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63D 



PERSONAL JOURNAL 



GAPTAOI E, P, A-HDEBS 

O^T'T 

dStyJui 
Cvmrnartdiay a?- ' 



R 

CO 

o 



I 



A PERSONAL JOURNAL 



SIEGE OF LUCKNOW 



BY CAPTAIN E. P. ANDEESON, 

2$tli Regt., N.L, 

COMMANDING AN OUTPOST, 

AUTHOR or THE "TRANSLATION OF THE GOOL-I-BAKAWLI,' 
&c., &c, 



EDITED, "TCSril A PBE^ACS A.71D INTRODUCTION, 

, BY T. CAKNEGY ANDEESON, 
LIEUT. \Wi Regt. NJ. 



LONDON: 
W. THACKEE AND Co., 87, NEWGATE STEEET, 

CALCUTTA : THACKEE, SPINK AND Co. 
BOMBAY : THACKEK AND Co. 

1858. 



" Ne cede mails, 
Sed contra audentior ito." VIRGIL. 

(Do not yield to misfortunes, but advance to meet them with 
greater fortitude.) 



NENfcY MORSE STEPHENS 



Extract from BRIGADIER INGLIS'S Despatch, dated 
Lucknow, September 26, 1857 : 

" At Captain Anderson's post they also came boldly forward 
with scaling ladders, which they planted against the wall; but 
here, as elsewhere, they were met with the most indomitable reso- 
lution, and theteaders being slain, the rest fled, leaving the ladders, 
and retreated to their batteries and loopholed defences, from whence 
they kept up, for the rest of the day, an unusually heavy cannonade 
and musketry fire." 



511493 



DEDICATION. 



TO THE MEMORY 

OF THE LATE 

SIB HENBY HAVELOCK, K.C.B. 



I FEEL sure I consult the wish of my brother 
in dedicating the records of this memorable siege 
to the memory of the gallant and lamented Sir 
Henry Havelock, the Tutor of the garrison, and 
the TJltor of our murdered friends and relatives. 
It was to his energy and dauntless bravery that 
the first news of relief was brought, on the 25th 
September, 1857 ; and though the removal of the 
sick, wounded, &c., &c., was not accomplished ti]l 
the 22nd of November, still all the praise was due to 
the first gallant band of 2,500 men under Havelock, 
which, notwithstanding the armed hosts opposed 
to it, fought its way through them to our suffer- 
ing countrymen's relief. 

G-eneral Sir Henry Havelock, K.C.B. , lived not 



VI 

to hear that his country had rewarded him. His 
spirit passed to a higher tribunal, to be judged for 
all that the man had done during an eventful life. 
He breathed his last on the 24th November, 1857. 
To his memory the following pages are dedicated. 

The author thus wrote, in mentioning the news 
of their first relief: ""We were very glad, I 
assure you, to see the first relieving force under 
Havelock and Outram. They saved us, as we were 
getting very weak in numbers ; but their force 
was small ; and after fighting its way into Luck- 
now, it could not get out with us, as we had so 
many ladies, children, and treasure in cash." 

THE EDITOE. 



n tfje Beatfj of Sir ^enrg f^abekrcfe, 

Who died at Lucknow of dysentery, brought on from over 

fatigue and anxiety, November 24, 1857. 

" O let the sorrowful sighing of the prisoners come before thee : accord- 
ing to the greatness of thy power, preserve thou those that are appointed to 
die." Psa. Ixxix., ver. 12. 

The funeral rite is over, 

The mighty spirit's fled ; 
A nation mourns in sadness, 

Brave Havelock is dead. 
The vital spark is extinct, 

We shall see his face no more ; 
And we, who lately worshipped him, 

His great loss now deplore! 
Oh! speak the word but softly, 

For our bosoms sore have bled; 
A nation's woes are outpour'd, 

Great Havelock is dead. 
The Hero of so many fights 

Is dead, and great's our grief, 
'Twas he who earned the laurel, 

And to Lucknow brought relief. 
When those we lov'd were struggling 

With foes, and worse, with death ; 
'Twas he who saved them to us 

Now he's breath'd his latest breath. 
But we'll reverence his memory, 

Say how gallantly he led ; 
The foremost in a dozen fights 

Brave Havelock is dead. 
Oh ! speak the word but softly, 

For our grief is new and great; 
We shall hear no more of Havelock, 

Whose deeds our hearts elate. 
We have lost him at a moment 

When he'd gained the hope of years 
Distinction hard-fought, dearly-earn'd, 

And now we mourn in tears 
The loss of one, whose very name, 

Like Gilead's soothing balm, 
Brought comfort to the heart of all, 

And direst pain could calm. 
Oh! speak the word but softly, 

That mighty spirit's fled : 
A nation mourns in sadness 

Great Havelock is dead! 

T. C. ANDERSON, 
(Lieut. 12th Regt. Bengal Army.) 



INTRODUCTION. 



THE Editor deems it necessary to make a few 
remarks by way of introduction to this narra- 
tive of the Siege of Lucknow, in order to the 
right understanding of it. Captain Anderson 
was placed in command of an outj>ost, which 
was situated in his own house ; and had under 
his command eighteen men and one subaltern 
officer, making his force consist of twenty men, 
including himself; and yet, with this little 
Band, he held his place for five months, not- 
withstanding there were nine (9-pounder) guns 
playing on his house day and night. 

There never was such a siege as that of 
Lucknow ; nor can history furnish anything 
approaching a parallel to it, either in the ex- 
traordinary circumstances of its siege, or the 
bravery of its garrison, including that of the 



INTRODUCTION. ix 

ladies and women shut up there. The Spartan 
women of old were celebrated in having cut off 
their hair to make bow-strings for their hus- 
bands, but the heroism of our sisters at Luck- 
now surpasses any of their deeds. 

When we reflect on the privations and hor- 
rors to which they were subjected, one can 
hardly believe that it is not from a long dream 
that we have awakened. Hope was so long de- 
ferred, that we had truly almost numbered the 
heroic little garrison with the dead. Let Britons 
feel proud of their countrymen and women, 
and remember, whenever dangers threaten 
them, that the same God, who watched over 
our relatives at Lucknow, ever watches over 
us, and nerves the weak heart in the hour of 
trial, and always defends the right. Too much 
credit cannot be awarded them for their endur- 
ance during all the trials of those five months. 
Each member of that garrison should receive 
the Victoria Cross, as a memorial of Her Ma- 
jesty's favour, and in recognition of their 
bravery. 



X INTRODUCTION. 

I commit these pages to the Public, ear- 
nestly trusting that they may receive a fa- 
vourable reception, and that any faults may 
be attributed to me, and not to the Author, 
whose time was very limited for writing, besides 
being much harassed by sickness and grief. 

T. C. ANDERSON. 

Feb. 22nd, 1858. 



PEEFACE. 



THE incidents related in the following pages 
are from the commencement of the siege to its 
termination, on the relief of the garrison by 
the force under Sir Colin Campbell. Captain 
Anderson was subsequently appointed to the 
Commissariat charge of the Division, under 
Colonel Grant, sent to Bithoor ; but ill health 
has so shaken his constitution, that he pur- 
poses visiting England immediately. Colonel 
Grant, in his despatch, attests to the value of 
the services of Captain Anderson, which were 
" very arduous/' In order to give the Public 
the earliest benefit of his notes, I have deemed 
it right to publish them in their present form, 



xii PREFACE. 

though the style might have been improved, 
had there been sufficient time to re-write the 
journal 

LONDON, 
February, 1858. 

P.S. Additional copies of Captain Ander- 
son's Journal of the Siege of Lucknow being 
required, I have taken the opportunity of 
correcting a few errors which escaped obser- 
vation during the rapid printing of the earlier 
copies. 

March, 1858. 






A PERSONAL JOURNAL 



SIEGE OF LUCKNOW. 



CHAPTER I. 

FOR many months before affairs had reached 
that fearful state, to which this narrative al- 
ludes, most people might have observed the 
surly and "sinister glances of the natives of 
Lucknow, as well as those of our Sepoys, who 
were on duty at the Residency, in the city. 
For my own part, I felt satisfied that some- 
thing was about to occur, and I did not hesi- 
tate to state my opinion openly ; moreover, at 
a later period, I urged the necessity of some 
, steps being taken to collect our Oude Pension- 
ers, so as to have a body of men able to oppose 
our Sepoys, should they attempt to give trouble ; 
but, as to the extent to which the Bengal mu- 
tiny finally reached, I imagine few individuals 
had formed any opinion. Whilst affairs were 
B 



in this state, and during the time that various 
daily occurrences seemed to prognosticate evil, 
the mind of a great and generous man was at 
work that man was Sir Henry Lawrence, 
the Chief Commissioner at Lucknow, by whose 
wonderful foresight the little garrison of the 
said place was eventually saved from total an- 
nihilation ; when I say annihilation, I mean 
that such would most probably have been the 
awful result, had Sir Henry not laid up a vast 
supply of grain. If we had run short before 
relief arrived, we should have had to retreat on 
Cawnpore ; and with our sick, wounded, ladies 
and children, I think any reasonable person 
will admit such would have been totally im- 
possible. 

Although almost every thinking European 
in the place must have, more or less, observed 
the signs of the times, few, I imagine, ever 
supposed that what they then saw was but 
one symptom of that great Mutiny, which ex- 
tended from Calcutta to the Punjab, and finally 
shook the foundation of our immense Indian 
empire to its very base. At this critical con- 
juncture, Sir Henry Lawrence proved himself 
a man of consummate wisdom, and an indivi- 



3 

dual ably fitted for the emergency : he acted 
with caution, and without creating the least 
alarm, he calmly prepared for the coming strug- 
gle. Business was regularly carried on in the 
public offices up to the latest moment ; but. at 
the same time, great warlike preparations were 
in progress at the Residency, the spot chosen to 
be the place where the European inhabitants 
were to make their "grand stand/' Earth- 
works and defences were thrown up, and, as 
far as time and circumstances would permit, 
the whole position was strengthened by bat- 
teries, ditches, and stockades'; besides this, 
ammunition w^as collected, guns were brought 
in, and last, not least, grain in vast abundance 
was stored within our intrenchments. Not- 
withstanding all these ample arrangements, I 
am sorry to add, that some individuals have 
hinted that " more might have been done ;" 
however, had their opinions been taken before 
the curtain of futurity was drawn up, I have 
no doubt that their foresight would have been 
found about on a par with that of a certain 
personage of notoriety, who said that an intel- 
ligent young civilian was "beside himself," 
when the individual alluded to wrote in to say 
B 2 



4 

that he had good reason to suppose that his 
district would be soon up in arms ! ! I differ 
entirely with such ungrateful people ; and I 
feel proud to acknowledge that I believe Sir 
Henry Lawrence (by the aid of a merciful 
God) was the mortal chosen to be the means 
of saving the little garrison of Lucknow ; and 
I thank Providence we had such a man at 
such a fearful time. Long may the memory of 
this great man rest in the minds of all true 
Britons. Alas ! that he was not spared to re- 
visit his country at the close of such a glorious 
career. 



CHAPTER II. 

AT nine o'clock, p.m., of the 30th May, 1857, 
the Sepoys at the cantonment four miles from 
Lucknow broke into open mutiny. The native 
troops consisted of the 13th, 48th, and 71st 
regiments of Native Infantry, the 7th Native 
Cavalry was at Modkeepore, some miles off. 

The firing first commenced at the lines of the 
71st N. I. The Europeans were lying under 
the guns, which opened with grape on the mu- 
tineers ; but as the rebels were partially hidden 
by the huts, few of them were killed. Briga- 
dier Handscomb, although advised not to do so, 
approached too close to the lines, and was im- 
mediately shot. All this took place just as the 
evening gun fired. Poor Grant of the 71st, 
who was on duty, was shot at his post ; one 
man of the guard tried to conceal this officer 
under a soldier's cot, but to>no purpose, he was 
killed by the rest who came up to the spot. 
Lieut. Chambers of the 13th N. I. had two 
very narrow escapes, he first of all received a 



shot- wound, and fell flat on his face, upon which 
a heavy fire of musketry was opened on him, 
but most fortunately not a single bullet hit him. 
With great difficulty Chambers managed to 
reach his own house, where his servants washed 
and dressed his wound, and he then imme- 
diately mounted his horse, and galloped to the 
part of the cantonment where the Europeans 
were located When doing so, he came upon a 
body of fifty of the rebels, and he had to charge 
right through them ; here, again, he was fortu- 
nate, he rode through them without receiving 
a single wound, of course the darkness alone 
favoured his escape, as the whole body fired a 
volley right at him as he passed. After this, 
the Sepoys went about setting fire to the 
officers' houses, and all was noise and uproar. 

At the Residency, in the city, we were all 
very anxious ; all that we could see were bright 
flames rising up from the cantonments, and 
every now and then we heard the report of a 
gun, followed by rather sharp musketry fire. 
Early the next morning I rode up to can- 
tonments, and on the road I met an unfortu- 
nate European merchant and his wife. The 
poor man had an infant in his arms, and his 



wife was walking beside him ; he told me that- 
some villagers entered his house, and after in- 
sulting both him and his wife, they plundered 
all his property. These unfortunate people had 
been in the fields all night, expecting every 
moment that the villagers would follow up and 
murder them ; they appeared tired and dirty ; 
the man had escaped with only his trousers, 
and he had a rough cloth thrown over his 
shoulders, but no shirt, shoes, or hat 

On reaching cantonments I found the few 
men of the native corps (who had remained 
faithful) all drawn up on their respective pa- 
rades. The Europeans, with the cavalry and 
guns, were in advance, and a fire was being 
kept up on the mutineers, who were in rapid 
retreat across an open plain. The cavalry did 
nothing, and were like the rest, in a state of 
mutiny ; the greater part, I understand, then 
and there galloped over to the mutineers. At 
the lines I saw the bodies of a few of the 
Sepoys, who had been killed the previous night 
by grape ; the wounds were frightful one 
man had a hole of four inches diameter through 
his chest, his face was cut open, and he had a 
broken leg ; all seemed to have died in fearful 



8 

agonies. The grain merchants in the Bazar 
were rushing about, and saying that during 
the night the mutineers had broken into their 
shops and plundered all their property ; their 
mat doors were lying on the ground, here and 
there were bags for grain, and numerous broken 
earthenware pots, &c., all proving that their 
account was but too true. At a well I observed 
marks of blood, and a bystander told me that 
a wounded mutineer had crawled there, and 
being overcome by thirst, and having no cord 
to draw water, the wretched creature could re- 
sist the temptation no longer, so he terminated 
his miserable existence by throwing himself 
into the well. 

During the confusion, and whilst all the 
military men were at their posts, an officer's 
wife, with five little children, remained in her 
house (i. e., whilst the mutineers were setting 
fire to most of the buildings in the place). She 
would most certainly have been murdered, had 
not a noble Seik protected her ; he made 
her leave the house, and he hid her in the 
vicinity till he got an opportunity of making 
her safe over to her husband, who had been 
absent on duty, having been suddenly called 



away when the alarm was given in canton- 
ments. Here, again, we have to thank Sir 
Henry, as he had previously insisted on all 
ladies leaving the cantonment, and this person, 
who now escaped so fortunately, was the only 
one who remained, thinking that nothing 
would really occur. If Sir Henry's directions 
had not been attended to by all the other 
ladies, the loss of life would have been some- 
thing very awful. 

Just about this period, I was struck with 
something rather extraordinary that I saw in 
the city. One evening I was passing through 
a gateway near the King's palace, and I there 
observed the head of a half-grown buffalo. It 
seemed but lately killed ; and it was placed 
with the horns downwards, and over the lower 
jaw, and through the horns, was a garland of 
small white flowers. I mentioned this to some 
of the residents at Lucknow, but no one 
seemed to think it was a matter of any impor- 
tance ; but I cannot help thinking that it was 
one of the many ways in which the fanatic 
Mussulmen endeavoured to make us detested 
by the Hindoos. I fancy it was as much as to 



10 

say, "See, the Europeans kill buffaloes in 
your very streets ! " 

After all these occurrences, a general rise in 
the city was fully expected. Men were seen, 
here and there, with figures dressed up as 
European children ; and, much to the amuse- 
ment of the mob, the heads of these dolls were 
struck off with sword cuts. I was told this by 
two or three men who actually saw what I 
now describe. Seditious placards were found 
stuck up in all the principal streets, calling 
upon all good Mussulmen and Hindoos to rise 
and kill the Christians. An unfortunate per- 
son, named " Mendes," went to his house in 
the city, and thinking that all was quiet, he 
fell asleep in an upper room. He had not been 
there long, when several armed men (supposed 
to have been some of our police) rushed in 
and killed him with sword cuts. The body was 
brought in, and it was indeed fearful to see 
the way in which it had been cut about 
Another old man, who had formerly been in 
the King of Oude's service, also got a sword 
cut, but escaped into the Residency. The body 
of a female (supposed to be a native Christian) 



11 

was brought in, literally cut into four pieces. 
Reports now spread that the Rajas were col- 
lecting all their forces to attack Lucknow ; 
and the general belief amongst the natives in 
the garrison was, that the Mussulmen had 
determined on killing every Christian in Oude 
before the end of the feast of Ramazan. 

As a sort of proof of the intentions of the Mus- 
sulman population, it is as well to state that 
they now assembled in immense numbers at 
all the mosques, and afterwards paraded about 
the city, to let us see, I imagine, that they 
mustered very strong. Men were also seized 
with letters directed to our Sepoys ; and our 
private servants began to complain that the 
grain merchants and shopkeepers would not 
supply them with food without getting ready 
money; and as these people always before 
trusted our servants for months, it was direct 
proof that the shopkeepers knew what was 
going to occur. Government paper was sel- 
ling as low as thirty-seven rupees for 
the hundred, and even less ! One day, a 
Fakir came up to a European sentry, and 
after giving him abuse (which the man did not 
understand), he drew his hand across his own 



12 

throat, as much as to say that the sentry and 
the rest of the Europeans would soon be 
slaughtered. This rascal got 150 lashes for 
his pains, and was placed in irons at once. 
Other individuals were seized within our in- 
trenchments, in the very act of altering the 
elevating screws of our guns. They were also 
duly punished. Preparations were now made 
for public executions ; the mutineers who were 
caught were hung at the Muchee Bawan, a 
native fort, which Sir Henry Lawrence had 
strengthened, and which it was intended to 
hold ; but subsequently it was blown up, after 
the retreat from Chinhut. The city police 
were drawn up in a line, three or four deep, 
opposite the gate of the Muchee Bawan ; the 
troops inside the fort were all ready at the 
loopholes, and at every commanding spot. 

On the day I allude to, nine wretched men 
were marched out of the fort gate, and their 
countenances told plainly that they were muti- 
neers. Most of them were fine stout men, and 
they walked up to the gallows with a firm and 
determined step. They did not, however, re- 
main calm. When the fatal noose was being 
adjusted, some begged most humbly for 



13 

pardon; others called out to the mob, and 
asked if there were not any good Mussulmen 
or Hindoos present, to save them from the 
cursed Feringees, or Christians ? A wretched 
Hindoo, when about to die, called out, " Alas ! 
alas ! you Mussulmen caused all this ! " An- 
other poor wretch said, " Save me ! save me ! 
I have a wife and some little children, who 
must starve I" The sentence had been passed, 
and there was now no hope for pardon ; at a 
given signal five men were launched into 
eternity, and it was a melancholy sight to 
see the shudder that came over the four other 
men, who were on the gallows immediately 
opposite, as they saw the drop fall, and then 
observed five men dangling in the air before 
them : an instant or so more, and they were 
themselves in a similar position, their drop 
having fallen. 



CHAPTER III. 

FOR a considerable time after the occurrences 
mentioned in the preceding chapter, every day 
was sadly marked, either by the news of 
Europeans having been cut up, or by the 
arrival of parties from the various districts 
around Lucknow, who came dropping in, one 
after another, and all looking most miserable 
and care-worn. The persons I allude to had, 
in most instances, lost all they possessed, and 
had managed only to escape with the clothes 
they had on their backs. A young civilian 
had a fortnight of the most intense anxiety ; 
he dare not remain in his house, as he well 
knew that there were people about him who 
wanted to take his life, and yet, as he had 
received no orders, he dare not leave his dis- 
trict to come into Lucknow. Many of the 
district officers were kept at their posts, as 
their withdrawal would have created alarm, 
and made matters worse than ever ; and under 
these circumstances, it rested with each man to 



15 

make the best arrangements he could ; and to 
prepare, if possible, to secure a retreat at the 
last moment. The gentleman I allude to 
managed most cleverly. He pitched several 
tents, and kept perpetually moving from one to 
another ; and as they were at some distance 
apart, he did not create suspicion by saying, 
when he left one, that he would return probably 
in a couple of hours or so. Thus, by a well 
arranged plan, this young civilian escaped with 
his life, after having remained at his post till 
the last moment ; and, moreover, being often 
for two whole weeks without any settled 
abode, deprived of rest and proper food, and 
on several occasions actually surrounded by 
mutineers, amongst whom he rode during the 
night without being recognized. 

It was during these days of intense anxiety 
(i.e., for us at Lucknow) that I was suddenly 
called one afternoon to join a party of volunteers, 
about to proceed into the district to escort a 
party of European fugitives from Seetapore. I 
was told by the person who came to me, that Sir 
Henry Lawrence wanted some volunteers to 
accompany a party of Seiks who were going out 
under a Captain Forbes, I did not lose a single 



16 

moment. I ordered my horse, and being joined 
by a Frenchman named Geoffroi, I rode up 
the cantonments to the Residency. It would 
seem that Captain Forbes did not expect 
volunteers, as he proposed to me that I should 
take charge of some elephants that were going 
out for the fugitives ; however, I declined the 
honour, stating that I had come to form part 
of an escort for the Seetapore refugees, and 
not for elephants. Upon this Captain Forbes 
politely permitted me to join his party, or 
else I should most certainly have returned 
to Lucknow, as I had no idea of being made 
an elephant driver, although I was fully pre- 
pared to assist in escorting the unfortunates 
we were expecting. 

We had not gone far from the cavalry 
station of Modkeepore (which is just beyond 
the cantonment), when we observed a body of 
men in a clump of trees ; and on advancing 
further we found that we had fortunately 
come upon the Seetapore people, who were half 
inclined to think we were enemies, instead 
of friends, as we appeared so suddenly. There 
were ladies on horseback, and in various kinds 
of vehicles, both European and native. Buggies 



17 

were filled with children, and all the party 
looked tired and careworn. We were not 
long in escorting them to the city, where they 
all were put up for a day or so at the Re- 
sidency, till arrangements could be made for 
their proper accommodation. I will now de- 
scribe the Seetapore mutiny, as related to me 
by an officer of the 41st Regiment N. I. 

" We were all very anxious about Lucknow, 
having heard of the Barrackpore, Delhi, and 
Meerut affairs. One Sunday afternoon (i.e., 
31st May, 1857), I saw a man mounted on 
a camel coming into Seetapore from the Luck- 
now direction. He appeared very tired, and 
he looked at me, and passed on ; he then came 
back, and wanted to know if I was an officer. 
I said, I was ; he then added, ' The troops at 
Lucknow have risen, and have been chased out 
of the station by the Europeans ; when I left, 
bullets and round shot were flying about/ 
&c., &c. After this, the man asked for Mr. 
Christian's house; and having pointed out the 
direction, I hastened to inform our colonel, who 
said it was a matter of little importance; in 
fact, he did not entirely believe the report. 

"I had not been home an hour, when I 



18 

got an order to be ready to march with a wing 
of the corps towards Peer Nuggar ; and when 
we reached the bridge there, we found that 
the passage had been blocked up with empty 
carts, by orders of Captain Sanders, who had 
this done to stop the mutineers advancing from 
the Lucknow direction. We remained there 
that day and the next, and returned on the 
3rd to Seetapore, having heard of the mutiny 
of the 1 Oth Oude Infantry. The men were, as 
usual, dismissed on the parade ground as soon 
as we came in, but I remarked that they gave 
a very unusual shout as they broke off. I 
never remember their having been guilty of 
making any such unusual noise at any former 
time when dismissed from an ordinary parade, 
and I felt rather suspicious as to what this 
really meant. About an hour or two after this 
the whole corps 'was up/ and I went and 
brought over my children to Major Apthorp's. 
The Major determined on asking Christian's 
advice, but poor Christian said that he did not 
care if all the regiments did mutiny ; that 
he had 300 police and a number of armed 
servants and Chuprassies on whom he could 
depend!! and that he would, with these, 



19 

make f a stand' to the last. I now thought it 
was better to ask our colonel if I could be 
of any use in the lines ; but he replied, that he 
was himself going with some companies to the 
Treasury, and that there was really nothing in 
all this to be the least alarmed about, 

" All the officers and ladies were now assem- 
bled at the colonel's house, and in the verandah 
some officers were standing with guns, &c., in 
their hands. Just then, a soldier rushed up 
from one of the streets in the lines, and made 
a signal to us not to move ; he then ran to the 
rear-guard, said something, and again rushed 
back. The men of the rear-guard and others 
(some seventy in number) now assembled, and 
said, they would remain with us. In the mean- 
time, the colonel rode off to the Treasury with 
four companies, and on the way, the Sepoys 
were beating their breasts > and saying, that they 
would fight to the last for their colonel, and 
would not permit the rascals of the 10th to- 
do any harm. The poor old colonel, on hear- 
ing all this, turned to his adjutant, and said, 
1 Is it not affecting to see the devotion of the 
men?' 

" Our colonel now formed up the companies 
c 2 



20 

at the Treasury, but as there appeared no symp- 
tom of any disturbance, he was about to 
return ; upon this, the adjutant, Lieutenant 
Graves, said, that he did not like the looks of 
the men ; that, in fact, he did not think they 
would obey the order to march back from the 
Treasury. Just then, the colonel gave the order, 
'Threes, left shoulders forward/ and at that 
moment, a Sepoy of the Treasury guard stepped 
forward, and shot him dead, and he fell from 
his horse. The adjutant, on seeyig this, turned 
his horse's head towards cantonments, but had 
hardly done so, when a volley was fired at 
him. He received a bullet- wound in the temple, 
and his horse was shot under him ; he then 
ran on foot for a few paces, when he fortunately 
met the havildar major of the 41st N.I., who 
gave him his pony, and thus he managed to 
reach the lines.* 

" We now heard a constant musketry fire ; 
and of the seventy men who were first with 
us, only twenty or so remained ; they had 
dropped off one by one, on various pretences, 

* Lieut. Sm alley and the Sergeant-Major have not been heard 
of since; we suppose they were killed on the spot, when the colonel 
fell. 



21 

and Major Apthorp now offered those re- 
maining a sum of 8,000 rupees (in the name 
of the officers), if they would accompany us to 
Lucknow ; they agreed, and we started off 
forthwith, as there was no time to lose : as 
we went off, we saw the bungalows in our lines 
on fire, and we all were rather alarmed (when 
we had only got two miles), by hearing a cry 
raised, that armed men were following us up. 
We found that this was a party of nineteen 
men, who said they had come to protect us ; 
we were afraid to trust them, however, so they 
were made to keep behind till we reached Peer 
Nuggar. Here we consulted as to whether they 
should be allowed to join us or not, and as we 
could not well reach Lucknow without their aid, 
and also as we felt ourselves a match for them, 
in case of any treachery on their part, we de- 
termined to let them accompany our party. 

" In the distance, the whole horizon seemed 
to be lit up by the fires in the cantonments we 
had left, and we were thankful that we had 
escaped at least so far. Some villagers on the 
road, on seeing our Christian drummers, said, 
' If we had only some horsemen here, we would 
cut up every one of you/ Well, we reached 



22 

Baree, and there we managed to send in a 
scrap of paper to Sir Henry Lawrence, to ask 
for a party to be sent out to escort us into 
Lucknow." 

As far as I have since been able to glean 
(from people who came in), it would appear, 
that poor Mr. Christian was finally obliged to 
retreat, when too late, and he had managed to 
get across a river (i. e. y the one on the banks 
of which the bungalows in the civil lines were 
built), when he was shot down. It is reported 
that Mrs. Christian, on seeing her husband fall, 
threw herself on his body, and was cut down 
immediately after. 

Another account I heard was, that the ladies 
were seen rushing from Mr. Christian's house, 
and that rounds of musketry were fired upon 
them as they ran screaming towards the river. 
A report also got abroad, that Mr. Christian 
was only wounded, and was alive up to the 
8th of June, 1857. The person who told me 
said that he himself had escaped with his wife 
into the jungle, where he was chased by the 
villagers, and he had to pay four men one 
rupee each, for every coss, or two miles, to 
show him the road. This person also said, 



23 

that the mutineers were holding auctions in 
the villages to sell off the plundered pro- 
perty of officers, and that at these sales the 
rascals danced wildly about, and cried out, " See 
the nice things that the officers have brought 
for us from England!" 

At one of the out-stations a horse was seen 
to gallop in, at full speed, with his flanks all 
bespattered with blood, and without a rider ; 
it would seem, that some poor fellow had rid- 
den to save his life, and had been shot some 
distance from his house ; and that the horse, on 
finding that he had lost his rider, at once made 
off for his stable, where he arrived, snorting 
and terrified, and stood quite still, till seized 
by some natives. 

When all these dreadful murders were going 
on in the districts around, a poor little child, of 
only two years of age, had escaped, while its 
father and mother had been killed. It would 
appear that the poor little creature wandered for 
a day or two about a large house, from room 
to room, calling out "Mamma," and not a 
soul amongst the servants would come near it ; 
and there it might have died of starvation, had 
it not met a worse fate. A Sepoy recruit was 



24 

passing this spot, and on hearing the cries of 
the child, he entered the bungalow ; but no 
sooner did he observe that it was the child of 
a vile CHRISTIAN, than he at once dashed 
its brains out with the butt of his musket. 

News of every sort now began to come in 
from every quarter ; and on the 26th of June 
a salute was actually fired at Lucknow, for the 
fall of Delhi, which event did not occur till the 
19th of September, 1857. Besides this, it was 
said, that an attack on Lucknow was inevitable ; 
and amongst the thousand rumours that spread 
over the garrison, one was, that the enemy 
intended to enter Lucknow, carrying setars or 
harps, and arrayed in marriage garments. It 
was stated, that they would make their ap- 
pearance during the night, in palkees, at a 
time when such processions are mostly seen in 
native cities. Such reports as these were very 
easily believed by all the CROAKERS* of the 
garrison, and vivid comparisons were imme- 
diately drawn between Troy and Lucknow ; 
and it was said, if the former city was lost by 
a horse, why should we not fall by a palkee ! ! 

* A name given to individuals, who spoke in a gloomy way 
during the siege. 



25 



CHAPTER IV. 

WHEN matters began, day by day, to assume 
a still more serious appearance even than be- 
fore, and murders were even more frequent, 
Sir Henry Lawrence deemed it expedient to 
enrol all the European and Eurasian writers in 
the public offices as volunteers, and he directed 
arms and ammunition to be served out to 
them. Some of these men were taken into 
the volunteer cavalry (which was also com- 
posed of officers, civil and military), and the re- 
mainder were drilled as infantry. 

At the commencement, when these men 
were first brought together (to be regularly 
drilled by sergeants from Her Majesty's 32nd 
Regiment), the chance of ever making them 
act in a body seemed almost a hopeless task. 
There were men of all ages, sizes, and figures. 
Here stood a tall, athletic Englishman there 
came a fat and heavy Eurasian, with more 
width across the waist than about the chest. 
Next to the Eurasian came another of the 



26 

same class, who looked like a porter barrel 
(i. e., short and squat), and the belt round his 
waist very closely resembled a hoop. Not far 
off you observed an old, bent-double man, who 
seemed too weak to support the weight of his 
musket and pouch. 

Such, dear reader, to a casual observer was 
the general appearance of our volunteers ; but 
we must not always judge by appearances. 
Amongst this awkward-looking body there 
sprung up, during the siege, bold, intrepid, and 
daring men ; and I may say, in fact, that the 
whole of them, more or less, did excellent ser- 
vice ; and, had it not been for our volunteers, 
we should never have been able to garrison 
the place. It was very creditable to these men 
that they so soon fell into military ways, and 
finally became a willing and obedient body, 
and fit for most ordinary duties required of a 
soldier. Of course there were some instances 
where, for marked bad conduct, punishments 
were absolutely necessary to keep up disci- 
pline, but such was not to be wondered at, 
when we remembered that most of these men 
had never been subject to any kind of re- 
straint ; their only duties had been to attend 



27 

office regularly, and write during the time they 
remained there, and, consequently, they had 
the mornings and nights all to themselves ; but 
now they were suddenly in a very altered po- 
sition, and were obliged to be present at their 
respective posts or guards, between stated 
hours, both by day and night ; and, besides, 
they had to do sentry duty, with firelock and 
belts, &c., &c. 

At first some of these men did not quite 
approve of this sort of work ; they thought it 
was rather degrading to carry a musket, and 
they did not see why they should obey a ]ieu- 
tenant, or why they were not in every respect 
just as good men as even the Brigadier him- 
self ! A few went so far as to forget them- 
selves, and the punishment they promptly met 
with just quietly intimated to the others that 
martial law was the order of the day, and that, 
for whatever they now did, they were respon- 
sible to the military authorities. 

However ludicrous these volunteers appeared 
when simply r"rawn up in line, it was posi- 
tively nothing to the figure they cut when 
put into motion by the words of command, 
"March!" and "Mark time!" from the drill 



28 

sergeant. All the spectator could observe 
were some dozen pairs of very indifferent legs, 
simultaneously jerked out to their full stretch 
and then as quietly dragged back again, as if 
the owners of these said legs had all made a 
terrific kick at some very dangerous reptiles, 
and then thought better of it. It was, in fact, 
painful to observe the constrained attitudes of 
certain individuals, and amongst the number 
was a little man, very prim, and " stuck up," 
who really appeared to have led himself 
to suppose that the fate of all Oude de- 
pended on his placing his left foot as far 
as possible from his right ; and it seemed that 
he was urged to attempt this difficult feat 
simply because a tall grenadier fellow beside 
him had succeeded in stretching his compass- 
like legs over some yard- and a quarter of 
ground. Not long after the word "March!" 
came the order to " Charge ! " and I verily be- 
lieve that the most morose or grave person on 
earth could not have refrained from laughter ; 
for whilst the little prim man was doing his 
utmost to dislocate both his hip joints for the 
good of the Honourable Company, another, 
with the rotundity of a beer barrel, was vainly 



29 

trying to make himself into a light infantry 
soldier, and had succeeded in getting up a very 
puffed appearance, and had bathed himself in 
perspiration by endeavouring to "double" a 
distance of some twenty yards. He looked 
exactly what one might fancy a " walrus" 
would appear in his last expiring throes ! 

Notwithstanding all these little absurdities, 
I must admit that the drill-sergeants eventu- 
ally succeeded in making these recruits load 
and fire pretty well; and, after all, this was 
indeed the main object, and not such an easy 
matter to accomplish, as very many of the 
volunteers had never before handled a musket, 
and had probably never seen a balled cartridge. 
Amongst them, however, there were some 
Europeans who had good guns and rifles of 
their own, and so had some of the Eurasians, 
and these individuals did good work with them 
in all the attacks. You might often see a man 
run out during an alarm, with a musket in one 
hand and a double-barrelled gun in the other, 
and the latter was generally reserved for " close 
quarters/' i. e., when the enemy came up rather 
close to our works. These volunteers were 
now appointed to different outposts and garri- 



30 

sons, and from this time they commenced to 
do regular sentry duty. They had strict or- 
ders to challenge all persons approaching their 
posts, and were constantly reminded of the 
necessity of being " particularly on the alert," 
a phrase which at last became so common, that 
the staff officers, who came round, were always 
laughed at when they made use of it. 

As to the further peculiarities of our volun- 
teers, and the anecdotes connected with their 
first attempts at soldiering, I must refer the 
reader to the next chapter. 



CHAPTER V. 

THE house I lived in at Lucknow was the 
one I had occupied ever since the annexation 
of Oude, in which province I was an Assistant 
Commissioner. When the buildings about the 
Residency were being put into a state of de- 
fence, my house was one of those chosen to 
become an outpost. The wall of the enclosure 
round it was thrown down, and a stockade 
was put in its place. Within this stockade 
was a ditch ; then a mound of about five feet ; 
then another deep ditch, with pointed bam- 
boos placed at the bottom. 

This little outpost was situated on the 
Cawnpore road ; and as we had the enemy 
(throughout the siege) only forty yards dis- 
tant from us on the left, and some seventy to 
eighty yards to our front, it was one of the 
most exposed outworks in the place. Besides 
this, we were always under a very heavy fire 
from the enemy's guns no less than nine can- 
non of sizes (from six to eighteen and twenty- 



32 

four pounders) were in positions so as to keep 
up an incessant fire by day and night ; and when 
it is remembered how dose the enemy's artil- 
lery was planted, some idea may be formed as 
to the effect of their shot and shell on this 
building. Amongst the heavy ordnance there 
\va< a Company's eight-inch howitzer, which 
had fallen into the enemy's hands during the 
retreat from CHINHUT. This immense piece 
used to throw eight-inch shells clean through 
two walls of the house, and right into the only 
room where the volunteers and myself had to 
sleep. 

From the above, it will be seen that this 
outpost was one of the most advanced out- 
works of the whole Residency position, it being 
the outer house of our left flank, facing the 
Cawnpore road. To our right was the Cawn- 
pore battery ; and immediately in our rear 
were four other little garrisons, called "The 
Post Office/' " The Judicial Commissioner's/' 
" Mrs. Sago's" (formerly a girls' school, called 
after the head mistress), and "The Financial 
Commissioner's;" these were respectively to 
our right, centre, and left rear. During attacks, 
shell were thrown over our house from the 



33 

"Post Office/' and a musketry fire from 
" Sago's," and " The Judicial Commissioners/' 
swept our left face most completely/' 

Being thus situated, we had to commence 
our work of "keeping a sharp lookout" for 
some considerable time before we were actually 
besieged. Field officers now began to go their 
rounds at night, and the volunteer sentries 
regularly challenged people passing on the 
Oawnpore road. Attached to this garrison, 
which was placed under my command, were 
eight volunteers, and amongst them were two 
foreigners, one an Italian, and the other a 
Frenchman. The former was a Signor Bar 
sotelli, and the latter a Monsieur Geoffroi. 
Both of these gentlemen behaved most admi- 
rably during the siege, and shot several of the 
enemy ; and their conduct, in every way, was 
highly praiseworthy. Later in the siege, I had 
nine Europeans and a sergeant of Her Majesty's 
32nd Foot placed under my orders ; and thus, 
with a subaltern officer and myself, we mus- 
tered, in all, only twenty men ! 

Before any fighting commenced, Mr. W. 
Capper, of the Bengal Civil Service, volunteered 
D 



34 

to become one of my little garrison ; and he 
is also included in this number. 

Before proceeding further, I cannot praise 
too much the conduct of this young civilian, 
whose energy, coolness, and bravery, were 
alike conspicuous during our weary and ha- 
rassing siege. First of all, Mr. Capper went 
manly to work, with firelock and pouch, and 
did regular sentry duty as a common soldier ; 
and a precious good and attentive one he 
was. After this, at my request, he assisted me 
in my duties in the capacity of an officer, and 
was accordingly relieved from sentry duty, 
although we both, of course, " turned out " 
during every attack, with our musket and pouch. 
He is an instance of a gentleman putting aside 
all pride, and subjecting himself (for the good 
of the State), to all manner of exposure, danger, 
and fatigue, and acting under the orders of a 
military officer whose rank, in a civil capacity, 
was under his own. I am also happy to add 
that we never had a difference of opinion in 
duty matters throughout the siege. Mr. 
Capper was a Deputy Commissioner, at a 
salary of 1,000 rupees ; he had the entire 



35 

charge of a district; and he is the person 
mentioned in Chapter III., who managed so 
cleverly to elude the vigilance of a set of 
ruffians who were watching a favourable op- 
portunity to take his life. I have thus far 
been particular to mention these three gen- 
tlemen volunteers by name, so that there may 
be no mistake as to whom I allude when I 
introduce any anecdote connected with the 
other volunteers. Whenever any of these 
three gentlemen, therefore, may be the subject 
of my future remarks, I shall mention them 
by name. As regards the other volunteers, of 
either my own or other garrisons, I reserve to 
myself the right of speaking of them generally; 
my object being simply to describe laughable 
occurrences, without the most remote wish to 
hurt the feelings of any individual. And now, 
having said so much, I shall proceed with my 
narrative. 

It must be remembered that, at the com- 
mencement of the siege, volunteers kept chang- 
ing from post to post, as they met friends or 
relatives. We, therefore, had an opportunity 
of seeing all sorts of odd characters. One of the 
very first persons who gave trouble was an 



36 

European, who had formerly been in the Com- 
pany's army. I had been out dining, and on 
my return, I found all my servants in a great 
state of alarm. They told me that the " sahib," 
or gentleman (who had introduced himself only 
the same day), had been threatening all of 
them ; and, moreover, that he had beaten a 
couple of the Eurasian volunteers, and was then 
marching up and down in the verandah, with 
a drawn sword, and behaving altogether like a 
madman. 

On learning this, I walked upstairs, and 
found the gentleman, as described I knew 
my best plan was to go up to him at once ; 
and, in doing so, I took the precaution of 
edging up to his sword arm. To my great 
astonishment, he said nothing; but looked 
bewildered. He had, evidently, been drunk, 
and was now " coming round" I said, "I 
understand you have been threatening my 
servants, and ill-treating two Eurasian volun- 
teers." He replied, "IVe done nothing of 
the sort. I have been doing sentry duty, as 
these niggers wanted to kill me. I saw what 
they were about, the devils! Ha! ha!" 
" Well," I added, " before saying any more, be 



37 

good enough to give me up that sword/' He 
laughed, and said, "Well, I've no sort of 
objection to do that/' and forthwith he handed 
it over to me. 

I now called the two volunteers, and my 
servants, and investigated the case ; and I 
found that the drunkard was in the wrong. 
I now told this man that I should report the 
whole affair, and he began to speak in rather a 
loud tone of voice ; and this brought over a 
couple of stout Europeans from another gar- 
rison. As soon as they saw the man's state, 
they asked permission to take charge of him 
till morning. I accepted their offer, and 'off 
went the drunkard. 

The guard where he was taken to was a 
pretty strong one, so there were more sentries 
than at my post. The prisoner was put under 
a sentry, and his bed was taken over to him. 
He remained perfectly quiet for some time, and 
then suddenly raised himself on the bed, and 
was about to make a rush at a sickly-looking 
Eurasian who was sentry over him. Just then, 
a strong hand was placed on his throat, and 
when the drunkard looked round, he saw a 
stout Englishman standing over him. The 



38 

prisoner now began to kick and swear ; but 
another European came up, and whilst the 
drunkard swore he would kill every one about 
him, his arms and legs were fastened down to 
the cot, and a rope, doubled, was passed be- 
tween his teeth, as the noise he made was 
enough to alarm the whole garrison. After 
this, the prisoner was carried, on the cot, to 
the main guard of Her Majesty's 32nd Kegi- 
ment, and I never saw him afterwards. I 
heard, however, that he had become a steady 
man, and that the poor fellow lost his life 
whilst doing duty at our guns during an 
attack 

One evening, on account of some noise in 
the street, I had to "turn out" the volun- 
teers, and whilst under arms, I observed that 
one man was absent. I went to hunt him up, 
and found him dancing madly about the room, 
in a bewildered state. He could not find his 
musket ; and then he had upset all his percus- 
sion-caps ; and, moreover, could not find his 
cartridges. I never saw such terror depicted 
in any man's countenance ; and as a sort of 
punishment for his carelessness, I hinted that 
it was just possible (if people did not keep 



39 

their arms, &c., all ready), that the enemy 
would rush in and cut them to pieces. 

Another volunteer of the same class came up 
to me one day, and said, in the gravest manner 
possible, " What are we to do, sir, if we are 
charged by elephants ?" I could hardly answer 
the man for laughing; but when I recovered 
my gravity, I told him that such was a difficult 
question to answer properly ; but, at all events, 
whether able to keep off such huge animals or 
not, Government would expect each individual 
to make the attempt. The little man seemed 
satisfied, but his expression plainly told that he 
had considerable doubts in his own mind as to 
the ultimate chance of his ever escaping with 
life if exposed to such a fearful encounter ! ! 

One fine evening before dark I had to pass 
the spot where a volunteer sentry was placed ; 
he was a tall, slim, and girlish-looking youth, 
with an uncommonly black face. As I ap- 
proached him, he shouted out, " Who comes 
there V although he saw who I was, and, more- 
over, he knew my name. This was done, of course, 
to show how attentive he was to orders. I gave 
the usual reply, and was about to proceed, when 
this warlike man brought his musket down to 



40 

the charge, and said, " I'm sorry I cannot let 
you pass, sir, till I call the sergeant of the 
guard/' Now, all this might have spoken very 
well of the volunteer had he then and there ex- 
pired on the spot after such a noble deed, and 
nothing more been heard of him ; but, alas ! 
time often tells some tales that are not always 
very pleasant. On a very dark night, not long 
after this, the same individual was on sentry 
when a person approached his post. Now, 
whether from fear, or otherwise, I cannot say, 
but this is certain, viz., that he never halted 
the person as he did me, nor did he recollect 
that his duty was to stand firm and call the 
sergeant ; but, putting his musket over his 
shoulder, he trotted off to the guard ! ! Whilst 
conducting the stranger, by keeping well in 
front, he also kept a careful glance to the rear, 
to see that he did not lay himself open to an 
attack, and thus he led the way, and finally 
called out, as he reached the guard-room, " Ser- 
geant, somebody 's come/' The sergeant re- 
plied he was very happy to hear so, and warned 
the brave man not to bring such intelligence for 
the future, and led him to understand that a 
sentry should not leave his post till properly 
relieved. 



41 

At the beginning of the siege drunkenness 
was, I am sorry to say, rather common amongst 
the volunteers, and several got into rows ; one 
man shook his fist in the face of an European 
sentry whilst in a state of intoxication, 
another beat a native severely, and so on, day 
after day, till they were punished with severity. 
On one occasion a lot of these Eurasians met 
at the quarters of a very quiet individual of 
their own class, and there commenced to drink 
very hard. After they had expended all their 
grog, they called upon the master of the house 
to provide them with money to purchase more ; 
this he positively refused to do, and it ended 
in these drunkards upsetting all his chairs and 
tables, and then leaving the place, calling him 
a horrid miser. 

It was often amusing to listen to the remarks 
of these volunteers during the nights we were 
visited by grand rounds. On one of these oc- 
casions a young fellow was in a great state of 
anxiety as to how he was to present arms. 
Signor Barsotelli, however, consoled him by 
saying, " Never mind, sir, make a leetle noise ; 
who's to see in the dark?" Another night, 
when our good Italian was suddenly called up 



42 

from a sound sleep, he exclaimed, "I think 
these grand round officers do this for their 
own amusement/' However, nothing on earth 
could keep Signor from the steady performance 
of his duty. In another moment there he stood, 
with a musket in one hand and a double-bar- 
relled rifle in the other, at his side was a huge 
cavalry sword, and pendant over his breast 
hung his ammunition pouch, resembling very 
much an Italian hand-organ. This latter part 
of Signor 's military equipment was rather in 
his way than otherwise, but he did not exactly 
know where else to put it ; and he was not a 
little pleased when told that the pouch of the 
English soldier is worn at the back. What 
with a gun in both hands, and a huge sword 
constantly getting between his legs, he had 
quite enough to do without the extra anxiety 
about the horrid cartridge pouch, which con- 
tained some sixty rounds of balled ammunition 
into the bargain. 

Before closing this chapter, it may not be out 
of place to mention what I heard said one 
evening by some men of Her Majesty's 32nd 
Foot. They were talking about the sad death 
of a cavalry officer, who was killed at Modkee- 



43 

pore( on the night of the mutiny in canton- 
ments. One soldier said, " Poor young fellow ! 
he was hardly seventeen years of age, so I 
hear." His comrade added, " I wouldn't care 
so much about his age ; but fancy, the rascals 
would not let the poor fellow put on his boots 
he had only one boot on when we found him/' 
This gives a good idea of a soldier's notion as 
to how a person should be killed it speaks 
volumes as to the true Englishman's idea of 
" fair play/' The fact was, this honest fellow 
could not bear to think that the poor young 
officer had been surprised ; had he heard that 
he had been killed in fair fight, he would have 
certainly thought nothing of it. One of this 
party, whilst speaking of the siege, said, "I'm 
sure there'll be some wet eyes for me at home 
by this time, I was such a pet at OUT house." 
A comrade said, " What, Bill ! you a pet ? 
queer folks, I think, as would make a pet of 
you." This last remark struck me as rather 
laughable, as Bill was certainly a very rough- 
looking individual, and not one that a lady 
would be likely to fall in love with at first 
sight. 



CHAPTER VI. 

MATTERS now began to get worse and worse, 
each day, and even the men who had re- 
mained faithful to us up to this time began 
to be very anxious; so much so that one 
evening a Sepoy sentry suddenly threw down 
his musket at his post, and bolted away as fast 
as possible. He was observed by an European 
sentry, who fired at him, but missed him. On 
the 12th June, 1857, the Police Battalion 
stationed in the city broke into open mutiny, 
and marched away towards the Dil-Kusha 
Park. Some little delay occurred before in- 
telligence reached the authorities at the Re- 
sidency, so that the mutineers got off some 
considerable distance. 

A party of about 200 of Her Majesty's 32nd 
Foot, some Seik cavalry, and a few mounted 
volunteers, with a couple of guns, went in 
pursuit. I joined this expedition, having 
nothing better to do. We came up with the 
mutineers when they had almost crossed the 



45 

Dil-Kusha Park, and found them retreating 
in tolerable order, but rapidly, towards a 
large village. The Seiks and the mounted 
volunteers charged over the plain ; the former 
in a compact mass, and the latter galloped here 
and there after the stragglers. I daresay some 
twelve or fourteen men were cut down in this 
manner ; and on our side we lost only two 
Seiks ; and a civilian, named Thornhill, was 
severely wounded in the arm and breast. 

The mutineer who wounded Mr. Thornhill 
defended himself uncommonly well for some 
time. He was charged by five of the volun- 
teers one after another, but by keeping his 
bayonet right before his body, he managed to 
make each horse shy just as the rider had got 
to almost the proper distance to make a cut. 
At last, up came an able-bodied gentleman, 
named MacRae, who cut the fellow right over 
the forehead, and as he was falling, another 
volunteer, at the same instant, galloped past, 
and ran the mutineer through the ribs with 
his sword. Our guns opened on the retiring 
body with grape, but with little effect, as 
the distance was too great ; however, soon 
followed round shot and shrapnell, and the 



46 

deep gaps which appeared now and then 
midst the mass as it moved off, told plainly 
that a good many had bitten the dust. It 
now began to get late, and the order was 
given for the party to return. I suppose that 
the loss of the mutineers in this retreat could 
not have been less than forty killed. 

As we approached the town of Lucknow, we 
lost our way, and I firmly believe that the 
city watchmen tried to lead us into an ambus- 
cade, as they pointed to us to take a road to 
our front, and when we advanced, a sharp fire 
of musketry opened from a lot of gardens in 
the immediate vicinity. The men were now 
halted, and most fortunately an officer of the 
party knew the proper road, and we at once 
diverged to our right, and thus entirely avoided 
the other route. 

Soon after this, the Muchee Bawan proved 
to be not so strong as it was expected, and all 
the Government treasure was removed to the 
Residency. News arrived of the party under 
Captain Hayes being massacred. It was re- 
ported that Captain Hayes was run through 
the body by his own men ; that a young gen- 
tleman, named Fayrer, had his head cut ofi 



47 

as he was quietly drinking at a well ; that 
Lieutenant Barbor cut down one and wounded 
two mutineers before he fell ; and that Captain 
Carey only saved his life by the speed of his 
horse. Here is another instance of the fidelity 
of our native soldiers. Fancy men turning 
upon a few officers in this cowardly manner, 
and then murdering them in cold blood, with- 
out any cause whatever ! But let us not dwell 
over what might tempt us to call down a curse 
on such ruffians. Let us calmly await the 
pleasure of Him who hath said, " Vengeance 
is mine, I will repay." And in doing so, let 
us rest assured that He can send a balm to 
heal the many, many fond hearts that have 
suffered by all these horrid events, which it 
now becomes the duty of the narrator to de- 
scribe to the best of his ability. 

As we were at Lucknow, we had to trust 
of course to the reports that were brought in 
of these murders, and amongst them we heard 
also of a party having left Shahjehanpore for 
Seetapore, as the latter place was considered 
safer ; also, it would appear that they were 
escorted by men of the 28th Regiment N.I. 
As this little party approached Seetapore, 



48 

a Sepoy came running up to them, and called 
out "Victory! victory!" meaning, I sup- 
pose, that all the Seetapore folks had been 
killed, or driven away. Whereupon the 28th 
set to work, and deliberately murdered almost 
all the party. It is said that they all met 
death in the calmest manner possible, that 
most of the ladies and gentlemen were on their 
knees, with their arms across their breasts, 
and their eyes fixed towards heaven. 

On the 16th June, several rich men of the 
city were seized on suspicion. We heard that 
amongst them were some fat, portly old crea- 
tures, who got into such a horrid state of 
alarm, at the idea of being hung, that they 
humbly prostrated themselves on the ground, 
and vowed they were quite innocent. After 
this, when some of them got off, it was said 
by the natives that they had attempted to 
leave the city with all their wealth, but were 
followed out by some of the Lucknow rascals, 
and killed on the road. We heard also that 
the Nana/s men at Cawnpore had an idea that 
the whole of the European intrenchment was 
mined; and it was said by the natives that 
the Bithoor Raja (i.e., the Nana) intended to 



49 

drive a couple of hundred asses towards the 
intrenchment at night, and that he fully be- 
lieved the Europeans would consider it an 
attack, and blow up their mines, after which 
he fancied he could safely rush in and take 
the place. Some of our private servants now 
became alarmed, and most of them began to 
run away, and we were put to great incon- 
venience. On the 28th June, at 2 o'clock a.m., 
the rains regularly set in, and the change was 
pleasant. 

On the 30th June, a party consisting of 
some 300 of Her Majesty's 32nd Regiment, 
some 24 volunteer cavalry, 150 Seiks and 
Hindostanees, with an 8-inch howitzer, and 
eleven field guns, moved out to attack a large 
body of the mutineers at a place called Chin- 
hut. Our force went up the road in column, 
with the howitzer and other guns in advance. 
The mutineers had taken up a very strong 
position; their centre formed a sort of semi- 
circle across the road, and their right rested on 
a grove, and their left on an intrenched village, 
in which they had some guns ; there were also 
a couple of guns right in the enemy's centre, 
and pointing down the road our troops went 



50 

up. The intrenched village to the right was 
full of men; the body in the centre was un- 
doubtedly very strong; and the grove to the 
left was filled with skirmishers. 

As our attacking party approached the 
enemy's position, the Europeans were formed 
into a sort of line on both sides of the road. 
The enemy at once opened fire with their 
guns, situated on the road, and our 8-inch 
howitzer immediately returned the compliment. 
The first two shots from the enemy's guns 
killed a havildar of artillery and a horse. On 
this, the native artillerymen took our guns 
down a slope into very bad ground, and they 
were got out with much difficulty: and dur- 
ing the fight some of our native artillerymen, 
with their guns, also went straight over to the 
enemy, and this, of course, caused much alarm 
and confusion. 

After a little delay, however, these guns 
were got out of the broken ground, and brought 
to bear on the intrenched village to the enemy's 
left, from which the enemy also returned a 
sharp fire. For about twenty minutes a con- 
stant discharge of musketry was kept up from 
both sides; and in the meantime an officer 



51 

rode up with orders for the troops to the left of 
the road to move up to the grove. This was 
done, and the Europeans kept up a sharp lire 
on the enemy's skirmishers, who were posted 
there. From some unaccountable cause, our 
troops to the right were seen to retire; those 
on the left, at the grove, now commenced to 
fall back, and on reaching the road, they found 
all the rest had gone. This seemed the signal 
for a regular retreat, and such it really became. 
The volunteer cavalry faced about, and fronted 
the enemy several times, and did good service ; 
the Seiks and Sepoys with the party both 
behaved very well indeed, and kept up a fire, 
as they retreated, on the enemy. The splendid 
8-inch howitzer and three guns fell into the 
hands of the enemy, who rapidly followed up 
our retreating force. This sad affair cost us no 
less than the lives of 112 men of Her Majesty's 
32nd Regiment, and five officers ; and had 
the cavalry of the enemy done their duty, 
very probably not a single man would have 
returned, as the distance they retreated was 
between seven and eight miles. 

This disaster was caused by Sir H. Lawrence 
having been deceived by his spies. He had no 
E2 



52 

idea that the enemy mustered so strong ; and, 
moreover, he was urged to send out this party 
by people at Lucknow. I understand that he 
regretted this step up to the day of his death ; 
and there is no doubt the thoughts of this sad 
disaster affected his general health. Gentle- 
men who were out say that the mutineers 
mustered between six and seven thousand 
men. Some even went so far as to say that 
their force amounted to nearly double this 
number. But, notwithstanding such fearful 
odds, and the fact of our native artillery hav- 
ing deserted us, some officers seem to think 
that the enemy were in retreat themselves 
when our force retired ; and many now believe 
that, if we had only taken out European gun- 
ners, we should at least have been able to re- 
tire without much loss. The men of Her 
Majesty's 32nd Foot did all they could ; but I 
fancy the force they had to fight was far too 
strong for them, even under the most favour- 
able circumstances ; and, as for the enemy 
being in retreat, such is most unlikely, as they 
followed our men very close, and the greater 
part of the soldiers who fell had not a single 
wound, but were completely exhausted, and 



53 

deliberately laid down on the road to be killed, 
as they positively were dying of thirst and 
over-fatigue. Alas ! alas ! that such good, brave 
souls should have perished in this manner ! 

So soon as our troops reached the Iron 
Bridge, one party went off to the Muchee 
Bawan, and the remainder came into the Resi- 
dency : all the men were completely knocked 
up, and looked most miserable. The enemy 
kept up the pursuit, and we were now really 
and truly besieged at Lucknow. The gates 
were shut, and our guns opened. The muti- 
neers soon filled the streets, and came howling 
up close to the outposts, where we were all 
ready for them ; they also forthwith com- 
menced getting guns into position. 

At my garrison a sharp fire was kept up 
from our loopholes ; but the enemy brought a 
gun to bear on the pillars of our verandah, and 
soon brought it down with a terrible crash. 
Mr. Capper happened to be in the verandah, 
and was firing out of a loophole, when a shot 
struck one of the pillars, and down it came. 
This gentleman was buried under some three 
or four feet of masonry, and, wonderful to say, 
he came out almost unhurt. There was, I 



54 

fancy, no other such wonderful escape during 
the whole siege as this, and Mr. Capper has 
every reason to thank Providence for having 
his life spared in such an extraordinary man- 
ner. As the immense beams of the verandah 
were falling, they were suddenly checked by a 
single stout beam (which had been raised about 
two feet from the floor of the said verandah, 
and formed a step for the volunteers to fire 
off), and in the interim Mr. Capper's head, 
most fortunately, got under the space between 
this beam and the verandah floor, so that the 
other beams came down at a slant, instead of 
flat. When we heard that he was buried, we 
all rushed to his assistance, and heard only a 
low voice, saying, " I'm alive ! Get me out ! 
Give me air, for God's sake I" 

Some one remarked, " It's impossible to save 
him ;" upon which Mr. Capper's voice was 
heard to proceed, as if from a vault, saying, 
" It is possible, if you try." 

We set to work at once, and a long and 
tedious affair it was. First we had to displace 
huge pieces of masonry, and, as we did this, 
the broken bricks and lime kept filling up the 
little air-holes, and poor Mr. Capper was con- 



55 



stantly obliged to call out for "more air/' 
During this time, be it remembered, the enemy 
kept up an incessant fire of round shot and 
musketry on the spot, knowing that we were 
working there ; and all we had to protect us 
was about six inches of the wall, that just 
covered our bodies, as we lay flat on our sto- 
machs, and worked away with both hands. 
After labouring for three-quarters of an hour, 
and when we were all quite exhausted, we 
managed to get the whole of Mr. Capper's 
body pretty free ; whereupon we set to work 
to get his legs out, and it was some little time 
before we could enable him to move his lower 
limbs. Throughout all this, a corporal, named 
Oxenham, of Her Majesty's 32nd Kegiment, 
behaved most nobly, and exposed himself con- 
siderably, so as to expedite the work of dig- 
ging out our unfortunate volunteer, whose ap- 
pearance amongst us seemed like as if one had 
risen from the grave ; we fully expected, at 
least, to have found that all his limbs had been 
broken ; whereas, on the contrary, he had 
merely a few bruises, and felt faint. 

On the 1st July, the whole force at the 
Muchee Bawan was withdrawn into the Resi- 



56 

dency, and this affair was arranged uncom- 
monly well. The ammunition was all collected 
in one place ; the guns were spiked and dam- 
aged as much as circumstances would permit ; 
and at a given signal (at midnight), the force 
marched out, whilst a slow match, attached to 
a train leading to the magazine, was lighted. 
Just as our men reached the Eesidency, a 
magnificent explosion took place, and Muchee 
Bawan was instantly in ruins. Strange to say, 
not a single man was wounded when this 
movement took place, although the mutineers 
were in possession of the whole city, and had 
been firing on the Residency and the Muchee 
Bawan throughout the day. The officers and 
soldiers lost all their property, as no baggage 
could be removed ; and the best proof that 
this movement must have been managed well, 
is, that the enemy were not aware of what 
was being done. 

After our troops had retired down the 
road, the enemy seemed to have gained an 
inkling of what had occurred, as they brought 
some guns, but it was too late ; two round 
shot came screaming down the street, and 
hurt none, as our men had now reached 



57 

the Eesidency gate. Some little excitement 
took place, as the gate was locked, and the 
person who had the key could not be found 
for a little while ; and during this trying 
period, the troops outside fancied themselves in 
rather an awkward position ; and so they might 
have been, had cavalry been in pursuit ! 

As our men were leaving, a soldier of Her 
Majesty's 32nd Foot was lying intoxicated at 
the Muchee Bawan. A sergeant tried to get 
the man to accompany him, but to no purpose ; 
all he got were harsh and angry words. He 
therefore told the man that if he would not 
come away, that he could not wait to be 
blown up or killed by the enemy, and then 
he left him. Strange to say, the next morning, 
the drunken man came into the Residency. 
He was quite naked ! and when asked how he 
had escaped, he replied, " Sure I didn't see 
e'er a man in the place/' How the poor creature 
ever managed to get in, is a perfect miracle ; 
the streets must have been lined with men ; 
but, perhaps, in the darkness, and as he was 
naked, they may have mistaken him for a 
mendicant, as some of this class do wander 
about in this indecent manner, when not 
checked by our police. 



58 



CHAPTER VII. 

WE were now, to use a slang expression, 
" fairly box'd up" at Lucknow. A man could 
not show his nose without hearing the whiz, 
whiz of bullets close to his head. The shots, 
too, came from every direction ; and when a 
poor fellow had nearly jerked his head off his 
shoulders in making humble salutations to 
passing bullets, he would have his penance dis- 
agreeably changed into a sudden and severe 
contortion of the whole body, to avoid a round 
shot or shell. So soon as a man left his post, 
he had no time for meditation, his only plan 
was to proceed rapidly, in fact, to walk slow, 
at some places, was very, very dangerous, and 
many a poor fellow was shot, who was too proud 
to run past places where bullets danced on the 
walls like a handful of peas in a frying-pan. 

I had no less than five horses shot in the 
enclosure about my house : two of them were 
my own. The servants who attended them 
all ran off so soon as they saw that matters 



59 

had reached this fearful state, so the poor 
animals were left without any person to give 
them water or food. Some were wounded, and 
others were almost dead. To go near them was 
impossible by day, and at night it could only 
be managed with difficulty. At last some of 
the horses died, and the stench was so fearful, 
that, to prevent a pestilence, we were obliged 
to drag them away, and throw them into a 
well. Those that were wounded, we had to 
get out as well as we could, and let them loose 
into the city. One poor horse of mine had his 
leg broken; I had, therefore, to creep upon my 
hands and knees to cut the rope he was fas- 
tened by, and then I found the poor brute 
could not walk. However, no time was to be 
lost ; so I got a person to prick him up in the 
rear, whilst another pulled at the head-rope ; 
thus, on three legs, and actually hopping 
along, this poor horse was driven out of the 
place. All we dreaded was their dying, and 
our having no means of removing them. My 
poor little pet dog, whilst playing about the 
place, was shot through the bowels, and came 
running up, yelping most piteously, with the 
blood gushing from the wound. A tame pigeon, 



60 

too, as it hopped about at the doorway, had its 
head shot off. I have merely mentioned these 
little circumstances to show how dangerous it 
was to go much about, as bullets came from all 
sides. 

Soon after the falling of the verandah upon 
Mr. Capper, the cannonade on the whole 
upper part of the house became so severe 
that we were forced to leave the upper de- 
fences for want of cover, and retire on the 
lower story. Just before this, I was firing 
from a loophole on the stall's, when a round 
shot came and carried away a large piece of 
masonry about a foot above my head. The 
bricks flew all about me, but I was not hurt. 
At about the same moment, another shot 
carried away the greater part of our parapet, 
and went clean through the body of one of our 
Seiks, who was also in the act of firing. The 
poor fellow never moved ; the shot had made 
a hole of four inches in diameter in his chest, 
and had passed through his back. It was now 
high time to look to the lower defences, as we had 
no place where we could fire from in the upper 
part, as round shot and shell began to sweep 
the whole of the top rooms from end to end. 



61 

Now the only room in the lower story, 
which was fit for us, was occupied by a huge 
Eurasian and his wife ; but rather than put 
these folks to any inconvenience, I remained 
in a passage with the volunteers and some 
Seiks, as uncomfortable as any one could be. 
Our miseries had now, indeed, begun in real 
earnest ; we had no place to either bathe or 
dress ; and to cook food was impossible, as we 
had no servants. We therefore subsisted, for 
some little time, on biscuits, sardines, &c., &c. 
Both of these individuals were fond of the 
bottle, and when "in their cups/' they were 
like cat and dog. The man used generally to 
get sleepy, and retire to his couch, whilst his 
wife became dreadfully loquacious. This lady, 
I beg to state, did not address me ; her con- 
versation was with the Eurasian volunteers ; 
but T had the benefit of it all, having no place 
to sit in but the passage, where this horrid 
female persisted in coming, much to my disgust. 
First of all, she would give all the dark gentry 
about her a full and true account of her pa- 
rentage ; and though we well could see that 
she had never been out of India, she used to 
talk of her " dear Ireland/' Then came a long 



62 

description of all the gentlemen who had made 
love to her before she had reached the shady 
side of forty ; and, finally, we had the inte- 
resting description of all the difficulties that 
her fond husband had to surmount before he 
was honoured with her hand and heart. She 
would tell us, too, that her husband was not 
dark, oh no, he was only sunburnt ; but if 
we did not believe her, all we had to do was 
to bare his arm up to the elbow, and we should 
find it like snow. 

But this was not the only way in which this 
horrid woman was disagreeable ; she used some- 
times to get the real "blue devils/' and then 
she would beat her bosom, and tell the Seiks 
on guard that we should all be cut up; 
that no troops could come to our assistance, 
&c., &c. At last, she got so bad, and was such 
a perfect nuisance, that I reported her conduct, 
and got both her and her husband removed 
from our garrison. Had she remained, she 
would probably have made every Seik desert 
from us, by reason of all her gloomy con- 
versations. I had, I found, been rather con- 
siderate at first to this class of people, who do 
aot appreciate the principle of " suaviter in 



63 

modo," they require also the "fortiter in re," 
to keep them in some sort of awe of the per- 
sons they are supposed to be placed under. 

We were now surrounded, night and day, 
by all the city blackguards, as well as the 
mutineers, and they must have been very 
numerous, if we may judge by the uproar they 
made. On one occasion, as we were turned 
out on account of some alarm at night, I 
heard a soldier say to another, " I say, Bill, 
I'm blow'd if these here Budmashes* don't yell 
like so many cats/' Bill replied, " Yes, they 
do, and I only wishes I was behind them with a 
tin pot of biling water as they opens their 
d d mouths/' Another European, who was 
close at hand, and had been quite distracted by 
the incessant noise of one of their war clarions, 
remarked, " I only wish I had a holt of the 
black rascal as plays that ; I'd not kill the 
vagabond, I'd only break that infernal hin- 
strument over the bridge of his nose/' 

Having the enemy always so close to us, we 
were obliged to be constantly on the alert, and 
it became absolutely necessary to visit the sen- 
tries several times in every hour throughout 

* Rascals, men of bad reputation. 



64 

the night. Our poor men were very hard 
worked, and had often to go on sentry duty 
after, perhaps, digging in the batteries, &c., &c., 
for a couple of hours before ; on this account 
we had to make every allowance for their being 
both tired and sleepy ; but, nevertheless, as the 
lives of the whole garrison depended on the 
vigilance of the outposts, it became an officer's 
bounden duty to keep the men at their work. 
One night I observed a sentry who certainly 
seemed asleep ; he had his head bent down on 
his breast, and he did not challenge me as I 
came up to his post. I watched him for a little, 
and then, to give him a chance, I called out, 
<c Sentry/' in an under tone ; the man started ; 
but so soon as he observed me, he quickly 
recovered his self-possession, and said, quite 
calmly, " I was just thinking, sir, how sad it is 
that one half of the world does not know how 
much the other half suffer." I must admit I 
was not prepared for such a philosophical re- 
mark from a sentry ; and as he was a good, 
steady soldier, I did not press the matter 
further ; more particularly as the attitude I 
found him in did admit of his having been in 
a state of deep thought ! ! I remained, and had 



65 

a little talk with this man, and I found he was 
a "character/' He told me that he had previ- 
ously been called by his comrades " a man of a 
pleasant temper ;" but that grief had made him 
surly and morose. He had lost his wife and a 
little girl, and when these were taken from him, 
he said he began to hate all mankind, and be- 
came a cross-tempered individual. "Ah/' he 
exclaimed, " you never saw such a queer, old- 
fashioned, wee thing as my little daughter was, 
sir, it was just like me, and that's why I 
liked it so much ; the poor little creature usecl 
to know me so well, and run after me, calling 
out " Papa ;" and the soldiers used to say she 
was the very image of me. I used to love that 
child, sir, and when it died, I became a wretched 
man, and cared for nothing." Another night I 
caught another sentry asleep, and I told him 
that he would be reported; the poor fellow 
was in a great state of alarm, and after making 
all kinds of excuses, he said, loud enough for 

me to hear, ' D n that great coat, it was it 

as caused all this/' The fact was, he had made 
himself rather too comfortable, and thus had 
fallen asleep. I really felt very much for the 
men of Her Majesty's 32nd Foot ; they cer- 
P 



66 

tainly had hard work, and much exposure ; 
besides this, the men were not strong, and 
many of them, rather than remain in hospital 
(when really ill), used to come on duty when 
they could hardly stand. I once or twice 
actually insisted on poor fellows returning to 
hospital ; all they used to say was, " Well, sir, 
in these times every man must do his best/' 
Some poor creatures looked more like ghosts 
than men, so much were they reduced by dy- 
sentery, fever, &c., &c. 



67 



CHAPTER VIII. 

ON the 1st of July, 1857, Sir Henry Law- 
rence was mortally wounded by the explosion 
of a shell, and that great man lingered till the 
4th, and then died. His death cast a sad gloom 
over the whole garrison, and many a stout 
heart began to feel anxious as to how matters 
would be conducted after the demise of one in 
whom all had trusted. From this till the 10th 
of August I have little to say, each day was 
marked by the usual occurrences, and the fire 
of the enemy was as usual. On the 10th of 
August, 1857, however, the enemy, in immense 
numbers, made a general assault on our posi- 
tion, and we fought them till two o'clock, p.m. 
The attack was made with greater determina- 
tion than any before, and upon all sides at the 
same moment. To describe every paltry attack 
would be impossible ; all I attempt to give is a 
fair and honest description of what took place 
at our post, leaving the description of other 
attacks and assaults on other places to those 
who had to defend them. 
F 2 



68 

The enemy, after collecting in immense num- 
bers, advanced upon the Cawnpore Battery and 
our post ; they came on with a rush, and nine 
men actually pushed through our stockade, and 
reached the mound in front of our inner ditch. 
They had fixed bayonets and trailed arms, and 
ran with their backs bent to avoid our fire as 
much as possible. No sooner did these men 
make their appearance, than they were met by 
a tremendous fire from the men of my outpost 
and the Cawnpore Batteiy, as also by a flank 
fire from the " Judicial Commissioner's," which 
was commanded by a brave officer (Capt. Ger- 
mon, of the 13th N. I.) who commanded Seiks 
and also volunteers of the Uncovenanted ser- 
vice. I think I may safely say, that not one 
man of these nine escaped. During all this, a 
heavy cannonade was kept up on both sides, 
and I never saw such a musketry fire in any 
of the battles in the Punjab. 

After these had been knocked over, the 
leaders tried to urge on their men. Again and 
again they made the attempt, but back they 
had to go by a steady fire. Their chiefs came 
to the front, and shouted out, "Come on, come 
on, the place is ours, it is taken! 3 And the 



69 

Sepoys would then rush forward, then hesi- 
tate, and finally get under cover of the stockade, 
and keep up a fearful fire. Some hundred of 
them got under the Cawnpore Battery, but found 
the hand-grenades rather disagreeable, and had 
to bolt rather sharp. Poor Major Banks came 
up, and cheered us during the hottest fire, and 
we were glad to see him. Our shell now began 
to fall amongst the enemy, and this still further 
roused their indignation ; you could hear addi- 
tional yells, and horrid imprecations on the 
heads of all CHRISTIANS. No less than three 
times were we assaulted by enormous odds 
against us, and each attack was, thank God r 
successfully repulsed. There we were, a little 
body, probably not eighty men in all (i. e., 
Cawnpore Battery our post, and Capt. Ger- 
mon's) opposed to several thousands of merciless, 
blood-thirsty fanatics. We well knew what 
we had to expect if we were defeated, and, 
therefore, each individual fought, as it were, 
for his very life ; each loophole displayed a 
steady flash of musketry, as defeat would have 
been certain death to every soul in the garrison. 
Had the outposts fallen, they were in such im- 
mense numbers that we could never have turned 



70 

the enemy out, and then not a man, woman, or 
child, would have been spared. It was, indeed, 
a most anxious time, and the more so as we 
did not know how matters were progressing 
at other points. We dreaded that the others 
might have been even further pressed than we 
were. At intervals I heard the cry of " More 
men this way," and off would rush two or three 
(all we could possibly spare) here and there; 
and then the same cry was repeated in an op- 
posite direction, and again the men had to rush 
to support their comrades who were more hotly 
pressed, and so on ; as the pressure became 
greater at particular places, men rushed to those 
spots to give assistance. 

During this trying time even the poor 
wounded men ran out of the hospitals, and 
those who had wounds in the legs threw away 
their crutches, and deliberately knelt down and 
fired as fast as they could out of the loopholes ; 
others, who could do little else, loaded the 
muskets, whilst the able-bodied soldiers fired ; 
and in this odd manner these brave men of 
Her Majesty's 32nd upheld the honour of their 
nation, and strained every nerve to repel the 
furious attacks of the enemy. 



71 

Two very determined rascals came up close 
to the wall of the battery, whereupon Capt. 
Green, of the 48th N. I., shot them both in 
the face with two discharges of little bullets, 
and they went off howling fearfully. A 
standard-bearer was very conspicuous, and he 
was fired at by at least a dozen individuals, 
some say he was blown up almost at the same 
moment by the explosion of a shell, whilst 
others assert that, when he fell mortally 
wounded, another mutineer seized him by the 
belt, and threw himself, with the body of the 
wounded standard-bearer, over our stockade. 

During all this I was commanding six men 
of Her Majesty's 32nd Foot on the outside of 
my house, at the place between the Cawnpore 
Battery and my post ; and as my presence was 
required, I went in and out of the battery, and 
fired my musket whenever I had the best 
chance of hitting the enemy. It was thus that 
I saw the whole of what I have now attempted 
to describe. 

In the interior of my garrison the truly brave 
and heroic Mr. Capper and a subaltern officer 
kept the volunteers at their loopholes, and 
every man did good service during the attacks 



72 

by keeping up a constant and rapid fire on the 
enemy. Monsieur Geofiroi heard one of the 
chiefs say, " Come on, brothers, there's nobody 
here ;" upon which he replied in a loud voice, 
" There are plenty of us here, you rascal." And 
as a further proof of his assertion, he shot the 
leader dead, and followed up by sending a bullet 
into another man, who was close behind him. 
Our good old friend, Signor Barsotelli, got very 
excited as the enemy rushed past the stockade. 
He said to the Frenchman, " Son dentro per 

Dio," in Italian "They are in, by G " 

However, he did as he had always done before, 
he placed himself in a good commanding posi- 
tion, and then asked the officer in command if 
he should fire, his expression generally was, 
" Here we dominate, shall I strike ?" All this 
time he was, probably, standing at a loophole, 
with his eye fixed on the sight of his musket, 
and his body in such an attitude that any one 
could see he was full of determination. 

On this memorable 10th of August both 
Signor Barsotelli and Monsieur Geoffroi killed 
several men, and did good service ; in fact, I 
knew not any one in these garrisons who did 
not behave well ; and in such a fight as this, the 



73 

difficulty only would be, to find the man who 
had NOT shot down at least one or two of the 
enemy. A pretty good idea may be formed as 
to how our fire told on the mutineers, when it 
is stated by the natives, that their loss on the 
10th of August was 470 men killed ; out of 
this, they say, that full 100 fell opposite the 
flank we defended. It was also stated that 
the standard-bearer was pierced by seven bul- 
lets, and that a Moulvie,* who urged on the 
mutineers, was shot through the hand. As a 
general rule, more than double the number of 
men are wounded to those that are killed ; .so 
the loss of fighting men on the enemy's side 
must have have been very, very great on this 
occasion ; and they learned such a severe les- 
son, that they did not try another attack tifl 
some time after. 

It is quite impossible to form any idea of the 
exact number of the enemy ; some say 20,000, 
and others 40,000 menf were around us on the 
10th August ; all I can say is, that I saw quite 
enough soldiers to convince me that a kind and 
merciful Providence alone saved us on that 

* A learned man. 

f I heard after, 100,000 men, and 107 guns. 



74 

fearful day ; we were but as a drop in the ocean, 
when compared with the enemy, and we only 
held the place by a perfect miracle. 

I have omitted before to state, that on the 
afternoon of the 29th July we heard guns 
close to the outskirts of the city, and every one 
expected to see our troops come in ; but, alas ! 
we were doomed to be disappointed. On the 
30th, a beautiful peacock came and perched on 
our ramparts, and there plumed its feathers ; 
it remained a little while, and then flew across 
our position. Some of the soldiers wanted to 
shoot it, but I told them not to destroy a bird 
of good omen ; had I not spoken, the bird would 
have been made into a mess in less than ten 
minutes, so anxious were the men for some 
change of food. 

From this time, every day became more and 
more tedious, and good old faces began to dis- 
appear gradually and gradually each day ; here, 
a week before, you saw fourteen men laughing 
together ; to-day, the number had dwindled 
down to ten ; a day or so more, and you 
remarked one less ; then another, and an- 
other, till you were positively afraid to ask 
for a friend. I have seen men in hospital, and 



75 

have left them doing exceedingly well. I have 
sent them books to read, &c., &c., and on going 
a day or so after, I have found another sick or 
wounded man in my friend's cot, and have been 
told by a patient, " that the gentleman, who 
laid there, was buried last night/' 

Sad, sad indeed is the feeling one experiences 
on such occasions ; each man, as he parts for the 
night, has considerable doubts as to his seeing 
his friend in the morning. A friend comes in, 
and says, " Have you heard the news ?" You say 
No, and he continues "Poor So-and-so was 
looking out of a loophole, and was shot through 
the head ; young So-and-so was hit last night 
by a round shot, which carried away both his 
legs, and there is no hope for him ; but the 
worst of all is, that So-and-so was hit by a 
round shot, and the whole of the back of his 
head was carried away, the skull was quite 
empty, and the poor fellow's brains were dashed 
all about a gun, close to which he was stand- 
ing." Now all this is very fearful for a man 
to hear at every hour of the day, besides see- 
ing every now and then the body of some poor 
fellow carried away to hospital, who has, per- 
haps, been conversing with you a few minutes 



76 

before. A great many men were killed by 
standing incautiously at the loopholes ; some 
would fire, and then look out to see if their 
shot had taken effect, when a return bullet 
would kill them on the spot. I saw one poor 
fellow, of Her Majesty's 32nd, who was killed 
in this way, but he was not the only man ; I 
was close beside him at the time, and warned 
him to be careful, and not to stand opposite the 
loophole after firing ; however, he forgot what 
I said, and in a few seconds after, he fell back, 
with a groan, quite dead a musket ball had 
entered his eye, and passed through his brain ; 
poor fellow ! we soon picked him up, only to find 
that the pool of blood under his head plainly 
indicated that his life had left him, and horrid 
to relate, we saw bits of brain amidst the gory 
flood, about the spot where he fell 



77 



CHAPTER IX. 

WE are now in the month of August, and no 
signs of relief; the heat, too, is intense, and 
we have no servants to pull our punkahs. Dead 
bodies are decomposing in all directions outside 
the entrenchments, and the graves in our church- 
yards are so shallow, that the whole air is 
tainted with putrid smells ; now our torments 
commence in real earnest. We are pestered to 
death by swarms of great, cold, clammy flies, 
which have probably been feeding off festering 
corpses in the vicinity ; we cannot read, sleep, 
or eat our food, with any degree of comfort. 
We had only one Madras boy between five of 
us to do all the work, and he fell ill with fever ; 
we had, therefore, to chop our own wood, pre- 
pare the fire, cook the food, &c., &c. ; besides 
this, we had to wash our own clothes, and per- 
form (each in our turn), the lowest menial duties. 
A nice state of affairs for folks who are gene- 
rally termed officers and gentlemen ? but so it 
was, and there was no help for it ; our little 



78 

garrison was so exposed, that not a servant 
would stay there, whilst other people in the 
place had as many as six and seven servants 
throughout the siege ! ! 

In the midst of all these miseries (when, 
perhaps, in the very act of cooking !) you would 
hear the cry of " Turn out ! " and then you had 
to seize your musket, and rush to your post. 
Then there was a constant state of anxiety as 
to whether we were mined or not ; and we 
were not quite sure, whilst we were at a loop- 
hole, that we might not suddenly see the ground 
open, or observe the whole materials of the 
house fly into the air by the explosion of a 
mine ! ! Shells came smashing right into our 
rooms, and dashed our property to pieces ; then 
followed round shot, and down tumbled huge 
pieces of masonry, and bits of wood and bricks 
flew in all directions. I have seen beds literally 
blown to atoms, and trunks and boxes were 
completely smashed into little bits. When an 
8-inch shell exploded in the room, you could not 
see anything for several minutes, and all we 
heard after was the cry of individuals, asking 
each other from opposite directions, if it was 
" all right ?" and now and then a poor fellow 



79 

would be seen to creep out of a heap of lime 
and bricks, and say, "I'm not hurt, thank 
God." 

I recollect, one day, after the bursting of a 
shell, Signor Barsotelli looked for his trunk, 
and found that it had been blown up com- 
pletely. He now wished to have a little fun, 
so he called his Madras boy, and said, " Where 
is my trunk?" The boy went off, and looked 
in the corner, where the trunk always stood, 
but found it not ; he could not understand this, 
so he came with a face of astonishment to his 
master, and said, " Trunk not got, sir." Signor 
pretended to be angry, and said, " Not got a 
trunk, you rascal, where is it ?" In the mean- 
time, some one drew the lad's attention to some 
bits of wood in the corner, which were all that 
remained of Signer's trunk, and the boy's face 
brightened up, as he said to his master, "Before, 
trunk got, sir now, not got shell break 
him." 

Signor Barsotelli was both a clever and polite 
man. On one occasion, he had an opportunity 
of examining a person's head, having been re- 
quested to do so, as he had studied phrenology ; 
now, whether he observed that there was some- 



80 

thing rather mild in the person's temperament 
or not, I cannot say, but he calmly said, " I 
observe by your head, sir, that the organ of 
combativeness is not largely developed. I think 
you would be well suited for a " Justice of the 
Peace." Whether Signor had his doubts as to 
the bravery of the individual, from what he 
observed in his manner, or whether he really 
judged by his head, it is, of course, difficult to 
determine ; however, this is true, that the 
unfortunate was a soldier, and as such, he must 
have felt a little disappointed to find he wanted 
what a soldier most requires. 

Again, as regards Signer's politeness, he 
had been terribly annoyed for some time by 
a person spitting a perfect puddle close to where 
le sat. Signor was very, very uneasy for a 
nttle, at last he got up, and brought a spade 
full of earth, and as he threw the contents on 
the pool of saliva, he said, " Excuse me, sir, I 
vomit." If this little act, and these few im- 
pressive words, had not the desired effect, I 
know not what would have better tended to 
prevent a repetition of the filthy trick which 
had quite upset the Signer's equanimity. 

These are simply the day occurrences, which 



81 

were followed by the long, dreary nights. We 
would sit for hours, expecting every mo- 
ment to be attacked. Officers would come 
round, and say, in a solemn manner, "The Bri- 
gadier requests you will be particularly on 
the alert/' Here and there, by the glimmer 
of a miserable lamp, you observed the pale, care- 
worn faces of half a dozen volunteers. One 
man loading his musket, another looking at 
his pistol, and a third filling his cartridge-box. 
One of the party would presently shoulder his 
musket, and go off to stand on sentry, whilst 
another dived down into our mine, to see 
that the enemy were not getting under our 
house. Presently you would hear the sudden 
cry of a sentry calling out, " that the enemy 
were advancing." Then came the rattle of 
musketry, followed by the cry of " Turn out \" 
on all sides. Now, you hear the grape strike 
against our batteries and earthworks ; the 
musket bullets fly over in showers ; round shot 
come through our walls ; and loud above all you 
distinguish the sound of the enemy's clarions/' 
and numberless bugles blowing the " advance/' 
Now and then, midst the roar of artillery, you 
could hear elephants trumpeting as they were 
G 



82 

made to drag heavy guns from position to 
position, and the change of direction of a 
shot immediately after told plainly that the 
enemy had moved a gun. We remained per- 
fectly quiet too, generally, so that they might 
not know how many we mustered. We let 
them fire away, and waited patiently to listen 
if they were creeping through the long grass 
that grew all around our intrenchments, and 
strained our eyes to see in the darkness. Every 
now and then we fancied we saw the figure 
of a man, and then it seemed as suddenly to 
disappear. Sometimes the moon, shining on 
the leaves of the castor-oil tree, used to look 
like men's turbans, and more than once we 
were induced to fire at them. Every now 
and then you heard orders given to load the 
guns with "grape" over the "round shot/' 
and our men would be seen running for hand- 
grenades, &c., to be all ready in case of a rush 
at our position. In the meantime you would 
see little streaks of fire passing rapidly over 
your head, and some seemed as if they were 
coming right down upon you. Then you sud- 
denly heard a loud report, and the cry that 
followed told you our shells were bursting 



83 

amongst the enemy. Soon you heard a sharp 
whiz over your head again, and you would 
see a huge splinter of a shell bury itself in a 
wall close to you, or probably plough up a foot 
of the earth close to where you stood, so that 
often we were in as much danger of being 
killed by our own shells as by the enemy's 
shot these splinters often come back some 
hundred yards. 

Sometimes, in the dark nights, single men 
used to creep up to see what we were about, 
or else, probably, to try and spike our guns 
the sentries, therefore, had always to keep a 
sharp lookout. Now and then a dog got on 
the top of our mound, in front of the inner 
ditch, and the sentry would fire, whereupon 
the yelping of the wounded animal used to 
astonish the whole of the guard, and set all 
the dogs in the garrison barking ; they would 
collect from all the houses in the vicinity, and 
rush down upon the unfortunate one, and try 
to worry him to death, and so soon as the 
strange dog bolted off from whence he came, 
all the others followed him ; and what with 
the growling, barking, and noise (as they 
rushed through the outer stockade), they com- 
G 2 



84 

pletely confounded the enemy, who thought, 
of course, that the vile infidels or Christians 
were upon them ; and starting wildly from 
their sleep, they commenced to abuse each 
other, and then to fire off their muskets in 
every direction. It was perfectly wonderful 
to hear the jabber they set up. One would 
say, " Don't you see they are coming ? Look 
out/' Another would reply, "Who are you, 
to give me orders ?" The first speaker would 
then say, rather mildly, " Well, do as you like, 
the c Sahib log' (i. e., gentlemen) will soon 
come and cut your head off. " The other would 
reply, " Well, do you think they are likely to 
spare you more than me ?" This conversation 
would last a little while, till the man who had 
got the order to be on the alert lost all pa- 
tience, and would then say, " Come, come, if 
you are going to threaten me, I shall run off 
to the hills/' The other then would say 
sharply, " Do you think you'll be safer in the 
hills than anywhere else? Why, they will 
chase you all over the face of the earth/' One 
rascal would cry out, " You go on, brave man 
that you are." The other would say, " No, 
good brother, you go first." The first would 



85 

say, " There are hardly any of them left ;" and 
his comrade would add, "Well, you try it 
first go on/' Such little talks generally con- 
cluded by both rascals getting into a rage, and 
calling each other cowards ; and then they 
would keep quiet for perhaps the remainder of 
the night, but not before the noise of a few 
dogs barking had really frightened them out of 
their senses. 

Before our first reinforcement arrived, our 
Sepoys in the inside had constant conversations 
with the mutineers. Our men would say, 
" What have you got now for being so unfaith- 
ful? You had much better disperse/' The 
mutineers would reply, "What can we do? 
If we go to our homes, the Feringees (Eu- 
ropeans) will hunt us to death ; it is better to 
remain here and die/' Then they would say 
to our men, " Leave the infidels, and come out ; 
we'll give you good food, and plenty of it." 
Our Sepoys would say, " We have eaten the 
Company's salt, we cannot break faith with 
our masters, like you have." This answer 
exasperated the mutineers, who would say, 
" You are as bad as they are ; you have be- 
come vile Christians ; but, never mind, we 



86 

are off to kill all the men of your reinforce- 
ment ; and when we return we will pay you 
off ; we will not spare a single man." 

Very often, when these conversations were 
going on, our Seiks used to call to their officers 
just to listen to the manner in which they 
were "drawing out" the enemy. Once, at an 
outpost, a fellow came up and tried to make 
our Sepoys go over to the enemy ; there was a 
sharp young sentry on duty, and he quietly 
kept the man in talk whilst he called another 
of his guard, and said, in a low voice, " Knock 
that chap over;" which was no sooner said 
than done, thus putting an end to the con- 
versation in rather an abrupt manner. 

Throughout the siege the mutineers lost no 
opportunity to try and make our Sepoys desert, 
by telling them that they would starve us all 
to death, if they could not take the place ; and 
they tried to make them believe that the Eng- 
lish were beaten all over India, and that there 
was not the least hope of our obtaining any 
relief. And there was so much delay in our 
reinforcement arriving, that many began to 
believe what they said ; and had the relieving 
force been much longer in coming to our 



87 

assistance, I am afraid that even the fidelity of 
our brave native troops might have been 
shaken. I feel sure that every man felt fearfully 
disappointed at the delay in obtaining relief, 
and the poor natives would have probably 
been more tortured than the Europeans, and 
the enemy carried our position. It was splen- 
did to see how very willingly the Seiks worked 
at our mines, and to observe their alacrity in 
turning out during every attack. 



88 



CHAPTER X. 

IN addition to all I have endeavoured to 
describe in the preceding pages, we had to 
endure the melancholy sight of seeing the 
clothes, frc., of dead men sold by public auction. 
The property of deceased officers was also sold 
off in this manner; and it was sad, indeed, to 
observe so much appearance of actual mirth 
and jollity displayed by many who were pre- 
sent. How very little we all seemed to reflect 
on the truth of the words, " In the midst of 
life we are in death." Here you saw the coat 
of your friend " put up" and tried on by one 
and then another ; now and then, too, you 
heard the passing joke of the crowd as to its 
being a "good Jit" &c., &c. How little did 
many there think that probably the next auc- 
tion would be over their own clothes, and that, 
too, within the space of only a few days. 

In the army strong affections must naturally 
exist ; and yet men, in such circumstances, 
appear to act very oddly it would seem that 



89 

the dearest friends were forgotten the instant 
that the link of friendship is broken by death. 
To-day you see two men walking together, as 
fond of each other as mortals can be, and in a 
day or two after you hear that one has 
been shot dead ; and should you happen to at- 
tend the first sale that takes place, you may 
perhaps see the remaining one bidding hard for 
his friend's boots ! ! Yet, for all this, there is, 
in reality, no want of affection. If you take 
the same man quietly aside, and mention his 
friend's name, it is more than probable that you 
will see his eyes fill with tears : why, then, this 
sudden change ? The fact is, that men in such 
positions do in reality look forward to the final 
separation by death as very near and probable. 
Their comrades fall on all sides, and day after 
day the same rites are performed, and the corpse 
is speedily conveyed to the grave ; and whilst 
the mourner is at the height of his grief, he 
hears that another person has just lost as dear 
a friend as himself. If a man, therefore, has 
any real affection, no one of the crowd can pos- 
sibly know his grief all are supposed to be 
suffering as well as himself (who have lost 
friends), and the world is the last place to turn 



90 

to when consolation is wanted to do so, is to 
parade one's own sorrows, and to be called a 
hypocrite. When a man in a siege, therefore, 
purchases any portion of another's dress, he is 
supposed to do so from necessity alone. For 
instance, a round shot dashes out a man's 
brains, and bespatters all his clothes with 
blood ; yet men are, from necessity, obliged to 
buy these very articles, having perhaps hardly 
any warm clothes ; and at the same time, poor 
fellows, they are quite prepared to part with 
them on the same terms. Men seem to pur- 
chase such clothing to form their own winding- 
sheets ; for you may often see the same articles 
exposed for sale before the last purchaser has 
had time to get them washed. At such periods 
there is little time for cool and calm reflection ; 
all is anxiety of the worst description ; there is 
a sort of constant pressure to the front, a dis- 
inclination to dwell for a moment on the 
thoughts of the present, and an irresistible de- 
sire to fathom futurity. Your dearest and best 
friend has no coffin a mere coverlet alone pro- 
bably forms the wrapper in which the dear 
body is committed to the earth. Death places 
his cold hand in the morning, and the remains 



91 

of your beloved are hurried away for burial by 
sunset the same day. As you approach the 
graveyard, you observe probably half a dozen 
other unhappy individuals, all waiting with 
their dead for burial. The clergyman now has 
completed the service, and the bodies are laid 
in rows,* and soon follow the awful words, 
"Ashes to ashes, dust to dust/' "Alas! alas!" 
you exclaim " Am I thus to leave all I loved 
on earth ?" " Am I now to be for ever sepa- 
rated from one I loved so fondly?" Dear 
reader, it may be a wife, a sister, a brother, or 
a friend, for whom you mourn. Far, far away 
from all the dear one loved separated from 
parents, sisters, and brothers, and doomed, alas ! 
to be buried in this manner. Oh ! could the 
fond mother have seen her child at such a time, 
it would have broken her heart. Could she 
have seen that pale, pale face become thinner 
and thinner each day ; could she have known 
that the child she nursed so tenderly was now 
alone amongst strangers ; or, if not alone, per- 

* The churchyard was such a dangerous spot, that graves had 
to be dug at night. It was entirely commanded by the enemy's 
fire, and men had to work very quietly : for this reason it was 
impossible to get separate graves for each corpse. 



92 

haps only watched by one quite distracted by 
sorrow. There was no kind sister or mother 
either to soothe the poor sufferer or the 
mourner; none, probably, but strangers to 
watch the calm patience and endurance of the 
dying person. Whilst others of the same fa- 
mily were laughing over a fire in dear Eng- 
land, there was one of that very circle who was 
lying in a most helpless state on the bed of 
death ! 

The poor dying exile ! What a hard fate ! 
With no servants, no comforts, and hardly any 
food suited for a sick person. There lay a dear 
wife, trying to the last to console her husband. 
She probably says, "I am better to-day;" and in 
a few seconds after, the head falls back, the 
eyes close, and death has snatched away his 
victim. You follow the corpse to the grave, 
and you listen attentively to the clergyman 
giving some consolation to the distracted hus- 
band. Suddenly you hear a rushing sound, 
and find that a heavy charge of grape-shot 
has just swept across your path ; the enemy 
are on the alert, and have fired a cannon, on 
hearing the sound of voices in the churchyard. 
You return with the husband only to see 



93 

deeper into his misery : here are two little 
children, crying for their mother ; one is dy- 
ing for want of nourishment. The mother 
being no more, the child must die, as no nurse 
can be procured. Something must be done ; 
but yet there is a want of the proper food, 
and you see the poor little infant decline, day 
after day. Now, you see the poor little crea- 
ture gasp for breath ; it has become a perfect 
little skeleton ! What is to be done ? You 
rush for the doctor, and the poor father looks dis- 
tracted. Where is the fond mother's hand to 
soothe the babe ? What is this in such and 
such a box ? Good God ! it is the poor mo- 
ther's dress ! The husband wants some little 
piece of clothing, and knows not where it is 
to be found. Some kind lady now assists 
him, and with tears in his eyes he searches all 
the boxes. Alas ! this is indeed a sad, sad 
sight. How neatly the poor man finds every- 
thing packed away. How many little things 
remind' him of his good, fond wife. A few 
days more, and the baby is dead also ; and 
then you proceed a second time to the grave- 
yard ; you see the poor husband turn to drop 
a tear on the fresh grave of his wife, and at 



94 

the same moment a bullet hits the ground at 
his feet. You are warned that there is, in- 
deed, little difference between the dead and 
the living; you feel there is no security in 
life. The passage to the grave is really like 
passing from one room of a house to another. 
We are hid from each other by a mere parti- 
tion for a time, and we have the power to 
meet again if we like. All that you wonder 
at is, why some people should have to suffer so 
much more than others in this world ? and if 
these trials are sent as a punishment for sin, 
how is it that those who are the most inno- 
cent are the first to suffer ? babes, and mothers 
too, who seem so pure and so gentle. 

Those who have seen what I have described, 
will ever after be the more charitable in judg- 
ing of those around them. There is no rule 
by which to form any correct idea of the affec- 
tions of men ; our whole life is a perpetual 
series of changes ; and love, in all its phases, is 
continually being acted upon by the various 
incidents of time, place, or position. 

How apt we are to take dislikes to men 
without any just reason ! How fond we are 
of urging ourselves to keep up some old ill- 



95 

feeling ! We are not inclined to make any 
allowances for our fellow-creatures, although 
we see what they have to suffer ; but death 
comes to us all, and if we do not now forgive, 
the day may come when we may regret. We 
say to ourselves to-day "Ah! they escape 
the wrath of God they enjoy themselves 
and we alone suffer bitter anguish/' But do 
we feel the least sorrow when others are suf- 
fering ? and do we ever consider that when 
some have enjoyed a few days of happiness, 
that they are doomed to undergo years of 
misery ? 



96 



CHAPTER XL 

MATTERS now were just as usual ; there was 
never a single day or night without firing (can- 
non and muskets), and when we expected rest 
after real attacks, we were kept under arms 
from constant false alarms ; an order would 
come round to be "all prepared," as a large 
body of the enemy had been seen on the move ; 
we remained belted and ready for hours, but 
no new enemy came in sight ; all we saw were 
the rascals at their batteries, as usual, and 
every now and then we heard the " Advance " 
or "Assembly" sounded ; after standing to our 
arms for several hours, we got the order to 
take off belts. This was most harassing to the 
men, as they had quite enough work without 
having to attend to false alarms. 

Even the little children in Lucknow now 
began to think like soldiers, and they became, 
as it were, fond of the " game of war/' I heard 
one urchin, of four or five years, say to another, 
"You fire round shot, and I'LL return shell 



97 

from my battery." Another, getting into a rage 
with his playmates, said, " I hope you may be 
shot by the enemy/' Others (playing with 
grape-shot, instead of marbles) would be heard 
tosay, " That's clean through his lungs;" or 
" That wants more elevation!' These young 
scamps picked up all the expressions of the 
artillery, and made use of them at their games. 

In these days the Roman Catholic priest 
and Signor Barsotelli used to have most 
earnest conversations as to the manner in 
which we were ever to get out of Lucknow. 
Signor would say, " Well, Father, if you have 
to retire down a mile or two of road, with 
loopholed houses on both sides, you must drop 
that gown, or the enemy will catch you." The 
priest would laugh, and say, "We will see." 
Signor would add, " But you must take a mus- 
ket, and fight the ivhole way with us" The 
priest did not seem quite to understand the 
necessity for this, but added again, " Well, we 
shall see." 

A happy time has now arrived, so we will 

leave the Padre, and state, that on the 25th 

September, 1857, General Havelock arrived 

with reinforcements, and it was with anxious 

H 



hearts that we listened to the reports of > 

guns. Tin- advanee was slow and steady, till 

jn i -i H wa ;MI i ii,.. ,1,-n-k, when in r\\ -hed a 
l"ly of Europeans into the Bailie Guard gate, 
midst the din of shouts and cheers from tin- 
\\hole of (he garrison. Oh, what a joyful day 
lor us; we were saved! 

TheEunp, .-,1 hold of all the m-w 

comers, and eml.raeed them, and the night 
passed in askijig repeated (ju< :U>ut 

what had taken plan* in the "outer world' 
since we were beseigecL 

Tlu'iv was. .Inulitlrss, many a prayrr otl'nvd 

up in secret for our merciful and wonderful 

<lrliv<T\ ; an.l many :i ln-aiM was ivli. \,M! .,f a 

sad burden of anxiety on that memorable 
night. I recollect hearing Monsieur Geoffroi 
say (so like a Frenchman), that if he could he 
would kiss the very first man of the relieving 
ion -c who came in his way. How some of our 

rou-'h old soldiers would have appreciated this, 

it is difficult to say ! 1 God, in his mercy, had 
brought relief wheh we were almost without 

hope; and I trust thai all of n were ^iiieeiely 
thankful for sueh a very wonderful delivery. 
To understand what we felt, it i necessary to 



alter the state of affairs. If the enemy had 
entered, every man, woman, and child would 
have been put to death, We were ordered 
never to surrender, and we were, one and all, de- 
termined to die sword or musket in hand. After 
the Cawnpore massacre, no man would have 
agreed to treat with the rebels on any ac- 
count. 

On the 1st October a force, consisting of 
some 500 men of various European corps, was 
ordered out to attack some guns in a garden to 
the left of my outpost I was directed to 
place myself under the orders of Colonel 
Napier, to act as a guide, and to point out 
to the men where our outposts were. A Mr. 
Phillips, a brave old volunteer, took our force 
out into the main street; and when we got 
to the place leading to the garden, he ac- 
companied one part to the left, and I took the 
remainder up through the houses to the right. 
After running up a very narrow lane (whilst a 
few of the enemy fired down upon us from the 
tops of the houses), we reached a doorway, which 
I felt sure led into the line of houses we wanted 
to drive the enemy out of I felt convinced of 
this, as the place was one from which I had, 
H2 



100 

throughout the siege, observed the enemy pass 
towards the garden. We had a private, of 
the name of Hunter, with a pickaxe, and 
vseveral others of the 32nd and other corps 
with us. Dawson, a private of the 32nd, with 
Hunter of the same corps, were not long in 
smashing in the first door. Dawson and the 
rest of us immediately rushed up some steps 
inside the house, and then came upon another 
door fastened in a similar manner. We broke 
it open in a few seconds, and then found a 
clear road through the houses. 

The enemy never waited to cross bayonets, 
but retreated on the garden, closely followed 
by our party. We found their water-skins 
(niussuks) full, just as they had been using 
them, and fires lit, &c., &c. Dawson had the 
activity of a lamplighter, with the boldness of 
a lion. He dashed on, although I called re- 
peatedly to him to wait till the other men got 
up, as I had heard orders distinctly given for 
no advance to be made by the assaulting party 
till the reserve had occupied the houses in our 
rear, as they were taken. Dawson, however, was 
not to be stopped ; and I did not wish to see the 
man go alone, so I went also, although I felt it 



was imprudent. I was not commanding, but 
merely a guide. 

Well, when we got up together to a narrow 
passage, we found the enemy in great force, 
and they beat the charge, shouted, and tried 
to form up to drive us back. At this moment 
there were only five men, including myself, 
up ; the rest were all pretty close, but thread- 
ing their way through the houses. I at once 
made all present bring their firelocks to the 
charging position, and cover the narrow pas- 
sage. The rascals on the enemy's side dare 
not advance a single step, though the yells 
they gave were horrible. We waited for some 
time, and were soon joined by the rest of our 
men, who were close on our heels, and then it 
was all right. That brave fellow, Dawson, of 
the 32nd, again rushed off, unobserved by me, 
and presently he came running up, breathless, 
and said, " Come here, sir, and I'll show yotf 
one of them." I followed him, and, sure 
enough, there was a fat Pandy (a slang name 
given to the Sepoys who mutinied), lying dead, 
with his heels towards us. He had advanced, 
unknown to us, with some twenty others, to 
our left, to try and get round our party ; but 



302 

brave Dawson alone stood in a gap of a broken 
wall of a house, and drove them all back by 
his steadiness in shooting down the foremost 
man amongst them. Had I been placed in 
command, I might have had to check, even 
further, a man who had no fault but being too 
anxious to get on, without seeing how he was 
supported ; and I am glad I had not to do so. 

After this I went back to look for the rest 
of our party, and I came upon Colonel Napier, 
of our left party, and took him up to the spot 
we had first got up to. The Colonel advanced, 
and we came right under the enemy's guns. 
They fired grape, but as the guns were high 
above us, they did us no harm whatever. 
Seeing that they could not dislodge us, they 
commenced a heavy fire of bricks and clods of 
earth ; one of these struck me on the forehead, 
and cut my nose, and brought me to the 
"ground. I was soon surrounded by a lot of 
the Europeans, and after getting a little water, 
I was all right. Colonel Napier and the officer 
commanding the Highlanders came to the de- 
cision that to assault the batteries at that spot 
was utterly impracticable ; so these officers con- 
tented themselves with planting strong guards, 



103 

and holding the position during the night. 
The next day, as will be seen hereafter, the 
garden was taken. General Outram had told 
Colonel Napier that the men were to get 
10,000 rupees if the place were taken that 
day, but there was no order to advance further ; 
had there been, Dawson would have been one 
of the first into the batteries, as he was 
Triad to get on. I really cannot speak too 
highly of this noble 32nd man. I was struck 
with his cool determination ; and really as he 
rushed through the houses, I more than once 
dreaded that some of the rascals might hide, as 
they generally do, and then fire at us as we 
passed. I fancied, too, that they would not 
have left such a place, from whence they might 
have been driven at any time, from its prox- 
imity to our outposts, without having it all 
mined, and ready to blow up at a minute's 
notice. 



104 



CHAPTER XII. 

ON the 2nd of October, 1857, the garden, in 
which the guns were, was taken, but the 
enemy had carried off the 8-inch howitzer. A 
drummer of Her Majesty's 32nd, named Con- 
way, a mere boy, presented his musket at a 
huge Sepoy, and the man then fell on his 
knees, and begged for his life. The boy said 
in an authoritative voice, " Come along with 
me/' and then placed his hands on the pri- 
soner, and marched him off, and, on meeting 
an officer, he said, " Here, sir, is a prisoner I 
have taken/' 

On the 3rd of October, General Outram in- 
spected my outpost, and said he was much 
pleased with our work during the siege. In 
the part of the city occupied by our reinforce- 
ments, a sentry was placed over a house to 
prevent plundering. An officer was walking 
off with some china cups, whereupon the 
sentry said, " I cannot allow you to pass here, 
sir." The officer was about to put the articles 



105 

down, when the sentry said, " There is no ne- 
cessity to do that, sir, if you step just to the 
right, there is a door without a panel. I am 
not over IT. One fellow said to another, " I 
say, Jem, I am blow'd if these here Bud- 
mashes havn't gone and brought back two of 
their d d guns. I'm blessed if they wont 
have this here old bungalow down upon us 
this time/' The other coolly replied, " Well, 
let 'em bring them only the more for us to 
take, that's all" This was just after a sortie, 
and when these guns had been supposed to 
have been spiked or destroyed. 

On the 6th of October a lot of new rebels 
joined the enemy. A guard of the 41st 
N. I., under a havildar, came quietly into a 
room close to where our guards were ; they 
piled arms, and were taking it very comfort- 
ably, whereupon the Europeans rushed upon 
them, and killed every man. They had, in 
fact, no idea that our outpost was so close. In 
fact, the room was our guard-room, that had 
only just been taken, and the Sepoys fancied it 
was, as usual, occupied by their own side. 

Private Cooney, of Her Majesty's 32nd, and 
another man went into a battery, and spiked 



106 

some guns. As they rushed up, they called 
out, " Eight and left extend ;" and the Sepoys 
hearing this, fancied there was a strong body, 
and bolted off. A man, being asked what he 
got as plunder, said, " Devil the happerth we 
got, sir, but an ould cock and a hen oh yes/' 
he added, " we did get a Sepoy or two/' 

A Sepoy, when caught, tried hard to be 
spared, but a European said to him, "You 
black rascal, do you think we are going to 
carry your ugly face all over the face of the 
blessed earth?" Saying this, he ran him 
through with his bayonet. 

18th October, the enemy made a feeble night 
attack. Twenty men advanced to our stockade. 
Capper killed a man, I think, on this occasion. 
He fired four times. 

14th November. Commander-in-Chief ad- 
vanced from Alam Baugh. 

16th November. The Commander-in-Chief 
had got possession of the city. We were driven 
from the very gates of the Khizer Baugh, or 
" palace/' A person was most conspicuous on 
this day, as we looked from our intrenchments. 
He was mounted on a "white horse/' and was 
everywhere. We all felt very anxious for this 



107 

man he was in the hottest fire. We found 
out afterwards it was the Commander-in-Chief. 
We left Lucknow on the night of the 22nd 
November, 1857, at midnight, in silence; and 
as we left our outposts, the rascals were firing 
on our outer walls. We got safe out, without 
the loss of a single man. The whole thing was 
most splendidly arranged by the Commander- 
in-Chief. 



I have throughout this narrative endea- 
voured to give as many little incidents as 
possible, so that the Public may be able to 
judge as to what did really occur in the gar- 
rison. I am much indebted to Brigadier 
Inglis for what he has been pleased to say as 
regards my little post and its defenders ; but, 
nevertheless, there are many little matters 
which, in justice to the men of Her Majesty's 
32nd, and the volunteers of the post under my 
command, I felt I ought to publish. It was 
utterly impossible for the Brigadier to know 
all that happened at the outposts, during each 
day of such a long siege ; but still the relations 
of those concerned may wish to know some of 
the particulars. It may even be some little 



108 

consolation to those who have lost their dearest 
friends or relatives to know that the hardships 
were such that they can see what the chances 
of escape were, and they will have the satisfac- 
tion of knowing that the names of those who 
fell will ever be remembered with respect. 

I have omitted many names, as the actual 
particulars are not necessary; it is painful 
enough for relations to know that those dear 
to them fell doing their duty, without being 
told how or where the fatal shot or bullet took 
effect. 

There are many brave men, too, whose 
names I shall ever remember. Colonel Palmer, 
who visited us so regularly, and cheered us up 
with his conversations. No man in the gar- 
rison was more active than the Colonel, or did 
more to find out everything that was done. 
Poor, good Fulton, assisted us on every occa- 
sion, and did his best to help us to prevent the 
enemy blowing up our post. There are, also, 
the names of Innes and Anderson, of the 
Engineers, whom we must ever remember with 
sincere respect and feelings of gratitude ; both 
of them were ever ready to assist us, and did 
their utmost to keep our mines in proper 



109 

order. I more than once recollect Innes sitting 
at the mouth of our mine, all ready to light 
the train, should the enemy press us too hard. 
Then the names of Tulloch and Ward are very 
familiar to us ; they often came to do what 
was required, and to see that we were all right. 
How often have I had to ask Ward " to get a 
shell thrown I" and many a time I have had 
to send messages, through Tulloch, to both 
Anderson and Innes, when anything was re- 
quired of the Engineers, i. e. y just as he came 
to see us, and inspect the works of the enemy. 
Poor M'Cabe of the 32nd, how often that man 
assisted us ! He used to come both by day 
and night ; and he more than once threw 
hand-grenades from our upper rooms upon the 
enemy, who were working not twelve yards off 
by our ditch. 

Captain Etchhill also used often to come and 
see us, and many a pleasant conversation, I 
have had with him when he was in command 
of the Cawnpore Battery. He is, indeed, both 
a kind and a brave officer, and was always cool 
and determined. I could mention many, many 
more, but what is the necessity? All the 
people of Luckaow well know who did their 



110 

duty, without any feeble efforts of mine to help 
in saying so. I trust the officers I have men- 
tioned will pardon the liberty I have taken in 
entering their names ; and I feel sure, if they 
are annoyed, they will see that I have only 
done so with the best motives, namely, of sin- 
cere friendship and regard. It is impossible to 
be in such a siege and not feel respect for 
those who fought side by side with you. I 
commenced with the desire to hurt the feelings 
of not a single individual. If I have failed, I 
am exceedingly sorry. 



J. & W. RIDER, Printers, 14, Bartholomew Close, London, E.G. 



NOTICES BY THE PRESS. 



A PERSONAL JOURNAL OF THE SIEGE OF LUCKNOW. By 
Capt. R. P. Anderson. Edited by T. Carnegy Anderson. (Thacker 
and Co.) Captain Anderson was among the most distinguished 
officers who defended Lucknow against the rebel army. He is 
mentioned with brilliant commendation in the despatch of Brigadier 
Inglis. This brief narrative is picturesque, and contains accounts 
of some remarkable incidents not elsewhere described. It may be 
read with interest as a supplement to the volumes of " A Staff 
Officer " and Mr. Rees. The Leader, March 6, 1858. 

Captain Anderson, 25th Regiment Native Infantry. This officer 
was assistant commissioner at Lucknow when the outbreak took 
place. His house was within the Residency enclosure, and was 
formed by Sir H. Lawrence into an outpost, defended by a stockade, 
ditch, and mound. Here this officer, with ten men of Her Majesty's 
32nd and ten volunteers in all twenty men successfully defended 
this small fortification from the daily and nightly attacks of the 
enemy, whose position was only forty yards to the left, and about 
ninety to the front, with nine guns, varying from an 8-inch 
howitzer down to 24, 18, and 6-pounders, during the whole siege 
viz., from June 30 to Nov. 22 ; on one occasion during a day attack 
the enemy penetrated the stockade of this gallant little force, but 
were every one shot down before they could get out. Foremost 
amongst them was their standard bearer. Captain Anderson lost 
his wife and one child, entirely from the want of the necessaries of 
life. One little boy, however, survives, three years old; and this 
interesting little hero got so used to the blazing away of the guns, 
that during the voyage home, when the ship's guns were fired, and 
all the other children were frightened, this little fellow clapped his 
hands and hurrahed. The only wonder is that any one of this band 
of heroes survived the attack, riddled as their castle was by the 
continued fire of the enemy, and many of them were killed and 
buried beneath the floor of the house they so long and so faithfully 
defended. After the relief of Lucknow, Captain Anderson volun- 
teered and joined General Grant's force, in pursuit of the Gwalior 
rebels, after their retreat from Cawnpore, and served with General 
Grant till sent home on sick certificate. After General Havelock 
entered Lucknow, Captain Anderson was engaged in a sortie under 
Colonel Haliburton, 78th, and in taking five guns was knocked over 
and hit, but not severely. The Standard, March 6, 1858. 



NOTICES BY THE PRESS. 

Captain Anderson, of the 25th Bengal Native Infantry, was as- 
sistant commissioner at Lucknow. When the outbreak took place, 
his house was within the Residency enclosure, and was formed by 
Sir H. Lawrence into an outpost, defended by a stockade, ditch, 
and mound. Here this officer, with twenty men, successfully de- 
fended this small fortification from the daily and nightly attacks of 
the enemy, whose position was only forty yards to the left, and 
ninety to the front, with nine guns, varying from an 8-inch howitzer 
down to 24, 1 8, and 6-pounders, during the whole siege, from June 
20 to the 22nd November. On one occasion, during a day attack, 
the enemy penetrated the stockade of this gallant little force, but 
were every one shot down before they could get out. Foremost among 
them was their standard bearer. Captain Anderson lost his wife and 
one child, entirely owing to the want of the necessaries of life; one 
little boy, however, about three years old, survived. This in- 
teresting little hero got so used to the firing of the guns, that 
during the voyage home, when the ship's guns were fired, and all the 
other children were frightened, he clapped his hands and hurrahed. 
The Morning Star, March 6, 1858. 

Captain Anderson's volume is a pleasant gossiping affair; and 
the story of the siege is not complete without it. We have already 
culled from iU graphic pages. Morning Star, March 8, 1858. 



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