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n 0.123 

new york city 

december 5, 1968 




A poetic comment on Jackie and An 1 

Rockefeller executives abducted 7 

Orangeburg remembered ... 7 

Homosexuality: A Way to Get Out of the Army, 8 
Radical Literature List .10 

U S and Education m Dominican Republic 10 

No to War Toys 12 

Vocations for Social Change 12 

Montreal Peace Conference Goc* Militant 13 

Panthers Defend NLF Delegation in Montreal 14 
Outside Agitator by Ralph Giea^on - 15 

Julius Lester's Column -ON VACATION TILL JAN. 
Rudd and Kissinger: Army Rejects 16 

Organizing GIs: Statement by Rudd - l 7 

Florida Free Press Revived but Busted . 18 
Government Leans on Straight P v ess 19 

State Department Man Sets Press Guidelines 19 
McGill Students Out on Strike - 21 

Did Anybody See the Naked Lady 21 

Social Sciences, Good Behavior ,22 

Whoopee -- More Cars .22 

New York: High School Strike 23 

The Grub Bag: The LNS Food Column - - 24 


Narc as Freak in Washington DC .26 


Applications due Dec 13. Radical media 
people are invited to state their qualifications 
and their interest m going, with movement 
references and movement autobiography. Send 
to: Island Journey, LNS, 160 Claremont Av- , 

New York, NY 10027. 

STAFF COLLECTIVE: Susan Adelman, Miriam Bokser, 

George Cavalletto, Thorne Dreyer, Norman Jenks, 

Sally 'Lasselle, Fred Mason, Dan McCauslin, Paul 
Mi liman, Sheila Ryan, Nina Sabaroff, Victoria 
Smith, Allen Young. 

OBLAD1 , OBLADA: Mike Dover, Bill Freeland, Nick 

Gruenberg, Leslie McKenzie, John McCauslin, Rocke 
Robertson, Barbara Rothkrug, Paul Samberg 

HIPS: Pasha, Tom, 

Peter Cawley. 

Colin Connery 
Karen, Dave, John, Harold, 

Robbie - 

COVER: High School students in New York show us all up. 

This photo, by David Fenton/ LNS-NY High School Free Press, 
was taken Dec. 3, 1968, near City College of New York 
where the striking High School students had assembled 
for a rally. For details on the high school situation, 
see Paul Steiner’s story on page 23. (Steiner is a student 
a.r Bionx H.S. of Science where he is a member of the 
Communications Coop, Fenton is also a student at Science.) 

NOTE: JULIUS LESTER, columnist for the Guardian, is taking a vacation from his column-writing 

for a month LNS wixl send his next column out to you the first week m January. 


December 5, 1968 ano de guenllerc heioico PAID AT NEW *ORK, NY 

Issue # 123 

Published twice weekly 
Subscription: $15/month - SISO'year 
New Media Project, Inc 
160 Claremont Avenue 
New York, New York 1 00 2 7 
Phone: (212) 7 492200 



By The (lad fly 
LIBERATION News Service 

Headnote 1: A little dialectical materialism, professor.. 

Thesis' Jackie, Antithesis Ari* Synthesis Jacquerie,... 
which is to say that spontaenous and mass uprising of the 
poor born and reared in the womb of the oid order who will 
cut off heads, disembowel , rip out vaginas, Lite off testicles*,. 

Headnote 2* Now, for you know-nothing dropout- who took to the 
streets unarmored with knowledge, an epithalamium is a marriage 
song celebrating the conglomeration of bride and bridgegroom. . . 

Headnote 3; Litton: an industry; a destiny, a swindle -nexus; 

a plastic coating; a conglomeration; aerospace and mner-.pace 
(computer-assisted instruction) fuck; a golden mean. 

Headnote 4: That Telestar of yore still beckons on us, like 

it drew those Magi of old on. They came, those men, those 
kings, but contrary to the legend, they came not to give, but 
to steal three things. 

This js the birthplace of democracy, or so we re to id. 

The geography's the same, 

A little fucked over by time and Turks, 

But substantially the same. 

The h:J1s are bare now, spare; 

And instead of stripe-sailed ships, now. 

Tankers dance adagios upon the wmedark and parochial sea.. 

Moving among the islands which , 

Like -_lean -picked colonies. 

Bone hungrily up above the sea's skin* 

Behind each rock-clump. 

The Sixth Fleet Scylla lurks. 

And beneath. 

Polaris Charybdis twinkled darkly among the briniant ur: shirted fish and jettisoned culturfacts. 

The Gods themselves have changed, of course. 

There^s been a recirculation of elites^ 

Lords of Misrule reign in reversal. 

Criminals have become counts., 

Satyrs are annomted Solemns. 

All move m pomp now. 

Consolation, your turn will come, 

Yes . the Heavenly Office of Economic Opportun] ^ never sleeps*. 

Page 1 

Ll‘feERATl(WN£V/5 Service ( *■' 1 2 3 ) OC-c 5, I96S 


Its directives read. Destiny, and Chance; 

The poor boy’s rise is the rich man’s demise,, 

(We try not to destroy the rich. * .that 7 s for psychotic Czaromachs- 
we pension them off and ease their despairing days with 
Swiss bank accounts and give them young girls to 
consolingly suck their cocks, fcr we are v : ^ ii-tced. , „ 
no decapitations here.) 


Zeus the thunderer these days weais red and white and blue. 

And minor Gods under that aegis bear awesome names 









Agnopopolous ; 

And ah. the fierce majesty of their countenances are hidden by cocked black shades. 

Upon the backsides of which they gaze admiringly into the terrible reflections of their own ty 
To be sure, they squabble fiercely. 

As in the old days* 

Over ass. money, cocks s diversifications, cunts, diamonds, redevelopment, tax exemptions, 
manpower pools, rates of exchange, ships, investments, options r the lineaments 
of power camouflaged with the pose of humility. 

Peter poses. 

Frederika screams „ 

Generals marshall. 

Uprisings jiggle back and forth 
Acting out the old pow^r-epic games. 

Latin-Americanate golpes gulp 
Not crowns but people, 

Niarchos loses and is appointed 
Ambassador to the underworld. 

Consoler to the German bitch. 

Her half-breed son. 

His Spanish bride. 

Internationalized and impotenized 
In the Holy City of Rome, 

The king sulks in the Basillican tent. 

His mother nags: 

"Schmuck, I told you, you are immortal.. 0 
Get in there and fight." 

But he r s content to watch closeups of 

Page . 2 

LIBERATION News Service (#123) Dec. 5, 1968 

o • * moke 

His wife's cun: 

Flashed on the ceiling of the Sistine chapel, 

Imagining it to be the Lit ton-taped hills of Crete, 

Or the public gorges of the Peiiepponeseus, 

Diddled by God ' Kz<x in a .die finger 
Creating anti-matte: ou- mud. 

America's f<*ce be-' .Ouas kt o-ncvolent vision, withholding recognition. 

The Empire has dead space 
White noise. 

Ah, what will unite that strife-torn land again? 

And in the Olympus i an back rooms, twenty years of siege is promised once again. 

Electric vision ; 

Their eyes meet across the room of the world. 

It f s some enchanted evening. 

Their love is a Commsa: kind of love, 

A widescreen kind of iove, 

A global soap-opera. . . 

Staged by that Lid ero::: matchmaker, ITT 

(And we remember what Freud had to say about the Itt.) 

The president's widow? 

His scrotum tightens and t^ 

A $1,000,000,000 for mayoe two,’ 

Her pub us is engorged. 


Elevated in:* a pausing mountain j.aced by venal blood mother-loding the erectile tissue. 
(He ! ll sink -halt ana m,ne. 0 .) 

The curtain ct the o or call : f^aps... 

Space pants. . . 

Static interieres. . . 

Crack lmg 0 

Well, that ; tht power of _ove* 

A simple man and a maid move mountains. 

For the Rich, 

As Fitzgerald knew so well, 

Are really dxrieren-:. 

Can do many things : 1 
Turn night into day., 

Slow time. 

Alter space, 

Sp 1 i t - 1 e ve .! Ac i opo 1 , 

Turn the Earth into a Billiard ball. 

Make the universe into a spinal fantasy. 

Page 3 

LIBERATION News Service (#123) Dec. 5, 1968 


The match is made.„„ 

But first a poll. 

Popular consent it courted, 

"It's tragic, I know, but you don't stop living...''' 

*1 think they're entitled to a little happiness...” 

"Well, it isn’t as if she were just anybody...” 

"Well, somehow I don't think it's right... ■’ 

"Why, he's old enough to be her..." 

"Can he still get it up, a man his age?" 

"She’s young enough to be his itsy bitsy Eiectra. 1 
Compassion: Even the huntress of foxes, 

Artemis in her looks, 

■ l :- r . . - . * .'l ' i ■ 

Cold maiden widow of HIM 

Who was bullet-fucked on Dallas's high alterpiace 
Among the festive highway ribbons. 

Even she. she thrashes in unrequited love and 
Her bony body clatters against the satin sheets. 

Her bankbooks empty, her cunt p s overdrawn. 

She brings a simple dowery: 

A bloodstained dress, 

( 1 - , 

Two potent innocents of high descent. 

She brings a trauma that only the love of a good man can erase and lure. 

She remembers: 

Lyndon forcing her to suck the bioodoi ly cock 
He r d finished dunking triumphantly 
In his victim's throatwound vagina. 

(He lurched a little when the plane hit airpockets., 

(Another version has it that he cut off Jack's public parts with his samBowie knits 
And feasted on that now cold. 

Slightly rigorous flesh, 

Whereupon his foreign policy grew great with. 

Diplomatic tumescence. 

We await those stirring reminiscences.) 

Was it merely a fantasy of Empire lost she mourned, 


Matchmakers merger: Junta approves: the status changed: the -wheel or fortune sp^n 

the tanker bandit beams: 

The Cal las Screechowl screams and turns revolutionary when. 

Cast out , she contemplates the looted treasury of her larynx. 

So Jackie will marry the squat and ugly toad 
Who, according to the ancient tradition 
Not so much prince as ****PRESIDENT* 4 

Pa g e 4 LIBERATION News Service (*123) Dec. S, 1968 

, 0 Mu Rt .. 

(A modern gloss appended bv counterinsurgent folklorists researching madly... CLASSIFIED: 

Government contract FY 12378. Project, still-AGILE Hermes. $635,000. C. Kunostrokius, 
Proj ect Director ,, j 
Litton will officiate 

Standing beside a Machariosite archbishop; 

They will bless this union , thus incorporation 

As he her weds and 5 anctiiieo by sliding his arsehold ring onto her fingering tongue. 

It is meet, it is fitting , mat the birthplace of democracy receive, 

With a first lady,. 

Its centuries overdue first president. 

But. prelates go ape, 

Aquinas is conjured up 

Cape Kennedy jisms jealously into the a.Lr; 

Popes puke papal bulis urging general restrains and 
Cardinals sweat encyclicals... 

All unheeded 

There is no funding anymore for excommunication satellites. 

Those,, useless now circle the earth iike debris. 

Even the sad silvering depreciated from their surfaces, 

Cannot jam the shrill annunciation which opens our New age, those golden gates of investment. 
Wedding night 

He opens the gates of her safe deposit box 
With a sesame seed pressed against her clitoris 
She cups his lustrai bails. 

The Board of Directors, Destiny as a daisy chain, 

Hymns proxies of approval. 

The Chairman of the Beard Bellows. 

She farts; 

Arse-grassed : hem stoned. 

She wraps those thin *ips around that golden prick, and... 

He invests in her underdeveloped chest; 

He taps her paps posses 5i -ve A y... 

(The people squeai Pap. . 0 Pap. . .Papandreu. . 0 
But it is obsolete cry of ecstasy.) 

And his cock.- it is a growth industry. 

And her hole it is an ha^ry holding company. 

She drops a passionate platinum curd 
To fertilize a bia^k velvet toilet. 

The rusted wheeis of industry, lubricated by that best medicine for mergers, 

The ooze of enshrined coo^e and 
The come of hoiy cock. 

Begin to rut the rocky son ct Greece. 

And rubis giOw like boiis over her body. 

Page 5 

LIBERATION News Service (#123) Dec. 5, 1968 

. . . MORE . . . 

Meanwhile, at home 

The Urban Coalition finds itseif a little short for domestic capital. 
Black Militants , tired of citing. consc.e thcmsexves to strive 
And wonder when Black Capnalism will arrive.. 

While in the schools 

The Academics come and gc 

Historicismg softly of mutual xunds* 

(But all this s tangemtai to 0 ^.; story.. 

Dame Rumor speaks; her labia babbie „ 

The sibilant Sybi is interpreted by stockoman: er s 
Pawing through the scattered figures. 

A nuclear reactor will be put. 

Under the Ionian sea 

To turn it into a swimming poor for the rich 
Tepid, it will be. 

Heated to the temperature of an orgasm. 

And: he will larges 5 $400 000,000 Over ce 

(Tax Free) 

To entice tourists once again to that land 
That coup has turned to crust. 

Oil refineries f 
Aluminium plants : 

Steel f 

Will come showering out of that wcmb. 

The World Bank floats a loan 

On which the Sixth Fleet fires a salute co tnal couple 

(once again, once again, shall we never have dene with that dreary legend) 

Whose love secured the bases wfuch once again 

Hold the straits 

(As the Trojans used tej 

To keep the impious Sythians from boinng out of che Black Sea. 

Resting now, they pose prettny u .l the pappara^i. 

Their lips sweat an angel cake come 

Which solicitous attendants wipe from then chins 

With towels made of gold iame„ 

Care for a souvenir? 

A veromca ? s towel whereon iz pictured your face,. 


Hunger f 

Executed m sperm and spiittie. 

Ba 20 ukees play.' sad music. 

Bazookas glean the hills cl disi-nt. 

Infra red eye s detect Prometheus s . nclpien: fever 

l 1 BERAI xON . i\cws Service (ffi 23) Dec. S, 1968 

Page 6 

Before he has it 
He's zapped . 

And ELAS Jacquerie tries to tear the American Eagle from his liver 0 

On the plains of Marathon 
Bulldozers level the De:. :?•' • 'easu.r,,. 

And they re building a p**.. ~ i L cvatowns around the Parthenon,, 

It’s sunset now. 

Fucket out, the happy coup e 
Rest and watch: 

Against the sky, black like v s of geese 

A celebratory flight ct wild jets Americans across the sky. 

And wheei and scream around the Acropolis. 

They weave acrobatic ganands 

Of white exhaust to festoon that ancient sky. 

Smoke dances over the birthpiate 
(Or so we ( 're told; 

Of Western Democracy. 

And they do not return. 


^Editor s note” The poet, wh. twd Liberation News Service to call him ?, The Gadfly, ? * is a 
well-known author who frequently gi«es parties tor the international jet-set.) 

O C » ' . « ■ . C c. 

■- J 'j . o 'j J 

’• O O O „ 'H' Cl .> O C C J J c'J O O j O O C O O O Ci O O 3 t O C 1 : ? o OfOOOO 
s.- o o c o w o . j c w* c 'Socoocooo-ooo^o i> :cwe o j o 


GUAYAQUIL, Ecuador _ uN S ; • - More than 120 
armed Police assisted by a helicopter and two 
planes searched for two abducted executives 
of Gov. Nelson A„ RocKettiicr ; huge coffee 
p j an tat ion near here. 

Striking workmen at Coffee Robusta* 4 plan- 
tation abducted manager Ward Smith, an American, 
and accountant Leon Orel. ana, to back demands 
for a new labor agreement, according to a 
report in the Christian Science Monitor. 

Highway Parrel Headquarters Nov. 25. 

The demonstration was staged to protest the 
Federal Grand Jury’s refusal earlier this month 
to ±ndict nine unnamed highway patrolmen in the 
slaying of three black students last February 
on the campus of the college in Orangeburg. 

The students, members of the Black Awareness 
Coordinating Committee, told state officials 
that both whites and blacks would die in the 
next confrontation. 

• 30 - 

r-r +++++++ f++++ +++ ^ +++++++f * ++++++++++ + +++++f+++>M> 


" ' * ■ --■* * V ^ 


ORANGEBURG, 5.C. [lNS, •• A hundred black 
students from South Carolina State Co liege 
chanted black power i.egans at » tWw--houi 
protest march at the S3u r h Ca/c.xna State 

l! BE RaIaON News Service 


•’Cattle stealing is like being mayor. You 
start out being honest but you end up being 
indicted by the grand jury.* 1 

-- From a movie on the "Late Show” 


— t-uivaa-^uo i((C( ( ( ((( (j) .j- j)))))))))j »»))))))) ■ )- 

(#123) Dec,, 5. 1968 morp 

Page 7 

. . „M0RE 

o « o 


By Kenneth Cloke 
LIBERATION News Service 

Army Regulation 635-89 provides for the 
separation of military personnel from the service 
on grounds of homosexuality. From the Army s point 
of view, homosexuality '’appreciably iimits the 
ability of an individual to function effectively 
in a military environment/* renders him ’unfit 
for military service** and ’'impairs the morale and 
discipline of the Army/* From the draftee s 
point of view homosexuality -- as defined by 
Army Regulations affords a relatively simple 
means of securing an honorable or general dis- 

The regulation covers ’'Personnel who 
voluntarily engage m homosexual acts' 1 as wei± as 
’'Members who engage m homosexual acts* even 
though they are not homosexuals within the meaning 
of this regulation.” It is within the scope of 
this latter section that the disaffected service- 
man finds possible ground for less-than dishonor- 
able discharge. For in its effort to eliminate 
anyone within its ranks with homosexual tendencies, 
the Army devised the category of ’preservice 
homosexuality” or ’’Class III” homosexuality. 

This class of cases not only carries a 'Relatively 
minor penalty for the offender, but in the event 
proof is insufficient to convict the serviceman 
the regulation allows for discharge on the basis 
of ’’unsuitability for military service. ’ Under 
a different Army Regulation — AR 635-212 - 
official Army policy is that "personnel who volun- 
tarily engage in homosexual acts, irrespective of 
sex P will not be permitted to serve in the Army in 
any capacity and their separation is mandatory.” 

It is therefore important to examine this class 
of homosexual acts careful ly, and the method for 
obtaining separation. 

The Regulation defines a homosexual act as* 

” bodily contact between persons of the same 
sex, actively undertaken or passively permitted 
by either or both with the intent of obtaining or 

giving sexual gratification,, or any proposal . 
solicitation, or attempt to perform such an act , ” 
^Emphasis supplied . ) 

To come within the meaning of this section., 
the homosexual act must not be one of the follow- 
ing i j acts in an apparently isolated episode, 
scemmxng soiely from immaturity, cunousity or 
.ntoxication; 2) acts engaged m because of 
mental illness; or 3) those who engage m homo 
sexual acts described in Class II and Class III 
and nave a physical or mental condition irreiated 
to their acts., which disqualifies them from ser 
vice, on determination by the officer exercising 
general court martial jurisdiction that a medical 
discharge is '’warranted.” Furthermore to come 
^nder this regulation, the act must belong to one 
of three categories. Class I includes all acts 
by assault, coercion or fraud, or with a child 
under 16 — where there is no consent 0 Class II 
includes all cases not within Call I ; ail Class I 
cases not referred to court martial trial not 
tried,, or where the conviction was not approved 
on appeal. It is a catch-all section for those 
who could not be caught under Class i and all 
others. For purposes of separation however,, we 
are primarily concerned with the last: Class III* 

Here the regulation reads: 

’Class Hi consists of members who have not 
engaged m a homosexual act during military service 
but have a verified record of preservice homosexual 
acts. It a±sc includes all other cases within the 
purview of this regulation which do not fail within 
Class I or Class II." 

Any oral or written admission of preservice 
homosexual conduct suffices to initiate proceedings 
for separation. Presumably this couxd be made to 
a chaplain, psychiatrist, physician. First Sergeant 
etc. Any report of preservice conduct should 
include a report of overt compulsion or a con 
scious, irresistible drive to repeat the conduct 
while m service, but should fail short of 
inclusion m Class I or Class II, which involve 
General Court Martial Jurisdiction, which includes 
the possible penalty of dishonorable discharge. 

Page 8 

LIBERATION News Service ^#i23j Dec. 5, 1968 

. . a MORE o 

o o 

The information is then brought cc the at 
tent ion of the appropriate Commanding Oftxcer who 
' lnvestiages’’ the matter and refers the individual 
to a medical examiner The physical examination 
will include a psychiatric study containing a 
personal history with it a detailed account 

of the development of hunu se xuai i ty , * and the 
physician s opinion ’regarding the eAiitence 
of homosexuality. The psyvh.atnst will typicai~ 
ly ask questions the answer- to which are 
usually '‘swallow it ‘salty ’ -active-* or 
"passive," and “1 hate my mother Since a mere 
proposition meets Army requirements the indivi- 
dual may well support his Case by reference to 
only a few prior preserve incidents or homosexual- 
ity, Any feigning of homosexual posture or be- 
havior, such as overt effeminacy or responding 
to an offer or approach by a homosexual i; un- 
necessary and might well tend to discredit the 
report given,, Evidence of the acts and the com 
pulsion will be stronger if it comes rrom someone 
else. Someone m the same unit who the service- 
man "knew" before being inducted and is still 
attracted to someone on the Outride who sends the 
serviceman dirty pictures ana quotes trom homosex- 
ual books, etc are aii excellent forms of proof. 
In addition the G.l. may subscribe to homosexual 
magazines which can be found by others, he may 
make obvious advances to one or two others, which 
he wiil deny, again being certain co stay clear 
of Class I or Class ii, Incriminating photo- 
graphs may even be sent by a ^exuai blackmailer, 
or letters threatening suicide from a civilian 
lober. All these and others may be torms of evi- 
dence of preservice homoseAuai acts. 

The Commanding Ofticer satisfied that the 
case falls into Class m may i y oficr the 
enlisted man serving on an unspe.itied enlistment 
the opportunity to resign. This involves tilling 
out and signing a resignation torm as well as a 
"detailed signed statement from the individual 
relative to his tendencies and any pa^i homosexual 
actions’ , or 2 j offer the enisled man the 
opportunity to waive his right of a hearing before 
a board of officers. The individual has at least 

48 hours m which to consider the waiver 01 
proceedings before a board and may wnsuit with 
an army or Civilian mwyer during that time The 
advantage of submitting one s case berore an 
ofriccr s board ias m a safeguard piv *Sicn 
by which the board may dispose at a which 

actual iy faiiS to support a claim homostxua * x ty 
This provision reads: 

1 1 ) The board wni recommend that the 
enlisted person be 

^c) I).*. s charged under A R 60S 2i2 when 

the board finds che individual d^d not mmmit the 
homosexual acts alleged but that the conduct 
aiieged and proven establishes that tne member 
is otherwise unfit or unsuitable tor tur tner 
ser\ iCe. 

In other words, an appeal to the board may 
resuit in separation from the army even it me 
individual faiiS to prove presets ice homo sexuality 
or when the activities or tendencies are regarded 
as insufficient to Warrant separation Ine dis 
advantage is a mere prolonged and detailed ihv--= 
uu-tici and report. These wiii wexgn diticr 
ently m each case. 

As with resignation waner or submission 
to board proceedings requires a signed statement 
’confession 1 of the individual bmeixy stating 
the appro /i/na re t^me. plate and parties connected 
with the preservice homos exuax av.c v s^ aiitged 
although no names are required. 

An additional of action open u the 
Commanding Otficer is ’ to luiward the ill*' fcs Ci^atiOfi 
with a recommendation that eiiiiunation proceedings 
pursuant to this regulation be initiated under 
A R 635-1^5. He may axso cure^t the xndi-idua. s 
retention in the Army xf the investigation does 
not support the auegautru ui he may .etuin the 
case fur further investigation. 

It shcuid be noted that at no txrne in the 
proceedings under Class iii may me uttxCer s 
board, o: che Corrimandi ng Ottxcer or hxs superior 
the officer exerCxSing ’general muit martial 
jurisdiction ’ initiate disciplinary d. uon under 
the Uniform Code of Military justice However 
whiie the Class In di- charge papers wixi not 

Page 9 

Llhuk/iTiON News Service (#123) Dec. S v 1968 


mention homosexuality a confession’ must he 
signed, Therefoie anyone who might want a govern- 
ment job should consider this procedure care- 
ful iy , 

^Editor s note The author of the proceeding 
article, Kenneth Cloke is the author or A POCKET 
MANUAL ON DRAFT RESISTANCE 40 cents, from the 
Guardian 1 9 7 E„ 4 St, New !o;:k. N.. y, lie is a 
former staff member of the Lawyers Guild , ) 



ANN ARB0R ; Mich, (LNS) The Radical Educa- 
tion Project (REPj which defines itself as the 
movement s 'research education and publication 
arm,” has published a new literature list, For 
copies of the price list and further information 
on REP., write to them at Box 625 Ann Arbor, 

Mich . 4810?.. 


+ ^ » - ■» * • - TyT'*»T •■T'r4'+T r 4’’ 1 ‘' r " r ^ T *■ i. • 4- + J-4 


By Ruth Shereff 
LIBERATION News Service 

SANTO DOMINGO the Dominican Republic (LNS; 

The efforts of U 0 S 0 Peace Corps and Agency for 
International Development ^AID) "‘advisers * to 
reform the school systems in Latin America are 
meeting extensive resistance in the Dominican 
Repub lie o 

By the time students tcok the issues into 
the streets m early November * professors at the 
Autonomous University of Santo Dorrungo had reveaiea 
m detail how the US, controls much of the 
nation's educational bureaucracy. 

There are many Dominican college graduates 
(more than a i00 cf them with degrees m educa- 
tion; who cannot find work m the secondary- 
school teacher training program, according to 
the president of the University of Santo Domingo, 
because of the domination of these programs by 
Peace Corps volunteers and AiD personnel 

The young Dominicans are hard put ic under 
stand why Americans with iittie skill in che 

LIBERATION News Service 

field of education ^the Peace Corps volunteers 
are given a two-month program m how to teach 
teachers) should fill the much- needed jobs 

The Dominican high school graduates who 
are being trained for these position^ however 
have a clearer picture of the reasons. The U.S 
sponsored training programs are being used to lm 
press the American philosophy of education on these 
Spanish-speaking schoois. The program includes 
a strong emphasis on the English language and 
the teachers are being schooled m the glories 
of U.5, foreign policy, no doubt for the benefit 
of their future pupiis. Included in the curriculum 
are essays on the difference between communism 
and democracy, the philosophy of the Vietnam Wax 
and the need to protect one's 'friends ■ as opposed 
to one s ''enemies/' 

Besides bei/ng subject to indoctrination the 
teachers are ashed to fill out questionair es and 
write essays on their political views They are 
asked to fill out sociological questionair es and 
write essays on their home towns. ThxS bit of 
intelligence gathering included in the training 
course wasn't even criticized by those who were pro 
testing against American control m this and other 
areas While Latin American leftists automatically 
assume ail Mexicans are spies, they raxeiy bother 
to figure cut specif icaijy how an miormai mtei 
iigence system works . and how local nationals often 
unwittingly cooperate. 

High school students have aiso been protesting 
what might seem to many Americans nke an innovation 
an experimental -proto type high school operating 
under the guidelines set up m the Conant Report 
on American educational reform, Dominican^ see it 
different lyo 

'According to the Conant Report/ 1 said Dr, 
Iveiize Pratts Ramirez „ one of the professors 
leading the university protest movement "the 
purpose of the comprehensive high school is to pie 
serve the traditions and politics of the American 
society Well, we are not citizens of the United 
States. Our education is outmoded Nobody denies 
that. It hasn't changed in the last 40 years .after 
the death of Trujino, we cook his name out of 
the totbooks, but out feudal -rote system ot learning 

Dec. 5. i9bS 

Page i0 

.MORE, , 

remained the same. The question is who is going 
to lead the reform movement Dominicans or Ameri- 

But while Dominicans are not against reform 
they do view reform as needed in other areas than 
those being pushed in the experimental high school. 
This kind of expensive liberal arts type pro- 
gram is impractical m such a poor country as the 
Dominican Republic. Dominicans are proposing 
reforms which will help orient high school uur 
ncuium towards the needs of the ocuntry. They 
desire that studies be made into what trade 
skills will be needed in the future. 

'And that should be up to us " seveiai 
told me. "We should choose what is most userul 
to our country and what kind of society we would 
like to build," 

Universities as well as high schools are 
having trouble retaining, indeed, regaining con- 
trol over their educational institutions t The 
Autonomous University of Santo Domingo is m con- 
stant conflict with the government, "That's to 
be expected " one professor told me. "We’re a 
liberal institution m a reactionary state." 

The current conflict began with the assas- 
sination of the dictator Trujillo m 1961, This 
signalled the beginning of university autonomy m 
the Dominican Republic just as it marked the 
beginning of political parties ; labor unions, 
and independent journalism withou the risk of tor- 
ture and death. 

Traditional autonomy m Latin America gives 
a state supported university independence from the 
government both m selection of professors and 
studenis and m curriculum. Theoretically, troops 
are not allowed on campus although the recent in- 
vasions of the universities of Mexico, Uruguay, 
Guatemala and Venezuela show this only applies 
when the going is smooth. 

While the newly -won autonomy gave the stu- 
dents more freedom to organize politically, the 
structure of the university barely changed. As 
m the rest of Latin America professors were 
often people with other jobs who taught as a side- 
line and devoted no attention to the students. 
Although enrollment was relatively cheap, so that 
people from working class and petty bourgeois 

families could theoretically attend rigid sched 
uling prevented them from getting outside jobs to 
help support themselves and their families., 

Study remained a privilege and stui is since 
the majority of Dominicans are unemployed and 
75% arc illiterate. 

The oligarchy controlled the administration, 
professors were named for family ties rather 
than merit. As a result of the aristocratic na 
ture of the faculty, when the U.S ( , marines landed 
in April 1965 the univeristy did not officially 
protest , 

When the righting was over, the truce (ai 
ranged by U.S. diplomats] and the subsequent 
slaughter of rebel leaders left conservatives m 
control of the country. But in the university 
the younger professors and students who had 
fought in the revolution organized the "renovation 
movement ’ and took over. It was then that the 
conflict between the university and the state began. 

The provisional government of Garcia Godoy 
refused to fund the university untii massive 
demonstrations convinced them to reopen the in- 
stitution. But the budget was cut. 

Under the "renovation movement " the deans 
are elected for rotating terms by ail the pro 
fessors , Policy is decided by a council of 
students^ professors and universxty employees. 

To democratize the education the entrance 
examination was abolished untii the second year 
of school. Instead, anyone who sants to attend 
enters the "university college" for a year where 
the professors try to equalize the difference m 
students" backgrounds and give career counseling 
-- something unheard of before. Flexible day and 
night courses were set up so that students couid 
work and study. A university coop was opened to 
reduce the cost of books. Students were en 
couraged to enter practical fields such as 
agronomy, engineering, science education rather: 
than pursue the traditional European/ Latin arts 
and philosophy coarse for the leisure upper class, 
Professors were asked to devote full time to the 
school . 

Ironically, many of these essential reforms 
have been encouraged by American technicians m 


LIBERATION News Service ^123) December 5 1968 

mor emore 

in other countries with limited success. 

Santo Domingo it shows that Americans are not 
needed to renovate education. Rather a Jiangc 
of basic structure personnel and political 
orientation are necessary. The Americans prefer to 
leave the system intact seemingly making it a 
bit more functional but in practice this doesn't 

In Santo Domingo where Americans view the 
liberal and nationalist professors as a threat to 
many of their programs Ford Foundation and AID 
helped set up a small private college -- a counter- 
university — on the outskirts oi town. 

Ostensibly, the purpose of the University 
Pedor Henriquez Urena was to intorduce the system 
of the American liberal arts college. Just nke 
in the Ivy League a Board of Trustees and a 
Foundation for raising funds were created. The 
older professors from the autonomous university 
went over to the new school. 

From the start it was the haven for the 
children of the upper class, whose parents did not 
want them becoming politicized m the public 
college. It was also used for training "depoli- 
ticized" government personnel such as workers in 
the cooperative movement and community development, 
whose political orientation has to be closely 
controlled, since they work with the common man. 

The purpose of the community development 
is to convince people that the government and 
Americans care. Other than that “ it doesn't 
change the quality of life." the Americans xn 
charge of evaluating the program told me For 
this type of pacification training the public 
university is too politically charged. 

During the last 5 years, similar private 
colleges have been set up throughout Latin America 
with AID and various foundation funds to provide 
an alternative to the radicalizing atmospheres 
of the autonomous universities. This represents 
first, our traditional foreign policy of superim- 
posing our own systems and customs on other nations. 
But it also incorporates the more modern counter- 
insurgency techniques of isolating ladicais while 
creating depolitic lzed denanonax i zed ant* -revo- 
lutionary cadres more amenable to American domi- 
nation in the hemisphere and capable of aiding 

that poli cy on a local level. _ J>0^ • 



PHILADELPHIA (LNSj- The Resistance staged a 
mock war m Gimbeis Department Store to protest 
the advertisement and sale of war toys this Christ 
mas season 

ADout ten members of the Resistance enacted 
a short drama in which they shot at each other 
with toy weapons and sustained 'wounds'* with 
simulated blood. 

Gimbei’s was chosen as representative of an 
attitude, shared by many toy manufacturers and 
department stores, that war is a game, 

- 30 - 


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dress. Free information will be maned to you, 
MAZE CORP , , Mare Bldg. 1528 Hanley Rd, , 

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People looking for work in other lines should 
write Vocations for Social Change at 20x0 B ST, 
Hayward. Canf. 94541. (classified ad from the 
Clarion - Ledger/ Jackson Daily News.j 
■ 30 - 


What is spotted, purple and tlies? 

•pi T a p3i>pads sdBio am d3MSNV 
- 30 


(*123) Dec. 5 1968 

moi e 


By Michael K.i:c 
11 BE RAT ION News Service 

MONTREAL -l.NS'i -- It should have been a. 

nice quiet weekend, with. t. ^ ■ > one basking in the 
glow of friendship and hm .-.!}• emanating 

from 2,000 delegates fiom Me ''os tern IIci.i > sphere * s 

anti-war organizations Eve..)’ facet of the 
Hemispheric Conference to End the War in Vietnam, 
held in this beautiful city over the Thanksgiving 
Weekend, had been carefully planned to assure 
tranquility All the right calls had boon sent 
out to assure the widest possible participation 
of respectable, adult peace organ ions V he 

conference opened with messages of support t-<;m 
Sen Eugene McCarthy, Brig Gen. Hugh B M ter, 
IKS Army (Ret ), Admiral Arnold E True, IKS. 

Navy (Ret-), and assorted other "leaders’ 1 of the 
U S anti-war movement E»/en the out come of the 
conference was planned in advance: messages of 

support for the heroic Vietnamese and a re dedica- 
tion to the task of organizing mass anti-war 

demonstrations Little was to be said about 

imperialism, racism, or other more controversial 
subjects . 

It should have been a surprise to no vine 
that an insurgent movement would object to the- 
"nice" overtones of the gathering. But the 
meetings liberal and left- liberal sponsors were 
apparently unprepared for the insurgency of black 
activists and white radicals which coalesced on 
the first day of the conference The insurgents 
demanded that the conference ;i dopl an ant i - mnpc - 
rialist stance, and that rigid procedural rules 
be abandoned The black group further demand- J 
that funds be provided to bring Black Panther 
Minister Bobby Seale to the meeting (the Con- 
ference Committee had invited Seale, but refused 
to pay travel costs for the contingent of body- 
guards he required) 

At the first conference session, hold Nov. 

29, at St James United Chur;h in Downtown 

Mont re a. . the agenda was s< •. ;side to permit. 
v.i.Vine :f a s t at t i s-ued by the radical 
caucus , wh i c ii began with the explanation that 
"our purpose in a. t mg this conference was a Tm;; t i on of o-jr commitment to concrete 
supper' o* 7 cue iii ■ ro i c s l ragg l s of the Vietnamese 
people and ef .11 P- ' p ie’s liberation Struggles 
-- it was not t ■ hear - ague resolutions passed 
in s- :t of world ' . " 

Hie radicals uemunded + hat "the tone of this 
conference siioni-.J i o changed from supporting world 
peace to supporting Third World Liberation 
Struggles," and that ''the title of this conference 
be changed £ v om I Lin I spa cm a Conference to End the 
War in Vietnam to Hemispheric Conference to 
Defeat .American Imperialism " 

When the Conference Committee proved hesitant 
In responding to idv'oc demands, the insurgents 
charged the plat form and gained control of the 
mio ophone . While Blank Panthers appealed for 
funds (to fly in Bobby Seale with his escort), 
a bloc of Canadian liberals and Communist Party 
members mounted a counter -offensive against the 
insurgents. lor a while «.r appeared as if the 
conference wcu i d break down into complete chaos; 
at this point, however, u delegation of Vietnamese 
arrived and order wa.-. restored for the time being 
The Vietnamese delegation had co intervene 
frequently to pacify one faction o: another 

As :? result o i he uav's events, an emergenev 
meeting of the Conference Steering Committee was 
called for Friday evening, tc which representatives 
of the tour major caucuses were incited (i-e , the 
two alieady merit Loved plus the "third- wor id" caucus 
composed of Mexican -Amet wans and Spanish- Amen cans . 
and a <vjucus of Quebec separatists). The msurgen r s 
elected one of i no » r own as chairman -- a Panther 
named Zoke i>om Ba 1 1 .n oia. . The original sponsors 
(who had little pervious experience in dealing 
with Black Power o r New Left activists) were by now 
too stunned tc offer mui h resistance tc the 
demands raised by the caucuses. When the white 
radicals and t hi rd-woi i d activists agreed to modify 
t h e i r d cm an d j c. o me s h w t h those of the blacks, a new 
tons c l* i ion pervaded the meeting, which 
made change j j tab * e . 

L I BERA! ION Nows Sore i ee ( ' I do j iu*e 

Page i 3 

J 9uS 


U.S radicals from SDS and the Panthers 
exercized a key role inside the radical caucus, 
arguing that the conference should not be inter- 
rupted beyond repair. They said that continued 
pressure on the American government over the 
issue of the Vietnam War was still a high-priorit 
job of radicals m the U S. , although there has 
been a tendency to place less emphasis on the war 
in recent months - 

According to the resulting agreement inside 
the steering committee, a new roster of workshops 
was substituted for the one originally planned, 
and an expanded steering committee was formed. 

The new workshops included such topics as "The 
Continuing Struggle of Black, Brown and Yellow 
Peoples for Survival and the Assisting Role of 
the White World in that Struggle," and "US. 
Counterinsurgency Techniques Used in Vietnam and 
Their Relevance to All Liberation Struggles in 
the Third World." 

The second conference session, held at the 
Externat Classique de Longueuil (a Roman Catholic 
junior college that was occupied for two weeks 
earlier this year by rebellious students), 
opened up under the auspices of the broadened 
steering committee- Once again, trouble erupted, 
this time precipitated by Latin American 
Communists (of the pro-Soviet variety) who 
objected to any discussion of anti-imperialist 
struggles in their own hemisphere- And once 
again, the timely arrival of Vietnamese dele- 
gates assured order, as all participants tempo- 
rarily shelved their gripes m order to pay tri- 
bute to the delegation of the National Liberation 
Front of South Vietnam. The Vietnamese had been 
granted visas to enter Canada only after con- 
siderable controversy. 

On Saturday afternoon, while most delegates 
attended the crowded workshops, an enlarged 
steering committee met in closed session to pre- 
pare a conference declaration. The statement, 
later adopted by a special plenary session that 
evening, called for recognition of the Vietnam- 
ese independence struggle as "a great contri- 
bution to the common cause of the peoples of the 
world for independence, freedom, peace and 

social progress." While calling for a "week 
of solidarity with the Vietnamese people" 
beginning Dec. 20th (the anniversery of the 
founding of the NLF) , the statement also ack- 
nowledged that "the best way for the oppressed 
people of the world to support the Vietnamese 
people is to fight imperialism m all its forms 
ac cording to their own conditions . " The state- 
ment thus demands that the antiwar struggle 
be related to all liberation movements in- 
cluding the black liberation movement in the 
U.S. A. On this basis, it was finally possible 
for the conference to meet for the final ses- 
sion in the spirit of unity. This spirit was 
heightened by the arrival, finally, of Bobby 
Seale, and by the presentation of some twenty 
draft cards to the NLF delegates, who were 
then invited to burn them in front of the as- 
sembled delegates. This ceremony was concluded 
with the playing of a recording of the NLF an- 
them, to which all present rose with upheld 
fists . 



MONTREAL (LNS) --Among the many dissident 
groups at the Hemispheric Conference to End 
The War in Vietnam was a group of Maoists from 
Montreal who demanded that the meeting condemn 
"Russian imperialism" in Czechoslovakia, Al- 
though originally aligned with the radical 
caucus, which had been formed by New Leftists 
from the U.S., this group ultimately set up 
its own "Anti-Imperialist caucus" which met in 
the new student union at McGill University. 

On the final day of the conference, the 
Maoist contingent let it be known that they 
planned to assault the podium in order to gam 
control of the microphones and then to read 
their own resolutions. The group approached 
the NLF delegation to ask for its support, but 
was told instead not to interfere. The Vietnam- 
ese let it be known that they wanted no dis- 
turbance of this kind, even in the interests 
of the allegedly stronger anti-imperialist po- 
sition advocated by the Maoists. The group then 

Page 14 

LIBERATION News Service (#123) Dec. 5. 1968 

. MORE. 

appealed to the Black Panthers, who had over- 
heard the conversation with the NLF delegates. 
The Maoists were told by an unidentified 
Panther, ’’Didn't you just hear my Vietnamese 
brothers say that they didn’t want any trouble? 
Let’s go over to the back of the room and I’ll 
tell it to you like it is” (or words to that 
effect). The Maoist invaders were not heard 
from again at the conference, but just in case, 
the Panthers provided an honor guard for the 
Vietnamese on the platform, 



by Ralph J Gleason 
LIBERATION News Service 
It's fashionable to be paranoid and the 
world is so much with us and so incredible 
that no fantasy is too far out to be real. 

Thus, if you want to, you can believe that 
the Beatles hassle about John and Yoko’s nude 
cover was a press agent’s stunt I think you're 
hallucinating if you believe that, but I can 
see how the world would shape your thoughts 
that way. 

The pop culture hero of today, unlike even 
James Dean, is so close to us that we can reach 
out and touch him One of the reasons for the 
incredible appeal of the Beatles and Bob Dylan 
is this immediacy, this closeness which ev- 
eryone feels. After all, Dylan said it, didn’t 
he? "I'm everybody's brother and son, I ain’t 
no different than anyone/Am’t no use talkin’ 
to me/ Just the same as talkin’ to you” 

But we do feel that we are they and he is 
me and the rest of it even if John says the Wal- 
rus was Paul That’s why we take it all so 
personally, feel so deeply about it and rejoice 
with the joy of it all. 

One of the biggest fantasy trips of the 
whole Haight/Ashbury Digger scene was the theory 
that, if only they could get to Dylan or the 
Beatles of the Stones, all that power (for 
which read bread) could be utilized- This is 
the wishful thinking that causes people to say 

that Dylan’s "Tar am uj a” h,- no;el which he 
himself withdrew from publication.) does not be- 
long to him but the worid 

Of course it isn't ; ike that at all but 
there is a community and Hie sense of community 
is not restricted ius ■ r •*> i, - There seems to 
me to be some hard e/idcnc.e r hat The Beatles, 
for instance, share the feeling of community 
to some real degree it is not only implicit 
in the content of the words to "Revolution”, 
but it is explicit m Hungs they do. 

The Magical Mystery T ou r , the Beatles' great 
TV film which was refused by TV Networks in this 
country because of severs; minor points and a 
major fear that it was no f a big success (init- 
ial TV reviews of a c.oio' film seen on black 
and white rapped it; has been shown m this 
country on at least four occasions. 

Each of them was for a cause of the commun- 
ity. The Beatles gave the film free, no strings 
attached. The first two times were for the 
strike last spring of the FM underground sta- 
tions in San Francisco and l os Angeles- The 
third time was for the Liberation News Service 
et al in New York and the fourth was late last 
month in San Francisco for the Family Dog/ Avalon 
Ballroom whose dances are being harassed by 
both the city fathers and the landlord. 

In the latter epi-ode, not only did the 
Beatles send a print of the Magical Mystery Tour 
from London to be used for the benefit of the 
Avalon, but they also sent a cable expressing 
their support for she Family Dog people and all 
that they have been doing 

O.K., this won’t win the revolution. But 
they did it and it was a ‘-aluable gesture and 
it helped the Family Dog, ;ust as the use of 
the film helped the FM strikers m the spring. 
And don't forget that the Beatles signed that 
full page advertisement in the London Times 
last year advocating repeal of the marihuana 
laws. And in their authorized biography, the 
Hunter Davies book (which is fascinating, by 
the way even though a Utile leaden in the 
prose department j they lay i T right out there 
on grass and many or her things 

PAGE 15 LIBERATION News Service [#123] Dec. 5, 196S 

They don’t have T c do tin* It 15 still pos- 
sible in this world, if you have the kind of 
bread the Beatles ha^e, to be like Onassis, ab- 
solutely immune to trouble if you are a little 
discreet And they could do this but they 
have instead chosen to be 1 ’ vmselvcs 

That's what the Th;ng , s , of course, They 
are really people Not pup] c t s One can sym- 
pathize with the Monkee-' di » , mm.i as epitomized 
in their film, "Head” but that doesn’t make it 
anything other than their personal dilemma 
The Beatles transcend this -on of thing by 
their art and by their actions 

We may really be into a new thing here that 
hasn't been analyzed completely as yet It is 
involved with money and success and the fact 
that there is a kind of dissent which is prof- 
itable and a kind cf dissenter who is not, and 
that historically almost ail successful dissent- 
ers have been changed by success into conserv- 
atives , 

Looking at all thos e Columbi a advertisements 
for the revolution The Man Can't Bust Our 
Musicj a though^ keeps haunting me They may 
have picked up on something here which has been 
hitherto unsuspected This system may be so 
open, in a curious way, that it will be just 
as possible to make millions out of it by es- 
pousing revolution as it is by manufacturing 

It is certain, y true tha* Dvl-sn has preached 
revolution m more ways than one and is sold 
side by side with Everett Dirkson I find the 
Beatles as revolutionary as Dylan, though then 
revolution is expressed m a different way. 

Follow their assumptions along and you get to 
the same place as if you foi;o* Dyian 

If we are convinced, howee*, of the right- 
eousness of our caure ,AN - uu se • we assume its 
virtues axe obvious to an and when Dylan or 
the Beatles don't respond it can only 
be because they have overtly decided NOT to, 
after having clearly perceived the situation 

It just may be that the way tc change the 
world is to take over Columbia records and/or 
Capitol and bore from witlun' Whether or not 

this is really true, there is something stir- 
ring here, all Fight. We'll see more of it, 
too, believe me. 



LIBERATION News Service 
NEW YORK (LNS)--Mark Rudd has been rejected 
from military service for at least 30 days fol- 
lowing his pre- induction physical and Clark 
Kissinger, who had already passed his physical 
and was scheduled to be inducted this month, 
has been informed he has a minor kidney ailment 
which will prevent his serving m the Armed 
Forces Both men had pledged to enter the 
army if inducted and to organize servicemen 
Commenting m Chicago on the Army's decis- 
ion to declare him physically defective, Kis- 
singer, formerly national secretary of SDS, 
said, "Ithink the real importance of my case-- 
my being ordered to report for induction and 
being reje_ted--is they don't want anti-war 
organizers m the Army and that the punitive 
draft is ineffective in dealing with people 
who are willing to be drafted." 

Kissinger, now a staff correspondent of the 
Guardian, explained his decision to report foi 
induction if called: "The government was try- 
ing to bait me into refusing induction so it 
could pur me m jail for five years. I called 
their bluff." 

Kissinger had pledged that if he were draft- 
ed he would "organize the anti-war, anti-biass 
underground m the army" and said he had been 
"fully prepared to go into the army." 

In New iork, Mark Rudd held a press confer- 
ence on November 30 m which he described as 
"somewhat slim" his chances of obtaining a 
11 -A occupational deferment as a revolutionary 
He had based his request for a II-A upon the 
claim that his occupation as revolutionary was 
"vLtal to the national interest." All along, 
however, lie had been openly stating, "If forced 
tc, I will enter the army; however, I will con- 
tinue 01 ganizmg from within the Army as I have 
done outside, since my life is committed to 

I a HERAT JON News Service [*123] Dec 5, 1968 

PAGE 16 

the revolutionary movement for freedom, democ- 
racy, and peace M 


by Mark Rudd 
LIBERATION New- be i re 
[Editor's note: 'I he f« .Lowing is a state- 
ment issued by Mark Rudd to c\pj in his stand 
on his possible induction into the IJ.S. Army. 

He was called for a physical but get a 50 day 
reprieve pending further examination.] 

On October 21, 1968, Selective Service 
System Local Board #14, Irvington, N J., re- 
classified me I-A Three weeks later, I filed 
an appeal for a I I -A deferment on the grounds 
that my occupation, revolutionary, is /itai to 
the national interest. I have thus far re- 
ceived no reply from the Board, and my hopes 
of attaining a Il-A deferment are somewhat slim. 

My stand on induction into the U.S. Army 
is as follows: If forced to, I will enter the 
army; however, I will continue organizing with- 
in the Army as I have done outside, since my 
life is committed to the revolutionary movement 
for freedom, democracy, and peace. 

Though I understand and respect the thous- 
ands who have fled the country or have resisted 
the draft and submitted to long prison terms 
(almost always longer for blacks;, L will not 
choose either of these alternatives. I see 
organizing m the Armed Forces as an essential 
means of extending the movement which is grow- 
ing now among students. Blacks, and other por- 
tions of the American people 

Organizing in the Army is significant for 
two reasons: First, the U.S Armed Forces is 

the major tool for conquest and maintenance of 
the economic and political empire which is the 
goal of U.S. Big Business and government. Sec- 
ondly, there is growing discontent among GI's 
at having to fight a brutal war they do not want, 
at being pushed around by the Brass and lifers, 
at being denied their elemental human and Con- 
stitutional rights (such as the right tc polit- 
ical associationj GI’s, through their 

everyday Lives, see r he contradi ct ion between 
what the Army and politicians say they are 
fighting for, and the truth-maintenance of 
a b r u t a j , i n h urn a n s / *' e m 

Almost every base* at home and abroad, has 
seen in recent months -portaneou c rebellions 
against the war, : a c j sin , a r.d the arbitrary pow- 
er of the Officer^ ant) non-coms. It ^s well- 
known to every GI, but nor. to civilians, that 
stockades now, as never before, are filled to 
two or three times their capacities, that on 
some bases court -ma r t ra » boards are up to a year 
behind their case -loads and that desertions and 
AWOI. 5 are at unprecedented peaks (for recent 
times). Let me cite some specific examples. 

in August of this year, nearly a hundred 
black Crs at Ft. Hood, Texas, protested being 
ordered for so-called "riot control duty" at the 
Democratic Convention j n Chicago. Forty-three 
were arrested and ceui t-murti aled . 

August also saw major rebellions against over- 
crowding, rotten conditions, and humiliations in 
military prisons at Danang and Longbmh, Vietnam. 
Many of the prisoners were there because they saw 
the truth about the war --that they had been 
pushed into fighting against the people of Viet- 
nam, not for them. Others are there for stand- 
ing up to the brutalities and racism officers in- 
flicted upon them. 

At San Francis; o' s Presidio, 27Gis saw one 
of their buddies- -an emotionally disturbed 19 
year old, brutally shot to de<ath by a guard, and 
then protested by refusing to obey further or- 
ders. They are presently being tried for mut- 
iny, a charge carrying a possible death sentence 

Over 500 active duty q i3 supported by 15,000 
civilians and resc.rvi.sts, marched against the war 
m Vietnam on October ) 2 , in San Francisco. 

Many units have had thei^ orders for Vietnam 
cancelled by sabotaging their equipment, disobey- 
ing orders, and " v aismg hell." Other units have 
been disbanded or reassigned due to low morale 
Major rebellions have occurred at Ft. Bragg, North 
Carolina, Ft.. Sill, Oklahoma, Ft. Campbell, Ken- 
tucky, Ft. Cars on , Colorado, Ft. Lewis, Washing- 
ton, the Brooklyn Naval Stat ion--the list is too 

PAGE 17 

LIBERAL TON News Service 

Dec. 5, 1968 

long to give here 

Besides major rebellions, individuals have 
been harassed, imprisoned, or discharged for 
practicing their element aJ rights as human beings 
and as Americans Gls arc threatened with court- 
martial for possession of underground anti-army 
newspapers (such as '.’The Bond", "Vietnam G 1", 
and local papers- -perfect iy regal:, for talk- 
ing about the need for a un.'-:a to protect their 
rights (such as the American Servicemen's 
Union--also perfect iy legai j , and even for speak- 
ing up against the wax 

For more than a year now, two black Marines, 
Pfc. George Daniels and Cpl Bill Harbey, have 
been imprisoned at the Disciplinary Bar- 
racks at Portsmouth, N J Harbey and Daniels 
were convicted for saying m a barracks discus- 
sion that black men should not be fighting m 
the white man’s war against Vietnam At a quiet- 
ly arranged kangaroo court with an officer act- 
ing as defense attorney, the result was 10 years 
for Daniels and 6 years for Harbey - 

At Fort Dix, N J , regulation 210-27 pro- 
hibits the distribution of leaflets and other 
printed matter that is "m bad taste”, "prej- 
udicial to good order", or "subversive". Be- 
fore a recent demonstration ca^ed by SDS and 
the National Mobilization as a part of National 
GI week, all Gis on the base were forced to sign 
an affidavit pledging themselves to obey the reg- 
ulations before being issued weekend passes 

Gls are forced into the Army by the draft, 
forced to fight m Vietnam against their wills, 
abused and mistreated by officers and lifers 
as part of "normal" army life, and aie forced 
to live as virtual siave$--in physical and 
political sense 

1 will enter the Army as many other rev- 
olutionary students are now doing, m order to 
help in whatever way I can another section of 
Americans who are being oppressed daily. 

Sons of Wallace supporters are radical- 
ized by the Army every day; they are organiz- 
ing resistance within the service In this way 
the movement broadens and deepens itself. 

An army of men who think and make their 

Lj. BE R AT i ON News Service 

own decisions based on their beliefs m democ- 
racy--mcluding their opposition tc the build- 
ing of an American Empire--and who are organized 
m their own interests, is one of the most dan- 
gerous contingencies that faces the rulers of 
our country. As students throughout the country 
have learned, the way tc fight our own oppres- 
sion is to unite ourselves and also to unite 
with other sectors of society. It is this union- 
a democratic revolutionary movement - -that 1, 
along with many others, hope tc further by org- 
anizing in the Armed Forces. 


I have before/an officer’s Swagger stick Not 
belonging to an officer of the British Imperial 
Army of sixty years ago, but an officer m the 
so called "democratic" United States Army of 
1968. Most Americans do not even know such 
sticks exist, veterans choose to forget them 
But these sticks are the symbol of the arbitrary 
and brutal power of officers in our Armed Forces, 
power to force men to fight against their broth- 
ers in Vietnam, power to force men to lose their 
lives so that the power of the officers and the 
men behind them is maintained. It is this power, 
the power of the small class that controls and 
exploits our country, commits racist genocide 
in Vietnam and m the ghettos at home, murders 
thousands of Americans and millions of others, 
all in the name of Free Enterprise; it is this 
power that will one day be smashed by the power 
of the American Gls and American people fight- 
ing together for their freedom, Must as I can 
break this stick. 


By Jean-Paul Mi lion 
LIBERATION News Service 
WEST PALM BEACH, Fla. (LNS)--Four staff mem- 
bers of the newly-revived Florida Free Press 
have been charged by West Palm Beach County 
Authorities with possession of obscene material 
and possession of marijuana 

The bust came last month, shortly after they 
had entered this resort town in a station wagon 
laden with 5,000 copies of the paper to be deliv- 
ered to Romeo Rivard, former Free Press editor 


PAGE 18 

Dec. 5, 1968 

who gave up last spring when he was arrested on 
the same charges. 

The four were taken into custody after a 
county deputy sheriff stopped their car and 
carried a copy of the newspaper back to his un- 
marked car where his wife, who had come along 
for the ride, promptly she found the 
newspaper objectionable. Later an extensive 
search of the car produced a seed which a mem- 
ber of the county vice squad identified as 
mari juana. 

Aftei the four staffers had been searched, 
police presented their newly-discovered dope 
fiend pornographers to the local press where, 
with a squad of 15 officers surrounding them 
(some carrying riot guns) they were frisked 
again for the benefit of TV cameras, and then 
placed in jail where they caught themselves 
that night on the 11 P.M news. 

They spent the next three and a half days 
in a cell with 15 others, and eventually were 
released on $2,000 bail each. 

The alledged obscenity was contained in a 
cartoon strip which the Free Press had reprinted 
from Liberation News Service which made the 
rather indelicate reference to a "fucking family. 
The edition was the first issue of the paper to 
be published in more than six months. The 
group, however, is already planning their second 
issue, a special on the bust. 

Charles Gary, a member of the paper’s ed- 
itorial board, said he expects to have the case 
dismissed when they go to court later this month. 
He claims the search of the car was illegal be- 
cause it was made prior to their arrest and be- 
cause the use of the word "fucking” will not be 
judged obscene. 




WASHINGTON (LNS)--The various Congressional 

hearings into the Chicago massacre and the New 

Left may investigate the role of the press. Many 

on Capitol Hill believe there was a conspiracy 

on the part of the television networks and large 
PAGE 19 L1BERAT ION News Service 

newspapers to discredit our democratic system and 
the Democratic Party by reporting on the activ- 
ities of the demonstrators and on the police 
brutal i ty . 

(Dick Tracy motto for the cops: If you crack a 
journal i st's head open ho will discover you have 
been doing this for years.) 

Two weeks ago. President Frank Stanton, Pres- 
ident of the Columbia Broadcasting System announced 
over lus air waves that such an investigation would 
constitute a grave danger to freedom of the press. 

Furthermore, he was annoyed that after CBS 
news broadcast a program on "Hunger in America" 
m May, Secretary of Agriculture Orville L. 

Freeman accused the network of "shoddy journal- 
ism." Freeman demanded equal TV time to reply, 
according to an AP repoit, and when refused, he 
threatened to work for even more stringent stat- 
utory requirements against television. 


LIBERATION News Service 
WASHINGTON (LNS)--No editors of the under- 
ground press were invited to the National Con- 
ference of Editorial Writers, held in California 
" last month. So we have excerpted a few recommen- 
dations made by the main speaker, Covey T. Oli- 
ver, Assistant Secretary of State and coordinator 
of the Alliance for Progress, in case you wanted 
to follow his guidelines 

"First, at a very basic level, we are all on 
the same team. We want the best for the rest 
of the hemisphere, because that best is also the 
best , in the longer run, for the United States. 

Does this seem too obvious to need saying? I can 
assure you that my job would be easier if all of 
the forces that make up our policy were clearly, 
wholl) and steadily aware of this. A great part 
of the American genius is cooperation, in the 
national interest, of policy makers, newspapermen, 
businessmen, scholars, and members of the pro- 
fessions This is not entirely the case in all 
countries. Some Latin Americans, m fact have-- 
without deep Thought-- interpreted the cooperation 
between interested citizens and then government 
as some kind of 19th century impei lalist plot, 

123 ) 

Dec. 5, 1968 

which it also is not 

U 1 wonder whether it might not be possible 
to create a deeper interest on the part of the 
readers by saying something about glowing 
successes as well as disasters, ...Granted that I 
do not expect to see many headlines like "IJ.S. 

Arms Not Used to Overthrow Reformist Regime 1, or 
' Colombia Becomes Model of Democratic Development" 

. o . But I still hope that thexe might be more good 
interpretive articles and editorials.... 

"It seems to me that the enormous U.S. role 
in the collection and transmission of the 
Hemisphere's news gives us a special responsibility 
for keeping the hemisphere better informed. 

"...There are old and important commercial 
ties, and much good has and will continue to come 
from them. But with Latin Americans there is a 
communications problem here too. We must always 
be sure that we show ourselves as we really are. 

In default of this, too many Latin Americans - 
especially the young, will continue to believe 
outmoded Marxist notions that developed nations 
are inevitable imperialistic exploiters of under- 
developed areas " 


TT + + T + -frTt r TT * , 'rf*TT-»-TTT~rTT-»-» TTT-r T»T-»T'* - T + T rff + + + + t4 



LIBERATION News Service 

NEW YORK C LNS J - A number of radical 
scientists believe they may have determined the 
secret active ingredient of MACE. The suspect 
is DMSO dimethy isulfoxide whose formula is 
CH 3 S=0. This is a dipolar aprotic solvent, which 
means that unlike water it tends to accept 
rather than donate protons or hydrogen ions to 
chemicals dissolved m it, A few years ago : 
when paper companies were producing 

DMSO as an unused by product it was discovered 
that the chemical penetrated epidermal tissues 
very rapidly 

One amusing side of this is that you taste 
the chemical after you have dipped your hand m 

it, the sulfur taste stimulates the taste Duds 
through the blood supply after crossing the skin 
into the blood. 

A not-so- amusing aspect is the fact that 
chemicals that are ordinarily rejected by the 
skin (such as local anesthetics,, tear gasses 
etc.) may be carried through to their targets 
(the little naked nerve endings and receptors 
m the skin layers) by DMSO. 

About two years ago ; inquiries were made 
about the harmful side effects of the medical 
use of DMSO (among them inflammation of the skin 
and lesions of the cornea) and the product was 
medically restricted. But it may still be used 
in riot control agents. 

The contents of MACE are not public and 
since MACE is a spray and not a cloud agent, 
the suspicion arises that DMSO is used m MACE 
in order to enhance its strength. 


LIBERATION News Service 

NEW YORK (LNS) -- Several recent discoveries 
concerning the relative logical potentials of men 
and computers have led to somewhat contradictory 
results. In terms of pure reasoning power and 
memory ability, machines have it all over men* 

But N 0 S. Sutherland has unveiled findings which 
show the machine to be much more vulnerable to 
breakdowns than the durable human brain,, 

Machines appear to be superior to men m the 
mechanics of the logical process. For instance;, 
the reset time, or the time needed for clearing 
one logic circuit in a brain or the computer to 
prepare it for new information, is about 0.01 
seconds in humans and 0.0000001 seconds m 
computers. The cell transfer rate for humans is 
10 to 20 bits/sec.; for machines, it is 6 000 bits/ 
sec. The memory storage rate: humans, about 

1 bit/sec. in long-range memory; machines about 

1.000. 000 bits/sec.; memory capacity humans 

1.000. 000.000 bits/lifetime, machines about 30 000 000 


lifetime. This ^sm31 lei figure for the computer is 
due to the longer life of men and the fact that 
there is a higher turnover of information m men.. 

Page 20 

LIBERATION News Service (*123) Dec. 5, 1968 

. . .MORE , oo 

the f i n.i’ii* \ a i 

while a computer retains much the same into 
during its entire "life span " 

But machines also appear to he more fiagilr 
than men. Sutherland's article in Science 
Journal (4 Oct. 1968, page 44 j analyzes the 
effect on the total behavior compute! s and hr;, m. 
of a malfunctioning in one of ^he r component 
parts or areas. In compute :s. he points out. Hu* 
result of the tiniest flaw ;n ;hw me'hanisin cun 
be a total breakdown of the logical process m 
the computer. The human brain, however, ian 
stand extreme emotional and physical pressure and 
can survive operations which remove portion.', of 
the brain. Thus the old adage that it take* a 
man to fix a machine is borne out by scientnhv 
research . 



LIBERATION News Service 

NEW YORK (LNS) -- The whole question of the 
relation of science to society is taken up m an 
article by Amitai Etzioni in Science magazine 
(Sept. 13 issue). Beginning with a rather 
specific discussion of the social feasibility 
of the control of sex in humans (technically 
it may be feasible in a few years) ^ Etzioni 
broadens the discussion to consider the general 
problem of technology of society. 

Can or should we try to "pace" technology, 
with social effects in mind? 

One of his points is that this kind of pacing 
or control already exists de facto j even 
without institutional control (e g. , after a 
thalidomide panic, the drug companies find it 
harder to bring out any new product) 

This is counter to the argument that mo*’, 
scientists will give you -- that any control 
bad. They ask the proverbial question. Who 
controls? Now, given the alternative of k- 
facto control by the increasing numbers of 
people ("consumers") who resent and fear 
("irrationally," of course j the Age of the 
Computer, most scientists are thought to In- v<;-' 
willing to submit to more formal .unt a i J : 
government technocrats than already ouso ,n 

Page 21 LIBERATION News Sen -.c 

<i : i ■ cl n t rai t ua 1 realm, 
ism p i a- i vk »■ • gu Ik- *y agency might help 
m laiih n t he . oir.ed masses, yearning for 
credit ;.iUl I that work, but who are net 

very .ire -v-.-Ku j n enhancing their names for 
1 1 1 1 ji« } > c i s in t h . • , > r o < e > s 


I e i j a 1.1 S’lunhNIS (JIM ON STRIKE 
l . i BE !' \ f ! ON News Se rv i ce 

'"'ON : Kr.A I. ;E0Sj After t-'O months of 
ha rgai u : ■ i . ; an : d i sen* .*> . ona with the^r teachers, 
Mcuiii I'm cl': r.; students in political science 
have gone out . a ioki Eh ly are boycotting 
■ 1 an*.! oiiuj ucd a building 

The a j 1 1 a'urscs that do not merely 

Jcs< n he *I.e* quo ar«d have already begun 
counter courses 

I he,, are -.k m oul i ’• ; access to faculty 
meeting*, t > -uv * i t ,-ient a 1 decision-making bodies, 
and to Oie j! , i . • i . . 1 f O'.ies that appoint professors. 

Be. o.o .No • 'V- , the * t r l ke reportedly has 100% 

support i r- w : t !t i n t he department. . 

• 3d 


NAD i SON , (LNSj District Attorney 

James Bull Ea ~ hits, unable to find a single person 
te testify or. h i s Side : r. an obscenity case 
against a Imri /■.* , cy ol Wisconsin co-ed and the 
d.rector of a play in win eh she allegedly 
appeared nude So the « .-.barges are being dropped. 

A crowd of iioie than 1,000 persons witnessed 
the presentation of Peter Pan, which included a 
10 miiiu-e dance s^.nerit depicting the creation 
of Never-Never land • i :i the nude 

’ •No of!- ■ i ! s -.n a comp laint said Boil 
despui r m J ' ( r there <>re those who believe 
r he pi :g w.-, < . ... r'; of art " 

coil . .•> e uu’-t J • forced to drop the 
as i • e.. t tin da . Carolyn Purdy and 

r be • * •- ’ •• • , k -- O', r Eai who recently took 

C. r if . ! ; • ^ n ■ c . 


) be. /doS MORE... 

LIBERATION News Service 

NEW YORK (LNS)--Ever since Project Camelot 
(the one the Army called a study of social change 
in South America), the status of the behavioral 
and social sciences with regard to their financial 
patron, the U.S. Government, has been a little 

In the battle to wrest government funds from 
the natural sciences, social scientists have played 
along with the needs of the State Department, the 
CIA and the military for information in such fields 
as controlling mass human behavior, mapping jungle 
terrain, combatting "unrest" through pacification 
programs in the underdeveloped countries, etc. 

In the vanguard are the Area Studies insti- 
tutes whose findings on the more obscure areas of 
the world help U.S. policy makers maintain hege- 
mony in order to tap their resource potential in 
the coming years. 

These institutes developed as a direct re- 
sult of "the-natives- are-restless" movements in 
the late fifties and early sixties. The response 
of these social scientists (the anthropologists 
have been helpful all along) has earned the grati- 
tude of the Defense Department and other government 
agencies, which now finance research in areas not 
directly related to the needs of U.S. policy planners. 

The government has also seen the advantages 
of financing projects of a purely academic nature. 

On the one hand, it helps legitimize the blatantly 
military and political research missions while 
forcing these projects to continue by holding power 
over large segments of "innocent"research activities. 
On the other hand, the government realizes that the 
large amounts of independent and government research 
even when it is not a direct extension of the acti- 
vities of the state might lead to important unex- 
pected discoveries that could be useful in main- 
taining imperialist political and economic interests. 

Thus, as Science magazine staff writer John 
Walsh points out (Science, 161, Spet . 13, 1968, 
page 1112), about 30% of the total overseas be- 
havioral and social science research conducted in 
1967 was financed by the Pentagon. 

Now, with the expected money freeze in gov- 
ernment and institution-supported basic research 
in ail fields, the behavioral/social people would 
like to see other disciplines take the loss. As 
the physicists, and later the chemists and bio- 
logists did, they have prepared a report on the 
reasons why their research is worth support. 
Apparently, they have tended to the "join’em 
rather that beat ’em" philosophy, requesting more 
participation of social/behavioral people in the 
President’s Science Advisory Committee (PSAC) and 
also in the Office of Science and Technology (OST) , 
two of the main general policy setting boards for 
the relation of the government to science. 

Somewhat optimistically, the report suggests 
that the State Department, etc., should be asked 
to set their priorities, but that the adminis- 
tration of the cash should be through independent 
agencies such as the National Science Foundation 
(NSF) or National Institutes of Health (NIH) . 

(It was the NSF that witheld legitimate grant 
money from Dr. Smale, the mathematician who made 
the mistake of speaking out against Vietnam 
policy, apparently because they were shaken up 
at the prospect of punishment from Congress.) 


DETROIT (LNS) -- Amerika’s automobile 
industry turned out its 10 millionth vehicle 
last week, according to a report in Ward’s 
Automotive Reports. 

The car-men are out- doing their 1967 
performance in production of the little metallic 
boxes which make such a fine contribution to 
clean air. In all of 1967, the industry produced 
a total of 8,992,269 cars and trucks. 

With car and truck production running 22% 
ahead of last year, the industry scheduled heavy 
overtime last week, the report said. 

The auto boom comes just at a time when 
Movement for a Democratic Society (MDS) in New 
York City is developing plans for an assault on 
the auto industry’s contribution to waste, sickness 
and death in American society. 

- 30 - 

PAGE 22 

LIBERATION News Service (123) Dec. 5, 1968 



By Paul Steiner 
LIBERATION News Service 

NEW YORK (LNSj -• Friday was the day after 
Thanksgiving and it would have been a holiday if 
the teachers hadn't been on .strike for seven weeks. 
They wanted to make back the money they lost and, 
as always, the students were ihe ones who had to 

Friday was the day after Thanksgiving and 

1.000 students stood outside Van Buren High 
School and shouted '’No ” Friday was the day 
the students at Boys' High ran into the streets 
and said we're not going to work off a racist 
strike. Friday was the day 47% of New York’s 

300.000 high school students boycotted their 
schools . 

Monday, Dec, 2. at noon, 1,500 students 
rallied in Greenwich Village's Washington Square. 
The cops were uptight and tried to refuse to let 
us march out of the park. We took the subways 
out to Ocean Hill - Brownsville in Brooklyn to 
show our solidarity with the community out there 
and to protest the suspension of the community- 
controlled governing board* The cops charged in, 
swinging clubs drooling and snorting at the 
delicious thought of beating on some hippies and 
niggers. They picked the wrong group. High 
school students have been stepped on once too 
often. Bottles and rocks went down with the 
nightsticks. (’’The time is right for fighting 
in the streets” — Mick Jagger) 

By Tuesday everybody knew the demands of 
the strike -- eliminate the 45 extra minutes 
of school-time every day,, and the extra school 
days, and give the students power over the 
decisions (like the strike settlement) which 
affect us. Fifteen hundred students charged into 
one subway station in the East New York section of 
Brooklyn, hurdling the turnstiles. Four hundred 
students from the predominantly black Lane H.S. 
picketed their school and then invaded another 
subway station* Two hundred students swarmed 
into still another station. 

From Washington Square, about i 500 students 
were led up to City College. We thought we were 
going out to Ocean Hill but it turned out that the 
people with the big banner (who we were all 
following) wanted us to go up to City Coliege 
to hear Stokely Carmichael It was the most 
gloriously angry crowd I’ve ever been a part of 
but everyone was all hung up on following leaders. 
Once we got uptown about 500 of us decided to try 
to liberate Music and Art H.S, down the block* 

Somehow we got stopped by the ’’leaders” again. 
Probably, some sort of behind the scenes bargaining 
went down, because the word was definitely out to 
keep cool that day, and no more radical voice got 
to the microphone. Later, 500 students from 
Brandeis H.S. came sweeping up from mid-Manhattan 
but nothing was happening, so we all went inside and 
dug Stokely’ s speech. 

Wednesday, Dec* 4, was wet. The rain really 
slowed us down. And it gave the authorities a 
chance to start the repression. About 75 students 
were arrested, everyone they recognized was called 
down and suspended, public address systems crackled 
out announcements about proper channels and punish- 
ment, and 60 truant officers were sent to ’’key” 
schools . 

Of course, they still can’t understand that it s 
not the 45 minutes extra school-time we rioted 
about -- it’s the whole system. 


+ + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + ■+“ + + +++■ + ■+'*«- + ^ + + + 4- f T+ ■*•»■ + + 4 + T T T T T + T* ♦ 


CHARLESTON, W. Va. (LNS) -- "It is shocking 
that life becomes so unbearable that men over 55 
commit suicide almost four times more frequently 
than younger men,” an official of the Office of 
Economic Opportunity, Genevieve Blatt. said here 
on Nov. 19. She linked the high suicide rate 
in older people to poverty. 

Citing figures prepared by the National 
Institute of Health, Miss Blatt said that 11 
persons in every 100,000 in the United States 
commit suicide. 


Page 23 

LIBERATION News Service (£123) 

Dec. 5, 1968 



By Ita Jones 
LIBERATION News Service 

The first home-made soup I ever laid eyes on 
(aside from those my mother made for me when I 
was young and baby food in I'urope after the war 
was non-existant ) was in the mountain cabin of 
Stan Brackage one Colorado Christmas Eve, four 
years ago* 

The white donkey out back seemed to be 
enjoying the snow and six or seven naked 
children (all their own j played and talked 
while the carrot tops and outer lettuce leaves 
simmered on the stove for Christmas dinner. When 
we ate, it was, of course, quite plain tasting, 
but interesting enough to weave permanently into 
my mind the associaton of winter with soup, and 
Christmas as a time when the only thing that 
needs to be given is "an experience" -- as 
Brackage gave me with his huge chilly cabin. 

His electronic music which he said was 
written long before the machines to play it were 
invented, the slim book of snowflakes, and the 
long discussion of his film -- and how he was 
especially interested at that time in recreating 
on film the images one "sees" when one f s eyes are 
pressed closed for some minutes. 

I walk through Manhattan m the early morning 
on my way to work and look at all the crap in the 
windows. And every night the people have their 
arms full of it for Christmas "giving." It is 
a hard time for the working class and poor who 
feel the need to spend a lot on decorations, food 
and gifts which no one would buy for himself -- 
and yet it is a matter of having been seduced by 
the media, which must be escaped afresh every 

The cranberries the glazed ham, the stuffed 
turkey -- I push it ail from me now and share 
instead the first soup I made, which is still 
the best, and which I hope will serve as an 
introduction to soup-making -- a subject which I 
-would like to venture into further as the 
winter falls. 

1. Brown in a few tablespoons oil 1 soup bone 
(meaty) and 1 onion chopped. 

2. Add just enough tumeric to make the onions 
yellow, one and one half tsp. salt,, pinch of 
pepper, 5 whole cloves, 2 bay leaves, one- half 
thyme and pinches of allspice and sage (several 
pinches in fact) and saute for 2 minutes* 

3. Add one-and-one-half to two quarts water, 
part of which can be liquids saved from cans of 

vegetables (corn juice is especially good) and 
about 4 tblsp. barley or rice. 

4. Cover and simmer slowly for about 2 hours 
adding water as necessary. 

5. Now add 2 or 3 medium, raw potatoes , a 
couple of carrots cut up and any left over vege- 
tables and noodles you have on hand, and either 1 
pkg • of Wyler f s Veg. Soup (10<t) or a small can 
stewed tomatoes or a real one chopped. Cook 
another 1/2 hour or until vegetables are tender 0 

6. While the soup continues to simmer a few 
minutes, remove the meat from the pot and when 
it is cool enough to handle, cut the meat from 
the bone, dice and return into the soup and 
turn off the flame. 

7. Let the soup stand for 5 minutes before 
serving with a simple salad and good cheese and 
bread. Cheap red wine goes well with soup, pro- 
bably because it is the staple drink m countries 
where this sort of soup has long been made. 

We can 1 1 all live in the Rockies, away from 
the onslaught of The American Christmas, which 
grows more obscene every year. It is not even 
near the realm of religion or I would disregard 
it. It is in every sense oppressive to the wor- 
ker and the poor. It is Capitalism's highest 
holiday, and it must go. 




Polonius : ...What do you read, my lord? 

Hamlet: Words, words, words. 

-- "Hamlet," Act. II, Scene II 


Page 24 

LIBERATION News Service (#123) Dec. 5, 1968 

. . .MORE*. * 


By Todd Git 1 in and Alien Young 
LIBERATION News Service 

SAN FRANCISCO t^LNS; While black, white 
and third-world radical students continue mili- 
tant struggle in the stucienc strike at San 
Francisco State College mu, h of the established 
black leadership of the Bay Area has mobilized 
itself in support of the strike. 

Students have avoided confrontations leading 
to mass arrests by using a variety of tactics. 

But as hundreds of heavily armed cops invaded 
the campus, close combat between cops and students 
took place* leading to several injuries (of both 
cops and students) and dozens of arrests. 

Several off-campus biack leaders, who were 
first invited to the campus by the Black Student 
Union (BSU) , met with the college's new president, 
S.I. Hayakawa on Dec,, 4. Hayakawa stormed out of 
the meeting, however and when the black leaders 
held a press conference shortly afterwards, 
their tone was forceful. 

Dr c Cartleton Goodlett editor of the Sun- 
Reporter., a locai black bourgeois newspaper, 
said. "Some of us are ready to die in this 
struggle. This is our struggle If this doesn’t 
stop, there are going to be some gun-toting 
senior citizens on the campus to protect the 
students „ " 

The struggle on the campus escalated sharply 
Tuesday morning Dec. 3, alter Hayakawa vowed to 
use police power to keep the campus open. Picket 
lines in front of buildings -- with 20 or so in 
each line - asked students to support strike 
demands concerning the status and rights of 
blacks and other students. 

A police captain directed his Tactical 
Squad onto the campus and toward one of the 
picket lines, All of a sudden a contingent of 
15 cops broke and attacked the line. Those who 
could escape did so but others were beaten 
badly. Cops pursued some into the crowded 
Commons, a campus cafeteria, and arrested eight 
after beating them badly too,, The scene was a 
lot like Chicago, The administration strategy 

LIBERATION News Service 

was to break up picket lines and prevent us 
from holding a rally. 

But the crowd gathered in front of the Com 
mons and about 2,500 listened as Willie Brown 
a State Assemblyman, the Rev. Cecil Williams 
a minister, and Ron Heliums, a city council- 
man from Berkeley, made speeches in support of 
the strike. 

The students and their supporters decided 
to march on the Behavioral and Social Sciences 
building, but the "Tack” Squad appeared from 
two directions. The crowd dispersed and re 
grouped, continually battling the cops for more 
than an hour. Windows were broken. Furniture 
was smashed. Students used the legs of chairs 
and tables as weapons The cops, winging clubs 
attacked in a variety of formations. 

By the end of a day, 43 persons were arres 
ted, including one faculty member. Many were 
charged with felonies, such as aggravated assault 
and are still in jail. Several students were 
injured, some with concussions. At least five 
cops were injured One cop was hospitalized 
with a broken collar bone, an injury suffered 
at the hands of a student wielding a metal pipe 

On the next day, Wed., Dec. 4. the students 
abandoned picket lines and stuck to the mass 
rally tactic for the purposes of bunding morale 
and support for the strike. While the strike 
clearly seemed to have the support of a majority of 
the students, Hayakawa reiterated his claim that 
90% of the students were in classes. 

At a noon rally, 5,000 students gathered to 
hear several visiting blacks speak. These in- 
cluded Terry Francois, San Francisco County 
Supervisor, once described as 'Tom s Tom " who 
joined black teachers and others m vowing that 
the fight will go on. 

The cops stood by, 600 strong, as the 
Black Student Union leadership directed a massive 
march around the campus several times, the crowd 
chanting "ON STRIKE, SHUT IT DOWN." 

The police then pronounced the assembly 
illegal, and threatened to break it up and make 
arrests. When the city’s black leaders inter 
vened, the cops repeated t he order to disperse 

23) Dec. 5, 1968 

Page 25 

. . . MORE 


The BSU made a decision to .-pin. 

The people here continue to feel good 
about choosing new tactics m a new situation. When 
the cops seemed ready to make mass arrests., the stu- 
dents decided it was cool to leave. 

Later. Hayakawa inter -i the Mill ford Act to 
close the campus to ail but an and students, hut 
this was not immediately enforced. 

San Francisco Mayor Joseph Alioto has iden- 
tified himself closely with Hayakawa. The duo ap- 
peared on a half-hour CBS broadcast, but as they 
talked, the screen showed film footage of cops 
manhandling students on the campus. Alioto was 
asked to comment on alleged reports of police bru- 
tality, and he said he had ’'impartial observers*’ 
making reports to him. He later said these obser- 
vers were members of the working press, which wasn’t 
surprising, given the hard-line coverage that has 
been characteristic of the local press. 

A group of conservative students calling 
themselves the Committee tor an Academic Environ- 
ment gained the support of the campus and city 
officialdom. On campus however, their partisans, 
wearing blue armbands seemed to be mostly jocks -- 
and not more than a hundred at that, 

The faculty continues to be upset at the 
appointment of Hayakawa Dy the trustees -- done 
without any reference to the faculty presidential 
selection committee. The head of the academic se- 
nate, Prof. Leo McClatchy challenged Hayakawa to a 
debate -- but there was no response. 

Hayakawa is hardly a sympathetic figure. 
Many describe him as 1 crazy ” When he was appoin- 
ted, one reporter was unabie to find anyone, student 
or professor, who was enthusiastic about the choice. 

A group called the Ad Hoc Japanese Ameri- 
can Committee Concerned With the San Francisco 
State Crisis, representing solid citizen Japanese- 
Americans in San Francisco, said that Hayakawa 
is not representative of the community. 

On campus, the American Federation of 
Teachers resolved to seek strike sanction from the 
Central Labor Council of the aPl-CIO. In the case 
a professor s strike is Called., teacher picket lines 
are almost certain to be honored by other unions. 


By Victoria Smith 
LIBERATION News Service 
WASHINGTON, D. C (LNS) - - When is a freak 
not a freak? 

When he's a narc . 

The one we're thinking of is responsible 
for the arrests of more than 20 people during 
the weekend of Nov. 24 in the nations capital. 

According to Peter Novick, in the Wash- 
ington Free Press, the agent, known as Larry 
Eliot or "Ellie”, started infiltrating the 
hip community late last summer, 

Eliot, kids report, dropped acid, smoked 
grass, took speed -- the whole bit. He also 
bought and sold drugs 

He dressed in slightly-too-faddish style 
to be a real hippy, it seems. Kids thought 
he was a rich student from the University of 
Maryland who dug the drug scene. Unfortunately, 
they also trusted him enough to do business 
with him. 

On the night of the bust, Eliot told 
several different groups of kids that he had 
a kilo of grass and wanted help cleaning and 
selling it. Leading in his red convertible,* 
Eliot drove carloads of kids into an ambush of 
narcotics and regular district cops 

Eliot hod done his job. He knew which 
people were selling, which were just holding. 

The Free Press reports that unserved warrants 
are still out. 

Charges were filed under the Dangerous 
Drug Act Violation, Marijuana Tax Act Violation, 
Drug Abuse Control and Harrison Narcotic Act. 
Bail was set from $500 to $2500 for each count. 

The Free Press is looking into the Eliot 
case and into other incidents that smell of 
agent , 


+ + + + + + f + + + + t + + + + + t + + + t + + + tt + +f + + r + t + '"*-l-r ; 


'’Remember, you're still human beings, 
so don’t let them treat you like animals.” 

-- From a pamphlet published by 
the Wisconsin Draft Resistance Union 

PAGE 26 

LIBERATION News Service (123) Dec. 5, 1968 



By Dtcyer 

LiBERATiON News ^ivict 

MADISON, iv isC ^ LNS j I he ladudl media had its 
first coming together Nov Dec i m Madison 

The underground press had m< r :hrcc times before 
But at Madison one thin^ iv. . ,.mc uCur. there is no 
more underground p/esc • the m-dja at the revolution 
is rapidly evolving 

The underground press met tha-c times in the 
early summer or '67 x n aan Era nasa, at the Penta- 
gon march last October, and this past summer in Iowa 
City Those three meetings wt re reebie it important 
graspings, fuil or hassle and prophetic utterances 
They featured mammoth splits between politicos and 
my sties- - there was little summon ground, just 
common enemy 

The Madison conference, by far the largest of 
the four, was a coming together or revolutionaries 
Differences were tactical, stylistic, but we had 
that common ground- we were an seeking a revolution 
m America 

The other factor which set Madison apart from 
previous conferences, was ns success The success 
of a beginning Previous conrerences were miscar- 
riages- - pre- bn th traumas otfenng little hope 

Between 200 and 500 people attended the Madi- 
son conference, representing o v ei 60 m^dia groups 
Representation Was primarily from the east coast 
and midwest; wnh several southern and west coast 
papers attending The Newsreel project, with most 

of its people rrom New York and oan Francisco, was 
the largest group* wnh over 50 members present 
It was also the instigator of much debate and a 
focal point for controversy and some resentment 

Newsreel played a dominant roie tor several 
reasons It was the largest coherent grouping 
Members of Newsreel are politically sophistocated , 
have worked out then shit together for some time 
Although the group is divided on dirrerent issues, 
individuals tend to have strong political positions 
and appear, especially to people new to radical 
politics, to be rather dogmatic 

The issue which most raises Newsi eel's ire is 
our relations with the bourgeon medi-j Discus- 
sions around that issue were the most voiatne 
of the conference They were seldom very produc- 

tive, except to the extent that they raised 
the issue for people who hadn't dealt with it 

How do we as revolutionaries relate to 
the bourgeois media? There is a consensus on 
one thing: the mass media is the enemy it 

is an institution of the ruling class of 
this country, and, as such, serves capital- 
ism’s ends Some believe, however, that the 
mass media can be used productively m cer- 
tain situations. 

The first position, held by most News- 
reelers, says that the institutions of the 
mass media are definitively counter-revolu- 
tionary, that the bourgeois press will only 
print our side when it is in its interest to 
do so — to create the illusion of objectivity 
We should have absolutely no dealings with 
it, but should always work to strengthen 
our own counter-media 

The softer line criticizes this position 
as "purist" at this time Dealing with the 
mass media can be beneficial m specific si- 
tuations, if we feel we can have sufficient 
control over the content. Many people get 
turned on to some extent by such things as 
Cleaver's interview m Playboy or the 5DS story 
in Life -- people who have no access to the 
radical press. The media will cover us anyway -- 
we might as well have as much control over what 
it says as possible. 

The debate was academic The actual que- 
tions of when and how the media might be used 
successfully were seldom discussed Hoped- tor 
discussion of education about and possible 
actions against the bourgeois media never material 
ized And many assumptions were never discussed 
-- such as just what our media is Does 
commercial advertising pollute it? What about 
underground papers which are becoming established, 
and become aloof from the movement -- which side 
arc they on? 

The debate on the mass media was important, 

however, simply because it raised the question 

to the level of a major movement issue And 

because it was an l^sue many papers had thought 

little about , 

[continued, turn the page ) 


PAGE 2 7 

LiBERAliON News Service (M23) December 5, 1968 

Resentment against Newsreel at the confer- 
ence stemmed more from style than from political 
positions, however. Some editors, especially 
from smaller papers, felt Newsreel was trying to 
push its thing down their throats For instance, 
a Newsreel attempt at guerrilla theatrics on 
Saturday night was considered by many to be con- 
descending and manipulative 

Many members of Newsreel were aware of this 
problem and concerned about it And much of it 
might have been unavoidable Newsreel’s problems 
tend to be different from those of the papers, 
for obvious practical reasons This was News- 
reel’s first national get-together and there were 
many closed caucuses as members got to know each 
other and the group began to pull itself together 

But there is one criticism of Newsreel which 
involves its work as well as its style. And that 
is its obsession with street militancy -- the 
message of many of its films The street fight j 
mg man is an exciting romantic figure And 
street fighting has been and will be an important 
tactic in many places- But filming our most 
exciting street battles and building- occupations 
is only one of many functions the movement's 
film-makers should be filling. Most people who 
live and work outside the radical meccas [such 
as Berkeley and New York) felt most of their 
needs were not being spoken to 

There was some good discussion about these 
problems, especially late Saturday night after 
Newsreel showed its Columbia film 

For the papers themselves, the conference, 
though lacking m many ways, was very important 
There was not enough criticism and analysis on the 
part of the papers But there was, for the first 
time, a realization for everyone involved that 
there is a coherent revolutionary media developing 
in this country For most papers, just getting 
to know each other was the most important thing. 

The level of discussion, of political soph- 
istication, was far above that at previous con- 
ferences At San Francisco and Washington, we 
listened to flipped-out diatribes about our own 
beauty and the coming of the new era At Iowa 

City, there were unquestioned assumptions: that 

our role was to articulate the concerns of a 
"community” of people with a common "life style " 

What these things meant, where they were heading, 
were not discussed. 

The scene has changed, but that change did not 
occur at Madison. It occurred as individuals began to 
experience the emptiness of "life style" (freakiness, 
dope) as a definition of reality- As people realized 
that you can’t build a "community" of beautiful 
people m a rotten capitalist society. And it 
occurred with Columbia and Chicago -- with the death 
(and cooptation) of "do your own thing," with the 
beginning of revolutionary consciousness. 

The underground press had to redefine itself 
At first it spoke for phenomena which had no other- 
voice. Someone had to report that there was some- 
thing happening. Then the mass media took the conch; 
every mass circulation mag reported on the glories 
(evils, it didn’t matter) of dope and dope-crazed 
sex- Hippies became national heroes. 

So the underground press, as such, outlived its 
usefulness. And its name, never accurate, is now an 
anachronism As the old phenomenon evolved into a 
new one, so will the name. Maybe we’ll call it the 
radical press, or the revolutionary media, or 
something else- But it’s a new thing and deserves 
a new name. 

There were important things which this confer- 
ence only began to deal with Like the crisis the 
movement is facing now, with thousands of new 
adherents, with people on many different levels of 
development- And how we as organizers, who use 
media as tools, can relate to these problems. Now 
that we know the revolution has not already 
happened (as some thought at Iowa City) and now 
that we are beginning to realize it won’t happen 
tomorrow, how do we help direct the fantastic 
energy force that has been freed m this country? 

In other words: what should we write about, 

to whom should we address ourselves, what is 
our revolutionary strategy? 


Page 28 

LIBERATION News Service (#123) 

Dec. 5, 1968 




yoR& ary public 






educat/ohal orponruumes 


C,vAAD AT SCHOOLS... __ / 



NEWEST school RuiLDlNC^S 
FRor\ THE newest PRISONS 

complexes. — v 






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Conscious T R A NS FoR H Allow 


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A relevant finally. This is the beginning of it„ 
See pages following Credit Situationist international/ lNS„ 


LIBERATION News Service ^Dcc.5, 1968/ 

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. PA 08 REht£/ 

Beyond the family structure im- 
posed on us, the school is general- 
ly the first instrument of social 
repression a child meets in life. 

The school is assigned the task of 
breaking the will to individuation, 
of channeling the mind , of incapaci- 
tating the child with the rules that 
hold this society together: "Th*is 
is the way things will be because 
this is the way they are." The 
i classroom serves to impress through 
i the medium of daily routine that 
TiT© is essentially following orders 
that the choices are always among 
the given, that control of your life 
is, and always will be, somewhere 
else. Passivity is the rule. 



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cones of it. Except 
th e author, it if s 
nMee c*eT a \ 
little pvsseo of F.J 

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Second page of situatxonist ieanet on school situation 


Liberation news service (Dec, 5. 1968; 123 




ps ».onrLc ' « 

REPEAL OF ™ISJ\ , U'/^- - 

education.^ r 

/ M*D SHOW > 





v^Trtg schools' 

^ normal 

f U For what 
7 h e 7 arc' 



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TO use TMS ISSOtr op 
community control OK 
D 6 MAW 0 S. 

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TO use PeoPcC / 

AND To Lie TO THEF} \ 
^ tmc truth, 




in me attcnoance l 

fi(,yReS OR lAJ Tift > 







EReakinw to convert schools 
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l«PEO NOVEMBER 12 , '"Mot \Y A— . 

Situationist ihternatiomal 

P. 0 , ft OX M c t\ / COOPER ST ATI OVJ 

NEW 40R<, Ntw MORK. \OOOJ 




rhx.:d page or ^lua'Cicrurt :car .cl. Articulate analysi 
of system.. »0i i^.iiar of icafxet was a i vide 
four page- ) 


LxBERaT iG:\ New.- xr.'ia f 1 2 3 3 Dec. S, 1968 



Tnp drawings by Dennis Hughes from the 
Peninsula Observer/ LNS.. 


LIBERATION News Service (^Dec. 5, 1968, no c 1 23 J 


More drawings by Dennis Hughes; Peninsula Observer/ LNS, 


LIBERATION News Service (123) Dec. 5, 1968