Skip to main content

Full text of "Origin and history of Glasgow Streets / by Hugh Macintosh"

See other formats

^.: i 


,t3 . 

in an5 IT^istor^ 


vv Streets 




Ex Libris 



3 llflfl 0]iD3bbbl 


DA e?0.G5 M19 


Date due 

Zbc (S^rigin anb Ibtstor^ 


Glasgow Streets 





"citizen" press 




It is impossible within the limits of a single volume to 
give the origin or history of every street — a great many 
having fancy names, to discover the meaning of which 
would be somewhat of the nature of a conundrum. An 
•instance occurs in Belmar Terrace, Pollokshields — the 
original proprietor of which having two daughters, Bella 
and Marion, took the first syllable from each of these 
cognomens, and produced a fair-sounding title for his 
property. Royalty and nobility are likewise utilised to 
a considerable extent, and although no pretence is made 
in this work as to an exhaustion of the subject yet it may 
safely be asserted that it contains more information anent 
the principal thoroughfares of this city than any previous 
publication. In regard to personal names connected 
with trades, from which they accrued, there are at present 
in the city, one Mason, a builder ; Hair, a barber ; Baxter, 
a baker; Clouts, a tailor; Soutar, a bootmaker; and 
Finnie, a fishmonger. 

In compilation I have to thank Mr. Renwick, depute 
town clerk, for valuable information most courteously 
tendered ; as also Messrs. Hedderwick & Sons, who gave 
me permission to give extracts from some articles which 
I contributed to their Saturday Weekly Citizen some _years 
ago ; likewise C. J. Maclean, Esq., for notes on the 
Plantation Estate. 

Books Consulted. 

The Diocesan Records, the City Protocols, 
the Regality Publications. " Origines Parochiales," 
by Innes ; " History of Strathbrock," by the Rev. James 
Primrose ; " Glasgow : Past and Present," Jamieson's 
" History of the Culdees," '' The Country Houses of the 
Old Glasgow Gentry," "Commissariat of Govan," Scott's 
" History of Langside," " Scottish Pasquils," edited by 
Maidment; "The Harlot's Progress," by Balzac; "Glasghu 
Facies," Clelland's " Annals of Glasgow," " Glasgow : its 
Municipal Organisation and Administration," by Sir 
James Bell and J. Paton ; " Scottish Market Crosses," 
by J. W. Small; " Cunningham," by Timothy Pont. 

Saint Mungo, 

the patron saint of Glasgow, was also called 
Saint Kentigern. His father was Ewen ap Urien, 
a prince of Strath-Clyde ; his mother was Thenaw, a 

daughter of Loth, King of Northumbria. Thenaw was 
visionary, and dreamed of being a second Virgin Mary ; 
but her paternal parent was too matter-of-fact, so he 
sent her to sea in a little boat, which was ultimately 
driven to Culross, where Saint Kentigern was born, and 
partly educated by Saint Serf, who latterly handed him 
over to the care of Semanus. Bishop of Orkney, who, after 
taking the good little boy in charge, found him so loving 
and kindly in disposition that he called him bj^ a pet- 
name of his own — Mungo, from the Norwegian phrase 
Mongah (my friend or dear one), and this stuck to him — 
hence the name Saint Mungo. Kentigern, his first title, 
means Lord-in-Chief. 

The Arms of Glasgow. 
The tree denotes the frozen branch with which, by 
blowing into a flame, Saint Mungo re-kindled the 
monastery fire at Culross. The bird is the robin 
he brought back to life after it had been decapi- 
tated. The fish and ring are emblematic of a 
miracle, by which he restored to Langueth, the wife of 
King Ridderch of Strathclyde, a love token she had lost ; 
and the bell represents that which he brought from 
Rome. He died about 601, and for more than five 
centuries after that date Glasgow has no authentic 


The Streets of Saint Mungo. 

Up till 1750 there were only thirteen streets in 
Glasgow. These were — Bell Street, Bridgegate Street, 
Candleriggs Street, Canon Street, Drygate Street, Gallow- 
gate Street, High Street, King Street, Princes 
Street, Kottenrow Street, Saltmarket Street, Stock- 
well Street, and Trongate Street. At the present 
time there are approximately two thousand one 
hundred streets within the bounds of the city, and, 
in addition, several squares, quadrants, and parades. The 
total length of streets maintained by the Statute Labour 
Department is two hundred and sixteen and one-third 
miles, the actual cost of maintenance and repair of 
which for the year 1901 was £73,072 16s. 4d. Sixteen 
new streets, 3589 yards in length, were taken over as 
public during the course of the twelve months. The 
Dean of Guild Court in the same time granted linings to 
the number of 460, the valuations of which were 
£1,430,312. In the previous year the linings 
granted numbered 579, and the value was £2,019,822. 
The streets were first lighted in 1717 with a few oil 
lamps which were hung on brackets ; but in 1780 the 
first lamps were placed on the south-side of Trongate 
Street. They were erected as a reward for the formation 
of a pavement by the local proprietors between the Cross 

and Stock well Street. Gas was first introduced for street 
lighting on 15th September, 1818. Early in 1893 
several of the leading thoroughfares were lighted with 
electricity ; and to\Nards the end of the same year the 
Welsbach incandescent mantle was utilised with satisfac- 
tory results. 

H. M. 




Abercrombie Street, opened in 1802, and named in honour of 
Sir Ralph, who fell in Egypt in 1801. It had previously been 
known as South Witch Lone. 

Adam's Court Lane, named for John Adam, a contractor, who 
built the first foot-bridge over the river at Jamaica Street in 
1768. He afterwards built several tenements in Argyle Street 
east of Jamaica Street and extending to this lane. 

Adelphi Street was opened early in last century, and named 
in honour of the brothers Hutcheson. 

Aird's Lane, named for John Aird, who was five times elected 
Provost of the city, the last time in 1721. His old mansion 
stood here till a few months since, when it was removed for 
railway extension. 

Albany Street (Bridgeton), named for Charlotte Stuart, 
Duchess of Albany, who was the daughter of Prince Charlie. 
Burns sings of her as the Bonnie Lass of Albany. This lady was 
born in Paris and baptised at Liege on 29th October, 1753. Her 
mother, Clementina Walkinshaw, was the youngest daughter of 
John Walkinshaw of Barrowfield, and she died at Fribourg, in 
Switzerland, so late as 1802. 

Albion Street, opened in 1808. It had been church lands, and 
the market for salt was for a time located in it. 

Allander Street, named for the river of that name in Dum- 

Allan's Pen. Pen in common parlance means to coop up or 
confine. In the present instance, in East-end vernacular it is a big 
close or passage. Thus a close was generally taken to be a passage 
about five feet wide, but a pen close was always considered to be 
wide enough for the passage of a horse and cart. Allan's Pen 
however, so far as the writer can remember from the remnant 
of it remaining in his day, through which he has passed many a 
time, would be about eight feet by eight. It was virtually a 
subway or tunnel, the side walls of stone and arched with brick, 
extending from the south-east exit of Glasgow Green to Euther- 
glen Bridge, and was constructed by Alexander Allan of Newhall 
to give him unbroken access from his demesne to the river. This 
was done by turfing over the erection. It was an outrage on the 
public rights, but no action was taken as happened later in the 
Harvey's Dyke case. But the river coming down in high flood 
with broken ice during the ensuing winter destroyed the greater 
part of the structure, on seeing which the proprietor made only half- 
hearted efforts at repair. Meantime his action had incensed the 
Bridgeton people, who were at that period mostly employed as 
hand-loom weavers and nearly all strongly imbued with Radical 
ideas. The result was that every one became Mr. Allan's enemy, 
and he, while largely interested in the sugar trade of the West 
Indies, was also a manufacturer in the city and gave out webs to 
be woven. In this he was boycotted, as the weavers declined to 
work to him, even at increased rates. This was the first check 
that his arrogant and over bearing attitude to the public got. But 
coming events cast their shadows before, and worse was in store for 
him, as a year or two later a panic in the Indian cotton market, 
simultaneous with a big drop in sugar, led him to do some very 
foolish things, which ultimately caused him to take flight to Ireland, 
which was then, as America became later on, the receptacle of the 
greater number of those who left their country for their country's 
good. He never returned, dying there in 1809. The mansion of 

Newhall had been built by him, and as showing the extravagance of 
the individual, the flues of all the chimnej^s were lined with copper, 
under the mistaken idea that this would obviate sweeping. The 
building stood near the eastern extremity of Newhall Terrace, and 
was taken down several years ago. After Mr. Allan's flight the 
lands of Newhall were divided and sold. William Dixon of 
Govanhill, having bought the minerals, tried to sink a shaft near 
the southern boundary, but the attempt was vain, and after using 
up all the ideas of the most skilful mining engineers as well as 
many thousands of pounds in cash, the project was abandoned. 
The coal was reached several times, but the shifting mud always 
closed the shaft. Clydeview Terrace is built almost over the spot 
where the operations took place, and it was this, no doubt, which 
caused the subsidence of these buildings some years ago, creating 
considerable alarm among the residents. The mansion with a few 
adjoining acres were acquiied by Mr. Hussey, who was an extensive 
cotton-spinner, and son-in-law to Henry Houldsworth (see Houlds- 
worth Street). Mr. Allan's daughters, the spinsters, resided for 
many years after their father's decease in a building which had 
originally been intended as offices for the mansion, while a widowed 
daughter (Mrs. Martin) resided with her family in a small 
jointure house within the grounds. The first-mentioned dwelling 
abutted on the boundary wall of the Green, the windows looking 
into the Planting, this being the local name for the pathway which 
runs parallel to the boundary wall of the Green eastwards from 
John-street to the river. At that time it was in great part a deep 
hollow or ravine thickly studded with saiigh trees and the lower 
part filled with a dense undergrowth, and towards nightfall it had 
rather a weird appearance, police in this locality being unknown 
at this period. The gamins made frequent raids from the Planting 
into the garden of the Allans, and occasionally defied the ladies, 
one of whom had rather prominent teeth, which had been operated 
upon by a clumsy dentist, who had left the metallic fixings quite 
too apparent, and in the course of her expostulations with the 
raiders the addition to her molars was spotted at once by the 
belligerents, who dubbed her " Jenny with the iron teeth," and this 
title getting exaggerated as time went on, the youngsters of the 
East End came to the belief that a veritable ogre existed on the other 
.side of Green head wall, the result being that for many years 

children in their peregrinations through the paik invariably 
avoided the Planting through fear of Jenny. A year or two since, 
a correspondent in one of the daily papers, who claimed to be the 
representative of the Allan family, suggested that a metal tablet 
should be fixed up to mark the site of Allan's Pen. Rather a 
strange desire on the part of a descendant to have the memory of 
an ancestor perpetuated whose most notable action was that of 
depriving the public of a right of way, and who wound up a some- 
what chequered career by ignominious flight. Byron in his 
"Childe Harold" thus descants on an individual of this sort: 

" But one sad lozel soils a name for aye, 

However mighty in the olden time, 
Nor all that heralds rake from coffined clay 

Can blazon evil deeds or consecrate a crime." 

Alston Street, now swallowed up in Central Railway Station, 
was named for John Alston, grandson of Mr. Miller of Westerton, 
the maker of Miller Street. 

Anderston, the village of, was formed on the eastern portion of 
the estate of Mr. Anderson of Stobcross. 

Annfield Street, after Ann Park, who was the wife of James 
Tennant, a wealthy tobacconist, who built the mansion of Annfield. 

Ann Street (Bridgeton), after a daughter of John Walkinshaw 
of Barrowfield, of which estate this formed a part. 

Argyle Street was without the West Port, and was at first 
known as Dumbarton Road, then it changed to Wester Gate, and 
previous to assuming the patronymic of Archibald, Duke of 
Argyle, it was called Anderston Walk. In May, 1761, the 
corpse of Argyle, who had met his death in England, lay in state, 
while en route to the ducal burying-place at Kilmun, in the Black 
Bull Hotel, then known as the Highland Society's House, in this 
street, which but a short time previously had been named in his 
honour. The old hotel still standing between Glassford Street and 
Virginia Street, is now engrossed in the premises of Mann, Byars, 
& Co. 

Argyle Arcade. The tenement fronting Argyle Street which 
forms the entrance to this popular promenade was built by John 
Reid, the father of " Senex," about 1 780, but the Arcade was formed 
by John Robertson Reid of Gallowflat, who was of the same family. 
A practical joke was carried out here by an officer who was 
quartered with a troop of the Lancers in the Cavalry Barracks, 
which were at that time (about seventy years ago) situated in Eglin- 
ton Street. This officer and gentleman took a bet with some of his 
compeers that he would ride through the Arcade at mid-day in full 
military tog, including carbine, sword, and lance, and he did it 
entering at Buchanan Street and emerging at Argyle Street. The 
private constable had for the nonce been invited into a tavern by 
an emissaiy, which left the course clear, and the horse carrying the 
warrior pranced through the flagged way, much to the astonish- 
ment of the toyshop men and terror of the milliners. The soldier 
man, however, had to pay sweetly for his little escapade at the 
Police Court next dciy. The Argyle family, like another ducal line, 
are unduly commemorated in our city, which was never in any way 
indebted to them, and their record does not read well. The first 
peer of the family, Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochow, founded the 
Collegiate Chiu-ch at Kilmun in the year 1442, and he died eleven 
years thereafter, and was buried in the church which he had set up 
From that time Kilmun became the burial-place of the Argyle 
family, and among the chiefs whose bones repose here may be 
mentioned that singularly unhappy nobleman, Archibald, first 
Marquis of Argyle. He was decapitated by the guillotine or 
'• Maiden " at the Cross of Edinburgh on the 27th May, 1661. His 
head was stuck on the Tolbooth on the very pinnacle where the 
head of his heroic adversary the great Marquis of Montrose had 
been exposed for ten long years. The remains of Argyle were 
more tenderly dealt with, as on the 8th of June, 1664, King Charles 
the Second granted a warrant to have it taken down and deposited 
beside his body in the tomb of his ancestors at Kilmun. The son 
and successor of this peer, Archibald, ninth Earl of Argyle, was 
fated like his father to die on a scaffiDld at Edinburgh, but his dust 
found a resting-place in the neighbouring church of Greyfriars. 
Archibald, first Duke of Argyle, died under rather peculiar 
circumstances in England on 28th September, 1703. In extracts 
from the Argyle papers by James Maidment, advocate, Edin- 

burgh, it is shown that John, Duke of Argyle and Gi-eenwich, was by 
no means the estimable person represented by Sir Walter Scott in 
his " Heart of Midlothian." Woodrow does not speak favourably of 
him, saying his talents were much over-rated. Glover, in *' Political 
Memoirs," at 9, states that he was in his own person a most 
shameless prostitute to power, and extremely avaricious. He would 
sell nothing but himself, which he continually did with every circum- 
stance of levity, meanness, and treachery. The late Duke was an 
eminently self-contained individual. His nature was cold and 
somewhat unsympathetic, and while in lesidence at his castle in 
Inveraray there was not much of that kindly intercourse between 
peasant and peer that tends to ameliorate and bridge the dividing 
gulf. He was a voluminous and versatile writer, and in his early 
day a fair orator, as older citizens can remember, when overflow- 
ing audiences were always the result of a lecture announced to be 
given by his Grace in the City Hall. The subject-matter, how- 
ever, of several of these oratorical shows was but shadows from 
the works of Hugh Miller and others. But the lecturer was a 
Duke (something of a o^ara avis in Glasgow), and the people 

Arthur Street (Bridgeton), named for William Rae Arthur 
who was Lord Provost in 1869. 

Bain Street, in honour of Sir James Bain, who was Lord 
Provost of the city in 1874. 

Balgray. The town of the flock, such as sheep or goats. 

Balmano Street, opened 1792, was formed on the garden 
belonging to a lady of that name. Her son was a well-known 
surgeon and druggist in Trongate Street. 

Balshagrie. The windy town. 

Baltic Street was formed on gi^ound acquired by The 
Baltic Jute Works Co., who built extensive factories here. 
It did not succeed, and was wound up after a few years' 

Bankier Street, aftei- William Bankier, a former Provost of 

Bardowie Street, named for the estate of this name in the 
parish of Baldernock and county of Stirling, on the margin of 
Bardowie Loch. It is about six miles from the city. 

Barrack Street, opened 1795. It formed the eastern boundary 
of the Infantry Barracks, which were built on lands anciently 
known as the Butts, where the citizens practised archery. A 
battle was fought here during the reign of Queen Marie between 
the Regent Arran and Lennox and Glencairn. Upwards of three 
hundred fell on either side, and the town suffered severely, as it 
was given up to pillage. A large portion of these lands was 
granted to the Government in 1795 as a site for an infantry 
barracks, for which purpose they were utilised for well-nigh a 
century, but the locality becoming unsuitable, new quarters were 
erected in the north-west portion of the city. In the circum- 
stances it was fully expected that the ground which the War Office 
authorities had so long enjoyed the free use of would have been 
handed back to the city to be utilised as an open garden space, 
which was much needed in the district, but with that parsimony 
which is invariably shown to Scotland in things Imperial a deaf 
ear was given to all remonstrance, and the place was sold for a very 
large sum to a railway company. 

Bartholomew Street, named for John Bartholomew of Cotton 
Hall. He was an extensive cotton spinner and proprietor of 
several factories. He died at Helensburgh, 30th September, 

Bath Street got its name from William Harley, a specu- 
lative character, who early in last century built public baths and 
also extensive dairy premises at the north-east end of this 

Beaconsfield Road, in memory of the famous political Earl, 
who first gained notoriety through an attack made upon him in 
Parliament by the redoubtable Dan, who in his diatribe styled him 
a veritable descendant of Judas Iscariot and no doubt closely 
related to the thief upon the cross. 

Bedford Lane, previously known as Puddock Row, this title 
doubtless having arisen from the multiplicity of frogs in the 
district, these little reptiles always having been numerous in the 
open lands on the south-side of the river, particularly so in the 
districts of Little Govan and Polmadie. 

Bellahouston. This place is mentioned in a Crown charter 
granted in 1597, where it reads Ballahawstene. In a charter of 
the following year it is printed Ballahowstene. Balla is from the 
Celtic haile (a town), and the name Howstene following would lead 
to the supposition that it meant Howstene's town, but the name 
Houston of old was written Hewston or Hughston, the town of 
Hugh, and was therefore complete in itself. This is clearly defined 
in the case of Houston in Renfrewshire, as likewise in the notes 
on Houston House in the parish of IJphall, given in the history of 
Strathbrock by the Rev. James Primrose, which would give rather 
a strange rendering of the name. A supposition that the place 
may have been held at one time by a rentaller of the name of 
Houston is also open to objection from the difference in spelling. 
The name is evidently purely Celtic, and its true meaning will 
have to be sought for in a Gaelic dictionary. These notes have 
been given in rectification of the popular idea that the place had 
been named by a former proprietor after a favourite daughter 
called Bella. 

Bell Street (City), opened 1710, and named for Sir John 
Bell, who was Provost in 1680. 

Bellfield Street, named for Isobel, wife of John Macdonald, 
who had a villa in it. 

Bellgrove Street, previously known as Witch Lone. It is 
said to have been originated by the masons who built the Cathe- 


dral, they living in Rutherglen. It was also a drove road for 
cattle crossing Clyde at Dalmarnock Ford. 

Bishop Street (Anderston) was formerly called Bishop's or 
Parson's Croft, having been church lands. After the Reformation 
King James the Sixth gave these lands, which consisted of about 
thirteen acres, to John Andrew, who was clerk of his Secret 
Council. It afterwards became the property of the Incorporation 
of Tailors. 

BisHOPBRiGGS derives its name from a bridge erected by a 
Glasgow bishop to facilitate communication with his rentallers in 
the district. 

Blythswood Square, was laid off and opened in 1823 undei 
the name of Garden Square, this title being given to it by William 
Hamilton Garden, who was a son of Francis Garden of Fetteresso. 
He was at that time head of a well-known West India firm in 
the city, and speculated extensively in porperty. He resided in the 
Crawford mansion, having bought it in 1813, the site of which is 
now occupied by the station of the North British Railway. 

Blackburn Street (Plantation) was so named after the 
Midland town by one of the trustees of Mr. Maclean, because he 
had business connections with it. 

Botanic Gardens, opened in 1832, on ground extending to 21| 
acres which was feued from Campbell of Blythswood. They did 
not succeed as a company concern, and were taken over by the 
Corporation in 1892 at a cost of ^59,531. The banks of Kelvin 
extending to 18| acres have been added since then to the gardens 
at a cost of X9360. What was called the Old Botanic Gardens 
were situated on the north side of Dumbarton Road west of 
Claremont Street, and are now built over. 

Bothwell Street. This thoioughfare was exploited by James 
Scott of Kelly about the middle of last century. He expended a 
large sum of money in forming it, having got a special Act of 
Parliament to enable him to construct the viaduct at its western 


extremity to carry it over Bishop Street into St. Vincent Street ; 
but the scheme was a little too premature, as it is only now taking 
shape to rank as a leading thoroughfare. 

Brand Street, named for Harvey Brand, who was proprietor of 
the ground on which it was formed. 

Bridgegate Street, opened in 1100, and previous to the 
erection of the bridge over the river. It was known as the 
Fishergate from the fact that the fishers and fish dealers had 
incorporated themselves into a society and had built the greater 
part of it, 

Bridgeton is formed upon a part of the lands of Barrowfield 
called Goosefauld. It was laid off for feuing by John Walkinshaw, 
the proprietor, in 1705, but it was very slow in being taken up, and 
the place was of little account until Butherglen Bridge was built 
l;i 1775. The bridge cost .£1800, of which sum Butherglen 
contributed =£1000. 

Bridgeton Cross. The place at present so named is a 
misnomer. Camlachie Burn is the boundary between Bridgeton 
and Calton, and this so-called Cross, being on the west side of the 
burn, is therefore in Calton. The Cross proper is at the junction 
of Reid Street and Dale Street, and the spot was for many years 
marked with a cross in the roadway by stones sunk in the macadam. 
The writer has also seen it referred to in the minute-book of the 
Bridgeton Feuar Court, which was the governing authority pre- 
vious to annexation to the city. This minute-book unfortunately 
got mutilated accidentally, and there is only a small portion of it 
now in existence. But sufficient has been stated to locate the 
Cross of this suburb, although there is no historic record to prove 
it, as Mr. Renwick seems to think is awanting in the case of the 
Cross in Bottenrow. Record indeed ! Bridgeton is of yesterday, 
no building or house in it being yet 200 years old. J. W. Small, in 
his "Scottish Market Crosses," published last year, says: — "In 
many cases I did not find any Cross where I had been led to suppose 
a Cross existed, but in one exceptional case I found a cross marked 
in the causeway." So it was with Bridgeton, but on making a pil- 


grimage to the shrine a few weeks since I found the vandals had 
swept the mark away. Sanitary affairs were conducted in rather a 
primitive fashion in Bridgeton up till 1830, when the contractor for 
cleansing was bound to sweep the streets only six times during the 
year, for which he got the handsome remuneration of <£3 10s. 
Two years later, when the contractor was James Roberton, farmer, 
Dalmarnock, it is mentioned in the minute-book that he was 
awarded an additional ten shillings for having given the streets an 
extra touch up. This gentleman, by the way, it may be mentioned, 
was the father of a late leading legal luminary in this city. Sir 
James Roberton. Pavements in this district up till this date were 
unknown, and, without even the Auld Reekie warning of " Gardie 
loo," buckets of slops were shot out from front doors on to the 
common thoroughfare, so that wayfarers had to be wary or they 
got soused. 

Brook Street, so named from its contiguity to Camlachie 
Burn, which used to be spanned here by a footbridge. 

Broomielaw, a grassy slope or meadow with broom growing on 
it. The first quay or jetty, with a weigh-house and crane, were 
erected here in 1662. 

Broomward Street was formed on the lands of this name, 
whereon the Dunlops of Craigton early in last century erected 
extensive cotton-spinning works. The father of the late John 
Elder, of Fairfield Shipbuilding Yard, who had come from 
Strathaven as an operative, superintended the fitting up of the 
machinery when the place was being built. 

Brown Street (City), opened in 1800. It was formed on the 
bleachfield of Brown, Carrick, & Co., and named for the senior 

Buchanan Street, opened 1780, and named for Andrew 
Buchanan, of Buchanan, Hastie, & Co., who were leading 
merchants in the city. He was proprietor of the gi'ound on which 
it was formed as far north as Gordon Street. 


Brunswick Street, opened 1790, named in honour of the House 
of Hanover. This street was formed on the garden attached to 
the house of a w^-^ll-known sporting man, Mr. Baird of Craigton. 

Byres Boad was formed through a small village or clachan 
called the Byres of Partick. Sometimes it was called the Bishop's 
Byres. An attempt was made some years since to change the 
name to Victoria Road, but the public would not have it. 

Calton is from a Gaelic word, coiUdui7i, meaning w^ood on the 
hiU. It had been known for some time as Blackfauld, and formed 
part of the Barrowfield estate. It was ultimately raised into a 
Burgh of Barony, and annexed to the city in 1846. The Cross was 
at the junction of Main Street and King Street, the latter at that 
time being known as New Street. 

Oamlachie or Cambuslachie are both Celtic terms, meaning 
the wild duck hollow or glen. Camlaiche, another form, means 
the muddy bend of the burn. 

Campbell Street, opened 1784, from Gallowgate Street to 
Grseme Street, was formed on ground belonging to James Camp- 
bell of Petershill. 

Campbell Street (West) is named for Campbell of Blythswood. 

Camperdown Street, to commemorate Camperdown's Red 
Fight, when Admiral Duncan routed the Dutch on 11th October, 
1797. The local authorities forbade illuminations in celebration 
because (it was said) the Dutch were Protestants. From this it 
would appear that pro-Boerism is not a creation of yesterday. 

Candleriggs Street, opened in 1724. A candle work formerly 
occupied a site at its north end. 

Canning Street (Calton) is named for the Honourable 
George Canning, who died in 1827, Prime Minister of Great 
Britain. It had previously been known as Barrowfield Road, 
being the highway to the manor-place of that name. 


Canon Street, opened in 1360, was formed upon the site of 
what had been a seminary for canons. 

Carlton Place, opened 1802. It was laid off by James 
Laurie of Laurieston, who put up gates at either end to stop 
cart traffic, but the attempt failed. The internal decoration, 
particularly the plaster work, in some of the lodgings in this 
terrace, which was executed by artificers from Italy, has not up 
till the present time been equalled by local tradesmen. 

Garment Drive, named for Dr. Carment, of Carment, Wedder- 
burn, and Watson, the well-known legal firm in Edinburgh who 
are the agents of Sir John Maxwell of PoUok, on whose estate 
this thoroughfare is formed. 

Carmunnock means the round hill of the monk. 

Carmyle, from the Gaelic cathirmaol, meaning the bare town. 
It was a poor little hamlet till 1741, when Mr. Mackenzie, a 
Glasgow merchant, started a muslin manufactory in it. 

Carrick Street, opened 1800, was formed on the bleachfield of 
Brown, Carrick & Co., and named for the junior partner. 

Carstairs Street, named for the residential estate of Henry 

Castle Street, opened 1100, was the highway to the Bishop's 
Palace or Castle, which was used for either purpose as the 
exigencies of war or religion demanded. 

Cathcart Street (Hutchesontown), opened 1798, named for 
Lord Cathcart. 

Cathedral Street, opened 1840, previous to which date there 
was a nai-row road called Potter-row Lone a short distance south 
of the present street, which ran in the same direction, but the 
operations of the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway Co. swept it 
away and altered the locality. 


Charles Street (Mile-end), named after a former East-end 
proprietor. There was a close or entry in the locality that was 
known as Charley's Close, and it latterly had an unenviable 
notoriety from being the haunt or gathering-place of the roughs 
of Calton and Bridgeton. Who Charley was history sayeth not, 
but when he departed this life it was found that he had left a 
legacy to the East-enders in the shape of a small gi-een which 
was to remain an open space for ever, but the little oasis has been 
utilised by a railway company, who have not given an equivalent. 

Charles Street (St. Rollox), named after Charles Tennant the 
elder, grandsire of the present Baronet. He founded St. Bollox 
Chemical Works in company with George Macintosh of Dun- 
chattan in 1788. 

Charlotte Street, opened 1779, and named for the gran dam of 
our late Empress Queen, Victoria. It had previously been known 
as Merkdaily, that is the daily market where fruit and vegetables 
were sold. David Dale the Socialist, and founder of Lanark Mills, 
had his town house here, still standing at the south-west corner. 
He built it in 1782 at a cost of £6000. It and the garden were 
acquired in 1850 for an Eye Infirmary, at the price of £2800. 

Charlotte Lane. Previous to the formation of London Street 
in 1824 this was a labyrinthine passage extending from Great 
Hamilton Street to Saint Andrew Square. The operation cut it in 
two, and the eastern portion became for a time London Lane. But 
the dwellers in the East liked not the title, and imagined that 
they saw some resemblance in the passage to the narrow way 
where the Mesopotamian soothsayer and his poor old donkey 
encountered the celestial messenger with such marvellous results, 
so they named it Balaam's Pass, pronounced Balaum's Pass, and it 
was better known by this cognomen than any other for many years. 
The authorities have lately put up fresh name-plates bearing the 
legend Charlotte Lane. 

Cheapside Street, after the thoroughfare of this name in Lon- 
don, which got its title from having been the site of a cheap 


Church Place (off Main Street, Anderston) has been the site 
of a place of worship for well nigh one hundred and fifty years. 
The Rev. James Stuart, who was the second minister of the 
Kelief Church here, was ordained in 1775, having previously been 
assistant at Saint Andrew's Church. He was a son of Prince 
Charles Edward Stuart, and was born in Dunblane in 1745. He 
died in 1819. 

Claythorn Street was formed on the lands of Clay thorn, which 
belonged to John Luke, who was an extensive merchant in the 

Clyde Street (Great) was formerly known as the Horse Brae, 
from the slope that led down to the ford. H ere the fairs and 
markets were held for the sale of all kinds of quadrupeds. 

Clyde Street (Calton) was formed on the property of John 
Clyde, who was a biewer in Craignestock (which is in the vicinity) 
in 1777. This family were the maternal ancestors of Robert 
Dalglish of Kilmardinny, who was for many years a popular 
representative of the city in Parliament. 

Clyde (River), from the Gaelic word clith, meaning strong. It 
is not to be confounded with Clwyd in Wales, it being the name 
of the son of Cunedda Wledig, who conquered the Gwyddel or 
Irish settlers in North Wales. 

Cochrane Street, opened 1787, named for Andrew Cochrane, 
who was Provost in 1760. It had previously been known as 
Cotton Street, from the fact that it was almost entirely taken up 
with the offices of cotton brokers, spinners, and yarn agents. The 
Bird Market was held on the north side of this street previous to 
its removal to a lane on the north side of Bell Street, City. 

CoLEBROOKE STREET, named for Sir Thomas Edward Colebrooke, 
Bart. He was for many years a popular Lord Lieutenant of 

College Street, off High Street, was formed by the Corpora- 
tion in 1794. 


College Street (West) was formed on the site of a monastic 
establishment, which at the Reformation was bestowed by the 
Crown upon the College of Glasgow. 

Collins Street, in honour of Sir William Collins, who was Lord 
Provost in 1877. He was senior partner of William Collins, 
Sons & Co., the well-known publishing firm. 

Commerce Street was at first called Queen Street. 

Cook Street, named for James Cook, a well-known engineei- 
whose works were there. He engined some of the earlier steamers 
on the Clyde. 

Cornwall Street, Plantation, was named for a relative of Mrs. 
Maclean, wife of the first proprietor of that name. 

CoRUNNA Street, commemorative of Sir John Moore's victory 
over the French on 16th January, 1809. 

CowcADDENS Street was formed through the village of. So 
named from being the place where cows were milked. 

CowLAiRS was part of the commons belonging to the town. In 
the burgh records of 9th March, 1631, it is recorded that part of 
the lands of Cowlairs was let for ^6 13s. 4d., and the mikle hill 
nearest Flemington, the Sagie Holm, part of Kowlairs, and 
Channel Moss were let for 52 merks. 

Craigtehall Street. This was the name of the greater part of 
the Plantation estate, on which this street is formed, previous to 
its acquisition by Mr. Robertson in 1783. 

Cranstonhill was formerly called Drumother Hill. Some 
sapient historian twisted this ancient title into Drumover Hill, 
stating that it had acquired the latter cognomen from being the 
spot to which all vagabonds were escorted when to the tune of the 
" Rogues' March " they were drummed out of town. This was a 
pure invention. The vagabonds were ejected at the Gallowgate 


Port, so that they might benefit by a sight of the permanent 
gallows (which stood on the Butts) en passant. '' Senex" mentions 
that he saw a Highland woman escorted to Cranstonhill. This 
must have been an exceptional case, and may have been done to 
give her a chance of getting back to her native wilds. The true 
solution of the name is to be found in two Gaelic words — druim 
odhar — pronounced somewhat like "drumover," and meaning 
the grey ridge. Peden, the Scottish prophet, prognosticated that 
the Cross of Glasgow would ultimately be on this spot. At the 
present rate of extension in this direction his prediction seems 
likely to be fulfilled at no very remote date. 

Crosshill deiives its name from an ancient cross which stood 
on a height still named the Cross Hill. This monument was 
about ten feet high and three-and-a-half wide, and bore a 
sculptured representation of Christ entering Jerusalem riding on 
an ass. It was removed by some vandals about the end of the 
eighteenth century. 

Crossmyloof. The origin of this name has been ascribed to 
Queen Mary. The village, however, was not in existence in her 
time, and the lands went under that name long anterior to the 
Battle of Langside. It is said by A. M. Scott, the historian of 
Langside, to be a compound of Latin and Gaelic in connection 
with a cross of elm wood with which it was customaiy in Catholic 
times to maik the boundary of the parish, 

Crownpoixt Egad deiives its name from Crown Point House, 
built here in 1761 by William Alexander, the name being that of 
a famous stronghold on the Canadian frontier which was taken 
from the French by General Ameihst. 

Cumberland Street (Hutchesontow^n) is marked on M'Arthur's 
map, made from actual survey in 1778, as Shields Lone. 

Cumberland Street (Calton) is intersected by Canning Street, 
and was originally known as North and South Cumberland Streets 
respectively. There are no less than four thoroughfares of this 
name in the city, and why the Butcher of Culloden comes to be so 



unduly commemorated is past the comprehension of any patriotic 
Scotsman ; but in the earlier days it was sufficient for those who 
imposed those titles to sink all national feeling in the bigotry and 
superstition of the time, and only to remember that he crushed 
for ever the hopes of a pseudo Roman Catholic in his aspirations 
to the throne. Tolerated somewhat in the same spirit, there 
ramps as the chief ornament at the Ci'oss of our city the bonnet- 
less and sandalled effigy of one whose whole life was permeated 
with holy zeal, yet he lent himself to the carrying out of the 
Massacre of Glencoe and the destruction of the Darien Expedition. 

Dalbeth. This is a Celtic word signifying the field or meadow 
covered with birchwood. 

Dale Street (Bridgeton), named after David Dale, of Lanark 
Mills, See Charlotte Street. 

Dalmarnock Road was the highway to the estate of this name, 
which is said to have been derived from Saint Marnock, who had 
a cell at Kilmarnock; but this is mythical. In 1174 it was 
written Dalmurnech, which is purely Celtic, from two words dael 
and muranach, meaning the meadow or plain abounding in bent 
and iris. 

Dean Street was formed on the lands attached to the Deaneiy. 
Deanside Lane adjoins. 

Delftfield was that part of the Broomielaw Croft which lay 
between Robertson Street and Brown Street. It was named 
after the town of Delft in Holland. A pottery was for many 
years in operation here under the name of the Delftfield Co., 
which had been established in 1749. 

Dempster Street, opened 1792, is only a fragment of its 
oiiginal size, it having originally extended over a great part of 
what is now Love Loan. It was named in honour of George 
Dempster of Dunichen, who was M.P. for the Perth Burghs from 
1761 till 1790. Dempster visited Glasgow in 1787, and as he 
had opposed the repeal of the duty on French cambrics he was 


made the hero of a torchlight procession which was organised by 
the Bridgeton and Anderston weavers. This street when first 
opened was called Botany Bay. Burns alludes to Dempster in his 
epistle to James Smith. 

Dennistoun. This suburb comprises seveiul properties acquired 
iit different times, the first purchase being Golfhill by James 
Dennistoun, who bought it from the trustees of Jonathan 
Anderson in 1814. He built the mansion-house, where he 
resided till he died on 11th October, 1835. His heirs and 
successors continued to purchase adjoining lands up till 1864, 
when the estate m cumulo extended to considerably over 200 
acres, which is now fairly well covered with tenements and villas. 
The Dennistouns have had a long and honourable connection 
with this city, both as Virginia Dons and cotton magnates, and 
politically they followed their heart more than their own interest, 
jind it is well known that they gave more than sympathy to the 
mifortunate Prince of the Forty-five when he honoured Saint 
Mungo with his presence. The Colgrain bi'anch is the recognised 
head of the name, they having a pedigree that goes back beyond 
history when their ancestor gave the place-name to the district 
beyond Finlayston in Renfrewshire. The Maxwells of Stanely 
Castle came into possession of that holding through intermarriage 
with the Dennistouns, it having been granted to Sir Robert de 
Danielston by King Robert the Third on 24th August, 1392. 

Dixon Street, named for William Dixon of Dixon's Blazes. 
He was born at Govan in 1788. His wife, Elizabeth Strang, was 
a sister of the City Chambei'lain. He died in 1862, and was 
succeeded by his son, the late W. S. Dixon. 

Dobbie's Loan is in great part an old Roman oi' military road, 
and was until the beginning of last centuiy a straggling path 
which in the sixteenth or seventeeth century foimed the access 
to the crofts and common pasture on the north-west of the city, 
and apparently had its name from John Dobbie, who owned land 
early in the seventeenth century outside the Stable-Green-Port, 
and members of the Dobbie family continued to hold land in the 
district for a hundred and fifty yeai's afterwards. 


Douglas Street, named for James Douglas of Mains. James 
Campbell, the younger brother of Colin Campbell, the' fifth of 
Blythswood, was left the estate of Mains by his mother's father, 
and he then assumed the name of Douglas. 

DovEHiLL (Great and Little) was originally the Dow Hill, 
which was intended to mean dew hill. In Gaelic it is dhu ov 
black hill. The monkish conveyancers, however, rendered it the 
Hill of Doves. 

Drury Street. Two youths residing here when it was in a 
state of chaos, having got stagestruck through reading about 
Drury Lane Theatre, and wishing to impart as much of a 
theatrical air as possible to their envii-ons, got the name piinted 
and posted on a corner building, w^hei-e it stuck to the wall, and 
has stuck to the locality ever since. 

Drtgate Street is undoubtedly the oldest thoroughfare in the 
city. In Jamieson's histoiy of the Culdees it is stated that the 
Pagans brought the word dry from Germany, as being the name 
by which every Gei-man piiest was called. In ancient times, 
anterior to our ecclesiastical history, a Druidical place of 
worship stood on the site of the present Necropolis, the only 
approach to which must have been the Diygate, hence it was 
designated the priests' road. A mint-house was erected here 
during the reign of Robert the Thii-d. 

Duke Street, opened 1794, is named for the Duke of Montrose,, 
whose lodging overlooked it. Previous to 1801 it extended as 
far west as Balmanno Street, the name being cut deep in the 
east corner tenement. It was at first known as Carntyne Road, 
and is the longest street in any city in the United Kingdom,, 
which came out in the following way : — In the course of a 
controversy in a weekly periodical on this question, a prize being 
ofiered to the person who solved the matter, Oxford Street, 
London, was given and accepted as the longest ; but our respected 
townsman Mr. M. Gemmel, the well-known property agent, had 
reason from his own knowledge to be dissatisfied with the awai-d, 


:in(l he had the street measured, it turning out to be, as he 
expected, considerably longer than Oxford Street. 

DuMBRECK is a corruption of the Gaelic word dunbreac, meaning 
the hill speckled with daisies, otherwise the spotted rising ground 
or ridge where heathei', bracken, and pasture alternated. The 
name at present embraces a large area, but originally applied only 
to Bellahouston Hill, now included in the public park. This in 
the olden time was the property of the Rowans, one of the oldest 
teriitorial families in Govan. The old mansion of Holmfauldhead, 
near Linthouse, and at present (1901) in course of demolition, 
was their last residence in the district. By the way, the late 
Earl of Dufferin's lady is the eldest daughter of the late Archibald 
Rowan Hamilton of Killyleagh Castle, County Down, whose 
grandsire was Archibald Hamilton Rowan, a son of Old Holm- 
fauldhead, as he was called. This Archibald was rather advanced 
in his politics, and went to Ireland, where he became secretary to 
the Society of United Irishmen in 1793, in which year he came 
to Edinburgh, and for challenging the Lord Advocate of Scotland 
to fight a duel had to cut and run. Time toned him down, and 
he behaved better after. 

Duncan Street (Calton), named in honour of Admiral Duncan, 
the hero of Camperdown. 

DuNDAS, Port, named for Sir Laurence Dundas, who cut the 
first sod of the Forth and Clyde Canal on 10th June, 1768, and the 
eastern portion, on his own estate, was the foundation of Grange- 
mouth, of which the Earl of Zetland, his descendant, is the 

DuxcHATTAN STREET is formed on the lands of Dunchattan, of 
which George Macintosh was the proprietor. The name means 
the hill of the Cattanach or Clan Chattan, of which The Macintosh 
was chief. 

DuNLOP Street, opened 1772. Colin Dunlop of Clyde Iron 
Works, who was Provost in 1770, opened this street, and built 
the mansion fronting Argyle Street in 1 750. It is the second 


from the east corner, and is the oldest building in the street. 
George Murdoch, Avho was Provost in 1766, had a residence at the 
corner. It was almost identical with Dunlop's, and latterly was 
for many years occupied as the Buck's Head Hotel. 

Eaglesham Street (Plantation), after the village in Renfrew- 
shii^e of this name, where the paternal ancestors of the present 
proprietor of this estate had been engaged in cotton-spinning, 
they having been proprietors of the factory there in the palmy 
days of the trade. The late John Ramsay of Kildalton, who was 
M.P. for the Falkirk Bui^ghs in 1874, was in his youthful days a 
clerk in this factory when it was being run by Mr. White. 

EglTxNton Street was originally called Marlborough Street, but 
at the opening of the Paisley and Johnstone Canal, of which 
concern the Earl of Eglinton was chairman, the name was 

Finxieston Street was formed on the lands of Stobcross, at 
that time held by John Orr of Barrowfield, who named it 
after a Mr. Finnic, who was a tutor in his family. 

FiRPARK Street formed the northern boundary of what was 
previoush^ known as the Fir Park, now the Necropolis. 

Flemington Street. Part of the lands of Cowlairs, through 
which this street was formed, was known of old as Flemington. 

FoRDXEUK Street, as its name denotes, was the ford in the 
corner over Camlachie Burn. 

Fox Street, named in honour of Charles James Fox, the cele- 
brated statesman. 

Franklin Street, named in honour of the American Benjamin, 
who was at once statesman, scientist, and philosopher. 

Eraser Street, named for D. D. Eraser, a well-known clothier 
in the east end of the city, who speculated extensively in 


Frederick Street, opened 1787, was named for the Duke of 

French Street. It was at first called Papillon Street, after 
Pieri'e Jacques Papillon, who was brought from Rouen in France 
in 1785 by George Macintosh to superintend a Turkey-red dyeing 
estabHshment, which latterly assumed such large dimensions in 
the hands of Henry Monteith & Co. 

Gairbraid Street was formed on the lands of this name, which 
was the patiimonial estate of Miss Mary Hill. 

Gallowgate Street was formed through the Gallow Muir, 
which was outwith the Gallowgate Port, near St. Mungo's Lane. 

Gardner Street (off Dumbarton Road) was formed on the 
lands of IMuirpark, which had been acquired by Mr. Gardnei', 
ftesher, Partick. 

Garscadden Street, after the estate of this name in the parish 
of New Kilpatrick and county of Dumbarton. 

Garscube Road, named for the estate on the bank of the 
Kelvin, in the parish of New Kilpatrick, and about four miles 
from Glasgow. It is the seat of Sir George Campbell, Bart, of 

Garthland Street, opened 1793. William Macdowal of Garth- 
land, having bought the Shawfield mansion, formed this street in 
the garden which w^as behind. It extended to the Back Cow 
Lone, now Ingram Street. 

George Square, opened 1787, and named in honour of King 
George the Thii-d, of whom it was intended to have a statue in 
the centre. The public were incensed when it was enclosed, and 
drew down the railing several times. 

George Street, east from George Square, was opened in 1792, 
and is named for King George the Third, its extension westward 
being called West George Sti-eet. 


Germiston Street, after the lands of that name, which are on 
the north side of the Monkland Canal, east of Saint Rollox. 

Gibson Street (Hillhead), named for John Gibson, the superior. 
It had previously been called King Street. 

Gibson Street (off Gallowgate Street) is named for James 
Gibson, a joiner, who feued the ground and formed the street. 

Gilmorehill, whereon sits the College. The first part of the 
name is purely Celtic, the latter English, and means the servant 
of Mary's (Saint Mary) hill. 

Girgenti is the rather foreign-sounding title of the small estate 
which has been acquired for the isolation of habitual inebriates. 
Timothy Pont, at page 61 of his " Cunningham," mentions, in 
relation to it, that a small section of the Barony of Bonshaw was 
acquu-ed by a Captain John Cheape of the army, who resided on 
it during the last 20 years of his life. This obscm^e little farm 
had been previously known by the name of Muirhead ; but the 
new owner changed the name to Girgenti, in compliment to the 
town of that name in the island of Sicily, to which place in his 
former peregrinations he mayhap had found cause to form an 
attachment. He resided here from 1829 till his death, which 
occurred in the spring of 1850. The property consisted of about 
50 Scotch acres. He built a new mansion-house and expended 
iibout ^6000 on a property the original cost of which was £1350. 

Glassford Street, opened 1793, is formed on the site of Henry 
Glassford of Dougalston's garden. The Shawfield Mansion was its 
southern boundary, the eastern wing of which is still there, though 
considerably altered; and the writer lemembers seeing, pre- 
vious to the last alteration, the hooks in the wall whereon had 
hung the old garden gate. Since the foregoing was written, the 
remaining remnant of the old mansion has been swept away, the 
site having been acquired for a bank. 

Glebe Street, as its name denotes, was formed on church lands. 


GoosEDUBBS Street originally extended from Stockwell Stieet 
to the Old Wynd, but railway extension has curtailed it. The name 
originated from the geese belonging to Provost Aird, who resided 
in Aird's Lane, which adjoins, disporting in the dubbs or puddles 
in the street. 

GoRBALS. Garbales is an old term in Scotch law meaning 
teinds, which may be the oiigin of the name. The Magistrates 
and Council bought the lands of Brigend or Gorbals from Sir 
Robert Douglas of Blaickerston in 1647 for £81,333 6s. 8d. 
Scots — the half for Hutchesons' Hospital, and the other half 
between the City and the Trades' House. This purchase included 
Kingston, Tradeston, Laurieston, and Hutchesontown, bounded 
on the south by Sti'athbungo. 

Gordon Street, opened 1802, was formed on ground belonging 
to ]Mr. Gordon of Stirling, Gordon & Co. They were extensive 
merchants. The family are now represented by Henry Erskine 
Gordon of Aikenhead. 

GovAN. Chalmers, in his " Caledonia," says the name is a 
modifictition of a Gaelic word gamhau, pronounced gavan, and 
signifying a ditch. Leslie, a historian, thinks it comes from two 
Saxon words, god and tviii, signifying good wine; but this is 
too far fetched, as the burgh never had much to do with wine, so 
that the fiist is the more likely origin. 

Grace Street is formed on the lands of Stobcross, and is 
named in memory of the youngest daughter of John Geddes of 
Yerreville Pottery, she ha^'ing been burned to death one night 
when dressing for a ball. 

Gr^me Street (oflf High Street) was named after Robert 
Graeme, a former Sheriff- Substitute. 

Grahamston, a district in Anderston, on the north side of Argyle 
Street, was named for John Graham of Dougalston, who died in 


GuiLDRY Court (ofi' Bridgegate Street) is immediately behind 
the site of the Old Merchants' House, which was begun to be 
built in 1651, but the steeple was not finished till 1663. It is 
still in existence, but the grand old hall was taken down many- 
years since. The Merchants' House Corporation returns five of 
the nine members who constitute the Dean of Guild Court, in- 
cluding the President or Lord Dean. 

Hallside Street, after the estate of this name, which is in the 
parish of Cambuslang, and is distant about seven miles from 

Hamilton Street (Great), opened 1813, and named for John 
Hamilton of North Park, who was Chief Magistrate. It had 
previously been a footpath known as The Pleasants, and was inter- 
spersed with self-contained houses, which had gardens back and 
front. It was at that time nine or ten feet above its present 
level, and culminated in a hillock about fifteen feet high near its 
eastern extremity, where stood the toll-house. The Green 
reached in at this point with a clump of trees, whose branches 
overhung the roadway till within the last fifty years. The street 
ends a few yards east of this, where a small burn or gott crosses it, 
and this burn was of old the dividing line between the City and the 
burgh of Calton. 

Hamilton Street (Little), opened 1791. This street had 
previously been known as the Beggars' Bow. 

Hangingshaw, a place where people were executed. Aitken- 
head Road and Prospecthill Boad converge upon and cross each 
other in this district, and both of them, previous to assuming 
their present titles, were known as the Hangingshaw Boad. 

Hangman's Houses. This was a row of small dwelling-houses, 
which stood on the north-east boundary of the ground pertaining 
to the College, on the line of Drygate Street. They are marked 
on a map printed in 1775. The last of the professionals who 
resided there was known as Hanging Wattie. Tam Young, who 
died in 1835, was the last of the stock executioners, and " Senex" 


mentions that his family, ashamed of the odium attached to the 
calling, went into a far country and sank out of sight. Tliey did 
not do an}i}hing of the kind. Tarn's son and name-beaier, who 
was well known to the wiiter, followed a professional occupation in 
this city till the day of his death, which took place several years ago, 

Hanover Street, opened 1787, and is named for the Electoi- of 
Hanover. This title was borne by the kings of Biitain from the 
time of King Geoi-ge the First till the death of William the 
Fourth, when, in vii'tue of the Salic law, it passed by inheritance 
to Ernest, Duke of Cumberland. This thoroughfare had previously 
been called David Sti-eet. 

Harvey Street (off Paisley Road), from the Christian name of 
Harvey Brand, who was proprietor of the ground on which it was 

Harvey Street (Port-Dundas), after Thomas Harvey, who 
was originally a cartel- ; but he ultimately became proprietor of 
several licensed shops, where he sold meal and whisky, and 
amassing considerable wealth, he built a distillery in this street, 
and became proprietor of the lands of Westthorne, which abut 
upon the banks of the Clyde near Belvidere, where he resided. 
To secure complete privacy in his domain, he tried to stop the 
light-of-way by the river bank, and built a high wall close down 
to the water. The public threw it down, only to be rebuilt, this 
time surmounted with a cheveitx cle frise and a watch- to wei-. A 
gang from Biidgeton, assisted b}^ some miners, blew up the greater 
part of the little fort with gunpowder. The military latterly had 
a skirmish in the affiiir. Meantime Harvey's shops weie 
boycotted. The matter was fought in the Court of Session, 
culminating in the House of Lords in favour of the public, which 
spelled ruin for Tam Harvey of Harvey's Dyke. 

Harvie Street (off Dalmarnock Road), named for Douglas 
Harvie, sometime a contractor there. 

Havannah Street, opened 1763, and named by Gavin 
Williamson in honour of the caj^ture of the capital of Culm. He 


had been with the naval contingent, and with his prize-money 
hnilt the fii'st tenement in it. This thoroughfare has been 
swallowed up in extending the College Railway Station. 

High Street, opened in 1100. Tt led to the highest part of 
the town, but it was of little account until the University was 
erected in it. 

HiLLHEAB. Andrew Gibson had been tenant of these lands 
conjointly with those of Byres of Partick up till June 1702, when 
he became proprietor, his forbears having been rentallers of the 
same for a considerable period prior to his succession. The same 
family were also proprietors about this time of the estates of 
Overnewton and Balshagrie, and as showing the state of society 
in the good old days, we find it on record that John Gibson of 
Hillhead is outlawed for non-appearance at the Court of Paisley 
in 1687 to answer a charge of robbing an orchard at Whyteford, 
and. in company with others, committing an outrage upon the 
proprietor, Mr. Kibble, who was ancestor of the Kibbles of 
Greenlaw. Another member of the same family w^as a sort of 
Greirson of Lagg in regard to the Covenanters who came under 
his ban while holding the office of Chief Magistrate. 

Holm Street foi-med the southern boundary of the holm or 
hollow called Blythswood Holm. 

Hope Street, v/hen first opened, was called Copenhagen Street. 

Hospital Street is formed upon the site of St. Ninian's Leper 
Hospital, founded by Lady Lochow in 1350. 

HouLDSWORTH Street is named after Henry Houldsworth. He 
came from Nottingham towards the end of the eighteenth century 
to manage a cotton-spinning factory which stood on the banks of 
the Kelvin. His success was phenomenal, as by the beginning of 
last century he was running on his own account a large factory 
in Cheapside Street and also a machine shop in John Street 
(City), where he was the first to make cotton-spinning machinery 
in Scotland. On the decay of the cotton trade he merged into 


that of iron, by starting the Anderston Foundry ; and the family 
are now represented by the Houldsworths of Coltness, which 
estate they purchased in 1836. 

Howard Street (City), opened 1798, and named after the 
famous philanthropist. Tiiis street was in gi-eat part formed upon 
the line of the old rope walk, which extended at one time from 
Ropework Lane to Oswald Street. The eastern part of the 
street from Maxwell Street to Stockwell Street is called East 
Howard Street, and it occupies to a considerable extent the grave- 
yard of the old Town's Hospital, which stood a few yards east of 
Saint Andrew's Roman Catholic Cathedral. 

HoziER Street (Biidgeton) was named for James Hozier of 
Mauldslie, who was Superior of the Barrowfield estate. The name 
was originally M'llhose. His grandfathei' was a maltman in 
Gallowgate Street, and built the tenement at the south-west corner 
of Candleriggs Street. The family are now represented by Lord 

HuTCHESOx Street, opened 1790, occupies the site of the first 
Hutch esons' Hospital. George Hutcheson, the founder, was born 
sometime between 1550 and 1560. He was joined in the work by 
his brother Thomas. Their father was Thomas Hutcheson of 
Lambhill. George was a lawyer and money-lender. His office 
and house were on the north side of Trongate Street, near the site 
of the Tontine. In 1611 he built a house in Partick on the banks 
of the Kelvin. He died in 1639. 

Hyde Park Street was foinied through the demesne of Hyde 
Park, whereon were a mansion-house, a tan-yard, and its adjuncts. 

Ibrox is both British and Gaelic, and is said by a local historian 
to mean the haunt of the badger (brock, Gaelic hruic, a badger). 
Another savant thinks that the name may have come from a 
rentaller, Broc — this name, and Brokas, both occurring in the 
rental book of the Diocesan Registers. In a charter dated 1580 
the name is written Ibrokes. 


Ingram Street, opened 1781, is named for Archibald Ingram, 
who had been Provost in 1762. It was previously known as the 
Back Cow Lone. 

Jackson Street (from Stockwell Street to Dunlop Street) was 
formed by Mr. Jackson, who built the first theatre in Dunlop 
Street in 1782. This thoroughfare is now swallowed up in the 
G. & S.-W. Railway Station. 

Jamaica Street, opened 1763. This was about the height of 
the rum and sugar trade, hence the name. 

James Watt Street, in honour of James Watt, the inventor 
of the steam engine. It had previously been known as Delftfield 
Lane. An old mansion which stood here till 1849 was known as 
Watt's House. It was said to have been utilised by him as a 
workshop for several years. A sketch of this house is given in 
Simpson's " Glasgow in the Forties." 

Janefield Street was formed on the lands of that name, which 
had been acquired by Robert M'lSTair, grocer in King Street 
(City), and named for his wife, her maiden sobriquet being Jean 
Holmes. The place has since then been converted into a burying- 
ground — the Eastern Cemetery. 

John Street (City) was named for several municipal magnates 
at that time (1785) in office ; therefore it should have been Johns' 


John Street (Bridgeton), named for John Walkinshaw, third 
of Barrowfield. 

Keir Street, named for the patrimonial estate of the Stirlings, 
who were the successors of the Maxwells of Pollok. 

Kelvin, the wooded river. 

Kent Street, opened 1802, and named for the Duke of Kent, 
father of our late beloved Queen. It is formed on part of the 


Round Croft, which belonged to Mr. Struthers, the brewer. He, 
like another townsman, had a penchant for English names, and 
styled the other street on the croft Sufiblk Street. 

KiLLERMONT Street, after the lands of this name, on the banks 
of the Kelvin, in the parish of New Kilpatrick, about four miles 
from the city. 

King Street (City) and King Street (Calton) were both 
called New Street till early in last century. 

Kingston consists of the western portion of the lands pur- 
chased by the Magistrates and Council from Sir Robert Douglas 
in 1647. They extended from West Street to Kinning House 
Burn, and from the River Clyde to the lands of Shields. 

Kingston Dock, authorised by Parliamentary Acts of 1840-46, 
was not completed till 1867. It was formed on the lands of 
Springfield, which had previously been occupied by the cotton- 
.spinning factory of Todd & Higginbotham. 

Kinning Park. This burgh was formed on the lands of the 
name. The mansion of the estate (Kinning House) stood till 
within the last thirty years a few yards east of Kinning Place, on 
Paisley Road. The name is said by a local historian to signify 
"rabbit park," but this is a misnomer. The true derivation is 
from cunyie or cunnyng, a corner. As shown in old maps, 
Cunnyng Park was a field formed into an angle by the intersection 
of the burn and the road. 

Kirk Street (Townhead), opened 1 1 24, or earlier. A distillery 
was ill operation here in 1786, carried on by William Menzies, 
who was the first in the West of Scotland to have an entered 
still, his license being the fourth in Scotland, the duty at that 
time being about one penny per gallon, and the best malt spirits 
were sold for three shillings per gallon. The name of this street 
has disappeared in the march of improvement. It was formerly 
the westei'ii boundary of Cathedi'al Square, being a continuation 
of High Street till it joined Castle Street. 


Ladywell Street. The name originates from a well, which is 
in a niche in the wall on the north side of the street, which is 
bounded by the Necropolis ; and it having contaminated the water, 
the well, which is in the form of an urn, was closed some years 

Lambhill Street (Plantation) was so called out of compliment 
to the late William Graham of Lambhill, he having been one of 
the trustees of Mr. Maclean, proprietor of the estate. 

Lancefield Street was formed on the lands of this name, which 
were acquired early in the last centmy by David Napier, the 
father of iron shipbuilding and marine engineering on the Clyde. 

Landressy Street should be Landres Street, after a small 
village in France, from whence came one of the Turkey-red 
operatives, who built the first house in this street. It was the 
division between the lands of Burn Nook and Silver Grove. 

Langside is rich in historic names. Battlefield and Battlefield 
Road are there to commemorate the struggle which quenched in 
blood the hopes of Scotland's beauteous but unfortunate Queen. 
The memory of her secretary, Maitland of Lethington, is revived 
in Maitland and Lethington Avenues, and that of Lord Claud 
Hamilton, the commander of her forces on that inauspicious day, 
in Hamilton Avenue. The four Maries, as the old song runs — 

There was Marie Beaton, 

And Marie Seyton, 

And Marie Carmichael and me 

— are each brought to mind in Beaton Road, Seyton Aveiuie, 
Carmichael Road, and Queen Mary Terrace, with Queen Mary 
Avenue in Crossbill. 

Laurieston. This is a district on the south side of the rivei-, 
which was feued from the trustees of Hutchesons' Hospital about 
the beginning of last century by James Laurie, son of David 
Laurie, timber merchant, Jamaica Street. It was bounded on 
the west by Bridge Street and Eglinton Street, on the east by 



Buchan Street and Portugal Street, on the south by Cavendish 
Street, extending north to Carlton Place, at the river side. Mr. 
Laurie had a penchant for high-sounding English names, and in 
laying off the lands gave us Bedford, Cavendish, Cumberland, 
Norfolk, Oxford, Portland, Salisbury, and Warwick Streets. These 
cognomens have remained, but Bridge Street, which he had named 
Bloomsbury, has got a more suitable title. 

London Street was foimed by the Corporation. It cut through 
a densely-populated locality. The foundation-stone of the first 
tenement in it was laid Avith Masonic honours on 30th April, 
1824. It was originally intended to carry this street eastward in 
front of Monteith Row and through the lands of Greenhead to 
join London Road at what is now called Bridgeton Cross. This, 
it was considered, would have been a more convenient route for 
the stage coaches from London to enter the town than via 
Gallowgate ; but the advent of railways and opposition of pro- 
piietors caused the scheme to be abandoned, and the street 
i-emains with an awkward twist at its eastern extremity. 

MaCx\lpine Street, opened in 1800, was formed on the bleach- 
field of Brown, Carrick & Co., and named for a junior partner. 

Macfarlane Street, opened 1815, is named for Alexander 
Macfarlane of Jamaica, who founded the observatory which 
formerly stood on the summit of the Dowhill, which is now 
occupied by a railway company. 

Macintosh Street was formed on the lands of Dunchattan, 
which had been acquired by George Macintosh about the beginning 
of last century. He was proprietor of the Cudbear Works in 
Duke Street, and the original partner of the Hurlet and Campsie 
Alum Co. He was also associated with the St. Rollox Chemical 
AVorks when the fiim was Macintosh, Tennant & Co. His son 
Charles was the inventor of the waterproof coat. 

Maclean Street (Plantation), named for William Maclean, 
who acquired this estate in 1828. 


Macphail Street, after Dugald Macphail, who was an extensive 
cotton-spinner, and proprietor of several factories. His mansion, 
which fronts the Green in Greenhead Street, is now occupied as 
the Buchanan Institute. 

Macpherson Street was formed on ground belonging to John 
Macpherson of Blantyre Farm, whose coat-of-arms is emblazoned 
till this day on the tenement at the south corner fronting High 
Street. Saint Thomas Chapel stood at the eastern end of this 
street in the olden time. 

Main Street (Anderston) was called High Street previous to 

Main Street (Gorbals) was called High Street up till the begin- 
ning of last century. 

Mains Street, for the estate of Mains, which came to the 
Campbells of Bljrthswood through intermarriage with a Douglas of 
Mains on the female side. About 1844 the name of this street 
was altered to Minto Street, but it soon reverted to its old 


Mair Street (Plantation), after John Mair, a former proprietoi- 

of this estate. 

Malta Street. This little street, 'which formed the east end of 
Norfolk Street and led into Main Street, has disappeared in the 
march of improvement. It was at first called Malt Street, from 
the circumstance that from time immemorial it liad been inhabited 
by maltmen, who made malt and brew^ed ale. 

Maryhill was named for Mary Hill, proprietrix of the estate 
of Gairbraid. She, with the consent of her husband, Robert 
Graham, feued a plot of ground on 21st July 1793 to Robert 
Craig, grocer, one of the conditions of the feu contract being that 
the plot w^as in all time coming to be known as Maryhill. This 
was the foundation of the burgh. 


Mason Street was originally the site of the manse of the 
Rector of Renfrew. It was acquired in 1598 by John Rankene, 
a mason ; he named it after his trade. 

Mauldslte Street is named for the residential estate of Lord 
Newlands, whose ancestor, James Hozier, was superior of the 

Maxwell Street, opened 1771. The ground upon which it is 
formed belonged to John Maxwell of Fingalton, from whom it was 
bought by Stephen Maxwell of Morriston, who was an extensive 
coppersmith. He was also chief partner in the Merchant Bank, 
the office of which was in this street, and it was he who named it. 

Merchants' Lane is the eastern boundary of what was the old 
INIerchants' House property. 

Merryflats, rather a strange title for a poorhovise. It was 
originally the muiry or miry flats. In the commissariot of Go van 
John Rowand or Rowane is mentioned as proprietor of Merrie- 

Miller Street, opened 1760 by Mr. Miller of Westerton, whose 
property it was carried through. 

Mitchell Street derived the name from a Mr. Mitchell, who 
had a distillery in it. 

Molendinar Burn was in ancient times called the Gyrth or 
boundaiy burn. 

Monteith Row. In 1819 lining was granted for the erection 
of a terrace south of and parallel to Great Hamilton Street, to front 
the Green, and to be named in honour of Henry Monteith, who w^as 
at that time Provost of the City. He was one of the Turkey-red 
magnates and the founder of the Carstairs family. John 
Mathieson, who was manager to Henry Monteith & Co., built the 
first tenement in the Row. The Carstairs estate passed lately into 
tlie possession of ex-Lord Provost Sir James King. 


MoNTEiTH Street (Bridgeton) is also named foi- Heniy 

Montrose Street, opened in 1787, was named for the Duke. 
This is one of the steepest streets in the City, and the writer's 
paternal parent, while attending an educational establishment in 
it during the early years of last century, was in the habit during 
the course of a severe winter of tobogganing down the slope in 
company with his schoolmates. One day, while half a dozen of the 
little wretches were careering down on their temporary sleigh, the 
boy in front got skeered, and at this moment Dr. Rankin, of the 
Ram's Horn Church, which is in the vicinity, came stepping out of 
Richmond Street, halfway down the slope, carefully watching his 
footing on the ice-bound street and all unweeting of the 
avalanche behind. It was on him in an instant, and in rushing 
past, one of the boys, in desperation, grabbed the reverend gentle- 
man's nether limb, with disastrous results. Instantly his heels were 
in the air ; hat, cane, and spectacles — where, oh, where ! He w^as 
virtually a wreck, and never thoroughly recovered the shock, dying 
not long after in February 1827, in ignorance of the author of his 
unfortunate coup. Montrose is perhaps unduly commemorated in 
having two streets named for him, but as he is the only Duke on 
record that had a residence of his own in town, he is perhaps 
entitled to the extra recognition, as even at the present day the 
patent nobility seem to eschew this city, every titled personage 
having a residence in it, with three exceptions, having acquired 
their honours from civic services. 

MoRDAUNT Street, for Lady Mordaunt, who gained considerable 
notoriety some years since. 

Mount Florida was at first called Mount Floiidon. Advei- 
tisements anent these lands can be seen in files of the Glasgow 
Herald of seventy years ago. 

Mount Vernon was named after a tobacco plantation in 

MuiRHEAD Street (Gorbals) was named for Robert Muirhead,. 


who was a Bailie in the town in 1798. It w^as, however, for many 
years better know^n as Wai-ni Water Street, from a flow of waste 
liot w^ater that came from a factory and ran dowai the side of the 
street into the river. 

MuiRPARK Street was formed on the lands of this name, which 
]iad been acquired by Mr. Gardner, flesher, Partick. 

Xapiershall Street was formed on land belonging to Thomas 
Xnpier, wlio was a watchmaker in Glasgow in 1763. 

Xelsox Street (City), opened 1797, was named in honour of 
Lord Xelson. 

Xewhall Street was formed on the lands of Newhall, which 
were oi-iginally possessed by Mr. Allan. 

XiCHOLAS Street w\as formed on the site of St. Nicholas 
Hospital, which was founded in 1450. 

XoRFOLK Street. See Laurieston. 

North Street (Anderston) was formerly known as the Lang- 

Xuxeaton Street w^as formed on the property of the late 
George Wilson, coalmaster, and his widow, who had gone to reside 
in Nuneaton, Warwickshire, thought so much of it that she named 
the new street for it. The name comes from a nunnery founded 
by Robert, Earl of Leicester. 

Orr Street is named for the superior who succeeded John 
Walkinshaw in the Baii'owfield estate. 

Oswald Street (City), opened 1817, is named for James Oswald 
of Shieldhall. He and James Ewing of Strathleven represented the 
City in Parliament after the Reform Bill of 1832. It was the 
western boundary of this gentleman's property, which extended 
eastward to Stockwell Street, and the rope w^alk, which was in 


operation till Avell on in last cent my, reached the entire length, 
crossing Jamaica Sti-eet in an ovei-head gallery. 

Oswald Street (Bridgeton) was formed on ground pertaining to 
Barrowfield Spinning Factory, which was owned by the same 
gentleman, who is deservedly commemorated by a statue at the 
north-east corner of George Square. 

Oswald Street (Whiteinch) and the lands of Scotstoun belong 
to another branch of the same family. 

Oxford Street. See Laurieston. 

Overnewton Street is formed on the lands of that name, which 
was the patrimonial estate of Walter Gibson, who was Provost of 
the town in 1688. 

Partick, of old Perdyec, from the Gaelic aper dim ec, meaning 
the place at the confluence or mouth of the dark river. 

Peel Street, named in honour of Sir Robert Peel, who passed 
the Reform Bill of 1832. From his name originated the title of 
" peeler," as applied to the police ; and from the interest he took in 
the cause of Orangeism, the irrepressible Dan frequently prefaced 
his attacks upon him in Parliament by addressing him as his 
friend *' orange peel." 

Phcenix Park is formed on the site of the Phcenix Foundry, 
which was carried on for many years by Thomas Edington & Sons. 

Piccadilly Street, after the thoi'oughfare of that name in 
London, which got its title from a tailor named Higgins, who had 
introduced piccadille, a French term for a kind of trimming set 
round the edge of a garment, by which he made a fortune. 

Pitt Street, named in honour of William Pitt, the celebrated 

Plantation. These lands are composed of several smallei- 


properties conjoined, the largest of which was Craigiehall, and this 
was the name it was known by till 1783, when John Robertson, 
who had sugar and cotton plantations in the West Indies, became 
proprietor and changed the name to Plantation. In 1793 John 
Mair, a native of Paisley, became proprietor. He had been a 
builder, and while repairing a steeple there slipped and fell a con- 
siderable distance, only saving his life by catching hold of a 
projecting stone. He then gave up the building trade and 
commenced the manufacture of muslin, in which he was so 
successful that he ultimately made sufficient money to purchase 
this estate ; and in the garden attached to the house he built a 
stone seat, mounted with pinnacles overhead, to represent the 
Paisley steeple, and he used to sit there and ponder on his fall, 
which he said had been the cause of his rise. He died in 1824. 
Plantation was next held by William Maclean, who got possession 
in 1828. He died in 1867, and his son Joseph, who succeeded him, 
laid off the lands for feuing, he removing to the adjoining cottage 
of Haughead, where he had Mr. Mair's seat and appendages re- 
erected. This property having been acquired by the Clyde 
Trustees, Mr. Maclean was once more on the move, and having 
built a spacious villa on the neighbouring estate of Dumbreck he 
bestowed on it the title of Craigiehall, and here he resided till his 
death, which occurred some years since. 

Playfair Street is formed on part of the lands of Dalmarnock, 
and here for many years a family of that name resided in a mansion 
near the bridge. 

PoLLOKSHiELDS, Wester SHIELDS, Shieldhall, and Shieldmuir 
are all from a word signifying a bield or place of shelter. 

PoLLOK Street is named for the estate on which it stands. It 
is the widest street in the City, and was originally designed to be 
continued over the railway to Saint Andrew's Road, Pollokshields. 

PoLMADiE, although close to the City, was, from its peculiar 
position, comparatively little known until within the last few years, 
hence arose the saying, " Got o' the woil', and into Pomadee." The 
name is derived from two Gaelic words signifying the stream oi- 


pool haunted by wolves; and doubtless in the olden time 
quadrupeds of this description were plentiful in the locale. Pre- 
vious to 1249 an hospital was erected here for the maintenance of 
the old people of both sexes. 

Portland Street, opened 1802, was named in honour of the 
Duke of Portland, then a leading Cabinet Minister. 

Preston Street (off London Eoad) was named for John 
Preston, who had a rope walk here during the greater part of last 

Princes Street (from Saltmarket Street to King Street), 
opened 1724, has disappeared through the operations of the City 
Improvement Trust, It had previously existed as a thoroughfare 
known as Gibson's Wynd, after Walter Gibson, who was Provost 
in 1688. He was the eldest son of John Gibson of Overnewton, and 
was widely known as a bitter persecutor of the Covenanters. 

Queen Street, opened 1777, is named for Queen Charlotte. It 
was formed on the property of Mr. M*Call, a zealous loyalist. It 
was previously known as the Cow Lone. 

Queen Mary Street (oflf London Road) is contiguous to the 
site of Barrowfield House, where the legend, common to nearly 
every old mansion in the country, is that the Queen spent a night 
in it, hence the name. 

Renfield Street and Renfrew Street. Campbell of Bl}i;hs- 
wood's estate, near Renfrew, was called Renfield, and on his 
residential property he bestowed the name of his much more 
valuable Glasgow holding; but to make amends he named 
two of his new streets in the city Renfield and Renfrew respec- 

Richard Street is named for the son of "William Gillespie of 
Wellfield, whose mansion stood on the west side of North Street 
till within the last three years. 


Robertson Street is on the Broomielaw Croft, a portion of 
which had been acquired by the Smithfield Company, founded in 
1734, and of which Mr. Robertson of Plantation was managing- 
partner. It was, when first opened, called Madeira Street. 

RoTTENROVV STREET. Tliis tliorouglifare comes next to the 
Drygate in point of age, and it must have been a place of import- 
ance in the olden time, for at its eastern end, at the intersection of 
High Street and Drygate Street, stood the Cross of the town ; in 
proof of which it is recorded in the protocols of the city that on 
11th October 1575 James Rankin is "fund in the wrang and 
amerciament of the Coui-t for the taking down at his ain hand of 
ane great croce in Rattonraw^ pertaining to the town, and therefore 
he is becoming in the Provost and Bailies will and dwme given 
thereupon." Mr. Ren wick, Depute Town Clerk, who has edited the 
protocols up to date, seems to doubt that this was the Town Cross, 
from the fact that it was not supported by historical evidence. 
(In regard to the historical argument, see Bridgeton.) Had this 
been a holy cross to the memory of a saint or bishop, the indict- 
ment would have mentioned it, and the dignitaries of the Church 
would most likely have taken the punishment in hand, or at least 
have had a say in it, but the Church is silent, and the Cross is 
clearly stated to belong to the town, and, standing in the position it 
did, points almost indubitably to it being the Town Cross. As to 
the origin or meaning of the name Rottenrow, papers innumerable 
on this subject have been written, and the most commonly accepted 
finding is that it arises from Routine Row, a mixture of French 
and English ; but this is too far-fetched. The word at present is 
mis-spelled, and it was the first part of the name (rotten) that 
upset theorists. Rottenrow Street is a misnomer ; it was not at 
first called Rottenrow Street, but the Ratton Raw, as it still is 
denominated by the older generation of plain-speaking Scotch 
people, Row by this class being invariably pronounced Raw ; and 
the original meaning of the w^ord Ratton or Rattoun having been 
forgot, it easily became altered to Rotten, and it was this which 
bred so many " rotten " theories respecting tlie name. In a book of 
Scottish Pasquils of date 1568-1715, it occurs in the Bannatyne 
MS., and was published by James Maidment, advocate, Edinburgh, 
in 1868 for the first time. A ballad in this volume, entitled 


"Woman's Truth," contains the word "rattoun," as applied to and 
meaning a woman. In Balzac's "Harlot's Progress" (J. M. 
Dent & Co.'s 1896 edition), at page 14, the word "rat" is used in 
alluding to a young woman. It may have been a slang term some- 
what similar to the word "maul," which is in common use in 
designating their sweethearts by the lower order of youths in this 
city at the present day. Slang as a rule only lives for a season, but 
there are exceptions, a]id in this case it is quite evident that in 
these far-back days "rat," "ratton," " rattoun," be they slang or 
not, were terms signifying and applied to young women. This, I 
think, clearly establishes the fact that the Ilattoun Row was the 
woman's row or ladies' mile of that period, and there are good 
reasons to support this theory, from the fact that in its pristine days 
the Eow occupied the best natural position in the township. Being 
situated on the ridge of a hill, with a southern exposure, which 
guaranteed a dry site for dwellings, and with the gardens of the 
Deanery spread out on the slope below, it certainly was the most 
attractive street in the town, and as such would naturally become 
the favourite parade of the ladies, hence the name. In fact, the 
thoroughfare retained its favourable character up till within the 
last seventy or eighty years, when the residenters were in the habit 
of letting their houses as summer quarters, advertisements anent 
which can be seen in old files of the Glasgow Herald. Tlie 
University commenced its career in a small building in this street 
in 1454, and this also might be adduced as another proof in favour 
of the locality. 

RuCHiLL, originally Roughill, was in the seventeenth century 
the property of the Peadies, who were at that time a leading- 
family in Glasgow, but has since then been held successively by 
the Dreghorn, Dennistoun, and Dundas families. From the last 
it was acquired by purchase early in last century by the late James 
Davidson ; but he, having built a residence at Wemyss Bay, 
resided mostly there, and Ruchill House was long tenanted by 
the late J. H.- Young, a well-known manufacturer in the city. 
In 1893 the Corporation purchased for a public park, from the 
trustees of Mr. Davidson, 53 acres of the demesne at the price of 
=£29,176 5s., on part of which they have since built an extensive 


RuMFORD Street is named in honour of Count Rumford. His 
name was Benjamin Thomson, and he got the title eonferied upon 
him by the Elector Palatine. He was a philosopher of the 
Franklin School. 

Saixt Andrew Square, opened 1787. It for a time was the 
most fashionable part of the town. The roof of the poitico of 
Saint Andrew's Church, which stands in the centre, contains the 
first example in Scotland of what is known in architecture as the 
flat arch, and it was looked upon as a marvel at the time. 

Saint Andrew Street, opened 1771. 

Saint Enoch Square was opened in 1782, the first church 
and the present steeple having been erected two years prior. 
The church having become unsuitable, it was taken down in 1827 
and the present one erected. The name comes from Saint 
Thanew, whose cell was on the site of the Tron Church in 
Trongate Street ; and, despite statements to the contrary, there is 
no proof of any building for religious purposes having occupied 
the square previous to that of 1780. But anterior to the anni- 
hilation of all landmarks in the locality by the operations of the 
G. (fe S.-W. Railway Co., there was on the east side of Saint Enoch 
Lane, about midway between Argyle Street and Howard Street, 
a very old building of three storeys, with crow -stepped gables and 
small square windows, which apparently had never been glazed ; 
but all of them on the street and first flat had at some time been 
fitted with iron bars. The walls were thick, and the floor, which 
had been flagged, was about three feet below street level. This 
building, when erected, had apparently faced the east, as there 
was a built-up arched doorway that had been garnished with 
pilasters in the back wall, which fronted a small yard that 
intervened between it and a tenement in Saint Enoch Wynd. It 
had all the appearance of having been a conventual or monastic 
institute, and from this fact, and its contiguity to the square, may 
have arisen the statement as to the existence of a previous church ; 
and the only reason that can be ascribed for this ancient mass of 
stone and lime having been overlooked by local archaeologists is 
from the fact that it was the back of the building which fronted 


the lane, the front, which presented its only striking architectural 
features, being shut out from public view. 

Saint Mungo Stree'L' (off Gallowgate Street) is nearly opposite 
the Dovehill, where in ancient times stood the chapel and yard of 
Little Saint Mungo, which was endowed by David Cunningham, 
Arch-Deacon of Argyle in 1500. 

Saint Ninian Street is formed upon Saint Ninian's Croft. 

Saint Rollox is a corruption of Saint Roche. The chapel of 
Saint Roche, the Confessor, stood on the common moor, on the 
north side of the city, near the place now known as Saint RoUox. 
In the Burgh Records, under date of 22nd May 1647, the Dean 
of Guild is ordained to visit Saint Rollok's Kirkyard, and to set 
up the " merche stanes." 

Saint Vincent Street, to commemorate the victory of Sir 
John Jervis, on February 15th, 1797, off Cape Saint Vincent. 

Sai<tmarket Street, opened in 1100. It was then known as 
Walcargate, deriving this name from being the residing place of a 
colony of cloth waulkers or fullers. About 1650 the name was 
changed, when it became the market for salt. 

Saracen Street was formed on part of the lands of Possil, 
which had been acquired by Walter Macfarlane & Co., of the 
Saracen Foundry, for their works, which had originally been in 
Saracen Lane, which formed the eastern boundary of the old 
Saracen Inn, which fronted Gallowgate Street. The building is 
still in existence, and it was in it that Dr. Johnson, on his return 
from his Highland tour, rejoiced to find himself sitting once more 
in front of a coal fire. 

Sauciiieiiall Street derives its name from being formed on a 
haugh or meadow where saugh trees grew. It is a corruption of 
the Scotch word "sauchiehaugh," and is quite apart from its 
meaning. The provost or flesher's haugh in Glasgow Green might 
as well be called the provost's hall, which would be absurd, as hall. 


in the common acceptance of the term, means a dwellmg. This 
anghcising of Scotch words by ignorant and conceited persons is 
veiy common, and leads to frequent erroi'. The eastern end of 
this street, from Buchanan Street to West Nile Street, was 
previously called Cathcart Street. 

ScoTSTOux most likely got its name from Alexander Scott, who 
in 1296 owned a considerable portion of Partick. 

Shettleston. In the Origines Parochiales, published by the 
Bannatyne Club in 1850, Shettleston is given as Schedinestun, 
and it is said to have been so called from a daughter of Saint 
Patrick's brother, or perhaps derived its title from some Saxon 
colonist ; and the place is enumerated among the Bishop's 
possessions in 1170. It is really wonderful the fertility of brain 
possessed by some pundits. Shedinestun, when looked at broadly, 
is only another way of spelling Sheddinston or Sheddinstoun, 
the town at the Sheddins. The latter, from the Latin schiduis, 
meaning cleft or split, is an old Scotch term signifying where the 
road split or divided. As is the case at Shettleston, there are 
several clachans or hamlets in the country styled "The Siieddans," 
and this entirely owing to their position at the divergence of the 
roads. Shettleston is therefore plainly a corruption of Sheddinston, 
and it undoubtedly derived its title from its position at the parting 
of the ways; so the daughter of the patron saint of Ireland's 
brother will require to get something else to keep her memory 
green than this little spot at the east end of our city. 

Shuttle Street was formed on the lands of Shuttlefield. It 
had previously been known as Greyfriar's Wynd, the friars having 
had a monastery here under a charter granted to them by King- 
James the Third in 1479. One of the side walls of the old build- 
ing stood till within the last three years, and a fragment can yet 
be seen behind St. Paul's Parish Mission Hall by going up the 
close or entry number 14. 

SiLVERGROVE Street. The lands of Silver Grove were acquiied 
by Mr. Ure, the writer's maternal ancestor, towards the end of the 
eighteenth century. They had previously been occupied as a farm, 


and the steading, with out-houses, which formed a square near 
the south end of what is now Silvergrove Street, was converted 
into small houses by Mr. Ure, entry to which was got by a slap or 
lane at the south-west corner of Duncan Street, which adjoins, 
and this isolated little hamlet was for many years known as The 
Grove. On the portion of the lands fronting Canning Street, then 
known as Barrowfield Road, the proprietor built a villa for 
himself, likewise two cottages, one for his brother and the other 
was said to be for his daughi er ; but she married an Edinburgh 
solicitor named Donaldson and went off the scene. Tl e ground 
was gradually feued off and built upon, but the villa and cottages, 
one of the latter having quaint diamond-shaped window panes, 
remained in a dilapidated condition till within the last fifty years. 
When Silvergrove Street came to be formed they were swept 
away. The name arises from a row of silver firs which bordered 
the Camlachie Burn, which formed the south-east boundary of the 

Stirling Ho ad was made as an approach to the Canal by 
William Stirling &, Son, who were extensive merchants and manu- 
facturers in the city. 

Stirling Street (City), opened 1797, and named for the senior 
partner of William Stirling & Son. 

Stobcross Street was formed on the avenue leading to Stob- 
cross House. The name arose from a wooden cross which stood 
near the spot where the bye-road to the Clyde, now Finnieston 
Street, branched off from the main highway leading from the 
Bishop's Castle to Partick. 

Stockwell Street derives the name from a, well which stood on 
the east side, about half way down the street, and was wrought 
with the old-fashioned wood stock, which vanished with the 
introduction of the iron lever. This street was utilised as a buchts 
or feeing maiket till the opening of the mai-ket in Graham Square. 

Strathbungo is a Celtic word having some connection with a 
stream running swiftly in a confined channel. In Johnston's 


" Place Names of Scotland " it is given as Srath ^Fou Gah, YaUey 
of Sainii Mungo, or the dear one. This is evidently manufactured, 
as " mon gah " is pure Norse. 

Struthers Street was named for Robert Struthers, brewer 
who was the first Provost of Calton. 

Sword Street is named for James Sword, through whose lands 
of Annfield it was formed. 

Texxaxt Street, after Charles Tennant, the elder, of Saint 
Rollox Chemical Works. 

Thomson Street (off Dake Street), after Bailie John Thomson 
of Annfield Pottery. 

Tradestox consists of that portion of land allocated to the 
Trades House out of the purchase made from Sir Robert Douglas 
by the Magistrates and Council in 1647. It is bounded on the 
east by Bridge Street and Eglinton Street, on the north by the 
River Clyde, on the west by West Sti'eet, and on the south by the 
Paisley and Johnstone Canal. It was laid off for feuing by John 
Gardnei", optician, who was the associate and friend of James 
Watt. The names of almost every street in the section have been 
changed since the plan was made. Centre Street alone excepted, 
the first house in which was built by Thomas Craigie in 1790. 

Trongate Street was at first known as Saint Thane w's Gate, 
but the name was changed on the introduction of the Tron. 
weighing establishment. The old title being cariied westward, 
and getting metamorphosed, was imposed upon Saint Enoch 

Tureen Street. A Mr. Bagnal ha(l a potteiy here, who made 
a speciality in the manufacture of tureens; hence the name. He 
was a Fi-enchman and a Roman Catholic. Duiing a fanatical 
outburst in February 1780, the Protestants wrecked his place, 
and smashed his crockery. He had also a shop in King Street 


(Gity) which met the .same fate. For this considerate treatment 
he was fortunately indemnified by the authorities. 

Turner's Court, on the south side of Argyle Street, nearly 
opposite Queen Sti-eet, was named for John Turner, spirit mer- 
chant, Argyle Street. He died about 1797. This place during 
the present year (1901), has in the course of re-building been 
entirely swept away. 

Union Street was called Union Place till Gordon Street was 
opened in 1802. Sir Andrew Orr, who was Provost in 1854, had 
a considerable monetary interest in this street, and he tried to 
boom it, but it would not work, being too far west at that time 
for high-class shops. The first Unitarian Chapel in the city ^vas 
in this street, on the site now occupied by the office of the Weekly 
Mail, the entrance to the church being by a stair in front. The 
sect were not populai' at the time, and it was commonly remarked 
that among the things not generally known in the city one of them 
was that the highway to destruction was up an outside stair in 
Union Street. But the sect, notwithstanding this Christian anti- 
pathy and bigotry, have flourished exceedingly since then. 

Ure Place, which forms three sides of a square at the north- 
east corner of IMontrose Street, was named for John Ui'e, who 
was a merchant in Gallowgate Street early in last century. His 
business premises ^vere on the south side of the street, immediately 
east of the Gallowgate Bridge. ^ 

Virginia Street, opened 1753, got its name from Provost 
Andrew Buchanan of Drumpellar. He built the Virginia 
Mansion, which stood at the north end, the site of which is now 
occupied by the Union Bank. 

Waddell Street, named foi- Mi-. Waddel of Stonefield, through 
whose estate it was formed. 

Walkinshaw Street, named for John Walkinshaw of Bairow- 
field. He was an ardent Jacobite, having been out both in the 
Fifteen and Forty- Five, and was ultimately taken prisoner, but 


escaped by the aid of his wife, who was the sister of Sir Hugh 
Paterson of Bannockbiirn. 

Warroch Street is named for the junior partner of Murdoch, 
Warroch & Co., who had a brewery here in 1765. In 1766 Mr. 
Murdoch, the senior partner, was Provost of the town, and during 
his tenure of office he was presented, when in London, to King 
George the Third, who remarked that he was the handsomest 
Scotsman he had ever seen. 

Washington Street was named by Miss Mary Reid, the 
proprietrix of the gi-ound on which it was formed, in honour of 
the founder of American Independence, in accordance with hei 
political principles. 

Weaver Street formed part of the lands belonging to the 
Incorporation of Weavers. It was laid out for feuing in 1792. 

West Street (South Side) formed the western boundary of 
Tradeston. During the greater part of last century a railway 
occupied the centre of this street throughout its entire length. 
It was owned by William Dixon, of Go van Colliery, who utilised 
it in the transport of coal direct from the pit to the harbour for 

West Street (Calton) formed the western boundary of the 
lands which lay between Mile-end and Broom ward. 

Western Road (Great). The formation of this thoroughfare 
was begun in 1839. 

Whitehall Street was formed through the lands of Whitehall. 
The old mansion, still standing, smoke-begrimed and weird-like, 
is used as a store, and in appearance belies its name. In its 
palmy days the lawn reached down to the river. 

Whitehill Street was formed through the lands of White- 



Whitevale Street was named in compliment after Whitehill 
House. It was for many years a semi-private street, with a gate 
at the end of it. 

William Street (Anderston) is named after a son of Wilham 
Gillespie of Wellfield, through which lands this street was 

Wilson Street (off Candleriggs Street), opened 1790, derives 
its name from a charity school, which stood on the north side It 
was founded by George Wilson in 1778. 

Windmill Croft. Sir George Elphinston, whose lands ex- 
tended westwards from Gorbals to Kinning House Burn, erected 
here, near the foot of West Street, a windmill for the use of his 
tenants. It stood till 1749. 

Wish art Street, named in honour of Robert Wishart, a 
patriotic Bishop, who was the firm friend of Wallace and Bruce, 
and he did not scruple at times to throw aside his vestments and, 
buckling on his armour, take the field with his countrymen 
against the Saxon invader. He had previously been Archdeacon 
of Lothian, and was one of the Regency on the death of Alexander 
the Third. He was elected to the See in Glasgow in 1271, and 
died 26th November 1316, and was bm'ied in the Cathedral 
between the altars of Saint Peter and Saint Andrew. 

WoDDROP Street is formed on the lands of Dalmarnock, and 
named for the Superiors who were among the original portioners 
of Glasgow. James Woddrop of Dalmainock and James Woddrop, 
younger, are witnesses to the later will of John Blackburne, 
minister of the Baronie of Glasgow, who died May 1623. The 
lands of Dalbeth and Westthorne were also held by the Woddrops 
in 1710. 

Wood Lane (off Broomielaw Street) led to a timber yard, south 
of Madeira Court. It is now engrossed in the Central Railway 



YoEK Street was named for the Duke of Yoik, who was foi- 
a time Commandei'-in-Chief of the British Army, witli frecjuent 
disastrous results. 

YoRKHiLL. In the beginning of the eighteenth centuiy the 
westmost section of the lands of Oveinewton, including the park 
of Yorkhill, became the property of Robert Fulton Alexander, 
merchant in Glasgow, and he, about 1805, built the present 
mansion and gave the general name of Yorkhill to it and the 
lands he had acquired. 

irt .