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Samuel Rutherford. 







Samuel Rutherford 


Biographical Sketches of His Correfpondents, 





VOL. I. 





*^ He would fend me as a fpy into this wildernefs of fuffering, to fee the land, 
and to try the ford ; and I cannot make a lie of Chrift's crofs ; I can report 
nothing but good both of Him and it." — [Let. ii8.] 


Most juftly does the old Preface to the earlier Editions begin by 
telling the Reader that " Thefe Letters have no need of any man's 
epiftle commendatory, the great Mafter having given them one, 
written by His own hand on the hearts of all who favour the things 
of God." Every one who knows thefe " Letters" at all, is aware 
of their moft peculiar charafteriftic, namely, the difcovery they 
prefent of the marvellous intercourfe carried on between the writer's 
ibul and his God. 

This Edition will be found to be the moft complete that has 
hitherto appeared. Attending carefully to the chronological ar- 
rangement, the Editor has fought, by biographical, topographi- 
cal, and hiflorical notices, to put the Reader in pofleiTion of all that 
was needed to enable him to enter into the circumflances in which 
each Letter was written, fo far as that could be done. The Ex- 
planatory Notes, the appended Gloifary of Scottifh words and 
expreffions (many of them in reality old Englifh), the Index of 
Places and Perfons, the Index of Special Subjects, and the prefixed 
Contents of each Letter, will, it is confidently believed, be found 
both interefiing and ufeful. The Sketch of Rutherford's life may be 
thought too brief -, but the limits within which such a Sketch muft 


necefTarily be confined, when occupying the place of a mere Intro- 
duftion, rendered brevity inevitable. 

Every Letter hitherto publifhed is to be found in this Edition. 
The ten additional Letters of the Edition 1848, along with two 
more, added fmce that time, are all inferted in their chronological 
place. The publifhers have taken great pains with the typography. 

A. A. B. 

Glasgow, z-jth NoTember 1862. 



Sketch of Samuel Rutherford ^ i 

To Marion M'Naught. — Children to be Dedicated to God, . t>s 

To a Chrijlian Gentlecwomariy on the death of a Daughter. — Chrift's 

Sympathy with, and Property in us — Reafons for Refignation, 36 

To Lady Kenmure^ on occafton of illnefs and fpiritual deprejfton. — 
Acquiefcence in God's Purpofe — Faith in exercife — Encourage- 
ment in view of Sicknefs and Death — Public Affairs, . . 39 

To Lady Kenmure, on death of her infant Daughter. — Tribulation 
the Portion of God's People, and intended to Wean them 
fi-om the World, ........ 44 

To Lady Kenmure^ njjhen remo'ving from An<woth. — Changes — 

Lofs of Friends — This World no Abiding-Place, . . 46 

To Marion M^JNaught, telling of his Wife's illnefs. — Inward Con- 
flict, ariiing from Outward Trial, . . . . .48 

To Lady Kenmure. — The Earneft of the Spirit — Communion 

with Chrift — Faith in the Promifes, . , . .51 

To Marion M^Naught. — His Wife's Illnefs — Wreftlings with 

God, 54 

To Marion M^ Naught. — Recommending a Friend to her Care — 

Prayers alked, . . . . . . . '55 

To Marion M^Naught. — Submiflion, Perfeverance, and Zeal 

recommended, . . . . . . . .56 

To Lady Kenmure. — God's Inexplicable Dealings with His People 
well ordered — Want of Ordinances — Conformity to Chrift— 
Troubles of the Church— Mr Rutherford's Wife's Death, . 58 

To Marion M^ Naught. — God Mixeth the Cup — The Reward 

of the Wicked — Faithfulnefs — Forbearance — Trials, . . 61 

To Marion M^ Naught , <ivhen exposed to reproach for her prin- 
ciples. — Jefus a Pattern of Patience under Suffering, . . 65 

vui • CONTENTS. 


14. To Marion M^ Naught, in profpeB of the Lord's Supper. — Abun- 

dance in Jefus — The Reft oration of the Jews — Enemies of 
God, 67 

15. To Marion M^ Naught. — The threatened Introduction of the Ser- 

vice-Book — Troubles of the Church — Private Wrongs, . 69 

16. To Marion M^ Naught. — Propofal to Remove him from Anw^oth 

— Babylon's Deftrudtion, and Chrift's Coming — The Young 
invited, . . . . . . . . .71 

17. To Marion M' Naught. — The Profped:s of the Church — Armi- 

nianifm — Call to Prayer — No Help but in Chrift, . . 74 

1 8. To Marion M' Naught, in profpeB of the Lord's Supper. — Prayer 

Solicited — The Church's Profpeds, . . . . .76 

19. To Lady Kenmure. — Encouragement to Abound in Faith from 

the Profped: of Glory — Chrift's Unchangeablenefs, . . 77 

20. To Lady Kenmure. — Aflurance of Chrift's Love under Trials — 

Fulnefs of Chrift— Hope of Glory, 80 

21. To Lady Kenmure. — Self-denial — Hope of Chrift's Coming — 

Loving God for Himfelf, ...... 83 

22. To John Kennedy. — Deliverance from ShipwTeck — Recovery from 

threatened Death — Ufe of Trials — Remembrance of Friends, 86 

23. To Lady Kenmure. — Exhorting to remember her Efpoufal to 

Chrift — Tribulation a Preparation for the Kingdom — Glory 

in the end, ......... 90 

24. To Marion M^Naught. — Chrift and His Garden — Provilion of 

Ordinances in the Church — Our Children, . . . 93 

25. To a Gentleman at Kirkcudbright , excufmg himfelf from tnfit- 

ingy 96 

26. To Marion M^ Naught, after her dangerous ilhefs. — Ufe of Sick- 

nefs — Reproaches — Chrift our Eternal Feaft — Fafting, . . 97 

27. To Lady Kenmure. — Love to Chrift and Submiffion to His Crofs 

— Believers kept — The Heavenly Paradife, ... 99 

28. To Lady Kenmure, after the death of a child. — The State of the 

Church, Caufe for God's Difpleafure — His Care of His Church 
—The Jews— Afflided Saints, 102 

29. To Marion M^ Naught. — Chrift with His People in the Furnace 

of Afflidion — Prayer, . . . . . . .104 

30. To Lady Kenmure. — Rank and Profperity hinder Progrefs — 

Watchfulnefs — Case of Relatives, . . . . .105 

31. To Lady Kenmure. — A Union for Prayer Recommended, . 108 

32. To Marion M^ Naught. — State and Profpeds of the Church — 

Satan, . . . . . • . • .110 



:^^. To Marion M^Naught. — In Profpeft of Going to the Lord's 

Table, . . . . . . . . .112 

34. To Marion M^ Naught. — Profpedts of the Chnrch — Chrift's Care 

for the Children of Believers, . . . . . . iiz 

2,s, To Lady Kenmure, on the death of a child. — God Meafures our 

Days — Bereavements Ripen us for the Harveft, . . . 114 

36. To Marion M^ Naught. — Choice of a Commiffioner for Parlia- 

ment, . . . . . . . . .116 

37. To Lady Kenmure. — On the Death of Lord Kenmure — Defign 

of, and Duties under, Afflidtion, . . . . .117 

38. To Marion M^ Naught. — Chrift's Care of His Church, and His 

Judgments on her Enemies, . . . . . .120 

39. To Lady Kenmure. — Preparation for Death and Eternity, . .122 

40. To Lady Kenmure. — When Mr Rutherford had the Profpe(5t of 

being Removed from Anwoth, . . . . .124 

41. To Marion M^ Naught. — The Church's Trials — Comfort under 

Temptations — Deliverance — A Meflage to the Young, . 125 

42. To Lady Kenmure. — The World pafleth aw^ay — Special Portions 

of the Word for the Afflided— Call to Kirkcudbright, . 128 

43. To Marion M^ Naught. — When Mr Rutherford v^as in difficulty 

as to accepting a Call to Kirkcudbright, and Cramond, . 131 

44. To Marion M^ Naught. — Troubles threatening the Church, . 133 

45. To Marion M^ Naught. — In the Profpedt of the Lord's Supper, 

and of Trials to the Church, . . . . . .134 

46. To Marion M'Naught. — Toffings of Spirit — Her Children and 

Hufband, ......... 135 

47. To Marion M' Naught. — Submiffion to God's Arrangements, . 137 

48. To Marion M'Naught. — Troubles from Falfe Brethren — Occur- 

rences — Chrift's Coming — Interceffion, . . . .138 

49. To Marion M^Naught. — Spoiling of Goods — Call to Kirkcud- 

bright — The Lord Reigneth, . . . . . .141 

50. To Marion M^ Naught. — Chrift coming as Captain of Salvation — 

His Church's Conflict and Covenant — The Jews — Laft Days' 
Apoftafy, 143 

5 1 . To Marion M^ Naught. — Public Temptations — The Security of 

every Saint — Occurrences in the Country-fide, . . . 146 

52. To Marion M^ Naught. — In the Profped: of her Hufband being 

compelled to receive the Commands of the Prelates — Saints 

are yet to Judge, ........ 148 

S^. To Marion M^ Naught. — Encouragement under Trial by Profpedl 

of Brighter Days, ....... 149 


54. To Marion M'Naught, — Public Wrongs — Words of Comfort, . 150 
K,K^. To Marion M^ Naught. — When he had been threatened with Per- 

fecution for Preaching the Gofpel, . . . . . ijz 

J 6. To Lady Kenmure. — Reafons for Relignation — Security of Saints 

— The End of Time, ....... 153 

57. "Xo Marion M^ Naught. — In the Profped of Removal to Aberdeen, 155 

58. To Lady Kenmure — On occafion of Efforts to introduce Epifco- 

pacy, . . . ." 156 

59. To Earljlon^ Elder. — No Suffering for Chrift unrewarded — Lofs 

of Children — Chrift in Providence, . . . . .157 

60. To Marion M^Naught. — When he was under Trial by the High 

Commiffion, . . . . . . . .161 

61. To Lady Kenmure y on the evening of his banijhment to Aberdeen. 

- — His only Regrets — The Crofs unfpeakably Sweet — Retro- 

fpe(5t of his Miniftry, . ...... 162 

62. To Lady CulrofSy on the occafion of his banifhment to Aberdeen. — 

Challenges of Confcience — The Crofs no Burden, . .164 

63. To Mr Robert Cunningham^ at Holy^vood^ in Ireland. — Confola- 

tion to a Brother in Tribulation — His own Deprivation of 
Miniltry — Chrift worth Suffering for, . . . .167 

64. To Alexander Gordon of Earlflon. — His Feelings upon Leaving 

Anwoth, . . . . . . . . .171 

65. To Robert Gordon of Knockbreck, on his ivay to Aberdeen. — How 

Upheld on the Way, . . . . . . .172 

66. To Robert Gordon of Knockbrexy after arriving at Aberdeen. — 

Challenges of Confcience — Eafe in Zion, . . . .173 

67. To William Fullertony Provofl of Kirkcudbright. — Encouragement 

to Suffer for Chrift, . . . . . . .175 

68. To John Fleming y Bailie of Leith. — The Sweetnefs and Faithful- 

nefs of Chrift 's Love, . . . . . . .176 

69. To Lady Kenmure. — His Enjoyment of Chrift in Aberdeen — A 

Sight of Chrift exceeds all Reports — Some afhamed of Him 

and His, . . . . . . . . .178 

70. To Lady Kenmure. — Exercife under Reftraint from Preaching — 

The Devil — Chrift's Loving-kindnefs — Progrefs, . . 181 

71. To Mr Hugh M'Kaily Mini/ler of Irvine.— ChnU to be Trufted 

amid Trial, . . . . . . . . .184 

72. To William Gordon of Robert on. — How Trials are Misimproved 

— The Infinite Value of Chrift — Defpifed Warnings, . . 185 

73. To Earlflon y the Elder. — Satisfaction with Chrift's Ways — Private 

and Public Caufes of Sorrow, . . . . .188 



74. To Lady Culrofs. — Sufpicions of God's Ways — God's Ways 

always Right — Grace Grows under Trial, . . . .190 

75. To John Kennedy y Bailie of u4yr. — Longing after Difcoveries of 

Chrift — His Long-fuffering — Trying Circumftances, . .191 

'] 6. To Robert Gordon of Knockbrex. — Benefit of A ffliftion, . . 194 

77. To Lady Boyd. — Aberdeen — Experience of himfelf Sad — Taking 

Pains to win Grace, . . . . . . .197 

78. To Lord Boyd — Encouragement to Exertion for Chrift's 

Caufe, ......... 199 

79. To Margaret Ballantyne. — Value of the Soul, and Urgency of 

Salvation, ......... 201 

80. To Marion M^Naught. — His Comfort under Tribulations, and 

the Prifon a Palace, . . . . . , .204 

81. To Mr John Meine (j'un.y — Experience — Patient Waiting — 

Sandification, ........ 204 

82. To John Gordon of Cardonefs ^ Elder. — Win Chrift at all Hazards 

—Chrift's Beauty— A Word to Children, . . .206 

83. To the Earl of Lothian. — Advice as to Public Condud: — Every- 

thing to be endured for Chrift, . . . . .210 

84. To Jean Broivn. — ^The Joys of this Life embittered by Sin — 

Heaven an Objedt of Defire — ^Trial a Blefled Thing, . . 214 

85. To John Kennedy y Bailie of Ayr. — The Reafonablenefs of Believ- 

ing under all Afflidtion — Obligations to Free Grace, . . 216 

86. To Lord Craighall. — Epifcopalian Ceremonies — How to Abide 

in the Truth — Defire for Liberty to Preach Chrift, . .219 

87. To Elizabeth Kennedy. — Danger of Formality — Chrift wholly 

to be Loved — Other Objeds of Love, . . . .222 

88. To Janet Kennedy. — -Chrift to be kept at every Sacrifice — His in- 

comparable Lovelinefs, . . . . . .225 

89. To the Renj. Robert Blair. — God's Arrangements fometimes 

Myfterious, ........ 228 

90. To the Re-v. John Liuingflone. — Refignation — Enjoyment — State 

of the Church, . . . , . . . .232 

91. To Mr Ephraim Mel'vin. — Kneeling at the Lord's Supper a 

fpecies of Idolatry, . . . . . . • ^2>5 

92. To Mr Robert Gordon of Knockbrex. — Vifits of Chrift — The 

Things which Afflidion Teaches, . . . . .238 

93. To Lady Kenmure. — God's Dealings with Scotland — The Eye 

to be direded Heavenward, . . . . . .241 

94. To Lady Kenmure. — The Times — Chrift's Sweetnefs in Trouble 

— Longing after Him, . . . . . . .242 



95. To Lady Kenmure. — Chrift's Crofs Sweet — His coming to be De- 

fired — Jealous of any Rival, ...... 244 

96. To Lady Kenmure, — Chrift all Worthy — Anwoth, , . 246 

97. To Alexander Gordon of Earljlon. — Chrift Endeared by Bitter 

Experiences — Searchings of Heart — Fears for the Church, . 247 

98. To Mr Alexander Col'ville of Blair. — Increafing Experience of 

Chrift's Love — God with His Saints, .... 249 

99. To Earljlon^ Younger. — Chrift's AVays Mifunderftood — His in- 

creafing Kindnefs — Spiritual Delicacy — Hard to be dead to the 
World, . . . . . . . . .251 

100. To Lady Cardonefs. — The One Thing Needful — Confcientious 

A(5ting in the World — Advice under Dejecting Trials, . 2^^ 

loi. To Jonet Macculloch. — Chrift's Sufficiency — Stedfaftnefs in the 

Truth, 257 

1 02. To Alexander Gordon of Knockgray. — Grounds of Praife — Af- 

fliction tends to Mifreprefent Chrift — Idols, . . .259 

103. To Lady Cardonefs^ Elder. — Chrift and His Caufe Recom- 

mended — Heavenly-mindednefs — Caution againft Compli- 
ances — Anxiety about his Parifh, . . . . .261 

104. To Lady Kenmure. — Pains-taking in the Knowledge of Chrift — 

Unufual Enjoyment of His Love — Not Eafy to be a Chriftian 
* — Friends muft not Miflead, ...... 263 

105. To a Gentlerjuoman^ upon the death of her Hufband. — Refignation 

under Bereavement — His own Enjoyment of Chrift's Love, . 266 

106. To Lady Kenmure. — Weak Aflurance — Grace different from 

Learning — Self-accufations, . . . . . .268 

107. To Lady Boyd. — Confcioufnefs of Defedts no Argument of Chrift 

being unknown — His Experience in Exile, . . . 270 

108. To Lady Kajkiberry. — Gratitude for Kindnefs — Chrift's Prefence 

felt, 273 

109. To Lady Earljlon. — Following Chrift not Eafy — Children not 

to be Over-loved — Joy in the Lord, . . . '273 

I TO. To Mr Da-vid Dickfon. — God's Dealings — ^The Bitter Sweetened 

— Notes on Scripture, . . . . . • • '-4 75 

111. To Jean Broavn. — Chrift's Untold Precioufnefs — A Word to 

her Boy, 278 

112. To Mr John FerguJhilU — ^The Rod upon God's Children — Pain 

from a fenfe of Chrift's Love — His Prefence a Support under 
Trials — Contentednefs with Him alone, . . . .279 

113. To Mr Robert Douglas. — Greatnefs of Chrift's Love revealed to 

thofe who fuffer for Him, . . • • , . • 281 

CONTENTS. xi'ii 


1 14. To William Rigg of Athernie. — Suftaining Power of Chrift's 

Love — Satan's Oppofition — Yearnings for Chrift Himfelf 

— Fears for the Church, . . . . . .283 

1 15. To Mr Alexader Henderfon* — Sadnefs becaufe of Chrift's Head- 

fhip not fet forth — His Caufe attended with CroiTes — ^The 
Believer feen of all, . . . . . . .286 

116. To Lord Loudon. — Bleflednefs of Afting for Chrift — His Love 

to His Prifoner, 288 

117. To Mr William Dalglei/h, Mtnijler ofKirkdale and Kirkmabreck. — 

Chrift's Kindnefs — Dependence on Providence — Controverfies, 291 

118. To Mr Hugh M^Kail, Minijler at Ir'vine. — Chrift's Bountiful 

Dealings — Joy in Chrift through the Crofs, . . . 294 

119. To Mr Da'vid Dick/on. — Joyful Experience — Cup Overflowing 

in Exile, ......... 296 

120. To Mr Matthew Mo^juat, Minijler at Kilmarnock. — Plenitude 

of Chrift's Love — Need to ufe Grace Aright — Chrift the 
Ranfomer — Defire to proclaim His Gofpel — Shortcomings 
and Sufferings, . . . . . . . .298 

121. To William Halliday. — Diligence in fecuring Salvation, . . 301 

122. To a Gentlewoman after the death of her Hujband. — Vanity of 

Earthly PofTeffions — Chrift a fufficient Portion — Defign of 
Afflidiion, ......... 302 

123. To John Gordon of Cardonefsy Younger. — Reafons for being 

earaeft about the Soul, and for Refignation, . . .304 

124. To John Gordon of Cardonefsy Elder. — 'Call to Eameftnefs 

about Salvation — Intrufion of Minifters, . . . .306 

125. To Lady Forret. — Sicknefs a Kindnefs — Chrift's Glooms better 

than the World's Joys, . . . . . .307 

126. To Marion M^ Naught. — Adherence to Duty amidft Oppofition 

— Power of Chrift's Love, . . . . . -309 

127. To John Carfen. — Nothing worth the finding but Chrift, . 310 

128. To the Earl of Cajftllis. — Honour of teftifying for Chrift, . 311 

129. To Mr Robert Gordon^ Bailie of Ayr. — Chrift above All, . 313 

130. To John Kennedy y Bailie of Ayr. — Chrift's Love — The Three 

Wonders — Defires for His Second Coming, . . .315 

131. To Jean Brown. — His Wifdom in our Trials — Rejoicing in 

Tribulation, . . . . . . . .318 

132. To Jean Macmillan. — Strive to enter In, . . . .320 

133. To Lady Bujbie. — Complete Surrender to Chrift — No Idols — 

Trials difcover Sins — A Free Salvation— The Marriage 
Supper, 321 



134. To John Eq.vart, Bailie of Kirkcudbright. — The Crofs no Bur- 

den — Need of Sure Foundation, ..... 324 

135. To miliam FuUerton^ Pronjoji of Kirkcudbright. — Fear not them 

who kill the Body — Unexpeded Favour, . . ' I'i-s 

136. To Robert Glendinning ^ Minifter of Kirkcudbright. — Prepare to 

meet thy God — Chrift his Joy, . . . . .326 

137. To William Glendinning. — Perfeverance againft Oppofition, . 328 

138. To Mr Hugh Henderfon^ Minifier of the Gofpel. — Trials feleded 

by God — Patience — Looking for the Judge, . . . 330 

139. To Lord Balmerinoch. — His happy Obligations to Chrift — 

Emptinefs of the World, ...... ^iZ"^ 

140. To Lady Marry Younger. — No Exchange for Chrift, . . 2^3 

141. To James Macadam. — The Kingdom taken by Force, . . 2>2)5 
I ^t. To William Liinngflone. — Counfel to a Youth, . . > Z^l 

143. To William Gordon of Whitepark. — Nothing loft by Trials — 

Longing for Chrift Himfelf, becaufe of His Love, . . 338 

144. To Mr George Gillefpie^ Minifier of Kirkcaldy. — Sufpicions of 

Chrift's Love Removed — Three Defires, .... 340 

145. To Jean Gordon. — God the Satisfying Portion — Adherence to 

Chrift, 342 

146. To Mr James Bruce, Minifier of the Gofpel. — Misjudging of 

Chrift's Ways, ........ 343 

147. To John Gordon, at Rufco. — Prefling into Heaven — To be a 

Chriftian no Eafy Attainment — Sins to be Avoided, . . 344 

148. To Lady Hallhill.—Chnit's Crofles better than Egypt's 

Treafures, ......... 346 

149. To John OJburn, Pro'vofl of Ayr. — Adherence to Chrift — His 

Approbation worth all Worlds, . . . . .348 

150. To John Henderfon, in Rufco. — Continuing in Chrift — Prepared- 

nefs for Death, ........ 349 

151. To John Meine, Senior. — Enjoyment of God's Love — Need of 

Help — Bm-dens, ........ 350 

152. To Mr Thomas Garven. — A Prifoner's Joys — Love of Chrift — 

The Good Part — Heaven in Sight, 352 

153. To Bethaia Aird. — Unbelief under Trials — Chrift's Sympathy, 354 

154. To Alexander Gordon of Knockgray. — Profpedive Trials, . 356 

155. To Grizzel Fullerton, daughter of Marion M^ Naught. — The 

One Thing Needful — Chrift's Love, . . . -35 7 

156. To Patrick Carfen.— Early Devotednefs to Chrift, . . • 3j8 

157. To the Laird of Carleton. — Increafmg Senfe of Chrift's Love — 

Refignation — Deadnefs to Earth — Temptations — ^Infirmities, 359 



158. To Laciy Bu/bie.—ChnR all Worthy— Beft at our Loweft— Sin- 

fulnefs of the Land — Prayers, . . . . .362 

159. To John Fleming^ Bailie of Leith. — Directions for Chriftian Con- 

du(ft, . . . . . . . . .364 

160. To Alexander Gordon of Earlflon. — Hungering after Chrift 

Himfelf rather than His Love, . . . . .368 

161. To John Stuart, ProToJl of Ayr. — Commercial Misfortunes — 

Service-Book — Bleflednefs of Trials, . . . .371 

162. To John Stuart, Prcvojl of Ayr. — The Burden of a Silenced 

Minifter — Spiritual Shortcomings, . . . . '376 

163. To John Stuart, Pronjofl of Ayr. — View of Trials paft — Hard 

Thoughts of Chrift — Crofles — Hope, . . . .378 

164. To Ninian Mure, one of the family of CaJJincarrie. — A Youth 

Admonifhed, . . . . . . . ' Z^2> 

165. To Mr Thomas Gar'ven. — Perfonal Infufficiency — Grace from 

Chrift alone — Longings after Him, . . . .384 

166. To Cardonefs, the Elder. — A Good Confcience — Chrift kind to 

Sufferers — Refponfibility — Youth, . . . . .387 

167. To Lady Boyd. — Leffons learned in the School of Adverfity, . 390 
16%. To Mr Da'vid Dickfon. — Chrift's Infinite Fulnefs, . . . 393 

169. To the Laird of Carleton. — God's ^Vorking Incomprehenfible — • 

Longing after any Drop of Chrift's Fulnefs, . . . 395 

170. To Robert Gordon of Knockbrex. — Longing for Chrift's Glory 

— Felt Guiltinefs — Longing for Chrift's Love — Sandtifica- 

tion, 398 

171. To the Laird of Moncrieff. — Concert in Prayer — Stedfaftnefs to 

Chrift — Grief mifreprefents Chrift's Glory, . . . 400 

172. To John Clark. — Marks of Difference betwixt Chriftians and 

Reprobates, ........ 404 

173. To Cardonefs, the Younger. — Warning and Advice as to Things 

of Salvation, ........ 405 

174. To Lord Craighall. — Idolatry Condemned, .... 407 

175. To John Laurie. — Chrift's Love — A Right Eftimate of Him — 

His Grace, . . . . . . . .411 

176. To the Laird of Carleton. — A Chriftian's Confeffion of Un- 

worthinefs — Defire for Chrift's Honour. — Prefent Circum- 
ftances, ......... 414 

177. To Marion M^ Naught. — Chrift Suffering in His Church — His 

Coming — Outpourings of Love from Him, . . . 418 

178. To Lady C«/ro/}.— Chrift's Management of Trials— What Faith 

can do — Chrift not Experience — Prayers, . . . 421 



179. To Mr John Nevay. — Chrift's Love Sharpened in Suffering — 

Kneeling at the Communion — Pofture at Ordinances, 

180. To Jobn Gordon of Cardonefs^ the Elder, — Longings for thofe 

under his former Miniftry — Delight in Chrift and His Ap- 
pearing — Pleading with his Flock, ..... 

181. To Earljlon, the Tounger. — Dangers of Youth — Chrift the beft 

Phyfician — Four Remedies againft Doubting — Breathing after 
Chrift's Honour, ........ 

182. To Alexander Gordon of Knockgray. — Joy in God — Trials work 

out Glory to Chrift, ....... 

183. To Mr J R .—Chrift the Purifier of His Church— 

SubmifTion to His Ways, ...... 

184. To Mr William Dalglei/h, Minifler of the Gofpel.—ThQ Fra- 

grance of the Miniftry — A Review of his Paft and Prefent 
Situation, and of his Profpedls, ..... 

185. To Marion M^ Naught. — Longing to be Reftored to his Charge, 

186. To Robert Stuart. — Chrift choofes His own in the Furnace — 

Need of a Deep Work — The God-Man, a World's Wonder, 

187. To Lady Gaitgirth. — Chrift Unchangeable, though not always 

Enjoyed — His Love never yet fully Poured Out — Himfelf 
His People's Cautioner, ...... 

188. To Mr John Fergujhill of Ochiltree. — Defponding Views of his 

own SUte — Minifterial Diligence — Chrift's Worth — Self- 
feeking, ......... 









45 8 








■ ■ /^^^J^^^^^^^^ 


■V T -''* 










HEREVER the palm-tree is, there is water," fays the 
Eaflern proverb ; and fo, wherever the godly flourifh, 
there, we are fure, muft the Word of God be found. 
In the hiftory of the Reformation we read of Brother Martin, a poor 
monk at Bade, whofe hope of falvation refled folely on the Lord 
Jefus, long before Luther founded the filver trumpet that fummoned 
fm-convinced fouls to the One Sacrifice. Having written out his 
confeffion of faith, his ftatement of reliance on the righteoufnefs of 
Chrift alone, the monk placed the parchment in a wooden box, and 
fhut up the wooden box in a hole of the wall of his cell. It was 
not till lafl century that this box, with its interefting contents, was 
difcovered : it was brought to light only when the old wall of the 
monaflery was taken down. The palm-tree fpeaks of the exigence 
of water at its root ; the pure Word of God taught this man his 
fimple faith. And herein we learn how it was that Bafle fo early 
became a peculiar centre of light in that region : the prayer and the 
faith of that hidden one, and others like-minded, and the Word on 
which they fed, may explain it all. 

VOL. I. A 


There is a faft not unlike the above in the hiftory of the diftrift 
where Samuel Rutherford laboured fo lovingly. The people of 
that fhire tell that there was found, fome generations ago, in the 
wall of the old caftle of Earlfton, in the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright, 
a copy of JVickliffe's Bible. It feems to have been depofited in that re- 
ceptacle in order to be hid from the view of enemies ; but from time 
to time it was the lamp of light to a few fouls, who, perhaps in the 
fdence of night, found opportunity to draw it out of its ark, and perufe 
its pages. It feems that the Lollards of Kyle (the adjoining diftrift ) 
had brought it to Earlflon. We know that there were friends and 
members of the family of Earlfton who embraced the Gofpel even 
in thofe days. In the fixteenth century, fome of the anceftors of 
Vifcount Kenmure are found holding the doctrines of WicklifFe, 
which had been handed down to them. May we not believe that 
the Gordons of Earlfton, in after days, were not a little indebted 
to the faith and prayers of thefe ancient witnefTes who hid the 
facred treafure in the caftle wall ? As in the cafe of the monk of 
BaQe, their faith and patience were acknowledged in after days by 
the bleffing fent down on that quarter, when the Lord, in remem- 
brance of His hidden ones, both raifed up the Gordons of Earlfton, 
with many others of a like fpirit, and alfo fent thither His fervant 
Samuel Rutherford, to found forth the word of life, and make the 
lamp of truth blaze, like a torch, over all that region. 

Samuel Rutherford was born about the year 1600. His 
father is underftood to have been a refpe6lable farmer. He had 
two brothers, James and George. But the place of his birth was 
not near the fcene of his after labours. It is almoft certain that 
Nifbet, a village of Roxburghfhire, clofe to the Teviot, in the 
parifti of Crailing, was his birth-place ; and not long ago, there 
were fome old people in that parifh who remembered the gable- 
end of the houfe in which he was born, and which, from refpeft 
to his memory, was permitted to ftand as long as it could keep to- 
gether. Some one may yet light upon the well where, when very 
young, Samuel nearly loft his life. He had been amufmg himfelf 
with fome companions, when he fell in, and was left there till they 


ran and procured affiftance ; but on returning to the fpot, they 
found him feated on a knoll, cold and dripping, yet uninjured. He 
told them that " A bonnie white man came and drew him out of 
the well ! " Whether or not he really fancied that an angel had 
delivered him, we cannot tell ; but it is plain that, at all events, his 
boyifh thoughts were already wandering in the region of the fky. 

He owed little to his native place. There was not fo much of 
Chrift known in that parifh then as there is now ; for in after days 
he writes, " My foul's defire is, that the place to which I owe my firft 
birth; — in which, I fear, Chrift was fcarcely named, as touching any 
reality of the power of godlinefs -, — may bloflbm as the rofe." * We 
have no account of his revifiting thefe fcenes of his early life, though 
he thus wrote to his friend, Mr Scott, minifter of the adjoining 
parifh of Oxnam. Like Donald Cargill, born in Perthfhire, yet 
never known to preach there even once, Rutherford had his labours 
in other parts of the land, diftant from his native place. In this 
arrangement we fee the Mafter's fovereignty. The Iphere is evi- 
dently one of God's choofmg for the man, inftead of being the re- 
fult of the man's gratifying his natural predile6lions. It accords, too, 
with the Mafter's own example ; He having never returned to Beth- 
lehem, where He was born, to do any of His works. 

Jedburgh is a town three or four miles diftant from Nifbet, 
and thither Samuel went for his education ; either walking to it 
and returning home at evening, — as a fchool-boy would fcarcely 
grudge to do, — or refiding in the town for a feafon. The fchool 
at that time met in a part of the ancient abbey, called, from this 
circumftance, the Latiners' Alley. In the year 1617 we find him 
farther from home, — removed to Edinburgh, which, forty years 
before, had become the feat of a College, though not as yet a Uni- 
verfity. There he obtained, in 1 62 1, the degree of Mafter of Arts. 
Soon after, he was appointed Regent, or Profeflbr, of Humanity, 
though there were three other competitors ; for his talents had 
attra6ted the notice of many. But, on occafion of a rumour that 

* Let. 334. 


charged him with fome irregularity, — whether with or without 
foundation, it is now difficult to afcertain, — he demitted his office in 
1625, and led a private life, attending prelections on theology, and 
devoting himfelf to that ftudy. 

That there could not have been anything very ferious in the 
rumour, may be inferred from the fa(5l that no church court took 
any notice of the matter, though thefe were days when the reins 
of difcipline were not held with a flack hand. But it is not unlikely 
that this may have been the time of which he fays in a letter, " I 
knew a man who wondered to fee any in this life laugh or sport."* 
It may have been then that he was led by the Spirit to know the 
things that are freely given us of God.f We have no proof that 
he was converted at an earlier period, but rather the oppofite. He 
writes, " Like a fool as I was, I fuffered my fun to be high in the 
heaven, and near afternoon, before ever I took the gate by the 
end.":]: And again, " I had fl:ood fure, if in my youth I had bor- 
rowed Chrift for my bottom." § The clouds returned after the rain ; 
family trials, and other fimilar dealings of Providence, combined to 
form his character as a man of God and as a paftor. 

In 1627 he was fettled at Anwoth, || a parifh fituated in the Stew- 
artry of Kirkcudbright, on the river Fleet, near the Solway. The 
church ftood in a wide hollow, or valley, at the foot of the Boreland 
Hill. Embofomed in wood, with neither the fmoke nor the noife of 
a village near, it mufl: always have been a romantic fpot, the very 
ideal of a country church, fet down to cherifh rural godlinefs. 
Though at this period Epifcopacy had been obtruded upon Scot- 
land, and many faithful minifters were fuffering on account of their 
refifl:ance to its ceremonies and fervices, yet he appears to have been 
allowed to enter on his charge without any compliance being de- 
manded, and ** without giving any engagement to the bifhop." He 
began his miniftry with the text, John ix. 39. The fame Lord 

* Let. 224. t I Cor. ii. 12. % Let. 177. § Let. 241. 

II See notice of the topography at Let. 199. It is a mile and a half from 
the modem Gatehoufe of Fleet, a clean, Englifh-looking village. 


that would not let Paul and Timothy preach in Afia,* nor in 
Bithynia, and yet fent to the one region the beloved John,f and to 
the other the fcarcely lefs beloved Peter,:j: in this inftance prevented 
John Livingftone going to Anwoth, which the patron had defigned, 
and lent Rutherford inflead. This was the more remarkable, be- 
caufe Livingftone was fent to Ancrum, the parilh that borders on 
Nifbet, while he who was by birth related to that place was de- 
fpatched to another fpot. This is the Lord's doing. Minifters 
must not choofe according to the flefh. 

During the firil years of his labours here, the sore illnefs of his 
wife was a bitter grief to him. Her diflrefs was very fevere. He 
writes of it : " She is fore tormented night and day .-♦-My life is 
bitter unto me. — She fleeps none, and cries as a woman travailing 
in birth ; my life was never fo wearifome." § She continued in 
this ftate for no lefs than a year and a month, ere fhe died. Be- 
fides all this, his two children had been taken from him. Such 
was the difcipline by which he was trained for the duties of a 
paftor, and by which a fhepherd's heart of true fympathy was 
imparted to him. 

The parifh of Anwoth had no large village near the church. The 
people were fcattered over a hilly diftri6t, and were quite a rural 
flock. But their fhepherd knew that the Chief Shepherd counted 
them worth caring for ; he was not one who thought that his 
learning and talents would be ill fpent if laid out in feeking to 
fave fouls, obfcure and unknown. See him fetting out to vifit ! 
He has juft laid afide one of his learned folios, to go forth among 
his flock. See him pafling along yonder field, and climbing that 
hill on his way to fome cottage, his "quick eyes" occafionally 
glancing on the objects around, but his " face upward " for the 
mofl: part, as if he were gazing into heaven. He has time to vifit, 
for he rifes at three in the morning ; and at that early hour meets 
his God in prayer and meditation, and has fpace for ftudy befides. 
He takes occafional days for catechifmg. He never fails to be 

* Acts xvi. 6, 7. tRev. i. II. J i Pet. i. i. § Let. 18. 


found at the fick-beds of his people. Men faid of him, "He is 
alivays praying, alivays preaching, alivays vifiting the fick, alivays 
catechifing, akvays writing and ftudying." He was known to fall 
alleep at night talking of Chrill:, and even to fpeak of Him 
during his fleep. Indeed, himfelf fpeaks of his dreams being 
of Chrift .* 

His preaching could not but arreif attention. Though his elo- 
cution was not good, and his voice rather fhrill, he was, neverthe- 
lefs, " one of the moft moving and affectionate preachers in his 
time, or perhaps in any age of the Church." f Efpecially when he 
came to dwell upon the fubjedf he fo delighted in, Jefus Chrift, 
his manner grew fo animated that it feemed as if he would have 
flown out of the pulpit. An Englifh merchant faid of him, even in 
days when controverfy had forely vexed him and diftrafted his 
fpirit, " I went to St Andrews, where I heard a fweet, majeflic- 
looking man (R. Blair), and he fhowed me the majefty of God. 
After him I heard a little, fair man (Rutherford), and he fhowed 
me the lovelinefs of Chrijl.'' \ 

Anwoth was dear to him rather as the fphere appointed him 
by his Mafter, than becaufe of the fruit he faw of his labours. 
Two years after being fettled there, he writes, "I fee exceedingly 
fmall fruit of my miniftry. I would be glad of one foul, to be a 
crown of joy and rejoicing in the day of Chrift." His people were 
"like hot iron, which cooleth when out of the fire." Still he 
laboured in hope, and laboured often almoft beyond his flrength. 
Once he fays, " I have a grieved heart daily in my calling." He 
fpeaks of his pained breaft, at another time, on the evening of the 
Lord's day, when his work was done.§ But he had feafons of 
refrefhing to his own foul at leafl ; efpecially when the Lord's 
Supper was difpenfed. Of thefe feafons he frequently fpeaks. He 
afks his friend, Marion" M'Naught, to help with her prayers on 
fuch an occafion, " that being one of the days wherein Chrifl was 

* Let. 286. t Wodrow's Church Hifl. i. 205. 

X >rCrie's Sketches. § Let. 185. 


wont to make merry with His friends."* It was then that with 
i'pecial earneftnefs he belbught the Father to diftribute "the great 
Loaf, Chrifl, to the children of His family." 

Anwoth church was filled, but not altogether by pariihioners.f 
Many came from great diftances ; among others, feveral that were 
converted, feventeen years before, under John Welfh, at Ayr. 
Thefe all helped him by their prayers, as did alfo a goodly number 
of godly people in the parifh itfelf, who were the fruit of the 
miniftry of his predecefTor. Yet over the unfaved he yearned 
moft tenderly. At one time we hear him fay, *' I would lay my 
deareft joys in the gap between you and eternal deftruction." J At 
another, " My witnefs is in heaven, your heaven would be two 
heavens to me, and your falvation two falvations." He could 
appeal to his people, " My day-thoughts and my night-thoughts are 
of you ;" and he could appeal to God, '' O my Lord, judge if my 
miniftry be not dear to me ; but not fo dear by many degrees as 
Chrift my Lord."§ 

All clafles of people of Anwoth were objefts of his care. He 
maintained a friendly intercourfe with people of high rank, and 
very many of his Letters are addrefled to such perfons. He feems 
to have been remarkably bleffed to the gentry in the neighbour- 
hood — more far than to the common people. There was at that 
time fome friend of Chrift to be found in almoft every gentleman's 
feat many miles round Anwoth. 

* Let. 14. 

t The oak pulpit out of which he preached was preferved till a few years 
ago. The old church (60 feet by 18) is in the fhape of a bam, and could 
hold only 250 fitters. The years 1631 and 1633 are carved on fome of the 
feats, — perhaps the feats of the Gordons, or other heritors. We may add, 
while fpeaking of this old edifice, where '^ the fwallows building their neft," 
feemed to the exiled pallor ^^ blefled birds," that the rufty key of that kirk- 
door is now depofited in the New College, Edinburgh, fent to the mufeum 
there as a precious relic feveral years ago by a friend, through Dr Welfh. The 
church is now rooflefs, its walls overgrown with ivy, in which the fparrows 
build their nefts at will. 

X Let. 217. § Let. 217. 


But the herd boys were not beneath his fpecial attention. He 
writes of them when at Aberdeen, and exclaims, " Oh if I might 
but fpeak to thee, or your herd boys, of my worthy Mafter."* 
He had a heart for the young of all clafTes, fo that he would fay of 
two children of one of his friends, *' I pray for them by name ;"f 
and could thus take time to notice one, " Your daughter defires a 
Bible and a gown. I hope fhe fhall ufe the Bible well, which, if 
fhe do, the gown is the better bellowed." He lamented over the 
few that cry "Hofanna" in their youth. " Chrift is an imhioivn 
Chrift to young ones -, and therefore they feek Him not, becaufe they 
know Him not." 

He dealt with individual parijhioners fo clofely and fo perfonally 
as to be able to appeal to them regarding his faithfulnefs in this 
matter. He addreffes one of them, Jean McMillan : "I did what 
I could to put you within grips of Chrift ; I told you Chrifl's tefta- 
ment and latter- will plainly." J He fo carried them on his heart 
(like the priefl with the twelve tribes on his breaftplate), that he 
could declare to Gordon of Cardonefs, " Thoughts of your foul 
depart not from me in my fleep." § ** My foul was taken up when 
others were fleeping, how to have Chrift betrothed with a bride in 
that part of the land," viz. Anwoth. |1 He fo prayed over them 
and for them, that he fears not to fay, " There I wreflled with the 
angel and prevailed. Woods, trees, meadows, and hills, are my 
witnefles that I drew on a fair match betwixt Chrift and Anwoth." f 
It is related that, on firft coming to the parifh, there was a piece of 
ground on Moflrobin farm, in the hollow of a hill, where on 
Sabbath afternoon the people ufed to play at foot-ball. On one 
occafion he repaired to that fpot, and pointed out their fm, folemnly 
calling on the objects round to be witnefTes againfl them, efpecially 
three large flones** jutting out from the face of the hill, two of 
which flill remain, and are called " Rutherford^ s Witfiejfes" though 
the third was wantonly diflodged fome years ago. This is the fpot 

* Let. 163. t Let. 14. X Let. 132. § Let. 180. 

II Let 186. t Let. 277. ** Jofh. xxiv. 27. 


which is Ipecially taken notice of by Dr Chalmers, in recording a 
vifit to Anwoth and its neighbourhood (Life, vol. iii. 130) : — 

*' Wednefday, Auguft 23, 1826. — Started at five o'clock; ordered the gig 
forvvai'd on the public road, to meet us after a fcramble of about two miles 
among the hills, in the line of Rutherford's Memorials. Went firft to his 
church ; the identical fabric he preached in, and which is ft ill preached in.* 
The floor is a caufeway. There are dates of 1628 f and 1633 on fome old 
carved feats. The pulpit is the fame, and I fat in it. It is fmaller than Kil- 
many, and very rude and fimple. The church-bell is faid to have been given 
him by Lady Kenmure, one of his correfpondents in his Letters. It is An- 
gularly fmall for a church, having been the Kenmure houfe-bell. We then 
paffed to the new church that is building ; but I am happy to fay the old 
fabric and Rutherford's pulpit are to be fpared. It is a cruel circumftance 
that they pulled dovra (and that only three weeks ago) his dwelling-houfe, 
his old manfe ,- which has not been ufed as a manfe for a long time, but was 
recently occupied. It fhould have been fpared. Some of the mafons who 
were ordered to pull it down refufed it, as they would an act of facrilege, and 
have been difmifled from their employment. We went and mourned over the 
nibbifh of the foundation. Then afcended a bank, ft ill known by the name of 
Rutherford's JValk.X Then went farther among the hills, to Rutherford's JVit- 
nejjesy — fo many ftones which he called to witnefs againft fome of his pa- 
rijfhioners who were amufing themfelves at the place with fome game on the 
Sunday, and whom he meant to reprove. The whole fcene of our morning's 
walk was wild, and primitive, and interefting." 

Once, while in Anwoth, his labours were interrupted by a ter- 
tian fever which laid him afide for thirteen weeks. Even when 
well recovered, he could for a long time only preach on the Sab- 
baths : vifiting and catechifmg were at a ftand. This was juft 
before his wife's death in 1 630, and he writes in the midft of it, 
" Welcome, welcome, crofs of Chrift, if Chrift be with it." " An 
afflicted life looks very like the way that leads to the kingdom." 
And fome years thereafter, when his mother (who came from Niibet, 
and refided with him fix years after his firfl wife's death) was in a 
dangerous illnefs, he touchingly informs one of his correfpondents, 
to whom he writes from Anwoth, " My mother is weak, and I 

* It has not been preached in fince the year 1827. 

t A miftake for 163 1. 

X It was a walk among trees, clofe to the manfe. 


think fliall leave me alone ; but I am not alone, becaufe Chrift's 
Father is with me."* 

And what was his recreation ? The manfe of Anwoth had 
many vifits of kind friends, who, in Rutherford's fellowfhip, felt that 
faying verified, "They that dwell under his fhadow fhall return ; 
they fhall revive as the corn."-|- The righteous compafled him 
about, becaufe the Lord had dealt bountifully with him. His 
Letters would be enough of themfelves to fhow that his friendihip 
and counfel were fought by the godly on all fides. One of his 
vifitors was his own brother, George, at Kirkcudbright. This good 
man was a teacher in that town, who often repaired to Anwoth to 
take fweet counfel with Samuel ; and then together, they talked of 
and prayed for their only other brother James, an officer in the 
Dutch fervice, who had fympathy with their views, and, in after 
days, conveyed to Samuel the invitation to become Profeffor at 
Utrecht. Vifits of thofe friends who refided near were not unfre- 
quent, fuch as the Gordons, Vifcount Kenmure and his lady, and 
Marion M'Naught. But at times Anwoth manfe was lighted up 
by the glad vifit of unexpected guefts. There is a tradition that 
Archbifhop Ufher, pafTing through Galloway, turned afide on a 
Saturday to enjoy the congenial fociety of Rutherford. He came, 
however, in difguife ; and being welcomed as a gueft, took his 
place with the refl of the family when they were catechifed, as was 
ufual, that evening. The flranger was afked, " How many com- 
mandments are there ? " His reply was " Eleve?i" The paflor 
corrected him ; but the flranger maintained his pofition, quoting 
our Lord's words, *' A new commandment I give unto you, that ye 
love one another" They retired to refl, all interefted in the flranger. 
Sabbath morning dawned. Rutherford arofe, and repaired, as was 
his cuffom, for meditation to a walk that bordered on a thicket,! 
but was ffartled by hearing the voice of prayer, — prayer too from 

* Let. 49. t Hos. xiv. 7. 

% The place is ftill pointed out by tradition, as *' Rutherford's Walk." 
It was clofe to the old manfe, which was pulled down many years ago. It 


the heart, and in behalf of the fouls of the people that day to 
affemble. It was no other than the holy Archbiihop Ufher ; and 
foon they came to an explanation, for Rutherford had begun to 
fufpect he had " entertained angels unawares." With great mutual 
love they converfed together ; and at the requeft of Rutherford, the 
Archbifhop went up to the pulpit, conducSled the ufual fervice of the 
Prefbyterian paftor, and preached on " the New Commandment." 

Scarcely lefs interefting is the record of another unlooked-for 
meeting. Rutherford had one day left home to go to the neighbouring 
town of Kirkcudbright, the next day being a day of humiliation in 
that place. Having no doubt fpent Ibme time with his like-minded 
brother, he turned his fteps to the houfe of another friend, Provoft 
FuUerton, whofe wife was Marion M'Naught. While fitting with 
them in friendly converfe, a knock at the door was heard, and then 
a flep on the threfhold. It was worthy Mr Blair, who, on his 
way from London to Port Patrick, had fought out fome of his 
godly friends, that with them he might be refrefhed ere he returned 
to Ireland. He told them, when feated, that '* he had a defire to 
vifit both Mr Rutherford at Anwoth, and Marion M'Naught at 
Kirkcudbright -, but not knowing how to accomplifh both, had 
prayed for direftion at the parting of the road, and laid the bridle on 
the horfe's neck. The horfe took the way to Kirkcudbright, and 
there he found both the friends he fo longed to fee." It was a 
joyful and refrefhing meeting on all fides. Wodrow tells* another 
incident that, in part, bears fome refemblance to this. Rutherford 
had been reafoning at Stirling with the Marquis of Argyle, and had 
let out homeward. But his horfe was very troublefome, and he was 
feeling in his mind that he fhould have been more urgent and plain ! 
He returned, and dealt freely this time. And now his horfe went 
on pleafantly all the way. 

ftood about a quarter of a mile from the church, and bore the name, ^^ Bmhy 
BieU," or Bujb o Bield^ i.e.^ the bufh of fhelter. A Iketch of it, as it was, is 
given in Murray's Life of Rutherford. 
* Analecia^ vol. ii., p. i6i. 


In 1634 ^^ attended the remarkable death-bed of Lord Ken- 
mure, a narrative of which he publiihed fifteen years after, in " The 
Last and Heavenly Speeches and Glorious Departure of John 
Vifcount Kenmure." The inroads of Epifcopacy were at this time 
threatening to difquiet Anwoth. His own domeftic affliftions were 
flill affecting him ; for he writes that fame year, in referring to his 
wife's death many years before, *' which wound is not yet fully 
healed and cured." About that time, too, there was a propofal 
(never carried into effect) to call him to Cramond, near Edinburgh,* 
and another to get him settled at IGrkcudbright. 

Meanwhile he perfevered in fludy as well as in labours, and 
with no common fuccefs. He had a metaphyseal turn, as well as 
great readinefs in ufmg the accumulated learning of other days. It 
might be inftru6five to inquire why it is that wherever godlinefs is 
healthy and progrefTive, we almofl invariably find learning in the 
Church of Chrifl attendant on it ; while, on the other hand, negleft 
of fludy is attended fooner or later by decay of vital godlinefs. 
Not that all are learned in fuch times ; but there is always an 
element of the kind in the circle of thofe whom the Lord is ufmg. 
The energy called forth by the knowledge of God in the foul leads 
on to the ftudy of whatever is likely to be ufeful in the defence or 
propagation of the truth ; whereas, on the other hand, when decay 
is at work and lifeleffnefs prevailing, floth and eafe creep in, and 
theological learning is flighted as uninterefting and dry. With 
Samuel Rutherford and his contemporaries we find learning fide by 
fide with vital, and fingularly deep, godlinefs. GUlefpie, Hender- 
fon, Blair, Dickfon, and others, are well-known examples. Nor 
lefs diftinguiflied was Rutherford, who was led by circumflances 
in 1636 to publifh his elaborate defence of grace againft the 
Arminians, in Latin. Its title is, " Exercitationes de Gratia." So 
highly was it efleemed at Amfterdam, where it was publifhed, that a 
fecond edition was printed that very year ; and repeated invitations 

* Let. 43. His friend and neighbour Mr Dalgleifh, minifter of Kirkdale 
and Kirkmabreck, was tranflated to Cramond in 1639. 


were addrefled foon after to the author to come to Holland, and 
occupy one or other of their Divinity chairs. Soon after, the con- 
teft for Chrijl's kingly office became increafmgly earneft and keen. 
To Rutherford it appeared no fmall matter. " I could wifh many 
pounds added to my crofs to know that by my fuffering Chrift was 
fet forward in His kingly office in this land."* July 27, 1636, was 
a day that put his principles to the teft. He was called before the 
High Commiffion Court, becaufe of non-conformity to the a6ls of 
Epifcopacy, and becaufe of his work againft the Arminians. The 
Court was prefided over by SydferfF, Bifhop of Galloway, and was 
held at Wigton, about ten miles from Anwoth, acrofs the Bay. He 
appeared in perfon there, and defended himfelf. The ifTue could 
not be doubtful, though Lord Lorn made every exertion in his be- 
half. He was deprived of his minifterial office, which he had 
exercifed at Anwoth for a period of nine years, and banifhed to 
Aberdeen. The next day (writing at evening on the fubject), he 
tells of his fentence, and calls it, " The honour that I have prayed 
for thefe fixteen years." He made up his mind to leave Anwoth 
at once, obferving, with a submiffivenefs which we might wonder 
at in the author of Lex Rex, " I purpofe to obey the king, who 
has power over my body." His only alarm was left this feparation 
from his flock might be a chaflifement on him from the Lord, " be- 
caufe I have not been fo faithful in the end as I was in the two 
firfl years of my miniftry, when fleep departed from mine eyes 
through care for Chrift's lambs." f 

On leaving Anwoth he directed his fteps by Irvine, fpending a 
night there with his beloved friend David Dickfon. What a night 
that mufl have been ! To hear thefe two in folemn converfe ! The 
one could not perhaps handle the harp fo well as the other ; for 
David Dickfon could exprefs his foul's weary longings and its con- 
foling hopes in fuch ftrains as that which has made his name 
familiar in Scotland, *' mother dear Jerufalemf but Rutherford, 
neverthelefs, had fo much of poetry and fublime enthufiafm in his 

* Let. 115. See also Let. 54. t Let. 109. 


foul, that any poet could fympathife with him to the full. Many 
of his letters " from Chri/l's palace in Aberdeen" are really flrains 
of true poetry. What elfe is fuch an efPufion as this, when, rifmg 
on eagles' wings, he exclaims, " A land that has more than four 
fummers in the year ! What a fmging life is there ! There is not a 
dumb bird in all that large field, but all fmg and breathe out heaven, 
joy, glory, dominion, to the High Prince of that new-found land. 
And verily the land is fweeter that He is the glory of that land."* 
" O how fweet to be wholly Chrift's, and wholly in Chrift; to dwell 
in Immanuel's high and blefled land, and live in that fweeteft air, 
where no wind bloweth but the breathings of the Holy Ghoft, no 
fea nor floods flow but the pure water of life that floweth from 
under the throne and from the Lamb, no planting, but the tree 
of life that yieldeth twelve manner of fruits every month ! What 
do we here but fm and fuffer ? O when fliall the night be gone, 
the fliadows flee away, and the morning of the long, long day, 
without cloud or night, dawn ? The Spirit and the bride fay, 
* Come ! ' O when fliall the Lamb's wife be ready, and the Bride- 
groom fay. Come ?"f Whoever compares fuch breathings with 
David Dickfon's hymn, will fee how congenial were their feelings 
and their hopes, and even their mode of exprefling what they felt 
and hoped, though the one ufed profe and the other tried more 
memorable verfe. 

We follow Rutherford to Aberdeen, the capital of the North, 
whither he was accompanied by a deputation of his afleflionate pa- 
rifhioners from Anwoth, in whofe company he would forget the 
length and tedioufnefs of the way. He arrived here in September 
1636. This town was at that time the fl:ronghold of Epifcopacy 
and Arminianifm, and in it the fl:ate of religion was very low. " It 
conflfl:ed of Papifl:s, and men of Gallio's naughty faith." J The 

* Let. 323. t Let. 334. 

X Let. 76. Dr James Sibbald, faid to have been a man of great learning, 
was minifter in one of the churches of New Aberdeen. Rutherford attended 
his preaching, and finding that he taught Arminianifm, teftified againft him. 


clergy and doftors took the opportunity of Rutherford's arrival to 
commence a feries of attacks on the fpecial dodlrines of grace which 
he held. But in difputation he foiled them ; and when many be- 
gan to feel drawn to him in confequence of his earneft dealings and 
private exhortations, there was a propofal made to remove him from 
the town. *' So cold," writes he, *' is northern love ! But (added 
he) Chrifl and I ivill hear it;'''* deeply feeling his union to Him 
who faid to Saul, "Why perfecuteft thou MeV' Often, on the 
ftreets,f he was pointed out as " the Banijhed Minijler ;'' and hearing 
of this, he remarked, " I am not afhamed of my garland." He had 
vifitors from Orkney, and from Caithnefs, to the great annoyance 
of his perfecutors.J Some blamed him for not being ''prudent 
enough^'' as we have feen men ready to do in fimilar cafes in our 
own day ; but he replies, " // is ordinary that that Jfjotild be part of 
the crofs of thofe ivho fnff^r for Him'' Still he enjoyed, in his foli- 
tude, occafional intercourfe with fome of the godly ones, among 
whom were Lady Pitfligo, Lady Burnet of Largs, Andrew Cant, 
and James Martin. His deepeft affliction was feparation from his 
flock at Anwoth. Nothing can exceed his tender forrow over this 
flock. § 

It was a faying of his own, " Gold may be gold, and bear the 
king's fl:amp upon it, when it is trampled upon by men." And 
this was true of himfelf. But he came out of his trial not only un- 
fcorched, but, as his many letters from Aberdeen fhow, greatly 
advanced in every grace. The Latin lines prefixed to the early edi- 
tions of thefe Letters fcarcely exaggerate when they fmg, — 

* * Quod Chebar et Patmos divinis \'atibus olim ; 
Huic fuerant fanfto clauftra Abredaea viro." 

He was, during part of two years, clofely confined to that 
town, though not in prifon ; but in 1638 public events had taken 

* Let. 117. 

t The impreflion of fome readers might be that he was in prifon. But he 
never was fo. He was in exile ; but the whole town was his prifon. He was, 
in this refpedt, hke Shimei confined to Jenifalem. 

% Let. 161. § Let. 181. 


another turn. The Lord had flirred up the fpirit of the people of 
Scotland, and the Covenant was again triumphant in the land. 
Rutherford haftened back to Anwoth. During his abfence, " For 
fix quarters of a year," fay his pariihioners, " no found of the Word 
of God was heard in our kirk." The fwallows had made their nefts 
there undifturbed for two fummers. 

His Letters do not refer to the proceedings of the Glafgow 
Affembly of 1638. It is well known, however, that he was no 
mere indifferent fpectator to what then took place, but was prefent, 
and was member of feveral committees which at that time fat on 
the affairs of the Church. Prefbytery being fully reffored by that 
Affembly, it was thought right that one fo ^fted fhould be removed 
to a more important fphere. He was fent by the Church to feveral 
diftrifts to promote the caufe of Reformation and the Covenant : 
and at length, in fpite of his reluftance, arifmg chiefly from love to 
his flock, — his rural flock at Anwoth, — he was conflrained to yield 
to the united opinion of his brethren, and removed to the Profef^ 
for's Chair in St Andrews in 1639, and made Principal of the New 
College. He bargained to be allowed to preach regularly every 
Sabbath in his new fphere ; for he could not endure fdence when 
he might fpeak a word for his Lord. He feems to have preached 
alfo, as occafion offered, in the parifhes around, efpecially at 
Scoonie, in which the village of Leven flands.* 

His hands were necefTarily filled with work in his new fphere ; 

* ^* 1 65 1, July 13. — The comm. was given at Scoonie. Mr Alex. Mon- 
criefF, m. there, did preach the Preparation Sermon, and on Monday morning 
Mr Sa. Rutherford did preach ; his text at both occafions was Luke vii. 36 
till 39 V. At this time was prefent, befides Mr Sa. Rutherford, Mr Ja. 
Guthrie, and Mr David Bennet, Mr Ephraim Melvin, and Mr William Oli- 
phant, m. in Dumfermlin. Thither did refort many flrangers, fo that the 
throng was great. Mr Ephraim, and Mr D. Bennet, both did fit within the 
pulpit while the minifter had his fermon." " 1654, Jan. 4. — Being Saturday, 
there was a Preparation Sermon for a Thankfgiving preached at Scoonie in 
Fyfe, for the continuance of the Gofpel in the land, and for the fpreading of 
it in fome places of the Highlands in Scotland, where in fome families two, and 


yet flill he relaxed nothing of his diligence in fludy. Nor did he 
lack anything of former bleffing. It was here the Englifh merchant 
heard him preach fo afFectingly on the lovelinefs of Chrift ; while 
fuch was his fuccefs as a ProfefTor, that " the Univerfity became a 
Lebanon out of which were taken cedars for building the houfe of 
God throughout the land." 

In the year 1 640, he married his fecond wife, Jean M'Math, 
"a woman," fays one, "of fuch worth, that I never knew any 
among men exceed him, nor any among women exceed her. He 
who heard either of them pray or fpeak, might have learnt to 
bemoan his own ignorance. Oh how many times I have been con- 
vinced, by obferving them, of the evil of unferioufnefs unto God, 
and unfavourinefs in difcourfe." They had feven children ; but 
only one furvived the father, a little daughter, Agnes, who does not 
feem to have been a comfort to her godly mother. 

In July 1643, the Weftminfter AfTembly began to fit ; and to it 
he was fent up as one of the CommiiTioners from the Church of 
Scotland. A fketch of a ^^ Shorter Catechifm " exifls in MS., in the 
library of the Edinburgh Univeriity, '171 Rutherford's ha?uhvrit'wg, 
very much refembling the Catechifm as it now ftands, from which 
it has been inferred that he had the principal hand in drawing it up 
for the Aflembly. He continued four years attending the fittings 
of this famous fynod, and was of much ufe in their delibera- 
tions. So prominent a part did he take, that the great Milton has 
fingled him out for attack in his lines, "■ On the new forcers of 

in fome families one, began to call on God by prayer. Mr Samuel Ruther- 
ford, m. in St Andrews, preached on Saturday; his text, Ifai. xlix. 9, 10, 11, 
12. On the Sabbath, Mr Alex. MoncriefF, m., then preached; his led:ure, 
I Thefs. i. ch. ; his text, Colofs. i. 27. In the afternoon of the Sabbath, Mr 
Samuel preached again upon his forementioned text. On Monday morning, 
Mr Samuel had a Lecture on Pfal. Ixxxviii. He did read the whole Pfalm 
Obferve, that on Saturday Mr Samuel had this expreflion in his prayer after 
fermon, defiring that the Lord would rebuke Prefbyteries and others that had 
taken the keys and the power in their hands, and keeped out, and would fuf- 
fer none to enter (meaning in the miniftry) but fuch as faid as they faid." — 
Lamoni's Diary. 



confcience, under the Long Parliament." Milton knew him only as 
an opponent of his feftarian and Independent principles, and fb 
could fcorn meafures propofed by " Mere A. S. and Rutherford." 
But had he known the foul of the man, would not even Milton 
have found a fublimity of thought and feeling in his adverfary, 
that at times approached his own lofty poefy ? How interefling, 
in any point of view, to find the devoted paftor of Anwoth, 
on the ftreets of London, croiTuig the path of England's greateft 

During his refidence in London he was tried with many afflic- 
tions. Several of his family died ; and his own health began to give 
way, fo that he and his brother minifler, Mr G. Gillefpie, vifited 
Epfom to drink the waters. Yet fuch was the amazing fpirit of 
the man, under a fenfe of duty, that amid the trials and buftle of 
that time he wrote " The Due Right of Prejhyteries,'' " Lex Rex" 
i.e. The Laiv, the Kifig^ and " Trial a?id Triumph of Faiths Nor 
was he foured by controverfy. In the preface to one of his contro- 
verfial works, he difcovers his large-hearted charity and manly im- 
partiality in regard to what he faw in thefe parts. He writes : "I 
judge that in England the Lord hath many names, and a fair 
company, that fhall ftand at the fide of Chrift when He fhall 
render up the kingdom to the Father ; and that in that renowned 
nation there be men of all ranks, wife, valorous, generous, noble, 
heroic, faithful, religious, gracious, learned."* 

Returning home to St Andrews, he refumed his labours both 
in the college and in the pulpit with all his former zeal. He de- 
clined two invitations to the profefTorfhip in Holland ; one from 
Harderwyck in 1 648, the other from Utrecht in 1 65 1 ; though 
the former offered the chair both of Divinity and of Hebrew. He 
joined the Proteflers in determinedly oppofmg the proceedings of 
the Commiffion of Aflembly, who had cenfured fuch as protefled 
againfl the admiiTion to power of perfons in the clafs of malignants. 
His friend David Dickfon keenly oppofed him, and Mr Blair alfb, 

* Preface to SuiTey of the Spiritual Antichrift. 


though lefs violently.* It was this controverfy that made John 
Livingftone fay, in a letter to Blair, " Your and Mr D. Dickfon's 
acceflion to thefe refolutions is the faddeft thing I have feen in my 
time. My wife and I have had more bitternefs in this refpeft, thefe 
feveral months, than ever we had fince we knew what bitternefs 
meant." Rutherford wrote too violently on this matter. Some 
fay he was naturally hot and fiery ; but at this time all parties were 
greatly excited. Still he did not lofe his brotherly love, — the fame 
brotherly love that led him fo fervently to embrace Archbifhop 
Ufher as a fellow-believer. We may get a leffon for our times 
from his remarks on occafion of thefe bitter controverfies. " It is 
hard when faints rejoice in the fufFerings of faints, and redeemed 
ones hurt, and go nigh to hate, redeemed ones. For contempt of 
the communion of faints, we have need of new-born croffes, fcarce 
ever heard of before. — Our flar-light hideth us from ourfelves, and 
hideth us from one another, and Chrift from us all." And then he 
fubjoins (and is he not borne out by the words of the Lord in John 
xvii. 22 ?) : "A doubt it is if we fhall have fully one heart till we 
fhall enjoy one heaven." The ftate of things lay heavy on his mind : 
" I am broken and wafted by the wrath that is upon this land." 

It was in 1 65 1 that he publiftied his work " De Divitid Provi- 
dentia," a work in which he affailed Jefuits, Socinians, and Arminians. 
Richard Baxter (tinged as he was with the Arminian theology), in 
referring to this treatife, remarked (fays Wodrow), that " His Let- 
ters were the befl piece, and this work the worfl:, he had ever read." 
Of courfe, this was the language of controverfy, for the book is one 
of great ability. It was this work, indeed, that drew forth feveral 
invitations from foreign Univerfities. The ten years that followed 
were times of much diflraftion, being the times of Cromwell and 
the Commonwealth, as well as of the Protefters and Refolutioners. 

* When the Lord's Supper was to be difpenfed, Blair in vain ufed every 
argument to induce Rutherford to take part with himfelf and Mr Wood in 
ferving tables ; and being forced to do it alone, began thus: ** We muft have 
water in our wine while here. O to be above, where there will be no miftakes ! " 
— (Wodrow's Anol.) 


One incident, however, in 1 65 1, is worthy of notice. " In that year 
the Scottifh nation refolved to crown Charles II., as lawful king, at 
Scone ; and when the young king was at St Andrews, in profpect 
of that event, he vifited the colleges. It fell to Rutherford to deliver, 
on that occafion, an oration in Latin before His Majefly, on a fub- 
jeft which he could handle well, both as a patriot and a Chriftian, 
'' The Duty of Kingsr 
Milton fings, — 

^^ God doth not need 

Either man's work, or His ovai gifts ; His ftate 
Is kingly; thoufands at His bidding fpeed, 
And poft o'er land and ocean without reft : 
They alfo fer've ^juho only Jl and and 'wait.'' 

The days were evil, and Rutherford was longing now for fuch 
quiet fervice. He fometimes refers to this defire ; he wifhes for a 
harbour in his latter days; only (adds he), " failing is ferving" — 
and he did delight in ferving his Lord to the laft. His friend 
M'Ward, in an advertifement prefixed to the earlier editions of 
the "Letters," bitterly laments the lofs of a Commentary on Ifaiah, 
on which '* this true Zechariah, who had underftanding in the 
vifions of God,"* employed his leifure time during the clofmg years 
of his life.f " His heart travailed more," fays he, *' in birth of 
this piece than ever I knew him of any ; neither was there ever any- 
thing he put his hand to that would have fo powerfully perfuaded 
this panter after the enjoyment of his Mafter's company, to have 
had his heaven and the immediate fruition of God fufpended for a 
feafon, as the eager defire he had to finifh this work before he finifhed 
his courfe." But all thefe papers were carried off, and never re- 
covered. So true is it, that of the feed we fow, we " know not 
whether ihall profper, either this or that" (Eccles. xi. 6). 

When Charles II. was fully reflored, and had begun to adopt 
arbitrary meafures, Rutherford's work, " Lex Rex," was taken 

* 2 Chron. xxvi. 5. 

t He planned a Commentar}- on Hofea in 1637, but the defign was not 
executed. Reference is made to this in Let. no. 


notice of by the Government ; for, reafonable as are its principles in 
defence of the liberty of fubje6ls, its fpirit of freedom was intoler- 
able to rulers, who were, ftep by flep, advancing to afts of cruelty 
and death. Indeed, it was lb hateful to them, that they burnt it, in 
1 66 1, firft at Edinburgh, by the hands of the hangman ; and then, 
Ibme days after, by the hands of the infamous Sharpe, under the 
windows of its author's College in St Andrews. He was next de- 
pofed from all his offices -, and, laft of all, was fummoned to anfwer 
at next Parliament a charge of high treafon. But the citation 
came too late. He was already on his death-bed, and on hearing 
of it, calmly remarked, that he had got another fummons before a 
fuperior Judge and judicatory, and fent the meffage, " I behove to 
anfwer my firft fummons ; and ere your day arrive, I will be where 
few kings and great folks come." 

We have no account of the nature of his laft ficknefs, except 
that it was a difeafe that left him lingering fome time. All that is 
told us of his death-bed is charadferiftic of the man. At one time 
he fpoke much of the white ftone and the new name. Some days 
before his death, after a fainting fit, he faid, " Now I feel, I be- 
lieve, I enjoy, I rejoice." And turning to Mr Blair, " I feed on 
manna : I have angels' food. My eyes fhall fee my Redeemer. I 
know that He fhall ftand on earth at the latter day, and I fhall be 
caught up in the clouds to meet Him in the air."* When afked, 
" What think ye now of Chrift ? " he replied, " I fhall live and adore 
Him. Glory, glory to my Creator and Redeemer for ever. Glory 
Ihineth in Immanuel's land." The fame afternoon he faid, " I fhall 
lleep in Chrift ; and when I awake, I fhall be fatisfied with His' 
likenefs. O for arms to embrace Him ! " Then he cried aloud, 
'' O for a well-tuned harp !" This lafl expreffion he ufed more than 
once, as if already flretching out his hand to get his golden harp, 
and join the redeemed in their new fong. He alfo faid on another 
occafion, " I hear Him faying to me, ' Come up hither.' " His little 
daughter Agnes, only eleven years of age, flood by his bed-fide ; 

* See Fleming's Fulfilling of the Scriptt 


he looked on her, and faid, " I have left her upon the Lord." Well 
might the man fav fo, who could fo fully teftifv of his portion in 
the Lord, as a goodly heritage. To four of his brethren, who 
came to fee him, he faid, "My Lord and Mafler is chief of ten 
thoufands of thoufands. None is comparable to Him, in heaven 
or in earth. Dear brethren, do all for Him. Pray for Chr'iji. 
Preach for Chr'iJ}. Do all for Chrifi ; beware of men-pleafmg. 
The Chief Shepherd will fhortly appear." He fpoke as if he knew 
the hour of his departure ; not perhaps as Paul (2 Tim. iv. 6) or 
Peter (2 Peter i. 14), yet ftill in a manner that feems to indicate 
that the Lord draws very near His fervants in that hour, and gives 
glimpfes of what He is doing. On the laff day of his life, in the 
afternoon, he faid, "This night will clofe the door, and faften my 
anchor within the veil, and I fhall go away in a fleep by five 
o'clock in the morning." And fo it was. He entered Immanuel's 
land at that very hour, and is now (as himfelf would have faid) 
" fleeping in the bofom of the Almighty," till the Lord come. 

We may add his lateft words. " There is nothing now between 
me and the Refurreftion but * This day thou fhalt be with Me in pa- 
radiie.' " He interrupted one fpeaking in praife of his painfulnefs in 
the miniflry, " I difclaim all. The port I would be in at is redemption 
and forgivenefs of fin through His blood." Two of his biographers 
record that his laft words were, " Glory, glory dwelleth in Im- 
manuel's land ! " as if he had caught a glimpfe of its mountain-tops. 
It was at St Andrews he died, on 20th March 1 66 1, and there 
he was buried. Had he lived a few weeks, his might have been the 
cruel death endured by his friend James Guthrie, whom he had en- 
couraged, by his letters, in fi:edfafi:nefs to the end. The fentence which 
the Parliament pafied, when told that he was dying, did him no dis- 
honour. When they had voted that he fhould not die in the College, 
Lord Burleigh rofe and faid, " Ye cannot vote him out of heaven." 
His death was lamented throughout the land ; and to this day 
few names are fo well known and honoured. So great was the 
reverence which fome of the godly had for this man of God, that 
they requefied to be buried where his body was laid. This was 


Thomas Halyburtoii's dying requeil. An old man in the parifh of 
Crailing (in which Nifbet, his birth-place, is fituated) remembers the 
veneration entertained for him by the great-grandfather of the pre- 
icnt Marquis of Lothian. This good Marquis ufed to lift his hat, as 
often as he pafFed the fpot where flood the cottage in which Samuel 
Rutherford was born. 

If ever there was any portrait of him, it is not now known. We 
are moft familiar with the likenefs of his foul. There is one expres- 
five line in the epitaph on his tombftone, in the churchyard of the 
Chapel of St Regulus : — 

*' What tongue, what pen, or Ikill of men, 
Can famous Rutherford commend ! 
His learning juftly raifed his fame, 
True greatnefs did adorn his name. 
He did converfe with things above, 
Acquainted -cvlth hnmamieV s loueS' 

A monument to his memory was erefted in 1842, by lubfcrip- 
tion, on the Boreland Hill, in the parifh of Anwoth. It is 60 feet 
in height, and thus, feen all around, it feems to remind the inhabi- 
tants of that region how God once vifited His people there. 

His ''Letters" have long been famous among the godly. 
The prefent edition of them has feveral things to recommend it. 
I. The letters are chronologically arranged. 2. They have bio- 
graphical notices prefixed to a large number of them. Moft of 
thefe are from the pen of the Rev. James Anderfon. The prefent 
editor has added, here and there, topographical notes that feemed 
to have fome intereft, moft of them gleaned on the fpot. The ex- 
planatory notes in the edition by the Rev. C. Thomfon, 1836, have 
often been confulted, with much advantage. 3. There are contents 
prefixed to each letter, defcribing generally what are the main fub- 
je6fs of each. 4. There are feme tieiv letters hiferted ifi this colleBion ; 
and there is a fac-fimile of an unpuhliJJied letter direBed to the Provojl of 
Edinburgh, at the time when there was an attempt made to call 
Rutherford to that city. The letter, which is preferved in the 


Records of the Edinburgh Town Council, entreats them to drop the 
matter. It is written in a very fmall hand, as was ufual with him ; 
and the feal on it has the armorial bearing of the Rutherford family. 

If it be afked how it came about that thefe letters fhould have 
been at firfl printed in an order entirely unchronological, the ex- 
planation is fimple : The firft edition appeared in 1 664, and in it 
there were only two hundred and eighty-four of his letters gathered 
and publifhed ; but many being edified thereby, an edition foon 
appeared with fixty-eight more letters appended. All thefe feem 
to have been printed very much in the order in which they came 
to hand, and the additional fixty-eight, more efpecially, difturbed 
all arrangement. The colle6for was Mr M'Ward, who, as a 
ftudent, being much beloved by Rutherford, went to the Weft- 
minfter AfTembly with him as his amanuenfis or fecretary. He 
was afterwards fucceflbr to Andrew Gray in Glafgow, and finally 
minifter in Rotterdam. He gave them to the public with an 
enthufiaftic recommendation, under the title ; " Jojlnia Redivivus; 
publifhed for the ufe of all the people of God, but more particularly 
for thole who are now, or afterwards may be, put to fufPering for 
Chrifl and His caufe ; by a well-wifher to the work and people of 
God. John xvi. 2 ; 2 Thessal. i. 6." The edition was in duodecimo, 
and was printed at Rotterdam. And we may here notice, that the 
Letters were not only firfl publilhed in Holland, but alfo, in 1674, 
they appeared in a Dutch tranflation at Flufhing. 

It will be noticed, in reading the letters as they fland chrono- 
logically, that at times the pen of the ready writer ran on with 
amazing rapidity. He has written many in one day, when his 
heart was overflowing. It was eafy to write when the Lord was 
pouring on him the uncflion that teacheth all things. He would 
have written flill more, but he had heard that people looked up to 
him and overpraifed his letters. During his confinement at Aber- 
deen, he wrote about 220 of thefe letters. 

There are a few diilafleful expreiTions in thefe epiflolary efFufions, 
the fparks of a fancy that fought to appropriate everything to fpiritual 
purpofes ; but as to extravagance in the thoughts conveyed, there is 


none. Dr Love fays, *' The haughty contempt of that book which 
is in the heart of many, will be ground for condemnation when the 
Lord Cometh to make inquifition after fuch things " (Let. xiv.). The 
extravagance in fentiment alleged againft them by fome, is jiift that 
of Paul, when he fpoke of knowing *' the height and depth, length 
and breadth," of the love of Chrifl ; or that of Solomon, when the 
Holy Ghofl: infpired him to write " The Song of Songs." Rather 
would we fay of thefe letters, what Livingftone in a letter fays of 
John Welfh's dying words, " O for a fweet fill of this fanatic 
humour ! " In modern days, Richard Cecil has faid of Rutherford, 
" He is one of my dailies ; he is a real original ;" and in older 
times, Richard Baxter, fome of whofe theological leanings might 
have prejudiced him, if anything could, faid of his letters, " Hold 
off the Bible, fuch a book the world never faw." They were long 
ago tranflated into Dutch, and of late years they have been trans- 
lated into German. Both in thefe, and in his other writings, we 
fee fufficient proof that had he cultivated literature as a purfuit, he 
might have ftood high in the admiration of men.* 

His correfpondents were chiefly perfons refiding either in Gal- 
loivay, where Anwoth was, or in Ayrjhire ; for thefe two counties at 
that time were rich in godly men of fome Handing. 

His pen fuggefts often, by a few ftrokes, very much that 
is profound and impreffive. There is fomething not eafily for- 
gotten in the words ufed to exprefs the Church's indeftruftiblenefs 
when he fays, " The bufli has been burning thefe five thoufand 
years, and no man yet faiu the ajhes of that fire.'' How much 

* Even in his controverlial works, fparks of the fame poetic fire fly out 
when opportunity occurs. In his Treatife, ^^De Divina Providentia," the 
following paragraph occurs, extolling the glory of Godhead wifdom. *^ Com- 
parentur cum ilia increata fapientia Dei Patris umbratiles fcintillulae creatas 
gloriolse quotquot nominis celebritate inclaruerunt. Delirat Plato, Mentitur 
Arijloteles. Cicero balbutit, hasfitat, nefcit Latine loqui. Demojlhenes mutus 
et elinguis obftupefcit ; virtutis viam ignorat Seneca ; nihil canit Homerus ; 
male canit Firgilius ! Accedant ad Chrillum qui virtutis gloria fulgent ! Ari- 
Ji'ides virtutem mentitur. Fabius cefpitat, a via juftitiae deviat. Socrates ne 
hoc quidem fcit, fe nihil fcire. Cato levis et futilis eft : Solon eft mundi et vo- 


truth is conveyed in that laying, *' LoITes for Chrifl are but goods 
given out in bank in Chrift's hand." There is an ingenious ufe 
of Scripture that often delights the reader ; as when he fpeaks of 
" The corn on the houfe-tops that never got the hufbandman's 
prayer," or of *' Him that counteth the bafons and knives of His 
houle (Ezra i. 9, lo), and bringeth them back lafe to His lecond 
temple." But the more general topics of his letters are worthy of 
attentive confideration. 

Thefe Letters will ever be precious to — 

I. A// ivho are fenfihle of their oiun, and the Church's y decay and 
corruptions. The wound and the cure are therein fo fully opened 
out : felf is expofed, even fpiritual felf. He will tell you, " There 
is as much need to watch over grace, as to watch over fm." He 
will fhow you God in Chrift, to fill up the place ufurped by felf. 
The fubtleties of fm, idols, fnares, temptations, felf-deceptions, are 
dragged into view from time to time. And what is better flill, the 
cords of Chrifl are twined round the roots of thefe bitter plants, 
that they may be plucked up. 

Nor is it otherwife in regard to corruption in public, and in the 
Church. We do not mean merely the open corruption of error, but 
alfo the fecret *' grey hairs" of decay. Hear him cry, " There is imi- 
'uerfal deadnefs on all that fear God. O ivhere are the Jometime quicken- 
ing breathings and i?jfuences fro7n heaven that have refreJJied His hidden 
ones!'' And then he laments, in the name of the faints, "We are 

luptatum fervus et mancipium, non legiflator. Pythagoras nee fophos, nee 
philofophus eft. Bias nee mundi nee inanis gloriae eontemptor. Alexander 
Mace do ignavus eft," &e. Another work bears this title: ^^ Exercitationes Apo- 
logetic a: pro Dfvind Gratia y" Jludio et indujlria Samuelis Rhcetorfortis ^ An<wet- 
enfiSy in Gallo'vididy Scotice protnncidy Pajioris." The prefaee, or dedication, 
to Gordon of Kenmure^ is very eharadteriftie, ending thus: *"*" Non enim ignoras 
in hae valle miferiarum minime fiftendum, neque tentorium figendum ; ad aster- 
nitatem ipfam (quod vere magnum nomen eft & ineffabile) te voeari ; erefeere 
iter, decrefcere diem, omnia alia aliena, tempus tantum noftrum effe, li modo 
noftrum eft." In this preface he calls himfelf '' Pajior Anwetenfis,' the old 
Ipelling of Anwoth being Anraieth. 


half-fatisfied luith our luitherednefs ; nor have we as much of his ftrain 
who doth eight times breathe out that fuit (Pfa. cxix.), Quicken me !" 
*' We live far from the well, and complain but dryly of our drynefs." 

2. All who delight in the Surety's imputed righteoufnefs . If 
thoroughly aware of the body of fin in ourfelves, we cannot but 
feel that we need a perfon in our (lead, — the perfon of the God- 
man in the room of our guilty perfon. " To us a Son is given ;" 
not falvation only, but a Saviour. "He gave Himfelf {ox us'' 

Thefe Letters are ever leading us to the Surety and His right- 
eoufnefs. The eye never gets time to refi: long on anything apart 
from Him and His righteoufnefs. We are fhown the deluge- 
waters undried up, in order to lead us into the ark again ; " I had 
fainted, had not want and penury chafed me to the ilorehoule of all." 

3. All ivho rejoice in the Go/pel of free grace. Lord Kenmure 
having faid to him, "Sin caufeth me to be jealous of His love to 
luch a man as I have been ;" he replied, " Be jealous of yourfelf, 
my lord, but not of Jefus Chrifl." In his " Trial and Triumph of 
Faith," he remarks, " As holy walking is a duty coming from us, 
it is no ground of true peace. Believers often feek in themfelves 
what they fhould feek in Chrifi:." It is to the like efFe6t he fays 
in one of his letters, " Your heart is not the compafs that Chrift 
faileth by," — turning away his friend from looking inward, to look 
upon the heart of Jefus. And this is his meaning, when he thus 
lays the whole burden of falvation on the Lord, and leaves nothing 
for us but acceptance ; " Take eafe to thyfelf, and let Him bear 
all."* Then, pointing us to the rifen Saviour as our pledge of 
complete redemption, " Faith may dance, becaufe Chrift fingeth ;"f 
" Faith apprehendeth pardon, but never payeth a penny for it." J On 
his death-bed he faid to his friends, " I difclaim all that ever God 
made me will or do, and I look upon it as defiled and imperfeft." 
And fo in his letters he will admit of no addition, or intermixture 

* Let. 182. t Let. 183. X Let. 182. 


of other things-, "The Gofpel is like a fmall hair that hath no 
breadth, and will not cleave in two."* He exhorts to afTurance 
as being the way to be humbled very low before God : " Complain- 
ing is but a humble backbiting and traducing of Chrifl's new work 
in the foul." *' Make meikle of afTurance, for it keepeth your 
anchor fixed."f He warns us, in his " Trial and Triumph of Faith," 
*' not to be too defirous of keen awakenings to chafe us to Chriil. 
Let Chrift tutor me as He thinketh good. He has feven eyes : I 
have but one, and that too dim." In a fimilar ftrain he writes : — 
*' The law fhall never be my doomfter, by Chrifl's grace ; I fhall 
find a fure enough doom in the Gofpel to humble and caft me 
down. There cannot be a more humble foul than a believer. It is no 
pride in a droivnmg man to catch hold of a roch.''\ How much truth 
there is here ! Naaman never was humble in any degree, until he 
felt himfelf completely healed of his fcaly leprofy ; but truly he was 
humbled and humble then. And what one word is there that fug- 
gefts fo many humbling thoughts as that word "■ grace V 

4. All nvhofeek to groiv in holinefs. The Holy Ghoft delights to 
fhow us the glorious Godhead, in the face of Jefus. And this is a 
very frequent theme in thefe letters. " Take Chrifl for fanftifica- 
tion, as well as j unification," is often his theme. And in him we 
fee a man who feems to have fought for holinefs as unceafmgly and 
as eagerly as other men feek for pardon and peace. In him " Holi- 
fiefs to the Lord'' feems written on every affedf ion of the heart, and on 
every frefh-fpringing thought. 

Fellowfhip with the living God is a diftinguifhing feature in the 
holinefs ^ven by the Holy Ghoft ; we get " accefs by one Spirit 
to the Father through Him." § Rutherford could fometimes fay, 
*' I have been fo near Him that I have faid, * I take inftruments that 
this is the Lord.' "II And he could from experience declare, "I 
dare avouch, the faints know not the length and largenefs of the 
fweet Earneft, and of the fweet green fheaves before the harveft, 

* Let. 279. t Let. 288. % Let. 230. § Ephes. ii. 18. || Let. 99. 


that might be had on this fide of the water, if nve ivould take more 
pains.'"* " I am every way in your cafe, as hard-hearted and dead 
as any man, but yet I fpeak to Chrift through my fleep."-f All this 
is from the pen of a man who was a metaphyfician, a controver- 
fialift, a leader in the Church, and learned in ancient and fcholaftic 
lore. Why are there not fuch gracious, as well as great men now ? 

5. All offliBed perfom. Here he had the very " tongue of the 
learned, to fpeak a word in feafon to him that was weary." And 
with what tender fympathy does he fpeak, leading the mourner fo 
gently to the heart of Jefus ! He knew the heart of a llranger, for 
he had been a ftranger. " Let no man after me flander Chrifi: for 
his crofs." J Yes, fays he, His moft loved are often His moft tried : 
" The lintel-ftone and pillars of His New Jerufalem fufFer more 
knocks of God's hammer and tools than the common fide-wall 
ftones." § Even as to reproach and calumny, he declares, " I love 
Chrift's worft reproaches." 

It was to Hugh M'Kail, uncle of the youthful martyr, that he 
penned the words, " Some have written me that I am pofiibly too 
joyful of the crofs ; but my joy overleapeth the crofs, — it is 
bounded and terminated on Chrift." § And there it was he found 
a well of comfort never dry, 

6. All luho love the Perfofi of Chrijl. We have too often been 
fatisfied with fpeculative truth and abftraft do6lrine. On the one 
hand, the orthodox have too often refted in the fiatements of our 
Catechifms and Confeffions ; and, on the other, the " election- 
doubters " (as Bunyan would have called them) have prefixed their 
favourite dogma, that Chrifl died for all men, as if mere afi^ent to a 
propofition could fave the foul. Rutherford places the truth before 
us in a more accurate, and alfo more favoury way, full of life and 
warmth. The Perfon of Him who gave Himfelf for His Church is 
held up in all its attracflivenefs. With him, it is ever the Perfon as 

* Let. 202. t Let. 286. % Let. 107. § Let. 102. j| Let. 206. 


much as the work done ; or rather, never the one apart from the 
other. Like Paul, he would fain know i//;w, as well as the power 
of His refurredlion.* 

Once, when Lord Kenmure afked him, " What will Chrifl be 
like when He cometh ?" his reply was, " All lovely'' And this is 
everywhere the favourite theme with him. At times he tells of His 
love. " His love furroundeth and furchargeth me."f ** If His love 
was not in heaven, I fhould be unwilling to go thither." J Often he 
checks his pen to tell of Chrifl Himfelf: " Welcome, welcome, 
fweet, fweet crofs of Chrift ; " — then correal ing his language, — 
" Welcome, fair, lovely, royal King, ivith Thine own crofs,'' ^ " Oh 
if I could doat as much upon Himfelf ^s I do upon His love." || ^' I 
fear I make more of His love than of Himfelf" ^ How ftartling, 
yet how true, is this remark, ''I fee that in communion with Chrifl 
we may make more gods tham one," ** — meaning, that we may be 
tempted to make the enjoyment itfelf our god. It was his habitual 
aim to pafs through privileges, joys, even fellow ftiip, to God Him- 
felf : " I have caften this work upon Chrifl, to get me Himfelf ," \\ 
** I would be farther in upon Chrifl than at His joys ; in, where 
love and mercy lodgeth ; befide His heart." J J " He who fitteth on 
the throne is His lone a fufficient heaven." §§ " Sure I am He is the 
far befl half of heaven." ||[| 

In a word, fuch was his foul's view of the living Perfon, that he 
writes, ** Holinefs is not Chrifl, nov the blofToms and flowers of the tree 
of life, nor the tree itfelf." f ^ He had found out the true fountain- 
head, and would direft all Zion's travellers thither. And let a man 
try this ; — let the Holy Spirit lead a man to this Perfon ; — and furely 
his experience will be, " None ever came up dry from David's well." 

7. All ivho love that bleffed hope, and the glorious appearing of the 
great God our Saviour. The more we love the Perfon of Chrifl, the 

* Phil. iii. 10. t Let. 104. % Let. 104. § Let. 61. 

II Let. 160. t Let. 179. ** Let. 168. ff Let. 187. 

tt Let. 286. §§ Let. 352- |||| Let. 279. ft Let. 336. 


more ought we to love His appearing; and the more we cheriih both 
feelings, the holier fhall we become. Rutherford abounds in afpi- 
rations for that day ; he is one who *' looks for and haftens unto 
the coming of the Day of God ! " While in exile at Aberdeen in 
1637, he writes, *' O when will we meet ! O how long is it to the 
dawning of the marriage day ! O fweet Jefus, take wide fleps ! 
O my Lord, come over mountains at one ftride ! O my Beloved, 
flee as a roe or young hart upon the mountains of feparation." Now 
and then he utters the expreilion of an intenfe defire for the reftora- 
tion of Ifrael to their Lord, and the fulnefs of the Gentiles ; but 
far oftener his defires go forth to his Lord Himfelf. " O faireft 
among the fons of men, why ftayeft Thou fo long away ? O heavens, 
move faft ! O time, run, run, and haften the marriage day!" To 
Lady Kenmure his words are, '' The Lord hath told you what you 
fhould be doing till He come. ' Wait and haften,' faith Peter, ' for 
the coming of the Lord.' Sigh and long for the dawning of that 
morning, and the breaking of that day, of the coming of the Son of 
Man, when the fhadows fhall flee away. Wait with the wearied 
night-watch for the breaking of the eaflern fky." Thofe faints who 
feel moft keenly the world's enmity, and the Church's imperfection, 
are thofe who will moft fervently love their Lord's appearing. It 
was thus with Daniel on the banks of Ulai, and with John in 
Patmos ; and Samuel Rutherford's mofl: intenfe afpirations for that 
day are breathed out in Aberdeen. 

His defcription of himfelf on one occafion is, — " A man often 
borne down and hungry, and waiting for the marriage fupper of 
the Lamb."* He is now gone to the '' mountain of myrrh and the 
hill of frankincenfe ; " and there he no doubt ftill wonders at the 
ftill unopened, unfearchable treafures of Chrifl:. But O for his 
infatiable defires Chriflward ! O for ten fuch men in Scotland to 
fland in the gap ! — men who all day long find nothing but Chrift to 
reft in, whofe very fleep is a purfuing after Chrift in dreams, and 
who intenfely defire to " awake with His likenefs." 

* Let. 63. 


1. Exercitationes Apologeticce pro Di'vina Gratia. Amftelodami, izmo, 1636' 

Franekerae, 165 1. 

2. A Peaceable and Temperate Plea for PauTs Prejbytery in Scotland. London, 

4to, 1642. 

3. A Sermon before the Houfe of Commons y on Daniel vi. 26. London, 4to, 


4. A Sermon before the Houfe of Lords ^ on Luke vii. 22 ; Mark iv. 38 ; Matt. 

viii. 26. London, 4to, 1645. 

5. *'*' Lex Rex :" The Laiv and the Prince. London, 4to, 1644. 

6. The Due Right of Pre/by teries. London, 4to, 1644. 

7. The Trial and Triumph of Faith. London, 4to, 1645. 

8. The Divine Right of Church Government and Excommunication. London, 

4to, 1646. Appended to this is A Difpute touching Scandal and Chriflian 

9. Chrifl Dying and Drawing Sinners to Himfelf. London, 4to, 1647. 

10. A Survey of the Spiritual Antichrifl. London, 1648. To which is ap- 

pended, A Modefl Survey of the Secrets of Antinomianifm. 

11. A Free Difputation againft Pretended Liberty of Confcience. London, 4to, 


12. The Lafl and Heavenly Speeches of John Gordon ^ Vifcount Kenmure. Edin- 

burgh, 4to, 1649- 

13. Difputatio Scholaflica de Divina Providentia. Edinburgh, 4to, 1651. 

14. The Covenant of Life Opened. Edinburgh, 4to, 1655. 

15. A Survey of Mr Hooker s Church Difcipline ; or^ A Survey of the Survey of 

that Summe of Difcipline penned by Mr Thomas Hooker. London, 4to, 

16. Influences of the Life of Grace. The laft work publifhed in his lifetime. 

London, 4to, 1659. The original title page adds: — **A Practical 
Treatife concerning the way, manner, and means of having and im- 
proving fpiritual difpolitions and quickening influences fi-om Chrifl, the 
Refurre6t:on and the Life." 



17. Jojhua Redii'limj ; or, Mr Rutherford's Letters, Firft Edition, i2mo, 

1664. No printer's name and no place mentioned. 

18. Examen Arm'inianifmi. Ultrajedti (Utrecht), i2mo, 1668. 

19. A Tejlimony left by Mr S. Rutherford to the ffork of Reformation in Great 

Britain and Ire/and before his death. Date uncertain. 

20. Sacramental Sermons: taken by a hearer. This includes ^* Chrift's 

Napkin; Chrift and the Dove's heavenly Salutation," &c. Thefe have 
internal e\'idence in their favour, viz., the language and general ftrain of 

21. The Cruel Watchman. The Door of Salnjation Opened^ 1735* Exhortation 

at a Communion to a Scots Congregation in London ^ 1730. (Thefe three 
are doubtful ; at all events, very imperfed:.) 
There is a feparate Treatife on Prayer afcribed to him in Watts' Bibliotheca 
and Thomfon's edition of the Letters. 

An old Catalogue of the mofl Vendible Books, in 1658, gives as one of his 
works, A Rationale on the Book of Coynmon Prayer , 8vo. 

VOL. I. 


I. — For Marion M'Naught, on the return home of her daughter. 

[In the early editions the date ftands ^^ 1624," by a miftake for *^ 1627;" 
for Rutherford was not fettled in Anwoth in 1624. 

For a full notice of Marion M^ Naught , fee what is prefixed to Letter VI.] 


Chrift remembered. I have fent to you your daughter 
Grizel with Robert Gordon, who came to fetch her. 
I am in good hopes that the feed of God is in her, as in one born 
of God ; and God's feed will come to God's harveft. I have her 
promife fhe fhall be Chrift's. For I have told her fhe may promife 
much in His worthy name; for He becomes caution* to His Father 
for all fuch as refolve and promife to ferve Him. I will remember 
her to God. I trull: you will acquaint her with good company, 
and be diligent to know with whom fhe loveth to haunt. Remem- 
ber Zion, and our neceiTities. I blefs your daughter from our 
Lord, and pray the Lord to give you joy and comfort of her. 
Remember my love to your hufband, to William and Samuel your 
fons. The Lord Jefus Chrifl be with your fpirit. 

Yours at all power f in the Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 


t To the utmoft of my power. 

36 LETTER 11. [1628. 

II. — To a Chrijl'ian Gentleivoman on the death of her daughter. 


ISTRESS, — M}' love in Chrift remembered to you. I 
was indeed forrowful at my departure from you, 
efpecially fmce ye were in fuch heavinefs after your 
daughter's death. Yet I do perfuade myfelf, ye know that the 
weightiest end of the crofs of Chrift that is laid upon you lieth 
upon your ftrong Saviour ; for Ifaiah faith,* " In all your affli6lions 
He is afflifted." O blefled Second f who fuffereth with you ! and 
glad may your foul be even to walk in the fiery furnace with one 
like unto the Son of Man, who is alfo the Son of God. Courage ! 
up your heart ! When ye do tire, He will bear both you and your 
burden.J Yet a little while and ye fhall fee the falvation of God. 
Remember of what age your daughter was, and that juft fo long 
was your leafe of her. If fhe was eighteen, nineteen, or twenty 
years old, I know not ; but fure I am, feeing her term was come, 
and your leafe run out, ye can no more juflly quarrel your great 
Superior for taking His own at His jufl: term day, than a poor 
farmer can complain that his maAer taketh a portion of his own 
land to himfelf when his leafe is expired. Good miftrefs, if ye 
would not be content that Chrifl would hold from you the 
heavenly inheritance which is made yours by His death, fhall not 
that fame Chrift think hardly of you if ye refufe to give Him your 
daughter willingly, who is a part of His inheritance and conqueft ? § 
I pray the Lord to give you all your own, and to grace you with 
patience to give God His alfo. He is an ill debtor who payeth 
that which he hath borrowed, with a grudge. Indeed, that long 

* Ifa. Ixiii. 9. t Supporter. J Plalm Iv. 22. 

§ Acquired by purchafe and pains, not inherited. ^'The young heir 

knows not how hard the conqueft was to his poor father " (Sermon at 
Anwoth, 1634, on Zech. xi. 9). 

1628.] LETTER 11. 37 

loan of fuch a good daughter, an heir of grace, a member of 
Chrift (as I believe), deferveth more thanks at your Creditor's hand, 
than that ye fhould gloom* and murmur when He craveth but His 
own. I believe you would judge them to be but thanklefs neigh- 
bours who would pay you a fum of money after this manner. But 
what ? Do you think her lofl, when fhe is but fleeping in the 
bofom of the Almighty .? Think her not abfent who is in fuch a 
Friend's houfe. Is (he lofl to you who is found to Chrift ? If fhe 
were with a dear friend, although you fhould never fee her again, 
your care for her would be but fmall. Oh, now, is fhe not with a 
dear Friend ? and gone higher, upon a certain hope that ye fhall, 
in the relurreffion, fee her again, when (be ye fure) fhe fhall 
neither be heftic nor confumed in body ? You would be lorry 
either to be, or to be efteemed, an atheift ; and yet, not I, but the 
Apoftle, thinketh thofe to be hopelefs atheiftsf who mourn ex- 
ceffively for the dead. But this is not a challenge J on my part. I 
do fpeak this only fearing your weaknefs ; for your daughter was a 
part of yourlelf ; and, therefore, nature in you being as it were 
cut and halved, will indeed be grieved. But ye have to rejoice, 
that when a part of you is on earth, a great part of you is glorified 
in heaven. Follow her, but envy her not ; for indeed it is felf-love 
in us that maketh us mourn for them that die in the Lord. Why ? 
Becaufe for them we cannot mourn, fmce they are never happy till 
they be dead ; therefore we mourn for our own private refpe6f . 
Take heed, then, that in fhowing your afFe6fion in mourning for 
your daughter, ye be not, out of felf-afFe6fion, mourning for your- 
felf. Confider what the Lord is doing in it. Your daughter is 
plucked out of the fire, and fhe refteth from her labours ; and 
your Lord, in that, is trying you, and cafting you in the fire. Go 
through all fires to your reft ; and now remember that the eye of 
God is upon the bufh burning and not confumed ; and He is gladly 
content that fuch a weak woman as you fhould send Satan away, 

* Put on a lullen look. t i Thefs. iv. 13 and Eph. ii. 12. 

t A rebuke, or upbraiding accufation. 




fruftrate of his defign. Now honour God, and ihame the ftrong 
roaring lion, when ye feem weakefl. Should fuch an one as ye 
faint in the day of adverfity ? Call to mind the days of old. The 
Lord yet liveth. Truft in Him, although He ihould flay you. 
Faith is exceeding charitable, and believeth no evil of God. Now 
is the Lord laying, in the one fcale of the balance, your making con- 
fcience of fubmifTion to His gracious will, and in the other, your 
affection and love to your daughter. Which of the two will ye 
then choofe to fatisfy ? Be wife, then ; and as I truft ye love Chrifl 
better than a fmful woman, pals by your daughter, and kifs the 
Lord's rod. Men do lop the branches off their trees round about, 
to the end they may grow up high and tall. The Lord hath this 
way lopped your branch in taking from you many children, to the 
end you fhould grow upward, like one of the Lord's cedars, fetting 
your heart above, where Chrifl: is, at the right hand of the Father. 
What is next, but that your Lord cut down the ftock after He hath 
cut the branches ? Prepare yourfelf ; you are nearer your daughter, 
this day than you were yefterday. While ye prodigally fpend time 
in mourning for her, ye are fpeedily pofling after her. Run your 
race with patience. Let God have His own ; and afk of Him, 
inflead of your daughter which He hath taken from you, the 
daughter of faith, which is patience ; and in patience pofTefs your 
foul. Lift up your head : ye do not know how near your re- 
demption doth draw. Thus recommending you to the Lord, who 
is able to effablifh you, I reft, your loving and affectionate friend in 
the Lord Jefus, 8. R. 

Anwoth, April 12,, i6a8. 


1628.] LETTER III. 39 

III. — To the Viscountess of Kenmure, o?i occafion of illnefs and 
fpiritual deprejjion. 

[LADY JANE CAMPBELL, Vifcountefs of Kenmure, was the third 
daughter of Archibald Campbell, feventh Earl of Argyle, and filler to the 
Marquis of Argyle who was beheaded in 1 6 6 1 . She was a woman diftinguifhed, 
in her day, for the depth of her piety, and her warm attachment to the Prefby- 
terian intereft in Scotland. Nor was Ihe lefs diftinguifhed for generofity and 
munificence, than for piety. Her bounty was in a particular manner extended 
to thofe whom fuffering for confcience' fake had reduced to poverty or exile. 
In the yeai- 1628, fhe was married to Sir John Gordon of Lochinvar, after- 
wards Vifcount Kenmure and Lord Gordon of Lochinvar. This union did not 
laft many years. In 1634, Ihe became a widow, his Lordfhip having died at Ken- 
mure Caftle, on the 12th of September that year, in the 35th year of his age. 
But her fon-ow on this occafion was alleviated by the Chriftian refignation and 
faith, which he was enabled to exercife under his laft illnefs. To this noble- 
man fhe had two daughters, who died in infancy, one about the beginning 
of the year 1629, ^'^^ ^^^ other in 1634, as may be gathered from allufions to 
thefe bereavements, contained in two confolatory letters written to her by 
Rutherford in thefe years. She had alfo, by the fame marriage, a fon, John, 
fecond Vifcount of Kenmure, who, however, died under age and unmarried, 
in Auguft 1649. This event forms the fubjedt of a letter vvritten to her by 
Rutherford the ift of O (Sober that year. She married for her fecond hufband, 
on the 2ift of September 1640, the Hon. Sir Henry Montgomery of Giffen, 
fecond fon of Alexander, fixth Earl of Eglinton ; but this marriage was with- 
out iffue. Sir Henry's religious views were congenial to her own ; and he is 
defcribed as an ** adive and faithful friend of the Lord's kirk." She was foon 
left a widow a fecond time, in which ftate fhe lived till a very venerable age, 
having furvived the Reftoration a number of years, as appears from the fadt 
that Livingftone, at the time of his death (which took place at Rotterdam in 
1672), fpeaks of her as the oldeft acquaintance he then had alive in Scotland. 
She was a regular correfpondent of Rutherford, the laft of whofe letters to her 
is dated July the 24th, 1661, after the execution of her brother, above men- 
tioned. Nor after Mr Rutherford's death was fhe unmindful of his widow. 
** Madam," fays Mr M'Ward, in a letter to her, *^ Mrs Rutherford gives me 
often an account of the fingular teftimony which fhe met with of your Lady- 
fhip's affedtion to her and her daughter." 

Kenmure Caftle is well feen from the road that leads along the banks of the 
Ken. The loch, the river, and the old baronial houfe, combine to attract 
notice. It is built on an infulated knoll, well wooded all around.] 

40 LETTER III. [1628. 


ADAM, — All dutiful obedience in the Lord remembered. 
I have heard of your Ladyfhip's infirmity and ficknefs 
with grief; yet I truft ye have learned to fay, "It is 
the Lord, let Him do whatfoever feemeth good in His eyes." It is 
now many years fmce the apoflate angels made a queftion, whether 
their will or the will of their Creator fhould be done -, and fmce 
that time, froward mankind hath always in that fame fuit of law 
compeared* to plead with them againfl God, in daily repining 
againft His will. But the Lord being both party and judge, hath 
obtained a decreet,f and faith, " My counfel fhall fland, and I will 
do all my pleafure."J It is then beft for us, in the obedience of 
faith, and in an holy fubmiffion, to give that to God which the law 
of His almighty and juft power will have of us. Therefore, 
Madam, your Lord willeth you, in all ftates of life, to fay, " Thy 
will be done in earth, as it is in heaven :" and herein fhall ye have 
comfort, that He, who feeth perfectly through all your evils, and 
knoweth the frame and conflitution of your nature, and what is 
mofl healthful for your foul, holdeth every cup of affli6lion to your 
head, with His own gracious hand. Never believe that your tender- 
hearted Saviour, who knoweth the flrength of your flomach, will 
mix that cup with one drachm- weight of poifon. Drink then with 
the patience of the faints, and the God of patience blefs your phyfic. 
I have heard your Ladyfhip complain of deadnefs, and want of 
the beflirring power of the life of God. But, courage ! He who 
walked in the garden, and made a noife that made Adam hear His 
voice, will alfo at fome times walk in your foul, and make you hear 
a more fweet word. Yet, ye will not always hear the noife and 
the din of His feet, when He walketh. Ye are, at fuch a time, like 
Jacob mourning at the fuppofed death of Jofeph, when Jofeph was 

* Appeared. f Judicial fentence. t I fa* xlvi. to. 

1628.] LETTER III. 41 

living. The new creature, the image of the fecond Adam, is living 
in you ; and yet ye are mourning at the fuppofed death of the life of 
Chrift in you. Ephraim is bemoaning and mourning,* when he 
thinketh God is far off and heareth not ; and yet God is like the 
bridegroom,-]- ftanding only behind a thin wall, and laying to His 
ear; for He faith Himfelf, "I have furely heard Ephraim bemoan- 
ing Himfelf."J I have good confidence, Madam, that Chrift Jefus, 
whom your foul through forefts and mountains is feeking, is within 
you. And yet I fpeak not this to lay a pillow under your head, or 
to diffuade you from a holy fear of the Ipfs of your Chiift, or of 
provoking and " ftirring up the Beloved before He pleafe," by fin. I 
know, in fpiritual confidence, the devil will come in, as in all other 
good works, and cry '' Half mine;" and fo endeavour to bring you 
under a fearful fleep, till He whom your foul loveth be departed 
from the door, and have left off knocking. And, therefore, here the 
Spirit of God mufi: hold your foul's feet in the golden mid-line, be- 
twixt confident refi:ing in the arms of Chriil:, and prefumptuous and 
drowfy fleeping in the bed of flefhly fecurity. Therefore, worthy 
lady, {o count little of yourfelf, becaufe of your own wretchednefs 
and finful drowfinefs, that ye count not alfo little of God, in the 
courfe of His unchangeable mercy. For there be many Chriftians 
moft like unto young failors, who think the fiiore and the whole 
land doth move, when the fiiip and they themfelves are moved; 
juft fo, not a few do imagine that God moveth and faileth§ and 
changeth places, becaufe their giddy fouls are under fail, and fub- 
je6f to alteration, to ebbing and flowing. But '* the foundation of 
the Lord abideth fure." God knoweth that ye are His own. 
Wreffle, fight, go forward, watch, fear, believe, pray ; and then ye 
have all the infallible fymptoms of one of the eleft of Chrift within you. 
Ye have now. Madam, a ficknefs before you; and alfo after 
that a death. Gather then now food for the journey. God give 
you eyes to fee through ficknefs and death, and to fee fomething 

* Jer. xxxi. 18. f Cant. ii. 9. X Jer. xxxi. il 

§ So it is in the earlier editions; not '* faileth." 

42 LETTER III. [1628. 

beyond death. I doubt not but that, if hell were betwixt you and 
Chrift, as a river which ye behoved to crofs ere you could come 
at Him, but ye would willingly put in your foot, and make through 
to be at Him, upon hope that He would come in Himfelf, in the 
deepeft of the river, and lend you His hand. Now, I believe your 
hell is dried up, and ye have only thefe two fhallow brooks, fick- 
nefs and death, to pafs through ; and ye have alfo a promife that 
Chrift fhall do more than meet you, even that He fhall come Him- 
felf, and go wuth you foot for foot, yea and bear you in His arms. 
O then ! O then ! for the joy that is fet before you ; for the love 
of the Man (who is alfo " God over all, blefled for ever"), that is 
ftanding upon the fhore to welcome you, run your race with 
patience. The Lord go with you. Your Lord will not have you, 
nor any of His fervants, to exchange for the worfe. Death in it- 
felf includeth both the death of the foul and the death of the body ; 
but to God's children the bounds and the limits of death are abridged 
and drawn into a more narrow compafs. So that when ye die, a 
piece of death fhall only feize upon you, or the leaft part of you 
fhall die, and that is the diffolution of the body ; for in Chrift ye 
are delivered from the fecond death ; and, therefore, as one born of 
God, commit not fni (although ye cannot live and not fm), and 
that ferpent fhall but eat your earthly part. As for your foul, it is 
above the law of death. But it is fearful and dangerous to be a 
debtor and fervant to fm; for the count of fm ye will not be able 
to make good before God, except Chrift both count and pay for 

I truft alfo. Madam, that ye will be careful to prefent to the 
Lord the prefent eflate of this decaymg Kirk. For what fhall be 
concluded in Parliament anent* her, the Lord knoweth. Sure I 

* *' In reference to her," — alluding to the kno\^•^l delign of Charles I. to 
enforce conformity to Epifcopacy. About the clofe of July, Charles I. re- 
folved to come to Scotland to be crowned, and he wTote to that effed to the 
Privy Council, and indicted a Parliament to lit down at Edinburgh the 15th 
of September following. It is to that intended meeting of Parliament that 
Rutherford here refers. But it was not held. 




am, the decree of a moft fearful parliament in heaven is at the very 
point of coming forth, becaufe of the fms of the land. For *' we 
have caft away the law of the Lord, and defpifed the words of the 
Holy One of Ifrael."* " Judgment is turned away backward, and 
juftice ftandeth afar off; truth is fallen in the flreets, and equity 
cannot enter." f Lo! the prophet, as if he had feen us and our 
kirk, refembleth J Jujiice to be handled as an enemy holden out at 
the ports of our city [fo is ilie banilhed !] , and Truth to a perfon fickly 
and difeafed, fallen down in a deadly fwooning fit in the ftreets, be- 
fore he can come to an houie. " The priefts have caufed many to 
Ihimble at the law, and have corrupted the covenant of Levi."§ 
" But what will they do in the end ?" || Therefore give the Lord no 
reft for Zion. Stir up your hufband, your brother, and all with 
whom ye are in favour and credit, to fland upon the Lord's fide 
againft Baal. I have good hope that your hufband loveth the peace 
and profperity of Zion. The peace of God be upon him, for his in- 
tended courfes anent the eftablifhment of a powerful miniftry in 
this land. Thus, not willing to weary your Ladyfhip further, I 
commend you now, and always, to the grace and mercy of that 
God who is able to keep you, that ye fall not. The Lord Jefus be 
with your fpirit. 

Your Ladyfhip's fervant at all dutiful obedience in Chrift. 

S. R. 

AnwOTH, July 2 7, 1628. 

* Ila. V. 24. 
§ Mai. ii. 8. 

t I fa. lix. 14. 
II Jer. V. 31. 

X Reprelenteth. 

44 LETTER IV. [1629. 

IV. — To the Elecl and Noble Lady, my Lady Kenmure, on occajton 
of the death of her mfatit daughter. 


ADAM, — Saluting your Ladyfhip with grace and mercy 
from God our Father, and from our Lord Jefus Chrifl:, 
— I was forry, at my departure, leaving your Ladyfhip 
in grief, and would ftill be grieved at it, if I were not afTured that 
ye have One with you in the furnace, whofe vifage is like unto the 
Son of God. I am glad that ye have been acquainted from your 
youth with the wreftlings of God, and that ye get fcarce liberty to 
fwallow down your fpittle, being caften* from furnace to furnace, 
knowing if ye were not dear to God, and if your health did not re- 
quire fo much of Him, He would not fpend fo much phyfic upon 
you. All the brethren and fiflers of Chrift mufl be conform to 
His image and copy in fulfering.f And fome do more vivelyj re- 
femble the copy than others. Think, Madam, that it is a part of 
your glory to be enrolled among thofe whom one of the elders 
pointed out to John, ** Thefe are they which came out of great 
tribulation, and have wafhed their robes, and made them white in 
the blood of the Lamb." § Behold your Forerunner going out of 
the world all in a lake of blood, and it is not ill to die as He did. 
Fulfil with joy the remnant of the grounds and remainders of the 
aiRiftions of Chrift in your body. Ye have loft a child : nay, fhe 
is not loft to you who is found to Chrift. She is not fent away, but 
only fent before, like unto a ftar, which going out of our fight 
doth not die and evanifh, but ftiineth in another hemifphere. Ye 
fee her not, yet ftie doth ftiine in another country. If her glafs was 
but a ftiort hour, what ftie wanteth of time that Ihe hath gotten of 

* Call. t Rom. viii. 29. :J: To the life, livingly, vividly. 

§ Rev. vii. 14. 

1629.] LETTER IF. 45 

eternity; and ye have to rejoice that ye have now fome plenifhing* 
up in heaven. Build your neft upon no tree here; for ye fee God 
hath fold the foreft to death ; and every tree whereupon we would 
reft is ready to be cut down, to the end we may flyf and mount 
up, and build upon the Rock, and dwell in the holes of the Rock. 
What ye love befides Jefus, your hufband, is an adulterous lover. 
Now it is God's fpecial bleifmg to Judah, that He will not let her 
find her paths in following her flrange lovers. " Therefore, behold 
I will hedge up her way with thorns, and make a wall that fhe fhall 
not find her paths. And ftie fhall follow after her lovers, but fhe 
fhall not overtake them." J O thrice happy Judah, when God 
buildeth a double flone wall betwixt her and the fire of hell ! The 
world, and the things of the world, Madam, is the lover ye natu- 
rally afFeft, § befide your own hufband Chrifl. The hedge of thorns 
and the wall which God buildeth in your way, to hinder you from 
this lover, is the thorny hedge of daily grief, lofs of children, weak- 
nefs of body, iniquity of the time, uncertainty of eftate, lack of 
worldly comfort, fear of God's anger for old unrepented-of fms. 
What lofe ye, if God twift and plait the hedge daily thicker? God 
be blefled, the Lord will not let you find your paths. Return to 
your firfl hufband. Do not weary, neither think that death walk- 
eth towards you with a flow pace. Ye muft be riper ere ye be 
fhaken. Your days are no longer than Job's, that were " fwifter 
than a pofl, and pafTed away as the fhips of defire, and as the eagle 
that hafteth for the prey." || There is lefs fand in your glafs now 
than there was yefternight. This fpan-length of ever-pofling time 
will foon be ended. But the greater is the mercy of God, the more 
years ye get to advife, upon what terms, and upon what conditions, 
ye caft your foul in the huge gulf of never-ending eternity. The 
Lord hath told you what ye fhould be doing till He come. "Wait 
and haften," faith Peter, *' for the coming of our Lord." All is 

* Property, or furniture. 

t In the earlier editions it is given ^^Jly" throughout; not ^^flee" 

X Hos. ii. 6, 7. § Love, have affection to. || Job ix. 25, 26, margin. 

46 LETTER V. [1629. 

night that is here, in refpeft of ignorance and daily enfuing troubles, 
one always making way to another, as the ninth wave of the fea to 
the tenth ; therefore figh and long for the dawning of that morning, 
and the breaking of that day of the coming of the Son of Man, 
when the fhadows fhall flee away. Perfuade yourfelf the King is 
coming; read His letter fent before Him, " Behold, I come quickly."* 
Wait with the wearied night-watch for the breaking of the eaftern 
fky, and think that ye have not a morrow. As the wife father faid, 
who, being invited againft to-morrow to dine with his friend, 
anfwered, " Thofe many days I have had no morrow at all." I 
am loth to weary you. Show yourfelf a Chriflian, by fuffering 
without murmuring, for which fm fourteen thoufand and feven 
hundred were flain.f In patience poflefs your foul. They lofe 
nothing who gain Chrift. Thus remembering my brother's and 
my wife's humble fervice to your Ladyihip, I commend you to the 
mercy and grace of our Lord Jefus, afTuring you that your day is 
coming, and that God's mercy is abiding you. The Lord Jefus be 
with your fpirit. 

Yours in the Lord Jefus at all dutiful obedience, 

S. R. 

AxwoTH, Jan. 15, 1629. 

V. — To my Lady Kenmure, upon her removal luith her hujhatul from 
the pariJJj of Anivoth. 


jADAM, — Saluting you in Jefus Chrifl, — to my grief I 
mufi: bid you, it may be, for ever farewell, in paper^ 
having fmall afTurance ever to fee your face again till 
the lafl: general aflembly, where the whole Church univerfal fhall 

* Rev. iii. 11. f Num. xvi. 49. 

629.] LETTER V. 47 

meet; yet promifing, by His grace, to prefent your Ladyfhip and 
your burdens to Him who is able to fave you, and give you an in- 
heritance with the faints, after a more fpecial manner than ever I 
have done before.* 

Ye are going to a country where the Sun of righteoufnefs, in 
the Gofpel, fhinetli not fo clearly as in this kingdom; but if ye would 
know where He whom your foul loveth doth reft, and where He 
feedeth at the noontide of the day, wherever ye be, get you forth 
by the footfteps of the flock, and feed yourfelf befide the fhepherds' 
tents ;f that is, afk for fome of the watchmen of the Lord's city, 
who will tell you truly, and will not lie, where ye ihall find Him 
whom your foul loveth. I truft ye are fo betrothed in marriage to 
the true Chrift, that ye will not give your love to any falfe Chrift. 
Ye know not how foon your marriage-day will come; nay, is not 
eternity hard upon you ? It were time, then, that ye had your 
wedding garment in readinefs. Be not fleeping at your Lord's com- 
ing. I pray God you may be upon your feet ftanding when He 
knocketh. Be not difcouraged to go from this country to another 
part of the Lord's earth : "The earth is His, and the fulnefs there- 
of." \ This is the Lord's lower houfe ; whUe we are lodged here, 
we have no aflurance to lie ever in one chamber, but muft be con- 
tent to remove from one corner of our Lord's nether houfe to an- 
other, refting in hope that, when we come up to the Lord's upper 
city, " Jerufalem that is above," we fhall remove no more, becaufe 
then we fhall be at home. And go wherefoever ye will, if your 
Lord go with you, ye are at home; and your lodging is ever taken 
before night, fb long as He who is Ifrael's dwelling-houfe is your 
home. § Believe me. Madam, my mind is that ye are well lodged, 
and that in your houfe there are fair eafe-rooms || and pleafant lights, 
if ye can in faith lean down your head upon the breaft of Jefus 

* Lord Kenmure and his lady refided at Rufco, in the parifh of Anwoth, 
during the firft two years of Rutherford's miniftry there ; but they were now 
about to leave it. See a notice of this. Let. 147. 

t Cant. i. 7, 8. X Pfalm xxiv. i. § Pfalm xc. i. || Rooms for repofe. 

48 LETTER VI. [1629. 

Chrifl: and till this be, ye fliall never get a found fleep. Jefus, 
Jefus, be your fhadow and your covering. It is a fweet foul-fleep 
to lie in the arms of Chrift, for His breath is very fweet. 

Pray for poor friendlefs Zion. Alas ! no man will fpeak for 
her now, although at home in her own country fhe hath good 
friends, her hufband Chrifl:, and His Father her Father-in-law. 
Befeech your hulband to be a friend to Zion, and pray for her. 

I have received many and divers dafhes and heavy ftrokes, fmce 
the Lord called me to the miniflry ; but indeed I efteem your de- 
parture from us amongft the weightiefl : but I perceive God will 
have us to be deprived of whatfoever we idolize, that He may have 
His own room. I fee exceeding fmall fruit of my miniflry, and 
would be glad to know of one foul to be my crown and rejoicing 
in the day of Chrifl. Though I fpend my flrength in vain, yet my 
labour is with my God.* I wifh and pray that the Lord would 
harden my face againfl all, and make me to learn to go with my 
face againft a ftorm. Again I commend you, body and fpirit, to 
Him who hath loved us, and wafhed us from our fin in His own 
blood. Grace, grace, grace for ever be with you. Pray, pray 

Your Ladyfhip's at all dutiful obedience in Chrifl, 

S. R. 

Anwoth, Sept. 14, 1629. 

VL — For Marion M'Naught, on occafton of the illnefs of his (Mr 
Rutherford^ s^ ivfe. 

[MARION M^NAUGHT was daughter to the Laird of Kilquhanatie, 
in Kirkpatrick Durham (fee Let. 252), the reprefentative of an ancient 
family, now extinct, and conne6ted alfo with the houfe of Kenmure, through 
her mother, Margaret Gordon, fifter to Lord Kenmure. She became the wife 
of William Fullerton, Provoft of Kirkcudbright, and was a woman extenfively 
known and held in honour by the molt eminent Chriftians and minifters of 

* I fa. xlix. 4. 

1629.] LETTER VL 49 

her day, on account of her rare godlinefs and public fpirit. We find in 
The Lajl and Hea'venly Speeches of Vifcount Kenmure, that by the fpecial defire 
of that nobleman (who was her relative), fhe was in continual attendance on 
him as he lay on his deathbed. Her name is fometimes fpelt ^^ M^Knaight," 
or ^* M^Knaichte," the modem ** Macknight." She had three children — one 
daughter, Grizzel, and two fons, Samuel and William, — who are often affec- 
tionately remembered in Rutherford's letters to her. The following epitaph 
was infcribed on her tomb, in the churchyard of Kirkcudbright: — 
** Marion M* Naught, fifter to John M* Naught of Kilquhanatie, an ancient 

and honourable baron, and fpoufe to William Fullerton, Provofl of 

Kirkcudbright, died April 1643, ^g^ 5 8. 

Sexum animis y pietate genus y genorofuy locumque 
Virtute exfuperanSy conditur hoc tumulo" 

The tombftone has fince been removed. It was only in i860 that her 
houfe (in which the meeting with Blair and Rutherford took place) was 
pulled down. It flood at the foot of the High Street, which was then the 
principal flreet of the town. 

A relative of this lady's hufband, Fullerton of Carlton (fee Let. 157), 
wi-ote on her the following acroftic : — 

M More happy than imagined can be, 

A And blefTed, are fuch as with heart fmcere 

R Refolve to cleave to Chrift, to live and die 

I In Him, with Him, and for Him to appear. 

O what tranfcendant glory grows from grace ! 
N None but — no, not — the foul refined fhall 

M^ Make to appear; that life, that light, that peace, ' 
K Known only to the pure pofTeflbrs all. 
N Now, THOUy by grace, art into glory gone, 
A And gained the garland of eternal blifs, 

1 In feeing Him who, on that glorious throne, 
G Created, uncreated, glory is. 

H Heaven's quire did fing at thy converfion fweet, '' 

T Time pofts thy final comforts to complete. 
(Append, to ^* Minute-Book of Committee ofCcvenanters") 


OVING AND DEAR SISTER,— If ever you would 
pleafure me, entreat the Lord for me, now when I am 
fo comfortlefs, and fo full of heavinefs, that I am not 
able to Aand under the burthen any longer. The Almighty hath 

VOL. I. D 

so LETTER VI. [1629. 

doubled His ftripes upon me, for my wife is fo fore tormented night 
and day, that I have wondered why the Lord tarrieth fo long. 
My life is bitter unto me, and I fear the Lord be my contrair* 
party. It is (as I now know by experience) hard to keep fight of 
God in a ftorm, efpecially when He hides Himfelf, for the trial of 
His children. If He would be pleafed to remove His hand, I have 
a purpofe to feek Him more than I have done. Happy are they 
that can win awayf with their foul. I am afraid of His judgments. 
I blefs my God that there is a death, and a heaven. I would 
weary to begin again to be a Chriflian, fo bitter is it to drink of the 
cup that Chrifl drank of, if I knew not that there is no poifon in it. 
God ^ve us not of it till we vomit again, for we have fick fouls 
when God's phyfic works not. Pray that God would not lead my 
wife into temptation. Woe is my heart, that I have done fo little 
againft the kingdom of Satan in my calling ; for he would fain 
attempt to make me blafpheme God in His face. I believe, I be- 
lieve, in the ftrength of Him who hath put me in His work, he 
fhall fail in that which he feeks. I have comfort in this, that my 
Captain, Chrifl:, hath faid, I muft fight and overcome the world, J 
and with a weak, fpoiled, weaponlefs devil, " the prince of this 
world Cometh, and hath nothing in me." § Defire Mr Robert || to 
remember me, if he love me. Grace, grace be with you, and all 

Remember Zion. There is a letter procured from the King by 
Mr John Maxwell to urge conformity, to give the communion at 
Chriftmas in Edinburgh, f Hold fail: that which you have, that no 

* Contrary, />., my adverfary. t Efcape, get away from the world. 

X John xvi. 2,?,' § John xiv. 30. 

II Mr Robert Glendinning, minifter of Kirkcudbright. 

^ Mr J. Maxwell here mentioned was at this time a minifter in Edin- 
burgh, and afterwards became Bifhop of Rofs, — a man of talent, but de\'oid 
of principle, whofe aim was to fecure the favour of the notorious Laud, and 
forward his defigns for forcing Epifcopacy upon the Scottifli people. The 
letter above referred to was from the King, urging the adoption of the Englifh 

1630.] LETTER VIL 51 

man take the crown from you. The Lord Jefus be with your 


Yours in the Lord, 

S. R. 
Anwoth, Noi\ 17, 1629. 


VIL — To my Lady Kenmure. 


ADAM, — I have longed exceedingly to hear of your life 
and health, and growth in the grace of God. I lacked 
the opportunity of a bearer, in refpeft I did not under- 
ftand of the hafly departure of the laft, by whom I might have 
fainted your Ladyfhip, and therefore I could not write before this 
time. I entreat you. Madam, let me have two lines from you con- 
cerning your prefent condition. I know ye are in grief and heavinefs ; 
and if it were not ib, ye might be afraid, becaufe then your way 
fhould not be fo like the way that (our Lord faith) leadeth to the New 
Jerufalem. Sure I am, if ye knew what were before you, or if ye 
faw but fome glances of it, ye would with gladnefs fwim through 
the prefent floods of ibrrow, fpreading forth your arms out of defire 
to be at land. If God have given you the earneft of the Spirit, as 
part of payment of God's principal fum, ye have to rejoice; for our 
Lord will not lofe His earnefl, neither will He go back or repent 
Him of the bargain. If ye find at fome time a longing to fee God, 
joy in the affurance of that fight, howbeit that feaft be but like the 
PafTover, that cometh about only once a-year. Peace of confcience, 
liberty of prayer, the doors of God's treafure cafl up to the foul, 
and a clear fight of Himfelf looking out, and faying, with a fmiling 
countenance, " Welcome to Me, afflicted foul ;'' this is the earneft that 
He giveth fometimes, and which maketh glad the heart, and is an 
evidence that the bargain will hold. But to the end ye may get this 

52 LETTER FIL [1630. 

earnefl:, it were good to come oft iiito terms of fpeech with God, 
both in prayer and hearing of the word. For this is the houfe of 
wine, where ye meet with your Well-Beloved. Here it is where 
He kifleth you with the kifTes of His mouth, and where ye feel the 
fmell of His garments; and they have indeed a mofl fragrant and 
glorious fmell. Ye muft, I fay, wait upon Him, and be often 
communing with Him, whofe lips are as lilies, dropping fweet- 
fmelling myrrh, and by the moving thereof He will afTuage your 
grief ; for the Chrift that faveth you is a fpeaking Chrift ; the 
Church knoweth Him* by His voice, and can difcern His tongue 
amongft a thoufand. I fay this to the end ye fhould not love thofe 
dumb mafks of antichriflian ceremonies, that the Church, f where 
ye are for a time, hath caft over the Chrift whom your foul 
loveth. This is to fet before you a dumb ChrLft. But when our 
Lord cometh, He fpeaketh to the heart in the fimplicity of the 

I have neither tongue nor pen to exprefs to you the happinefs of 
fuch as are in ChrLft. When ye have fold all that ye have, and 
bought the field wherein this pearl is, ye will think it no bad mar- 
ket ; for if ye be in Him, all His is yours, and ye are in Him ; 
therefore, " becaufe He liveth, ye (hall live alfo."J And what is 
that elfe, but as if the Son had faid, " I will not have heaven ex- 
cept My redeemed ones be with Me : they and I cannot live afunder. 
Abide in Me, and I in you." § O fweet communion, when Chrifi: 
and we are through other, || and are no longer two! " Father, I will 
that thofe whom Thou haft given Me be with Me where I am, to 
behold My glory that Thou haft given Me."f Amen, dear Jefus, 
let it be according to that word. I wonder that ever your heart 
fhould be caft down, if ye believe this truth. I and they are not 
worthy of Jefus Chrift, who will not fuffer forty years' trouble for 
Him, fmce they have fuch glorious promifes. But we fools believe 
thofe promifes as the man that read Plato's writings concerning the 

* Cant. ii. 8. f Epifcopal. t John xiv 19. 

§ John XV. 4 Ij Mixed up with each other. ^ John xvii. 24. 

1630.] LETTER VIL 53 

immortality of the Ibul : lb long as the book was in his hand he be- 
lieved all was true, and that the foul could not die ; but fo foon as 
he laid by the book, he began to imagine that the foul is but a fmoke 
or airy vapour, that perifheth with the expiring of the breath. So 
we at ftarts* do aflent to the fweet and precious promifes; but lay- 
ing afide God's book, we begin to call all in queftion. It is faith 
indeed, to believe without a pledge, and to hold the heart conftant 
at this work; and when we doubt, to run to the law and to the 
teftimony, and flay there. Madam, hold you here : here is your 
Father's teftament, — read it ; in it He hath left to you remiffion of 
fms and life everlafting. If all that ye have here be crofTes and 
troubles, down-caftings, frequent defertions, and departure of the 
Lord, who is fuitingf you in marriage, courage! He who is wooer 
and fuitor fhould not be an houfehold man with you till ye and He 
come up to His Father's houfe together. He purpofeth to do you 
good at your latter end, J and to give you reft from the days of ad- 
verfity.§ "It is good to bear the yoke of God in your youth." || 
" Turn in to your ftronghold as a prifoner of hope." % " For the 
vifion is for an appointed time ; but at the end it fhall fpeak, and not 
lie : though it tarry, wait for it, becaufe it will furely come, it will not 
tarry."** Hear Himfelf faying, " Come, My people" (rejoice. He 
calleth on you!), " enter thou into thy chambers, and fliut thy doors 
about thee ; hide thyfelf, as it were for a little moment, till the in- 
dignation be paft.ff Believe, then, believe and be faved; think 
not hard if ye get not your will, nor your delights in this life ; God 
will have you to rejoice in nothing but Himfelf. God forbid that 
ye ftiould rejoice in anything but in the crofs of Chrift. Jf 

Our Church, Madam, is decaying, — she is like Ephraim's cake ; 
" and grey hairs are here and there upon her, and fhe knoweth it 
not." § § She is old and grey-haired, near the grave, and no man 
taketh it to heart. Her wine is four and is corrupted. Now if 

* On occafions, fitfully. f Wooing. % Deut. viii. 16. 

§ Ps. xciv. 13. II Lam. iii. 27. ^ Zech. ix. 12. 

** Hab. ii. 3. ft Ha- xxvi. 20. XX Gal. vi. 14. 
§§ Hos. vii. 9. 

54 LETTER Fill. [163c. 

Phinehas's wife did live, ihe might travail in birth and die, to fee 
the ark of God taken, and the glory depart from our Ifrael. The 
power and life of religion is away. " Woe be to us ! for the day 
goeth away, for the fhadows of the evening are ftretched out."* 
Madam, Zion is the fhip wherein ye are carried to Canaan ; if fhe 
fuffer fhipwreck, ye will be caft overboard upon death and life, to 
fwim to land upon broken boards. It were time for us, by prayer, 
to put uponf our mafter-pilot, Jefus, and to cry, " Mafter, fave us ; 
we perifh." Grace, grace be with you. We would think it a 
blefling to our kirk to fee you here ; but our fins withhold good 
things from us. The great MefTenger of the Covenant preferve you 
in body and fpirit. 

Yours in the Lord, 

S. R. 
Anwoth, FeL I, 1630. 

VIII. — For Marion M*Naught, on occafwn of his {Mr Rutherford s) 

ivfe's illnefs. 


"l ISTRESS, — My love in Jefus Chrift remembered. I am 
1 1 in good health ; honour to my Lord -, but my wife's 

^1 difeafe increafeth daily, to her great torment and pain 
night and day. She has not been in God's houfe fince our commu- 
nion, neither out of her bed. I have hired a man to Edinburgh to 
Doctor Jeally and to John Hamilton. J I can hardly believe her 
difeafe is ordinary, for her life is bitter to her ; fhe ileeps none, but 
cries as a woman travailing in birth. What will be the event. He 
that hath the keys of the grave knoweth. I have been many times, 
fince I faw you, that I have befought the Lord to loofe her out of 

* Jer. vi. 4. t Importune. 

X Probably a relative of his wife, whofe name was Eupham Hamilton. 

1630.] LETTER IX. S5 

body, and to take her to her rell:. I believe the Lord's tide of afflic- 
tions will ebb again ; but at prefent I am exercifed with the wres- 
tlings of God, being afraid of nothing more than this, that God has 
let loofe the tempter upon my houfe. " God rebuke him and his 
inftruments." Becaufe Satan is not caft out but by fafting and 
prayer, I entreat you remember our eftate to our Lord, and entreat 
all good Chriftians whom ye know, but efpecially your paftor,* to 
do the fame. It becomes us Ml to knock, and to lie at the Lord's 
door, until we die knocking. If He will not open, it is more than 
He has faid in His word. But He is faithful. I look not to win 
away to my home without wounds and blood. Welcome, welcome 
crofs of Chrift, if Chrift be with it. I have not a calm fpirit in the 
work of my calling here, being daily chaflifed ; yet God hath not 
put out my candle, as He does to the wicked. Grace, grace be 
with you and all yours. 

Yours in the Lord, 

S. R. 

IX. — For Marion M'Naught, recommefidmg a friend to her love. 

ISTRESS,— My love in Chrift remembered. At the de- 
fire of this bearer, whom I love, I thought to requefl: 
you if ye can help his wife with your advice, for fhe is 
in a moft dangerous and deadly-like condition. For I have thought 
fhe was changed in her carriage and life, this fometime bypaft, and 
had hope that God would have brought her home ; and now, by 
appearance, fhe will depart this life, and leave a number of children 
behind her. If ye can be entreated to help her, it is a work of 
mercy. My own wife is ftill in exceeding great torment night and 

* The Rev. Mr Robert Glendinning, then minifter of Kirkcudbright. His 
grave-ftone may be feen in the churchyard. 

56 LETTER X, [1630. 

day. Pray for us, for my life was never fo wearifome to me. God 
hath filled me with gall and wormwood ; but I believe (which holds 
up my head above the water), "It is good for a man," faith the 
Spirit of God, " that he bear the yoke in his youth."* 

I do remember you. I pray you be humble and believe; and I 
entreat you in Jefus Chrift, pray for John Stuart and his wife, and 
defire your huiband to do the fame. Remember me heartily to 
Jean Brown. Defire her to pray for me and my wife : I do re- 
member her. Forget not Zion. Grace, grace upon them, and 
peace, that pray for Zion. She is the fhip we fail in to Canaan. 
If fhe be broken on a rock, we will be cafl overboard, to fwim to 
land betwixt death and life. The grace of Jefus be with your hus- 
band and children. 

Yours in Chrift, 

S. R. 


X. — For Marion M'Naught. 


— I could not get an anfwer written to your letter till 
now, in refpeft of my wife's difease ; and fhe is yet 
mightily pained. I hope that all fhall end in God's mercy. I know 
that an aiflicfted life looks very like the way that leads to the king- 
dom-, for the Apoftlef hath drawn the line and the King's market- 
way, "through much tribulation, to the kingdom." The Lord 
grant us the whole armour of God. 

Ye write to me concerning your people's difpofition, how that 
their hearts are inclined toward the man ye know, and whom ye 
defire moft earneflly yourfelf. He would moft gladly have the 

* Lam. ill. 27. t Acts xiv. 22 ; 1 Thefs. iii. 4. 

1630.] LETTER X. 57 

Lord's call for tranfplantation ; for he knows that all God's plants, 
iet by His own hand, thrive well; and if the work be of God, He 
can make a ftepping-flone of the devil himfelf for fetting forward 
the work. For yourlelf, I would advife you to afk of God a fub- 
miflive heart. Your reward fhall be with the Lord, although the 
people be not gathered (as the prophet fpeaks) ; and fuppofe the word* 
do not profper, God fhall account you *' a repairer of the breaches." 
And take Chrifl caution ,f ye Ihall not lofe your reward. Hold 
your grip J fast. If ye knew the mind of the glorified in heaven, 
they think heaven come to their hand at an eafy market, when they 
have got it for three-fcore or four-fcore years wreflling with God. 
When ye are come thither, ye fhall think, " All I did, in refpeft of 
my rich reward, now enjoyed of free grace, was too little." Now 
then, for the love of the Prince of your falvation, who is flanding at 
the end of your way, holding up in His hand the prize and the gar- 
land to the race-runners. Forward, forward, faint not. Take as 
many to heaven with you as ye are able to draw. The more ye 
draw with you, ye fhall be the welcomer yourfelf. Be no niggard 
or fparing churl of the grace of God ; and employ all your endea- 
vours for eftablifhing an honefl miniflry in your town, now when 
ye have fo few to fpeak a good word for you. I have many a 
grieved heart daily in my calling. I would be undone, if I had not 
accefs to the King's chamber of prefence, to fhow Him all the bufi- 
nefs. The devil rages, and is mad to fee the water drawn from 
his own mill; but would to God we. could be the Lord's instru- 
ments to build the Son of God's houfe. 

Pray for me. If the Lord furnilh not new timber from Lebanon 
to build the houfe, the work will ceafe. I look to Him, who hath 
begun well with me. I have His handwrite. He will not change. 
Your daughter is well, and longs for a Bible. The Lord eftablifh 
you in peace. The Lord Jefus be with your fpirit. 
Yours at all power in Chrifl: , 

S. R. 


* \^^ork ? f Security. % Firm hold. 

58 LETTER XL [1630. 

XI. — To My Lady Kenmure. 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be multiplied upon 
you. I received your Ladyfhip's letter, in the which I 
perceive your cafe in this world fmelleth of a fellow- 
fhip and communion with the Son of God in His fufFerings. Ye 
cannot, ye muft not, have a more pleafant or more eafy condition 
here, than He had, who "through afflictions was made perfect."* 
We may indeed think, Cannot God bring us to heaven with eafe 
and profperity ? Who doubteth but He can ? But His infinite 
wifdom thinketh and decreeth the contrary ; and we cannot fee a 
reafon of it, yet He hath a moft juft reafon. We never with our 
eyes faw our own foul ; yet we have a foul. We fee many rivers, 
but we know not their firft fpring and original fountain ; yet they 
have a beginning. Madam, when ye are come to the other fide of 
the water, and have fet down your foot on the fhore of glorious 
eternity, and look back again to the waters and to your wearifome 
journey, and fhall fee, in that clear glafs of endlefs glory, nearer to 
the bottom of God's wifdom, ye fhall then be forced to fay, *'If 
God had done otherwife with me than He hath done, I had never 
come to the enjoying of this crown of glory." It is your part now 
to believe, and fufFer, and hope, and wait on ; for I proteft, in the 
prefence of that all-difcerning eye, who knoweth what I write and 
what I think, that I would not want the fweet experience of the 
confolations of God for all the bitternefs of affli6rion. Nay, whether 
God come to His children with a rod or a crown, if He come 
Himfelf with it, it is well. Welcome, welcome, Jefus, what way 
foever Thou come, if we can get a fight of Thee. And lure I am, 

* Heb. ii. 10. 

1630.] LETTER XL 59 

it is better to be fick, providing Chrift come to the bed-fide and 
draw by* the curtains, and fay, "Courage, I am Thy falvation," 
than to enjoy health, being lufty and ftrong, and never to be 
vifited of God. 

Worthy and dear lady, in the ftrength of Chrifl, fight and 
overcome. Ye are now yourfelf alone, but ye may have, for the 
feeking, three always in your company, the Father, Son, and Holy 
Spirit. I truft they are near you. Ye are now deprived of the 
comfort of a lively minifiry ; fo was Ifrael in their captivity ; yet 
hear God's promife to them : " Therefore fay. Thus faith the 
Lord God, although I have caft them far ofF among the heathen, 
and although I have fcattered them among the countries, yet will I 
be to them as a little fan<5luary in the countries where they fliall 
come."f Behold a fanftuary ! for a fanftuary, God Himfelf in the 
place and room of the temple of Jerufalem ! I truft in God, that, 
carrying this temple about with you, ye fiiall fee Jehovah's beauty 
in His houfe. 

We are in great fears of a great and fearful trial to come upon 
the kirk of God ; for thefe, who would build their houfes and 
nefts upon the afhes of mourning Jerufalem, have drawn our King 
upon hard and dangerous conclufions againft fuch as are termed 
Puritans, for the rooting of them out. Our prelates (the Lord take 
the keys of His houfe from thefe baftard porters ! ) afiiire us that, for 
fuch as will not conform, ;}: there is nothing but imprifonment and 
deprivation. || The fpoufe of Jefus will ever be in the fire ; but I 
truft in my God fhe fhall not confume, becaufe of the good-will of 

* Afide. t Ezek. xi. 16. % To the Englifh fonii of religious worfhip. 

II The prelates, when the Courts of High Commiflion were eredled in 
1 6 10, were inverted with the powers of imprifoning and depriving Nonconfor- 
mifts. Nor had the bifhops failed, previous to the date of this letter, to exer- 
cife the exorbitant power thus granted them over the bodies and goods of 
loyal fubjedts, not a few minifters having been deprived, imprifoned, and 
banifhed by the Courts of High Commiflion fimply for their nonconformity. 
In a paper entitled **The Grievances of the Minifters and other Profeflbrs 
given in by fome in their name to his Majefty, or to the Eftates," foon after 
Charles I. afcended the throne, it is complained, ''That the bifliops, not being 

6o LETTER XL [1630. 

Him who dwelleth in the Bufh ; for He dwelleth in it with good- 
will. All forts of crying fins without controlment abound in our 
land. The glory of the Lord is departing from Ifrael, and the 
Lord is looking back over His Ihoulder, to fee if any one will fay, 
" Lord, tarry," and no man requefleth Him to flay. Corrupt and 
falfe doftrine is openly preached by the idol-{hepherds of the land. 
For myfelf, I have daily griefs, through the difobedience unto, and 
contempt of, the word of God. I was fummoned before the High 
CommifTion by a profligate perfon in this pariih, convifted of incefl. 
In the bufmefs, Mr Alexander Colvill* (for refpecTt to your Lady- 
fhip) was my great friend, and wrote a moft kind letter to me. 
The Lord give him mercy in that day. Upon the day of my 
compearance, the fea and winds refufed to give paflage to the Biihop 
of St Andrews.f I entreat your Ladyfhip, thank Mr Alexander 
Colvill with two lines of a letter. 

My wife now, after long difeafe and torment, for the fpace of a 
year and a month, is departed this life. The Lord hath done it ; 
blefl^ed be His name. I have been difeafed of a fever tertian for 
the fpace of thirteen weeks, and am yet in the ficknefs, fo that I 
preach but once on the Sabbath with great difficulty. I am not 
able either to vifit or examine the congregation. The Lord Jefus 
be with your fpirit. 

Your Ladyfhip at all obedience, 

S. R. 

Anwoth, z6th June J 1630. 

content with the titles and benefices of bifhopricks, encroached, againft their 
own proteftations and promife, upon the jurifdidion ecclefiaftical, in accepting, 
or rather procuring, power and comminion from his Majefty to fine, confine, 
decern upon fi.ifpenfion, depofition, deprivation of minifters, and excommuni- 
cation of whatfoever fubjedts ; and that they have removed worthy men of the 
miniftry from their calling for no other caufe but refufal of conformity to fome 
ceremonies unknown till of late to our Kirk. — Scots Apologet. Narrati've^ pp. 

32i, 324- 

* One of the judges. f Archbilhop Spottifwoode. 

1630.] LETTER XI I. 61 

XII. — For Marion M'Naught. 


the Lord Jefus remembered. I underfland that you 
are ftill under the Lord's vifitation, in your former 
bufniels with your enemies, which is God's dealing. For, till He 
take His children out of the furnace that knoweth how long they 
Ihould be tried, there is no deliverance ; but after God's highefl 
and fulleft tide, that the fea of trouble is gone over the fouls of His 
children, then comes the gracious, long-hoped-for ebbing and dry- 
ing up of the waters. Dear fifter, do not faint ; the wicked may 
hold the bitter cup to your head, but God mixeth it, and there is 
no poifon in it. They flrike, but God moves the rod ; Shimei 
curfeth, but it is becaufe the Lord bids Him. I tell you, and I 
have it from Him before whom I ftand for God's people, that there 
is a decreet* ^ven out, in the great court of the higheft heavens, 
that your prefent troubles fhall be difperfed as the morning cloud, 
and God fhall bring forth your righteoufnefs, as the light of the 
noon-tide of the day. Let me intreat you, in Chrifl's name, to 
keep a good confcience in your proceedings in that matter, and 
beware of yourfelf : yourfelf is a more dangerous enemy than I, or 
any without you. Innocence and an upright caufe is a good advo- 
cate before God, and fhall plead for you, and win your caufe. And 
count much of your Matter's approbation and His fmiling. He is 
now as the king that is gone to a far country. God feems to be 
from home (if I may fay fo), yet He fees the ill fervants, who fay, 
" Our Matter deferreth His coming," and fo ttrike their fellow- 
fervants. But patience, my beloved ; Chritt the King is coming 
home ; the evening is at hand, and He will afk an account of His 

* Sentence. 

62 LETTER XII. [1630. 

fervants. Make a fair, clear count to Him. So carry yourfelf, as 
at night you may fay, Mafler, I have wronged none ; behold, you 
have your own with advantage. O ! your foul then will efleem 
much of one of God's kiffes and embracements, in the teftimony of 
a good confcience. The wicked, howbeit they be cafting many evil 
thoughts, bitter words, and fmful deeds behind their back, yet they 
are, in fo doing, clerks to their own procefs, and doing nothing all 
their life but gathering dittayes* againft themfelves ; for God is 
angry at the wicked every day. And I hope your prefent procefs 
fhall be fightedf one day by Him, who knoweth your juft caufe ; 
and the bloody tongues, crafty foxes, double ingrained hypocrites, 
fhall appear as they are before His majefty, when He fhall take the 
malk off their faces. And O, thrice happy fhall your foul be then, 
when God finds you covered with nothing but the white robe of 
the faints' innocence, and the righteoufnefs of Jefus Chrifl. 

You have been of late in the King's wine-cellar, where you were 
welcomed by the Lord of the inn, upon condition that you would 
walk in love. Put on love, and brotherly kindnefs, and long-fufFer- 
ing ; wait as long upon the favour and turned hearts of your ene- 
mies as your Chrift waited upon you, and as dear Jefus flood at 
your foul's door, with dewy and rainy locks, the long cold night. 
Be angry, but fm not. I perfuade myfelf, that holy un6lion within 
you, which teacheth you all things, is alfo faying, " Overcome evil 
with good." If that had not fpoken in your foul, at the tears of 
your aged paflor, you would not have agreed, and forgiven his 
foolifh fon, who wronged you ; but my Mafter bade me tell you, 
God's blefling fhall be upon you for it ; and from Him I fay, Grace^ 
grace, grace, and everlafting peace be upon you. It is my prayer 
for you, that your carriage may grace and adorn the Gofpel of that 
Lord who hath graced you. I heard your hufband alfo was fick ; 
but I befeech you in the bowels of Jefus, welcome every rod of 
God, for I find not in the whole book of God a greater note of 
the child of God, than to fall down and kifs the feet of an angry 

* Indicftments. t Narrowly infpeded. 

1630.] LETTER XII. 63 

God ; and when He ieems to put you away from Him, and looie 
your hands that grip* Him, to look up in faith, and fay, ''I fhall 
not, I will not, be put away from Thee. Howbeit Thy Majefty 
draw to free Thyfelf of me, yet. Lord, give me leave to hold, and 
cleave unto Thyfelf." I will pray, that your hulband may return 
in peace. Your decreet comes from heaven ; look up thither, for 
many (fays Solomon) feek the face of the ruler, but every man's 
judgment cometh of the Lord. And be glad that it is fo, for Chrifl 
is the clerk of your procefs, and will fee that all go right ; and I 
perfuade myfelf He is faying, *' Yonder fervants of Mine are 
wronged ; for My blood. Father, give them juftice." Think you 
not, dear filler, but our High Prieft, our Jefus, the Mafter of 
requefts, prefents our bills of complaint to the great Lord Juflice ? 
Yea, I believe it, fince He is our Advocate, and Daniel calls Him 
the Spokefman, whofe hand prefents all to the Father. 

For other bufinefs, I fay nothing, while f the Lord give me to 
fee your face. I am credibly informed, that multitudes of England, 
and efpecially worthy preachers, and filenced preachers of London, 
are gone to New England ; and I know one learned holy preacher, 
who hath written againfl the Arminians, who is gone thither.J 
Our blelTed Lord Jefus, who cannot get leave to fleep with His 

* Grafp, hold firm. t Till. 

% The emigration of thefe preachers and of multitudes of the people to 
New England was the confequence of the perfecuting meafures purfued by 
Archbifhop Laud for enforcing conformity, in the profecution of his favourite 
fcheme of bringing the Church of England as near to that of Rome as could 
confort with his own fupremacy and that of his fovereign. Aflfeded with the 
conftant perfecution of their party, and the reduftion of their families to beg- 
gary, without any profpedt of deliverance, Meflrs Higginfon and Skelton, 
with about three hundred and fifty private perfons, retired to America, and 
fettled in the MafTachufetts Bay, as their friends had formerly done at Ply- 
mouth. After landing, they entered into a folemn covenant to walk together 
in the fear of the Lord and in church-fellowfhip with one another. About 
feventy minifters and four thoufand planters are faid to have retired to that 
continent from the tyrannical rage of Laud and his agents. — Browns Brhijh 
Churches^ vol. i., pp. 215-217. 

64 LETTER XIL [1630. 

fpoufe in this land, is going to feek an inn where He will be better 
entertained. And what marvel ? Wearied Jefus, after He had 
travelled from Geneva, by the miniftry of worthy Mr Knox, and 
was laid down in His bed, and reformation begun, and the curtains 
drawn, had not gotten His dear eyes well together, when irreverent 
bifhops came in, and with the din and noife of ceremonies, holy 
days, and other Romifh corruptions, they awake our Beloved 
Others came to His bed-fide, and drew the curtains, and put hands 
on His fervants, bani{hed, deprived, and confined them ; and for the 
pulpit they got a ftool and a cold fire in the Blacknefs ; * and the 
nobility drew the covering off Him, and have made Him a poor 
naked Chrifl, in fpoiling His fervant of the tithes and kirk- 
rents. And now there is fuch a noife of crying fins in the land, as 
the want of the knowledge of God, of mercy, and truth ; fuch 
fwearing, whoring, lying, and blood touching blood ; that Chrift 
is putting on His clothes, and. making Him,f like an ill-handled 
firanger, to go to other lands. Pray Him, fifier, to lie down again 
with His beloved. 

Remember my deareft love to John Gordon, to whom I will 
write when I am ftrong, and to John Brown, Grifiel, Samuel, and 
William ; grace be upon them. As you love Chrift, keep Chrifi:'s 
favour, and put not upon Him when He fleeps, to awake Him 
before He pleafe. The Lord Jefus be with your ipirit. 
Your brother in Chrift, 

S. R. 

AnWOTH, July 21, 1630. 

* Blacknefs Caftle, on the Forth, was ufed as a prifon. 

fin the fenfe of appearing as if He would go ; Luke xxiv. 28. 


1 63 1.] LETTER XII I. 6^ 

XIII. — For Marion M'Naught, luhen expofed to reproach for her 



ELL-BELOVED SISTER,— I have been thinking, fince 
my departure from you, of the pride and malice of your 
adverfaries; and ye may not (fnice ye have had the 
Book of Pfalms fo often) take hardly with this; for David's enemies 
fnufFed at him, and through the pride of their heart faid, " The Lord 
will not require it."* I befeech you, therefore, in the bowels of 
Jefus, fet before your eyes the patience of your forerunner Jefus, 
who, when He was reviled, reviled not again ; when He fuiFered, He 
threatened not, but committed Himfelf to Him who judgeth right- 
eoufly.f And fmce your Lord and Redeemer with patience re- 
ceived many a black ftroke on His glorious back, and many a buffet 
of the unbelieving world, and fays of Himfelf, " I gave My back to 
the fmiters, and My cheeks to them that plucked off the hair ; I 
hid not My face from fhame and fpitting ;":[: follow Him, and think 
it not hard that you receive a blow with your Lord. Take part 
with Jefus of His fufFerings, and glory in the marks of Christ. If 
this florm were over, you muft prepare yourfelf for a new wound ; 
for, five thoufand years ago, our Lord proclaimed deadly war be- 
twixt the Seed of the Woman and the feed of the ferpent. And 
marvel not that one town cannot keep the children of God and the 
children of the devil, for one belly could not keep Jacob and Efau ; § 
one houfe could not keep peaceably together Ifaac, the fon of the 
promife, and Ifhmael, |1 the fon of the handmaid. Be you upon 
Chrift's fide of it, and care not what flefh can do. Hold yourfelf 
faft by your Saviour, howbeit you be buffeted, and thofe that fol- 
low Him. Yet a little while and the wicked fhall not be. " We 

* Ps. X. 13. t I Pet. ii. 23. t Ifa. 1. 6. 

§ Gen. XXV. 22. |j Gen. xxi. 10. 

VOL. 1. E- 

66 LETTER XIII. [163 1. 

are troubled on every fide, yet not diflrefled ; we are perplexed, 
but not in defpair ; perfecuted, but not forfaken ; caft down, but 
not deftroyed."* If you can polTefs your foul in patience, their day 
is coming. Worthy and dear fifter, know to carry yourfelf in 
trouble ; and when you are hated and reproached, the Lord fhows 
it to you — " All this is come upon us, yet have we not forgotten 
Thee, neither have we dealt falfely in Thy covenant." f ** Unlefs 
Thy law had been my delight, I had perifhed in mine aifliftion."J 
Keep God's covenant in your trials. Hold you by His blefTed word, 
and fm not. Flee anger, wrath, grudging, envying, fretting. For- 
give an hundred pence to your fellow-fervant, becaufe your Lord 
hath forgiven you ten thoufand talents. For I afTure you by the 
Lord, your adverfaries fhall get no advantage againft you, except 
you fm, and offend your Lord in your fufferings. But the way to 
overcome is by patience, forgiving and praying for your enemies, in 
doing whereof you heap coals upon their heads, and your Lord 
fhall open a door to you in your troubles. Wait upon Him, as the 
night watch waiteth for the morning. He will not tarry. Go up 
to your watch-tower, and come not down ; but by prayer, and faith, 
and hope, wait on. When the fea is full, it will ebb again ; and fo 
foon as the wicked are come to the top of their pride, and are 
waxed high and mighty, then is their change approaching. They 
that believe make not hafte. 

Remember Zion, forget her not, for her enemies are many; for 
the nations are gathered together againfl: her. ''But they know not 
the thoughts of the Lord, neither underftand they His counfel : for 
He fhall gather them as the fheaves into the floor. Arife and threfh, 
O daughter of Zion." § Behold, God hath gathered His enemies to- 
gether, as fheaves to the threfhing. Let us ftay and refl upon thefe 
promifes. Now, again, I trufl in our Lord you fhall by faith fus- 
tain yourfelf, and comfort yourfelf in your Lord, and be ftrong in 
His power ; for you are in the beaten and common way to heaven 

* 2 Cor. iv. 8, 9. t Ps. xl'.v. 17. 

t Ps. cxix. 92. § Micah iv. 12, 13. 

1631.] LETTER XIV. 67 

when you are under our Lord's crofTes. You have reafon to re- 
joice in it, more than in a crown of gold ; and rejoice, and be glad 
to bear the reproaches of Chrifl. I reft, recommending you and 
yours for ever to the grace and mercy of God. 
Yours in Chrift, 

S. R. 

AnwOTH, Feb. II, 1 63 1. 

XIV. — For Marion M'Naught, in the profpeEl of a Communion 



lELL-BELOVED IN THE LORD,— You are not un- 
acquainted with the day of our Communion.* I entreat, 
therefore, the aid of your prayers for that great work, 
which is one of our feafl-days, wherein our Well-beloved Jefus re- 
joiceth, and is merry with His friends. 

Good caufe have we to wonder at His love, fmce the day of 
His death was fuch a forrowful day to Him, even the day when 
His mother, the kirk, crowned Him with thorns, and He had many 
againft Him, and compeared His lonef in the fields againft them 
all ; yet He delights with us to remember that day. Let us love 
Him, and be glad and rejoice in His falvation. I am confident that 
you fhall fee the Son of God that day, and I dare in His name invite 
you to His banquet. Many a time you have been well entertained in 
His houfe ; and He changes not upon His friends, nor chides them 
for too great kindnefs. Yet I fpeak not this to make you leave ofF 
to pray for me, who have nothing of myfelf, but in fo far as daily 
I receive from Him, who is made of His Father a running-over 
fountain, at which I and others may come with thirfly fouls, and 

* The difpenfation of the Lord's Supper. 

68 LETTER XIV, [163 1. 

fill our veflels. Long hath this well been ftanding open to us. 
Lord Jefus, lock it not up again upon us. I am forry for our defo- 
late kirk ; yet I dare not but truft, fo long as there be any of God's 
loft money here He fhall not blow out the candle. The Lord 
make fair candlefticks in His houfe, and remove the blind lights. 

I have been this time bypaft * thinkiog much of the incoming of 
the kirk of the Jews. Pray for them. When they were in their 
Lord's houfe, at their Father's elbow, they were longing for the in- 
coming of their little filler, the kirk of the Gentiles. They faid 
to their Lord, " We have a little fifter, and flie hath no breafls : 
what fhall we do for our fifter in the day when fhe fhall be fpoken 
for?"f Let us give them a meeting. What fhall we do for our 
elder fifter, the Jews ? Lord Jefus, give them breafls. That were 
a glad day to fee us and them both fit down to one table, and 
Chrifl at the head of the table. Then would our Lord come fhortly 
with his fair guard to hold His great court. 

Dear fifler, be patient, for the Lord's fake, under the wrongs 
that you fufPer of the wicked. Your Lord fhall make you fee your 
defire on your enemies. Some of them fhall be cut off; " they 
fhall fhake off their unripe grapes as the vine, and caft off their 
flower as the olive : "J God fhall make them like unripe four grapes, 
fhaken off the tree with the blaft of God's wrath ; and therefore 
pity them, and pray for them. Others of them mufl remain to 
exercife you. God hath faid of them, Let the tares grow up until 
harvefl:.§ It proves you to be your Lord's wheat. Be patient ; 
Chrift went to heaven with many a wrong. His vifage and counte- 
nance was all marred more than the fons of men. You may not 
be above your Mafler ; many a black ftroke received innocent 
Jefus, and He received no mends, || but referred them all to the 
great court-day, when all things fhall be righted. I defire to hear 
from you within a day or two, if Mr Robert remain in his purpofe to 
come and help us. God fhall give you joy of your children. I pray 

* For fome time of late. f Cant. viii. 8. % Job xv. 33. 

§ Matt. xiii. 30. Il Reparation. 

1 63 1.] LETTER XV. 69 

for them by their names. I blefs you from our Lord, your hufband 
and children. Grace, grace, and mercy be multiplied upon you. 
Yours in the Lord for ever, 

S. R. 

Anvvoth, May 7, 163 1. 

XV. — For Marion M^Naught, on occafton of the threatened intro- 
duEi'ion of the Epifcopalian Service-Book, 


ELL-BELOVED SISTER,— My love in Chrifl re- 
membered. I have received a letter from Edinburgh, 
certainly informing me that the Engliih fervice, and the 
organs, and King James' Pfalms, are to be impofed upon our kirk ; 
and that the bifhops are dealing for a General AiTembly. A. R. 
hath confirmed the news alfo, and fays he fpoke with Sir William 
Alexander,* who is to come down with his prince's warrant for 
that efFedf . I am defired in the received letter to acquaint the befl- 
afFe<fled about me with that ftorm : therefore I intreat you, and 
charge you in the Lord's name, pray ; but do not communicate this 
to any till I fee you. My heart is broken at the remembrance of 
it, and it was my fear, and anfwereth to my laft letter except one, 
that I wrote unto you. Dearly beloved, be not caften down, but 
let us, as our Lord's doves, take us to our wings (for other armour 
we have none), and flee into the hole of the rock. It is true A. R. 
fays, the worthiefl: men in England are baniflied, and filenced, about 
the number of fixteen or feventeen choice Gofpel preachers, and the 
perfecution is already begun. Howbeit I do not write this unto you 
with a dry face, yet I am confident in the Lord's ftrength, Chrifl 
and His fide fhall overcome ; and you fhall be afTured ; the kirk were 
not a kirk, if it were not fo. As our dear Hufband, in wooing 
His kirk, received many a black flroke, fo His bride, in wooing Him, 

* Sir W. Alexander of Menftrie, afterwards Earl of Stirling. 

70 LETTER XV. [1631. 

gets many blows, and in this wooing there are ilrokes upon both 
fides. Let it be lb. The devil will not make the marriage go back, 
neither can he tear the contraft ; the end jfhall be mercy. Yet 
notwithflanding of all this, we have no warrant of God to leave off 
all lawful means. I have been writing unto you the counfels and 
draughts* of men againft the kirk -, but they know not, as Micah 
fays, the counfel of Jehovah. The great men of the world may 
make ready the fiery furnace for Zion ; but trow ye that they can 
caufe the fire to burn ? No. He that made the fire, I trufi, fhall 
not fay amen to their decreets. I trufi: in my Lord, that God hath 
not fubfcribed their bill, and their conclufions have not yet palfed 
our great King's feal. Therefore, if ye think good, addrefs yourfelf 
firft to the Lord, and then to A. R., anent the bufmefs that you know. 

I am mofl unkindly handled by the prefbytery-, and (as if I had 
been a firanger, and not a member of that feat, to fit in judgment 
with them) I was fummoned by their order as a witnefs againfl B. A. 
But they have got no advantage in that matter. Other particulars 
you fhall hear, God willing, at meeting. 

Anent the matter betwixt you and L E., I remember it to God. 
I intreat you in the Lord, be fubmiilive to His will ; for the higher 
that their pride mounts up, they are the nearer to a fall. The Lord 
will more and more difcover that man. Let your hufband, in all 
matters of judgment, take Chrifi's part, for the defence of the poor 
and needy, and the opprelfed, for the maintenance of equity and 
juftice in the town. And take you no fear. He fhall take your part, 
and then you are firong enough. What ? Howbeit you receive 
indignities for your Lord's fake, let it be fo. When He fhall put His 
holy hand up to your face in heaven, and dry your face, and wipe 
the tears from your eyes, judge ye if you will not have caufe then 
to rejoice. Anent other particulars, if you would fpeak with me, 
appoint any of the firft three days of the next week in Carletoun,f 

* What men draw up in forming plans. 

t Carleton, in Galloway (see note at Let. 157), not far from Anwoth, 
where Mr Fullerton, a true friend, refided. 

1631.] LETTER XV I. 71 

when Carletoun is at home, and acquaint me with your defires. 
And remember me to God, and my deareft affedion to your hus- 
band ; and for Zion's fake hold not your peace. The grace of our 
Lord Jefus Chrift be with you, and your hufband and children. 
Yours in the Lord, 

S. R. 

Anwoth, June a, 163 1. 

XVL — For Marion M'Naught, ofj occajion of a propofal to remove 
him from Anwoth, 



fORTHY AND DEAR MISTRESS,— My deareft love 
in Chrifl remembered. As to the bufmefs which I 
know you would fo fain have taken efFedl,* my earneft 
defire is, that you ftand ftill. Hafle not, and you fhall fee the falva- 
tion of God. The great Mafter Gardener, the Father of our Lord 
Jefus Chrift, in a wonderful providence, with His own hand (I dare, 
if it were for edification, fwear it), planted me here,f where, by His 
grace, in this part of His vineyard, I grow. — I dare not fay but 
Satan and the world (one of his pages whom he fends his errands) 
have faid otherwife. And here I will abide till the great Mafier 
of the Vineyard think fit to tranfplant me. But when He fees meet 
to loofe me at the root, and to plant me where I may be more 
ufeful, both as to fruit and fhadow, and when He who planted 
pulleth up that He may tranfplant, who dare put to their hand and 
hinder ? If they do, God fhall break their arm at the ihoulder 
blade, and do His turn. When our Lord is going weft, the devil 
and worjd go eaft ; and do you not know that it hath been ever 
this way betwixt God and the world — God drawing, and they 

* So defire to fee accomplifhed. . f At Anwoth. 

72 ^ LETTER XVL [163 1. 

holding, God " yea," and the world " nay?" But they fall on their 
back and are fruftrate, and our Lord holdeth His grip.* 

Wherefore doth the word fay, that our Chrift, the Goodman of 
this houfe, His dear kirk, hath feet like fine brafs, as if they burned 
in a furnace ?f For no other caufe but becaufe where our Lord 
fetteth down His brazen feet, He will forward ; and whitherfoever 
He looketh. He will follow His look ; and His feet burn all under 
them, like as fire doth ftubble and thorns. I think He hath now 
given the world a proof of His exceeding great power, when He 
is doing fuch great things, wherein Zion is concerned, by the fword 
of the Swedifh king, J as of a Gideon. As you love the glory of 
God, pray inflantly § (yea engage all your praying acquaintance, and 
take their faithful promife to do the like) for this king, and every 
one that Zion's King armeth, to execute the written vengeance on 
Babylon. Our Lord hath begun to loofe fome of Babylon's corner- 
fiones. Pray to Him to hold on, for that city muft fall, and the 
birds of the air and the beafis of the earth muft make a banquet 
of Babylon ; for He hath invited them to eat the flefh of that 
whore, and to drink her blood. And the cup of the Lord's right 
hand fhall be turned unto her, and fhameful fpewing fhall be upon 
her glory. He whofe word muft ftand hath liiid, " Take this cup 
at the hand of the Lord, and drink and be drunken, and fpew, and 
fall, and rife no more." || Our Jefus is fetting up Himfelf, as His 
Father's enfign, ^ as God's fair white colours, that His soldiers may 
all flock about Him. Long, long may thefe colours ftand. It is 
long fince He difplayed a banner againft Babylon in the fight 
of men and angels. Let us rejoice and triumph in our God. 
The victory is certain ; for when Chrift and Babel wreftle, then 
angels and faints may prepare themfelves to fing, "Babylon the great 
is fallen, is fallen." Howbeit that Prince of renown, precious Jefus, 
be now weeping and bleeding in His members, yet Chrift will laugh 
again ; and it is time enough for us to laugh, when our Lord Chrift 

* Firm grafp. f Rev. i. 15. % Guftavus Adolphus. 

§ Eameftly. || Jer. xxv. 27. 1 I fa. xi. 10. 

1 63 1.] LETTER XV I. 73 

laugheth, — and that will be ihortly. For when we hear of wars and 
rumours of wars, the Judge's feet are then before the door, and He 
muft be in heaven giving order to the angels to make themfelves 
ready, and prepare their hooks* and fickles for that great harveft. 
Chrift will be upon us in hafte ; watch but a little, and ere long the 
ikies will rive,f and that fair lovely perfon, Jefus, ihall come in the 
clouds, freighted and loaded with glory. And then all thefe knaves 
and foxes that deftroyed the vines fhall call to the hills, and cry to 
the mountains to cover them, and hide them from the face of Him 
who fitteth upon the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb. 

Remember me to your huiband, and defire him from me to 
help Chrift, and to take His part, and in judgment fit ever befide 
Him, and receive a blow patiently for His fake ; for He is worthy 
to be fuffered for, not only to blows, but alfo to blood. He fhall 
find that innocency and uprightnefs in judgment fhall hold its feet 
and make him happy, when joukingj will not do it. I fpeak this 
becaufe a perfon faid to me, " I pray God the country be not in 
worfe cafe now, when the provofl and bailies are agreed, than for- 
merly," — to whom I replied, "I truft the provofl is agreed with 
the man's perfon, but not with his faults." I pray for you, with 
my whole foul and defire, that your children may walk in the 
truth, and that the Lord may fhine upon them, and make their 
faces to fhine, when the faces of others fhall blufh. I dare promife 
them, in His name, whofe truth I preach, if they will but try God's 
fervice, that they fhall find Him the fweetefl Mafter that ever they 
ferved. And defire them from me but to try for a while the 
fervice of this bleffed Mafler, and then, if His fervice be not fweet, 
if it afford not what is pleafant to the foul's tafle, change Him upon 
trial, and feek a better. Chrifi is an unknown Chrifl to young 
ones ; and therefore they feek Him not, becaufe they know Him 
not. Bid them come and fee, and feek a kifs of His mouth -, and 
then they will find His mouth is fo fweet, that they will be ever- 

* Reaping-hooks. f Rend. 

X DifTembling ; properly, inclining the body forward to avoid a blow. 

74 LETTER XVIL [1631. 

laftingly chained unto Him by their own confent. If I have any 
credit with your children, I entreat them in Chrifl's name to try 
what truth and reality is in what I fay, and leave not His fervice 
till they have found me a liar. I give you, your hulband, and 
them, to His keeping, to whom I have,* and dare venture myfelf 
and foul, even to our dear Friend Jefus Chrifl, in whom I am. 

Anwoth. S. R. 

XVII. — For Marion M'Naught, luhen in dijlrefs as to profpeBs of 

the Church. 


ELL-BELOVED SISTER,— My dearefl love in Chrift 
remembered to you. Know that I am in great heavi- 
nefs for the pitiful cafe of our Lord's kirk. I hear the 
caufe why Dr Burton f is committed to prifon is his writing and 
preaching againft the Arminians. I therefore entreat the aid of 
your prayers for myfelf, and the Lord's captives of hope, and for 
Zion. The Lord hath let and daily lets me fee clearly, how deep 
furrows Arminianifm and the followers of it fhall draw upon the 
back of God's Ifrael (but our Lord cut the cords of the wicked !) ; 
" Zion faid, The Lord hath forfaken me, and my Lord hath for- 
gotten me." J " Zion weepeth fore in the night, and her tears are 
upon her cheeks ; amongft all her lovers fhe hath none to comfort 
her : all her friends have dealt treacheroufly with her ; they are be- 
come her enemies." § "Our filver is become drofs, our wine 
mixed with water." |1 " How is the gold become dim ! how is the 
moft fine gold changed ! the flones of the fanftuary are poured out 

* To whom I have given , and dare venture to give. 

t He refers to the cafe of Henry Burton^ an able divine of the Church of 
England, who wrote feveral vigorous pieces against Popery, and againft Mon- 
tagu's ^* Appello Caefarem." See Brook's ** Lives of the Puritans." 

X Ifa. xlix. 14. § Lam. i. 2. || Ifa. i. 22. 

1631.] LETTER XVIL 75 

in the top of every flreet. The precious fons of Zion, comparable 
to fine gold, how are they efleemed as earthen pitchers, the work 
of the hands of the potter ! " * It is time now for the Lord's fecret 
ones, who favour the duft of Zion, to cry, "How long, Lord?" 
and to go up to their watch-tower, and to ftay there, and not to 
come down until the vifion fpeak ; for it fhall fpeak.f Li the mean 
time, the juft fhall live by faith. Let us wait on and not weary. I 
have not a thread to hang upon and reft, but this one, " Can a 
woman forget her fucking child, that fhe fhould not have com- 
paiTion on the fon of her womb ^ Yea, fhe may forget, yet will I 
not forget thee. Behold, I have graven thee upon the palms of My 
hands ; Thy walls are continually before Me." J For all outward 
helps do fail ; it is time therefore for us to hang ourfelves, as our 
Lord's vefTels, upon the nail that is faflened in a fure place. We 
would make flakes of our own faflening, but they will break. Our 
Lord will have Zion on His own nail. Edom is bufy within us, 
and Babel without us, againft the handful of Jacob's feed. It were 
beft that we were upon Chrift's fide of it, for His enemies will get 
the Jlalh to keep, § as the proverb is. Our greateft difficulty will 
be to win upon the rock now, when the wind and waves of perfe- 
cution are fo lofty and proud. Let fweet Jefus take us by the 
hand. Neither muft we think that it will be otherwife ; for it is told 
to the fouls under the altar, "That their fellow-fervants muff be 
killed as they were." |1 Surely, it cannot be long to the day. Nay, 
hear Him fay, " Behold, I come, My dear bride ; think not long. ^ 
I fhall be at you at once. I hear you, and am coming." Amen ; 
even fo come, Lord Jefus, come quickly ; for the prifoners of hope 
are looking out at the prifon windows, to fee if they can behold the 
King's ambaffador coming with the IGng's warrant and the keys. 
I write not to you by guefs now, becaufe I have a warrant to fay 
unto you, the garments of Chriff's fpoufe muft be once again dyed 

* Lam. iv. i, 2. f Hab. ii. 3. + lia. xlix. 15, 16. 

§ Nothing but the ftalks ; none of the grain or fruit. 

II Rev. vi. II. ^ To think long, is to long wearily for. 

LETTER XVIII. [163 1. 

in blood, as long ago her Hufband's were. But our Father fees His 

bleeding Son. What I write unto you, fhow it to I. G. Grace, 

grace, grace and mercy be with you, your hufband, and children. 

Yours in the Lord, 

Anwoth. S. R. 

XVIII. — For Marion M'Naught, in the profpeSl of a Communion 



ISTRESS, — My love in Chrifl as remembered. Our 
Communion is on Sabbath come * eight days. I will 
entreat you to recommend it to God, and to pray for 
me in that work. I have more fms upon me now than the lafl 
time. Therefore I will befeech you in Chrifl, feek this petition to 
me from God, that the Lord would ^ve me grace to vow and 
perform new obedience. I have caufe to fuitef this of you ; and 
Ihow it to Thomas Carfon, Fergus and Jean Brown, for I have 
been and am exceedingly caft down, and am fighting againfl a 
malicious devil, of whom I can win little ground. I would think a 
fpoil plucked from him, and his trufly fervant fm, a lawful and juft 
conqueft. And it were no fm to take from him, in the name of the 
Goodman of our houfe, our King Jefus. I invite you to the 
banquet. He faith, ye Ihall be dearly welcome to Him. And I 
defire to believe (howbeit not without great fear) He fhall be as 
hearty in His own houfe as He has been before. For me, it is but 
fmall reckoning ; but I would fain have our Father and Lord to 
break the great fair loaf, Chrift, and to diftribute His flain Son 
amongft the bairns J of His houfe. And that if any were a flep- 
bairn, in refpeft of comfort and fenfe, it were rather myfelf than 
His poor bairns.J Therefore bid our Well-beloved come to His 
garden and feed among the lilies. 

* Sabbath that comes eight days after this. 

t Urge this requeft. J Children. 

1631.] LETTER XIX. 77 

And as concerning Zion, I hope our Lord, who fent His angel* 
with a meaiuring line in his hand to meafure the length and breadth 
of Jerufalem, in token He would not want a foot length or inch of 
His own free heritage, fhall take order f with thofe who have taken 
away many acres of His own land from Him. And God will 
build Jerufalem in the old fled J and place where it was before. In 
this hope rejoice and be glad. Chrift's garment was not dipt in 
blood for nothing, but for His bride, whom He bought with 
ftrokes. I will defire you to remember my old fuits to God, 
God's glory and the increafe of light, that I dry not up. For 
your town, hope and believe that the Lord will gather in His loofe 
(heaves among you to His barn, and fend one with a well-toothed, 
(harp hook, and ftrong gardies, § to reap His harveft. And the 
Lord Jefus be Hufbandman, and overfee the growing. Remem- 
ber my love to your hufband and to Samuel. Grace upon you 
and your children. Lord, make them corner-ftones in Jerufalem, 
and give them grace in their youth to take band|| with the fair 
Chief Corner-ftone, who was hewed out of the mountain without 
hands, and got many a knock with His Father's forehammer, and 
endured them all, and the flone did neither cleave nor break. 
Upon that flone make your foul to lie. Kng Jefus be with your fpirit. 
Your friend in his well-beloved Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

XIX. — To my Lady Kenmure. 


ADAM, — Having faluted you in the Lord Jefus, I thought 
it my duty, having the occafion of this bearer, to write 
again unto your Ladyfhip, though I have no new pur- 

* Zech. ii. 1,2. f Take meafures, — an old Englifh phrafe. 

X Situation, or lite. § Arms; fi-om the Gaelic ^^ gairdean^" an arm. 

II To unite themfelves to ; q.d., bind together. 

78 LETTER XIX. [1631. 

pofe but what I wrote of before. Yet ye cannot be too often 
awakened to go forward towards your city, fince your way is long, 
and (for anything ye know) your day is fhort. And your Lord re- 
quireth of you, as ye advance in years and fteal forward infenfibly 
towards eternity, that your faith may grow and ripen for the Lord's 
harvefl. For the great Hufbandman giveth a feafon to His fruits that 
they may come to maturity, and having gotten their fill of the tree, 
they may then be fhaken and gathered in for ufe ; whereas the 
wicked rot upon the tree, and their branch fhall not be green, '' He 
fhall fhake off his unripe grape as the vine, and fhall caft off his 
flower as the olive."* It is God's mercy to you, Madam, that 
He giveth you your fill, even to loathing, of this bitter world, that 
ye may willingly leave it, and, like a full and fatisfied banqueter, 
long for the drawing of the table. And at laft, having trampled 
under your feet all the rotten pleafures that are under fun and 
moon, and having rejoiced as though ye rejoiced not, and having 
bought as though ye poflefled not,f ye may, like an old crazy fhip, 
arrive at our Lord's harbour, and be made welcome, as one of thofe 
who have ever had one foot loofe from the earth, longing for that 
place where your foul fhall feail: and banquet for ever and ever 
upon a glorious fight of the incomprehenfible Trinity, and where 
ye fhall fee the fair face of the man Chrifi, even the beautiful face 
that was once for your caufe more marred than any of the vifages 
of the fons of men, J and was all covered with fpitting and blood. 
Be content to wade through the waters betwixt you and glory with 
Him, holding His hand faft, for He knoweth all the fords. How- 
beit ye may be ducked, but ye cannot drown, being in His com- 
pany; and ye may all the way to glory fee the way bedewed with 
His blood who is the Forerunner. Be not afraid, therefore, when 
ye come even to the black and fwelling river of death, to put in 
your foot and wade after Him. The current, how ftrong foever, 
cannot carry you down the water to hell : the Son of God, His 
death and refurre6lion, are ftepping-fiiones and a ftay to you ; set 

* Job XV. ^2,' t I Cor. vii. 30. % Ifa. lii. 14. 

1 63 1.] LETTER XIX. 79 

down your feet by faith upon thefe flones, and go through as on 
dry land. If ye knew what He is preparing for you, ye would be 
too glad. He will not (it may be) give you a full draught till you 
come up to the well-head and drink, yea, drink abundantly, of the 
pure river of the water of life, that proceedeth out from the throne 
of God and of the Lamb.* Madam, tire not, weary not; I dare 
find you the Son of God caution,f when ye are got up thither, and 
have cafl your eyes to view the golden city, and the fair and never- 
withering Tree of Life, that beareth twelve manner of fruits every 
month, ye fhall then fay, " Four-and-twenty hours' abode in this 
place is worth threefcore and ten years' forrow upon earth." If 
ye can but fay, that ye long earneftly to be carried up thither (as 
I hope you cannot for fhame deny Him the honour of having wrought 
that defire in your foul), then hath your Lord given you an earnefl. 
And, Madam, do ye believe that our Lord will lofe His earneft, 
and rue of the bargain, and change His mind, as if He were a 
man that can lie, or the fon of man that can repent.? Nay, He is 
unchangeable, and the fame this year that He was the former year. 
And His Son Jefus, who upon earth ate and drank with publicans 
and finners, and fpake and conferred with whores and harlots, and 
put up His holy hand and touched the leper's filthy fkin, and came 
evermore nigh fmners, even now in glory, is yet that fame Lord. 
His honour, and His great court in heaven, hath not made Him for- 
get His poor friends on earth. In Him honours change not man- 
ners, and He doth yet defire your company. Take Him for the 
old Chrift, and claim flill kindnefs to Him, and fay, " O it is fo; 
He is not changed, but I am changed." Nay, it is a part of His 
unchangeable love, and an article of the new covenant, to keep you 
that ye cannot difponej: Him, nor fell Him. He hath not played 
faft and loofe with us in the covenant of grace, fo that we may run 
from Him at our pleafure. His love hath made the bargain furer 
than fo ; for Jefus, as the cautioner, is bound for us. § And it can- 

* Rev. xxii. i. f Security. 

X Difpofe of, make over. § Heb. vii. 22. 

8o LETTER XX. [1631. 

not fland with His honour to die in the borrows* (as we ufe to 
fay), and lole thee, whom He mufl render again to the Father when 
He fhall give up the kingdom to Him. Confent and fay " Amen" 
to the promifes, and ye have fealed that God is true, and Chrift is 
yours. This is an eafy market. Ye but look on with faith; for 
Chrift suffered all, and paid all. 

Madam, fearing I be tedious to your Ladyfhip, I mufl: ftop here, 
defiring always to hear that your Ladyihip is well, and that ye have 
ftill your face up the mountain. Pray for us. Madam, and for Zion, 
whereof ye are a part. We expe6l a trial. God's wheat in this 
land muft go through Satan's sieve, but their faith fhall not fail. I 
am ftill wreflling in our Lord's work, and have been tried and 
tempted with brethren who look awry to the Gofpel. Now He 
that is able to keep you unto that day preferve your foul, body, and 
fpirit, and prefent you before His face with His own Bride, fpotlefs 
and blamelefs. 

Your Ladyfhip to be commanded always in the Lord Jefus. 

S. R. 
Anwoth, No'v. 26, 163 1. 

XX. — To my Lady Kenmure. 


ADAM, — I am grieved exceedingly that your Ladyfhip 
fhould think, or have caufe to think, that fuch as love 
you in God, in this country, are forgetful of you. For 
myfelf. Madam, I owe to your Ladyfhip all evidences of my high 
refpeft (in the fight of my Lord, whofe truth I preach, I am bold 
to fay it) for His rich grace in you. 

My Communion, put off till the end of a longfome and rainy 

* Fail, when He has become fecurity. Borro^.u is ^^ pledge." 

1632.] LETTER XX. 81 

harveft, and the prefbyterial exercife (as the bearer can inform your 
Ladyfhip), hindered me to fee you. And for my people's fake (find- 
ing them like hot iron, that cooleth being out of the fire, and that 
is pliable to no work), I do not ftir abroad ; neither have I left them 
at all, fince your Ladyfhip was in this country, fave at one time 
only, about two years ago. Yet I dare not fay but it is a fault, 
howbeit no defeft in my affe6lion ; and I truft to make it up again, 
fo foon as poilibly I am able to wait upon you. 

Madam, I have no new purpofe to write unto you, but of that 
which I think (nay, which our Lord thinketh) needful, that one 
thing, Mary's good part, which ye have chofen.* Madam, all that 
God hath, both Himfelf and the creatures. He is dealing and parting 
amongft the fons of Adam. There are none fo poor as that they 
can fay in His face, " He hath given them nothing." But there is 
no fmall odds betwixt the ^ts given to lawful bairns, f and to 
baftards ; and the more greedy ye are in fuiting,J the more willing 
He is to give, delighting to be called open-handed. I hope your 
Ladyfiiip laboureth to get afTurance of the fureft patrimony, even 
God Himfelf. Ye will find in Chriilianity, that God aimeth, in all 
His dealings with His children, to bring them to a high contempt 
of, and deadly feud with the world, and to fet an high price upon 
Chrifl, and to think Him One who cannot be bought for gold, and 
well worthy the fighting for. And for no other caufe, Madam, 
doth the Lord withdraw from you the childilh toys and the earthly 
delights that He giveth unto others, but that He may have you 
wholly to Himfelf. Think therefore of the Lord, as of one who 
Cometh to woo you in marriage, when ye are in the furnace. He 
feeketh His anfwer of you in affliftion, to fee if ye will fay. Even fo 
I take Him. Madam, give Him this anfwer pleafantly, and in your 
mind do not fecretly grudge nor murmur. When He is firiking 
you in love, beware to ftrike again : that is dangerous ; for thofe 
who ftrike again fhall get the laft blow. 

If I hit not upon the right firing, it is becaufe I am not ac- 

* Luke X. 42. t Children. + Soliciting. 

VOL.-^I. F 

82 LETTER XX. [1632. 

quainted with your Ladyfhip's prefent condition ; but I believe your 
Ladyfhip goeth on foot, laughing, and putting on a good counte- 
nance before the world, and yet ye carry heavinefs about with you. 
Ye do well, Madam, not to make them witnefTes of your grief, who 
cannot be curers of it. But be exceedingly charitable of your dear 
Lord. As there be fome friends worldly of whom ye will not 
entertain an ill thought, far more ought ye to believe good evermore 
of your dear friend, that lovely fair perfon, Jefus Chrift. The 
-thorn is one of the mofl curfed, and angry, and crabbed weeds that 
the earth yieldeth, and yet out of it fpringeth the rofe, one of the 
fweeteft-fmelled flowers, and mofl: delightful to the eye, that the 
earth hath. Your Lord fliall make joy and gladnefs out of your 
affliftions ; for all His rofes have a fragrant fmell. Wait for the 
time when His own holy hand fliall hold them to your nofe ; and 
if ye would have prefent comfort under the crofs, be much in prayer, 
for at that time your faith kifl^eth Chrifl, and He kifleth the foul. 
And oh ! if the breath of His holy mouth be fweet, I dare be 
caution,* out of fome fmall experience, that ye fliall not be beguiled ; 
for the world (yea, not a few number of God's children) know 
not well what that is which they call a Godhead. But, Madam, 
come near to the Godhead, and look down to the bottom of the 
well ; there is much in Him, and fweet were that death to drown 
in such a well. Your grief taketh liberty to work upon your mind, 
when ye are not bufied in the meditation of the ever-delighting 
and all-blefled Godhead. If ye would lay the price ye give out 
(which is but fome few years pain and trouble) befide the commo- 
dities ye are to receive, ye would fee they are not worthy to be laid 
in the balance together : but it is nature that maketh you look what 
ye give out, and weaknefs of faith that hindereth you to fee what 
ye fliall take in. Amend your hope, and friflf your faithful Lord 
awhile. He maketh Himfelf your debtor in the new covenant. He 
is honeft ; take His word : " Afllicftion fliall not fpring up the 
fecond time." J " He that overcometh fliall inherit all things."§ 

* Security, f Put off your demand. % Nahum i. 9. § Rev. xxi. 7. 

1632.] LETTER XXL 83 

Of all things, then, which ye want in this life. Madam, I am able 
to fay nothing, if that be not believed which ye have in Rev. iii. 5, 
21 : " The overcomer {hall be clothed in white raiment. To the 
overcomer I will ^ve to fit with Me in My throne, as I overcame, 
and am fet down with My Father in His throne." Confider, Madam, 
if ye are not high up now, and far ben* in the palace of our Lord, 
when ye are upon a throne in white raiment, at lovely Chrifl's elbow. 
O thrice fools are we, who, like new-born princes weeping in the 
cradle, know not that there is a kingdom before them ! Then let 
our Lord's fweet hand fquare us and hammer us, and ftrike off the 
knots of pride, felf-love, and world- worfhip, and infidelity, that He 
may make us ftones and pillars in His Father's houfe.f Madam, 
what think ye to take binding:|: with the fair corner-ffone Jefus ? The 
Lord give you wifdom to believe and hope your day is coming. I 
hope to be witnefs of your joy, as I have been a hearer and be- 
holder of your grief. Think ye much to follow the heir of the 
crown, who had experience of forrows, and was acquainted with 
grief ? § It were pride to aim to be above the ling's Son : it is 
more than we deferve, that we are equals in glory, in a manner. 
Now commending you to the deareft grace and mercy of God, I 
reft Your Ladyfhip's at all obedience in Chrift, 

S. R. 

Anwoth, Jan. 4, 1632. 

XXL — To my Lady Kenmure. 


ADAM, — Underftanding (a little after the writing of 
my lafl letter) of the going of this bearer, I would not 
omit the opportunity of remembering your Ladyfhip, 

* Got far into. *^ Ben" is the inner chamber. f Rev. iii. 12. 

X To be united to ; Hke ^' take band" in Let. 18. § Ifa. liii. 3. 

84 LETTER XXL [1632. 

flill harping upon that ftring, which in our whole lifetime is never 
too often touched upon, nor is our lefTon well enough learned, that 
there is a neceffity of advancing in the way to the kingdom of God, 
of the contempt of the world, of denying ourfelf and bearing of our 
Lord's crofs, which is no lefs needful for us than daily food. And 
among many marks that we are on this journey, and under fail to- 
ward heaven, this is one, when the love of God so filleth our hearts, 
that we forget to love, and care not much for the having, or want- 
ing of, other things ; as one extreme heat burneth out another. By 
this, Madam, ye know, ye have betrothed your foul in marriage to 
Chrift, when ye do make but fmall reckoning of all other fuitors 
or wooers ; and when ye can (having little in hand, but much in 
hope) live as a young heir, during the time of his non-age and 
minority, being content to be as hardly handled, and under as precife 
a reckoning, as fervants, becaufe his hope is upon the inheritance. 
For this caufe God's bairns* take well with fpoiling of their goods, 
knowing in themfelves that they have in heaven a better and an 
enduring fubftance.f That day that the earth and the works 
therein fhall be burned with fire,J your hidden hope and your life 
fhall appear. And therefore, fmce ye have not now many years to 
your endlefs eternity, and know not how foon the fky above your 
head will rive, and the Son of man will be feen in the clouds of 
heaven, what better and wifer courfe can ye take, than to think that 
your one foot is here, and your other foot in the life to come, and 
to leave off loving, defiring, or grieving for the wants that fhall be 
made up when your Lord and ye fhall meet, and when ye fhall give 
in your bill, that day, of all your wants here ? If your loffes be 
not made up, ye have place to challenge the Almighty ; but it fhall 
not be fo. Ye fhall then rejoice with joy unfpeakable and full of 
glory, and your joy fhall none take from you.§ It is enough, that 
the Lord hath promifed you great things, only let the time of be- 
ftowing them be in His own carving. It is not for us to fet an hour- 

* Children. t Heb. x. 34. 

X % Pet. iii. 10. § I Pet i. 8 ; John xvi. 22. 

1632.] LETTER XXL 85 

glafs to the Creator of time. Since He and we differ only in the 
term of payment ; fmce He hath promifed payment, and we believe it, 
it is no great matter. We will put that in His own will, as the frank 
buyer, who cometh near to what the feller feeketh, ufeth at lafl: to 
refer the difference to his own will, and fo cutteth off the courfe of 
mutual prigging.* Madam, do not prigg with your frank-hearted 
and gracious Lord about the time of the fulfilling of your joys. 
It will be ; God hath faid it ; bide His harveft, wait upon His whit- 
funday.f His day is better than your day ; He putteth not the 
hookj in the corn till it be ripe and full-eared. The great Angel 
of the covenant bear you company, till the trumpet fhall found, and 
the voice of the Archangel awaken the dead. Ye fhall find it your 
only happinefs, under whatever thing difturbeth and croffeth the 
peace of your mind, in this life, to love nothing for itfelf, but only 
God for Himfelf. It is the crooked love of fome harlots, that they 
love bracelets, ear-rings, and rings better than the lover that fendeth 
them. God will not fo be loved ; for that were to behave as 
harlots, and not as the chafte fpoufe, to abate from our love when 
thefe things are pulled away. Our love to Him fhould begin on 
earth, as it fhall be in heaven ; for the bride taketh not, by a thoufand 
degrees, fb much delight in her wedding garment as fhe doth in her 
bridegroom ; fo we, in the life to come, howbeit clothed with glory 
as with a robe, fhall not be fo much affefted with the glory that 
goeth about us, as with the bridegroom's joyful face and prefence. 
Madam, if ye can win§ to this here, the field is won ; and your mind, 
for anything ye want, or for anything your Lord can take from 
you, fhall foon be calmed and quieted. Get Himfelf as a pawn, 
and keep Him, till your dear Lord come and loofe the pawn, and 
rue II upon you, and give you all again that He took from you, even 
a thoufand talents for one penny. It is not ill to lend God willingly, 
who otherwife both will and may take from you againft your will. 

* Higgling, chaffering. t His term-day. 

X His fickle. In a fermon preached at Kirkmabreck, 1630, he fpeaks of 
^' Mowers with the fcythe and hook." 

§ Get to. II Take pity upon. 

86 LETTER XX 11. [1632. 

It is good to play the ufurer with Him, and take in, inftead of ten 
of the hundred, an hundred of ten, often an hundred of one. 

Madam, fearing to be tedious to you, I break off here, com- 
mending you (as I trufl to do while I live), your perfon, ways, 
burdens, and all that concerneth you, to that Almighty who is able 
to bear you and your burdens. I ftill remember you to Him, who 
will caufe you one day to laugh. I expeft that, whatever ye can 
do, by word or deed, for the Lord's friendlefs Sion, ye will do it. 
She is your mother ; forget her not ; for the Lord intendeth to 
melt and try this land, and it is high time we were all upon our 
feet, and falling* about to try what claim we have to Chriil:. It is 
like the bridegroom will be taken from us, and then we fhall mourn. 
Dear Jefus, remove not, elfe take us with Thee. Grace, grace be 
with you for ever. Your Ladyfhip at all dutiful obedience, 

S. R. 

Anwoth, i/^th Jan. 163 a. 

XXII.— T*^ John Kennedy .f 


BROTHER IN CHRIST,— I falute you with grace, 
mercy, and peace, from God our Father, and from our 
Lord Jefus Chrifl. 

I promiied to write to you, and although late enough, yet I 
now make it good. I heard with grief of your great danger of 
perifhing by the fea, and of your merciful deliverance, with joy. 
Sure I am, brother, that Satan will leave no flone unrolled, as the 
proverb is, to roll you off your Rock, or at leaft to fhake and un- 
fettle you : for at that fame time the mouths of wicked men were 
opened in hard fpeeches againft you, by land, and the prince of the 

* Searching about. t See Let. 75. 

1632.] LETTER XX IL 87 

power of the air was angry with you by lea. See then how much 
ye are obliged to that malicious murderer, who would beat you with 
two rods at one time ; but, blefled be God, his arm is Ihort ; if the 
lea and wind would have obeyed him, ye had never come to 
land. Thank your God, who faith, " I have the keys of hell and 
of death ;"* " I kill, and I make alive ;"t " The Lord bringeth 
down to the grave, and bringeth up."{ If Satan were jailor, and 
had the keys of death and of the grave, they fhould be ftored 
with more prifoners. Ye were knocking at thefe black gates, and 
ye found the doors fhut ; and we do all welcome you back again. 

I trufl that ye know that it is not for nothing that ye are fent to 
us again. The Lord knew that ye had forgotten fomething that was 
necelFary for your journey ; that your armour was not as yet thick 
enough againfl the ftroke of death. Now, in the ftrength of Jefus 
defpatch your bufmefs ; that debt is not forgiven, but frifted :§ 
death hath not bidden you farewell, but hath only left you for a 
fhort feafon. End your journey ere the night come upon you. 
Have all in readinefs againft the time that ye muft fail through that 
black and impetuous Jordan ; and Jefus, Jefus, who knoweth both 
thofe depths and the rocks, and all the coafts, be your pilot. The 
laft tide will not wait you for one moment. If ye forget anything, 
when your fea is full, and your foot in that fhip, there is no return- 
ing again to fetch it. What ye do amifs in your life to-day, ye may 
amend it to-morrow ; for as many funs as God maketh to arife 
upon you, ye have as many new lives ; but ye can die but once, 
and if ye mar, or fpill || that bufmefs, ye cannot come back to mend 
that piece of work again. No man fmneth twice in dying ill ; as 
we die but once, fo we die but ill or well once. You fee how the 
number of your months is written in God's book ; and as one of 
the Lord's hirelings, ye muft work till the fhadow of the evening 
come upon you, and ye fhall run out your glafs even to the laft 
pickle f of fand. Fulfil your courfe with joy, for we take nothing 

* Rev. i. 18. t Deut. xxxii. 39. % i Sam. ii. 6. 

§ The payment put off. || Spoil or deftroy. 1^ Grain. 


to the grave with us, but a good or evil confcience. And, although 
the fky clear after this ftorm, yet clouds will engender another. 

Ye contracted with Chrift, I hope, when firfl ye began to fol- 
low Him, that ye would bear His crofs. Fulfil your part of the 
contract with patience, and break not to Jefus Chrift. Be honefl, 
brother, in your bargaining with Him ; for who knoweth better 
how to bring up children than our God ? For (to lay afide His 
knowledge, of the which there is no finding out) He hath been 
practifed in brining up His heirs thefe five thoufand years ; and 
His bairns are all well brought up, and many of them are honefl 
men now at home, up in their own houfe in heaven, and are entered 
heirs to their Father's inheritance. Now, the form of His bringing 
up was by chaflifements, fcourging, corre6ting, nurturing -, and fee 
if He maketh exception of any of His bairns : * no. His eldefl Son 
and His Heir, Jefus, is not excepted.-]- Suffer we mufl ; ere we 
were born, God decreed it ; and it is eafier to complain of His de- 
cree than to change it. It is true, terrors of confcience caft us 
down ; and yet without terrors of confcience we cannot be raifed 
up again : fears and doubtings fhake us ; and yet without fears and 
doubtings we would foon fleep, and lofe our grips J of Chrifl. 
Tribulation and temptations will almoft loofen us to the root ; and 
yet, without tribulations and temptations, we can now no more 
grow than herbs or corn without rain. Sin, and Satan, and the 
world will fay, and cry in our ear, that we have a hard reckoning 
to make in judgment ; and yet none of thefe three, except they lie, 
dare fay in our face that our fm can change the tenor of the new 
covenant. Forward, then, dear brother, and lofe not your grips. 
Hold faft the truth : for the world, fell not one dram-weight of 
God's truth, efpecially now, when moft men meafure truth by 
time, like young feamen fetting their compafs by a cloud ; for now 
time is father and mother to truth, in the thoughts and practices of 
our evil time. The God of truth eflablifh us ; for, alas ! now there 
are none to comfort the prifoners of hope, and the mourners in 

* Rev. iii. 19 ; Heb. xii. 7,8. t Heb. ii. 10. % Grafp, firm hold. 

1632.] LETTER XX 11. 89 

Zion. "We can do little, except pray and mourn for Jofeph in the 
ftocks. And let their tongue cleave to the roof of their mouth who 
forget Jerufalem now in her day ; and the Lord remember Edom, 
and render to him as he hath done to us. 

Now, brother, I lliall not weary you ; but I entreat you to 
remember my deareft love to Mr David Dickfon, with whom I 
have fmall acquaintance ; yet, I blefs the Lord, I know that he 
both prayeth and doeth for our dying kirk. Remember my deareft 
love to John Stuart, whom I love in Chrifl ; and fhow him from 
me, that I do always remember him, and hope for a meeting. The 
Lord Jefus eftablifh him more and more, though he be already a 
ftrong man in Chrift. Remember my heartiefl afFe6lion in Chrift 
to William Rodger,* whom I alfo remember to God. I widi that 
the firfl news I hear of him and you, and all that love our com- 
mon Saviour in thofe bounds, may be, that they are fb knit and 
linked, and kindly faflened in love with the Son of God, that ye 
may fay, " Now if ye would ever fo fain efcape out of Chrift's 
hands, yet love hath fo bound us, that we cannot get our hands 
free again ; He hath fo ravifhed our hearts, that there is no loofen- 
ing of His grips ; the chains of His foul-ravifhing love are fo ftrong, 
that neither the grave nor death will break them." I hope, brother, 
yea, I doubt not of it, that ye lay me, and my firfl entry to the 
Lord's vineyard, and my flock, before Him who hath put me into 
His work. As the Lord knoweth, fmce firfl I faw you, I have 
been mindful of you. Marion M'Naught doth remember mofl 
heartily her love to you, and to John Stuart.f BlefTed be the Lord ! 
that in God's mercy I found in this country fuch a woman, to 
whom Jefus is dearer than her own heart, when there be fo many 
that cafl Chrifl over their fhoulder. Good brother, call to mind 
the memory of your worthy father, now afleep in Chrift ; and, as 
his cuftom was, pray continually, and wreftle, for the life of a 

* Livingftone in his '^ Memor. Characteriftics" inferts, this godly man, a 
merchant in Ayr, after being for a time at Coleraine, in Ireland, 
t See Let. 161, addrefled to him. 

90 LETTER XX III. [1632. 

dying, breathlefs kirk. And defire John Stuart not to forget poor 
Zion ; fhe hath few friends, and few to fpeak one good word for her. 
Now I commend you, your whole foul, and body, and fpirit, 
to Jefus Chrift and His keeping, hoping that ye will live and die, 
ftand and fall, with the caufe of our Mafler, Jefus. The Lord 
Jefus Himfelf be with your fpirit. 

Your loving brother in our Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Anwoth, Feb. 2, 1632. 

XXIIL — To my Lady Kenmure. 


ADAM, — Your Ladyfhip will not (I know) weary nor 
offend, though I trouble you with many letters. The 
memory of what obligadons I am under to your Lady- 
fhip, is the caufe of it. 

I am pollibly impertinent in what I write, becaufe of my igno- 
rance of your prefent eftate ; but for all that is faid, I have learned 
of Mr W. D.* that ye have not changed upon, nor wearied of your 
fweet Mafler, Chrift, and His fervice ; neither were it your part to 
change upon Him who " refteth in His love." Ye are among 
honourable company, and fuch as affedf grandeur and court. But, 
Madam, thinking upon your eftate, I think I fee an improvident 
wooer coming too late to feek a bride, becaufe fhe is contracted 
already, and promifed away to another ; and fo the wooer's bufk- 
ingf and bravery (who cometh to you J as " who but he ?") are in 
vain. The outward pomp of this bufy wooer, a beguiling world, 
is now coming in to fuit§ your foul too late, when ye have pro- 

* Mr William Dalgleifh, minifter at Kirkmabreck. 

t Decking, adorning. % ^ proverbial exprefTion, as in Herkat's Poem, 84. 
' * Then came brave Glory paffing by, 
With filks that whittled. Who but he." 
§ To woo. 

1632.] LETTER XX III, 91 

miied away your Ibul to Chrift many years ago. And I know, 
Madam, what anfwer ye may now juftly make to the late fuitor -, 
even this : " Ye are too long of coming ; my foul, the bride, is 
away already, and the contraft with Chrift fubfcribed, and I cannot 
choofe, but I muft be honeft and faithful to Him." Honourable lady, 
keep your firft love, and hold the firft match with that foul-delight- 
ing, lovely Bridegroom, our fweet, fweet Jefus, fairer than all 
the children of men, " the Rofe of Sharon," and the faireft and 
fweeteft-fmelled rofe in all His Father's garden. There is none 
like Him ; I would not exchange one fmile of His lovely face with 
kingdoms. Madam, let others take their filly, fecklefs* heaven in 
this life. Envy them not ; but let your foul, like a tar rowing f and 
miQearned child, take the dortsj (as we ufe to fpeak), or cafl at§ 
all things and difdain them, except one only : either Chriil or 
nothing. Your well-beloved, Jefus, will be content that ye be 
here devoutly proud, and ill to pleafe, as one that contemneth all 
hulbands but Himfelf. Either the King's Son, or no hufband at 
all ; this is humble, and worthy ambition. What have ye to do to 
dally with a whorifh and foolifh world ? Your jealous Hufband 
will not be content that ye look by || Him to another : He will be 
jealous indeed, and offended, if ye kifs another but Himfelf. What 
weights do burden you. Madam, I know not ; but think it great 
mercy that your Lord from your youth hath been hed^ng in your 
outflrajing affe6lions, that they may not go a-whoring from Him- 
felf. If ye were His baflard. He would not nurture you fo. If ye 
were for the flaughter, ye would be fattened. But be content ; 
ye are His wheat, growing in our Lord's field ; ^ and if wheat, ye 
muft go under our Lord's threfhing-inflrument, in His barn-floor, 
and through His fieve,** and through His mill to be bruifed (as 
the Prince of your falvation, Jefus, wasff ), that ye may be found 
good bread in your Lord's houfe. Lord Jefus, blefs the fpiritual 

* Pithlefs, worthlefs. f Pettifh. % Get fulky. 

§ Quarrel with, objed to. || Faft. t Matt. xiii. 25, 38. 

** Amos ix. 9. ft I fa. liii. 10. 

92 LETTER XXIII. [1632. 

hufbandry, and feparate you from the chaff, that dow not bide* 
the wind. I am perfuaded your glafs is fpending itfelf by little and 
little ; and if ye knew who is before you, ye would rejoice in your 
tribulations. Think ye it a fmall honour to fland before the throne 
of God and the Lamb ? and to be clothed in white, and to be 
called to the marriage fupper of the Lamb? and to be led to the 
fountain of living waters, and to come to the Well-head, even God 
Himfelf, and get your fill of the clear, cold, fweet, refrefhing water 
of life, the King's own well ? and to put up your own fmful hand 
to the tree of life, and take down and eat the fweeteft apple in all 
God's heavenly paradife, Jefus Chrift, your life and your Lord.'' 
Up your heart ! fhout for joy ! Your King is coming to fetch you 
to His Father's houfe. 

Madam, I am in exceeding great heavinefs, God thinking it beft 
for my own foul thus to exercife me, thereby, it may be, to fit me 
to be His mouth to others. I fee and hear, at home and abroad, 
nothing but matter of grief and discouragement, which indeed 
maketh my life bitter. And I hope in God never to get my will 
in this world. And I expe6f ere long a fiery trial upon the Church ; 
for as many men almoft in England and Scotland, as many falfe 
friends to Chriff, and as many pulling and drawing to pull the 
crown off His holy head ! and for fear that our Beloved ftay 
amongfl us (as if His room were more defirable than Himfelf), 
men are bidding Him go feek His lodging. Madam, if ye have 
a part in filly, friendlefs Zion (as I know ye have), fpeak a word 
on her behalf to God and man. If ye can do nothing elfe, fpeak 
for Jefus, and ye fhall thereby be a witnefs againft this declining age. 
Now, from my very foul, laying and leaving you on the Lord, and 
defiring a part in your prayers (as, my Lord knoweth, I remember 
you), I deliver over your body, fpirit, and all your neceffities, to 
the hands of our Lord, and remain for ever 

Your Ladyfhip's in your fweet Lord Jefus and mine, 

S. R. 

AnwoTH, Feb. 13, 1632. 

* Cannot ftand. 

1632.] LETTER XXIV. 93 

XXIV.— T^or Marion M'Naught. 


;EL0VED mistress,— My dearefl love in Chrifl re- 
membered to you. Know that Mr Abraham* fhowed 
me there is to be a meeting of the bifhops at Edinburgh 
fhortly. The caufes are known to themfelves. It is our part to 
hold up our hands for Zion. Howbeit, it is reported, they came 
fad from court. It is our Lord's wifdom, that His kirk fhould 
ever hang by a thread ; and yet the thread breaketh not, being 
hanged upon Him who is the fure Nail in David's houfe,f upon 
whom all the veflels, great and fmall, do hang; and the Nail (God be 
thanked) neither crooketh nor can be broken. Jefus, that Flower 
of JefTe fet without hands, getteth many a blaft, and yet withers 
not, because He is His Father's noble Rofe, cafting a fweet imell 
through heaven and earth, and mufl grow ; and in the fame garden 
grow the faints, God's fair and beautiful lilies, under wind and rain, 
and all fun-burned, and yet life remaineth at the root. Keep within 
His garden, and you fhall grow with them, till the Great Hufband- 
man, our dear Mafter Gardener, come and tranfplant you from the 
lower part of His vineyard up to the higher, to the very heart of 
His garden, above the wrongs of the rain, fun, or wind. And then, 
wait upon the times of the blowing of the fweet fouth and north 
wind of His gracious Spirit, that may make you caft a fweet fmell 
in your Beloved's noftrils ; and bid your Beloved come down to 
His garden, and eat of His pleafant fruits. J And He will come. 
You will get no more but this until you come up to the Well-head, 

* Poffibly, this is Mr Abraham Henderfon, a ftaiinch defender of Pres- 
bylery, who in 1605, prefifted, along with eight of his brethren, in convening 
at Aberdeen, in face of prohibition, in order to maintain a proteft in behalf of 
the Church's inherent right to meet in General Aflembly. (See Forbes' 
Apolog. Narration,) p. 136. 

t Ifa. xxii. 23. t Cant. iv. 16. 

94 LETTER XXIV, [1632. 

where you fhall put up your hand and take down the apples of 
the tree of life, and eat under the fhadow of that tree. Thefe apples 
are fweeter up befide the tree than they are down here in this piece 
of a clay prifon-houfe. I have no joy but in the thoughts of thefe 
times. Doubt not of your Lord's part and the fpoufe's part ; fhe 
fhall be in good cafe. That word fhall ftand, " I fhall be as the 
dew to Ifrael : he fhall grow up as the lily, and cafl out his roots 
as Lebanon. His branches fhall fpread, his beauty fhall be as the 
olive-tree, and his fmell as Lebanon."* Chrift fhall fet up His 
colours, and His enfign for the nations, and fhall gather together 
the outcafts of Ifrael. f " Then the Lord faid to me. Son of man, 
thefe dead bones are the whole houfe of Ifrael : behold, they fay, Our 
bones are dried, our hope is loft ; we are cut ofF for our parts. 
Therefore prophefy unto them, and fay. Thus faith the Lord God, 
Behold, O My people, I will open your graves, and caufe you come 
up out of your graves, and bring you into the land of Ifrael." J 
Thefe promifes are not wind, but the breaft of our beloved Chrift, 
which we muft fuck and draw comfort out of. Ye have caufe to 
pity thofe poor creatures that fland out againfl Chrift, and the build- 
ing of His houfe. Silly men ! they have but a fecklefs § and filly 
heaven, nothing but meat and cloth, and laugh a day or two in the 
world, and then in a moment go down to the grave ; and they 
fhall not be able to hinder Chrift's building. He that is Mafter of 
work will lead flones || to the wall over their belly. 

And for that prefent tumult that the children of this world raife 
anent the planting of your town with a paftor, believe and flay 
upon God, as you ftill fhame us all in believing. Go forward in 
the flrength of the Lord ; and I fay from my Lord, before whom I 
fland, have your eyes upon none but the Lord of armies, and the 
Lord fhall either let you fee what you long to fee, or then elfe fulfil 
your joy more abundantly another way. You and yours, and the 

* Hos. xiv. 5,6. t Ifa. xi. 12. X Ezek. xxxvii. 11, 12. 

§ No fubftance, or pith, in it, worthlefs. 

II Carry (or caufe to be carried) the (tones for building His houfe. 

1632.] LETTER XXIV. 95 

children of God whom you care for in this town, fhall have as much 
of the Son of God's fupper cut and laid upon your trenchers, be 
who he will that carveth, as fhall feed you to eternal life. And be 
not caft down for all that is done : your reward is laid up with 
God. I hope to fee you laugh and leap for joy. Will the temple 
be built without din and tumult ? No ; God's flones in His houle 
in Germany are laid with blood ; and the Son of God no Iboner 
begins to chop and hew flones with His hammer, but as foon the 
fword is drawn. If the work were of men, the world would fet 
their fhoulders to yours ; but, in Chrift's work, two or three muft 
fight againfl a Prefbytery (though His own court) and a city. This 
proveth that it is Chrift's errand, and therefore that it fhall thrive. 
Let them lay iron chains crofs over the door, — flay, and believe, 
and wait, whill* the Lion of the tribe of Judah come. And He 
that comes from heaven clothed with the rainbow, and hath the 
little book in His hand, when He taketh a gripf of their chains. 
He will lay the door on the broadfide,:|: and come in, and go up to 
the pulpit, and take the man with Him whom He hath chofen for 
His work. Therefore, let me hear from you, whether you be in 
heavinefs, or rejoicing under hope, that I may take part of your 
grief, and bear it with you, and get part of your joy, which is to 
me alfo as my own joy. 

And as to what are your fears anent the health or life of your 
dear children, lay it upon Chrift's flioulders : let Him bear all. 
Loofe your gripsf of them all ; and when your dear Lord pulleth, 
let them go with faith and joy. It is a tried faith to kifs a Lord 
that is taking from you. Let them be careful, during the fhort time 
that they are here, to run and get a grip of the prize. Chrift is 
ftanding in the end of their way, holding up the garland of endlefs 
glory to their eyes, and is crying, " Run fail, and come and receive." 
Happy are they (if their breath ferve them) to run and not to weary, 
whill* their Lord, with His own dear hand, puts the crown upon 
their head. It is not long days, but good days, that make life glo- 

* Till. t A fii-m hold. X Lay it flat. 

96 LETTER XXV. L1632. 

rious and happy ; and our dear Lord is gracious to us, who fhort- 
eneth and hath made the way to glory fhorter than it was , fo that 
the crown that Noah did fight for five hundred years, children may 
now obtain it in fifteen years. And heaven is in fome fort better for 
us now than it was to Noah, for the man Chrift is there now, 
who was not come in the flefh in Noah's days. You fhall fhow 
this to your children, whom my foul in Chrifi blefTeth, and entreat 
them by the mercies of God, and the bowels of Jefus Chrift, to 
covenant with Jefus Chrift to be His, and to make up the bond of 
friendfhip betwixt their fouls and their Chrift, that they may have 
acquaintance in heaven, and a friend at God's right hand. Such a 
friend at court is much worth. 

Now I take my leave of you, praying my Chrift and your Chrift 

to fulfil your joy ; and more graces and bleffings from our fweet 

Lord Jefus to your foul, your hufband's and children, than ever I 

wrote of the letters of A, B, C, to you. Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours in my fweet Mafter, Jefus Chrift, 

S. R. 

Anwotii, March 9, 1632. 

XXV. — To a Gentlewoman at Kirkcudbright, excuftng him/elf from 


ISTRESS, — I befeech you to have me excufed if the daily 
employments of my calling ftiall hinder me to fee you 
according as I would wifh ; for I dare not go abroad, 
fince many of my people are fick, and the time of our Communion* 
draweth near. But frequent the company of your worthy and 
honeft-hearted paftor, Mr Robert (Glendinning), to whom the 
Lord hath given the tongue of the learned, to minifter a word in 
feafon to the weary. Remember me to him and to your huft)and. 
The Lord Jefus be with your fpirit. 

Your affectionate friend, 

S. R. 

* The difpenfing of the Lord's Supper. 

1632.1 LETTER XXV I. 97 

XXVI. — For Marion M'Naught, after her dangerous ilhiefs. 


jEARLY BELOVED MISTRESS,— My love in Chrift 
remembered. You are not ignorant what our Lord in 
His love-vifitation hath been doing with your foul, 
even letting you fee a little fight of that dark trance* you muft go 
through ere you come to glory. Your life hath been near the 
grave, and you were at the door, and you found the door ihut and 
fall : your dear Chrift thinking it not time to open thefe gates to 
you till you have fought fome longer in His camp. And therefore 
He willeth you to put on your armour again, and to take no truce 
with the devil or this prefent world. You are little obliged to any 
of the two; but I rejoice in this, that when any of the two comes 
to fuitf your foul in marriage, you have an anfwer in readinefs to 
tell them, — '* You are too long a-coming; I have many a year fmce 
promifed my foul to another, even to my deareft Lord Jefus, to 
whom I muft be true." And therefore you are come back to us 
again to help us to pray for Chrift's fair bride, a marrow J dear to Him. 
Be not caft down in heart to hear that the world barketh at 
Chrift's ftrangers, both in Ireland and in this land ; they do it be- 
caufe their Lord hath chofen them out of this world. And this is 
one of our Lord's reproaches, to be hated and ill-entreated by men. 
The filly ftranger, in an uncouth § country, muft take with a fmoky 
inn and coarfe cheer, a hard bed, and a barking, ill-tongued hoft. 
It is not long to the day, and he will to his journey upon the mor- 
row, and leave them all. Indeed, our fair morning is at hand, 
the day-ftar is near the rifing, and we are not many miles from 
home. What matters ill entertainment in the fmoky inns of this 

* PafTage. f Woo in marriage. % Companion. 

§ Unco^ in other editions ; /.^., ftrange. In his fermons, it is generally 
written *^ uncouth." Thus, *^ ftrange and uncouth to fee! " (On Zech. xi. 9.) 
VOL. I. G 

98 LETTER XXVL [1632. 

miserable life ? We are not to ftay here, and we will be dearly 
welcome to Him whom we go to. And I hope, when I ftiall fee 
you clothed in white raiment, wafhed in the blood of the Lamb, 
and fhall fee you even at the elbow of your dearefl Lord and Re- 
deemer, and a crown upon your head, and following our Lamb and 
lovely Lord whitherfoever He goeth, — you will think nothing of 
all thefe days ; and you fhall then rejoice, and no man fhall take 
your joy from you. It is certain there is not much fand to run in 
your Lord's fand-glafs, and that day is at hand ; and till then your 
Lord in this life is giving you fome little feafls. 

It is true, you fee Him not now as you fhall fee Him then. 
Your well-beloved flandeth now behind the wall looking out at the 
window,* and you fee but a little of His face. Then, you fhall fee 
all His face and all the Saviour, — a long, and high, and broad Lord 
Jefus, the loveliefl perfon among the children of men. O joy of 
joys, that our fouls know there is fuch a great fupper preparing for 
us even ! Howbeit we be but half-hungered f of Chrift here, and 
many a time dine behind noon,l yet the fupper of the Lamb will 
come in time, and will be fet before us before we famifli and lofe our 
ftomachs. You have caufe to hold up your heart in remembrance 
and hope of that fair, long fummer day ; for in this night of your 
life, wherein you are in the body abfent from the Lord, Chrifl's fair 
moonlight in His word and facraments, in praver, feeling, and holy 
conference, hath fhined upon you, to let you fee the way to the 
city. I confefs our diet here is but fparing ; we get but taflings of 
our Lord's comforts ; but the caufe of that is not becaufe our 
Steward, Jefus, is a niggard, and narrow-hearted, but becaufe our 
flomachs are weak, and we are narrow-hearted. But the great 
feaft is coming, and the chambers of them made fair and wide to 
take in the great Lord Jefus. Come in, then. Lord Jefus, to hungry 
fouls gaping for thee ! In this journey take the Bridegroom as you 
may have Him, and be greedy of His fmalleft crumbs; but, dear 

* Cant. ii. 9. t Only half fed with. 

X Noon, or a little before it, was then the ufual hour for dinner. 

1632.] LETTER XXV 11. 99 

Miftrefs, buy none of Chrift's delicates-fpiritual with fin, or fafting 
againll: your weak body. Remember you are in the body, and it is 
the lodging-houfe ; and you may not, without offending the Lord, 
fuffer the old walls of that houfe to fall down through want of 
neceffary food. Your body is the dwelling-houfe of the Spirit ; and 
therefore, for the love you carry to the fweet Gueft, give a due re- 
gard to His houfe of clay. When He loofeth the wall, why not ? 
Welcome Lord Jefus ! But it is a fearful fm in us, by hurting the 
body by falling, to loofe one flone or the leafl: piece of timber in it ; 
for the houfe is not our own. The Bridegroom is with you yet ; 
fo fail as that alfo you may feaft and rejoice in Him. I think upon 
your magift rates ; but He that is clothed in linen, and hath the 
writer's inkhorn by His fide, hath written up their names in heaven 
already. Pray and be content with His will ; God hath a council- 
houfe in heaven, and the end will be mercy unto you. For the 
planting of your town with a godly minifter, have your eye upon 
the Lord of the harveft. I dare promife you, God in this life fhall 
fill your foul with the fatnefs of His houfe, for your care to fee 
Chrlft's bairns fed. And your pofterity fhall know it, to whom I 
pray for mercy, and that they may get a name amongfl the living in 
Jerufalem; and if God portion them with His bairns, their rent is 
fair, and I hope it fhall be fo. The Lord Jefus be with your fpirit. 
Yours ever in Chrifl, 

S. R. 

Anwoth, Sept. 19, 1632. 

XXVn. — To my Lady Kenmure. 


ADAM, — Having faluted you with grace and mercy from 
God our Father, and from our Lord Jefus Chrifl, I long 
both to fee your Ladyfhip, and to hear how it goeth 

loo LETTER XXVII. [1632. 

I do remember you, and prefent you and your neceilities to 
Him who is able to keep you, and prefent you blamelefs before His 
face with joy ; and my prayer to our Lord is, that ye may be fick 
of love for Him, who died of love for you, — I mean your Saviour 
Jefus. And O fweet were that ficknefs to be foul-fick for Him ! 
And a living death it were, to die in the fire of the love of that foul- 
lover, Jefus ! And, Madam, if ye love Him, ye will keep His com- 
mandments ; and this is not one of the leaf!:, to lay your neck 
cheerfully and willingly under the yoke of Jefus Chrift. For I 
trufl your Ladyfhip did firfl contraft and bargain with the Son of 
God to follow Him upon thefe terms, that by His grace ye fhould 
endure hardfhip, and fuffer affli6lion, as the foldier of Chrifl. They 
are not worthy of Jefus who will not take a blow for their Mafter's 
fake. As for our glorious Peace-maker, when He came to make 
up the friendfhip betwixt God and us, God bruifed Him, and 
jftruck Him ; the fmful world alfo did beat Him, and crucify Him ; 
yet He took buffets of both parties, and (honour to our Lord Jefus !) 
He would not leave the field for all that, till He had made peace be- 
twixt the parties. I perfuade myfelf your fufFerings are but like 
your Saviour's (yea, incomparably lefs and lighter), which are 
called but a bruifmg of His heel ;* a wound far from the heart. 
Your life is hid with Chrift in God,f and therefore ye cannot be 
robbed of it. Our Lord handleth us, as fathers do their young 
children ; they lay up jewels in a place, above the reach of the 
fhort arm of bairns, elfe bairns would put up their hands and take 
them down, and lofe them foon : fo hath our Lord done with our 
fpiritual life. Jefus Chrifl is the high coffer in the which our Lord 
hath hid our life ; we children are not able to reach up our arm fo 
high as to take down that life and lofe it ; it is in our Chrifl's hand. 
O long, long may Jefus be Lord Keeper of our life ! and happy are 
they that can, with the Apoftle,J lay their foul in pawn in the 
hand of Jefus, for He is able to keep that which is committed in 
pawn to Him againft that day. Then, Madam, fo long as this life 

* Gen. iii. 15. f Col. iii. 3. % 2 Tim. i. 12. 

1632.] LETTER XXVIL 101 

is not hurt, all other troubles are but touches iii the heel. I trufl: 
ye will foon be cured. Ye know, Madam, kings have fome ler- 
vants in their court that receive not prefent wages in their hand, but 
live upon their hopes : the ICing of kings alfo hath fervants in His 
court that for the prefent get little or nothing but the heavy crofs of 
Chrift, troubles without and terrors within ; but they live upon 
hope ; and when it cometh to the parting of the inheritance, they 
remain in the houfe as heirs. It is better to be fo than to get pre- 
fent payment, and a portion in this life, an inheritance in this world 
(God forgive me, that I fhould honour it with the name of an in- 
heritance, it is rather a farm-room !*), and then in the end to be 
caflen out of God's houfe, with this word, " Ye have received 
your confolation, ye will get no more." Alas ! what get they ? 
The rich glutton's heaven, f O but our Lord maketh it a £\\\yX 
heaven! "He fared well," faith our Lord, "and delicately every 
day." O no more ? a fdly heaven ! Truly no more, except that 
he was clothed in purple, and that is all. I perfuade myfelf, 
Madam, ye have joy when ye think that your Lord hath dealt 
more gracioully with your foul. Ye have gotten little in this life, 
it is true indeed : ye have then the more to crave, yea, ye have all 
to crave ; for, except fome taftings of the firfl fruits, and fome kilTes 
of His mouth whom your foul loveth, ye get no more. But I can- 
not tell you what is to come. Yet I may fpeak as our Lord doth 
of it. The foundation of the city is pure gold, clear as cryflal ; the 
twelve ports § are fet with precious flones ; if orchards and rivers 
commend a foil upon earth, there is a paradife there, wherein grow- 
eth the tree of life, that beareth twelve manner of fruits every month, 
which is feven fcore and four harvefls in the year ; and there is 
there a pure river of water of life, proceeding out of the throne 
of God and of the Lamb -, and the city hath no need of the light of 
the fun or moon, or of a candle, for the Lord God Almighty and 
the Lamb is the light thereof. Madam, believe and hope for this, 
till ye fee and enjoy. Jefus is faying in the Gofpel, Come and fee ; 

* Rented room, like a tenant's farm, f Luke xvi. 25. % Poor. § Gates. 

I02 LETTER XXVIII. [1633. 

and He is come down in the chariot of truth, wherein He rideth 
through the world, to conquer men's fouls,* and is now in the 
world faying, *' Who will go with Me ? will ye go ? My Father 
will make you welcome, and give you houfe-room ; for in My 
Father's houfe are many dwelling-places." Madam, confent to go 
with Him. Thus I reft, commending you to God's deareft mercy. 
Yours in the Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

XXVIII. — To my Lady Kenmure, after the death of a child. 


ADAM, — I am afraid now (as many others are) that, at 
the fitting down of our Parliament, f our Lord Jefus 
and His fpoufe ihall be roughly handled. And it muft 
be fo, fince falfe and declining Scotland, whom our Lord took off 
the dunghill and out of hell, and made a fair bride to Himfelf, hath 
broken her faith to her fweet Huft^and, and hath put on the fore- 
head of a whore. And therefore He faith He will remove. Would 
God we could ftir up ourfelves to lay hold upon Him, who, being 
highly provoked with the handling He hath met with, is ready to 
depart ! Alas ! we do not importune Him by prayer and fupplica- 
tion to abide amongft us ! If we could but weep upon Him, and 
in the holy pertinacity of faith wreftle with Him, and fay, " We 
will not let Thee go," it may be that then. He, who is eafy to be in- 
treated, would yet, notwithftanding of our high provocations, con- 
defcend to ftay and feed among the lilies, till that fair and defirable 
day break, and the ihadows flee away. Ah ! what caufe of mourn- 
ing is there, when our gold is become dim, and the vifage of our 

* Ps. xlv. 4. 

t The Parliament to be held at Edinburgh on 25th June of this year. 

1633.] LETTER XXVIIL 103 

Nazarites, Ibmetime* whiter than ihow, is now become blacker than 
a coal, and Levi's houfe, once comparable to fine gold, is now 
changed, and become like veflels in whom He hath no pleafure ! 
Madam, think upon this, that when our Lord, who hath His hand- 
kerchief to wipe the face of the mourners in Zion, fhall come to 
wipe away all tears from their eyes. He may wipe yours alio, in the 
pafling, amongft others. I am confident. Madam, that our Lord 
will yet build a new houfe to Himfelf, of our reje6ted and fcattered 
ftones , for our Bridegroom cannot want a wife. Can He live a 
widower? Nay, He will embrace both us, the little young fifter, 
and the elder fifter, the Church of the Jews ; and there will yet be 
a day of it. And therefore we have caufe to rejoice, yea, to fing and 
fhout for joy. The Church hath been, fince the world began, ever 
hanging by a fmall thread, and all the hands of hell and of the 
wicked have been drawing at the thread. But, God be thanked, 
they only break their arms by pulling, but the thread is not broken ; 
for the fweet fingers of Chrift our Lord have fpun and twifted it. 
Lord, hold the thread whole ! 

Madam, ftir up your hufband to lay hold upon the covenant, 
and to do good. What hath he to do with the world .? It is not 
his inheritance. Defire him to make homef over, and put to his 
hand to lay one ffone or two upon the wall of God's houfe before 
he go hence. I have heard alfo. Madam, that your child is re- 
moved ; but to have or want is beft, as He pleafeth. Whether fhe 
be with you, or in God's keeping, think it all one ; nay, think it the 
better of the two by far that fhe is with Him. I truft in our Lord 
that there is fomething laid up and kept for you ; for our kind Lord, 
who hath wounded you, will not be fo cruel as not to allay the pain 
of your green wound; and, therefore, claim Chrift ftill as your 
own, and own Him as your One thing. So refiing, I recommend 
your Ladyfhip, your foul and fpirit, in pawn to Him who keepeth 
His Father's pawns, and will make an account of them faithfully, 
even to that faireft amongft the fons of men, our fweet Lord 

* Once on a time. f Homewards. 

I04 LETTER XXIX. [1633. 

Jefus, the fairefl, the fweeteft, the moft delicious Rofe of all His 
Father's great field. The fmell of that Rofe perfume your foul ! 
Your Ladyfhip, in his fweeteft Lord Jefus, 
Anvvoth, April I, 1633. S. R. 

XXIX.— i^V Marion M'Naught. 


EAR SISTER, — I longed much to have conferred with 
you at this time. I am grieved at anything in your 
houfe that grieveth you -, and fhall, by my Lord's grace, 
fuit* my Lord to help you to bear your burden, and to come in be- 
hind you, and give you and your burdens a putf up the mountain. 
ICnow you not that Chrifl wooeth His wife in the furnace.? "Be- 
hold, I have refined thee, but not with filver ; I have chofen thee 
in the furnace of affliftion."J He cafteth His love on you when 
you are in the furnace of affliflion. You might indeed be cafien 
down if He brought you in and left you there ; but when He lead- 
eth you through the waters, think ye not that He has a fweet, foft 
hand .'' You know His love-grip § already ; you fhall be delivered , 
wait on. Jefus will make a road, and come and fetch home the 
captive. You fhall not die in prifon ; but your firokes are fuch as 
were your Hufband's, who was wounded in the houfe of His 
friends. Strokes were not newings || to Him, and neither are they 
to you. But your winter night is near fpent ; it is near-hand f the 
dawning. I will fee you leap for joy. The kirk fhall be delivered. 
This wildernefs fhall bud and grow up like a rofe. Chrifl got a 
charter of Scotland from His Father ; and who will bereave Him of 
His heritage, or put our Redeemer out of His mailing,* until His 

* Entreat. f Pufh. t Ifa. xh'iii. 10. 

§ Grafp, or firm hokl. || News, or new things, f Nigh. 
** Mailing J a farm ; fo called IVom mai/y rent. 

i633-] LETTER XXX. 105 

tack be run out ? I muft have you praying for me : I am black 
fhamed for evermore now with Chrift's goodnefs; and in private, 
on the 17th and 1 8th of Auguft, I got a full anfwer of my Lord 
to be a graced minifter, and a chofen arrow hidden in His own 
quiver. But know this, aflurance is not keeped but by watching 
and prayer ; and, therefore, dear miftrefs, help me. I have gotten 
now (honour to my Lord !) the gate* to open the £lote,f and fhutj 
the bar of His door ; and I think it eafy to get anything from the 
ICing by prayer, and to ufe holy violence with Him. Chrift was in 
Cariphairne§ kirk, and opened the people's hearts wonderfully. 
Jefus is looking up that water ; || and minting ^ to dwell amongft 
them. I would we could give Him His welcome home to the 
moors. Now peace and grace be upon you and all yours. 
Yours in Chrift, 
Anwoth, Aug. 20, 1633. S* R* 

XXX. — To my Lady Kenmure. 


ADAM, — I determined, and was defirous alfo, to have 
feen your ladyfhip, but becaufe of a pain in my arm I 
could not. I know ye will not impute it to any un- 
fuitable forgetfulnefs of your Ladyfhip, from whom, at my firft 
entry to my calling in this country (and fmce alfo), I received fuch 
comfort in my affliftion as I truft in God never to forget, and Ihall 

* Way. t Bolt. 

t Shut, or fhute, or fhoot. Here it is to pufh back the bar fo as to open 
the door. 

§ The village and church of Carfphairn ftood not far from Kenmure Caftle, 
and very near Earlfton and Knockgray. If one travels to it from the fide of 
Dalmellington, the road is folitary, dreary, bare, with fteep, rocky hills on 
either fide of the glen. 

II That river, — the Ken (?). ^ Making as if He would, trying. 

io6 LETTER XXX. [1633. 

labour by His grace to recompenfe in the only way poffible to me ; 
and that is, by prefenting your foul, perfon, houfe, and all your 
necefTities, in prayer to Him, whofe I hope you are, and who is able 
to keep you till that Day of Appearance, and to prefent you before 
His face with joy. 

I am confident your Ladyfhip is going forward in the begun 
journey to your Lord and Father's home and kingdom. Howbeit 
ye want not temptations within and without. And who among the 
faints hath ever taken that caille without ftroke of fword? the Chief 
of the houfe, our Elder Brother, our Lord Jefus, not being excepted, 
who won His own houfe and home, due to Him by birth, with 
much blood and many blows. Your Ladyfhip hath the more need 
to look to yourfelf, becaufe our Lord hath placed you higher than 
the reft, and your way to heaven lieth through a more wild and 
wafle wildernefs than the way of many of your fellow-travellers, — 
not only through the midfl of this wood of thorns, the cumberfome 
world, but alfo through thefe dangerous paths, the vain-glory of it ; 
the confideration whereof hath often moved me to pity your foul, 
and the foul of your worthy and noble hufband. And it is more to 
you to win* heaven, being fhips of greater burden, and in the main 
fea, than for little vefTels, that are not fo much in the mercy and 
reverencef of the florms, becaufe they may come quietly to their 
port by launching alongil the coaft. For the which caufe ye do 
much, if in the midft of fuch a tumult of bufmefs, and crowd of 
temptations, ye ihall give Chrifl Jefus His own court and His own 
due place in your foul. I know and am perfuaded, that that lovely 
One, Jefus, is dearer to you than many kingdoms; and that ye 
efteem Him your Well-beloved, and the Standard-bearer among 
ten thoufand.J And it becometh Him full well to take the place 

* Reach. 

t " Renjerence" occurs in Lets. Z33 and 298 in the fenfe of *^ power," and 
is there fo explained by Jamiefon. It would be q.d., '' giving homage to the 
ftorms." A perfon ufed to fay, ** I will not be in your reverence;" />., not 
fubmit to your dilation. 

X Cant. V. 10. 

1633.] LETTER XXX. 107 

and the board-head* in your foul before all the world. I knew and 
iaw Him with you in the furnace of affli(5fion ; for there he wooed 
you to Himfelf, and chofe you to be His ; and now He craveth 
no other hire of you but your love, and that He get no caufe to be 
jealous of you. And, therefore, dear and worthy lady, be like to 
the frefh river, that keepeth its own frefh tafle in the fait fea. This 
world is not worthy of your foul. Give it not a good-day when 
Chrifl Cometh in competition with it. Be like one of another 
country. Home ! and ftay not ; for the fun is fallen low, and nigh 
the tops of the mountains, and the fhadows are Ifretched out in 
great length. Linger not by the way. The world and fm would 
train f you on, and make you turn afide. Leave not the way for 
them; and the Lord Jefus be at the voyage ! 

Madam, many eyes are upon you, and many would be glad 
your Ladyfhip fhould fpillf a Chriflian, and mar a good profefTor. 
Lord Jefus, mar their godlefs defires, and keep the confcience 
whole without a crack ! If there be a hole in it, fo that it take in 
water at a leak,§ it will with difficulty mend again. It is a dainty, 
delicate creature, and a rare piece of the workmanftiip of your 
Maker ; and therefore deal gently with it, and keep it entire, that 
amidft this world's glory your Ladyfhip may learn to entertain 
Chrifl. And whatfoever creature your Ladyfhip findeth not to fmell 
of Him, may it have no better relifh to you than the white of an 

Madam, it is a part of the truth of your profeifion to drop 
words in the ears of your noble huiband continually, of eternity, 
judgment, death, hell, heaven, the honourable profellion, the fms 
of his father's houfe. He muft reckon with God for his father's 
debt : forgetting of accounts payeth no debt. Nay, the intereft of 
a forgotten bond runneth up with God to intereft upon intereff. I 
knoweth he looketh homeward, and loveth the truth ; but I pity 
him with my foul becaufe of his many temptations. Satan layeth 

* Head of the dinner-table. f Draw, entice; the French *^ trainer." 
X Spoil. § Spelt ^* leek" in old editions. 

io8 LETTER XX XL [1634. 

upon men a burden of cares above a load,* and maketh a pack- 
horfe of men's fouls when they are wholly fet upon this world. 
We owe the devil no fuch fervice. It were wifdom to throw off 
that load into a mire, and caft all our cares over upon God. 

Madam, think ye have no child. Subfcribe a bond to your 
Lord that ihe fhall be His if He take her ; and thanks, and praife, 
and glory to His holy name fhall be the interefl for a year's loan of 
her. Look for crofTes, and while it is fair weather mend the fails 
of the fhip. 

Now, hoping your Ladyfhip will pardon my tedioufnefs, I re- 
commend your foul and perlbn to the grace and mercy of our fweet 
Lord Jefus, in whom I am. 

Your Ladyfhip, at all dutiful obedience in Chrift, 

S. R. 

Anwoth, No'v. 15, 1633. 

XXXI. — To my Lady Kenmure. 

ADAM, — Having received a letter from fome of the 
worthiefl of the miniftry in this kingdom, the contents 
whereof I am defired to communicate to fuch profes- 
fors in thefe parts as I know love the beauty of Zion, and are 
aiflifted to fee the Lord's vineyard trodden under foot by the wild 
boars out of the wood, who lay it wafte, I could not but alfo defire 
your Ladyfhip's help to join with the reft, defiring you to impart it 
to my Lord your hufband, and if ye think it needful, I fhall write 
to his Lordfhip, as Mr. G. G.f fhall advertife me. 

Know, therefore, that the beft afFefted of the miniflry have 

* A burden above a load, or a load above a burden, is a phrafe for a very 
heavy weight. 

t Mr George Gillefpie; fee Let. 144. 

634-] LETTER XXX I. 109 

thought it convenient and necefTary, at fuch a time as this, that all 
who love the truth ihould join their prayers together, and cry to 
God with humiliation and fafting. The times, which are agreed 
upon, are the two firft Sabbaths of February next, and the fix 
days intervening betwixt thefe Sabbaths, as they may conveni- 
ently be had, and the firft Sabbath of every quarter. And the 
caufes, as they are written to me, are thefe : 

1. Befides the diflreffes of the Reformed churches abroad, the 
many reigning fms of uncleannefs, ungodlinefs, and unrighteoufnefs 
in this land, the prefent judgments on the land, and many more 
hanging over us, whereof few are fenfible, or yet know the right 
and true caufe of them. 

2. The lamentable and pitiful eftate of a glorious church (in fo 
fhort a time, againft fo many bonds), in doftrine, facrament, and 
difcipline, fo fore perfecuted, in the perfons of faithful paftors and 
profefTors, and the door of God's houfe kept fo flrait by baftard 
porters, infomuch that worthy inftruments, able for the work, are 
held at the door, the rulers having turned over religion into policy, 
and the multitude ready to receive any religion that fhall be enjoined 
by authority. 

3. In our humiliation, befides that we are under a neceflity of 
deprecating God's wrath, and vowing to God fincerely new obedi- 
ence, the weaknefs, coldnefs, filence, and lukewarmnefs of fome of 
the befl of the miniftry, and the deadnefs of profeffors, who have 
fuiFered the truth both fecretly to be flolen away, and openly to 
be plucked from us, would be confeffed. 

4. Atheifm, idolatry, profanity, and vanity, fhould be confeffed ; 
our king's heart recommended to God ; and God intreated, that He 
would ftir up the nobles and the people to turn from their evil ways. 

Thus, Madam, hoping that your Ladyfhip will join with others, 
that fuch a work be not flighted, at fuch a neceflary time, when our 
kirk is at the overturning, I will promife to myfelf your help, as the 
Lord in fecrecy and prudence fhall enable you, that your Ladyfhip 
may rejoice with the Lord's people, when deliverance fhall come ; 
for true and fincere humiliation come always fpeed with God. And 

no LETTER XXX 11. [1634. 

when authority, king, court, and churchmen oppofe the truth, what 
other armour have we but prayer and faith ? whereby, if we wreftle 
with Him, there is ground to hope that thofe who would remove 
the burdenfome flone* out of its place, ihall but hurt their back, 
and the flone fhall not be moved, at leaft not removed. 

Grace, grace be with you, from Him who hath called you to 
the inheritance of the faints in light. 

Your Ladyfhip's at all fubmiiTive obedience in his fweet Lord 

S. R. 

Anwoth, Jan. 23, 1634. 

XXXII.— i^(?r Marion M^Naught. 

ISTRESS, — My love in Chrifl remembered. I am in 
care and fear for this work of our Lord's, now near 
approaching, becaufe of the danger of the time ; and I 
dare not for my foul be filent, to fee my Lord's houfe burning, and 
not cry, ^'Fire, fire ! " Therefore, feek from our Lord wifdom fpiri- 
tual, and not black policy, to fpeak with liberty our Lord's truth. — I 
am caft down, and would fain have accefs and prefence to The King 
that day, even howbeit I Ihould break up iron doors. I believe 
you will not forget me ; and you will defire Jean Brown, Thomas 
Carfbn, and Marion Carfon, to help me. Pray for well-cooked 
meat and an heartfomef Saviour, with joy crying, " Welcome in 
My Father's name." 

I am confident Zion fhall be well ; the Bufh fhall burn and 
not confume, for the good will of Him that dwelt in the bufh. 
But the Lord is making on J a fire in Jerufalem, and purpofeth to 
blow the bellows, and to melt the tin and brafs, and bring out a 

* Zech. xii. 3. f Cheerful. % Making on; putting the fuel in order. 

1634.] LETTER XXX I I. iii 

fair beautiful bride out of the furnace, that will be married over 
again upon the new Huiband, and fing as in the days of her youth, 
when the contrail of marriage is written over again. But I fear 
the bride be hidden for a time from the dragon that purfueth the 
woman with child. But what, howbeit we go and lurk in the 
wildernefs for a time ? for the Lord will take His kirk to the wilder- 
nefs, and fpeak to her heart. 

Nothing cafteth me down, but only I fear the Lord will caft 
down the fhepherd's tents, and feed His own in a fecret place. But 
let us, however matters frame,* cafl over the affairs of the bride 
upon the Bridegroom ; the government is upon His fhoulders, and 
He dowf bear us all well enough. That fallen ftar, the prince of the 
bottomlefs pit, knoweth it is near the time when he fhall be tor- 
mented ; and now in his evening he has gathered his armies, to win 
one battle or two, in the edge of the evening, at the fun going down. 
And when our Lord has been watering His vineyards in France, 
and Germany, and Bohemia, how can we think ourfelves Chrift's 
filler, if we be not like Him, and our other great fifters ? I cannot 
but think, feeing the ends of the earth are given to Chrifl::f (and 
Scotland is the end of the earth, and fo we are in Chrifl's charter- 
tailzie§), but our Lord will keep His poiTeflion. We fall by promife 
and law to Chrift. He won us with the fweat of His brow, if I 
may fay fo ; His Father promifed Him His liferent of Scotland. 
Glory, glory to our ICing ! long may He wear His crown. O 
Lord, let us never fee another ICing ! O let Him come down like 
rain upon the new-mown grafs ! 

I had you in remembrance on Saturday in the morning laft, in 
a great meafure, and was brought, thrice on end,|| in remembrance 
of you in my prayer to God. Grace, grace be your portion. 
Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Anwoth, March 2, 1634. 

* Turn out; fucceed. f Is able to. % Ps. ii. 8. 

§ Charter of entail. || In fucceflion. 




XXXIII.— i^cr Marion M^Naught. 

ISTRESS,— My love in Chrift remembered. Pleafe you 
underftand, to my grief, our Communion is delayed till 
Sabbath come eight days ; for the laird and lady hath 
earneftly defired me to delay it, becaufe the laird is fick, and he 
fears he be not able to travel, becaufe he has lately taken phyfic. 
The Lord blefs that work. Commend it to God as you love me, 
for I love not Satan's thorns cafl in the Lord's way. The Lord 
rebuke him. I truft in God's mercy, Satan has gotten but a delay, 
but no free difcharge that his kingdom fhall not be hurt. Com- 
mend the laird to your God. I pray you advertife your people, 
that they be not difappointed in coming here. Show fuch of them 
as you love in Chrift, from me, that Jefus Chrift will be welcome, 
when He comes, in that He has fharpened their defires for eight 
days' fpace. Your daughter is well, I hope, every way. Forget 
not God's kirk ; they are but baftards, and not fons and daughters, 
that mourn not for Zion. Lord hear us ! No further. Jefus 
Chrifl be with your fpirit. I fhall remember you and your new 
houfe. Lord Jefus go from the one houfe to the other. 
Yours at all power in the Lord, 

S. R. 

XXXIV.— i^cr Marion M'Naught. 


ELL-BELOVED SISTER,— My old and dearefl love in 
Chrifl remembered. Know that I have been vifiting 
my Lady Kenmure. Her child is with the Lord. I 

i634-] LETTER XXXIV. 113 

entreat you, vifit her, and defire the good- wife* of Barcapple to 
vifit her, and Kjiockbrecks (Mr Gordon), if you fee him in the 
town. My Lord her hufband is abfent, and I think fhe will be 
heavy. You know what Mr W. Dalgleifh and I defired you to 
deal for, at my Lord Kirkcudbright's hand. Send me word if 
you obtained anything at my Lord's hands, anent the giving up of 
our names to the High Commiffion ; for I hear it is not for nothing 
that the Bi(hop hath taken that courfe. Our Lord knows beft what 
is good for an old kirk that is fallen from her iirft love, and hath 
forgotten her Huiband days without number. A trial is like to 
come on ; but I am fure our Huibandman Chrift fhall lofe chafF, 
but no corn at all. Yet there is a dry wind coming, but neither 
to fan nor to purge. Happy are they who are not blown away 
with the chaff, for we will but fuffer temptation for ten days ; but 
thofe who are faithful to the death fhall receive the crown of life. 
I hear daily what hath been fpoken of myfelf, moft unjuftly and 
fallely; and no marvel, — the dragon, with the fwing of his tail, 
hath made the third part of the ftars to fall from heaven, and the 
fallen ftars would have many to fall with them. If ever Satan was 
busy, now, when he knoweth his time is fhort, he is bufy. " Yet a 
little while, and He that fhall come will come, and will not tarry." 
I know, ere it be long, the Lord fhall come and reddf all pleas 
betwixt us and our enemies. Now welcome. Lord Jefus, go fail. 

Send me word about Grizel, your daughter, whom I remember 
in Chrift •, and defire her to caft herfelf in His arms who was born 
of a woman, and, being the Ancient of days, was made a young 
weeping child. It was not for nothing that our brother Jefus was 
an infant. It was that He might pity infants of believers, who 
were to come out of the womb into the world. I believe our 
Lord Jefus fhall be waiting on, with mercy, mercy, mercy, to the 
end of that battle, and bring her through with life and peace, and 

* Like ** the good-man of the houfe," Luke xii. 39 ; one of the indepen- 
dent yeomanry of the day. Barcaple is in the ftewartry of Kircudbright, in 
the parifh of Tongueland. 

t Settle, clear up. 

VOL. I. H 

114 LETTER XXXV. [1634. 

a fign of God's favour. I will expeft advertifement from you, and 
efpecially if you fear her. Miflrefs, you remember that I faid to 
you anent your love to me and my brother, begun in Chrift ; you 
know we are here but ft rangers, and you have not yet found us a 
dry well, as others have been. Be not overcome of any fufpicion. 
I truft in God that the Lord, who knit us together, fhall keep us 
together. It is time now that the lambs of Jefus fhould all run 
together, when the wolf is barking at them ; yet I know, ere God's 
bairns want a crofs, their love amongst themfelves fhall be a crofs ; 
but our Lord giveth love for another end. I know you will, with 
love, cover infirmities ; and our Lord ^ve you wifdom in all things. 
I think love hath broad fhoulders, and will bear many things, and 
yet neither faint nor fweat, nor fall under the burden. 

Commend me to your hufband and dear Grizel. I think on 
her. Lord Jefus be in the furnace with her, and then fhe will but 
fmoke and not burn. Defire Mr Robert* to excufe my not feeing 
of him at his houfe. I have my own reafons therefor.f Grace, 
mercy, and peace be with you. 

Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, n -p 

Anwoth, April 2$, 1634- 

XXX\^. — To my Lady Kenmure, o?i the death of a child. 


ADAM, — All fubmiilive and dutiful obedience in our 
Lord Jefus remembered. I truft I need not much en- 
treat your Ladyfhip to look to Him who hath ftricken 
you at this time -, but my duty, in the memory of that comfort I 
found in your Ladyfhip's kindnefs, when I was no lefs heavy (in a 
cafe not unlike that), fpeaketh to me to fay fomething now. And I 

* Mr Robert Glendinning, the minifter. 

t For this; as in our metre verfion, Ps. cvi. 40, etc. 

1634.] LETTER XXXV. 115 

vvifh I could eafe your Ladyfhip, at leafl: with words. I am per- 
fuaded your Phyfician will not flay you, but purge you, feeing He 
calleth Himfelf the Chirurgeon, who maketh the wound and bindeth 
it up again ; for to lance a wound is not to kill, but to cure the 
patient.* I believe faith will teach you to kifs a ftriking Lord ; and 
fo acknowledge the fovereignty of God (in the death of a child) to 
be above the power of us mortal men, who may pluck up a flower 
in the bud, and not be blamed for it. If our dear Lord pluck up 
one of His rofes, and pull down four and green fruit before harvefl, 
who can challenge Him ? For He fendeth us to His world, as men 
to a market, wherein fome fl:ay many hours, and eat and drink, and 
buy and fell, and pafs through the fair, till they be weary ; and fuch 
are thofe who live long and get a heavy fill of this life. And others 
again come flipping in to the morning market, and do neither fit nor 
fl:and, nor buy nor fell, but look about them a little, and pafs 
prefently home again ; and thefe are infants and young ones, who 
end their fliort market in the morning, and get but a fliort view of 
the fair. Our Lord, who hath numbered man's months, and fet 
him bounds that he cannot pafs,f hath written the length of our 
market, and it is eafier to complain of the decree than to change it. 
I verily believe, when I write this, your Lord hath taught your 
Ladyfliip to lay your hand on your mouth. But I fliall be far from 
defiring your Ladyfliip, or any others, to cafl by a crofs, like an old 
ufelefs bill that is only for the fire ; but rather would wifli each 
crofs were looked in the face feven times, and were read over and 
over again. It is the meflenger of the Lord, and fpeaks fomething ; 
and the man of underflanding will hear the rod, and Him that hath 
appointed it. Try what is the tafl:e of the Lord's cup, and drink 
with God's blefling, that ye may grow thereby. I trufl in God, 
whatever fpeech it utter to your foul, this is one word in it, — " Be- 
hold, blefl^ed is the man whom God correfteth ;"J and that it faith 
to you, " Ye are from home while here ; ye are not of this world, 

* Deut. xxxii. 39 \ i Sam. ii. 6; Job v. 18 ; Hos. vi. i. 
tjobxiv. 5. tjobv. 17. 

1 16 LETTER XXXV I. [1634. 

as your Redeemer, Chrifl, was not of this world." There is some- 
thing keeping for you, which is worth the having. All that is here 
is condemned to die, to pafs away like a fnow-ball before a fummer 
fun ; and fmce death took firfl pofleffion of fomething of yours, it 
hath been and daily is creeping nearer and nearer to yourfelf, how- 
beit with no noife of feet. Your Hufbandman and Lord hath lopped 
off fome branches already ; the tree itfelf is to be tranfplanted to 
the high garden. In a good time be it. Our Lord ripen your 
Ladyfhip. All thefe crofTes (and indeed, when I remember them, 
they are heavy and many, — peace, peace be the end of them !) are 
to make you white and ripe for the Lord's harvefl-hook. I have 
feen the Lord weaning you from the breafls of this world. It was 
never His mind it fhould be your patrimony ; and God be thanked 
for that. Ye look the liker one of the heirs. Let the moveables 
go ; why not ? They are not yours. Fallen your grips* upon 
the heritage ; and our Lord Jefus make the charters fure, and ^ve 
your Ladyfhip to grow as a palm-tree on God's mount Zion ; how- 
beit fhaken with winds, yet the root is fail:. This is all I can do, 
to recommend your cafe to your Lord, who hath you written upon 
the palms of His hand. If I were able to do more, your Ladyfhip 
may believe me that gladly I would. I truft fhortly to fee your 
Ladyfhip. Now He who hath called you, confirm and Aablifh your 
heart in grace unto the Day of the Liberty of the Sons of God. 
Your Ladyfhip at all fubmifTive obedience in his fweet Lord Jefus, 
Anwoth, April 2<), 1634. S. R. 

XXXVI.— i^or Marion M^Naught. 

ELL-BELOVED MISTRESS,— My love in Chrift re- 
membered. I hear this day your town is to choofe a 
commifTioner for the Parliament ; and I was written to 

* Firm grafp. 

1634.] LETTER XX XV 11. 117 

from Edinburgh, to fee that good men fhould be chofen in your 
bounds. And I have heard this day that Robert Glendoning or 
John Ewart look to be chofen. I befeech you fee this be not. The 
Lord's caufe craveth other witnefFes to fpeak for Him than fuch 
men ; and, therefore, let it not be faid that Kirkcudbright, which is 
fpoken of in this kingdom for their religion, hath fent a man to be 
their mouth that will fpeak againft Chrifl. Such a time as this will 
not fall out once in half an age. I would intreat your hufband to 
take it upon him. It is an honourable and neceffary fervice for 
Chrift ; and ihew him that I wrote unto you for that effe(ft. I fear 
William Glendoning hath not fkill and authority. I am in great 
heavinefs. Pray for me, for we muft take our life in our hand in 
this ill time. Let us flir up ourfelves, to lay our Lord's bride and 
her wrongs before our Hufband and Lord. Lord Jefus be with 
your fpirit. 

Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Anwoth, May 20. 

XXXVIL — To my Lady Kenmure. 



as I call to mind the comforts that I myfelf, a poor 
friendlefs Granger, received from your Ladyihip here 
in a flrange part of the country, when my Lord took from me the 
delight of mine eyes,* as the Word fpeaketh (which wound is not 
yet fully healed and cured), I truft your Lord fhall remember that, 
and give you comfort now at fuch a time as this, wherein your 
deareil Lord hath made you a widow, that ye may be a free 

* Ezek. xxiv. 16. 

ii8 LETTER XXXVII. [1634. 

woman for Chrift, who is now fuiting for marriage-love of you. 
And therefore, fmce you lie alone in your bed, let Chrifl be as a 
bundle of myrrh, to fleep and lie all the night betwixt your breafts,* 
and then your bed is better filled than before. And feeing, amongft 
all croffes fpoken of in our Lord's Word, this giveth you a parti- 
cular right to make God your Hufband (which was not fo yours 
while your hufband was alive), read God's mercy out of this 
vifitation. And albeit I muft out of fome experience fay, the 
mourning for the huiband of your youth be, by God's own mouth, 
the heaviefl worldly forrow ;f and though this be the weightielf 
burden that ever lay upon your back ; yet ye know (when the fields 
are emptied and your hufband now afleep in the Lord), if ye fhall 
wait upon Him who hideth His face for a while, that it lieth upon 
God's honour and truth to fill the field, and to be a Hufband to the 
widow. See and confider then what ye have lofi, and how little it 
is. Therefore, Madam, let me intreat you, in the bowels of Chrift 
Jefus, and by the comforts of His Spirit, and your appearance 
before Him, let God, and men, and angels now fee what is in 
you. The Lord hath pierced the vefTel ; it will be known whether 
there be in it wine or water. Let your faith and patience be feen, 
that it may be known your only beloved firfl and laft hath been 
Chrifi. And, therefore, now ware J your whole love upon Him ; 
He alone is a luitable obje6l for your love and all the afFeftions of 
your foul. God hath dried up one channel of your love by the 
removal of your hufband. Let now that fpeat§ run upon Chrift. 
Your Lord and lover hath gracioufly taken out your hufband's 
name and your name out of the fummonfes that are raifed at the 
inftance of the terrible fm-revenging Judge of the world againft the 
houfe of the Kenmure. And I dare fay that God's hammering of 
you from your youth is only to make you a fair carved ftone in the 
high upper temple of the New Jerufalem. Your Lord never 
thought this world's vain painted glory a gift worthy of you ; and 

* Cant. i. 13. t Joel '• 8. + To ^uare, is to expend. 

§ Flood; often written _>$>«//. It is the Celtic ^<?/W, a great river-flood. 

1634.] LETTER XXXV 11. 119 

therefore would not bellow it on you, becaufe He is to propine* 
you with a better portion. Let the moveables go ; the inheritance 
is yours. Ye are a child of the houfe, and joy is laid up for you ; 
it is long in coming, but not the worfe for that. I am now expell- 
ing to fee, and that with joy and comfort, that which I hoped of 
you fmce I knew you fully, even that ye have laid fuch flrength 
upon the Holy One of Ifrael, that ye defy troubles, and that your 
foul is a caftle that may be befieged, but cannot be taken. What 
have ye to do here ? This world never looked like a friend upon 
you. Ye owe it little love. It looked ever four-like upon you. 
Howbeit ye ihould woo it, it will not match with you ; and 
therefore never feek warm fire under cold ice. This is not a field 
where your happinefs groweth ; it is up above, where there are a 
great multitude, which no man can number, of all nations, and 
kindreds, and people, and tongues, ilanding before the throne and 
before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their 
hands.f What ye could never get here ye fhall find there. And 
withall confider how in all thefe trials (and truly they have been 
many) your Lord hath been loofmg you at the root from perifhing 
things, and hunting after you to grip J your foul. Madam, for the 
Son of God's fake, let Him not mifs His grip,:}: but flay and abide 
in the love of God, as Jude faith. § 

Now, Madam, I hope your Ladyihip will take thefe lines in good 
part ; and wherein I have fallen fhort and failed to your Ladyihip, 
in not evidencing what I was obliged to you more-than-undeferved 
love and refpe6l, I requefl for a full pardon for it. Again, my 
dear and noble lady, let me befeech you to lift up your head, for 
the day of your redemption draweth near. And remember, that 
fiar that fhined in Galloway is now fhining in another world. Now 
I pray that God may anfwer, in His own flyle, to your foul, and that 
He may be to you the God of all confolations. Thus I remain, 
Your Ladyfhip's at all dutiful obedience in the Lord, 

Anwoth, Sept. 14, 1634. S. R. 

* Prefent. f R^v. vi". 9. % Take firm hold of. § Jude ver. 21. 

120 LETTER XXXVIIL [1634. 

XXXyill.—To Marion M^Naught. 



ISTRESS, — My dearefl love in Chrifl remembered. I 
entreat you charge your foul to return to reft, and to 
glorify your dearefl Lord in believing ; and know that 
for the good- will of Him that dwelleth in the bufh, the burning kirk 
Ihall not be confumed to afhes -, but " BleiTmg fhall come on the 
head of Jofeph, and upon the top of the head of him that was 
feparate from his brethren."* And are not the faints feparate from 
their brethren, and fold and hated? " For the archers have forely 
grieved Jofeph, and fhot at him and hated him •, but his bow abode 
in ftrength, and the arms of his hands were made ftrong by the 
hands of the mighty God of Jacob."f From Him is the Shepherd 
and the Stone of Ifrael. The Stone of Ifrael fhall not be broken in 
pieces ; it is hammered upon by the children of this world, and we 
fhall live and not die. Our Lord hath done all this, to fee if we will 
believe, and not give over ; and I am perfuaded you mufl of neces- 
iity flick by your work. The eye of Chrifl hath been upon all this 
bufmefs ; and He taketh good heed to who is for Him, and who is 
againfl Him. Let us do our part, as we would be approved of 
Chrifl. The Son of God is near to His enemies. If they were 
not deaf, they may hear the dinn of His feet ; and He will come 
with a ftart upon His weeping bairns, and take them on His knee, 
and lay their head in His bofom, and dry their watery eyes. And 
this day is fafl coming. " Yet a little time, and the vifion will fpeak, 
it will not tarry."J Thefe queftions betwixt us and our adverfaries 
will all be decided in yonder day, when the Son of God fhall come, 
and redd all pleas ; § and it will be feen whether we or they have 

* Deut. xxxiii. 16. f Gen. xlix. 23, 24. ; Hab. ii. .3. 

§ Settle all difputed cafes. 

1634-] LETTER XXXVIII. 121 

been for Chrift, and who have been pleading for Baal. It is not 
known what we are now ; but when our Life ihall appear in glory, 
then we ihall fee who laughs faftefl that day. Therefore, we muft 
poflefs our fouls in patience, and go into our chamber and reft, 
whill* the indignation be paft. We fhall not weep long when our 
Lord fhall take us up, in the day that He gathereth His jewels. 
" They that feared the Lord fpoke often one to another, and the 
Lord hearkened and heard it, and a book of remembrance was 
written before Him, for them that feared the Lord, and thought 
upon His name."f I fhall never be of another faith, but that our 
Lord is heating a furnace for the enemies of His kirk in Scotland. 
It is true the fpoufe of Chrift hath played the harlot, and hath left 
her iirft Hufband, and the enemies think they offend not, for we 
have fmned againft the Lord ; but they fhall get the devil to their 
thanks. The rod fhall be caft into the fire, that we may fmg as in 
the days of our youth. My dear friend, therefore, lay down your 
head upon Chrift's breaft. Weep not ; the Lion of the tribe of 
Judah will arife. The fun is gone down upon the prophets, and 
our gold is become dim, and the Lord feedeth His people with 
waters of gall and wormwood ; yet Chrift ftandeth but behind the 
wall. His bowels are moved for Scotland. He waiteth, as Ifaiah 
faith, that He may fhow mercy. If we could go home, and take 
our brethren with us, weeping with our face towards Zion, afking 
the way thitherward. He would bring back our captivity. We 
may not think that God has no care of His honour, while men 
tread it under their feet ; He will cloth Himfelf with vengeance, as 
with a cloak, and appear againft our enemies for our deliverance. 
Ye were never yet beguiled, and God will not now begin with you. 
Wreftle ftill with the angel of the covenant, and you fhall get the 
blefling. Fight ! He delighteth to be overcome by wreftling. 

Commend me to Grizel. Defire her to learn to know the ad- 
verfaries of the Lord, and to take them as her adverfaries, and to 
learn to know the right gate J into the Son of God. O but acquaint- 

* Till. t Mai. iii. 16. % Way to go to. 

122 LETTER XXXIX. [1634. 

ance with the Son of God, to fay, " My Well-beloved is mine, and 
I am His," is a fweet and glorious courfe of life, that none know 
but thofe who are fealed and marked in the forehead with Chrift's 
mark, and the new name, that Chrifl writeth upon His own. 
Grace, grace, and mercy be with you. 

Yours in Chrift, 

S. R. 

Anwoth, Sept, ^Sy 1634. 

XXXIX. — To my Lady Kenmure. 

I ADAM, — All dutiful obedience in our Lord remembered. 
I know ye are now near one of thofe ftraits in which 
ye have been before. But becaufe your outward com- 
forts are fewer, I pray Him, whofe ye are, to fupply what ye want 
another way. For howbeit we cannot win* to the bottom of His 
wife providence, who ruleth all •, yet it is certain this is not only good 
which the Almighty hath done, but it is beft. He hath reckoned 
all your Heps to heaven-, and if your Ladyfhip were through this 
water, there are the fewer behind ; and if this were the laft, I hope 
your Ladyfhip hath learned by on-waiting to make your acquaintance 
with death, which being to the Lord, the woman's feed, Jefus, only 
a bloody heel and not a broken head,f cannot be ill to His friends, 
who get far lefs of death than Himfelf. Therefore, Madam, fee- 
ing ye know not but the journey is ended, and ye are come to the 
water-fide, in God's wifdom look all your papers and your counts, 
and whether ye be ready to receive the kingdom of heaven as a little 
child, in whom there is little haughtinefs and much humility. I 
would be far from discouraging your Ladyfhip ; but there is an ab- 
folute neceffity that, near eternity, we look ere we leap, feeing no 

* Get at. t Gen. iii. 15. 

1634.] LETTER XXX IX. 123 

man winneth back again to mend his leap. I am confident your 
Ladyfhip thinketh often upon it, and that your old Guide fhall go 
before you and take your hand. His love to you will not grow 
four, nor wear out of date, as the love of men, which groweth old 
and gray-haired often before themfelves. Ye have fo much the 
more reafon to love a better life than this, becaufe this world 
hath been to you a cold fire, with little heat to the body, and as 
little light, and much fmoke to hurt the eyes. But, Madam, your 
Lord would have you thinking it but dry breads, full of wind and 
empty of food. In this late vifitation that hath befallen your Lady- 
fhip, ye have feen God's love and care, in fuch a meafure that I 
thought our Lord brake the fharp point off the crofs, and made us 
and your Ladyfhip fee Chrift take poffefTion and infeftment upon 
earth, of him who is now reigning and triumphing with the hundred 
forty and four thoufand who ftand with the Lamb on Mount Zion. 
I know the fweetefl of it is bitter to you ; but your Lord will not ^ve 
you painted crofles. He pareth not all the bitternefs from the crofs, 
neither taketh He the fharp edge quite from it ; then * it fhould be 
of your waling f and not of His, which fhould have as little reason 
in it as it ihould have profit for us. Only, Madam, God commandeth 
you now to believe and cafl anchor in the dark night, and climb up 
the mountain. He who hath called you, eftablifh you and confirm 
you to the end. 

I had a purpofe to have vifited your Ladyfhip -, but when I 
thought better upon it, the truth is, I cannot fee what my company 
would profit you ; and this hath broken off my purpofe, and no 
other thing. I know many honourable friends and worthy pro- 
fefibrs will fee your Ladyfhip, and that the Son of God is with you, 
to whofe love and mercy, from my foul, I recommend your Lady- 
fhip, and remain, 

Your Ladyfhip's at all dutiful obedience in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Anwoth, aw. 29, 1634. 

*■ In that cafe. f Choofmg, felecting. 

24 LETTER XL. [1634. 

XL. — To my Lady Kenmure. 


ADAM, — My humble obedience in the Lord remembered. 
Know it hath pleafed the Lord to let me fee, by all ap- 
pearance, that my labours in God's houfe here are at 
an end ; and I muft now learn to fuffer, in the which I am a dull 
fcholar. By a flrange providence, fome of my papers, anent the 
corruptions of this time, are come to the King's hand. I know, by 
the wife and well-afFe6led I fhall be cenfured as not wife nor circum- 
fpecH: enough ; but it is ordinary, that that fhould be a part of the crofs 
of thofe who fufFer for Him. Yet I love and pardon the inflrument ; 
I would commit my life to him, howbeit by him this hath befallen 
me. But I look higher than to him. I make no queflion of your 
Ladyfhip's love and care to do what ye can for my help, and am 
perfuaded that, in my adverfities, your Ladyfhip will wifh me well. 
I feek no other thing but that my Lord may be honoured by me in 
^ving a teflimony. I was willing to do Him more fervice; but 
feeing He will have no more of my labours, and this land will thruft 
me out, I pray for grace to learn to be acquaint with milery, if I 
may ^ve fo rough a name to fuch a mark of thofe who fhall be 
crowned with Chrift. And howbeit I will poffibly prove a faint- 
hearted, unwife man in that, yet I dare fay I intend otherwife; and 
I defire not to go on the lee-fide or funny fide of religion, or to 
put truth betwixt me and a florm: my Saviour did not fo for 
me, who in His fufFering took the windy fide of the hill. No 
farther; but the Son of God be with you. 

Your Ladyfhip's in the Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

AnwoTH, Dec. 5, 1 634' 

634-] LETTER XLL 125 

^lA.—For Marion M'Naught. 


ELL-BELOVED SISTER,— My love in Chrift remem- 
bered. I hear of good news anent our kirk ; but I 
fear that our King will not be refifted, and therefore 
let us not be fecure and carelefs. I do wonder if this kirk come 
not through our Lord's fan, fmce there is fo much chafFin it ; how- 
beit I perfuade myfelf, the Son of God's wheat will not be blown 
away. Let us be putting on God's armour, and be ftrong in the 
Lord. If the devil and Zion's enemies flrike a hole in that armour, 
let our Lord fee to that -, — let us put it on, and ftand. We have 
Jefus on our fide ; and they are not worthy fuch a Captain, who 
would not take a blow, at His back. We are in fight of His colours -, 
His banner over us is love ; look up to that white banner, and (land, 
I perfuade you, in the Lord of viflory. 

My brother writeth to me of your heavinefs, and of temptations 
that prefs you fore. I am content it be fo : you bear about with 
you the mark of the Lord Jefus. So it was with the Lord's apoAle, 
when he was to come with the Gofpel to Macedonia : * his flefh had 
no refl ; he was troubled on every fide, and knew not what fide to 
turn him unto ; without were fightings, and within were fears. In 
the great work of our redemption, your lovely, beautiful, and glo- 
rious Friend and Well-beloved Jefus, was brought to tears and 
ftrong cries ; fo as His face was wet with tears and blood, arifing 
from a holy fear and the weight of the curfe. Take a drink of the 
Son of God's cup, and love it the better that He drank of it before 
you. There is no poifon in it. I wonder many times that ever a 
child of God fhould have a fad heart, confidering what their Lord 
is preparing for them. 

* 2 Cor. vii. 5. 

126 LETTER XLL [1634. 

Is your mind troubled anent that bufinefs that we have now in 
hand in Edinburgh ?* I truft in my Lord, the Lord fhall in the 
end give to you your heart's defire ; even howbeit the bufmefs 
frame f not, the Lord fhall feed your foul, and all the hungry fouls 
in that town. Therefore I requeft you in the Lord, pray for a fub- 
miiTive will, and pray as your Lord Jefus bids you, " Thy will be 
done on earth, as it is in heaven." And let it be that your faith be 
brangledj with temptations, believe ye that there is a tree in our 
Lord's garden that is not often fhaken with wind from all the four 
airts ?§ Surely there is none. Rebuke your foul, as the Lord's 
prophet doth : ** Why art thou cafl down, O my foul ? why art 
thou difquieted within me ?"|| That was the word of a man who 
was at the very overgoing of the brae^I and mountain ; but God 
held a grip of him. Swim through your temptations and troubles 
to be at that lovely, amiable perfon, Jefus, to whom your foul is 
dear. In your temptations run to the promifes : they be our Lord's 
branches hanging over the water, that our Lord's filly, half-drowned 
children may take a grip of them ; if you let that grip go, you will 
fall to the ground. Are you troubled with the cafe of God's 
kirk ? Our Lord will evermore have her betwixt the fmking and 
the fwimming. He will have her going through a thoufand deaths, 
and through hell, as a cripple woman, halting, and wanting the 
power of her one fide,** that God may be her ftaff. That broken 
fhip will come to land, becaufe Jefus is the pilot. Faint not ; you 
fhall fee the falvation of God, — elfe fay, that God never fpake His 
word by my mouth ; and I had rather never have been born, ere 
it were fo with me. But my Lord hath fealed me. I dare not deny 
I have alfo been in heavinefs fince I came from you, fearing for my 
unthankfulnefs that I be deferted. But the Lord will be kind to 
me, whether I will or not. I repofe thatff much in His rich grace, 

* Referring to the efforts then making by feveral eminent Prefbylerian 
minifters, to obtain redrefs from grievances inflicted by the prelatic party, 
t Yet even if it turn out not fo (as in Let. 187); fucceed. 
X Shaken. § Quarters of the heavens. || Ps. xlii. 11. 

^ Hill-fide. ** Micah iv. 6, 7. tt So much. 

1634.] LETTER XLL 127 

that He will be loath to change upon me. As you love me, pray 
for me in this particular. 

After advifmg with Carletoun, I have written to Mr David 
Dicklbn anent Mr Hugh M'Kail,* and defired him to write his mind 
to Carletoun, and Carletoun to Edinburgh, that they may particu- 
larly remember Mr Hugh to the Lord ; and I happened upon a 
convenient trufty bearer by God's wonderful providence. No 
further. I recommend you to the Lord's grace, and your hufband 
and children. The Lord Jefus be with your fpirit. 
Yours in the Lord, 

S. R. 
Edinburgh, 1634. 

P.S. — Mistress, — I had not time to give my advice to your 
daughter Grizel ; you fhall carry my words therefore to her. Show 
her now, that in refpeft of her tender age, ihe is in a manner as clean 
paper, ready to receive either good or ill ; and that it were a fweet 
and glorious thing for her to give herfelf up to Chrifl, that He may 
write upon her His Father's name, and His own new name. And 
defire her to acquaint herfelf with the book of God ; the promifes 
that our Lord writes upon His own, and performeth in them and for 
them, are contained there. I perfuade you, when I think that fhe is 
in the company of fuch parents, and hath occafion to learn Chrift, I 
think Chrifl is wooing her foul ; and I pray God fhe may not refufe 
fuch a hufband. And therefore I charge her, and befeech her by 
the mercies of God, by the wounds and blood of Him who died 
for her, by the word of truth, which fhe heareth, and can read, 
by the coming of the Son of God to judge the world, that fhe 
would fulfil your joy, and learn Chrifl, and walk in Chrifl. She 
fhall think this the truth of God many years after this ; and I will 
promife to myfelf, in refpeft of the beginnings that I have feen, 
that fhe fhall give herfelf to Him that gave Himfelf for her. Let 
her begin at prayer ; for if fhe remember her Creator in the days 

* See Let. 71. 

128 LETTER XL 11. [1634. 

of her youth, He will claim kindnefs to her in her old age. It fhall 
be a part of my prayers, that this may be efFeftual in her, by Him 
who is able to do exceeding abundantly, to whofe grace again I 
recommend you, and her, and all yours. 

XLII. — To my Lady Kenmure. 


ADAM, — The caufe of my not writing to your Ladyfhip 
was not my forgetfulnefs of you, but the want of the 
opportunity of a convenient bearer ; for I am under 
more than a fimple obligation to be kind (on paper, at leaft) to 
your Ladyfhip. I blefs our Lord, through Chrifl, who hath 
brought you home again to your own country from that place,* 
where ye have feen with your eyes that which our Lord's truth 
taught you before, to wit, that worldly glory is nothing but a vapour, 
a fhadow, the foam of the water, or fomething lefs and lighter, even 
nothing ; and that our Lord hath not without caufe faid in His 
Word, "The countenance," or fafhion, *'of this world pafTeth 
away,"f — in which place our Lord compareth it to an image in a 
looking-glafs, for it is the looking-glafs of Adam's fons. Some 
come to the glafs, and fee in it the pidlure of honour, — and but a 
picture indeed, for true honour is to be great in the fight of God ; 
and others fee in it the fhadow of riches, — and but a fhadow indeed, 
for durable riches ftand as one of the maids of Wifdom upon her 
left hand ;J and a third fort fee in it the face of painted pleafiires, 
and the beholders will not believe but the image they fee in this 
glafs is a living man, till the Lord come and break the glafs in 
pieces and remove the face, and then, like Pharaoh awakened, they 
fay, "And behold it was a dream." I know your Ladyfhip thinketh 

* Edinburgh. t i Cor. vii. 31. % Prov. iii. 16. 

1634.] LETTER XLIL 129 

yourfelf little in the common* of this world, for the favourable 
afpeft of any of thefe three painted faces ; and bleffed be our Lord 
that it is fo. The better for you, Madam ; they are not worthy to 
be wooers, to fuitf in marriage your foul, that look to no higher 
match than to be married upon painted clay. Know, therefore. 
Madam, the place whither our Lord Jefus cometh to woo a bride, 
it is even in the furnace : for if ye be one of Zion's daughters 
(which I ever put beyond all queftion, fince I firfl had occaflon to 
fee in your Ladyihip fuch pregnant evidences of the grace of God), 
the Lord, who hath His fire in Zion, and His furnace in Jerufalem, J 
is purifying you in the furnace. And therefore be content to live 
in it, and every day to be adding and fewing-to a pafment§ to your 
wedding garment, that ye may be at laft decored |1 and trimmed as 
a bride for Chrift, a bride of His own bufking, beautified in the 
hidden man of the heart. " Forgetting your father's houfe, fo fhall 
the King greatly defire your beauty." f If your Ladyfhip be not 
changed (as I hope ye are not), I believe ye efteem yourfelf to be 
of thofe whom God hath tried thefe many years, and refined as 
filver. But, Madam, I will fhew your Ladyfiiip a privilege that 
others want, and ye have, in this cafe. Such as are in profperity, 
and are fatted with earthly joys, and increafed with children and 
friends, though the Word of God is indeed written to fuch for 
their infi:ru(fi:ion, yet to you, who are in trouble (fpare me. Madam, 
to fay this), from whom the Lord hath taken many children, and 
whom He hath exercifed otherwife, there are fome chapters, fome 
particular promifes in the Word of God, made in a moft fpecial 
manner, which fhould never have been yours, fo as they now are, 
if you had your portion in this life, as others. And, therefore, all 
the comforts, promifes, and mercies God offereth to the afflifted, 
they are as fo many love-letters written to you. Take them to you. 
Madam, and claim your right, and be not robbed. It is no fmall 

* Under obligation to ; a phrafe derived from dining at a common table in 
a college, — a privilege enjoyed by fpecial favour. 

t Woo. X Ifa. xxxi. 9. § Ornament, piece of lace. 

II Adorned. ^[ Ps. xlv. ir. 

VOL. I. I 

130 LETTER XLIL [1634. 

comfort, that God hath written fome fcriptures to you, which He 
hath not written to others. Ye feem rather in this to be envied 
than pitied ; and ye are indeed in this, like people of another world, 
and thofe that are above the ordinary rank of mankind, whom our 
King and Lord, our Bridegroom Jefus, in His love-letter to His 
well-beloved fpoufe, hath named befide all the reft. He hath 
written comforts and His hearty commendations, in the 56th of 
Ifaiah, vers. 4, 5 ; Pfalm cxlviii. 2, 3, to you. Read thefe and 
the like, and think your God is like a friend that fendeth a letter to 
a whole houfe and family, but fpeaketh in His letter to fome by 
name, that are dearefl to Him in the houfe. Ye are, then. Madam, 
of the deareft friends of the Bridegroom. If it were lawful, I 
would envy you, that God honoured 3'ou fo above many of His 
dear children. Therefore, Madam, your part is, in this cafe (feeing 
God taketh nothing from you but that which He is to fupply with 
His own prefence), to defire your Lord to know His own room, 
and take it even upon Him to come in, in the room of dead chil- 
dren. " Jehovah, know Thy own place, and take it to Thee," is 
all ye have to fay. 

Madam, I perfuade myfelf that this world is to you an unco* 
inn ; and that ye are like a traveller, who hath his bundle upon his 
back, and his flaif in his hand, and his feet upon the door-threfhold. 
Go forward, honourable and eleft lady, in the flrength of your 
Lord (let the world bide at home and keep the houfe), with your 
face toward Him, who longeth more for a fight of you than ye 
can do for Him. Ere it be long. He will fee us. I hope to fee 
you laugh as cheerfully after noon, as ye have mourned before 
noon. The hand of the Lord, the hand of the Lord be with you 
in your journey. What have ye to do here } This is not your 
mountain of reft. Arife, then, and fet your foot up the mountain ; 
go up out of the wildernefs, leaning upon the fhoulder of your 
Beloved. f If ye knew the welcome that abideth you when ye 
come home, ye would haften your pace ; for ye ihall fee your 

* Strange. t Cant. viii. 5. 

I634-] LETTER XLIIL 131 

Lord put up His own holy hand to your face, and wipe all tearvS 
from your eyes ; and I trow, then ye fhall have fome joy of heart. 

Madam, paper willeth me to end before affection. Remember 
the eftate of Zion ; pray that Jerufalem may be as Zechariah pro- 
phefied, " a burdenfome ftone for all,"* that whofoever boweth 
down to roll the ftone out of the way, may hurt and break the 
joints of their back, and flrain their arms, and disjoint their fhoulder- 
blades. And pray Jehovah that the flone may lie ftill in its own 
place, and keep bandf with the corner-ftone. I hope it fhall be fo ; 
He is a fkilled Mafler-builder who laid it. 

I would, Madam, under great heavinefs be refrefhed with two 
lines from your Ladyfhip, which I refer to your own wifdom. 
Madam, I would feem undutiful not to {how you, that great folici- 
tation is made by the town of Kirkcudbright for to have the ufe of 
my poor labours amongft them. If the Lord fhall call, and His 
people cry, who am I to refift ? But without His feen calling, and 
till the flock whom I now overfee be planted with one to whom I 
dare intruft Chrifl's fpoufe, gold nor filver nor favour of men, I hope, 
fhall not loofe me. I leave your Ladyfliip, praying more earneftly 
for grace and mercy to be with you, and multiplied upon you, here 
and hereafter, than my pen can exprefs. The Lord Jefus be with 
your fpirit. 

Your Ladyfhip's at all obedience in the Lord. 

XLIIL — For Marion M'Naught. 


love in Chrifl remembered. I am grieved at the heart 
to write anything to you to breed heavinefs to you ; 

* Zech. xii. 3. t Keep united with. 

132 LETTER XLIIL [1634. 

and what I have written, I wrote with much heavinefs. But I en- 
treat you in Chrift's name, when my foul is under wreftlings, and 
feeking direction from our Lord (to whom His vineyard belongeth) 
whither I Ihall go, give me liberty to advife, and try all airts * and 
paths, to fee whether He goeth before me and leadeth me. For if I 
were affured of God's call to your town, let my arm fall from my 
fhoulder-blade and lofe power, and my right eye be dried up, (which 
is the judgment of the idol fhepherd,f ) if I would not swim through 
the water without a boat ere I fat His bidding. { But if ye knew my 
doubtings and fears in that, ye would fuffer with me. Whether 
they be temptations or impediments cafl in by my God, I know not. 
But you have now caufe to thank God ; for feeing the Bifhop § hath 
^ven you fuch a promife, he will ^ve you an honeft man more 
willingly than he will permit me to come to you. And, as I ever 
entreated you, put the bufmefs out of your hand in the Lord's rever- 
ence ; 11 and try of Him, if ye have warrant of Him to feek no man 
in the world but one only, when there are choice of good men to 
be had. Howbeit they be too fcarce, yet they are. And what God 
faith to me in the bufmefs, I refolve by His grace to do ; for I know 
not what He will do with me. But God ihall fill you with joy ere 
this bufmefs be ended ; for I perfuade myfelf our Lord Jefus hath 
ftirred you up already to do good in the bufmefs, and ye ihall not 
lofe your reward. 

I have heard your hufband and Samuel have been fick. The 
man who is called the Bratich and God's felloiv, who ftandeth before 
His Father, will be your flay and help, f I would I were able to 
comfort your foul. But have patience, and ftand ilill ; he that be- 
lieveth maketh not hafte. This matter of Cramond, cail in at this 
time, is either a temptation, having fallen out at this time ; or then** 

* All points of the compafs. f Zech xi. 17. 

X Failed promptly to obey Him, or do His bidding. 

§ Referring to a promife made to the people of Kirkcudbright by the 
Biihop of Galloway, to give them a man according to their own mind, pro- 
vided they would not choofe Mr Rutherford. 

Ij Power, difpofal. See Note, Lett. 30. ^ Zech. xiii. 7. ** Or elfe. 

1634.] LETTER XLIV. 133 

it will clear all my doubts, and let you lee the Lord's will. But I 

never knew my own part in the bufmefs till now. I thought I was 

more willing to have embraced the charge in your town, than I am, 

or am able to win to. I know ye pray that God would refolve 

me what to do ; and will interpret me, as love biddeth you, which 

** thinketh not ill, and believeth all things, and hopeth all things." 

Would ye have more than the Son of God ? and ye have Him 

already. And ye ihall be fed by the carver of the meat, be he who 

he will ; and thofe who are hungry look more to the meat than to 

the carver. 

I cannot fee you the next week. If my lady come home, I 

muft vifit her. The week thereafter will be a Prefbytery at Gir- 

thon. God will difpofe of the meeting. Grace upon you, and 

your feed, and hufband. The Lord Jefus be with your fpirit. 

Yours in Chrift, ^ 


XLIV. — For Marion M'Naught. 

ELL-BELOVED SISTER,— My love in Jefus Chriil 
remembered. Your daughter is well, thanks be to 
God. I trufl in Him ye fhall have joy of her ; the 
Lord blefs her. I am now prefently going about catechifmg. The 
bearer is in hafle. Forget not poor Zion ; and the Lord remember 
you, for we fhall be fhortly winnowed. Jefus, pray for us, that 
our faith fail not ! I would wifh to fee you a Sabbath with us, and 
we ihall ftir up one another, God willing, to feek the Lord ; for it 
may be He hide Himfelf from us ere it be long. Keep that which 
you have : ye will get more in heaven. The Lord fend us to the 
fhore out of all the ftorms, with our filly fouls found and whole 
with us ; for if liberty of confcience come, as is rumoured, the beft 
of us will be put to our wits to feek how to be freed. But we ihall 
be like thofe who have their chamber to go in unto, fpoken of in 

134 LETTER XLV. [1634. 

Ifaiah.* Read the place yourfelf, and keep you within your houfe 
whillf the florm be pafled. If you can learn a ditty:f againft C, 
try, and caufe try, that ye may fee the Lord's righteous judgment 
upon the devil's inflruments. We are not much obliged to his kind- 
nefs. I wifh all fuch wicked doers were cut off. 

Thefe in hafte. I blefs you in God's name, and all yours. 
Your daughter defires a Bible and a gown. I hope fhe fhall ufe 
the Bible well, which if fhe do, the gown is the better befkowed. 
The Lord Jefus be with your fpirit. 

Yours for ever in Chrift, 

S. R. 


XLV.— i^(?r Marion M'Naught. 



underftand I have received a letter from Edinburgh, 
that it is fufpefled that there will be a General As- 
fembly, or then § fome meeting of the bifhops ; and that at this fynod 
there will be fome commifTioners chofen by the Bifhop ; which news 
have fo taken up my mind that I am not fo fettled for ftudies as I 
have been before, and therefore was never in fuch fear for the 
work. But becaufe it is written to me as a fecret, I dare not re- 
veal it to any but to yourfelf, whom I know. And therefore, I 
entreat you, not for any comfort of mine, who am but one man, 
but for the glory and honour of Jefus Chrift, the Mafter of the 
banquet, be more earneft with God ; and, in general, ihow others 
of your Chriflian acquaintance my fears for myfelf. I can be con- 
tent of fhame in that work, if my Lord and Mafter be honoured ; 
and therefore petition our Lord efpecially to fee to His own glory, 

* I fa. xxvi. 20. t Till. t Ground of charge. § Or if not that. 

1634.J LETTER XLVL 135 

and to give bread to His hungry bairns, howbeit I go hungry away 
from the feafl. Requeft Mr Robert* from me, if he come not, to 
remember us to our Lord. 

I have neither time, nor a free difpofed mind, to write to you 
anent your own cafe. Send me word if all your children and your 
hufband be well. Seeing they are not yours, but your dear Lord's, 
efleem them but as borrowed, and lay them down at God's feet. 
Your Chrift to you is better than they all. You will pardon my 
unaccuftomed fhort letter ; and remember me and that honourable 
feaft to our Lord Jefus. He was with us before. I hope He will 
not change upon us ; but I fear I have changed upon Him. But, 
Lord, let old kindnefs ftand. Jefus Chrifl be with your fpirit. 
Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 


XLVL— fTo Marion M*Naught. 

affeftion in Chrifl remembered. I left you in as great 
heavinefs as I was in fmce I came to this country ; but 
I know you doubt not but that (as the truth is in Chrift), my foul 
is knit to your foul, and to the foul of all yours ; and I would, if I 
could, fend you the largefl part of my heart inclofed in this letter. 
But by fervent calling upon my Lord, I have attained fome viftory 
over my heart, which runneth often not knowing whither, and over 
my beguiling hopes, which I know now better than I did. I trufl: 
in my Lord to hold aloof from the enticings of a feducing heart, 
by which I am daily cofened ; and I mind not (by His grace who 
hath called me according to His eternal purpofe) to come fo far 
within the gripsf of my foolifh mind, gripping^ about any folly com- 
ing its way, as the woodbine or ivy goeth about the tree. 

* Mr Robert Glendinning. t Gralp. % Gralping. 

136 LETTER XLVI. [1634. 

I adore and kifs the providence of my Lord, who knoweth well 
what is moft expedient for me, and for you and your children ; and 
I think of you as of myfelf, that the Lord, who in His deep wifdom 
turneth about all the wheels and turning of fuch changes, fhall alfo 
difpofe of that for the befl to you and yours. In the prefence of 
my Lord, I am not able, howbeit I would, to conceive amifs of you 
in that matter. Grace, grace for ever be upon you and your feed , 
and it fhall be your portion, in defpite of all the powers of darknefs. 
Do not make more quellion of this. But the Lord faw a nail in 
my heart loofe, and He hath now faftened it. Honour be to His 

I hear your fon is entered to the fchool. If I had known of the 
day, I would have begged from our Lord that He would have put 
the book in his hand with His own hand. I truft in my Lord it is 
fo; and I conceive a hope to fee him a flar, to g^ve light in fome 
room of our Lord's houfe ; and purpofe, by the Lord's grace, as I 
am able (if our Lord call you to reft before me), when you are at 
your home, to do to the uttermoft of my power to help him every 
way in grace and learning, and his brothers, and all your children. 
And I hope you would expeft that of me. 

Further, you fhall know that Mr W. D.* is come home, who 
faith it is a miracle that your hufband, in this procefs before the 
Council, efcaped both difcredit and damage. Let it not be forgot- 
ten he was, in our apprehenfion, to our grief, caft down and 
humbled in the Lord's work, in that matter betwixt him and the 
bailie : now the Lord hath honoured him, and made him famous for 
virtue, honefly, and integrity, two feveral times, before the nobles 
of this kingdom. Your Lord liveth. We will go to His throne of 
grace again : His arm is not fhortened. 

The I^ng is certainly expe6f ed. Ill is feared ; we have caufe 
for our fms to fear that the Bridegroom fhall be taken from us. 
By our fms we have rent His fair garments, and we have ftirred up 

* \\^illiam Dalgleilh, minifter of Kirkdale and Kirkmabreck, adjoining the 
pirifli of Anwoth. 

1634.] LETTER XLVIL 137 

and awakened our Beloved. Pray Him to tarry, or then* to take 

us with Him. It were good that we fhould knock and rap at our 

Lord's door. We may not tire to knock oftener than twice or 

thrice. He knoweth the knock of His friends. 

I am ftill what I was ever to your dear children, tendering their 

foul's happinefs, and praying that grace, grace, grace, mercy, and 

peace from God, even God our Father, and from our Lord Jefus, 

may be their portion ; and that now, while they are green and young, 

their hearts may take bandf with Jefus, the Corner-Hone : and win 

once in, in our Lord and Saviour's houfe, and then they will not 

get leave to flit. Pray for me, and efpecially for humility and thank- 

fulnefs. I have always remembrance of you, and your hufband, 

and dear children. The Lord Jefus be with your fpirit. 

Yours evermore in my dear Lord Jefus and yours, 

S. R. 

XLVIL— i^or Marion M'Naught. 

Chrifl: remembered. I have fent you a letter from Mr 
David Dick J concerning the placing of Mr Hugh 
M'Kail with themfelves ; therefore I write to you now only to en- 
treat you in Chrift not to be difcouraged thereat. Be fubmiffive to 
the will of your dear Lord, who knoweth beft what is good for your 
Ibul and your town both ; for God can come over greater moun- 
tains than thefe, we believe ; for He worketh His greatefl works 
contrary to carnal reafon and means. " My ways are not," faith 
our Lord, " as your ways ; neither are My thoughts as your 
thoughts." § I am no whit put from my belief for all that. Be- 

Or elfe. f Unite with. $ Or Dickfon. § Ifa. \\. 8. 

138 LETTER XLVIIL [1634. 

lieve, pray, and ufe means. We Ihall caufe Mr John Kerr, who 
conveyed myfelf to Lochinvar, to ufe means to feek a man, if Mr 
Hugh fail us. Our Lord has a little bride among you, and I trufl 
He will fend one to woo her to our fweet Lord Jefus. He will 
not want His wife for the fuiting,* and He has means in abundance 
in His hand to open all the flotsf and bars that Satan draws over 
the door. He cometh to His bride leaping over the mountains, and 
fkipping over the hills. His way to His fpoufe is full of jftones, 
mountains, and waters, yet He putteth in His foot and wadeth 
through. He will not want her ; and therefore refrefh me with two 
words concerning your confidence and courage in our Lord, both 
about that, and about His own Zion ; for He wooeth His wife in 
the Burning Bufh ; and for the good-will of Him that dwelleth in 
the bufh, the bufh is not confumed. It is better to weep with Jeru- 
falem in the forenoon, than to weep with Babel after noon, in 
the end of the day. Our day of laughter and rejoicing is coming. 
Yet a little while, and ye fhall fee the falvation of God. I long to 
fee you, and to hear how your children are, efpecially Samuel. 
Grace be their heritage and portion from the Lord, and the Lord be 
their lot, and then their inheritance fhall pleafe them well. Re- 
member my love to your hufband. The Lord Jefus be with your 

Yours in his fweeteil Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 


XLVHL— i^?r Marion M*Naught. 


ELL-BELOVED SISTER,— I know you have heard of 
the fuccefs of our bufmefs in Edinburgh. I do every 
Prelbytery day fee the faces of my brethren fmiling 

Urging His requefb, wooing. f Moveable bolts. 

1634.] LETTER XLVIIL 139 

upon me, but their tongues convey reproaches and lies of me a 
hundred miles off, and have made me odious to the Bifhop of St 
Andrews, who faid to Mr W. Dalgleifh that minifters in Galloway 
were his informers. Whereupon no letter of favour could be pro- 
cured from him for effe6luating of our bufmefs ; only I am brought in 
the mouths of men, who otherwife knew me not, and have power 
(if God fhall permit) to harm me. Yet I entreat you, in the bowels 
of Chrift Jefus, be not cafl down. I fear your forrow exceed 
becaufe of this ; and I am not fo careful for myfelf in the matter as 
for you. Take courage ; — your deareft Lord will light your candle, 
which the wicked would fain blow out ; and, as fure as our Lord 
liveth, your foul fhall find joy and comfort in this bufmefs. How- 
beit you fee all the hounds in hell let loofe to mar it, their iron 
chains to our dear and mighty Lord are but ftraws, which He can 
eafily break. Let not this temptation ftick in your throat ; fwallow 
it, and let it go down ; our Lord give you a drink of the confola- 
tions of His Spirit, that it may digeft. You never knew one in 
God's book who put to their hand to the Lord's work for His 
kirk, but the world and Satan did bark againft them, and bite alfo 
where they had power. You will not lay one flone on Zion's 
walls, but they will labour to caft it down again. 

For myfelf, the Lord letteth me fee now greater evidence of a 
calling to Kirkcudbright than ever He did before ; and therefore 
pray, and pofTefs your foul in patience. Thofe that were doers in the 
bufmefs have good hopes that it will yet go forward and profper. 
As for the death of the King of Sweden (which is thought to be 
too true), we can do nothing elfe but reverence our Lord, who 
doth not ordinarily hold Zion on her rock by the fword, and arm 
of flefh and blood, but by His own mighty and outftretched arm. 
Her King that reigneth in Zion yet liveth, and they are plucking 
Him round about to pull Him off His throne ; but His Father hath 
crowned Him, and who dare fay, "It is ill done"? The Lord's 
bride will be up and down, above the water fwimming and under 
the water fmking, until her lovely and mighty Redeemer and 
Hufband fet His head through the fkies, and come with His fair 

140 LETTER XL FIJI. [1634. 

court to red* all their pleas, and give them the hoped-for inherit- 
ance : and then we fhall lay down our fwords and triumph, and 
fight no more. But do not think, for all this, that our Lord and 
Chief Shepherd will want one weak fheep, or the fillieft dying 
lamb, that He hath redeemed. He will tell His flock and gather 
them all together, and make a faithful account of them to the 
Father who gave them to Him. Let us learn to turn our eyes off 
men, that our whoriih. hearts doat not on them, and woo our old 
Hufband, and make Him our darling. For, " thus faith the Lord 
to the enemies of Zion, Drink ye, and be drunk, and fpue, and fall, 
and rife no more, becaufe of the fword that I fend amongft you. 
And it fhall be, if they refufe to take the cup at thine hand to drink, 
then fhalt thou fay to them. Thus faith the Lord of Hofls, Ye fhall 
certainly drink." f You fee our Lord brewing a cup of poifon for 
His enemies, which they mufl drink, and becaufe of this have lore 
bowels and fick flomachs, yea, burfl. But when Zion's captivity is 
at an end, ** the children of Ifrael fhall come, they and the children 
of Judah together, going and weeping : they fhall go, and feek 
the Lord their God. They fliall afk the way to Zion, with their 
faces thitherward, faying, Come, and let us join ourfelves to the 
Lord in an everlafting covenant that fhall not be forgotten." J This 
is fpoken to us, and for us, who with woe§ hearts afk, "What 
is the way to Zion?" It is our part who know how to go 
to our Lord's door, and to knock by prayer, and how to lift 
Chrifl's flot, II and fhut the bar of His chamber door, to complain 
and tell Him how the Lord handleth us, and how our King's 
bufmefs goeth, that He may get up and lend them a blow, who are 
tigging f and playing with Chrifl: and His fpoufe. You have alfo, 
dear Mflrefs, houfe troubles, in ficknefs of your hufband and bairns, 
and in fpoiling of your houfe by thieves ; take thefe rods in patience 
from your Lord. He mufl ftill move you from veffel to veffel, and 
grind you as our Lord's wheat, to be bread in His houfe. But 

* Settle all difputes. f Jer« xxv. 27, 28. t Jer. 1. 4, 5. 

§ Sorrowful. || Moveable bolt. ^ Dallying, toying. 

1635.] LETTER XLIX. 141 

when all thefe Arokes are over your head, * what will ye fay to fee 
your well -beloved Chrift's white and ruddy face, even His face 
who is worthy to bear the colours among ten thoufand ?f Hope 
and believe to the end. Grace for ever be multiplied upon you, 
your hufband, and children. 

Your own in his deareft Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Edinburgh, Dec. 1634. 

XLIX.— T'o Marion M'Naught. 



Chrift remembered. God hath brought me home from 
a place where I have been exercifed with great heavi- 
nefs, and I have found at home new matter of great heavinefs, yet 
dare not but in all things give thanks. 

In my bufinefs in Edinburgh, J I have not fmned nor wronged 
my party, — by his own confeifion, and by the confeffion of his friends, 
I have given of my goods for peace and the faving of my Lord's 
truth from reproaches, which is dearer to me than all I have. My 
mother is weak, and I think fhall leave me alone ; but I am not 
alone, becaufe Chrift's Father is with me. 

For your bufmefs anent your town I fee great evidence ; but 
Satan and his inftruments are againft it, and few fet their fhoulders 
to Chrift's ftioulder to help Him. But He will do all His lone ; 
and I dare not but exhort you to believe, and perfuade you, that 
the hungry in your city ftiall be fed ; and as for the reft that want 
a ftomach, the parings of God's loaf will fuffice them ; and, there- 
fore, believe it ftiall be well. I may not leave my mother to come 
and confer with you of all particulars. I have given fuch direftions 

* Paft and gone. t Cant. v. 10 % See note. Let. 12. 

142 LETTER XLIX. [1635. 

to our dear friend as I can ; but the event is in our dear Lord's 

God's Zion abroad flourifheth, and His arm is not fhortened 
with us, if we could believe. There is fcarcity and a famine of the 
word of God in Edinburgh. Your filler Jane laboureth mightily 
in our bufinefs ; but hath not as yet gotten an anfwer from I. P. Mr 
A. C* will work what he can. My Lady faith fhe can do little, 
and that it fuiteth not her nor her hufband well to fpeak in fuch an 
affair. I told her my mind plainly. 

I long to know of your eftate. Remember me heartily to your 
dear hufband. Grace be the portion of your bairns. I know you 
are mindful of the green wound of our fifter kirk in Ireland. Bid 
our Lord lay a plaifter to it (He hath good fkill to do fo), and fet 
others to work. Grace, grace upon your foul, and body, and all 

Yours in Chrifl:, 

S. R. 

[The following brief note, addrefled to Marion M ^Naught, may be read 
as a fort of poftfcript to the foregoing, though generally printed as a feparate 

EAR MISTRESS, — I have not time this day to write to 
you •, but God, knowing my prefent flate and neceilities 
of my calling, will, I hope, fpare my mother's life for a 
time, for the which I have caufe to thank the Lord. I entreat you, 
be not cafl down for that which I wrote before to you anent the 
planting of a minifler in your town. Believe, and you fhall fee 
the falvation of God. I write this, becaufe when you fuffer, my 
heart fuffereth with you. I do believe your foul fhall have joy in 
your labours and holy defires for that work. Grace upon you, and 
your hufband, and children. 

Yours ever in Chrift. 

* Probably Mr Alexander Colville, mentioned Let. 11. 

1635.] LETTER L, 14: 

L. — For Marion M^Naught. 


heart is caft down for the defolation like to come upon 
this kirk, and the appearance that an hireling fhall be 
thrult in upon Chrift's flock in that town ; but fend a heavy heart up 
to Chrift, it fliall be welcome. Thofe who are with the beaft and 
the dragon, muft make war with the Lamb ; " but the Lamb fliall 
overcome them : for He is Lord of lords, and King of kings ; and 
they who are with Him are called, and chofen, and faithful."* Our 
ten days fliall have an end ; all the former things fliall be forgotten 
when we fliall be up before the throne. Chrifl: hath been ever thus 
in the world ; He hath always the defender's part, and hath been 
fl:ill in the camp, fighting the Church's battles. The enemies of the 
Son of God will be fed with their own flefli, and fliall drink their 
own blood ; and therefore, their part of it fliall at lafl: be found 
hard enough : fo that we may look forward and pity them. Until 
the number of the ele6t be fulfilled, Chrifl: garments muft be rolled 
in blood. He cometh from Edom, from the flaughter of His ene- 
mies, " clothed with dyed garments, glorious in His apparel, travel- 
ling in the greatnefs of His fl:rength." Who is this (faith he) that 
appears in this glorious pofture ? Our great He ! that He who is 
mighty to fave, whofe glory fliineth while He fprinkleth the blood 
of His adverfaries, and fl:aineth all His raiment. The glory of His 
righteous revenges fliineth forth in thefe fl:ains.f But feeing our 
world is not here-away, if we poor children, far from home, muft 
fteal through many waters, weeping as we go, and withal believing 
that we do the Lord's faithfulnefs no wrong, feeing He hath faid. 

* Rev. xvii. 14. f I fa. Ixiii. i. 

:{: In this quarter, in this prefent life's enjoyments. 

144 LETTER L. [1635. 

" I, even I, am He that comforteth you : who art thou, that fhouldeft 
be afraid of a man that fhall die, and of the fon of man that fhall be 
made as grafs ?"* " When thou pafTeil through the waters, I will 
be with thee ; and through the rivers, they fhall not overflow thee. 
When thou walkefl through the fire, thou fhalt not be burnt; neither 
fhall the flames kindle upon thee."f 

There is a cloud gathering and a florm coming. This land 
fhall be turned upfide down ; and if ever the Lord fpake to me 
(think on it), Chrifl:'s bride will be glad of a hole to hide her head 
in, and the dragon may fo prevail as to chafe the woman and her 
man-child over fea. But there fhall be a gleaning, two or three 
berries left in the top of the olive-tree, of whom God fhall fay, 
" Deflroy them not, for there is a blefTmg in them." Thereafter 
there fhall be a fair fun-blink J on Chrifl's old fpoufe, and a clear 
fky, and fhe fliall fmg as in the days of her youth. The Antichrifl 
and the great red dragon will lop Chrifl's branches, and bring His 
vine to a low flump, under the feet of thofe who carry the mark of 
the beafl ; but the Plant of Renown, the Man whofe name is the 
Branch, will bud forth again and blofTom as the rofe, and there 
fhall be fair white flourifhes§ again, with mofl pleafant fruits, upon 
that tree of life. A fair feafon may He have ! Grace, grace be 
upon that blefTed and beautiful tree ! under whofe fhadow we fhall 
fit, and his fruit fhall be fweet to our tafte. But Chrifl fhall woo 
His handful in the fire, and choofe His own in the furnace of 
afflidlion. But be it fo -, He dow j] not, He will not flay His chil- 
dren. Love will not let Him make a full end. The covenant will 
caufe Him hold His hand. Fear not, then, faith the Firft and the 
Laft, He who was dead and is alive. We fee not Chrifl fharpen- 
ing and furbifhing His fword for His enemies ; and therefore our 
faithlefs hearts fay, as Zion did, " The Lord hath forfaken me." 
But God reproveth her, and faith, "Well, well, Zion, is that well 
faid ? Think again on it , you are in the wrong to Me. Can a 

* Ifa. li. 12. t Ifa. xliii. 2. % Gleam of funfhine. 

§ Bloflbms. II Can. 

1635.3 LETTER L. 145 

woman forget her fucking child, that fhe fhould not have compas- 
fion on the fruit of her womb ? Yea, fhe may ; yet will I not 
forget thee. Behold, I have engraven thee upon the palms of My 
hands."* You break your heart and grow heavy, and forget that 
Chrifl hath your name engraven on the palms of His hand in 
great letters. In the name of the Son of God, believe that buried 
Scotland, dead and buried with her dear Bridegroom, fhall rife the 
third day again, and there fhall be a new growth after the old 
timber is cut down. I recommend you, and your burdens and 
heavy heart, to the fupporting of His grace and good-will who 
dwelt in. the Buih, to Him who was feparated from His brethren. 
Try your hufband afar ofF, to fee if He can be induced to think 
upon going to America. 

O to fee the fight, next to Chrift's Coming in the clouds, the 
moft joyful ! our elder brethren the Jews and Chrift fall upon one 
another's necks and kifs each other ! They have been long afunder ; 
they will be kind to one another when they meet. O day ! O 
longed-for and lovely day-dawn ! O fweet Jefus, let me fee that 
fight which will be as life from the dead, Thee and Thy ancient 
people in mutual embraces. 

Defire your daughter to clofe with Chriil: upon terms of fuffer- 
ing for Him ; for the crofs is an old mealingf and plot of ground 
that lyeth to Chrifl's houfe. Our dear Chief had aye that rent lying 
to His inheritance. But tell her the day is near the dawning, the 
fky is riving ;J our Beloved will be on us, ere ever we be aware. 
The Antichrift, and death and hell, and Chrift's enemies and ours, 
will be bound and caft into the bottomlefs pit. The Lord Jefus 
be with your fpirit. 

Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Anwoth, April 22 y 1635. 

* Ifa. xlix. 15, 16. t Farm. It is written alfo *^ mailing^ See Let. 29. 
% Breaking, rending. 

VOL. I. 

146 LETTER LI. [1635. 

LI. — To Marion M'Naught. 


OVING AND DEAR SISTER,— For Zion's fake hold 
not your peace, neither be difcouraged, for the ongoing 
of this perfecution. Jehovah is in this burning Bufh. 
The floods may fwell and roar, but our ark fhall fwim above the 
waters -, it cannot fink, becaufe a Saviour is in it. Becaufe our Be- 
loved was not let in by His fpoufe when He ftood at the door, with 
His wet and frozen head, therefore He will have us to feek Him 
awhile ; and while we are feeking, the watchmen who go about 
the walls have flricken the poor woman, and have taken away her 
veil from her. But yet a little while and our Lord will come again. 
Scotland's fky will clear again ; her moment mufl: go over. I dare 
in faith fay and write, I am not dreaming ; Chrift is but feeking 
(what He will have and make) a clean gliftering* bride out of the 
fire. God fend Him His errand, but He cannot want what He feeks. 
In the meantime, one way or other. He fhall find, or make a nefl 
for His mourning dove. What is this we are doing, breaking the 
neck of our faith ? We are not come as yet to the mouth of the 
Red Sea ; and howbeit we were, for His honour's fake, He muft 
dry it up. It is our part to die grippingf and holding fafl His faith- 
ful promife. If the Beafl fhould get leave to ride through the land, 
to feal fuch as are his, he will not get one lamb with him, for thefe 
are fecured and fealed as the fervants of God. In God's name, let 
Chrifl take His barn-floor, and all that is in it, to a hill, and winnow 
it. Let Him fift His corn, and fweep His houfe, and feek His lofl 
gold. The Lord fhall cog J the rumbling wheels, or turn them ; for 

* Glittering, fhining. t Grafping, or clafping. 

X Put a di-ag on ; it is to put a piece of wood edgewife between it and the 
ground, to prevent it moving. 

1635.] LETTER LI. 147 

the remainder of wrath doth He reftrain. He can loofe the belt of 
kings ; to God, their belt, wherewith they are girt, is knit with a 
fingle draw-knot.* 

As for a paftor to your town, your confcience can bear you 
witnefs you have done your part. Let the Mafter of the vineyard 
now fee to His garden, feeing you have gone on, till He hath faid, 
*' Stand ftill." The will of the Lord be done. But a trial is not, 
to give up with God and believe no more. I thank my God in 
Chriff, I find the force of my temptation abated, and its edge blunted, 
fmce I Ipoke to you laft. I know not if the tempter be hovering, 
until he find the dam gather again, and me more fecure ; but it hath 
been my burden, and I am yet more confident the Lord will fuccour 
and deliver. 

I intend, God willing, that our Communion fhall be celebrated 
the firft Sabbath after Pafch.f Our Lord, that great Mafter of the 
feafi:, fend us one hearty and heartfomej fupper, for I look it fhall 
be the laft. But we expeft, when the fhadows fhall flee away, and 
our Lord fhall come to His garden, that He fhall feed us in green 
paftures without fear. The dogs fhall not then be hounded out 
amongft the fheep. I earneftly defire your prayers for afTiftance at 
our work, and put others with you to do the fame. Remember 
me to your hufband, and defire your daughter to be kind to Chrift, 
and feek to win § near Him -, He will ^ve her a welcome into His 
houfe of wine, and bring her into the IGng's chamber. O how will 
the fight of His face, and the fmell of His garments, allure and 
ravifh the heart ! Now, the love of the lovely Son of God be with 

Yours in his fweet Jefus, 

S. R. 

Anwoth, 1635. 

* Slip-knot, eafily loofened. f Eafter, 'ttocij^^^ Acts )(;ii. 4. 

X Cheerful, cheering. § Get in. 

148 LETTER LIL [1635. 

LII. — For Marion M'Naught. 


ELL-BELOVED MISTRESS,— I charge you in the name 
of the Son of God, to reft upon your Rock, that is 
higher than yourfelf. Be not afraid of a man, who is a 
worm, nor of the fon of man, who (hall die. God be your fear. 
Encourage your hulband. I would counfel you to write to Edinburgh 
to fome advifed lawyers, to underfland what your hufband, as the 
head magiftrate, may do in oppofing any intruded minifler, and in his 
carriage toward the new prelate,* if he command him to imprifon 
or lay hands upon any, and, in a word, how far he may in his 
office difobey a prelate, without danger of law. For if the Bifhop 
come to your town, and find not obedience to his heart, it is like 
he will command the Provoft to aflifl: him againft God and the 
truth. Ye will have more courage under the perfecution. Fear 
not ; take Chrift caution ,f who faid, ** There fhall not one hair of 
your head perifh.":}: Chrifl will not be in your common § to have 
you giving out anything for Him, and not give you all incomes with 
advantage. It is His honour His fervants fhould not be berried || 
and undone in His fervice. You were never honoured till now. 
And if your hufband be the firft magiftrate who fhall fuffer for 
Chrifl's name in this perfecution, he may rejoice that Chrift hath 
put the firfl garland on his head and upon yours. Truth will yet 

* An attempt had been made by the Bifhop of SydferfFto force a minifler 
upon the people of Kirkcudbright, in room of Mr Glendinning, who had been 
Tufpended, and ordered to be imprifoned, becaufe he would not conform to 
Epifcopacy. Provoft Fullarton (hufband of M. M 'Naught), along with other 
magiftrates, would not imprifon Mr Glendinning, and this was the occafion of 
the above letter. See note at beginning of Let. 67. 

t Surety. % Luke xxi. 18. § Under obligation to. || Pillaged cmelly. 

i635-] LETTER LIIL 149 

keep the crown of the caufey* in Scotland. Chrifl and truth are 
llrong enough. They judge us now ; we fhall one day judge 
them, and fit on twelve thrones and judge the twelve tribes. 
Believe, believe ; for they dare not pray ; they dare not look Chrifl 
in the face. They have been falfe to Chrift, and He will not fit 
withf the wrong. Ye know it is not our caufe •, for if we would 
quit our Lord, we might fleep for the prefent in a found fkin, and 
keep our place, means, and honour, and be dear to them alfo ; but 
let us once put all we have over in Chrift's hand. Fear not for my 
papers ; I fhall defpatch them, but ye will be examined for them. 
The Spirit of Jefus ^ve you inward peace. Defire your hufband 
from me to prove honeft to Chrift ; he fhall not be a lofer at 
Chrift's hand. 

Yours ever in his fweet Lord Jefus, ^^ ^ 

Anwoth, July 8, 1635. 

LIIL — For Marion M'Naught. 



ISTRESS, — My love in Chrift remembered. Having 
appointed a meeting with Mr David Dickfon, and 
knowing that B. will not keep the Prelbytery, I cannot 

fee you now. Commend my journey to God. My foul bleffeth 
you for your lafl letter. Be not difcouraged ; Chrift will not want 
the Ifles-men. The Ifles fhall wait for His law. We are His in- 
heritance, and He will fell no part of His inheritance. For the fins of 
this land, and our breach of the covenant, contempt of the Gofpel, 
and our defection from the truth, He hath fet up a burning furnace 
in our Mount Zion ; but I fay it, and will bide by it, the grafs 
fhall yet grow green on our Mount Zion. There fhall be dew all 
the night upon the lilies, amongft which Chrifl feedeth, until the 
day break, and the fhadows flee away. And the moth fhall eat up 

* Appear openly with credit on the public ftreet. t Bear in filence. 

150 LETTER LIV. [1636. 

the enemies of Chrift. Let them make a fire of their own, and 

walk in the light thereof, it fhall not let them fee to go to their 

bed ; but they fhall lie down in for row.* Therefore, rejoice and 

believe. This in hafte. Grace, grace be with you and yours. 

Yours in Chrifl, ^ t> 


LIV. — For Marion M*Naught. 

OVING AND DEAR SISTER,— I fear that you be 
moved and cafl down, becaufe of the late wrong that 
your huiband received in your Town Council. But I 
pray you comfort yourfelf in the Lord ; for a juft caufe bides under 
the water only as long as wicked men hold their hand above it ; 
their arm will weary, and then the juft caufe fhall fwim above, and 
the light that is fown for the righteous fhall fpring and grow up. 
If ye were not ftrangers here, the dogs of the world would not 
bark at you. You fhall fee all windings and turnings that are in 
your way to heaven out of God's Word ; for He will not lead you 
to the kingdom at the nearefl, but you mufl go through ** honour 
and difhonour, by evil report and good report ; as deceivers, and 
yet true ; as unknown, and yet well known ; as dying, and, behold, 
we live ; as chaftened, and not killed ; as forrowful, and yet always 
rejoicing." f The world is one of the enemies that we have to 
fight with, but a vanquifhed and overcome enemy, and like a 
beaten and forlorn foldier ; for our Jefus hath taken the armour 
from it. Let me then fpeak to you in His words : " Be of good 
courage," faith the Captain of our falvation, " for I have overcome 
the world." You fhall neither be free of the fcourge of the tongue, 
nor of dilgraces (even if it were buffetings and fpittings upon the 
face, as was our Saviour's cafe), if you follow Jefus Chrift. I 
befeech you in the bowels of our Lord Jefus, keep a good con- 

Ila. 1. II. \ 2 Cor. vi. 8, 10. 

1636.] LETTER LIV. 151 

icience, as I trufl you do. You live not upon men's opinion ; gold 

may be gold, and have the king's ftamp upon it, when it is trampled 

upon by men. Happy are you, if, when the world trampleth upon 

you in your credit and good name, yet you are the Lord's gold, 

ftamped with the I^g of heaven's image, and fealed by the Spirit 

unto the day of your redemption. Pray for the fpirit of love ; for 

" love beareth all things ; it belie veth all things, hopeth all things, 

and endureth all things."* 

And I pray you and your huiband, yea, I charge you before 

God, and the Lord Jefus Chrifl, and the ele6l angels, pray for 

thefe your adverfaries, and read this to your huiband from me, and 

let both of you put on, as the eleft of God, bowels of mercies. 

And, fifter, remember how many thoufands of talents of fins your 

Mailer hath forgiven you. For^ve ye therefore your fellow- 

fervants one talent. Follow God's command in this, and " feek 

not after your own heart, and after your own eyes," in this matter, 

as the Spirit fpeaks.f Afk never the counfel of your own heart 

here ; the world will blow up your heart now, and caufe it fwell, 

except the grace of God caufe it fall. Jefus, even Jefus, the 

Eternal Wifdom of the Father, give you wifdom. I truft God 

fhall be glorified in you. And a door fiiall be opened unto you, as 

to the Lord's prifoners of hope, as Zechariah fpeaks. It is a benefit 

to you, that the wicked are God's fan to purge you. And I hope 

they fhall blow away no corn, or fpiritual graces, but only your 

chaff. I pray you in your purfuit, have fo recourfe to the law of 

men, that you wander not from the law of God. Be not cafi: 

down : if you faw Him who, ftanding on the ihore, holding out 

His arms to welcome you on land, you would not only wade 

through a fea of wrongs, but through hell itfelf to be at Him. And 

I trufi: in God you fee Him fometimes. The Lord Jefus be with 

your fpirit, and all yours. 

Your brother in the Lord, o t> 


* I Cor. xiii. 7. f Num. xv. 39. 

152 LETTER LV, [1636. 

LV. — To Marion M*Naught. 



love in Chrift remembered. I know ye have heard of 

the purpofe of my adverfaries, to try what they can do 

againft me at this Synod for the work of God in your town when 

I was at your Communion. They intend to call me in queftion at 

the Synod for treafonable do6lrine. Therefore help me with your 

prayers, and defire your acquaintance to help me alfo. Y.our ears 

heard how Chrift was there. If He fuffer His fervant to get a 

broken head in His own kingly fervice, and not either help or 

revenge the wrong, I never faw the like of it. There is not a 

night drunkard, time-ferving, idle, idol Ihepherd to be fpoken 

againft : I am the only man ; and becaufe it is fo, and I know God 

will not help them left they be proud, I am confident their procefs 

fhall fall afunder. Only be ye earneft with God for hearing, for an 

open ear, and reading of the bill, that He may in heaven hear both 

parties, and judge accordingly. And doubt not, fear not -, they ftiall 

not, who now ride higheft, put Chrift out of His kingly pofteffion 

in Scotland. The pride of man and his rage fhall turn to the 

praife of our Lord. It is an old feud, that the rulers of the earth, 

the dragon and his angels, have carried to the Lamb and His 

followers ; but the followers of the Lamb fhall overcome by the 

Word of God. And believe this, and wait on a little, till they 

have got their womb full of clay and gravel, and they fhall know 

(howbeit ftolen waters be fweet) Efau's portion is not worth his 

hunting. Commend me to your hufband, and fend me word how 

Grizel is. The Son of God lead her through the water. The 

Lord Jefus be with your fpirit. 

Yours in his only, only Lord Jefus, ^ -^ 


1636.] LETTER LVL 153 

LVI. — To My Lady Kenmure. 


ADAM, — I received your Ladyfhip's letter from J. G.* 
I thank our Lord ye are as well at leafl as one may be 
who is not come home. It is a mercy in this ftormy 
iea to get a lecond wind ; for none of the faints get a firft, but they 
muft take the winds as the Lord of the feas caufeth them to blow, 
and the inn as the Lord and Mailer of the inns hath ordered it. If 
contentment were here, heaven were not heaven. Whoever feek 
the world to be their bed, fhall at beft find it ihort and ill-made, and 
a ftone under their fide to hold them waking, rather than a foft 
pillow to fleep upon. Ye ought to blefs your Lord that it is not 
worfe. We live in a fea where many have fuffered fhipwreck, and 
have need that Chrift fit at the helm of the ihip. It is a mercy to 
win to heaven, though with much hard toil and heavy labour, and 
to take it by violence ill and well as it may be. Better go fwim- 
ming and wet through our waters than drown by the way ; efpecially 
now when truth fufFereth, and great men bid Chrifl: fit lower and 
contract Himfelf in lefs bounds, as if He took too much room. 

I expedf our new prelatef Ihall try my fitting. I hang by a 
thread, but it is (if I may fpeak fo) of ChrLft's fpinning. There is 
no quarrel more honeft or honourable than to fuffer for truth. But 
the worfl is, that this kirk is like to fink, and all her lovers and 
friends fland afar off; none mourn with her, and none mourn for 
her. But the Lord Jefus will not be put out of His conquefi:J fo 
foon in Scotland. It will be feen that the kirk and truth will rife 
again within three days, and Chrifi: again fhall ride upon His white 
horfe ; howbeit His horfe feem now to ftumble, yet he cannot fall. 
The fulnefs of Chrifi:'s harveft in the end of the earth is not yet 
come in. I fpeak not this becaufe I would have it fo, but upon 

* J. Gordon. f Sydferff. J Inheritance. 

154 LETTER LVL [1636. 

better grounds than my naked liking. But enough of this fad 

I long to be fully alTured of your Ladyfhip's welfare, and that 
your foul profpereth, efpecially now in your folitary life, when your 
comforts outward are few, and when Chrift hath you for the very 
uptaking. I know His love to you is ftill running over, and His 
love hath not fo bad a memory as to forget you and your dear 
child, who hath two fathers in heaven, the one the Ancient of 
Days. I truft in His mercy He hath fomething laid up for him 
above, however it may go with him here. I know it is long fmce 
your Ladyfhip faw this world turned your ftepmother and did for- 
fake you. Madam, ye have reafon to take in good part a lean 
dinner and fpare diet in this life, feeing your large fupper of the 
Lamb's preparing will recompenfe all. Let it go, which was never 
yours but only in fight, not in property. The time of your loan 
will wear Ihorter and fhorter, and time is meafured to you by 
ounce weights ; and then I know your hope fhall be a full ear of 
corn and not blafled with wind. It may be your joy that your 
anchor is up within the vail, and that the ground it is caft upon is 
not falfe but firm. God hath done His part : I hope ye will not 
deny to iifh and fetch home all your love to Himfelf ; and it is but 
too narrow and fhort for Him if it were more. If ye were before 
pouring all your love (if it had been many gallons more) in upon 
your Lord, if drops fell by in the in-pouring, He for^veth you. 
He hath done now all that can be done to win beyond it all, and 
hath left little to woo your love from Himfelf, except one only 
child. What is His purpofe herein He knoweth beft, who hath 
taken your foul in tutoring. Your faith may be boldly charitable 
of Chrift, that however matters go, the worft fhall be a tired travel- 
ler, and a joyful and fweet welcome home. The back of your 
winter night is broken. Look to the eaft, the day fky is breaking. 
Think not that Chrifl lofeth time, or lingereth unfuitably. O fair, 
fair, and fweet morning ! We are but as fea pafTengers. If we 
look right, we are upon our country coaft : our Redeemer is faft 
coming, to take this old worm-eaten world, like an old moth-eaten 

636.] LETTER LVII. 155 

garment, in His two hands, and to roll it up and lay it by Him. 
Thefe are the laft days, and an oath is given, by God Himfelf, that 
time ihall be no more ; * and when time itfelf is old and grey-haired, 
it were good we were away. Thus, Madam, ye fee I am, as my 
cuftom is, tedious in my lines. Your Ladyfhip will pardon it. The 
Lord Jefus be with your fpirit. 

Your Ladyfhip at all obedience in Chrift, 

S. R. 

Anwoth, Jan. 18, 1636. 

LVII.— i^cr Marion M'Naught. 


Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. I am well, and 
my foul profpereth. I find Chrift with me. I burden 
no man ; I want nothing ; no face looketh on me but it laugheth 
on me. Sweet, fweet is the Lord's crofs. I overcome my heavi- 
nefs. My Bridegroom's love-blinks f fatten my weary foul. I foon 
go to my King's palace at Aberdeen. Tongue, and pen, and wit 
cannot exprefs my joy. 

Remember my love to Jean Gordon, to my fifler, Jean Brown, 
to Grizel, to your hufband. Thus in hafle. Grace be with 

Yours in his only, only Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Edinburgh, April $, 1636. 

P.S. — My charge is to you to believe, rejoice, fing, and triumph. 
Chrift has faid to me, Mercy, mercy, grace and peace for Marion 

* Rev. X. 6. t Love-glances. 

iS6 LETTER LVIIL [1636. 

LVIII. — To my Lady Kenmure. 

IGHT HONOURABLE,— I cannot find a time for 
writing fome tilings I intended on Job, I have been fb 
taken up with the broils that we are encumbered with 
in our calling. For our prelate will have us either to fwallow our 
light over, and digefi: it contrary to our ftomachs (howbeit we fhould 
vomit our confcience and all, in this troublefome conformity), or then* 
he will try if deprivation can convert us to the ceremonial faith. f 

I write to your Ladyfhip, Madam, not as diflrufling your affec- 
tion or willingnefs to help me, as your Ladyfhip is able by yourfelf 
or others, but to advertife you that I hang by a fmall thread. For 
our learned prelate, becaufe we cannot fee with his eyes fo far in a 
mill-flone as his light doeth, will not follow his Mafter, meek Jefus, 
who waited upon the wearied and fhort-breathed in the way to 
heaven ; and, where all fee not alike, and fome are weaker, He 
carrieth the lambs in His bofom, and leadeth gently thofe that are 
with young. But we mull: either fee all the evil of ceremonies to 
be but as indifferent draws, or fuffer no lefs than to be caften out 
of the Lord's inheritance ! Madam, if I had time I would write 
more at length, but your Ladyfhip will pardon me till a fitter occa- 
fion. Grace be with you and your child, and bear you company to 
your beil home. 

Your Ladyfhip in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Anwoth, June 8, 1636. 

* Or elfe. 

t Referring to the attempts then made by the prelates to compel confor- 
mity to epifcopal forms. 

1636.] LETTER LIX. 157 

LIX. — To Earlston, Elder. 

[ALEXANDER GORDON of Earlfton was defcended from the houfe of 
Gordon of Lochinvar, and the defignation of his family at firft was Gordon of 
Airds; but his great-grandfather, Alexander Gordon of Airds, having married 
Margaret, eldeft daughter of John Sinclair of Earlfton, the iflue of that union 
came to pofTefs the lands of Earlfton. — {Nijbefs Heraldry^ His anceftors 
were at an early period brought to the knowledge of divine truth by fome of 
thofe difciples of WicklifF who itinerated in Scotland, preaching the pure doc- 
trines of the Gofpel ; and they nobly vindicated the fincerity of their profeflion 
by the protedtion which they afforded to thefe devoted miflionaries, as well as 
by the zeal with which they laboured to propagate the faith. It is a tradition, 
that old Gordon of Airds imbibed Wickliffite views, when he was on a fort 
of embafly to the Englifh Borderers, and that he propagated the truth by 
bringing home an Englifh Wicklifhte to be tutor to his eldeft fon. Having 
obtained a New Teftament in the vulgar tongue, he read it at meetings 
which were held in the woods of Airds, in a fecluded fpot, at the junction of 
the Ken and the Dee, where the loch begins. So abundantly bleffed were 
fuch means, that the truth circulated rapidly through the whole province of 
Galloway. And at the very time when Patrick Hamilton fuffered martyrdom, 
on the laft day of February 1528, that province may be faid to have abjured 
Popery, and adopted the dodrines of the Reformation. 

Earlfton^ or Erlifton, or Earlefton {Minute-hook of Comm. of Covenanters)^ 
is not far from Carfphaim. As you come from Dairy, you fee the roof of 
the ancient refidence among trees that furround it, and that grow up the flop- 
ing ridge at the foot of which it ftands. In front of the grim old tower, 
there is a fine lawn, a remnant of better days, and a linn not far off. It is not 
to be confounded with the Earlfton near Anwoth, in the parifh of Borgue, 
which is quite modem, having been built by a defcendant of this ancient 
family, and called after the name of the original property. 

The grace of God, which had early chofen this family, continued to favour 
it for many generations. Alexander Gordon^ Rutherford's friend, was worthy 
of his anceftors. Livingftone, in his Characteriflics ^ fpeaks of him as *^ a man 
of great fpirit, but much fubdued by inward exercife, and who attained the 
moft rare experience of downcafting and upholding;" and adds, *^ For wis- 
dom, courage, and righteoufnefs, he might have been a magiftrate in any part 
of the earth." In the ftruggle againft the attempts of the Court to introduce 
Prelacy into the Church of Scotland, he warmly efpoufed the fide of the Pres- 
byterians. In the end of July 1635, he was fummoned by the Bifhop of 
Glafgow to appear before the High Commiffion, for preventing the intrufion 

158 LETTER LIX. [1636. 

of an unpopular nominee of the Bifhop into a vacant parifh. But Lord Lorn, 
afterwards the martyred Marquis of Argyle, having appeared w^ith him before 
that court, and affirmed that what Earlfton had done was by his direction as 
patron of the parilh, the matter was deferred to a future day. This letter of 
Rutherford to Earlfton, it is highly probable, refers to the vexatious proceed- 
ings inftituted againft him in regard to this matter. He was afterwards fum- 
moned by Sydferif, Bifhop of Galloway, to appear before a High Commiffion 
Court to be held at \A^igtown. He did not make his appearance ; but the Bifhop 
proceeded in his cafe, fined him five hundred merks, and banifhed him to 
Montrofe. Earlfton, by the advice of Lord Lorn, gave in a reprefentation of 
his cafe to the Privy Council, who difpenfed with his banifhment upon the 
paym.ent of his fine. Earlfton was a member of the AlTembly which met at 
Glafgow in 1638, having been a commiffioner from the Prefbytery of Kirk- 
cudbright. His name appears among the laft of the members of Parliament in 
1 64 1, as member for the fhire of Galloway. He was manied to Elizabeth, 
daughter of John Gordon of Muirfad, by whom he had feveral children. His 
eldeft fon, William, who fucceeded him, is retoured heir of his father on the 
a3d of January 1655. {Inq. Retor. Abbrcv.^ No. 264.) In the avenue leading 
to Earlfton, there is a very large old oak, ft ill fhown as that in the thick 
foliage of which this William Gordon hid, and fo efcaped his purfuers, in the 
days of the perfecution. 


|UCH HONOURED SIR,— I have heard of the mind 
and malice of your adverfaries againft you. It is like 
they will extend the law they have, in length and 
breadth, anfwerable to their heat of mind. But it is a great part of 
your glory that the caufe is not yours, but your Lord's whom you 
ferve. And I doubt not but Chrift will count it His honour to back 
His weak fervant; and it were a fhame for Him (with reverence to 
His holy name) that He fhould fuffer Himfelf to be in the common * 
of fuch a poor man as ye are, and that ye fhould give out for Him 
and not get in again. Write up your depurfmentsf for your 
Mafter Chrift, and keep the account of what ye give out, whether 
name, credit, goods, or life, and fufpend your reckoning till nigh 
the evening ; and remember that a poor weak fervant of Chrift 

Under obligation to. t Difburfcments. 

1636.] LETTER LIX, 159 

wrote it to you, that ye fhall have Chrift, a King, caution* for your 
incomes and all your lofTes. Reckon not from the forenoon. Take 
the Word of God for your warrant ; and for Chrift's aft of 
cautionary, howbeit body, life, and goods go for Chrifl your Lord, 
and though ye fhould lofe the head for Him, yet " there fhall not 
one hair of your head perifh ; in patience, therefore, pofTefs your 
foul."f And becaufe ye are the firft man in Galloway called out 
and queftioned for the name of Jefus, His eye hath been upon you, 
as upon one whom He defigned to be among His witnefTes. Chrift 
hath faid, " Alexander Gordon fhall lead the ring in witneiTmg a 
good confeffion," and therefore He hath put the garland of fufFer- 
ing for Himfelf firft upon your head. Think yourfelf fo much the 
more obliged to Him, and fear not ; for He layeth His right hand 
on your head. He who was dead and is alive will plead your caufe, 
and will look attentively upon the procefs from the beginning to the 
end, and the Spirit of glory fhall refl upon you. " Fear none of 
thefe things which thou fhalt fuffer : behold, the devil fhall cafl 
fome of you into prifon, that ye may be tried ; and ye fhall have 
tribulation ten days : be thou faithful unto death, and I will give 
thee a crown of life." \ This lovely One, Jefus, who alfo became 
the Son of man, that He might take ftrokes for you, write the 
crofs-fweetening and foul-fupporting fenfe of thefe words in your 
heart ! 

Thefe rumbling wheels of Scotland's ten days' tribulation are 
under His look who hath feven eyes. Take a houfe on your head, 
and flip yourfelf by faith in under Chrifl's wings till the florm be 
over. And remember, when they have drunken us down, Jeru- 
falem will be a cup of trembling and of poifon. § They fhall be fain 
to vomit out the faints ; for Judah " fhall be a hearth of fire in a 
fheaf, and they fhall devour all the people round about, on the right 
hand and on the left." Woe to Zion's enemies ! they have the 
worfl of it ; for we have writ || for the victory. Sir, ye were never 

* Security. f Luke xxi. 18, 19. % Rev. ii. 10. 

§ Zech. xii. 2, 6. |( A writing under His hand. 

i6o LETTER LIX. [1636. 

honourable till now. This is your glory, that Chrift hath put you 
in the roll with Himfelf and with the refl of the witnefTes who are 
come out of great tribulation, and have wafhen their garments and 
made them white in the blood of the Lamb. Be not caft down for 
what the fervants of Antichrift caft in your teeth, that ye are a head 
to and favourer of tke Puritans, and leader to that fe6f. If your 
confcience fay, "Alas ! here is much din and little done" (as the pro- 
verb is), becaufe ye have not done fo much fervice to Chrifl that way as 
ye might and fhould, take courage from that fame temptation. For 
your Lord Chrifl looketh upon that very challenge* as an hunger- 
ing defire in you to have done more than ye did ; and that filleth 
up the blank, and He will accept of what ye have done in that kind. 
If great men be kind to you, I pray you overlook them ; if they 
Imile on you, Chrifl but borroweth their face to fmUe through them 
upon His afflidled fervant. Know the well-head ; and for all that, 
learn the way to the well itfelf. Thank God that Chrift came to 
your houfe in your abfence and took with Him fome of your children. 
He prefumed thatf much on your love, that ye would not offend ; 
and howbeit He fhould take the reft, He cannot come upon your 
wrong fide. I queftion not, if they were children of gold, but ye 
think them well beflowed upon Him. 

Expound well thefe two rods on you, one in your houfe at 
home, another on your own perfon abroad. Love thinketh no evil. 
If ye were not Chrifl's wheat, appointed to be bread in His houfe, 
He would not grind you. But keep the middle line, neither defpife 
nor faint. J Ye fee your Father is homely § with you. Strokes of 
a father evidence kindnefs and care ; take them fo. I hope your 
Lord hath manifefted Himfelf to you, and fuggefted thefe, or more 
choice thoughts about His dealing with you. We are ufmg our 
weak moyenjl and credit for you up at our own court, as we dow.f 
We pray the King to hear us, and the Son of Man to go fide for fide 
with you, and hand in hand in the fiery oven, and to quicken and 

* Rebuke, accufation. t So much, to that degree. % Heb. xii. 5. 

§ Familiar. || Means, intereft. 1 As we are able. 

1636.] LETTER LX. 161 

encourage your unbelieving heart when ye droop and defpond. Sir, 
to the honour of Chrifl be it faid, my faith goeth with my pen now. 
I am prefently believing Chrift ftiall bring you out. Truth in Scot- 
land fhall keep the crown of the caufeway* yet. The faints fhall fee 
religion go naked at noon-day, free from fhame and fear of men. 
We (hall divide Shechem, and ride upon the high places of Jacob. 
Remember my obliged refpefts and love to Lady Kenmure and her 
fweet child. 

Yours ever in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Anwoth, July 6, 1636. 

LX. — To Marion M'Naught. 


I am yet under trial, and have appeared before Chrifl's 
forbidden lords,f for a teftimony againft them. The 
Chancellor and the reft tempted me with queftions, nothing belong- 
ing to my fummons, which I wholly declined, notwithftanding of 
his threats. My newly printed book againft ArminiansJ was one 
challenge ; not lording the prelates § was another. The moft part of 
the bhhops, when I came in, looked more aftonifhed than I, and heard 
me with fdence. Some fpoke for me ; but my Lord ruled it fo as 
I am filled with joy in my fufFerings, and I find Chrifl's crofs fweet. 
What they intend againft the next day I know not. Be not fecure, 
but pray. Our Bifhop of Galloway faid. If the Commiflion fhould 
not give him his will of me (with an oath he faid), he would write 
to the I^ng. The Chancellor fummoned me in judgment to appear 

* Appear in public v^^ith triumph and honour. 
t The Prelates, alluding to i Pet. v. 3. 

X Exercitat. ApoL pro Di'vind Gratia, publifhed this year (1636) at 

§ Calling them ^^ Lords." 

VOL. I. L 

i62 LETTER LXI. [1636. 

that day eight days. My Lord has brought me a friend from the 
Highlands of Arg)4e, my Lord of Lorn,* who hath done as much 
as was within the compafs of his power. God gave me favour in his 
eyes. Mr Robert Glendinning is filenced, till he accepts a colleague. 
We hope to deal yet for him. Chrifl: is worthy to be entrufted. 
Your hufband will get an eafy and good way of his bufmefs. Ye 
and I both fhall fee the falvation of God upon Jofeph feparate from 
his brethren. Grace be with you. 

S. R. 
Edinburgh, 1636. 

LXL — To the truly Noble and EleEl Lady, my Lady Viscountess of 
Kenmure, on the evening of his haniJJjment to Aberdeen. 


OBLE AND ELECT LADY,— That honour that I 
have prayed for thefe fixteen years, with fubmiffion to 
mj Lord's will, my kind Lord hath now beftowed 
upon me, even to fufFer for my royal and princely King Jefus, and 
for His kingly crown, and the freedom of His kingdom that His 
Father hath given Him. The forbidden lords f have fentenced me 
with deprivation, and confinement within the town of Aberdeen. I 
am charged in the King's name to enter againfi: the 20th day of 
Auguft next, and there to remain during the King's pleafure, as they 
have given it out. Howbeit Chrift's green crofs, newly laid upon me, 
be fomewhat heavy, while I call to mind the many fair days fweet 
and comfortable to my foul and to the fouls of many others, and how 
young ones in Chrifl are plucked from the breaft, and the inherit- 
ance of God laid wafle ; yet that fweet fmelled and perfumed crofs 

* Brother to Lady Kenmure, afterwards the celebrated Marquis of Argyle. 
See Let. 61. t Let. 60. 

1636.J LETTER LXL 163 

of Chrifl: is accompanied with fweet refrefhments, with the kifTes 
of a Eng, with the joy of the Holy Ghofl:, with faith that the Lord 
hears the fighing of a prifoner, with undoubted hope (as fure as 
my Lord liveth) after this night to fee daylight, and Chrift's fky 
to clear up again upon me, and His poor kirk ; and that in a 
ftrange land, among ftrange faces. He will give favour in the eyes 
of men to His poor opprefTed fervant, who dow* not but love 
that lovely One, that princely One, Jefus, the Comforter of his 
foul. All would be well, if I were free of old challenges f for 
guiltinefs, and for negleft in my calling, and for fpeaking too little 
for my Well-beloved's crown, honour, and kingdom. O for a day 
in the aflembly of the faints to advocate for King Jefus ! If my 
Lord go on now to quarrels alfo, I die, I cannot endure it. But I 
look for peace from Him, becaufe He knoweth I dow* bear men's 
feud, but I dow* not bear His feud. This is my only exercife, 
that I fear I have done little good in my miniftry ; but I dare not 
but fay, I loved the bairns of the wedding-chamber, and prayed 
for and defired the thriving of the marriage, and coming of His 

I apprehend no lefs than a judgment upon Galloway, and that 
the Lord fhall vifit this whole nation for the quarrel of the Cove- 
nant. But what can be laid upon me, or any the like of me, is too 
light for Chrifl. Chrifl dow* bear more, and would bear death and 
burning quick, in His quick fervants, even for this honourable 
caufe that I now fuffer for. Yet for all my complaints (and He 
knoweth that I dare not now difTemble), He was never fweeter and 
kinder than He is now. One kifs now is fweeter than ten long 
fince ; fweet, fweet is His crofs ; light, light and eafy is His yoke. 
O what a fweet ftep were it up to my Father's houfe through ten 
deaths, for the truth and caufe of that unknown, and fo not half 
well loved, Plant of Renown, the Man called the Branch, the Chief 
among ten thoufands, the fairefl among the fons of men ! O what 
unfeen joys, how many hidden heart-burnings of love, are In the 

* Can. t Rebukes. 

i64 LETTER LXII. [1636. 

remnants of the fufferings of Chrift ! My dear worthy Lady, I give 
it to your Ladyfliip, under my own hand, my heart writing as well 
as my hand, — welcome, welcome, fweet, fweet and glorious crofs 
of Chrift i welcome, fweet Jefus, with Thy light crofs. Thou hail: 
now gained and gotten all my love from me ; keep what Thou haft 
gotten ! Only woe, woe is me, for my bereft flock, for the lambs 
of Jefus, that I fear fhall be fed with dry breafts. But I fpare now. 
Madam, I dare not promife to fee your Ladyfhip, becaufe of the 
little time I have allotted me •, and I purpofe to obey the IGng, who 
hath power of my body ; and rebellion to kings is unbefeeming 
Chrift's minifters. Be pleafed to acquaint my Lady Mar* with my 
cafe. I will look that your Ladyfhip and that good lady will be 
mindful to God of the Lord's prifoner, not for my caufe, but for 
the Gofpel's fake. Madam, bind me more, if more can be, to your 
Ladyfhip, and write thanks to your brother, my Lord of Lorn, for 
what he hath done for me, a poor unknown ftranger to his Lord- 
fhip. I fliall pray for him and his houfe, while I live. It is his 
honour to open his mouth in the ftreets, for his wronged and 
opprefled Mafter Chrift Jefus. Now, Madam, commending your 
Ladyfhip and the fweet child to the tender mercies of mine own 
Lord Jefus, and His good-will who dwelt in the Bufh, 
I am yours in his own fweeteft Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Edinburgh, July 28, 1636. 

LXIL — To the Lady Culross, on occajton of his han'ijhment to 

[Elizabeth Melville, wife of James Colvill, the eldeft Ion of Alex- 
ander, Commendator of Culrofs, was the daughter of Sir James Melville of 
Halhill, in Fife. Her father, an accomplifhed ftatefman, was ambaflador 
from Queen Mary to Queen Elizabeth, and a privy councillor to King James 
VI. He was alfo a man of piety, and, as Livingftone informs us, '* profeffed 
he had got aflurance from the Lord, that himfelf, wife, and all his children, 

* See Let. to her, 140, and notice prefixed. 

1636.] LETTER LXIL 165 

fhould meet in heaven." He died on the 13th of November 161 7. Her 
mother was Chriftian, the feventh daughter of David Bofwell of Balmuto. 
{Douglas's Peerage J vol. ii.) Lady Culrofs held a high place among the 
eminent Chriftians of her day. Livingftone fays: ^* She was famous for her 
piety, and for her dream concerning her fpiritual condition, which Ihe put in 
verfe, and was by others publifhed. Of all that ever I faw, ihe was moft 
unwearied in religious exercifes ; and the more fhe enjoyed accefs to God 
therein fhe hungered the more." She was prefent at the Communion at 
Shotts in June 1636, when the fermon preached by Livingftone, on the 
Monday after the facrament, was the means, it is believed, of the converfion 
of not lefs than five hundred individuals. The night before had been fpent in 
prayer by a great number of Chriftians in a large room where fhe flept ; and 
the minifter who fliould have preached on Monday having fallen fick, it was 
at her fuggeftion that the other minifters affifting on that occafion, to whom 
Livingftone was a ftranger, laid upon him the work of addreffing the people on 
Monday. There is a poem written by her entitled, *^ Ane Godlie Dream ; " 
and there is ftill preferved a fonnet of her compofition, which fhe fent to Mr 
John Welfh when he was imprifoned in Blacknefs, i6oj : — 

^^ My dear brother, with courage bear the crofs, 
Joy fhall be joined with all thy forrow here. 
High is thy hope, difdain this earthly drofs. 
Once fhall you fee the wifhed day appear. 

' * Now it is dark, thy Iky cannot be clear, 
After the clouds it fhall be calm anon ; 
Wait on His will whofe blood hath bought thee dear : 
Extol His name, though outward joys be gone. 

' ^ Look to the Lord, thou art not left alone, 

Since He is thine, what pleafure canft thou take I 
He is at hand, and hears thy every groan : 
End out thy fight, and fuffer for His fake. 

^' A fight moft bright thy foul fhall fhortly fee, 
When ftore of glore thy rich reward fhall be." 

— Wodroqv MSS. Adv. Lib. Edin. vol. xxix. 


I AD AM, — Your letter came in due time to me, now a 
prifoner of Chrifl:, and in bonds for the Gofpel. I am 
fentenced with deprivation and confinement within the 
town of Aberdeen. But O my guiltinefs, the follies of my youth, 
the negleffs in my calling, and efpecially in not fpeaking more for 

i66 LETTER LXIL [1636. 

the kingdom, crown, and fceptre of my royal and princely King 
Jefus, do fo flare me in the face, that I apprehend anger in that 
which is a crown of rejoicing to the dear faints of God. This, be- 
fore my compearance,* which was three feveral days, did trouble 
me, and burdeneth me more now ; howbeit Chrift, and in Him 
God reconciled, met me with open arms, and tryfledf me precifely 
at the entry of the door of the Chancellor's hall, and affifted me to 
anfwer, fo as the advantage that is is not theirs but Chrift's. Alas ! 
that is no caufe of wondering that I am thus borne down with 
challenges ; J for the world hath miftaken me, and no man knoweth 
what guiltinefs is in me fo well as thefe two, who keep my eyes 
now waking and my heart heavy, I mean, my heart and con- 
fcience, and my Lord, who is greater than my heart. 

Shew your brother that I defire him, while he is on the watch- 
tower, to plead with his mother, and to plead with this land, and 
fpare not to cry for my fweet Lord Jefus His fair crown, that the 
interdifted and forbidden lords § are plucking off His royal head. 
If I were free of challenges J and a High CommifTion within my 
foul, I would not give a ilraw to go to my Father's houfe through 
ten deaths, for the truth and caufe of my lovely, lovely One, Jefus. 
But I walk in heavinefs now. If ye love me, and Chrifl in me, my 
dear Lady, pray, pray for this only, that bygones betwixt my Lord 
and me may be bygones, |1 and that He would pafs from the fum- 
mons of His High CommifTion, and feek nothing from me, but what 
He will do for me and work in me. If your Ladyfhip knew me as 
I do myfelf, ye would fay, " Poor foul, no marvel." It is not my 
apprehenfion that createth this crofs to me ; it is too real, and hath 
fad and certain grounds. But I will not believe that God will take 
this advantage of me, when my back is at the wall. He who for- 
biddeth to add affliftion to affli6lion, will He do it Himfelf .? Why 
fhould He purfue a dry leaf and ftubble ? Defire Him to fpare me 

* Appearance at Court in obedience to a citation. 

t Appointed a meeting with. % Rebukes that I give myfelf. 

^ The Prelates. |j All paft offences forgiven and forgotten. 

1636.] LETTER LXIIL 167 

now. Alfo the memory of the fair feast-days that Chrifl and I had 
in His banqueting-houfe of wine, and of the fcattered flock once com- 
mitted to me, and now taken off my hand by Himfelf, becaufe I 
was not fo faithful in the end as I was in the two firft years of my 
entry, when fleep departed from my eyes, becaufe my foul was taken 
up with a care for Chrifl's lambs, — even thefe add Ibrrow to my 
forrow. Now my Lord hath only given me this to fay, and I write 
it under mine own hand (be ye the Lord's fervant's witnefs), wel- 
come, welcome, fweet, fweet crofs of Chriil -, welcome fair, fair, 
lovely, royal King with Thine own crofs. Let us all three go to 
heaven together. Neither care I much to go from the fouth of 
Scotland to the north, and to be Chrift's prifoner amongfl unco* 
faces, in a place of this kingdom, which I have little reafon to be in 
love with. I know Chrift fhall make Aberdeen my garden of de- 
lights. I am fully perfuaded that Scotland fliall eat Ezekiel's book, 
that is written within and without, " lamentation, and mourning, and 
woe."f But the faints fhall get a drink of the well that goeth 
through the ftreets of the New Jerufalem, to put it down. J Thus 
hoping that ye will think upon the poor prifoner of Chrifl:, I pray, 
grace, grace be with you. 

Your Ladyfliip's in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Edinburgh, July 30, 1636. 

LXin. — To Mr Robert Cunningham, Minijler of the Go/pel at 
Holyivoody in Ireland. 

[Mr Robert Cunningham was at firft for fome time employed as 
chaplain to the Earl of Buccleuch's regiment in Holland. On the return of 
the troops to Scotland, he removed to the north of Ireland, where he was ad- 
mitted minifter of Holywood on the 9th of November 1615. '^ He was the 
one man to my difceming," fays Livingftone, ^^ of all that ever I faw, who 

* Strange. f Ezek. ii. 10. 

X Make it more pleafant to fwallovv. 

i68 LETTER LXIIL [1636. 

refembled moft the meeknefs of Jefus Chrift in his whole carriage, and was fo 
far reverenced by all, even the moft wicked, that he was oft troubled with 
that Scripture, * Woe to you \vhen all men fpeak well of you.'" He con- 
tinued to labour in his charge, and in the furrounding diftrid, with great fuc- 
cefs, until, on the appointment of the Earl of AA'entworth to be Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland, the Prefbyterian minifters began to be molefted for 
their non-conformity. Owing to the Angular gentlenefs of Cunningham's dis- 
pofition, he was for fome time fubjecfted to lefs trouble than his brethren ; but 
at length, on the 12th of Auguft 1636, he and four other minifters, among 
whom was Mr Hamilton mentioned in the clofe of this letter, were formally 
depofed for refufing to fubfcribe certain canons, one of which was one enjoin- 
ing kneeling at the Lord's Supper. Not long after, he and fome of his de- 
pofed brethren came over to Scotland ; but he did not long furvive his arrival, 
having been attacked with ficknefs at Irvine, where he died on the 29th of 
March 1637, fcarcely eight months after this letter was written. A little be- 
fore he expired, while his wife was fitting on the front of his bed with her 
hand clafp>ed in his, after committing to God by prayer his flock at Holywood, 
his friends and children, he faid, ** And laft of all, I recommend to Thee this 
gentlewoman, who is no more my wife." His affedionate wife burfting into 
tears, he endeavoured by comfortable words to allay her grief; and while in 
the act of fo doing, fell afleep in Jefus.] 


jj\iA%iy Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. Upon acquaint- 
|Kv^^EAgi.jj | ance in Chrift, I thought good to take the opportunity 
of writing to you. Seeing it hath feemed good to the Lord of the 
harveft to take the hooks* out of our hands for a time, and to lay 
upon us a more honourable fervice, even to fuffer for His name, it 
were good to comfort one another in writing. I have had a defire 
to fee you in the face ; yet now being the prifoner of Chrift, it is 
taken away. I am greatlv comforted to hear of your foldier's ftately 
fpirit, for your princely and royal Captain Jefus our Lord, and for 
the grace of God in the reft of our dear brethren with you. 

* The Tickles for reaping. 

1636.] LETTER LXIIL 169 

You have heard of my trouble, I fuppofe. It hath pleafed our 
Iweet Lord Jefus to let loofe the malice of thefe interdifted lords in 
His houfe to deprive me of my miniftry at Anwoth, and to confine 
me, eight fcore miles from thence, to Aberdeen ; and alfo (which 
was not done to any before) to inhibit* me to fpeak at all in Jefus' 
name, within this kingdom, under the pain of rebellion. The caufe 
that ripened their hatred was my book againft the Arminians, whereof 
they accufed me, on thefe three days I appeared before them. But, 
let our crowned King in Zion reign ! By His grace the lofs is 
theirs, the advantage is Chrifl's and truth's. Albeit this honeft crofs 
gained fome ground on me, and my heavinefs and my inward 
challenges of confcience for a time were fharp, yet now, for the en- 
couragement of you all, I dare fay it, and write it under my hand, 
" Welcome, welcome, fweet, fweet crofs of Chrift." I verily think 
the chains of my Lord Jefus are all overlaid with pure gold, and that 
His crofs is perfumed, and that it fmelleth of Chrift, and that the 
viftory fhall be by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of His 
truth, and that Chrift, lying on His back, in His weak fervants, and 
opprefled truth, fhall ride over His enemies' bellies, and fhall " ftrike 
through kings in the day of His wrath."f It is time we laugh 
when He laugheth ; and feeing He is now pleafed to fit with:|: 
wrongs for a time, it becometh us to be filent until the Lord hath 
let the enemies enjoy their hungry, lean, and fecklefs§ paradife. 
Bleffed are they who are content to take ftrokes with weeping 
Chrifl. Faith will truft the Lord, and is not hafty, nor headftrong ; 
neither is faith fo timorous as to flatter a temptation, or to bud|| and 
bribe the crofs. It is little up or little down f that the Lamb and 
His followers can get no law-furety, nor truce with croffes ; it muft be 
fo, till we be up in our Father's houfe. My heart is woe** indeed 
for my mother Church, that hath played the harlot with many lovers. 
Her Hufband hath a mind to fell her for her horrible tranfgreflions ; 

* Forbid. f Ps. ex. 5. % To bear with in filence. 

§ Worthlefs, no iubftance in it. || Try to gain by gift. 

^ Of little moment. ** Sorrowful. 

lyo LETTER LXIIL [1636. 

and heavy will the hand of the Lord be upon this backfliding nation. 
The ways of our Zion mourn ; her gold is become dim, her white 
Nazarites are black like a coal. How fhall not the children weep, 
when the Hufband and the mother cannot agree ! Yet I believe 
Scotland's fky fhall clear again ; that Chrifl fhall build again the 
old wafle places of Jacob ; that our dead and dry bones fhall be- 
come one army of living men, and that our Well-beloved may yet 
feed among the lilies, until the day break and the fhadows flee away.* 
My dear brother, let us help one another with our prayers. Our 
King fhall mow down His enemies, and fhall come from Bozrah 
with His garments all dyed in blood. And for our confolation fhall 
He appear, and call His wife Hephzibah, and His land Beulah ;f 
for He will rejoice over us and marry us, and Scotland fhall fay, 
" What have I to do any more with idols ?" Only let us be faith- 
ful to Him that can ride through hell and death upon a windleflrae,:]: 
and His horfe never flumble ; and let Him make of me a bridge over 
a water, fo that His high and holy name may be glorified in me. 
Strokes with the fweet Mediator's hand are very fweet. He was 
always fweet to my foul ; but fmce I fufFered for Him, His breath 
hath a fweeter fmell than before. Oh that every hair of my head, 
and every member and every bone in my body, were a man to 
witnefs a fair confefTion for Him ! I would think all too little for 
Him. When I look over beyond the line, and beyond death, to the 
laughing fide of the world, I triumph, and ride upon the high places 
of Jacob ; howbeit otherwife I am a faint, dead-hearted, cowardly 
man, oft borne down, and hungry in waiting for the marriage fupper 
of the Lamb. Neverthelefs, I think it the Lord's wife love that 
feeds us with hunger, and makes us fat with wants and defertions. 

I know not, my dear brother, if our worthy brethren be gone 
to fea or not. They are on my heart and in my prayers. If they 
be yet with you, falute my dear friend, John Stuart, my well-beloved 
brethren in the Lord, Mr Blair, Mr Hamilton, Mr Livingfton, and 

* Song iv. 5,6. t Ifa. Ixii. 4. J A ftraw of dogs'-tail grafs. 

1636.] LETTER LXIV. 171 

Mr M'Clelland,* and acquaint them with my troubles, and en- 
treat them to pray for the poor aiflicfted prifoner of Chrift. They 
are dear to my foul. I feek your prayers and theirs for my flock : 
their remembrance breaketh my heart. I defire to love that people, 
and others my dear acquaintance in Chrift, with love in God, and 
as God loveth them. I know that He who fent me to the weft 
and fouth, fends me alio to the north. I will charge my foul to 
believe and to wait for Him, and will follow His providence, and 
not go before it, nor ftay behind it. Now, my dear brother, taking 
farewell in paper, I commend you all to the word of His grace, and 
to the work of His Spirit, to Him who holdeth the feven ftars in 
His right hand, that you may be kept fpotlefs till the day of Jefus 
our Lord. 

I am your brother in aifliftion in our fweet Lord Jeftis, 

S. R. 

From Irvine, being on my journey to Chrift's 
Palace in Aberdeen, Auguji 4, 1636. 


LXrV. — To Alexander Gordon of Earlflon. 

UCH HONOURED SIR,— I find fmall hopes of Q.'s 
bufmefs. I intend, after the council-day, to go on to 
Aberdeen. The Lord is with me: I care not what 
man can do. I burden no man, and I want nothing. No king is 
better provided than I am. Sweet, fweet, and eafy is the crofs of 
my Lord. All men I look in the face (of whatfoever denomina- 
tion, nobles and poor, acquaintance and ftrangers) are friendly to 

* Correfpondents to whom there are letters inferted in this volume, v^^ho 
having been obliged to remove from Scotland by the oppreflive meafures of 
the prelates, intended to proceed to New England. But the voyage proving 
difaftrous, they ultimately returned to Ireland. There was a M'Lelland of 
Balmagachan, near Roberton, in the parish of Borgue; but this is not he. 
This was John M^Lelland, fometime minifter of Kirkcudbright, a friend of 
R. Blair's. 

172 LETTER LXV. [1636. 

me. My Well-beloved is fome* kinder and more warmly than ordi- 
nary, and Cometh and vifiteth my foul. My chains are overgilded 
with gold. Only the remembrance of my fair days with Chrift in 
Anwoth, and of my dear flock (whofe cafe is my heart's forrow), is 
vinegar to my fugared wine. Yet both fweet and four feed my foul. 
No pen, no words, no inginef can exprefs to you the lovelinefs of 
my only, only Lord Jefus. Thus, in hafte, making for my palace 
at Aberdeen, I blefs you, your wife, your eldeft fon, and other 
children. Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours in his only, only Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Edinburgh, Sept. 5, 1636. 

LXV. — To Robert Gordon of Knockbreck, on his luay to Aberdeen. 

[Robert Gordon of Knockbrex, in the parifh of Borgue, which adjoins 
Anwoth, is, by Livingftone in his Charaderi/lics , defcribed as ** a fingle-hearted 
and painful Chriftian, much employed at parliaments and public meetings after 
the year 1638." He was a member of the famous Aflembly which met at 
Glasgow in 1638, as commifTioner from the Prefbytery of Kirkcudbright. The 
precife date of his death is uncertain. But, on the 28th of July 1657, John 
Gordon, fon to John Gordon, who was fon to Alexander Gordon in Gar- 
loch, is retoured **heir of Robert Gordon of Knockbreck, his granduncle," 
in the lands of Knockbreck, &c. {Inq. Retor. Abbrenj. Kirkcudbright , No. 
274.) This retour enables us to con-edt fome miftakes which have been fallen 
into in reference to Knockbreck and his family. Stevenfon, in his edition of 
Livingftone's Charaderijlics , 1773, has added to Livingftone's account of 
Robert Gordon of Knockbreck the following fentence: — ^^They all three 
fufFered for religion. The two younger brothers were executed on one 
gibbet, and embracing each other in their arms, did fo expire." The two 
brothers to whom Stevenfon refers, John Gordon of Knockbreck, and Robert, 
who were executed at Edinburgh on the 7th of December 1666, for having 
been engaged in the riling at Pentland (fee Let. 218), were the grandchildren 
of Alexander Gordon of Garloch, the brother of Robert Gordon of Knock- 
breck, to whom Rutherford addrefTes this letter, and to whom one of them, 
John, in the above retour, was ferved heir. Others have made the fame 

* Somewhat. f Power of mind. It is alfo written engine or ingyne. 

It is the Latin ingenium. 

1636.] LETTER LXVL 173 

miftake. Robert Gordon of Knockbreck was evidently only their granduncle. 
Their father's name was John, and he died many years before the martyr- 
dom of his fons. 

Knockbrex ftands over near the fea-fhore, amid thick woods, looking down 
on the opening of Wigtown Bay, But a modern manfion has taken the place 
of Gordon's refidence.] 


! Y DEAREST BROTHER,— I fee Chrift thinketh fhame 
(if I may fpeak fo) to be in fuch a poor man's common* 
as mine. I burden no man ; I want nothing ; no face 
hath gloomed upon me fmce I left you. God's fun and fair weather 
conveyeth me to my time-paradife in Aberdeen. Chrifl hath fo 
handfomely fitted for my fhoulders this rough tree of the crofs, as 
that it hurteth me no ways. My treafure is up in Chrifl's coffers ; 
my comforts are greater than ye can believe ; my pen fhall lie for 
penury of words to write of them. God knoweth I am filled with 
the joy of the Holy Ghoft. Only the memory of you, my dearefl 
in the Lord, my flock and others, keepeth me under, and from 
being exalted above meafure. Chrift's fweet fauce hath this four 
mixed with it ; but O fuch a fweet and pleafant tafle ! I find fmall 
hopes of Q.'s matter. Thus in hafl:e. Remember me to your 
wife, and to William Gordon. Grace be with you. 
Yours in his only, only Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Edinburgh, Sept. 5, 1636. 

LXVL — To Robert Go^no^ of Knockbrex , after arriving at Aberdeen. 


EAR BROTHER, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to 
you. I am, by God's mercy, come now to Aberdeen, 
the place of my confinement, and fettled in an honeft 
man's houfe. I find the town's-men cold, general, and dry in their 

* Under obligation to. 

174 LETTER LXVL [1636. 

kindnefs ; yet I find a lodging in the heart of many ftrangers. My 
challenges are revived again, and I find old fores bleeding of new ; 
dangerous and painful is an undercotted* confcience; yet I have 
an eye to the blood that is phyfic for fuch fores. But, verily, I fee 
Chriftianity is conceived to be more eafy and lighter than it is ; fb 
that I fometimes think I never knew anything but the letters of 
that name ; for our nature contenteth itfelf with little in godlinefs. 
Our "Lord, Lord" feemeth to us ten " Lord, Lords." Little holi- 
nefs in our balance is much, becaufe it is our own holinefs ; and we 
love to lay fmall burdens upon our foft natures, and to make a fair 
court-way to heaven. And I know it were neceffary to take more 
pains than we do, and not to make heaven a city more eafily taken 
than God hath made it. I perfuade myfelf that many runners fhall 
come fhort, and get a difappointment. Oh! how eafy is it to de- 
ceive ourfelves, and to fleep, and wifii that heaven may fall down 
in our laps ! Yet for all my Lord's glooms,f I find Him fweet, gra- 
cious, loving, kind ; and I want both pen and words to fet forth the 
fairnefs, beauty, and fweetnefs of Chrift's love, and the honour of 
this crofs of Chrifl, which is glorious to me, though the world 
thinketh ftiame thereof. I verily think that the crofs of Chrift 
would blufh and think fhame of thefe thin-fkinned worldlings, who 
are fo married to their credit that they are afhamed of the fufFerings 
of Chrift. O the honour to be fcourged and ftoned with Chrift, 
and to go through a furious-faced death to life eternal! But men 
would have law-borrows J againft Chrift's crofs. 

Now, my dear brother, forget not the prifoner of Chrift, for I 
fee very few here who kindly fear God. Grace be with you. Let 
my love in Chrift and hearty affeftion be remembered to your kind 
wife, to your brother John, and to all friends. The Lord Jefus be 
with your fpirit. 

Yours in his only, only Lord Jefus, S. R. 

Aberdeex, Sept. 20, 1636. 

* F eft ering under the fkin. Calderwood's Hift. v. 658. f Frowns. 

X Surety from injury ; giving a pledge to the law not to injure. 

1636.] LETTER LXVIL 175 

LXVII. — For William Fullarton, Provojl of Kirkcudbright. 

[William Fullarton, as has been formerly noticed, was the hufband 
of Marion M * Naught. His religious principles were the fame with thofe of his 
excellent wife, and he was a man of virtue, integrity, and piety. He proved 
himfelf the patron of the opprefled in the cafe of Mr Robert Glendinning, the 
aged minifter of Kirkcudbright ; to which cafe there is evident allufion in this 
letter. Mr Glendinning having refufed to conform to Prelacy, and to receive, 
as his affiiftant and fucceflbr, a man whom Bifhop Sydferff intruded upon him 
and the people of Kirkcudbright, the Bifhop fufpended him from his office, 
and fentenced him to be imprifoned. Provoft Fullarton, and the other magis- 
trates of the burgh (one of whom was Mr William Glendinning, fon of the 
minifter), indignant at fuch tyrannical proceedings, refufed to incarcerate their 
own paftor, then nearly 80 years of age, and were determined, with the 
great body of the inhabitants of the town, to attend upon his miniftry. 
Sydferff, too proud and violent to allow his authority to be thus defpifed, 
caufed Bailie Glendinning to be imprifoned in Kirkaidbright, and the other 
magiftrates to be confined within the town of Wigtown, while he fentenced the 
aged minifter to remain within the bounds of his parilh, and forbade him to 
exercife any part of his minifterial fund:ions. But he found it impoffible, by 
all the means he could employ, to reduce thefe refradtory magiftrates to 
obedience. The firmnefs which Fullarton manifefted on this occafion is 
warmly commended by Rutherford.] 



— Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I am in good 
cafe, blefTed be the Lord, remaining here in this unco * 
town, a prifoner for Chrift and His truth. And I am not afhamed 
of His crofs. My foul is comforted with the confolations of His 
fweet prefence, for whom I fuffer. 

I earneftly entreat you to give your honour and authority to 
Chrifl:, and for Chrift ; and be not difmayed for flefh and blood, 
while you are for the Lord, and for His truth and caufe. And 
howbeit we fee truth put to the worfe for the time, yet Chrifl will 

* Strange. 

17^ LETTER LXFIIL [1636. 

be a friend to truth, and will do* for thofe who dare hazard all 

that they have for Him and for His glory. Sir, our fair day is 

coming, and the court will change, and wicked men will weep after 

noon, and forer than the fons of God, who weep in the morning. 

Let us believe and hope for God's falvation. 

Sir, I hope I need not write to you for your kindnefs and love 

to my brother,f who is now to be diftrefTed for the truth of God 

as well as I am. I think myfelf obliged to pray for you, and your 

worthy and kind bed-fellow and children, for your love to him and 

me alfo. I hope your pains for us in Chrift fhall not be loft. Thus 

recommending you to the tender mercy and loving-kindnefs of God, 

I reft, 

Your very loving and afFed^ionate brother, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Sept. 21, 1636. 

LXVIII.— 51? John Fleming, Bailiffe of Leith.X 

[Of Mr Fleming nothing can be afcertained, unlefs it is he who is men- 
tioned by Livingfton as being a merchant in Edinburgh, a man of note among 
the godly.] 


Y VERY WORTHY FRIEND,— Grace, mercy, and 
peace be to you. I received your letter. I blefs the 
Lord through Jefus Chrift, I find His word good, " I 
have chofen thee in the furnace of affliftion." § — "I will be with 

* Ad: fo as to undo them. 

t His brother was a teacher in Kirkcudbright, and between him and 
Samuel there was a warm attachment, and ftrong mutual fympathies. He, 
too, fuffered perfecution for his adherence to the caufe of Prefbytery. For this, 
and his zealous fupport of Mr Glendinning, whom the Bifliop of Galloway 
treated with fuch cruelty, he was fummoned in November 1636 before the 
High Commiffion, and condemned to refign his charge, and remove from 
Kirkcudbright before the enfuing term of Whitfunday. 

t BailifFe is the modern '' Bailie," the name for a city magiftrate. 

§ I fa. xlviii. lo. 

1636.] LETTER LXFIII. 177 

him in trouble."* I never expe6ted otherf at Chrift's hand but much 
good and comfort ; and I am not difappointed. I find my Lord's 
crofs overgilded and oiled with comforts. My Lord hath now 
fhown me the white fide of His crofs. I would not exchange my 
weeping in prifon with the Fourteen Prelates' :j: laughter, amidfi: 
their hungry and lean joys. This world knoweth not the fweetnefs 
of Chrift's love ; it is a myftery to them. 

At my firfi: coming here, I found great heavinefs, efpecially 
becaufe it had pleafed the prelates to add this gentle cruelty to my 
former fufferings (for it is gentle to them), to inhibit the minifters 
of the town to give me the liberty of a pulpit. I faid, What aileth 
Chrifi: at my fervice ? But I was a fool ; He hath chid Himfelf 
friends with me. If ye and others of God's children fhall praife 
His great name, who maketh worthlefs men witnefies for Him, my 
filence and fufferings fiiall preach more than my tongue could do. 
If His glory be feen in me, I am fatisfied ; for I want for no kind- 
nefs from Chrifi:. And, fir, I dare not fmother His liberality. I 
write it to you, that ye may praife, and defire your brother and 
others to join with me in this work. 

This land fiiall be made defolate. Our iniquities are full ^ the 
Lord faith, we fiiall drink, and fpue, and fall. Remember my love 
to your good kind wife. Grace be with you. 

Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Nov, 13, 1636. 

* Ps. xci. 15. f Ought elfe. 

X Referring probably to the number of prelates (confifting of two arch- 
bifhops and twelve bifhops), who were members of the High Commiffion by 
whom he was fentenced to imprifonment. 

VOL. I. 

178 LETTER LXIX. [1636. 

LXIX. — To the Noble and Chrijlian Lady the Viscountess of 



Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. I cannot forget 
your Ladyihip, and that fweet child. I defire to hear 
what the Lord is doing to you and him. To write to me were 
charity. I cannot but write to my friends, that Chrift hath tryfted* 
me in Aberdeen -, and my adverfaries have fent me here to be 
feafted with love banquets with my royal, high, high, and 
princely I^ng Jefus. Madam, why fhould I fmother Chrifl's hon- 
efty ? I dare not conceal His goodnefs to my foul ; He looked 
fremedf and unco-like J upon me when I came firfl here •, but I 
believe Himfelf better than His looks. I fhall not again quarrel 
Chrifl for a gloom, § now He hath taken the mafk off His face, and 
faith, "Kjfs thy fill ;" and what can I have more when I get great 
heaven in my little arms ? Oh how fweet are the fufFerings of Chrifl 
for Chrift ! God forgive them that raife an ill report upon the 
fweet crofs of Chrifl. It is but our weak and dim eyes, that look 
but to the black fide, that makes us miflake. Thofe who can take 
that crabbed tree handfomely upon their back, and faflen it on 
cannily,|| fhall find it fuch a burden as wings unto a bird, or fails to 
a fhip. Madam, rue not of your having chofen the better part. 
Upon my falvation, this is Chrift's truth I now fuffer for. If I 
found but cold comfort in my fufFerings, I would not beguile others ; 
I would have told you plainly. But the truth is, Chrifl's crown, 
His fceptre, and the freedom of His kingdom, is that which is now 

* Appointed to meet, f Like one who was no kinfman. X Strange-like. 
§ Frown. |( Quietly, and Ikilfully. 

1636.] LETTER LXIX. 179 

called in queftion ; becaufe we will not allow that Chrifl: pay tri- 
bute and be a vaflal to the ihields of the earth, therefore the fons of 
our mother are angry at us. But it becometh not Chrift to hold 
any man's flirrup. It were a fweet and honourable death to die 
for the honour of that royal and princely I^ng Jefus. His love is 
a myftery to the world. I would not have believed that there was 
fo much in Chrift as there is. " Come and fee" maketh Chrifl to 
be known in His excellency and glory. I wifh all this nation knew 
how fweet His breath is. It is little to fee Chrift in a book, as 
men do the world in a card.* They talk of Chrift by the book 
and the tongue, and no more ; but to come nigh Chrift, and haufef 
Him; and embrace Him, is another thing. Madam, I write to your 
honour, for your encouragement in that honourable profeffion 
Chrift hath honoured you with. Ye have gotten the funny fide of 
the brae, J and the beft of Chrift's good things. He hath not given 
you the baftard's portion ; and howbeit ye get ftrokes and four 
looks from your Lord, yet believe His love more than your own 
feeling, for this world can take nothing from you that is truly 
yours, and death can do you no wrong. Your rock doth not ebb 
and flow, but your fea. That which Chrift hath faid. He will 
bide by it. He will be your tutor. You fhall not get your charters 
of heaven to play you with. It is good that ye have loft your 
credit with Chrift, and that Lord Free-will ftiall not be your tutor. 
Chrift will lippen§ the taking you to heaven, neither to yourfelf, 
nor any deputy, but only to Himfelf. Blefted be your tutor. When 
your Head fhall appear, your Bridegroom and Lord, your day 
ftiall then dawn, and it fhall never have an afternoon, nor an even- 
ing ftiadow. Let your child be Chrift's ; let him ftay befide you as 
thy Lord's pledge, that you fhall willingly render again, if God 

Madam, I find folks here kind to me ; but in the night, and 
under their breath. My Mafter's caufe may not come to the crown 

* Chart, map. f Clofe with; clafp round the neck; hals^ the neck, or throat. 
X Of the hill ; the comfortable and warm fituation. § Entruft. 

i8o LETTER LXIX. [1636. 

of the caufeway.* Others are kind according to their fafhion. 
Many think me a ftrange man, and my caufe not good ; but I care 
not much for man's thoughts or approbation. I think no fhame of 
the crofs. The preachers of the town pretend great love, but the 
prelates have added to the reft this gentle cruelty (for fo they think 
of it), to difcharge me of the pulpits of this town. The people mur- 
mur and cry out againft it ; and to fpeak truly (howbeit Chrifl: is moft 
indulgent to me otherwife), my filence on the Lord's day keeps me 
from being exalted above meafure, and from ftartlingf in the heat of 
my Lord's love. Some people afFedl J me, for the which caufe, I hear 
the preachers here purpofe to have my confinement changed to 
another place ; fo cold is northern love ; but Chrifl and I will bear it. 
I have wreftled long with this fad filence. I faid, what aileth Chrifl 
at my fervice ? and my foul hath been at a pleading with Chrifl, 
and at yea and nay. But I will yield to Him, providing my fufFer- 
ing may preach more than my tongue did ; for I give not Chrifl an 
inch but for twice as good again. In a word, I am a fool, and He 
is God. I will hold my peace hereafter. 

Let me hear from your Ladyfhip, and your dear child. Pray 
for the prifoner of Chrifl, who is mindful of your Ladyfhip. Re- 
member my obliged obedience to my good Lady Marr. Grace, 
grace be with you. I write and pray bleffings to your fweet child. 
Yours in all dutiful obedience in his only Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Not'. 22, 1636. 

* Appear without fhame in public. 

t Startle, as cattle do in hot weather, nin up and down in an excited manner. 

t Love. 


636.] LETTER LXX. 181 

LXX. — To the Right Honourable and Chrijlian Lady, my Lady 
Viscountess of Kenmure. 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. I received 
your Ladyfhip's letter. It refrefhed me in my heavi- 
nefs. The ble/Iing and prayer of a prilbner of Chrifl 
come upon you. Since my coming hither, Galloway fent me not a 
line, except what my brother, Earleflon and his fon did write. I 
cannot get my papers tranfported ; but. Madam, I want not kind- 
nefs of one who hath the gate * of it. Chrift (if He had never done 
more for me fmce I was born) hath engaged my heart, and gained 
my bleffing in this houfe of my pilgrimage. It pleafeth my Well- 
beloved to dine with a poor prifoner, and the King's fpikenard cafleth 
a fragrant fmell. Nothing grieveth me, but that I eat my feafts 
my lone, and that I cannot edify His faints. O that this nation 
knew what is betwixt Him and me ; none would fcarf at the 
crofs of Chrifl ! My filence eats me up, but He hath told me He 
thanketh me no lefs, than if I were preaching daily. He fees how 
gladly I would be at it •, and therefore my wages are going to the 
fore, J up in heaven, as if I were ftill preaching Chrift. Captains 
pay duly bedfafl foldiers, howbeit they do§ not march, nor carry 
armour. " Though Ifrael be not gathered, yet fhall I be glorious 
in the eyes of the Lord, and my God fhall be my ftrength." || My 
garland, " the banillied minifter" (the term of Aberdeen), afhameth 
me not. I have feen the white fide of Chrift's crofs ; how lovely 
hath He been to His opprefTed fervant ! " The Lord executeth 
judgment for the opprefTed, He giveth food to the hungry : the Lord 
loofeth the prifoner -, the Lord raifeth them that are bowed down : 

* Way. t Start alide in fear. :j: Laid up in ftore for my advantage^ 
§ Some editions read *^ dow," — are not able. || Ifa. xlix. 5. 

i82 LETTER LXX. [1636. 

the Lord preferveth the flranger." * If it were come to exchanging 
of crofTes, I would not exchange my crofs with any. I am well 
pleafed with Chrift, and He with me -, I hope none fhall hear us.f 
It is true for all this, I get my meat with many ftrokes, and am 
feven times a-day up and down, and am often anxious and caft 
down for the cafe of my oppreffed brother -, yet I hope the Lord 
will be furety for His fervant. But now upon fome weak, very 
weak experience, I am come to love a rumbling and raging devil 
befl. Seeing we muft have a devil to hold the faints waking, I wifli 
a cumberfome devil, rather than a fecure and fleeping one. At my 
firfl coming hither, I took the dortsj at Chrift, and took up a ftomach 
againfl Him -, I faid, He had caft me over the dike of the vineyard, 
like a dry tree. But it was His mercy, I fee, that the fire did not 
burn the dry tree ; and now, as if my Lord Jefus had done that 
fault, and not I (who belied my Lord), He hath made the firft mends, § 
and He fpake not one word againft me, but hath come again and 
quickened my foul with His prefence. Nay, now I think the very 
annuity j' and cafualties of the crofs of Chrifl Jefus my Lord, and 
thefe comforts that accompany it, better than the world's fet-rent. || 
O how many rich off-fallings f are in my King's houfe! I am per- 
fuaded, and dare pawn my falvation on it, that it is Chrift's truth I 
now fuifer for. I know His comforts are no dreams ; He would not 
put His feal on blank paper, nor deceive His afflicted ones that 
trufl in Him. 

Your Ladyfhip wrote to me that ye are yet an ill fcholar. 
Madam, ye mufl go in at heaven's gates, and your book in your 
hand, ftill learning. You have had your own large fhare of troubles, 
and a double portion ; but it faith your Father counteth you not a 
baflard ; full-begotten bairns are nurtured.** I long to hear of the 
child. I write the blefTmgs of Chrifl's prifoner and the mercies of 

* Ps. cxlvi. 7-9. 

t In Thomfon's edition this is explained by referring to Proverbs xiv. 10. 
X Sulks. § Firft repaired the injury, made up the quarrel. 

II The quit-rent ; better than the world's full rent. 1 Odds and ends. 
** Heb. xii. 8. Legitimate children are put under difcipline. 

1636.J LETTER LXX. 183 

God to him. Let him be Chrift's and yours betwixt you, but let 
Chrift be whole play-maker.* Let Him be the lender ; and you 
the borrower, not an owner. 

Madam, it is not long fmce I did write to your Ladyfhip that 
Chrift is keeping mercy for you ; and I bide by it ftill, and now I 
write it under my hand. Love Him dearly. Winf in to fee Him ; 
there is in Him that which you never faw. He is aye nigh ; He 
is a tree of life, green and bloflbming, both fummer and winter. 
There is a nick J in Chriftianity, to the which whofoever cometh, 
they fee and feel more than others can do. I invite you of new to 
come to Him. "■ Come and fee," will fpeak better things of Him than 
I can do. " Come nearer" will fay much. God thought never this 
world a portion worthy of you. He would not even § you to a g^ft 
of dirt and clay ; nay, He will not give you Efau's portion, but re- 
ferves the inheritance of Jacob for you. Are ye not well married 
now ? Have you not a good hufband now ? 

My heart cannot exprefs what fad nights I have had for the 
virgin daughter of my people. Woe is me, for my time is coming. 
" Behold, the day, behold, the day is come , the morning hath gone 
forth, the rod hath bloftbmed, pride hath budded, violence is rifen 
up in a rod of wickednefs, the fun is gone down upon our prophets." 
A dry wind upon Scotland, but neither to fan nor to cleanfe ; but out 
of all queftion, when the Lord hath cut down the foreft, the after- 
growth of Lebanon fhall flourifh ; they ftiall plant vines in our 
mountains, and a cloud fhall yet fill the temple. Now the bleffmg 
of our deareft Lord Jefus, and the blefling of him that is " feparate 
from his brethren," come upon you. 

Yours, at Aberdeen, the prifoner of Chrift, 

S. R. 


* Sole diredor of the play. f Get in, in fpite of difficulty. 

X Notch, degree, particular point. 

§ A word for difparaging comparifon ; propofe as fit for you. 

184 ' LETTER LXXL [1636. 

LXXI.— T<? Mr Hugh M'Kail. 

[Mr Hugh M^Kail was at this time'minifter of Irvine. Previous to his 
fettlement in that parifh^ Rutherford, as we learn from fome of the preceding 
letters to Marion M 'Naught, was very defirous of feeing him fettled afliftant 
and fuccelTor to Mr Robert Glendinning, the aged minifter of Kirkcudbright, 
and to him the people had an eye, but were difappointed, they having been 
anticipated by the parifh of which he was now paftor. He and Mr William 
Gockbum were appointed by the General Aflembly of 1644 to vilit the north of 
Ireland for three months, with the view of promoting the interefts of the Pres- 
byterian Church in that country. He was ultimately tranflated to Edinburgh. 
In the unhappy controverfy between the Refolutioners and Protefters, M'Kail 
took the fide of the foiTner ; but he was among the more moderate of the 
party, and always fhowed a readinefs to enter into healing meafures. Baillie 
often refers to him in his letters. M^Kail died in the beginning of the year 
1660, and was buried in the Greyfriars' churchyard, Edinburgh. (Lamont's 
Diary^ p. lai.) He was the brother of Mr Matthew M'Kail of Bothwell, 
who was the father of the youthful Hugh M'Kail. Young Hugh was edu- 
cated at Edinburgh, under the fuperintendence of this uncle, and nobly fuffered 
martyrdom in 1666.] 


your letter. I cannot but fhow you, that as I never ex- 
pected anything from Chrifl, but much good and kind- 
nefs, fo He hath made me to find it in the houfe of my pilgrimage. 
And believe me, brother, I ^ve it to you under mine own hand-writ, 
that whofo looketh to the white fide of Chrifl's crofs, and can take it 
up handfomely with faith and courage, fhall find it fuch a burden 
as fails are to a fhip, or wings to a bird. I find that my Lord hath 
overgilded that black tree, and hath perfumed it, and oiled it with 
joy and confolation. Like a fool, once I would chide and plead 
with Chrift, and llander Him to others, of unkindnefs. But I truff 
in God, not to call His glooms* unkind again ; for He hath taken 
from me my fackcloth ; and I verily cannot tell you what a poor 


1636.] LETTER LXXIL 185 

Jofeph and priibner (with whom my mother's children were angry) 
doth now think of kind Chrift. I will chide no more, providing 
He will quit me all by-gones ; * for I am poor. I am taught in this 
ill weather to go on the lee-fide of Chrifl, and to put Him in between 
me and the ftorm ; and (I thank God) I walk on the funny fide of 
the brae.f I write it, that ye may fpeak in my behalf the praifes of 
my Lord to others, that my bonds may preach. O if all Scotland 
knew the feafls, and love-blinks, and vifits that the prelates have 
lent unto me ! I will verily give my Lord Jefus a free difcharge 
of all that I, like a fool, laid to His charge, and beg Him pardon, 
to the mends. J God grant that in my temptations I come not on 
His wrong fide again, and never again fall a raving againft my 
Phyfician in my fever. 

Brother, plead with your mother while ye have time. A pulpit 
would be a high feafi: to me ; but I dare not fay one word againfl 
Him who hath done it. I am not out of the houfe as yet. My 
fweet Mafi:er faith, I fiiall have houfe-room at His own elbow ; 
albeit their fynagogue will need-force § to cafi: me out. A letter 
were a work of charity to me. Grace be with you. Pray for me. 
Your brother and Chrift's prifoner, 

Aberdeen, Nov, 22, 1636. 

LXXIL — To William Gordon of Roberton. 

[VViLLlAxM Gordon of Roberton, in the parifh of Borgue in Gallo- 
way, to whom this letter is addrefled, w^as the father of William Gordon of 
Roberton who joined with the Covenanters in the rifing at Pentland in 1666, 
where he was killed, ^* to the great lofs of the country where he lived," fays 
Wodrow, **and his own family, his aged father having no more fons." A 
daughter of this venerable old man, named Mary, alfo fuftered much for non- 
conformity at the hands of Claverhoufe and his friends. She was married to 
John Gordon of Largmore (which is in Kells, near Kenmure Caftle), who 

* Pad offences. t Comfortable fide of the hill. 

X To boot, to make all up. § Under plea of abfolute neceflity. 

i86 LETTER LXXIL [1636. 

was alfo in the battle at Pentland, where he was feverely wounded, and who, 
returning to his own houfe, died in the courfe of a few days in confequence of 
the lofs of blood, and of lying in the fields some nights after the engagement. 
The old man, to whom this letter was written, did not long funive the death 
of his fon and fon-in-law ; for, on the 8th of September 1668, Mar)^ Gordon 
is retoured heir of William Gordon of Roberton, her father, in the lands of 
Rotraix, Roberton, Kingzeantoun, etc. {Inq. Retor. Abbre'v. Kirkcudbright.) 


EAR BROTHER, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. 
So often as I think on our cafe, in our foldier's night- 
watch, and of our fighting life in the fields, while we 
are here, I am forced to fay, prifoners in a dungeon, condemned by a 
judge to want the light of the fun, and moon, and candle till their 
dying day, are no more, nay, not fo much, to be pitied as we are. 
For they are weary of their life, they hate their prifon ; but we fall 
to,* in our prifon, where we fee little, to drink ourfelves drunk with 
the night-pleafures of our weak dreams -, and we long for no better 
life than this. But at the blaft of the lafl trumpet, and the fhout of 
the archangel, when God fhall take down the fhepherd's tent of 
this fading world, we Ihall not have fo much as a drink of water, 
of all the dreams that we now build on. Alas ! that the (harp and 
bitter blaft s on face and fides, which meet us in this life, have not 
learned us mortification, and made us dead to this world ! We buy 
our own forrow, and we pay dear for it, when we fpend out our 
love, our joy, our defires, our confidence, upon an handful of fnow 
and ice, that time will melt away to nothing, and go thirfty out of 
the drunken inn when all is done. Alas ! that we inquire not for 
the clear fountain, but are fo foolifh as to drink foul, muddy, and 
rotten waters, even till our bed-time. And then in the refurrecffion, 
when we fhall be awakened, our yefternight's four drink and fwinifh 
dregs fhall riftf up upon us -, and fick, fick, fhall many a foul be then. 
I know no wholefome fountain but one. I know not a thing 

* Occupy ourfelves in. f Be vomited up with violent retching. 

1636.] LETTER LXXIL 187 

worth the buying but heaven ; and my own mind is, if comparifon 
were made betwixt Chrift and heaven, I would fell heaven with my 
blefling, and buy Chrifl:. O if I could raife the market for Chrift, 
and heighten the market a pound for a penny, and cry up Chrifl in 
men's eftimation ten thoufand talents more than men think of Him ! 
But they are fhaping Him, and crying Him down, and valuing Him 
at their unworthy halfpenny ; or elfe exchanging and bartering 
Chrifl with the miferable old fallen houfe of this vain world. Or 
then * they lend Him out upon interefl, and play the ufurers with 
Chrifl : becaufe they profefs Him, and give out before men that 
Chrifl is their treafure and flock ; and, in the mean time, praife of 
men, and a name, and eafe, and the fummer fun of the Gofjpel, is 
the ufury they would be at. So, when the trial cometh, they quit 
the flock for the interefl, and lofe all. Happy are they who can 
keep Chrifl by Himfelf alone, and keep Him clean and whole, till 
God come and count with them. I know (that) in your hard and 
heavy trials long fmce, ye thought well and highly of Chrift ; but, 
truly, no crofs fhould be old to us. We fhould not forget them 
becaufe years are come betwixt us and them, and cafl them byhandf 
as we do old clothes. We may make a crofs old in time, new in 
ufe, and as fruitful as in the beginning of it. God is where and 
what He was feven years ago, whatever change may be in us. I 
fpeak not this as if I thought ye had forgotten what God did, to 
have your love long fmce, but that ye may awake yourfelf in this 
fleepy age, and remember fruitfully of Chrifl's iirft wooing and 
luiting of your love, both with fire and water, and try if He got 
His anfwer, or if ye be yet to give Him it. For I find in myfelf, 
that water runneth not fafler through a fieve than our warnings 
flip from us ; for I have lofl and caflen byhands \ many fummons 
the Lord fent to me ; and therefore the Lord hath given me double 
charges, that I trufl in God fhall not rive me. J I blefs His great 
name, who is no niggard in holding-in croffes upon me, but fpend- 
eth largely His rods, that He may fave me from this perifhing 

* Or, if they did not do this. f Afide. % Rend in pieces. 

i88 LETTER LXXIIL [1636. 

world. How plentiful God is in means of this kind is efteemed by 
many one of God's unkind mercies ; but Chrifl's crofs is neither a 
cruel nor unkind mercy, but the love-token of a father. I am fure, 
a lover chafmg us for our well,* and to have our love, fhould not be 
run away from, or fled from. God fend me no worfe mercy than 
the fanftified crofs of Chrift portendeth, and I am fure I fhould be 
happy and bleffed. 

Pray for me, that I may find houfe-room in the Lord's houfe to 
fpeak in His name. Remember my deareft love in Chrifl: to your 
wife. Grace, grace be unto you. 

Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, ,, ^ 

Aberdeen, 1636. 

LXXIIL— r^ Earlston, Elder, 

** And they overcame the dragon by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word 
of their teftimony, and they loved not their lives unto the death." — Rev. 
xii. II. 



lUCH-HONOURED SIR,— Grace, mercy, and peace be 
to you. I long to fee you in paper, and to be refrefhed 
by you. I cannot but defire you, and charge you to 
help me to prail'e Him who feedeth a poor prifoner with the fatnefs 
of His houfe. O how weighty is His love ! O but there is much 
telling in Chrift's kindnefs ! The Amen, the Faithful and True Wit- 
nefs, hath paid me my hundred-fold, well told, and one to the hun- 
dred. I complained of Him, but He is owing me nothing now. 
Sir, I charge you to help me to praife His goodnefs, and to pro- 
claim to others my Bridegroom's kindnefs, whofe love is better than 
wine. I took up an a<fl:ion againfl Chrift, and broughtf a plea 

* Welfare, weal. 

t Entered into a controverfy. Old editions have ** bought," by a mis- 
print apparently. 

1636.] . LETTER LXXIIL 189 

againft His love, and libelled unkindnefs againft Chrifl: my Lord ; 
and I laid, "This is my death; He hath forgotten me." But my 
meek Lord held His peace, and beheld me, and would not contend 
lor the laft word of flyting ; * and now He hath chided Himfelf 
friends with me. And now I fee He muil: be God, and I muft be 
flefti. I pafs from my fummons ; \ I acknowledge He might have 
given me my fill of it, and never troubled Himfelf. But now He 
hath taken away the mafk ; I have been comforted ; He could not 
fmother His love any longer to a prifoner and a ftranger. God 
grant that I may never bring J a plea againft Chrifl again, but may 
keep good quarters with Him. I want here no kindnefs,§ no love- 
tokens ; but O wife is His love ! for, notwithftanding of this hot 
fummer-blink, I am kept low with the grief of my filence. For 
His word is in me as a fire in my bowels ; and I fee the Lord's 
vineyard laid wafle, and the heathen entered into the fan6tuary : and 
my belly is pained, and my foul in heavinefs, becaufe the Lord's 
people are gone into captivity, and becaufe of the fury of the Lord, 
and that wind (but neither to fan nor purge) which is coming upon 
apoflate Scotland. Alfo I am kept awake with the late wrong done 
to my brother ; but I trufl ye will counfel and comfort him. Yet, 
in this mift, I fee and believe the Lord will heal this halting kirk, 
" and will lay her flones with fair colours, and her foundations 
with fapphires, and will make her windows of agates, and her gates 
carbuncles." || " And for brafs He will bring gold." He hath 
created the fmith that formed the fword ; no weapon in war fhall 
profper againfl us. Let us be glad and rejoice in the Lord, for His 
falvation is near to come. Remember me to your wife and your 
fon John. And I entreat you to write to me. Grace, grace be 
with you. 

Yours in his only, only Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Dec, 30, 1636. 

* Chiding. f Do not enforce. 

X Enter into controverfy with. Old editions have *^ buy." 
§ I am not in want of. 11 Ifa. liv. 11, 12. 

ipo LETTER LXXIF. [1636. 

LXXIV. — To the Lady Culross. 

* ^ Thefe are they which came out of great tribulation, and have wafhed their 
robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb." — Rev. vii. 14. 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be multiplied upon 
you. I greatly long to be refrefhed with your letter. 
I am now (all honour and glory to the King eternal, 
immortal, and invifible !) in better terms with Chrift than I was. I, 
like a fool, iummoned my Hulband and Lord, and libelled unkindnefs 
againft Him ; but now I pafs from that foolifti purfuit ; I give over the 
plea. He is God, and I am man. I was loofmg a fafl* ilone, and 
digging at the ground-(tone,f the love of my Lord, to fhake and un- 
fettle it. But, God be thanked, it is fafl ; all is fure. In my prifon He 
hath fhown me daylight -, He dought J not hide His love any longer. 
Chrift was difguifed and mafked, and I apprehended it was not 
He, and He hath faid, *' It is I, be not afraid ;" and now His love 
is better than wine. O that all the virgins had part of the Bride- 
groom's love whereupon He maketh me to feed! Help me to 
praife. I charge you, Madam, help me to pay praifes ; and tell 
others, the daughters of Jerufalem, how kind Chrifl: is to a poor 
prifoner. He hath paid me my hundred-fold ; it is well told me, 
and one to the hundred. I am nothing behind with Chrift. Let 
not fools, becaufe of their lazy and foft flefh, raife a flander and an 
ill report upon the crofs of Chrifl. It is fweeter than fair. 

I fee grace groweth befl in winter. This poor perfecuted kirk, 
this lily amongfl the thorns, fhall bloflbm, and laugh upon the 
gardener ; the hufbandman's bleiling fhall light upon it. O if I 

* Firm. t Foundation-ftone. 

X Was not able. Dought is the paft tenfe of ** dow." 

1636.] LETTER LXXV. 191 

could be free of jealoufies* of Chrift, after this, and believe, and 
keep good quarters with my dearefl Hufband ! for He hath been 
kind to the ftranger. And yet in all this fair hot fummer weather, I 
am kept from laying, " It is good to be here," with my fdence, and 
with grief to fee my mother wounded and her veil taken from her, 
and the fair temple caften down. And my belly is pained, my foul 
is heavy for the captivity of the daughter of my people, and becaufe 
of the fury of the Lord, and His fierce indignation againfl apoftate 
.Scotland. I pray you, Madam, let me have that which is my prayer 
here, that my fufFerings may preach to the four quarters of this land ; 
and, therefore, tell others how open-handed Chrill hath been to the 
prifoner and the opprefTed flranger. Why fhould I conceal it ? 
I know no other way how to glorify Chrifl, but to make an open 
proclamation of His love, and of His foft and fweet kifTes to me in 
the furnace, and of His fidelity to fuch as fuffer for Him. Give it 
me under your hand, that ye will help me to pray and praife ; but 
rather to praife and rejoice in the falvation of God. Grace, grace 
be with you. 

Yours in his deareft and only, only Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Dec. 30, 1636. 

LXXV. — To John Kennedy, Bailie of Ayr. \ 

[John Kennedy was the fon of Hugh Kennedy, Provoft of Ayr. Hugh 
was an eminent Chriftian, and greatly inftrumental in promoting the caufe of 
religion in the place where he lived. To his religious charad:er, John Wellh, 
minifter of Ayr, bore this high teftimony in a letter written to him from France : 
'* Happy is that city, yea, happy is that nation that has a Hugh Kennedy in 
it. I have myfelf certainly found the anfwer of his prayers from the Lord in 
my behalf." On his death-bed, he was filled ^* with inexpreflible joy in the 
Holy Ghoft, beyond what it was poflible to comprehend." (Wodrow, in 
his Life of Boyd of Trochrig.) John, his fon, pofTefled much of the fpirit 

* Sufpicions. f Written ** BailifFe" in the old editions, as in Let. 68. 

192 LETTER LXXV. [1636. 

and charadter of his father. ^^ He was," fays Fleming (Fulfilling of the Scrip- 
tures), ** as choice a Chriftian as was at that time." The fame writer records 
a remarkable efcape from imminent peril at fea which Kennedy on one occafion 
experienced ; but whether it was the deliverance to which Rutherford refers in 
a fubfequent letter, it is now impoffible to afcertain. The cafe was fhortly 
this : John Stewart, Provoft of Ayr, another of Rutherford's correfpondents, 
who had gone to France, having loaded a fhip at Rochelle with various com- 
modities for Scotland, proceeded to England by the neareft way, and thence 
to Ayr. After waiting a confiderable time for the arrival of his veflel, he was 
told that it was captured by the Turks. This information, however, proved 
to be incorred, for it at length arrived in the roads ; upon hearing of which, • 
Kennedy, an intimate friend of Stewart, was fo overjoyed, that he went out to 
it in a fmall boat. But a ftorm fuddenly arifing, he was driven paft the veflel, 
and the general belief of the onlookers from the fhore was that he and his boat 
were fwallowed up ; yea, the ftorm increafed to fuch a degree of violence as to 
threaten even the fhipwTeck of the veflel. Deeply affedted at the apprehended 
lofs of his friend in fuch circumftances, Stewart fhut himfelf up in entire feclu- 
fion for three days ; but at laft having gone to vifit Kennedy's wife under her 
fuppofed painful bereavement, Kennedy, who had been driven far away to 
another part of the coaft, but who had reached the land in fafety, made his 
appearance, to the great joy of his afflid:ed family and friends. Kennedy was 
a member of the Scottifh Parliament in the years 1644-5-6, for the burgh of 
Ayr; and is ftyled in the roll, ** John Kennedy, Provoft of Ayr." He was 
alfo a member of the General AflTemblies of 1642-3-4-6 and 7, and his name 
appears among the ruling elders in the commiflion for the public affairs of the 
kirk in all thefe years. His brother Hugh (alfo an elder of the Church) was 
frequently a member of the General Aflembly, and, as we learn from Baillies 
Letters y had an active fliare in the proceedings of the Covenanters during the 
reign of Charles I. There are lineal defcendants of this family in Ayr at this 
day : one of them, like his anceftor, was lately Provoft of the town.] 


and peace be to you. I long to fee you in this northern 
world on paper ; I know it is not forgetful nefs that ye 
write not. I am every way in good cafe, both in foul and body ; 
all honour and glory be to my Lord. I want nothing but a further 
revelation of the beauty of the unknown Son of God. Either I 

1637.] LETTER LXXV, 193 

know not what Chriftianity is, or we have ftinted a mealure of ib 
many ounce weights, and no more, upon holinefs ; and there we are 
at a ftand, drawing our breath all our life. A moderation in God's 
way now is much in requeft. I profefs that I have never taken 
pains to find out Him whom my foul loveth ; there is a gate* yet of 
finding out Chrifi that I have never lighted upon. Oh, if I could find 
it out ! Alas, how foon are we pleafed with our own fhadow in a 
glafs ! It were good to be beginning in fadf earneft to find out 
God, and to feek the right tread of Chrift. Time, cuftom, and a 
good opinion of ourfelves, our good meaning, and our lazy defires, 
our fair (hows, and the world's gliftering luflres, and thefe broad 
pafTmentsJ and bufldngs§ of religion, that bear bulk in the kirk, is 
that wherewith mofi: fatisfy themfelves. But a bed watered with 
tears, a throat dry with praying, eyes as a fountain of tears for the 
fins of the land, are rare to be found among us. Oh if we could 
know the power of godlinefs ! 

This is one part of my cafe ; and another is, that I, like a fool, 
once fummoned Chrift for unkindnefs, and complained of His fickle- 
nefs and inconfi:ancy, becaufe He would have no more of my fervice 
nor preaching, and had caften me out of the inheritance of the Lord. 
And now I confefs that this was but a bought plea, || and I was a fool. 
Yet He hath borne with me. I gave Him a fair advantage againft 
me, but love and mercy would not let Him take it ; and the truth 
is, now He hath chided Himfelf friends with me, and hath taken 
away the mafk, and hath renewed His wonted favour in fuch a 
manner that He hath paid me my hundred-fold in this life, and one 
to the hundred. This prifon is my banquefing-houfe ; I am handled 
as softly and delicately as a dawtedf child. I am nothing behind 
(I fee) with Chrift ; He can, in a month, make up a year's lofles. 
And I write this to you, that I may entreat, nay, adjure and charge 
you, by the love of our Well-beloved, to help me to praiie ; and to 

* A^^ay, or manner, f Settled. % Ornaments of lace, fewed on garments. 
§ Deckings. || Got up ; not properly what I had to complain of. 

^ Much fondled J or doted upon. 
VOL. 1. N 

194 LETTER LXXVL [1637. 

tell all your Chriftian acquaintance to help me, for I am as deeply 
drowned in His debt as any dyvour* can be. And yet in this fair 
fun-blink I have fomething to keep me from flartling,-]- or being 
exalted above meafure; His word is as fire fhut up in my bowels, 
and I am weary with forbearing. The miniflers in this town are 
laying that they will have my prifon changed into lefs bounds, be- 
caufe they fee God with me. My mother hath borne me a man of 
contention, one that ftriveth with the whole earth. The late wrongs 
and oppreiTions done to my brother keep my fails low ; yet I defy 
crofles to embark me in fuch a plea againft Chrift as I was troubled 
with of late. I hope to over-hope and over-believe my troubles. I 
have caufe now to trufl: Chrift's promife more than His gloom.J 

Remember my hearty affeftion to your wife. My foul is grieved 
for the fuccefs of our brethren's journey to New England -, but 
God hath fomewhat to reveal that we fee not. Grace be with you. 
Pray for the prifoner. 

Yours, in his only Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Jan. i, 1637. 

LXXVL — To Robert Gordon of Knockbrex. 


Y DEAR BROTHER,— Grace, mercy, and peace be 
multiplied upon you. — I am almoft wearying, yea, won- 
dering, that ye write not to me : though I know it is 
not forgetfulnefs. 

As for myfelf, I am every way well, all glory to God. I was 
before at a plea with Chrifl (but it was brought § by me, and un- 
lawful), becaufe His whole providence was not yea and nay to my 
yea and nay, and becaufe I believed Chrifl's outward look better 

* Bankrupt ; or rather, debtor. t Running wild, in high excitement. 
X Frown. § Got up. 

1637.] LETTER LXXVL 195 

than His faithful promife. Yet He hath in patience waited on, 
whill* I be come to myfelf, and hath not taken advantage of my 
weak apprehenfions of His goodnefs. Great and holy is His name ! 
He looketh to what I defire to be, and not to what I am. One 
thing I have learned. If I had been in Chrift, by way of adhefion 
only, as many branches are, I fhould have been burnt to afhes, and 
this world would have feen a fuffering minifter of Chriil: (of fomething 
once in fhow) turned into unfavoury fait. But my Lord Jefus had 
a good eye that the tempter fhould not play foul play, and blow 
out Chrifl's candle. He took no thought of my flomach, and fret- 
ting and grudging humour, but of His own grace. When He burnt 
the houfe. He faved His own goods. And I believe that the devil 
and the perfecuting world fhall reap no fruit of me, but burnt afhes : 
for He will fee to His own gold, and fave that from being confumed 
with the fire. 

Oh what owe I to the file, to the hammer, to the furnace of 
my Lord Jefus ! who hath now let me fee how good the wheat of 
Chrift is, that goeth through His mill, and His oven, to be made 
bread for His own table. Grace tried is better than grace, and it 
is more than grace ; it is glory in its infancy. I now fee that godli- 
nefs is more than the outfide, and this world's pafTments and their 
bufldngs.f Who knoweth the truth of grace without a trial ? Oh 
how little getteth Chrifl of us, but that which He winneth (to fpeak 
fo) with much toil and pains ! And how foon would faith freeze 
without a crofs ! How many dumb croffes have been laid upon 
my back, that had never a tongue to fpeak the fweetnefs of Chrift, 
as this hath ! When Chrift bleffeth His own croffes with a tongue, 
they breathe out Chrift's love, wifdom, kindnefs, and care of us. 
Why fhould I ftart at the plough of my Lord, that maketh deep 
furrows on my foul ? I know that He is no idle Hufbandman, He 
purpofeth a crop. O that this white, withered lea-ground J were 
made fertile to bear a crop for Him, by whom it is fo painfully 
drefTed ; and that this fallow-ground were broken up ! Why was 

* Till. t See lafl letter. % Land left in grafs, not tilled. 

196 LETTER LXXVL [1637. 

I (a fool !) grieved that He put His garland and His roie upon my 
head — the glory and honour of His faithful witnefles ? I defire 
now to make no more pleas* with Chrift. Verily He hath not 
put me to a lofs by what I fufFer ; He oweth me nothing ; for in 
my bonds how fweet and comfortable have the thoughts of Him 
been to me, wherein I find a fufficient recompenfe of reward ! 

How blind are my adverfaries, who fent me to a banqueting- 
houfe, to a houfe of wine, to the lovely feafts of my lovely Lord 
Jefus, and not to a prifon, or place of exile ! Why fhould I 
fmother my Hufband's honefty, or fm againft His love, or be a 
niggard in giving out to others what I get for nothing ? Brother, 
eat with me, and give thanks. I charge you before God, that ye 
fpeak to others, and invite them to help me to praife ! Oh, my 
debt of praife, how weighty it is, and how far run up ! O that 
others would lend me to pay, and learn me to praife ! Oh, I am a 
drowned dyvour !f Lord Jefus, take my thoughts for payments. 
Yet I am in this hot fummer-blink with the tear in my eye ; for 
(by reafon of my fdence) forrow, forrow hath filled me ; my harp 
is hanged upon the willow-trees, becaufe I am in a ftrange land. I 
am flill kept in exercife with envious brethren ; my mother hath 
borne me a man of contention. 

Write to me your mind anent Y. C. : I cannot forget him ; 1 
know not what God hath to do with him : — and your mind anent 
my parifhioners' behaviour, and how they are ferved in preaching ; 
or if there be a minifter as yet thrufl in upon them, which I defire 
greatly to know, and which I much fear. 

Dear brother, ye are in my heart, to live and to die with you. 
Vifit me with a letter. Pray for me. Remember my love to your 
wife. Grace, grace be with you ; and God, who heareth prayer, 
vifit you, and let it be unto you according to the prayers of 
Your own brodier, and Chrifl's prifoner, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Jan* i, 1637. 

* Controverfies. t Debtor. 


LXXVIL— r© my Lady Boyd. 

[Lady Boyu, whofe maiden name was Chriftian Hamilton, was the 
eldeft daughter of Thomas, firft Earl of Haddington. She was firft married 
to Robert, ninth Lord Lindfay of Byres, who died in 1616. To him fhe had 
a fon, John, tenth Lord Lindfay of Byres, and a daughter, Helen, married to 
Sir William Scott of Ardrofs. {Douglas' Peerage^ vol. i.) She married for her 
fecond hufband, Robert, fixth Lord Boyd, who died in Auguft 1628. To 
him flie had feveral children. Lady Boyd was diftinguifhed for piety, and a 
zealous Prefbyterian. Livingftone gives her a place among ^ ^ fome of the 
profeflbrs in the Church of Scotland of his acquaintance, who were eminent for 
grace and gifts," eulogizes her as *^ a rare pattern of Chriftianity, grave, dili- 
gent, and prudent;" and adds, '^ She ufed every night to write what had been 
the cafe of her foul all the day, and what fhe had obferved of the Lord's deal- 
ing." In his Life he fpeaks of refiding for fome time, during the courfe of his 
miniftry, in the houfe of Kilmarnock, with ^* the worthy Lady Boyd."] 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be unto you. The 
Lord hath brought me to Aberdeen, where I fee God 
in few. This town hath been advifed upon of purpofe 
for me ; it confifteth either of Papifls, or men of Gallio's naughty* 
faith. It is counted wifdom in the moft, not to countenance a con- 
fined minifler ; but I find Chrifl neither ftrange nor unkind ; for I 
have found many faces fmile upon me fmce I came hither. I am 
heavy and fad, confidering what is betwixt the Lord and my foul, 
which none feeth but He. I find men have miflaken me ; it would 
be no art (as I now fee) to fpin fmall,f and make hypocrify a 
goodly web, and to go through the market as a faint among men, 
and yet fteal quietly to hell, without obfervation : fo eafy is it to 
deceive men. I have difputed whether or no I ever knew anything 
of Chriftianity, fave the letters of that name. Men fee but as men, 
and they call ten twenty, and twenty an hundred ; but O ! to be 

* Vile. t Spin fine. 

198 LETTER LXXVIL [1637. 

approved of Gk)d in the heart and in iincerity is not an ordinary 
mercy. My negle^ls while I had a pulpit, and other things where- 
of I am afhamed to ipeak, meet me now, fo as God maketh an 
honefl crofs my daily forrow. And, for fear of fcandal and tum- 
bling, I muft hide this day of the law's pleading : I know not if 
this court kept within my foul be fenced* in Chrift's name. If 
certainty of falvation were to be bought, God knoweth, if I had ten 
earths, I would not prigf with God. Like a fool, I believed, 
under fufFering for Chrifl, that I myfelf fhould keep the key of 
Chrifl's treafures, and take out comforts when I Med, and eat and 
be fat : but I fee now a fufFerer for Chrifl will be made to know 
himfelf, and will be holden at the door as well as another poor 
finner, and will be fain to eat with the bairns, and to take the by- 
board,J and glad to do fo. My bleiTmg on the crofs of Chrifl that 
hath made me fee this ! Oh ! if we could take pains for the king- 
dom of heaven ! But we fit down upon fome ordinary marks of 
God's children, thinking we have as much as will feparate us from 
a leprobate ; and thereupon we take the play and cry, " Holy day !" 
and thus the devil cafleth water on our fire, and blunteth our zeal 
and care. But I fee heaven is not at the door ; and I fee, howbeit 
my challenges § be many, I fufFer for Chrift, and dare hazard my 
falvation upon it ; for fometimes my Lord cometh with a fair hour, 
and O ! but His love be fweet, delightful, and comfortable. Half 
a kifs is fweet ; but our doting love will not be content with a 
right to Chrifl, unlefs we get poffeilion ; like the man who will not 
be content with rights j] to bought land, except he get alfo the 
ridges and acres laid upon his back to carry home with him. How- 
ever it be, Cbrifl is wife ; and we are fools, to be browden f and 
fond of a pawn in the loof of our hand.** Living on truft by faith 
may well content us. Madam, I know your Ladyfhip knoweth 
this, and that made me bold to write of it, that others might reap 

* Conftituted by proclaiming its authority. t Higgle. 

t Sit at the fide-table with the children. § Self-upbraidings. 

II Title-deeds. ^ Eagerly and childifhly defirous. ** Palm of the hand. 

1637.] LETTER LXXVIIL 199 

Ibmewhat by my bonds for the truth ; for I fhould defire, and I 
aim at this, to have my Lord well fpoken of and honoured, how- 
beit He fhould make nothing of me but a bridge over a water. 
Thus, recommending your Ladyfhip, your fon, and children to 
His grace, who hath honoured you with a name and room among 
the living in Jerufalem, and wiihing grace to be with your Lady- 
fhip, I reff , 

Your Ladyfhip's in his fweeteft Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 


LXXVIIL— r^ my Lord Boyd. 

[Robert, feveiith Lord Boyd, the nobleman to whom this letter is 
addrefTed, was the only fon of Robert, lixth Lord Boyd, by Lady Chriftian 
Hamilton, juft now noticed. His father (who w^as coulin of the famous 
Robert Boyd of Trochrig, two miles from Girvan, under whom he ftudied 
at Saumur) died in Auguft 1628, at the early age of 33. Young Robert was 
ferved heir to his father the 9th of May 1629. His earthly courfe was, how- 
ever, brief; for he died of a fever on the 17th of November 1640, aged about 
24. He was married to Lady Anne Fleming, fecond daughter of John, 
fecond Earl of Wigtown, but their union was without iflue. Lord Boyd 
warmly efpoufed the fide of the Covenanters ; and, though not a member of 
the General AfTembly held at Glafgow in 1638, he attended its meetings and 
took a deep interefl in its proceedings. Rutherford affectionately commends 
and flimulates his early zeal in behalf of the liberties of the Church.] 



Grace, mercy, and peace be to your Lordfhip. Out 
of the worthy report that I hear of your Lordfhip's 
zeal for this borne-down and opprefTed Gofpel, I am bold to write 
to your Lordfhip, befeeching you by the mercies of God, by the 
honour of our royal and princely King Jefus, by the forrows, tears, 
and defolation of your aifli6led mother-Church, and by the peace of 
your confcience, and your joy in the day of Chriil, that your Lord- 
fhip would go on, in the flrength of your Lord, and in the power 
of His might, to beftir yourfelf, for the vindicating of the fallen 

200 LETTER LXXVIIL [1637. 

honour of your Lord Jellis. Oh, blelTed hands for evermore, that 
fhall help to put the crown upon the head of Chrift again in Scot- 
land ! I dare promife, in the name of our Lord, that this will fallen 
and fix the pillars and the ftakes of your honourable houfe upon 
earth, if you lend and lay in pledge in Chrift's hand, upon fpiritual 
hazard, life, eftate, houfe, honour, credit, moyen,* friends, the 
favour of men (fuppofe kings with three crowns), fo being that ye 
may bear witnefs, and acquit yourfelf as a man of valour and courage 
to the Prince of your falvation, for the purging of His temple, and 
fweeping out the lordly Diotrephefes, time-courting Demafes, corrupt 
Hymeneufes and Philetufes, and other fuch oxen, that with their 
dung defile the temple of the Lord. Is not Chrift now crying, 
"Who will help Me? who will come out with Me, to take part 
with Me, and fhare in the honour of My viftory over thefe Mine 
enemies, who have faid, We will not have this man to rule over us ?" 
My very honourable and dear Lord, join, join (as ye do) with 
Chrift. He is more worth to you and your pofterity than this 
world's May-flowers, and withering riches and honour, that fhall 
go away as fmoke, and evanifh in a night vifion, and fhall, in one 
half-hour after the blaft of the archangel's trumpet, lie in white 
afties. Let me befeech your Lordfhip to draw by the lapf of time's 
curtain, and to look in through the window to great and endlel's 
eternity, and confider, if a worldly price (fuppofe this little round 
clay globe of this afhy and dirty earth, the dying idol of the fools 
of this world, were all your own) can be given for one fmile of 
Chrift's God-like and foul-ravifhing countenance. In that day when 
\o many joints and knees of thoufand thoufands wailing ftiall ftand 
before Chrifl: , trembling, fhouting, and making their prayers to hills 
and mountains to fall upon them, and hide them from the face of 
the Lamb, oh, how many would fell lordfhips and kingdoms that 
day, and buy Chrift ! But, oh, the market fhall be clofed and 
ended ere then ! Your Lordfhip hath now a bleffed venture of 
winning court with the Prince of the kings of the earth. He Him- 

Intcrcft. t Draw afide the loofe fold. 

1637.] LETTER LXXIX. 20 r 

lelf weeping ; truth borne down and fallen in the llreets, and an 
opprefFed Goipel ; Chrift's bride with watery eyes and Ipoiled of her 
veil, her hair hanging about her eyes, forced to go in ragged ap- 
parel ; the banifhed, alienated, and imprifoned prophets of God, 
who have not the favour of liberty to prophefy in fackcloth, all 
thele, I fay, call for your help. Fear not worms of clay ; the moth 
ihall eat them as a garment. Let the Lord be your fear ; He is 
with you, and fhall fight for you ; and ye fhall make the heart of 
this your mother-Church to fmg for joy. The Lamb and His armies 
are with you, and the kingdoms of the earth are the Lord's. I am 
perfuaded that there is not another gofpel, nor another faving truth, 
than that which ye now contend for. I dare hazard my heaven 
and falvation upon it, that this is the only faving way to glory. 

Grace, grace, be with your Lordfhip. 

Your Lordfhip's at all refpeftful obedience in Chriff, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

LXXIX. — To Margaret Ballantyne. 

[Probably this perfon was one of his Anwoth parifhioners.] 


ISTRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be unto you. — It 
is more than time that I fhould have written to you ; 
but it is yet good time, if I could help your foul to mend 
your pace, and to go more fwiftly to your heavenly country. For 
truly ye have need to make all haif e, becaufe the inch of your day 
that remaineth will quickly flip away ; for whether we fleep or 
wake, our glafs runneth. The tide bideth no man. Beware of a 
beguile in the matter of your falvation. Woe, woe for evermore, 
to them that lofe that prize. For what is behind, when the foul is 
once lofl, but that fmners warm their bits of clay houfes at a fire 
of their own kindling, for a day or two (which doth rather fuffocate 
with its fmoke than warm them) ; and at length they lie down in 

202 LETTER LXXIX. [1637. 

forrow, and are clothed with everlafting fhame ! I would feek no 
further meafure of faith to begin withal than to believe really and 
fledfaflly the doctrine of God's juftice, His all-devouring wrath, 
and everlafting burning, where finners are burnt, foul and body, 
in a river and great lake of fire and brimflone. Then they would 
wifh no more goods than the thoufandth part of a cold fountain- 
well to cool their tongues. They would then buy death with endur- 
ing of pain and torment for as many years as God hath created 
drops of rain fmce the creation. But there is no market of buying 
or felling life or death there. Oh, alas ! the greatefi: part of this 
world run to the place of that torment rejoicing and dancing, eating, 
drinking, and fleeping. My counfel to you is, that ye ftart in time 
to be after Chrift -, for if ye go quickly, Chrift is not far before 
you ; ye ihall overtake Him. O Lord God, what is fo needful as 
this, "Salvation, falvation !" Fy upon this condemned and foolifh 
world, that would give fo little for falvation ! Oh, if there were 
a free market for falvation proclaimed in that day when the trumpet 
of God ihall awake the dead, how many buyers would be then ! 
God fend me no more happinefs than that fdvation which the 
blind world, to their eternal woe, letteth flip through their fingers. 
Therefore, look if ye can give out your money (as Ifaiah fpeaketh*) 
for bread, and lay Chrift and His blood in wadfetf for heaven. It is 
a dry and hungry bairn's part of goods that Efaus are hunting for 
here. I fee thoufands following the chafe, and in the purfuit of 
fuch things, while in the meantime they lofe the bleffing ; and, when 
all is done, they have caught nothing to roafl: for fupper, but lie 
down hungry. And, befides, they go to bed, when they die, with- 
out a candle ; for God faith to them, " This ye fhall have at My 
hand, ye fhall lie down in forrow." J And truly this is as ill-made 
a bed to lie upon as one could wifh ; for he cannot fleep foundly, 
nor refl fweetly, who hath Ibrrow for his pillow. Roufe, roufe 
up, therefore, your foul, and fpeer§ how Chrift and your foul met 
together. I am fure that they never got Chrift, who were not once 

* Ifa. Iv. 2. t Mortgaged, pledged. % Ifa. 1. 11. § Alk. 

1637.J LETTER LXXIX. 203 

fick at the yolk of the heart for Him. Too, too many whole fouls 
think that they have met with Chriil, who had never a wearied 
night for the want of Him : but, alas ! what richer are men, that 
they dreamed the lafl night they had much gold, and, when they 
awoke in the morning, they found it was but a dream ? What 
are all the fmners in the world, in that day when heaven and earth 
fhall go up in a flame of fire, but a number of beguiled dreamers ? 
Every one fhall fay of his hunting and his conquefl,* " Behold, it was 
a dream ! " Every man in that day will tell his dream. I befeech 
you, in the Lord Jefus, beware, beware of unfound work in the 
matter of your falvation : ye may not, ye cannot, ye dow not want 
ChrLfl:. Then, after this day, convene all your lovers before your 
foul, and give them their leave ; and flrike hands with Chrlfl:, that 
thereafter there may be no happinefs to you but Chrift, no hunting 
for anything but Chrifl, no bed at night, when death cometh, but 
Chrift. Chrift, Chrift, who but Chrift ! I know this much of 
Chrift, that He is not ill to be found, nor lordly of His love. Woe 
had been my part of it for evermore, if Chrift had made a dainty of 
Himfelf to me. But, God be thanked, I gave nothing for Chrift. 
And now I proteft before men and angels that Chrift cannot be 
exchanged, that Chrift cannot be fold, that Chrift cannot be weighed. 
Where would angels, or all the world, find a balance to weigh Him 
in ? All lovers blufti when ye ftand befide Chrift ! Woe upon 
all love but the love of Chrift ! Hunger, hunger for evermore be 
upon all heaven but Chrift ! Shame, fhame for evermore be upon 
all glory but Chrift's glory. I cry death, death upon all lives but 
the life of Chrift. Oh, what is it that holdeth us afunder ? O 
that once we could have a fair meeting ! 

Thus recommending Chrift to you and you to Him, for ever- 
more, I reft. Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

* Acquiiition ; what he has won. 

204 LETTER LXXX. [1637. 

LXXX. — For Marion M^Naught. 



Y DEARLY BELOVED SISTER,— Grace, mercy, and 
peace be to you. I complain that Galloway is not 
kind to me in paper. I have received no letters thefe 
fixteen weeks but two. I am well. My prifon is a palace to me, 
and Chrifl's banqueting-houfe. My Lord Jefus is as kind as they 
call Him. O that all Scotland knew my cafe, and had part of my 
feaft ! I charge you in the name of God, I charge you to believe. 
Fear not the fons of men ; the worms fhall eat them. To pray and 
believe now, when Chrift feems to give you a nay-fay,* is more than 
it was before. Die believing; die, and Chrift's promife in your 
hand. I defire, I requefl, I charge your hufband and that town,f to 
ftand for the truth of the Gofpel. Contend with Chrift's enemies ; 
and I pray you fhow all profefTors (whom) you know my cafe. 
Help me to praife. The miniflers here envy me ; they will have 
my prifon changed. My mother hath born me a man of contention, 
and one that ftriveth with the whole earth. Remember my love 
to your hufband. Grace be with you. 

Yours in the Lord, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Jan. 3, 1637. 

LXXXI.—To Mr John Meine {Jim.) 

[Mr John Meine was the fon of John Meine, merchant in Edinburgh, 
*^ a folid and ftedfaft profeflbr of the truth of God." His mother was Bar- 
bara Hamilton, a notice of whom fee at Let. 313. He was now, it wouki 
appear from an allufion in the clofe of this letter, a ftudent of theology, with 
a view to the holy miniftry.] 

* A denial. t Kirkcudbright. 

637.] LETTER LXXXI. 205 


and peace be to you. I have been too long in anfwer- 
ing your letter, but other bufinefs took me up. I am 
here waiting, if the fair wind will turn upon Chrift's fails in Scot- 
land, and if deliverance be breaking out to this overclouded and be- 
nighted kirk. O that we could contend, by prayers and fupplica- 
tions, with our Lord for that efPeft ! I know that He hath not 
^ven out His lail: doom againft this land. I have little of Chrifl:, 
in this prifon, but groanings, and longings, and defires. All my 
ftock of Chrifl is fome hunger for Him, and yet I cannot fay but I 
am rich in that. My faith, and hope, and holy practice of new obe- 
dience, are fcarce worth the fpeaking of. But blefTed be my Lord, 
who taketh me, light, and clipped, and naughty,* and fecklefsf as 
I am. I fee that Chrifl will not prigf with me, nor ftand upon 
ftepping-ftones ; § but cometh in at the broadfide || without cere- 
monies, or making it nice,5[ to make a poor, ranfomed one His own. 
O that I could feed upon His breathing, and kifling, and embracing, 
and upon the hopes of my meeting and His ! when love-letters fhall 
not go betwixt us, but He will be mefTenger Himfelf ! But there is 
required patience on our part, till the fummer-fruit in heaven be 
ripe for us. It is in the bud ; but there be many things to do before 
our harvefl come. And we take ill with it, and can hardly endure to 
fet our paper-face to one of Chrifl's florms, and to go to heaven 
with wet feet, and pain, and for row. We love to carry a heaven 
to heaven with us, and would have two fummers in one year, and 
no lefs than two heavens. But this will not do for us : one (and 
fuch a one!) may fuffice us well enough. The man, Chrifl, got but 
one only, and fhall we have two ? 

* Of little value, like dipt coin; and worth naught. 

t Pithlefs, unfubftantial. % Chaflcr, higgle. 

§ Require help of ftepping-ftones. || All at once, frankly. 

^ Being ill to pleafe. 

2o6 LETTER LXXXIL [1637. 

Remember my love in Chrift to your father ; and help me with 
your prayers. If ye would be a deep divine, I recommend to you 
fanftification. Fear Him, and He will reveal His covenant to you. 
Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Jan. 5, 1637. 

LXXXIL — To John Gordon of Cardonefs^ Elder. 

[John Gordon of Cardonefs, in the parifli of Anwoth, was defcended 
from Gordon of Lochinvar; but the degree of his defcent cannot now be afcer- 
tained, and little is known concerning him. His name appears the firft of 188 
signatures attached to an unfuccefsful petition of the elders and pariihioners of 
Anwoth, prefented to the Commiflion of the General Aflembly 1638, for 
Rutherford being continued minifter of that parifh, when counter applications 
were made by the city of Edinburgh and the Univerfity of St Andrews for the 
transference of his fervices. From Rutherford's letters to him, we learn that 
he was at this time far advanced in life. He was naturally a man of ftrong 
paffions, by which it would appear he had, in the previous part of his life, 
been led aftray. 

The old caftle oi Cardonefs Hands on a tongue of land, at the mouth of the 
river Fleet, about a mile from Gatehoufe. It is built on a rocky height, over- 
hanging the public road, and looking toward the bay. You fee an old fquare- 
built tower, or fortalice, railing its grey head from among the tall trees that now 
furround it. Tradition tells of an old proprietor, in league with Graeme, the 
Border outlaw, and how, in confequence of his daring and God-def)^ing 
deeds, the chief and his whole family perifhed in the Black Loch, in the parifh 
of Anwoth. Though not a defcendant, John Gordon feems to have been a 
man of like ftrong paffions with that old chieftain, till fubdued by grace.] 


^UCH HONOURED SIR,— Grace, mercy, and peace 
be to you. — I have longed to hear from you, and to 
know the eftate of your foul, and the eflate of that 

people with you. 

I befeech you, Sir, by the falvation of your precious foul, and 

1637.] LETTER LXXXIL 207 

the mercies of God, to make good and fure work of your falvation, 
and try upon what ground-ftone* ye have builded. Worthy and 
dear Sir, if ye be upon finking fand, a ilorm of death, and a blaft, 
will loofe Chrifi: and you, and wafli you clofe ofFf the rock. Oh, 
for the Lord's fake, look narrowly to the work ! 

Read over your life, with the light of God's day-light and fun ; 
for falvation is not caflen down at every man's door. It is good to 
look to your compafs, and all ye have need of, ere you take (hip- 
ping ; for no wind can blow you back again. Remember, when 
the race is ended, and the play either won or loft, and ye are in the 
utmoft circle and border of time, and fhall put your foot within the 
march J of eternity, and all your good things of this Ihort night- 
dream fhall feem to you like the afhes of a bleeze§ of thorns or 
ftraw, and your poor foul fhall be crying, " Lodging, lodging, for 
God's fake ! " then fhall your foul be more glad at one of your 
Lord's lovely and homely fmiles, than if ye had the charters of 
three worlds for all eternity. Let pleafures and gain, will and 
defires of this world, be put over into God's hands, as arrefted and 
fenced II goods that ye cannot intromit^ with. Now, when ye are 
drinking the grounds of your cup, and ye are upon the utmoft end 
of the laft link of time, and old age, like death's long fhadow, is 
cafting a covering upon your days, it is no time to court this vain 
life, and to fet love and heart upon it. It is near after-fupper ;** 
feek reft and eafe for your foul in God through Chrift. 

Believe me, that I find it to be hard wreftling to play fair with 
Chrift, and to keep good quarters with Him, and to love Him in 
integrity and life, and to keep a conftant courfe of found and folid 
daily communion with Chrift. Temptations are daily breaking the 
thread of that courfe, and it is not eafy to caft a knot again ; and 
many knots make evil work. Oh, how fair have many fhips.been 
plying before the wind, that, in an hour's fpace, have been lying in 

* Foundation. f Completely off. % Border. 

§ Sudden blazing, flame. || Guarded. If Meddle with. 

** The time between fupper and bedtime ; the very lateft part of the day. 

2o8 LETTER LXXXIL [1637. 

the fea-bottom ! How many profeflbrs caft a golden luftre, as if 
they were pure gold, and yet are, under that fldn and cover, but 
bafe and reprobate metal ? And how many keep breath in their 
race many miles, and yet come fhort of the prize and the garland ! 
Dear Sir, my foul would mourn in fecret for you, if I knew your 
cafe with God to be but falfe work. Love to have you anchored 
upon Chrift maketh me fear your tottering and flips. Falfe under- 
water, * not feen in the ground of an enlightened confcience, is 
dangerous ; fo is often falling, and finning againfl light. Know 
this, that thofe who never had fick nights or days in confcience for 
fin, cannot have but fuch a peace with God as will undercoat,f and 
break the flefh again, and end in a fad war at death. O how 
fearfully are thoufands beguiled with falfe hide,J grown over old 
fins, as if the foul were cured and healed ! 

Dear Sir, I always faw nature mighty, lofty, heady, and flrong 
in you ; and that it was more for you to be mortified and dead to 
the world, than for another common man. Ye will take a low ebb, 
and a deep cut, and a long lance, to go to the bottom of your 
wounds in faving humiliation, to make you a won prey for Chrift. 
Be humbled ; walk foftly. Down, down, for God's sake, my dear 
and worthy brother, with your topfail. Stoop, ftoop ! it is a low 
entry to go in at heaven's gate. There is infinite juflice in the party 
ye have to do with ; it is His nature not to acquit the guilty and the 
finner. The law of God will not want one farthing of the finner. 
God forgetteth not both the cautioner and the finner ; and every 
man mufi: pay, either in his own perfon (oh ! Lord fave you from 
that payment !), or in his cautioner § Chrift. It is violence to corrupt 
nature for a man to be holy, to lie down under Chrift's feet, to quit 
will, pleafure, worldly love, earthly hope, and an itching of heart 
after this farded |1 and over-gilded world, and to be content that Chrift 
trample upon all. Come in, come in to Chrifi:, and fee what ye want, 
and find it in Him. He is the fiiort cut (as we ufed to fay), and the 

* Bilge-water. t Fefter, after being fkinned over. 

I Falfe Ik'n. § Surety. || Painted. 

1637.] LETTER LXXXII. 209 

neareft way to an outgate* of all your burdens. I dare avouch 
that ye fhall be dearly welcome to Him ; my foul would be glad to 
take part of the joy ye fhould have in Him. I dare lay that angels' 
pens, angels' tongues, nay, as many worlds of angels as there are 
drops of water in all the feas, and fountains, and rivers of the earth, 
cannot paint Him out to you. I think His fweetnefs, fmce I was a 
prifoner, hath fwelled upon me to the greatnefs of two heavens. 
Oh for a foul as wide as the utmoft circle of the highefl: heaven 
that containeth all, to contain His love ! And yet I could hold little 
of it. O world's wonder ! Oh, if my foul might but lie within 
the fmell of His love, fuppofe I could get no more but the fmell of 
it! Oh, but it is long to that day when I fhall have a free world of 
Chrift's love ! Oh, what a fight to be up in heaven, in that fair 
orchard of the new paradife ; and to fee, and fmell, and touch, and 
kifs, that fair Field-flower, that ever-green Tree of Life ! His bare 
fhadow were enough for me ; a fight of Him would be the earneft 
of heaven to me. Fy, fy upon us ! that we have love lying rufting 
befide us, or, which is worfe, wafting upon fome loathfbme obje<fbs, 
and that Chrifl fhould lie His lone.f Wo, wo is me ! that fin hath 
made fo many madmen, feeking the fool's paradife, fire under ice, 
and fome good and defirable things, without and apart from, Chrifl. 
Chriil, Chrifl, nothing but Chrift, can cool our love's burning lan- 
guor. O thirfl:y love ! wilt thou fet Chrifl, the well of life, to thy 
head, and drink thy fill ? Drink, and fpare not ; drink love, and 
be drunken with Chrift ! Nay, alas ! the diftance betwixt us and 
Chrift is a death. Oh if we were clafped in other's J arms ! We 
fhould never twin§ again, except heaven twinned and fundered us; 
and that cannot be. 

I defire your children to feek this Lord. Defire them from me, 
to be requeued, for Chrifl's sake, to be bleffed and happy, and to 
come and take Chrifl, and all things with Him. Let them beware 
of glaffy and flippery youth, of foolifh young notions, of worldly 

* Outlet, efcape from. f Alone, and no one of us befide Him. 

X Each other's. § Separate, be parted. 



lufts, of deceivable gain, of wicked company, of curfing, lying, blas- 
pheming, and foolifh talking. Let them be filled with the Spirit ; 
acquaint themfelves with daily praying ; and with the flore-houfe of 
wifdom and comfort, the good word of God. Help the fouls of 
the poor people. O that my Lord would bring me again among 
them, that I might tell unco* and great tales of Chrift to them ! 
Receive not a ftranger to preach any other doftrine to them. 

Pray for me. His prifoner of hope. I pray for you without 
ceafing. I write my bleiTmg, earnefl prayers, the love of God, and 
the fweet prefence of Chrifl to you, and yours, and them. Grace, 
grace, grace be with you. 

Your lawful and loving paftor, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

LXXXin. — To the Earl of Lothian. 

[William, third Earl of Lothian, to whom this letter is addrefled, 
was the eldeft fon of Robert, firft Earl of Ancrum ; and he acquired the title 
of Earl of Lothian by his marriage with Anne Ker, Countefs of Lothian, the 
eldeft daughter of Robert, fecond Earl of Lothian, to whofe eftates and titles 
fhe fucceeded at his death in 1624. When the differences betwixt the King and 
his Scottifh fubjeds arofe in 1638, in confequence of the attempt of the former 
to impofe on the latter the Anglo-Popifh Liturgy or Service Book, and other 
innovations, this nobleman manifefted great zeal for the Covenant. He was 
a member of the General Aflembly which met at Glafgow that year, as elder 
for the Prefbytery of Dalkeith. Hoftilities having again commenced in 1640, 
his Lordfhip was in the Scottifh army that invaded England, defeated the 
Royalifts at Newbum, and took pofleflion of Newcaftle, of which he was confti- 
tuted Governor, with a garrifon of 2000 men. In 1643 he was fent from Scot- 
land by the Privy Council, with the approbation of Charles I., to make fome 
propofitions to the Court of France relating to certain privileges of the Scot- 
tifh nation. In 1644 he commanded, with the Marquis of Argyle, the forces 
fent againft the Marquis of Montrofe, whom he obliged to retreat, and then 
delivered up his commiflion to the Committee of Eftates, who pafled an adl 
in approbation of his fervices. His Lordfhip was prefident of the Committee 

* Strange. 

1 63 7-] LETTER LXXXIIL 211 

defpatched by the Parliament to the King in December 1646, with their laft 
propofitions, which were refiifed. He protefted againft the raifing of an army 
in 1648 to refciie the King from the hands of the Englifh, without receiving 
from his Majefty afliirance that he would fecure the religious liberties of his 
Scottifh fubjeds, — an attempt which was called the *^ Engagement." But 
while refilling the arbitrary meafures of his princes, he was of fincere and ar- 
dent loyalty. No fooner was it known that the Parliament of England in- 
tended to proceed againft Charles I. before the High Court of Juftice, than 
he and other commifli oners were fent to remonftrate with them, in name of 
the kingdom of Scotland, againft the violence and indignity which it was feared 
they intended againft the facred perfon of the King. The Earl warned them 
that the whole nation regarded the very thoughts of fuch a thing with the ut- 
moft abhorrence ; and he took a folemn proteft againft their proceedings, for 
which he was put under arreft, fent with a guard to Gravefend, and thence to 
Scotland. On his return he received the thanks of Parliament for his condud: 
on this occafion ; and, along with the Earl of Caflillis, was defpatched to Breda 
in 1650 to invite King Charles to Scotland. His Lordfhip died in the year 
1675. By Anne, Countefs of Lothian, he had five fons and nine daughters.] 



honourable and good report that I hear of your Lord- 
fhip's good-will and kindnefs, in taking to heart the honourable 
caufe of Chrift, and His aiBifted Church and wronged truth in this 
land, I make bold to fpeak a word, on paper, to your Lordfhip, at 
this diflance, which I truft your Lordfhip will take in good part. 
It is to your Lordfhip's honour and credit, to put to your hand, as 
ye do (all honour to God !), to the falling and tottering tabernacle 
of Chriil, in this your mother-Church, and to own Chrift's wrongs 
as your own wrongs. O blefled hand, which fhall wipe and dry 
the watery eyes of our weeping Lord Jefus, now going mourning 
in fackcloth in His members, in His fpoufe, in His truth, and in the 
prerogative royal of His kingly power ! He needeth not fervice 
and help from men ; but it pleafeth His wifdom to make the wants 
and loffes, the fores and wounds of His fpoufe, a field and an office- 

212 LETTER LXXXIII. [1637. 

houfe for the zeal of His fervants to exercife themfelves in. There- 
fore, my noble and dear Lord, go on, go on in the flrength of the 
Lord, againfl all oppofition, to fide with wronged Chrifl:. The 
defending, and warding of ftrokes off Chrifl's bride, the King's 
daughter, is like a piece of the reft of the way to heaven, knotty, 
rough, flormy, and full of thorns. Many would follow Chrifl:, 
but with a refervation that, by open proclamation, Chrift would cry 
down croffes, and cry up fair weather, and a fummer fky and fun, 
till we were all fairly landed at heaven. I know that your Lordfhip 
hath not fo learned Chrift; but that ye intend to fetch* heaven, fup- 
pofe that your father were ftanding in your way, and to take it 
with the wind on your face ; for fo both ftorm and wind were on 
the fair face of your lovely Forerunner, Chrift, all His way. It is 
poiTible that the fuccefs anfwer not your defire in this worthy 
caufe. What then "i duties are ours, but events are the Lord's ; 
and I hope, if your Lordfhip, and others with you, will go on to 
dive to the loweft ground and bottom of the knavery and perfidious 
treachery to Chrift of the accurfed and wretched prelates, the 
Antichrift's firft-born, and the firft-fruit of his foul womb, and 
fhall deal with our Sovereign (law going before you) for the reafon- 
able and impartial hearing of Chrift 's bill of complaints, and fet 
yourfelves fmglyf to feek the Lord and His face, that your righteous- 
nefs fhall break through the clouds which prejudice hath drawn 
over it, and that ye fhall, in the ftrength of the Lord, bring our 
banifhed and departing Lord Jefus home again to His fanftuary. 
Neither muft your Lordfhip advife with flefh and blood in this ; 
but wink, and in the dark, reach your hand to Chrift, and follow 
Him. Let net men's fainting difcourage you ; neither be afraid of 
men's canny J wifdom, who, in this ftorm, take the neareft fhore, and 
go to the lee and calm fide of the Gofpel, and hide Chrift (if ever 
they had Him) in their cabinets, as if they were afhamed of Him, 
or as if Chrift vv^^re ftolen wares, and would blufh before the fun. 
My very dear and noble Lord, ye have rejoiced the hearts of 

* Make for heaven. f ^Vith a (ingle mind. % Prudent and kind. 

1637.] LETTER LXXXIIL 21^ 

many, that ye have made choice of Chrift and His Golpel, whereas 
llich great temptations do fland in your way. But I love your pro- 
feflion the better that it endureth winds. If we knew ourfelves 
well, to want temptations is the greateft temptation of all. Neither 
is father, nor mother, nor court, nor honour, in this over-luflred 
world with all its paintry* and farding,f anything elfe, when they 
are laid in the balance with Chrift, but feathers, fhadows, night- 
dreams, and flraws. Oh, if this world knew the excellency, fweet- 
nefs, and beauty of that high and lofty One, that Fairefl among the 
fons of men, verily they would fee, that if their love were bigger 
than ten heavens, all in circles beyond each other, it were all too 
little for Chrift our Lord ! I hope that your choice will not repent 
you, when life fhall come to that twilight betwixt time and eternity, 
and ye fhall fee the utmofl border of time, and fhall draw the 
curtain, and look into eternity, and fhall one day fee God take the 
heavens in His hands, and fold them together, like an old holelyj 
garment, and fet on fire this clay part of the creation of God, and 
confume away into fmoke and afhes the idol-hope of poor fools, 
who think that there is not a better country than this low country of 
dying clay. Children cannot make comparifon aright betwixt this 
life and that which is to come ; and, therefore, the babes of this 
world, who fee no better, mould, in their own brain, a heaven of their 
own coining, becaufe they fee no farther than the nearefl fide of time. 
I dare lay in pawn my hope of heaven, that this reproached 
way is the only way of peace. I find it is the way that the Lord 
hath fealed with His comforts now, in my bonds for Chrifl ; and I 
verily efleem and find chains and fetters for that lovely One, Chrift, 
to be watered over with fweet confolations, and the love-fmiles of 
that lovely Bridegroom, for whofe coming we wait. And when 
He cometh, then fhall the blacks and whites of all men come be- 
fore the fun ; then fhall the Lord put a final decifion upon the 
pleas § that Zion hath with her adverfaries. And as faff as time 

* Painted things. f Fine colouring. 

:j: Full of holes ; worn out. § Matters of contrt)verfy. 

214 LETTER LXXXIV. [1637. 

pofteth away (which neither fitteth, nor ftandeth, nor fleepeth), as 
faft is our hand-breadth of this ihort winter-night flying away, and 
the fky of our long-lafting day drawing near its breaking. 

Except your Lordfhip be pleafed to plead for me againft the 
tyranny of prelates, I fhall be forgotten in this prifon ; for they did 
fhape my doom according to their new, lawlefs canons, which is, 
that a deprived minifter fhall be utterly filenced, and not preach at 
all ; which is a cruelty, contrary to their own former practices. 

Now, the only wife God, the very God of peace, confirm, 
flrengthen, and eflablifh your Lordihip upon the ftone laid in Zion, 
and be with you for ever. 

Your Lordfhip's at all refpeftful obedience in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

LXXXIV.— r^? Jean Brown. 

[Jean Brown was the mother of the well-known Mr John Brown, 
minifter of Wamphray in Annandale, who, after the reftoration of Charles 
II., was ejefted from his charge and banifhed from the King's dominions for 
his oppofition to Prelacy. As may be gathered from Rutherford's letters to 
her, fhe was a woman of intelligence and piety.] 


ISTRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be unto you. I 
long to hear how your foul profpereth. I earneflly 
defire your on-going toward your country. I know 
that ye fee your day melteth away by little and little, and that in a 
ihort time ye fhall be put beyond time's bounds ; for life is a pofl 
that ilandeth not ftill, and our joys here are born weeping, rather 
than laughing, and they die weeping. Sin, fin, this body of fin 
and corruption embittereth and poifoneth all our enjoyments. Oh 
that I were where I fhall fin no more ! Oh to be freed of thefe 

1637.] LETTER LXXXIV. 215 

chains and iron fetters, which we carry about with us ! Lord, 
loofe the fad prifoners ! Who of the children of God have not 
caufe to fay, that they have their fill of this vain life ? and, like a full 
and fick ftomach, to wifh at mid-fupper that the fupper were ended, 
and the table drawn, that the fick man might win * to bed, and enjoy 
reft ? We have caufe to tire at mid-fupper of the befl mefTes that 
this world can drefs up for us ; and to cry to God, that He would 
remove the table and put the fm-fick fouls to reft with Himfelf. 
Oh for a long play-day with Chrift, and our long-lafling vacancef 
of refl ! Glad may their fouls be that are fafe over the frith, J 
Chrifl having paid the fraught. § Happy are they who have paffed 
their hard and wearifbme time of apprenticefhip, and are now free- 
men and citizens in that joyful, high city, the New Jerufalem. 

Alas ! that we fhould be glad of and rejoice in our fetters, and 
our prifon-houfe, and this dear inn, a life of fm, where we are 
abfent from our Lord, and fo far from our home. O that we 
could get bonds and law-furetyfhip of our love, that it faflen not 
itfelf on thefe clay-dreams, thefe clay-fhadows, and worldly vanities ! 
We might be oftener feeing what they are doing in heaven, and our 
hearts more frequently upon our fweet treafure above. We fmell 
of the Imoke of this lower houfe of the earth, becaufe our hearts 
and our thoughts are here. If we could haunt || up with God, we 
fhould fmell of heaven and of our country above ; and we fhould 
look like our country, and like ftrangers, or people not born or 
brought up hereaway, f Our croffes would not bite** upon us 
if we were heavenly-minded. I know of no obligation which the 
faints have to this world, feeing we fare but upon the fmoke of it ; 
and, if there be any fmoke in the houfe, it bloweth upon our eyes. 
All our part of the table is fcarce worth a drink of water ; and 
when we are If ricken, -we dare not weep, but fteal our grief away 
betwixt our Lord and us, and content ourfelves with ftolen for row 

* Get into. f Vacation, holidays. % The ftrait, or eftuary. 

§ Freight. || *' Haunt," frequent God's prelence up above this workU 

^ In this quarter. ** Leave the mark of their teeth. 

2i6 LETTER LXXXV. [1637. 

behind backs. God be thanked that we have many things that fo 
flroke us againft the hair that we may pray, '' God keep our better 
home, God blefs our Father's houfe ; and not this fmoke, that 
bloweth us to feek our beft lodging." I am fure that this is the 
befl fruit of the crofs, when we, from the hard fare of the dear* inn, 
cry the more that God would fend a fair wind, to land us, 
hungered and opprefled ftrangers, at the door of our Father's 
houfe, which now is made, in Chrifl, our kindly heritage. Oh ! then, 
let us pull up the flakes and ftoups f of our tent, and take our tent 
on our back, and go with our flitting to our beft home ; for here 
we have no continuing city. 

I am waiting in hope here, to fee what my Lord will do with 
me. Let Him make of me what He pleafeth •, providing He make 
glory to Himfelf out of me, I care not. I hope, yea, I am now 
fure, that I am for Chrift, and all that I can or may make is for 
Him. I am His everlafting dyvour, J and ftill fliall be ; for, alas, 
I have nothing for Him, and He getteth but little fervice of me ! 
Pray for me, that our Lord would be pleafed to give me houfe- 
room, that I may ferve Him in the calling which He hath called me 
unto. Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

LXXXV. — To John Kennedy, Bailie of Ayr. 



Grace, mercy, and peace be untp you. — I am yet wait- 
ing what our Lord will do for His afflicHied Church, and 

* Where provifion is dear, or coftly. t Pofts. 

t Debtor. Banknipt is the meaning preferred by fome; but that is not 
necefTarily implied. In one of his fermons Rutherford has, '* As we fay to 
dyvours, Pay me, or fay ye will not !'" 

1637.] LETTER LXXXV. 217 

for my re-entry to my Lord's house. O that I could hear the 
forfeiture of Chrifl (now caflen out of His inheritance) recalled and 
taken off by open proclamation ; and that Chrift were reflored to 
be a freeholder and a landed heritor in Scotland ; and that the 
courts fenced* in the name of the baflard prelates (their godfather, 
the Pope's, bailiffs and fheriffs) were cried down ! Oh how fweet 
a fight were it to fee all the tribes of the Lord in this land fetching 
home again our banifhed King, Chrifl, to His own palace. His 
fanftuary, and His throne ! I fhall think it mercy to my foul, if 
my faith will out-watch all this winter-night, and not nod nor ilumber 
till my Lord's fummer-day dawn upon me. It is much if faith and 
hope, in the fad nights of our heavy trial, efcape with a whole fkin, 
and without crack or crook. I confefs that unbelief hath not reafon 
to be either father or mother to it,f for unbelief is always an irra- 
tional thing ; but how can it be, but that fuch weak eyes as ours 
mufl cafl water in a great fmoke, or that a weak head fhould not 
turn giddy when the water runneth deep and ftrong } But God be 
thanked that Chrift in His children can endure a ffrefs and a 
ftorm, howbeit foft nature would fall down in pieces. O that I had 
that J confidence as to reft on this, though He fhould grind me into 
fmall powder, and bray me into duft, and fcatter the duft to the four 
winds of heaven, that my Lord would gather up the powder, and 
make me up a new veffel again, to bear Chrifl's name to the world ! 
I am lure that love, bottomed and feated upon the faith of His love 
to me, would defire and endure this, and would even claim and 
threep § kindnefs upon Chrift's flrokes, and kifs His love-glooms, [| 
and both fpell and read falvation upon the wounds made by Chrifl's 
fweet hands. O that I had but a promife made from the mouth 
of Chrifl, of His love to me ! and then, howbeit my faith were as 
tender as paper, I think longing, and dwining, ^ and greening** of 
fick defires would caufe it to bidef f out the fiege till the Lord came 

* Conftituted and opened. f Unbelief has not its origin in reafon. 

X Such. § Perfevere in vehement aflertion. || Frowns. 

f Pining. ** Longing after greedily, ft Continue to bear or hold out. 

2i8 LETTER LXXXV. [1637. 

to fill the foul with His love. And I know alfo, that in that cafe 
faith would bide * green and fappy at the root, even at mid-winter, 
and fland out againft all florms. However it be, I know that 
Chrifl winneth heaven in defpite of hell. 

But I owe as many praifes and thanks to free grace as would 
lie betwixt me and the utmoft border of the higheft heaven, fuppofe 
ten thoufand heavens were all laid above other. But oh ! I have 
nothing that can hire or budf grace ; for if grace would take hire, 
it were no more grace. But all our ftability, and the ftrength of 
our falvation, is anchored and faflened upon free grace ; and I am 
fure that Chrift hath by His death and blood caften the knot fo faft, 
that the fingers of the devils and hell-fulls of fms cannot loose it. 
And that bond of Chrifl (that never yet was, nor ever fhall, nor 
can be regiftratedj) flandeth furer than heaven, or the days of 
heaven, as that fweet pillar of the covenant whereon we all hang. 
Chrift, with all his little ones under His two wings and in the com- 
pafs or circle of His arms, is fo fure, that, cafl Him and them into 
the ground § of the fea, He fhall come up again and not lofe one. 
An odd one cannot, nor fhall be lofl in the telling. || 

This was always God's aim, fmce Chrift came into the play 
betwixt Him and us, to make men dependent creatures ; and, in the 
work of our falvation, to put created ftrength, and arms and legs of 
clay, quite out of play, and out of office and court. And now God 
hath fubflituted in our room and accepted His Son, the Mediator, 
for us and all that we can make. If this had not been, I would 
have fkinked f over and foregone my part of paradife and falva- 
tion, for a breakfafl of dead, moth-eaten earth ; but now I would 
not give it, nor let it go for more than I can tell. And truly they 
are filly fools, and ignorant of Chrifl's worth, and fo full ill-trained 
and tutored, who tell Chrifl and heaven over the board for two 
feathers or two ftraws of the devil's painted pleafures, only luflred 
on the outer fide. This is our happinefs now, that our reckonings 

* Continue to hold out. f Bribe. % Protefted. § Bottom. 

Ij Counting up. % Renounced by a formal farewell. 

1637.] LETTER LXXXVL 219 

at night, when eternity fhall come upon us, cannot be told. We 
fhall be so far gainers, and fo far from being fuper-expended (as the 
poor fools of this world are, who give out their money, and get in 
but black hunger), that angels cannot lay our counts, nor fum our 
advantage and incomes. Who knoweth how far it is to the bottom 
of our Chrifl's fulnefs, and to the ground* of our heaven .'' Who 
ever weighed Chrifl in a pair of balances ? Who hath feen the 
foldings and plies, and the heights and depths of that glory which is 
in Him, and kept for us ? O for such a heaven as to ftand afar off, 
and fee, and love and long for Him, whillf time's thread be cut, and 
this great work of creation difTolved, at the coming of our Lord ! 

Now to His grace I recommend you. I befeech you alfo to pray 
for a re-entry to me into the Lord's houfe, if it be His good will. 
Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Jan. 6, 1637. 

LXXXVL — To my Lord Craighall. 

[Sir John Hope, Lord Craighall, was the eldeft fon of Sir Thomas 
Hope (Lord Advocate of Scotland in the time of James VI. and Charles I.), 
and Elizabeth, daughter of John Bennet of Wallyford. His property, Craig- 
hall, is in the parifh of Inverelk, near Edinburgh. Sir Thomas was the mod 
eminent lawyer of his day, and was firft brought into notice by the ability 
with which he defended the caufe of John Forbes, John Welfh, and the 
other minifters who were tried for high treafon at Linlithgow, on account of 
their holding a General Affembly at Aberdeen in 1605. John, fecond baronet 
of Craighall, followed the profeffion of law, and quickly rofe to diftindion and 
influence. He was admitted a Lord of Seflion 27th July 1632, and became 
Prelident of the Court. In 1645 he was appointed one of the Privy Council. 
He was an elder of the Church, and his name appears on the roll of members 
of the General Aflemblies 1 645-1 649, and of the commiflions which these 
Aflemblies appointed, and invested with full powers for profecuting, advanc- 
ing, and bringing to a happy conclufion, the work of uniformity in religion in 
all his Majefty's dominions. He was married to Margaret, daughter of Sir 

* Bottom. t Till. 

220 LETTER LXXXVL [1637. 

Archibald Murray of Blackbarony. This lady died on the 3d of Odober 
1 641. His father, in his publifhed Diary, has the following entry of that 
date in reference to the event : ^* About 9 of the night, my dear daughter D. 
M. Murray, fpoufe to my fon Craighall, deceafed in child-bed, fhe and the 
bairn in her womb. God in mercy pity me, and my fon, and his children, 
for it is a fore ftroke" (p. 152). Lord Craighall died at Edinburgh near the 
end of April 1654. He had a daughter, Mary, who became the wife of 
William Gordon of Earlfton, and two fons. Sir Thomas and Sir Archibald. 
(Douglas' Peerage.y\ 


Y LORD, — I received Mr L.'s* letter with your Lord- 
fhip's, and his learned thoughts in the matter of cere- 
monies. I owe refpeft to the man's learning, for that 
I hear him to be oppofed to Arminian herefies. But, with reverence 
of that worthy man, I wonder to hear fuch popifh-like expreflions 
as he hath in his letter, as, " Your Lordfhip may fpare doubtings, 
when the IGng and Church have agreed in the fettling of fuch 
orders ; and the Church's dire6lion in things indifferent and circum- 
ftantial (as if indifferent and circumftantial were all one!) ihould be 
the rule of every private Chriftian." I only viewed the papers two 
hours' fpace, the bearer haflening me to write. I find the worthy 
man not fo feenf in this controverfy as fome turbulent men of our 
country, whom he calleth *' refufers of conformity ;" and let me fay 
it, I am more confirmed in non-conformity, when I fee fuch a great 
wit play the agent :j: fo flenderly. But I will lay the blame on the 
weaknefs of the caufe, not on the meannefs of Mr L.'s learning. I 

* Who is here meant cannot now be well afcertained. It could not be Mr 
Robert Leighton, afterwards Archbifhop of Glafgow, as he was then abroad, 
and not ordained. Perhaps it may have been Mr Loudian, of whom Baillie 
fays, ** He has vn"itten fomewhat againft our courfes (at leaft for kneeling) 
againft Rutherford. They fay he is dead alfo. I much regrate it : he was an 
excellent philofophe, found and orthodoxe, oppolite to Canterbury's way, al- 
beit too conform. I counfelled oft Glafgow to have him for their Divinity 
Ledurer." {Baillie s Letters and Journals ^ i. 77.) 

t Converfant with. X Advocate ? 

637-] LETTER LXXXVL 221 

have been, and ftill am confident, that Britain * cannot anfwer one 
argument, a fcatidalo : and I longed much to hear Mr L. fpeak to 
the caufe ; and I would fay, if fome ordinary divine had anfwered 
as Mr L. doth, that he underflood not the nature of a fcandal ; but 
I dare not vilify that worthy man fo. I am now upon the heat of 
fome other employment. I fhall (but God willing) anfwer this, to 
the fatisfying of any not prejudiced. 

I will not fay that every one is acquainted with the reafon in 
my letter, from God's prefence and bright fhining face in fuffering 
for this caufe. Ariflotle never knew the medium of the conclufion : 
and Chrift faith few know it.f I am fure that confcience ftanding 
in awe of the Almighty, and fearing to make a little hole in the 
bottom for fear of under-water, J is a ilrong medium to hold off an 
erroneous conclufion in the leaft wing, or lith,§ of fweet, fweet 
truth, that concerneth the royal prerogative of our kingly and 
highefi Lord Jefus. And my witnefs is in heaven, that I faw 
neither pleafure, nor profit, nor honour, to hook me, or catch me, 
in entering into prifon for Chrift, but the wind on my face for the 
prefent. And if I had loved to fleep in a whole fkin, with the eafe 
and prefent delight that I faw on this fide of fun and moon, I fiiould 
have lived at eafe, and in good hopes to fare as well as others. The 
Lord knoweth that I preferred preaching of Chrift, and ftill do, to 
anything, next to Chrift Himfelf. And their new canons took my 
one, my only joy, from me, which was to me as the poor man's 
one ewe, that had no more ! And, alas ! there is little lodging in 
their hearts for pity or mercy, to pluck out a poor man's one eye 
for a thing indifferent ; i.e., for knots of ftraw, and things (as they 
mean II) off the way to heaven. I defire not that my name take 
journey, and go a pilgrim to Cambridge, for fear I come into the 
ears of authority. I am fufficiently burnt already. 

In the mean time, be pleafed to try if the Bifiiop of St Andrews, f 

* All the Divines in Britain, f R^v. ii. 1 7 , ^ ^ hidden manna." % Bilge-water. 
§ Joint. In a fermon at Kirkmabreck, 1634, he fpeaks of ^^ the fhoulder- 
blade being out of lit h." 

II As they reckon, or think. ^ John Spottifwood. 

222 LETTER LXXXVIL [16:57. 

and Glafgow* (Galloway'sf ordinary), will be pleafed to abate 
from the heat of their wrath, and let me go to my charge. Few 
know the heart of a prifoner ; yet I hope that the Lord will hew 
His own glory out of as knotty timber as I am. Keep Chrifl, my 
dear and worthy Lord. Pretended paper-arguments from:): angering 
the mother-Church, (that can reel, and nod, and ftagger,) are not of 
fuch weight as peace with the Father, and Hufband. Let the wife 
gloom, § I care not, if the Hufband laugh. 

Remember my fervice to my Lord your father, and mother, and 
lady. Grace be with you. 

Yours at all obedience in Chrift, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Jan. 24, 1637. 

LXXXVIL — To Elizabeth Kennedy. 

[Elizabeth Kennedy was the filter of Hugh Kennedy, Provoft of 
Ayr, and a woman as eminent for piety and prayer as her brother. Wodrow 
records an anecdote of her which illuftrates the devotional charader of Chris- 
tians in her time, and their faith in the power of prayer. Being much afflicted 
with the ftone, fhe was advifed to fubmit to a furgical operation. Several 
meetings for prayer took place among the godly at Ayr in reference to her 
cafe in particular. When the furgeon came to perform the operation, one of 
thefe meetings was held in her own houfe, and the people continued fo long 
in prayer, as nearly to exhauft his patience ; but before they had concluded, 
the ftone dilTolved, and without furgical aid fhe obtained immediate relief. 
(PP'odrow's AnahBaj vol. ii.)] 


ISTRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I have 
long had a purpofe of writing unto you, but I have 
been hindered. I heartily defire that ye would mind 

* James Law was the ordinary or official deputy of the Bifhop. 

t Thomas Sydferff, Bifhop of Galloway. 

+ Arguments drawn from the risk of provoking. § Frown. 

1637.] LETTER LXXXVIL ii^ 

your country, and confider to what airt* your foul fetteth its face ; 
for all come not home at night who fuppofe that they have fet their 
face heavenward. It is a woful thing to die, and mifs heaven, and 
to lofe houfe-room with Chrift at night : it is an evil journey where 
travellers are benighted in the fields. I perfuade myfelf that thoufands 
(hall be deceived and afhamed of their hope. Becaufe they caft their 
anchor in finking fands, they mufi: lofe it. Till now I knew not the 
pain, labour, nor difficulty that there is to winf at home : nor did 
I underfi:and fo well, before this, what that meaneth, " The right- 
eous fliall fcarcely be faved." Oh, how many a poor profefibr's 
candle is blown out, and never lighted again ! I fee that ordinary 
profefiion, and to be ranked amongfi: the children of God, and to 
have a name among men, is now thought good enough to carry pro- 
fefibrs to heaven. But certainly a name is but a name, and will 
never bide J a blail: of God's fiorm. I counfel you not to give your 
foul or Chrifi: refi, nor your eyes fleep, till ye have gotten fomething 
that will bide J the fire, and ftand out the florm. I am fure, that if 
my one foot were in heaven, and if then He fiiould fay, " Fend§ 
thyself, I will hold my grips || of thee no longer," I fiiould go no 
farther, but prefently fall down in as many pieces of dead nature. 

They are happy for evermore who are over head and ears in 
the love of Chrifi, and know no ficknefs but love-ficknefs for 
Chrifi:, and feel no pain but the pain of an abfent and hidden Well- 
beloved. We run our fouls out of breath, and tire them, in cours- 
ing and galloping after our night-dreams (fuch are the rovings of 
our mifcarrying hearts), to get fome created good thing in this life, 
and on this fide of death. We would fain fiay and fpin out a 
heaven to ourfelves, on this fide of the water ; but forrow, want, 
changes, crofies, and fin, are both woof and warp in that ill-fpun 
web. O how fweet and dear are thofe thoughts that are flill 
upon the things which are above ! and how happy are they who 
are longing to have little fand in their glafs, and to have time's 

* Quarter of the fky. f Get to. :j: Continue to endure. 

§ Take care of. || Grafp. 

224 LETTER LXXXVIL [1637. 

thread cut, and can cry to Chrifi:, " Lord Jefus, have over :* come 
and fetch the drearyf pafTenger ! " I wiih that our thoughts were 
more frequently than they are upon our country. Oh but heaven 
cafteth a fweet fmell afar oiF to thofe who have fpiritual fmelling ! 
God hath made many fair flowers ; but the faireft of them all is 
heaven, and the Flower of all flowers is Chrifl:. Oh ! why do we 
not fly up to that lovely One ? Alas, that there is fuch a fcarcity 
of love, and of lovers, to Chrifl: amongft us all ! Fie, fie upon us, 
who love fair things, as fair gold, fair houfes, fair lands, fair plea- 
fures, fair honours, and fair perfons, and do not pine and melt 
away with love to Chrifl ! Oh ! would to God I had more love 
for His fake ! O for as much as would lie betwixt me and heaven, 
for His fake ! O for as much as would go round about the earth, 
and over the heaven, yea, the heaven of heavens, and ten thoufand 
worlds, that I might let all out upon fair, fair, only fair Chrifl ! 
But, alas ! I have nothing for Him, yet He hath much for me. It 
is no gain to Chrifl that He getteth my little, fecklefs,J fpan-length 
and hand-breadth of love. 

If men would have fomething to do with their hearts and their 
thoughts, that are always rolling up and down (like men with oars 
in a boat), after fmful vanities, they might find great and fweet em- 
ployment to their thoughts upon Chrifl. If thofe frothy, fluftuating, 
and refllefs hearts of ours would come all about Chrifl, and look 
into His love, to bottomlefs love, to the depth of mercy, to the 
unfearchable riches of His grace, to inquire after and fearch into the 
beauty of God in Chrifl, they would be fw allowed up in the depth 
and height, length and breadth of His goodnefs. Oh, if men would 
draw the curtains, and look into the inner fide of the ark, and be- 
hold how the fulnefs of the Godhead dwelleth in Him bodily ! Oh ! 
who would not fay, " Let me die, let me die ten times, to fee a fight 
of Him " ? Ten thoufand deaths were no great price to ^ve for 
Him. I am fure that fick, fainting love would heighten the market, 
and raife the price to the double for Him. But, alas ! if men and 

* Be done. f Sorrowful. % Unfubftantial, worthlefs. 


angels were rouped,* and ibid at the dearefl: price, they would not 
all buy a night's love, or a four-and-twenty-hours' light of Chrifl ! 
Oh, how happy are they who get Chrift for nothing ! God fend 
me no more, for my part of paradife, but Chrift : and furely I were 
rich enough, and as well heavened as the bell of them, if Chrift 
were my heaven. 

I can write no better thing to you, than to defire you, if ever 
ye laid Chrift in a count, to take Him up and count over again : 
and weigh Him again and again : and after this have no other 
to court your love, and to woo your foul's delight, but Chrift. He 
will be found worthy of all your love, howbeit it ftiould fwell 
upon you from the earth to the uppermoft circle of the heaven of 
heavens. To our Lord Jefus and His love I commend you. 
Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

LXXXVIIL — To Janet Kennedy. 

[This feems to he the wife of Mr John Fergufhill ; fee Let. 112.] 


ISTRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be unto you. Ye 
are not a little obliged to His rich grace, who hath 
feparated you for Himfelf, and for the promifed in- 
heritance with the saints in light, from this condemned and guilty 
world. Hold faft Chrift, contend for Him; it is a lawful pleaf to 
go to holding and drawing for Chrift ; and it is not poffible to 
keep Chrift peaceably, having once gotten Him, except the devil 
were dead. It muft be your refolution to fet your face againft 
Satan's northern tempefts and ftorms, for falvation. Nature 
would have heaven to come to us while fteeping in our beds. We 

* Sold by public auction. f Controverfy. 

vol.. 1. P 


would all buy Chrifl, fo being we might make price ourfelves. 
But Chrifl is worth more blood and lives than either ye or I have 
to give Him. When we fhall come home, and enter to the pofTeflion 
of our Brother's fair kingdom, and when our heads fhall find the 
weight of the eternal crown of glory, and when we fhall look back 
to pains and fufFerings, then (hall we fee life and forrow to be lefs 
than one flep or ftride from a prifon to glory ; and that our little 
inch of time-fuffering is not worthy of our firft night's welcome- 
home to heaven. Oh, what then fhall be the weight of every one 
of Chrift's kifTes ! Oh, how weighty, and of what worth fhall every 
one of Chrift's love-finiles be ! Oh, when once He fhall thrufl a 
wearied traveller's head betwixt His bleffed breafls, the poor foul 
will think one kifs of Chrift hath fully paid home forty or fifty 
years' wet feet, and all its fore hearts, and light*" fufferings it had 
in following after Chrifl ! Oh, thrice-blinded fouls, whofe hearts 
are charmed and bewitched with dreams, fhadows, fecklefs things, 
night-vanities, and night-fancies of a miferable life of fin ! Shame 
on us who fit flill, fettered with the love and liking of the loan 
of a piece of dead clay ! Oh, poor fools, who are beguiled with 
painted things, and this world's fair weather, and fmooth promifes, 
and rotten, worm-eaten hopes ! May not the devil laugh to fee us 
give out our fouls, and get in but corrupt and counterfeit pleafures 
of fin 'i O for a fight of eternity's glory, and a litde tafling of 
the Lamb's marriage-fupper ! Half a draught, or a drop of the 
wine of confolation, that is up at our banqueting-houfe, out of 
Chrifl's own hand, would make our flomachs loathe the brown 
bread and the four drink of a miferable life. Oh, how far are we 
bereaved of wit, to chafe, and hunt, and run, till our fouls be out 
of breath, after a condemned happinefs of our own making ! And 
do we not fit far in our own light, to make it a matter of bairn's 
play, to fkink and drink overf paradife, and the heaven that Chrift 

* 2 Cor. iv. 17. 

t Skink is formally to renounce his part in a thing; ^^ and drink oi^er, 
ihink the health of the buver over the concluded bargain. 


did fweat for, even for a blail of fmoke, and for Efau's morning 
breakfaft ? O that we were out of ourfelves, and dead to this 
world, and this world dead and crucified to us ! And, when we 
(hould be clofe* out of love and conceit of any mafked and fardedf 
lover whatfoever, then Chrifl: would win and conquer to Himfelf 
a lodging in the inmoft yolk of our heart. Then Chriil fhould 
be our night-fong and morning-fong : then the very noife and din 
of our Well-beloved's feet, when He cometh, and His firit knock 
or rap at the door, (hould be as news of two heavens to us. O that 
our eyes and our foul's fmelling fhould go after a blafted and fun- 
burnt flower, even this plaflered, fair-outfided J world : and then 
we have neither eye nor fmell for the Flower of JefTe, for that 
Plant of renown, for Chrift, the choicefi:, the faireft, the fweetefl 
rofe that ever God planted ! Oh, let fome of us die to fmell the 
fragrance of Him ; and let my part of this rotten world be forfeited 
and fold for evermore, providing I may anchor my tottering foul 
upon Chrifl: ! I know that it is fometimes at this, " Lord, what 
wilt Thou have for Chrift ?" But, O Lord, canfl Thou be budded, § 
and propined |1 with any gift for Chrifl ? O Lord, can Chrift be 
fold? or rather, may not a poor needy finner have Him for nothing? 
If I can get no more, oh, let me be pained to all eternity, with long- 
ing for Him ! The joy of hungering for Chrift fhould be my heaven 
for evermore. Alas, that I cannot draw fouls and Chrifl together ! 
But I defire the coming of His kingdom, and that Chrifl, as I 
afTuredly hope He will, would come upon withered Scotland, as 
rain upon the new-mown grafs. Oh, let the King come ! Oh, let 
His kingdom come ! Oh, let their eyes rot in their eye-holes,^ 
who will not receive Him home again to reign and rule in Scotland. 
Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

* Quite out. t Embelliihed, painted. % That has a fair external. 

§ Bribed. 11 Prefented with. ^ Zech. xiv. 12. 

228 LETTER LXXXIX, [163' 

LXXXIX. — To 7ny li^ell-beloved and Re^'erend Brotht 
Mr Robert Blair. 

[Mr Robert Blair was bom at Inine in 1593. After completing his 
education at the College of Glafgow, he there held for feveral years the office 
of Regent, during which time he was licenfed as a probationer for the holy 
miniftr)-. Ha%-ing a ftrong defire to go to France, he was encouraged to this 
by M. Bafnage, a French Proteftant minifter who vifited Scotland in 1622. 
But Pro\-idence ordered his lot otherwife. He was induced to accept of the 
charge of Bangor, in Ireland, and was admitted in the year 1623. Here he 
laboured with great diligence and fuccefs ; and there being in the fame part of 
the country feveral other de\out minifters, by mutual excitement and co- 
operation, they were inftnimental in producing in the north of Ireland a change 
upon an ignorant and irreligious people, much refembling the effedts of the 
preaching of the Gofpel in the apoftolic age. But this good work was not 
allowed to go on unoppofed. In the autumn of 163 1 he was fufpended from 
his miniftn- by the Bifhop of Down; in May 1632 he was depofed; and 
in November 1634 folemnly excommunicated ; and all this fimply for non- 
conformity. In thefe circumftances, he and fome other minifters fimilarly 
fituated, together with a confiderable number of people, formed the purpofe 
of going to New England, and actually embarked in 1636 ; but the tempeftu- 
ous ftate of the weather forced them to return. He then came over to Scot- 
land, and in 1638 became minifter of Ayr, from which by a fentence of the 
General Affembly he was foon tranflated to St Andrew's, where he and 
Rutherford lived in the warmeft friendfhip until the controverfy between the 
Refolutioners and Protefters arofe, which in fome degree difturbed their mutual 
good underftanding. Rutherford was a ftrong Protefter : Blair endeavoured 
to remain neutral. He regretted the extremes, as he conceived, to which 
both parties went ; and, with Mr James Durham of Glafgow, endeavoured to 
reftore harmony between them, but without fuccefs. Towards the end of 
September 1661 he was fummoned before the Privy Council for a fermon he 
had preached, in which he dwelt on fuffering for righteouihefs' fake, and bore 
teftimony to the covenanted Reformation, as well as againft the defections of 
the times. His anfwers to the Council proving unfatisfadton-, he was fentenced 
to be confined to his own houfe. He was afterwards permitted to retire to 
Muflelburgh. He next removed to Kirkcaldy, and from thence to Meikle 
Coufton, in the parifh of Aberdour, where he died on the 2-th of April 

1637.] LETTER LXXXIX. 229 



— Grace, mercy, and peace from God our Father, and 
from our Lord Jefus Chrift, be unto you. 
It is no great wonder, my dear brother, that ye be in heaviiiefs 
for a feafon, and that God's will (in croffing your defign and defires 
to dwell amongft a people whofe God is the Lord) fhould move you. 
I deny not but ye have caufe to inquire what His providence fpeaketh 
in this to you ; but God's directing and commanding Will can by 
no good logic be concluded from events of providence. The Lord 
fent Paul on many errands for the fpreading of His Gofpel, where 
he found lions in his way. A promife was made to His people of 
the Holy Land, and yet many nations were in the way, fighting 
againft, and ready to kill them that had the promife, or to keep 
them from poffeffing that good land which the Lord their God had 
given them. I know that ye have moft to do with fubmilTion of 
fpirit ; but I perfuade myfelf that ye have learned, in every condition 
wherein ye are caft, therein to be content, and to fay, *' Good is 
the will of the Lord, let it be done." I believe that the Lord 
tacketh His fhip often to fetch the wind, and that He purpofeth to 
bring mercy out of your fufferings and fdence, which (I know 
from mine own experience) is grievous to you. Seeing that He 
knoweth our willing mind to ferve Him, our wages and flipend is 
running to the fore* with our God, even as fome fick foldiers get 
pay, when they are bedfaft and not able to go to the field with 
others. *' Though Ifrael be not gathered, yet fliall I be glorious 
in the eyes of the Lord, and my God fhall be my ftrength."f And 
we are to believe it fhall be thus ere all the play be played. *' The 

* Into account for your advantage. f I fa. xlix. 5. 

230 LETTER LXXXIX. [1637. 

violence done to me and to my flefh be upon Babylon " (and the 
great whore's lovers), '' lliall the inhabitant of Zion fay ; and my 
blood be upon Chaldea, fhall Jerufalem fay."* And, " Behold, I 
will make Jerufalem a cup of trembling to all the people round 
about, when they fhall be in the fiege both againft Judah and againfl: 
Jerufalem. And in that day will I make Jerufalem a burden- 
fome ftone for all people : they that burden themfelves with it fliall 
be broken in pieces, though all the people of the earth be gathered 
together againfl it."f When they have eaten and fwallowed us up, 
they fhall be fick, and vomit us out living men again ; the devil's 
flomach cannot digeft the Church of God. Suffering is the other 
half of our miniftry, howbeit the hardefl ; for we would be content 
that our ICing Jefus fhould make an open proclamation, and cry 
down croffes, and cry up joy, gladnefs, eafe, honour, and peace. 
But it muft not be fo ; through many affli6lions we mufl enter into 
the kingdom of God. Not only by them, but through them, mufl 
we go ; and wiles will not take us pafl the crofs. It is folly to 
think to fleal to heaven with a whole fkin. 

For myfelf, I am here a prifoner confined in Aberdeen, threatened 
to be removed to Caithnefs, becaufe I defire to edify in this town ; 
and am openly preached againft in the pulpits in my hearing, and 
tempted with difputations by the doftors, efpecially by D. B.J Yet 
I am not aihamed of the Lord Jefus, His garland, and His crown. 
I would not exchange my weeping with the painted laughter of the 
fourteen prelates. At my firft coming here I took the dorts§ at 
Chrift, and would, forfooth, fummon Him for unkindnefs. I fought 
a plea II of my Lord, and was toffed with challenges^ whether He 
loved me or not ; and difputed over again all that He had done to 

* Jer. li. },s- t Zech. xii. 2, 3. 

% Dr Robert Barron, ProfelTor of Divinity in the jNIarlfchal College of 
Aberdeen, one of the learned dodors of that city, whofe difpute, in 1638, 
with Alexander Henderfon, David Dickfon, and Andrew Cant, on the fub- 
jed of the Covenant, excited at the time fo much attention. 

§ Sulks, pet. II A quarrel. ^[ Upbraiding, queftioning. 

1637.] LETTER LXXXIX. 231 

me, becauie His word was a fire fhut up in my bowels, and I was 
weary with forbearing, becaufe I laid I was call out of the Lord's 
inheritance. But now I fee that I was a fool. My Lord mifkent* 
all, and did bear with my foolifh jealoufies ; and mifkent* that ever 
I wronged His love. And now He is come again with mercy under 
His wings. I pafs from my (oh witlefs !) fummons: He is God, 
I fee, and I am man. Now it hath pleafed Him to renew His love 
to my foul, and to dawtf His poor prifoner. Therefore, dear 
brother, help me to praife, and fhow the Lord's people with you 
what He hath done to my foul, that they may pray and praife. 
And I charge you, in the name of Chrift, not to omit it. For this 
caufe I write to you, that my fufferings may glorify my royal King, 
and edify His Church in Ireland. He knoweth how one of Chrift's 
love coals hath burnt my foul with a defire to have my bonds to 
preach His glory, whofe crofs I now bear. God forgive you if you 
do it not ; but I hope the Lord will move your heart, to proclaim 
in my behalf the fweetnefs, excellency, and glory of my royal King. 
It is but our foft flefh that hath raifed a flander on the crofs of 
Chrift : I fee now the white fide of it ; my Lord's chains are all 
over-gilded. Oh, if Scotland and Ireland had part of my feall: ! 
And yet I get not my meat but with many ftrokes. There are 
none here to whom 1 can fpeak: I dwell in Kedar's tents. Refrefh 
me with a letter from you. Few know what is betwixt Chrift and 

Dear brother, upon my falvation, this is His truth that we fulfer 
for. Chrift would not feal a blank charter to fouls. Courage, 
courage ! joy, joy for evermore ! O joy unfpeakable and glorious ! 
O for help to fet my crowned King on high ! O for love to Him 
who is altogether lovely, — that love which many waters cannot 
quench, neither can the Hoods drown ! 

I remember you, and bear your name on my breall to 
ChriiL I befeech you, forget not His afflicted prilbner. Grace, 
mercy, and peace be with you. Salute in the Lord, from 

* Overlooked. f Dote upoi)^ ibndk. 

232 LETTER XC. [1637. 

me, Mr Cunningham, Mr Livingftone, Mr Ridge,* Mr Col- 

wart,f &c. 

Your brother, and fellow-prifoner, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Feb. 7, 1637. 

XC. — To his Revere?id and Dear Brother, Mr John Livingstone. 

[John Livingstone (the fon of Alexander Livingftone, firft minifter at 
Monyabroch or Kilfyth, and afterwards at Lanark) was bom at Monyabroch 
on the 2ift of January 1603. At the College of Glafgow, where he received 
his education, he enjoyed the advantage of having as his regent for two years 
the famous Robert Blair, for whom he continued ever after to retain the 
higheft veneration. He was firft fettled minifter at Killinchie, in Ireland, to- 
wards the clofe of the year 1630, but had not laboured above twelve months 
in that charge when he was fufpended by the Biftiop of Down, for non- 
conformity. Being afterwards depofed, and finally excommunicated, to enjoy 
religious liberty he accompanied Mr Blair and others in their intended emi- 
gration to America ; but, with the reft, was forced by the adverfe ftate of 
the weather to return. Shortly after, when on a vifit to the weft of Scotland, 
he received calls from two parifties, Stranraer and Stewarton. By the advice 
of his ft-iends, whom he confulted, he preferred the call from the former parifti, 
and his indud:ion took place on the jth of July 1638. Here he continued in 
the afliduous difcharge of his paftoral functions until 1648, when, by the fen- 
tence of the General Aflembly, he was tranflated to the parifti of Ancrum, in 
the Preftjytery of Jedburgh. Upon the death of Charles I., he was fent to 
the Hague, and aftenvards to Breda, as one of the commiflioners from the 

* Mr John Ridge was an Englifti minifter, whom oppofition to ceremonial 
impofitions on confcience led to leave his native country for Ireland. He was 
admitted to the vicarage of Antrim on the 7th of July 16 19, in which he 
laboured with fuccefs for many years ; but being at length depofed by Henry 
Leflie, the Bifliop of Down, for non-conformity, he came over to Irvine, where 
he died. 

t Mr Henry Colwart was alfo a native of England ; and, like Mr Ridge, 
left the land of his birth, and went to Ireland. He was admitted to the pas- 
toral charge of Oldftone in 1630; but being alfo depofed by Bifhop Leflie for 
refufing to fubmit to the innovations of Prelacy, he came over to Scotland, 
and was admitted minifter of Paiflev, where he died. 

1637.] LETTER XC. 233 

Church of Scotland to treat with his foil Charles II., whofe charac^lier he had 
the penetration to difcover. In the controverfy between the Refolutioners and 
Protefters, Livingftone took the fide of the latter, but was diilatisfied with 
the violence manifefted by his party. After the reftoration of Charles II., 
being fummoned to appear before the Privy Council on the nth of December 
1662, he appeared, and, declining to engage to obferve the anniverfary of the 
death of Charles I., and to take the oath of allegiance in the precife way in 
which it was dilated to him, he was fentenced to quit his native land within 
two months. Having repaired to Rotterdam, he preached occafionally to the 
Scottifh congregation there, and devoted the remainder of his life to the culti- 
vation of Biblical literature. He died in that city on the 9th of Auguft 1672, 
in the feventieth year of his age. 

It was this fame Livingftone that was fo blefled in awakenings. By a fer- 
mon which he preached in 1630 at the Kirk-of-Shotts, on the Monday after 
the difpenfation of the Lord's Supper, five hundred fouls, it is believed, were 
converted. On a fimilar occafion, at Holywood, in the north of Ireland, he 
was the inftrument of awakening double that number to inquiry after falvation.] 



mercy, and peace be to you. I long to hear from you, 
and to be refreihed with the comforts of The Bride ot 
our Lord Jefus in Ireland. I fuffer with you in grief, for the dalh 
that your defires to be at New England have received of late; but if 
our Lord, who hath fkill to bring up His children, had not feen it?your 
befl, it would not have befallen you. Hold your peace, and ftay 
yourfelves upon the Holy One of Ifrael. Hearken to what He hath 
faid in crolTmg of your defires ; He will fpeak peace to His people. 

I am here removed from my flock, and fdenced, and confined 
in Aberdeen, for the teftimony of Jefus. And I have been confined 
in fpirit alfo with defertions and challenges. I gave in a bill of 
quarrels, and complaints of unkindnefs againft Chrift, who feemed 
to have caft me over the dyke of the vineyard as a dry tree, and 
feparated me from the Lord's inheritance ; but high, high and loud 
praifes be to our royal crowned King in Zion, that He hath not 
burnt the dry branch. I Ihall yet live, and fee His glory. 

Your mother-Church, for her whoredom, is like to be caft off. 

234 LETTER XC. [1637. 

The bairns may break their hearts to fee fuch chiding betwixt the 
hulband and the wife. Our clergy is upon a reconciliation with the 
Lutherans ; and the Doftors are writing books, and drawing up a 
common confeflion, at the Council's command. Our Service Book 
is proclaimed with found of trumpet. The night is fallen down upon 
the prophets ! Scotland's day of vifitation is come. It is time 
tor the bride to weep, while Chrifl: is a-faying that He will choofe 
another wife. But our fky will clear again ; the dry branch of cut- 
down Lebanon will bud again and be glorious, and they (hall yet 
plant vines upon our mountains. 

Now, my dear brother, I write to you for this end, that ye may 
help me to praife ; and feek help of others with you, that God may 
be glorified in my bonds. My Lord Jefus hath taken the withered, 
dry ftranger, and His prifoner broken in heart, into His houfe of 
wine. Oh, oh if ye, and all Scotland, and all our brethren with 
you, knew how I am feafted ! Chrift's honey-combs drop comforts. 
He dineth with His prifoner, and the ICing's fpikenard cafleth a 
fmell. The devil cannot get it denied that we fulFer for the apple 
of Chrift's eye. His royal prerogatives, as l^ng and Lawgiver. Let 
us not fear or faint. He will have His Gofpel once again rouped* 
in Scotland, and have the matter going to voices, to fee who 
will fay, *' Let Chrifl: be crowned I^ng in Scotland." It is true 
that Antichrift ftirreth his tail , but I love a rumbling and raging 
devil in the kirk (fmce the Church militant cannot or may not want 
a devil to trouble her), rather than a fubtle or fleeping devil. Chrifl: 
never yet got a bride without flroke of fword. It is now nigh the 
Bridegroom's entering into His chamber ; — let us awake and go in 
with Him. 

I bear your name to Chrift's door ; I pray you, dear brother, 
forget me not. Let me hear from you by a letter ; and I charge 
you, iinother not Chrift's bounty towards me. I write what I have 
found of Him in the houfe of my pilgrimage. Remember my lo\'e 
to all our brethren and fiflers there. 

* Set up to fale by audlon, once more. 

1637.] LETTER XCI. 235 

The Keeper of the vineyard watch for His befieged city, and 

for you. 

Your brother, and fellow-ibfferer, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Feb. 7, 1637. 

XCI. — To Mr Ephraim Melvin. 

[Ephraim Melvin, or Melville, was firft ordained minifter of 
Queensferry, and afterwards tranflated to Linlithgow, where he died. His 
miniftry was fignally blefTed of God for bringing many to the faving know- 
ledge of the truth, among whom were fome who afterwards became eminent 
minifters of the Gofpel in their day. One of thefe was the famous Mr 
James Durham of Glafgow. Happening, with his pious wife, a daughter 
of the laird of Duntervie, to pay a vifit to her mother, alfo a religious woman, 
in Queensferry, when the facrament of the Lord's Supper was to be obferved in 
that place, his mother-in-law, upon the Saturday, defired him to go with her 
to hear fermon. Being then a ftranger to true religion, he was difinclined to 
go, and faid, with a tone of indifference, * ^ that he had not come there to hear 
fermon ; " but upon being prefled, to gratify his pious relative, he went. The 
difcourfe which he heard, though plain and ordinary, was delivered with an 
affection and earneftnefs that arrefted the attention of Durham, and fo imprefled 
him, that on coming home he faid to his mother-in-law, ^^ Your minifter 
preached very ferioufly, and I fhall not need to be prefled to go to hear to- 
morrow." Accordingly he went, and Mr Melvin choofing for his text thefe 
words, ^^To you which believe, He is precious," i Peter ii. 7, opened up 
the precioufnefs of Chrift with fuch undion and ferioufnefs, that it proved, 
by the power of the Holy Spirit, the means of his converlion. In that 
fermon he firft clofed with Chrift, and took his feat at the Lord's Table, 
though to that day he had been an abfolute ftranger to believing. He 
was accuftomed afterwards to call Mr Melvin his father, when he fpoke of 
him or to him. Melvin, by a fermon which he preached at Stewarton, 
when a probationer and chaplain to the excellent Lady Boyd, was alfo the 
inftrument of converting Mr John Stirling in the fourteenth or (ixteenth 
year of his age, an excellent and ufeful minifter in his day, though lefs knou 11 
than Durham. **Some fay alfo," remarks Wodrow, ^^that he was a 
fpiritual father to Mr John Dury of Dalmeny, who was much efteemed of 
in his time, as having a taking and foaring gift of preaching, much like Mr 
William Guthrie's gift." When Rutherford heard of Melvin's death he is 

2^6 LETTER XCL [1637. 

repreferited to have laid, '^ And is Ephraim dead ? He was an interpreter 
among a thoufand." (PVodro-vjs Anal.^ vol. iii.)] 


your letter, and am contented, with all my heart, that 
our acquaintance in our Lord continue. 
I am wrelHing as I dow,* up the mount with Chrift's crofs : 
my Second f is kind and able to help. 

As for your queftions, becaufe of my manifold diAra<5lions, and 
letters to multitudes, I have not time to anfwer them. What fhall 
be faid in common for that fhall be imparted to you ; for I am upon 
thefe queftions. Therefore fpare me a little, for the Service Book 
would take a great time. But I think ; Sicut deofculatio religiofa 
imaginis, aut etiam elementorum, eft in fe idololatria externa, etfi 
intentio deofculandi, tota, quanta in a6lu eft, feratur in Deum Trpw- 
TOTVTTov ; ita, geuiculatio coram pane, quando, nempe, ex inftituto, 
totus homo externus et internus verfari debeat circa elementaria figna, 
eft adoratio relativa, et adoratio ipfius panis. Ratio : Intentio ado- 
randi objeftum materiale, non eft de eflentia extern^e adorationis, ut 
patet in deofculatione religiosa. Sic geniculatio coram imagine 
Babylonica eft externa adoratio imaginis, etfi tres pueri mente inten- 
diftent adorare Jehovam. Sic, qui ex metu folo, aut fpe pretii, aut 
inanis gloriae, geniculatur coram aureo vitulo Jeroboami (quod ab 
ipfo rege, qui nulla religione indu6lus, fed libidine dominandi tantum, 
vitulum erexit, fa6litatum efte, textus fatis luculenter clamat), adorat 
\'itulum externa adoratione ; efto quod putaret vitulum effe meram 
creaturam, et honore nullo dignum : quia geniculatio, five nos no- 
lumus, five volumus, ex inftituto Dei et naturae, in aftu religiofo, 
eft fymbolum religiofge adorationis. Ergo, ficut panis fignificat cor- 
pus Chrifti, etfi abfit a6lus omnis noftrae intentionis ; fic religiolh 
geniculatio, fublata omni intentione humana, eft externa adoratio 
panis, coram quo adoramus, ut coram figno vicario et reprxfentativo 

* I am able. f Chrift, who is my helper, at my fide. 

1637.] LETTER XCI. 237 

Dei. [As the religious homage done to an image, or even to ele- 
ments, is in itlelf an external aft of idolatry, in fo far as the aft is 
concerned, although the intention of fuch homage may be direfted 
to God the Great Firft Caufe, — fo the aft of kneeling to a piece of 
bread, feeing that, according to the ordinance, the whole man, in- 
ternal and external, ought to be engaged in the elementary iigns, 
is a relative aft of worfhip and an adoration of the bread itfelf. 
The reafon is : an intention to worfhip a material objeft is not of 
the efTence of external adoration, as appears in a religious aft of 
homage. Thus, the bending of the knee before the Babylonifh 
image is an external aft of worfhip, even though the three youths 
had no intention to worfhip any but the true God ; and in like 
manner, thofe who, from fear or the hope of reward or vain-glory, 
bend the knee to Jeroboam's golden calf (which the text clearly 
enough proclaims to have been done by the king himfelf, from no 
religious motive but the mere defire to rule), do pay adoration to the 
calf by the external aft, although, no doubt, they may fuppofe the 
calf a mere created objeft and unworthy of honour, — becaufe the 
aft of homage, whether we mean it or not, is, from the ordinance 
of God and nature, a fymbol of worfhip. Therefore, as the bread 
denotes the body of Chrift (even though that idea be not prefent to 
the mind), fo in like manner, kneeling, when ufed as a religious fer- 
vice, is the external adoration of that bread, in prefence of which 
we bow as before the delegated reprefentative of God, be our in- 
tention what it may.] 

Thus recommending you to God's tender mercy, I defire that 
you would remember me to God. Sanftification will fettle you 
moft in the truth. 

Grace be with you, Brother in Chrifl: Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

238 . LETTER XCII. [1637. 

XCII. — To Robert Gordon of K?iockbrex, 


Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. Though all 
Galloway ihould have forgotten me, I would have 
expected a letter from you ere now ; but I will not expound it to 
be forgetfulnefs of me. 

Now, my dear brother, I cannot fhow you how matters go 
betwixt Chrift and me. I find my Lord going and coming feven 
times a day. His vifits are fhort ; but they are both frequent and 
fweet. I dare not for my life think of a challenge of my Lord. I 
hear ill tales, and hard reports of Chrift, from The Tempter and my 
fiefh ; but love believeth no evil. I may fwear that they are liars, 
and that apprehenfions make lies of Chrift's honest and unalterable 
love to me. I dare not fay that I am a dry tree, or that I have no 
room at all in the vineyard ; but yet I often think that the fparrows 
are bleffed, who may refort to the houfe of God in Anwoth, from 
which I am baniftied. 

Temptations, that I fuppofed to be ftricken dead and laid upon 
their back, rife again and revive upon me ; yea, I fee that while I 
live, temptations will not die. The devil feemeth to brag and boaft 
as much as if he had more court with Chrift than I have ; and as if 
he had charmed and blafted my miniftry, that I fhall do no more 
good in public. But his wind ftiaketh no corn.* I will not believe 
that Chrift would have made fuch a mintf to have me to Himfelf, 
and have taken fo much pains upon me as He hath done, and then 
ilip fo eafily from pofTeffion, and lofe the glory of what He hath 
done. Nay, fince I came to Aberdeen, I have been taken up to fee 
the new land, the fair palace of the Lamb ; and will Chrift let me 
iee heaven, to break my heart, and never give it to me ? I fhall not 
think my Lord Jefus giveth a dumb earneft, or putteth His feals to 

* Does no harm. f An effort exprefTive of intention. 

1637.] LETTER XCIL 239 

blank paper, or intendeth to put me off with fair and falfe promifes. 
I fee that now which I never faw well before, (i.) I fee faith's 
necefTity in a fair day is never known aright ; but now I mifs nothing 
fb much as faith. Hunger in me runneth to fair and fweet promiles ; 
but when I come, I am like a hungry man that wanteth teeth, or a 
weak flomach having a fharp appetite that is filled with the very 
fight of meat, or like one ftupified with cold under the water, that 
would fain come to land, but cannot grip anything caften* to him. 
I can let Chrift grip* me, but I cannot grip Him. I love to be 
kiffed, and to fit on Chrift's knee ; but I cannot fet my feet to the 
ground, for affliftions bring the cramp upon my faith. All that I 
dow dof is to hold out a lame faith to Chrift, like a beggar holding 
out a ftump, inftead of an arm or leg, and cry, '' Lord Jefus, work 
a miracle ! " Oh, what would I give to have hands and arms to 
grip* ftrongly, and fold heartfomely about Chrift's neck, and to have 
my claim made good with real pofTefTion ! I think that my love to 
Chrift hath feet in abundance, and runneth fwiftly to be at Him, but 
it wanteth hands and fingers to apprehend Him. I think that I would 
give Chrift every morning my bleiTmg, to have as much faith as I have 
love and hunger ; at leaft, I mifs faith more than love or hunger. 

(2.) I fee that mortification, and to be crucified to the world, is 
not fo highly accounted of by us as it fhould be. Oh, how heavenly a 
thing it is to be dead, and dumb, and deaf to this world's fweet mufic ! 
I confefs it hath pleafed His Majefty to make me laugh at the children, 
who are wooing this world for their match. I see men lying about 
the world, as nobles about a king's court ; and I wonder what they 
are all doing there. As I am at this prefent, I would fcorn to 
court fuch a fecklefs J and petty princefs, or buy this world's kindnefs 
with a bow of my knee. I fcarce now either hear or fee what it is 
that this world ofFereth me ; I know that it is little which it can 
take from me, and as little that it can give me. I recommend mor- 
tification to you above anything ; for, alas ! we but chafe feathers 
flying in the air, and tire our own fpirits for the froth and over- 

Take faft hold of anything flung to him. f Am abk' to do. % Worthlefs. 

240 LETTER XCII. [1637. 

gilded clay of a dying life. One fight of what my Lord hath let 
me fee within this fhort time is worth a world of. worlds. 

(3.) I thought courage, in the time of trouble for Chrifl's fake, 
a thing that I might take up at my foot. I thought that the very 
remembrance of the honefty of the caufe would be enough. But I 
was a fool in fo thinking. I have much ado now to win to* one 
fmile. But I fee that joy groweth up in heaven, and it is above our 
fhort arm. Chrifl will be fleward and dilpenfer Himfelf, and none 
elfe but He ; therefore, now, 1 count much of one dramweight of 
fpiritual joy. One fmile of Chrift's face is now to me as a kingdom ; 
and yet He is no niggard to me of comforts. Truly I have no caufe 
to fay that I am pinched with penury, or that the confolations of 
Chrift are dried up : for He hath poured down rivers upon a dry 
wildernefs the like of me, to my admiration ; and in my very fwoon- 
ings. He holdeth up my head, and flayeth me with flagons of wine, 
and comforteth me with apples. My houfe and bed are ftrewed 
with kifl^es of love. Praife, praife with me. Oh, if ye and I betwixt 
us could lift up Chrifl: upon His throne, howbeit all Scotland fliould 
cafl: Him down to the ground ! 

My brother's cafe toucheth me near, I hope that ye will be 
kind to him, and give him your beft counfel. 

Remember my love to your brother, to your wife, and G. M.f 
Deflre him to be faithful, and to repent of his hypocrify ; and fay 
that I wrote it to you. I wifli him falvation. Write to me your 
mind anent C. E. and C. Y., and their wives, and I. G., or any 
others in my parifli. I fear that I am forgotten amongft them ; but 
I cannot forget them. 

The prifoner's prayers and blefl"mgs come upon you. Grace, 

grace be with you. 

Your brother, in the Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Feb. 9, 1637. 

* To get at. 

t All thofe whofe initials are given are underftood to have been parifhioners 
of his at Anwoth. 

1637.] LETTER XCIII. 241 

XCIII. — To the Honourable, and truly Noble Lady, the 
Viscountess of Kenmure. 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to your Ladyfhip. 
— I long to hear from you. 

I am here waiting, if a good wind, long looked for, 
will at length blow into Chrifl's fails, in this land. But I wonder 
if Jefus be not content to fuffer more yet in His members and caufe, 
and in the beauty of His houfe, rather than He ihould not be avenged 
upon this land. I hear that many worthy men, who fee more in 
the Lord's dealings than I can take up with my dim fight, are of 
a contrary mind, and do believe that the Lord is coming home again 
to His houfe in Scotland. I hope He is on His journey that way ; 
yet I look not but that He will feed this land with their own blood, 
before He eftablifh His throne amongil: us. 

I know that your honour is not looking after things hereaway.* 
Ye have no great caufe to think that your flock and principal is 
under the roof of thefe vifible heavens ; and I hope that ye would 
think yourfelf a beguiled and cozened foul if it were fb. I fhould 
be forry to counfel your Ladyfhip to make a covenant with time, 
and this life; but rather defire you to hold in fair generals, and 
afar off from this ill-founded heaven that is on this fide of the water. 
It fpeaketh fomewhat when our Lord bloweth the bloom off our 
daftf hopes in this life, and loppeth the branches off our worldly 
joys, well nigh the root, on purpofe that they fhould not thrive. 
Lord, fpillj my fool's heaven in this life, that I may be faved for 
ever. A forfeiture of the faint's part of the yolk and marrow of 
fhort-laughing worldly happinefs, is not fuch a real evil as our 
blinded eyes conceive. 

* In this quarter, this prefent world. 

t Blows off the bloflbm from our foolilh hopes. % Spoil, mar. 

VOL. I. Q 

242 LETTER XCIV. [1637. 

I am thinking long * now for fome deliverance more than before. 
But I know I am in an error. It is poflible I am not come to that 
meafure of trial which the Lord is feeking in His work. If my 
friends in Galloway would efFeftually dof for my deliverance, I 
fhould exceedingly rejoice ; but I know not but the Lord hath a 
way whereof He will be the only reaper of praifes. 

Let me know with the bearer how the child is. The Lord be 
his father and tutor, and your only comforter. There is nothing 
here, where I am, but profanity and atheifm. Grace, grace, be with 
your Ladyfhip. 

Your Ladyfhip's, at all obliged obedience, in Chrifl, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Feb. 13, 1637. 

XCIV. — To the Noble and Chriftiati Lady, the Viscountess of 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. I would 
not omit the occafion to write to your Ladyfhip with 
the bearer. I am glad that the child is well. God's 
favour, even in the eyes of men, be feen upon him ! 

I hope that your Ladyihip is thinking upon thefe fad and woful 
days wherein we now live, when our Lord, in His righteous judg- 
ment, is fending the kirk the gate:); fhe is going to Rome's brothel- 
houfe to feek a lover of her own, feeing that fhe hath given up 
with Chrifl her Hulband. Oh, what fweet comfort, what rich fal- 
vation, is laid up for thofe who had rather wafh and roll their 
garments in their own blood, than break out§ from Chrift by apos- 
tacy ! Keep yourfelf in the love of Chrift, and ftand far aback from 

* Am longing, f Adl for, make exertions. :{: The way. § Off^ probably. 

1637J LETTER XCIF. 243 

the pollutions of the world. Side not with thefe times, and hold off 
from coming nigh the figns of a confpiracy with thofe that are now 
come out againft Chrift, that ye may be one kept for Chrift only. 
I know that your Ladyfhip thinketh upon this, and how you may 
be humbled for yourfelf and this backfliding land ; for I avouch, 
that wrath from the Lord is gone out againfl Scotland. I think aye 
the longer the better of my royal and worthy Mafter. He is be- 
come a new Well-beloved to me now, in renewed confolations, by 
the prefence of the Spirit of grace and glory. Chrift's garments fmell 
of the powder of the merchant, when He cometh out of His ivory 
chambers. O, His perfumed face, His fair face, His lovely and 
kindly kiffes, have made me, a poor prifoner, fee that there is more 
to be had of Chrift in this life than I believed ! We think all is 
but a little earneft, a four-hours,* a fmall tafting, that we have, or 
that is to be had, in this life (which is true compared with the in- 
heritance) ; but yet I know it is more : it is the kingdom of God within 
us. Wo, wo is me, that I have not ten loves for that one Lord 
Jefus ; and that love faileth, and drieth up in loving Him ; and that 
I find no way to fpend my love defires, and the yolk of my heart 
upon that faireft and dearefl One. I am far behind with my narrow 
heart. O, how ebbf a foul have I to take in Chrift's love ! for 
let worlds be multiplied, according to angels' underftanding, in 
millions, whillj they weary themfelves, thefe worlds would not 
contain the thoufandth part of His love. O, if I could yoke in § 
amongft the thick || of angels, and feraphims, and now glorified 
faints, and could raife a new love-fong of Chrift, before all the 
world ! I am pained with wondering at new-opened treafures in 
Chrift. If every finger, member, bone, and joint, were a torch 
burning in the hottefi: fire in hell, I would that they could all fend 
out love praifes, high fongs of praife for evermore, to that Plant of 
Renown, to that royal and high Prince, Jefus my Lord. But alas ! 
His love fwelleth in me, and findeth no vent. Alas ! what can a 

* Afternoon meal. f Shallow. % Till. 

§ Join in with energy. || The crowd. 

244 LETTER XCF. [1637 

dumb prifoner do or fay for Him ! O for an ingine* to write a 
book of Chrift and His love ! Nay, I am left of Him bound and 
chained with His love. I cannot find a loofed foul to lift up His 
praifes, and give them out to others. But oh ! my day-light hath 
thick clouds ; I cannot fiiine in His praifes. I am often like a fhip 
plying about to feek the wind : I fail at great leifure, and cannot be 
blown upon that loveliefl Lord. Oh, if I could turn my fails to 
Chrift's right airth,f and that I had my heart's wifhes of His love ! 
But I but mar His praifes : nay, I know no companion of what 
Chrifl is, and what His worth is. All the angels, and all the glorified, 
praife Him not fo much as in halves. Who can advance Him, or 
utter all His praifes ? I want nothing : unknown faces favour me : 
enemies mufi: fpeak good of the truth : my Mafier's caufe pur- 
chafeth commendations. 

The hopes of my enlargement, from appearances, are cold. My 
faith hath no bed to fleep upon but omnipotency. The good-will 
of the Lord, and His fweetefi: prefence, be with you and that child. 
Grace and peace be yours. 

Your Ladyfhip's, in all duty in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

XCV. — To the Right Honourable and Chrijlian Lady, the 
Viscountess of Kenmure. 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to your Ladyfhip. 
I would not omit to write a line with this Chrifiian 
bearer ; one in your Ladyfhip's own cafe, driven near 
to Chrift, in and by her affliftion. I wifh that my friends in Gallo- 

*" Power or faculty. f Point of the compafs. 

1637.] LETTER XCV, 245 

way forget me not. However it be, Chrift is fo good, I will have 
no other tutor, fuppofel could have wale* and choice often thoufand 
befide. I think now five hundred heavy hearts for Him too little. 
I wilh that Chrift, now weeping, fufFering, and contemned of men, 
were more dear and defirable to many fouls than He is. I am 
fure that if the faints wantedf Chrift's crofs, fo profitable, and fo 
fweet, they might, for the gain and glory of it, wifh it were lawful 
either to buy or borrow His crofs. But it is a mercy that the 
laints have it laid to their hand for nothing ; for I know no fweeter 
way to heaven than through free grace and hard trials together ; 
and one of thefe cannot well want another. 

Oh that time would pofl f after, and haft en our looked-for com- 
munion with that faireft, faireft among the fons of men ! Oh that 
the day would favour us and come, and put Chrift and us into each 
other's arms ! I am fure that a few years will do our turn, and the 
foldier's hour-glafs will foon run out. Madam, look to your lamp, 
and look for your Lord's Coming, and let your heart dwell aloof 
from that fweet child. Chrift's jealoufy will not admit of two equal 
loves in your Ladyfhip's heart. He muft have one, and that the 
greateft ; a little one to a creature may and muft fufiice a foul mar- 
ried to Him. " Thy Maker is thine Hufband."J I would wifti you 
well, and my obligations thefe many years byegone§ fpeak nolefs to 
me ; but more I can neither wifti, nor pray, nor defire for your 
Ladyftiip, than Chrift fnigled and waled || out from all created good 
things, or Chrift howbeit wet in His own blood, and wearing a 
crown of thorns. I am fure that the faints, at their beft, are but 
ftrangers to the weight and worth of the incomparable fweetnefs of 
Chrift. He is fo new, fo frefti in excellency every day of new, to 
thofe that fearch more and more in Him, as if heaven could furnifli 
us as many new Chrifts (if I may fo fpeak) as there are days be- 
twixt Him and us -, and yet He is one and the fame. Oh, we love 
an unknown lover when we love Chrift ! 

* Liberty of feleding from a ftorc. f \Vere deftitute of. :;: Ifa. liv. 5. 
§ Pafled. II Selected. 

246 LETTER XCVL [1637. 

Let me hear how the child is every way. The prayers of a 
prifoner of Chrifl be upon him. Grace for evermore, even whill* 
glory perfect it, be with your Ladyfhip. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

XCVL — To the Noble and Chri/lian Lady, the Viscountess of 


ADAM, — Notwithftanding the great hafte of the bearer, 
I would blefs your Ladyfhip on paper, defiring, that 
fmce Chrift hath ever envied that the world fhould have 
your love by Him,f that ye give yourfelf out for Chrift, and that ye 
may be for no other. I know none worthy of you but Chrilf. 

Madam, I am either fuffering for Chrift — and this is either the 
fure and good way — or I have done with heaven, and fhall never fee 
God's face, which, I blefs Him, cannot be. 

I write my blelling to that fweet child, that ye have borrowed 
from God. He is no heritage to you, but a loan : love him as folks 
do borrowed things. My heart is heavy for you. 

They fay that the kirk of Chrift hath neither fon nor heir, and 
therefore that her enemies fhall pofTefs her. But I know that fhe 
is not that J ill-friended ; § her Huiband is her heir, and ihe His 

If my Lord would be pleafed, I fhould defire that fome be dealt 
with, for my return to Anwoth. But if that never be, I thank God 
Anwoth is not heaven ; preaching is not Chrift. I hope to wait on. 

Let me hear how your child is, and your Ladyfhip's mind and 
hopes of him ; for it would eafe my heart to know that he is well. 

* Till. t More than He, or to the fetting Him afide. 

X So. § Deftitute of friends. 

1637.J LETTER XCVII. 247 

I am in good terms with Chrill -, but oli, my guiltinels ! Yet 
He bringeth not pleas betwixt Him and me to the ftreets, and before 
the fun. 

Grace, grace for ever more be with your Ladyfhip. 
Your Ladyfhip's at all obedience in Chrifl, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

XCVII. — To Alexander Gordon of Earlston. 


UCH HONOURED SIR,— Grace, mercy, and peace 
be to you. I received your letter, which refrefhed me. 
Except from your fon, and my brother, I have feen few 
letters from my acquaintance in that country ; which maketh me 
heavy. But I have the company of a Lord who can teach us all 
to be kind, and hath the right gate* of it. Though, for the pre- 
fent, I have feven ups and downs every day, yet I am abundantly 
comforted and feafted with my Eang and Well-beloved daily. It 
pleafeth Him to come and dine with a fad prifoner, and a folitary 
ftranger. His fpikenard cafteth a fmell. Yet my fweet hath fome 
four mixed with it, wherein I muft acquiefce ; for there is no reafon 
that His comforts be too cheap, feeing they are delicates. Why 
fhould He not make them fo to His own ? But I verily think now, 
that Chrift hath led me up to a nickf in Chriftianity that I was never 
at before ; I think all before was but childhood and bairn's play. 
Since I departed from you, I have been fcalded, whillj the fmoke 
of hell's fire went in at my throat, and I would have bought peace 
with a thoufand years' torment in hell ; and I have been up alfo, 
after thefe deep down-caftings and forrows, before the Lamb's 

* Way. t A point. % Till. 

248 LETTER XCVIL [1637. 

white throne, in my Father's inner court, the Great ICing's dining- 
hall. And Chrift did cafl a covering of love on me. He hath caflen 
a coal into my foul, and it is fmoking among the ftraw and keeping 
the hearth warm. I look back to what I was before, and I laugh 
to fee the fand-houfes I built when I was a child. 

At firft the remembrance of the many fair feaft-days with my 
Lord Jefus in public, which are now changed into filent Sabbaths, 
raifed a great tempeft, and (if I may fpeak fo) made the devil ado* 
in my foul. The devil came in, and would prompt me to make a 
pleaf with Chrift, and to lay the blame on Him as a hard mafter. 
But now thefe mifts are blown away, and I am not only filenced as 
to all quarrelling, but fully fatisfied. Now, I wonder that any man 
living can laugh upon the world, or give it a hearty good-day. 
The Lord Jefus hath handled me fo, that, as I am now difpofed, I 
think never to be in this world's commons { again for a night's lodg- 
ing. Chrifl beareth me good company. He hath eafed me, when 
I faw it not, lifting the crofs off my fhoulders, fo that I think it to 
be but a feather, becaufe underneath are everlafting arms. God 
forbid it come to bartering or niffering§ of crolTes ; for I think my 
crofs fo fweet, that I know not where I would get the like of it. 
Chrifl's honey-combs drop fo abundantly, that they fweeten my gall. 
Nothing breaketh my heart, but that I cannot get the daughters of 
Jerufalem to tell them of my Bridegroom's glory. I charge you in 
the name of Chrift, that ye tell all that ye come to of it ; and yet it 
is above telling and underftanding. Oh, if all the kingdom were as 
I am, except my bonds ! They know not the love-kilTes that my 
only Lord Jefus wafteth on a dawtedii prilbner. On my falvation, 
this is the only way to the New City. I know that Chrift hath no 
dumb feals. Would he put His privy-feal upon blank paper ^ He 
hath fealed my fufferings with His comforts. I write this to con- 
firm you. I write now what I have ieen as well as heard. Now 
and then my filence burneth up my fpirit ; but Chrifl hath faid, 

* Artir. See Let. 181, note. f Controverfy. % Under obligation to. 
ij Exchanging. jl Fondled. 

1 63 7-] LETTER XCVIII. 249 

" Thy ftipend is running up with intereft in heaven, as if thou wert 
preaching;" and this from a King's mouth rejoiceth my heart. At 
other times I am fad, dwelling in Kedar's tents. 

There are none (that I yet know of) but two perfons in this 
town that I dare give my word for. And the Lord hath removed 
my brethren and my acquaintance far from me ; and it may be, that 
I fhall be forgotten in the place where the Lord made me the in- 
If rument to do fome good. But I fee that this is vanity in me ; let 
Him make of me what He pleafeth, if He make falvation out of it to 
me. I am tempted and troubled, that all the fourteen prelates* 
fhould have been armed of God againft me only, while the reft of 
my brethren are flill preaching. But I dare not fay one word but 
this, " It is good. Lord Jefus, becaufe Thou half done it." 

Wo is me for the virgin-daughter ! wo is me for the defolation 
of the vir^n-daughter of Scotland ! Oh, if my eyes were a foun- 
tain of tears, to weep day and night for that poor widow-kirk, that 
poor miferable harlot ! Alas, that my Father hath put-to f the door 
on my poor harlot-mother ! Oh for J that cloud of black wrath, 
and fury of the indignation of the Lord, that is hanging over the land ! 

Sir, write to me, I befeech you. I pray you alfo be kind to my 
alfli6fed brother. Remember my love to your wife ; and the prayer 
and blefling of the prifoner of Chrift be on you. Frequent your 
meetings for prayer and communion with God : they would be 
fweet meetings to me. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Feb. 16, 1637. 

XCVIIL — To the Worthy and much Honoured Mr Alexander 
CoLViLLE of Blair. 

[Alexander Colville of Blair (which is in the parish of Camock, 
Fifefhire) early commended himfelf to the gratitude of Rutherford by be- 

* Sec note Let. 68. f Shut. j Alas! for. 

250 LETTER XCVIIL [1637. 

friending him under prelatic periecutions. When Rutherford in 1630 was 
fummoned before the High Gommiflion Court, this gentleman, being one of 
the judges, fo exerted himfelf in his behalf, that his influence, together with 
the abfence of the Archbifhop of St Andrews (whom the tempeftuous ftate 
of the weather prevented from attending), occalioned the defertion of the diet, 
and put a ftop to the proceedings againft the obnoxious minifter. (See Letter 
XI.) As we learn from this letter, he alfo fhowed much kindnefsto Ruther- 
ford's brother on his trial before the High Commiflion in November 1636, for 
his non-conformity and zealous fupport of Mr Glendinning, the injured minifter 
of Kirkcudbright. Colville was an elder of the Church, and his name appears 
on the roll of the members of the General Aflemblies 1645, 1646, 1648, and 
1649, ^'^^ of the Commiflions appointed by thefe Aflemblies. In the roll he 
is ftyled ** Mr Alexander Colville, Juftice-Depute." We find him after this, 
in co-operation with another individual, delating Mr Robert Bruce, minifter 
of Ballagray, of which they were parifhioners, on the ground that they were 
not edified by his doctrine.] 


UCH HONOURED SIR,— Grace, mercy, and peace 
be to you. The bearer hereof, Mr R. F., is moft kind 
to me •, I defire you to thank him. But none is fo kind 
as my only royal King and Mafler, whofe crofs is my garland. 
The ICing dineth with His prifoner, and His fpikenard cafteth a 
fmell. He hath led me up to fuch a pitch and nick* of joyful 
communion with Himfelf, as I never knew before. When I look 
back to by-gones,f I judge myfelf to have been a child at A, B, C, 
with Chrift. Worthy Sir, pardon me, I dare not conceal it from 
you ; it is as a fire in my bowels. (In His prefence who feeth me I 
speak it !) I am pained, pained with the love of Chrift; He hath 
made me fick, and wounded me. Hunger for Chrift outrunneth 
faith •, I mifs faith more than love. Oh, if the three kingdoms 
would come and fee ! Oh, if they knew His kindnefs to my foul ! 
It hath pleafed Him to bring me to this, that I will not ftrike fails 
to this world, nor flatter it, nor adore this clay idol that fools wor- 
Ihip. As I am now difposed, I think that I fhall neither borrow 

* Degree. t Things pafled, former attainments. 


1 63 7-] LETTER XCIX. 251 

nor lend * with it ; and yet I get my meat from Chrift with nurture ;f 
for feven times a-day I am lifted up, and caflen down. My dumb 
Sabbaths burden my heart, and make it bleed. I want not fearful 
challenges, and jealoufies;]: fometimes of Chrift's love, that He hath 
caften me over the dyke § of the vineyard as a dry tree. But this is 
my infirmity. By His grace I take myfelf || in thefe ravings. It is 
kindly 5[ that faith and love both be fick, and fevers are kindly to 
moll joyful communion with Chrift. 

Ye are blefTed who avouch Chrift openly before The Prince of 
this kingdom, whofe eyes are upon you. It is your glory to lift 
Him up on His throne, to carry His train, and bear up the hem of 
His robe royal. He hath an hiding-place for Mr Alexander Col- 
ville againfl the florm : go on, and fear not what man can do. The 
faints feem to have the worfl of it (for apprehenfion can make a lie 
of Chrift and His love) ; but it is not fo. Providence is not rolled 
upon unequal and crooked wheels ; all things work together for the 
good of thofe who love God, and are called according to His purpofe. 
Ere it be long, we fhall fee the white fide of God's providence. 

My brother's cafe hath moved me not a little. He wrote to 
me your care and kindnefs. Sir, the prifoner's bleffings and prayers, 
I truft, fhall not go pafl you. He that is able to keep you, and to 
prefent you before the prefence of His face with joy, eflabliih your 
heart in the love of Chrift. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, „ „ 

Aberdeen, i()th Feb. 1637. 

XCIX. — To Earlston, Touriger. 

[William Gordon, to whom this letter is addrefled, was the eldeft fon 
of Alexander Gordon of Earlfton, formerly noticed (Let. 59). He exhi- 

* That is, have no dealings with it. 

t Difcipline ; fuch as a child gets when training. 

X Queftionings and fufpicions. § The dry wall. || Retradt my word. 

1 According to nature. 

252 LETTER XCIX. [1637. 

bited in youth much of the piety and public fpirit of his father, which 
Rutherford, in his correfpondence with him, is careful to ftrengthen. His 
well-known attachment to the caufe of Prefb\i;ery rendered him early obnoxi- 
ous to Charles II. and the Malignant party. "When that monarch came to 
Scotland in 1 65 1 , and held a Parliament, Gordon (like many other gentlenien 
within the kingdom) was fined for his compliance with the Englifh ; and on 
his refufing to pay the fine, foldiers were fent out to extraA it by compulfion 
from his tenants, who were almoft ruined by the driving away of their cattle 
and the robbing of their houfes. He was again fined by Middleton, in the 
Parliament 1662. But ftill further: he was fummoned before the Privy 
Council; and on the ist of March 1664, fentence of banifhment from the 
kingdom was pronounced upon him for keeping conventicles, and for refufing 
to engage to refi-ain from fuch meetings in all time coming. He accordingly 
left the kingdom. \'\'hither he went we have not difcovered ; but the Coun- 
cil, on being petitioned, granted him licenfe to return until the 15th of March 
enfuing, at the fame time requiring him to ** depart and remain forth of the 
kingdom the faid day, in cafe the faid Lords give order therefor." {Deer. 
Seer. Couneil, Regi/ier Houfe^ Edin.) After this he remained at home, but had 
not long to live. He died a martyr in the caufe of religious freedom, of 
which he had proved a noble defender during life. Coming up to join the 
forces of the Covenanters at Bothwell, in the beginning of the year 1679, ^^^^ 
the defeat (either on the day of it, or the day after), he was met near the place 
by a party of Englifh dragoons, who, upon his refufing to furrender, killed him 
on the fpot. *' Thus fell," fays Howie, in the Scots Worthies ^ ** a renowned 
Gordon, one whofe charader at prefent I am in no capacity to defcribe ; only 
I may venture to fay, that he was a gentleman of good parts and endo\\Tnents ; 
a man devoted unto religion and godlinefs , and a prime fupporter of the Prefby- 
terian intereft in that part of the countr)- where he lived." He was married to 
Mary, daughter of Sir John Hope, fecond baronet of Craighall, and Prefident 
of the Court of SeflTion, by his v^-ife Margaret, daughter of Sir Archibald 
Murray of Blackbarony. His eldeft fon, Alexander, fucceeded him.] 



mercy, and peace be to you. I received your letter, 

which refrefhed my foul. 
I thank God that the court is clofed •, I think fhame of my 
part of it. I pafs now from my unjuft lummons of unkindnels 
libelled againft Chrifl: my Lord. He is not fuch a Lord and Mafter 


t637.] letter XCIX. 253 

as I took Him to be -, verily He is God, and I am diifl: and afhes. 
I took Chrift's glooms * to be as good as Scripture fpeaking wrath -, 
but I have feen the other fide of Chrifl:, and the white fide of His 
crofs now. I behoved to come to Aberdeen to learn a new myftery 
in Chrifl, that His promife is better to be believed than His looks, 
and that the devil can caufe Chrift's glooms* to fpeak a lie to a 
weak man. Nay, verily, I was a child before : all by-gonesf are but 
bairn's play. I would I could begin to be a Chriftian in fad J earneft. 
I need not blame Chrift if I be not one, for He hath fhowed me 
heaven and hell in Aberdeen. But the truth is, for all my forrow, 
Chrift is nothing in my debt, for comforts have refrefhed my foul. 
I have heard and feen Him in His fweetnefs, fo as I am almoft fay- 
ing, it is not He that I was wont to meet with. He fmileth more 
cheerfully. His kiffes are more fweet and foul-refrefhing than the 
kiffes of the Chrift I faw before were, though He be the fame. Or 
rather, the King hath led me up to a meafure of joy and communion 
with my Bridegroom that I never attained to before, fo that often I 
think that I will neither borrow nor lend with this world. § I will 
not ftrike fail to croifes, nor flatter them to be quit of them, as I 
have done. Come all croffes, welcome, welcome ! fo that I may 
get my heartful of my Lord Jefus. I have been fo near Him, that 
I have faid, " I take inftruments that this is the Lord. Leave a 
token behind Thee, that I may never forget this." Now, what can 
Chrift do more to dawt || one of His poor prifoners ? Therefore, 
Sir, I charge you in the name of my Lord Jefus, praife with me, 
and fhow unto others what He hath done unto my foul. This is 
the fruit of my fufferings, that I defire Chrift's name may be fpread 
abroad in this kingdom, in my behalf. I hope in God not to flander 
Him again. Yet in this, I get not my feafts without fome mixture 
of gall ; neither am I free of old jealoufies, for He hath removed 
my lovers and friends far from me ; He hath made my congrega- 
tion defolate, and taken away my crown. And my dumb Sabbaths 
are like a ftone tied to a bird's foot, that wanteth not wings, — they 

* Frowns, t The paft matters. X Settled. § Let. 98. || Dote upon, fondle. 

254 LETTER XCIX. [1637. 

feem to hinder me to fly, were it not that I dare not fay one word, 
but, " Well done, Lord Jefus." 

We can, in our profperity, fport ourfelves, and be too bold with 
Chrifl: ; yea, be that * infolent, as to chide with Him -, but under the 
water we dare not fpeak. I wonder now of my fometimef bold- 
nefs, to chide and quarrel Chrift, to nickname providence when it 
ftroked me againfl the hair ; for now, fwimming in the waters, I 
think my will is fallen to the ground J of the water : I have lofl: it. 
I think that I would fain let Chrift alone, and give Him leave to do 
with me what He pleafeth, if He would fmile upon me. Verily, 
we know not what an evil it is to fpill § and indulge ourfelves, and 
to make an idol of our will. I was once that I would not eat ex- 
cept I had waled j; meat ; now I dare not complain of the crumbs 
and parings under His table. I was once that I would make the 
houfe ado, f if I faw not the world carved and fet in order to my 
liking ; now I am filent when I fee God hath fet fervants on horfe- 
back, and is fattening and feeding the children of perdition. I pray 
God, that I may never find my will again. Oh, if Chrift would fub- 
je<5l my will to His, and trample it under His feet, and liberate me 
from that lawlefs lord ! 

Now, Sir, in your youth gather fail ; your fun will mount to 
the meridian quickly, and thereafter decline. Be greedy of grace. 
Study above anything, my dear brother, to mortify your lufl:s. Oh, 
but pride of youth, vanity, luft, idolizing of the world, and charm- 
ing pleafures, take long time to root them out ! As far as ye are 
advanced in the way to heaven, as near as ye are to Chrifl, as much 
progrefs as ye have made in the way of mortification, ye will find 
that ye are far behind, and have mofl: of your work before you. I 
never took it to be fo hard to be dead to my lufts and to this world. 
When the day of vifitation cometh, and your old idols come weep- 
ing about you, ye will have much ado** not to break your heart : 

* So. t Former. % Bottom. § Spoil. 

II Carefully feleded. t Aftir. 

** Troublefome occupation. ^^ Ado" here is a noun; in the phrafe, 
** make the houfe ado," it is an adjedtive. 

1637-] LETTER C. 255 

it is beft to give up in time with them, fo as ye could at a call quit 
your part of this world for a drink of water, or a thing of nothing. 
Verily I have feen the beft of this world, a moth-eaten, threadbare 
coat : I purpofe to lay it afide, being now old and full of holes. 
O for my houfe above, not made with hands ! 

Pray for Chrift's prifoner : and write to me. Remember my 
love to your mother. Defire her, from me, to make ready for re- 
moving ; the Lord's tide will not bide her : and to feek an heavenly 
mind, that her heart may be often there. Grace be with you. 
Yours, and Chrift's prifoner, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen', FeL 20, 1637. 

C. — To the Lady Cardoness. 



THE LORD, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — 
I long to hear how your foul profpereth, and how the 
kingdom of Chrift thriveth in you. I exhort you and befeech you 
in the bowels of Chrifl, faint not, weary not. There is a great 
neceiTity of heaven ; ye muft needs have it. All other things, as 
houfes, lands, children, hufband, friends, country, credit, health, 
wealth, honour, may be wanted ; but heaven is your one thing 
neceflary, the good part that fhall not be taken from you. See that 
ye buy the field where the pearl is. Sell all, and make a purchafe 
of falvation. Think it not eafy ; for it is a Heep afcent to eternal 
glory : many are lying dead by the way, that were flain with fecurity. 
I have now been led by my Lord Jefus to fuch a nick* in 
Chrlftianity, as I think little of former things. Oh what I want ! 
I want fo many things, that I am almofl afking if I have anything 

* Degree, point. 

256 LETTER C. [1637. 

at all. Every man thinketh he is rich enough in grace, till he 
take out his purfe, and tell his money, and then he iindeth his pack 
but poor and light in the day of a heavy trial. I found that I had 
not to bear my expenfes ; and I fhould have fainted, if want and 
penury had not chafed me to the ftore-houfe of all. 

I befeech you make confcience of your ways. Deal kindly, and 
with confcience, with your tenants. To fill a breach, or a hole, 
make not a greater breach in the confcience. I wifh plenty of love 
to your foul. Let the world be the portion of baftards, make it 
not yours. After the lafl: trumpet is blown, the world and all its 
glory will be like an old houfe that is burnt to afhes, and like an 
old fallen caflle, without a roof. Fy, fy upon us, fools ! who 
think ourfelves debtors to the world ! My Lord hath brought me 
to this, that I would not give a drink of cold water for this world's 
kindnefs. I wonder that men long after, love, or care for thefe 
feathers. It is almoft an unco* world to me. To think that men 
are fo mad as to blockf with dead earth ! To give out confcience, 
and get in clay again, is a flrange bargain ! 

I have written my mind at length to your hufband. Write to 
me again his cafe. I cannot forget him in my prayers ; I am look- 
ing.:}: Chrifl hath fome claim to him. My counfel is, that ye bear 
with him when paffion overtaketh him : "A foft anfwer putteth 
away wrath." Anfwer him in what he fpeaketh, and apply yourfelf 
in the fear of God to him ; and then ye will remove a pound 
weight of your heavy crofs, that way, and fo it fhall become light. 

When Chrifl hideth Himfelf, wait on, and make din till He re- 
turn ; it is not time then to be careleflly patient. I love to be grieved 
when He hideth His fmiles. Yet believe His love in a patient on- 
waiting and believing in the dark. Ye muft learn to fwim and hold 
up your head above the water, even when the fenfe of His prefence 
is not with you to hold up your chin. I truft in God that He will 
bring your (hip fafe to land. I counfel you to ftudy fan(5fification, 
and to be dead to this world. Urge kindnefs on Knockbrex. 

* Strange. f Bargain. :j: For an anfwer, Ps. v. 3. ' 

1 63 7-] LETTER CI, 257 

Labour to benefit by his company ; the man is acquainted with 

I beg the help of your prayers, for I forget not you. Counfel 
your hulband to fulfil my joy, and to feek the Lord's face. Show 
him, from me, that my joy and defire is to hear that he is in the 
Lord. God cafleth him often in my mind : I cannot forget him. 
I hope Chrift and he have fomething to do together. Blefs John 
from me. I write bleflings to him, and to your huiband, and to the 
reft of your children. Let it not be faid, " I am not in your houfe," 
through negleft of the Sabbath exercife. 

Your lawful and loving paftor in his only, only Lord, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Feb. 20, 1637. 

CL — To JoNET Macculloch. 

[No doubt this lady was one of the Maccullochs of Ard<welly a. refidence 
near Anwoth, next to Cardonefs, and to this day in pofleflion of the fame 
family. The Letter, 284, to Mr Thomas Macculloch oi Nether Ard^juell^ re- 
lates apparently to another of the fame houfe. The houfe is very pleafantly 
fituated near the mouth of the Fleet. The old manhon-houfe of Ardwell, or 
Ardwall, bore the name ^^ Nether Ardwell;" it occupied a fpot about a 
hundred yards diftant from the prefent manlion, lying toward the fhore, a 
little below where the bay has received the waters of the Fleet. ^^ Higher 
Ardwell" was toward the north: a farm near Bufhy Bield (Rutherford's old 
manse, which was originally a manfion-houfe) ftill bears that name. The 
family of the Maccullochs, who were intimate with Rutherford, ftill retain 
the property. They are an ancient family; for William Macculloch got a feu- 
charter of the lands of Nether Ardwell from his coufm, or uncle, Macculloch 
of Cardonefs and Myreton, in 1587. It is the wife of this William Mac- 
culloch, in all probability, of whom the following lines fpeak, on the tomb at 
the fouth fide of the raifed pile in the old Churchyard : — 
** Dumb, fenfelefs ftatue of a painted ftone, 

W hat means this boaft ? Thy captive is but clay. 

Thou gaineft nothing but fome lifelefs bones ; 

Her choiceft part, her foul, triumphs for aye. 

Then, gazing friends, do not her death deplore ; 

You lofe, while fhe doth gain for evermore. 
VOL. 1. R 

258 LETTER CI. [1637. 

^* Margrat Maklellan, goodwife of Ardwell, departed this life 1620. 
^tatis fuas 31." 

We may add, the grand-daughter of this lady, to whom the lines on the 
monument refers, was mother of the martyr, John Bell of Whytefide.] 


I EAR SISTER, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — 
I long to hear how your foul profpereth. 

I am as well as a prifoner of Chrift can be, feafted 
and made fat with the comforts of God. Chrift's kifTes are made 
fweeter to my foul than ever they were. I would not change my 
Mafter with all the kings of clay upon the earth. Oh ! my Well 
beloved is altogether lovely, and loving. I care not what flefh can 

I perfuade my foul that I delivered the truth of Chrift to you. 
Slip not from it, for any bofts* or fear of men. If ye go againft 
the truth of Chrift that I now fufFer for, I ftiall bear witnefs againft 
you in the day of Chrift. 

Sifter, faften your grips f faft on Chrift. Follow not the guifesj 
of this fmful world. Let not this clay portion of earth take up your 
foul : it is the portion of baftards, and ye are a child of God ; and, 
therefore, feek your Father's heritage. Send up your heart to fee 
the dwelling-houfe and fair rooms in the New City. Fy, fy upon 
thofe who cry, " Up with the world, and down with confcience 
and heaven ! " We have bairn's wits, and therefore we cannot 
prize Chrift aright. Counfel your huiband, and mother, to make 
them ready for eternity. That day is drawing nigh. 

Pray for me, the prifoner of Chrift. I cannot forget you. 
Your lawful paftor and brother, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Fe6. 20, 1637. 

* Threatened blows; often written boiji. t Your hold. 

X Ways ; mapper, (French). 

1637.] LETTER CII. 259 

CII. — To Alexander Gordon of Knockgray. 

[Knockgray is a farm-like houfe, enclofed by trees, at the foot of the hills 
of Carfphaim. It is on your right hand, coming from Earlfton to Carfphaim, 
after parting the little hill of Dundeiich. ^^ Alexander Gordon of Knockgray," 
fays Livingftone, who perfonally knew him, *^ was a rare Chriftian in his time. 
His chief, the Laird of Lochinvar, put him out of his land mollly for his 
religion ; yet, being thereafter reftored by that man's fon. Lord Vifcount of 
Kenmure, he told me the Lord had blefled him, fo as he had ten thoufand 
fheep." {Seled Biograph, vol. i.) From what Rutherford fays in a fubfequent 
letter addrefled to him — ^* Chrill's ways were known to you long before I 
(who am but a child) knew anything of Him," — it may be concluded that 
he was much older than Rutherford. As, therefore, Rutherford was born 
about the year 1600, and Gordon many years before, there is reafon to 
believe that the following ad of Privy Council may refer to Gordon's fon, 
and not to himfelf : ^^ Ordaining thebaillies of the Canongate to fet at liberty 
Alexander Gordon, defigned of Knockgray, in regard they find he is not an 
heritor, that he is an old dying man, and has renounced in the King's favours, 
or his donator, any lands he had the time of the rebellion, and has given 
bond to appear when called." {Deer. Seer. Cone.) At any rate the venerable 
old man, to whom this ad: refers, was apprehended in his own houfe by one 
Captain Stuart ; by whom alfo he feems to have been carried to Edinburgh, 
and there incarcerated. Alexander, his fon (the grandfon of Rutherford's 
correfpondent), had alfo his own fhare of perfecution under the intolerant 
reign of Charles H. He fuffered much by garrifons put into his houfe, by 
the houfehold articles which they carried away, and by the forfeiture of his 
property, which was gifted to Lord Livingftone. (JVodro'TLV, MSS., vol. 


EAR BROTHER, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. 
I long to hear how your foul profpereth. I expefted 
letters from you ere now. 
As for myfelf, I am here in good cafe, well feafted with a great 
King. At my coming here, I was that bold * as to take up a jealoufyf 

* Bold to fuch an extent that. t Sufpicion. 

26o LETTER CII. [1637. 

of Chrifl's love. I faid I was caft over the dyke of the Lord's vine- 
yard, as a dry tree ; but I fee that if I had been a withered branch, 
the fire would have burned me long ere now. Bleffed be His high 
name, who hath kept fap in the dry tree. And now, as if Chrift 
hath done the wrong. He hath made the mends, and hath mifkent* 
my ravings ; for a man under the water cannot well command his 
wit, far lefs his faith and love. Because it was a fever, my Lord 
Jefus forgave me that amongft the reft. He knoweth that in our 
affliftions we can find a fpot in the faireft face that ever was, even 
in Chrift's face. I would not have believed that a gloomf fhould 
have made me to mi{ken:f my old Mafter ; but we muft be whiles § 
fick. Sicknefs is but kindly || to both faith and love. But O how 
exceedingly is a poor dawted f prifoner obliged to fweet Jefus ! My 
tears are fweeter to me than the laughter of the Fourteen Prelates 
is to them. The worft of Chrift, even His chaff, is better than the 
world's corn. 

Dear Brother, I befeech you, I charge you in the name and 
authority of the Son of God, to help me to praife His Highnefs ; 
and I charge you, alfo, to tell all your acquaintance, that my Master 
may get many thanks. Oh, if my hairs, all my members, and all 
my bones, were well-tuned tongues, to fmg the high praifes of my 
great and glorious I^ng ! Help me to lift Chrift up upon His 
throne, and to lift Him up above the thrones of the clay-kings, the 
dying fceptre-bearers of this world. The prifoner's blefling, the 
blefling of him that is feparate from his brethren, be upon them 
all who will lend me a lift in this work. Show this to that people 
with you to whom I fometimes preached. 

Brother, my Lord hath brought me to this, that I will not 
flatter the world for a drink of water. I am no debtor to clay •, 
Chrift hath made me dead to that. I now wonder that ever I was 
fuch a child, long fmce, as to beg at fuch beggars ! Fy upon us, 
who woo fuch a black-fkinned harlot, when we may get fuch a 

* Overlooked, as if He did not know. f Frown. % Overlook. 

§ At times. || Quite natural. ^ Fondled. 

1637.] LETTER cm. 261 

fair, fair match in heaven ! Oh that I could give up this clay-idol, 
this mafked, painted, over-gilded dirt, that Adam's fons adore ! 
We make an idol of our will. As many lufts in us, as many gods ; 
we are all godmakers. We are like to lofe Chrift, the true God, in 
the throng of thofe new and falfe gods. Scotland hath caft her 
crown off her head ; the vir^n-daughter hath loft her garland. 
Wo, wo to our harlot-mother. Our day is coming ; a time when 
women fhall wifh they had been childlefs, and fathers fhall blefs 
mifcarrying wombs and dry breafts : many houfes great and fair 
fhall be defolate. This kirk fhall fit on the ground all the night, 
and the tears fhall run down her cheeks. The fun hath gone down 
upon her prophets. BlefTed are the prifoners of hope, who can run 
into their ilronghold, and hide themfelves for a little, till the indigna- 
tion be overpafl. 

Commend me to your wife, your daughters, your fon-in-law, 
and to A. T. Write to me the cafe of your kirk. Grace be with 

I am much moved for my brother. I entreat for your kindnefs 
and counfel to him. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Feb. 23, 1637. 

CIII. — To the Lady Cardoness, Elder. 



— Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. I long to hear 
from you on paper, that I may know how your foul 
profpereth. My defire and longing is to hear that ye walk in the 
truth, and that ye are content to follow the defpised, but moft lovely 
Son of God. 

262 LETTER CIII. [1637. 

I cannot but recommend Him unto you, as your Huiband, your 
Well-Beloved, your Portion, your Comfort, and your Joy. I fpeak 
this of that lovely One, becaufe I praife and commend the ford (as 
we ufe to fpeak) as I find it. He hath watered with His fweet 
comforts an oppreffed prifoner. He was always kind to my foul ; 
but never fo kind as now, in my greateft extremities. I dine and 
fup with Chrifl. He vifiteth my foul with the vifitations of love, in 
the night-watches. 

I perfuade my foul that this is the way to heaven, and His own 
truth I now fufFer for. I exhort you in the name of Chrift to con- 
tinue in the truth which I delivered unto you. Make Chrifl fure to 
your foul ; for your day draweth nigh to an end. Many Aide back 
now, who feemed to be Chrift's friends, and prove difhoneft to 
Him ; but be ye faithful to the death, and ye fhall have the crown 
of life. This fpan-length of your days (whereof the Spirit of God 
fpeaketh,*) shall, within a fhort time, come to a finger-breadth, and 
at length to nothing. O how fweet and comfortable will the 
feafi: of a good confcience be to you, when your eye-ftrings fhall 
break, your face wax pale, and the breath turn cold, and your poor 
foul come fighing to the windows of the houfe of clay of your dying 
body, and fhall long to be out, and to have the jailor to open the 
door, that the prifoner may be fet at liberty ! Ye draw nigh the 
water-fide : look your accounts ; afk for your Guide to take you to 
the other fide. Let not the world be your portion ; what have ye 
to do with dead clay ? Ye are not a bafi:ard, but a lawfully be- 
gotten child ; therefore, fet your heart on the inheritance. Go up 
beforehand, and fee your lodging. Look through all your Father's 
rooms in heaven : in your Father's houfe are many dwelling-places. 
Men take a fight of lands ere they buy them. I know that Chrift 
hath made the bargain already ; but be kind to the houfe ye are 
going to, and fee it often. Set your heart on things that are above, 
where Chrift is at the right hand of God. 

Stir up your hufband to mind his own country at home. 

* Ps xxxix. 5. 

1637.] LETTER CIF. 263 

Counfel him to deal mercifully with the poor people of God under 

him. They are Chrifl's, and not his ; therefore, defire him to fhow 

them merciful dealing and kindnefs, and to be good to their fouls. 

I defire you to write to me. It may be that my pari(h forget me ; 

but my witnefs is in heaven that I dow * not, I do not, forget them. 

They are my fighs in the night, and my tears in the day. I think 

myfelf like a hufband plucked from the wife of his youth. O Lord, 

be my Judge : what joy would it be to my foul to hear that my 

miniftry hath left the Son of God among them, and that they are 

walking in Chrift ! Remember my love to your fon and daughter. 

Defire them from me to feek the Lord in their youth, and to give 

Him the morning of their days. Acquaint them with the word of 

God and prayer. 

Grace be with you. Pray for the prifoner of Chrift -, in my 

heart I forget you not. 

Your lawful and loving paftor, in his only Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 6, 1637. 

CIV. — To the Right Honour able afid Chrifliafi Lady, my 
Lady Viscountess of Kenmure. 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I am re- 
frefhed with your letter. The right hand of Him to 
whom belong the iffues from death hath been gracious 
to that fweet child. I dow not, * I do not, forget him and your 
Ladyfhip in my prayers. 

Madam, for your own cafe. I love careful, and withal, doing 

* Cannot. 

264 LETTER CIV. [1637. 

complaints of want of pra6lice -, becaufe I obferve many who think 
it holinefs enough to complain, and fet themfelves at nothing -, as if 
to fay "I am fick " could cure them. They think complaints a 
good charm for guiltinefs. I hope that ye are wreftling and ftrug- 
gling on, in this dead age, wherein folks have loft tongue, and legs, 
and arms for Chrift. I urge upon you. Madam, a nearer com- 
munion with Chrift, and a growing communion. There are curtains 
to be drawn by* in Chrift, that we never faw, and new foldings of 
love in Him. I defpair that ever I fhall win to the far end of that 
love, there are fo many pliesf in it. Therefore, dig deep ; and 
fweat, and labour, and take pains for Him ; and fet by as much time 
in the day for Him as you can. He will be won with labour. 

I, His exiled prifoner, fought Him, and He hath rued J upon 
me, and hath made a moan for me, as He doth for His own , § and 
I know not what to do with Chrift. His love furroundeth and fur- 
chargeth me. I am burdened with it ; but Oh how fweet and 
lovely is that burden ! I dow || not keep it within me. I am fo in 
love with His love, that if His love were not in heaven, I fhould be 
unwilling to go thither. Oh, what weighing, and what telling is in 
Chrift's love ! I fear nothing now {o much as the lofmg ^ of Chrift's 
crofs, and of the love-ftiowers that accompany it. I wonder what He 
meaneth, to put fuch a (lave at the board-head, ** at His own elbow. 
Oh that I ftiould lay my black mouth to fuch a fair, fair, fair face 
as Chrift's ! But I dare not refufe to be loved. The caufe is not 
in me, why He hath looked upon me, and loved me , for He got 
neither budf f nor hire of me ; it coft me nothing, it is good- 
cheap J J love. O the many pound- weights of His love, under 
which I am fweetly prefTed ! 

Now, Madam, I perfuade you, that the greateft part but play 
with Chriftianity ; they put it by-hand §§ easily. I thought it had 

* Alide. t Folds. % Grieved for. § Jer. xxxi. 20; Hos. xi. 8. || Cannot. 
^ The fear to be deprived of it. Former editions give '* laughing,'^ w^hich 
feems a mifprint. 

** Head of the table. If Bribe. XX ^'^^ry cheap 

§§ Put it paft, and arc done with it. 

1637.] LETTER CIV. 26s 

been an eafy thing to be a Chriftian, and that to feek God had been 

at the next door ; but O the windings, the turnings, the ups and 

the downs that He hath led me through ! And I fee yet much way 

to the ford. He fpeaketh with my reins in the night-feafon -, and 

in the morning, when I awake, I find His love-arrows, that He fhot 

at me, flicking in my heart. Who will help me to praise ? Who 

will come to lift up with me, and fet on high. His great love .'* And 

yet I find that a fire-flaught* of challenges will come in at mid- 

fummer, and queflion me. But it is only to keep a fmner in order. 

As for friends, I will not think the world to be the world if 

that well go not dry. I truft, in God, to ufe the world as a canny f 

or cunning mafler doth a knave fervant (at leafl God give me grace 

to do fo ! ) : he ^veth him no handling nor credit, only he intrufleth 

him with common errands, wherein he cannot play the knave. I 

pray God that I may not ^ve this world the credit of my joys, 

and comforts, and confidence. That were to put Chrift out of 

His office. Nay, I counfel you. Madam, from a little experience, 

let Chrift keep the great feal, and intruft Him fo as to hing:|: your 

veffels, great and fmall, and pin your burdens, upon the Nail 

faflened in David's houfe.§ Let me not be well, if ever they get 

the tutoring of my comforts. Away, away with irrefponfal )| tutors 

that would play me a flip, and then Chrift would laugh at me, and 

fay, " Well-wared ; f try again ere you truft." Now wo is me, 

for my whorifli mother, the ICirk of Scotland ! Oh, who will 

bewail her ! 

Now the prefence of the great Angel of the Covenant be with 

you and that fweet child. 

Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 7, 1637. 

* Fire-flake, or flafli of lightning. f Prudent. t Hang. 

§ Ifa. xxii. 23. II Irrefponfible. ^ Well-deferved. 

266 LETTER CV. [1637. 

CV. — To a Gentlewoman, tipofi the death of her Hujhand. 


ISTRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. 

I cannot but rejoice, and withal be grieved, at your 
cafe. It hath pleafed the Lord to remove your hufband 
(my friend, and this kirk's faithful profeffor*) foon to his reft ; but 
fhall we be forry that our lofs is his gain, feeing his Lord would 
want his company no longer .? Think not much of fhort fummons ; 
for, feeing he walked with his Lord in his life, and defired that 
Chrift fhould be magnified in him at his death, ye ought to be filent 
and fatisfied. When Chrift cometh for His own. He runneth faft : 
mercy, mercy to the faints goeth not at leifure. Love, love in our 
Redeemer is not flow -, and withal He is homelyf with you, who 
cometh at His own hand to your houfe, and intromitteth,J as a friend, 
with anything that is yours. I think He would fain borrow and lend 
with you. Now he (hall meet with the folacious § company, the fair 
flock and bleffed bairn-temej| of the firft-born, banqueting at the 
marriage fupper of the Lamb. It is a mercy that the poor wander- 
ing iheep get a dyke-fide in this ftormy day, and a leaking ftiip a 
fafe harbour, and a fea-fick pafTenger a found and foft bed afhore. 
Wrath, wrath, wrath from the Lord is coming upon this land that 
he hath left behind him. Know, therefore, that the wounds of 
your Lord Jefus are the wounds of a lover, and that He will have 
compalTion upon a fad-hearted fervant ; and that Chrift hath faid. 
He will have the huft^and's room in your heart. He loved you in 
your firft huiband's dme, and He is but wooing you ftill. Give Him 
heart and chair, houfe and all. He will not be made companion 
with any other. Love is full of jealoufies : He will have all your 

* Confeflbr r t Familial". % Intermeddleth. 

§ Full of conlblation. || Family by one mother. 

1637.] LETTER CV. 267 

love ; and who fhould get it but He ? I know that ye allow it 
upon Him. There are comforts both fweet and fatisfying laid up 
for you : wait on. Frill:* Chriff ; He is an honeft debtor. 

Now for mine own cafe. I think fome poor body would be 
glad of a dawted prifoner's leavings.f I have no fcarcity of Chrifl's 
love : He hath wafted more comforts upon His poor banifhed 
iervant than would have refrefhed many fouls. My burden was 
once fo heavy, that one ounce weight would have caften the balance, 
and broken my back ; but Chrift faid, *' Hold, hold !" to my for- 
row, and hath wiped a blutheredj face, which was foul with 
weeping. I may joyfully go my Lord's errands, with wages in my 
hands. Deferred hopes need not make me dead-fweir§ (as we ufed 
to fay) : my crofs is both my crofs and my reward. Oh that men 
would found His high praife ! I love Chrift's worft reproaches. 
His glooms, II His crofs, better than all the world's plaftered glory. 
My heart is not longing to be back again from Chrifl's country ; it 
is a fweet foil I am come to. I, if any in the world, have good 
caufe to fpeak much good of Him. Oh, hell were a good-cheap 5[ 
price to buy Him at ! Oh, if all the three kingdoms were witneifes 
to my pained, pained foul, overcome with Chrifl's love ! 

I thank you mofl kindly, my dear fifter, for your love to, and 
tender care of, my brother. I fhall think myfelf obliged to you if 
ye continue his friend. He is more to me than a brother now, being 
engaged to fufFer for fo honourable a Mafler and caufe. 

Pray for Chrifl's prifoner ; and grace, grace be with you. 
Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 7, 1637. 

* Give Him credit to a future day. 

t What an over-indulged prifoner leaves after his feaft is over. 

X Blurred v^ith tears. § Extremely lazy, jj Frowns. 1" Very cheap. 

!68 LETTER CFL [1637. 

CVI. — To the Right Honourable and Chrijlian Lady, my 
Lady Kenmure. 


ADAM, — Upon the offered opportunity of this worthy 
bearer, I could not omit to anfwer the heads of your 

I/?/)', I think not much to fet down on paper fome good things 
anent Chrifl (that fealed and holy thing),* and to feed my foul with 
raw wifhes to be one with Chrifl ; for a wifh is but broken and 
half love. But verily to obey this, " Come and fee," is a harder 
matter ! Oh, I have rather fmoke than fire, and gueffings rather 
than real afTurances of Him. I have little or nothing to fay, that I 
am as one who hath found favour in His eyes ; but there is fome 
pining and mifmanneredf hunger, that maketh me mifcallif and 
nickname Chrift as a changed Lord. But alas ! it is ill-flitten.§ I 
cannot believe without a pledge. I cannot take God's word with- 
out a caution, || as if Chrift had loft and fold His credit, and were 
not in my books refponfal, f and law-biding.** But this is fny way ; 
for His way is, " After that ye believed, ye were fealed with that 
Holy Spirit of promife."f f 

2dlyj Ye write, " that I am filled with knowledge, and ftand 
not in need of thefe warnings." But certainly my light is dim when 
it cometh to handy-grips. J J And how many have full coffers, and 
yet empty bellies ! Light, and the faving ufe of light, are far dif- 
ferent. Oh, what need then have I to have the afhes blown away 
from my dying-out fire ! I may be a bookman, and (yet) be an idiot 
and ftark fool in Chrift's way ! Learning will not beguile Chrift. 

* Luke i. ;'^5. t That makes a man unmannerly. 

% Give wrong names to. § A milplaced rebuke. 

II Security given. ^ Refponfible. ** Able to face the law. 
tt Eph. i. 13. t+ Clofe grappling. 

637-] LETTER CVL 269 

The Bible beguiled the Pharifees, and lb may I be milled. There- 
fore, as night-watchers hold one another waking by fpeaking to one 
another, (o have we need to hold one another on foot : fleep ftealeth 
away the light of watching, even the light that reproveth fleeping. 
I doubt not but more would fetch* heaven, if they believed not 
heaven to be at the next door. The world's negative holinefs — * no 
adulterer, no murderer, no thief, no cozener,' — maketh men believe 
they are already glorified faints. But the fixth chapter to the Hebrews 
may affright us all, when we hear that men may take (a tafte) of the 
gifts and common graces of the Holy Spirit, and a tafte of the powers 
of the life to come, to hell with them. Here is reprobate filver, 
which yet feemeth to have the King's image and fuperfcription upon it ! 

3^/y, I find you complaining of yourfelf. And it becometh a 
finner fo to do. I am not againft you in that. Senfe of death is a 
fib friend, f and of kin and blood to life ; the more fenfe, the more 
life ; the more fenfe of fin, the lefs fin. I would love my pain, and 
forenefs, and my wounds, howbeit thefe fhould bereave me of my 
night's fieep, better than my wounds without pain. Oh how fweet 
a thing it is to give Chrift His handful of broken arms and legs, and 
disjointed bones ! 

^hly^ Be not afraid for little grace. Chrift foweth His living 
feed, and He will not lofe His feed. If He have the guiding of my 
ftock and ftate, it fhall not mifcarry. Our lpilled:j: works, loffes, 
deadnefs, coldnefs, wretchednefs, are the ground upon which the 
Good Hufbandman laboureth. 

^thly. Ye write, " that His compaffions fail not, notwithftanding 
that your fervice to Chrift mifcarrieth." To which I anfwer : 

God forbid that there were buying and felling, and blocking § 
for as good again, betwixt Chrift and us ; for then free grace might 
go to play, and a Saviour fing dumb, || and Chrift go to fleep. But 
we go to heaven with light flioulders ; and all the bairn-teme, f and 

* Make for ; Lett. 83. t Near relative. % Spoiled. 

§ Bargaining. || Be filenced. 

^ Family. Peden ufes the word thus: * ^ The Church fhall come forth with 
a bonnv bairn-teme at her back." 

2 70 LETTER CVII. [1637. 

the vefTels great and fmall that we have, are faftened upon the fiire 
Nail.* The only danger is, that we give grace more to do than 
God giveth it ; that is, by turning His grace into wantonnefs. 

6thly, Ye write, that " few fee your guiltinefs, and that ye 
cannot be free with many, as with me." I anfwer : BlefTed be God, 
that Chrifl and we are not heard before men's courts. It is at home, 
betwixt Him and us, that pleas are taken away. 

Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 


CVII. — To the Right Honourable and Chrijlian Lady^ my 
Lady Boyd. 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you, from God 
our Father, and from our Lord Jefus Chrift. 

I cannot but thank your Ladyfhip for your letter, 
that hath refreshed my foul. I think myfelf many ways obliged to 
your Ladyfhip for your love to my afflicted brother, now embarked 
with me in that fame caufe. His Lord hath been pleafed to put 
him on truth's fide. I hope that your Ladyfhip will befriend him 
with your counfel and countenance in that country, where he is a 
ftranger. And your Ladyfhip needeth not fear but your kindnefs to 
His own will be put up into Chrifl's accounts. 

Now, Madam, for your Ladyfhip' s cafe. I rejoice exceedingly 
that the Father of lights hath made you fee that there is a nickf in 
Chriftianitv, which ye contend to be at ; and that is, to quit the 
right eye, and the right hand, and to keep the Son of God. I hope 
your defire is to make Him your garland, and that your eye looketh 

* I fa. xxii. 23, 24. t A degree or point. 

1637.] LETTER cm, 271 

up the mount, which certainly is nothing but the new creature. 
Fear not, Chrifl will not caft water upon your fmoking coal ; and 
then, who elfe dare do it if He fay nay ? Be forry at corruption, 
and be not fecure. That companion lay with you in your mother's 
womb, and was as early friends with you as the breath of life. 
And Chrifl will not have it otherwife ; for He delighteth to take up 
fallen bairns, and to mend broken brows. Binding up of wounds 
is His office.* 

Firjl, I am glad that Chrifl will get employment of His calling 
in you. Many a whole foul is in heaven which was fickererf than 
ye are. He is content that ye lay broken arms and legs on His knee, 
that He may fpelk J them. Secondly, hiding of His face is wife love. 
His love is not fond, doting, and reafonlefs, to give your head no 
other pillow whill§ ye be in at heaven's gates, but to lie between 
His breafls, and lean upon His bofom. Nay, His bairns muft often 
have the frofty cold fide of the hill, and fet down both their bare 
feet among thorns. His love hath eyes, and, in the meantime, is 
looking on. Our pride muft have winter weather to rot it. But I 
know that Chrifl and ye will not be heard ; || ye will whifper it over 
betwixt you rfelves, and agree again. For the anchor-tow f abideth 
faft within the vail ; the end of it is in Chrift's ten fingers : who 
dare pull, if He hold ? "I, the Lord thy God, will hold thy right 
hand, faying. Fear not, I will help thee. Fear not, Jacob."** The 
fea-fick paffenger fhall come to land ; Chrift will be the firft to meet 
you on the fhore. I hope that your Ladyfhip will keep the King's 
highway. Go on (in the flrength of the Lord), in hafle, as if ye 
had not leifure to fpeak to the innkeepers by the way. He is over 
beyond time, on the other fide of the water, who thinketh longff 
for you. 

For my unfaithful felf, Madam, I mufl fay a word. At my 

* I fa. Ixi. I. t Stronger. 

X Support by fplinters or trufs. § Till. 

II No one will ever hear the chiding. •[[ Cable. 

ft Longeth for. 

LE1TER CFIL [163' 

firft coming hither, the devil made many a black lie of my Lord 
Jefus, and faid the court was changed, and he was angry, and 
would give an evil fervant his leave at mid-term. * But He gave me 
grace not to take my leave. I refolved to bide fummons,f and fit, 
howbeit it was fuggefted and faid, " What fhould be done with a 
withered tree, but over the dyke with it ? " But now, now (I 
dare not, I dow:j: not keep it up !), who is feafted as His poor 
exiled prifoner ? I think fhame of the board-head § and the firft 
mefs, and the royal King's dining-hall, and that my black hand 
fhould come upon fuch a Ruler's table. But I cannot mend it ; 
Chrift muft have His will : only He paineth my foul fo fometimes 
with His love, that I have been nigh to pafs modeily, and to cry 
out. He hath left a fmoking, burning coal in my heart, and gone 
to the door Himfelf, and left me and it together. Yet it is not de- 
fertion ; I know not what it is, but I was never fo fick for Him as 
now. I durft not challenge my Lord, if I got no more for heaven ; 
it is a dawting |j crofs. I know He hath other things to do than to 
play with me, and to trindle % an apple with me, and that this feafl 
will end. O for inflruments** in God's name, that this is He! 
and that I may make ufe of it, when, it may be, a near friend within 
me will fay, and when it will be faid by a challengingff devil, 
*' Where is thy God ?" Since I know that it will not laft, I defire 
but to keep broken meat. But let no man after me flander Chrifl 
for His crofs. 

The great Lord of the Covenant, who brought from the dead 
the great Shepherd of His fheep, by the blood of the eternal cove- 
nant eftablifh you, and keep you and yours to His appearance. 
Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, March 7, 1637. 

* Difcharge His fervant, turn him off. f Obey the citation. 

X Cannot. § Head of the table. 

II That has fondnefs in it. ^ Tnindle. 

** A law phrafe; taking documents in proof of a thing, 
tt Accufmg, upbraiding. 

1637.] LETTERS CFIIL, CIX. 273 

CVIII. — To the Lady Kaskiberry. 

[This lady was wife to James Schoneir of Kq/keberr'ie ^ or Kafkeberrian, in 
Fife. His name occurs as elder to the General Aflembly in 1647, ^^^ ^^ 
was ruling elder in the Prefbylery of Kirkcaldy. {Lamont's Diary ^ 1650.) 
His lady died in 1655, and was buried in Kinglaffie church. {Do.y] 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I long to 
hear how your Ladyfhip is. I know not how to re- 
quite your Ladyfhip's kindnefs ; but your love to the 
Taints, Madam, is laid up in heaven. I know it is for your well- 
beloved Chrifl's fake that ye make His friends fo dear to you, and 
concern yourfelf fo much in them. 

I am, in this houfe of pilgrimage, every way in good cafe : Chrifl 
is mofl kind and loving to my foul. It pleafeth Him to feaft, with 
His unfeen confolations, a ftranger and an exiled prifoner ; and I 
would not exchange my Lord Jefus with all the comfort out of 
heaven. His yoke is eafy, and His burden is light. 

This is His truth which I now fuiFer for ; for He hath fealed it 
with His blefled prefence. I know that Chrift fhall yet win the 
day, and gain the battle in Scotland. Grace be with you. 
Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

CIX. — To the Lady Earlston. 

[This was probably Lady Earlfton, fenior, as may be inferred from Ruther- 
ford's reminding her that her ' * afternoon fun will foon go down." Her maiden 
name was Elizabeth Gordon, fhe being the daughter of John Gordon of Muir- 
fad, in Kirkmabreck, next parifh to Anwoth (the fame who was afterguards 
defigned of Penningham), the fecond fon of Sir John Gordon of Lochinvar, 
vol.. I. S 

274 LETTER CIX. [1637. 

and brother to Sir John Gordon of Lochinvar, father of firft Lord Kenmure. 
{Nijbets Heraldry ^\o\. i.) Sir John Gordon was married to Jean Glendon- 
ning. (Minutes of Com. of Cor., p. 29.)] 


ISTRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I long 
to hear how your foul profpereth. I exhort you to go 
on in your journey ; your day is fhort, and your after- 
noon fun will foon go down. Make an end of your accounts with 
your Lord ; for death and judgment are tides that bide* no man. 
Salvation is fuppofed to be at the door, and Chriflianity is thought 
an eafy tafk ; but I find it hard, and the way ftrait and narrow, 
were it not that my Guide is content to wait on me, and to care for 
a tired traveller. Hurt not your confcience with any known fm. 
Let your children be as fo many flowers borrowed from God : if 
the flower die or wither, thank God for a fummer loan of them, 
and keep good neighbourhood, to borrow and lendf with Him. 
Set your heart upon heaven, and trouble not your fpirit with this 
clav-idol of the world, which is but vanity, and hath but the luflre 
of the rainbow in the air, which cometh and goeth with a flying 
March fhower. Clay is the idol of baflards, not the inheritance of 
the children. 

INIv Lord hath been pleafed to make many unknown faces laugh 
upon me, and hath made me well content of a borrowed firefide, 
and a borrowed bed. I am feafled with the joys of the Holy 
Ghofl, and my royal King beareth my charges honourably. I love 
the fmell of Chiift's fweet breath better than the world's gold. I 
would I had help to praife Him. 

The great MeflTenger of the Covenant, the Son of God, eflablifh 
vou on vour Rock, and keep you to the day of His coming. 
Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 7, 1637. 

* Wait for. t To be on good terms. 

1637.] LETTER ex. 275 

ex. — To his Reverend and Dear Brother ^ Mr David Dickson. 

[David Dickson or Dick, bom in 1583, was the only fon of Mr John 
Dlckfon, a pious and wealthy merchant in Glafgow. After finifliing his ftudies 
at the Univerfity of Glafgow, he was admitted Profeflbr of Philofophy in that 
Univerfity, a fituation which he held for eight years. In 161 8 he was or- 
dained minifter of Irvine, where he laboured with much acceptance and fuc- 
cefs. In 1622, refufmg to pradife the ceremonies then impofed upon the 
Church by the Perth Articles, he was fummoned by James Law, Archbifhop 
of Glafgow, to appear before the High Commiffion Court. Dickfon appeared, 
but declined the authority of the Court in ecclefiaftical matters. The refult 
was, that he was deprived of his charge at Irvine, and banifhed to Turriff, in 
Aberdeenfhire. There he was employed every Sabbath by the incumbent of 
the parifh. Yielding to the folicitations of the Earl of Eglinton and the town 
of Inline, the Bifhop granted him liberty to return to his old charge about the 
end of July 1623. He refumed his paftoral duties with increafed ardour; and 
in addition to his Sabbath labours, preached every Monday (the market-day 
of Irvine), for the benefit of the rural population. Great numbers, particu- 
larly from the neighbouring parifh of Stewarton, attending thefe meetings, 
the refult was the famous Stewarton Revival, which lafted from 1623 to 1630. 
After the renewal of the National Covenant, in 1638, Dickfon, who was then 
diftinguifhed as a leader, in conjunction with Alexander Henderfon and An- 
drew Cant, was I'ent on a million to Aberdeen, to explain the Covenant to 
the inhabitants who were hoftile to it, when the celebrated controverfy be- 
tween the three commiffioners and the dodors of Aberdeen, on the fubjed:, 
took place. In 1642 he was appointed Profeflbr of Divinity in the Univer- 
fity of Glafgow, in which office he was aflbciated with the celebrated Robert 
Baillie. He was afterwards tranflated to the fame office in the Univerfity 
of Edinburgh. In the differences between the Refolutioners and Protefters, 
he took the fide of the former ; but on feeing how matters went upon the 
reftoration of Charles II., is reported to have faid to one who vifited him 
on his deathbed, that the Protefters were the trueft prophets. He died in 
December 1662. Dickfon was a man of more than ordinary talents, of ex- 
tenfive theological acquirements, of a very intrepid fpirit, and a popular 
preacher. He was the author of various works, which have been highly 

276 LETTER CX. [1637. 



joy have I out of heaven's gates, but that my Lord Jefus 
be glorified in my bonds ? BlefTed be ye of the Lord 
who contribute anything to my obliged and indebted praifes. Dear 
brother, help me, a poor dyvour,* to pay the intereft ; for I cannot 
come nigh to render the principal. It is not jeft nor fport which 
maketh me to fpeak and write as I do : I never before came to that 
nickf or pitch of communion with Chrift that I have now attained 
to. For my confirmation, I have been thefe two Sabbaths or 
three in private, taking inftruments :|: in the name of God, that my 
Lord Jefus and I have kifTed each other in Aberdeen, the houfe of 
my pilgrimage. I feek not an apple to play me with (He knoweth, 
whom I ferve in the fpirit !) but a feal. I but beg earneft, and am 
content to fufpend and frift§ glory whill|| fupper-time. I know 
that this world will not laft with me; for my moon-light is noon- 
day light, and my four hours f above my feafts when I was a 
preacher ; at which time, alfo, I was embraced very often in His 
arms. But who can blame Chrift to take me on behind Him (if I 
may lay fo), on His white horfe, or in His chariot, paved with love, 
through a water ? Will not a father take his little dawted Davie** 
in his arms, and carry him over a ditch or a mire ? My Ihort legs 
could not ftep over this lair,-|-f or finking mire ; and, therefore, my 
I^ord Jefus will bear me through. If a change come, and a dark 
day (fo being that He will keep my faith without flaw or crack), I 
dare not blame Him, howbeit I get no more whill || I come to 
heaven. But ye know that the phyfic behoved to have fugar : my 
faith was fallen afwoon,:j:J and Chrift but held up a fwooning man's 

* Debtor. t Degree. 

X The documents that prove the matter fettled. § Poftpone for a time. 

11 Till. 1" Slight afternoon refrefhment. ** His fondled boy, or pet. 

tt Sinking bog. %% Into a fwoon. 

1637.] LETTER ex. 277 

head. Indeed, I pray not for a dawted * bairn's diet : He knoweth 
that I would have Chrifl, four or fweet, — any way, fo being it be 
Chrift indeed. I ftand not now upon pared apples, or fugared 
difhes , but I cannot blame Him to give, and I muft gape and make 
a wide mouth. Since Chrift will not pantryf up joys, He muft be 
welcome who will not bide away. I feek no other fruit than that 
He may be glorified. He knoweth that I would take hard fare to 
have His name fet on high. 

I blefs you for your counfel. I hope to live by faith, and fwim 
without a mafs or bundle of joyful fenfe under my chin ; at leaft to 
venture, albeit I fhould be ducked. 

Now for my cafe : I think that the council Ihould be eflayed, 
and the event referred to God ; — duties are ours, and events are 

I ftiall go through yours upon the Covenant at leifure, and write 
to you my mind thereanent ; :j: and anent the Arminian contract be- 
twixt the Father and the Son. I befeech you, fet to,§ to go through 
Scripture. II Yours on the Hebrews is in great requeft with all who 
would be acquainted with Chrift's Teftament. I purpofe, God 
willing, to fet about Hofea, and to try if I can get it to the prefs 

It refrefheth me much that ye are fo kind to my brother. I hope 
your counfel will do him good. I recommend him to you, fince 
I am fo far from him. I am glad that the dying fervant of God, 

* Fondled. f Lock up in the pantry, or cupboard. 

X Regarding this. § Set about, begin. 

II Rutherford feems here to allude to a plan of fumifhing fhort commen- 
taries on the whole Bible, which was fuggefted and fet on foot by Dickfon at 
the beginning of the feventeenth century. *^ The Hebrews," as is mentioned 
in this letter, together with *'The Pfalms" and ^' Matthew," were under- 
taken by Dickfon; and ^* Hofea," which Rutherford here intimates his inten- 
tion to undertake, but never accomplifhed, was contributed by Hutchifon in- 
ftead of him. In the Preface to one of the earlieft editions of the Letters, a 
complaint is made that fome one was fecreting a MS. commentary of Ruther- 
ford's, upon Ifa'iah. 

278 LETTER CXI. [1637. 

famous and faithful Mr Cunningham, fealed your miniftry before he 
fell afleep. 

Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 7, 1637. 

CXI. — To Jean Brown. 


mercy, and peace be to you. — I received your letter, 
which I efleem an evidence of your Chriftian affe6lion 
to me, and of your love to my honourable Lord and Mafter. My 
defire is, that your communion with Chrifl may grow, and that 
your reckonings may be put by-hand* with your Lord ere you 
come to the water-fide. 

Oh, who knoweth how fweet Chrift's kifTes are ! Who hath 
been more kindly embraced and kifled than I, His banifhed prifoner ^. 
If the comparifon could ftand, I would not exchange Chrift with 
heaven itfelf. He hath left a dart and arrow of love in my foul, 
and it paineth me till He come and take it out. I find pain of thofe 
wounds, becaufe I would have pofi^effion. I know now that this 
worm-eaten apple, the plaftered, rotten world, which the filly 
children of this world are beating, and buffeting, and pulling each 
other's ears for, is a portion for baftards, good enough ; and that it is 
all they have to look for. I am not offended that my adverfaries flay 
at home at their own firefide, with more yearly rent than I. Should 
I be angry that the Goodman of this houfe of the world cafteth a 
dog a bone to hurt his teeth ? He hath taught me to be content 
with a borrowed firefide, and an uncof bed ; and I think I have 
loft nothing, the income is fo great. O what telling is in Chrifl: ! 

Put afide, as finifhed and over. f Strange. 

1637.] LETTER CXII. i79 

O how weighty is my fair garland, my crown, my fair fupping- 
hall in glory, where I fhall be above the blows and buffeting of 
prelates ! Let this be your defire, and let your thoughts dwell 
much upon that bleflednefs that abideth you in the other world. 
The fair fide of the world will be turned to you quickly, when ye 
fhall fee the crown. I hope that ye are near your lodging. Oh, 
but I would think myfelf blefled, for my part, to win * to the houfe 
before the fhower come on ; for God hath a quiver full of arrows 
to Ihoot at and fhower down upon Scotland. 

Ye have the prayers of a prifoner of Chrift. I defire Patrick to 

give Chrift his young love, even the flower of it ; and to put it by 

all others. It were good to flart foon to the way ; he fhould 

thereby have a great advantage in the evil day. Grace be with you. 

Yours in his only Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 7, 1637. 

CXIL — To Mr John Fergushill. 

[Mr John Fergushill's mother was Janet Kennedy, jfifter or near 
relative to Hugh Kennedy of Ayr. He was at this time minifter of Ochiltree, 
a parifh in the centre of A)Tfhire, in the diftrid: of Kyle. When Mr Robert 
Blair was tranflated from Ayr to St Andrews by the General Aflembly, 1639, 
Fergufhill was^ by the fame Aflembly, appointed his fucceflbr. He died in 
1644. He is mentioned by Livingftone, as one of the ** many of the godly 
and able minifters " in Scotland. He was a member of the famous Glafgow 
Aflembly 1638. Lady Gaitgirth's manfion was near Ochiltree; fee Let. 187.] 


LORD, — I was refreflied with your letter. I am 
forry for that lingering and longfome vifitation that is 

* Reach in fpite of difficulty. 

286 LETTER CXIL [1637. 

upon your wife ; but I know that ye take it as the mark of a 
lawfully begotten child, and not of a baflard, to be under your 
Father's rod. Till ye be in heaven, it will be but foul weather ; 
one fhower up and another down. The lintel-ftone and pillars of 
the New Jerufalem fufFer more knocks of God's hammer and tool 
than the common fide-wall ftones. And if twenty crofles be written 
for you in God's book, they will come to nineteen, and then at laft 
to one, and after that to nothing, but your head fhall lie betwixt 
Chrijft's breafls for evermore, and His own foft hand jfhall dry your 
face, and wipe away your tears. As for public fuiFerings for His 
truth, your Mafter alfo will fee to thefe. Let us put Him into His 
own office, to comfort and deliver. The gloom* of Chrifl's crofs 
is worfe than itfelf. 

I cannot keep up what He hath done to my foul. My dear 
brother, will I not get help of you to praife, and to lift Chrift up 
on high ? He hath pained me with His love, and hath left a love- 
arrow in my heart, that hath made a wound, and fwelled me up 
with defires, fo that I am to be pitied for want of real pofTeffion. 
Love would have the company of the party loved ; and my greateft 
pain is the want of Him, not of His joys and comforts, but of a 
near union and communion. 

This is His truth, I am fully perfuaded, which I now fufFer for ; 
for Chrift hath taken upon Him to be witnefs to it by His fweet 
comforts to my foul ; and fhall I think Him a falfe witnefs ? or that 
He would fubfcribe blank paper ? I thank His high and dreadful 
name for what He hath given. I hope to keep His feal and His 
pawn till He come and loofe it Himfelf. I defy hell to put me off 
it. But He is Chrifl, and He hath met with His prifoner ; and I 
took inftruments in His own hand, f that it was He, and none other 
for Him. When the devil fenceth a baftard-court J in my Lord's 
ground, and giveth me forged fummons, it will be my fhame to mis- 

* The frown imagined to be in it. 

t Took documents that proved the matter fettled. 

X Opens and conflitutes an unauthorized court. 


believe, * after luch a fair broad feal. And yet Satan and my appre- 
henfion fometimes make a lie of Chrift, as if He hated me. But I 
dare believe no evil of Chrifl. If He would cool my love-fever 
for Himfelf with real preience and poiTefTion, I would be rich ; but 
I dare not be miflearned,f and feek more in that kind, howbeit it 
be no fhame to beg at Chrift's door. I pity my adverfaries. I 
grudge not that my Lord keepeth them at their own firefide, and 
hath given me a borrowed firefide : let the Goodman of the houfe 
cafl the dog a bone, why Ihould I take offence ? I rejoice that the 
broken bark ftiall come to land, and that Chrift will, on the fhore, 
welcome the fea-fick pafienger. We have need of a great flock 
againfl this day of trial that is coming. There is neither chaff nor 
corn in Scotland, but it fhall once J pafs through God's fieve. Praife, 
praife, and pray for me ; for I cannot forget you. I know that ye 
will be friendly to my afHifled brother, who is now embarked in 
the fame caufe with me. Let him have your counfel and comforts. 
Remember my love in Chrifl to your wife ; her health is com- 
ing, and her falvation fleepeth not. Ye have the prayers and bleiUng 
of a prifoner of Chrift. Sow fafl, deal bread plentifully. The 
pantry-door will be locked on the bairns, in appearance, ere long. 
Grace, grace, be with you. 

Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 7, 1637. 

CXIIL — To his Reverend and Dear Brother, Mr Robert Douglas. 

[Robert Douglas, one of the ableft and moft refpeded minifters of the 
Church of Scotland in his day, was the illegitimate fon of one Mr Douglas, who 
was believed to have been a baftard child of Queen Mary, by Sir G. Douglas, 
Governor of Lochleven Caflle, bom when fhe was prifoner there. He was thus 
the grandfon of C^^een Mary (^odroav's AnaleBa, iv. 226). Having finifhed 
his preparations for the miniftry, he was ordained to be chaplain for the forces 

* Not to believe truly. f Ill-bred, indifcreet. X Some time or other* 

LETTER CXIIl. [1637. 

that ferved under the celebrated Guftavus of Sweden. Continuing in this 
fituation for a confiderable time, he attracted the notice of the Swedifh 
monarch, who held his character and talents in high eftimation. It is faid 
that, in one of Guftavus' engagements, furveying the battle from an eminence, 
and obfening fomething \^Tong in the left wing of Guftavus army which 
threatened to prove difaftrous, he either went perfonally, or fent a meflfenger 
to acquaint the commanding officer with the circumftance, and that this 
information led to vi(5tory. When he left the army, Guftavus parted w4th 
him reluctantly, pronouncing him to be a man of the moft diftinguifhed 
abilities he had ever known. *^ There," fays he, ^Ms a man who, for wifdom 
and prudence, might be a counfellor to any king in Europe. He might be a 
moderator to any aflembly in the world ; and he might be a general to con- 
dud: any army, for his Ikill in military affairs" (^Ibid. iv. 221). During this 
period, he committed to memory the greater part of the Bible, having almoft 
no other book to read. Returning to his own country, he was admitted 
colleague to Mr James Simfon, minifter of Kirkaldy, in 1630. Thence he 
was tranflated to Edinburgh in 1641. For a time he was deceived by the 
duplicity of James Sharp, but at laft he deteded his real charader ; and when 
the traitor (fhortly before he went up to London to be confecrated Arch- 
bifhop) happened to meet with him, and addreffed him as ^' Brother," the 
good man, difgufted at his hypocrify, exclaimed, ** Brother ! no more 
brother ! James, if my confcience had been of the make of yours, I could 
have been Bifhop of St Andrews fooner than you." {AnaleBa^ vol. iii. p. 
130.) In 1669 he was admitted indulged minifter at Pencaitland, where he 
died at an advanced age in 1674, and was buried in Edinburgh. {Ibid. vol. i. 
p. 337 ; Wodro^jjs Hi/iory^ vol. ii. p. 133-)] 



■Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I long to fee 
you on paper. I cannot but write you, that this which 
I now luffer for is Chrifl's truth ; becaufe He hath been pleafed to 
feal my sufferings with joy unfpeakable and glorious. I know that 
He will not put His feal upon blank paper ; Chrifl hath not dumb 
feals, neither will He be a witnefs to a lie. I befeech you, my dear 
brother, to help me to praife, and to lift Chrifl up on His throne 
above the ihields of the earth. I am aftonifhed and confounded at 
the greatnefs of His kindnefs to fuch a fmner. I know that Chrift 

1637.] LETTER CXIV. 283 

and I ihall never be even ; * I fhall die in His debt. He hath left 
an arrow in my heart that paineth me for want of real pofTedion ; 
and hell cannot quench this coal of God's kindling. I wifh no man 
to flander Chrift or His crofs for my caufe ; for I have much caufe 
to fpeak much good of Him. He hath brought me to a nickf and 
degree of communion with Himfelf that I knew not before. The 
din and gloom \ of our Lord's crofs is more fearful and hard than 
the crofs itfelf. He taketh the bairns in His arms when they come 
to a deep water ; at leafl, when they lofe ground, and are put to 
fwim, then His hand is under their chin. 

Let me be helped by your prayers -, and remember my love to 
your kind wife. Grace be with you. 

Your brother, and Chrifl's prifoner, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, March 7, 1637. 

CXIV. — To the much Honoured William Rigg, of Athernie, in 
Fife, near Leven. 

[William Rigg of Athernie, in the capacity of one of the bailies of 
Edinburgh, *^ gave great evidence (fays Livingftone) that he had the fpirit of 
a magiftrate beyond many, being a terror to all evil-doers." He took an adtive 
part againft all attempts to introduce Prelacy, and contributed liberally to the 
printing of fuch books as ^^ crofled the courfe of Conformity." In March 
1624, a committee of the Privy Council, by the authority of the King, de- 
prived Rigg of his office, fined him in fifty thoufand pounds Scots, and ordered 
him to be warded in Blacknefs Caftle till the fum was paid, and afterwards 
to be confined in Orkney. This fentence, however, was afterwards mitigated. 
He was diftinguifhed above moft for devoting a large portion of his in- 
come to religious purpofes. Such was his liberality, that one faid, ^* To my 
certain knowledge, he fpends yearly more on pious ufes than all my eftate is 

* Be quits, have accounts fairly balanced. 

t Explained by the next word, "degree," which probably has crept into 
the text from the margin. So in Let. no, '' pitch." 
X The noife made about the crofs, and the fi^own. 

284 LETTER CXIF. [1637. 

worth ; and mine will be towards 8 or 9000 merks (about L.350) in the year." 
He was a man of much prayer, and generally commenced with deep and bitter 
complaints and confeflion of fin, but ended with unfpeakable aflurance, and 
joy and thankfgiving. His death took place on the 2d of January 1644, and 
is thus recorded by Sir Thomas Hope, in his Diary (p. 201) : ** This day, 
my worthy coufin, William Rigg of Athemie, departed, at his houfe of 
Athernie, having taken bed on Sunday of before, and died on the third day. 
The Lord prepare me ; for this, next to my deareft fon, is a heavy ftroke."] 


UCH HONOURED SIR,— Grace, mercy, and peace 
be to you. I received your long-looked-for and fhort 
letter. I would that ye had fpoken more to me, who 
fland in need. I find Chrift, as ye write, aye the longer the better ; 
and therefore cannot but rejoice in His falvation, who hath made my 
chains my wings, and hath made me a king over my crofles, and over 
my adverfaries. Glory, glory, glory to His high, high and holy 
name ! Not one ounce, not one grain-weight more is laid on me 
than He hath enabled me to bear ; and I am not Co much wearied 
to fuiFer as Zion's haters are to perfecute. Oh, if I could find a 
way, in any meafure, to ftrive to be even with* Chrift's love ! But 
that I mufl give over. Oh, who would help a dyvour f to pay 
praifes to the King of faints, who triumpheth in His weak fervants ! 
I fee that if Chrift but ride upon a worm or feather. His horfe 
will neither ftumble nor fall. The worm Jacob is made by Him a 
new, fharp threfhing inftrument, having teeth, to threfh the moun- 
tains, and beat them fmall, and to make the hills as chafF, and to 
fan them fo as the wind fhall carry them away, and the whirlwind 
fhall fcatter them. J Chrifl's enemies are but breaking their own 
heads in pieces, upon the Rock laid in Zion ; and the flone is not 
removed out of its place. Faith hath caufe to take courage from 
our very affli6fions -, the devil is but a whetflone to fharpen the 

Be quits ; repay in full. t Debtor. t I fa. xli. 14-16. 

1637.] LETTER CXIV. 285 

faith and patience of the faints. I know that he but heweth and 
polifheth ftones, all this time, for the New Jerufalem. 

But in all this, three things have much moved me, fince it hath 
pleafed my Lord to turn my moon-light into day-light. Firft, He 
hath yoked* me to work, to wreftle with Chrifl's love; off longing 
wherewith I am fick, pained, fainting, and like to die becaufe I can- 
not get Himfelf ; which I think a flrange fort of defertion. For I 
have not Himfelf, whom if I had, my love-ficknefs would cool, and 
my fever go away : at leaft, I fhould know the heat of the fire of 
complacency, which would cool the fcorching heat of the fire of 
defire. (And yet I have no penury of His love I) And fo I dwine,f 
I die, and He feemeth not to rue§ on me. I take inflruments in His 
hand, || that I would have Him, but I cannot get Him ; and my befl 
cheer is black hunger. I blefs Him for that feaft. 

Secondly, Old challenges f now and then revive, and caft all 
down. I go halting and fighing, fearing there be an unfeen procefs 
yet coming out, and that heavier than I can anfwer. I cannot read 
diflin^lly my furety's a6l of cautionary** for me in particular, and 
my difcharge ; and fenfe, rather than faith, afTureth me of what I 
have ; fo unable am I to go but by a hold. I could, with rever- 
ence of my Lord, for^ve Chrifl, if He would give me as much faith 
as I have hunger for Him. I hope the pardon is now obtained, 
but the peace is not fo fure to me as I would wiih. Yet, one thing 
I know, there is not a way to heaven but the way which He hath 
graced me to profefs and fuffer for. 

Thirdly, Wo, wo is me for the virgin-daughter of Scotland, 
and for the fearful defolation and wrath appointed for this land ! 
And yet all are fleeping, eating and drinking, laughing and fporting, 
as if all were well. O our dim gold ! our dumb, blind paflors ! 
The fun is gone down upon them, and our nobles bid Chrifl fendff 

* Engaged, bound me in a prefling way. 

t I am fick of longing for which. % Pine. § Take pity on. 

II Take documents in evidence. 1 Self-upbraidings, or rebukes. 

** Suretyfhip. ft Provide for, fhift for. 

286 LETTER CXV. [1637. 

for Himfelf, if He be Chrift. It were good that we fhould learn 
in time the way to our ftronghold. 

Sir, howbeit not acquainted, remember my love to your wife. 
I pray God to eflablifh you. 

Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 9, 1637. 

CXV. — To Mr Alexander Henderson. 

[Alexander Henderson, the well-known hero of the Second Reforma- 
tion, was bom in the year 1583, and received his education at the Univerfity 
of St Andrews. After having taught for feveral years a clafs of philofophy 
and rhetoric in that Univerfity, he obtained a prefentation to the parifh of 
Leuchars, in 161 2. Being at that time unimprefTed with fpiritual truth, he 
was a defender of the principles and meafures of the prelatic party in the 
Church. His fettlement was on thefe accounts fo unpopular, that on the 
day of his ordination the church-doors were fecured by the people, and the 
members of Prefbytery, together with the prefentee, were obliged to break in 
by the window. But his foul was foon after vifited by the Holy Spirit, and 
underwent an entire change. He became Leader in effed:ing that revolution 
in the ecclefiaftical affairs of Scotland which commenced about the year 1637. 
He was Moderator of the famous Affembly which met at Glafgow in 1638, 
and by that AfTembly was tranflated to Edinburgh. In the civil war, Hender- 
fon was appointed by the Covenanters to ad: as one of their commiffioners in 
treating with his Majefty Charles I. In 1642, he was delegated by the Com- 
miflion of the General Aflembly to fit as one of their commiflTioners in the 
Weftminfter Aflembly of Divines, which kept him in London for feveral years. 
He died on the 12th of Auguft 1646, in the 63d year of his age, fhortly after 
his return from England. Baillie, in his fpeech to the General Aflembly in 
the following year, pronounced him, ^*thefaireft ornament after Mr John 
Knox, of incomparable memory, that ever the Church of Scotland did enjoy."] 


ceived your letters. They are as apples of gold to 
me ; for with my fweet feafts (and they are above the 


1637.] LETTER CXV. 287 

defer ving of fuch a finner, high and out of meafure), I have fadnefs 
to ballajft me, and weight* me a little. It is but His boundlefs 
wifdom which hath taken the tutoring of His witlefs child -, and He 
knoweth that to be drunken with comforts is not fafefl for our 
llomachs. However it be, the din and noife and glooms f of Chrift's 
crofs are weightier than itfelf. I proteft to you (my witnefs is in 
heaven), that I could wifh many pound-weights added to my crofs, 
to know that by my fufFerings Chrifl: were fet forward in His kingly 
office in this land. Oh, what is my fkin to His glory ; or my loffes, 
or my fad heart, to the apple of the eye of our Lord and His beloved 
Spoufe, His precious truth. His royal privileges, the glory of mani- 
fefted juflice in giving of His foes a dafh, the teftimony of His faith- 
ful fervants, who do glorify Him, when He rideth upon poor, weak 
worms, and triumpheth in them ! I defire you to pray, that I may 
come out of this furnace with honefty, and that I may leave Chrift's 
truth no worfe than I found it ; and that this mofl honourable caufe 
may neither be flained nor weakened. 

As for your caufe, my reverend and dearefl brother, ye are the 
talk of the north and fouth ; and looked to, fo as if ye were all 
cryftal glafs. Your motes and dufl would foon be proclaimed, and 
trumpets blown at your flips. But I know that ye have laid help 
upon One that is mighty. Intruft not your comforts to men's airy 
and frothy applaufe, neither lay your down-caflings on the tongues 
of fait J mockers and reproachers of godlinefs. " As deceivers, and 
yet true ; as unknown, and yet well known."§ God hath called you 
to Chrifl's fide, and the wind is now in Chrifl's face in this land ; 
and feeing ye are with Him, ye cannot expeft the lee-fide, || or the 
funny fide of the brae. But I know that ye have refolved to take 
Chrifl upon any terms whatfoever. I hope that ye do not rue,5[ 
though your caufe be hated, and prejudices are taken up againfl it. 

* Burden, deprefs. t Frowns. 

X Bitter, farcaftic ? In Jamiefon's Dift. we have it lignifying **trouble- 
fome." § 2 Cor. vi. 8, 9. 

II The fheltered fide of the hill. 1 Repent of it. 

288 LETTER CXVI. [1637. 

The fhields of the world think our Mafler cumberfome wares, and 
that He maketh too great din, and that His cords and yokes make 
blains, and deep fcores in their neck. Therefore they kick. They 
fay, *' This man fhall not reign over us." 

Let us pray one for another. He who hath made you a chofen 
arrow in His quiver, hide you in the hollow of His hand ! 
I am yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 9, 1637. 

CXVL — To the Right Honourable my Lord Loudon. 

[John Campbell, firft Earl of Loudon, and the fon of Sir James 
Campbell of Lawers, was a man of diftinguifhed talents, and of a very decided 
charadter. In the hiftor)' of his country he makes no fmall figure as a ftrenu- 
ous opponent of the attempts made by Charles I. to impofe Prelacy and arbi- 
trary- power on Scotland. He was a member of the General AfTembly which 
met at Glafgow in 1638, in the bufinefs of which he took an ad:ive part. 
When the King, diflatisfied with the proceedings of this Aflembly, put him- 
felf at the head of an army to reduce his Scottifh fubjeds to fubmiflion, 
Loudon had a leading hand in the meafures then adopted for preferving the 
religion and liberties of Scotland, according to the ecclefiaftical and civil laws 
of the kingdom. In the Ikirmifh at Newbum, where the King's forces were 
defeated by the Scottifh army, he commanded a brigade of horfe. In 1641, 
when peace was reftored between the King and his Scottifh fubjeds, Loudon 
was made Lord Chancellor of Scotland, a fituation which he held till after 
the execution of Charles I., and the calling home of Charles 1 1, by the Scots in 
1650. Malignants being again brought into places of power and truft, he 
demitted his office. He continued, howe\er, ftrongly to adhere to the caufe 
of Charles, in confequence of which he was excepted from Cromwell's a(5l of 
indemnity, and his eftates forfeited. But all that he had fuffered for the royal 
caufe did not recommend him to the favour of the unprincipled government 
of Charles II. His name is in the lift of Middleton's fines (impofed upon 
the gentlemen of Ayrfhire in i66a) for L. 12, 000. He felt convinced that, 
fhould his life be fpared, he would fall an early vidim to the vengeance of his 
enemies, and often exhorted his pious lady to befeech the Lord that he might 
not live to the next feffion of Parliament, elfe he would fhare the fame fate with 
the Marquis of Argyle. His wilh was granted ; for he died at Edinburgh, 
March 15, 1662. Rutherford's ^* Divine Right of Church Government and 

1637.] LETTER CXVI. 289 

Excommunication," printed at London in 1646, is dedicated to this noble- 
man, who was then Chancellor of the Univerfity of St Andrews. His fon 
James, fecond Earl of Loudon, was fubjeded to no fmall perfecution under 
the dominancy of Prelacy ; and, feeking refuge in Holland, took up his refi- 
dence at Leyden, where he died on the 29th of Odober 1684.] 



Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I make bold to 
write to your Lorddiip, that you may know the honour- 
able caufe which ye are graced* to profefs is Chrift's own truth. 
Ye are many ways blefTed of God, who have taken upon you to 
come out to the ftreets with Chrifl on your forehead, when {o many 
are afhamed of Him, and hide Him (as it were) under their cloak, 
as if He were a ftolen Chrift. If this faithlefs generation, and 
efpecially the nobles of this kingdom, thought not Chrift dear wares, 
and reli^on expeniive, hazardous, and dangerous, they would not 
flip from His caufe as they do, and fland looking on with their 
hands folded behind their back when lounsf are running with the 
fpoil of Zion on their back, and the boards of the Son of God's 
tabernacle. Law and juftice are to be had by any, efpecially for 
money and moyen ;\ but Chrifl can get no law, good-cheap § or 
dear. It were the glory and honour of you, who are the nobles of 
this land, to plead for your wronged Bridegroom and His oppreffed 
fpouse, as far as zeal and flanding law will go with you. Your 
ordinary lo^c from the event, " that it will do no good to the caufe, 
and, therefore, filence is beft till the Lord put to His own hand," is 
not (with reverence to your Lordfhip's learning) worth a ftraw. 
Events are God's. Let us do, || and not plead againfl God's office. 
Let Him fit at His own helm, who moderateth all events. It is 

* Allulion to Luke i. 28, x£jiot,p;T<y,a£v-/?, '' graced, highly favoured." 
t Rogues, worthlefs fcoundrels. % Means, influence. 

§ Gratis. || Ad. 

VOL. I. T 

290 LETTER CXVL [1637. 

not a good courfe to complain that we cannot get a providence of 
gold, when our lazinefs, cold zeal, temporizing, and faithlefs fear- 
fulnefs fpilleth * good providence. 

Your Lordftiip will pardon me : I am not of that mind, that 
tumults or arms is the way to put Chrift on His throne ; or that 
Chrifl will be ferved and truth vindicated, only with the arm of 
flefh and blood. Nay, Chrifl doth His turn with lefs din, than with 
garments rolled in blood. But I would that the zeal of God were 
in the nobles to do their part for Chrift ; and I muft be pardoned 
to write to your Lordfhip thus. 

I dow not,f I dare not, but fpeak to others what God hath done 
to the foul of His poor, afBi6led exile-prifoner. His comfort is more 
than I ever knew before. He hath fealed the honourable caufe 
which I now fufFer for, and I fhall not believe that Chrift will put 
His amen and ringj upon an imagination. He hath made all His 
promifes good to me, and hath filled up all the blanks with His 
own hand. I would not exchange my bonds with the plaftered joy 
of this whole world. It hath pleafed Him to make a fmner the like 
of me an ordinary banqueter in His houfe-of-wine, with that royal, 
princely One, Chrifl: Jefus. O what weighing, O what telling is 
in His love ! How fweet mufi: He be, when that black and burden- 
ibme tree. His own crofs, is fo perfumed with joy and gladnefs ! 
Oh for help to lift Him up by praifes on His royal throne ! I feek 
no more than that His name may be fpread abroad in me, that 
meikle § good may be fpoken of Chrift on my behalf ; and this being 
done, my loITes, place, fiipend, credit, eafe, and liberty, fhall all be 
made up to my full contentment and joy of heart. 

I fhall be confident that your Lordfhip will go on in the if rength 
of the Lord, and keep Chrilf, and avouch Him, that He may read 
your name publicly before men and angels. I fhall entreat your 
Lordfhip to exhort and encourage that nobleman, your chief, || to 

* Spoils. t I cannot. 

X As if fealing it by His ring as in marriage, or as Efth. iii. 10. 

§ Much. II The Earl of Argyle. 

1637.] LETTER CXVIL 291 

do the fame. But I am wo* that many of yon find a new wifdom, 
which deferveth not fiich a name. It were better that men would 
fee that their wifdom be holy, and their holinefs wife. 

I muft be bold to defire your Lordfhip to add to your former 
favours to me (for the which your Lordfhip hath a prifoner's blefs- 
ing and prayers), this, that ye would be pleafed to befriend my 
brother, now fuffering for the fame caufe ; for as he is to dwell 
nigh your Lordfhip's bounds, your Lordfhip's word and countenance 
may help him. 

Thus recommending your Lordfhip to the faving grace and 
tender mercy of Chrifl Jefus our Lord, I reft, your Lordfhip's 
obliged fervant in Chrift, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, March 9, 1637. 

CXVIL — To Mr William Dalgleish, Minijler of the Go/pel. 

[Mr William Dalgleish was minifter of the conjund parilhes of 
Anwoth, Kirkdale, and Kirkmabreck.f He preached at Anwoth only every 
alternate week ; but fo abundantly blefled were his labours to the people, that 
when he fuiTendered (quoad facra) the charge of Anwoth to Rutherford, upon 
its being formed into a diftind: parochial charge, not only many of the humbler 
clafs of the parifhioners, but the proprietors too, had embraced the doArines of 
the Gofpel. Dalgleilh ftridly adhered to Prefbyterian principles, and on that 
account was fubjed:ed to trouble. Upon the death of Andrew Lamb, the 
tolerant Bifhop of Galloway, in 1634, and the elevation of Thomas SydferfF, 
Bifhop of Brechin, a man of the moft intolerant character, to the vacant fee, 
the prelate immediately threatened Rutherford and Dalgleifh with a profecution 
before the High Commiflion Court, as appears from a letter written at that 
time by Rutherford to Marion M^ Naught, referring to a requeft which he and 
Dalgleifh had made to her to ufe her influence in inducing Lord Kirkcudbright 

* Grieved. 

f Bar holm Cajile is in this parifh, and was the fpot where John Knox was 
fecreted previous to his efcape for the Continent. His fignature was long 
fhown on the wall of one of the rooms. You fee the old walls, covered with 
ivy, on the right of the road as you are going from Kirkdale to Creetown. 
The modern Barholm is a fine manfion, on the other fide of Creetown. 

292 LETTER CXVIL [1637. 

to extend to them his proteftion. (See Let. 34.) Next year, he was de- 
prived of his charge as minifter of the united parifhes of Kirkdale* and Kirk- 
mabreck. In 163 7, when Epifcopacy began to be the lofing caufe, he returned 
to his flock. His name appears on the roll of the members of the famous 
Aflembly which met at Glafgow^ in 1638 ; and in 1639 ^^ was tranflated to 
Cramond, as fucceflbr to Mr William Colville, afterwards Principal of the 
Univerfity of Edinburgh; to whom he appears to have been related, as the 
name of his wife was Elizabeth Colville. He was the intimate friend of the 
well-known Alexander Henderfon, who by his latter wdll ordained his executor 
*' to deliver to my dear acquaintance Mr John Duncan, at Culrofs, and Mr 
William Dalgleifh, minifter at Cramond, all my manufcripts and papers which 
are in my ftudy, and that belong to me any where elfe ; and after they have 
received them, to deftroy or preferve and keep them, as they fhall judge con- 
venient for their own private or the public good." In 1662, Dalgleifh was 
ejected for non-confoiTnity, and died before the Revolution. Rutherford often 
preached at Kirkmabreck. We have notes of feveral fermons in print, as 
preached by him there, at Communions.] 


? and peace be to you. — I am well. My Lord Jefus is 
kinder to me than ever He was. It pleafeth Him to 
dine and fup with His afflicSled prifoner. A King feafteth me, and 
His fpikenard cafteth a fweet fmell. Put Chrift's love to the trial, 
and put upon it our burdens, and then it will appear love indeed. 
We employ not His love, and therefore we know it not. I verily 
count the fufferings of my Lord more than this world's luflredf 
and over-gilded glory. I dare not fay but my Lord Jefus hath fully 
recompenfed my fadnefs with His joys, my lofFes with His own 
prefence. I find it a fweet and rich thing to exchange my forrows 
with Chrift's joys, my afflicflions with that fweet peace I have with 

* The modem manfion of Kirkdale looks acrofs the bay to Wigton, and 
is seen peering out on the pafTer-by from its high platform above the road. 
Kirkmabreck was a pendicle of the abbey of Dundrennan^ which Ls about 
feven miles from Kirkcudbright. (Nicolfon's^ro/Z^W.) 

t Shining by art. 

1637-] LETTER CXFIL 293 

Brother, this is His own truth I now lufFer for. He hath fealed 
my fufFerings with His own comforts, and I know that He will not 
put His feal upon blank paper. His feals are not dumb nor delufive, 
to confirm imaginations and lies. Go on, my dear brother, in the 
flrength of the Lord, not fearing man who is a worm, nor the ion 
of man that fhall die. Providence hath a thoufand keys, to open a 
thoufand fundry doors for the deliverance of His own, when it is 
even come to a coticlamatum eft* Let us be faithful, and care for 
our own part, which is to do and fuffer for Him, and lay Chrift's 
part on Himfelf, and leave it there. Duties are ours, events are the 
Lord's. When our faith goeth to meddle with events, and to hold 
a court (if I may fo fpeak) upon God's providence, and beginneth 
to fay, " How wilt Thou do this and that ? " we lofe ground. We 
have nothing to do there. It is our part to let the Almighty ex- 
ercife His own office, and fleer His own helm. There is nothing 
left to us, but to fee how we may be approved of Him, and how 
we may roll the weight of our weak fouls in well-doing upon Him 
who is God Omnipotent : and when that we thus efTay mifcarrieth, 
it will be neither our fm nor crofs. 

Brother, remember the Lord's word to Peter ; " Simon, loveft 
thou Me ? — Feed My fheep." No greater teftimony of our love to 
Chrifl can be, than to feed carefully and faithfully His lambs. 

I am in no better neighbourhood with the minifters here than 
before : they cannot endure that any fpeak of me, or to me. Thus 
I am, in the mean time, filent, which is my greateft grief. Dr 
Barron f hath often difputed with me, efpecially about Arminian con- 

* *^ All is over!" 

t Barron was a branch of the family of Kinnaird in Fifefhire, and educated 
at St Andrews. He afterwards became minifter in the parifh of Keith; in 
1624 was appointed to a charge in Aberdeen; and 1625 nominated ProfefTor 
of Divinity in Marifchal College there. He was a determined opponent of 
Rutherford, Dickfon, and others, and was obliged to refign the chair and 
retire to Berwick, where he died in 1639. Vide Funeral Sermon by Patrick 
Forbes, publiflied by the Spotteswoode Society, p. 27, and Baillie's Letters, 

294 LETTER CXVIII. [1637. 

troverfies, and for the ceremonies. Three yokings* laid him by -, 
and I have not been troubled with him fmce. Now he hath ap- 
pointed a difpute before witnelTes ; I truil: that Chrift and truth will 
do for themfelves. 

I hope, brother, that ye will help my people ; and write to me 
what ye hear the Bifhop is to do with them. Grace be with you. 
Your brother in bonds, 

S. R. 

CXVIII. — To Mr Hugh Mackail, Minifter of the Go/pel at Irvine. 


for your letter. He is come down as rain upon the 
mown grafs -, He hath revived my withered root ; and 
He is the dew of herbs. I am mofl fecure in this prifon : falvation 
is for walls in it -, and what think ye of thefe walls .'* He maketh 
the dry plant to bud as the lily, and to blofTom as Lebanon : — the 
great Hufbandman's bleiling cometh down upon the plants of 
righteoufnefs. Who may fay this, my dear brother, if I, His poor 
exiled ftranger and prifoner, may not fay it ? Howbeit all the world 
Ihould be filent, I cannot hold my peace. Oh how many black 
accounts have Chrift and I rounded over together in the houfe of 
my pilgrimage ! and how fat a portion He hath given to a hungry 
jbul ! I had rather have Chrift's four-hours,-]- than have dinner 
and fupper both in one from any other. His dealing, and the way 
of His judgments, are paft finding out. No preaching, no book, 
no learning, could give me that which it behoved me to come and 
get in this town. But what of all this, if I were not mifted, J and 

* Contefts, onlets. t Afternoon refrefliment, which was very flight. 

X Like one in a mift. 

1637.] LETTER CXVIII. 295 

confounded, and aftonifhed how to be thankful, and how to get 
Him praifed for evermore ! And, what is more, He hath been 
pleafed to pain me with His love, and my pain groweth through 
want of real pofleffion. 

Some have written to me, that I am poilibly too joyful of the 
crofs ; but my joy overleapeth the crofs, it is bounded and termi- 
nated upon Chrift. I know that the fun will overcloud and eclipfe, 
and that I fhall again be put to walk in the fhadow : but Chrift 
mufl be welcome to come and go, as He thinketh meet. Yet He 
would be more welcome to me, I trow, to come than to go. And 
I hope He pitieth and pardoneth me, in cafling apples to me at fuch 
a fainting time as this. Holy and blefled is His name ! It was not 
my flattering of Chrift that drew a kifs from His mouth. But He 
would fend me as a fpy into this wildernefs of fuffering, to fee the 
land and try the ford ; and I cannot make a lie of Chrift's crofs. 
I can report nothing but good both of Him and it, left others ftiould 
faint. I hope, when a change cometh, to caft anchor at midnight 
upon the Rock which He hath taught me to know in this day-light ; 
whither I may run, when I muft fay my leflbn without book, and 
believe in the dark. I am fure it is fm to tarrow* at Chrift's good 
meat, and not to eat when He faith, '^ Eat, O well-beloved, and 
drink abundantly." If He bear me on His back, or carry me in 
His arms over this water, I hope for grace to fet down my feet on 
dry ground, when the way is better. But this is flippery ground : 
my Lord thought good I fliould go by a hold, and lean on my 
Well-beloved's fhoulder. It is good to be ever taking from Him. 
I defire that He may get the fruit of praifes, for dawtingf and thus 
dandling me on His knee : and I may give my bond of thankfulnefs, 
{o being I have Chrift's back-bond J again for my relief, that I fhall 
be ftrengthened by His powerful grace to pay my vows to Him. 
But, truly, I find that we have the advantage of the brae upon our 

* To be pettifh at. f Fondling. 

X A bond given after a former bond, declaring the perfon who gave the 
firft bond free. 

29^ LETTER CXIX. [1637. 

enemies : we are more than conquerors through Him who loved 
us ; and they know not wherein our ilrength lieth. 
Pray for me. Grace be with you. 

Your brother in Chrill, 

S. R. 


CXIX. — To Mr David Dickson. 


and peace be unto you. — I find that great men, efpecially 
old friends, fcaur* to fpeak for me. But my kingly and 
royal Mafter biddeth me to try his moyenf to the uttermofi:, and I 
fhall find a friend at hand. I ftill depend upon Him ; His court is 
fiill as before ; the prifoner is welcome to Him. The black, crabbed 
tree of my Lord's crofs hath made Chrifi: and my foul very entire. 
He is my fong in the night. I am often laid in the dufl with 
challenges, and apprehenfions of His anger ; and then, if a mountain 
of iron were laid upon me, I cannot be heavier ; and with much 
wreftling I win into the King's houfe-of-wine. And then, for the 
mofl part, my life is joy ; and fuch joy through His comforts, as I 
have been afraid left I fhould fiiame myfelf and cry out, for I can 
Icarce bear what I get. Chrift giveth me a meafure heaped up, 
prefled down, and running over ; and, believe it, His love paineth more 
than prilbn and banifhment. I cannot get the way of Chrifl's love. 
Had I known what He was keeping for me, I ihould never have 
been fo faint-hearted. In my heavieft times, when all is lofl, the 
memory of His love maketh me think Chrift's glooms are but 
for the fafhion.J I leek no more than a vent to my wine ; § I am 

* Are afi-aid, boggk^ at. t Means or intereft. 

X Frowns for form's fake. § Alkiding to Job xxxii. 19. 

1637.] LETTER CXIX, 297 

fmothered and ready to burfi: for want of vent. Think not much 
of perfecution. It is before you -, but it is not as men conceive of 
it. My fugared crofs forceth me to fay this to you, ye fhall have 
waled* meat. The fick bairn is ofttime the fpilledf bairn; ye fhali 
command all the houfe. I hope that ye help a tired priibner to 
praife and pray. Had I but the annual of annual J to give to my 
Lord Jefus, it would eafe my pain. But, alas ! I have nothing to 
pay. He will get nothing of poor me -, but I am wo that I have 
not room enough in my heart for fuch a ftranger. I am not caft 
down to go farther north. I have good caufe to work for my 
Mafter, for I am well paid beforehand •, I am not behind, howbeit 
I fhould not get one fmile more till my feet be up within the King's 

I have gone through yours upon the Covenant ; § it hath edified 
my foul, and refrefhed a hungry man. I judge it fharp, fweet, 
quick, and profound. Take me at my word, I fear that it get no 
lodging in Scotland. 

The brethren of Ireland write not to me ; chide with them for 
that. I am fure that I may give you and them a commiffion (and 
I will abide by it), that you tell my Beloved that I am fick of love. 
I hope in God to leave fome of my rufl and fuperfluities in Aber- 
deen. I cannot get a houfe in this town wherein to leave drink- 
filver II in my Maker's name, fave one only. There is no fale for 
Chrifl in the north ; He is like to lie long on my hand, ere any 
accept Him. Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 


* The beft, felefted. f The fpoilt child. 

X The fmalleft return, the quit-rent of a quit-rent. 

§ Therapeutica Sacra ; feu de curandis cafibus confcientiae circa regenera- 
tionem per Foederum Divinonim applicationem. 
II A token of regard for kindnefs fliown. 

298 LETTER CXX, [1637. 

CXX.— T*^ Mr Matthew Mowat. 

[Matthew Mowat, Ion to the Laird of Bufbie (Lett. 133), was minifter 
of Kilmarnock. He was one of the feven leading minifters in the weft whom 
the Parliament, after the reft oration of Charles IL, brought before them with 
the view of extorting their acquiefcence in the eftablifhment of Prelacy ; w^hich, 
if effected, it was apprehended would have an influence in leading others to 
comply. They were all put in prifon, and refuting (though feveral times brought 
before the Parliament), to take the oath of allegiance without explanation, inas- 
much as it involved the oath of fupremacy, they were more feverely treated. 
Livingftone defcribes Mowat as ^^one of a meek, fweet difpofition, ftraight 
and zealous for the truth." Rutherford, who highly valued him, fays in 
one of his letters, *^ I cannot fpeak to a man fo flck of love to Chrift as Mr 
Matthew Mowat;" and in another, '' I am greatly in love with Mr Matthew 
Mowat, for I fee him really ftampt with the image of God." The time of 
his death is unknown. Some additional notices of him are to be found in 
Wodrow's Analeda^ vol. iii.] 


far miflaken man. If others knew how poor my ftock 
was, they would not think upon the like of me, but 
with compafTion. For I am as one kept under a ftrift tutor ; I would 
have more than my tutor alloweth me. But it is good that a bairn's 
wit is not the rule which regulateth my Lord Jefus. Let Him give 
what He will, it fhall aye be above merit, and my ability to gain 
therewith. I would not wifh a better ftock, whill * heaven be my 
ftock, than to live upon credit at Chrift's hands, daily borrowing. 
Surely, running-over love (that vaft, huge, boundlefs love of Chrift 
that there is telling f in for man and angels!) is the only thing I moil: 
fain would be in hands with. He knoweth that I have little 
but the love of that love , and that I Ihall be happy, fuppose I 
never get another heaven but only an eternal, lafling, feaft of that 

Till. t Which will trv the Ikill of men and angels to eftimate. 

i637-] LETTER CXX, 299 

love. But luppofe my wifhes were poor, He is not poor : Chrill:, 
all the feafons of the year, is dropping fweetnefs. If I had velTels, 
I might fill them ; but my old, riven,* and running-out difh, even 
when I am at the Well, can bring little away. Nothing but glory 
will make tight and faft our leaking and riftyf vefTels. Alas ! I have 
(kailedj more of Chrifl's grace, love, faith, humility, and godly 
for row, than I have brought with me. How little of the fea can a 
child carry in his hand ! As little dow § I take away of my great 
Sea, my boundlefs and running-over Chrifl Jefus. 

I have not lighted upon the right gate || of putting Chrifl to the 
bank, and making myfelf rich with Him. My mifguiding and 
childifh trafficking with that matchlefs Pearl, that heaven's Jewel, 
the Jewel of the Father's delights, hath put me to a great lofs. 
O that He would take a loan of me, and my ftock, and put His 
name in all my bonds, and ferve Himfelf heir to the poor, mean, 
portion which I have, and be accountable for the talent Himfelf ! 
Gladly would I put Chrifl into my room to guide all ; and let me 
be but a fervant to run errands, and a6f by His direction. Let me 
be His interdifted^ heir. Lord Jefus, work upon my minority, 
and let Him win a pupil's bleffing. Oh, how would I rejoice to 
have this work of my falvation legally faftened upon Chrift ! A 
back-bond** of my Lord Jefus that it fhould be forthcoming to the 
orphan, would be my happiness. Dependency on Chrift were my 
furefl way ; if Chrifl: were my foundation, I were fure enough. I 
thought the guiding of grace had been no art ;ff I thought it would 
come of will ; but I would fpill JJ my own heaven yet, if I had not 
burdened Chrift with all. I but lend my bare name to the fweet 
covenant ; Chrift, behind and before, and on either fide, maketh 
all fure. God will not take an Arminian cautioner. §§ Freewill is 
a weather-cock, turning at a ferpent's tongue, a tutor that cowped || || 
our Father Adam, unto us ; and brought down the houie ; and 

* Rent. t Full of rents. % Spilled. § Am able to. || Way. 
^ Forbidden by interdict to enter a pofleflion in the meantime. 
"** See Let. 118. ft Required no (kill, but would come as I chofe. 

XX Mar. §§ Surety. |||| Overturned, uplet. 

300 LETTER CXX. [1637. 

fold the land ; and ient the father, and mother, and all the bairns 
through the earth to beg their bread. Nature in the Gofpel hath 
but a cracked credit. Oh, well to* my poor foul for evermore, that 
my Lord called grace to the council, and put Chrifl Jefus, with 
free merits and the blood of God, foremoft in the chafe to draw 
fmners after a Ranfomer ! Oh, what a fweet block f was it by 
way of buying and felling, to ^ve and tell down a ranfom for grace 
and glory to dyvours \\ Oh, would to my Lord that I could caufe 
paper and ink to fpeak the worth and excellency, the high and 
loud praifes of a Brother-ranfomer ! The Ranfomer needeth not 
my report, but, oh, if He would take it, and make ufe of it ! I 
fhould be happy if I had an errand to this world, but for fome few 
years, to fpread proclamations, and outcries, and love-letters of the 
highnefs, the highnefs for evermore, the glory, the glory for ever- 
more, of the Ranfomer, whofe clothes were wet and dyed in blood ! 
albeit, after I had done that, my foul and body fhould go back to 
their mother Nothing that their Creator brought them once out from, 
as from their beginning. But why fhould I pine away, and pain 
myfelf with wifhes ? and not believe, rather, that Chrift will hire 
fuch an outcaft as I am, a mafterlefs § body, put out of the houfe 
by the fons of my mother, and give me employment and a calling, 
one way or other, to fet out Chriil and His wares to country 
buyers, and propofe Chrift unto, and prefs Him upon fome poor 
fouls, that fainer than their life would receive Him ? 

You complain heavily of '' your fhortcoming in practice, and 
venturing on fufFering for Chrift." You have many marrows. || 
For the firft, I would put you off a fenfe of wretchednefs. Hold 
on ! Chrift never yet flew a fighing, groaning child : more of that 
would make you won goods, f and a meet prey for Chrift. Alas ! 
I have too little of it, for venturing on fufFering. I had not fo much 
free gear** when I came to Chrift's camp as to buy a fword. I 

* It has been well for my foul. t Bargain drawn up. % Debtors. 

§ None to own him as under his care. || Many to match you. 
t Goods already got. ** Money. 

1637.] LETTER CXXI. 301 

wonder* that Chrill: fhould not laugh at fuch a foldier. I am no 
better yet ; but faith liveth and fpendeth upon our Captain's charges, 
who is able to pay for all. We need not pity Him, He is rich 

Ye defire me alfo '' Not to miftake Chrift under a mafk.'* I 
blefs you, and thank God for it. But alas ! mafked or bare-faced, 
kifling or glooming, I miflake Him : yea, I miftake Him the far- 
theft when the mafk is off ; for then I play me with His fweetnefs. 
I am like a child that hath a gilded book, that playeth with the 
ribbons and the gilding, and the pi(5ture on the firft page, but readeth 
not the contents of it. Certainly, if my defires to my Well-beloved 
were fulfilled, I could provoke devils, and croffes, and the world, 
and temptations to the field ; but oh ! my poor weaknefs maketh 
me lie behind the bufh and hide me. 

Remember my fervice and my bleiling to my Lord. I am 
mindful of him as I am able. Defire him from a prifoner, to come 
and vifit my good Mafler, and feel but the fmell of His love. It 
fetteth himf well, howbeit he be young, to make Chrifl his gar- 
land. I could not wifh him in a better cafe, than in a fever of 
love-ficknefs for Chrift. 

Remember my bonds. The Lord Jefus be with your fpirit. 
Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

CXXL — To William Halliday. 

[The name '* Halliday" occurs on the tombftones of the old churchyard 
of Anwoth. No doubt this correfpondent was one of his flock at Anwoth. 
One of the name lies buried in the old churchyard, with the following in- 
fcription on her tombftone : — 

** Margaret Halliday ^ fpoufe of John Bell in Archland, 163 1. O death, 

* In old editions, it is ^^ ^ wonder," as if in way of exclamation. 
t It becomes him. 

302 LETTER CXXIL [1637. 

I will be thy death ! Now is Chrift rifen from the dead, and is the firft fruits 
of them that . . ." (broken off.) 

Archland is the fame place as Henton^ in the parifh of Anwoth, a notice 
of which is given at Letter 219, addrefled to this John Bell.] 


OVING FRIEND, — I received your letter. — I wifh that 
ye take pains for falvation. Miftaken grace, and fome- 
what like converfion which is not converfion, is the 
faddeft and moft doleful thing in the world. Make fure of falvation, 
and lay the foundation fure, for many are beguiled. Put a low price 
upon the world's clay ; but a high price upon Chrift. Temptations 
will come , but if they be not made welcome by you, ye have the 
beft of it. Be jealous over yourfelf and your own heart, and keep 
touches* with God. Let Him not have a faint and feeble foldier 
of you. Fear not to back Chrift, for He will conquer and over- 
come. Let no man fcaurf at Chrift, for I have no quarrels at His 
crofs ; He and His crofs are two good guefts, and worth the lodg- 
ing. Men would fain have Chrift good-cheap ;J but the market 
will not come down. Acquaint yourfelf with prayer. Make Chrift 
your Captain and your armour. Make confcience of fmmng§ when 
no eye feeth you. Grace be with you. 

Yours, in Chrift Jefus, 
Aberdeen. S. R. 

CXXIL — To a Gentleiuoinaji, after the death of her Hufband. 


EAR AND LOVING SISTER,— I know that ye are 
minding your fweet country, and not taking your inn, 
the place of your banifhment, for your home. This 

* Keep faith with. It is an old Englifh phrafe for '^ exad performance of 

t Boggle at, go off in fear. + Gratis. 

§ Be confcientioiis as to finning. 

1 63 7- J LETTER CXXII. 503 

life is not worthy to be the thatch, or outer wall, of the paradife of 
your Lord Jefus, that He did fweat for to yon, and that He keepeth 
for you. Short, and filly, and fand-blind were our hope, if it 
could not look over the water to our befl heritage, and if it flayed 
only at home about the doors of our clay houfe. 

I marvel not, my dear fifter, that ye complain that ye come 
Ihort of your old wreftlings which ye had for a bleffing ; and that 
now you find it not fo. Bairns are but hired to learn their lefTon 
when they firfl go to fchool. And it is enough that thofe who run 
a race fee the gold only at the flarting-place ; and poflibly they fee 
little more of it, or nothing at all till they win to the rinks-end, * 
and get the gold in the looff of their hand. Our Lord maketh 
delicates and dainties of His fweet prefents and love-vifits to His 
own : but Chrifl's love, under a veil, is love. If ye get Chrift, 
howbeit not the fweet and pleafant way ye would have Him, it is 
enough ; for the Well-beloved cometh not our way ; He muft wale 
His own gate J Himfelf. For worldly things, feeing there are 
meadows and fair flowers in your way to heaven, a fmell in the by- 
going § is fufficient. He that would reckon and tell all the flones 
in his way, in a journey of three or four hundred miles, and write 
up in his count-book || all the herbs and the flowers growing in his 
way, might come fhort of his journey. You cannot flay, in your 
inch of time, to lofe your day (feeing that you are in hafle, and the 
night and your afternoon will not bidef you), in fetting youi heart 
on this vain world. It were your wifdom to read your account- 
book, II and to have in readinefs your bufmefs, againfl the time you 
come to death's water-fide. I know that your lodging is taken ; 
your forerunner, Chrift, hath not forgotten that ; and therefore you 
mufl fet yourfelf to your ** one thing," which you cannot well want. 

In that our Lord took your hufband to Himfelf, I know it was 
that He might make room for Himfelf. He cutteth off your love to 
the creature, that ye might learn that God only is the right owner 

* Get to the end of the courfe. f Palm of the hand. 

X Seled His own way. § In the pafTing by. || Journal. ^ Wait for. 

304 LETTER CXXIII. [1637. 

of your love. Sorrow, lofs, fadnefs, death, are the worft of things 
that are, except fin. But Chrifl knoweth well what to make of 
them, and can put His own in the crofPs common,* that we fhall 
be obliged to affli6^ion, and thank God who taught us to make our 
acquaintance with fuch a rough companion, who can hale us to 
Chrifl. You mufl learn to make your evils your great good -, and 
to fpin comforts, peace, joy, communion with Chrifl, out of your 
troubles, which are Chrift's wooers, fent to fpeak for youf to Himfelf. 
It is eafy to get good words, and a comfortable meflage from our 
Lord, even from fuch rough ferjeants as divers temptations. Thanks 
to God for crofTes ! When we count and reckon our lofTes in feek- 
ing God, we find that godlinefs is great gain. Great partners of 
a fhipful of gold are glad to fee the fhip come to the harbour ; — 
furely we, and our Lord Jefus together, have a fhipful of gold 
coming home, and our gold is in that fhip. Some are fo in love, 
or, rather, in lufl, with this life, that they fell their part of the fhip 
for a little thing. I would counfel you to buy hope, but fell it not, 
and give not away your croffes for nothing. The infide of Chrifl's 
crofs is white and joyful, and the far-end of the black crofs is a fair 
and glorious heaven of eafe. And feeing Chrifl hath faflened 
heaven to the far-end of the crofs, and He will not loofe the knot 
Himfelf, and none elfe can (for when Chrifl caflethj a knot, all 
the world cannot loofe it), let us then count it exceeding joy when 
we fall into divers temptations. 

Thus recommending you to the tender mercy and grace of our 
Lord, I refl, your loving brother, 

S. R. 

CXXin. — To John Gordon of Cardonefs, Younger. 

[John Gordon of Cardonefs, younger, like his father, previoufly noticed 
(Let. 82), was naturally a man of ftrong paflions. Judging from this letter, he 

* Put you under deep obligations to the crofs. 
t See I Kings ii. 18. % Tieth. 

1 63 7-] LETTER CXXIII. 305 

appears not only to have been negledful of religion, but to have freely indulged 
in the follies and vices of youth. Rutherford vv^arns him of his fin and danger 
with much freedom and affectionate earneftnefs ; and thefe warnings, it is to 
be hoped, were not in vain. He was in the Covenanters' army in England in 
1644, as appears from a letter of his preferved among the Wodrow MSS. It 
is dated ** Sunderland, 28th Mai'ch 1644," and is addreffed to Mr Thomas 
Wylie. It is \\Titten in a religious ftrain. After referring to the fuccefs of the 
aiTTiy, and to the account of this drawn up by Mr Robert Douglas, it contains 
in the clofe the following paflage: — ^^ I entreat you be kind to my wife, and 
deal with her neither to take my abfence, nor the form of coming from her, in 
evil part; for, in God's prefence, public duties and nothing elfe removed me, 
or man-ed the form of my removal. Be eameft with her that fhe feek a nearer 
acquaintance with Chrift: and fail not to pray for her and her family, and me." 
{Wodroqjj MSS., vol. xxix. 4to.)] 


late to you : multitudes of letters burden me now. I 
am refrefhed with your letter. 

I exhort you in the bowels of Chriil:, fet to work for your foul. 
And let thefe bear weight with you, and ponder them ferioufly : 
ly?. Weeping and gnafhing of teeth in utter darknefs, or heaven's 
joy. 2(i/y, Think what ye would give for an hour, when ye fhall 
lie like dead, cold, blackened clay, '^d/y. There is fand in your glafs 
yet, and your fun is not gone down, ^h/y, Confider what joy and 
peace are in Chrift's fervice. 5//Vj?, Think what advantage it will be 
to have angels, the world, life and death, croffes, yea, and devils, 
all for you, as the King's ferjeants and fervants, to do your bufinefs. 
6t/)ly, To have mercy on your feed, and a bleffing on your houfe. 
ytkly^ To have true honour, and a name on earth that cafteth a 
fweet fmell. Sth/y, How ye will rejoice when Chrift layeth down 
your head under His chin, and betwixt His breafts, and drieth 
your face, and welcometh you to glory and happinefs. ^th/y, Ima- 
gine what pain and torture is a guilty confcience -, what flavery to 
carry the devil's diflioneft loads, lothly, Sin's joys are but night- 
dreams, thoughts, vapours, imaginations, and fhadows. iithly, 

VOL. I. u 

3o6 LETTER CXXIV. [1637. 

What dignity it is to be a fon of God. I ithly. Dominion and mas- 
tery over temptations, over the world and fm. '^ykly^ That your 
enemies fhould be the tail, and you the head. 

For your bairns, now at reft, I fpeak to you and your wife (and 
caufe her read this). I/?, I am a witnefs for Barbara's glory in 
heaven. 2^/y, For the reft, I write it under my hand, there are 
days coming on Scotland when barren wombs, and dry breafts, and 
childlefs parents ftiall be pronounced blefled. They are, then, in 
the lee of the harbour ere the ftorm come on. 3^/)', They are not 
loft to you that are laid up in Chrift's treafury in heaven, ^hly. 
At the refurre6lion, ye fhall meet with them; thither they are fent 
before, but not fent away. 5^^/)', Your Lord loveth you, who is 
homely* to take and give, borrow and lend. 6/^/)', Let not bairns 
be your idols ; for God will be jealous, and take away the idol, be- 
caufe He is greedy of your love wholly. 

I blefs you, your wife, and children. Grace for evermore be 
with you. 

Your loving paftor, 

S. R. 

CXXIV.— r^ John Gordon of Cardonefs , Elder. 




Your letter hath refreftied my foul. My joy is fulfilled 
if Chrift and ye be faft together. Ye are my joy and 

my crown. Ye know that I have recommended His love to you. 
I defy the world, Satan, and fin. His love hath neither brim nor 
bottom in it. My deareft in Chrift, I write my foul's defire to you. 
Heaven is not at the next door. I find Chriftianity to be a hard tafk ; 
fet to in your evening. We would all keep both Chrift and our 

* A(5ts the part of a familiar friend. 

1637.] LETTER CXXV, 307 

right eye, our right hand and foot ; but it will not do with us. 1 
befeech you, by the mercies of God, and your compearance* before 
Chrifl, look Chrifl's account-bookf and your own together, and 
collate them. Give the remnant of your time to your foul. This 
great idol-god, the world, will be lying in white afhes on the day 
of your compearance;* and why fhould night-dreams, and day- 
fhadows, and water-froth, and May-flowers run away with your 
heart ? When we win to the water-fide, and black death's river- 
brink, and put our foot into the boat, we Ihall laugh at our folly. 
Sir, I recommend unto you the thoughts of death, and how ye would 
wifh your foul to be when ye fhall lie cold, blue, ill-fmelling clay. 

For any hireling to be intruded, I, being the King's prifoner, can- 
not fay much ; but, as God's minifter, I defire you to read Afts i. 
15, 16, to the end, and Afts vi. 2-5, and ye fhall find that God's 
people fhould have a voice in choofmg church-rulers and teachers. 
I fhall be fbrry if, willingly, ye fhall give way to his unlawful intru- 
fion upon my labours. The only wife God direft you. 
God's grace be with you. 

Your loving paflor, 

S. R. 



CXXV.— r^ the Lady Forret. 

[Lady Forret was, we fuppofe, a *^ faint in Caefar's houfehold;" for 
Lord Forret (originally Mr David Balfour), was one of Lauderdale's friends, 
appointed to watch the outed minifters in Fife. See Blair s Life, by Row.] 


ORTHY MISTRESS,— Grace, mercy, and peace be to 
you. — I long to hear from you. I hear Chrifl hath 
been thatj kind as to vifit you with ficknefs, and to bring 

* Appearing in court in obedience to a fummons. 

t Journal of tranfadions. | So very kind. 

3o8 LETTER CXXV. [1637. 

you to the door of the grave : but ye found the door fhut (blefTed 
be His glorious name !) whill* ye be riper for eternity. He will 
have more fervice of you ; and, therefore, He seeketh of you that 
henceforth ye be honefl: to your new Hufband, the Son of God. 
We have all idol-love, and are whorifhly inclined to love other 
things befide our Lord ; and, therefore, our Lord hunteth for our 
love more ways than one or two. Oh that Chrift had His own of 
us ! I know He will not want you, and that is a fweet wilfulnefs 
in His love : and ye have as good caufe, on the other part, to be 
headflrong and peremptory in your love to Chrift, and not to part, 
nor divide your love betwixt Him and the world. If it were more, 
it is little enough, yea, too little for Chrift. 

I am now, every way, in good terms with Chrift. He hath let 
a banifhed prifoner as a feal on His heart, and as a bracelet on 
His arm. That crabbed and black tree of the crofs laugheth upon 
me now ; the alarming noife of the crofs is worse than itfelf. I 
love Chrift's gloomsf better than the world's worm-eaten joys. Oh, 
if all the kingdom were as I am, except thefe bonds ! My lofs is 
gain ; my fadnefs joyful ; my bonds, liberty ; my tears comfortable. 
This world is not worth a drink of cold water. Oh, but Chrift's 
love cafteth a great heat ! Hell, and all the fait fea, and the rivers 
of the earth, cannot quench it. 

I remember you to God ; ye have the prayers of a prifoner of 
Chrift. Grace, grace, be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, March c)^ 1637. 

* Till. t Frowns. 

1637.] LETTER CXXVL 309 

CXXSfl.—For Marion M'Naught. 


OVING AND DEAR SISTER —Grace, mercy, and 
peace be to you. Your letter hath refrefhed my foul. 
You fhall not have my advice to make hafle to go out 
of that town ; for if you remove out of Kirkcudbright, they will 
eafily undo all. You are at God's work, and in His way there. 
Be ftrong in the Lord ; the devil is weaker than you are, becaufe 
flronger is He that is in you than he that is in the world. Your 
care of and love fhowed towards me, now a prifoner of Chrifl:, is 
laid up for you in heaven, and you ihall know that it is come up in 
remembrance before God. 

Pray, pray for my defolate flock ; and give them your counfel, 
when you meet with any of them. It fhall be my grief to hear that 
a wolf enter in upon my labours ; but if the Lord permit it, I am 
filent. My fky fhall clear, for Chrifl layeth my head in His bofom, 
and admitteth me to lean there. I never knew before what His 
love was in fuch a meafure. If He leave me. He leaveth me in 
pain, and fick of love ; and yet my ficknefs is my life and health. 
I have a fire within me , I defy all the devils in hell and all the 
prelates in Scotland, to caft water on it. 

I rejoice at your courage and faith. Pray flill, as if I were on 
my journey to come and be your paftor. What iron gates or bars 
are able to ftand it out againft Chrift ? for when He bloweth, they 
open to Him. 

I remember your hufband. Grace, grace, be with you. 
Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

310 LETTER CXXFIL [1637. 

CXXVIL— r^ John Carsen. 

[John Carsen was the fon of Andrew Carfen, merchant and burgefs of 
Kirkcudbright. He was retoured heir of his father 13th May 1635. — Inquir. 
Gener. No. ai2i. There are ftill feveral of the name in Kirkcudbright, and it 
is found often in the churchyard. There is ** Bailie John Carfen" in the 
*^ Minute-book of Comm. of Covenanters," along with Bailie Ewart ; and 
is called *^ Carfen of Sennvick.''~\ 



Every one feeketh not God , and far fewer find Him ; 

becaufe they feek amifs. He is to be fought for above 
all things, if men would find what they feek. Let feathers and 
fhadows alone to children, and go feek your Well-beloved. Your 
only errand to the world, is to woo Chrifl: ; therefore, put other 
lovers from about the houfe, and let Chriil have all your love, with- 
out minching* or dividing it. It is little enough, if there were 
more of it. The ferving of the world and fm hath but a bafe re- 
ward and fmoke inftead of pleafures, and but a night-dream for 
true eafe to the foul. Go where you will, your foul fhall not fleep 
ibund but in Chrifl's bofom. Come in to Him, and lie down, and 
reft you on the (lain Son of God, and inquire for Him. I fought 
Him ; and now, a fig for all the worm-eaten pleafures, and moth- 
eaten glory out of heaven, fince I have found Him, and in Him all 
I can want or wifh ! He hath made me a king over the world. 
Princes cannot overcome me. Chrifl hath given me the marriage- 
kifs, and He hath my marriage-love : we have made up a full 
bargain, that fhall not go back on either fide. Oh, if ye, and all 
in that country, knew what fweet terms of mercy are betwixt Him 
and me ! Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 
Aberdeen, March 11, 1637. S. R. 

* Cutting into fmall pieces. 

1637.] LETTER CXXVIII. 311 

CXXVIII.— r^ the Earl of Cassillis. 

[John Kennedy, fixth Earl of Cassillis, was the fon of Gilbert 
Kennedy, mafter of Caflillis (which is fix miles from Ayr), third fon of 
Gilbert, fourth Earl of Caflillis. He was ferved heir to his uncle, John, fifth 
Earl of CafiTillis, in 1616. His Lordfhip was a perfon of confiderable talents, 
of great virtue, and a zealous Covenanter. Having ftudied under Dr Cameron, 
Principal of the College of Glafgow, a great defender of abfolute government, 
he could not yield to fome claufes in the firft draught of The Covenant, which 
feemed to vindicate the ufe of defenfive arms againft the King ; but he agreed 
to the Covenant as it now ftands. He fat in the Glafgow Aflembly, 1638, 
being returned as elder by the Prefbytery of Ayr ; and was one of the three 
ruling elders fent to the AflTembly of Divines at Weftminfter in 1643. He 
was one of the commiflioners who, in March i6jo, went from Scotland to 
Breda, to treat with Charles H., and who returned 23d June that year, 
bringing his Majefty along with them. He attended at the crowning of Charles 
at Scoone, January i, 1651. So ftrongly attached was he to the royal family, 
that when Cromwell, at one time, fummoned him to a meeting, inftead of 
attending it, he, along with fome minifters and his chaplain, kept a day of 
fafting and prayer in his family. Such was his hoftility to the meafures of the 
court, in eftablifhing Prelacy and in ejed:ing the Prefbyterian minifters from 
their charges for non-conformity, that he would fcarce ever pay ftipend to any 
of the curates intruded into their places till he got a charge of homing. 
Wodrow defignates him *^ the great and worthy Earl of Caflillis." ** I have 
this account," fays he, '^ of the Earl of CafTillis, that he was Angularly pious, 
and a man of a very high fpirit, who carried wath a great ftate and majefty. 
His carriage in his family was moft exemplary and religious. He was very 
much in fecret duty, and had his hours wherein none had accefs to him. Upon 
the Sabbath his carriage was Angular. He ufually WTote the fermon, and at 
night caufed his chaplain to examine all his fervants and his children, even 
after they were pretty big, upon the fermon ; and every one behoved to give 
their notes ; and after all, many times he took out his owti papers and read to 
them. When at Edinburgh, Lauderdale fent a fervant to him upon a Sabbath 
night, telling him he was coming to wait on him. Prefently he called Mr 
Violant, his chaplain, and ordered him to go out and meet Lauderdale, and 
tell him that if he defigned a Sabbath day's vifit he was very welcome, but he 
would difcourfe upon no other thing with him but what was fuitable to the 
day. Lauderdale came up, and difcourfed with him, — as he could very well 
do,^-only upon points of divinity." {H^odroivs Anakcia.) His Lordfhip 
died at his own houfe in the Weft in 1668. 

312 LETTER CXXVIII. [1637. 

The manfion is a peculiar edifice, near Dairy mple. It is on the banks of 
the Doon, and embofomed in wood, with the hill called The Dounans facing 
the houfe. It is a confiifed pile of building. A long avenue of fine old trees 
leads up to it.] 



— I make bold (out of the honourable and Chriftian 
report I hear of your Lordfhip, having no other thing 
to fay but that which concerneth the honourable caufe which the 
Lord hath enabled your Lordfhip to profefs) to write this, that it is 
your Lordfliip's crown, your glory, and your honour, to fet your 
fhoulder under the Lord's glory, now falling to the ground, and to 
back Chrifl now, when ib many think it wifdom to let Him fend* 
for Himfelf. The fhields of the earth ever did, and do ftill believe 
that Chrifl is a cumberfome neighbour, and that it is a pain to hold 
up His yeas and nays. They fear that He take their chariots, and 
their crowns, and their honour from them ; but my Lord ftandeth 
in need of none of them all. But it is your glory to own Chrift 
and His buried truth -, for, let men fay what they pleafe, the plea 
with Zion's enemies in this day of Jacob's trouble is, if Chrift jQiould 
be King, and no mouth fpeak laws but His ? It concerneth the 
apple of Chrift's eye, and His royal privileges, what is now debated ; 
and Chrifl's kingly honour is come to yea and nay. But let me be 
pardoned, my dear and noble Lord, when I befeech you by the 
mercies of God, by the comfort of the Spirit, by the wounds of our 
dear Saviour, by your compearance f before the Judge of quick and 
dead, to fland for Chrift, and to back Him. J Oh, if the nobles 
had done their part, and been zealous for the Lord ! it had not been 
as it is now. But men think it wifdom to ftand befide Chrift till 
His head be broken, and fmg dumb. § There is a time coming 
when Chrift will have a thick |1 court, and He will be the glory of 

* Provide for, fliift for. t Appearing when fummoned. 

X Help, fecond Him in what He docs. § Be reduced to filence. 
II Crowded. 

i637-] LETTER CXXIX. 313 

Scotland -, and He will make a diadem, a garland, a feal upon His 
heart, and a ring upon His finger, of thofe who have avouched Him 
before this faithlefs generation. Howbeit, ere that come, wrath 
from the Lord is ordained for this land. 

My Lord, I have caufe to write this to your Lordfhip ; for I dare 
not conceal His kindnefs to the foul of an afflifted, exiled prifoner. 
Who hath more caufe to boaft in the Lord than fuch a fmner as I, 
who am feafted with the confolations of Chrift, and have no pain in 
my fulFerings, but the pain of foul-ficknefs of love for Chrift, and 
ibrrow that I cannot help to found aloud the praifes of Him who 
hath heard the fighing of the prifoner, and is content to lay the head 
of His oppreffed fervant in His bofom, under His chin, and let Him 
feel the fmell of His garments ? It behoved me to write this, that 
your Lordfhip might know that Chrifl is as good as He is called ; 
and to teftify to your Lordfhip, that the caufe, which your Lordfliip 
now profeffeth before the faithlefs world, is Chrift's, and that your 
Lordiliip fliall have no fhame of it. 

Grace be with you. 

Your Lordfhip's obliged fervant, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, March 13, 1637. 

CXXIX.— To Mr Robert Gordon, Bailie of Ayr. 

[Robert Gordon was a merchant in Ayr. In Paterfon's Hijtory of the 
County of Ayr y he and his partner merchants are mentioned as having, in 1644, 
fupplied the Scots army in Ireland, at a certain price, with a large quantity of 
meal and beans. He was coufm to John, Vifcount of Kenmure, whofe '^ Laft 
and Heavenly Speeches and Glorious Departure " were publifhed by Ruther- 
ford, and to which there is a reference in the beginning of this letter. This 
appears from the following quotations from thefe Speeches: — ^^ To a coufin 
(Robert Gordon, bailie of Ayr), he faid, ' Robert, I know you have light and 
underftanding ; and though you have no need to be inftruded by me, yet 
have you need to be incited'" (p. 94). Gordon was frequently a member of 
the Town Council of Ayr. In the Records, he appears in 1631 as Dean of 
Guild, and in 1632 as Bailie. In 1638, and 1647, ^^^ b^ld the office of Pro- 

314 LETTER CXXIX, [1637. 

voft. He was a man of piety, and a zealous fupporter of the Prefbyterian 
caufe. In an old parchment copy of the National Covenant 1638 (in the 
pofleffion of Hugh Cowan, Efquire, Ayr), Gordon's fignature appears, as 
well as the (ignatures of the other members of the Town Council, fome of 
whom were Rutherford's correfpondents, as John Kennedy, John Ofburn, 
and John Stewart. The above copy of the National Covenant is iigned by 
Rothes, Montrofe, and other men of rank, being one of the copies fent at that 
time by the Covenanters from Edinburgh to the various burghs throughout 
the country to be fubfcribed.] 


ORTHY SIR, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I 
long to hear from you on paper. Remember your 
chief's fpeeches* on his death-bed. I pray you, fir, fell 
all, and buy the Pearl. Time will cut you from this world's glory ; 
look what will do you good, when your glafs fhall be run out. 
And let Chrift's love bear mofl court in your foul, and that court 
will bear down the love of other things. Chrifl feeketh your help 
in your place ; give Him your hand. Who hath more caufe to en- 
courage others to own Chrifl than I have .? for He hath made me 
fick of love, and left me in pain to wreftle with His love. And love 
is like to fall afwoon through His abfence. I mean not that He 
deferteth me, or that I am ebbf of comforts ; but this is an unco J 
pain. O that I had a heart and a love to render to Him back 
again ! Oh, if principalities and powers, thrones and dominions, 
and all the world would help me to praife ! Praife Him in my 

Remember my love to your wife. I thank you mofl kindly 
for your love to my brother. Grace be with you. 
Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 13, 1637. 

* The words of Lord Kenmure. t At a low tide in refped of. 

X Strange. 

1637]. LETTER CXXX. 315 

CXXX. — To John Kennedy, Bailie of Ayr, 


RACE, mercy, and peace be to you. Your not writing 
to me cannot bind me up from remembering you now 
and then, that at leaft ye may be a witnefs, and a 
third man, to behold on paper what is betwixt Chrifl and me. I 
was in His eyes like a young orphan, wanting known parents, 
caften out in the open fields ; either Chrifl behoved to take 
me up, and to bring me home to His houfe and firefide, elfe 
I had died in the fields. And now I am homely* with Chrifl's 
love, fo that I think the houfe mine own, and the Mafter of the 
houfe mine alfo. Chrift inquired not, when He began to love me, 
whether I was fair, or black, or fun-burnt j love taketh what it 
may have. He loved me before this time, I know ; but now I 
have the flower of His love ; His love is come to a fair bloom, like 
a young rofe opened up out of the green leaves -, and it cafteth a 
ftrong and fragrant fmell. I want nothing but ways of exprefling 
Chrifl's love. A full veflel would have a vent. Oh, if I could 
fmoke out, and cafl out coals, to make a fire in many breafts of 
this land ! Oh ! it is a pity that there were not many imprifoned 
for Chrifl:, were it for no other purpofe than to write books and 
love-fongs of the love of Chrifl:. This love would keep all created 
tongues of men and angels in exercife, and bufy night and day, to 
fpeak of it. Alas ! I can fpeak nothing of it, but wonder at three 
things in His love : — Fir/I, freedom. Oh that lumps of fm fliould 
get fuch love for nothing ! Secondly ^ the fweetnefs of His love. I 
give over either to fpeak or write of it ; but thofe that feel it, may 
better bear witnefs what it is. But it is fo fweet, that, next to 

* At home with, on no ceremony with. 

3i6 LETTER CXXX. [1637. 

Chrift Himfelf, nothing can match it. Nay, I think that a foul 
could live eternally blefTed only on Chrift's love, and feed upon no 
other thing. Yea, when Chrift in love ^veth a blow, it doeth a 
foul good •, and it is a kind of comfort and joy to it to get a cuff* 
with the lovely, fweet, and foft hand of Jefus. And, thirdly, what 
power and ftrength are in His love ! I am perfuaded it can climb 
a fteep hill, with hell upon its back ; and fwim through water and 
not drown , and fmg in the fire, and find no pain -, and triumph in 
lofTes, prifons, forrows, exile, difgrace, and laugh and rejoice in 
death. O for a year's leafe of the fenfe of His love without a 
cloud, to try what Chrift is ! O for the coming of the Bride- 
groom ! O, when fhall I fee the Bridegroom and the Bride meet 
in the clouds, and kifs each other ! O, when will we get our day, 
and our heart's fill of that love ! O, if it were la\\^ul to complain 
of the famine of that love, and want of the immediate vifion of God ! 
O time, time ! how doft thou torment the fouls of thofe that would 
be fwallowed up of Chrift's love, becaufe thou moveft fo flowly ! 
Oh, if He would pity a poor prifoner, and blow love upon me, and 
give a prifoner a tafte or draught of that fweetnefs, which is glory 
as it were begun, to be a confirmation that Chrift and I fhall have 
our fill of each other for ever ! Come hither, O love of Chrift, 
that I may once kifs thee before I die ! What would I not ^ve to 
have time, that lieth betwixt Chrift and me, taken out of the way, 
that we might once meet ! I cannot think but that, at the firft 
fight I fhall fee of that moft lovely and faireft face, love will come 
out of His two eyes, and fill me w^ith aftonifhment. I would but 
defire to ftand at the outer fide of the gates of the New Jerufalem, 
and look through a hole of the door, and fee Chrift's face. A 
borrowed vifion in this life would be my borrowed and begun 
heaven, whillf the long, long-looked-for day dawn. It is not for 
nothing that it is faid, " Chrift in you the hope of glory."t I will 
be content of no pawn of heaven but Chrift Himfelf ; for Chrift, 
poffefTed by faith here, is young heaven, and glory in the bud. If 

* A blow. t Till. ; Col. 1. 27. 

1637.] LETTER CXXX. 317 

I had that pawn, I would bide horning* and hell both, ere I gave 
it again. All that we have here is fcarce the picture of glory. 
Should not we young bairns long and look for the expiring of our 
minority ? It were good to be daily begging propinesf and love- 
gifts, and the Bridegroom's favours ; and, if we can do no more, to 
leek crumbs, and hungry dinners of Chrift's love, to keep the tafle 
of heaven in our mouth whill± fupper-time. I know it is far after 
noon, and nigh the marriage-fupper of the Lamb ; the table is 
covered already. O Well-beloved, run, run fail ! O fair day, 
when wilt thou dawn ! O fhadows, flee away ! I think hope and 
love, woven through other, § make our abfence from Chrift fpiritual 
torment. It is a pain to wait on ; but hope that maketh not afhamed 
fwalloweth up that pain. It is not unkindnefs that keepeth Chrift 
and us fo long alunder. What can I fay to Chrift's love ? I think 
more than I can fay. To confider, that when my Lord Jefus may 
take the air (if I may fo fpeak), and go abroad, yet He will be 
confined and keep the prifon with me ! But, in all this fweet com- 
munion with Him, what am I to be thanked for ? I am but a 
fufferer. Whether I will or not. He will be kind to me ; as if He 
had defied my guiltinefs to make Him unkind, He fo beareth His 
love in on me. Here I die with wondering, that juftice hindereth 
not love ; for there are none in hell, nor out of hell, more unworthy 
of Chrifl's love. Shame may confound and fcaur : me once to hold 
up my black mouth to receive one of Chrifl's undeferved kilTes. If 
my innerfide were turned out, and all men faw my vilenefs, they 
would fay to me, " It is a fhame for thee to ftand ftill whilli Chrifl 
kifs thee and embrace thee." It would feem to become me rather 
to run away from His love, as afhamed at my own unworthinefs ; 
nay, I may think fhame to take heaven, who have fo highly pro- 
voked my Lord Jefus. But feeing Chrift's love will fhame me, I 
am content to be fhamed. INIy defire is, that my Lord would give 

* A legal demand for pa^Ttient of a debt, under threat of imprifonment if 
difregarded. It ufed to be made with three blafts of a horn in the market- 

t Prefents. X Till. § Through one another. || Make afraid. 

3i8 LETTER CXXXL [1637. 

me broader and deeper thoughts, to feed myfelf with wondering at 
His love. I would I could weigh it, but I have no balance for it. 
When I have worn my tongue to the ftump, in praifmg of Chrifl:, 
I have done nothing to Him. I muft let Him alone, for my 
withered arms will not go about His high, wide, long, and broad 
love. What remaineth, then, but that my debt to the love of Chrifl 
lie unpaid for all eternity ? All that are in heaven are black-ftiamed* 
with His love as well as I. We muft all be dyvours f together ; 
and the blefling of that houfeful, or heavenful, of dyvours f fhall 
reft for ever upon Him. Oh, if this land and nation would come 
and ftand befide His inconceivable and glorious perfections, and 
look in, and love, and adore ! Would to God I could bring in 
many lovers to Chrift's houfe ! But this nation hath forfaken the 
Fountain of living waters. Lord, caft not water on Scotland's coal. 
Wo, wo will be to this land, becaufe of the day of the Lord's fierce 
anger that is fo faft coming. 

Grace be with you. 

Your affe6i:ionate brother, in our Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 


CXXXI.— r^? Jean Brown. 

ISTRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. I am 
glad that ye go on at Chrift's back, in this dark and 
cloudy time. It were good to fell other things for 
Him ; for when all thefe days are over, we fhall find it our advan- 
tage that we have taken part with Chrift. I confidently believe that 
His enemies fhall be His footftool, and that He will make green 
flowers dead, withered hay, when the honour and glory fhall fall 
off them, like the bloom or flower of a green herb fhaken with 

* Made black with (hame. t Debtors. 

1637.J LETTER CXXXL 319 

the wind. It were not wifdom for us to think that Chrifl and the 
Gofpel would come and fit down at our firefide ; nay, but we mufl 
go out of our own warm houfes, and feek Chrifi: and His Gofpel. 
It is not the funny fide of Chrift that we muft look to, and we muft 
not forfake Him for want of that; but muft let our face againft 
what may befall us in following on, till He and we be through the 
briers and bufhes, on the dry ground. Our foft nature would be 
borne through the troubles of this miferable life in Chrift's arms ; 
and it is His wifdom, who knoweth our mould, that His bairns go 
wet-fhod and cold-footed to heaven. Oh, how fweet a thing were 
it for us to learn to make our burdens light, by framing our hearts 
to the burden, and making our Lord's will a law! 

I find Chrift and His crofs not fo ill* to pleafe, nor yet fuch 
troublefome guefts, as men call them ; nay, I think patience fhould 
make the water which Chrift giveth us good wine, and His drofs 
good metal. And we have caufe to wait on ; for, ere it be long, 
our Mafter will be at us, and bring this whole world out, before 
the fun and daylight, in their blacks and whites. Happy are they 
who are found watching. Our fand-glafs is not fb long as we need 
to weary ; time will eat away and root out our woes and fbrrow. 
Our heaven is in the bud, and growing up to an harveft. Why then 
fhould we not follow on, feeing our fpan-length of time will come 
to an inch? Therefore I commend Chrift to you, as your laft- 
living, and longeft-living Hufband, and the ftaff of your old age. 
Let Him now have the reft of your days. And think not much 
of a ftorm upon the fhip that Chrift faileth in ; there fhall no 
paffenger fall overboard ; but the crazed fhip and the fea-fick paffen- 
gers fhall come to land fafe. 

I am in as fweet communion with Chrift as a poor finner can 
be ; and am only pained that He hath much beauty and fairnefs, and 
/ little love ; He great power and mercy, and / little faith ; He much 
light, and / bleared eyes. O that I faw Him in the sweetnefs of His 
love, and in His marriage-clothes, and were over head and ears in love 

* Difficult. 

320 LETTER CXXXII. [1637. 

with that princely one, Chrifl: Jefus my Lord ! Alas, my riven * 
difh, and the running-out veflel, can hold little of Chrifl: Jefus ! 

I have joy in this, that I would not refufe death beforef I put 
Chrift's lawful heritage in men's tryfl:ing ; and what know I, if they 
would have pleafed both Chrifl: and me ? Alas, that this land hath 
put Chrifl: to open rouping,J and to an "Any man bids more?" 
Blefl^ed are they who would hold the crown on His head, and buy 
Chrifl:'s honour with their own lofles. 

I rejoice to hear that your fon John§ is coming to vifit Chrifl:, 
and tafl:e of His love. I hope that he will not lofe his pains, nor 
rue of that choice. I had always (as I faid often to you) a great 
love to dear Mr John Brown, becaufe I thought I faw Chrifl: in 
him more than in his brethren. Fain would I write to him, to fl:and 
by my fweet Mafl:er ; and I wifli ye would let him read my letter, 
and the joy I fhall have if he will appear for, and fide with, my 
Lord Jefus. Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, March 13, 1637. 

CXXXIL— 21? Jean Macmillan. 

[There were Macmillans at Dallliangan, near Carfphaim, noted as Cove- 
nanters. But the name is a common one, and this correfpondent was probably 
an Anwoth parifliioner.] 


OVING SISTER,— Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. 
I cannot come to you to give you my counfel ; and how- 
beit I would come, I cannot ftay with you. But I be- 

* Rent, cracked. 

t I would die, ere ever I would put Chrift's property at the difpofal of 
men who may choofe to appoint their own times. 

X Public fale by auction. 

§ This was he who was afterwards fo well known as an eminent Chriftian, 
Brown of ^^'^amphray. 

1637.] LETTER C XXX III. 321 

feech you to keep Chrift, for I did what I could to put you within 
grips* of Him. I told you Chrifl's teftament and latter- will plainly, 
and I kept nothing back that my Lord gave me ; and I gave Chrift 
to you with good will. I pray you to make Him your own, and 
go not from that truth which I taught you, in one hair-breadth. 
That truth will fave you if you follow it. Salvation is not an eafy 
thing, and foon gotten. I often told you that few are faved, and 
many damned : I pray you to make your poor foul fure of falvation, 
and the feeking of heaven your daily tafk. If ye never had a fick 
night and a pained foul for fin, ye have not yet lighted upon Chrifl. 
Look to the right marks of having clofed with Chrifl. If ye love 
Him better than the world, and would quit all the world for Him, 
then that faith the work is found. Oh, if ye faw the beauty of 
Jefus, and fmelled the fragrance of His love, you would run through 
fire and water to be at Him ! God fend you Him. 

Pray for me, for I cannot forget you. Grace be with you. 
Your loving pafior. 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

CXXXIIL— r^ the Lady Busbie. 

[Lady Busbie is probably the mother-in-law of R. Blair, Rutherford's 
intimate friend. R. Blair married Catherine, daughter of Hugh Montgomery, 
Laird of Bufbie, near Glafgow, in 1635.] 


llSTRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I am 
glad to hear that Chrift and ye are one, and that ye 
have made Him your " one thing," whereas many are 
painfully toiled in feeking many things, and their many things are 

* Reach, grafp. 
VOL. I. 

322 LETTER CXXXni. [1637. 

nothing. It is only beft that ye fet yourfelf apart, as a thing laid 
up and out of the gate, * for Chrift alone ; for ye are good for no 
other thing than Chrift ; and He hath been going about you thefe 
many years, by affliftions, to engage you to Himfelf. It were a pity 
and a lofs to fay Him nay. Verily I could wifh that I could fwim 
through hell, and all the ill weather in the world, and Chrift in my 
arms. But it is my evil and folly, that except Chrift come unfent 
for, I dowf not go to feek Him : when He and I fall a-reckoning, 
we are both behind, He in payment, and I in counting ; and fo 
marches J lie ftill unredd,§ and accounts uncleared betwixt us. Oh 
that He would take His own blood for counts and mifcounts, [ that 
I might be a free man, and none had any claim to me but only, 
only Jefus. I will think it no bondage to be rouped, f comprifed, ** 
and pofTeffed by Chrift as His bondman. 

Think well of the vifitation of your Lord ; for I find one thing, 
which I faw not well before, that when the faints are under trials, 
and well humbled, little fins raife great cries and war-ftiouts in the 
confcience ; and in profperity, confcience is a pope, to give difpenfa- 
tions, and let out and in, and give latitude and elbow-room to our 
heart. Oh, how little care we for pardon at Chrift's hand, when 
we make difpenfations ! And all is but bairns' play, till a crofs 
without beget a heavier crofs within, and then we play no longer 
with our idols. It is good ftill ff to be fevere againft ourielves ; for 
we but transform God's mercy into an idol, and an idol that hath 
a difpenfation to ^ve, for the turning of the grace of God into 
wantonnefs. Happy are they who take up God, wrath, juftice, and 
fin, as they are in themfelves ; for we have mifcarrying light, that 
parteth with the child, when we have good refolutions only. But, 
God be thanked, that falvation is not rolled upon our wheels. 

Oh, but Chrift hath a faving eye ! falvation is in His eyelids ! 
When He firft looked on me, I was faved -, it coft Him but a look 

* Out of the way. f Cannot. % Boundaries. § Undefined. 

II Erroneous reckonings. ^ Set up to public fale by auction. 

** Seized for debt. tt Always. 


to make hell quit of me ! Oh, but merits, free merits, and the dear 
blood of God, were the beft gate* that ever we could have gotten 
out of hell ! Oh what a fweet, oh what a fafe and fure way is it, 
to come out of hell leaning on a Saviour ! That Chrift and a fmner 
fhould be one, and have heaven betwixt them, and be halvers of 
falvation, is the wonder of falvation. What more humble could 
love be ? And what an excellent fmell doth Chriil: call on His 
lower garden, where there grow but wild flowers, if we fpeak by 
way of comparifon. But there is nothing but perfect garden flowers 
in heaven, and the befl: plenifliingf that is there is Chrifl:. We are 
all obliged to love heaven for Chrifl:'s fake. He graceth heaven, 
and all His Father's houfe, with His prefence. He is a Rofe that 
beautifieth all the upper garden of God ; a leaf of that Rofe of God 
for fmell is worth a world. O that He would blow His fmell 
upon a withered and dead foul ! Let us, then, go on to meet with 
Him, and to be filled with the fweetnefs of His love. Nothing will 
hold Him from us. He hath decreed to put time, fm, hell, devils, 
men, and death out of the way, and to rid J the rough way betwixt 
us and Him, that we may enjoy one another. It is fl:range and 
wonderful, that He would think long § in heaven without us ; and 
that He would have the company of finners to folace and delight 
Himfelf withal in heaven. And now the fupper is abiding us. 
Chrifl:, the Bridegroom, with defire is waiting on, till the bride, the 
Lamb's wife, be bufl<;ed|| for the marriage, and the great hall be 
reddf for the meeting of that joyful couple. Oh, fools ! what do 
we here ? and why fit we flill ? Why fleep we in the prifon ? 
Were it not befl to make us wings, to flee up to our bleflTed Match, 
our Marrow,** and our fellow Friend ? 

I think, Miflrefs, that ye are looking thereaway, \\ and that this 
is your fecond or third thought. Make forward ; your Guide 
waiteth on you. 

* Way, manner. f Furniture of a houfe. % Annihilate. 

§ Have a longing heart. || Decked with ornaments. ^ Cleared out. 
** Partner. ft To that quarter. 

324 LETTER CXXXJV. [1637. 

I cannot but blefs you for your care and kindnefs to the faints. 
God give you to find mercy, in that day of our Lord Jefus ; to 
whofe faving grace I recommend you. 

Yours, in our Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

CXXXIV. — To John Ewart, Bnilie of Kirkcudbright. 

[John Ewart's name often occurs in the ^^ Minute Book of Comm. of 
Covenanters," as refiding in Kirkcudbright. He is underftood to be the 
father of the John Ewart who was fentencedtobanifhment, 1663, for refufing 
to take part in quelling a tumult raifed at the intrufion of a curate in room of 
the ejeded minifter of Kirkcudbright. — (fVodro^'s H'l/l.) A defcendant of 
his at Stranraer has a fmall filver cup, which has been handed down as once 
belonging to his anceftors.] 



cannot but moft kindly thank you for the expreilions of 
your love. Your love and refpeft to me is a great com- 
fort to me. 

I blefs His high and glorious name, that the terrors of great 
men have not affrighted me from openly avouching the Son of God. 
Nay, His crofs is the fweetefl burden that ever I bare ; it is fuch a 
burden as wings are to a bird, or fails are to a fhip, to carry me 
forward to my harbour. I have not much caufe to fall in love with 
the world ; but rather to wifh that He who fitteth upon the floods 
would bring my broken fhip to land, and keep my confcience safe 
in thefe dangerous times ; for wrath from the Lord is coming on 
this finful land. 

It were good that we prifoners of hope know of our ftronghold 
to run to, before the florm come on ; therefore, Sir, I befeech you 
by the mercies of God, and comforts of His Spirit, by the blood of 

1637.] LETTER CXXXV. 325 

your Saviour, and by your compearance * before the fin-revenging 
Judge of the world, keep your garments clean, and fland for the 
truth of Chrift, which ye profefs. When the time fhall come that 
your eye-ftrings fhall break, your face wax pale, your breath grow 
cold, and this houfe of clay fhall totter, and your one foot fhall be 
over the march,f in eternity, it will be your comfort and joy that ye 
gave your name to Chrifl. The greateft part of the world think 
heaven at the next door, and that Chriflianity is an eafy tafk ; but 
they will be beguiled. Worthy Sir, I befeech you, make fure work 
of falvation. I have found by experience, that all I could do hath 
had much ado J in the day of my trial ; and, therefore, lay up a fure 
foundation for the time to come. 

I cannot requite you for your undeferved favours to me and my 
now afflicted brother. But I truft to remember you to God. 
Remember me heartily to your kind wife. 

Yours, in his only Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, March 13, 1637. 

CXXXV. — To William Fullerton, Provoft of Kirkcudbright. 



JUCH HONOURED SIR,— Grace, mercy, and peace 
be to you. I am much obliged to your love in God. 
I befeech you. Sir, let nothing be fo dear to you as 
Chrifl's truth, for falvation is worth all the world ; and, therefore, 
be not afraid of men that fhall die. The Lord will do for you § in 
your fuffering for Him, and will blefs your houfe and feed ; and ye 
have God's promife, that ye fhall have His prefence in fire, water, 
and in feven tribulations. Your day fhall wear to an end, and your 

* Appearance in court in obedience to a fummons. f Boundary. 

X My utmoft ftrcngth is hiu-d put to. § Ad for^ 

326 LEriER CXXXVL [1637. 

fun go down. In death it will be your joy that ye have ventured 
all ye have for Chrift ; and there is not a promife of heaven made 
but to fuch as are willing to fuffer for it. It is a caflle taken by 
force. This earth is but the clay portion of baflards ; and, therefore, 
no wonder that the world fmile on its own ; but better things are 
laid up for His lawfully-begotten bairns, whom the w^orld hateth. 

I have experience to fpeak this ; for I would not exchange my 
prifon and fad nights with the court, honour, and eafe of my adver- 
faries. My Lord is pleafed to make many unknown faces to laugh 
upon me, and to pro\-ide a lodging for me ; and He Himfelf vifiteth 
my foul with feafls of fpiritual comforts. Oh how fweet a Mafter is 
Chrift ! Bleffed are they who lay down all for Him. 

I thank you kindly for your love to my diftreffed brother. Ye 
have the blefling and prayers of the prifoner of Chrift to you, your 
wife and your children. 

Remember my love and bleffing to William and Samuel. I 
defire them in their youth to feek the Lord, and to fear His great 
name ; to pray twice a-day, at leaft, to God, and to read God's 
word ; to keep themfelves from curling, lying, and filthy talking. 

Now the only wife God, and the prefence of the Son of God, 
be with you all. 

Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, March 13, 1637. 

CXXX\T. — To Robert Glendinntng, Mimjler of Kirkcudbright. 


Y DEAR FRIEND, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to 
you. I thank you moft kindly for your care of me, 
and } our love and refpective * kindnefs to my brother in 

^ Perhaps this word means kindnefs that had refpect to his fpecial needs. 

1637.] LETTER CXXXri. 327 

his diftrels. I pray the Lord that ye may find mercy in the day of 
Chrift ; and I entreat you, Sir, to confider the times which ye live 
in, and that your foul is more worth to you than the whole world, 
which, in the day of the blowing of the Laft Trumpet, fhall lie in 
white afhes, as an old caftle burned to nothing. And remember 
that judgment and eternity is before you. My dear and worthy 
friend, let me entreat you in Chrifl's name, and by the falvation of 
your foul, and by your compearance* before the dreadful and fm- 
revenging Judge of the world, to make your accounts ready. Reddf 
them ere ye come to the water-fide ; for your afternoon will wear 
fiiort, and your fun fall low and go down ; and ye know that this 
long time your Lord hath waited on you. Oh how comfortable a 
thing it will be to you, when time fhall be no more, and your foul 
fhall depart out of the house of clay to vaft and endlefs eternity, to 
have your foul drefi^ed up, and prepared for your Bridegroom ! No 
lofs is comparable to the lofs of the foul -, there is no hope of re- 
gaining that lofs. Oh how joyful would my foul be to hear that ye 
would fi:art to the gate,J and contend for the crown, and leave all 
vanities, and make Chrifl your garland ! Let your foul put away 
your old lovers, and let Chrifi: have your whole love. 

I have fome experience to write of this to you. My witnefs is 
in heaven, that I would not exchange my chains and bonds for 
Chrifl, and my fighs, for ten worlds' glory. I judge this clay-idol, 
which Adam's fons are rouping§ and felling their fouls for, not 
worth a drink of cold water. Oh, if your foul were in my foul's 
fi:ead, how fick would ye be of love for that faireft One, that 
Fairefi: among the fons of men ! May-flowers, and morning vapour, 
and fummer mifi:, pofi:eth not {o fafi: away as thefe worm-eaten 
pleafures which we follow. We build cafi:les in the air, and night- 
dreams are our daily idols that we doat on. Salvation, falvation is 
our only necefiary thing. Sir, call home your thoughts to this 
work, to inquire for your Well-beloved. This earth is the portion 

* Appearing in court. t Settle ; fet in order. 

X Begin with alacrity the journey. § Setting up to audjon 

328 LETTER CXXXVIL [1637, 

of baftards ; feek the Son's inheritance, and let Chrift's truth be 
dear to you. 

I pawn* my falvation on it, that this is the honour of Chrifl's 
kingdom which I now fufFer for (and this world, I hope, fhall not 
come between me and my garland) ; and that this is the way to life. 
When ye and I fhall lie lumps of pale clay upon the ground, our 
pleafures, that we now naturally love, fhall be lefs than nothing in 
that day. Dear brother, fulfil my joy, and betake you to Chrift 
without further delay. Ye will be fain at length to feek Him, or 
do infinitely worfe. Remember my love to your wife. Grace be 
with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, March 13, 1637. 

CXXXVIL — To William Glendinning. 

[William Glendinning was the fon of Mr Robert Glendinning, 
minifter of Kirkcudbright. A fhort time before this letter was written, he 
was ordered to be imprifoned in Kirkcudbright by Bifhop SydferfF, for refufing 
to incarcerate his father, whom that intolerant prelate had fufpended from his 
office, and had ordered to be imprifoned, becaufe he would neither conform 
to Epifcopacy, nor admit as his affiftant a creature of the Bifhop. He was a 
member of the General AfTembly of Glafgow 1638, being returned by the 
burgh of Kirkcudbright, of which he was then Provoft. During the fubfe- 
quent years, he was fi-equently a member of the General AfTembly; and his 
name appears as a member of Parliament for the burgh of Kirkcudbright, and 
fent by the Committee of Eflates, in 1644, 164J, and 1646.] 


mercy, and peace be to you. I thank you mofl kindly 
for your care and love to me, and in particular to my 

* Pledge. 

1637.] LETTER CXXXVIL 329 

brother, in his diflrefs in Edinburgh.* Go on through your waters 
without wearying; your Guide knoweth the way; follow Him, and 
caft your cares and temptations upon Him. And let not worms, 
the Tons of men, affright you ; they fhall die, and the moth fhall 
eat them. Keep your garland ; there is no lefs at the flake, in this 
game betwixt us and the world, than our confcience and falvation. 
We have need to take heed to the game, and not to yield to them. 
Let them take other things from us ; but here, in matters of con- 
fcience, we mufl hold and drawf with kings, and fet ourfelves in 
terms of oppofition with the fhields of the earth. O the fweet com- 
munion, for evermore, that hath been between Chrifl and His 
prifoner ! He wearieth not to be kind. He is the fairefl fight I 
fee in Aberdeen, or in any part that ever my feet were in. 

Remember my hearty kindnefs to your wife. I defire her to 
believe, and lay her cares on God, and make fafl work of falvation. 
Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his only Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 13, 1637. 

* Rutherford here refers to the trial of his brother George, fchoolmafter 
and reader in Kirkcudbright, before the High Commiflion, at Edinburgh, in 
November the preceding year, for his non-conformity and zealous fupport of 
Mr Robert Glendinning, the perfecuted minifter of Kirkcudbright. As pre- 
vioufly noticed (Let. 67), he was condemned to relign his charge, and to re- 
move from Kirkcudbright before the enfuing term of Whitfunday. When 
at Edinburgh, and on his trial, he experienced much kindnefs from feveral 
of the correfpondents of our author, who, in his letters to them, makes the 
moft heartfelt grateful acknowledgments. After his ejection, ^^he feems," 
fays Murray, *'to have taken refuge in Ayrfhire; for in a letter to Lord 
Loudon, Rutherford fpeaks of his brother as being nigh his Lordfhip's 
bounds ; and every individual whom he addrefled on his behalf (after his re- 
moval from Kirkcudbright), was conneded with that county. The kindnefs 
and the frequency with which, in his letters, he fpeaks of him, do honour to 
his heart." — Life of Rutherford ^ p. 93. 

t We muft flruggle with. 

330 LETTER CXXXVIII. [1637, 

CXXX\^II.~T^ Mr Hugh Henderson. 

[Hugh Henderson was firft minifter of Daln-, a parilh in the diftrid of 
Cunningham, A)Tfhire, and afterwards of Dumfries. The firft inftance in 
which we meet with his name as minifter of Dalr)- is in 1643, when he was 
nominated as one of the eight minifters whom the General Aflembly appointed 
to vifit Ireland by pairs, and to continue there for three months fucceffively, 
to inftruci, comfort, and encourage the Prefbnerians in that country-, who had 
been deprived of their minifters through the t)Tanny of the prelates. In 1645 
he was appointed by the General Aflembly chaplain to Colonel Stuart's regi- 
ment; and in 1648 tranflated to Dumfries, by a fentence of the Aflembly. 
Shortly after the reftoration of Charles II., he, and all the minifters of the 
Prefbnen- of Dumfries, were, by the order of the King's Commifl^ioner, car- 
ried prifoners to Edinburgh, for ha\-ing, on various grounds, agreed not to 
obferve the 29th day of May as a religious anniverlar)-, in commemoration of 
the King's birth and reftoration. But he and the reft, with the exception of 
two, at laft yielded fo far as to engage fimply to preach on that day, knowing 
it would be the day of their ordinary weekly fermon ; upon which they were 
difmifled. This engagement feems hardly compatible with ftraightforwardnefs 
and ftedfaftnefs to principle, as it was fomething like a difingenuous attempt to 
make it appear that they were complying with the ftatute of Parliament, when 
they were merely difcharging a profefl^ional duty. Henderfon exhibited more 
confiftency and ftedfaftnefs the fubfequent year, when he preferred being expelled 
from his charge to conforming to Prelacy. He was ejected in the clofe of the 
year 1662, by the Earl of Middleton. After this, Henderfon ft^uently 
preached in his own houfe in Galloway.] 



that you bear the marks of ChriiV^ dying about with 
you, and that your brethren have call you out for your 


Mailer's fake. Let us wait on till the evening, and till our reckon- 
ing in black and white come before our Mailer. Brother, fmce we 
muil have a devil to trouble us, I love a raging devil beil. Our 
Lord knoweth what fort of devil we have need of : it is beil that 
Satan be in his own (kin, and look like hunfelf. Chriil weeping 
looketh like Himfelf alfo, with whom Scribes and Pharifees were 
at yea and nay, and iharp contradiclion. 


Ye have heard of the patience of Job. When he lay in the 
afhes, God was with him, clawing and curing his fcabs, and letting 
out his boils, comforting his foul -, and He took him up at laft. 
That God is not dead yet : He will ftoop and take up fallen bairns. 
Many broken legs fmce Adam's days hath He fpelked,* and many 
weary hearts hath He refrefhed. Blefs Him for comfort. "Why ? 
None Cometh dry from David's well. Let us go among the reft, 
and caft down our toomf buckets into Chrifl's ocean, and fuck 
confolations out of Him. We are not fo fore flricken, but we may 
fill Chrifl's hall with weeping. We have not gotten our anfwer 
from Him yet. Let us lay up our broken pleas to a full fea, and 
keep them till the day of Chriil's Coming. We and this world 
will not be even J till then ; they would take our garment from us ; 
but let us hold and them draw. 

Brother, it is a flrange world if we laugh not. I never faw the 
like of it, if there be not ** paiks the man,"§ for this contempt done 
to the Son of God. We muft do as thofe who keep the bloody 
napkin to the Bailie, |j and let him fee blood -, we muft keep our 
wrongs to our Judge, and let Him fee our bluddered^ and foul 
faces. Prifoners of hope muft run to Chrifl, with the gutters ** 
that tears have made on their cheeks. 

Brother, for myfelf, I am Chrift's dawtedff one for the prefent ; 
and I live upon no deaf J J nuts, as we ufe to fpeak. He hath 
opened fountains to me in the wildernefs. Go, look to my Lord 
Jefus : His love to me is fuch, that I defy the world to find either 
brim or bottom to it. Grace be with you. 

Your brother, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, March 13, 1637. 

* Trufled up, bound with fplinters. f Empty. % Be quits. 

§ ^^ Paiks " is blo=ws, '^ Be the man foundly beaten ; " an expreflion ufed to 
intimate what the man deferved. 

II The magiflrate who was to judge the cafe. ^ Blurred. 

*•* The marks left by the tears that ran down and foiled the face. 

ft Fondled. ++ No kernel in them. 

332 LETTER CXXXIX. [1637. 

CXXXIX. — To my Lord Balmerinoch. 

[John Elphinston, fecond Lord Balmerinoch, was the only fon of 
the firft marriage of the Honourable Sir James Elphinfton, firft Lord Balmeri- 
noch. He diftinguifhed himfelf in 1633 for his oppofition to the meafures of 
the Court in favour of Prelacy, and particularly for oppofing in Parliament 
the A6t concerning the King's prerogative in impofing apparel on churchmen, 
and the A6t ratifying the A6ls previoufly made for fettling and advancing the 
eftate of bifhops. Soon after he w^as libelled and condemned to death as guilty 
of treafon. How^ever, after a long and fevere imprifonment, he at laft obtained 
ft-om his Majefty a fi-ee though reludtant pardon. True to his former principles, 
he ftill continued to oppofe the meafures then purfued by Government, and 
particularly the attempts to introduce the Service Book into Scotland. He 
was a member of the Glafgow Aflembly 1638, being returned as elder for the 
Prelbytery of Edinburgh. *^ His Lordfhip," fays Wood, ^^was, without 
exception, the beft friend the Covenanters had, as he not only affifted that 
party with his advice on all occafions, but alfo fupplied them with large fums 
of money, by which he irreparably injured the very ample fortune he inherited 
from his father. He lived in habits of ftrid friendfhip with the chief leaders of 
the Prefbyterians, and was particularly intimate with Sir Archibald Johnfton 
of Warrifton. He had fo ftrong a fenfe of juftice, that having reafon to fus- 
ped: his father had made too advantageous a purchafe of the lands of Balumby, 
in the county of Forfar, he, of his own accord, gave 10,000 merks to the 
heir of that eftate, by way of compenfation." — (Wood's Cramond.) He died 
fuddenly in 1649, ^^ ^^ iime when Charles H. was proclaimed King of Scot- 
land, and when commiflioners were to be fent to Holland to treat with him, 
of which his Lordfhip was chofen to be one. — {Lamont's Diary ^ p. i.)] 



LORD, — I make bold to write news to your Lordfhip 
from my prifon, though your Lordfhip have experience 
more than I can have. At my firfl entry here, I was not a little 
caften down with challenges,* for old, unrepented-of fins ; and 

* Self-upbraidings. 

1637.] LETTER CXL. 333 

Satan and my own apprehenfions made a lie of Chrifl, that He hath 
caften a dry, withered tree over the dyke of the vineyard. But it 
was my folly , blefled be His great name, the fire cannot burn the 
dry tree. He is pleafed now to feaft the exiled prifoner with His 
lovely prefence ; for it fuiteth Chrift well to be kind, and He dineth 
and fuppeth with fuch a fmner as I am. I am in Chrift's tutoring 
here. He hath made me content with a borrowed firefide, and it 
cafteth as much heat as mine own. I want nothing but real poffes- 
fion of Chrift ; and He hath given me a pawn of that alfo, which I 
hope to keep till He come Himfelf to loofe the pawn. I cannot get 
help to praife His high name. He hath made me king over my 
lofles, imprifonment, baniftiment ; and only my dumb Sabbaths ftick 
in my throat. But I forgive Chrift's wifdom in that. I dare not 
lay one word ; He hath done it, and I will lay my hand upon my 
mouth. If any other hand had done it to me, I could not have 
borne it. 

Now, my Lord, I muft tell your Lordlhip that I would not 
^ve a drink of cold water for this clay idol, this plaftered world. 
I teftify, and give it under my own hand, that Chrift is moft worthy 
to be fuffered for. Our lazy flefti, which would have Chrift to 
cry down croftes by open proclamation, hath but raifed a ftander 
upon the crofs of Chrift. My Lord, I hope that ye will not forget 
what He hath done for your foul. I think that ye are in Chrift's 
count-book, as His obliged debtor. 

Grace, grace be with your fpirit. 

Your Lordftiip's obliged fervant, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, March 13, 1637. 

CXL. — To my Lady Mar, Younger, 

[Lady Mar, Younger^ whofe maiden name was Chriftian Hay (being 
the daughter of Francis, ninth Earl of Errol), was the wife of John Erlkine, 
eighth Earl of Mar. She became a widow in 1654, his Lordfhip having died 

334 LETTER CXL. [1637. 

in that year. She had to him a fon, John, who became ninth Earl of Mar, 
and a daughter, Elizabeth, who was married to Archibald, Lord Napier. 
Lord James Edkine of Grange, one of the fenators of the College of Juftice, 
who lived in the beginning of the laft centur%^, was the great-grandfon of this 
lady. — (^Douglas' Peerage^ vol. ii., p. 216 ; Craqvjord's Hi/tory of the Shire of 
Renfrew, p. 112.) Lady Mar, /-w/or, from whom fhe is diftinguifhed, was 
Lady Mary Stewart, daughter of Efme, Duke of Lennox, fecond wife of 
John, Lord Erfkine, feventh Earl of Mar. She died in the houfe of Sir 
Thomas Hope, in the Cowgate, Edinburgh, and was buried at Alloa, nth 
May 1644. — {Sir Thomas Hope's Diary ^ p. 205.) It was for her that, in 1625, 
the book of devotion, called, ^^The Cowitefs of Mars SanBuary^ or Arcadia," 
was drawn up — a little work of which only two copies were knowm to be in 
exiftence, till reprinted this year, 1862, at Edinburgh.] 



mercy, and peace be to you. I received your Lady- 
fhip's letter, which hath comforted my foul. God give 
you to find mercy in the day of Chriil. 

I am in as good terms and court with Chriil: as an exiled, op- 
prefled prifoner of Chrift can be. I am ftill welcome to His houfe ; 
He knoweth my knock, and letteth in a poor friend. Under this 
black, rough tree of the crofs of Chrift, He hath ravifhed me with 
His love, and taken my heart to heaven with Kim. Well and long 
may He brook* it. I would not nifferf Chrift with all the 
joys that man or angel can devife befide Him. Who hath fuch 
caufe to fpeak honourably of Chrift as I have ? Chrift is King 
of all crofles, and He hath made His faints little kings under 
Him ; and He can ride and triumph upon weaker bodies than I 
am (if any can be weaker), and His horfe will neither fall nor 

Madam, your Ladyfhip hath much ado with Chrift, for your 
foul, huiband, children, and houfe. Let Him find much employ- 
ment for His calling with you ; for He is fuch a friend as delighteth 
to be burdened with fuits and employments ; and the more ye lay 

* Poffefs, enjoy. t Exchange. 

1637.] LETTER CXLL 335 

on Him, and the more homely* ye be with Him, the more welcome. 
O the depth of Chrift's love ! It hath neither brim nor bottom. 
Oh, if this blind world faw His beauty ! When I count with Him 
for His mercies to me, I mufl: ftand ftill and wonder, and go away 
as a poor dyvour, f who hath nothing to pay. Free forgivenefs is 
payment. I would that I could get Him fet on high ; for His love 
hath made me fick, and I die except I get real pofTeilion. 
Grace, grace be with you. 

Your Ladyfhip's, at all obedience in Chrifl, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 13, 1637. 

CXLL — To James Macadam. 

[John Livingftone {HiJIor, Relation), along with Marion M ^Naught and 
other fuch, mentions John Macadam and Chriftian Macadam of Waterhead, 
near Carfphaim, as eminent Chriftians. The perfon to whom this letter is 
addrefled may have been one of that family. The famous road engineer in 
our day, Macadam, was bom at Waterhead, defcended from this ancient 

It feems that the Chriftian Macadam mentioned above was afterwards 
Lady Cardonefs ; and becaufe of her connexion with this con-efpondent of 
Rutherford's, we may give the infcription on her tomb. The tomb is part of 
the enclofed pile clofe to the old Anwoth church. The infcription is on the 
north fide of the pile: — 

** Chriftian M^Adam, Lady Cardynes. Departed i6th June of 1628. 
T^tatis fuse, 22>' 
*^ Ye gazers on the trophy of a tomb, 

Send out one groan for want of her whofe life. 
Twice bom on earth, now is in earth's womb ; 
Lived long a virgin, now a fpotlefs wife. 
Church keeps her godly life, the tomb her corpfe, 
And earth her precious name. Who then does lofe ? 
Her hufband ? No, fince heaven her foul doth gain." 

* At home, familiar. f Debtor. 

336 LETTER CXLL [1637. 



Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. I long to hear 
of your growing in grace, and of your advancing in 
your journey to heaven. It will be the joy of my heart to hear 
that ye hold your face up the brae,* and wade through temptations 
without fearing what man can do. Chriil: fhall, when He arifeth, 
mow down His enemies, and lay bulks f (as they ule to fpeak) on 
the green, and fiU the pits with dead bodies. J They fhall lie like 
handfuls of withered hay, when He arifeth to the prey. Salvation, 
falvation is the only necefTary thing. This clay idol, the world, is 
not to be fought ; it is a morfel not for you, but for hunger-bitten 
bailards. Contend for falvation. Y^our Mafler, Chrift, won 
heaven with firokes : it is a befieged caflle ; it muft be taken with 
violence. Oh, this world thinketh heaven but at the next door, 
and that godlinefs may fleep in a bed of down till it come to heaven ! 
But that will not do it. 

For m}-felf, I am as well as Chriil's prifoner can be ; for by Him 
I am mafter and king of all my crofles. I am above the prifon, and 
the lalh of men's tongues ; Chrift triumpheth in me. I have been 
caflen down, and heavy with fears, and haunted with challenges. 
I was fwimming in the depths, but Chrift had His hand under my 
chin all the time, and took good heed that I fhould not lofe breath ; 
and now I have gotten my feet again, and there are love-feafts of 
joy, and fpring-tides of confolation betwixt Chrift and me. We 
agree weU -, I have court with Him ; I am ftUl welcome to His 
houfe. Oh, my fhort arms cannot fathom His love ! I befeech 
you, I charge you, to help me to praile. Ye have a priibner's 
prayers, therefore forget me not. 

* The flope, or hillfide. 

t Carcafes ; properly, the trtmk^ or bulk of the man. Some \\r\te it 
'* boiiks ; '* but ** bulks'' is in all the old editions. 
X Ps. ex. 6 ; ^ ' the places." 

1637.] LETTER CXLIL 337 

I define Sibylla to remember me dearly to all in that paridi who 
know Chrifl:, as if I had named them. 
Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 13, 1637. 

CXLIL — To my very dear Brother, William Livingstone. 

[Probably one of his Anwoth parifhioners. There are Livingftones in that 
neighbourhood to this day.] 


Y VERY DEAR BROTHER,— I rejoice to hear that 
Chriil hath run away with your young love, and that 
ye are fo early in the morning matched with fuch a 
Lord ; for a young man is often a dreffed lodging for the devil to 
dwell in. Be humble and thankful for grace ; and weigh it not fo 
much by weight, as if it be true. Chrifl will not caft water on 
your fmoking coal ; He never yet put out a dim candle that was 
lighted at the Sun of Righteoufnefs. I recommend to you prayer 
and watching over the fins of your youth ; for I know that miifive * 
letters go between the devil and young blood. Satan hath a friend 
at court in the heart of youth ; and there pride, luxury, luft, re- 
venge, forgetfulnefs of God, are hired as his agents. Happy is 
your foul if Chrift manf the houfe, and take the keys Himfelf, and 
command all, as it fuiteth Him full well to rule all wherever He is. 
Keep Chrift, and entertain Him well. Cherifh His grace ; blow 
upon your own coal ; and let Him tutor you. 

Now for myfelf : know that I am fully agreed with my Lord. 
Chrift hath put the Father and me into each other's arms. Many a 
fweet bargain He made before, and He hath made this among the 

* Letters empowering a perfon to act. 

t Man the houfe, means ad as the goodman of the houfe, attending to vifitors. 
VOL. I. Y 

338 LETTER CXLIIL [1637. 

reft. I reign as king over my crofTes. I will not flatter a tempta- 
tion, nor ^ve the devil a good word : I defy hell's iron gates. God 
hath pafTed over my quarrelling of Him at my entry here, and now 
He feedeth and feafleth with me. 

Praife, praife with me ; and let us exalt His name together. 
Your brother in Chrifl:, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 13, 1637. 

CXLIIL — To William Gordon of Whitepark. 

[This may be a fon of George Gordon, who is recorded as heir to the 
eftate of ^* Whytpark," March 20, 1628. It was in the Parifh of Anwoth.] 


ORTHY SIR, — Grace, mercy, and peace be unto you. 
I long to hear from you. I am here the Lord's prifoner 
and patient, handled as foftly by my Phyfician as if I 
were a fick man under a cure. I was at hard terms with my Lord, 
and pleaded with Him, but I had the worft fide. It is a wonder 
that He fhould have fuiFered the like of me to have nicknamed the 
Son of His love, Chrifl:, and to call Him a changed Lord, who 
hath forfaken me. But miibelief* hath never a good word to 
fpeak of Chrifl. The drofs of my crofs gathered a fcum of fears in 
the fire — doubtings, impatience, unbelief, challenging of Providence 
as fleeping, and as not regarding my forrow ; but my goldfmith, 
Chrifl, was pleafed to take ofl^ the fcum, and burn it in the fire. 
And, blefled be my Refiner, He hath made the metal better, and 
furniflied new fupply of grace, to caufe me hold out weight ; and I 
hope that He hath not lofl one grain-weight by burning His fervant. 

* Erroneous faith. 

1637.] LETTER CXLIIL 339 

Now His love in my heart cafteth a mighty heat ; He knoweth 
that the defire I have to be at Himfelf paineth me. I have Tick 
nights and frequent fits of love-fevers for my Well-beloved. 
Nothing paineth me now but want of His prefence. I think it long 
till day. I challenge time as too flow in its pace, that holdeth my 
only fair one, my love, my Well-beloved, from me. Oh, if we 
were together once ! I am like an old crazed ihip that hath en- 
dured many florms, and that would fain be in the lee of the fhore, 
and feareth new florms ; I would be that* nigh heaven, that the 
fhadow of it might break the force of the llorm, and the crazed 
fhip might win to land.f My Lord's fun cafteth a heat of love and 
beam of light on my foul. My blefling thrice every day upon the 
fweet crofs of Chrifl: ! I am not afhamed of my garland, " the 
banifhed minifl:er," which is the term of Aberdeen. Love, love 
defieth reproaches. The love of Chrifl hath a corflet of proof on 
it, and arrows will not draw blood of it. We are more than con- 
querors through the blood of Him that loved us. J The devil and 
the world cannot wound the love of Chrift. I am further from 
yielding to the courfe of defection than when I came hither. Suf- 
ferings blunt not the fiery edge of love. Cafl: love into the floods 
of hell, it will fwim above. It careth not for the world's bufked§ 
and plaflered offers. It hath pleafed my Lord fo to line my heart 
with the love of my Lord Jefus, that, as if the field were already 
won, and I on the other fide of time, I laugh at the world's golden 
pleafures, and at this dirty idol which the fons of Adam worfhip. 
This worm-eaten god is that which my foul hath fallen out of love 

Sir, ye were once my hearer : I defire now to hear from you 
and your wife. I falute her and your children with bleffings. I 
am glad that ye are flill handfafledji with Chrifl. Go on in your 
journey, and take the city by violence. Keep your garments clean. 
Be clean virgins to your hufband the Lamb. The world fhall fol- 

* So nigh. t Get to. % Romans viii. 37. 

§ Decked with ornaments. || Betrothed to by joining hands. 

340 LETTER CXLIV. [1637. 

low you to heaven's gates : and ye would not wiih it to go in with 
you. Keep faft Chrifl's love. Pray for me, as I do for you. 
The Lord Jefus be with your fpirit. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, March 13, 1637. 

CXLIV. — To Mr George Gillespie. 

[George Gillespie was the fon of Mr John Gillefpie, fometime mi- 
nifter of the Gofpel at Kirkcaldy. He was licenfed to preach the Gofpel fome 
time prior to 1638; and in April, that year, was ordained minifter of 
Wemyfs. In 1642, by a fentence of the General Aflembly, he was tranflated 
to one of the churches in Edinburgh, where he continued till his death. 
Gillefpie poflefTed talents of the higheft order ; and fo much were thefe appre- 
ciated, that he was one of the four minifters fent as commiffioners from the 
Church of Scotland to the Weftminfter Aflembly in 1643. There he attraded 
general notice, by the cogency of argument, and the rare learning which he 
fhowed in pleading the caufe of Prefbytery, and oppofing Eraftianifin. At one of 
the meetings of that Aflembly, when the learned Selden had delivered a long 
and an elaborate difcourfe in favour of Eraftianifm, to which none feemed pre- 
pared to reply, Gillefpie, who was ftill a young man, was obferved to be writ- 
ing. A venerable friend went to his chair, and aiked if he had taken notes, 
but found that he had wTitten nothing except thefe words, frequently repeated, 
** Give light, Lord." His friend urged him to anfwer. Gillefpie at laft rofe, 
and in an extempore fpeech refuted Selden with a power of reafoning and an 
amount of learning which excited the admiration of all prefent. Selden him- 
felf is faid to have obferved, after hearing this reply, ** That young man, by a 
fingle fpeech, has fwept away the labour and the learning of ten years of my 
life ! " Gillefpie died in December 1648, in the 36th year of his age. During 
his laft illnefs he enjoyed little comfort, but was ftrong in the faith of ad- 
herence to the divine promifes — a fubjed: on which he infifted much in his 
fermons. When alked if he had any comfort, he faid, *^ No ; but though the 
Lord allow me no comfort, yet I will helie've that my Beloved is mine, and 
that I am His." To two minifters, who aflced what advice he had to give 
them, he anfwered : *M have little experience of the miniftry, having been in 
it only nine years ; but I can fay that I have got more afliftance in the work 
of preaching from prayer than ftudy ; and much more help from the afliftance 
of the Spirit than from books." And yet he was known to have been an in- 

1637.] LETTER CXLIF. 341 

defetigable ftudent. He is the author of various works, which are chiefly 
controverfial, fuch as *^The Englifli Popifh Ceremonies," and ** Aaron's Rod 


your letter. As for my cafe, brother, I blefs His 
glorious name, that my lofles are my gain, my prifon a 
palace, and my fadnefs joyfulnefs. At my firfl: entry, my appre- 
henfions fo wrought upon my crofs, that I became jealous* of the 
love of Chrifl, as being by Him thruft out of the vineyard, and I 
was under great challenges if as, ordinarily, J melted gold cafteth forth 
a droffy fcum, and Satan and our corruption form the firft words 
that the heavy crofs Ipeaketh, and fay, ** God is angry, He loveth 
you not." But our apprehenfions are not canonical ; § they indite 
lies of God and Chrift's love. But iince my fpirit was fettled, and 
the clay has fallen to the bottom of the well, I fee better what Chrift 
was doing. And now my Lord is returned with falvation under 
His wings. Now I want little of half a heaven, and I find Chrifl 
every day fo fweet, comfortable, lovely, and kind, that three things 
only trouble me : ly?, I fee not how to be thankful, or how to get 
help to praife that Royal lOng, who raifeth up thofe that are bowed 
down. 2d, His love paineth me, and woundeth my foul, fo that I 
am in a fever for want of real prefence. 3^, An exceilive defire to 
take inftruments |1 in God's name, that this is Chrift and His truth, 
which I now fuffer for ; yea, the apple of the eye of Chrift's 
honour, even the fovereignty and royal privileges of our Eng and 
Lawgiver, Chrift. And, therefore, let no man fcaur at Chrift's 
crofs, or raife an ill report upon Him or it ; for He beareth the 
fufferer and it both. 

I am here troubled with the difputes of the great doctors 
(efpecially with Dr B.f ) in Ceremonial and Arminian controverfies, 

* Sufpicious. t Rebukes. % Usually § Authentic Scripture. 

II Take documents to atteft the matter. ^ Dr Robert Barron. 

342 LETTER CXLV. [1637. 

for all are corrupt here ; but, I thank God, with no detriment to 

the truth, or difcredit to my profeflion. So, then, I fee that Chrift 

can triumph in a weaker man * nor I -, and who can be more weak ? 

But His grace is fufficient for me. 

Brother, remember our old covenant, and pray for me, and 

write to me your cafe. The Lord Jefus be with your fpirit. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 13, 1637. 

CXLV.— r^ Jean Gordon. 


mercy, and peace be to you. — I long to hear from you. 
I exhort you to fet up the braef to the King's city, 
that muft be taken by violence. Your afternoon's fiin is wearing 
low. Time will eat up your frail life, like a worm gnawing at the 
root of a May-flower. Lend Chrifl your heart. Set Him as a feal 
there. Take Him in within, and let the world and children fland 
at the door. They are not yours ; makej you and them for your 
proper owner, Chrift. It is good that He is your Hufband and 
their Father. What miffing can there be of a dying man, when 
God filleth His chair ? Give hours of the day to prayer. Fafh § 
Chrifl: (if I may fpeak fo), and importune Him; be often at His 
gate ; give His door no refl. I can tell you that He will be found. 
Oh what fweet fellow fhip is betwixt Him and me! I am imprifoned, 
but He is not imprifoned. He hath fhamed me with His kindnefs. 
He hath come to my prifon, and run away with my heart and all 
my love. Well may He brook it ! I wifh that my love get never 

* Than. t Pufli up the hil 

X This feems to mean, mould, fafliion yourfelf and them. 

§ Trouble ; by being importunate. || Poflefs, enjoy. 

1637.] LETTER CXLVI. 343 

an owner but Chriil. Fy, fy upon old lovers, that held us fo long 
afunder ! We fhall not part now. He and I fhall be heard, before 
He win out of my grips.* I refolve to wreflle with Chrill:, ere I 
quit Him. But my love to Him hath caften my foul into a fever, 
and there is no cooling of my fever, till I get real pofTeflion of 
Chrift. O ftrong, ftrong love of Jefus, thou haft wounded my 
heart with thine arrows ! Oh pain ! Oh pain of love for Chrift ! 
Who will help me to praife ? 

Let me have your prayers. Grace be with you. 
Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 13, 1637. 

CXLVL — To Mr James Bruce, Mimjler of the Go/pel. 

[Mr James Bruce was minifter of Kingfbarns, in the Prefbytery of St 
Andrews. He was admitted in 1630. Prelacy and the Englifh ceremonies 
had then, for a confiderable time, been impofed upon the Church of Scotland. 
But Bruce, like many other of her minifters, being in principle decidedly 
favourable to Prefbytery, refufed to practife the ceremonies. He was, how- 
ever, overlooked, and permitted to continue in his charge, the Bifhops at that 
time removing very few, becaufe, the introduced ceremonies being fo un- 
popular, it was judged dangerous and impolitic to enforce a rigid and univerfal 
compliance with them. Bruce made an early public appearance againft the 
attempts of the court to impofe the Anglo-Popifh liturgy, or Service-book, 
in 1637. He was a member of the Glafgow Aflembly, 1638. He died at 
Kingfbams, May 26, i66z, when the ftorm of perfecution was about to 
break upon the Church of Scotland, being thus taken away from the evil to 



Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — Upon the neareft 
acquaintance (that we are Father's children), I thought 

good to write to you. My cafe in my bonds for the honour of my 

* Grafp. . 

344 LETTER CXLFIL [1637 

royal Prince and King, Jefus is as good as becometh the witnefs of 
fuch a fovereign King. At my firft coming hither, I was in great 
heavinefs, wreftling with challenges-,* being burdened in heart (as 
I am yet), for my filent Sabbaths, and for a bereaved people, young 
ones new-born, plucked from the breaft, and the children's table 
drawn. f I thought I was a dry tree call over the dyke of the vine- 
yard. But my fecret conceptions of Chrift's love, at His fweet and 
long-defired return to my foul, were found to be a lie of Chrift's 
love, forged by the tempter and my own heart. And I am perfuaded 
it was fo. Now there is greater peace and fecurity within than be- 
fore ; the court is raifed and dilmifled, for it was not fenced J in God's 
name. I was far miflaken who fhould have fummoned Chrifl for 
unkindnefs ; milled § faith, and my fever, conceived amifs of Him. 
Now, now. He is pleafed to feafl a poor prifoner, and to refrefh me 
with joy unfpeakable and glorious ! fo as the Holy Spirit is witnefs 
that my fufferings are for Chrifl's truth -, and God forbid that I 
fhould deny the teftimony of the Holy Spirit and make Him a falfe 
witnefs. Now, I teflify under my hand, out of fome fmall experi- 
ence, that Chrifl's caufe, even with the crofs, is better than the king's 
crown ; and that His reproaches are fweet. His crofs perfumed, the 
walls of my prifon fair and large, my lofles gain. 

I defire you, my dear brother, to help me to praife, and to re- 
member me in your prayer to God. Grace, grace be with you. 
Yours, in our Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, March ^ 14, 1637. 

CXLVII. — To John Gordon, at Rufco, in Par'ifh of Anwothy 

[The old tower, or caftle, ftill ftands on a gentle flope, three miles from 
Anwoth, but uninhabited. It was at this old manfion (Rufco) that Robert 

Self-upbraidings. f Removed. | Opened and conftituted. 

That ha3 a mift between it and its objed. 


Campbell, laird of Kinzeancleugh, the friend of John Knox, died of fever, 
in 1574, when on a vifit to Gordon of Lochinvar, *^ exprefling his confidence of 
victory, and his defire to depart and be v^ith Chrift."] 


not your fhort fand-glafs, which runneth very fafi: ; 
feek your Lord in time. Let me obtain of you a letter 
under your hand, for a promife to God, by His grace, to take a 
new courfe of walking with God. Heaven is not at the next door ; 
I find it hard to be a Chriftian. There is no little thrufting and 
thringing* to thrufl in at heaven's gates; it is a caflle taken by force; 
— " Many fhall ftrive to enter in, and fhall not be able." 

I befeech and obteft you in the Lord, to make confcience of 
rafh and pailionate oaths, of raging and fudden avenging anger, of 
night drinking, of needlefs companion ry,f of Sabbath-breaking, of 
hurting any under you by word or deed, of hating your very 
enemies. " Except ye receive the kingdom of God as a little child," 
and be as meek and fober-minded as a babe, ** ye cannot enter into 
the kingdom of God." That is a word which fhould touch you 
near, and make you ftoop and cafl yourfelf down, and make your 
great fpirit fall. I know that this will not be eafdy done, but I re- 
commend it to you, as you tender your part of the kingdom of heaven. 

Brother, I may, from new experience, Ipeak of Chrifl to you. 
Oh, if ye faw in Him what I fee ! A river of God's unfeen joys 
have flowed from bank to brae J over my foul fmce I parted with 
you. I wifh that I wanted part, fo being ye might have ; that your 
foul might be fick of love for Chrifl, or rather fatiated with Him. 
This clay-idol, the world, would feem to you then not worth a fig ; 
time will eat you out of pofl^eifion of it. When the eye-ftrings 
break, and the breath groweth cold, and the imprifoned foul looketh 

* Prefling urgently. f Aflbciating with companions ; companionfhips. 

I Rifing high above ordinary limits. 

34^ LETTER CXLVIIL [1637. 

out of the windows of the clay-houfe, ready to leap out into eternity, 
what would you then give for a lamp full of oil ? Oh feek it now. 

I defire you to correct and curb banning,* fwearing, lying, 
drinking. Sabbath-breaking, and idle fpending of the Lord's day in 
abfence from the kirk, as far as your authority reacheth in that 

I hear that a man is to be thrufl into that place, to the which I 
have God's right. I know that ye fhould have a voice by God's 
word in that (Acts i. 15, 16, to the end ; vi. 3-5). Ye would be 
loath that any prelate (hould put you out of your poflefTion earthly ; 
and this is your right. What I write to you, I write to your wife. 
Grace be with you. 

Your loving paftor, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 14, 1637. 

CXLVIIL— r^ the Lady Hallhill. 

[Lady Hallhill, whofe maiden name was Learmonth, was the wife 
of Sir James Melville of Hallhill, in Fife, the fon of Sir James Melville of 
Hallhill, a privy counfellor to King James VI., and an accomplifhed ftatefman 
and courtier in his day, who died in 1617. — (^Douglas' Peerage ^ vol. ii.) 
Confequently, this lady was fifter-in-law to Lady Culrofs, formerly noticed* 
Livingftone, who was perfonally acquainted with her, defcribes her as * * emi- 
nent for grace and gifts; and whofe ** memory was very precious and re- 
frefhing " to him.] 


EAR AND CHRISTIAN LADY,— Grace, mercy, and 
peace be to you. — I longed much to write to your 
Ladyfhip ; but now, the Lord offering a fit occaiTion, I 
would not omit to do it. 

I cannot but acquaint your Ladyfhip with the kind dealing of 
Chrift to my foul, in this houfe of my pilgrimage, that your Lady- 

* Smaller oaths. 

1637-] LETTER CXLVIIL 347 

Ihip may know that He is as good as He is called. For at my riril 
entry into this trial (being caften down and troubled with challenges 
and jealoufies * of His love, whofe name and teftimony I now bear 
in my bonds), I feared nothing more than that I was caflen over 
the dyke of the vineyard, as a dry tree. But, blefled be His great 
name, the dry tree was in the fire, and was not burnt ; His dew 
came down and quickened the root of a withered plant. And now 
He is come again with joy, and hath been pleafed to feaft His exiled 
and alflidted prilbner with the joy of His confolations. Now I 
weep, but am not fad ; I am chaftened, but I die not ; I have lofs, 
but I want nothing ; this water cannot drown me, this fire cannot 
burn me, becaufe of the good-will of Him that dwelt in The Bufh. 
The worft things of Chrift, His reproaches. His crofs, are better 
than Eg}'pt's treafures. He hath opened His door, and taken into 
His houfe-of-wine a poor fmner, and hath left me fo fick of love 
for my Lord Jefus, that if heaven were at my difpofing, I would 
give it for ChrLft, and would not be content to go to heaven, except 
I were perfuaded that Chrifi: were there. I would not give, nor 
exchange, my bonds for the prelates' velvets ; nor my prifon for 
their coaches ; nor my fighs for all the world's laughter. This 
clay-idol, the world, hath no great court f in my foul. Chrift hath 
come and run away to heaven with my heart and my love, fo that 
neither heart nor love is mine : I pray God, that Chrift may keep 
both without reverfion.J In my eflimation, as I am now difpofed, 
if my part of this world's clay were rouped§ and fold, I would 
think it dear of a drink of water. I fee Chrifl's love is fo kingly, that 
it will not abide a marrow -, [| it mufl have a throne all alone in 
the foul. And I fee that apples beguile bairns, howbeit they be 
worm-eaten. The moth-eaten pleafures of this prefent world make 
bairns believe ten is a hundred, and yet all that are here are but 
(hadows. If they would draw by f the curtain that is hung betwixt 

* Self-upbraidings and fufpicions. f No great influence. 

X Without there being any one to pofTefs it after Him. § Set up to public fale* 
II A companion on equal terms. T Draw alide. 

348 LETTER CXLIX. [1637. 

them and Chrifl:, they fliould fee themfelves fools who have fo long 
mifkenned* the Son of God. I leek no more, next to heaven, than 
that He may be glorified in a prifoner of Chrifl: -, and that in my 
behalf many would praife His high and glorious name who heareth 
the fighing of the prifoner. 

Remember my fervice to the laird, your hufl^and ; and to your 
fon, my acquaintance. I wifh that Chrifl: had His young love, and 
that in the morning he would flart to the gate,f to feek that which 
the world knoweth not, and, therefore, doth not feek it. 
The grace of our Lord Jefus Chrift be with you. 
Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 14, 1637. 

CXLIX. — To the much honoured John Osburn, Provojl of Ayr, 

[Of John Osburn, merchant in Ayr, and at this time chief magiftrate of 
that burgh, little is now kno\Mi. He died about the clofe of the year 1653, 
or beginning of the following year, as appears from his fon David being re- 
toured his heir on 17th January- 1654. — (Jnq. Gener. No. 3884.) He had a 
daughter, Jane, who was married to Robert Kelfo of Halrig and Kelfoland, 
the reprefentative of one of the moft ancient families of A)Tfhire, to whom 
fhe had two fons, John, surveyor of the cuftoms at Port-Glafgow, and 
William of Dalkeith, wTiter to the fignet. Their father appears on the lift of 
the gentlemen in A)Tfhire, whom Middleton fined, in 1662.] 



UCH HONOURED SIR,— Grace, mercy, and peace 
be to you. — L^pon our fmall acquaintance, and the good 
report I hear of you, I could not but write to you. I 
have nothing to fay, but that Chrifl, in that honourable place He 
hath put you in, hath intrufled you with a dear pledge, which is 
His own glory •, and hath armed you with His fword to keep the 

* Miftaken through ignorance. f Set out on his journey with alacrity. 

1637.] LETTER CL, 349 

pledge, and make a good account of it to God. Be not afraid of 
men. Your Mafter can mow down His enemies, and make withered 
hay of fair flowers. Your time will not be long ; after your after- 
noon will come your evening, and after evening, night. Serve 
Chrift. Back Him ; let His caufe be your caufe ; give not an hair- 
breadth of truth away ; for it is not yours, but God's. Then, 
fmce ye are going, take Chrifl's teftificate * with you out of this life 
— '* Well done, good and faithful fervant!" His "well done" is 
worth a fhipful of " Good-days " and earthly honours. I have caufe 
to fay this, becaufe I find Him truth itfelf. In my fad days, Chrifl 
laugheth cheerfully, and faith, "All will be well!" Would to 
God that all this kingdom, and all that know God, knew what is 
betwixt Chrift and me in this prifon — what kifles, embracements, 
and love communions ! I take His crofs in my arms with joy ; I 
blefs it, I rejoice in it. Suffering for Chrifl is my garland. I would 
not exchange Chrifl for ten thoufand worlds ! nay, if the compari- 
fon could ftand, I would not exchange Chrift with heaven. 

Sir, pray for me, and the prayers and blefling of a prifoner of 
Chrift meet you in all your ftraits. Grace be with you. 
Yours, in Chrifl Jefus, his Lord, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 14, 1637. 

CL. — To his loving Friend , John Henderson. [See Let. 208.] 


OVING FRIEND,— Continue in the love of Chrifl, and 
the do6lrine which I taught you faithfully and pain- 
fully, according to my meafure. I am free of your 
blood. Fear the dreadful name of God. Keep in mind the ex- 

* Teftimonial, or certificate of charader. 

350 LETTER CLI. [1637, 

aminations* which I taught you, and love the truth of God. Death, 
as fafl as time fleeth, chafeth you out of this life ; it is poiTible that 
ye may make your reckoning with your Judge before I fee you. 
Let falvation be your care, night and day, and fet afide hours and 
times of the day for prayer. I rejoice to hear that there is prayer in 
your houfe. See that your fervants keep the Lord's day. This dirt 
and god of cl^y (I mean the vain world) is not worth the feeking. 

An hireling paftor is to be thrufl in upon you, in the room to 
which I have Chrift's warrant and right. Stand to your liberties, 
for the word of God alloweth you a vote in choofmg your paftor. 

What I write to you, I write to your wife. Commend me 
heartily to her. The grace of God be with you. 
Your loving Friend and Paftor, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, March 14, 1637. 

CLL — To John Meine, Senior. 

[John Meine, merchant in Edinburgh, was a man of enlightened piety, 
and a decided Prefbyterian. His zeal and fteadfaftnefs in maintaining Prefby- 
terian principles, expofing him to the refentment of the court and prelates, he 
was, on different occafions, the objed: of their perfecution. Having, with 
other citizens of Edinburgh, encouraged Nonconforming minifters, by accom- 
panying them to the court when dragged before the High Commiffion, he 
was, without citation, trial, or convidion, banifhed to Wigtown by the Privy 
Council, according to the orders of the king. But the execution of the fen- 
tence was fufpended. In regard to the Perth Articles, he would make no com- 
promife. In 1624, when the To\\ti Council, Seflion, and citizens of Edinburgh, 
convened, according to an ancient cuftom obferved among them from the 
time of the Reformation, to remove fuch grounds of difference as might have 
arifen, before uniting in the celebration of the Lord's Supper, Meine ftrongly 
pleaded that the ordinance {hould be folemnifed without kneeling, a ceremony 
with which (he faid) he could not comply. On account of his zeal in this 
matter, he was fummoned before the Privy Council. The refult was, that in 

* Perhaps (fee in Let. 166) his inftrndions on the Catechifm are meant. 

1637.] LETTER CLL 351 

June that year, Meine was fentenced by the Council to be confined within the 
town of Elgin. About the beginning of January next year, he obtained 
liberty for a few days to come home to vifit his family. He was afterwards 
ordered to return to his place of confinement; but James VI. dying on the 
27th of March that year, an end was put to his trouble for a time. Living- 
ftone, defcribing him in his Memorable Charadteriftics, fays, ^^He ufed, 
fummer and winter, to rife about three in the morning, and always fing fome 
pfalm as he put on his clothes. He fpent till fix o'clock alone in religious ex- 
ercifes, and at fix worfhipped God with his family, and then went to his 
fhop." Meine was married to Barbara Hamilton, filter to the firft wife of the 
famous Robert Blair.] 


EAR BROTHER, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. 
— I wonder that ye fent me not an anfwer to my lafl: 
letter, for I fland in need of it. I am in fome piece of 
court* with our great ICing, whofe love would caufe a dead man 
to fpeak, and live. Whether my court* will continue or not, I 
cannot well fay ; but I have His ear frequently, and (to His glory 
only I fpeak it), no penury of the love-kifTes of the Son of God. 
He thinketh good to cafi: apples to me in my prifon to play withal, 
left I fhould think longf and faint. I muft give over all attempts 
to fathom the depth of His love. All I can do is, but to ftand 
befide His great love, and look and wonder. My debts of thank- 
fulnefs affright me ; I fear that my creditor get a dyvour-billj and 
ragged account. J 

I would be much the better of help. Oh, for help ! and that ye 
would take notice of my cafe. Your not writing to me maketh me 
think ye fuppofe that I am not to be bemoaned, becaufe He fendeth 
comfort. But I have pain in my unthankfulnefs, and pain in the 
feeling of His love, whill§ I am fick again for real prefence and 
real polTeffion of Chrifl. Yet there is no gowked || (if I may fo 
fpeak), nor fond love in Chrifl:. He cafteth me down fometimes for 

* Have fomething like influence. f Yearn wearily. 

X A bankrupt debtor's account ; torn and incomplete. § Till. 
II Foolifh i love that puts the perfon in a foolifh pofition. 

352 LETTER CLII. Li<^37- 

old faults ; and I know that He knoweth well that fweet comforts 
are swelling, and, therefore for row mufl: take a vent to the wind. 

My dumb Sabbaths are undercoating * wounds. The condition 
of this opprefTed kirk, and my brother's cafe (I thank you and your 
wife for your kindnefs to him), hold my fore fmarting, and keep 
my wounds bleeding. But the groundwork ftandeth fure. Pray 
for me. Grace be with you. Remember me to your wife. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, <-, -^ 

Aberdeen, March 14, 1637. 

CLII. — To Mr Thomas Garven. 

[This correfpondent was one of the minifters of Edinburgh. Letters 165 
and 247, are alfo addrefled to him.] 


for your letter ; it was a fhower to the new-mown grafs. 
The Lord hath given you the tongue of the learned. 
Be fruitful and humble. 

It is poflible that ye may come to my cafe, or the like ; but the 
water is neither fo deep, nor the ftream fo ftrong, as it is called. 
I think my fire is not fo hot ; my water is dry land, my lofs rich 
lofs. Oh, iff the walls of my prifon be high, wide, and large, and 
the place fweet ! No man knoweth it, no man, I fay, knoweth it, 
my dear brother, fo well as He and I ; no man can put it down in 
black and white as my Lord hath fealed it in my heart. My poor 
flock hath grown fmce I came to Aberdeen ; and if any had known 
the wrong I did, in being jealous of fuch an honefl lover as Chriif , 
who withheld not His love from me, they would think the more of 
it. But I fee, He muft be above me in mercy. I will never ftrive 

* Feftering under the Ikin. 

] ^' Oh if;'' q. d.y What will you fay if I tell you that the walls of my 
prifon are, etc. 

1637.] LETTER CLIL 353 

with Him ; to think to recompenfe Him is folly. If I had as many 
angels' tongues, as there have fallen drops of rain fmce the creation, 
or as there are leaves of trees in all the forefls of the earth, or ftars 
in the heaven, to praife, yet my Lord Jefus would ever be behind 
with me.* We will never get our accounts fitted. A pardon mufl 
clofe the reckoning ; for His comforts to me in this honourable 
caufe have almofl put me beyond the bounds of modefly ; howbeit 
I will not let every one know what is betwixt us. Love, love (I 
mean Chrift's love), is the hotteft coal that ever I felt. Oh, but 
the fmoke of it be hot ! Cafl all the fait fea on it, it will flame ; 
hell cannot quench it ; many many waters will not quench love. 
Chrifl: is turned over to His poor prifoner in a mafs and globe of 
love. I wonder that He fhould wafte so much love upon such a 
wafler as I am ; but He is no wafter, but abundant in mercy. He 
hath no niggard's alms, when He is pleafed to give. Oh that I 
could invite all the nation to love Him ! Free grace is an unknown 
thing. This world hath heard but a bare name of Chrifl, and no 
more. There are infinite plies in His love that the faints will never 
win f to unfold ; I would it were better known, and that Chrifl got 
more of His own due than He doth. 

Brother, ye have chofen the good part, who have taken part 
with Chrifl. Ye will fee Him win the field, and fliall get part of 
the fpoil when He divideth it. They are but fools who laugh at 
us ; for they fee but the backfide of the moon, yet our moonlight 
is better than their twelve-hours' J fun. We have gotten the New 
Heavens, and, as a pledge of that, the Bridegroom's love-ring. The 
children of the wedding-chamber have caufe to flcip and leap for 
joy ; for the marriage-fupper is drawing nigh, and we find the four- 
hours' § fweet and comfortable. O time, be not flow! O fun, 
move fpeedily, and haflen our banquet! O Bridegroom, be like a 
roe or a young hart upon the mountains! O Well-beloved, run 
fafl, that we may once || meet ! 

* Never get me to come up to His due. f Folds that faints will not get at. 
X Noon of the day ; their fun at his beft. 

§ The flight meal taken in the ,^ftemoon. || Some time or other. 
VOL. I. Z 

354 LETTER CLIIL [1637. 

Brother, I reftrain myfelf for want of time. Pray for me ; I 
hope to remember you. The good-will of Him who dwelt in the 
bufh, the tender mercies of God in Chrift, enrich you. Grace be 
with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 14, 1637. 

CLIIL — To Bethaia Aird. 

[The name Aird is not uncommon in the hiftory of the Church. Mr JVni. 
Aird was a noted minifter in Edinburgh in Livingftone's days. Wodrow's 
Hiftory mentions Aird of Muirkirk, and alfo John Aird of Milton. In the 
memoir of Walter Pringle of Greenknow, we find James Aird was his inti- 
mate friend. But whether this correfpondent was related to any of them, we 
know not. She may have been fimply an Anwoth parifhioner.] 


ORTHY SISTER, — Grace, mercy, and peace be unto 
you. I know that ye defire news from my prifon, and 
I fhall fhow you news. At my firfl entry hither, 
Chrift and I agreed not well upon it. The devil made a plea * in 
the houfe, and I laid the blame upon Chrifl ; for my heart was 
fraughtedf with challenges, and I feared that I was an outcaft, and 
that I was but a withered tree in the vineyard, and but held the fun 
off the good plants with my idle fhadow, and that, therefore, my 
Mafter had given the evil fervant the fields, to fend J him. Old 
guiltinefs (as witnefs) faid, " All is true." My apprehenfions were 
with child of faithlefs fears, and unbelief put a feal and amen to 
all. I thought myfelf in a hard cafe. Some faid I had caufe to re- 
joice that Chrift had honoured me to be a witnefs for Him ; and I 
faid in my heart, " Thefe are words of men, who fee but mine out- 
fide, and cannot tell if I be a falfe witnefs or not." 

* Controverfy, difpute. f Fully filled with felf-upbraidings. 

X To fhift for himfelf in the fields; caft him out. 


If Chrifl: had in this matter been as wilful and fhort* as I was, 
my faith had gone over the brae,f and broken its neck. But we 
were well met, — a hafly fool, and a wife, patient, and meek Saviour. 
He took no law-advantage of my folly, but waited on till my ill- 
blood was fallen, and my d rumbled J and troubled well began to 
clear. He was never a whit angry at the fever-ravings of a poor 
tempted finner ; but He mercifully forgave, and came (as it well be- 
cometh Him), with grace and new comfort, to a finner who deferved 
the contrary. And now He is content to kifs my black mouth, to 
put His hand into mine, and to feed me with as many confolations 
as would feed ten hungry fouls. Yet I dare not fay that He is a 
waiter of comforts, for no lefs would have borne me up -, one 
grain-weight lefs would have caflen § the balance. 

Now, who is like to that royal King, crowned in Zion ! Where 
fhall I get a feat for real Majefty to fet Him on ? If I could fet 
Him as far above the heaven as thoufand thoufands of heights de- 
vifed by men and angels, I fhould think Him but too low. I pray 
you, for God's fake, my dear filler, to help me to praife. His love 
hath neither brim nor bottom ; His love is like Himlelf, it pafiTeth 
all natural underftanding. I go to fathom it with my arms ; but it 
is as if a child would take the globe of fea and land in his two fhort 
arms. Blefied and holy is His name! This muft be His truth 
which I now fuffer for ; for He would not laugh upon a lie, nor 
be witnefs with His comforts to a night-dream. 

I entreat for your prayers ; and the prayer and bleiling of a 
prifoner of Chrifl be upon you. Grace be with you. 
Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, March 14, 1637. 

* Short-tempered ; hafty. t Fallen over the hill. 

X Difturbed, made muddy. § Turned the fcale. 

35^ LETTER CLIK [1637. 

CLn^. — To Alexander Gordon of Knockgray, fiear Carjpha'irn. 

^|EAR BROTHER, — I have not leifure to write to you. 
Chrifl's ways were known to you long before I, who 
^ am but a child, knew anything of Him. What wrong 
and violence the prelates may, by God's permiffion, do unto you, 
for your trial, I know not; but this I know, that your ten days' tribu- 
lation will end. Contend to the lafl: breath for Chrift. Banifhment 
out of thefe kingdoms is determined againft me, as I hear ; this land 
dow* not bear me. I pray you, to recommend my cafe and bonds to 
my brethren and fifters with you. I intrufl more of my fpiritual com- 
fort to you and them that way, my dear brother, than to many in 
this kingdom befides. I hope that ye will not be wanting to Chrift's 

Fear nothing ; for I afTure 5'ou that Alexander Gordon of Knock- 
gray fhall win away,f and get his foul for a prey. And what can 
he then want that is worth the having ? Your friends are cold (as 
ye write) ; and fo are thofe in w^hom I trufted much. Our Hulband 
doth well in breaking our idols in pieces. Dry wells fend us to the 
fountain. " My life is not dear to me, fo being I may fulfil my 
courfe with joy." I fear that ye muA remove, if your new hireling 
will not bear your difcountenancing of him ; for the prelate is afraid 
that Chrifl get you ; and that he hath no will to. 
Grace be with you. 

Yours in his fweet Lord and Mafler, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

* Is riot able to. t Get away from this world. 

i637-] LETTER CLF. 357 

CLV. — To Grizzel Fullerton. 

[Grizzel Fullerton was the daughter of William Fullerton, Provoft 
of Kirkcudbright, and Marion M ^Naught. See Let. 6.] 


EAR SISTER, — I exhort you in the Lord, to feek your 
one thing, Mary's good part, that fhall not be taken 
from you. Set your heart and foul on the children's 
inheritance. This clay-idol, the world, is but for baftards, and ye 
are His lawfully-begotten child. Learn the way (as your dear 
mother hath done before you) to knock at Chrift's door. Many an 
alms of mercy hath Chrift given to her, and hath abundance behind 
to give to you. Ye are the feed of the faithful, and born within 
the covenant ; claim your right. I would not exchange Chrift Jefus 
for ten worlds of glory. I know now (bleffed be my Teacher !) 
how to fhute* the lock, and unbolt my Well-beloved's door ; and 
He maketh a poor flranger welcome when He cometh to His houfe. 
I am fwelled up and fatisfied with the love of Chrifl, that is better 
than wine. It is a fire in my foul ; let hell and the world call 
water on it, they will not mend themfelves. I have now gotten the 
right gatef of Chrift. I recommend Him to you above all things. 
Come and find J the fmell of His breath ; fee if His kifles be not 
fweet. He defireth no better than to be much made of ; be homely § 
with Him, and ye fhall be the more welcome -, ye know not how 
fain Chrifl would have all your love. Think not this is imagina- 
tion and bairns' play, which we make din for. |1 I would not fuiFer 
for it, if it were fo. I dare pawn my heaven for it, that it is the 
way to glory. Think much of truth, and abhor thefe ways devifed 
by men in God's worfhip. 

* Shove back. f ^V'ay of dealing with. X Feel ; or find out. 

$ At home with; familiar. 11 Make fo much noife about. 

358 ■ LETTER CLVL [1637. 

The grace of Chrifl be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jeius, 

8. R. 
Aberdeen, March 14, 1637. 

CLVL— 21? Patrick Carsen. 

[This was, perhaps, the fon of John Carfen, formerly noticed. See 
Let. 127.] 


EAR AND LOVING FRIEND,— I cannot but, upon 
the opportunity of a bearer, exhort you to refign the 
JJ love of your youth to Chrift ; and in this day, while 
your fun is high and your youth ferveth you, to feek the Lord and 
His face. For there is nothing out of heaven fo necefTary for you as 
Chrifl. And ye cannot be ignorant but your day will end, and the 
night of death fhall call you from the pleafures of this life : and a 
doom given out in death Aandeth for ever — as long as God liveth ! 
Youth, ordinarily, is a poft and ready fervant for Satan, to run 
errands ; for it is a nefl for lufl:, curfmg, drunkennefs, blafpheming 
of God, lying, pride, and vanity. Oh, that there were fuch an 
heart in you as to fear the Lord, and to dedicate your foul and 
body to His fervice ! When the time cometh that your eye-ftrings 
{haU break, and your face wax pale, and legs and arms tremble, 
and your breath fhaU grow cold, and your poor foul look out at 
your priibn houfe of clay, to be fet at liberty ; then a good con- 
fcience, and your Lord's favour, fhall be worth all the world's glory. 
Seek it as your garland and crown. 
Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 14, lA;,;. 

637-] LETTER CLVII. 359 

CLVIL— -r^ Carleton. 

[Livingftone, in his Charaderiftics, mentions two peiibns of this name -. 
^* Fullerton of Carleton^ in Galloway, a grave and cheerful Chriftian;" and 
** Cathcart of Carleton, in Carrick, an old, experienced Chriftian," in much 
repute among the religious of his day, for his fkill in folving cafes of con- 
fcience, and dealing with perfons under fpiritual afflidion. But it feems clear 
that Rutherford's correspondent was John Fullerton of Carleton^ in the parifh of 
Borgue. For, in Let. 15, he is fpoken of as in Galloway. In the ^* Minutes 
of Comm. of Covenanters," we find the following eftates put fide by fide, all 
of them a few miles from Anwoth, viz., ^^ Roberton and Carleton ^ Caillie and 
Rufco, Carfiuth and Caflincarrie." His lady's name appears prefixed to Let. 

This, too, was the Carleton that wrote the Acroftic on Marion M^ Naught 
(fee note on Let. 5). He was author of a poem — ^* The Turtle Doi^e^ under 
the abfence and prefence of her only Choice. 1664," — dedicated by the author 
to Lady Jane Campbell, Vifcountefs Kenmure, with whom he was conneded. 
The only copy known is in pofleflion of Mr Nicholfon, Kirkcudbright. He 
alfo wrote * * A Manifefto of the Kingdom of Scotland in favour of the League 
and Covenant," in verfe. (See ^^ Minutes of Comm. of Covenanters.")] 


UCH HONOURED SIR,— I wiU not impute your not 
writing to me to forgetfulnefs. However, I have One 
above who forgetteth me not — nay, He groweth in His 
kindnels. It hath pleafed His holy Majefty to take me from the 
pulpit, and teach me many things, in my exile and priibn, that were 
myfteries to me before. 

I fee His bottomlefs and boundlefs love and kindnels, and my 
jealoufies and ravings, which, at my firft entry into this furnace, 
were fo foolifh and bold, as to fay to Chrifl, who is truth itfelf, in 
His face, " Thou liefl." I had well nigh loft my grips.* I won- 
dered if it was Chriil or not ; for the mift and fmoke of my per- 

Firm hold. 

36o LETTER CLFII. [1637. 

turbed heart made me miftake my Mafter, Jefus. My faith was 
dim, and hope frozen and cold ; and my love, which caufed 
jealoufies, had fome warmnefs, and heat, and fmoke, but no flame 
at all. (Yet I was looking for fome good of Chrill's old claim to 
me.) I thought I had forfeited all my rights. But the tempter 
was too much upon my counfels, and was ilill blowing the coal. 
Alas ! I knew not well before how good fkill my Interceflbr and 
Advocate, Chrift, hath of pleading, and of pardoning me fuch follies. 
Now He is returned to my foul with healing under His wings ; and 
I am nothing behind with Chrifl: * now ; for He hath overpaid me, 
by His prefence, the pain I was put to by on-waiting, and any little 
lofs that I fuflained by my witnefling againfl the wrongs done to 
Him. I trow it was a pain to my Lord to hide Himfelf any longer. 
In a manner. He was challengingf His own unkindnefs, and repented 
Him of His glooms. J And now, what want I on earth that Chrift 
can give to a poor prifoner ? Oh, how fweet and lovely is He now ! 
Alas ! that I can get none to help me to lift up my Lord Jefus 
upon His throne, above all the earth. 

id/y, I am now brought to fome meafure of fubmiflion, and I 
refolve to wait till I fee what my Lord Jefus will do with me. I 
dare not now nickname, or fpeak one word againft, the all-feeing 
and over-watching providence of my Lord. I fee that providence 
runneth not on broken wheels. But I, like a fool, carved a provi- 
dence for my own eafe, to die in my neft, and to fleep flill till my 
grey hairs, and to lie on the funny fide of the mountain, in my 
miniflry at Anwoth. But now I have nothing to fay againfl a 
borrowed firefide, and another man's houfe, nor Kedar's tents, 
where I live, being removed far from my acquaintance, my lovers, 
and my friends. I fee that God hath the world on His wheels, and 
cafteth it as a potter doth a vefTel on the wheel. I dare not fay 
that there is any inordinate or irregular motion in providence. The 
I^ord hath done it. I will not go to law with Chrift, for I would 
gain nothing of that. 

* Chrilt has paid mc all my claim. t Rebuking. t Frowns. 

1637-] LETTER CLVIL 361 

3^/y, I have learned fome greater mortification ; and not to 
mourn after, or feek to fuck, the world's dry breads. Nay, my 
Lord hath filled me with fuch dainties, that I am like to a full 
banqueter, who is not for common cheer. What have I to do to 
fall down upon my knees, and worfhip mankind's great idol, the 
world ^ I have a better God than any claygod : nay, at prefent, 
as I am now difpofed, I care not much to give this world a difcharge 
of my life-rent of it, for bread and water. I know that it is not 
my home, nor my Father's houfe ; it is but His foot-ftool, the outer 
clofe* of His houfe. His out-fields and muir-ground. Let baftards 
take it. I hope never to think myfelf in its common, f for honour 
or riches. Nay, now, I fay to laughter, " Thou art madnefs." 

^hly, I find it to be moft true, that the greatefl temptation out of 
hell, is, to live without temptations. If my waters fhould fland, they 
would rot. Faith is the better of the free air, and of the fharp 
winter ftorm in its face. Grace withereth without adverfity. The 
devil is but God's mailer fencer, to teach us to handle our weapons. 

^thly, I never knew how weak I was, till now when He hideth 
Himfelf, and when I have Him to feek, feven times a day. I am a 
dry and withered branch, and a piece of dead carcafs, dry bones, 
and not able to ftep over a flraw. The thoughts of my old fms, 
are as the fummons of death to me , and my late brother's cafe 
hath flricken me to the heart. When my wounds are clofmg, a 
little ruffle J caufeth them to bleed afrefh ; {o thin-fkinned is my 
foul, that I think it is like a tender man's fkin that may touch nothing. 
Ye fee how fhort I would fhoot of the prize, if His grace were not 
fufficient for me. 

Wo is me for the day of Scotland ! Wo, wo is me for my 
harlot-mother ; for the decree is gone forth ! Women of this land 
fhall call the childlefs and mifcarrying wombs bleffed. The anger 
of the Lord is gone forth, and fhall not return, till He perform the 
purpofe of His heart againft Scotland. Yet He fhall make Scotland 

* The lane, or paflage, forming the entry to the houle. 

t Under obligation to. % It is written ^^ rifle/' in old editions. 

362 LETTER CLVIIL [1637. 

a new, {harp inftrument, having teeth to threfh the mountains, and 
fan the hills as chafF. 

The prifoner's blelTing be upon you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, March 14, 1637. 

QlN\ll.—To the Lady Busbie. [See Let. 133.] 


ISTRESS, — I know that ye are thinking ibmetimes what 
Chrift is doing in Zion, and that the haters of Zion 
may get the bottom of our cup, and the burning coals 
of our furnace that we have been tried in, thofe many years bygone. 
Oh, that this nation would be awakened to cry mightily unto God, 
for the fetting up of a new tabernacle to Chrifl in Scotland. Oh, 
if this kingdom knew how worthy Chrifl: were of His room ! His 
worth was ever above man's eflimation of Him. 

And for myfelf I am pained at the heart, that I cannot find my- 
Idf difpofed to leave myfelf and go wholly into Chrifl. Alas, that 
there fhould be one bit of me out of Him, and that we leave too 
much liberty and latitude for ourfelves, and our own eafe, and 
credit, and pleafures, and fo little room for all-love-worthy Chrift ! 
Oh, what pains and charges it cofleth Chrifl ere He get us ! and 
when all is done, we are not worth the having. It is a wonder 
that He fhould feek the like of us. But love overlooketh blacknefs 
and fecklefTnefs -, * for if it had not been fo, Chrifl would never 
have made fo fair and blefTed a bargain with us as the covenant of 
grace is. I find that in all our fufFerings Chrift is but redding 
marches, f that every one of us may lay, " Mine, and thine ;" and 

* Worthlefs, iifelcflhefs. f Settling the boundaries. 

1637.] LETTER CLVIIL 363 

that men may know by their crofles, how weak a bottom nature is 
to ftand upon in trial ; that the end which our Lord intendeth, in 
all our fufPerings, is to bring grace into court* and requeft, amongfl 
us. I fhould fuccumb and come fhort of heaven, if I had no more 
than my own ftrength to fupport me ; and if Chrift (hould say to 
me, " Either do or die," it were eafy to determine what fhould 
become of me. The choice were eafy, for I behoved to die if 
Chrirt fhould pafs by with ftraitened bowels ; and who then 
would take us up in our ftraits .? I know we may fay that Chrifl 
is kindeft in His love, when we are at our weakeft -, and that if 
Chrift had not been to the fore,f in our fad days, the waters had 
gone over our foul. His mercy hath a fet period, and appointed 
place, how far and no farther the fea of affliction fhall flow, and 
where the waves thereof fhall be flayed. He prefcribeth how 
much pain and forrow, both for weight and meafure, we mufl 
have. Ye have, then, good caufe to recall your love from all lovers, 
and give it to Chrifl. He who is afflifted in all your afHi(Slions, 
looketh not on you in your fad hours with an infenfible heart or 
dry eyes. 

All the Lord's faints may fee that it is lofl love which is be- 
llowed upon this perifhing world. Death and judgment will make 
men lament that ever their mifcarrying hearts carried them to lay 
and lavifh out their love upon falfe appearances and night-dreams. 
Alas ! that Chrifl fhould fare the worfe, becaufe of His own good- 
nefs in making peace and the Gofpel to ride together ; and that we 
have never yet weighed the worth of Chrift in His ordinances, and 
that we are like to be deprived of the well, ere we have tafted the 
fweetnefs of the water. It may be that with watery eyes, and a 
wet face, and wearied feet, we feek Chrifl:, and fliall not find Him. 
Oh, that this land were humbled in time, and by prayers, cries, 
and humiliation, would bring Chrifl in at the Church-door again, 
now when His back is turned toward us, and He is gone to the 
threfhhold, and His one foot, as it were, is out of the door ! I am 

Into favour. f If Chrift had not been exifting ftill. 

364 LETTER CLIX. [1637, 

fure that His departure is our deferving ; we have bought it with 
our iniquities ; for even the Lord's own children are fallen aileep, 
and, alas ! profeflbrs are made all of fhows and fafhions, and are 
not at pains to recover themfelves again. Every one hath his fet 
meafure of faith and holinefs, and contenteth himfelf with but a 
ftinted meafure of godlinefs, as if that were enough to bring him to 
heaven. We forget that as our gifts and light grow, fo God's gain 
and the intereft of His talents, fhould grow alfo ; and that we can- 
not pay God with the old ufe and wont (as we ufe to fpeak) which 
we gave Him feven years ago ; for this were to mock the Lord, 
and to make price with Him as we lift. Oh, what difficulty is there 
in our Chriftian journey, and how often come we ftiort of many 
thoufand things that are Chrift's due ! and we confider not, how 
far our dear Lord is behind with us. 

Miftrefs, I cannot render you thanks, as I would, for your 
kindnefs to my brother, an oppreffed ftranger ; but I remember 
you unto the Lord as I am able. I entreat you to think upon me, 
His prifoner, and pray that the Lord would be pleafed to give me 
room to fpeak to His people in His name. 

Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours in his fweet Lord and Mafter, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

CLIX. — To John Fleming, Bailie of Leith. 


LORD, — Grace, mercy, and peace be unto you. I 
received your letter. I wi(h that I could fatisfy your 

defire in drawing up, and framing for you, a Chriftian directory. 

But the learned have done it before me, more judicioufly than I can ; 

1637.] LETTER CLIX, 365 

efpeciallyMr Rogers,* Greenham,-|- and Perkins. J Notwithftand- 
ing, I fhall fhow you what I would have been at myfelf ; howbeit 
I came always fhort of my purpofe. 

1. That hours of the day, lefs or more time, for the word and 
prayer, be ^ven to God, not fparing the twelfth hour, or mid-day, 
howbeit it fhould then be the ihorter time. 

2. In the midfl of worldly employments, there fhould be fome 
thoughts of fm, death, judgment, and eternity, with at leaft a word 
or two of ejaculatory prayer to God. 

3. To beware of wandering of heart in private prayers. 

4. Not to grudge, howbeit ye come from prayer without fenfe of 
joy. Down-cafting, fenfe of guiltinefs, and hunger, are often beft for us. 

5. That the Lord's-day, from morning to night, be fpent always 
either in private or public worfhip. 

6. That words be obferved, wandering and idle thoughts be 
avoided, fudden anger and defire of revenge, even of fuch as perfe- 
cute the truth, be guarded againft ; for we often mix our zeal with 
our wild-fire. 

* Dr Daniel Rogers, a Puritan divine, author of a treatife called ^^ David's 
Coft ; or, What it will coft to ferve God aright ; " ^^ A Practical Catechifm ;" 
^* Naaman the Syrian," and others. He was bom in 1573, educated at Cam- 
bridge, fuffered from the perfecution of Laud, and died in 1652, at the age of 
eighty. He was a man of great talents, deep humility and devotion, but of a 
temper fo bold that a friend faid of him, ^^ He had grace enough for t<wo men, 
but not enough for himfelf." 

t Richard Greenham, a Puritan, who was bom in 153 1, and died of the 
plague 1 5 9 1 . He was the author of feveral fermons and praftical treatifes. (See 
Brooke's Li-ves of the Puritans y vol. ii., pp. 448.) 

% Dr Wm. Perkins, an Englifh divine, who lived in the end of the fixteenth 
century, and was the author of feveral pra<5tical and dodrinal treatifes; among 
others, the one here referred to, ^^ A Cafe of Confcience, and Thirteen Princi- 
ples of Religion," publifhed after his death. He was a ftridl Calvinifl, and 
took part in the controverfy againft Arminianifm. He ufed fo to apply the 
terrors of the law to the confcience, that oftentimes his hearers fell down before 
him. It was alfo faid that he pronounced the word ** Damnation'' with fuch 
an emphafis and pathos as left a doleful echo in the ear long after. He wrote 
on all his books, ^ ^ Thou art a minifter of the ^^^ord : mind thy bufinefs." 

366 LETTER CLIX. [1637. 

7. That known, difcovered, and revealed fins, that are againft 
the confcience, be efchewed, as moft dangerous preparatives to 
hardnefs of heart. 

8. That in dealing with men, faith and truth in covenants and 
trafficking be regarded, that we deal with all men in fmcerity ; 
that confcience be made of idle and lying words ; and that our car- 
riage be fuch, as that they who fee it may fpeak honourably of our 
fweet Mafter and profeffion. 

9. I have been much challenged,* I. For not referring all to 
God as the laft end ; that I do not eat, drink, deep, journey, fpeak, 
and think for God. 2. That I have not benefited by good com- 
pany ; and that I left not fome word of conviftion, even upon natu- 
ral and wicked men, as by reproving fwearing in them ; or becaufe 
of being a filent witnefs to their loofe carriage ; and becaufe I in- 
tended not in all companies to do good. 3. That the woes and 
calamities of the ICirk, and of particular profefTors, have not moved 
me. 4. That at the reading of the life of David, Paul, and the like, 
when it humbled me, I (coming fo far fhort of their holinefs) 
laboured not to imitate them, afar off at leajft, according to the 
meafure of God's grace. 5. That unrepented fms of youth were 
not looked to, and lamented for. 6. That fudden flirrings of pride, 
luft, revenge, love of honours, were not refifted and mourned for. 
7. That my charity was cold. 8. That the experiences I had of God's 
hearing me, in this and the other particular, being gathered, yet in a 
new trouble I had always (once at leafl) my faith to feek, as if I were 
to begin at A, B, C, again. 9. That I have not more boldly contra- 
dicSled the enemies fpeaking againfl the truth, either in public church 
meetings, or at tables, or ordinary conference. lo. That in great 
troubles I have received falfe reports of Chrifl's love, and misbelieved 
Him in His chaflening ; whereas the event hath faid, " All was ifi 
mercy-," 1 1. Nothing more moveth me, and weightethf my foul, 

* Rebuked. 

t Weighed down with fadnefs. *^ Death did not weight the martyrs when 
it was laid on them," occurs in one of his fermons. 

1637.] LETTER CLIX. 367 

than that I could never from* my heart, in my profperity, fo wreftle 
in prayer with God, nor be fo dead to the world, fo hungry and fick 
of love for Chrifl:, fo heavenly-minded, as when ten ftone-weight of 
a heavy crofs was upon me. 12. That the crofs extorted vows of 
new obedience, which eafe hath blown away, as chaff before the 
wind. 13. That praftice was fo fhort and narrow, and light fo long 
and broad. 14. That death hath not been often meditated upon. 
I v That I have not been careful of gaining others to Chrift. 
16. That my grace and gifts bring forth little or no thankfulnefs. 

There are fome things, alfo, whereby I have been helped : as, 
I. I have been benefited by riding alone a long journey, in giving 
that time to prayer. 2. By abftinence, and giving days to God. 3. 
By praying for others ; for by making an errand to God for them, 
I have gotten fomething for myfelf. 4. I have been really con- 
firmed, in many particulars, that God heareth prayers ; and, there- 
fore, I ufed to pray for anything, of how little importance foever. 
5. He enabled me to make no queAion, that this mocked way, 
which is nicknamed, is the only way to heaven. 

Sir, thefe and many more occurrences in your life, fhould be 
looked unto; and, I. Thoughts of Atheifm fhould be watched 
over, as, " If there be a God in heaven ?" which will trouble and 
afTault the befl, at fome times. 2. Growth in grace fhould be cared 
for above all things ; and falling from our firft love mourned for. 
3. Confcience made of praying for the enemies, who are blinded. 

Sir, I thank you mofl kindly for the care of my brother, and of 
me alfo. I hope it is laid up for you, and remembered in heaven. 

I am {till afhamed with Chrift's kindnefs to fuch a fmner as I 
am. He hath left a fire in my heart, that hell cannot cafl water on, 
to quench or extinguifh it. Help me to praife, and pray for me , 
for ye have a prifoner's blefTmg and prayers. 

Remember my love to your wife. Grace be with you. Yours 
in Chrift Jefus, 

Aberdeen, March 15, 1637. S. R. 

* Should probably be ^^from;' though it is *^ for," in other editions. 

368 LETTER CLX. [1637. 

CLX. — To Alexander Gordon of Earljloti, 




mercy, and peace be unto you. — I long to hear from 
you. I have received few letters fmce I came hither ; 
I am in need of a word. A dry plant fhould have fome watering. 
My cafe betwixt Chrifi: my Lord, and me, ftandeth between 
love and jealoufy, faith and fufpicion of His love ; it is a marvel He 
keepeth houfe with me. I make many pleas* with Chrift, but He 
maketh as many agreements with me. I think His unchangeable 
love hath faid, *' I defy thee to break Me and change Me." If 
Chrift had fuch changeable and new thoughts of my falvation as I 
have of it, I think I fhould then be at a fad lofs. He humoureth 
not a fool like me in my unbelief, but rebuketh me, and fathereth 
kindnefs upon me. Chrift is more like the poor friend and needy 
prifoner begging love, than I am. I cannot, for fhame, get Chriil 
faid " nay" of my whole love, for He will not want His errand for 
the feeking. God be thanked that my Bridegroom tireth not of 
wooing. Honour to Him ! He is a wilful fuitor of my foul. 
But as love is His, pain is mine, that I have nothing to give Him. 
His account-book is full of my debts of mercy, kindnefs, and free 
love towards me. Oh that I might read with watery eyes ! Oh 
that He would give me the interefl of intereft to pay back ! Or 
rather, my foul's defire is, that He would comprifef my perfon, foul 
and body, love, joy, confidence, fear, forrow, and defire, and drivej 
the poind, and let me be rouped,§ and fold to Chrifi, and taken 
home to my creditor's houfe and firefide. 

* Quarrels. t Arreft by a civil procefs, by writ. 

JDriveaway the cattlethathas been feized, is the primary meaning of the term. 
§ Set up by public auction to fale. 

1637.] LETTER CLX. 369 

The Lord knoweth that, if I could, I would fell mylelf without 
reverfion to Chrifl:. O fweet Lord Jefus, make a market, and 
overbid all my buyers ! I dare fwear, that there is a myftery in 
Chrift which I never faw •, a myflery of love. Oh,, if He would 
lay by* the lap of the covering that is over it, and let my greeningf 
foul fee it ! I would break the door, and be in upon Him, to get 
a wombful of love ; for I am an hungered and famiflied foul. O, 
fir, if you, or any other, would tell Him how fick my foul is, dying 
for want of a hearty draught of Chrifl's love ! Oh, if I could dote 
(if I may make ufe of that word in this cafe) as much upon Himfelf 
as I do upon His love ! It is a pity that Chrift Himfelf fhould not 
rather be my heart's choice, than Chrifl's manifefled love. It would 
fatisfy me, in fome meafure, if I had any bud \ to give for His love. 
Shall I offer Him my praifes ? Alas ! He is more than praifes. I 
give it over to get Him exalted according to His worth, which is 
above what can be known. 

Yet all this time I am tempting Him, to fee if § there be both love 
and anger in Him againft me. I am plucked from His flock (dear 
to me !), and from feeding His lambs ; I go, therefore, in fackcloth, 
as one who hath loft the wife of His youth. Grief and forrow are 
fuspicious, and fpew out againft Him the fmoke of jealoufies ; and 
I fay often, " Show me wherefore Thou contendeft with me. Tell 
me, O Lord : read the procefs againft me." But I know that I 
cannot anfwer His allegations -, I ftiall lofe the caufe when it cometh 
to open pleading. Oh, if I could force my heart to believe dreams 
to be dreams ! Yet when Chrift giveth my fears the lie, and faith 
to me, " Thou art a liar," then I am glad. I refolve to hope to be 
quiet, and to lie on the brink on my fide, till the water fall and the 
ford be ridable. || And, howbeit there be pain upon me, in lon^ng 
for deliverance that I may fpeak of Him in the great congregation, 
yet I think there is joy in that pain and on-waiting ; and I even re- 
joice that He putteth me off for a time, and fhifteth me. Oh, if I 

* Put afide. \ Eameftly longing. % Bribe. 

§ As if I wifhed to find out. || Can be crofled on horfeback 

VOL. I. A A 

370 LETTER CLX, [1637. 

could wait on for all eternity, howbeit I fhould never get my foul's 
defire, fo being He were glorified ! I would wilh my pain and my 
miniflry could live long to ferve Him ; for I know that I am a clay 
veflel, and made for His ufe. Oh, if my very broken fherds could 
ferve to glorify Him ! I defire Chrifl's grace to be willingly content, 
that my hell (excepting His hatred and difpleafure, which I put out 
of all play, for fubmiflion to this is not called for) were a preaching 
of His glory to men and angels for ever and ever ! When all is 
done, what can I add to Him ? or what can fuch a clay-fhadow as 
I do ? I know that He needeth not me. I have caufe to be grieved, 
and to melt away in tears, if I had grace to do it (Lord, grant it to 
me !), to fee my Well-beloved's fair face fpitted upon by dogs, to 
fee loons * pulling the crown off my royal King's head ; to fee 
my harlot-mother and my fweet Father agree fo ill, that they are 
going to fkailf and give up houle. My Lord's palace is now a neft 
of unclean birds. Oh, if harlot, harlot Scotland, would ruej upon 
her provoked Lord, and pity her good Husband, who is broken 
with her whorifh heart ! But thefe things are hid from her eyes. 

I have heard of late of your new trial by the Bifliop of Gallo- 
way. § Fear not clay, worms' meat. Let truth and Chrifl get no 
wrong in your hand. It is your gain if Chrifl be glorified ; and 
your glory to be Chrifl's witnefs. I perfuade you, that your fufFer- 
ings are Chrifl's advantage and victory ; for He is pleafed to reckon 
them fo. Let me hear from you. Chrift is but winning a clean 
kirk out of the fire -, He will win this play. He will not be in your 
common || for any charges ye are at in His fervice. He is not poor. 

* Worthlefs fcoundrels. f To part ; break up and difperfe. % Repent. 

§ The Bifhop of Galloway held this year a High Commiffion Court in 
Galloway, in which, befides fining fome gentlemen, and confining the magis- 
trates of Kirkcudbright to Wigtown, for matters of nonconformity, he fined 
Gordon of Earlfton for his abfence, five hundred merks (about L.a8), and fen- 
tenced him to be confined to Montrofe. {Baillies Letters and Journals^ This, 
no doubt, is the *^ new trial by the Bifhop of Galloway," to which Ruther- 
ford refers. See notice of Alexander Gordon of Earlfton, Let. 59. 

II Under obligation to. 

1637.] LETTER CLXI. 371 

to fit in your debt ; He will repay an hundred-fold more, it may be, 
even in this life. 

The prayers and bleffings of Ghrift's prifoner be with you. 
Your brother, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

Aberdeen, 1637. ^' I^* 

CLXI. — To John Stuart, Provoft of Ayr. 

[John Stuart, Provoft of Ayr, is defcribed by Livingftone as ^' a godly 
and zealous Chriftian of a long ftanding," for he had, from his earlieft years, 
been imprefled with a fenfe of religion. Inheriting, after the death of his 
father, confiderable property, he largely applied it to benevolent purpofes. 
Such was his difintereftednefs and love to thofe who were the friends of Chrift 
and His truth, that he called a number of them whofe diftrefled and ftraitened 
condition he knew, to meet with him in Edinburgh, and after fome time fpent 
in prayer, told them he had brought a little money to lend to each of them, 
which they were not to offer to pay back till he required it, at the fame time 
requiring them to promife not to make this known during his life. Not long 
after (the plague raging with feverity in Ayr, and trade becoming, in confe- 
quence, much depreffed) he himfelf fell into pecuniary difficulties, which made 
him at that time remove from the country. Borrowing a little money, he went 
over to France, and coming to Rochelle, loaded a fhip with fait and other 
commodities, which he purchafed upon credit at a very cheap rate, there 
having been little or no trading there for a long time. He then returned the 
neareft way to England, and thence to Ayr, in expectation of the fhip's re- 
turn. After waiting long he was informed that it was taken by the Turks, 
which, confidering the lofs which others in that cafe would fuftain, much 
afflid:ed him. But it at laft arrived in the road ; and it was on this occafion 
that his friend John Kennedy, going out to the vefTel in a fmall boat, was 
driven away by a ftorm. (See notice of Kennedy, Letter 75.) Stuart having 
fold the commodities which he brought from France, not only was enabled by 
the profits to pay all his debts, but cleared twenty thoufand merks. {Flemings 
Fulfilling of the Scriptures^ He joined with Mr Blair, Mr Livingftone, and 
others, in their intended emigration to New England ; but they were forced, 
from the tempeftuous ftate of the weather, to return. This good man was 
much afflidled on his death-bed. One day he faid, ^^ I teftifv^, that except 
when I flept, or was in bufinefs, I was not thefe ten years without thoughts 
of God, fo long as I would be in going from my own houfe to the crofs ; and 
yet I doubt myfelf, and am in great agony, yea, at the brink of defpair." 
But a day or two before he died, all his doubts were difpelled ; and to Mr 
Fergufon, the pious minifter of Ayr, he faid, referring to his ftruggle with 

372 LETTER CLXL [1637. 

temptations at that time, ^^ I Tiave been fighting and working out my falva- 
tion with fear and trembling, and now I blefs God it is perfected, fealed, con- 
firmed, and all fears are gone."] 



UCH HONOURED SIR,— Grace, mercy, and peace 
be unto you. I long to hear from you, being now 
removed from my flock, and the prifoner of Chrift at 
Aberdeen. I would not have you to think it ftrange that your 
journey to New England hath gotten fuch a dalh.* It indeed hath 
made my heart heavy ; yet I know it is no dumb providence, but a 
fpeaking one, whereby our Lord fpeaketh His mind to you, though 
for the prefent ye do not well underfl:and what He faith. However it 
be. He who fltteth upon the floods hath fliown you His marvellous 
kindnefs in the great depths. I know that your lofs is great, and 
your hope is gone far againfl: you ; but I entreat you, fir, expound 
aright our Lord's laying all hindrances in the way. I perfuade my- 
felf that your heart aimeth at the footfleps of the flock, to feed 
befide the fhepherds' tents, and to dwell befide Him whom your 
foul loveth ; and that it is your defire to remain in the wildernefs, 
where the Woman is kept from the Dragon, And this being your 
defire, remember that a poor prifoner of Chrifl faid it to you, that 
that mifcarried journey is with child to you of mercy and confola- 
tion ; and fhall bring forth a fair birth, on which the Lord will 
attend. Wait on ; "He that believeth maketh not hafl:e."f 

I hope that ye have been aflcing what the Lord meaneth, and 
what further may be His will, in reference to your return. My 
dear brother, let God make of you what He will. He will end all 
with confolation, and will make glory out of your fuflerings ; and 
would you wifh better work ? This water was in your way to 
heaven, and written in your Lord's book ; ye behoved to crofs it, 
and, therefore, kifs His wife and unerring providence. Let not the 
cenfures of men, who fee but the outfide of things, and fcarce well 

* See note at Let. 63. f I fa. xxviii. 16. 

1637.] LETTER CLXL 373 

that, abate your courage and rejoicing in the Lord. Howbeit your 
faith feeth but the black fide of providence ; yet it hath a better 
fide, and God will let you fee it. Learn to believe Chrift better 
than His ftrokes, Himfelf and His promifes better than His glooms.* 
Dafhes and difappointments are not canonical Scripture ; fighting 
for the promifed land feemed to cry to God's promife, "Thou 
liefl." If our Lord ride upon a ftraw, His horfe fhall neither 
flumble nor fall. " For we know that all things work together for 
good to them that love God ;"f ergo, ihipwreck, loffes, &:c., work 
together for the good of them that love God. Hence I infer, that 
loffes, difappointments, ill-tongues, lofs of friends, houfes, or country, 
are God's workmen, fet on work to work out good to you, out of 
everything that befalleth you. Let not the Lord's dealing feem 
harfh, rough, or unfatherly, becaule it is unpleafant. When the 
Lord's bleffed will bloweth acrofs your defires, it is beft, in humility, 
to ilrike fail to Him, and to be willing to be led any way our Lord 
pleafeth. It is a point of denial of yourfelf, to be as if ye had not 
a will, but had made a free difpofition of it to God, and had fold it 
over to Him ; and to make ufe of His will for your own is both 
true holinefs, and your eafe and peace. Ye know not what the 
Lord is working out of this, but ye fhall know it hereafter. 

And what I write to you, I write to your wife. I compaffion- 
ate her cafe, but entreat her not to fear nor faint. This journey is 
a part of her wildernefs to heaven and the promifed land, and there 
are fewer miles behind. It is nearer the dawning of the day to 
her than when fhe went out of Scotland. I fhould be glad to hear 
that ye and fhe have comfort and courage in the Lord. 

Now, as concerning our Kirk ; our Service-book is ordained, 
by open proclamation and found of trumpet, to be read in all the 
kirks of the kingdom.:): Our prelates are to meet this month about 

* Frowns. f Rom. viii. 28. 

X The Service-book, or Liturgy, at this time impofed upon Scotland, was 
jufl that of England, but containing numerous alterations. The Ad of Privy 
Council, enjoining the ufe of the Service-book, is dated 20th December 1636 ; 
and it was next day proclaimed at the crofs of Edinburgh : but it was not 

374 LETTER CLXL [1637. 

our Canons,* and for a reconciliation betwixt us and the Lutherans. 
The ProfefTors of Aberdeen Univerfity are charged to draw up the 
Articles of an uniform ConfeiTion ; but reconciliation with Popery 
is intended. This is the day of Jacob's vifitation ; the ways of 
Zion mourn, our gold is become dim, the fun is gone down upon 
our prophets. A dry wind, but neither to fan nor to cleanfe, is 
coming upon this land ; and all our ill is coming from the multi- 
plied tranfgreffions of this land, and from the friends and lovers of 
Babel among us. " The violence done to me and to my flefh be 
upon thee, Babylon, fhall the inhabitant of Zion fay ; and. My 
blood upon the inhabitants of Chaldea, fhall Jerufalem fay."f 

publifhed till towards the end of May 1637. Its title is, ^^TheBookeof 
Common Prayer and Adminiftration of the Sacraments and other parts of 
Divine Service, for the use of the Church of Scotland. Edinburgh, 1637." 
This book was extremely obnoxious to the great body of the minifters and 
people of Scotland, both from the manner of its introduction, which was by 
the fole authority of the King, without the Church having been even confulted 
in the matter, and from the dod:rines which it contained, in which it ap- 
proached nearer to the Roman mififal than the Englifh liturgy. It was drawn 
up by James AVedderbum, Bifhop of Dunblane, and John Maxwell, Bifhop 
of Rofs, wnth the afliftance of Sydferff, Bifhop of Galloway, and Ballenden, 
Bifhop of Aberdeen. It was revifed by Archbifhop Laud, and Wren, 
Bifhop of Norwich. Kirkton mentions that he faw the original copy cor- 
reded by Laud's own hands, and that all his corredions approached towards 
Popery and the Roman miflal. {Kirkton s Hi/iory^ p. 30.) 

* The Book of Canons was, in obedience to the King's orders, drawn up 
b/ four of the Scottifh bifhops, — Sydferff of Galloway, Maxwell of Rofs, 
Billenden of Aberdeen, and Whiteford of Dunblane. After being fubmitted 
to Archbifhop Laud and two other Englifh prelates for revifal, it received 
the Royal fandion, and became law in 1635. This book, like the Service- 
book which followed it, was extremely unpopular in Scotland, becaufe it was 
impofed folely by Royal authority, and fi-om the nature of the canons them- 
felves, which prefcribed a variety of ceremonial and fuperftitious rites in the 
obfervance of baptifm and the Lord's Supper ; invefted bifhops with uncon- 
trollable power ; inculcated the dodrine of the King's fupremacy in matters 
ecclefiaftical as well as civil, — affirming that no meeting of General AfTembly 
could be held un'efs called by the King's authority ; and introduced other in- 
novations equally arbitrary and obnoxious. 

t Jer. li. :.s 

1637.] LETTER CLXL 375 

Now for myielf : I was three days before the High Commiflion, 
and accufed of treafon preached againft our ICing. (A minifler 
being witnefs, went well nigh to fwear it.) God hath faved me 
from their malice, ifl. They have deprived me of my miniftry ; 
2dly, Silenced me, that I exercife no part of the miniflerial function 
within this kingdom, under the pain of rebellion ; '^dly, Confined 
my perfon within the town of Aberdeen, where I find the minifters 
working for my confinement in Caithnefs or Orkney, far from them, 
becaufe fome people here (willing to be edified) refort to me. At 
my firfl entry, I had heavy challenges* within me, and a court 
fencedf (but I hope not in Chrifl's name), wherein it was afierted 
that my Lord would have no more of my fervices, and was tired of 
me ; and, like a fool, I fummoned Chrift alfo for unkindnefs. My 
foul fainted, and I refufed comfort, and faid, " What ailed Chrift at 
me ^ for I defired to be faithful in His houfe." Thus, in my rov- 
ings;]: and mifi:akings, my Lord Jefus beflowed mercy on me, who 
am lefs than the leafi of all faints. I lay upon the dufl, and bought 
a plea from Satan againft Chrift, and He was content to fell it. But 
at length Chrift did fhow Himfelf friends with me, and in mercy 
pardoned and pafled my part of it, and only complained that a court 
fhould be holden in His bounds without His allowance. Now I 
pafs from my compearance ; § and, as if Chrift had done the fault, 
He hath made the mends, || and returned to my foul ; fo that now 
His poor prifoner feedeth on the feafts of love. My adverfaries 
know not what a courtier I am now with my Royal King, for whofe 
crown I now fufFer. It is but our foft and lazy flefh that hath 
raifed an ill report of the crofs of Chrift. O fweet, fweet is His 
yoke ! Chrifl's chains are of pure gold ; fufferings for Him are 
perfumed. I would not ^ve my weeping for the laughing of all 
the fourteen prelates ; f I would not exchange my fadnefs with 
the world's joy. O lovely, lovely Jefus, how fweet mufi: thy kifies 

* Upbraidings. f Conftituted. % Wanderings, like one out ofhis mind. 

§ Appearing in court in obedience to legal citation. 

II Made up for the wrong. 

^ Fourteen was the number of bilhops in Scotland. 

37^ LETTER CLXIL [1637. 

be, when thy crofs fmelleth fo fweetly ! Oh, if all the three king- 
doms had part of my love-feaft, and of the comfort of a dawted* 
prifoner ! 

Dear Brother, I charge you to praife for me, and to feek help 
of our acquaintance there to help me to praife. Why fhould I 
fmother Chrifl's honefly to me ? My heart is taken up with this, 
that my filence and fufPerings may preach. I befeech you in the 
bowels of Chrifl, to help me to praife. Remember my love to 
your wife, to Mr Blair, and Mr Livingftone, and Mr Cunningham. 
Let me hear from you, for I am anxious what to do. If I faw a 
call for New England, I would follow it. Grace be with you. 
Yours in our Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

CLXIL — To John Stuart, Provoji of Ayr. 




— Grace, mercy, and peace from God our Father, and 
from our Lord Jefus Chrift, be upon you. 
I expected the comfort of a letter to a prifoner from you, ere 
now. I am here, Sir, putting offf a part of my inch of time ; and 
when I awake firft in the morning (which is always with great 
heavinefs and fadnefs), this queftion is brought to my mind, " Am 
I ferving God or not ? " Not that I doubt of the truth of this 
honourable caufe wherein I am engaged ; I dare venture into 
eternity, and before my Judge, that I now fufFer for the truth : be- 
caufe that I cannot endure that my Mafter, who is a freeborn ICing, 
fhould pay tribute to any of the Ihields or potfherds of the earth. 
Oh that I could hold the crown upon my princely King's head with 

* Fondled. t Spending. 

1637.] LETTER CLXIL 377 

my finful arm, howbeit it ihould be ft ruck from me in that fervice, 
from the fhoulder-blade. But my clofed mouth, my dumb Sab- 
baths, the memory of my communion with Chrift, in many fair, fair 
days in Anwoth, whereas now my Mafter getteth no fervice of my 
tongue as then, hath almoft broken my faith in two halves. Yet 
in my deepeft apprehenfions of His anger, I fee through a cloud 
that I am wrong ; and He, in love to my foul, hath taken up the 
controverfy betwixt faith and apprehenfions, and a decreet* ispafTed 
on Chrifl's fide of it, and I fubfcribe the decreet.* The Lord is 
equal in His ways, but my guiltinefs often overmaftereth my be- 
lieving. I have not been well known : for except as to open out- 
breakings, I want nothing of what Judas and Cain had ; only He 
hath been pleafed to prevent me in mercy, and to caft me into a 
fever of love for Himfelf, and His abfence maketh my fever moll 
painful. And befide. He hath vifited my foul and watered it with 
His comforts. But yet I have not what I would. The want of 
real and felt polTeflion is my only death. I know that Chrill pitieth 
me. in this. 

The great men, my friends, that didf for me, are dried up like 
winter-brooks of water. All fay, " No dealing for that man j his 
beft will be to be gone out of the kingdom." So I fee they tire of 
me. But, believe me, I am mofl gladly content that Chrift breaketh 
all my idols in pieces. It hath put a new edge upon my blunted lov.e 
to Chrift ; I fee that He is jealous of my love, and will have all to 
Himfelf. In a word, thefe fix things are my burden : I. I am not 
in the vineyard as others are ; it may be, becaufe Chrift thinketh me 
a withered tree, not worth its room. But God forbid ! 2. Woe, 
woe, woe is coming upon my harlot-mother, this apoflate Kirk ! 
The time is coming when we fhall wifh for doves' wings to flee and 
hide us. Oh, for the defolation of this land ! 3. I fee my dear 
Mailer Chrift going His lone| (as it were), mourning in iackcloth. 
His fainting friends fear that ICing Jefus fhall lofe the field. But 

* A lenience of the Court. f Aded for me. 

X Going lonely, by himfelf; Ps. cii. 7. 

378 LE1TER CLXIIL [1637. 

He mull: carry the day. 4. My guiltinefs and the fins of youth are 
come up againfl me, and they would come into the plea in my 
fuiferings, as deferving caufes in God's juftice ; but I pray God, for 
Chrift's fake, that He may never give them that room. 5. Woe is 
me, that I cannot get my royal, dreadful, mighty, and glorious 
Prince of the kings of the earth fet on high. Sir, ye may help me 
and pity me in this ; and bow your knee, and blefs His name, and 
defire others to do it, that He hath been pleafed, in my fufferings, to 
make Atheifts, Papifts, and enemies about me fay, " It is like that 
God is with this prifoner." Let hell and the powers of hell (I care 
not) be let loofe againfl me to do their worfl, fo being that Chriil, 
and my Father, and His Father, be magnified in my fufferings. 
6. Ch rift's love hath pained me : for howbeit His prefence hath 
fhamed me, and drowned me in debt, yet He often goeth away 
when my love to Him is burning. He feemeth to look like a proud 
wooer, who will not look upon a poor match that is dying of love. 
I will not fay He is lordly. But I know He is wife in hiding Him- 
self from a child and a fool, who maketh an idol and a god of one 
of Chrift's kiifes, which is idolatry. I fear that I adore His com- 
forts more than Himfelf, and that I love the apples of life better 
than the tree of life. 

Sir, write to me. Commend me to your wife. Mercy be her 
portion. Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his deareft Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

CLXIIL — To John Stuart, Provojl of Ayr. 



LORD, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I was 
refrefhed and comforted with your letter. What I 
wrote to you, for your comfort, I do not remember ; but I believe 

1637.] LETTER CLXIIL 379 

that love will prophefy homeward,* as it would have it. I wifh that 
I could help you to praife His great and holy name who keepeth 
the feet of His faints, and hath numbered all your goings. I know 
that our deareft Lord will pardon and pafs by our honefl errors and 
miAakes, when we mind His honour ; yet I know that none of you 
have feen the other half, and the hidden fide, of your wonderful re- 
turn home to us again. I am confident ye (hall yet fay, that God's 
mercy blew your fails back to Ireland again. f 

Worthy and dear Sir, I cannot but give you an account of my 
prefent eftate, that ye may go an errand for me to my high and 
royal Mafler, of whom I boafl all the day. I am as proud of His 
love (nay, I blefs myfelf, and boafl more of my prefent lot) as any 
poor man can be of an earthly king's court, or of a kingdom. Firji, 
I am very often turning both the fides of my crofs, efpecially my 
dumb and filent Sabbaths ; not becaufe I defire to find a crook or 
defeft in my Lord's love, but becaufe my love is fick with fancies 
and fear. Whether or not the Lord hath a procefs leading againfl 
my guiltinefs, that I have not yet well feen, I know not. My de- 
fire is to ride fair, and not to fparkj dirt (if, with reverence to Him, 
I may be permitted to make ufe of fuch a word) in the face of my 
only, only Well-beloved -, but fear of guiltinefs is a talebearer be- 

* In its own favour. 

t Some of those who had embarked in that voyage had important work to 
perform in Scotland. The minifters, after their return coming over to this 
country, were settled in various parifhes; Meflrs Blair at Ayr, Livingftone 
at Stranraer, McClelland at Kirkcudbright, and Hamilton at Dumfries. 
They were zealous promoters of the fubfcribing of the National Covenant, 
and of other meafures by which the triumph of the Prelhyterian Church in 
Scotland was ultimately fecured; and all of them were chofen members of the 
celebrated Aflembly held at Glafgow in 1638, in the proceedings of which 
they took a prominent part. Speaking of their return. Row of Ceres fays, 
* c Neither the prelates and conformifts, nor they themfelves, knew that within 
a year the Lord would not only root out the prelates in Scotland, and, after 
that, out of England and Ireland, but make fome of them, efpecially Meflrs 
Blair, Livingftone, and McClelland, to be very inftrumental in the work of 
reformation." — Life of Robert Blair (\\'odrow Society). 

X Caufe fparks ot dirt to be fquiited. 

38o LETTER CLXIII. [1637. 

twLxt me and Chrift, and is ftill whifpering ill tales of my Lord, to 
weaken my faith. I had rather that a cloud went over my comforts 
by thefe mefTages, than that my faith fhould be hurt ; for, if my 
Lord get no wrong by me, verily I defire grace not to care what 
become of me. I defire to give no faith nor credit to my forrow, 
that can make a lie of my beft friend Chrift. Woe, woe be to them 
all who fpeak ill of Chrill ! Hence thefe thoughts awake with me 
in the morning, and go to bed with me. Oh, what fervice can a 
dumb body do in Chrift's houfe ! Oh, I think the word of God is 
imprifoned alfo ! Oh, I am a dry tree ! Alas, I can neither plant 
nor water ! Oh, if my Lord would make but dung of me, to fatten 
and make fertile His own corn-ridges in Mount Zion ! Oh, if I 
might but fpeak to three or four herdboys* of my worthy Mafler, I 
would be fatisfied to be the meanefl and moil obfcure of all the 
paftors in this land, and to live in any place, in any of Chrift's bafefl 
outhoufes ! But he faith, '' Sirrah, I will not fend you ; I have no 
errands for you thereaway." f My defire to ferve Him is fick of 
jealoufy, left He be unwilling to employ me. Secondly^ This is 
feconded by another ; Oh ! all that I have done in Anwoth, the 
fair work that my Mafler began there, is like a bird dying in the 
fhell ; and what will I then have to lliow of all my labour, in the 
day of my compearance J before Him, when the Mafter of the vine- 
yard calleth the labourers, and giveth them their hire ^. Thirdly, 
But truly, when Chrifl's fweet wind is in the right airth, § I repent, 
and I pray Chrift to take law-burrows |i of my quarrelousf unbeliev- 
ing fadnefs and forrow. Lord, rebuke them that put ill betwixt a 
poor fervant like me and his good Mafter. Then I fay, whether 
the black crofs will or not, I muft climb on hands and feet up to 
my Lord. I am now ruing from my heart that I pleafured the 
law (my old dead hu(band) fo far as to apprehend wrath in my 

* Boys, like David, keeping the fheep or cattle. f In thofe places. 

% Appearance, becaufe fummoned. § Quarter. 

II Pledge, fuch as the law demands from a man that he will not injure his 

^ Querulous, or quaiTelfomc rather. 

1 637-] LETTER CLXIIL 381 

Iweet Lord Jefus. I had far rather take a hire to plead for the 
grace of God, for I think myfelf Chrift's fworn debtor ; and the 
truth is (to fpeak of my Lord what I cannot deny), I am over head 
and ears, drowned in many obligations to His love and mercy. 

He handleth me fome time fo, that I am afhamed almoft to feek 
more for a four-hours,* but to live content (till the marriage-fupper 
of the Lamb) with that which He giveth. But I know not how 
greedy and how illf to pleafe love is. For either my Lord Jefus 
hath taught me ill manners, not to be content with a feat, except 
my head lie in His bofom, and except I be fed with the fatnefs of 
His houfe ; or elfe I am grown impatiently dainty, and ill to pleafe, 
as if Chrift were obliged, under this crofs, to do no other thing but 
bear me in His arms, and as if I had claim by merit for my fuffering 
for Him. But I wifh He would give me grace to learn to go on 
my own feet, and to learn to do without His comforts, and to give 
thanks and believe, when the fun is not in my firmament, and when 
my Well-beloved is from home, and gone another errand. Oh, 
what fweet peace have I, when I find that Chrifl holdeth and I 
draw ; when I climb up and He fhuteth J me down -, when I 
grip § Him and embrace Him, and He feemeth to loofe the grips § 
and flee away from me ! I think there is even a fweet joy of faith, 
and contentednefs, and peace, in His very tempting unkindnefs, 
becaufe my faith faith, " Chrifl is not in fad earneft with me, but 
trying if I can be kind to His mafk and cloud that covereth Him, as 
well as to His fair face." I blefs His great name that I love His 
vail which goeth over His face, whill || God fend better ; for faith 
can kifs God's tempting reproaches when He nicknameth a finner, 
" A dog, not worthy to eat bread with the bairns." f I think it 
an honour that Chrift mifcalleth** me, and reproacheth me. I will 
take that well of Him, howbeit I would not bear it well if another 
fliould be that homely ;ff but becaufe I am His own (God be 
thanked). He may ufe me as He pleafeth. I mufl fay, the faints 

* A night afternoon's meal. f Difficult. % Shoveth, pufheth. § Grafp. 
II Till. ^ Mark vii. 27,28. ** Gives me by-names. ff So familiar. 

38: LETTER CLXIIL [1637. 

have a fVe^: ''r^ rrr-— r :hr~ -.■:.i Q'r~S'. ~:.^,:- \- ~:: :~. '- r^- 
folace :: . t :-: rri ~ -'. ::i :^tZ\. .r^rr. Hr irzir::: :.z\ .^^ ::.z 
lilies, 11 i : -erh into His giriei. and maketh a feaft c£ hooey- 
cwnb. r r. irJi His wine and His milk, and crieth, " Eat, O 
friend ~ i:'r ^-rnk abimdzr-'-. O weU-bdored." Onehonr 

of thi- ^-; .:: . 1 fliipfiil :: : r Drld's drunken and muddy 

joy ; nay, even the gate* to hearen is the ftmny fide of the brae, 
and the very garden of the world. For the men oE this world have 
their own unchiiftened and pro^e cr- ": ■ - - i woe be to them and 
their cxiried crofles both ; for their iL :ed with God's renge^ 

ancDe, and oar ills feafeoed with oar Father's b.eiZiLg. So that they 
are no foc^ who choofe Chrift, and fell all things for Him. It is 
no bairns' market, nor a blind block ;f we know wdl what we get, 
and what we g^e. 

Now, for any refolation to go to any other kingdom, I dare not 

; : one word.f My hopes oE enlargement are cx^d, my hopes of 

re-fflitry to my Mafter's ill-drefled Tineyard again are far cdider. 

I hare no feat for my foith to fit on, bat bare oomipocency, and 

God's holv arm and good-will. Here I defire to flay, and ride at 

* This I'efT-.s to mem , ' * The very -R-^y { ^z ) to bearen is pjeaiant-'" 

t Birraiz. 

i At prei'ezt the proipects of the Church wer^ 10 dark, xhal Rutherford 
appeals fomftrmes to have enteitaiiied the idea ci lemoving to another oomitiy , 
Ihoiikl he farrpfd in o bUiuii^ his fibeity. In a p i wwling letter to Stimt, 
he names New Fngfan<l^ then an afyfaim for mnlritnHes who ireie porfecuted 
for ooniripnrp lake, as a place to which he would willingly go, pnnided he 
oould fee the call of Providence. And fome of his friends about this time 
woe defiroos that he mi^fat be hooooiably and ufefoDy en^loyed afannd. 
Robert: Bailfie, in a letter to Mr William Spang, mini lter at Campitae , dated 
Jannaiy 29, 1637, lays, ** AJwayes I take the man [Riitheffofif| to be among 
the moft learned and beft ingynes of oar nation. I think he were v^rie aUe for 
feme prafeffion in yoor ooQedges of Utreck, Gronii^, cr Rotteidame; for 
oar King's dooiiiuons, there is no app e aiau ce he wiD evq-gett fivii^ into them. 
If you coald qaietly procore him a caffing, I think it were a good fervice to 
GodtorAereoneof histroabledminillEis; a good to the pbce he came to, 
for he is both godfie and learned; yea, I think by time he might be ane orna- 
ment to our nafri nnp-" — BailEts Letters amd Jomrmals, vdL L, p. 9. 

i637-] LETTER CLXIV. 383 

anchor, and winter, whill* God fend fair weather again, and be 
pleafed to take home to His houfe my harlot-mother. Oh, if her 
hulband would be thatf kind, as to go and fetch her out of the 
brothel-houfe, and chafe her lovers to the hills ! But there will be 
fad days ere it come to that. Remember my bonds. Grace be 
with you. 

Yours, in our Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeex, 1637. 

CLXIV. — To NiNiAN Mure [fee Let. l^l~], one of the family of 


[We do not know more of Ninian Mure than that he was a parifhioner of 
Anwoth. The name " Mure" is found on feveral tombs in the old church- 
yard, of which the oldeft and moft interefting is the following, on the eaft fide 
of the enclofed pile : — 

^ ^ Walking with God in purity of life, 
In Chrift I died, and endit all my ft rife. 
For in my faul Chrift here did dwell by grace ; 
Now dwells my faul in glory of His face. 
Therefore my body fhall not here remain. 
But to full glory furely rife again." 

*^ Marion Mure^ good wife of Cullindock, 
Departed this life, anno 1612." 


OVING FRIEND, — I received your letter. I entreat 
you now, in the morning of your life, to feek the 
Lord and His face. Beware of the follies of dangerous 
youth, a perilous time for your foul. Love not the world. Keep 
faith and truth with all men in your covenants and bargains. Walk 
with God, for He feeth you. Do nothing but that which ye may 
and would do if your eye-firings were breaking, and your breath 

* Till. t So really kind. 

384 LETTER CLXV. [1637. 

growing cold. Ye heard the truth of God from me, my dear heart , 
follow it, and forfake it not. Prize Chrift and falvation above all 
the world. To live after the guile* and courfe of the reft of the 
world will not bring you to heaven ; without faith in Chrifl, and 
repentance, ye cannot fee God. Take pains for falvation ; prefs 
forward toward the mark for the prize of the high calling. If ye 
watch not againft evils night and day, which befet you, ye will come 
behind.f Beware of lying, fwearing, uncleannefs, and the reft of 
the works of the flefh ; becaufe "for thefe things the wrath of 
God cometh upon the children of difobedience." How fweet foever 
they may feem for the prefent, yet the end of thefe courfes is the 
eternal wrath of God, and utter darknefs, where there is weeping 
and gnafhing of teeth. Grace be with you. 
Your loving paftor, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

CLXV.— To Mr Thomas Garven. 

[Thomas Garven, one of the minifters of Edinburgh. R. Blair's Life, 
by Row, tells of his being banifhed from the town by the King in 1662, for 
his adherence to Prefbytery.] 


{^ E\T:REND and dear brother,— Grace, mercy, 
and peace be to you. I am forry that what joy and 
forrow drew from my imprifoned pen in my love-fits 
hath made you and many of God's children believe that there is 
fomething in a broken reed the like of me. Except that Chrift's 
grace hath bought fuch a fold body, I know not what elfe any may 
think of me, or expect from me. My ftock is lefs (my Lord 

* Manner. t i Cor. i. 7 ; fall fhort, or be wanting in. 

1637.] LETTER CLXF. 385 

knoweth that I Ipeak truth) than many believe. My empty founds 
have promifed too much. I fhould be glad to lie under Chrift's 
feet, and kep* and receive the off-fallings, or the old pieces of any 
grace, that fall from His fweet fingers to forlorn fmners. I lie often, 
uncof-like, looking at the King's windows. Surely I am unworthy 
of a feat in the ICing's hall-floor ; I but often look afar off, both 
feared and fremmed-like, J to that fairefl face, fearing He bid me 
look away from Him. My guiltinefs rifeth up upon me, and I have 
no anfwer for it. I offered my tongue to Chrift, and my pains in 
His houfe : and what know I what it meaneth, when Chrift will 
not receive my poor propine ?§ When love will not take, we ex- 
pone || that it will neither take nor give, borrow nor lend. Yet 
Chrift hath another fea-compafs which He faileth by, than my 
ftiort and raw thoughts. I leave His part of it to Himfelf. I dare 
not expound His dealing as forrow and mifbelief often dicSlate to 
me. I look often with bleared and blind eyes to my Lord's crofs -, 
and when I look to the wrong fide of His crofs, I know that I mifs 
a ftep and Hide. Surely, I fee that I have not legs of my own for 
carrying me to heaven : I mufl go in at heaven's gates, borrowing 
fl:rength from Chrifl:. 

I am often thinking, *' Oh, if He would but give me leave to 
love Him, and if Chrifl would but open up His wares, and the in- 
finite plies, and windings, and corners of His foul-delighting love, 
and let me fee it, backfide and forefide ; and give me leave but to fi:and 
befide it, like a hungry man befide meat, to get my fill of wonder- 
ing, as a preface to my fill of enjoying ! " But, verily, I think that 
my foul eyes would defile His fair love to look to it. Either my 
hunger is over humble (if that may be faid), or elfe I confider not 
what honour it is to get leave to love Chrift. Oh, that He would 
pity a prifoner, and let out a flood upon the dry ground ! It is 
nothing to him to fill the like of me ; one of His looks would do 

* Catch up when falling. f Strange. 

X Like one who has no bond of relationfhip to the perfon. 
§ Prefent held out. Ij Expound the meaning to be. 

VOL. I. E B 

386 LETTER CLXV. [1637. 

me meikle * world's good, and Him no ill. I know that I am not 
at a point yet with Chrift's love : I am not yet fitted for fo much 
as I would have of it. My hope fitteth neighbour with meikle 
blackf hunger : and certainly I dowj not but think that there is 
more of that love ordained for me than I yet comprehend, and 
that I know not the weight of the penfion which the I^ng will give 
me. I fhall be glad if my hungry bill get leave to lie befide Chrifl, 
waiting on an anfwer. Now I fhould be full and rejoice, if I got 
a poor man's alms of that fweeteft love ; but I confidently believe 
that there is a bed made for Chrift and me, and that we fhall take 
our fill of love in it. And I often think, when my joy is run out, 
and at the loweft ebb, that I would feek no more than my rights 
paffed the King's great feal,§ and that thefe eyes of mine could fee 
Chrift's hand at the pen. 

If your Lord call you to fufFering, be not difmayed ; there fhall 
be a new allowance of the I^ng for you when you come to it. One 
of the fofteft pillows Chrift hath is laid under His witnefTes' head, 
though often they mufi: fet down their bare feet among thorns. He 
hath brought my poor foul to defire and wifh, " Oh that my afhes, 
and the powder I fhall be difTolved into, had well-tuned tongues to 
praife Him !" 

Thus in hafte, defiring your prayers and praifes, I recommend 
you to my fweet, sweet Mafier, my honourable Lord, of whom I 
hold all. Grace be with you. 

Your own, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

* As much as having a world's good things. 

t Much of terrible hunger. % Cannot. 

§ Things I am to get, handed to me in the fhape of title-deeds from the 


CLXVI. — To Cardoness, the Elder. 


UCH HONOURED SIR,— I long to hear how your 
foul profpereth. I wonder that ye write not to me ; 
for the Holy Ghofl beareth me witnefs, that I cannot, 
I dare not, I do* not forget you, nor the fouls of thofe with you, 
who are redeemed by the blood of the great Shepherd. Ye are in 
my heart in the night-watches ; ye are my joy and crown in the 
day of Chrift. O Lord, bear me witnefs, if my foul thirfleth for 
anything out of heaven, more than for your falvation. Let God lay 
me in an even balance, and try me in this. 

Love heaven ; let your heart be on it. Up, up, and vifit the 
new Land and view the fair City, and the white Throne, and the 
Lamb, the bride's Hufband in His Bridegroom's clothes, fitting on 
it. It were time that your foul cafl: itfelf, and all your burdens, 
upon Chrift. I befeech you by the wounds of your Redeemer, 
and by your compearancef before Him, and by the falvation of 
your foul, lofe no more time ; run fall, for it is late. God hath 
fworn by Himfelf, who made the world and time, that time fhall 
be no more. J Ye are now upon the very border of the other 
life. Your Lord cannot be blamed for not giving you warning. 
I have taught the truth of Chrift to you, and delivered unto you the 
whole counfel of God ; and I have ftood before the Lord for you, 
and I will yet flill ftand. Awake, awake to do righteoufly. Think 
not to be eafed of the burdens and debts that are on your houfe by 
oppreiTing any, or being rigorous to thofe that are under you. Re- 
member how I endeavoured to walk before you in this matter, as an 
example. *' Behold, here am I, witnefs againft me, before the Lord 

* '^ Dozv not," in old editions; but we have given it ^^ do not;" for 
'^ cannot" is the fame as '^ dow not." 

t Appearing in obedience to a fumnmns. J Rev. x. 6. 

388 LETTER CLXVL [1637. 

and His Anointed : whole ox or whole afs have I taken ? Whom 
have I defrauded ? "Whom have I opprefled ?"* Who knoweth 
how my foul feedeth upon a good confcience, when I remember 
how I fpent this body in feeding the lambs of Chrift ? 

At my firft entry hither, I grant, I took a ftomach againfl: my 
Lord, becaufe He had caften me over the dyke of the vineyard, as 
a dry tree, and would have no more of my fer\-ice. My dumb 
Sabbaths broke my heart, and I would not be comforted. But now 
He whom my foul loveth is come again, and it plealeth Him to feafi: 
me with the kilTes of His love. A King dineth with me, and His 
fpikenard cafleth a fweet fmell. The Lord is my witnefs above, 
that I write my heart to vou. I never knew, by my nine years* 
preaching, fo much of Chrift's love, as He has taught me in Aber- 
deen, by fix months' imprilbnment. I charge you in Chrifl's name 
to help me to praife ; and Ihow that people and country the 
loving-kindnefs of the Lord to my foul, that {o mv lutferings may 
fomeway preach to them when I am filent. He hath made me to 
know now better than before, what it is to be crucified to the world. 
I would not now give a drink of cold water for all the world's 
kindnefs. I owe no l€r\*ice to it : I am not the flefh's debtor. l\Iy 
Lord Jefus hath dawtedf His prilbner, and hath thoughts of love 
concerning me. I would not exchange my fighs with the laughing 
of adverfaries. Sir, I write this to inform you, that ye may know 
that it is the truth of Chrifl I now fufFer for, and that He hath 
fealed my fufFering with the comforts of His Spirit on my foul ; 
and I know that He putteth not His feal upon blank paper. 

Now, fir, I have no comfort earthly, but to know that I have 
efpoufed, and fhall prelent a bride to Chrift in that congregation. 
The Lord hath given you much, and therefore He will require 
much of vou again. Number your talents, and fee what you have 
to render back. Ye cannot be enough perfuaded of the fhortnefs 
of your time. I charge vou to write to me, and in the fear of God 
to be plain with me, whether or not ye have made your fUvation 

* I Sam. xii. ;. t Fondled. 

1637.] LETTER CLXFL 389 

fure. I am confident, and hope the beft ; but I know that your 
reckonings with your Judge are many and deep. Sir, be not be- 
guiled, neglefl not your one thing,* your one necefTary thing,f the 
good part that fhall not be taken from you. Look beyond time : 
things here are but moonfhine. They have but children's wit who are 
delighted with fhadows, and deluded with feathers flying in the air. 
Defire your children, in the morning of their life, to begin and 
feek the Lord, and to remember their Creator in the days of their 
youth,J to cleanfe their way, by taking heed thereto, according to 
God's word.§ Youth is a glafly age. Satan finds a fwept cham- 
ber, for the moft part, in youthhood, and a garnifhed lodging for 
himfelf and his train. Let the Lord have the flower of their age ; 
the befl: facrifice is due to Him. Inftruft them in this, that they 
have a foul, and that this life is nothing in comparifon of eternity. 
They will have much need of God's condu6l in this world, to guide 
them by || thole rocks upon which moft men fplit ; but far more 
need when it cometh to the hour of death, and their compearance 
before Chrift. Oh that there were fuch an heart in them, to fear 
the name of the great and dreadful God, who hath laid up great 
things for thofe that love and fear Him ! I pray that God may be 
their portion. Show others of my parifliioners, that I write to them 
my beft wifhes, and the bleilings of their lawful paftor. Say to 
them from me, that I befeech them, by the bowels of Chrift, to 
keep in mind the doftrine of our Lord and Saviour Jefus Chrift, 
which I taught them ; that fo they may lay hold on eternal life, 
ftriving together for the faith of the Gofpel, and making fure falva- 
tion to themfelves. Walk in love, and do righteoufnefs ; feek peace -, 
love one another. Wait for the coming of our Mafter and Judge. 
Receive no docftrine contrary to that which I delivered to you. If 
ye fall away, and forget it, and that Catechifm which I taught you, 
and fo forfake your own mercy, the Lord be Judge betwixt you 
and me. I take heaven and earth to witnefs, that fuch ftiall eter- 
nally perifh. But if they ferve the Lord, great will their reward 

Phil. iii. 13. t Luke x. 42. % Kccles. xii. i. § Ps. cxix. 9. || Paft. 

390 LETTER CLXVII. [1637. 

•be when they and I fhall ftand before our Judge. Set forward up 
the mountain, to meet with God ; climb up, for your Saviour calleth 
on you. It may be that God will call you to your reft, when I am 
far from you ; but ye have my love, and the defires of my heart 
for your foul's welfare. He that is holy, keep you from falling, 
and eflablifh you, till His own glorious appearance. 
Your affe(Sbionate and lawful paflor, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

CLXVII. — To my Lady Boyd. [Let. 107^] 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace from God our 
Father, and from our Lord Jefus Chriil, be multiplied 
upon you. 

I have reafoned with your fon * at large ; I rejoice to fee him 
fet His face in the right airth,f now when the nobles love the funny 
fide of the Gofpel beft, and are afraid that Chrift want foldiers, and 
fhall not be able to do for Himfelf. 

Madam, our debts of obligation to Chrift are not fmall ; the 
freedom of grace and of falvation is the wonder of men and angels. 
But mercy in our Lord fcorneth hire. Ye are bound to lift ChriA 
on high, who hath given you eyes to difcern the devil now coming 
out in his whites, and the idolatry and apoftafy of the time, well 
wafhen J with fair pretences ; but the fkin is black and the water foul. 
It were art, I confefs, to wafh a black devil, and make him white. 

I am in ftrange ups and downs, and feven times a-day I lofe 
ground. I am put often to fwimming ; and again my feet are fet on 
the Rock that is higher than myfelf. He hath now let me fee four 
things which I never faw before : ly?. That the Supper fhall be 
great cheer, that is up in the great hall with the Royal King of 

* Lord Boyd. See notice of him, Let. 78. f Quarter. 

X ^^'afhed ; whitened over. 

1637.] LETTER CLXVIL 391 

glory, when the four-hours,* the {landing drink,* in this dreary 
wildernefs, is fo fweet. When He bloweth a kifs afar off to His 
poor heart-broken mourners in Zion, and fendeth me but His hearty 
commendations till we meet, I am confounded with wonder to think 
what it Ihall be, when the Fairefl among the fons of men fhall lay a 
King's fweet foft cheek to the fmful cheeks of poor fmners. O time, 
time, go fwiftly, and haften that day ! Sweet Lord Jefus, poft ! 
come, flying like a young hart or a roe upon the mountains of 
feparation. I think that we fhould tellf the hours carefully, and 
look often how low the fun is. For love hath no " Ho !"J it is 
pained, pained in itfelf, till it come into grips § with the party beloved. 

2dly. I find Chriil's abfence to be love's ficknefs and love's 
death. The wind that bloweth out of the airth where my Lord 
Jefus reigneth is fweet-fmelled, foft, joyful, and heartfome|| to a 
foul burnt with abfence. It is a painful battle for a foul fick of 
love to fight with abfence and delays. Chrilt's " Not yet" is a 
ftoundingf of all the joints and liths** of the foul. A nod of His 
head, when He is under a mafk, would be half a pawn.ff To fay, 
*' Fool, what aileth thee ? He is coming," would be life to a dead 
man. I am often in my dumb Sabbaths feeking a new pleaJJ with 
my Lord Jefus (God forgive me !), and I care not if there be not 
two or three ounce-weight of black wrath in my cup. 

'^dly. For the third thing, I have feen my abominable vilenefs ; 
if I were well known, there would none in this kingdom afk how I 
do. Many take my ten to be a hundred, but I am a deeper hypo- 
crite, and fhallower profeflbr, than every one believeth. God 
knoweth I feign not. But I think my reckonings on the one page 
written in great letters, and His mercy to fuch a forlorn § and 

* When even the (light afternoon meal and the cup handed to one at the 
door is fo fweet. 

t Count. X Ceflation ; cr\' to halt. § Grafp. || Cheering. 

^ \ dull ftroke that comes fuddenly and vibrates through the body. 

** Joints ; the one word explains the other. '* Joift" was in the margin of 
old editions. 

ft A pledge. XX Qiiarrel ; controverfy. §^ Loft prodigal debtor. 

392 LETTER CLXVIL [1637. 

wretched dyvour on the other, to be more than a miracle. If I 
could get my finger-ends upon a full afTurance, I trow that I would 
grip * fail ; but my cup wanteth not gall. And, upon my part, de- 
fpair might be almoft excufed, if every one in this land faw my inner 
fide. But I know that I am one of them who have made great 
fale, and a free market, to free grace. If I could be faved, as I 
would fain believe, fure I am that I have ^ven Chriil's blood, His 
free grace, and the bowels of His mercy, a large field to work 
upon ; and Chrifl hath manifefled His art, I dare not fay to the 
uttermofl (for He can, if He would, forgive all the devils and 
damned reprobates, in refpeft of the widenefs of His mercy), but I 
fay to an admirable degree. 

^hly. I am flricken with fear of unthankfulnefs. This apoftate 
ICirk hath played the harlot with many lovers. They are fpitting 
in the face of my lovely King, and mocking Him, and I dowf not 
mend it ; and they are running away from Chrift in troops, and I 
dowf not mourn and be grieved for it. I think Chrifl lieth like an 
old forcaften \ caftle, forfaken of the inhabitants -, all men run away 
now from Him. Truth, innocent truth, goeth mourning and wring- 
ing her hands in fackcloth and afhes. Woe, woe, woe is me, for 
the virgin daughter of Scotland ! Woe, woe to the inhabitants of 
this land ! for they are gone back with a perpetual backfliding. 

Thefe things take me fo up, that a borrowed bed, another man's 
firefide, the wind upon my face (I being driven from my lovers and 
dear acquaintance, and my poor flock), find no room in myforrow. 
I have no fpare or odd forrow for thefe ; only I think the fparrows 
and fwallows that build their nefts in the kirk of Anwoth, bleffed 
birds. Nothing hath given my faith a harder back-fet§ till it crack 
again, than my clofed mouth. But let me be miferable myfelf alone ; 
God keep my dear brethren from it. But flill I keep breath; and 
when my royal, and never, never-enough -praifed I^ng returneth to 

* Gralp. t Am not able. % Not ufed ; caft off. 

§ A thruft back. In a fermon at Anwoth, 1630, on Zech. xiii. 7, he fays, 
*^ God gives a back-fet and fall under temptation."" 

1637.] LETTER CLXVIIL 393 

His finful prilbner, I ride upon the high places of Jacob. I divide 
Shechem,* I triumph in His ftrength. If this kingdom would glorify 
the Lord in my behalf ! I defire to be weighed in God's even balance 
in this point, if I think not my wages paid to the full. I fhall crave 
no more hire of Chrift. 

Madam, pity me in this, and help me to praife Him ; for what- 
ever I be, the chief of fmners, a devil, and a mofl guilty devil, yet it 
is the apple of Chrifl's eye. His honour and glory, as the Head of the 
Church, that I fuffer for now, and that I will go to eternity with. 

I am greatly in love with Mr M. M. jf I fee him flamped with 
the image of God. I hope well of your fon, my Lord Boyd. 

Your Ladyfhip and your children have a prifoner's prayers. 
Grace be with you. 

Your Ladyfhip' s, at all obedience in Chrifl, 

Aberdeen, May i, 1637. S. R. 

CLXVIIL — To his reverend and dear Brother, Mr David Dickson. 

that ye have never known me well. If ye faw my 
inner fide, it is poflible that ye would pity me, but you 
would hardly give me either love or refpeft : men miflake me the 
whole length of the heavens. My fms prevail over me, and the 
terrors of their guiltinefs. I am put often to afk, if Chrift and I did 
ever fhake hands together in earneft. I mean not that my feafl-days 
are quite gone, but I am made of extremes. I pray God that ye 
never have the woful and dreary experience of a clofed mouth -, for 
then ye fhall judge the fparrows, that may fing on J the church of 
Irvine, blefTed birds. But my foul hath been refrefhed and watered. 

* Pfalm Ix. 6. 

t Mr Matthew Mowat, minifter of Kilmarnock. See notice of him, Let. 


X 0//, not '^ /«,'" as in old editions. 

394 LETTER CLXVIIL [1637. 

when I hear of your courage and zeal for your never-enough- 
praifed, praifed Mafler, in that ye put the men of God, chafed out 
of Ireland, to work.* Oh, if I could confirm 3-ou ! I darefay, in 
God's prefence, " That this fhall never haften your fufFering, but 
will be David Dickfon's feaft and fpeaking joy, that while he had 
time and leifure, he put many to work, to lift up Jefus, his fweet 
Mafter, high in the fkies." O man of God, go on, go on ; be valiant 
for that Plant of renown, for that Chief among ten thoufands, for 
that Prince of the kings of the earth. It is but little that I know of 
God ; yet this I dare write, that Chrifl will be glorified in David 
Dickfon, howbeit Scotland be not gathered. 

I am pained, pained, that I have not more to give my fweet 
Bridegroom. His comforts to me are not dealt with a niggard's 
hand ; but I would fain learn not to idolize comfort, fenfe, joy, and 
fweet, felt prefence. All thefe are but creatures, and nothing but 
the kingly robe, the gold ring, and the bracelets of the Bridegroom ; 
the Bridegroom Himfelf is better than all the ornaments that are 
about Him. Now, I would not fo much have thefe as God Him- 
felf, and to be fwallowed up of love to Chrift. I fee that in de- 
lighting in a communion with Chrift, we may make more gods than 
one. But, however, all was but bairns' play between Chrifl and 
me, till now. If one would have fworn unto me, I would not have 

* When Mr Robert Blair and Mr John Livingftone, who had been de- 
poled in Ireland by the Bifhop of Down, were obliged to leave that country, 
to avoid falling into the hands of the Government, which had given orders for 
their apprehenfion, on account of their preaching in their own private houfes, 
they came over to Irvine in 1637, to Mr Dickfon. Dickfon had been advifed 
by fome refpedtable gentlemen not to employ them to preach, left the bilhops, 
who were then zealous in urging on minifters the ufe of the Service-book, 
fliould thereby take occafion to remove him from his miniftr)-. *^But,"' 
faid Dickfon, " I dare not be of their opinion, nor follow their counfel, fo far 
as to difcountenance thefe worthies, now when they are fuffering for holding 
faft the name of Chrift, and every letter of that blefled name, as not to employ 
them as in former times. Yea, I would think my fo doing would provoke the ^ 
Lord, fo that I might upon another account be depofed, and not have fo good 
a confciencc."" — {l-ifi of Robert Blair.) 

1637.] LETTER CLXIX. 395 

believed what may be found in Chrifl:. I hope that ye pity my pain 
that* much, in my prilbn, as to help me yourfelf, and to caufe 
others help me, a dyvour, f a fniful wretched dyvour, to pay fome 
of my debts of praife to my great King. Let my God be judge and 
witnefs, if my foul would not have fweet eafe and comfort, to have 
many hearts confirmed in Chrifl, and enlarged with His love, and 
many tongues fet on work to fet on high my royal and princely 
Well-beloved. Oh that my fufFerings could pay tribute to fuch a 
king ! I have given over wondering at His love ; for Chrift hath 
manifefled a piece of art upon me, that I never revealed to any 
living. He hath gotten fair and rich employment, and fweet fale, 
and a goodly market for His honourable calling of fhowing mercy, 
on me the chief of fmners. Every one knoweth not fo well as I do, 
my wofully-often broken covenants. My fms againft light, working J 
in the very adl of fmning, have been met with admirable mercy : 
but, alas ! he will get nothing back again, but wretched unthank- 
fulnefs. I am fure, that if Chrift pity anything in me next to my 
fm, it is pain of love for an armful and foulful of Himfelf, in faith, 
love, and begun fruition. My forrow is, that I cannot get Chrift 
lifted off the dufl in Scotland, and fet on high, above all the fkies, 
and heaven of heavens. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 
Aberdeen, May i, 1637. S. R. 

CLXIX. — To the Laird of Carleton. 



ORTHY SIR, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. I 
received your letter, and am heartily glad that our 
Lord hath begun to work for the apparent delivery 

* So greatly. t Debtor ; bankiaipt. 

I The fenfe feems to be, " My fms againft light, which was at work even 
when 1 was in the ad of finning." 

39^ LETTER CLXIX. [1637. 

of this poor opprefled Kirk. Oh that falvation would come for 
Zion ! 

I am for the prefent hanging by hope, waiting what my Lord 
will do with me, and if it will pleafe my fweet Mafter to fend me 
amongfl: you again, and keep out a hireling from my poor people 
and flock. It were my heaven till I come home, even to fpend 
this life in gathering in fome to Chrifl. I have flill great heavinefs 
for my filence, and my forced (landing idle in the market, when this 
land hath fuch a plentiful, thick harveft. But I know that His judg- 
ments, who hath done it, pafs finding out. I have no knowledge to 
take up the Lord in all His ft range ways, and paflages of deep and 
unfearchable providences. For the Lord is before me, and I am fo 
bemifted* that I cannot follow Him ; He is behind me, and following 
at the heels, and I am not aware of Him ; He is above me, but His 
glory fo dazzleth my twilight of fliort knowledge, that I cannot look 
up to Him. He is upon my right hand, and I fee Him not ; He is 
upon my left hand, and within me, and goeth and cometh, and His 
going and coming are a dream to me ; He is round about me, and 
compafleth all my goings, and ft ill I have Him to feek. He is every 
way higher, and deeper, and broader than the fhallow and ebbf 
handbreadth of my ftiort and dim light can take up ; and, therefore, 
I would that my heart could be filent, and fit down in the learnedly- 
ignorant wondering at the Lord, whom men and angels cannot 
comprehend. I know that the noon-day light of the higheft angels, 
who fee Him face to face, feeth not the borders of His infinitenefs. 
They apprehend God near hand ;{ but they cannot comprehend 
Him. And, therefore, it is my happinefs to look afar off, and to 
come near to the Lord's back parts, and to light my dark candle at 
His brightnefs, and to have leave to fit and content myfelf with a 
traveller's light, without the clear vifion of an enjoyer. I would 
feek no more till I were in my country, than a little watering and 
Iprinkling of a withered foul, with fome half out-breakings and half 

* Involved in a mift. t Low^ fliallow. 

\ They have to do with God near at hand. 

1637.] LETTER CLXIX. 397 

out-lookings of the beams, and fmall ravifliing fmiles of the faireft 
face of a revealed and believed-on Godhead. A little of God would 
make my foul bankfull. * Oh that I had but Chrifl's odd ofF-fall- 
ings ; that He would let but the meaneft of His love-rays and love- 
beams fall from Him, fo as I might gather and carry them with me ! 
I would not be illf to pleafe with Chrift, and vailed vifions of Chrifl ; 
neither would I be dainty in feeing and enjoying of Him : a kifs of 
Chrift blown over His fhoulder, the parings and crumbs of glory 
that fall under His table in heaven, a fhower like a thin May-mift 
of His love, would make me green, and fappy, and joyful, till the 
fummer-fun of an eternal glory break up. J Oh that I had anything 
of Chrift ! Oh that I had a fip, or half a drop, out of the hollow 
of Chrift's hand, of the fweetnefs and excellency of that lovely One ! 
Oh that my Lord Jefus would rue upon me, and give me but the 
meaneft alms of felt and believed falvation ! Oh, how little were 
it for that infinite fea, that infinite fountain of love and joy, to fill 
as many thoufand thoufand little veffels (the like of me) as there 
are minutes of hours fmce the creation of God ! I find § it true that 
a poor foul, finding § half a fmell of the Godhead of Chrift, hath 
defires (paining and wounding the poor heart fo with longings to be 
up at Him) that make it fometimes think, "Were it not better never 
to have felt anything of Chrift, than thus to lie dying twenty deaths, 
under thefe felt wounds, for the want of Him ? " Oh, where is He '^. 
O Faireft, where dwelleft Thou ? O never-enough admired God- 
head, how can clay win || up to Thee ? how can creatures of yefter- 
day be able to enjoy Thee ? Oh, what pain is it, that time and fin 
ftiould be fo many thoufand miles betwixt a loved and longed-for 
Lord and a dwining f and love-fick foul, who would rather than 
all the world have lodging with Chrift ! Oh, let this bit of love of 
ours, this inch and half-fpan length of heavenly longing, meet with 
Thy infinite love ! Oh, if the little I have were fwallowed up with 
the infinitenefs of that excellency which is in Chrift ! Oh that we 

* Like a river, full up to its bank. f Difficult. % Song ii. 17. 

§ Experience, or feel. |j Get up. f Pining. 

398 LETTER CLXX. [1637. 

little ones were in at the greateft Lord Jefus ! Our wants fhould 
foon be fwallowed up with His fulnefs. 
Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, n y^ 

Aberdeen, May 10, 1637. 

CLXX. — To Robert Gordon of Knockbrex. 


^ EAR BROTHER, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. 
I received your letter from Edinburgh. 

I would not wifh to fee another heaven, whill* I 

get mine own heaven, but a new moon like the light of the fun, 
and a new fun like the light of feven days fhining upon my poor 
felf, and the Church of Jews and Gentiles, and upon my withered 
and funburnt mother, the Church of Scotland, and upon her fiAer 
Churches, England and Ireland ; and to have this done, to the 
fetting on high of our great ICing ! It matterethf not, howbeit I 
were feparate from Chrifl, and had a fenfe of ten thoufand years' 
pain in hell, if this were. O bleifed nobility ! Oh, glorious, 
renowned gentry ! Oh, bleffed were the tribes in this land to wipe 
my Lord Jefus' weeping face, and to take the fackcloth of Chrifl's 
loins, and to put His kingly robes upon Him ! Oh, if the Almighty 
would take no lefs J wager of me than my heaven to have it done ! 
But my fears are flill for wrath once § upon Scotland. But I know 
that her day will clear up, and that glory fhall be upon the top of 
the mountains, and joy at the voice [j of the married wife, once again. 
Oh that our Lord would make us to contend, and plead, and 
wreftle by prayers and tears, for our Hufband's refloring of His 
forfeited heritage in Scotland. 

* Till. t Mattereth? In other editions it is ^^ maketh." 

X Pledge. § Some time or othei". || *' Noife,'' in old editions. 

[1637. LETTER CLXX. 399 

Dear brother, I am for the prefent in no Imall battle, betwixt 
felt giiiltinefs, and pining longings and high fevers for my Well- 
beloved's love ! Alas ! I think that Chrift's love playeth the 
niggard to me, and I know it is not for fcarcity of love. There is 
enough in Him, but my hunger prophefieth of in-holding and 
Iparingnefs in Chrift -, for I have but little of Him, and little of His 
fweetnefs. It is a dear fummer with me ; yet there is fuch joy in 
the eagernefs and working of hunger for Chrift, that I am often at 
this, that if I had no other heaven than a continual hunger for 
Chrift, fuch a heaven of ever-working hunger were flill a heaven 
to me. I am fure that Chrift's love cannot be cruel ; it muff be a 
ruing, a pitying, a melting-hearted love ; but fufpenfion of that love 
I think half a hell, and the want of it more than a whole hell. 
When I look to my guiltinefs, I fee that my falvation is one of our 
Saviour's greateft miracles, either in heaven or earth. I am fure I 
may defy any man to fhow me a greater wonder. But, feeing I 
have no wares, no hire, no money for Chrift, He muft either take 
me with want, mifery, corruption, or then* want me. Oh, if He 
would be pleafed to be companionate and pitiful-hearted to my 
pining fevers of longing for Him ; or then* give me a real pawnf 
to keep, out of His own hand, till God fend a meeting betwixt Him 
and me ! But I find neither as yet. Howbeit He who is abfent be 
not cruel nor unkind, yet His abfence is cruel and unkind. His 
love is like itfelf ; His love is His love ; but the covering and the 
cloud, the vail and the mafk of His love, is more wife than kind, if 
I durft fpeak my apprehenfions. I lead no procefs now againfl the 
fufpenfion and delay of God's love ; I would with all my heart 
frift till a day J ten heavens, and the fweet manifeflations of His 
love. Certainly I think that I could give Chrifl much on His word ; 
but my whole pleading is about intimated and borne-in affurance of 
His love. Oh, if He would perfuade me of § my heart's defire of 

* Or elfe. f A pledge. % Defer to a day that might be named. 
§ Convince me that He intends to gratify my heart's defire. 

400 LETTER CLXXL [1637. 

His love at all, He ftiould have the term-day of payment at His 
own cowing.* But I know that raving unbelief fpeaketh its plea- 
fure, while it looketh upon guiltinefs and this body of corruption. 
Oh how loathfome and burdenfome is it to carry about a dead 
corpfe, this old carrion of corruption ! Oh how fteadablef a thing 
is a Saviour, to make a fniner rid of His chains and fetters ! 

I have now made a new queflion, whether Chrill be more to 
be loved, for giving San6tification or for free Juflification. And I 
hold that He is more and moft to be loved for fan6lification. It is 
in fome refpecft greater love in Him to fanftify, than to juftify ; for 
He maketh us moft like Himfelf, in His own effential portraiture 
and image, in fan6i:ifying us. Juftification doth but make us happy, 
which is to be like angels only. Neither is it fuch a mifery to lie a 
condemned man, and under unforgiven guiltinefs, as to ferve fm, 
and work the works of the devil ; and, therefore, I think fan6lifica- 
tion cannot be bought : it is above price. God be thanked for ever, 
that Chrift was a told-down price for liin6lification. Let a finner, 
if poiTible, lie in hell for ever, if He make him truly holy ; and let 
him lie there burning in love to God, rejoicing in the Holy Ghoft, 
hanging upon Chrift by faith and hope, — that is heaven in the heart 
and bottom of hell ! 

Alas ! I find a very thin harveft here, and few to be faved. 

Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours, in his lovely and longed-for Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

CLXXI. — To the Laird of Moncrieff. 

[Sir John Moncrieff, of that ilk, was theeldeft fon of William Mon- 
crieff of that ilk, by his wife Anne, daughter of Robert Murray of Abercamie. 
He married, firft, Anne, daughter of David Beaton of Creich, and, fecondly, 

* Cutting out ; as we fay, ^* at His own caning." f Available; fer\iceable. 

1637.] LETTER CLXXI. 401 

Lady Mary^ Murray, daughter of William, fecond Earl of Tullibardin. He 
was a zealous Covenanter, and a ruling elder in the parifh of Cambee, in 
which he refided. His name appears in the lift of the General Aflembly's 
CommifTion for the public affairs of the Church, in the years 1646 and 1648 ; 
and he was an adive member of the Prefbylery of St Andrews, as appears 
from the minutes of that Prefbyler)'. He died about the clofe of the year 
1650, or beginning of the year 1651. Lady Leyes, to whom reference is made 
in this letter, was his third fifter Jean, who was married to Hay of Leyes* 
{Douglas^ Baronage of Scotland^ p. 46).] 


UCH HONOURED SIR,— Grace, mercy, and peace 
be to you. Although not acquainted, yet at the defire 
of your worthy fifter, the Lady Leys, and upon the 
report of your kindnefs to Chrift and His opprefTed truth, I am bold 
to write to you, earneftly defiring you to join with us (fo many as 
in thefe bounds profefs Chrift), to wreftle with God, one day of the 
week, efpecially the Wednefday, for mercy to this fallen and decayed 
Kirk, and to fuch as fuffer for Chrift's name ; and for your own 
neceilities, and the neceilities of others, who are by covenant en- 
gaged in that bufmefs. For we have no other armour in thefe evil 
times but prayer, now when wrath from the Lord is gone out 
againft this backfliding land. For ye know we can have no true 
public fafts, neither are the true caufes of our humiliation ever laid 
before the people. 

Now, very worthy Sir, I am glad in the Lord, that the Lord 
referveth any of your place, or of note, in this time of common 
apoftasy, to come forth in public to bear Chrift's name before men, 
when the great men think Chrift a cumbersome neighbour, and that 
religion carrieth hazards, trials, and perfecutions with it. I perfuade 
myfelf that it is your glory and your garland, and fhall be your joy 
in the day of Chrift, and the ftanding of your houfe and feed, to in- 
herit the earth, that you truly and fincerely profefs Chrift. Neither 
is our King, whom the Father hath crowned in Mount Zion, \o 
weak, that He cannot do for Himfelf and His own caufe. T verily 

VOL. I. c c 

402 LETTER CLXXL [1637. 

believe that they are blefTed who can hold the crown upon His head, 
and carry up the train of His robe royal, and that He fhall be vic- 
torious, and triumph in this land. It is our part to back our royal 
King, howbeit there was not fix in all the land to follow Him. It 
is our wifdom now to take up, and difcern the de\il and the anti- 
chrifl coming out in their whites, and the apoftasy and idolatry of 
this land wafhen * with foul waters. I confefs that it is art to wafli 
the devil till his fkin be white. 

For myfelf, Sir, I have bought a pleaf againll: Chrifl:, fmce I 
came hither, in judging my princely Mafter angry at me, becaule I 
was caft out of the vineyard as a withered tree, my dumb Sabbaths 
working me much forrow. But I fee now that forrow hath not 
eyes to read love written upon the crofs of Chrift ; and, therefore, 
I pafs from my rafh plea. Woe, woe is me, that I Ihiould have re- 
ceived a flander of ChriA's love to my foul ! And for all this, my 
Lord Jefus hath forgiven all, as not willing to be heard f with fuch 
a fool ; and is content to be, as it were, confined with me, and to 
bear me company, and to feaft a poor opprefTed prilbner. And 
now I write it under my hand, worthy Sir, that I think well and 
honourably of this crofs of Chrift. I wonder that He will take any 
glory from the like of me. I find when he but fendeth His hearty 
commendations to me, and but bloweth a kifs afar off, I am con- 
founded with wondering what the fupper of the Lamb will be, up 
in our Father's dining-palace of glory, fmce the four-hours § in this 
difmal wildernefs, and (when in prifons and in our fad days), a kifs 
of Chrifl:, are fo comfortable. Oh, how fweet and glorious fhall 
our cafe be, when that Fairell: among the fons of men will lay His 
fair face to our now finful faces, and wipe away all tears from our 
eyes ! O time, time, run fwiftly and hall:en this day ! O fweet 
Lord Jefus, come flying like a roe or a young hart ! Alas ! that we, 

* Walhed. t Got up a quarrel. 

X Not willing to be heard difputing with fuch a fool. 
§ The flight afternoon's meal is fo refrefhing, — 

^Mf fuch the fweetnefs of the ft ream, 
AVhat muft the fountain be?" 

1637.] LETTER CLXXL 403 

blind fools, arc fallen in love with moonfhine and (hadows. How 
iweet is the wind that bloweth out of the airth * where Chrift is ! 
Every day we may fee fome new thing in Chrift -, His love hath 
neither brim nor bottom. Oh, if I had help to praife Him ! He 
knoweth that if my fntferings glorify His name, and encourage 
others to ftand faft for the honour of our fupreme Lawgiver, Chrift, 
my wages then are paid to the full. Sir, help me to love that 
never-enough-praifed Lord. I find now, that the faith of the 
iaints, under fuffering for Chrift, is fair before the wind, and with 
full fails carried upon Chrift. And I hope to lofe nothing in this 
furnace but drofs •, for Chrift can triumph in a weaker man than 
I am, if there be any fuch. And when all is done. His love paineth 
me, and leaveth me under fuch debt to Chrift, as I can neither pay 
principal nor intereft. Oh, if He would comprifef myfelf, and 
if I were fold to Him as a bondman, and that He would take me 
home to His houfe and firefide ; for I have nothing to render to 
Him ! Then, after me, let no man think hard of Chrift's fweet 
crofs ; for I would not exchange my fighs with the painted laughter 
of all my adverfaries. I defire grace and patience to wait on, and 
to lie upon the brink, till the water fill and flow. I know that He 
is faft coming. 

Sir, ye will excufe my boldnefs : and, till it pleafe God that I 
fee you, ye have the prayers of a prifoner of Chrift ; to whom I 
recommend you, and in whom I reft. 

Yours, at all obedience in Chrift, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, May 14, 1637. 

* Point of the compafs. f An-eft me by writ. 


404 LETTER CLXXIL [1637. 

CLXXII. — To John Clark [fuppofed to be one of his PariJIiioners 

at Anivoth), 


OVING BROTHER, — Hold faft Chrifl without waver- 
ing, and contend for the faith, becaufe Chrift is not 
eafily gotten nor kept. The lazy profefTor hath put 
heaven as it were at the very next door, and thinketh to fly up to 
heaven in his bed, and in a night-dream ; but, truly, that is not fo 
eafy a thing as mofl: men believe. Chrift Himfelf did fweat ere He 
wan * this city, howbeit He was the freeborn heir. It is Chriflianity, 
my Heart, to be fmcere, unfeigned, honeft, and upright-hearted be- 
fore God, and to live and ferve God, fuppofe there was not one man 
nor woman in all the world dwelling befide you, to eye you. Any 
little grace that ye have, fee that it be found and true. 

Ye may put a difference betwixt you and reprobates, if ye have 
thefe marks : — I. If ye prize Chrifl: and His truth fo as ye will fell 
all and buy Him ; and fuffer for it. 2. If the love of Chrift keepeth 
you back from finning, more than the law, or fear of hell. 3. If 
ye be humble, and deny your own will, wit, credit, eafe, honour, 
the world, and the vanity and glory of it. 4. Your profeflion muft 
not be barren, and void of good works. 5. Ye muft in all things 
aim at God's honour ; ye muft eat, drink, fleep, buy, fell, fit, fland, 
fpeak, pray, read, and hear the word, with a heart-purpofe that 
God may be honoured. 6. Ye muft fhow yourfelf an enemy to 
fin, and reprove the works of darknefs, fuch as drunkennefs, fwear- 
ing, and Jying, albeit the company fhould hate you for fo doing. 
7. Keep in mind the truth of God, that ye heard me teach, and 
have nothing to do with the corruptions and new guifes entered 
into the houfe of God. 8. Make confcience of your calling, in 
covenants, in buying and felling. 9. Acquaint yourfelf with daily 

* Won ; obtained pofleflion of. 

1637.] LETTER CLXXIIL 405 

praying ; commit all your ways and aftions to God, by prayer, 
fupplication, and thankf^ving ; and count not much of being mocked ; 
for Chrift Jefus was mocked before you, 

Perfuade yourfelf, that this is the way of peace and comfort 
which I now fufPer for. I dare go to death and into eternity with 
it, though men may poffibly fee another way. Remember me in 
your prayers, and the ftate of this opprefled Church. Grace be 
with you. 

Your foul's well-wiflier, 
Aberdeen. S. R. 

CLXXIIL — To Cardoness, the Younger, [Let. 123.] 


UCH HONOURED SIR,— I long to hear whether or 
not your foul be hand-fafled* with Chrift. Lofe your 
time no longer : flee the follies of youth : gird up the 
loins of your mind, and make you ready for meeting the Lord. 
I have often fummoned you, and now I fummon you again, to 
compearf before your Judge, to make a reckoning of your life. 
While ye have time, look upon your papers, and confider your ways. 
Oh that there were fuch an heart in you, as to think what an ill 
confcience will be to you, when ye are upon the border of eternity, 
and your one foot out of time ! Oh then, ten thoufand thoufand 
floods of tears cannot extinguifh thefe flames, or purchafe to you 
one hour's releafe from that pain ! Oh, how fweet a day have ye 
had ! But this is a fair-day J that runneth faft away. See how ye 
have fpent it, and confider the neceility of falvation ! and tell me, in 
the fear of God, if ye have made it fure. I am perfuaded, that ye 
have a confcience that will be fpeaking fomewhat to you. Why 
will ye die, and defl:roy yourfelf ? I charge you in Chrifl^'s name, 

* Betrothed by joining hands. f Appear in obedience to a fummons.. 
X A market-day. 

4o6 LETTER CLXXIIL [1637. 

to roufe up your confcience, and begin to indent * and contract with 
Chrifl in time, wliile falvation is in your offer. This is the accepted 
time, this is the day of falvation. Play the merchant ; for ye cannot 
expeft another market-day when this is done. Therefore, let me 
again befeech you to " confider, in this your day, the things that 
belong to your peace, before they be hid from your eyes." Dear 
Brother, fulfil my joy, and begin to feek the Lord while He may 
be found. Forfake the follies of deceiving and vain youth : lay hold 
upon eternal life. Whoring, night-drinking, and the mifTpending 
of the Sabbath, and neglefting of prayer in your houfe, and refufing 
of an offered falvation, will burn up your foul with the terrors of 
the Almighty, when your awakened confcience fhall flee in your 
face. Be kind and loving to your wife : make confcience of cherifh- 
ing her, and not being rigidly auftere. Sir, I have not a tongue to 
exprefs the glory that is laid up for you in your Father's houfe, if 
ye reform your doings, and frame your heart to return to the Lord. 
Ye know that this world is but a fhadow, a fhort-living creature, 
under the law of time. Within lefs than fifty years, when ye look 
back to it, ye fhall laugh at the evanifhing vanities thereof, as feathers 
flying in the air, and as the houfes of fand within the fea-mark, 
which the children of men are building. Give up with courting 
of this vain world : feek not the baftard's moveables, but the fon's 
heritage in heaven. Take a trial of Chrift. Look unto Him, and 
His love will fo change you, that ye fhall be taken with Him, and 
never choofe to go from Him. I have experience of His fweetnefs, 
in this houfe of my pilgrimage here. My Witnefs, who is above, 
knoweth that I would not exchange my fighs and tears with the 
laughing of the fourteen prelates. There is nothing that will make 
you a Chriflian indeed, but a tafte of the fweetnefs of Chrifl. 
" Come and fee," will fpeak befl to your foul. I would fain hope 
good of you. Be not difcouraged at broken and fpilledf refolu- 
tions ; but to it, and to it again ! Woo about Chrift, till ye get your 
foul efpoufed as a chafte virgin to Him. LTfe the means of profit- 

* Put your name to a paper containing articles of agreement. f Marred. 

1637.J LETTER CLXXIF. 407 

ing with your confcience, pray in your family, and read the word. 
Remember how our Lord's day was fpent when I was among you. 
It will be a great challenge* to you before God, if ye forget the 
good that was done within the walls of your houfe on the Lord's 
day ; and if ye turn afide after the fafhions of this world, and if ye 
go not in time to the kirk, to wait on the public worfhip of God, 
and if ye tarry not at it, till all the exercifes of religion be ended. 
Give God fome of your time both morning and evening, and after- 
noon ; and in fo doing, rejoice the heart of a poor opprefTed prifoner. 
Rue uponf your own foul, and from your heart fear the Lord. 

Now He that brought again from the dead the great Shepherd 
of His fheep, by the blood of the eternal covenant, eftablifh your 
heart with His grace, and prefent you before His prefence with joy. 
Your affeftionate and loving paflor, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 


CLXXIV.— T*^ my Lord Craighall. [Let. 86.] 


Y LORD, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. I am 
not only content, but I exceedingly rejoice, that I find 
any of the rulers of this land, and efpecially your 
Lordfhip, fo to affe6lj Chrifl and His truth, as that ye dare, for His 
name, come to yea and nay with monarchs in their face. I hope 
that He who hath enabled you for that, will give more, if ye fhow 
yourfelf courageous, and (as His word Ipeaketh), '' a man in the 
flreets," for the Lord.§ But I pray your Lordfhip, give me leave 
to be plain with you, as one who loveth both your honour and your 
foul. I verily believe that there was never idolatry at Rome, never 
idolatry condemned in God's word by the prophets, if religious 

* Caufc of fclf- upbraid ing. f Have pity upon. | Love. § Jerem. v. i. 

4o8 LETTER CLXXIV. [1637. 

kneeling before a confecrated creature, ftanding in room of Chrifl: 
crucified in that very a6t, and that for reverence of the elements, 
(as our A61 cleareth), be not idolatry. * Neither will your intention 
help, which is not of the eflence of worfhip ; for then, Aaron fay- 
ing, " To-morrow fhall be a feaft for Jehovah," that is, for the 
golden calf, fhould not have been guilty of idolatry : for he intended 
only to decline the lafh of the people's fury, not to honour the calf. 
Your intention to honour Chrifl is nothing, feeing that religious 
kneeling, by God's inflitution, doth necelTarily import religious and 
divine adoration, fuppofe that our intention were both dead and 
fleeping ; otherwife, kneeling before the image of God and direct- 
ing prayer to God were lawful, if our intention go right. My Lord, 
I cannot in thefe bounds difpute ; but if Cambridge and Oxford, and 
the learning of Britain, will anfwer this argument, and the argument 
from aftive fcandal, which your Lord (hip feemeth to fland upon, 
I will turn a formalift, and call myfelf an arrant fool (by doing 
what I have done) in my fuiFering for this truth. I do much re- 
verence Mr L.'sf learning ; but, my Lord, I will anfwer what he 
writeth in that, to pervert you from the truth •, elfe repute me, be- 
fide an hypocrite, an afs alfo. I hope ye fhall fee fomething upon 
that fubjedf (if the Lord permit), that no fophiftry in Britain fhall 
anfwer. Courtiers' arguments, for the moft part, are drawn from 
their own fkin, and are not worth a- flraw for your confcience. A 
Marquis' or a King's word, when ye ftand before Chrifl's tribunal, 
fhall be lighter than the wind. The Lord knoweth that I love your 
true honour, and the ftanding of your houfe ; but I would not that your 
honour or houfe were eftablifhed upon fand, and hay, and ftubble. 
But let me, my very dear and worthy Lord, moft humbly be- 
feech you, by the mercies of God, by the confolations of His 
Spirit, by the dear blood and wounds of your lovely Redeemer, by 
the falvation of your Ibul, by your compearance before the awful 
face of a fm-revenging and dreadful Judge, not to fet in comparifon 
together your foul's peace, Chrift's love, and His kingly honour 

Sec Let. xcii. f Probably Mr Loudian. Let. 86, note. 

1637.] LETTER CLXXIV. 409 

now called in queftion, with your place, honour, houfe, or eale, 
that an inch of time will make out of the way. I verily believe that 
Chrifl is now begging a teftimony of you, and is faying, " And will 
ye alfo leave Me ?" It is pofTible that the wind fhall not blow fo 
fair for you all your life, for coming out and appearing before others 
to back and countenance Chrift, the fairefl among the fons of men, 
the Prince of the kings of the earth, " Fear ye not the reproach of 
men, neither be afraid of their revilings : for the moth fhall eat 
them up like a garment, and the worm fhall eat them like wool."* 
When the Lord will begin. He will make an end, and mow down 
His adverfaries ; and they fhall lie before Him like withered hay, 
and their bloom be fhaken off them. Confider how many thoufands 
in this kingdom ye fhall caufe to fall and flumble, if ye go with them ; 
and that ye fhall be out of the prayers of many who do now fland 
before the Lord for you and your houfe. And further ; when the 
time of your accounts cometh, and your one foot fhall be within 
the border of eternity, and the eyeflrings fhall break, and the face 
wax pale, and the poor foul fhall look out at the windows of the 
houfe of clay, longing to be out, and ye fhall find yourfelf arraigned 
before the Judge of quick and dead, to anfwer for your putting to 
your hand, with the refl confederated againfl Chrift, to the over- 
turning of His ark, and the loofmg of the pins of Chrift's tabernacle 
in this land, and fhall certainly fee yourfelf miredf in a courfe of 
apoflasy — then, then, a king's favour and your worm-eaten honour 
fhall be miferable comforters to you ! The Lord hath enlightened 
you with the knowledge of His will ; and as the Lord liveth, they 
lead you and others to a communion with great Babel, the mother 
of fornications. God faid of old, and continueth to fay the fame to 
you, ** Come out of her, My people, left ye be partakers of her 
plagues." Will ye, then, go with them, and fet your lip to the 
whore's golden cup, and drink of the wine of the wrath of God 
Almighty with them } Oh, poor hungry honour ! Oh ! curfed 
pleafure ! and, oh, damnable eale, bought with the lols of God ! 

* I la li. 7,8. t Plunged in mire. 

410 LETTER CLXXIV, [1637. 

How many will pray for you ! what a fweet prelence ihall ye find 
of Chrifl under your fufferings, if ye will lay down your honours 
and place at the feet of Chrifl. What a fair recompenfe of reward ! 
I avouch before the Lord that I am now fhowing you a way how 
the houfe of Craighall may (land on fure pillars. If ye will fet it on 
rotten pillars, ye cruelly wrong your pofterity. Ye have the word 
of a King for an hundred-fold more in this life (if it be good for 
you), and for life everlafting alfo. Make not Chrift a liar, in dil- 
trufting His promife. Kings of clay cannot back you when you 
(land before Him. A ftraw for them and their hungry heaven, that 
ftandeth on this fide of time ! A fig for the day's fmile of a worm ! 
Confider who have gone before you to eternity, and would have 
given a world for a new occafion of avouching that truth. It is 
true they call it not fubftantial, and we are made a fcorn to thofe 
that are at eafe, for fuffering thefe things for it. But it is not time 
to judge of our loffes by the morning -, ftay till the evening, and we 
will count with the befi of them. 

I have found by experience, fince the time of my imprifonment 
(my witnefs is above), that Chrifi: is fealing this honourable cauie 
with another and a nearer fellowfhip than ever I knew before ; and 
let God weigh me in an even balance in this, if I would exchange 
the cross of ChriA or His truth, with the fourteen prelacies, or 
what elfe a King can give. My dear Lord, venture to take the 
wind on your face for Chrift. I believe that if He fhould come 
from heaven in His own perfon, and feek the charters of Craighall 
from you, and a difmiflion of your place, and ye faw His face, ye 
would fall down at His feet and fay, *' Lord Jelus, it is too little 
for Thee." If any man think it not a truth to die for, I am againfi: 
him. I dare go to eternity with it, that this day the honour of our 
Lawgiver and King, in the government of His own free kingdom 
(who fhould pay tribute to no dying king), is the true ftate of the 
queifion. My Lord, be ye upon Chrilf's fide of it, and take the 
word of a poor prifoner, nay, the Lord Jefus be furety for it, that 
ye have incomparablv made the wifefi: choice. For my own part, 
I have fo been in this prifon, that I would he half-afhamcd to feek 

1637.] LETTER CLXXV. 411 

more till I be up at the Well-head. Few know in this world the 
Iweetnels of ChrilVs breath, the excellency of His love, which hath 
neither brim nor bottom. The world hath railed a flander upon 
the crofs of Chriil:, becaufe they love to go to heaven by dry land, 
and love not lea-florms. But I write it under my hand (and would 
lay more, if poffibly a reader would not deem it hypocrify), that my 
obligation to Chrift for the fmell of His garments, for His love-kiffes 
thefe thirty weeks, ffandeth fo great, that I fhould (and I defire alfo 
to choofe to), fufpend my falvation, to have many tongues loofed in 
my behalf to praife Him. And, fuppofe in perfon I never entered 
within the gates of the New Jerufalem, yet fo being Chrift may be 
fet on high, and I had the liberty to caft my love and praifes for 
ever over the wall to Chrift, I would be filent and content. But 
oh, He is more than my narrow praifes ! Oh time, time, flee 
fwiftly, that our communion with Jefus may be perfected ! 

I wifh that your Lordfhip would urge Mr L. to give his mind 
in the ceremonies ; and be pleafed to let me fee it as quickly as can 
be, and it fhall be anfwered. 

To His rich grace I recommend your Lordfhip, and fhall remain, 
Yours, at all refpeffful obedience in Chrift, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, June 8, 1637. 

CLXXV.— r^ John Laurie. 


EAR BROTHER,— I am forry that ye, or fo many in 
this kingdom, fhould expeft fo much of me, an empty 
reed. Verily I am a noughty* and poor body ; but 
if the tinkling of the iron chains of my Lord Jefus on legs and arms 
could found the high praifes of my royal Kingt whofe priibner 1 

* Some underftand tliis as meaning, " Being nought," or nothing. It is, 
however, written "naughty," evil, in okl editions. 


am, oh, how would my joy run over ! If my Lord would bring 
edification to one foul by my bonds, I am fatisfied. But I know 
not what I can do to fuch a princely and beautiful Well-beloved ; 
He is far behind with me.* Little thanks to me, to fay to others 
that His wind bloweth on me, who am but withered and dry bones ; 
but, fince ye defire me to write to you, either help me to fet Chrift 
on high, for His running-over love, in- that the heat of His fweet 
breath hath melted a frozen heart -, elfef I think that ye do nothing 
for a prifoner. 

I am fully confirmed, that it is the honour of our Law^ver 
which I fuffer for now. I am not afhamed to ^ve out letters of 
recommendation of Chrifl's love to as many as will extol the Lord 
Jefus and His Crofs. If I had not failed this fea-way to heaven, 
but had taken the land-way, as many do, I fhould not have known 
Chrifl's fweetnefs in fuch a meafure. But the truth is, let no man 
thank me, for I caufed not Chrifl's wind to blow upon me. His 
love came upon a withered creature, whether I would or not ; and 
yet by coming it procured from me a welcome. A heart of iron, 
and iron doors, will not hold Chrifl out. I give Him leave to break 
iron locks and come in, and that is all. And now I know not 
whether pain of love for want of pofTeiTion, or for row that I dow J 
not thank Him, paineth me the moft ; but both work upon me. For 
the firfl : oh that He would come and fatisfy the longing foul, and 
fill the hungry foul with thefe good things ! I know indeed that 
my guiltinefs may be a bar in His way ; but He is God, and ready 
to forgive. And for the other : woe, woe is me, that I cannot find 
a heart to give back again my unworthy little love for His great 
fea-full of love to me ! Oh that He would learn § me this piece of 
gratitude ! Oh that I could have leave to look in through the hole 
of the door, to fee His face and fmg His praifes ! or could break 
up one of His chamber-windows, to look in upon His delighting 
beauty, till my Lord fend more ! Any little communion with Him, 

* He has fo fully paid me. t Unlefs ye do this. 

X Cannot. § Teach, It is the German, Ickreu, 

1637.] LETTER CLXXF, 413 

one of His love-looks, fhould be my begun heaven. I know that 
He is not lordly, neither is the Bridegroom's love proud, though I 
be black, and unlovely, and unworthy of Him. I would feek but 
leave, and withal grace, to fpend my love upon Him. I counfel you 
to think highly of Chrifl, and of free, free grace, more than ye did 
before ; for I know that Chrift is not known amongfl us. I think 
that I fee more of Chrift than ever I faw ; and yet I fee but little of 
what maybe feen. Oh that He would draw by* the curtains, and 
that the Kng would come out of His gallery and His palace, that 
I might fee Him ! Chrifl's love is young glory and young heaven ; 
it would foften hell's pain to be filled with it. What would I re- 
fufe to fuffer, if I could get but a draught of love at my heart's 
defire ! Oh, what price can be given for Him ? Angels cannot 
weigh Him. Oh, His weight. His worth, His fweetnefs. His over- 
pafling beauty ! If men and angels would come and look to that 
great and princely One, their ebbnefsf could never take up His 
depth, their narrownefs could never comprehend His breadth, 
height, and length. If ten thoufand thoufand worlds of angels 
were created, they might all tire themfelves in wondering at His 
beauty, and begin again to wonder of new. Oh that I could win J 
nigh Him, to kifs His feet, to hear His voice, to feel the fmell of 
His ointments ! But oh, alas, I have litde, little of Him ! Yet I 
long for more. 

Remember my bonds, and help me with your prayers ; for I 
would not niifer §• or exchange my fad hours with the joy of my 
velvet adverfaries. Grace be with you. 

Yours in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, June 10, 1637. 

* A fide. t Shallownefs. % Get near. 

§ Barter. Perhaps ^^ or exchange" have been put into the text Irom the 

414 LETTER CLXXFL [1637. 

CLXXVL— r^ Carleton. 


and peace be to you. I received your letter from my 
brother, to which I now anfwer particularly. 

I confefs two things of myfelf : I/?, Woe, woe is me, that men 
fliould think there is anything in me ! He is my witnefs, before 
whom I am as cryflal, that the fecret houfe-devils that bear me too 
often company, and that this fmk of corruption which I find within, 
make me go with low fails. And if others faw what I fee, they 
would look by* me, but not to me. 

2d/yy I know that this fhower of His free grace behoved to be 
on me, otherwife I fhould have withered. I know, alfo, that I have 
need of a buffeting tempter, that grace may be put to exercife, and 
I kept low. 

Worthy and dear brother in the Lord Jefus, I write that from 
my heart which ye now read. ly?, I avouch that Chrift, and fweat- 
ing and fighing under His crofs, is fweeter to me by far, than all 
the kingdoms in the world could poflibly be. 2^/y, If you, and my 
dearefl acquaintance in Chrift, reap any fruit by my fuffering, let 
me be weighed in God's even balance, if my joy be not fulfilled. 
What am I, to carry the marks of fuch a great King ! But, how- 
beit I am a fmk and finful mafs, a wretched captive of fin, my Lord 
Jefus can hew heaven out of worfe timber than I am ; if worfe can 
be. 3^/y, I now rejoice with joy unfpeakable and glorious, that I 
never purpofed to bring Chrift, or the leafi: hoof or hair-breadth of 
truth, under tryfiing.f I defired to have and keep Chrifi: all alone , 

* Paft ; as Paul *^ failed by Ephefus," />., part ; Ads xx. 16. 

t To bring under man's arrangement the fmalleft part of Chrift's trutli. 

1637.] LETTER CLXXVL 415 

and that He rhould never rub clothes with that black-lkinned harlot 
of Rome. I am now fully paid home, fo that nothing aileth me for 
the prefent, but love-ficknefs for a real pofTeilion of my fairefl: 
Well-beloved. I would give Him my bond under my faith and 
hand, to frift* heaven an hundred years longer, fo being He would 
lay His holy face to my fometimes wet cheeks. Oh, who would 
not pity me, to know how fain I would have the ICing fhaking the 
tree of life upon me, or letting me into the well of life with my old 
diih, that I might be drunken with the fountain here in the houfe of 
my pilgrimage ! I cannot, nay, I would not, be quit of Chrift's 
love. He hath left the mark behind where he gripped.f He 
goeth away and leaveth me and His burning love to wreftle together, 
and I can fcarce win J my meat of His love, becaufe of His abfence. 
My Lord giveth me but hungry half-kifTes, which ferve to feed 
pain and increafe hunger, but do not fatisfy my defires ; His dieting 
of my foul for this race maketh me lean. I have gotten the wale § 
and choice of Chrift's crofles, even the tythe and the flower of the 
gold of all crofles, to bear witnefs to the truth ; and herein find I 
liberty, joy, accefs, life, comfort, love, faith, fubmiflion, patience, 
and refolution to take delight in on- waiting. And withal, in my 
race. He hath come near me, and let me fee the gold and crown. 
What, then, want I but fruition and real enjoyment, which is re- 
ferved to my country ? || Let no man think he fliall lofe at Chrift's 
hands in fuflering for Him. ^hly. As for thefe prefent trials, they 
are moft dangerous ; for people are ftolen ofl' their feet with well- 
wafhen % and white-fl<:inned pretences of indiflerency. But it is the 
power of the great antichrift working in this land. Woe, woe, 
woe be to apoftate Scotland ! There is wrath, and a cup of the 
red wine of the wrath of God Almighty in the Lord's hand, that 
they fhall drink and fpue, and fall and not rife again. The flar 
called " Wormwood and gall," is fallen into the fountains and 

* Defer. f Grafp. % Get enough out of His love to feed me. 

§ Seledteft part. || Till I reach the heavenly country. 

^ Waflied, in order that their blacknefs may not appear. 

4x6 LETTER CLXXVL [1637. 

rivers, and hath made them bitter. The fword of the Lord is fur- 
bifhed againil: the idol-fhepherds of the land. Women fliall blefs 
the barren womb and mifcarrying breail: ; all hearts (hall be faint, 
and all knees fhall tremble. An end is coming ; the leopard and 
the lion fhall watch over our cities ; houfes great and fair fhall be 
defolate without an inhabitant. The Lord hath faid, " Pray not for 
this people, for I have taken My peace from them." Yet the Lord's 
third part fhall come through the fire, as refined gold for the trea- 
fure of the Lord, and the outcafts of Scotland fhall be gathered 
together again, and the wildernefs fhall blofTom as the flower, and 
bud, and grow as the rofe of Sharon -, and great fhall be the glory 
of the Lord upon Scotland. 5//^/)', I am here afTaulted with the 
learned and pregnant wits of this kingdom. But, all honour be to 
my Lord, truth but laughs at bemifted* and blind fcribes, and dif- 
puters of this world ; and God's wifdom confoundeth them, and 
Chrifl triumpheth in His own ftrong truth, that fpeaketh for itfelf. 
6thlyy I doubt not but my Lord is preparing me for heavier trials. 
I am moft ready at the good pleafure of my Lord, in the ftrength 
of His grace, for anything He will be pleafed to call me to ; neither 
fhall the black-faced mefTenger, Death, be holden at the door, when 
it fhall knock. If my Lord will take honour of the like of me, how 
glad and joyful will my foul be ! Let Chrift come out with me to 
a hotter battle than this, and I will fear no flefh. I know that my 
Mafter fhall win the day, and that He hath taken the ordering of 
my fufferings into His own hand. 'Jthly, As for my deliverance that 
mifcarrieth ; I am here, by my Lord's grace, to lay my hand on my 
mouth, to be filent, and wait on. IVTy Lord Jefus is on His journey 
for my deliverance ; I will not grudge that He runneth not fo fafl 
as I would have Him. On-waiting till the fwelling rivers fall, and 
till my Lord arife as a mighty man after ftrong wine, will be my 
befl. I have not yet refifted to blood. 8//6/)', Oh, how often am 
I laid in the dufl, and urged by the tempter (who can ride his own 
errands upon our lying apprehenfions) to fin againfl the unchangeable 

* Bewildered in mift. 

1637.] ' LETTER CLXXVI. 417 

love of my Lord ! When I think upon the fparrows and fwallows 
that build their nefts in the kirk of Anwoth, and of my dumb 
Sabbaths, my forrowful, bleared eyes look afquint upon Chrifl, and 
prefent Him as angry. But in this trial (all honour to our princely 
and royal I^ng !) faith faileth fair before the wind, with topfail up, 
and carrieth the pafTenger through. I lay inhibitions upon my 
thoughts, that they receive no flanders of my only, only Beloved. 
Let Him even fay out of His own mouth, " There is no hope ;" 
yet I will die in that fweet beguile,* " It is not fo, I (hall fee the 
falvation of God." Let me be deceived really, and never win to 
dry land ; it is my joy to believe under the water, and to die with 
faith in my hand, gripping f Chrift. Let my conceptions of Chrift's 
love go to the grave with me, and to hell with me ; I may not, I 
dare not quit them. I hope to keep Chrift's pawn : if He never 
come to loofe it, let Him fee to His own promife. I know that 
prefumption, howbeit it be made of floutnefs, will not thus be wilful 
in heavy trials. 

Now my deareft in Chrift, the great MefTenger of the Covenant, 
the only wife and all-fufficient Jehovah, eflablifh you to the end. I 
hear that the Lord hath been at your houfe, and hath called home 
your wife to her reft. I know. Sir, that ye fee the Lord loofmg the 
pins of your tabernacle, and wooing your love from this plaftered 
and over-gilded world, and calling upon you to be making yourfelf 
ready to go to your Father's country, which fhall be a fweet fruit 
of that vifitation. Ye know, " to fend the Comforter," was the 
icing's word when He afcended on high. Ye have claim to, and 
intereft in, that promife. 

Remember my love in Chrift to your father. Show him that it 
is late and black night with him. His long lying at the water-fide 
is that he may look his papers ere he take fhipping, and be at a 
point for his laft anfwer before his Judge and Lord. 

All love, all mercy, all grace and peace, all multiplied faving 
confolations, all joy and faith in Chrift, all ftability and confirm- 

* Delufion. f Grafping. 

VOL. I. D D 

4i8 LETTER CLXXVIL [1637. 

ing ftrength of grace, and the good-will of Him that dwelt in The 
Bufh, be with you. 

Your unworthy brother, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 
Aberdeen, June 15, 1637. S. R. 

CLXXVIL— r^ Marion M^Naught. 


loved (fince I knew you) that little vineyard of the 
Lord's planting in Galloway ; but now much more, 
fince I have heard that He who hath His fire in Zion, and His 
furnace in Jerufalem, hath been pleafed to fet up a furnace amongfl 
you with the firft in this kingdom. He who maketh old things 
new, feeing Scotland an old, drofTy, and rufted ICirk, is beginning 
to make a new, clean bride of her, and to bring a young, chafte 
wife to Himfelf out of the fire. This fire fhall be quenched, fo 
foon as Chrift has brought a clean fpoufe through the fire ! 
Therefore, my dearly beloved in the Lord, fear not a worm. 
*' Fear not, worm Jacob."* Chrift is in that plea, and fhall win the 
plea. Charge an unbelieving heart, under the pain of treafon 
againfl: our great and royal King Jefus, to dependence by faith, and 
quiet on-waiting on our Lord. Get you into your chambers, and 
fhut the doors about you. In, in with fpeed to your flronghold, ye 
prifoners of hope. Ye doves, fly into Chrift's windows till the 
indignation be over, and the florm be paft. Glorify the Lord in 
your fufFerings, and take His banner of love, and fpread it over 
you. Others will follow you, if they fee you ftrong in the Lord. 
Their courage will take life from your Chriflian carriage. Look up 
and fee who is coming ! Lift up your head. He is coming to fave, 
in garments dyed in blood, and travelling in the greatnefs of His 
flrength. I laugh, I fmile, I leap for joy, to fee Chrifl coming to 

* Job XXV. 6, and Ifaiah xli. 14. 

1637-] LETTER CLXXVIL 419 

fave you fo quickly. Oh, fuch wide fteps Chrift taketh ! Three 
or four hills are but a ftep to Him ; He fkippeth over the moun- 
tains. Chrifl hath fet a battle betwixt His poor weak faints and 
His enemies. He waleth* the weapons for both parties, and faith 
to the enemies, " Take you a fwordf of fteel, law, authority, par- 
liaments, and kings upon your fide ; that is your armour." And 
He faith to His faints, '* I ^ve you a fecklefs tree-fword in your 
hand, and that is fuffering, receiving of ftrokes, fpoiling of your 
goods ; and with your tree-fword ye fhall get and gain the viftory." 
Was not Chrift dragged through the ditches of deep diftreffes and 
great flraits ? And yet Chrift, who is your Head, hath won:}: 
through with His life, howbeit not with a whole fkin. Ye are 
Chrifl's members, and He is drawing His members through the 
thorny hedge up to heaven after Him. ChrLft one day will not have 
fb much as a pained toe ; but there are great pieces and portions of 
Chrifl's myftical body not yet within the gates of the great high 
city, the New Jerufalem ; and the dragon will ftrike at Chrill:, fo 
long as there is one bit or member of Chrifl's body out of heaven. 
I tell you, Chrifl will make new work out of old, forcaflen§ Scot- 
land, and gather the old broken boards of His tabernacle, and pin 
them and nail them together. Our bills and fupplications are up 
in heaven ; Chrifl hath coffers full of them. There is mercy on the 
other fide of this His crofs ; a good anfwer to all ourbills is agreed upon. 
I mufl tell you what lovely Jefus, fair Jefus, King Jefus hath 
done to my foul. Sometimes He fendeth me out a flanding drink, || 
and whifpereth a word through the wall ; and I am well content 
of kindnefs at the fecond hand : His bode f is ever welcome to me, 
be what it will. But at other times He will be meffenger Himfelf, and 

* Seledeth. 

t In old editions, ^^ qjoord;' but the contraft, *^ tree-fword," fword of 
wood^ inftead oijleel^ fhows the true reading. 

X Get. § Caft off. 

II A cup handed to one as he flood at the door of a friend without dis- 
mounting. It is like the ftirrup-cup. 

^ Offer made in order to bargain. 

420 LETTER CLXXFIL [1637. 

I get the cup of falvation out of His own hand (He drinking to me), 
and we cannot reft till we be in other's arms. And oh, how fweet is 
a frefti kifs from His holy mouth ! His breathing that goeth before 
a kifs upon my poor foul is fweet, and hath no fault but that it is 
too fhort. I am carelefs, andftand not much on this, howbeit loins, 
and back, and fhoulders, and head iTiould rive* in pieces in flepping 
up to my Father's houfe. I know that my Lord can make long, and 
broad, and high, and deep glory to His name, out of this bit fecklefsf 
body ; for Chrifl looketh not what ftufF He maketh glory out of. 

My dearly beloved, ye have often refrefhed me. But this is put 
up in my Mafter's account ; ye have Him debtor for me. But if 
ye will do anything for me (as I know ye will) now in my ex- 
tremity, tell all my dear friends that a prifoner is fettered and 
chained in Chrifl's love (Lord, never loofe the fetters !) ; and ye and 
they together take my heartieft commendations to my Lord Jefus, 
and thank Him for a poor friend. 

I defire your hufband to read this letter. I fend him a pri- 
foner's bleffing. I will be obliged to him, if he will be willing to 
fuffer for my dear Mafter. Suffering is the profelFor's golden gar- 
ment ; there fhall be no lofTes on Chrift's fide of it. Ye have been 
wirnefles of much joy betwixt Chrifl: and me at communion feafls, 
the remembrance whereof (howbeit I be feafl:ed in fecret) holethj 
my heart ; for I am put from the board-head J and the King's firft 
mefs to His by-board. § And His broken meat is sweet unto me ; 
I thank my Lord for borrowed crumbs, no lefs than when I feafled 
at the communion table at Anwoth and Kirkcudbright. Pray that 
I may get one day of Chrifl in public, fuch as I have had long fince, 
before my eyes be clofed. Oh that my Mafter would take up 

* Be rent in pieces. t Worthlefs. 

J *' Holleth." It is properly ** hokthy' makes a hole in my heart. It is 
iifed for making a hole for inferting railings or bars. So in Let. 197, and in 
a fermon preached before the Houfe of Commons, 1644, on Dan. vi. 26, he 
fpeaks of " a threadbare cloak, ragged and holed," p. 45. 

§ Head of the table, the place of honour. The by-board, or fide-table, 
for children or tho like. 


houle again, and lend me the keys of His wine-cellar again , and 
God fend me borrowed drink till then ! 

Remember my love to Chrift's kinfmen with you. I pray for 
Chriil's Father's blefling to them all. Grace be with you ; a pri- 
foner's bleifing be with you. I write it and abide by it, God will 
be glorious in Marion M'Naught, when this ftormy blaft fhall be 
over. O woman beloved of God, believe, rejoice, be ftrong in the 
Lord ! Grace is thy portion. 

Your brother, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

Aberdeen, June 15, 1637. 'S. R. 

CLXXVIIL— -To Lady Culross. [Let. 74.] 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. I dare 
not fay that I wonder that ye have never written to me 
in my bonds, becaufe I am not ignorant of the caufe ; 
yet I could not but write to you. 

I know not whether joy or heavinefs in my foul carrieth it 
away. Sorrow, without any mixture of fweetnefs, hath not often 
love-thoughts of Chrift ; but I fee that the devil can infmuate him- 
felf, and ride his errands upon the thoughts of a poor diflrefled 
prifoner. I am woe* that I am making Chrift my unfriend, f by 
feeking pleas { againft Him, becaufe I am the firft in the kingdom 
put to utter fdence, and becaufe I cannot preach my Lord's right- 
eoufnefs in the great congregation. I am, notwithflanding, the lefs 
folicitous how it go, if there be not wrath in my cup. But I know 
that I but claw my wounds when my Phyfician hath forbidden me. 
I would believe in the dark upon luck's head, § and take my hazard 
of ChriU's good-will, and reft on this, that in my fever my Phyfician 

* Sorry. t Lefs than friend. 

X Occafions of quarrel. § On the chance of winning. 

42 2 LETJER CLXXVIII. [1637. 

is at my bedfide, and that He fympathizeth with me when I figh. 
My borrowed houfe, and another man's bed and firefide, and other 
lofTes, have no room in my forrow ; a greater heat to eat out a lefs 
fire, is a good remedy for fome burning. I believe that when Chrifl 
draweth blood, He hath fkill to cut the right vein ; and that He 
hath taken the whole ordering and difpofmg of my fufferings. Let 
Him tutor me, and tutor my crofTes, as He thinketh good. There 
is no danger nor hazard in following fuch a guide, howbeit He 
Ihould lead me through hell, if I could put faith foremoft, and fill 
the field with a quiet on-waiting, and believing to fee the falvation of 
God. I know that Chrift is not obliged to let me fee both the fides 
of my crofs, and turn it over and over that I may fee all. My faith 
is richer to live upon credit, and Chrifl's borrowed money, than to 
have much on hand. Alas ! I have forgotten that faith in times 
paft hath flopped a leak in my crazed bark, and hath filled my fails 
with a fair wind. I fee it a work of God that experiences are all 
loft, when fummons of improbation,* to prove our charters of Chrifl 
to be counterfeits, are raifed againft poor fouls in their heavy trials. 
But let me be a iinner, and worfe than the chief of fmners, yea, 
a guilty devil, I am fure that my Well-beloved is God. And when 
I fay that Chrifl is God, and that my Chrifl is God, I have faid all 
things, I can fay no more. I would that I could build as much on 
this, " My Chrifl is God," as it would bear ; I might lay all the 
world upon it. I am fure, that Chrifl untried, and untaken-up in 
the power of His love, kindnefs, mercies, goodnefs, wifdom, long- 
liifFering, and greatnefs, is the rock that dim-fighted travellers dafh 
their foot againfl, and fo flumble fearfully. But my wounds are 
ibrefl, and pain me mofl, when I fm againfl His love and mercy. 
And if He would fet me and my confcience by the ears together, and 
refolve not to red the plea, but let us deal it betwixt us, my fpitting 
upon the fair face of Chrifl's love and mercies by my jealoufies,f 

* Actions raifed with the- view of fliowing that the pcrfons had no right to 
what they claimed, 
t Sufpicions. 

1637.] LETTER CLXXVIII. 423 

unbelief, and doubting, would be enough to fink me. Oh, oh, 
I am convinced ! O Lord, I fland dumb before Thee for this ! 
Let me be mine own judge in this, and I take a dreadful doom 
upon me for it. For I flill mifbelieve, though I have feen that 
my Lord hath made my crofs as if it were all cryiftal, fo as I can fee 
through it Chrift's fair face and heaven ; and that God hath honoured 
a lump of fmful flefh and blood the like of me, * to be Chrifl's 
honourable lord-prifoner. I ought to efteem the walls of the 
thieves' holef (if I were (hut up in it), or any {linking dungeon, 
all hung with tapeifry, and mofl beautiful, for my Lord Jefus ; and 
yet, I am not fo fhut up but that the fun fhineth upon my prifon, 
and the fair wide heaven is the covering of it. But my Lord, in 
His fweet vifits, hath done more ; for He maketh me to find that 
He will be a confined prifoner with me. He lieth down and rifeth 
up with me ; when I figh. He figheth ; when I weep. He fufFereth 
with me ; and I confefs that here is the bleffed ifTue of my fufFer- 
ings already begun, that my heart is filled with hunger and defire 
to have Him glorified in my fuiferings. 

Bleffed be ye of the Lord, Madam, if ye would help a poor 
dyvour, and caufe others of your acquaintance in Chrifl to help me 
to pay my debt of love, even real praifes to Chrifl my Lord. 
Madam, let me charge you in the Lord, as ye fhall anfwer to Him, 
to help me in this duty (which He hath ded about my neck with a 
chain of fuch fmgular exprefHons of His loving-kindnefs), to fet on 
high Chrift ; to hold in my honefty at His hands,J for I have nothing 
to give to Him. Oh that He would arrefl and comprife§ my love 
and my heart for all ! I am a dyvour, who have no more free 
goods in the world for Chrifl fave that ; it is both the whole heri- 
tage I have, and all my moveables befides. Lord, give the thirfly 
man a drink. Oh, to be over the ears in the well ! Oh, to be 
fwattering || and fwimming over head and ears in Chrift's love ! I 

* A man fuch as I am. f Prifon. 

Jin order hereby to keep up my charader with Him. 
§ Arrejl^ is apprehended by force ; comprife, is doing fo by writ of law. 
II Fluttering and moving awkwardly in water, as ducks do. 

424 LETTER CLXXIX. [1637. 

would not have Chrifl's love entering into me, but I would enter 
into it, and be Iwallowed up of that love. But I lee not myfelf 
here ; for I fear I make more of His love than of Himfelf ; whereas 
Himielf is far beyond and much better than His love. Oh, if I had 
my fmful arms filled with that lovelv one Chrift ! BlefTed be my 
rich Lord Jefus, who fendeth not away beggars from His houie 
with a toom* difh. He filleth the velTels of fuch as will come and 
feek. We might beg ourfelves rich (if we were wile) if we could 
hold out our withered hands to Chrift, and learn to luitf and feek, 
afk and knock. I owe my falvation for Chrifl's glory, I owe it to 
Chrift ; and defire that my hell, yea, a new hell, feven times hotter 
than the old hell, might buy praifes before men and angels to my 
Lord Jefus -, pro\iding always that I were free of Chrifl's hatred 
and difpleafure. What am I, to be forfeited and fold in foul and 
body, to have my great and royal King fet on high and extolled 
above all ? Oh, if I knew how high to have Him fet, and all the 
world far, far beneath the foles of His feet ? Nay, I deferve not 
to be the matter of His praifes, far lefs to be an agent in praifmg 
of Him. But He can win His own glory out of me, and out ot 
worfe than I (if any fuch be), if it pleafe His holy majefly lb to 
do. He knoweth that I am not now flattering Him. 

Madam, let me have your prayers, as ye have the prayers and 
bleffing of him that is ieparated from His brethren. Grace, grace 
be with you. 

Your own, in his iweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Ju?i<; 15, 1637. 

CLXXIX. — To kis re%'erend ami lovhig Brother, Mr John Nevay. 

[Mr John Nevay, or Neave, as he Ipelt his name, was minifter of 
New-mills, in the parifh of Loudon, and chaplain to the Earl of Loudon. In 
all the queftions which divided the Covenanters in his day, he adhered to what 

* F.mpty. + Lrge a requeft. 

1637.] LETTER CLXXIX. 425 

may be called the ftri<5t party, being oppoled to the Public Reiblutions. After 
the reftoration of Charles II., Nevay, in 1662, was obliged to fubfcribe an 
engagement to remove forth of the king's dominions before the ift of Feb- 
ruary, and not to return under pain of death. He reached Holland, and 
lived for fome time in Rotterdam. But, on the 26th of July 1670, a letter of 
Charles II. was laid before the aflembled States of Holland, accufing Nevay and 
other two minifters, Mr Robert Trail and Mr Robert M'Ward (who was 
fecretary to Rutherford at the Weftminfter AfTembly, and who firft edited his 
'* Letters"), all refiding within the jurifdidtion of the States, of writing and 
publifhing pafquils againft his Majefty's Government. It would, however, 
appear that he ftill continued at Rotterdam, and died there. Wodrow de- 
fcribes him as ** a perfon of very confiderable parts, and bright piety." Robert 
M^Ward, in 1677, thus writes: ^^ Oh! when I remember that burning and 
fhining light, worthy and warm Mr Livingftone, who ufed to preach as 
within the fight of Chrift, and the glory to be revealed; acute and dijiinci 
iV(?i;/2)' ; judicious and neat Simfon ; fervent, ferious, and zealous Trail ; — 
when I remember, I fay, that all thefe great luminaries are now fet and re- 
moved by death from our people, and out of our pulpit, in fo fhort a time, 
what matter of foiTow prefents itfelf to my eye ! " Nevay cultivated the art 
of poetry, and is the author of a paraphrafe (called by Wodrow ^ ^ a handfome 
paraphrafe") of the Song of Solomon in Latin verfe. The General Aflembly 
entertained fo high an opinion of his poetical talents, that they appointed him, 
in Auguft 1647, along with three other minifters, to revife Rous' metrical 
verfion of the Pfalms. The portion affigned to him for revifal was the laft 
thirty pfalms of that verfion. After his death, a volume of fermons, preached 
by him on the Covenant of Grace, was publifhed. His fon mamed Sarah 
Van Brakel, whofe poetical compofitions are favourably exhibited in her 
elegy upon a popular preacher, and who was a kind friend to the Britifh 



mercy, and peace be to you. I received yours of 
April II, as I did another of March 25, and a letter 
for Mr Andrew Cant.* 

* Mr Andrew Cant was at this time minifter of Pitfligo, in Buchan, 
Aberdeenlhire. He had been previoufly minifter of Alford. In 1639, ^^ was 
removed from Pitfligo to Newbottle ; and in 1640, to the New Town of Aber- 

426 LETTER CLXXIX. [1637. 

I am not a little grieved that our mother Church is running fo 
quickly to the brothel-houfe, and that we are hiring lovers, and 
giving gifts to the Great Mother of Fornications.* Alas, that our 
hufband is like to quit us fo fhortly ! It were my part (if I were 
able), when our Hufband is departing, to flir up myfelf to take hold 
of Him, and keep Him in this land ; for I know Him to be a fweet 
fecond,f and a lovely companion to a poor prifoner. 

I find that my extremity hath fharpened the edge of His love 
and kindnefs, fo that He feemeth to devife new ways of exprelTmg 
the fweetnefs of His love to my foul. Suffering for Chrift is the 
very element wherein Chrifl's love liveth, and exercifeth itfelf, in 
cafting out flames of fire, and fparks of heat, to warm fuch a frozen 
heart as I have. And if Chrift weeping in fackcloth be fo fweet, I 
cannot find any imaginable thoughts to think what He will be, 
when we clay-bodies (having put ofF mortality) fhall come up to the 
marriage-hall and great palace, and behold the I^ng clothed in His 
robes royal, fitting on His throne. I would defire no more for my 
heaven beneath the moon, while I am fighing in this houfe of clay, 
but daily renewed feafis of love with Chrifl, and liberty now and 
then to feed my hunger with a kifs of that faireft face, that is like 
the fun in his flrength at noon-day. I would willingly fubfcribe an 
ample refignation to Chrifl of the fourteen prelacies of this land, 
and of all the moft delightful pleafures on earth, and forfeit my 
part of this clay god, this earth, which Adam's foolifh children wor- 
fhip, to have no other exercife than to lie on a love-bed with Chrift, 

deen, where he became ProfefTor of Theology in Marifchal College. In this 
fituation he continued till the year after the reftoration of Charles II. Ruther- 
ford's Lex Rex having then, by the orders of the State, been publicly burnt, and 
the author himfelf fummoned before Parliament to anfwer an accufation of 
high treafon, Cant, indignant at fuch ungenerous treatment of a great and 
good man, condemned it in one of his fermons. Being accufed of treafon 
for this, before the magiftrates, he demitted his charge, and came to dwell with 
his fon at Liberton. In 1663, he was formally depofed from his charge by 
the Bifhop and Synod of Aberdeen, and died not long after, aged feventy-nine. 
He is the author of a treatife on ^' The Titles of our BlefTed Saviour." 
* Rev. xvii. 5. t Helper. 

1637.1 LETTER CLXXIX. 427 

and fill this hungered and famifhed ibul with kifTing, embracing, 
and real enjoying of the Son of God ; and I think that then I might 
write to my friends, that I had found the Golden World, and look 
out and laugh at the poor bodies who are flaying one another for 
feathers. For verily, brother, fmce I came to this prifon, I have 
conceived a new and extraordinary opinion of Chrift, which I had 
not before. For, I perceive, we frill* all our joys to Chrift, till He 
and we be in our own houfe above, as married parties, thinking 
that there is nothing of it here to be fought or found, but only hope 
and fair promifes ; and that Chrift will give us nothing here but 
tears, fadnefs, and crofies ; and that we ihall never feel the fmell of 
the flowers of that high garden of paradife above, till we come there. 
Nay, but I find that it is poffible to find young glory, and a young 
green paradife of joy, even here. I know that Chrifl's kifl^es will 
caft a more ftrong and refrefliful fmell of incomparable glory and 
joy in heaven than they do here ; becaufe a drink of the well of life, 
up at the well's head, is more fweet and frefli by far than that 
which we get in our borrowed, old, running-out veflTels, and our 
wooden diflies here. Yet I am now perfuaded it is our folly to 
frifl:* all till the term-day, feeing abundance of earneflf will not 
diminifli anything of our principal fum. We dream of hunger in 
Chrift's houfe while we are here, although he alloweth feafl:s to all 
the bairns within God's houfehold. It were good, then, to fiore 
ourfelves with more borrowed kifles of Chrifl:, and with more bor- 
rowed vifits, till we enter heirs to our new inheritance, and our 
Tutor put us in pofiefiion of our own when we are pafl: minority. 
O that all the young heirs would feek more, and a greater, and 
a nearer communion with my Lord Tutor, the prime heir of all, 
Chrift ! I wifli that, for my part, I could fend you, and that 
gentleman who wrote his commendations to me, into the King's 
innermofl: cellar and houfe of wine, to be filled with love. A drink 
of this love is worth the having indeed. We carry ourfelves but too 
nicely with Chrift our Lord ; and our Lord loveth not nicenefs, and 

Defer to another time. f Foretafte of what Is to be got. 

428 LETTER CLXXIX. [1637. 

drynefs, and unconefs, * in friends. Since need-forcef that we 
muft be in Chrift's common, \ then let us be in His common \ for it 
will be no otherwife. 

Now, for my prefent cafe in my imprifonment : deliverance (for 
any appearance that I fee) looketh cold-like. § My hope, if it looked 
to or leaned upon men, would wither foon at the root, like a May 
flower. Yet I refolve to eafe myfelf with on-waiting on my Lord, 
and to let my faith fwim where it lofeth ground. I am under a 
neceffity either of fainting (which I hope my Mafler, of whom I 
boaft all the day, will avert), or then I! to lay my faith upon Omiii- 
potency, and to wink and flick by my grip, f And I hope that 
my fhip fliall ride it out, feeing Chrifl: is willing to blow His fweet 
wind in my fails, and mendeth and clofeth the leaks in my fhip, and 
ruleth all. It will be ftrange if a believing paiTenger be caften over- 

As for your mafter, my lord and my lady,** I fhail be loath to 
forget them. I think my prayers (fuch as they are) are debt due to 
him ; and I fhall be far more engaged to his Lordfhip, if he be fafl 
for Chrift (as I hope he will) now when fo many of his coat and 
quality flip from Chrifl's back, and leave Him to fendf f for Himfelf. 

I entreat you to remember my love to that worthy gentleman, 
A. C, who fainted me in your letter : I have heard that he is one 
of my INIafler's friends, for the which caufe I am tied to him. I 
wilh that he may more and more fall in love with Chrifl. 

Now for your queftion : — As far as I rawly conceive, I think 
that God is praifed two ways : ly?. By a concional profefHon of His 
highnefs before men, luch as is the very hearing of the word, and 
receiving of either of the facraments ; in which acts by profefTion, 
we give out to men, that He is our God with whom we are in 

* Refer\e ; behaving as if ftrangers. t Of pure necefTity. 

X Under obligation to. § The fire gone out, hopelefs. 

II Or, as an alternative. ^ Shut the eyes, and keep firm hold, in fpite of peril. 
** John Campbell, fii-ft Earl of Loudon, and his lady, Margaret Campbell, 
Baronefs of Loudon, daughter of George Campbell, mafter of Loudon, 
tf Shift for, provide. 

637.] LETTER CLXXIX. 429 

covenant, and our Lawgiver. Thus eating and drinking in the 
Lord's Supper, is an annunciation and profeilion before men, that 
Chrifl: is our flain Redeemer. Here, becaufe God fpeaketh to us, 
not we to Him, it is not a formal thankfgiving, but an annunciation 
or predication of Chrift's death — conciofial,* not adorative — neither 
hath it God for the immediate obje(5f, and therefore no kneeling 
can be here. 

idly. There is another praifmg of God, formal, when we are 
either formally blefling God, or fpeaking His praifes. And this I 
take to be twofold : — I. When we direflly and formally dire6l 
praifes and thankfgiving to God. This may well be done kneeling, 
in token of our recognizance of His highnefs ; yet not fo but that it 
may be done ftanding or fitting, efpecially feeing joyful elevation 
(which fhould be in praifmg) is not formally fignified by kneeling. 
2. When we fpeak good of God, and declare His glorious nature 
and attributes, extolling Him before men, to excite men to conceive 
highly of Him. The former I hold to be worfhip every way im- 
mediate, elfe I know not any immediate worfhip at all ; the latter 
hath God for the fubje6f, not properly the objeft , feeing the predi- 
cation is diredfed to men immediately, rather than to God ; for here 
we fpeak of God by way of praifmg, rather than to God. And, 
for my own part, as I am for the prefent minded, I fee not how 
this can be done kneeling, feeing it is priedicatio Dei et Chrifti, 7ion 
laiidatlo aid benedictio Dei. [A preaching of God and Chrift, and 
not of praifing or blelTmg of God.] But obferve, that it is formal 
praifmg of God, and not merely concional, as I diflinguifhed in the 
firft member ; for, in the firft member, any fpeaking of God, or of 
His works of creation, providence, and redemption, is indireft and 
concional* praifmg of Him, and formally preaching, or an a6f of 
teaching, not an aft of predication of His praifes. For there is a 
difference betwixt the fimple relation of the virtues of a thing (which 
is formally teaching), and the extolling of the worth of a thing by 
way of commendation, to caufe others to praife with us. 

* An a(5t in which we addrefs men, not one in which we adore. 

430 LETTER CLXXX. [1637. 

Thus recommending you to God's grace, * I reft, yours, in his 
fweet Lord Jefus, 

Aberdeen", June 15, 1637. S. R. 

CLXXX, — 21? the much Hofioured John Gordon of Cardonefs, 

the Elder. 


LORD, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. My 
foul longeth exceedingly to hear how matters go be- 
twixt you and Chrift ; and whether or not there be any work of 
Chrift in that parifh, that will bide the trial of fire and water. Let 
me be weighed of my Lord in a juft balance, if your fouls lie not 
weighty upon me. Ye go to bed and ye rife with me : thoughts 
of your foul, my deareft in our Lord, depart not from me in my 
fleep. Ye have a great part of my tears, fighs, fupplications, and 
prayers. Oh, if I could buy your foul's salvation with any fufFer- 
ing whatfoever, and that ye and I might meet with joy up in the 
rainbow, when we fhall ftand before our Judge ! Oh, my Lord, 
forbid that I have any hard thing to deponef againft you in that 
day ! Oh that He who quickeneth the dead would give life to 
mv fowing among you ! What joy is there (next to Chrift) that 
ftandeth on this fide of death, which would comfort me more, than 
that the fouls of that poor people were in fafety, and beyond all 
hazard of being loft ! 

Sir, fhow the people this ; for when I write to you, I think I 
write to you all, old and young. Fulfil my joy, and feek the Lord. 
Sure I am, that once I difcovered my lovely, royal, princely Lord 

* In fome modem editions, it is '^ Tweet grace ; '" but not fo in the earlieft. 
t To ftate as a witnefs does. 

1637.] LETTER CLXXX. 431 

Jefiis to you all. Woe, woe, woe fhall be your part of it for 
evermore, if the Gofpel be not the favour of life to you. As many 
fermons as I preached, as many fentences as I uttered, as many 
points of dittay* (hall there be, when the Lord fhall plead with the 
world, for the evil of their doings. Believe me, I find heaven a 
city hard to be won. " The righteous fhall fcarcely be faved." 
Oh, what violence of throning f will heaven take ! Alas ! I fee 
many deceiving themfelves ; for we will all to heaven now ! Every 
foul dog, with his foul feet, will in at the neareft, to the new and 
clean Jerufalem. All fay they have faith ; and the greateft part in 
the world know not, and will not confider, that a flip in the matter 
of their falvation is the mofl: pitiable flip that can be ; and that no 
lofs is comparable to this lofs. Oh, then, fee that there be not a 
loofe pin in the work of your falvation ; for ye will not believe how 
quickly the Judge will come. And for yourfelf, 1 know that death 
is waiting, and hovering, and lingering at God's command. That 
ye may be prepared, then, ye had need to flir your time, and to 
take eternity and death to your riper advifement. A wrong ftep, 
or a wrong flot,^ in going out of this life, in one property, is like 
the fm againfl: the Holy Ghoft:, and can never be for^ven, becaufe 
ye cannot come back again through the lafl: water to mourn for it. 
I know your accounts are many, and will take telling and laying, and 
reckoning betwixt you and your Lord. Fit your accounts, and 
order them. Lofe not the lafl: play, whatever ye do, for in that 
play with death your precious foul is the prize : for the Lord's fake 
fpill § not the play, and lofe not fuch a treafure. Ye know that, 
out of love which I had to your foul, and out of defire which I 
had to make an honefl: account of you, I teflified my difpleafure and 
difliking of your ways very often, both in private and public. I 
am not now a witnefs of your doings, but your Judge is always 
your witnefs. I befeech you by the mercies of God, by the falva- 

* Indiiflment. ** Your dittay is burnt," (/>. there is now no charge 
againft you), occurs in Ke