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Full text of "Middletown Upper Houses; a history of the north society of Middletown, Connecticut, from 1650 to 1800, with genealogical and biographical chapters on early families and a full genealogy of the Ranney family"

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This  edition,  puhlished  under  the 
auspices  of  the  Society  of  Middletown 
Upper  Houses,  Incorporated,  is  limited 
to  Si.r  Hundred  Copies,  of  which  this 
is  Number     o  o 

b     cS 


TOWN,  CONNECTICUT,  FROM  16.50  TO  1800,  WITH 



Secretary-Treasurer  of  the  Society  of  Middletown 
Upper  Houses,  Incorporated 



Copyright,  1908,  by 


This  Volume  is  respectfully  dedicated  to 


who  hears  the  names  of  two  and  is  de- 
scended from  others  of  the  Founders  of 
Middletoion  Upper  Houses,  in  grateful 
recognition  of  her  early  and  constant  in- 
terest in  the  work  for  which  the  Society  of 
Middletown   Upper  Houses  e.xists. 


In  jSTovember,  1855,  a  young  man  left  his  college  halls  for  the 
neighboring  village  of  Cromwell  where  he  taught  a  winter  school. 
In  1860  by  marriage  he  renewed  his  interest  in  that  community. 
Returning  in  1888  to  pass  the  remaining  years  of  his  life  in  com- 
parative quiet  he  gathered  up  here  and  there  threads  connecting 
those  of  the  day  with  those  of  the  formative  period  of  this  settle- 
ment. Little  by  little  the  interest  deepened  and  broadened  until 
the  desire  was  born  to  bring  together  those  of  other  places  to  where 
their  honored  ancestors  had  lived  and  died.  And  with  this  came 
the  thought  to  put  into  permanent  form  the  story  of  the  records 
kept  here  and  elsewhere.  With  the  reunion  in  1903  the  plan  was 
broached  to  publish  a  volume  and  the  later  reunions  strengthened 
and  gave  effect  to  this  purpose.  The  sympathy  and  encourage- 
ment from  many  directions  have  made  of  the  toil  a  pleasant  task. 
At  the  age  of  seventy-two  the  compiler  of  these  pages  has  the  satis- 
faction of  expressing  appreciation  of  all  the  assistance  which  has 
been  rendered  by  many  in  many  ways. 

The  Society  of  Middletown  Upper  Houses,  Incorporated,  has 
not  only  erected  its  memorials  to  Founders,  Fathers,  Pastors  and 
Patriots,  but  has  given  its  financial  and  moral  support  to  the  efforts 
of  the  compiler  and  without  this  aid  the  preliminary  work  could 
not  have  been  brought  to  the  point  where  the  material  was  ready  to 
go  into  the  hands  of  the  printer  and  publisher. 

It  could  hardly  be  possible  to  make  a  list  of  the  individuals  who 
have  given  special  assistance  in  the  gathering  of  material  and  in 
the  spreading  of  the  spirit  of  enthusiasm  and  not  overlook  some  one 
fully  worthy  of  mention.  He  has  cast  his  net  on  all  sides  and  the 
result  is  given  herewith. 

To  have  had  the  honor  of  suggesting  the  name,  unanimously 
adopted  by  the  town  on  January  the  sixth.  1902,  for  our  one  fine 
school  edifice,  the  day  it  was  .first  used  for  school  purposes.  The 
Nathaniel  White  Public  School,  is  more  highly  prized  than  would 
have  been  the  gift  of  a  lucrative  office.  On  the  bronze  tablet  and 
on  the  printed  page  the  school  children  of  to-day  and  of  to-morrow 
will  read  the  names  and  recall  the  deeds  of  those  who  first  settled 
here  and  who  long  ago  rested  from  their  labors. 

In  1884  a  centennial  celebration  commemorating  the  first  Eng- 
lish settlement   lievond   the   Germans   in   the  Mohawk   vallev   was 

viii  PREFACE 

held  at  Whitestown,  Xew  York,  when  clue  honor  was  paid  to 
Captain  Hugh  White  who,  with  his  sons,  went  from  here  in  May, 
1784,  and  constituted  the  first  English  family  to  settle  in  Central 
ISTew  York.  The  Hon.  William  Mansfield  White,  a  descendant 
of  Capt.  Hugh  White  who  was  a  descendant  of  Capt.  Nathaniel 
White,  presided,  and  he  uttered  this  sentiment: 

"  Eoyal  blood  is  an  inheritance.  Noble  blood,  if  it  begets  noble 
deeds,  is  a  blessing.  But  above  all  and  beyond  all,  is  the  inheri- 
tance of  a  pious.  God-fearing,  God-serving  ancestry." 

To  have  been  privileged  to  set  forth  the  records  of  such  an 
ancestry  is  its  own  reward. 

Cromwell,  Connecticut. 
New  Tear's  Day,  1908. 


Articles  of  IncorpoRxVTIon,  Society  of  Middletown  Up- 
per Houses       .....••• 
Life  Members  of  the  Society       ..... 
Charter  Members  of  the  Society 
History  of  Middletown  Upper  Houses 
The  Society  of  Middletown  Upper  Houses 

Eeunion  of  the  Society,  1905,  including  Addresses 

Eeunion  of  the  Society,  1907,  including  Addresses 
Descendants  of  Thomas  Ranney 

First  Generation 

Second  Generation 

Third  Generation 

Fourth   Generation 

Fifth  Generation 

Sixth  Generation 

Seventh  Generation 

Eighth  Generation 

Ninth  Generation 

William  Ranney  Line 

Timothy  Berry  Ranney  Line 
Family   Genealogies     . 

The  Bulkeley  Family  . 

The  Butler  Family      . 

The  Clark  Family 

The  Doolittle  Family 

The  Edwards   Family 

The  Eells  Family 

The  Gaylord  Family    . 

The  Gridley  Family     . 

The  Hall  Family 

The  Hubbard  Family 





X                                            CONTENTS 


The  Hurlbut  Family 

.     582 

The  Keith  Family 

.     583 

The  Kelsey  Family 

.     589 

The  Kirby  Family       ..... 

.      594 

The  L'Hommedieu  Family 

.      607 

The  Prout  Family 

■      .     609 

The  Eiley  Family 

.     614 

The  Sage  Family         ..... 

.     621 

The  Savage  Family      ..... 

.     638 

The  Sheparcl  Family 

.     668 

The  Eev._  Joseph  Smith  Family    .          .          .          . 

.     670 

The  Abner  Smith  Family     .... 

.     675 

The  Stocking  Family            .... 

.     677 

The  Stow  Family 

.     695 

The  Treat  Family 

.      703 

The  Warner  Family               .... 

.     711 

The  White  Family 

.     713 

The  Wilcox  Family 

.      740 

The  Williams  Family             .... 

.     766 


William  Francis  Joseph  Boardman 

.     775 

Eanney   Addenda          ..... 

.     777 

Pardee  Addenda            ..... 

.     782 

Index             ....... 

.     785 




Adams,    Arthur   Ranney 300 

Charles   Collard 300 

Charles    Samuel    Grldley 300 

Mrs.    Elizabeth    Gridley 300 

Miss    Elizabeth    Vix-ginia 300 

James    Mortimer 300 

Baisden.   Mrs.    Martha    (Ranney ) 393 

Boardman,  Arthur '''60 

AVm.    Francis    Joseph 9<3 

Bingham,    Norton    W 186 

Brooks,   Mrs.   Jeannette    (Ranney) 260 

Lester  Ranney 260 

Brown,   Henry   Bascom 79 

Butler,   Capt.   Daniel 517 

Cameron,  Mrs.  Mabel  Ward i09 

Ward    Griswold 108 

Chamberlain,    Mrs.    Mary    (Ranney) 261 

Chase.    Miss    Ellen 665 

Henry    Savage 665 

William    Leverett 665 

Clark,    Samuel   Wilson   and   Wife 472 

Cummings,  Mx-s.   Sarah    (Chase) 665 

Donahoe,    Daniel    J 96 

Doolittle,   Charles  Ranney ; 532 

Rev.    Edgar    Jared 533 

Edgar  Jared 533 

Eckels,    Ransom , 186 

Eells.    Daniel 727 

Dau    Parmelee 554 

Group  at   1738  well 5.55 

Rev.  Edwards 516 

Major    Edwax'd 550 

Rev.    Edwards    and    Sons 548 

Rev.   Edwards  and  Daughters 549 

Ralph    Smith 551 

SamueJ     ." 550 

Samuel    Robert ' 551 

Walter    Gibbs 5.54 

Faxon,    Walter    Collyer 96 

Fisk-Forester,   Mrs.    Stella 355 

Galpin.  Henx'y  Norris 754 

Gaylord,  Group 565 

Gridley.  Dr.  Timothy  Jones 516 

Hall,  David  Augustus 576 




Hart,    Ives   William 229 

John   Jay 186 

Samuel  Ives  and  Wife 473 

Hawes,    Mrs.   Polly    ( Ranuey ) 355 

Hough,    Mrs.    Mary    ( Ranney ) 388 

Johnson,  Rev.  James  Riley,  D.  D 617 

Jones,   Mrs.   Zenana  Amelia    (Ranuey) 228 

Kingman,  Mrs.  Eliza  Ann   (Rauuey) 354 

Mrs.  Sarah  Amelia    (Rauney) 354 

Knox,  Mrs.  Hannah   (Ranney) 218 

Latimer,   Mrs.   Anna    ( Stocking) 690 

Miss    Mary    Anu 690 

L'Hommedieu,   Mrs.    Elizabeth    (Gridley) 301 

Lowe,  Mrs.  Abbie  De  Ette  (Ranuey) 214 

Macdonald,  James  H 761 

Meigs,   Col.   Return  Jonathan 56 

Merrill,    Mrs.   Cornelia    (Ranney) 300 

Morgan,    J.    Pierpont 547 

Parker,  Mrs.  Clarissa    (Rauuey) 355 

Porkess,    Rev.    William 96 

Putnam,    Gen.    Israel 57 

Ranney,   11  children  of  Elijah" 247 

13  children  of  Dr.   Waitstill  Randolph 251 

Abuer*     187 

Abuers     215 

Alfred    Gardner 297 

Ambrose    Arnold 250 

Amos    Moore 490 

Andrew    Jackson    and    Family 306 

Austin    Sherman 229 

Cassius    Wells 215 

Cecil    J 358 

Charles    Thomas 450 

Clifford    Ira 296 

Daniel    Holland 358 

Rev.    Darwin    Harlow 214 

David    Gardner 297 

David    Stocking • 389 

Earl  Eugene  and  children 187 

Ebeuezer    Goodhue 246 

Rev.    Edwin    Hiram 389 

Eli     218 

Eliiah    Crawford 246 

Mrs.    Elizabeth    Gilchrist 388 

Mrs.    Elizabeth    Gridley    (L'Hommedieu) ,...  300 

Franklin    Eli 450 

Dr.   George   Emery 358 

George    Henry 297 

Miss  Harriet  Augusta 219 

Harris   Guernsev 186 

Henrv    Clav 271 

Golden  Wedding  Group 3fiS 

Henry    Eugene 246 



Ranney,   Henry   Joseph 388 

Mrs.  Ida  Louise   ( luiiiau ) 219 

James    <^00 

James  K.  P.  aud  grandson 494 

James    Mortimer 300 

James    Sumner 350 

Jesse    350 

John    2G1 

John    Goodhue 187 

John    Hathorne 194 

Rev.  Joseph  Addison 296 

Joseph    Addison 296 

Miss  Julia   Isabel 219 

Lafayette    358 

Lulve    351 

Luke    Frank 229 

Luther  Boardman 270 

Lvman    '■  ■  218 

Dr.   Lyman   Wells 215 

Madison     359 

IMoses     388 

Nathan    Cornelius 292 

Oliver     187 

Oliver    194 

Oliver    Franklin     187 

Robert    Burton     215 

Robert  Gibonev  and  Family 307 

Royal   Gilbert 292 

Rufus   Percival    271 

Salvator    Otis     491 

Samuel    Allen 354 

Stei)hen     194 

Sullivan     270 

Thomas    Stow    195 

Dr.    Waitstill    Randolph 250 

Walter    Roy    296 

Willett  Phineas  and  Wife 451 

William,  artist 293 

William    Caton 194 

William    Keith 389 

William     Ostrander 494 

William  W 293 

William    and    Wife 347 

Willis     297 

Willis    Madison 359 

Zenas    Edwards 393 

Rattle,  Mrs.  Elizabeth  and  Granddaughtoi- .")r.4 

Reunion.  Group  in  1903 64 

Group   in   1904 65 

G.  A.  R.  in  1904 67 

Children  in  1904 66 

Group   in   1907 97 

Richardson.  Dr.  John  Henry  and  Wife 214 


Eichardson,   Mrs.   Sabra   Ranney 354 

Riley,  Capt.  James  and  Wife 616 

James    Watson 617 

William  Willshire 617 

Roome.  Mrs.  Virginia    ( Stocking) 691 

Rossman,    Mrs.    Nettie    ( Ranney ) 219 

Sage.  Col.  Comfort  and  Wife 628 

Capt.  Nathan  and  Wife 630 

Orrin   631 

Savage,   Henry  Russell 51G 

Capt.  Timothy  and  Wife 664 

Timothy,   Jr..   and   Wife 6(54 

Stanton,   Charles   Henry 546 

Stocking,  Rev.  C.  H.  W..  D.  D 229 

George    Byrd 691 

George  Washburn  and  Wife 691 

Capt.    Horace 690 

Justus    690 

Philo   Waslil)urn   and   Wife 691 

Swenson,  Mrs.  Eliza  Susan   (Ranney) 346 

Treat.    Mrs.    Julia    (Ranney) 218 

Miss  Mila  Hakes 711 

Milo    Clinton 710 

Ward.  Austin  Merrels 108 

Mrs.  Delia  Bidwell 108 

Walden,  Mrs.  Josephine  Idella   (Ranney) 3-55 

Walkley,    Weebster    Rogers 78 

Wheeler.   Frederick   Benjamin   and   Family 495 

Mrs.  Mabel    (Ranney) 495 

White.    Canvass 725 

Charles  Merrow 726 

Chauncev    Howard 732 

Edward  '  Luther 7.32 

Henrv    733 

Hugh     725 

Mrs.   Rebecca    (Rannev) 389 

William    Mansfield 724 

William  Roland 7.33 

Wightman.    Mrs.    Clarissa    (Butler) 517 

Rev.    Frederick 517 

Stillman    King 517 

Wilcox,   Frank   Langdon 763 

Frederick    William 516 

Col.  .Tonathan   Samuel 755 

Samuel    Curtis 763 

William  Walter.   Sr 762 

William   Walter.  Jr. 762 

Williams.    Rev.    .Joshua    Lewis 769 

Woodard,    James    Madison 3.59 

Twins    3.59 



Atherton.   Susan  Clark,  House  of  :Mrs 396 

Bloomfield— Hall.    Deed   of    1642 577 

Boardman,    Jonathan,    House    of 29 

Bronze    Tablet 71 

Crocker.  Zebulon.  Monument  of  Rev 768 

Cromwell,  1900,  Map  of 99 

Edwards,   David,    House  of 537 

Nathan,    Hoiise    of 537 

Eells,  Daniel,  House  of 588 

Edward.  Account  with  Capt.  John  Warner 548 

Edward,  Headstone  of  Major 543 

Edward,  House  of  Major 542 

Edward,    Tablestone    of    Rev 543 

Evangeline,   Unveiling  of  Bronze  Tablet,   July  19,   1905 70 

Nathaniel,    Headstone    of 542 

Gay  lord.  Samuel.  Autograph  of 28 

Gridley,  Samuel,  Family  Reeoord  of 569 

Timothy  Jones,  House  of 568 

Kelsey,  Israel,  House  of 588 

Kirby,  Amos,  Tavern  of   61 

Charles,  House  of 601 

Elisha,  Hotel  of 600 

Samuel,  House  of 601 

Prospect  Hill,  1835,   View  from 582 

Prout.  William,  1720,  Drawing  by 610 

Ranney,  Daniel  s.  Account  with  Capt.  John  Warner 149 

Ebenezer  -.  Account  with  Capt.  John  Warner 149 

Ephraim,    Old    Tavern    of 397 

Fletcher.    House    of 611 

George,  House  of 350 

George*,  Tombstone  of 536 

Hannah  -,  Autographs  of  heirs  of 155 

John  -.   Autograpli   of 154 

Joseph  -.   Autograph  of 154 

Joseph  -,    Tombstone    of 168 

Joseph  3,    Tombstone    of 168 

Joseph  3,    Trees   of    1725 169 

Nathaniel,  W^ooden  Bottle  of 589 

Dr.   Stephen.  Commission  of 369 

Thomas  i.  Account  with   Capt.   John   Warner 148 

Thomas  -,   Account  with   Capt.   John  Warner 674 

Thomas  -,   Autograph  of ". 154 

Thomas  i.   House  of 144 

Thomas  i.  Tombstone  of 145 

Willett,   House  of .589 

William,    Family    Monument 392 

Sage,  Comfort,  Family  Vault 629 

David  1,  Tombstone  of 749 

Ebenezer,  Account  with  Capt.  John  Warner 148 

Elisha,    House    of 628 

William,    House  of 631 

Savage,   Abijah,   House  of 658 



Savage,   Amos,   Powder    Horn   of 658 

Josiah,    House    of 659 

Timothy,    House    of 659 

Shepard,  Jared,  Great  Oak 583 

Smith,    Abner,    House    of 675 

Isabella,   House  of  Mrs 396 

Joseph.  Autograph  of  Rev 28 

Society  Middletown  Upper  Houses,  Life  Certificate 98 

Spencer,    Samuel,    House    of 675 

Family,  Tombstones  of 536 

Stoughton  Coat  of  Arms 582 

House    of    1635 582 

St.  Machar's  Cathedral  and  Cemetery 583 

Upper    Houses,    Group    of    old 670 

Group   of  old 671 

Old   views    718 

Warner.  John,  Family  record  of  Capt 169 

White,  Aaron,  House,  Hotel  Sign  and  Tombstone  of 719 

Nathaniel.    Facsimile   of   Will 26 

Nathaniel.  Tombstone  of 749 

Nathaniel.  Public  School 27 

Wilcox.  Thomas.  House  of 748 

Thomas,  Tombstone  of 749 



BE  IT  KNOWN,  That  we,  the  subscribers,  do  hereby  associate 
ourselves  as  a  body  politic  and  corporate,  pursuant  to  the  statute 
laws  of  the  State  of  Connecticut  regulating  the  formation  and 
organization  of  corporations  without  capital  stock,  and  the  follow- 
ing are  our  articles  of  association: 

Article  1.  The  name  of  said  corporation  shall  be  The  Society  of 
Middletown  Upper  Houses,  Incorporated. 

Article  2.  The  purposes  for  which  said  corporation  is  formed 
are  the  following,  to  wit: 

To  obtain  title  to  and  to  hold  the  plot  of  land  on  which  our 
memorials  do  and  are  to  stand;  to  foster  the  spirit  of  reverence' 
for  our  ancestors;  to  hold  reunions  of  our  members  and  of  other 
descendants  of  families  of  Middletown  Upper  Houses;  and  to 
gather  and  to  disseminate  information  historical,  genealogical,  and 
biographical  concerning  Middletown  Upper  Houses  and  its  families. 

Article  3.  The  said  corporation  is  located  in  the  Town  of  Crom- 
well, County  of  Middlesex,  and  State  of  Connecticut. 

Dated  at  Cromwell  this  19th  day  of  July,  1905. 

S.  0.  Eanney, 
*  Charles  H.  Stanton, 

Frank  L.  Wilcox, 
Charles  Collard  Adams, 
Wm.  Eoland  White, 
M.  C.  Treat. 

Names  of  Subscribers. 

xviii  LIFE    MEMBEES 

State  of  Connecticut,  \  ,^ 
County  of  Middlesex,     i'^' 

Then  and  there  personally  appeared  S.  0.  Eanney,  Charles  H. 
Stanton,  Frank  L.  AVilcox,  Charles  Collard  Adams,  William  Eoland 
White,  and  M.  C.  Treat,  signers  of  the  foregoing  instrument  and 
acknowledged  the  same  to  be  their  free  act  and  deed,  before  me, 

Arthur  Boardman, 
Approved,  July  27,  1905.  Notary  Public. 

Theodore  Bodenwein,,  Secretary, 
per  A.  E.  Parsons. 
State  of  Connecticut,       \ 
Office  of  the  Secretary.  ^ 

I  hereby  certify  that  the  foregoing  is  a  true  copy  of  record  in 
this  office,  and  of  the  endorsement  of  approval  thereon. 

IN  TESTIMONY  WHEEEOF,  I  have  hereunto  set  my  hand, 
and  affixed  the  Seal  of  said  State,  at  Hartford,  this  27th  dav  of 
July,  A.  D.,  1905. 

Theodore  Bodenwein,  Secretary. 
[seal]    ■ 




Mrs.  Elizabeth  Eells  Abbott,  Clinton,  New  York. 

Mrs.  Elizabeth  Gridley  Adams,  Cromwell,  Conn. 

Mrs.  Eli  Melville  Ashley,  Denver,  Col. 

William  Francis  Joseph  Boardman.  Hartford.  Conn. 

Miss  Abby  Anna  Bradley,  Hingham.  Mass. 

Anson  Strong  Brooks,  Minneapolis,  Minn. 

Philip  Ranney  Brooks.  Minneapolis,  Minn. 

Mrs.  Mabel  Ward  Cameron,  Allston,  Mass. 

Miss  Ellen  Chase,  Brookline,   Mass. 

Mrs.  Julia  Jones  Crary.  Hooperston,  111. 

Ferris  Edward  Davis.  Delhi.  N.  Y. 

Mrs.  Mary  Eliza  Horton  Davis,  Albany,  N.  Y. 

Edgar  Jared  Doolittle,  Meriden,  Conn. 

t  Melatiah  Everett  Dwight,  D.  D. 

Ransom  Eckels,  Arlington,  Wash. 

Howard  Parmelee  Eells.   Cleveland.   O. 

Walter  Gibbs  Eells.  Philadelphia.  Pa. 

Mrs.   Walter  Collyer  Faxon,   Hartford,   Conn. 

Mrs.  Stella  Fisk-Forester.  Taplin,  Ida. 

*  Being  those  who   have  contributed  ten   dollars  or   more   for   the 
work  of  the  Society. 
t  Dead. 


Mrs.   Lawrence  Bertram   Flint.   Needham,  Mass. 

Miss  Clara  Cornelia  Fuller,  Ossining,  N.  Y. 

Miss  Ruth  Galpin,  Berlin,  Conn. 

Francis  Goodwin,  D.  D.,  Hartford,  Conn. 

James  Junius  Goodwin,  Hartford.  Conn. 

Mrs.  Albert  Stevens  Hall,  Winchester,  Mass. 

David  Augustus  Hall,  Portland,  Conn. 

Mrs.  Harriet  Sage  Harrison,  Leete's  Island,  Conn. 

Newman  Hungerford.  Hartford,  Conn. 

William  Latimer.  Wilmington,  N.  C. 

Russell  W.  Lowe.  M.  D.,  Ridgefield,  Conn. 

*Mrs.  William   McPherson,  Jr. 

John  Pierpont  Morgan,  New  York  City. 

Jesse  Homan  Pardee,   Meadville,  Pa. 

Andrew  Jackson  Ranney,  Osawotamie.  Kan. 

Cornelius  John   Ranney.   Cleveland,   O. 

Charles  Percival  Ranney,  Cleveland,  O. 

Charles  Thomas  Ranney,  Greenville,  Mich. 

Ebenezer  Goodhue  Ranney,  Homer,  N.  Y. 

Fletcher  Ranney,  Boston.  Mass. 

Frederick  Eli  Ranney,  Greenville,  Mich. 

George  Emery  Ranney,  M.  D.,  Lansing,  Mich. 

George  Henry  Ranney,  St.  Paul,  Minn. 

Henry  Clay  Ranney,  Cleveland,  O. 

Henry  Eugene  Ranney.  Cortland.  N.  Y. 

James  Knox  Polk  Ranney,  Osawotamie.  Kan. 

John  Goodhue  Ranney,  Syracuse,  N.  Y. 

Joseph  Pope  Ranney,  New  York  City. 

Lemuel  Sears  Ranney,  Hillsdale,  Mich. 

Luther  Kelsey  Ranney,  Peninsula,   O. 

Maria  Serena  Ranney,  Austin,  Minn. 

♦Nathan  Cornelius  Ranney. 

Robert  Burton  Ranney,  New  Castle,  Pa. 

Robert  Giboney  Ranney,  Cape  Girardeau.  Mo. 

Royal  Gilbert  Ranney.  Little  York,  111. 

Salvador  Otis  Ranney,  Windsor  Locks,  Conn. 

Miss  Sarah  Maria  Ranney,  Peninsula.  O. 

Walter  Roy  Ranney,  Arkansas  City,  Kan. 

Willett  George  Ranney.  Cleveland  O. 

William  Ostrander  Ranney,  Osawotamie,  Kan. 

Zenas  Edwards  Ranney,  Middletown,  Conn. 

William  James  Rattle,  Cleveland,  O. 

John  INIack  Richardson.  Medfield,  Mass. 

Frederick  H.  Sage,  M.  D.,  Middletown,  Conn. 

William  H.  Sage,  Albany,  N.  Y. 

Albert  Russell   Savage,  Portland,   Me. 

Charles  Henry  Stanton,  Clinton.  N.  Y. 

Edgar  Blood  Stocking,  Washington.  D.  C. 

George  Washburn,  Stocking,  Sisterville.  W.  Va. 

Mrs.  Ole  S.  Swenson.  Soux  Falls.  So.  Dak. 

Milo  Clinton  Treat,  Washington,  Pa. 

Mrs.  Flora  Alice  Wilcox  Turney,  Chicago,  111. 

Mrs.  Hattie  Baldwin  Wellman.  Friendship.  N.  Y. 

Mrs.  Mabel  Ranney  Wheeler.  Pittsburg,  Kan. 



George  Luther  White,  Waterbury,  Conn. 
Mrs.  Mary  Elizabeth  White,  Springfield,  Mass. 
Frank  Langdon  Wilcox,  Berlin,  Conn. 
Frederick    Peck    Wilcox,    New   York    City. 
George  Horace  Wilcox,   Meriden,   Conn. 
John  Keyes  Williams,  Hartford,  Cann. 
James  Madison  Woodard.  Greenfield.  Mass. 



William  Pratt  Abbott  Lake  Charles,  La. 

Arthur  Ranney  Adams,  Hartford,  Conn. 

Artina  Marguerite  Adams.  Hartford,  Conn. 

Charles  Collard  Adams,  Cromwell,  Conn. 

Elizabeth  Virginia  Adams,  Cromwell.  Conn. 

Gridley  Adams,  New  Rochelle,  N.  Y. 

Harriet  Boyington  Adams,  Hartford,  Conn. 

James  Mortimer  Adams,  Hartford,  Conn. 

Josephine  Janice  Adams.  New  Rochelle,  N.  Y. 

Mrs.  Leola  Sarah  Adams,  Howard,  R.  I. 

Mrs.  Henry  Clay  Aldrich,  Minneapolis,  Minn. 

George  Allen,  Adams,  N.  Y. 

Theodore  Anderson,  Cromwell,  Conn. 

Reese  Gates  Applegate,  Sikeston,  Mo. 

Eli  Melville  Ashley,  Denvei',  Col. 

Frank  Riley  Ashley,  Denver,  Col. 

Ralph  E.  Ashley,  Denver,  Col. 

Andrew  Jackson  Atherton.  Livermore.  Ky. 

Romeo  Atherton,  Livermore,  Ky. 

Mrs.  Harriet  E.  Bailey,  Dunkirk,  N.  Y. 

Mrs.   Martha  Gaylord   Bailey,   Cleveland,   O. 
•     Theodore  Orson  Bailey,  Cleveland,  O. 

*Rev.  William  Ranney  Baldwin. 

Mrs.  Louise  Bestor  Barbour,  Hartford,  Conn. 

Charles  M.  Beardslee.  Blodgett.  Mo. 

John  M.  Beardslee,  Blodgett.  Mo. 

*Mi's.  Marie  Louise  Bestor. 

Mrs.  Jennie  S.  Bewick,  Madison,  Wis. 

George  Herbert  Blanden,  Springfield,  Mass. 

Arthur  Boardman,  Cromwell,  Conn. 

Charles  E.  Booth.  New  York  City. 

Emily  Stocking  Brandegee.  Berlin,  Conn. 

Florence  Stocking  Brandegee,  Berlin,  Conn. 

Katherine  Brandegee,  Berlin,  Conn. 

t  John  E.  Brandegee. 

Mrs.  William  H.  Bridge,  Spokane,  Wash. 

Mrs.  Heni-y  Bascom  Brown,  East  Hampton,  Conn. 

Mrs.  Margaret  Drake  Buckingham,  Minneiska,  Minn. 

Mrs.  Frederick  Burckhardt,  Cincinnati,  O. 

*  Being  those  who  have  contributed  one  dollar  or  more,  but   less 
than  ten  dollars,  for  the  work  of  the  Society. 

t  Dead. 


Lucy  P.  Bush,  New  Haven,  Conn. 

Charles  A.  Butler,  Utica,  N.  Y. 

Mrs.  E.  L.  Campbell,  Comstock,  N.  Y. 

James  Willett  Chamberlain,  Akron,  Ohio. 

Marian   Gertrude  Chamberlain,   Akron,   Ohio. 

Robert  Savage  Chase,  Brookline,  Mass. 

Mrs.  G.  G.  Chauncey,  Fulton,  N.  Y. 

Henry  Chauncey,  New  York  City. 

Mrs.  Alexander  B.  Clark,  Ox  Bow,  N.  Y. 

Mrs.  George  Clark,  Ames,  Kan. 

Samuel  Wilson  Clark,  New  Britain,  Conn. 

Mrs.  J.  A.  Cochran,  Cincinnati,  O. 

Mrs.  A.  L.  Conger,  Akron.  O. 

Mrs  Martha  Ranney  Cooper,  Great  Kills,  S.  I. 

Mrs.  Horace  Bassett  Corner.  Cleveland,  O. 

E.  E.  Cornwall,  M.  D.,  Brooklyn,  N.  Y. 

Mrs.  A.  S.  Cotton,  Clifton  Springs.  N.  Y. 

William  Ranney  Crary,  Willoughby,  O. 

Henry  Savage  Chase  Cummings,  Brookline,  Mass. 

Lincoln  Clifford  Cummings,  Brookline,  Mass. 

Rosamond  Cummings,  Brookline,  Mass. 

William  Leverett  Cummings,  Brookline,  Mass. 

Mary  Ranney  Cutting,  Westminster  West,  Vt. 

Mrs.  Grace  Ranney  Diamond,  Gaithersburg,  Md. 

Mrs.  Julia  B.  Dillaby,  Somersville,  Mass. 

Mrs.  P.  H.  Dudley,  New  York  City, 

Mrs.  Georgia  L.  Durley,  New  Haven,  Conn. 

*Benjamin  M.  Dyer. 

Erastus  Ranney  Ellis,  M.  D.,  Detroit,  Mich. 

Rev.  Edward  Eells,  Fall  River,  Mass. 

Mrs.  H.  B.  Eells,  Unadilla,  N.  Y. 

Herbert  Eells,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

John  H.  Eells,  Pittsfield,  Mass. 

Mrs.  Carrie  M.  Evans,  Akron.  O. 

William  H.  Evans,  Sr.,  Akron,  O. 

William  H.  Evans,  Jr.,  Akron,  O. 

Anna  L.  Francis,  Glenbrook,  Conn. 

Mrs.  Amasa  A.  Fuller,  Warren,  Vt. 

*Fred  E.  Garrett. 

Ethel  G.  Gaylord.  Cleveland,  O. 

John  A.  Gaylord,  Cuyahoga  Falls,  O. 

Mrs.  James  A.  Grantier.  Forestville,  N.  Y. 

Mrs.  H.  L.  Gregory,  Vincennes,  Ind. 

Mrs.  Mary  Ranney  Hadcock,  Watertown,  N.  Y. 

Mrs.  Maria  Carr  Hale,  Winterset,  la. 

Harriet  Wells  Hale,  Winterset,"  la. 

*0.  W.  Hale. 

Lizzie  M.  Harrison.  West  Winfield,  N.  Y. 

C.  R.  Hart,  M.  D.,  New  Hartford,  N.  Y 

*Edmund  Benjamin  Hart. 

Ellen  Delia  Hart,  Meriden,  Conn. 

James  Riley  Hodder.  Brookline,  Mass. 

Mrs.  Mahala  Riley  Hodder,  Brookline,  Mass. 

Sylvester  AV.  Hoffman,  Zanesville,  O. 



Jonathan  J.  Holland,  New  Hartford,  la. 

Mrs.  A.  L.  Holman,  Chicago,  111. 

Winslow  Holmes,  Shellrock,  la. 

John  Hough,  Spartansburg,  Ind. 

Herbert  Housel,  Noblesville,  Ind. 

E.  Kent  Hubbard,  Jr.,  Middletown,  Conn. 

Mrs.  Amanda  A.  Hull,  Warren,  Vt. 

Mrs.  Zldana  Humphrey,  Nuchols,  Ky. 

Mrs.  H.  M.  Hurd,  Baltimore,  Md. 

Mrs.  H.  B.  Hurlbut,  Cleveland,  O. 

Mrs.  John  Ives,  jNIeriden,  Conn. 

L.  Howard  Ives,  Meriden,  Conn. 

Charles  Eben  Jackson,  Middletown,  Conn. 

Robert  Nesmith  Jackson.  Middletown,  Conn. 

Alice  Cary  Johnson,  Nyack,  N.  Y. 

James  Riley  Johnson.  D.  D.,  Nyack,  N.  Y. 

Mrs.  Ora  Storm  King.  Livermore.  Ky. 

Augusta  F.  Kingmau,  Northampton,  Mass. 

Edward  Paysou   Kirby,   Jacksonville,   111. 

Samuel  Hubbard  Kirby,  New  Haven,  Conn. 

John  Klingelhofer,  Turlock,  Cal. 

Mrs.  Harriet  Jane  Knight,  Kingston,  Wis. 

Abbie  Knox,  Cuyahoga  Falls,  O. 

Mrs.  Theodore  R.  Lake,  Central  City,  Col. 

INIrs.  Maria  Olivia  Le  Brun,  Montelair,  N.  J. 

Mrs.  Aucetta  Lewis.  Middletown,  Conn. 

H.  Wales  Lines,  Meriden.  Conn. 

Mrs.  William  H.  Lockie.  Rossie,  N.  Y. 

Mrs.  Almira  Ranney  Lunnie,  North  Troy,  Vt. 

Mrs.  Frances  Raiuiey   Lybrand,   Washington.   D.   C. 

Caroline  Hamilton  Macniel,  Buffalo,  N.  Y. 

Mrs.    Harriet   Cornelia   Macniel.   Buffalo,   N.   Y. 

E.  A.  Markham,  M.  D.,  Durham,  Conn. 

Mrs.  Viva  Martin,  Greenville,  Ky. 

Mrs.  H.  McBurney,  Phelps.  N.  Y. 

Sarah  Stowe  Merwiu.  Hartford,  Conn. 

A.  E.  Merritt,  "Washington,  D.  C. 

Mrs.  Helen  M.  Munroe,  Cortland,  N.  Y. 

Mrs.  A.  J.  Muzzy.  Bristol,  Conn. 

p:]lizabeth  Todd  Nash.  Madison,  Conn. 

Mrs.  Lydia  B.  Newcomb.  New  Haven,  Conn. 

Catherine  ^I.   North.   Berlin.   Conn. 

New  York  Historical  Society,  170  2d  Ave.,  New  York  City. 

Mrs.  Elizabeth  Hamlin  Olmstead,  Pasadena.  Cal. 

Mrs.   Vesta   C.   Owen.   Utica.   Kentucky. 

Seth  Paddock.  Cromwell.  Conn. 

Mrs.  D.   E.  Penfield,  Warren,   Mass. 

Mrs.  A.  N.  Pierson,  Cromwell,  Conn. 

Frederick  Solomon  Pinney.  West  Haven.  Conn. 

Mrs.  James  P.  Piatt.  Meriden,  Conn. 

Margery  Piatt.  Meriden.  Conn. 

Mrs.  Cornelia  Pomeroy,  Graham.  N.  C. 

Mrs.  Mary  Butler  Price.  Utica.  N.  Y. 

D.  B.  Prout.  Ashland,  N.  Y. 

*Mrs.  Emma  Snow  Puffer. 


Alvor  M.  Ranney,  Hudsouville,  Mich. 

Alice  M.  Ranney,  Groton,  N.  Y. 

Alfred  Patterson  Ranney,  Westminster  West,  Vt. 

Anne  Ranney,  Pittsburg,  Kan. 

Arthur  Edwin  Ranney,  Springfield,  Mass. 

Barzillai  Frank  Ranney,  Taberg,  N.  Y. 

Charles  A.  Ranney,  Hartfoi'd,  Conn. 

Charles  F.  Ranney,  Newport,  Vt. 

Charles  Garfield  Ranney,  Mohawk,  N.  Y. 

Charles  Henry  Ranney,  Boston,  Mass. 

Comfort  Ranney,  De  Witt,  Mich. 

Crawford  Ranney,  St.  Johnsbury,  Vt. 

David  S.  Ranney,  Moodus,  Conn. 

Earl  Eugene  Ranney,  Cleveland,  O. 

Rev.  Edwin  H.  Ranney,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Elizabeth  Ranney.   Jackson,  Mo. 

Eli  W.  Ranney,  Greenville,  Mich. 

*Eli.iah  Crawford  Ranney. 

Fayette  Silas  Ranney,  Storm  Lake,  la. 

Franc  M.  Ranney.  New  Yoi'k  City. 

Francis  Leroy  Ranney,  Algona.  la. 

Frank  George  Ranney,  Rochester,  N.  Y. 

Frederick   Dean  Ranney,   No.   Bennington.    Vt. 

George  A.  Ranney,  Cannonsburg,  Mich. 

George  F.  Ranney,  Anaconda,  Mont. 

George  G.  Ranney,  Chicago,  111. 

Harriet  A.  Ranney,  Chicago.  111. 

Harris  Guernsey  Ranney,  Pittsfield,  Vt. 

Herbert  Hawthorne  Ranney,  Cape  Girardeau.  Mo. 

Hiram  H.  Ranney,  Mohawk,  N.  Y. 

*Harrison  Jackson  Ranney. 

Henry  Charles  Ranney.  Willliamsburg.  Mass. 

Henry   Porteus   Ranney.   Putney,    Vt. 

Mrs.  Hiram  Mason  Ranney,  Northfield,  Minn. 

Howard  A.  Ranney.  South  Hadley,  Mass. 

James  Parham  Ranney.  McMullen.  Mo. 

Jennie  P.  Ranney,  Concord,  Vt. 

Joel  Cyrus  Ranney,  Ames,  Kan. 

Joseph  Addison  Ranney,  Arkansas  City.  Kan. 

Julia  I.  Ranney,  Chicago,  111. 

Keith  I.  Ranney.  Cleveland,  O. 

Laura  Ranney,  Jackson,  Mo. 

*Luke  Frank  Ranney. 

Lynn  A.  Ranney,  Cleveland,  O. 

Mabel  Ranney,  Los  Angeles.  Cal. 

Mary  Eliza  Ranney,  Penfield.  N.  Y. 

Mary  Gayle  Ranney,  Jackson.  Mo. 

Matthias  Guy  Ranney,  San  Antonio,  Texas. 

Nathan  Huse  Ranney,  Marlboro,  Mass. 

Nellie  M.  Ranney,  Concord,  Vt. 

Orlando  B.  Ranney.  M.  D.,  Kalamazoo,  Mich. 

Perry  C.  Ranney,  Elkhorn,  Wis. 

*Philip  M.  Ranney. 

R.  L.  Ranney.  Chicago.  111. 

Raymond  Ralph  Ranney,  Springfield,  Mass. 


*Keuben  W.  Raiiney. 

Robert  B.  Ranney,  Cleveland,  O. 

Sarah  Kinney  Ranney,  Cleveland.  O. 

Willis  Edward  Ranney,  Springfield,  Mass. 

William  Stillwell  Ranney,  Cleveland,  O. 

Susan  E.   Ranney,  Cleveland,  O. 

William  Henry  Ranney,  Derry,  N.  H. 

W.  L.  Ranney,  Orange,  Mass. 

*W.  S.  Ranney. 

William  W.  Ranney,  Austin,  Minn. 

Willis  Leland  Ranney,  Springfield,  Mass. 

Mrs.  Frances  Elizabeth  Risley,  Hartford,  Conn. 

William  M.  Risley,  Hartford,  Conn. 

Cyrus  Root,  Laurel,  Md. 

Mrs.  Nettie  Ranney  Rossman,  Paola,  Kan. 

A.  B.  Sage,  Shefiield,  Mass. 

George  H.  Sage,  Hartford,  Conn. 

Ira  Yale  Sage,  Sr.,  Atlanta.  Ga. 

John  Hall  Sage,  Portland,  Conn. 

Mrs.  F.  E.  Sanford,  La  Grange,  111. 

E.  A.  Savage,  Southampton,  Pa. 
Charles  C.  Savage,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 
Mrs.  Emma  D.  Schenk,  ^Nlaywood.  111. 
Chloe  Savage  Seymour,  Kenwood,  N.  Y. 

F.  A.  Short,  Grove  City,  Pa. 

Mrs.  Frederick  Simmons,  Sanquoit,  N.  Y. 

Mrs.  Isabelle  Sage  Sloan.  Hartford,  Conn. 

H.  N.  Snow,  Durham,  N.  C. 

A.  C.  Smith,  Livermore,  Ky. 

George  Richmond  Smith,  Cromwell.  Conn. 

Mrs.   Howard   Smith,   Watertown,    Conn. 

Jackson  Wolcot  Sparrow,  Cincinnati,  O. 

Mrs.  Maud  Ranney  Starkweather,  Ash  Fork.  Arizona. 

Mrs.  Spencer  Solomon  Steele,  Beloit,  Wis. 

W.  H.  Stephens,  Lowville,  N.  Y. 

C.  A.  Stephens,  Cincinnati,  O. 

Mrs.  Charles  H.  Stevens,  St.  Johnsbury,  Vt. 

Rev.  Charles  Elliott  St.  John,  Brookline,  Mass. 

Rev.  Amer  M.  Stocking,  Onarga,  111. 

Charles  H.  Stocking,  New  York  City. 

Mrs.  R.  S.  Taft,  Burlington,  Vt. 

Mary  Kingsbury  Talcott,  Hartford,  Conn. 

Mrs.  Laura  Butler  Taylor,  Louisville.  Ky. 

Mrs.  I.  N.  Terry,  Utica,  N.  Y. 

*Mrs.  Priscilla  E.  Throne. 

*John  D.  Tibbits. 

Mrs.   John  Henry  Trent,   Brooklyn,   N.   Y. 

Mrs.  Joseph  R.  Walden,  Spruce  Corner,  Mass. 

Mrs.  William  A.  Waterbury,,  New  Haven,  Conn. 

Mrs.  Caroline  A.  Wheeler,  Northport,  L.  I. 

Aaron  Johnson  White.  Hammond.  La. 

A.  L.  White.  Peirce  City,  Mo. 

Anna  M.  White,  Utica.  N.  Y. 

Anna  S.  White,  Waterbury,  Conn. 

Charles  Carroll  White,  Utica,  N.  Y. 


Cornelia  B.  White,  Utica,  N.  Y. 

Delancey  P.  White,  Utica,  N.  Y. 

Florilla  M.  White,  Utica,  N.  Y. 

Henry  Hobart  White.  St.  Paul,  Minn. 

Hugh  White,  Utica.  N.  Y. 

H.  Lawrence  White,  Utica,  N.  Y. 

Isabel  White,  Utica,  N.  Y. 

John  Dolbear  White,  Utica.  N.  Y. 

Mary  P.  White,  Utica.  N.  Y. 

Richard  Allyn  White.  Greenwich,  Conn. 

William  Pierrepout  White.  Utica.  N.  Y. 

William  Roland  White,  Westfield,  Mass. 

Mrs.  H.  K.  Wight.  Indian  Orchard.  Mass. 

F.   B.  Wightman.   New  Rochelle,   N.   Y. 

Henry  White  Wilcox.  Winsted.  Conn. 

jNIarius  W.  Wilcox.  Middletown,  Conn. 

F.  H.  Williams,  M.  D.,  Bristol.  Conn. 

Frances  Hart  Williams,  Bristol.  Conn. 

Mrs.   Idella   M.   Williams,   Winsted,  Conn. 

J.  G.  Williams.  Holland  Patent.  N.  Y. 

Anna  F.  Willis.  Canon  City,  Col. 

Mrs.  Frances  M.  Willis,  Colorado  Springs,  Col. 

Stanley  J.  Willis,  Cripple  Creek.  Col. 

James  P.  Wilson.  Youngstown.  O. 

Mrs.  James  S.  Wilson.  Concord.  Mass. 

Mrs.  Martha  E.  Wood.  Shelburne  Falls,  Mass. 

Mrs.  L.  Jerome  Woolsey,  Rochester.  N.  Y. 

Rodney  P.  Wright,  Cambridge,  Mass. 



The  Settlement 

Hardly  had  the  Puritans  been  settled  in  and  around  Boston 
than  there  was  a  disposition  to  swarm,  after  the  manner  of  bees. 
The  Connecticut  River  had  been  discovered  both  by  the  Dutch 
and  the  English.  The  former  established  themselves  at  Saybrook 
on  the  west  bank  of  the  river  at  its  mouth,  and  at  Hartford  on 
the  west  bank  at  a  place  still  called  "Dutch  Point."  In  1633 
William  Holmes,  with  a  party  of  colonists,  sailed  up  the  river, 
bringing  with  them  the  frame  and  other  materials  which  they  had 
prepared  for  erecting  a  house.  When  they  reached  Dutch  Point 
he  found  that  the  Dutch  had  built  a  light  fort  and  planted  two 
pieces  of  artillery.  Notwithstanding  their  threats  to  fire  upon  him, 
he  passed  this  fort,  proceeded  up  the  river  six  miles,  landed  on 
the  west  side  near  the  mouth  of  what  is  the  Farmington  River,  and 
erected  and  fortified  his  house  there.  This,  it  is  said,  was  the  first 
house  erected  in  Connecticut. 

During  the  summer  of  1635  others  came  and  planted  settlements 
at  Windsor,  Hartford  and  Wethersfield.  In  1636  the  population 
was  increased  by  the  arrival  at  Hartford  of  the  Rev.  Thomas 
Hooker  and  his  congregation  from  Cambridge,  100  in  all.  A  con- 
gregation came  from  Dorchester  to  Windsor  and  another  from 
Watertown  to  Wethersfield.  Courts  were  early  established,  the 
first  being  held  at  Hartford,  April  26,  1636 ;  the  second  at  Wind- 
sor, June  7,  and  the  third,  September  1.  These  courts  consisted 
of  two  principal  men  from  each  town,  and  were  invested  with  all 
the  legislative  and  judicial  powers  and  functions  of  the  colony. 
The  population  of  the  three  towns  on  the  river  and  the  garrison 
at  Saybrook  had  reached  about  800  persons. 

In  1635  John  Winthrop,  "  Governor  of  the  River  Connecticut," 
had  reached  Saybrook  and  built  a  fort.  The  Pequot  Indians  in 
1636  laid  siege  to  the  fort  and  killed  some  of  the  inhabitants. 
Thereupon  a  court  was  held  at  Hartford  and  steps  were  taken  for 
self-defense  which  meant  the  extermination  of  the  Pequot  tribe. 
An  expedition  of  ninety  men  from  the  three  towns,  joined  by 
friendly  Mohegans  under  Uncas,  descended  the  river  to  Saybrook 
in  1637,  attacked  the  Pequots  at  Groton  and  captured  their  fort. 
Those  who  escaped  fled  to  the  westward  but  were  pursued  to  what 
is  the  southwest  corner  of  'the  State  and  were  captured. 


In  1638  a  settlement  was  made  at  New  Haven.  On  the  14th 
of  January,  1639,  the  free  planters  of  Hartford,  Windsor  and 
Wethersfield  convened  at  Hartford  and  adopted  a  written  con- 
stitution, the  preamble  of  which  stated  it  was  to  preserve  "  the 
libberty  and  purity  of  the  Gospell  and  the  regulation  of  civil  af- 
fairs." On  the  4th  of  June,  1639,  the  free  planters  of  Quinnipiack, 
or  New  Haven,  met  and  formed  a  civil  and  religious  organization. 
The  former  was  a  democracy  under  the  guiding  mind  of  the  Eev. 
Thomas  Hooker;  the  latter  was  a  theocracy  under  the  Eev.  John 
Davenport.  In  1639  Milford  and  Guilford  were  founded  in  the 
colony  of  New  Haven,  the  one  on  the  east  and  the  other  on  the 
west  of,  and  both  adjacent  to,  New  Haven.  In  the  same  year 
Fairfield  and  Stratford  were  founded  under  the  jurisdiction  of 
Connecticut.  In  1639  the  commonwealth  of  Saybrook  was  founded 
by  Colonel  George  Fenwick.  In  1644  the  colony  of  Connecticut 
purchased  from  Colonel  Fenwick  for  £1600  the  jurisdictional  right 
in  the  colony  of  Saybrook.  In  1643  the  colonies  of  Massachusetts, 
Plymouth,  Connecticut  and  New  Haven  formed  a  confederacy  for 
mutual  safety  under  the  name  of  the  "  United  Colonies  of  New 
England."  IBetween  1640  and  1650  other  settlements  were  made 
on  Long  Island  Sound. 

As  a  consequence  of  travel  by  land  and  by  water  between  Hart- 
ford, Windsor  and  Wethersfield  on  the  north  and  the  settlements 
on  the  Sound  to  the  southward  a  knowledge  was  obtained  of  the 
conditions  of  the  land  along  the  west  bank  of  the  Connecticut 
Eiver.  Mattabesett  stood  on  high  ground,  at  the  parting  of  the 
ways,  fourteen  miles  south  of  the  center  of  Hartford.  To  the 
southeast  the  Connecticut  Eiver  made  a  sharp  bend,  reaching 
thirty  miles  to  Saybrook,  and  along  its  bank  was  the  primitive 
road  to  Saybrook.  To  the  southwest,  and  through  a  valley,  stretched 
the  primitive  roadway  to  New  Haven.  In  1639  the  General  Court 
of  Connecticut  made  record  as  follows: 

"  The  menifold  insolencyes  that  have  beene  offered  of  late 
by  the  Indians,  putt  the  Court  in  mind  of  that  w'ch  hath  beene 
too  long  neglected,  viz. :  the  execution  of  justice  upon  the  former 
murtherers  of  the  English  and  it  was  uppon  serious  consideracon 
and  debate  thought  necessary  and  accordingly  determine^,  that 
some  speedy  course  be  taken  herein,  and  for  effecting  hereof 
it  was  concluded  that  100  men  be  levyed  and  sent  down  to  Mat- 
tabesecke,  where  severall  guilty  persons  reside  and  have  beene 
harbored  by  Soheage,  notwithstanding  all  means  by  way  of 
persuation  have  beene  formerly  used  to  him  for  surrendering 
them  upp  into  or  hands;  and  it  is  thought  fit  that  these  coun- 


sells  be  imparted  to  or  friends  at  Quiunipi  [ocke]  that  prvition 
may  be  made  for  the  safety  of  the  new  plantaeons,  and  upon 
their  joynt  consent  to  precede  or  desist." 

Sowheag  had  resided  at  Wethersfield,  and  after  selling  that  tract 
to  the  settlers  there  had  removed  to  "  Mattabesecke."  Pequots  had 
gone  up  to  Wethersfield,  killed  six  men  and  three  women,  had 
carried  away  two  girls,  and  had  taken  refuge  with  Sowheag  at 
Mattabesett.  This  tended  to  increase  the  trouble,  but  the  New 
Haven  colony  did  not  accept  the  invitation.  In  consequence  of 
these  disturbances  no  effort  had  been  made  to  effect  a  settlement 
at  Mattabeseck. 

October  30,  1646,  "  Mr.  Phelps  is  appoynted  w"^  the  Com°^ittee 
for  the  planting  Matabezeke,"  a  name  written  in  various  ways. 

''Mar.  20,  1649-50  And  Sammuell  Smith  senior,  of  Wethers- 
field, to  the  Comittee  about  the  lands  at  Mattabeseck,  in  the  roome 
of  Jeames  Boosy."  This  committee  reported  that  these  lands 
might  support  fifteen  families.  From  the  lower  part  of  Wethers- 
field, first  known  as  Stepney  and  now  as  Rocky  Hill,  to  Middletown 
proper  there  was  but  one  place  where  the  land  on  the  bank  of  the 
river  was  suitable  for  a  settlement.  This  one  favorable  location 
had  high  land  from  north  to  south  of  about  one  hundred  rods, 
ending  in  a  swamp  at  the  north  end,  while  on  the  south  the  land 
was  too  low  for  habitation  for  a  distance  of  a  stretch  of  two 
miles  to  the  Sebethe,  or  Little  River,  Westward  there  was  .a 
swamp,  making  a  ridge  of  one  hundred  rods  in  length  and  eighty 
rods  in  width.  South  of  the  Sebethe  the  land  is  elevated  and  was 
most  favorably  situated  for  a  settlement.  Half  a  mile  back  from 
the  river  rose  "  Indian  Hill "  where  Sowheag  had  his  wigwams. 

In  1650  settlements  were  begun  "  north  of  the  riverett,"  some- 
times written  "  riverlet,"  and  also  "  south  of  the  riverett."  The 
former  in  the  records  is  termed  "the  north  side."  In  1707 
SamueP  Wilcox  bought  of  George^  Stocking  the  homestead  of  the 
deceased  SamueP  Stocking,  situated  in  "  uper  houses." 

The  general  court  of  1651  stated: 

"  It  is  ordered  sentenced  and  decreed  that  Mattabeseck  shall 
bee  a  Towne,  and  that  they  shall  make  choyce  of  one  of  theire 
inhabitants  according  to  order  in  that  case,  that  so  hee  may  take 
the  oath  of  a  Constable,  the  next  convenient  season, 

"  It  is  ordered  that  Mattabeseck  and  Norwaulk  shall  be  rated 
this  present  year  in  their  proporcon,  according  to  the  rule  of 
rating  in  the  Country,  for  theire  cattle,  and  other  visible  estate, 
and  that  ISTorwaakk  shall  present  to  Mr.  Ludlow,  and  Mattabe- 


seek  to  Mr.  Wells,  in  each  Towne  one  inhabitant,  to  bee  sworne 
by  them  Constables  in  theire  severall  Townes." 

In  1652  the  General  Court  authorized  Thomas  Lord  of  Hart- 
ford to  act  in  all  the  towns  "  both  for  setting  of  bones  and  other- 
wise, as  at  all  times,  occasions  and  necessityes  may  or  shal  require." 
His  fees  were  fixed.  "  To  any  house  in  Mattabeseck,  eight  shil- 





^0T£  ne  names  o/ Permct77cd6- 

;JOHn-Savage|  |4 % 

From  September,  1652,  to  September,  1653,  and  in  May  and 
October,  1655,  William  Smith  represented  the  town  in  the  Gen- 
eral Court;  John  Hall,  Jr.,  in  May,  1653;  William  Cornwell  in 
May  and  October,  1654;  Thomas  Wetmore  in  September,  1654; 
Robert  Webster  from  September,  1653,  to  May,  1655,  in  May, 
and  October,  1656,  in  October,  1657,  in  October,  1658,  and  in  May, 
1695;  George  Grave  from  October.  1657,  to  October,  1658;  Samuel 
Stocking,  ten  sessions  from  May,  1658,  to  October,  1681.    Xathan- 


iel  White  was  almost  continually  a  member  from  October,  1659,  to 
October,  1710,  his  death  at  82  occurring  in  August,  1711.  William 
Smith  was  the  first  land  recorder  and  the  first  page  of  volume  one 
is  a  fair  sample  of  his  style  of  penmanship.  His  home  lot  was  the 
property  now  occupied  by  the  Catholic  church  in  Middletown. 
Eobert  Webster  was  appointed  recorder  in  165i. 

Nov.  23,  1653,  "  This  Court  approueves  that  the  name  of  the 
Plantatyon  commonly  caled  Mattabesick  shall  for  time  to  come 
bee  Middelltowne." 

In  1652  a  log  church  was  erected,  by  the  side  of  the  home  lot 
of  Thomas  Allyn,  where  now  stands  the  huge  boulder  with  its 
bronze  tablet  erected  at  the  time  of  the  celebration  in  1900.  of  the 
250th  anniversary  of  the  settlement  of  the  town.  But  this  "  set- 
tlement "  included  the  "  north  side  "  as  well  as  the  "  south  side," 
and  these  twins  were  not  disjoined  till  1851,  when  the  "  north 
of  the  riverett "  became  the  town  of  Cromwell. 

The  settlement  "  north  of  the  riverett "  bordered  on  the  river 
as  far  as  high  land  extended.  The  street  running  north  and  south, 
now  known  as  Pleasant  Street,  was  38  rods  back  from,  and  parallel 
to,  the  river  and  78  rods  in  length.  There  being  a  swamp  north 
of  Nathaniel  White's,  a  low  meadow  south  of  Savage's,  Bloom- 
field's,  and  Martin's,  and  a  swamp  west  of  Pleasant  Street,  an 
engineer  must  have  located  Pleasant  Street;  for  during  the  times 
of  high  fioods  this  settlement  became  an  island.  Five  three-acre 
lots  were  set  off  on  the  east  side  of  Pleasant  Street,  and  the  same 
quantity  to  White,  Savage,  Martin  and  Bloomfield.  Later '  a 
two-acre  lot  on  the  west  side  of  Pleasant  Street  was  granted  to 
each  of  the  five  residing  on  the  east  side  of  that  street  and  the 
same  kindness  was  shown  to  the  others  by  enlarging  their  "  home 
lots."    Such  was  the  extent  of  the  provision  for  the  settlers. 

Lands  in  various  directions  were  recorded  as  "  grants  "  to  the 
settlers  and  almost  from  the  first  "  Pistol  Point,  Little  Meadow, 
Dead  Swamp,  Pound  Meadow,  Goose's  Delight,  Timber  Hill, 
Wolf  Pit  Hill,  Boggy  Meadow,  Fur  Neck,  Hither  Neck  "  were  and 
jtill  are  familiar  names. 

sxiii  are  laminar  names.  ^ 


By  1659  Webster  and  Grave  had  returned  to  Hartford,  and 
Smith  and  Treat  to  Wethersfield,  the  two  latter  on  March  10,  1657, 
having  transferred  their  combined  homesteads  to  John  Wilcox, 
who  soon  transferred  it  to  Samuel  Hall  and  removed  to  Dor- 
chester, Mass.,  but  returned  a  few  years  later.    In  1653  the  General 


Court  had  ordered  John-  Wilcox  to  occupy  his  grant  or  find  a 
suitable  substitute.  John  Kirby  had  purchased  George  Grave's 
2-acre  lot  on  the  west  side  of  the  highway.  In  1G55  a  pound, 
50  X  66  feet,  had  been  located  south  of  this  lot  in  which  stray 
cattle  were  to  be  impounded.  For  several  years  no  one  came  to 
occupy  the  west  side  3-acre  lots  of  Webster,  Smith,  and  Treat, 
while  Thomas  Eany  and  John  Warner  had  been  granted  the  home- 
steads of  Grave  and  Webster,  respectively,  on  the  east  side  of  the 
highway.  The  next  arrival  was  David  Sage.  On  May  10,  1663, 
the  town  meeting  voted  to  him  a  "  house  lott  on  the  other  side 
the  riveret  on  the  other  side  the  Highway  beyond  the  corner  of 
Goodman  White  his  fence  on  the  west  side  of  the  Highway  to 
Hartford,  siding  by  Goodman  Stockins  lott  soe  much  as  may  not 
prejudice  the  Highway  or  outlett  of  the  cattel  which  the  Inhabi- 
tants on  that  side  shall  determine  and  Bound  According  to  their 
discretion."  Instead  of  building  on  this  grant  David,  who  had 
looked  with  longing  eyes  on  Mary  Kirby,  preferred  to  locate  next 
to  his  prospective  father-in-law.  On  May  9,  1665,  there  was 
recorded  to  him  twelve  square  rods  "  whereon  his  house  standeth,'^ 
a  very  limited  area  for  a  "  house  lott "  in  that  day.  Just  before 
that  the  town  had  "  ordered  that  Eobert  Warner  shall  forthwith 
see  what  the  town  hath  suffered  by  David  Sage's  pulling  down 

the and  so  to  get  the  town  rited  for  soon  as  may  be  in  that 

case."  The  trouble  seems  to  have  been  settled,  for  soon  David  is 
given  five  acres  from  his  "  father,"  John  Kirby,  adjoining 
his  small  "  home  lot "  in  exchange  for  that  first  granted  to  Mr. 
Sage  "  for  a  home  lot."  John  Kirby  in  time  established  his  son 
Joseph  thereon.  In  1695  Joseph  sold  it  to  Kathaniel  W^iite  for 
his  son  Jacob  and  it  remained  in  the  White  family  till  a  few  years 
ago.  David  Sage  had.  pre-empted  the  town  pound  of  "  twelve  square 
rods  "  and  had  to  settle  for  so  doing. 

On  Dec.  23,  1663,  the  town  granted  to  Thomas  Hubbard  "five 
acres  for  a  home  lot  and  five  acres  additional  where  will  be  most 
convenient  for  him  and  not  inconvenient  for  the  town,  he  ingaging 
to  build  upon  it  and  not  to  make  sale  of  it  till  he  hath  inhabited 
upon  it  4  years."  The  committee.  White,  Warner  and  Stocking, 
located  it  on  the  three  2-acre  lots  which  had  ])een  granted  to  Web- 
ster, Smith  and  Treat.  He  built  his  house  on  the  southeast  cor- 
ner. Wilcox,  in  1657,  had  sold  his  Smith-Treat  purchase  to 
Samuel-  Hall  (John),  and,  it  is  said,  had  removed  to  Dorchester, 
Mass.,  but  had  returned,  for  on  Nov.  1,  1665  Hubbard  deeded  to 
him  three  acres  and  one  house  "  where  J.  Wilcox  occupieth." 
While  Hubbard  did  not  observe  the  four-year  limit,  it  may  be 
that  as  he  had  built  his  own  house  near  the  southeast  corner  of 


his  lot,  it  was  considered  that  he  had  not  violated  the  spirit  of  the 
grant.     His  1663-4  well-curb  now  adorns  "  Stocking  Triangle." 

On  Nov.  6,  1666,  the  settlement  seems  to  have  reached  its 
limit,  for  it  extended  Samnel  Stocking's  2-acre  west  side  lot  to  be 

9  acres,  John  Kirby's  to  8  acres,  and  Thomas  Hubbard's  to  2-4 
acres,  "  first  given  to  Joseph  Smith,  Eobert  Webster  and  Matthias 

In   March,   1666,   there  was  granted  to   "  Thomas  Wetmore   a 

house  lot  for  himself  or  son  on  the  north  side  the  riverlet  next 

'  to  John  Savage's  swamp,  abutting  on  the  highway  which  comes 

straight  up  to  John  Savage's  between  him  and  Thomas  Hubbard, 

abutting  on  John  Warner's  south  and  the  highway  west,  to  be 

10  or  12  acres."  Similar  grants  were  given  to  Obadiah  Allen  and 
Samuel  Egelstone.  But  all  sold  out  these  rights  without  building 
and  it  was  scores  of  years  before  any  houses  were  erected  on  these 

The  next  addition  of  an  inhabitant  was  Thomas  Stow,  Jr.,  to 
whom  on  March  17,  1678-79  there  was  granted  "  a  piece  of  land 
at  the  rear  of  David  Sage's  and  Deacon  Stocking's  and  Joseph 
Kirbie's  on  the  north  of  ,that  which  was  granted  to  John  Wil- 
cock's  as  the  land  will  alow  not  prejudicing  highways."  The  com- 
mittee to  lay  it  out  was  "  Lieut.  White,  Deacon  Stocking  and 
Samuel  Hall."  But  as  Mr.  Stow's  father-in-law.  Deacon  Stock- 
ing, chose  to  build  for  his  daughter,  Mrs.  Stow,  on  a  tract  on  the 
road  to  Hartford  next  north  of  jSTathaniel  White's,  Mr.  Stow  never 
"  improved  "  this  grant.  He  sold  it  to  John  Caton,  who  failed  to 
improve  it.  The  south  part  was  sold  by  them  to  Samuel  Gipson 
and  the  north  part  became  the  cemetery  of  1713.  In  1687  Edward 
Shepherd  came  for  a  bride  in  the  person  of  Abigail  -  Savage  and 
he  received  a  grant  on  the  west  side  of  the  road  to  Hartford  and 
on  the  site  of  the  present  Congregational  church.  John  Clark  of 
Haddam  found  a  bride  in  the  person  of  Elizabeth  White,  daughter 
of  Capt.  Nathaniel  White,  and  purchased  the  south  half  of  the 
original  Thomas  Hubbard  place.  He  was  son  of  William  Clarke 
of  Haddam,  who  is  recorded  as  having  been  servant  to  John  Crow 
of  Hartford.  He  occupied  till  1731  the  house  built  in  1663-4 
by  Thomas  Hubbard,  and  gave  the  property  to  his  son  John,  who 
became,  1737,  the  first  settler  in  East  Hampton  on  what  is  known 
as  Clark's  Hill,  where  he  lived  to  an  advanced  age,  giving  each 
son  a  farm. 

On  April  29,  1669,  it  was  "voted  and  agreed  that  on  the  north 
side  the  river  these  lands  shall  lye  comon  forever.  This  land 
l)uteth  on  Thomas  Hubbards  home  lot  which  the  town  voted  him 
for  a  home  lot  and  David  Sages  and  Samuel  Stockings  and  John 


Kirbys  and  Thomas  Hubbards  east  and  on  Thomas  Wetmores  and 
Obadiah  Allins  and  Samuel  Egelstones  land  south  and  the  Stony 
brook  [now  Chestnut  Brook]  west,  John  Savage's  wood  lot  north." 
There  had  been  great  trouble  in  deciding  as  to  how  much  land 
each  "  inhabitant "  was  entitled  and  for  some  years  the  discussion 
had  waxed  warm.    Finally  on — 

"  March  the  on  and  twentieth  1670  or  71.  The  towne  voted 
and  agreed  to  present  there  request  and  seek  the  help  of  Cap- 
tayne  John  Talcot  and  Leif  tenant  John  Alin  in  these  pertieque- 
lers,  following 

"  first,  conserning  the  true  proprietours  of  the  plantation 
whether  the  present  accepted  inhabitants  are  not  for  to  be  ac- 
counted who  are  or  shal  be  esteemed  inhabitants  to  whom  the 
propriaty_  of  undivided  lands  belong  unto. 

"  secondly,  conserning  the  rule  of  the  devision  of  undevided 
lands,  whither  by  poll  or  persons  and  estats,  or  by  the  contry 
[country  tax]  list  only,  or  some  other  way/'  and  much  more 
to  the  same  effect.  "  The  Comity  is  Ensign  White  William 
Cheney  William  Ward,  John  Wilcocke." 

Captain  Talleott  and  Lieut.  Allyn  made  an  extended  report  to 
which  the  inhabitants  had  in  advance  promised  obedience,  and 
they  repo-rted  "  The  nams  of  the  proprioters  of  Middletown  with 
their  estats,  taken  March  22'i^  1670."  Those  residing  "  north  of 
the  riverett "  were : 

Anthony  Martine 

£  60-10 

David   Sage 


Ensig-n  AVhite 


Samuell   Stockin 


Thomas   Eany 


John  Warner 


John  Wilcocke 


Samuell  Halle 


John  Savedg 


Thomas  Hubard 


John  Cerbys 


The  families  of  the  children  soon  called  for  homesteads,  so  on 
"  Jan.  28,  169^  the  inhabitants  on  north  side  shall  have  liberty 
to  lay  out  eight  house  lots  not  exceeding  four  acres  apiece  in  the 
comon,  on  that  side,  as  they  among  themselves  shall  see  best." 

On  the  12th  of  the  same  month  the  town  ''  confirmed  their 
grant  to    [Eev.]  .Mr.   Eussell  to  a  piece  of  swamp  land  of  ten 


acres  against  hornet  bay  at  the  east  end  of  that  swamp  and  south 
of  the  river,  and  that  the  remainder  of  that  swamp  land  to  lye  for 
a  parsnage  for  the  town  til  our  neighbors  on  the  north  side  doe 
stand  in  need  of  it  on  that  side  for  the  use  of  their  ministry." 
This  fine  meadow  lot  of  27  acres  is  to-day  the  property  of  the 
Cromwell  Congregational  Society,  and  in  the  days  of  the  early 
pastors  it  was  a  source  of  much  annoyance,  as  may  be  seen  later. 
It  adjoins  "  Goose's  Delight."  In  1673  and  as  late  as  1750  very 
extensive  distributions  were  recorded.  The  "  northwest  quarter," 
now  a  part  of  Berlin,  was  to  be  divided  among  the  "  north  side  " 
proprietors  and  their  descendants,  who  also  received  extensive  al- 
lotments on  the  east  side  the  great  river.  In  1721  there  was  a 
great  distribution  of  the  Wonguuk  meadows  on  the  east  side  of  the 
great  river  and  lot  number  200  was  set  off  to  "  old  Cap  White," 
who  had  died  in  1711.  By  his  will  of  August,  1711,  one-fourth  of 
his  undivided  lands  was  to  be  for  the  "  schools  already  established," 
and  in  1745  this  one-quarter  of  lot  200  was  sold  to  his  grandson 
Hugh  and  the  proceeds  constitute  to-day  a  part  of  the  "  local 
school  funds"  of  Middletown,  Cromwell  and  Portland.  To  show 
the  slow  progress  of  this  distribution  of  outlying  lands  it  is 
here  stated  that  while  Thomas  ^  Ranney  had  located  a  mile  north 
of  the  center  of  Cromwell  on  what  is  now  known  as  the  S.  V. 
Hubbard  place  and  had  raised  a  large  family  thereon,  it  was 
not  till  1742  that  to  Thomas  *  Ranney  there  was  allotted  the  land 
since  known  as  Prospect  Hill  and  which  is  nearer  to  the  center 
than  the  place  on  which  Thomas  *  was  born. 

The  Ferry  Question 

Traveling  between  Hartford  and  the  settlements  on  Long  Island 
Sound  made  the  ferry  over  Sebethe  River  at  Middletown  a  matter 
"of  great  importance.  The  Sebethe  (Little)  River,  the  "riverett" 
of  the  early  records,  empties  into  the  "  Great  River  "  nearly  two 
miles  south  of  the  Upper  Houses  settlement  and  is  of  the  width  of 
an  ordinary  road.  The  crossing  of  it  in  those  early  days  required  a 
ferry  boat,  and  as  early  as  1658  it  was  voted  "to  make  a  new  ferry 
canoe  30  feet  long  5  broad,  inside  to  be  made  of  the  nut  trees  and 
for  which  the  town  agrees  to  give  John  Hall  4  pds  in  coyne  " ;  and 
a  committee  was  authorized  "  to  agree  about  keeping  the  ferry  with 
Thomas  Allyn  or  any  other  man."  Thomas  was  the  nearest  settler 
to  the  ferry  on  the  south  side.  When  Thomas  Hubbard  came  to 
the  Upper  Houses  a  few  years  later,  though  he  lived  nearly  two 
miles  from  the  ferry  and  the  low  meadow  intervening  rendered  it 
inconvenient  to  erect  any  house  thereon,  he  seems  to  have  coveted 


the  job.  As  every  person  from  Hartford  or  the  Upper  Houses  had 
to  pass  his  residence  in  going  southward  to  Middletown  it  was 
easy  to  give  him  notice  of  needing  his  services;  but  if  he  expected 
to  remain  all  day  at  the  ferry  to  accommodate  those  from  the 
south  bound  northward  he  must  have  expected  a  lonely  time.  The 
record  reads:  "Dec.  ye-26-1667,  Ensign  White  &  Samuell  Stock- 
ing to  present  ye  agreement  with  Thomas  Hubbard  concerning  ye 
keeping  of  ye  ferry  according  to  ye  terms  he  gave  in  to  ye  town 

meeting  in  writing." 


As  the  sons  of  the  founders  had  crossed  the  "  great  river  "  in 
1709  and  made  a  settlement,  starting  a  "  Society,"  which  meant 
the  opening  of  a  school  and  the  erection  of  a  church,  it  was  im- 
portant that  there  should  be  convenient  ferry  privileges,  but  the 
first  record  is  May,  1759.  "  On  memorial  of  Daniel  Brewer  and 
sundry  other  inhabitants  of  Middletown  showing  that  there  is  a 
need  of  a  ferry  across  the  Connecticut  river  from  the  building  yard 
in  the  north  society  called  Upper  Houses  as  appears  by  memorial 
on  file,"  etc.,  liberty  is  granted  to  Mr.  Brewer  and  rates  are  estab- 
lished. This  ferry  was  established  from  a  point  some  distance 
above  the  building  yard  (ship  yard)  to  what  is  now  known  as 
"  Indian  Avenue "  on  the  east  side  of  the  river,  this  "  avenue " 
being  a  road  laid  out  where  the  first  settlement  was  made  on  the 
east  side,  and  on  it  to-day  are  some  very  ancient  houses. 

On  Feb.  5,  1682-3,  it  was  voted  to  build  a  "  cart  bridge  over  the 
fery  river,"  and  in  1693  a  contract  was  made  with  Francis  Whit- 
more  "  to  erect  and  build  a  substantial  stone  bridge  over  the  fery 
river  for  carting  over  and  ganging  under  itt."  A  dispute  arose 
as  to  the  meaning  of  this  vote  and  "  Jan.  3  1699  or  1700  "  the 
town  interpreted  the  meaning  to  be  that  he  must  depend  on  volun- 
tary contributions  and  that  it  should  be  a  free  bridge.  He  did 
build,  but  litigation  arose  over  it  with  his  widow  and  on  June  5, 
1721,  the  town  appointed  a  committee  "  to  protect  the  town's  in- 
terest as  to  the  towns  bridge  over  the  ferry  river  or  Riverett  with 
the  Whitmores  or  any  other  person  or  persons  .  .  .  and  to 
proceed  from  court  to  court "  and  much  more  like  it. 

In  1710  John  Clark's  boat  at  the  ferry  was  allowed  "  2^  a  week 
in  country  pay  " ;  voted,  Jan.  15,  1711-12  "  to  build  a  new  boat 
to  be  carryed  on  by  the  present  townsmen."  "Jan.  13-1712-13 
voted  a  pence  and  half  pence  on  the  £  for  town  charges  and  to 
purchase  the  fery  hous  and  to  procure  a  fery  rope." 

On  Dec.   17,   1798,  a  committee  was  appointed  to  "  view  and 


examine  the  bridge  built  over  Little  River  by  Mr.  Elisha  Stow 
and  agree  with  him."  This  was  an  open  bridge  which  stood  till 
about  1840,  when  a  covered  bridge  was  erected  and  which  stood 
till  1783,  when  the  present  iron  bridge  took  its  place. 

The  Early  Highways 

On  January  6,  1656,  it  was  voted  to  lay  out  a  highway  "  through 
the  West  field,"  and  White,  Webster,  Grave  and  Stocking  were  the 
committee  to  do  it  within  fourteen  days.  This  was  an  extension, 
westward  from  the  river,  of  the  highway  between  what  were  the 
Savage-Martin-Bloomfield  lots  on  the  south  side  and  what  became 
the  Hubbard  lot  on  the  north  side.  It  was  to  enable  the  settlers 
to  reach  their  outlying  lands  at  Hither  Neck,  Fur  Neck,  Round 
Meadow,  Boggy  Meadow,  Goose's  Delight  and  Timber  Hill.  It 
was  on  the  south  side  of  this  extended  roadway  that  the  allotments 
heretofore  named  were  made  to  Allyn,  Eggelstone  and  Wetmore, 
who  never  built  on  them,  preferring  to  remain  on  the  south  side. 
On  April  29,  1669,  this  road  was  a  subject'  of  contention  between 
John  Savage,  who  had  bought  the  Bloomfield  place,-  and  Thomas 
Hubbard  who  lived  opposite,  for  on  this  day  the  town  appointed 
a  committee  "  to  settle  the  highway  on  the  rivulett  between  John 
Savage's  land  and  Thomas  Hubbards  and  to  measure  the  street 
at  those  houses  to  see  if  there  be  no  incroachments  and  make  re- 

The  traveled  track  to  Hartford  could  not  have  been  much  better 
than  a  blazed  pathway  till  Wethersfield  was  reached.  On  March 
8,  1670,  voted  "  the  land  lying  on  the  north  side  the  river  between 
the  lots  going  to  Hartford  near  the  plains  [upper  Cromwell  and 
still  known  as  "  The  Plains  "]  being  laid  for  a  highway  shall  lye 
comon  forever."  Jan.  15,  1700  a  committee,  Hamlin,  White 
and  Clark,  are  appointed  to  lay  out  a  highway  of  20  rods  wide  for 
a  country  road  across  the  plains  to  Wethersfield  bounds  as  they 
shall  find  most  convenient. 

On  June  19,  1719,  a  committee  was  appointed  to  lay  out  and 
state  (stake?)  the  highway  or  country  road  across  the  plains  to 
Wethersfield  bounds.  The  layout  of  the  highway  could  hardly 
have  been  satisfactory,  as  the  granting  of  extensive  tracts  were 
being  made  on  unoccupied  territory.  In  1695  a  tract  of  five  hun- 
dred acres  in  this  section  was  granted  to  Nathaniel  White,  and  a 
stone  marked  "  N.  W.  1698  "  still  stands  at  its  northwest  corner, 
while  on  the  opposite  side  "J  B  "  means  that  Joseph  Butler  was 
given  the  land  adjoining  on  the  north. 

April  23,  1725,  a  committee  including  Capt.  William  Savage 


and  Serg.  John  Sage  was  appointed  "  to  see  that  all  highways  were 
laid  out  as  the  record  requires."  On  Oct.  1,  1725  this  committee 
reported  they  had  laid  out  "  a  necessary  highway  on  the  north 
side  the  fery  river  in  Middletown  where  the  present  fery  place 
is  now  used,  and  hath  been  for  many  years,  the  S.  W.  corner 
being  a  large  elm  marked  to  which  tree  the  fery  rope  hath  been 
usually  fastened  too,  in  flood  times  and  from  sd  tree  northward 
two  rods  wide  where  was  pitched  a  stake  and  so  to  continue  two 
rods  wide  so  far  eastward  towards  the  great  river  eight  rods  and 
then  one  rod  by  the  highway  by  the  great  river,  30^  to  be  pd  the 
owners  of  land  taken."  This  was  the  original  traveled  path  along 
the  river  bank  to  the  John  Savage  corner. 

In  1725  there  was  laid  out  a  road  ten  rods  wide  from  the  "  n.  w. 
quarter,"  now  East  Berlin,  to  connect  at  the  plains  with  the  road 
leading  to  Hartford.  All  that  is  now  left  of  that  20  rod  highway 
to  Hartford  is  the  lane  from  north  to  south,  just  east  of  the  August 
David  homestead.  In  1770  and  again  in  1794  the  town  bought 
strips  four  rods  wide  to  extend  the  roadway  of  1725  to  connect 
with  the  new  road  to  Hartford.  In  1802  a  turnpike  was  laid  out 
by  the  Great  and  General  Court  from  Hartford  to  Saybrook,  to 
be  four  rods  wide  except  as  otherwise  named.  It  went  generally 
over  the  established  highways,  but  from  the  north  end  of  the  North 
Society,  at  a  point  near  the  house  of  Gershom  Butler,  it  left  the  old 
road  and  went  through  the  fields  for  a  distance  of  a  mile,  when 
it  met  and  followed  the  old  road  till  it  reached 

"  on  the  old  road  or  street  to  a  point  40  links  in  front  of  the 
front  door  of  the  meeting  house  in  Middletown  Upper  Houses; 
thence  S.  11°  10'  W.  73  chains  (292  rods)  33  links  crossing 
the  fields  in  the  meadows  to  a  point  in  the  old  road  at  59 
links  from  the  river  bank  being  36  links  of  the  center  of  the 
path  of  travel." 

On  Dec.  4,  1727  there  was  laid  out  "  a  country  road  from  new- 
field  fery  river  on  to  the  plains  into  the  old  road  that  leads  to 
Hartford  eight  rods  wide."  Capt.  Jared  Shepherd  was  the  first 
to  build  on  this  road  near  "  fery "  river.  This  property  is  now 
owned  by  Mr.  Seth  Paddock.  The  Shepherd  house  and  oak  tree 
are  given  herewith.  This  road  became  the  dividing  line  between  the 
west  and  the  northwest  school  districts  of  the  present  town.  What 
had  been  known  as  the  "  n.  w.  quarter"  had  been  taken,  1772, 
from"  the  Middletown  North  Society  to  become  a  part  of  the  Worth- 
ington  Society,  now  in  the  town  of  Berlin,  but  the  land  had  been 
alloted  to  North  Society  people  who  had  settled  thereon. 


April  26,  1737,  a  committee  including  Isaac  White,  John  Kirby 
and  Daniel  Sage,  was  appointed  to  remove  encroachments  on  high- 
ways, and  many  times  to  1800  similar  committees  were  ordered. 

In  1795  on  the  petition  of  forty-two  persons  a  road  two  and 
a  half  rods  wide  was  laid  out  along  the  river  bank  from  the  corner 
of  the  John  Savage  home  lot  to  the  corner  of  jSTathaniel  White's 
home  lot.  The  record  gives  the  frontage  of  each  piece  of  prop- 
erty and  the  amount  paid  each  owner  for  land  taken.  The  river 
bank  thereafter  was  used  for  wharves  and  shipbuilding.  In  1803 
a  narrow  street  was  thrown  out  from  Pleasant  Street  to  River 
Street  through  the  original  Joseph  Smith  home  lot,  and  in  1807 
a  schoolhouse  known  as  the  "  Bell "  schoolhouse,  two  stories  high, 
was  erected  and  used  till  the  Nathaniel  White  schoolhouse  was 
opened  on  Jan.  6,  1902.  The  reproduction  of  the  U.  S.  Coast 
Survey  map  shows  these  later  village  streets. 

The  First  Mills 

Beyond  the  original  settlement  and  to  the  northwest  is  a  small 
stream  which  flows  in  a  southwesterly  direction  to  Little  River  and 
was  early  known  as  Chestnut  Brook.  Near  its  mouth  it  passes 
over  a  brownstone  ledge  and  then  through  a  deep  ravine,  making 
a  natural  dam  site  and  a  favorable  location  for  a  mill.  To 
Thomas  Miller,  son  of  the  Thomas  Miller  to  whom  in  lower  Mid- 
dletown  a  mill  site  was  granted  in  1655,  there  was  granted  "  Jan. 
25,  1714 — 15  the  right  to  set  a  grist  mill  on  Chestnut  Brook  by 
the  falls  on  the  north  side  the  fery  and  also  3  A  of  land  above 
the  falls  for  the  mill  plot  with  the  privilege  of  digging  and  dam- 
ming so  far  as  the  brook  rims  in  the  towns  comons,  not  to  pond 
the  highway — and  must  do  this  in  3  yrs.  or  pay  20^  a  year  to  the 
town  till  he  does."  On  Jan.  17,  1715-16,  this  land  was  recorded 
and  bounded  "  N.  stream;  S.  Highway;  W.  Common  fence;  E.  town 
commons."  This  mill  privilege  at  the  base  and  on  the  west  side 
of  Timber  Hill  has  been  used  as  a  mill  privilege  to  very  recent 
years.  The  ancient  wheel  and  the  old  mill  are  to  be  seen  in  the 
illustration.  On  Jan.  13,  1718  Thomas  Miller,  Jr.,  paid  a  fine  of 
20^  for  not  building  on  time.  ^On  Dec.  21,  1721  the  town  voted 
half  an  acre  northerly  of  his  grist  mill  and  on  Dec.  26,  1721 
Capt.  John  Savage  and  Capt.  William  Savage  were  appointed  a 
committee  to  lay  out  a  small  parcel  of  land  "  n.  w.  side  the  Brook 
for  Thomas  Miller,  Jr.  to  build  on." 

Northward  of  the  settlement  and  easterly  of  the  highway  to 
Hartford  is  a  valley  with  numerous  springs,  in  early  days  known 
as  Cold  Spring,  which  was  the  property  of  Thomas  Ranney  whose 


distribution  of  it  to  his  heirs  is  recorded  in'  his  will  of  1711. 
Eastward  of  this  highway  was  a  high  ridge,  "  Sideling  Hill,"  ex- 
tending a  mile  to  the  river,  covered  now,  as  then,  with  forest  trees. 
South  of  and  under  this  ridge  and  along  to  the  river  is  a  road  called 
the  "  Nuiks  "  road,  and  John  Sage  resided  on  this  road  near 
the  Cold  Spring  reservoir  outlet.  On  Dec.  25th,  1732  the  town 
gave  authority  to  John-  Sage  "  to  erect  a  grist  mill  on  the  stream 
that  runs  across  the  highway  near  to  sd  Sages  dwelling  house  & 
the  liberty  to  erect  a  dam  so  as  to  flow  the  highway  provided  he 
make  and  forever  maintain  a  good  sufficient  bridge  or  causeway 
across  sd  water  for  hors  cart  foot  and  team  at  all  times,  provided 
sd  Sage  grind  the  corn  of  the  town  inhabitants  before  any 

On  Dec.  20,  1712  the  town  released  John  Sage  from  the  obli- 
Jj      ^  gation  to  maintain   the  bridge  near   the 

\0^'vri  r<7^^  .^^jy  "^^^^  ^^  ^^^  erected,  and  granted  him  a 
\J  Af    ^^y      privilege  to  erect  a  warehouse  "  near  the 

C-/  landing  place  by  Mr.  Samuel  Frary's 
[John  Savage  on  map],  not  exceeding  30  ft.  sq.  and  a  place  for  a 
wharf  to  answer  the  same."  The  committee  to  locate  this  was 
Capt.  Thomas  Johnson  and  Hugh  White,  and  Mr.  Sage  was  to  have 
"the  produce  [toll  rates],  of  sd  warehouse  and  wharf  place  as  a 
recompense  for  building  sd  bridge."  In  1780  Giles  Sage  was  per- 
mitted to  add  a  sawmill  in  the  public  highway  near  his  dwelling 
house  in  connection  with  the  grist  mill. 

The  commercial  spirit  of  trade  with  the  West  Indies  and  the 
southern  ports  had  reached  Middletown  proper  and  the  Upper 
Houses,  for,  on  Dec.  24,  1744.  Joseph  Stocking  and  John  Stock- 
ing (the  latter  died  at  "  Statia"  in  1750)  petitioned  for  "  4  Roods 
of  land  Southard  of  Samuel  Frary's  warehouse,  for  a  warehouse 
plot  and  to  build  a  wharf  in  the  river  there."  A  committee  was 
appoiuted  to  "  view  the  sd  place  and  lay  it  out  provided  they  pay 
what  it  is  worth." 

On  Dec.  31,  1781  Capt.  John  Smith  was  given  a  quitclaim  right 
to  erect  a  store  "  at  the  foot  of  his  wharf  near  Capt.  Stocking's 
store."  He  died  in  1784  and  his  widow  Mary  sold  his  interest  in 
the  wharf.    A  map  of  1796  shows  the  two  wharves  then  existing. 

In  1776  Middletown  had  a  larger  population  than  New  Haven 
of  Hartford  and  the  shipbuilding,  West  India  and  coast  trade  made 
many  rich.  The  Upper  Houses  people  were  thoroughly  followers 
of  the  sea,  having  several  shipyards,  wharves  and  storage  or  freight 
houses.  The  trade  consisted  in  carrying  out  mules,  horses  and  hay, 
and  bringing  back  rum,  sugar,  molasses  and  fine  woods.  "  Pipe 
Stave"  swamp  indicated  the  thrifty  business  of  making  and  ear- 


rying  out  staves  in  bundles  to  be  put  into  shape  and  brought 
back  filled  with  rum,  molasses  or  sugar.  Nearly  everyone  was 
or  became  a  Captain,  and  the  records  sadly  tell  the  story  of  those 
who  "  never  came  back."  The  remains  of  the  wharves  are  still  visi- 
ble, and  the  last  storehouse,  the  old  "  Brick  Store,"  has  just 
fallen.  Its  representation  here  reminds  us  of  those  who  "  go  down 
to  the  sea  in  ships." 

Churches  and  Schools 

Near  where  the  Middletown  memorial  of  granite  and  bronze 
stands  was  a  large  elm,  beneath  which,  it  is  said,  the  first  religious 
services  were  held.  On  "February  the  10th,  1G52.  It  was  agreed 
at  a  meeting  at  John  Halls  hous  to  build  a  meeting  hous  and  to 
make  it  twenty  fot  square  and  ten  fot  between  sill  and  plat,  the 
heygt  of  it."  It  was  erected  of  logs  in  the  middle  of  the  street 
and  in  front  of  "  Riverside "  cemetery,  and  was  surrounded  by 
a  palisade  to  protect  against  the  Indians  in  case  of  need.  This 
is  the  first  high  ground  after  crossing  Little  River  from  the  Upper 
Houses,  and  the  location  was  as  convenient  as  possible  to  those 
who  must  travel  from  the  Upper  Houses  two  miles  and  then  cross 
a  river  to  reach  the  church  and  the  cemetery.  The  Rev.  Samuel 
Stow,  a  graduate  of  "  Cambridge  College,"  was  the  preacher  for 
some  years,  but  dissatisfaction  arose,  and  by  the  Great  and  General 
Court  it  was  decided,  Oct.  4,  1660,  that  he  should  cease  to  officiate 
as  soon  as  there  could  be  found  an  "  able,  orthodox  and  pious 
minister  to  be  approved  by  Mr.  Warham,  Mr.  Stone,  Mr.  Whiting 
takeing  in  ye  help  of  ye  Wor'll  Gournr  and  Mr.  Willis  w'ch  being 
done  Mr.  Stow  is  to  lay  down  his  preaching  there,  the  said  Towne 
glueing  Mr.  Stow  Testimonial  Lrs  such  as  the  Gent  forenamed 
judge  fit.  In  ye  meantime  the  Towne  to  allow  Mr.  Stow  his 
vsual  stipend  he  continuing  the  exercise  of  his  ministery  as  for- 
merly." In  those  days  "  Mr."  was  the  title  of  the  pastor  without 
the  prefix  "  Rev."  Attention  was  already  directed  towards  the  Rev. 
Nathaniel  Collins,  son  of  Deacon  Collins  of  Cambridge,  and  grad- 
uate of  Harvard  College,  and  the  Great  and  General  Court,  Mav 
25,  1661,  "doe  advise  both  Mr.  Stowe  &  all  the  inhabitants  of 
Midletown  to  a  loving  X  carriage  to  Mr.  Collins  &  friendly  com- 
pliance with  each  other,"  etc.  On  the  4th  of  Nov.,  1662,  "the 
town  did  agre  that  the  hous  for  mr  Collins  should  be  36  foot  long 
18  foot  wid,  ten  foot  hy  betwean  joints  and  stone  chimneys  in 
the  middle,  with  silleradg  by  leantowing  or  otherwise  as  may  be 
most  convenient."  The  work  of  building  a  meeting  house  pro- 
ceeded, and  though  there  were  but  31  heads  of  families  in  the 


settlement  they  voted,  Feb.  14,  1665,  to  have  "  a  galery  for  the 
meeting  house  from  the  east  end  to  the  middle  beam,"  A  form  of 
letter  was  drawn  up  and  approved  Dec.  11,  1665  and  forwarded. 

"  Mr.  Nathanill  Collins,  Sir.  you  may  be  pleased  to  Ee- 
member  wee  wrote  to  you,  a  few  linnes  bearing  date  the  11th  of 
December,  '63,  wharein  we  gave  you  an  invitation  unanimusly 
under  our  hands  to  the  worke  of  the  minestry  amongst  us,  in 
order  to  farther  and  more  sollem  ingagements,  when  god  in  his 
providenc  shall  make  way  theirto,  the  Acceptance  whereof  you 
have  hitherto  manifested  by  your  long  continuatyon  among  us, 
in  that  wgrke,  our  present  state  you  now  know,  namly  that  God  by 
his  providenc  hath  brought  us  hopefully  nerere  gathering  into 
an  ekclyasticall  body,  then  formerly  though  some  of  our  neigh- 
boures  and  brethren  are  wee  would  hope  conscienciusly  differing 
from  us,  respecting  the  maner  of  it,  namely  as  you  loiow  some 
judging  we  are  a  church  allredy,  others  that  wee  are  not,  how- 
ever wee  that  thinke  wee  are  allredy  a  church  and  wee  allso  that 
thinke  we  are  not  but  in  some  short  time  may  be  one  both  sen- 
cibile  of  the  essentiall  need  of  an  officer  to  despence  the  sealles 
as  well  as  the  word  amongst  us.  to  such  as  shall  be  regularly 
fitt.  doe  therefore  by  these  presenc  give  you  to  know  that  our 
eyes  are  upon  and  our  desires  towards  yourself  for  that  worke 
as  soon  as  we  shall  be  in  such  a  capasety  and  request  your  answer 
to  this  our  motion  as  god  shall  direct  and  incline  so  desiering 
god  to  guide  you  in  this  great  motion  we  rest  waiting  your  an- 
swer your  loving  frinds  and  neighbours,  the  inhabitants  of 


On  Feb.  19,  1667,  it  was  voted  to  organize  a  church  and  call 
Mr.  Collins,  and  Ensign  White  and  Samuel  Stocking  were  chosen 
on  the  committee. 

Here  are  some  extracts  from  the  church  records : 
—The  Eev.    Mr.    Collins   was   ordained   the   "  4^'^— 9^^—1668  " 
«15th_9th_igg8"  William  Savage  was  baptized. 
"  30^^— 1^'— 1668   Ensign  White,  Goodman  Kirby,  Saml  Hall, 
the  wife  of  our  Brother  Stocking,  the  wife  of  Goodman  Kirby, 
the  wife  of  Goodman  Eany,"  were  admitted  as  members  in  full  com- 
munion.    They  made  public  profession  of  faith  "  and  also  what 
had  been  the  matter  of  public  offense  in  any  of  them  publicly 

"  10*'^ — 11*^ — 68  children  of  Brother  Kirby,  namely  John, 
Joseph,  Easter,  Sarah,  the  child  of  our  sister  Eany,  Elizabeth,  re- 
ceived ye  iniatory  scale." 


"igth — iith  g3  Dethia,  Susanna,  Abigail,  children  of  our 
Brother  and  Sister  Kirby  rec'd  in  ye  initiatory  seale. 

"  March  18 — 1669  [evidently  a  new  clerk]  ye  wife  of  our  Brother 
Ensign  White,  the  wife  of  our  Brother  Savage  rec'd  into  full  com- 

"  May  2 — 1669  Joseph,  son  of  our  Brother  and  Sister  Stocking 
in^  seale." 

"May  23 — 1669  Goodman  John  Warner  &  his  yoake  fellow 
Anna  Warner  &  the  wife  of  David  Sage  in  full  communion." 

"May  30,  1669  child'^  of  Brother  John  Warner;  viz:  Hannah, 
John,  Jonathan,  Mary,  Elizabeth,  our  Sister  Sage  herself  like- 
wise and  her  3  children,  namely,  David,  John,  Elizabeth  in^  seale." 

On  March  16,  1670,  Thomas  Allen,  Samuel  Stocking  and  John 
Hall,  Jr.,  were  elected  deacons  "desiring  Ensign  White  to  join 
n   j^  with    the   pastor   in    prayer 

^(oKn    '  ^Ji/)QX7^^'^'  ^^^  imposition  of  hands  on 

Yj  ^>'-''<>'  ^j^g  j^gx^  Lord's  Day  to  con- 

*^  summate  " ;  which  was  done 

on  Sunday,  March  20,  1670;  the  signal  honor  bestowed  on  "En- 
sign "  White  of  the  Upper  Houses  showing  his  pre-eminence  in  the 
church  which  was  the  community,  and  vice  versa.  A  separate  record 
shows  that  Samuel  Stocking  and  John  Savage  were  among  the  nine 
original  members  of  Nov.  1688.  David  Sage  was  received  June, 
1670,  and  Thomas  Stow,  Jr.,  on  April  29,  1676.  Deacon  Samuel 
Stocking  in  his  will  "  give  unto  our  Pastor  Mr.  Nathaniell  Collins 
(as  an  expression  of  my  affectionate  Respect  to  him)  three  pounds 
to  be  payd  within  a  year  after  my  decease."  Captain  Nathaniel 
White  gave  £4  money  to  Rev.  Noadiah  Russell  in  his  will. 

The  Rev.  Nathaniel  Collins  died  in  1684,  after  a  very  happy 
experience  of  many  years.     His  li- 

brary  was  valued  at  £72-12-09.  The       Jj ^)^^^    Ml^T^  - 
inventory  of  his  household  goods  Vsj7  ' '  ** "    ^ 


"  One  tancord  &  dramcup  &  spoons  9  ounces  &  \ 
valued  at  £2-16-00. 
The  parler  firnituer^    As  follows 

One  fetherbed  boulster  &  pillows 

6 :  wrought  cusshons,  one  carpet 

&  one  yallo  cussions 

one  grate  table  and  one  small  table 

all  the  earthon  ware  in  the  glas  case 

one  payor  of  bras  coboyarns  &  a 

fiershoffol  &  tongs 

one  tin  scollupt  candlestick  &  3  wicker  baskets." 


On  Feb.  24,  1686-7  "  Lieut."  Nath.  White  was  on  the  committee 
to  finish  the  "  parsonage  house." 

On  Oct.  24,  1688,  the  Rev.  Noadiah  Russell  was  ordained.  He 
was  a  native  of  New  Haven,  and  a  graduate  of  Harvard  College. 
During  his  pastorate  of  tM^enty-five  3^ears,  180  persons  were  ad- 
raited  to  the  church,  a  fair  proportion  of  whom  were  from  the 
Upper  Houses.  He  outlived  the  last  survivor  of  the  early  settlers, 
Thomas  Ranney,  but  died  later  in  the  same  year.  The  relation  of 
the  "  Upper  Houses  "  families  to  the  church  ceased  with  the  estab- 
lishment  of  the  church  in  the  North  Society. 

While  the  matter  of  schooling  the  children  is  not  mentioned 
in  the  town  records  till  "  14  of  ye  4,  1675  "  it  does  not  follow  that 
nothing  had  been  done  on  the  subject,  for  by  that  time  children 
born  in  Middletown  had  been  reared,  married,  and  were  parents 
of  young  children.  The  privilege  of  voting  had  been  accorded  in 
1666  to  "all  which  are  above  20  years  old  which  are  children  of 
inhabitants  and  cary  orderly  in  there  conversation  have  liberty  of 
voating  for  al  town  oficers  and  town  afairs." 

"  14  of  ye  4,  1675.  At  ye  same  meeting  ye  town  granted  ten 
pounds  for  ye  year  ensuing  towards  ye  incourigm't  of  a  schoole- 
master  to  teach  o'r  children  to  read  &  write  and  made  choice 
of  goodman  Wilcock,  William  Harriss  and  Seargt  Ward  to  en- 
quire after  and  agree  with  a  meet  person  for  that  work,  and  to 
levy  ye  remainder  of  his  higher  upon  ye  children  schooled  to  ye 
summ  of  ten  pounds  more." 

The  number  of  householders  at  this  time  was  between  50  and 
60,  and  probably  the  schoolmaster's  salary,  small  as  it  was,  was 
not  easily  raised,  for  on  November  29th,  1676,  is  found  the  follow- 
ing vote: 

"November  29,  1676.  The  town  voated  to  entertayn  Mr. 
Thomas  Webe  as  a  scoUmaster  to  teach  childeren  to  wright  and 
read  at  least  for  tryall  for  the  winter  season,  abought  halfe  a 
yeare,  finding  him  meat  &  drinke  or  sum  other  small  incoredge- 
ment;  at  the  same  time  was  voated  that  the  watchhous  shall  be 
forthwith  fitted  up  for  a  schollhous. 

It  seems  that  Mr.  Webb's  "  tryall "  was  satisfactory,  because 
in  the  following  March  the  town  passed  this  vote : 

"At  a  town  meeting  ye  12th  of  March  1676-7  the  town 
granted  Mr.  Thomas  Web  as  schoolemaster  to  ye  town  twenty- 


five  pounds  for  his  sallery  for  one  year  beginning  ye  twentyeighth 
day  of  December  past;  this  sum  above  said  to  be  levyed  as  fol- 
loweth,  ten  pound  to  be  paid  by  the  town  according  to  former 
grant  for  ye  incouragement  of  a  schoolemaster,  fifteen  pound 
to  be  levyed  on  the  children  that  have  gone,  shall  goe,  or  ought 
to  goe  to  school  in  equall  proportion." 

In  1679  a  rate  of  £1  for  a  schoolmaster  "  within  or  without  the 
town  "  was  voted. 

"  September  7,  1680.  The  towne  voated  to  a  shool  hous  of 
twenty  six  foot  long  &  seaventeen  or  eightene  foot  wide  &  six 
foot  &  a  hallfe  betweene  joints  in  bight  &  secondly  that  the 
townsmen  shall  use  the  best  means  they  can  to  get  it  done  if 
it  may  be  before  winter.  &  thirdly  that  tjiis  hous  shall  be 
sett  up  in  some  place  neare  the  watch  hous. 

In  1681  John  Richards  of  Hartford  was  schoolmaster,  and  a 
schoolhouse  had  been  erected.  Feb.  5,  1682-83  "  The  inhabitants 
on  the  south  side  Middletown  fery  granted  to  their  neighbors 
on  the  north  side  the  rivulet  their  proportions  of  the  school  rate 
granted  by  the  town  toward  the  maintaining  of  the  scool  on  the 
north  side  for  this  year/'  though  there  were  but  few  families 
with  young  children  to  call  for  a  school.  In  1690  Ensign  Samuel 
Collins  the  schoolmaster,  brother  of  Rev.  Nathaniel  Collins,  agreed 
to  let  those  on  the  north  side  the  liberty  to  school  their  children  on 
their  own  charge,  not  paying  to  the  school  on  the  south  side  "  if 
they  keep  a  scholl  on  that  side  not  els,"  a  not  very  generous  offer. 
On  May  5,  1690,  the  town  "  granted  the  north  part  of  the  town  by 
reason  of  distance  that  if  they  provide  a  sufficient  master  there  then 
they  to  have  their  part  of  the  rate  which  shall  be  raised  for  that 
purpose  and  if  they  do  not  provide  in  that  caus,  then  to  pay  their 
whole  proportion  to  the  scoall  of  the  town  that  is  for  the  six 

Jan.  6,  1695,  on  motion  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Russell  it  was  voted 
"  that  if  at  any  time  there  should  be  made  any  lands  by  way  of 
Island  upon  or  in  the  great  river  within  the  bounds  of  this  town- 
ship that  all  such  lands  shall  be  improved  for  the  benefit  &  en- 
couragement of  the  public  schools  of  this  town."  An  island  of 
small  dimensions  then  may  have  been  existing  in  the  Connecticut 
River  between  the  two  settlements,  as  such  an  island  in  1801  was 
taken  by  three  persons  and  improved  for  a  fishing  bank  and  a 
claim  for  ownership  filed  by  them.  It  has  been  greatly  enlarged 
since  1801,  and  now  consists  of  33  acres  and  belongs  to  the  Brain- 


erd,  Shailer  &  Hall  Quarry  Co.  As  early  as  1658  Deer  Island, 
later  known  as  Indian  Island  and  now  as  Gildersleeve  Island,  was 
granted  to  Robert  Webster. 

Jan.  14,  1696-7  it  was  voted  that  "  a  yearly  scoal  be  kept  and 
maintained  in  this  town,  the  neighbors  on  the  north  side  the  fery 
shall  have  the  benefit  of  their  part  of  half  the  year's  scoal  rate 
for  the  future  provided  it  be  improved  for  the  benefit  of  scoaling 
their  children."  Jan.  15,  1700,  the  town  agreed  "  to  pay  £5  in 
pay  to^wards  a  yearly  scoalls  maintenance  which  is  to  be  paid  out 
of  the  next  town  rate." 

It  may  well  be  thought  that  an  energetic  but  so  far  fruitless 
effort  had  been  made  to  secure  the  proper  share  of  the  rate  or 
general  taxes  for  the  maintenance  of  a  school  on  the  north  side. 
Yet  this  did  not  divert  the  people  from  planning  to  have  a  Society 
with  a  church  and  a  pastor  of  their  own.  And  it  may  be  imagined 
that  it  was  thought  that  this  independence,  being  organized  into 
a  Society  with  authority  to  manage  their  own  church  and  school 
matters,  would  be  mutually  helpful.  Accordingly  on  Jan.  18, 
1702-3  "  at  the  same  meeting  it  was  proposed  by  the  Inhabitants 
on  the  north  side  the  riverlet  for  a  liberty  to  provide  a  minister 
and  a  meeting  hous  separate  from  this  side,  and  maintain  it  upon 
their  own  charge,  which  proposition  was  granted  on  these  condi- 
tions, that  they  doe  in  half  a  year  or  one  whole  year  at  farthest, 
procure  and  settle,  an  autherdox  and  aproved  minister  orderly 
amongst,  them,  that  being  accomplished,  then  to  be  free  from  the 
charge,  of  the  ministry  on  this  side  the  riuerlet.  they  paying  equally 
with  us  here  untill.  that  be  accomplished,  but  if  this  be  not  accom- 
plished within  sd  time  all.  the  above  is  to  be  null  and  void."  At 
the  May  session  of  the  Great  and  General  Court  of  the  Colony  this 
action  was  confirmed  as  follows : 

"  Be   it   therefore   enacted   by   this   Court   and   the    authoritie 
thereof,  and  it  is  enacted : 

"  That  all  those  persons  that  now  are  and  hereafter  at  any  time 
shall  be  dwellers  and  inhabitants  on  the  north  side  of  the  said 
riverett  in  the  said  towne  of  Middletown,  are  and  hereafter  shall 
be  one  intire  societie  and  parish  by  and  of  themselves,  and  shall 
have  and  enjoy  all  such  powers,  liberties  and  priviledges,  as  other 
societies  and  congregations  in  this  Colonie  generally  have,  or  by 
lawe  may  have,  enjoy  and  use,  for  the  choosing  collectors  and 
levying  of  rates  and  money  for  the  charge,  settlement  and  main- 
tenance of  their  minister,  and  upholding  the  publick  worship  of 
God  among  them,  from  time  to  time  as  need  shall  require." 

Thus  encouraged,  arrangements  were  made,  March  9,   1704-5, 


with  the  Rev.  David  Deming  of  Wethersfield,  Conn.,  who  came 
and  occupied  the  property  which  was  the  original  Robert  Webster 
home  lot  and  which  became,  1664,  the  property  of  his  successor, 
John  Warner.  Mr.  Warner  died  in  1700,  and  on  Feb.  4,  1704-5 
the  heirs  sold  it  to  the  to\vn  of  Middletown.  The  account  book 
of  Capt.  John  Warner  shows  that  he  paid  for  himself  and  for 
others  in  1707-1708-1709  a  "rate  for  Mr.  Deming."  In  1708 
Samuel  Hall,  preparing  to  cross  the  river,  sold  the  east  half  of 
his  homestead  to  Samuel  Frary.  The  bound  on  the  north  reads 
"  supposed  to  be  Mr.  Deming's."  In  1709  Mr.  Hall  sold  "  David 
Deming,  Jr.,"  a  strip  "  by  estimate  25  rods  or  something  better  " 
bounded  on  the  north  by  the  "  sd  Deming's  lott."  This  strip  was 
but  one  rod  and  six  links  wide  and  gave  ]\Ir.  Deming  a  greater 
frontage  of  lot  on  the  south  side  of  his  house. 

^^  Jan.  30,   1709-10  Mr.  Hall 

(^"*V    f^Gy)  '  )    sold  the  west  half  of  his  home- 

^  OAJJ  O  ^.e^'^rx^UPX^at^    stead  and  it  was  bounded  on  the 
//  north  by  "  Mr.  Deming."     The 

Rev.  David  Deming  who  was 
born  in  Wethersfield,  Conn.,  July  20,  1681,  being  the  son  of  David 
Deming  who  was  the  son  of  John  Deming  and  a  daughter  of  Richard 
Treat.  Another  daughter  had  married  Robert  Webster.  He  was 
graduated  at  Harvard  college  in  1700.  He  occupied  the  John 
Warner  homestead  and  remained  here  from  the  time  the  Society 
was  incorporated,  probably  holding  services  in  the  schoolhouse.  His 
purchase  of  a  narrow  strip  to  increase  the  frontage  of  his  lot  indi- 
cated that  he  expected  to  remain  till  a  church  was  organized  when 
he  would  be  installed  as  pastor.  But  he  remained  only  till  1710 
when  the  Rev.  Joseph  Smith  came.  Mr.  Deming  while  here  married 
Miss  Marcy  Bridgeman  of  Boston  on  Nov.  18,  1708.  Their  child, 
David,  was  born  here  on  Aug.  24,  1709. 

The  town  of  Medway,  Mass.,  was  incorporated  October  25.  1713, 
and  on  September  22,  1714,  there  was  appointed  "A  comitty  to 
provide  a  minister  for  the  Town  until  the  aniwall  metting  in 
March  next  following  and  it  is  voted  that  ye  town  are  to  meet  at 
the  house  of  peter  Adamses  to  attend  the  public  worship  of  God 
on  the  sabbathdays  and  he  haws  ^iven  his  consent  to  the  same." 
The  first  public  service  was  held  in  this  house  October  7,  1714, 
by  the  Rev.  David  Deming,  who  continued  to  hold  services  there 
for  several  months  and  till  the  church  was  completed.  He  re- 
ceipted for  26  pounds  sterling  for  "  preaching  to  the  town  "  from 
October  7,  1714,  to  April  9,  1715.  On  September  12,  1715,  they 
called  him  as  pastor  on  a  salary  of  60  pounds  and  he  accepted  the 
same  day.    The  church  was  used  for  the  annual  meeting  on  March 


7,  1715.  They  gave  him  30  acres  of  land.  In  1722,  after  repeated 
requests  they  yielded  and  gave  him  a  dismission.  A  son,  Jon- 
athan, was  born  to  him  in  1719.  Nothing  more  is  known  of  the 
Rev.  David  Deming  except  that  he  died,  1746,  in  Lyme,  Conn. 

The  Rev.  Joseph  Smith  was  preaching  to  the  "  Hors  Neck " 
inchoate  church  (Greenwich,  Conn.)  while  the  Rev.  Mr.  Deming 
was  similarly  engaged  here.  The  time  of  his  arrival  is  not  decided 
by  the  record  found  in  Captain  John  Warner's  account  book,  as  he 
had  kept  another  record  book. 

18       00 

Mr  Smith  Debttor  lb       s         d 

for  1  bushel  of  wheat 
and  4  bushels  of  Indian  corn 
for  weaving  5  yds  of  chek  5 

for  w.eaving  48  yds  of  cloth         01         4 

for  weaving  44  4-2  yds  of  cloth  01  12       06 
for  weaving  13  4-2  yds  ticking  01 

1715     for  weaving  40  4-2  yds  of  crap  01  16 

1715  for  weaving  38  yds  of  cloth  19 

1716  for  weaving  43  yds  of  cloth        01  06 

Mr  Smith  credit 

for  3  pound  of  sugar 

for  1  quart  of  rum 

for  my  rates  in  1713 

by  part  of  Isaac  Cornish  rate 

for  1  yd  of  Rollon 

for  my  rates  1714 

by  Isaac  Cornell 

by  my  rates  1715 

The  account  was  continued  on  another  page  to  the  death  of  Rev. 
Mr.  Smith  in  1736.  including  a  charge  for  digging  his  grave. 

Mr.  Smith  had  had  experience  as  a  teacher,  and  one  result  of 
this  l^^as  that  Samuel  Johnson,  son  of  Deacon  William  Johnson 
of  Guilford  and  Mary  Sage,  daughter  of  David  Sage,  came  here, 
probably  to  be  in  the  family  of  his  uncle,  Timothy  Sage,  while  he 
studied  across  the  street  under  the  Rev.  Mr.  Smith.  Samuel  John- 
son went  from  here  to  Yale  College  in  Saybrook,  wliere  he  gradu- 
ated in  1714.     After  being  a  tutor  he  became  the  first  pastor  of 

£  9 
























the  Congregational  church  in  West  Haven.  Having  with  others 
access  to  the  boolvs  given  to  Yale  by  Dean  Berkeley,  afterwards 
Bishop  of  Cloyne,  he  with  them  became  imbued  witli  the  convic- 
tion that  Congregational  ordination  was  invalid.  Governor  Sal- 
tonstall  convened  the  General  Assembly  and  for  a  whole  day  the 
effort  continued  to  convince  Rector  Cutler,  Tutor  Brown,  Mr.  Wet- 
more,  a  native  of  Middletown  and  then  pastor  at  North  Haven, 
and  several  others  that  they  were  properly  ordained  clergymen.' 
It  was  of  no  effect  and  four  of  the  seven  went  to  England  and  were 
Episcopally  ordained.  Mr.  Johnson  had  used  in  his  West  Haven 
pulpit  the  prayers  of  the  Episcopal  service  without  his  congregation 
suspecting  it.  Later  they  recalled  their  admiration  of  iiis  style 
of  praying.  He  was  a  missionary  while  settled  in  Stratford  and 
led  over  tliirty  Congregational  ministers  to  go  to  England  for 
Episcopal  ordination.  He  was  the  first  president  of  King's  College, 
now  Columbia  University.  His  son,  William  Samuel  Johnson,  was 
a  distinguished  son  of  Connecticut,  its  representative  to  England, 
in  the  Constitutional  Convention,  and  was  United  States  Senator. 
Dr.  Samuel  Johnson  was  known  as  "  The  father  of  Episcopacy  in 
New  England." 

Dr.  Johnson's  intimacy  with  Dean  Berkeley  led  to  Yale  College 
receiving  a  valuable  library  from  him.  A  book  presented  by  Dean 
Berkeley  to  Dr.  Johnson,  now  in  the  library  of  the  Berkeley  Divinity 
School,  Middletown,  contains  the  following  in  Dr.  Johnson's  hand- 
writing : 


It  would  seem  as  though  the  "  South  side,"  having  the  more  nu- 
merous body  of  voters,  was  unwilling  to  part  with  the  north  side, 
for  at  the  October  session,  1709,  of  the  General  Assembly,  it  was 
voted : 

"Upon  the  consideration  of  the  petition  of  the  inhabitants  of 


the  north  side  the  riverlet  in  Middletown,  now  presented  to  this 
Assembly,  praying  that  so  much  of  the  school  money  arising  by 
law  as  shall  be  levyed  on  their  part  of  the  list  of  that  town,  may 
be  ordered  to  be  improved  for  a  school  amongst  them  on  the  north 
side  the  said  river:  This  Assembly  grants  and  allows  the  same, 
providing  they  shall  maintain  a  school  for  reading  and  writing, 
for  one  half  of  the  year,  annually;  and  do  order  that  on  default 
thereof,  the  said  money  shall  be  paid  toward  the  maintenance  of 
the  town  school  as  formerly." 

At  a  town  meeting  held  Jan.  18,  1710-11  "  the  order  of  court 
respecting  the  school  on  the  north  side  the  rivulet  was  then  pub- 
lished in  the  meeting."  A  number  of  the  children  of  the  founders 
of  the  north  side  had  lately  made  a  settlement  on  the  east  side  of 
the  Connecticut  river  and  were  already  clamoring  for  their  share 
of  the  school  money.  A  very  important  town  meeting  was  held 
Feb.  15,  1710-11,  at  which  a  committee  which  had  been  appointed 
previously  "  to  managing  the  town  schole  in  Middletown  do  unan- 
imously agre  to  make  the  following  proposells  to  the  town  for  their 
concurence  and  confermation." 

These  proposals  were,  1st,  to  build  a  new  schoolhouse  "  at  the 
charge  only  of  those  that  inhabbit  on  the  south  of  the  ferry,  and 
the  west  of  the  great  river:  2nd  for  the  encouragement  of  learn- 
ing and  the  supporting  of  the  said  town*  schole  the  sum  of  £25 
was  to  be  raised  by  local  taxation  until  with  the  rate  of  40  shillings 
upon  the  thousand  pounds,  with  the  incomes  of  other  donations, 
the  sum  should  amount  to  £40  :  3d  to  give  "  to  the  north  side  what 
part  of  this  is  levyed  on  their  estates  to  enter  them  in  learning, 
provided  they  keep  a  half  year  schole  amongst  themselves:  and 
upon  their  default  it  shall  be  paid  to  the  town  schole,  on  the  south 
side  the  ferry."  The  same  proposition  was  made  for  the  benefit 
of  those  on  the  east  side  with  this  special  favor,  "  and  if  any  of 
their  children  being  well  entered  in  their  spelling  want  to  be  par- 
fected  in  reading  wrighting  an  sifering  and  their  parents  or  masters 
will  allow  them,  they  may  come  over  and  be  further  instructed  at 
the  town  schole  upon  free  cost."  This  committee  was  to  be  au- 
thorized to  employ  a  teacher; 

"  also  to  demand,  receive  and  improve  all  such  gifts  and  dona- 
tions as  are  or  shall  be  made  to  the  said  schole  for  the  best  use 
and  bennifit  thereof. 

"  that  no  a.  b.  c.  darians  be  allowed  to  come  to  be  taught  at 
the  said  town  schole,  unless  it  be  when  there  is  not  a  compitancy 

*  The  first  "  High  "  School. 

M*'';/^ ,  ■^'I'i'rj'fJ^^L 


7  „j/-~,i/*«rj*'»"''^'*-f'=-'^' ""=  ^'- 

^4,'t^^^  /,.Va^/i,-  f«'«->-.^' 

?./  w,  fcj  j^/-y7)»  t/i-^.f  »»«■»» 

.«■  ^  d^.^Utt^, 

.-.  h"-  ■-•'  "'■'^  ^  •  •  '  •(■''^'"O" 

«>w/«.^  ..•<■/- 

?.»,«^5"5.  -^   i<'- 

k,-  a.^.-j  /■'..'^  A  -  V>  I-  .y-  - 

?r--ii»tii».«^i;)ii^^i^^a?A??',f?'.  "C:";^  -^ " 

W  ij.i.  OF  Nai  iiA.Mii,  White 
(See  page  714) 



of  others  to  keepe  the  scholemaster  imployed,  and  it  be  with  the 
said  master's  concent." 

There  is  no  record  of  what  action,  if  any,  was  taken  on  these  rec- 
ommendations which  involved  the  institution  of  a  "  town  schole " 
or  high  schooL 

Still  the  "  north  side  "  was  not  satisfied,  according  to  the  record 
of  a  town  meeting  held  "  March  13th,  1710-11.  There  being  a 
controversy  between  the  neighborhood  of  the  North  Society  in 
Middletown  and  the  South  Society  of  the  said  town  about  the  part 
of  the  fourty  shillings  upon  the  thousand  pounds  that  the  countrey 
doth  alow  for  the  upholding  a  town  scool.  the  North  Society  hav- 
ing obtained  a  liberty  in  October  1709  for  their  part  of  it  to  be 
to  themselves  so  long  as  they  improve  it  for  that  use  it  is  enacted 
and  declared  that  the  mater  of  controversy  is  left  with  the  wor- 
shipfull  M""  John  John  hains  and  M""  Nath'  hooker  both  of  hartford 
to  say  how  much  of  the  scoal  money  that  did  arise  upon  the  fourty 
shillings  on  the  thousand  pounds  for  the  subsistance  of  the  town 
scoal  paid  by  the  treasurer  in  the  year  1709  to  the  selectmen  of 
Middletown  did  of  right  belong  to  our  neighbors  of  the  North 
society  by  vertue  of  the  liberty  granted  them  from  the  court  as  is 
above  exprest  and  if  it  be  found  that  the  selectmen  belonging  to 
the  South  Society  have  unjustly  detained  from  them  their  due  of 
the  said  money  then  they  in  behalf  of  the  said  society  to  bear  the 
charge  arising  thereupon  but  if  it  be  found  they  have  not  with- 
holden  from  the  North  Society  their  due  then  the  selectmen  of 
tfiat  society  to  pay  the  charge  as  above  said  or  in  behalf  of  the 
said  societie  noted  and  excepted  by  the  town  March  13,  1710-11 
and  at  the  same  meeting  Capt.  John  Hall  and  Thomas  Stow,  sen"", 
were  chosen  by  voat  and  apointed  to  lay  this  matter  before  the 
gentlemen  above  specified." 

The  Eev.  Samuel  Stow  and  Mr.  Jasper  Clement  had  by  their 
wills  left  lands  to  be  sold  for  the  benefit  of  the  school  of  Middle- 
town  and  Capt.  Nathaniel  White  may  have  indicated  his  intention 
to  do  likewise,  for  in  the  August  following,  and  in  his  will  made 
two  weeks  before  his  death,  he  made  this  bequest ;  "  and  four  pound 
money  to  the  Eeverend  M""  Noadiah  Eussell  and  what  of  my  right 
of  undivided  lands  may  be  dmed  ftiy  wright;  my  will  is  that;  one 
fourth  part  thereof  be  and  remains  for  the  use  of  the  publique 
scholes  Already  Agreed  upon  In  the  town  of  Midletown  for  ever : " 

In  a  great  division  of  Wongunk  meadow  lands  made  in  1721  lot 
number  200  was  set  off  to  "old  cap  White"  and  in  1745  this  one 
fourth  was  sold  for  the  benefit  of  the  school  fund  of  the  town ;  and 
as  there  was  a  division  of  the  school  fund  when  Cromwell  in  1851 



became  a  separate  town,  his  money  to-day  is  helping  to  maintain 
the  Nathaniel  White  Public  School,  named  in  his  honor  on 
Feb.  6,  1902  in  accordance  with  the  suggestion  of  the  compiler  of 
this  history,  made  in  the  Penny  Press  of 'Middletown  when  it  was 
decided  to  erect  a  town  schoolhouse  to  take  the  place  of  the  dis- 
trict schoolhouses. 

On  the  last  leaves  of  the  North  Society's  record  book  an  account 
was  kept  of  the  school  moneys,  as  indicated  below.  And  as  Capt. 
Nathaniel  White  had  died  in  August,  1711,  and  a  school  in  the 
North  Society  was  then  "  already  established,"  it  is  concluded  that 
the  first  entry  refers  to  a  school  kept  while  Capt  Nathaniel  White 
was  alive.  The  treasurer  was  Capt.  John  Warner  who  "  filled  many 
public  offices,"  says  his  tombstone.     His  acount  is  here  given. 

From  the  Eecord  Book  of  the  North  Society  of  Middletown 

An  account  of  ye  charge  of  the  school  in  the  north  Society 

in   mideltown    in   the   year    under   writen    1712 — o    capt. 

White  and  ed  shepard  and :  harris  and  for  harrises  bord,  f  10-01-2 
In   the   year   1715   paid   to   charls   goodrigdg   for   3   months 

Iveeping  school,    3-15-0 

In  the  year  171G  paid  to  Mrs.  Smith  for  3  months  keeping 

school 5-0-0 

In  the  year  1717  paid  to  Mrs.  Smith  and  william  prout 10-10-0 

To  Joseph  white  for  hording  charls  goodridg  and  prout ....  05-12-6 

to  John  Warner  juner  for  liis  trouble  about  the  school....  00-06-1 

for  jonthan  bordman  for  keeping  school  six  months 09-10-0 

to  Joseph  white  for  hording  jonthan  bordman  six  months..  05-17-0 

to  John  warner  for  his  trouble  about  the  school   according  ft 

to   the   society's   voat, 02-02-4 

to  mr  bordman  for  keeping  school  in  1720 08-0-0 

♦  to  ensign  white  for  hording  mr  bordman, 5-0-0 

to  mrs   Stow   for  keeping  school, 03-00-0 

An  account  of  what  contrey  money  was  received  to  defray 
the  charge  of  the  school  in  the  respective  years  men- 
tioned on  the  other  side  in  the  year  1712  received, 03-03-0 

in   the  yeare  1715 05-0-4 

in    the    year    1716 05-0-7 

in    the    year    1717 05-5-0 

An  account  of  town  money  ordered  to  defray  the  charg  of 
the  school  in  the  respective  years  mentioned  on  the  other 

side,     in  the  year   1712  there  was  :     ordered 04-0-0 

in    the    year    1715 03-17-0 

in  the  year   1716 03-10-0 

in    the    year    1717, 05-08-0 

Contry   money    1718   was 05-16-10 

town    money    1718   was . 03-14-1 

for  money  received  of  Joseph  raney 02-00-1 

*  Ensign  Daniel  White. 


The  Mouse  of  Jonathan  Boardman,  Schoolmaster 
(See  page  29) 


mon  received  of  Jacob  white  5s-9d  and  of  Serg  Sage 

4s-6d  on  tlie  account  of  Thomas  stow  colector, . .  00-10-3 

mon    Joseph    White's    rate, 00-05-5 

contrey  money  received  1719  was 06-02-6 

town  money  ordered   1719   was 03-17-8 

contrey  money  received   1720 06-12-0 

town    money    ordered    1720 3-19-6 


The  treasurer,  Capt.  John  ^^  yO        p  a  ^ 

Warner,  commissioned  cap-  ^/^o/iyX^ 

tain  in  1725,  was  a  nephew  /^/ 
of    the    John    Warner   who  ^-^ 

took  the  Robert  Webster  place  and  died  there  in  1700.  "  John 
Warner  juner,"  the  treasurer's  first  cousin,  had  been  settled  on 
what  is  now  known  as  the  "  Edward  Savage  place  "  and  which  re- 
mained a  Warner  homestead  till  sold  in  1771  to  Jacob  Gibson,  who 
in  1806  removed  to  Gt.  Barrington,  Mass.  Edward  Shepard  was 
son  of  Edward  Shepard  and  Abigail  Savage.  Ed.  Harris  came 
from  lower  Middletown.     Charles  Goodrich  *  was  from  Wethers- 

field.  Jonathan  Bordman  was  born  and  died  in  the  same  house 
in  Stepney  part  of  Rocky  Hill.  (See  Boardman  Genealogy.) 
William  Prout  is  spoken  of  in  the  genealogical  part  of  this  volume. 
Mrs.  Smith  was  the  wife  of  Rev.  Joseph  Smith.  Mrs.  Stow  was 
the  wife  of  Thomas  Stow  and  daughter  of  Deacon  Samuel  Stocking. 

"  Jan  13 :  1712-13  Whereas  at  a  town  meeting  March  22*^ : 
1708-9  the  town  by  voat  Granted  to  Mr  David  Deming  about 
twenty  acres  of  land  provided  he  settled  there,  w***  our  neighbors 
on  the  north  side  riuerlet  In  the  work  of  the  ministry  but  Mr 
Deming  failing,  by  the  request  of  the  neighbours  on  the  north 
side  the  riverlet,  at  this  town  meeting  Janey  13**" :  1712  :  13  the  town 
by  voat  grant  the  same  privilidge  or  quantity  of  land  to  Mr 
Joseph  Smith  upon  the  same  terrns  provided  he  settle  there  in  the 
work  of  the  ministry,     and  doe  Impower  the  same  com"®  formerly 

*  Charles  Goodrich  must  have  been  a  brother  to  William*  who  mar- 
ried Rachels  Savage  (John2,  Johni)  and  David*  wlio  married  Sarah 
Edwards,  and  Sarah*  who  married  Richard  Butler.  His  autograph  is 
copied  from  a  1736  deed  from  Richard  Butler  to  David  Edwards  which 
was  witnessed  by  David  and  Charles  Goodrich,  though  the  name  of 
the  latter  is  not  given  in  the  Goodrich  Genealogy. 



es    111    Liie 

3h  to  such    /y  I / 

chosen  to  lay  it  out  on  the  same  terms  as  before  specified."     They 

laid   out   sixteen   acres   in   the 

region  of  Timber  Hill, 

butting  all  round,' 

sold  in  1725  to  Willi? 

age,  and  his  autograph 

deed  of  sale  is  given  herewith. 

They  laid  out  four  acres  between  John  Sage's  and  John  Ran- 
ney's  which  made  much  trouble  between  him  and  Mr.  Sage  as 
to  the  correct  dividing  line.  Perhaps  in  consequence  he  ex- 
changed it  for  a  large  tract  in  the  N'ooks,  which  in  time  became 
the  homesteads  of  his  grandsons,  Joseph,  John  and  ISTathaniel. 
The  house  built  thereon  by  Capt.  Joseph  Smith  is  owned  and 
occupied  by  Charles  Bowers. 

The  record  book  of  the  North  Society  contain^  in  the  handwriting 
of  Capt.  John  "Warner  this 

"  grand  levie  for  the  north  society  in  Middletowu  1714  As  followeth : 

£    s 

James    Brown 22-00 

Widow  Butler 6-00 

Joseph   Butler 13-10 

Nathi    Clark 46-14 

Daniel    Clark 65-10 

Serg   John    Clark 71-17 

John    Clark 46-00 

Isaac    Cornell 24-00 

Joseph    Crofoot 18-00 

Samuel   Frary 69-00 

Roger    Gibson 45-00 

Samuel    Gibson 72-00 

David  Ilurlbut 37-00 

John    Kirby 30-00 

Samuel    Lucas 85-00 

William    Mark 25-00 

Margaret    Ranney 3-10 

Ebenezer    Ranney 48-10 

Joseph    Ranney 61-05 

John    Ranney 30-05 

Thomas   Ranney 120-15 

Widow    Ranney 6-10 

Widow    Sage 24-10 

Timothy    Sage 79-05 

John    Sage 150-00 


Capt.    John    Savage 

Thomas    Savage 

William    Savage 

Hannah    Scovil 

Mary    Scovil 

John    Shepherd.........    i 

Edward    Shepherd / 

Samuel    Shepherd 

Daniel    Stocking 

Samuel  Stow 

Thomas    Stow,    Sr 

Thomas    Stow,    Jr ." . . 

John  Warner,   Sr 

John  Warner,   Jr 

Joseph    White 

Ensign    White 

John    White 

Hugh    White 

Daniel    White - 

Jacob    White 

Israel    Wilcox 

John    Wilcox 

Francis    Wilcox 

Samuel    Wilcox 

Joseph    Whitmore 


f  s 





"  Serg.  Clark "  was  the  John  Clark  who  came  from  Haddam 
and   married   Elizabeth  White.     Thomas   Stow,   Sr.,   came  from 


lower  Middletown  and  married  Bethia  Stocking.  These  two  then 
were  "  old  residents " ;  Brown,  Butler,  Cornell,  Crof oot,  Frary, 
Gibson,  Hurlbut,  Lucas,  Mark,  Scovil  and  Joseph  Whitmore  were 
"  recent "  comers.  A  number  born  here  had  recently  removed  to 
the  east  side  of  the  Connecticut  River. 

The  first  meeting  recorded  in  the  book  of  the  North  Society, 
now  duly  empowered  to  manage  church  and  school  affairs,  was 
held  "  Feb.  18 :  1713-14.  The  return  of  the  committy  was  that 
provided  the  society  give  mr  smith  a  comfortable  maintenance  he 
will  settle  with  us."  It  would  seem  that  the  committee  retired 
and  interviewed  Mr.  Smith,  for  "  the  committee  returned  and  re- 
ported and  it  was  then  voted  to  settle  Mr  Smith  at  £60  per  year 
for  the  present  and  more  as  his  necessity  calls  for  it  and  our 
ability  enables."  '^  Voted  a  rate  of  2  pence  upon  the  pound  towards 
finishing  the  meeting  house  half  of  sd  rate  to  be  gathered  by 
May  1  next  the  other  half  by  Nov.  1."  Joseph  Whitmore  was  to 
be  collector.  Samuel  Wilcox,  Sr.,  Samuel  Gibson  and  John  War- 
ner, Jr.,  were  a  committee  to  hire  workmen  to  finish  the  meeting 
house.  Samuel  Frary  was  ordered  to  gather  the  rate  that  he 
was  chosen  to  collect  "  forthwith  without  any  further  delay." 

On  March  14,  1714,  it  was  voted  to  finish  the  meeting  house 
'^  after  the  same  manner  the  meeting  house  in  South  Society  that 
is  the  two  ends  of  itt."  Serg.  Clark  was  to  make  the  body  of  seats 
for  8s.  each  seat. 

March  24,  1714,  Ensign  (Daniel)  Wliite,  Samuel  Gibson  and 
John  Warner  to  "  carry  on  sd  finishing  of  ye  meeting  house  as  it 
was  formerly  voted.  Joseph  Eanney  was  a  committee  "  to  carry 
on  ye  school  house  with  Serg.  [William]  Savage  and  John  Sage." 
The  "clerk  of  this  society  shall  transcribe  all  ye  voats  that  have 
been  pased  by  this  society  since  he  was  chosen  clerk  into  a  book 
with  a  parchment  cover."  And  this  parchment-covered  book  waa 
used  until  1772  and  is  the  authority  of  the  compiler  of  this  his- 
tory. A  committee  of  five  was  appointed  to  "  carry  on  ye  needful 
in  preparing  for  settlement  of  mr  Smith."  The  meeting  then 
repeated  the  vote  passed  Jan.  17,  1710-11,  "  relating  to  ye  40^ 
annually  to  be  paid  by  ye  society  to  schools,  excepting  the  first 

The  church  was  duly  organized  on  Jan.  5,  1714-15,  and  Mr. 
Smith  was  installed  pastor  on  the  same  day.  The  original  mem- 
bers were: 

Capt.  John  Savage  Widow  Nathaniel  White 

Mrs.  John  Savage  Joseph  White 

Serg.  Wm.  Savage  Mrs.  Joseph  White 


Mrs.  Wm.  Savage  Mrs.  Daniel  White,  Sr. 

Thomas  Ranney  Mrs.  Jonathan  Warner 

Mrs.  Thomas  Eanney  Widow  Shepard 

John  Eanney  Samuel  Gibson 

Mrs.  John  Eanney  Mrs.  Thomas  Stow,  Sr. 

Joseph  Eanney  Mrs.  Daniel  Clark 

Mrs.  Joseph  Eanney  Mrs.  Nathaniel  Savage 

Samuel  Stow  Samuel  Hall 
Mrs.  Samuel  Stow 

On  Feb.  10,  1715-16,  Sergeant  William  Savage  and  Sergeant 
Samuel  Hall  were  elected  deacons,  though  Samuel  Hall  had  re- 
moved to  the  east  side  of  the  river,  where  he  was  elected  the  first 
deacon  on  the  organization  of  the  church  there  in  1721. 

Feb.  1,  1714-15,  Daniel  Stocking  was  a  committee  "  to  collect 
ye  glass  rate,"  Samuel  Stow  to  "  collect  ye  rate  "  for  "  ye  trans- 
porting mr  Smith  and  his  goods  and  family  from  hors  neck." 
Horse  Neck,  in  Greenwich,  Conn,  is  famous  as  the  place  where  Gen- 
eral Putnam  galloped  his  horse  down  stone  steps  to  escape  the  Brit- 
ish. John  Sage  and  John  Warner  were  a  committee  "  for  ye  schoole 
and  to  hire  a  schoolmaster."  "What  the  40^  on  the  £1000  and  ye 
town  money  doth  not  reach  to  maintain  the  half  year  school  what  is 
wanting  shall  be  levied  on  the  poles  of  the  children  from  five 
yere  old  to  ten  farmers  only  excepted." 

Feb:  14,  1714-15,  Samuel  Stow  was  "  to  beat  the  drum  and 
sweep  the  meeting  house  for  the  yeare  ensuing  and  to  look  after 
the  doors  for  £l-5^^"  Allowed  Jacob  White  "  5  shillings  for 
cider."  Made  the  collector^  responsible  for  collecting  the  rates, 
and  the  clerk  to  give  them  a  "  clearing  "  when  they  have  done  so. 

Feb.  14,  1715-16,  "granted  ebyneser  Eaney  ten  shilings  for 
sweeping  the  meeting  house  for  ye  year  ensuing."  Saml  Gibson 
and  Samuel  Stow  were  a  "  commity  with  John  Warner  to  look 
after  the  schoole  and  to  hire  a  school  master  or  school  dame  as 
they  shal  think  fit  and  most  for  ye  Society's  advantage."  It  will 
be  seen  that  Mrs.  Smith  with  a  husband  and  three  children  to 
care  for  kept  school  three  months  in  this  year  for  £5.  In  what 
house  the  school  was  kept  is  not  known,  but  they  voted  a  rate  of 
two  pence  upon  the  pound  to  carry  on  the  building  of  the  school- 
house,  "  said  rate  to  be  paid  in  wheat  at  4^  per  bushel,  rye  at  3* 
per  bushel,  and  Indian  corn  at  2^  6*^.  Carpenters  for  work  to 
receive  3^  per  day,  other  laborers  2^  6**  and  for  man  and  team  of  4 
cattell  5^  per  day."  The  former  committee  of  the  school  was  or- 
dered to  pay  over  what  is  in  his  hands  to  the  present  committee  "  to 
be  laid  out  for  ye  benefit  of  the  society  in  schooling." 


Jan.  14,  1716-17,  a  committee  of  seven  was  appointed  "to  treat 
with  the  south  society  in  Middletown  respecting  the  old  meeting 
house  in  ye  above  s*^  society  and  to  secure  what  part  belongs  to  ye 
north  society."  The  former  collector  was  so  slow  in  passing  over 
the  money  due  the  society,  according  to  the  auditors'  report  filed 
Feb.  29,  1715-16,  that  Samuel  Gibson,  Samuel  Stow  and  John 
Warner  were  specially  charged  "  y*  ye  com"  now  to  take  care  of 
the  school  shall  have  full  power  to  demand  the  above  said  money 
in  the  hands  of  ye  former  com"  and  to  use  all  lawful  means  for 
ye  recovery  of  ye  same  for  the  benefit  of  the  society  in  schooling." 

Dec.  17,  1717,  it  was  agreed  that  the  society  should  have  a 
"  wood  bee,"  and  a  time  was  to  be  set  for  the  same  and  the 
"  inhabitants  warned  "  of  the  same. 

Daniel  Stocking  and  John  Warner  were  appointed  a  committee 
to  give  Mr.  Joseph  Smith  "  a  deed  of  the  house  and  lot  upon  his 
paying  for  the  glas  and  the  nails."  This  deed  is  dated  Jan. 
3,  1717  (1718)  and  is  recorded  on  page  369,  vol.  3,  Middle- 
town  Land  Eecords.  He  was  to  furnish  the  "  glass  and  the  nails  " 
for  the  house  now  occupied  by  Mr.  William  E.  Greaves. 

On  May  5,  1718,  the  society  appointed  Lieut.  William  Savage 
to  act  in  behalf  of  the  society  at  the  General  Assembly  "  to  be  held 
in  Hartford  the  8th  instant "  with  respect  to  the  petition  of  the 
"  great  swamp  men  or  northwest  quarter  respecting  the  minis- 
terial charg  and  parrish  charge  mentioned  in  s^  petition."  The 
families  who  had  settled  in  the  extreme  northwest  part  of  the 
town  desired  to  attend  the  Great  Swamp  Church  (Kensington  now) 
and  to  help  support  that  church  and  so  be  relieved  of  contributing 
to  the  Worth  Society  Church.  The  General  Court  granted  the 
request  of  those  living  within  one  and  a  half  miles  of  the  north- 
west corner  of  the  town. 

Dec.  4,  1718,  "  The  society  then  by  a  unanimous  voat  agrees 
to  burn  the  proposals  that  m""  Joseph  Smith  sent  to  ye  meeting 
March  the  26:  1714  with  respect  to  his  settlement"  and  increased 
his  salary  to  £70  and  firewood. 

Dec.  28,  1719,  it  was  voted  to  elect  officers  by  "  raising  hands  " 
and  John  Warner,  Jr.,  was  elected  clerk.  May  13,  1720,  "  agreed 
to  hire  a  school  dame  two  months  to  make  up  their  half  years 
schoole  for  this  present  year,"  lest^  they  would  forfeit  their  town 

Kov.  15,  1720.  It  was  voted  to  have  a  "  1.  pence  rate  to  defray 
the  charge  of  getting  Mr.  Smiths  fire  wood  which  rate  is  to  be 
paid  in  wood  at  3^  pr  load  and  to  be  carryed  to  m'"  Smiths  at  or 
before  the  15th  of  Jan.  next,  or  to  pay  in  cash  to  the  committee." 

Dec.  27,   1720.     The  minister  is  to  be  paid  in  "  contry  rate  " 


as  stated  by  the  General  Court  in  money  or  grain,  and  to  receive  £70 
a  year  since  he  settled. 

Dec.  11,  1721.  The  annual  meeting  is  to  begin  at  8  in  the 
morning.  The  minister's  salary  goes  to  £75  for  the  year  past, 
and  those  who  failed  last  year  to  bring  in  their  wood  are  to  be 
warned.  Salary  is  to  be  paid  before  the  last  day  of  March  in  money 
or  grain  as  it  generally  passes  at  the  time  or  as  they  can  agree 
with  Mr.  Smith.  Nathaniel  Clark  and  Daniel  White,  Jr.,  are  "  to 
look  after  the  children  and  youth  on  the  Sabath  in  the  time  of 
publick  worship."  Thomas  Kanney  is  to  have  26s  for  beating  the 
drum  and  sweeping  the  meeting  house,  and  "  the  society  agreed 
to  seat  their  meeting  hous." 

March  14,  1723.  Thomas  Stow  (Jr.),  must  have  been  a  supe- 
rior workman,  for  he  is  to  have  3s.  6d.  per  day  for  work,  and  the 
others  2s.  9d.  And  a  division  of  labor  is  made,  for  Nathaniel 
Eanney  is  to  beat  the  drum  for  15s.  and  Thomas  Eanney  is  to 
have  15s.  for  sweeping  the  house  and  shutting  the  windows  and 
doors  after  the  public  worship  is  ended. 

Dec.  14,  1724,  the  minister's  salary  goes  up  to  £80  and  Widow 
Scovil  has  her  rate  abated.  The  land  where  her  house  stood  on 
the  bank  of  the  great  river  at  the  end  of  the  Nuiks  road  has  long 
since  been  washed  away. 

Dec.  13,  1725.  Joseph  Eanney  gets  14s  for  sweeping  the 
meeting  house  the  year  coming,  and  Nathaniel  Eanney  is  to  have 
16s  for  beating  the  drum  "  if  he  can  be  obtained,"  otherwise  the 
committee  is  to  hire  one  as  cheap  as  they  can.  The  demand  for 
better  schooling  facilities  seems  to  have  arisen,  for  it  was  voted 
"  to  any  person  or  persons  in  this  society  to  improve  the  school 
house  for  schooling  their  children  at  any  time  when  the  Society 
hath  not  need  to  make  use  of  it  for  to  keep  their  half  years 

Dec.  12,  1726,  the  salary  goes  up  to  £85.  The  term  "  deacon  "  is 
first  used  in  the  records  in  referring  to  Deacon  Samuel  Gipson. 
Mr.  Smith  is  to  have  £15  more  and  get  his  own  wood. 

The  next  matter  of  interest  for  the  north  side  was  in  a  town 
meeting  held  only  a  week  later,  Dec.  19,  1726,  when  John  Shep- 
herd and  Thomas  Savage  were  appointed  tything  men  "  for  the 
north  side."  Their  authority  and  duty  was  "  When  they  discover 
any  of  the  youth  disorderly  on  the  Sabath  especially  in  the  time 
of  divine  worship  they  shall  bring  every  such  youth  on  the  space 
at  or  near  the  foot  of  the  galery  stayers  in  view  and  cans  s^  youth 
there  to  stand  untill  divine  worship  be  over  in  publick." 

The  meeting  of  Dec.  12,  1726,  had  another  very  important 
matter  for  consideration. 


"  Voted  that  the  present  committee  of  the  Society  shall  make 
demand  of  what  money  deacon  Samuel  Stow  hath  in  his  hands 
and  what  is  yet  to  gather  of  the  half  penny  rate  that  he  was  to 
collect  for  the  finishing  of  the  meeting  hous  and  to  use  all  lawful 
means  for  the  recovery  of  the  same  and  to  lay  it  out  for  the  re- 
pairing the  meeting  house  and  the  school  house." 

At  a  town  meeting  held  Dec.  1,  1739,  there  was  quite  a  dispute 
about  the  tax  rate  and  it  was  decided  by  an  aye  and  nay :  "  43 
for  itt.  33  against  it." 

Feb.  2,  1729-30.  The  school  is  to  be  kept  3°^  by  a  school- 
mater  and  3"^  by  a  "  school  mistris  "  and  the  money  allowed  by  the 
town  and  country  shall  be  divided  among  them  "  according  to  their 
ways  and  when  necessary  to  raise  money  on  poles  to  defray  the 
charge  of  s*^  half  years  school  it  shall  be  raised  upon  the  pools 
of  all  that  go  to  any  part  of  the  half  years  school  equally  and 
that  this  shall  be  a  standing  rule." 

It  was  voted  on  .Feb.  2,  1729-30,  that  the  annual  meeting 
should  be  held  the  first  Monday  in  November  and  the  hour  was 
"  to  begin  at  noon."  But  on  Nov.  2,  1730,  the  annual  meeting 
was  "  very  thin,  thought  fit  to  aiourn  and  it  was  aiourned  until 
Monday  the  ninth  of  this  instant  at  one  of  the  clock  in  the 
afternoon."  At  this  adjourned  meeting  John  Warner,  he  of  the 
account  book,  the  gravedigger,  the  public  officer,  was  continued  as 
"  dark."  The  salary  goes  up  to  £95  and  "  to  allow  5^  pr  load  for 

Still  the  wood  question  is  a  burning  one,  even  before  the  wood 
is  delivered,  for  on  Nov.  16,  1731,  Joseph  Frary  is  to  be  collector 
of  firewood,  "  and  if  any  person  shall  neglect  or  refuse  to  get 
and  carry  to  Mr.  Smith  his  or  their  part  of  wood  "  the  collector 
shall  have  "  full  power  to  make  destraint  on  such  person  for  his 
part   of   said   wood." 

On  Nov.  24,  1731,  the  schoolmaster  is  to  get  two-thirds  and  the 
school  mistris  one-third  and  Mr.  Smith's  salary  goes  up  to  :fill2, 
"  of  which  sum  1^  on  £  is  to  be  paid  in  wood  at  5^  per  load." 

Dec.  1,  1732,  a  half  pence  rate  is  voted  to  repair  the  school 
house.  (There  does  not  seem  to  be  any  complaint  that  the  school 
is  not  supplied  with  wood.)  Deacon  Wilcock  and  two  others  are 
to  call  the  former  collectors  to  account  for  what  they  are  behind 
to  use  in  repairing  the  schoolhouse.  Nov.  21,  1734,  "  Deacon  John 
Wilcock  was  chose  Moderator :  f  of  the  inhabitants  of  the  North 
Society  declared  that  it  was  of  necessity  to  build  a  new  meeting 
house  in  said  society."  Adjourned  to  "  Wednesday,  Nov.  28  at 
sun  down,"  at  which  adjourned  meeting 


"Voted  to  build  their  meeting  house  fifty  foot  long  and  thirty 
foot  in  width  "  and  "  to  begin  to  get  timber  last  of  January  or 
1^'  of  February  next. 

"  to  cover  their  meeting  house  with  18  inch  shingles  that  is  the 
roff  of  it. 

"  whoever  should  disburse  any  towards  the  build  of  said  meet- 
ing house  shall  bring  in  his  account  to  the  clerk  once  in  14  days 
on  the  Monday  evening  att  his  dwelling  house."  On  June  6,  1735, 
Deacon  John  Wilcock,  Deacon  Samuel  Gipson  and  Thomas  John- 
son were  the  committee  to  build,  but  Deacon  Wilcock  declined  to 
serve  and  Samuel  Shepard  was  appointed  in  his  stead. 

At  the  May  session,  1735,  of  the  Great  and  General  Court,  "  on 
memorial  of  the  north  society  two-thirds  had  voted  to  build  a  new 
meeting  house  and  asked  for  a  committee  to  view  said  society  and 
pitch  upon  a  proper  place  to  set  up  said  house.  The  Assembly 
appointed  Messrs.  Jabez  Hamlin,  Joseph  Southmayd  and  John 
Gaynes.  Said  committee  reported  that  they  had  staked  out  the 
place  for  sd  house  to  be  set  on,  which  is  about  10  feet  northward 
of  the  present  meeting  house.  Wherefore  this  Assembly  do  enact 
and  order,  that  the  said  inhabitants  shall  set  up  their  meeting 
house  at  said  place  staked  out  as  aforesaid." 

The  church  as  then  erected  stood  out  in  the  main  highway. 
Later  it  was  moved  back  some  distance,  so  that  it  did  not  inter- 
fere with  the  present  west  side  sidewalk. 

Nov.  3,  1735,  it  was  decided  to  build  55x30  feet  and  "  23  be- 
tween ioynts "  and  Thomas  Savage,  Francis  Wilcock  and  John 
Sage,  Jr.,  were  added  to  the  building  committee. 

March  22,  1735  (1736),  a  committee  was  fully  empowered  to 
use  all  lawful  means  to  recover  what  money  is  in  Deacon  Stow's 
hands  and  Thomas  Tillotson's  hands. 

"  Voted  that  what  drink  is  expended  in  raising  their  meeting 
house  shall  be  born  by  the  Society  excepting  what  shall  be  drunk 
with  their  victuals." 

The  Society  is  "  divided  into  three  parts  to  provide  a  dinner 
for  the  raisers  of  the  meeting  hous,  each  part  to  provid  the  day 
they  are  ordered  to  provid." 

While  the  work  of  building  this  church  occupies  their  attention 
their  pastor  is  called  to  his  rest.  Nov.  1,  1736,  Deacon  Samuel 
Gipson  was  chosen  moderator,  but  declined,  and  Joseph  Ranney, 
Sr.,  was  "  chosen  in  his  roome."  Mr.  Ranney  was  then  73  years 
of  age  and  had  resided  on  what  is  now  the  Frisbie  place  since  his 
marriage  50  years  before.  No  notice  is  taken  by  the  meeting  in  the 
way  of  passing  resolutions  of  regret,  but  "  the  society  granted  to 
the  Reverend  Mr.  Joseph  Smith,  deceased,  £100,  it  being  his  due 


at  the  time  of  his  decease."  And  a  committee  was  appointed  "  to 
take  the  advice  of  the  ministers  in  order  to  looking  out  for  a 
minister  for  this  society."  "  Candidating,"  even  then,  was  in 
vogue,  as  arrangements  were  made  for  "  any  of  them  to  come  and 
preach  to  us  in  this  Society." 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Brainerd  preached  for  five  Sabbaths  and  received 
£10  19s.  "  for  his  preach  to  us."  Mrs.  Smith  was  in  need  of  wood 
and  a  committee  was  appointed  "  to  agree  with  Mrs.  Smith  about 
the  wood  in  contest  between  Mrs.  Smith  and  Hhe  society." 

The  Rev.  Edward  Eells,  brother  to  the  Rev.  Nathaniel  Eells  of 
Stonington,  and  son  of  the  Rev.  Nathaniel  Eells  of  Scituate,  Mass., 
came  as  a  candidate,  and  on  July  7,  1737,  the  meeting  agreed  "  to 
voat  by  holding  up  hands  "  to  "  improve  M""  ealls  in  the  work  of 
the  ministry  further  upon  triall " ;  and  a  committee  was  "  Em- 
powered to  treat  with  M'"  ealls  to  know  what  he  must  have  for 
preaching  amongst  us  already  and  what  further  trial  and  to  treat 
with  M""  eals  upon  terms  of  settlement."  A  rate  of  2d.  for  "  ex- 
penses of  triall  already  "  was  voted. 

When  Oct.  5,  1737,  arrived  the  effort  to  bring  Deacon  Samuel 
Stow  to  terms  was  successful,  for  "  the  Society  quited  deacon 
Stow  of  7^  9^  of  ye  half  penny  rate  he  was  chosen  to  colect  Dec. 
11:1721,"  and  the  other  collectors  had  the  same  courteous  let- 
off.  A  rate  of  12d.  on  pound  was  ordered,  the  levy  being  £1737, 
so  that  £87  was  to  be  raised.  It  was  decided  to  finish  the  meeting 
house  before  winter  as  far  as  possible.  The  Society  agreed  to  pay 
Mrs.  Smith  for  five  or  six  Sabbaths  she  claimed  her  husband  was 
never  paid,  but  as  to  the  claim  for  wood,  the  clerk  was  chosen  with 
the  committee  to 

"  1 — treat  with  Mrs.  Smith  about  the  wood 

2 — and  agree  with  her 

3 — or  leave  it  to  arbitration 

4 — or  to  defend  it  in  law  if  they  cannot  agree  any  other  way." 

It  was  decided  to  pull  down  the  old  meeting  house  and  see  what 
timber  that  they  think  profitable  for  further  finishing  their  new 
meeting  house. 

At  the  same  meeting  they  "  made  choice  of  the  reverend  M"" 
edward  eales  "  to  be  their  minister,  and  voted  £400  for  his  encour- 
agement to  settle,  and  a  salary  of  £100.  Note  the  style  of  the 
clerk,  who  was  Capt.  John  Warner,  gravedigger,  weaver,  and  who 
"  filled  many  public  offices." 

In  1695  a  meadow  had  been  set  off  near  Goose's  Delight  for  a 
"  parsonage  " — or  land  for  the  use  of  the  parson.  It  now  con- 
sists of  27  acres  of  fine  meadow,  on  the  north  bank  of  Sebethe  River. 
On  Dec.  29,  1737,  a  committee  was  appointed  "  to  take  care  of  the 


parsnage  belonging  to  the  north  society  in  Middletown  and  to 
settle  the  fence  between  the  parsonage  and  the  neighbors  aioyning 
to  it.  and  it  was  agreed  upon  by  the  society  that  all  male  per- 
sons of  12  years  old  and  upward  shall  work  one  day  att  clearing 
the  parsonag  when  it  is  a  convenient  season." 

A  salary  of  £120  per  year  for  three  years  and  his  firewood  yearly 
— after  three  years  to  rise  £10  yearly,  till  it  comes  to  £140  yearly, 
and  his  firewood  annually  and  more  if  his  circumstances  call  for  it, 
"  provided  that  the  money  holds  its  present  currency  but  if  the 
valyation  of  the  money  rises  or  falls  then  to  rise  or  fall  accord- 
ingly " — a  wise  precaution  in  the  light  of  later  fluctuations. 

On  July  20,  1738,  three  deacons  were  appointed  "to  discours 
with  m""  eales  as  to  his  settlement  with  us  and  to  apoint  the  time 
for  his  ordination  and  all  other  things  that  are  proper  and  cus- 
tomary anticedien  to  ordination."  He  was  ordained  on  Sept.  6, 
1738  ;  the  sermon  preached  by  his  father  was  printed  and  a  copy  is  in 
the  Conn.  Historical  Society's  Library  in  Hartford. 

"  Nov.  ye  6"^  1738  "  John  Shepard  was  chosen  clerk.  And  on 
Dec.  18,  1738,  "  Then  John  Shepard  was  sworn,"  and  "  sam  Peck's 
rate  was  abated  for  the  first  year  to  ye  Eev.  Mr.  Edward  Ealls." 

A  yearly  school  is  now  to  be  kept  and  the  year  is  to  be  divided 
into  four  quarters.  The  third  quarter  is  to  be  kept  by  a  school 
"  mistris."  In  addition  to  town  and  country  money  what  is  needed 
to  be  raised  each  quarter  on  the  "  pooles."  If  a  child  go  only  one 
day  in  a  month  he  shall  pay  for  that  month.  Each  month  to 
begin  the  1st  day  of  the  month,  and  the  "  old  school  house  "  is 
to  be  repaired. 

On  Dec.  18,  1738,  the  petition  of  Joseph  Ranney,  Jr.,  Thomas 
Johnson  and  others  of  the  North  Society  was  laid  before  a 
town  meeting,  "  praying  the  town  to  release  all  the  title  it  may 
have  to  a  piece  of  common  land,  lying  between  Malachi  Lewis 
dwelling  house  and  Thomas  Stows,  Jr.,  bounded  South  on  com- 
mon field  or  highway  containing  6  or  7  acres,  in  order  to  pur- 
chase the  same  for  the  Rev.  Mr.  Edward  Eells."  The  request  was 
granted  and  the  deed,  Vol.  6,  p.  81,  Middletown  Land  Records, 
says  it  contains  eleven  acres.  This  was  on  the  west  side  of  the 
street  from  the  cemetery.  The  well  exists  to-day.  On  the  south 
part  of  this  homestead  the  Rev.  Mr.  Eells  built  a  mansion  for  his 
son,  Major  Edward  Eells,  and  then  deeded  it  to  him.  It  was 
for  many  years  known  as  the  Deacon  William  Ranney  house, 
whose  tan  vats  on  the  premises  have  left  their  impression  to  this 

About  this  time  the  town  was  much  interested  in  promoting 
the  increase  of  cattle  for  themselves,  being  farmers,  as  well  as  in 


looking  out  for  the  instruction  of  their  children.  At  times  the 
same  special  tax  for  schools  and  for  bulls  was  levied.  But  on  Dec. 
22,  1740,  £30  was  voted  for  schools  and  £40  for  bulls. 

On  July  4,  1740,  the  pew  at  the  right  hand  of  the  front  door 
was  assigned  for  the  family  use  of  Mr.  "  Eells,"  who  had  prob- 
ably instructed  the  clerk  how  to  write  his  name.  Mrs.  Smith 
was  released  from  paying  her  rate  "  for  ye  time  past." 

A  number  of  townships  had  been  laid  out  in  the  western  part 
of  the  colony  and  the  proceeds  were  to  be  devoted  to  the  support 
of  schools.  On  Dec.  11,  1741,  a  committee  was  appointed  to  re- 
ceive the  bonds  belonging  to  this  Society  and  to  lease  out  the  same 
again  for  the  use  of  this"  Society. 

At  a  town  meeting  held  Dec.  23,  1740,  John  Kirby  and  Samuel 
Shepard  were  permitted  "  to  sett  a  house  30x40  on  the  west  side  of 
the  north  society  school  house  in  the  highway  for  their  conveni- 
ence on  Sabbath  days."  John  Kirby  lived  four  miles  west,  and 
as  there  was  no  fire  in  the  church  they  were  thus  privileged  to 
erect  "  Sabbath  Day  houses "  where  the  comforts  of  a  fireplace 
gave  them  coals  for  use  in  getting  dinner  and  in  their  foot-pans  for 
the  afternoon  service  in  the  meeting  house. 

On  Nov.  1,  1742,  Thomas  Johnson  is  chosen  "dark"  for  said 
Society,  and  Francis  Wilcock,  Hugh  White  and  Ensign  John 
Sage  were  elected  to  "  order  the  prodentials  in  said  Society."  This 
Mr.  Johnson  was  a  son  of  the  man  who  in  1737  had  cut  the  stone 
for  the  Boston  house  of  Thomas  Handcock,  he  being  the  uncle 
of  John  Hancock  who  lived  in  this  house  when  he  put  his  famous 
signature  to  the  Declaration  of  Independence.  Young  Thomas 
Johnson  may  have  helped  to  carve  "  Thomas  and  Lydia  Hand- 
cock"  into  the  corner  stone  of  the  mansion  which  stood  a  short 
distance  west  of  the  Capitol,  where  Ginn  &  Co.  have  their  book 
headquarters.  When  this  house  was  torn  down  in  1863  the  corner 
stone  became  the  property  of  Henry  Savage  Chase  and  is  now  a 
part  of  the  gateway .  at  the  entrance  to  the  Chase  grounds  in 
Brookline,  Mass.  Mr.  Chase  was  grandson  of  Capt.  Timothy 
Savage.     (See  Savage  Family.) 

"  Voted  to  record  in  the  society's  book  at  all  times  coming  all 
the  Receipts  Procured  or  Given  by  the  Committee  of  s^  society." 
The  committee  was  empowered  to  settle  with  Mr.  Joseph  Smith  if 
anything  is  due  his  father.  A  committee  was  appointed  to  "  clear- 
ing the  Personage."  Wood  has  gone  up  to  lis.  per  load.  A  com- 
mittee was  duly  appointed  to  apprize  the  loads  "  and  if  said  com- 
mittee shall  judge  any  pretended  to  be  under  an  Honest  Load  it 
shall  pass  at  the  price  that  the  committee  shall  prize  it  at.  A  rate  of 
3**  for  clearing  the  personage." 


On  Nov.  7,  1743,  it  was  decided  to  keep  school  a  whole  year, 
half  the  time  by  a  schoolmaster,  half  the  time  by  a  school- 
mistress, she  to  receive  only  half  the  compensation  he  was  to  re- 
ceive. A  committee  was  named  and  empowered  "  to  hire  a  house 
or  houses,  to  keep  the  schoole  in,"  and  another  committee  "  to 
inspect  our  covenant  with  ye  Eev.  Mr  Edward  Eells  and  make 
report,"  and  the  meeting  adjourned  "  until  the  next  Monday  come 
seven  night  at   12   of   the   clock." 

The  need  of  a  new  schoolhouse  was  fully  recognized  on  Nov. 
21,  1743. 

It  was  voted  to  build  a  school  house. 

A  committee  was  appointed  to  build  it. 

The  schoolhouse  is  to  be  24  ft.  x  18  ft. 

Also  to  go  on  and  finish  the  meeting  house. 

A  rate  of  12d  for  building  the  schoolhouse  and  finishing  the 
meeting  house. 

To  add  £10  10s  to  the  Eev.  Mr.  Edward  Eells'  "  sallery  "  the  year 
ensuing  to  make  up  for  the  fall  of  money. 

The  £10  10s  in  committee's  hands  to  be  used  in  purchasing  a 
"  grave  cloath." 

To  take  up  three  seats  in  each  of  the  two  square  bodies  in  the 
meeting  house  and  make  pews  in  their  room. 

On  Nov.  5,  1744,  £23  old  tenor  was  added  to  the  "  sallery  "  this 
year  upon  the  consideration  of  the  fall  of  money.  And  Jonathan 
Ranney  was  allowed  something  more  than  the  £100  already  agreed 
on  for  finishing  the  meeting  house  as  the  committee  may  decide. 
He  soon  removed  to  Guilford,  where  he  had  found  a  wife  years 

The  town  had  become  disposed  to  "  improve  sundry  donations  " 
made  to  the  school  or  schools  in  Middletown  by  Messrs.  Jasper 
Clemence,  Samuel  Stow  and  Nathaniel  White,  "whether  the  s^ 
donations  may  (agreeable  to  the  wills  of  the  donors)  be  now  divided 
unto  the  several  schools  now  agreed  upon  to  be  kept  in  the  town 
or  whether  they  are  (according  to  said  wills)  belong  to  one  school 
or  schools."  So  on  Dec.  21,  1741,  the  matter  was  referred  to  a 
committee.  The  properties  were  sold  and  the  proceeds  put  into 
two  funds,  and  in  1851  Cromwell  received  its  share. 

Nov.  19,  1745,  the  salary  goes  up  to  £202  "old  tenor."  "If 
any  are  hindered  from  coming  to  school  by  unavoydable  providence 
it  shall  be  left  in  the  Brest  of  the  Schoole  committee  to  consider 
them."  The  farmers  in  the  northwest  part  of  the  Society,  now 
East  Berlin,  were  privileged  to  have  a  school  and  share  the  school 
money,  if  they  lived  over  1^  miles  from  the  schoolhouse. 

On  Nov.  3,  1746,  the  salary  is  £360,  "to  make  good  our  cove- 



nant  with  him."  How  many  clergymen  of  to-day  would  be  de- 
lighted if  their  salaries  were  based  on  the  purchasing  power  of 
the  dollar ! 

Nov.  7,  1748,  the  salary  is  £440,  and  a  school  is  to  be  kept  the 
whole  year,  ten  months  in  the  society's  schoolhouse  and  two  months 
in  the  northwest  quarter  at  the  dwelling  house  of  John  Savage, 
now  East  Berlin.  In  1750  stone  steps  are  to  be  procured  for  the 
meeting  house  at  discretion  of  the  committee. 

Like  tlie  wood  for  Parson  Smith,  the  "parsnage"  meadow,  out 
of  sight  from  a  house  in  1907,  became  the  occasion  of  much  trouble 
for  some  years.  So  on  April  2,  1753,  the  Society  offered  Mr. 
Eells  £100  annually,  old  tenor,  reckoning  it  according  to  silver  at 

Second  Church  and  Sabbath  Day.  Houses 

£3  per  ounce,  if  he  would  "give  this  society  an  aquitance  of  his 
right  in  the  personage  during  the  time  of  his  continuing  to  be 
our  minister.^'  ^ 

Nov.  4,  1751,  Nathaniel  Chauncey,  graduate  of  Yale,  and  son 
of  the  Eev.  Nathaniel  Chauncey,  the  first  graduate  of  Yale  as  also 
the  first  pastor  at  Durham,  descendant  of  President  Chauncy  of 
Harvard  College,  had  Just  come  to  town,  having  married  Mary 
(Hall)  Stocking,  widow  of  Johil  Stocking,  who  had  died  at 
"  Statia."  He  was  an  important  addition  to  the  community  and 
was  added  to  the  committee  "  to  let  out  the  donation  money  to  the 
best  advantage." 

"  The  First  Monday  after  the  Thanksgiving  "  is  set  as  the  day 
"to  bring  in  wood."  In  1754  the  salary  goes  up  to  £470  and  a 
committee  is  appointed  "  to  search  records  "  to  see  if  any  injus- 
tice had  been  done  Mr.  Eells  as  to  "  sallery."     Wood  is  £4  per 


cord.  The  committee's  report  led  the  Society  to  add  £50  to  the 
salary  "  in  order  to  make  good  the  damage  he  has  sustained  by 
bad  pay  in  time  past."  When  the  reader  turns  to  the  Eells  fam- 
ily record  it  will  be  seen  that  his  efforts  to  educate  a  family  de- 
served the  fullest  liberal  recognition. 

By  this  time  the  grandchildren  of  the  settlers  had  so  well  pop- 
ulated the  "  road  to  Hartford "  that  a  school  was  needed  only 
half  a  mile  north  of  the  church  green,  and  it  was  thought  best  to 
"  have  it  as  near  the  dwelling  house  of  Capt.  Joseph  Eanney  as 
the  school  committee  can  procure  a  suitable  place."  Five  months 
a  school  was  to  be  kept  in  the  schoolhouse  and  four  months  in 
the  "  north  part." 

In  1755  the  Society  had.  tired  of  paying  Mr.  Eells  £100  in  lieu 
of  the  "  personage,"  and  after  much  controversy  he  "  agreed  to  take 
it  back."  A  committee  had  made  a  report  and  the  Society  had 
"  voated  it  out."  "  Now  we  acknowledge  that  we  are  to  blame  and 
have  not  treated  Mr.  Eells  well  in  not  sending  a  committee  again." 
They  then  appointed  a  committee  "  to  repare  and  to  make  Ditches  " 
and  to  "  set  a  quick  according  to  Mr.  Eells  Proposals  in  order  to 
taking  the  parsonage  into  his  hands  again  and  also  to  lay  out 
money  in  subduing  the  parsonage."  Mr.  Eells'  "  proposals "  are 
then  recorded,  showing  he  owned  land  adjoining  the  "  parsonage  " 
meadow.  The  "  quick  "  referred  to  a  creek.  The  salary  goes  up 
to  £640  "  old  tenor  "  on  Nov.  10,  1755 ;  but  on  Nov.  10,  1756,  it 
goes  down  to  £6Q  "  lawful  money."  On  the  same  day  it  was  voted 
to  "  build  a  new  school  house  fourteen  feet  one  way  and  seventeen 
feet  the  other  way  to  be  set  up  a  little  northward  from  Captain 
Joseph  Eanney's  house."  This  schoolhouse  was  built,  but  of  dif- 
ferent dimensions.  About  fifty  years  ago  it  traveled  one  mile  to 
become  the  ell  of  a  house  located  near  Chestnut  Brook.  It  was 
covered  with  oak  plank  2|  inches  thick,  which  are  still  there,  put 
on  perpendicular-wise,  and  its  appearance  is  given  herewith. 

Still  the  salary  question  remains  a  burning  one.  Nov.  8,  1760. 
it  is  made  £70,  with  £15  for  last  year's  deficiency.  But  on  Nov. 
1,  1761,  Mr.  Eells  handed  in  a  proposal  which  he  himself  entered 
on  the  Society's  book,  in  which  he  proposed  a  salary  of  £80  "to 
avoid  yearly  disputes."  He  was  willing  "  after  the  extraordinary 
charges  of  the  war  are  over  "  to  begin  at  £70  and  work  up  to 
£80,  referring  to  the  French-Indian  War,  in  which  many  from 
here  were  engaged  and  he  was  a  chaplain.  That  this  was  '*  accepted 
bv  a  clear  vote."  is  the  clerk's  record. 
"  Nov.  2,  1761,  Daniel  Stocking,  known  as  "  The  Schoolmaster," 
and  a  graduate  of  Yale,  was  chosen  clerk  and  "  sworn  according 
to  law."     It  was  voted  to  put  a  "  window  on  the  back  side  of  the 


meeting  house  against  the  pulpit  for  the  benefit  of  the  Eev.  Mr. 
Eells."  Luke  Stebbins  and  several  others  are  to  "  tune  the  Psalms 
in  the  meeting  house  in  this  Society  for  the  year  insuing,"  "  The 
West  part  of  this  Society  was  permitted  to  build  them  a  school 
house  and  to  raise  1^  on  the  £  to  help  them." 

"Voted  that  the  limits  of  the  Western  School  in  this  Society 
should  be  bounded  Eastwardly  by  the  highway  running  north  from 
the  house  of  Mr,  Jared  Shepherd  to  the  Short  Hills,  so  called." 
This  constituted  the  "  northwest  district "  of  the  present  town. 
What  was  formerly  "  n.  w.  quarter  "  had  become  a  part  of  the 
Worthington  Society,  and  later  the  East  Berlin  part  of  the  town 
of  Berlin.  It  was  settled  by  Upper  Houses  families.  Its  cemetery 
was  givn  by  Daniel  Wilcox  and  is  well  kept. 

"  Voted  that  the  Instructions  for  the  Seaters  of  the  meeting 

house  should  proceed  in  the  seating  according  to  age,  honor  and 


Capt.  Samuel  Ga3'-lord  had  been  absent  for  six  seasons  engaged  in 
the  French-Indian  War,  and  when  he  returned  he  for  some  reason 
asked  to  have  his  rate  abated.  This  request  was  refused  Nov.  8, 
1762.  John  Clark  was  chosen  to  be  gravedigger.  Th*e  meeting 
adjourned  to  the  day  after  Thanksgiving,  but  when  they  met 
Nov.  19  their  dinner  must  have  left  them  unfit  to  do  business  for 
they  "  adjourned  without  date."  In  1764  they  decided  "  to  agree 
with  a  mason  to  build  a  stone  chimney  in  the  south  schoolhouse." 
In  1765  they  met  "  by  special  warning  to  consider  and  vote  relat- 
ing to  school  money  that  is  in  the  hands  of  Mr.  Lawrence  of 
Canaan  and  other  matters  that  may  occur,"  and  instructed  the 
"  committee  on  donations  to  this  Society "  to  act  in  the  affairs 
of  the  monies  that  were  left  in  the  hands  of  Mr.  Lawrence  of 
Canaan  for  this  school.  In  1766  they  decided  to  alter  both  the 
pews  under  the  stairs,  and  in  1767  the  "  seaters  are  to  seat  the 
galleries  so  far  as  they  think  proper." 

Winter  in  those  days  without  a  fire  in  the  church  was  winter 
at  the  best,  but  the  society's  committee  was  instructed  to  repair 
the  meeting  house  "  to  make  it  comfortable  in  winter." 

The  growth  of  the  population  had  been  such,  notwithstanding 
that  many  had  gone  to  Vermont,  Western  Massachusetts,  and  the 
western  part  of  the  colony^  that  provision  must  be  made  for  more 
school  accommodations ;  so  there  is  issued  a  "  Special  Warning," 
and  on  Christmas  Day,  1770,  the  record  as  prepared  by  the  clerk 
reads : 

Voted,  That  the  schools  in  this  society  for  the  future  shall  be 
divided  into  four  destricts. 


L  Voted.  The  North  School  is  to  include  southward  Mr.  Com- 
fort Butler  and  Mr.  Nathaniel  Riley.  The  Butler  house  is  now 
known  as  the  "  Wightman "  house  and  Nathaniel  Riley's  house 
stood  where  the  Connecticut  Home  for  aged  veterans  and  their 
wives  stands. 

2  Voted.  The  South  School  is  from  Mr.  Rileys  southward  to 
the  ferry  bridge  and  westward  to  the  brook  called  Wilcox  Brook. 
This  is  the  brook  which  runs  into  the  old  quarry  pond. 

3  Voted.  The  West  School  is  from  Wilcox  Brook  excluding 
Jerod  Shepherd  north  to  Wethersfield. 

4  Taking  in  Jerod  Shepherd  running  west  to  the  (Little) 
River  and  north  to  Wethersfield  line. 

Voted.  "  That  a  school  house  should  be  built  in  the  3rd  destrict 
Dimensions  16  feet  one  way  and  18  the  other."  Solomon  Sage 
to  be  the  committee  to  build  it.  Capt.  Plumb  and  Mr.  Ozias 
Wilcox  were  to  locate  it. 

On  the  third  Monday  in  November,  1771,  Mr.  Daniel  Stocking 
serves  for  the  last  time  as  "  dark." 

School  committees  and  collectors  were  elected  as  follows: 

SolomcJn  Savage  (an  M.  D.,  too)  for  the  North  District. 

Edward  Eells,  Jr.,  for  the  3rd  District. 

Aaron  White  for  the  4th  District. 

And  none  named  for  the  South  or  original  district. 

The  committee  was  empowered  to  hire  a  room  for  the  3rd  dis- 
trict and  the  children  of  that  district  were  permitted  to  attend 
the  South  School  district.  The  sum  of  £20  was  to  be  raised  for 
building  the  schoolhouse  in  the  3rd  district.  Edward  Eells,  Jr., 
was  elected  clerk.  He  enlisted  in  1774  in  the  special  emergency 
troops,  started  for  the  seat  of  war  the  day  after  word  came  of 
the  battle  of  Lexington,  served  all  through  the  war,  being  at 
Bunker  Hill  and  Yorktown;  was  one  of  the  Founders  of  the  So- 
ciety of  the  Cincinnati,  and  sleeps  beside  his  honored  father.  His 
grave  is  marked  with  the  bronze  marker  of  the  Society  of  the 
Sons  of  the  American  Revolution,  as  are  thirty  graves  of  other 
patriots,  whose  bones  rest  within  the  limits  of  the  North  Society, 
while  the  memorial,  of  boulder,  shells  and  cannon  is  in  memory  of 
more  than  fifty  others  born  here,  who  served  in  the  Revolution  and 
found  graves  elsewhere.  Here  is  the  style  of  Edward  Eells,  Jr., 
as  clerk: 


"  Meeting  of  April  3  :  1772 

1  Vote 

That  the  South  and  neighboring  West  school  Districts  should 
come  into  one  District  and  that  there  should  be  built  one  new 
school  house  to  accommodate  the  Districts  and  that  the  new  school 
house  should  be  placed  over  the  brook  called  Wilcox  brook  near 
Mr.  Fletcher  Ranneys  (his  house  is  given  herewith)  and  that 
other  votes  that  are  passed  respecting  the  school  which  interferes 
with   this  vote   are  repealed. 

2  Vote 

The  Dementhons  of  the  above  voted  house  should  be  26  feet 
one  way  and  20  feet  the  other. 

3  Vote 

Solomon  Sage  and  John  Sage  are  appointed  a  committee  to 
build  it. 

4  Vote 

That  the  above  house  should  be  Built  with  brick. 

5  Vote 

That  the  twenty  pounds  that  was  voted  in  the  1771  to  build 
the  West  school  house  should  be  put  to  the  use  of  the  above  voted 
house  with  the  two  pound  rearges." 

On  Sept.  21,  1772.  The  Society  reconsidered  "ye  1  vote  con- 
cerning joyning  ye  South  District  with  ye  dist. 

"  Granted  to  ye  South  Destrict  in  order  to  help  them  to  a 
school  house  in  ye  Room  of  ye  old  school  house  Destroyed  by  fire 
£20  to  be  raysed  by  ye  levy  of  this  Society." 

On  Monday,  Nov.  9,  1772: 

"3  Vote 

Mr.  Joseph  Frary  and  Mr.  Abijah  Savage  are  chosen  for  a 
committee  to  see  into  the  afair  of  the  South  Destrict  consarning 
there  school  house  to  build  it. 

4  Vote 

That  the  South  Destrict  school  house  should  stand  where  it 
now   stands." 

James  Smith  for  the  South,  William  Sage  for  the  Third  and 
Jarod  Shepherd  for  the  fourth,  were  elected  district  committees, 
and  Doctor  "Hollaburds"  (Hurlbiit)  rate  was  abated.  These 
three  men  soon  were  actively  engaged  in  the  War  of  the  Revolution. 

On  Nov.  1,  1773: 

Joseph  Frary  for  the  South,  Hezekiah  Ranney  for  the  North 
and  Wm.  Savage  for  the  West  District  are  district  committees. 
Joseph  Frary  was  epiinent  as  a  surveyor,  Hezekiah  Ranney  as  a 
schoolmaster  will  be  written  of  elsewhere,  as  also  Wm.   Savage, 


who  married  Abiah  Eells,  daughter  of  John  Eells  and  the  widow 
of  Mordecai  Lincoln,  whose  name  on  his  tombstone  is  Linkton. 
They  came  here  from  Taunton,  she  being  a  niece  of  the  Rev. 
Edward  Eells. 

And  here  ends  the  volume  with  a  parchment  cover.  The  next 
volume  of  the  Society's  records  is  missing.  The  arrangement  by 
which  a  "  Society "  governed  schools  and  the  financial  part  of  a 
church  continued  till  1795,  when  the  General  Assembly  relegated 
to  each  school  district  the  management  of  its  own  affairs  and  the 
"  Society  "  was  restricted  to  managing  the  church's  finances.  In 
1786  Hezekiah  Ranney  made  a  report  showing  he  had  taught  the 
combined  South  and  West  districts,  giving  the  number  of  days' 
attendance  on  the  part  of  the  children  of  each  head  of  a  family, 
and  the  quantity  of  wood  furnished  by  each  head.  This  report  has 
lately  disappeared. 

The  brick  schoolhouse  in  the  third  or  West  District  stood  on 
the  open  ground  in  front  of  the  present  Catholic  parsonage,  and 
was  also  in  front  of  the  home  of  Elisha  Sage,  the  Revolutionary 
patriot,  who  in  1795  built  the  exterior  walls  of  the  old  State  House 
in  Hartford  and  which  was  designed  by  Bulfinch,  who  designed  the 
original  Capitol  at  Washington  and  the  old  State  House  in  Bos- 
ton. There  is  no  record  known  of  any  contract  or  workers  on 
the  old  Connecticut  State  House,  except  that  in  1802  his  widow, 
Martha  Sage,  demurred  to  the  General  Assembly  against  being 
called  on  to  pay  damages  because  of  her  husband's  failure  to  com- 
plete his  contract  in  time,  on  the  ground  that  the  materials  were 
not  promptly  furnished.  In  this  brick  schoolhouse  Elisha  Sage, 
Jr.,  attended  school,  he  being  the  father  of  the  late  Russell  Sage. 
The  compiler  of  this  volume  taught  in  this  brick  schoolhouse  in 
the  winter  of  1855-56. 

About  1795  the  General  Assembly  took  the  matter  of  schools 
out  of  the  hands  of  the  societies.  Abijah  Savage  appeared  before 
the  General  Assembly  and  had  the  Society  divided  into  five  dis- 
tricts by  dividing  the  North  District  into  two  so  that  the  south  line 
of  the  Center  District  was  brought  down  to  a  line  running  between 
the  present  Congregational  and  Baptist  churches.  The  town  map 
in  the  County  Atlas  published  in  1884  gives  these  lines  in  colors. 

But  the  desire  of  a  separate  school  of  a  higher  grade  had  earlier 
taken  root  in  this  community,  and  the  town  received  the  follow- 
ing petition: 

"  Sept.  9,  1782,  To  the  inhabitants  of  Middletown,  to  be 
assembled  in  town  meeting  this  day.  Gentlemen.  The  educa- 
tion of  children  we  look  upon  as  a  matter  of  great  importance 


&  which  in  many  places  too  very  much  neglected,  &  in  order 
that  our  children  may  no  longer  share  in  the  common  calamity, 
we  the  subscribers  have  entered  into  a  written  agreement  to 
set  up,  support,  &  maintain  at  our  own  private  expense,  a 
school  to  be  steadily  kept,  both  winter  &  summer,  &  having 
no  place  on  our  land  convenient  as  that  spot  on  which  one  was 
formerly  built  a  few  rods  west  of  the  meeting  house,  we  there- 
fore earnestly  request  the  favor  of  this  town,  to  grant  us  liberty 
to  build  a  house,  on  that  spot  of  ground  and  as  it  cant  possibly, 
in  any  degree  discommode  the  public  nor  any  private  person, 
and  as  our  design  in  its  own  nature  is  laudable  &  cant  but  meet 
the  approbation  of  every  generous  mind,  so  we  flatter  ourselves, 
you  will  so  far  countenance  our  design,  as  cheerfully  to  comply 
with  our  request. 

"  N'athi  Eells         ^      Com'ee 
"  Wm  Sage  I       in  behalf 

"  Timo  Gibson       i       of  the 
J       whole. 
"Voted,  That  the  memorialists  have  liberty  to  erect  a  School 
house  as  mentioned  above,  during  the  town's  pleasure." 

The  Rev.  Gershom  Bulkeley,  graduate  of  Yale,  was  then  minis- 
ter of  the  North  Society. 
Isaac  Gridley,  a  graduate  of 
Yale  in  the  class  of  1773, 
where  he  was  roommate  of 
Nathan  Hale,  the  martyr 
spy,  had  been  teaching  here 
for  some  time.  Other  col- 
lege graduates  resided  here. 
The  author  of  the  petition  was  a  master  of  good  English.  The 
schoolhouse  was  erected  and  maintained  as  a  private  school  within 
the  memory  of  the  most  aged  persons  residing  here. 

The  village  south  of  the  church  green  and  near  the  river  was 
very  thickly  settled,  owing  to  the  multiplication  of  ship  yards, 
and  wharves  and  warehouses,  the  "West  India  and  other  sea  trade 
having  become  the  principal  source  of  revenue.  In  1808  a  lot 
was  purchased  for  $105  and  a  two-story  schoolhouse  was  erected 
thereon  which  was  in  use  till  1902.  The  name  of  "Bell  School 
House  '*  had  been  given  to  it  because  of  its  having  a  bell.  This 
bell  bears  the  inscription,  "  Jean  Bazin,  1776."  On  one  side  is  a 
scene  of  the  Crucifixion  and  on  the  other  is  a  representation  of 
the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary.  It  was  probably  brought  by  some  one 
of  the  dozens  of  sea  captains  from  a  French  West  India  port.     It 


is  about  twelve  inches  in  height  and  is  kept  at  the  Nathaniel  White 
School.  At  the  1903  celebration  it  rested  on  the  boulder  then 
dedicated  to  the  more  than  fifty  Eevolutionary  patriots  born  here 
and  buried  elsewhere.  When  the  census  of  1814  was  tak6n  the 
following  showed  the  number  of  children  in  each  school  district: 
South,  120 ;  North,  51 ;  Nooks  or  Center,  16 ;  Brick,  45 ;  North 
West,  45. 

The  spirit  that  had  prompted  the  erection  in  1782  of  a  private 
school  found  further  exercise  in  the  formation  of  a  debating  society. 
This  society  in  1810  became  The  Friendly  Association.  Its  first 
president  was  the  Rev.  Joshua  Lewis  Williams,  who  was  elected 
Feb.  20,  1810,  He  was  frequently  elected,  as  each  president  was 
elected  for  only  a  short  term.  His  last  election  was  on  March  2, 
1830.  Among  its  early  presidents  were  William  Walter  Woodworth, 
afterwards  a  clergyman;  Dr.  William  Tully,  later  of  Yale  Medical 
Faculty;  Wm.  C.  Redfield,  the  father  of  the  American  Society  of 
Science  and  author  of  many  works.  The  first  volume  of  records 
shows  that  422  meetings  had  been  held  previous  to  March  29,  1831. 
Then  the  second  volume  was  opened  showing  that  the  940th  meet- 
ing was  held  Jan.  10,  1860.  The  Rev,  Zebulon  Crocker,  who  suc- 
ceeded Mr.  Williams  as  pastor,  was  an  active  member  till  death 
removed  him.  The  most  influential  residents  were  active  mem- 
bers. They  had  a  valuable  library,  and  their  frequent  meetings 
were  not  merely  for  debate,  but  for  the  presentation  of  original 
essays  and  stories,  for  recitations  and  dialogues,  and  Mrs.  Silas  Sage 
frequently  regaled  the  audiences  with  her  original  poetry.  The 
annual  exercises  were  as  elaborate  as  those  of  a  high  school  of  the 
present  day,  and  were  held  in  the  meeting  house.  The  result  was 
the  following  agreement : 

"Whereas  on  the  15  day  of  August  A.  D.  1834  the  under- 
signed subscribed  to  a  paper  the  object  of  which  was  to  erect 
in  Middletown  North  Society  a  suitable  two  Story  Building  foi 
literary  and  religious  purposes,  the  upper  story  or  room  to  be 
exclusively  for  the  use  of  the  Second  Congregational  Church  & 
Societv  in  Middletown  unless  wanted  as  well  as  the  lower  room 
for  literary  purposes — and  whereas  in  accomplishing  said  object 
land  situated  easterly  of  sd  Society  Meeting  House  has  been 
purchased  of  Israel  Russell  (the  conveyance  not  yet  having  been 
made)  and  a  Building  thereon  erected — Now  in  order  to  au- 
thorize the  manner  &  form  of  the  conveyance  from  said  Russell 
&  thereafter  the  manner  in  which  the  Building  &  premises  shall 
be  held  we  direct  as  follows — That  the  said  Russell  convey  the 


premises  to  Eben  Wilcox  Isaac  Sage  &  Joseph  Williams  &  the 
persons  who  shall  succeed  them  in  the  manner  hereinafter  speci- 
fied forever  in  trust  for  the  uses  &  purposes  above  expressed, 
the  places  of  the  said  Wilcox  Sage  &  Williams  in  the  execution 
of  said  trust,  in  case  of  decease,  or  inability  to  act,  to  be  sup- 
plied by  such  person  or  persons  as  Richard  Warner  Stephen  Mil- 
drum  &  John  Parmalee  the  com^^  of  said  Society  or  their  suc- 
cessors as  such  Committee  forever,  from  time  to  time  may  ap- 
point any  &  all  stipulations  in  the  original  writing  not  herein 
express'^  or  implied  are  recalled,  dated  at  Middletown  May  26, 

This  was  signd  by  44  persons,  of  whom  the  Rev.  Zebulon 
Crocker  was  one,  and  Dr.  Richard  Warner,  Nath^  Bushnell,  Wm. 
C.  Redfield  as  com*«  &  in  behalf  of  2*^  Ecc  Society,  and  Wm.  R. 
Stocking  in  behalf  of  the  Friendly  Association. 

"  In  pursuance  of  the  object  expressed  in  the  foregoing  paper 
dated  May  26,  1836,  by  Joseph  Williams  &  others  executed  & 
especially  for  one  hundred  &  forty  dollars  received  to  my  full 
satisfaction  of  the  signers  thereof  I  Israel  Russell — grant,  etc — 
for  the  uses  &  purposes  in  said  paper  Specified  forever  in  trust " 

This  was  signed  by  Israel  Russell  on  Dec.  1,  1836. 

The  friendly  Association  took  two  shares  of  the  stock.  The  prop- 
erty cost  $1700.  The  Academy  prospered  for  many  years.  The 
teachers  were: 

Rev.  Sylvester  Judd,  Yale  1835,  6  months. 

Rev.  John  Lord  Taylor,  Yale  1836,  6  months 

Rev.  Richard  F.  Searle,  Wesleyan  1835,  1  year. 

Rev.  Edgar  J.  Doolittle,  Yale  1836,  1^  years,  married  dau.  of 
Deacon  Israel  Sage. 

Rev.  Isaac  P.  Warren,  D.  D.,  Yale  1838,  1^  years,  married  dau. 
of  Capt.  Thomas  Stow. 

James  Hanmer  Francis,  Yale  1826,  1  year. 

Rev.  George  Thatcher,  Yale  1840,  1  year.  * 

Rev.  Jared  0.  Knapp,  Yale  1840,  3  years. 

Rev.  R.  D.  H.  Allen,  Middlebury,  1841,  1  year. 

Rev.  Wm.  S.  Wright,  Yale  1839,  5  years. 

Joseph  Bardwell  Lyman,  Yale  1850,  6  months. 

Julius  Y.  Leonard,  Yale  1851. 

The  Rev.  Edward  Eells  died  Oct.  12,  1776,  and  the  Rev.  Ger- 
shom  Bulkeley  was  installed  June  17,  1778.  He  built,  or  his  father 
built  for  him,  the  house  standing  opposite  the  corner  of  the  old 



cemetery,  now  known  as  the  Joseph  Edwards  place.  He  resigned 
July  7,  1808,  at  which  time  he  purchased  the  house  built  by  Dea- 
con Samuel  Stocking  for  his  daughter  Bethia,  who  had  married 
Thomas  Stow.  The  Stow 'heirs  in  1808  sold  it  to  Mr.  Bulkeley. 
It  stood  about  opposite  the  Methodist  church. 

The  Eev.  Joshua  Lewis  Williams  was  installed  June  14,  1809, 
and  his  pastorate  ended  with  his  death  Dec.  29,  1832.  He  was 
known  as  "  Priest  Williams."  His  great  work  was  as  President 
of  the  Friendly  Association.  The  Rev.  Zebulon  Crocker  was  in- 
stalled May  2,  1833,  and  his  pastorate  ended  with  his  death  Nov. 
14,  1847.  In  this  short  time  he  secured  the  building  of  the  Acad- 
emy, the  present  (brick)  church,  and  the  present  (brick)  par- 
sonage. He  maintained  his  interest  in  the  Friendly  Association 
to  the  last.  He  left  no  children.  The  Academy,  the  Brick  Church 
and  the  Brick  parsonage  and  the  granite  obelisk  speak  his  worth. 

In  1880  the  Rev.  Myron  S.  Dudley  published  the  History  of 
Cromwell,  which  had  its  origin  in  his  centennial,  1876,  sermon  to 
which  he  made  additions  and  issued  it  as  a  "  Sketch,"  showing  much 
research.  He  died  in  1906,  having  been  an  active  member  of  the 
New  England  Genealogical  Society.  From  this  "  Sketch  "  the  fol- 
lowing tables  are  taken : 

The  following  is  the  roll  of  deacons  who  have  served  this  church 
since  its  organization: 

Names.  Appointed.         Ceased  to  Act.  Remarks. 
Sam'l  Hall,  Feb.  10,  1716 

W.  Savage,  "  "        "                 Jan.  25,  1727 

S.  Stow,  Sept.  28,  1741 

J.  Wilcox  May  13,  1751  Died,  M  68 

S.  Gipson,  March  18,  1748  "       "  76 

S.  Shepherd,  Dec.  3,  1745  April  9,  1750  Drowned 

I.  White,  Jan.  15,  1749  June  27,  1769  Died,  M  71 

W.  Savage,  1774  "       "  74 

T.    Johnson,  Jan.    9,    1766    Dec.    26,    1774  "       "  56 

J.  Kirby,  Nov.   29,  1770  Sept.   12,   1783  "       "  64 

S.  Sage,  Jan..  26,  1775  June  7,  1795  "       "  74 

T.  Gipson,  Jan.  14,  1784  March  23,  1810  Resigned 

A.  Sage,  Feb.  22,  1790  March  23,  1810 

J.  Hubbard,  Dec.  14,  1807  Aug.  23,  1808  Died,  M  63 

B.  Parmelee,  Mar.  23,  1810  April  6,  1822  Resigned. 
R.  Sage,  July,  1817  Mar.  13,  1826  Died,  M  49 
J.  R.  Wilcox,  Nov.  11,  1822  Jan.  4,  1839  Resigned 

I.  Sage,  Oct.  29,  1826,  Sept.  30,  1861  Died,  M  75 

R.  Warner,  Jan.  4,  1839  Sept.  1,  1843  Resigned. 



1715-1736.     21  years. 
By  Profession,  53 

"     Letter,  21 

Total,  74 

Average  3.  5. 


1738-1776.     38  years. 
By   Profession,  116 

"    Eenewal,  227 

"     Letter,  17 

Total,  360 

Average,  9.5  nearly. 


1778-1808.     28  years. 
By  Profession  69 

"     Eenewal,  176 

"     Letter,  H 

Total,  256 

Average,  9. 

J.  L.  Williams's  pastorate! 

1809-1832.     23  years. 
By  Profession,  210 

"     Letter,  21 

Total,  231 

Average,  10. 

z.  Crocker's  pastorate. 

1833-1847.     14  years. 
By  Profession,  95 

"     Letter,  49 

Total,  144 

Average,    10. 


The  Baptist  Church 

Luther  Savage,  a  soldier  in  the  War  of  the  Revolution,  having 
removed  to  Hartford,  became  a  Baptist.  Josiah  Savage,  his  brother, 
also  a  patriot,  had  married  Mary  Roberts,  b.  Dec.  9,  1763,  daughter 
of  Dr.  Aaron  Roberts  and  Hepzibah  (Johnson)  Shepard,  widow  of 
Edward  Shepard  who  was  son  of  Lieut,  and  Deacon  Samuel  Shep- 
ard and  Mary  Ranney.  Dr.  Roberts  had  bought  the  Mathias  Treat 
house,  which  had  been  the  home  of  Edward  and  Mrs.  Shepard. 
Josiah  Savage  had  bought  the  easterly  part  of  the  Treat  homestead 
including  the  Jonathan  Frary  "mantion"  of  1760.  Mrs.  Mary 
(Roberts)  Savage,  visiting  Luther  Savage  in  Hartford,  became  im- 
bued with  Baptist  principles  and  was  immersed  there  in  Park 
River.  She  began  an  active  campaign  among  her  friends  and 
neighbors,  holding  meetings  in  her  own  home  and  elsewhere.  It 
was  at  a  time  when  there  was  a  revolt  against  the  rigid  rules  of  the 
"  established  order,"  the  Congregational  Church.  As  a  result  a 
number  became  members  of  the  Hartford  Baptist  Church.  On 
January  19,  1802,  a  meeting  was  held  at  the  house  of  Comfort 
Ranney  and  his  wife,  Ruth  Treat,  at  which  steps  were  taken  to- 
wards the  organization  of  a  church.  Elder  Eber  Moffatt  of 
Stephentown,  New  York,  had  evidently  been  laboring  here.  He 
and  Capt.  Timothy  Savage,  a  younger  brother  of  Luther  and 
Josiah,  were  chosen  to  write  a  letter  to  the  Hartford  church.  It 
was  dated  January  29,  1802.  As  a  result  the  Hartford  church 
gave  letters  dismissory  to  Comfort  Ranney  and  wife  Ruth  Treat; 
Timothy  Savage  and  wife  Sarah  Collins;  Eleazar  Savage,  Stephen 
and  John  Treat;  Sarah  Savage,  later  wife  of  Col.  Josiah  Sage  and 
sister  of  Timothy;  Percy  Savage,  another  sister;  Mary  Roberts 
Savage;  Mary  Savage,  later  wife  of  Simeon  Ranney;  Ruth  (White) 
Ranney,  wife  of  Joseph  Ranney;  and  Willard  Ranney,  brother  of 

Deacon  John  Bolles,  Samuel  Beckwith  and  Luther  Savage  were 
delegated  to  sit  in  council  with  the  members  from  Upper  Houses 
on  Saturday,  Feb.  6,  1902.  Elder  Moffatt,  Elder  Nehemiah  Dodge 
of  New  London,  and  brother  Enoch  Green  of  the  Middletown  Bap- 
tist church  were  members  of  the  council. 

March  30,  1803,  at  the  home  of  Capt.  Timothy  Savage,  they 
adopted  the  "  New  Hampshire  Confession  of  Faith."  A  committee 
applied  to  the  town  for  a  location  on  which  to  build  a  church.  The 
town's  committee  reported  in  favor  of  a  location  on  the  West 
Green,  nine  rods  northwest  of  the  "  Brick "  schoolhouse.  The 
town  meeting  gave  permission  to  build  two  rods  further  north. 


The  size  of  the  church  is  to  be  seen  from  the  marks  indicating 
the  foundation.  The  corner  stone,  a  rough  boulder,  is  still  to  be 
seen  there.  Elder  Moffatt  died  in  1804,  and  his  grave  in  the  old 
cemetery  is  marked  with  a  headstone. 

Soon  after  the  organization  of  the  church,  William  Ranney, 
brother  to  the  Joseph  named  above,  and  wife  Olive  Hamlin,  a 
descendant  of  the  Rev.  Joseph  Smith,  the  first  pastor  of  the  Con- 
gregational Church,  became  members.  He  was  a  tanner  occupying 
the  house  built  by  Rev.  Edward  Eells  for  his  son,  IMajor  Edward 
Eells.  His  zeal  in  the  church  led  to  his  house  being  termed  "  The 
Minister's  Tavern."  He  was  a  deacon  for  many  years.  His  grand- 
son, Rev,  Edwin  H.  Ranney,  licensed  by  this  church  March  29  1852, 
delivered  an  address  on  his  "  Early  Reminiscences  "  on  July  19, 
1905,  before  the  Society  of  Middlettown  Upper  Houses,  and  which 
is  to  be  found  in  this  volume. 

Late  in  his  life,  1826,  Josiah  Savage  was  received  into  the 
church.  His  son,  Jesse,  removed  to  Hartford,  became  a  prominent 
member  of  the  First  Baptist  Church,  and  was  very  successful  in 
business.  His  daughter,  Mrs.  Cornelia  Savage  Chase,  in  her 
lifetime  gave  $100,000  to  various  Baptist  enterprises  and  by  her 
will  left  $500  to  the  Cromwell  Baptist  Church  and  $500  to  care  for 
the  Savage  and  Gridley  lots  in  the  old  cemetery. 

In  1833  the  old  church  was  brought  to  the  village  and  located 
just  north  of  the  present  bank  building.  In  1853  the  present 
edifice  was  erected.  The  pastors  and  people  of  this  church  have 
been  very  courteous  to  the  Society  of  Middletown  Upper  Houses 
in  assisting  at  the  various  reunions  and  in  voting  to  give  the 
use  of  the  church  for  its  reunions. 

The  Cemeteries 

Previous  to  the  laying  out  of  a  cemetery  in  Upper  Houses,  Janu- 
ary, 1713,  new  style,  all  burials  were  in  Riverside  Cemetery,  "  South 
side,"  The  railroad  has  encroached  from  time  to  time  upon  this 
old  cemetery  until  the  greater  half  of  it  lying  next  to  the  river 
has  disappeared.  In  the  remaining  part  are  the  headstones  and 
footstones  of  Capt.  Nathaniel  White  and  his  first  wife,  and  of 
David  Sage, 

As  Thomas  Ranney  died  in  June,  1713,  it  is  presumed  that  he 
may  have  been  the  first  buried  in  the  Upper  Houses.  The  town 
record  says  he  died  June  25.  His  tombstone  says  he  died  June 
21,  the  "  1 "  being  reversed.  Later  the  cemetery  was  enlarged  on 
the  north  end  where  marble  headstones  show  the  later  fashion. 


There  is  a  cemetery  fund  of  twelve  hundred  dollars  conveyed  to 
the  town  in  1885,  of  which  a  thousand  dollars  came  from  the  estate 
of  Miss  Mary  Ann  Latimer.  Under  the  leadership  of  the  Rev. 
Myron  L.  Dudley,  ]\Ir.  Ralph  B.  Savage,  Mr.  Elisha  T.  Sage,  and 
Mr.  Bulkeley  Edwards,  the  citizens  were  aroused  to  put  the  ceme- 
tery in  proper  condition,  which  was  done  in  1880.  Miss  Fanny 
Gridley  of  Northampton,  Mass.,  contributed  $20  to  cover  the 
cost  of  renewing  the  inscription  on  the  table  stone  of  her  ances- 
tor, the  Rev.  Joseph  Smith,  the  Church  having  previously  voted 
to  renew  the  inscription,  the  leaden  insert  having  been  appropriated 
at  some  time,  probably  for  the  making  of  bullets,  as  was  done 
with  the  leaden  one  to  John-  Sage  and  his  wife  Hannah  Starr.  The 
annual  town  meeting,  on  Oct.  3,  1881,  had  solemnly  pledged  itself 
to  accept  any  gifts  for  the  cemetery  and  to  use  the  interest  thereof 
to. "protect,  clean  and  beautify"  the  burying  yard.  In  1903  an 
iron  fence  was  erected  in  place  of  the  picket  one  erected  in  1880.  By 
the  will  of  Mrs.  Cornelia  Savage  Chase  the  town  received  $500,  less 
the  State  tax,  netting  $476,  the  interest  of  which  is  to  be  used  to 
care  for  the  Savage  and  Gridley  lots.  The  growth  of  the  northwest 
section  of  the  town  calling  for  a  cemetery,  Israel  Kelsey  sold  to 
the  town  on  January  20,  1802,  "  for  a  burying  ground  "  ten  rods 
front  and  rear  and  seven  rods  deep,  etc.,  "  reserving  to  myself  and 
my  heirs  the  grazing  of  sd  piece  of  land  yearly  for  small  stock 
only  such  as  sheep  and  calves."  The  first  burial  in  this  lot  was 
of  Aaron  White,  who  had  served  in  the  French-Indian  War  and 
in  the  War  of  the  Revolution. 

In  Time  of  War 

He  who  "  came  to  bring  a  sword "  knew  that  human  rights 
must  be  maintained  "  by  the  sword."  Hardly  had  Windsor,  Hart- 
ford and  Wethersfield  been  settled  than  the  Pequots  determined  to 
exterminate  the  settlers.  Under  Capt.  Mason,  in  1637,  a  force 
was  successfully  sent  against  them.  Among  those  who  went  from 
Hartford  was  William  Bloomfield  who  soon  after  helped  to  settle 
the  Upper  Houses. 

In  1746  a  regiment  of  Connecticut  troops  was  organized  to  co- 
operate with  other  forces  to  attack  Canada.  This  regiment  was 
to  have  proceeded  against  Louisburg  but  got  only  as  far  as  New 
London.  The  muster  roll  found  in  England  a  few  years  ago 
shows  that  several  enlisted  in  this  regiment  from  the  Upper  Houses, 
and  from  East  Middletown  settled  in  1710  from  the  Upper  Houses. 

The  French-Indian  War,  1755-64,  had  its  scene  of  action  in 
Northern   New   York,   and   the   Upper   Houses   with   its   limited 



population  seems  to  have  generously  contributed  of  its  men  and 
means.  The  Connecticut  Historical  Society  has  issued  two  vol- 
umes giving  a  record  of  those  who  served  in  this  war.  Among 
these  was  Amos  Savage  who  lost  his  powder  horn  there.  A  century 
later  an  Indian  presented  that  powder  horn  to  a  member  of  the 
Savage  family  and  it  is  now  the  property  of  Mr.  James  Francis 
Savage  of  Lowell,  Mass.  The  illustration  of  this  horn  was  done 
by  the  daughter  of  Mr.  Savage  in  her  fifteenth  year.  Amos  Sav- 
age served  also  in  the  War  of  the  Eevolution  and  is  buried  here. 
Some  others  who  were  in  the  French-Indian  War  served  also  in 
the  Eevolutionary  War,  as  will  be  seen  by  a  comparison  of  the 
lists  given.  East  Middletown,  across  the  river  from  the  Upper 
Houses,  was  so  intimately  allied  that  the  names  here  given  include 
those  from  that  settlement. 

Capt.  Joseph  Savage,  Quartermaster  Comfort  Sage,  Capt.  Sam- 
uel Gaylord  and  Lieut.  Samuel  Stow  were  the  chief  officers.  Capt. 
Gajdord  served  six  years.  The  following  additional  names  will 
be  found  in  the  volumes  referred  to: 

William  Banks 

John  Gibson 

John  Gibson,  Jr. 

Churchill  Edwards 

John    Collins,    died    Nov.    3, 

Josiah   Savage,  corporal. 
Jonathan,  Stow,  trumpeter 
Simeon  Stow 
Giles  Stow 
Solomon   Sage 
Samuel  Lewis  Sage 
Jonathan  Sage 
Giles  Sage 
Gideon  Sage 
Jedediah  Sage 
Amos  Savage 
Samuel  Stow  Savage 
Nathaniel  Savage 
Solomon  Savage 
Daniel  Savage 
Thomas  Savage 
Stephen  Savage 
Ebenezer  Savage 
Lamberton  Stocking 

Stephen  Eanney,  East  Mid- 

Stephen  Eanney,  Upper 

John  Eanney,  died  Sept.  18, 
1760,  in  his  Majestie's 
Hospital,  Oswegatchie 

John  Eanney,  Jr. 

Nathaniel  Eanney 

Hezekiah  Eanney 

Jeremiah  Eanney,  died  Oct. 
23,  1762 

Eichard  Eanney 

Thomas  Eanney 

Timothy  Eanney 

Willett  Eanney 

John  Eobinson 

Aaron  Eoberts 
Jared  Shepard 
Joseph  Smith 
Joseph  Smith,  Jr. 
John  Treat 

Nathaniel  Wilcox,  died  Nov. 
17,  1762 


Amos  Stocking  John  Wilcox 

Jonathan  Stocking  Joseph  White 

Zebulon  Stocking  Thomas  White 

Marshall  Stocking  Ebenezer  White 

George  Stocking  ,  Moses  White 
Elijah  Stocking  Stephen  White 

Jabez  Ranney  Wm.  White 

Edward  Ranney  Wm.  White,  Jr. 

Samuel  Ranney,  died  in  army    Samuel  White 

Aug,  31,  1758  Waitstill  Wilcox 

Ozias  Ranney 


The  many  who  had  served  in  the  French-Indian  War  and  had 
survived  served  as  a  rallying  center  when  there  was  prospect  of 
a  conflict  with  the  Mother  Country.  The  Great  and  General 
Assembly  strengthened  the  militia  and  many  enlisted  in  it  in  1774. 
In  Middletown  sixty  aged  gentlemen  organized  to  "  practice  the 
military  art." 

At  "  near  ten  o'clock  "  a.  m.  of  April  19,  1775,  the  Massachusetts 
Committee  of  Safety  started  Israel  Bessel  to  Connecticut  with  the 
news  that  a  battle  had  been  commenced.  The  news  reached  Hart- 
ford and  Middletown  on  the  20th,  and  on  the  21st  a  company  of 
militia  under  Capt.  Return  Jonathan  Meigs  and  a  troop  of  horse 
under  Capt.  Comfort  Sage  started,  being  ferried  over  the  river 
at  Hartford,  and  were  gone  eight  days  on  what  is  known  as  the 
expedition  "  for  the  relief  of  Boston."  No  rolls  were  preserved, 
but  of  Capt.  Comfort  Sage's  company  the  names  of  Lieut.  Charles 
Bulkeley  who  later  married  a  Ranney,  Quartermaster  Eli  Butler, 
and  Corporal  Edward  Eells  are  given. 

On  April  20,  Governor  Trumbull  summoned  the  General  Assem- 
bly to  convene  on  April  26.  This  session,  lasting  ten  days,  autho- 
rized the  enlistment  of  six  regiments,  with  officers'  commissions  to 
date  from  May  1.  The  Second  Regiment  was  raised  in  Middle- 
town  and  vicinity.  Part  of  them  were  in  the  Battle  of  Bunker 
Hill.  In  September  part  were  detailed  in  the  attempt  to  capture 
Quebec.  This  battle  on  Dec.  31  was  a  disastrous  failure.  Many 
were  captured,  including  Lieut.  Abijah  Savage  who  was  held  a 
prisoner  for  14  months.  On  his  release  he  raised  a  company  and 
served  three  years. 

Late  in  1775  the  army  was  reorganized  as  the  "  Continental 
Army "  and  this  constituted  the  "  regulars "  of  the  war.  Early 
in  1776  many  militia  regiments  were  raised  for  7  months'  service, 

Colonel  Return  Jonathan   ^Ieigs 
(See  page  56) 

General  Israel  Putnam 


and  just  after  the  disastrous  battle  of  Long  Island  on  Aug.  27, 
1776,  many  more  troops  were  rushed  to  the  front.  And  so  the  long 
war  went  on. 

The  census  of  the  colony  by  school  districts  was  taken  on  the 
first  Monday  in  September,  1776.  Middletown,  after  losing  in 
1767  all  its  territory  east  of  the  river  to  form  the  town  of  Chat- 
ham, remained  larger  in  population  than  either  Hartford  or  New 
Haven.  The  census  of  Middletown  as  a  whole,  and  that  part  of  it 
constituting  the  Upper  Houses,  showed  the  following: 


Males  under  ten 129  736 

Females  under  ten 113  736 

Males   between   ten   and   twenty,    married 0  0 

Males  between  ten  and  twenty,  single 87  576 

Females  between  ten  and  twenty,married 0  11 

Females   between  ten   and  twenty,   single 75  600 

Males  between  twenty  and  seventy,  married 106  679 

Males   between   twenty   and   seventy,    single 32  268 

Females  between  twenty  and  seventy,  married..  106  706 

Females  between   twenty   and  seventy,    single. .  58  390 

Males  above  seventy,   married 6  38 

Males   above  seventy,   single 3  7 

Females  above  seventy,  married 6  23 

Females  above  seventy,   single 12  39 

Negro  males  under  twenty 2  47 

Negro   females   under   twenty 7  49 

Negro  males   above  twenty 5  62 

Negro  females   above   twenty 7  43 

Total     754  5037 

Officers  and  soldiers  in  Militia  rolls 69  588 

Able   bodied   men    between    16   and   45,    not    in 

Militia    rolls , 30  104 

Men  in  Continental  Army 28  202 

Men  raised  for  defense  of  the  Colony  and  now 

in   the   Colony 1  5 

It  is  not  the  province  here  to  give  even  a  local  history  of  the 
contest,  save  to  say  that  many  volunteered  to  care  for  the  fami- 
lies of  oflBcers.  "William  White,  who  had  served  in  the  French- 
Indian  war,  cared  for  four  families  of  oflBcers.  The  smallpox  in 
the  days  of  the  war  was  a  dreadful  and  a  dreaded  disease.  The 
town  voted  that  any  who  wished  could  be  inoculated.  The  fol- 
lowing was  addressed  "  To  the  Civil  Authority  and  Selectmen  of 
Middletown,"  and  the  autograph  of  the  petitioner  is  copied  from 
the  original  document  which  is  endorsed,  "  N.  Chauncey's  motion 


"  Middletown  upper  houses,  Feb^  4^*^  1778 

I  am  desired  to  inform  you  that  M""  William  Sage  and  all 
those  who  have  lately  been  Inoculated  at  his  House  are  extremely 
desirous  that  they  may  be  allow'd  to  go  through  with  the  whole 
opperation  without  removing  from  that  place  not  only  on  ace 
of  y®  Difficulty,  Danger  and  Expens  such  a  movement;  but  also 
and  principally  on  acct  of  y^  peculiar  Situation  of  that  place 
for  such  a  Purpose;  it  being  so  Distant  from  Neighbours,  and 
public  Eoads  and  there  being  a  large  Joyner's  shop  well  fin- 
ished and  Warm  with  a  good  fire  place  in  it  about  (1)  Eods 
from  y®  Dwelling  House,  excellently  calculated  for  y^  Purpose 
of  cleaning  up  in.  I  must  beg  leave  Gent"  to  give  it  as  my 
Opinion  that  the  place  is  indeed  very  convenient  and  y®  forego- 
ing plan  much  prefferable  to  any  that  has  yet  been  thought  of 
to  avoid  y®  Danger  of  spreading  the  Infection  I  am  Gent'^  y"" 
most  obed' 

In  1889  the  State  published  a  "  Eecord  of  Connecticut  Men 
in  the  Military  and  Naval  Service  during  the  War  of  the  Revolu- 
tion, 1775 — 1783."  So  many  rolls  have  been  discovered  since  then 
that  the  Connecticut  Historical  Society  has  published  one  volume 
and  has  material  for  another  volume.     The  church  records  say, 

"  Heard  of  the  death  of  "  on  such  a  date.     Town  records 

give  such  as  this :  "  Daniel  Wilcox  died  in  ye  camp  at  Roxbury, 
April  10,  1776."  In  1876  a  committee  of  the  town,  consisting 
of  David  Edwards,  who  was  25  years  of  age  when  his  patriot 
father  died;  Ralph  B.  Savage,  grandson  of  patriot  Nathaniel  Sav- 
age, and  Elisha  T.  Sage,  grandson  of  patriot  Elisha  Sage,  all  aged 
men,  reported  a  list  of  those  known  to  have  served  in  the  war.  This 
book  contains  the  portrait  of  Daniel  Eells,  who  was  a  prisoner  in 
Bermuda,  yet  no  known  roll  contains  his  name.  The  Colonial 
records  give  the  names  of  those  commissioned.  The  printed  rec- 
ords end  with  1780.  The  manuscript  records  of  1781-82  show  that 
Josiah  Savage  was  commissioned  captain  in  the  23d  Regiment, 
which  was  composed  of  Middletown  and  Chatham  men  and  give 
a  number  of  others  commissioned.  From  these  various  sources,  with 
the  records  of  Massachusetts  and  Vermont,  the  compiler  has  made 
out  the  list,  given  here,  of  those  who  served  in  the  war,  having 
been  born  here  or,  having  removed  away  after  the  war,  are  buried 



here.     There  has  been  an  effort  to  omit  the  names  of  any  not 
coming  imder  one  of  these  heads. 


Colonel  Comfort  Sage. 

Brev.  Major  Edward  Eells.* 

Captain  Solomon  Sage.* 

Captain  Josiah  Savage.* 

Captain  Jared  Shepard. 

flaptain  Jairus  Wilcox. 

Captain  Ephraim  Ranney. 

Captain  Abner  Smith.* 

Lieutenant  Jeremiah  Hubbard.* 

Lieutenant  Jedediah  Sage. 

Lieutenant  Ephraim  Ranney. 

John  S.  Chauncey,  killed  Dec.  14, 
1777,  after  surrendering. 

Francis  Clark. 

Benj.  Butler. 

Oliver  Clark. 

John  Hamlin.* 

David  Edwards.* 

Churchill  Edwards.* 

Nathan  Edwards,  died  in  pris- 
on, July  22,  1782. 

John  Gibson. 

Jacob   Gibson. 

Hosea  Miller.* 

Daniel  Pardee.* 

Justus  Riley. 

Joseph  Riley. 

Nathaniel  Riley. 

Aaron  Roberts. 

John  Robinson,  killed  at  Nor- 
walk,  July  11,  1779. 

Evan  Thomas.* 

Amos  Treat. 

Stephen  Treat. 

John  Treat. 

John  Smith,  prisoner,  died  Feb. 
20,   1780. 

Surgeon  Stephen  Ranney. 
Captain  Eli  Butler. 
Captain  Nathaniel  Gilbert. 
Captain  Abijah  Savage.* 
Captain  Hugh  White. 
Captain  Samuel  Eells. 
Captain  Nathan  Sage. 
Lieutenant  Jacob  White.* 
Lieutenant  Elisha  Savage. 
Lieutenant  Samuel  Smith,  died 

in  prison  July  2,  1782. 
Daniel  Eells. 
John  Eells. 
John  Hands.* 
Seth  Kirby. 
John  Kirby. 
Elijah  Kirby,  prisoner,  died 

July  7,  1782. 
Samuel   Gaylord. 
Jonathan  Gaylord. 
Comfort  Ranney. 
Nathaniel  Ranney.* 
William  Ranney. 
Thomas  Ranney,  Corporal. 
Daniel  Ranney. 
Amos  Ranney. 
Ebenezer  Ranney.* 
Willett  Ranney. 
Joseph   Ranney,   prisoner,  died, 

July  22,   1780. 
Simeon  Ranney.* 
SolQmon  Sage,  Jr.* 
Simeon    Sage. 
Giles  Sage,  Corporal.* 
Abraham   Sage. 
Willett    Ranny    Sage,    died    of 

smallpox  in  army. 

*  Buried  here. 



James  Smith.* 

Joseph  Smith.* 

Stephen   Savage. 

Josiah  Savage,  Jr.* 

Luther  Savage. 

Levi  Savage. 

Jacob  Savage,  Sergeant. 

Seth  Savage. 

Gideon  Savage. 

Simeon  Savage. 

Nathan  Savage. 

Elisha  Savage. 

Nathaniel  Savage.* 

Samuel  Savage.* 

Amos  Savage,  Ensign.* 

Joseph  Savage,  Ensign. 

Solomon  Savage. 

Selah  Savage. 

Thomas  Savage. 

Hiel   Savage. 

Francis  W.  Savage. 

Samuel  Stow  Savage. 

Joel  Savage. 

Daniel  Savage.* 

Hugh  White,  Jr..  Ensign. 

Justus  Wilcox. 

Amos  Wilcox.* 

Daniel  Wilcox,  died  in  ye  camp 

at  Eoxbury,  Apr.  10,^1776. 
Reuben  Wilcox. 

John  Smith.* 

Epaphras  Sage,* 

Elisha  Sage.* 

Stephen  Sage. 

William  Sage,  Ensign.* 

Daniel  Sage. 

Benj.   Sage. 

Abner  Sage. 

Gideon  Sage. 

Miles  Sage. 

Elisha  Stocking.* 

John  Stocking. 

William   Stocking.* 

Joseph    Shepard. 

Samuel  Stow,  killed  on  ship, 

Apr.   12,  1780. 
William  Stow,  died  Oct.  2,  1782. 
Jonathan   Stow.* 
Samuel   White. 
Daniel  White. 
Daniel  Clark  White. 
Aaron  White,  Corporal. 
Reuben   White,    died    Jan.    2, 

Asa  Wilcox,  heard  of  his  death 

at  West  Point,  Sept.  30,  1781. 
Lemuel  Wilcox. 
Eliphalet  Wilcox.* 
Elisha  Wilcox,  Ensign. 

After  the  war  the  great  majority  of  these  patriots  went  to 
Massachusetts,  Vermont,  New  York  or  Ohio  to  found  new  settle- 
ments and  are  there  buried. 


From  the  diary  of  General  George  Washington,  in  the  posses- 
sion of  the  James  F.  Joy  Estate  of  Detroit,  the  following  extracts 
were  made  for  use  in  this  volume.  As  he  passed  through  the 
streets  of  1650  and  on  to  Hartford,  he  passed  the  house  in  which 
Gideon  Savage  was  born  and  then  lived,  and  in  so  doing  may  have 

*  Buried  here. 

^  o 

*J  o 

^     2 

'A  ^ 


shaken  hands  with  the  "  artificer,"  whose  diary,  printed  herein, 
confirms  the  family  tradition  that  he  built  the  log  cabin  in  which 
"  Lady  Washington  "  took  her  meals  at  Valley  Forge. 

"  Monday,  October  19th,  1789.— About  10  o'clock,  we  left  this 
place,  and  at  the  distance  of  eight  miles  passed  through  Durham. 
At  1,  we  arrived  at  Middletown  on  Connecticut  river,  being  met 
two  or  three  miles  from  it  by  the  respectable  citizens  of  the  place, 
and  escorted  in  by  them.  While  dinner  was  getting  ready,  I  took 
a  walk  around  the  town,  from  the  heights  of  which  the  prospect 
is  beautiful.  Belonging  to  this  place,  I  was  informed  (by  a 
General  Sage)  that  there  were  about  20  sea  vessels,  and  to  Weth- 
ersfield,  higher  up,  22,  and  to  Hartford  the  like  number;  other 
places  on  the  river  have  their  proportion,  the  whole  amounting  to 
about  10,000  tons.  The  country  hereabouts  is  beautiful,  and  the 
lands  good.  An  average  crop  of  wheat  from  an  acre  of  fallowed 
land  is  estimated  at  15  bushels;  sometimes  they  get  as  high  as 
25  and  30  bushels  to  the  acre  from  the  best  lands.  Indian  corn 
from  20  to  40  bushels  per  acre.  Their  exports  are  the  same  as 
from  other  places,  together  with  potash.  Having  dined  we  set 
out  with  the  same  escort  (who  conducted  us  into  town)  about  3 
o'clock  for  Hartford,  and  passing  through  a  parish  of  Middletown 
and  Weathersfield,  we  arrived  at  Hartford  about  sundown.    .     .     . 

"  Hartford  is  more  compactly  built  than  Middletown,  and  con- 
tains more  souls ;  the  computed  number  of  which  amount  to  about 
double.  The  number  of  houses  in  Middletown  is  said  to  be  250 
or  260,  these  reckoning  eight  persons  to  a  house  would  raise  two 
thousand  at  least.  The  depth  of  water  which  vessels  can  bring 
to  the  last  place  is  about  ten  feet;  and  is  as  much  as  there  is 
over  Saybrook  bar.  From  Middletown  to  Hartford  there  is  not 
more  than  6  feet  of  water.  At  Middeltown  there  is  one  Episcopal 
and  two  Congregational  churches." 

On  his  return  he  passed  through  Berlin,  formerly  the  northwest 
quarter  of  the  Upper' Houses.  Fuller's  Tavern  in  after  years  was 
kept  by  Amos  Kirby,  and  is  seen  in  this, volume. 

"  Left  Hartford  about  seven  o'clock  and  took  the  middle  road 
(instead  of  the  one  through  Middletown  which  I  went)  breakfasted 
at  Worthington,  in  the  township  of  Berlin,  at  the  house  of  one 
Fuller,  bated  at  Smith's  on  the  plain  of  Wallingford,  thirteen  from 
Fuller's,  which  is  the  distance  Fuller's  is  from  Hartford,  and 
got  into  New  Haven,  which  is  thirteen  miles  more,  about  half  an 
hour  before  sundown.    At  this  place  I  met  Mr.  Geary  in  the  stage 


from  Kew  York,  and  he  gave  me  the  first  certain  account  of  the 
health  of  Mrs.  Washington/' 

WAR    OP    1812. 

Captain  Isaac  Webber,  a  shipbuilder  here,  raised  a  company  and 
proceeded  to  Saybrook  at  the  mouth  of  the  river.  In  his  company 
were  Harvey  and  Martin  Eanney,  both  of  whom  died  young  and 
are  buried  here. 



For  some  years  the  compiler  of  this  volume  had  been  gathering 
material  concerning  the  early  families  of  this  place,  and  with 
special  reference  to  the  Ranney  family.  When  it  had  been  decided 
by  the  town  to  erect  a  fine  town  school  edifice  to  supplant  the 
district  system  he  suggested  that  the  school  should  be  named  after 
Captain  Nathaniel  White,  who,  by  his  will  of  1711,  had  given 
one-fourth  of  his  share  of  the  as  yet  undivided  common  lands  for 
schools.  This  was  done  by  a  unanimous  vote  passed  at  a  special 
town  meeting  held  on  Jan.  6,  1902,  the  day  on  which  the  school 
edifice  was  first  used.  A  plan  to  have  a  reunion  of  descendants 
of  the  old  families  in  the  month  of  June  was  broached,  but  the 
compiler  decided  to  defer  it  for  a  year.  In  1903,  a  reunion  was 
held  on  Bunker  Hill  Day,  June  17,  and  a  boulder  was  dedicated 
to  the  memory  of  the  patriots  of  the  War  of  the  Eevolution  who 
were  born  here,  but  found  a  grave  elsewhere,  some  on  the  battle 
field,  some  from  the  hospitals,  others  from  the  prison  ships,  and 
the  greater  number  in  the  newer  settlements  they  had  made  in 
other  states.  Bronze  markers  had  been  donated  by  the  Connec- 
ticut Society  of  the  Sons  of  the  American  Revolution.  A  number 
of  members  of  Mansfield  Post,  No.  53,  G.  A.  R.,  of  Middletown,. 
honored  us  with  their  presence  and  sympathy.  A  Ranney  Asso- 
ciation was  formed  with  R.  B.  Ranney  of  New  Castle,  Pa.,  as 
President,  S.  0.  Ranney  of  Windsor  Locks,  and  Charles  K.  Ranney 
of  Hartford  as  Vice  Presidents,  and  C.  Collard  Adams  as  Secre- 
tary-Treasurer. Among  those  present  was  the  Rev.  Edward  Eells, 
descended  from  Major  Edward  Eells,  who  had  served  from  the 
21st  of  April,  1775,  to  the  close  of  the  war,  and  who,  with  his 
father.  Rev.  Edward  Eells,  the  second  pastor  of  the  church,  are 
buried  here. 

On  Bunker  Hill  Day,  1904.  a  much  larger  gathering  was  held, 
with  an  exhibit  of  relics  brought  from  far  and  near,  a  pilgrimage 
through  the  original  streets,  and '  a  sumptuous  repast  provided 
by  sympathetic  villagers.  A  procession  was  formed,  headed  by 
the  drum  corps  of  Mansfield  Post,  G.  A.  R.,  with  nearly  one 
hundred  members  of  the  Post  and  of  the  W.  R.  C,  together  with  a 
hundred  children,  each  carrying  a  flag,  followed  by  the  descend- 
ants.    The  march  was   to  the  cemetery,  where  recitations  were 



delivered  by  Miss  Anna  Pease  and  Master  John  ISTeal.  Thirty 
girls  and  boys  placed  silk  flags  at  the  graves  of  that  many  pa- 
triots, some  of  whom  had  fought  at  Bunker  Hill.  The  mortar  and 
shells  were  unveiled  by  the  Misses  Florence  Taylor  and  Julia 
Mosher,  descendants  of  patriots.  The  graves  of  the  first  five 
pastors  of  the  Congregational  Church  and  of  the  first  pastor  of 
the  Baptist  Church  had  been  previously  marked  with  flags.  Ex- 
ercises were  then  held  in  the  Baptist  Church. 

The  Hon.  Walter  C.  Faxon,  Governor  of  the  Connecticut  So- 
ciety of  Founders  and  Patriots,  read  a  letter  of  congratulation 
from  Admiral  Dewey,  Governor  General  of  the  Order  of  Founders 
and  Patriots  of  America,  which  was  as  follows : 



Washington,  June  4,  1904. 
Dear  Sir: 

It  gives  me  great  pleasure,  as  Governor  General  of  the  Order 
of  Founders  and  Patriots  of  America,  to  extend  hearty  greet- 
ings to  the  Eanney  Memorial  and  Historical  Association,  which 
is  to  have  a  celebration  in  honor  of  the  Founders,  Fathers  and 
Patriots  of  Middletown  Upper  Houses.  I  believe  that  historical 
and  patriotic  societies  such  as  these  are  doing  a  great  work, 
and  one  that  future  generations  cannot  fail  to  appreciate. 

Very  truly  yours. 

He  then  delivered  an  address  on  the  functions  of  the  Society,  of 
which  he  was  the  Connecticut  presiding  officer. 

The  Eev.  D.  B.  Hubbard,  pastor  of  the  Westfield  Congrega- 
tional Church,  the  Rev.  Edward  Eells,  the  Rev.  James  Eells,  both 
descendants  of  the  second  pastor,  the  Hon.  James  H.  Macdonald, 



State  Highway  Commissioner,  the  Eev.  C.  H.  Hands,  pastor  of 
the  Baptist  Church,  and  Miss  Clara  C.  Fuller,  descendant  of 
Aaron  White,  patriot,  delivered  addresses.  Miss  Fuller  spoke  as 
follows  on 

The  Daughters  of  the  American  Eevolution 

Mr.  President,  Members  of  the  Association  of  Founders  and 
Patriots,  Citizens  of  Middletown  Upper  Houses.  We  are  not  in 
Cromwell  to-day.  Involuntarily  I  go  back  many,  many  years, 
when  as  a  little  child  I  sat  by  my  grandfather's  side  and  listened 
to  the  stories  of  the  good  old  times.  I  think  it  must  have  been 
then  that  the  love  of  ancestry,  the  seeds  of  patriotism,  were  im- 
planted in  my  heart.  All  those  early  associations  clustered  around 
Lanesboro,  Pittsfield,  Bolton,  but  above  all  and  beyond  all — Mid- 
dletown Upper  Houses. 

I  am  here  to-day — so  I  am  scheduled  to  speak  for  the  Daugh- 
ters of  the  American  Revolution — but  now  that  I  am  on  the  spot 
of  my  childhood's  dreams  I  cannot  easily  get  away  from  those 
early  days  when  the  Whites  and  the  Savages  lived  in  the  most 
harmonious  relation,  from  those  sturdy  men  and  women — New 
England  born  and  bred — who  moved  once  and  then  staid  where 
they  stopped.  They  were  not  a  migratory  race.  They  made — 
what  to-day  is  the  stronghold  of  America — they  made  homes. 
My  uncle,  Charles  Merrow  White,  now  in  his  87th  year,  lives  in 
the  same  house  where  his  father  and  mother  began  their  young 
lives  together  ninety  years  ago.  My  mother,  in  her  81st  year, 
lives  on  the  spot  where  Samuel  White  and  his  family  settled 
when  they  first  came  to  Central  New  York.  Near  by  lived  and 
died  only  a  few  years  since,  in  her  104th  year,  Nancy  White 
Guiteau.  There  is  not  money  enough  in  America  to  buy  these 
homes.  I  wish  we  possessed  one  more — Aaron  White's  old  hotel, 
and  then  we  should  cling  to  that,  too. 

Is  it  foolish,  is  it  sentimental,  is  it  un-American  to  climb  our 
family  tree,  to  feel  a  very  pardonable  pride  as  we  perch  ourselves 
up  in  the  branches,  picking  the  fruit  of  past  generations,  enjoy- 
ing the  fragrance  of  the  "  old-fashioned  roses,"  never  minding 
if  occasionally  we  do  run  up  against  a  thorn?  Love  of  ancestry 
is  akin  to  love  of  country,  and  love  of  country  is  next  to  love  of 
God.  And  have  we  not  God's  sanction  when  in  the  Great  Book 
is  traced  with  reverent  simplicity  the  earthly  genealogy  of  the 
Master?  Is  it  too  much  to  claim  that  an  honored  ancestry  shall 
result  in  a  clean  posterity?  Who  wants  to  be  the  first  one  to  sully 
a  proud  name  ?  Let  us  go  on  founding  our  patriotic  societies,  our 
Founder's  Associations.     Let  us   cherish  our   Old   Home  Weeks, 


our  Commemorative  Days,  and  we  shall  grow  the  nobler  and  the 
sweeter  for  it.  Money  will  count  for  less  and  character  for 

This,  Mr.  President,  is  what  our  great  society  of  40,000  women — 
the  Daughters  of  the  American  Revolution — stands  for. 

There  are  just  three  points  I  want  to  make. 

1.  We  are  democratic.  We  stand  for  the  masses — the  rank  and 
file — the  bone  and  sinew  of  the  country — the  working  forces.  I^o 
idea  can  be  more  erroneous  than  the  notion  that  the  Daughters 
of  the  American  Revolution  is  an  exclusive  and  aristocratic  body. 
If  we  have  an  aristocracy,  it  is  that  of  courage,  of  high  ideals 
founded  on  the  Battle  of  Bunker  Hill  and  the  sufferings  of  Valley 
Forge.  We  are  working,  indeed,  to  establish  caste,  but  a  caste 
in  which  the  brotherhood  of  man  takes  rank.  There  is  a  great 
danger  confronting  America.  Enormous  fortunes  are  being 
amassed  by  the  few;  great  corporations  are  wielding  a  tremendous 
power;  a  social  caste — not  of  brains  nor  of  breeding — but  of 
money  is  being  formed.  As  a  balance-wheel,  as  a  leveler,  comes 
this  great  society  of  40,000  women  from  every  State  in  the  Union, 
and  representing  all  grades  of  society,  the  only  requisite  being  a 
reputable  life  and  two  or  three  generations  of  American  blood. 
A  chapter  is  formed  in  a  town,  and  women  begin  to  discover 
each  other;  talents  are  revealed  that  were  never  suspected,  barren 
lives  are  enriched,  and  the  whole  community  is  leavened.  The  town 
may  be  divided  by  its  politics,  by  its  churches,  but  this  one  thing 
is  open  to  all. 

2.  We  stand  for  civic  education  and  for  local  improvement. 
Our  chapters  are  presenting  flags  to  the  public  schools,  are  offer- 
ing prizes  for  the  best  prepared  work  on  American  History,  and 
are  studying  and  practicing  parliamentary  law.  As  we  feel  the 
necessity  for  being  what  we  are  trying  to  encourage,  we  are  taking 
up  courses  of  historical  study,  making  historical  pilgrimages,  and 
reclaiming  from  oblivion  places  of  almost  sacred  interest.  Believ- 
ing that  the  best  American  is  the  intelligent  American,  we  are 
encouraging  historical  research,  recording  family  traditions,  mark- 
ing the  graves  of  Revolutionary  heroes,  supplying  our  soldiers  and 
sailors  with  literature,  reaching  out  to  our  new  possessions,  and 
assisting  in  making  into  Americans  the  great  horde  that  pours 
into  our  harbors  from  every  land  under  the  sun.  What  a  cause 
for  regret  that  all  this  awakening  and  organizing  had  not  come 
half  a  century — even  quarter  of  a  century  earlier !  What  a  wealth 
of  unwritten  history  lies  buried  forever  in  our  cemeteries !  How 
we  now  long  to  know  the  things  that  could  have  been  had  for  the 
asking  a  few  years  ago ! 


You  happy  people  of  New  England  have  reached  one  vantage 
ground  at  least  from  which  you  can  look  down  upon  the  rest 
of  us  with  a  great  deal  of  satisfaction,  an  uncommon  amount  of 
civic  pride.  Your  villages  are  the  most  beautifully  kept  in  Amer- 
ica. Horatio  Seymour  once  said,  "  I  consider  it  as  great  an  honor 
to  be  path  master  in  Deerfield,  as  to  be  Governor  of  the  State  of 
New  York."  Emulating  the  spirit  of  this  great  man,  the  Daugh- 
ters of  the  American  Eevolution  are  taking  up  the  work  of  village 
improvement  and  we  hope  in  time  to  approach  your  point  of 

3.  We  stand  for  a  pure  and  enlightened  patriotism.  It  would 
be  impossible  among  so  many  women  to  eliminate  all  selfish 
ambition,  but  the  great  mass  are  moved  by  the  highest  impulses 
and  the  one  great  desire  to  make  America  the  better  for  their  ex- 
istence. Ours  is  the  first  and  the  largest  body  of  women  ever 
organized  for  patriotic  purposes.  It  would  never  have  been  called 
into  existence  except  that  it  had  a  mission  to  perform.  I  believe 
that  God  wants  us,  and  so  we  are  here.  We  are  here  not  only 
to  reclaim  and  honor  the  past,  but  also  to  form  and  ennoble  the 
future.  Our  greatest  opportunity,  and  therefore  our  greatest 
responsibility,  lies  with  the  children  of  the  public  schools.  The 
boys  of  to-day  are  the  men  of  to-morrow.  From  all  nations  they 
are  coming  to  us  for  life  and  for  light.  They  are  coming  faster 
than  we  are  ready  for  them.  If  we  do  not  form  their  public  senti- 
ment, they  will  form  ours. 

And  so — Mr.  President  and  members  of  the  Society  of  Founders 
and  Patriots  of  Middletown  Upper  Houses — we  are  all  working 
together  for  the  betterment  of  the  race. 

Let  us  gather  reverently  around  the  hearthstones  and  graves 
of  those  heroic  men  and  women  who  gave  birth  to  our  nation,  that 
our  souls  may  be  aroused  to  greater  effort.  Let  us  be  reminiscent, 
but  let  us  also  be  dynamic.  Let  us  prove  our  inheritance,  not 
only  in  name,  but  also  in  the  possession  of  a  sturdy,  uncompromis- 
ing courage  that  shall  fight  the  battles  of  peace  and  win  the  vic- 
tories as  valiantly  as  did  the  heroes  of  '76,  that  shall  solve  the 
problems  of  living  as  wisely  as  did  those  pioneers  who  went  out 
from  Middletown  Upper  Houses  a  century  ago. 

Clara  Cornelia  Fuller, 
Great-great-granddaughter  of  Aaron  White,  patriot. 

During  the  exercises  at  the  church  several  hundred  children 
were  feasted,  and  at  5  p.  m.  the  members  of  Mansfield  Post,  G.  A. 
E.,  and  the  W.  R.  Corps  were  entertained  at  luncheon. 

June    19,    1905 

The  enthusiasm  of  all  present  was  such  that  there  was  a  general 
call  for  another  reunion,  and  this  was  held  on  July  19,  1905, 
the  thermometer  being  at  94°.  A  procession  of  several  four-horse 
omnibuses,  with  hacks,  automobiles,  and  other  conveyances,  made 
a  pilgrimage,  not  only  through  the  original  streets,  but  up  Main 
Street  where  the  sons  of  the  founders  had  built  their  habitations, 
out  "  New  Lane,"  opened  in  1788,  past  the  houses  built  by  William 
Sage  and  Elisha  Sage,  patriots,  in  sight  of  the  Nathaniel  White 
Public  School,  and  to  the  house  of  Thomas  Stow  and  his  wife, 
Martha  White,  built  1713-1720,  where  a  halt  was  made  and  the 
house  inspected.  There  was  then  a  procession  to  the  old  cemetery, 
where  an  hour  was  spent  in  inspecting  the  headstones.  A  business 
meeting  was  then  held  in  Temple  of  Honor  Hall,  where  the  Society 
of  Middletown  Upper  Houses  was  duly  incorporated  and  all  previ- 
ous contributors  were  admitted  to  membership.  A  dinner  was 
then  served  in  Briggs  Hall.  After  dinner  the  granite  and  bronze 
memorial  to  Founders,  Fathers,  and  Patriots  was  dedicated,  prayer 
being  offered  by  the  Eev.  Edward  Eells,  the  address  of  dedication 
being  delivered  by  the  newly  elected  President,  and  the  memorial 
unveiled  by  little  Miss  Evangeline  Eells.  The  flag  was  then  raised 
to  the  top  of  the  flagstaff. 

Addkess  of  Dedication 
The  Hon.  Frank  Langdon  Wilcox 

This  earth  is  a  wonderful  footstool — beautiful  by  nature,  and 
peculiarly  adapted  to  the  uses  of  man.  And  man  has  used  this 
round  world  as  a  free  gift  for  the  performance  of  his  part  in  life's 
history.  Day  by  day,  and  night  by  night,  and  year  by  year  deeds 
are  enacted  of  love,  sacrifice,  heroism,  patriotism,  and  from  religious 
convictions,  so  that  the  surface  of  all  lands  has  been  dotted  with 
memorials  to  commemorate  the  events.  Beautiful  buildings,  tower- 
ing monuments,  enduring  granite,  bronze  tablets,  and  simple 
markers  are  the  usual  tokens  that  record  these  worthy  deeds— 
they  perpetuate  memories,  and  incite  all  beholders  to  emulation. 

We  are  met  here  to-day  to  accept  and  dedicate  this  granite 
boulder  with  its  bronze  tablet,  erected  to  commemorate  the  lives 

•  70 


*E  L    HAL  I  SAMUEL-   ilGGKINC  I  GER 

I    KiRBY  -rwOMAS    STOW        MAT. 

i0^i>  MAF^TiN  JOHN  WARNEF?  I  DAY: 
D    SAGE  .JOHN    WILCO)' 

.  r-  rn;p^^    OF      •  Hf 

=  'h    rtUTuER    WILLIAM     KEI^ 


"HOMAS    mill:. 

-;        ^ATH'L.   RiLEV 

--         EDWARD   SHEF;.^ 

mBNer  smith 
-amuel  spenc^- 

:=-LlSHA    TREi-r 
STEPHEN    TH:   ■: 
./LEY      .  JOHK'    WARNER 


^   -T'  MIDDLETn     ; 

-■'1     MOUSES 

Bronze  Taiu-et  on  Memorial  Boilder 


of  the  Fathers,  Patriots,  and  Pastors  of  Middletown  Upper  Houses. 
With  reverence  and  love  we  here  commit  our  testimonial  to  the 
sight  of  all  passers-by  in  this  most  public  spot  at  the  meeting  of 
the  ways.  Northward  is  the  original  highway  blazed  through  the 
wilderness  and  traversed  by  our  forefathers.  Eastward  is  "  Pleas- 
ant Street,"  laid  out  by  that  first  generation  as  the  principal 
street  of  Cromwell,  and  the  main  line  of  travel  between  Hartford 
and  Middletown,  while  hard  by  pass  the  trains  of  the  Valley 
Division  of  The  New  York,  New  Haven  &  Hartford  E.  E.  There 
could  be  no  more  fitting  place  to  connect  the  silent  past  with  the 
busy  present. 

The  sun  may  shine,  the  rains  may  fall,  and  the  storms  beat  upon 
this  rock,  and  generations  of  men  may  come  and  go,  but  this 
monument  will  always  remain  here,  symlsolic  of  the  sturdy,  endur- 
ing character  of  these  early  settlers,  whom  we  claim  as  a  distin- 
guished honor  for  our  ancestors. 

Exercises  were  then  held  in  the  Baptist  Church,  prayer  being 
offered  by  the  Eev.  D.  B.  Hubbard.  The  Eev.  William  S.  Middle- 
mass,  pastor  of  the  Baptist  Church,  extended  a  welcome  to  the 
Society,  when  the  President,  the  Hon,  Frank  Langdon  Wilcox, 
delivered  the  following  address. 

The  President's  Address 

Kinsmen  and  Friends:  Words  of  welcome  have  been  extended 
to  us  by  this  town,  which  has  changed  its  name  from  that  given 
by  our  forbears  of  "  Middletown  Upper  Houses."  Greetings  have 
been  exchanged  with  those  we  have  known  and  loved  so  long. 
Eelationships  have  been  discovered  with  near  neighbors,  or  with 
those  living  in  far  distant  environments  who  have  returned  here 
to-day  to  link  the  present  with  the  past  in  honoring  memories. 
The  experience  is  a  pleasant  one,  for,  though  "  all  the  world  is 
akin,"  blood  relationship  awakens  a  heart-throb  of  responsiveness 
that  is  as  precious  as  it  is  delightful. 

Our  purpose  here  is  sacred,  patriotic,  and  altogether  worthy. 
We  came  to  honor  the  founders  of  our  several  family  houses;  to 
gather  inspiration  from  their  simple  lives  that  may  guide  us  in 
the  more  complex  existence  of  the  present  day;  to  pay  our  tribute 
of  respect  to  the  town  they  established  in  the  savage,  inhospitable, 
but  beautiful  New  England  wilderness;  to  renew  and  make  the 
acquaintance  of  those  whose  friendship  tried  and  adopted  we  can 
confidently  "  grapple  to  our  hearts  with  hooks  of  steel  " ;  for,  chil- 
dren of  a  common  ancestry,  we  have  that  sturdy  parentage  whose 


lives  were  lived  for  God  and  Country,  and  we  are  told  that  their 
rirtues  do  last  to  the  third  or  fourth  generation. 

To-day  our  eyes  have  looked  out  upon  the  shining  river  whose 
waters  flowing  from  the  Canadian  border  and  the  White  Moun- 
tains pass  through  the  heart  of  this  New  England  country  with 
its  wealth  of  history  and  busy  industry,  to  lose  itself  in  the  restless 
and  endless  sea.  It  reminds  us  of  the  quiet,  beneficent  influence 
of  the  goodly  lives  of  our  virtuous  fathers  and  mothers  flowing 
through  generations  of  posterity.  We  have  viewed  the  homes  in 
which  they  lived,  loved,  labored  and  bore  their  children,  and  whence 
they  were  carried  to  their  last  resting  place  in  God's  Acre.  To 
this  "  Old  Burying  Ground "  we  have  also  made  a  pilgrimage. 
Our  Forefathers,  we  salute  you!  We  thank  you  for  the  lives  you 
lived,  the  towns  you  founded,  the  country  you  made,  and  for  the 
precious  heritage  you  left  us  in  fee  simple  that  cannot  be  destroyed 
or  taken  away. 

Once  the  trees  of  the  forest  primeval  decked  these  hills  and  val- 
leys with  a  beautiful  mantle  of  green  and  yielded  a  gentle  shel- 
tering shade,  the  birds  of  the  air  builded  their  nests  therein,  and 
the  beasts  of  the  forest  roamed  beneath.  Under  the  ax  of  the 
pioneer  and  following  the  plow  of  the  husbandman,  the  forests 
gave  way  to  the  home  and  the  welcome  cry  of  little  children.  The 
wilderness  was  made  to  blossom  like  the  rose,  and  the  song  of 
increase  went  up  throughout  the  land.  The  darksome,  impene- 
trable forests  with  their  fearsome  denizens  have  disappeared,  but 
our  forefathers  planted  a  better  growth.  Family  trees  were 
planted,  and  took  root  in  the  rich  soil  of  religious  and  civic  liberty. 
They  flourished,  stretching  out  lusty  branches,  bearing  fruit  of 
boys  and  girls,  men  and  women  that  were  world-builders.  Shoots, 
scions,  and  graftings  were  transplanted  in  many  a  varying  soil. 
The  parent  stock  was  so  sturdy  that  they  flourished  and  grew 
mighty  in  the  land.  I  know  of  none  of  stunted  or  malignant 
growth,  and  dare  not  single  out  those  of  such  magniflcent  propor- 
tions that  they  stand  up  like  sentinels  among  the  family  trees  of 
this  great  nation.  Our  efficient  Secretary  should  be  given  an  op- 
portunity to  tell  the  story,  for  his  mind  is  stored  with  an  exhaustless 
supply  of  facts  and  fancy,  fables  and  figures  which  he  holds  in 
reserve,  but  ready  for  discharge  like  the  shot  of  a  rapid-fire  gun. 
In  fact,  in  this  campaign  of  love  and  loyalty,  he  is  the  "man 
behind  the  gun  "  in  that  he  has  furnished  all  the  push  and  enter- 
prise, happily  seasoned  with  a  love  of  labor. 

I  take  this  opportunity  to  express  this  well-deserved  apprecia- 
tion. I  bespeak  for  him  from  this  time  forth,  from  all  my  hearers, 
their  hearty  support  and  sympathy  in  his  efforts  to  produce  a  full 


and  accurate  history  of  the  families  that  are  entitled  to  belong 
to  "The  Society  of "Middletown  Upper  Houses."  We  are  not  the 
only  ones  who  would  enjoy  and  appreciate  a  complete  work  of 
this  nature,  for  our  children  and  our  children's  children  will  read, 
study,  and  take  pride  in  the  lines  of  ancestry  which  started  from 
the  ground  we  have  traversed  to-day. 

Wonderful  is  the  power  of  man  when  electrically  charged  with 
character  founded  on  religion,  industry,  and  love  of  family  and 
country.  In  1620  there  was  given  to  the  world  a  marvelous  prop- 
osition. Given  a  continent  peopled  by  bloodthirsty  savages,  and  a 
few  shiploads  of  religious  refugees,  what  would  be  the  result?  A 
little  less  tRan  three  hundred  years  has  shown  the  savage  confined 
in  a  few  reservations  in  the  far  West;  the  forests  replaced  by 
prosperous  farms  and  homes,  the  vantage  spots  occupied  by  count- 
less cities  constantly  increasing  in  population,  wealth,  intelli- 
gence and  happiness.  Throughout  the  land  goes  up  the  deep  un- 
derlying murmur  of  myriad  manufacturing  corporations;  across 
the  surface  of  the  land  and  in  the  bowels  of  the  earth  flash  electric 
cars  and  steam  trains,  like  shuttles  in  the  woof  and  warp  of  the 
vast  fabric  of  life,  carrying  more  people  and  freight  than  were 
dreamed  of  by  the  Pilgrim  Fathers.  The  rivers  and  seas  of  the 
world  have  been  dotted  by  the  sails  and  flag  of  a  new  country  that 
has  bcome  a  first  power  in  the  council  of  nations.  Everywhere 
are  churches,  schools,  and  colleges,  and  vast  humane  institutions 
founded  out  of  love  for  fellow-men.  The  most  productive  country 
of  the  world  in  men  and  women,  products  of  the  soil,  of  the  brain 
of  the  shop,  and  of  the  mind.  A  free  country  loved  by  its  citizens, 
sought  by  emigrants  from  all  lands,  discovered  for  the  freedom  of 
the  nations.  A  veritable  land  of  the  free  and  home  of  the  brave. 
A  country  that  three  hundred  years  ago  could  be  bought  for  some 
strings  of  wampum  now  has  in  the  United  States  alone  an  esti- 
mated national  wealth  of  $100,000,000,000.  In  1620  peopled  only 
by  the  American  Indians,  it  now  has  a  population  of  white  men 
of  about  88,000,000.  Then  giving  nothing  to  the  world,  now  the 
world's  chief  benefactor  in  too  many  ways  to  mention  upon  an 
occasion  like  this.  Who  started  and  laid  the  foundations  of  such 
a  record  and  such  a  country  ?  God  gave  the  country,  wild  and  free, 
but  man  developed  it  and  wrought  these  mighty  achievements. 
What  men?  Why,  our  forefathers' right  here  in  Middletown  Upper 
Houses  were  the  founders  and  patriots  who  bore  their  willing  and 
mighty  part.  The  builders  of  the  Pyramids,  the  Colossus  of 
Rhodes,  the  Chinese  Wall,  and  the  other  wonders  of  the  world  were 
but  pigmy  laborers  compared  with  these  architects  of  a  Nation. 
Are  we  not  justified  in  lauding  their  lives  and  honoring  their 


memories  in  public  gatherings  like  this?  Nay,  would  we  not  be 
ingrates  and  degenerates  if  we  did  not  proclaim  their  deeds,  and 
call  upon  our  fathers  to  keep  us  steadfast  in  the  path  they  have 
blazed  so  broad  and  deep. 

The  world  has  just  seen  the  little  Brown  Man  in  the  Flowery 
Kingdom  beyond  the  Yellow  Sea,  through  the  worship  of  his 
ancestors,  humble  the  mighty  Bear  that  frightened  all  Europe 
with  his  roar.  We  do  not  sound  any  call  to  worship,  but  I  do 
believe  that  we  can  respect,  love,  and  honor  our  fathers  and  mothers 
that  our  days  may  be  long  in  the  land  which  the  Lord  our  God 
gave  us. 

"  Born   into   life !     .     .     .     man   grows 
Forth  from  his  parents'  stem, 
Blends  their  bloods,  as  these 

Of  theirs  are  blent  in  them ; 
So  each  new  man  strikes  root  into  a  far  foretime." 

— Empedocles  on  Etna. 

The  Hon.  Henry  B.  Brown  delivered  an  oration  on  "  The  Sig- 
nificance of  This  Memorial  Service,"  when,  after  referring  to  his 
college  days  of  1855-59  with  Mr.  Adams,  he  spoke  as  follows: 

Oration  of  the  Hon.  Henry  Bascom  Brown 

This  occasion,  as  I  apprehend  it,  is  for  the  dedication  of  a  noble 
and  fitting  memorial  to  the  Founders,  Fathers,  Pastors,  and  Pa- 
triots of  Middletown  Upper  Houses,  as  this  portion  of  the  town 
of  Middletown  was  called  from  the  year  1680  to  a  late  date  in 
the  last  century.  And  so  our  topic  naturally  takes  form  as  "  The 
Significance  of  This  Memorial  Service."  A  glacial  boulder,  duly 
and  appropriately  marked  by  an  inscription  upon  a  bronze  tablet, 
is  placed  as  an  enduring  and  fitting  memorial  to  the  honored 
ancestors  of  the  members  of  this  Society,  to  remain  as  long  as  time 
shall  last,  in  sunshine  or  in  storm,  through  summer's  heat  and 
winter's  cold,  the  mute  but  eloquent  and  impressive  testimonial 
of  the  appreciation  of  this  later  generation  of  the  sacrifices,  the 
virtues,  the  patriotism,  and  the  piety,  by  which  those  venerated 
men  built  themselves,  as  lasting  and  effective  factors,  into  the  very 
life  of  the  community,  the  church,  the  State,  the  nation. 

The  erection  of  monumental  memorials  for  the  perpetuation  of 
the  memories  and  achievements  of  nations  is  a  fact  as  old  as  the 
oldest  records  of  human  history.  We  pause  to  make  only  the  briefest 
mention  of  the  first  recorded  illustration  of  this  fact  in  human  his- 
tory— the  story  told  in  Holy  Writ,  of  that  wonderful  tide  of  human 


life,  that  "  journeyed  from  the  East,"  till  they  "  found  a  plain 
in  the  land  of  Shinar,"  where  they  proposed  "  to  build  a  city  and 
a  tower,  whose  top  should  reach  unto  heaven,"  by  which,  they  said, 
"  let  us  make  us  a  name " ;  wherefore,  says  the  sacred  writer, 
"the  name  of  it  is  called  Babel"  (Gen.  xi.  1-10). 

Next,  we  may  consider  the  erection  of  the  vast  pile  of  the 
Egyptian  Pyramids,  and  the  rough  sculpture  of  the  inexplicable 
Sphinx,  "  a  figure  sixty-fi-ve  feet  high,  cut  from  the  solid  rock," 
and  probably  older  than  the  great  pyramid  itself,  which  stand  sur- 
rounded by  the  other  innumerable  stone  monuments  of  that  most 
ancient  of  ancient  kingdoms.  The  stupendous  pyramid  of  Ghizeh 
is  incomparably  the  most  remarkable  monument  built  by  man.  It 
has  witnessed  the  rise,  the  culmination,  the  decay  of  empires  whose 
sway  was  almost  world-wide;  it  was  a  patriarch  when  the  human 
race  was  yet  young,  and  before  literature  was  born;  its  builder  is 
still  the  riddle  of  history;  it  was  gray  with  the  wear  and  tear 
of  centuries  when  Moses  wrote  the  Pentateuch;  it  was  as  ancient 
to  Moses,  as  the  Norman  conquest  is  to  us  to-day;  it  was  built 
to  defy  the  wrath  of  storms,  the  wear  of  ages,  and  the  hunger  of 
fire.  It  cost  an  untold  outlay  of  life,  and  blood,  and  treasure  to 
build  it;  it  would  be  the  financial  ruin  of  the  richest  nation  to 
destroy  it.  And  yet,  the  man  whose  name  and  honor  it  was  erected 
to  commemorate  is  as  unknown  to-day  as  the  humblest  slave  who 
contributed  his  labor  and  life  to  build  it ! 

It  stands  the  incomparable  monument  of  a  dead  civilization,  and 
it  looks  complacently  down  on  a  land  whose  dynasties,  history, 
and  traditions  are  lost  in  the  abyss  of  the  vanished  centuries ! 

As  the  Old  World  had  its  great  national  memorials  in  the  pyra- 
mids and  lesser  monuments  we  have  mentioned,  so  the  New  World 
had  its  great  memorials  in  the  vast  mounds  left  by  the  strange, 
nameless,  and  unknown  mound-builders,  and  the  wonderful  build- 
ings and  stone  monuments  of  Central  and  South  America,  whose 
builders  have  plunged  into  the  gulf  of  oblivion  and  left  not  a 
line  of  historical  record  behind  them  to  tell  that  they  ever  existed, 
or  for  what  purposes  their  magnificent  structures  were  designed 
and  used. 

Time  forbids  that  we  should  speak  further  on  this  occasion  of 
these  two  great  examples  of  national  memorials,  the  names  of 
whose  builders  are  lost  to  the  record  of  history. 

We  turn  again  to  sacred  history  for  illustration  of  the  tendency 
of  mankind  to  commemorate  names  and  occasions  by  the  setting 
up  of  stones  for  enduring  memorials.  In  the  twenty-eighth  chap- 
ter of  Genesis  is  recorded  the  strange  vision  of  Jacob  at  Bethel; 
and  the  record  is,  that  "Jacob  rose  up  early  in  the  morning  and 


took  the  stone  that  he  had  put  for  his  pillow  and  set  it  up  for  a 
pillar"  (Gen.  xxviii.  18). 

So,  all  along  down  the  centuries,  men  have  set  up  stones  as 
memorials  of  great  historical  events,  or  in  honor  of  those  who 
have  contributed  to  the  good  of  their  fellow-men,  the  development 
of  moral  and  religious  character,  the  promotion  of  those  great 
movements  that  have  worked  for  the  grandeur  of  the  State,  the 
progress  of  civilization  and  the  arts,  and  the  advancement  of  the 
race  in  every  department  of  human  activity.  Who  of  us,  having 
once  looked  upon  the  majestic  statue  to  the  memory  of  The  Fore- 
fathers, at  Plymouth,  Mass.,  can  ever  forget  it?  What  an  incen- 
tive the  very  sight  of  it  is,  to  awaken  in  the  heart  of  the  spectator 
those  sentiments  that  make  for  the  encouragement  of  virtue,  honor, 
and  great  endeavor. 

To-day,  as  an  outcome  of  the  contribution  of  life  and  treasure 
in  the  Civil  War,  the  living  patriots  all  over  our  land  have  com- 
memorated the  heroic  deeds  of  their  dead  comrades  by  erecting 
handsome  statues,  or  other  appropriate  monumental  memorials  of 
indestructible  stone  or  bronze,  to  tell  to  future  generations  the 
story  of  the  great  sacrifices  made  for  the  country's  life,  honor,  and 
perpetuity.  If  I  may  adapt  the  poetic  sentiment  of  another  (which, 
however,  I  quote  from  memory),  we  may  truly  say: 

"  Such   stoues   as  these   are  pilgrim   shrines, 
Shrines  to  no  race  or  place  confined ; 
The   Pantheons,    the   Palestines, 
The  Meccas  of  the  mind !  " 

We  dedicate  to-day  this  boulder  and  this  bronze  tablet  as  a  last- 
ing monument  and  memorial  to  the  Founders,  the  Fathers,  the 
Pastors,  and  the  Patriots  of  this  community.  What  niche  each 
one  of  them  filled  in  the  domestic,  social,  civil,  intellectual,  or 
religious  life  of  this  neighborhood,  or  what  contribution  each  made 
to  the  common  weal,  it  is  not  fitting  for  me  to  attempt  to  say,  nor 
could  I  measure,  compute,  or  estimate  it,  were  I  to  undertake 
the  task.  But  we  know  that  as  no  man's  life  in  any  community  is 
void  of  influence,  so  we  are  sure  that  from  the  lives  of  these  men 
whom  we  commemorate  to-day  there  went  out  into  the  sphere  of 
their  lives,  their  activities,  their  endeavors,  mighty  formative  in- 
fluences which  are  not  yet  lost  to  view  in  their  descendants,  and 
which  will  continue  to  widen  and  develop  in  their  scope  and  power 
in  the  advancing  years,  as  the  rippled  waters  move  with  ever 
enlarging  circles,  till  their  movement  and  momentum  are  swallowed 
up  in  the  measureless  ocean. 


Some  of  these  were  men  in  comparatively  humble  walks  of  life; 
some  others  of  them,  in  the  providence  of  God  and  by  the 
favor  of  their  fellow-citizens,  were  called  to  broader  fields  of  en- 
deavor, influence,  and  usefulness;  still  others  offered  their  lives 
and  sacred  honor  in  defense  of  home  and  native  land,  while  some 
stood  as  spiritual  monitors  and  religious  advisers  in  the  sacred 
desk,  to  declare  according  to  the  light  given  to  them,  and  in  the 
measure  of  their  knowledge  and  convictions,  the  relations  of  them- 
selves and  their  fellow-men  to  God  and  the  great  eternity  that  lies 
beyond  the  limits  of  time  and  sense. 

We  honor  them  to-day  as  men  who,  in  either  low  or  high  sta- 
tion, acted  well  their  part,  performed  faithfully  the  duties  that 
came  to  their  hands,  and  finally,  having  served  their  generation 
grandly  and  nobly,  died,  leaving  to  their  children  the  rich  legacy 
of  a  good  name,  which  Holy  AVrit  declares  is  rather  to  be  chosen 
than  great  riches. 

The  world  is  better  because  of  their  lives,  their  descendants  take 
pride  in  and  rejoice  in  the  memory  of  all  that  they  contributed  to 
the  betterment  of  humanity,  and  their  children  rise  up  and  call 
them  blessed. 

And  now,  as  the  day  declines  towards  the  eventide,  and  the 
shadows  lengthen  over  their  grass-grown  graves,  we  leave  them  to 
their  quiet  rest: 

"  Under  the  flowers  and  the  dew, 
Waiting  the  judgment  day." 

dedicating  to  their  sacred  memories  this  boulder  and  its  bronze 
tablet,  to  be  and  remain  forevermore  the  eloquent  witness  to  their 
labors  as  founders,  their  virtues  as  fathers,  their  devotion  as  pas- 
tors, and  their  sacrifices  as  patriots!     And  with  the  poet  we  say: 

"  Beneath  those  rugged  elms,  that  yew-tree's  shade, 
Where  heaves  the  turf  in  many  a  moldering  heap. 
Each  in  his  narrow  cell  forever  laid 

The  rude  forefathers  of  the  hamlet  sleep. 

"  No  further  seek  their  merits  to  disclose. 

Or  draw  their  frailties  from  their  dread  abode, — 
(There  they  alike  in  trembling  hope  repose,)  — 
The  Bosom  of  their   Father  and  their  God !  " 

Another  college  friend  of  Mr.  Adams  was  the  Hon.  Webster  R. 
Walkley,  D.  C.  L. 


Founders,  Fathers,  and  Pastors  Day 
"Webster  Rogers  Walkley,  D.  C.  L. 

To  Thee !    0  God !    our  Father's  God 
We  lift  our  hearts  in  prayer  and  praise 

For  this  the  land  the  Pilgrims  trod 
Preserved  to  us  from  earliest  days. 

Their  faith  and  hope,  their  skill  and  toil 
Laid  broad  and  deep  foundations  sure. 

Our  Freedom  grew  on  such  rich  soil — 
And  Liberty  which  will  endure. 

We  live  to  see  what  they  have  wrought; 
To  gather  Tiarvests  from  their  sowing, 

They  builded  better  than  they  thought 
Our  barns  are  filled  to  overflowing. 

They  tilled  the  soil,  they  sowed  the  seed; 
Yet  harvests  rich  they  never  reaped; 

For  every  want  they  found  its  need; 
The  wealth  of  years— their  children  heaped. 

We  come  to  lay  upon  their  graves 
The  grateful  offerings  of  our  love 

With  trust  in  God,  no  fear  enslaves 
Their  faith  was  sure,  they  rest  above. 

We  come  to  honor  these  brave  men 
Who  lived  and  wrought  in  years  gone  by. 

How  short  the  span  'twixt  now  and  then 
Their  mem'ry  lives,  it  shall  not  die. 

Here  now  we  place  this  boulder  old 
By  ice-floes  borne  from  Arctic  shore; 

Of  names  inscribed  it  will  be  told 
Their  virtues  live  forever  more. 

We  come  to  grave  upon  this  stone 
The  records  of  their  well-spent  lives; 

The  shields  they  wore  their  children  own, 
The  truth  they  taught  still  lives  and  thrives. 

Webster   Rogers   Walkley.   D.   C.   L. 
(See   page   78) 


/J.  yjrz:^ujz\ 

(See   page  74) 


We  honor  men  who  fought  and  won 
And  waged  fierce  conflicts  for  the  right; 

The  throbbing  heart  of  every    son 
Proclaims  them  heroes  in  the  fight. 

We  honor  men  for  what  they've  done, 
The  laurel  wreath's  for  victories  gained, 

The  crowns  they  wear,  if  worthily  won, 
Are  never  by  dishonor  stained. 

From  Plymouth  Rock  to  farthest  shore 
"  The  songs  of  Liberty  arise. 

Our  country's  free;    enslaved  no  more 
Are  those  who  dwell  beneath  its  skies. 

The  Sower  has  gone;    He  has  passed  on. 
The  seed  ho  scattered  bore  rich  grain. 

The  Reaper  has  come;    from  work  well  done 
He  gathers  much,  much  is  his  gain. 

I  love  these  templed  groves,  these  rocks  and  hills. 

These  meadows  fair  and  green,  these  laughing  rills 

That  flow  from  bubbling  springs  on  mountainside. 

And  dash  in  foam  to  greet  the  ocean's  tide. 

I  love  these  wooded  vales,  where  shadows  creep 

And  wrap  dream  robes  about  us  while  we  sleep. 

And  lift  tall  ladders  from  the  earth  to  heaven, 

On  which  we  seem  to  climb,  'till  clouds  are  riven, 

And  flecks  of  sunshine  come  through,  leafy  bowers 

To  wake  and  chide  for  these  neglected  hours. 

I  love  these  fields  which  lie  on  sunny  slopes, 

And  oft  conceal  the  seeds  of  harvest  hopes. 

I  love  to  watch  the  growing  crops  of  corn, 

Whose  leaves  are  gemmed  with  pearls  of  dewy  morn; 

I  love  to  see  the  blades  of  springing  grass — 

Wild  flowers  which  nod  as  we  in  silence  pass. 

I  love  to  hear  the  songs  of  these  wild  birds. 

In  sweeter  notes  than  I  can  tell  in  words. 

We  lie  awake  and  watch  the  coming  day 

Their  songs  of  praise  should  teach  us  how  to  pray. 

T  love  to  hear  the  church  bells  as  they  ring 

In  biting  winter  days — or  in  the  spring. 

When  God's  breath  brings  life  to  sleeping  flower. 

And  makes  men  feel  His  omniscient  power. 


Except  the  seed  shall  die,  no  blade  of  corn 

Shall  hold  the  crystal  pearls  of  dewey  morn. 

If  we  obeyed  the  lessons  we've  been  taught. 

All  through  our  life  has  been  this  happy  thought — 

God  gave  us  life.     Through  Him  we  move  and  live, 

As  much  we  have  received,  much  shall  we  give. 

Five  half-centuries  have  fled; 
■«»  We  cannot  count  the  dead; 

They  sleep  in  yonder  graves. 
Sunlight  falls  in  waves 
Of  glory  and  of  light, 
And  keeps  forever  bright 
The  names  of  honored  sons, 
Not  graven   on  these  stones. 
They  live  in  every  heart, 
Their  spirits  may  take  part 
With  us  to-day  in  praise, 
In  speech,  in  Joyful  lays, 
As  we  our  tribute  bring 
To  thank  our  God  and  King 
For  all  his  wondrous  grace. 
Love  beams  on  every  face, 
Joy  laughs  in  every  eye. 
Above,  the  arching  sky 
With  its  eternal  blue 
In  glory  bends  to  view 
The  day  we  celebrate. 

Who  were  these  men  who  here  first  built  their  homes. 

The  spring  or  source  from  which  our  history  comes? 

The  land  was  a  grant  from  the  State  or  crown. 

To  men  of  repute  who  had  gathered  renown. 

From  words  they  had  spoken  or  deeds  they  had  done. 

Such  find  reward.     Oft  it  comes  late,  but  none 

More  deserving  than  those  who  dare  to  do  right, 

And  cut  away  forests  to  let  in  the  light. 

Who  were  these  men?    We  cannot  name  them  all; 

Children  of  their  children  may  answer  to  our  call; 

But  now  all  are  gone,  their  names  fade  away, 

As  blushes  of  twilight  at  close  of  the  day. 

Home  of  our  fathers,  where  their  dust  now  reposes, 


O'er  whose  graves  is  the  breath  of  sweet  summer  roses; — 
Though  stones,  which  marked  where  their  bodies  decay, 
Have  crumbled  and  fallen,  and  are  nothing  but  clay, 
Their  memory  lives,  and  is  as  green  as  the  leaves, 
And  as  rich  as  the  grain  of  ingathered  sheaves. 

What  makes  men  great?    Who  weighs?    What  turns  the  scale? 
Is't  fortune's  breath,  or  some  more  favoring  gale? 
Who  mans  life's  bark  ?    Who  watches  for  the  star 
That  never  moves,  yet  tells  just  where  we  are? 
Whose  hand  is  on  the  helm?    Who  marks  the  course? 
What  pilot  guides  the  way?    What  force 
Impels,  compels,  'gainst  wind,  and  wave,  and  tide, 
Tlio  ship  to  sail,  or  in  the  harbor  to  abide? 
Though  clouds  obscure  the  sun  by  day;    at  night 
Who  finds  in  northern  skythe  glimmering  light 
To  which  all  men  turn,  who  go  down  in  ships 
To  bear  the  commerce  of  the  world.     Our  lips 
Are  sealed,  yet  there  comes  an  answering  voice — 
'Tis  God  in  man.     The  soul  within.     Eejoice; 
What  makes  men  great?     The  soul  within  that  burns. 
A  conscience  clear  that  lights  and  warns  and  turns 
And  gives  us  strength  to  know,  to  do,  to  dare. 
To  hope,  to  trust,  to  live  the  good  to  share? 

Wliat  makes  men  brave  ?     Their  thoughts,  their  lives,  their  aims. 

To  love  or  truth,  what  are  a  coward's  claims  ? 

What  makes  men  great?     The  truth  that  lives  within. 

That  grows  and  spreads,  and  crushes  out  the  sin. 

Our  work  is  here,  the  future  ne'er  is  ours ; 

We  plant  and  toil  to-day.     He  sends  the  flowers. 

We  bide  His  time.    We  wait  for  golden  sheaves. 

Though  oft  we  find  that  nothing  grew  but  leaves. 

Memory,  Sentinel  of  the  Past,  stands  on  guard  to-day 
With  form  erect  and  piercing  glance  she  points  to  us  the  way 
To  chambers  vast  and  old,  where  hidden  treasures  lie; 
The  records  of  immortal  deeds,  of  men  not  born  to  die. 

We  walk  amid  the  graves  where  many  of  our  kindred  sleep, 
We  hold  in  sweet  remembrance,  and  most  lovingly  do  keep 
The  history  of  their  lives,  some  were  not  unknown  to  fame, 
Others  wrought  most  worthily  and  left  an  honored  name. 


As  we  view  the  landscape  o'er,  the  distant  hills  that  kiss  the  sky, 
The  river  winding  at  our  feet,  whose  waters  pass  so  swiftly  by 
The  wooded  glen,  the  shady  grove,  the  meadows,  fair  and  green, 
We  ask  ourselves  where  Nature  paints  as  beautiful  a  scene  ? 

We,  their  children,  gather  here,  the  offspring  of  the  long  ago. 
When  men  were  brave  and  women  fair,  and  dared  their  courage 

Who  wrought  by  day  and  toiled  by  night,  scattering  precious  seed 
Which  blossomed  into  fruitage  rich  for  direst  hour  of  need. 

Looking  backward  o'er  fleeting  months  of  still  more  fleeting  years, 
What  pictures  memory  paints !    Here  hours  of  joy.  there  hours  of 

Though  cups  were  filled  with  ruby  wine,  oft  they  left  a  bitter  taste, 
And  goblets  filled  with  nectar  were  broken  in  our  haste. 

Youth  full  of  ardent  hope  builds  many  castles  in  the  air. 
Bathed  in  morning  light  or  tinged  by  sunset's  gold  how  fair! 
With  shaded  walks  about,  and  fountain's  mist  of  spray,  and  songs 

of  birds — 
The  scene  is  too  enchanting  for  us  to  paint  in  words. 

Youth  plucks  the  daisies  in  the  meadows,  and  the  buttercups  of 

Like  the  flowers  it  gathers,  it  wilts  and  fades  as  soon. 
The  scarlet  rose  of  manhood  seems  a  flower  of  sturdier  growth, 
The  blush  of  womanhood  reveals  our  nature's  subtlest  truth. 

Fathers  and  Founders  and  Pastors  still  live, 
Our  sight  may  be  dimmed,  we  cannot  behold. 
Though  in  spirit  they  meet  us,  the  lessons  they  give 
Are  of  God,  and  His  truth  same  as  of  old. 

Fathers,  how  deep  the  meaning  of  that  word ! 
What  sainted  forms  doth  memory  recall! 
How  are  our  inmost  feelings  thrilled  and  stirred. 
As  we  lisp  their  names  or  hearken  to  their  call ! 

Founders   are  they   who   laid  the   foundation. 
And  builded  above  the  State,  church,  and  school; 
United  are  these  in  all  their  relations. 
Sustaining,  supporting  with  wisdom  to  rule. 


Those  Pastors  who  preached  the  word  of  the  Lord, 
Who  cared  for  the  flocks  given  into  their  care, 
Though  servants  of  peace  kept  burnished  the  sword, 
Their  trust  was  in  God,  in  powder,  and  prayer. 

The  real  man  is  invisible,  unseen; 
A  soul  within  reveals  his  worth  and  power. 
It  lightens  up  his  face  with  smiles  of  truth, 
And  looks  beyond  to  an  immortal  life. 
He  is  taller  than  his  height.     His  right  arm 
Doth  not  measure  strength.     His  real  nobler  self 
Beaches,  expands  toward  the  Infinite. 
He  is  broader  than  his  shoulders,  or  his  breast; 
Weightier  than   avoirdupois   of  scales. 
I'ruth  in  the  soul  seeks  light.    As  seeds  do  burst. 
And  spring  from  Mother  Earth  to  bud  and  flower. 
So  the  spirit  of  a  man  doth  make  great. 
Such  are  the  pivots  on  which  epochs  turn; 
Such  men  make  the  history  of  the  world; 
Sometimes  at  stake  in  martyrs'  fire  they  burn. 
Yet  new  eras  dawn. 

And  now  on  busy  street  shall  stand 
For  life  and  work  so  nobly  grand, 
This  boulder  old,  that  all  may  learn 
That  one  is  great  who  can  discern 
The  power  of  will  which  gives  one  might, 
And  strengthens  men  to  do  the  right. 

The  poem  was  followed  by  an  address  by  C.  Collard  Adams  on 
"Two  Pioneers,  Captain  Nathaniel  White  and  Captain  Hugh 

Miss  Hattie  Hubbard,  an  elocutionist  of  high  ability,  gave  a 
recitation.  This  was  followed  by  an  address  by  the  Hon.  Charles 
H.  Stanton,  M.  A.,  Bursar  of  Hamilton  College: 

The  New  Cromwell 

If  I  am  to  speak,  it  must  be  for  the  Cromwell  in  Oneida  County, 
New  York.  You  may  not  find  the  name  there,  but  you  will  not 
search  in  vain  for  the  spirit. 

The  eastern  part  of  the  Mohawk  Valley  was  settled  by  the 
Dutch.    If  you  could  stop  just  west  of  Utica,  in  your  rapid  flight 


on  the  New  York  Central  Railroad,  for  a  more  careful  inspection 
of  the  eighty-foot  column  that  stands  on  the  hill  beside  that 
great  thoroughfare,  an  enduring  monument  to  mark  the  Oriskany 
battlefield,  you  would  be  delighted  with  the  bronzes  depicting  the 
scenes  of  that  conflict,  which  ranks  as  one  of  the  decisive  battles 
of  the  Revolution :  you  would  be  charmed  with  the  classic  in- 
scription written  by  Professor  Edward  North,  who  went  to  his 
lifelong  and  memorable  work  in  Hamilton  College  from  your 
neighboring  Berlin,  but,  as  you  attempted  to  read  the  tablets 
which  record  the  names  of  the  heroes  who  fought  for  us  that  day, 
you  would  find  them  deeply,  unmistakably  Dutch. 

But,  wait!  Middletown  Upper  Houses  is  to  be  heard  from.  A 
few  years  after  that  battle  in  the  wilderness  another  is  to  begin 
near  by.  In  the  springtime  of  1784  Hugh  White,  a  stalwart 
man  from  this  village,  is  slowly  pushing  his  way  westward,  past 
the  Dutch  settlements  of  the  eastern  Mohawk,  past  the  burned 
houses  and  devastated  fields  of  the  middle  valley,  wasted  by  ruth- 
less Indians  and  Tories,  stopping  finally  just  east  of  the  battle- 
(Icld,  where  the  Sauquoit  from  the  south  joins  the  winding  waters 
of  the  Mohawk.  Here,  in  the  wilderness,  surrounded  by  Indians, 
forty  inil(>s  from  other  settlers  and  the  greatly  needed  gristmill, 
he  builds  his  habitation  in  what  is  to  become  the  beautiful  village 
of  Wiiitesboro,  now  a  western  suburb  of  Utica.  Here  he  was  to 
win  a  victory  greater  than  that  of  the  battle;  here,  a  hundred  years 
later,  his  labors  and  virtues  were  to  be  celebrated  in  a  great  me- 
morial gathering,  and  witnessed  by  a  worthy  granite  shaft  erected 
on  the  village  grcnm. 

With  his  sturdy  sons  he  clears  away  the  forest,  and  the  fertile 
soil  yields  Tuore  abundant  crops  than  the  land  he  had  left.  From 
time  to  time,  shrewd  Yankee  that  he  was,  he  sends  back  to  Crotn- 
w(>ll  great  onions,  the  tallest  stalks  and  largest  ears  of  corn. 
But  the  evidences  he  sent  were  convincing.  One  by  one  the  families 
lu^re  supplied  new  settlers  for  the  new  country.  So  went  the 
Risleys,  Butlers,  Stockings,  Eells,  Shepards,  Hamlins,  and  others. 
Among  these,  in  1794,  went  my  great-grandfather,  Gideon  Savage, 
great-grandson  of  John  Savage,  one  of  the  founders  of  Middle- 
town  lT])por  Houses.  He  had  returned  to  Upper  Houses  after 
graduation  from  the  campaigns  with  Washington  in  New  Jersey 
and  the  hardshi])s  of  Valley  Forge;  here  he  married  the  daughter 
of  Aaron  White;  here  his  son,  in  due  time,  married  Elizabeth 
Hamlin,  descended  from  Thomas  Ranney  and  from  the  first  pastor, 
Rev.  -loseph  Smith,  and  thereby,  I  may  humbly  add,  here  am  I, 
one  of  the  fruits  of  these  alliances. 

In  the  ways  I  have  indicated,  Cromwell,  transplanted  in  Oneida 

HISTORY    OF    THE    SOCIETY  .  85 

County,  took  root  and  flourished,  and  ¥gw  England  began  again 
in  New  York.  Since  then  waves  of  population  from  Wales,  Ire- 
land, and  now  from  Italy,  have  swept  over  the  region  as  new  de- 
velopments have  occurred,  but  some  of  the  old  stock  still  remain. 
They  have  a  just  pride  in  their  ancestry,  for  they  were  honest, 
industrious,  intelligent.  God-fearing  men  and  women.  To-day 
we  render  grateful  tribute  to  the  century  and  a  quarter  of  heredity 
and  training  here  that  equipped  them  for  their  work. 

Such  men  your  town  and  State  sent  forth  to  till  our  soil,  to 
build  our  churches  and  schools,  and  to  found  our  colleges.  Among 
these  came  Samuel  Kirkland,  the  devoted  missionary  to  the  Oneida 
Indians,  and  founded  our  Hamilton  College  in  1812.  Yale  fur- 
nished her  first  president,  but  the  College  has  paid  you  back  the 
whole  debt  in  sending  to  your  State  and  neighborhood  Charles 
Dudley  Warner  and  Senator  Hawley,  and  in  giving  to  the  nation 
Elihu  Eoot. 

With  slight  variations,  the  story  I  have  told  you  would  doubtless 
be  the  story  of  all  these  pilgrims,  who,  from  different  regions, 
have  gathered  here  to-day. 

Veneration  for  a  noble  ancestry  is  an  interesting  theme.  A 
few  weeks  ago,  when  we  read  Togo's  report  of  his  marvelous  vic- 
tory and  his  declaration  that  it  was  gained  not  by  the  strength 
of  men  but  by  the  virtue  of  their  ancestors,  we  shrugged  our 
shoulders  and  passed  it  by  with  a  halfway  feeling  of  superiority 
and  compassion  for  such  a  lingering,  superstitious  fetich  from 
a  barbarian  past.  But  were  we  right?  Is  not  this  great,  con- 
suming, national  regard  for  their  forefathers  worthy  of  our 
deeper  respect?  Must  we  not  concede  to  this  noble  afPection 
similar  praise  to  that  compelled  from  us  by  their  skill  in  war  and 
sanitation  ? 

Then  came  Eev.  Edwin  H.  Eanney,  the  patriarch  of  ei'ghty-two 
years,  who  gave  his  reminiscences  of  Cromwell  and  Middletown 
tipper  Houses. 

Eeminiscences  of  Middletown  Upper  Houses  and  Cromwell 

"  How  dear  to  my  heart  are  the  scenes  of  my  childhood, 
When   fond  recollection  presents  them  to   view," 

The  childhood  home  is,  indeed,  to  children  the  dearest  spot  on 
earth;  and  even  when  they  outgrow  their  childhood,  and  as  men 
and  women  scatter  in  different  directions  over  this  wide  world, 
they  never  lose  sight  of  the   dear   old  homestead   wherein  they 


were  born;  nor  do  they  forget  the  associates  and  associations  of 
their  early  life.  New  homes,  new  associations,  and  new  associates 
will  never  entirely  obliterate  from  their  memories  the  scenes  and 
experiences  of  their  childho.od  days. 

These  thoughts  thus  briefly  expressed  will  serve  as  a  preface  to 
what  follows  as  to  my  own  experience.  Some  twenty-five  years  ago 
I  sold  out  my  interest  in  Cromwell  and,  bidding  adieu  to  the  old 
homestead,  took  my  departure  for  the  Sunny  South.  This  move- 
ment was  made  at  the  suggestion  of  my  wife's  sister  who  was 
teaching  school  in  that  part  of  the  country,  and  invited  my  wife 
to  join  her  in  her  pedagogical  work;  and  I  concluded  that,  while 
she  was  teaching,  I  might  be  preaching.  I  soon  found,  however, 
that  I  had  made  the  greatest  mistake  of  my  life;  and  the  dear 
old  homestead,  with  its  dearer  associations,  loomed  up  before  me; 
homesickness  set  in,  and  I  could  have  kissed  the  very  ground 
on  which  I  used  to  tread.  Many  a  time  since  I  left  it  I  have  en- 
tered the  old  home  through  dreamland,  and  found  myself  in  full 
possession  as  in  days  of  yorey  but  the  morning  dawned,  the  dream 
passed  away,  and  with  it  went  the  bright  and  beautiful  vision. 
But  "  There's  a  divinity  that  shapes  our  ends,  rough  hew  them  as 
we  will."  And  my  subsequent  experience  has  led  me  to  indorse 
and  adopt  the  sentiment  so  well  expressed  by  Dr.  Bushnell :  "  Dif- 
ferent things  are  to  be  done,  and  God  will  inspire  us  for  just  what 
we  have  to  do;  and  it  may  be  that  our  inspiration,  being  for  a 
riper  age,  will  so  far,  be  of  a  higher  quality,"  and  certainly  my  riper 
age,  and  riper  inspiration,  and  providential  environment  have 
led  to  the  accomplishment  of  that  of  which  I  never  had  ante- 
cedently earned. 

In  former  days  I  had  some  experience  in  teaching,  or  trying 
to  teach,  the  young  idea  how  to  shoot.  It  was  in  that  age  of  the 
world  when  teachers  boarded  around  among  the  patrons  of  the 
school,  and  I  never  have  forgotten  the  bill  of  fare  presented  before 
me  by  one  of  these  patrons.  He  must  have  thought  I  didn't  know 
beans,  for  they  were  set  before  me  three  times  a  day  in  one  shape 
or  another.  He  might,  possibly,  have  considered  them  to  be  good 
brain  food,  and  thought  I  needed  them.  The  four  or  five  schools 
of  Cromwell  at  that  time  were  sufficient  to  intellectualize  all  the 
children  of  that  generation. 

Knowledge  and  wisdom  prevailed  in  every  school  district,  and 
if  the  children  remained  in  ignorance  it  was  not  the  fault  of  the 
teachers.  But  the  three  R's  graduates  were  numerous,  and  some 
of  them  took  a  postgraduate  course  in  the  Academy. 

In  those  days  of  culture  and  refinement  there  was  but  one  fool 
in  Middletown  Upper  Houses !    I  mean,  natural  fool,  and  I  am 


quite  sure  if  the  fool-killer  were  to  come  this  way  now  he  would 
find  his  occupation  gone.  But  what  a  change  has  come  over 
Cromwell  in  educational  matters:  That  large,  commodious,  mod- 
ern edifice,  ornamental,  as  well  as  useful,  and  located  in  the  center 
of  population,  has  absorbed  the  lesser  lights,  and  is  shining  forth 
in  all  its  splendor  to  illuminate  and  educate  the  present  and  future 
generations.  If,  therefore,  the  future  citizens  of  Cromwell  do 
not  surpass  former  generations  in  wisdom  and  intelligence,  they 
will  not  have  improved  the  greater  facilities  afforded  them. 

My  earlier  life  was  spent  in  Middletown  Upper  Houses,  to  which 
place  our  father  returned  when  I  was  six  years  of  age.  Until  then  I 
had  never  seen  the  Connecticut  Eiver,  and  one  of  the  first  sights 
that  greeted  my  eyes  was  a  brig  lying  at  the  wharf  adjacent  to 
the  "Ijrick  store."  To  my  rural  mind  it  was  a  picturesque  scene, 
and  the  greatest  wonder  of  the  age ;  at  least,  of  my  age.  But  such 
scenes  soon  became  familiar.  It  was  the  commercial  age  of  Mid- 
dletown Upper  Houses,  when  cargoes  of  salt,  sugar,  and  molasses 
were  received  direct  from  the  West  Indies.  But  the  "  Brick  Store," 
the  wharves,  the  vessels,  and  river  have  long  since  become  obsoles- 
cent so  far  as  any  foreign  trade  is  concerned.  The  steamboats  going 
up  and  down  the  river  at  that  time  were  also  a  great  curiosity. 
One  of  these,  the  Oliver  Cro?nweU,  I  think,  was  commanded  by 
Captain  Thomas  Stowe,  who  then  lived  in  what  was  considered 
at  that  time  a  beautiful  residence  on  the  corner  now  occupied  by 
the  Baptist  Church.  These  steamers  were  of  the  side-wheel 
variety  and  made  a  much  more  imposing  appearance  than  the 
propellers  of  the  present  day.  They  had  what  seemed  to  be  a 
dangerous  way  of  receiving  and  landing  passengers — instead  of 
stopping  the  big  boat,  they  would  lower  from  the  davits  a  small 
boat  attached  to  a  long  rope,  and,  while  the  steamer  was  in  motion, 
the  small  boat  was  run  out  to  the  wharf  by  the  propulsive  power 
which  the  rope  received  from  the  steamer;  by  this  method  the 
steamer  was  kept  in  the  channel,  and  continued  on  her  way.  The 
house  we  first  occupied  when  we  moved  in  from  Berlin  was  near 
the  river  in  the  neighborhood  of  the  aristocracy  of  Middletown 
Upper  Houses  at  that  time.  The  post  office  was  within  half  a 
square  of  our  residence,  and  did  a  big  business  on  a  small  scale, 
receiving,  I  suppose,  at  least  a  dozen  letters  a  day.  The  long- 
distance postage  on  letters  then^  was  twenty-five  cents,  and  pre- 
payment of  postage  was  not  required.  The  stage  coach  was  then 
the  only  conveyance  for  mails  as  well  as  for  passengers.  Our 
postmaster  was  also  a  magistrate;  he  was  of  large  dimensions, 
and  a  large-hearted  man.  I  was  in  a  nearby  orchard  one  day  and 
under  one  of  the  apple  trees  I  found  a  small  tin  box,  which  turned 


out  to  be  the  money  box  of  the  postmaster.  I  never  knew  how 
much  money  it  contained,  but  on  returning  it  to  him  I  received 
a  four-pence-half-penny,  equivalent  in  those  days  to  six  and  a 
quarter  cents,  which  to  my  poor  little  pocket  was,  as  it  were, 
a  bonanza.  I  considered  myself  amply  rewarded.  I  mention  this 
simply  to  show  that  honesty  in  those  days  did  not  go  unrewarded. 
The  next  move  of  our  family,  two  years  later,  was  to  a  house  on 
the  bank  of  the  river,  not  far  from  our  first  and  former  residence. 
On  the  opposite  side  of  the  street  was  a  large  house  which  had  been 
used  as  a  tavern  in  the  days  of  our  commercial  prosperity.  Next 
to  the  tavern  was  a  smaller  building  used  as  a  hat  factory.  Our 
next  neighbor  on  the  bank  of  the  river  was  a  sea-faring  man,  whose 
wife,  known  to  us  children  as  Aunt  Hannah,  used  to  give  us 
tamarinds,  which  her  husband  was  in  the  habit  of  bringing  home 
with  him  on  his  return  from  sea  voyages,  and  we  children  acquired 
a  love  for  Aunt  Hannah  through  our  love  for  her  tamarinds. 
On  the  opposite  side  of  the  street  from  Aunt  Hannah  was  an- 
other sea-faring  man  who  had  an  interesting  history  as  being  one 
of  a  crew  captured  and  held  in  captivity  by  the  Arabs.  After 
much  suffering  he  was  finally  released  and  returned  home.  The 
neighborhood  was  noted  for  sea-faring  men.  Besides  those  already 
alluded  to,  were  Captain  Bailey,  Captain  Parker,  Captain  McKee, 
Captain  White,  Captain  Tim.  Savage,  and  Captain  Mildrum,  all 
of  whom  are  pleasantly  remembered  as  good  neighbors. 

Occasionally  there  would  be  shooting-matches  on  a  small  scale 
near  the  hat  factory.  Robins  and  swallows  were  the  sufferers. 
The  point  aimed  at  was  to  hit  the  birds  on  the  wing,  i.  e.,  while 
they  were  flying,  and  I  think  one  of  the  Eells  boys  proved  to  be  the 
best  marksman. 

And  there  was  shipbuilding  in  those  days.  The  shipyard  of 
Captain  Webber  was  a  busy  place,  and  many  a  vessel  was  intro- 
duced to  the  Connecticut  River  from  its  ways.  A  few  vessels  of 
less  tonnage  were  also  built  a  few  rods  to  the  south  of  our  residence. 

The  aristocratic  part  of  our  neighborhood  was  somewhat  noted 
for  summer  visitors  from  New  York.  One  of  these  visitors  was 
in  the  habit  of  bringing  with  him  his  horses  and  carriage;  the 
driver,  a  colored  man,  would  take  the  horses  to  the  river  to  give 
them  a  bath;  on  one  occasion  he  ventured  out  too  far,  and  the 
horse  he  was  riding,  becoming  frightened,  threw  him  off,  and 
he  was  drowned.  A  little  further  on  up  the  river  there  lived  a 
distinguished  citizen  whose  personality  attracted  considerable  at- 
tention, as  he  was  regarded  a  curiosity,  especially  by  the  children; 
he  was  distinguished  by  his  Lilliputian  proportions.  The  lower 
Middletowners  were  in  the  habit  of  enlisting  him  in  their  fan- 


tastic,  Invincible  parades.  But  notwithstanding  his  diminutive 
stature  he  was  a  peaceable  and  useful  citizen.  The  schoolhouse 
in  our  neighborhood,  with  its  cupola  and  bell,  was  worthy  of  our 
aristocratic  and  well-to-do  citizens;  it  was  well  located,  and  its 
architecture  was  all  that  could  be  expected  in  the  days  when  the 
schoolroom  was  furnished  with  desks  which  ornamented  the  three 
walls  to  which  they  were  attached;  and  the  backless  seats  were 
adjusted  accordingly;  so  that  the  white  walls  were  the  silent 
witnesses  of  the  hieroglyphics  which  the  scholars  would  make  with 
their  knives  and  pencils.  Eeligious  meetings  were  often  held 
in  the  schoolhouse  at  early  candle-light,  and  the  neighbors  were,, 
of  course,  depended  on  to  furnish  the  lights,  and  the  way  the 
brass  candlesticks  were  polished  up  for  the  occasion  showed 
the  interest  the  ladies  took  in  the  meeting,  while  the  dim  religious 
light  seemed  an  inspiration  to  the  minister,  and  threw  over  the 
little  assembly  a  hallowed  influence.  Precious  days,  precious 
memories !  "  Gone,  but  not  forgotten."  Within  a  few  rods  of  the 
schoolhouse  was  the  beautiful  residence  of  the  beloved  physician 
of  the  village,  Dr.  Sylvester  Bulkeley.  Of  all  the  families  of 
Middletown  Upper  Houses  the  Sages  and  Savages  were  the  most 
numerous.  The  fishing  industry  was  then  carried  on  to  a  con- 
siderable extent,  and  seines  and  fishhouses  were  in  evidence  on 
both  sides  of  the  river.  Shad  were  then  abundant  in  the  Con- 
necticut Eiver,  and  it  was  said  that  sixteen  hundred  were  caught 
in  one  haul  of  the  net  at  the  Jefferson  fish  place  on  the  opposite 
side  of  the  river.  This  may  or  may  not  be  a  fish  story,  I  cannot 
vouch  for  it.  Sturgeon  were  also  plentiful.  The  fishermen  had 
a  unique  way  of  dividing  the  catch  when  it  was  small :  The  shad 
were  of  different  sizes,  and  in  order  to  equalize  each  one's  share 
as  accurately  as  possible  they  would  lay  the  shad  into  as  many 
piles  as  there  were  fishermen,  and  then  one  of  their  number 
would  turn  his  back  to  the  piles,  and  another  would  call  out, 
"Who  shall  have  that?"  and  so  on  to  the  end  of  the  piles.  In 
this  way  the  shad  were  satisfactorily  distributed.  A  shilling  then 
would  buy  a  large-sized  shad. 

We  now  leave  the  river  and  go  west  about  three-eighths  of  a 
mile.  About  midway  between  our  new  residence  and  the  old 
was  the  Zenas  Edwards  tavern.  In  those  days  this  tavern  was 
well  patronized  by  the  traveling  public,  and  by  our  own  citizens 
as  well.  Both  solid  and  liquid  refreshments  were  served.  Among 
the  attractions  to  the  tavern  was  a  nine-pin  alley,  afterwards 
changed  to  a  ten-pin  alley,  in  order  to  nullify  a  new  law  against 
the  nine-pin  ally;  this  alley  was  well  patronized  by  the  clubmen 
of  Middletown,  whose  patronage  of  the  bar  would  pay  for  the  use 


of  the  alley.  But  as  bowling  alleys  were  multiplied  this  particular 
one  gradually  fell  into  "  innocuous  desuetude."  About  thirty 
rods  west  of  the  tavern  was  a  slaughter-house,  which  supplied  meat 
for  the  villagers  and  Middletowners.  There  was  no  beef  trust  then 
to  monopolize  the  business  and  control  the  market,  and  the  great 
Chicago  was  then  in  its  infancy. 

With  our  change  of  residence  my  school  days  were  transferred 
from  the  Bell  schoolhouse  to  the  brick  schoolhouse,  which  stood 
on  the  roadside,  about  five  and  twenty  rods  west  of  the  Nathaniel 
White  school  building.  I  had  pretty  well  mastered  ISToah  Web- 
.ster's  spelling  book,  and  was  now  prepared  for  the  higher  branches, 
and  soon  found  myself  wrestling  with  the  three  R's,  in  two  of  which 
I  became  quite  proficient.  It  was  customary  in  those  days  for  the 
teacher  to  give,  what  was  then  considered,  beautifully  engraved 
certificates  as  rewards  of  merit  to  those  who  excelled  in  their 
studies  and  deportment,  and  at  the  close  of  the  school  term 
the  older  scholars  would  receive  books.  In  those  days  the 
singing-school  was  an  interesting  institution,  especially  to  the 
beaux  and  belles  of  the  village.  The  old  brown  schoolhouse,  which 
stood  just  a  few  rods  west  of  the  Congregational  Church,  was 
the  trysting  place,  and  the  chorister  of  the  church  was  the  teacher; 
and  the  boys  and  girls  were  pretty  thoroughly  drilled  in  the  rudi- 
ments of  music.  The  only  "  department  "  store  in  the  village  was 
owned  and  conducted  by  Elisha  Stocking.  He  was  a  model  mer- 
chant and  did  business  on  strictly  honest  principles.  In  those 
days  delivery  wagons  were  unlcnown  and  purchasers  delivered 
their  own  goods.  The  apple  orchards  of  Middletown  Upper  Houses 
furnished  an  abundant  supply  of  fruit,  both  for  the  cellars  and  the 
cider  mills.  The  first  cider  mill  I  remember  stood  at  the  point 
of  intersection  of  the  two  roads  just  west  of  Dowd's  brook,  near 
where  stood  the  old  Fletcher  Ranney  house.  A  half  mile  or  so 
further  west  was  the  Ezra  Sage  cider  mill.  The  apples  were 
laid  in  a  large  circular  trough  and  were  crushed  to  a  pulp  by  a 
ponderous  roller  moving  round  the  circle  by  horse-power.  Cheeses 
were  then  made  of  the  pomace,  and  large  tubs  below  the  plat- 
form received  the  juice  that  was  pressed  out,  and  we  boys  showed 
our  interest  in  the  operation  by  means  of  straws  with  which  we 
sampled  the  contents  of  the  tubs  and  barrels.  There  were  two  tan- 
neries in  the  village,  one  of  which  was  the  Dowd  tannery,  the 
other,  located  some  forty  rods  west  of  our  place  of  residence,  was 
owned  and  operated  by  my  grandfather.  Deacon  William  Ranney. 
There  lived  in  the  wild  woods  west  of  the  new  cemetery,  an  old 
man  by  the  name  of  Simon  Hubbard.  He  made  salve  and  peddled 
it,  and  Simon  Hubbard's  salve  was  the  best  and  the  only  salve  in 


the  market.  Of  the  quarries  of  Middletown  Upper  Houses  I  need 
not  speak,  except  to  say  that  the  Towner  quarry,  the  first  one 
opened,  produced  an  excellent  quality  of  stone,  which  would  com- 
pare favorably  with  that  of  any  of  the  Cromwell  quarries.  Its  long 
distance  from  the  river,  however,  was  a  hindrance  to  its  success. 
A  loco-foco  match  factory  was  for  a  while  one  of  the  industries 
of  Middletown  Upper  Houses.  It  was  situated  on  the  turnpike 
about  midway  between  the  tavern  and  the  Williams  corner.  It 
was  a  small  affair,  but  revolutionized  the  method  of  starting  fires, 
and  was  a  wonderful  thing  in  that  day  and  generation.  It  con- 
signed the  tinder-box,  with  its  flint  and  steel,  to  the  curiosity  shop. 
Very  few  of  the  present  population  of  Cromwell  remember  the 
firm  of  Sage  &  Russell,  carpenters  and  builders,  who  carried  on 
an  extensive  business  in  what  is  now  the  Hale  and  Boardman 
neighborhood.  The  piles  of  lumber  that  were  in  evidence  there 
in  those  days,  and  the  workshop,  with  its  dozen  or  more  of  men  ply- 
ing their  planes,  saws,  and  hammers,  gave  to  that  section  of  the 
town  an  industrial  aspect,  indicative  of  thrift,  both  to  the  em- 
ployed and  employers.  Many  a  good  mechanic  in  that  line  of 
business  served  his  apprenticeship  in  that  establishment.  But  em- 
ployers and  employees  have  long  since  laid  aside  their  implements 
of  industry  and  passed  on  to  the  life  beyond,  where  houses  are 
not  made  with  hands. 

Northwest  Cromwell  also  had  an  industrial  plant  which  furnished 
to  the  country  a  superior  quality  of  hammers.  This  plant  was 
owned  and  operated  by  the  brothers,  Marvin  and  Isaac  Warner, 
well  known  by  the  present  generation,  and  kindly  remembered  as 
being  among  our  most  useful  and  respected  citizens. 

The  founders  of  the  plant  in  North  Cromwell  have  long  since 
passed  away,  but  their  works  remain  to  testify  of  their  ingenuity 
and  enterprise  in  the  building  up  of  an  establishment  which  has 
contributed  so  much  to  the  welfare  of  Cromwell.  The  products 
of  their  industry  have  been  distributed  in  every  part  of  the  country 
the  Christmas  sun  shines  on,  to  the  delight  and  amusement  of 
young  America;  and  may  this  delight  and  amusement  long  cqn- 
tinue  from  the  same  source. 

A  brick  kiln  was  once  one  of  the  industries  of  Middletown  Upper 
Houses.  It  was  located  on  the  Joseph  Edwards  property  near 
to  what  was  the  entrance  to  "  Fuj-Neck."  In  the  woods  of  that 
vicinity  were  numerous  shellbark  walnut  trees,  which  furnished 
the  boys  of  the  neighborhood  their  winter's  supply  of  the  finest 
quality  of  walnuts,  and  the  Round  Meadow  nearby  was  our  skat- 
ing park.  In  my  last  round  there  on  skates  I  was  tripped  up 
by  coming  in  contact  with  shell  ice,  and  went  home  with  a  bloody 


face.  That  ended  my  skating  days.  I  will  make  mention  here 
of  a  remarkable  event  which  occurred  when  I  was  thirteen  years 
old,  and  I  suppose  I  was  the  only  one  in  Middletown  Upper 
Houses  who  witnessed  it.  It  was  about  three  o'clock  in  the  morn- 
ing of  ISTovember  13,  1833.  As  I  was  lying  in  bed  I  happened  to 
look  out  of  the  window  and  one  of  the  grandest  spectacles  the 
world  ever  saw  met  my  eyes.  Meteors  were  falling  thick  as  snow- 
flakes;  it  was  a  magnificent  sight,  and  I  afterwards  regretted  that 
I  did  not  rouse  the  neighborhood  to  see  it. 

A  comb  manufactory,  on  a  small  scale,  was  one  of  the  indus- 
tries of  Middletown  Upper  Houses;  it  did  not  flourish  to  any 
great  extent,  however,  and  had  but  a  brief  existence.  The  proprie- 
tor was  postmaster  for  a  short  time,  and  was  probably  the  first  to 
introduce  the  letter-carrier  system  into  the  Post  Office  Department. 
On  a  Sunday  he  would  kindly  take  with  him  to  church  the  letters  of 
those  who  lived  at  a  distance,  and  deliver  them  to  the  addressee. 
He  did  not  long  remain  a  resident  of  the  place.  A  vault  in  the 
old  cemetery  which  he  built  for  the  last  resting-place  of  a  daugh- 
ter bears  silent  testimony  to  his  useful  and  honorable  career  as  a 
citizen  of  the  town. 

At  the  Nooks  lived  Alexander  Sage,  whose  extensive  and  widely- 
known  watermelon  patch  invited  trespassers  from  all  directions. 
A  boatload  of  young  men  and  women  from  Middletown  visited  the 
place  on  a  Sunday,  and  on  the  return  trip  the  boat  capsized  and 
two  of  the  women  were  drowned.  The  event  caused  quite  a  sen- 
sation at  the  time,  and  was  regarded  a  retributory  act  of  Provi- 
dence for  the  violation  of  the  Lord's  day. 

There  were  two  -churches  in  Middletown  Upper  Houses;  the 
Congregational,  which  stood  on  the  village  green,  and  the  Baptist, 
which  stood  some  fifteen  or  twenty  rods  below.  I  well  remember 
Eev.  Joshua  L.  Williams,  pastor  of  the  Congregational  Church, 
who  lived  in  the  house  now  occupied  by  the  family  of  the  late 
Joseph  Edwards.  With  pastor  Zebulon  Crocker  I  was  better  ac- 
quainted, and  it  was  during  his  pastorate  that  a  more  friendly 
feeling  existed  between  the  two  denominations;  a  union  Sun- 
day School  picnic  was  one  of  the  results  of  this  friendly  feeling. 
At  this  picnic  I  was  highly  honored  in  being  called  upon  by  Pastor 
Crocker  for  a  speech.  Now  speechifying  was  not  in  my  line  of 
business;  but  I  ventured  to  launch  out.  I  am  happy  to  say  there 
were  no  reporters  for  the  press  around  in  those  days,  and  fortu- 
nately there  is  no  one  now  living,  except  myself,  tliat  remembers 
anything  about  it;  but  the  woods  where  the  picnic  was  held  are 
still  standing,  so  they  were  not  blasted  by  it,  though  it  was  a 
scorcher.      The    Congregational    Church   edifice   was    a   two-story 


square-frame  building,  and,  as  it  had  galleries  its  seating  capacity 
must  have  been  about  four  hundred;  its  pulpit  was  elevated  some 
eight  or  ten  feet  above  the  first  floor,  and  had  a  large,  ponderous- 
looking  sounding-board  overhead.  Besides  the  regular  narrow 
slips,  there  were  numerous  large,  square,  family  pews.  But  the 
Congregationalists  outgrew  their  place  of  worship  and  built  the 
finer,  larger  and  more  commodious  structure  on  the  hill  and 
matched  it  with  a  fine,  brick  parsonage. 

The  Baptist  meeting  house  originally  stood  on  the  green  near 
where  the  Catholic  Church  now  stands;  it  was  a  frame  building 
sixty  by  forty-five  feet,  with  the  narrow  slips  and  family  pews 
arrangement.  The  first  pastor  I  remember  was  Elder  Frederick 
Wightman,  who  was  the  father  of  the  eminent  lawyer,  Stillman  K. 
Wightman,  one  of  whose  sons  is  following  in  the  footsteps  of  his 
grandfather  as  Baptist  preacher.  In  those  days  the  church  was 
heated  by  wood  fires  in  long,  box  stoves,  and  little  foot-stoves 
filled  with  live  coals  were  used  by  the  ladies,  who  found  them 
indispensable  to  their  comfort. 

The  ladies  living  at  a  long  distance  from  the  church  would 
bring  their  lunch  with  them,  and  in  the  summer  season  during  the 
intermission  between  the  morning  and  afternoon  services  they 
would  resort  to  the  residence  of  a  neighbor  nearby  to  enjoy  the 
fragrance  of  the  flowers,  and  the  flavor  of  the  fennel  which  the 
garden  supplied  in  great  abundance.  After  the  resignation  of 
Elder  Wightman  the  meeting  house  was  moved  to  the  more  central 
location  just  below  the  village  green;  here  alterations  were  made 
and  the  interior  modernized;  the  pulpit  was  placed  in  front  be- 
tween the  two  outside  doors,  and  the  seats  arranged  accordingly,  so 
that  timid  people  coming  in  late  would  have  to  go  through  the  ter- 
rible ordeal  of  facing  the  congregation.  But  it  had  one  advantage ; 
it  saved  the  necessity  of  turning  the  head  to  see  the  newcomer. 

But,  like  their  neighbors,  the  Congregationalists,  the  Baptists 
outgrew  their  old  house  of  worship  and  built  the  more  modern  and 
commodious  edifice  on  the  hillside  where  the  residence  of  Capt. 
Thomas  Stow  once  stood.  Here  they  have  worshipped  for  many 
years,  and  will  continue  to  hold  the  fort  in  defense  of  the  faith 
once  delivered  to  the  saints. 

The  military  parades  of  that  daycare  worthy  of  mention.  Armed 
and  equipped  as  the  law  required,  the  valiant  soldiers  would  march 
up  and  down  the  streets  of  the  village,  preceded  by  martial  strains 
of  music  from  fife  and  drums,  and  followed  by  a  crowd  of  young- 
sters to  whom  such  displays  of  military  maneuvers  were  more 
attractive  and  interesting  than  to  those  who  were  affording  them  so 
much  of  amusement  and   recreation.     These   annual   parades  ex- 



empted  those  who  participated  in  them 'from  certain  taxes  and  thus 
compensated  them  for  their  observance  of  the  law. 

Cromwell  can  boast  of  two  institutions  that  were  never  dreamed 
of  by  the  inhabitants  of  Middletown  Upper  Houses :  First,  the 
Savings  Bank.  The  people  at  that  time  were  not,  as  a  rule,  over- 
burdened with  money;  there  were  but  few  exceptions,  and  these 
few  were  under  the  necessity  of  taking  their  surplus  to  Middletown. 
In  those  days  there  was  much  less  danger  of  losing  money  and 
other  valuables  by  midnight  marauders ;  indeed,  such  a  thing  as 
burglary  was  unknown,  and  people  could  retire  for  the  night  with 
the  latch-string  out,  and  sleep  soundly  and  safely,  with  none  to 
molest  or  make  them  afraid.  But  in  these  times  of  Frenzied 
Finance,  when  speculation  and  peculation  are  the  order  of  the  day, 
Savings  Banks  are  indispensable  to  the  protection  and  benefit  of 
the  community. 

The  other  institution  of  which  our  ancestors  never  dreamed  is 
the  Chinese  Laundry.  China  was  a  walled-in  Empire  away  the 
other  side  of  the  planet,  and  it  never  occurred  to  them  that  these 
walls  would  one  day  be  broken  down,  and  the  Chinese  go  swarming 
all  over  the  world.  And  then  alien  laundries  in  rural  districts 
were  unnecessary.  Simplicity  and  economy  in  dress  made  family 
washes  light  compared  with  those  of  the  present  day.  But  the 
great  change  that  has  taken  place  in  the  wardrobes  of  modern 
times  makes  the  laundry  business  boom.  And  the  Celestial  who 
is  plying  his  earthly  profession  in  your  midst  is  one  of  the  best 
of  his  nationality. 

Citizens  of  the  Cromwell  of  to-day :  I  most  heartily  greet  you, 
and  congratulate  you  on  having  in  your  midst  our  enterprising 
friend,  Charles  Collard  Adams.  On  him  you  have  depended  for 
planning  and  executing  this  beautiful  tribute  to  former  distin- 
guished citizens  of  your  town.  This  tablet  shows  how  well  he  has 
accomplished  the  work  you  committed  to  his  hands.  I  can  readily 
understand  that  in  the  performance  of  this  duty  he  has  expe- 
rienced as  much  pleasure  as  his  fellow-citizens  are  now  experi- 
encing in  the  reception  and  contemplation  of  the  finished  work. 
It  marks  a  new  epoch  in  the  history  of  Cromwell.  The  ante- 
cedent period  leading  up  to  it  is  full  of  interesting  events  which 
will  be  indelibly  impressed  on  the  minds  of  the  present  and 
future  generations.  This  tablet  is  a  viewpoint  from  which  we 
may  not  only  look  into  the  past,  but  watch  with  greater  in- 
terest the  unfolding  of  the  future.  It  has  been  said  that  "  it 
is  as  natural  for  a  man  to  wish  for  imperishable  fame  as  for 
an  eternal  existence."  The  author  of  these  words,  Bushnell, 
achieved  for  himself  the  imperishable  fame,  and  long  since  entered 


upon  his  eternal  existence ;  but  Buslmell  Park  will  ever  be  resound- 
ing with  his  praise  by  the  citizens  of  Hartford.  Ordinarily  monu- 
ments are  objects  of  interest  only  to  the  family  to  which  the  de- 
ceased belonged.  In  this  busy  world  of  ours  the  dead  are  soon  for- 
gotten. Yet  there  are  those  whose  lives  are  so  interwoven  with  the 
lives  of  others,  and  specially  prominent  in  public  life,  as  to  merit 
and  receive  such  honors  as  are  now  accorded  to  the  group  whose 
names  are  immortalized  on  these  tablets. 

"  Lives  of  great  men  all  remind  us. 
We  can  make  our  lives  sublime ; 
And,  departing  leave  beliind  us. 
Foot-prints  on  the  sands  of  time." 

The  closing  address  of  the  celebration  was  given  by  the  Rev. 
Edward  Eells,  descendant  of  the  second  pastor,  on 

The  Colonial  Pastor 

Someone  will  ask  "  What  has  this  to  do  with  Bunker  Hill 
Day  ?  "  This  much  can  be  truthfully  said  of  the  pastors  of  our 
colonies,  particularly  in  New  England,  "  They  made  the  men  who 
made  the  fight."  Among  those  heroes  upon  whose  graves  you 
have  placed  your  silken  flags  this  afternoon,  together  with  those 
born  here  in  Upper  Houses  but  buried  in  other  spots  or  left  unbur- 
ied,  hastily  placed  in  a  shallow  and  unmarked  grave  amid  the  stress 
of  marches  and  of  battles  for  our  Country's  freedom,  soldiers  of 
the  War  of  the  Revolution  were  three  sons  of  my  ancestor,  the 
Rev.  Edward  Eells.  They  had  sat  under  his  preaching  from 
babyhood.  He  had  taught  them  their  catechism.  He  had  instilled 
into  their  forming  minds  the  sturdy  sense  of  duty,  of  devotion,  of 
self-sacrifice,  of  high  ideals,  from  which  they  did  not  swerve 
through  eight  years  of  constant  battling.  They  had  few  books, 
no  papers,  no  magazines.  Such  honest  thoughts  as  they  had  they 
got  from  hearing  their  father  in  his  home  and  in  the  pulpit  of  the 
meeting  house  which  stood  on  the  green  only  a  few  rods  south 
of  this  church.    And  as  a  man  thinketh  so  is  he. 

My  parson  ancestor  also  sent  his  own  boys  to  the  battlefield. 
Edward  was  already  in  the  ''  troop  of  horse  "  commanded  by  Capt. 
Comfort  Sage,  when  the  news  of-  Lexington  came,  and  he  started 
the  next  day.  My  pastor  ancestor  was  not  spared  to  go  himself, 
as  did  three  of  his  sons,  for  in  the  autumn  of  1776,  the  birth  year 
of  our  Independence,  he  was  laid  in  yonder  cemetery,  having  said, 
"  Lord,  now  lettest  Thou  Thy  servant  depart  in  peace ;  for  mine 
eyes  have  seen  Thy  salvation." 


We  know  that  his  last  sermons  must  have  rung  with  the  hattle 
cry  of  freedom  while  his  younger  brother,  Nathaniel,  life-long 
pastor  at  Stonington,  was  one  of  the  recruiting  parsons  who  gave 
his  people  from  the  pulpit  the  news  of  Lexington  and  called  on 
them  to  arm  and  fight  for  God  and  liberty.  Then  seizing  the 
musket  which  he  had  with  him  in  the  pulpit  he  sprang  down 
among  his  congregation  crying,  "  Who  will  go  to  the  war  with 

"  A  hundred  hands  flung  up  reply. 
A  hundred  voices  answered,  '  I '." 

And  now  in  parting  we  wish  to  thank  you  again  for  your 
welcome  to  those  who  have  come  to  you  as  partial  strangers  on  a 
sacred  pilgrimage  to  the  resting  place  of  our  ancestors,  worthy  of 
their  honor  and  love.  We  are  strangers  no  longer.  You  have  re- 
ceived us  with  open  hearts;  we  bid  you  good-by  with  hearts  full 
of  grateful  regret.  For  your  kindness  to  the  living,  for  your  faith- 
ful care  of  the  graves  of  the  departed,  for  your  generosity  in  beau- 
tifying their  resting  place,  we  thank  you  and  love  you  more  than 
we  can  tell.  Wlienever  you  send  us  word  we  will  gladly  assemble 
here  again,  from  the  different  quarters  of  our  land;  and  in  the 
meantime  we  leave  to  your  faithful  guardianship  the  graves  which 
hold  our  heroes'  sacred  dust. 

WM.    F.    J.    BOARDMAN 

(See  page   772) 

Walter   Colly er    Faxon^ 
(See  page  66) 

Rev.  William  Forkess 
(See  page  97) 

Daniel   J.   Donahoe 
(See  page  127) 

June  19,  1907 

On  May  1  the  invitation  to,  and  program  of,  the  Fourth  Ee- 
union  of  the  society  was  mailed.  The  day  of  the  reunion  was  fair, 
and  the  program  was  thoroughly  carried  out. 

At  9.30  A.  M.,  on  arrival  of  the  early  trains,  there  was  a  gath- 
ering on  Stocking  Triangle,  and  the  group  was  photographed  by 
Mrs.  Iva  Grover,  who  has  been  official  photographer  to  the  So- 
ciety.    Then  followed  the 

Address  of  Welcome 

Eev.  William  Porkess 

Mr.  Vice  President:  I  count  it  a  great  pleasure  to  have  the 
opportunity  of  giving  the  address  of  welcome  to  those  who  are 
visiting  Cromwell  to-day  in  connection  with  the  Eeunion  of  the 
Society  of  Middletown  Upper  Houses.  There  are  certain  words 
in  our  language  which  seem  to  strike  the  cords  of  oiir  nature 
whenever  they  are  uttered.  One  of  those  words,  I  think,  is  "  Ee- 
union." Many  of  you  to-day  are  taking  each  other  by  the  hand 
and  looking  into  each  other's  faces  for  the  first  time  in  two  years. 
It  may  even  be  longer  than  this.  To  you,  therefore,  the  word  "  Ee- 
union "  arouses  within  your  nature  feelings  of  joy.  The  word, 
however,  not  only  brings  joy,  but  also  sadness.  Some  of  you, 
perhaps,  no  longer  see  the  faces  that  you  saw  at  the  last  gathering. 
Their  work  in  this  world  is  over  and  they  have  been  called  to  a 
superior  world  to  do  a  superior  work.  Therefore,  I  think,  to  the 
intelligent  a  reunion  such  as  this  has  its  mixture  of  joy  and  sad- 
ness. It  also  has  the  effect  of  spurring  us  on  to  do  all  that  is 
within  our  power  for  the  world  in  which  we  live,  remembering  that 
the  longest  life  is  but  short.  Now  the  primary  object  of  this  gather- 
ing to-day,  if  I  rightly  understand  it,  is  to  do  honor  to  the  men 
who  founded  this  town  now  called  Cromwell,  and  also  to  those  who 
were  connected  with  it  in  its  eafly  stages.  Many  to  whom  I  am 
speaking  may  have  the  blood  of  these  men  in  their  veins,  and  to 
you  it  must  be  an  especial  joy  to  be  present  on  this  auspicious 
occasion.  There  are  those  of  us  who  cannot  claim  any  relationship, 
yet  we  are  pleased  to  unite  with  the  descendants  because  we  know 
through  the  records  of  history  we  are  doing  honor  to  men  of  char- 



acter  and  men  who  believed  in  progress.  I  can  never  think  of  the 
men  of  progress  and  of  character  who  have  lived  before  ns  without 
feeling  that  we  are  indebted  to  them — we  have  borrowed  from 
them.  We  often  l)oast  of  being  independent,  but,  really,  when  we 
come  to  go  deeply  into  life  there  is  no  such  thing  as  being  inde- 
pendent. We  have  borrowed  from  preceding  generations,  and  were 
it  not  for  their  spirit  of  progress  and  their  exemplification  of  char- 
acter, which  have  been  handed  down  and  infused  into  present-day 
life  we  should  not  see  the  marks  of  progress  and  of  character 
that  we  do.  This  truth  of  human  nature,  I  believe,  ignores  any 
particular  country;  it  is  too  universal  to  be  confined  to  any  geo- 
graphical limitations.  The  past  has  handed  on  to  the  present,  and 
the  present  is  continually  drawing  from  the  past.  May  I  illustrate 
this?  My  eye  catches  the  date  of  1650,  which  you  see  upon  this 
stone.  That  was  the  time  when  Oliver  Cromwell  was  fighting  for 
the  rights  and  freedom  of  the  people  across  the  Atlantic.  He  did 
not  care  anything  about  being  head  of  England.  Exalted  political 
position  was  a  small  thing  to  him.  He  was,  however,  all  on  fire 
for  the  righteous  claims  of  the  people.  The  spirit  of  such  a  man, 
I  say,  was  the  spirit  of  a  nobleman.  Now,  let  us  jump  257  years, 
and  what  do  you  find  in  this  America  of  to-day?  You  have  in 
your  Chief  Executive  a  man  who  has  the  same  cause  at  heart 
and  the  same  spirit  that  Oliver  Cromwell  had.  May  we  not  des- 
ignate President  Eoosevelt  as  the  Oliver  Cromwell  of  1907?  He 
is  not  working  for  his  own  ends,  but  rather  for  the  rights  and 
freedom  of  the  many  countries  that  are  represented  by  the  teeming 
millions  who  have  flocked  to  this  land.  Let  this  reunion  to-day, 
then,  make  us  think  of  our  indebtedness  to  all  noblemen  of  the 
past,  men  who  have  stood  f'ov  the  highest  type  of  character,  men 
who  have  dared  to  do  the  thing  that  was  right,  never  stopping  for 
one  moment  to  consider  the  consequences,  men  who  have  always 
sought  the  welfare  of  the  masses,  men  who  have  striven  to  honor 
God  and  to  let  the  spirit  of  Jesus  Christ  light  up  their  lives.  Such 
men  have  left  to  the  world  a  lasting  legacy.  Though  dead  they  yet 
speak.  So  as  we  emulate  their  example  can  we  hope  to  have  a 
share  in  leaving  that  mark  of  influence  upon  the  world  which 
can  never  be  erased.  Again,  Mr.  Vice  President,  let  me  express 
the  great  pleasure  it  gives  me  to  make  the  address  of  welcome  to 
you  on  this  Eeunion  Day. 

The    response    was    given   by   the    Vice    President,    Mr.    John 
Goodhue  Eanney,  as  follows : 

After  listening  to  the  warm  words  of  welcome  expressed  for 


United  States  Survey  Map  of  Ckoaiweli,  in  1900 
AB,  AD.  BC  Original  Streets  of  1650 


us,  the  representatives  of  the  different  "clans,"  descendants  of 
"  The  Middletown  Upper  Houses,"  I  rise  to  thank  you  citizens 
of  Cromwell,  and  the  speaker  who  has  so  ably  voiced  your  greet- 
ings to  us :  And  I  see  gathered  about  this  tablet  to  "  Founders, 
Fathers,  and  Patriots"  men  of  labor  and  men  of  thought,  who 
with  reverent  hearts  draw  near  and  stand  beside  the  names  of  men 
who  fought  to  build  and  bless  this  pleasant  land. 

They,  too,  were  men  of  toil  and  thought, 
,  The  noblest  that  their  age  could  give. 

Their  names  are  with  our  historj'  wrought ; 
They  cannot  die,  and  memory  live. 

And  now  again,  in  behalf  of  the  members  here  assembled,  and 
also  in  the  behalf  of  those  absent  ones  of  our  "  clans  "  whoso  hearts 
are  with  us,  I  thank  you. 

A  pilgrimage  was  then  made  to  the  streets  of  1650,  where  the 
first  comers  settled,  thence  to  the  "  Church  Green,"  where  the 
first  schoolhouse  before  1713,  'the  first  church  of  1715,  and  the 
second  church  of  1738  had  been  erected;  thence  to  the  cemetery 
of  1713,  where  the  visitors  found  over  thirty  graves  of  Revolu- " 
tionary  soldiers,  each  marked  with  a  Betsy  Eoss  flag  and  a  bronze 
marker  donated  by  the  Connecticut  Society  of  the  Sons  of  the 
American  Eevolution,  the  pastors'  graves  marked  with  a  flag, 
while  many  of  the  early  graves  were  designated  by  large  flags. 
The  Secretary-Treasurer  assisted  in  pointing  out  the  graves  of 
prominent  ancestors  of  the  various  clans  present. 

At  noon  the  business  meeting  was  held  in  the  Baptist  Church, 
President  Frank  Langdon  Wilcox  presiding.  The  Secretary-Treas- 
urer read  his  report  for  the  two  years,  which  was  approved  and 
accepted  with  a  vote  of  thanks.  The  election  of  officers  resulted 
as  follows : 

President,  Hon.  Frank  Langdon  Wilcox,  Berlin,  Conn. 

Vice  Presidents:  Eev.  James  Eiley  Johnson,  D.  D.,  Nyack. 
N.  Y. ;  Rev.  Francis  Goodwin,  D.  D.,  Hartford,  Conn.;  Wm. 
Pierrepont  White.  Utica,  N".  Y. ;  Edgar  Jared  Doolittle,  Meriden, 
Conn.;  Zenas  Edwards  Eanney,  Middletown,  Conn.;  John  Keyes 
Williams,  Hartford,  Conn.;  John  Hall  Sage,  Portland,  Conn.; 
Charles  Eben  Jackson.  Middletown,  Conn.;  Frederick  Butler 
Wightman,  New  Eochelle,  N.  Y. ;  Geo.  H.  Blanden,  Springfield, 
Mass.;    Geo.  Washburn  Stocking,  Sisterville,  W.  Va. 

Secretary-Treasurer,  Charles  Collard  Adams,  M.  A.,  Cromwell, 

Executive  Committee:  The  President;  Charles  Henry  Stanton, 
Clinton,    N".    Y. ;     Ebenezer    Goodhue    Ranney,    Homer,    N.    Y. ; 


Arthur    Boardman,    Cromwell,    Conn.;    John    Goodhue    "Ranney, 
Syracuse,  IST.  Y. 

The  Executive  Committee  was  empowered  to  transact  the  busi- 
ness of  the  Society. 

Dinner  followed,  having  been  prepared  in  the  church  parlors 
by  the  Baptist  choir  who  were  assisted  by  their  friends,  ninety- 
five  families  in  all  being  represented  by  the  gifts  on  the  table. 
Grace  was  said  by  the  Eev.  D.  B.  Hubbard,  pastor  of  the  Third 
Congregational  Church  of  Middletown. 

Public  Exercises 

These  were  held  in  the  church  at  2  p.  m.,  and  were  as  follows : 

Doxology,  The  Congregation. 

Prayer,  The  Rev.  Charles  Wightman. 

President's  Address,  The  Hon.  P.  L.  Wilcox,  M.  A. 

"  Asher  Riley  and  His  Tribe,"  The  Rev.  James  Riley  Johnson,  D.  D. 

Solo,  Mrs.  William  Porkess. 

"  Armorials  of  Our  Ancestors."  Mrs.  Charles  Ernest  Cameron. 

"Example  of  Capt.  Nathaniel  White,"  The  Hon.  W.  J.  Barber. 

Solo,  Mrs.  William  Porkess. 

"  The  Rev.   Samuel  Johnson,  D.   D.,   First   President  of  King's 

College,"  Charles  Collard  Adams,  M.  A. 

"  The  Builders  " — A  Poem,  The  Hon.  Daniel  J.  Donahoe. 

"  Some    Early    Cromwell    Preachers,"    The    Rev.    Percy    Butler 


Hymn,  Blest  be  the  Tie  That  Binds. 

Benediction,  Rev.  Dr.  Johnson. 

The  addresses  follow  in  the  order  of  delivery : 

President's  Address 

The  Hon.  Frank  Langdon  Wilcox,  M.  A. 

In  the  years  of  long  ago,  from  the  thunderings  and  clouds 
of  Mt.  Sinai,  was  given  to  man  the  noblest  code  of  laws  that  was 
ever  submitted  for  the  government  of  the  human  race.  Centuries 
have  rolled  along,  nations  have  risen  and  fallen,  the  divine  in- 
tellect of  man  has  molded  and  advanced  our  views,  progress  and 
development  have  encircled  the  world,  until  we  are  all  one  family 
in  daily  communication  one  with  another.  We  now  understand 
things  that  once  were  unfathomable  mysteries,  and  not  conceiv- 


able  in  the  highest  flights  of  fancy.  Yes,  since  the  days  of  the 
wandering  Israelites  in  the  wilderness  of  Arabia,  changes,  great 
changes,  have  come  to  the  sons  of  men.  Yet  no  man  has  suc- 
cessfully undertaken  to  better,  by  omission  or  addition,  a  single 
one  of  those  ten  stone-graven  principles.  One  of  those  tried  and* 
proven  bases  for  human  conduct  is  that  we  shall  "  Honor  our 
fathers  and  mothers,  that  our  days  may  be  long  in  the  land 
which  the  Lord  our  God  has  given  us."  Eeligiously,  sentimen- 
tally, and  practically,  this  appeals  to  us  as  right.  We  are  creatures 
of  environment,  but  more,  we  are  aifected  by  the  laws  of  heredity. 
Personally  our  natures,  dispositions,  and  possessions  come  from 
our  forebears,  but  our  larger  testamentary  bequests  are  the  be- 
neficent joys  of  a  safe  and  sane  life  in  a  country  made  great  and 
filled  with  possibilities  by  generations  of  men  who  have  lived, 
loved,  sacrificed,  and  died,  that  our  heritage  might  be  priceless 
and  beyond  the  power  of  words  to  describe.  Thou  shalt  "  Honor 
thy  father  and  thy  mother."  It  is  in  the  desire  to  "  Honor  " 
them  that  the  Society  of  Middletown  Upper  Houses  has  its  be- 
ing, and  the  only  claim  that  can  rightly  call  you  here  to-day  from 
I  know  not  how  many  States  of  this  Union.  We  Honor  them 
when  we  seek  to  know  the  principles  upon  which  they  governed 
their  lives,  and  strive  to  find  the  impelling  force  which  enabled 
them  to  perform  deeds  of  nation  building.  We  Honor  them  if 
their  lives  inspire  us  to  better  and  less  selfish  purposes — for  they 
do  affect  our  characters.  Soul  upon  soul,  and  life  upon  life  in- 
fluences us  in  a  mysterious  way.  The  influence  of  our  daily  com- 
panions upon  us  is  a  recognized  force,  and  the  impress  of  the 
lives  of  those  who  lived  years  ago  is  but  little  potent.  We  all 
were  affected  by  the  words  and  scenes  at  the  death  bed  of  our  late 
martyred  President  McKinley,  but  who  has  not  been  equally 
touched  by  the  picture  of  General  Washington,  during  the  dark 
days  of  the  Eevolution,  praying  in  the  snow  beneath  the  trees 
at  Valley  Forge!  !  A  real  acquaintance  with  some  people  is  like 
April  showers  upon  the  brown,  dead  sod  of  winter,  or  like  the 
sun  upon  the  blossoming  earth  about  us.  It  brings  out  all  the 
sweetness  and  beauty  of  life.  If  we  discover  that  our  fathers 
and  mothers  were  made  brave,  virtuous,  patriotic,  law  abiding, 
and  home  builders  by  the  "  Little  Eed  Schoolhouse  on  the  hill 
and  the  meeting  house  hard  by  it."  and  by  the  faithful  attendance 
upon  town  meetings;  if  we  find  that  these  three  influences  were 
the  first  established  in  the  comjuunity,  and  were  the  most  re- 
spected forces  recognized  for  the  guidance  of  their  lives,  then 
we  would  do  well  to  direct  our  steps  in  those  same  paths,  that 
patterning  after  the  past,  we  may  have  for  our  posterity  a  similar 


record    of    accomplishments,    and    they    a    like    respect    for   their 

I  think  the  object  of  the  Society  of  Middletown  Upper  Houses 
may  be  summarized  as  in  the  words  of  an  address  at  a  meeting 
of  the  Connecticut  Society  of  the  Order  of  the  Pounders  and 
Patriots  of  America  on  August  6,  1898 : 

"  To  have  reverent  regard  for  the  names,  characters,  his- 
tory, and  heroism  of  the  founders  of  this  country  and  their 
Patriotic  Descendants. 

"  To  commemorate  and  celebrate  events  in  the  history  of 
the  .colonies  and  of  the  Republic. 

"  To  inculcate  patriotism  in  the  associates  and  their  de- 

"  To  secure  these  ends  by  bringing  together  men  and 
women  whose  ancestors  struggled  together  for  life  and  liberty, 
home  and  happiness  in  this  land." 

Yes,  it  is  a  delightful  faculty  of  our  nature  that  permits  our 
thoughts,  our  sympathies,  and  our  happiness  to  build  upon  the 
past,  and  to  reach  out  into  the  future.  Daniel  Webster  said: 
"  We  live  in  the  past  by  a  knowledge  of  its  history,  and  in  the 
future  by  hope  and  anticipation." 

Other  associations  meet  here  and  there  by  invitation,  by  fa- 
voring circumstances,  or  rotation,  but  this  society  has  always  held 
their  reunions  at  this  early  home  of  their  ancestors.  We,  too, 
would  cultivate  the  feeling  of  home  here,  and  feel  that  we  are 
on  the  spot  where  the  first  scene  of  our  history  was  laid;  where 
the  hearth  and  altars  of  New  England  were  first  placed.  We 
look  around  us,  and  behold  the  flowing  river,  the  hills,  and  fertile 
lands  that  gladdened  the  eyes  of  our  Fathers.  How  beautiful 
it  looked  in  those  early  days  of  the  country  can  be  gained  from 
John  Adams,  who  wrote  in  1771,  while  traveling  by  horseback 
through  this  valley,  "  The  Connecticut  Valley  was  the  finest  ride 
in  America.  Nothing  can  exceed  the  beauty  and  fertility  of  the 
country.  [Note  this]  Middletown,  I  think,  is  the  most  beautiful 
of  all."  Dr.  Timothy  Dwight,  President  of  Yale  College,  in 
September,  1796,  thus  described  the  scenery  as  he  looked  upon 
it  from  the  southward :  "  Immediately  north  of  the  city,  lies  an 
extensive  interval  through  which  runs  a  large  mill  stream.  Be- 
yond it,  a  distance  of  three  miles,  appears  in  full  view  on  the 
southern  declivity  of  a  fine  eminence,  the  handsome  village  called 
'  The  Upper   Houses.' "     A   few   days   later   Dr.   Dwight   passed 


through  it,  and  thus- described  his  impression:  "The  parish, 
called  Upper  Houses,  is  a  beautiful  tract  of  fertile  land.  The 
village  which  bears  this  name,  and  contains  a  considerable  part 
of  the  inhabitants,  is  a  thrifty  settlement  on  the  southern  de- 
clivity of  a  beautiful  hill.  The  houses,  about  eighty  in  number, 
are  generally  well  built,  and  the  whole  place  wears  an  air  of 
sprightness  and  prosperity.  An  advantageous  trade  is  carried  on 
by  the  inhabitants,  particularly  with  the  West  Indies." 

A  delightful  story  of  the  early  days  of  Cromwell  could  be  writ- 
ten, and,  in  fact,  was  written  in  1880  by  the  Rev.  M.  S.  Dudley, 
but  I  will  only  ask  your  attention  for  a  few  moments  to  a  brief 
description  of  the  land  map  of  the  original  proprietors  of  Mid- 
dletown  Upper  Houses,  that  has  often  appeared  in  our  publications, 
and  which  appears  on  page  6  of  this  volume. 

Traveling  by  land  from  Hartford  to  New  Haven,  Guilford,  and 
other  settlements  on  the  Sound,  or  by  water  to  Saybrook,  Matta- 
beseeke,  Middletown  Upper  Houses  early  attracted  attention.  The 
town  meeting  records  extant  begin  in  1652;  the  land  grants 
were  first  recorded  in  1654  to —  "Whereon  his  house  standeth," 
showing  thev  were  already  established  in  their  houses.  The  first 
to  come  to  Upper  Houses,  1650  or  1651,  were  Nathaniel  White, 
Samuel  Stocking,  George  Graves,  Eobert  Webster,  Joseph  Smith, 
Matthias  Treat,  John  Savage,  and  William  Blomfield. 

Blomfield  had  served  in  1637  against  the  Indians,  and  about 
1655  left  the  Upper  Houses.  Webster,  son  of  Governor  John,  and 
ancestor  of  Noah  Webster,  became  "  recorder  "  in  1654,  but  re- 
turned about  1659  to  Hartford,  as  did  George  Grave.  Both  were 
eminent  in  founding  the  "  South  Church  "  of  Hartford.  Smith 
and  Treat  returned  to  Stepney,  now  Eocky  Hill.  John-  Wilcox 
bought  the  Smith  and  Treat  homesteads,  but  soon  sold  them  to 
Samuel  Hall  who  was  his  cousin.  He,  Wilcox,  settled  in  Mas- 
sachusetts for  a  few  years,  but  returned  to  Upper  Houses  and 
brought  a  part  of  the*  Thomas  Hubbard  place.  Thomas  Eannev 
took  the  Grave  homestead,  and  John-  Warner  (Andrew^)  took 
the  Webster  place. 

White  was  on  the  north  side  of  the  street  running  from  Stock- 
ing Triangle  to  the  river.  Stocking  owned  on  both  sides  of  the 
street  known  as  Pleasant,  his  land  extending  from  the  river 
westward  beyond  Stocking  Triangle,  which  was  his  property.  A 
few  years  later  came  John  Kirby  on  the  west  side  of  Pleasant 
Street,  next  south  of  Stocking;  then  came  David  Sage,  John 
Wilcox,  and  Thomas  Hubbard,  while  on  the  south  side  of  "  South 
Street"  was  John  Savage  and  Anthony  Martin.  Hubbard  died 
in  1671,  and  John  Clark,  marrying  Elizabeth-  White  (Nathaniel), 


became  the  owner  of  the  south  half,  while  John  Wilcox  owned  the 
north  half   of  the  Hubbard  grant. 

The  original  layout  must  have  been  done  with  a  knowledge 
of  freshet  conditions;  for  the  land  north  of  White's  strip  and 
the  land  south  of  Savage  and  Martin  and  Blomfield  are  covered 
by  spring  freshets.  West  of  the  homesteads  is  a  small  stream, 
known  in  early  days  as  "  Wilcox  Brook  "  bordered  by  swamp  land, 
so  that  the  entire  settlement  was  of  the  nature  of  an  island,  which 
it  really  was  on  May  4,  1854,  when  the  Holyoke,  Mass.,  dam 
gave  way. 

Samuel  Stocking  had  land  nearly  opposite  this  (Baptist)  church, 
and  gave  it  to  his  daughter,  Bethiah,  who  married  Thomas  Stow. 
The  land  on  which  this  (Baptist)  church  stands  was  allotted  to 
John  Wilcox,  and  on  it  he  established  his  son  Samuel.  In  1695 
this  grant  was  confirmed  by  town  vote  to  Samuel,  and  a  few  rods 
back  of  this  spot  was  born  Daniel  Wilcox  who,  in  the  great  dis- 
tribution of  the  "  Northwest  quarter  "  now  known  as  Bast  Ber- 
lin, acquired  nearly  a  square  mile,  and  in  due  time  divided  it 
among  his  fourteen  children,  giving  them  each  a  house,  barn,  and 
farm.     My  father  was  born  and  lived  on  one  of  them. 

We  have  now,  in  1780.  White,  Stocking,  Eanney,  Warner,  Hall, 
Savage,  Martin,  Kirby,  Sage,  Wilcox,  and  Clark  living  on  the 
"  Original  Layout,"  while  some  of  the  children  had  married  and 
had  settled  on  land  up  this  street  towards  Hartford,  and  on  either 
side  of  it.  In  1687  Edward  Shepard  was  given  land  next  north 
of  this  "Samuel  Wilcox  homestead,"'  having  married  Abigail 

In  1703  a  "  North  Church  Society  "  was  incorporated  by  the 
General  Assembly,  the  Warner  "  homestead  "  was  bought  for  the 
"  Society,"  and  Eev.  David  Deming  for  a  few  years,  and  then 
Rev.  Joseph  Smith  occupied  it,  holding  services  and  being  paid 
by  a  tax  "  rate  "  on  each  family.  On  January  6,  1715  (new  style), 
Mr.  Smith  was  instituted,  and  the  church  originated.  At  this  time 
hardly  a  name  other  than  those  I  have  recited  above  had  come 
into  the  "  Upper  Houses."  All  the  original  settlers  had  died, 
while  Clark  and  Stow  survived.  The  cemetery  was  laid  out  in 
January,  1713,  and  Thomas  Eanney  died  January  31,  1713,  and 
his  stone  would  indicate  that  his  was  the  first  burial.  f 

Let  me  now  sketch  as  briefly  as  I  may,  an  account  of  the 
beginnings  of  our  Society,  and  some  of  the  things  we  have  ac- 

In  1711,  and  two  weeks  before  his  death  at  eighty-two,  Na- 
thaniel White,  who  had  represented  the  town  of  Middletown  in 
the  Great  and  General  Court  for  forty-two  and  one-half  years,  and 


who  had  led  in  the  contest  to  have  the  Upper  Houses  receive  their 
share  of  the  town's  school  tax  money,  and  had  succeeded  by  the 
action  of  this  court  in  1709,  made  his  will  giving  one-fourth  of 
his  interest  in  the  common  and  undivided  land  of  the  town  to  the 
"  Schools  already  established."  These  were  the  "  Town  SchooJ," 
whose  schoolhouse  stood  in  the  middle  of  the  Main  Street  of  Mid- 
dletown,  and  the  school  in  the  Upper  Houses.  This  schoolhouse 
undoubtedly  stood  on  the  green  south  of  the  Baptist  Church  in 
which  we  are  now  assembled. 

The  district  system  prevailed  here  until  1901,  when  the  Legis- 
lature gave  permission  to  issue  bonds  for  the  erection  of  a  fine 
edifice.  The  name,  "  The  Nathaniel  White  Public  School."  chosen 
by  unanimous  vote  of  the  town  on  January  6,  1903,  had  been 
suggested  by  Mr.  Adams,  who  had  devoted  much  time  to  a  study 
of  local  historv  including  that  of  the  Patriots  of  1776.  In  1902 
he  obtained  from  the  Connecticut  Society  of  the  Sons  of  the 
American  Eevolution  bronze  markers,  about  thirty  in  number,  for 
those  patriots  whose  graves  here  are  marked  with  a  stone,  and 
at  the  same  time  he  planned  to  have  a  reunion  on  Bunker  Hill 
Day  of  descendants  of  the  early  families,  but  deferred  his  plan 
till  1903.  On  Bunker  Hill  Day,  1903.  a  reunion,  mostly  of  the 
Ranney  clan  was  held,  and  a  boulder  was  dedicated  to  the  Pa- 
triots "of  '76,  born  here,  but  buried  elsewhere,  some  on  the  battle- 
fields, some  from  the  prison  ships,  some  from  hospitals,  while 
others  had  survived  and  removed  to  other  settlements.  So  that 
every  patriot  credited  with  a  birth  in  the  Upper  Houses  was 
honored  bv  this  boulder,  which,  in  the  distant  past,  an  iceberg 
or  glacier 'had  dropped  on  the  land  which  became  the  homestead 
of  John  Kirby.  This  boulder  had  been  placed  outside  the  old 
cemetery  grounds.  Children  carrying  flags  stood  about  it  and 
were  photographed,  and  some  recited.  From  the  platform,  erected 
near  bv,  addresses  were  made  by  various  ones,  and  a  photograph 
was  taken  of  some  fifty  persons" grouped  about  the  headstone  and 
granite  block  at  the  grave  of  Thomas  Eanney,  the  only  Founder 
who  lived  to  see  a  cemetery  laid  out  in  the  tipper  Houses.  The 
granite  rock  which  rests  on  his  grave  had  been  a  part  of  a  huge 
glacier  of  which  he  had  been  the  first  white  owner,  and  which 
had  been  brought  from  "Timber  Hill"  of  which  he  had  been 
the  first  "  proprietor."  Here  the  Eanney  Memorial  and  His- 
torical Association  was  founded,  with  Mr.  E.  B.  Eanney  of  New 
Castle,  Penn.,  as  president,  he  having  suggested  the  formation 
•of  such  an  association  in  a  letter  which  had  a  substantial  cash 
gift  in  it,  as  an  earnest  of  his  interest,  and  with  Mr.  S.  0.  Ean- 
ney and  Mr.  C.  K.  Eanney  as  vice  presidents. 


In  1904,  on  Bunker  Hill  Day,  a  much  larger  celebration  was 
held,  and  the  mortar  and  shells  were  added  to  the  memorial  to 
the  Patriots  of  '76.  Mansfield  Post,  No.  53,  G.  A.  E.,  and  its 
Women's  Eelief  Corps,  with  the  Post's  Drimi  Corps,  made  up  from 
its  veteran  members,  about  one  hundred  in  all,  and  about  two 
hundred  children,  led  the  descendants  in  the  procession  to  the 
cemetery  where  the  mortar  and  shells  were  unveiled  by  two  misses, 
one  of  whom  was  descended  from  four  patriot^  buried  here. 
Honors  were  paid  to  the  dead  heroes.  Eeturning  to  the  Baptist 
Church,  exercises  were  held,  and  addresses  were  made  by  a  num- 
ber. It  was  decided  to  change  the  name  to  "  The  Society  of 
Middletown  Upper  Houses,"  as  the  Eanney  name  gave  the  im- 
pression that  the  association  was  only  for  descendants  of  Thomas 

In  1905  we  met  on  July  19,  with  the  thermometer  at  94°. 
You  know  just  what  we  did  that  day,  including  the  incorporating 
of  the  Society,  and  making  as  charter  members  everyone  who  had 
at  any  time  contributed  at  least  one  dollar. 

At  each  of  these  reunions  tables  were  spread  in  Briggs  Hall,  and 
the  ladies  of  Cromwell  provided  a  dinner,  receiving  only  our 
thanks  for  what  labor  they  had  experienced  to  make  our  home  com- 
ing a  hearty  "  Welcome." 

But  so  hearty  had  been  the  courtesy  of  the  pastors  and  people 
of  this  church  in  opening  its  doors  to  us,  that  it  occurred  to  a 
few  that  electric  lights  would  properly  express  our  appreciation 
of  this  courtesy,  and  so  electricity  has  been  the  Baptist  "  Standard  " 
since  then.  This  year  the  ladies  of  the  Baptist  Choir  and  their 
friends  undertook  to  prepare  the  feast  of  fat  things  for  our  wel- 
come, and  we  recognized  this  hospitality  by  decreeing  that  they 
should  be  the  beneficiaries  of  our  price  of  admission  to  their  board 
and  generosity. 

Those  who  were  here  in  1905  saw  the  memorial  to  the  Patriots 
located  near  the  cemetery,  while  the  granite  and  bronze  memorial 
to  the  Founders,  Fathers,  and  Pastors  was  on  "  Stocking  Tri- 
angle." To-day  they  have  been  seen  side  by  side  on  "  Stocking 
Triangle,"  and  their  silence  speaks  to  every  passer-by.  These 
Fathers,  Founders,  Pastors,  and  Patriots  "  Being  dead  yet  speak." 

To  honor  the  "  Church  Green  "  for  the  uses  to  which  it  was 
put  to  in  early  days  our  Society  has  set  out  twenty-one  maple 
trees,  and  may  the  days  to  come  witness  our  children  and  grand- 
children gathering  beneath  their  shade. 

Our  Society  is  supported  by  voluntary  contributors,  etc.,  but 
we  have  a  system  of  creating  Life  Membership  and  our  Certificate 
seeks  to  honor  all  our  ancestors  through  its  various  features,  etc. 


Our  sixteen  page  pamphlet,  issued  May  1,  tells  our  condition 
at  the  time  of  its  issue. 

There  has  also  been  completed,  and  is  now  in  course  of  publica- 
tion by  the  well-known  genealogical  Grafton  Press  of  New  York, 
a  book  of  the  several  clans  that  settled  Middletown  Upper  Houses, 
This  is  mainly  the  work  of  our  efficient  secretary,  Mr,  Charles 
Collard  Adams.  He  has  labored  with  some  considerable  co-opera- 
tion from  many,  yet  in  the  face  of  great  indifference  and  lukewarm- 
ness  from  others  who  should  have  felt  honored  to  assist  in  such 
a  meritorious  object.  The  edition  is  limited.  Every  family  of 
the  descendants  of  our  worthy  ancestors  should  have  a  copy  of  the 
book  for  their  own  use,  and  as  a  family  record  for  their  children. 

In  conclusion,  I  apologize  for  the  length  to  which  I  have  run 
in  addressing  you.  Probably  my  interest  in  my  subject  has  over- 
topped a  better  judgment.  The  Society  has  an  honorable  record 
up  to  date.  May  it  go  on  to  greater  honors,  and  may  our  days 
indeed  "  Be  long  in  the  land  which  has  been  given  to  us." 


The  Rev.  James  Riley  Johnson,  D.  D. 

The  family  Bibles  of  early  settlers,  in  New  England,  were 
alike  counted  sacred  as  records  of  religion  and  family  names. 
In  the  old  Asher  Riley  Bible,  now  in  my  possession,  it  is  written 
that,  "  Asher  Riley  and  Rebecca  Sage  were  married  in  a.  d.  1773," 
and  the  birthday  and  name  of  each  of  their  thirteen  children  are 
supplemented.  That  Rebecca  Sage  was  my  maternal  grandmother, 
and  a  sister  of  Russell  Sage's  paternal  grandfather,  therefore,  Rus- 
sell Sage  and  I  were  second  cousins,  he  being,  my  senior,  by  birth, 
one  and  a  half  years,  and  sixty  million  dollars  in  advance  of  me 
financially  at  death !  The  fourth  child  of  Asher  Riley  and  Rebecca 
Sage  was  James,  who  grew  to  stalwart  manhood  in  the  section 
of  his  birthplace.  Here  he  married,  and  four  children  were  added 
to  his  home.  He  worked  his  way  into  the  seafaring  business,  and 
sailed,  commander  of  his  own  vessel,  between  New  York  and 
foreign  ports.  Outward  bound  he  was  storm-wrecked  on  tihe 
barren  coast  of  Africa,  losing  his  ship  and  cargo.  He  and  his 
crew  were  seized  as  slaves  by  wild  Arabs  and  horribly  treated  for 
two  years.  Ransomed  by  a  noble  ^English  officer,  William  Will- 
shire,  he  returned  to  New  York,  broken  in  health  and  fortune. 
He  wrote  his  "  Narrative  "  of  slavery  in  Africa  in  1817,  which 
was  published  here  and  in  England,  and  widely  read  here  and 
abroad.  Captain  Riley  then  abandoned  marine  business,  went  out 
to  northwestern  Ohio,  entered  a  section  of  wild  land,  laid  out  the 


village  of  Willshire,  built  a  mill,  surveyed  lands,  was  elected  to 
the  Staate  Legislature,  and  was  a  stirring  man  until  his  health  was 
impaired  by  the  damp  climate.  He  moved  back  to  New  York 
City,  regained  health,  and  returned  to  sea  life  between  New  York 
and  the  West  Indies.  In  an  out-bound  trip  as  commander  of  his 
commercial  freighted  vessel  he  died,  and  was  buried  at  sea,  near 
the  Isle  of  St.  Thomas,  in  1840. 

The  family  of  Captain  Riley  inherited  much  of  his  mental 
power  and  natural  aptitudes.  His  son,  James  Watson,  has  sons, 
now  active  bankers  in  Ohio,  and  his  daughters,  Mrs.  Ashley  in 
Denver,  Colo.,  and  Mrs.  Hodder  in  Boston,  Mass.,  are  cultured 
and  refined  women.  His  other  son,  William  Willshire,  left  no 

The  descendants  of  the  other  sons  and  daughters  of  the  Rileys, 
so  far  as  I  have  known,  have  been  worthy  without  exception. 
Some  families  are  widely  scattered  through  the  States,  some  may 
try  still  to  honor  New  York  City;  and  if  the  average  citizens  of 
Worcester,  Mass.,  equal  those  toned  with  the  blood,  nobility,  social 
instincts,  and  graces  of  the  "  Riley  colony  on  and  about  Bigelow 
Hill,"  that  city  must  be  a  second  Paradise! 

The  only  pre-eminent  Riley  of  our  family  stock  was  the  late 
Right  Rev.  Doctor  Henry  Chauncey  Riley,  D.  D.,  LL.  D.,  Bishop 
of  Mexico  for  thirty  years,  who  died  there  in  1904,  He  was  born 
in  Chile,  1834,  educated  in  Spanish  until  seventeen,  then  en- 
tered Columbia  University,  N.  Y.,  and  was  graduated,  studied  more 
in  England,  saw  the  Holy  Land,  and  soon  after  commenced  his 
Episcopal  ministry  in  Mexico  City.  Mexico,  by  revolution,  became 
a  republic.  Church  and  state  were  then  separated,  and  some  church 
properties  were  confiscated  and  sold  at  auction.  Dr.  Riley  bought 
the  "  Church  of  Jesus."  When  he  took  possession  of  it,  one  wing 
was  occupied  as  a  stable,  the  other  by  a  circus,  and  the  main  body 
by  rubbish.  He  put  the  property  in  order,  and  soon  had  a  hearing 
by  the  multitude.  He  organized  forty  missions,  with  native 
leaders.  Sixteen  years  ago  he  visited  me  in  Nyack,  and  lectured 
on  Mexico.  He  was  a  splendid  specimen  as  a  man,  refined  and 
gifted  as  an  orator,  and  spent  his  fortune  of  $300,000,  and  died 
poor.  We  embraced  lovingly  when  he  left  me  to  return,  and  died 
in  Mexico. 

The  early  families  of  Sages,  Montagues,  Savages,  Ranneys,  and 
Johnsons  did  much  to  give  form  and  history  to  old  Connecticut, 
Some  branches  moved  west  to  gain  the  advantages  of  new  lands. 
My  parents  were  of  this  adventurous  class,  moving  from  here  to 
Mount  Vernon,  Ohio,  where  I  was  born.  January  30,  1818.  I 
am  bound  by  blood  and  historic  environment  to  Rev,  Dr.  Samuel 

A.  M.  Ward  and  Wife.  Delia  Bidwell 

(See   page   605) 

Ward  Griswold  Cameron 
(See  page  606) 


Johnson  and  his  son,  William  Samuel  Johnson  of  Connecticut, 
successive  presidents  of  the  then  "  Kings  College,"  in  New  York, 
now  Columbia  University;  to  Eev.  Joseph  H.  Johnson,  Episcopal 
Bishop  of  Los  Angeles,  California,  relative;  and  Dr.  Eiley,  late 
Bishop  of  Mexico,  and  the  late  financial  Russell  Sage,  whose  body 
sleeps  in  a  steel  encasement,  and  dear  ones  living.  Yet,  in  hope 
and  sympathy,  my  country  is  the  world,  and  my  kindred  are  all 

As  for  my  own  personality,  you  can  know  but  little.  I  have 
been  in  the  ministry  sixty-five  years,  have  been  on  school  boards 
twenty  years,  have  been  a  legislator  in  Massachusetts,  a  lecturer 
for  the  Maryland  Institute  in  Baltimore,  have  built  churches, 
begged  for  colleges  and  charities,  have  been  active  in  reforms, 
in  lodges  of  the  humanities,  have  voted  at  every  presidential  elec- 
tion from  1840,  have  heard  the  church  bells  toll  for  all  of  our 
departed  presidents  but  General  George  Washington,  have  two 
daughters,  one  son,  four  grandchildren,  have  noted  our  national 
growth  from  ten  to  eighty  millions,  and  yet  keenly  love  and  live. 

Armoeials  of  Our  Ancestors 
Mabel  Ward  Cameron  (Mrs.  Charles  Ernest  Cameron) 

In  every  age,  from  prehistoric  to  the  present  time,  symbolism 
has  entered  largely  into  the  life  of  the  world's  inhabitants.  Nearly 
all  objects  found  in  nature  have  been  incorporated  at  some  period 
in  the  distinguishing  marks  of  individuals  or  communities.  Ac- 
cording to  the  Biblical  story  Jacob  gave  to  each  of  his  children 
marks  of  distinction,  as  to  Judah,  a  lion;  the  eagle  was  the 
symbol  of  the  Romans,  an  owl  of  the  Athenians;  clan  badges 
have  been  taken  from  native  shrubs  and  flowers,  while  the  bear,  the 
turtle,  and  other  animals  distinguished  tribes  of  North  American 

But  although  the  desire  for  distinction  has  always  been  an 
attribute  of  the  human  mind,  it  is  difficult  to  assign  the  exact 
period  at  which  this  desire,  expressed  in  an  individual  cognizance, 
took  the  form  of  armorial  ornament.  Although  the  symbols  used 
from  remote  periods  of  history  were  the  precursors  of  the  system 
of  heraldry,  the  science  as  known  to  us  was  not  organized  as  a 
reward  of  merit  and  with  hereditary  features  until  about  the 
middle  of  the  thirteenth  century. 

The  crusades  undoubtedly  aided  this  development  as  a  means 
of  distinction  between  individuals  and  nations,  yet  their  actual 
effect  in  regard  to  organization  has  undoubtedly  been  overesti- 
mated.    The  importance   of  the  system  in  connection  with  the 


tournament,  as  well  as  with  actual  warfare,  was  early  apparent, 
and,  during  the  age  of  chivalry,  strict  rules  were  formulated. 
Officers,  or  heralds,  were  appointed  whose  business  it  was  not  only 
to  emblazon  coats-of-arms  and  arrange  the  details  of  the  joust, 
but  to  attend  to  everything  connected  with  real  warfare. 

Arms  were  assumed  at  will,  but,  if  a  man  presumed  to  use  those 
pre-empted  by  another,  the  one  with  prior  claim  sought  means  of 
redress  exactly  as  if  other  valuable  property  had  been  stolen. 
However,  the  use  of  armorials  was  not  really  properly  regulated 
until  1483,  when  the  heralds,  forming  into  a  society,  were  in- 
corporated by  charter.  In  them  was  vested  the  power  to  grant 
arms  to  persons  of  newly  acquired  consequence,  for  arms  were 
now  looked  upon  as  marks  of  gentility,  rather  than  as  warlike 
emblems.  With  the  development  of  military  science  and  the 
formation  of  a  standing  army,  the  decline  of  heraldry  was  rapid. 
By  the  beginning  of  the  sixteenth  century  it  was  already  passing 
into  the  so-called  "  paper  stage/' 

Although  the  application  of  armorials  to-day  can  only  be  con- 
sidered from  the  standpoint  of  this  "  paper  stage,"  and  for  mod- 
ern individuals  their  use  is  restricted  to  mere  marks  of  gentility, 
yet,  in  order  that  no  blunders  be  made  by  either  men  or  women 
in  using  them,  it  is  advisable  to  study  their  evolution,  and  consider 
the  practical  application  of  the  various  parts  of  an  armorial 
achievement  during  the  period  of  actuality.  The  pictorial  rep- 
resentation is  called  an  "  achievement-at-arms,"  because  by  knightly 
deeds  the  honor  of  arms  was  achieved. 

In  the  analysis  of  an  achievement  the  shield  is  the  most  im- 
portant object.  When  pictured,  in  heraldic  nomenclature  this 
is  called  an  escutcheon.  Embellishment  in  the  heraldic  manner 
came  into  use  at  the  time  of  Richard  I.  Undoubtedly  many  of 
the  strange  designs  adopted  at  this  period  were  of  Eastern  origin, 
the  inheritance  from  remote  antiquity,  brought  to  the  notice  of 
warriors  while  taking  part  in  the  crusades.  The  adjustment  of  a 
scarf  worn  upon  the  person,  or  the  placing  of  a  bar  of  wood  or 
boss  to  reinforce  and  strengthen  the  shield  were  also  alike  sug- 
gestive of  ornamental  lines.  Other  designs  referred  to  some  act 
of  the  bearer,  the  memory  of  which  was  deemed  by  his  superiors 
worthy  of  perpetuation. 

It  is  any  design  depicted  upon  the  shield  to  which  reference 
is  made  in  describing  a  coat-of-arms.  The  device  borne  upon  the 
shield,  therefore,  is  the  insignia  of  the  family  (see  plate  1),  and, 
at  the  period  of  actual  use,  this  same  design  was  often  woven 
or  embroidered  on  the  surcoat  and  worn  over  the  armor  by  the  man 
to  whom  the  arms  or  device  belonged.     By  the  laws  of  heraldry 


no  other  person  was  allowed  to  use  this  device,  except  members 
of  his  immediate  family.  The  wife,  the  sons,  and  the  daughters 
shared  the  right,  and  were  allowed  to  wear  the  arms,  but,  in  the 
case  of  descendants,  duly  differenced  to  show  what  relationship 
the  wearer  held  to  the  head  of  the  house. 

In  the  fourteenth  century,  when  heraldry  was  at  its  fullest 
splendor,  a  man's  every  possession,  useful  or  ornamental,  was 
linked   to   him    in   an   heraldic   manner.      The   members   of   his 

FIGURE  1.  Arrangement  for  a  commoner,  a  plain  shield  displaying 
insignia  of  one  family.  It  is  surmounted  by  a  crest  upon  its  torse, 
twist,  or  wreath.    Underneath  is  the  motto  upon  its  ribbon. 

family  displayed  his  arms  embroidered  upon  robes  of  baudequin, 
samite,  siclaton.  and  cendal,*  and  woven  into  the  rich  hangings 
which  adorned  his  walls  the  emblem  was  repeated  again  and 
again,  and  each  of  his  sons,  as  he  reached  the  proper  age,  proudly 

*  Baudequin,  a  variation  of  cloth-of-gold,  a  substantial  material 
for  dresses,  vestments,  palls,  and  canopies  of  thrones.  Samite,  a  thick, 
silky  substance,  woven  of  six  threads  with  a  streak  of  gold  running 
through.  All  kings  in  the  Middle  Ages  used  quantities.  Edward  I.'s 
nobles  bought  from  the  royal  wardrobe.  Siclaton,  a  thinner,  lighter 
silk  used  for  surcoats  on  festal  occasions.  Cendal  and  taffeta  were 
silky  substances  less  costly. 



bore  upon  his  own  shield  the  same  device,  a  device  which  he  in 
turn  would  transmit  as  a  most  precious  heritage  to  his  own  legal 
heirs.  Arbitrary  laws  were  early  evolved,  and  are  still  in  force, 
in  regard  to  the  marshalling  or  arrangement  of  the  insignia,  and 
the  use  of  the  accessories  of  the  shield. 

For  Americans  interest  is  confined  to  the  rules  governing  com- 
moners. For  this  reason  supporters — the  two  figures  sometimes 
placed  at  either  side  of  the  shield — and  other  accessories  which 

O)   g 
m  4^ 

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a  a  CO  P  s-1 

belong  exclusively  to  the  nobility  must  never  appear  in  the  achieve- 
ment of  an  American  gentleman  (see  plate  2,  Duke  of  Leinster). 
He  may,  however,  with  his  shield,  use  a  helmet  supporting  the 
crest  upon  its  torse  or  wreath,  the  ornamental  mantling,  and  the 
motto  upon  the  ribbon  (see  plate  3). 



After  marriage  the  arms  of  his  wife's  family  are  impaled  with 
his  own  for  the  use  of  himself  and  wife,  and  would  appropriately 
appear,  together  with  the  crest  and  other  accessories,  upon  the 
architectural  decoration  of  the  home,  upon  the  door  panels  of  the 
carriage,  or  upon  any  article  of  common  property.  If,  however, 
the  wife  wishes  to  ornament  any  of  her  individual  possessions  with 
coat-armor,  she  must  forego  the  use  of  all  the  accessories,  and 
use  the  shield  alone  upon  which  the  insignia  would  be  marshalled 
exactly  as  for  the  use  of  her  husband.  If  she  desires  extra  orna- 
mentation, an  especially  appropriate  design  would  be  to  suspend 
the  masculine  shield  from  a  feminine  bowknot  (see  plate  4).     It 

FIGURE  4.  Tlie  arms  of  a  husband  and  wife.  The  coats  of  two 
families  impaled,  i.  e.,  placed  side  by  side  upon  a  shield  which  has  been 
divided  in  half  by  a  vertical  line.  The  wife  correctly  uses  the  shield 
alone  without  any  of  the  accessories. 

cannot  too  strongly  be  emphasized  that  wifehood  is  the  only  con- 
dition in  which  it  is  allowable  for  a  woman  to  use  a  shield.  The 
lozenge  or  diamond-shaped  surface,  first  used  in  England  in 
1284,  is  the  form  upon  which  all  widows  and  spinsters  should 
display  the  family  insignia  (see  plates  5  and  6). 

Eegarding  the  law  of  inheritance — no  person  can  legally  use 
coat-armor   belonging  to  an   ancestor   in   the  maternal   line.     If 



my  mother  belonged  to  an  armigerous  family,  I  may,  if  I  wish, 
hang  a  copy  of  the  arms  of  that  family  upon  the  wall  with  other 
relics,  but  I  have  no  right  to  use  the  device  as  a  distinguishing 
mark  upon  my  notepaper  or  silver.  Armorials  are  not  transmitted 
through  a  daughter;  the  one  exception  to  this  rule  refers  to 
women  who  are  heiresses  in  the  heraldic  sense  (see  plate  3).  The 
matter  of  family  use,  too,  in  which  the  daughters  have  an  equal 

share  for  life  with  their  brothers  was,  in  the  period  of  actuality, 
necessarily  restricted  to  the  device  or  insignia  alone.  For  this 
reason  the  absurdity  will  be  apparent  of  the  assumption  to-day 
by  women  of  other  parts  of  an  achievement-at-arms. 

From  the  nature  of  their  origin  all  the  accessories  of  the  shield 
appertain  to  men.  Chief  to  be  considered  is  the  crest.  This  part 
of  an  achievement  came  into  general  use  only  about  the  beginning 


of  the  sixteenth  century.  Earlier  than  this  its  use  was  restricted 
to  knights  and  men  of  high  rank.  As  an  ornament,  it  must  have 
been  a  cumbrous  thing  to  carry.  It  was  sometimes  carved  from 
a  block  of  light  wood,  oftener  modeled  from  boiled  leather  with 
parts  made  from  canvas,  and  its  size  was  incongruous  in  com- 
parison with  the  helmet  upon  which  it  rested.  It  is  not  probable, 
however,  that  discomfiture  in  wearing  so  heavy  a  headpiece  was 
entailed  upon  the  owner  for  any  great  length  of  time.  In  actual 
battle  the  crest  was  undoubtedly  laid  aside,  and  only  in  the 
tournament  did  warriors  face  each  other  with  their  helmets  sur- 
mounted by  an  enormous  scaly  dragon,  or  proud-stepping  leopard. 
But  no  lady  of  high  degree  made  demand  of  her  true  knight  that 
she  might  wear  his  helmet,  and  forsooth,  had  she  done  so,  in  being 
denied,  she  would  have  been  questioned:  "Wherefore?  Would 
you  leave  your  honorable  place  of  vantage  and  become  a  chal- 
lenger ? "  So  it  needs  only  a  small  amount  of  reflection  for  a 
woman  of  the  present  day  to  understand  why  the  dictum  goes  forth 
that  she  may  use  neither  the  helmet  nor  its  special  ornament,  the 
crest,  for  why  should  one  assume  the  pictorial  use  of  objects  to 
which  in  their  actual  working  use  one  may  not  aspire? 

An  erroneous  idea  also  prevails  among  many  people  that  a 
crest  may  be  assumed  by  a  man  when  no  right  to  a  full  coat  exists. 
This  is  an  absurdity,  for  whereas  many  coats  have  no  crests,  no 
crest  exists  independent  of  the  insignia,  and  no  man  has  a  right 
to  use  a  crest  unless  he  has  a  legal  inheritance  in  the  whole 
armorial  achievement  of  which  the  crest  is  a  component  part. 

During  the  reign  of  Henry  VIII.  the  importance  of  heraldry 
in  regard  to  giving  genealogical  information  was  recognized,  and 
the  work  of  collecting  data  was  begun.  The  heralds  were  ordered 
to  make  visitations  to  different  localities  in  England  for  the 
purpose  of  collecting  all  available  information.  During  these 
circuits,  which  were  held  every  twenty-five  years,  the  kings-of-arms 
were  attended  by  various  assistants,  including  a  draughtsman,  and 
the  registers  kept  during  their  progress  contain  the  lineage  and 
arms  of  titled  and  untitled  persons  signed  by  the  heads  of  fam- 
ilies. The  unlawful  user  of  armorials  received  hurailating  pun- 
ishment by  order  of  the  heralds,  and  the  illegal  arms  were  de- 
stroyed. All  the  valuable  information  thus  acquired  has  been 
preserved.  Many  of  the  original -manuscript  volumes,  dating  from 
1530  to  1687.  are  in  the  library  of  the  College  of  Arms,  but  copies 
with  some  originals  are  in  the  British  Museum.  Few  of  the 
gentle  families  were  left  unregistered,  and  it  would  be  almost 
impossible  to-day  to  prove  an  ancestral  right  to  a  coat-of-arms 
not  appearing  in  these  records. 


But  the  study  of  heraldry  implies  much  more  than  mere  in- 
vestigation to  prove  the  right  to  ornament  one's  possessions  veith 
hereditary  symbols.  The  personal  note  is  of  but  minor  importance 
considered  in  relation  to  the  wide  field  of  research.  Although  a 
survival  from  medieval  times  heraldry  is  still  alive  and  progres- 
sive, and  should  not  to-day  be  classed  with  alchemy  and  astrology, 
as  no  longer  worthy  of  serious  study.  Students  of  history  and 
literature  and  art  should  acquire  more  than  a  superficial  knowl- 
edge of  a  science  which  so  greatly  stimulates  the  imagination. 

The  terms  of  its  nomenclature  are  in  common  use  by  many 
authors.  Allusions,  too  apt  and  poetic  to  be  lost,  are  to  be  found 
in  the  words  of  Shakespeare,  Walter  Scott,  Chaucer,  Spenser, 
Tennyson,  Dante,  Ariosto,  Tasso,  and  many  other  writers.  He- 
raldic emblems,  also,  appear  upon  seals  used  by  schools,  universities, 
corporations,  and  the  departments  of  the  government.  The  flags, 
as  well  as  the  seals,  of  countries,  provinces,  and  states  are  of 
like  nature,  and  no  educated  person  can  well  be  without  the 
rudiments  of  the  science  to  which  these  devices  belong. 

As  the  handmaid  of  art,  heraldry  affords  many  beautiful  forms, 
illustrated  in  the  illumination  of  antique  manuscripts  and 
books,  the  decoration  of  stained  glass,  paintings,  effigies,  brasses, 
banners,  and  old  silver,  and  in  the  embroideries  upon  vest- 
ments, furniture,  draperies,  book-bindings,  and  other  objects 
of  artistic  value.  The  traveler  in  Europe  will  be  more  appre- 
ciative of  Gothic  architecture  if  able  to  interpret  those  heraldic 
features  which  have  survived  to  the  present  day. 

During  the  Commonwealth  armorials  were  the  marks  for  vin- 
dictive mutilation.  Often  ornaments  which  accompanied  them 
were  spared,  but  the  arms  themselves  were  attacked  with  ran- 
cor. However  these  scenes  of  destruction  were  not  witnessed 
by  our  ancestors. 

The  great  exodus  from  England  had  placed  the  ocean-wide  dis- 
tance between  the  colonists  of  New  England  and  the  iconoclasts 
among  Cromwell's  adherents  in  the  home  land,  and  family  tra- 
dition, as  well  as  more  tangible  evidence,  demonstrates  the  esteem 
and  veneration  felt  for  shield  and  crest  by  the  men  who  first 
colonized  America.  In  establishing  a  new  home  beyond  the  sea 
there  was  in  the  minds  of  the  Puritans  no  thought  of  removing 
class  distinction.  In  seeking  liberty  for  themselves  and  their 
descendants,  their  idea  was  not  to  establish  universal  equality, 
and  armorials,  more  than  anything  else,  were  associated  in  their 
minds  with  the  idea  of  caste  and  aristocracy. 

It  is  only  necessary  to  consider  who  these  men  were  and  what 
they  represented  to  feel   certain   that  the  majority   among  them 



using  coats-of-arms,  during  the  first  period  of  the  colonies  in 
Kew  England  had  every  right  to  them,  and  conformed  in  their 
use  to  the  laws  then  in 'force  in  the  homeland.  It  is  well  known 
that  among  the  pioneers  were  men  of  high  social  standing,  the 
near  kin  of  the  greatest  men  of  the  day,  who  in  England  had 
lived  in  honor  and  affluence.  They  were  entirely  unlike  ordinary 
colonists,  having  nothing  in  common  with  the  immigrants  of  later 
years,  but  came  to  the  new  world  in  large  communities  with  their 
plans  of  government  fully  matured.  Among  their  number  were 
men  of  culture,  possessing  the  superior  innate  qualities  which 
would  have  tended  to  distinguish  individuals,  had  they  remained 
in  England.  There  were  clergymen,  physicians,  magistrates,  and 
military  officers,  and  they  possessed  horses,  cattle,  and  other 

It  is  true  that  spirituality  was  the  dominant  note  in  the  char- 
acter of  the  settlers,  and  that  they  considered  the  invisible  to  be 
of  more  importance  than  the  visible.  The  desire  to  establish  a 
church  and  state,  according  to  their  ideals,  outweighed  the  love 
for  ancestral  homes,  but  coexistant  with  their  deep  religious  feel- 
ing was  also  the  fundamental  pride  of  family  and  race. 

The  seals  used  by  the  colonists  and  much  of  their  plate  were 
engraved  with  coats-of-arms.  These,  with  paintings  and  mor- 
tuary inscriptions,  give  us  to-day  the  clues  for  research  in  this 

The  historian  of  the  Ancient  and  Honorable  Artillery  Com- 
pany says :  "  Military  distinction  and  heraldry  were  the  only 
appendages  of  monarchical  government  tolerated  in  the  province 
of  Massachusetts  Bay.  The  armorial  bearings  emblazoned  in  water 
colors  and  neatly  framed,  which  were  the  only  ornaments  in  nearly 
every  house,  were  justified  by  the  declaration  in  the  Book  of  Num- 
bers that  '  Every  man  of  the  children  of  Israel  shall  pitch  by  his 
own  standard  with  the  ensign  of  his  father's  house  '  "  ("  History  of 
the  Ancient  and  Honorable  Artillery  Company,"  by  Oliver  Ayer 
Eoberts,  vol.  i.  p.  6.) 

Upon  the  ancient  gravestones  appear  coats-of-arms,  often  with 
the  added  word,  "  Armiger."  Among  others  in  Connecticut,  that 
in  memory  of  Gershom  Bulkeley.  dated  1713,  is  in  the  old 
Wethersfieid  yard.  He  was  the'  father  of  the  Rev.  Gershom 
Bulkeley.  pastor  of  the  North  Society  here  in  Cromwell  from  1778 
to  1808,  and  an  ancestor  of  the  wife  of  Rev.  Mr.  Adams,  our 
Society's  secretary.  Impressions '  from  seals  are  found  upon  let- 
ters, bonds,  wills,  and  documents  settling  estates.  Among  such 
are  the  personal  seals  of  the  Governors  of  Connecticut. 

On  the  will,  dated  August  1,  1705,  of  Samuel  Eells,  of  Hing- 


ham,  Mass.,  father  of  Nathaniel  Eells,  one  of  the  early  settlers  in 
the  Middletown  Upper  Houses,  appears  the  impression  of  the 
coat-of-arms  used  by  him.  This  is  one  of  the  coats  called  armes 
parlantes,  punning,  or  canting,  which  reveal  the  owner's  name. 
In  this  case  the  device  consists  of  three  eels.  Also  of  antiquarian 
interest  to  Cromwell  families,  whether  the  right  of  individuals 
to  use  them  is,  or  is  not,  established,  are  the  arms  of  the  families 
of  Eanney,  Sage,  Gilbert,  Kirby,  Stow,  and  Stoughton. 

Of  special  interest  is  the  document  called  the  Gore  roll  of  arms. 
This  is  a  list  of  names  with  the  description  of  the  arms  used  by  the 
different  families  therein  mentioned,  and  was  probably  compiled 
by  John  Gore,  a  carriage  painter  in  Boston.  The  earliest  coat 
recorded  is  dated  1701,  the  latest,  1724.  The  list  is  thought  to 
be  the  notebook  referring  to  hatchments,  as  this  use  of  armorials 
was  in  vogue  at  that  period,  and  the  dates  appended  to  the  shields 
coincide  with  the  date  of  the  death  of  the  bearers. 

Among  men  using  armorials  during  the  late  colonial  period 
were  George  Washington,  who  used  an  inherited  coat-of-arms,  and 
Benjamin  Franklin,  who  was  the  subject  for  a  new  grant. 

Following  a  custom  established  among  the  first  colonists  of  the 
United  States,  an  American  of  the  present  day  certainly  has  a 
precedent  established  for  the  use  of  his  family  emblem.  It  is 
not  alone  the  descendant  of  Puritans  who  is  justified  in  the  use 
of  the  "  ensign  of  his  father's  house  " ;  the  aristocracy  of  America 
derives  its  origin  from  the  founders  of  the  different  colonies. 
The  Puritans  of  New  England,  the  Cavaliers  of  Virginia,  the 
Lords  of  the  Manor  of  New  York,  the  Huguenot  exiles,  and  the 
quietly  clad  Quakers — among  all  of  these  pioneers  in  different 
parts  of  eastern  America  were  undoubtedly  many  armigers.  In 
the  years  which  have  followed  the  first  colonization,  the  number 
having  legitimate  right  to  coat-armor  has  been  augmented  by 
"other  arrivals,  and  all  Americans  to-day  who  can  prove  descent 
in  the  direct  male  line  from  armigerous  ancestors  in  European 
countries  have,  with  their  cousins  outre  mer,  an  equal  right  to  the 
use  of  the  family  insignia.   ■ 

In  the  use  of  arms  Americans  should  be  guided  by  the  customs 
of  England.  America  is  governed  by  English  common  law,  and  the 
official  language  is  English.  The  United  States  was  settled  under 
English  rule,  and  armorials  were  then  first  introduced  in  con- 
formity to  English  heraldic  law.  It  follows  that  in  America 
to-day,  in  the  lack  of  any  local  authority,  the  use  of  armorials 
should  be  governed  by  the  laws  of  the  English  Heralds'  College, 
The  first  law  to  be  considered  concerns  the  legitimate  right  to  a 
certain    insignia    and    crest.     Whoever    uses    a    coat-of-arms    an- 


nounces  his  direct  descent  from  the  first  grantee,  and  should  be 
able  to  prove  this  descent  exactly  as  if  it  were  a  title  to  land. 

If  it  is  proved  that  the  colonial  ancestor  used  coat-armor,  it 
is  altogether  probable  that  his  right  will  be  found  recorded  in 
Heralds'  College.  Such  use,  however,  is  not  positive  proof  of 
legality,  for  there  is  evidence  that  some  among  the  colonists  were 
mistaken  in  their  assumption.  It  is  advisable  to-day  for  Ameri- 
cans desiring  to  use  coat-armor  to  have  research  made,  and  their 
right  verified  by  application  to  Heralds'  College,  England, 
where  by  payment  of  a  reasonable  fee,  the  matter  will  be  settled 
officially.  This  is  especially  necessary  because  individuals  in  the 
generations  succeeding  the  first  settlers  have,  by  their  ignorance 
in  assuming  arms,  attracted  to  this  country  the  reproach  of  an 
English  authority,  who  declares  that  more  assumptive  arms  are 
borne  in  the  United  States  than  anywhere  else. 

In  excuse,  ignorant  tradesmen  are  much  to  blame,  who,  as  self- 
styled  heralds,  often  supply  spurious  arms,  copying  from  some 
publication  armorials  of  a  family  of  the  same  name.  It  cannot 
be  too  clearly  emphasized  that  identity  of  name  does  not  argue 
identity  of  origin.  There  is  no  such  thing  as  a  coat-of-arms 
belonging  to  a  particular  surname.  Arms  as  a  distinguishing  mark 
are  hereditary  only  in  the  family  of  the  grantee,  or  one  who 
first  assumed  them.  Eelatives  or  namesakes  have  no  claim  to 
share  with  him.  One  of  the  first  native  engravers  to  place  a 
stigma  upon  American  heraldry  was  Nathaniel  Hurd,  who  flour- 
ished about  1750.  But,  whereas  many  of  the  arms  he  supplied 
were  bogus,  in  some  cases  his  work  had  a  legitimate  foun- 

This  much  cannot  be  said  of  some  later  craftsmen.  A  father  and 
son  named  Coles,  who  worked  from  1776  to  1813,  were  ready  to 
supply  arms  to  all  who  would  employ  them.  The  work  of  these 
men  has  many  distinguishing  marks,  among  others  the  use  for 
decoration  of  palm  branches  beneath  the  shield ;  the  phrase  "  By 
the  name  of  Smith."  or  "  Jones,"  as  the  case  may  be,  placed  upon 
the  motto  ribbon;  the  badly  painted  helmet  often  done  in  colors, 
whereas  the  inflexible  rule  is  that  it  should  be  of  steel;  and  the 
ignorant  formation  of  the  wreath.  Often  the  latter  will  be  topped 
by  an  American  flag  in  place  of  the  legitimate  crest,  a  most 
apparent  absurdity. 

An  almost  total  disuse  of  arms  during  the  following  years  led 
to  greater  ignorance,  and  when,  about  1860,  there  occurred  a 
revival  of  the  fashion,  arms  were  used  profusely  with  absolute 
disregard  of  authority.  To  assume  arms  which  have  not  at  some 
period  been  sanctioned  by  a  college  of  arms  is  illegal,  and  the  arms 


are  bogus.     The  man  who  uses  such  insignia  is  a  fit  subject  for 

But  if  he  makes  of  himself  a  laughing-stock,  a  still  greater  of- 
fender is  one  who  assumes  the  legal  arms  of  another.  By  the 
adoption  of  the  heraldic  bearings  of  European  families,  or  by 
the  assumption  by  one  American  of  the  arms  of  a  fellow-country- 
man of  the  same  name,  the  usurper  makes  himself  liable  to  the 
gravest  charge.  In  England  common  law  still  recognizes  the 
rightful  ownership  of  armorials.  Because  in  America  offenders 
are  not  in  reach  of  such  a  law,  yet  more  scrupulous  heed  should 
be  taken  not  to  offend,  and  society  should  punish  with  the  greatest 
contempt  those  who  persistently  violate  that  which  is  law  in  other 

It  is  not,  however,  entirely  on  moral  grounds  that  great  stress 
should  be  laid  on  the  necessity  of  honorable  dealing  in  this  matter. 
Along  with  the  carefully  preserved  records  of  town  and  church 
the  armorials  of  our  ancestors  should  give  valuable  assistance  to 
the  genealogist.  It  is,  therefore,  of  the  highest  importance  that 
no  interchange  or  assumption  of  illegal  arms  take  place.  A  greater 
insult  cannot  be  offered  to  an  honored  ancestor  than  to  announce 
in  the  wrong  use  of  arms  descent  from  an  altogether  different, 
though  perhaps  contemporaneous,  person.  But  the  false  assump- 
tion of  arms  is  not  merely  an  insult  to  our  ancestors,  it  is  an 
even  more  grievous  wrong  done  to  posterity.  As  this_  becomes 
better  understood,  more  scrupulous  attention  will  be  paid  to  the 
laws  of  heraldry. 

The  history  of  a  country  is  made  from  the  history  of  individuals. 
The  ancestry  of  individuals  taken  collectively  becomes  the  ancestry 
of  a  people.  So  genealogy  in  its  broadest  scope  is  of  the  utmost  im- 
portance to  the  historian.  In  the  interest  of  authentic  history  alone, 
even  so  minor  a  detail  as  the  use  of  armorials  in  the  United  States 
cannot  be  ignored.  The  revival  in  heraldry  is  not  the  least  im- 
portant feature  of  the  increasing  interest  taken  in  family  history. 
A  course  in  heraldry  should  be  introduced  in  advanced  schools, 
to  be  given  in  conjunction  with  the  study  of  art  and  history.  But 
above  all  some  official  action  should  be  taken  to  regulate  the 
personal  use  of  armorials,  and  to  safeguard  in  some  manner  from 
the  undignified  attack  of  ignorant  pretenders  the  history  of  the 
families  so  closely  linked  to  the  history  of  the  country  itself. 

Surely  the  emblem  reverenced  by  our  forefathers  as  a  memorial 
of  the  home  in  some  fair  English  shire,  and  preserved  ofttimes 
as  the  only  link  connecting  the  offspring  of  an  honored  line  with 
those  of  his  own  kin  left  beyond  the  sea — surely  the  device  which 
gives  the  personal  touch  of  warm  color  to  the  gray-toned  early 


history  of  our  country  is  as  worthy  of  preservation  as  is  the  roof- 
tree  which  sheltered  our  pioneer  ancestor  living,  or  the  gravestone 
which  marks  the  last  resting  place  of  the  honored  dead ! 

Example  of  Nathaniel  White 
The  Hon.  William  J.  Barber 

To  you  who  have  attended  for  years  these  gatherings  I  have 
no  doubt  Nathaniel  White  and  Samuel  Stocking,  Thomas  Ran- 
ney  and  John  Warner,  John  Wilcox  and  Thomas  Hubbard  are  rela- 
tives, friends  and  acquaintances;  better  known  in  their  daily 
life  of  two  hundred  and  fifty  years  ago  than  your  own  neighbors 
are  to  you  to-day.  But  to  some  of  us,  who  have  not  had  the 
opportunity  of  association  with  these  stalwart  sons  of  those  early 
days,  it  is  fitting  that  we  take  up  the  life  of  one  of  them  to-day 
somewhat  in  detail. 

Nathaniel  White,  born  in  England  about  1629,  son  of  Elder 
John  White,  arrived  in  Boston  with  his  father  September  16, 
1632.  In  1635  they  removed  to  Hartford.  So  says  the  record. 
But  imagine,  for  a  moment,  what  this  means  to  the  coming  man. 
His  father  had  seen  those  stirring  times  in  the  mother  country 
that  led,  during  Nathaniel's  young  manhood,  to  the  days  of  Oliver 
Cromwell  and  Charles  the  Second.  The  narrow  life  of  those  early 
days  must  have  brought  out  the  ability,  in  those  who  had  seen  the 
life  in  England,  to  picture  in  words  the  everyday  scenes  of  that 
far-away  world.  To  the  one  of  whom  we  write,  who  had  left 
the  old  world  at  too  early  an  age  to  have  any  recollection  of  it, 
what  a  fairyland  the  great  cities  must  have  appeared.  The  far- 
thest stretch  of  our  imagination  gives  lis  but  a  faint  idea  of 
the  situation:  he  was  a  child  when  the  city  of  Hartford  was 
born,  and  he  grew  up  in  the  very  heart  of  a  nature  so  vast  and 
solemn  that  it  must  have  had  its  effect  on  his  life.  Surrounded 
on  all  sides  by  foes,  in  danger  of  privation  and  famine,  menaced 
by  the  Indian  who  was  already  looking  with  jealous  eye  on  the 
pushing  white  man,  these  but  served  to  bring  out  the  sturdy  man- 
hood that  developed  as  time  went  on.  Among  the  first  to  move 
from  Hartford  to  settle  at  Middletown,  halfway  from  Hartford 
to  Saybrook,  casting  his  lot  with  those  who  settled  "  north  of  the 
'  riverett,'  "  we  find  this  son  of  Elder  John  White,  a  leader  from  the 
very  first.  His  education  was,  no  doubt,  thorough  for  the  time 
and  place,  but  would  be  considered  anything  but  complete  at  the 
present  day.  What  would  he  not  have  given  to  have  had  the 
advantages  that  the  youth  of  the  present  day  enjoy?     Restricted 


to  a  few  books,  no  doubt  he  knew  these  well,  and  I  do  not  doubt 
that  his   knowledge  of  the  one  great  book,  the  Bible,  was   far 
gi-eater  than  that  of  the  average  youth  of  to-day.     October  15, 
1659,  sees  Nathaniel  White,  thirty-three  years  of  age,  elected  as 
delegate  to  the  General  Assembly  which  met  spring  and  fall  in 
Hartford.     We  can  see  the  young  man  as  he  Journeys  toward  the 
town  to  the  north— for  at  that  day  its  title  of  capital  was  unknown- 
coming  to  that  Assembly  with  "an  honest  pride,  because  he  was 
one  of  the  representatives  of  the  young  town  of  Middletown.    The 
fact  that  he  was  not  an  unknown  man  at  that  early  day  is  shown 
by  his  being  chosen  a  member  of  the  grand  jury.     He  must  have 
done  his  work  as  a  member  of  the  Assembly  well,  for,  while  the 
record   with   characteristic   Puritanical   severity   shows   no   praise 
of  work  accomplished,  continued  reappointment  shows  the  confi- 
dence of  the  people  of  the  Middletown  Upper  Houses._    In  1669 
he  was  appointed  commissioner  for  Middletown,  and  in  1674  is 
first  referred  to  as  "  Mr."  Nathaniel  White.     He  also  had  the 
title  of  ensign,  and  that  it  was  not  an  empty  title  is  shown  by  the 
fact  that  in  the  spring  of  1675  he  was  in  command  of  nine  men 
from  Middletown  to  guard  a  ship,  sailing  to  Hartford,  from  at- 
tacks by  the  Indians.     In  1677  he  was  lieutenant,  and  in  1690 
captain,  of  the  Middletown  train  band,  the  only   Cromwell  in- 
habitant of  that  time  to  receive  the  title.    A  church  was  organized 
in  1668,  and  Nathaniel  White  was  chosen  to  assist  the  minister 
in  the  ordination  of  the  deacons  by  the  ceremony  of  the  laying 
on  of  hands.     Unquestionably  he  was  the  most  distinguished  of  all 
the  settlers  of  Middletown,  eighty-five  times  a  member  of  the  Gen- 
eral Assembly,  the  last  time  in  May,  1710,  when  he  was  eighty-one 
years  old.     Much  of  his  success  in  life  was  due  to  the  careful 
training  given  him  by  his  father  who  was  known  as  a  learned  man. 
That  Captain  Nathaniel  White  appreciated  the  value  of  educa- 
tion is  shown  by  a  clause  in  his  will,  dated  about  two  weeks  before 
his  death,  as  follows:    "What  of  my  right  of  undivided  lands, 
may  be  deemed  my  right :   my  will  is  that  one  fourth  part  thereof 
be  and  remain  for  the  use  of  the  public  schools  already  agreed 
upon  in  the  town  of  Middletown  forever,"  which  included  the 
"  town "  school  in  lower  Middletown,  and  the  district  school  in 
the  "  North  Society." 

When  Cromwell  in  1902  erected  a  central  school  building  that 
is  a  great  credit  to  the  town  the  town  meeting  very  properly 
named  it  after  this  illustrious  man,  who  spent  his  home  life 
almost  within  sound  of  my  voice. 

The  effect  of  such  a  life  is  never  ending.  Long  after  he  is 
forgotten  his  influence  still  goes  on,  and,  no  doubt,  the  boy  or 


girl  of  Cromwell  to-day  is  given  a  better  preparation  for  the  work 
of  life  through  the  public  spirit  and  foresight  of  Captain  Nathaniel 

The  Eev.  Samuel  Johnson,  D.  D. 
Charles  Collard  Adams,  M.  A. 

A  few  years  after  the  settlement  of  the  Upper  Houses,  there 
came  John  Kirby  and  his  wife  and  John  Wilcox  and  his  wife,  and 
these  made  their  homes  on  the  west  side  of  what  is  known  as 
Pleasant  Street.  Then  David  Sage  came  from  Hartford,  and 
was  given  five  acres,  "  for  a  home  lot,"  where  the  bank  and  other 
buildings  stand.  But  he  must  have  had  in  view  the  taking  of  a 
wife  unto  himself,  and  to  be  near  her  home  he  planted  himself 
on  the  town  pound,  measuring  66  feet  by  49|  feet,  which  stood 
between  the  Kirby  and  Wilcox  homesteads.  On  this  pound,  laid 
out  in  1655  for  the  impounding  of  stray  cattle,  he  built  him  a 
house.  The  town  meeting  appointed  a  committee  to  wait  on  him. 
and  demand  a  settlement.  In  due  time  there  was  recorded  to  him 
these  "  twelve  square  rods  on  which  his  house  standeth."  He 
then  traded  his  five  acres  for  a  part  of  the  Kirby  home  lot,  and  had 
his  holdings  extended  in  the  rear,  so  that  when  he  died,  in  1703, 
his  homestead  consisted  of  8f  acres,  valued  at  £52,  the  "  Mansion  " 
house  being  valued  at  £60,  and  the  barn  at  £12.  His  entire  pos- 
sessions included  over  800  acres.  His  tombstone  is  in  Eiverside 
Cemetery,  Middletown,  He  married  in  February,  1664,  Elizabeth 
Kirby,  born  September  8,  1646,  in  Hartford.  To  them  were  born 
David,  Elizabeth,  and  John.  She  died  "  about  the  23d  year  of 
her  life."  He  then  turned  to  the  other  side  of  his  home,  and 
married  Mary  Wilcox,  to  whom  were  born  five  children.  The 
oldest  child  by  the  second  marriage  was  Mary  Sage,  born  Novem- 
ber 15,  1672,  who  died  May  8,  1727,  in  Guilford,  having  married 
November  7,  1694,  Deacon  Samuel  Johnson  of  Guilford,  born 
June  5,  1670,  died  1727,  the  son  of  Deacon  William  Johnson  of 
Guilford.  Of  the  eleven  children  of  Mary  Sage  and  Deacon 
Samuel  Johnson,  the  second  son  was  Samuel  Johnson,  born  Oc- 
tober 14,  1696,  an  dwho  died  Jan.  6,  1772,  and  of  whom  I  am  to 

It  is  stated  by  Dr.  Beardsley  in  his  history  that  Samuel  Johnson 
studied  for  six  months  with  the  Eev.  Joseph  Smith,  who  was  the 
first  settled  pastor  in  the  Upper  Houses,  but  who  had  officiated 
here  some  years  before  a  church  was  organized  on  January  6.  1715. 
Mr.  Smith  had  graduated  at  Harvard,  had  had  considerable  ex- 
perience in  teaching,  had  been  pastor  in  New  Jersey,  and  had 


officiated  in  the  society  at  Horse  Neck,  Greenwich.  He  succeeded 
here  the  Eev.  David  Deming.  Timothy-  Sage,  who  had  inherited 
the  Sage  homestead  across  the  street  from  Rev.  Joseph  Smith 
must  have  had  his  nephew,  Samuel  Johnson,  in  his  family,  while 
the  lad  recited  across  the  street  to  Eev.  Joseph  Smith. 

Dr.  Beardsley  states  that  Rev.  Joseph  Smith  was  not  a  very 
competent  teacher.  Perhaps  the  lad  was  very  precocious,  for  he 
entered  Yale  in  1710,  and  was  graduated  in  1714.  Dr.  Cutler,  for 
some  years  pastor  at  Stratford,  had  become  rector  of  Yale  College. 
Johnson,  first  a  tutor,  had  become  the  first  pastor  of  the  Congre- 
gational Church  at  West  Haven,  a  suburb  of  New  Haven.  While 
a  lad  at  Guilford,  a  Mr.  Smithson  had  given  him  a  prayer  book 
and  Johnson  must  have  been  a  deep  student  of  its  pages.  On  his 
death  bed  he  said,  "  There  are  no  prayers  like  those  of  my  mother, 
the  Church  of  England."  Dr.  Beardsley  states  that  he  committed 
these  prayers  to  memory,  and  used  them,  as  occasion  required,  in 
public  worship,  alike  to  the  comfort  of  himself  and  to  the  comfort 
and  edification  of  his  flock.  It  is  related  that  it  was  common 
for  persons  belonging  to  the  neighboring  parishes  to  come  to 
West  Haven  on  purpose  to  hear  him  pray,  not  dreaming  that  he 
was  using  prayers  out  of  a  book.  He  conferred  with  his  friends, 
the  neighboring  pastors,  in  the  library  of  Yale  College,  which 
had  been  removed  from  Saybrook  to  New  Haven,  and  where  they 
had  access  to  some  works  by  Church  of  England  authors.  As  a 
result  seven,  of  whom  Rector  Cutler,  a  graduate  of  Harvard,  was 
one,  were  not  satisfied  with  the  validity  of  their  non-Episcopal 
orders.  On  September. 13,  1722,  they  addressed  a  letter  to  others 
whom  they  had  met  in  the  library,  and  who  had  asked  them  to 
state  their  difficulties  in  writing.  As  a  result  the  General  As- 
sembly of  the  Colony,  church  and  state  being  one,  was  called  to- 
gether, Governor  Saltonstall,  himself  a  Congregational  clergyman, 
presiding,  and  a  day  was  spent  in  trying  to  convince  these  seven 
that  their  doubts  were  groundless.  Rector  Cutler,  Johnson.  Brown, 
the  tutor  and  a  native  of  West  Haven,  and  James  Wetmore,  pas- 
tor at  North  Haven,  but  a  native  of  Middletown,  went  to  England 
to  receive  Episcopal  ordination.  President  Woolsey,  in  his  His- 
torical Discourse  at  the  one  hundred  and  fiftieth  anniversary  of  the 
institution,  said :  "  I  suppose  that  greater  alarm  would  scarcely 
be  awakened  now,  if  the  Theological  Faculty  of  the  College  were 
to  declare  for  the  Church  of  Rome,  avow  their  belief  in  Transub- 
stantiation,  and  pray  to  the  Virgin  IMary." 

Mr.  Brown  died  of  smallpox  Just  after  his  ordination.  Rector 
Cutler  went  to  Christ  Church,  Boston,  as  its  rector,  and  served 
them  forty  years.    Mr.  Wetmore  went  to  Rye,  New  York,  and  was 


there  thirty-six  years.  An  Episcopal  Mission  had  been  established 
in  Stratford  in  1707,  and  was  supported  by  the  Society  for  the 
Propagation  of  the  Gospel  in  Foreign  Parts.  Services,  however, 
were  intermittent  for  some  years.  Mr.  Johnson  arrived  there 
j^ovember  5,  1723.  The  church  edifice  had  not  been  completed. 
He  was  there  to  see  the  second  completed  in  1758.  During  the 
years  that  he  served  in  Stratford,  he  traveled  extensively,  baptiz- 
ing, administering  Holy  Communion,  preaching,  .teaching,  found- 
ing parishes  and  missions.  He  led  over  thirty  Congregational 
pastors  to  go  to  England  to  be  ordained  in  the  Church  of  England. 
He  made  frequent  visits  to  West  Haven,  where  from  his  leaving 
it  there  were  some  families  who  adhered  to  the  Church  of  Eng- 
land. But  it  was  not  until  1740  that  a  church  edifice,  the  seventh 
in  Connecticut,  was  erected  there.  It  stands  to-day,  the  last  of 
the  seven,  to  witness  to  the  labors  of  Samuel  Johnson.  I  may 
be  permitted  to  say  that  while  I  was  rector  there  from  1871  to 
1873  I  learned  so  much  of  Samuel  Johnson  that  I  organized  a 
Guild  to  raise  funds  with  which  to  erect  a  church  to  be  a  memorial 
to  him,  and,  in  the  church  edifice  in  which  he  often  officiated,  I 
plead  for  this  object.  My  successor  for  some  years  was  transferred 
to  St.  Paul's,  New  Haven,  and  now  is  the  Episcopal  Bishop  of 
Newark,  N.  J.  He  is  descended  from  our  Deacon  Samuel  Stock- 
ing and  our  first  Thomas  Stow.  On  Tuesday  of  next  week  a 
costly  church  will  be  consecrated  in  West  Haven,  and  the  Bishop 
of  Connecticut,  who  sent  me  an  invitation  to  be  present  there, 
has  to-day  expressed  his  approval  of  my  suggestion  that  the 
fund  I  raised  should  now  be  used  to  place  in  this  costly  edifice 
a  suitable  memorial  to  Samuel  Johnson,  long  known  as  the  "  Fa- 
ther of  Episcopacy  in  Connecticut."  I  little  dreamed  in  those 
days  that  Samuel  Johnson's  mother  was  born  in  the  Upper 

In  1729  the  Eev.  George  Berkeley,  Dean  of  Derry  in  Ireland, 
to  whom  the  satirist  Pope  ascribed  "...  every  virtue  under 
heaven,"  arrived  in  Newport,  E.  I.,  with  a  charter  from  the  crown 
to  found  a  college  in  Bermuda,  the  "  declared  object  of  which 
was  -to  be  the  instruction  of  scholars  in  theology  and  literature, 
with  a  view  to  propagate  the  Christian  faith  and  civilization,  not 
only  in  parts  of  America  subject  to  the  British  authority,  but 
among  the  heathen."  He  purchased  a  farm,  and  erected  a  farm- 
house, and  proceeded  to  work  out  his  collegiate  plans,  at  the  same 
time  devoting  himself  to  writing  "  Alciphon,  or  The  Minute  Phi- 
losopher." Alas !  the  money  voted  by  Parliament  was  squan- 
dered. Eighty  thousand  pounds  of  money,  rightly  belonging  to 
the  church,  was  squandered.     Samuel  Johnson,  who  had  read  his 


"  Principles  of  Human  Knowledge."  paid  him  a  visit  at  Newport, 
and  the  acquaintance  ripened  into  a  warm  friendship  and  corre- 
spondence, and  their  sons  maintained  a  correspendence  after  their 
fathers  had  gone  to  their  graves.  When  he  was  returning  to  Eng- 
land in  1732  Samuel  Johnson  plead  for  books  for  Yale  library,  and 
the  result  was  that  Dean  Berkeley  not  only  gave  his  own  library  to 
Yale  but  induced  others  to  join  with  him  in  sending  nearly  a 
thousand  volumes  across  the  Atlantic,  "  the  finest  collection  of 
books,"  according  to  President  Clap,  "  which  had  then  ever  been 
brought  at  one  time  to  America."  He  also  gave  to  Yale  his 
farm  of  ninety-six  acres,  the  conditions  of  the  deed  being  that  the 
net  income  shall  be  appropriated  to  the  maintenance  of  the  three 
best  scholars  in  Greek  and  Latin.  Dr.  Berkeley  wrote  that  Samuel 
Johnson  was  widely  known  as  the  friend  and  patron  of  classical 
learning,  that  he  watched  its  progress  at  Yale  College,  under  the 
impetus  of  Berkeley's  donations,  that  "  when  Franklin  was  about 
to  establish  a  college  at  Philadelphia,  there  was  no  man  whose 
counsel  he  sought  more  eagerly,  or  whose  authority,  as  its 
future  Provost,  he  was  more  anxious  to  secure,  than  that  of 
Johnson."  He  refused  this  offer,  but  when  prominent  New  York 
gentlemen,  mostly  of  the  Church  of  England,  concerted  for  the 
purpose  of  founding  a  college  in  New  York  City,  Samuel  John- 
son, "  who  had  been  all  along  consulted,  and  who  in  turn  applied 
for  advice  and  direction  to  his  friend,  Bishop  Berkeley,  was  chosen 
President  in  January,  1754."  He  became,  also,  an  assistant  min- 
ister of  Trinity  Church.  After  a  residence  of  thirty-one  years 
of  rural  life,  he  removed  to  New  York  City  as  president  of  King's 
College,  now  Columbia  University. 

When  death  had  removed  his  wife  and  children  by  smallpox  which 
had  a  great  terror  for  all,  he,  in  February,  1763,  sixteen  days  after 
the  death  of  his  wife,  was  back  in  Stratford  occupying  a  part 
of  the  great  mansion  of  his  son,  William  Samuel,  so  distinguished 
in  the  history  of  Connecticut,  expecting,  being  sixty-seven  years 
of  age,  to  lead  a  life  of  retirement,  but  he  assumed  charge  of  the 
parish,  and  served  it  till  his  death  on  the  Feast  of  the  Epiphany, 

It  may  be  a  source  of  pride  to  those  who  trace  maternal  influ- 
ences to  think  that  in  Samuel  Johnson  there  were  forces  which 
may  be  credited,  in  part  at  least,  to  Mary  Sage,  and  to  the  heredity 
of  Sage  and  Wilcox,  his  ancestors  of  Upper  Houses.  Columbia 
University  has  among  its  Columbiana  several  bricks  taken  from  the 
house  of  Rev.  Joseph  Smith,  which  had  been  built  about  1650 
by  Robert  Webster,  son  of  Governor  John  Webster. 



The  Builders  of  the  Nation 
Judge  Daniel  J.  Donahoe 

The  bloom  of  summer  shines  upon  the  world 
In  changing  glory;    over  field  and  grove 
Floats  a  soft  breathing,  and  a  voice'' of  joy 
Eises  from  hill  and  valley.     Every  stream 
Mirrors  the  beauty  both  of  earth  and  sky, 
And,  murmurous  of  music,  runneth  on 
Above  the  shallows;   while  against  the  sun, 
Silent  and  broad,  the  curving  river  gleams 
Like  a  great  saber,  from  some  giant  hand 
Cast,  'mid  the  cloven  hills,  and  flashing  lies, 
A  symbol  of  eternal  power  and  peace. 

3ut  not  alone  the  granite  hills  that  stand 

Against  the  ocean,  and  the  river's  flood 

Moving  in  majesty  make  manifest 

The  power  that  guards  the  nation.     On  each  hand 

Our  eyes  are  blessed  with  marvels  that  bespeak 

Man's  greatness,  and  the  sovereignty  he  bears 

O'er  nature's  forces.     Like  a  willing  slave. 

The  fettered  lightning  bows  unto  his  needs, 

And  trained  to  harmless  toil,  obeys  his  will. 

The  streams  that  leap  in  laughter  down  the  hills 

Are  caught  and  harnessed  to  the  restless  wheels, 

That  sing  in  ceaseless  industry;    while  clouds, 

Rising  above  the  myriad-windowed  mills. 

In  folds  of  light,  show  where  the  strength  of  steam 

]\Iakes  great  the  cities  with  the  might  of  toil. 

Thus  is  the  power  of  labor  multiplied. 

And  thus  unto  the  toiler's  hand  brings  home. 

As  guerdon  of  his  skill,  unbounded  wealth, 

And  opportunity  wide  as  the  stars; 

While  peace,  with  shining  footsteps,  through  the  land 

Walks,  where  a  thousand  farmsteads,  rich  with  meads, 

Pastures  and  fields  of  tilth,  drink  in  the  rays 

Of  the  new  morn,  that  rises  with  the  light 

Of  prophecy,  and  promises  to  all 

A  golden  harvest. 


Eound  each  village  spire, 
That,  pointing  starward,  speaks  eternal  truths. 
Cluster  a  group  of  cottages,  with  lawns 
Wide  to  the  street.     These  are  the  glad  abodes 
Of  labor,  culture,  love,  and  liberty. 
Here  nought  of  evil  on  the  surface  show^s, 
Nor  cloud  of  sorrow  darkens ;  but  where'er 
The  gazer  turns,  such  happiness  as  blessed 
The  primal  Eden  seems  to  fill  the  land. 

Long  on  these  grateful  scenes  we  turn  our  eyes, 
Drinking  unto  our  souls  dreams  of  delight; 
And  backward  glancing,  lift  our  heads  aloft 
With  a  proud  meaning;    for  we  see  how  broad 
Have  been  the  strides  of  progress,  since  the  bell 
From  Independence  Hall  startled  the  world, 
And  thrilled  the  people  with  new  life  and  hope. 
Nor  shall  the  present  and  the  past  suffice; 
But  down  the  shining  slope  of  future  years. 
We  peer  with  souls  high-swelling,  and  descry 
The  vision  of  the  wonders  yet  to  be. 

But  let  nor  pride  nor  hope  our  souls  deceive, 
And  soothe  us  with  a  false  security; 
Nay,  let  us  pause  amid  our  sunny  dreams, 
And  pierce  with  searching  eye  the  golden  veil 
That  covers  o'er  with  splendor  all  the  land. 
Yet  hides,  perchance,  some  foul  or  evil  blight. 
That  worketh  waste  or  woe.     Sharp  scrutiny 
Must  needs  be  made  of  license  and  of  law 
By  men  who  love  their  country  and  would  keep 
Her  strength  and  honor  safe.     This  wisdom  wills; 
Lest  all  too  confident,  in  strength  assured, 
Our  souls  become  elate,  and  filled  with  pride 
Of  past  achievements,  both  in  peace  and  war, 
Of  foolish  dreams  of  greatness,  that  may  well 
Betray  us,  while  corruption  threatens  death. 

Neither  by  day  nor  night  may  rest  be  ours ; 
But  care  and  watching  shall  our  duty  be; 
For  we  are  toilers  still.     Our  work  remains 
All  unaccomplished,  while  a  flaw  abides. 
Or  chance  of  danger.     Perfect  government 
In  town  and  state  and  nation,  this  must  be 
Our  dear  ambition. 


And  though  hero  souls 
Are  ours,  and  ours  tlie  age  of  heroes,  God 
Demands  our  best  of  labor.     Serious  thought. 
Not  overweening  boasts,  will  satisfy 
The  everlasting  Justice.     Bowed  in  soul. 
True  servants,  we  must  look  for  Heaven's  behest; 
And  with  the  light  that  shineth  from  the  Throne, 
Bend  to  achieve  the  glory  of  His  will. 
ISTor  may  we  our  stern  duty  minimize; 
As  men  of  might,  within  our  hand  is  placed 
A  sacred  charge  requiring  holiest  care, 
A  trust  that  brooks  no  faltering  in  faith. 

We  are  the  nation's  builders.     If  we  strive 

With  heart  and  hand  and  brain  to  raise  the  walls 

And  glorify  the  temple,  we  but  yield 

To  conscience,  that  with  unrelenting  voice  , 

Guides  us  to  justice;    and  the  house  we  build 

Must  be  the  house  of  justice.     Light  and  law 

Shall  shine  within  its  portals.     Let  it  be 

A  palace  worthy  of  the  Lord,  whose  love 

Smiles  on  no  worthless  effort.     And  unless 

He  build  with  us  our  labor  is  but  vain; 

And  our  achievements,  howsoever  brave. 

Are  like  the  splendors  of  a  sunset  cloud ; 

And  howsoever  high  the  house  we  build, 

And  bright  with  grandeur,  'tis  a  Babel  Tower, 

A  monument  of  folly  and  of  shame. 

But  where  shall  we  find  justice?    Who  shall  guide 
Our  footsteps  lest  we  stumble  in  the  dark? 
Masked  in  the  garb  of  wisdom,  danger  walks, 
Lighting  false  beacons,  that  may  lead  to  death, 
While  boasting  of  supremacy  and  power. 

Let  us  beware.     This  increase  manifold 

Of  labor's  gain  from  nature's  mastered  powers, — 

Where  shall  it  go?    Shall  men,  who  worship  wealth. 

Make  for  themselves  a  privilege,  and  hold 

The  ninety  parts  and  nine,  while  dabor's  host, 

The  mighty  army  that  has  made  the  wealth, 

Takes  but  the  single  unit  as  its  wage? 

Shall  the  rich  revel  in  wild  luxury, 

While,  as  in  France  of  old,  the  poor  attempt 

To  quell  their  hunger  with  the  grass,  like  beasts? 


If  men  are  thus  oppressed,  what  power  can  save 

The  nation  from  disgrace?     No  wrong  can  live, 

But  ruin,  soon  or  late,  avenging  comes 

To  blaze  a  road  for  justice.     Then,  beware! 

Not  for  the  money-changer  is  the  house 

Of  honor  builded,  but  for  men  whose  souls 

Look  heavenward  and  seek  the  things  of  God. 

Yet  in  our  temple  we  behold,  even  now, 

The  holy  place  proclaimed  as  Mammon's  throne; 

The  worshipers  of  wealth  its  walls  profane. 

And  on  its  altars  raise  a  golden  calf. 

Scorning  the  broader  Brotherhood  of  Christ, 

And  swollen  with  privilege,  in  robes  of  gold, 

The  priest  of  Mammon  lifts  his  impious  face, 

And  sends  his  proud  voice  echoing  through  the  skies. 


God  of  the  golden  horn. 
Bright  in  thy  golden  rays; 

God  from  whose  hand  is  born 

All  that  our  lives  adorn, — 

God  of  the  golden  horn, 
Thee  we  adore  and  praise. 

Thou  that  art  proud  and  great, 
Honor  the  great  and  proud ; 

Lift  up  our  souls  elate; 

Keep  us  to  rule  the  state ! 

Thou  that  art  proud  and  great, 
Hear  us;   our  heads  are  bowed. 

Ruler  of  wealth  and  ease. 

Keep  us  in  ease  and  wealth; 

Poverty,  toil,  disease; — 

Save  us  from  ills  like  these; 

Ruler  of  wealth  and  ease. 

Bless  us  with  peace  and  health. 

God  of  the  golden  horn. 

Thee  we  adore  and  praise; 
Safe  on  thy  strength  up-borne. 
Lead  us  from  need  and  scorn; 
God  of  the  golden  horn, 

Guide  us  through  golden  days. 


Nor  comes  less  danger  from  the  wretch,  whose  fare 

Is  with  the  beast.     The  innocent  toiler,  stung 

By  hunger's  fangs,  may  grow  more  ravenous 

Than  tiger  in  the  jungle.     In  his  soul 

The  wrong  may  rankle,  and  break  forth  in  fire 

Whose  flame  shall  scorch  the  heavens.    When  the  cry 

Rose  from  the  rabid  masses  in  the  streets 

Of  Paris,  reason  slept;    and  nought  could  save 

The  crown  of  privilege  from  the  guillotine. 

How  shall  injustice  thrive  more  safely  here. 

And  walk  with  steps  impune  upon  the  neck 

Of  prostrate  industry?     Beware!    the  hour 

Of  reckoning  comes  and  danger's  signal  flies! 

Have  ye  not  heard  the  shout  of  wild  despair 

That  rises  from  the  slums?     Your  hand  can  save 

Only  by  lifting  up  with  tenderness. 

And  weighing  in  the  balances  of  Right 

The  portion  due  to  labor. 

All   too  long 
Justice  has  been  delayed.    The  dens  of  crime, 
Where  day  is  turned  to  night,  and  sin  becomes 
The  stay  of  hunger,  threaten  to  destroy 
The  glory  of  your  building.     If  unmoved 
By  reason  and  pure  justice,  let  your  fear 
Arouse  your  souls  to  honor.     Moloch's  sons, 
A  hideous  host,  are  in  your  temple  now. 
And  loud  in  adoration.     Hear  their  hymn! 


Hear  us,  0  God  of  Shame, 

Molocla !   we  call  thy  name, 
And  seek  thy  evil  service,  power  divine ! 

To  thee  we  bend  the  knee; 

We  look  for  help  to  thee; 
Crushed  in  the  mire  of  sin,  our  souls  are  thine. 

Thou  baneful  deity^ 

We  sacrifice  to  thee 
Our  children;    soul  and  body  they  are  thine! 

Through  long  and  weary  years, 

Through  misery  and  tears. 
They  bow  beneath  thy  influence  unbenign. 


What  boots  it,  loathsome  God, 

To  feel  the  cruel  rod, 
Unless  we  gain  the  pleasures  that  we  seek  ? 

'Mid  drudgery  and  grime 

"We  find  our  good  in  crime, 
With  flinty  hearts  and  bloody  hands  that  reek. 

ISTot  out  of  gilded  palaces  shall  come 

Abiding  righteousness;    nor  shall  we  seek 

An  uplift  from  the  rotting  tenements. 

These  are  alike  sure  tokens  of  disease. 

That  warn  the  nation  of  impending  death. 

Not  out  of  these  our  dreams  of  grandeur  come; 

But  from  the  farmsteads  and  the  toilers'  homes, 

Scattered  like  new-blown  roses  o'er  the  hills. 

And  through  the  sounding  valleys,  where  the  streams 

Roar  through  their  channels,  loud  with  cheerful  toil. 

Out  of  such  homes  may  wisdom  hear  the  voice 
Of  freedom  chanting  hymns  of  sacred  peace; 
Out  of  such  homes  alone  the  call  shall  lead 
To  honor's  court,  where  even-handed  right 
Demands  that  crime,  in  hovel  or  in  hall, 
Shall  suffer  equal  shame.     The  hour  requires 
Strong  men,  brave  men  of  wisdom  and  of  will 
To  break  the  sleep  of  justice.     Let  her  rise. 
And  render  unto  every  man  his  due. 
Both  interest  and  wages,  while  the  land, 
With  all  the  unbought  gifts  of  bounteous  heaven. 
Shall  bear  the  nation's  burden. 

This  must  come; 
For  only  by  its  coming  may  we  hope 
To  build  aright  our  temple's  holy  walls 
And  rear  its  hallowed  altars;    only  thus 
The  law  of  love  shall  fill  its  ample  .space 
With  such  effulgence  as  can  never  pale. 

Then  labor  shall  uplift  a  thousand  homes, 

True  shrines  of  godliness  and  liberty. 

Where  now  the  castle  of  the  millionaire 

Usurps  with  gorgeous  insolence  the  land, 

And  holds  wide  acres  in  dead  idleness. 

Out  of  the  slums  pale  children  shall  be  brought 


To  rise  and  run  in  new-found  life  and  joy, 

To  play  like  the  yonng  lambs  among  the  fields, 

And  sing  like  birds  under  the  blue  of  heaven. 

The  haunts  of  pestilence  and  poverty, 

Where  beggared  merit  oft  in  hunger  weeps. 

With  dens  of  degradation,  sin  and  death, 

Like  the  rich  robber's  hold,  shall  be  brought  low. 

And  the  pure  winds  of  heaven  shall  breathe  thereon. 

The  city  streets  and  the  wide  country  side 

Shall  sweeten  like  flower-gardens  in  God's  air; 

And  men  shall  lift  their  faces  to  the  stars. 

Unscathed  by  wrong,  guiltless  of  infamy. 

Then  shall  our  hearts  be  lifted  up  to  heaven 
When  we  behold  the  bloom  upon  the  hills ; 
And  to  the  voice  of  gladness  from  the  vales 
Our  souls  shall  swell  in  answer.     Evermore, 
The  river  in  its  silent  course  shall  gleam, 
Like  a  great  saber,  flashing  to  the  skies, 
A  symbol  of  eternal  power  and  peace. 

Then  from  the  earth  shall  rise,  in  thunder-tones. 

The  blessings  of  the  ransomed  multitudes. 

Forever  swell  along  the  echoing  skies. 

The  song  of  neither  arrogance  nor  shame. 

But  a  true  hymn  of  glory  unto  God, 

From  souls  strong  with  the  brotherhood  of  love. 

HYMN    OF    THE   PEOPLE   . 

0  God  of  life  and  love  and  light. 

We  send  our  voice  in  song  to  thee; 
Thy  hand  hath  led  us  through  the  night, 

Thy  power  hath  raised  and  made  us  free. 

Be  still  our  guide,  our  strength,  our  stay; 

Blest  be  thy  name  from  shore  to  shore, 
To  thee  we  turn  both  night  and  day, 

From  humbled  hearts  thy  grace  implore. 

Let  justice,  truth  and  love  abound; 

Keep  us  as  brothers,  hand  in  hand ; 
Be  neither  fear  nor  falsehood  found, 

Nor  greed  nor  hunger  mar  the  land. 


A  ransomed  nation,  strong  and  free,  , 

Let  grateful  love  our  aims  upraise; 
God  of  our  fathers,  unto  thee 

We  send  our  songs  in  holy  praise. 

Some  Early  Cromwell  Preachers 
The  Eev.  Percy  Butler  Wightman 

Mr.  Chairman,  Fathers  and  Brothers :  I  feel  to-day  somewhat 
like  a  young  man  who  had  been  recently  married.  It  seems 
that  after  the  ceremony  a  wedding  breakfast  or  luncheon  was 
served.  Then  followed  a  series  of  addresses  congratulatory  in 
character,  until  finally  the  groom  was  called  upon  to  make  some 
fitting  response.  Not  given  to  public  address  the  task  was  ardu- 
ous, and  he  shrank  from  the  ordeal,  but  they  called  the  more 
loudly  for  him.  Finally  he  rose  to  his  feet,  and,  placing  his 
hand  upon  the  shoulder  of  his  bride  to  steady  himself,  he  said : 
"  Ladies  and  gentlemen,  this  thing  has  been  forced  upon  me." 

And  my  address  has  been  forced  upon  me.  I  do  not  mean 
to  convey  the  idea  that  Mr.  C.  Collard  Adams,  whose  enthusiasm 
and  ceaseless  interest  in  the  old  families  of  Cromwell  have  made 
this  gathering  here  possible,  has  persistently  clamored  for  an 
address,  for  he  has  not;  but  when  the  invitation  came,  having 
had  experience  "  to  get  men  to  speak  in  meeting,"  and  knowing 
what  a  task  it  was,  I  had  compassion,  and  decided  to  help  in 
any  way  he  should  command.  And  yet  I  can  think  of  another. 
There  is  a  reason  why  I  should  speak  to  you  to-day.  From  the 
early  days  men  whose  names  I  and  my  brothers  bear,  have  been 
identified  with  this  village,  and  with  the  two  churches  longest 
established.  You  have  a  right  to  claim  my  presence,  and  I  am 
honored  by  your  courteous  invitation  which  gives  me  this  op- 
portunity of  speech. 

No  apology  is  necessary  for  the  subject,  "  Some  Early  Cromwell 
Preachers,"  and  right  pleased  will  I  be  if  I  simply  stir  up  your 
interest  enough  to  wish  to  learn  more  about  them  in  the  history 
now  in  the  hands  of  the  Grafton  Press. 

Some  little  while  ago,  I  was  reading  again  the  warrant  for 
the  death  of  Edward  Wightman — the  last  of  the  English  martyrs 
burned  at  the  stake  for  his  religious  belief.  I  suspect  that 
the  real  reason  why  he  was  called  "  a  pestilential  fellow "  lay 
in  the  fact  that  he  did  not  believe  in  infant  baptism,  but  to  justify 
his  death  King  James  and  "  the  reverend  father  in  God,  Richard, 
Bishop  of  Coventry  and  Litchfield,"  accused  him  of  "  the  wicked 
heresis    of    the     Ebionites,     Cerinthians,     Yalintinians,     Arrians. 


Macedonians,  of  Simon  Magus,  of  Manes,  Manechees,  of  Prolinus. 
and  Ana-Baptists,  and  of  other  heritical,  execrable,  and  unheard 
of  opinions,  by  the  instinct  of  Satan,  by  him  excogitated."  And 
it  seems  strange  to  me  that  it  was  necessary  to  touch  a  torch  to 
his  stake,  for  surely  anyone  who  had  all  these  dry  theories  in  him 
would  ignite  by  spontaneous  combustion.  But  the  early  preachers 
in  the  pulpits  of  this  village  were  not  dry  men.  In  them  burned 
the  fire  of  a  holy  zeal  for  their  work,  and  it  is  right  that  the 
pastors  should  be  honored  with  the  Founders,  Fathers,  and  Pa- 
triots. For  whether  they  stayed  in  the  village  for  a  long  or  short 
time  the  spirit  was  the  same.  They  had  a  message.  It  had 
gripped  them,  and  they  tried  to  so  present  it  that  it  would  take 
hold  of  the  lives  and  mold  the  characters  of  the  men  and  women 
to  whom  they  ministered,  and  their  labor  was  not  in  vain. 

Our  nation  owes  much  of  its  strength  to  the  men  who  built 
the  religious  and  intellectual  foundation  of  the  country.  It  was 
a  time  when  the  Indian  trail  was  cut  wider  to  allow  the  two- 
wheeled  ox  cart  and  chaise  room  to  run,  and  it  was  a  time,  too, 
when  men  in  breathing  the  freedom  of  the  colonies  began  to 
exert  individual  liberty.  Were  I  looking  for  a  text,  which  is 
the  way  of  a  preacher' you  know,  how  many  would  be  sugge&ted 
by  their  lives !  "  Go  "forward  and  possess  the  land,"  "  Carry 
neither  purse  nor  script,"  "  Their  works  do  follow  them,"  "  I 
determined  to  know  nothing  among  you  save  Jesus  Christ  and 
him  crucified." 

But  one  regret  I  must  express  early  in  my  address,  namely,  the 
inability  to  give  place  to  the  majority  of  ministers  who  have 
broken  the  bread  of  life  to  this  generation  and  ones  preceding; 
If  I  fail  to  mention  them,  it  is  not  because  of  unworthiness,  nor 
that  their  lives  were  a  cipher,  neither  is  it  that  they  did  not  go  in  and 
out  of  the  homes  with  a  prayer  and  purpose  in  their  hearts;  but 
simply  for  the  reason  that  time  is  short,  and,  as  another  has  writ- 
ten of  him  for  whom  he  gave  his  life,  "  I  suppose  that  even  the 
world  itself  could  not  contain  the  books  that  should  be  written." 

We  will  give  our  attention  chiefly  to  four  men,  the  first  and 
second  pastors  to  serve  the  Congregational  Church,  the  Eev.  Joseph 
Smith  and  the  Rev.  Edward  Eells;  and  noticing  two  pastors 
in  the  Baptist  Church— the  Rev.  Frederick  Wightman  and  Rev. 
Charles  W.  Potter.  I  have  chosen  not  to  speak  of  the  Methodist 
Episcopal  Church  for  various  reasons:  first,  because  of  its  youth, 
having  come  into  being  in  the  wake  of  the  revival  of  '57 ;  second, 
while  consecrated  men  have  served  it.  yet  they  have  not  been  in 
residence  long  enough  to  leave  an  impression  upon  the  village; 
and  third,  material  is  lacking  upon  which  to  base  the  treatment. 


We  will  first  think  about  Eev.  Joseph  Smith.  You  all  know 
that  the  settlers  here  attended  the  First  Congregational  Church 
of  Middletown  for  over  fifty  yeers,  leaving  home  early  to  return  late 
on  the  Sabbath  days.  They  walked  or  rode  to  service,  taking 
their  lunch  with  them,  and  eating  it  in  the  "  Sabba'  Houses," 
built  near  the  church  for  the  purpose  of  warming  up  the  outer 
and  inner  man,  after  the  cold  ride  or  the  chill  of  the  church. 

After  attending  church  in  Middletown  for  half  a  century,  by 
and  by  the  community  grew  strong  and  ambitious  enough  to  wish 
a  church  of  its  own,  and  a  new  parish,  known  as  the  Second 
Ecclesiastical  Society  of  Middletown  was  incorporated,  in  May, 
1704,  on  condition  that  the  people  settle  a  minister  within  six 
to  twelve  months,  and  build  a  meeting  house.  The  population 
was  about  250  including  East  Berlin.  Eleven  years  afterward 
the  church  was  organized  with  23  members,  and  Eev.  Mr.  Smith 
who  had  officiated  for  a  few  years  was  called  to  the  pastorate.  He 
was  a  Massachusetts  man,  and  came  when  about  forty  years  old. 

He  was  called  from  a  new  church  enterprise  at  Horse  Neck, 
where  he  had  gone  after  years  spent  in  teaching.  The  people 
moved  him  at  their  expense  and  later  built  his  house  "  provided 
he  would  pay  for  the  glass  and  nails  used  in  its  construction." 
They  gave  him  seventy  pounds,  annually,  and  his  firewood  as  a 
salary.  When  you  read  what  our  historian  has  to  say  about 
firewood,  you  will  come  to  the  same  conclusion  I  have  reached : 
that  it  was  the  "  bete  noire  "  of  his  life.  Sometimes  it  was  de- 
livered, sometimes  he  had  to  get  it.  and  sometimes  there  was 
none  cut  for  him  to  get.  Then  a  sum  was  allowed  to  buy  it,  and 
occasionally  this  was  not  paid.  The  kind  of  cord  which  ran 
through  his  days  was  not  silken  but  wooden,  and  he  had  more 
trouble,  and  the  deacons  passed  more  motions  on  the  parson's 
firewood,  than  on  the  treatment  of  the  "  disorderly  youth  who  were 
brought  into  the  church,  and  had  to  stand  at  the  foot  of  the  gal- 
lery stairs  until  the  service  was  over." 

But,  as  a  preacher,  he  did  his  work  well  as  far  as  our  knowl- 
edge goes.  I  give ,  not  people  credit  for  greater  patience  then 
than  now,  and  surely  no  man  would  be  allowed  peacefully  to 
hold  his  charge  for  twenty-one  years,  unless  his  pulpit  ministra- 
tions were  satisfactory.  He  organized,  developed,  and  welded 
into  a  church  people  who  had  been  listening  for  years  to  candi- 
dates— which  usually  means  black  disaster.  One  who  can  do 
that  thing  shows  ability,  and  that  the  church  stands  with  him. 

It  seems  strange  that  no  regrets  were  expressed  at  his  death,  but 
on  the  other  hand  we  are  to  remember  that  the  Puritans  sup- 
pressed outward  signs  of  emotion.     "  There  is  no  doubt  that  they 


loved  their  wives  and  their  children,"  wrote  an  observant  historian, 
"but  they  did  not  seem  to  dare  to  tell  their  wives  and  children 
that  they  loved  them.  They  suppressed  the  utterances  of  love 
which  beat  so  warmly  in  their  breasts.  Silence  was  golden,  and 
speech  silver  or  a  baser  metal,  Longfellow  understood  their  ret- 
icence, and  brings  it  out  in  his  "  Courtship  of  Miles  Standish," 
when  impatient  Priscilla  says,  "  Speak  for  yourself,  John." 

The  second  incumbent  was  the  Rev.  Edward  Eells.  He  sprang 
from  Samuel,  one  of  the  first  settlers  at  Milford,  who  later  moved 
into  Massachusetts.  Edward  was  his  great-grandson.  They  were 
godly  men,  of  sterling  stock,  and  placed  a  high  value  on  college 
training,  for  one  generation  after  another  went  up  to  Harvard. 
Since  Nathaniel,  the  son  of  Samuel,  I  believe  that  there  has  not 
been  a  time  when  someone  by  the  name  of  Eells  has  not  been 
active  in  the  Christian  ministry,  and  several  have  attained  marked 
distinction  as  preachers. 

As  the  Scotch  say,  Edward  "  was  a  man  of  many  parts,"  a  gifted 
preacher,  a  loyal  patriot,  a  theologian,  and  a  foremost  citizen. 
The  early  record  of  this  village  could  not  be  written  without 
mentioning  him.  He  was  a  chaplain  in  the  French  and  Indian 
War,  and  so  fired  his  children  with  patriotism  that  his  son, 
Major  Eells,  "  started  for  the  war  the  day  after  word  came  from 
Lexington,  and  remained  in  the  service  until  June,  1783,  and  be- 
came one  of  the  founders  of  the  Society  of  Cincinnati."  And 
his  son  Samuel,  pastor  at  Branford,  one  Sunday  morning  raised 
a  company  in  his  own  congregation,  was  chosen  captain,  and  en- 
tered the  war.  It  was  the  same  love  of  country,  but  shown  a  little 
differently,  when  Parson  Wetmore  of  Stratford,  hearing  of  the- 
surrender  of  Lord  Cornwallis  as  he  was  delivering  his  discourse, 
straightening  himself  to  his  full  height,  and  making  known 
his  intelligence,  said.  "  It  is  no  place  for  boisterous  demonstra- 
tion in  the  house  of  God,  but  we  will,  in  giving  three  cheers, 
only  go  through  the  motions." 

And,  as  a  theologian,  he  took  a  leading  part  in  the  controversy 
at  Wallingford,  between  what  was  properly  known  as  the  "  New 
Lights  and  the  Old  Lights,"  which  stirred  the  church  world  of 
New  England  to  its  center.  In  this  controversy  he  was  clerk  of 

This  was  an  age  through  New  Jj]ngland  of  formal  church  life. 
If  a  person  outwardly  conformed  he  was  judged  a  worthy  church 
member,  but  I  am  of  the  impression  that  Mr.  Eells  himself,  hav- 
ing the  heart  of  religion  in  him,  was  not  satisfied  until  those  for 
whose  spiritual  welfare  he  was  responsible  had  the  essence  of 
the  Gospel,  too.     He  honored  Upper  Houses  in  coming  here,  and 


Upper  Houses  has  blessed  the  country  by  giving  it  a  family 
whose  lives  have  been  righteous,  whose  deeds  were  noble,  the  force 
of  whose  character  has  helped  to  establish  religion,  patriotism, 
and  intelligence  through  our  wide  land. 

But  I  must  hurry  on.  And  turn  with  some  diffidence  to  Fred- 
erick Wightman,  the  first  of  the  pastors  of  the  Cromwell  Baptist 
Church,  whose  ministry  extended  over  a  decade. 

Sixteen  persons  organized  the  church  fifteen  years  before  his 
coming,  and  until  1817  pastors  were  secured  on  part  time.  In 
that  year  Mr.  Wightman  became  minister. 

He  was  born  in  Warwick,  E.  I.,  and,  like  most  New  Englanders, 
religious  persecution  drove  his  father  to  these  shores.  The  family 
was  strongly  Baptist,  as  far  back  as  1611  at  least.  Like  the  Eells 
family  the  descendants  of  Edward  Wightman  have  filled  more 
than  a  score  of  pulpits  in  this  land.  He  was  a  carpenter,  and 
followed  his  trade  until  his  twenty-third  year,  when  he  had  a 
definite  religious  experience,  and  his  conversion  took  place.  Then 
a  strong  impression  was  laid  on  him  that  the  gift  of  "  Christ 
was  not  only  for  my  safety  and  happiness,  but  His  service  and 
glory."  This  heavenly  vision  led  his  steps  toward  the  ministry, 
but  "for  eighteen  months  thereafter  he  "  wrought  and  preached," 
and  when  the  invitation  came  from  the  Baptist  Church  of  Ash- 
ford,  he  accepted,  beginning  his  pastorate  in  1806. 

After  eleven  years  of  successful  labor,  he  moved  to  this  village, 
staying  his  first  night  in  Major  Eells's  old  home,  known  even  then 
as  "  the  Minister's  Tavern."  After  fifteen  years'  service  as  pas- 
tor of  the  Second  Baptist  Church  of  Middletown,  he  moved  to 
East  Lyme,  but  returned  in  two  years,  on  the  earnest  invitation 
of  the  Cromwell  church,  for  two  years  more  of  service.  Later 
he  was  in  the  Baptist  churches  of  Hadrlam,  three  years;  Wethers- 
field,  one  year;  East  Lyme  (now  Niantic),  three  years,  and 
then  returned  to  pass  the  last  days  of  his  life  among  his  friends 
here,  after  forty  years  of  preaching. 

He  was  a  God-called  man,  believed  with  all  his  heart  in  conver- 
sion as  essential  to  salvation,  and  this  he  preached  with  all  the 
fervor  of  his  strong  nature.  No  one  was  more  acceptable  as_  a 
speaker  in  the  Hartford,  New  Haven,  and  New  London  Associa- 
tions, with  which  he  was  by  turns  connected.  At  the  birth  of 
missionary  activity  in  1821-3,  he  was  among  the  foremost  in  edu- 
cating the  churches,  and  soliciting  their  prayers  and  contributions 
for  Dr.  Judson  and  his  co-laborers  in  Burmah,  and  few  had  an 
acquaintance  equal  to  his  of  domestic  missions.  He  was  a  char- 
ter member,  and  one  of  the  most  active  in  the  organization  of 
"the  State  Convention  of  Baptist  churches"  in  1823;  and,  with 
Deacon  William  Eanney,  introduced  this  church  into  the  Hart- 


ford  Association.  Wrote  the  editor  of  the  Christian  Secretary, 
"  In  every  ecclesiastical  relation,  Mr.  Wightman  bore  a  conspic- 
uous and"^  leading  part."  His  records  show  that  he  preached 
over  seven  thousand  sermons,  immersed  upward  of  four  hundred 
willing  converts,  administered  the  Lord's  Supper  over  five  hun- 
dred times,  officiated  at  about  three  hundred  funerals  and  as  many 
marriages,  and  by  special  requests  because  of  his  gifts  as  a  preacher, 
attended  over  twenty-one  ordinations,  and  preached  the  sermon 
at  the  majority  of  them. 

His  last  days  were  spent  here.  Though  he  suffered  greatly 
near  the  end,  his  faith  never  faltered.  Writing  near  the  end,  he 
said  in  a  letter  to  his  son :  "  After  seventy-seven  years  in  life, 
and  fifty-five  in  connection  with  the  Baptist  Church.  I  have  noth- 
ing to  boast  of,  saving  the  cross  of  our  Lord  Jesus  Christ,  by 
which  I  hope  that  I  am  crucified  to  the  world  and  the  world  to 
me."  Then,  October  5,  1856,  he  was  gathered  to  his  fathers 
as  a  ripe  sheaf  of  corn. 

The  fourth  subject  of  my  sketch  is  the  Rev.  Charles  W.  Pot- 
ter. He  is  a  recent  man,  and  because  he  is  known  to  some,  I  will 
not  give  him  the  space  which  he  undoubtedly  deserves. 

His  pastorate  extended  for  three  and  one-half  years,  but  those 
years  were  full,  coming  here  in  the  spring  of  1852.  He  was 
a  strong  preacher,  and  man  of  affairs — a  blending,  if  some  peo- 
ple's word  can  be  taken,  which  is  too  frequently  noticeable  by  its 
absence  among  clergymen  as  a  class.  He  succeeded  Rev.  Mr. 
Hervey  as  pastor,  filling  the  pulpit,  I  believe,  the  Sunday  after 
his  predecessor  left,  and,  as  soon  as  he  could  study  the  field,  he 
recognized  the  great  need  of  a  new  meeting  house.  In  eight 
months  $1900  was  subscribed,  and  a  building  committee  ap- 
pointed, "  who  were  to  take  the  entire  responsibility  upon 

They  sought  a  site  for  some  time,  and  talked  of  the  lot  between 
the  stores  of  Elisha  Stocking  and  Ralph  Savage,  and  also  of  an- 
other on  which  "  John  Haskel's  old  house  now  stands." 

A  little  later  the  project  gained  deeper  hold,  and  about  $2100 
was  subscribed,  when  "  Elder  Potter  purchased  the  Thomas 
Stow  house  and  lot  from  Mr.  Colton  for  $1600,  and  the  church 
was  erected  upon  it."  It  was  largely  through  his  efforts  that  this 
church  stands  here  to-day.  He  resigned  his  charge  in  1855,  and 
many  regretted  his  going.  This  church  was  full  Sabbath  after 
Sabbath.  So  pronounced  were  his  preaching  ability  and  knowledge 
of  affairs,  that  he  stands  out  in  the  memory  of  some  of  the  older 
members,  though  a  dozen  licentiates  and  ministers  have  come  and 
gone  since  his  day.  I  think  that  it  was  through  sorrow  at  losing 
him  that  Rev.  Mr.  Wightman,  in  a  letter  announcing  the  resigna- 


tion  of  Mr.  Potter,  wrote,  "  May  God  give  this  church  a  man 
after  his  own  heart,  who  shall  be  full  of  the  Gospel  of  Christ." 

Mr.  Potter  served  other  churches  in  Connecticut  for  nearly  fifty 
years,  and  was  long  a  director  of  Conn.  Baptist  State  Convention, 
Dr.  Francis  Wayland  once  said  of  him,  "  Since  the  death  of  Dr. 
Palmer  of  Stonington,  Mr.  Potter  is  the  man  upon  whose  wisdom 
and  direction  we  rely  in  our  management  of  the  affairs  of  the  feeble 
Churches  of  the  State."  Mr.  Potter  died  in  Litchfield,  Aug.  1903, 
and  is  buried  in  Cedar  Hill  Cemetery  at  Hartford,  where  a  very 
fine  Scotch  monument  erected  by  friends  marks  his  burial  place. 

As  one  takes  a  broad  view  over  two  centuries  of  church  life,  two 
things  are  marked  here  as  in  all  New  England :  first  is  the  divine 
authority  of  the  Holy  Bible,  and  second  is  the  right  of  personal 
liberty  in  the  sight  of  God. 

To  our  fathers  the  Bible  was  a  message  of  Almighty  God.  They 
accepted  it  without  compromise.  It  was  the  one  book  found  in 
their  dwellings.  They  read  it  at  their  firesides,  they  talked  about 
it  to  their  children  and  neighbors,  and  they  were  permeated  with 
its  historic  facts.  They  even  gave  their  children  the  names  of  its 
heroes  and  characters,  and  the  truth  it  contained  found  expression 
in  education  and  politics.  It  was  the  reading  book  of  the  child 
learning  his  letters,  "  the  lamp  to  the  feet "  of  the  adult,  and  the 
hope  of  the  aged,  physically  tottering,  but  stalwart  in  faith,  in 
the  even   time  of  their  lives. 

And  personal  liberty  matched  their  love  for  the  Word  of  God. 
God  most  high  was  the  only  Lord  of  the  conscience.  Home  and 
friendships  were  given  up  at  the  call  of  freedom,  and  life  itself 
was  not  too  valuable  a  possession  with  which  to  purchase  liberty. 

They  lacked  sometimes  in  charity.  They  were  not  always 
catholic  in  spirit,  but  neither  are  we.  Said  another,  "We  do 
not  burn  and  stone  one  another,  it  is  true,  and  yet  our  words  are 
sometimes  as  hot  as  a  flame,  and  as  rough  as  brick  bats." 

On  Plymouth  Rock,  in  the  commonwealth  of  Massachusetts,  a 
splendid  monument  was  dedicated  about  twenty  years  ago.  Upon 
a  granite  pedestal  there  rises  a  sculptured  figure,  representing 
faith.  In  her  left  hand  is  an  open  Bible.  The  right  points  up- 
ward to  the  divine  source  of  all  true  inspiration.  At  her  feet 
are  statues  representing  Education,  Law,  Morality,  and  Freedom. 
It  is  an  elegant  tribute  to  the  Pilgrims,  and  a  suggestive  lesson 
to  their  children.  And  the  men  whose  lives  were  given  to  the 
churches  of  this  place  have  used  the  endowments  that  this  com- 
munity be  educated,  that  it  respect  law,  that  it  practice  morality 
and  enjoy  liberty. 




The  second  volume  of  Scottish  Arms  names  the  Eany  and 
Kenny  families.  Herbert  Eainie  sat  in  Parliament  for  Dumfries 
in  1572.  Eobert  Eayning  was  provost  in  1578.  Symon  Eenny 
was  bailie  of  Inverkeithing  in  1362.  In  1450  Eanys  and  Eennys 
were  owners  of  land  in  Forfarshire.  Sir  John  Eany  of  England 
is  named  in  1660.  The  name  is  given  in  various  forms  in  France 
and  Flanders  at  a  very  early  date. 

1.  The  first  known  of  our  Thomas  Eany  is  in  the  land  records 
of  Middletown,  a  house  lot  having  been  granted  to  him  in  1658. 
His  marriage  is  recorded  as  in  May,  1659,  to  Mary  Hubbard.  At 
this  date  George  Grave  returned  to  Hartford  and  his  grants 
were  transferred  to  Thomas  Eany,  the  record  being  dated  in  1663. 
In  1698  Alexander  Eollo,  a  Scotchman,  and  an  attorney  who  had 
married  a  daughter  of  John  Kirby,  wrote  and  witnessed  a  will 
wherein  "  Thomas  Eheny  "  gave  to  his  son  Ebenezer  a  parcel  of 
land.  This  spelling  does  not  occur  in  a  deed  dated  a  day  later  where- 
in the  father  gave  adjoining  land  to  a  brother  of  Ebenezer.  The  con- 
clusion is  that  Alexander  Eollo  is  responsible  for  the  form  in  which 
he  wrote  the  name.  In  Scottish  records  Eheny  is  a  familiar  name. 
The  conclusion  is  that  Thomas  Eany  came  from  Scotland.  On  his 
tombstone  the  name  is  Eanny,  and  about  this  date,  1713,  his  sons 
wrote  their  name  as  Eany  and  soon  after  as  Eanny.  The  repro- 
duction of  their  autographs  is  given  herewith.  The  deed  of  1698 
is  in  the  possession  of  Mrs.  Charles  Collard  Adams.  While  the 
public  records  give  the  birth  of  only  five  children,  and  the  church 
records  give  the  baptism  of  Marcy,  the  will  gives  the  names  of 
the  ten  children  who  survived  him.  While  the  public  record  says 
he  died  June  25,  1713,  the  gravestone  says  he  died  June  21,  1713. 
He  is  supposed  to  have  been  the  first  one  buried  here,  as  it  was  only 
in  January  preceding  it  was  voted  to  set  apart  land  for  a  cemetery. 

His  signature  to  deeds  in  his  later  years  was  attested  by  a  4" 
and  it  may  be  that  he  was  as  unfortunate  in  one  respect  as  were 
others  of  his  day  and  generation.  He  was  not  a  member  of  the 
church.  He  served  equally  with  others  on  various  town  commit- 
tees and  was  an  active  member  of  the  community.  In  the  census 
of  1670  when  the  inhabitants  were  rated  he  was  rated  at  £105,  the 
ninth  in  a  list  of  52  proprietors. 



Mary  Hubbard,  his  wife,  was  born  in  Hartford,  Jan.  16,  1641-2, 
the  eldest  child  of  George  Hubbard  and  Elizabeth  Watts,  She 
d.  Dec.  18,  1721,  and  is  without  a  gravestone.  In  his  will  dated 
May  2,  1681,  George  Hubbard,  aged  80,  said,  "  I  give  to  my  daugh- 
ter Mary  Eany  fourty  shillings  out  of  my  Estate,  but  on  further 
consideration  instead  of  that  fourty  shillings  I  give  my  sayd  daugh- 
ter the  on  halfe  of  my  halfe  Mille  Lott  on  the  East  side  the  Great 
Eiver  by  the  List  of  1673."  His  homestead  in  Middletown  was 
on  Main  Street  extending  south  from  what  is  Eapello  Avenue  and 

_    HEROES 


reaching  back  to  the  Connecticut  Eiver.     Thomas  Allen's  home- 
stead lay  between  Hubbard's  and  Eiverside  Cemetery. 

Will  of  Thomas^  Eanney 

In  the  Name  of  God,  Amen,  the  Sixth  day  of  March  in  the 
year  of  our  Lord  1711.  I,  Thomas  Eanny  of  Middletown  in  the 
County  of  Hartford  in  New  England,  Husbandman,  being  very 
sick  and  weak  in  body,  but  of  competent  understanding  and  mem- 
ory, thanks  be  given  to  God,  therefore  calling  to  mind  the  mor- 
tality of  my  body,  and  knowing  that  it  is  appointed  for  men  once 
to  dye,  Do  make,  and  ordain  this  my  last  will  and  testament,  that 
is  to  say,  principally  and  first  of  all  I  give  and  recommend  my 
soul  into  the  hands  of  God  y  gave  it,  hopeing  through  the  Merits, 
death  and  passion  of  my  Saviour  Jesus  Christ  to  have  full  and 
free  pardon  and  forgiveness  of  all  my  sins,  and  to  inherit  everlast- 
ing life.  And  my  body  I  commit  to  ye  earth,  to  be  decently  buried 
at  the  discretion  of  my  executors  hereafter  named,  nothing  doubt- 
ing but  at  ye  Generall  resurrection  I  shall  receive  the  same  again 
by  the  mighty  power  of  God,  And,  as  touching  such  worldly  estate 
wherewith  it  hath  pleased  God  to  bless  me  in  this  life,  I  give, 
demise  and  dispose  of  the  same  in  the  following  manner,  and  form, 


that  is  to  say.  First  I  will  that  all  those  debts  and  dutyes  as  I  do 
owe  in  right  or  Conscience  to  any  manner  of  person  or  persons 
whatsoever  shall  be  well  and  truely  contented  and  paid,  or  or- 
dained to  be  paid  in  convenient  time  after  my  decease,  by  my 
Executors  hereafter  named. 

Item.  I  give  and  bequeath  to  my  dear  wife,  Mary,  during  her 
naturall  life  the  free  use  and  improvement  of  that  half  of  my 
dwelling  house  wherein  we  now  live,  with  the  seller  belonging  to 
it,  and  ye  one  half  of  my  homelott,  and  half  of  my  old  barn  with 
the  new  end  thereof,  to-gether  with  my  whole  upper  lott  in  the 
long  meadow  both  plowing  land  and  grass  land,  with  two  acres 
on  ye  near  neck,  the  use  of  a  teem  with  a  yoke  of  oxen  and  a 
horse,  and  necessary  instruments  belonging  to  it,  and  so  much 
bedding  and  household  stuff  as  she  shall  need  for  her  own  per- 
conall  comfort  and  benefit,  and  likewise  she  shall  have  the  whole 
despose  of  that  land  which  her  Father  Hubbard  gave  her,  and  I 
do  ordain  and  appoint  my  son  Thomas  to  take  care  of  his  Mother 
after  my  decease  and  to  see  that  what  I  have  wild  to  her  for 
her  comfortable  maintenance  be  improved  to  that  end. 
Item.  I  give  to  my  son  Thomas,  the  lott  on  which  his  house 
stands  as  it  is  now  divided,  and  one  acre  and  half  of  my  lott  in  Won- 
gung  Meadow,  and  a  quarter  part  of  Butt  Swamp  lott,  also  the  whole 
of  ye  upper  long  meadow  lott  after  his  mothers  decease  also  I 
give  to  him  one  acre  of  my  boggy  meadow  swamp  lott  the  half  of 
my  timber  hill  lott  ye  south  side,  &  a  quarter  part  within  fifteen 
acres  of  the  plain  lott  or  Cold  Spring,  haveing  his  part  divided  to 
him  by  quantity  and  quality,  also  a  quarter  part  of  my  long  lott 
on  the  east  side  of  ye  great  River,  also  I  give  to  my  son  Thomas 
a  quarter  part  of  the  undivided  land  y  is  yet  in  the  town,  also  I 
give  to  Thomas  a  quarter  part  of  the  round  meadow  and  further 
neck  after  my  daughter  Savages  three  acres  of  upland  lying  next 
ye  meadow  be  taken  out,  also  a  quarter  part  of  the  half  of  that  lott 
near  Wongung  bars,  or  Indian  Hill,  the  west  part  of  the  lott  with 
the  swamp  adjoining  to  it,  this  lott  begins  from  the  Highway  east- 
ward against  Jonathan  Warners.  It  is  my  will  that  this  lott  be 
splitt  into,  and  the  east  part  of  it  butting  upon  the  highway  against 
Jonathan  Warners  I  do  reserve  for  myself,  to  dispose  of  as  I  please, 
the  other  half  of  the  lott,  viz,  the  west  part  of  it  with  the  swamp 
adjoyning  to  it  it  is  my  will  that  it  shall  be  equally  divided  betwixt 
my  four  sons,  Thomas,  John,  Joseph  and  Ebenezer. 
Item.  I  give  to  my  son  John,  that  lott  whereon  his  house  stands, 
with  one  acre  of  my  boggy  meadow  lot,  also  the  just  half  of  what 
is  left  of  my  Wongung  meadow  after  Thomas  has  his  own  acre  and 
half  taken  out  and  the  fourth  part  of  my  lott  in  the  plain  to  be 


divided  to  him  by  quantity  and  quality,  also  a  quarter  part  of  my 
long  lott  on  the  east  side  of  the  great  river,  also  a  quarter  part 
of  butt  swamp  lott,  this  I  gave  to  him  formerly  by  a  deed  of  gift, 
also  eight  acres  of  my  timber  hill  lott,  and  something  better,  this 
also  he  had  formerly  by  a  deed  of  gift,  also  a  third  part  of  my 
lower  long  meadow  lott  both  plowing  and  grass  land  and  swamp 
after  my  son  Ebenezers  three  acres  be  taken  out  which  he  has 
now  under  improvement,  this  I  will  to  him  to  take  in  possession 
after  my  decease,  also  a  quarter  part  of  the  further  neck,  and 
round  meadow,  after  the  three  acres  of  upland  which  I  give  to  my 
daughter  Mary  Savage  be  taken  out,  also  a  quarter  part  of  the 
undivided  land  in  the  town  equall  with  his  brethren,  also  a  quarter 
part  of  the  half  of  that  lott  near  Wongung  bars,  or  Indian  Hill 
butting  upon  the  highway  east  over  against  my  son  Jonathan  War- 
ners, the  west  part  of  the  said  lott,  which  lott  I  have  split  into, 
reserving  the  east  part  of  it  for  myself,  with  the  swamp  adjoyn- 
ing  to  the  west  part  equall  with  Thomas. 

Item.  I  give  to  my  son  Joseph  that  lott  whereon  his  house  stands, 
and  one  acre  of  my  boggy  meadow,  with  the  just  half  of  my  Won- 
gung meadow  after  Thomas  has  his  one  acre  and  half  taken  out, 
also  the  fourth  part  and  fifteen  acres  of  my  plain  lott,  the  fifteen 
acres  to  be  taken  out  of  Thomas  part  in  consideration  of  Thomas 
being  made  better  y  he,  at  timber  hill,  also  to  be  divided  to  him 
by  quantity  and  quality  as  ye  rest  of  his  brethren  have,  also  a 
quarter  part  of  my  Long  lott  on  the  east  side  of  the  great  river 
also  a  quarter  part  of  the  west  part  of  my  lott  near  Wongung  bars 
equall  with  Thomas  and  John  as  before  mentioned,  with  the 
swamp  adjoyning  to  it,  also  a  third  part  of  my  lower  long  meadow 
lott  both  plowing  and  grass  land  and  swamp,  after  Ebenezer  has 
his  three  acres  taken  out  this  I  also  will  that  he  shall  have  in 
possession  after  my  decease,  also  a  quarter  part  of  further  neck 
and  round  meadow  after  the  three  acres  of  upland  which  I  give 
to  my  daughter  Mary  Savage  be  taken  out,  also  a  quarter  part 
of  butt  swamp  lott,  also  a  quarter  part  of  the  undivided  land  in 
the  town. 

Item.  I  give  to  my  son  Ebenezer  the  half  of  my  dwelling  house, 
homestead  and  old  barn,  and  it  is  my  will  that  my  said  son  Eben- 
ezer shall  have  the  other  half  of  my  dwelling  house,  barn  &  home- 
stead after  his  mothers  decease  provided  he  do  pay  to  Mary  Savage, 
Elizabeth  Warner,  and  Easter  Savage  five  pounds  apease  in  pay, 
also  that  he  shall  give  to  Hannah,  Margaret  and  Abigail  so  much 
of  his  part  of  Cold  Spring  lott  as  shall  amount  to  or  produce 
fifteen  pound  in  pay,  and  if  he  shall  refuse  and  neglect  to  pay  his 
three  sisters  first,  mentioned,  viz,  Mary  Savage,  Elizabeth  Warner 
and  Easter  Savage  their  Legacy  fifteen  pound  he  shall  then  resign 


up  two  acres  in  the  near  neck,  but  if  lie  pays  them  their  due  ac- 
cording to  my  will  he  shall  enjoy  the  same  after  my  and  my  wifes 
decease  when  he  shall  take  possession  of  the  whole  of  the  home- 
stead with  all  the  buildings  upon  it,  also  I  give  to  him  one  acre  of 
the  boggy  meadow,  and  the  fourth  part  of  the  plain  lott  to  be 
divided  to  him  according  to  quantity  and  quality,  also  a  quarter 
part  of  the  west  part  of  my  lott  near  Wongung  bars  or  Indian 
Hill  as  before  mentioned,  equal  with  Thomas,  John  and  Joseph, 
with  the  swamp  adjoyning  to  the  west  part,  the  east  part  of  ye 
said  lott  butting  upon  the  highway  against  my  son  Jonathan 
Warner  I  have  reserved  for  myself,  also  a  quarter  part  of  my  long 
lott  on  the  east  side  of  the  great  river,  also  a  quarter  part  of 
further  neck  and  round  meadow  after  the  three  acres  I  have  given 
to  my  daughter  Mary  Savage  be  taken  out,  also  a  quarter  part  of 
butt  swamp  lott,  also  a  quarter  part  of  the  undivided  land,  also  I 
give  to  my  son  Ebenezer  three  acres  or  thereabouts  which  he 
now  improves  of  my  lower  long  meadow  lott,  both  plowing  land 
and  grass  land  and  swamp. 

Item.  I  give  to  my  Son  and  daughter  John  and  Mary  Savage 
besides  wt  they  have  had  formerly  given  to  them  in  land  by  a  deed 
of  gift,  and  household  stuff,  I  do  now  give  them  and  tr  heirs  forever 
three  acres  of  my  land  on  the  farther  neck  against  ye  lott  in  the 
round  meadow  so  as  may  be  convenient  for  them  to  come  to  tr 
meadow  land  running  up  to  the  highway  also  five  pound  in  pay,  to 
be  paid  to  ym  by  my  son  Ebenezer. 

Item.     I  give  to  my  son  and  daughter  Jonathan  and  Elizabeth 
Warner  besides  what  they  have  had  given  to  them  formerly  in  land 
by  a  deed  of  gift  and  household  stuff,  it  is  my  will  that  they' 
have  given  to  the  other  viz :  Mary  &  Easter,  five  pounds  in  pay,  to 
be  paid  to  them  by  my  son  Ebenezer. 

Item.  I  give  to  my  son  and  daughter  Nathaniell  and  Easter 
Savage  besides  what  they  have  already  received  formerly  in  land 
by  a  deed  of  gift  and  household  stuff,  it  is  my  will  that  they 
shall  have  their  five  pound  as  ye  rest  have  which  Ebenezer  is  to 
pay,  and  also  I  do  give  to  ym  and  to  yr  heirs  forever  the  half 
of  my  half  mile  lott. 

Item.  I  give  to  Hannah,  Margarett  and  Abygail,  five  pound 
apeice  in  current  pay  which  my  son  Ebenezer  is  to  pay  unto  them 
out  of  his  part  in  the  plain  lott  in  Consideration  of  his  having 
the  whole  of  the  homestead  also  I  do  give  to  them  what  remaines 
of  my  boggy  meadow  that  I  have  not  given  to  yr  brothers,  what 
remaines  be  it  more  or  less  to  be  equally  divided  amongst  them 
after  my  decease  also  two  acres  in  the  east  side  of  the  near  neck 
next  to  a  highway  to  be  equally  divided  amongst  them  after  my 
decease,  Also  it  is  my  will  that  what  remaines  of  the  household 


stuff  besides  what  yr  mother  needs  for  her  own  personall  use 
and  benefit,  shall  be  equally  divided  amongst  them,  also  two 
eowes,  three  mares  and  all  the  sheep  to  be  equally  divided  betwixt 
them,  divideing  of  them  as  they  see  cause,  also  the  team  with  two 
oxen,  one  horse  together  with  all  the  husbandry  tools  and  what 
bedding  and  household  stuff  shall  be  left  after  yr  mothers  decease 
shall  be  equally  divided  amongst  my  three  daughters  Hannah, 
Margarett  and  Abygail,  also  I  give  unto  Hannah,  Margarett  and 
Abygail  the  just  half  of  my  half  mile  lott,  the  upper  part  of  it 
next  to  ye  short  lotts. 

Item.  I  give  to  my  grandson  Willett  Ranney  the  remaining  part 
of  timber  hill  lott  which  consists  of  eight  acres  or  thereabouts, 
four  acres  of  ye  plowing  land  he  may  now  take  possession  of,  the 
other  four  acres  of  pasture  he  shall  have  ye  possession  and  im- 
provement of  after  myne  and  my  wifes  decease. 
Item.  I  give  to  my  grandson  Thomas  Savage  my  lott  in  the  dead 

Lastly  I  do  nominate  and  appoint  my  son  Thomas,  John,  and 
Joseph  to  be  executors  of  this  my  will  and  testament,  to  take 
that  it  be  duly  executed  according  to  the  true  intent  and  meaning 
of  ye  same,  also  I  do  nominate  and  appoint  Mr.  David  Deming, 
and  my  son  John  Savage  as  overseers  of  this  my  last  will  and  testa- 
ment to  see  yt  the  Executors  do  fully  execute  this  my  will  and 
testament  and  yt  according  to  ye  true  intent  and  meaning  of  it. 
And  I  do  hereby  utterly  disallow,  revoke  and  disanull  all  and 
every  other  former  testaments,  wills  and  legacyes,  bequests  and 
Executors  by  me  in  any  wayes  before  this  time  named,  willed  and 
bequeathed,  ratifying  and  confirming  this  and  no  other  to  be  my 
last  will  and  testament. 

In  Testimony  whereof  I  have  hereunto  set  my  hand  and  affixed 
my  seal  this  eighth  day  of  March  in  the  year  of  our  Lord  one 
thousand  seven  hundred  and  eleven,  being  the  tenth  year  of  the 
reign  of  our  Soveraign  Lady  Ann  by  the  Grace  of  God,  Queen  of 
Great  Britain,  France  and  Ireland,  defender  of  ye  faith  &c. 

THOMAS  X  RANNY         (seal) 
Signed,  sealed  published  pronounced 
and  declared  by  me  Thomas  Ranny  as  my  last 
Will  and  testament  in  the  presence  of  us 
ye  subscribers,  viz : 
Nath:  White  Seni^ 
Samll  frary 
Timothy  Sage 

•y    o)_ 

Hf^tt^W^tM  X  / 

1 1/  .■■ 

■3^1!-^'-''    X 




It   Cost  hut  Two  Siullinos  to  Dig  the  Gravk  ov  Tiiomasi  Ranney 

(See  page  144) 


A  Leaf  from  Capt.  John  Warner's  Account  with  Ebenezeb2  Eannev 

(See  page  160) 


/.  >•    t->i4   V^^    /<•/'».  »/w'^:i/.  ^  G     (?^ 

(7  ai^^<iL./c^^ yc^    ff~if  <^o 

Capt.  Daniel  Kanney  Paid  Eight  Shillings  for 
THE  Grave  of  York,  a  Slave      (See  page  170) 


;.v:^..y.n'    ......    .    . 

<>  ^. 


ri)  flci)  nit,)  Aoai  a.>i,;  A 


.^^^    e  ^  o-f 

3  3         O   6    ,> 

r"  'Tx.-^  nit,)  Aoai  a.>i(/'  /jnX  airKSUKj  umyityO  /      «>  7  -<*■« 

A  Leaj"  FKoar  Captain  John  Warner's  Account 

WITH  Emenexer  Sage 
(See  page  627) 



An  inventory  of  the  estate  of  Thomas  Eany  late  of  Mideltown 
deceased,  taken  July  27:  1713  by  us  prisers  John  Sage  Samuell 
frary  and  John  Warner. 

To  his  waring  aparel, 

11    s    d 

to  a  cloak  ISs  to  a  gray  carsy  coat  £1-10 02-05-00 

to  3  vests  and  an  old  coat  ITs  to  a  pair  of  briches  5s 01-02-00 

to  2  pair  of  old  briches  2s  to  1  pair  of  gloves  Is 00-03-00 

to  1  pair  of  stockins  2s-Gd  to  2  pair  of  shoes  10s 00-12-06 

to  a  hat  2b  to  2  shirts  lis  to  2  neck-cloths  and  other  linen. . .  00-15-00 

to   cash   att   fifteen   peny   weight 18-04-00 

to  a  gun  and  sword  £1  to  amunition  and  powder  horns  5s-6(i  01-05-06 

to  a  bulit  mould  Is  to  3  pound  of  lead  Is  to  an  old  blanket  5s .  00-07-00 

to  a  feather  bed,  bolster  and  pillow  £3  to  2  underbeds  38 03-03-00 

to  25  yds  of  bed  ticking  £l-17s-6d  to  2  underbeds  more  9s 02-06-06 

to  5  feather  pillows  £1  to  2  old  coverlids  more  Ss 01-08-00 

to  7  coverlids  £3-10s  to  6  pair  of  old  sheets  £3 06-10-00 

to  3  pair  of  new  sheets  £3  to  16  fine  napkins  £l-4s 04-04-00 

to  5  table  cloths  15s  to  8  towels  8s  to  6  pillow  cots  128 01-15-00 

to  a  chees  cloth  Is  to  an  ink  horn  8^,  to  an  old  red  mantle  5s.  00-06-08 

to  3  yds  of  lincy-woolcy  9s  to  3  lb  of  flax  £1  to  2  meall  bags  8s  01-17-00 
to  11  lb  of  sheeps  wool  lis  to  2  chests  15s  to  a  box  and  and  old 

trunk  58  01-11-00 

to  a  new  bedstead  lOs  to  2  old  bedsteds  Gs  to  3  bed  cords  7s-6d  01-03-06 
to  a  brass  ketell  £4  to  2  brass  skilits  lis  to  an  old  brass 

cittell   5s    04-16-00 

to  an  iron  pot  £1  to  an  iron  kettel  10s  to  a  warming  pan  13s . .  02-03-00 

to  2  peuter  platters  14s  to  a  peuter  bason  5s  to  6  poringers  6s. .  01-05-00 
to  old  peuter  4s-8<i  to  a  chamber  pot   ls-8<i  to   an  eartheru 

plater   Is 00-07-04 

to  other  earthern  ware  4s-4<i  to  4  glass  bottels  2s  to  wooden 

and  platers  and  chese  moats  58  and  chees  press  48 0-15-04 

to  a  wooden  bottell  and  1  paill  23-61  to  a  hetchell  10s 00-12-06 

to  1  ponder  tub  7s  to  other  tubs  in  the  seller  5s  to  a  half 

bushell    ls-6d    00-08-06 

to  a  half  peck  6s  and  2  barils  4s  to  4  vines  3s  com  basket  Is.  00-08-06 

to  3  old  riddels  Is  to  3  old  bags  Is  to  a  half  pike  Is  2  sieues  3s.  00-06-00 
to  3  splinter  brooms   Is   to   2   powdering  more  3s  to  3   old 

cask    ls-6d    00-05-06 

to  a  meall  troaff  Is  to  3  bushels  of  mault  9s  to  half  bus  salt  2s  00-12-00 
to  5  spoons  and  2  pair  of  sisors  28  to  an  old  frying  and  a 

smothing    iron    4s 00-06-00 

to  7  small  baskets  2s  to  an  old  bible  and  other  old  books  8s . .  00-10-00 

to  4  chair  6s  and  4  cushins  28  to  a  table  10s  to  a  lamp  23 01-00-00 

to  a  pair  of  cards  Is-O^  to  a  slise  2s-6^  to  a  pair  of  tongs  38 . .  00-07-00 

to  a  tramill  and  hooks  6s  and  1  pair  of  pot  hooks  Is 00-07-0O 

to  14  lb.  of  coars  wool  9s-4'3  to  a  youk  and  stake  and  rings 

3s-6d     00-12-10 

to  hors  traces  and  whipeltree  chain  12s  and  coller  4s 00-16-00 

to  a  plow  chain  and  double  hooks  lOs  and  plow  cleui  2s-6<i . .  00-12-06 

to  a  sheare  and  coller  8s  to  a  cart  and  iron  to  it  £l-4s 01-04-00 


11    s    d 

to  a  fork  2s-6<i  to  a  cart  roap  5s  to  a  sith  and  tacklin  5b-Q^  . .  00-12-06 

to  a  broad  hoak  3s  to  a  timber  chain  fl-lSd  a  bridle  3s 01-15-06 

to  2  pair  of  fork  tines  3s  beatle  and  3  wedges  6b  an  ax  48 00-13-00 

an  old  ax  ls-6<i  and  cuting  knife  for  hay  4s-6d  and  sheep 

shears  2s    00-08-00 

to  a  hand  saw  3s  to  drawing  knife  4s-6<i  to  a  lathing  hamer 

2B-6a  to  another  hamer  Is-Ga  to  a  troah  Is 00-12-06 

to  chisels  and  a  goudg  and  a  punch  5s  2  trouels  4s 00-09-00 

to  old  broken  chains  and  old  iron  £1-Ss  sith  tacklin  2s-6d 01-10-06 

to  gimblits  and  awls  2s  to  2  spindels  Is  to  a  spade  33 00-06-00 

to  a  stubing  hoak  2s-6d  to  a  parcell  of  tand  leather  14s 00-16-06 

to  a  percell  of  nails  4s 00-04-00 

to  one  yoak  of  oxen  £9  to  a  three  yeare  old  stear  f 2-lOs 11-10-00 

to  a  heifer  fl-15s  to  one  Cow  £2-15s  to  2  mares  £5 09-10-00 

to  6  sheep  £l-10s  to  3  hindges  3s  to  a  cow  hide  2s-8<i 01-15-08 

to  the  house  and  homstead  and  barn 110-00-00 

to  the  uper  lott  in  the  long  meadow 42-00-00 

to  the  lower  lott  in  the  long  meadow 50-00-00 

to  the  boggy  meadow   lott  and  the  swamp 24-00-00 

to  the  round   meadow   lott 08-00-00 

to  4  acers  on  the  near  neck 15-00-00 

to  land  on  the  further  neck 09-00-00 

to   the  dead   swamp   lott 02-10-00 

to  five  acers  of  land  on  which  Thomases  hous  now  stands . .  15-00-00 

to  five  acers  of  land  on  which  Johns  hous  now  stands 15-00-00 

to  three  acers  of  land  on  which  Josephs  hous  now  stands..  15-00-00 

to  24  acers  of  land  att  hubards  hill 60-00-00 

to  315  acers  att  the  plains  or  Cold  Springs 150-00-00 

to  Waugog  meadow  lott 18-00-00 

to  15  acres  of  upland  neare  wangog  bars 15-00-00 

to  5  acers  and  half  of  swamp  land  att  the  uper  end  of  pason 

chog    05-10-00 

To  the  long  lott  on  the  east  side  the  great  riuer 80-10-00 

To  the  half  mile  lott  on  the  east  side  of  the  great  riuer 10-00-00 

To  the  half  of  a  half  mile  lott 07-10-00 

To  His  right  of  the  undivided  land  in  the  Towne 10-00-00 

Sum   totall 757-19-10 

The  aboue  luentory  taken  by  us  the  day  aboue  sett  downe, 

JOHN  Wabneb{  iTul^"^"^^^   }  Prisers 

Children : 

2  Thomas,  b.  Mar.  1,  1660-1. 

3  John,  b.  Nov.  14,  1662. 

4  Joseph,  b.  Sept.,  1663. 

5  Mary,  b.  Oct.,  1665;  m.  John-  Savage. 

6  Elizabeth,  b.  Apl.  12,  1668 ;  m.  Jonathan^  Warner. 

7  Esther,  bapt.  Apr.  22,  1673;    m.  ISTathanieP  Savage. 
Hannah,  bapt.  Mar.  23,  1675;    d.  Nov.,  1713. 


Margaret,  bapt.  Jan.  10,  1678-9;  m.  abt.  1734,  Stephen  Clark; 

living,  1734,  in  New  Haven. 
Ebenezer,  b.  abt.  1681. 

Mercy,  bapt.  Nov.  12,  1682;  d. . 

Abigail,  b.  ;    m.   Jan.   21,   1713-14,  Walter  Harris. 

She  "  departed  this  life  by  death,"  Dec.  15,  1714.    Child: 
Abigail,  b.  29,  1714;  d.  Nov.  20,  1714.     He  m.    (2) 

Jan.   23,   1717-18,   Elizabeth   Wheeler,   who   d.    Sept.    13, 

1718.     He  m.    (3)    Nov.    1,    1720,   Deborah   Prindle   of 



3     Thomas^  Eanney   (Thomas^),  b.  Mar.  1,  1660-1;    m.  Mar. 

29,  1691,  Hartford,  Eebecca  Willett,  b. ,  Hartford,  Conn., 

dan.  of  Nathaniel  Willett  and  Hannah-  Adams,  who  was  the  dan. 
of  Jeremy^  Adams  and  Eebecca2  Fletcher  (John^  Fletcher). 
Original  members  of  the  church  organized  in  the  "  North  Society," 
on  Jan.  5,  1714-15.  Their  homestead  was  on  the  right-hand  side 
of  the  road  leading  to  "Berlin  quarter,"  beginning  at  "Wilcox 
brook,"  being  part  of  the  land  bought  in  1686  from  the  estate 
of  John  Crow  by  Thomas  Eanney,  and  given  to  him  by  his  father's 
will,  according  to  the  custom  of  that  day,  though  he  undoubtedly 
had  built  on  it  at  the  time  of  his  marriage.  He  d.  Feb.  6,  1726, 
and  has  a  gravestone.     His  widow  married  Jacob^  White. 

,  Adams  Lineage — Jeremy  Adams,  in  Braintree,  1632 ;  freeman  in 
Cambridge,  May  6,  1635 ;  in  Hartford,  1636 ;  m.  Eebecca,  widow  of 
Samuel  Greenhill,  as  a  second  wife,  it  is  supposed;  given,  May,  1660, 
exclusive  right  to  retail  liquors;  Mar.,  1661-2,  to  keep  ordinary. 
This  tavern  was  on  the  site  of  the  new  (1906)  Traveller's  Building. 
In  it  the  Great  and  General  Court  was  in  session  with  the  Charter, 
when  the  demand  of  Gov.  Andros  was  ignored,  the  lights  put  out, 
and  the  Charter  concealed  in  the  Charter  Oak  tree.  He  held  many 
local  offices.  His  wife,  Eebecca,  d.  1678,  and  he  m.  (2)  Eebecca, 
widow  of  Andrew  Warner,  Jr.,  who  was  dau.  of  John  Fletcher.  He 
d,  Aug.  11,  1683.  His  widow  removed  to  Middletown,  where  she 
lived  with  a  son,  and  d.  Jan.  25,  1715,  aged  77. 

Hannah  Adams  m.  Nathaniel  Willett.  He  came  to  Hartford  in 
1642 ;  d.  Jan.  4,  1698. 

Will  of  Thomas-  Eanney 

I,  Thomas  Eanny  of  Middletown,  in  the  County  of  Hartford, 
husbandman,  doe  make  this  my  last  will  and  testament :  Imprimis : 
I  give  to  Eebeckah,  my  wife,  ^  of  my  now  dwelling  house,  ^  of 
my  land  at  home,  |  of  my  orchard  and  ^  of  my  land  in  the  long 
meadow.  This  I  give  her  during  her  natural  life,  excepting  only 
my  wearing  apparell,  which  I  give  to  my  three  sons,  Thomas, 
Willet  and  Nathaniel.  And  what  money  that  is  lent  out  I  give 
to  my  wife  to  be  at  her  own  disposal.     I  give  to  my  son  Thomas 



yt  lottment  of  land  whereon  his  house  stands;  also  I  give  him  my 
land  lying  on  the  plain,  north  of  lands  belonging  to  my  brother 
Joseph  Ranny  and  south  of  land  belonging  to  Lt.  Frary,  and  butts 
on  ye  road  from  Middletown  to  Wethersfield  west;  also  I  Give 
him  -J  of  my  other  land  lying  on  the  plain  easterly  of  land  that 
belongeth  to  my  brother  Joseph  Eanny;  also  I  give  him  half 
of  my  long  meadow  land  after  my  wife's  decease;  also  I  give  him 
the  I  of  my  land  in  Wangunk  meadow;  also  I  give  him  the  ^ 
of  my  Burch  Swamp  Pasture;  also  I  give  him  my  meadow  at 
Goose  Delight  and  all  my  Neck  land  that  lyeth  near  sd.  Goose 
Delight  Meadow. 

I  give  to  my  son  Willet  all  my  land  at  Timber  Hill;  also  my 
lower  lott  in  Boggy  Meadow;  also  I  give  him  the  remainder  of 
my  land  at  Passonchoague  after  my  grandson  George  hath  had 
2  acres  more  than  what  I  have  given  him  and  his  sister  by  deed 
of  gift,  and  two  acres  to  lye  next  to  that  which  I 'have  given  him 
and  his  sister  as  above,  and  then  all  the  remainder  of  my  land 
there  or  thereabouts  to  be  to  my  son  Willet;  also  I  give  him  ^ 
part  of  my  lottment  of  land  on  the  plain  that  lyeth  easterly  of 
land  that  belongeth  to  my  brother  Joseph  Eanny  and  westerly 
of  land  belonging  to  my  brother  Ebenezer  Eanny.  I  give  to  the 
heirs  of  my  son  George  in  this  my  will  what  I  have  given  them  by 
deed  of  gift.  Also  I  give  to  my  grandson  George  Ranny,  the 
son  of  my  son  George  Eanny  deed,  two  acres  of  land  adjoining 
to  that  which  I  have  given  to  him  and  his  sister  by  deed  of  gift, 
which  is  the  two  acres  above  specified.  I  give  to  my  son  Nathaniel 
the  -J  of  my  now  dwelling  house  and  half  of  my  barn,  -J  of  my 
land  at  home,  ^  of  my  orchard  at  my  decease  and  the  other  half 
at  my  wife's  decease.  I  give  to  my  three  daughters  Eebeca,  Mar- 
garet and  Anne,  |  of  my  moveable  estate  at  my  decease.  Also  I 
give  to  my  three  daughters  all  my  lands  that  are  already  laid  out 
in  the  last  division  on  the  east  side  of  the  Great  Eiver.  Also  I 
give  them  all  my  land  in  the  Eound  Meadow.  Also  I  give  them 
all  my  land  lyeing  on  the  Heither  Neck,  so  called.  Also  I  give 
to  my  three  sons  all  my  propriety  right  in  lands  that  are  yet  to  be 
divided  in  Middletown.  And  whereas  it  is  sayd  in  that  part  of 
my  will  that  my  son  Willet  shall  have  all  my  land  at  Timber 
Hill,  it  is  to  be  understood  that  Willet  is  to  accomodate  his  mother 
with  pasturing  for  a  cow  or  two  if  she  needs  it.  I  appoint  my 
three  sons,  Thomas,  Willet  and  Nathaniel,  Executors. 

Thomas   X.   Eanny, 

Witness :  Joseph  Eanny 
Roger  Gipson,  John  Warner 


Be  it  known  to  all  men  by  these  presents:  That  whereas  I, 
Thomas  Eanny  of  the  Town  of  Middletown°  have  made  my  last 
will  and  testament  in  writeing  bearing  date  31st  January  1726-7, 

I  the  sd.  Thomas  Eanny,  by  this  present  codicil,  do  ratify  and 
confirm  my  sd.  last  will  and  testament,  and  do  will  and  bequeath 
to  my  three  daughters,  Rebeckah,  Anne  and  Margaret,  the  sum  of 
£20  in  money  or  bills  of  credit  of  this  Colony  or  the  neighboring 
provinces,  to  "be  paid  unto  them  by  my  son  Willet  on  consideration 
of  his  having  all  my  land  at  Timber  Hill,  the  sd.  £20  to  be  paid 
after  my  wife's  decease. 

Thomas  X  Eanny. 

Witness :     Joseph  Eanny 
Eoger  Gipson,    John  Warner. 

Children  : 
9     Thomas,  b.  Aug.  14,  1692. 
10     Willett,  b.  Mar.  30,  1693-4. 

II  George,  b.  Oct.  28,  1695. 

Eebecca,  b.  Dec.  10,  1700;  m.  Jonathan^  Doolittle.     (See  the 
Doolittle  Family.) 
12     Nathaniel,  b.  June  17,  1702. 

Ann,  b.  July  23,  1706. 

Margaret,  b.  Aug.  21,  1708 ;  m.  Ebenezer^  Ranney. 

3  John2  Eanney,  (Thomas^),  b.  Nov.  14,  1662;  m.  Dec.  28, 
1693,  Hannah  Turner,  b.  Mar.  4,  1678-9,  Middletown,  dau.  of  Ed- 
ward Turner  and  Mary  Sanford. 

Edward  Turner  was  in  Milford,  1651 ;  rem.  to  Middletown  m 
1665.  In  his  will  he  names  his  daughter  Hannah  "now  the  wife 
of  John  Eanney."  His  tombstone  in  Eiverside  Cemetery  says  he 
died  Apr.  4,  1717,  aged  84.  Eichard  Sanford  was  in  Boston  in 
1640,  in  which  year  his  wife  Margery  died. 

John^  Eanney  and  his  wife  were  adm.  to  full  communion  in  the 
Middletown  ch.  June  2,  1695;  were  original  members  of  the  North 
Society  ch.  organized  Jan.  5,  1714-15.  His  homestead  was  next 
north  of  that  of  his  brother  Thomas.  In  1717  he  sold  out  and  rem. 
to  East  Middletown  where  he  and  his  wife  were  original  members 
of  the  Third  Society  ch.  organized  1721.  The  dates  of  their 
deaths  are  unknown. 

Marcel  b.  Dec.  28,  1695,  Upper  Houses;  m.  July  19,  1722, 
East  Middletown,  John  Hall,  b.  Aug.  19,  1699,  Upper 
Houses,  son  of  Deacon  Samuel  Hall  and  Sarah  Hinsdale. 
She  d.  Oct.  1,  1762,  he  Feb.  3,  1767.     Children: 



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Jolm,  Hannah,  Marce,  Gideon  and  Mary*,  who  m.  Comfort 
Eaton  ;  Sylvaniis^  Eaton  m.  Sarah  Goodrich ;  David^  Eaton 
m.  Selinda  Sweetland ;  Jacob  Sweetland^  Eaton  m.  Adaline 
Reynolds;  Jane  Adaline^  Eaton  m.  Henry  Kirke  Wight. 
They  res.  Indian  Orchard,  Mass. 

Hannah,  b.  June  1,  1699;  d.  Nov.  26,  1699. 

John,  b.  Sept.  13,  1700;  d.  Sept.  20,  1700. 

13  John,  b.  Oct.  1,  1703. 

14  Richard,  b.  Feb.  18,  1705. 
Deborah,  b.  Aug.  24,  1708. 

Jeremiah,  b.  Jan.  25,  1713;  d.  Feb.  16,  1713. 

Samuel,  b.  Aug.  12,  1715;  m.  Ann  Miller,  b.  Dec.  7,  1701, 
dau.  of  John  Miller  and  Marcy  Bevins.  He  served  in  7th 
Co.,  Capt.  Herlihy,  1st  Reg.,  1758,  French-Indian  War, 
reported  as  having  d.  Aug.  21,  1758.  Owned  several  pieces 
of  property.     No  probate  record. 

4  Joseph^  Ranney  (Thomas^),  b.  Sept.  1663,  Upper  Houses; 
m.  Jan.  1693,  Mary*  Starr,  b.  1672,  New  London,  Ct.,  d.  Oct.  I8, 
1747,  Upper  Houses,  dau.  of  Comfort^  Starr  and  Marah  Weld. 
He  was  given  as  a  homestead  a  part  of  the  land  bought  in  1686 
by  his  father  of  John  Crow's  estate.  His  house  stood  where  Deacon 
John  Stevens  built.  It  was  transferred  to  him  in  his  father's  will. 
He  and  his  wife  were  adm.  to  full  communion  in  the  original 
church  on  Sept.  15,  1695.  They  were  original  members  of  the 
North  Society  ch.,  organized  Jan.  5,  1714-15.  In  1740  he  deeded  his 
various  properties  to  his  children.  He  d.  Mar.  21,  1745.  Their 
tombstones  are  seen  herewith. 

Will  of  Joseph^  Ranney 

This  first  Day  of  July,  In  the  fourteenth  year  of  the  Reign  of 
his  Majesty  King  George  the  second  Anno  Domini  1740.  I  Joseph 
Ranny  of  Middletown,  in  the  County  of  Hartford  and  Colony  of 
Connecticut,  in  New  England,  being  advanced  in  years,  and  very 
infirm  in  body,  but  of  sound  disposeing  mind  and  memory,  thanks 
be  given  to  God  therefor,  and  calling  to  mind  the  mortality  of  my 
body,  knowing  it  is  appointed  for  man  once  to  Dye,  do  make  and 
ordain  this  my  last  will  and  testament,  that  is  to  say,  principally 
and  first  of  all  I  give  and  recommend  my  soul  into  the  hands  of 
God  that  gave  it,  when  he  shall  put  a  Period  to  my  temporal  life 
and  my  body  to  the  earth  to  a  Decent  burial,  Hopeing  to  have  free 
pardon  of  all  my  sins,  through  the  merits  of  Jesus  Christ  my 
blessed  Redeemer,  and  to  inherit  everlasting  life,  and  as  touching 
such  worldly  estate  wherewith  it  hath  pleased  God  to  bless  me  in 


this  Life,  I  give,  demise,  and  dispose  of  the  same  in  the  following 
manner  and  form. 

Imp*.  I  give  and  bequeath  unto  Mary  my  well  beloved  wife 
one  third  part  of  all  my  household  goods  whatsoever,  and  one  good 
cow,  six  sheep,  and  one  swine,  all  which  to  be  at  her  own  dispose. 
I  also  give  her  the  improvement  of  one  third  part  of  all  my  build- 
ings and  improved  lands  and  fire  wood  (which  I  have  reserved  for 
her  in  the  deeds  that  I  have  given  to  my  sons)  During  the  time 
that  she  shall  remain  my  widow. 

And  whereas  I  have  by  deeds  of  gift  disposed  of  all  my  real 
estate  to  and  among  my  three  sons  Joseph  Daniel  and  Jonathan  I 
also  hereby  give  them  all  and  every  part  of  my  personal  estate  what- 
soever, that  I  have  not  herein  given  to  my  wife,  Hereby  also  oblig- 
ing my  sd.  three  sons  to  pay  all  my  just  debts,  funeral  charges  and 
legacies  after  mentioned,  viz :  to  Edward  Shepard  &  Mary  Shep- 
ard  the  only  children  of  my  daughter  Mary  Shepard,  Dec'd.  the 
sum  of  fourty  pounds  money,  to  my  daughter  Abigail  Stocking  the 
sum  of  fourty  pounds  money,  to  my  daughter  Sibel  Porter,  the  sura 
of  fourty  pounds  money,  and  to  Lucia  Stocking  and  Grace  Stocking 
the  only  children  of  my  daughter  Eachel  Stocking  dec'd  the  sum 
of  fourty  pounds  money,  which  my  sd  sons  shall  pay  in  the  parts 
following,  Joseph  fourty  five  pounds  thereof,  Daniel  fourty  five 
pounds  thereof  and  Jonathan  the  remaining  seventy  pounds,  which 
legacies  my  sd  sons  shall  pay  to  such  of  my  sd  daughters  and 
grandchildren  as  shall  be  of  lawful  age  at  my  decease,  one  half 
thereof  within  three  months  after  my  decease  and  the  other  half 
within  nine  months  after  my  decease  and  those  of  my  sd  grand 
children  that  shall  not  be  of  lawful  age  at  my  decease,  shall  receive 
their  legacies  as  they  come  to  lawful  age. 

And  my  will  is  that  if  one  of  the  sd.  children  of  either  or  both 
of  my  sd  deceased  daughters  should  decease  before  they  attain  to 
lawful  age  the  surviver  shall  receive  the  whole  of  said  forty  pounds. 
But  if  both  the  sd  children  of  either  of  my  sd  daughters  should 
decease  before  they  attain  to  lawful  age,  my  will  is  that  the  said 
forty  pounds  shall  remain  to  my  said  three  sons. 

And  I  do  hereby  nominate,  constitute  and  appoint  my  said  three 
sons  Joseph  Eanny,  Daniel  Eanny  &  Jonathan  Ranny  executors  to 
this  my  last  will  and  testament.  Hereby  ratify  allowing  and  con- 
firming this  and  no  other  to  be  my  last  will  and  testament. 

In  witness  whereof  I  have  hereto  set  my  hand  and  seal  the  day 
and  year  before  written  Joseph  Ranny  (Seal) 

Signed,  sealed,  published  and 

declared  by  the  said  Joseph 
Ranny  to  be  his  last  will 

and  Testament.     In  presence  of,  etc. 


Children  : 

15  Mary,  b.  Dec.  14,  1694;  m.  Samuel  Shepard. 
Elizabeth,  b.  Jan.  1,  1697;  d.  Jan.  9,  1723. 

16  Joseph,  b.  Apr.  11,  1699. 

Abigail,  b.  Nov.  16,  1702;  m.  Dec.  20,  1726,  Capt.  Joseph 
Stocking.     (See  the  Stocking  Family.) 

Sybil,  b.  Mar.  10,  1704;  m.  Aug.  21,  1724  Amos  Porter.  Chil- 
dren: Eachel,  Gideon,  Amos,  Lucretia,  Asahel,  Sybil, 

17  Daniel,  b.  July  13,  1707. 

18  Jonathan,  b.  Aug.  26,  1709. 

Eachel,  b.  Dec.  25,  1711,  m.  Jan.  26,  1737,  Elisha  Stocking. 
(See  the  Stocking  Family.) 

[Starr  Lineage — Dr.  Comfort^  Starr,  b.  England,  lived  in  Ash- 
ford  Co.,  Kent,  in  the  practice  of  his  profession,  was  a  man  of 
Avealth,  position,  and  importance,  being  in  1631  Warden  of  St. 
Mary's  church  and  in  1634  on  a  committee  to  repair  the  church. 
He  having  taken  the  oath  of  conformity  to  the  orders  and  discipline 
of  the  Church  of  England,  came  from  Sandwich,  Co.  Kent,  Mar. 
21,  1634-5,  in  the  ship  Hercules  and  made  his  residence  in  New- 
towne,  now  Cambridge,  Mass.,  where  he  practiced  his  profession. 
He  rem.  to  Duxbury  and  in  1649  to  Boston,  where  he  d.  Jan.  2, 
1659-60.     (See  Starr  Genealogy.) 

Dr.  Thomas  Starr^,  b.  England;  d.  Oct.  26,  1658 ;  m.  Eachel  Har- 
ris. He  was  appointed.  May  17,  1637,  chirurgeon  to  the  forces 
sent  against  the  Pequots.  He  lived  in  Duxbury,  Scituate,  Yar- 
mouth and  Charlestown,  where  in  1654  he  was  "  clerk  of  the 

Comfort^  Starr,  b.  1644,  Scituate,  Mass.;  d.  Oct.  18,  1693,  Mid- 
dletown,  Conn. ;  m.  in  Boston,  Marah  Weld,  bapt.  Aug.  2,  1646,  at 
Eoxbury,  dau.  of  Joseph  Weld  and  Barbara  Clapp.  He  went  to 
New  London  in  1671,  but  soon  rem.  to  Middletown,  where  he  was 
granted  lands  in  Mar.,  1674-5.  He  left  no  will.  The  inventory 
names  his  children.  Comfort  24,  Joseph  17,  Benjamin  15,  Thomas 
7,  Daniel  1,  IMary  22,  Hannah  20,  Eachel  10.] 

[Shepard  Lineage — Edward^  Shepa^rd,  a  cooper,  was  an  early  resi- 
dent of  Cambridge,  Mass.     He  had  six  children. 

Sergeant  John^  Shepard,  b.  abt.  1627,  was  made  a  freeman  at 
Cambridge,  Mass.,  in  1650;  m.  Oct.  1,  1649,  Eebecca  Greenhill, 
b.  1634,  dau.  of  Samuel  Greenhill.  He  had  six  cliildren.  Edward, 
the  sixth,  rem.  to  Hartford,  residing  on  what  is  Lafayette  street. 


Edward^  Shepard,  b.  July  31,  1662,  Hartford,  Conn.;  d.  Sept. 
9,  1711,  Upper  Houses.  He  was  granted  land  where  the  Cong, 
church  now  stands;  m.  Apr.  14,  1687,  AbigaiP  Savage  (John^), 
b.  July  10,  1666;  d.  Oct.  16,  1719. 

Children : 

John,  b.  Feb.  19,  1688;  m.  Feb.  17,  1720,  Sarah  Clark,  dau. 
of  John  Clark  and  Elizabeth  White,  dau.  of  Capt.  Na- 
thaniel.   They  rem.  to  East  Middletown. 

Edward,  b.  Dec.  18,  1689 ;  d.  Apr.  29,  1721. 

Samuel,  b.  Apr.  18,  1692.] 

5  Mary^  Eauney  (Thomas^),  b.  Oct.  1665,  Upper  Houses;  m. 
May  20,  1682,  John^  Savage,  b.  Dec.  1,  1652,  d.  Oct.  31,  1726, 
son  of  John^  Savage  and  Elizabeth  Dublin.  (See  the  Savage  Fam- 
ily.) He  was  com*^.  Captain  of  the  traine  band  in  1711.  She  d. 
Aug.  19,  1734.  They  were  original  members  of  the  church  in  the 
North  Society  organized  Jan.  5,  1714-15. 

Children : 

John,  b.  Feb.  20,  1683,  d.  Mar.  13,  1683. 

Thomas^  b.  Aug.  21,  1684;  m.  Mary  Goodwin  of  Hartford. 
(John*,  Huldah^,  Hepzibah®  Wilcox,  Norris  Galpin^,  Henry 
Norris^  Galpin,  Euth^  Galpin,  a  Life  Member  of  Soc.  M.  U. 
H.,  res,  Berlin,  Conn.) 

John,  b.  Jan.  30.  1685;  d.  Aug.  20,  1686. 

John,  b.  Aug.  7,  1688;  d.— . 

Mary,  b.  Feb.  11,  1690-1;  m.  Sept.  22,  1709,  David  Hurlbut, 
son  of  John  Hurlbut  and  Mary  Deming. 

William,  b.  July,  1693;  m.  Nov.  6,  1729,  Hannah^  Savage, 
(William^,  John^). 

Elizabeth,  b.  July,  1696;  m.  Sept.,  1725,  Andrew*  Cornwall, 
(William^  William-,  William^). 

Abigail,  b.  Dec.  1698;  d.  Mar.  1699. 

Sarah,  b.  Sept.,  1700;  m.  June  2,  1726,  William^  Savage, 
(William^,  John^). 

EacheP,  b.  Jan.  15,  1703-4;  m.  Apr.  4,  1728,  William  Good- 
rich, (Mary*,  Euth'  Watson,  Euth''  Buck,  James  Gurdon^ 
Taylor,  b.  Nov.  6,  1842 ;  m.  Apr.  13,  1865,  Adelia  M.  Miner. 
Ees.  So.  Glastonbury,  Ct.) 

Mercy,  b.  Apr.  10,  1706;  m.  Mar.  1,  1726-7,  George*  Stocking, 
(George^  SamueP,  George^). 

6  Elizabeth-  Eanney  (Thomas^),  b.  Apr.  12,  1668,  Upper 
Houses,  m.  Aug.  4,  1698,  Jonathan^  Warner,  b.  ,  son 


of  John-  Warner,  who  came  to  Upper  Houses  about  1660,  occupying 
the  Eobert  Webster  place,  and  grandson  of  Andrew^  Warner.  She 
was  received  into  full  com.  of  Middletown  ch.  July  28,  1695  and 
was  an  origiilal  member  of  the  church  organized  in  the  North 
Society,  Jan,  5,  1714-15.  They  rem.  to  East  Middletown  about 
1710,  where  she  was  an  original  member  of  the  Third  Church  or- 
ganized in  1721.  He  d.  Nov.  4,  1733.  She  d.  Feb.  11, 1757.  Both 
have  gravestones. 

Children  : 

Jonathan,  b.  July  2,  169—;  d.  July  6,  170—. 

John,  b.  Aug.  16,  171— ;  d.  Sept.  5,  171—. 

7  Esther"  Eanney  (Thomas^),  bapt.  Apr.  22,  1673;  m.  Dec. 
3,  1696,  Nathaniel-  Savage  (John^),  b.  May  7,  1671,  Upper 
Houses.  He  was  14  years  of  age  when  his  father  died  and  willed 
him  the  homestead.  In  1709  he  sold  it  to  Lieut.  Samuel  Prary 
of  Wethersfield  and  rem.  to  East  Middletown  where  she  was  an 
original  member  of  the  third  church,  organized  in  1721.  He  was 
Lieut,  of  the  east  side  train  band,  and  d  Jan.  4,  1734-5;  she  d. 
Apr.  1,  1750.     Both  have  gravestones. 


Esther^,  b.  Sept.  2,  1697;  d.  Apr.  16,  1769;  m.  Apr.  2,  1724, 
William*  Cornwall  (William^  ^  ^  )•  He  had  a  grist  mill 
in  E.  Middletown  and  d.  Dec.  13,  1775.  (RacheP  Cornwall, 
Prudence^  Goodrich,  Prudence*^  Dixon,  DanieP  Penfield, 
Daniel  Edward^  Penfield,  who  m.  Jan.  1,  1871,  Alice® 
Buck,  Silas^  Buck,  Erastus*'  Buck,  Ruth^  Watson,  Mary* 
Goodrich,  RacheP  Savage,  Mary-  Ranhey,  Thomas^  D.  E. 
Penfield  and  wife  have  Katie  Louise,  b.  Feb.  24,  1874: 
d.  Apr.  13,  1874.  Res.  Warren,  Mass.)  (John*  Corn- 
wall, Ozias^  Ellesworth^  Sally  Melissa^  Sarah  Jane®,  b. 
Aug.  9,  1838;  m.  June  27.  1876,  Russell  Smith  Taft,  b. 
Jan.  28,  1835,  Williston,  Vt.,  d.  Mar.  22, 1902,  State  Senator, 
Judge  Probate,  Chief  Judge  of  Supreme  Court  of  Vt. 
Child:  Russell  Wales,  b.  May  4,  1878,  grad.  1898,  m.  Dec. 
16,  1901.  Winona  Lee  Brigham,  dau.  of  Rev.  Sidney  Sum- 
ner Brigham;  son  Robert  Brigham,  b.  Oct.  4,  1902.  Res. 
of  Mrs.  Judge  Taft  and  son,  Burlington,  Vt.) 

Nathaniel,  b.  Oct.  3,  1698;  d.  Apr.  27,  1699. 

Abigail,  b.  Apr.  9,  1700;  m.  Mar.  21,  1726-7,  Stephen  Board- 

Susanna,  b.  June  29,  1702;  m.  Dec.  24,  1735,  John  Stephen- 


Mary,  b.  July  10,  1704;  d.  July  27,  1743. 

Elizabeth,  b.   Jan.   27,   1707-8;  m.   Feb.   12,  1746,  Gershom 

John,  b.  Sept.  1,  1710. 

Nathaniel,  b.  Oct.  29,  1713;  d.  Dec.  6,  1716. 
Jabez,  b.  July  12,  1718;  d.  July  20,  1743. 

8     Ebenezer-  Eanney  (Thomas^),  b.  abt.  1681,  Upper  Houses; 

m.  Aug.  4,  1698,  Sarah  Warner,  b. ,  dau  of 

John  Warner  and  .  They  resided  on  adjoining  home- 
steads. She  died  Oct.  4,  1741.  He  died  May  8,  1754.  No  tomb- 
stones. He  had  inherited  the  homestead.  His  will.  May  24,  1748, 
gives  "  to  my  well  beloved  son,  Ebenezer  Ranny,  all  and  singular 
my  lands,  messuages,  tenements  with  two  thirds  of  my  horses,  cat- 
tle and  sheep,  husbandry  Emprovements  of  what  kind  soever  and 
also  my  gun  and  war  like  stores  of  every  sort,  together  with  all 
my  money,  notes,  bonds  and  other  securities  for  money  and  all  my 
wearing  apparel  with  one  third  part  of  my  household  stuff  and 
my  will  is  that  my  son  Ebenezer  Ranny  should  keep  winter  and 
summer  one  cow  and  six  sheep  for  my  daughter  Hannah  Ranny 
so  long  as  she  lives  unmarried.       t 

To  Hannah  the  south  part  of  the  house  and  what  she  needs 
of  the  cattel  and  two  thirds  parts  of  my  household  stuff  during 
her  life  and  if  she  have  no  lawful  heir  of  her  body  to  be  distributed 
to  my  son  Ebenezer  and  my  daughter  Ruth  Moss. 

To  Ruth  Moss  £10  old  tenner  to  be  paid  by  my  executor  within 
12  months  after  my  decease. 

Extracts  from  the  inventory.  "  In  old.  tenor  money  Rhode  Island 
&  Hampshire  old  tenour  £77.  17-6.  Conn,  old  tenour  £17-6-6." 
Total  was  £901-2-6. 

Children  : 
Sarah,  b.  Jan.  15,  1699;  d.  Sept.  4,  1742. 
Hannah,  b.  Mar.  25,  1702;  unm.  in  1748. 
19     Ebenezer,  b.  Nov.  22,  1704. 

Ruth,  b.  Apr.  6,  1707;  mm.  Apr.  13,  1738,  Theophilus  Moss 
of  Wallingford.     Children: 
Ebenezer,  b.  Nov.  25,  1740 ;  m.  Apr.  27,  1764,  Esther  Pres- 
Esther,  b.  June  10,  1744;  d.  Aug.  25,  1744. 
Ruth,  b.  Apr.  17,  1746. 
Esther,  b.  Mar.  7,  1710;  d.  Oct.  7,  1741. 

[Moss  Lineage — John^  Moss  was  in  New  Haven  as  early  as  1645. 
He  was  a  prominent  man  there,  frequently  representing  the  people 


in  the  General  Court.  In  1667  he  was  in  Wallingford.  In  1670 
at  the  age  of  sixty-seven  he  was  active  in  procuring  an  act  of  incor- 
poration, giving  the  name  of  Wallingford  to  the  town,  after  which 
he  often  represented  this  town  in  the  Great  and  General  Court.  He 
d.  in  1707,  at  the  advanced  age  of  one  hundred  and  three.  (See 
the  Moss  Genealogy. ) 

John-  Moss,  b.  ;  m.  1677,  Martha  Lathrop,  who  d. 

Sept.  21,  1719.    He  d.  Mar.  31,  1717.    Ten  children. 

Deacon  SamueP  Moss,  b.  Nov.  18,  1680;  m.  Dec.  15,  1703, 
Susannah  Hall.  He  d.  July  29,  1765;  she  d.  Mar.  4,  1766,  aged 
eighty-three  years. 

Theophilus*  Moss,  b.  Oct.  24,  1704;  m.  Apr.  13,  1738,  Euth 


9  Thomas^  Eanney  (Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  Aug.  14,  1692, 
Upper  Houses;  m.  Feb.  26,  1720,  Esther  Wilcox,  b.  Oct.  31,  1699, 
Upper  Houses,  dau.  of  Ephraim^  Wilcox  (son  of  John-  Wilcox 
and  Esther  Cornwall)  and  Silence  Hand,  dau.  of  Joseph  Hand 
and  Jane  Wright  of  Guilford.  By  the  will  of  his  father  he  re- 
ceived the  farm  on  which  he  was  then  residing  and  on  which  he 
lived  till  his  death.  Mar.  22,  1764.  She  died  Oct.  3,  1779.  This 
farm  is  now  the  S.  V.  Hubbard  place,  a  mile  north  of  the  Church 
Green,  and  is  on  the  main  road  to  Hartford. 

The  estate  was  divided  by  agreement  among  the  "  aiers."  The 
home  lot  comprised  "  seven  aykers "  and  over.  There  had  been 
advanced  by  deeds  to  Jeremiah  £33-7-6;  to  Thomas  £40;  and  to 
Ephraim  £80.  These  three  sons  were  to  give  their  mother  £7  per 
year  for  life.  To  "  Abijay  "  was  given  half  the  house  and  home 
lot  and  £5  "rit"  (right)  in  the  "hous"  and  barn.  Dorothy, 
("Doole")  and  the  other  daughters  each  received  money  and 
other  parts  of  the  "  parsnel  a  steat  "  (personal  estate).  The  "  dis- 
trebueshion "  is  signed  by  Widow  Easter  Eanney,  and  all  the 
children  except  Abijah  and  Ephraim.  The  latter  signed  on  re- 
turning on  a  visit  from  Westminster,  Vt.  Abijah  bought  the  in- 
terests of  the  other  heirs  in  the  homestead  and  occupied  it  till  1795 
when  he  disposed  of  it  and  removed  to  Sheffield,  Mass. 

Children : 

20  Jeremiah,  b.  Julv  13,  1721. 

21  Thomas,  b.  Feb.  i3,  1723. 

22  Ephraim,  b.  Apr.  10,  1725. 

Desire,  b.  Sept.  3,  1727;  m.  Mar.  22,  1753,  Moses  Wilcox. 

Children:     John,  Eeuben,  Joseph,  Samuel,  Mary,  Eeuben, 

Esther,  b.  Feb.  11,  1730;  d.  unm.  Jan.  18,  1817. 
Dorothy,  b.  Nov.  29,  1732;  d.  unm.  Mar.  15,  1799. 
Azubah,  b.  Mar.  30,  1735;  m.  Oct.  24,  —  Lieut  Charles'*  Butler, 

a  Eev.  soldier,  (Charles*,  Eichard^,  Joseph,-  Dea.  Eichard^). 

Child:     Simeon,  b.  Aug.  13,  1755,  deacon,  in  Eocky  Hill 

Cong.  ch.     (See  the  Butler  Family.) 
Hope,  b.  Nov.  9,  1737;  d.  unm.  Jan.  28,  1817. 



Submit  Hand,  b.  Feb.  17,  1740;  m.  Jan.  30,  1766,  Dea.  John 
Gaines  of  East  Middletown. 
23     Abijah,  b.  Aug.  28,  1743. 

10  Willett^  Eanney  (Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  Mar.  30,  1693-4, 
Upper  Houses;  m.  (1)  Apr.  20,  1720,  New  Haven,  Ct.,  Anne  John- 
son, b.  Feb.,  1691,  dau.  of  John^  Johnson  and  Mabel  Grannis. 
She  d.  Mar.  29,  1731,  and  he  m.  (2)  Dec.  23,  1731,  Deborah*  White, 
b.  Feb.  26,  1694,  dau.  of  Jacob^  White  and  Deborah  Shep- 
ard.  He  was  a  favorite  grandson,  judging  from  the  will  of 
Thomas^.  He  received  from  his  father  the  Timber  Hill  property, 
so  that  he  had  a  farm  of  90  acres.  He  built  the  mansion  now 
owned  and  occupied  by  Mr.  William  Bergin,  and  which  is  at  the 
base  of  Timber  Hill.  He  was  a  slave  holder  and  caused  the  negro 
children  to  be  baptized.  His  tombstone  indicates  his  standing  in 
the  community.  He  gave  the  homestead  to  his  son  Willett  and 
purchased  of  Eoger  Gibson  his  homestead  of  four  acres,  north  of 
the  Thomas  Stow  house.  He  d.  Sept.  5,  1751.  And  the  name  had 
become  Eanney. 

Will  of  Willett^  Eanney 

In  the  Name  of  God  Amen.  .  The  Second  Day  of  September 

I,  Willit  Eanney  of  Middletown  in  the  County  of  Hartford  & 
Coloney  of  Connecticut  in  New  England  Yeoman,  Being  sick  and 
week  in  Body,  But  of  a  Sound  &  perfect  mind  &  memory  thanks 
be  given  unto  God:  therefore  Calling  to  mind  the  Mortality  of 
the  Body  &  knowing  that  it  is  appointed  for  all  men  once  to  Dye 
Do  make  &  ordain  this  my  Last  &  only  Will  &  Testiment  that  is 
to  say  Principally  &  first  of  all  I  give  &  Eecommend  my  Soul  into 
the  Hand  of  God  that  gave  it.  And  my  Body  I  Eecommend  to  the 
Earth  to  be  buried  in  Decent  Christian  Buriel  at  the  Discretion  of 
my  Executors :  nothing  doubting  but  at  the  General  Eesurrection 
I  shall  Eeceive  the  same  again  by  the  mighty  power  of  God.  And 
as  Touching  such  worldly  estate  wherewith  it  hath  pleased  God  to 
Bless  me  in  this  life  I  Give  &  Demise  &  Dispose  of  the  same  in  the 
following  Manner  &  Form 

Imprimis.  I  give  &  Bequeath  unto  my  well  Beloved  Wife  Deb- 
orah Eanney  all  that  she  brought  with  her  when  we  were  Merried 
to  be  at  her  own  disposal:  &  I  give  her  the  improvement  of  one 
of  my  Dwelling  houses  which  she  shall  choose  &  the  improvement 
of  one  Third  part  of  my  Home  Lott  I  live  on  &  the  land  Adjacent 
to  it,  &  one  Third  of  my  Whitmore  Lott,  Gipson  Lott  wheEe  my 
house  stands  &  my  Swamp  Meadow  Lott.    This  I  give  her  so  long 


as  she  remains  my  Widow.  I  also  give  her  two  Good  Feather 
Beds  with  proper  furniture  includeing  what  she  brought  with  her : 
I  give  her  two  Cows  which  she  shall  Choose  &  a  Heifer  Coming 
two  years  old,  &  my  Rideing  Mare  &  ten  sheep,  as  long  as  she 
is  my  widow.  &  my  will  is  that  my  two  Daughters  Thankful!  & 
Elizabeth  should  live  in  the  house  with  their  mother  as  long  as 
they  or  Either  of  them  shall  remain  unmerried,  &  in  ease  my  wife 
should  Dye  before  either  or  both  my  above  named  Daughters  shall 
merry  Then  they  or  either  of  them  shall  have  the  Privilege  of 
living  with  my  son  Willet  Ranney.  My  will  is  that  my  wife  shall 
have  wood  brought  to  the  Door  by  my  son  Willet  Ranney  sufficient 
to  maintain  one  fire  &  well  prepared  for  that  purpose.  My  will  is 
that  the  Creatures  I  have  given  to  my  wife  shall  be  kept 
thro  the  Winter  upon  the  hay  I  have  provided,  &  also  a  sufficient 
quantity  of  Grain  &  Meal  shall  be  given  my  wife  out  of  my  move- 
ables to  supply  her  &  my  two  Daughters  who  are  to  live  with  her 
for  the  year  Coming. 

Item.  I  give  &  bequeath  to  my  well  beloved  son  Willit  Ranney 
all  my  Lands  &  Buildings  Except  what  shall  be  hereafter  Disposed 
off  to  my  Daughters  I  give  my  son  Willit  my  Negro  Man  Peter, 
My  team  of  four  oxen  &  all  my  husbandry  Tools  my  year  old  Coalt, 
my  Gun  &  Sword  &  war  like  stores  &  also  all  my  wearing  Apperril 
&  my  will  is  that  after  my  wife  has  received  out  of  my  moveables 
sufficient  provision  for  the  year  for  herself  &  two  daughters  Thank- 
ful &  Elizabeth  Then  what  remains  of  my  Moveable  IMoney  Bonds 
Book  Debts  shall  be  improved  to  pay  my  lawful  Debts  &  funeral 
Charges  &  to  make  my  two  Daughters  Thankful  &  Elizabeth  equal 
to  what  either  of  their  sisters  have  received  who  are  already  Mer- 
ried,  &  what  Remains  my  will  is  shall  be  equally  Diveded  between 
all  my  children. 

Item.  I  give  &  Bequeath  to  my  well  Beloved  Daughters  Thank- 
ful Ranney  Ann  Sage  Rebecca  Savage,  Deborah  Sage  &  Elizabeth 
Ranney  my  House  &  Lott  that  was  Roger  Gipsons  which  lays  ad- 
joyning  unto  William  Savage  &  David  Edwards:  My  Great  Short 
Hill  Lott  that  I  bought  of  Ephriam  Willcox :  My  Hether  Short 
Hill  Lott  Bought  of  the  widow  Doolittle,  my  lott  north  side  of 
mountain  Swamp  Joyning  to  Mr.  Hugh  White  &  John  Kirbey  con- 
taining about  fifteen  or  sixteen  acres  &  my  Lott  the  back  side 
of  Long  Hill  which  I  bought  of  the  Widow  Wolcot  I  mean  that 
part  I  Dont  improve,  I  suppose  it  to  contain  about  half  the  Lott. 
These  Lands  I  give  to  be  equally  Divided  between  all  my  Daughters. 

I  do  Hereby  Constitute  &  appoint  my  well  Beloved  son  Willit 
Ranney  &  Ebenezer  Savage  to  be  my  Executors  to  see  this  my  Last 
Will  &  Testiment  Ratified  &  fulfilled  according  to  the  true  intent 


&  Meaning  hereof,  &  I  do  utterly  Disannul  &  make  void  all  former 
Wills  &  Testiments  &  Eatify  &  Confirm  this  my  Last  &  only  Will 
&  Testiment.  In  Witness  whereof  I  have  hereunto  Set  my  Hand 
&  Seal  the  Day  &  year  above  written. 

Willet  Eanney  (SEal) 
Signed,  Sealed,  Published,  Pronounced  &  DEclared  by  yhe  said 
Willit  Eanney  as  his  Last  Will  &  Testiment  in  the  Presence  of  us 
the  Subscribers 
Edward  Eells 
Churchel  Edwards 
Joseph  Barns 

Children  hy  1st  marriage: 
Thankful,  b.  Aug.  22,  1722;  d.  Apr.  6,  1768. 
Anne,  b.   Oct.   9,   1723;  m.   Aug.   7,   1746,  John*   Sage  3d. 
Children:     Eeuben,   Simeon,  John,   Simeon,  James,   Ann, 
Lucy,  Sybil,  Olive.     They  built  the  Eanney-Adams  house 
in  1761. 
Eebecca,  b.  Oct.  3,  1726;  m.  Ebenezer  Savage.     (See  the  Sav- 
age Family.) 
24     Willett,  b.  Mar.  29,  1731. 

Children  hy  2d  marriage: 

Deborah,  b.  May  28,  1733;  m.  May  24,  1748,  Lewis  Samuel 
Sage.  Children:  Lemuel,  Francis,  Willett  M.  died  in  Eev, 
army,  Lewis  S.,  Deborah,  Thankful,  Millie,  Jerusha,  Han- 
nah, Betsy. 

Elizabeth,  b.  Mar.  17,  1734;  m.  Apr.  17,  1755,  Jonathan  Sav-. 
age.  He  d.  Apr.  4,  1805.  She  d.  July  18,  1779.  Children, 
settled  in  New  York :  Jonathan,  James,  Jacob,  Elizabeth, 
Lucy,  David,  Moses,  Eleazar,  Jonathan,  James. 

[Johnson  Lineage — Eobert^  Johnson,  of  New  Haven,  is  said  to 
have  come  from  Yorkshire,  England,  with  his  four  sons,  John,  Eob- 
ert,  Thomas,  and  William.    He  d.  1661. 

William^  Johnson  (Eobert^),  b.  abt.  1630,  settled  at  Guilford, 
Conn.,  as  early  as  1653.  He  was  deacon,  town  clerk,  and  many 
times  deputy,  from  1665  to  1694.  He  married  (1)  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  Francis  Bushnell,  wh.  died  Oct.  27,  1702.  He  married 
(2)  Mary  Sage,  daughter  of  David  Sage  of  Upper  Houses.  Their 
son  Samuel  was  the  first  president  of  King's  College.  There  were 
eleven  children. 

John^  Johnson  (Eobert^),  b.  in  England.  Married  Hannah, 
dau.  of  John  and  Hannah  Parmelee  of  Guilford.  His  estate  was 
probated  in  1687.  She  was  living  as  late  as  1693.  They  had  nine 


John^  Johnson  (John%  Eobert^),  b.  Aug.  27,  1661;  m.  Mar.  3, 
1684-5,  Mabel  Grannis,  dau.  of  Edward  Grannis  and  (his  2d 
wife)  Hannah^  Wakefield  (John^  of  New  Haven).  His  will  was 
made  Dec.  10,  1712,  recorded,  vol.  4,  page  117,  New  Haven  Pro- 
bate Eecords. 

Children : 
Thomas,  b.  Jan.  12,  1689-90.    Eem.  to  Upper  Houses. 
'  Anne,  b.  Feb.,  1691;  m.  Willett  Eanney. 
Hannah,  b.  May  23,  1710;  m.  Benjamin  Hand  of  Middle- 
town,  son  of  Benj.  and  Sarah  (Ward)  Hand.] 

11  George^  Eanney  (Thomas^,  Thomas^),  b.  Oct.  28,  1695,  Up- 
per Houses ;  m. Mary  Hale,  b. Glastonbury, 

Conn.,  dau.  of  Thomas  Hale,  cordwinder,  and  Mercy  Hurlbut. 
Mr.  Hale  in  1711  purchased  125  acres  in  East  Middletown.  His 
will,  filed  in  Hartford,  gives  property  to  the  two  grandchildren 
named  herein.  Mr.  Eanney  was  one  of  those  who  removed  to  East 
Middletown.  Just  after  his  untimely  death  his  father  executed  a 
deed  to  his  son's  "  heirs,"  not  naming  them .  These  children  were 
brought  up  in  the  family  of  Grandmother  Hale,  according  to  a  tra- 
dition. He  died  March  28.  1725.  She  died  Nov.  26,  1749.  Both 
have  tombstones  in  East  Middletown.  Their  children  in  1752  exe- 
cuted deeds  by  which  George  became  the  sole  owner  of  the  Hale 
homestead.    It  descended  to  Jonathan^  Eanney  who  died  on  it. 

Children  : 
25     George,  bapt.  Apr.  14,  1723. 

Mary,  bapt.  Apr.  11,  1725.  She  married  (1)  Joseph  Bush  who 
d.  June  12, 1749,  at  Surinam,  "  as  per  account;  (2)  1749-54, 
Thomas  Davis  who  united  with  her,  1754,  in  releasing  to 
George  their  interest  in  the  Hale  homestead. 

[Hurlbut  Lineage — Thomas^  Hurlbut  came  in  1635  to  Saybrook 
with  Lion  Gardiner  and  was  wounded  in  the  fight  with  the  Indians. 
He  rem.  to  Wethersfield.     (See  Hurlbut  Genealogy.) 

John^  Hurlbut,  blacksmith,  settled  in  Middletown. 

Mercy^  Hurlbut,  b.  Feb.  19,  1680-1;  m.  Thomas  Hale.] 

[Hale  Lineage— SamueP  Haile  or  Hale,  b.  1610,  was  in  1637 
in  Wethersfield;  served  in  the  Pequot  War;  leased,  1660,  the 
estate  of  Governor  Thomas  Welles  on  the  Glastonbury  (east)  side 
of  the  Connecticut  Eiver;    d.  Nov.  9,  1693,  Glastonbury. 

John^  Hale,  b.  Feb.  21,  1647,  Wethersfield  side  of  the  river;  m. 
May  8,  1668,  Hannah  Nott.    He  d.  July  19,  1709. 


Thomas^  Hale,  b.  Sept.,  1675;  m.  Mercy  Hurlbut,  b.  Feb.  17, 
1680-1,  Middletown.  In  his  will,  1743,  he  gave  to  his  grandson, 
George  Eanney,  the  care  of  his  negro  man,  and  made  him  sole 
executor.  The  will  contains  bequests  to  his  daughter,  Mary  Eanney, 
and  granddaughter,  Mary  Eanney.] 

12  NathanieP  Eanney  (Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  June  17,  1702, 
Upper  Houses;  m.  (1)  May  13,  1731,  Dorothy  Hale,  b.  ; 
d.  Sept.  26,  1732;  m.  (2)  Jan.  16,  1733-4,  EacheP  Sagey  b.  Jan.  1, 
1707-8;  d.  Feb.  24,  1755,  dau.  of  Jonathan-  Sage  and  Ann  Bodwell; 
m.  (3)  Nov.  25,  1756,  widow  Thankful  Willard,  b.  ;  d. 
Apr.  3,  1766.  He  inherited  his  father's  homestead  and  d.  Sept. 
25,  1766.    No  gravestones. 

Children  hy  2d  marriage: 

26  Nathaniel,  b.  July  16,  1735. 

Ozias,  b.  Aug.  22,  1736;  d.  Sept.  13,  1736. 

Eachel,  |  ^  ^^^^  ^^  1737 .    ^^  ^q^,  4^  1737. 

Naomi.    \ 

Eachel,  b.  July  3,  1742;  m.  Apr.  11,  1768,  Elisha  Spencer. 

Child:  Ozias. 
Ozias,  b.  Mar.  15,  1744;  d.  "by  estimate  Nov.  15,  1762-"'  in 

French-Indian  War. 

27  Abraham,  bapt.  June  7,  1746. 

Amos,  bapt.  May  22,  1748,  served  in  Eev.  War,  d.  unm.  1786. 

13  John^  Eanney  (John^  Thomas^),  b.  Oct.  1,  1703,  Upper 
Houses;  bapt.  same  day ;  m.  (1)  Mar.  17,  1723-4,  Eunice  Wright,  b. 

;  d.  Sept.  20,1730,  dau.  of  Jonas  Wright;  m.  (2)  Feb.  25, 
1730-31,  Martha  Miller,  b.  Mar.  28,  1705;  d.  Jan.  4,  1799,  the 
church  record  says  "  94  yrs.  2  m.  1  d.  Lived  for  years  with  her 
son-in-law  Turpin.^'  John  Eanney  was  a  drummer,  1745,  in  the 
Regt.  sent  to  capture  Louisburg.  In  1755  John  Eanney  and  John 
Eanney,  Jr.,  served  together  in  4th  Co.,  1st  Eegt.,  French-Indian 
War.  A  John  Eanney  served  in  1757,  1758,  1759  and  1760. 
John,  Sr.,  died  Sept.  18,  1760,  in  the  hospital  at  Oswegatchie. 
Martha  Miller  was  sister  to  Margery  who  m.  Eichard  Eanney. 

Children  hy  1st  marriage: 
Elizabeth,  b.  Apr.  12,  1726. 
Eunice,  b.  Nov.  7,  1727 ;  m.  Mar.  29,  1750,  Isaac  Gill  who  d. 

July  4,  1759  at  sea.    Children:    Hannah,  Elizabeth,  Sarah, 

Joshua,  Mary. 
Hannah,  b.  Aug.  24,  1730. 


Children  hy  2d  marriage: 

28  John,  b.  Sept.  23,  1731. 
Martha,  bapt.  Jan.  30,  1733-4. 

Timothy,  bapt.  Jan.  27,  1735-6.  In  1755-6  served  in  French- 
Indian  War. 

Seth,  bapt.  Feb.  19,  1737-8. 

Huldah,  bapt.  Feb.  4,  1740;  m.  Aug.  21,  1764,  Wm.  Lucas  of 
New  Haven. 

Lucia,  bapt.  Apr.  11,  1742;  m.  Nov.  2,  1762,  Henry  Turpan 

29  Amos,  bapt.  Apr.  22,  1744. 

14  Eichard^  Eanney  (John^  Thomas^),  b.  Feb.  18,  1705, 
Upper  Houses;  m.  Nov.  9,  1729,  East  Middletown,  Margery  Mil- 
ler, b.  Feb.  23,  1706-7;  dau.  of  John  Miller  and  Marcy  Bevins. 
Probate  records  say  he  died  Sept.  16,  1759.  A  Eichard  Eanney 
served  Apr.  19-Sept.  30,  1758,  in  7th  Co.,  1st  Eegt.  Eichard, 
Sr.,  owned  a  drum  as  per  his  inventory.  But  as  four  sons,  one  of 
them  Eichard,  were  in  the  service,  it  is  left  without  an  opinion. 
According  to  the  land  records  he  could  sing: 

"  No  foot  of  land  do  I  possess." 

There  was  in  East  Middletown  a  very  intelligent  Indian  called 
Eichard  Eanney,  a  member  of  the  Cong.  ch.  He  applied  for  and 
obtained  through  the  Legislature  his  share  (10  acres)  of  the  In- 
dian Eeservation.  He  res.  in  Newtown,  Ct.,  when  he  sold  it.  The 
Mass.  Muster  Eolls  show  that  Eichard  Eanney  of  Stockbridge  was 
a  private  in  Capt.  Wm.  Goodrich's  Co.  of  Indians  and  enlisted 
Aug.  9,  1775. 

Children  : 

30  Jeremiah,  b.  Dec.  17,  1730. 
Eichard,  b.  Sept.  8,  1732. 

31  Elijah,  b.   Oct.   6,  1735. 

32  Stephen,  b.  Jan.  15,  1737-8. 
Marcy,  bapt.  Dec.  30,  1739. 
Mary,  b.  Nov.  7,  1740. 

Jabez,  b.  Feb.  12,  1742-3;  m.  Jan.  15,  1767,  Penelope  Bowers. 

He  served  1759  and  1762,  in  French-Indian  War,  also  in 

Eev.  War.     Died  May  16,  1811. 
Edward,   b.    Apr.    29,    1746,   served   in   French-Indian  War, 

1759,  1760,  1761,  and  died  in  the  service  "by  estimate 

Nov.  15,  1762." 

33  Abner,  b.  Mar.  15,  1747-8. 

Hannah,   b.    Apr.    5,    1750;   m.   Joel   Hall.     (See   the   Hall 

Mary,  b.  Feb.  13,  1754. 

Tombstones  of  Joseph2  Kanney  and  Wife 

(See  page  155) 

Tombstones  uf  Jusei'H"  Kanney  and  VVjfe 
(See  page  169) 

X  /^ 











15  Mary^  Eanney  (Joseph^  Thomas^),  b.  Dec.  14,  1694, 
Upper  Houses;  m.  Apr.  15,  1715,  Samuel  Shepard,  b.  Apr.  18, 
1692.  He  was  deacon  from  Dec.  3,  1745,  to  his  death  by  drown- 
ing in  the  Connecticut  River,  Apr.  9,  1750.  She  d.  Mar.  13, 
1731-2,  and  he  m.  (2)  Christian^  Savage  (Wm.%  John  ^).  (See 
the  Shepard  Family.) 

Children  hy  1st  marriage: 
Edward,  b.  July  24,  1721;  m.  Hepzibah  Johnson.     She  m. 

(2)  Dr.  Aaron  Eoberts. 
Mary,  b.  Sept.  14,  1731 ;  d.  Sept.  14,  1742. 

16  Capt.  Joseph^  Eanney  (Joseph-,  Thomas^),  b.  Apr.  11, 
1699,  Upper  Houses;  m.  July  21,  1725,  Abigail*  Warner,  b.  Nov. 
18,  1704,  dau.  Capt.  John^  Warner  (Andrew-,  Andrew^)  and 
Anne^  Ward,  dau.  of  Ensign  Wm.^  Ward.  He  was  given  an  eight- 
acre  lot  which  had  been  given  to  his  father  by  his  grandfather. 
It  is  located  on  the  east  side  of  the  upper  green.  The  sycamores, 
seen  herewith  and  still  in  their  prime,  were  set  out  by  him  in  all 
probability  at  the  time  he  built  or  his  father  built  for  him.  His 
will,  dated  Jan.  8,'  1780,  gave  to  Stephen  and  Hezekiah,  and  to 
the  male  heirs  of  his  deceased  son,  Fletcher,  all  his  land  not  already 
deeded  to  them,  in  equal  portions,  excepting  the  land  in  Far  Neck 
and  Eound  Meadow,  which  he  gave  to  his  grandson  Joseph,  the 
eldest  son  of  Fletcher.  To  his  granddaughter,  Grace  Stephenson, 
he  gave  his  case  of  drawers  and  one  table.  To  his  daughters, 
Ehoda,  Abigail  and  Huldah,  all  his  "  indoor  movables."  To  Heze- 
kiah all  his  husbandry  tools.  The  two  sons  were  to  give  £10  to 
Ehoda  "to  make  good  their  promise."  And  Joseph  and  the  two 
sons  were  to  give  £5  more  to  Ehoda.  He  had  built  a  house  for 
Fletcher,  which  stood  till  1903  and  which  is  seen  herewith.  Heze- 
kiah retained  the  homestead  and  Stephen  was  a  shipbuilder  in 
Lower  Middletown.  He  died  Oct.  18,  1783;  she  died  Feb.  14, 
1777.     Both  have  fine  tombstones  seen  herewith. 


34  Fletcher,  b.  Apr.  29,  1726. 

Joseph,  b.  June  3,  1728;  d.  . 

35  Stephen,  b.  Sept.  19,  1730. 

Lois,  b.  Aug.  2,  1733;  m.  May  11,  1756,  Eobert  Stevenson. 

Child:  Grace. 
Hezekiah,  b.  Apr.  1,  1736;  d.  Nov.  8,  1741. 

36  Hezekiah,  b.  Sept.  1,  1742. 

Ehoda,  b.  June  27,  1738;  m.  Feb.  23,  1775,  Edward  Little. 
Abigail,  b.  Apr.  18,  1745 ;  m.  Dec.  1,  1766,  Elisha  Wilcox. 


Huldah,  bapt.  July  24,  1748;  m.  Dec.  24,  1772,  Capt.  Nathan 
Sage,  the  noted  shipbuilder  and  captain  of  various  mer- 
chant ships.  He  commanded  in  the  Eev.  War  the  vessels 
Hunter  and  Middletown  and  captured  a  British  powder 
ship.  At  his  marriage  he  purchased  the  original  Savage 
homestead,  but  in  1776  he  purchased  the  Eev.  Joseph 
Smith  house.  He  lost  it  abt.  1795  through  debt.  He  then 
went  to  N".  York  State ;  was  a  judge,  and  then  for  30  years 
Collector  of  Customs  in  Oswego,  N.  Y.,  where  they  are 
buried.  His  daughter  Huldah  m.  (1)  Normand  Knox, 
(2)  Eussell  Bunce,  both  of  Hartford.  Two  sons  died  early 
and  are  buried  here. 

17  DanieP  Eanney  (Joseph^,  Thomas^),  b.  July  13,  1707, 
Upper  Houses ;  m.  Jan.  20,  1730,  Esthe!-  Stow,  b.  Feb.  20,  1705-6, 
d.  July  24,  1750,  dau.  of  Dea.  Samuel*  Stow  (Thomas^  Thomas^, 
John^)  and  Esther  Mould,  dau.  of  Hugh  Mould  and  Martha  Colt 
of  New  London,  Ct.  He  died  Sept.  27,  1758,  and  his  gravestone 
indicates  his  high  standing.  He  was  a  captain  in  the  merchant 
service.  His  first  residence  was  the  one-story  house  which  stood 
till  recently  on  the  homestead.  He  purchased  of  Charles  Wilcox 
the  present  D.  B.  Marsh  house  and  grounds.  In  the  last  years  of 
his  life  he  erected  the  mansion  now  known  as  the  Wightman 
house  and  owned  by  his  descendants.  The  inventory  included  silk 
hose,  knee  buckles,  shoe  buckles,  stock  buckles,  2  johannas,  quad- 
rant, 3  old  mariner's  books,  2  old  Bibles,  1  Testament,  7  beaker 
glasses,  1  glass  punch  bowl  and  cover.  His  slaves  were  London, 
£40;  Phil,  £40;  George,  £35;  Jenny,  £25;  Peter,  £18.  His  total 
property  was  valued  at  £1609-15-0.  In  the  distribution  to  each 
of  the  three  daughters  it  reads,  "  Her  part  of  Peter."  Comfort 
Butler  and  his  wife,  Sybil  Eanney,  sold  their  house  and  lot,  the 
original  Thomas  Hubbard  house,  and  rem.  to  the  Daniel  Eanney 
mansion.  From  them  the  Daniel  Eanney  mansion  went  to  Capt. 
James  Butler,  then  to  S.  K.  Wightman,  son-in-law,  and  is  now  held 
by  his  heirs. 


Hezekiah,  b.  Feb.  1,  1731 ;  d.  Feb.  15,  1731. 

Daniel,  b.  Jan.  13,  1732-3;  d. ,  1733. 

Mary,  b.  July  20,  1736;  d.  Nov.  18,  1741. 
37     Lucretia,  b.  Mar.  12,  1737-8;  m.  May  16,  1755,  Nathaniel* 
Hamlin.     (Eichard^  William^,  Giles^) 

Marah,  b.  Feb.  24,  1743;  m.  Mar.  20,  1760,  Stephen  Jenkins, 
a  shipbuilder.  They  rem,  to  Providence,  E.  I.,  and  in 
1796  she  was  residing  in  Savannah,  Ga, 


Sybil,  b.  Aug.  29,  1744;  m.  May  2,  1762,  Comfort  Butler 
(See  tbe  Butler  Family.) 

18  Jonathan^  Eanney  (Joseph",  Thomas^),  b.  Aug.  26,  1709, 
Upper  Houses;  m.  Aug.  27,  1738,  Guilford,  Ct.,  Anna  Parmelee, 
b.  Mar.  27,  1720,  dau.  of  Ebenezer  Parmelee  and  Hannah  Crut- 
tenden.  Hannah  Cruttenden,  b.  May  10,  1701,  was  the  sixth 
child  of  Abraham  Cruttenden  of  Guilford,  who  had  m.  May  6, 
1686,  Susanna-  Kirby  (John^).  Jonathan  Eanney  remained  with 
his  father  and  after  his  death  sold  the  homestead  which  had  fallen 
to  him  and  rem.  to  Guilford,  where  he  d.  July  30,  1773.  The 
widow  d.  Oct.  22,  1785. 

Children  : 

Anna,  b.  July  12,  1739;  m.  John  Stone. 

Eachel,  b.  Jan.  29,  1741;  m.  Dec.  22,  1764,  Samuel  Caldwell, 
son  of  John,  who  came  1718  from  Scotland. 
38     Jonathan,  bapt.  May  20,  1744. 

Euth,  bapt.  Apr.  8,  1750;  m.  Thomas  Powers. 

Phineas,  bapt.  Nov.  4,  1753;  d.  unm.  Oct.  3,  1769,  Middle- 
town,  Ct. 

Eeuben,  bapt. ,  — — •;  m.  July  17,  1768,  Lucinda 

Ward  of  Saybrook.     She  died  Aug.  21,  1821.     Children: 

Euth,  b. ,  ;  m.  Joel  Shelly. 

Betsy,  b. ,  ;  m.  Peletiah  Leete. 

George,   b. ,  ;  m.   Nov.   24,   1786,   Guilford, 

Lucy  Sanford.     He  enlisted  in  Eev.  Army  from  Guilford. 
Eem.  to  Lisle,  N.  Y.,  where  he  was  pensioned. 

19  Ebenezer^'  Eanney  (Ebenezer^,  Thomas\),  b.  Nov.  22,  1704, 
Upper  Houses;  rec'd  to  full  com.  Jan.  13,  1741;  m.  Nov.  25,  1742, 
Margaret^  Eanney  (Thomas-),  b.  Aug.  21,  1708,  rec'd  to  full  com. 
July  22,  1739.  She  d.  July  28,  1783;  he  d.  Dec.  22,  1783.  No 
gravestones.  He  had  inherited  the  original  Eanney  homestead. 
By  his  will,  dated  Dec.  24,  1778,  he  gave  to  his  well-beloved  wife, 
Margaret,  "  ^  part  of  my  buildings  and  lands  during  her  natural 
life  and  all  my  indore  movables  to  her  disposal.  To  Ebenezer,  my 
beloved  son,  whom  I  constitute  and  ordain  the  sole  executor,  all 
my  lands,  buildings  and  tenements,  except  the  south  end  of  my 
cold  spring  plain  lot,  and  all  my  stock  and  husbandry  tools.  To 
my  son-in-law,  Nathaniel  Smith,  10  acres  of  land  at  the  S.  E. 
cor.  of  my  cold  spring  plain  lot  and  this  I  give  him  for  what  he 
did  for  Lucy  at  her  marriage.  The  remainder  of  the  sd  lot  I 
give  to  my  two  beloved  daughters  Sarah  Smith,  now  the  wife  of 
Nathaniel  Smith  and  Lucy  Sage  now  the  wife  of  Eeuben  Sage." 


Children  : 
Sarah,  bapt.  Sept.  17,  1743;  d.  Sept.  23,  1786;  m.  Apr.  2, 
1766,   NathanieP    Smith    (Joseph*,   Eev.   Joseph^).     Miss 
Anna  Francis  of  Glenbrook,  Ct.,  is  descended  from  them. 
George,  bapt.  Sept.  29,  1745;  d.  July  18,  1847. 
39     Ebenezer,  bapt.  Apr.  24,  1748. 

Lucy,  bapt.  Feb.  25,  1749;  m.  Aug.  16,  1772,  Reuben  Sage. 
Children:  James,  Luther,  Reuben,  Luther,  Russell,  George, 
Ezekiel,  George,  Sophia,  Ruth,  Lucy. 

O/Mr  Jli^JTMUy 


20  Jeremiah*  Eanney  (Thomas^,  Thomas^,  Thomas^),  b.  June 
13,  1720,  Upper  Houses;  m.  Dee.  30,  1742,  Upper  Houses,  Mar- 
tha Stow,  b.  May  6,  1721,  dau.  of  Thomas  Stow  and  Martha 
White.  (See  Stow  and  White  chapters.)  The  house  in  which  she 
was  born  is  given  herewith.  In  1743  Nathaniel  Eells  sold  to 
Daniel  Eanney,  and  he  sold  to  Jeremiah  Eanney,  a  small  lot  from 
the  southeast  corner  of  the  Eells  homestead.  Here  Jeremiah  Ean- 
ney built  a  house  and  a  blacksmith  shop,  and  probably  set  out  the 
elm  tree  still  standing.  The  house  was  torn  down  in  1857  and  the 
Methodist  Church  was  erected  on  its  site.  The  view  of  Main 
street  looking  north  shows  this  church  and  the  great  elm  tree. 
Jeremiah  sold  out  to  Francis  Whitmore  when  he  removed  to 
Bethlehem,  taking  a  church  letter  with  him.  He  d.  in  Bethlehem, 
Ct.,  June  14,  1801. 

Children  : 

40  Thomas  Stow,  b.  May  20,  1744,  Upper  Houses. 
Martha,  b.  Jan.  29,  1746,  Upper  Houses. 
Jeremiah,  b.  Feb.  28,  1748-9,  Upper  Houses. 

41  Nathan,  b  June  20,  1751,  Upper  Houses. 
Eebecca,  b.  Oct.  8,  1753,  Upper  Houses. 

42  Solomon,  b. ,  1756 ;  Bethlehem. 

George,  b.  — ,  ;  killed  in  Stony  Point  battle, 

Eev.  War. 

43  Stephen,  b.  May  24,  1761. 

44  Julius,  b. ,  1765. 

21  Dea.  Thomas*  Eanney  (Thomas^,  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b. 
Feb.  17,  1723,  Upper  Houses;  m.  Feb.  25,  1747,  Mary  Little,  who 
brought  a  letter  from  a  church  in  the  town  of  Farmington.  (A  Dr. 
Sylvester  Little  practised  medicine  in  the  Upper  Houses  1742- 
47.)  Thomas  Eanney  was  "granted"  the  land  known  as  "Pros- 
pect Hill "  and  built  thereon  what  is  now  known  as  the  "  West 
Cottage "  of  the  "  Cromwell  Hall "  Sanitarium.  The  view  of 
Middletown  described  in  his  diary  of  1771  by  John  Adams  was 
from  this  vantage  ground.  The  "  View  of  Middletovm "  given 
herewith  is  copied  from  "  Barber's  Collections "  of  1835,  when 
the  stage  coach  passed  close  to  the  Eanney  house  abutting  on  the 
turnpike  laid  out  in  1802.     Thomas  Eanney  was  corporal  in  the 



Rev.  War.  In  1780  he  sold  to  Matthew  Wells  of  Long  Island  and 
removed  to  Westminster  West,  Vt.,  where  his  son  William  had 
gone  in  1777.  He  d.  Nov.  8,  1909.  His  wife  had  d.  Feb.  33,  1799, 
aged  80  years. 

Children  : 
45     William,  b.  Sept.  18,  1753. 

Rebecca,  b. ,  — ,  1755.  , 

23     Ephraim*  Ranney   (Thomas^,  Thomas',  Thomas^),  b.  Apr. 
10,  1735-6,  Upper  Houses;  m.  ^ 

Nov.   36,   1747,   Bast   Middle-    jT//^,^^^,:  (TJ n,    ,,/y, 

town.  Silence^  Wilcox,  b.  Apr.  ^?/^^^f?2f«^  %£i^^ 

19,    1736,    East    Middletown,  C/ 

dau.  of  Janna*  Wilcox  (Ephraim^  John^,  John^)  and  Rachel  Board- 
man.  They  res.  in  Upper  Houses  till  1755,  when  he  bought  a  60- 
acre  farm  in  Haddam,  Ct.  In  1761  he  rem.  to  Westminster,  Vt., 
where  he  purchased  lot  No.  7,  Mar.,  1761,  on  the  bank  of  the  Conn. 
River.  He  kept  a  tavern,  was  one  of  the  seven  founders  of  the  church 
there  and  its  first  deacon,  as  he  was  the  lirst  Ranney  to  hold  that 
office.  He  was  a  justice  of  the  peace  and  3d  Lieut,  in  the  Southern 
Regt.  of  Militia.  He  and  four  sons,  Ephraim,  Jr.,  Elijah,  Daniel 
and  Waitstill,  served  in  the  Rev.  War.  (See  Hall's  Eastern  Ver- 
mont and  Vermont  Muster  Rolls  of  Rev.  War.)  He  lived  to  see 
his  eleven  children  married,  and  but  one  of  them  died  before  him. 
He  was  a  man  of  sterling  character,  and  Silence  travelled  on  horse- 
back with  her  stock  of  herbs,  being  a  doctress  of  considerable  repu- 
tation. In  the  Westminster  Cemetery  are  their  graves,  with  head- 
stones bearing  these  inscriptions : 

Erected  in  memory  of  Dea 

Ephraim  Ranney  who  died 

June  9,  ISll  after  a  long  and 

painful  sickness  in  the  SI 

year  of  his  age. 

Spectator  dost  thou  desire  this  silent  stone  to  speak  the  virtues  of 
the  man  whose  mortal  part  is  here  interred.  Let  it  only  say  lie  was 
an  affectionate  Husband,  a  tender  Parent  and  an  Ornament  in  Society. 
When  receiving  the  bitter  cup  of  affliction  he  could  say,  "  Not  my  will 
but  thine,  O  Lord,  he  done." 

Erected  in  memory  6f  Mrs 

Silence,  the  a^niahle  consort  of 

Deac.  Ephraim  Ranney  who 

died  April  10,  1811  in  the  85 

year  of  her  age. 


To  you  my  children  and  my  friends 

Which  I  have   left  behind, 
Come    view    this    solemn    monument, 

And   here   instruction   find. 

Children  : 

46  Ephraim,  b.  Oct.  27,  1748. 

47  Elijah,  b.  Mar.  14,  1750. 

48  Daniel,  b.  Feb.  5,  1753. 

Eachel,     b.     May     27, 

enson.  Children: 

Job,  Ephraim,  Ira,  Rachel,  Mary,  Esther,  Huldah,  Rebecca. 

Silence,  b.  Mar.  18,  1757;  m.  Goold  of  Chester,  Vt. 

Lydia,  b.  Apr.  18,  1759;  m.  William^  Ranney  (Thomas''). 

49  Waitstill,  b.  Jan.  3,  1762. 

50  Esther,  b.  July  28,  1764;  m.  Seth  Arnold. 

51  Janna,  b.  June  11,  1766. 

52  Joel,  b.  Mar.  2,  1768. 

53  Benjamin,  b.  Sept.  18,  1770. 

23  Abijah*  Ranney  (Thomas^  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  Aug. 
28,  1743,  Upper  Houses;  m. ,  Lucy .  He  inher- 
ited part  of  the  homestead,  and  purchased  the  parts  which  had  been 
given  to  the  other  children.  In  1795  he  rem.  to  Sheffield,  Mass. 
He  m.  (2)  after  May  7,  1803,  widow  Hannah  Talcott  of  Glas- 
tonbury, who  in  his  will  is  named  "  Annar."  He  d.  Feb.  12,  1821. 
The  dog  story  as  given  by  the  Hon.  T.  H.  L.  Talcott  of  Glaston- 
bury, her  grandson,  is  as  follows : 

Captain  Abijah  Ranney  of  Sheffield,  Mass.,  was  a  son  of  one 
of  the  first  settlers.  The  Captain  lived  in  Cromwell  until  he  had 
grown  to  manhood.  He  married  for  his  second  wife  Mrs.  Annah 
Stillman  Tallcott  of  Glastonbury,  grandmother  of  Judge  Thomas 
H.  L.  Tallcott  of  that  town.  Captain  Ranney  was  the  owner  of 
a  dog  remarkable  in  many  ways,  and  who  once  saved  the  Captain 
from  being  robbed,  and,  perhaps,  murdered.  Judge  Tallcott  often 
heard  the  story  in  his  youth,  and  related  the  tale  to  a  reporter 
recently.     The  story  runs  as  follows: 

Early  one  morning  a  man  called  at  the  Captain's  house  and 
said  the  Captain's  dog  was  killing  his  sheep.  Captain  Ranney 
said  it  couldn't  be  his  dog,  as  the  canine  was  shut  up  in  the  wood- 
shed and  had  not  been  let  out  that  morning.  They  visited  the 
woodshed  and  found  the  dog  in  his  bed.  The  man  said :  "  It 
isn't  your  dog  that  is  killing  the  sheep,  but  one  that  looks  just 


like  him."  Other  complaints  were  made,  but  on  going  to  the 
woodshed  the  dog  was  always  there.  Finally  one  morning  a  man 
drove  up  at  top  speed  and  said  to  the  Captain :  "  Your  dog  is  in 
my  sheep;  I  left  him  there  and  raced  my  horse  to  get  here  before 
he  did." 

"  Well,"  said  Captain  Ranney,  "  we  will  look  in  the  woodshed." 

They  went  to  the  shed.  The  dog  was  there,  but  covered  with 
blood  and  licking  himself.  The  only  way  out  of  the  shed, 
except  by  the  door,  was  a  small  opening  just  a  little  larger  than 
the  dog's  body  and  about  four  feet  from  the  floor  and  the  same 
distance  from  the  ground  outside.  Through  this  small  opening 
the  dog  had  leaped  in  and  out  in  his  trips  to  the  sheep  field.  The 
idea  that  the  dog  could  use  the  opening  to  enter  and  leave  the 
shed  had  not  occurred  to  the  Captain,  and  he  was  greatly  surprised. 
Turning  to  the  visitor  he  said :  "  It  is  my  dog  that  is  killing 
sheep !  I  won't  keep  a  dog  that  kills  sheep."  He  told  his  sons  to 
tie  the  dog  up  back  of  the  barn,  and  that  after  breakfast  he  would 
shoot  him.  The  boys  put  a  rope  on  the  dog,  and  evidently  tied 
it  very  loosely,  as  they  felt  bad  at  the  idea  of  losing  the  dog,  who 
was  much  liked  by  the  family.  When  the  Captain  and  the  boys 
went  out  after  breakfast  the  dog  was  gone.  He  was  not  seen  again 
in  Sheffield  that  summer,  and  no  more  sheep  were  killed. 

Captain  Ranney  sold  his  cheese  and  other  farm  products  to  a 
merchant  over  the  New  York  State  line.  It  was  the  custom  to 
collect  in  the  fall  for  the  product  taken.  The  fall  of  the  same 
year  in  which  the  dog  left  his  home.  Captain  Ranney  went  on 
horseback  to  the  New  York  town,  made  a  settlement  with  the 
merchant  and  was  then  ready  to  start  for  home,  intending  to  go 
to  the  next  village,  where  he  would  remain  over  night.  It  was 
nearly  dark,  and  the  merchant  and  others  tried  to  persuade  him 
not  to  start  until  morning.  There  was  a  long  and  dark  piece 
of  woods  between  the  two  villages,  and  several  persons,  who  had 
started  to  go  from  one  village  to  the  other,  had  never  been  seen 
after  entering  the  woods.  It  was  supposed  that  they  had  been 

Captain  Ranney  said  he  had  a  good  horse  and  thought  he  would 
get  through  all  right.  He  had  proceeded  well  into  the  woods 
when  a  man  sprang  into  the  road  from  behind  a  large  rock,  and 
grasped  the  horse  by  the  bridle.  A  large  dog  followed  the  man. 
The  man  said  to  the  dog,  "  Seize  him !  "  The  dog  looked  up  at 
the  Captain  and  whined.  The  man  repeated,  "  Seize  him,  I  tell 
you,  seize  him !  "  Still  the  dog  would  not  obey  the  man.  Captain 
Ranney  looked  at  the  canine  and  saw  it  was  his  old  dog.  He 
turned  to  the  man,  who  still  held  the  bridle,  and  said:     "You 


have  tried  your  luck  with  the  dog,  now  I'll  try  mine."  He  called 
the  dog  hy  his  old  name  and  said,  "  Seize  him ! "  The  dog  in- 
stantly jumped  at  the  robber  and  had  him  by  the  throat,  tearing 
open  his  jugular  vein.  The  dog  looked  up  at  Captain  Eanney  and 
whined.  The  Captain  said  to  him.  "  You  can  go  home  with  me. 
I'll  keep  you  now  if  you  kill  all  the  sheep  in  SheflBeld."  The 
dog  leaped  about  in  an  ecstasy  of  joy  at  meeting  his  old  master 
again  and  the  permission  to  return  home  with  him.  Captain 
Eanney  continued  on  to  the  next  village  and  reported  to  the 
ofiBcers.  A  posse  started  at  once  and  found  the  dead  body  of  the 
man  near  the  rock.  The  next  day  there  was  a  general  turning 
out  of  the  men  of  the  village,  who  made  a  thorough  search  of 
the  woods  to  find  the  quarters  of  the  robber.  They  found  the 
place  about  a  mile  from  the  road.  There  were  evidences  of  graves 
of  several  persons,  the  skeleton  of  a  horse,  and  a  peddler's  wagon, 
accounting  for  the  mysterious  disappearance  of  a  peddler  some 
months  before  and  also  of  other  persons. 

Evidently  the  man  had  trained  the  dog  to  aid  him  in  killing  his 

Captain  Eanney  continued  home  the  day  after  his  adventure, 
taking  his  dog  with  him.  Great  was  the  joy  of  the  family  at 
seeing  the  animal  again,  and  it  is  not  stated  that  he  was  ever 
again  guilty  of  killing  sheep. 

Children  : 
Lucy,  bapt.  Aug.  30,  1772;  d.  Nov.  24,  .1803;  m.  Oct.  10, 

1791,    Capt.    John«    Smith    (Capt.    John^    Joseph*,    Eev. 

Joseph^).     Daughter,  Lucy,  bapt.  July   7,  1793;  m.   Hon. 

Elisha  Phelps  of  Simsbury,  Congressman  many  terms;  son, 

John  Smith  Phelps,  was  Gov.  of  Missouri.     His  dau.  is 

Mrs.  J.  B.  Montgomery  of  Portland,  Oregon.     Her  son  is 

Col.   Phelps   Montgomery   of   New   Haven,    Ct.     (See  the 

Phelps  Genealogy.) 
Oliver,  bapt.  Apr.  4,  1779 ;  d.  Nov.  30,  1784. 
Luther,  bapt.  June  3,  1781 ;  m. ,  ,  Prudence 

.     He  d.  1835.     She  m.   (3)  Noteware. 

Oliver,  bapt.  Sept.  19,  1790;  m. , ,  Chloe ; 

d.  Sept.  3,  1852,  Sheffield,  Mass.    Had  son,  Garrett,  d. 
before  1855.     CJiildren: 

Lucy  Ann,  b. ;  m.  Geo.  W.  Gorham. 

Mary,  b. ,  . 

Achsah,  b. , ;  d.  before  1821 ;  m.  Sylvester  Eoot 

of  Sheffield,  Mass.     Children:    Lucy,  Birdsey,  Clarissa,  m. 



34  Willett*  Eanney  (Willett^  Thomas%  Thomas^),  b.  Mar. 
28,  1731,  Upper  Houses;  m.  Nov.  19,  1752,  Upper  Houses,  Mary- 
Butler,  dau.  of  Benjamin  Butler  and  Thankful  Sage.  (See  the 
Butler  and  Sage  Families.)  His  father  deeded  to  him  the  home- 
stead of  90-  acres  and  removed  to  the  Roger  Gibson  place  of  4 
acres.  In  1761  Willett,  Jr.,  sold  his  homestead  to  Deacon  Solo- 
mon Sage  and  purchased  the  homestead  of  his  father-in-law,  who 
had  been  lost  at  sea,  1749.  In  January,  1776,  he  sold  the  Butler 
homestead  to  his  brother-in-law,  Capt.  Eli  Butler,  and  rem.  to 
Sandisfield,  Berkshire  Co.,  Western  Mass.,  then  Just  opened  to 
settlement.  His  Revolutionary  service  there  was  as  follows:  Pri- 
vate in  Capt.  Samuel  Wolcott's  Co.,  Col.  Hopkins'  Regt.,  July  16, 
1776 — Aug.  5,  1776;  marched  to  Highlands,  N".  Y. ;  private  C*apt. 
Elijah  Deming's  Co.,  Col.  John  Ashley's  Regt.,  July  8,  1777- 
July  28,  1777,  called  out  by  order  Maj.  Gen.  Schuyler  to  march 
to  relief  of  Fort  Edward;  private,  same  Co.,  Col.  John  Ashley's 
Regt.,  Sept.  19,  1777-Oct.  4,  1777.  under  Brig.  Gen.  Fellows,  or- 
dered out  by  Gen.  Gates  to  reinforce  the  iSorthern  Army.  Rem. 
1778  to  New  Lebanon,  N.  Y.,  and  was  next  known  with  his  large 
family  at  Fort  Stanwix,  now  Rome,  N.  Y. 

In  the  year  1786-7,  the  settlements  of  the  English  beyond 
German  Flatts,  the  outpost  of  the  Germans  on  the  Mohawk,  con- 
sisted of  three  log  houses  at  Utica,  seven  at  Whitesboro,  three  at 
Oriskany  and  four  at  Fort  Stanwix,  now  Rome  (Jones's  Annals  of 
Oneida  Co.).  Daniel  E.  Wager,  in  his  History  of  Oneida  County, 
says :  "  The  next  settlers  in  what  is  now  Oneida  Co.  came  from 
Connecticut  in  1785  or  1786,  and  located  in  the  shadow  of  Fort 
Stanwix.  They  were  all  related  to  each  other  by  blood,  or  con- 
nected by  marriage.  Their  names  were  as  follows :  Willett  Ran- 
ney,  Sr.,  with  a  family  of  eleven  children,  all  grown  to  maturity, 
and  the  most  if  not  all  married;  Seth  Ranney,  one  of  the  sons, 
with  wife  and  children,  located  northeast  of  the  present  Rome 
court  house;  Nathaniel  Gilbert  and  David  I.  Andrus,  both  of 
whom  had  married  in  the  Ranney  family." 

Elkanah  Watson,  famous  as  the  first  importer  of  Merino  sheep, 
made  a  trip  through  this  section  in  1788,  and  at  Fort  Stanwix 
wrote  in  his  diary: 

"  Settlers  are  continually  pouring  in  from  the  Connecticut  hive, 
which  throws  off  its  annual  swarms  of  intelligent,  industrious  and 
enterprising  emigrants,  the  best  qualified  to  overcome  and  civilize 
the  wilderness.  They  already  estimate  300  brother  Yankees  on 
the  muster  list,  and  in  a  few  years  hence  they  will  undoubtedly  be 
able  to  raise  a  formidable  barrier  to  oppose  the  incursion  of  the 
savages,  in  case  of  another  war." 


On  Oct.  22,  1784,  General  Lafayette  and  others  representing 
the  United  States  had  met  the  Six  Nations  at  Fort  Stanwix  and 
had  made  a  treaty  concerning  giving  up  captives  and  regulating 
boundaries,  and  while  they  were  willing  to  treat  with  the  thir- 
teen fires  they  were  not  willing  to  treat  with  the  State  of  New 

In  1788,  however,  a  treaty  with  the  State  was  made  at  Fort 
Stanwix.  The  "  land  grabbers  "  of  that  day,  known  as  "  Lessees," 
were  opposed  to  this  lest  they  should  lose  the  title  to  their  lands 
obtained  by  contracts  not  authorized  by  the  State,  which  in  1777 
had  enacted  a  statute  forbidding  the  purchase  of  the  fee  in  the 
lands  of  the  Indians,  reserving  the  right  to  the  State  alone.  It  was 
a  formidable  organization,  embracing  men  of  wealth  and  political 
importance.  Governor  Clinton  met  the^  whole  matter  with  energy 
and  promptness  and  urged  upon  the  Legislature  the  adoption  of 
decisive  measures  to  counteract  the  plans  of  the  "  Lessees."  In 
March,  1788,  an  act  was  passed  authorizing  the  Governor  to  dis- 
regard all  contracts  made  with  the  Indians  not  sanctioned  by  the 
State,  and  to  cause  all  persons  to  be  arrested  who  had  entered  upon 
the  Indian  lands  under  such  contracts,  and  to  be  driven  off  by 
force  and  the  buildings  destroyed.  A  military  force  was  called 
out  and  the  orders  were  strictly  obeyed.  The  time  set  for  the 
treaty  was  September  1,  1788.  The  "  Lessees  "  planned  to  meet 
the  Indians  at  this  time  and  dissuade  them  from  making  a  treaty. 
The  Governor  took  the  field  in  person,  backed  by  all  the  official 
influence  at  his  command.  A  sloop  came  up  from  New  York 
with  Indian  goods,  stores  for  the  expedition,  marquees,  tents  and 
specie  for  the  purchase  money.  Among  those  who  came  were 
Count  Monsbiers,  the  then  French  Minister,  and  the  Marchioness 
de  Biron,  his  sister,  out  of  curiosity.  The  commissioners  and 
the  retinue,  goods  and  baggage,  going  up  the  Mohawk,  started 
August  23,  in  batteaux  built  expressly  for  the  occasion,  and  ar- 
rived August  28  at  Fort  Stanwix.  A  wild  and  romantic  scene 
presented  itself.  The  veteran  soldier,  Governor  Clinton,  pitched 
his  marquee  and  was  as  much  the  general  as  if  he  had  headed  a 
military  expedition.  Among  the  commissioners  were  William 
Floyd,  signer  of  the  Declaration  of  Independence,  and  his  relative, 
Ezra  L'Hommedieu,  late  of  "Upper  Houses";  of  the  Indians, 
were  Skenandoah,  who  spoke  and  signed  the  treaty,  and  was.  at 
his  death,  110  years  of  age;  Peter  Otsequet,  whom  Lafayette  sent 
to  France  to  be  educated,  and  Paulus,  an  Oneida  chief.  "  They 
were  surrounded  by  the  camp  fires  of  the  numerous  representa- 
tives of  the  Six  Nations,  who  had  been  attracted  to  the  spot,  some 
from  interest,  some  from  curiosity;  but  by  far  the  larger  propor- 


tion  of  them  had  been  attracted  from  their  scattered  wilderness 
homes  by  the  hopes  and  promises  of  presents,  feasts  and  carousals." 
The  head  men  of  several  of  the  tribes  were  holding  a  counter 
meeting  at  Geneva  with  the  "  Lessees,"  where  "  firewater "  was 
flowing  freely.  It  was  the  8th  of  September  before  the  different  na- 
tions got  together,  as  the  result  of  efforts  by  Governor  Clinton,  after 
having  recovered  from  their  "  beastly  state  of  intoxication." 
Under  these  circumstances  it  is  not  to  be  wondered  at  that  Willett 
Ranney,  Sr.,  was  alarmed.  The  story  was  told  by  Mrs.  Cushman 
of  Theresa  in  a  letter  to  Mr.  Wager,  in  which  she  wrote: 

"  I  have  often  heard  my  grandmother,  Mrs.  Samuel  Jarvis, 
daughter  of  Willett  Ranney,  Sr.,  tell  of  her  early  life  at  Fort 
Stanwix.  She  was  a  little  girl  when  her  father  moved  there;  she 
was  born  in  Middletown,  Conn.,  April  2,  1773.  I  have  often  heard 
her  tell  of  assisting  her  mother  baking  bread  at  the  time  of  the 
treaty  with  the  Indians,  at  Fort  Stanwix,  in  September,  1788;  the 
bread  was  baked  at  her  brother's,  Seth  Ranney's  house,  where 
many  barrels  of  flour  were  stored  to  be  baked  into  bread  for  the 
use  of  those  expected  to  attend  the  treaty.  The  oven  was  on  the 
outside  of  the  house;  it  was  a  large  one  and  was  kept  running 
night  and  day  in  baking  bread  some  days  before  the  treaty.  There 
was  also  stored  in  the  barn  near  by  a  quantity  of  liquor,  and  as 
it  was  feared  the  Indians  might  get  it  and  thereby  become  furi- 
ous and  massacre  the  people,  Willett  Ranney,  senior,  with  a  few 
others  went  to  the  barn  and  poured  the  liquor  on  the  ground." 

Willett  Ranney,  Sr.,  with  eleven  children,  several  of  whom  were 
there  with  their  own  cshildren,  had  a  busy  time  of  it,  and  "  lost," 
what  they  must  have  brought  with  them,  the  liquor. 

Children  : 
Chloe,  b.  Mar.  2,  1753 ;  m.  Apr.  29,  1770,  Nathaniel  Gilbert, 

captain  in  Rev.  Army.     Rem.  to  Rome,  N.  Y. 
Mary,  b.  Mar.  2,  1755 ;  m.  Bill  Smith  of  Conn. 

54  James,  b.  Feb.  27,  1757. 

Lucretia,   b.   Jan.    20,   1759;   m.   Benj.    Murray.      Children: 
Willett,  John,  Benjamin,  Martha,  Eunice,  Lucretia. 

55  Seth,  b.  Jan.  21,  1761. 

56  Sarah,  b.  Jan.  2,  1763 ;  m.  David  I.  Andrus. 

57  Sybil,  b.  Jan.  7,  1765;  m.   (1)   Richard  Willis,   (2)   Joseph 

Lucy,  bapt.  Jan.  6,  1767;  m.  Bradner. 

58  Willett,  )    I.       J.     A  a     -K^cn 

■D     •      ■       -  bapt.  Aug.  6,  1769. 
Benjamin,  )       ^  ° 


59  Persis,  bapt.  Apr.  4,  1773 ;  m.  Samuel  Jarvis. 

60  Butler,  b.  after  Jan.,  1776. 

25  George*  Eanney  (George^  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  bapt.  Apr. 
14,  1733,  East  Middletown;  m.  Jan.  23,  1745-6,  Hannah*  Sage,  b. 
Mar.  15,  1724-5,  Upper  Houses,  dau,  of  John^  Sage,  Jr.  (John% 
David^)  and  Mary  Hall.  Both  were  adm.  to  full  communion  in 
East  Middletown  Ch.  Dec.  7,  1746.  Their  tombstones  are  given 
herewith.  He  d.  Feb.  25,  1804;  she  d.  June  9,  1797.  The  three 
first  born,  sons,  settled  in  Ashfield,  Mass.  Jonathan  inherited 
the  homestead. 

Children : 

61  George,  b.  June  9,  1746-7. 

62  Thomas,  b.  July  6,  1749. 

63  Francis,  b.  Apr.  19,  1753. 

Hannah,  b.  May  9,  1755  ;  m.  Joel  Hall.   (See  the  Hall  Family.) 

64  Mary,  b.  June  — ,  1757;  m.  July  1,   1779,  Nathaniel  Bos- 

Esther,  b.  Jan.  8,  1761 ;  d.  May  24,  1818,  Camden,  N.  Y.;  m. 
Apr.   13,  1779,  DanieP  Parke,  a  Eev.  seldier,  b.  Apr.   6, 
1758,    East   Middletown,    Ct.;   d.    Oct.    6,    1836,    Camden, 
N.  Y.    (Joseph^  Joseph*,  NathanieP,   Thomas-,  Eobert^). 
Children:     Molly,  Clarissa,  Sage,  Sally,  Johnson,  Eanney, 
Elisha,  Fanny,  Hannah,  Marshall,  George,  Esther,  George 
Scribee.    Mrs.  W.  J.  Frisbie,  Camden,  N.  Y.,  is  of  this  line. 
Lucy,  b.  Sept.  6,  1763;  m.  Jan.  22,  1784,  Seth  Knowles. 
64a  Jonathan,  b.  Sept.  3,  1765. 

Abigail,  bapt.  Sept.  24,  1769;  m.  Dec.  5,  1790,  AsaheP  Pel- 
ton,  b.  June  17,  1768,  d.  July  26,  1^43  (Joseph*,  John^ 
SamueP,  John^),    She  d.  Mar.  12,  1839,  Chatham,  Ct. 
Anne,  b.  Jan.  1,  1796 ;  m.  Eobert  Aiken,  lived  at  Euclid,  0. 
Eliza,  b.  July  1,  1798;  m.  Wm.  Turner. 

Eliza  Turner  m.  James  Blair ;  Charles  B.  Blair,  b.  Jan.  3, 
1858,  m.  Emma  Covode.  Lawyer.  Ees.  Grand  Eapids, 
Mich.     Children: 
Charles  C,  b.  Apr.  12,  1890. 
Margaret  C,  b.  Mar.  3,  1892. 
John  C,  b.  Apr.  17,  1895. 
James,  b.  Jan.  22,  1897. 
Chester,  b.  July  3,  1802. 
Francis,  b.  Nov.  5,  1804. 

Abigail,  b.  Nov.  28,  1806;  m.  Augustus  Brown. 
Lucy  Bosworth,  b.  Mar.  18,  1809;  m.  John  Wilcox.     (See 
Pelton  Genealogy.) 


26  Nathaniel*  Eanney  (NathanieP,  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b. 
July  16,  1735,  Upper  Houses;  m.  Mar.  10,  1757,  Prudence  Wil- 

lard,  b. ,  ,  dau.  of  Thomas  Willard,  who  d.  Sept. 

24,  1803.  He  inherited  his  father's  homestead.  Served  in  the 
French-Indian  War  and  in  the  Rev.  War.  In  both  wars  he  car- 
ried a  "  wooden  bottle  "  as  a  canteen  for  water.  It  is  seen  in  this 
volume  and  bears  his  initials  and  the  years  he  carried  it  in  the 
two  wars.  It  was  taken  to  Ohio  by  his  grandson  Comfort  and  is 
now  owned  by  his  descendant,  Luther  Kelsey  Ranney  of  Peninsula, 
0.  It  was  exhibited  at  the  1904  reunion  of  the  Society  of  Mid- 
dletown  Upper  Houses.  Nathaniel  Ranney  d.  May  13,  1800.  No 

Children : 
Thomas  Willard,  b.  Apr.  29,  1758;  d.  May  3,  1759. 
65     Comfort,  b.  Dec.  19,  1759. 

Nathaniel,  b.  Oct.  26,  1761;  d.  May  12,  1817. 

Prudence,  bapt.  Aug.  18,  1763 ;  m. Bishop. 

Rachel,  b.  Apr.  9,  1765. 

Daniel,  b.  Sept.  14,  1769. 

David,  b.  May  22,  1769;  in  1812  was  in  Mifflinburg,  Penn. 

Alle,  b.  May  13,  1771. 

Hannah,  b.  Mar.  17,  1773 ;  d.  Mar.  30,  1798. 

Anne,  b.  Apr.  27,  1775. 

Huldah,  b.  Aug.  6,  1777;  d.  Oct.  13,  1804. 

Willard,  b.  July  3,  1779 ;  alive  in  1802. 

27  Abraham*  Eanney  (NathanieP,  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  bapt. 
June  7,  1746,  Upper  Houses;  m.  Oct.  16,  1769,  Miriam  Treat, 
dau.  of  Stephen.  He  built  the  house  given  herewith  on  the  north 
part  of  his  father's  homestead,  given  him  in  the  will.  He  d.  Oct. 
17,  1775.  The  widow  m.  (2)  Mar.  20,  1776,  Elijah  Fellows  of 
New  York.  She  was  descended  from  Governor  Robert  Treat.  ( See 
the  Treat  Genealogy.) 

Children : 
Lydia,  b.  June  7,  1770;  m.  Medad  Keeney  of  New  Haven. 
Huldah,  b.  Mar.  9,  1772;  d.  Aug.  6,  1775. 
Luther,  b.  Mar.  27,  1774;  d. , . 

28  John*  Ranney  (John^,  John^,  Thomas^),  b.  Sept.  23,  1731, 
East  Middletown;  m.  Nov.  7,  1754,  North  Killingly,  Ct.,  Sybil 
Wilson.  He  served  in  1755  with  his  father  in  4th  Co.,  1st  Regt., 
French-Indian  War.  A  John  served  in  1757,  1758,  1759  and 
1760.  As  his  father  died  in  the  army  in  1760,  he  must  have 
been  the  one  who  died  in  the  army  in  1758,  when  his  widow  was 
appointed   adm. 


66     William,  bapt.  Sept.  14,  1756,  East  Middletown. 

29     Amos*  Eanney   (John^  John-,  Thomas^),  bapt.   Apr.   32, 

1744,  East  Middletown;  m.  (1)  Eachel  Hill,  m.  (2)  Lucy . 

He  applied  June  21,  1820,  for  a  pension,  stating  that  he  was  then 
78  years  of  age. 

"  He  the  said  Amos  Eanney  enlisted  for  the  term  of  seven 
months  in  the  latter  part  of  April.  1775,  in  the  State  of  Connec- 
ticut, in  the  company  commanded  by  Captain  E.  Scott,  in  the 
regiment  commanded  by  Col.  Samuel  Wyllys,  in  the  line  of  the 
State  of  Connecticut,  on  the  Continental  establishment;  that  he 
continued  to  serve  in  the  said  Corps  until  the  expiration  of  said 
seven  months  when  he  was  discharged  at  West  Point  in  the  State 
of  New  York:  that  he  enlisted  for  the  term  of  eight  months  on 
the  day  of  January  in  the  year  1776  in  the  State  of  Con- 
necticut in  the  company  commanded  by  Capt.  Elijah  Blackman  in 

the  Eegiment  commanded  by  Colonel  Mead  in  the  line 

of  the  State  of  Connecticut  on  the  Continental  establishment :  that 
he  continued  to  serve  in  the  said  Corps  until  the day  of  Sep- 
tember, 1776,  when  he  was  discharged  from  the  said  service  in 
Horse  Neck  in  the  State  of  Connecticut;  that  he  enlisted  for  a 

cruise  on  the day  of  January  in  the  year  1778  in  the  State 

of  Connecticut  on  board  of  the  ship  Oliver  Cromivell  commanded 
by  Captain  Timothy  Parker :  that  he  continued  to  serve  in  the 
said  ship  for  the  space  of  twelve  months  when  he  was  discharged 
therefrom  at  Charleston  in  the  State  of  South  Carolina:  that  he 

enlisted  for  the  term  of  nine  months  on  the day  of  March  in 

the  year  1779  in  the  State  of  Connecticut  in  the  company  com- 
manded by  Captain  Edward  Bulkeley  in  the  Eegiment  commanded 
by  Colonel  Samuel  Webb  in  the  line  of  the  State  of  Connecticut 
on  the  Continental  establishment:  that  he  continued  to  serve  in 

the  said  Corps  until  the day  of  December,  1779,  when  he  was 

discharged  from  the  said  service  in  West  Point  in  the  State  of 
New  York:  that  he  was  in  the  battles  of  Bunker  Hill,  White 
Plains  &  Monmouth;  and  while  oh  board  the  said  ship  Oliver 
Cromwell  assisted  at  the  capture  of  the  ship  Cyrus  and  the  ship 
Admiral  Keppel  in  one  engagement;  and  that  he  has  no  other 
evidence  now  in  his  power  of  his  said  services,  except  the  annexed 
affidavit  of  Major  Eobert  Warner." 

He  further  testified  that  for  more  than  eighteen  years  last  past 
he  had  been  a  "  wood  cutter  "  and  that  by  reason  of  age'  and  in- 


firmity  he  was  unable  to  labor  more  than  one-fourth  of  the  year: 
that  his  family  consisted  of  one  person  who  steadily  resided  with 
him:  who  was  his  wife  Lucy,  aged  78,  and  that  without  a  pension 
he  cannot  support  himself  except  by  the  aid  of  public  or  private 

"  Schedule  of  the  real  and  personal  estate  of  Amos  Eanney 
above  named,  comprising  every  article  of  the  same,  his  necessary 
clothing  and  bedding  excepted:  to  wit: 

dels,  cts 

One  ax 1. 

Shovel   and  tongs 25 

Four   chairs 80 

One  old  table 25 

One   hammer 06 

One  small  looking  glass 50 

Six  pewter  spoons 06 

Six  knives  and  forks 10 

Four  plates  and  two  platters 50 

No  provisions,  except  those  which 

I  obtain  from  day  to  day. 

One  water  pail 25 


From  Oliver  Boaedman's  Diary  on  Ship  "  Oliver  Cromwell  " 

On  2d  cruise.  Apr.  15th.  "  15th  at  Day  Break  we  saw  two  sail 
bearing  S.  E.  by  S.  distance  2  leagues.  We  gave  chase  under  a 
moderate  sail  at  9  o'clock,  P.  M.  Came  up  with  them.  They  at 
first  shew  French  colors  to  decoy  us  when  we  came  in  about  half 
a  mile  of  us  she  Ups  with  English  colors.  We  had  Continental 
colors  flying — We  engaged  the  ship  Admiral  Keppel  as  follows. 
When  we  came  in  about  20  rods  of  her  we  gave  her  a  Bow  gun. 
She  soon  returned  us  a  stern  chase  and  then  a  broad  side  of 
grape  and  rounnd  shot.  Cap't  orders  not  to  fire  till  we  can  see  the 
white  of  their  eyes.  We  got  close  under  their  larboard  quarter. 
They  began  another  broad  side  &  then  we  began  and  held  tuff 
and  tuff  for  about  2  glasses  and  then  she  struck  to  us.  At  the 
same  time  the  Defense  engaged  the  Cyrus  who  as  the  Kepple 
struck  wore  round  under  our  stern.  We  wore  ship  and  gave  her 
a  stern  chase  at  which  she  immediately  struck.  The  loss  on  our 
side  was  one  killed  and  six  wounded,  one  mortally  who  soon  died. 


Our  ship  was  hulled  9  times  with  six  pound  shott  three  of  which 
went  through  .our  Birth,  one  of  which  wounded  the  boatswain's 
yeoman.  The  loss  on  their  side  was  2  killed  and  6  wounded. 
Their  larboard  quarter  was  well  filled  with  shot.  One  nine 
pounder  went  through  her  main  mast. 

"  May  21st.     sent  the  prizes  northward. 

"  May  30th  Eeached  Charleston  with  the  Defense,  Capt.  Smed- 
ley.     Charleston  May  ye  30th  1778." 

captain's   conversation   on  third   cruise  with   OLIVER 

"  Charleston  July  6,  1778.  You  have  had  a  hard  task  of  it  and 
I  will  consider  you.  You  shall  have  as  much  again  as  you  expect. 
Ranney  &  those  that  leave  me  without  a  discharge  will  never  get 
anything.  You  better  go  aboard,  Boardman.  I  will  consider  you 
and  you'll  lose  nothing  by  it.  Answer,  '  I  am  obliged  to  you. 
Sir,'  and  so  went  aboard." 

"  3d  cruise.  Lost  masts  in  storm,  reached  New  London  Sept. 
6,  1778." 

There  is  no  record  of  the  death  of  himself  or  wife.  And  this 
patriot  without  a  mark  to  tell  where  he  is  buried  deserves  the 
fullest  record  for  the  honor  of  his  name  and  services.  He  may  be 
buried  in  Hog  Hill  Cemetery,  East  Hampton,  near  his  home. 

Children  hy  1st  marriage:. 
Esther,  b.  Apr.  21,  1770. 
Martha,  b.  Sept.  25,  1772. 

John,  b.  Mar.  23,  1775;  m.  Beulah  Hubbard,  b.  Chatham. 
He  d.  in  Florida.    She  is  buried  in  Hog  Hill  Cemetery, 
Middle  Haddam.     Child: 
David  Seth,  b.  Aug.  2,  1828;  m.  (1)  June  2,  1850,  Phebe 
A.  Arnold,  who  d.  Oct.  23,  1888.    He  m.  (2)  Aug.  1, 
1889,  Hattie  L.  Eogers ;   is  in  bakery  business,  Moodus, 
Ct.     CUld: 
Mary,  b.  Apr.  3,  1895.      ^ 
Amos,  b.'  Mar.  15,  1777. 

Timothy,  b.  July  1,  1781;  m.  1802,  widow  Damaris  Gay  and 
became  guardian  of  her  two  children.  Ees.  then,  Haddam, 

30  Jeremiah*  Eanney  (Eichard^,  John-,  Thomas^),  b.  Dec.  17, 
1730,  East  Middletown;  m.  Jan.  31,  1754,  Chloe  Leete,  dau.  of 


John  Leete.  Both  adm.  to  full  com.  Nov.  6,  1754.  He  served  in 
Canadian  campaign  of  1762.  Was  taken  prisoner.  Died  in  serv- 
ice Nov.  3,  1762.    Widow  m.  Thomas  Lloyd. 


67  David,  b.  Dec.  1,  1754. 
Eebecca,  b.  May  22,  1757. 
Ehoda,  b.  Aug.  28,  1758. 

31  Elijah*  Eanney  (Eichard%  John^,  Thomas^),  b.  Oct.  6, 
1735,  East  Middletown;  m.  Mar.  2,  1763,  Granville,  Mass.,  Mary 
Cook,  In  1756  he  had  purchased  land  in  Granville.  In  1773  he 
rem.  to  Blandford,  Mass.  On  Oct.  7,  1789,  the  estate  was  dis- 
tributed by  the  probate  court.  In  1809  the  widow  had  married 
Noah  Warren.  She  resided  with  her  son,  Deacon  Jeremiah,  and 
her  tombstone  at  Waterville,  New  York,  says :  "  Mary,  wife  of 
Elijah  Eanney  died  April  1,  1832,  aged  88  years." 

Children : 
Mary,  b.  Aug.  1,  1763 ;  m.  Jonathan  Norton. 
Sybi'l,  b.  July  29,  1765;  m.  Crane. 

68  Jeremiah,  b.  May  5,  1769. 

Elijah,  b. , ;  rem.  to  Watervliet,  N.  Y.,  where 

he  was  a  merchant  many  years;  described,  1794,  in  Bland- 
ford  as  a  goldsmith. 
68a  Ebenezer,  b.  May  25,  1776. 

69  Eufus,  b. ,  1780. 

Eoxana,  b.  ■  — , ;  m.  1791,  John  Lloyd;  d.  at  age 

of  99  years  9  mo.  Children  were  Thomas,  Leicester  and 

Eunice,  b. ,  ;  m.  Darius  Stephens. 

32  Stephen*  Eanney  (Eichard^,  John-,  Thomas^),  b.  Jan.  15, 
1737-8,  East  Middletown;  m.  Elizabeth  Dixon,  b.  Feb.  25,  1741, 
dau.  of  Eobert  Dixon.  He  served  in  1st  Eegt.,  Capt.  Timothy 
Herlihy.  1758,  1759,  1761  and  1762,  French-Indian  War.  Also 
in  the  Eev.  War,  1777,  1780,  1781.  He  d.  1807.  The  widow  d. 
Sept.  12,  1836,  and  the  heirs  applied  June  29,  1837,  for  a  pen- 
sion, which  was  allowed. 


70  Stephen,  bapt.  Dec.  4,  1763. 
Abigail,  bapt.  Aug.  18,  1765. 

Eeuben,  bapt.  Oct.  18,  1767;  in  1837  it  was  stated  in  the  ap- 

John  Jay  Hart 

(See  page  337) 

Ransom  Eckels 

(See  pag-o  284) 

Harris  Guernsey  Ranney 
(See  page  430) 

Norton  W.  Bingham 
(See  page  367) 

"^;   Abneb   Hax-NKV       (See    page    187)  Oi.ivkk  PvAXXFA"       (See  page  'Z 

Oliver   Franklin    Ranney 
(See  page  278) 

John    Goodhue    Kanney 
(See  page   376) 

Eahl  Eugene   Ranney  and  Children    (See  page  377) 


■     plication  for  a  pension  that  he  had  gone  to  N.  Y.  State  some 
years  previously  and  had  not  been  heard  from  for  13  or  15 
years.     (See  Appendix.) 
71     Joel,  bapt.  Oct.  29,  1775. 

Elizabeth,  b. ,  ;  m.  Agift  Pease  and  received 

from  her  mother  by  will  the  homestead.     (See  the  Pease 

33  Abner*  Eanney  (Eichard%  John^,  Thomas^),  b.  Mar.  15, 
1747-8,  East  Middletown;  m.  (1)  Oct.  6,  1778,  Blandford,  Mass., 
Lovisa  Shepard,  b.  Mar.  24,  1759,  dau.  of  Jonathan  Shepard  and 
Rachel  Lankton.  He  had  rem.  in  1773  to  Blandford  and  received, 
1773,  1776,  1783,  deeds  of  land  from  Jonathan  Shepard,  who  had 
gone  from  East  Middletown.  He  enlisted  Sept.  22,  1776,  as  3d 
Corp.,  Capt.  Wm.  Cooley's  Co.,  Col.  John  Moseley's  Eegt.,  and 
served  to  Nov.  16.  He  was  also  sergeant  in  Capt.  Samuel  Sloper's 
Co.,  Col.  David  Moseley's  Eegt.,  June,  1782.  He  rem.  to  Au- 
gusta, New  York,  where  he  died  Sept.  1,  1847.  "Patriot  of  a 
hundred  years, "  says  his  tombstone.  His  portrait  as  given  here- 
with was  taken  a  few  months  previous  to  his  decease.  His  wife 
d.  Dec.  25,  1817.  He  m.  (3)  Oct.  31,  1818,  Augusta,  N.  Y., 
Miriam  (Shepard)  Cook,  b.  July  4,  1755,  d.  June  6,  1834,  sister 
to  his  first  wife. 

CJiildren  hy  1st  marriage: 
73     Hannah,  b.  Apr.   9,   1779;  m.    (1)    Henry  Knox,    (2)    Joel 

73  Lovisa,  b.  Nov.  18,  1870;  m.  Samuel  Allen. 

74  Abner,  b.  Jan.  14,  1782. 

75  Joel,  b.  Oct.  28,  1783. 

76  Oliver,  b.  Dec.  6,  1785. 

Sally,  b.  Aug.  19,  1789;  m.  Samuel  Newell. 

Timothy,  b.  Feb.  23,  1790;  Sunday,  Apr.  15,  1810,  was  read- 
ing the  Bible  alternately  with  his  cousin,  Eiley  Shepard, 
when  he  was  accidentally  shot. 

77  Wells,  b.  Sept.  17,  1791. 

78  Lyman,  b.  Dec.  13,  1793. 

79  Eli,  b.  June  37,  1796. 

Harvey,  b. , ;  killed  by  a  fall  from  a  tree. 

Anson,  b. 

34  Fletcher*  Eanney  (Joseph^  Joseph%  Thomas^),  b.  Apr. 
39,  1736,  Upper  Houses;  m.  ,  Elizabeth  Powell  of  Hartford, 
through  her  mother  a  descendant  of  Thomas  Welles,  Governor, 
1655-58.    His  father  built  for  him  the  house  known  as  the  Fletcher 


Eanney  house,  seen  herewith,  which  stood  till  1902.  He  was 
a  carpenter.  He  d.  Dec.  14,  1772.  She  d.  Jan.  14,  1785.  Both 
have  gravestones. 

Children  : 

80  Joseph,  b.  Aug.  6,  1751. 

Caroline,  b.  May  27,  1753 ;  m.  Nov.  14,  1784,  John  Hamlin, 
son  of  Capt.  Nathaniel  Hamlin  and  Lucretia*  Eanney.  He 
was  a  Eev.  soldier.  Built  the  present  Wm.  F.  Ewald  house. 
He  d.  Nov.  29,  1834,  she  d.  Aug.  10,  1839. 

Eebecca,  b.  May  3,  1755;  d.  June  11,  1775. 

Elizabeth  Welles,  b.  Jan.  20,  1757;  m.  Sept.  30,  1779,  Epa- 
phras  Sage,  a  Eev.  soldier.  She  was  pensioned.  (See  the 
Sage  Family.) 

81  Simeon,  b.  Nov.  25,  1759. 

Lois,  b.  Nov.  16,  1761 ;  m.  Nov.  26,  1789,  Daniel  Arnold,  lost 
at  sea,  1819,  aged  54.  She  was  alive  in  1839.  Children: 
Sarah,  Daniel  and  George,  bapt.  Aug.  21,  1803. 

82  William,  b.  Nov.  14,  1763. 

Sarah,  b.  Jan.  15,  1766;  d.  May  13,  1786. 

35  Stephen*  Eanney  (Joseph^,  Joseph^,  Thomas^),  b.  Sept.  18, 
1730,  Upper  Houses;  m.  Nov.  27,  1752,  Middletown  or  Guilford, 
Patience  Ward,  b.  Mar.  25,  1733,  Middletown,  dau.  of  Samuel 
Ward,  b.  1704,  and  Lucy  Eogers.  b.  1708.  He  was  a  shipbuilder 
and  rem.  to  Middletown  where  he  purchased  a  wharf  of  Col.  Com- 
fort Sage.  His  marriage  is  recorded  in  Guilford  records.  Andrew 
Ward,  Jr.,  of  Guilford,  was  Capt.  and  Lt.  Col.  of  the  4th  Eeg. 
in  1755,  French-Indian  War,  and  Stephen  Eanney  was  clerk,  Sept. 
4-Dec.  8.  He  built  a  house  on  the  site  of  the  Green  St.  school- 
house,  Middletown.  He  furnished  material  for  the  brig,  Minerva, 
built  by  the  Colony  of  Connecticut  for  the  defense  of  the  cause 
in  Eev.  War.  He  was  raised  in  St.  Lodge  No.  2,  F.  A.  M.,  Middle- 
town,  May  4,  1768.  In  1784  was  warden  of  Christ  Epis.  Ch.  On 
Sept.  17,  1786,  he  and  his  wife  were  confirmed  by  Bishop  Seabury. 
Some  of  his  children  were  baptized  on  the  day  of  birth,  some  on 
the  day  after  birth.  The  inventory  included  his  Masonic  leather 
apron  and  gloves,  silver  knee  buckles,  11  silver  buttons,  gold  sleeve- 
buttons,  a  sword,  2  canes,  a  whip,  and  a  silver  medal.  At  vendue 
seven  "  old  tea  spoons  "  were  sold  for  $2.25.  The  Masonic,  1782, 
cane  is  owned  by  T.  W.  Beaumont.  He  d.  Dec.  12,  1803.  His 
tombstone  in  Mortimer  Cemetery  bears  the  Masonic  emblems.  The 
widow  d.  Dec.  4,  1821.  In  signing  the  inventory  the  two  sons 
differed.  Stephen  Eainey  and  Samuel  Ward  Eanney  is  the  way  they 
wrote  their  names. 


Children : 
83     Stephen,  b.  Oct.  14,  1753. 

Samuel  Ward,  b.  Oct.  23,  1755;  d.  Nov.  22,  1756. 
83a  Samuel  Ward,  b.  May  13,  1758. 

Lucy,  b.  Apr.  24,  1762;  m.  Kichard  Butler.     (See  the  Butler 

Daniel,  b.  Nov.  19,  1764;  d.  Jan.  13,  1792;  m.  Sept.  1791, 
Martha  Southmayd.     She  m.   (2),  1796,  Benj.  Conklin  of 
Diana,  b.  Apr.  15,  1769;  d.  Sept.  20,  1770. 
Patience,  b.  June  9,  1771;  m.  Jan.  8,  1791,  William  Eussell, 
d.   Sept.   22,   1796.     He  m.    (2)    July  19,  1798,   Sarah 
Plumb,    dau.    of    Reuben    Plumb    and    Mary    Shepard. 
Children : 
Harriet  Wadsworth,  b.  Oct.  29,  1791 ;  m.  Geo.  W.  Bull. 
Ruth  Whitmore,  b.  Sept.  28,  1793 ;  d.  Oct.  19,  1817. 
Patience  Ward,  b.  Aug.  27,  1795 ;  d.  June  19,  1799. 

[Russell  Lineage — William^  Russell  came  to  New  Haven  with 
the  Whitfield  company;  m.  1644,  Sarah  Davis;  d.  Jan.  2,  1664-5,  ge. 
Jlftv-two  years  and  three  months. 

"  Devotes  his  son  Noadiah-  to  God  in  the  way  of  learning,"  b. 
July  22,  1659,  grad.  1681,  Harvard,  tutor  to  1683,  kept  daily  diary. 
Supt.  of  Grammar  School  at  Ipswich,  Mass.,  compiled  the  "  Cam- 
bridge Almanack,"  1684,  first  one  printed  in  America.  Settled  at 
Middletown,  Oct  24,  1688,  one  of  the  founders,  1700,  of  Yale; 
one  of  the  framers  of  the  Saybrook  Platform;  m.  Feb.  20,  1690, 
Mary  Hamlin,  dau.  of  Capt.  Giles.  Died  Dec.  3,  1713.  Wid.  d. 
at  home  of  son  Rev.  Wm.,  Oct.  14,  1743,  se.  eighty-one. 

Rev.  William^,  b.  1690,  grad.  1709,  Yale,  tutor  at  Yale  two  years, 
succeeded  father  as  pastor,  June  1,  1715,  served  forty-six  years;  d. 
June,  1761.  Son  Daniel*  was  pastor  at  Rocky  Hill;  son  William* 
pastor  at  Windsor. 

Capt.  Samuel*,  b.  Middletown,  1730,  held  many  local  important 
offices ;  m.  Ruth  Wetmore.     He  d.  Mar.  14,  1794 ;  she  d.  1773. 

Capt.  William^  b.  Oct.  1,  1767-,  Middletown,  cabinet  maker 
(Russell  &  Barnes),  then  in  carriage  business  with  Nathan  Wilcox, 
later  with  his  son  Jacob  in  mfr.  of  hardware.  In  1803  rem.  to 
Danville,  111.] 

36  Hezekiah*  Ranney  (Joseph^,  Joseph-,  Thomas^),  b.  Sept. 
1,  1742,  Upper  Houses;  m.  (1)  Feb.  28,  1765,  Lucretia  Hartshorn, 
b.  Mar.,  1746,  Bristol,  R.  I.;  d.  Sept.  5,  1784,  dau.  of  Jacob  and 
Martha  Hartshorn;  m.  (2)  Martha  (Edwards)  Stocking,  b.  1744; 


d.  Nov.  14,  1790;  widow  of  Capt.  Zebulon  Stocking  and  dau.  of 
David  Edwards  and  Mary  Churchill;  m.  (3)  Mrs.  Ann  (Wright) 
Sage,  widow  of  Giles  Sage.  His  first  wife's  children  were  baptized 
in  the  Epis.  ch.  of  lower  Middletown,  indicating  that  their  mother 
belonged  to  an  Episcopal  family  in  E.  I.,  at  which  time  there  were 
but  four  Epis.  parishes  in  that  State.  He  was  noted  as  a  school- 
master. His  school  report  for  1786  gave  the  name  of  each  head 
of  a  family,  the  number  of  days  each  set  of  children  attended,  and 
how  much  wood  each  family  contributed.  His  grandson,  the  Rev. 
Roderick  H.  Ranney,  in  1873  wrote  to  the  compiler  the  following: 

"He  sometimes  taught  school,  as  I  chanced  to  learn  by  an  inci- 
dent he  related  to  me  of  having  flogged  (for  using  disrespectful 
language  to  an  old  man  as  they  were  taking  a  sleigh  ride  past  the 
house  at  night)  six  young  men,  his  pupils,  larger  than  himself;  for 
in  those  days  the  teacher  was  held  responsible  for  the  pupils'  con- 
duct at  all  times  and  all  places.  The  parents  heard  their  sons  were 
to  be  flogged  the  third  day  and  came  to  see  him,  saying  '  you  are 
not  able  to  do  it  and  will  get  flogged  yourself.'  '  Well,  I  will  try 
it.'  'No,'  said  they,  'we  have  contrived  it  for  yon.  We  will  keep 
four  of  them  home  all  day  to-morrow  and  send  two  whom  you  can 
flog,  and  so  also  on  the  two  succeeding  days.'  A  few  days  after 
having  been  flogged,  two  by  two,  these  same  young  men,  feeling  the 
necessity  of  progressing  faster  in  their  studies,  came  to  him  with 
the  request  that  he  would  give  them  evening  lessons  '  for  a  con- 
sideration.' "  His  father  had  deeded  him,  who  had  remained  at 
home  to  care  for  the  old  folks,  the  homestead.  In  1795  he  sold  it 
and  rem.  to  New  Providence,  Saratoga  Co.,  N.  Y.  The  grandson, 
above  named,  visited  him  in  1825  at  his  home,  Edinburg,  near 
Lansingburg,  where  he  died  in  1826.  The  widow  went  to  live  with 
her  son,  Orrin  Sage,  and  is  buried  in  Rochester,  N.  Y. 

Child  hy  2d  marriage: 
Joseph,  b.  Mar.  8,  1766,  in  Bristol,  R.  I.;  captured  by  the 

British  and  d.  in  prison,  1782. 
Lucretia,  b.  Jan.   11,   1769;  m.  Johnson.     Child: 

Julia  ;  m.  Leake. 

84  Charles,  b.  Oct.  4.  1771. 

85  Hezekiah,  b.  Jan.  17,  1774. 

Charlotte,  b.  Feb.  22,  1776;  m.  Eli  Judson.    Child:    David. 
Abigail,  b.  Mar.  30,  1778;  m.  Leonard  Baker,  dau.  Harriet,  d. 
1880;  m.  Rogers. 

86  Roderick,  b.  Mar.  24,  1780. 


Child  by  2d  marriage: 

87  David  Stocking,  b.  Apr.  22,  1787. 

Children  by  3d  marriage: 

88  Horatio  Gates,  b.  Dec.  25,  1799. 
88a  Sylvester,  b.  Aug.  2,  1802. 

Martha,  b. ;  m.  Bennett.    Children:    Solon  S., 

Charles  E. 
Mary,  b. ;  m.  Orizam  Corbin.     He  d.  abt.  1835.     She 

d.  in  Cleveland. 

37  Lucretia*  Eanney  (DanieP,  Joseph-,  Thomas^),  b.  Mar.  12, 
1737-8,  Upper  Houses;  m.  May  16,  1753,  Capt.  Nathaniel*  Ham- 
lin, b.  May  29,  1732,  son  of  Capt.  Eichard  Hamlin^  and  Martha 
Smith,  dau.  of  the  Eev.  Joseph^  Smith,  first  pastor  at  Upper 
Houses.  Capt.  Eichard  Hamlin^  b.  May  17,  1693,  was  the  son 
of  William^  Hamlin  and  Susannah  Collins,  b.  Nov.  26,  1669,  dau. 
of  the  Eev.  Nathaniel  Collins  and  Mary  Whiting  of  Middletown. 
William-  Hamlin  was  the  son  of  Giles^  Hamlin  and  Hester^ 
Crow,  dau.  of  John^  Crow  of  Hartford.  Giles  Hamlin  was  a  dis- 
tinguished mariner.  His  epitaph  says  he  was  "near  fifty  years 
crossing  the  ocean  wide." 

Capt.  Nathaniel  Hamlin  was  app.  Oct.,  1770,  Captain  10th  Co., 
6th  Eegt.  Militia;  resided  in  Newfield  Street  and  d.  1778. 


89  Daniel  Eanney,  b.  July  23,  1755.  * 
John,  b.  Jan.  7,  1757;  m.  Nov.  14,  1784,  Caroline^  Eanney 

(Fletcher*),     A  Eev.  soldier,  buried  in  Cromwell. 

90  Esther,  b.  July  10,  1759;  m.  Abner  Hubbard. 

91  Mary,  b.  1760;  m.  Benj.  Gilbert. 

Martha,  b.  Mar.  29,  1761 ;  m.  Oct.  3,  1782,  Daniel  Eells.     (See 

The  Eells  Family.) 
Lucretia,  b.  May  3,  1763;  m.  Samuel  Cotton. 

38  Jonathan*  Eanney  (Jonathan^  Joseph-,  Thomas^),  bapt. 
May  20,  1744,  Upper  Houses;  m.  Nov.  25,  1773,  New  Haven,  Ct., 
Hannah  Tiley  or  Tilley  of  Saybrook,  Ct.,  b.  1753.  He  was  a  boy 
when  his  father  rem.  to  Guilford;  was  a  hatter,  and  had  an  estab- 
lishment in  New  Haven  and  later  in  Middletown,  Ct.,  where  he  d. 
July  16,  1828.  She  brought  a  letter,  1791,  from  the  2d  Church 
of  Saybrook,  now  Essex,  to  the  1st  Church  of  Middletown,  where 
she  d.  May  24,  1838.  Her  father  after  a  few  years  owned  the  Eev. 
Joseph  Smith  house,  sold  it,  1746,  and  rem.  to  Saybrook,  now 
Essex,  Conn. 


Children  : 
Thomas  Tiley,  b.  June  22,  1777,  d.  Jan.  15,  1796. 
92     William,  b.  Nov.  30,  1783. 

Sally,  b.  ;  m.  Jan.  10,  1802,  Joshua  Cone.     Child: 

Chloe,  b.  1808,  d.  1880,  East  Haddam. 
Hannah,  b.  1787;  d.  Jan.  9,  1844. 
Phineas,  b.  ;  d.  unm.  abt.  1860,  Middletown. 

39     Ebenezer*  Eanney  (Ebenezer^,  Ebenezer-,  Thomas^),  bapt. 

Apr.  24,  1748,  Upper  Houses; 

m.  Nov.  30,  1769,  Newington 

'  /  /  L^(r7y  /  Church,   Lois*  Blinn,  b.   May 

'9Z-f  ^€^   ^  ^^U/  13,   1745,   Newington   Society 

^  /  /       °^  Wethersfield,  Conn.    He  in- 

^  (y         herited    the    original    Eanney 

homestead  and  built  on  the  north  part  a  house  for  his  son  James. 

He  served  in  the  Eev.  War.     A  bronze  marker  of  the  S.  A.  E.  is  at 

his  grave.     He  d.  Oct.  7,  1822.     She  d.  Oct.  24,  1831. 


Euth,  bapt.  Mar.  3,  1771 ;  m.  Mar.  31,  1790,  Capt.  John  White. 
(See  The  White  Family.) 

Lois,  bapt.  Mar.  7.  1773;  d.  unm.  Dec.  28,  1861,  was  the 
tailoress  of  the  village,  cared  for  her  mother  and  brother 
Eben.  After  1847  she  resided  with  her  nephew  James  Ean- 
ney.    Eead  always,  but  never  used  glasses. 

93  Margaret,  b.  Dec.  23,  1775. 

Elisha,  bapt.  Jan.  3,  1779 ;  d.  Oct.  23,  1780. 
Ebenezer,  bapt.  Dec.  24,  1780;  d.  unm.  Aug.  16,  1845. 

94  James,  bapt.  Nov.  10,  1782. 
Vester,  bapt.  Aug.  28,  1785. 

[Blinn  Lineage — Peter^  Blinn  of  Wethersfield  was  a  carpenter; 
m.  Johanna .  His  will  is  dated  Mar.  2,  1725,  "  age  eighty- 
four  vears  being  in  health  of  body." 

William^  Blinn,  b.  1675;  m.  Nov.  13,  1701,  Anna^  Coultman,  b. 
Mar.  11,  1679;  d.  Oct.  17,  1724,  dau.  of  John^  Coultman,  a  settler 
of  Wethersfield,  who  was  the  son  of  Thomas  Coultman,  of  Newton, 
Harcoate,  Weston,  Leicestershire,  England. 

Peter^  Blinn,  b.  Feb.  4,  1713 ;  d.  Mar.  7,  1793 ;  m.  Mar.  10,  1734, 
Martha  Collins,  b.  July  9,  1709,  dau.  of  Samuel  and  Martha 

Lois*  Blinn  of  Kensington  Society,  Wethersfield,  was  born  May 
13,  1745.] 


40  Dr.  Thomas  Stow^  Kanney  (Jeremiah*,  Thomas^  Thomas^ 

Thomas^),    b.    May    10, 

CpZ  Ci^  y     nj  1744,  Upper  Houses;  m. 

yhc^^  c7 y/a...^  rf^rt-^c,  (1)  Feb.  23,  1780,  Brent- 
wood, N".  H.,  Hannah 
Hook,  b.  1757,  d.  July  9, 
1796,  Brentwood;  m.  (2) 
Jan.  3,  1798,  Brentwood,  Hannah  Hook,  probably  of  the 
same  family  as  that  of  his  first  wife.  He  rem.  with  his  parents 
to  Bethlehem,  Litchfield  Co.,  Ct.  A  Thomas  Eanney  served  from 
Litchfield  Co.,  Mar.  23-Dec.  3,  1762,  in  the  French-Indian  War. 
He  rem.  to  Brentwood,  N".  H.,  and  about  1810  he  rem.  to  New- 
port, Maine,  where  he  died.  He  was  a  physician.  Was  town  clerk 
many  years  in  Brentwood. 

Children : 

95  Moses,  b.  May  14,  1799. 

96  Hannah,  b.  Sept.  4,  1801 ;  m.  Samuel  Stetson. 

97  Thomas  Stow,  b.  Dec.  7,  1810. 

41  Nathan^  R^nney  (Jeremiah*,  Thomas^,  Thomas^,  Thomas^ )^ 

b.  June  20,  1751,  Upper  Houses;  m.   (1)   Ruth  Cole;  b. ;  d. 

,  1816,  Whitehall,  N.  Y.;  m.  (2)  1819,  widow  of  Charles 

McArthur  of  Scotch  Hill;  d.  1819.  He  rem  with  his  parents  to 
Bethlehem,  Conn.;  in  1804  to  Whitehall,  N".  Y.;  in  1817  to  .Fair 
Haven,  Vt.,  residing  on  Scotch  Hill,  where  he  d.  Jan.  12,  1831. 


Phebe,  b. ;  m.  (1)  Abel  Foster;  m.  (2)  Aaron  Smith 

of  Whitehall,  N.  Y. 

Thomas   Stow,  b. ;  m.   Mary  Martin  of  Enosburg; 

kept  tavern  in  Whitehall ;  rem.  1823  to  Enosburg,  where  he 
died,  1834;  widow  m.  Burleigh  Davis;  her  family  rem.  to 
Fair  Haven,  Vt.  Children:  Mary,  Oliver  Perry.  Helen, 
Edwin,  Althea,  Nathaniel,  Betsey.     (See  Appendix.) 

Ruth,  b.  1790;  d.  June,  1866,  Whitehall,  N.  Y. 

Martha,  b.  Aug.  23,  1793;  m.  Jan.  16,  1818,  Levi  Reed,  rem.  to 



Fair  Haven,  Vt,  where  she  d,  Apr.,  1869,    Children:    Fay- 
ette, Nathan  Eanney,  Helen,  Edgar.     (See  Appendix.) 
Elizabeth,  b.  ;  d.  1868,  Whitehall,  N.  Y. 

98  Nathan,  b.  Apr.  27,  1797. 

Philena,  b.  ;  m.  Salmon  Norton,  Jr.,  rem.  to  Mar- 

cellus,  N,  Y.,  where  he  d.     She  rem.  to  Angelica,  N.  Y., 
then  to  Morenci,  Mich.    Children:    Mary  and  Ellen. 

99  Nathaniel  Cole,  b. 

100  Caleb  Barnes,  b.  1807. 

42  Solomon^  Eanney  (Jeremiah*,  Thomas^,  Thomas-,  Thomas^), 
b.  1756,  Bethlehem,  Ct.,  m.  Rebecca  Churchill,  b.  July  20,  1764, 
Bethlehem,  Ct.  (Jonathan^,  Joseph^,  Josiah^,  of  Wethersfield,  Ct. 
See  Churchill  Genealogy.)  Served  in  the  Rev.  War  as  per 
app.  for  pension  dated  May  4,  1818,  from  May  1,  1775,  nine 
months;  from  Aug.,  1776,  three  months;  from  May,  1778,  nine 
months.  He  also  served  in  1782  as  per  Vol.  8,  Conn.  Hist.  Soc. 
Rolls.    He  rem.  before  1818  to  Kortright,  N.  Y.,  where  he  died. 

Children : 

101  Martha  Patty,  b.  Apr.  15,  1786. 

A  daughter,  b.  ;  m.  Mark  Morris,  rem.  to  Nelson,  0., 

where  they  died.    Had  one  daughter. 

43  Stephen"*  Ranney  (Jeremiah*,  Thomas^,  Thomas^,  Thomas^), 
b.  May  24,  1761,  Bethlehem,  Conn.;  m.  (1)  Apr.  15,  1785,  Litch- 
field, Conn.,  Margery  Camp,  b.  Aug.  17,  1763,  Bethlehem,  Conn. ; 
d.  May,  1792,  Litchfield,  Conn.;  m.  (2)  May,  1795,  Rhoda  Lang- 
don,  b ;  d. 1802;  m.  (3)  1804,  Hannah  Cooper, 

b. ;  d.  Jan.  11,  1811;  m.  (4)  Oct.  11,  1812,  Salem,  Mass., 

Elizabeth  Hathorne,  b. ;  d.  Aug.  11,  1822.    He  died  1827, 

Jackson,  Mo. 

It  is  a  family  tradition  that  when  a  boy  he  was  bound  out  to 
a  deacon,  and  one  of  his  duties  was  to  feed  the  swine.  The  deacon 
threatened  to  thrash  him,  and  the  boy,  preferring  to  avoid  a  con- 
test, trudged  a  number  of  miles  to  where  General  Greene  was  re- 
cruiting, and  enlisted.  The  official  record  of  his  service  as  given 
by  the  War  Department  follows: 

"  Enlisted  June  12,  1776  and  discharged  Jan.  1,  1777,  being  a 
member  of  Capt.  Jonathan  Johnson's  Company,  Col.  Phillip  B. 
Bradley's  Regiment,  Connecticut  Forces. 

"  He  enlisted  May  2,  1777,  for  the  war,  in  Capt.  Samuel  Mat- 
tock's Company,  8th  Connecticut  Regiment,  which  had  various 
commanders;  transferred  January,  1781,  to  Captain  Benton's  Com- 

Stephen  Ranney 
(See  page  194) 

William  Caton  Ranney 
(See  page  238) 

John  Hathorne  Ranney 
(See  page  239) 

Oliver  RanneY 

(See  page  241) 

Thomas   Stow^    Raxney   at   82 
(See  page  242) 


pany,  also  designated  the  7th  Company,  5th  Connecticut  Kegiment, 
commanded  by  Lieutenant  Colonel  Isaac  Sherman;  appointed  cor- 
poral June  1.  1781,  transferred  August  1,  1872,  to  Light  Infantry 
Company,  same  regiment,  and  transferred  November  1,  1782,  to  the 
5th  Company,  1st  Connecticut  regiment,  commanded  by  Colonel 
Zebulon  Butler.  His  name  is  last  found  on  the  muster  roll  of  the 
company  for  the  month  of  April,  1783,  dated  May  27,  1783,  which 
shows  him  on  furlough," 

He  was  in  the  battles  of  Brandywine,  Germantown,  Mud  Island, 
Red  Bank  and  others.  At  Monmouth  he  received  wounds  in  the 
leg  and  hand  during  the  conflict  which  took  place  between  the 
British  and  that  part  of  General  Lee's  corps  which,  in  pursuance 
of  their  order,  checked  the  enemy's  advance,  and  gave  time  for 
the  American  reserve  under  General  Washington  to  form.  For  his 
gallantry  in  that  memorable  affair  he  was  presented  with  a  sword 
by  Lafayette. 

When  a  war  between  France  and  the  United  States  was  expected 
he  applied  for  a  commission,  reciting  his  services  in  the  Revolu- 
tionary War,  and  stating  that  he  had  conducted  a  military  school 
in  Litchfield,  Conn.  He  was  appointed  a  captain  of  the  13th 
United  States  Infantry,  February  13,  1799,  and  was  honorably  dis- 
charged June  15,  1800. 

In  the  political  excitement  which  soon  occupied  the  public  at- 
tention, Selleck  Osborn,  editor  of  The  Witness,  a  Democratic  organ, 
was  thrown  into  prison  for  the  offense  of  having  unduly  criticised 
his  Federal  opponents.  This  attack  on  the  liberty  of  the  press 
aroused  the  Democrats  of  Litchfield  County.  There  was  a  monster 
meeting  held  on  July  4,  1806,  when  it  was  decided  to  have  a  demon- 
stration on  Aug.  6.  For  this  gathering  Democrats  came  from  all 
over  the  county.  Cannon  were  fired  at  sunrise,  and  bands  rendered 
martial  music.  Major  Ranney  was  chief  marshal  of  the  parade. 
When  they  reached  the  jail,  all  bowed  in  saluting  Mr.  Osborn.  A 
meeting  was  then  held  in  the  Congregational  Church. 

The  following  letter  explains  itself : 

Litchfield  May  23  -  1808 

I  have  served  in  the  Army  through  the  Revolutionary  War, 
two  years  of  which  time  I  did  the  duty  of  a  drill-sergeant.  After 
the  war  was  concluded  I  commanded  a  company  of  militia  in 
this  town  and  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  major  in  the  militia, 
which  office  I  resigned  and  accepted  a  captaincy  in  the  late  Army 
raised  under  President   Adams'   administration     I   have   since 


taught  a  military  school  in  this  town.  I  am  now  desirous  of 
obtaining  the  appointment  of  major,  in  the  Army  to  be  raised, 
Should  there  be  no  field  officer  allotted  to  the  State  of  Connec- 
ticut, I  will  accept  that  of  a  captain,  on  the  presumption  that 
my  pretention  to  rank  will  give  me  the  first  captaincy. 

I  have  the  honnor  to  be,  sir,  with  due  submission. 

Your  humble  servant 
Stephen  Eanney. 
Hon*  Henry  Dearbon  Esqr 

Secretary  of  War. 

He  was  appointed  a  captain  in  the  4th  United  States  Infantry, 
June  18,  1808;  promoted  major  of  the  same  regiment  January  20, 
1813;  lieutenant  colonel,  same  regiment,  May  15,  1814;  honorably 
discharged  on  the  reduction  of  the  Army,  June  15,  1815. 

It  is  a  family  tradition  that  when  Hull  surrendered  Detroit 
Col.  Eanney  was  away  on  a  foraging  expedition  with  orders  to  drive 
the  Indians  back.  On  his  return,  finding  that  Hull  had  surren- 
dered, he  and  his  command  cut  their  way  through  and  escaped  to 
the  east.     He  was  a  principal  witness  against  Hull  in  his  trial  later. 

George  Eanney,  a  brother  of  StepKen,  was  killed  at  Stony  Point. 
Another  brother,  Solomon,  served  through  the  war.  A  son,  John- 
son, probably  named  after  Captain  Johnson,  under  whom  he  first 
served,  was  commissioned  Lieutenant  in  1812  and  continued  in  the 
4th  Eeg.  under  his  father  till  the  army  disbanded  in  1815. 

Colonel  Ranney's  son,  William  Caton,  having  been  born  at  White- 
hall, N.  Y.,  it  is  probable  that  his  family  was  domiciled  there  with 
his  brother  Nathan  who  had  removed  from  Bethlehem.  By  1818 
he  had  become  a  resident  of  Indiana  where  his  next  son  was  born. 
He  was  appointed  Adjutant  General  of  Indiana  by  Governor  Hen- 
dricks, and  served  from  Dec.  5,  1822  to  Sept.  3,  1823.  He  then 
removed  to  Jackson,  Mo.,  where  his  son,  Johnson,  had  been  settled 
as  a  lawyer  for  some  years.  His  death  occurred  in  1827  and  he  was 
buried  with  Masonic  and  military  honors. 

Children  hy  1st  marriage: 

102  Jeremiah,  b.  Jan.  20,  1786,  Bethlehem,  Conn. 
Mary,  b..  Dec.  21,  1787,  Bethlehem,  Conn. 

103  Johnson,  b.  Dec.  19,  1789,  Litchfield,  Conn. 
Stephen,  b.  Feb.,  1792;  d.  1794. 

Children  by  2d  marriage:' 
Margery,  b.  Apr.,  1797. 
Reuel,  b.  Oct.,  1798. 


Norman,  b. 

Stephen,  Jr.,  b.  June,  1805. 
Ehoda,  b.  Sept.  25,  1807. 
Eliza,  b.  Sept.  30,  1809. 

104  Hannah  Cooper,  b.  Jan.  11,  1811. 

Children  by  3d  marriage: 
Julius  Augustus,  b.  Aug.  23,  1813;  d.  Nov.  16,  1813. 

105  William  Caton,  b.  Feb.  20,  1815,  Whitehall,  N.  Y. 

106  John  Hathorne,  b.  Feb.  5,  1818,  Charleston,  Ind. 
Benj.  Herbert,  b.  Mar.  27,  1821;  d.  Nov.  19,  1821. 

44     Julius^  Eanney   (Jeremiah*,  Thomas^,  Thomas-  Thomas^), 
b.  1765,  Bethlehem,  Ct.;  m.  ,  Jerusha  Butler,  b.  1768,  dau. 

of  Silas^  Butler  (Malachi*,  John^,  John-,  Nicholas^)  and  Jerusha^ 
Spencer,  (Eldad*,  Desb^ough^  Obadiah^,  Thomas^  of  Hartford). 
She  built  a  Cong.  Ch.  in  Danby,  N.  Y.,  where  she  died  Mar.  26, 
1844.    He  was  a  blacksmith  and  d.  July  12,  1802,  Bethlehem,  Ct. 

Children  : 
Lucy,  b.  Sept.  15,  1788;  d.  May  18,  1794. 

107  Polly,  b.  Sept.  14,  1790;  m.  Hiram  Hawes. 

Julius,  h.  Aug.  24,  1792;  m.  (1)  Hannah  Dakin,  (2)  Almira 
Potter.  He  was  captured  in  War  of  1812,  and  suffered  much. 
Wanted  to  go  to  France  and  enlist  under  Napoleon  to  get  even 
with  England;  d.  Jan.  29,  1852,  Dexter,  Mich.    No  children. 

108  Lucy,  b.  July  18,  1794 ;  m.  Eev.  Urban  Palmer. 

109  Oliver,  b.  Sept.  19,  1796. 

Susan,  b.  Feb.  28,  1799;  m.  James  Sturges. 
Thomas  Stow,  b.  Aug.  22,  1802. 

William^  Eanney  (Thomas*,  Thomas^  Thomas^,  Thomas^), 

b.  Sept.  18,  1753,  Upper 
Houses;  m.  May  13,  1779, 
ipiyt^  >l  ^  Westminster,  Vt.,  Lydia  Ean- 
ney, his  first  cousin,  b,  Apr.  18, 
1759,  Haddam,  Conn.,  d.  June 
11,  1825,  Westminster  West, 
Vt.,  dau.  of  Ephraim  Eanney  and  Silence  Wilcox.  He  served  in 
the  Eev.  War  frpm  Upper  Houses,  and  went  to  Hartford,  Vt.,  1777, 
where  he  served  for  a  few  months.  His  pension  for  services  from 
Connecticut  was  granted  Mar.  4,  1731,  when  he  was  nearly  80  years 
of  age.  He  was  a  deacon  of  the  church  in  Westminster  West,  of 
which  his  cousin  Elijah  was  the  first  deacon.  He  died  Feb.  17, 
1737.     Stone  in  W.  W.  churchyard. 




Thomas,  b.  Oct.  2,  1781;  d.  July  10,  1817;  unm. 

111  William,  b.  June  5,  1784. 

Elizabeth  Wilcox,  b.  June  19,  1788 ;  d.  Nov.  10,  1821 ;  unm. 
Silence  Wilcox,  b.  Apr.  9,  1791;  m.  Nov.  15,  1815,  John 

112  Stephen,  b.  Apr.  28,  1793. 

Achsah,  b.  Feb.  27,  1796;  d.  Jan.  21,  1816;  unm. 

46  Ephraim^  Ranney  (Ephraim*,  Thomas%  Thomas^, 
Thomas^),  b.  Oct.  27,  1748,  Upper  Houses;  m.  (1)  Dec,  1770, 
Westminster,  Vt.,  Lydia  Johnson,  b.  1751,  d.  Feb.  13,  1787;  m. 
(2)  Oct.  10,  1790,  Ehoda  Harlow,  b.  1770,  d.  Sept.  20,  1850,  dau. 
of  Eleazar  Harlow.  He  d.  May  30,  1835.  Ephraim  Ranney  and 
other  children  in  1812  signed  an  agreement  as  to  the  distribution 
of  property  and  their  autographs  are  copied  from  that  agreement. 

He  was  a  stalwart  man  and  helped  to  clear  up  much  land  on 
the  bank  of  the  Conn.  River,  and  then  was  one  of  the  first  to 
cross  the  ridge  and  make  a  settlement  in  Westminster  West.  Rev. 
A.  Stevens  in  his  history  says: 

"  Ephraim  Ranney,  Jr.,  David  Heaton  and  Jotham  Holt,  about 
^  ^  the    year    1768,    made    an 

/'^<j»t^^'^''^''^--'^^^^:::^^\   opening  in  the  forest  on  the 
^  /\/     )   farm  near  the  present  site 

/of  the  church.  They  were 
young  men,  and  for  some  time  messed  together  in  a  log-house  built 
by  Ranney,  a  few  feet  south  of  the  house  now  occupied  by  Hon.  Wil- 
liam B.  Cutting  (1885).  They  made  their  own  porridge  and  ate  out 
of  a  common  dish.  Mr.  Heaton  was  a  passionate  man,  and  when  in- 
sulted would  leave  the  house.  When  the  porridge  was  a  little 
short  of  their  wants  Ranney  and  Holt  had  only  to  insult  their 
messmate,  and  they  had  the  dish  all  to  themselves.  This  state  of 
things  did  not  long  continue.  Mr.  Ranney  brought  to  the  log- 
house,  in  1770,  a  wife,  and  never  had  any  wish,  afterwards,  to  be 
left  alone  at  the  table."  He  served  in  the  Revolutionary  War. 
He  was  a  captain  of  militia,  a  justice  of  the  peace  and  an  inn- 
keeper. In  1805  there  was  built  an  inn  which  is  now  occupied  by 
Deacon  Arthur  Patterson  Ranney,  who  is  seen  sitting  on  the  ver- 
anda. About  the  year  1813  it  "became  the  property  of  Ephraim 
Ranney,  Jr.,  who  kept  a  store  as  well  as  an  inn  there. 

"  A  remnant  of  his  account  book  for  1815  shows  that  the  good 
people  of  the  parish  were  none  too  temperate.  The  following  is 
a  specimen  account,  '  Dr.  to  1  glass  toddy,  to  2  toddy,  to  3  toddys.' 


The  debtor  got  dnmk,  and  mistook  his  door,  and  fell  down  in  the 
pantry,  and  pulled  down  after  him  two  pans  of  milk,  and  a  pan 
of  lard  yet  warm  from  the  kettle.  He  was  now  ready  to  make  his 
mark  in  the  world.  It  was  training  day  and  he  was  too  noisy  and 
a  little  too  drunk  to  be  respectable.  The  captain,  Ephraim  Kan- 
ney,  Jr.,  his  neighbor  by  the  way,  undertook  to  get  him  out  of  the 
way.  Having  exhausted  his  patience  in  flattery,  and  ignorant  of 
the  condition  of  affairs  in  his  pantry,  he  came  to  a  close  hug  with 
the  tipsy  man,  and  by  a  hard  struggle  shut  him  up  in  the  barn, 
when,  lo  and  behold,  the  captain  found  his  buff  pants  and  vest 
unfit  for  a  captain  to  wear  during  the  parade  and  drill  'of  the 

The  original  Ephraim  Eanney  farm  is  now  the  home  of  his  de- 
scendant, Miss  Mary  Eanney  Cutting,  having  descended  by  in- 

Children  hy  1st  marriage: 

113  Ephraim,  b.  June  25,  1771. 

114  Lydia,  b.  Sept.  28,  1772,  d.  1858;  m.  Dea.  Ebenezer  Good- 


115  Eebecca,  b.  Dec.  27,  1777,  d.  1841;  m.  Gideon  Warner. 

116  Calvin,  b.  Nov.  5,  1784. 

Children  by  2d  marriage: 

117  Hiram,  b.  June  4,  1792. 

Peyton,  b.  Dec.  1,  1799 ;  d.  May  28,  1813. 

118  Grant  Willis,  b.  Mar.  23,  1804. 

Elijah'  Eanney  (Ephraim*,  Thomas%  Thomas-,  Thomas^), 

b.  Mar.  14,  1750-1;  m.  (1)  Nov. 

'  *  jf  /^AA^*^^  10,  1771,  Elizabeth  Eoot,  d.  Apr. 
Y  fi^^    ^^  //^     12,  1822,  aged  82;  m.   (2)   July 

/  2,     1822,     Tryphena    Hitchcock, 

widow  of  Heli  Hitchcock,  d.  Mar.  27,  1838.  He  rem.  with 
his  parents,  1761,  to  Westminster,  Vt.  In  1771  he  made  a  settle- 
ment in  the  south  part  of  Westrninster  West  on  the  farm  now 
owned  and  occupied  by  his  grandson,  Henry  Porteus  Eanney. 
Like  his  elder  brother,  he  was  tall  and  stalwart.  He  served  in 
the  Eev.  War  and  in  1783  was  a  member  of  the  Legislature. 
Prayer  meetings  were  held  and  sermons  read  for  years  before  a 
church  was  organized.  The  first  meeting  called  to  consult  for  the 
support  of  the  Gospel  among  themselves  was  held  Jan.  10,  1789, 
and  was  "called  by  Elijah  Eanney  on  petition  of  the  inhabitants 
of  the  parish."     It  was  voted  "  that  allowance  be  made  to  Ephraim 


Wilcox  for  money  he  had  paid  to  Mr.  Bullen  for  preaching, 
to  be  credited  to  him  on  the  collection  bill,  to  the  amount  of 
$11.00."  Ephraim  Wilcox,  his  mother's  brother,  had  gone  from 
East  Middletown.  Elijah  Eanney  was  the  first  deacon  in  West- 
minster West,  as  his  father  had  been  first  deacon  in  Westminster 
parish.  The  church  was  erected  in  1792.  "  It  was  a  high,  two- 
story  building  fronting  on  the  east;  a  front  door,  and  one  on  each 
side.  It  was  painted  white;  without  a  steeple  or  cupola  even; 
square  pews,  with  high  backs ;  gallery  on  three  sides,  filled  with 
young  folks  every  Sabbath,  closely  watched  by  a  man  appointed 
for  that  purpose;  a  moderately  high  pulpit,  a  deacons'  seat  in 
front  of  it,  occupied,  rain  or  shine,  every  Sabbath,  by  the  deacons." 
—  (Stevens'  History.) 

The  first  saw-mill  was  built  by  Deacon  Elijah.  He  d.  Apr.  29, 
1833,  aged  83. 

Children : 

119  Elijah,  b.  Sept.  15,  1773. 

120  Joseph,  b.  Dec.  25,  1779. 

121  Elizabeth,  b. , ;  m.  Levi  Harlow. 

Silence,  b. ,  ;  m.  Wainwright  Witt  and  rem. 

to  Elyria,  0. 

48  DanieP  Eanney  (Ephraim*,  Thomas^  Thomas^,  Thomas^), 
b.  Feb.  5,  1753,  Upper  Houses,  removed  1761  with  his  father  to 
Westminster,  Vt.;  m.  Oct.  27,  1779,  Chester,  Vt.,  Eunice  Gile, 
b.  Oct.  27,  1762,  Chester,  Vt;  d.  Mar.  21,  1852,  Stockbridge, 
Vt.  He  d.  Jan.  5,  1833,  and  is  buried  in  "Eanney  Cemetery," 
Stockbridge,  Vt.  Moses,  the  son  of  Daniel,  wrote  the  following, 
in  substance : 


"  Moses  lived  with  his  grandfather,  Ephraim,  till  thirteen  years 
of  age  and  then  returned  to  his 
father  who  had  removed  from  >^ 
Chester  to  Stockbridge,  Vt.  J^ C^n^vZ^ 
Daniel  was  a  recruiting  oflficer 
for  eighteen  months.  He  en- 
listed to  go  and  defend  Ticonderoga  but  this  place  was  captured 
before  his  arrival.  His  superior  officer  was  Capt.  Whitney  of  the 
militia  rangers,  which  company  disbanded  in  about  a  year  and  a 
half  after  its  organization.  Daniel  removed  to  Chester,  where 
Daniel,  Jr.,  and  Esther  were  born,  and  then  to  South  Hill,  Stock- 
bridge,  Vt.  Here  were  born  Lucinda,  Eoswell  and  Joel.  The  chief 
officer  of  the  regiment  to  which  Daniel  belonged  was  Col.  Townsend 


— Capt.  Whitney  was  from  Westminster  and  drew  a  pension  on 
the  testimony  of  Daniel. 

"  Daniel  was  an  orderly  sergeant  and  spent  three  days  in  the 
week  at  Westminster  drilling  the  soldiers.  He  was  at  the  battle 
of  Bennington  and  was  saved  from  being  taken  prisoner  by  Col. 
Ben.  Fellows.  At  Ticonderoga  Capt.  George  Earl  of  Chester  was 
his  Captain.  Daniel  was  afterwards  a  Lieut,  in  the  militia  when 
called  out,  but  drew  no  pension  because  he  had  some  property." 

Daniel  died  in  Stockbridge,  Yt. 

dhildren : 

122  Daniel,  b.  Apr.  14,  1781. 

123  Moses,  b.  Mar.  28,  1783. 
Eunice,  b.  Dec.  12,  1784. 

124  Mary,  b.  July  26,  1791;  m.  Jonathan  Holland. 

Esther,  b.  Dec.  30,  1793 ;  m.  Jan.  24,  1816,  Lester  Lincoln. 

Lucinda,  b.  May  8,  1799. 

Eoswell,  b.  June  10,  1801 ;  d.  Aug.  4,  1803. 

125  Joel,*b.  June  9,  1805. 

49     WaitstilP       Eanney       (Ephraim*,       Thomas^      Thomas^ 

Thomas^),  b.  Jan.  3,  1762,  West- 

/  ^     ,  ,  dau.  of  Eleazar 

Harlow  of  Taunton,  Mass.,  and  Ehoda  Alexander  of  Northfield, 
Mass.  He  rem.  to  Chester,  Vt.,  held  many  local  offices,  purchased 
a  tract  of  1,000  acres  3  miles  from  the  center,  mortgaged  it  and 
became  embarrassed.  When  the  elder  son  became  of  age  he  as- 
sumed the  farm  and  the  mortgage,  agreeing  to  support  through 
life  his  parents,  and  to  pay  his  brother,  Waitstill  Randolph,  then 
16  years  of  age,  one  thousand  dollars,  as  he  might  need,  if  he 
would  seek  a  learned  profession.  The  enterprise  failing,  the  elder 
son  removed  with  his  parents  to  Westport,  N.  Y.,  where  Waitstill 
died  July  3,  1839.     He  served  in  the  Rev.  War, 

In  a  letter  written  in  1879  by  a  grandson  is  this  description  of 
Waitstill  Ranney :  "  I  remember  but  little  of  him.  I  knew  him 
when  I  was  quite  small  and  remember  only  one  incident  about  him. 
That  has  been  fixed  in  my  mind.  He  visited  my  father  in  Towns- 
hend  when  it  was  customary  at  family  worship  to  stand  up  behind 
the  old  kitchen  chair  and  pray,  and  he,  being  addicted  to  tobacco 
chewing,  never  took  out  his  cud.  So  during  his  long  prayer  he 
had  to  stop  several  times  before  he  got  to  the  "  Jews  "  to  step  to 
the  old  fireplace  and  spit.     His  career  in  life  was  fraught  with 


hardship,  with  many  ups  and  downs,  and  yet  he  finally  died  at  a 
good  old  age.  The  features  of  his  good  wife  I  cannot  recall.  But 
I  remember  her  as  a  very  clever  old  lady  that  once  amused  us 
boys  by  saying  once  when  she  came  to  visit  us  that  she  '  came  in 
the  mail,'  meaning  stage." 

Eleazar  Harlow,  b.  Apr.  27,  1786;  d.  Apr.  5,  1862,  Westport. 
N".  Y.     Children:   Sarah,  Caroline,  Esther. 

126  Waitstill  Randolph,  b.  May  23,  1791. 

Abigail,  b.  Aug.  21,  1796;    d.  May  26,  1873;    m.  

Amarylla,  b.  ;    d.  Feb.  22,  1841;    m.  David 

Sophia,  b.  Oct.  1,  1797;    m.  Kellogg. 

50  Esther^  Ranney  (Ephraim*,  Thomas^  Thomas%  Thomas^), 
^^_^     b.  July  28,  1764,  Westminster,  Vt.; 

yt^^ytJy?^  ra.  Oct.  8,  1786,  Westminster,  Vt., 
<:t^rf<yL<z^  Seth  Arnold,  b.  Sept.  3,  1747,  Had- 
dam,  Ct.  She  d.  July  11,  1841; 
he  d.  July  6,  1849.  Seth  Arnold  was  a  descendant  of  Joseph 
Arnold,  one  of  the  Hartford  men  who  in  1662  settled  Haddam, 
Ct.  His  homestead  in  Haddam.  Ct.,  was  opposite  the  cemetery, 
and  he  owned  the  land  between  the  cemetery  and  the  Connecticut 
River,  and  it  is  now  the  property  of  Judge  E.  P.  Arnold.  Seth 
Arnold  had  a  hard  experience  in  the  Revolutionary  Army :  served 
three  years,  was  twice  taken  prisoner,  on  prison  ship  nine  months. 
In  1780  he  removed  to  Westminster.  His  pension  was  granted 
Mar.  4,  1831.  It  will  be  seen  that  he  lived  to  be  102  years  of  age. 
He  made  a  public  profession  of  religion  at  89,  and  dressed  himself 
the  day  he  died.    Her  autograph  of  1812  is  given  herewith. 

Children : 

127  Seth  Shailor,  b.  Eeb.  22,  1788. 

128  Ambrose  Tyler,  b.  Nov.  19,  1790. 

Esther,  b.  Sept.  3,  1792;    m.   (1)   John  F.  Hills;    m.   (2) 
Benjamin  Smith. 

129  Joel  Ranney,  b.  Apr.  25,  1794. 

Phebe,  b.  Jan.  29,  1798;   m.  Isaac  Holton. 
Olivia,  b.  Oct.  31,  1800;  d.  July  1,  1812. 
Abigail,  b.  Nov.  17,  1804;    d.  unm.,  1869. 

51  Janna'^  Ranney   (Ephraim*,  Thomas^  Thomas%  Thomas^), 
b.  June  11,  1766,  Westminster,  Yt.;   m.  June,  1789,  Westminster, 


Vt.,  Phebe  Phelps,  b.  July  25,  1768;  d.  Jan.  1,  1842.  His  whole 
life  was  passed  on  the  homestead  his  father  took  up  in  1761.  As 
he  d.  Aug.  18,  1794,  his  son's  signature  is  given  to  a  deed  of  set- 
tlement of  his  father's  estate  in  1812,  when  all  the  children  except 
two  signed  the  paper  from  which  the  autographs  are  taken. 

Children  : 
130     James,  b.  Apr.  20,  1790. 

Orange,  b.  Feb.  4,  1793;   d.  Sept.  9,  1823,  New  Orleans;   m. 

Elizabeth  E.  Jacobs. 
Janna,  b.  Aug.   18,   1794;    m.   Hannah  Latham.     He  left 
Dec.,  1818,  for  New  Orleans,  where  he  died.     Child: 
John  Latham,  b.  Aug.  5,  1817;    m.  1840,  Almeda  Dyer 
Phelps  in  Canada. 

52  JoeP  Eanney  (Ephraim*,  Thomas^  Thomas-,  Thomas^), 
^  y  ^/fy  b.  Mar.  2,  1768,  Westminster, 
o^>-«<r   ^;^<''^^,,-j,.v-v'T_j»^     Vt. ;    m.    Eebecca    Arnold,    b. 

/  '  y/^       1771;d.  Jan.  27,  1844.     He  d. 

^  ^  Mar.    25,    1840,    Westminster. 

They  adopted  Priscilla  Farnham,  who  m.  Joseph^  Eanney. 

53  Benjamin^      Eanney       (Ephraim*,      Thomas^,      Thomas^, 

Thomas^),  b.   Sept.   18,  1770, 

„,  ^r  y  Westminster,  Vt. ;  m.  June  26, 

V  V^-^t/.?*^*-**;..  /fYi...*^-^-^    1^^6,     Westminster,      Martha 

Gill,  b.  Mar.  1,  1768;  d.  Aug. 
15,  1844.     He  d.  May  8,  1824. 


Children  : 
Silence,  b.  May  26,  1797;  m.  Allen  Wells.     This  line  has  the 
family  Bible  of  Ephraim*. 
Ira  Allen,  b.  Mar.  28,  1799;    d.  July  17,  1843,  Plattsburg, 

N.  Y. 
Angeline,  b.  Feb.  13,  1801 ;   m.  Aaron  E.  Chase. 
Elmerina,  b.  Apr.  3,  1802 ;  d.  Jan.  29,  1804. 
Elmerina,  b.  Aug.  17,  1805;  m.  Nathaniel  Nutting. 
Agnes  Stella,  b.  Apr.  26,  1808;   d.  Feb.  26,  1896. 

54  James^  Eanney  (Willett*,  Willett^  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b. 
Feb.  27,  1757,  Upper  Houses,  followed  his  father  to  Mass.,  Le- 
banon, N.  Y.,  and  to  Fort  Stanwix;  m.  ;  rem.,  1806, 

to  Adams,  N.  Y.         He  died  about  1822,  at  the  residence  of  his 


brother  Willett,  leaving  Benjamin,  Marinus,  Gibbs,  Orrin,  Mary 
and  Martha,  most  of  whom,  it  is  said,  rem.  to  Canada. 

55  Seth=  Eanney  (Willett*,  Willett^  Thomas",  Thomas^), 
b.  Jan.  21,  1761,  Upper  Houses,  rem.  with  his  father,  1776,  to 
Sandisfield,  Mass.,  thence  to  New  Lebanon,  N.  Y.,  and  by  1786-7 
was  at  Fort  Stanwix,  now  Rome,  N.  Y.  He  must  have  married 
before  then  Eleanor  Matthews  who  d.  Mar.  12,  1813,  aged  50 
years.  He  erected  the  first  two-story  frame  house  in  Rome,  and 
in  1792  it  was  used  as  a  tavern  by  John  Barnard,  and  in  1793 
the  first  store  was  opened  in  it.  In  this  year  he  was  one  of  the 
15  charter  members  of  a  Masonic  lodge  organized  and  located  in 
the  township  of  Paris — the  first  lodge  in  central  JSTew  York.  He 
was  known  as  "  Capt."  Seth  Eanney,  having  served  in  the  War  of 
1812.  He  resided  a  few  years  in  Canada,  returned  to  Ogdensburg, 
and  had  a  farm  on  the  St.  Lawrence  and  kept  a  hotel. 

Children : 

George,  b.  1780;  m.  3  times;  no  children;  d.  May  27,  1860. 

Lois,  b.  ;  m.  Sylvester  Gilbert  of  Ogdensburg.     Child: 

Wm.  W.  Gilbert. 

Betsy,  b.  ;  m.  James  Chambers;  rem.  to  North  Caro- 

Belinda,  b.  Dec.  6,  1791;  m.  Henry  Lum;  9  children. 

Clarissa,  b. ;  m.  (1)  David  Lum,  (2)  Josiah  Perry. 

56  Sarah^  Ranney  (Willett*,  Willett^  Thomas^,  Thomas^), 
b.  Jan.  2,  1763,  Upper  Houses;  m.  David  I.  Andrus.  The  Rev. 
Samuel  Eells,  referred  to  in  the  appended  sketch  taken  from  the 
Jefferson  County  Journal  of  Sept.  6,  1898,  was  born  in  Upper 
Houses.      (See  the  Eells  family  chapter.) 

David  Ira  Andrus  was  born  in  1766  in  the  state  of  Conn.,  the 
family  of  English  descent.  He  enlisted  as  a  soldier  in  the  Revo- 
lutionary War,  January  1,  1781,  to  serve  as  a  fifer  in  the  6th 
Company,  4th  Conn,  Regiment,  commanded  by  Col.  Zebulon  But- 
ler; was  transferred  to  Captain  Robertson's  company,  2d  Conn. 
Regiment,  commanded  by  Col.  Heman  Swift,  November  1,  1782; 
served  as  private  March  1,  1783,  and  his  name  appears  on  the 
rolls  to  May  26,  1783.  Mr.  Andrus  about  the  year  1789  went  to 
what  now  comprises  Oneida  county,  N.  Y.,  to  make  his  home,  his 
outfit  for  commencing  life  in  the  new  country  being  an  ax  he 
carried    with   him.     About   this    time   he   was   married    to    Sally 


Ranney,  also  of  a  Connecticut  family.     Eight  children  were  born 
to   them:   George,   Lydia,   Fanny,   Almira,   Chauncey,   Ira,    Sally 
and  Samuel.     Samuel  died  at  the  age  of  14  years.     A  baptismal 
certificate   given   by   Rev.    Samuel    Eells,   pastor    of   the    Second 
Church  of  Christ  in  Branford,  Conn.,  dated  at  Steuben,  N.  Y., 
Sept.  9th,  1793,  reads :  "  These  certify  that  David  Andrews  [ An- 
drus]    and  Sally,  his  wife,  entered  into  covenant  with  God  and 
took  their  baptismal  obligations  upon  themselves,  and  had  their 
children  baptized  by  the  names  of   George,  Lydia  and   Fanny." 
In  1790  Mr.  Andrus  leased  and  lived  on  a  farm  of  138  acres  in 
Wright  Settlement,  near  Rome,  and  in  1804  carried  on  a  meat 
shop  in  what  was  then  Rome  village.     He  visited  this  section  at 
an  early  day  in  company  with  Daniel  Fox  who  settled  in  the  town 
of  Adams  about  1800,  and  died  in  1873  at  the  age  of  103  years. 
Mr.  Andrus  in  1799  was  a  charter  member  of  Roman  Lodge,  F. 
A.  M.,  Rome,  N.  Y.     He  removed  about   1805  to  the  town  of 
Ellisburg  and  acted  as  agent  for  Col.  Samuel  Wardwell,  of  Rhode 
Island,  who  had  a  large  landed  estate  here.     He  made  improve- 
ments at  Wardwell  Settlement,  where  he  settled,  and  soon  after 
commenced  improvements  at  Andrus  Settlement,  to  which  James 
Constable  in  his  journal  of   August  8,   1806,  refers.     Improve- 
ments  at   Little   Sandy    (Mannsville)    were   commenced   by   him 
as   early   as   1811,   the   first   saw   mill   and   first   dwelling  having 
been  built  by  him.     His  business  interests  at  Andrus  Settlement 
w€re  extensive.     He  built  the  large  Andrus  hotel  about  1812,  a 
two  and  one-half  story  wood  structure,  which  was   destroyed  by 
fire  in  1890.     Mr.  Andrus  was  the  proprietor  many  years  and  the 
hotel  was  a  favorite  stopping  place  with  the  public,  the  stage  line 
making  a  change  of  horses  there,  and  in  the  thriving  hamlet  the 
hotel  was  the  center  of  much  activity.     He  also  built  a  saw  mill 
and  grist  mill,   distillery,   ashery   and  blacksmith   shop,   carrying 
on  the   several   branches   of  business  '  and   employing  many  men. 
His  farm  of  400  acres  furnished  clay  of  a  superior  quality  for  a 
brick  yard  which  was  in  use  before  the  hotel  was  finished.     In 
company  with  his  oldest  son.  George,  he  was  in  the  mercantile 
business  as  early  as  1810 ;  built  the  brick  store  on  corner  in  1825, 
which  was  taken  down  about  1855.     About  the  year  1812  he  built 
the  army  barracks  at  Sackett's  Harbor,  and  in  1817  the  Jefferson 
County  bank  building  at  Adams,  he  being  one  of  the  directors  of 
the  bank.     He   was   elected   Member   of   Assembly  in   1809   and 
,1812,  and  sheriff  of  the  county  in  1812-1813,  and  again   1815- 
'  1818.     His  first  wife  died  July  22,  1818,  at  the  age  of  55  years. 
His  youngest  child,  Mary  Jane,  was  born  after  his  marriage  to 
Mrs.  Esther  Hinman.     Mr.  Andrus  died  August  21,  1831,  after 


a  few  days'  illness,  at  the  age  of  65  years.     She  died  July  22, 
1818,  EUisburg,  Jefferson  County. 

Had  eight  children. 

Clvldreii  : 
130a  George,  the  oldest,  b.  Oct.  11,  1789,  N.  Y. 

57  SybiP  Eanney  (Willett*,  Willett%  Thomas%  Thomas^), 
b.  Jan.  7,  1765,  Upper  Houses;  m.  (1)  Eichard  Willis  of  Welsh 
descent,  b.  1760,  Pennsylvania,  d.  1807,  Eome,  N.  Y.;  m.  (2) 
Joseph  White,  b.  Jan.  16,  1761,  Upper  Houses,  who  with  his 
father,  Capt.  Hugh  White,  had  settled  Whitestown,  N.  Y.  (See 
the  White  family  chapter.)  He  d.  June  17,  1827.  She  d.  1833, 
Adams,  N.  Y.,  at  the  home  of  her  son  Willett  Eanney  Willis. 

Children : 

Catherine,   b.   . 

130b  Delia  Ann,  b.  1793 ;  m.  Wm.  Hart  of  Adams. 
131     Willett  Eanney,  b.  Feb.  22,  1799. 

Sybil  Jane,  b.  . 

Henry,  b.   ;   m.   .     Daughter   is   Mrs.    (Dr.) 

Annie  Watson,  Lexington,  Mississippi. 

58  Willett^  Eanney  (Willett*,  Willett^  Thomas^,  Thomas^), 
bapt.  Aug.  6,  1769,  with  Benjamin,  a  twin,  Upper  Houses, 
was  7  years  of  age  when  his  father  rem.  to  Sandisfield,  Mass. 
He  m.  Oct.,  1799,  Eome,  N".  Y.,  Betsey  Bobbins,  dau.  of  John 
Bobbins,  who  came  from  Bennington,  Vt.,  in  1790.  In  June, 
1790,  he  leased  of  Gov.  Clinton  the  100  acres  in  "Wright's 
Settlement,"  adjoining  the  100  acres  his  brother  Seth  had  leased 
the  previous  year,  and  which  was  long  known  as  the  "Eanney 
Place."  He  was  to  pay  one  peppercorn  each  year,  if  lawfully 
demanded,  for  four  years,  and  after  that  18  bushels  of  good 
winter  wheat,  on  May  'l  of  each  year,  in  the  city  of  Albany.  This 
lease  in  1878  was  in  the  possession  of  his  son  Lester.  He  sub- 
let the  lease  in  1795  to  Cornelius  Van  Warner,  and  in  1796  leased 
a  50-acre  tract  of  Moses  Wright,  while  Butler  Eanney  leased  the 
adjoining  tract.  In  1801  both  Eanneys  sold  out.  He  then  rem. 
to  Saratoga  County,  as  the  Bible  record  is  that  Anson  was  born  in 
the  town  of  Milton  in  that  county.  About  1810  he  went  to  Taberg, 
and  after  a  year  settled  in  Smithville,  near  Adams.  His  aged 
parents  went  with  him. 

When  news  came  that  the  British  had  attacked  Sackett's  Har- 
bor the  militia  were  ordered  out  and  Willett  Eanney,  Jr.,  mounted 


a  horse  to  go  to  the  defense  of  his  country.  The  old  man,  in- 
spired by  a  love  of  country  yet  burning  in  his  bosom,  and 'recall- 
ing his  own  experience  in  the  Eevolutionary  army,  said  to  his 
son :  "  Get  off  that  horse  and  let  me  go."  The  son  obeyed  and 
Willett  Eanney,  Sr.,  over  80  years  of  age,  mounted  the  horse  and 
went  as  a  volunteer.  In  a  few  years,  1818,  the  patriot  was  laid 
in  the  grave  and  tTie  widow  about  1821  followed. 

In  1826  Willett  Eanney,  no  longer  known  as  Jr.,  bought  a 
farm  in  Eedfield,  and  resided  on  it  till  1831,  when  he  went  back 
to  the  homestead  at  Smithville,  and  on  which  he  resided  till  his 
death  in  1865  at  the  age  of  96  years,  at  the  home  of  his  son 

Children : 

132  Anson  b.  Aug.  5,  1802. 

133  John,  b.  Jan.  16,  1803. 
Lucy,  b.   1804;  d.  young. 

134  Sophronia,  b.  ,  1807;  m.  Eeuben  Drake. 

135  Mary,  b.  ,  1809;  m.  Volney  Chamberlain. 

136  Jeanette,  b.  ,  1812;  m.  Dr.  Sheldon  Brooks. 

137  Orville  Willett,  b.  1814. 

137a  Lester,  b.  Sept.  29,  1815. 

59  Persis'  Eanney  (Willett*,  Willett^  Thomas-,  Thomas^), 
bapt.  April  2,  1773,  Upper  Houses;  m.  abt.  1800,  Eome,  N.  Y., 
Samuel  Jarvis,  b.  Sept.  16,  1768,  ISTorwalk,  Ct.,  son  of  Nathan 
Jarvis  and  Ann  Kellogg.  Nathan  Jarvis,  b.  Feb,  2,  1737,  d. 
Apr.  15,  1820,  was  the  next  older  to  Abraham  Jarvis,  b.  May  3, 
1739,  d.  May  13,  1813,  Episcopal  Bishop  of  Connecticut.  Sam- 
uel Jarvis,  member  of  Masonic  lodge,  resided  in  Camden,  N.  Y., 
until  after  the  birth  of  Angeline,  when  he  rem.  to  Norwalk,  Ct. 
Later  he  ret.  to  N.  Y.  State  and  d.  Jan.  10,  1853,  Theresa,  N.  Y. 
The  widow  d.  there  Dec.  3,  1866. 

Children  : 

Julia  Ann,  b.  ,  1800 ;  d.  young. 

Hannah,   b.   ,    1802;   d.    Mar.    27,    1855;   m.    Dr.    Ira 


Willett  Eanney,  b.  ,  1803 ;  rem.  to  Pittsville,  Wis. 

Ann  Eliza,  b.  ,   1804;   d.   May  27,   1902;  m.   Dudley 

Mary,  b.   Sept.   13,   1806;  d.   Sept.   17,   1841;  m.   Geo.   M. 
Foster.     Child:  Sarah  Conant,  b.  Dec.  14,  1832;  m.  1871, 
Dr.  L.  Hannahs  as  his  2d  wife.   Widow  res.  Theresa,  N.  Y. 


Angeline,  b.  ,  — ,  1808;  d.  Mar.  13,  1866;  in.  Reuben 

Augusta,  b.  ,  — ,  1811;  d.  Apr.  — ,  1887;  m.  Harrison 

Harriet  Amelia,  b.  ,  — ,  1818;  d.  Aug.  27,  1870;  m. 

1843,  Dr.  L.  Hannahs.     He  m.   (2)   Oct.  4,  1871,  Sarah 

Conant  Foster.     Supra. 

60     Butler^    Ranney    (Willett*,   Willett^    Thomas^    Thomas^), 

b.  ,  — ,  1780,  probably  New  Lebanon,  N.  Y.,  rem.  as  a  child 

with  his  father  to  Fort  Stanwix,  now  Rome.  In  1803  he  m.  Orva 
Heth  or  Heath,  and  moved,  1808,  to  Redfield,  Oswego  County. 
Later  he  moved  into  Jefferson  County,  where  other  brothers  re- 
sided. In  the  war  of  1812  he  kept  a  public  house  in  Adams  and 
later  moved  to  Watertown,  where  he  resided  in  1818,  in  Sept.  of 
which  year  the  first  Jefferson  County  Fair  and  Cattle  Show  was 
held  in  Watertown.  The  officers  and  guests  of  the  Society  took 
dinner  at  his'  house,  where  extensive  preparations  had  been  made 
for  their  entertainment.  Among  the  distinguished  guests  pres- 
ent were  Gov.  DeWitt  Clinton,  Gen.  Stephen  Van  Rensselaer, 
and  James  LeRoy  Di  Chaumont,  president  of  the  Society.  Among 
the  features  of  this  fair  Noadiah  Hubbard,  a  native  of  Middle- 
town,  Ct.,  with  Col.  Harris,  exhibited  a  cart  drawn  by  15  yoke  of 
very  fine  fat  cattle,  the  product  of  their  farms.  Butler  Ranney 
was  a  universal  favorite.     He  d.  Feb.  — ,  1854,  Watertown. 


Zanana,  b. , ;  m.  David  L.  Seymour. 

Minerva,  b. , ;  m.  James  V.  Hickey. 

138     Norman,  b. ,  •  _     ^ 

Cornelia  C,  b. ,  1812;  d.  Oct.  14,  1892;  m.  Sept. 

1841,  John   Clarke,  an  eminent  lawyer  of  Watertown. 

C^ll  tl (iTBTi  ' 

Cornelia  S.',  b.  ;  m.  1871,  Fred^  Seymour; 

Helen  Minerva;    d.  infant. 
Delia  Ann,  b.  ;  m.  David  L.  Seymour  supra.     Chil- 
dren'    Allan  McCutcheon,  Frederick,  Thomas  N.,  John 
C,  Harriet  Allan,  b. ,  ;  m.  Eugene  Robin- 

61  George"*  Ranney  (George*,  George^  Thomas^,  Thomas^), 
b  June  9,  1746-7,  East  Middletown,  Conn.;  m.  (1)  Jan.  21,  1771, 
East  Middletown,  Conn.,  Esther  Hall,  bapt.  Jan.  9,  1J51;  d  Mar. 
3,  1807,  dau.  of  Capt.  Samuel  Hall;  (2)  Aug.  8,  1809,  Ashfield, 


Mass.,  Alithea,  widow  of  Oliver  Patch.  She  died  Aug.  6,  1827, 
aged  76.  He  died  Jan.  14,  1822,  Ashfield,  Mass.  (See  the  Hall 

In  early  life  he  was  in  the  West  India  trade.  Eem.,  1780,  to 
Ashfield,  Mass.,  and  purchased  from  Lamberton  Allen  a  lOO-acre 
farm,  most  of  which  was  a  forest,  and  built  a  log  house.  He  was 
a  man  of  industry  and  perseverence.  With  the  help  of  his  strong 
boys  he  accomplished  the  task  and  brought  up  a  large  family. 
In  1798  he  erected  a  two-story  house  on  the  new  road  to  the 
Plain  village,  seen  herein.  For  40  years  he  was  identified  with 
the  growth  and  prosperity  of  the  town.  He  was  a  member  of  the 
Cong.  ch. 

Children : 

139  Samuel  Hall,  b.  Mar.  6,  1772. 

Sarah,  b.  Dec.  20,  1773;  d.  Feb.  11,  1774. 

140  Jesse,  b.  Oct.  13,  1775. 

141  Joseph,  b.  July,  1777. 

Hannah,  b.  Oct.  3,  1781;  m.  Dec.  4,  1800,  Abiathar  Philips; 
12  children;  d.  July  28,  1857. 

142  Esther,  b.  Mar.  5,  1784;  m.  (1)  May  3,  1804,  Benj.  Jones, 

who  d.  Sept.  20,  1804;  m.  (2)  Forest  Jepson.     He  d.  Sept. 
20,  1844.     She  d.  Aug.  23,  1862. 
Anna,  b.  June  20,  1786;    m.  Nov.  27,  1806,  James  McFar- 
land;  4  children. 

143  George,  b.  May  12,  1780. 

62  Thomas^  Eanney  (George*,  George^  Thomas^,  Thomas^), 
b.  July  6,  1749,  East  Middletown;  m.  May  28,  1778,  Chatham, 
Conn.,  Mary  (Johnson)  Mighelles,  widow  of  John  Mighelles, 
who  died  of  smallpox,  Feb.  7,  1776.  Eem.  abt.  1792  to  Ashfield, 
Mass.,  where  he  died  Apr.  20,  1823.  She  died  Oct.  5,  1819, 
72  years  old.  She  was  the  daughter  of  Thomas  Johnson  of  Upper 
Houses.     (See  Johnson  Lineage.) 

Children : 

Persis,  b. ,  ;  m.  Feb.  1,  1801,  Moses  Bartlett. 

Catherine,  b. , ;  m.  Jan.  1,  1799,  Wm.  Belding. 

144  Eoswell,  b.  Nov.  22,  1782. 

145  William,  b.  June  30,  1785. 

63  Francis'^  Eanney  (George*,  George',  Thomas^,  Thomas^), 
b.  Apr.  19,  1753,  East  Middletown,  Conn.;  m.  Feb.  16,  1773, 
Eachel  Hall,  b.  July  29,  1753,  Chatham,  Ct.,  dau.  of  Capt.  Sam- 
uel Hall.     Eem.  1786,  to  Ashfield,  Mass.,  where  he  died  Apr.  7, 


1804,  It  is  tradition  that  he  was  a  Rev.  soldier.  (See  the  Hall 
Family.)     She  d. ,  1827. 

Sally,  b. , ;  m.  Samuel  Phillips,  Esq. 

146  Giles,  b.  Aug.  17,  1773. 

147  Daniel,  b. ,  1776. 

Betsey,  b. ,  ;  m.  Feb.  17,  1802. 

Ruth,  b. ,  ;  m.  Josiah  Wells. 

147a  Luther,  b.  Sept.  6,  1785. 

Rachel,  b. ,  ;  m.  Eastman. 

Lucy,  b. ,  ;  m.  Enos  Bush. 

64  Mary=  Ranney  (George*,  George^,  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b. 
June  22,  1757;  d.  Aug.  17,  1841;  m.  July  1,  1779,  E.  Middle- 
town,  NathanieP  Bosworth,  b.  Apr.  12,  1753,  Warren,  R.  I.;  d. 
Mar.  12,  1844,  Berlin,  Vt.,  son  of  Jonathan'  Bosworth  and  Mary 
Humphrey,  who  were  m.  Mar.  19,  1748.  Nathaniel  was  the  sec- 
ond of  nine  children. 


148  Jonathan,  b.  Jan.  21,  1787. 

[Bosworth  Lineage — Edward^  and  Mary  Bosworth  came  in  the 
ship  Elizaheth  in  1634.     Five  children. 

NathanieP  Bosworth,  b.  1617,  England;  m.  Bridget  Lobdell, 
widow  of  Nicholas.    Had  nine  children. 

John^  Bosworth,  b.  1656;  m.  ,  Sarah  . 

Had  eight  children. 

Edward*  Bosworth,  b.  1689 ;  m. ,  Mehitable  . 

Had  ten  children. 

Jonathan'  Bosworth,  b.  Sept.  1,  1727. 

Nathaniel"  Bosworth  served  in  the  Revolutionary  army.  Was 
taken  prisoner  on  Delaware  River.  Believing  they  were  being 
poisoned  several  slipped  down  the  cables  and  swam  three  miles  be- 
fore landing.  They  were  given  a  breakfast  by  the  widow  of  a 
soldier  who  had  been  killed  in  battle.  After  some  days  they  reached 
camp.  After  his  marriage  he  rem.  to  Lebanon,  N.  H.,  and  again 
enlisted  and  experienced  the  smallpox.  In  1795  he  settled  in 
Berlin,  Vt.,  as  a  blacksmith.] 

64a  Jonathan'  Ranney  (George*,  George^  ThomasS 
Thomas^),    b.    Sept.    3,    1765,    East    Middletown;    m.    Feb.    26, 

1786,   Sarah  Parsons,  b. ,  ;  d.  Feb.  3,   1853,  aged 

87  years.     He  was  one  of  the  original  members  of  the  Episco- 


pal  Parish  organized  Sept.  24,  1788,  in  what  was  then  Chatham, 
now  Portland,  Ct.  He  inherited  the  (Hale)  homestead,  the 
other  brothers  having  gone  to  Ashfield,  Mass.  He  d.  of  consump- 
tion, Dec.  27,  1832. 


149  Orrin,  bapt.  June  24,  1789. 

Nancy,  bapt.  June  24,  1789;  d.  Nov.  29,  1814. 

150  Eeuben,  b.  Feb.  19,  1789. 

Lucretia,  bapt.   Sept.  8,   1793;  m.  Mar.  24,   1825,  Lyman 

Rose  of  Granville,  Mass. 
George,  bapt.  July  15,  1798. 
Hannah,  bapt.  Oct.  6,  1801. 
Harriet,  bapt.  Oct.  6,   1801;  d.  June  9,  1870;  m.  Russell 

Bell;  3  daus.,  2  sons. 
Jonathan,  b. , . 


65  Comfort^     Ranney      (Nathaniel*,      NathanieP,     Thomas^ 

Thomas^),    b.    Dec.    19, 
1759,  Upper  Houses;  m. 

*=*^-^#-x-c^ — J     ,     Kuth 

^  /  ^^  Treat.     (See  Treat  fam- 

/  ^       ily  chapter.)    There  is  no 

record  of  his  marriage,  nor  of  the  birth  of  his  two  sons.  He  served 
in  the  Rev,  army.  His  home  was  beyond  that  of  his  father's,  and  he 
built  a  house  on  his  father's  land.  A  plot  of  this  property  made 
at  the  time  of  his  father's  death  shows  the  location  of  the  house. 
The  Baptist  church  was  organized  in  his  house,  Feb.  6,  1802, 
and  he  was  an  original  member.  He  purchased  of  the  other 
heirs  their  shares  in  their  father's  homestead,  then  sold  out  and 
in  1808  or  1809  started  for  the  Western  Reserve  of  Ohio,  where 
he  had  made  purchase  of  a  homestead.  He  d.  in  Buffalo,  enroute 
for  Ohio.  The  widow  m.  (2)  in  Stow,  0.,  Feb.  22,  1810,  Phineas 
Perkins  and  d.  before  1812. 

Children : 
151     Comfort,  b.  Mar.  20,  1788. 

Jacob,  b. ,  ;  d.^ ,  1810,  Cleveland,  0., 

of  consumption,  and  was  buried  in  Erie  Street  Cemetery. 

66  William'^  Ranney  (John*,  John^  John^,  Thomas^),  bapt. 
Sept.  14,  1756,  East  Middletown;  m.  Sept.  26,  1779,  Woodstock, 
Ct.,  Abigail  Bacon.  He  served  in  1775  from  Woodstock  in  the 
"Lexington  Alarm,"  and  later  from  Chatham,  his  home.  There 
is  no  further  record  of  him. 


152     George,  b.  Aug.  5,  1784. 

67  David**    Eanney    (Jeremiah*,   Eichard^,   John-,    Thomas^), 

b.  Dee.  1,  1754,  East  Middletown;  m. ,   1783,  Priscilla 

Kathbun,  who  d.  Nov.  27,  1829,  aged  73. 

From  Chatham  Land  Eecords,  Vol.  2,  page  252,  recorded  June 

4,   1782: 

"  The  Bearer,  David  Eanney,  soldier  of  the  1st  Connecticut 
Eegt.,  having  faithfully  and  honorably  served  in  the  Eegt.  three 
years  the  Term  of  his  inlistment  &  for  the  last  year  has  been 
in  Virginia  with  the  Marquis  de  la  Fayette  &  at  the  Taking  of 
Lord  Cornwallis  &  his  time  having  expired  two  weeks  before  his 
return  is  hearby  Honorably  discharged. 

"  Given  under  my  Hand  this  4th  day  of  December,  1781. 

Thos.  Grosvenor,  Lieut.  Coll. 
of  the  1st  Eegt. 

In  1801  he  was  pensioned  at  $60  a  year.  Died  Apr.  1,  1813. 
Inventory  included: 

One    Bible 60 

Shoemaker's    tools 5.00 

Pewter  cups  &  plates 1.76 

1-4  of  7  A  of  land 18.00 

1-2   of  D.   H 75.00 

Children : 

Huldah,  d.  infant. 

David,  bapt.  July  1,  1798;  m.  Oct.  28,  1819,  Susan  Handy. 
Children:  David  Handy,  Daniel,  Huldah,  Susan.  Sup- 
posed to  have  rem.  to  Ohio. 

68  Jeremiah^    Eanney    (Elijah*,    Eichard^,    John-,    Thomas^), 

b.  May  5,  1769,  Granville,  Mass. ;  m.  Alice  .     Eem.  to 

Waterville,  N.  Y.  First  to  sign  covenant  at  organization  of  Bap- 
tist ch.  Apr.  14,  1798,  and  the  first  deacon.  He  d.  Sept.  23,  1835; 
she  d.  Nov.  18,  1833.  His  mother  resided  with  him  and  died 
there.     She  has  tombstone  there. 


Jeremiah,  b. ,  1802 ;  d.  Mar.  22,  1818. 

Asenath,  b. ,  1807 ;  d.  Sept.  4,  1825. 



Nancy,  b. ,  1809 ;  d. ,  1811. 

Silas,  b. ,  .     Kern,  to  California. 

68a  Ebenezer^  Eanney  (Elijah*,  Richard^  John-,  Thomas^),  b. 
May  25,  1776,  Blandford,  Mass.;  m.  Feb.  23,  1800,  Almeda  Bar- 
tholomew, b.  July  26,  1781,  Goshen,  Conn.,  dau.  of  Oliver 
Bartholomew  and  Anna  Lacy.  At  age  of  21  he  rem.  to  Water- 
ville,  N.  Y.,  the  home  of  his  brother  Jeremiah,  thence  to  Augusta, 
N.  Y.,  where  he  cleared  an  extensive  tract  of  land,  making  potash 
of  the  ashes.  In  1832  rem.  to  Valley  Mills  where  he  purchased  a 
saw  mill  and  erected  a  woolen  mill,  and  d.  there  Apr.  12,  1860. 
In  early  life  he  became  a  Baptist  and  organized  a  society  in  Au- 
gusta; at  his  own  expense  rebuilt  the  mission  church  at  Valley 
Mills  and  preached  in  it  many  years.  Said  to  have  served  at 
Sackett's  Harbor  in  war  of  1812;  wife  resided  at  Watertown, 
N.  Y.,  at  time  of  marriage,  and  d.  June  19,  1868. 

Children  : 

153  Ores,  b.  May  26,  1801. 

Dorcas,  b.  Nov.  28,  1803;  m.  Zacharias  Lewis.     Children: 
John,  Franklin,  Eugene,  d.  Feb.  20,  1875. 

154  Hiram,  b.  Nov.  23,  1805. 

Ebenezer,  b.  Apr.  3,  1809;  m.  Betsy  Calkins  and  died  July 
5,  1868. 

155  Anson  L.,  b.  June  21,  1811. 

156  Oliver  Eussell,  b.  Jan.  6,  1816. 

157  Almeda  Pamelia,  b.  Mar.  27,  1820;  m.  Wm.  W.  Bingham. 

69  Eufus'^  Eanney  (Elijah\  Eichard^,  John^,  Thomas^),  b. 
1779,  Blandford,  Mass.;  m.  Dolly  D.  Blair,  b.  1780,  Blandford, 
Mass.  Ees.  on  old  farm  till  1824.  when  he  rem.  to  Freedom,  Ohio., 
where  he  cleared  four  acres,  built  a  cabin,  and  for  a  year  they 
lived  on  the  game  killed.  He  d.  Oct.  29,  1849,  at  Freedom,  Port- 
age Co.,  0.    She  d.  Dec.  7,  1848. 

Children : 

158  Elijah  Warren,  b.  1802. 

William  Milton,  b.  Sept.  16,  1807;  d.  May  16.  1828,  unm. 

159  Eufus  Percival,  b  Oct.  30.  1813. 

160  John  Lewis,  b.  Nov.  14,  1815. 

Harriet  E.,  b. , ;  m.  Wm.  E.  Sherwood. 

Nancy  C,  b.  June  20,  1820;  m.  Marshall  Mills;  d.  July  31, 
1849.     Four  children. 


Mary  L.,  b.  May  24,  1825;  d.  July  17,  1900;  m.  Milton 

Dolly  S.,  b.  1827;  d.  Sept.  8,  1857;  m. Scott. 

70  Stephen^  Ranney  (Stephen*.  Eichard%  John^,  Thomas^), 
bapt.  Dec.  4,  1763,  East  Middletown;  m.  Jan.  15,  1789,  Persis 
Crossley  who  d.  Jan.  25,  1854,  aged  85.  He  was  a  blacksmith. 
House  in  Portland  is  in  good  condition.     Died  June  7,  1840. 

Children  : 
Julia,  b.  Apr.  11,  1790;  d.  Jan.  20,  1828. 
John,  b.  Apr.  13,  1792;  d.  Feb.  23,  1814. 
Persis,  b.  June  4,  1795 ;  m.  Mar.  21,  1813,  Joseph  Cole.     She 

d.  Nov.  23,  1862.     He  d.  Dec.  18,  1867. 
Prudence,  b.  Nov.  27,  1797;  m.  Jan.  23,  1821,  Gustave  Field 

of  Southold  N.  J.     She  d.  Mar.  27,  1877,  in  Portland, 

Stephen,  b.  Sept.  2,  1800 ;  d.  Sept.  5,  1814. 
William  Crossley,  b.  June  27,  1803;  m.  Vienna  Ames.     He 

d.  Apr.  14,  1879.     She  d.  Apr.  27,  1891.     Son  William 

b.  1846 ;  d.  Dec.  2,  1871,  unm. 
Mary,  b.  Jan.  19,  1806;  m.  Mar.  3,  1828,  Wm.  C.  Lewis. 

She  d.  Jan.  23,  1876.     He  d.  Sept.  25,  1875. 
Emily  Stocking,  b.  Feb.  14,  1809 ;  m.  Nov.  26,  1830,  Alan- 
son  Strickland.     She  d.  Feb.  10,  1894.     He  d.  July  31, 

Elizabeth  Ann,  b.  Jan.   15,  1812;  m.  Oct.  23,  1832,  Geo. 

Strickland.     She  d.  Jan.  24,  1871.     He  d.  Aug.  11,  1878. 

71  JoeP  Eanney  (Stephen*,  Richard^,  John-,  Thomas^),  bapt. 
Oct.  29,  1775,  Chatham,  Ct.;  m.  Polly  Buck,  bapt.  Mar.  17,  1778, 
Glastonbury,  Ct.,  dau.  of  Samuel  Buck  and  Hannah  Wright.  The 
land  records  name  his  purchases  and  sales  of  real  estate.  In  1818 
he  and  his  son  Joel  were  recorded  as  members  of  the  Episcopal 
Society  of  Chatham,  now  Portland,  Ct.  In  1817  he  went  to  Plain 
Township,  Franklin  Co.,  0.     (See  Appendix.) 

161     Joel,  b.  Sept.  10,  1802. 

72  Hannah'^  Ranney  (Abner*,  Richard^,  John^,  Thomas*),  b. 
Apr.  9,  1779,  Blandford,  Mass.;  d.  Oct.  11,  1860,  Vernon,  N.  Y.; 
m.  (1)  July  1,  1800,  Henry  Knox,  b.  Feb.  19,  1775;  d.  July  4, 
1820,  Augusta,  N.  Y.;  m.  (2)  Joel  Baker. 

Rev.  Dakwix  Harlow  Raxxey 
■     (See  page   330) 

Mks.  Abb  IE  De  Ette    (Uaxxey^ 

(See   page   SeT) 

John  Henry  Richardson  and  Wife 
(See  page   432) 

Abnee  Ranney 
(See  page  215) 

Lyman  Wells  Ranney 

(See   page   275) 

Cassius   Wells   Ranney 
(See  page  373) 

Robert  Benton  Ranney 

(See  page  374) 


Children : 
Betsey,  b.  Mar.  18,  1801;  d.  1891;  m.  E.  B.  Carrington. 
Henry,  b.  June  21,  1802;  d.  Oct.  22,  1883;  m.  Jane  Davis. 

162  Alanson  Eanney,  b.  Aug.  7,  1804. 

Marshall,  b.  Apr.  9,  1806;  d.  June  9,  1888;  m.  EHza  Per- 

Lovisa,  b.  Oct.  27,  1808. 
Eachel  Melissa,  b.  June  21,  1811;  d.  Apr.  3,  1872;  m.  (1) 

Jacob  Becker;  (2)  John  Lyman  Jacobs. 
Sarah  A.,  b.  May  14,  1816. 
Nancy  Emeline,  b.  Apr.  10,  1819 ;  d.  Mar.  8,  1849 ;  m.  Dec, 

1838,  Samuel  Coe  EUingwood. 

73  Lovisa^  Eanney  (Abner*,  Eichard%  John-,  Thomas^),  b. 
Nov.  18,  1780,  Blandford,  Mass.;  m.  abt.  1802,  Samuel  Allen,  b. 
May  20,  1776;  d.  Aug.  2,  1847,  Augusta,  N.  Y.  She  d.  June  7, 
1870,  Augusta,  N.  Y. 

162a  Samuel,   b.    Aug.    3,    1807;    m.    Almira    Hurd.     Children: 

Curtis  T. 

Ira  L. 

Lorenzo  H. 

Emeline  A. 

Mary  Eliza. 
371a       Fayette  Almeron. 

Samuel  E. 

Alida  F. 

Cordelia  A. 

74  Abner°  Eanney  (Abner^  Eichard^  John^,  Thomas^),  b. 
Jan.  14,  1782,  Blandford,  Mass;  m.  Armyra  Powell,  b.  Aug.  27, 
1792,  who  d.  Jan.  5,  1860,  For estville,  N.  Y.  Bapt.;  Eep.  He 
it  June  1,  1863,  Sheridan,  N.  Y. 

Children : 

Julia,  b. ,  ;  m.  Salmon  Treat.     (See  the  Treat 

family  chapter.) 

Ephraim,  b. ,  ;  d.  Feb.  20,  1868,  unm. 

Loran,  b. , ;  d. , ,  unm. 

Harriet,  b. , ;  m.  Orrin  Moore. 

163  Mary  Ann,  b.  Aug.  10,  1815;  m.  James  Sheldon  Cook. 

Hiram,  b. , . 

Clark,  b. , 

164     Lyman  Wells,  b.  Oct.  30,  1820. 


Jane,  b. , ;  m.  John  Pratt. 

165  Harmon,  b.  Oct.  12,  1823. 

Abner,  b. , ;  d.  1878,  unm. 

75  JoeP  Eanney  (Abner*,  Eichard^  John^  Thomas^),  b.  Oct. 
28,  1783,  Blandford,  Mass.;  d.  1870,  Griffin's  Mills,  N.  Y.;  m. 
Julia  Letson. 

Cliildren : 

166  Timothy  Alonzo,  b.  June  1,  1811. 
Leonard,  b. ,  ;  d.  young. 

167  Caroline  Amelia,  b.  Feb.  16,  1824 ;  m.  C.  M.  Whitney. 
Adaline,  b. , ;  m.  Gray. 

Mary,  b. , ;  m.  Starring. 

William,  b. , ;  m. .     No  children. 

168  Lydia  Jane,  b.  Apr.  17,  1835;  m.  T.  W.  Parker. 
Charlotte  A.,  b. , ;  m.  Jas.  W.  Crabbe. 

169  John  Sheldon,  b.  Oct.  22,  1838. 

170  Rowland  Robinson,  b.  May  — ,  1840. 

171  Lafayette,  b. , . 

76  Oliver^  Eanney  (Abner*,  Richard^  John^,  Thomas^),  b. 
Dec.  6,  1785,  Blandford,  Mass.;  m.  Feb.  26,  1811,  Sally  Reynolds, 
b.  Jan.  18,  1787;  d.  Apr.  11,  1842,  Knoxboro,  N.  Y.,  dau.  of 
Jeremiah  Reynolds  (Benj.  of  Windham,  Conn.),  and  Roby  Pye. 
Private  20th  Reg.  N.  Y.  Militia,  1814,  in  Capt.  Isaac  Benedict's 
Co.  of  Riflemen ;  marched  to  Sackett's  Harbor  under  Lieut.  Orange 
Foot.  Had  paid  a  substitute  from  1812  to  1814.  Farmer;  Rep. 
Died  July  29,  1875,  Augusta,  N.  Y. 

Children : 
Matthew,  b.  Feb.  1,  1812 ;  d.  Feb.  1,  1812 
Martha,  b.  Feb.  1,  1812 ;  d.  Feb.  2,  1812. 

172  Oliver  Franklin,  b.  Apr.  1,  1813. 

Sarah  Ette,  b.  July  1,  1815;  m.  Ezra  W.  Symonds. 
Chauncey,   b.   Oct.   6,   1817;   d.   July  2,    1847;  m.   Fidelia 
Shepard.     Children:  EmilY  and  Edwin. 

173  Daniel  Wells,  b.  Oct.  4,  1819. 

174  Hiram  Mason,  b.  Jan.  6,  1822. 

Adolphus,  b.  May  15,  1824;  d.  Apr.  16,  1874;  m.  Susan  Rey- 
nolds of  IST.  Y.  City.     Had  a  son  Wm.  Adolphus. 

Ellen,  b.  Apr.  8,  1827;  d.  Dec.  14,  1869;  m.  Feb.  1,  1853, 
N.  W.  Hurlbut  of  Binghamton,  K.  Y. 

77  Wells'*    Ranney    (Abner*,    Richard^   John%    Thomas^),   b. 


Sept.  7,  1794,  Blandford,  Mass.;  m.  (1)  Priscilla  Loveland;  in. 
(2)  Julia  Sperry;  m.  (3)  Almira  Bartholomew,  b.  July  30,  1800, 
Augusta,  N.  Y.,  dau.  of  Josiah  Bartholomew  and  Myra  Wadhams 
Hyde.     Eep.;  Meth.;  Farmer,     d.  Oct.  14,  1872,  Eoyalton,  N.  Y. 

Children  by  1st  marriage: 
174a     Milo,  b.  1819. 

175  Harvey  Henderson,  b.  1815. 

Marvin,  b. ;  killed  by  falling  from  a  tree. 

Children  by  2d  marriage: 
175a  Daniel,  b.  1822. 

175b  Franklin,  b. . 

Maryette,  b. 

Children  by  3d  marriage: 

176  Collins  Bartholomew,  b.  Jan.  20,  1840. 
Alminia,  b.  1843 ;  d.  Oct.  14,  1872. 

George  Wells,  b.  1846 ;  m.  Edna  Dysinger.     Ees.  Buffalo,  N. 
Y. :    c/n:W.  Howard,  b.  .    Ees.  Buffalo,  N.  Y. 

78     Lyman"*   Eanney    (Abner*,  Eichard^   John^,  Thomas^),  b. 
Dec.  13,  1793,  Blandford,  Mass.;  d.  Feb.  11,  1879,  Perrysburg,  N. 

Y. ;  m.  (1)  ,  Sophronia  Soper;  m.  (2)  Louisa  Toles;  m.  (3) 

Maria  Clark,  b.  Oct.  23,  1810,  Shelburne,  Mass.,  d.  Mar.  16,  1895, 
Perrysburg,  dau.  of  Amasa  Clark  and  Eunice  Warren,  who  was 
b.  Feb.  8,  1780,  d.  Aug.  23,  1880,  being  a  centenarian.  He  was 
a  farmer,  a  private  in  Capt.  Orrin  Gridley's .  Co.  in  war  of  1812 
and  was  a  pensioner ;  Dem, ;  Meth. 

Children  by  1st  marriage: 
111     Philo,  b.  Oct.  13,  1818. 

178  Eliza,  b.  Apr.  12,  1821;  m.  Moses  Wood. 

179  Sophronia,  b.  Oct.  16,  1822 ;  d.  Jan.  7,  1905 ;  m.  L.  Vaughan. 
Sheldon, ;  d.  St.  Charles,  111.,  young. 

180  Edward  Allen,  b.  Sept.  7,  1825. 

Children  by  2d  marriage: 

181  Diana,  b. ,  1831;  d.  1854;  m.  John  Eckels. 

Franklin,  b. . 

182  Warren  Ezrum,  b.  Mar.  14,  1838. 

183  DeWitt  Clinton,  b. ,  1840. 

Children  by  3d  marriage: 

184  Caroline  Celinda,  b.  Nov.  9,  1841 ;  m,  J.  A.  Grantier. 


Ransom,  b.  Dec.   10,   1843;  d.  Jan.   11,  1845. 

Morrell,  b.  May  31,  1845;  d.  June  6,  1850. 

Emily  Maria,  b.  July  12,  1849;  m.  Dec.  7,  1886,  Perrys- 

burg,   Wallace   Cadwell,   b.   Apr.    16,    1847,   farmer.     No 

children;  res.  Perrysburg,  N.  Y. 
Oliver  Lyman,  b.  May  25,  1854,  unm.  Res.  Perrysburg,  N.  Y. 

79  Eli'^  Ranney,  (Abner*,  Richard^  John^,  Thomas^),  b.  June 
27,  1796,  Blandford,  Mass.;  m.  (1)  Dec.  27,  1818,  Evaline  Parma- 
lee,  b.  Oct.  9,  1797,  who  d.  Apr.  25,  1834,  Knoxboro,  N.  Y.;  m. 
(2)  Lois  Wetmore,  b.  Mar.  10,  1811,  d.  Sept.  26,  1879;  farmer  in 
Augusta,  N.  Y. ;  rem.,  1844,  to  Perrysburg,  N.  Y. ;  and  from  thence 
to  Spring  Hill,  la.,  farmer;  Meth.  Died  Dec.  2,  1873,  Spring 
Hill,  la. 

Children  hy  1st  marriage: 

185  Justin  Worthy,  b.  Jan.  3,  1821. 

186  Harmon,  b.  June  27,  1823. 

187  Nancy  Jane,  b.  Nov.  12,  1826;  m.  N.  H.  Miner. 

188  Julius  Caesar,  b.  Feb.  20,  1829. 

189  Lovisa,  b.  Aug.  21,  1831 ;  m.  D.  C.  Brand. 

Children  by  2d  marriage: 

190  Frank   Eli,   b.    Sept.    25,    1837. 

191  Elizabeth  Evelyn,  b.  July  9,  1840;  m.  Alfred  Francis. 
Orzelia,  b.  Dec.  23,  1845;  d.  Dec.  9,  1873. 

192  Helen  Amelia,  b. 1847;  m.  Lewis  S.  Kennedy. 

Mary,  b.  Mar.  24,  1850;  m.  Harvey  Handy,  b.  1844.     Chil- 
dren : 

Sadie,  b.  June,  1870. 

Frank,  b.  June,  1876 ;   res.  Nesho,  Missouri. 

Minnie,  b.  ;    res.  Nesho,  Missouri. 

80  Joseph'  Ranney  (Fletcher*,  Joseph^  Joseph^,  Thomas^), 
b.  Aug.  6,  1751,  Upper  Houses;  m.  (1)  June  29,  1778,  Upper 
Houses,  Ruth®  White,  b.  1754,  Upper  Houses,  (Moses",  Isaac*, 
DanieP,  NathanieP,  John^)  ;  d.  Jan.  20,  1824;  m.  (2)  Dec.  25, 
1824,  Lucy  Edwards,  dau.  of  Churchill  Edwards,  who  d.  Mar.  29, 
1861,  aged  89  years.  He  died  Jan.  30,  1835.  By  his  will  he  re- 
membered his  widow  of  course;  Polinda,  Eliza  and  Jane  Wilcox, 
children  of  his  deceased  son  Norman ;  Ruth,  Augusta,  and  Emeline, 
children  of  his  only  living  child,  Rebecca;  Henry  Joseph,  Moses 
and  Mary,  children  of  his  deceased  son,  Moses;  Asa  Sage  Ranney, 
child  of  his  deceased  son,  Calvin;  Mary  Ann  Warburton,  child  of 

.Mrs.    Ida    Louise  (Ixman)    Eanney 
(See  page   446) 

Mrs.  Xettie  (Raxxey)  Rossmax 
(See  page   495) 

Miss   Julia   Isabel    Ranney  Miss    Harriet   Augusta   Raxney 

(See  page   297) 

Mrs.  Julia    (Ranney)    Treat 
(See  page  215) 

]\Irs.  Hannah  (Ranney)  Knox 
(See  page  214 ) 

Ly.MA.V       ItANNEY 

(See  page  217) 

Eli    Ranney 
(See    page    218) 


his  deceased  daughter,  Mary.     His  home  from  birth  to  death  was 
the  Fletcher  Eanney  house. 

Henry,  b.  Sept.  10,  1778 ;  d.  June  16,  1801. 

193  Eebecca,  b.  Sept.  24,  1780;  m.    (1)   Nov.  1801,  John  Ed- 

wards; (2)  May  15,  1810,  Thomas  White.  (See  the  White 
Mary,  b.  Apr.  3,  1783;  m.  Luther^  Smith  (John^  Joseph*, 
Eev.  Joseph^).  Child:  Mary,  b. ;  m.  John  War- 
burton,  the  millionaire  of  Hartford.  She  built  Warburton 
chapel  and  was  a  philanthropist. 

194  Moses,  b.  Dec.  22,  1785. 

Joseph,  b.  Not.  27,  1788 ;  d.  Feb.  14,  1806. 

195  Calvin,  b.  Apr.  15,  1791. 

196  Norman,  b.  Apr.  22,  1793. 

Harvev,  b.  Apr.  14,  1795;  d.  Aug.  23,  1819.  Charleston,  S.  C. 
Served  in  War  of  1812,  Aug.  18,  1814— Oct.  25,  1814, 
under  Capt.  Isaac  Webber. 

81  Simeon''  Eanney  (Fletcher*,  Joseph',  Joseph^,  Thomas^), 
b.  Nov.  25,  1759,  Upper  Houses;  m.  Aug.  21,  1785,  Mary^  Savage, 
b.  1764,  dau.  of  Dr.  Solomon*  Savage  (Dea.  William^  Serg.  Wil- 
liam^,  John^),  and  Sarah  Selden,  b.  Aug.  30,  1743,  dau.  of  Capt. 
Thomas  Selden  of  Haddam  Neck.  He  served  in  the  Eev.  Army. 
Both  owned  the  church  covenant,  June  19,  1788.  He  d.  the  next 
day.     She  d. . 

Children : 
Simon,  bapt.  June  19,  1788;  d.  Jan.  23,  1810,  aged  24;  m. 

Anna.     She  m.    (2)    Zachariah   Somers. 

Child:  Mary  Ann,  b.  1807;  d.  Feb.  26,  1821. 
Selden,  bapt.  June  19,  1788;  d.  Oct.  19,  1822. 

197  Martin,  bapt.  June  19,  1788. 

82  William^  Eanney  (Fletcher*,  Joseph^  Joseph^,  Thomas^), 
b.  Nov.  14,  1763,  Upper  Houses;  m.  (1)  June  20,  1790,  Olive' 
Hamlin,  bapt.  Sept.  4,  1768,  Middletown,  (William*,  NathanieP, 
William%  Giles^),  d.  Nov.-  23,  1822;  m.  (2)  Oct.  25,  1826,  Sarah 
Clark  of  Westfield  Society,  Middletown.  He  purchased  the  Major 
Edward  Eells  place  and  kept  a  tannery.  He  was  an  original  mem- 
ber, 1802,  of  the  Baptist  Church  and  deacon  for  many  years,  and 
his  home  was  known  as  "The  Ministers'  Tavern."  He  d.  Sept. 
29,  1829.     She  was  widow  Clark  and  d.  Sept.  11,  1843,  aged  66. 



198  Horace,  bapt.  Oct.  28,  1791. 

199  William,  bapt.  June  9,  1793. 

200  George,  bapt.  July  26,  1795. 

201  Sarah,  bapt.  Apr.  10,  1797. 

Timothy,  bapt.  June  23,  1799;  d.  Sept.  5,  1821. 
Olive, 1801;  d.  Oct.  3,  1826. 

202  Henry,  b.  May  5,  1804. 

Mary,  b.  Aug.  20,  1805 ;  d.  Mar.  20,  1832. 

203  Joseph,  b.  Aug.  20,  1807;  m.  Jan.  1,  1834,  Cleveland,  0., 

Lucenia  Fox,  b.  Sept.  24,  1807,  Leroy  N".  Y.;  d.  1885. 
Shoe  merchant;  d.  Aug.  4,  1873.  Child:  Sarah  Kinney,  b. 
Dec.  14,  1847,  unm.     Ees.  Cleveland,  0. 

83  Stephen^  Eanney  (Stephen*,  Joseph^  Joseph-,  Thomas^), 
b.  Oct.  14,  1753,  Upper  Houses;  m.  Aug.  28,  1783,  Esther  Sage, 
b.  Oct.  11,  1753,  dau.  of  Gen.  Comfort  Sage  and  Sarah  Hamlin; 
raised,  Feb.  6,  1782  in  St.  John's  Lodge  F.  A.  M. ;  prominent 
official  in  Episcopal  Church.  Owned  one  of  the  fine  old  mansions 
on  Elm  Street,  Middletown, 

His  second  application  for  a  pension  dated  June  22,  1820,  reads : 

"  A  volunteer  at  Eoxbury  in  Feb.  and  March,   1776.     He  then 

enlisted  in  Col.   Samuel  Wylly's  Eegt. ; from  New  York  was 

detached  with  Col.  Tupper  on  board  sloop  Hester;  on  the 

arrival    of    the    British    army    the    detachment    was    forced    to 

return  to  New  York the  26th  of  June,  1776,  received  a  warrant 

as  Surgeon's  Mate  in  the  3d  Eegt.,  raised  out  of  the  militia  of  the 

Colony  of  Connecticut, was  on  Governor's  Island  when  it 

was  evacuated,  and  in  the  retreat  from  New  York  to  Harlem 
Heights  passed  over  from  this  place  with  the  sick  of  the  Eegt.  to 

Hackensack  and  Paramuss joined  the  Eegt.  soon  after  at  North 

Castle where  the  Eegt.  was  disbanded  the  last  of  Dec"".  1776, 

Feb.,  1777,  entered  as  mate  in  the  General  Hosp^  at  Morris- 
town in  June  was  appointed  second  Surgeon  in  the  Hospital, 

(the  Commission  was  forwarded  to  the  Department  of  War, 

on  his  application  for  a  Pension,  April,  1818) was  in  the  Hos- 
pitals in  the  vicinity  of  Morristown  till  late  in  the  fall was  then 

ordered  to  Princeton;  sometime  in  the  winter  was  sent  to  East 

Town  with  the  Hessian   Pris"^  wounded   at  Eed  Bank   Fort 

was  then  ordered  to  Yellow  Spring  Hospital,  in  which  I  did  duty 
till  taken  sick,  on  my  recovery  was  ordered  to  join  Col.  Nevils 
Eegt.  Gen'  Scotts'  Brig^  at  Valley  Forge  when  the  army  took  the 
field,  removed  the  sick  of  the  Brig°  back  into  the  County,  the  Hos- 


pitals  being  broke  up,  went  to  Philadelphia,  was  then  ordered  to 
Fish  Kill  Hospital  under  the  direction  of  Doc.  McKnight,  Surg" 
Gen',  of  the  Middle  Department,  remained  at  Fish  Kill  and  the 
neighborhood,  according  to  the  best  of  my  remembrance  till  Ocf^ 

1780, a  new  arrangement  was  made  in  the  Hospital,  resigned 

and  spent  the  remainder  of  the  war  in  armed  vessels that  he 

has  received  a  pension  the  certificate  of  which  bears  the  number 

He  had  taken  a  fancy  to  writing  his  name  Eainey,  and  it  made 
him  much  trouble  in  trying  to  get  a  pension.  In  a  letter  he 
states :  "  I  regret  that  it  did  not  occur  at  the  time  I  made  out  my 
declaration  to  spell  my  name  as  I  did  when  in  the  service.  It  oc- 
curred when  I  received  your  letter,  that  that  was  the  difficulty  in 
my  identity.  Mr.  Dane  proposed  the  remedy  that  difficulty,  if 
any,  as  you  find  in  the  enclosed  papers.  If  Dr.  Townsend  was 
at  West  Point,  he  can  testify  to  my  declaration.     I  remember  no 

one  at  that  station  but  Eustace,  Warren  and  Gordon nearly 

half  a  century  has  elapsed,  which  makes  havoc  on  the  frame  and 
memory.  I  have  found  the  warrant  alluded  to  in  my  declaration 
which  I  enclose  for  the  novelty  of  the  composition,  the  Governor 
of  an  English  Colony  authorizing  me  to  act  against  the  King." 

From  a  letter  dated  May  31,  1828,  it  appears  that  he  was  seek- 
ing to  avail  himself  of  the  benefit  of  the  Act  providing  for  the 
surviving  officers  of  the  Revolutionary  Army  and  he  wrote  a  long 
letter  to  a  friend  in  which  he  detailed  his  army  experience.  "  In 
Feb.,  1776,  the  British  Army  were  besieged  in  Boston.  I  walked 
to  Eoxbury  and  entered  a  volunteer  in  Col.  G.  Wyllys's  Regiment. 
.  .  .  1780.  At  this  period  a  new  arrangement  was  made  in 
the  General  Hospital,  the  second  surgeon  was  struck  out;  I  having 
served  my  country  almost  five  years  with  my  best  abilities,  having 
never  been  absent  by  furlough  six  weeks  in  the  time,  and  if  con- 
tinued must  accept  a  less  station  and  pay;  as  there  were  enough 
older  surgeons  to  fill  the  office  of  Surgeon,  I  left  the  Hospital  and 
returned  home  still  desirous  to  assist  in  gaining  that  Independence 
which  my  youthful  ardor  had  led  me  to  suffer  so  many  hardships. 
And  I  have  never  received  land  or  commutation  and  received  a 
pension  till  the  law  voted  it  to  damn  paupers. 

"  I  had  three  severe  fits  of  sickness,  and  very  much  impaired  my 
constitution,  expended  my  property,  as  the  pay  although  ample, 
which  was  $60  per  month  and  four  rations,  yet  the  depreciation 
was  so  great  that  it  would  not  furnish  decent  clothing.  I  am 
often  led  to  reflect  on  the  subject  and  wonder  what  kept  us  together, 
I  must  say  I  enjoyed  myself  very  much,  and  when  our  troubles  were 


the  greatest,  our  pleasures  seemed  to  produce  the  greatest  hilar- 
ity; I  believe  that  we  were  never  at  a  greater  ebb  than  at  Valley 
The  following  letters  show  how  he  wrote  his  name  to  his  parents : 

Amboy  on  Board  Sloop  Hester,  June  3,  1776. 
Dear  Father: — 

I  suppose  you  heard  by  Lieutenant  Warner's  letters  that  I  have 
undertaken  on  board  the  privateer.  I  think  I  have  much  greater 
advantages  here  than  in  the  Army,  as  I  have  the  advantage  of  em- 
ploying my  time  in  physick.  I  act  as  Commodore's  Clerk  and 
Physician's  mate.  The  Commodore  is  a  gentleman  of  honour  and 
courage,  as  you  may  see  by  last  Summer's  papers. 

I  will  first  let  you  know  what  fleet  this  is,  as  I  suppose  you  know 
nothing  about  it  there.  It  is  composed  of  the  Commadere  of  10 
guns,  10  swivels  and  every  other  instrument  of  War;  the  Sloop 
Schuyler  of  6  Guns,  8  or  10  swivels;  the  Schooner  Mifflin,  mount- 
ing swivels.  Blunderbusses,  wall  pieces,  etc.  etc.  She's  much  like 
a  hornet's  nest,  full  of  men;  Their  hatches  are  made  quite  to  the 
Cabin  door,  and  they  stand  below  Decks  to  fight;  that  the  sides 
make  a  considerable  breastwork;  she  swims  not  more  than  three 
feet  clear  of  the  water;  that  it  must  be  a  good  shot  to  hit  her. 

Captain  Clap  with  seven  Whail  Boats  and  29  men,  with  fire- 
arms, plum-pudding  hand  grenade  wall  pieces,  etc,  etc. 

Captain  Stanwood  with  the  same  number  and  strength. 

Lieutenant  Toogood  with  6  do.  a"nd  23  men  equipped  in  the 
same  manner;  they  are  cruising  off  and  are  stationed  out,  the 
Sloop  and  the  Schooner,  the  whail  boats  send  up  intelligence  every 
other  day;  we  are  stationed  at  present  at  Amboy,  tho'  I  hope  we 
shall  soon  be  relieved  by  some  land  force,  which  it  is  expected  will 
be  sent  down  to  fortify ;  a  small  fort  is  begun  but  no  guns  mounted, 
nor  is  there  at  present  any  Troops  here,  only  a  Company  of  the 
train,  besides  us;  we  have  just  received  mteligence  that  two  more 
Ships  have  come  in ;  their  fieet  is  now  augmented  to  10  sail  includ- 
ing Men  of  War,  beside  a  Topsail  Schooner,  Sloop  and  two  or 
three  smaller  fly  boats;  we  have  an  Express  gone  down  to  fiddle- 
ton  to  fetch  up  three  Men  that  have  deserted  from  the  Men  of 
War,  we  are  informed  that  they  bring  News  that  they  are  in  great 
want  of  provisions  on  board  the  Fleet,  but  further  particulars  I 
hope  to  be  able  to  write  before  Night.  I  am  much  indebted  to 
Captain  Sumner  for  his  great  kindness  in  assisting  me,  he  has 
always  showed  me  the  greatest  marks  of  freedom  and  friendship, 
also  Lieutenant  Warner  who  I  esteem  with  the  most  tender  regard 
of  Friendship;  the  Officers  that  I  am  now  embarked  with  are  very 


free  and  Sociable  that  I  live  with  the  content  and  ease  Immagin- 
able.  I  go  on  Shore  when  I  please,  and  come  off  when  I  please, 
and  a  more  mild  crew  I  judge  never  manned  a  Vessel  of  War,  no 
man  drops  an  oath  without  a  Cobing,  which  is  executed  by  the  man 
that  was  punished  before,  that  it  makes  a  diversion  for  all  and  has 
entirely  brook  them  that  it  is  rare  to  hear  an  oath.  Jere  Norton 
is  on  board,  no  others  belonging  to  Middletown.  I  have  not  yet  been 
to  see  my  aunt,  but  shall  go  I  believe  tomorrow, 

I  have  got  Yerry  portly  since  I  came  on  board  and  free  from 
my  cold.     My  kind  iove  to  Mama,  Grandmama  and  Brothers  and 
Sisters  and  all  enquiring  Friends  and  Eelations. 
N.  B.     I  wish  you  would  send  down  my  Coat  and  Jacket  and 
Summer  Jackets  and  Shirts,  for  my  Shirts  are  most  gone. 
Dear  Father  I  am  your  dutiful  Son  till  Death, 

Stephen  Eanney. 

Direct  your  letters  and  Cloathes  to  Lieutenant  Warner  in  Colonel 
Wyllys's''Eegiment.  Eemember  me  to  Mrs.  Warner.  [This  was 
later  Capt.  and  Major  Eobert  Warner,  C.  C.  A.] 

Mendhem,  September  17,  1777. 
Dear  Parents  : — 

I  enjoy  this  opportunity  of  writing  by  Captain  Warner  and  am 
very  sorry  to  inform  you  that  I  have  not  received  a  letter  from  you 
since  April.  I  wrote  you  in  my  last  very  fully  of  my  situation 
which  is  as  before,  only  in  hourly  expectation  of  Orders  to  move. 
We  have  at  present  only  Ninety  in  Hospital  and  most  of  them  in 
a  recovering  state.  Our  Army  in  Pennsylvania  have  had  a  very 
smart  engagement,  which  by  the  best  account,  is  very  much  in  our 
favour,  for  tho'  they  caused  us  to  retreat,  yet  their  loss  was  more 
than  three  to  one,  and  upon  them  conditions  we  can  afford  to 
retreat  every  Day.  The  Enemy  crossed  last  week  about  1000 
strong  at  Elizabethtown  point,  and  marched  to  New  Ark  and  up 
Pasaick  Eiver,  in  Consiquence  of  which  mineuver,  I  was  sent  to 
attend  the  wounded,  which  amounted  to  only  Six  and  four  or  five 
Killed,  they  made  a  point  of  driving  off  all  the  Cattle  they  could 
get  in  their  way — tho'  they  were  very  remarkably  favorable  on 
account  of  Plundering  the  Inhabitants  which  is  a  loss  but 
too  small  to  cover  the  Hook,  for  the  Militia  turn  out  very  fully; 
we  had  the  next  upwards  of  1200  Men  in  the  field  in  high  spirits, 
.  and  we  have  a  report  that  General  McDougal  is  on  his  march  with 
2500  Men  on  their  back,  that  I  hope  in  a  few  days  we  shall  be  able 
to  tell  their  Numbers  with  more  Certainty.  I  am  highly  pleased 
to  hear  that  General  Stark  with  the  New  England  Troops  has  be- 
haved so  well  at  Bennington,  for  they  have  become  a  proverb  in 


the  Land.  I  am  often  put  to  the  blush  to  hear  the  execrations 
that  are  constantly  threw  out  against  Connecticut  in  particular, 
that  I  am  almost  determined  sometime  to  deny  my  native  place. 
I  am  in  a  hurry  as  the  man  is  waiting,  you  must  excuse  my  not 
writing  oftener,  as  it  is  very  difficult  sending  being  out  of  the 
post  Eoad.  If  you  have  an  opportunity  of  Sending  to  Morristown, 
desire  them  to  leave  it  at  the  Doctor's  Quarters,  and  they  will 
send  it  to  me  Immediately.  My  Compliments  to  all  enquiring — 
my  love  to  all — Brothers  and  Sisters,  etc.  I  remain  with  the 

Your  Dutiful  Son, 

N.B.     I  send  this  letter  enclosed  to  Captain  Warner,  who  I  hope 
will  forward  it. 

In  accordance  with  the  rules  of  the  pension  office  he  filed  an 
inventory  which  included  six  silver  tablespoons  bearing  the  date 
"  1726  "  valued  at  $3.00.  He  had  evidently  bought  them  at  the 
sale  of  his  father's  effects,  and  the  date  indicates  that  they  belonged 
to  his  grandfather,  Joseph  Ranney,  who  was  married  July  21,  1725. 
For  30  years,  1790 — 1820,  he  had  been  employed  in  the  Middle- 
town  Customs  office.  His  death  occurred  May  18,  1837;  buried 
May  30,  (Epis.  Ch.  Eecord).  He  is  probably  buried  in  the  Gen. 
Comfort  Sage  tomb,  Mortimer  Cemetery,  where  his  infant  children 
are  buried.  His  parents,  brother  and  one  sister  have  headstones 
in  Mortimer  Cemetery.  The  widow  rem.  to  New  London,  Ct.,  to 
reside,  and  died  there  May  3,  1857.  The  daughters  married  into 
prominent  families.  The  Family  Bible  is  in  the  Jackson  family  of 

Children : 
Jabez  Hamlin,  b.  Apr.  17,  1784;  d.  Oct.  16,  1802. 
Esther,  b.   Mar.    31,   1786;  d.   1892;  m.   John   Vibbard   of 

Water  ford,  N.  Y.     (Vibbert.) 
Comfort  Sage,  b.  Jan.  19,  1788,  raised  in  St.  John's  Lodge, 
June  21,  1809 ;  d.  Aug.  1813,  lost  at  sea  returning  from 
Mary,  b.  Dec.  13,  1789;  m.  Dec.  21,  1832,  Edward  Hallam 

of  New  London,  Ct. 
Daniel  Stephen,  b.  Feb.  18,  1792;  d.  Sept.  10,  1793. 
Sarah  Sage,  b.  Jan.  29,  1795;  d.  Dec.  13,  1795. 


Sarah  Sage,  b.  Nov.  13,  1796;  d.  Jan.  21,  1887;  m.  Nov. 
1,  1841,  Eev.  Daniel  Huntington  of  New  London. 

Stephen  Augustus,  b.  Aug.  25,  1798;  d.  unm.  Aug.  4,  1840  in 

Catherine  Elizabeth,  b.  June  20,  1803 ;  d.  unm.  Dec.  9,  1891, 
New  London,  Ct.  Left  a  large  property  and  many  valu- 
able papers  of  her  father's,  including  his  commission. 

83a  Samuel  Ward'^  Eanney  (Stephen*,  Joseph^  Joseph-, 
Thomas^),  b.  May  13,  1758,  Upper  Houses,  m.  Jan.  15,  1784, 
Middletown,  Ann  Newell,  b.  Mar.  16,  1759,  widow  of  Nathaniel 
Newell  and  dau.  of  Eobert  Gilchrist  and  Elizabeth  Jackson;  con- 
firmed, 1786,  by  Bishop  Seabury.  Drowned  June  17,  1832. 
Widow  d.  Apr.  6,  1833.  Gravestones  in  Mortimer  Cemetery. 
Robert  Gilchrist  and  widow  have  gravestones  in  Riverside  Cemetery. 

Children : 
Samuel  Ward,  bapt.  Oct.  17,  1784. 
Elizabeth  Gilchrist,  bapt.  Sept.  24,  1786 ;  m.  Moses  Ranney, 

which  see. 
James  Dick,  bapt.  Sept.  7,  1788;  d.  South. 
Martha,  bapt.  Apr.  3,  1791. 

84  Capt.  Charles''  Ranney  (Hezekiah*,  Joseph^  Joseph^, 
Thomas^)  ;  b.  Oct.  4,  1771,  Upper  Houses;  m.  May  5,  1791,  Mid- 
dletown Cong.  Ch.  MabeF  Stow,  b. ,  dau.  of  Peter^  Stow 

(Serg.  NathanieP,  Nathaniel*,  John^  Thomas?,  John^).  He  pur- 
chased the  house  in  Middletown  which  stood  till  a  few  years  ago 
where  the  Catholic  school  stands;  was  a  hatter;  became  sea  cap- 
tain, lost  his  vessel  in  an  uprising  in  Hayti,  but  saved  his  life  by 
giving  the  Masonic  sign  of  distress,  the  leader  of  the  negroes  be- 
ing a  Mason.  He  ret.  to  his  home,  and  soon  rem.  to  region  of 
Lansingburg,  N.  Y.  where  his  father  and  brothers  had  gone.  His 
Masonic  lambskin  apron,  hand  painted,  owned  by  his  grand- 
daughter. Miss  M.  S.  Ranney.  of  Austin,  Minn.,  was  on  exhibition 
in  1904  at  the  reunion  of  the  Society  of  Middletown  Upper  Houses. 
The  widow  went  to  Kentucky  with  her  children  and  died  in  Liver- 
more,  Ky.,  Dec.  6,  1867.  She  was  known  as  "  Mehitable  "  Ranney, 
and  in  deeds  had  signed  her  name  as  Mehitable  Ranney. 

Children : 

Charles,  b. ;  d.  Dec.   19,  1791. 

Lucretia,  bapt.  Nov.  19,  1801;  m.  Pearly  Sharp.     Children: 
William,  Mary,  Emma,  m.  Schenck;  res.  Maywood,  111. 


Charles,  bapt.  Nov.  19,  1801;  d.  Dec.  19,  1801. 

Joseph,  bapt.  Nov.  19,  1801 ;  d.  Dec.  5,  1801. 

William,  bapt.  Nov.  19,  1801;  d.  same  day. 

Charles,  b. ;  d.  unm.  1836,  Newburyport,  Mass. 

204  William  W.  b.  Sept.  5,  1805. 

Clarissa,   b. ;   m.    Joseph    Peters.      Children:   Wil- 
liam, Joseph,  John,  Jane,  Mary. 

205  Abigail,  b.  June  15,  1810;  m.  Lysander  Button. 

Mary,  b. ;  m.  Edwin  Lawrence  of  Newburyport, 

Mass.    Children:  Charles,  Mary,  Albert. 

206  James  Stow,  b.  July  15,  1813. 

85  Hezekiah'  Eanney  (Hezekiah*,  Joseph^  Joseph^,  Thomas^), 
b.  Jan.  17,  1774,  Upper  Houses;  m.  Mary  Richardson,  b.  May  30, 
1797,  Middletown,  dau.  of  Roland  Richardson  and  Elizabeth  Pier- 
pont.  They  were  members  of  the  Methodist  Church.  He  was  a 
tanner  and  shoemaker,  a  natural  combination  for  those  times.  He 
rem.  to  Edinburgh,  N.  Y.,  later  to  Rochester,  and  then  to  Geneseo, 
becoming  a  merchant.     Died  there  Aug.  4,  1857. 

Children : 

207  Jabez,  b.   1799. 

Roland,  b. — ;  d.  at  sea,  1856. 

George,  b. ;  d.  Apr.   8,  1828. 

Joseph,  b. ;  d.  July  18,  1823. 

Eliza,  b. ;  d.  Dec.  30,  1809. 

208  Maria,  b. ;  m.  Joseph  Dewey. 

Harriet,  b. ;  m.  Isaac  Newton. 

86  Roderick'  Ranney  (Hezekiah*,  Joseph^  Joseph^  Thomas^), 
b.  Mar.  24,  1780,  Upper  Houses;  m.  (1)  July  1,  1802,  Sally^  Dan- 
forth,  b.  July  1,  1785,  Middletown,  d.  July  17,  1815,  Kingsbury, 
N.  Y.,  dau.  of  Joseph^  Danforth  (Thomas^  Thomas*,  SamueP, 
Samuel-,  Nicholas^)  and  Sarah  King;  m.  (2)  Mar.  11,  1816, 
Elizabeth  Bylan.  He  rem.  to  Lansingburg,  N.  Y.  and  to  Stafford 
near  Batavia,  settling  on  the  Holland  Purchase  when  the  country 
was  new  and  d.  there  Jan.  9,  1857.  The  four  children  were  bap- 
tized Sept.  10,  1809,  by  the  Epis.  rector  of  Middletown,  "while 
on  a  visit  from  New  York." 

Children : 

209  Roderick  Hartshorn,  b. . 

210  Jacob  Lansing,  b.  Apr.  26,  1807. 

Sally,  b. ;  d.  at  16  years. 

Martha  Danforth,  b. ;  m.  David  B.  Smalley. 


87  David  Stocking^  Eanney  (Hezekiah*,  Joseph^,  Joseph-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Apr.  22,  1787,  Upper  Houses;  m.  Sept.  12,  1812, 
Ann  K.  Gardner,  b.  May  15,  1789,  Boston,  Mass.;  d.  Aug.  26,  1877, 
Boston.  He  rem.  with  his  father  to  Edinburg,  N.  Y. ;  Eem.  to 
Boston  where  he  m.  Took  part  in  the  defence  of  Boston  in  War  of 
1812.  Unitarian.  Was  a  furniture  merchant  many  years;  d. 
Oct.  23,  1864,  Chelsea,  Mass.,  buried  in  Mt.  Auburn  Cem.,  Cam- 
bridge, Mass. 

Children : 
David  Gardner,  b.  Dec.  18,  1813;  d.  Mar.  23,  1815. 
214     David  Gardner,  b.  Feb.  2,  1816. 

Ann,  b.  May  28,  1818;  d.  Mar.  7,  1819. 

Franklin  Gardner,  b.  Dec.  4,  1820;  d.  unm.  June  4,  1870, 

William  Henry,  b.  Apr.  5,  1823. 

88  Horatio  Gates^  Eanney  (Hezekiah'*,  Joseph^,  Joseph-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Dec.  25,  1799;  m.  Minerva  S.  Coon,  dau.  of  Al- 
basinda  Coon.     Merchant  in  Cleveland,  0. 

Children : 

Charles    Horatio,   b.    Jan.    19,    1836;     m.    Apr.    19,    1868. 

Elizabeth  T.  Bowen,  b.  Oct.  4,  1844,  dau.  of  David  and 

Mary  Williams  Bowen.     Served  in   Co.   A,   7th  Ohio, 

and  Co.  F,  124th  Ohio  Vol.  Inf.     Ees.  Cleveland,  Ohio, 

CjlltLQ/V&Tl  ' 

Mary  A.,  b.  July  29,  1870;    d.  Aug.  11,  1870. 

George  W.,  b.  Jan.  2,  1872 ;    d.  Apr.  30,  1872. 

George  C,  b.  Jan.  29,  1874;   d.  Mar.  10,  1877. 

John  G.,  b.  Sept.  23,  1875 ;    d.  Sept.  28,  1875. 

Infant,  b.  Apr.  8,  1880;    still  born. 
Olive,  b.  1838;    m.  John  L.  Gossen;    dau.  m.  Chas.  H.  Wil- 
liams.    Ees.  Cleveland,  0. 

Julia,  b.  1840 ;    m.  A.  J.  Stevens.     Ees.  . 

John  C,  b.  1844;    d.  1863. 

88a  Sylvester^  Eanney  (Hezekiah^,  Joseph^  Joseph-,  Thomas^- 

b.  Aug.  2,  1802,  Saratoga  Co.,  N.  Y. ;  m. 1834,  Eochester, 

N.  Y.,  Ann  Stillwell,  b.  June  4,  1811,  New  Jersey;  d.  1902,  Cleve- 
land, 0.,  dau.  of  William  Stillwell  and  Elizabeth  Bachelder.  He 
engaged  with  his  brother,  Horatio,  and  stepbrother,  Orrin  Sage, 
in  the  shoe  business  at  Ballston,  and  then  at  Eochester,  N.  Y. 
Eem.  with  Horatio  to  Cleveland  where  they  conducted  a  shoe  busi- 
ness.    Eep.  Baptist;  d.  Apr.  15,  1879,  Cleveland. 


Children  : 
212     William  Stillwell,  b.  Feb.  10,  1835. 

Helen,  b.  Jan.  29,  1839 ;  m.  Fitch  Adams. 

89  Ensign  Daniel  Ranney^  Hamlin  (Lucretia*  Ranney,  Capt. 
DanieP,  Joseph%  Thomas^),  b.  July  23,  1755,  Middletown;  m. 
Aug.  1,  1779,  Ruth  Ward  (from  Ensign  William^  Ward).  Served 
in  8th  Co.,  Col.  Comfort  Sage's  3d  Battalion,  Brig.  Gen.  Wads- 
worth's  Brigade,  1776;  in  Col.  Samuel  Webb's  Regt.  serg.  May  24, 
1777;  ensign  May  16,  1778—1779;  rem.  to  New  Hartford,  N.  Y., 
where  he  died  1809. 

His  youngest  child  was  Daniel  Ranney^  Hamlin,  b.  Aug.  30, 
1800,  New  Hartford,  N.  Y.  He  rem.  to  BufEalo  where  he  assisted 
in  the  ceremonies  incident  to  the  reception  of  Gen.  Lafayette; 
d.  July  23,  1881.  His  fourth  child,  Harriet  Cornelia^  Hamlin,  b. 
Aug.  24,  1842,  Buffalo,  N.  Y.;  m.  there,  June  13,  1876,  Dr.  Du^^ald 
Macniel,  b.  1845,  Argyleshire,  Scotland.  Rep.,  Freemason,  A.  0. 
U.  W.,  Buffalo  Med.  Club ;  she  grad.  of  Buffalo  Seminary ;  Presby. ; 

D.   A.   R.     He  died   Mar. 1884.     Widow   resides   in   Buffalo, 

N.  Y.     Children: 

Caroline    Huntington,    b.    Apr.    3,    1877,    an    artist.      Res. 

Buffalo,  N.  Y. 
Elizabeth   Hamlin,  b.  June   18,   1881;  m.   Aug.   26,   1903, 
Charles  Morgan  Olmstead.  Ph.D.,  b.  Jan.  19,  1881,  LeRoy, 
N.  Y.,  son  of  John  Bryant  Olmstead.     Grad.  1903,  Har- 
vard.    Scientific  astronomer  at  the  Carnegie  Observatory, 
Mt.  Wilson,  Cal.     She  grad.  Smith  Coll.     Children:  Du- 
gald  Macniel,  b.  Mar.  21,  1904.     Germany.     John  Bar- 
ton, b.  July  5,  1905,  Germany. 

90  Esther^  Hamlin  (Lucretia*  Ranney,  DanieP,  Joseph^. 
Thomas^),  b.  July  10,  1759,  Middletown;  m.  Oct.  7,  1784,  Abner 
Hubbard,  b.  Mar.  10,  1750,  son  of  George  and  Mary  Hubbard. 
Serg.  MaJ.  in  Capt.  Warner's  Co.,  Col.  John  Durkee's  1st  Regt., 
Conn  Line,  Oct.  1,  1780— Dec.  31,  1781.  Pension,  June  21, 
1821,  signed  by  John  C.  Calhoun,  Sec'y  of  War.  Rem.  to  Nor- 
wich, Vt.,  where  he  d.  Mar.  13,  1834 ;  she  d.  July  23,  1836.  Of 
their  children : 

213     Gen.  Abner«  Hubbard,  b.  July  19,  1792. 

91  Mary'^     Hamlin     (Lucretia*     Ranney,     DanieP,     Joseph^ 


Mrs.    Zenana    Amelia    (Raxney)    Jones 
(See  page  Ml) 

Ives   William    Hart 

(See  page  229) 

Austin  Sherman  Raxney 
(See  page  449) 

Luke  Frank  Ranney 

(See   page   361) 

Rev.  C.  H.  W.  Stocking,  D.  D. 
(See  page  692) 


Thomas^),  b.  1760,  Middletown;  m.  Dec.  16,  1784,  Benj.  Gilbert, 
b.  July  29,  1760,  private  8th  Co.,  3d  Batt.  Wadsworth's  Brigade, 
pensioned.     She  d.  June  23,  1826;  he  d.  May  11,  1846,  of  their 

Mary  Gilbert,  b.  Oct.  11,  1785;  m.  Sept.  14,  1807,  Samuel 
Miller.     Children  : 
Dr.  Phineas  T.  Miller,  b.  May  3,  1810;  m.  Aug.  31.  1833, 
Elvira  Whitmore.    He  d.  at  sea,  Feb.  21,  1850.    CJiild: 
Ellen  Elvira,  b.  Sept.  14,  1837 ;   m.  Oct.  8,  1855,  Avery 
Case.     Child : 
Idella  Maria  Case,  b.  June  17,  1857 ;   m.  W.  W.  Wil- 
liams, who  d.  Mar.  7,  1900.     She  res.  Winsted,  Ct. 
Harriet  Gilbert  Miller,  b.  Mar.  3,  1812;  d.  Jan.  14,  1897; 
m.  May  14,  1840,  Daniel  Hall*  Hart.     Children: 
Ives  Williams,  b.  Oct.  4,  1841,  Meriden,  Conn. ;  m.  Nov. 
24,  1870,  Mrs.  Ellen  Lane,  dau.  of  Russell  and  Mabel 
(Munger)  Tooley,  b.  Mar.  7,  1840.     Ees.  Meriden,  Ct. 
Child:    Arthur  Miller,  b.  May  20,  1872;  m.  Nov.  18, 
1896,  Catherine  Jane  Owen,  b.  July  8,  1872.     Ees. 
Meriden,  Ct.   Child:   Owen  Stephen,  b.  Sept.  23,  1898. 
Ellen  Delia,  b.  Nov.  23,  1842,  unm.     Ees.  Meriden,  Ct. 
Edmund  Benjamin,  b.  Dec.  31,  1845;  d.  Jan.  26,  1905;  m. 
Sept.  23,  1878,  Harriet  Beecher  Denison,  b.  Dec.  24, 
1853,  d.  Jan.  26,  1889.     Children: 

Edmund  Denison,  b.  Oct.  26,  1879 ;  d.  July  28,  1882. 
Harriet  Edith,  b.  July  16,  1883;  m.  Oct.  19,  1904, 

Arthur  0.  Lamb.    Ees.  Greenfield,  Mass. 
Anna  Eliza,  b.  Jan.  20,  1889 ;  d.  Apr.  9,  1889. 
Albert  Denison,  b.  Jan.  20,  1889. 
Orrin  Gilbert,  b.  Apr.  9,  1793 ;  m.  June  7,  1832,  Mary  Bacon, 
b.  May  8,  1806. 

*  Daniel  Hall  Hart,  b.  June  19,  1815.  d.  Oct.  2,  1891,  was  the  son  of 
Samuel  Ives  Hart  and  Abigail  Hall. 

Samuel  Ives  Hart,  b.  Nov.  22,  1792.  d.  Sept.  10,  1870.  the  son  of 
Benjamin  Hart,  a  Rev.  soldier,  and  Jerusha  Rich,  was  an  industrious 
farmer,  a  deacon  of  the  First  Baptist  church  of  Meriden,  of  which  his 
wife  was  a  member.  • 

Abigail  Hall,  b.  Aug.  25,  1793,  d.  Dec.  12,  1875,  was  the  daughter  of 
Daniel  and  Elizabeth  Hall  and  the  great-granddaughter  of  Dr.  Isaac 
Hall,  one  of  Meriden's  earliest  physicians.  Isaac  Hall,  her  grandfather, 
served  in  the  Rev.  Army,  was  one  of  the  13  original  members,  and  the 
first  clerk  of  the  First  Baptist  church  of  Meriden. 

These  Halls  descended  from  Johni  Hall  of  Hartford,  New  Haven,  and 
Wallingford,  and  is  not  to  be  confounded  with  Johni  Hall,  Senior,  of 
Hartford  and  Middletown. 


Henry  Gilbert,  b.  Mar.  27,  1842;  m.    (2)    Nov.  26,  1874, 
Miranda  Wilcox.    Child: 

Lucy  Mary  Gilbert,  b.  Dec.   18,  1880;  m.  Jan.  1,  1901, 
Chas.  A.  Congdon.     Pes.  Middletown,  Ct.     Child: 
Frederick  Gilbert   Congdon, 

92  William"  Ranney  (Jonathan*,  Jonathan^,  Joseph^, 
Thomas^),,  b.  Nov.  30,  1783,  Middletown,  Ct.;  m.  Nov.  16,  1808, 
Clarissa  Gaylord,  b.  Jan.  22,  1789,  Upper  Houses,  dau,  of  Samuel 
Gaylord,  a  Rev.  patriot,  and  Azubah  Atkins.  He  was  a  sea  captain 
and  was  lost  at  sea  Feb.,  1829.  She  was  adm.  Dec.  7,  1827,  to  the 
South  Cong.  Ch.  of  Middletown  and  d.  Dec.  16,  1863. 

213a  Clarissa  Gaylord,  b.  Aug.  26,  1809 ;  m.  Aug.  3,  1838,  Zebu- 
Ion  Hale  Baldwin,  died  in  Friendship,  N.  Y.,  Aug.  14, 
1886.     Child: 
William  Ranney,  b.  Oct.  24,  1840;    grad.  1862,  Wesleyan 
Uni. ;    m.  Sept.  15,  1863,  Laura  Malinda  Prior.     He 
was  ord.   Apr.   17,   1877 ;    pastor   5   yrs.   of  Baptist 
Ch.,    Oxford,    N.    Y.      Held   various   parishes  ■  until 
Dec.  21,  1896,  when  health  failed.     Died  June  26, 
1906,  Friendship,  N.  Y.  Widow  res.  Friendship,  N.  Y. 
One  child. 
214    William,  b.  May  9,  1813. 

Richard  Atkins,  b.  Aug.  29,  1815;  d.  unm.  Jan.  13,  1859. 
Elizabeth  Nott,  b.  July  27,  1822;  d.  June  29,  1874;  m.  Mar. 
21,  1868,  John  Drake  of  Middletown. 

93  Margaret"  Ranney  (Ebenezer*,  Ebenezer^,  Ebenezer-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Dec.  23,  1774,  Upper  Houses,  bapt.  Jan.  1,  1775; 
m.  Aug.  24,  1801,  Capt.  John  Keith,  b.  Dec.  4,  1775,  d.  at  sea 
1803,  eldest  son  of  William  Keith  and  Polly  Lions  Callahan,  b. 
in  Cork,  Ireland.  In  1799  Capt.  Keith  purchased  the  1761  house 
built  by  John^  Sage.  It  became  his  home  at  marriage  in  1801. 
Since  then  it  has  been  the  Ranney-Adams  homestead,  having  de- 
scended in  the  female  line  to  the  present  occupants.  Nov.  6,  1805. 
the  widow  m.  Capt.  John  Collins  who  was  lost  at  sea  in  1813.  In 
that  year  her  young  nephew,  James  Ranney,  became  her  child  as  if 
by  adoption  and  they  were  not  separated  till  her  death  on  Thanks- 
giving Day,  1869,  falling  that  year  on  Nov.  19,  almost  95  years 
of  age.  She  was  in  her  early  widowhood  noted  for  her  care  of 
the  neighboring  sick.  For  over  30  years  she  sat  in  winter  by  the 
fire  without  a  care  and  without  a  frown,  beloved  by  the  grand- 


children  of  her  protege.  After  the  age  of  80  she  had  no  need  to 
call  a  physician.  On  the  day  of  her  death  she  ate  breakfast  with 
the  family  and  spoke  of  the  home  coming  of  the  Adams  children 
to  the  feast.  Then  she  laid  herself  down  to  rest  and  gently 
breathed  her  last.  As  they  approached  the  house  the  crape  on  the 
door  startled  the  children,  not  knowing  what  it  betokened.  As 
she  lay  in  her  coffin  there  was  not  a  wrinkle  on  her  placid  face. 
Her  only  child,  Margaret  Collins,  b.  Dec.  6,  1810,  d.  Nov.  20.  1895, 
unm.,  having  lived  from  birth  to  death  under  the  one  roof. 

94  James"  Eanney  (Ebenezer*,  Ebenezer',  Ebenezer^, 
Thomas^),  bapt.  Nov.  10,  1782,  Upper  Houses;  m.  May  13,  1802, 
Epis.  Ch.  Middletown,  Elizabeth  Collins  Keith,  b.  May  22,  1782, 
Middletown,  dau.  of  William  Keith  and  Polly  Lions  Callahan. 
His  father  built  for  him  the  "  Bugbee  "  house  on  the  north  quarter 
of  the  original  Eanney  homestead.  He  was  a  sea  captain  and  died 
on  his  ship,  Jan.  23,  1805  "  in  Carolina."  The  widow  d.  of  con- 
sumption Sept.  11,  1813.  She  gave  her  son  James  to  his  aunt 
Margaret  Eanney  Collins,  and  her  son  William  to  his  grandfather. 

Children  : 
William  Keith,  bapt.  Apr.  14,  1805 ;    unm. ;    drowned  from 
a  vessel,  Aug.  12,  1839. 
215     James,  b.  Feb.  17,  1805. 


95  Moses^  Ranney  (Thomas  Stow^  Jeremiah*,  Thomas', 
Thomas^,  Thomas^),  b.  May  14,  1799,  Brentwood,  N.  H.;  m.  Jan. 
26,  1826,  North  Newport,  Me.,  Hannah  Reed  Steward,  b.  July 
22,  1805,  Norridgewock,  Me.;  d.  June  30,  1892,  Stetson,  Me., 
dau.  of  Thomas  Steward  and  Nancy  Bicknell.  Farmer;  Rep.; 
Univ.     He  d.  June  15,  1877,  Stetson,  Me. 

GlztlUfTBTl  * 

Thomas  Stow,  b.  July  19,  1827;  d.  Apr.   23,  1877,  unm. 

216  Moses  Hook,  b.  June  27,  1830. 

217  Stephen  Steward,  b.  Jan.  30,  1833. 

Nancv  Steward,  b.  Jan.  30,  1833,  unm.     Res.  Bangor,  Me. 
Hannah  Jane,  b.   July   26,   1839;  m.   Henry   Johnson;  d. 
Dec.   22,   1870.     No   children. 

218  Laura  Albina,  b.  Mar.  12,  1846;  m.  Chas.  W.  Crockett. 

96  Hannah^  Ranney  (Thomas  Stow^  Jeremiah*,  Thomas% 
Thomas^  Thomas^),  b.  Sept.  4,  1801,  Brentwood,  N.  H.;  m.  Sept. 
6,  1821,  Stetson,  Me.,  Samuel  Stetson,  b.  Jan.  12,  1793,  Randolph, 
Mass.;  Whig;  farmer.  He  d.  1853,  Stetson,  Me.  She,  Baptist, 
d.  1876,  Stetson,  Me. 

Cliildren : 
Irene,  b.  Aug.  8,  1822;  m.  Ralph  C.  Eveleth. 

219  Rebecca,  b.  Sept.  13,  1824;  m.  Henry  V.  French. 

Nancy,  b.  May  23,  1827;  m.  (1)  Dr.  J.  H.  Turner;  (2)  F. 

0.  Howard. 
Samuel  Ranney,  b.  Apr.  5,  1834;  d. ■ — ,  Augusta,  Me. 

97  Thomas  Stow«  Ranney  (Thomas  Stow^  Jeremiah*, 
Thomas^  Thomas^,  Thomas^),  b.  Dec.  7,  1810,  Brentwood,  N. 
H.;  m.,  1836,  Stetson,  Me..  Sarah  Allen,  b.  Nov.  3,  1812,  Stetson, 
Me. ;  dau.  of  Thorndike  Allen  and  Sarah  Cole.  Rep. ;  Univ.  He  d. 
Mar.  19,  1868,  Winn,  Me.     She  d.  Sept.  18,  1890,  Winn,  Me. 

219a  George  Stetson,  b.  Feb.  28,  1840. 
Hannah  Hook,  b.   1842. 

220  Irene  Stetson,  b.  Mar.  13,  1856;  m.  Wm.  E.  Young.     Res. 

Portland,  Me. 



220a  Thorndike  Allen,  b.  Oct.  28,  1857. 

98  Nathan^  Eanney  (Nathan",  Jeremiah*,  Thomas^  Thomas^, 
Thomas^),  b.  Apr.  27,  1797,  Bethl£hem,  Conn.;  m.  Oct.  31,  1827, 
St.  Louis,  Mo.,  Amelia  Jane  Shai:ford,  b.  July  26,  1809,  Ports- 
mouth. N.  H.;  d.  Feb.  18,  1882.  St.  Louis,  Mo.,  dau.  of  John 
Shackford  and  Jane  Smallcorn.  He  d.  Aug.  21,  1876,  Montreal, 
Canada,  while  on  a  visit  there. 

At  sixteen  years  of  age  he  enlisted  in  the  war  against  England 
against  the  remonstrance  of  his  friends  and  refused  a  discharge 
which  his  uncle,  Lieut.  Col.  Stephen  Eanney  of  the  4th  U.  S.  In- 
fantry, offered  to  obtain  for  him. 

This  desire  of  serving  his  country  in  battle  was  soon  gratified 
for  he  "was  one  of  three  hundred  Americans  who  cut  their  way 
through  a  greatly  superior  British  force  near  Plattsburgh,  and  was 
one  of  the  forlorn  hope  who  crossed  the  Saranac  river  under  the 
range  of  a  British  battery  to  a  thick  underbrush  of  dry  pine.  He 
was  severely  wounded  in  this  gallant  exploit;  but  in  a  little  while 
after,  wishing  to  distinguish  himself  by  an  act  still  more  daring, 
he  took  twenty  choice  men,  and  in  the  dead  hour  of  the  night 
successfully  surprised  a  town  in  possession  of  a  large  British  force, 
and  carried  off  three  prisoners  of  rank,  without  the  loss  of  a 
single  man. 

"  The  gallant  bearing  of  young  Eanney  soon  won  for  him  the 
respect  of  his  commanding  officers,  and  he  was  quickly  promoted, 
first  as  sergeant,  and  afterwards  as  provost  marshal ;  and  his  con- 
duct throughout  the  whole  war  showed  that  patriotism  alone  in- 
fluenced his  services,  and  not  a  love  for  military  promotion.  A 
few  years  after  leaving  the  army,  desirous  of  making  for  himself 
a  name  and  fortune,  he  came  to  St.  Louis  in  1819  and  commenced 
commercial  pursuits. 

"  In  the  year  1827,  two  important  events  occurred  in  his  life, 
and  which  have  greatly  administered  to  his  happiness — he  married 
in  that  year  Miss  Amelia  J.  Shackford — and  became  likewise 
wedded  to  the  Presbyterian  Church.  His  marriage  has  been 
blessed  with  a  large  family  of  children,  and  in  the  church  of  which 
he  is  such  an  efficient  member,  he  has  long  been  an  elder. 

"  Though  born  in  an  Eastern  State,  and  under  a  cold  clime. 
General  Eanney  is  neither  a  Northern  nor  a  Southern  maniac,  but 
a  conservative  man,  and  his  heart  is  as  warm  as  a  summer's  sun. 
In  1836,  General  Eanney  was  appointed  by  Governor  Dunklin, 
Brigadier-General  in  the  Missouri  Militia.  In  1842,  he  was  presi- 
dent pro  tempore  of  the  Board  of  Aldermen  [of  St.  Louis]  and 
for  years  president  of  the  board  of  Public  Schools,     In  1851    he 


delivered  an  eloquent  address  at  Burlington,  Iowa,  declaring  him- 
self a  Union  man.  In  1855,  he  addressed  the  convention  of  the 
soldiers  of  1812  at  Philadelphia.  In  1856,  he  spoke  at  a  large 
American  meeting  in  St.  Louis;  and  there  are  very  few  his  equal 
in  a  stump  speech.  In  1857,  when  the  financial  panic  caused  the 
money  of  other  states  to  be  refused,  he  called  a  meeting  of  mer- 
chants, and  restored  confidence  in  foreign  currency,  and  thereby 
saved  many  frightened  individuals  from  falling  a  prey  to  the 
money  sharks,  who,  on  such  occasions,  are  always  ready  to  make  a 
glorious  feast. 

"In  his  military  career  General  Ranney  showed  himself  ready 
and  fearless  in  action,  patriotic  in  his  aims,  and  kind  and  sympa- 
thizing as  a  soldier  and  as  an  oificer.  In  political  life  he  is  never 
violent,  but  while  he  is  firm  and  frank  in  the  expression  of  his 
principles,  he  is  at  all  times  courteous  to  all  holding  opinions  differ- 
ing from  his  own.  In  the  civil  positions  which  he  has  filled  he 
has  been  marked  for  his  attention,  his  industry,  and  his  clear  and 
discriminating  judgment;  and  any  office  he  holds,  he  never  makes 
it  a  sinecure,  but  holds  it  as  a  responsible  trust,  and  attends,  with 
the  most  scrupulous  exactness,  to  its  minutest  details.  As  a  friend 
he  is  confiding  an^  generous;  and  as  a  merchant,  his  present 
affluence,  gathered  amid  uncertain  fiuctuations  of  commercial  life, 
is  an  evidence  of  the  possession  of  the  requisites  adapted  to  that 
respectable   but  precarious   pursuit. 

"  With  the  exception  of  Mr.  Henry  Von  Phul,  senior.  General 
Ranney  is  the  oldest  merchant  in  St.  Louis  now  living,  and  the 
store  and  warehouse  of  Shackford  and  Ranney  were,  for  a  long 
time,  the  only  buildings  of  the  kind  on  the  levee,  consequently,  he 
has  been  a  resident  of  St.  Louis  from  its  infancy,  and  his  exertions 
and  example  have  helped  its  growth  and  assisted  its  advance. 
Though  upward  of  threescore  years  of  age,  from  his  regular  life 
he  is  still  hale  and  vigorous,  and  is  now  the  cashier  and  general 
agent  of  the  St.  Louis,  Cairo  and  New  Orleans  Railroad  line  of 
steamers,  and  is  always  to  be  found,  during  business  hours  giving 
his  attention  to  the  important  position  he  knows  so  well  how  to 
fill.  He  is  president  of  the  Missouri  Bible  Society,  and  in  all  of 
the  relations  of  his  diversified  life  there  is  not  a  stain  resting  upon 
his  character." — Froin  Edwards'  "  Great  West." 

He  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the  Missouri  Historical  Society, 
1866,  and  its  second  president  from  1869  to  1872. 

Children : 
John  Shackford,  b.  July  31,  1828;  d.  Sept.  22,  1837. 


Ann  Augusta,  b.  Aug.  24,  1830;  d.  June  28,  1831. 

Louisa  Jane  Hawthorne,  b.   Feb.   17,   1832;  m.  James  H. 

Julia  Kingsbury,  b.  Sept.  2,  1834;  m.  James  R.  Garniss. 

221  Maria  Kerr,  b.  Nov.  14,  1836;  m.  Chas.  W.  Hale. 
John  Shackford,  b.  Nov.  13,  1838;  d.  Apr.  5,  1839. 
Nathan  William,  b.  Feb.  27,  1840;  d.  June  17,  1845. 

John  Shackford,  b.  July  22,  1842;  d.  July  22,  1842. 

Ann   Amelia   Shackford,   b.   Dec.    12,   1843;   m.   James   H. 

222  Charlotte  Ella,  b.  Nov.  24,  1845;  m.  George  J.  Cochran. 
Howard,  b.  Sept.  12,  1848. 

Gertrude,  b.  Dec.  13,  1850;  m.  James  F.  Armstrong.     Res. 

Crawbrook,    British    Columbia. 
John  Mudgett,  b.  Oct.  16,  1653 ;  d.  Sept.  20,  1866. 
Cornelia  Shackford,  b.  Feb.  17,  1856;  d.  July  25,  1856. 

99  Nathaniel    Cole^   Ranney    (Nathan^,   Jeremiah*,    Thomas', 

Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  ;    m.  Minerva  Merritt,  dau.  of 

Peter  Merritt  of  Fair  Haven,  Vt.  He  rem.  1831,  to  Angelica,  N.  Y. 
Thence  about  1861  to  Marshall,  Mich.     Children: 

Harriet,  b. ;  m.  East.     Res.  Marshalltown,  la. 

Harrison   Dayton,   b. .     Res.   Weston,    Ohio.     Chil- 
dren : 

Charles  Caton.     Res.  Sacramento,  Cal. 

Albert  Dayton.     Res.  Blue  Hills,  Nev. 

Harrison  W.     Res.  Kansas  City,  Kan. 

Mary  A.,  m. Hobart.     Res.  Riverton,  Neb. 

Edwin  C.     Business,  27  Pearl  St.,  N.  Y.  City. 

Harriet  Elizabeth,  m.  —  Langley.     Res.  Bayonne,  N.  J. 

Florence  Minerva,  unm.     Res,  Bayonne,  N.  J. 
Julia,  b.  Jan.  26,  1842. 

223  Julius  Merritt,  b.  Jan.  26,  1842. 

100  Caleb  Barnes^  Ranney  (Nathan^  Jeremiah*,  Thomas^ 
Thomas^,  Thomas^),  b.  1807,  Whitehall,  N.  Y.;  m.  Charlotte  Kit- 
tredge,  b.  Salem,  Mass.,  dau.  of  Oliver  Xittredge  and  Mary  Hamil- 
ton.    Farmer. 

Children  : 

Mary,  b.  May  5,  1832,  Fair  Haven,  Vt;  d.  Jan.  10,  1895; 
m.  Feb.  12,  1856,  Reuben  Trowbridge  Ellis,  b.  Dec.  27, 
1827,  Fair  Haven,  Vt.;  d.  June  16,  1898.  Hampton, 
N.  Y. ;    farmer.     Children: 


Charles    Eanney,    b.    Oct.    13,    1856;    m.    May    7,    1877, 
Round  Lake,  N.  Y.,  Mabel  Francis  Wilson,  b.  May  7, 
1877,  dau.  of  Albert  Wilson  and  Mary  Jane  Miller. 
Res.  Fair  Haven,  Vt.     Children: 
Marv  Pearl,  b.  Kov.  27,  1898. 
Albert  Reuben,  b.   May  31,   1900. 
Oliver    Kittredge,   b.    Mar.    8,    1834,    Fair    Haven    Vt. ;    m. 
(1)    Jennie    Moore,    (2)    Bessie    Moore,    sisters,    daus. 
of  John  and  Eliza  Moore.     Children: 

Hattie,  b. ;  m.  John  H.  Williams.     Res.  Rutland, 

Herbert   K,   b. ;   m.    Emily    Knight.     Res.    Way- 
land,  Mass. 

Charles  M,  b. ;  unm.,  lawyer.     Res.  Boston,  Mass. 

Fred  Oliver,  b.  Nov.  22,  1872;  m.  Sept.  1,  1901,  Annie 
Lacey,  b.  1874.  Rep.;  Meth.;  I.  0.  0.  F. ;  farmer. 
Res.  Windsor,  A''t. 

Arthur  Edward,  b. ;   unm.     Res.  West  Windsor, 


101  Martha  Patty"  Ranney  (Solomon^  Jeremiah*,  Thomas^ 
Thomas^  Thomas^), "b.  Apr.  is,  1786,  Bethlehem,  Ct.;  m.  Aug. 
13,  1804,  Harvey  Davis,  b.  Apr.  28,  1780;  d.  Feb.  6,  1861.  She  d. 
Mar.  6,  1876,  Kortright,  J^.  Y. 

Polly,  b.  Jan.  27,  1806. 
John,  b.  Feb.  4,  1808;  d.  Sept.  20,  1880. 
Eliza,  b.  July  4,  1812;  d.  Apr.  18,  1838. 
Jacob,  b.  Nov.  10,  1814;  d.  Apr.  28,  1838. 

224  William,  b.  Jan.  1,  1817. 
Solomon,  b.  Sept.  4,  1819. 
Catherine,  b.  Aug.  13,  1821. 

Harvey,  b.   May  2,   1824;  d.   Sept.   23,   1897. 
Ferris,  b.  Aug."  24,  1826 ;  d. ,  1892. 

225  Andrew  Jackson,  b.  Nov.  24,  1828. 

Stephen,  b.  Aug.  4,  1832;  d.  Dec.  18,  1891;  m.  Oct.  9,  1856, 
Ellen  Aitkin. 

102  Jeremiah  Ranney"  (Stephen^  Jeremiah*,  Thomas^, 
Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  Jan.  15,  1786,  Bethlehem,  Conn.;  m. 
Jan.  1,  1810,  Susan  Beach,  b.  Feb.  7,  1787;  d.  Oct.  27,  1821, 
near  Jackson,  Mo.  He  was  a  farmer  residing  at  Bethlehem, 
Conn. ;  Hartwick,  N.  Y. ;  and  d.  Mar.  18,  1855,  Jackson,  Mo. 


Children : 

226  Koyal,  b.  Dec.  10,  1810. 

Susan  Beach,  b.   Feb.  20.  1812;  d. ,   1855. 

227  Johnson,  b.  Jan.  15,  1814. 
Jeremiah,  b.  Feb.  27,  1816. 

Asahel  Beach,  b.  Sept.  20,  1818;  d. ,  1855. 

103  Johnson"  Eanney  (Stephen^,  Jeremiah*,  Thomas', 
Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  Dec.  19,  1789,  Litchfiekl,  Conn.;  m.  (1) 
June  21,  1832,  Mary  Carter  Gayle,  b.  Aug.  7,  1808;  d.  Apr.  6, 
1833;  m.  (2)  June  11,  1835,  Emily  Neale,  b.  May  15,  1810. 

He  was  appointed  an  ensign  in  the  4th  U.  S.  Infantry  May  19, 
1812,  and  accepted  from  Salisbury,  Conn.,  June  7,  1812;  was 
promoted  to  the  grade  of  second  lieutenant,  same  regiment,  May 
30,  1813;  first  lieutenant  of  the  same  regiment,  June  28,  1814, 
and  was  honorably  discharged  the  service  June  15,  1815.  In 
the  same  year  he  went  to  Jackson,  Mo.,  and  began  the  prac- 
tice of  the  law,  but  there  was  prejudice  even  then,  against  him  as 
a  "  Yankee."  By  economy,  diligence,  hard  study  and  natural 
ability  he  accumulated  what  was  considered  a  fortune  in  those 
days.  While  not  an  orator  he  had  a  thorough  knowledge  of  law, 
an  analytical  turn  of  mind,  a  faculty  for  questioning  a  witness. 
He  stood  with  Greer  Davis,  Gen.  English,  Gen.  Nathaniel  Watkins 
(half  brother  to  Henry  Clay),  Gen.  Buckner,  of  Indiana  and 
Thomas  H.  Benton,  of  Mo.  Gen.  Buckner  on  returning  to  In- 
diana said  to  Gen.  Stephen  Ranney  of  his  son  Johnson.  "  He  is 
the  best  lawyer  in  Missouri  except  myself."  His  courage  was 
shown  in  defending  a  penniless  negro  charged  with  murder — and 
liable  to  be  mobbed  for  so  doing. 

In  his  personal  appearance  he  was  unprepossessing,  amounting 
to  ugliness.  It  is  related  of  him  that  while  going  on  horseback 
from  Jackson,  Mo.,  to  New  Madrid,  Mo.,  to  attend  court,  he  was 
hailed  by  a  lady  who  without  ceremony  began  to  relate  her  troubles. 
As  soon  as  he  discerned  the  tendency  of  her  remarks  he  informed 
her  that  she  should  speak  to  Judge  Cook  of  the  Circuit  Court. 
"  Why,"  she  said,  "  you  are  Judge  Cook."  "  No,  madam,  I  am 
Johnson  Ranney."  "  Well,"  she  replied,  "  I  was  told  to  watch  the 
road  this  morning  for  the  ugliest  man  I  ever  saw  and  you  are 
that  man." 

He  was  somewhat  negligent  of  his  attire  and  while  arguing  an 
important  case  before  the  Supreme  Court  one  of  the  judges  rep- 
rimanded him  for  disrespect  to  the  court  in  appearing  before  it 
in  such  slovenly  attire.  The  next  morning  Mr.  Eanney  appeared 
in  court  dressed  like  a  dandy.     "  May  it  please  the  court "  he  said 


as  he  resumed  the  argnment,  "  before  proceeding  I  should  like  to 
know  if  the  fastidious  taste  of  the  court  interposes  any  obstacle 
to  my  recognition."  Eccentric  and  peculiar  in  many  of  his  ways 
he  was  an  affectionate  husband  and  father  and  after  his  own 
father's  death  in  1837  he  cared  for  his  younger  brothers  as  though 
they  were  his  own  children.  In  politics  he  was  a  Whig.  He 
died  Nov.  11,  1849,  Jackson,  Mo. 

Children : 

228  Johnson    Camp,   b.   June    15,    1836. 

Thomas  Neale,  b.  Sept.  19.  1837;  law  student  at  Harvard, 
1860,  killed,  1865,  by  Federal  troops  after  he  had  sur- 

229  Mary  Gayle,  b.  Jan.  7,  1840 ;  m.  John  Beardslee. 
Warren  Davis,  b.  Dec.  31,  1841;  d.  Apr.  24,  1842. 
Ellen  Davis,  b.  Sept.  12,  1844;  d.  Jan.  29,  1845. 

104  Hannah  Cooper^  Eanney  (Stephen',  Jeremiah*,  Thomas^, 
Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  Jan.  11,  1811,  Litchfield,  Ct.;  m.  Willis 
McGuire.     She  d.  in  Jackson,  Mo. ;  he  in  Chico,  Texas. 


William  Eanney,  b. ;  m. .     Children: 

William    Sanford,   John   Eanney,   Eobert   Lee.     Ees. 
Chico,  Texas. 

105  William  Caton'^  Eanney  (Stephen^,  Jeremiah*,  Thomas^, 
Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  Feb.  20,  1815,  Whitehall,  N.  Y.;  m.  Dec. 
10,  1846.  Maplewood,  Mo.,  Elizabeth  Giboney,  b.  July  11,  1818, 
Maplewood,  Mo.,  dau.  of  Eobert  Giboney  and  Ann  Dunn.  Eobert 
Giboney  had  been  granted  a  large  tract  of  land  near  Cape  Girar- 
deau by  the  Spanish  government  because  of  the  fact  that  he  was 
a  blacksmith. 

William  Caton  Eanney  came  from  Jeffersonville,  Ind.,  in  1825 
to  Jackson,  Mo.,  locating  on  a  farm  one  and  a  half  miles  north 
of  that  place.  He  secured  a  good  common  school  education,  which 
was  supplemented  with  a  course  at  St.  Mary's  College  in  Perry 
County,  Mo.  When  twelve  years  of  age  he  secured  a  position  in 
the  office  of  the  Circuit  Clerk  and  when  fifteen  years  of  age  was 
appointed  Deputy  Circuit  Clerk  of  Cape  Girardeau  County  which 
he  held  for  a  number  of  years,  after  which  he  read  law  with  his 
brother  Johnson  Eanney.  Was  admitted  to  the  bar  about  1840. 
First  located  at  New  Madrid,  Mo.,  remaining  there  about  a  year. 
He  then  located  at  Benton,  Mo.,  remaining  there  about  two  years. 


when  his  brother  Johnson  offered  him  a  partnership  which  he  ac- 
cepted, holding  it  until  his  brother's  death  in  1848.  Continued 
his  practice  of  his  profession,  attending  all  Courts  in  Southeast 
Missouri,  going  from  one  County  to  another,  on  horseback,  then 
almost  the  only  means  of  travel  here,  until  the  establishment  of 
the  Cape  Girardeau  Court  of  Common  Pleas  of  Cape  Girardeau 
County  by  act  of  the  Legislature  of  1852  when  he  was  named  as 
the  first  Judge  and  which  office  he  continued  to  holtd  by  succes- 
sive election  until  the  outbreak  of  the  Civil  War. 

His  first  vote  was  cast  with  the  Whig  party  and  his  last  before 
hostilities  began  between  the  States  was  cast  for  Bell  and  Everett. 
He  was  strenuously  opposed  to  secession,  but  after  being  robbed  of 
his  property  and  imprisoned  in  the  dark  cellar  of  the  Court  House 
in  which  he  had  presided,  by  the  party  with  which  he  affiliated,  he 
joined  the  Democratic  party,  and  as  such  was  elected  in  1871  to  the 
State  Senate  to  fill  a  vacancy  caused  by  the  death  of  Senator 
George  H.  Green,  making  the  race  against  two  Democrats  and  one 
Eepublican,  and  wanning  out  by  a  good  majority. 

After  the  expiration  of  his  term  in  the  Senate  his  friends  in- 
sisted on  his  becoming  a  candidate  for  Representative  and  to  this 
he  was  elected  and  served  one  term.  He  was  made  a  member  of 
St.  Mark's  Lodge,  F.  A.  M.  in  1848.  He  died  Feb.  28,  1898, 
Cape  Girardeau,  Mo.     She  d.  Jan.  9,  1900. 

Stephen,  b.  Oct.  4,  1847,  after  attending  the  local  school 
was  for  four  years  a  student  of  the  Kentucky  Military  In- 
stitute. In  1871  became  a  civil  engineer  in  the  employ 
of  the  Illinois  Central  R.  E.  Co.,  whereby  he  contracted 
the  ague  resulting  in  a  cold  which  caused  his  death  Feb. 
27,  1875. 

230  Eobert    Giboney,   b.    Dec.    15,    1849. 

231  William  Alexander,  b.  Dec.  23,  1852. 

232  Herbert  Hathorne,  b.  Nov.  14,  1855. 

106  John  Hathorne^  Eanney  (Stephen'',  Jeremiah*,  Thomas^, 
ThomasS  Thomas^),  b.  Feb.  5,  1818;  Charleston,  Ind.;  m.  Mar. 
25,  1847,  Benton,  Mo.,  Clarissa  Waters,  b.  Nov.  12,  1831,  Tywap- 
pity  Bottoms,  Mo.,  dau.  of  John  Waters  and  Laura  Ann  Spear. 
She  d.  Mar.  8,  1848,  Benton,  Mo.;  m.  (2)  Aug.  8,  1850,  Caroline 
Wall,  b.  Apr.  15,  1821,  Cape  Girardeau,  Mo.;  d.  May  20,  1902, 
Commerce,  Mo.  At  the  age  of  seven  his  father  removed  to  Jack- 
son, Mo.  From  the  age  of  nine  on  his  father's  death  he  lived  with 
his  brother,  Col.  Johnson  Eanney,  and  learned  the  trade  of  a  tan- 


ner  at  the  "Old  Tan  Yard"  near  Jackson.  When  he  reached  his 
majority  he  started  a  tan  yard.  In  a  few  years  he  removed  to  a 
farm  near  Kelso,  but  at  the  outbreaking  of  the  Civil  War  he  re- 
moved his  family  for  safety  to  Jackson,  returning  to  the  farm  in 
1865,  where  he  remained  till  death.  He  was  a  man  of  firmness 
and  character,  with  many  virtues.  Returning  with  a  friend  one 
night  from  a  cider  mill,  they  saw  some  ghosts  in  the  cemetery. 
His  companion  fled.  He  walked  up  to  the  ghost  and  as  he  raised 
a  bottle  of  cider  to  strike  the  ghost  cried  out,  "  Don't  strike,  John, 
Don't  Strike." 

At  the  outbreak  of  the  Civil  War  a  gang  of  outlaws  went  to 
his  house  to  murder  him.  One  ball  grazed  his  scalp.  He  grabbed 
an  axe  and  charged  the  gang  and  put  them  to  flight.  On  one  oc- 
casion a  candidate  for  office  seeking  his  support  said  to  him,  "  Mr. 
Ranney,  you  have  known  me  all  my  life,"  And  the  answer  was, 
"  Yes,  and  that  is  the  reason  I  won't  vote  for  you."  He  d.  Jan. 
14,  1884,  Kelso,  Mo. 

Child  hy  1st  marriage: 
John   Hathorne,   b. ^ ,    1848';   d.    1869. 

Children  hy  2d  marriage: 

233  Clarissa  Waters,  b. ,  1850;  m.  Joseph  T.  Anderson. 

234  Amelia,  b.  Sept.  10,  1853,  m.  Reese  G.  Applegate. 

235  Caroline  Wall,  b.  Oct.  13,  1854;  m.  Wm.  McKnight. 

236  James  Parham,  b.  Feb.  17,  1857. 

Elizabeth,  b. ;  d.  infancy. 

Charles,  b. ;  d.  infancy. 

David,  b. ;  d.  young. 

107  Polly''  Ranney  (Julius^  Jeremiah*,  Thomas^,  Thomas-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Sept.  14,  1790,  Bethlehem,  Conn.;  m.  Jan.,  1809, 
Bethlehem,  Conn.,  Iram  Hawes,  b.  Sept.  20,  1786;  d.  Oct.  20, 
1869,  Cleveland,  0.;  Rep.;  Presby. ;  farmer  in  Danby,  IST.  Y.  till 
1836,  when  he  rem.  to  Chester,  0.;  rem.  1860  to  Cleveland.  She 
d.  Feb.  14,  1859,  Chester,  0. 

Children : 
Marietta,  b.  Jan.   14.  1810;  m.  Daniel  Ennis. 
Isaac,  b.  Sept.  24,  1811;  d.  Dec.  21,  1811. 
Hannah,  b.  Oct.  5,  1812;  m.  Edward  Kingman. 
Jerusha,  b.  July  28,  1814;  m.  John  Packard. 
Cornelia,  b.  Nov.  6,  1816;  d.  July  30,  1838. 
Oliver,  b.  Jan.  20,  1819;  m.  Sarah  Bassett. 




Susan,  b.  Feb.  20,  1822;  d.  1901;  m.  Geo.  W.  Lyncle. 
Pollv,  b.  Feb.  23,  1827;  d.  Feb.  14,  1859;  m.  Win.  Backus. 
237     Harriet  Palmer,  b.  June  27,  1832;  m.  James  T.  Wilson. 

108  Lucy®  Ranney  (Julius^  Jeremiah*,  Thomas^  ThomasS 
Thomas^),  b.  July  19,  1794,  Warren,  Conn.;  m.  Dec.  22,  1811, 
Warren,  Conn.,  Rev.  Urban^  Palmer  (EzekieP,  SamueP,  Samuel*, 
SamueP,  Jonas%  Walter^),  b.  July  7.  1787,  Kent,  Conn.  He 
entered  the  ministry  and  settled  in  Danby,  New  York,  in  1812. 
Went  to  Western  Reserve,  0.,  for  the  Society  of  Evangelization, 
finally  settled  in  Chester,  0.,  where  he  d.  Nov.  3,  1847.  She  d. 
Nov.    16,    1838.      (See   Palmer    Groups). 

Children  : 

Chester,  b.  Dec.  13,  1812;  m.  Apr.  15,  1835,  Achsah  Smith 
Melvin;  5th  child  was  Lowell  Mason,  b.  Mar.  11,  1845, 
P.  0.  address,  184  Front  St.,  N.  Y.  City,  compiler  of 
"  Palmer  Groups." 

Harriet,  b.  May  10.  1815;  d.  June  23,  1831. 

Jerusha,  b.  Feb.  2,  1818;  d.  Oct.  10,  1819. 

Chalmers,  b.  Oct.  12,  1821;  d.  July  16,  1826. 

Julius  Ranney,  b.  Feb.  11,  1827;  d.  Feb.  25,  1830. 

Julius  Chalmers,  b.  July  9,  1829;  d.  Feb.  25,  1830. 

Emeline,  b.  Apr.  10,  1831;  d.  May  12,  1832. 

Edward  Payson,  b.  Sept.  16,  1833;  m.  Delia  Green. 

109  Oliver®  Ranney  (Julius^  Jeremiah*,  Thomas^  Thomas^ 
Thomas^),  b.  September  16,  1796,  Bethlehem,  Conn.;  m.  Sept.  7, 
1820,  Chester,  0.,  Lynda  Adams,  b.  May  23,  1800,  Genoa.  N.  Y. ; 
d.  Oct.  7,  1887,  Chester,  0.,  dau.  of  Samuel  Adams  and  Amy  Bos- 
worth.  Rep.;  Presby. ;  farmer.  He  rem.  1819  to  Chester,  0., 
where  he  died  Sept.  19,  1876.  The  following  was  printed  at  the 
time  of  his  death : 

"Died  at  Mulberry  Corners,  Geauga  County,  Ohio,  Sept,  14, 
1876,  Mr.  Oliver  Ranney,  in  the  80th  year  of  his  life,  leaving  a 
widowed  companion,  with  whom  he  had  walked  in  loving  and 
helpful  companionship  for  fifty-six  years;  leaving  also  one  son  and 
two  daughters,  having  gathered  them  about  his  bed  to  receive 
his  dying  and  Christian  benediction;  leaving  also  grandchildren, 
who  now  will  have  to  say,  '  We  had  a  grandfather  who  feared  God 
for  many  years,  and  who,  dying,  asked  us  all  to  meet  him  in 
heaven';  leaving  also  a  community  in  which,  for  a  period  of  58 
years,  he  has  been  an  upright,  worthy  and  leading  citizen,  now 


bereft  of  another  of  its  pioneers;  leaving  a  church  to  mourn  him, 
with  whose  interests  he  has,  for  forty-four  years,  been  identified." 

Children : 
Emily  Adams,  b.  Jan.  29,  1824;  m.  Feb.  2,  1842,  Elihu 
Oliver  Lyman,  b.  June  12,  1817;  d.  Apr.  7,  1882.  She  d. 
Apr.  19,  1901.  Children:  Flora  Emily,  Thomas  Stow 
Eanney,  Frances  Melissa,  Frances  Eliza,  Tertius  Cor- 
nelius, Ernest  Chalmers,  Elmer  Morris,  Clara  Theresa, 
Elsie  Ada,  Alice  Louisa,  Elgin  Osmer,  Celia  Allen. 
238     Julius  Butler,  b.  June  5,  1831. 

Jerusha  Alice,  b.  Mar.  18,  1840;  unm.     Res.  Chesterland  0. 

110  Thomas  Stow®  Ranney  (Julius^  Jeremiah*,  Thomas^ 
Thomas2,  Thomas^),  b.  Aug.  22,  1802,  Bethlehem,  Conn.;  m.  (1) 
Aug.  23,  1827,  Maria  Gager,  b.  Oct.  5,  1808;  d.  Rangoon,  India, 
1857;  m.  (2)  Dec.  14,  1858, 'Mrs.  Mary  E.  Whittaker,  b.  Nov. 
1,  1829,  Calcutta,  India;  widow  of  Rev.  Daniel  Whittaker  and 
daughter  of  Rev.  Cephas  Bennett  and  Stella  Kneeland.  He  d. 
May  13,  1886,  Homer,  N.  Y.  Widow  d.  1906.  His  portrait  at 
eighty-two  years  of  age  is  given  herewith.  His  obituary  as  printed 
by  his  pastor  follows: 

"  Thomas  Stow  Ranney  was  born  in  Bethlehem,  Conn.,  August 
22,  1801.  His  mother  was  a  widow  at  the  time  of  his  birth,  his 
father  having  died  about  six  months  previous.  His  mother  was 
left  with  small  means,  and  the  support  of  her  babe  and  other  de- 
pendent children  fell  heavily  upon  her  lone  hands.  Being  a 
woman  of  health  and  energy,  she  sought  a  western  home,  and 
purchased  a  piece  of  land  in  the  then  wilderness  woods  .of  Danby, 
Tompkins  County,  N.  Y.  Of  early  childhood  Mr.  Ranney  always 
spoke  tenderly.  By  the  industry  and  economy  of  his  mother, 
poverty  was  kept  from  the  home,  and  early  childhood  with  him 
was  a  happy  period.  While  the  early  Christian  instructions  of 
his  mother  made  a  deep  impression  upon  his  life  and  character, 
and  had  much  to  do  in  making  him  the  man  he  was,  it  was  not  till 
many  years  after,  as  a  man  in  married  life,  about  forty  years  of 
age,  that  he  gave  personal  attention  to  religion  and  accepted  Christ 
as  a  personal  Saviour.  At  fifteen  years  of  age  he  was  apprenticed 
to  learn  the  printer's  trade,  his  term  of  apprenticeship  closing  on 
his  twenty-first  birthday.  Not  very  long  after  he  became  fore- 
man of  the  Albany  Argus,  which  position  he  occupied  about  ten 
years,  and  this  brought  him  into  associations  with  the  leading 
statesmen   and   politicians   of   the   day— DeWitt   Clinton,   Martin 


VanBuren,  Ex-Governor  Marcy  and  others  of  those  times.  On 
leaving  the  Argus,  Mr.  Eanney  assisted  in  establishing  the  Dutchess 
Republican  in  Poughkeepsie,  N.  Y.  In  these  positions  he  became 
very  familiar  with  political  thought,  as  well  as  the  political  tricks 
of  the  times.  The  Diitcliess  RepuMican  was  afterwards  united 
with  the  Poughkeepsie  Eagle,  of  which  Mr.  Isaac  Piatt  was  edi- 
tor, with  whom  Mr.  Eanney  sustained  a  partnership  most  happily 
for  ten  years,  and  an  intimate  and  cordial  acquaintance  up  to  the 
time  of  Mr.  Piatt's  death,  which  occurred  in  1872. 

"  It  was  in  Poughkeepsie,  in  the  year  1840,  that  Mr.  Eanney 
was  converted,  and  both  himself  and  wife  were  buried  with  Christ 
in  baptism  by  Mr.  Dickinson,  and  united  with  the  Baptist  Church. 
This  most  literally  opened  a  new  life  to  him  and  surrounded  him 
with  new  influences.  He  himself  says :  '  My  past  political  life  be- 
came more  and  more  distasteful.'  Two  years  later,  an  offer  com- 
ing from  the  American  Baptist  Missionary  Union  to  go  as  a 
printer  to  Burmah  in  charge  of  the  society's  press,  he  accepted  the 
offer,  sailing,  in  November,  1843.  Arrived  in  Burmah,  the  first 
two  weeks  were  spent  in  the  home  of  Dr.  Judson,  the  great  pioneer 
missionary  of  the  Baptist  denomination;  and  a  few  years  later, 
in  the  providence  of  God,  it  was  appointed  Mr.  Eanney  to  attend 
Dr.  Judson  during  his  last  sickness,  and  bury  him  in  the  ocean. 

"  Mrs.  Eanne/s  failing  health  required  a  visit  to  this  country, 
during  which  time  the  Board  thought  it  best  to  recall  Mr.  Eanney, 
intending  when  his  wife  should  return  to  send  him  to  Assam;  but 
he,  not  understanding  the  object  of  the  recall,  decided  to  resign 
his  connection  with  the  Missionary  Union,  and  upon  doing  so  went 
to  Eangoon,  where  he  engaged  in  a  private  enterprise  doing  gov- 
ernment and  job  printing.  Here  he  met  with  financial  success, 
and  after  a  few  years  disposed  of  his  office  and  business  to  the 
Missionary  Union  and  returned  to  America  to  spend  his  remaining 

"  For  twenty-four  years  he  has  been  a  resident  of  Homer  and 
a  member  of  the  Homer  Baptist  Church.  He  has  been  twice 
married.  The  first  Mrs.  Eanney  having  died  soon  after  her  return 
to  Burmah.  in  due  time  he  married  Mrs.  Mary  E.  Whitaker,  daugh- 
ter of  the  lately  deceased  Eev.  Cephas  Bennett,  missionary  printer, 
who  succeeded  him  in  the  mission  press  at  Eangoon. 

"•  As  a  citizen  Mr.  Eanney  identified  himself  with  whatever 
advanced  and  improved  the  interests  .,;0f  our  village.  His  counsel 
was  sought  and  his  presence  welcomed  in  all  councils.  He  was  a 
faithful  Christian,  ready  to  bear  his  share  of  the  burdens  of  the 
church,  of  which  he  was  a  member.  Besides  his  neighbors  and 
brethren  in  the  church,  who  all  sincerely  mourn  his  loss,  he  leaves 


a  wife  and  two  daughters.  Pipe  in  years  and  rich  in  experience, 
Thomas  Stow  Eanney  has  passed  over  the  river,  and  '  his  works 
do  follow.'" 

111  William®  Eanney  (William^  Thomas*,  Thoraas^  Thomas^ 
Thomas^),  b.  June  5,  1784,  Westminster  West,  Vt. ;  m.  June  28, 

1810,  Elizabeth  Wells,  b. ;  d.  Mar.  28,  1874.  Brookline, 

Vt.;  farmer,  Cong.;  d.  Dec.  16,  1863,  Br6okline,  Vt. 

Children  : 

239  Joel,  b.  Mar.  15,  1811. 

240  Eebecca,  b.  May  19,  1813;  m.  Jeremiah  L.  Perham. 
Orange,  b.  May  15,  1817;  d.  Dec.  15.  1832. 

241  Achsah,   b.    Dec.    30,    1820;   d.    Mar.    10,    1861;   m.    Daniel 

Fanny,  b.  Mar.  7,  1824;  d.  Nov.  18,  1841. 
Elizabeth,  b.  Mar.  15,  1826;  d.  Oct.  2,  1831. 

242  Hannah,  b.  July  18,  1830;  m.  John  Lamphear. 

112  Stephen''  Eanney  (William^  Thomas*,  Thomas^  Thomas^, 
Thomas^),  b.  Apr.  28,  1793,  Westminster  West,  Vt.;  m.  Apr.  7, 
1814,  Salley  S.  Chandler,  b.  Oct.  23,  1793,  Westminster;  d.  Feb. 
19,  1864,  dau.  of  Thomas  Dow  Chandler  and  Sarah  Goold. 
Farmer;  Cong.;  Eep. ;  d.  Sept.  5,  1871,  Westminster  West. 

Children : 

243  Stephen  Chandler,  b.  Jan.  29,  1815. 

244  Amaziah  Thomas,   b.   Apr.   10,   1817. 

245  Wm.  Erastus,  b.  Mar.  18,  1819. 

246  Otis    Lorenzo,    b.    July    16,    1821. 

247  Lorin  Little,  b.  Sept.  26.  1823. 

Lydia  Eosetta,  b.  Jan.  27,  1826;  d.  unm.  Aug.  19,  1851. 
Sarah  Maria,  b.  July  27,  1828 ;  d.  unm.  Sept.  19,  1844. 
Eliza  Serena,  b.  Mar.  29,  1831;  d.  unm.  Dec.  28,  1902. 

113  Ephraim*'  Eanney  (Ephraim^  Ephraim*,  Thomas% 
Thomas^,  Thomas^),  b.  Westminster  West,  Vt. ;  d.  June  3,  1826, 
Westminster  West;  m.  Mercy  Clark;  widow  rem.  to  Coventry, 
Vt.,  where  she  d.  Jan.  29,  1848. 

Children  : 
Clark,  b.  Nov.  15,  1801;  m.  Apr.  15,  1825,  Orpha  Miller 

and  rem.   1827  to  West  Victory,  Vt.,  said  to   have  rem. 

later  to  California. 
Elmerina,  b.   Aug.   6,  1804;  d.  Jan.   29,   1805. 


248  Freeman,  b.  May  11,  1806. 

249  Sullivan,  b.  Nov.  23,  1808. 

249a  Ephraini  Fessenden,  b.  June  8,  1820. 

114  Lydia^  Eanney  (Ephraim^,  Ephraim*,  Thomas^,  Thomas^, 
Thomas^),  b.  Sept.  28,  1772,  Westminster  West,  Vt.;  d.  July  20, 
1859 ;  m.  Dea.  Ebenezer  Goodhue,  son  of  a  clergyman.     Of  their 


Rhoda,   b. ;    m.    (1)    Alfred   Ranney;    (2)    Samuel 

Elizabeth,  b. ;  m.  Elijah  Bradford  Ranney. 

115  Rebecca®  Ranney  (Ephraim^,  Ephraim*,  Thomas^,  Thomas-. 
Thomas^),  b.  Dec.  27,"  1777;  d.  Aug.,  1841;  m.  Jan.  20.  1799^ 
Gideon  Warner. 


Eugene,  b.  . 

Narcissa.  b.  ;    m.   Russell   Ranney. 

Octavia,  b.  ;    m.   Newman   Perry. 

116  Calvin*^  Ranney  (Ephraim^,  Ephraim*,  Thomas^,  Thomas-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Nov.  25,  1784,  Westminster  West,  Vt. ;  m.  Anna 
Root.  Rem.  late  in  life  to  Algona,  Iowa,  to  live  with  a  daughter 
where  he  d.  Oct.  7,  1873.  She  d.  Aug.  2,  1870,  Westminster 

Children : 

250  Helvann,  b.  Jan.   28,   1805;  m.    (1)    Geo.  W.  Holland;  m. 

(2)  W.  Crowell. 
Fanny  Root,  b.   Feb.   5,   1807;   d.   1812.       . 

251  Rhoda  Harlow,  b.  Mar.  29,  1809;  m.  Benjamin  Clark. 
Charles,  b.   May   18,   1824;  m.   Maria  Stearns  of  Danville, 

Vt.  and  d.  June  9,   1862. 

117  Hiram*'  Ranney  (Ephraim^,  Ephraim*,  Thomas^,  Thomas-, 
Thomas^),  b.  June  4,"  1792,  Westminster  West,  Vt. ;  m.  Jan.  27. 
1819,  Lydia  Chase,  who  lived  to  be  a  centenarian  and  was  of  the 
Chase  family  of  the  Mayflower.  The  young  couple  began  the 
dairy  farm  life  and  sent  the  butter  and  cheese  of  25  cows  to  the 
Boston  market.  Having  signed  notes  to  accommodate  a  friend 
he  lost  most  of  his  property.  Setting  out  in  a  covered  wagon 
they  went  in  Oct.  1834,  to  Oxford  County,  Lower  Canada,  and 
settled  at  Hagel's  Corners.  She  was  employed  to  teach,  having 
gone  on  horseback  through  the  woods  to  St.  Thomas,  where  she 


was  examined  and  authorized  to  teach.  A  log  house  was  erected 
and  she  began  with  60  pupils,  some  of  whom  were  young  men  over 
21.  She  was  the  first  teacher  in  that  county.  It  was  not  long 
before  Mr,  Eanney  had  700  acres  in  one  tract  She  survived  her 
husband.  A  Salford  Globe  paper,  not  dated,  contained  her  por- 
trait at  100  years  and  gave  the  following: 

"  Mrs.  Eanney  has  been  a  widow  for  the  past  thirty  years  and 
has  outlived  all  her  children.  Her  grandchildren  still  living  are: 
Sullivan  P.  Eanney  of  Salford,  Judson  Harris  of  Ingersoll,  Eev. 
E.  J.  Harris,  B.A.,  of  Toronto,  Mrs.  Wm.  Craig  of  Toronto,  Mrs. 
(Prof.)  S.  J.  McKee  of  Brandon  College  and  Mrs.  (Eev.)  G. 
B.  Davis  of  Hagersville. 

"  Mrs.  Eanney  has  been  a  reader  of  The  Globe  since  the  days 
of  the  Hon.  George  Brown,  whom  she  had  the  privilege  of  enter- 
taining in  her  own  home." 

118  Grant  Willis*'  Eanney  (Ephraim^  Ephraim",  Thomas^ 
Thomas^,  Thomas^),  b.  Mar.  25,  1804,  Westminster  West,  Vt. ; 
d.  June  14,  1871,  Westminster  West;  m.  May  23,  1805,  Anna  Ma- 
tilda Campbell,  b.  May  23,  1805;  d.  Mar.  1891;  dau.  of  Edward  E.- 
Campbell and  Anna  Norton. 


252  Peyton,  b.  Nov.  29,  1826. 

253  Mary  Ann,  b.  July  20,  1828;  m.  Wm.  B.  Cutting. 
Homer,  b.  Apr.  17,  1834;  d.  May,  1835. 

Ehoda,  b.  Dec.  4,  1836;  d.  Aug.  21,  1862;  m.  Judge  Henry 

S.    Severance,   succeeding   Judge   Wm.    H.    Taft. 
Alfred  Homer,  b.  Aug.  22,  1843,  res.  Kalamazoo,  Mich. 

119  Elijah®  Eannev  (Elijah^  Ephraim*,  Thomas^  Thomas-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Sept.  15,  1773,  Westminster  West,  Vt;  m.  Nov. 
10,  1791,  Lydia  Crawford,  dau.  of  James  Crawford  and  Grace 
Carpenter,  "  a  woman  of  great  mental  and  physical  energy." 
James  Crawford  was  a  soldier  of  the  Eevolution.  At  sundown  he 
heard  of  the  battle  of  Lexington.  Before  sunrise  he  had  started 
to  join  the  gathering  forces,  leaving  a  son  of  9  years  with  the 
wife  to  clear  the  burnt  field  and  sow  the  grain.  In  the  autumn 
he  obtained  a  few  weeks  on  furlough  to  gather  in  the  crops.  When 
that  son  was  90  years  of  age  he  would  say,  "  I  chopped  the  wood 
and  drove  the  steers,  mother  helped  to  load  and  we  kept  warm  all 


5     ^ 

<i    - 

<     G 


Like  his  father  and  grandfather,  Elijah  Eanney,  Jr.  was  a 
deacon.  It  was  written  by  the  Eev.  A.  Stevens  of  him  and  of 
Ebenezer  Goodhue,  a  grandson  of  Deacon  Ephraim*,  "  the  former 
was  slow  in  his  plans  and  execution,  the  latter  was  hasty;  both 
were  good,  determined  men  and  did  not  easily  give  up  a  measure 
they  had  attempted  to  carry.  The  Scotchman's  prayer  was  ap- 
propriate for  them  both :  '  0  Lord,  keep  me  right,  for  thou  knowest 
I  cannot  change.' "  Dr.  Stevens  on  his  40th  anniversary  as  pastor 
at  Westminster  West,  Feb.  22,  1883,  said :  "  In  the  body  pews  at 
the  right  sat  Deacon  Ebenezer  Goodhue,  then  Joseph  Ranney, 
Esq.,  Deacon  Elijah  Eanney,  Calvin  Eanney,  Elisha  Berry,  Sr., 
and  Jr.,  and  Edward  Campbell."  Dr.  Stevens  married  Mary  Ann 
Arnold,  dau.  of  Seth  Shailer  Arnold  and  granddaughter  of  Esther^ 
Eanney.  Their  twetve  children  were  alive  when,  the  youngest 
being  over  50,  all  sat  for  their  portraits  which  through  Dr.  Mark 
Eanney  were  placed  together  in  one  group  as  they  are  seen  in  this 


254  Samuel,  b.  Nov.  8,  1792. 

255  Alfred,  b.  Dec.  29,  1794. 

Elizabeth,  b.  Mar.  11,  1797;  m.  Dea.  Asahel  Goodell. 

256  Fanny,  b.  Sept.  12,  1799;  m.  Dea.  Edward  Hallett. 

257  Eussell,  b.  Feb.  20,  1802. 

258  Mark,  b.  Apr.  17,  1804. 

259  Lydia,  b.  May  10,  1806;  m.  Frederick  Goodell. 

260  Elijah  Bradford,  b.  Aug.  4,  1808. 

261  Lyman  Crawford,  b.  Sept.  22,  1810. 

262  George,  b.  Feb.  7,  1813. 

Charles,  b.  Aug.  20,  1816;  m.  Jane  Gorham,  b.  Oct.  26, 
1818;  d.  Aug.  23,  1{^72,  dau.  of  Isaac  Gorham  and  Ee- 
becca  Hall.  Farmer;  Eep. ;  Cong.  Eem.  to  St.  Johns- 
bury,  Vt.  where  he  d.  Feb.  26,  1899.     No  children. 

120  Joseph^  Eanney  (Elijah^  Ephraim*,  Thomas^  Thomas^, 
Thomas^),  b.  Dec.  25,  1779,  Westminster  West,  Vt.;  m.  (1)  May 
8,  1800,  Mercy"  Hamblen,  b.  Oct.  27,  1781.  Yarmouth,  Mass.; 
d.  Feb.  13,  1812,  Westminster  West,  dau.  of  Joseph'^  Hamblen, 

( *,  Isaac^,  Eleazar-,  James^)  and  Susan  Hedge;  m.  (2) 

Mar.  11,  1813,  Tryphena  Hitchcock,  b.  May  28,  1779,  Westminster; 
d.  Sept.  19,  1823,  aged  34  years,  dau.  of  Heli  Hitchcock  of  Brim- 
field,  Mass.,  and  Tryphena  Goodell.  (The  father  of  Joseph®, 
Deacon  Elijah^,  married  (2)  the  widow  of  Heli  Hitchcock  and  so 
became  stepfather  to  his  own  son.  A  son  of  Joseph  remembered 
harnessing  the  horse  of  his  grandfather,  Elijah",  to  go  courting  his 


maternal  grandmother)  ;  m.  (3)  Mar.  11,  1824,  Westminster  West, 
Mrs.  Priscilla  Farnham  Arnold,  b.  Oct.  26,  1789,  widow  of  Am- 
brose Arnold  and  adopted  daughter  of  JoeP  Eanney  and  Rebecca 

Joseph®  Eanney  d.  Mar.  1,  1845.  He  was  of  almost  giant 
stature  and  strength,  holding  his  three-year-old  daughter  on  his 
open  hand  with  his  arm  straightened  before  him.  He  was  an 
original  member  of  the  militia  company  commanded  by  Capt. 
Ephraim  Eanney,  Jr.  His  son,  Henry  Porteus,  resides  on  the 
farm  cleared  by  Elijah^. 

Cliildren  hy  1st  marriage: 
Matilda,  b.  Sept.  28,  1801 ;  d.  Nov.  22,  1804. 

263  Aretas,  b.   Nov.   14,   1803. 

264  Philetus,  b.  Jan.  8,  1806. 

Matilda,  b.  May  20,  1808;  d.  unm.  July  18,  1824. 

265  Ira  Patterson,  'b.  Oct.  3,  1810. 

Cliildren  hy  2d  marriage: 
Joseph  Eoot,  b.  Dec.  17,  1813;  d.  Aug.  1816. 

266  Timothy  Emerson,  b.  Jan.   17,  1815. 

267  Joseph  Addison,  b.  Feb.  17,  1817. 
Infant,  b.  Sept.  5,  1818;  d.  Nov.  5.  1818. 

Heli  Hitchcock,  b.  Sept.  5,  1819;  d.  Dec.  6,  1819. 
Samuel  Eoot,  b.  Oct.  12,  1820;  d.  Feb.  24,  1821. 
Harvey,  b.  Nov.  26,  1821;  d.  Jan.  4,  1826. 

Cliildren  hy  3d  marriage: 

268  Joel  Arnold,  b.  Dec.  9,  1824. 

269  Eollin  Wallace,  b.  Nov.  29,  1826. 
27G     Henry  Porteus,  b.  Jan.  30,  1829. 

Eebecca  Priscilla,  b.  Jan.  21,  1833 ;  d.  Apr.  18,  1844. 

121     Elizabeth®       Eanney       (Elijah%       Ephraim*,       Thomas^ 

Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b. ,  Westminster  West;  d. ; 

m.  Levi  Harlow,  son  of  Eleazar  Harlow  of  Taunton,  Mass.,  who, 
at  age  of  20,  in  1758,  rem.  to  help  settle  Westminster  and  m.  Ehoda 
Alexander  of  Northfield,  Mass. 

Eleazar,  b.  June  18,  1797;  m.  Euth  Owen 
Achsahlana,  b.  June  13,  1799;  m.  (1)  Barnabas  Clark;   (2) 

Elijah  Clark. 
Eoxalana,  b.  June  13,  1799;  m.  Jesse  Button. 


122  DanieP  Eanney  (DanieP,  Ephraim*,  Thomas^,  Thomas', 
Thomas^),  b.  Apr.  14,  1781,  Chester,  A^t.;  m.  Aug.  2,  1802, 
Stockbridge,  Vt.,  Martha  Holland,  b.  June  11.  1783.  He  was  a 
mem.  of  the  Legislature. 

Children : 

271  Eoswell,  b.  Sept.  17,  1804. 

Sarah,   b.   Dee.   9,   1806;  m.   Dec.    15,    1830,   David    Avery, 
b.  Oct.  22,  1801.     Children: 
Silas,  b.  May  17,  1832. 
Sarah  Eanney,  b.  Oct.  4,  1842.         

272  Daniel  Holland,  b.  Sept.  26,  1808. 

273  Silas,  b.  Feb.  21,  1810. 

274  Eeuben,  b.  Oct.  31,  1811. 

Moses,  b.  Nov.  1,  1813;  d.  July  19,  1843;  m.  June  27,  1843, 
New  York,  Sarah  Eogers. 

275  Martha  Gile,  b.  Aug.  25,  1816;  m.  Africa  Davis. 

276  Lucinda   Holland,  b.  Feb.   19,  1819;  m.   Chas.  A.   Thomas. 

277  Jonathan  Holland,  b.  June  2,  1822. 

278  Joel,  b.  June  4.  1825. 

123  Moses®  Eanney  (DanieP,  Ephraim*,  Thomas^,  Thomas-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Mar.  28,  1783,  Chester,  Vt.;  m.  Nov.  11,  1813, 
Bridgewater,  Vt.,  Prudentia  Wood  Osborn,  b.  Mar.  27,  1793,  Ware, 
Mass. ;  d.  Jan.  10,  1864,  the  sixth  child  of  John  Osborn  of  Woburn, 
Mass.,  and  Elizabeth  Clark.    He  d.  x\pr.  12,  1858.     She  d. . 


279  Moses  Harris,  b.  Aug.   16,  1814. 

124  Mary®  Eannev  (DanieP,  Ephraim*,  Thomas^,  Thomas', 
Thomas^),  b.  July  26,  1791,  Stockbridge,  Vt.;  m.  1810,  Stock- 
bridge,  Vt.,  Jonathan  Holland,  b.  1785;  d.  Aug.  29,  1841,  Stock- 
bridge,  son  of  Eeuben  Holland  and  Joan  Cobb.  He  served  in 
War  of  1812,  farmer;  Univ.  Ch.  She  d.  mem.  Cong.  Ch.  and  d. 
Sept.   1,   1878,   Stockbridge,   Vt. 

Mary,  b.   1811;  m.   Enos   Chandler. 
Eunice,  b.  1813;  m.  Thomas  Hunt. 
Pattv,  b.  1817;  m.  Joseph  Howe. 

280  Sarah,  b.   1821;  m.   Nathan  Davis. 

281  Lucv,  b.  Julv  3,  1825;  m.  Chas.  Luther. 

282  Jonathan  J.,"b.  1829. 


125  JoeP  Eanney  (DanieP^  Ephraim*,  Thomas^  Thomas^ 
Thomas^),  b.  May  9,  1805,  Stockbridge,  Vt;  m.  Nov.  8,  1826, 
Rochester,  Vt.,  Elizabeth  T.  Morse,  b.  1800;  d.  July  18,  1858, 
Metamora,  111.,  dau.  of  Capt.  Parker  Morse  who  rem.  1835,  to 
111.  JoeP  rem.  1838,  to  Metamora,  111.,  Dea.  of  Cong.  Ch. ;_  ac- 
tive in  temperance  matters,  strongly  anti-slavery,  a  man  of  ability 
and  aggressiveness,  d.  Jan.  13,  1848,  Metamora,  111. 


283  Esther  Jane,  b.  July  27,  1829;  m.  Alvin  Packard. 

284  Joel  Alden,  b.  Oct.  18,  1831. 

Elizabeth  Ellen,  b.  Oct.  18,  1831;  d.  May  31,  1832. 

126  Waitstill  Randolph®  Ranney  (WaitstilP,  Ephraim*, 
ThomasS   Thomas^,   Thomas^),   b.   May   23,   1791,   Chester,  Vt.; 

d.  Aug.  23,  1853,  West  Townsend,  Vt;  m.    (1) ,  1811, 

Chester,  Vt.,  Phebe  Atwood,  b.  Nov.  28,  1789,  Chester,  Vt;  d. 
July  7,  1844,  dau.  of  Jeremiah  Atwood  and  Zilpha  Willard;  m. 
(2)  Apr.  29,  1846,  Mrs.  Mary  A.  Cook. 

Waitstill  Randolph  Ranney,  second  child  of  Waitstill  Ranney. 
was  born  in  the  village  of  Chester,  Vt.  His  father  removed  to 
a  1000  acre  farm,  3  miles  from  the  village,  and  the  two  boys 
walked  this  distance  to  school  for  12  weeks  of  the  winter;  yet  at 
16  years  of  age  they  were  teachers.  As  a  scholar  he  always  ex- 
celled his  classmates  and  showed  at  a  very  early  age  a  strong  desire 
for  learning.  He  often  told  of  passing  Harvard  College  when 
a  boy,  driving  to  market  some  swine,  and  of  seeing  students  in 
those  enchanted  grounds.  A  man  of  learning  and  of  influence 
seemed  to  his  young  heart  to  be  as  much  above  the  common  herd 
as  he  above  his  drove,  little  thinking  he  was  ever  to  stand  on  that 
high  ground.  But  in  after  life  he  felt  that  his  early  training,  its 
hardships,  its  self-denials,  and  .even  its  temptations,  helped  form 
whatever  was  worthy  in  his  character.  At  sixteen  years  of  age  his 
father  took  him  to  Charleston,  N.  H.,  to  the  Rev.  M.  Foster's  High 
School,  knowing  but  little  of  the  time  or  money  fully  needed  to 
educate  him  through  a  term  of  years.  A  literary  course  began, 
and  with  it  a  studiousness  from  twelve  to  fourteen  hours  a  day. 
Instead  of  needing  three  years  in  preparation  he  had  in  one  year 
mastered  six  books  of  Aeneid,  four  Orations  of  Cicero,  and  the 
four  Evangelists  in  Greek.  By  an  accident  he  was  prevented  from 
entering  in  the  fall,  but  taught  through  the  winter,  and  in  the 
spring  entered  Middlebury  College  with  the  class  of  the  former 
year.  Leaving  college  at  nineteen  he  taught  for  some  months  in 
the  academy  at  Malone,  N.  Y.,  and  returned  to  his  Chester  horfie 

Waitstill    IvANDOLPH    Ranney 
(See  page  250) 

Ambrose  Arnold  Eanney 
(See  page  333) 

Group  of  Thirteen  Children  of  Dr.  Waitsth.l  Randolph  Kanney 

(See  page  254) 


where  at  the  age  of  twenty  he  married  Phebe  Atwood.  He  studied 
medicine  at  Dartmouth  College  and  then  settled  in  West  Town- 
shend  where  at  the  age  of  twenty-two  in  1814  he  commenced  the 
practice  of  his  profession,  and  often  remarked :  "  If  I  could  live 
a  hundred  lives  I  would  be  a  physician  every  time."  In  an  ad- 
dress before  Woodstock  Medical  College  he  said :  "  But  there  are 
men  in  the  practice  of  medicine  who  stand  unmoved  by  trials  or 
temptations  of  gain — men  of  sensitive  minds  and  conscientious 
hearts,  who,  as  Philosophers  and  Philanthropists  are  an  honor  to 
their  profession  and  the  world,  who  are  willing  to  sacrifice  ease 
and  comfort  for  the  drudgery  of  professional  life;  who  live  to 
alleviate  the  sufferings  of  the  distressed;  to  heal  where  it  is  pos- 
sible; to  support  the  dying  head;  to  wipe  from  the  brow  the 
gathering  damps  of  death,  pointing  the  departing  spirit  to  the 
painless  realms  above."  Again :  "  Though  Heaven  and  earth  at- 
test to  his  faithfulness  and  skill,  yet  upon  him  rests  the  responsi- 
bility to  the  patient — to  the  friends,  and  to  God."  In  poverty  and 
strong  competition  for  eight  years  he  struggled  on  with  a  family 
of  children  now  numbering  seven,  relying  alone  on  the  income  of 
his  profession  for  support.  The  riding  over  those  high  hills 
and  long  roads,  through  rain  and  hail,  and  drifting  snows,  with 
no  conveyance  for  the  journey  but  a  horse's  back,  and  all  with 
the  miserable  pittance  then  meted  out  for  such  services,  might 
have  made  the  stoutest  heart  quail.  Yet,  with  an  endurance 
seldom  equalled,  and  a  frugality,  at  this  day  hardly  known,  he 
supported  his  rapidly  increasing  family,  and  even  laid  by  some- 
thing  for   future   investments. 

In  1822  he  purchased  a  farm  half  a  mile  from  the  village  and 
connected  agricultural  pursuits  with  professional  duties.  The 
indebtedness  on  the  farm  was  paid;  the  nine  sons  were  all  well 
educated  in  the  public  schools;  seven  of  them  were  prepared  to 
enter  the  learned  professions ;  four  of  them  were  sent  to  be  col- 
legiately  instructed.  In  1837  the  farm  was  relinquished  to  a 
son  and  he  removed  to  the  center  of  the  village  of  the  town  near 
the  academy.  His  wife  after  a  long  illness  from  cancer  died. 
July  6,  1844,  and  in  1846  he  married  Mrs.  Mary  A.  Cook.  In 
1849  his  health  began  to  fail.  In  his  sixty-third  year  he  was 
gathered  in,  fully  ripe  for  the  harvest,  clearly  sensible  of  his 
condition,  and  all  things  made  ready.  Conspicuous  in  his  death 
as  in  life;  strong  in  faith;  calm  in  his  trust;  childlike  in  his 

He  was  interested  in  every  philanthropic  enterprise,  active  in 
the  town,  the  church  and  the  State.  He  was  a  member  of  a 
Constitutional  convention,  of  the  house  of  the  General  Assembly, 


three  years  in  the  State  Senate,  for  two  years  Lieut.-Governor  of 
the  State,  and  came  within  one  vote  of  being  elected  U.  S. 
Senator.  He  presided  on  the  summit  of  the  Green  Mountains 
when  Daniel  Webster  gathered  his  many  thousands  to  that  wil- 
derness, to  urge  them  to  save  their  country  from  corruption  and  dis- 
union. He  often  lectured  before  literary  institutions,  agricultural 
and  medical  societies.  As  a  statesman,  he  was  far  above  all  wire- 
pulling or  office  seeking.,  No  enemy  ever  dared  to  assert  that  any 
corruption  or  bribery  was  ever  practiced  on  him.  Far  removed 
from  any  similar  purpose,  he  was  selected  and  voted  for  by  those 
who  knew  his  abilities,  and  needed  his  services.  The  Legislative 
body  that  passed  an  act  to  appropriate  the  national  surplus  reve- 
nue to  the  use  of  Common  Schools  well  remember  his  remarks  on 
that  occasion,  it  being  an  extra  session.  Many  a  scheme  had  been 
devised  to  turn  these  funds  to  internal  improvement,  banking  pur- 
poses, etc.,  and  the  speakers  were  ready  to  urge  through  their 
plans,  but  they  were  all  thwarted,  and  their  schemes  so  effectually 
exposed,  that  no  answer  was  made,  and  an  adjournment  as  a  com- 
pliment to  the  speaker  was  immediately  carried. 

He  was  a  man  of  wonderful  physical  vigor  and  endurance;  he 
had  a  mind  of  a  capacity  far  above  the  ordinary  standard;  his  ap- 
plication and  achievement  in  the  varied  departments  of  life,  under 
all  his  embarrassments  were  almost  incredible.  As  a  Christian 
statesman  he  was  a  model  politician;  as  a  citizen  he  was  upright, 
and  a  man  of  great  usefulness;  as  a  husband  and  father,  devoted 
in  his  attachments,  impartial  in  all  his  acts,  and  worthy  of  the 
highest  love.  As  a  Christian,  consistent,  active,  faithful,  prayer- 
ful, living  his  religion  and  dying  in  its  full  enjoyment.  (The 
above  is  principally  from  "Lives  of  Eminent  Americans.") 

The  compiler  of  this  work  has  in  his  possession  a  private  letter 
written  Sept.  1,  1879,  by  a  son  of  Dr.  Ranney  to  a  distant  cousin 
of  whom  he  had  till  then  not  heard,  the  Rev.  Timothy  Emerson 
Ranney,  from  which  the  following  is  taken :  "  My  father,  consider- 
ing his  humble  birth  and  limited  opportunities  in  an  obscure  place, 
was  a  man  of  marked  ability.  He  combined  all  the  traits  of  char- 
acter which  make  one  a  master  of  the  situation.  Of  commanding 
affection,  good  address  he  was  one  to  whom  the  world  looked  up  as 
a  leader  in  the  affairs  of  town,  church  and  State.  As  a  physician 
he  was  an  authority,  as  a  successful  financier  in  a  small  way  he 
never  had  a  peer.  The  rearing  of  thirteen  children  to  manhood 
with  no  bad  habits  and  with  good  education  for  those  days  at  an 
expense  of  from  eight  to  ten  thousand  dollars  from  a  limited  in- 
come and  no  capital  to  start  with  is  a  marvel  the  world  now  knows 
nothing  of.  As  a  politician  he  never  resorted  to  chicanery,  or  irregu- 


lar  methods  of  vote  buying.  As  an  executor  of  trusts  he  never 
swerved  an  iora  from  the  strict  rules  of  right  and  justice.  He  was 
honored  in  town  as  a  man  of  large  ability,  in  every  position  in  the 
family  or  church  or  as  physician,  and  in  the  offices  he  filled  as 
representative,  Senator  and  Lieut.-Governor.  His  memory  has 
left  to  his  children  a  sweet  savor.  The  thirteen  children,  all 
married,  survived  him  for  many  years,  had  many  reunions  at 
the  old  homestead  in  West  Townshend,  and  in  Chester,  the 
town  of  his  birth.  His  children  and  grandchildren  there  re- 
hearsed the  scenes  of  childhood  and  cemented  more  closely  the 
family  tie. 

There  were  nine  sons,  six  of  them  physicians,  one  clergyman,  ow^ 
lawyer  and  one  farmer.  Most  of  them  have  been  very  successful 
in  their  business  and  esteemed  as  men.  Five  successful  physicians 
in  New  York  City,  one  a  lawyer  of  large  wealth,  the  brother  clergy- 
man graduating  at  Middlebury  College,  whom  you  knew,  the  other, 
one  of  the  New  York  physicians  whom  you  knew,  had  by  success- 
ful practice  accumulated  quite  a  fortune.  The  sisters  have  all 
passed  away.  One  married  a  lawyer  after  a  successful  career  as 
teacher  in  Brooklyn,  the  other  three  married  farmers,  worthy  men 
of  means,  respected  and  loved  by  all  who  knew  them." 

The  first  reunion  of  the  children  at  the  old  homestead  was  on 
June  1,  1846,  to  celebrate  the  father's  fifty-sixth  birthday.  Three 
were  held  in  his  lifetime.  The  eighth  was  held  in  Chester  in 
1866,  for  four  days,  and  its  record  is  in  a  pamphlet  of  forty-eight 
pages.  In  1855  a  volume  of  "Reminiscences"  was  published,  con- 
taining many  letters  addressed  by  him  to  his  children  at  various 
times  and  under  varying  circumstances.  They  reveal  his  inner 
manhood.  It  contains  his  addresses  to  his  children  and  grand- 
children at  the  reunions.  The  following  is  from  the  address  of 
his  oldest  son  on  May  28,  1851,  when  23  children  and  18  grand- 
children were  present: 

"  We    are    all    here ! 
Father,  mother. 
Sister,  brother. 

All  who  hold  each  other  deai\ 
Each  chair  is  filled,  we're  all  at  home. 
It  is  not  often  that  around 
Our  old  familiar  hearth  we're  found. 
Bless  thus  the  meeting  and  the  spot. 
For  once  be  every  care  forgot ; 
Let  gentle  peace  assert  her  power. 
And  kind  affection  rule  the  hour. 
We're  all.  all  here !  " 


Children : 

285  Evander  Willard,  b.  Nov.  1,  1811. 

286  Darwin  Harlow,  b.  Dec.  13,  1812. 

287  Stella  Laiirenza,  b.  July  4,  1814. 

288  Alfred   Atwood,   b.   June   24,    1816. 

289  Henry  Davis,  b.  Oct.  31,  1817. 

290  Lafayette,  b.  Aug.   16,   1819. 

291  Ambrose  Arnold,  b.  Apr.  16,  1821. 

292  Stepben  Eleazer,  b.  Sept.  17,  1822. 

293  James  Waitstill,  b.  Sept.  23,  1824. 

294  Helen  Louisa,  b.  Feb.  10,  1826. 

295  Frances  Sophia,  b.  Jan.  25,  1828. 

296  Martin  Luther,  b.  Jan.  20,  1830. 

297  Mary  Angeline,  b.  Aug.  20,  1832. 

127  Eev.    Seth   ShailerV  Arnold    (Esther^   Ranney,   Ephraim*, 

Thomas^  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  Feb.  22,  1788,  Westminster,  Vt.; 
m.  (1)  Ann  House  of  Hebron,  Ct, ;  m.  (2)  Mrs.  Mary  Grout 
of  Ackworth.  N.  H. ;  Grad.  1812,  Middlebury  Coll.;  studied  the- 
ology with  Rev.  Dr.  Breckenridge  in  Washington,  D.  C,  and  Rev. 
Sylvester  Sage  in  Westminster.  Pastor  in  various  places,  d.  Apr.  3, 
1871,  Ascutneyville,  Vt. 

Children  : 
Olivia,  b. ;  m.   1852,  Newton  Gage.     She  res.   As- 
cutneyville, Vt. 
Mary  Ann,  b.  Nov.  16,  1817;  m.  1846,  Rev.  Alfred  Stevens, 
pastor  at  Westminster,  Vt.,  for  40  years.     Local  historian. 
She  d.  1857,  he  d.  1893. 

Sophia,  b. ;  d.  while  student  at  Mt.  Holyoke  Sem. 

Caroline,  b.  1827;  m.  1850,  Albert  L.  Waite. 

128  Ambrose  Tyler^  Arnold  (Esther^  Ranney,  Ephraim*, 
Thomas^  Thomas^,  Thomas^),  b.  Nov.  19,  1790,  Westminster,  Vt. ; 
d.  Dec.  2,  1818,  Westminster;  m.  Oct.  26,  1814,  Priscilla  Farn- 
ham,  b.  Oct.  26,  1789,  Walpole,  N.  H. ;  d.  Apr.  28,  1871,  West- 
minster. She  was  the  adopted  daughter  of  JoeP  Ranney  and  m. 
(2)   Mar.  11,  1824,  Joseph"  Ranney  as  his  3d  wife. 

Children : 

298  Ambrose,  b.   June   19,   1815. 

299  Fenelon,  b.  Jan.  25,  1817. 

129  Rev.  Joel  Ranney*^  Arnold  (Esther^  Ranney,  Ephraim*, 
Thomas^  Thomas2,  Thomas^),  b.  Apr.  25,  1794,  Westminster,  Vt. ; 


m.  Julia  Arnold.  Grad.  Middlebiiry  Coll.,  studied  luedicine  then 
theology  with  Eev.  Sylvester  Sage  and  his  brother,  Kev.  Seth 
Shailer  Arnold.  Settled  14  years  at  Chester,  N.  H.  and  many 
years   in    Colchester,    Conn.     Eleven    children. 

130     James''    Eanney    (Janna^.    Ephraim"*,   Thomas^,   Thomas-, 

Thomas^),  b.  Apr.  30,  1790,  Westminster,  Vt.;  m.  May  22,  1811, 
Rebecca  Parker,  b.  June  30,  1790,  Springfield,  Vt.;  d.  June  17, 
1833,  Delaware,  Ohio,  dau.  of  Isaac  Parker  and  Elizabeth  Walker. 
Prof,  of  Languages;  res.  in  Ohio;  then  in  Ala;  d.  June,  1835, 
Claiborne,  Ala. 

Children  : 

300  Ralph  Parker,  b.  Mar.  12,  1812. 

Lewis  Phelps,  b.  July  10,  1814;  d.  Feb.,  1817. 

301  Lewis  H.,  b.  Oct.  18,  1817. 

302  Isaac,  b.  Feb.  21,  1820. 

130a  George"  Andrus  (Sarah^  Ranney,  Willett%  Willett^' 
Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  Oct.  11,  1789;  m.  Aug.  16,  1810,  Angelina 
Betts,  dau.  of  Capt.  Jesse  Belts  and  Mary  Jarvis  of  Norwalk, 
Ct.     He  was  prominent  in  business  life  and  had  12  children. 

Almira^  b.  Apr.  24,  1815;  d.  Sept.  6.  1897;  m.  Elihu  Allen, 
b.  Aug.  3,  1806,  son  of  Joseph  Allen  and  Prudence  Earl, 
descendant  of  George  Allen,  who  came,  1635,  from  Wey- 
mouth, Eng.,  to  Massachusetts,  and  of  Ralph  Earl  who  in 
1638  arrived  at  Newport,  R.  I.  Following  the  trade  of 
his  father,  he  was  for  over  50  years  "  the  village  black- 
smith." He  d.  July  16,  1886,  Pierrepont  Manor,  N.  Y. 
George^  Allen,  b.  Mar.  1,  1840,  attended  the  Zion  Ch. 
School.  R.  R.  clerk  1864-1891.  Since  then  with  Citizen's 
Nat.  Bank,  Adams,  N.  Y. 

130b  Delia  Ann"  Willis  (SybiP  Rannev,  Willett*,  Willett^, 
Thomas2,  Thomas^),  b.l793;  d.  1860;  m.  Sept.  15,  1816,  Adams, 
N.  Y.,  William  Hart,  b.  1786,  Clinton,  N.  Y.,  d.  Nov.  6,  1834,  son 


of  Amasa  Hart  and  Phebe  Roberts,  who  rem.  from  Bristol,  Conn.,  to 
Clinton,  N.  Y. 

Children : 
James  Munroe,  b.  July  29,  1817;  d.  unm.  Aug.  14,  1896, 

Oswego,  N.  Y. 
William  Dwight,  b.  1818;  d.  unm.  1898,  Adams,  N.  Y. 

George,  b. ;  d. . 

Henry,  b. ;  d. ,  age  28, 

Delia,  b.  1828;  d.  Nov.  1859,  Oswego,  N.  Y. ;  m.  Naaman 
Hunger  ford. 
302a     John  Jay,  b.  Mar.  13,  1831. 

131  Willett  Ranney*^  Willis  (bro.  to  Delia  Ann),  b.  Feb.  22, 
1799,  Cayuga,  N.  Y.;  d.  Jan.  27,  1877,  Adams,  N.  Y. ;  m.  May  19, 
1829,  West  Schuyler,  N.  Y.,  Mary  Burch  b.  Oct.  27,  1800 ;  d.  Sept. 
2,  1882,  dau.  of  Robert  Burch  and  Polly  Spaulding.  He  was  a 
woolen  manufacturer  for  over  50  years.  Was  a  noted  abolitionist 
co-operating  with  Gerritt  Smith  in  conducting  a  station  of  the 
underground  railroad  to  Canada,  a  Republican  and  Presbyterian. 

Children : 
Mary  Sybil,  b.  Dec.  3.  1830;  m.  D.  W.  Hawley,  res.  Roches- 
ter, N.  Y. 
Elizabeth,   b.   July   20,    1832;   d.   May,    1903;   m.   Thomas 

Coughlan;  dau.  is  Mrs.  James  W.  Taylor,  N".  Y.  City. 
Robert  Burch,  b.  Sept.  6,  1834;  d.  July  9,  1800. 
Isaac  Burch,  b.  Aug.  27,  1836;  d.  Jan.  8,  1889;  m.  Feb. 
15,    1865,   Brooklyn,   N",   Y.,   Agnes   Rebecca   Smith,  b. 
Mar.  27,  1841,  Stamford,  Ct. ;    dau.  of  Joseph  Smith 
and    Caroline    Elizabeth    Lockwood.      He    was    a   mer- 
chant, F.  &  A.  M.,  Rep.,  Epis.     Child: 
Ida  Agnes,  b.  Oct.  2,  1869,  New  Rochelle,  N.  Y. ;  m.  Oct. 
30,  1895,  Stamford,  Ct.,  Frederick  Werner,  b.  Aug.  2, 
1854,  Albanv,  N.  Y. ;    lawyer.  Rep..  Presb. ;    res.  Stam- 
ford, Ct. 

303     Willett  Ranney,  b.  Sept.  15,  1839. 

Katherine,   b.   Jan.   20,   1842;   m.    G.   W.    Mackie,   she   res. 
Adams,  N.  Y. 

132  Anson"  Ranney  (Willett^  Willett*,  Willett^,  Thomas^, 
Thomas^),  b.  Aug.  5,  1802:  m.  Sept.  13,  1832,  Watertown,  N.  Y., 
Mary  Ann  Eliza  Gasner,  the  adopted  daughter  of  Olney  Pearce, 


the  officiating  clergyman  being  the  Eev.  George  S.  Boardman. 
His  death  occiirred  Mar.  31,  1859.  She  d.  Mar.  31,  1852,  aged  39 
years.  As  Anson  Eanney  had  injured  himself  in  the  woods  when 
a  boy  his  father  determined  to  make  a  business  man  of  him. 
From  a  sketch  of  him  by  Mr.  Joseph  Fayel  in  the  Watertown 
Daily  Standard  of  May  19,  1906,  it  is  gathered  that  Anson  was  nat- 
urally a  very  quick  and  studious  boy  and  was  also  fond  of  reading 
all  books  that  he  could  buy  or  borrow.  While  he  was  suffering  under 
his  infirmities  kind  friends  would  bring  him  text  books,  and  by 
studious  application  he  became  a  good  English  scholar.  He 
mastered  the  intricacies  of  higher  mathematics  without  a  teacher, 
and  was  a  fine  and  rapid  penman.  He  became  a  clerk  in  the  store 
of  Olney  Pearce  in  Watertown,  a  very  prominent  merchant  and 
public  spirited  citizen,  marrying  his  adopted  daughter  and  be- 
coming his  partner  in  the  business,  which  was  established  at 
Tlieresa.  There  were  then  but  a  few  scattering  houses  there  and 
the  ashes  gathered  from  burning  the  timber  in  clearing  lands  was 
about  the  only  commodity  the  people  had  to  sell  in  exchange  for 
store  goods.  The  ashes  were  manufactured  into  potash,  then  a' 
valuable  article  of  commerce.  Mr.  Eanney  had  a  literary  turn  of 
mind  and  spent  his  evenings  in  congenial  pursuits.  He  was  a 
worker  in  the  Presbyterian  Church  and  was  of  the  Henry  Clay 
stamp  in  politics,  very  liberal  in  church  schools  and  public  affairs. 
He  was  the  pioneer  in  improving  the  power  at  the  falls  on  Indian 
Eiver.  In  1834  he  constructed  a  dam  and  in  1838  erected  a  large 
flouring  mill. 

Ann  Eliza,  b.  Aug.  18,  1834;  d.  Aug.  29,  1854,  Lockport,  N. 
Y. ;  m.  May  19,   1853,  Dr.  Josiah  Hammond  Helmer. 
b.  Jan.   23,   1821;    d.   Aug.   19,   1904,  Theresa,  N.   Y. 
While    a   physician,   he    also    engaged    in    railroad    and 
m'fg  enterprises.     He  rem.   to  Lockport  in  1852,  and 
was  quite  prominent  in  the  church.     Child: 
Anna    Florence,    b.    Apr.    27,    1854;    m.    Charles    Lowery 
Snow.     Ees.  Buffalo,  N.  Y.     Child: 
Helmer,  b.  Mar.  17,  1881.    Ees.  Newark,  N.  J. 
Willett,  b.  Mar.  1,  1836;  d.  May  2,  1840. 
Edward  Ferguson,  b.  Jan.  22,  1838;  d.  Apr.   18,   1839. 
Edward  Willett,  b.  July  31,  1840;  d.  Sept.  17,  1841. 
Olney  Pearce,  b.  Sept.  1,  1842;  d.  May  30,  1869;  m.  Nov.  10. 

1864,  Annie  E.  Fernald  who  res.  Washington,  D.  C. 
Philip,  b.  Oct.  23,  1845;  d.  June,  1905,  N.  Y.  City.     First 
Lieut.  Co.  K,  26th  N.  Y.  Cav.  Vols.,  mustered  out  at  close 
of  war;   in   lumber   business   in   Lockport,   N.   Y. ;    Capt. 


7th  Separate  Co.  N.  Y.  S  N.  G. ;  1877  to  Chicago ;  1880- 
84  lumber  business  in  St.  Paul,  later  in  gold  mining. 
Anson,  b.  Oct.  1,  1847;  d.  Jan.  25,  1849. 

133  John^  Eanney  (Willett^  Willett*,  Willett^  ThomaV, 
Thomas^),  b.  Jan.  16,"  1803,  Rome,  N".  Y. ;  d.  Aug.,  1891.  at  the 
residence  of  his  son,  George,  in  Cannonsburg,  Mich. ;  m.  Mar.  29, 
1827,  Lovina  Bristol,  b.  Aug.  18,  1805;  d.  Mar.  29,  1866.  He 
was  a  farmer  at  Smithville,  JST.  Y.,  then  a  pioneer  in  Greeley,  Col. 

Children : 
George,  b.  Aug.   26,   1828 ;  m.  Jan»,  1858,  Cornelia  Smith. 
No  chil. ;  Res.   Cannonsburg,  Mich. 

304  Willett  Phineas,  b.  Sept.  1,  1830. 

305  Daniel  Bristol,  b.  Jan.  2,  1834. 

De  Elbert,  b.  June  28,  1839;  d.  Feb.  7,  1887;  m.  1869,  Eva 

Chappell  of  Green  Bay. 
Mary  Butler,  b.  Sept.  1,1841;  m.  June  16,  1872,  James  M. 

Hungerford.     Res.    Toronto,    Canada. 

306  Martha  Cornelia,  b.  May  2,  1845. 

Emma  Jeannette,  b.  Mar.  13,  1851;  d.  May,  1898;  m.  Julius 
Marx;  dau.  Edith,  b.  Oct.  1874.     Res.  Denver,  Col. 

134  Sophronia"  Ranney  (Willett%  Willett*,  Willett^  Thomas-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Mar.  31,  1807,  Rome,  N.  Y.;  m.  Feb.  9,  1832,  Red- 
field,  N.  Y.,  Reuben  Drake,  b.  Jan.  15,  1801,  Redfield,  N.  Y. ;  d. 
Feb.  5,  1895,  Wabasha,  Minn.  He  was  app.  by  President  Jackson 
postmaster  at  Redfield  and  held  it  for  30  years,  then  P.  M.  for  some 
years  at  Beaver,  Minn.;  1846,  N".  Y.  Legislature;  J.  P.  of  Redfield 
for  years.  She  was  a  mem.  of  Disciples  Ch.  and  d.  Feb.  15,  1887, 
Beaver,  Minn. 

Children : 

307  Ellen,  b.  Dec.  1,  1832 ;  m.  G.  T.  Knowles. 

308  Jeannette,   b.    Aug.   8,    1836;   m.   J.   R.    Martin. 

309  Brayton,  b.  Nov.   18,  1838. 

310  Margaret,  b.  Apr.  25,  1842;  m.  Wm.  Buckingham. 

135  Mary«  Ranney  (Willett^  Willett^  Willett^  Thomas^, 
Thomas^),  b.  Feb.  1,  1809,  Rome,  N".  Y.;  d.  May  20,  1899,  Akron, 
0.;  m.  Jan.  25,  1832,  Volney  Chamberlain,  b.  Dec.  5,  1804,  Rod- 
field,  N".  Y.;  d.  Apr.  23,  1885,  Stow,  0.,  son  of  Ebenezer  Chamber- 
lain  and  Susanna  Jones  of  Middletown,  Ct. 


Children : 
Orville   Le   Grand,   b.   Oct.   29,   1832,   Redfield,   N.   Y.;   d. 
Mar.    22,    1885,    Shreveport,    La.;    m.    June    19,    1860. 

Alexandria,  La.,  Maria  E.  Grogan,  b.  ;    d, 

June   23,    1887,   Alexandria,   La.      He   was   rhechanical 
engineer,   Captain  in   Confederate  Army.     Children: 
James  W.,  b.  May  8,  1861. 
Charles  V.,  b.  Jan.  19,  1863;  d.  June  6,  1869. 
Marian  Gertrude,  b.  Nov.  6,  1837;  unm.,  res.  Akron,  0, 
Leora  Esther,  b.  Oct.,  1840;  m.  Oct.  2,  1866,  Stow,  0.,  John 
Deuble,  b.  Mar.  15,  1842,  Canton,  0.;  d.  Oct.  4,  1894; 
druggist;  Q.  M.  S.  and  2d  Lieut.  Co.  H,  115th  Reg., 
0.  V.  I.,  Aug.  12,   1862— June  22,  1865.    Widow  res. 
Akron,    0.      Children: 
Grace  Kent,  b.  Mar.  22,   1868;  m.  Dec.   10,   1898,  Geo. 
Probert,  b.   Feb.   22,   1870;    bookkeeper.  Rep.,  F.  & 
A.  M.,  K.  of  P.;   res.  Akron,  0.    Children: 
Marion  Lucille,  b.  Nov.  4,  1900. 
Willett  Kennette,  b.  Nov.  10,  1903. 
James  Willett,  b.  Oct.  6,  1843;  m.  Nov.  16,  1871,  Emma 
Virginia    Fay.    b.    Apr.    5,    1845,    Akron,    0.,    dau.    of 
Nahum   Fay  and  Lucia   Cummings;    Meth.,   D.   A.   R. 
He  is  mech.  engineer.  Rep.,  Serg.  Co.  C,  115th  0.  V.  I., 
Aug.  10,  1862— June  22,  1865;    G.  A.  R. ;    res.  Akron, 
Charles  Lester,  b.  June  28,  1846,  Redfield,  N.  Y. ;  d.  Aug. 
20,  1899,  Wabasha,  Minn.;    m.  Nov.  20,  1870,  Loretta 
Woodard,  b.  Sept.  27,  1846,  of  English  ancestry;    Rep., 
Cong.,   F.  &  A.  M.,  lumber,  active  in  public  improve- 
ments.    Widow   res.   Wabasha,   Minn.      Children: 
Edith,  b.  July  11,  1875. 
Mary   Gertrude,  b.   Aug.-  5,   1877. 

Willett  Ranney,  b.  Dec.  1,  1879;  m.  May  6,  1903,  Etta 
Monroe,  b.  Dec.  25,  1878,  of  Scotch  ancestry.     Res. 
Wabasha,   Minn.      Child: 
Charles  Kenneth,  b.  Mar.  26,  1906. 
Bessie  Leora,  b.  Dec.  22,  1883. 
p]dgar  Volney,  b.  Oct.  4,  1851;  d.  May  14,  1891;  m.  Feb.  3, 
1875,  Mary  C.  Bradley,  b.  July  12,  1850,  Streetboro,  0., 
dau.  of  Geo.  Bradley  and  Nancy  Paulina.    Res.  Kent,  0. 

136  Jeanette'^  Rannev  (Willett^  Willett*,  Willett^  Thomas2, 
Thomas^),  b.  Nov.  22,  1811,  Smithville,  N.  Y. ;  d.  Mar.  15,  1894, 
St.  Paul,  Minn. ;  m. ,  1844,  Dr.  Sheldon  Brooks,  b.—  son  of — 


In  1856  ill  health  sent  Dr.  Brooks  to  the  territory  of  Minne- 
sota, where  he  built  a  home  in  the  White  Water  Valley,  laid 
out  a  town  and  named  it  Beaver.  Minnesota  was  admitted  as  a 
State  in  1868.  He  was  a  member  of  the  second  session  of  its 
legislature,  making  the  journey  to  St.  Paul,  30  hours  distant  by 
stage-relays  up  the  frozen  Mississippi.  All  that  goes  to  make 
pioneer  life  Jeanette  Eanney  Brooks  and  Dr.  Brooks  experienced. 
They  resided  later  at  Minneiska  and  Winona,  he  dying  in  the 
latter  place  .  The  widow  then  resided  with  her  chil- 
dren in  St.  Paul  until  her  death. 

Children : 
George,  b.  Jan.,  1845;    d.  Sept.  3,  1861. 

311  Lester  Eanney,  b.  May  19,  1847. 

312  Dwight  Frederic,  b.  June  10,  1849. 

313  Anson  Strong,  b.  Sept.  6,  1852. 

137  Orville  Willett^  Eannv  (same  as  supra),  b.  1814, 
Adams,  N.  Y. ;  m.  1851,  Amelia  E.  Goodale,  who  d.  Nov.,  1903. 
Buffalo,  N.  Y.,  the  daughter  of  Dr.  Goodale  of  Watertown,  N.  Y. 
At  15  he  was  a  clerk  in  his  brother  Anson's  store.  In  1835  he  was 
with  Carrington  &  Pratt  of  Oswego.  In  1839  in  Salina  with 
McCarthy  &  Son.  In  1844  he  rem.  to  Buffalo  and  engaged  in  the 
salt  trade  with  great  success  until  the  law  of  1859  changed  the 
current.    Then  he  became  a  mfr.    He  d.  1883. 

Jeannette,  b.  1855,  Watertown,  N.  Y. ;  m.  1872,  Frank  Pease. 
Marguerite,   b.    1873,   is  a  teacher  where  her  mother  re- 
sides, Colorado  Springs,  Col. 

137a  Lester"  Eanney  (Bro.  to  Anson),  b.  Sept.  29,  1815:  d. 
Apr.  10,  1887;  m.  Olive'Mahala  Wood,  b.  Aug.  21,  1821,  d.  Dec.  26, 
1895.  He  bought  all  the  other  interests  in  the  home  farm  and  died 
on  the  old  homestead.  He  dealt  largely  in  neat  cattle  for  years. 
The  old  homestead  was  for  years  the  rallying  place  of  the  Willett 
Eanney  clan. 

Children : 
Charles  Anson,  b.  Mar.  14,  1846;  d.  Apr.  15,  1847. 
Orville  Wood,  b.  Mar.  5,  1849,  unm.     Ees.  on  the  old  home- 
stead, dealer  in  neat  cattle. 
Lester  Brodner,  b.  Aug.  27,  1859 ;  d.  Apr.  22,  1874. 

K  * 


138  Norman*'  Eanney  (Butler^  Willett%  Willett^  Thomas% 
Thomas^),  b.  Watertown,  N.  Y. ;  m.  1830,  Amelia  Bagley,  dan.  of 
Henry  Bagley  and  Mary  Boynton.     He  rem.  to   Canton,   111. 

Children : 

314  Minerva  Caroline,  b.  1831;  m.  1851,  Jesse  Logan  Jones,  d. 

July  3.  1884,  Henry,  111.     She  res.  Omaha,  Neb.  Chil- 
dren: Joseph  A.  and  Wylie  L,     Ees.  Omaha,  Neb. 
314a  Julia,  b.  1833;  d.  1863;  m.  A.  W.  Poole,  d.  1888.    Children: 

Amelia,  m.  William  McDougal. 

Jennie,  m.  F.  T.  McCoy. 

Minera,  m.  Walter  Eeynolds.     Ees.  Chicago,  111.    * 

315  Zenana  Amelia,  b.  Mar.  25,  1836;  d.  Oct.  4,  1880;  m.  Nov. 

9,   1853,   Joseph  Henderson  Jones,  b.   Apr.   30,   1832, 
Washington  Co.,  Ind.     Merchant,  Presb.     Ees.  Henry, 

111        ClzttdTBTl  ' 

Elizabeth  Eva,  b.  Aug.  15,  1856 ;   d.  Jan.  6,  1860. 

Ida  Amelia,  b.  July  18,  1858;    m.  Harry  Lea  Gregory. 

Ees.  Vincennes,  Ind. 
Cannah,  b.  Dec.  16,  1861;    m.  Hattie  Eiley.     Ees.  Vin- 
cennes, Ind. 
John  Logan,  b.  Jan.  14,  1864 ;  m.  Cora  Lane.    Ees.  Peoria, 

Julia,  b.  June  1,  1867 ;   m.  Nov.  9,  1893,  Charles  Sumner 
Crary,  b.  Nov.  14,  1863,  Fort  Eecovery,  0.     Manu- 
facturer,  Eep.,    F.    &    A.    M.     Ees.    Hoopeston,    111. 
Children : 
Zenana,  b.  Dec.  12,  1894. 
Marcella,  b.  Jan.  10,  1899. 
Ida,  b.  Jan.  6,  1901. 

Sumner,  b.  Apr.  21,  1903 ;    d.  Mar.  11,  1905. 
Virginia,  b.  Apr.  21,  1903. 
Norman  Eanney,  b.  Nov.  13,  1873;    d.  May  11,  1888. 

139  Samuel  HalF'  Eanney  (Oeorge^  Georsfe*.  George^ 
Thomas^  Thomas^),  b.  Mar.  6,  1772.  Chatham,  Ct,;  m.  Polly 
Stewart  of  Branford,  Ct.  Eem.  to  Ashfield,  Mass.,  and  settled  on 
the  farm  adj.  his  father's.  In  1821  he  built  the  two-story  house 
still  standing.  In  1836,  he  rem.  to  Phelps,  N.  Y.  where  he  d. 
June  27,  1837.     She  d.  abt.  1850,  Michigan. 

Children : 
317a  Lucretia,  b.  June  17,  1796;  m.   (1)   Lemuel  Sears;  m.   (2) 
1820,  Col.  Nehemiah  Hathaway. 


Braddock,  b.  May  20,  1800;  d.  Sept.  6,  1803. 
Harriet,  b.  Mar.  "12,  1802;  d.  Aug.  22,  1803. 

318  William,  b.  Sept.  6,  1805. 

Dexter,  b.   June   5,   1808;  drowned   Aug.   22,    1850,   Grand 

Rapids,  Mich. ;  m.  Laura  Robinson. 
Lucius,  b.  June  12,  1812;  d.  Feb.  1,  1815. 
Julia,  b.  Nov.  7,  1815;  d.  unm.  Sept.,  1838. 
Emily,  b.  Jan.   9,   1818;  d.  Apr.   22,   1837;  m.  Dr.  James 


319  Frederick  Thompson,  b.  Mar.  12,  1820. 

140  Jesse^  ,  Ranney  (George^,  George*,  George^  Thomas^, 
Thomas^),  b.  Oct.  13.  1775,  Chatham,  Ct.;  m.  Dec.  5,  1798,  Ruth 
Flower,  dau.  of  Bildad  Flower.  He  settled  on  the  farm  in  Ash- 
field  next  north  of  his  father's.  This  he  sold  in  1818  to  his 
brother  Joseph  and  purchased  another  farm  on  which  he  died  July 
18,  1861.  For  many  years  he  had  been  an  active  member  of  the 
Baptist  Church,  "  was  a  man  of  sterling  good  sense ;  of  retiring 
disposition;  of  exemplary  life,  and  most  esteemed  by  those  who 
knew  him  best."    She  d.'Sept.  4,  1868. 

Children : 

320  James,  b.  Sept.  15,  1799. 

Bildad,  b.  Feb.  27,  1802;  d.  Aug.  4,  1815. 

321  Charles,  b.  Dec.  4,  1803. 

322  Hannah,  b.   Dec.   16,   1805;   m.   Richard  Ellis. 

323  Erastus,  b.  Oct.  8,  1807. 

324  Amanda,  b.  Aug.  17,  1809;  d.  Oct.  19,  1884;  m.  (1)  Elijah 

Richmond;  (2)  Wilson  Elmer. 

325  Edwin  E.,  b.  July  25,  1811. 

Polly,  b.  Feb.  16,  1815 ;  d.  1870 ;  m.  A.  F.  Daniels. 
Lucretia,  b.   Feb.  9,  1819;  m.  Darius  Cross. 

326  Ruth   Ann,   b.  June   23,   1821;   m.   Sylvester  W.   Hall. 

141  Joseph®  Ranney  (George^,  George*,  George^,  Thomas-, 
Thomas^),  b.  July,  1777,  Chatham,  Ct.;  m.  June  18,  1801,  Sarah 

Waterman  of  Chatham,   b.- — ;   d.   Sept.   9,   1825,   Ashfield. 

Mass.,  dau.  of  Capt.  Joseph  Waterman;  m.  (2)  Feb.  26,  1826, 
Tempey  Eldridge;  m.  (3)  May  17,  1831,  Lucy  Selden,  widow 
of  Lemuel  Eldridge.  In  1810  he  and  his  wife  sold  their  interest 
in  her  father's  estate,  and  he  bought  a  home  in  Chatham,  where 
he  worked  in  the  quarries.  He  remained  tjiere  till  1818,  when  he 
ret.  to  Ashfield.     He  was  killed  in  his  wood  lot  bv  a  blow  from  a 


falling  tree.     He  was  a  member  of  the  Episcopal  Church.     He  d. 
Jan.  15,  1838.     She  d.  July  19,  1862. 

Children : 
Clarissa,  b.  1803 ;  d.  before  1830. 
Harriet,  b.  Sept.,  1805 ;  m.  Lyman  Williams. 
Samuel,  b.  1807  ;  lived  7  days. 
Emily,  b.  Dec,  1808;  d.  Apr.  3,  1811. 

327  Samuel  Allen,  b.  Sept.,  1811. 

Edward,  b.  Nov.  9,  1814;  d.  Dec.  15,  1839;  m.  Nov..  1837, 
Marvilla  Selden.     No  children. 

328  Sarah  Amelia,  b.  Nov.,  1817;  m.  Levi  C.  Kingman. 

329  Eliza  Ann,   b.    Sept.    9,   1820;   m.   Samuel   Kingman. 

330  Sabra,  b.  Dec.  25,  1828 ;  m.  Oscar  Richardson. 

331  Clarissa,  b.  Dec.  7,  1832 ;  d.  Sept.  5,  1892 ;  m.  C.  T.  Parker. 

142  Esther''  Ranney  (George^,  George*,  George^,  Thomas^, 
Thomas^),  b.  Mar.  5,  1784;  m.  (1)  Mav  3,  1803,  Benjamin  Jones, 
b.  Mar.  17,  1783,  Williamsburg,  Mass.,"^and  d.  Sept.  20,  1804;  m. 
(2)  July  27,  1809,  Forest  Jepson.  b.  Mar.  4,  1783,  Goshen,  Mass., 
and  d.  Sept.  20,  1844,  Ashfield.  She  d.  Aug.  23,  1862,  Northamp- 
ton, Mass. 

Child  hy  1st  marriage: 
Benjamin,  b.  Oct.  15,  1804. 

Children  hy  2d  marriage: 
Marcia,  b.  July  7,  1810;  m.  Jefferson  Leach. 
Esther,  b.  Jan.  13,  1812;  m.  J.  C.  Pearl. 
Forest,  b.  Aug.  22,  1813. 
Orrin,  b.   Feb.   25,   1815. 
Julia,  b.  May  25,  1817;  m.  Jesse  Morse. 
George  Ranney,  b.  Feb.  19,  1819. 

332  Calista,  b.  Aug.   16,  1821;  m.  L.   H.  Blanden. 
Betsey  M.,  b.  Apr.  9.  1823 ;  m.  John  T.  Thurston. 
Mary  F.,  b.  Dec.  16,  1824;  m.  W.  E.  Landon. 
Dwight  S.,  b.  Nov.  16,  1826. 

Lucretia,  b.  Jan.  25,  1829 ;  m.  John  T.  Thurston. 

143  George®  Ranney  (George^,  George*,  George^,  Thomas^, 
Thomas^),  b.  May  12,  1789,  Ashfield,  Mass.;  m.  Nov.  11,  1811, 
Achsah  Sears,  b.  1789 ;  d.  Aug.  7,  1869,  dau.  of  Paul  Sears.  He 
succeeded  to  his  father's  homestead.  Rem.  1833  to  Phelps,  N.  Y., 
where  he  d.  Sept.  9,  1842.  He  much  resembled  his  father  in 
personal  appearance — was  short  in  stature,  thick  ?et,  with  a  com- 
pact, vigorous  frame. 


Children  : 

333  Alonzo  Franklin,  b.  Sept.  13,  1813. 

George  Lewis,  b.  Mar.  10,  1815;  d.  Apr.,  1881;  m.  Sarah 
McConnell.     No  children. 

334  Henry  Sears,  b.  Mar.   5,  1817. 

335  Lucius,  b.  Apr.  12,  1819. 

Priscilla  M.,  b.  Jan.  19,  1822;  m.  Randolph  Densmore.  One 
dau.  d.  young. 

336  Harrison  Jackson,  b.  Mar.  4,  1824. 

Lyman  A.,  b.  Aug.  1,  1828;  d.  unm.  Mar.  7,  1854,  Van 
Buren,  Ark. 

337  Lemuel  Sears,  b.  Jan.  7,  1831. 

338  Anson  Bement,  b.  May  31,  1833. 

144  Capt.  RoswelP  Ranney  (Thomas^,  George*,  George^, 
Thomas',  Thomas^),  b.  Nov.  22,  1782,  Chatham,  (formerly  E. 
Middletown),  Ct.;  m.  Feb.  7,  1802,  Irinda  Bement,  b.  Sept.  11, 
1779,  dau.  of  John  Bement.  Became  prominent  in  public  affairs  in 
Ashfield,  Mass.,  where  his  father  had  rem.  in  1792.  Capt.  of 
Militia;  twice  Rep.  in  Legislature;  held  various  town  offices;  ex- 
tensive farmer  and  speculator.  Succeeded  to  his  father's  farm. 
In  1839  rem.  to  Phelps,  N.  Y.,  where  he  built  a  cobble  stone  house 
and  barn.     She  d.  Apr.  18,  1844;  he  d.  Sept.  7,  1848. 

Children  : 

339  Horace,  b.  May  22,  1803. 

Daughter,  b.  Aug.  15,  1804;  d.  same  day. 

340  Willis,  b.  Sept.  22,  1805. 

341  Clarissa,  b.  Oct.  3,  1807;  m.  Wait  Bement. 

342  Madison,  b.  Oct.  9,  1809. 

Hiram,  b.  May  20,  1812;  d.  June  10,  1814. 

343  Mary,  b.  Oct. 'o,  1814;  m.  Dr.  Milo  Wilson. 

Amanda,  b.  Mar.  23,  1817 ;  d.  June  14,  1847 ;  m.  Jacob  Jen- 
kins.    Infant  buried  with  her. 

344  Hiram,  b.  Oct.  30,  1819. 

Thomas,  b.  Aug.  7,  1825;  m.  Sept.  6,  1848,  Cordelia  Butler 
of  Phelps.  He  died  Oct.,  1878,  at  Boise  City,  Idaho  Ter- 
ritory, where  he  was  for  many  years  chief  clerk  in  the 
office  of  the  United  States  Revenue  Collector;  Lillian, 
their  only  child  m.  George  N.  Burbridge,  and  lived  in 
Geneva,  N.  Y. ;  died  Nov.  24,  1902,  childless,  about  two 
years  after  her  husband. 

145  William*'  Ranney  (Thomas^,  George*,  George'',  Thomas-, 
Thomas^),  b.  June  30,  1785,  Chatham,  formerly  East  Middletown, 


Ct;  m.  Dec,  1807,  Ashfield,  Mass.,  Betsey  Alden,  b.  1789,  Ashfield, 
(1.  May  9,  1870,  of  the  Alden  stock  of  Plymouth  Rock.  In  1835 
he  rem.  to  Aiirelius,  N,  Y.,  and  then  to  Eldridge,  N.  Y.,  where  he 
d.  Sept.  9,  1857. 

Children  : 

Betsey,  b.  1805;  d.  1881;  m.  Fernando  C.  Annable. 

John,  b.  1811;  d.  1864,  Almena,  Mich. 

345  Luke,  b.  Nov.  8,  1815. 
Martha,  b. 

Mary.  b. ;  m.  Edwin  Whitney. 

146  Giles*'  Eanney  (Francis^,  George'*,  George'*,  Thomas^, 
Thomas^),  b.  Aug.  15,  1773,  Chatham,  Ct.;  m.  Nov.  29,  1798, 
Lydia  Bryant,  b.  May  10,  1775,  Ashfield,  Mass. ;  d.  June  18,  1852, 
Ashfield.  He  was  a  farmer,  rem.  with  his  father  1786,  to  Ashfield 
where  he  d.  Sept.  16,  1854. 

Children  : 

346  Francis,  b.  Apr.  8,  1800. 

Nehemiah,  b.  Oct.  27,  1803;  d.  unm.  Jan.  10,  1881. 

Euth,  b.  May  30,  1806 ;  m.  Bela  Dyer. 

Lucy  Bryant,  b.  Mar.  6,  1808;  d.  unm.  June  17,  1890. 

347  Mary,  b.  Oct.  3,  1810 ;  m.  May  25,  1832,  Alvan  Dyer. 

348  James  Allen,  b.  Jan.  28,   18i3. 

Lydia,  b.  Dec.  27,  1815;  d.  Mar.  13,  1816. 

349  Charles,  b.  Dec.  16,  1816. 

George  C,  b.  Nov.  27,  1820.  Left  home  and  never  heard  from. 

147  DanieP  Eanney  (Francis^  George*,  George^,  Thomas^, 
Thomas^),  b.  1776,  Chatham,  Ct.;  m.  May  10,  1800,  Anna  Bid- 
well  of  Chatham.  He  had  rem.  to  Ashfield,  Mass.  in  1786,  with  his 
parents,  but  returned  to  marry  the  girl  he  knew  in  childhood.  In 
1821  he  rem.  to  Leroy,  N.  Y.,  and  in  1856  to  the  home  of  his 
daughter,  Mrs.  Charlotte  Havens,  Cass,  Dupage  Co.,  111.,  where  he 
d.  Mar.  14,  1857.  The  following  from  the  pen  of  his  grandson. 
Dr.  Geo.  E.  Eanney,  appeared  in  the  Batavia,  N.  Y.,  Advocate  of 
April  15,  1857. 

"  As  a  shock  of  wheat  fully  ripe,"  a  patriarch  has  been  called  to 
his  final  resting  place.  Eespected  by  all  who  knew  him,  esteemed 
by  his  intimate  friends  and  beloved  by  his  widely  extended  family 
circle — trusting  in  the  atonement  made  by  his  Savior,  he  calmly 
closed  his  eyes  in  death,  with  no  dread  of  the  future;  but  on  the 
contrary  relying  upon  "  the  promises  " ;  certain  of  the  blessed  im- 
mortality.   Less  than  a  year  since  he  removed  to  Illinois,  anticipat- 


ing  mil'ch  pleasure  in  his  former  occupation  of  reading,  under  the 
roof  of  his  son-in-law,  residing  there,  but  so  soon  has  been  called 

Mr.  Eanney  at  an  early  day  left  New  England  and  took  up  his 
residence  in  what  was  then  the  almost  unbroken  forest  of  Western 
New  York.  As  a  pioneer  of  the  "  Genesee  Country  "  he  lent  all  of 
his  energies  to  the  development  of  its  resources.  Fond  of  books, 
from  his  well  stored  mind  ho  could  draw  good  from  the  public,  as 
well  as  bestow  the  results  of  "  brawn  and  muscle."  Always  active, 
industrious,  energetic  and  intelligent,  he  remained  in  the  vicinity 
of  Le  Roy,  till  he  saw  his  faniily  grow  up  about  him  to  be  men 
and  women,  and  "  the  wilderness  to  blossom  as  the  rose." 

It  will  be  a  source  of  consolation  to  his  many  friends  and  rela- 
tives residing  in  Le  Roy,  Pavilion  and  Stafford,  to  know  that  he 
breathed  his  last  among  warm  friends  and  received  every  atten- 
tion that  affection  could  suggest  to  smooth  the  pathway  to  the 

Children : 
;}50     Joel,  b.  Feb.  G,  1807. 

Hezekiah  Bartlett,  b.  1808;    d.  1832. 

Julia,  b.  r-;    m.   Aziel  Crittenden. 

Charlotte,  b.  ;    m.  Lorin  Havens. 

351     Ozias,  b.  Oct.  13,  1817. 

147a  Luther"  Ranney  (bro.  to  Giles),  b.  Sept.  6,  1785,  East 
Middletown,  Ct. ;  was  a  year  old  when  his  father  rem.  to  Ashfield, 
Mass. ;  m.  Eunice  Gray  Alden.     Had  eight  children: 

Luther  Bartlett". 

351a  John  Alden,  b.  Feb.  6,  1838. 

Nancy ;  m. Field. 

Sophronia,  m.  Goodwin. 

Rachel,  m.  Charles  Guilford. 


148  Jonathan®  Bosworth  (Mary"^  Rariney,  George*,  George', 
Thomas^  Thomas^),  b.  Jan.  21,  1787;  d.  Apr.  7,  1878;  m.  June 
2,  1811,  Lovisa  Vilona  Darling.  He  was  a  mfr.  of  cast  steel 
and  steel  plate  hoes,  a  deacon  in  Cong.  Ch.  of  Berlin,  Vt.;  where  he 
lived  over  80  years.     He  had   12  children :  The  12th  was 

Joseph  Stillman^  Bosworth,  b.  Aug.  7,  1830,  Berlin,  Vt. ; 
m.  (1)  June  29,  1856,  Mary  Ann  Gardner  of  Lowell. 
Mass.,  who  d.   Sept.   19,   1857;    m.    (2)    Mar.   7,   1860^ 


Harriet  E.  Dustin,  b.  June  24,  1841,  dau.  of  Philander 
Newton  Dustin  and  Cynthia  Knapp.  He  learned  in 
Lowell  the  cabinet  trade,  but  entered  his  father's  fac- 
tory. In  1863  he  lost  his  health  and  died  of  consump- 
tion, Oct.  28,  1872.   Widow  res.  in  Berlin,  Vt.    Children: 

Gardner   Stillman,  b.   Sept.    11,    1857. 

Henry  Newton,  b.  June  4,  1863;  d.  July  26,  1897. 

Marv  Ann,  b.  Feb.  9,  1865 ;  d.  Sept.  10,  1867. 

Geo."^  Eanney,  b.  Aug.  29,  1868;  m.  Oct.  24,  1894,  Mabel 
Hannah  Brown,  b.  Oct.  29,  1874,  dau.  of  Wm.  Brown 
and   Mary  Dewey;    jeweler,   Meth.;  res.  Berlin,  Vt. 
Children  : 
Eavniond  Henry,  b.  Aug.  6,  1897. 
Edward   Brown,  b.   June   29,   1905. 

Orville  Dustin,  b.  May  9,  1871. 

149  Orrin"  Eanney  (Jonathan^,  George*,  Geor^e^,  Thomas^, 
Thomas^),  bapt.  June"  24,  1789,  Chatham,  Ct. ;  m.  Nov.  20,  1810, 
East  Granville,  Mass.,  Betsey  Gibbons,  b.  Aug.  13,  1787,  Granville, 
Mass.    He  d.  abt.  1815.     She  m.  (2)  his  brother  Eeuben. 

Orrin  D.,  b.  Aug.  12,  1812;  rem.  to  Chicago.     Was  m. ;  one 

150  Eeuben^  Eanney  (Jonathan^,  George*,  George^,  Thomas^, 
Thomas^),  b.  July  22,  1790,  Chatham,  Ct. ;  m.  Oct.  6,  1817,  East 
Granville,  Mass.,  Betsey  Gibbons  Eanney,  his  brother's  widow.  He 
res.  some  years  in  Ashfield,  Mass.,  then  Granville,  Mass. ;  d.  Feb.  1, 
1879,  Elizabeth,  N.  J.     She  d.  Mar.  6,  1882,  Elizabeth,  N.  J. 

Nancy  Deborah,  b.  Sept.  4,  1818;  d.  Dec.  31,  1885.     Princi- 
pal 1858—1860  of  Hartford  Female  Seminary. 

Elizabeth,  b. ;  d.  1881. 

These  two  sisters  conducted  an  important  school  in  Eliza- 
beth, N.  J.,  in  their  later  years. 

316  Sarah  Shepherd,  b.  July  28,-1825;  m.  J.  A.  Scott. 

317  Timothy  Pickering,  b.  Aug.  2,  1828. 

151  Comfort®  Eanney  (Comfort^,  Nathaniel*,  Nathaniel^, 
Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  Mar.  20,  1788,  Upper  Houses;  d.  July  14, 
1823,  Hudson,  0. ;  m.  Dec.  25,  1808,  Haddam,  Ct.,  Betty  Hubbard, 
b.  Apr.  2,  1790,  Haddam;  d.  Jan.  4,  1868,  dau.  of  Thomas  Hub- 
bard, Jr.,  and  Sarah  Boardman.     Widow  m.   Mar.   24,   1826,  M. 


J.  Collier.     (See  Boardman  Genealogy,  pp.  318-319.)     He  was  a 
member  of  the  Baptist  Church  of  Upper  Houses. 

In  the  Spring  of  1809  his  parents,  himself  and  wife,  with  his 
brother  Jacob,  started  for  Ohio,  the  father  dying  in  Buffalo  en 
route.  He  was  a  ship  carpenter  by  trade  and  worked  at  it  in  Cleve- 
land in  the  Summer  of  1809,  upon  one  of  the  first,  if  not  the  first, 
vessel'  built  there.  He  purchased  a  large  farm  3^  miles  from  the 
present  village  of  Hudson.  Then  he  went  to  Cleveland  and  built 
a  saw  mill  but  gave  it  up  on  account  of  ill  health  and  returned  to 
the  farm  where  he  died. 

Children  : 

352  Luther  Boardman,  b.  Nov.  28,  1809. 

Laura  Maria,  b.  Jan.  23,  1811;  d.  June  13.  1818. 
Julia  A.,  b.  Dec.  10,  1812;  m.  John  Shields;  10  children. 
Eliza  Samantha,  b.   July  15,   1814;  m.  Archibald  Shields; 
10  children. 

353  Euth  Leonora,  b.  Dec.  12,  1815;  m.  Hiram  Volnev  Bronson. 

354  Elizabeth  Jerusha,  b.  Dec.  29,  1817;  m.  John  K  Hurlbut. 

355  Moses,  b.  Aug.  12,  1819. 

Sarah  Florilla,  b.  Feb.  21,  1822;  d.  1860;  m.  George  Bishop, 
son  Daniel  is  a  lawyer  in  Berkeley,  California. 

152  George''  Eanney  (William^,  John*,  John^,  John-,  Thomas^), 
b.  Aug.  5,  1784.  Woodstock,  Ct.;  m.  Nov.°10,  1810,  Pike  Township, 
Bradford  Co.,  Pa.,  Eosanna  Beecher,  b.  Feb.  12,  1875,  New  Haven, 
Ct. ;  d.  Nov.  18,  1843,  Kirtland,  0.  He  was  a  deacon  in  the  Cong. 
Ch.  of  Kirtland,  0.,  and  a  Justice  of  the  Peace  for  many  years,  a 
Democrat,  and  a  very  prominent  resident  of  Kirtland,  0.,  where  he 
d.   Mar.   6,   1864. 

Children  : 
Alice  Philena,  b.  Nov.  24,  1811;  d.  Mav  9,  1900;  m.  June  8. 
1848,  Silas  Axtell,  who  d.  Apr.  15,  1849. 

356  Charlotte  Sophia,  b.  June  1,  1813;  m.  C.  G.  Crary. 
Pauline  Henriette  Louisa,  b.  Nov.  5,  1823;  d.  unm.  Nov.  18. 


153  Ores^  Eanney  (Ebenezer^,  Elijah*,  Eichard^,  John-, 
Thomas^),  b.  May  26,  1801,  Augusta,  N.  Y.;  m.  (1)  Mar.  17,  1825, 
Augusta,  N.  Y.,  Elizabeth  Murray,  b.  Feb.  14,  1804,  Augusta,  N. 
Y.,  dau.  of  Archibald  and  Agnes  Murray,  who  d.  Dec.  14,  1852, 
Stockbridge,  N.  Y.;  m.  (2)  Dec.  7,  1856,  Melvina  Louisa  Ehodes, 
b.  Nov.  4,  1820;  d.  Dec.  11,  1873,  widow  of  Jonathan  P.  Ehodes 
and  dau.  of  Luther  C.  and  Chloe  C.  Niles;  m.  (3)  Jan.  1,  1877. 
Eleanor    M.    Coan.     Parmer;    surveyor;    sch.    com"";    Justice    of 


Peace;  Bapt.  deacon  many  years;  Eep. ;  d  Jan.  12,  1882,  Oneida, 
N".  Y.     Widow  res.  Oneida,  N.  Y. 

Children  by  1st  marriage: 

357  Charles  Ebenezer,  b.  June  20,  1827. 
A  son,  b.  1833 ;  d.  young. 

Jane  Nancy,  b.  July  3,  1830;  m.  Joseph  Quackenbush.    Ees. 

Lincoln,  Neb. 
Charlotte  M.,  b.  Aug.  25,  1836;  m.  Thomas  Baylis.     Res. 
^  Waterville,  N.  Y. 

Children  hy  2d  marriage: 
Ores  Niles,  b.  July  14.  1858;  m.  Mar.  16,  1882,  Annie  Eavel 
Lawton.  b.  Mar.  21,  1860,  Norridgewock,  Me.,  dau.  of 
Llewellyn  Foss  Lawton  and  Eebecca  Foss  Maxwell.  Eep. 
All  masonic  degrees.  Photographer.  No  children.  Ees. 
Lockport,  N.  Y, 

154  Hiram''  Eanney  (Ebenezer^  Elijah^,  Eichard^  John". 
Thomas^),  b.  Nov.  23,  "l805,  Augusta,  N.  Y.;  m.  Jan.  26,  1834^ 
Mary  M.  Warren,  b.  Buckfield.  Me.,  tracing  her  ancestry  to  the 
Warren  and  Alden  families  of  note;  d.  Dec.  28,  1875.  He  was 
Supt.  of  Brotherton  Indians.  Eem.  td  Stockbridge,  N.  Y.,  and 
eng.  in  farming.  Eem.  1839,  to  Mohawk,  where  he  became  mer- 
chant and  then  mfr.  of  guns.  Held  many  places  of  trust.  Home- 
steady  of  1839  is  still  in  the  family.     Died  Apr.  8,  1878,  Mohawk. 

Charlotte,  b.  Dec.  8,  1834;  d.  Oct.  2,  1836. 
Maryett.  b.  Mar.  25,  1840;  d.  May  21.  1844. 
Marcus,  b.  Oct.  2,  1838;  d.  Mav  9,  1839. 

358  Hiram  H.,  b.  Apr.  17,  1842. 

359  Warren,   b.   Sept.   3,   1846. 

155  Anson  L.^  Eannev  (Ebenezer^  Elijah*,  Eichard\  Jolm-. 
Thomas^),  b.  June  21,  1811,  Augusta,  N.  Y.;  m.  Sept.  27,  1838. 
Oneida,  N.  Y.,  Eleanor  T.  Murray,  b.  Aug.  15.  1818,  Augusta;  d. 
Apr.  14,  1896,  Kalamazoo,  Mich.;  dau.  of  Archibald  Murray  and 
Agnes  Eodgers.  He  was  a  merchant;  in  1863  rem.  to  Kalamazoo, 
Mich.,  to  a  farm,  where  he  died  July  11,  1892. 

Children : 
Adelle  Caroline,  b.  1842;  m.  1875.  Eberle  B.  UnderAvood ; 
res.  Galesburg,  Mich.     Children: 


Esther,  b.  1876. 

Florence,  b.  1878;  m.  0.  0.  Bishop.     Pes.  Vicksburg,  Mich. 

Jay,  b.  1844;  d.  1856. 

359a  Orlo  Bartholomew,  b.  1847. 

Maurice  Morton,  b.  1849;  d.  1899,  lanm. 

Ida  May,  b.  1851 ;  imm.     Res.  Kalamazoo,  Mich. 

Bernard  David,  b.  1853 ;  drowned  1898,  on  voyage  to  Alaska ; 

Margaret  Estella,  b.  1857;  unm.    Res.  Kalamazoo,  Mich. 

156  Oliver  RusselP  Ranney  (Ebenezer^,  Elijah*,  Richard^ 
John2,  Thomas^),  b.  Jan.,  1816,  Augusta,  N.  Y. ;  m.  Nov.  22,  1835, 
Stockbridge,  N.  Y.,  Elizabeth  Franklin  Carpenter,  b.  May  5,  1814, 
Rhode  Island,  dau.  of  Ezekiel  Carpenter  and  Dorcas  Gardner;  d. 
Dec.  13,  1877,  Stockbridge,  N.  Y.  After  his  marriage  he  worked 
in  his  father's  mill,  then  took  the  farm  on  shares  for  two  years, 
then  entered  the  jewelry  business.  After  his  wife's  death  he  made 
his  home  with  his  daughter,  Mrs.  Lowe,  where  he  d.  June  24,  1897. 
Oneida,  IST.  Y.  He  cast  his  first  vote  for  William  Henry  Harrison 
and  was  an  active  member  of  the  Baptist  Church. 

Children  : 
Agnes  Elizabeth,  b.  Sept.  21,  1839;  d.  Nov.  28,  1854. 
Elvira  Ann,  b.  Oct.  22,  1842;  d.  June  24,  1849. 

360  Abbie  Deette,  b.  Feb.  5,  1847 ;  m.  Walter  Robert  Lowe. 
Mary  Josephine,  b.  Aug.  16,  1850;  d.  Feb.  15,  1862. 
Celia  Elenora,  b.  June  16,  1853 ;  d.  Apr.  29,  1857. 

157  Almeda  Pamelia®  Ranney  (Ebenezer^  Elijah*,  Richard\ 
John^,  Thomas^),  b.  Mar.  27,  1820,  Augusta,  N.  Y.;  m.  (1)  Sept. 
12,  1838,  Valley  Mills,  N.  Y.,  William  Walter  Bingham,  b.  Mar. 

15,    1818,   ,    Conn.;   undertaker   and   cabinet   maker;   d. 

Nov.  23,  1844,  Valley  Mills,  N.  Y.     She  m.  (2)  ,  1850, 

Rev.  David  Sargent  Jackson,  b.  1802;  d.  1858,  Unadilla,  N.  Y. 
She  d.  Sept.  2,  1877,  Oneida,  N.  Y. 

Children  hy  1st  marriage: 

361  Norton  William,  b.  May  4,  1841. 

Elbert  R.,  b.  Feb.  9,  1844;  d.  Aug.  23,  1844. 

158  Elijah  Warren«  Ranney  (Rufus%  Elijah*,  Richard^  John^ 
Thomas^),  b.  1802,  :Blandford,  Mass.;  m.  Sept.  14,  1824,  Bknd- 

03    ^ 



ford,  Mass.,  M.  Levana  Larkcom,  b.  Mar.  14,  1802,  Otis,  Mass., 
daii.  of  Paul  Larkcom,  b.  Feb.  16,  1764,  and  Comfort  Norton,  b. 
Apr.  17,  1764.  He  rem.,  1824,  to  Freedom,  0.,  where  he  was  the 
first  postmaster,  1826.  and  then  a  merchant.  He  d.  Mar.  2,.  1835 ; 
she  d.  Feb.  3,  1854,  Freedom,  0. 

Ann  Eliza,  b.  July  26,  1826;  d.  1906;  m.  July  13,  1847,  An- 
son Bancroft.     Children:  Levanna,  Eose,  Elva,  Helen  and 
Percival.     Res.  Crookeston,  Minn. 
362     Henry  Clay,  b.  June  1,  1829. 

Warren,  b.  May,  1834;  d.  Sept.  6,  1836. 

159  Eufus  PercivaP  Eanney  (Rufus^  Elijah*,  Richard^  John-, 
Thomas'),  b.  Oct.  13,  1813,  Blandford,  Mass.;  m.  May  1,  1839, 
Jefferson,  0.,  Adaline  Warner,  b.  Jan.  20,  1818,  dau.  of  Jonathan 
Warner  and  Nancy  Frithey.  He  rem.  1824,  to  Freedom,  0.;  1836 
to  Jefferson,  0.;  1845,  to  Warren,  0.;  1856,  to  Cleveland,  where 
he  d.  Dec.  6,  1891.  She  was  mem.  of  Trinity  Episcopal  Church, 
and  d.  June  3,  1900,  Cleveland. 

The  compiler  of  these  records,  meeting  Judge  Eanney,  1880,  in 
Escanaba,  Mich.,  learned  the  story  of  the  journey  of  his  father's 
family  from  Blandford,  Mass.,  by"  ox  team  to  Albany,  by  canal  to 
Buffalo,  by  boat  to  Cleveland,  and  by  team  to  Freedom,  where  for  a 
year  they  lived  on  game  till  a  few  acres  were  cleared  of  timber  so 
they  could  have  a  garden. 

judge  Eanney's  remarkable  career  as  printed  in  the  49th  Ohio 
State  Eeport  is  as  follows : 

"  Eufus  P.  Eanney  died  at  home  in  Cleveland  the  6th  day  of 
December,  1891,  at  the  ripe  age  of  seventy-eight. 

"  As  a  man,  as  a  lawyer,  as  a  judge,  and  as  a  statesman,  he  left 
a  record  without  a  blemish,  a  character  above  reproach,  and  a  repu- 
tation as  a  jurist  and  statesman  which  but  few  members  of  the  bar 
have  attained. 

"  Judge  Eanney  came  from  New  England,  a  land  of  robust  men, 
of  wonderful  physical  and  mental  ^fibre  and  endurance.  He  was 
born  at  Blandford,  Hampton  County,  Mass..  the  13th  day  of  Oct.. 
1813.    His  father  was  a  farmer  of  Scotch  descent. 

"  In  1824  the  family  moved  to  Ohio  and  settled  at  Freedom, 
Portage  Co. 

'•  The  means  of  public  instruction  was  quite  limited,  but  the 
stock  of  intelligence  in  the  famil\',  with  a  few  standard  books 
brought  from  Massachusetts,  coupled  with  an  active,  penetrating 


and  broad  intellect,  aroused  in  the  son  a  desire  to  get  an  education. 
Not  until  he  had  nearly  arrived  at  man's  estate  was  he  able  to 
manage,  as  he  did  by  his  manual  labor  and  by  teaching  in  back- 
woods schools,  to  enter  an  academy  where  he,  in  a  short  time,  pre- 
pared himself  to  enter  college.  By  chopping  cord  wood  at  twenty- 
five  cents  per  cord  he  earned  the  money  to  enter  Western  Eeserve 
College  at  Hudson,  Ohio,  but  for  want  to  means  could  not  com- 
plete the  college  course. 

"  He  made  up  his  mind  to  study  law,  and  at  the  age  of  twenty- 
two  entered  the  office  of  Benjamin  F.  Wade  and  Joshua  E.  Gid- 
dings  at  Jefferson,  Ohio,  and  began  his  preparation  for  admission 
to  the  bar,  and  in  1836  was  admitted. 

"  Later  he  and  Mr.  Wade  entered  into  partnership,  Mr.  Gid- 
dings  having  been  elected  to  Congress. 

"  About  1845  Judge  Eanney  removed  to  Warren,  Ohio,  which 
was  the  chief  center  of  business  and  wealth  in  that  part  of  the 
State.     He  at  once  commanded  a  large  practice. 

"  In  1846  and  again  in  1848  he  was  nominated  for  Congress, 
but  was  not  elected,  his  party  being  hopelessly  in  the  minority. 

"•'  In  1850  he  was  elected  from  Trambull  and  Geauga  Counties 
a  delegate  to  the  convention  which  had  been  called  to  revise  the 
Constitution  of  the  State  of  Ohio.  He  served  with  distinction  on 
the  committees  on  judiciary,  on  revision,  on  amendments  and 
others,  and  although  he  was  a  young  man,  he  was  soon  recognized 
as  one  of  the  leading  members  of  the  Convention. 

"  In  March,  1851,  he  was  elected  by  the  General  Assembly 
Judge  of  the  Supreme  Court,  succeeding  Judge  Avery,  and  at 
the  first  election  held  under  the  amended  constitution  in  1851 
he  was  chosen  to  be  one  of  the  judges  of  the  new  Supreme  Court. 
He  served  until  1856,  when  he  resigned  and  moved  from  Warren 
to  Cleveland  and  resumed  the  practice  of  his  profession  as  a  mem- 
ber of  the  firm  of  '  Eanney,  Backus  &  Noble.' 

"  In  1859  he  was  the  "unsuccessful  candidate  of  his  party  for 
Governor  of  Ohio,  and  in  1862  was  nominated  against  his  express 
desire  as  a  candidate  for  Supreme  Judge,  and  to  his  own  surprise 
was  elected.     He  resigned  two  years  later. 

"  When  the  Ohio  State  Bar  Association  was  organized,  he  was 
unanimously  chosen  its  President. 

"  Towards  the  close  of  his  life,  Judge  Eanney  gradually  with- 
drew from  the  practice  of  his  profession,  but  the  well-earned 
leisure  of  his  later  years  was  far  from  being  indolence. 

"  He  devoted  much  of  his  time  for  several  years  to  placing  the 
Case  School  of  Applied  Science  at  Cleveland  upon  a  firm  founda- 
tion, and  providing  for  it  adequate  buildings  and  equipment. 


"  He  was  also  a  student  of  French,  and  made  a  profound  study 
of  her  literature,  politics,  history  and  law. 

"  While  Judge  Ranney  was  on  the  bench,  he  was  one  of  the 
strongest  administrative  forces  of  the  State  government.  He  held 
a  place  of  his  own.  He  was  a  personal  force  whose  power  was 
profoundly  felt  in  the  administration  of  justice  throughout  the 
State.  He  made  a  deep  and  permanent  impression  on  the  juris- 
prudence of  Ohio. 

"■  Judge  Ranney  had  those  qualities  of  simplicity,  directness, 
candor,  solidity,  strength  and  sovereign  good  sense,  which  inde- 
pendent and  reflective  life  of  the  early  settlers  of  the  Western 
country  fostered. 

'*'  At  the  bar  or  in  his  own  library,  he  was  one  of  the  most  in- 
teresting of  men. 

"  He  was  himself  a  firm  believer  in  representative  government, 
insisting,  however,  in  order  to  perpetuate  it,  its  abuses  and  evils 
must  be  plainly  exposed  and  resolutely  resisted. 
"  Signed  bv : 

"Allen   G.   Thurman, 

"  Russell  A.   Harrison. 

"  Jacob   D.   Cox, 

"F.  E.  Hutchins, 

"  Samuel   E.   Williamson." 

Children  : 
Richard  W.,  b.  Mar.  5,  1840;  d.  Julv  26,  1840. 
Howard,  b.  Sept.  7,  1841 ;  d.  Oct.  14,  1846. 
Cornelia,  b.  Nov.  30,  1842;  d.  May  1,  1873;  m.  T.   Kelly 
Bolton;  two  sons;  res.  New  York  Citv. 
:^64     Charles  Percival,  b.  Oct.  7,  1847. 
;165     John  Rufus,  b.  Oct.  5,  1851. 

Harriet  L.,  b.  Aug.  20,  1859 ;  d.  May  18,  1868. 

160  John  Lewis^  Rannev  (Rufus^  Elijah\  Richard^  John^, 
Thomas^),  b.  Nov.  14.  1815"  Blandford,  Mass.;  m.  Feb.  26,  1834, 
Eliza  E.  Remington,  who  d.  Oct.  22,  1897.  Rem.  1824,  to  Free- 
dom, 0.,  and  to  Ravenna,  0.,  where  he  d.  Feb.  22,  1866.  Lawyer. 
The  widow  married  Daniel  Day. 


Mary  Ann,  b.  July  8,  1837,  d.  Sept.  7,  1854;  m.  Apr.  3,  1854, 
Geo.  L.  Hotchkiss. 

Joseph  Norton,  b.  Jan.  11,  1839;  d.  Feb.  17,  1882,  Ra- 
venna, 0. 


Lewis  Ri;fus.  b.  July  28,  1842;  d.  May  16,  1872,  umn. 
Sarah  Cornelia,  b.  Nov.  20,  1844;  m.  Nov.  3,  1862,  David 
McDonald;  res.  Cleveland,  0.     Children: 
Mae  Ethel,  b.  Feb.  16,  1874;  m.  Sept.  22,  1892.  Edward 

Lena  Irene,  b.  Aug.  9,  1877;  m.  June  5,  1895,  Roy  Ben- 
John  Ranney,  b.  Jan.  4,  1880. 
Flora  Adaline,  b.  Jan.  4,  1852;  m.  Sept.  17,  1903,  Samuel 

N.  Parshall;  res.  Ravenna,  0. 
Rufus  Henry,  b.  May  4,  1857;  d.  Feb.  10,  1864. 

161  JoeP  Ranney  (JoeP,  Stephen*,  Richard^,  John-,  Thomas^), 
b.  Sept.  10,  1802,  Chatham,  Conn.;  m.  Nov.  24,  1824,  by.  Epis.  rec- 
tor of  Chatham,  Elizabeth  Mary  Graham,  b.  May  1,  1805,  Chatham. 
Ct.;  d.  Apr.  16,  1869,  New 'Albany,  Ohio.  He  and  his  father 
were  members,  1818,  of  the  Episcopal  Parish.  The  father  rem. 
to  New  Jersey,  and  about  1817  to  Plain  Township,  Franklin  Co.. 
0.,  where  he  bought  land  on  time.  He  returned  to  New  Jersey 
to  earn  money  with  which  to  pay  for  the  land  and  ret.  to  Ohio 
in  fall  of  1828,  when  his  son  Joel  went  there.  JoeP  died  Dec.  21. 
1877,  New  Albany,  0.     She  d.  Apr.  16,  1869. 


Mary  A.,  b.  May  22,  1826;  d.  1903;  m. Hoffman. 

365a  Sylvester  W.,  b.  Mar.  7,  1830.     (See  Appendix.) 
Harriet,  b.  Oct.  5,  1832;  m.  Headley. 

366  Emily  S.,  b.  Jan.  15,  1835;  m.  Geo.  Clark. 

Edwin,  b.  Dec.  19,  1837;  m. ;  d.  Apr.  11,  1842.  . 

Abiah  E.,  b.  Feb.  12,  1839 ;  unm. ;  d.  Jan.  8,  1879. 
Sarah,  b.  Aug.  6,  1841;  unm.;  d.  July  12,  1852. 
Eliza,  b.  June  13,  1843;  unm.;  d.  June  3,  1852. 

367  John  H.,  b.  Jan.  8,  1846. 

368  Joel  Cyrus,  b.  Feb.  8,  1848. 

162  Alanson  Rannev*'  Knox  (Hannah^  Ranney,  Abner*,  Rich- 
ard^,  John-,  Thomasi),"b.  Aug.  7,  1804,  Blandford,  Mass.;  d.  Jan. 
4,  1884,  Cuyahoga  Falls,  0. ;  m.  July  4,  1826,  Utica,  N.  Y.,  Catha- 
rine 0.  Habermehl,  b.  Jan.  28,  1803,  N.  Y.  City;  d.  Apr.  13,  1840, 
Dansville,  N.  Y. ;  bookbinder;  Rep.;  Meth. 

Children : 

369  Catherine  Eliza,  b.  May  27,  1827;  m.  Joseph  C.  Dana. 
Gabriel  Lauring,  b.  June  27,  1829;  m.  Annie  R.  Burdick, 


who  d.  1907.     She  was  the  first  teacher  of  Frances  E.  and 
Mary  Willard.     (See  "  Glimpses  of  Sixty  Years,"  by  Miss 
Harriet  A.,  b.  Oct.  27,  1830;  d.  Oct.  16,  1834. 

370  Henrietta  Matilda,  b.  Jan.  2,  1833  ;  m.  Eev.  Thos.  E.  St.  John. 
Henry  Habermehl,  b.  May  15,  1835;  2nd  Lieut.  13th  Eegt. 

Wis.  Vols. ;  res.  Janesville,  Wis. 
Lemuel  Gilbert,  b.  Dec.  30,  1837;  d.  Nov.  7,  1877. 

371  Harriet  Jane,  b.  Feb.  26,  1840;  m.  F.  G.  Knight. 

163  Mary  Ann*'  Eanney  (Abner^,  Abner*,  Eichard^,  John-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Aug.  10,  1815,  Augusta,  N.  Y.;  m.  Feb.  25,  1840, 
Sheridan,  N.  Y.,  James  Sheldon  Cook,  b.  Jan.  10,  1805,  Whites- 
town,  N.  Y. ;  farmer;  Eep. ;  Bapt.,  who  d.  Sept.  5,  1877,  Sheridan, 
N.  Y.     She  was  Bapt.  and  d.  May  10,  1884,  Sheridan,  N.  Y. 

Children : 
Almon  Lvman,  b.  Mar.  18,  1843. 

372  Harriet  Edna,  b.  Sept.  19,  1851;  m.  Harvey  M.  Bailey. 

164  Lyman  Wells®  Eannev  (Abner^,  Abner*,  Eichard',  John-. 
Thomas^)"  b.  Oct.  30,  1820,  Augusta,  N.  Y.;  m.  May  15,  1860, 
Mary  Elizabeth  Van  Naten,  b.  Feb.  3,  1843,  Cooperstown,  Pa., 
dau.  of  James  Van  Naten  and  Minerva  N.  Thayer.  He  was  a 
physician  and  d.  Jan.  12,  1905,  New  Castle,  Pa.  Widow  res.  in 
New  Castle,  Pa. 

Children  : 

373  Cassius  W.,  b.  Feb.  18,  1861. 

374  Eobert  B.,  b.  Jan.  10,  1865. 

374a  Lura  May,  b.  July  7,  1870;  m.  Henry  M.  Good. 

165  Harmon®  Eanney  (Abner°,  Abner*,  Eichard'',  John-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Oct.  12,  1823,  Augusta,  N.  Y.;  m.  Jan.  8,  1850,  Fre- 
donia,  N.  Y.,  Julia  Ann  Cook,  b.  Jan.  1,  1831,  Fredonia,  N.  Y.. 
dau.  of  Sheldon  Cook  and  Mary  Ann  Newell,  who  d.  Apr.  15, 
1891,  New  Lisbon,  Wis.  He  was  a  farmer;  Itep. ;  and  Bapt.  Eem. 
to  Wis.  in  1856;  private  Nov.  1,  1861,  in  10th  Wis.  Battery; 
trans,  to  8th  Battery,  Mar.  31,  1862,  and  disc.  July  19,  1862.  He 
d.  June  6,  1901,  Hustler,  Wis. 

Children : 

375  Bernice,  b.  Mar.  9,  1851. 

376  Sarah  Etta,  b.  June  15,  1853. 

377  Sheldon,  b.  Feb.  19,  1859. 

378  Bertha,  b.  Apr.  11,  1867. 


166  Timothy  Alonzo^  Eanney  (JoeP,  Abner*),  b.  June  1,  1811, 
Augusta,  N.  Y.;  d.  July  26,  1886,  West  Falls,  N.  Y.;  m.  Mar.  1, 
1837,  Springville,  N.  Y.,  Mary  Alma  Packard,  b.  June  11,  1818, 
Aurora,  N.  Y.,  d.  Aug.  25,  1891,  Dunkirk,  N.  Y. ;  dau.  of  James 
Packard  and  Content  Wheeler.  He  was  a  farmer  at  Griffin's  Mills 
in  early  life.  Being  the  oldest  of  a  large  family  of  children,  much 
responsibility  rested  upon  him.  He  was  much  devoted  to  music, 
played  on  an  instrument  in  the  Baptist  choir,  being  a  member  of 
that  church,  a  Good  Templar,  and  Democrat.  A  daughter  writes: 
"  He  belonged  to  the  State  militia  and  wa§  a  member  of  the  band. 
I  have  heard  him  tell  of  being  in  Buffalo  when  it  was  a  small  city 
and  in  danger  of  an  attack  from  the  British.  He  was  impressed 
with  the  silence  of  the  stern,  set  faces  of  the  men  who  watched 
the  British  boats  that  passed  the  city,  not  knowing  what  moment 
the  boom  of  the  cannon  might  be  heard.  His  pride  in  always 
Having  his  word  as  good  as  gold,  his  always  '  doing  to  others  as 
lie  would  have  them  do  to  him  '  made  him  a  man  much  respected 
and  beloved  by  all.  He  carried  the  mark  of  the  Eanneys  with 
him,  hair  as  fine  as  silk  and  skin  that  rem'ained  soft  and  fair  al- 
though subjected  to  hard  labor." 

Children : 

379  Lamira  Corinthia,  b.  Sept.  1,  1840;  m.  A.  G.  Southwick. 

380  Louise  Content,  b.  Aug.  26,  1842 ;  m.  A.  B.  Harte. 
James  Packard,  b. ,  1851;  lived  9  days. 

381  Mary  Adaline,  b.  Feb.  14,  1853;  m.  C.  H.  Decker. 
381a  Mattie  Florence,  b.  June  15,  1860;  m.  J.  D.  Thurber. 

167  Caroline  Amelia''  Eanney  (JoeP,  Abner*,  Eichard^,  John-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Feb.  16,  1824;  d.  Aug.  26,  1889;  m.  Oct.  25,  1847, 
Griffin's  Mills,  N.  Y.,  Charles  Miller  Whitney,  b.  July  30,  1819. 
Dunniston,- Vt.,  d.  Apr.  14,  1896,  East  Aurora,  N.  Y.  Adv.  agt.  in 
Buffalo  at  time  of  death.     Eep. ;  Presb. 

Children  : 

Catherine,  b. , ;  m.  Hunt. 

Ida  May,  b.  June  10,  1857,  Spring  Brook,  N.  Y. ;  m.  Nov. 

21,   1883,   Spring  Brook,  K.  Y.,   Seward  Griffin,  b.  Dec. 

29,  1860,  East  Hamburg,  N.  Y.     Ees.  Buffalo,  N.  Y. 

168  Lydia  Jane^  Eanney  (JoeP,  Abner*,  Eichard^,  John^, 
Thomas^),  b.  Apr.  17,  1835,  Griffin's  Mills,  N".  Y.;  d.  Jan.  22, 
1893 ;  m.  July  11,  1861,  Perry,  N.  Y.,  Thomas  William  Parker,  b. 
July  12,  1838,  Mt.  Morris,  N.  Y.;  private  Co.  D,  157th  Eegt.  N. 


Y.  Vols.,  July  30,  1863-Apr.  14,  1866;  Dem.;  Epis.;  G.  A.  E. ; 
res.  Mt.  Morris,  N.  Y. 

Children : 
George  Ebenezer,  b.  Apr.  23,  1862;  d.  Nov.  21,  18S1. 
Frank  William,  b.  Sept.  27,  1863,  Mt.  Morris,  N.  Y. ;  ra. 
Apr.  23,  1890,  Angelica,  N.  Y.,  Clementine  W.  Hinkley, 
b.  Feb.  28,  1866,  Iowa;  dan,  of  Milton  Jerome  Hinkley 
and  Amelia  Delphina  Upson.  He  d.  Mar.  1,  1896.  Hard- 
ware clerk;  Dem.;  Epis.;  Maccabees.  Widow  Presb. ; 
Maccabees;  W.  E.  C. ;  Nat.  Protective  Legion;  res.  Canis- 
teo,  N.  Y.     Child: 

Milton  Thomas,  b.  June  14,  1891. 
Lillie  Harriet,  b.  Jan.  3,  1869. 

Jennie  Bell,  b.  Mar.  26,  1870. 


169  John  Sheldon*'  Eanney  (JoeP,  Abner*,  Eichard^  John-. 
Thomas^),  b.  Oct.  22,  1838,  Griffin's  Mills,  N.  Y. ;  d.  Apr.  15. 
1902,  Hamburg,  N.  Y.;  m.  Aug.  29,  1857,  Griffin's  Mills,  Olive 
Lucretia  Waters,  b.  Feb.  10,  1839,  Colden,  N.  Y.;  dau.  of  Asa 
Waters  and  Anna  Dudley.  He  was  a  cravon  artist  of  reputation ; 
Dem.;  Bapt;  Chief  of  Good  Templars.     Widow  d.  Jan.  17,  1903. 

Frances  May,  b.  May  8,  1879;  m.  Oct.  7,  1898,  Eobert  Dun- 
ham.    Child: 
Eobert  Lee. 

170  Eowland  Eobinson*'  Eannev  (JoeP,  Abner*,  Eichard^ 
John^  Thomas^),  b.  May  10,  1824,  Griffin's  Mills,  N.  Y.;  d.  Mav 
24,  1893,  Wales,  Erie  Co.,  N.  Y.;  m.  Nov.  25,  1856,  East  Aurora, 
N.  Y.,  Ellen  Crane,  b.  Oct.  10,  1839,  East  Aurora  d.  Oct.  20, 
1 S94,  East  Aurora ;  dau.  of  Thomas  Crane  and  Nancy  Morgan. 
He  was  a  blacksmith  and  I.  0.  0.  F. 

Albert  Crane,  b.  Jan.  16,  1863;  d.  Jan.  1,  1892. 
Ellen  Laura,  b.  Aug.  26,  1870;  m.  Apr.  10,  1889,  Franklin 
Peter   Stillinger,   b.   Aug.   31,   1858,   Bennington,   N.   Y. 
Farmer;  Dem.;  Ger.  Lutheran;  res.  Springbrook,  N.  Y. 

Eowland  Henry,  b.  Sept.  30,  1895. 

171  Lafayette"  Eanney  (JoeP,  Abner*,  Eichard'^,  John'-, 
Thomas^),  b.' , ;  d.  ,  Dodge  City,  Kan- 


sas ;   m.   ,   Harriett   Elizabeth   Bumistead.      E.   R.    eng. ; 

Eep.;  F.  A.  M. 

Children : 

Lafayette,  b. ,  ;  d.  infant. 

Cora' Belle,  b.  Mar.  29,  1861,  Buffalo,  N.  Y. ;  m.  Jan.  17, 
1884,  Grand  Island,  Neb.,  Austin  Taylor  b.  Dec.  11  1861, 
Olean,  Mo.    Supt.  Union  Pacific  E.  E.;  B.  P.  0.  E.;  Mod- 
ern Woodmen;  res.  Grand  Island,  Neb. 
Nellie  Edith,  b.  ;  d.  infant. 

172  Oliver  Franklin''  Eanney  (Oliver^,  Abner*,  Eichard^, 
John^,  Thomas^),  b.  Apr.  1,  1813,  Knoxboro,  N.  Y.;  m.  (1)  Nov. 
9,  1836,  Augusta,  N.  Y.,  Philena  Strong,  b.  Sept  14,  1815, 
Augusta,  N.  Y.,  d.  Sept.  17,  1838,  dau.  of  Salmon  Strong  and 
x'ibigail  Eice;  m.  (2)  Feb.  4,  1841,  Augusta  Hannah  Goodhue,  b. 
June  28,  1808;  d.  Feb.  7,  1898,  Taberg,  N.  Y.;  dau.  of  John 
Goodhue,  b.  June  18,  1773;  d.  Dec.  26,  1856,  Augusta,  N.  Y.,  and 
Lovica  Baker,  b.  Aug.  5,  1775,  dau.  of  Daniel  Baker  and  Han- 
nah Ballard.  Mr.  Eanney  contributed  the  Eanney  data  for  the 
Strong  Genealogy;  farmer;  Eep.;  Cong.;  d.  Aug.  28,  1887,  Ta- 
berg, N.  Y. 

Children  hy  2d  marriage: 

382  John  Goodhue,  b.  Apr.  29,  1845. 

383  Barzillai  Frank,  b.  Dec.  24,  1847. 

Emma  Lovica,  b.  Oct.  7,  1851;  d.  Sept.  2,  1866. 

173  Daniel  Wells^  Eanney  (Oliver^,  Abner*,  Eichard^  John-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Oct.  4,  1819,  Knoxboro,  N.  Y.;  m.  July  16,  1845, 
Sandy  Creek,  N.  Y.,  Eachel  Lavina  Warner,  b.  1825,  Vernon,  N. 
Y.,  dau.  of  Andrew  Warner  Jr.,  and  Elizabeth  Clark  Young,  who 
d.  1879  in  Mo.;  Eep.;  Meth.;  studied  med. ;  in  1850  est.  water  cure 
in  Knoxboro;  d.  Apr.  10,  1866,  in  Florida. 

Children : 

384  Eudolph,  b.  July  30,  1847. 

385  Frank  Warner,  b.  Feb.  8,  1850. 

174  Hiram  Mason''  Eannev  (Oliver-^,  Abner*,  Eichar(F,  John-. 
Thomas^),  b.  Jan.  6,  1822;  in.  Dec.  3,  1857,  Forest  Lake,  Pa., 
Elizabeth  Clark,  b.  Sept.  29,  1833,  LeEaysville,  Pa.,  dau.  of 
Charles  Clark,  a  banker,  of  Eeading,  Pa.,  who  was  b.  in  England. 
In  8  days  Mr.  Eanney  raised  in  Binghamton,  N.  Y.,  a  company 
of  110  men  (Dickinson  Guards)  and  camped  in  Elmira,  but  was 
rejected  by  the  surgeon.     He  became  a  sutler.     He  and  his  wife 


were  Spiritualists.  .  He  d.  Dec.   18,  1888.     Widow  is  inmate  of 
Odd  Fellows'  Home,  ISTortlifield,  Minn. 

Children  : 
Adalina  Patti,  b.  Nov.  8,  1859. 
Maurice  Mason,  b.  Mar.  28,  1861. 
Alexander  Vance,  b.  Sept.  2,  1866. 

174a  Milo*'  Eanney  (Wells^  Abner*,  Eicha^d^  John-,  Thomas^), 

b. ,  1818;  m. ,  Anna  Van  Tassel.     He  d.  Jan. 

25,  1895. 

385a  John  Jay,  b.  Mar.  15,  1843. 

Adaline  Priscilla,  b.  Mar.  22,  1847. 

Ophelia  Ann,  b.  Mar.  11,  1852. 

Phebe  Anna,  b.  Sept.  22,  1853,  m.  Albert  Eichards.       Chil- 

AllDert  Daniel,  b.  Mar.  16,  1875. 
George  Eduard.  b.  Feb.  26,  1877. 
Maryette,  b.  Apr.  10. 
385b  Milo  Wells,  b.  Apr.  14,  1862. 

175  Harvey  Henderson*'  Eannev  (Wells^  Abner*,  Eichard% 
John^  Thomas^),  b.  Aug.  8,  1823,  Eoyalton,  N.  Y.;  m.  Nov.  15, 
1849,  Sarah  Catherine  Jones,  b.  June  12,  1833 ;  d.  Jan.  22,  1901 ; 
dau.  of  David  N.  and  Elmira  Jones.  He  res.  with  dau.  at  W^ood- 
burn,  Oregon. 


386  Julia  Almira,  b.  Jan.  8,  1852 ;  m.  E.  A.  Stanton. 
Maryetta,  b.  Jan.  6,  1854;  d.  Feb.  17,  1855. 
Franklin  W.,  b.  Nov.  16,  1856;  d.  May  19,  1861. 
Ida  May,  b.  Feb.  1864;  d.  Mar.  1864. 

387  Charlotte  Eliza,  b.  Apr.  29,  1866;  m.  A.  Lee  Whitelock. 

388  Eva  Belinda,  b.  July  16,  1869 ;  m.  Clarence  W.  Gillette. 
Grade  Cora,  b.  Mar.  14,  1871 ;  d.  June  5,  1871. 
Freddie  Birdie,  b.  Jan.  20,  1872 ;  d.  Mar.  20,  1876. 
Charles  Edward,  b.  May  13,  1875;  d.  Aug.  10,  1896. 

175a  DanieP  Eanney  (Wells^  AbnerS  Eichard%  John2, 
Thomas^)  b.  1822;  m.  Sophronia  Christopher.  Ees.  Middleport, 
N.  Y. 

Children : 
Julia  Sarah,  b. 
Eben  Francis,  b.  ;  res.  Buffalo,  N.  Y. 


Ella  Mary,  b. ;  m.  Orrin  Enos.  , 

Charles  E.,  b. ;  res.  Eoyalton,  IST.  Y. 

lYob  Franklin''  Eanney  (Wells^  Abner*,  Eichard^,  John^, 
Thomas^),  m.  Matilda  Eoberts. 

Children : 
John  W. 

George  Franklin. 
Eose.  b. ;    m. Sims. 

176  Collins  Bartholomew*'  Eanney  (Wells%  Abner*,  Eichard^, 
John^,  Thomas^),  b.  Jan.  20,  1840,  Eoyalton,  N.  Y.;  m.  (1) 
Jan.  2,  1873,  Eoyalton,  Elizabeth  Singer,  b.  June  12,  1843,  d. 
May  23,  1884,  dau.  of  Henry  Singer  and  Elizabeth  Hoover;  m. 
(2)  Nov.  10,  1892,  Emeline  Fry,  b.  Jan.  27,  1855,  dau.  of  Henry 
Fry,  farmer;    Eep.;    Meth.;    res.  Clarence.  Erie  Co.,  N.  Y. 

Children  hy  1st  rnarriagc: 
Geo.  H.,  b.  June  15,  1876;  unm.;   res.  Lockport,  N.  Y. 
Nina  E.,  b.  Jan.  1,  1879;  unm.;  res.  Hillsdale,  N.  Y. 
Lottie  S.,  b.  July  9,  1882. 

Children  hy  2d  marriage: 
Carrie  Eva,  b.  June  15,  1894. 
Bertie  D.,  b.  Aug.  15,  1896. 

177  Philo^  Eanney  (Lyman^  Abner*,  Eichard^  John", 
Thomas^),  b.  Oct.  13,  1818,  Perrysburg,  N.  Y.;  d.  Oct.  3,  1892. 
York,  Wis.;  m.  Oct.  26,  1845,  York,  Wis.  (the  first  marriage  in 
the  township),  Sally  Ann  Thompson,  b.  June  11,  1829.  Perrys- 
burg, ISr.  Y.,  dau.  of 'William  Thompson  and  Mary  Eaton ;  farmer ; 
Eep.;  Town  Treas.;  Supervisor;  for  19  years  Meth.  Class  Leader, 
absent  but  three  times.    The  widow  res.  Marshfield,  Wis. 


389  Francis  Lerov.  b.  Dec.  16,  1847. 

390  Julius  Sheldon,  b.  Oct.  2,  1849. 

391  Orcelia  Sophronia,  b.  Jan.  30,  1851;  m.  M.  W.  Sawyer. 

392  Marv  Eliza,  b.  Apr.  26,  1853 ;    m.  Silas  Wilcox. 

Ellen  Jane,  b.  Jan.  17,  1857;  m.  H.  M.  Lackey,  dau.  Lyle 
Mae,  b.  June  22,  1889. 


Sarah  Etta,  b.  July  4.  1859 ;   d.  imm.,  Mar.  3,  1885. 

393  Oscar  Jay,  b.  June  26,  1863. 

394  Seymour  Philo,  b.  July  19,  1866. 

Clara  Adell,  b.  Feb.  22,  1869;   m.  M.  E.  Muzzy;   res.  Marsli- 

field.  Wis. 
Adalena,  b.  June  7,  1872;    d.  unm.,  Oct.  12,  1894. 

178  Eliza^  Eanney  (Lyman^.  Abner*,  Eichard^,  John-. 
Thomas^),  b.  Apr.  12,  1821;  d.  July  12,  1869;  m.  Moses  Wood, 
d.  Sept.  2,  1904,  Madison,  Wis.;  rem.  1847  to  Wis.;  farmer; 
Eep. ;    Bapt. 

Children : 

Juliette,  b.  Apr.  6,  1841;    d.  Oct.  15,  1900;    m. . 

Orselia,  b. ;   d.  young. 

Oren    Christopher,   b.    Jan.    23,    1846;     m.    Dec.    19,    1869. 
Theodocia  Alwilda  Bridges,  b.  Nov.  14,  1844,  Canada 
East,  dau.  of  Eev.  John  Bridges  and  Sarah  Hazelwood; 
farmer,  Eep.,  Advent  Christian;    res.  Sac  City,  Iowa. 
(JlixldrBTi ' 
Edith  Adella,  b.  July  27,  1871;    m.  Feb.  16,  1901,  Sac 
City,  la.,  Frank  Plum  King,  b.  Nov.  5,  1872,  Mc- 
Lean Co.,  111. ;  farmer,  Eep.     Ees.   Storm  Lake,  la. 
Lavern  Mae,  b.  Dec.  2,  1901. 
Orrin  Franklin,  b.  Aug.  22,  1903. 
Emma  Jane,  b.  Aug.  31,  1875;    unm. 
Arabella  May,  b.  Nov.  6,  1877;    m.  Sept.  16,  1900,  Max 
Frank  Dorwood,  b.  Apr.  17,  1878,  desc.  of  Scotch  line ; 
farmer,     Christian     Ch.,     anti-saloon ;     res.     Cottage 
Grove,  Oregon.     Child: 
Donald  Larne,  b.  Oct.  1,  1901. 
Evaleua,  b.  Apr.  24,  1880;    unm. 
Viola  Alwilda,  b.  Jan.  27,  1883;    unm. 
Franklin  William,  b.  June  5,  1887;    unm. 
Elmira  Melinda,  b.  Jan.  3,  1849 ;    m.  Mar.  7,  1871,  William 
Franklin  Bridges,  b.  Aug.  14,  1847,  Ontario,  Canada ; 
d.  Oct.  26,   1904,  Tonkay^'a,  Okla.;    farmer,  then  mer- 
chant, Legion  of  Honor,  Eep. ;    widow  res.  Tonkawa. 
Okla.      Children: 
William  Henry,  b.  Dec.  25,  1872 ;    unm. 
John  Clinton,  b.  May  18,  1876;    unm. 
Clifford  Alanson,  b.  Oct.  8,  1880;    d.  Mar.  10,  1885. 
Nellie  May,  b.  Oct.  20,  1884;   d.  May  25,  1889. 
Satira  Jane,  b.  Jan.  22,  1851;   m.  Dec.  25,  1872.  York.  Wis.. 


William  Willingham  Bewick,  b.  June  13,  1844,  Madi- 
son, Wis. ;    merchant,  Bapt.,  Prohi. ;   res.  Madison,  Wis. 

Clara  Alice",  b.  Jan.  29,  1874;   d.  Sept.  23,  1905. 
Margaret  Edith,  b.  July  11,  1875;    m.  Geo.  W.  Britton : 
farmer,    Dep.    Sheriff,    Eep.,    Mod.    Woodman;     res. 
Sun  Prairie,  Wis.     Children: 

Ralph  B.,  b.  Mar.  9,  1897. 

Harold  W.,  b.  Jan.  13,  1901;    d.  Aug..  1904. 

Malcolm  M.,  b.  Oct.  11,  1905. 
Thomas  Lyman,  b'.  Apr.  30,  1877. 
Grace  Beatrice,  b.  Mar.  8,  1879. 

Jessie  Rosewood,  b.  June  17,  1882;    d.  Feb.  32,  1885. 
Wm.  Medhurst,  b.  Dec.  24,  1884. 
Clinton   Laverne,   b.   Jan.   23,   1855,   York,   Wis.;    m.   Jan. 

23,  1878,  Melissa  Lovica  Clark,  b.  Apr.  12,  1857,  dau. 

of  Kendall  Peabody  Clark  and  Melissa  Lovica  Larrabee ; 

farmer.  Rep.,  Presb.;    she  W.  R.  C;    res.  Fonda,  la. 

C^Ji'iluVSTt ' 
Inda  Melissa,  b.  Dec.  7,  1878. 
Mabel  Eliza,  b.  June  1,  1880;    m.  Ernest  Horst. 
Willie  Clinton,  b.  Jan.  34,  1883. 
Verne  Cyrus,  b.  Mar.  30,  1886. 
Clavton  Cl^rk,  b.  Sept.  9,  1895. 
Dewey  Arthur,  b.  May  1,  1898. 

179  Sophronia^  Ranney  (Lyman^  Abner*,  Richard^  John-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Oct.  16,  1823,  Perrysburg,  N".  Y. ;  d.  Jan.  7.  1905; 
m.  Oct.  29,  1844,  Augusta,  N.  Y.,  Leander  Vaughn,  b.  Jan.  10, 
1823,  Smithville.  N.  Y.;    farmer.  Rep.,  Meth.;    res.  Enid,  Okla. 

Adella,  b.  July  39,  1846;    d.  Feb.,  1863. 
Clifford  Eugene,  b.   Feb.   36,   1850;    res.   Sault  Ste.   Mane, 

Carrie  Augusta,  b.  Mar.  6,  1858 ;   m.  Dec.  35,  1875.  Sterling, 
111.,  Robert  Emmet  Church,  b.  Dec.  35,  1853,  Portage- 
ville,  K  Y.;    F.  &  A.  M.,  A.  0.  U.  W.,  Rep.,  miller; 
res.  Enid,  Okla.     Children: 
Lyman  U.,  b.  Aug.  30,  1877;    unm.;    res.  Breckinridge, 

Carrie  Adelle,  b.  Feb.  32,  1879;    m.  Crawford; 

res.  Lawton,  Okla. 
Elsie  Louise,  b.  June  19,  1881;    unm. 


Eobert  Lee,  b.  Aug.  9,  1883;    unm.;    Troop  L,  7th  U.  S. 

Cav.,  Fort  Oglethorpe,  Dodge,  Ga. 
L.  Gertrude,  b.  Dec.  28,  1889;    unm. 

180  Edward  Allen"  Eannev  (Lyman^,  Abner*.  Eiehard^,  John-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Sept.  7,  1825,  Perr3'sburg,  N.  Y.;  d.  May  8,  1867, 
Tainter,  Wis.;  m.  Mar.  9,  1847,  Hartford,  Conn.,  Orpha  Bush- 
nell,  b.  Nov.  3,  1825,  Hartland,  Conn.,  dau.  of  Isaac  Bushnell 
and  Orpha  Deming;    farmer;    widow  res.  Cedar  Falls,  la. 

CJiildren : 

Mary,  b.  ;    d.  infant. 

Harmon    Eugene,    b.    Feb.    23,    1849;    m.    Jan.    4,    1873, 
Menomonie,  Wis.,  Mary  Jane  Furbur,  b.  Nov.  1,  1859, 
Adams  Co.,  Wis.,  dau.  of  Eoger  Furbur  and  Mary  Ann 
Adams ;    farmer,  Eep.,  Meth. ;    res.  Colfax,  Wis.    Chil- 
dren : 
Guy  Eugene,  b.  Mar.  9,  1874. 
Orpha  Bell,  b.  Jan.  13,  1886. 
Carlton  Wallace,  b.  Dec.  2,  1851,  Hartford,  Conn.;    m.  Mar. 
10,   1887,   Sherman,  Wis.,  Eosa  Belle  Furbur,  b.   Jan. 
10,    1867,   Sherman,   dau.   of  Eoger   Furbur  and   Mary 
Ann    Adams;    farmer,    Prohi.,    Meth.,    M.    W.    of    A.; 
res.  Cedar  Falls,  Wis.     Children: 
Lloyd  Allen,  b.  Aug.  13,  1888. 
Myrtle  May,  b.  Jan.  31,  1891. 
Eoger  LeEoy,  b.  July  7,  1893. 
Lois  Evangeline,  b.  Jan.  IS,  1895. 
Mary  Angel ine,  b.  Sept.  16,  1899. 
Laura    Sophronia,    b.    Aug.    7,    1854,    Wis.:     m.    Nov.    27, 
1877,    Menomonie,    Wis.,    Bvron    Pitman    Dammon.    b. 
Feb.  23,  1852,  Eutland,  Wis,;    farmer,  J^own  Clerk  of 
Sheridan,    Wis.,    1880-1881;    Chairman    Town    Super- 
visors, 1890 ;  Maccabees ;  res.  Woodburn,  Ore.     Children : 
Erma  Estelle.  b.  Jan.  22,  1879;    unm. 
Clifford  Byron,  b.  Nov.  10,  1888;    unm. 
Edna  Abigail,  b.  Mav  4,  1-892. 

Mabel  Orpha,  b.  Sept.  20,  . 

Ada   Louisa,   b.    1855;     d.   Nov.    10,   1887;    m.    Charles   C. 

Bennett.      Child : 

Mabel    Euth,    b.    July    7,    1873 ;    unm ;    res.    Eepublic, 


Frank  Edward,  b.  Jime  19,  1857,  Tainter,  Wis.;  m.  1881, 

Eiver  Falls,  Wis.,  Minnie  Jane  Bouck.  b.   1865,  Win- 


nebago  Co.,  111.,  dau.  of  Lorenzo  Dow  Bouck  and  Alta 
Jane  Trask;  farmer,  Eep.,  Seventh  Day  Advent:  res. 
Colfax,  Wis.     Children: 

Alta  May,  b.  Apr.  8,  1883. 

Larue  Pranklin.  b.  Aug.  19,  1883. 

Geo.  Clinton,  b.  Sept.  25,  1888. 

Mildred  Mae^  b.  June  23,  1893. 

Gladys  Irene,  b.  Feb.  2,  1901. 
George  Burtis,  b.  May  2,  18G4,  Tainter,  Wis.;    m.  May  2, 
1897,  Tainter,  Carrie  Almedia  Danter,  b.  Dec.  12,  1880, 
dau.    of   Thomas   Danter   and    Sophia   Amelia    Visger ; 
farmer.  Rep.;    res.  Colfax,  Wis.     Children: 

Eva  Viola,  b.  May  21,  1898. 

Ada  Sophia,  b.  Feb.   19,  1900. 

Julia  Hannah,  b.  Mar.  13,  1902. 

Grace  Fern,  b.  June  29,  1904. 
Edgar  Allen,   b.   Aug.    16,    1867,   Tainter,   Wis.;    m.  Apr. 
28,   1897,  Tainter,  Ellen   Hannah   Danter,  b.  Jan.   31, 
1874,  dau.  of  Thomas  Danter  and  Sophia  Amelia  Vis- 
ger ;    farmer,  Meth.,  Eep. ;  res.  Wheeler,  Wis.    Children : 

Agnes  Laura,  b.  Aug.  12,  1898. 

Elsie  Fay,  b.  Nov.  17,  1899. 

Ruth  Hazel,  b.  Jan.  24,  1902. 

Nellie  May,  b.  Apr.  29,  1903. 

181  Diana®      Ranney      (Lyman^,     Abner*,      Richard^,     John-, 

Thomas^),  b.  1831;    d.  1854;    m.  ,  John  Eckels,  b.  July 

20,  1814,  Harrisburg,  Pa. ;  cooper.  Rep. 

Children : 
Ransom,  b.  May  20,  1849,  Allegan  Co.,  Mich.;    m.  May  14, 
1886,  Grand  Haven,  Mich.,  Viola  Schoonover,  b.  Mar. 
'                   24,  1860,  Addison,  IST.  Y.,  dau.  of  B.   Schoonover  and 
Louisa  Gee ;    shingle  manufacturer.  Rep.,  F.  &  A.  M., 
0.  E.   S.,  I.   0.  0.   F.,  B.   P.   0.  E.;    res.   Arlington, 
Wash.     Child: 
Hilda  May,  b.  Oct.  11,  1900. 
Louisa,  b.  ;    m.  Abraham  Givins. 

182  Warren  Ezrum®  Rannev  (Lyman^,  Abner*,  Richard'. 
John^,  Thomas^),  b.  Mar.  14,' 1838,'  Perrvsburgh,  N.  Y.;  m. 
July  21,  1864,  West  Portland,  Wis.,  Eveline  Elizabeth  Linder- 
man,  b.  Jan.  21,  1844,  West  Portland,  Wis.;  d.  May  4,  1897, 
Burlington.    Kan.;    dau.    of    Stephen    Lindcrman    and    Charlotte 


Rue;  farmer  and  engineer,  Corp.  Co.  C,  11th  Eeg.  "Wis.  Vols., 
Sept.,  1861— Aug.  18,  1863;  Eep.,  Meth.,  G.  A.  R.;  res.  Wray, 

Children : 
Hiram   Elder,   b.    Sept.    6.    1866,    W.    Portland,   Wis.;     m. 
Feb.    10,    1889,    Burlington,    Kan.,    Viola    Catherine 
Lanning,  b.  Dec.  25,  1869.  Lowry,  Mo.,  dau.  of  Joseph 
Mayberry    Lanning   and    Matilda    Helen    Dean,    expert 
accountant,   lumberman,  printer  and  editor,  Dem.,   en- 
rollment clerk  of  La.  Senate,  K.  of  H. ;    res.  Spring- 
field,   La.      Children: 
Harry  Lee,  b.  Dec.  20,   1889. 
Carl  Albert,  b.  July  11,  1893. 
Marion  Elmer,  b.  Feb.  5,  1898;    d.  Dec.  17,  1899. 
Walter  Eugene,  b.  Dec.  30,  1903. 
Charles  Dexter,  b.   June  21,   1868,   York,  Wis.;    m.   Aug. 
8,  1892,  Galena,  111.,  Anna  Sophia  Young,  b.  Nov.  8, 
1870,    Galena,    dau.    of    Christian   Young   and    Sophia 
Dublin;     tinsmith.    Rep.,    Cong.;     res.     Chicago,    111. 
Children  : 
Ethel  Fav,  b.  Feb.  4,  1896 ;    d.  Sept.  5,  1898. 
Charles  David,  b.  June  18,  1899;    d.  June  18,  1899. 
Vera  Evelyn,  b.  Dec.  16,  1900. 
Oscar  Minor,  b.  Nov.  7,  1870,  Fenton,  la. ;  m.  Nov.  8,  1899. 
Burlington,  Kan.,  Docia  Dodd,  b.  July  14,  1870,  dau. 
of  Ennis  K.  Dodd  and  Mary  L.  Brocan;   harness  maker,' 
Rep.,    Meth.,    32°     Masonry;    d.  .  July    1,    1906;    no 
Fred  Warren,  b.  Sept.  25,  1877;    res.  Parsons,  Kans. 

183  Dewitt  Clinton®  Ranney  (Lvman^,  Abner*,  Richard^,  John-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Mav  22,  1840,  Perrvsburg,  N.  Y. ;  m.  June  6.  1864. 
New  Albion,  N.  Y.,  Mary  Ann  (Wood)  Clark,  b.  Mar.  21,  1844, 
Hanover,  N.  Y.,  dau.  of  Jason  Wood  and  Hannah  Featherby,  and 
widow  of  James  Madison  Clark,  of  Co.  C,  64th  N.  Y.  Vols.  At 
the  age  of  five  weeks  Mr.  Ranney  was  taken  from  his  mother's 
grave,  and  adopted  by  Andrew  Keyes.  For  over  forty  years  he 
knew  nothing  of  his  relatives.  He  enlisted  in  1863,  but  did  not 
pass  the  medical  examination;  farmer  at  Hastings,  Mich,  where 
he  d.  Nov.  17,  1906;    widow  res.  there. 

Children : 
George  D.,  b.  Apr.  5,  1868 ;  res.  Cincinnati,  0. 
Maud  Josephine,  b.  Jan.  28,  1874;    m.  Clarence  F.  Brown; 
res.    Ithaca,  N.   Y. 


Ada  Blanche,  b.  May  28.  1881;    m.  May  30,  1899.  Claude 
Eugene  Booth;    res.  Kalamazoo,  Mich.     Child: 
George  D.,  b.  June  27,  1900. 

184  Caroline  Celinda"  Eanney  (Lyman",  Ahner*,  Richard', 
John^,  Thomas^),  b.  Nov.  9,  1841,  Perrysburg,  N.  Y. ;  m.  Nov.  4, 
1860,  Silver  Creek,  Chautauqua  Co.,  N.  Y.,  James  Albert  Gran- 
tier,  b.  Sept.  19,  1832,  Argusville,  N.  Y. ;  farmer,  Dem. ;  res. 
Forestville,  N.  Y.     Children: 

Children : 
Morrell  Edgar,  b.  Sept.  22,  1863 ;   m.  Sept.  11,  1888,  James- 
town, N".  Y.,  Helen  Isabel  Gage,  b.  Nov.  2,  1867.  Smitii 
Mills,  N.  Y.,  dau.  of  Judson  Gage  and  Amelia  Pope ; 
farmer;    res.   Dunkirk,  N.   Y.     Child: 
Alice,  b.  July  25,  1891 ;    d.  Apr.  29,  1892. 
Alvin    Allen,    b.    Dec.    16.    1871;     unm. ;     res.    Forestville, 

N.  Y. 
Irwin  Norton,  b.  Aug.  31,  1875,  Villenova,  N.  Y.;    m.  Oct. 
26,   1898,  Alice  May  Perkins,  b.   June   27,   1881,  Vil- 
lanova,   dau.    of   Dennis   Perkins   and   Mary   Elizabeth 
Danker;   farmer,   Pep.,   I.    0.    0.   P.;   res.   Forestville, 
N.  Y.     Children: 
Martin  Lewis,  b.  May  28,  1899. 
Blanch  Isabel,  b.  Oct.  12,  1900. 

185  Justin  Worthy''  Eanney  (Eli",  Abner*,  Eichard^  John-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Jan.  3"  1821,  Augusta,  N.  Y.;  m.  Dec.  30,  1849. 
Elizabeth  Quackenbush,  b.  Mar.  25,  1825,  Stockbridge,  N.  Y.. 
dau.  of  John  Quackenbush,  who  d.  Nov.  19,  1881,  West  Salem, 
Wis.;  farmer.  Rep.,  Cong.  Ch.;  d.  Sept.  13,  1898,  West  Salem. 

Children : 
Clara  M.,  b.  Mar.  4,  1851;   d.  June  12,  1877. 
Cassius  M.,  b.  Mar.  9,  1855 ;   unm. 
Edwin  H.,  b.  Nov.  15,  1858;    d.  Feb.  25.  1876. 
Mary  E.,  b.  Feb.  18,  1864;    d.  June  15.  1885. 
Minnie  L.,  b.  Feb.  18,  1864;   d.  Sept.  3,  1864. 
Jay  Worthy,  b.  July  22,  1870,  West  Salem,  Wis.;    m.  Dec. 
31,  1898,  Stella  B.  Smith,  b.  May  3,  1873,  West  Salem, 
dau.  of  Franklin  B.  Smith  and  C.  Best :    farmer,  Rep. ; 
res.  West  Salem,  Wis.     Children: 
Edna  Elizabeth,  b.  Mar.  25,  1900. 
Franklin  Justin,  b.  Apr.  25,  1903. 


18G  Harmon®  Eanney  (Eli^  Abner*,  Eicliard^  Jolm^  Thomas^), 
b.  June  27,  1823,  Brooklyn,  Wis.;  m.  Lucy  Ann  Smith,  b.  1837, 
d.  Apr.,  1890,  Mitchel  Gulch,  Montana.  He  farmer.  Catliolic  at 
death,  Aug.  24,  1900,   Shelby,   Mont. 


395  Lovisa  Jane,  b.  1854. 

396  Sarah  Janette,  b.   Feb.   17,   1856. 

397  Flora  Ann.  b.  Feb.  17,  1860. 

Mary    Evaline,    b.    May   24,    1862;    d.    May    12,    1879;    m. 

Nov.  25,  1877,  Duane  Francis  Doggett. 
Charles   Francis,  b.  . 

398  George  Frederick,  b.  May  12,  1871. 

399  Rosetta  Ida,  b.  May  6,  1874. 

187  Nancy  Jane"  Ranney  (Eli^  Abner*,  Eichard^  John% 
Thomas^),  b.  Nov.  12,  1826.'  Augusta,  N.  Y.;  m.  Sept.  6,  1848'. 
Gowanda,  N.  Y.,  Nathaniel  Hurd  Miner,  b.  Aug.  14,  1825,  Perrys- 
burg,  N.  Y.,  d.  Jan.  7,  1905,  Emerson,  la.;  farmer.  Rep.,  Meth.; 
widow,  res.  Emerson,  la. 

Children : 
Homer  George,  b.  July  29,   1849;    d.   Sept.   19.   1882;    m. 
Aug.,  1881.  Octavia  Adaline  Collings,  b.  Jan.  21,  1861. 
Oklahoma;  d.  Feb.  22,  1886;  res.  Apache,  Okla.     Child: 
Minnie  Adaline.  b.  Aug.  .5,  1882. 
Mary  Isabel,  b.  July  25,  1852;    d.  Nov.  30,  1892;    m.  Silas 
Parks  Tavlor,  who  res.  Auburn,  la.     Children: 
Eva  M. 
Harry  D. 
Flovd  H. 
John  W. 
Martha  Jane.  b.  Apr.  12,  1856;    unm;    res.  Emerson,  la. 
Lydia  Ann,  b.  Aug.  7,  1869;    m.  William  Louis  Lloyd;    res. 
Emerson,  la.     Children: 
John  Eaymond,  b.  Apr.  6.  1893. 
Mary  Elvira,  b.  Apr.  11,  1898. 

188  Julius  Caesar**  Eanney  (Eli^  Abner*,  Richard^  John'-. 
Thomas^),  b.  Feb.  20,  1829,  Augusta,  N.  Y.;  m.  Aug.  29,  1849. 
Dayton,  N.  Y..  Nancy  Maria  Milk.  dau.  of  Luke  Milk  and  Saloma 
Adams,  shoemaker;  d.  May  8,  1906,  Maynard,  Iowa. 

Children : 

400  Luke.  b.  Julv  30,  1850. 

401  Nathan  Arms,  b.  Aug.  27,  1853. 


Benj.  Franklin,  b.  Apr.  7.  1856 ;    d.  •nm.,  Mar.  7,  1884. 

402  Alfred  Herrick,  b.  Oct.  3,  1858. 

Henry,  b.  Apr.  21,  1861;    d.  Dec.  14,  1865. 

403  Hernion,  b.  July  8,  1863. 

404  Saloma  Evaline,  b.  Nov.  22,  1867. 

405  Justine  Warren,  b.  Dec.  8,  1870. 

189  Lovisa®  Ranney  (Eli',  Abner*,  Richard^  John-,  Thomas^), 
b.  Aug.  21,  1831,  Augusta,  N.  Y. ;  m.  Dec.  17,  1851,  Gowanda. 
N.  Y.,  De  Witt  Clinton  Brand,  b.  June  27,  1824,  Erie  Co.,  N".  Y. ; 
farmer,  Rep.,  United  Brethren  Ch. ;  rem.  1854  to  Indianola,  la. ; 
res.  there. 


406  Alice  Serizah,  b.  Nov.  20,  1852 ;  m.  H.  D.  Brown. 

407  Sarah  Evaline,  b.  Jan.  28,  1857;    m.  J.  M.  Lehman. 
Frances  Delinda,  b.  Mar.  17,  1859;    d.  Jan.  11,  1860. 

408  George  Clinton,  b.  Feb.  24,  1861. 

409  Minnie  Louisa,  b.  May  28,  1865 ;   m.  Wm.  Peverly. 
Warren  David,  b.  May  1,  1867;    unm. 

410  Marv  Jane,  b.  Apr.  6,  1869 ;    m.  Wm.  Comer. 

411  Carrie   Elizabeth,   b.    Mar.    19,    1871;     m.    Feb.    23,    1890. 

Clifton  Hall ;    3  children. ;    res.  Indianola. 
Nellie  Eliza,  b.  July  23,  1873;    m.  Mar.  8,  1905,  John  R. 
Lundy,  Pres.  of  Bank  of  Spring  Hill,  la.;    Dem.,  F. 
&  A.  M.,  I.  0.  0.  F.,  M.  W.  A.;  res.  Spring  Hill,  la. 

190  Frank  Eli^  Ranney  (Eli^  Abner*,  Richard^  John% 
Thomas^),  b.  Sept.  25,  1837,  Augusta,  N.  Y.;  m.  Mar.  1,  1859, 
Perrysburg,  N.  Y.,  Adelaide  Lovina  Wells,  b.  Feb.  26,  1841,  Day- 
ton, N.  Y.,  dau.  of  William  Wells  (b.  Mar.  7,  1810.  Sangerfield, 
N.  Y.),  and  Mary  Jane  Ellis,  b.  June  22,  1822,  Tioga  Co.,  N.  Y. ; 
Corporal  Co.  G,  lOth  Iowa  Inf.,  Sept.  2,  1862— May  28,  1865,  in 
many  battles;  Rep.,  Meth.,  A.  0.  U.  W.,  farmer,;  rem.  1844,  to 
Perrysburg,  N.  Y.,  1853,  to  Iowa;  1865,  to  West  Perrysburg, 
N.  Y.,  where  they  reside. 

Children : 

412  Charles  Clinton,  b.  May  3,  1860. 

413  Frank  Millard,  b.  Sept.  12,  1861. 
William  Wells,  b.  Mar.  7,  1869;    unm. 

George  Ellis,  b.  Mar.  19,  1870;  m.  July  16,  1892,  Emma 
Dawley ;    farmer.  Rep.,  Meth. ;    res.  Perrysburg,  N.  Y. 

Grace  Eva,  b.  Jan.  3,  1874;  m.  Dec.  24,  1891,  Orten  Wa- 
trous;  farmer.  Rep.;  res.  Perrysburg,  N.  Y.  Child: 
Ray  Orton,  b.  Mar.  7.  1900. 


191  Elizabeth  Evelyn^  Eanney  (Eli%  Abner*,  EicharcF,  John-. 
Thomas^),  b.  July  9,  1840,  Augusta,  N.  Y.;  d.  Jan.  12,  1892, 
Colfax,  la.;  m.  Sept.  10,  1857,  Warren  Co.,  la.,  Alfred  Francis, 
b.  May  19,  1827,  Erie  Co.,  N.  Y. ;  Corporal  Co.  G,  3d  Iowa  Inf.. 
May  8,  1861 — June  24,  1864,  in  many  battles;  retired  farmer., 
Rep.,  Meth.,  G.  A.  E.;   res.  Spring  Hill,  Iowa. 

Cadwin  Eli,  b.  Mar.  29,  1865;    m.  Aug.  25,  1897,  Lydia 
Emma  Amburg;    res.  Valeria,  Iowa.     Children: 
Irene  Viola,  b.  Feb.  22,  1899. 
Mabel  Elizabeth,  b.  Sept.  11,  1901. 
Justin  Simon,  b.  Nov.  25,  1870;    d.  Apr.  6,  1884. 

192  Helen  Amelia''  Eanney  (Eli^  Abner*,  Eichard'\  John-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Oct.  31,  1847,  Perrysburg,  N.  Y. ;  m.  Mar.  10.  1867, 
West  Plain,  la.,  Lewis  Smith  Kennedy,  b.  June  19,  1837,  Wash- 
ington Co.,  Pa.;  d.  Feb.  16,  1906;  farmer,  Eep.,  Friends  Ch.; 
Second  Sergeant  Co.  M,  2d  Nebraska  Cav.,  May  24,  1863 — Dec. 
23,  1863 ;  wounded  in  right  arm  Sept.  3,  1863 ;  widow  res.  Nor- 
walk,  la. 

Children : 
Charles  Francis,  b.  Nov.  25,  1869;    m.  Jan.  11,  1899,  Nettie 
Turner;    res.  Norwalk,  la.     Children: 
Earl,  b.  Nov.  8,  1899. 
Bessie,  b.  Aug.  11,  1901. 
Elsie,  b.  Mar.  14,  1903. 
Edith,  b.  June  12,  1905. 
John  Frederick,  b.  Mar.  13,  1875;  m.  Dec.  22,  1898,  Stella 
Brubacker;    res.  Orillia,  la.     Children: 
Helen  Sophia,  b.  Aug.  11,  1899. 
Stella  Rose,  b.  Apr.  2,  1901 ;  d.  Apr.  29,  1901. 
Mabel  Teresa,  b.  Feb.  3,  1903. 
John  Thomas,  b.  Nov.  13,  1905. 

193  Eebecca®  Eanney  (Joseph%  Fletcher*,  Joseph^  Joseph-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Sept.  24,  1780,  Upper  Houses;  m.  (1)  Nov.,  1801, 
John  Edwards,  bapt.  Aug.  10,  1775,  son  of  ChurchilP  Edwards 
(ChurchilP,  David-*),  and  Lucy  Eells,  dau.  of  Eev.  Edward  Eells. 
He  d.  1803,  in  the  West  Indies.  She  m.  (2)  May  15,  1810,  Cap- 
tain Thomas  White,  b.  June  10,  1773,  Upper  Houses;  shipmaster, 
d.  Sept.  13,  1819.     She  d.  May  4,  1871. 


Children  hy  1st  marriage: 
Emeline,  b.  ;    m.  Aug.  3,  1823,  Eoderick  Stock- 

Children  hy  2d  marriage: 
Catherine  L.,  b.  July  9,  1811 ;   d.  unm.,  Oct.  15,  1833. 
Euth,  b.  June  6,  1813;    d.  Sept.   10,  1856;    m.  Sept.   19, 
1839,  Edmund  Beaumont.     He  d.  July  13,  1872.     Chil- 
dren : 
William,  b.  Jan.  19,  1855;    d.  Jan.  21,  1855. 
Thomas  White,  b.  Sept.  3,  1856 ;    m.  Sept.  30,  1880,  Jane 
Hanmer,  postmaster,  Cromwell,  Conn. 
Clarissa,  b.  July,  1815;    d.  Aug.  8,  1815. 
Augusta,  b.  Jan.  1,  1821 ;    d.  unm.,  Aug.  28,  1897. 

194  Moses®  Eanney  (Joseph^,  Fletcher*,  Joseph^  Joseph-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Dec.  22,  1785,  Upper  Houses;  m.  Mar.  7.  1807. 
Elizabeth  Gilchrist  Eanney,  b.  Aug.  16,  1786,  dau.  of  Samuel 
Ward*^  Eanney.  He  was  a  hatter  in  Middletown,  baptized  by 
immersion  by  the  Episcopal  rector,  Jan.  27,  1812,  and  d.  Feb. 
9,  1812.  Eaised  in  St.  Johns  Lodge,  Apr.  11,  1810.  Widow 
rem.  1830.  to  Cincinnati,  0.,  and  d.'Sept.  7,  1859,  at  Spartans- 
burg,  Indiana. 


414  Mary,  b.  Aug.  2,  1807;    m.  John  Hough. 

415  Henrv  Joseph,  b.   1809. 

416  Moses,  b.  June,  1811. 

195  Calvin''    Eanney     (Joseph^    Fletcher*,    Joseph^    Joseph-, 

Thomas^),  b.  Apr.  15,  1791,  Upper  Houses;    m.    (1)   . 

Mary^  Sage,  b.  ,  1784;    d.  ;    dau.  of  Timothy* 

Sage  (Timothy^  Timothy^,  David^)  ;    she  d.  -;    m.   (2) 

Apr.  7,  1815,  Clarissa  S.'^Williams,  who  d.  Aug.  11,  1825.    He  d. 
Aug.  16,  1818,  Upper  Houses. 

Child  hy  2d  marriage: 

417  Asa  Sage.  bapt.  Oct.  3,'  1817. 

196  Norman*  Eannev  (Joseph^,  Fletcher*,  Joseph^  Joseph-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Apr.  22,  1793,  Upper  Houses;  m.  Nov.  15,  1820, 
Southington,  Conn.,  Mary  B.  Wilcox.  He  d.  Oct.  9,  1825.  She  m. 
(2)  Nov.  12,  1837,  Benjamin  Barnes  of  Southington.  They  re- 
sided Upper  Houses.  She  d.  Feb.  4,  1875,  aged  77  years.  He  d. 
Sept.  26,  1843,  aged  38  years. 


Children  hy  1st  marriage: 

418  Polinda  Eliza,  b.  Aug.   21,  1821;    m.   Samuel  Wilson  Lee 

Jane  Wilcox,  b.  ;    d.  unm.,  Oct.  12,  1847. 

197  Martin®  Ranney  (Simeon^,  Fletcher*,  Joseph^,  Joseph-. 
Thomas^),  bapt.  June 'l9,  1788,  Upper  Houses;  m.  Aug.  7,  1812, 
Harriet  Hall  Bound,  b.  July  25,  1795,  Greenfield,  Mass.,  dau.  of 
Ephraim  Bound  (b.  Jan.  14,  1773),  and  Sarah  Francis  (b.  Sept.  9, 
1769).  Mr.  Bound  had  come  to  Middletown  to  reside.  He  had  two 
daughters.  "  The  two  daughters  of  Ephraim  Bound  were  acknowl- 
edged beauties  in  their  day,  being  queenly  and  stately,  and  having 
llassical  features  and  figures,  invariably  attracting  admiring  atten- 
tion wherever  they  appeared."  Martin  Ranney  died  Sept.  10,  1812, 
only  a  month  after  marriage.  On  Sept.  25,  1815,  the  widow  mar- 
ried James  K.  Frothingham  of  Charlestown,  Mass.  The  probate 
record  shows:  coffin,  $5.25;  tolling  bell,  50  cents;  digging  grave, 
$2.00;  attendance  on  hearse,  38  cents;  , gravestone.  $10.10;  paid 
his  sub.  to  Baptist  meeting  house,  $8.00.  It  did  not  cost  much 
to  die  in  those  days.  Served  in  War  of  1812,  Aug.  18,  1814  to  Oct. 
25,  1814,  under  Capt.  Isaac  Webber. 

Harriet  M.,  b.  Feb.,  1813.     Posthumous. 

198  Horace''  Ranney  (William^  Fletcher*,  Joseph'',  Joseph'-', 
Thomas^),  bapt.  Oct.  28,  1791,  Upper  Houses;  m.  Ruth  Tuell, 
b.  Middletown;  farmer  and  shoe  mfr.,  Winsted,  Berlin,  and 
Upper  Houses;  raised  in  St.  John's  Lodge,  Feb.  27,  1827;  d. 
Aug.  7.  1834;    she  d.  Mar.  4,  1875. 

Martin  L..  b.  July  26,  1814;    d.  1848,  Vicksburg,  Miss. 
Horace,  b.  July  21,  1816 ;  d.  unm.,  1870,  St.  Louis,  Mo.     Left 

much  property  to  charitable  and  church  purposes. 
Julia  Ann,  b.  Aug.  11,  1818;  .d.  June  17,  1856;    m.  Horace 


419  Edwin  Hiram,  b.  Sept.  11,  1820. 

420  Henry  W.,  b.  Oct.  15,  1822. 
Alexander,  b.  ;    d.  Oct.  2,  1826. 

199  William®  Ranney  (William^  Fletcher*,  Joseph^  Joseph^, 
Thomas^),    bapt.    June    9,    1793,    Upper   Houses;     m.    Elizabeth 


Bailey,  b.  1790,  Middle  Haddam,  Conn.;  farmer,  Dem. ;  d.  Feb. 
23,  1844;  she  d.  May  18,  1878.  Their  son,  Zenas  Edwards,  erected 
the  costly  monument  seen  herewith. 


421  Martha,  b.  June  1,  1817 ;  m.  S.  J.  Baisden. 

Charles,  b.  Dec.  10,  1818 ;   d.  unm.,  Aug.  7,  1857,  California. 

422  Timothy,  b.  Jan.  21,  1821. 

Titus,  b.  Sept.  5,  1823 ;    d.  Sept.  16,  1828. 

423  Benjamin,  b.  June  3,  1825. 

Geo.  C,  b.  Apr.  11,  1827;  rem.  to  California. 

424  Zenas  Edwards,  b.  Jan.  28,  1829. 

William  H.,  b.  June  3,  1831 ;    drowned  Dec.  25,  1841.  t 

Andrew  J.,  b.  Oct.  26,  1833;    d.  unm.,  Oct.  29,  1871. 
Titus,  b.  May  15,  1836 ;  rem.  to  California. 
Joseph,  b.  Mar.  14,  1840;   d.  Aug.  15,  1840. 

200  Greorge®  Eanney  (William^,  Fletcher*,  Joseph'',  Joseph-, 
Thomas^),  bapt.  July  26,  1795,  Upper  Houses;  m.  Dec.  6,  1821, 
Upper  Houses,  Alma  White,  b.  July  18,  1797,  Upper  Houses,  dau. 
of  John  White  and  Euth  Eanney  (see  the  White  family)  ;  mfr, 
boots  and  shoes;    he  d.  May  16,  1842;    she  d.  May  20,  1877. 

Children : 

425  William  Keith,  b.  Nov.  1,  1822. 

426  Almira  Maria,  b.  Nov.  1,  1824. 

427  Samuel  B.,  b.  Nov.  6,  1827. 

201  Sarah®  Eanney  (William^,  Fletcher*,  Joseph^,  Joseph-, 
Thomas^),  bapt.  Apr."  10,  1797,  Upper  Houses;  m.  Oct.  28,  1821. 
Archibald  Kinney,  b.  Oct.  24,  1794,  Union,  Conn.,  son  of  Joel 
Kinney  and  Chloe  Coye;  teacher,  farmer,  Dem.,  Epis. ;  d.  Mar. 
11,  1867,  Suffield,  Conn.;    she  d.  Jan.  29,  1890. 

Children : 
Timothy  William,  b.  July  22,  1822. 
Sarah  Olive,  b.  Aug.  13,  1826. 
Elizabeth  Coye,  b.  June  16,  1828;   d.  May  20,  1838. 

202  Henry®  Eanney  (William^  Fletcher*,  Joseph^  Joseph^. 
Thomas^),  b.  May  5,  1804,  Upper  Houses;  m. 

Middlefield,  Conn.,  Mary  Bivens,  b.  May  17,  1806;    farmer,  Dem.. 
Bapt.  Deacon;   he  d.  Aug.  10,  1862;    she  d.  Apr.  10,  1891. 

o    0) 



Benjamin,  b.  Mar.  29,  1827;    d.  young. 

Caroline,  b.  Apr.  26.  1830;    d.  young. 
128     Mary  Melissa,  b.  Oct.  6,  1832;    m.  E.  E.  Blinn. 
429     Caroline  Hamlin,  b.  Feb.  19,  1836;   m.  E.  B.  Hale. 
130     Benjamin  Henry,  b.  Feb.  3,  1840. 

203  Joseph®  Eanney  (William^,  Fletcher*,  Joseph^,  Joseph-. 
ThomasM,  b.  Aug.  20,  1807,  Upper  Houses;  m.  Jan.  1,  1834, 
Cleveland,  0.,  Lucenia  Fox.  b.  Sept.  24,  1807,  Leroy,  N.  Y.;  shoe 
dealer,  Eochester,  jST.  Y.,  Cleveland,  0.;  Bapt. ;  he  d.  Aug.  4, 
1873;    she  d.  1885,  Cleveland,  0. 

Mary,  b.  Feb.  22,  1837;    d.  Dec.  21,  1873. 
Sarah  Kinney,  b.  Dec.  14,  1847;    unm. ;    res.  Cleveland,  0. 
William,  b.  May  23,  1849 ;    d.  July  15,  1851. 

204  William  W.®  Eanney  (Charles%  Hezekiah*,  Joseph^  Jo- 
seph^.  Thomas^),  b.  Sept.  5,  1805;  m.  Julv  4,  1827,  Boston,  Mass., 
Susan  C.  Clark,  b.  Dec.  16,  1806,  Boston;  d.  June  28,  1870;  dau. 
of  Daniel  Clark  and  Susanna  Clow;  he  d.  Mar.  5,  1852,  Liver- 
more,  Ky.  His  portrait  is  given  herewith.  He  was  induced  by 
his  brother,  James  Stow,  to  give  up  a  good  business  in  Newbury- 
port,  Mass.,  and  "  make  a  sylvan  home  for  himself  and  family  " 
in  Kentuck5^      The  story  is  related  by  his  son,  William  W. 

"  This  my  father  was  inclined  to  do,  and  so,  about  May,  1839, 
we  all  left  our  Massachusetts  home  for  what  was  then  called 
the  Great  West.  After  many  vicissitudes,  and  about  thirty  days' 
travel,  we  arrived  at  Owensboro,  a  place  of  about  five  hundred  in- 
habitants. There  we  found  teams  and  '  vehicles  '  to  convey  us 
twenty  miles  to  our  new  Woodland  home.  From  Boston 
to  Providence,  E.  I.,  we  traveled  on  a  railroad,  the  cars  being 
something  like  our  present  day  country  omnibuses.  At  Provi- 
dence we  took  passage  for  New  York  on  the  good  steamer  Lex- 
ington, which,  later,  was  burned,  causing  the  deatli  of  several 
hundred  passengers.  From  New  York  we  went  up  the  Hudson 
to  Albany,  and  there  took  the  cars  for  Schenectady,  the  terminus 
of  the  railroad.  Thence  we  went  by  canal  to  Buffalo.  From  Buf- 
falo to  Cleveland  we  sailed  on  the  steamer  Swiftsure,  having  a 
cargo  consisting  largely  of  turpentine  and  rosin.  The  boat  caught 
fire,  and,  while  we  were  badly  frightened,  the  fire  was  put  out 
with  little  damage.  We  then  went  south  by  canal,  through  the 
dense  Ohio  woods,  to  Portsmouth,  on  the  Ohio  Eiver,  and  boarded 
the  Monsoon,  a  new  boat  making  her  first  trip  to  New  Orleans. 


Stuck  on  a  sandbar  at  Flint  Isla'hd,  and  all  the  passengers  went 
ashore,  the  merchandise  was  put  on  barges,  and.  by  throwing 
a  lot  of  bacon  in  the  fires,  extra  steam  was  gotten  up,  and,  after 
two  days,  we  made  a  start.  Now  as  to  '  vehicles.'  A  large  black 
gum  tree  had  been  cut  down,  measuring  three  feet  in  diameter. 
This  was  sawed  off  for  wheels,  about  eight  inches  in  thickness, 
dressed  down  to  three  inches  on  the  outside,  leaving  what  might 
be  called  a  hub  in  the  center,  four  inches  in  diameter,  to  receive 
the  axle  of  wood.  On  this  was  built  the  body  which  held  our  goods, 
called  by  the  people  '  plunder.'  An  old  fashioned  road  wagon, 
with  a  body  as  crooked  as  a  rainbow,  carried  the  family,  and  on 
we  went  creakety  creak,  creakety  creak,  to  our  place  of  desti- 


William  W.,  b.  May  31,  1828;    d.  Sept.  27.  1828. 

Susan  Clark,  b.  Sept.  16.  1829;    d.  Feb.  10,  1830. 
.431     William  W.,  b.  Nov.  29,  1830. 

George,  b.  Aug.  13,  1832;    d.  Jan.  31,  1838. 

432  Susan  Clark,  b.  Aug.  13,  1834;    m.  A.  J.  Atherton. 

433  Isabella,  b.  Mar.  10,  1837. 

434  George,  b.  July  24,  1839. 

Charles  James,  b.  June  6,  1842 ;    d.  Sept.  30,  1851. 

Maria  Serena,  b.  Dec.  27,  1814;    d.  Jan.  8,  1845. 

Maria  Serena,  b.  Apr.  10,  1846.  Is  a  nurse.  Has  taken 
a  deep  interest  in  the  work  of  the  Society  of  Middle- 
town  Upper  Houses.  '  Ees.  Austin,  Minn. 

205  AbigaiP  Eannev  (Charles^,  Hezekiah^  Joseph''.  Joseph", 
Thomas^),  b.  June  15,^1810,  Lansingburg,  N.  Y. ;  d.  Apr.  1,  1874, 
Waterford,  N.  Y.;  m.  Aug.  24,  1835,  Waterford.  N.  Y.,  Lvsanda 
Button,  b.  Sept.  2,  1810,  North  Haven,  Conn. ;  d.  July  29,  1898. 
Cohoes,  N.  Y. ;  Presb.  Elder  for  over  fifty  years ;  mfr.  of  hand 
and  fire  engines    and  apparatus. 

Mary  Josephine,  b.  June  18,  1836;    d.  June  22,  18.^8. 
Eliza,  b.  Jan.  14,  1841 ;  m.  George  H.  Page.     Re-;.  Cohoes, 

N.  Y. 
Theodore  Edwin,  b.  Dec.  16,  1844;    d.  Feb.  22.  1905. 
Julia  Mead,  b.  June  22,  1846;    d.  Aug.  20,  1877. 
Charles    Ranney,    b.    Apr.    21,    1852.     Presbv.    elder.     Res. 

Waterford,  N.  Y. 

206  James    Stow"   Ranney    (Charles'\    Hezekiah*,   Joseph^,    Jo- 


seph%  Thomas^),  b.  July  15,  1813,  Albany,  N.  Y.;  m.  Feb.  f). 
1842,  Liverraore,  Ky.,  Hettie  Jane  Atherton,  b.  Aug.  15,  1827, 
Livermore,  Ky.;  d.  Nov.  28,  1863,  Select,  Ky.;  dau.  of  William 
Atherton.  He  was  a  carpenter,  farmer,  Dem.;  d.  Nov.  25,  1890, 
Select,  Ky. 

Children  : 

Lelia,  b.  Oct.  23,  1843;    d.  Mar.  25,  1844. 

Seth  P.,  b.  Apr.  24,  1845 ;  m. .     Ees.  Cromwell,  Kv. 

John,  b.  July  15,  1847;    d.  Feb.  10,  1849. 

Lelia  Susan,  b.  Sept.  10,  1849;    m.  . 

Mary  Ann,  b.  Aug.  23,  1851 ;   m. . 

Sarah  Mehitable,  b.  Aug.  24,  1851;    m.  . 

Lydia  Sophia,  b.  June  27,  1857 ;   m. . 

439  Charles  William,  b.  Feb.  28,  1860. 

John  J.,  b.  May  7,  1863;    d.  Jan.  5,  1864. 

207  Jabez*'  Eanney  (Hezekiah^,  Hezekiah*,  Joseph'^,  Joseph'-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Aug.  15,   1799,  Upper  Houses;    m.  Mar.  3,  1824. 

Troy,  N.  Y.,  Eheny  Packard,  b.  ,  d.  ,  dau.  of 

Timothy  and  Aholibamah  Packard.  He  resided  in  Eochester  and 
Geneseo,  N.  Y.,  as  a  merchant  many  years.  He  rem.  1883  to 
Howell,  Mich.,  passing  most  of  his  time  with  his  daughter.  Mrs. 
Dr.  Wells;  Methodist,  F.  &  A.  M.;    d.  Feb.  8,  1888. 

Children : 

440  Julia  Maria,  b.  Feb.  9,  1825;   m.  Dr.  Wm.  L.  Wells. 

441  Harriet  Cornelia,  b.  Nov.  25,  1827;   m.  Milo  Lee  Gay. 
Infant,  b.  1830;    d.  unmarried. 

442  Julius  Augustus,  b.  Aug.  23,  1831. 
Emily  Jane,  b.  Aug.  20,  1834. 

442     Jennie  Mary,  b.  Nov.   30,   1836;    m.  Wm.  McPherson,  Jr. 

444  Frank  George,  b.  Apr.  9.  1838. 

Frederic  Lima,  b.  Mar.  22,  1840;   d.  Feb.  23,  1841. 

445  Frederick  Packard,  b.  Oct.  24,  1844. 
Infant,  b.  June,  1851 ;    d.  unnamed. 

209  Eev.  Eoderick  Hartshorn*'  Eanney  (Eoderick^,  Hezekiah*, 
Joseph^  Joseph-,  Thomas^),  b.  1806,  Salem,  N.  Y. ;  m.  Dec. 
29,  1842,  Clinton,  La.,  Malvina  Mills,  b.  Apr.  22,  1822,  Frelighs- 
burgh,  Canada,  dau.  of  Captain  John  Mills,  of  British  Army  in 
War  of  1812.  The  widow  resides  in  Yoakum.  Texas.  He  d.  Oct. 
1,  1877,  Galveston,  Texas.  He  was  ordained  Oct.  11,  1835,  bv 
the  Et.  Eev.  B.  T.  Onderdonk,  of  the  Diocese  of  New  York.  The 
compiler  of  this  volume,  finding  his  name  in  the  Episcopal  Al- 


manaCj  addressed  him,  and  obtained  replies  in  1873  and  1875. 
from  which  I  quote :  "  My  grandfather  Hezekiah,  sometime 
taught  school,  as  I  chanced  to  learn  by  an  incident  he  related  of 
having  flogged  (for  using  disrespectful  language  to  an  old  man,  as 
they  were  taking  a  sleighride  past  the  house  at  night)  six  young 
men,  his  pupils  larger  than  himself ;  for  in  those  days  the  teacher 
was  held  responsible  for  the  pupils'  conduct  at  all  times  and  all 
places.  The  parents  heard  their  sons  were  to  be  flogged  the  third 
day,  and  came  to  see  him,  saying,  "  You  are  not  able  to  do  it,  and 
will  get  flogged  yourself.'  '  Well,  I'll  try  it,'  was  his  answer. 
'  No,'  they  said,  '  we  have  contrived  for  you.  We  will  keep  four 
of  them  home  to-morrow,  and  send  two  whom  you  can  flog,  and  so 
also  on  the  two  succeeding  days.'  A  few  days  after  having  been 
flogged,  these  same  young  men,  feeling  the  necessity  of  progress- 
ing faster  in  their  studies,  came  to  him  with  the  request  that 
he  would  give  them  evening  lessons  '  for  a  consideration.'  " 

Speaking  of  himself,  he  writes,  1873 :  "  My  life  has  been 
checkered,  sometimes  in  charge  of  a  church,  sometimes  engaged 
in  teaching  and  working  gratis  for  the  church,  as  I  have  generally 
done.  For  five  years  president  of  the  college  in  Baton  Rouge. 
La.  Have  been  in  Texas  since  1857,  out  of  duty;  cast  off,  as  it 
were,  by  the  church,  and  at  the  age  of  67  building  with  my  own 
hands  a  house  to  live  in.  Perhaps  I  should  mention  that  I  re- 
sided in  Guadaloupe  County,  Texas,  during  the  Rebellion,  would 
not  use  the  Rebel  prayers  ordered  by  the  bishop;  prayed,  not 
for  '  the  President  of  tlie  United  States,'  but  for  '  the  Chief  Mag- 
istrate of  our  Country.'  Some  said  I  ought  to  be  hanged,  but 
I  was  on  too  intimate  terms  with  some  of  the  most  influential 
Rebels  to  be  in  much  danger." 

Children : 

Sarah  Eliza,  b.  Dec.  26,  1843,  Illinois;  m.  Woodall. 

Res.  Yoakum,  Texas. 
Frederick  Danforth,  b.   Oct.  23,  1846,  Mississippi;    unm. ; 

in  business  San  Antonio,  Texas. 
Emilv  Sprague,  b.  Nov.  27,  1849,  Louisiana;    d.  Jan.  16. 

1892,  San  Marco,  Texas. 
Matthias  Guy,  b.  Aug.  9,  1857,  Texas;   m. ;    in  business  San 
Antonio,   Texas. 

210  Jacob  Lansing^  Ranney  (Roderick^,  Hezekiah*,  Joseph^ 
Joseph^  Thomas^),  b.  Apr.  26,  1807,  Salem,  N.  Y.;  m.  Mar.  3. 
1835,  Christian  Chisholm,  b.  Apr.  19,  1811,  Canada;  d.  Jan.  31, 
1888,  Chicago,  111. ;  dau.  of  William  Chisholm,  of  the  Chisholms  of 

Eev.  Joseph  Addison  Eaxney 
(See  page  320) 

Joseph  Addison  Ranney 

(See  page   423) 

Clieford  Ira  Ranney 

(See  page   421) 

Walter  Roy  Ranney 

(See  page  423) 

David   Gardner  Ranney 
(See  pag-e  297) 

George  Henry  Ranney 

(See  page  400) 

Willis  Ranney  Alfred  Gardner  Ranney 

(See  page  400) 


Inverness,  Scotland,  and  Eejoice  Eemington  of  Conn.  He  engaged 
in  business  in  Canada,  went  in  1837  to  Geneseo  N.  Y.,  to  Michigan 
in  1843,  to  Northfield,  111.,  in  1847,  where  he  was  town  clerk;  d.  1,  1860,  Northfield,  111. 

Children : 

Eoderiek  Lansing,  b.  Nov.  28,  1835,  Canada;  nnni.;  held 
various  offices  in  Northfield;    res.  Chicago. 

Mary  Ann^  b.  May  31,  1837,  Canada;  unm. ;  d.  Dec.  18, 

William  Chisholm,  b.  July  11,  1839,  New  York;  d.  Nov. 
24,  1843,  Michigan. 

Julia  Isabel,  b.  Feb.  22,  1849.  Northfield,  111.;  unm.;  res 

Harriet  Augusta,  b.  Feb.  17,  1853;,  unm;  grad.  1872 
Chicago  Normal  School ;  has  taught  in  the  same  school 
since  then,  being  head  assistant  since  1885;  res.  Chi- 

211  David  Gardner"  Eannev  (David  Stocking^,  Hezekiah*,  Jo- 
seph^  Joseph^,  Thomas^),  b.  Feb.  2,  1816,  Boston,  Mass.;  m.  (1) 
Jan.  20,  1846,  Boston,  Sarah  Eliza  Curtis,  b.  Sept.  7,  1823,  Bos- 
ton; d.  Nov.  14,  1855,  Boston;  dau.  of  Thomas  D.  and  Eliza 
Curtis;  m.  (2)  Sarah  Eebecca  Peck,  b.  Jan.  10,  1825.  Boston; 
d.  Dec.  26,  1904;  dau.  of  Thomas  Peck.  He  d.  Jan.  29,  1882 
He  was  one  of  the  "  Franklin  Medal  Scholars,"  from  a  fund 
given  by  Benjamin  Franklin  to  be  used  for  "  Medals  to  scholars 
worthy  of  the  Gift."  Entered  the  employ  of  Little  Alden  &  Co. 
afterwards  James  L.  Little  &  Co. ;  became  a  member  of  the  firm 
who  were  in  wholesale  dry  goods  business,  and  agents  for  the 
Pacific  Mills  of  Lawrence.  He  never  held  any  office,  though 
offered  many  positions  of  public  trust.  After  a  long  business 
career  he  retired  to  enjoy  the  comforts  of  his  home  and  family. 

Children  hy  1st  marriage: 

446  David  Francis,  b.   Apr.   13,   1847. 

447  George  Henry,  b.  Aug.   3,   1850. 

Anna  Eliza,  b.  May  6,  1854;    d.  unm..  Mar.  30,  1882. 

Children  hy  2d  marriage: 
Frances  Harris,  b.  Mar.  7,  1858 ;    d.  Feb.  15,  1861. 
Alfred,  b.  Nov.  18,  1861;    d.  Sept.  12,  1879. 

212  William  StillwelP  Eanney   (Sylvester^  Hezekiah*.  Joseph*, 


Joseph%  Thomas^),  b.  Feb.  10,  1835,  Cleveland,  0.;  m.  1863. 
Cleveland,  Annette  Winchester,  b.  Feb.  2,  1843,  Madison,  0.,  dan. 
of  Philander  Winchester  and  Elizabeth  Gilman  Calkins;  Rep.,  shoe 
merchant ;    res.  Cleveland,  0. 

Fitch  Winchester,  b.  Feb.  17,  1864;    unm.;    res.  Cleveland. 

213  General  Abner"  Hubbard  (Estlier^  Hamlin,  Lucretia*  Ran- 
ney,  DanieP,  Joseph-,  Thomas^),  b.  Jnly  19,  1792,  Middletown, 
Conn.;  m.  Mar.  30,  1814.  Farlee,  Vt.,  Elizabeth  Beckwith  Wood- 
vi^ard,  b.  Sept.  11,  1792,  Conway,  Mass.,  dan.  of  Isaac  Woodward 
and  Naomi  Hayden ;  woolen  mfr. ;  res.  Norwich,  Vt. ;  Roches- 
ter, N.  Y.,  1816-1848;  Cincinnati,  0.,  1842;  Hartford,  Conn., 
1862 ;  afterwards,  Marion,  Ala. ;  Whig,  Mem.  N.  Y.  Gen.  Assem- 
bly, 1833-4  and  1847-8;  Major  General,  1830,  in  N.  Y.  Militia; 
both  Epis.;  both  d.  Marion,  Ala.;  he  July  23,  1862;  she  Sept.  1, 


Edwin  Smith,  b.  Jan.  30,  1815. 

448     Martha  Ann,  b.  Sept.  15,  1816. 

Fidelia,  b.  July  13,  1823;    d.  Julv  31,  1825. 
Charles  H..  b.  Feb.  15,  1827;    d!  June  4,  1827. 
Julia  Elizabeth,  b.  Aug.  28,  1830. 

213a  Clarissa  Gaylord*'  Ranney  (William^,  Jonathan*,  Jona- 
than^  Joseph2,  Thomas^),  b.  Aug.  26,  1809,  Middletown,  Ct. ;  m. 
Aug.  31,  1838,  Zebulon  Hale  Baldwin,  b.  July  19,  1812,  Middle- 
town,  carpenter  and  builder,  who  d.  Mar.  5,  1873.     She  d.- — ■ 

448a  William  Rannev,  b.  Oct.  24,  1840. 

Albert  Hale,  b.  June  13,  1847 ;  m.  May  27,  1868,  Anna  Maria 
Galloway,  b.  Mar.  10,  1850.     Res.  Ansonia,  Ct.     Chil- 
dren : 
Wm.  Albert. 
Frank  Gaylord. 

214  William®  Ranney  (brother  to  Clarissa  Gaylord),  b.  May 
9,  1813,  Middletown;  m.  1848,  N.  Y.  City,  Margaret  Agnes  O'Sul- 
livan,  b.  Jan.  7,  1819,  Cork,  Ireland,  where  her  father,  who  d. 
1845,  was  a  large  ironmaster.  She  d.  Aug.  19,  1903,  at  the  old 
homestead,  West  Hoboken,  N.  J.  He  d.  Nov.  18,  1857,  West 
Hoboken,  N.  J. 


"  The  name  given  him  at  baptism  was  William  T3'lee,  but  he 
never  used  the  latter.  At  the  age  of  thirteen,  he  was  taken  to 
Fayetteville,  N.  C,  by  his  uncle,  where  he  was  apprenticed  to 
a  tinsmith,  but  seven  years  later  he  was  studying  drawing  in 
Brooklyn.  When  the  Texan  struggle  began,  Eanney  enlisted,  and 
during  the  campaign  became  acquainted  with  many  trappers  and 
guides  of  the  West.  Also  fought  through  the  Mexican  War.  After 
his  return  home  he  devoted  himself  mainly  to  portraying  their 
life  and  habits.  Among  his  works  are  '  Boone's  First  View  of 
Kentucky,'  '  On  the  Wing,'  '  Washington  on  his  Mission  to  the 
Indians,'  (1847),  '  Duck  Shooting,'  which  is  in  the  Corcoran 
Gallery,  Washington,  'The  Sleigh  Ride,'  and  'The  Trapper's 
Last  Shot.'  Many  of  these  have  been  engraved.  He  was  a  fre- 
quent exhibitor  at  the  National  Academy,  of  which  he  was  elected 
an  associate  in  1850.  (Appleton's  Cyclopedia  of  American  Biog- 
raphy, 1988,  vol.  v.,  p.  181.) 

He  has  another  painting  in  the  Corcoran  Gallery,  and  others 
in  prominent  private  galleries.  "  Catalogue  of  Mrs.  Marshall  0. 
Eoberts'  Collection,"  New  York  City:  ".  .  .'  RANNEY,  W., 
'  The  Lasso/  '  The  Pioneer,'  '  The  Sportsmen's  Halt  at  the  Mill,' 
.  .  ."  (The  Art  Treasures  of  America,  being  the  choicest  works 
of  art  in  the  public  and  private  collections  of  North  America. 
Edited  by  Edward  Strahan,  Philadelphia,  George  Gebbie,  pub- 
lisher. Copyright  1879  and  1880.  Three  volumes,  highly  illus- 

"  About  this  time  our  frontier  life  was  coming  more  promi- 
nently into  view,  and  that  picturesque  border  line  between  civil- 
ization and  barbarism  was  becoming  a  subject  for  the  pen  of  our 
leading  writers.  Irving,  Cooper,  Kennedy,  and  Street,  Whittier, 
and  Longfellow,  were  tuning  the  first  efforts  of  their  Muse  to 
celebrate  Indian  life  and  border  warfare  in  prose  and  verse,  while 
the  majestic  measures  of  Bryant's  '  Prairies '  seemed  a  prophetic 
prelude  to  the  march  of  mankind  toward  the  lands  of  the  setting- 
sun.  '  Evangeline,'  the  most  splendid  result  of  our  poetic  litera- 
ture, attracted  not  less  for  its  magnificent  generalizations  of  the 
scenes  of  the  West*  than  for  the  constancy  of  the  heroine,  and 
the  artistic  mind  responded  in  turn  to  the  unknown  mystery  and 
romance  of  that  vast  region,  and  gave  us  graphic  pictures  of  the 
rude  humanity  which  lent  interest  and  sentiment  to  its  unexplored 
solitudes.  It  is  greatly  to  be  regretted  that  the  work  of  these 
pioneers  in  Western  genre  was  not  of  more  artistic  value;  from 
a  historical  point  of  view,  too  much  importance  cannot  be  at- 
tached to  the  enterprise  and  courage  of  men  like  Catlin,  Deas, 
and  Eanney,  who,  imbued  with  the  spirit  of  adventure,  identified 


themselves  with  Indian  and  border  life,  and  rescued  it  from 
oblivion  by  their  art  enthusiasm,  which,  had  it  been  guided  by 
previous  training,  would  have  been  of  even  greater  value.  As 
it  is,  they  have  with  the  pencil  done  a  service  for  the  subjects  they 
portrayed  similar  to  what  Bret  Harte  has  accomplished  in  giving 
immortality  with  the  pen  to  the  wild,  picturesque,  but  evanescent, 
mining  scenes  of  the  Pacific  slope."  (From  Art  in  America,  a 
critical  and  .historical  sketch,  S.  Gr.  W.  Benjamin.  Harper  &  Bros.. 
1880,  p.  87.) 

The  portrait  of  him  given  herewith  was  painted  by  himself. 

Children : 

449  William,  b.  Mar.  27,  1850. 

450  James    J.,  b.  Nov.  1,  1853. 

215  James®  Eannev  (James^  Ebenezer*,  Ebenezer^  Ebenezer-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Feb.  17,  1805,  Upper  Houses;  m.  Aug.  22,  1829, 
Upper  Houses,  Elizabeth  Gridley  L'Hommedieu,  b.  Feb.  16,  1805, 
Upper  Houses,  dau.  of  Joseph  L'Hommedieu  and  Elizabeth'^  Grid- 
ley  (Elizabeth®  Smith,  Captain  John%  Joseph*,  Eev.  Joseph^ 
Philips,  SamueP).  His  aunt,  then  Mrs.  Margaret  Eanney  Keith, 
attended  before  midnight  at  her  birth,  and  after  midnight  at  his 
l>irth.  These  l)alies  were  rocked  together  in  the  one  cradle  when 
their  mothers  visited  each  other.  They  grew  up  together,  and  their 
married  life  was  passed  under  the  roof  to  which  he  had  been  taken 
at  the  age  of  eight  years  on  his  mother's  death.  Their  golden  wed- 
ding was  celebrated  with  much  ceremony  on  Aug.  22,  1879,  under 
the  trees  he  had  helped  his  grandfather  set  out  in  1815.  The  Eev. 
Edwin  Hiram  Eanney  offered  prayer,  an  historical  address  was  de- 
livered by  his  son-in-law,  the  Eev.  Henry  Stevens,  pastor  of  the 
Baptist  Church,  volunteered  sound  advice.  Deacon  and  Mrs.  John 
Stevens  read  a  poetical  address.  The  golden  offerings,  representing 
the  years  of  their  married  life,  included  a  twenty-five-cent  gold 
piece  from  the  Eev.  E.  H.  Eanney.  The  wedding  breakfast  to  a  hun- 
dred guests  was  in  keeping  with  the  manner  to  which  the  host 
and  hostess  had  been  accustomed.  The  only  person  present  at 
both  marriages  was  her  cousin,  Isaac  Gridley,  of  Brooklyn.  N.  Y. 
Miss  Mary  Ann  Latimer  was  the  only  Cromwell  resident  who  had 
witnessed  their  marriage. 

Mr.  Eanney  was  a  merchant  tailor.  At  the  age  of  seventy  he 
gave  up  all  business  cares  to  enjoy  the  quiet  life  of  the  family  to 
which  he  was  much  devoted.  He  was  a  gentleman  of  the  old 
school.  A  lifelong  Democrat,  he  attended  one  evening  a  private 
gathering  of  the  Know  Nothings,  and  he  never  went  again.     It 

James  Ranney 

Arthur  R.    Adams 

C.    S.    G.   Adams 

C.   Collard   Adams 

James  M.    Ranney 
Ranney-Adams  House 
Mrs.   James  Ranney 
(See  page  300) 

Cornelia  L.  H.   Merrell 

Elizabeth  V.    Adams 

James    M.    Adams 

Mrs.  Elizabeth  G.  Adams 

Mrs.    Elizabeth    (Gridley)    L'Hommedieu 

(See  page  570) 


satisfied  him.  He  was  in  perfect  health  till  the  age  of  eight-three, 
when  his  health  failed.  Mrs.  Eanney  was  a  lady  of  much  dignity. 
His  death  occurred  Apr.  14,  1890.  The  widow  survived  him  till 
May  27,  1891. 

Children  : 
James  Mortimer,  b.  July  10,  1831 ;  while  a  clerk  in  Cuyahoga 
Falls,  0.,  and  returning  on  a  vacation  he  was  stricken 
with  a  fever  and  died  unm.,  Aug.  28,  1853,  much  beloved 
for  his  manly  traits  of  character. 

451  Elizabeth   Gridley,  b.   Feb.    18,   1833;    m.   Charles   Collard 

Arthur  Keith,  b.  May  14,  1837;    d.  July  17,  1838. 

452  Cornelia   L'Hommedieu,  b.   Dec.    10,   1840;    m.   Arthur   H. 



216  Moses  Hook^  Eanney  (Moses  Hook^  Thomas  Stow^  Jere- 
miah*, Thomas^  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  June  27,  1833,  Newport. 
Me.;  m.  Sept.  28,  1870,  Bethel  Hill,  Me.,  Emma  E.  Church,  b. 
1849,  Leeds,  Quebec,  dau.  of  William  Church  and  Louisa  Symes. 
He  was  a  noted  horseman  in  charge  of  Mt.  Washington  stages. 
Served  in  Civil  War,  Bapt.,  Eep. ;  d.  Dec.  13,  1886 ;  widow  res. 
Lynn,  Mass. 

Children : 
Katherine  Glen,  b.  Dec.  6,  1871,  in  the  Glen  House,  Mt. 
Washington;    m.  (1)  0.  B.  Jones;    m.  (2)  F.  J.  May- 
nard;    res.  Lynn,  Mass.     Child: 

Eaymond,  b.  . 

Stephen  Church  Adams,  b.  July  19,  1876,  at  foot  of  Mt. 
Adams,   White   Mountains;     m.    June   27.    1898,   Avis 
Jones;    res.  Stetson,  Me.     Child: 
Marguerite,  b.  . 

217  Stephen  Steward^  Eanney  (brother  to  Moses  Hook),  b. 
Oct.  4,  1837,  Newport,  Me.;  m.^  Sept.  27,  1863,  Anna  Jane  Nye, 
b.  Hallowell,  Me.,  dau.  of  James  Nye  and  Sarah  Andrews ;  farmer, 
Dem. ;    res.  Stetson,  Me. 

Myrtie  M.,  b.  July  28,  1867 ;    m. . 

218  Laura  Albina^  Eannev  (sister  to  Moses  Hook),  b.  Mar.  12, 
1846,  Stetson,  Me.;  m.  Oct."'  27,  1870,  Charles  Wentworth  Crock- 
ett, b.  Apr.  27,  1843,  Stetson,  Me. ;  merchant,  Eep..  A.  0.  U.  W. ; 
she  is  Univ.,  King's  Dau.;    res.  Bangor,  Me. 

Effie  H.,  b.  June  13,  1876;    unm. 

219  Eebecca^  Stetson  (Hannah*'  Eanney,  Thomas'^  Stow,  Jere- 
miah*, Thomas^  Thomas-.  Thomas^),  b.  Sept.  13,  1824,  Stetson, 
Me.;  m.  Sept.  9,  1859,  Henrv  Volnev  French,  b.  Jan.  10,  1821, 
Easton,  Mass.;  shoe  mfr.,  Whig;  d.  Sept.  9,  1859,  No.  Bridge- 
water,  Mass.;    she  d.  Sept.  18,  1899.  Brockton,  Mass. 




Children : 
Henry  Stetson,  b.  Nov.  3,  1849. 
Geo.  Eawson,  b.  Feb.  13,  1853 ;   d.  Sept.  31,  1853. 
453     Fred  Eawson,  b.  Nov.  15,  1857. 

219a  George  Stetson'^  Eanney  (Thomas  Stow",  Thomas  Stow^', 
Jeremiah*,  Thomas^  Thomas-.  Thomas^),  b.  Feb.  29,  1840,  Stet- 
son, Me.;  m.  1870,  Lee,  Me.,  Caroline  Augusta  Thompson,  b. 
May,  1851,  Springfield,  Me.,  dau.  of  John  Thompson  and  Grace 
Costello;  farmer;  res.  Winn,  Me, 

Children  : 
Thomas  Stow,  b.  1871;    m.  Mae  Coombs. 
John  Thompson,  b.  1872;    m.  Kate  Scott;    res.  Fort  Kent, 

George,  b.  1874;   m.  Margaret  Lynch;    res.  Lincoln,  Me. 
Nathan  Allen,  b.  1876 ;  m.  Grace  Scott. 
Mae  Ellen,  b.  1878;    m.  Harold  Merithew;    res.  Portland. 

Stephen,  b.  1886. 
Harold  Cleveland,  b.  1888. 
Emir,  b.  1892. 

220  Irene  Stetson^  Eanney  (sister  to  George  Stetson),  b.  Mar- 
13.  1856,  Winn,  Me.;  m.  Aug.  7,  1882,  Lincoln,  Me.,  William  E. 
Young,  b.  Mar.  4,  1852.  Belmont,  Me.;  F.  &  A.  M.,  Eep.,  moulder; 
res.  Portland,  Me. 

Children : 
Abbie  Sampson,  b.  May  24,  1883. 
Sarah  Louisa,  b.  June  14,  1885. 
Beulah  Edwina,  b.  May  22,  1891. 

220a  Thorndike  Allen'^  Eanney  (brother  to  George  Stetson), 
b.  Oct.  28,  1857,  Winn,  Me.;  m.  Dec.  28,  1881,  Chester,  Me., 
Etta  May  Dill,  b.  Aug.  9,  1857,  Chester,  dau.  of  Warren  N.  Dill 
and  Clarissa  D.  Ireland ;  F.  &  A.  M.,  A.  0.  U.  W.,  Eep.,  farmer ; 
res.  Winn,  Me. 

Children : 

Clara  Dill,  b.  Feb.  18,  1884 ;    m.  John  P.  Scott. 

Susan  Etta,  b.  Sept.  4,  1886. 

Addie  Ella,  b.  Oct.  4.  1890. 

Thaddeus  Thorndike,  b.  Nov.  1,  1895. 

221  Maria     Carr^     Eanney     (Nathan®,     Nathan'^,     Jeremiah*, 


Thomas-\  Thomas^  Thomas^),  b.  Nov.  14,  1838,  St.  Louis.  Mo.; 
m.  Mar.  24,  1859,  St.  Louis,  Mo.,  Charles  Wells  Hale,  b.  Oct.  2, 
1838,  St.  Louis,  Mo.;  d.  Sept.  8,  1902,  Winterset,  Iowa;  Eep.. 
bookkeeper,  Epis.,  I.  0.  0.  F.,  A.  0.  U.  W.;  widow  resides  Win- 
terset, Iowa. 

Children : 

Harriet  Wells,  b.  Mar.   24,   1860. 

Amelia  Ranney.  b.  July  1,  1861 ;    m.  Chas.  Duncan. 

Abbie  Graves,"b.  Aug.  "19,  1863;    d.  Nov.  30,  1866. 

Nathan  Eanney,  b.  Mar.  23,  1865. 

Chas.  Kearney^  b.  Sept.  29,  1867. 

Jennie  Mudgett,  b.  Jan.  26,  1868;    m.  Hugh  S.  Thomson. 

222  Charlotte  Ella^  Ranney  (sister  to  Maria  Carr),  b.  Nov.  24, 
1845,  St.  Louis,  Mo.;  m.  Apr.  19,  1866,  St.  Louis,  Mo.,  George 
Johnson  Cochran,  b.  j^pr.  21,  1839,  Lacon,  111.;  bookkeeper  Dem., 
Rep.,  Presby. ;  res.  St.  Louis,  Mo. 

Children : 
George  Frederic,  b.  Feb.  25,  1868. 
Samuel  Ranney,  b.  June  11,  1871;   d.  Aug.  20,  1883. 
Augustus  Pomeroy,  b.  Apr.  24,  1874. 
Ella  Shackford,  b.  July  11,  1881. 
Julia  Garniss,  b.  Mar.  9,  1884, 

223  Julius  Merritt^  Ranney  (Nathaniel  Cole*',  Nathan^,  Jere- 
miah*, Thomas^  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  Jan.  26,  1842,  Angelica, 
N.   Y.;    m.   Nov.   2,   1868,   Marshalltown,   la.,   Emma   Kellv,   b. 

;    d.  Dec.   7,   1884,   Chicago,  111.     First   Sergeant,   Co. 

G.  44th  Iowa  Inf.,  May — Nov.,  1864;  Rep.,  Presb.,  merchant: 
res.  Chicago,  111. 

Robert  D.,  b.  Nov.  7,  1874;    m.  1889,  Maria  Storms;    mer- 
chant;   res.  Chicago,  111.     Child: 
Merritt  Ranney,  b.  Dec.  23,  1900^ 

224  William^  Davis  (Martha**  Ranney,  Solomon^  Jeremiah*, 
Thomas^  Thomas%  Thomas^),  b.  Jan.  1,  1817;  m.  Nancy  Lyon, 
b.  Feb.  9,  1821. 

Children : 
William,  b.  Mar.  3,  1847 ;    d.  June  3,  1863. 
Jacob,  b.  1856;    d.  Apr.  30,  1902. 

Andrew,  b.  ;    m.  Minerva  Vrooman. 

454     Nancy  Emily,  b.  Oct.  6,  1849 ;  m.  S.  C.  Mitchell. 


Frances,  b.  May  7,  1850 ;  d.  May  28,  1863. 

455  Martha,  b.  Aug.  15,  1853;    m.  Daniel  E.  Ceas. 

225  Andrew  Jackson^  Davis  (brother  to  William),  b.  Nov.  24, 
1828;  m.  Frances  Abigail  Bacon,  b.  Feb.  12,  1832;  she  d.  Mar. 
16,  1905,  Delphi,  N.  Y.;    he  d. 

Children : 

456  Ferris  Edward,  b.  Apr.  2,  1856. 

Andrew  Jackson,  b.  Aug.  28,  1858 ;    d.  July  24,  1863. 

226  EoyaF  Eanney  (Jeremiah®.  Stephen^,  Jeremiah*,  Thomas^ 
Thomas-,  Thomas^)," b.  Dec.  10,  1810,  Hartwick.  N.  Y.;  'm.  Oct. 

10,  1839,  Troy,  111.,  Betsy  M.  Gates,  b.  ;    d.  Oct.   16, 

1901,  Little  York,  111.  He  rem.  1831,  with  his  parents  to  Cape 
Girardeau,  Mo.;  1848,  to  Mercer  Co.,  111.;  1851,  to  Little  York, 
111.  where  he  d.  Nov.  20,  1889. 

Children : 

457  Susan  A.,  b.  Oct.  4,  1840;  m.  Wm.  E.  Smith. 

458  Nathan  Cornelius,  b.  July  9,  1842. 

Stephen  Franklin,  b.  July  2,  1844;   d.  July  4,  1844. 

459  Marv  Elizabeth,  b.  May  4,  1846 ;    m.  Joseph  H.  Gates. 

460  Jeremiah,  b.  Aug.  28,  1848. 

Eoyal  Francis,  b.  Dec.  19,  1850;    d.  Dec.  29,  1850. 
Joseph  Asahel,  b.  Nov.  24,  1851. 

461  Eoyal  Gilbert,  b.  Sept.  1,  1854. 

Infant,  b.  Feb.  28.  1857;    d.  Feb.  28,  1857. 

227  Johnson"  Eannev  (brother  to  Eoyal),  b.  Jan.  15,  1814; 
m.  Feb.  22,  1840,  Sarah  Ann  Knott,  b.  Feb.  12,  1822;    d.  Dec. 

11,  1866,  Jackson,  Mo.;  dau.  of  John  Eobert  Knott  and  Louisa 
Burtles;    Whig,  farmer;    d.  Mar.  14,  1855,  Jackson.  Mo. 

Children : 
Sarah  Ann  Virginia,  b.  Feb.  15,  1842  :    d.  Nov.  22,  1842. 
Olive  Branch,  b.  Aug.  17,  1843;    d.  Dec.  7,  1904;    m.  Wil- 
liam E.  McGlasson. 
Julius  Henry,  b..Feb.  25,  1845;    d.  unm.,  June  4,  1895. 
Ellen  Catherine,  b.  Sept.  22,  1846 :    res.  Jackson,  Mo. 
Jeremiah,  b.  May  15,  1848 ;    d.  May  27,  1848. 
Laura  Amelia,  b.  Apr.  24,  1850 ;    res.  Jackson,  Mo. 
Johnson,  b.  Julv  9,  1852;    d.  Sept.  24,  1855. 
George  Asahel,  b.  Jan.  15,  1854;    d.  Apr.  15,  1855. 


228  Johnson  Camp'  Eanncy  (Johnson*',  Stephen^  Jeremiah*, 
Thomas^  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  June  15,  1836,  Jackson,  Mo.; 
m.  1854,  Jackson.  Mo.,  Eebecca  Horrel,  b.  Jan.  11,  1838,  Jackson, 
Mo.;  d.  Dec.  7,  1875,  Jackson,  Mo.;  dau.  of  Henry  Horrel  and 
Mary  Byrd;   he  d.  Mar.  12,  1894,  Anaparko,  Okla. 

Cli  iJdren : 
Mary  Amelia,  b.  1860. 

462  Wm.   Thomas,  b.   1862;    m.   Amanda  Claire,   and   d.   June 

14,  1898,  in  Monte  Vista,  Cal. 

463  Johnson  Camp,  b.  Jan.  23,  1864. 
Elizabeth,  b.  May  1,  1866;    res.  Jackson,  Mo. 
Mary  Gayle.  b.  Dec.  29,  1868;    res.  Jackson,  Mo. 

464  John  Gayle,  b.  Feb.  27,  1872. 

Rebecca  Bucklen,  b.  Dec.  7,  1875;   res.  Tampa,  Fla. 

229  Mary  Gayle^  Ranney  (sister  to  Johnson  Camp),  b.  Jan. 
17,  1840,  Jackson,  Mo.;  ni.  1861,  John  Beardslee,  who  d.  1891; 
she  d.  1880. 

Children : 
Emma  Frances,  b.  Jan.  12,  1862;    d.  Feb.  3,  1882. 

465  William  Ranney,  b.  Sept.  19,  1864. 

466  Thomas  Johnson,  b.  Oct.  17,  1866. 

467  Mary  Elizabeth,  b.  Dec.  22,  1868 ;  m.  Albert  Ellis. 
Eva  Fisher,  b.  Dec.  4,  1870. 

468  Esther  Gauss,  b.  Aug.  27.  1873 ;    m.  Gradv  Darby. 

469  John,  b.  Oct.  24,  1875. 

470  Paul,  b.  Jan.  13,  1877. 
Charles,  b.  Mar.  7,  1879. 

230  Robert  Giboney'^  Ranney  (William  Caton*',  Stephen^,  Jere- 
miah*, Thomas''.  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  Dec.  15.  1849,  Jackson, 
Mo.;  m.  (1)  May  25,  1876,  Elizabeth  Susannah  Giboney,  b.  Oct. 
9,  1849;  d.  July  14,  1892;  dau.  of  William  Giboney 'and  Su- 
sannah M.  Clark;  m.  (2)  Jan.  17,  1894,  Emma  Agnes  Wathen, 
b.  Nov.  1,  1861,  dau.  of  Ignatius  A.  Wathen  and  Maria  R.  Ellis. 

Robert  Giboney  Ranney  for  four  years  attended  Kentucky  Mili- 
tary Institute,  taught  school  one  winter,  read  law  with  Hon.  Louis 
Houck,  1872,  attended  State  Law  School,  Columbia,  Mo. ;  be- 
came law  partner  with  Mr.  Houck  till  1880;  never  active  in  poli- 
tics, but  has  been  candidate  for  Circuit  Judge,  and  twice  for 
Judge  of  Court  of  Common  Pleas,  coming,  as  a  Democrat,  within 
thirty  votes  of  being  elected  when  the  Republican  majority  in 
the  county  was  four  hundred;  res.  Cape  Girardeau,  Mo. 

2    "»• 

O     (D 


Children  hy  1st  marriage: 

Susannah  Elizabeth,  b.  Nov.  22,  1878;    d.  July  10,  1879. 

Louisa,  b.  June  10,  1880 ;  m.  Aug.  8,  1906,  Clyde  Harbison, 
b.  Feb.  14,  1882,  son  of  Dr.  Milton  Clark  Harbison  anil 
Amanda  Graham.     Ees.  Los  Angeles,  Cal. 

Lizzie  Ann,  b.  Aug.  21,  1886;    d.  Feb.  28,  1888. 

Robert  Clifton,  b.  Nov.  4,  1891. 

Children  by  2d  marriage: 
Wathen,  b.  Dec.  19,  1894. 
Roberta,  b.  Mar.  6,  1896. 

William  Ellis,  b.  July  16,  1897;    d.  Jan.  23,  1899. 
Ralph  Guerrant,  b.  June  16,  1899. 
Mary,  b.  Dec.  17.  1902. 
.    Maud,  b.  Jan.  24,  1905. 

231  William  Alexander'^  Ranney  (brother  to  Robert  Giboney), 
b.  Dec.  23,  1852,  Cape  Girardeau,  Mo.;  m.  Nov.  5,  1891,  Cora 
E.  Harris,  Crystal  Springs,  Miss.  He  was  educated  at  the  Normal 
School,  Cape  Girardeau,  Mo.,  and  State  University,  Columbia, 
Mo. ;  lawyer  and  farmer ;  res.  Bairdsville,  Miss. 

Cora  Belle,  b.  Mar.  3,  1893. 

232  Herbert  Hathorne^  Ranney  (brother  to  Robert  Giboney), 
b.  Nov.  14,  1855,  Cape  Girardeau,  Mo.;  m.  Aug.  22,  1883,  Com- 
merce, Mo.,  Hettie  Gaither,  b.  Aug.  22,  1859,  Commerce,  Mo., 
dau.  of  John  Taylor  Gaither  and  Columbia  Daugherty;  Dem.. 
Meth.,  railway  postal  clerk  since  July  20,  1885;  res.  Cape  Girar- 
deau, Mo. 

Children : 
John  Caton  b,.  May  17,  1884. 
Elizabeth  Gibonev,  b.  July  7,  1886. 
Emma  Bell,  b.  Feb.  28,  1888. 
Herbert  Hathorne.  b.  Jan.  29,   1890. 
Hettie  Mabel,  b.  Aug.  9,  1892. 
Gaither,  b.  Apr.  28,  1895. 
James  Parham,  b.  Feb.  4,  1899. 

233  Clarissa  Waters'^  Ranney  (John  Hathorne®,  Stephen*, 
Jeremiah*,  Thomas^  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  1850;  m.  Joseph 
Temple  Anderson,  b.  Apr.  27,  1840 ;  merchant,  Meth.,  Dem. ;  res. 
Commerce,  Mo. 


Children  : 
Joseph  Reese. 
John  Ranney. 
Elizabeth  Temple. 
Virginia  Amelia. 
Jessie  Gayle. 
Ralph  Frazer. 
Paul  Ross. 

234  Amelia^  Ranney  (sister  to  Clarissa  Waters),  b.  Sept.  10, 
1852,  Kelso,  Mo.;  d.  Mar.  12,  1899;  m.  Dec.  23.  1874,  Reese 
Gates  Applegate,  b.  Mar.  15,  1854,  Commerce,  Mo.,  son  of  Stephen 
Applegate  and  Sarah  Baker;  F.  &  A.  M.,  Dem.,  Meth.,  retired 
merchant;  res.  Sikeston,  Mo. 

Children : 
Carrie  May,  b.  Jan.  20,  1876;    d.  Jan.  31,  1884. 
Joseph  Reese,  b.  May  25,  1878. 

Lillian  A.,  b.  Jan.  18.  1881 ;    m.  Oct.  25,  1905,  Handy  L. 
Smith,  D.  D.  S. ;    res.  Sikeston,  Mo.     Child: 
Handy  Linn,   L   Sept.   18,    1906. 
Sarah  Estelle,  b.  May  5,  1885 ;    d.  Sept.  2,  1887. 
Ranney  G.,  b.  Sept.  6,  1887. 

Emma  Lucille,  b.  Feb.  16,  1890;    d.  May  26,  1892. 
Stephen  Wallace,  b.  July  8,  1892. 
Evelyn,  b.  Mar.  26,  1897;    d.  Oct.  27,  1897. 

235  Caroline  WalF  Ranney  (sister  to  Clarissa  Waters),  b.  Oct. 
13,  1852,  Kelso,  Mo.;  d.  May  10,  1902;  m.  William  Henderson 
McKnight,  b.  Feb.  3,  1849,  Cape  Girardeau,  Mo.,  son  of  William 
Henderson  McKnight  and  Virginia  Block;  grain  dealer.  F.  &  A. 
M.,  Dem.,  Meth.;    res.  Sikeston,  Mo. 

Children : 
Aimee,  b.  Oct.  15,  1877;    d.  June  23,  1879. 
James,  b.  Apr.  7,  1879;    m.  Louise  Pearce;    res.  Oran,  Mo. 
Alma,  b.  Mar.  31,  1881. 
John  Coffman,  b.  Apr.  11,  1883. 
Clara,  b.  Aug.  27,  1885. 
Ruth,  b.  Aug.  7,  1892. 

236  James  Parham'^  Rannev  (brother  to  Clarissa  Waters),  b. 
Feb.  17,  1857,  Kelso,  Mo. ;  m.  Aug.  22,  1883,  Commerce,  Mo., 
Emma  Gaither.  b.  Sept.  27,  1864,  Commerce.  Mo.,  dau.  of  John 



Taylor  Gaither  and  Columbia  DouchGrtv;    farmer,  Meth.,  Dem., 
F.  &  A.  M.,  A.  0.  U.  W. ;   res.  McMullen,  Mo. 

237  Harriet  Palmer'^  Hawes  (Polly°  Hannev,  Julius^,  Jere- 
miah*, Thomas^  Thomas^  Thomas^),  b.  June  27,  1832;  m.  Oct. 
11,  1855,  Chester,  0.,  James  Taylor  Wilson,  b.  May  12,  1827, 
Eiver  Styx,  0.;  d.  Dec.  25,  1885,  Cleveland,  0.;  mfr..  Mayor 
of  Lyons,  Iowa,  mem.  Bd.  of  Education,  Cleveland,  0.,  Dem.. 
Knights  Templar;    widow  res.  Youngstown,  0. 

Children : 

471  James  Preston,  b.  Feb.  6,  1857. 

472  David  Hawes.  b.  Dec.  6,  1859 ;    d.  N.  Y.  Citv. 

473  William  Eanney,  b.  Feb.  11,  1863. 

238  Julius  Butler'^  Eannev  (Oliver",  Julius',  Jeremiah*, 
Thomas^  Thomas^  Thomasi),'b.  June  5,  1831,  Chesterland,  0.; 
m.  Oct.  31,  1872,  Springfield.  111.,  Helen  Josephine  Sanders,  b. 
Mar.  13,  1843,  Williamstown,  Mass.,  dau.  of  Anthony  Sanders 
and  Celinda  Brown,  who  was  of  the  7th  generation  from  Chad 
Brown  and  Eev.  Eoger  Williams  of  E.  I.  (See  Chad  Brown 
Memorial,  1638-1888.)  She  was  mem.  Cong.  Ch.,  and  d.  June 
13.  1900,  Chesterland,  0.  Farmer  and  fruit  grower,  Eep..  F.  & 
A.  M.     Died  Dec.  2,  1907. 

Children : 

474  Antoinette  Augusta,  b.  Aug.  12,  1874 ;.m.  Dr.  Eoy  C.  Eddy. 
Oliver  Anthonv,  b.  Nov.  14,  1883 ;  m.  Dec.  20,  1906,  Cath- 
erine S.  Allen,  b.  Oct.  29.  1887,  Kirtland,  0.,  dau.  of 
Floyd  C.  Allen  (descendant  of  Colonel  Ethan  Allen 
of  Eev.  War  fame)  and  A.  A.  Campbell.  Ees.  Chester- 
land,  0. 

239  JoeP    Eanney     (William",    William^    Thomas*,    Thomas^ 

Thomas^,  Thomas^),  b.  Westminster  West,  Vt. ;    m.  ; 

d.  1893,  Lyndon  Station,  Wis. 

Children  : 

Joel,  b.  ;    d.  unm. 

Henry,  b.  ;    d.  unm. 

Fanny,  b.  ;    m.  B.  A.  Wright;    res.  ^It.  Eden, 


Emma  Jane,  b.  ;  m.  (1)  Charles  E.  Chamber- 
lain;   m.    (2)    D.    C.   Bull;     she   res.   Mt.   Eden.   Cal. 


F.  H.  Chamberlain;    res.  Sparta,  Wis. 

840  Rebecca^  Eanney    (sister  to  Joel),  b.  ;    d.  Apr. 

30,   1894;    m.  Oct.  5,  1840,  Jeremiah  L.   Perham,  b.   Mar.  39, 
1797,  Pepperill,  Mass.;    d.  Dec.  19,  1872,  Athens,  Vt. 

Charles  J.  Perham,  b.  ;    res.  Cambridgeport,  Yi. 

242  Hannah^  Eanney  (sister  to  Joel),  b.  July  18,  1830,  Brook- 
line,  Vt.;  d.  Aug.  30,  1863,  Brookline;  m.  John  Landfear,  d. 
May  3,  1873,  Brookline;  private  Co.  I,  16th  Eeg.  Ver.  Inf.,  1868- 

Children : 

Sarah,  b.  ;    m.  Svlvanus  Hiscock. 

Mary,  b. ;    d.   Feb.   25,   1889;    m.   E.   Wright 


Fannie,  b.  ;  m.  Edward  Harlow;  res.  Marl- 
boro, N.  H. 

Henry  J.,  b.  May  6.  1859;  m.  Minnie  M.  Wyman;  res. 
Brookline,  Vt. 

Martin  VanBuren,  b.  Aug.  10,  1862;    d.  Feb.  17,  1876. 

243  Stephen  Chandler^  Eanney  (Stephen^,  William^,  Thomas*, 
Thomas^  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  Jan.  29,  1815,  Westminster 
West,  Vt;  m.  (1)  June  26,  1849,  Westminster.  Vt.,  Fanny 
Eaton  Paine,  b.  Apr.  11,  1813,  Westminster,  Vt.,  who  d.  Nov. 
20,    1861;    m.    (2)    Feb.    24,    1863,    Mrs.    Mary    I.    Goodell,    b. 

;    d.  Oct.  20,  1888;    rem.  to  Athens,"  Vt.,  1864,  Town 

Treas.,    Mem.    Leg.    1876-7,    postmaster    for   some   years,   Meth., 
Eep. ;    in  1885  rem.  to  Grafton,  Vt.,  where  he  died  Sept.  5,  1871. 

Tirzah  Eaton,  b.  Nov.  14,  1850 ;   m.  Mar.  19,  1873,  William 
Chamberlain  Eobbins,  b.  Mar.  18,  1851,  Milford,  Mass., 
son  of  Willard  E.  Eobbins  and  Maria  Johnson;    clerk 
in  Pension  Office,  Washington,  D.  C. 

844  Amaziah  Thomas''  Eanney  (brother  to  Stephen  Chandler), 
b.  Apr.  10,  1817,  Westminster  West,  Vt;  m.  Jan.  5,  1858,  Marl- 
boro, Vt,  Jane  Knight,  farmer,  d.  Oct.  5,  1900;  widow  and  son 
res.  on  the  farm,  Westminster  West,  Vt. 


Oscar  James,  b.   Aug.   25,   1861;    unm. ;    res.   Westminster 
West.  Vt. 

245  William  Erastus^    (brother  to  Stephen  Chandler),  b.  Mar. 

18,  1819,  Westminster  West,  Vt.;    m.   (1)  ;    m.   (2) 

Eoxv  Sophronia  Stockwell,  b.  Mar.  12,  1822,  Dummerston  Hill, 
Vt. ;  d.  Aug.  5,  1868,  Bakersfield,  Cal.  He  res.  in  St.  Paul,  Minn., 
then  in  Bakersfield,  Cal.,  where  he  d.  Nov.  12,  1874. 

Children,  b.  in  St.  Paul: 
Eoyal  John,  b.  Oct.  30,  1853. 
Eoxy  Grace  Ann,  b.  May  30,  1856;  m.  1879,  Jerome  Troy, 

b.  1846  Oskaloosa,  la.;  stock  raiser,  Eep.,  I.  0.  0.  F. ; 

res.  Eaton,  New  Mexico. 
Lydia  Eosetta,  b.  May  27,  1858;   m.  Chas.  Nelson  Williams. 

246  Otis  Lorenzo^  Eanney  (brother  to  Stephen  Chandler),  b. 
July  16,  1821,  Westminster,  Vt. ;  m.  Mercy  Ann  Gorton,  b.  Nov. 
2,  1828,  Chesterfield.  Vt.;  d.  May  3,  1885,  Grafton,  Vt.,  dau. 
of  Thomas  Gorton  and  Laura  Harvey.  He  d.  Mar.  12,  1894, 
Grafton,  Vt. 

Ch  ildren : 

475  Mercy   Ann,    b.    Sept.    13,    1851;   m.   W^orks.     Ees. 

W.  Northfield,  Vt. 

476  Ellen  Francese,  b.  Dec.  13,  1853 ;  m.  Omer  Sumner  Stuart. 
Otis  Lorenzo,   b.   Jan.   22,   1855;  m.   Jan.    1,   1879,   Ellen 

Maria  Edwards,  b.  Feb.  18,  1857,  Athens.  Vt.,  dau.  of 
Othniel  Eoss  Edwards  and  Anna  Maria  Powers;  farmer, 
Eep.,  Bapt. ;    res.  Grafton,  Vt.     Child: 
Anna  Maria,  b.  June  26,  1882. 

247  Lorin  Little^  Eanney  (brother  to  Stephen  Chandler),  b. 
Sept.  26,  1823,  Westminster  West,  Vt;  m.  Oct.  16,  1851,  Wil- 
mington, Vt.,  Abbie  Ann  Wilcox,  b.  Sept.  16,  1827,  Coventry, 
Vt.;  d.  Dec.  1,  1903,  Brookline,  Vt. ;  dau.  of  Alanson  Wilcox 
and  Persia  Hitchcock.  He  was  mem.  of  Cong.  Ch.  from  early 
manhood;  rem.  1865,  to  Brookline,  Vt.,  where  he  d.  Sept.  4, 
1904.     The  aged  parents  were  faithfully  cared  for  by  their  son. 

Virgil  Waitstill,  b.   Mar.   15,   1854;    m.   Oct.   16,   1903,  N. 
Pomfret,   Vt.,    Elizabeth    L.    White,   b.    Nov.    5,    1868; 
Town  Treas,  1884;    Town  Clerk,  1897;    J.  of  P.,  1899; 
Notary  Public,  Eep.,  Meth. ;    res.  Brookline,.  Vt. 


Leola  Sarah,  b.  Feb.  19,  1858;    m.  Oct.  24,  1883,  Clarence 
Warren   Adams,   b.   Nov.   3,   1856,   Newfane,   Vt,   son 
of  Marcus  Warren  Adams  and  Sarah  Bellows ;  machin- 
ist;   res.   Howard,  R.   I.     Child: 
Clarence  Raymond,  b.  Apr.  10,  1898. 

248  Freeman'  Ranney  (Ephraim®,  Ephraim^,  Ephraim*, 
Thomas^  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  May  11,  1806,  Westminster  West. 
Vt;  m.  (1)  Emily  Flanders  of  Coventry,  Vt.,  d.  Apr.  27.  1866: 
m.  (2)  June,  1871,  Mrs.  Elizabeth  Huse. '  He  d.  Aug.  31.  1881. 


Oliver,  b. . 

Alonzo  Philip,  b. 

Wm.  Bradford,  b.  Jan.  24,  1835;    d.  Feb.  12,  1892. 
Eugene    Oliver,    b.    July    16,    1840;    grad.    Wesleyan    Uni., 

physician;    res.   Barton's  Landing,  Vt. 

Henry  Clay,  b. ;  d.  Dec.  16,  1906,  Brooklyn,  X.  Y. 

Ephraim    Clark,    b.    ;     enl.    30th    Mass.    Vols.; 

d.  Baton  Rouge,  La. 

Leavitt,  b.  . 

477     Charles  Freeman,  b.  Dec.  8,  1851. 

249  Sullivan^  Ranney  (brother  to  Freeman),  b.  Nov.  23,  1808. 
Westminster  West,  Vt.;  m.  (1)  Sept.  7,  1834,  Coventry,  Vt., 
Phebe  Higgins,  b.  May  30,  1811,  Coventry,  Vt.;  d.  June  11, 
1852,  Kirby,  Vt.;  m.  (2)  Mar.  7,  1853,  Kirby,  Vt.,  Mary  Huse. 
b.  Mar.  2,  1825,  Kirby,  Vt. ;  d,  July  12,  1899,  Concord,  Vt. ;  dau. 
of  Nathan  Huse  and  Isabel  Charlton;  he  d.  Mar.  13,  1895.  West 
Concord,  Vt. 

Sullivan  Ranney  was  eighteen  years  of  age  when  his  father  died, 
and  he  was  obliged  to  leave  home  to  provide  for  himself.  His 
mother  packed  his  belongings  in  a  small  bundle,  which  he  carried 
on  a  stick  over  his  shoulder.  For  four  years  he  was  in  the  employ 
of  Mr.  John  Hayden  of  Brookline,  Mass.,  and  in  after  years,  when 
he  took  his  cattle  to  a  Boston  market,  he  found  a  welcome  in  this 
family.  He  then  went  to  Coventry,  Vt.,  to  provide  a  home  for 
his  mother,  but  removed  soon  after  marriage  to  Kirby,  Vt.,  where 
he  purchased  a  farm,  and  resided  on  it  for  thirty-five  years,  adding 
largely  to  his  first  purchase.  Left  a  widower  with  four  boys,  he 
married  the  next  year  a  "  woman  of  strong,  beautiful  character, 
of  good  health,  and  great  courage.  Her  ideals  were  high,  and  she 
impressed  her  traits  on  these  adopted  sons."  The  times  following 
the  war  were  prosperous,   and   Sullivan  Ranney,  with   his  large 


farm  and  extensive  pastures,  shared  in  the  prosperity,  and  took 
his  fatted  cattle  to  market.  He  continued  to  be  an  extensive  stock 
raiser.  In  1869  he  removed  to  a  farm  in  Concord,  Vt,,  which  is 
now  owned  and  conducted  by  his  daughters,  Nellie  and  Jennie. 
They  have  125  acres  of  tillage  land  and  400  acres  of  pasture. 
Though  not  prominent  in  public,  he  was  active  in  town,  affairs. 
He  was  a  member  of  the  Cong.  Ch.  at  East  St.  Johnsbury,  Vt., 
from  1852  till  his  death.  Mar.  13,  1895.  His  children  have 
placed  in  this  church  a  memorial  window  in  memory  of  him  and 
Mary  Huse,  his  wife.  At  eighty-six  years  of  age  he  planned  his 
work  and  managed  his  own  business,  and  until  within  a  few  weeks 
of  his  death.  "  His  was  a  grand  life,  the  kind  that  makes  the 
world  better  for  his  having  lived  in  it.  His  untiring  energy,  ster- 
ling integrity,  and  genuine  honesty  makes  his  life  still  live  on. 
inspiring  and  ennobling  the  lives  of  those  he  loved,  and  who  loved, 
respected,  and  honored  him  so  well."  The  eleven  children  are 

Children  by  1st  marriage: 

478  Scotto  Clark,  b.  Feb.  19,  1837. 

479  Edson  Higgins,  b.  July  6,  1841. 

480  Henry,  b.  July  4,  1843. 

481  George,  b.  Dec.  21.  1845. 

Child  hy  2d  marriage: 

482  Charles  Sullivan,  b.  Jan.  10,  1855. 

Nellie  Mary,  b.  Jan.  2,  1857 ;   unm. ;   res.  Concord,  Vt. 
Jennie  Phebe,  b.   Apr.   1,   1860;    unm!;    res.   Concord.   Vt. 
These  two  sisters  conduct  the  great  farm. 

483  Nathan  Huse,  b.  Aug.  18,  1861. 
483a  William  Eugene,  b.  Feb.  24,  1863. 

484  Almira  Isabel,  b.  July  8,  1864;    m.  D.  J.  Lunnie. 

485  Ella  Luthera,  b.  July  14;    1866;    m.  Elmer  Eeed. 

250  Helvann^  Eannev  (Calvin".  Ephraim^,  Ephraim*,  Thomas^, 
Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  Jan.  28,  1805,  Westminster  West,  Vt. ; 
m.  (1)  Oct.  19,  1824,  Geo.  W.  Holland  of  Townshend.  Vt;  m. 
(2)  Sept.  11,  1831,  Willard  Crowell,  b.  Jan.  4,  1798;  d.  Nov. 
17,  1874,  Westminster  West;  farmer;  she  d.  Sept.  11,  1893. 

Children  hy  1st  marriage: 
Jane  Holland,  b.  Jan.  13.  1827;    d.  Dec.  5,  1875;    m.  James 
Hazeltine;    res.  Waterbury,  Mass.     Children: 
James  Henry,  Jane,  George. 


Children  hy  2d  marriage: 
Henry  Holland   Crowell,  b.   Dec.   18,   1834;  res.  Westmin- 
ster West,  Vt. 

251  Ehoda  Harlow'^  Eanney  (sister  to  Helyann),  b.  Mar.  29, 
1809,  Westminster  West,  Vt.;  m.  Aug.  25,  1834,  BenJ.  Clark; 
b.  Mar.  31,  1813,  Westminster,  Vt.,  d.  Mar.  24,  1884,  Kossuth  Co., 
la.,  son  of  Timothy  Clark;  blacksmith,  served  in  Civil  War,  Dem., 
Co.  Supervisor;  she  d.  Aug.  15,  1880. 

486     Mary   Seymour,   b.   Jan.    30,   1839;     m.    (1)    George   Perry 
"Steele;    m.  (2)   Oscar  F.  Hale. 

252  Peyton'^  Eanney  (Grant  Willis^,  Ephraim^,  Ephraim*, 
Thomas^  Thomas^  Thomas^),  b.  Nov.  29,  1826,  Westminster 
West,  Vt. ;  m.  Nov.  24,  1851.  Hannah  Moore  Hitchcock,  b.  Oct. 
16,  1828,  Westminster  West,  dau.  of  David  Hitchcock  and  Han- 
nah Owen.  He  d.  Oct.  13,  1889,  Kalamazoo,  Mich.,  where  the 
widow  resides. 

In  1857  Mr.  Eanney  rem.  to  Kalamazoo,  and  taught  in  a  writ- 
ing school.  In  1858  he  went  into  the  grocery  business  with  his 
brother-in-law,  Wm.  B.  Cutting.  In  1864  he  went  into  the  grain 
business.  He  became  mayor  of  Kalamazoo,  and  represented  the 
city  in  the  legislature.  At  his  funeral  all  business  houses  closed. 
He  was  a  member  of  K.  of  P.,  B.  P.  0.  E.,  and  hon.  mem.  of  the 
Light  Guard. 

Homer  D.,  b.  May  16,  1853;    d.  Oct.  23,  1880;    m.  Jan.  9, 

1878,  Adaline  Elvira  Wilson;    she  m.    (2)    . 

Edward  H.,  b.   Jan.   26,   1855;  m.   Oct.   20,   1881,   Maude 

Mason.     Children:   Von  T.  and  Germaine  0. 
Marv  H.,  b.  Feb.  2,  1860 ;    d.  Oct.  10,  1870. 
David  H.,  b.  Mar.,  1862;    d.  1863. 
Flora  H.,  b.  May  2,  1865;    d.  Nov.  10,  1871. 
Harry  G.,  b.  1868;    d.  1873. 

253  Mary  Ann^  Eanney  (sister  to  Peyton),  b.  July  28,  1828, 
Westminster  West,  Vt. ;  m.  Aug.  14,  1851,  Westminster  West, 
William  Brackett  Cutting,  b.  Nov.  27,  1827,  Guilford,  Vt.;  d. 
Dec.  17,  1903,  Dorchester,  Mass.,  while  spending  the  winter  with 
his  son  William.  The  following  is  part  of  the  obituary  in  the 
Brattleboro  paper: 

"  Mr.   Cutting  had  been  for  many  3^ears  one  of  the  most  re- 


spectecl  and  honored  citizens  of  the  town.  He  was  born  in  Green 
"River,  a  village  of  Guilford,  in  1827,  was  employed  for  a  time 
in  connection  with  his  father's  business,  bnt  in  1853  entered  the 
service  of  the  Old  Colony  Eailroad,  and  in  1854  went  to  Law- 
renceville,  Ind..  where  he  was  employed  for  several  years  by  the 
Indianapolis  and  Cincinnati  Eailroad.  While  there  his  health 
failed  seriously,  and  he  resigned  his  position  and  removed  to  Kala- 
mazoo, where  he  engaged  in  trade  and  other  biisiness  in  partner- 
ship with  his  brother-in-law,  Hon.  Peyton  Eanney.  After  a  few 
years,  failing  health  obliged  him  to  retire  and  return  to  the  East, 
first  making  a  short  stay  in  Brattleboro,  but  soon  removing  to  this 
place,  in  1871,  where  he  had  since  continued  to  live,  but  never 
with  very  firm  health. 

"  He  quickly  became  a  leading  citizen  of  the  town,  filling  many 
offices  of  trust,  and  enjoying  the  unlimited  confidence  of  his  towns- 
men. He  was  chosen  to  represent  the  county  for  a  term  as  one 
of  its  senators  in  the  General  Assembly  of  the  State.  Upon  the 
formation  of  Maple  Grove  Grange  he  was  a  charter  member  and 
its  first  Master.  He  held  some  of  its  offices  for  a  considerable 
time,  and  was  always  deeply  interested  in  its  welfare,  as  in  the 
social  and  general  well-being  of  the  community  in  all  its  interests. 
Though  the  church  was  not  denominationally  that  of  his  choice, 
he  supported  it  constantly,  being  always  present,  when  able,  at  its 
services  with  his  entire  family.  He  was  for  many  years  the  leader 
of  the  choir,  and  with  some  of  his  children  gave  to  it  a  high  charac- 
ter for  the  choir  of  a  country  church. 

"  The  body  was  brought  here  for  burial  on  Monday,  being  met 
at  the  church  by  almost  the  entire  membership  of  the  Grange 
and  by  the  citizens  of  the  place,  and  followed  in  procession  to 
the  cemetery  lot,  where  the  burial  service  of  the  Grange  was  used 
in  part,  and  prayer  was  offered  bv  the  recent  pastor,  Eev.  Henrv 
A.  Goodhue." 

Widow  resides  on  the  farm  cleared  by  Ephraim''  Eanney. 

Children  : 
William  Lewis,  b.  Jime  27,  1852. 

Mary  Eanney,  b.  Apr.  14,  1857;    res.  on  the  home  farm. 
Charles  Curtis,  b.  Dec.  1,  1859. 
Frank  Henrv,  b.  Sept.  12,  1862. 
Stella  Matilda,  b.  Feb.  6,  1868. 
Nelly  Grant,  b.   Oct.   28,   1869. 

254  SamueF  Eannev  (Elijah",  Elijah^  Ephraim*,  Thomas-\ 
Thomas^   Thomas^),   b.    Nov.'  8,   1792,   Westminster   West,   Vt.; 


m.  Dec.  8,  1813,  Lydia  Goodhue,  b.  Dec.  20,  1793,  Westminster 
West,  Vt.,  dau.  of  Deacon  Ebenezer  Goodhue  and  Lydia  Panney. 
Deacon  Goodhue  descended  from  William  Goodhue,  b.  in  England, 
1612,  came  to  America  in  1635,  and  d.  at  Essex,  Mass.,  1G99.  Mr. 
Eanney  removed,  1818,  to  Locke.  Cayuga  Co.,  X.  Y.,  later  to 
Summer  Hill,  N.  Y. ;  held  offices  of  Supervisor,  Justice  of  the 
Peace,  and  other  local  offices,  and  was  a  prosperous  farmer.  Late 
in  life  the  couple  made  their  home  with  their  son,  Elijah  Craw- 
ford, where  he  d.  in  1881. 

Ch  ildren : 

Samuel  Henry,  b.  July  26,  181-1;    d.  Sept.  22,  1818. 

Fanny  Goodhue,  b.  May  9,  1818 ;    d.  Dec.  12,  1830. 

487  Henry  Eugene,  b.  Aug.  21,  1821. 

488  Elijah  Crawford,  b.  June  3,  1825;    d.  Aug.  2.  1906. 

489  Ebenezer  Goodhue,  b.  June  7,  1830. 

255  Alfred^  Eanney  (brother  to  Samuel),  b.  Dec.  29,  1794, 
Westminster  West,  Vt. ;  ra.  Dec.  28,  1820,  Rhoda  Goodhue,  b. 
Mar.  12,  1796,  dau.  of  Deacon  Ebenezer  Goodhue  and  Lydia" 
Eanney;  rem.  to  Summer  Hill.  New  York;  he  d.  May  22,  1873: 
she  d.  Mar.  9,  1876;    no  children. 

256  Fanny^  Eanney  (sister  to  Samuel),  b.  Sept.  12,  1799,  West- 
minster West,  Vt.;  m.  Mar.  7,  1822,  Deacon  Edmund  Hallett, 
Westminster  West,  b.  Aug.  29,  1798,  Westminster  West;  d.  May 
25,  1876,  St.  Johnsbury,  Vt.;  son  of  Gideon  Hallett  and  Lydia 
Hall;  farmer.  Deacon  Cong.  Ch. ;  she  d.  Aug.  27,  1871,  St. 
Johnsbury  Centre,  Vt. ;    mem.   Cong.  Ch. 

Children  : 
Ezra  Ide,  b.  Aug.  14,  1823;    res.  St.  Johnsbury,  Vt. 
Henry  Freeman,  b.  Apr.  11,  1829;    d.  Feb.  18,  1865. 
Eliza   Jane,   b.    May   2,    1835;   m.    V.    P.    Townsend.     Ees. 

Worcester,  Mass. 
Alfred  Eanney,  b.  Aug.  22,  1837 ;   d.  July  10,  1896. 
Phila  Ann,  b.  July  10,  1839;    unm.;    res.  Worcester,  Mass. 

257  EusselP  Eanney  (brother  to  Samuel),  b.  Feb.  20,  1802. 
Westminster  West,  Vt. ;  m.  Dec.  22,  1825,  Westminster  West,  Vt.. 
Narcissa  Sparta  Warner,  b.  Aug.  26,  1804,  Westminster  West; 
d.  June  15,  1876,  Westminster  West,  Vt. ;  dau.  of  Gideon  War- 
ner and  Eebecca''  Eannev.  Eussell  Eanney  rem.  to  Comstock. 
N.  Y.,  1877 ;  farmer,  First  Selectman  1839-47,  Eep.,  Cong.  Ch. ; 
d.  Mar.  12,  1891,  Comstock,  N.  Y. 


Children  : 
Mark,  b.  July  7,  1827;    m.  Oct.,  1865,  Somerville,  Mass.. 
Martha  W.  Sawyer;    was  Siipt.  of  Iowa  State  Asylum, 
Mt.  Pleasant,  la.,  where  he  d.  Jan.  31,  1882.     She  d. 
1907,  leaving  $100,000  to  Iowa  State  University. 
Eugene  Alfred,  b.  Dec.  10,  1830;    d.  Oct.  7,  1899." 
Preston  Charles,  b.  Apr.  15,  1835;   d.  Dec.  16,  1859. 

490  Lvdia  Eebecca.  b.  Dec.  27,  1842;    m.  Edward  Luman  Camp- 


258  Mark'  Eanney  (brother  to  Samuel),  b.  Apr.  17,  1804, 
Westminster  West,  Vt. ;  m.  Dec.  29,  1830,  Columbia  Smith,  b. 
Nov.  11,  1812,  West  Salisbury,  Vt;  d.  Mar.  8,  1865,  West 
Salisbury,  Vt. ;  dau.  of  Joseph  Smith  and  Polly  Graves;  farmer, 
mem.  Cong.  Ch. ;    he  d.  Mar.  31,  1889.  Salisbury,  Vt. 

Albro  A.,  b.   Nov.   23,   1831;    m.   Ellen  A.   Crook,  dau.   of 
Crawford  S.  Cook  and  Augusta  C.  Enos;    no  children; 
res.  West  Salisbury,  Vt. 

259  Lydia^  Eanney  (sister  to  Samuel),  b.  May  10,  1806,  West- 
minster West,  Vt. ;  m.  Apr.  5,  1837,  Frederic  Goodell;  she  d. 
Apr.  12.  1873. 

Children  : 
Frederick  Homer. 
George  Eanney. 
Lydia  Elizabeth. 

260  Elijah  Bradford"  Eanney  (brother  to  Samuel),  b.  Aug. 
4,  1808,  Westminster  West,  Vt.;  m.  June  25,  1835,  Westminster 
West,  Elizabeth'  Goodhue,  b.  Apr.  1,  1814;  d.  Sept.  24,  1873, 
Neenah,  Wis. ;  dau.  of  Deacon  Ebenezer  Goodhue  and  Lydia®  Ean- 
ney; farmer,  Eep.,  Cong.,  Colonel  of  Vt.  Militia  1843-1848;  rem. 
1848,  to  Palmyra,  Wis.,  later  to  Neenah,  Wis.,  where  he  was  for 
thirty  years  mem.  of  Co.  Supervisors;    he  d.  Apr.  25,  1891. 

Children : 

491  Caroline,  b.  June  25,  1838;    m.  F.  W.  Wheeler. 

Homer  Cosmore,  b.  May  17.  1842;  teacher  for  several 
years;  enlisted,  1862,  in  Co.  I,  21st  Eeg.  Wis.  Vols.; 
wounded  at  Perrysville;  rem.  to  hospital  at  Lebanon, 
Ky.,  where  he  d.  Nov.  12,  1862. 

Jane  Elizabeth,  b.  Nov.  7,  1844;    unm.;    res.  Neenah.  Wis. 


261  Lyman  Crawford^  Eanney  (brother  to  Samuel),  b.  Sept.  32, 
1810,  Westminster  West,  Vt. ;  m.  (1)  Nov.  27,  1834.  Lucy  Abi- 
gail Miller,  b.  Oct.  31,  1812;  d.  Nov.  17,  1853;  m.  (2)  Aug. 
18,  1859,  Putney,  Vt.,  Hannah  Grout,  b.  May  9,  1819,  Newfane. 
Vt.;  d.  Oct.  31,  1880.  Newfane;  farmer;  he  d.  Nov.  12,  1892, 
St.  Johnsbury,  Vt. 

Children  by  1st  marriage: 
Ellen,  b.  July  15,  1836;  'd.  unm..  Dec.  11,  1879. 

492  Alfred  Patterson,  b.  June  16.  1838. 

John  Franklin,  b.  Sept.  17,  1840;    d.  July  3,  1843. 

Walter  Warren,  b.  Dec.  18,  1843;  d.  July  31,  1863.  Balti- 
more Hospital;  Serg.  Co.  B,  16th  Vt.  Vol.  Sermon 
preached  at  burial,  Aug.  6,  1863,  in  Westminster  West, 
by  the  Eev.  Alfred  Stevens. 

493  Mary  Elizabeth,  b.  Feb.  16,  1846;    m.  Otis  P.  Buxton. 

494  Isabella   Crawford,  b.  Dec.  6,  1851;    m.   Chas.  H.   Stevens. 

262  George"  Eanney  (brother  to  Samuel^),  b.  Feb.  T,  1813, 
Westminster,  West,  Vt. ;  m.  Feb.  14,  1839,  Westminster  West, 
Eliza  Jane  Hall,  b.  Mar.  21,  1818,  Westminster  West,  dau.  of 
Atherton  Hall  and  Olive  Hallett,  who  had  ten  children,  eight  of 
whom  reached  maturity.  This  family  rem.  1790,  from  Cape  Cod. 
Olive  Hallett  was  dau.  of  Gideon  Hallett  who  had  thirteen  chil- 
dren. Mr.  Eanney  rem.  1841,  to  St.  Johnsbury,  Vt.,  where  he  d. 
Apr.  9,  1899,  having  served  as  a  deacon  for  many  years.  He  was 
a  typical  successful  Vermont  farmer,  whose  integrity  was  recog- 
nized by  all  and  made  him  a  marked  man  in  the  community.  The 
widow  res.  on  the  farm  with  her  daughter,  Mrs.  Geo.  H.  Morrill. 

George  Wallace,  b.  Mar.  18,  1842,  d.  Jan.  9,  1843. 

495  Charles  Hall,  b.  July  22,  1844. 

496  Crawford,  b.  Feb.  2,  1848. 

497  Olive  Eliza,  b.  Sept.  20,  1852 ;  m.  F.  A.  Pierce. 

498  Fremont,  b.  May  15,  1856. 

499  Sarah  Jane,  b.  July  6,  1858 ;  m.  G.  H.  Morrill. 

263.  Aretus'  Eanney  (Joseph^,  Elijah^,  Ephraim*,  Thomas% 
Thomas',  Thomas^),  b.  Nov.  14,  1803,  Westminster  West,  Vt. ; 
m.  (1)  May  7,  1827,  Westminster  West,  Hannah  D.  Tyler,  b.  Apr. 
17,  1804,  d.  Apr.  5,  1837,  Chittenden,  Vt. ;  m.  (2)  Jan.  2,  1838, 
Cleopatra  Clark,  b.  Nov.  10,  1810,  Westminster  West,  d.  Aug.  14, 
1881,  Malta,  III,  dau.  of  Capt.  Perez  Clark,  b.  1771,  d.  1850,  who 
was  son  of  Capt.  Scotto  Clark  of  Cape  Cod  and  Patience  Snow. 


Father  and  son,  sea  captains,  brought  their  gold  in  the  center  of 
a  tierce  of  salt.  They  were  descended  from  Thomas  Clark  of  the 

Mr.  Eanney  rem,  1834,  to  Chittenden,  Vt.,  and  in  1875  to  Malta, 
111.,  where  he  d.  Dec.  23,  1891.  From  early  life  he  was  a  mem. 
of  Cong.  ch. 


Mary  Jane,  b.  Oct.  1,  1828;  d.  unm.  Mar.  3,  1869. 

Shailer  Arnold,  b.  Sept.  12,  1830;  d.  July  14,  1831. 

Caroline  A.,  b.  Oct.  10,  1832. 

Ellen  A.,  b.  Sept.  15,  1834;  d.  Oct.  4,  1836. 

500  Emma  Snow,  b.  Mar.  10,  1840;  d. ;  m.  Alanson 

E.  Puffer.    Ees.  Malta,  111. 

501  Matilda,  b.  Oct.  18,  1841 ;  m.  Winslow  Holmes. 
Albert  Brainard,  b.  Oct.  14,  1850;  d.  Mar.  13,  1873. 

264  Philetus'^  Eanney  (brother  to  Aretus),  b.  Jan.  8,  1806, 
Westminster  West,  Vt. ;  m.  Sept.  25,  1834,  Athens,  Vt.,  Esther 
Johnson  Powers,  b.  Aug.  21,  1812,  Athens,  Vt.,  dau.  of  Nathaniel 
Powers  and  Esther  Johnson.  He  rem.  1842,  to  Palmyra,  Wis.,  be- 
fore a  church  or  school  house  had  been  erected  and  built  a  log 
house  for  himself  and  many  for  others.  As  many  as  40  Indians 
would  come  to  the  door  at  a  time  and  ask  for  food.  Prom,  in  ch. 
and  community.  Engaged  in  hardware  business  and  was  tax  col- 
lector. Died  of  Asiatic  cholera  Sept.  5,  1854.  The  widow  m.  Apr. 
25,  1856,  Thomas  Channel  and  d.  July  25,  1864,  of  smallpox 
brought  by  returning  soldiers.  # 

Children : 

502  Priscilla  Esther,  b.  Sept.  28,  1837 ;  m.  M.  A.  Throne. 

503  Selina  Eoxana,  b.  May  4,  1840 ; ;  m.  E.  J.  Forester. 

504  Elsie  Josephine,  b.  Apr.  7,  1842. 

265  Ira  Patterson'^  Eanney  (brother  to  Aretus),  b.  Oct.  3,  1810, 
Westminster  West,  Vt. ;  m.  (1)  Mar.  2,  1835,  Mary  Lucinda  Farn- 
ham,  b.  Sept.  15,  1811;  d.  Mar.  21,  1866;  m.  (2)  Betsy  Wood, 
b.  May  13,  1828,  Cincinnatus,  N.  Y.  He  rem.  to  Summerhill,  N. 
Y.,  farmer  and  Free  Meth.,  d.  Feb.  i4,  1848. 

Children : 

505  William  Addison,  b.  Jan.  25,  1836. 

506  Clifford  Ira,  b.  May  25,  1838. 

266  Eev.  Timothy  Emerson'^  Eanney  (brother  to  Aretus),  b.  Jan. 
17,  1815,  Westminster  West,  Vt. ;  m.  Apr.  28,  1844,  Ashby,  Mass., 


Charlotte  Taylor,  b.  1817,  Ashby,  Mass.;  d.  Feb.  18,  1874,  North 
Troy,  Vt.  Eev.  Timothy  Emerson  Eanney  was  educated  at  Phil- 
lips Exeter  Academy,  Middlebury  College,  and  Andover  Theo- 
logical School.  After  leaving  school  he  preached  for  a  time  at 
Barnett,  Vt.  In  1844  he  went  as  missionary  to  the  Pawnee  Indians 
under  the  direction  of  the  "  A.  B.  C.  E.  M."  For  three  years  he 
was  in  what  is  now  Minnesota,  but  at  that  time  was  "  Unexplored 
Territory."  On  being  recalled  he  returned  to  New  England,  bring- 
ing with  him  two  Indian  children  which  had  been  found  scalped 
and  left  to  die  by  the  wayside. 

Soon  after  his  return  the  "A.  B.  C.  F.  M."  sent  him  to  the 
Cherokee  Indians  where  he  remained  for  fourteen  years.  With 
others  in  the  field  he  established  a  mission  known  as  Lee's  Creek, 
which  was  in  Indian  Territory,  about  fourteen  miles  from  Fort 
Smith,  and  about  the  same  distance  from  Van  Buren,  Arkansas. 
While  at  Lee's  Creek  two  sons  were  born  to  him.  Joseph  Emerson 
in  1849,  and  Timothy  Taylor  in  1852. 

The  outbreak  of  the  Civil  War  in  1861  made  it  necessary  for 
him  to  leave  the  south,  as  he  was  known  to  be  a  northern  sympa- 
thizer. After  his  return  to  New  England  he  preached  for  a  time 
at  Oxford,  Maine.  In  1864  he  bought  a  small  farm  at  St.  Johns- 
bury,  Vt.,  but  not  desiring  to  give  up  the  ministry  he  preached  at 
West  Charlestown,  Vt.,  at  Holland,  Vt.,  and  then  at  North  Troy, 
Vt.,  where  his  wife  died  in  1874.  Then  on  account  of  failing 
health  retired  to  his  St.  Johnsbury  farm,  where  he  died  July  30, 

Jane  Marian,  b.  Sept.  15,  1845 ;  d.  same  day, 

507  Joseph  Emerson,  b.  May  9,  1849. 

508  Timothy  Taylor,  b.  Nov.  9,  1852. 

267  Eev.  Joseph  Addison^  Eanney  (brother  to  Aretus),  b.  Feb. 
15,  1817,  Westminster  West,  Vt.;  m.  (1)  Sept.  23,  1841,  Adaline 
Hitchcock,  b.  1818,  Westminster  West;  d.  Aug.  25,  1852,  Belle- 
ville,  111:;   m.    (2)    Oct.    1,    1853,   Wealthy   Ann   Hitchcock,   b. 

;  d.  Feb.  2,  1875;  m.  (3)  May  17,  1876,  Delphi,  Ind., 

Sophronia  Freeman  Matthews;  m.  (4)  Apr.  23,  1891,  Mrs.  Jane 
Blackburn  Stewart.  He  d.  Dec.  6,  1891,  Kalamazoo,  Mich.  The 
following  is  gleaned  from  a  pamphlet,  "  In  Memoriam." 

Eeceived  into  the  church,  March  6,  1831,  with  30  others;  entered 
Phillips  Academy,  Andover,  Mass.,  in  next  month;  entered  Mid- 
dlebury College  1835 ;  grad.  1839.  Owing  to  ill  health  taught  in 
family  of  Captain  Calhoun,  nephew  of  the  renowned  John  C.  Cal- 
houn, Preston,  Miss.    In  May,  1841,  licensed  to  preach;  officiated 


at  two  small  stations ;  ordained  ^lay,  1842 ;  became  pastor  at 
Grenada,  Miss. ;  Jnne,  1843,  took  charge  at  Spring  Grove  and  Car- 
linville,  111.,  at  less  than  $400  salary;  1846  chaplain  of  Monticello 
Female  Seminary  and  pastor  of  the  ch.  Pastor,  1847,  at  Belle- 
ville, 111.  Pastor,  1854,  Allegan,  Mich.  Pastor,  1859-1872,  at 
Three  Elvers,  ]\Iich.  On  one  day  he  received  68  into  the  church 
and  a  $30,000  church  was  built  under  his  administration.  Eighty 
members  of  his  congregation  enlisted  in  the  army.  In  1864  he 
and  his  wife  served  six  weeks  for  the  Christian  Commission.  In 
1873  financial  agent  of  the  new  Michigan  Female  Seminary,  Kala- 
mazoo, Mich.,  modeled  after  Mt.  Holyoke  Seminary.  Trustee  1868 
to  his  death.  Pastor,  1873-78,  at  Delphi,  Indiana.  Eetired  1878 
from  active  pastorate  and  settled  in  Kalamazoo.  In  36  years  of 
pastoral  labor  had  preached  3304  sermons  in  16  States,  a^id  had 
received  469  persons  into  the  church  on  profession  and  309  by 
letter;  had  baptized  154  adults  and  127  infants.  After  25  years 
of  ministerial  labors  he  wrote :  "  Whatever  ambition  I  had  in  early 
years  for  high  position,  as  pastor  and  preacher,  it  is  plain  that  I 
can  expect  now  to  reach  no  very  great  eminence.  I  hope  to  con- 
tinue on  and  make  progress,  but  I  know  there  is  nothing  in  me 
that  is  destined  to  attract  the  wonder  and  admiration  of  the  world. 
From  my  first  enlistment  I  cannot  remember  that  I  ever  wavered 
in  my  purpose;  my  heart  was  fixed  on  the  great  calling." 

Sometimes  Mr.  Eanney  was  Commissioner  of  his  Presbytery  to 
the  General  Assembly  of  the  Presbyterian  church;  permanent  clerk 
of  the  Synod  of  Michigan,  1862-66;  moderator  1863;  Stated  clerk 
of  the  Presbytery  of  Kalamazoo  13  years;  Eepublican  and  lifelong 
enemy  of  slavery.  He  and  his  wife  were  on  a  train  overtaken  by 
the  flood  at  Conemaugh,  Pa.,  and  his  wife's  body  was  recovered 
after  three  months.  He  received  the  degree  of  D.  D.  from  Middle- 
bury  College.  The  author  of  his  "  In  Memoriam "  in  closing 
wrote :  "  The  supreme  heroic  moment  was  when,  amid  the  dash  of 
floods,  and  crash  of  debris  at  Conemaugh,  desolated  of  his  heart's 
treasure,  in  the  imminent  presence  of  an  awful  death,  he  stood 
unappalled,  resigned,  triumphant,  comforting  his  affrighted  com- 
panions in  peril  Avith  the  testimony  of  a  sublime  faith ;  '  God  is 
our  Eefuge  and  Strength,  a  very  present  help  in  trouble.  There- 
fore will  we  not  fear,  though  the  earth  be  removed,  and  though  the 
mountains  be  carried  into  the  midst  of  the  seas;  though  the  waters 
thereof  roar  and  be  troubled;  though  the  mountains  shake  with 
the  swelling  thereof.' " 

CkUdren  hij  1st  marruiqe: 
Timothy  Addison,  b.  Dec,  1842 ;  d.  Mar.  7,  1843. 


509  Albert  Barnes,  b.  Oct.  31,  1844. 

510  Joseph  Addison,  b.  Oct.  13,  18-47. 

Julia  Sturtevant,  b.  Dec.  13,  1850;  d.  Xov.  14,  1851. 

2G8  Joel  Arnold^  Eanney  (brother  to  Aretus),  b.  Dec.  9,  1824, 
Westminster  West,  Vt. ;  m.  May  9,  1850,  Putney,  Vt.,  Nancy  Hub- 
bard Taft,  b.  Oct.  21,  1830,  Putney,  Vt.,  dau.  of  Preston  Willard 
Taft  and  Nancy  Hubbard.  Farmer;  Eep. ;  Cong.  d.  Dec.  30,  1869. 
Widow  res.  at  82  Alexander  St.,  Springfield,  Mass. 

Children : 
Charles  Herbert,  b.  Aug.  30,  1853;  m.  Feb.  3,  1891,  Hattie 
M.  Bailey.     Ees.  Saxton's  River,  Vt. 

511  Joseph  Preston,  b.  July  8,  1855. 

512  Mary  Alice,  b.  Mar.  28,  1858;  m.  Wm.  H.  Dickinson. 

513  George  Arthur,  b.  July  7,  1861. 

Clarice  Priscilla,  b.  Nov.  24,  1864 ;  d.  unm.  Oct  10,  1883. 

269  Rollin  Wallace'  Ranney  (brother  to  Aretus),  b.  Nov.  29, 
1826,  Westminster  West,  Vt. ;  m.  Nov.  22,  1866,  Fitchburg,  Mass., 
Asenath  Melvina  Caswell,  b.  Feb.  2,  1839,  Fitchburg,  Mass.,  dau. 
of  Stephen  Caswell  and  Laura  Patch  Farwell.  Farmer;  Cong.  d. 
Apr.  18,  1889.    Widow  res.  Westminster,  Vt. 

Children :  • 

Wallace  Farwell,  b.  Apr.  16,  1874,  unm. 
Laura  Dell,  b.  Sept.  7,  1876,  unm. 
Rollin  Hayes,  b.  Feb.  9,  1878,  unm. 

270  Henry  Porteus"  Ranney  (brother  to  Aretus),  b.  Jan.  30, 
1829,  Westminster  West,  Vt.,  on  the  farm  cleared  by  Elijah^,  and 
now  residing  on  the  same;  m.  Dec.  7,  1853,  Westminster  West,  Fran- 
ces Augusta  Hamblen,  b.  Aug.  20,  1833,  Westminster,  d.  Nov.  19. 
1903,  dau.  of  Benjamin  Watson  Hamblen  and  Matilda  Wyman. 
Educated  at  Chester  Academy ;  farmer,  Rep.,  Cong. ;  P.  0.  Putnev, 

Delia  Rebecca,  b.  Dec.  21,  1854;  m.  Apr.  10,  1895,  A.  Stevens 
Hall,  b.  Apr,  14,  1850,  Westminster  West,  Vt.,  son  of 
Edward  Hall  and  Frances  A.  Tuttle.  Grad.  Dartmouth 
College,  1873 ;  Boston  Law  Uni.  1875 ;  mem.  Leg.  of 
Mass.,  1904;  lawyer.  Rep.,  Cong.;  res.  Winchester,  Mass. 

271  RoswelF    Ranney    ( Daniel",    Daniel^,    Ephraim*,    Thomas', 


Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  Sept.  17,  1804;  m.  Nov.  7,  1830,  Stock- 
bridge,  Vt.,  Eebecca  Whitcomb,  b.  June  15,  1808,  d.  Feb.  18,  1886. 
He  d.  Mar.  1,  1894. 

Daniel  W.,  b.  Apr.  27,  1832;  d.  Feb.  3,  1904;  m.  May  16, 
1854,  Eleanor  Rogers,  b.  Feb.  18,  1836.     She  is  widow 
and  res.  Pittsfield,  Vt.     Child: 
Maud,  b.  1873;  d.  1903;  m.  Frank  Maynard.     Child: 
Ealph  Maynard.     Ees.  Pittsfield,  Vt. 

514  Sallie  Avery,  b.   Oct.  20,  1834;  m.  Feb.  28,  1856,  Jasper 

514a     Darius  Eoswell,  b.  Apr.  16,  1838,  Pittsfield,  Vt.;  d.  Mar. 
21,  1868;  m.  Sept.  6,  1862,  Agnes  Laura  Holt,  b.  Dec. 
27,  1844.     Child: 
May  Inez,  b.  Nov.  14,  1864;  m.  June  30,  1886,  William 
Miller  Stiles,  b.  Sept.  26,  1859,  Montgomery  Center, 
Vt.     Ees.  Flushing,  N.  Y.     Child: 
Howard  Eufus,  b.  Sept.  13,  1887. 
514b     Moses  F.,  b.  Apr.  10,  1843;  d.  June  16,  1864;  m.  Asenath 

Chandler;  she  d. .     Child: 

Clarence  M.,  b. ;  d.  . 

272  Daniel  Holland"  Eanney  (brother  to  Eoswell),  b.  Sept.  26, 
1808,-  Stockbridge,  Vt.;  m.  Nov.  21,  1833,  Stockbridge,  Fidelia 
Hunt  Sawyer,  b.  Feb.  6,  1814;  d.  Mar.  26,  1894,  Koshkonong, 
Wis.,  dau.  of  Isaac  Sawver  and  Charlotte  Hunt.  Eem.,  1838,  to 
Norfolk,  N.  Y. ;  1852  to  Elkhorn,  Wis. ;  1867  to  Koshkonong,  Wis., 
where  he  d.  Mar.  15,  1895.  Eep. ;  Meth. ;  Farmer.  A  man  of 
strong  mind  and  of  superior  ability.  A  child  writes :  "  It  was 
characteristic  of  my  father  to  espouse  a  cause  he  thought  to  be 
right,  whatever  the  opposition."  ]\Irs.  Eanney  was  the  grand- 
daughter of  a  Eev.  patriot. 

Children : 
Norman,  b.  July  8,  1835 ;  d.  Jan.  3,  1836. 

515  Emeline  Amelia,  b.  May  13,  1837;  m.  S.  S.  Steele. 

516  Justina  Belcher,  b.  Apr.  17,  1840 ;  m.  Eev.  Geo.  Eichardson. 
Moses,  b.  Apr.  9,  1843;  killed  June  15,  1863.  Port  Hudson, 

Miss.,  Serg.  Co.  A,  4th  Wis.  Vols. 
Permelia,  b.  Apr.  30,  1848;  d.  Aug.  16,  1850. 

517  Nellie,  b.  June  25,  1851;  m.  W.  H.  Bridges. 

518  Levi  Marble,  b.  Feb.  20,  1855. 

273  Silas''  Eanney  (brother  to  Eoswell),  b.  Feb.  21,  1810,  Stock- 
bridge,  Vt.;  m.  Sept.  26,  1833,  Stockbridge,  Vt.,  Martha  Sawyer, 


b.  Apr.  23,  1810,  Alstead,  N.  H. ;  d.  Feb.  15,  1899,  Elkhorn,  Wis., 
dau.  of  John  Sawyer.  Farmer ;  Rep. ;  Meth. ;  Rem.  1856,  to  Wis. ; 
1869  to  Iowa,  d.  Nov.  20,  1893,  New  Hartford,  la. 

Children : 
Martha  Cornelia,  b.  Feb.  23,  1855 ;  m.  N.  H.  ]\IcCollum. 

519  Amelia  Lucinda,  b.  Mar.  19,  1837 ;  m.  Jonathan  Allen. 
Sabra  Elizabeth,  b.  Dec.  7,  1840;  m.  Stewart  D.  Ellsworth. 

520  Fayette  Silas,  b.  Feb.   28,   1844. 

521  Martha  Vandora,  b.  Feb.  26,  1846 ;  m.  Thos.  J.  Pollock. 

522  Daniel  Leroy,  b.  Ang.  15,  1849. 

523  Wallace  Austin,  b.  Aug.  4,  1853. 

274  Reuben^  Ranney  (brother  to  Roswell),  b.  Oct.  31,  1811, 
Stockbridge,  Yt. ;  m.  Jan.  13,  1830,  Pittsfield,  Vt.,  Lucia  Rockwell, 
b.  July  31,  1811,  Salisbury,  Vt.,  dau.  of  Dea.  Eleazor  Bingham 
Rockwell  and  Abigail  Stoughton.  Farmer,  Meth.,  rem.  1858,  to 
Elkhorn,  Wis.,  where  he  d.  Jan.  16,  1882.    She  d.  Feb.  22,  1889. 

Children : 

524  Geraldine  Calista,  b.  Nov.  25,  1836:  m.  J.  Z.  Short. 
524a  Lucia  Ann,  b.  Sept.  26,  1840 ;  m.  I.  A.  Travis. 

525  Milo  Bingham,  b.  Sept.  8,  1850. 

526  Reuben  Waldo,  b.  May  14,  1855. 

275  Martha  Gile'  Ranney  (sister  to  Roswell),  b.  Aug.  25,  1816, 
Stockbridge,  Vt.;  m.  Oct.  9,  1837,  Pittsfield,  Vt.,  Africa  Davis,  b. 
Nov.  19,  1805 ;    She  d.  May  19,  1849. 

Children : 
Mintha  S.,  b.  July  24,  1839. 

Martha  Holland,  b.  Dec.  31,  1841 ;  d.  Feb.  25,  1858. 
Matilda  A.,  b.  Apr.  4,  1843. 
Jonathan  A.,  b.  Aug.  10,  1845 ;  d.  Aug.  18,  1847. 
Ranney,  b.  Nov.  3,  1847. 

276  Lucinda  Holland'  Ranney  (sister  to  Roswell),  b.  Feb.  19, 
1819,  Stockbridge,  Vt. ;  m.  Mar.  17,  1839,  Pittsfield,  Vt.,  Charles 
A.  Thomas,  b.  May  14,  1815.     She  d.  Aug.  9,  1858. 

Children  : 
Marthaett,  b.  July  22,  1841. 
Zilpah  A.,  b.  Oct.  15,  1843. 
Carlie  F.,  b.  Aug.  2,  1846. 
Charles  A.,  b.  Jan.  4,  1856 ;  d.  Aug.  7,  1856. 


277  Jonathan  Hollancr  Eanney  (brother  to  Eoswell),  b.  June 
2,  1822,  Stockbridge,  Yt. ;  m.  Nov.  8,  1845,  Pittsfield,  Vt.,  Lucy 
Jane  Guernsey,  b.  Dec.  20,  1822,  Westminster,  Vt. ;  d.  July  28, 
1903,  Newton,  N.  H.,  dau.  of  Eeuben  Guernsey  and  Achsah  Smith. 
The  farm  cleared  by  DanieP  Eanney  was  given  to  him  by  the  will 
of  the  widow  of  Dr.  Moses  Harris  Eanney.  He  was  farmer,  Mem. 
Leg.  in  1872 ;  F.  A.  M.     Died  June  22,  1897,  Pittsfield,  Vt. 

Aldula  Achsah,  b.  Dec.  27,  1847;  d.  Sept.  24,  1861. 

527  Harris  Guernsey,  b.  Nov.  30,  1850. 

528  Harley  Austin,  b.  Sept.  22,  1857. 

Zilpah  Elizabeth,  b.  June  15,   1863;  m.  Dr.   Axtell.     Ees. 
Newton,  N.  H. 
530     Fred  Lincoln,  b.  May  8,  1865. 

278  JoeP  Eanney  (brother  to  Eoswell),  b.  June  4,  1825;  m. 
Sarah  (Eo^ers)  Eanney,  b.  Oct.  23,  1823,  Norfolk,  N.  Y..  d.  Apr. 

29,  1897,  Pittsfield,  Vt.,  dau.  of  William  Eogers  and  

MacCraight,  and  widow  of  Moses  Eanney,  bro.  of  her  2d  husband, 
who  d.  Jan  25,  1875.    Was  a  farmer  and  mill  owner. 

Children : 

Julius  M.,  b.  1848 ;  m.  .    Ees.  Woonsocket,  E.  I. 

Lurella,  b.  1854;  d.  1866. 

Archibald  Joel,  b.  1868 ;    grad.  1894,  Dartmouth  Med.  Coll., 
Supt.  of  Lakeside  Hospital,  Cleveland,  0. 

279  Moses  Harris^  Eanney  (Moses^,  DanieP,  Ephraim*, 
Thomas^  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  Aug.  14,  1814;  m.  Jan.  2,  1837, 
Harriet  Bucklin  Barrows,  b.  Feb.  21,  1818 ;  d.  Sept.  3,  1901,  Bris- 
tol, Vt.  She  long  survived  her  husband  and  made  many  benefac- 
tions to  the  Episcopal  Church  of  St.  Edward  the  Martyr  in  New 
York  city.  Their  three  children,  all  unmarried,  preceded  her  to  the 
grave.  The  following  is  from  the  History  of  Salisbury,  Vt.,  bv 
John  M.  Weeks,  1860  : 

"  Moses  Harris  Eanney,  M.  D.,  was  born  Aug.  16,  1814,  at  South 
Hill  in  tthe  Town  of  Stockbridge,  Vt.  His  early  life  was  passed 
entirely  at  school  until  the  age  of  fifteen  years  when  he  commenced 
the  study  of  medicine  with  Dr.  Daniel  Huntington  of  Eochester, 
Vt.  Having  completed  the  usual  term  of  study  and  attended  four 
courses  of  medical  lectures,  he  graduated  at  the  age  of  nineteen 
at  the  Berkshire  Medical  College,  Pittsfield,  Mass.    (1838).     He 


remained  in  his  native  town  one  year  and  then  commenced  the 
practice  of  his  profession  in  Salisbury,  Vt.,  where  he  resided  eleven 
years.  In  1837  he  was  married  to  the  daughter  of  Aaron  Barrows, 
Esq.,  one  of  our  oldest  and  most  respected  citizens.  During  his 
residence  here  he  was  favored  with  an  extensive  and  lucrative  prac- 
tice for  a  country  practitioner  and  was  fast  arriving  at  eminence 
both  in  the  skill  and  learning  of  his  profession.  But  wishing  to 
perfect  his  knowledge  by  a  personal  observation  of  the  nature  and 
treatment  of  a  greater  variety  of  diseases  than  were  here  brought 
to  his  notice,  he  went  to  New  York  City  and  commenced  a  course 
of  critical  observations  in  Bellevue,  one  of  the  hospitals  of  that 
city,  which  resulted  in  a  short  time  in  his  appointment  to  the  office 
of  assistant  physician  in  Bellevue  Hospital.  He  had  been  in  this 
office  but  a  short  time  when  he  was  made  physician  in  chief  of  the 
New  York  City  Lunatic  Asylum  on  Blackwell's  Island,  which  posi- 
tion he  held  to  the  time  of  his  death,  being  a  period  of  over 
eighteen  years.  Dr.  Eanney  took  a  high  rank  in  his  profession  and 
received  many  honors  both  of  a  scientific  and  literary  character. 
He  was  a  member  of  the  Pathological  Society  and  a  Fellow  of  the 
New  York  Academy  of  Medicine.  His  important  and  honorable 
position  and  the  influence  he  exerted  among  others  of  the  same 
vocation  are  sufficient  evidence  of  his  professional  merit." 

He  was  connected  with  Calvary  Epis.  ch.  and  was  buried  from  it. 

Cjfij'tldv&Yh  * 
Julius  Harris,  b.  Dec.  7,  1837;  d.  Mar.  24,  1869. 
Harriet,  b.  Feb.  10,  1840 ;  d.  Oct.  1,  1841. 
Moses  Willard,  b.  Mar.  8,  1845;  d.  July  12,  1882. 

280  Sarah'  Holland  (Mary  Eanney%  DanieP,  Ephraim*, 
Thomas^  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  July  27,  1822,  Stockbridge,  Vt., 
m.  Dec.  1,  1841,  Stockbridge,  Vt. ;  Nathan  Davis,  b.  May  5,  1818. 
Stockbridge,  A' t. ;  d.  May  16,  1902,  Stockbridge,  Vt.  He  was  a 
farmer,  Eep.,  and  Meth.  She  died  Dec.  25,  1899,  Stockbridge,  Vt. 
His  pastor  wrote  as  follows :  "  For  nearly  four  years  the  aged 
father  had  made  his  home  with  the  elder  son,  where  the  most  loving 
care  had  been  bestowed  upon  him  by  the  son  and  the  son's  wife 
through  the  long  years  of  helplessness.  There  are  five  grandchil- 
dren and  three  great-grandchildren,  no  deaths  having  yet  occurred 
among  his  descendants. 

"  Mr.  Davis  was  interested  in  all  that  pertained  to  the  progress 
of  the  community,  including  its  religious  life,  in  which  he  was  a 
prominent  figure,  having  been  largely  instrumental  in  rebuilding 
tlie  Stony  Brook  church,  and  having  done  his  full  share  in  the 


biiilrling  of  the  Methodist  church  in  Gavsville.     For  a  very  long 
period  he  filled  the  responsible  office  of  recording  steward. 

'' '  He  was  one  of  our  best  men/  said  one  who  had  known  him 
50  years,  and  this  seems  to  be  the  general  verdict." 

Children  : 
Francis  N.,  b.  June  7,  1844.     Res.  Stockbridge,  Vt. 
Melvin  H.,  b.  Apr.  25,  1858. 

281  Lucy^  Holland  (sister  to  Sarah),  b.  July  3,  1825,  Stock- 
bridge,  Vt.';  m.  Oct.  22,  1844,  Stockbridge,  Vt.  Charles  Luther, 
b.  June  30,  1819,  Pittsford,  Vt. ;  d.  Dec.  31,  1890,  Wilmington, 
ni.     Eem.  1849  to  111.     The  widow  resides  in  Wilmington,  111. 

\j1i%IujT&ti  * 
.lames  Julius,  b.  July  7,  1846 ;  d.  May  22,  1886. 
Charles  Wesley,  b.  Dec.  9,  1848 ;  d.  Sept.  2,  1855. 
531     Frederick  Augustus,  b.  Mar.  28,   1855. 

282  Jonathan  3?  Holland  (brother  to  Sarah),  1).  Nov.  27,  1829. 
Woodstock,  Vt.;  m.  Oct.  20,  1853,  Stockbridge,  AbigaiP  Wilcox 
(Israel  Bronson^,  Amos  Bronson^  Israel®,  IsraeP,  Israel*,  Israel^ 
John-,  Johni),  b.  Sept.  17,  1833,  Stockbridge,  Vt. ;  d.  Sept.  15, 
1897,  Chicago,  111.  He  rem.  1855  to  Chicago,  where  he  was  on  the 
Police  force  for  14  years,  guarding  the  Prince  of  Wales,  now  King 
Edward  VII.,  when  there.  Foreman  of  Brink's  Chicago  Express 
Co.,  for  20  years.  On  his  wife's  death  he  rem.  to  New  Hartford, 
la.,  where  he  resides  with  his  only  daughter.     Mayor  in  1901. 

Mary  Adelaide,  b.  1856;    d.  1857. 

Alice,  b.  I860;  m.  Sept.  29,  1881,  Alfred  E.  Bou(iuin.     Res. 
New  Hartford,  la.     Child: 
Lulu  Holland,  b.   May  13,   1883  ;  instructor  in  music  at 
State  Normal  School,  Cedar  Falls,  la. 
282a     Fedelia"   Holland    (sister   to   Sarah),   1).   June   15.    1834, 
Stockbridge,  A^t. ;  d.  Jan.   1,   1875;  Chicago;  m.  Jan.  20,  1853, 
Washington  Perry  Brink,  b.  Oct.  22,  1830,  West  Rochester,  Vt. ; 
d.  July  23,  1874,"  Chicago.    Founder  of  Brink's  Express  Co. 

Arthur  P.,  b.  Nov.  11,  1855;  m.  Jan.  6,  1876,  Chicago,  Nina 
M.  Meader,  b.  June  11,  1857,  Plattsburg,  N.  Y.     Res. 
Chicago,  111.    Children: 


Cora  Fedelia,  b.  Oct.  24,  1876 ;  m.  June  1,  1904,  Wm.  S. 

Percival  Arthur,  b.  May  5,  1878;  m.  June  14,  1899,  Mary 
A.  Koehler.     Children: 
Marjorie,»b.  Nov.  7,  1901. 
Lawrence  K.,  b.  Sept.  18,  1903. 
Dorothy  Adelaide,  b.  Mar.  24,  1907. 
Lucy  Fedelia,  b.  Sept.  15,  1857;  m.  Jan.  6,  1876,  Martin 
'Cyrus   Meader,   b.   June   29,    1854;     d.    Nov.    5,    1899. 
Ch  ildrcn : 
Frank   Eobert,   b.   Nov.   10,   1878,   Chicago;    m.  June   5. 
1901.    Chicago,   Bknch    Mandel,   b.    Mar.   21,    1881. 
Virginia,  b.  Mar.  5,  1904. 
Edna  Mav,  b.  Feb.  24,  1882. 
Roy  Cyrus,  b.  Oct.  20,  1884. 

283  Esther  Jane^  Ranney  (JoeP,  DanieP,  Ephraim\  Thomas^ 
Thomas-.  Thomas^),  b.  July  28,  1829,  Stockbridge,  Vt. ;  d.  Mar. 
7,  1890;  m.  Mar.  27,  1855,  Metamora,  111.,  Alvan  Packard,  b.  Sept. 
19,  1821,  Millbury,  Mass.  Civil  Eng. ;  farmer;  orange  grov/er; 
res.  Riverside,  Cal. 

CyhtLQ/TBTl  * 

Honora  Rebecca,  b.  Mar.  17,  1856 ;  d.  Mar.  7,  1873. 
Charles  Alvan,  b.  Oct.  2,  1857 ;  d.  Oct.  21,  1857. 
Almira  Elizabeth,  b.  Nov.  21,  1859 ;  d.  Aug.  17,  1885. 
Luella  Martha,  b.  Sept.  20,  1861;  d.  Sept.  15,  1885;  m.  W. 

E.  Neighberger. 
Joel  Ranney,  b.  Sept.  22,  1863 ;  d.  Sept.  23,  1863. 
Joel  Alden,  b.  June  6.  1865  ;  m.  Dec.  25,  1895,  Riverside,  Cal., 
Carrie  Nicholson,  b.  Nov.  9,  1873,  Detroit,  Mich.,  dau. 
of  Richardson  Nicholson  and  Louise  Dumont.     Orange 
grower.      Res.    Riverside,    Cal.      Child: 
Jane  Louise,  b.  Sept.  29,  1906. 
Edith  Jane,  b.  July  27,  1867 ;  d.  Apr.  5,  1880. 
Edwin  May  Stanton,  b.  Nov.  22,  1869 ;  M.  Sept.  29,  1898; 
m.   July   7,   1892,   Mamie  Furman.     Widow  resides  at 
Highgrove,  Calif.     Children: 
Alvan  Furman,  b.  Sept.  3,  1893. 
Edwin  Stanton,  b.  Nov.  7,  1894. 
Theodore,  b.  Nov.  25,  1895. 

284  Joel  Alden"  Ranney  (sister  to  Esther  Jane),  b.  Oct.  18, 
1831,  Stockbridge,  Vt.;  m.  Sept.  4,  1856,  Metamora,  111.,  Frances 


L.  Everett,  dau.  of  Dea.  Willard  Everett  of  Francestown,  N.  H., 
who  rem.  1843,  to  Metamora.  Mr.  Eanney  was  a  boy  of  seven  when 
he  landed  in  the  new  West,  and  only  seventeen  and  the  only  son 
when  his  father  died.  Making  a  living  sixty  years  ago  in  a  new 
country  meant  hard  work  and  exposure.  Church,  temperance  and 
educational  interests  with  political  work  gave  him  plenty  to  do. 
He  has  been  Pres.  of  Co.  Fair  Assn.,  mem.  of  Co,  Supervisors,  pro- 
moter of  railroads,  and  now  at  the  age  of  seventy-six  is  township 
chairman  of  the  Eep.  Co.  Com.  Was  mem.  of  Leg.  1876  and  1878. 
A  "  pen  portrait "  of  that  time  said : 

"■  About  midway  down  the  aisle  on  the  Eepublican  side  of  the 
House  of  Eepresentatives  of  the  30th  General  Assembly  sits  the 
subject  of  this  '  Pen  Portrait '  the  Hon.  J.  A.  Eanney.  He  is  a 
mild  mannered,  pleasant,  affable  gentleman  of  medium  height, 
slender  build,  dark  hair  rapidly  turning  grey,  and  full  dark  whis- 
kers. He  is  a  good,  logical,  earnest,  sincere  speaker  and  com- 
mands the  attention  of  both  sides  of  the  house  when  he  takes  the 
floor.  He  is  very  industrious  and  attentive  to  his  legislative  duties. 
He  is  also  an  able,  dignified,  comprehensive  and  conscientious  legis- 
lator. He  is  the  father  of  one  of  the  most  important  bills  intro- 
duced this  session,  viz. :  concerning  frauds  in  Public  Improve- 
ments."   Eesidence,  Cazenovia,  111. 


532  Frances  Lilla,  b.  Oct.  23,  1859;  m.  Dr.  W.  A.  Mansfield. 

533  Mark  Joel,  b.  Feb.  23,  1867. 

534  Justin  Morse,  b.  June  29,  1876. 

Milo  Miles,  b.  May  12,  1882;  grad.  1903,  Brown's  Business 
Coll.,  Peoria,  1902 ;  Knox  Coll.,  Galesburg,  111. ;  mem- 
ber Cong,  church ;  member  M.  W.  of  A.  Ees.  Cazenovia, 

285  Evander  Willard'  Eanney  (Waitstill  Eandolph%  WaitstilP, 
Ephraim*,  Thomas^  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  Nov.  1,  1811,  West 
Townshend,  Vt.;  m.  (1)  Sept.  13,  1836,  Grafton,  Vt.,  Chastina 
Burwell,  b.  Sept.  8,  1811 ;  d.  Dec.  12,  1840,  Westport,  N.  Y. ;  m. 
(2)  June  21,  1842,  Keesville,  N.  Y.,  Lorraine  Hitchcock  Fisk,  b. 
1817;  d.  Feb.  5,  1856,  dau.  of  Hon.  Josiah  Fisk;  m.  (3)  Dec.  9, 
1857,  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.,  Ann  Curtis  Qua,  b.  Aug.  15,  1824;  m.  (4) 
Apr.  24,  1834,  N.  Y.  city,  Olivia  Scott,  b.  June  5,  1835.  He  was 
a  physician  in  N.  Y.  City,  and  died  there. 

Evander  Burwell,  b.  Oct.  7,  1838 ;  d.  June  4,  1839. 


Mary  Louisa  Qua,  b.  Jan.  13,  1849. 

Jane  Clark  Qiia,  b.  Jan.  6,  1853. 

Annie  Lorraine,  b.  Sept.  18,  1859 ;  d.  June  18,  1860. 

Addie  Marie,  b.  Nov.  16,  1860. 

286  Eev.  Darwin  Harlow^  Eanney  (brother  to  Evander  Wil- 
lard),  b.  Dec.  13,  1812,  Chester,  Vt.;  m.  Jan.  22,  1837,  Westport, 
N.  Y.,  Sybil  Hale  McKinney,  b.  Apr.  14,  1811,  Westport;  d.  July, 
1891,  Swampscott,  Mass.  The  Eev.  Mr.  Eanney  prepared  for  pulD- 
lication  the  "  Eeunion  of  1866 "  and  "  Beminiscences "  of  his 
father.  He  prepared  in  Chester  Academy  for  Middlebury  College, 
where  he  grad.  in  1835.  Teacher,  1835-1837,  in  Westport,  N".  Y., 
and  Ludlow,  Vt.  Pastor,  1837-1839,  baptist  ch.  Claremont,  N. 
H. ;  1844-49,  Dover,  N.  H.;  later  in  Wilmington,  Vt.,  Greenfield 
and  Bernardston,  Mass.  Eepresented  Brattleboro,  Vt.  in  the  Legis- 
lature two  years.    Died  Sept.  27,  1870,  Brattleboro,  Vt. 

Children  : 

535  Elizabeth  Sybil,  b.  Dec.  3,  1837 ;  m.  Dr.  J.  H.  Bichardson. 
Henry  Foster,  b.  Jan.  30,  1840;  m.  1872,  Louisa  Fairman. 

Grad.  Yale.     Lawyer,  d.  1873,  N.  Y.  city. 
Edward  Norris,  b.  July  3,  1841 ;  m.  1871,  Emma  Nave.    Dry 
goods  merchant,  d.  Apr.  30,   1895,  Boston.     Children: 
Abram  Nave,  b.  June,  1872. 

536  Darwin  Evander,  b.  Sept.  27,  1844. 

287  Stella  Laurenza'  Eanney  (sister  to  Evander  Willard),  b. 
July  4,  1814,  West  Townshend,  Vt.;  m.  Dec.  9,  1834,  Sharon 
Gray,  b.  Aug.  30,  1801,  farmer,  who  d.  May  10,  1882,  Townshend, 
Vt.     She  was  a  Baptist  and  d.  Apr.  3,  1878. 

Children  : 
Frances  Aurilla,  b.  Apr.  6,  1836. 
Charles  Sharon,  b.  May  28,  1839. 

537  Eliza  Jane,  b.  Aug.  20,  1842 ;  m.  John  Glover  Broughton. 
James,  b.  June  8,  1852 ;  unm.    Ees.  Morris  Plains,  N.  Jersey. 

288  Alfred  Atwood^  Eanney  (brother  to  Evander  Willard),  b. 
June  24,  1816,  Wardsboro,  Vt. ;  m.  Nov.  7,  1837,  Chittenden,  Vt., 
Nancy  Columbia  Manley,  b.  Apr.  22,  1816,  Chittenden,  Vt. ;  d. 
June,  1882,  Keene,  N.  H.,  dau.  of  Capt.  William  Manley.  He 
occupied   the   paternal   homestead   for   many   years,    relieving  his 


father  whose  attention  was  given  to  a  circuit  practice  of  medicine, 
while  his  ambition  was  to  follow  his  brother  to  college.  Eem.  1865, 
from  home  to  So.  Dover,  N.  Y.,  and  in  1875  to  N.  Y.  city  where  he 
held  an  important  position  in  the  city  government.  He  d.  Nov., 
1881,  while  visiting  a  daughter  in  Colorado. 

CJiildren  : 

538  Victoria  Jeannette,  b.  Nov.  26,  1839 ;  m.  Lyman  Bunnell. 

539  Stella  Eliza,  b.  May  8,  18-11 ;  m.  Eev.  J.  A.  Leach. 

540  Martha  Columbia,  b.  Sept.  13,  1842 ;  m.  Kussell  Fisk. 

541  Phebe  Atwood,  b.  June  14,  1845 ;  m.  Theo.  Buckingham. 

289  Henry  Davis''  Eanney  (brother  to  Evander  Willard)  b. 
Oct.  31,  1817,  West  Townshend,  Vt.;  m.  May  26,  1841,  Claremont, 
N.  H.,  Olive  Lucinda  Billings.    He  was  a  physician  in  N.  Y.  city. 

Children : 

George  Henry,  b.  Sept.  8,  1842 ;  d.  Sept.  20,  1842. 

John  \yaitstill,  b.  Nov.  26,  1850 ;  d.  May  5,  1854.  He  had 
an  imperfect  physical  development  but  an  acute  brain. 
He  had  a  great  passion  for  books.  The  alphabet  was 
learned  before  he  was  weaned  and  at  three  years  of  age 
he  could  repeat  twenty  pages  of  prose  and  poetry  after 
hearing  them  read  to  him.  His  last  words  were: 
"  Mama,  don't  cry." 

290  Lafayette'  Eanney  (brother  to  Evander  Willard),  b.  Aug. 
16,  1819,  West  Townshend,  Vt.;  m.  (1)  Feb.  26,  1846,  Shafts- 
bury,  Vt.,  Adaline  Eliza  Loomis,  b.  Nov.  28,  1823 ;  d.  Jan.  4,  186^ 
N.  Y.  city.;  m.  (2)  May  4,  1867,  N.  Y.  city,  Kate  Bradstreet. 
Dr.  Eanney  was  educated  at  Townshend  Academy  and  grad.  at 
Dartmouth  Coll.  He  taught  in  the  Chester  Academy,  began  his 
medical  practice  in  Hardwick,  Mass.  Eem.  1849,  to  N.  Y.  city, 
where  for  sixteen  years  he  was  Surgeon-in-Chief  of  Police  Force, 
and  a  prominent  member  of  the  Bd.  of  Edu. ;  F.  &  A.  M. ;  Eepubli- 
can ;  Dea.  of  "  Tabernacle  "  Cong.  ch.  Very  eminent  in  his  pro- 
fession.   He  d.  Feb.  15,  1883. 

Children  by  1st  marriage: 
Julia  Eliza,  b.  Aug.  20,  1847;  d.  Jan.  15,  1850. 

542  Ambrose  Loomis,  b.  Jan.  10,  1849. 

Frederick  Alfred,  b.  Mar.  23,  1853 ;  d.  July  1,  1855. 
Charles  Henry,  b.  Jan.  15,  1856;  d.  Jan.  6,  1896.    Merchant 

in  Philadelphia. 
Walter  Lafayette,  b.  Sept.  9,  1859;  d.  unm.  Aug.  17,  1888. 


Child  hy  2d  marriage: 
Francis  Perego,  b.  May  2,  1868;  m.   (1)  Natalie  Henning; 
m.  (2)  Mary  Clark.    Ees.  N.  Y.  City. 

291  Ambrose  Arnold'  Ranney  (brother  to  Evander  Willard), 
b.  Apr.  16,  1821,  West  Townshend,  Vt;  m.  Dec.  4,  1850,  Ca- 
vendish, Vt.,  Maria  Dorothy  Fletcher,  b.  Apr.  12,  1823,  Cavendish. 
Vt.;  d.  Sept.  26,  1892;  dau.  of  Addison  Fletcher  and  Maria 
Ingalls.  He  was  a  Unitarian.  His  death  occurred  in  Boston, 
Mar.  5,  1899.  His  Arnold  name  was  from  Seth  Arnold,  the  Rev. 
patriot  of  Haddam,  Ct.,  who  m.  Esther^  Ranney,  sister  to  his 
grandfather,  WaitstilP  Ranney. 

Ambrose  Arnold  Ranney  remained  on  the  farm  till  he  had 
prepared  at  the  Townshend  Academy  when  he  entered,  1840,  Dart- 
mouth Coll.,  from  which  he  grad.,  1844,  with  high  honors.  Be- 
came principal  of  the  Chester  Academy.  In  1846  entered  the 
law  office  of  Hon.  Andrew  Tracy  of  Woodstock,  Vt. ;  adm.  1847, 
to  the  bar.;  rem.  1848,  to  Boston;  taught  a  while  in  the  Brim- 
mer School  and  then  opened  a  law  office.  In  18^  he  became 
associated  with  Nathan  Morse.  In  1855-56  was  city  solicitor; 
elected,  1857,  by  the  Whigs  to  the  legislature,  and  1863  and  1864 
by  the  Republicans.  In  1880  he  was  elected  to  Congress,  and 
served  in  the  47th,  48th,  and  49th  Congresses.  For  two  terms 
he  was  a  member  of  the  Committee  on  Elections,  which  investi- 
gated frauds  in  elections,  and  here  he  rendered  valuable  service 
in  the  interest  of  fair  elections  and  the  integrity  of  the  ballot 
box,  dealing,  as  was  his  wont  at  the  bar,  heavy  blows  in  condemna- 
"ion  of  dishonorable  practices.  In  the  49th  Congress  he  served 
on  the  Judiciary  Committee,  which  investigated  the  Pan-Electric 
scheme,  involving  the  reputation  of  high  public  officials.  His 
absorbing  aim,  however,  was  in  the  profession  of  the  law,  in  which 
he  had  achieved  eminence  before  going  to  Congress.  He  had  the 
respect  of  both  parties,  and  impressed  the  public  generally  by 
his  manly  bearing,  his  fidelity  to  duty,  and  his  ability  as  a  lawyer 
and  legislator. 

Children : 
Maria  Fletcher,  b.  Sept.  8,  1853 ;    unm. ;    res.  72  Bay  State 

Road,  Boston. 
Helen  Mary,  b.  June  28,  1855;    unm.;    res.  72  Bay  State 
Road,  Boston.  Mass. 
543     Fletcher,  b.  Sept.  2,  1860. 

Alice,   b.   Sept.   30,   1862;     m.   Thomas   Allen,   artist;     res. 

12   Commonwealth  Ave.,  Boston. 
Ada,  b.  Apr.   10,  1866;  d.  May  14,   1866. 



292  Stephen  Eleazar^  Eanney  (brother  to  Evander  Willard), 
b.  Sept.  17,  1822,  West  Townshend,  Vt;  m.  (1)  Aug.  26,  1846. 
Grafton,  Vt.,  Mary  Dean,  b.  June  12,  1824,  Grafton;  d.  Nov.  1, 
1856,  No.  Bennington,  Vt;  dau.  of  Peter  Worden  Dean  and 
Philenda  Willey;  m.  (2)  Apr.  16,  1858,  No.  Bennington.  A^t., 
Susan  Watson,  b.  July  25,  1829;  d.  Sept.  29,  1903;  dau.  of  Wil- 
liam J.  Watson  and  Selina  Slye.  He  was  a  physician,  practicing 
in  Grafton  and  Hartford,  Vt.,  and  after  1852  at  No.  Bennington, 
where  he  d.  Mar.  1,  1899.  He  was  a  Eep.,  Unitarian,  and  for 
years  Town  Supt.  of  Schools. 

Children  hy  1st  jnarriage: 
Mary  Prances,  b.  Sept.  1,  1849 ;   unm.,  res.  N.  Y.  City. 
544     Frederick  Dean^  b.  May  1,  1856. 

Children  hy  2d  marriage: 
William  Watson,  b.  June  30,  1864;    grad.  Williams  Coll.: 
m.   Oct.   7,    1903,   Helen   Lenox   Street.     Is  pastor  of 
Park  Congregational  Ch.,  Hartford,  Conn. 

293  James  WaitstilF  Eanney  (brother  to  Evander  Willard). 
b.  Sept.  23,  1824,  West  Townshend,  Vt. ;  m.  (1)  May  21.  1849. 
Keene,  N.  H.,  Deborah  Deane  Gerauld,  b.  Apr.  5,'  1824;  d. 
N.  Y.  City;  dau.  of  Samuel  Allen  Gerauld  (b.  July  27,  1793;  d. 
Sept.  21,  1887;  son  of  Theodore  Gerauld)  and  Deborah  Deane 
(b.  Dedham,  Mass.;  d.  Jan.  15,  1865);  m.  (2)  Aug.  31,  1857. 
N.  Y.  City,  Helen  Elizabeth  Hunter,  b.  June  6,  1836,  White  Eiver 
Junction,  Vt.,  dau.  of  Dr.  Galen  Hunter  (b.  Jan.  1,  1800,  West- 
more,  Vt.;  d.  Aug.  6,  1872,  N.  Y.  City)  and  Elizabeth  Eosalind 
Willard  (b.  Apr.  28,  1807,  Charlestown,"  N.  H.;  d.  May  27,  1852. 
N.  Y.  Citv).  Dr.  Galen  Hunter  was  the  son  of  Jabesh  Hunter 
(b.  June  24,  1769;  d.  Oct.  7,  1848)  and  Mary*  Savage  (b.  July 
27,  1774,  Hartford,  Vt. ;  d.  Mar.  2,  1862,  Vt;  dau.  of  Thomas'* 
Savage  (b.  Dec.  15,  1714,  Upper  Houses;  rem.  1749,  to  Bethle- 
hem, Conn.,  and  1768  to  Hartford,  Vt.,  where  he  served  in  the 
Eev.  War  and  was  pensioned)  and  Martha  Whitmore,  b.  June  11, 
1719,  dau.  of  Joseph  and  Mary  [Warner]  Whitmore  of  Middle- 
town,  Conn.  Thomas^  Savage  was  the  son  of  John-  Savage  and 
Mary^  Eanney. 

Dr.  James  Waitstill  Eanney  taught  school  in  Townshend,  when 
fifteenth  years  of  age,  and  "  hired  out  "  in  the  summer  to  work 
on  a  farm.  At  twenty-two  he  entered  Middlebury  College,  and 
by  hard  work  and  his  own  efforts  he  remained  to  graduate.  He 
took  a  course  in  medicine  at  the  New  York  Uni.  of  Medicine,  com- 


menced  to  practice  in  ISTo.  Bennington,  Vt.,  but  soon  rem.  to 
jSTew  York  City.  Within  a  year  he  was  elected  to  the  Common 
Council.  In  three  years  his  practice  was  so  great  he  was  com- 
pelled to  withdraw  from  political  life.  He  soon  called  in  the 
aid  of  a  brother  from  Vermont  and  later  set  him  up  in  a  separate 
practice.  Two  other  brothers  followed  in  succession  and  in  turn 
were  set  up  in  separate  practice.  In  1860  he  was  elected  coroner, 
and  held  the  position  for  three  years.  For  over  twenty  years  he 
was  connected  with  twelve  leading  railroads  as  surgeon  and  at- 
tending physician,  and  for  some  years  family  physician  to  the 
late  Commodore  Vanderbilt  and  Kussell  Sage.  He  made  lunacy 
a  specialty,  and  often  acted  as  commissioner  in  lunacy.  He  was 
a  regular  attendant  of  the  Congregational  Church.  He  d.  Feb. 
28,  1889.    The  widow  res.  in  N.  Y.  City. 

Child  &?/  1st  marriage: 
Emma  Gerauld,  b.  May  3,  1850;  m.  June  15,  1870,  Elisha 
Flagg  Clark,  who  d.   Oct.  26,  1881;  she  res.  Tenafly, 
N.  J.     Children: 
Watson  Gerould,  b.   Sept.   1,   1871;    m.   June  18,   1902, 
Mabel  Marion  Palmer.     Children: 
Watson  Gerould,  b.  Jan.  12,  1904. 
Henry  Bogert  Palmer,  b.  Dec.  8,  1905. 
Margaret  Elizabeth,  b.  Mar.  17,  1873. 
Elsie  Blanche,  b.  Aug.  19.  1874. 
Mary  Emma,  b.  Aug.  26,  1876;    d.  Apr.  2,  1903. 
Ada  Eannev,  b.  Oct.  29,  1879. 
Elizah  Flagg,  b.  Apr.  5,  1882. 

Children  by  2d  marriage: 
Henrietta  Hunter,  b.  Feb.  4,  1860;    unm. 
545     Nellie  Kate,  b.  July  6,  1866;    m.  Dec.  29,  1892,  Eichard 
Henry  Eeed;    res.  N".  Y.  City. 
Mary  Augusta,  b.  Sept.  22.  1870;    d.  Aug.  20,  1871. 

294  Helen  Louisa'^  Eanney  (sister  to  Evander  Willard),  b. 
Feb.  10,  1824,  West  Townshend,  Vt.;  m.  Feb.  23,  1848,  West 
Townshend,  Vt.,  Norman  Bottum,  b.  Oct.  5,  1822,  Shaftsbury, 
Vt.,  son  of  Nathan  Huntington  Bottum  and  Peace  Huntington. 
His  residence  was  on  his  father's  farm.  Deacon  Bapt.  Ch.,  Church 
Clerk,  Bank  Director,  Eep.  In  twenty-two  years  he  was  absent 
but  eight  Sundays  from  the  S.  S.  of  which  he  was  Supt.,  and  from 
the  choir.     He  made  it  a  rule  in  all  correspondence  to  refer  to  the 


welfare  of  the  soul  of  his  correspondent.     She  mem.  Cong.  Ch.,  d. 
April  1,  1879;   he  d.  July  8,  1870. 


546  Henry  Merle,  b.  Jan.  18,  1849. 

Stella  Eliza,  b.  July  4,  1853;    d.  Sept.  15.  1854. 

547  Fannie  Lorraine,  b.  Sept.  22,  1855. 

Nellie  Agnes,  b.  June  6,  1859 ;    d.  June  6,  1860. 

Anna  Bertha,  b.  Mar.   23,   1866;    unm.;  teacher,  Chicago. 

295  Frances  Sophia^  Eanney  (sister  to  Evander  Willard),  b. 
Jan.  25,  1828,  West  Townshend,  Vt.;  m.  Dec.  19,  1855,  New 
York  City,  Nathan  Bottum,  b.  Mar.  6,  1827,  Shaftsbury,  Vt.; 
d.  Feb.  26,  1889,  Shaftsbury,  Vt.;  son  of  Nathan  Huntington 
Buttum  and  Peace  Huntington;  farmer.  Town  Treasurer,  and 
held  other  offices  of  trust.     She  d.  1871. 

Alfred  Henry,  b.  Jan.  11.  1857;   d.  Jan.  3,  1864. 

548  George  Henry,  b.  Jan.  15,  1861. 

296  Martin  Luther"  Eanney  (brother  to  Evander  Willard),  b. 
Jan.  20,  1830,  West  Townshend,  Vt.;  m.  Apr.  29,  1857,  ^N.  Y. 
City,  Margaret  E.  Luckey,  b.  Sept.  26,  1836;  physician 'in  N. 
Y.  City;  d.  there. 

Children : 
Frederick  Merrill,  b.  May  2,  1859;   physician  in  N.  Y.  City. 

549  Maud  Hepwortli.  b.  Feb".  24,  1876;.  m.  Carl  L.  Becker. 

297  Mary  Angeline'  Eanney  (sister  to  Evander  Willard),  b. 
Aug.  20,  1832,  West  Townshend,  Vt.;  m.  July  7,  1869,  J.  K. 

Children : 

May,  b.  May  4,  1870;    d.  . 

Stewart  Eandolph,  b.  Nov.  27,  1874;    d. . 

298  Ambrose^  Arnold  (Ambrose  Tyler®,  Esther^  Eanney, 
Ephraim*,  Thomas^  Thomas-,  Thomas'^),  b.  June  19.  1815,  West- 
minster, Vt. ;  m.  July  1,  1850,  Westminster,  Catherine  A.  Cone, 
b.  May  24,  1830,  Westminster:  d.  May  26,  1901,  Westminster, 
Vt. ;  dau.  of  James  Cone  and  Catherine  Cuyler;  employed  in 
railroading,  Eep.,  Epis.,  F.  &  A.  M.,  I.  0.  0.  F. ;  d.  Apr.  4.  1885. 
Westminster,  Vt. 


Children : 
Elizabeth  P.,  b.  Mar.  23,  1852;    unm. 
Gertrude,  b.  May  11,  1857 ;   d.  Jan.  7,  1879. 

Harry  A.,  b.  Dec.  11, ;  res.  Audubon,  Iowa. 

Arthur  F.,  b.  Apr.  21,  1863;    res.  Westminster,  Vt. 
Herbert  E.,  b.  Aug.  21,  1865;    res.  Somerville,  Mass. 

299  Fenelon^  Arnold  (brother  to  Ambrose),,  b.  Jan.  25. 
1817,  Westminster,  Vt. ;  m.  (1)  Nov.  4,  1840,  Amanda  Eich- 
ards,  b.  Aug.  7,  1822,  Westminster;  d.  Dec.  24,  1867;  dau.  of 
Luther  A.  Eichards  and  Polly  Page;  m.  (2)  Mar.  1.  1872,  Wal- 
pole,  N".  H.,  Emily  Augusta  Marsh,  b.  Feb.  25,  1837,  Walpole. 
dau.  of  Edmund  Adams  Marsh  and  Isabella  Hosmer.  He  d. 
Dee.  4,  1901.    Widow  res.  Walpole,  N.  H. 

Children  hy  1st  marriage: 
Charles  Ferris,  b.  July  28,  1853. 
George  Eichards,  b.  Sept.  26,  1857;    d.  Aug.  6,  1878. 

Child  hy  2d  marriage: 
Seth  Fenelon,  b.  Dec.  21,  1878;    student  at  Tufts  College. 
Medford,  Mass. 

300  Ealph  Parker^  Eanney  (James%  Janna^  Ephraim*, 
Thomas^  Thomas%  Thomas^),  b.  Mar.  7,  1812,  Westminster, 
Vt.;  m.  Mar.  4,  1834,  Delaware,  0.,  Harriet  Storm,  b.  June  26, 
1814,  Delaware,  who  d.  1902,  Episcopal.  He  with  his  two  brothers 
crossed  the  plains  to  California,  and  d.  May  9,  1872,  Washington, 
D.  C. 

George  Lewis,  b.  Sept.  6,  1840;    d.  Jan.  12,  1843. 

301  Lewis  H.''  Eanney  (brother  to  Ealph  Parker),  b.  Oct.  18, 
1817,  Springfield,  Vt. ;  m.  Sept.  9,  1848,  Elizabeth  Burden,  b. 
May  25,  1827,  Devonshire,  Eng.,  dau.  of  John  Burden  and  Jane 
Sessford;  ret.  from  Cal.,  became  Clerk  in  U.  S.  Bureau  of  Sta- 
tistics;   d.  Sept.  1,  1899,  Washington,  D.  C. 

Mary,  b.  Dec.  11,  1851;    d.  July  26,  1858. 
Emma,  b.  Jan.  8,  1855 ;   unm. ;   res.  Washington,  D.  C. 
Caroline,  b.  July  4,  1857;    unm.;    res.  Washington,  D.  C. 

302  Isaac^  Eanney  (brother  to  Ealph  Parker),  b.  Feb.  21, 
1820,  Manchester,  Vt.;    m.  Nov.   12,  1845,  Delaware,  0.,  Sarah 


Eleanor  Smith,  b.  Oct.  13,  1824.  Delaware,  0.;  d.  June  25,  1903, 
Gaithersburg,  Md.;  dau.  of  Solomon  Smith  and  Sarah  Eleanor 
Root  of  Pittsfield,  Mass.  Solomon  Smith,  a  noted  civil  engineer, 
laid  out  the  town  of  Delaware,  0.  Sarah  Eleanor  Root  was  the 
dau.  of  Colonel  Azariah  Root,  an  officer  in  the  Rev.  War,  and  a 
descendant  of  John  Root,  a  settler  of  Farmington,  Conn. 

Isaac  Ranney,  Republican,  lawyer,  Circuit  Judge  1858-1862, 
removed,  in  1873,  to  Gaithersburg,  Md.,  where  he  died  Oct.  8, 
1876;  buried  in  Delaware,  Ohio.  The  widow  resided  with  her 
daughter,  Mrs.  Munro,  and  d.  June  25,  1903.  She  was  a  mem. 
Epis.  Ch. ;  burial,  Delaware,  0.  Judge  Ranney  was  a  cultured 
gentleman,  honorable  and  upright,  respected  by  all,  of  a  sweet 
nature,  and  courtly  manners. 

Children : 

550  Sarah  Frances,  b.  Sept.  28,  1846;  m.  Charles  L.  Lybrand. 
Eleanor  Mary,  b.  Oct.  1,  1848;   d.  Oct.  11,  1863. 

551  Grace,  b.  Sept.  21,  1854;    m.  John  B.  Diamond. 

552  Elizabeth  Burden,  b.  June  19,  1856;  m.  David  M.  :\Iunro. 
Myra  Chase,  b.  Jan.  2,  1859 ;    d.  1860. 

Harry  Willard,  b.  Jan.  28,  1862;    d.  June  23,  1864. 

553  Katherine  Rebecca,  b.  Dec.  14,  1865;    m.  James  B.  Adams. 

302a  John  Jay^  Hart  (Delia*'  Willis,  SybiP  Ranney,  Willett^ 
Willett^  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  Mar.  13,  1831,  Adams,  N.  Y. ;  d.. 
Nov.  24,  1896;  m.  Jan.  20,  1859,  Oswego,  N.  Y.,  Mary  Elizabeth 
Gridley,  b.  Jan.  1,  1814,  Albany,  N.  Y.,  dau.  of  Timothy  Henry 
Gridley  of  Dutchess  Co.  N.  Y.  and  Elizabeth  Utley,  of  Swan, 
^Vliner  and  Denison  families  of  Conn.  Rep.,  Cong.,  for  many  years 
he  conducted  the  leading  dry  goods  business  in  Oswego,  to  which 
place  he  had  removed  in  1850.     Widow  res.  in  Oswego,  N.  Y. 

Children  : 
George  Dwight,  b.  Dec.   24,   1859;  m.  Dec.   3,   1885,  Julia 
Penfield,  b.  Aug.,  1862,  Oswego,  N.  Y.,  dau.  of  Edwin 
P.  Penfield  and  Elizabeth  Hovey.     Insurance,  I.  0.  0.  F. 
Res.  Detroit,  Mich.     Children: 
Ethel  Penfield,  b.  Aug.  8,  1886. 
Josephine  Howe,  b.  Oct.  18,  1888. 
James  Munroe,  b.  Sept.  18,  1862 ;  m.  Oct.  20„  1886,  Sophia 
Shepard  Ould,  b.  Jan.,  1863,  d.  June  29,  1905,  dau.  of 
John  Ould  of  Oswego  and   Susan  Shepard  of  Oneida, 
N.  Y.     (See  the  Shepard  Family.)     Rep.,  ice  business. 
Re«.  Oswecro,  N.  Y.    Children: 


John  Jay,  b.  July  25,  1887. 

James  Shepard,  b.  June  15,  1888. 

Susan  Clarene,  b.  Feb.  10,  1891. 
Frederick  Massey,  b.  May  4,  1866;  m.  June  7,  1893,  Anna 
Lyman,  b.  June,  1867,  Pulaski,  N.  Y.,  dau.  of  Henry 
H.  Lyman  and  Emily  Vorce  Bennett.     Eep.,  F.  A.  M. 
Ees.  Oswego,  N.  Y.     Child: 

Henry  Hart,  b.  July  1,  1897. 
Mary,  b.  Sept.  12,  1869;  m.  June  11,  1890,  Smith  Matt 
Bostick,  b.  Nov.  21,  1863,  Eobertville,  Hampton  Co., 
S.  C,  dau.  of  Eichard  Fuller  Bostick,  now  of  Hamilton, 
N".  Y.,  and  Maria  Ballinger  Mott.  Ees.  Oswego,  N.  Y. 
Children  : 

Miner  Hart,  b.  July  29,  1891. 

Eichard  Jay,  b.  Feb.  9,  1895. 

303  Willett  Eannev^  Willis  (Willett  Eanney"  Willis,  Sybil"^ 
Eanney,  Willett*,  Wiliett^  Thomas%  Thomas^),  b.  Sept.  15,  1839. 
Adams,  N.  Y.;  d.  Mar.  3,  1902,  Pueblo,  Colo;  m.  Apr.  7.  1863, 
Adams,  N.  Y.,  Frances  Maria  Grimes,  b.  June  12,  1839,  Buffalo, 
N.  Y.,  dau.  of  James  Stanley  Grimes  and  Frances  Warner  of 
Springfield,  Mass.  He  was  a  woolen  mfr.,  Brownsville,  IS".  Y., 
until  1872,  then  in  cattle  business  in  Colorado;  Com'r  of  Huer- 
ford  Co.,  Colo.,  1898-1900;  Eep.  The  widow  is  mem.  of  D.  A.  E.. 
as  a  descendant  of  Amaziah  Sanderson;  Episcopal;  res.  Pueblo, 

Children : 

554  Edward  Jarvis,  b.  Oct.  28,  1866. 

555  Frank  Grimes,  b.  Nov.  13,  1867. 

Stanley  John,   b.    Sept.    11,   1869;    unm. ;     Surveyor;     res. 
Wonder,  Nevada. 

556  Kate  Elizabeth,  b.  Dec.  5,  1870;    m.  H.  E.  Hills. 
Eosa  Belle,  b.  Oct.  16,  1872;    unm. 

Anna  Flora,  b.  Jan.  9,  1874;    unm. 
Mary  Frances,  b.  Nov.  27,  1864;    d.  Aug.  15,  1866. 
Willett   Eanney,   b.    Nov.    9,    1881;     grad.    1906,    Colorado 
College;  unm,;  res.  Colorado  Springs,  Colo. 

304  Willett  Phineas^  Eanney  (John®,  Willett^  Willett*.  Wil- 
lett^  Thomas^  Thomas^),  b.  Sept.  1,  1830,  Pierropont  Manor, 
N.  Y. ;  m.  Jan.  25,  1860,  Cleveland,  0.,  Margaret  Tiebout,  b.  Mar. 
21,  1838,  dau.  of  George  Tiebout  and  Martha  Wilson.  He  d. 
Feb.  11,  1890,  she  Dec.  3,  1904,  interments  in  Eiverside  Cemetery, 


Leaving  home  at  eighteen  years  of  age,  he  was  employed  for 
a  while  by  his  Uncle  Orville  in  Buffalo.  He  then  went  to  the 
lumbering  camps  in  Green  Bay.  Wis.,  region,  and  established  a 
trading  store  on  Washington  Island,  furnishing  fishermen  with 
supplies,  and  taking  in  exchange  their  catches  of  fish,  which  he 
shipped  to  various  points.  On  his  marriage  he  settled  in  Cleve- 
land, 0.,  and  established  himself  in  the  wholesale  salt-fish  business. 
His  sons  now  conduct  it  under  the  firm  name  of  The  Kannev 
Fish  Co. 

Mrs.  Eanney  was  a  descendant  through  the  Tiebout,  Calyer, 
Meserole  and  Praa  families,  of  Captain  Peter  Praa,  who  came  to 
this  country  with  his  parents  in  1655,  and  was  one  of  the  early 
Dutch  settlers  of  Greenpoint,  Long  Island.  Her  father  was  George 
Tiebout,  b.  Feb.  11,  1799,  Greenpoint.  N.  Y.;  d.  Nov.  14,  1864, 
Cleveland,  0.;  son  of  Margaretta  Colyer,  who  was  the  grand- 
daughter of  Jacobus  Colyer. 

The  following  appeared  in  the  Brooklyn  Daily  Times  of  Oct. 
•30,  1879: 

"  The  land  at  Greenpoint,  N.  Y.,  was  originally  granted  to 
Dirk  (or  Dierk)  Volkertsen.  It  was  a  Aground  brief,  dated  Apr. 
3,  1645,'  under  which  he  appears  to  have  taken  possession  of  nearly 
the  whole  peninsula  lying  on  the  East  Eiver,  between  Mespat 
Kill  (Newtown  Creek)  and  Norman  Kill  (Bushwick  Creek).  In 
1653  he  conveyed  the  northerly  portion  of  Green  Point  to  Jacob 
Hay  (or  Hays),  who  died  soon  after,  leaving  his  widow,  Christina 
Cappoens,  and  one  child,  Maria  Hay.  Maria  Hay's  first  husband 
was  Jost  Adrience  Molenair  (or  Miller),  after  whose  death  she 
married  Captain  Peter  Praa,  a  native  of  Leyden,  who  had  come 
in  1655   to  this  country  in  his  childhood  with  his  parents. 

"  Although  born  in  Holland,  his  father  was  a  Huguenot  from 
France,  who  had  taken  refuge  in  Leyden.  Peter  Praa  was  a  man 
of  great  enterprise  and  public  spirit,  commander  of  the  Bushwick 
Militia,  and  otherwise  prominent  in  the  councils  of  the  town. 
He  and  his  wife,  Maria  Hay.  by  will  of  her  mother,  Christina 
Cappoens,  and  by  purchase  of  the  sons  of  Dirk  Volkertsen,  appear 
to  have  acquired  title  to  nearly  all  the  land  at  Green  Point,  and 
their  lineal  descendants  continued  to  be  the  principal,  if  not  the 
sole,  occupants  of  the  territory  for  nearly  pne  hundred  years 

"  Peter  Praa  and  wife  had  no  sons,  so  that  the  name  of  Praa 
became  extinct,  but  of  their  four  daughters  Elizabeth  married 
Jan  Meserole,  and  to  them  were  born  two  sons,  Abraham  and 
Jacob,  and  a  daughter  Janita,  who  married  Jacobus  Colyer.  At 
the  time  of  the  Eevolutionary  War  they  lived  in  a  house  near  the 


mouth  of  Bushwiek  Creek,  built  by  Dirk  Volkertsen,  the  Norman. 
This  Jacobus  Colyer  was  the  great-grandfather  of  John  and  Peter 
Colyer,  lately  deceased,  who  for  so  many  years  resided  in  Colyer 
Street,  also  the  great-great-grandfather  of  Cornelius  H.  Tiebout, 
the  oldest  lineal  descendant  of  Jacobus  Colyer,  now  living  at 

Mrs.  Eanney's  mother,  b.  Nov.  18,  1809;  d.  Mar.  21,  1882, 
Cleveland,  0.,  was  eldest  daughter  of  John  Wilson,  who  had 
removed  to  Cleveland  about  1830  from  Sacketts  Harbor,  N.  Y., 
and  Ann  Aram,  b.  1786,  England;  d.  Jan.  30,  1831,  Oswego, 
N.  Y.  She  was  the  daughter  of  Joseph  Aram,  late  of  Green 
Hammerton,  England  (b.  1740;  d.  Jan.  21,  1803;  interred  in 
Parish  Churchyard,  Whixley,  York,  Yorkshire,  England)  and 
Margaret  Aram  (b.  1738,  England;  d.  June  6,  1821,  aged 
83;  interred  in  the  Log  Meeting  House  Yard,  English  Settle- 
ment, No.  9,  Ontario  County,  New  York;  she  left  Hull,  Eng- 
land, June  6,  1806,  on  the  Indian  Chief,  and,  after  a  passage  of 
sixty-two  days,  reached  New  York  on  Aug.  7,  1806). 

Lynn  Anderson,  b.  Mar.  12,  1861;  m.  Jan.  4,  1888,  Cleve- 
land,  Caroline  May  Brewer,  b.  Jan..  1868,  Cleveland, 
0.,  dau.  of  Nelson  Charles  Brewer  and  Caroline  Cor- 
nelia Benedict.     Children: 
Willett  Brewer,  b.  Nov.  12,  1891. 
Lynn  Anderson,  b.  Jan.  9,  1893. 
Percival  Kent,  b.  Apr.  11,  1894. 
Margaret  Jeanette,  b.  Dec.  24,  1897. 
Philip  Tiebout,  b.  Mar.  27,  1863 ;    d.  Feb.  26,  1883. 
Willett  George,  b.  Sept.  14,  1867;  unm. ;  grad.  1890,  Rens- 
selaer   Polytechnic    Inst.,    Troy,    N.    Y.;    engaged    in 
stock  raising  in  Custer  Co.,  Neb.     Res.   Cleveland,  0. 
Cornelius  John,  b.  Aug.  15,  1869  ;  unm.     Res.  Cleveland,  0. 
Robert  Bristol,  b.  Sept.  13,  1871;    m.  Jan.  4,  1899,  Cleve- 
land,   0.,    Florence    Eva   Jenkins,   b.    June   27,    1874, 
Cleveland,    0.,   dau.    of   Nathan    Sturgis   Jenkins   and 
Eva  Davis.    Res.  Cleveland,  0.     Children: 
Judith,  b^.Apr.  18,  1900. 
Philip  Tiebout,  b.  Nov.  8,  1901. 
Keith  Irwin,  b.  Apr.  21,  1880 ;  unm.     Res.  Cleveland,  0. 

305  Daniel  Bristol'  Ranney  (brother  to  Willett  Phineas),  b. 
Jan.  28,  1834,  Smithville,  N.  Y.;  m.  Nov.  2,  1865,  Cley^land, 
0.,  Jane  Ranney,  b.   Aug.   25,   1842,  Exeter,   England,   dau.   of 


Henry  Sargent  Eannev  and  Jane  Collinsfs.  He  was  a  farmer, 
1st  Lieut.  Co.  L,  10th  Keg.,  N.  Y.  H.  A.,  Aug.  7,  1862— June  23, 
1865;    Rep.,,  New  Church;    he  d.  June,  1896,  Lowell,  Mich. 


557  Theodora,  b.  Sept.  12,  1866;   m.  Henry  H.  Lake. 

Daisy  Gertrude,  b.  Oct.  18,  1868;    teacher,  Trinidad,  Colo. 

558  Helen  Mabel,  b.  Oct.  16,  1870;    m.  Bert  E.  Quick. 

Mary  Mildred,  b.  Sept.  15,  1873;  m.  Dec.  3,  1902,  Toronto, 
Ontario,  Wayne  Hudson  Hadcock,  b.  Dec.  13,  1868,  Co- 
penhagen, N.  Y. ;  bookkeeper.     Ees.  Watertown,  N.  Y. 

Stella,  b.  Sept.  30,  1875 ;    teacher,  Denver,  Col. 

Henry  De  Albert,  b.  May  25,  1878;  m.  Sept.  30,  1903, 
Mabel  Westfall;    res.  Nome,  Alaska. 

306  Martha  Cornelia''  Eannev  (sister  to  Willett  Phineas),  b. 
May  2,  1845,  Smithville,  N.  Y.;  m.  Dec.  8,  1873.  N.  Y.  City, 
James  Garrison  Cooper,  b.  Oct.  1,  1823;  d.  Jan.  19,  1903,  Bay- 
onne,  N.  J.,  on  editorial  staff  of  New  York  Tribune  for  many 
years.     Widow  res.  Great  Kills,  Staten  Island,  N.  Y. 

Grace  Eanney,  b.  Oct.  19,  1874;  m.  Oct.  12,  1895.  Louis 
Kossuth  Euttkay,  b.  Mar.  16,  1875,  New  Orleans,  La., 
son  of  Albert  Euttkay  and  Laura  Wiley,  and  grandson 
of  Madame  Euttkay,  late  of  Buda  Pesth,  Hungary, 
sister  to  Louis  Kossuth,  the  Hungarian  Patriot;  res. 
Great  Kills,  Staten  Island.     Children: 

Louis  Kossuth,  b.  May  18.  1897. 

Dorothy  Constance,  b.  Oct.  13,  1898. 

Laura  Wiley,  b.  July  9,  1900. 

307  Ellen^  Drake  (Sophronia«  Eannev,  Willett',  Willett*,  Wil- 
lett^  Thomas^,  Thomas^),  b.  Dec.  1,  1832,  Eedfield,  N.  Y.;  m. 
Nov,  19,  1857,  Beaver,  Mich.,  George  Traut  Knowles,  b.  Nov. 
19,  1834,  Chittenango,  N.  Y.;  merchant,  Eep..  F.  &  A  M.;  res. 
Beaver,  Minn. 

Jennie,  b.  Oct.  31,  1859,  Beaver,  Minn.;    m.  May  6,  1880, 
William  Henry  Green,  b.  Sept.  29,  1857,  Marston,  Wis. ; 
farmer,  Eep.,  M.  W.  of  A.;    res.  Beaver,  Minn.     Chil- 
dren : 
Ellen  May,  b.  Mar.  28,  1881;    d.  May  24,  1889. 
Herbert  Knowles,  b.  June  16,  1883. 


Chester  William,  b.  Nov.  6,  1887 ;  d.  May  22,  1889. 
Jeannette  Eanney,  b.  Oct.  22,  1891. 
George  Hurther,  b.  Apr.  11,  1893. 
Fred  Jay,  b.  Aug.  21,  1896. 

308  Jeannette'  Drake  (sister  to  Ellen),  b.  Aug.  8,  1836,  Red- 
field,  N.  Y. ;  m.  Sept.  26,  1858,  Beaver,  Minn.,  Jay  Reed  Martin, 
b.  Apr.  13,  1835,  Kingsburg,  N.  Y. ;  d.  Nov.  21,  1864,  Minneiska, 
Minn. ;   grain  merchant.  Rep. ;    widow  res.  Beaver,  Minn. 

Children  : 
Mary,  b.  Aug.  22,  1860;    d.  Mar.  26,  1875. 
Anna  Elizabeth,  b.  Oct.  6,  1861;    d.  Dec.  3,  1863. 
Jav  Reed,  b.  Dec.  9,  1864;    m.  Nov.  9,  1889.  Annandale, 
Minn.,   Bertha   May   Graff t,   b.   Feb.   8,   1868,   Mexico, 
Ind.,  dau.  of  John  Grafft  and  Nancy  McCalla;    grain 
merchant,  Rep.,  F.  &  A.  M.,  R.  A.;    she  is  mem.  Zurah 
Ladies;    res.  Minneapolis.  Minn.     Children: 
Gerald  Reed,  b.  May  26,  1891. 
Charles  Jay,  b.  Aug.  28,  1892. 

309  Brayton  Lester'  Drake  (brother  to  Ellen),  b.  Nov.  18,  1838, 
Redfield,  N.  Y. ;  m.  Sept.  28,  1862,  Beaver,  Minn.,  Emily  Caroline 
Jeffords,  b.  Feb.  24,  1844,  Westfield,  N.  Y.,  dau.  of  Lanson  Jeffords 
and  Louisa  Maria  Corey.  Contractor  and  builder ;  Prohib. ;  F.  & 
A.  M.     Res.  Wabasha,  Minn. 

Children : 

Clara  E.,  b.  Sept.  1,  1863 ;  m. . 

Nellie,  b.  Apr.  20,  1865 ;  d.  Sept.  5,  1867. 
Freddie,  b.  Oct.  16,  1867;  d.  July  5,  1868. 

Lester  Ranney,  b.  June  26,  1869 ;  m. . 

Harvey,  b.  Nov.  20,  1871 ;  unm. 

Reuben  I.,  b.  Oct.  16,  1874;  m. . 

Charles  L.,  b.  July  19,  1878 ;  m. . 

Elsie  L.,  b.  Nov.  23,  1882. 

310  Margaret'  Drake  (sister  to  Ellen),  b.  Apr.  25,  1842,  Red- 
field,  N.  Y. ;  m.  Dec.  23,  1861,  Elgin,  Minn.,  William  Buckingham, 
b.  Jan.  8,  1828,  Hartland,  Ct. ;  in  Cal.  5  years;  since  1860  in  Minn. 
Merchant ;  Rep. ;  Cong.    She  is  mem.  R.  N.  A.    Res.  Beaver,  Minn.  | 

Children : 
Willis,  b.  Jan.  22,  1863;  m.  July  16,  1895,  Milton,  N.  Dakota, 
Ida  Belle  Holloway,  b.  Apr.  8,  1869,  Lacom,  111.,  dau.  of 


Elijah  Martin  Holloway  and  Mary  Ann  Elinor  McNolte. 
Grain  buyer;  Eep. ;  F.  &  A.  M.  Ees.  Park  Ki,ver,  N. 
Dakota.    Children  : 

Tracy,  b.  July  2,  1897. 

Margaret,  b.  Aug.  23,  1902. 
Arthur  Andrews,  b.  May  23,  1866;  m.  Apr.  9,  1888,  Albert 
Lea,  Minn.,  Lilla  Martin,  b.  June  30,  1862,  Whitewater, 
Wis.,  d.  Jan.  7,  1900,  Crookston,  Minn.,  dau.  of  Walter 
James  Martin  and  Alice  Alvira  Rood;  m.  (2)  1903, 
Agnes  Cyr.  Presby. ;  D.  0.  L.  M.  He  is  Supt.  of  grain 
elevators;  Eep.;  Bapt.;  K.  of  M.;  A.  0.  U.  W.;  K.  of 
Mac.  of  the  World.     Ees.  Crookston,  Minn.     Children: 

Charles,  b.  Dec.  17,  1888. 

Alice,  b.  Jan.  27,  1891. 

James,  b.  Dec.  19,  1892. 

Jay,  b.  Mar.  15,  1896. 

Lynn,  b.  Oct.  26,  1897. 

Philip,  b.  Jan.  5,  1900. 

Lilla,  b.  1904. 
Brayton,  b.  Aug.  9,  1868,  Beaver,  Minn. ;  m.  Oct.  27,  1897, 
Isabella  Maud  Tucker,  b.  Jan.  14,  1871,  Princeton,  Wis. ; 
d.  Jan.  29,  1907,  dau.  of  Eichmond  Tucker  and  Cornelia 
Bronson.  Eep.;  Postmaster;  F.  &  A.  M.  Ees.  Argyle, 
Minn.     Child: 

Lois  Isabella,  b.  Jan.  19,  1907. 
Eoy,  b.  Oct,  8,  1873,  unm.     First  Nat.  Bank,  Seattle,  Wash- 

311  Lester  Eanney'^  Brooks  (Jeanette^  Eanney,  Willett^,  Wil- 
lett*,  Willett%  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  May  19,  1847,  Eedfield,  N. 
Y.;  m.  Apr.  9,  1873,  Elba,  Minn.;  d.  Nov.  11,  1902,  Minneapolis, 
Minn. ;  m.  Josephine  Bullen,  b.  May  12,  1850,  Kenosha,  Wis.,  dau. 
of  John  Bullen  and  Henrietta  Mygatt*  Eep.,  F.  A.  M.,  32°.  A 
man  possessed  of  large  wealth. 

In  the  business  world  j\Ir.  Brooks  was  a  man  of  force  and  influ- 
ence. Though  most  unpretentious  in  his  daily  life,  he  was  a  deep 
student,  and  having  travelled  a  great  deal,  he  was  a  man  with  whom 
it  was  a  pleasure  to  come  in  contact. 

In  1897-8  he  served  as  president  of  the  Chamber  of  Commerce, 
and  was  one  of  the  most  efficient  and  conscientious  executive  officers 
that  that  great  trading  organization  ever  had.  In  the  past  two 
years  he  had  been  chairman  of  the  construction  committee  of  the 
Chamber  of  Commerce,  and  in  that  capacity  had  much  to  do  with 


the  erection  of  the  fine  new  building  which  that  body  lias  just  taken 
possession  of. 

From  early  associations  Mr.  Brooks  has  shown  a  decided  taste 
for  the  banking  business,  and  was  a  strong  man  in  financial  circles, 
being  a  director  of  the  Northwestern  National  Bank  of  Minneapo- 
lis, and  of  the  Second  National  of  Winona.  He  had  given  the 
money  question  a  good  deal  of  study,  and  was  well  informed  upon 
all  matters  pertaining  to  it.  Mr.  Brooks  was  an  enthusiastic 
yachtsman,  and  had  served  as  commodore  of  the  Minnetonka  Yacht 
Club.     Widow  res.  Minneapolis.     Child: 

Philip  Eanney,  b.  Oct.  39,  1875,  Winona,  Minn. ;  m.  Feb.  IS, 
1907,  Chicago,  111.,  Caroline  Lehman  Sewall,  b.  Jan.  12, 
1884,  Stillwater,  Minn.,  dau.  of  Edmund  Devereaux 
Sewall  and  Anna  Lehman,  who  were  married  in  Beth- 
lehem, Pa. ;  descendant  of  Henry  Sewall,  b.  1544,  and 
Mayor  of  Coventry,  England,  the  4th  in  descent  having 
been  Chief  Justice  Samuel  Sewall,  of  witchcraft  trial, 
Salem,  IMass.  Mr.  Brooks  is  Sec.  of  Brooks-Scanlon 
Lumber  Co.  Yale,  1898;  Rep.,  32°  F.  &  A.  M.  Pes.  Min- 
neapolis, Minn. 

[iMygatt-Webster  Lineage — Deacon  Joseph  Mygatt  came  with 
his  wife  Ann  from  England  in  1633  in  the  ship  Griffin  in  company 
with  his  pastor,  Eev.  Thomas  Hooker,  Eev.  Joseph  Cotton,  and 
Rev.  Mr.  Stone.  He  rem.  with  the  Hooker  company  from  New- 
towne,  now  Cambridge,  Mass.,  to  Hartford,  in  1636.  He  d.  1680, 
and  his  wife  in  1686,  their  residence  being  on  what  is  Buslinell 

Joseph^  Mygatt  m.  in  1655,  Sarah  Whiting,  dau.  of  William 
Whiting  from  London,  first  treas.  of  the  Connecticut  Colony. 

Joseph^  Mygatt  m.  Nov.  15,  1677,  Sarah^  Webster,  b.  1655,  Upper 
Houses,  dau.  of  Robert-  Webster  (Gov.  John^  Webster)  and 
Susanna-  Treat  (Richard^). 

Zebulon*  ]\Iygatt,  b.  Nov.  3,  1693 ;  m.  Dorothy  Waters,  b.  Aug. 
28,  1704. 

Austin^  Mygatt  m.  Lament  Blinn,  b.  1735.  He  d.  Feb.  23,  1776, 
in  the  camp  of  the  Continental  Armv  on  Bunker  Hill. 

Sylvester*'  Mygatt,  b.  Sept.  9,  1774;  m.  Aug.  29,  1800,  Abi  Booth, 
dau.'  of  Elisha  Booth  of  Berlin,  Conn.     They  d.  in  Kenosha,  Wis. 

Henrietta^  Mvgatt,  b.  Sept.  7,  1806,  Clinton,  N.  Y. ;  m.  Sept.  28, 
1826,  John  Bullen,  Jr.,  of  Oswego,  N.  Y.  who  foimded  KenoAa. 
Wis.  In  1834  he  was  deputed  by  a  company  of  Oswegans  to  seek 
out  a  new  home  for  them  in  the  new  country,  then  coming  into 
notice,  west  of  Lake  Michigan.  Hiring  an  Indian  guide  in  Chicago. 
in  June,  1834,  the  two  patched  their  tent  on  the  spot  overlooking 


their  harbor.     He  established  his  pre-emption  claim  and  Kenosha 
is  known  for  its  beauty  of  situation. 

Josephine'  Bullen/b.  May  13,  1850,  Kenosha,  m.  Apr.  9,  1873, 
Elba  Minn,  Lester  Eanney  Brooks.] 

312  Dwight  Frederick^  Brooks,  M.  D.  (brother  to  Lester  Ean- 
ney), b.  June  10,  1849,  Eedfield,  N.  Y,;  m.  Sept.  22,  1875,  Winona, 
Minn.,  Anna  Genevieve  Keyes,  b.  Manchester,  Mich.,  dau.  of  John 
Keyes  and  Angelina  Pease.  Grad.  M.  D.,  Univ.  of  Michigan. 
Pres.  Brooks-Scanlon  Lumber  Co. ;  Eep. ;  F.  &  A.  M.  Ees.  "  Mer- 
riam  Park,"  St.  Paul,  Minn. 

Children  : 

Harry  Keyes,  b.  Sept.  4,  1876,  Minneiska,  Minn. ;  rem.  with 
parents,  1887,  to  "  Merriam  Park,"  St.  Paul,  Minn. 
Grad.  1896,  St.  Paul  High  School;  1896-7  student  Univ. 
of  Minnesota  and  interested  in  athletics;  Phi  Kappa 
Psi;  assisted  his  father  two  years  in  lumber  business; 
rem.,  1901,  to  Scanlon,  Minn.,  as  Asst.-Sec.  of  Brooks- 
Scanlon  Lumber  Co. ;  unm. ;  Cong.    Ees.  Scanlon,  Minn. 

Sheldon  Dwight,  b.  Mar.  31,  1878,  Minneiska,  Minn.,  grad. 
1897,  St.  Paul  High  School;  student,  1897-8,  Univ.  of 
Minnesota;  Phi  Kappa  Psi;  assisted  father  four  years 
in  lumber  business;  rem.  1902,  to  Scanlon,  Minn.,  hav- 
ing charge  of  the  railroad  and  logging  operations  of 
Brooks-Scanlon  Lumber  Co.;  F.  &  A.  M. ;  unm.  Ees. 
Scanlon,  Minn. 

Edward,  b.  Aug.  8,  1888,  "  Merriam  Park,"  St.  Paul,  Minn., 
attended  high  school  but  left  on  acct.  of  health  and 
travelled  extensively  1905-6.     Cong.     Assisting  father. 

313  Anson  Strong^  Brooks  (brother  to  Lester  Eanney),  1).  Sept. 
6,  1852,  Eedfield,  N.  Y. ;  m.  July  24,  1876,  McGregor,  la.,  Georgie 
Andros,  b.  Sept.  28,  1858,  Garneville,  la.,  dau.  of  Eichard  Salter 
Storrs  Andros  and  Maria  Worthing.  Came  to  Minnesota  in  1856. 
Worked  as  telegraph  operator  '68  to  '74.  Member  of  firm  of  Brooks 
Brothers  from  1873  to  present  time.  Have  lived  in  Minneapolis 
since  1897.    Ees.  Minneapolis,  Miiin. 

Children  : 
Paul  Andros,  b.  Sept.  16,  1881 ;  grad.  1906,  Yale  Law  School, 

unm.     Ees.  Minneapolis,  Minn. 
Stanley,  b.  May  11,  1886;    student  Yale  Shef.  Sci.  School; 

d.  Oct.  12,  1907. 


316  Sarah  Shepherd^  Ranney  (Reuben^,  Jonathan'^,  George*, 
George^  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  July  28,  1825,  Granville,  Mass.; 
m.  July  7,  1847,  Granville,  Mass.,  J  ere  Austin  Scott,  b.  Apr.  13, 
1806,  Ridgefield,  Conn.  Horticulturist;  Rep.;  Cong.  ch.  Res. 
Ridgefield,  Conn.,  to  1883;  Maumee,  Ohio,  to  1859;  Toledo,  0., 
to  1867 ;  Elizabeth,  K.  J.,  1868 ;  Ann  Arbor,  Mich.,  to  death,  July 
25,  1892.  She  was  mem.  Cong.  ch.  and  died  Apr.  2,  1883,  Ann 
Arbor,  Mich. 

Children  : 

559  Austin,  b.  Aug.  10,  1848. 
Evart  Henry,  b.  Aug.  2,  1850. 

Annie  Elizabeth,  b.  Feb.  13,  1855 ;  d.  Nov.  29,  1866. 

560  Mary  Eliza  Horton,  b.  May  3,  1863;  m.  Dr.  C.  E.  Davis. 
Ranney  Converse,  b.  Nov.  30,  1867. 

317  Timothy  Pickering"  Ranney  (brother  to  Sarah  Shepherd), 
b.  Aug.  2,  1818,  East  Granville,  Mass. ;  m.  Apr.  4,  1860,  Newark, 
N.  J.,  Anna  Pope,  dau.  of  Samuel  Hayes  Pennington,  M.  D.,  LL. 
D.  and  Anna  June  McClellan  Pope.  Counsellor-at-law,  1851-1870, 
Newark;  1870-1874,  Elizabeth,  N.  J.;  d.  Apr.  24,  1874.  Widow 
Presby. ;  mem.  Col.  Dames  of  N.  J. ;  N.  J.  Hist.  Soc.  Res.  N.  York 

Children  : 

Sarah  Pennington,  b.  Feb.  23,  1861,  unm. 

Pennington,  b.  May  7,  1862,  grad.  1882,  Princeton  Uni.;  In- 
structor in  Physics,  Rutgers  Col.;  d.  July  18,  1897, 
Colorado  Springs,  Col. 

Joseph  Pope,  b.  Feb.  20,  1865,  unm.;  grad.  1886,  Princeton 
Uni.,  1889,  M.  A.;  with  R.  R.  Eng.  firm  to  1891;  Sec- 
Treas.  1891-1899  of  Caledonia  Mining  and  Mfg.  Co.; 
adm.  1896  to  Pennsylvania  Bar;  since  1899  Sec-Treas. 
of  Tidewater  Bldg.  Co.,  No.  25  W.  26th  St.,  N.  Y.  City. 

Anna  Elizabeth,  b.  June  10,  1868,  unm. 

317a  Lucretia^  Rannev  (Samuel  HalP,  George^,  George*. 
George^  Thomas',  Thomas^),  b.  June  17,  1796,  Ashfield,  Mass.; 

m  (1)   1816,  Lemuel  Sears,  b. ,  d.  May  28,  1819;  m.  (2) 

1820,  Col.  Nehemiah  Hathaway,  b. ,  d.  1844,  Grand  Rapids, 

Mich.     She  d.  May  17,  1879,  Schoolcraft,  Mich. 
Children  by  1st  marriage: 
Lemuel  Sears,  b.  Aug.,  1817;  d.  June,  1830. 

Children  hy  2d  marriage: 
Caroline,  b.  Nov.  11,  1821;  d.  Aug.  21,  1850;  m.  June  1, 
1840,  Clark  B.  Alber  of  Grand  Haven,  Mich. 

'SIRS.  Eliza  Susan  (Ranney)  Swensox 
(See  page  477) 

William  Ranney  and  Wife 
(See  page  347) 


Mary  Stewart,  b.  July  30,  1823 ;  d.  May  21,  1804 ;  m.  Feb. 

12,  1845,  Dr.  M.  Freeman. 
Charles  William,  b.  Apr.  12,  1825;  d.  Feb.  20,  1891;  m.  Nov. 

28,  1846,  Mary  Tracy,  b.  1825,  Lima,  0.     Son  is  Sec. 

of  Grand  Eapids  Board  of  Trade. 
Emily  Agnes,  b.  June  16,  1827,  Ashfield,  Mass. ;  m.  Mar.  25, 

1848,  James  D.  Lyon,  b.  Jan.   15,   1825.     "Widow  res. 

Grand  Eapids. 

318  William'^  Eanney  (Samuel  Hall^,  George^  George*,  George^, 
ThomasS  Thomas^),  b.   Oct.   23,  1805,  Ashfield,  Mass.;  m.    (1) 

1828,  Ashfield,  Eliza  Ann  Smith,  b.  ;  d.  April,  1833; 

m.  (2)  Oct.,  1836,  Canandaigua,  N.  Y.,  Ann  Ostrander  McCarty, 
b.  Mar.  17,  1807,  Phelps,  N.  Y.,  dau.  of  William  Ann  Eoxy  Os- 
trander and  widow  of McCarty,  who  d.  Aug.  24,  1892, 

Osawatomie,  Ivan.  He  d.  Apr.  8,  1888,  Osawatomie.  A  son  has 
contributed  the  following: 

"  William  Eanney  learned  to  be  an  edge-tool  maker,  then  built 
and  managed  a  saw  mill.  During  winters  he  drove  to  Boston,  110 
miles,  with  produce,  using  the  six-horse  wagon  of  that  day,  and 
consuming  two  weeks  in  making  a  round  trip. 

"  In  those  days,  it  was  the  custom  for  men  to  go  throughout  the 
country  and  buy  from  the  farmers  their  surplus  live-stock.  They 
would  gather  up  cattle,  sheep  and  hogs  in  large  droves,  drive  them 
to  some  of  the  large  coast  markets,  and  sell  them  for  slaughter,  or 
to  the  farmers  throughout  the  country  for  fattening  purposes.  In 
this  business,  he  was  engaged  for  some  time.  Brighton  Market, 
which  was  situated  four  miles  out  of  Boston,  was  the  market  used 
by  all  the  New  England  country.  These  Brighton  drovers  bought 
their  stock  from  all  the  New  England  states,  and  sometimes  went 
as  far  west  as  the  state  of  Ohio;  when  they  had  bought  up  and 
gathered  together  the  required  number  they  drove  them  across 
the  country  to  Brighton  Market.  One  of  these  trips  took  him  into 
the  Genesee  Valley  country  of  the  state  of  New  York,  where  he 
bought  from  the  settlers  of  that  then  comparatively  new  country 
1400  head  of  hogs,  which  he  drove  on  down,  crossing  the  Hudson 
Eiver  at  Albany,  and  from  there  on  to  Brighton  Market,  to  be 
disp«)sed  of  as  before  stated.  This  took  place  in  about  the  year 
of  1835.  On  this  trip,  he  had  ample  opportunity  to  take  a  careful 
view  of  the  Genesee  Valley,  and  he  was  so  very  favorably  imp