Skip to main content

Full text of "Memoranda for the use of architects in drawing plans for the institution for the deaf and dumb, and the blind"

See other formats



^.. 7 ^ 

I r t ^'/-<' 






Deaf and Dumb, and the Blind. 




The Commissioners, appointed by the last Legislature, 
for the location and erection of a new Institution for the 
Deaf and Dumb, and the Blind, having purchased a site, 
offer the following Memoranda, for the use of architects 
who may wish to submit plans for the buildings to be 

I. It should be borne in mind that there is no natural 
association between the deal and dumb, and the blind. 
The bringing the two classes under one and the same 
management, for rpurposes of education, is simply an 
economic measure. 

II. In order that economy may thus be secured, 
without detriment to either class, it is essential that per- 
fect isolation of the blind, from the deaf and dumb, be 
preserved throughout the buildings, except in the dining 
room and culinary department. 

III. The plan must provide for complete separation 
of the sexes, save in school exercises, at meals, and 
during chapel service. 

IV. The plan must embrace present accommodations 
for 120 pupils — To deaf and dumb, and 50 blind — with 
capabilities for enlargement sufficient for a future aggre- 
gate of 250 pupils. It is desirable, however, that the 
buildings to be erected under the present appropriation 

should be as complete as possible both externally and 

Y- It is expected that in time numbers will necessi- 
tate a division of the blind from the deaf and dumb: 
reference, therefore, should be had to the ultimate occu- 
pation of the building by deaf and dumb alone. 

VI. For the efficient working of the Institution a flbor 
superficies of about 25,000 feet, exclusive of halls, will 
be required, divided into rooms and approximate dimeii- 
sions, as follows: 

General Apartments. 

1 Chapel, accommodating 200 persons .... 1600 ft. 

1 Eeception and Library room, about 360 " 

Museum 360 " 

1 Dining room, with bread, crockery, and sink 

closets 1600 " 

1 Family Dining room, 12x16, and China closet. 200 " 
1 Suite of three rooms, for Principal, with bath 

room and closets 900 " 

1 Office for Steward, 14x14 196 " 

4 Rooms for Teachers, 16x16, with closets, ab't 1100 " 

2 Eooms for Matron, 12x16 and 12x12, with 

closets, about 338 " 

1 Room for Assistant Matron, 14x14, with 

closet, about 200 " 

2 Hospital rooms, 12x12, with Medicine closet. . 288 " 
1 Room attached to Hospital, on the girls' side, 

for seamstress and nurse, 12x10 120 " 

1 Linen and Bed clothes closet, 10x10 100 " 

1 Spare room, 14x14. . . 196 " 

Culinary Department. 
1 Kitchen, 25x25, with two large closets and 

coal bunkers .... 625 ft. 

2 Store rooms, a large closet in one, about .... 300 ft. 
1 Laundry, 25x25, with 2 closets and coal b'kr. 625 " 

3 Rooms for servants, 12x12 432 " 

1 Coal and Wood room, 12x12 144 '' 

Apartments for Deaf and Dumb. 

1 Sitting room for boys, 30x30 900 ft. 

1 Sitting room for girls, 30x30 900 •• 

4 Class rooms, 20x22, closet in each 1760 " 

1 Room for apparatus, 10x12 120 " 

Dormitories for 40 boys 2400 " 

Dormitories for 30 girls 1800 " 

1 Clothes room for boys 

1 Clothes room for girls 

Bath and Wash rooms 

Apartments for the Blind. 

1 Sitting room, 25x25, for boys 625 ft. 

1 Sitting room, 30x30, for girls 900 " 

3 Class rooms, 14x14. . . '. 588 " 

2 Music rooms, 12x12, with closets for instrum'ts 288 " 

1 Room for apparatus 120 '"' 

Dormitories for 25 boys 1500 " 

Dormitories for 25 girls 1500 " 

1 Clothes room for boys 

1 Clothes room for girls 

Bath and Wash rooms 

The Chapel 
Must have access from all the sitting rooms, but espe- 
cially from the sitting rooms of the deaf and dumb, and 
also from the front or central hall of the Institution. It 
must be provided with a platform, 14 by 6 feet, and 2 
feet high. 

The Dining Room 

Must communicate, (by separate passages, if possible) 
with all the sitting rooms, the front hall, and -with the 

The Dormitories 

On the boys' side must communicate with the boys' 
sitting rooms, and with the wash rooms in the basement. 
It is desirable that 1000 feet of dormitory room should 
be devoted to a juvenile department. The dormitories 
must be supplied with watec closets. 

The Reception Room and Museum 
Must be adjacent to the Central hall. 

The Office 
Should be on the main floor, and easy of access from 
the boys' department. 

The Teachers' Rooms 
Should be located as pleasant!}' as possible, command- 
ing the dormitories or the stairs leading thereto. 

The Principal's Rooms 
Should be removed as much as possible from the noise 
incident to large gatherings of children. 

The Rooms for Matron and Assistant 
Must be on the girls' side. The Assistant Matron's 
must be up stairs, commanding the dormitories of the 
deaf-mute girls. 

The Class Rooms for Deaf and Dumb 

Must communicate with the sitting rooms for the deaf 
and dumb. 

The Class Rooms foe the Blind 

Must communicate with the sitting rooms devoted to 
their use. 

As the sexes have to be associated in class exercises, 
it is necessary that communication be provided between 
the sitting rooms and class rooms of the blind. The 
same arrangement to be made for the deaf and dumb. 

The Hospitals 
Must be located, one on each side, in suitable places. 
To the female hospital must be attached the nurse's room. 

The Music Rooms 
Must be retired as possible, that the noise therefrom 
may not disturb the household. 

The Laundry 
Must be situated towards the female department. 

Water Closets and Bath Rooms 
Are to be provided for the use of the family. 

Out-Door Exits 
From the respective apartments of the deaf and dumb 
and the blind should not communicate with each other, 
and should open on separate play-grounds. 


Must be amply provided for ; and also heating by fur- 
nace or steam. 

VII. It is proposed to use for the exterior walls of 
the building, stone from the Angel Island, Yerba Buena 
Island, or some equally good quarries. The inside work 
is to be handsomel}^ finished in white cedar ; the rooms 


frequented by the pupils are to be wainscoifted to the 
height of three feet; and the windows are to be fur- 
nished with inside blinds. The basement is to be ten 
(10) feet in the clear, and the three other stories to aver- 
age fourteen (14) feet in height. 

VIII. The cost of the building to be erected at 
present must not exceed seventy thousand (70,000) 

IX. The architect whose plans may be accepted, 
must furnish complete working drawings and specifica- 
tions of the building, and of any furniture or fittings that 
may be required ; also of any necessary out-bui.dings. 

X. -The building will be constructed under the general 
supervision of the aforesaid architect, who will be held 
responsible for the due execution of the work. The 
Superintendent of Works will be appointed by the Com- 
missioners, at the expense of the architect. 

XI. The ^.foresaid architect shall be entitled to re- 
ceive five (5) per cent, on the cost of the buildings — pro- 
vided, however, that the buildings can be contracted for 
with satisfactory securities, at a cost not exceeding the 
architect's estimates by more than ten (10) per cent. ; 
and provided, also, that his commissions as aforesaid 
shall in no case be on an amount exceeding his own esti- 
mate of cost. If contracts cannot be made within the 
limit above' stated, the Commissioners reserve the right 
to reject the plan. 

XII. When the contracts are let, the architect shall 
be entitled to receive one thousand (1,000) dollars. The 
Commissioners will reserve twelve hundred (1,200) dol- 
lars out of the architect's commissions, to pay the sub- 
superintendent, and the balance due the architect will 
be paid when the building is completed. 

XIII. The architect whose plan is, in the judgment 
of the Board, second best, shall receive three hundred 
(300) dollars. The architect of the third best plan shall 
likewise receive two hundred (200) dollars. 

XIV. All plans to which premiums are awarded are 
to become the property of the Board. All other plans 
to be returned to the architects who submitted them. 

XV. Plans offered to the Board, in competition, are 
to be made in line drawings, no colors to be used except 
Sepia or India ink. All drawings shall be made on a 
uniform scale of one-fourth (^) of an inch to the foot. 
Plans will also be accompanied by outline specifications 
and approximate estimates in detail. 

XVI. The Board of Commissioners reserve the right 
to reject all plans proposed and submitted. 

The Principal will afford to architects any assistance 
in his power, and be ready, at all times, to confer with 
those who may desire the benefit of his experience. 

Plans are to be handed in to the Office of the Commis- 
sioners, No. 606 Montgomery Street, or to Wm. Sher- 
man, Chairman Building Committee, corner Sansome 
and Commercial streets, on or before the eighteenth day 

of Mav, 1867. 


J. A. Benton,