of artillery material on hand, as required 
by instructions on the back of outside sheet of Ordnance Office 
Form No. 87. The delay is alleged to be due to failure on the 
part of organization commanders to submit their reports to the 
United States Property and Disbursing Officers promptly at the 
end of the quarter. The information contained in these reports 
is necessary in order that the Corps Area Ordnance Officers may 
be informed at all times as to the location of the material referred 
to above. 

2. The Secretary of War therefore directs this office to request 
that necessary instructions be issued to insure the prompt rendi- 
tion of these reports in accordance with the instructions mentioned. 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



(Bui. 9.) 4 

_ 3. The following communication of the Militia Bureau rela- 
tive to_ correspondence course for officers of the Medical Corps 
is published for the information and guidance of all concerned : 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

September 27, 1922. 

Subject : Correspondence Course, Medical Department. 

To : All Adjutants General and Medical Department In- 

structors. 

1. An officer of the Medical Corps who stated that he com- 
pleted the basic correspondence course in 1916 under orders from 
the Adjutant General of his state, and requested credit for same, 
was informed as follows : 

"Credit may be taken for any part of the Correspondence course 
for medical officers which has been completed, and for which a 
certificate has been furnished by either the Instructor or the 
Militia Bureau, and this credit may be obtained by forwarding 
such certificates to the Instructor at present conducting the 
course." 

For the Chief, Militia Bureau : 

GEORGE F. BALTZELL, 

Assistant. 



(NOTE : — Officers concerned who have not received their credit 
should make claim for same. Such claims should be forwarded 
through channels to this office. — Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



4. The following communication relative to impersonation of 
U. S. Army Officer is published : 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

October 5, 1922. 

Subject : Impersonation of Officer. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

1. The Adjutant General, State of Minnesota, has informed 
this office that recently a man of the following description, re- 
presenting himself as Major Harvey Hayes, U. S. Army, reported 
to the Commanding Officer, 135th Infantry, at Minneapolis, Minn., 
stating that he had been sent by the Militia Bureau to check all 
property, especially finances, and to act as an Instructor in 
paper work : 

Height about 5 feet, 8 in. ; weight approximately 135 lbs ; 
build, slender ; narrow face, pitted and freckled ; dress, old 
uniform of issue type, braid on sleeve frayed, puttees without 
spurs ; general appearance discredit to the Army. 

2. This man also called at the above named organization in 
company with an officer representing himself as Colonel Godecke. 

3. A few days later "Major Hayes" presented a check on the 
First National Bank of Minneapolis for $800.00, giving the name 
of Colonel Erie D. Luce as a reference. He also contracted bills 
at several caercaijtile establishments which have not been paid. 



5 (Bnl. 9.) 

4. Both of these men intimated that they intended to proceed 
to other states when their work in Minnesota had been completed 
and have thus far avoided apprehension by the police. 

5. These men are not agents of the Militia Bureau and it is 
requested that all concerned be notified to keep a sharp lookout 
for them and promptly advise the local police in case they make 
their appearance. 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



(NOTE: — Any information received relative to the above named 
imposter should be forwarded by telegraph to this office and the 
man detained by local police until information is received by the 
War Department as to action in his case. — Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



5. The following training memorandum is published for the 
information of all officers of the Pennsylvania National Guard : 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

October 6, 1922. 

Subject : Training Memorandum, August 18, 1921. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
National Guard, and all Corps Area and Department 
Commanders. 

1. The Training Memorandum issued under date of August 18, 
1921, and in which the training during the armory drill season 
and field training period, terminating with the annual encamp- 
ment for 1922 was prescribed, is continued in force during the 
coming armory drill season. 

2. It is expected that policies will be promulgated, not later 
than January 1923, setting forth the nature of training which will 
govern the next field training period. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



6. The following communication of Headquarters Third Corps 
Area, relative to use of Mark III Fuze, is published for informa- 
tion of all concerned : 

HEADQUARTERS THIRD CORPS AREA, 
OFFICE OF THE CORPS AREA COMMANDER, 

Baltimore, Maryland, 

September 15, 1922. 

Ord. O. 

Subject: Precautions in using Mark III Fuze. 

To : Commanding Officers of camps, posts and stations, Ad- 

jutants General of States & District of Columbia, In- 
structors of the National Guard, U. S. Property & Dis- 
bursing Officers, & Professors of Military Science & 
Tactics with R. O. T. C. Units within territorial limits 
of the 3rd Corps Area. 



(Bui. 9.) 



6 



1. The following letter from The Adjutant General of the 
Army, AG 471.82 (Miscl) dated September 12, 1922, is quoted 
for the information and guidance of all concerned : 

"1. The sensitiveness of the Mark III (instantaneous) 
fuze used by the Field Artillery demands that certain special 
precautions be taken when using it. All field artillery organi- 
zations under your jurisdiction will therefore be furnished the 
following instructions : 

"2. When using Mark III (instantaneous) fuzes, the fuze 
must be handled with the greatest care. The hood must 
never be removed before the projectile is in the hands of No. 
2 for loading. No. 3 removes hood after the round is in the 
hands of No. 2 for loading. After the hood has been removed, 
the fuze must be examined by No. 3 to make certain that the 
spiral is in its proper position and that the weighted end of 
the spiral does not project beyond the washer on which it 
rests. A Mark III fuse without the spiral must never be 
used. If one is received without the spiral, or if the spiral 
has been accidently removed in handling, it is at once re- 
ported to the executive who will cause it to be destroyed." 
By command of MAJOR GENERAL BAILEY: 

R. C. LANGDON, 

Adjutant. 

(NOTE: — Officers of the Artillery will note the above precaution, 
and great care will be exercised in handling Mark III Fuze. — 
Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



7. The following indorsement of Headquarters Third Corps 
Area, dated September 16, 1922, is published : 

1st Ind. 

1. The school for bakers and cooks at Camp Dix, N. J., is 
not included in the list of schools of that class to which officers 
and enlisted men of the National Guard may be sent. Commis- 
sioned Officers and enlisted men of the National Guard are 
selected for attendance at service schools by the Governors of 
States in accordance with the allotment of officers and men made 
to their respective States, by letter from these headquarters, 
August 14, 1922. 

2. The schools for bakers and cooks at which the attendance 
of officers and enlisted men of the National Guard is authorized 
is as follows : 

Officers 

Location 
Ft. Hamilton, N. Y. 
Ft. Berming, Ga 
Ft. Sam Houston, Tex. 
Pres. of S. F. Calif. 
Schofleld Bis. H. T. 
Ft. Riley, Kans. 



Course 
Bakers and Cooks 



Course 
begins 

Any time 



Course 
ends 
Two months 



Enlisted Men 



Course 
Bakers and Cooks 



Course 
begins 

15th ea. month 



Course 
ends 
last 4 months 



Location V 
Ft. Hamilton, N. T. 
Ft. Kiley, Kans. 
Ft. Benning, Ga. 
Ft. Sam. Houston, Tex. 
Pres. of S. F. Calif. 
Schofleld Bks. H T. 

For the Corps Area Commander: 

E. R. HOUSEHOLDER, 
Assistant Adjutant 



(NOTE: — While no authority has been given by the Militia 
Bureau for attendance of officers or enlisted men at these Schools, 



7 



(BuL 9.) 



still if aplications are received they will be forwarded individually 
for request for individual action. Such request must be forward- 
ed through channels. — Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



8. The following: Circular Letters of the Militia Bureau are 
published for the information and guidance of all concerned : 



WAS DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 71. 

August 28, 1922. 

» Subject : Reduced Regular Army Tables of Organization not ap- 

plicable to National Guard. 
To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia. 

Tables of Organization have recently been published prescribing 
the personnel of Regular Army units at reduced strength. These 
Tables have no application whatever to National Guard units. 
The 1920 Regular Army Tables and the modified Tables based 
thereon, issued by the Militia Bureau, are still effective for the 
National Guard. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau, 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 72 

September 5, 1922. 
Subject : Change in National Guard Regulations, 1922. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of Ha- 

waii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
Militia . 

The Secretary of War directs that the following change in 
National Guard Regulations, 1922, be published for the informa- 
tion and guidance of all concerned : 

Paragraph 694, Article XVII, will be changed so as to read as 
follows : 

"Army Regulations (C. A. R. 129, August 1, 1922) provide 
that while sick in hospital the ration of enlisted men will be com- 
puted as follows : For all hospitals for tuberculosis patients, re- 
gardless of bed capacity, at the actual cost of the ration plus lOO^/c ; 
for all other hospitals, at the cost of the ration plus 50%. 

The subsistence charges for both officers and enlisted men wjll 
be accounted for with the hospital fund. 

Med'cine charges at the rate of 25 cents a day for both officers 
and enlisted men to be deposited to the credit of the proper appro- 
priations. 

Charges for subsistence; and medicines, so far as Federal funds 
are concerned, are limited to the periods of the encampments, and 
charges for subsistence for officers must be met from funds other 
than Federal (see Par. 695 (b) )." 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



(Bui. 9.) 8 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington. 

September 8, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 73. 

Subject: Property dropped under statements of charges without 
survey proceedings. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of Ha- 

waii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
Militia, and the Finance officers of all Corps Areas. 

1 Reference is made to Circular Letter No. 61 of this office 
dated July 21, 1922, on the above subject, paragraph 2 of which is 
amended to read as follows : 

"2. An original and five copies of the statement of charges 
should be prepared and routed as follows : 

1 copy retained by organization commander. 

2 copies forwarded to the Property and Disbursing 
Officer. 

The original and two copies fastened to the payroll 
on which the charge is made and transmitted 
therewith to the disbursing officer whose duty it 
is to make payment on the rolls. 
Of the two copies received by the Property and Disbursing 
Officer, one will be retained for his information and the 
other forwarded to the Chief, Militia Bureau." 
2. Necessary instructions in connection with the foregoing 
amendment should be issued to every one concerned in order that 
all cases of this kind maybe handled uniformily. 

GEO. C. RICHARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington. 

September 9, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 74. 

Subject: Changes in National Guard Regulations; 1922. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

The Secretary of War directs that the following changes, in 
National Guard Regulations, 1922, be published for the informa- 
tion and guidance of all concerned : . . 

"Paragraphs 211 and 212 are eliminated from National Guard 
Regulations and paragraphs 207 and 213 are changed to read as 
follows : — 

"207. No person hereafter commissioned as an officer of the 
National Guard shall be federally recognized as such unless he 
first shall have successfully passed the tests as to his physical, 
moral and professional fitness which the President shall prescribe. 
The examination to determine such qualifications for commission 
shall be conducted by a board of three commissioned officers ap- 
pointed by the corps area commander from the Regular Army or 
the National Guard or both. 

"213 When a vacancy occurs in any commissioned grade of 
the National Guard, except when in Federal service under draft. 



9 



(Bui. 9.) 



the appointing authority of the State where such a vacancy exists 
will appoint an eligible person to fill the vacant grade. Applica- 
tion for Federal recognition of officers so appointed, will be made 
in prescribed form by the adjutant general of the State direct to 
the Militia Bureau, accompanied by the following papers : 
Oath of office on Form No. 337-1, A. G. O. 
Copy of letter or order of appointment or promotion. 
Copy of letter or order of asignment to an existing vacancy. 
Sufficient information to show how vacancy was created. 
Personal history on Form 108, M. B., unless this record 
on revised form (edition Jan. 16, 1922) has been previously 
transmitted to the Militia Bureau. 

Physical examination on Form 95, M. B., unless 

(a) record of such examination made within six 
months from date of application is filed in the 
Militia Bureau, or 

(b) is being prepared for transmission with the re- 
cord of the Examining Board in the case. 

Examination required by Section 75, National Defense Act, may 
be conducted any time. A candidate for federal recognition may 
be ordered by the adjutant-general of the State to appear for ex- 
amination either before or after date of appointment. The ex- 
amination will be conducted by a board appointed by the corps 
area commander in cooperation with the State authorities. Ex- 
cept for the examination of officers of the Medical Corps, an 
examining board shall consist of three officers — one from the Medi- 
cal Corps, and two, chosen when practicable, from the corps, 
department, or arm to which the applicant being examined belongs, 
all of grade, if practicable, equal to or higher than that for which 
the applicant is being examined, and at least one of whom should, 
if practicable, be an officer of the Regular Army. In the examin- 
ation of chaplains, one member of the board will, when practic- 
able, be a chaplain. Proceedings of each examining board appointed 
under the provisions of this paragraph will be forwarded to the 
Ch : ef, Militia Bureau, through the corps area commander, who 
will indorse thereon, his approval or disapproval and, in the event 
of disapproval, his reasons therefor." 

GEO. C. RICHARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington. 

September 12, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 75. 

Subject : Revision of National Guard Regulations. 

To : The Adjutants General, United States Property and Dis- 

bursing Officers of all States, Territories of Hawaii and 
Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia Militia, and 
the Commanding Officers of all Corps Areas. 

1. In viciw of the provisions of General Orders No. 6, 1922, 
which transfers authority for accomplishing National Guard re- 
quisitions from the Chief, Militia Bureau to the several Corps 
Area Commanders, it has become necessary to effect certain 
changes in paragraphs 851 (a) and 865 (a) of the National Guard 
Regulations, 1922, in order that the various Corps Area Command- 
ers will receive copies of all reports of survey covering National 



(Bui. 9.) 



10 



Guard property to enable them to act intelligently on requisitions 
covering articles to replace like articles which have been lost, 
destroyed, stolen, or rendered unserviceable by fair wear and tear 
in the service. In view of these facts paragraphs 851 (a) and 
865 (a) of the National Guard Regulations, 1922, are amended 
as follows : 

"851 (a) Reports of surveying officers will be made out in 
quintuplicate, on Form No. 196, A. G. O. (except in cases where 
a common carrier, or an individual other than the accountable 
officer is held responsible, when an original and six copies of the 
report will be prepared) and forwarded to the adjutant general of 
the State, who will in turn forward same to the Chief, Militia 
Bureau, with the recommendation of the governor thereon. When 
final action shall have been taken, one copy of the report of sur- 
vey will be returned to the property and disbursing officer and one 
copy forwarded to the corps area commander by the Militia Bur- 
eau. 

"865 (a). When survey proceedings are instituted by an organ- 
ization commander, report of survey should be made out as re- 
quired by paragraph 851, with the exception that an additional 
copy should be prepared andall copies forwarded to the property 
and disbursing officer. When final action on the report of survey 
shall have been taken, one copy will be forwarded by the Militia 
Bureau to the corps area commander and the original and one 
copy will be returned by the Militia Bureau to the property and 
disbursing officer, who will retain the copy and forward the orig- 
inal to the organization commander to serve as the latter's 
voucher." 

2. The foregoing amended paragraphs are effective at once and 
necessary instructions should be issued to insure compliance by all 
concerned with the amendments. 

GEO. C. RICHARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington. 

September 13, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 76. 

Subject: Changes in National Guard Regulations, 1922. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

The Secretary of War directs that the following changes in 
National Guard Regulations, 1922, be published for the informa- 
tion and guidance of all concerned : 

"Paragraphs 947, 963, 970 and 971 will be changed to read as 
follows : — 

"947. Forage, bedding, salt, vinegar, horseshoes, and horse- 
shoe nails may be furnished, upon requisition, for animals for 
Cavalry, Field Artillery, Engineers, ambulance companies, wagon 
companies, signal organizations, howitzer and machine-gun troops 
of the National Guard in quantities not to exceed those authorised 
for the Regular Army. Blacksmith's coal and veterinary supplies 
in quantities prescribed in paragraph 969 may be purchased locally 
by the property and disbursing officer for the State, provided au- 
thorization for such cash purchase shall have been granted by the 
corps araa commander. The bills covering same shall be forward- 



11 (Bui. 9.) 

ed to the corps area commander for settlement from funds allotted 
his corps area by the Militia Bureau. Requisition for black- 
smith's coal and veterinary supplies should be submitted separately 
from requisitions for other supplies and forwarded to the corps 
area commander for necessary approval. The number of animals 
to be so supplied will not exceed 32 for each battery, headquarters 
or service battery of Field Artillery, troop, Engineer company, 
I ambulance company, wagon company, or signal company, and four 

for each battalion headquarters, regimental headquarters, howitzer 
or machine-gun company. 

"963. All changes in the number of animals in any organiza- 
tion and the date of each change will be promptly reported to the 
Chief, Militia Bureau, and to the corps area commander by the 
adjutant general of the State concerned. 

"970. Requisitions for supplies should reach the corps area 
commander at least sixty days in advance of the period for which 
the supplies are required. 

"971. Should supplies not reach organizations before the ex- 
piration of the period for which issues have been made, a request 
by telegraph should be sent to the corps area commander, for 
authority to make necessary purchases in the open market until 
the supplies on the requisitions are received. Vouchers for such 
authorized emergency purchases should be forwarded to the corps 
area commander for settlement from funds allotted his corps area 
by the Militia Bureau. (See Pars 947 and 965). 

GEO. C. RICHARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington. 

Sept&noer 18, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 77. 

Subject : Reports of survey covering property worn out by fair 
wear and tear in the service. 

To : The Adjutants General and United States Property and 

and Disbursing Officers of all States, Territories of 
Porto Rico and Hawaii and the District of Columbia 
Miltia. 

1. Reports of survey covering property which has been worn 
out or rendered unserviceable by fair wear and tear in the service 
should show on the face of each copy the approximate or actual 
length of time in use and nature of the service to which such 
property has been subjected. The omission of this data, which are 
required in every case before the survey can be intelligently acted 
upon by this office, has occasioned considerable correspondence 
and delay in the past. 

2. It is therefore requested that hereafter care be taken to 
include this information in all surveys of the character mentioned 
above. 

GEO. C. RICHARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



(NOTE : — When property worn out by fair wear and tear is re- 
turned to the State Arsenal for action without survey, a state- 
ment giving dates when such property was received by the organ- 
ization must accompany the request. — Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



(Bui, 94 



12 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington. 

September 26, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 78. 
Subject: Correspondence Courses. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
National Guard, and all Corps Area Commanders. 

With reference to correspondence instruction for officers of the 
National Guard, the following is transmitted for the information 
of all concerned : 

1. There are two classes of correspondence instructions that 
may apply to officers: 

(a) The Army Correspondence Courses. 

(b) Correspondence courses initiated and conducted within the 
State. 

2. As to la, the following should govern : 

Paragraph 5b, Regulations for Army Correspondence Courses, 
War Department, December 17, 1921, which authorizes National 
Guard personnel to pursue such courses, must be understood as 
extending to such personnel in a purely voluntary and individual 
capacity. Should the course be thus engaged in, it will be under 
the same conditions as govern the personnel of the Organized Re- 
serves. The direct supervision of the work must necessarily fall 
to the Instructor of the Regular Army affiliated with the organ- 
izations to which the individual belongs. Final action regarding 
the work of individuals pursuing this course will be taken by the 
authority designated by the Corps Area Commander to handle 
such courses. When an individual pursues this particular course 
under the above conditions, the effort expended cannot be allowed 
to interfere in any respect with the duty pertaining to other 
courses of instruction required of him by his superiors. Whether 
the local Instructor can perform, in addition to his normal duties, 
the work required in connection with the Army Correspondence 
Courses, is a matter of first importance. Such demands on bis 
time are necessarily subsidiary to those connected with his primary 
duties. These duties concern the organization with which he is 
affiliated as well as other instruction that may be required. 

3. As to lb the following should govern : 

With reference to the type of correspondence work an officer 
should pursue, its nature and scope should be left logically to the 
recommendation of local Instructors after consultation with proper 
National Guard commanders. An Instructor is in a position best 
to judge of the needs of those officers pertaining to his sphere of 
duty as well as the means best suited to meet these needs. There- 
fore, there should be freedom on his part to recommend the par- 
ticular type of correspondence instruction which he considers best 
suited to the situation. Such may take the form of the Army Cor- 
respondence Courses in full, any modification of these courses, or 
substitution of different subject-matter. If the Army Correspond- 
dence Courses are adopted in full for any officers, the procedure 
indicated in paragraph 2 above will be necessary. If these 
courses are used as a basis only, or if different subject-matter is 
decided upon, then the ultimate method of conducting and dispos- 
ing of this instruction will rest with the State authorities, based 
upon the recommendation of the Instructors concerned. 
■ 4. In carrying out any correspondence instruction, the senior 
Instructor should coordinate the work of Instructors. Normally 
he should not be required to perform detailed work connected with 
solutions submitted by students. Exception to this principle might 



13 (Bui. 9.) 

be uecessary, as, for example, if there be one Instructor anly on 
duty with a State, or, otherwise, where special and unusual 
circumstances make it imperative. 

5. Each Adjutant General should promptly communicate with 
the Corps Area Commander regarding the particular scheme of 
correspondence instruction which it is intended to adopt. 

Thereafter the Corps Area Commander should be kept informed 
regarding such correspondence instruction and in the manner de 
sired by such Commander. 

By direction of the Secretary of War ; 

GEO. C. RICHARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington. 

October 2, 1922.. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 79 
Subject : Armory Drill Pay. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

By decision of the Comptroller General of the United States, 
dated September 15, 1922, quarterly payments for armory drills 
to the National Guard were ruled as not being authorized by law, 
but legislation authorizing quarterly payments was enacted on 
September 22, 1922 ; therefore, quarterly payments beginning 
with the period ended September 30, 1922, are authorized. 
By direction of the Secretary of War ; 

GEO. C. RICHARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington. 

October 3, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 80. 

Subject : Issue of Cotton and Denim Clothing, National Guard. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

1. Recognizing the desirability, and in fact necessity, for ad- 
ditional cotton clothing for use of National Guard troops attend- 
ing encampments, recent arrangements have been made whereby 
one pair of cotton breeches will be furnished each enlisted man in 
addition to the cotton uniform now prescribed and supplied, the 
one uniform heretofore furnished being insufficient for require- 
ments from the viewpoint of cleanliness, sanitation and the sol- 
dierly appearance of the men. 

2. A 50% increase in the present allowance of denim or fatigue 
clothing is also authorized. 



(Bui. 9.) 



14 



3. Issue of the additional clothing will be made without charge 
against National Guard funds and all States will submit requisi- 
tions to the Corps Areas for the quantities now prescribed if issue 
has not heretofore been made. 

4. Tables of Equipment should also be amended in accordance 
with the foregoing. . 

GEO. C. RICHARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



(NOTE: — Requisition should be made for this additional clothing, 
and request should state "In compliance with Circular Letter No. 
80, M. B." — Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington. 

October 4, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 81. 

Subject : Issue of Signal Equipment to National Guard. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

1. The Appropriation Act approved June 30, 1922, provides 
that none of the funds appropriated for "Arms, Uniforms, Equip- 
ment, etc. For Field Service, National Guard," for the fiscal year 
1923, shall be used for the purchase of signal material. The 
Militia Bureau is, therefore, without authority to approve the issue 
of any signal mateirial except such as may be available from 
surplus or reserve stock now on hand and purchased for the U. S. 
Army. 

2. In this connection, the Chief Signal Officer of the Army has 
advised this Bureau that only those articles shown on the accom- 
panying list can be issued without charge against National Guard 
funds. 

3. Requistion for such of the articles listed as may be required 
should be submitted to the proper Corps Area Commander. At- 
tention is invited to Note 1 on the list requiring the itetas to be 
priced and indicated on the requisition, in order that the Issuing 
Depot may make the necessary 4% charge for packing and handling. 
This charge and the cost of transportation of the supplies are 
properly payable from funds alloted to the Corps Areas. 

GEO. C. RICHARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



SIGNAL MATERIAL WHICH CAN BE FURNISHED THE 
NATIONAL GUARD WITHOUT CHARGE AGAINST 
NATIONAL GUARD FUNDS. 

Books, field message $ .14 

Buzzers, service, type EE-63 34.85 

Carts, wire, type N, Signal Corps, type K-l .... 1090.00 
(The harness for this wire cart is issued by 
the Quartermaster Corps). 

Clips, test, frankel .11 



15 



(Bui. 9.) 



Disc, cipher .06 

(Requisitions are usually submitted for this 
item calling for "Cipher Device." The Ci- 
pher Device, type M-94 is not to be issued 
to the National Guard, but the requisition 
should be edited to read "Cipher Discs." 
The Cipher Device costs $2.83, and is for 
issue to the regular army only.) 

Envelopes, field message .01 

Flag kit, type M-42, combination 3.76 

Ground rods, type GP-16 .27 

Insulators, wooden knob 4.30 per M 

Kits, flag combination standard, type M-42 .... 3.76 

Knobs, wooden, insulator 4.30 per M 

Reels, breast, type RL-9 5.30 

Rods, ground, type GP-16 .27 

Set, Airplane, radio receiving, type SCR-59 .... 446.83 

Set, amplifier, French, 3-ter 125.00 

Set, French, type E-10-Bis 850.00 

Set, radio receiving, type SCR-54A 147.86 

Set, radio telegraph, pack, type SCR-49 639.10 

Set, radio, telephone, type SCR-67-A 1106.00 

Set, radio, telegraph, type SCR-74 231.43 

Switchboard, type BD-9 19.40 

Wire, buzzer, type W-45, on 1/2 mile spools .... 13.40 mi. 

Wire, outpost, single, type W-43 32.50 mi. 

Wire, outpost, twisted pair, type W-44 113.50 mi. 

Wire, outside distributing, 17 B & S, type W-38 .019 ft. 



Note 1. These items will be issued free to the National Guard. 
In forwarding requisitions to depot these items must be priced 
and indicated on requisition, in order that depot may make 
necessary 4% packing and handling charges. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington. 

October 5, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 82. 

Subject : Equipment for Medical Units, National Guard. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

1. It is requested that additional equipment as specified herein 
be furnished medical units of the National Guard as indicated, and 
if available, and that Tables of Equipment for Medical Department 
units of the National Guard, prepared and distributed by the 
Militia Bureau be amended accordingly : 

Sanitary Company — The following items of Quartermaster pro- 
perty should be added to page four of Sanitary Company equip- 
ment : 

1 Trailer, tank, 300-gal, 
1 Trailer, kitchen, 
1 Truck, 1$ to 2-ton cargo, 
1 Motorcycle, with side car, 
1 Bicycle. 

Veterinary Company — One wagon, escort (4 mule) , complete, with 
harness, should be added to the Quartermaster property for each 
Veterinary Company on page 3 of list of veterinary equipment. 



4 



r 



9- 



I 

I 



4 



[Bui. 10.] 



COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, 
THE ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE, 

Harrisburg, Pa., October 27, 1922. 

Bulletin j 
No. 10. 1 



1. Referring to Paragraph 2, Bulletin No 7. A.G.O., c.s., 
(Page 2). publishing a communication from Finance Officer, U. S. 
A., dated June 26, 1922, relative to Federal pay of Band and 
Mounted Section of Service Troop, the following extract from 
communication of .the Finance Officer, U. S. A., Philadelphia, 
dated September 1, 1922 is published as supplemental to the pre- 
vious communication of the Finance Officer : 

September 1, 1922. 
File 240-AD(P.N.G. Harrisburg) 

Subject : Pay. Band and Mounted Section. 

To : The Adjutant General, Pennsylvania National Guard. 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

1. Your Bulletin. No. 7, dated July 20, 1922, has just 
been received unofficially, and with reference to letter 
from this office;, above file number, dated June 26, 1922, 
published on page 2 of the above mentioned Bulletin, your 
attention is invited to the fact, that at the time letter was 
written this office was under the impression that 28 men 
was the minimum strength of the Mounted Section, of 
the Service Troop. Since that date we have learned that 
the minimum strength of the Mounted Section of the 
Service Troop is 33 men, and that of the Band 17 men. 

2. For drill purposes it would be necessary that 60% 
of 33 men, i.e., 20 men be present with 50% of the officers 
to entitle the latter to Armory Drill pay. 

3. With exception noted, the letter as published is cor- 
rect and contains the views of this office, which have 
been confirmed by the Comptroller General in his De- 
cisions. 

S. B. McINTYRE, 
Finance Officer, U. S. A. 



2. The office of the Senior Instructor, Pennsylvania National 
Guard, has been moved from the rooms of The Adjutant General 
of Pennsylvania, Capitol Building, Harrisburg, Pa., and is now 
located in the Masonic Temple, corner Third and State Streets, 
Harrisburg, Pa., and all communications to the Senior Instructor, 
(Colonel C. A. Martin) will be sent to that address. 

3. The following circular letters of the Militia Bureau are, 
published for the information and guidance of all concerned : 



[Bui.. 10] 2 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

October 7, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 84. 

Subject : Change in paragraph 348, National Guard Regulations. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
National Guard, and all Corps Area Commanders. 

The Secretary of War directs that the following change in 
National Guard Regulations, 1922, be published for the information 
and guidance of all concerned : 

"348. In time of peace an enlisted man who has been 
extended Federal recognition as a member of the National 
Guard will not be discharged before the expiration of his 
period of enlistment except — 

(1) By order of the President or the Secretary of War. 

(2) By order of the Governor of a State — 
(a) On account of disability. 

(b_) To accept a commission in the Regular Army or 
the National Guard. 

(c) For the purpose of enlistment in the Regular 
Army, Navy, or Marine Corps. 

(d) On account of a bona fide permanent change of 
residence to another State or a foreign country. 

(e) In case of prohibited enlistments, as provided 
in paragraph 321. 

(f) In compliance with an order of one of the United 
States courts or a justice or judge thereof or a writ of 
habeas corpus. 

(g) Inaptitude, etc., as provided in paragraph 354 
of these regulations. 

(h) On sentence of imprisonment by a civil court, 
whether suspended or not. 

(i) On sentence of a special or general court-martial, 
(j) Upon application of an enlisted man, token ap- 
proved by the Secretary of War." 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

October 12, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 85. 

Subject : Examination; National Guard Officers. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

1. The time set for the completion of the examinations of Na- 
tional Guard officers for qualification under Section 75, National 



?> 



[Bui. 10.] 



Defense Act is extended to December 15, 1922. Circular Letter 
No. 43, Militia Bureau, dated May 16, 1922, is amended accord- 
ingly. 

2. An officer of the National Guard who on December 15, 1922, 
has not qualified before an examining board of three officers under 
Section 75 of the National Defense Act, is not entitled to Federal 
pay. This applies to every officer of the National Guard, even 
though he may have been extended federal recognition by the War 
Department (a) subject to examination under the now obsolete 
paragraph 218, National Guard Regulations, or (b) upon waiver 
of tests for normal and professional fitness under the now obsolete 
paragraph 208, National Guard Regulations. 

3. On December 15. 1922. all forms of federal recognition ex- 
tended by the War Department will cease in the case of those 
officers who, for any reason, have failed to qualify in the grade 
and branch of service before a board under Section 75, National 
Defense Act, and all such persons cease to be officers of the Na- 
tional Guard within the meaning of that Act. This applies also 
to officers of the National Guard Reserve. 

4. Attention is invited to Circular Letters, Militia Bureau, No. 
43, dated May 16, 1922 ; No. 58, dated July 15, 1922, and No. 74, 
dated Sept. 9, 1922. 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

October 13, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 86. 

Subject : Appointment of National Guard Officers in the Officers' 
Reserve Corps. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

The following information on the above subject is published for 
the information and guidance of all concerned. 

1. Section 37, National Defense Act, has been amended so that 
it now reads in part, as follows : — 

"Any person commissioned in, the National Guard 
and recognized as a National Guard officer by the 
Secretary of War, may upon his own application, 
be appointed as a reserve officer in the grade held by 
him in the National Guard. ****** ^Promotions and 
transfers shall be made under such rules as may be 
prescribed by the President. ********," 

2. The above changes in the law remove the former restric- 
tions as to legal eligibility, which were explained in Circular Letter 
No. 74, M.B. 1921, and which precluded favorable action in many 
cases of officers desiring appointments in the Officers' Reserve 
Corps. As the law now stands, any federally recognized officer of 
the National Guard is legally eligible for appointment in the 
Officers' Reserve Corps in the grade he holds in the National' 



[Bui. loj 



4 



Guard. It is to be noted that an officer must have passed the 
examination before a board of three officers as required by Sec- 
tion 75 National Defense Act before he can be considered as a 
federally recognized officer of the National Guard. 

3. Under date of October 6, 1922, The Adiutant General of the 
Army, in A.G. 315. O. R. C. (10-6-22), subject, "Dual Status of 
Reserve Officers and National Guard Officers", transmitted to the 
Chief, Militia Bureau, the following outline of the procedure which 
will be followed by The Adjutant General in cases involving ap- 
pointment, promotion and transfer in the Officers' Reserve Corps 
to effect identity of grade and section in the Officers' Reserve 
Corps and National Guard. 

(a) Appointments may be made in the Officers' 
Reserve Corps to the same grade and section as that 
held in the National Guard under federal recognition, 
except that where the National Guard officer is el- 
igible by reason of previous commissioned service in 
the Army for a grade in the Officers' Reserve Corps 
higher than his federally recognized grade in the 
National Guard, he will not be appointed to the lower 
grade without first having expressed his willingness 
to accept the lower grade in the Officers' Reserve 
Corps. 

(b) In the case of an officer now holding a com- 
mission in the Officer' Reserve Corps of a grade 
lower than his federally recognized grade in the Na- 
tional Guard, he will be promoted to a higher grade 
if advancement of only one grade is involved ; other- 
wise he will be appointed to the higher grade, accept- 
ance of the new appointment to vacate the present 
commission. 

(c) In no case will an appointment or promo- 
tion in the Officers' Reserve Corps be made to a grade 
higher than the federally recognized grade in the 
National Guard, except where the officer has here- 
tofore been discharged from the Officers' Reserve 
Corps because of inequality of dual status and makes 
application for restoration of the higher grade. 

(d) Where an officer already holds a commission 
in O.R.C. and is federally recognized in a lower grade 
in the National Guard, he will be permitted to retain 
Reserve Commission in higher grade. 

(e) Where an officer already holds a commission 
in the Officers' Reserve Corps, and is federally recog- 
nized in the National Guard in the same grade as his 
O. R. C. commission, but in a different section, he 
will be transferred, without application, to the sec- 
tion in the O. R. C. identical with his National 
Guard commission. 

(f) For the purpose of action under these in- 
structions, federally recognized National Guard Status 
will be understood as referring only to those officers 
who are federally recognized and carried on the act- 
ive list of the National Guard, and not to officers 
who are in the National Guard Reserve or on the 1 
National Guard retired list. 

4. A new blank application for appointment in the Officers' Re- 
serve Corps has been approved and is known as Form No. 423a, 
A. G. O. Copies of this form will be distributed, under separate 



s 



cover, without requisition therefor. This form will hereafter be 
used instead of the form prescribed in Appendix 1, Special Regu- 
lations, No. 43, War Department, 1921. In connection with the 
instructions on Form No. 423a, A. G. O., attention is especially 
invited to the requirement that two original copies must be trans- 
mitted to The Adjutant General of the Army. These applications 
will be forwarded through the Adjutant General of the State and 
the Chief, Militia Bureau. Unless specifically requested in an in- 
dividual case, the report of physical examination required by para- 
graph 2 of Instructions, Form No. 432a, A. G. O., will not be 
submitted with the application. The fact that the officer is a 
federally recognized National Guard officer will, in general, be 
accepted as sufficient to establish his physical qualifications for ap- 
pointment in the Officers' Reserve Corps. 
► 5. Where an officer has already submitted to The Adjutant 

General of the Army the data contained on Form No. 423a» A. G. 
O., another form need not be completed and forwarded. In such 
cases, e. g., cases involving transfer or promotions in the Officers' 
Reserve Corps, an official request for that action will be sufficient. 
In this connection, where cases are discovered by The Adjutant 
General of the Army involving discrepancies in grade, or branch, 
or both, identity of the two commissions will be effected without 
any request from the individual concerned, so far as such action 
is possible under the procedure outlined in paragraph 3 above. 

6. The Militia Bureau has been retaining the applications for 
appointments in the Officers, Reserve Corps of those who were 
not legally eligible for appointment in the same grade and branch 
as their National Guard commissions under the previous law. 
These applications, for those officers who are now active, federally 
recognized National Guard officers, have been forwarded to The 
Adjutant General of the Army for appropriate action. No fur- 
ther applications from the officers concerned in this procedure are 
therefore necessary. 

7. The Militia Bureau believes that the best interests of the 
service require that each active federally recognized officer of the 
National Guard should be appointed in the Officers' Reserve Corps, 
the two commissions to be identical in grade and branch of the 
service. 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
- Chief, Militia Bureau. 



(Note — Special communication, together with blank forms, is now 
being prepared < and will be sent direct to officers concerned from 
this office. — Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

October 18, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 87. 
Subject : Preparation of Pay Rolls. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

1. Department and Corps Area Commanders, when examining 
and approving National Guard pay rolls for armory drill under 



[Bui. 10] 



6 



the provisions of Section II. paragraph 7, b, (4), of General 
Order No. 6, W. D., 1922, are requested to cause the following 
certificate ■ form to be placed in the body of each pay roll and sign- 
ed by some officer having knowledge of the facts : 

"I certify that the officers on this pay roll have 
successfully passed the examination conducted by a 
board as prescribed under the provisions of Section 
75 of the National Defense Act for the grades in 
which pay is claimed." 

2. Finance officers having paid claims of National Guard 
officers for armory drill pay on pay rolls not containing the cer- 
tificate mentioned in paragraph 1 hereof, are requested to obtain 
and file certificates in the following form with each pay roll in- 
volved : 

"I certify that the following officers have success- 
fully passed the examination conducted by a board as 
prescribed under the provisions of Section, 75, of the 
National Defense Act for the grades set opposite 
their names." 

Name. Grade. 



3. Department and Corps Area Commanders are requested to 
designate an officer having knowledge of the facts to prepare and 
accomplish the certificates mentioned in paragraph 2, and for- 
ward same to the finance officer concerned. 

4. United States Property and Disbursing Officers having paid 
claims of National Guard officers covering the fifteen day field 
training period for the current calendar year will take the action 
prescribed in paragraph 2 for finance officers but will obtain the 
certificates from the Adjutant General of the State or Territory. 

5. The foregoing provisions are tentative only and will be su- 
perseded when conditions admit of simplification. 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



By order of WILLIAM C. SPROUL, 

Governor of Pennsylvania. 
F. D. BEARY, 
The Adjutant General. 



Official : 



Adjutant. 



[Bui. 11] 



COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, 
THE ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S OFFICE, 

Harrisburg, Pa.. December 1, 1922. 

Bulletin 

No. it. 

1. Published herewith is communication of the Finance Officer, 
U. S. Army, Philadelphia, dated October 26, 1922, relative to over- 
payment of field officers, and in connection therewith is also 
published Finance Memorandum No. 87, dated Washington, D, C\ 
October 20, 1922: 

FINANCE DEPARTMENT, U. S. ARMY, 
Office of the Finance Officer, 
2620 Gray's Ferry Road, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

October 26, 1922. 

Subject ; Overpayment, Field Officers, P.N.G. 

To : Colonel Carl A. Martin, Inf., D. O. L., Senior-Instruct- 

or, Pennsylvania National Guard, Harrisburg, Pa. 

1. Under a recent decision of the Comptroller General, dated 
October 13, 1922, published in Finance Memorandum No. 87, Office, 
Chief of Finance, dated October 20, 1922, it appears that this 
office has overpaid all field officers $20.83, each, for Armory Drill 
pay during the fifteen day period they were in camp and drawing 
Federal pay. To quote from the decision ; the Comptroller General 
held in part as follows : 

"* * * That is, armory drill pay at the monthly or 
annual rate is not payable when not in an armory drill 
pay status, and the rate is subject to reduction for fail- 
ure to perform the prescribed units of service. 

"The statute prescribes a maximum rate of pay per 
month or per aunum, and the regulations prescribe the 
maximum amount and character of duty that must be 
performed to earn the maximum pay ; but the regulations 
may not change the statutory monthly or annual rate to 
a rate per drill or unit of service. It is urged the in- 
tention was that officers above the grade of captain not 
belonging to an organization should receive $500 a year 
exclusive of such time spent in encampments but the law 
as enacted does not so provide. It provides a rate of pay 
per year or per month and further provides that pay 
"shall not accrue to any officer during a period when he 
shall be lawfully entitled to the same pay as an officer 
of corresponding grade in the Regular Army.' " 

2. The same condition appears in the overpayment of captains 
and lieutenants not on duty with an organization. After an ex- 
amination of the rolls your office and the office of The Adjutant 
General, Pennsylvania National Guard, Harrisburg, Pa., will be 
informed of the amount of overpayment in each case. The follow- 
ing is a quotation from the decision referred to above insofar as 
relates to captains and lieutenants not on duty with an organi- 
zation : 



[Bui. 11] 



"•* * * One of the illustrations found in the correspon- 
dence is that of an officer of the class being considered 
(captains and lieutenants not on duty with an organiza- 
tion) who during a month performed all of the duties of 
service prescribed but who on the first and second days of 
the month was entitled to and received the full Federal 
pay of his grade; and it is stated that such an officer 
under thei decision of January 27, 1922, and the regula- 
tions, is entitled to three-fourths of the maximum pay, 
although he was in an armory drill pay status during 
28/30 of the month and performed all the service required 
for the entire month. This is incorrect. The officer is en- 
titled to 28/30 of the monthly armory drill pay of his 
grade. To illustrate ; take the case of a captain not be- 
longing to an organization who is entitled to 4/30 of the 
base pay of his grade per month for the satisfactory 
performance of his appropriate duty. His monthly pay 
is $26.67 and for the month during which he is in 
armory drill pay status (28 days) and performs all of 
the units of service prescribed during that month, he 
is entitled to 28/30 of his monthly pay, or $24.89. That 
is, armory drill pay at the monthly or annual rate is not 
payable when not in an armory drill pay status, and the 
rate is subject to reduction for failure to perform the 
prescribed units of service." 

3. This office is in receipt of onjy one copy of the memor- 
andum referred to above and as soon as additional copies are 
received your office will be furnished with a copy. 

S. B. McINTYRE, 
Finance Officer, U. S. A. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
Office of Chief of Finance, 
Washington. 

October 20. 1922. 

FINANCE MEMORANDUM NO. 87. 

Pay of National Guard Officers not belonging to Organizations. 
The following decision rendered by the Comptroller General of the 
United States under date of October 13, 1922, is published for the 
information and guidance of all concerned : 

"I have vour letter of August 22, 1922, requesting elaboration 
and application to particular cases of decision of January 27, 
1922, 1 Comp. Gen., 392. 

"It was held in that decision that the armory drill pay faxed 
by section 109 of the National Defense Act of June 3, 1916, as 
amended and reenacted by section 47 of the act of June 4, 1920, 
41 Stat . 783, for officers of the National Guard above the grade 
of captain and for officers below the grade of major not belong- 
ing to organizations for the satisfactory performance of the;r 
appropriatie duties accrued from day to day while the officer was 
in an armory drill pay status and that this pay was not payable 
for periods when the officer was lawfully entitled to the same pay. 
as an officer of corresponding grade in the Regular Army. 

"Such difficulty as there is in the matter seems to arise from a 
confusion of the provisions made for thei pay of this class of officers 
with the provision made for captains and lieutenants belonging to 
organizations. These latter (except a portion of the pay of 
captains commanding organizations) are paid for drills ; while 
the statute provides for the first mentioned class of officers pay 



3 



[Bui. 11] 



on an annual or monthly basis for the satisfactory performance 
of their appropriate duties under such regulations as the Secretary 
of Wo.t may prescribe. The confusion seems to be due to the 
regulations issued, which, for officers whose pay is fixed by statute 
on a montly or annual basis, have prescribed calculations to be 
made on both the basis of monthly or annual pay and on the 
basis of drills or units of duty performed. For example, sub- 
paragraphs c and d of paragraph ; 92S, National Guard Regula- 
tions, 1922, provide : 

"(c) Captains and lieutenants not belonging to organizations 
shall receive a compensation per month at the rate of four-thir- 
tieths of the monthly base pay of their grades as prescribed for the 
Regular Army, when they have satisfactorily performed the duties 
prescribed in these regulations. 

" 'Officers of this class are on a monthly basis and will be en- 
titled to their maximum pay, provided they have attended four 
drills, assemblies, or have satisfactorily performed the duties pre- 
scribed in these regulations for any month, except that such offi- 
cers are not entitled to drill pay for the time they are on duty in 
encampments or camps of instruction and receiving the same pay 
as officers of corresponding grades in the Regular Army. If the 
number attended during a calendar month is below four, they 
shall receive for each drill attended, or equivalent duty performed, 
one fourth of their monthly rate. 

"'(d) All officers above the grade of captain, whether be- 
longing to organizations or not, when they have satisfactorily per- 
formed the duties prescribed in these regulations, shall receive 
compensation at the rate of $500 per annum, except that such offi- 
cers are not entitled to drill pay for the time they are on duty 
in encampments or camps of instruction and receiving the same 
pay as officers of corresponding grades in the Regular Army. 

" 'For field officers of the line to secure full pay of $o00 per 
annum they must attend at the rate of 48 assemblies for drill and 
instruction or perform duty which is certified to by the Regular 
Army instructor as equivalent thereto while serving an entire cal- 
endar year. If the number attended during an entire calendar 
year is below 48, they shall receive §10.41-2/3 for each drill at- 
tended or equivalent duty performed. 



" 'Pay for services as outlined in this subparagraph for a period 
less than the full calendar and then current year will be based on 
the ratio that such period of actual service bears to the full cal- 
endar and then current year.' 

"Here is a recognition of the fact that the pay is on a monthly 
or annual basis if the officer performs the minimum services pre- 
scribed for the maximum pay ; but if the officer performs less than 
the prescribed minimum of services, provision is made for pay- 
ment as for drills. This establ : shes two bases of payment and one 
is not in conformity with the statute. The failure to perform the 
minimum of service prescribed changes the rate of pay, not the 
iasis of payment. See decision of September 5, 1922, to Lieut. 
Col. Chas. L. Lanham, where the matter is fully discussed. 

"The decision of September 5, 1922, seems to answer all of the 
questions presented by the correspondence accompanying your let- 
ter with the possible exception of the method of calculation where 
an officer is in an armory drill pay status for less than a full 
month. One of the illustrations found in the correspondence is 
that of an officer of the class being considered who during the month 
performed all of the duties of service prescribed but who on 
the first and second days of the month was entitled to and recei- 
ved the full Federal pay of his grade ; and it is stated that such 
an officer under the decision of January 27, 1922, and the regu- 



[Bui. 11] 



4 



lations, is entitled to three-fourths of the maximum pay, al- 
though he was in an armory drill pay status during 28/30 of the 
month and performed all the service required for the entire month. 
This is incorrect. The officer is entitled to 28/30 of the monthly 
armory drill pay of his grade. To illustrate ; take the case of a cap- 
tain not belonging to an organization who is entitled to 4/30 of 
the base pay of his grade per month for the satisfactory perform- 
ance of his appropriate duty. His monthly pay is $26.67 and for 
the month during which he is in an armory drill pay status (28) 
days) and performs all of the units of service prescribed during 
that month, he is entitled to 28/30 of his monthly pay, or $24.69. 
That is. armory drill pay at the monthly or annual rate is not pay- 
able when not in an armory drill pay status, and the rate is sub- 
ject to reduction for failure to perform the prescribed units of 
service. 

"The statute prescribes a maximum rate of pay per month or 
per annum, and the regulations prescribe the maximum amount 
and character of duty that must be performed to earn the maximum 
pay ; but the regulations may not change the statutory monthly 
or annual rate to a rate per drill or unit of service. It is urged 
the intention was that officers above the grade of captain not be- 
longing to an organization should receive $500 a year exclusive 
of such time spent in encampments but the law as enacted does not 
so provide. It provides a rate of pay per year or per month and 
further provides that that pay 'shall not accrue to any officer dur- 
ing a period when he shall be lawfully entitled to the same pay 
as an officer of corresponding grade in the Regular Army.' " 

KENZIE W. WALKER, 

Chief of Finance. 



2. Published herewith is communication of Headquarters, 
Third Corps Area, dated November 1, 1922, relative to National 
Guard payrolls : 

HEADQUATERS THIRD CORPS AREA, 
Office of the Corps Area Commander, 
Baltimore, Maryland. 

November 1, 1922. 

Subject : National Guard Payrolls. 

To : The Adjutant General of Pennsylvania, Harrisburg, 

Penna. 

In accordance with paragraph 3, Circular Letter, No. 87, War 
Department, Militia Bureau, dated October 18, 1922, the senior in- 
structors of the States (including the District of Columbia), un- 
der the jurisdiction of this corps area, are designated as the offi- 
cers to prepare and accomplish the certificates required for Na- 
tional Guard payrolls for their respective States as outlined in 
paragraph 2 of the Circular Letter referred to herein. 

By order of the Corps Area Commander : j 

R. C. LANGDON, 

Adjutant. 



5 



[Bui. 11] 



3. The following indorsement of the Militia Bureau is publish- 
ed for the information and guidance of all concerned : 

5th Ind. 



War Department, Militia Bureau, November 8, 1922. — To the 
Adjutant General of Pennsylvania. 

It is regretted that, because of the small appropriation made 
by Congress for this fiscal year for the compensation of help 
employed to care for material, animals and equipment issued the 
National Guard, it is impossible to provide a caretaker for service 
troops at the present time. It is hoped that a sufficient appro- 
priation will be provided by Congress for the next fiscal year to 
provide caretakers for the equipment issued to service troops. 

For the Chief of Bureau : 

SIGNED: CREED C. HAMMOND. 

Assistant. 



4. The following circular letters of the Militia Bureau are 
published for the information and guidance of all concerned : 

WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington 

October 24, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER No. 88. 

Subject : Changes in National Guard Regulations, 1922. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Colum- 
bia National Guard. 

The Secretary of War directs that the following changes in 
National Guard Regulations, 1922, be published for the information 
and guidance of all concerned : 

1007. In time of peace, the appointment of warrant 
officers in the National Guard, will be limited to band 
leaders. The band leader (warrant officer) of a Nation- 
al Guard regiment will be appointed by the governor of 
the State to which is allotted the service company of that 
regiment. Warrants will be issued by, or by order of, 
the appointing power, who will be the }ud9e of the pro- 
fesional qualifications of an applicant for appointment. 

1008. A band leader should be of such character and 
age as to be able properly to enforce discipline in the 
band section of the service company. Unless especially 
authorized by the Militia Bureau, for reasons duly pre- 
sented and considered, no band leader will be federally 
recognized who is less than 25 or more than 50 years of 
age at the time of original appointment. 

1008A. The appointments of warrant officers are ter- 
minated (1) by death; (2) when they reach the age of 67/ 
years; (3) by discharge for physical disability on recom- 
mendation of a board of Medical officers; (4) Upon re- 
ceipt by them of notification of acceptance by proper au- 
thority of resignation; (5) by discharge upon recommend- 



[Bui. 11] 



6 



ation of an efficiency board; (6) when dropped from the 
rolls for an absence without leave for three months; (7) 
on sentence of imprisonment by a, civil court, whether 
suspended or not; (8) by dismissal pursuant to sentence 
of a court-martial. 

1009. The moral character, capacity and general 
fitness for the service of a warrant officer may, at any 
time, be determined by an efficiency board of three com- 
missioned officers. This board will be similarly consti- 
tuted, and will have the same powers, as the board pro- 
vided for in paragraph 294. 

1010. Application for Federal recognition of a band 
leader (loarrunt officer) xoiU be made by the Adjutant 
General of the State direct to the Militia Bureau. The 
application will be in the same form as that prescribed 
in the case of commissioned officers and will be accom- 
panied by the papers listed in paragraph 213. 

E. J. Williams, 
Executive, for and in the absence 
of the Chief, Militia Bureau. 



(NOTE — Commanding: Officers of organizations having Bands will 
toward recommendation to the Division Commander, through chan- 
nels, for the appointment of warrant officers in like manner as 
recommendations are now forwarded for commissioned officers. In 
forwarding recommendations for appointment of warrant officers 
(Band leaders only) full statement of record of service will be 
given.— Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
Militia Bureau 
Washington 

October 25, 1922 

CIRCULAR LETTER No. S9. 

Subject : Amendment to National Guard Regulations. 

To : The Adjutants General and United States Property and 

Disbursing Officers of all States, Territories of 
Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Colum- 
bia National Guard. 

In order that the Finance Officers of the several Corps Areas 
may be supplied with necessary information to enable them to au- 
dit the organization, equipment record of the various National 
Guard organizations as contemplated by paragraphs 903 and 906 
of the National Guard Regulations. 1922, paragraphs 830 and 833 
of the regulations cited are amended to read as follows : 

"830. Where property is to be shipped by a proper- 
ty and disbursing officer to an organization, or by an or- 
ganization commander to a property and disbursing officer, 
four copies of shipping ticket, Q.M.C. Form No. 260, shall 
be prepared and routed as follows : 

2 copies to consignee. 
1 copy to Corps Area Finance Officer. 
1 copy filed as a temporary voucher to property re- 
cords of the shipper. 



7 



[Bui. 11] 



"833. Where property is shipped or transferred from 
one organization to another, six copies of shipping ticket 
Q.M.C. Form 260, shall be prepared and routed as fol- 
lows : 

3 copies to consignee. 

1 copy to property and disbursing officer. 
1 copy to Corps Area Finance Officer. 
1 copy fiied as a temporary voucher to the organ- 
ization equipment record of shipper." 

E. J. WILLIAMS, 
Executive, for and in the absence 
of the Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington. 

October 27, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER No. 90. 

Subject : Changes in National Guard Regulations. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Colum- 
bia National Guard. 

The Secretary of War directs that the following additional Par- 
agraph be incorporated in National Guard Regulations : 

2091. In time of peace, the following classes of former 
Regular Army officers are not considered eligible for Fed- 
eral recognition as officers in the National Guard ; dis- 
missed ; resigned for the good of the service ; dropped 
from the rolls ; retired or discharged under Section 24b, 
National Defense Act ; discharged for failure to pass ex- 
aminations for promotions or to have provisional ap- 
pointment made permanent ; wholly retired. No officer 
retired for physical disability will be considered eligible 
for Federal recognition as an officer of the National 
Guard, unless a board of three officers of the Medical 
Corps of the Regular Army, or the National Guard, or 
both, appointed by the Corps Area Commander, shall find 
that the physical disability for which the officer was re- 
tirel has been entirely removed, and that no other phys- 
ical disability exists. Officers retired for reasons other 
than the above, may, if otherwise qualified, be extend- 
ed Federal Recognition as officers of the National Guard. 

E. J. WILLIAMS, 
Executive, for and in the absence of 
The Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
Militia Bureau 
WASHINGTON 

October 28, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER No. 91. 

Subject : Expenses of Enlisted men of the Regular Army on 
duty with the Nantional Guard. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 



[Bui. 11] 



8 



Militia, and the Property and Disbursing Officers of 
the several States. 

1. Attention is invited to the provisions of Section 3 of the 
Act of Congress approved September 22, 1922, amending Section 
67 of the act of June 3, 1916, as amended by the act of June 4, 
1920, which provides in part as follows: 

"***For expenses of enlisted men of the Regular 
Army on duty with the National Guard, including an al- 
lowance for quarters and subsistence provided in Sec- 
tion 11 of the Pay Readjustment Act of June 16, 1922, 
medicine and medical attendance ; and such expenses 
which constitute a charge against the whole sum an- 
nually appropriated for the support of the National 
Guard and shall be paid therefrom and not from the 
allotment duly apportioned to any particular State, Ter- 
ritory or the District of Columbia". 

2. This provision of law calls for the subsistence accounts of 
Sergeant-Instructors on duty with the National Guard to be paid 
from National Guard appropriations on and after September 22, 
1922. These accounts will be paid by the Property and Disburs- 
ing Officers of the various States. 

3. The vouchers covering payments will be made out on War 
Department Form No. 369, the rate of subsistence allowance will 
be as prescribed in War Department Bulletin No. 13, 1922, that 
is, $1.20 per day. 

4. It will not be necessary for the Property and Disbursing 
Officers to request a reservation of funds on the books of this 
Bureau, as such reservation has been made to cover the remain- 
der of the fiscal year 1923. The Amount required to meet this 
expense should be included in the regular monthly request for 
funds. 

E. J. WILLIAMS, 

Executive, for and in- the absence of the 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

October 30, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 92. 

Subject : Scheme for keeping harness in stables of Field Artil- 
lery Units. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii ond Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

1. The following extract from a Quarterly Report of Captain 
G. A. Greaves, Field Artillery, Instructor with the Virginia 
National Guard, is quoted : 

"A very noticeable improvement in the internal ar- 
rangement of the stables of Battery "B" has recently 
been installed. Hitherto the harness was kept in a 
harness room, and each time a driver harnessed and un- 
harnessed his pair he was compelled to carry the harness 



9 



[Bui. 11] 



some distance with the consequent dragging of straps and 
the entantling of certain parts. The battery commander, 
Captain William H. Sands of Norfolk, Va., had for some 
time looked with disfavor upon this system, but as the 
space for harness pegs, or heel posts, was too limited to 
permit of these being placed near the stalls, he recently 
conceived the idea of having a heel post that could move 
on a vertical track, so that the harness could be hoisted 
into the ceiling, thus keeping the passage way clear. 
Accordingly heel posts were so constructed that by means 
of a rope, a double block and a single block the harness 
could be elevated so as to clear the way for passing 
horses. After some experiment the new system was per- 
fected. The drivers stand to heel. A command is given 
and the rope is released, causing the harness to descend 
from the ceiling slowly to a convenient height. The 
driver proceeds to harness his pairf in the stall, which is 
well lighted by large reflectors in the ceiling, and as 
soon as the harness is removed from the heel post, he 
pulls the rope causing the heel post to ascend, thus 
clearing the pass way so that horses may pass freely 
without danger of striking the heel posts. This system 
has been in operation for two weeks and promises to be 
a great success. The harness is protected from dust by 
the usual harness cover. Photographs of this device are 
inclosed herewith. By the use of this arrangement, the 
greatest evil of harnessing with the harness room system 
is done away with ; namely, of mixing the harness and 
putting the wrong harness on a horse, thus making neces- 
sary an additional adjustment of straps. For unless 
the supervision is exceptionally vigilant, a National 
Guard recruit will not see the necessity of being careful 
of the fitting, and to save time he will inadvertently 
grab a part of another driver's harness without looking 
at the printed sign on the harness peg. It is belived that 
this device will prove a great help to battery command- 
ers whose stable space is limited, and it is strongly re- 
commended that this system be considered by those who 
have difficulties similar to those mentioned above. Speci- 
fications for the construction of this device can be ob- 
tained from the Commanding Officer, Battery "B", 111th 
Field Artillery, Norfolk, Va. Its adoption where feas- 
ible is highly recommended." 

2. It is regretted that the pictures accompanying the report 
cannot be published, because they give a very clear idea of just 
how this scheme works. They also show an exceedingly well kept 
and attractive looking stable. 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

October 31, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER No. 93. 

Subject : Additional Allowances for Specialists Ratings. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 



[Bui. 11] 



10 



Militia and the Property and Disbursing Officers of the 
several States. 

1. This Bureau, having requested the Comptroller General to 
review his former decision to the effect that enlisted men of the 
National Guard of the 6th and 7th grades were not entitled to 
additional pay when rated as specialists, is in receipt of a com- 
munication under date of October 11, 1922, in which he reiterates 
his former decision and holds as follows : 

"The National Guard when not in Federal service is 
entitlel to pay under the provision of Sections 94 and 97 
of the Act of June 3, 1916, that is, base pay of grade 
stripped of all additions accruing to a member of the 
Regular Army by reason of length of service, special 
qualifications, rating, etc., and that it is a well settled fact 
that a specialists rating is not a grade." 

Also that, 

"Section 14 of the act of June 10, 1922, 42 Stat., 632, so far 
as here material provides : 

'On and after July 1, 1922, * * * the pay of enlisted 
men of the National Guard of the sixth and seventh 
grades shall be $1.15 and $1.00 per day, respectively, 
whenever they are participating in exercises provided 
for by sections 94, G7 and 99 of the National Defense 
Act, approved June 3, 1916.' 

On and after July 1, 1922, this provision of law fixes the en- 
tire and complete pay of enlisted men of the National Guard of 
the 6th and 7th grades when entitled to pay under sections 94, 
97 and 99 of the National Defense Act, and the pay so fixed may 
not be increased or supplemented notwithstanding the enlisted men 
of those grades may have been rated as specialists. Your ques- 
tion is answered accordingly." 

2. From the above it will be noted that any payments of ad- 
ditional compensation made to enlisted men of these grades under 
their specialists rating are illegal and will result in suspension 
by the General Accounting Office. 

3. It is suggested that the Property and Disbursing Officers 
of the several States and Territories, who have made such pay- 
ments, take the necessary steps to secure a refund from the men 
involved. After every effort has been made to collect these over- 
payments it is requested that a report be submitted to this Bur- 
eau showing the names of any enlisted men of the sixth and 
seventh grades who received these overpayments and from whom 
it is found impossible to make collection, together with a detailed 
statement of the amounts and dates of such overpayments and the 
reasons why collection could not be made in each instance. 

E. J. WILLIAMS, 
Etfccviice, for and in the absence of ihe 

Chief, Militia Bureau. 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

November 6, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 94. 

Subject. Issuance of Transportation Requests. 

To : The Property and Disbursing Officers of all States, 

Territories of Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District 

of Columbia National Guard. 



11 



[Bui. 11] 



1. Attention is invited to paragraph 12, General Orders No. 35, 
War Department, July 30, 1921, and to paragraph 12. General 
Orders No. 25, War Department, June 15, 1922, which provides 
that the memorandum copy of each transportation request and 
of each bill of lading issued will be furnished to the Finance 
Officer, U. S. Army, Transportation Branch, as soon as issued. 

2. The Militia Bureau is in receipt of numerous complaints from 
the Chief of Finance to the effect that the U. S. Property and Dis- 
bursing Officers of the various States are not complying with these 
instructions, and in order that these matters may be handled 
properly and expediously in the future it is desired that the Pro- 
perty and Disbursing Officers familiarize themselves with the in- 
structions contained in the General Orders referred to. 

3. It is also requested that memorandum copies of all trans- 
portation requests issued to date and not forwarded, be transmitt- 
ed promptly to the Army Finance Officer, Transportation Branch. 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

Novemebr 7, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 95. 

Subject : Longevity Pay, National Guard Officer. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

The question as to whether a National Guard officer when 
authorized by law to receive Federal pay, would be entitled in 
computing the increase of pay for each period of three years under 
Section 3 of the Act approved June 10, 1922, to claim credit for 
services as a commissioned officer in the State service of the Or- 
ganized Militia prior to January 21, 1903, having been submitted 
to the Comptroller General for a decision, the following is fur- 
nished for the information and guidance of all concerned : 

The Comptroller General holds that "a national Guard officer 
when authorized to receive Federal pay for the purpose of Sec- 
tion 3 of the Act of June 10, 1922, may be credited with com- 
missioned service in the Organized Militia as it existed prior to 
January 21, 1903, upon the existence of the particular organized 
militia in which he held the commission being established and of 
the commissioned service therein as heretofore indicated." 

GEO. C. RICKARDS. 

Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

November 11, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 96. 

Subject : Revision in National Guard Regulations, 1922. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Coumbia 
National Guard. 



[Bui. 11] 



12 



The Secretary of War directs that the following changes in 
National Guard Regulations, 1922, be published for the informa- 
tion and guidance of all concerned : 

M. CHAPLAINS. 

292. "(e) In Addition to the general qualifications 
for appointment a candiate for original appointment as 
chaplain must be duly accredited by some religious de- 
nomination or organization and of good standing therein ; 
he must be recommended for appointment by some author- 
ized ecclesiastical body or by not fewer than three accre- 
dited ministers ; he must have had tioo year's practical 
experience as a clergyman." 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

November 16, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 97. 

Subject: Commutation of Quarters to National Guard Officers. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
National Guard. 

1. The question as to whether or not National Guard officers 
were entitled to commutation quarters while in attendance at 
encampments or military service schools having been submitted 
to the Comptroller General of the United States for a decision, 
the following information is furnished for the guidance of all 
concerned. 

2. With regard to commutation of quarters while in attend- 
ance at encampments, the Comptroller General held that : 

"The basis of the claim for rental allowance is that 
the officer was on field duty. Section 94, quoted, indi- 
cates the purpose of the encampments therein authorized 
is "for * * * field instruction." Encampments probably 
simulate field conditions for the purpose of training, but 
the statute requires field duty; and the training here in 
question is not field duty within the meaning of section 6. 
See in this connection decision of September 29, 1922, 

2 Comp. Gen., , case of Major Hazeltine, O. R. C, 

copy attached, and decision of same date, 2 Comp. Gen., 

, to Captain Melvin Jones, case of Captain Kemph, 

O. R. C. 

"Accordingly, you are informed that rental allowance 
for dependents is not payable to officers of the Nation- 
al Guard while in attendance at the fifteen days' annual 
encampment, such encampments not being field duty with- 
in the meaning of section 6 of the act of June 10, 1922" 

3. With regard to commutation of quarters while in attend- 
ance at military service schools, the Comptroller General held 
that: 

"The rental allowance granted by section G of the 
act of June 10, 1922, is an allowance, payable only" if 



13 [Bui. 11] 

oublic quarters are not available." It therefore cannot 
be definitely said whether officers of the National Guard 
attending a particular service school are or are not en- 
titled to rental allowance unless the circumstances of 
availability of quarters there is shown. 

"The furnishing of quarters to an officer at his 
station, adequate for the service upon which engaged, 
is a furnishing of public quarters, and there is no 
right to rental allowance should the quarters so fur- 
nished be insufficient to house the officer's dependents. 
2 Comp. Gen. 47. 

"The attendance at service schools is duty at a sta- 
tion for purposes of rental allowance and absence from 
home is not absence from a permanent station within the 
meaning of section 6 because his home is not a military 
station, and hence the absence from home is not within 
the provisions of section 6 that the rental allowance 
shall accrue while an officer is on temporary duty away 
from his permanent station. 

"It is assumed that at all service schools quarters 
for all student officers are available and are adequate 
for the service upon which the student officer is engaged. 
If this assumption is correct, you are informed that 
officers of the National Guard attending service schools 
are not entitled to the rental allowance." 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

November 17, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 98. 

Subject : Changes in National Guard Regulations, 1922. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Coumbia 
National Guard. 

The Secretary of War directs that the following change in 
paragraph 206, National Guard Regulations, 1922, and added 
paragraph 206A, be published for the information and guidance 
of all concerned : 

206. Annual Physical Examinations. Every officer 
of the National Guard shall be examined physically at 
least once during the calendar year. Any officer who has 
not previously been given a physical examination during 
the year will, during the month of December, be ordered to 
appear for such examination. The physical examination 
will be made by an officer of the Medical Corps, Regular 
Army or National Guard, or if such an officer is not 
available, then by an officer of the Medical Section, 
Officers' Reserve Corps, or by an officer of the Medical 
Corps, National Guard Reserve. The remit of the ex- 
amination will be recorded on the prescribed form and 
all defects, whether disqualifying or not, will be care- 
fully recorded. In case of disqualification for active mili- 
tary service, the causes therefor will be fully set forth. 
Reports of physical examination, unless specifically other- 
wise prescribed will be forwarded to the Adjutant Gen- 



[Bui. 11] 



14 



eral of the State, who will forward them to the Chief, 
Militia Bureau, with a statement of any action that has 
been or will be taken in the case. 

208i. Efficiency reports. On December 31st of each 
year, an efficiency report will be rendered on each officer 
of the National Guard. The report ivill be rendered on 
the prescribed blank form (Militia Bureau Form No. 
118) and in accordance with the printed instructions 
thereon.. 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General.' 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 

(NOTE — Circular letter, together with blank form, is now being 
forwarded to each officer who has not been physically examined 
for the calendar year 1922. — Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU. 
Washington. 

November 18, 1022. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 99. 

Subject: Service caps to be issued National Guard. 

To : The Adjutants General and United States Property 

and Disbursing Officer of all States, Territories of 
Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia 
Militia, and the Commanding Officers of all Corps 
Areas. 

The Quartermaster General of the Army has advised this office 
that there are 165,000 service caps available for free issue to the 
National Guard. States desiring any of these caps should submit 
requisitions for them to their respective corps area commanders 
at the earliest date practicable. 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



(NOTE — Instructions have been issued to organization command- 
ers to make requisition direct to the U. S. P. & D. Officer. — 
Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

November 21, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 100. 
Subject: Efficiency Reports 1922. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia. 
National Guard. 

1. Paragraph 206i, National Guard Regulations, 1922, reads 
as follows : 

"Efficiency Reports. On December 31st of each year, 
an efficiency report will be rendered on each officer of 



15 



[Bui. 11] 



the National Guard. The report will be rendered on the 
prescribed blank form (Militia Bureau Form No. 118) 
and in accordance with the printed instructions thereon." 

2. The instructions on the new Form No. 118, M. B., require 
that this report be prepared by the officer's immediate military 
superior, on December 31st of each year, and forwarded in turn 
through the officer of the Regular Army on duty as Instructor 
with the organization, the next military superior of the reporting 
officer, through Military channels to the Adjutant General of the 
State, and the Corps Areai Commander to the Militia Bureau. 
The instructions on the form prescribe the action to be taken by 
each officer concerned. 
» 3. With respect to the instructions of Paragraph (g) on 

Form No. 118, M. B., edition of September 1, 1922, efficiency re- 
ports will be required on December 31, 1922, only for each officer 
of the National Guard whose records clearly show that m> effici- 
ency report has been rendered on that officer during the calendar 
year. No report need be submitted on an officer if one has been 
rendered during 1922, unless, in the opinion of the reporting 
officer, special circumstances render such action advisable. It 
is also to be noted that no report is required in the case of an 
officer who on December 31st has been in the service less than 
one month. 

4. A limited supply of Militia Bureau Forms No. 118, edi- 
tion of September 1, 1922, will be forwarded to each State head- 
quarters under separate cover. 

GEO. C. RICKARDS. 

Major Genera!, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU. 
Washington. 

November 22, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 101. 

Subject : Armory Drill Pay Rolls for the period October 1 to 
December 31, 1922. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia. 

1. The pay rolls for armory drills for the period October 
1 to December 31, 1922, should show under the heading "Re- 
marks" opposite the name of each man carried thereon, a state- 
ment of the total number of drills attended and for which pay- 
ment was received from January 1 to September 30, 1922, in 
order that it may be determined whether payment on the roll 
for the last quarter of the present calendar year will exceed the 
maximum of sixty (60) drills per year authorized by law. For 
instance, if the rolls for the first nine months show that Private 
John Doe received pay for 48 drills during the period and the 
rolls for the fourth quarter include payment for this soldier for 
13 drills, the account would be suspended by the General Ac- 
counting Office. 

2. In order to avoid such suspens'ons it is absolutely neces- 
sary that the number of drills paid for be shown as requested 
above. 

3. In this connection attention is invited to paragraph 920, 
subparagraphs (3) and (f), National Guard Regulations, 1922. 



[Bui. 11] 



16 



4. The above instructions apply to the old form of pay roll, 
but on the new pay roll forms there is a column with the head- 
ing "Number of drills paid for in previous period or periods", 
which should be used to show this information. 

GEO. G. RICKARDS, 

Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT. 
MILITIA BUREAU, 
Washington. 

November 23, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 102. 

Subject: Armory Drill Pay of Battalion Staff Officers when 
actually in command of organization. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of 

Hawaii and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia 
Militia. 

1. The question as to whether a battalion adjutant command- 
ing an Infantry battalion headquarters company was entitled to 
be paid as an "officer not belonging to an organization" or as an 
"officer belonging to an organization" having been requested of 
the Comptroller General, the following information is furnished 
for the guidance of all concerned. 

2. The Comptroller General holds that : 

"The battalion adjutant is a battalion staff officer, 
and it is by reason of that assignment that he takes com- 
mand of the headquarters company. He does not "be- 
long" to the headquarters company but to the battalion 
headquarters, composed of himself and the battalion com- 
mander. As an officer "not belonging to an organiza- 
tion", 1 Comp. Gen., 392, 394, section 109 provides that 
he "shall receive not more than four-thirtieths of the 
monthly base pay of" his grade, etc. Being in com- 
mand of the battalion headquarters company by reason 
of being the battalion adjutant, he has administrative 
duties with respect to the company, and the $240 provid- 
ed by the quoted portion of section 14 of the act of June 
10, 1922, being in addition to the pay, generally, pro- 
vided by section 109, and not being limited as is the $240 
provided in section 109 for captains commanding organi- 
zations in addition to the drill pay therein prescribed, it 
follows that the battalion staff officer in command of the 
battalion headquarters company is also entitled to the 
additional pay provided for commanding an organization 
less than a brigade having administrative functions. 

"Accordingly you are informed that the battalion ad- 
jutant should be paid as an officer not belonging to an 
organization under section 109 of the National Defense 
Act and if actually in command of the battalion head- 
quarters company, he may be paid in addition thereto, 
under section 14 of the act of June 10, 1922, the ad- 
ditional pay therein provided for certain officers when 
in command of organizations less than a brigade having 
administrative functions." 

GEO. C. RICKARDS, 

Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



17 



[Bui. 11] 



5. The following is a revised list of officers and enlisted men of 
the U. S. Army now on duty as Instructors and Sergeant Instruct- 
ors : 



LIST OF INSTRUCTOR AND SERGEANT-INSTRUCTOR, 
ON DUTY WITH THE PENNSYLVANIA NATIONAL 
GUARD, AS OF NOVEMBER 30th 1922. 

Col. C. A. Martin, Inf. (DOL) Senior Instructor. Masonic Temple, 
Harrisburg, Pa. 

Lt. Col. Arthur L. Bump, Inf. (DOL) 111th Inf. Armory 32 & 
* Lancaster, Phila., Pa. 

Lt. Col. W. N. Bispham, M. C. (DOL) Sr. Instr. Medical 32 

& Lancaster, Phila., Pa. 
Lt. Col. R. B. Ellis, Cav. Sr. Instr. Cav. (DOL) 32 & Lancaster, 

Phila., Pa. 

Major Paul D. Bunker, C. A. C. (DOL) 213th, F. A. 2510 Chew 

St., Allentown, Pa. 
Major R. H. Jacob, Inf. (DOL) 112th Inf. c/o Erie Board of 

Commerce, Erie, Pa. 
Major H. C. Vaderveer, F. A. (DOL) Sr. Instr. F. A. 109th, 

F. A., Wilkes-Barre, Pa., Box 273. 
Major Herbert C. Clarkson, F. A. (DOL) 107th F. A., Hunt 

Armory, Emerson St. Pittsburgh, Penna. 
Major Raymond F. Fowler, C. E. (DOL.) Sr. Instr. Engr's Ar- 
mory Broad & Diamond St., PhiladelDhia, Penna. 
Capt. Wade W. Rhein, C. A. C. D. O. L. 213th C. A. C. A-A. 

1232 Chew St., Allentown, Pa. 
Capt. Glenn L. Allen, Inf. (DOL) 111th Inf. Armory Bd. & 

Wharton, Phila. Pa. 
Capt. Bartholomew R. DeGraff, Inf. (DOL) 112th Inf. 

Butler, Penna. 

Capt. Charles Deahl, Jr. Inf. (DOL) 110th Inf. Altoona, Pa.. 
Box No. 272. 

Capt. Arthur Floyd, Inf. (DOL) 111th Inf. Armory, Bd. & Whar- 
ton, Phila., Pa. 

Capt. Russel T. George. Cav. (DOL) 52nd M. G. Squad. Belle- 

fonte, Pa., Box No. 754. 
Capt. Horace Harding, F. A. (DOL) 107th, F. A. Hunt Armory, 

Emerson St.. Pgh., Pa. 
Capt. Robert W. King, Q. M. C. (DOL) State Arsenal, Harrisburg, 

Penna. 

> Capt. Maurice L. Miller, Inf. (DOL) 109th, Inf. Armory, Scran- 

ton, Penna. 

Capt. Otis Porter, Cav. (DOL) 104th Cav. Cotterel-Ebner Bldg., 
Harrisburg, Pa. 

Capt. J. A. Pickering, F. A. (DOL) 108th F. A., Armory, Bd. & 

Diamond Sts., Phila.. Pa. 
Capt. Theo. W. Sidman, Inf. (DOL) 55th Inf. Brigade Hq. Co. 

& Miscl. Troops, Masonic Temple, Harrisburg, Pa. 
1st Lieut. Cecil J. Gridley, Inf. D. O. L., 112th Inf., 727 West 8th 

St., Erie, Pa. 

Tech. Sgt. Jonas F. Bitterman, Q. M. C, State Arsenal, Harris- 
burg, Pa. 

Tech. Sgt. Michael J. Donoghue, Inf., Armory, Bd. & Wharton 
Sts., Phila., Pa. 

Tech. Sgt. Jesse Maxey, F. A., Armory, Pine St., Williamsport, 

Pa. 

Staff. Sgt. Benjamin Jacobowitz, Inf., 121 Erie Ave., Grove City, 
Pa. 

Staff. Sgt. Ira Partin, Inf., Masonic Temple, Harrisburg, Pa. 



IBul. 11] 



IS 



Sgt. John J. Boyle, Inf., Armory, Bd. & Wharton Sts., Phila., 
Pa. 

Sgt. Edie Conrad, Inf., Masonic Temple, Harrisburg, Pa. 
Sgt. Kenneth G. Corsan, Inf., Masonic Temple, Harrisburg, Pa. 
Sgt. George H. Dreyer, Inf., 13 South 4th St., Lebanon, Pa. 
Sgt. Thomas H. Duby, Inf., Box 414, Kane, Pa. 
Sgt. Charles F. Elsesser, Inf., 148 West 5th St., Erie, Pa. 
Sgt. Alonzo E. Flowers, Inf., 13th Regiment Armory, Scranton, 
Pa. 

Sgt. Harry A. Frankhouser, Inf., 407 Crawford Ave., Altoona, 
Pa. 

Sgt. Harry Kasowitz, Inf., 322 Cherry St., Norristown, Pa. 
Sgt. David E. Lane, Inf., 377 Union St., Allentown, Pa., 
Sgt. Richard P. Murtha, Inf., 909 Ninth Ave., New Brighton, 
Pa. 

Sgt. Walter M. Oates, Inf., Box 234, Washington, Pa. 
Sgt. Robert B. Peterman, Inf., 316 Bowman St., Wilkes-Barre, 
Pa. 

Sgt. Gustave Schoeing, Inf., Armory, Bd. & Wharton Sts., Phila., 
Pa. 

Sgt. Peter L. Viola, Inf., 463 Main St., So. Williamsport, Pa. 
Sgt. Joseph A. Cooley, F. A., Armory, Bayard & Thackery Sts., 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Sgt. Patrick J. Horan, F. A., Armory, Emerson St., Pittsburgh, 
Pa. 

Sgt. Paul R. Jeschon, F. A., Box 273, Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Sgt. Frederick W. Melin, F. A. Armory, Bd. & Diamond Sts., 
Phila., Pa. 

Sgt. Irwin A. Lex, F. A., Armory, Bd. & Diamond Sts., Phila., Pa. 
Sgt. James Sproul, F. A., Armory Emerson St., Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Sgt. Robert Stanley, F. A., Armory, Bayard & Thackery Sts., 
Pittsburgh, Pa., 

Sgt. William F. Wellner, F. A., Box 273, Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Sgt. Thomas L. Wurster, 30 North 18th St., Harrisburg, Pa., 

(F. A.) 

Tech. Sgt. John Slider, Cav. Armory, 32nd & Lancaster Ave., 
Phila., Pa. 

Sgt. Marvin L. Kafer, Cav., Armory, 32nd & Lancaster Ave., 
Phila., Pa. 

Sgt. Lushion Darrah, Cav., Room 310, Cotterel-Ebner Bldg., 

Harrisburg, Pa. 
Sgt. Robert H. Steltz, Cav., Armory, Bellefonte, Pa. 
Sgt. Walter E. Greene, Cav., Armory, Tyrone, Pa. 
Sgt. Elda L. Phipps, CAC, Armory, Allentown, Pa. 
Sgt. Evan D. Latta, S. C, Armory, Penn Ave & Station Sts., 

Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Sgt. Dewey M. Hipp, M. C, Armory, 32nd & Lancaster Ave., 
Phila., Pa. 

Sgt. Jndd Johnson, C. E., Armory, Bd. & Callowhill Sts.. Phila., 
Pa. 

By order of WILLIAM C. SPROUL, 

Governor of Pennsylvania. 

F. D. BEARY, 
The Adjutant general. 

Official : 



Adjutant. 



[Bui. 12. | 



COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, 

THE ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE. 

Harrisburg, Pa.. December SO, 1922. 

Bulletin j 
No. 12. ) 

1. In returning undelivered drill chucks to the Finance officer. Thin I 
Corps Area, the following indorsement was received in acknowledgment, 
which contains valuable information and instructions that should be care- 
fully observed by all unit commanders : 

2nd Ind. 

Office of the Finance Officer. Third Corps Area, Baltimore, Maryland, 
December 28, 1922. to The Adjutant General. State of Pennsylvania. Harris- 
burg, Penna. 

1. Receipt of checks listed in basic communication is acknowledged and 
same have been forwarded to the proper disbursing officers. 

2. Attention is invited to the fact that the first seven checks listed were 
issued on September 1. 1921. the next seventeen checks were issued on 
March 11, 1922, and the remaining two checks on July 27, 1922. It is 
requested that the Battery Commander's attention be invited to the provisions 
of paragraph 923, National Guard Regulations. 1922, reading- in part, 
as follows : 

" * * * Checks which cannot be delivered to a member of the Na- 
tional Guard within thirty days from the date of receipt by an or- 
ganization commander will be returned by him, through the adjutant 
general of the State, to the finance officer of the Finance Depart- 
ment who issued said check, with a letter of transmittal stating the 
reason for non-delivery." 
If would be appreciated if organization commanders would return morp 
promptly checks which cannot be delivered, thus complying with the re- 
gulations above cited and facilitating; the work of disbursing officers. 

R. S. Offley 
J'inaiicc Officer. 



2. Information contained in indorsement herewith is published to com- 
plete tables of organization : 

2nd Ind. 

War Department, Militia Bureau, December 29, 1922 - To The Adjutant 
General of Pennsylvania. 

1. Paragraph 2 of 4th Indorsement dated October 5. 1922. from this 
Bureau to your office regarding the Military Police Company, 28th Division, 
is amended to read as follows: 

"2. The appointment of the additional officers prescribed in 
table of organization 5-W will be made as follows : When the 
additional strength reaches 75 enlisted men, one additional officer 
may be appointed (captain, 1st lieutenant or 2nd lieutenant) , where 
the strength reaches 100 enlisted men, a second additional officer 
and at a strength of 125 enlisted men, the third additional officer, 
which would give the full .complement of officers, one captain, two 
first lieutenants and two second lieutenants, as provided in table of 
organization 5-W." 

2. The Secretary of War, therefore, authorizes the promotion of 1st 
Lieutenant — — — to the grade of captain as requested in basic com- 
munication, 

Geo. C. Rickaids, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militiq Bureau. 



Bui. 12] 



2 



3. The following information relative to forage and quarters for private 
mounts is published for information of all concerned : 

4th Ind. 

War Department, Militia Bureau, December 6, 1922. - To: The Adjutant 
General of Pennsylvania. 

1. There is no objection to keeping animals owned by the organization 
or by members of the organization in the same stables with Government 
owned animals, provided their is sufficient room and that the Government 
animals will not be crowded ; also, that no Federal funds are used for their 
care or forage. Receipted bills for the caretakers employed and for the 
forage bought for the privately owned animals should be kept by the organi- 
zation, so (hat there can be no question with regard to the use of Federal 
funds for the care and maintenance of these horses. 

2. Paragraph 948, National Guard Regulations, provides that the organi- «, 
zation owned animals may be eared for and foraged at Federal expense. 
However, none are being accepted for Federal care at the present time, due 

to the limited appropriations made for the fiscal year 1923. Animals owned 
by members of an organization cannot at any time be cared for and foraged 
at Federal expense. 

For the Chief of Bureau. 

Creed C. Hammond. 

Assistant. 



4. The following indorsement of the Militia Bureau relative to pay of 
officers on account of drills is published for the information of all concerned : 

2nd Ind. 

War Dept., Militia Bureau . Nov. 15, 1922 - To the Adjutant General 
of Pennsylvania. 

1. The Comptroller General under date of February 24. 1922. 
held that an officer in the National Guard is not entitled to drill 
pay for drills attended during the period the enlisted strength of 
his company falls below the minimum required for Federal recogni- 
tion. Therefore, it would appear that if the total number of men 
enrolled in the organization falls below the number required 
for Federal recognition the officer can not be paid for armory drills 
for the period during which the actual strenght of the organization 
is below that required for Federal l-ecognition. 

2. This ruling of the Comptroller General applies with equal 
force to the payment of the §240 per year allowed for officers be- 
longing to organizations ; that is, the maintenance of an organi- 
zation at an actual strength of not less than the minimum required 
for Federal recognition is a condition precedent to the officer's right 
to receive the additional compensation at the rate of $240 per year 
for the period for which he claims such pay. 

For the Chief of Bureau: 

Creed C. Hammond, 

Assistant. 



5. The following communication of the Militia Bureau is published for 
the information of all concerned : 

WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
WASHINGTON. 

December 21, 1922. 

Subject: Personnel of Tactical and State Staffs. .. 
To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of Hawaii and 

Porto Rico, and the District of Columbia National Guard. 
1 The following War Department policy with reference to the above 



3 



[Bui. 12] 



subject is published for the information and guidance of all concerned : 
War Department, A. G. O., November 19, 1922— To the Chief of 
the Militia Bureau. 

2. So far as may be found desirable to do so, division and other 
headquarters, including the staffs thereof, may be distributed among 
the several States whose troops are included in the division of other 
unit. Any change in the present approved War Department allot- 
ments of headquarters of division or other units not entirely com- 
prised within a State should be made through and in cooperation 
with corps area commanders. The selection of officers for assign- 
ment to such staffs should be based purely on fitness for the position 
to which assigned. 

3. The instructions to corps area commanders relative to "Al- 
lotment of National Guard Troops", contained in letter from this 
office of October 19, 1920 (AG 323 Misc. Div.) are being modified 
as indicated in attached copy of letter to all corps area command- 
ers. 

Bv order of the Secretary of War : 

H. H. Tebbetts, 
Adjutant General. 

The letter to which reference is made in Paragraph 3 of the indorsement 
quoted above is as follows: 

1. The instructions to all corps area commanders relative to 
"Allotment of National Guard Troops", contained in letter from 
this office dated October 19. 1920 (AG 323 Misc. Div.) provide as 
follows : 

Paragraph 10 (6). "Each administrative unit should as Car 
as practicable, be alloted in its entirety to a single state." 

Paragraph 17 (d) "In eases where it will be impracticable to or- 
ganize within a single State all the subordinate units of a National 
Guard Organization, it is desired that the headquarters thereof be 
allotted to the State in which, in your opinion, after consultation 
with the State authorities concerned; it can in time of peace, best 
perform its functions and be maintained in readiness for mobiliza- 
tion." 

2. Instructions relative to "Allotment of Units of the Organized 
Reserves to Corps Area", contained in letter from this office dated 
April 5, 1921 (320.1 Pub. Div.) provides as follows: 

"So far as possible administrative units shall be organized within 
the limits of a single State, territory or the District of Columbia." 

3. In accordance with these provisions headquarters of certain 
divisions and brigades, including the commanders and staffs thereof, 
were allotted to single States, even though the troops composing the 
divisions or brigades, were allotted to two or more States. 

The provisions of the letters of October 19, 1920, and April 5, 
1921, referred to above are modified as follows : 

Headquarters for brigades, divisions and army corps should pre- 
ferably be made up from the entire area to which the troops compos- 
ing the unit are allotted. Company units included in those head- 
quarters should be allotted to localities the same as any other 
company unit, but the selection of commanders and staffs should 
not he limited to a single State. 

2. The above information is transmitted at this time, as it is felt that 
advance notice of the above change in policy is most desirable. 

3. The Militia Bureau is engaged in the preparation of the instructions 
to be issued governing the procedure to be followed in order to effect the 
above action. Just as soon as practicable, these instructions will be pro- 
mulgated to all concerned. 

Geo. C. Rickards, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



Bui. 12] 



4 



6. The following circular letters of the Militia Bureau are published for 
the information of all concerned: 

W All DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
WASHINGTON. 

CIRCULAR LETTER 
No. 103. 

November 21,, 1922. 

Subject : Changes in National Guard Regulations, 1022. 

To : The Adjutants General and United States Property and Disburs- 

ing Officers of all States, Territories of Hawaii and Porto 
Rico, and the District of Columbia Militia. 
The Secretary of War directs that the following changes in paragraph 

629, 907 and 957, and added paragraph 695A, National Guard Regulations. 

1022, be published for the information and guidance of all concerned: 
629. In the loth line omit the words "three times the money 
value of the rations per diem" and in lieu thereof insert the words 
and figures "$1.20 per day." (C. L. No. 103, Nov. 24, 1922.) 

659*. Where National Guard officers or enlisted men die while 
in attendance with their organizations at authorized encampments 
from causes not clue to their own misconduct, the expenses of pre- 
paring and transporting the remains are payable from National 
Guard appropriations, provided the expense does not exceed $100.. 
which should be restricted to the cost of casket, shipping case, 
necessary expenses of preparing the remains for shipment, and 
transportation expenses of the escort, if any. The escort is limited 
to one officer or enlisted man. Such expenses are properly charge- 
able to the subappropriation "Expenses, camps of instruction", pro- 
vided sufficient funds remain available for the purpose otherwise 
from funds other than Federal. If more than one officer or enlisted 
man accompanies the remains, the additional expense is not charge- 
able against Federal funds and the travel cannot be performed on 
Government transportation request. (C. L. No. 103, Nov. 24,1922.) 

007. Upon completion of an audit of an organization command- 
er's accounts, the auditor will prepare certificate of audit (Finance 
Form No. 12) in quintuplicate and statement of Ualances in quad- 
ruplicate, and will forward one copy of each to the corps area 
commander, the officer whose accounts have been audited, the prop- 
erty and disbursing officer, and the Chief, Militia Bureau, and one 
copy of certificate of audit without the statement of balances to the 
Chief of Finance. After a property and. disbursing officer's accounts 
have been audited, a copy of the certificate of audit and statement 
of balances will be forwarded to him through the adjutant general of 
the State, and one copy of each to the corps area commander and the. . . . 
Chief Militia Bureau, a copy of the certificate of audit without 
statement of balances will be forwarded to the Chief of Finance. If 
the audit is made at the time of a transfer, an additional copy of 
the certificate of audit and statement of balances will be furnished 
the officer to whom the property is being thansferred. (C. L. No. 
103, Nov. 24. 1022.) 

957. It will not be the policy of the War Department to make 
original allotments for supplies for animals or for helpers, or to 
continue such allotments for supplies for animals or for helpers, or 
to continue such allotments as have already been made in the 
cases where the organizations concerned do not receive reasonable 
State support, where adequate indoor or outdoor facilities for 
mounted instructions do not exist, when the condition of auimals is 
shown to be unsatisfactory, or where organizations fail to utilize 
adequatelv their opportunities for training. (C. L. No. 103, Nov. 
24. 1922.) 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General, 
Chief Militia Bureau. 



5 [Bui. 12] 

AVAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
WASHINGTON. 

December 2, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER 
No. 104. 

Subject : Fencing equipment for the National Guard. 

To : The Adjutants General and United States Property and Dis- 

bursing Officers of all States, Territories of Hawaii and Porto 
Rico, and the District of Columbia Militia. 

1. The Quartermaster General has reported to this office that the 
following articles of fencing equnpment are available for transfer to the 
National Guard without charge against National Guard appropriations, viz : 

2406 Masks, Cavalry 
8339 Plastrons, Cavalry 
13520 Sabers, fencing, wooden 
36307 Gloves, right hand. 

2. Requisitions for desired fencing equipment should be forwarded to 
the corps area commanders in accordance with the provisions of General 
Orders No. 6, War Department, 1922. 

Geo. C. Riekards, 
Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 
(Note : — Requisition has been made by the U. S. Property and Disbursing 
Officer for this equipment and as soon as received it will be issued to organi- 
zations. — Adj. Gen. Pa.) 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
WASHINGTON. 

December 4, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER 
No. 105. 

Subject : Material issued to National Guard Field Artillery Units 

To : All Corps Area Commanders and the Adjutants General of all 

States, Territories of Hawaii and Porto Rico and the 

District of Columbia National Guard. 

1. It is the policy of the Militia Bureau to issue to National Guard 
Field Artillery units the same amount of material that is issued to a like 
unit of the Regular Army at peace strength. This, in the case of lettered 
batteries, means four guns, or four howitzers, and a reel cart, and, except 
for the 155— mm. guns, a certain number of caissons. Briefly, the reasons 
for this policy are as follows : in a national emergency the National Guard 
is considered first line troops, and the chances of equipping it during the 
initial stages of an emergency are very slight, hence it should be equipped 
at all times to go into action : there are the same number of guns or howitzers 
for both war and peace strength, extra caissons or ammunition trucks being 
the only difference between war and peace strength material. 

2. The Militia Bureau believes that from a training point of view there 
should be at the station of each Field Artillery unit the following material : — 

(a) Divisional and G. H. Q. Field Artillery — 75 — mm. Guns, 
horsed. 

Fcr a lettered battery — one firing battery (4 guns, 4 caissons, and 
8 limbers) and one reel cart. 

For a Battalion Hq. Det. and Combat Train — 4 caissons, 4 limbers, 
and 1 cart and reel. 

For a Service Battery — 4 escort wagons. 

For a Headquarters Battery — one cart and reel. 

(b) Corps Field Artillery — 155 — mm. Howitzers, motorized. 
For a lettered battery — 1 firing battery (4 howitzers, 4 howitzer 



Bui. 12] 



6 



limbers, and 8 caissons) and one reel and cart. Also nine 5 — ton 
tractors. 

For a Battalion Hq. Det. & Combat Train— 4 trucks, F. W. D. 

cargo, one reel and cart and one 5 — ton tractor. 

For a Service Battery — 4 trucks, F. W. D. cargo. 

For a Hq. Battery — one reel and cart and one 5 — ton tractor. 

(c) Corps Field Artillery — 155 — mm. Guns, Motorized. 
Special exceptions will be made in the case of lettered batteries due 
to the great weight and bulk of this gun. 

Other than lettered batteries will conform to like units of 155 — mm. 
Howitzer regiments. 

3. The Militia Bureau has no objections to having the rest of the material 
of the units stored at some central location in the State provided the storage 
facilities are suitable and it is well cared for. Also where several units are 
grouped in one armory and drill on different nights there is no objection 
to having all the material of certain units stored at the central location 
provided there is for the training of each unit on its drill night the 
equipment listed above. 

4. The Militia Bureau will not recognize Field xlrtillery units whose 
armory facilities are not adequate for the care and storage of this minimum 
amount of material or where the armory is so constructed that this 
material cannot be used for the training of the personnel. In addition, 
there should be stable facilities at the station of each horsed unit for 
thirty-two animals. Because no more animals can be issued during the 
present fiscal year, due to lack of sufficient appropriations, this last pro- 
vision will not be insisted upon provided the State authorities will agree to 
provide the necessary stable accommodations when horses become available 
for issue In northern climates where the winters are long and cold, an 
indoor riding hall is essential for the proper training of the horsed units; 
this is strongly urged but not required. 

By direction of the Secretary of War : 

Geo. C. Rickards, 

Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
WASHINGTON. 

Deceinler 6, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER 
No. 106. 

Subject: Revision of National Guard Regulations. 

To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of Hawaii and 

Porto Rico and the District of Columbia National Guard. 
The following change in paragraph 957, National Guard Regulations, 
1922, is published for the information and guidance of all concerned : 
957. It will not be the policy of the War Department to make 
original allotments for supplies for animals or for helpers, or to 
continue such allotments for supplies for animals or for helpers, 
or to continue such allotments as have already been made in cases 
where the organizations concerned do not receive reasonable State 
support, where adequate indoor or outdoor facilities for mounted in- 
struction do not exist when the condition of animals is shown to be 
unsatisfactory, or where organizations fail to utilize adequately 
their opportunities for training. (C. L. No. 106, Dec. 6, 1922.) 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



7 



[Bui. 12] 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
WASHINGTON. 

CIRCULAR LETTER 
No. 107. 

December 7, 1922. 

Subject: Officers and Enlisted Men drilling with organizations ether than 
their own. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of Hawaii and 

Porte Rico and District of Columbia National Guard. 
1. The question as to the legality of payment of armory drill pay to 
officers who performed drills with organizations other than their own, hav- 
ing been referred to the Comptroller General of the United States in view 
of a previous decision that such payments were unauthorized, the follow- 
ing decision is published for the information and guidance of all concerned : 
"There has been received your letter of October 31, 1922, in 
which it is stated in substance that under supposed authority 
of a decision of the Comptroller of the Treasury, March 10, 1921, 
96 MS. Comp. Dec, 730, to Capt. Brett, case of Capt. Hascall, 
R. I N. G., payments were made by disbursing officers to medical 
officers fcr armory drill pay for drills performed with organizations 
to which they may not have beeu attached for medical duty, and 
therefore in order that suspensions of such payments be not made 
in the accounts, an effective date be fixed, say November 1, 1922, 
for decision of September 14, 1922, 13 MS. Comp. Gen., 622, to 
Majcr Thibadeau, case of Lieut. Irby, Va. N. G. 

"The decision of the Comptroller of the Treasury March 10, 1922, 
which was supposed to be authority for the payments now in 
question related to whether a medical officer whose name appeared 
on the pay roll of Headquarters of the Coast Artillery Corps of the 
Rhode Island National Guard for the semiannual period July 1 to 
December 31, 1920, and who by the certificate therein quoted was 
shown to be a member of the Headquarters, was entitled to armory 
drill pay as an officer "belonging to" or as "not belonging to" an 
organization under section 109 of the National Defense Act, as 
amended by section 47 of the act of June 4, 1920, 41 Stat., 783. 
The pay roll bore notation that on a prior roll the officer had 
been paid for "5 drills with C A. C. R. I. N. G.". The con- 
cluding paragraph of that decision was : 

"Upon facts appearing it is concluded that payment to Captain 
Hascall should be made under so much of the provisions of said 
section 47 as relates to officers below the grade of major not be- 
longing to organizations' ". 
"The decision did not pass upon directly, nor by indirection approved, 
payments fur which it has been cited. 

"The matter of such payments was not determined in the decision of 
September 14, 1922. The disbursing officer's reason for submitting the 
claim of Lieut. Irby was that it was an individual claim, the officer's name 
not having been included currently on the rolls of the proper unit. With 
respect to the facts of that case it was said : 

"It does not appear that the officer was assigned or attached to 
Company p for the performance of medical corps duties but that 
he voluntarily and without direction participated in the drills of 
the infantry company. From the report of the regimental com- 
mander it would appear that there was no information as to the du- 
ties assigned to or performed by the officer until the officer him- 
self reported thereon, and the officer — a medical officer — claims that 
he drilled with an infantry company. Whether this is a satis- 
factory performance of his appropriate duties as a medical of- 
ficer as fixed by regulations of the Secretary of War is first for 
C( nsideration by the War Department and not by this office". 
"It is inferred from your letter requesting an effective date for tin* 
decision that War Department is of the opinion medical officers fand 



.'Bui. 12] ■ 8 

probably other staff officers) are not entitled to credit for drills with line 
organizations to which they are not assigned or attached by competent 
orders ; the "satisfactory performance of their appropriate duties" not 
requiring or contemplating such drills under the regulations prescribed 
by the Secretary of War. 

"The matter appears to be one not specifically presented for decision at 
any time, although the conditions appear to have come to attention through 
the decision cited. The administrative view now being, and apparently 
correctly so, that credit is not authorized fcr staff officers attending drills 
of line organization to which they are not assigned or attached. I be- 
lieve the matter may be viewed as of such doubt heretofore that 
payments of armory drill pay made pricr to November 1, 1922, 
to staff officers for attending drills with line organizations to which 
they were not assigned or attached may be passed to the credit of 
disbursing officers making payments, if the payments are other- 
wise correct". 

2. Acknowledgement of the receipt of this communication is requested. 

Geo. C. Rickards, 

Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
WASHINGTON. 

December 8, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER 
No. 108. 

Subject : Change in National Guard Regulations. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of Hawaii and 

Porto Rico and the District of Columbia National Guard. 
The following change in paragraph 508 (a), National Guard Regula- 
tions, 1922, having been approved by the Secretary of War, is published 
for the information and guidance of all concerned : 

508 (a) While in actual attendance at a service school enlist- 
ed men of the National Guard shall receive the same pay and allow- 
ances, including allowances for quarters, subsistence and travel to 
which an enlisted man of the Regular Army of like grade would be 
entitled for attending such school, college or practical course of in- 
struction under orders from proper military authority, tchile in ac- 
tual attendance at such school, college or practical course of instruc- 
tion, and for the necessary period of travel to and from his home 
station. The allowance for subsistence while traveling shall be at 
the rate of $2.25 per day, as prescribed in Bulletin No. 13, War 
Department. 1922. They arc not entitled to pay or al'owances 
while absent on furlough. (C. L. No. 108, Dec. 8, 1922) 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
WASHINGTON. 

CIRCULAR LETTER 
No. 109. 

December 9, 1922. 
Subject : Payment of $240 per annum Armory Drill Pay. 
To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of Hawaii and 

and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia National Guard. 
I. The question as to whether a captain commanding an organization 
is entitled to the $'240 per annum in view of the fact that less than 60% 



9 



[Bnl. 12] 



of the enlisted strength was present at all drills during the semi-annual 
period having been submitted to the Comptroller General of the United 
States for a decision the following is published for the information and 
guidance of all concerned. 

There was received November 9, 1922, your letter of September 
13, 1922, requesting decision whether you are authorized to pay 
supplemental payroll therewith transmitted of Company "B", 142nd 
Infantry, Texas National Guard, for the semi annual period ended 
December 31, 1921, containing the claim of Captain Karl C. Young, 
for pay at the annual rate of §240 as a "captain commanding an 
organization" during the period he was in an armory drill pay 
status. 

It is stated that the officer was not paid drill pay at the rate of 
1/30 of the monthly base pay of his grade for each drill attended— 

* * * * for the reason that less than 60% of the enlisted strength 
was present at all drills held during the period." 

That is, the attendance of enlisted men at each of the drills was 
less than 60% of the enlisted strength of the company. 

Section 109 of the National Defense Act as amended by Section 
47 of the act of June 4, 1920, 41 Stat., 783, so far as here material, 
provides : 

"Captains and lieutenants belonging to organizations of the 
National Guard shall receive compensation at the rate of one-thir- 
tieth of the monthly base pay of their grades as prescribed for the 
Regular Army for each regular drill or other period of instruction 
authorized by the Secretai-y of War, not exceeding five in any one 
calendar month, at which they shall have been officially present 
for the entire period, and at which at least 50 per centum of the 
commissioned strength and 60 per centum of the enlisted strength 
attend and participate for not less than one and one-half hours. Cap- 
tains commanding organizations shall receive $240 a year in ad- 
dition to the drill pay herein prescribed." 

The question is thus whether the conditions for the payment of 
drill pay attach also to the annual pay provided for captains com- 
manding organizations. The conditions are attached only to the 
drill pay proper ; the additional pay provided for captains com- 
manding organizations was intended as compensation for the per- 
formance of duties in connection with the company other than 
drills. That this is the correct construction of the provision is evi- 
dent by a reading of that portion of section 14 of the act of June 
10, 1922, 42 Stat., 631, providing the same annual pay, in addition 
to pay provided in section 109, for officers other than captains com- 
manding organizations. That provision is: 

"Hereafter, in addition to the pay authorized in section 109, Act 
of June 3, 1916, as amended by the Act of June 4, 1920, field officers 
and lieutenants of the National Guard commanding organizations 
less than a brigade, and having administrative functions shall re- 
ceive $240 per year for the faithful performance of the administra- 
tive duties connected therewith, * * *." 

Accordingly, I am of the opinion that the pay at the annual 
rate of $240 provided for a captain commanding an organization is 
payable for the satisfactory performance of his duties as the 
organization commander under regulations of the War Department 
while in an armory drill pay status under section 109. The deci- 
sion cited, 1 Comp. Gen., 449, considered only the drill pay proper 
to which the conditions fixed in the first sentence of section 109 
apply, and is not affected by the decision herein. 

The voucher and related papers are returned herewith, and if 
the voucher is otherwise correct you are authorized to pay it. 
2. Please acknowledge receipt of this communication. 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General. 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



Bui. 12] 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
Washington. 

CIRCULAR LETTER 
No. 110. 

December 11, 1922. 
Subject : Pay and allowances of National Guard members attending 

Military Service Schools. 
To : The Adjutants General of all States. Territories of Hawaii and 

Porto Rico and the District of Columbia National Guard. 
1. The following decision of the Comptroller General of the United States 
regarding pay and allowances of officers and enlisted men of the National 
cted to attend military service schools, is published for the in- 
formation and guidance of all concerned : 

I received November 14 your letter of November 8, 1922, reading as 
follows : 

"Section 99 of the National Defense Act as amended by the Act of 
September 22, 1922, 42 Stat., 1035, reads as follows : 
" "Nat onal Guard officers and men at service schools, and so 
forth : Under such regulations as the President may prescribe, the 
Secretary of War may, upon the recommendation of the governor of 
any State or Territory or the commanding general of the National 
Guard of the District of Columbia, authorize a limited number of 
selected officers or enlisted me" of the National (iuurd to attend 
and pursue a regular course of study at any military service school 
of the United States, except the United States Military Academy, 
or to be attached to an organization of the same army, corps or 
department to which such officers or enlisted men shall belong, for 
routine practical instruction at or near an Army post during a 
period of field training or other outdoor excercises ; and any such 
officer shall receive out of any National Guard allotment of funds 
available for the purpose, the pay and allowances provided in the 
Pay Readjustment Act of June 10, 1922, for officers of the National 
Guard when authorized b^' law to receive Federal pay and the travel 
allowances provided in Section 12 thereof, and any such enlisted 
man shall receive therefrom, except as otherwise provided in section 
14 of the Pay Readjustment Act of June 10, 1922, the same pay and 
allowances, including allowances for quarters, subsistence, and 
travel to which an enlisted man of the Regular Army of like grade 
would be entitled for attending such school, college, or practical 
course of instruction under orders from proper military authority, 
while in actual attendance at such school, college, or practical course 
of instruction, and for the necessary period of travel from and to 
his home station. 

"Prior to the amendment of the above quoted section, officers and 
enlisted men of the National Guard were only entitled to pay and 
allowances while in actual attendance at service schools, their pay 
beginning on the date of their arrival and terminating on the date 
of their relief. A great deal of time is lost by officers and enlisted 
men in traveling to and from service schools, especially in the case 
of students from Hawaii and Porto Rico and many of the States 
remote from the schools, during which they are not entitled to pay, 
and it was with a view to correcting this injustice that amendment 
of Section 99 of the National Defense Act was requested. 

"Question has risen as to whether Section 99 of the National 
Dejense Act, as amended, accomplished what ivas intended. Decision 
is renuested as to whether officers and enlisted men of the National 
Guard selected either to attend a service school, or to be attached 
to an organization of their arm for routine practical instruction, 
are entitled to the pay and allowances provided in the Pay Read- 
justment Act of June 10, 1922, 'for the necessary period of travel 
from and to' their home stations." 

"Section 99 of the Act of June 3, 1916, 39 Stat., 207, before it was 
amended to read as quoted in your letter, provided, so far as here 
material : 



11 [Bui. 12] 

" * * * and such officers or enlisted man shall receive, out of any 
National Guard allotment of funds available for the purpose, the 
same travel allowances and quarters, or communication of quarters, 
and the same pay allowances, and subsistence to which an officer or 
enlisted man of the Regular Army would be entitled for attending 
such school, college, or practical course of instruction under orders 
from proper military authority, while in actual attendance at such 
school, college, or practical course of instruction : Provided, That in 
no case shall the pay and allowances authorized by this section 
exceed those of a captain." 

Under this provision of law, it was held, 26 Comp., Dec, 985, that : 

"An officer is not in actual attendance at a school while he is en- 
route either thereto or therefrom. 

"Section 99, as amended by the act of September 22, 1922, indi- 
cates the pay and the allowances that may be payable, respectively, 
to officers and enlisted men, and such pay (and allowances if other- 
wise payable ) are payable 

" * * * while in actual attendance at such school, college, or 
practical course of instruction, and for the necessary period of 
travel from and to his home station. 

"You are accordingly informed that the pay payable under the 
section of officers and enlisted men of the National Guard not in 
Federal service, and such allowances under the section as are prop- 
erly payable when such officers or enlisted men are traveling are 
payable for the necessary period of travel from and to his home 
station. 

2. Acknowledgement of the receipt of this communication is requested. 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General. 
Chief, Military Bureau, 



WAR DEPARTMENT 

MILITIA BUREAU 
WASHINGTON 

CIRCULAR LETTER 

No. 111. 

December 12, 1922. 
Subject: Payment of armory drill pay to officers attending less than 24 
drills. 

To : The Adjutant General of all States, Territories of Hawaii and 

Porto Rico and the District of Columbia Militia. 
The question as to whether an officer attending the drills prescribed for 
him is entitled to pay, provided the number of drills is less than 24, having 
been submitted to the Comptroller General for a decision, the following 
ruling of that official is published for the information and guidance of all 
concerned : 

"By settlement No. W-68422, dated September 30, 1921, this of- 
fice, of the disbursing accounts of Carl Halla, Captain, Finance 

Department, there was disallowed the sum of $394.69, representing 
payments on voucher No. 76, January, 1921, to members of the Na- 
tional Guard for attendance at armory drills during the first semi- 
annual period of 1920. All the payments made were for drills 
between May 24, 1920, the date of Federal recognition, and June 
30, 1920, the members of the organization having attended less than 
twenty-four drills during the semi-annual period ended June 30, 
1920. 

"Section 110 of the act of June 3, 1916, 39 Stat., 210, provides 
pay for enlisted men of the National Guard for attendance at 
armory drills and the second proviso of the section is as follows : 

"That the compensation provided herein shall be computed for 
semi-annual periods beginning the first day of January and the 



Bnl. 12] 



l: 



first day of Jnly of each year, in porportion to the number of 
drills attended ; and no compensation shall be paid to amy enlisted 
man for the first semi-annual period of any year unless he shall 
have attended during said period at least twenty-four drills ; but 
any lesser number of drills attended during said period shall be 
reckoned with the drills attended during the second semi-annual 
period in computing the compensation, if any, due him for that 
year * * * 

"In decision" of April 25, 1922, on the claim of Nathan Horowitz, 
Major, Finance Department, U. S. Army, it was said : 

" 'It is obvious that such payments on the facts recited on the 
pay-rolls were contrary to law when made, although it subsequently 
appears that by reason of attendance at drills during the balance 
of the year 1920 the enlisted men attended a total of drills not 
Jess in porportion to 24 than the period of their service in the 
National Guard, during 1920, to the entire year. 27 Comp. Dec. 
200 and 1075. If by subsequent attendance at drills the enlisted 
men earned the pay thus prematurely paid them, the disbursing 
officer whose accounts are involved may furnish specific informa- 
tion and in detail establishing the facts — or refer to the pay roll 
or other record on which the facts appear and consideration will 
thereupon be given to whether the disallowances should be removed.' 

"Voucher 93, April, 1921, accounts of E. P. Ely, Captain, Finance 
Department, being the pay roll for the second semi-annual period 
1920, of the same organization paid on voucher 76 here in question, 
shows the number of drills attended by some of the members dur- 
ing the second semi-annual period, together with the drills attend- 
ed during the first semi-annual period to be not less in porportion 
to 24 than was the period of service during 1920, subsequent to 
Federal recognition, to the entire year. 

"The number of drills to be perf< rmed in proportion to 24, as 
the period of service was to the entire year was 15. 

"Disallowances of payments made to enlisted men in the sum 
of $197.19, on voucher No. 76, January 1921, accounts of Carl 
Halla, Captain, Finance Department, will be allowed. 

"It is noted that the disallowance on voucher No. 76, include 
payments to commissioned officers, for the reason that they failed 
to attend 24 drills. In this connection in the decision of April 
25, 1922. it was held: 

" 'When an officer has attended the drills prescribed for him 
for which the organization is entitled to credit, he is entitled to 
the pay provided notwithstanding the number of drills is less 
than 24. * * *■? 

"Accordingly, the disallowances of payments to the officers Pn 
voucher 76, amounting to $76.06, are reversed. 

"Upon review a total of $273.25 is certified for allowance in the 
disbursing officer's accounts. 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General, 
Chief, Military Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
WASHINGTON 

December 23, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER 
No. 112. 

Subject: Charge for Packing and Crating on Supplies issued free. 
To: The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of Porto Rico 

and Hawaii, and the District of Columbia National Guard. 



13 



[Bui. 12j 



1. The following decision of the Comptroller General of the United 
.States is published for the information and guidance of all concerned : 

"Your decision is respectfully requested as to whether a flat rate 
of four per cent or any other sum may be charged against Nation- 
al Guard and Reserve Officers' Training Corps appropriations upon 
issues to Reserve Officers' Training Corps and National Guard 
when not in Federal service under the authority contained in the 
Appropriation Act, Fiscal Year, 1923, to cover cost of packing and 
crating, and if not, whether the appropriation 'Transportation of the 
Army and its supplies' may be charged therewith, and if not pay- 
ah'e out of those appropriations, is there any appropriation avail- 
able for that purpose. The Quartermaster General states that it has 
been the practice of his office upon issue to the National Guard 
not in Federal service and Reserve Officers' Training Corps to 
charge a flat rate in accordance with the provisions of Special 
Regulations 40, 40a, and 40b, War Department, reading: 

'The articles herein enumerated, when furnished to the National 
Guard not in the Federal service, and to other executive depart- 
ments of the Government, shall have added to the prices herein 
given the 4 per cent to cover the cost of packing, bailing or crating.' 

The appropriation for Quartermaster Supplies, etc., Reserve Of- 
ficers' Training Corps, act of June 30, 1922, 42 Stat., 719-20, 
provides : 

'For the procurement and issue, under such regulations as may 
be prescribed by the Secretary of War to institutions at which 
one or more units of the Reserve Officers' Training Coi'ps are main- 
tained, such * * * supplies, tentage, equipment, and uniforms 
as he may deem necessary, * * * for transporting said 
* * * supplies and equipment from place of issue to the several 
institutions and training camps * * * $3,100,000, to remain 
available until December 31, 1923 : Provided, That uniforms and 
other equipment or material issued to the Reserve Officers' Train- 
ing Corps in accordance with law shall be furnished from surplus 
or reserve stock of the War Department without payment from 
this appropriation, except for actual expense incurred in the manu- 
facture or issue, in so far as said stocks are in excess of actual re- 
quirements of the Regular Army for the fiscal year 1923 ; * * * .' 

The appropriation requires that the War Department furnish 
uniforms, equipment or material from surplus or reserve stocks 
without charge except the actual expense incurred in the issue 
thereof. If the flat rate of four per cent measures the actual cost 
of issue, the appropriation is properly chargeable therewith. 

The appropriation for Arms, Uniforms, Equipment, etc., for 
Field Service, National Guard, act of June 30, 1922, 42 Stat., 749- 
50, provides : 

'To procure by purchase or manufacture and issue from time 
to time to the National Guard upon requisition of the governors 
of the several States and Territories, or the commanding general, 
National Guard of the District of Columbia, such number of United 
States service arms with all accessories, Field Artillery and Coast 
Artillery material, Engineer, Signal, and sanitary material, aceouter- 
ments, field uniforms, clothing, equipment, publications, and mili- 
tary stores of all kinds, and a reserve supply of such arms, ma- 
terial accouterments, field uniforms clothing equipage, and military 
stores of all kinds, as are necessary to arm, uniform, and equip 
for field service the National Guard of the several States, Terri- 
tories, and the District of Columbia, $2,000,000; * * * Pro- 
vided further, That the Secretary of War is hereby directed to 
issue from surplus or reserve stores and m'ateria] now on hand 
and purchased for the United States Army such articles of clothing 
and equipment and Field Artillery, Engineer, and Signal material 
and ammunition as may be needed by the National Guard organized 
under the provisions of the Act entitled 'An Act for making further 



Bui. 12] 



14 



and more effectual provisions for the national defense, and for 
other purposes,' approved June 3, 1916, as amended by the Act 
approved June 4, 1920. This issue shall be made without charge 
against militia appropriations * * * '. 

The appropriation expressly directs the Secretary of War to 
issue, from surplus reserve stocks, such articles of clothing, equip- 
ment, material, etc., as may be needed by the National Guard, and 
it expressiy provides that such 'issue shall be made without charge 
against militia appropriations'. The direction to issue, and without 
charge against militia appropriation, requires that the burden of 
issue, the costs, be borne under the regular appropriation for the 
Army proper, namely, the appropriation for Army Transportation. 

Answering the questions specifically (1) such flat rate per cent 
as measures the actual cost of issue is authorized to be charged, 
in connection with issues to the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, 
under the appropriation for Quartermaster supplies, etc., Reserve 
Officers' Training Corps, 42 Stat. 719-20, and (2) the costs of issue 
in connection with issues to the National Guard, are required to 
be borne under the appropriation available for the Army proper. 

Geo. C. Rickards, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Burecm. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
WASHINGTON. 

December 26, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER 
No. 113. 

Subject : Circular Letter No. 103, Militia Bureau, 1922. 
To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of Hawaii and 

Porto Rico, anid the District of Columbia National Guard. 
The second paragraph in corrected copy of the first page of Circular 
Letter No. 103, Militia Bureau, dated November 24, 1922, should read 
"6954" instead of "6594". 

Geo. C Rickards, 

Major General, 
Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
WASHINGTON. 

December 27, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER 
No. 114. 

Subject : Administrative pay to officers of the National Guard. 
To: The Adjutants General of all States. Corps Area Commanders 

and Instructors on duty with the National Guard. 

1. Section (14) of the Act of June 10, 1922 provides in part as follows: 
"Hereafter in addition to the pay authorized in Section (109), Act 

of June 3, 1916, as amended by the Act of June 4, 1920. field officers 
and lieutenants of the National Guard commanding organizations 
less than a brigade, and having administrative functions, shall re- 
ceive $240.00 per year for the faithful performance of the adminis- 
trative duties connected therewith *.***." 

2. The following certificate suggested by the Militia Bureau and ap- 
proved by the Chief of Finance should be placed on the back page of the 
National Guard payrolls with reference to the section quoted above and 
<signed by the instructors. 



15 [Bui. 12] 

" 192 

The officer *** shown herein as commanding organization *** 
ha **** faithfully performed administrative functions connected 
therewith for the period •** stated 



Instructor. 

(Pluralize where necessary.) 

Geo. C, Riekards, 

Major General, 

Chief, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
WASHINGTON. 

December 28, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER 

No. 115. 
Subject: Court-Martial Fines. 

To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of Hawaii and 

Porto Rico and the District of Columbia Militia. 
1. The following opinion of the Judge Advocate General of the Army 

is published for the information and guidance of all concerned : 

"Reference AG 250.31 (9—21—22) (Miscl), November 10, 
1922. There is referred to this office the question whether court- 
martial fines against members of the National Guard organizations 
should be paid into the Federal Treasury or disposed of as pro- 
vided by the laws of the State. A question relating to the collection 
and disposition of a forfeiture of pay assessed by court-martial 
against an elisted man of the National Guard of Vermont, was 
heretofore submitted to this office, which by 4th indorsement, dated 
Jttay 16, 1922 (J. A. G. 242.2), expressed the opinion that it 
might be provided by regulation that court-martial forfeitures as- 
sessed against a National Guardsman and withheld from Federal 
pay due him might be paid over to the proper State authority. In 
that opinion it was, however, recommended that the matter be 
submitted to the Comptroller General for advance decision. Upon 
submission to the Comptroller General that office, in a decision 
dated June 1, 1922 (1 Comp Gen. 713), held that a court-martial 
forfeiture assessed against an elisted man of the National Guard 
and deducted from Federal pay should remain in the Federal 
Treasury. Following the decision of the Comptroller General, the 
Militia Bureau, by Circular Letter No. 66, July 29, 1922, ruled 
that all amounts collected on account of court-martial fines im- 
posed on members of the National Guard of a State must be de- 
posited in the Treasury of the United States. The Judge Advocate, 
Ok^homa National Guard, and the Adjutant General of North Car- 
olina, have questioned the legality of the regulation promulgated 
in Circular Letter No. 66 and the Chief of the Militia Bureau, 
with the concurrence of the Chief of Finance, has recommended 
reference of the matter to the Comptroller General for decision. 

"This office, in its opinion of Mav 16, 1922, above mentioned, 
citing Section 105 of the National Defense Act (39 Stat. 208) : 
paragraphs 602, 718, and 913, National Guard Regulations, 1919 ; 
Sections 5054 and 6053, General Laws of Vermont, 1917 : and 
People V. Leo, 13 New York Supplement 637, affirmed in 27 
Northeastern Reporter 789; held that where the laws of the State 
provided for the assessment and disposition of court-martial fines 
and forfeitures and were not in conflict with Federal laws on the 
subject, such court-martial fines and forfeitures could lawfully be 
disposed of as provided in the laws of the State. This ruling was 
predicated on the theory that Federal law, while authorizing, and 
in a measure; prescribing the court-martial procedure of recognized 



Bui. 12j 



1(1 



1 



National Guard Organizations, made no requirement as to the dis- 
position of the fines or forfeitures. In the loading ease last cited it 
was held : 

"The power to control and organize the militia resided in the 
several states at the time of the adoption of the constitution of the 
United States, and was not taken away by the instrument. The 
power of legislation over the subject, after its adoption, was concur- 
rent in the states and in congress, and the power of state legisla- 
tion remained until congress, in the exercise of the power confer- 
red upon it by the constitution, had legislated. State legislation, 
in relation to the militia, is only excluded when repugnant to or 
inconsistent with federal legislation, enacted within the purview 
of the power conferred by the federal constitution, and there is au- 
thority for regarding state legislation as inconsistent, which under- 
takes to supplement laws passed by congress, covering the subject of 
the power by annexing new qualifications or incidents not prescribed 
by the federal law". (People V. Leo,. 27 N. F. Rep. 789).' 

"In the opinion of this office the question, so far as it related to 
the payment of the amount of forfeiture of Federal pay to the State 
Treasury, was one properly for the ultimate decision of the Comp- 
troller General, and it was recommended that the question be re- 
ferred to the Comptroller General for decision. The letter of the 
Secretary of War requesting decision of the Comptroller General, 
related only to the question whether forfeitures of Federal pay im- 
posed bv sentences of court-martial in the National Gnard may be 
paid into the State Treasury where the laws of such State direct 
such disposition of National Guard forfeitures. This was the only 
question submitted to the Comptroller General for decision, and inas- 
much as it is the only one of the several questions presented that 
related to payments of Federal funds, it is the opinion of this office 
that it was the only question which properly could have been sub- 
mitted to the Comptroller General for decision. 

"In the decision of the Comptroller General in was stated : 
'In the absence of a specific provision of law for crediting the 
State with amounts withheld pursuant to court-martial sentences 
from amounts otherwise payable from Federal funds to members 
of the National Guard there is no authority to make payment to 
any other person or agency than the individual concerned. Only 
so much may be used of Federal funds as may be lawfully paid, 
and if he is not entitled to receive it by reason of the court-martial 
no lawful payment thereof can be made and the money must re- 
main in the Treasury of the United States. There is no analogy 
between the procedure for withholding pay due a soldier to make 
good an indebtedness due an agency of the Federal Government, 
such as the post exchange and laundries and the present question. 
A forfeiture of pay pursuant to a valid court-martial sentence 
relieves the United States of its obligation to pay the amount 
forfeited, and unless specific provisions is made for the disposition 
thereof, e. g., section 4818 Revised Statutes, it is the money of the 
United States and remains in the Treasury of the United States.' 
Obviously the only question which the Comptroller General had under 
consideration and the only question which was determined in the decision 
referred to was the question relating to the disposition of forfeitures of 
Federal pay. The Comptroller General in effect holds that in case of 
a forfeiture the soldier is not cntiteld to receive the pay, that no law- 
ful payment of the same can be made to any other recipient on his account, 
and consequently the money remains in the Federal Treasury. This office 
does not concur in the opinion of the Office of the Chief of Finance ex- 
pressed in the 1st indorsement in the present file, September 29, 1922, to 
the effect that the Comptroller General's decision covers the present 
question. 

While the Comptroller General's decision is governing as to the dis- 
position of forfeitures withheld from Federal pay, that decision is grounded 



17 



[Buh 12] 



in reasons not applying to the disposition of fines, which are not withheld 
from pay but which are paid by tiLs soldier or the collection of which is en- 
forced by process of several States, out of any funds or property which 
the soldier may have. This office adheres to its former opinion so far as 
it relates to the disposition of fines. That opinion in substance is 
that there being dual control by the State and Federal Government of 
the National Guard, the State laws relating to National Guard, so long 
as they are not in conflict with Federal laws on the subject, are applicable 
and enforceable. 

There is no Federal law relating to the disposition of National Guam 
cuurt-martial fines. While National Guard court-martial forfeitures with- 
held from Federal pay may not lawfully be paid the State but must 
remain in the Federal Treasury for reasons stated by the Comptroller 
General, those reasons are in no way applicable to fines, which are not 
paid from Federal funds. The Adjutant General of Oklahoma makes 
no specific reference to any statute of that State providing for the collection 
or disposition of court martial fines, but does state that 'A method of 
the enforcement of fines in the National Guard of Oklahoma is by confine- 
ment in a cunty jail of the State. Apparently there is State Legislation on 
this subject. The Adjutant General of North Carolina cites Section 5, 
Article 9. of the Constitution of North Carolina, read'ng as follows: 

'See. 5. COUNTY SCHOOL FUND ; PROVISO. All moneys, 
stocks, bonds, and other property belonging to a county school 
fund ; also the net proceeds from the sale of estrays ; also the 
clear proceeds of all penalties and forfeitures and of all fines col- 
lected in the several counties for any breach of the penal or mili- 
tary laws of the State ; and all moneys which shall be paid by 
persons as an equivalent for exemption from military duty, shall 
belong to and remain in the several counties, and shall be faith- 
fully appropriated for establishing and maintaining free public 
schools in the several counties of this state : Provided, that the 
amount collected in each county shall be annually reported to 
the superintendent of public instruction'. 
In these two instances, and in all instances, where the State laws 
provide for the collection and disposition of court-martial fines, which laws 
be disposed of and directed by the laws of the State. Court-martial for- 
are not repugnant to any Federal statutes on the subject, the fines should 
feitures of Federal pay should remain in the Federal Treasury is held 
by the Comptroller General. 

"Paragraph 687, National Guard Regulations, 1922 provides : 
'If a National Guard force encamped under the provisions of 
sections 94 and 97, National Defense Act, and fines are imposed by 
a court-martial for derelictions of duty, the amounts of such fines 
should be entered on the pay rolls ; the officer paying the troops 
should deduct the amounts collected as indicated in paragraph 859'. 
It has been held by this office that National Guard organizations, when 
assembled in annual encampment under the National Defense Act are not in 
any sense in Federal Service, as they are not called or drafted in time of 
war or national emergency. (J. A. G. 300.7, May 25, 1922). It follows 
that there should be no distinction between the disposition of such court- 
martial fines, whether imposed during an encampment or at any other 
time. The soldier is paid by the Federal Government for services performed, 
but is fined for a dereliction of State laws and by state military court. The 
regulations quoted is not in accordance with the opinion of this office, for 
the reason that the fines is due the State rather than the Federal Treasury 
and the Federal Government should not in any way be made an agency for 
the collection thereof. The Federal pay of a National Guardsman is law- 
fully due him and should be paid him. If he has offended against the 
laws of the State it is for the State to enforce whatever obligation thi 
individual may have incurred to the State. The practice of collecting 
-National Guord cpur-martial fines at the Federal pay table is not in 
accordance with law, unless the soldier, after receiving his pay, in turn pays 
voluntarily the amount of the fine to the person, who under the laws of 



Bill; 12] 



18 



the State, is authorized to receive the same. It is the opinion of this 
office that State court-martial fines should not be entered on Federal pay- 
rolls and it is recommended that National Guard Regulations be amended 
accordingly, 

"Notwithstanding the requests of the Chief of the Militia Bureau 
and the Chief of Finance that this matter be submitted to the Com- 
troller General for decision, it is the opinion of this office that the 
question is not one over which the Comptroller General has juris- 
diction and such recommendation, i.e., for submission to the Comp- 
troller General, are not concurred in by this office." 
2. Please acknowledge receipt. 



Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General, 

r h>cf, Militia Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
W/\ SHINGTON. 

December 29, 1922. 

CIRCULAR LETTER 

No. 116 
Subject : Armory Drill Pay. 

To: The Adiutants General of all States, Territories of Hawaii and 

Porto Rico and the District of Columbia National Guard. 
1. The following decision of the Comptroller General of the United 
States is published for the information and guidance of all concerned : 
"I request your decision whether a warrant officer of the Na- 
tional Guard is entitled to armory drill pay on the basis of an of- 
ficer or enlisted man : 

"(a) Is he entitled to pay for all drills attended where 50% of 
the commissioned and 60% of the enlisted strength is present, not 
exceeding five in a month or 60 in a year? 

"(b) Is he requii-ed to attend 60% of the drills ordered for his 
organization for each month? 

"(c) If classified under (b), is he entitled to pay not exceeding 
3 drills per month or 60 per year? 

"Section 14 of the act of June 10, 1922, 42 Stat., 631, so far as 
here material, provides : 

' * * * warrant officers of the National Guard shall receive 
not more than four-thirtieths of the monthly base pay of their 
grade for satisfactory performance of their appropriate duties, i 
under such regulations as the Secretary of War may prescribe. 
"The language here used is identical with that used in section 109 of 
the National Defense Act as amended by section 47 of the act of June 4, 
1920, 41 Stat., 783. fixing the armory drill pay of officers below the grade 
of major not belonging to organizations, who, it is provided: 

' * * * shall receive not more than four-thirtieths of the 
monthly base pay of their grades for satisfactory performance of 
their appropriate duties under such regulations as the Secretary of 
War may prescribe'. 
"The pa.\ fixed in both of these provisions of law is a maximum monthly 
pay, and accrues from day to day while the warrant officer or officer is 
in an armory drill pay status. 1 Comp. Gen., 392. A rate of pay per 
drill or unit of service may be fixed in lieu of the statutory monthly rate. 
13 MS. Comp. Gen., 129, September 5, 1922, and 14 MS. Comp. Gen., 062, 
October 13, 1922. This answers question 'a' in part and question 'c\ 
Paragraph 1007, National Guard Regulations, 1922, provides: 

'In time of peace, the appointment of warrant officers in the 
National Guard will be limited to band leaders. Band leaders 



19 



[Bui. 12] 



(warrant officers) of the National Guard regiments will be appointed 
on recommendation of the regimental commanders by the governors 

of the respective States where the corresponding regimental head- 
quarters is included in the official allocation of troops. Warrants 
will be issued by the appointing power or by their order'. 

"Under existing regulations, therefore, in time of peace all National 
Guard warrant officers are members of organizations. A regulation re- 
quiring warrant officers to attend all drills properly prescribed for the 
organizations of which they are members and the performance of their 
appropriate duties, would be a proper and legal regulation, and failure to 
attend any of the prescribed and properly ordered drills would propor- 
tionately reduce the monthly maximum pay ; as would also failure of the 
organization to qualify for credit for a drill under regulations issued 
pursuant to section 92 of the act of June 3, 1916, 39 Stat., 206. For 
example, four-thirtieths of the monthly base pay of a warrant officer is 
$19.73-1/3 ; if 15 drills were ordered for a warrant officer's organization dur- 
ing a quarter and a warrant officer in a drill pay status during the entire 
quarter attended 14 of the ordered drills he would be entitled to 14/15 of 
3 x ,$19.73-1/3, or $55.25. 

"As the statute does not fix the performance of a specific number of 
units of service or drills as a condition for earning the pay provided, nor 
the attendance of a minimum number of officers and enlisted men at the 
drill, as in the case of captains and lieutenants belonging to organizations, 
a regulation so providing would in effect inflict a forfeiture of pay other- 
wise earned under the statute and would be illegal, except as credit for the 
drill may be denied to the organization and to the personnel thereof (other 
than enlisted men) under section 92 of the act of June 3, 1916. This 
completes answer to question 'a' and answers question 'b' so far as it can 
be answered in its present form. 

"Reply ng specifically to your principal questions, warrant officers should 
be paid armory drill pay as the statute prescribes for warrant officers under 
the conditions and limitations that may be properly prescribed in regula- 
tions to be issued by the Secretary of War." 

2. Please acknowledge receipt. 

Geo. C. Rickards, 
Major General, 
Chief, Military Bureau. 



WAR DEPARTMENT 
MILITIA BUREAU 
WASHINGTON. 

CIRCULAR LETTER 
NO. 117. 

December 30, 1922. 
Subject : Strike duty not considered field training or instruction under 

National Defense Act. 
To : The Adjutants General of all States, Territories of Hawaii 

and Porto Rico and the District of Columbia National Guard. 
The following decision of the Comptroller General of the United States 
is published for the information and guidance of all concerned: 

"I have your letter of November 11, 1922, requesting decision whether 
in view of the circumstances hereinafter recited, payment may be made 
of pay to the personnel, and presumably reimbursement to the State of 
Kentucky of incidental expenses, including subsistence, of the Headquarters 
Detachment and Troop B, 53rd Machine Gun Cavalry, Kentucky National 
Guard, for a period not definitely stated, but apparently August 13 to 
27, inclusive, as for attendance at a camp of instruction under section 94 
or 97 of the act of June 3, 1916, 39 Stat., 206 and 207. 

"While it is not definitely so stated, it is assumed that the organizations 
were in the active service of the Sate in connection with a strike then 
in progress, but were under orders to participate in an encampment at 



Camp Knox, Kentucky, August 13 to 27, inclusive. It appears that the 
Governor of the State revoked the order for their participation in the en- 
campment at Camp Knox, and directed that they be held at London, Ken- 
tucky, their home station, in close proximity to Corbin, Kentucky, where 
it was feared disturbances might occur, and further, that they be encamp- 
ed at the Fair Ground, adjacent to London, where, the Governor states 
in letter dated August 23, 1922: 

<• ' * * * a schedule of training was worked out by the instruct- 
or on duty with the National Guard and the Squadron Commander, 
Major James K. Dillion, was instructed to carry out the schedule 
of drills and exercises in the same manner as though the two units 
were participating in the training at Camp Knox, and from reports 
received by me, it is known that the training has been of the very 
best and that the officers and men will be greatly benefitted there- 
by.' 
"You state : 

" ' The Chief of the Militia Bureau appears to be satisfied that 
the character of instruction and training received by these organiza- 
tions at London was the equivalent of what they would have re- 
ceived at Camp Knox; but states that they did not comply with 
National Guard Regulations in five different respects, * * .' 
"These failures to comply with the regulations are reported to have 
been as follows : 

"'a.. Officers and enlisted men were not duly mustered (Par. 
689. N. G. R.)' 

" ' 6. . Programs of instruction for this encampment were not 
prepared under the direction of the corps area commander, nor 
were copies sent through the corps area commander to the Chief, 
Militia Bureau, (Par. 459, N. G. R.) ' 

" 'c. . The corps area commander did not have charge of this en- 
campment. (Par. 460, N. G. R.) ' 

" ' d. . The corps area commander did not assign personnel to 
make the field inspections of these commands, and so far ; s is 
known, such field inspections were omitted. (Par. 462, N. G. R.) ' 

" ' e. . The location and suitability of the camp site was not de- 
termined or approved by the Secretary of War or corps area com- 
" mander. (Par. 465, N. G. R.) ' 

"Sections 94 and 97 of the National Defense Act provided in part as 
follows : 

"'Sec. 94. Encampments and maneuvers. — Under such regula- 
tions as the President may prescribe the Secretary of War is 
authorized to provide for the participation of the whole or any part 
of the National Guard in encampments, maneuvers, or other exer- 
cises, including outdoor target practice, for field or coast-defense 
instruction, either independently, or in conjunction with any part 
of the Regular Army. * * * .) 

" 'Sec. 97. Under such regulations as the President may pre- 
scribe the Secretary of War may provide camps for the instruction 
of officers and enlisted men of the National Guard. Such camps 
shall be conducted by officers of the Regular Army detailed by the ■ 
Secretary of War for that purpose, * * * .' 
"As the camp was not conducted by officers of the Regular Army pay- 
ment under section 97 is not authorized. Section 94 does not fix the con- 
ditions under which organizations of the National Guard may partici- 
pate in encampments, but authorizes regulations to this effect. The regu- 
lations to carry into execution the provisions of the section are in part con- 
tained in Article XII section B of the National Guard Regulations, 1922. 
paragraphs 457, et seq. Compliance with these regulations is necessary 
before payment of personnel of organizations of the National Guard and 
other expenses incidental to participation in field training may be paid 
from Federal funds. These regulations, made in execution of a statute, 
are legislative in character and of the same force as the statute itself ; 
while they may be amended by the authority authorized to promulgate 
them, such amendment must be prospective and exemptions may not be 



21 



[Bui. 12] 



made to them any more than exceptions can be made to the law itself. 
21 Comp. Dec, 484. 

"The training received by the organizations while in State service at Lon- 
don, Kentucky, was possibly the equivalent of the training' that would 
have been received at Camp Knox, but the training authorized by section 
94, and the regulations issued pursuant thereto was intended to be training 
under Federal supervision and in addition to such training as might be 
received in active State service as the military force of the State govern- 
ment. If it were otherwise, any active State service could be accepted 
as training under the section, and this the law itself would not permit. 

"I have, therefore, to inform you that payment is not authorized to the 
organizations in question for the services described as for field training 
under section 1)4 or as for training at a camp of instruction under sec- 
tion 97 of the National Defense Act." 

Geo. G. Riekards, 
Major Gr,vci al, 
< hicf. Militia Bureau. 



By order of WILLIAM 0. SPROUL, 

Governor of Pennsylvania. 

F. D. BEARY, 

The Adjutant Genera]. 

Official : 



Adjutant. 



i 




,,11