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HISTORICAL 

QURAN 

CODE 


By 

Hisham Al Masri 


ISBN 978-9957-67-214-0 


The Hhashemite Kingdom of Jordan 
The Deposit Number at The 
National Library 
(2019/1/28) 


220 


Historical Quran Code / Hisham Amin Almasri.- 
Amman:The Author,2019 


Op- 

Deposit No.:2019/l/28 

Descriptors:/Historical Quran//The Holy Quran/ 


(JLltHoJI I jl& j\SO Vj ( j£ cLj^jUUI SjJjJ^oJI Jots’ S_aJJoJI Jo^sl) 

(_5‘ si Opl^ ‘jS* 


2 





Acknowledgement 

I would like to acknowledge the help of my son Amin Almasri in 
formatting this book, and the help of my son in law Ayman Mas'ad for 
Helping in preparing the book website. 


3 



Table of contents 


Introduction.8 

Chapter 1.14 

Chronology table 1.14 

1.1) Adam (p).15 

1.1.1) Creation of Adam (p).15 

1.1.2) Death of Adam (p).17 

1.2) Noah (p).18 

1.2.1) Birth of Noah (p).18 

1.2.2) Flood of Noah (p).19 

1.2.3) Death of Noah (p).20 

1.3) Hud (p).22 

1.3.1) Birth of Hud (p).22 

1.3.2) Construction of the Holy Ka'ba by Hud (p).23 

1.3.3) Destruction of Aad People of Hud.24 

1.3.4) Death of Hud (p).25 

1.3.5) Iram with piles (city of Aad People of Hud).27 

1.4) Punt Land (the land of gold).28 


4 




















31 


Chapter II. 

Chronology table 2.31 

2.1) Saleh (p) and his People Thamud.32 

2.2) Idris (p).37 

2.3) Aber son of Saleh.42 

2.4) Building of the Pyramids of Giza.46 

2.5) Ibrahim/Abraham (p).47 

2.5.1) Ibrahim's Father.47 

2.5.2) Nimrud.51 

2.5.3) Ibrahim (p) in Egypt.52 

2.5.4) Dates of Ibrahim (p).53 

2.6) Lot (p).61 

Chapter III .64 

Chronology table 3.64 

3.1) Ismael/lshmael (p).65 

3.2) Ishaq/Isaac (p).67 

3.3) Destruction of Lot's People.71 

3.4) Building of the Holy Ka'ba by Ibrahim (p).71 

3.5) Death of Abraham/Ibrahim (p).71 

3.6) Jacob/Ya'qub (p).72 

3.7) Joseph/Yusuf (p).74 

3.8) Grandsons of Jacob (Al Asbat, the sons of Joseph).79 

3.9) Joseph (p) in Egypt (life and death).90 

3.10) State of the Hyksos.100 


5 



























104 


3.11) Shu'ayb (p). 

3.12) Pharaoh Hatshepsut.109 

Chapter IV .114 

Chronology table 4.114 

4.1) Aaron/Harun (p).115 

4.2) Moses/Musa (p).117 

4.3) Pharaoh of Moses.125 

4.3.1) Calendar.126 

4.3.2) People of Pharaoh.127 

4.3.3) Thutmose III (Pharaoh of Moses).129 

4.4) Senenmut (Moses(p)).136 

4.5) Wife of Pharaoh Satia.141 

4.6) Qarun, Hannan and the Magicians.142 

4.6.1) Qarun/Korah.142 

4.6.2) Haman.147 

4.6.3) Magicians of Pharaoh.148 

4.7) Joshua Ben Noon.149 

4.8) End of Israel Second State.152 

4.9) Pharaoh Ramses II.156 

4.10) Ayyub (p).159 

4.11) Descending of the Sea People.163 

4.12) Judge Eli.167 

4.13) Luqman, Sheba and Tubba'.169 

4.14) Prophet Samuel (p).169 

6 



























173 


4.15) Talut/Saul 

4.16) David (p).177 

Chapter V .182 

Chronology table 5.182 

5.1) Solomon/Sulayman (p).183 

5.2) Death of David (p).186 

5.3) Elias/Elijah (p).186 

5.4) Elyasa'/Elisha (p).189 

5.5) Yunus/Jonah (p).193 

5.6) Uzayr/Ezra.198 

5.7) People of the Cave, Qumran Scrolls and the Ark of Covenant.203 

5.8) Alexander the Great (Thul Qarnayn).212 

5.9) Zechariah (p) and Yahya/John the Baptist (p).215 

5.10) Jesus Christ (p).219 

5.11) Muhammad (p).221 

Conclusion.226 

Appendix A.228 

Glossary.232 


7 





















Introduction 


Praise be to Almighty Allah and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah, the 
Prophet Muhammad and upon his family and all his companions. 

It has been clarified that the Book of Allah (the Holy Quran) contains, from cover 
to cover, encrypted historical information, that no one of the human beings is 
able to come up with; this is a conclusive evidence on the righteousness of the 
Holy Quran; and that it cannot be from anyone except from the creator of human 
beings, as no one knows the unseen but Almighty Allah; otherwise how can we 
explain how the Holy Quran containing the dates of God's prophets and 
messengers, and the dates of some of the pharaohs and most dates of the 
Children of Israel, upon which they themselves differ. 

Moreover, it is a proof that there hasn't been any change or alteration in the Holy 
Quran, or increase or decrease since its revelation (about 1400 years ago) till 
present day; and that the Prophet Muhammad (p) has delivered to the fullest 
what has been revealed to him. 

[15—9]((lt is we who sent down the Quran, and we watch over it.)) 

As for, why no one of the human beings is capable to come up with similar to the 
Holy Quran (not to mention the Holy Quran linguistic miracles), those historical 
miracles, that Almighty Allah Has safeguarded, through the verses, the words, and 
even the letters of the Holy Quran.These historical miracles were invisible and 
unclear, until certain features of Ancient Civilizations had become clear, specially 
the Egyptian Ancient Civilization that has become well known after Napoleon 
Campaign (about 1800 AD), where the Rosetta stone labeled in three languages 
was found, and started solving the puzzle of the Hieroglyph Letter and the ancient 
history of Egypt started to be learnt about. 


8 



Was Muhammad (p) aware that Pharaoh of Moses was Thutmose III rather than 
Ramses II (as most people were mistakenly thinking as we shall see later)? And 
did Muhammad (p) knew the years that Thutmose III had ruled were 54 years and 
equivalent to 54 times the word (Pharaoh) is mentioned (without additions) in the 
Holy Quran. Did he knew that Thutmose III belongs to the eighteenth Dynasty 
(the Egyptian Dynasties are Thirty) in order to ensure the pronunciation of 
(People of Pharaoh) has been repeated eighteen times in the Holy Quran? Did he 
know that Pharaoh's woman that picked up Moses (p) from the Nile River was 
Hatshepsut (who was then the wife of Thutmose II, who died before the mission 
of Moses (p)? Did he know that Pharaoh's wife who believed in God was 
Satiah/Asia the wife of Thutmose III? 

[66-11] ((But to those who believe Allah has given as an example Pharaoh's 
wife, who said: 'My Lord, build me a house before You in Paradise and save me 
from Pharaoh and his work, and save me from a harm doing nation.)) 

Indeed, all this and more will be found in this study, in which I mainly depended 
on the figures and dates mentioned in the Holy Quran, and sometimes on what 
was reported by the People of the Book in their Bible, as they still have some of 
the truth, even though they have lost the origin since the Babylonian invasion in 
585 BC. These Books were not written till after their return from the Babylonian 
captivity. 

However, the aspects of similarities between their Book and ours are 
manifold.This is because the source of both Books is one; both of them have been 
from Almighty God (Allah) but the devil is trying to mislead some of them, and 
depicts to them that Muhammad (p) had taken from them and nothing had been 
revealed to him. 

This study computes the verses and counts the number of words and letters in 

9 



each Surah of the Holy Quran or in every story of its stories. I was assisted with 
what is available on the World Wide Web; in particular the two websites (Alargam 
& Noon center). With regardsto why this computing is? It is because the theory of 
encryption is based upon that every verse is equivalent to one year (solar, not 
lunar) as well as every word and every letter, and their order. Also the name of 
the Surah has to be considered. 

The beginning was from Surat Al Kahf (Cave) (#18), in particular from the story of 
the People of the Cave; as Dr. Bassam Jarrar stated. The words of the story from 
its beginning to the paragraph (threehundred and increased by nine) are 308 
words, and that paragraph's number is 309. 

I referred to the Bible and found many figures that mingled tangle, and I found 
that the Hebrew version numbers differ significantly from the numbers of the 
Seventies Translation (translated by 72 biblical scholars and scientists 
commissioned by Ptolemy II in the third century BC, where the translation was 
from Hebrew to Greek).This translation has more respect by the Christians more 
than the Jews have. 

However, I referred to the Holy Quran, preparing and comparing with the 
information the People of the Book have. I found that there is some reality in 
them, especially for the latter historical period (between Abraham (p) and Jesus 
(p)), while the information prior to that are marred by much of doubt (from Adam 
to Abraham (peace be upon them)). 

I do not claim that everything that had been stated here is hundred percent true, 
as probability of chance has its say, but I attempted as much as I could to make it 
insignificant, especially with regards to the latter period. 

During the search I found out that the Initial Letters (openers or disjointed 
letters) with which 29 Surahs of the Holy Quran start, called by some Muslims 


10 



the letters of Light and that the Muslims are puzzled about their connotations. I 
think that those letters have part in the encryption theory. The incidence of the 
repetition of each letter within the Surah that starts out with has its historical 
connotation. 


Moreover, I was unable to identify the dates of some of the prophets and 
apostles, or the historical connotations of some of the Surahs or some of the 
initial letters, but most of them have been explained. 

God says in [6-67] ((Every news has its appointed time; you will surely 
know)).They said in the interpretation of (mostaqar = appointed time) is the time 
whenthing does not bypass and does not be delayed, that is in our contemporary 
expression (the date of its occurrence). 

God says in [27-76] ((Surely, this Quran relates to the Children of Israel most of 
that which they are at variance)). And says in [27-93] ((And say: 'Praise belongs 
to Allah! He will show you His signs and you will recognize them. Your Lord is 
not inattentive of what you do)). God also says in [38-88]((And after a while you 
shall know its news)). And says in [78-1/5] ((What do they question each other 
about (1) About the Great News (2) where upon they are at variance (3) Indeed, 
they shall know (4) Again, indeed, they shall know (5))). 

And says in [72-28] ((So that He may know that they have delivered the 
Messages of their Lord and He encompasses all that is with them, and He has 
counted everything in numbers)).Yes, God has counted all things and filed some 
of them coded in the Holy Quran. 

Perhaps a person may ask what have we to do with these figures and numbers to 

cause us headache with.For such people I would say that the figures and numbers 

(dates) are as the skeleton of the science of history without which there would be 

no true understanding of history and will be lessons taken from it. 

li 



The People of the Book are in confusion, for about two hundred years excavating 
in Egypt Ancient Civilization, hoping that they might find a trace or a story related 
to Joseph (p), or Moses (p), but to no avail. 

They have a sign in the Bible that they had built the cities of (Pithom and Ramses) 
for the Pharaoh Ramses II. Those two cities were found to the east of the Nile 
Delta, but they wrongly believed that they built them in the first period of slavery 
(when they were led by Moses (p)); from this point came their wrong belief that 
Moses' Pharaoh is Ramses II, and that they had started their Exodus from the east 
of Delta. 

They have another sign (480 years from the beginning of the construction of the 
First Temple until the date of their Exodus from Egypt), this sign leads to 
Thutmose III which is true; and a third sign that they had remained in slavery from 
the day they entered or from the day Joseph (p) entered into Egypt until their 
Exodus from Egypt (430 years), this leads them to the middle of the way between 
Thutmose III and Ramses II. 

The truth is that their stay in Egypt was 330 years, and that their Exodus from 
Egypt began from Luxor (Thebes) not from the east of the Delta as they believe. 
The purpose of this study is to remove their confusion and the ambiguity that 
veiled certain matters, by the help of the Book that has been revealed on 
Muhammad (p), hoping that they may stop their false claims on him. 

It has been shown through the study of certain known dates, and by comparing 
them with the dates mentioned in the Holy Quran, that Jesus (p) was born in 1 BC 
(I believe that this, which they call the zero year). 

For instance, Alexander the Great, in the opinion of the historians died in the year 

323 BC, but according to the Holy Quran he died in the year 322 BC.AIso, in regard 

to the birth of Prophet Muhammad (p); it is known to the historians that he was 

12 



born in 571 BC, but according to the Holy Quran he was born in the year 572 AD. 


I was eager to publish this study even before it is totally completed, as I think that 
the idea is the most important. The scholars can continue it and correct whatever 
mistakes it might contains. War on Islam, on his Messenger, and on Quran is 
fierce, and from all directions, even from some Muslims. 

[61-8]((They seek to extinguish the Light of Allah with their mouths; but Allah 
will complete His Light, much as the unbelievers dislike it)). 

[8-30]((And when the unbelievers plotted against you(Prophet Muhammad). 
They sought to either take you captive or have you killed, or expelled. They 
plotted but Allah (in reply) also plotted. Allah is the Best in plotting)). 

[16-89]((And on that Day We shall raise up from every nation a witness from 
their own against them, and we shall bring you (Prophet Muhammad) as a 
witness against those. And we have sent down to you the Book making 
everything clear, as a guidance, and mercy, and glad tidings to those who 
submit)). 

Of course there were signs in this research that were relied on, with no doubts in 
its validity, like for example: 

Death of Ibrahim (p) in 1844 BC is equivalent to the number of words of 
Surat Al Nahl (#16). 

Birth of Joseph (p) in 1777 BC is equivalent to the number of words of Surat 
Yusuf (#12). 

Death of David (p) in 961BC is equivalent to the words of Surat Maryam. 
Death of pharaoh of Moses (Thutmose III) in 1430 BC is equivalent to the 
number of words of Surat Al Qasas, which is also the date of Exodus. 

Second Edition 

A lot of new dates were added, and few were removed, and the book shall be 

13 



more comprehensive now. 


14 



Chapter I 


From Adam (p) to Hud (p) 


7610 BC. 

Creation of Adam 

6610 BC. 

Death of Adam 

6384 BC. 

Birth of Noah 

5434 BC. 

Flood of Noah 

4560 BC. 

Death of Noah 

3761 BC. 

Birth of Hud 

3118 BC. 

Probable construction of holy Ka'ba by Hud 

3088 BC. 

Destruction of Aad (People of Hud) 

2965 BC. 

Death of Hud 


Chronology Table 1 


15 























1.1) Adam (p) 


1.1.1) Creation of Adam (p) 

Adam (p) was created before Jesus Christ (p), by about 7610 years, but as for the 
People of the Book, they shorten the gap between them to 3761years, which 
according to them means that Adam (p) was created in 3761 BC. 

Surat Al Baqara (#2) begins with the story of Adam and seconds with the cow 
story of the children of Israel. Most of the prophets who are mentioned in this 
Surah are Abraham (p) (15) times, and Moses (p) (13) times, but the cow (Al 
Baqara) is the cow of Moses (p), not the cow of Abraham (p). It is more likely for 
the words of the Surah (6117 words) to be related to Moses; as after equalizing 
the words by 6117 years they constitute the time interval between the creation of 
Adam (p) in7610 BC and the birth of Moses (p) in 1493 BC. 

7610 BC - 1493 BC = 6117 years 

Someone may say this is just a supposition that there is no evidence of its validity, 
but I would say to him: yes, it is just a supposition in case there has been no proof 
of its validity; please come along with me to follow another path in order to prove 
the validity of these numbers, cross- sectioned and connected path but it is 
secure path: (Let us measure the time gaps between each two) 

a) From the birth of Moses (p) to the death of Abraham (p) (351 years) 
which is equivalent to the words of Surat Al Rahman (#55) (351 words). 

b) From the death of Abraham (p) to the birth of Hud (p) is (1917) years 
which is equivalent to the words of Surat Hud (#11) (1917 words). 


16 



c) From the birth of Hud (p) to the Flood of Noah (p) (1673 years) which is 
equivalent to the letters of the flood story mentioned in Surat Hud (1673 
letters) 


d) From the Flood of Noah to the birth of Noah (p) (950 years) expressed 
frankly in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) verse 14: ((Indeed, We sent Noah to his 
nation, and he lived amongst them for a thousand years, less fifty (but they 
belied him), then the Flood seized them while they were harm doers)). 

e) From the birth of Noah (p) to the death of Adam (p) (226 years) which is 
equivalent to the words of Surat Nuh (#71) (226 words). 

f) From the creation of Adam (p), till his death that is the age of Adam (p) is 
1000 years, according to the Hadith of Prophet Muhammad (p), as well as 
the Table 1-1. 

When adding together these six points from (a) to (f) we will find that the 
total is equivalent to the words of Surat Al Baqara (6117 words) 

351 + 1917 + 1673 + 950 + 226 + 1000 = 6117 years 

The strangest matter is the letters of the flood story (Noah) in Surat Hud (point (c) 
before); it identifies the time gap between the date of the flood and the birth of 
Hud (p), and fill the gap in the equation, a gap that would not have been filled by 
any other number, and who has any doubt in that, he or she has to count the 
letters of Surat Hud verses, starting with the verse # 25:((And indeed We 
sentNuh/Noah to his people. (He said) 'I have come to you as a plain warner.)) 
And ending with the verse#49: ((That is from the news of the unseen which We 
reveal to you; neither you nor your nation knew this before now. Have 
patience; the outcome is for the cautious)). In order to save efforts, one can refer 

17 


to (The letters and words of the Holy Quran) prepared by Abdul Razzaq Abawi, in 
collaboration with Noon Center for Quranic Studies. 


1.1.2) Death of Adam (p) 

Most of the views say that he lived a thousand years (despite what he donated of 
his age to David (p)); I think, (God knows best), that most of them are Israelite 
literatures favor David (p) to other human beings. 

But according to the Holy Quran, when we are counting the letters of all verses in 
which Adam (p) was mentioned, starting from the beginning of the Holy Quran till 
the end, excluding the verses that mention the sons of Adam, we will get a 
surprising total indicating the accuracy of the Holy Quran, which is (1000) letters, 
equivalent to exactly 1000 years, not more or less. 

The following table shows this 


Surah 


The number 

of characters 

Surah 


The number 

of characters 

Al Baqara 

31 

69 


61 

58 

Al Baqara 

33 

99 


50 

110 

Al Baqara 

34 

62 


115 

37 

Al Baqara 

35 

79 


116 

42 

Al Baqara 

37 

43 


117 

49 

Aal Imran 

33 

48 


120 

51 

Aal Imran 

59 

48 


121 

66 


18 















































Al A'raf 

11 

70 

Letters Grand Total= 1000 

Al A'raf 

19 

69 



Table 1-1: Age of Adam (p) 


The number of letters stated in the above mentioned Table, is also as in other 
Tables in the Arabic Ottoman script of the Quran. But according to the Bible, 
Adam lived 930 years. 

This method in counting the ages of the apostles and prophets is not a rule. The 
ages of some of them are counted by words and some of them by the verses. 
Therefore, each case is to be examined by its own circumstances. 

Most often the name of the Surat is a guide for us in determining the date of this 
Prophet or that, but for Adam (p), there is no Surat in his name or related to him 
(only his name is mentioned in it) in the Holy Quran, but there are verses 
dispensed in several surahs of the Holy Quran. However, there is Hadith by the 
Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (p), which can be an evidence for us to 
determine the age of Adam (p). 


1.2) Noah (p) 

1.2.1) Birth of Noah 

Noah (p) was born after the death of Adam (p) by 226 years, which is equivalent 
to the words of Surat Nuh (#71) (226 words). The Bible states that Noah (p) was 
born after the death of Adam (p) by 126 years. The first two figures 26 are in 
agreement with the number of the words of Surat Noah. Therefore, the birth of 
Noah (p) was in 6384 BC. 


19 




6610 BC - 6384 BC = 226 years. 


As for (Lamech) the father of Noah (p), according to the Bible, he was born before 
Noah (p) by 182 years. That is, he was born in the year: 

6384 BC + 182 years = 6566 BC 

Counting the difference between the birth of Lamech and the creation of Adam 
(P): 

7610 BC - 6566 BC = 1044 years 

We find that this figure is in agreement with the letters of the story of Adam (p) in 
Surat Al A'raf (#7) which are 1044 letters. Is this a coincidence? Or is it a Book that 
its verses are tightened from the Wisest and the Proficient. 


1.2.2) Flood of Noah (p) 

[29-14]((lndeed, we sent Noah to his nation, and he lived amongst them for a 
thousand years, less fifty (but they belied him), then the Flood seized them 
while they were harm doers)). 

This verse is clear and frank that Noah (p) had lived among his people 950 years, 
and then was the Flood. This means that the Flood occurred when he was 950 
years of age, therefore the date of the Flood is: 

6384 BC - 950 years = 5434 BC 

But in the Bible the Flood occurred when Noah (p) was at the age of 600 years. I 


20 



presume that this date is one of the abbreviated dates. However, what confirms 
that the Flood occurred in 5434 BC is a theory, although it is still controversial, but 
it could be true. It is the theory of the emergence of the Black Sea. Two American 
scientists; Walter Pitman & William Ryan published a study in 1997 states that the 
water level of the Black Sea was lower than its current level by more than one 
hundred meters, and that a sudden increase in the water level happened in about 
5500 BC. Human settlements were located on the shores of the Black Sea, at the 
depth of more than a hundred meters that were evacuated in a hurry. 

Other study done by the Oceans World Institute in Woods Hall/Massachusetts, 
where the Institute examined sediments at the mouth of the Danube River (the 
largest river flowing into the Black Sea) revealing that the flood has occurred 
about 7,500 BC. 

Whereas, the People of the Book differ on the Flood date, according to the data 
and to the interpretation; some of them say the Flood occurred in the year 2282 
BC, and some of them went as extreme as they say it occurred in 3568 BC. Others 
emphasized the idea rather that the date itself. 

What ensures that the date of the Flood was in 5434 BC is the words of Surat Al 
Nisa' (#4) (3747 words) that are equivalent to 3747 years. 

This number is the time gap between the Flood incident and the death of the 
second grandson of Jacob (p), who was called 'Ephraim' by the People of the 
Book, where he died in 1687 BC. 

5434 BC - 1687 BC = 3747 years. 

As well the repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Al Baqarah (#2) is 3198 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the Flood incident and the death of Eber 
(grandfather of Arabs and Hebrews) 


21 



5434 BC -2236 BC = 3198 years. 


1.2.3) Death of Noah (p) 

In case using the same method which is used to calculate the age of Adam (p), we 
will reach to a stunning result when finding that Noah (p) had lived 1824 years. 
Table (1-2) below shows the verses where Noah (p) was mentioned, their 
location and the number of letters of each verse and the total number of their 
letters. 


Surah 

Verse 

No. 

Letters 

No. 

Surah 

Verse 

No. 

Letters 

No. 

Al Nisa' 

163 

125 

Maryam 

58 

127 

Yunus 

71 

135 

Al Shu'ara' 

106 

24 

Hud 

32 

55 

Al Shu'ara' 

116 

35 

Hud 

36 

59 

Al Ahzab 

7 

76 

Hud 

42 

71 

Al Saffat 

75 

26 

Hud 

45 

55 

Al Saffat 

79 

18 

Hud 

46 

73 

Nuh 

21 

49 

Hud 

48 

69 

Nuh 

26 

36 

Al Isra' 

3 

31 

Aal Imran 

33 

48 

Al Isra' 

17 

53 

Al An'am 

84 

96 

Al A'raf 

59 

75 

Al Mu'minun 

23 

62 

Hud 

25 

35 

Al Shura 

13 

151 

Al Anbiya' 

76 

50 

Nuh 

1 

51 

Al 'Ankabut 

14 

68 

Letters Grand Total 

1824 


22 




Al Hadid 


26 


71 


(Note: The verses that have mentioned the People of Noah and Noah's 
wife are excluded from the table). 


Table 1-2: The age of Noah (p) 


If we go through Surat Nuh/ Noah we will find that it consists of 28 verses, the 
number of its words is 226 and the number of its letters is 953 letters. And if we 
go back to the previous table allotted to the calculation of Noah's age, we will find 
that the verses his name is mentioned within and stated in the Table are 28 
verses; while the number of its words is (226). It has been mentioned previously 
that they are equivalent to the time gap between the death of Adam (p) and the 
birth of Noah (p). 

If we go through the long Surahs we will find that the numbers of their letters 
exceed the history of mankind (about 9625 years), therefore, at the moment I 
cannot find any historical indications but who knows there might be other 
indications, as the miracles of the Holy Quran never come to an end. 

Before we move on to Hud (p), there is what reinforces the date of Noah death 
(p) in 4560 BC. 

1) The words of Surat Al An'am (#6) are 3050words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the creation of Adam (p), and the death of Noah(p) 

7610 BC - 4560 BC = 3050 years. 

2) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Baqarah (#2) is 4214 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Noah (p) and the death of 


23 





Ezra ( second time ) 


4560 BC - 346 BC = 4214 years. 

3) The letters of Surat Al Ahqaf (#46) are 2627 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Noah (p) and the birth of Ismael (p) 

4560 BC - 1933 BC = 2627 years. 


1.3) Hud (p) 

1.3.1) Birth of Hud (p) 

The best proof on the birth date of Prophet Hud (p) is in Surat Hud (#11) that is 
given his name. Its number of words isl917 which is equivalent to 1917 years; the 
time difference between Hud's birth and the death of Abraham in 1844BC (peace 
be upon them). 

1844 BC + 1917 years = 3761 BC 

Someone, for instance, might say: why this date isn't the date of his death? I 
would say (God knows) that all evidences indicate that this is the date of his birth; 
in case we break the figure 1917, which is the difference between the birth of 
Hud (p) and the death of Ibrahim (p), into two figures; one of the two figures 
would refer to Hud’s birth date. It is the words (643) of Surat Al Ahqaf (#46), 
which belongs to Hud (p); God says: [46-21] ((Remember Aad's brother (Hud) 
who warned his nation in (the valley of) Al Ahqaf. Warners had already 
preceded and succeeded him saying: 'Worship none except Allah! (He said) 
'Indeed, I fear for you the punishment of a Dreadful Day)). And the Second figure 


24 



belongs to Ibrahim (p), who brought the reconstruction of the holy Ka'ba and 
called the people for pilgrimage (Hajj). 

1917 - 643 = 1274 (the number of Surat Al Hajj words) 

God says: [22-27](( Proclaim the pilgrimage to the people. They will come to 
you on foot and on every lean (camel), they shall come from every deep 
ravine)). 


1.3.2) Hud construction of the holy Ka'ba 

Among the places mentioned embodying theTomb of Hud (p) is Mecca, therefore 
Hud (p) might be one the constructor of the holy Ka'ba. He built it when he was 
643 years of age (equivalent to the number of words of Surat Al Ahqaaf); that is 
the year 3118 BC. I am of the opinion that he was one of the holy Ka'ba 
constructors, as there is a concealed indication in verse 96 in Surat Aal Imran (#3), 
which says: ((The first House ever to be built for people was that at Bakkah 
(Mecca) blessed and a guidance for the worlds)). The order of the word ( first ) in 
the Surah is 1625. Moreover, the letters of Moses story, that has been mentioned 
in Surat Al Shu'ara' (#26) are 1625 letters, that are equivalent to 1625 years; the 
time interval between the first construction of the Ka'ba (probably) in the year 
3118 BC and the birth of Moses (p) in the year 1493 BC. 

3118 BC - 1493 BC = 1625 years 

The word house (Bait) will be discussed later on when we come to Abraham (p) 
story. 

1.3.3) Destruction of Aad; the People of Hud (p) 


25 



It might be in the year 3088 BC. 


This date is determined by the letters of the story of Hud (p) in Surat Hud (#11) 
which is 673 letters, that is equivalent to 673 years, which could be his age at the 
time of the destruction of his People. We can obtain this figure by subtracting 673 
years from the date of his birth in 3761 BC: 

3761 BC - 673 years = 3088 BC 

What enhance this date are the 258 words of Surat Al Haqqah (#69) that indicate 
to us the time interval between this date and the birth of Saleh (p) in 2830 BC. 

3088 BC - 2830 BC = 258 years 

[69-1/4] ((The Resurrection Verifier (1) and what is the Resurrection Verifier (2) 
What makes you to know what the Resurrection Verifier is (3) Thamud and Aad 
denied the Qariah (the striking Hour of Judgment) (4))). 


1.3.4) Death of Hud (p) 

Hud (p) died after the destruction of his People by 123 years; it is equivalent to 
the number of Surat Hud verses which is 123 verses. 

3088 BC - 123 years = 2965 BC 

What enhances the above mentioned data are the following: 

1) The verses of Surat Taha (#20) are (135) verses, equivalent to the time interval 


26 



between the death of Hud (p) and the birth of Saleh (p). (It is also equal to the 
repetition of the letter ra in Surat Al Ra'd(#13)) 

2965 BC - 2830 BC = 135 years. 

2) The repetition of the letter kaf (k) in Surat Maryann (#19) is 137 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Hud (p) and the birth of Idris 
(p). (It is also equal to the words of Surat Al Fajr (#89)) 

2965 BC - 2828 BC = 137 years. 

3) The total sum of the repetition of the letters (kaf, ha, ya, ain, and sad) in Surat 
Maryam(#19) is: 

137 + 174 + 342 + 117 + 26 = 796 times, equivalent to the age of Hud (p) 

3761 BC - 2965 BC = 796 years. 

4) The letters of Surat Muhammad (#47) are 2389 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Hud (p) and the death of Moses (p) 

3761 BC - 1372 BC = 2389 years. 

5) The letters of Surat Al Najm (#53) are 1422 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the destruction of Aad (people of Hud ) and the death of Joseph 
(P) 

3088 BC - 1666 BC = 1422 years. 

6) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Yunus (#10) is 1224 times, 

equivalent to the time interval between the death of Hud (p) and the birth of 

27 



Ephraim 


2965 BC - 1741 BC = 1224years. 

7) The total sum of the repetition of the letters alef, lam and meem (a, I, m)in 
Surat Al Rum (#30) is 1197 times, equivalent to the time interval between the 
destruction of Aad (people of Hud) and the death of Lot (p) 

3088 BC - 1891 BC = 1197 years. 

8) The letters of Surat Al Tahrim (#66) are 1074 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Hud (p) and the death of Lot (p) 

2965 BC - 1891 BC = 1074 years. 

9) The words of Surat Al Anbiya'(#21) are 1169 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the destruction of Aad and the birth of Isaac (p) 

3088 BC - 1919 BC = 1169 years. 

10) The words of Surat AlHujurat (#49) are 347 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the construction of holy Ka'ba by Hud (p) and Idris start ruling 
Egypt 

3118 BC - 2771 BC = 347 years. 

11) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Aal Imran (#3) is 1888 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the destruction of Aad and the birth of 
Ayyub 

3088 BC - 1200 BC = 1888 years. 

28 



1.3.5) Iram with piles (city of Aad) 


God says in Surat Al Fajr (#89): ((Have you not seen how your Lord dealt with 
Aad? Of the columned city of Iram, the like of which was never created in the 
countries)). 

There are two cities in ancient Egypt bearing the same meaning described above 
in the holy Quran: 

1) The first one is the city Heliopolis (Ain Shams or Own) northeast of Cairo. They 
say that the Arabic word Iwan (Hall with pillars) might be derived from its name, 
most of its ruins are still underground and dating back to the prehistoric period 
(the history of the Egyptian 30-Dynasties starts about 3000 BC, i.e. after the 
destruction of Aad people of Hud ). 

2) The second one is the city Armant in south Egypt, 20 km south of Luxor. It was 
the capital of the province before Luxor; its name was Ion-mint, it belongs also to 
the prehistoric period and has been dubbed Al Madinah (the city). Moses (p) was 
born in it, as we shall see later. 

Some say that the remains of Iram (city of Aad) was found under the sand of the 
empty quarter desert in Arabia, but I think it doesn't match with Quran 
description. 

As you see, we are unable to aver the validity of those dates concerning Hud (p), 
but we can say that he lived during the time period between Noah and Saleh 
peace be upon them. But before I move on to the dates of Saleh (p) and his 
People Thamud, I wanted to move on to the Punt land who might have had 
relationship with Aad and Thamud and consequently with Hud and Saleh (peace 


29 



be upon them). 


1.4) Punt Land (the land of gold) 

Its name had been mentioned on the walls of Ancient Egyptian Temples. It had 
enjoyed strong commercial ties with Pharaoh's Egypt; the most ancient of those 
ties went back to the twenty sixth century BC, to the reign of the fourth dynasty, 
and was called the land of the Gods or the holy land (Ta Netjer). 

As for its location, the scientists had differed and are still differing. Some of them 
said it is in the south-east of Egypt (this refers to Mecca), some said it is in the 
north-east of Egypt, and some of them said it is on the east coast of Africa while 
some of them went south to Mozambique because of the merchandise that was 
brought with the trade missions such as monkeys, wild animals skins, animals, 
ivory, ostrich feathers and eggs as well as incense,frankincense, ebony and gold 
(Was these but some of what the people of Mecca were trading in from time 
immemorial?). 

The trip took one hundred and twenty days walk if they need to go round the Red 
Sea from the North, but if they wanted go by sea the voyage was much shorter. 

They have read it several formats (punt) or (pwenet) or (pwene). The reason of 
such different pronunciation reason because there were no vowels in the Ancient 
Egyptian Language on one hand, and on the other hand, the (T) at the end of the 
Egyptian word, had the same rule of the (Taa' Marbouta) in the Arabic language, 
sometimes uttered T and sometimes uttered H. 

What supports the theory that it is Mecca (not the northern Somalia land, as 
some claim) is in the book titled (The Detailed Pre-Islam History of Sacred Ka'ba) 


30 



by Abdul Quddus Ansari. One of the Ka'ba's names was (Al Boniah) which means 
the structure, as it was called the Boniat of Ibrahim (p) because he built it. 

Also, from the names of the Ka'ba was Nather (Netjer) as mentioned in book of 
(Akhbar Macca), the book of (Meraatul Haramin), and the booklet (Names of the 
Sacred Ka'ba) by Mohammad Al Makki bin Al Husssain, page 13. 

Someone might wonder that the Kings of Egypt sent missions for them, prior to 
Abraham (p) by several centuries, but who says that Abraham (p) was the first to 
construct the Ka'ba Al Mosharafah. The Holy Quran says other than this: 

[2-127] ((And when Abraham and Ishmael raised the foundations of the House 
(supplicating): 'O our Lord, accept this from us. You are the Hearer, the 
Knower)). 

Almighty Allah says in Surat Ibrahim (#14), in the words of Abraham: [14-37] 
((Our Lord, I have settled some of my offspring in a barren valley near Your Holy 
House; our Lord, in order that they establish the prayer. Make the hearts of 
people yearn towards them, and provide them with fruits, in order that they are 
thankful)). 

This means that the bases of the Sacred House were existing and its place was 
known before Abraham (p) accommodated his descendants (Ishmael and his 
mother Hajer) the place, and after his descendants grown up, he raised the 
foundations and constructed of Sacred House assisted by his descendants 
(Ishmael(p)). 

There are some (such as Egyptologist Flinders Petrie as well as William Budge) 
who believe that the Punt land is the original home for the ancient Egyptian 
Dynasties. The ancient Egyptians considered it as their place of origin where they 
came from or through it. 


31 



32 



Chapter II 


From Saleh (p) to Ibrahim/Abraham (p) 


2830 BC 

Birth of Saleh (p) 

2828 BC 

Birth of Idris (p) 

2694 BC 

Birth of Aber/Eber son of Saleh (p) 

2620 BC 

Start of construction Giza Pyramids (about) 

2500 BC 

End of construction Giza Pyramids (about) 

2498 BC 

Destruction of Thamud 

2399 BC 

Death of Saleh (p) 

2236 BC 

Death of Aber/Eber 

2158 BC 

Birth of Azar/Terah father of Abraham (p) 

2025 BC 

Birth of Lot (p) 

2019 BC 

Birth of Ibrahim/Abraham (p) 


Chronology Table 2 


33 




2.1) Saleh (p) and his People Thamud 


He was born in 2830 BC, and in 2498 BC was the destruction of his people, and his 
death was in 2399 BC. The best reference for them is Surat Al Hijr (#15). It carries 
the name of their dwelling (north-west of the Arabian Peninsula, adjacent to the 
Red Sea). Its verses, words and letters bear historical connotations of their own. 

I thought previously that the letters of the surah are 2830 letters, but it is clear 
now that they are 2829 letters, equivalent to the time interval between the birth 
of Saleh (p) and the birth of John the Baptist (about one year before Christ), 
therefore, the birth of Saleh is in 2830 BC. 

2830 BC-1 BC = 2829 years. 

The number of the surah's words is 654; it is equivalent to the time interval 
between the destruction of the people of Thamud in 2498 BC and the death of 
Abraham (p) in 1844 BC 

2498 BC - 1844 BC = 654 years 

However, the number of its verses is 99 verses, which is equivalent to the time 
that Saleh (p) lived after the destruction of his people in 2498 BC; therefore, his 
death was in 2399 BC. 

2498 BC - 99 years = 2399 BC 

If we want to count the years of his age, we will find that he lived 431 years (he 
might be the remnants of the Giants' Era). 

2830 BC - 2399 BC = 431 years 


34 



The validity of this figure is confirmed by the number of the letters of the story of 
Saleh (p) in Surat Al Shoa'ra (#26), which are 431 letters, equivalent to 431 
years.What confirms the above mentioned dates is: 


1) Surat Al Tawba (#9) which by its 2498 words refers to the dates of Thamud 
destruction in 2498 BC, and I believe that there is a subtle signal in Surat Al Tawba 
that refers to the Bedouins who were the remnants of Thamoud as we will see 
later. As the word Bedouins has been mentioned ten times in the Holy Quran, six 
of which are in Surat Al Tawba. 

2) The words of Surat Sad (#38) that numbered 733 words refer to the time 
interval between the death of Saleh (p) and the death of Yusuf (p) in 1666 BC. 

2399 BC - 1666 BC = 733 years. 

3) The letters of Shu'ayb story in Surat Al A'raf (#7) are 796 letters, equivalent to 
796 years, the time interval between the death of Saleh (p) and the birth of 
Shu'ayb (p) in 1603 BC. 

2399 BC - 1603 BC = 796 years. 

It is also equal to the total sum of the repetition of the letters kaf, ha, ya, ain, and 
sad in Surat Maryam (#19). 

4) The letters of Surat Al Shams (#91) are 250 letters (Thamud only is mentioned 
in this Surah), they are equivalent to the time interval between the start of Idris 
ruling Egypt and sending the she-camel to Thamud (people of Saleh) 

2771 BC - 2521 BC = 250 years. 


35 



About the she-camel, I think it could have stayed in Thamud 23 years, equivalent 
to the words of its story in Surat Al Shams, which means it was sent in 2521 BC 


2498 BC + 23 years = 2521 BC 

5) The letters of the story of Shu'ayb (p) in Surat Hud (#11) are 895; they are 
equivalent to 895 years, the time interval between the destruction of the People 
of Thamud in 2498 BC and the birth of Shu'ayb (p) in 1603 BC. 

2498 BC - 1603 BC = 895 years 

6) The words of Surat Yunus (#10) are 1833. They are equivalent to 1833 years, 
the time interval between the destruction of the People of Thamud in 2498 BC 
and perhaps the date Yunus (p) was swallowed by the whale in 665BC. 

2498 BC - 665 BC = 1833 years 

7) As it has been mentioned earlier (the destruction of Aad was in 3088 BC), the 
words of Surat Al Haqqa (#69) that counts 258 words are equivalent to 258 years; 
they are the time interval between the destruction of Aad in 3088 BC and the 
birth of Saleh (p) in 2830 BC. 

3088 BC - 2830 BC = 258 years. 

8) The letters of Surat Luqman (#31) are 2134 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Saleh (p) and the awaking of the People of the Cave 

2399 BC - 265 BC = 2134 years. 

9) The letters of Surat Al Najm(#53) are 1422 letters, equivalent to the time 

interval between the death of Saleh(p) and the birth of Solomon (p) 

36 



2399 BC - 977 BC = 1422 years. 


10) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Al A'raf (#7) is 1526 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Saleh(p) and the birth of the 
Pharaoh Ramses II 

2830 BC - 1304 BC = 1526 years. 

11) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al A'raf (#7) is 1161times, 
equivalent to the time interval between sending the she-camel to Thamud and 
the death of Joshua Ben Noon 

2521 BC - 1360 BC = 1161 years. 

12) The words of Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) are 976 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the destruction of Thamud and the birth of the Pharaoh 
Hatshepsut 

2498 BC - 1522 BC = 976 years. 

13) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) is 712 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Saleh (p) and the death of 
Ephraim 

2399 BC - 1687 BC = 712 years. 

14) The letters of Surat Al Jumu'ah (#62) are 755 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the destruction of Thamud and the birth of Manasseh 

2498 BC - 1743 BC = 755 years. 

37 



15) The total sum of the repetition of the three letters ta, seen and meem (t, s, 
and m ) in Surat Al Shu'ara (#26) is 607 times, equivalent to the time interval 
between the destruction of Thamud and the death of Lot (p) 

2498 BC - 1891 BC = 607 years. 

16) The letters of Surat Al Ghashiyah(#88) are 380 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Saleh (p) and the birth of Abraham (p) 

2399 BC - 2019 BC = 380 years. 

17) The words of Surat Al Taghabun (#64) are 241 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Saleh (p) and the birth of Azar (Terah) 

2399 BC - 2158 BC = 241 years. 

18) The words of Surat Al Jinn (#72) are 285 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between sending of the she-camel and the death of Eber (son of Saleh) 

2521 BC - 2236 BC = 285 years. 

19) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Fussilat (#41)is 273 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the start of Idris kingdom and the 
destruction of Thamud 

2771 BC - 2498 BC = 273 years. 

What draws attention is that, there was for the People of the Book, a figure that I 
think he was Saleh (p), as there were similarities in name and age. It was reported 

that the name of the seventh grandfather of Abraham (p) was (Shaleh) who lived 

38 



according to their story 433 years, according to the Hebrew Bible while according 
to the Seventies Translation they had increased his age a little to become 460 
years. 

The time difference between him and Abraham (p), according to the Hebrew 
Bible is 315 years (much abbreviated) but according to the Seventies Translation it 
is about 800 years (almost corresponds with what came in the Holy Quran.) What 
is important here is that Shaleh had a son named (Aber /Eber/Heber). I think that 
he is who some Muslims call him Hud (p), and I think this is not true. The origin of 
the word Arabi might be Aberi as well as the word Hebrew, as often mentioned 
word (Aberun) or (Aberu). All were referring to the Al Aberu people who 
participated in the construction of the Pyramids of Giza as we will see next. 


2.2) Idris (p) 

He has been mentioned in the Holy Quran in two places: 

1) In Surat Maryam (#19) verse 56 and 57: ((And mention in the Book (the 
Quran) Idris. Verily he was a man of truth, (and) a Prophet (56).And we 
raised him to a high station (57).)) 

2) In Surat Al Anbiya (#21) verse 85 and 86: ((And (remember) Isma'il 
(Ishmael) and Idris and Thul-Kifl: all were from the patient (85). And we 
admitted them to our Mercy. Verily, they were of the righteous (86).)) 

But he was not mentioned in the Bible. Only Sabians (Mandaeans) from the non- 
Muslims mentioned him, because they consider him one of their Prophets, and 
they call him Dananachet Idris. They consider him from the first people who built 
pyramids, and they go to pilgrimage to them. To them, he is (Enoch) himself, who 


39 



is mentioned in the Bible (the second grandfather of Prophet Noah (p)). 

I think it becomes ambiguous to them as it becomes ambiguous to some Muslims, 
those who reported from them or from the Bible in the issue of Idris (p). 

There are two persons mentioned in the Bible that they were raised to the 
Heaven before death, they are Enoch and Elijah/Elias (p), and I don't think that 
Idris (p) was one of them. 

Some Muslims thought that Elias (p) was Idris (p) because he is not available in 
the lineage of Prophet Muhammad (p) tree, as Enoch is available in it, and 
because of what was mentioned in Al Israa miracle tradition in the description of 
Idris (p) to Prophet Muhammad as a righteous brother and not a righteous son, as 
Ibrahim (p) described him. 

Yes Idris (p) was raised as mentioned in the Quran ((we raised him to a high 
station)), raising here may be in life, by making him a king, or he was raised from 
the earth to the Heaven, or both possibilities in sequence. 

Surat Taha confused me with its (1335) words too much in the beginning. It 
concerns Moses/Musa (p) with no doubt in that. It refers to the time difference 
between Moses (p) and another person or a comprehensive incident (before or 
after Moses (p). Before Moses (p) I found that the birth of Saleh (p) approximately 
fulfills the gap. On the opposite side, I didn't find anything mentioned, may be 
Adam (p) story at the end of the Surah indicating to the right direction. All what I 
found was the word which Aaron/Harun(p) said (O son of my mother) in verse 
(94) Surat Taha .It is mentioned in Surat Al A'raf verse (150) (without a calling 
letter), and it was written (son of mother) as two separate words, Allah has a 
wisdom in that. The time difference between Saleh (p) birth and Musa (p) birth 
was (1337)years. 


40 



2830 BC - 1493 BC = 1337 years. 


As you see, if the error in counting is rejected, the Surah must indicate to a person 
other than Saleh (p). The equation then becomes: 

1493 BC + 1335 years = 2828 BC 

And in searching in the issue of Idris (p) and his raising, which is mentioned in 
verse 57 in surat Maryam, the only person who was mentioned that he was raised 
was Jesus/lssa, son of Maryam (p), in addition to Idris (p). I don't think that 
mentioning the only information about Idris (p) in surat Maryam in verse 57 is 
without an aim. May be his age was 57 years when he was raised. 

If we assume that his birth was in 2828 BC. (The date which surat Taha indicated 
to) then the date of his raising was: 

2828 BC - 57 years = 2771 BC 

This is the surprise. Surat Al Maidah (the table spread with food), which was after 
Allah sent down the table to Jesus/lsa (p) and his Hawariyyun (Disciples), dated to 
him. Whether sending down the table spread with food or raising of Jesus/lsa (p), 
it was done in the last year of his life, which was in 33 A.D. This Surah with its 
(2804 words) equals the time difference between Idris (p) raising and Jesus (p) 
raising. 

2771 BC + 33 AD = 2804 years. 

What assures the truth of the theory above was the birth of Idris (p), which was 
two years after the birth of Saleh (p), and this rejected that Idris (p) was in the 
lineage tree of Prophet Muhammad (p). So Saleh (p) is considered the seventh 

grandfather of Abraham/Ibrahim (p). Also the ancient pyramid discovered in 

41 



Egypt up to now was the StepPyramid which king Djoser built around 2700 BC in 
Saqqara in the southern of Cairo. This rejects the idea that Enoch was one of 
those who built the pyramids, because he lived 4700 years before that, but the 
pyramids preceded Elijah/Elias (p) about by 1800 years. He lived his life in the 
Levant/Syrian Land in the ninth century BC. 

But for whom I thought to be Prophet Idris (p), he was king Djoser, the builder of 
the StepPyramid. His name was written in English (Djoser) and said that its 
meaning is sacred, and they said that he ruled 29 years, as the historian Manetho 
said. But according to what was available in Turin Papyrus, which was written in 
the era of Ramses II, he ruled 19 years and one month, and they said that he lived 
for 86 years, may be that was according to the ruling period. If you drop 29 tol9, 
his age will drop from 86 to 76 years. 

King Djoser was the first king of the third pharaoh Dynasty. Historians differ in his 
period between the twenty ninth and the twenty seventh centuryBC, and they 
didn't find his corpse in his tomb under his step pyramid. His nickname was 
Djoser, but his name was (Nathry Chet). Notice the second part of his name is the 
same of what Sabians have (Idris Dananachet). 

He was famous for his many construction projects and good administration and 
organization. Historians consider him the greatest king of the Old Kingdom. Also 
Sabians say that Idris (p) has built 88 cities. 

What interests us is his ruling period, the (19) years. When considering him Idris 
(p) and God made him a king in his life, when he was 57 years, for a period of 19 
years before he raised him to the Heaven, he was 76 years when the death angel 
took his soul in the fourth sky, according to what is narrated in the traditions. 

From the previously mentioned, we summarize that Idris (p) was born in 2828 BC, 
and became a king in 2771 BC, and he died in 2752 BC. 

42 



What enhances these dates is the following: 

1) The words of Surat Sad (#38) are 733 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the death of Idris (p) and the birth of Ibrahim/Abraham (p) 

2752 BC - 2019 BC = 733 years. 

2) The letters of Surat Al Shams (#91) are 250 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between Idris start ruling and sending of the she-camel to Thamud 

2771 BC - 2521 BC = 250 years. 

3) The words of Surat Al Furqan (#25) are 893 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Idris (p) and the birth of Ya'qub/Jacob (p) 

2752 BC - 1859 BC = 893 years. 

4) The letters of Surat Al Qalam (#68) are 1264 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Idris (p) and the birth of Thutmose III (Pharaoh of 
Moses) 

2752 BC - 1488 BC = 1264 years. 

5) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al A'raf (#7) is 1161 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Idris (p) and the start of 
Hyksos state 

2828 BC - 1667 BC = 1161 years. 

6) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Yunus (#10) is 909 times, equivalent 

to the time interval between the birth of Idris (p) and the birth of Isaac 

43 



2828 BC - 1919 BC = 909 years. 


7) The words of Surat Al Ahzab (#33) are 1287 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Idris (p) and Moses' refuge to Median 

2752 BC - 1465 BC = 1287 years. 

8) The letters of Surat Al Tahrim (#66) are 1074 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the start of Idris ruling and the death of Manasseh 

2771 BC - 1697 BC = 1074 years, 

9) The words of Surat Al Saffat (#37) are 861 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Idris (p) and the death of Lot (p) 

2752 BC - 1891 BC = 861 years. 

10) The words of Surat Saba' (#34) are 883 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Idris (p) and the death of Azar/Terah 

2828 BC - 1945 BC = 883 years. 

11) The words of Surat Al Sajdah (#32) are 372 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the start of Idris ruling and the death of Saleh (p) 

2771 BC - 2399 BC = 372 years. 

12) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Fussilat (#41) is 273 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the start of Idris ruling and destruction of 
Thamud 


44 



2771 BC - 2498 BC = 273 years. 


2.3) Aber, son of Saleh 

The words of Saleh (p) story in Surat Hud (#11) are 136 words, may tell us about 
the age of Saleh (p) when his son Aber/Eber was born, that means: 

2830 BC - 136 years = 2694 BC (birth date of Aber/Eber) 

His age was probably about 458 years, equivalent to the repetition of the letter 
alef (a) in Surat Al Hijr(#15) which is 458 times (In the Bible his age was 464 years). 
So we will get his death in 2236 BC 

2694 BC - 458 years = 2236 BC 

What confirms the above mentioned dates is the following: 

1) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Al Baqarah (#2) is 3198 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the Flood of Noah(p) and the death of 
Aber 

5434 BC - 2236 BC = 3198 years. 

2) The words of Surat Al Ma'arij (#70) are 217 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Aber and the birth of Ibrahim (p) 

2236 BC - 2019 BC = 217 years. 

3) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Yunus (#10) is 1224 times. 


45 



equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Aber and the birth of Joshua 
Ben Noon 

2694 BC - 1470 BC = 1224 years. 

4) The letters of Surat Al Qalam (#68) are 1264 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Aber and drowning of the Pharaoh of Moses 

2694 BC - 1430 BC = 1264 years. 

5) The words of Surat Al Zumar (#39) are 1172 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Aber and the birth of Pharaoh Hatshepsut 

2694 BC - 1522 BC = 1172 years. 

6) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Ghafir (#40) is 377 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Aber and the birth of Jacob 
(P) 

2236 BC - 1859 BC = 377 years. 

7) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Rum (#30) is 493 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Aber and the birth of 
Manasseh 

2236 BC - 1743 BC = 493 years. 

8) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Yusuf (#12) is 1234 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Aber and the death of 
Talut/Saul 


46 



2236 BC - 1002 BC = 1234 years. 


The words of Surat Al Anfal (#8) are also 1234 words. 

9) The words of Surat Muhammad (#47) are 539 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Aber and the death of Manasseh 

2236 BC - 1697 BC = 539 years. 

10) The letters of Surat Nuh (#71) are 953 letters, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Aber and the birth of Ephraim 

2694 BC - 1741 BC= 953 years. 

11) The letters of Surat Al Ma'arij (#70) are 951 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Aber and the birth of Manasseh 

2694 BC - 1743 BC = 951 years. 

12) The letters of Surat Al Muzzammil(#73) are 850 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Aber and the death of Ibrahim (p) 

2694 BC - 1844 BC = 850 years. 

13) The words of Surat Fatir(#35)are 775 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Aber and the birth of Isaac (p) 

2694 BC - 1919 BC = 775 years. 

14) The letters of Surat Al Humazah (#104) are 134 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Idris (p) and the birth of Aber 


47 



2828 BC - 2694 BC = 134 years. 


15) The letters of Saleh's story in Surat Al A'raf (#7) are 535 letters, equivalent to 
the time interval between Idris' start ruling Egypt and the death of Aber 

2771 BC - 2236 BC = 535 years. 

16) The words of Saleh's story in Surat Al Qamar (#54) are 58 words, equivalent to 
the time interval between the death of Idris (p) and the birth of Aber 

2752 BC - 2694 BC = 58 years. 

17) The words of Surat Al Naba'(#78) are 173 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Aber and sending the she-camel to Thamud 

2694 BC - 2521 BC = 173 years. 

18) The words of Surat Al Jinn (#72) are 285 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between sending the she-camel to Thamoud and the death of Aber 

2521 BC - 2236 BC = 285 years. 


2.4) Building of the Pyramids of Giza 

(About 2620 BC to 2500 BC) 

In a study by Dr. Petra Andrassy of Humboldt University in Berlin on the 
organizing and financing the construction of the Temples in Ancient Egypt, she 
mentioned that there were graphics and sometimes carvings on some stones of 


48 



the Pyramids (especially the Pyramids of Giza), that all referred to the (Aberu) 
troupe (or Alaberu) who participated in the building of the Pyramids of Giza and 
formed the largest laborer gathering participated in the construction of the 
Pyramids. They divide themselves into tribes and subtribes. This tribal system was 
also known during the construction of the Ancient Temples in the ancient state. 
They were also bearing titles such the nobility \ or the known \ or the friends \ or 
the loved by the King who used to reward them with gold. 

The most important of their teams was the Royal Band of ships that was in charge 
of the transport operations. Since this name (Aberu) was repeated as a name by 
several kings of the Old Kingdom, one might conclude that they were forming the 
traditional band of difficult tasks, especially transferring from the quarries to the 
scene of the Pyramid. The copper ax bearing their name that was traced in the 
cedar forests in Lebanon shows that various kinds of missions were among their 
tasks. 

However, as a result of such information, some ignorant or pretended to be 
ignorant claimed that the Children of Israel were the builders of the Pyramids. 
They had forgotten or pretended to forget that Pyramids of Giza were built before 
the birth of Israel (Jacob) (p) and about 700 years before they enter into Egypt. 

The Pyramids of Giza is distinct from other Pyramids that they were built by huge 
heavy stones (about 2.5 tons weight). Therefore, scientists were puzzled at how 
they were built. I think that those Aberu (attributed to Aber, the son of Saleh (p)) 
probably were the remains of a generation of the Giants as their ages indicate 
that, as Saleh (p) lived 431 years, as well as his son Aber (nearly the same 
according to the narration of the People of the Book). 

There is another notice that says the building of the Pyramids had stopped after 
the year 2500 BC using the huge stones and continued using small stones and 

bricks. This date is the date of the destruction of Thamud, People of Saleh (p), as 

49 



previously mentioned in the year 2498 BC. There is a related hint in the Holy 
Quran, as Almighty Allah says: [89—9](( And Thamud, who hewed out the rocks of 
the valley)). Almighty Allah might have meant by the Valley, the Nile Valley. 


2.5) Ibrahim /(Abraham) (p) 

He was born in 2019 BC and died in 1844 BC. Ibrahim (Abraham) (p) has been 
titled the Father of the Prophets who came after him. Most of the prophets are 
his descendants, so he was a landmark of history. He was born in 2019 BC in Ur 
city in southern Iraq, and left it migrating to Harran (its remnants in southeast of 
Turkey) near the city of Edessa (Al Raha currently Orfali), where he stayed for a 
period of time and emigrated again towards the Levant, then to Egypt and 
returned to the Levant, navigate between them and the Hijaz. Ultimately after 
having lived for 175 years, he passed away and was buried in a city that later on 
took his name; the city of Hebron (Al Khalil) in the south of Palestine. 

2.5.1) Ibrahim's(Abraham) Father: 

According to the Hebrew Bible, his father's age was 130 years when Ibrahim (p) 
was born. There is a controversy over his name. Whereas in the Holy Quran his 
name is ((Azar)), it is ((Terah)) according to the Bible. Probably his name in his 
native place was (Terah), and (Azar) has acquired at a later stage of his age after 
he had left his native place and departed with Abraham and Lot (peace be upon 
them) despite his lack of faith in their preaching. He might have arrived into Egypt 
where he had acquired the name (Azar) during his stay there. Azar is the actual 
name of the ancient Egyptian god that was called in Greek Osiris. It was the 
traditions of the Ancient Egyptians to usually give the strangers Egyptian names as 
happened with Joseph (p) by the testimony of the Torah (perhaps for facilitating 
the process of integration in the community). 


50 



According to the People of the Book he was statues maker (a sculptor) and also he 
was a senior officer in the Nimrud Army, before Ibrahim (p) spoilt his affairs and 
destroyed the idols. 

His name has been mentioned only one time in the Holy Quran, in Verse #74 in 
Surat Al An'am (#6). It might be that this number refer to the years he lived after 
the birth of lbrahim(in the Bible they were 75). 

So that his death was in 1945 BC 

2019 BC - 74 years = 1945 BC 

His birth could be in year 2158 BC (the letters of the verse mentioned above are 
58 letters). 

What confirm these dates is: 

1) Surat Al Ghashiyah (#88), it includes 26 verses, 92 words and 380 letters.Its 26 
verses are equivalent to the time interval between the death of Azar and the birth 
of Isaac (p) 

1945 BC - 1919 BC = 26 years. 

Its 92 words are equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Lot (p) (in 
2025 BC) and the birth of Ishmael (p) (in 1933 BC) 

2025 BC - 1933 BC = 92 years. 

Its 380 letters are equivalent to the time interval between the death of Saleh (p) 
and the birth of Ibrahim (p) 


51 



2399 BC - 2019 BC = 380 years. 


Also the sum of Azar's and Ishmael's ages is 380 years: 

213 years + 167 years = 380 years 

2) The words of Surat Al Taghabun (#64) are 241 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Saleh (p) and the birth of Azar 

2399 BC - 2158 BC = 241 years. 

3) The repetition sum of both letters ha and meem in Surat Al Zukhruf (#43) is 363 
times, equivalent to the time interval between sending the she-camel to Thamud 
and the birth of Azar 

2521 BC - 2158 BC = 363 years. 

4) The words of Surat Saba' (#34) are 883 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Idris (p) and the death of Azar 

2828 BC - 1945 BC = 883 years. 

5) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and meem in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) 
is 1603 times, equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Hud (p) and 
the birth of Azar 

3761 BC - 2158 BC = 1603 years. 

6) The letters of Surat Al Mumtahanah (#60) are 1542 letters, equivalent to the 
time interval between the birth of Azar and the death of Yunus (p) 


52 



2158 BC - 616 BC = 1542 years. 


7) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and meem in Surat Al Rum (#30) is 
1197 times, equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Azar and the 
death of Dawud/ David (p) 

2158 BC - 961 BC = 1197 years. 

8) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and ra in Surat Ibrahim (#14) is 1156 
times, equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Azar and the death of 
Talut/ Saul 

2158 BC - 1002 BC = 1156 years. 

9) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Qasas (#28) is 457 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Azar and the birth of 
Thutmose III (Pharaoh of Moses) 

1945 BC - 1488 BC = 457 years. 

10) The repetition of the letter ya in Surat Maryam (#19) is 342 times, equivalent 
to the time interval between the death of Azar and the birth of Shu'ayb (p) 

1945 BC - 1603 BC = 342 years 

11) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Rum (#30) is 314 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Azar and the death of Ibrahim 
(P) 

2158 BC - 1844 BC = 314 years. 


53 



12) The repetition of the letter sin (s) in Surat Al Qasas(#28) is 101 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Azar and the death of 
Ibrahim (p) 

1945 BC - 1844 BC = 101 years. 


2.5.2) Nimrud 

It is mentioned in the Bible that Abraham (Ibrahim) (p) was born in the city of Ur 
in south Iraq. It is revealed that he lived while a child at the days of a king called 
by historians as (Ur-Nammu). Who was this King? 

The historians said that he was the founder of the third dynasty in Ur, and during 
his reign he was capable of controlling more than 23 cities in south and middle of 
Iraq. His son Sholgi continued after him, so his conquers reached to the eastern 
coasts of the Mediterranean. What is significant here is that, this king Ur-nammu 
is himself the Nimrud that has been mentioned in the Bible. Someone might ask: 
How can that be? 

I would simply say that if we invert the first syllable of his name (ur^ru) and place 
it at the end of his name, we shall get (Nammu-ru) while the letter D at the end 
of his name, perhaps symbolizing the name of the god in the Sumerian language 
(Dingir) that was added to his name. 

What was famous about this king is his laws that had preceded the laws of 
Hammurabi by about three centuries, as well as his construction of the temples 
(ziggurats). Though the period of his rule was short (according to the sequence of 
the short history), he ruled from 2047 BC to 2030 BC. Some historians prefer to 
adopt the sequence of the very short history, thus his period of rule extended 


54 



from 2015 BC to 1998 BC which covered the youth period of Abraham (p), who 
was born in the year 2019 BC. I believe that his first probation was when they 
wanted to set fire for him that had happened in the year 2000 BC, that is, when 
he was 19 years of age: 

[21-69] ((O Fire, 'We said,' be coolness and safety for Abraham)) 

The order of this verse in the context of the story of Abraham in Surat Al Anbiya' 
(#21) is 19. 

However, Nimrud was succeeded in power by his son Sholgi whose rule had 
extended for 48 years. In the year 23 he claimed divinity. Perhaps he was the king 
who had been mentioned in the Holy Quran in Surat Al Baqara (#2) verse 258: 

[2-258]((Have you not seen he who argued with Abraham about his Lord that 
Allah had given him the kingship! When Abraham said: 'My Lord is He who 
revives, and causes to die.' He said: 'I revive, and cause to die.' Abraham said: 
'Allah brings up the sun from the east; so you bring it from the west!' Then he 
who disbelieved became pale. Allah does not guide the nation, the harm 
doers)). 


2.5.3) Abraham in Egypt 

As for Abraham's (p) stay in Egypt, some of the old historians said that he stayed 
there for 10 years. According to his dates he had witnessed the early kings of the 
Twelfth Dynasty (Amenemhat I + Senusret I + Amenemhat II). Abraham had 
married an Egyptian woman. She is our mother Hajer, the mother of Ismael (p). 
(According to the Bible, Hajer was a servant given by the Pharaoh to Sarah the 
wife of Ibrahim (p)). 


55 



Probably she took this name (Hajer) due to her migration (Hijra), and her real 
Egyptian name might be (Baqqa) that was distorted to (Bakkah) and then to 
Mecca; which was given to the place where she was the first to dwell and live in. 

In the tombs of Bani Hassan in Egypt, this name (Baqat/Baqah) was frequently 
mentioned as it is used by women and men (Bani Hassan is a small village located 
20 km south of Alminya in Egypt). The most famous of these tombs is BH3 to its 
owner (Khnom Hotep II) who was the mayor of (Menat-Chufo) municipality and 
was in charge of the eastern desert; the name of his father was Neheri. Was this 
man (Nahor) the brother of Ibrahim (p)? 

The most significant drawings of this (Tomb) graveyard are portrait for a group of 
Asians; which is still concealing its secrets within itself, and requires more 
examination and details. Artabanos (one of the ancient historians) said that most 
of those who were with Abraham (p), had favored the luxurious life and the stay 
in Egypt rather than going back to Palestine. 


2.5.4) Dates of Abraham (p) 

Now, let's discuss some of the dates that locate the march of Abraham (p): 

1) Surat Al Ala (#87) as have been mentioned earlier has 296 letters. These letters 
tell us about the total life of Abraham (p) and Moses (p) 

175 +121 = 296years 

As for the Surat 72 words, they indicate the date of the death of Moses (p) in 
1372 BC. Its 19 verses refer to the birth date of Abraham (p) in 2019 BC. 


56 



2) Surat Al Nahl (#16) (where only Abraham name was mentioned in it). Its 1844 
words were dating for his death inl844 BC. 

I think its 128 verses refer to his age when he built the Ka'ba, and called for the 
Hajj in 1891 BC 

2019 BC-128 = 1891 BC 

As well as the order of the word (Bayt) house in the verse [3-96] ((The first House 
ever to be built for people was that at Bakkah (Mecca) blessed and a guidance 
for the worlds))is 1626, converting this number into years we find that it is the 
time interval between the building of the Ka'ba and the awaken of the People of 
the Cave in 265 BC. 

1891-265 BC = 1626 years 

3) As for the 175 words of Surat Al Jumu'ah (#62); they probably refer to the age 
he lived (175 years). 

4) The words of Surat Hud (#11) are 1917 words, equivalent to 1917 years; the 
time difference between the birth of Hud (p) and the death of Abraham (p). 

3761 BC - 1844BC = 1917 years 

5) The words of Surat Al Hijr (#15) are 654 words; they are equivalent to 654 
years; the time difference between the death of Abraham (p) and the destruction 
of Thamud in 2498 BC 

2498 BC - 1844 BC = 654 years 


57 



6) The words of Surat Al Hajj (#22) are 1274 words; this number is equivalent to 
the time difference between the death of Abraham (p) and perhaps the building 
of the Ka'ba by Hud in 3118 BC for the first time. 

3118 BC - 1844 BC = 1274 years 

7) The words of Surat Al Rahman (#55) are 351 words are equivalent to the time 
difference between the death of Abraham (p) in 1844 BC and the birth of Moses 
(p) in 1493 BC. 

1844 BC - 1493 BC = 351 years 

8) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Sajdah (#32) is242 times; 
equivalent to the time difference between the birth of Abraham (p) in 2019 BC 
and the birth of Joseph (p) in the year 1777 BC 

2019 BC - 1777 BC = 242 years 

9) The verses of Surat Al Baqarah (#2) are 286. This number is the sum total of the 
ages of Abraham (p) and Joseph (p) 

175+ 111 = 286 years 

10) The words of Surat Ibrahim (#14) are 830 words equivalent to the time 
difference between the death of Abraham (p) and killing of Goliath by David (p) in 
the year 1014 BC. 

1844 BC - 1014 BC = 830 years 

Where the number of its 52 verses might be equal to the age of Abraham (p) 

when he left his native place (Ur) heading northwest to Harran. 

58 



11) As for the 416 letters in the story of Abraham (p) in Surat Ibrahim (#14), they 
are equivalent to the time difference between the birth of Abraham and the birth 
of Shu'ayb (peace be upon them) in the year 1603 BC. 


2019-1603 = 416 years 

12) The words of Surat Al Taghabun (#64) are 241 words; they are equivalent to 
the time difference between the death of Abraham and the birth of Shu'ayb 
(peace be upon them) 

1844 BC - 1603 BC = 241 years 

13) The words of Surat Saba' (#34) are 883 words; they are equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Abraham (p) and the death of David (p) 


1844 BC - 961 BC = 883 years. 

14) The words of Surat Al Kahf (the Cave) (#18) are (1579) words; they are 
equivalent to the time difference between the death of Abraham and the 
awakening of the People of the Cave in (265) BC 

1844 BC - 256 BC = 1579 years 

15) The words of Surat Al Mujadela (#58) are 472 words; they are equivalent to 
the time interval between the death of Abraham (p) and the death of Moses (p) in 
the year 1372 BC. 

1844 BC - 1372 BC = 472 years 


59 



16) The words of Surat Al Mumtahanah (#60) are 348 words; they are equivalent 
to the time interval between the death of Abraham (p) and the birth of Aaron (p) 
in the year 1496 BC 

1844 BC - 1496 BC = 348 years 

17) The words of Surat Al Nur (#24) are 1316 words; they are equivalent to the 
time interval between the death of Abraham (p) and the death of Ezra/Uzayr (first 
death) in the year 528BC 

1844 BC - 528 BC = 1316 years 

18) The words of Surat Al Waqi'ah (#56) are 379 words; they are equivalent to the 
time interval between the death of Abraham (p) and the date of the refuge of 
Moses (p) to Median in the year 1465 BC. 

1844 BC - 1465 BC = 379 years. 

19) The letters of Surat Al Jinn (#72) are 1096 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Ibrahim (p) and the death of Sulayman/ Solomon (p) 

2019 BC - 923 BC = 1096 years. 

20) The verses of Surat Al Hajj (#22) are 78 verses, equivalent to the time interval 
between the death of Ibrahim (p) and the death of his son Ismael (p) 

1844 BC - 1766 BC = 78 years. 

21) The words of Surat Al Shura (#42) are 860 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the construction of Ka'ba by Ibrahim (p) and the birth of Dawud/ 
David (p) 


60 



1891 BC - 1031 BC = 860 years. 


22) The letters of Surat Al Muzzammil (# 73) are 850 letters, equivalent to the 
time interval between the construction of Ka'ba by Ibrahim (p) and the start of 
Saul kingdom 

1891 BC - 1041 BC = 850 years. 

23) The words of Surat Ibrahim (#14) = the words of Surat Al Zukhruf (#43) = 830 
words, equivalent to the time interval between the construction of Ka'ba and the 
death of Judge Eli 

1891 BC - 1061 BC = 830 years. 

24) The words of Surat Al Shura (#42) are 860 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Ibrahim (p) and the birth of the Judge Eli 

2019 BC - 1159 BC = 860 years. 

25) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and meem in Surat Luqman (#31) is 
800 times, equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Ibrahim (p) and 
the death of Pharaoh Ramses II 

2019 BC - 1219 BC = 800 years. 

26) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Ra'd (#13 ) is 557 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Ibrahim (p) and the death of 
Pharaoh Hatshepsut 

2019 BC - 1462 BC = 557 years. 

61 



27) The letters of Surat Al Buruj (#85) are 463 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Ibrahim (p) and the end of the Hyksos state 

2019 BC - 1556 BC = 463 years. 

28) The letters of Surat Al Tin (#95) are 157 letters, equivalent to the time interval 
between the death of Ibrahim (p) and the death of Ephraim 

1844 BC - 1687 BC = 157 years. 

29) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Dukhan (#44) is 147 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Ibrahim (p) and the death of 
Manasseh 

1844 BC - 1697 BC = 147 years. 

30) The letters of Surat Al Fatihah (#l)are 139 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Azar and the birth of Ibrahim (p) 

2158 BC - 2019 BC = 139 years. 

31) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Rum (#30) is 314 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Azar and the death of Ibrahim 
(P) 

2158 BC - 1844 BC = 314 years. 

32) The words of Surat Al Ma'arij (#70) are 217 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Aber and the birth of Ibrahim (p) 


62 



2236 BC - 2019 BC = 217 years. 


33) The repetition sum of the letters ta, seen and meem in Surat Al Shoa'ra (# 26) 
is 607 times, equivalent to the time interval between the destruction of Thamoud 
and the construction of Ka'ba by Ibrahim (p) 

2498 BC - 1891 BC = 607 years. 

34) The letters of Surat Al Muzzammil (#73) are 850 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Aber and the death of Ibrahim (p) 

2694 BC - 1844 BC = 850 years. 

35) The words of Surat Sad (#38) are 733 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the death of Idris (p) and the birth of Ibrahim (p) 

2752 BC - 2019 BC = 733 years. 

36) The letters of Surat Al Tahrim (#66) are 1074 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Hud (p) and the construction of Ka'ba by Ibrahim 
(P) 

2965 BC - 1891 BC = 1074 years. 

37) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and meem in Surat Al Rum (#30) is 
1197 times, equivalent to the time interval between the destruction of Aad 
people of Hud (p) and the construction of Ka'ba by Ibrahim (p) 

3088 BC - 1891 BC = 1197 years. 

After mentioning all these dates related to Abraham (p), there are still a lot of 

63 



Questions 


[16-120] ((Abraham was (equal to) a nation, obedient to Allah, of pure faith and 
was not among the idolaters.)) 

[2-124] ((And when Abraham was tested by His Lord with certain words and he 
fulfilled them. He said: 'I have appointed you as a leader for the nation.' 
(Abraham) asked: 'And of my descendants?' 'My covenant,' said He, 'the harm 
doers shall not receive it.)) 

An idea I have, is that he was one of the greatest teachers of humanity, and that 
he who had put the first alphabet (Phoenician Alphabet); what the historians call 
the Sinai alphabet (relative to the Sinai), from which, at a later time all the world's 
alphabets, including Greek and Latin, had been derived. There is no evidence on 
that, but the Apostles were always the teachers of mankind. I believe that he was 
contemporary with the birth of the first alphabet on the Sinai Peninsula, and that 
he was a connection between the civilization of the Nile Valley and the civilization 
of Mesopotamia. I think that the graves of the Twelfth Dynasty in Lisht (a small 
village 40 miles south of Cairo) embody lots of secrets, especially about Abraham 
(P). 

2.6) Lot (p) 

His father, according to the Torah, is the brother of Abraham (p). Lot (p) was 
probably born in theyear 2025 BC. The destruction of his people might be in 1920 
BC, and his death in 1891 BC. 

These dates are indicated by: 

1) The letters of Lot's story in Surat Al Saffat (#37) are 106 letters,equivalent to 


64 



the time interval between the birth of Lot (p) and the birth of Isaac (p) 


2025 BC - 1919 BC = 106 years. 

2) The letters of Lot's story in Surat Al Naml (#27) are 211 letters, equivalent to 
the time interval between the death of Aber and the birth of Lot (p) 

2236 BC - 2025 BC = 211 years. 

3) The letters of Lot's story in Surat Al Shu'ara (#26) are 359 letters, equivalent to 
the time interval between the birth of Lot (p) and the death of Yusuf/ Joseph (p) 

2025 BC - 1666 BC = 359 years, 

4) The letters of Lot's story in Surat Al A'raf (#7) are 224 letters, equivalent to the 
time interval between the death of Lot (p) and the start of Hyksos state 

1891 BC - 1667 BC = 224 years. 

5) The verses of Surat Al Nahl (#16) are 128 verses, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Ibrahim (p) and the death of Lot (p) 

2019 BC - 1891 BC = 128 years. 

6) The words of Lot's story in Surat Al Qamar (#54) are 42 words, equivalent to 
the time interval between the birth of Ismael (p) and the death of Lot (p) 

1933 BC - 1891 BC = 42 years. 

7) The words of Surat Al Qasas (#28) are 1430 words, equivalent to the time 

interval between the birth of Lot (p) and the birth of Ezra/Uzayr 

65 



2025 BC - 595 BC = 1430 years. 


8) Thewords of Surat Al Fath (#48) are 560 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Lot (p) and Moses' refuge to Median 

2025 BC - 1465 BC = 560 years 

9) The letters of Surat Al Balad (#90) are 338 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Lot (p) and the death of Ephraim 

2025 BC - 1687 BC = 338 years. 

10) The words of Surat Al Mursalat (#77) are 181 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Lot (p) and the death of Ibrahim (p) 

2025 BC - 1844 BC = 181 years. 

11) The letters of Surat Al Duha (#93) are 166 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Lot (p) and the birth of Jacob (p) 

2025 BC - 1859 BC = 166 years. 

12) The words of Surat Al Ghashiyah (#88) are 92 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Lot (p) and the birth of Ismael (p) 

2025 BC - 1933 BC = 92 years. 

13) The words of Surat Abasa (#80) are 133 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Azar/Terah and the birth of Lot (p) 


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2158 BC - 2025 BC = 133 years. 


14) The words of Surat Yunus (#10) are 1833 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the destruction of Lot's people and the birth of Zechariah (p) 

1920 BC - 87 BC = 1833 years. 

15) The letters of Surat Al Muddaththir (#74) are 1024 letters, equivalent to the 
time interval between the destruction of Lot's people and the birth of Elijah/Elias 
(P) 

1920 BC - 896 BC = 1024 years. 


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Chapter III 


From Ishmael/lsmael (p) to Hatshepsut 


1933 BC 

Birth of Ismael/lshmael (p) 

1920 BC 

Destruction of Lot's people 

1919 BC 

Birth of Isaac (p) 

1891 BC 

Construction of Holy Ka'ba by Ibrahim (p) 

1891 BC 

Death of Lot (p) 

1859 BC 

Birth of Jacob/Ya'qub (p) 

1844 BC 

Death of Ibrahim/Abraham (p) 

1777 BC 

Birth of Yusuf/Joseph (p) 

1772 BC 

Death of Isaac/Ishaq (p) 

1766 BC 

Death of Ismael/lshmael (p) 

1743 BC 

Birth of older grandson Manasseh 

1741 BC 

Birth of younger grandson Ephraim 

1712 BC 

Death of Jacob (p) 

1697 BC 

Death of older grandson Manasseh 

1687 BC 

Death of younger grandson Ephraim 

1667 BC 

Start of Hyksos state (children of Israel) 

1666 BC 

Death of Yusuf/Joseph (p) 

1603 BC 

Birth of Shu'ayb (p) 

1556 BC 

End of Hyksos state 

1522 BC 

Birth of Pharaoh Hatshepsut 


Chronology Table 3 


68 




69 



3.1) Ismael/lshmael (p) 


Ishmael (p) was born in 1933 BC, and as mentioned in the Bible the age of his 
father Abraham (Ibrahim) when Ishmael was born was 86 years. 

2019 BC - 86 = 1933 BC 

His death might be in 1766 BC, 78 years after the death of his father, equivalent 
to the number of verses of Surat Al Hajj(#22) 

1844 BC - 78 years = 1766 BC 

What confirms the validity of these dates is: 

1) The letters of Surat Al Hadid (#57) are 2505 letters; they are equivalent to the 
time difference between the birth of Ishmael (p) in 1933 BC and the birth of 
Muhammad (p) in 572 AD 

1933+ 572 AD = 2505 years. 

2) The words of Surat Sad (#38) are 733. They are equivalent to the time 
difference between the birth of Ishmael (p) and the birth of Ayyub/Job in 1200 BC 

1933- 1200 BC = 733 years. 

3) The 14 repetition times of the letter (Ha) in Surat Al Dukhan (#44) are 
equivalent to the time difference between the birth of Ishmael (p) and the birth 
of Isaac (p) in 1919 BC 

1933 BC - 1919 BC = 14 years, (this is in conformity with what has been stated in 


70 



the Torah). 


4) As for his death, perhaps it was in the year 1766 BC. The 2389 letters of Surat 
Muhammad (#47) are equivalent to the time difference between the death of 
Ishmael (p) and the Hijra of Muhammad (p) in 623 AD. 

1766 BC + 623 AD = 2389 years. 

5) The repetition of the letter sin (s) in Surat Al Shu'ara(#26) is 93 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Jacob (p) and the death of 
Ishmael (p) 

1859 BC - 1766 BC = 93 years. 

6) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Fussilat (#41) is 273 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Ishmael (p) and the birth of 
Moses (p) 

1766 BC - 1493 BC = 273 years. 

7) The words of Surat Al Hashr (#59) are 445 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Ishmael (p) and the birth of Thutmose III (Moses' 
Pharaoh) 

1933 BC - 1488 BC = 445 years. 

8) The letters of Surat Al Inshiqaq (#84) are 440 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Ishmael (p) and the birth of Moses (p) 

1933 BC - 1493 BC = 440 years. 


71 



9) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Ghafir (#40) is 377 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Ishmael (p) and the end of 
the Hyksos state 

1933 BC - 1556 BC = 377 years. 

10) The words of Surat Al Saff (#61) are 221 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Ishmael (p) and the death of Jacob (p) 

1933 BC - 1712 BC = 221 years. 

11) The letters of Surat Al Zalzalah (#99) are 156 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Ishmael (p) and the birth of Joseph (p) 

1933 BC - 1777 BC = 156 years. 

12) The letters of Surat Al Ahqaf (#46) are 2627 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Noah (p) and the birth of Ishmael (p) 

4560 BC - 1933BC = 2627 years. 


3.2) Isaac (p) 

Isaac (p) was born after his father had become one hundred years old, as stated in 
the Torah, after the birth of his brother Ishmael (p) by fourteen years, so he was 
born in 1919 BC. This is confirmed by the repetition of the letter (Ha) in Surat Al 
Dukhan (#44) which is 14 times. His death might be in the year 1772 BC. That 
means he lived 147 years, indicating a repetition of the letter m (meem) in Surat 
Al Dukhan (147 times). 


72 



What confirms these dates is: 


1) Repeat of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al A'raf (#7) (2344 times) is equivalent to 
the time difference between the death of Isaac (p) in 1772 BC and the birth of 
Muhammad (p) 

1772 + 572 AD = 2344 years. 

2) The words of Surat Al Mutaffifin (#83) are 169; they are equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Isaac (p) in 1772BC and the birth of Shu'ayb (p) in 
1603 BC. Al Mutaffifin means defrauders, and defrauding was folk Shu'ayb 
feature. 

1772 BC - 1603 BC = 169 years. 

3) Repeat of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Ahqaf (#46) is 222 times, which is 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Isaac (p) in 1919 BC and the 
death of Jacob's grandson (Manasseh) in 1697 BC 

1919 BC -1697BC = 222 years. 

4) The repetition sum of the letters ha and meem in Surat Al Zukhruf (#43) is 363 
times, equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Isaac (p) and the end 
of the Hyksos state 

1919 BC - 1556 BC = 363 years. 

5) The words of Moses' story in Surat Al Kahf (#18) are 302 words, equivalent to 
the time interval between the death of Isaac (p) and the birth of Joshua Ben Noon 

(Moses' assisting youth, who was mentioned in Quran only one time and it was in 

73 



Surat Al Kahf) 


1772 BC -1470 BC = 302 years. 

6) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Qasas (#28) is 457 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Isaac (p) and the death of the 
Pharaoh Hatshepsut 

1919 BC - 1462 BC = 457 years. 

7) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Hijr (#15) is 458 times, equivalent 
to the time interval between the death of Isaac (p) and the end of the Second 
state (Moses' state) 

1772 BC - 1314 BC = 458 years. 

8) The repetition of the letter ya in Surat Maryam (#19) is 342 times, equivalent to 
the time interval between the death of Isaac (p) and drowning of Thutmose III 
(Moses' Pharaoh) 

1772 BC - 1430 BC = 342 years. 

9) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Yunus (#10) is 909 times, equivalent 
to the time interval between the birth of Idris (p) and the birth of Isaac 

2828 BC - 1918 BC = 909 years. 

10) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and ra (a, I, r) in Surat Ibrahim (#14) 
is 1156 times, equivalent to the time interval between the death of Isaac (p) and 
the death of Yunus/Jonah (p) 


74 



1772 BC - 616 BC = 1156 years. 


11) The repetition of the letter ha in Surat Al Jathiyah (#45) is 29 times, equivalent 
to the time interval between the death of Isaac (p) and the birth of Manasseh 

1772 BC - 1743 BC = 29 years. 

12) The words of Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) are 976 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Isaac (p) and the death of Elisha/Elyasa'(p) 

1772 BC - 796 BC = 976 years. 

13) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) is 341 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Isaac (p) and the death of 
Korah/Qarun 

1772 BC - 1431 BC = 341 years. 

14) The words of Surat Al Furqan (#25) are 893 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Isaac (p) and the birth of Elisha/Elyasa' (p) 

1772 BC - 879 BC = 893 years. 

15) The letters of Surat Al Takwir (#81) are 431 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Isaac (p) and the birth of Thutmose III (Moses' 
Pharaoh) 

1919 BC - 1488 BC = 431 years. 

16) The letters of Surat Al Bayyinah (#98) are 397 letters, equivalent to the time 

interval between the birth of Isaac (p) and the birth of Hatshepsut 

75 



1919 BC - 1522 BC = 397 years. 


17) The repetition sum of the letters ha and meem in Surat Al Dukhan (#44) is 161 
times, equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Ishmael (p) and the 
death of Isaac (p) 

1933 BC - 1772 BC = 161 years. 

18) The words of Surat Fatir (#35) are 775 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Aber and the birth of Isaac (p) 

2694 BC - 1919 BC = 775 years. 

19) The words of Surat Al Anbiya' (#21) are 1169 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the destruction of Aad people of Hud and the birth of Isaac (p) 

3088 BC - 1919 BC = 1169 years. 

20) The words of Surat Al Nur (#24) are 1316 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the destruction of Aad and the death of Isaac (p) 

3088 BC -1772 BC = 1316 years. 


3.3) Destruction of Lots' people in 1920BC 

(See Lot in the previous chapter) 


76 



3.4) Building of the Ka'ba in 1891 BC. 


(See Abraham in the previous chapter.) 


3.5) Death of Abraham in 1844 BC 

(See Abraham in the previous chapter.) 


3.6) Jacob /Ya'qub (p) 

According to the Torah, Jacob was born fifteen years before the death of his 
grandfather Abraham (p) and had lived 147 years, that means he was born in 
1859 BC and died in 1712 BC 

1844 BC +15 = 1859 BC 

1859 BC-147 = 1712 BC 

What enhances these dates is: 

1) The words of Surat Al Saff (#61) are (221) words; that is equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Jacob (p) in 1712 BC and the death of Shu'ayb (p) in 
1491 BC 

1712 BC - 1491 BC = 221 years 

2) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Dukhan (#44) is 147 times, 
equivalent to the age of Jacob (p) 


77 



3) The letters of Surat Al Qalam (#68) are 1264 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Jacob (p) and the birth of Ezra 

1859-595 BC = 1264 years. 

4) The total repetition of the letters ha and meem in Surat Al Zukhruf (#43) (h = 42 
times, m = 321 times) is equivalent to the time difference between the birth of 
Jacob (p) in 1859 BC and the birth of Aaron/Harun (p) in 1496 BC. 

1859-1496 BC = 363 years. 

5) The total repetition of the ha and meem letters in Surat Al Ahqaf (#46) (h = 34 
times, m = 222 times) is equivalent to the time difference between the birth of 
Jacob (p) in 1859 BC and the birth of Shu'ayb (p) in 1603 BC 

1859 BC - 1603 BC = 256 years. 

6) The letters of Surat Al Talaq (#65) are 1184 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Jacob (p) and the death of Ezra (first time) 

1712 BC - 528 BC = 1184 years. 

7) The letters of Surat Al Jinn (#72) are 1096 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Jacob (p) and the death of Yunus/Jonah (p) 

1712 BC - 616 BC = 1096 years. 

8) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Sajdah (#32) is 242 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Jacob (p) and the birth of 
Joshua Ben Noon 


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1712 BC - 1470 BC = 242 years. 


9) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Luqman (#31) is 337 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Jacob (p) and the birth of 
Pharaoh Hatshepsut 

1859 BC - 1522 BC = 337 years. 

10) The words of Surat Al Balad (#90) are 82 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Jacob (p) and the birth of Joseph (p) 

1859 BC - 1777 BC = 82 years. 

The dates related to Jacob's Grandsons (Joseph's children) are all referenced to 
the dates of the death of Jacob (p), as we shall see later. 


3.7)Joseph/Yusuf(p) 

The best evidence dating to Joseph (p), is the Surah given by his name; Surat 
Yusuf (#12). Its 1777 words are equivalent to the time difference between his 
birth and the birth of Jesus Christ (p), that is, he was born in the year 1777 BC, 
while the number of verses 111 tells us his age which is 111 years. Thus the date 
of his death is the year 1666 BC (in the Bible his age reached 110 years, but there 
are many differences in their interpretations for his birth and death time). 

What enhances these dates mentioned above is: 

1) The words of Surat Al Hujurat (#49) are 347 words; equivalent to the time 


79 



difference between the Joseph's birth (p) in 1777 BC and the Exodus of the 
Children of Israel out of Egypt in 1430 BC. 


1777 BC - 1430 BC = 347 years 

People of the Book stated that their stay in Egypt was 430 years. Whether we 
count the years from the date that Joseph (about 1760 BC) or Jacob (about 1730 
BC) entered into Egypt, there is a large gap (100 - 130 years) in estimating the 
length of this time period. 

2) The letter ya in Surat Yasin (#36) is repeated 236 times; that is equivalent to 
the time difference between the death of Joseph (p) in 1666 BC and the date of 
the Exodus from Egypt in 1430 BC. 

1666-1430 BC = 236 years 

3) The letter sin (s) in Surat Yasin (#36) is repeated 47 times; that is equivalent to 
47 years, which is the time difference between the birth of Joseph (p) and entry 
of the Children of (Bani) Israel with their father Jacob (p) to Egypt in 1730 BC. 

1777 BC - 1730 BC = 47 years. 

Glory to God the Knowing, the Wise, later on we will see how this repetition of 
the two letters (ya and sin) is also dating for Yunus(p). Is this coincidence or is it a 
book its verses tightened by the Wisest and Most Expert. Both two names begin 
with the letter ya and contain the letter sin. 

4) The fall of the Hyksos State (which is the first State of the Children of Israel) 
was in the year 1556 BC. It is as the words number of Surat Al Isra' (#17) (also 
called Surat Bani Israel). Between this fall and the birth of Joseph (p) is 221 years 

equivalent to the number of the words of Surat Al Saff (#61) 221words. 

80 



1777-1556 BC = 221 years. 


5) The death of Saleh (p) is linked with the death of Joseph with the words of 
Surat Sad (#38) (733words). 

2399-1666 BC = 733 years. 

6) As for the People of the Cave, the difference between the date of their 
awakening in the year 265 BC and the date of the death of Joseph (p) in the year 
1666 BC is 1401 years, which is equivalent to the 1401 letters of the story of the 
People of the Cave in Surat Al Kahf (#18). 

1666-265 BC = 1401 years. 

7) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Sajda (#32) is 242 times, which is 
equivalent to the time difference between the birth of Abraham (p) in 2019 BC 
and the birth of Joseph(p) in 1777 BC 

2019 BC - 1777 BC = 242 years. 

8) The words of Surat Al Ra'd (#13) are 854 words, which are equivalent to the 
time difference between the birth of Joseph (p) in 1777 BC and the death of 
Solomon (p) in 923 BC 

1777-923 BC = 854 years. 

9) The number of verses of Surat Al Baqara (#2) is 286 verses. This number gives 
us the total age of Abraham (p) and Joseph (p) 

175 years + 111 years = 286 years 

81 



10) The difference between the death of Jacob (p) and the death of Joseph (p) is 
46 years, which is equivalent to the repetition of the letter (ha) in Surat Fussilat 
(#41). 

1712 BC - 1666 BC = 46 years. 

12) The number of letters of Surat Al Dukhan (#44) are 1455 letters; they are 
equivalent to the time difference between the birth of Joseph (p) and the death 
of Alexander the Great (Thul Qarnayn) 

1777 BC - 322 BC = 1455 years. 

13) The total repetition of the letters (a, I and m) in Surat Luqman (#31) is 800 
times. It is equivalent to the time difference between the birth of Joseph (p) and 
the birth of Solomon (p), (a = 337, I = 293, m = 170). 

1777 BC - 977 BC = 800 years. 

14) The repetition of the letter m in Surat Luqman (#31) is 170 times, equivalent 
to the time difference between the death of Joseph (p) and the birth of Aaron (p). 

1666 BC -1496 BC = 170 years. 

15) The difference between the death of Joseph (p) and the birth of Moses (p) is 
173 years. It is equivalent to the 173 words of the Surah Al Naba' (#78). 

1666 BC - 1493 BC = 173 years. 

16) The words of Surat Al Kahf (#18) are 1579 words, equivalent to the time 

interval between the death of Joseph (p) and the birth of Zechariah (p) 

82 



1666 BC - 87 BC = 1579 years. 


17) The repetition of the letter ha in Surat Al Ahqaf (#46) is 34 times, equivalent 
to the time interval between the birth of Joseph (p) and the birth of his son 
Manasseh 

1777 BC - 1743BC = 34 years. 

18) The letters of Surat Al Najm (#53) are 1422 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Joseph (p) and the birth of Alexander the Great 
(Thul Qarnayn) 

1777 BC - 355BC = 1422 years. 

19) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al A'raf (#7) is 1161 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Joseph (p) and the death of 
Yunus (p) 

1777 BC - 616 BC = 1161 years. 

20) The repetition of the letter ha (h) in Surat Maryam (#19) is 174 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Joseph (p) and the birth of 
Shu'ayb (p) 

1777 BC - 1603 BC = 174 years. 

21) The words of Surat Al Mu'minun (#23) are 1050 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Joseph (p) and the death of Yunus (p) 

1666 BC - 616 BC = 1050 years. 

83 



22) The words of Surat Fatir (#35) are 775 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Joseph (p) and the death of Talut/Saul 


1777 BC - 1002 BC = 775 years. 

23) The repetition of the letter ra in Surat Yusuf (#12) is 255 times, equivalent to 
the time interval between the birth of Joseph (p) and the birth of Pharaoh 
Hatshepsut 

1777 BC - 1522 BC = 255years. 

Sometimes ago, TV series was broadcasted on the television screen bearing the 
name of Joseph. They tried to symbolized scenes from the Holy Quran in Surat 
Yusuf (#12), but they did so much wrong to history when they considered that 
Akhenaten was the king, who during his time Joseph (p) had lived. They had 
shortened the history by about four centuries. 

Some of them went into the opposite direction, considering that the Pharaoh of 
Moses is one of the Hyksos, in order to free his people from the characteristic of 
injustice that the Pharaoh was characterized with (as the Hyksos were strangers 
to Egypt). 


3.8) Grandsons of Jacob (Al Asbat, the sons of Joseph) 

They are mentioned in the Holy Quran in five places; four of them with definite 
article (Al) and combined with the name of Jacob (p), while the fifth is mentioned 
without definite article and without mentioning Jacob (p) along with them. By this 
it was meant the Twelve Tribes of the sons of Jacob who numbered twelve sons. 


84 



Following are the places where they are mentioned in: 


1) [2-136] ((Say: 'We believe in Allah and that which is sent down to us, and 
in what was sent down to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and Al Asbat; to 
Moses and Jesus and the Prophets from their Lord. We do not differentiate 
between any of them, and to Him we are submissive (Muslims).)) 

2) [2-140] ((Or do you say that Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and Al Asbat, 
were Jews or Nazarenes! Say: 'Who knows better, you or Allah? Who is more 
unjust than he who hides a testimony received from Allah? And Allah is not 
inattentive of what you do.)) 

3) [3-84]((Say: We believe in Allah and in what is sent down to us and in 
that which was sent down to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and Al Asbat, and 
in that which was given to (Prophets) Moses and Jesus, and the Prophets from 
their Lord. We do not differentiate between any of them. To Him we are 
submitters (Muslims).)) 


4) [4-163] ((LO! We inspire thee as we inspired Noah and the prophets after 
him, as we inspired Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and Al Asbat, and 
Jesus and Job and Jonah and Aaron and Solomon, and as we imparted unto 
David the Psalms.)) 

5) [7-160] ((We divided them into twelve Asbat(tribes), each a nation. And 
when his people demanded drink, we revealed to Moses: 'Strike the rock with 
your staff. 'Thereupon twelve springs gushed from the rock and each tribe knew 
its drinking place. We caused the clouds to cast their shadow over them, and 
sent down for them manna and quails, saying: 'Eat of the good things we have 
provided for you. 'Indeed, they did us no wrong, but they wronged 

85 



themselves.)) 


In the Church Forum, it has been said on the word Sabt/Asbat: 

"It is a noun from the word (Shebt) that means stick or a group led 
by a headman with a stick, that the sons of Joseph (p), Manasseh 
and Ephraim, where called out with." 

Jacob had grandsons from all his twelve sons, but who were especially mentioned 
in the Torah were the sons of Joseph (p), Manasseh and Ephraim, and those, 
according to the Torah, are who were blessed by Jacob (p). 

According to the Torah Yusuf (Joseph) (p) was released from jail at the age of 
thirty years, that is, he was released in 1747 BC and married after his release 

1777 BC - 30 years = 1747 BC 

It is not surprising that his children might have been born in the years 1743BC and 
1741BC. I have concluded this from the numbers of the aforementioned verses. 
Their lineage to Jacob has made the calculation process easier: 

1) The words of the first verse #136 of Surat Al Baqara are 31 words; they are 
equivalent to the time difference between the birth of the first grandson 
(Manasseh) and the death of Jacob (p) in 1712 BC 

1712 BC + 31 = 1743 BC, (the birth of the first grandson (Manasseh)) 

2) The words of the second verse #140 of Surat Al Baqara are 30 words; they are 
equivalent to the time difference between the death of the first grandson (the 
elder) Manasseh in 1697 BC and the beginning of the Hyksos rule (what remained 
from Jacob grandsons) in 1667 BC. 


86 



1697 BC - 1667 BC = 30 years 


3) The words of the third verse #84 of Surat Aal Imran are 29 words; they are 
equivalent to the time difference between the death of Jacob and the birth of the 
second grandson Ephraim (the younger) 

1712 BC + 29 = 1741 BC, (the birth of the second grandson (Ephraim)) 

4) The words of the fourth verse #163 of Surat Al Nisa' are 25 words; these words 
could give us the date of the second grandson death. It has come after 25 years of 
the death of Jacob (p) 

1712 BC - 25 = 1687 BC,(the death of the second grandson Ephraim) 

I believe that those grandsons had become kings in Egypt, and perhaps they were 
involved in verse 20 of Surat Al Maidah (#5) (in addition to the kings of the Hyksos 
state). 

[5-20] ((And when Moses said unto his people: O my people! Remember Allah's 
favor unto you, how He placed among you prophets, and He made you kings, 
and gave you that which He gave not to any other of his creatures)). 

The verse came in the words uttered by Moses (p), which means that those kings 
had preceded Moses. The Sons of Israel entered into Egypt, accompanied by their 
father Jacob (p) (Israel) in the year 1730 BC, and left Egypt accompanied by Moses 
and Aaron in the year 1430 BC, this means that they became kings during the 
period of their stay in Egypt (between 1730 BC and 1430 BC). 

As for Joseph (p), it has not been mentioned that he became a king, neither in the 
Holy Quran nor in the Torah. 


87 



Yes; they are the sons of Joseph (p); they are the grandsons of Jacob (p); they 
were among the most famous kings of the thirteenth Egyptian Dynasty. 

Now let us set their dates before looking at the validity of this theory. As we will 
see later, the grandsons took over the rule in Egypt; the older grandson 
(Manasseh) during the period from 1708 BC to 1697 BC, then followed by the 
younger grandson (Ephraim) during the period from 1697 BC to 1687. 

Accordingly Manasseh lived from 1743 BC to 1697 BC and Ephraim from 1741 BC 
to 1687 BC. However, the above mentioned data are presumptive. But as the 
references are numerous, the presumptions are considerably lessened and the 
chances of their validity increase. The following support their validity: 

1) The time difference between the birth of the first grandson (Manasseh) in 1743 
and the beginning of the sleep of the People of the Cave in 574 BC is 1169 years, 
which are equivalent to the number of the words of Surat Al Anbiya' (#21) (1169 
words). 

1743 BC - 574 BC = 1169 years. 

2) The death of the younger grandson (Ephraim) in 1687 BC is far away in years 
from the mission of the Prophet Muhammad (p) in 610 AD by about the 2297 
years, which is equivalent to the total repetition of the letters (a, I, and r) in Surat 
Yusuf (#12) (a = 1234, I = 808, r = 255) 

1687 BC + 610 AD = 2297 years. 

3) The death of the younger grandson (Ephraim) in 1687 BC is separated from the 
date of the Flood of Prophet Noah (p) in 5434 BC by 3747 years; this is equal to 

the number of words in Surat Al Nisa' (#4) (3747 words). 

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5434 BC - 1687 BC = 3747 years. 


4) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Aal Imran (#3) is 2351 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Ephraim and the mission of 
prophet Mohammad (p) 

1741 BC + 610 BC = 2351 years. 

5) The Repetition of the letter (ha) in Surat Taha (#20) is 250 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Manasseh and the birth of 
Moses (p) 

1743 BC - 1493 BC = 250 years. 

The time interval between the birth of Ephraim and the death of Shu'ayb (p) is 
also 250 years 

1741 BC - 1491 BC = 250 years. 

Someone who has no knowledge of the Holy Quran combinations might say: why 
did you choose the letter (ha) from the other letters of the Arabic alphabets, they 
are all repeated in all the Holy Quran Surahs? For those I would like to say that I 
did not choose, but it is God who choses and put it at the beginnings of 29 Surahs 
of the Holy Quran. The Muslims called them the scanned letters or initials of 
Surahs 

6) The repetition of the letter sin (s) in Surat Al Qasas (#28) is 101 times; it is 
equivalent to the time difference between the death of Abraham (p) and the birth 
of Manasseh 


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1844 BC - 1743 BC = 101 years. 


7) The repetition sum of the letters ha and meem in Surat Ghafir (#40) is 439 
times, equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Manasseh and the 
birth of Ramses II 

1743 BC - 1304 BC = 439 years. 

8) The repetition of the letter (r) in Surat Yusuf (#12) is 255 times; it is equivalent 
to the time interval between the birth of Manasseh in 1743 BC and the birth of 
Thutmose III in 1488 BC. 

1743 BC - 1488 BC = 255 years. 

9) The words of Surat Al Muzzammil (#73) are 199 words; they are equivalent to 
the time difference between the death of Ephraim in 1687 BC and the birth of 
Thutmose III in 1488 BC. 

1687 BC - 1488 BC = 199 years. 

10) The age of Manasseh was 46 years, which are equivalent to the repetition of 
the letter ha (46 times) in Surat Fussilat (#41). 

11) The repetition of the letter n in Surat Al Qalam (#68) is 131 times, equivalent 
to the time difference between the death of Ephraim in 1687 BC and the end of 
the Hyksos state in 1556 BC. 

1687 BC - 1556 BC = 131 years. 

12) The letters of Surat Al Najm (#53) are 1422 letters, equivalent to the time 

difference between the death of Ephraim and awakening of the Cave People 

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1687 BC - 265 BC = 1422 years. 


13) The words of Surat Qaf (#50) are 373 words; equivalent to the time difference 
between the death of Ephraim in 1687 BC and the fall of the Second State (Moses 
State) in 1314 BC. 

1687 BC - 1314 BC = 373 years 

14) The repetition of the letter m in Surat Al Ahqaf (#46) is 222 times, equivalent 
to the time difference between the birth of Isaac (p) in (1919 BC) and the death of 
Manasseh in (1697 BC) 

1919 BC - 1697 BC = 222 years. 

15) As for the repetition of the letter (a) in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) is 712 times, 
equivalent to the time difference between the birth of the oldest grandson 
(Manasseh) in 1743 BC and the birth of David (p) in 1031 BC. 

1743 BC - 1 031 BC = 712 years. 

16) The letters of Surat Al Haqqah (#69) are 1113 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval betweenthe death of Ephraim and thestart sleeping of the Cave People 

1687 BC - 574 BC = 1113 years. 

17) The letters of Surat Al Insan (#76) are 1078 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Manasseh and Yunus (p) being swallowed by the 
whale 

1743 BC - 665 BC = 1078 years. 

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18) The letters of Surat Al Saff (#61) are 945 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Ephraim and the death of Elisha/Elyasa'(p) 

1741 BC - 796 BC = 945 years. 

19) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Yusuf (#12) is 808 times, equivalent 
to the time interval between the death of Ephraim and the birth of Elisha (p) 

1687 BC - 879 BC = 808 years. 

20) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Hud (#11) is 791 times, equivalent 
to the time interval between the death of Ephraim and the birth of Elijah/Elias (p) 

1687 BC - 896 BC = 791 years. 

21) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Luqman (#31) is 337 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Manasseh and the death of 
Joshua Ben Noon 

1697 BC - 1360 BC = 337 years. 

22) The words of Surat Al Rahman (#55) are 351 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Ephraim and the death of Aaron (p) 

1741 BC - 1390 BC = 351 years. 

23) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Shura (#42) is 297 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Ephraim and the death of 
Aaron (p) 


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1687 BC - 1390 BC = 297 years. 


24) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Ra'd (#13) is 257 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Ephraim and the drowning 
of Thutmose III 

1687 BC - 1430 BC = 257 years. 

25) The repetition sum of both letters ta and ha in Surat Taha (#20) is 278 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Manasseh and Moses' refuge 
to Median 

1743 BC - 1465 BC = 278 years. 

26) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Fussilat (#41) is 273 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Manasseh and the birth of 
Joshua Ben Noon 

1743 BC - 1470 BC = 273 years. 

27) The letters of Surat Al Tariq (#86) are 253 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Ephraim and the birth of Moses' Pharaoh Thutmose 

III 


1741 BC - 1488 BC = 253 years. 

28) The words of Surat Al Saff (#61) are 221 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Manasseh and the birth of Pharaoh Hatshepsut 

1743 BC - 1522 BC = 221 years. 


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29) The repetition of the letter ra in Surat Al Hijr (#15) is 94 times, equivalent to 
the time interval between the death of Manasseh and the birth of Shu'ayb (p) 

1697 BC - 1603 BC = 94 years. 

30) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Dukhan (#44) is 147 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Ibrahim (p) and the death of 
Manasseh 

1844 BC - 1697 BC = 147 years. 

31) The repetition sum of the letters ta and ha in Surat Taha (#20) is 278 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Ibrahim (p) and the birth of 
Ephraim 

2019 BC - 1741 BC = 278 years. 

32) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Rum(#30) is 493 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Aber and the birth of 
Manasseh 

2236 BC - 1743 BC = 493 years. 

33) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) is 712 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Saleh (p) and the death of 
Ephraim 

2399 BC - 1687 BC = 712 years. 

34) The letters of Surat Al Jumu'ah (#62) are 755 letters, equivalent to the time 

interval between the destruction of Thamud (people of Saleh (p)) and the birth of 

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Manasseh 


2498 BC - 1743 BC = 755 years. 

35) The letters of Surat Al Ma'arij (#70) are 951 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Aber and the birth of Manasseh 

2694 BC - 1743 BC = 951 years. 

36) The letters of Surat Nuh (#71) are 953letters, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Aber and the birth of Ephraim 

2694 BC - 1741 BC = 953 years. 

37) The letters of Surat Al Tahrim (#66) are 1074 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the start of Idris' ruling and the death of Manasseh 

2771 BC - 1697 BC = 1074 years. 

38) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Yunus (#10) is 1224 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Hud(p) and the birth of 
Ephraim 

2965 BC - 1741 BC =1224 years. 

39) The words of Surat Al Haqqah (#69) are 258 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Azar/Terah and the death of Ephraim 

1945 BC - 1687 BC = 258 years. 

40) The letters of Surat Al Balad (#90) are 338 letters, equivalent to the time 

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interval between the birth of Lot (p) and the death of Ephraim 


2025 BC - 1687 BC = 338 years. 


3.9) Joseph (p) in Egypt (his life and his death) 

When Joseph's brothers plotted against him in envy of him and threw him in the 
well, some passing people picked him up out of the well and sold him in Egypt. It 
is believed that he was sold in the city of Armant, (20 km south of Luxor); it is the 
same city where Moses (p) was born. He entered into Egypt at the age of about 
17 years. He stayed in Egypt for a long time of about 94 years. He died in 1666 BC 
and was buried in Egypt. 

Later on, he was transferred by Moses (p) to Palestine. There in Egypt he got 
senior positions (whether according to the Holy Quran or the Torah). He must 
have left a trace as an evidence of him: 

1) It is stated in the Torah, Genesis (41-41) "Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, See, I 
have set thee over all the land of Egypt" (i.e. responsible for all of the land of 
Egypt) and in the same Genesis (41-45) Pharaoh called Joseph's name 
Zaphenath- Paneah and gave him Asenath daughter of Potipherah the priest of 
Own as a wife. He gathered the outlying areas of the land of Egypt. In the Genesis 
41-41 Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before the Pharaoh King of 
Egypt. Joseph went out from Pharaoh, and went throughout all the land of Egypt. 

2) It is stated in the Holy Quran in Surat Yusuf (Joseph): 

[12-21]((The Egyptian that bought him said to his wife: 'Make his stay 
honorable. He may benefit us, or take him for our son. 'As such we established 


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Joseph in the land, so that we might teach him the interpretation of visions. 
Allah prevails in His affairs, though most people do not know)). 

[12-22]((And when he reached maturity, we bestowed on him wisdom and 
knowledge. As such we recompense those who do good.)) 

And after the interpretation of the king's vision: 

[12-54]((The king said: 'Bring him before me. I will assign him to myself. 'And 
when he had spoken with him he said: 'Today, you are firmly established in both 
our favor and trust)). 

[12-55]((He (Joseph) said: 'Give me charge of the storehouses of the land, I am a 
knowledgeable guardian)). 

[12-56] ((And as such we established Joseph in the land to live wherever he 
liked. We bestow Our Mercy on whom we will, and we never waste the wage of 
the righteous)). 

3) From the above mentioned it is clear that the Holy Quran and the Bible in 
agreement that the job of Joseph (p) was land administrator, or what we call now 
Minister of Agriculture, but because of the state's reliance on agricultural 
economy, the land administrator had especial importance. 

4) From the dates derived from the Holy Quran we know that Yusuf (Joseph) (p) 
had lived during the period from 1777 BC to 1666 BC. This period of the ancient 
history of Egypt is period of the rule of the 13th Dynasty, which historians 
estimated by about 154 years, that stretched from about 1803 BC until about 
1650 BC.During this period, more than fifty kings ruled for short periods as is 
stated in the history of Manetho (the Egyptian historian and priest who was 

contemporary to the Ptolemaic in the third century BC). 

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The Torah states that Joseph (p) was thirty years old when he appeared before 
the king, this means that he received his new job in 1747 BC 

1777 BC - 30 years = 1747 BC 

And he married the daughter of the priest of Own. Then let us look for the land 
administrator on that date. Indeed, there was someone (whose name was 
Haanchef) in about 1750 BC. He was contemporary to King Sobekhotep II, and his 
name was mentioned in Papyrus Boulaq 18, that was found in the tomb of one of 
the scribes (clerks). It stated the regulations (lists) of what had been received and 
disbursed from the food rations at the Royal Court and the affiliates that were at 
that time in the city of Thebes (Luxor now) for special reasons, as the capital was 
in (Altawi) near Lisht south of Cairo. In this document, the name of the famous 
minister (Ankhu) and Queen Aya the wife of Sobekhotep II, were also mentioned. 

Now let us look at the name of Joseph (p) mentioned in the Torah; it is (Paneah) 
given to him by King Sobekhotep II. It is inverted name of the land official 
(Ha/anch/ef), the first & the last syllables were inverted but middle syllable was 
left as it was, as it consisted of one form that cannot be read inverted, perhaps 
the Kha and the Ha were merged to make it easier for them to pronounce, so they 
became (Paneah). I can sense the smell of Ibrahim's Hanafiat, in Joseph's name. 
Perhaps the name was Hanif. (In Hebrew P = F) 

I am wondering if the original version of the Torah was written in Hieroglyphs, so 
for that reason the people were compelled to read it inverted as the distance had 
become wide between them and the Egyptian civilization, or that the historians 
and Egyptologists who inverted it. 

What captured my attention was, the name of the person who bought Joseph 

(p), as well as the name of his father in law the Priest of Own. Both of their 

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names, according to the Torah, begin with the word ((Poti)), and I think it is only 
an inverted word of ((hotep)), especially as the letter ((p) is pronounced in 
Hebrew as ((ph)). In that historical period of time this name was widely spread, as 
seven of the kings of this Thirteenth Dynasty bore the name of (Sobek hotep ). 

Now let us look for the person who was called (Haanchef), and was the lands 
official (administrator) in the era ofSobekhotepll.lt is mentioned that one person 
only who was called by that name enjoyed a lot of importance, especially his sons 
who were the most important kings of the Thirteenth Dynasty. The name of this 
man was Haanchef and the name of his wife was Kemit, which means the 
Egyptian. It is said that she was the daughter of Amenhotep IV (of the late kings of 
the Twelfth Dynasty). His father was named Nehy. I think this means the 
worshiper and His mother was named Senebtisi. 

As for his title, it was the title of who did not bear royal origins but common 
origins. He was nicknamed as the father of kings or the Lord of lords, he and his 
sons were boosting by their folk origins (perhaps it was humility of prophets). His 
sons were the two brothers Neferhotep I (ruled Egypt around 1708 until 1697 BC) 
and Sobekhotep IV (ruled Egypt between 1697 BC and 1687 BC). Between them a 
third person appeared, named Sihathor. Certain historians said that he was the 
son of Neferhotepl, and some said that he was his brother who ruled for months 
while some said that he was only a prince and did not assume power. 

But who succeeded both of them in power was Sobekhotep V (ruled Egypt from 
1687 BC to 1683 BC). The historians presume that he was one of Sobekhotep IV 
sons, who were separated from the state of the Hyksos by a short period of time 
(16 years). Very little has been known about rulers of this short period till the 
power has been transferred to the east of Delta (State of the Hyksos). 

I think that the royal family of (Haanchef) is the same family of the lands 

administrator (Haanchef/Yusuf/Joseph) (p). What enhances my belief is: 

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1) There is no doubt in what Almighty God says: 


[5-20](((Remember) when Moses said to his people. 'Remember, my people, 
the favors which Allah has bestowed upon you. He has raised up Prophets 
among you,made you kings, and given you that which He has not given to any 
one of the worlds)). 

The talk about Bani Israel (the Sons of Israel) and their history began when Israel 
(Jacob) (p) have sought refuge in Egypt in the last years of famine that devastated 
the region (around 1730 BC). According to the story of the Torah they were 70. 
They left the region under the leadership of Moses (p), where the verse 
addressed to them in the words of Moses (p) after 300 years of their entry into 
Egypt in 1430 BC (It is the date of their Exodus as we will see later on). 

2) The Interrelating of events for the historians is often done in the context of 
civilization and concepts prevailing at the time (civilization polytheism) and 
(rulers' apotheosis). 

The problems of language have not been fully controlled. There are still a lot of 
differences about their interpretation, as all of them need further research and 
scrutiny, especially as regard to the two brothers Neferhotep I and Sobekhotep 
IV. 

3) The name of their grandfather was Nehy, (I think he was Jacob). His title was 
"the soldier protector of the city". Perhaps he was appointed by the King as the 
head of the garrison city in which they settled down in the East of the Delta, 
which was called in the Torah as (Goshen), and perhaps it is a weak translation for 
the word (Israel). I found out that the word Israel means the fighter, or warrior or 
Mujahid in Allah's path. 


100 



4) Historians say, probably they reached to the power through a coup d'etat, but 
it has never been said that any of them was previously influential or senior officer 
or commander in the army. 

What made them think so is that it was not clear that any of them had any 
relations with those kings who preceded them. They said, most likely this 
Neferhotepl had come to power through a military coup. 

But I think it is different than that; the king who preceded them in the rule of 
Egypt was named Sobekhotep III. The historians said that he was the commander 
of the Royal Guard before becoming the king. 

The Torah has mentioned in the Genesis (39-1) "But Joseph was sent to Egypt and 
was bought by Putiphar, eunuch of Pharaoh, the chief of the police". 

The Holy Quran says in Surat Yusuf [12-21] ((The Egyptian that bought him said 
to his wife: 'Make his stay honorable. He may benefit us, or take him for our 
son. 'As such we established Joseph in the land, so that we might teach him the 
interpretation of visions. Allah prevails in His affairs, though most people do not 
know.)) 

I do not think that the police are much differing from the Royal Guard at that 
time. Both were one, but the translators differed on the names. I do not believe 
that he was eunuch (as stated in some Bible translations), because the Holy Quran 
states that he had a wife, and also historians say that Sobekhotep III had two 
wives; the first was named (Nene) of whom he had two daughters, and a second 
was named (Seneb-Henas) from whom he did not have any children. I think the 
later was the woman who attempted to seduce Yusuf (Joseph) (p) (remark: her 
second name was Henas, it is read inverted (this time by the Egyptologists), but 
originally it was (Senah = Senat = Asenath)).The latest contest is what has been 

stated in the Torah, a name for Joseph's wife, (p). 

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Let us return back to Sobekhotep III. Perhaps he was who bought Joseph (p) and 
adopted him, and thus the throne moved to the sons of Joseph as he did not have 
a baby male to inherit the throne of Egypt. 

5) What drew the attention of the historians that those two kings (Neferhotep I 
and Sobekhotep IV) were too much careless to protect the eastern borders of 
Egypt, and they allowed the Bedouins of Asian to enter into Egypt (according to 
historians) till became stronger and established the state of the Hyksos later on, 
while those kings who ruled before them were very careful that no one could be 
able to enter into Egypt from the eastern side except those whom they wanted. 
They built the separation barrier to limit the migration of nomads and their raids. 

6) They used to say that their origins are from the north. The historians 
interpreted it as the Nile Delta, but it could also be interpreted the north of Egypt; 
the home of their parents; the south of Palestine. 

7) Senebe (may be driven from Seneb) was the treasurer of the finance house 
during the reign of the two kings, the brothers Neferhotep I and Sobekhotep IV. It 
is said that he was among the influential people in the royal court, and had close 
relations with the two mentioned kings, and his father was bearing the same title 
as the grandfather of the two kings (city garrison soldier).His name only was 
different; he was called Nebo (may be other name of Jacob). It is also said that he 
occupied his post because of his personal knowledge of the king Nefer-hotep I. It 
is said that: his death and his grave were unknown in time and place despite of his 
fame and his position. 

I have some doubt that this Senebe is himself Haanchef, and he himself is Joseph 
(p). His name that is mentioned in the Torah as Safinat probably had been 
modulated a little bit but its origin is Senebe.The name of Haanchef mother was 

Senebtisi, and perhaps the name of the woman who tried toseduce Joseph (p) 

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was Senebhenas the wife of Sobekhotep III. 


What has raised these doubts is that, what was well known to the historians 
about the 13th Dynasty, is that popular figures of this Dynasty had held more 
than one name, sometimes two names and sometimes three. This had increased 
the difficulty of tracing their history in a proper way. 

8) The Genealogists of ancient history of Egypt have estimated the birth of the 
Haanchef in about 1770 BC, which roughly corresponds to what has been 
prescribed by the Holy Quran for the birth of Joseph (p) in 1777 BC. As for his wife 
Kemit, they said that she was the daughter of Amenhotep IV (the last king of the 
12th Dynasty). They might have wrongly stated this figure because Amenhotep IV 
died tens of years before the birth of Joseph (p). The figure might probably have 
been the V or the VI instead of the IV. There were others who had bore this name 
(Amenhotep V and VI) from the kings of the 13th Dynasty and perhaps her two 
sons inherited the throne through her. 

It has been stated in the Torah that the name of Joseph's wife was Asenath and 
she was the daughter of the high priest of Own (Hiliobolis = Ain Shams).Her father 
might have become a king later on, as often the senior priests became kings, and 
thus the throne was transferred through her to her two sons. 

As for the birth dates of the two brothers Neferhotep I and Sobekhotep IV, and 
their middle brother (if he existed), the Genealogist Bernd Yosef Jansin site 
(www.berndjosefjansen.de), mentioned that: 

Neferhotep I was born in 1745 BC 

Sihathur was born in 1743 BC 

Sobekhotep IV was born in 1740 BC 

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This is approximately in line with what has been defined by the Holy Quran 
regarding the dates of Jacob's grandsons, the date 1743 BC is for the elder one 
and the date 1741 BC is for the younger one. But as regard for the middle 
grandson, perhaps he did not exist as there is a dispute among historians. There 
might be a third grandson in the middle between Manasseh and Ephraim but has 
been forgotten by Bani Israel (Children of Israel), because he did not leave any 
offspring to remind others of him, God only knows best. 

In his book "The chronology of Manetho", Georg Friedrich Unger tells that 
Neferhotep I is the son of the Prophet Haanchef and that the origin of the family 
is from Armant (the city in which Joseph (p) was sold), which was before the 
capital of the province before Thebes (Luxor) has become its capital. The most 
famous who was born in Armant was Moses (p), in addition to Sheikh Abdul Basit 
Abdul Samad (God bless his soul) in modern history. The dates of the Haanchefs 
deaths, I presume, correspond with the dates of the grandsons' death. 

9) Now to the most important point in the topic; the similarity of Joseph's sons 
(Grandsons of Jacob) and what they had of children (male), with Haanchef two 
sons and what they had of children. 

In the Torah, it is stated that Joseph had two sons; the elder was called Manasseh, 
who had two boys:Machir who was the great grandfather of all the branch of 
Manasseh; and the second boy was named Yesriel/Asriel who did not leave 
behind any of the male successors. 

The younger son of Joseph was called Ephraim, who had four boys Shuthelah, 
Eser, Elead, Beriah (see www.stammbaum-der-bibel.de) 

What was reported by the historians about Haanchef sons: the two kings 

Neferhotep I and Sobekhotep IV, is that Neferhotep I had two sons (Haanchef and 

104 



Wahneferhotep), and that he had ruled eleven years, from 1708 BC to 1697 BC. 


The younger son of Haanchef was Sobekhotep IV who had four children, 
(Haanchef, Sihathor, Sobekhotep V (perhaps he succeeded his father in power) 
and Sobekhotep-djaja). But as for his rule, it was for ten years from 1697 BC to 
1687 BC. 

Scholars differed over one of the figures called Sihathor. Some say that he had 
ruled for several months in the later days of King Neferhotep I, where he was 
their middle brother. Some say that he was just a prince, did not rule and did not 
leave any male after him. 

Are these just coincidences or Manasseh was himself King Neferhotep I, Ephraim 
was Sobekhotep IV, Haanchef was Joseph (p), his father Nehy was Jacob (p) and 
Senebitisi was his mother Rachel? Despite what was said about her, that she was 
buried in Bethlehem (Ephrata). She might have been another Rachel. 

[12-99]((And when they entered before Joseph, he took his father and mother 
into his arms and said: 'Welcome to Egypt, safe, if Allah wills!)) 

I have some doubt (just a doubt) on one of the tombs that had been found near 
the Pyramid of Amenemhat I (the founder of the Twelfth Dynasty). In the 
Mastaba No. 758 near the above mentioned Pyramid, which was for the minister 
Senosert, 16 secondary tombs were found mostly exhumed (perhaps) by 
cemetery graves thieves, except for one grave that was for a lady from the elite 
(because of the nature of jewelry that was found along with her). Her name is in 
agreement with the name of Joseph's (Haanchef =Yusuf) mother that was 
Senebtisi. Initially they referred her to the period of the 12th Dynasty and then 
they referred her to the period of the 13th Dynast, and gave her grave the No. 
763. Currently its mummy is in the Metropolitan Museum in New York.What has 

increased my doubts is that the mummy was faced towards Jerusalem 

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(northeast). However, the archaeologists had justified that because of space 
limitations.Can the (DNA) biologists prove or negate this suspicion? Can the 
archaeologists exhume the 16 secondary graves, as there might have been the 
graves of Yusuf (p) and his sons among them? 

What had drawn the attention of the Egyptologists that those three kings, the two 
brothers Neferhotep I and Sobekhotep IV in addition to King Sobekhotep III 
(whom they succeeded to the throne) were proud of their modest origins (non¬ 
royal), contrary to what has been the practice of the kings of Egypt, who were 
keen to show their royal origins, even if they have to impersonate false figures to 
prove their right to the throne. 

One final note: It has been mentioned in Papyrus Boulaq 18 that the king 
(Sobekhotep II) met a delegation of Nubians (Nubian was at that time the most 
important sources of slavery in Egypt). I think this delegation were Jacob and his 
sons who came with Joseph to meet the king (according to Torah). Might be 
Egyptologists got confused especially that Jacob Egyptian name (Nehy) was 
related to slavery and servitude. 


3.10) State of the Hyksos 

The Hyksos state began with the end of the 13th Dynasty, and the best to date 
them in the holy Quran is Surat Al Isra' (#17) (other name: Surat Bani Israel). The 
words of this Surah are 1556 words; they are equivalent to the date of their fall 
(1556 BC). According to the historians their state had fallen in about 1550 BC, 
after having ruled the northern and central Egypt about 110 years. 

The number of verses in Surat Al Isra' are 111 verses; equivalent to the years of 
the rule of this state. If the end of this state was in 1556 BC, then the beginning 


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will be: 


1556 BC + 111 years = 1667 BC 

That is before the death of Joseph (p) in 1666 BC by one year, and this might have 
been the engine that had transferred the power to the east of the Delta where his 
brothers and their children lived when they came to Egypt in 1730 BC. 

[17-l]((Exalted is He who carried His worshiper (Prophet Muhammad) to travel 
in the night from the Sacred Mosque to the Furthest Mosque which we have 
blessed around it so that we might show him some of our signs. He is the 
Hearer, the Seer.))[17-2] We gave Moses the Book and made it a guide 
for the Children of Israel. 'Take no guardian other than Me. [17-3] (You are) the 
descendants of those whom we carried (in the Ark) with Noah. He was a truly 
thankful worshiper.' [17-4]And we decreed for the Children of Israel in the 
Book: 'You shall corrupt the land twice, and you shall ascend exceedingly high.' 
[17-5] And when the promise of the first came, we sent against you our 
worshipers, those of great might, and they went through the habitations, and 
the promise was accomplished. [17-6] Then, we gave the turn back to you to 
prevail over them, and we helped you with wealth and children, and made you 
the greater host. [17-7] (We said): 'If you do good; it shall be for your own 
souls; but if you do evil it is likewise. 'And when the second promise came (We 
sent them against you), to sadden your faces and to enter the Mosque as they 
entered it the first time, they utterly destroyed whatever they came across. 
[17-8] Perhaps Allah will have mercy on you. But if you return, we will return. 
We have made Gehennam (Hell) a prison for the unbelievers. [17-9] This Koran 
guides to the straightest way. It gives glad tidings of a great wage to the 
believers, who do good deeds. 

Historians called them the shepherd kings, and some had called them the 

stranger kings. Both descriptions apply on Bani Israel (the children of Israel). Some 

107 



of ancient historians said that they were the children of Israel (the Jewish 
historian Josephus), but current Historians are unanimous that they were of Asian 
origin (so, they called the peoples dwelling east of the delta). 

According to ancient Egyptians, they were of bad reputation. Their capital was 
Ovaris (Zwaan/ soan), located close to the (Tel Dab'a) east of the delta that many 
archaeologists frequently worked in it. The latest of them that is still excavating is 
the Austrian Mission. Tel Dab'a is located 8 km north Faqqous andl40 kilometers 
northeast of Cairo. In old days it was located on the distant branch of the Nile 
from the east (Albiloosy Branch). 

In the Torah, it was said that Joseph accommodated his father and brothers in the 
east of the delta, in a city or region called Goshen. However, the two cities, that 
were built by the Children of Israel for Ramses II are the (Pithom and Ramses). 
They are not far away from Tel Dab'a; they are in Quentir. The Hyksos were 
defeated by the founder of the 18th Dynasty (that was stationed in Thebes 
(Luxor)), Ahmose I, in 1556 BC. Ovaris city was completely destroyed so as not to 
resurrect once again, and the people of the city fled away with their families, and 
those who could not leave were captured and deported to the capital Thebes, 
where the journey of slavery began to the children of Israel in 1556 BC and was 
only ended at the hands of Moses (p) in 1430 BC. 

Those who fled to the north had holed up in a city called (Sharoheen) (Tel Al Ujool 
in the south of Palestine), where Ahmose I besieged them three years before he 
entered the city. Historian Manetho says that they were besieged in Jerusalem. 

[17-5] ((And when the promise of the first came, we sent against you our 
worshipers, those of great might, and they went through the habitations, and 
the promise was accomplished.)) 

The name of the habitations place in the English Bible is Goshen and in the Arabic 

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Version it is Jasan. If we want to derive the verb from "Jasan" (in Arabic) we say: 
jas, which means "went through" (see above verse). 

In the Book of Genesis (47-5/6) Pharaoh spoke to Joseph: your father and your 
brothers have come to you, the land of Egypt is before you, settle your father and 
your brothers in the best part of the land, let them live in Goshen. And if you 
know of any among them with special ability, put them in charge of my own 
livestock. 

They said that this land of Goshen lies east of the Delta, and were (wrongly) made 
their start of Exodus from there, when they went out of Egypt under the 
leadership of Moses (p). 

What enhances the dates of the Hyksos' state is the following: 

1) The words of Surat Al Anfal (#8) are 1234 words = the repetition of the letter 
alef (a) in Surat Yusuf (#12) which is 1234 times, equivalent to the time interval 
between the end of the Hyksos' state and the death of Alexander the Great (Thul 
Qarnayn) 

1556 BC - 322 BC = 1234 years. 

2) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and ra in Surat Al Hijr (#15) is 871 
times, equivalent to the time interval between the start of the Hyksos' state and 
the death of Elisha (p) 

1667 BC - 796 BC = 871 years. 

3) The letters of Surat Al Taghabun (#64) are 1072 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the start of the Hyksos' state and the birth of Ezra 


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1667 BC - 595 BC = 1072 years. 


4) The letters of Surat Al Mutaffifin (#83) are 744 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the start of the Hyksos' state and the death of Solomon (p) 

1667 BC - 923 BC = 744 years. 

5) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Sajdah (#32) is 242 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the end of the Hyksos' state and the end 
of the Second State 

1556 BC - 1314 BC = 242 years. 

6) The words of Surat Al Saff (#61) are 221 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Joseph (p) and the end of the Hyksos' state 

1777 BC - 1556 BC = 221 years. 

7) The repetition sum of the two letters ta and ha in Surat Taha (#20) are 278 
times, equivalent to the time interval between the death of Azar/Terah and the 
start of the Hyksos' state 

1945 BC - 1667 BC = 278 years. 

8) The repetition sum of the two letters ha and meem in Surat Al Zukhruf (#43) is 
363 times, equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Isaac (p) and the 
end of the Hyksos' state 

1919 BC - 1556 BC = 363 years. 

9) The letters of Surat Al Buruj (#85) are 463 letters, equivalent to the time 

no 



interval between the birth of Ibrahim (p) and the end of the Hyksos' state 
2019 BC - 1556 BC = 463 years. 

10) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al A'raf (#7) is 1161 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Idris (p) and the start of the 
Hyksos' state 

2828 BC - 1667 BC = 1161 years. 


3.11) ShiTayb (p) 

(1603 BC - 1491 BC) 

There are several indications for the date of his birth as well as the date of his 
death: 

1) The words of Surat Al Anbiya' (#21) are 1169 words; equivalent to the time 
difference between the death of Shu'ayb (p) and the death of Alexander the 
Great 

1491 BC - 322 BC = 1169 years. 

2) Total repetition of the letters (a, I, and m) in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) indicates 
the date of his birth (p); 712 repetition of the letter (a) + 550 repetition of the 
letter (I) + 341 repetition of the letter (m) = 1603, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Shu'ayb (p) and the birth of Jesus (p) 

1603 BC-0 BC = 1603 years. 


in 



3) The letters number of Shu'ayb story in Surat Al A'raf (#7) is 796 letters; they are 
equivalent to the time difference between the death of Saleh (p) in 2399 BC and 
the birth of Shu'ayb (p) in 1603 BC 


2399 BC - 1603 BC = 796 years. 

4) The letters number of Shu'ayb story in Surat Hud (#11) is 895 letters. They 
indicate the time difference between the destruction of Thamud in 2498 BC and 
the birth of Shu'ayb (p) 

2498 BC - 1603 BC = 895 years. 

5) The words of Surat Al Taghabun (#64) are 241 words; they are equivalent to the 
time interval between the death of Abraham (p) and the birth of Shu'ayb (p) 

1844 BC - 1603 BC = 241 years. 

6) The words of Surat Al Mutaffifin (#83) (which means the defrauders) are 169 
words, (defrauding was a common feature of his people). They are equivalent to 
the time difference between the death of Isaac (p) in 1772 BC and the birth of 
Shu'ayb (p) in 1603 BC 

1772 BC - 1603 BC = 169 years 

7) The story of Abraham (p) in Surat Ibrahim (#14) is 416 letters; they are 
equivalent to the time difference between the birth of Abraham (p) and the birth 
of Shu'ayb (p) 

2019 BC - 1603 BC = 416 years. 


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8) The words of Surat Al Saff (#61) are 221 words; they are equivalent to the time 
difference between the death of Jacob(p) and the death of Shu'ayb (p) 

1712 BC - 1491 BC = 221 years. 

9) Total repetition of the two letters (h and m) in Surat Al Ahqaf (#46) is 34 + 222 
= 256 times; this is equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Jacob (p) 
and the birth of Shu'ayb (p) 

1859 BC - 1603 BC = 256 years. 

10) The repetition of the letter noon (n) in Surat Al Qalam (#68) is 131 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Shu'ayb (p) and the death of 
Joshua Ben Noon 

1491 BC - 1360 BC = 131 years. 

11) The words of Surat Al Naba' (#78) are 173 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Shu'ayb (p) and drowning of Moses' Pharaoh 
(Thutmose III) 

1603 BC - 1430 BC = 173 years. 

12) The repetition of the letter ha in Surat Taha (#20) is 250 times, equivalent to 
the time interval between the birth of Ephraim and the death of Shu'ayb (p) 

1741 BC - 1491 BC = 250 years. 

13) The repetition of the letter ha in Surat Maryam (#19) is 174 times, equivalent 
to the time interval between the birth of Joseph (p) and the birth of Shu'ayb (p) 


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1777 BC - 1603 BC = 174 years. 


14) The repetition of the letter ya in Surat Maryann (#19) is 342 times, equivalent 
to the time interval between the death of Azar /Terah and the birth of Shu'ayb (p) 

1945 BC - 1603 BC = 342 years. 

15) The story of Shu'ayb (p) in Surat Al Shua'ra' (#26) contains 15 verses, 97 words 
and 413 letters, tells about the torment, which seized the people of Shu'ayb. It 
might be in the year 1506 BC, 15 years before his death (equivalent to 15 verses 
of the story) 

1491 BC +15 years = 1506 BC 

His age was at that time 97 years equivalent to the words of the story 
1603 BC - 1506 BC = 97 years 

The 413 letters of story are equivalent to the time interval between the birth of 
Isaac and the torment of Shu'ayb's people 

1919 BC - 1506 BC = 413 years. 

16) The letters of Surat Al Talaq (#65) are 1184 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the torment of Shu'ayb's people and the death of Alexander the 
Great 

1506 BC - 322 BC = 1184 years. 

17) The letters of Surat Al Insan (#76) are 1078 letters, equivalent to the time 

interval between the torment of Shu'ayb's people and revival of Ezra 

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1506 BC - 428 BC = 1078 years. 


18) The words of Surat Al Hashr (#59) are 445 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the torment of Shu'ayb's people and the death of Judge Eli 

1506 BC - 1061 BC = 445 years. 

19) The letters of Surat Al Balad (#90) are 338 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Ibrahim (p) and the torment of Shu'ayb's people 

1844 BC - 1506 BC = 338 years. 

20) The repetition sum of the two letters ha and meem in Surat Ghafir (#40) is 
439 times, equivalent to the time interval between the death of Azar/Terah and 
the torment of Shu'ayb's people 

1945 BC -1506 BC = 439 years. 

21) The words of Surat Al Furqan (#25) are 893 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Saleh (p) and the torment of Shu'ayb's people 

2399 BC - 1506 BC = 893 years. 

22) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Aal Imran (#3) is 1246 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Idris (p) and the torment of 
Shu'ayb's people 

2752 BC - 1506 BC = 1246 years. 

Some people thought that Shu'ayb (p) was the good Sheikh in Median, who 

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harbored Moses (p), and then Moses married one of his two daughters and raised 
his sheep for 10 years; but as we have seen Shu'ayb (p) died while Moses (p) was 
only two years old. Moses (p) was born in 1493 BC, and then Shu'ayb (p) died in 
1491 BC. 

If the above mentioned Sheikh was really Shu'ayb (p) in his older age, I don't think 
his daughters would have to wait for water, as all who were around him would be 
eager to serve him and his daughters. I think this Sheikh was one of those who 
lived at the time of Shu'ayb (p) and believed in him. 


3.12) Pharaoh Hatshepsut (born 1522 BC and died in 1462 BC) 

((Pharaoh's wife said to him: He will be a comfort to me and you. Do not slay 
him (Moses), perhaps he may benefit us, or we will take him for our son. But 
they were unaware)). Surat Al Qasas (#28), verse 9 

I think she was the one meant in the above mentioned verse. At that time (1493 
BC) she was the wife of her step brother Pharaoh Thutmose II.She was the one 
who adopted the child Moses. 

Her father was Pharaoh Thutmose I, her step son was Moses' Pharaoh Thutmose 
III (he was born in 1488 BC). Thutmose II died after 13 years in 1484 BC, since his 
son Thutmose III was too young (4 years) to assume the throne unaided. 
Hatshepsut served as his regent. Initially, she bore this role traditionally until, for 
reasons that are unclear, she claimed the role of pharaoh. Technically, she did not 
usurp the crown, as Thutmose III was never deposed and was considered co-ruler 
through out her life, but it is clear that she was the principal ruler in power. 

One of her most important advisors was Senenmut (Moses (p)), who built her the 


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famous temple Djeser-Djeseru (Holy of Holies), located at Deir el Bahri in Luxor. 


What enhances the dates of Hatshepsut is following: 

1) The words of Surat Al Hajj (#22) are 1274 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Hatshepsut and buildup of Mosque over the cave of the 
Cave People 

1522 BC - 248 BC = 1274 years. 

2) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and meem in Surat Al Rum (#30) is 
1197 times, equivalent to the time interval between the death of Hatshepsut and 
awakening of the Cave People 

1462 BC - 265 BC = 1197 years. 

3) The words of Surat Al Ahqaf (#46) are 643 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Hatshepsut and the birth of Elisha (p) 

1522 BC - 879 BC = 643 years. 

4) The words of Surat Luqman (#31) are 546 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Hatshepsut and the birth of the Queen of Saba' 

1522 BC - 976 BC = 546 years. 

5) The words of Surat Muhammad (#47) are 539 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Hatshepsut and the death of Solomon (p) 

1462 BC - 923 BC = 539 years. 


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6) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Shu'ara (#26) is 481 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Hatshepsut and start of Saul's 
kingdom 

1522 BC - 1041 BC = 481 years. 

7) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Ibrahim (#14) is 448 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Hatshepsut and killing 
Goliath by David (p) 

1462 BC - 1014 BC = 448 years. 

8) The letters of Surat Al Takwir (#81) are 431 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Hatshepsut and the birth of David (p) 

1462 BC - 1031 BC = 431 years. 

9) The repetition of the letter ha (h) in Surat Taha (#20) is 250 times, equivalent to 
the time interval between the death of Jacob (p) and the death of Hatshepsut 

1712 BC - 1462 BC = 250 years 

10) The words of Surat Al Saff (#61) are 221 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Manasseh and the birth of Hatshepsut 

1743 BC - 1522 BC = 221 years. 

11) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Luqman (#31) is 337 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Jacob (p) and the birth of 
Hatshepsut 


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1859 BC - 1522 BC = 337 years. 


12) The letters of Surat Al Bayyinah (#98) are 397 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Isaac (p) and the birth of Hatshepsut 

1919 BC - 1522 BC = 397 years. 

13) The words of Surat Al Muddaththir (#74) are 255 words, equivalent to the 
time interval between the birth of Joseph (p) and the birth of Hatshepsut 

1777 BC - 1522 BC = 255 years. 

The repetition of the letter ra in Surat Yusuf (#12) is also 255 times.As well the 
repetition of the letter ra in Surat Yunus (#10) is 255 times. 

14) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Qasas (#28) is 457 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Isaac (p) and the death of 
Hatshepsut 

1919 BC - 1462 BC = 457 years. 

15) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Hijr (#15) is 458 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the destruction of Lot's People and the 
death of Hatshepsut 

1920 BC - 1462 BC = 458 years. 

16) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Ra'd (#13) is 557 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Ibrahim (p) and the death of 
Hatshepsut 


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2019 BC - 1462 BC = 557 years. 


17) The words of Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) are 976 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the destruction of Thamud and the birth of Hatshepsut 

2498 BC - 1522BC = 976 years. 

18) The words of Surat Al Zumar (#39) are 1172 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Aber/Eber and the birth of Hatshepsut 

2694 BC - 1522 BC = 1172 years. 


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Chapter IV 


From 1500 BCto 1000 BC 


1496 BC 

Birth of Aaron (p) 

1493 BC 

Birth of Moses (p) 

1491 BC 

Death of Shu'ayb (p) 

1488 BC 

Birth of Thutmose III (Moses' Pharaoh) 

1488 BC 

Birth of Qarun (Korah) 

1470 BC 

Birth of Joshua Ben Noon 

1465 BC 

Moses' refuge to Median 

1451 BC 

Death of Satiah /Asia (wife of Thutmose III) 

1431 BC 

Subsiding of Qarun 

1430 BC 

Drowning of Moses' Pharaoh and Exodus 

1390 BC 

Death of Aaron (p) 

1372 BC 

Death of Moses (p) 

1360 BC 

Death of Joshua Ben Noon 

1314 BC 

End of the Israeli Second State 

1304 BC 

Birth of Ramses II 

1219 BC 

Death of Ramses II 

1200 BC 

Birth of Ayyub/Job 

1172 BC 

Descent of Sea People on the southern Levant coast 

1159 BC 

Birth of Judge Eli (about) 

1096 BC 

Birth of Samuel the Prophet (about) 

1092 BC 

Death of Ayyub/Job (about) 

1071 BC 

Birth of Talut/Saul (about) 

1061 BC 

Death of Judge Eli 

1058 BC 

Birth of Goliath (about) 

1031 BC 

Birth of David (p) 

1008 BC 

Death of Samuel the Prophet 

1002 BC 

Death of Talut/Saul 


Chronology Table 4 


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4.1) Aaron/Harun (p) 


He lived from 1496 BC to 1390 BC, which means he lived 106 years.He was born 
three years before his brother Moses (p) and died at the end of the wandering 
stage. 

What supports these dates is: 

1) The words of Surat Al Mumtahanah (#60) are 348 words; they are equivalent to 
the time difference between the death of Abraham (p) in 1844 BC and the birth of 
Aaron (p) in 1496 

1844 BC - 1496 BC = 348 years. 

As well the repetition sum of the two letters ha and meem in Surat Al Shura (#42) 
is 348 times. 

2) The Repetition sum of the two letters ha and meem in Surat Fussilat (#41) is (46 
+ 273 = 319); it is equivalent to the time difference between the death of Aaron 
(p) in 1390 BC and the birth of Talut/Saul in 1071 BC. 

1390 BC - 1071 BC = 319 years. 

3) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Luqman (#31) is 170 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Joseph (p) and the birth of 
Aaron 

1666 BC - 1496 BC = 170 years. 

4) The verses of Surat Al Shu'ara (#26) are 227 verses, equivalent to the sum of 


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Aaron's age and Moses' age 


106 years + 121years = 227 years 

5) The words of the story of David (p) and Solomon (p) in Surat Al Naml (#27) are 
413 words; they are equivalent to the time difference between the death of 
Aaron (p) in 1390 and the birth of Solomon (p) in 977 BC 

1390 BC - 977 BC = 413 years. 

6) The words of Surat Yasin (#36) are 725 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the death of Aaron (p) and Yunus (p) being swallowed by the whale 

1390 BC - 665 BC = 725 years. 

7) The letters of Surat Al Infitar (#82) are 329 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Aaron (p) and the death of the Judge Eli 

1390 BC - 1061 BC = 329 years. 

8) The words of Surat Al Inshiqaq (#84) are 107 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Shu'ayb (p) and the birth of Aaron (p) 

1603 BC - 1496 BC = 107 years. 

9) The letters of Surat Al Duha (#93) are 166 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the end of Hyksos' state and the death of Aaron (p) 

1556 BC - 1390 BC = 166 years. 

10) The words of Surat Al Rahman (#55) are 351 words, equivalent to the time 

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interval between the birth of Ephraim and the death of Aaron (p) 

1741 BC - 1390 BC = 351 years. 

11) The repetition sum of the two letters ha and meem in Surat Al Zukhruf (#43) is 
363 times, equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Jacob (p) and the 
birth of Aaron (p) 

1859 BC - 1496 BC = 363 years. 

Let us anticipate the events and recall what Aaron (p) was before the mission? 
(His and Moses mission to Pharaoh). In the two tombs of Senenmut (The Egyptian 
name for Moses before the mission), it was mentioned that he had only one 
brother who worked as a priest in the Egyptian temples. After Moses (p) had 
appointed his brother as a minister, he remained exercising priesthood, but 
polytheism was replaced by faith, the priesthood remained in his descendants till 
today. 

But the words of the Torah, that Aaron (p) was the maker of the Golden Calf, is a 
slur on the messengers of God, and as Aaron was temporarily silent about them 
until the return of Moses (p), did not mean that he was pleased with their actions. 


4.2) Moses (p) 

He was born in 1493 BC and died in 1372 BC; he lived 121 years. As was Abraham 
(p), Moses (p) was great figure and historic reference. As the Holy Quran 
determines the exact date of his birth and his death, it was easy to trace his 
movements and his character; and before we move on to define his history let's 
prove the validity of the dates: 


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1) In Surat Al A'la (#87), only Abraham and Moses are mentioned, but despite of 
its shortness, its 19 verses could indicate the birth of Abraham (p) in 2019. Its 72 
words indicate the death of Moses (p) in 1372, and its 296 letters are equivalent 
to the total ages of Abraham (p) and Moses (p). 

175 years + 121 years = 296 years 

2) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Rum (#30) is 493 times. This may 
indicates Moses birth date in 1 493 BC. It is also equivalent to the time difference 
between the birth of Moses in 1493 BC and David (p) assumption of power in 
1000 BC 

1493 BC - 1000 BC = 493 years. 

As well it is equivalent to the time interval between the death of Moses (p) and 
the birth of Elisha (p) 

1372 BC - 879 BC = 493 years. 

3) The letters of Surat Muhammad (#47) are 2389 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Hud (p) and the death of Moses (p) 

3761BC - 1372 BC = 2389 years. 

4) The number of letters in the story of Moses (p) in Surat Al Shu'ara (#26) are 
1625 letters; they might be equivalent to the time difference between the 
construction of the Ka'ba by Hud (p) in 3118 BC and the birth of Moses (p) in 1493 
BC 


3118 BC - 1493 BC = 1625 years. 


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((Verily, the first house (of worship) appointed for mankind was that at Bakkah 
(Makkah), full of blessing, and guidance for Al 'Alamin (mankindand jinn).)) 
Verse 96 of Surat Aal Imran (#3) 

It has been mentioned before that the order of the word "first" (awwal) in Surat 
Aal Imran is 1625 . 

5) In Surat Al Nazi'at (#79), only Moses (p) and Pharaoh are mentioned; and the 
order of the word Pharaoh in this Surah is 54. It is probably a sign to the years of 
the reign of Pharaoh Thutmose III (Moses 1 Pharaoh). Its 179 words are equivalent 
to the total age of Moses and his Pharaoh Thutmose III: 

121 years + 58 years = 179 years 

6) As we have mentioned earlier the 173 words of Surat Al Naba'(#78), are 
equivalent to the time difference between the death of Joseph (p) and the birth 
of Moses (p) 

1666 BC - 1493 BC = 173 years. 

As well it is equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Shu'ayb (p) and 
Exodus 

1603 BC - 1430 BC = 173 years. 

7) Surat Al Naml (#27), and what do we know about Surat Al Naml (the ants)? It 
has numerous secrets; it is numerous as the wonders of the ants. It is the only 
Surah that embodies second Basmalah (In the name of Allah, the Entirely 
Merciful, the Especially Merciful) within it; the location of this second Basmalah 
has a particular significance as it has come to confirm the validity of the theory in 

question (historical theory of the Quran code). 

126 



It begins with a brief story of the Messenger of God, Moses (p), and then follows 
the longest story of the Prophet Solomon (p), and the aforesaid Basmalah divides 
Surat AINaml into two parts: 


a) The part that precedes the Basmalah is 349 words; they are equivalent to 
the time difference between the death of Solomon (p) in 923 BC and the 
beginning of the sleep of the People of the Cave in 574 BC 

923 BC - 574 BC = 349 years. 

b) The second part that follows the Basmalah is 798 words; they are 
equivalent to the time difference between the death of Moses (p) in 1372 BC and 
also the beginning of the sleep of the People of the Cave in 574 BC 

1372 BC - 574 BC = 798 years. 

After these perfections, is there any chance for the coincidences of numbers? 

The letters of Moses story at the beginning of the Surah are 422 letters; they are 
equivalent to the time difference between the death of Moses (p) in 1372 BC and 
the construction of the Temple of Solomon (completed) in 950 BC 

1372 BC - 950 BC = 422 years. 

Also the repetitions of the two letters ta and sin (in the same Surah) have their 
indications to Solomon and Moses peace be upon them. The letter Ta is repeated 
27 times which is equivalent to the age of Solomon (p) when he completed the 
construction of the Temple in 950 BC 

977 BC - 950 BC = 27 years. 

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While the repetition of the letter (S) is 93 times, is also equal to the number of 
Surat Al Naml verses, and it might have been an indication to the birth date of 
Moses (p) in 1493 BC and it might have also pointed to other things yet to be 
discovered. 

8) The number of the letters of the story of Moses (p) in Surat Ibrahim (#14) is 301 
letters; they are equivalent to the time difference between the death of Moses 
(p) in 1372 BC and the birth of Talut (Saul) in 1071 BC 

1372 BC - 1071 BC = 301 years. 

9) The story of David and Solomon in Surat Saba (#34) is composed of 399 letters; 
equivalent to the time difference between the birth of David in 1031 BC and the 
date of the Exodus in 1430 BC 

1430 BC - 1031 BC = 399 years. 

10) The words of Surat Al Waqi'ah (#56) are 379; they are equivalent to the time 
difference between the death of Abraham (p) and the date of Moses' asylum to 
Median in 1465 BC. 


1844 BC - 1465 BC = 379 years. 

11) The words of Surat Al A'raf (#7) are 3320 words; they are equivalent to the 
time difference between the death of Moses (P) and the date of the discovery of 
the Scrolls of Qumran that are containing some parts of the Torah among the 
other things. 


1372 BC + 1948 AD = 3320 years. 


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Someone will say, but the scrolls of Qumran (near the Dead Sea, 20 km east of 
Jerusalem) began to be discovered in 1947? This is true according to the date 
which we were familiar with, but there is (as I mentioned before) simple mistake 
happened at the start of calculating the birth date of Jesus Christ (p). According to 
the calculation of the Holy Quran, it seems that Jesus (p) was born before the 
historians start dating for him by one year, which is the year 1 BC. 

I think the Ark of Covenant could be embedded there in Qumran along with the 
Tablets of Moses inside it (they were mentioned only in this Surat Al A'raf). 

12) The words of Surat Al Hujurat (#49) are 347 words; they are equivalent to the 
time difference between the birth of Joseph (p) in 1777 BC and the date of the 
Exodus from Egypt in 1430 BC 

1777 BC - 1430 BC = 347 years. 

13) The repetition of the letter ta in Surat Taha (#20) is 28 times; they indicate the 
age of Moses (p) when he sought asylum to Median. While the repetition of the 
letter ha is 250 times; it is equivalent to the time interval between the birth of 
Jacobs older Grandson (Manasseh) in 1743 BC and the birth of Moses (p) in 1493 
BC. 

1743 BC - 1493 BC = 250 years. 

14) The repetition of the letter ya in Surat Yasin (#36) is 236 times; equivalent to 
the time interval between the death of Yusuf (p) in 1666 BC and the date of the 
Exodus from Egypt in 1430 BC 

1666 BC - 1430 BC = 236 years. 

15) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Luqman (#31) is 293 times; they are 

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equivalent to the time difference between the birth of Moses (p) in 1493 BC and 
the birth of Ayyub (p) in 1200 BC 

1493 BC - 1200 BC = 293 years. 

16) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Ankabout (#29) is 341 times, 
they are equivalent to the time difference between the death of Moses (p) in 
1372 BC and the birth of David (p) in 1031 BC 

1372 BC - 1031 BC = 341 years. 

17) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Al Sajda (#32) is 151 times. They 
are equivalent to the time difference between the date of Moses' (p) asylum to 
Median in 1465 BC and the date of the end of the Second State of the Sons of 
Israel in 1314 BC 

1465 BC - 1314 BC = 151 years. 

18) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and meem in Surat Luqman (#31) is 
800 times, equivalent to the time interval between the Moses'refuge to Median 
and Yunus (p) being swallowed by the whale 

1465 BC - 665 BC = 800 years. 

19) The verses of Surat Al Saffat (#37) are 182 verse; they are the total of the two 
ages Moses (p) and Muhammad (p) 

121 years + 61 years = 182 years 

20) The words of Surat Al Baqara (#2) are 6117 words; they are equivalent to the 

time difference (as was mentioned earlier with Adam (p)) between the creation of 

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Adam (p) in 7610 BC and the birth of Moses (p) in 1493 


7610 BC - 1493 BC = 6117 years. 

21) The words of Surat Al mujadilah (#58) are 472 words; they are equivalent to 
the time difference between the death of Abraham (p) in 1844 BC and the death 
of Moses (p) in the year 1372 

1844 BC - 1372 BC = 472 years. 

22) The words of Surat Al Sajda (#32) are 372 words; they are equivalent to the 
time interval between the death of Moses (p) in 1372 BC and the assumption of 
David (p) the rule in 1000 BC 


1372 BC - 1000 BC = 372 years 

23) The words of Surat Al Mu'minun (#23) are 1050 words; they are equivalent to 
the time difference between the death of Moses (p) in 1372 BC and the death of 
Alexander the Great in 322 BC 

1372 BC - 322 BC = 1050 years. 

24) The words of Surat Al Rahman (#55) are 351 words. As mentioned earlier, 
they are equivalent to the time difference between the death of Ibrahim (p) and 
the birth of Moses (p) 

1844 BC - 1493 BC = 351 years. 

25) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Fussilat (#41) is 273times, 

equivalent to the time interval between the death of Ishmael (p) and the birth of 

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Moses (p) 


1766 BC - 1493 BC = 273 years. 

26) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Al A'raf (#7) is 1526 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Moses (p) and the death of 
Jesus (p) 

1493 BC + 33 AD = 1526 years. 

27) The words of Surat Abasa (#80) are 133 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Moses (p) and the death of Joshua Ben Noon 

1493 BC - 1360 BC = 133 years. 

28) The words of Surat Al Jathiyah (#45) are 488 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the refuge of Moses (p) to Median and the birth of Solomon (p) 

1465 BC - 977 BC = 488 years. 

29) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Ra'd (#13) is 257 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Ephraim and Exodus 

1687 BC - 1430 BC = 257 years. 

30) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and meem in Surat Al Sajdah (#32) 
is 548 times, equivalent to the time interval between the destruction of Lot's 
People and the death of Moses (p) 

1920 BC - 1372 BC = 548 years. 


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31) The words of Surat Al Fath (#48) are 560 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Lot (p) and Moses' refuge to Median 

2025 BC - 1465 BC =560 years. 

32) The letters of Surat Al Qalam (#68) are 1264 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Aber/Eber and Exodus 

2694 BC - 1430 BC = 1264 years. 


4.3) Pharaoh of Moses 

Before we go on to determine the dates of the Pharaoh of Moses, let's take a look 
at the calendars used at that time, which is still used till this day (with some minor 
amendment) 


4.3.1) Calendar 

Man has known the solar and the lunar calendars since ancient days. The solar 
calendar is constant throughout the seasons but the lunar is retreating backward 
because the lunar year decreases by about eleven days every year. The solar 
calendar is often used in all transactions, such as the administrative, commercial, 
agricultural and industrial. The lunar calendar was often used in religious worship 
and rituals. 

As for the Sons of Israel, they took the names of the months of their lunar 
calendar from the civilization of Mesopotamia: Nisan, lyyar, ..., Shvat and Adar. 
However, they wanted to fix the Lunar Year so they compensated the shortness 


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by adding an extra month every three years (almost) 


They exactly added 7 months through every 19 years, and the year to which they 
add the thirteenth month is called a leap year; the years they add to are the years 
number 3, 6, 8, 11, 14, 17, and 19, then they restart a new cycle. 

If we assume that Ashura = the 10th of Muharram for the Muslims = the 10th of 
Nisan for the Jews, corresponds to 03/20/2015 AD, it will happen again after 19 
years; that is in 03/20/2034 AD. 

For them the beginning of the creation is in the year 3761 BC, it is very much 
abbreviated, (as in the Holy Quran it is 7610 BC) and the archaeologists have 
transgressed it in their discoveries. 

It is a strange coincidence that this zero year (year 3761 BC), according to the Holy 
Quran it is the birth year of Hud (p). 


4.3.2) People of Pharaoh (Aal Pharaoh =Family of Pharaoh = Dynasty 
of Pharaoh) 

Pharaoh is mentioned in the Holy Quran (74) times including: 

54 times the word Pharaoh was not preceded by anything. 

18 times the word Pharaoh was preceded by Aal or People. 

2 times the word Pharaoh was preceded by "woman of" 

Pharaohs were accustomed to date for the years of their rule. It seems that the 


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first 54 times points out the years of Pharaoh's rule. Indeed this is the years of 
Thutmose III rule period as we will shortly see (Ramses II ruled 67 years). The 18 
times could be an index to the Eighteenth Dynasty, where the historians (the 
most ancient of them is Manetho: An Egyptian priest and historian who lived in 
the Ptolemaic era) have divided the history of Egypt into thirty dynasties. 
Thutmose III was the most famous Pharaoh of the 18 th dynasty, while Ramses II 
was the most famous Pharaoh of the 19 th dynasty. 

The 2 times refers to the woman of Pharaoh, and they are two different women. 
The first who had picked up Moses from the water and took him as a son; she was 
Hatshepsut, the wife ofThutmose II at that time, who (Hatshepsut) later on 
became a Pharaoh. As for Pharaoh's woman who believed in Moses (p) and in his 
message, she was the wife of Pharaoh Thutmose III and her name was Satiah. 

Now let's have a look at the Eighteenth Dynasty to which both Thutmose II and III 
belong. 

The first pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty is Ahmose I, started in about 1550 BC, 
and if we want to be more precise, the Holy Quran gives us the date of its 
inception in 1556 BC. This date is equivalent to the 1556 words of Surat Al Isra' 
(#17), which at the same time, is the date of the fall of the Hyksos state (the first 
height of the Children of Israel, and the date of being taken as prisoners and 
slaves to the capital, Thebes, in Upper Egypt). 

As they have been described by the Holy Quran they were (of a great might). They 
were the most powerful pharaohs of Egypt, so that the historians had nicknamed 
Thutmose III (Moses' Pharaoh) as the Napoleon of Egypt. The Egyptian Empire 
reached its zenith during their reign. 

Surat Al Anfal (#8) (other name: Surat Al Qital (fighting)) has been allocated to 
them in order to indicate their actions. 


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However, no one was mentioned directly in this Surah except the people of 
Pharaoh (Aal Phir'own). The words of the Surah are 1234 words; they are 
equivalent to the time difference between the date of the establishing of their 
state in 1556 BC and the death of Alexander the Great in 322 BC. 

1556 BC - 322 BC = 1234 years 

Also, if we look at verse 54 of the same Surah: 

[8- 541 ((Like Pharaoh's family and those who have gone before them, they 
belied the signs of their Lord, and so we destroyed them for their sins and 
drowned Pharaoh's family. They were all harm doers)). 

This is a second indication (number of the verse) that the drowning was in the 
fifty fourth year of the reign of Thutmose III. If we count the letters from the 
beginning of this verse until the word (and drowned), we will find that they are 54 
letters (this is the third indication) that are equivalent to 54 years, the duration of 
his reign, which ended by him being drowned. 


4.3.3) Thutmose III (Pharaoh of Moses) 

He lived from 1488 BC to 1430 BC. He was one of the most popular Pharaohs of 
Egypt. He was the sixth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty rulers. He is best 
known for his military campaigns that were about 17 campaigns. His state 
stretched from northern Syria to the fourth waterfall in Sudan in the south. His 
reign lasted for 54 years. In one of the campaigns, he crossed the Euphrates on 
ships (boats) he brought with him from Egypt; perhaps this is indicated in verse 79 
of Surat Al Kahf (#18): 


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[18-79] ((As for the ship, it belonged to poor people working on the sea. I 
rendered it imperfect because behind them there was a king who was taking 
every ship by brutal force)). 

According to historians, he was born in about 1486 BC and died in about 
03/11/1425 BC. But according to the Holy Quran dates he was born in 1488 BC 
and assumed power at the age of 4 years (trusteeship of his father's wife 
Hatshepsut). He ruled for 54 years and died drowned in 1430 BC. 

However, the best to date for him is Surat Al Qasas (#28). It is the most 
comprehensive Surah of the story of Pharaoh and Moses (p). Its 1430 words 
correspond to the date of his being drowned in 1430 BC, that also corresponds to 
the date of the Exodus of the Children (Sons) of Israel out of Egypt. 

If we look at the Hebrew calendar, which starts from the creation of Adam (p), 
thus Jesus Christ (p) as they believe, was born after Adam by 3761 years. If we 
want to know the Hebrew dating which corresponds to the year 1430 BC, (the 
year of their Exodus), it would be 2331 Hebrew. 

3761 BC - 1430 BC = 2331 Hebrew 

While the month and the day was the day of Ashura according to the Hadith of 
the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (p), when he ordered the Muslims to fast 
Ashura, by saying we are more deserving of Moses from them. The day of Ashura 
is the 10th of Muharram (the first month of the lunar year) corresponds with 
what was stated in the Torah the 10th of Nisan (the first month of the Hebrew 
lunar year). 

In case we ask someone to convert the Hebrew date into Gregorian and give 

him/her the figure (Nisan-10-2331 Hebrew), he/she will give us that it 

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corresponds with (March-11-1430 BC). As we mentioned earlier, this 
correspondence is not repeated but only every 19 years. 

When we go through the English Wikipedia, we find that the death of Thutmose 
III was on March/11/1425 BC. They may be right in determining the day and the 
month, but not the year, as regard to the location of the astronomical observer in 
ancient Egypt, whether it is in the south, middle, or north of Egypt. But if we 
follow the correspondence of 11/3 solar with 10/1 at that period, we will find that 
it had happened in the year 1430 BC as well as in 1449 BC, in 1468 BC and 1487 

BC ....etc., or in other direction inl411 BC, 1392 BC, 1373 BC.etc. Therefore, the 

closer and the mostright date to 03/11/1425 is 03/11/1430 BC. This is the date set 
by the Holy Quran. 

According to the Bible there are some (nearly) correct dates that can be adopted, 
such as the 480 years, that separates the start of Solomon (p) building of the 
Temple, and the Exodus from Egypt, which needs some adjustment, where it 
should be the date Solomon (p) completed building the Temple. 

David (p) died, according to the Holy Quran, in 961 BC. Four years later according 
to the Bible, Solomon began building the Temple. He continued building it for 
seven years, that is, he had finished its construction in 950 BC. Thus, the date of 
their Exodus (or the drowning of Thutmose III and his death) is: 

950 BC + 480 years = 1430 BC 

Some say that Ramses II might have been the Pharaoh of Moses. They mentioned 
in the Bible that, during the period of their enslavement, they had built two cities 
for Ramses, in the East of the Delta (Pithom and Ramses), but which period of 
enslavement was that? There is the first slavery period began with the fall of their 
first state, the State of the Hyksos in 1556 BC, that had ended with their 

departure under the leadership of Moses and Aaron (p) in the year 1430 BC, 

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where they wandered in the desert for forty years as a punishment for failing to 
fight with Moses (p). They entered into the Holy Land under the leadership of 
Moses (p) in the year 1390 BC, and founded their Second State there that lasted 
for 76 years till the year 1314 BC. After that the Pharaohs of the Nineteenth 
Dynasty (the Ramsis) began to take them as prisoners and slaves to carry out their 
construction projects, including the above mentioned two cities. This period can 
be called the period of the second enslavement period. The time difference 
between the two periods is at least 116 years: 

1430 BC - 1314 BC =116 years. 

As we may observe, it is impossible that Ramses II be the Pharaoh of Moses. After 
Moses (p) had lived 121 years, he passed away in the year 1372 BC, that is, before 
the birth of Ramses II in 1304 BC by about 68 years. 

As for what some people say that the Pharaoh of Moses probably was one of the 
Hyksos kings, we have seen that the Hyksos were the Sons of Israel who were 
enslaved by the Egyptians, killing their sons and sparing their women, fearing to 
return the ball to them. They were kings and perhaps enslaved Egyptians at that 
time. 

[3-140] ((and we bring these days (happy and sad) to men by turns,)) 

The only trace that had been found by the archaeologists, in which the Children of 
Israel were mentioned, was what they call the Stele of Merenptah (Israel-Stele). 
He was the son of Ramses II and his successor to the throne. In this Stele, he 
stated down his victories, including that his uprooting of the seeds of Israel. This 
act is normal as his father (Ramses II), his grandfather (Seti I), his father 
grandfather (Ramses I) and before them Horemheb, the last pharaoh of the 18th 
Dynasty; all had made military campaigns to the Levant countries and returned 
loaded with captives and plunders. 


139 



As for Akhenaten and his call for the unification of the gods, I think it was an echo 
to the message of Moses (p), as Akhenaten did not turn away from the sun 
worship, but wanted to renew and unify the gods so that he could get rid of the 
influence of the priests of Amon. He moved the capital to Tel El Amarna instead of 
Thebes (Luxor). There, the exterior state archive was discovered (Tel El Amarna 
Letters) on clay tablets written in the cuneiform, including some of the messages 
from their governors (Walis) in the Levant, especially from the governor of 
Jerusalem, seeking help from the pharaoh to save them from the danger of Al 
Abieru (Children of Israel) as they completed a period of 40 years wandering. 
However, nobody had listened to them. Akhenaten and his successors bulk of 
attention was their new religion until the military commander Horemheb was 
able to restore things to the state it was before Akhenaten, and declared himself 
a new pharaoh. He adopted external invasion policy that had been frozen for a 
period of time, during which the children of Israel were able to enter the Holy 
Land and establish their entity over there. However, this entity did not last more 
than 76 years under the leadership of Moses (p), then under his assistant Joshua 
Ben Noon after him. 

When the Pharaoh of Moses (Thutmose III) was drowned into the Nile, many of 
the elites sank with him, except one of his sons who had succeeded him to the 
throne. He was Amenophis II (probably he was at the head of a campaign outside 
Egypt). He shared the authority with his father in the last 3 years of his rule. The 
historians noticed that this Amenophis II had replaced most (if not all) of his 
government staff. Such act drew their attention but they did not have in their 
minds that the old staff had died drowning with his father. They interpreted the 
matter as a process of pumping fresh blood. 

The Pharaohs, usually, as is the case with all tyrant rulers, did not write down any 
of their incriminating defects. They were all proud of their good deeds. Therefore, 

no one could dare to codify the drowning of the Pharaoh and his people, as this 

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was considered a demerit for the Pharaoh and their gods that they worship. 

As for determining the birth of Thutmose III, I guess that Surat Al Nazi'at (#79) 
meets that. Its words as had been mentioned earlier are 179 words; they are 
equivalent to 179 years, which are the total sum of the ages of Moses (p) and his 
Pharaoh. 

179 years - 121 years = 58 years (the age of Thutmose III) 

Thus his birth is in: 

1430 BC + 58 years = 1488 BC 

As for why is Surat Al Naziat, it is because no one is mentioned in it but Moses and 
Pharaoh; and even the order of the word Pharaoh in this Surah is 54 which refers 
to the years of his rule. 

[79-1/5] ((By the pluckers (the angels of death), violently plucking (the souls of 
the unbelievers), by the drawers (the angels of death), gently drawing (the souls 
of the believers), by the swimmers (angels) swimming gently, and the 
outstrippers (angels) outstripping, by the managers (angels) managing affair)). 

In addition to its interpretation by scholars of interpretation, I glance in the Surah 
the sight of Pharaoh and his people while striving against the angels not to sink 
them, the angels refuse but to, because the Divine order has been issued. 

[2-50] ((We parted the sea for you, and, taking you to safety, drowned the 
people of Pharaoh before your eyes)). 

In the Arabic lexicon, it is said that every great river is a sea as the Nile Sea. From 

this verse it may be concluded that their drowning was in the Nile River, not as 

141 



some people said, in the Gulf of Suez or the Gulf of Aqaba, because the width of 
the later is not less than 15 km at its narrowest point. How could they been seen 
drowning? As well as the verse 61 of Surat AlShu'ara (#26): 

[26-61] ((And when the two hosts came in view of each other, Moses 
companions said: 'We have been reached)). 

This means that the distance between them has become within the limit of one or 
two km. 

[26-63] ((Then we revealed to Moses: 'Strike the sea with your staff', so it 
divided and each part was as a mighty mount)). 

If the width of the sea was greater, the Children of Israel would not have been 
able to cross it without being caught by Pharaoh and his soldiers following them 
on their carts and horses, while the other party (the Children of Israel) was loaded 
by their luggage, their animals and their families. 

In Upper Egypt, there is a small town on the east bank of the Nile River, 20 km 
south of Luxor, named Al Tod (which means mighty mount) opposite of the city of 
Armant, (the city of Moses (p)), might have a link with the subject. It was named 
(Al Salamiyah), its name Al Tod was returned to it in 1904 AD. 

What enhances the dates of Thutmose III is the following: 

1) The words of Surat Al Sajdah (#32) are 372 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the drowning of Thutmose III and (maybe) the birth of Goliath 

1430 BC - 1058 BC = 372 years. 

2) The words of Surat Al Furqan (#25) are 893 words, equivalent to the time 

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interval between the birth of Thutmose III and the birth of Ezra 


1488 BC - 595 BC = 893 years. 

3) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Qasas (#28) is 457 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Thutmose III and the birth of 
David (p) 

1488 BC - 1031 BC = 457 years. 

4) The repetition of the letter ha in Surat Maryam (#19) is 174 times, equivalent 
to time interval between the birth of Thutmose III and the end of the Israel 
Second State 

1488 BC - 1314 BC = 174 years. 

5) The words of Surat Al Nazia't (#79) are 179 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the start of Hyksos state and the birth of Thutmose III 

1667 BC - 1488 BC = 179 years. 

6) The words of Surat Al Muzzammil (#73) are 199 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Ephraim and the birth of Thutmose III 

1687 BC - 1488 BC = 199 years. 

7) The repetition of the letter ra in Surat Yusuf (#12) is 255times = the repetition 
of the letter ra in Surat Yunus (#10) = the words of Surat Al Muddathther (#74) 
255 words, equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Manasseh and 
the birth of Thutmose III 


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1743 BC - 1488 BC = 255 years. 


8) The repetition sum of the two letters ta and ha in Surat Taha (#20) is 278 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Ishmael (p) and the birth of 
Thutmose III 

1766 BC -1488 BC = 278 years. 

9) The letters of Surat Al Takwir (#81) are 431 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Isaac (p) and the birth of Thutmose III 

1919 BC - 1488 BC = 431 years. 

10) The words of Surat Al Hashr (#59) are 445 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Ishmael (p) and the birth of Thutmose III 

1933 BC - 1488 BC = 445 years. 

11) The letters of Surat Al Qalam (#68) are 1264 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Idris (p) and the birth of Thutmose III 

2752 BC - 1488 BC = 1264 years. 


4.4) Senenmut (Moses (p)) 

[28-9] ((Pharaoh's wife said to him: 'He will be a comfort to me and you. Do not 
slay him, perhaps he may benefit us, or we will take him for our son. 'But they 
were unaware)). 


144 



What is important here is who the Pharaoh was at that date? (Moses' birth in 
1493 BC) Searching in the history books we'll find him Thutmose II, and his wife 
was his ambitious stepsister (half-sister) Hatshepsut who became the guardian of 
her husband's son after the death of his father, who was at that time (1484 BC) 
not exceeding four years of age. It did not take her long to share him in the rule 
and crowned herself as absolute Pharaoh and ruled about 22 years, from the year 
1484 BC to the date of her death in 1462 BC. 

The historians said that Thutmose II ruled either three years or thirteen years. I 
think the 13 years is true because his son Thutmose III was born to him after the 
birth of Moses (p) by five years from a second wife. He had a daughter or two 
from Hatshepsut, who were very much younger than Moses (p), as one of them 
appear with Senenmut (Moses (p)) in one of the statues as if he were playing the 
role of her educator and steward. Perhaps he was older than her by about ten 
years, so some accused him saying that he might have been her father. 

The story of Senenmut with Hatshepsut puzzled the historians. He was of many 
capabilities, characteristics and positions. 

[28-14] ((And when he (Moses) was full grown, and reached the perfection of 
his strength, we gave him judgment and knowledge. As such we recompense 
the good doers)). He has authorities in almost all fields of the state, and she 
might have been preparing him to inherit her to the throne. He built her the 
Temple of Deir el Bahri that was famous for its art of architecture; it is named the 
(Holy of Holies). 

The English Egyptologist Dorman counted nearly 87 titles for Senenmut, whether 
a functional or an honorary one, latest of which was the adoptive son of Pharaoh. 
As for the Statues, approximately 25 Statues were found for him. 

His rise as well as his fall had puzzled the scientists, as his origins were very 

145 



modest, where the grave of his parents were found next to his first cemetery 
bearing the number (TT71) under the right side of the entrance. 

His mother was a (housewife) and his father was (the Worthy). These were their 
titles and what had puzzled the historians is how he so soon reached the highest 
positions in the State, without functional gradation though he was not from a 
significant family. 

It was said about his parents, that he had prepared his mother's funeral in most 
luxurious way than the funeral of his father. This was attributed to the fact that 
his father probably died before his mother, while the son was, at the time of his 
father's death, still a junior official, but upon the death of his mother he was a top 
ranking official. 

However, what did not come to their minds that, this Senenmut himself was 
Moses (p) and that Divine Providence had sponsored him. 

[20-38/39] ((When we revealed what was to be made known to your mother, 
saying: "Put him in the box and cast it into the river. The river will cast him onto 
the bank, and he shall be taken up by an enemy of mine and enemy of his." I 
lavished my love on you, and to be formed in my sight)). 

They did not know the fact that his mother was his breastfeeding mother in the 
eyes of Hatshepsut, (the Egyptian Pharaoh), and that his father was only the 
husband of the breastfeeding mother of her adoptive son. Therefore, Hatshepsut 
focused on the processing of his mother more than his father; that's why a ring 
was found in the hand of his mother on which was printed the Queen Mother 
name (the mother of Hatshepsut), Thutmose I wife. 

The Pharaohs traditions were that, they were preparing their graves during their 

lives, before their death. That is why the Pyramids were built for this purpose. 

146 



Senenmut also had reserved two cemeteries for himself (as was the tradition of 
the elites at that time). One of them is in the Qurna cemetery (west of Luxor) 
bearing the number (TT71) and the other bearing the number (TT353), that had 
been dug under the Temple of Hatshepsut in Deir el Bahri (west of Luxor too), but 
was not prepared or buried in either of them. His name disappeared from the 
scene of events in the nineteenth year of the rule of Hatshepsut in 1465 BC. 

As his rise was a mystery, his decline (disappearance) as well was a greater 
mystery. 

You may note that the year in which Senenmut disappeared, was the same year in 
which Moses (p) sought refuge to Median, after he had unintentionally killed the 
Egyptian by a blow with his fist, this incident had a significant impact on the 
history of Moses (p) and the world. 

There was implicit indication in the beginning of Surat Al Waqi'ah (#56), which its 
379 words are equivalent to the time difference between the death of Abraham 
(p) and this incident 

1844 BC - 379 years = 1465 BC 

[56-1/3] ((When the Event (the resurrection) comes there is no denying its 
coming (it will) abase (some) and exalt (others))). 

He was fallen down in rank from the position of First Minister in the Greater State 
at that time, to a shepherd grazing sheep on the outskirts of the desert. Then he 
was raised from insignificant and afraid man to the messenger of the Lord of the 
Universe 

Moses (p) had gone to Median at the age of 28 years, then after ten years, when 

he was 38 years old, he returned to call Pharaoh to the worship of God 

147 



[28-27] ((He said: 'I will let you marry one of these two daughters of mine on 
condition that you hire yourself to me for eight years. If you complete ten that is 
of your own accord; I shall not press you. Surely, you will find me, if Allah wills, 
one of the righteous.)) 

I think he fulfilled it and returned to Egypt around the year 1455 BC, and when he 
presented the miracles of God in front of the Pharaoh, he was accused of 
witchcraft. All the Magicians of Egypt were gathered by the Pharaoh who told him 
to compete with the Magicians on the day of decorations (festival day). 

I believe that the day of decorations was the Thirtieth Festival (the Sed Festival) of 
Thutmose III. He officially assumed the throne in 1484 BC and after thirty years of 
his rule there was his Thirtieth Festival in the year 1454 BC. 

As for the People of the Book, Moses (p) was 38 years old when he sought refuge 
to Median, and when he turned back from Median he was at the age of eighty 
years; this means that there was no time left for Moses (p) to negotiate with 
Pharaoh, to call him and to present him the wonders of the Mighty God (the ten 
Plagues according to the Bible). Where are their places in time, as each Plague 
required time to spread among people and land, another time for people to 
comprehend, and another time until the Pharaoh yields begging Moses (p) to 
request his Lord to uplift this punishment, and another time for the Pharaoh and 
his people to procrastinate? 

But the Holy Quran has another say in Surat Al Aaraf (#7) 

[7-133] ((So we sent upon them floods, locusts, lice, frogs, and blood. (All these 
were) clear (separated) signs, yet they were proud against them, for they were 
wicked people.)) 


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Moses (p) continued calling the Pharaoh for about 25 years from 1455 BC to the 
years of the Exodus in 1430 BC. 

The death of Satiah (Pharaoh's wife) in the year 1451, who believed in Moses' 
message after he came back in 1455 BC, is an indication of early coming back of 
Moses. 


4.5) Wife of Pharaoh (Satiah) 

[66-11] ((But to those who believe Allah has given as an example Pharaoh's 
wife, who said: 'My Lord, build me a house before You in Paradise and save me 
from Pharaoh and his work, and save me from a harm doing nation.)) 

Pharaoh's woman is mentioned in the Holy Quran twice: The first time when she 
picked up Moses (p). At that time she was Hatshepsut wife of the Pharaoh 
Thutmose II (father of Thutmose III). She died after Moses left (p) to Median by 
three years in 1462 BC. The analysis made on its mummy revealed that she was 
suffering of diabetes. She might have died of her grief on Moses (p). 

She died before the Mission of Moses (p) and his returning back from Median. 

The second time of mentioning the Pharaoh's wife was in the above verse [66- 
11], which indicates that she believed in Moses' message. She might be one of the 
wives of the pharaoh Thutmose III, as he was the Pharaoh to whom Moses (p) was 
sent. 

If we take a glance at the words (wife of Pharaoh) and their order in Surat Al 
Tahrim (#66) we will find them (214/215), and even if we consider that it refers to 
the date of her death and that these figures are equivalent to the time difference 
between the death of Joseph (p) and her death; we will get: 


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1666 BC - 214/215 = 1452/1451 BC 


If we search in the wives of Thutmose III, we will find that his first wife, whom the 
historians named Satiah (Asia) died on this date, as her name had disappeared 
from the murals of the Pharaoh after 1451 BC. She was the daughter of his wet 
nurse. 

Other indication is the number of the verse, which is 11, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Hatshepsut and the death of Satiah 

1462 BC - 1451 BC = llyears. 


4.6) Qarun , Haman and the Magicians 
4.6.1) Qarun/Korah 

The People of the Book call him (Korah), while in the Egyptian history; I think he 
was called by the historians and Egyptologists as (Reck-mi-re). It is said that this 
name means (wise/knowing as the worshipped Re). What is important for us is 
the first syllable of his name (Reck); I think it was read reversed, perhaps its origin 
was (Kharo, or Caro, or Qaru). The ancient Egyptian language was only written in 
consonant letters, so it did not contain vowel letters. The scientists added it, in 
order to make its pronunciation and writing easier, it was a presumptive and 
speculative language. I do not know what the secret was behind the disappearing 
of the letter N from the following names: 

The word "Pharaoh" came without the letter N at the end. 

The word "Qaru" came without the letter N and inverted into "Reck" 


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The word "Hama" came without the letter N and they inverted it to "Maho" 

But they inverted the word "Musa" to "Senenmu" and added two 'N' in the 
middle of it. 

The saying that this "Rekhmire" might have been Qarun is for the following 
reasons: 

1) The Holy Quran describes him as one of the Children of Israel but he tyrannized 
them. This means that it had happened before the Exodus and the drowning of 
Pharaoh, because the power on the Children of Israel after the Exodus was to 
Moses and Aaron, peace be upon them. This means that the aggression on them 
was before their Exodus, and that he was of those in power so he could aggress, 
this applies to Rekhmire who was a minister in the last 19 years of Thutmose III 
rule. 

2) One of his highlighting features was his huge fortune, as was described by the 
Holy Quran: 

[28-76] ((Korah was one of Moses' people. But he was insolent and aggressive 
to them, for we had given him such treasures that their very keys were too 
heavy a burden for even the strong. His people said to him: 'Do exult; Allah does 
not love the boastful)). 

If we cast a glance at the tomb of (Rekhmire) this is (TT100) in the western of 
Luxor city in the Qurna cemetery, we will find him was competing the Pharaohs in 
the extravagance and found that his economic activity covered all kinds of 
economic fields such as the trade, the agriculture and the industry. 

3) His claim of cognizance and knowledge till he named himself the 

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knowledgeable as the worshipped (Ra'). The Holy Quran describes him in: 

[28-78] ((But he replied: 'What was given to me is only because of the 
knowledge I possess.)) 

Let's read what (Rekhmire) wrote in his tomb: (There is nothing in heaven or on 
earth or in any corner on earth is beyond my knowledge). 

4) There is no evidence that he was prepared inside his tomb No.TTlOO, and also 
no corpse (body) for him was found. Where is his corpse to be prepared? 

[28-81]((We caused the earth to swallow him, together with his dwelling)) 

5) If the Pharaohs were offended by someone, they used to delete any trace of 
him, especially from the walls of his tomb, removing everything that is connected 
to him even if he was dead or non-existing. That what had happened with the 
tomb of Senenmut (Moses (p)) as well as with the tomb of Rekhmire despite his 
complete loyalty to the Pharaoh, but (maybe) as he was of Israelite origin he was 
added to the list of the disliked by the Pharaoh Amenophis II after seeing the 
drowning that had happened to his father and his people because of the Sons of 
Israel. 

6) As for the date of Rift, I think it had happened before the drowning of Pharaoh 
by one year, which was in the year 1431 BC. If we have a look at the verses (38- 
41) from Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29): 

[29-38] ((Aad and Thamud, it has become clear to you from their dwellings; 
satan made their works seem fair to them and barred them from the Path, 
although they saw clearly)). 

[29-39] ((And Korah, Pharaoh, and Haman; Moses came to them with clear 
signs, but they became very insolent in the earth, yet they did not outstrip us)). 

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[29-40]((Each of them we seized for his sin. On some we loosed a squall of 
pebbles, and others were seized by the Cry. Some we caused to be swallowed 
up by the earth, and some we drowned. Allah would never wrong them but 
they wronged themselves)). 

[29-41] ((The likeness of those who have taken guardians, other than Allah, is as 
the likeness of the spider that takes to itself a house; surely the spider's house is 
the weakest house if they but knew)). 

The verse 38 and verse 39 sort them out according to the chronology of the 
punishment that happened to them, and verse 40 states the punishment that 
happened to them, according to the sequence of the previous two verses: Aad 
people ((We loosed asquall of pebbles)) and Thamud people ((were seized by the 
Cry)) whereas Korah ((We caused to be swallowed up by the earth)) and Pharaoh 
and Haman ((We drowned)). 

It is noticed here that God has mentioned Korah before the Pharaoh to indicate 
that the subsiding had happened before drowning. Usually the Holy Quran 
introduces the Pharaoh before Haman and Korah, in sequence according to their 
importance. In these verses the opposite has happened. 

I think that the subsiding had happened shortly before the drowning because 
(Rekhmire/Korah) had mentioned in his tomb that he served Amenophis II (who 
shared the rule with his father for three years before the drowning). 

According to the historians, (Rekhmire) had resumed his ministerial post in the 
year thirty fourth of the reign of Thutmose III, that is, in the year 1450 BC.If we 
consider that the verse 41 (see above) of Surat Al 'Ankabut refers to him, then its 
19 words may equal the number of years he became minister from 1450 BC to 

1431 BC. The letters of this verse are 88; they may refer to the birth date of 

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Qarun/Korah in 1488 BC, which is the same birth date of Thutmose III. 

The dates above are supported by: 

1) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) is 341 times, 
which is equivalent to the time difference between the death of Isaac (p) in 1772 
BC and the date of the Rift 

1772 BC - 1431 BC = 341 years. 

2) The number of letters in the story of Lot in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) is 489 
letters; they are equivalent to the time difference between the destruction of the 
People of Lot in 1920 BC and the destruction of Qarun in 1431 BC 

1920 BC - 1431 BC = 489 years. 

3) The repetition of the letter qaf (q) in Surat Qaf (#50) is 57 times, which is 
equivalent to his age: 

1488 BC - 1431 BC = 57 years. 

4) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Al Rum (#30)is 390 times, equivalent 
to the time interval between the destruction of Qarun and the start of Saul 
kingdom 

1431 BC - 1041 BC = 390 years. 

5) The words of Surat Al Dhariyat (#51) = the words of Surat Al Najm (#53) = 360 
words, equivalent to the time interval between the destruction of Qarun and the 
birth of Saul 


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1431 BC - 1071 BC = 360 years. 


6) The repetition of the letter ain (a') in Surat Maryam (#19) is 117 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the destruction of Qarun and the end of 
the Israel Second State 

1431 BC - 1314 BC = 117 years. 

7) The words of Surat Al Tur (#52) are 312 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Manasseh and the destruction of Qarun 

1743 BC - 1431 BC = 312 years. 

8) The words of Surat Al Dukhan (#44) are 346 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Joseph (p) and destruction of Qarun 

1777 BC - 1431 BC = 346 years. 

9) The letters of Surat Al Rahman (#55) are 1657 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the destruction of Aad and the destruction of Qarun 

3088 BC - 1431 BC = 1657 years. 

I think his home was in the east bank of the Nile River in city of Luxor (Thebes) 


4.6.2) Haman 

[28-6] ((And to establish them in the land; and to show Pharaoh and Haman, 
and their soldiers, the very thing they dreaded.)) 


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No doubt that Haman was the commander of the soldiers in the days of the 
Pharaoh Thutmose III, as the soldiers were referring to both of them. 

It is not difficult to find the commander of the army in the days of Thutmose III. 
He was called Amenemhab or the popularity name General Mahu. I think they 
read it upside down. His grave bears the number (TT85) in the cemetery of Qurna 
to the west of Luxor, and his wife was the wet nurse for Amenophes II, the son of 
Thutmose III. 

He was appointed to perform some of the obelisks, and I think he himself who 
was mentioned by the Egyptian archeologist (Labib Habashi), where he 
mentioned in his study the construction of six obelisks under the supervision of Al 
Thebi (in relation to Thebes (Luxor)) "Human" in the reign of Thutmose III. (L. 
HABASHI in JEA.36, 1950, 5.13) 

4.6.3) Magicians of Pharaoh 

In the year 1923, an excavation team of the Metropolitan Museum of Art led by 
Herbert E. Winlock, discovered a mass grave with about 60 individuals (MMA- 
507), not far from king Mentuhotep II temple in Deir El-Bahri (west of Luxor). 

The corpses showed evidence of violence.The dead were interpreted as soldiers 
of the victorious Theban army of Mentuhotep II slain during the storming of the 
fortress of Herakleopolis about 2000 BC. 

Carola Vogel, a German Egyptologist from Mainz University, wrote an article in 
the Journal of Egyptian Archaeology Vol.89 (2003) pp.239-245, calling for review 
Winlock's arguments and presenting a new interpretation of the evidences.(see: 


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Fallen heroes/Winlock's slain soldiers reconsidered). 


The story of the Magicians is detailed mostly in Surat Taha (#20) in the Holy 
Quran. It tells how they believed in the Lord of Aaron and Moses and how the 
response of the Pharaoh (Thutmose III) was: (cutting off hand and foot on 
opposite sides, and then crucifying on the trunks of palm trees). 

Winlock identified only fifty-nine skulls in the mass grave, and if we count all the 
words of the verses in which the Magicians were mentioned in the Holy Quran, 
we will find them exactly fifty-nine. 

I think with C-14 test method, one can decide if they were slain soldiers of 
Mentuhotep II (about 2000BC), or the Magicians killed by Thutmose III in the year 
1454BC. 

Next are the eight verses of the holy Quran in which the word Magicians was 
mentioned: 

1) Verse 113 of Surat Al A'raf (#7) includes 11 words. 

2) Verse 120 of Surat Al A'raf (#7) includes 3 words. 

3) Verse 80 of Surat Yunus (#10) includes 10 words. 

4) Verse 70 of Surat Taha (#20) includes 8 words. 

5) Verse 38 of Surat Al Shu'ara (#26) includes 5 words. 

6) Verse 40 of Surat Al Shu'ara (#26) includes 7 words. 

7) Verse 41 of Surat Al Shu'ara (#26) includes 12 words. 

8) Verse 46 of Surat Al Shu'ara (#26) includes 3 words. 

Total sum of the words is 59 


4.7) Joshua Ben Noon 


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He was the assisting youth of Moses (p),who accompanied him during his tour, 
mentioned only in Surat Al Kahf (#18). ItsllO verses may be equivalent to the 110 
years of his life, that match what has stated by the People of the Book. 

As for the number of the verses of his story with Moses (p) and Al Khadir, they are 
23 verses that are probably equivalent to the time difference between the birth of 
Moses (p) and the birth of Joshua 

1493 BC - 23 years = 1470 BC (birth date of Joshua) 

And so his death was in 1360 BC.The words of his story with Moses (p) in Surat Al 
Kahf (#18) are 302 words, equivalent to the time interval between the death of 
Isaac (p) and the birth of Joshua 

1772 BC - 1470 BC = 302 years. 

The number of letters of the same story is 1205 letters,equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Joshua and awakening of the People of the Cave in 
265 BC 

1470 BC - 265 BC = 1205 years. 

What enhances the dates mentioned above is the following: 

1) The words of Surat Al Ra'd (#13) are 854 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Joshua and the death of Yunus (p) 

1470 BC - 616 BC = 854 years. 

2) The letters of Surat Al Mutaffifin (#83) are 744 letters equivalent to the time 

interval between the death of Joshua and the death of Yunus (p) 

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1360 BC - 616 BC = 744 years. 


3) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Shu'ara (#26) is 481 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Joshua and the birth of 
Elisha (p) 

1360 BC - 879 BC = 481 years. 

4) The words of Surat Al Hadid (#57) are 574 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Joshua and the birth of Elijah 

1470 BC - 896 BC = 574 years. 

5) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Rum (#30) is 493 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Joshua and the birth of 
Solomon (p) 

1470 BC - 977 BC = 493 years. 

6) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Al Hijr 319 times, equivalent to the 
time interval between the death of Joshua and the start of Saul kingdom 

1360 BC - 1041 BC = 319 years. 

7) The words of Surat Al Insan (#76) are 243 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Shu'ayb (p) and the death of Joshua 

1603 BC - 1360 BC = 243 years. 

8) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Jathiyah (#45) is 197 times, 

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equivalent to the time interval between the start of the Hyksos state and the birth 
of Joshua 

1667 BC - 1470 BC = 197 years. 

9) The words of Surat Al Ma'arij (#70) are 217 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Ephraim and the birth of Joshua 

1687 BC - 1470 BC = 217 years. 

10) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Luqman (#31) is 337 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Manasseh and the death of 
Joshua 

1697 BC - 1360 BC = 337 years. 

11) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Sajdah (#32) is 242 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Jacob (p) and the birth of 
Joshua 

1712 BC - 1470 BC = 242 years. 

12) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Fussilat (#41) is 273 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Manasseh and the birth of 
Joshua 

1743 BC - 1470 BC = 273 years. 

13) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Yunus (#10) is 1224times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Aber/Eber and the birth of 
Joshua 


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2694 BC - 1470 BC = 1224 years. 


14) The repetition of the letter nun (n) in Surat Al Qalam (#68) is 131 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Shu'ayb (p) and the death of 
Joshua 

1491 BC - 1360 BC = 131years. 


4.8) End of Israel Second State 

Aaron (p) died after the end of the wandering period in the year 1390 BC. It is said 
that he was buried in Southern of Jordan. But Moses (p) had lived eighteen years 
after the end of the wandering period (from 1390 BC to his death in 1372 BC). I 
think he was able, during this period, to enter the Holy Land and to establish a 
political entity for his folk, after the Egyptian foreign policy had cooled down as 
verse 6 of Surat Al Esra' (#17) says: [17-6] ((Then, we gave the turn back to you to 
prevail over them, and we helped you with wealth and children, and made you 
the greater host)). It addresses the Children of Israel. I think thesecond party 
were the Egyptians, as the Levant (especially the south region of it) was their 
areas of influence, where they retained garrisons in the big cities, and it was 
Thutmose III policies (Pharaoh of Moses) to take the sons of princes who 
overcomes them as hostages with him to Egypt to be raised up in his palace to 
ensure their loyalty in the future. 

But after the drowning of the Pharaoh Thutmose III, they probably retreated back, 
and no longer became interested in the Levant. Then came the call of Akhenaten 
to refresh the blood in the veins, but this was confronted with fierce resistance 
from the priests and supporters of Amon. Akhenaten fled with his capital to Tel El 


161 



Amarna in the north, but to no avail. However, when the opportunity came to the 
commander of the army (Horemheb), he returned the power to Thebes; to Amon 
and his priests and began to look outside again, after appointing himself the new 
Pharaoh (he was the last Pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty). In about 1314 BC he 
launched a military campaigns to the Levant in which he terminated the political 
entity of the Sons of Israel, then the rule of the nineteenth Dynasty (the Ramses) 
came after him, who most of them went to the Levant in military campaigns, 
returning loaded with booty and prisoners (most of them were the Children of 
Israel). Merenptah (son of Ramses II) codifies on his famous stela that he had cut 
off the seed of Israel, that is, he killed and captured what he could kill and 
capture, and according to him, none had remained of them. 

What is important is that Moses (p) had laid the foundation for them, and his 
assistant Joshua Ben Noon after him, and their state continued till it was wiped 
out by Horemheb in 1314 BC. If we presume that the beginning of their state was 
at end of the wandering in 1390 BC, then their state lasted for 76 years. This 
might be the second rise of the Sons of Israel. The first rise was the State of the 
Hyksos that lasted 111 years, equivalent to the number of Surat Al Isra' (#17) 
verses. The second rise is also equivalent to Surat Al Isra' verses after deleting the 
verses with repeated ends, (as the last word in each verse is sometimes repeated 
at the end of other verses). When the repetitions are omitted, the figure is 
equivalent to 76; the years of the second height. 

As for David (p) and Solomon (p) and before them Talut (Saul), and many Kings 
after them, I presume this fall under ((if you returned we will return)). When 
they returned worshipping the Baal and offering sacrifices to other than God, 
then God empowered the Assyrians and Babylon who captivated them and 
destroyed everything related to them. As for their current state, I think it will be 
the final state which is mentioned in verse 104 of Surat Al Isra': [17-104] ((And 
thereafter we said to the children of Israel: 'Dwell in the land. When the 

promise of the Everlasting life comes we shall bring you all together'.)) 

162 



Let us go back to the State of Moses (p) and Joshua. The best evidence for the 
verse (we gave you the overwhelming on them), for Sons of Israel on the 
Egyptians, is Tel El Amarna letters, which is the archive of the Akhenatonian 
period of the foreign correspondence, which they wrote on clay tablets in 
cuneiform letters. Some of those messages were directed to the Pharaoh from his 
governors in the Levant calling upon him to rescue them from the evils Al Abieru 
(Sons of Israel), but nobody listened. 

The following emphasize the date of the fall of their state in 1314 BC: 

1) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Rum (#30) is 314 times, which 
is probably equal to the time difference between the fall of state of Moses (p) in 
1314 BC and establishment of State of David (p) in 1000 BC 

1314 BC - 1000 BC = 314 years. 

2) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Sajda (#32) is 242 times; they are 
equivalent to the time difference between the fall of the first state of the Sons of 
Israel (State of the Hyksos) in the year 1556 BC and the fall of their Second State 
(state of Moses (p)) in 1314 BC 

1556 BC - 1314 BC = 242 years. 

3) The number of the words of Surat Al Qalam (#68) are 300 words; they are 
equivalent to the time difference between the end of the Second State in 1314 BC 
and killing Goliath by David (p) in 1014 BC 

1314 BC - 1014 BC = 300 years. 

4) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Luqman (#31) is 337 times, which 

163 



are equivalent to the time difference between the end of the Second State in 
1314 BC and the birth of Solomon (p) in 977 BC 

1314 BC - 977 BC = 337 years. 

5) The total repetition of the two letters ya and sin in Surat Yasin (#36) is 236 + 47 
= 283 times. They are equivalent to the time difference between the end of the 
Second State in 1314 BC and the birth of David (p) in 1031 BC 

1314 BC - 1031 BC = 283 years. 

6) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Fussilat (#41) is 273 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the end of the Second State and the start 
of Saul kingdom 

1314 BC - 1041 BC = 273 years. 

7) The letters of Surat Al Buruj (#85) are 463 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Joseph (p) and the end of the Second State 

1777 BC - 1314 BC = 463 years. 

8) The repetition sum of the letters ta, sin and meem in Surat Al Qasas (#28) is 
577 times, equivalent to the time interval between the death of Lot (p) and the 
end of the Second State 

1891 BC - 1314 BC = 577 years. 

9) The letters of Surat Al Talaq (#65) are 1184 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the destruction of Thamud and the end of the Second State 


164 



2498 BC - 1314 BC = 1184 years. 


4.9) Pharaoh Ramses II 

Born in 1304 BC, and died in 1219 BC. He ruled 67 years from 1286 BC to 1219 BC. 
He is the third Pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty. He lived 85 years. He had 96 
boys and 60 girls. 

Most of the people wrongly believed that he was the Pharaoh of Moses, because 
of what was mentioned about him by the People of the Book, for his enslavement 
to the children of Israel, and exploiting them in the construction of the two cities 
(Pethom and Ramses) in the east of the delta. This is not correct as Moses (p) had 
died before the birth of Ramses II by 68 years. 

However, it might have been true that the children of Israel had built Ramses 
these two cities in the east of the delta, but when was that? 

After the Exodus accompanied with Moses (p) in the year 1430 BC, they 
wandered 40 years, and then established their own state for 76 years in the Holy 
Land. Ramses II came thirty years after this state was destroyed by Horemheb in 
1314 BC, bringing with him the Children of Israel and forced them to labor in 
building his construction projects among the above mentioned two cities. 

What dates to Ramses II in the Holy Quran is Surat Ghafir (#40). Its 1219 words 
may refer to the date of his death while its 85 verses might equal the years of his 
age, as he lived 85 years. 

The repetition of the Ha and the Meem letters, by which the Surah begins, if 
added to each other (62 + 377 = 439), are equivalent to the time difference 


165 



between the birth of Jacob's Older Grandson (Manasseh) in 1743 BC and the birth 
of Ramses II in 1304 BC 

1743 BC - 1304 BC = 439 BC 

The Older Grandson is Manasseh or King (Neferhotep I) as we stated before. 
There is a significant matter that has drawn my attention but I was unable to 
confirm its authenticity; that some people who call themselves scientists of 
Egyptology, link the lineage of (the Ramses) to (the Thutmoses) and the lineage of 
(the Thutmoses) to the two brothers (Neferhotep I) and (Sobekhotep IV) and thus 
to Haanchef (Joseph (p)), God knows best. 

The following confirm the dates of Ramses II: 

1) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Hud (#11) is 791 times, equivalent to 
the time interval between the death of Ramses II and revival of Ezra 

1219 BC - 428 BC = 791years. 

2) The repetition of the letter ra in Surat Hud (#11) is 323 times, equivalent to the 
time interval between the death of Ramses II and the birth of Elijah 

1219 BC - 896 BC = 323 years. 

3) The words of Surat Al Haqqah (#69) are 258 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Ramses II and the death of David (p) 

1219 BC - 961 BC = 258 years. 

4) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Fussilat (#41) is 273 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Ramses II and the birth of 
David (p) 


166 



1304 BC - 1031 BC = 273 years. 


5) The words of Surat Al Insan (#76) are 243 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the death of Hatshepsut and the death of Ramses II 

1462 BC - 1219 BC = 243 years. 

6) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Luqman (#31) is 337 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the end of Hyksos state and the death of 
Ramses II 

1556 BC - 1219 BC = 337 years. 

7) The repetition sum of the two letters ha and meem in Surat Al Zukhruf (#43) is 
363 times, equivalent to the time interval between the start of the Hyksos state 
and the birth of Ramses II 

1667 BC - 1304 BC = 363 years. 

8) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Ibrahim (#14) is 448 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the start of the Hyksos state and the 
death of Ramses II 

1667 BC - 1219 BC = 448 years. 

9) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Rum (#30) is 493 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Jacob (p) and the death of 
Ramses II 

1712 BC - 1219 BC = 493 years. 

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10) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Al A'raf (#7) is 1526 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Saleh (p) and the birth of 
Ramses II 


2830 BC - 1304 BC = 1526 years. 

11) The words of Surat Al Ra'd (#13) are 854 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Azar/Terah and the birth of Ramses II 

2158 BC - 1304 BC = 854 years. 


4.10) Ayyub/Job (p) 

He was born in 1200 BC, and died in 1092 BC. Surat Sad (#38) is one of the most 
detailing Surah for the story of Ayyub (p): 

[38-41] ((Also, remember our worshiper Job. He called out to his Lord, (saying): 
'satan has afflicted me with harm and pain.)) 

[38-42] (((We said): 'Stamp your foot on the ground, here is cool water with 
which to wash and a drink.)) 

[38-43] ((We restored to him to his family and like those with them, a mercy 
from us and a reminder to a nation that understand)) 

[38-44] (((We said to him): 'Take a bundle of rushes and strike with it; and do 
not break your oath. 'We found him to be patient, a good worshiper and he was 
penitent.)) 


168 



The words of these verses are 41words. Perhaps they indicate the time difference 
between the birth of Ayyub (p) and the birth of the Judge Eli 


1200 BC - 1159 BC = 41years. 

As for the letters of these verses, they are 169 letters, equivalent to the time 
difference between the birth of Ayyub (p) and the birth of David (p) 

1200 BC - 1031 BC = 169 years. 

As well they are equivalent to the time difference between the death of Ayyub (p) 
and the death of Solomon (p) 

1092 BC - 923 BC = 169 years. 

As for the letters of Ayyoub story in Surat Al Anbiya' (#21), they are 108 letters, 
may be indicate his age (108 years). 

1200 BC - 1092 BC = 108 years. 

What confirms the validity of these dates is: 

1) The words of Surat Sad are 733 words, they are equivalent to the time 
difference between the birth of Ishmael and the birth of Ayyub peace be upon 
them 

1933 BC - 1200 BC = 733 years. 

2) The words of Surat Yunus (#10) are 1833 words, equivalent to the time interval 

between the birth of Ayyub (p) and the death of Muhammad (p) 

169 



1200 BC + 633 AD = 1833 years. 


3) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Luqman (#31) is 293 times; they are 
equivalent to the time difference between the birth of Moses (p) and the birth of 
Ayyub (p) 

1493 BC - 1200 BC = 293 years. 

4) The letters of Surat Al Haqqah (#69) are 1113 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Ayyub (p) and the birth of Zechariah (p) 

1200 BC - 87 BC = 1113 years. 

5) The words of Surat Al Ra'd (#13) are 854 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Ayyub (p) and the final death of Ezra 

1200 BC - 346 BC = 854 years. 

6) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Zukhruf (#43) is 321 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Ayyub (p) and the birth of 
Elisha (p) 

1200 BC - 879 BC = 321 years. 

7) The words of Surat Al Dukhan (#44) are 346 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Ayyub (p) and the challenge of Elijah/Elias 

1200 BC - 854 BC = 346 years. 

8) The repetition sum of the letters ta, sin and meem in Surat Al Qasas (#28) is 

170 



577 times, equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Joseph (p) and the 
birth of Ayyub (p) 


1777 BC - 1200 BC = 577 years. 

9) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Aal Imran (#3) is 1888 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the destruction of Aad people of Hud 
and the birth of Ayyub (p) 

3088 BC - 1200 BC = 1888years. 

10) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Al Ra'd (#13) is 476 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Ayyub (p) and the death of 
Yunus (p) 

1092 BC - 616 BC = 476 years. 

11) The repetition of the letter nun (n) in Surat Al Qalam (#68) is 131 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Ayyub (p) and the death of 
David (p) 

1092 BC - 961 BC = 131 years. 

12) The letters of Surat Al Balad (#90) are 338 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the Exodus and the death of Ayyub (p) 

1430 BC - 1092 BC = 338 years. 

13) The words of Surat Qaf (#50) are 373 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the Moses' refuge to Median and the death of Ayyub (p) 


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1465 BC - 1092 BC = 373 years. 


14) The words of Surat Al Hadid (#57) are 574 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Joseph (p) and the death of Ayyub (p) 

1666 BC - 1092 BC = 574 years. 


4.11) Descending of the Sea Peoples on the Southern LevantCoast 
(about 1172 BC) 

Surat Al Zumar (#39) with its 1172 words may indicate their descending, which 
was about the year 1172 BC. 

They were called (the Palestinians) at that time, and from them Palestine took its 
name. They attempted before that to disembark on the Nile Delta region, but 
Ramses III fought them and rebelled them from entering into Egypt. Then they 
disembarked on the southern Levant coast where they founded their entity, by 
the union of the five cities (Gaza, Ashkelon,Ashdod, Gat, and Akron). At the 
beginning they were able to defeat the Sons of Israel. In one of the fierce battles 
(near Aphek Castle / Ras Al Ain), according to the story of the Bible, the Sons of 
Israel lost 30,000 warriors in addition to the Ark of Covenant, with which they 
wanted to gain victory over their enemy. But after hearing the bad news, the 
Judge Eli fell down unconscious as he was their mastermind. He was succeeded by 
his disciple the prophet Samuel. He was the prophet who is mentioned in Surat Al 
Baqara (#2) when Talut (Saul) was crowned as a king for them. 

As for their origins, most of the opinions say that they were from the Aegean 
Islands (possibly from the island of Crete, or from the west coast of Asia Minor). 
The Trojan War preceded their migration by about 10 years, may be they had 


172 



some relation with it. 


One of their leaders was Goliath, the large warrior defeated by the young David 
(p). This was mentioned in the Holy Quran in Surat Al Baqarah (#2) in verse 
251(which includes 27 words, equivalent (maybe) to the time interval between 
the birth of Goliath and the birth of David (p)) 

1031 BC + 27 years = 1058 BC (may be the birth date of Goliath). 

The following indicate for their dates: 

1) The letters of Surat Al Muzzammil (#73) are 850 letters, equivalent to the 
time interval between the descent and the death of Alexander the Great 

1172 BC - 322 BC = 850 years. 

2) The words of Surat Al Rum (#30) are 817 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the descent and the birth of Alexander the Great 

1172 BC - 355 BC = 817 years. 

3) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Zukhruf (#43) is 321 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Moses (p) and the descent 

1493 BC - 1172 BC = 321 years. 

4) The letters of Surat Al Mutaffifin (#83) are 744 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the descent and the revival of Ezra 

1172 BC - 428 BC = 744 years. 

5) The repetition sum of the letters ta, seen and meem in Surat Al Qasas (#28) is 

173 



577 times, equivalent to the time interval between their descent and the birth of 
Ezra 

1172 BC - 595 BC = 577 years. 

6) The repetition sum of the letters ha, meem, ain, seen and qaf in Surat Al Shura 
(#42) is 556 times, equivalent to the time interval between their descent and the 
death of Yunus 

1172 BC - 616 BC = 556 years. 

7) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Luqman (#31) is 293 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between their descent and the birth of Elisha 

1172 BC - 879 BC = 293 years. 

8) The words of Surat Al Tahrim (#66) are 249 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between their descent and the death of Solomon (p) 

1172 BC - 923 BC = 249 years. 

9) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Luqman (#31) is 170 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between their descent and the death of Saul 

1172 BC - 1002 BC = 170 years. 

10) The repetition of the letter ra in Surat Ibrahim (#14) is 158 times, equivalent 
to the time interval between their descent and killing Goliath by David (p) 

1172 BC - 1014 BC = 158 years. 


174 



11) The repetition of the letter nun (n) in Surat Al Qalam (#68) is 131 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between their descent and the start of Saul 
Kingdom 

1172 BC - 1041 BC = 131 years. 

12) The repetition sum of the letters ha and meem in Surat Fussilat (#41) is 319 
times, equivalent to the time interval between the death of Shu'ayb (p) and their 
descent 

1491 BC - 1172 BC = 319years. 

13) The letters of Surat Al Takwir (#81) are 431 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Shu'ayb (p) and their descent 

1603 BC - 1172 BC = 431 years. 

14) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) is 712 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Goliath and the final death of 
Ezra 

1058 BC - 346 BC = 712 years. 

15) The letters of Surat Al Buruj (#85) are 463 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Goliath and the birth of Ezra 

1058 BC -595 BC = 463 years. 

16) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Rum (#30) is 314 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Moses (p) and the birth of 
Goliath 


175 



1372 BC - 1058 BC = 314 years. 


17) The words of Surat Al Hijr(#15) are 654 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the death of Jacob (p) and the birth of Goliath 

1712 BC - 1058 BC = 654 years. 

18) The words of Surat Al Saffat (#37) are 861 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Isaac (p) and the birth of Goliath 

1919 BC - 1058 BC = 861 years. 

19) The words of Surat Maryam (#19) are 961 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Ibrahim (p) and the birth of Goliath 

2019 BC - 1058 BC = 961 years. 


4.12) Judge Eli 

Born in 1159 BC and died in 1061 BC. 

He might be was Thul Kifl, who has been mentioned in the holy Quran in Surat Al 
Anbiya' (#21) in verses 85/86; and in Surat Sad (#38) in verse 48. If we count the 
letters of these three verses, we will get 98 letters, which are equivalent to 98 
years (may be the age of Thul Kifl, which is similar to the age of Judge Eli). Both of 
them judged in Israel for long time. 

It has been said that Thul Kifl was the son of Ayyub/Job; this will match with the 


176 



dates of Ayyub (1200 BC to 1092 BC), if we consider him Judge Eli. 

What enhances the above dates is the following: 

1) The letters of Surat Al Taghabun (#64) are 1072 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Judge Eli and the birth of Zechariah 

1159 BC - 87 BC = 1072 years. 

2) The repetition sum of the letters kaf, ha, ya, ain and sad in Surat Maryam (#19) 
is 796 times, equivalent to the time interval between the death of Judge Eli and 
awakening of the People of the Cave 

1061 BC - 265 BC = 796 years. 

3) The repetition sum of the letters ha and meem in Surat Al Zukhruf (#43) is 363 
times, equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Judge Eli and the death 
of Elisha 

1159 BC - 796 BC = 363 years. 

4) The repetition of the letter ya in Surat Yasin (#36) is 236 times, equivalent to 
the time interval between the birth of Judge Eli and the death of Solomon (p) 

1159 BC - 923 BC = 236 years. 

5) The verses of Surat Al Saffat (#37) are 182 verses, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Judge Eli and the birth of Solomon (p) 

1159 BC - 977 BC = 182 years. 


177 



6) The letters of Surat Al Infitar (#82) are 329 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Aaron (p) and the death of Judge Eli 

1390 BC - 1061 BC = 329 years. 

7) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Luqman (#31) is 337 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Aaron (p) and the birth of 
Judge Eli 

1496 BC - 1159 BC = 337 years. 

8) The repetition sum of the letters ha and meem in Surat Al Zukhruf (#43) is 363 
times, equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Hatshepsut and the 
birth of Judge Eli 

1522 BC - 1159 BC = 363 years. 

9) The letters of Surat Al Bayyinah (#98) are 397 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the end of Hyksos state and the birth of Judge Eli 

1556 BC - 1159 BC = 397 years. 

10) The words of Surat Al Shura (#42) are 860 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Ibrahim (p) and the birth of Judge Eli 

2019 BC - 1159 BC = 860 years. 


4.13) Luqman, Sheba and Tubba 


178 



I think they mixed Luqman the Wise with Luqman the King through many legends. 


As for the kings of Sheba, at the beginning they called them Tubbas and later they 
denied this and said the Tubbas differ from the kings of Sheba. It is better to delay 
this matter until more information is available. 


4.14) Prophet Samuel (p) 

He was mentioned in Surat Al Baqarah (#2) in verses 246, 247 and 248: 

((Have you not thought about the group of the Children of Israel after the time 
of Musa (Moses)? When they said to a Prophet of their: "Appoint for us a king 
and we will fight in Allah's Way." He said, "Would you then refrain from 
fighting, if fighting was prescribed for you?" Theysaid, "Why should we not fight 
in Allah's Way while we have been driven out of our homes and our children?" 
But when fighting was ordered for them, they turned away, all except a few of 
them. And Allah is All-Aware of the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong¬ 
doers). ))(246) 

((And their Prophet (Samuel (p)) said to them, "Indeed Allah has appointed 
Talut (Saul) as a king over you." They said, "How can he be a king over us when 
we are fitter than him for the kingdom, and he has not been given enough 
wealth." He said: "Verily, Allah has chosen him above you and has increased 
him abundantly in knowledge and stature. And Allah grants His kingdom to 
whom He wills. And Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures' needs, All- 
Knower."))(247) 

((And their Prophet said to them: Verily! The sign of his kingdom is that there 
shall come to you At-Tabut (Ark of covenant), wherein is Sakinah(peace and 
reassurance) from your Lord and a remnant of that which Musa (Moses) and 
Harun (Aaron) left behind, carried by the angels.Verily, in this a sign for you if 
you are indeed believers))(248) 


179 



He was the successor and disciple of Judge Eli; he was Prophet and last Judge of 
Israel, beforehe appointed Saul as a king for them. 

He lived (maybe) 88 years, equivalent to the number of verses of Surat Sad (#38) 
in the 11 th century BC. 

The words of Surat Sad (#38) are 733 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Ephraim and the death of Samuel (p) 

1741 BC - 733 years = 1008 BC (death of Samuel (p)) 

1008 BC + 88 years = 1096 BC (birth Of Samuel (p)) 

What enhances the above dates is the following: 

1) The letters of the verse 246 (mentioned above) of Surat Al Baqarah (#2) are 211 
letters, equivalent to the time interval between the death of Ramses II and the 
death of Samuel (p) 

1219 BC - 1008 BC = 211 years. 

2) The letters of the next verse 247 are 164 letters, equivalent to the time interval 
between the death of Prophet Samuel and the death of Prophet Elijah (peace be 
upon them) 

1008 BC - 844 BC = 164 years. 

3) The letters of Surat Al Waqi'ah (#56) are 1719 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Samuel (p) and migration of Muhammad (p) 


180 



1096 BC + 623 AD = 1719 years. 


4) The letters of Surat Al Qiyamah (#75) are 668 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Samuel (p) and revival of Ezra 

1096 BC - 428 BC = 668 years. 

5) The letters of Surat Al Takwir (#81) are 431 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Samuel (p) and Yunus (p) being swallowed by the 
whale 

1096 BC - 665 BC = 431 years. 

6) The repetition sum of the letters ya and sin in Surat Yasin (#36) is 283, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Samuel (p) and the birth of 
Yunus (p) 

1008 BC - 725 BC = 283 years. 

7) The words of Surat Al Qalam (#68) are 300 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Samuel (p) and the death of Elisha (p) 

1096 BC - 796 BC = 300 years. 

8) The letters of Surat Al Tariq (#86) are 252 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Samuel (p) and the death of Elijah (p) 

1096 BC -844 BC = 252 years. 

9) The words of Surat Al Naba' (#78) are 173 words, equivalent to the time 

interval between the birth of Samuel (p) and the death of Solomon (p) 

181 



1096 BC - 923 BC = 173 years. 


10) The letters of Surat Al Bayyinah (#98) are 397 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Moses (p) and the birth of Samuel (p) 

1493 BC - 1096 BC = 397 years. 

11) The words of Surat Al Jathiyah (#45) are 488 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Aaron (p) and the death of Samuel (p) 

1496 BC - 1008 BC = 488 years. 

12) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and meem in Surat Al Sajdah (#32) 
is 548 times, equivalent to the time interval between the end of Hyksos state and 
the death of Samuel (p) 

1556 BC - 1008 BC = 548 years. 


4.15) Talut/Saul 

Born in 1071 BC and died in 1002 BC. The Bible calls him Shaul/Saul. They said 
that he lived 69 years, but they differed on the duration of his reign, which, I think 
it was 39 years. The following confirm these dates: 

1) The letters of the story of Moses (p) in Surat Ibrahim (#14) are 301 letters; they 
are equivalent to the time difference between the death of Moses (p) in 1372 BC 
and the birth of Talout/Saul in 1071 BC. 


182 



1372 BC - 1071 BC = 301 years. 


2) As for his age, this might have been referred to in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29). The 
verses of this Surah are 69 verses, which are equivalent to his age. The People of 
the Book said that his age was 69 years, and thus his death is in: 

1071 BC - 69 years = 1002 BC 

His son took over the power after him, where he ruled for two years before David 
(p) took over the power in the year 1000 BC 

3) As for him taking the rule, this is perhaps indicated by verse 
248 of Surat Al Baqara (#2): 

[2-248] ((Their Prophet (Samuel) said to them: 'The sign of his kingship (Saul) is 
the coming of the Ark of Covenant to you, therein shall be tranquility from your 
Lord, and a remnant which the House of Moses and the House of Aaron left 
behind. It will be borne by the angels. That will be a sign for you if you are 
believers.')) 

The words of this verse are 30 words; this might be his age when he resumed 
power, which means that he started his reign in the year 1041 BC. 

1071 BC - 30 years = 1041 BC 

This verse has another matter, perhaps in locating the place of the Ark of the 
Covenant, whom they are looking for since 2500 years but they did not find it so 
far, and we'll come to this matter in the topic of the People of the Cave 

4) As for the verse 251 of Surat Al Baqara (#2): 

183 



[2-251] ((By the permission of Allah, they routed them. David slew Goliath, and 
Allah bestowed on him the kingship and wisdom, and taught him from that He 
willed. Had Allah not pushed the people, some by the other, the earth would 
have been corrupted. But Allah is Bountiful to the worlds.)) 

The words of this verse are 27 words; indicating that in the twenty seventh year 
of the reign of Talut/Saul, David killed Goliath. 

1041 BC - 27 years = 1014 BC 

5) Whereas, the repetition of the two letters ha and meem in Surat Fussilat (#41) 
is (46 + 273 = 319) times. They are equivalent to the time difference between the 
death of Aaron(p) in 1390 BC and the birth of Talut/Saul in 1071 BC. 

1390 BC - 1071 BC = 319 years. 

6) The repetition of the letter L in Surat Al Ra'd (#13) is 476 times, which are 
equivalent to the time difference between the birth of Talut/Saul in 1071 BC and 
the birth of Uzayr/Ezra. 

1071 BC - 595 BC = 476 years. 

7) The letters of Surat Al Tahrim (#66) are 1074 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Jesus (p) and the start of Saul reign 

1041 BC + 33 AD = 1074 years. 

8) The words of Surat Yasin (#36) are 725 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Saul and the final death of Ezra 


184 



1071 BC - 346 BC = 725 years. 


9) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Luqman (#31) is 337 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Saul and Yunus being 
swallowed by the whale 

1002 BC - 665 BC = 337 years. 

10) The words of Surat Al Jumu'ah (#62) are 175 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Saul and the birth of Elijah (p) 

1071 BC - 896 BC = 175 years. 

11) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Shu'ara (#26) is 481 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Hatshepsut and the start of 
Saul reign 

1522 BC - 1041 BC = 481 years. 

12) The words of Surat Al Tur (#52) are 312 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the end of the Second State and the death of Saul 

1314 BC - 1002 BC = 312 years. 

13) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Fussilat (#41) is 273 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the end of the Second State and the 
startof Saul reign 

1314 BC - 1041 BC = 273 years. 

14) The letters of Surat Al Buruj (#85) are 463 letters, equivalent to the time 

185 



interval between Moses' refuge to Median and the death of Saul 
1465 BC - 1002 BC = 463 years. 

15) The words of Surat Fatir (#35) are 775 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Joseph (p) and the death of Saul 

1777 BC - 1002 BC =775 years. 

16) The repetition of the letter ra in Surat Ibrahim (#14) is 158 times, equivalent 
to the time interval between the death of Saul and the death of Elijah (p) 

1002 BC - 844 BC = 158 years. 

17) The letters of Surat Al Muzzammil (#73) are 850 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Lot (p) and the start of Saul reign 

1891 BC - 1041 BC = 850 years. 

18) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and ra in Surat Ibrahim (#14) is 
1156 times, equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Azer/Terah and 
the death of Saul 

2158 BC - 1002 BC = 1156 years. 

19) The repetition of the letter ra in Surat Yusuf (#12) is 1234 times, equivalent to 
the time interval between the death of Aber and the death of Saul 

2236 BC - 1002 BC =1234 years. 


186 



4.16) David (p) 


Born in 1031 BC and died in 961 BC. He lived seventy years.The following shows 
and confirms these dates: 

1) The words of Surat Maryam (#19) are 961 words; they are equivalent to the 
time difference between the death of David (p) and the birth of Jesus (p). 

961 BC - 0 = 961 years. 

2) The words of Surat Saba' (#34) are 883 words; they are equivalent to the time 
difference between the death of Abraham (p) in 1844 BC and the death of David 
(p) in 961 BC 

1844 BC - 961 BC = 883 years. 

The verses of same Surah are 54, may be an indicator for the age of Solomon. 
(Only David and Solomon mentioned in this Surah) 

3) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) is 712 times, 
which are equivalent to the time difference between the birth of the first 
Grandson (Manasseh) in 1743 BC and the birth of David (p) in 1031 BC 

1743 BC - 1031 BC = 712 years. 

4) The repetition of the letter meem(m) in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) is 341 times; 
they are equivalent to the time difference between the death of Moses (p) in 
1372 and the birth of David (p) in 1031 BC 

1372 BC - 1031 BC = 341 years. 


187 



5) The letters of the story of Ayyub in Surat Sad (#38) are 169; they are equivalent 
to the time difference between the birth of Ayyub/Job (p) in 1200 BC and the 
birth of David (p) in 1031 BC. 


1200 BC - 1031 BC = 169 years. 

6) The letters of the story of David (p) and Solomon (p) in Surat Saba' (#34) are 
399 letters; they are equivalent to the time difference between the Exodus from 
Egypt in 1430 BC and the birth of David (p) in 1031 BC. 

1430 BC - 1031 BC = 399 years. 

7) The total repetition of the letters alef, lam and meem in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) 
are 712 + 550 + 341 = 1603 times. In addition of being dating to the birth of 
Shu'ayb, also equivalent to the time difference between the birth of David (p) and 
the birth of Muhammad (p) 

1031 BC + 572 BC = 1603 years. 

8) The repetition of the letter ya in Surat Yasin (#36) is 236 times; they are 
equivalent to the time difference between the death of David (p) in 961 BC and 
the birth of Yunus (p) in 725 BC. 

961 BC - 725 BC = 236 years. 

9) The total repetition of the two letters ya and sin in Surat Yasin (#36) is (236 + 47 
= 283 times). They are equivalent to the time difference between the end of the 
Second State of the Sons of Israel in 1314 BC and the birth of David (p). 

1314 BC - 1031 BC = 283 years. 

188 



10) The words of Surat Ibrahim (#14) are 830 words; they are equivalent to the 
time difference between the death of Ibrahim (p) in 1844 BC and the date of 
David (p) killing Goliath in 1014 BC 

1844 BC - 1014 BC = 830 years. 

11) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Qasas (#28) is 457 times. 
They are equivalent to the time difference between the birth of David (p) and the 
beginning of sleep of the People of the Cave in 574 BC 

1031 BC - 574 BC = 457 years. 

They are also equivalent to the time difference between the birth of Thutmose III 
in 1488 BC and the birth of David (p) 

1488 BC - 1031 BC = 457 years. 

12) The letters of Surat Al Qiyamah (#75) are 668 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the date of David (p) killing Goliath and the final death of Ezra 

1014 BC - 346 BC = 668 years. 

13) The letters of Surat Al A'la (#87) are 296 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of David (p) and Yunus (p) being swallowed by the 
whale 

961 BC - 665 BC = 296 years. 

14) The letters of Surat Al Infitar (#82) are 329 letters, equivalent to the time 

interval between the death of Joshua Ben Noon and the birth of David (p) 

189 



1360 BC - 1031 BC = 329 years. 


15) The words of Surat Al Dukhan (#44) are 346 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Joshua Ben Noon and the date David (p) killing 
Goliath 

1360 BC - 1014 BC = 346 years. 

16) The words of Surat Al Sajdah (#32) are 372 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Moses (p) and the beginning of David reign 

1372 BC - 1000 BC = 372 years. 

17) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Al Rum (#30) is 390 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Aaron (p) and the beginning 
of David reign 

1390 BC - 1000 BC = 390 years. 

18) The letters of Surat Al Takwir (#81) are 431 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the destruction of Qarun/Korah and the beginning of David 
reign 

1431 BC - 1000 BC = 431 years. 

As well they are equivalent to the time interval between the death of Hatshepsut 
and the birth of David (p) 

1462 BC - 1031 BC = 431 years. 


190 



19) The repetition sum of the letters ha and meem in Surat Ghafir (#40) is 439 
times, equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Joshua Ben Noon and 
the birth of David (p) 

1470 BC - 1031 BC = 439 years. 

20) The words of Surat Al Haqqah (#69) are 258 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Ramses II and the death of David (p) 

1219 BC - 961 BC = 258 years. 

21) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Fussilat (#41) is 273 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Ramses II and the birth of 
David (p) 

1304 BC - 1031 BC = 273 years. 

22) The words of Surat Al Shura (#42) are 860 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Lot (p) and the birth of David (p) 

1891 BC - 1031 BC = 860 years. 

23) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and meem in Surat Al Rum (#30) is 
1197 times, equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Azar/Terah and 
the death of David (p) 

2158 BC - 961 BC = 1197 years. 


191 



Chapter V 


From Solomon (p) to Mohammad (p) 


977 BC 

Birth of Solomon/Sulayman (p) 

961 BC 

Death of David (p) 

923 BC 

Death of Solomon (p) 

896 BC 

Birth of Elias/Elijah (p) 

879 BC 

Birth of Elyasa'/Elisha (p) 

844 BC 

Death of Elias/Elijah (p) 

796 BC 

Death of Elyasa'/Elisha (p) 

725 BC 

Birth of Yunus/Jona (p) 

665 BC 

Swallowing of Yunus (p) by the whale 

616 BC 

Death of Yunus (p) 

595 BC 

Birth of Uzair/Ezra 

574 BC 

Start sleep of the People of the Cave 

528 BC 

Death of Ezra (first time) 

428 BC 

Revival of Ezra 

355 BC 

Birth of Alexander the Great (Thul Qarnayn) 

346 BC 

Death of Ezra (second time) 

322BC 

Death of Alexander the Great (Thul Qarnayn) 

265 BC 

Awakening of the People of the Cave 

0 BC 

Birth of Jesus Christ (p) 

572 AD 

Birth of Muhammad (p) 

633 AD 

Death of Muhammad (p) 


Chronology Table 5 


192 




5.1) Solomon/Sulayman (p) 


He was born in 977 BC, he lived 54 years, he ruled with his father David for a 
period of two years and ruled alone for a period of 38 years after the death of his 
father in the year 961 BC. What support this are the following dates: 

1) Surat Al Isra' (#17). In addition to its reference to the first rise of the Sons of 
Israel (the State of the Hyksos), it also dates to Solomon (p). Its 1556 words are 
equivalent to the time difference between the death of Solomon in 923 BC and 
the death Muhammad (p) in 633 AD. 

923 BC + 633 AD = 1556 years. 

2) The words of Solomon story in Surat Al Naml (#27) are 413 words; they are 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Aaron (p) in 1390 BC and the 
birth of Solomon (p) in 977 BC 

1390 BC - 977 BC = 413 years. 

3) The repetition of the letter (A) in Surat Luqman (#31) is 337 times, which is 
equivalent to the time interval between the end of the Second State of the Sons 
of Israel in 1314 BC and the birth of Solomon (p) in 977 BC 

1314 BC - 977 BC = 337 years. 

4) The letters (a, I and m) total repetition in Surat Luqman (#31) is (337 + 293 + 
170 = 800); this is equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Joseph 
(Yusuf) (p) in 1777 BC and the birth of Solomon (p) in 977 BC 


193 



1777 BC - 977 BC = 800 years. 


5) The construction of the Temple began in the fourth year of the sole rule of 
Solomon (p) and ended after seven years, which is in the year 950 BC. Surat Al 
Jinn (#72) indicates that by the number of its words which are 285, which are 
equivalent to the time interval between the construction of the Temple in 950BC 
(probably by the help of the Jinns/Demons as Almighty God forced them to serve 
Solomon) and the whale swallowed Yunus (p) in 665 BC. 

950 BC - 665 BC = 285 years. 

6) The letters of Moses story in Surat Al Naml (#27) are 422 letters which are 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Moses (p) in 1372 and the 
construction of the Temple in 950 BC 

1372 BC - 950 BC = 422 years. 

7) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) is 712 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Solomon (p) and awakening 
of the People of the Cave 

977 BC - 265 BC = 712 years. 

8) The number of words that precede the Basmala in Surat Al Naml (#27) is 349 
words; they are equivalent to the time interval between the death of Solomon (p) 
in 923 BC and the beginning of Sleep of the People of the Cave in 574 BC 

923 BC - 574 BC = 349 years. 

9) Surat Al Ra'd (#13) words are 854 words; they are equivalent to the time 

interval between the birth of Joseph (p) in 1777 BC and the death of Solomon (p) 

194 



in 923 BC 


1777 BC - 923 BC = 854 years. 

10) The repetition sum of the letters ta, sin and meem in Surat Al Qasas (#28) is 
577 times, equivalent to the time interval between the death of Solomon (p) and 
the death of Ezra second time 

923 BC - 346 BC = 577 years. 

11) The words of Surat Al Haqqah (#69)are 258 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Solomon (p) and Yunus (p) being swallowed by the 
whale 

923 BC - 665 BC = 258 years. 

12) The words of Surat Al Tur (#52) are 312 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Solomon (p) and Yunus (p) being swallowed by the whale 

977 BC - 665 BC = 312 years, 

13) The words of Surat Al Mursalat (#77) are 181 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Solomon (p) and the death of Elisha (p) 

977 BC - 796 BC = 181 years. 

14) The letters of Surat Al Jin (#72) are 1096 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Ibrahim (p) and the death of Solomon (p) 

2019 BC - 923 BC = 1096 years. 


195 



15) The letters of Surat Al Najm (#53) are 1422 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Saleh (p) and the birth of Solomon (p) 

2399 BC - 977 BC = 1422 years. 

16) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Sajdah (#32) is 242 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Ramses II and the birth of 
Solomon (p) 

1219 BC - 977 BC = 242 years. 


5.2) Death of David (p) in 961 BC 

See previous section 4.16 


5.3) Eiias/Elijah (p) 

[6-85] ((And Zakariya (Zechariah) and Yahya (John the Baptist) and Isa (Jesus) 
and Elias (Elijah), each one of them was of the righteous.)) 

[37-123] ((And verily, Elias (Elijah) was one of the Messengers.)) 

Elias (p) is one of the prophets of Bani Israel. He was born in (about) 896 BC and 
died in (about) 844 BC. He resisted the worshipping of the Baal that was at that 
time widely spread in Israel and Almighty God had supported him by plenty of 
the Miracles. 

What supports his above mentioned dates is the following: 


196 



1) The letters of the two above mentioned verses are 52 letters, equivalent to the 
age of Elias (p) 

896 BC - 844 BC = 52 years. 

2) The words of Surat Al Hadid (#57) are 574 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Elias (p) and the death of Alexander the Great (Thul 
Qarnayn) 

896 BC - 322 BC = 574 years. 

3) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Ibrahim (#14) is 550 times = the 
repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) , which is equivalent to 
the time interval between the birth of Elias (p) and the final death of Ezra 

896 BC - 346 BC = 550 years. 

4) The words of Surat Al Tahrim (#66) are 249 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Elias (p) and the birth of Ezra 

844BC-595 BC = 249 years. 

5) The words of Surat Al Ra'd (#13) are 854 words, perhaps they date (854 BC) to 
the challenge that took place between Prophet Elias (p) and the priests of Baal in 
presenting of the offerings. The winner was whom the fire burns his offering. 
Elias (p) was the winner, and then the people revolted against the priests of Baal 
and they assaulted them (as stated in the Bible). 

6) The words of Surat Al Nazi'at (#79) are 179 words, equivalent to the time 

interval between the death of Elias (p) and Yunus (p) being swallowed by the 

197 



whale 


844 BC - 665 BC = 179 years. 

7) The words of Surat Abasa (#80) are 133 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Solomon (p) and the death of Elias (p) 

977 BC - 844 BC = 133 years. 

8) The repetition of the letter ra in Surat Ibrahim (#14) is 158 times, equivalent to 
the time interval between the death of Saul and the death of Elias (p) 

1002 BC - 844 BC = 158 years. 

9) The verses of Surat Al Mu'minun (#23) are 118 verses, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Goliath and the birth of Elias (p) 

1014 BC - 896 BC = 118 years. 

10) The words of Surat Al Ma'arij (#70) are 217 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Judge Eli and the death of Elias (p) 

1061 BC - 844 BC = 217 years. 

11) The words of Surat Al Dukhan (#44) are 346 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Ayyub/Job and Elias' challenge the priests of Baal 

1200 BC - 854 BC = 346 years. 

12) The repetition of the letter ra in Surat Hud (#11) is 323 times, equivalent to 

the time interval between the death of Ramses II and the birth of Elias (p) 

198 



1219 BC - 896 BC = 323 years. 


13) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Al Ra'd (#13) is 476 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Moses (p) and the birth of 
Elias (p) 

1372 BC - 896 BC = 476 years. 

14) The words of Surat Luqman (#31) are 546 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Aaron (p) and the death of Elias (p) 

1390 BC-844 = 546 years. 

15) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) is 712 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the end of the Hyksos state and the 
death of Elias (p) 

1556 BC - 844 BC = 712 years, 

16) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Hud (#11) is 791 times, equivalent 
to the time interval between the death of Ephraim and the birth of Elias (p) 

1687 BC - 896 BC = 791 years. 

17) The letters of Surat Al Muddaththir (#74) are 1024 letters, equivalent to the 
time interval between the destruction of Lot's people and the birth of Elias (p) 

1920 BC - 896 BC = 1024 years, 

18) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Baqarah (#2) is 2192 times, 

199 



equivalent to the time interval between the destruction of Aad (Hud'sPeople) and 
the birth of Elias (p) 

3088 BC - 896 BC = 2192 years. 


5.4) Elyasa'/Elisha (p) 

Elisha (p) was born (maybe) in 879 BC and died in 796 BC. He lived 83 years, 
equivalent to the number of verses (83) of Surat Yasin (#36). He is also one of the 
prophets of Bani Israel, and was the successor and disciple of Elias. 

The following confirm the above dates: 

1) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Ra’d (#13) is 557 times, which are 
equivalent to the time difference between the birth of Elisha (p) in 879 BC and the 
death of Alexander the Great in 322 BC 

879 BC - 322 BC = 557 years. 

2) The repetition of the letter nun (n) in Surat Al Qalam (#68) is 131 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Elisha (p) and the 
swallowing of Yunus (p) by the whale 

796 BC - 665 BC = 131 years. 

3) The repetition of the letter ra in Surat Al Ra’d (#13) is 135 times, which is 
equivalent to time interval between the date on which David (p) killed Goliath in 
1014 BC and the birth of Elisha (p) in 879 BC 


200 



1014 BC - 879 BC = 135 years. 


4) The words of Surat Al Rahman (#55) are 351 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Elisha (p) and the death of Ezra (first time) 

879 BC -528 BC = 351 years. 

5) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Zukhruf (#43) is 321 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Ayyub and the birth of Elisha 
(P) 

1200 BC - 879 BC = 321 years. 

6) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Shu'ara (#26) is 481 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Joshua Ben Noon and the 
birth of Elisha (p) 

1360 BC - 879 BC = 481 years. 

7) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Rum (#30) is 493 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Moses (p) and the birth of 
Elisha (p) 

8) Thewords of Surat Al Ahqaf (#46) are 643 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Hatshepsut and the birth of Elisha (p) 

1522 BC - 879 BC = 643 years. 

9) The letters of Surat Al Munafiqun (#63) are 787 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Joseph (p) and the birth of Elisha (p) 


201 



1666 BC - 879 BC = 787 years. 


10) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Yusuf (#12) is 808 times, equivalent 
to the time interval between the death of Ephraim and the birth of Elisha (p) 

1687 BC - 879 BC = 808 years. 

11) The words of Surat Al Furqan (#25) are 893 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Isaac (p) and the birth of Elisha (p) 

1772 BC - 879 BC = 893 years. 

12) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Ahqaf (#46) is 222times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Elisha (p) and start sleep of 
the People of the Cave 

796 BC -574 BC = 222 years. 

13) The verses of Surat Al An'am (#6) are 165 verses, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of David (p) and the death of Elisha (p) 

961 BC - 796 BC= 165 years. 

14) The words of Surat Al Mursalat (#77) are 181 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Solomon (p) and the death of Elisha (p) 

977 BC - 796 = 181 years. 

15) The verses of Surat Al A'raf (#7) are 206 verses, equivalent to the time interval 
between the death of Saul and the death of Elisha (p) 


202 



1002 BC - 796 BC = 206 years. 


16) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and ra in Surat Al Hijr (#15)is 871 
times, equivalent to the time interval between the start of Hyksos state and the 
death of Elisha 

1667 BC - 796 BC = 871 years. 

17) The words of Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) are 976 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Isaac (p) and the death of Elisha 

1772 BC - 796 BC = 976years. 

18) The repletion sum of the letters alef, lam and meem in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) 
is 1603 times, equivalent to the time interval between the death of Saleh (p) and 
the death of Elisha (p) 

2399 BC - 796 BC = 1603 years. 


5.5) Yunus/Jonah (p) 

The most prominent event in his life was his being swallowed by the whale in year 
665 BC. This is indicated by the Surah given his name (Surat Yunus (#10)), with 
1833 words are equivalent tothe time interval between the destruction of the 
People of Thamud in the year 2498 BC and Yunus (p) being swallowed by the 
whale. 

2489 BC - 665 BC =1833 years. 


203 



The number of its verses is 109, which is an indicator of his age. He lived 109 
years, and his birth (maybe) was in 725 BC, which is equivalent to the 725 words 
of Surat Yasin (#36), and thus his death was in the year 616 BC 

725 BC - 109 years = 616 BC 

The number of verses of Surat Yasin is 83, which are referring to his age (maybe) 
when he was sent to the People of Nineveh (near Mosul in Iraq, which was the 
capital of the Assyrians at that time). That means he was sent in 642 BC when he 
was 83 years old. 

725 BC - 83 years = 642 BC 

As stated by the Historians, the city of Nineveh was completely destroyed and 
burned, around the year 613 BC, after the whale swallowed Yunus (p) by 52 years, 
which are equivalent to the number of verses (52) of Surat Al Qalam (#68). 

What strengthen these dates is the following: 

1) Yunus (p) was mentioned in Surat Yunus in verse 98, where the number of its 
words is 21 words; they are equivalent to the time interval between the death of 
Yunus (p) in the year 616 BC and the birth of Uzayr/Ezra in the year 595 BC. 

616 BC - 595 BC = 21 years. 

2) As for his story in Surat Al Qalam (#68), it consists of 26 words that are 
equivalent to the years he lived after his mission. 

642 BC - 616 BC = 26 years. 

3) The repetition of the letter ya in Surat Yasin (#36) is 236 times, which are 

204 



equivalent to the time interval between the death of David (p) and the birth of 
Yunus (p). 

961 BC - 725 BC = 236 years. 

4) The repetition of the letter sin (s) in Surat Yasin (#36) is 47 times, equivalent to 
the time interval between the birth of Uzayr/Ezra (p) and Yunus (p) mission in 642 
BC. 

642 BC - 595 BC = 47 years. 

It is equivalent as well to the words number of the story of Yunus (p) in Surat Al 
Saffat (#37), which are 47 words. 

5) The repetition of the letter nun (n) in Surat Al Qalam is 131 times, which are 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Elisha (p) and Yunus (p) 
being swallowed by the whale. 

796 BC - 665 BC = 131 years. 

6) The words of Surat Al Rahman (#55) are 351 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Yunus (p) and awakening of the People of the Cave 

616 BC - 265 BC = 351 years. 

7) The words of Surat Al Waqi'ah (#56) are 379 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Yunus (p) and the second death of Ezra 

725 BC - 346 BC = 379 years. 

8) The repetition sum of the letters ha and meem in Surat Fussilat (#41) is 319 

205 



times,( as well equal to the repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Al Hijr (#15)), 
equivalent to the time interval between the swallowing of Yunus (p) and the 
second death of Ezra 

665 BC - 346 BC = 319 years. 

9) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Shura (#42) is 297 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Yunus (p) and revival of Ezra 
after he died first time 

725 BC - 428 BC = 297 years. 

10) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Ghafir (#40) is 377 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the mission of Yunus (p) and awakening 
of the People of the Cave 

642 BC - 265 BC = 377 years. 

11) The serial number of Surat Al Qalam (which belongs to Yunus (p)) is 68, 
equivalent to the time interval between the mission of Yunus (p) and start sleep 
of the Cave People 

642 BC - 574 BC = 68 years. 

12) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Jathiah (#45) is 197 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Yunus (p) and the first death 
of Ezra 

725 BC - 528 BC = 197 years. 

13) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Al Sajdah (#32) is 151 times, 

206 



equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Yunus (p) and start sleep of 
the Cave People 


725 BC - 574 BC = 151 years. 

14) The words of Surat Al Jinn (#72) are 285 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the construction of the first Temple and Yunus (p) being swallowed by 
the whale 

950 BC - 665 BC = 285 years. 

15) The words of Surat Al Tur (#52) are 312 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Solomon (p) and Yunus (p) being swallowed by the whale 

977 BC - 665 BC = 312 years. 

16) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Luqman (#31) is 337 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Saul and Yunus being 
swallowed by the whale 

1002 BC - 665 BC = 337 years. 

17) The words of Surat Al Sajdah (#32) are 372 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Goliath and the mission of Yunus (p) 

1014 BC -642 BC = 372 years. 

18) The words of Surat Al Dukhan (#44) are 346 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Saul and the birth of Yunus (p) 

1071 BC - 725 BC = 346 years. 

207 



19) The repetition sum of the letters ta, sin and meem in Surat Al Qasas (#28) is 
577 times, equivalent to the time interval between the death of Ramses II and the 
mission of Yunus (p) 

1219 BC - 642 BC = 577 years. 

20) The words of Surat Al Mu'minun (#23) are 1050 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Joseph (p) and the death of Yunus (p) 

1666 BC - 616 BC = 1050 years. 

21) The letters of Surat Al Jinn (#72) are 1096 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Jacob (p) and the death of Yunus (p) 

1712 BC - 616 BC = 1096 years. 

22) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and ra in Surat Ibrahim (#14) is 
1156 times, equivalent to the time interval between the death of Isaac (p) and the 
death of Yunus (p) 

1772 BC - 616 BC = 1156 years. 

23) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al A'raf (#7) is 1161 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Joseph (p) and the death of 
Yunus (p) 

1777 BC - 616 BC = 1161 years, 

24) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Hud (#11) is 1277 times, 

equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Isaac (p) and the mission of 

208 



Yunus (p) 


1919 BC - 642 BC = 1277 years. 

25) The letters of Surat Al Sajdah (#32) are 1542 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Azar/Terah and the death of Yunus (p) 

2158 BC - 616 BC = 1542 years. 


5.6) Uzayr/Ezra 

The People of the Book call him Ezra Ben Seraiah (the High Priest) and his father 
Seraiah was killed upon an order from Nebuchadnezzar before 585 BC (the date 
of the destruction of Jerusalem, including the Temple). The Jews and the 
Christians refer to him as the teacher of the Torah, in addition to his Book. Some 
think that he was the author of the first and second Book of Chronicles, and 
Moses Pentateuch (Torah) which he recited on the hearings of the Sons of Israel 
after he returned from the Babylonian captivity in 428 BC. So let's say, captivity 
had returned about a hundred years from this date, led by Zerubbabel, according 
to views of some people of the Book, Uzayr returned in the year thirty seven of 
the rule of the Persian king Artaxerxes I, (he ruled from 465 BC to 425 BC) 

[2-259] ((Or of him, who, when passing by the ruined village that was fallen on 
its roofs, remarked: 'How can Allah give life to this after its death? 'Thereupon 
Allah caused him to die, and after a hundred years He revived him. He asked: 
'How long have you remained?', 'A day,' he replied, 'or part of a day.' Allah said: 
'Rather, you have remained a hundred years. Look at yourfood and drink; they 
have not rotted. And look at your donkey (that had died). We will make you a 
sign to the people. And look at the bones (of your donkey) how we shallrevive 


209 



them and clothe them with flesh.' And when it had all become clear to him, he 
said: 'I know that Allah has power over all things/)) 

The People of the Book were puzzled about him because they have forgotten that 
God had deadened him a hundred years and then revived him once again. 
According to their dates he might have been born before the year 585 BC and 
died after 428 BC probably by a relatively long period, because he had practiced 
many activities as he lived for more than 160 years, which was not normal for the 
people of that era. I think that his dates are as follows: 

1) The 1316 words of Surat Al Noor (#24) are equivalent to the time difference 
between the death of Abraham (p) in 1844 BC and the first death of Uzayr/Ezra in 
528 BC. 

1844 BC - 528 BC = 1316 years 

2) As for his birth; I think he was born (maybe) in 595 BC. What confirm that are 
the words of the above mentioned verse #259 of Surat Al Baqara (#2). They are 67 
words equivalent to 67 years that were his age when Almighty God deadened him 
the first death. 

528 BC+ 67 years = 595 BC 

I think his first death was in the south of Iraq as there is a shrine for him at that 
place (north of Basrah), as the Jews still hallow it. Even some Muslims from the 
surrounding areas made it a shrine for them. As well the verses before and after 
the above mentioned verse are referring to south Iraq as a place for the events. 

3) In the Persian Court, Uzayr/Ezra was responsible for the Jewish affairs, as the 

Jews were gathered in and around Babylon. This post required him moving 

between Babylon and the capital (which was to the south east of Babylon). On his 

210 



way, there were many of wiped out Sumerian cities, and Ur the city of Abraham 
(p) was among them. He said 'How God will revive this village/town after it has 
been dead'; God put him to death a hundred years to show him His power over all 
things.Perhaps, Uzayr was then the coordinator to the return campaign that was 
led by Zerubbabel and Uzayr's nephew priest Joshua but death prevented Uzayr 
to join the return campaign that suddenly pit him and delayed his return for one 
hundred years. He returned after God revived him again in 428 BC, which was in 
the thirty seven year of the reign of Artaxerxes I. 

As for how many years did he live after God had revived him, most probably the 
letters of the verse #259 of Surat Al Baqarah(#2) are 249 letters, equivalent to the 
time interval between his birth and his final second death 

595 BC - 249 years = 346 BC (final death of Ezra) 

That means he lived 82 years after revival 

428 BC - 346 BC = 82 years. 

What confirms the above stated figures is: 

1) The repetition of the letter kaf (k) in Surat Maryam (#19) is 137 times, which is 
equivalent to the time interval between the date the whale swallowed Yunus (p) 
in 665 BC and the first death of Uzayr in 528BC 

665 BC - 528 BC = 137 BC. 

2) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Fussilat (#41) is 273 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Ezra and the death of 
Alexander the Great (Thul Qarnayn) 


211 



595 BC - 322 BC = 273 years. 


3) The verses of Surat Al A'raf (#7) are 206 verses, equivalent to the time interval 
between the first death of Ezra and the death of Alexander the Great 

528 BC - 322 BC = 206 years. 

4) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Al Hijr (#15) is 319 times, equivalent 
to the time interval between Yunus being swallowed by the whale and the final 
death of Ezra 

665 BC - 346 BC = 319 years. 

5) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Shura (#42) is 297 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Yunus (p) and revival of Ezra 

725 BC - 428 BC = 297 years. 

6) The words of Surat Al Rahman (#55) are 351 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Elisha (p) and the first death of Ezra 

879 BC - 528 BC = 351 years. 

7) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Ibrahim (#14) is 550 times (= the 
repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29)), equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Elijah (p) and the final death of Ezra 

896 BC - 346 BC = 550 years. 

8) The words of Surat Al Hadid (#57) are 574 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Saul and revival of Ezra 


212 



1002 BC - 428 BC = 574 years. 


9) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Al Ra'd (#13) is 476 times, equivalent 
to the time interval between the birth of Saul and the birth of Ezra 

1071 BC-595 = 476 years. 

10) The words of Surat Al Ra'd (#13) are 854 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Ayyub/Job and final death of Ezra 

1200 BC - 346 BC = 854 years. 

11) The words of Surat Maryam (#19) are 961 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the end of the Hyksos state and the birth of Ezra 

1556 BC - 595 BC = 961 years. 

12) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Hud (#11) is 791 times, equivalent 
to the time interval between the death of Ramses II and revival of Ezra 

1219 BC-428 BC = 791 years. 

13) The words of Surat Al Anbiya' (#21) are 1169 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Manasseh and the first death of Ezra 

1697 BC - 528 BC = 1169 years. 

14) The letters of Surat Al Talaq (#65) are 1184 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Jacob (p) and the first death of Ezra 


213 



1712 BC - 528 BC = 1184 years. 


15) The letters of Surat Al Qalam (#68) are 1264 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Jacob (p) and the birth of Ezra 

1859 BC - 595 BC = 1264 years. 

16) The words of Surat Al Qasas (#28) are 1430 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Lot (p) and the birth of Ezra 

2025 BC - 595 BC = 1430 years. 

17) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Baqarah (#2) is 4214 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Noah (p) and the final death 
of Ezra 

4560 BC - 346 BC = 4214 years. 


5.7) People of the Cave, Qumran Scrolls, and the Ark of Covenant: 

They slept 309 solar years in Qumran from 574 BC to 265 BC. Surat Al Kahf/Cave 
(#18) is an evidence of them. Its words are 1579 words that are equivalent to the 
time difference between the death of Abraham (p) in 1844 BC and the end of the 
sleep of the People of the Cave in 265 BC. 

1844 BC - 265 BC = 1579 years. 

The beginning of their sleep is indicated by the words of Surat Al Hadid (#57) that 
bear 574 words. They are equivalent to the time interval between the beginning 


214 



of their sleep and the birth of Jesus Christ (p). 


574 BC-0 = 574years. 

Thus, the duration of their sleep as mentioned in Surat Al Kahf (Cave) was 309 
years. 

574 BC - 265 BC = 309 years. 

In his research. Dr. Bassam Jarrar was right about the duration of their sleep, and 
also mr. Atiyyah Zahidah after him was right to locate their place in Kherbit 
Qumran to the west of the Dead Sea (20 km east of Jerusalem and 15 km south of 
Jericho), as the conditions and specifications of the Holy Quran and the Hadiths 
about the People of the Cave is not found elsewhere. 

The first and most important condition is in the first verse of their story:[18- 

9]((Or, do you think the companions of the Cave and the inscroll were a wonder 
among our signs?)) whereare the scrolls except in Qumran and its surroundings? 

The Jews of Al Madinah Al Munawarah asked Prophet Muhammad (p) about 
them, and their secret was known to them. They were Jews, they were not 
oppressed Christians in the first Roman Era (as the case with the people of Al 
Raqeem Cave in the east of Amman or the Cave of Ephesus in Turkey). The most 
important of all, is that the Holy Quran is dating for them from 574 BC to 265 BC. 
This is fully compatible with archaeologists analyzes who say ruins of Qumran 
back for the time period of about (250 BC to 70 AD), which is the period that 
followed their awakening and the spread of their news. Therefore, people made 
their place a pilgrimage place and a shrine at that time, so the region witnessed 
remarkable activities in most fields, especially in the religious field. They began to 
copy books and the Torah to sell them or to give as gifts till the Roman (Titus) 

came and destroyed everything in 70 AD including Jerusalem Temple. Then the 

215 



Jews dispersed into all directions. 


As for the cave of the People of the Cave, I think it has not been discovered yet 
because its position is under the Mosque (Temple/Synagogue) that they had built 
over them (the Great Hall). 

[18-21] ((And so we made them stumble upon them, so that they might know 
that the promise of Allah is true and that there is no doubt about the Hour. They 
argued among themselves over their affair, and then said: Build a building over 
them (their remains); their Lord knows best who they were. But those who 
prevailed over the matter said: 'We will build over them a mosque 1 )) 

If we look to the word prevailed, we will find that its order number within Surat Al 
Kahf is 322, (this is the death date of Alexander the great 322 BC), is it by chance 
or it is a sign referring to the successors of Alexander (Ptolemaic Egypt and 
Seleucid Mesopotamia), who was combating with each other regarding the 
Levant. At that time (awakening of the People of the Cave in 265 BC) Ptolemy II 
had the authority on south of the Levant, where Qumran and the Cave are 
located. Approximately at the same time he (Ptolemy II) had transferred the 
corpse of Alexander the great from Memphis to Alexandria (about 250 BC). 

I think that the Ark of Covenant, that the People of the Book are looking for, was 
probably in the custody of the People of the Cave. What made me think so is the 
following: 

a) The People of the Cave began their sleep in 574 BC, which was eleven years 

after the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple by Nebuchadnezzar II in 585 

BC. The Ark also disappeared after that date. Perhaps those boys carried the Ark 

and buried it in the Cave and went to sleep, and by God willing, their sleep was 

lengthened to 309 years to wake up for short time, so that people who were 

around knew them and then resumed their sleep or death. 

216 



[18-13] ((In truth we tell you their news. They were young men who believed in 
their Lord, and we increased them in guidance.)) 

b) The Ark was mentioned in the Holy Quran only one time in verse 248 of Surat 
Al Baqara (#2): 

[2-248] ((Their prophet (Samuel) said to them: 'The sign of his (Saul) kingship is 
the coming of the Ark to you, therein shall be tranquility from your Lord, and a 
remnant which the house of Moses and the house of Aaron left behind. It will 
be borne by the angels. That will be a sign for you if you are believers.')) 

So they used to seek help by the Ark in their wars. What concerns us in this verse 
is its number 248 which, I think gives us the date of construction of the Mosque in 
248 BC on their cave, and possibly on the Ark too because the verse speaks of the 
Ark. As I previously mentioned, it is the only verse in the Holy Quran in which the 
Ark of Covenant is mentioned. Let's go back to the above mentioned verse 21 of 
Surat Al Kahf (#18). The order of the word Masjid ( mosque ) from the beginning of 
the story of the People of the Cave is also 248. 

c) For more certainty, let's look at what was said about the Tablets (Alwah) that 

were sent down to Moses (p). They were reported only three times in Quran, all 
in Surat Al Araf (#7), they were as follows: 

Verse No. 145, its words are 20 words and its letters are 89. 

Verse No. 150, its words are 39 words and its letters are 170. 

Verse No. 154, its words are 15 words and its letters are 63. 

Let's take the total sum of the numbers of the verses (145 + 150 + 154 = 449); it is 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Solomon (p) in 977 BC and 
the first death of Ezra in 528 BC 


217 



977 BC - 528 BC = 449 years. 


The total sum of the words (20 + 39 + 15 = 74) are equivalent to the time interval 
between the death of Alexander the Great (Thul Qarnayn) and the date of 
constructing the Masjid (Mosque) over them 

322 BC - 248 BC = 74 years. 

Where as the total sum of the letters is 89 + 170 + 63 = 322 letters. It is equivalent 
to the death date of Alexander the Macedonian. Did somebody include the corpse 
of Alexander into their cave? I do not think so, but the date of his death was a 
dating reference before the birth of Jesus Christ (p). Historically, he was 
considered as one of their neighbors. 

What confirms the dates of the People of the Cave is: 

1) The letters of the story of the people of the Cave in Surat Al Kahf (#18) are 1401 
letters; they are equivalent to the time interval between the death of Yusuf (p) in 
1666 BC and the awakening of the People of the Cave in 265 BC 

1666 BC - 265 BC = 1401 years. 

2) The words of Surat Al Anbiya' (#21) are 1169 words; they are equivalent to the 
time interval between the birth of the first Grandson (Manasseh) in 1743 BC and 
the beginning of the sleep of the People of the Cave in 574 BC 

1743 BC - 574 BC = 1169 years. 

3) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Qasas (#28) is 457 times; they 

are equivalent to the time interval between the birth of David (p) in 1031 BC and 

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the beginning of the sleep of the People of the Cave in 574 BC 


1031 BC - 574 BC = 457 years. 

4) The words of Surat Al A'raf (#7) are 3320 words. It is the only Surah the Tablets 
were mentioned in (sent down to Moses (p)). They are equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Moses (p) in 1372 BC and the beginning of 
detecting the Qumran Scrolls in 1948 AD 

1372 BC - 1948 AD = 3320 years. 

Someone might say that the detection of the Scrolls of Qumran began in 1947 BC, 
and that it is known that Alexander the Great has died in the year 323. I would say 
as I have mentioned earlier that it is apparent from the Holy Quran calculation 
that Jesus(p) was born before the current date of his birth by one year (1 BC). This 
means that all current dates are required to be pushed one year forward, that is, 
according to the historians; one year has to be omitted from the BC dates so that 
they become accurate, and one year has to be added to the AD dates so that they 
become accurate. 

5) As mentioned earlier about Surat Al Naml (#27), and nothing is wrongto 
remind once again, the Basmalah that divides theSurah into two parts: a part 
before and a part after the Basmalah. 

The words number that are before the Basmalah are 349 words; they are 
equivalent to the time difference between the death of Solomon (p) in the year 
923 BC and the beginning of the sleep of the People of the Cave 

923 BC - 574 BC = 349 years. 


219 



Whereas the words that come after the Basmalah are 798 words; they are 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Moses (p) and beginning of 
the sleep of the People of the Cave. 

1372 BC - 574 BC = 798 years. 

6) The letters of Surat Al Talaq (#65) are 1184 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the mission of Muhammad (in 610 AD) and start sleep of the 
People of the Cave (in 574 BC) 

610 AD + 574 BC = 1184 years. 

7) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and meem in Surat Al Rum (#30) is 
1197 times, equivalent to the time interval between the Hij'rah (migration) of 
Muhammad (p) and start sleep of the People of the Cave 

623 AD + 574 BC = 1197 years. 

8) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and ra in Surat Al Hijr (#15) is 871 
times, equivalent to the time interval between the Hij'rah (migration) of 
Muhammad (p) and buildup of the Mosque on the Cave People 

623 AD+ 248 BC = 871 years. 

9) The repetition sum of the letters ta, sin and meem in Surat Al Shu'ara(#26) is 
607 times, equivalent to the time interval between the death of Jesus (p) and 
start sleep of the People of the Cave 

33 AD + 574 BC = 607 years. 

10) The letters of Surat Al Nazi'at (#79) are 772 letters, equivalent to the time 

220 



interval between killing of the Groove People (Christians of Najran) and buildup of 
the Mosque on the Cave People 


524 AD + 248 BC = 772 years. 

11) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Al Sajdah (#32) is 151 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Yunus (p) and start sleep of 
the Cave People 

725 BC - 574 BC = 151 years. 

12) The words of Surat Al Rahman (#55) are 351 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Yunus (p) and awakening of the Cave People 

616 BC - 265 BC = 351 years. 

13) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Ahqaf (#46) is 222 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Elisha (p) and start sleep of 
the People of the Cave 

796 BC - 574 BC = 222 years. 

14) The letters of Surat 'Abasa (#80) are 548 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Elisha (p) and buildup of the Mosque on the Cave 
People 

796 BC - 248 BC = 548 years. 

15) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) is 712 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Solomon (p) and awakening 
of the Cave People 


221 



977 BC - 265 BC = 712 years. 


16) The letters of Surat Al Ma'arij (#70) are 952 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Ayyub and buildup of the Mosque on the Cave 
People 

1200 BC - 248 BC = 952 years. 

17) The words of Surat Al Hajj (#22) are 1274 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Hatshepsut and buildup of the mosque on the Cave 
People 

1522 BC - 248 BC = 1274 years. 

18) The letters of Surat Al Haqqah (#69) are 1113 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between thedeath of Ephraim and start sleep of the Cave People. 

1687 BC -574 BC = 1113 years. 

19) The repetition sum of the letters kaf, ha, ya, ain and sad in Surat Maryam 
(#19) is 796 times, equivalent to the time interval between the death of the Judge 
Eli and awakening of the Cave People 

1061 BC - 265 BC = 796 years. 

20) The words of Surat Yusuf (#12) are 1777 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Lot (p) and buildup of the Mosque on the Cave People 

2025 BC - 248 BC = 1777 years. 


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21) The letters of Surat Luqman (#31) are 2134 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Saleh (p) and awakening of the Cave People 

2399 BC - 265 BC = 2134 years. 


5.8) Alexander the Great (Thul Qarnayn) 

Born in 355 BC and died in 322 BC. 

Searching the Web for the old Hellenistic Coins from the days of Alexander the 
Great or the days of his successors (the Ptolemy in Egypt), we are astonished to 
see the Alexander with two horns of a ram on both sides of his head (refer to in 
the British Museum, which contains many of these species), or to (Alexander the 
Great coins rams horns). 

What confirms the dates of Alexander the Great is the following: 

1) In the Holy Quran, Surat Maryam (#19) follows Surat Al Kahf (#18) and the last 
story in Surat Al Khaf is the story of Thul Qarnayn (Alexander the Great). Counting 
the words from the start of the story till the end of Surat Al Khaf, we will find 
them 322 words; they are the time difference between the death of Alexander 
the Great in 322 BC and the birth of Jesus Christ. 

And when count the words from the start of Surat Maryam to verse 34 of Surat 
Maryam, we will find the words that precede the word Isa (Jesus) are 322 words; 
this means that Isa (Jesus) was born after 322 years from the death of Alexander 
the Great in 322 BC. 

2) The words of Surat Al Anbiya' (#21) are 1169 words, equivalent to the time 


223 



difference between the death of Shu'ayb (p) in 1491 BC and the death of 
Alexander the Great in 322 BC. 

1491 BC - 322 BC = 1169 years. 

3) The letters of Surat Al Dukhan (#44) are 1455 letters, equivalent to the time 
difference between the birth of Joseph (p) in 1777 BC and the death of Alexander 
the Great in 322 BC 

1777 BC - 322 BC = 1455 years. 

4) The words of Surat Al Mu'minun (#23) are 1050 words, equivalent to the time 
difference between the death of Moses (p) in 1372 BC and the death of 
Alexander the Great in 322 BC 

1372 BC - 322 BC = 1050 years. 

5) The letters of Surat Al Saff (#61) are 945 letters, equivalent to the time interval 
between the migration of Muhammad (p) and the death of Alexander the Great 

623 AD+ 322 BC = 945 years. 

6) The repetition of the letter qaf (q) in Surat Qaf (#50) is 57 times, equivalent to 
the time interval between the death of Alexander the Great in 322 BC and the 
awakening of the People of the Cave in 265 BC 

322 BC - 265 BC = 57 years. 

As well the verses between the end of Cave People story and the start of 
Alexander story are 57 verses. 


224 



7) The words of Surat Al AnfAl (#8) are 1234 words, equivalent to the time 
difference between the fall of the Hyksos rule as well as the start of the 18th 
Dynasty rule in 1556 BC and the death of Alexander the Great in 322 BC 

1556 BC - 322 BC = 1234 years. 

8) The words of Surat Al Mulk (#67) are 333 words, equivalent to the start of 
Alexander the Great campaign towards the East, as well refer to the start of his 
conquers in 333 BC. 

The letters of the same Surah are 1330 letters, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Jacob (p) and the death of Cyrus the Great (who was the 
founder of the first Persian Empire) 

1859 BC - 529 BC = 1330 years. 

As well the verses of the same Surah; which are 30 verses, refer to the crowning 
date of Augustus the first Emperor of the Roman Empire in 30 BC. 

9) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Ra'd (#13) is 557 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Elisha (p) and the death of 
Alexander the Great 

879 BC - 322 BC = 557 years. 

10) The letters of Surat Al Inshiqaq (#84) are 441 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Elisha (p) and the birth of Alexander the Great 

796 BC - 355 BC = 441 years, 

11) The words of Surat Al Rum (#30) are 817 words, equivalent to the time 

225 



interval between the descending of the Sea People and the birth of Alexander the 
great 


1172 BC - 355 BC = 817 years. 

12) The total sum of the words of the verses, in which Moses' Tablets were 
mentioned, are 74 words, equivalent to the time interval between the death of 
Alexander the Great and buildup the Mosque on the Cave 

322 BC - 248 BC = 74 years. 

13) The verses of Surat Al A'raf are 206 verses, equivalent to the time interval 
between the first death of Ezra and the death of Alexander the Great 

528 BC - 322 BC = 206 years. 

14) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Fussilat (#41) is 273 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the birth of Ezra and the death of 
Alexander the Great 

595 BC - 322 BC = 273 years. 

15) The words of Surat Al Hadid (#57) are 574 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Elijah (p) and the death of Alexander the Great 

896 BC - 322 BC = 574 years. 


5.9) Zechariah (p) and his son Yahya/John the Baptist (p) 


226 



Zechariah (p) was born (might be) in 87 BC and died (might be) in 20 AD, so he 
lived 107 years. 

As for Yahya (p), he was born (about) 1 BC and died (about) 29 AD, so he lived 30 
years. 

The total of their ages is: 107 years + 30 years = 137 years, which are equivalent 
to the number of words of their story in Surat Maryam (#19). 

What enhances their dates is the following: 

1) The repetition sum of the letters ha and meem in Surat Al Dukhan (#44) is 161 
times, equivalent to the time interval between buildup of the Mosque on the 
Cave People and the birth of Zechariah (p) 

248 BC - 87 BC = 161 years. 

2) The words of Surat Al Jinn (#72) are 285 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the awakening of the Cave People and the death of Zechariah (p) 

265 BC + 20 AD = 285 years. 

3) The repetition of the letter ya in Surat Maryam (#19) is 342 times, equivalent to 
the time interval between the death of Alexander the Great and the death of 
Zechariah (p) 

322 BC + 20 AD = 342 years. 

4) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Zukhruf (#43) is 321 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the death of Alexander the Great and the 
birth of Yahya/John the Baptist (p) 


227 



322 BC-1BC = 321 years. 


5) The words of Surat Al Rahman (#55) are 351 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Alexander the Great and the death of Yahya (p) 

322 BC +29 AD = 351 years. 

6) The repetition of the letter lam (I) in Surat Ibrahim (#14) is 448 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the revival of Ezra and the death of 
Zechariah (p) 

428 BC + 20 AD = 448 years. 

7) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) is 341 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the revival of Ezra and the birth of 
Zechariah (p) 

428 BC - 87 BC = 341 years. 

8) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al Qasas (#28) is 457 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the revival of Ezra and the death of Yahya 
(P) 

428 BC +29 AD = 457 years. 

9) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and meem in Surat Al Sajdah (#32) is 
548 times, equivalent to the time interval between the first death of Ezra and the 
death of Zechariah (p) 

528 BC + 20 AD = 548 years. 

228 



10) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al Ra'd (#13) is 557 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the first death of Ezra and the death of 
Yahya(p) 

528 BC +29 AD = 557 years. 

11) The letters of Surat Al Taghabun (#64) are 1072 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of the Judge Eli and the birth of Zechariah (p) 

1159 BC - 87 BC = 1072 years. 

12) The letters of Surat Al Haqqah (#69) are 1113 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Ayyub (p) and the birth of Zechariah (p) 

1200 BC - 87 BC = 1113 years. 

13) The letters of Surat Al Hujurat (#49) are 1508 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Thutmose III and the death of Zechariah (p) 

1488 BC + 20 AD = 1508 years. 

14) The letters of Surat Al Sajdah (#32) are 1542 letters (equal to the letters of 
Surat Al Mumtahanah (#60)), equivalent to the time interval between the birth of 
Hatshepsut and the death of Zechariah (p) 

1522 BC + 20 AD = 1542 years. 

15) The words of Surat Al Kahf (#18)are 1579 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Joseph (p) and the birth of Zechariah (p) 


229 



1666 BC - 87 BC = 1579 years. 


16) The words of Surat Saba'(#34) are 883 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the challenge of Elijah (p) (against Baal Priests) and the death of Yahya 
(P) 

854 BC + 29 AD = 883 years. 

17) The repetition of the lam (I) in Surat Aal 'Imran (#3) is 1888 times, equivalent 
to the time interval between the birth of Jacob (p) and the death of Yahya (p) 

1859 BC + 29 AD = 1888 years. 

18) The letters of Surat Al Hijr (#15) are 2829 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the birth of Saleh (p) and the birth of Yahya/John the Baptist (p) 

2830 BC-1 BC = 2829 years. 

5.10) Jesus Christ (p) 

His age will be decided by the verses wherein he was mentioned in the holy 
Quran. He was named Al Masih (the Messiah), Isa (Jesus) or Ibn Maryam (Son of 
Mary). 

The word "Al Masih" was mentioned lltimes. 

The word "Isa" was mentioned 25 times. 

The repetition in the same verse happened 5 times, to be deducted. 

The word "Ibn Maryam" was mentioned alone 2 times, to be added. 

11+ 25 - 5 + 2 = 33 (equivalent to 33 years, the age of Jesus Christ (p)) 


230 



Jesus Christ is greater than to be introduced, and despite the fact that all dates or 
most of them consider his birth as a reference, but there is a Surah allocated 
particularly to him in the Holy Quran which is Surat Maryam (#19). 

This Surah has 961 words, equivalent to the time difference between the death of 
David (p) in 961 BC and the birth of Jesus Christ (p), which is possible because his 
descent from the side of his mother goes back to David (p). 

The verses of this Surah are 98, equivalent to the total age of Jesus (p) and the 
age of his mother Maryam (p) 

33 years +65 years = 98 years 

I think she was born in 16 BC as her story in Surat Maryam (#19) begins from 
verse 16 and also the 249 words of Surat Al Tahreem (#66), where God has 
praised Maryam and Pharaoh's wife Asia/Satiah. They are equivalent to the time 
interval between the awakening of the People of the Cave in 265 BC and the birth 
of Maryam peace be upon her. 

265 BC - 16 BC = 249 years. 

I think no need to repeat all the dates of Jesus Christ, only I want to remind you of 
the initial letters mentioned at the beginning of Surat Maryam (#19), which are: 

The letter kaf repeated 137 times. 

The letter ha repeated 174 times. 

The letter ya repeated 342 times. 

The letter ain repeated 117 times. 

The letter sad repeated 26 times 

The total sum of the repetition of the five letters is 796 times, equivalent to the 

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time interval between: 


1) The death of the Judge Eli and awakening of the Cave People 
1061 BC - 265 BC = 796 years. 

2) The birth of Hud (p) and his death 
3761 BC - 2965 BC = 796 years. 

3) The birth of Yunus (p) and destruction of Jerusalem by Titus 
725 BC + 71 AD = 796 years. 

4) The death of Elisha (p) and the birth of Jesus Christ (p) 

796 BC-0 BC = 796 years. 

5) The birth of Saleh (p) and the birth of Shu'ayb (p) 

2399 BC - 1603 BC = 796 years. 


5.11) Muhammad (p) 

Muhammad (p) was born in 572 AD and his death was in 633 AD, where he lived 
61 solar years. The surah that dates for him is Surat Muhammad (#47). The words 
of this Surah are 539 words, equivalent to the time difference between the death 
of Jesus Christ (p) in the year 33 AD and the birth of Muhammad (p) in the 
year 572 AD. 


232 



572 AD-33 AD = 539 years. 


As for its verses, they are 38 verses, equivalent to his age (p) at the start of his 
mission as prophet and Messenger in 610 AD. 

610 AD-572 AD = 38 years. 

While the letters of this Surah are 2389 letters, equivalent to the time difference 
between the death of Ishmael (p) in 1766 BC and the Hijrah (Migration) of 
Muhammad (p) in 623AD. 

1766 BC + 623 AD = 2389 years. 

What confirms and supports these dates is: 

1) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Aal 'Imran (#3) is 2351 times, 
equivalent to the time difference between the mission of Muhammad (p) and the 
birth of the Second Grandson (Ephraim) in 1741 BC 

1741 BC + 610 AD = 2351 years. 

2) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Aal 'Imran (#3) is 1246 times; 
they are equivalent to the time difference between the death of Muhammad (p) 
in 633 AD and the destruction of Nineveh (the city of Yunus(p)) in 613 BC 

633 AD + 613 BC = 1246 years. 

3) The total repetition of the letters (a = 1234 times, I = 808 times, and r = 255 
times) in Surat Yusuf (#12) is 2297 times, equivalent to the time interval between 

the mission of Muhammad (p) in 610 AD and the death of the second grandson 

233 



(Ephraim) in 1687 BC. 


1687 BC + 610 AD = 2297 years. 

4) The total repetition of the letters (a = 712 times, I = 550 times, and m = 341 
times) in Surat Al 'Ankabut (#29) is 1603 times. They are equivalent to the time 
difference between the birth of David (p) and the birth of Muhammad (p) 

1031 BC + 572 AD =1603 years. 

5) The words of Surat Al Isra' (#17) are 1556 words. They are equivalent to the 
time interval between the death of Solomon (p) and the death of Muhammad (p) 

923BC + 633AD = 1556 years. 

6) The repetition of the letter alef (a) in Surat Al A'raf (#7) is 2344 times. They are 
equivalent to the time difference between the death of Isaac (p) in 1772 BC and 
the birth of Muhammad (p) in 572 AD 

1772 BC + 572 AD = 2344 years. 

7) The words of Surat Al Shura (#42) are 860 words. They are equivalent to the 
time interval between the start of the Hijrah Calendar in 623 AD and the start of 
timing in the Leap timing in the Leap Year in 237 BC during the reign of Ptolemy III 

237 BC + 623 AD = 860 years. 

8) The letters of Surat Al Saff (#61) are 945 letters.They are equivalent to the time 
interval between the start of Hijrah of Muhammad (p) in 623 AD and the death of 
Alexander the Great in 322 BC. 


234 



322 BC + 623 AD = 945 years. 


9) The words of Surat Al Buruj (#85) are 109 words and the letters are 463 letters; 
their total is equivalent to the birth year of Prophet Muhammad (p) in 572 AD. 

109 + 463 = 572. 

10) The words of Surat Al Buruj are 109 words. They are equivalent to the time 
interval between the death of Prophet Muhammad (p) in 633 AD and the killing of 
the Groove People (Christians of Najran) in 524 BC who were mentioned only in 
Surat Al Buruj 

633 AD-524 BC = 109 years. 

11) The letters of Surat Al Hadid (#57) are 2505 letters. They are equivalent to the 
time interval between the birth of Ishmael (p) and the birth of Prophet 
Muhammad (p). 

1933 BC + 572 AD = 2505 years. 

12) The words of Surat Al Hadid (#57) are 574 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the Hijrah (Migration) of Muhammad (p) and the death of 
Maryam (Jesus Christ mother) 

623 AD-49 AD = 574 years. 

13) The words of Surat Al Naml (#27) are 1151 words, equivalent to the time 
interval between the first death of Ezra and Hijrah of Muhammad (p) 

528 BC + 623 AD = 1151 years. 


235 



14) The repetition of the letter meem (m) in Surat Al A'raf (#7) is 1161 times, 
equivalent to the time interval between the first death of Ezra and the death of 
Muhammad (p) 

528 BC + 633 AD = 1161 years. 

15) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and ra in Surat Al Hijr (#15) is 871 
times, equivalent to the time interval between the buildup of the Mosque on the 
Cave People and the Hij'rah of Muhammad (p) 

248 BC +623 AD = 871 years. 

16) The letters of Surat Al Talaq (#65) are 1184 letters, equivalent to the time 
interval between the start sleep of the Cave People and the mission of 
Muhammad (p) 

574 BC + 610 AD = 1184 years. 

17) The repetition sum of the letters alef, lam and meem in Surat Al Rum (#30) is 
1197times, equivalent to the time interval between the start sleep of the Cave 
People and Hij'rah of Muhammad (p) 

574 BC + 623 AD = 1197 years. 

18) The words of Surat Taha (#20) are 1335 words, equivalent to the time interval 
between the birth of Yunus (p) and the mission of Muhammad (p) 

725 BC +610 AD = 1335 years. 

19) The words of Surat Yunus (#10) are 1833 words, equivalent to the time 

interval between the birth of Ayyub and the death of Muhammad (p) 

236 



1200 BC + 633 AD = 1833 years. 


237 



Conclusion 


The Holy Quran Code and the Bible Code: 

The Holy Quran Code had come to prove that the Holy Quran is descended from 
Almighty God, the wise and knowing, and no changes or alterations have occurred 
to it since its revelation till our time. 

[15—9]((lt is we who sent down the Quran, and we watch over it.)) 

[41-42] ((Falsehood does not come to it from before it or from behind it. It is a 
sending down from the one, the wise, and the praised.)) 

The style of the Holy Quran Code is very simple that both the scholar and the 
ignorant can understand it. Each verse, word or letter is equivalent to one year. 

The American journalist Michael Drosnin aroused a universal storm because of his 
book titled (Bible Code). He claimed that Jewish scientists have discovered a 
Secret Code in the Bible, which could not appear without the computer 
assistance. He prophesized of the assassination of the former Israel Prime 
Minister Yitzhak Rabin, the election of Bill Clinton as President of America and the 
Gulf War. 

Two German scientists, Dr. Uwe Glessmer and Alexander Schick, had leapt 
responding to him, in their book called (the Search for the Original Version of the 
Bible) refuting his theory in total. Dr. Uwe Glessmer is a member of the world 
team of Qumran Scrolls, and associated in their publications. Alexander Schick is 
the Director of Qumran & Bible Exhibition. They traced the allegations came in 
the book (Bible Code) who claimed that original Hebrew Version of the Bible was 


238 



used in the work. They found that his version was Hebrew but was not the 
original and its date goes back to the 15/16 centuries AD, and defers from the 
style of Hebrew scripts of the ancient texts that were found in Qumran with their 
date going deep to the Second (or Third) Century BC. Currently Qumran Scrolls 
are considered the oldest. However, before the discovery of Qumran, they did not 
have a version older than that in Leningrad which date goes back to the tenth 
century AD. 

The Code, if was found, has to be in the older version (about 1800 year between 
the two versions) 

Dr. Uwe Glessmer has excreted his examinations by the computer (he is a 
computer expert in addition to his experience in the Qumran Scrolls) to examine 
what the author of the Bible Code book claimed, but nothing coded appeared in 
the oldest copy of the Bible. 

Yes, they claim in the Orthodox Judaism and some Christian circles that the Bible 
written in Hebrew (especially the Torah/ Moses five books) has not been changed 
for hundreds of years, so the code lies in all of its parts. But it is not that easy, 
especially because of the development of the Hebrew language; the old Hebrew 
version of the Bible differs from the Middle Ages version as regard to the letters 
that constitute this version. This has been proved by the Scrolls of Qumran, in a 
full chapter of the book of Isaiah (the talk is still for the two authors), which date 
go back to the Second Century BC, that has not been changed in its meaning from 
the contemporary version, but if we examine the letters that consist this chapter 
(ancient Hebrew was written in the consonant letters only). We will find that 
there are about six thousand differences between the old version and the copy of 
the Medieval Ages that is accredited by the code theorists. If the code theory is 
primarily dependent on the order of the letters and their structure, how then it is 
correct with this large difference between the old and the new. 


239 



240 



Appendix: A 

The following Table shows the number of the verses, words and letters of the 
Holy Quran Surahs as well as the repetition of the segmented Letters (initial 
letters): 


# 

Surah Name 

Verses 

Words 

Letters 

Initial Letters 

1 

Al Fatihah: 

7 

29 

139 











2 

Al Baqarah: 

286 

6117 

25900 

A 

4214 

L 

3198 

M 

2192 





3 

Aal Imran: 

200 

3481 

14762 

A 

2351 

L 

1888 

M 

1246 





4 

Al Nisa': 

176 

3747 

16085 











5 

Al Ma'idah: 

120 

2804 

12032 











6 

Al An'am: 

165 

3050 

12571 











7 

AlA'raf: 

206 

3320 

14245 

A 

2344 

L 

1526 

M 

1161 

Sad 

98 



8 

Al Anfal: 

75 

1234 

5349 











9 

AlTawbah: 

129 

2498 

10954 











10 

Yunus: 

109 

1833 

7521 

A 

1224 

L 

909 

R 

255 





11 

Hud: 

123 

1917 

7726 

A 

1277 

L 

791 

R 

323 





12 

Yusuf: 

111 

1777 

7203 

A 

1234 

L 

808 

R 

255 





13 

AlRa'd: 

43 

854 

3500 

A 

557 

L 

476 

M 

257 

R 

135 



14 

Ibrahim: 

52 

830 

3497 

A 

550 

L 

448 

R 

158 





15 

AlHijr: 

99 

654 

2829 

A 

458 

L 

319 

R 

94 





16 

AlNahl: 

128 

1844 

7723 











17 

Al Isra': 

111 

1556 

6565 











18 

Al Kahf: 

110 

1579 

6488 











19 

Maryam: 

98 

961 

3868 

K 

137 

H 

174 

Ya 

342 

Ain 

117 

Sad 

26 

20 

TaHa: 

135 

1335 

5338 

Ta 

28 

H 

250 







21 

Al Anbiya': 

112 

1169 

4980 











22 

Al Hajj: 

78 

1274 

5237 











23 

Al Mu'minun: 

118 

1050 

4399 











24 

AlNur: 

64 

1316 

5664 











25 

Al Furqan: 

77 

893 

3825 











26 

AlShu'ara: 

227 

1318 

5573 

Ta 

33 

S 

93 

M 

481 





27 

Al Naml: 

93 

1151 

4747 

Ta 

27 

S 

93 







28 

Al Qasas: 

88 

1430 

5861 

Ta 

19 

S 

101 

M 

457 






241 










29 

Al 'Ankabut: 

69 

976 

4256 

A 

712 

L 

550 

M 

341 





30 

Al Rum: 

60 

817 

3434 

A 

493 

L 

390 

M 

314 





31 

Luqman: 

34 

546 

2134 

A 

337 

L 

293 

M 

170 





32 

AlSajdah: 

30 

372 

1542 

A 

242 

L 

151 

M 

155 





33 

Al Ahzab: 

73 

1287 

5675 











34 

Saba': 

54 

883 

3549 











35 

Fatir: 

45 

775 

3184 











36 

YaSin: 

83 

725 

3020 

Ya 

236 

S 

47 







37 

AlSaffat: 

182 

861 

3828 











38 

Sad: 

88 

733 

3018 

Sad 

29 









39 

AIZumar: 

75 

1172 

4786 











40 

Ghafir: 

85 

1219 

5041 

Ha 

62 

M 

377 







41 

Fussilat: 

54 

794 

3336 

Ha 

46 

M 

273 







42 

Al Shura: 

53 

860 

3471 

Ha 

51 

M 

297 

Ain 

98 

S 

53 

Q 

57 

43 

AIZukhruf: 

89 

830 

3553 

Ha 

42 

M 

321 







44 

Al Dukhan: 

59 

346 

1455 

Ha 

14 

M 

147 







45 

AlJathiyah: 

37 

488 

2050 

Ha 

29 

M 

197 







46 

Al Ahqaf: 

35 

643 

2627 

Ha 

34 

M 

222 







47 

Muhammad: 

38 

539 

2389 











48 

AlFath: 

29 

560 

2479 











49 

Al Flujurat: 

18 

347 

1508 











50 

Qaf: 

45 

373 

1488 

Q 

57 









51 

Al Dhariyat: 

60 

360 

1523 











52 

AlTur: 

49 

312 

1305 











53 

Al Najm: 

62 

360 

1422 











54 

Al Qamar: 

55 

342 

1461 











55 

Al Rahman: 

78 

351 

1657 











56 

Al Waqi'ah: 

96 

379 

1719 











57 

Al Hadid: 

29 

574 

2505 











58 

Al Mujadilah: 

22 

472 

2011 











59 

Al Flashr: 

24 

445 

1931 











60 

Al Mumtahanah: 

13 

348 

1542 











61 

Al Saff: 

14 

221 

945 











62 

AlJumu'ah: 

11 

175 

755 











63 

Al Munafiqun: 

11 

180 

787 












242 




























100 

Al 'Adiyat: 

11 

40 

164 











101 

Al Qari'ah: 

11 

36 

158 











102 

AlTakathur: 

8 

28 

123 











103 

Al 'Asr: 

3 

14 

71 











104 

Al Humazah: 

9 

33 

134 











105 

AIFil: 

5 

23 

96 











106 

Quraish: 

4 

17 

75 











107 

Al Ma'un: 

7 

25 

114 











108 

Al Kawthar: 

3 

10 

42 











109 

Al Kafirun: 

6 

26 

95 











110 

Al Nasr: 

3 

19 

80 











111 

Al Masad: 

5 

23 

81 











112 

Al Ikhlas: 

4 

15 

47 











113 

Al Falaq: 

5 

23 

71 











114 

AlNas: 

6 

20 

80 












244 










Glossery 


A 

Aad: 14 24 26 27 28 34 60 71 144 145 147 162 189 

Aaron: 38 56 72 77 79 82 86 114 115 116 117 131 143 148 152 168 170 172 173 

174 180 183 189 206 

Abdul Basit Abdul Samad: 98 

Abdul Quddus Ansari: 29 

Abdul Razzaq Abawi: 16 

Aber: 31 37 42 43 44 45 47 59 60 61 71 88 89 113 125 152 177 
Aberu: 37 46 47 
Abieru: 132 154 

Abraham: 10 15 23 29 31 32 36 39 40 47 48 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 60 61 64 65 71 
72 76 79 84 105 106 115 117 121 123 139 177 199 200 203 
Adam: 10 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 38 123 129 
Africa: 28 

Ahmose I: 101 102 127 
Ain Shams: 27 97 
Akhenaten: 78 132 153 
Akron: 163 
Alargam: 9 
Al Asbat: 79 
Al Biloosy Branch: 101 
Alexander Schick: 226 

Alexander the Great: 12 76 77 102 104 107 124 128 164 182 187 190 201 205 207 
212 213 214 215 216 223 
Alexandria: 205 
Al Khalil: 47 


245 



Al Madinah Al Munawarah: 204 

Al Masih: 219 

Alminyah: 53 

Alphabet: 61 

Al Raha: 47 

Al Raqeem Cave: 204 

Altawi: 92 

Al Tod: 134 

Amenemhab: 147 

Amenemhat I: 52 99 

Amenemhat II: 52 

Amenhotep IV: 93 96 97 

Amenhotep V: 97 

Amenemhotep VI: 97 

Amenophis II: 132 144 145 147 

Amman: 204 

Amon: 132 153 

Anchu: 92 

Aphek: 163 

Apostles: 61 

Arabia: 27 

Arabian Peninsula: 32 
Arabs: 20 
Ark: 100 206 

Ark of Covenant: 121 163 170 173 174 203 205 206 

Armant: 27 90 97 98 134 

Artabanos: 53 

Artaxerxes I: 198 200 

Asenath: 90 95 97 

Ashdod:163 

Ashkelon: 163 


246 



Ashura: 126 130 
Asia: 9 114 141 219 
Asia Minor: 163 
Assyrians: 154 193 
Atiyyah Zahidah: 204 
Augustus: 214 
Austrian Mission: 101 

Ayyub: 27 65 114 122 159 160 161 162 167 178 188 190 202 211 218 225 
Azar: 31 36 42 47 48 49 50 51 59 63 89 103 107 108 159 176 181 198 

B 

Baal: 186 187 188 218 
Babylon: 154 200 
Babylonian Captivity: 9 198 
Babylonian invasion: 9 
Bakkah: 23 53 54 118 
Bani Hasan: 53 

Bani Israel: 75 94 97 100 101 186 189 

Basmalah: 119 184 208 209 

Basrah: 200 

Bassam Jarrar: 10 204 

Bedouins: 33 95 

Beriah: 98 

Berlin: 46 

Bernd Yosef Jansen: 97 
Bethlehem: 99 

Bible: 9 10 12 18 19 36 37 42 47 48 51 52 65 74 91 95 102 130 131 140 163 173 

187 226 227 

Bible Code: 226 227 

Bill Clinton: 226 


247 



Black Sea: 19 20 
Book of Chronicles: 198 
Boulaq: 92 
British Museum: 212 

c 

Cairo: 27 39 61 92 101 
Calendar: 126 
Carola Vogel: 148 

Cave People: 85 110 196 209 210 211 213 216 220 224 

Children of Israel: 8 11 15 46 64 74 75 97 100 101 102 128 129 131 132 134 143 
152 153 154 156 169 
Christ: 32 

Christians: 10 198 204 209 

Christians of Najran: 223 

Chronology: 14 31 64 97 114 144 182 

Church Forum: 80 

Code: 226 

Conclusion: 226 

Crete: 163 

Cyrus the Great: 214 

D 

Danube: 20 

David: 13 17 50 55 56 57 80 85 111 114 116 118 121 122 123 130 135 153 154 
155 157 158 160 162 163 165 174 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 186 190 192 194 
208 219 222 
Dawud: 50 57 
Dead Sea: 204 

Deir el Bahri: 110 137 139 148 


248 



Delta: 12 93 94 100 101 102 131 

Disciples: 39 

Djeser Djeseru: 110 

Djoser: 39 40 

DNA: 99 

Dorman: 137 

Dynasty: 9 28 40 51 52 61 82 91 92 93 96 101 127 129 156 213 

E 

Eber: 20 31 36 37 42 113 125 152 
Edessa: 47 

Egypt: 8 11 12 26 27 28 29 33 39 45 46 47 48 52 53 74 75 79 81 82 90 91 93 94 95 

96 99 100 102 122 128 129 130 140 153 163 178 205 212 

Egyptologists: 92 95 99 100 142 148 

Egyptology: 157 

Elead: 98 

Elias: 37 38 39 63 86 161 182 186 187 188 189 

Elijah: 37 39 63 86 150 157 161 171 172 175 176 182 186 201 215 218 

Elisha: 70 86 103 110 118 150 161 165 168 172 182 185 189 190 191 192 193 194 

201210 214 220 

Elyasa': 70 86 182 189 

Emperor: 214 

Enoch: 37 38 39 

Ephesus: 204 

Ephraim: 20 26 35 44 59 62 64 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 97 98 106 116 125 

135 151 170 189 191 211 221 222 

Ephrata: 99 

Eser: 98 

Euphrates: 129 

Exodus: 12 13 74 94 102 114 119 121 122 125 129 130 140 143 156 162 178 


249 



Ezra: 22 57 62 72 73 103 108 135 157 161 164 166 171 174 175 179 182 185 187 
190 194 195 196 198 199 200 201 202 203 207 215 216 217 224 


F 

Faqqous: 101 
Flinders Petrie: 29 
Flood: 15 16 19 20 43 83 

G 

Gat: 163 
Gaza: 163 

Genealogists: 96 97 
Genesis: 90 95 102 
Georg Friedrich Unger: 97 
Giants: 32 47 
Giza: 37 46 47 
Giza Pyramids: 31 
Golden Calf: 117 

Goliath: 55 111 114 134 155 163 165 166 167 174 179 180 188 190 197 

Goshen: 94 101 102 

Greek: 10 48 61 

Gregorian: 130 

Groove People: 209 223 

Gulf of Aqaba: 134 

Gulf of Suez: 134 

Gulf War: 226 

H 

Haanchef: 92 93 97 98 99 157 
Hajer: 29 52 53 

250 



Haman: 142 144 145 147 
Hammurabi: 51 
Hanif: 92 
Harran: 47 55 
Harun: 38 72 115 170 

Hatshepsut: 9 35 43 58 64 69 70 73 78 87 109 110 111 112 113 127 129 137 138 
139 141 142 158 168 175 180 191 211 218 
Heaven: 37 38 40 143 
Heber: 37 

Hebrew: 10 36 37 47 92 129 130 226 227 

Hebron: 47 

Heliopolis: 27 97 

Herakleopolis: 148 

Herbert E. Winlock: 148 

Hieroglyphs: 92 

Hijaz: 47 

Hijrah: 221 223 224 
Holy Land: 131 152 156 
Holy of Holies: 110 137 
Horemheb: 132 153 156 

Hud: 14 15 16 22 23 24 25 26 28 34 37 49 54 55 60 89 118 126 220 
Humboldt University: 46 

Hyksos: 41 58 62 64 66 68 75 78 81 84 93 95 100 101 102 103 104 116 128 131 
135 151 154 158 169 172 183 189 192 202 213 

I 

Ibn Maryam: 219 

Ibrahim: 13 23 29 31 38 39 40 43 45 47 48 49 51 53 57 58 59 60 62 63 64 65 88 92 
104 108 112 124 167 169 179 185 

Idris: 25 26 31 33 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 45 49 60 69 89 104 108 136 


251 



Initial Letters: 10 
Iram: 27 

Iraq: 47 51 193 199 200 
Isa: 39 186 212 219 

Isaac: 26 41 45 48 61 64 65 67 68 69 70 71 79 85 104 105 107 112 136 145 149 
166 191 192 197 198 222 
Isaiah: 227 
Ishaq: 64 

Ishmael: 29 37 49 64 65 66 67 70 79 124 136 160 221 223 
Islam: 12 

Ismael: 22 52 57 62 63 64 65 
Israel: 46 82 94 132 153 
Israel Second State: 146 152 
Israel Stele: 131 


J 

Jacob: 20 41 44 46 63 64 66 67 68 72 73 74 75 76 79 80 81 82 94 96 98 99 100 106 
111 117 151 157 158 166 197 203 214 218 
Jasan: 102 
Jericho: 204 

Jerusalem: 99 102 121 132 198 204 205 220 

Jesus: 10 39 79 105 121 124 175 177 186 208 209 212 219 

Jesus Christ: 15 74 121 129 182 204 207 212 219 220 221 224 

Jews: 10 79 198 200 204 

Job: 65 79 114 159 167 178 188 202 

John the Baptist: 32 186 215 216 219 

Jonah: 69 73 79 182 193 

Jordan: 152 

Joseph: 11 12 13 26 55 61 64 67 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 82 90 91 92 93 95 96 97 
99 100 101 102 103 107 112 115 119 122 141 147 155 157 161 162 176 183 184 


252 



191 197 198 212 218 
Josephus: 101 

Joshua: 149 150 151 152 154 200 

Joshua Ben Noon: 35 43 68 73 86 87 106 114 124 132 149 153 180 181 191 
Judge Eli: 58 108 114 116 163 167 168 169 170 188 211 217 220 

K 

Ka'ba: 23 24 26 29 54 55 57 58 59 60 64 71 118 

Kemit: 93 96 

Khnom Hotep II: 53 

Korah: 70 114 142 144 145 180 

L 

Labib Habashi: 147 
Lamech: 18 19 
Latin: 61 

Leap Timing: 223 
Leap Year: 223 
Lebanon: 46 
Leningrad: 227 

Levant: 39 47 114 132 152 153 163 205 
Lisht: 61 92 

Lot: 26 31 35 42 48 61 62 63 64 71 89 112 146 155 176 181 189 203 211 
Luqman: 34 169 

Luxor: 12 27 90 92 98 101 110 132 134 139 143 147 148 

M 

Machir: 98 

Magicians: 140 142 148 
Mahu: 147 


253 



Mainz University: 148 

Manasseh: 35 41 44 59 64 68 69 77 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 97 98 111 122 

136 146 151 152 157 177 202 207 

Mandaeans: 37 

Manetho: 39 91 97 102 127 

Maryam: 25 33 39 219 220 224 

Mastaba: 99 

Mecca: 23 24 28 29 53 54 

Median: 41 57 62 87 109 114 121 122 123 125 139 140 141 162 176 

Mediterranean: 51 

Memphis: 205 

Menat Chufo: 53 

Mentohotep II: 148 

Merenptah: 153 

Mesopotamia: 126 205 

Messiah: 219 

Metropoltan Museum: 99 148 
Michael Drosnin: 226 
MMA-507: 148 

Moses: 9 11 12 15 24 25 27 38 41 53 55 56 57 62 66 68 77 79 80 81 82 83 87 90 
93 94 98 102 106 109 110 114 115 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 127 129 
130 131 132 133 134 136 137 138 139 140 141 143 144 148 149 152 153 154 156 
161 162 164 166 169 170 172 173 176 178 180 184 188 191 198 206 208 209 213 
Mosque: 100 101 110 205 206 207 209 210 211 214 216 224 227 
Mosul: 193 
Mozambique: 28 

Muhammad: 8 9 12 16 18 25 38 39 65 66 68 82 83 100 123 130 160 171 178 182 

183 204 209 213 221 222 223 224 225 

Muharram: 126 130 

Musa: 38 169 170 

Muslimes: 10 37 38 79 83 130 200 


254 



N 

Nahor: 53 

Napoleon: 8 128 

Nebuchadnezzar: 198 205 

Neferhotep I: 93 94 95 97 98 99 157 

Neheri: 53 

Nehy: 93 94 99 100 

New York: 99 

Nile: 9 101 134 

Nile Delta: 12 96 163 

Nile River: 134 147 

Nile Valley: 47 

Nimrud: 48 51 52 

Nineveh: 193 222 

Nisan: 126 

Noah: 14 15 16 18 19 20 21 28 37 43 67 79 83 100 203 
Noon Center: 9 16 
Nubian: 99 
Nuh: 21 

o 

Obelisks: 147 
Old Kingdom: 40 
Orfali: 47 
Osiris: 48 
Ovaris: 101 
Own: 27 90 92 97 

P 


255 



Palestine: 47 53 90 96 102 163 
Paneah: 90 92 
Papyrus: 92 

Papyrus Boulaq 18: 92 99 
Pentateuch: 198 

People of Hud: 14 24 26 27 71 162 
People of Pharaoh: 9 127 128 

People of the Book: 9 10 11 15 20 36 47 48 74 140 142 149 156 173 198 199 205 
People of the Cave: 10 34 54 56 75 82 119 120 149 167 174 179 182 184 195 203 
204 205 206 207 208 209 210 213 220 
Persian Empire: 214 
Petra Andrassy: 46 

Pharaoh: 8 9 12 35 40 43 52 58 64 66 69 70 73 78 87 90 95 102 106 109 117 118 
119 127 129 132 133 134 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 147 148 153 154 
156 

Pharaoh of Moses: 13 41 43 50 78 125 131 132 134 152 156 

Phoenician: 61 

Pithom: 12 101 131 156 

Potipherah: 90 

Presedent of America: 226 

Psalms: 80 

Ptolemy: 212 

Ptolemy II: 10 205 

Ptolemy III: 223 

Punt Land: 28 30 

Putiphar: 95 

Pyramid: 39 99 

Pyramids: 37 46 47 

Q 


256 



Qarun: 70 114 142 145 146 147 180 
Queen Aya: 92 
Queen of Saba': 110 
Quentir: 101 

Qumran: 121 203 204 205 227 
Qumran & Bible Exhibition: 226 
Qumran Scrolls: 203 208 226 227 

Quran: 8 9 10 11 12 16 17 18 22 27 33 37 38 47 48 52 68 70 78 79 82 83 90 91 95 
96 97 117 121 126 127 128 129 130 140 141 143 145 148 156 163 167 204 206 
208 212 219 226 
Quran Code: 226 
Qurnah: 139 143 147 

R 

Rachel: 99 

Ramses: 12 101131 156 
Ramses I: 132 

Ramses II: 9 12 35 40 58 84 101 114 127 131132 153 156 157 158 159 170 181 

186 188 197 202 

Ramses III: 163 

Red Sea: 28 32 

Rekhmire: 142 143 144 145 

Roman Empire: 214 

Rosetta: 8 

s 

Sabians: 37 40 
Safinat: 96 

Saleh: 24 25 28 31 32 33 34 35 36 38 39 42 47 49 75 88 105 108 159 185 192 211 
219 221 


257 



Samuel: 114 163 169 170 171 172 173 206 
Saqqara: 39 
Sarah: 52 

Satiah: 9 114 127 140 141 142 219 

Saul: 44 50 57 78 111 114 115 120 146 151 153 155 163 165 170 173 174 175 176 
177 188 192 196 197 202 206 
Scrolls: 204 

Scrolls of Qumran: 121 
Sea People: 114 163 214 

Second State: 69 85 103 114 123 135 154 155 156 175 176 179 183 

Senah:95 

Senat: 95 

Senebe:96 

Senebhenas: 95 96 

Senebtisi: 93 96 99 

Senenmut: 110 117 136 137 138 144 

Senosert: 99 

Senusert I: 52 

Seraiah: 198 

Seti I: 132 

Seventies Translation: 10 36 

Shaleh: 36 37 

Sharoheen: 102 

Shaul: 173 

Sheba:169 

Shebt: 80 

Sholgi: 51 52 

Shu'ayb: 33 34 50 56 64 68 72 73 78 83 88 104 105 106 107 108 109 114 116 119 
151 152 165 166 178 212 221 
Shuthelah: 98 
Sihathor: 93 98 


258 



Sinai: 61 
Soan:101 

Sobekhotep II: 92 93 99 
Sobekhotep III: 95 96 99 
Sobekhotep IV: 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 157 
Sobekhotep V: 93 98 

Solomon: 34 57 76 79 103 110 116 119 120 121 125 150 153 155 160 165 168 172 
177 178 182 183 184 185 186 187 192 196 207 208 210 222 
Somalia: 29 

Sons of Israel: 81 94 123 126 131 144 153 154 163 179 183 198 

Stele of Merenptah: 131 

Step Pyramid: 39 

Sudan:129 

Sulayman: 57 182 183 

Synagogue: 205 

Syria: 129 


T 

Tablets: 206 208 214 
Tablets of Moses: 121 

Talut: 44 50 78 114 115 120 153 163 170 173 174 

Tel Al Ujool: 102 

Tel Dab'a: 101 

Tel El Amarna: 132 153 

Tel El Amarna Letters: 132 154 

Temple: 12 120 183 184 196 198 205 

Terah: 31 36 42 47 48 63 89 103 107 108 159 176 181 198 

Thamud: 24 28 31 32 33 34 35 36 42 45 47 49 54 59 88 105 113 144 145 156 193 

Thebes: 12 92 98 101 102 128 132 147 153 

Thul Kifl: 37 167 


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Thul Qarnayn: 76 77 102 182 187 201 207 212 
Thutmose I: 109 138 
Thutmose II: 9 109 127 137 141 

Thutmose III: 8 9 12 13 41 50 66 69 70 84 87 106 109 114 119 127 128 130 132 
133 134 135 136 137 140 141 143 145 147 148 152 153 179 218 
Titus: 205 220 

Torah: 48 65 67 80 82 90 91 92 94 95 96 97 100 101 117 121 130 198 205 227 

Trojan War: 163 

TT71: 138 139 

TT85:147 

TT100:143 

TT353: 139 

Tubba: 169 

Turin Papyrus: 39 

Turkey: 47 204 

u 

Upper Egypt: 134 

Ur: 47 51 200 

Ur-Nammu: 51 

Uwe Glessmer: 226 227 

Uzayr: 57 62 174 182 194 198 199 200 

w 

Walter Pitman: 19 
William Budge: 29 
William Ryan: 19 

Y 

Yahya: 186 215 216 217 218 219 

260 



Ya'qub: 41 64 72 
Yesriel: 98 

Yunus: 26 34 41 50 69 73 75 77 78 85 116 123 150 162 164 171 175 178 179 182 
184 185 187 190 193 194 195 196 197 198 200 201 210 220 222 225 
Yusuf: 33 61 64 74 80 91 93 95 99 122 183 207 
Yitzhak Rabin: 226 


Z 

Zakariya: 186 
Zaphenath: 90 

Zechariah: 63 77 161 167 186 215 216 217 218 
Zerubbabel: 198 200 
Ziggurats: 52 
Zwaan: 101 


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ISBN 978-9957-67-214-0 


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